Gemini 21: A labor demonstration

T h e w o r d l a b o r d e s c e n d s f r o m t he O l d F r e n c h l a b ou r a n d L a t i n l a b o r . 1 O t h e r w o r d s d e r i v e d f r o m t h e s a me root include laboratory, laborious, b e l a b o r e d , l a b o r i n g , a n d l a bo r e d . T h e w o r d d e m o n st r a t i o n de s c e n d s from the root men-1, “to t h i n k. ” m u s ic , m o n it o r , mo n st e r , museum, m u st e r , Other derivatives of this root include admonish, mania, a mn e s ia , a mn e st y , a u t o m a t i c , de m o n st r a t e , p r e mo n it i o n , c o m m e n t , de m e n t , m a n da r in , ma n i c , mantra, mental, m i n d, monument, and reminiscent.2 T H E M E S : T h e k e y t h e m e s i n v o l v e t h e d i s t i n c t i o n b e t we e n LABO R a n d CA PITA L . De f i n i t i o n s o f l abo r i n c lu d e b o t h “ p r o d u c t i v e w o r k , e sp . p h y s i c a l t oi l d o n e f o r w a g e s ” a n d “ t he p e op l e , c l a s s, o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d i n t h i s ( w o r k ) , e s p . i n c o n t r a s t t o ma n a g e m e n t , c a p i t a l , e t c . ” 3 O n e o f t he s u b s t i t u t e s f o r l a bo r i s p h y s i ca l ca p i t a l. I t i n c l u d e s a l l m a n n e r o f p r o p e r t y, p la n t , a n d e q u i p me n t , i n c l ud i n g a u t o m a ti o n , on e d e f i n i t i on o f w h i c h i s “ a s y st e m t h a t u s e s m a c hi n e s t o d o w o r k i n s t e a d o f p e o p le , or the process of changing to such a system .”4 Other forms of capital e m p l o y e d i n f i r m s i n c l u d e i n t e ll e c t ua l c a p i t a l, on e d e f i n i t i on o f w h i c h i s “ I n t e l le c t u a l c a p i t a l i s a t e r m w h i ch b u n d l e s a v a ri e t y o f k n o w l e d g e resources such a s c o p y r i g h t a n d p a t e n t t o g e t he r . Intellectual capital e n a b l e s a f i r m t o c h a r g e u s e r s o f i t s k n o w l e d g e r e s o u r c e s . ” I n t e l le c t i s, o f c o u r s e , a s y n o n y m o f m i n d a n d m e n t a l it y , b ot h o f w h i c h a r e p a r o n y ms o f d e mo nst r at i o n .

1 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/labor 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 54 3 http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/labor 4 http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/american/automation#automation_3 Starling Hunter © 2011 1

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