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Analisis Bahasa Semantic

Analisis Bahasa Semantic

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Published by: VHiiee HeiiRa on Dec 21, 2011
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Name : Venny Herawati Nim : 081321

Class : 6C Semantic Assignment THREE LANGUAGE ANALYSES

A. Definition   Agent: The initiator of some action, capable of acting with volition. Patient: The entity undergoing the effect of some action, often undergoing some change in the state.   Theme: The entity which is moved by an action, or whose location is described. Experiencer: The entity which is aware of the action or state described by the predicate but which is not in control of the action or state.     

Beneficiary: The entity for whose benefit of the action was performed. Instrument: The means by which an action is performed or something comes about. Location: The place in which something is situated or takes place. Goal: The entity towards which something moves, either literally or metaphorally. Source: The entity from which something moves, either literally or metaphorally. A role of recipient is sometimes identified, e.g. by Andrew(1985) as a type of goal involved in actions describing the changes of possession.

and the verb shows a distinct form which agrees with the promoted subject: the total package being what we have called passive voice. if there are none.  Middle voice: the use of middle voice varies from language to language but a central feature is that middle forms emphasize that the subject of the verb is affected by the action described by the verb.  Active form: the active passive systems that grammatically simpler. because have naturally view situations from the point of view of any human beings involved.the past principle with the auxiliary verb be.and it allows the speaker a different perspective on the situation described. or a possession or body part of the subject.  Impersonal passive is type of passive which does not allow the agent to be mentioned in the sentence. a non-agent role is promoted to subject. .  Neuter Intransitive: The type of middle is where the subject undergoes a non-volitional process or change of state. of other living creatures.  Bodily activity and emotion: The type of middle is when the activity involves the body or emotions of the subject  Reflexives: The type of middle is where the subject’s action affects the subject himself.  Agent is demoted from subject position. Active voice alternation: the passive sentence has a verb be.and it allows the different form.

Middle Voice • • She garnishes the chocolate cake very carefully. (The Goal) c. Lani menyapu lantai. Active Voice 1. (Active) The chocolate cake garnish very carefully. Examples 1. A letter is being written (by her). Passive Voice 1. English Language a. (The Goal) 2. B. Autobenefactives: The type of middle is used to signify that the action of the subjects is done for his or her own benefit. An English book was being translated (by them). They were translating an English book. (Theme role) . (Middle-neuter) 2. (Theme role) She is writing a letter. b. Indonesian Language (Bahasa Indonesia) a. Active Voice 1. (Theme role)  Impersonal passive is used in these sentences because the subject’s name is not mentioned. 2.

(Theme role) *Sani membohongi Roro. b. 2. (Theme role) *Sinta mencuci baju berwarna merah  Sinta as the agent. (Theme role)  Lani and Rudi are the agent. Passive Voice 1. Passive Voice 1. Rudi membuang sampah. Klambi abang dikumbah karo Sinta. Sani ngapusi Roro. klambi abang as the patient because klambi change from dirty to clean. Sampah dibuang oleh Rudi. b. Sinta ngumbah klambi abang. (The Goal) c.2. (The goal) . (Bodily acivity) 3. Middle Voice • • Ani sedang mencuci baju. Active Voice 1. Javanesse Language (Bahasa Jawa) a. (Bodily activity) Runda sedang menyikat noda di lantai. Lantai disapu oleh Lani. (The Goal) 2.

Middle Voice 1. (The goal) *Roro dibohongi oleh Sani.  Roro is the experincer because she does not control the action or the state. Roro diapusi karo Sani. Takono-no adek’e Nani. Penek-no blimbing kuwi. . (Bodily Activity) *tolong panjatkan pohon belimbing itu. 2. (Reflexives) *tanyakan saja pada adiknya Nani.*Baju berwarna merah dicuci oleh Sinta. 2. c.

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