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Works Cited Primary Sources CIA Historian. "1954 Summary." The Choices Program. Brown University, 1954. Web.

10 Oct. 2011. <>. This summary is especially interesting because it is a recently de-classified document that was previously classified as "secret" by the CIA. It's focus on impacts to the oil industry hints at motives for the coup other than simply trying to "better the world" by stopping communism. CIA. "Initial Operational Plan for TPAJAX as Cabled from Nicosia to Headquarters on 1 June 1953: Appendix A." The Choices Program. Brown University, 1 June 1953. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. This recently de-classified document provides unique insight into "operation TPAJAX," as it contains the CIA's plan for the coup. Phrases such as "quasi-legal," "deputies must be purchased," and "spread anti-government rumors" call into question the validity of the methods used by government officials to stage the coup. Clawson, Patrick. "Anti-Americanism in Iran." Middle East Review of International Affairs. Mar. 2004. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <>. An analysis of anti-American sentiment in modern-day Iran, this report helps the understanding of how the 1953 coup, and the anti-American sentiment that came with it, continues to shape the world today. Executive Secretary of the National Security Council. "United States Policy Regrading the Present Situation in Iran." The Choices Program. Brown University, 20 Nov. 1952. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. This source is a 1952 report to the National Security Council. It provides valuable background information, telling the view of foreign policy with Iran as seen by government officials shortly before the coup.

"Remembering the Iran Hostage Crisis." BBC News. 4 Nov. 2004. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <>. This is a transcript of an interview with Ebrahim Asgharzadeh, one of the masterminds behind the 1979 hostage crisis. He recalls that he and the other students were not planning to cause this huge crisis - they simply wanted to make their objections to the Shah and the coup known to the world. Wilber, Donald N. Overthrow of Premier Mossadeq of Iran. Rep. 1954. NEDA Communications. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <>. This was an insider's account of the coup written shortly after it took place. This report was to be kept for the CIA's records. It shows that the coup was looked to as an example, and that the CIA was going to use it as a "learning experience," almost like a manual to be used for future interventions.

Secondary Sources Bahramitash, Roksana. "Revolution, Islamization, and Women's Employment in Iran." The Brown Journal of World Affairs IX.2 (Winter/Spring 2003). Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. This journal article provides a unique viewpoint on women's rights in Iran. It refutes the popular notion that the Islamic revolution oppressed women. This article explains that the 1979 Revolution that overthrew the Shah provided new opportunities for women and actually increased women's roles in government and the workforce. Barry, John. "Watching Torture." The Daily Beast. Newsweek, 9 Dec. 2007. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <>. An individuals recollection of SAVAK instructional videos. Barry describes the horror of

watching these videos, intending to teach torture to new recruits. This highlights the abuses of the Shahs intelligence agency. Byrne, Malcolm. "Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran." The National Security Archive. The George Washington University, 22 June 2004. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. A summary of a book examining the events leading up to and the impacts of the 1953 coup in Iran, this article explains various factions in the international community that provided for the success of this coup. Evans, Charles T. "Iranian Revolution." Nova Online Home Page. North Virginia Community College, 7 Jan. 2011. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. This examines the circumstances that led to the 1979 Revolution against the Shah. It stresses that actions by the Americans were against popular will in Iran. Gasiorowski, Mark. "The Secret CIA History of the Iran Coup, 1953." Iran Declassification Project. The George Washington University, 29 Nov. 2000. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <>. This report from the Iran Declassification Project details the process and new information learned from the declassification of CIA documents. It tells of how increased information changes reactions to an event, specifically the Iran coup. "IRAN: A Government Collapses." TIME Magazine. 19 Feb. 1979. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <,8816,912363,00.html>. An account of the 1979 revolution, a direct reaction to the 1953 coup, gives the state of Iran from the perspective of a writer with no idea how the revolution would play out, and without the interference of hindsight on their analysis of the revolution. "Opportunity for West in Iran." Editorial. The News and Courier [South Carolina] 28 Aug. 1953: 4.

Google News Archive Search. Google. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. < %20coup&pg=891%2C4092730>. This newspaper from right after the 1953 coup shows general American sentiment towards the coup. The differences between public opinion then and now are astounding. Especially interesting is that the article solely focuses on US gain from the coup, without even pretenses of wanting to better the world. Risen, James. "C.I.A. Tried, With Little Success, to Use U.S. Press in Coup." The New York Times. 2000. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <>. Exposing US efforts to manipulate American reporters, this article offers a look into attempts by the government to control domestic reactions to an artificial revolution. Shoamanesh, Sam Sasan. "History Brief: Timeline of US-Iran Relations Until the Obama Administration." MIT International Review. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. This source is a timeline of US-Iranian relations from 1856 to the present. Because this timeline includes US-Iran relations before the coup, it allowed me to see the impact of the coup on USIran relations -- that previously cordial relations changed into tension and hostility. Stephen, Kinzer. "All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror." Center for the Study of Intelligence. Central Intelligence Agency, 14 Apr. 2007. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. This source mentions a very interesting (if perhaps a little extreme) link between the 1953 coup, the rise of the Taliban, and, eventually the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center. Whether or not this link is very strong, this strongly shows the many, clearly negative, unexpected

consequences of the 1953 coup. "Timeline: Iran." BBC News. 10 May 2011. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. This source is a timeline of Iran from 224 AD to the present. Because it covers such a long period of time, it provides overall context for these events. "U.S.-Iran Relations." The Robert S. Straus Center for International Security and Law. University of Texas at Austin, Aug. 2008. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <>. This source provides an overview of US Iran Relations starting with 1953 coup. It directly connects the 1979 Hostage Crisis to the coup. This provides a specific and significant example of consequences stemming from the implementation of a dictatorial Shah.