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2
( .. 2549-2550)

.1/2551

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: 2
( .. 2549-2550)
:
:
ISBN
: 978-974-650-861-2
:
1
: .. 2551

: 4,000

:
79 10900
. 0-2561-4567 0-2579-5101
.. 2550

. 0 2280 5562
Website : http://www.inno.obec.go.th
: www.ilq.net
E-mail : imc_thailand@yahoo.com

12/9/08, 10:45 AM

(
.. 2549-2550)




.. 2549-2550

2551

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2
.. 2549
2
.. 2549
2
.. 2549
2
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11

33

2
.. 2550
2
.. 2550
2
.. 2550
2 ( 1)
.. 2550
2 ( 1)
.. 2550
2 ( 2)
.. 2550
2 ( 2)
.. 2550

41

71

73

85

113

123

153

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163




.. 2549-2550


3
1 2
( .. 2549-2550)
2 3
( .. 2549-2550)
3 2
( .. 2549-2550)
2
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

.. 2549-2550


(Process Problem)

2551

12/9/08, 10:45 AM

2
.. 2549

1-32

12/9/08, 10:50 AM


2
.. 2549
-
- 30 1 30
- 2

1-32

12/9/08, 10:50 AM

2
.. 2549
1. 3 5, 6 7
()
2. 3 6 1 2
2 2 3 3
3

3.
1 A B C D E

A=

B=

C=

D=

E=

4. M 60, 108 150


M N 8937000 M N
5. 4 1 27, 24, 21
18 08.00 . 4

1-32

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

6. 20%
25% 27
7. 1-5 5 5

8. 5

1.

2.
1

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

9. A B
A 5 : 4
B 3 : 2
114 A B
10.
S

W
4
S



A = ,S= ,T = ,R= ,W=
11. 3 1 3 2
1 13 3
14 2 16

12.

B
100

25

ACD AB DC CAD

1-32

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

13. 1-396

14. 3 A, B C 21 A
B 2 B C 3 C A 1
A, B C
15.
50% 37
18

16.
A

B
88

62
C

ABCD AD = DE BDE

17. 24
30
40 , 3

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

18. 14.10 . 16.30 .


10 171

19.
A
I
G
E

B
D

ABC ACB DE FG
CA BC 30 3 AC 18

20.

1 10

1-32

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

21. 5 37 12
5 50
(/)
22.
23. 4 40
1


24. 3 5 4
1
25.
190-194

...

26.
16

15

7
..............

24

180 ( 22 )
7

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

27. 5 9
( 3.14)

28. 16 20
55
29. 5 13

3 3

30. 37
38 1
2
30

10 2

1-32

10

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM


2
.. 2549
-
- 30 1 30
- 2

1-32

11

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

2
.. 2549
1. 3 5, 6 7
()

3 5, 6 7
5 6 7
5 7 6
6 5 7
+
6 7 5
7 5 6
7 6 5
3 9 9 6
3 9 9 6
2. 3 6 1 2
2 2 3 3
3

10

12

18 24

30

36

42

48

54

60

14

20 26

32

38

44

50

56

62

11

17

23 29

35

41

47

53

59

65

1 2 3

3
12 2

1-32

12

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

3.
1 A B C D E

A=

B=

C=

D=

E=

A B C D E 3 4 9 8 6

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

13

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

13

4. M 60, 108 150


M N 8937000 M N

... 60, 108 150 2700


M 2700 MN = 8937000
N = 8937000
2700
N = 3310
M + N = 2700 + 3310 = 6010
6010
5. 4 1 27, 24, 21
18 08.00 . 4

4 ... 1512
... 4 1512
25 12
4 8
25 12

14 2

1-32

14

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

6. 20%
25% 27

x
= x : 27
100
20%
= 100 20 = 80
25%
= 100 + 25 = 125
= 125 80 = 45
= 100 : 45
x : 27 = 100 : 45
x = 100 27
45
= 60
60
60
7. 1-5 5 5

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

15

12/9/08, 10:51 AM

15

8. 5

1.

2.
1

5
4

12
16 2

1-32

16

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

9. A B
A 5 : 4
B 3 : 2
114 A B

A = 5 : 4 (9 )
B = 3 : 2 (5 )


A = 25 : 20 (45 )

B = 27 : 18 (45 )

= 52 : 38
114
38 114
52
= 11438 52
= 156

= 114 + 156 = 270

= 270 2
= 135
A
= 135
= 75
9 5
B
= 135
= 81
5 3
B A 6

B A 6

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

17

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

17

10.
S

W
4
S



A= ,S= ,T= ,R= ,W=

1. S W
2. S 4 = W S S = 1 2 S

3.
S = 1, W 4 = S 4 1
S = 2
4. S = 2 W
W 4 S 2 4 2
3 4 = 12 8 4 = 32
W 3 8
5. T A 4 T S 4 W 4 2 = 8
T 1 2 T = 2 T = 1
6.
2 1 9 7 8
4
8 7 9 1 2
A = 7, S = 2, T = 1, R = 9, W = 8

18 2

1-32

18

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

11. 3 1 3 2
1 1 3
3
14 2 1
6

1 1 20
3
20 1 1
1 1 201
3 14 15
15 3 1
1 3 151
2 16 10
10 2 1
1 2 101
1 = 201 + 151 101
= 3 + 4 6
60
= 601

601 = 1
1

= 60

1
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

19

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

19

B
100

12.

25

ACD AB DC CAD

BAC
= 180 100 25 ( 180 )
= 55
ACD
= 55
( BAC)
DAC
= 180 ( 55 2 ) ( ACD )
= 70
70
13. 1-396

1-9
10-99
100-199
200-299
300-396

9
90
100
100
97

9
180
300
300
291

9
189
489
789
1,080

1,080
20 2

1-32

20

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

14. 3 A, B C 21 A
B 2 B C 3 C A 1
A, B C

A
7
+2
1
8

B
7
2
+3
8

C
7
3
+1
5

A = 8, B = 8, C = 5
15.
50% 3
7
18

1
50% = 12 1 = 1
2
3
3
3
= 1 =
7
7
7
1
1
3
= 1 2 7 = 14
= 18
1 18
14
1 18 14 = 252
252

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

21

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

21

16.

88

62
C

ABCD AD = DE BDE

x = 62
()
y = 180 (2 62 )
= 56
A

x
88

y
62

z = 180 88 62
( 180 )
= 30
x + BDE + z + y = 180 (
180 )
BDE = 180 62 30 56
= 32
32
22 2

1-32

22

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

17. 24
30
40 , 3

24
1
1
1
24
30
1
1
1
30
40
1
1
1
40
1 (2 + 2 + 2) 241 + 301 + 401
1
10
1 , 201
, 201 1
, 3
60
60

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

23

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

23

18. 14.10 . 16.30 .


10 171

1. 14.10 . 16.30 .
2 20 = 2 1
3
2. 10 171 171 10 = 161
2 1 = 161
3
1 = 161 3 = 69
7
69
69
19.
A
I
G
J

B
D

ABC ACB DE FG
CA BC 30 3 AC 18

24 2

1-32

24

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM


BDE = 12 10 6
= 30

CHJF = 6 10

= 60

= 1 10 6
2
= 30

AGI

= 30 + 30 + 60 = 120
120
20.

1 10

...

10

50

50

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

25

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

25

21. 5 37 12
5 50
(/)

1. x

xy

2. 5 x + 5 75
2
5
y 8
(x + 5) y 58
= xy
...............

( )

3. 5 x 5
50 y + 5
6
(x 5) y + 5
= xy
...............
6
; xy + 5y 5x8 258
= xy
25
5y 5x8
= 8
...............
; xy 5y + 5x6 256
= xy
5y + 5x
= 25
...............
6
6
+ ; 5x6 5x8
= 25 + 258
6
40x 30x
= 200 + 150

( )

10x

= 350

= 35

35
35
26 2

1-32

26

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:52 AM

22.

(1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4), (1,5), (1,6), (2,1), (2,2), (2,3), (2,4), (2,5), (2,6),
(3,1), (3,2), (3,3), (3,4), (3,5), (3,6), (4,1), (4,2), (4,3), (4,4), (4,5), (4,6),
(5,1), (5,2), (5,3), (5,4), (5,5), (5,6), (6,1), (6,2), (6,3), (6,4), (6,5), (6,6)
369
1
4
23. 4 40
1

1.
40

4
= 2
3
= 6

2. 1

B 1
= 1
6
A A
C

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

27

12/9/08, 10:53 AM

27

3. y 5
= 5
y

5
1
40
y + 6 = 60
5
1
y = 2
y = 10
10
10
24. 3 5 4
1

3 + 5 + 4 = 12
= 8
128 = 23
2
3
25.

...

190-194

2 2

3 5

4 9

5 14

28 2

1-32

28

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:53 AM

195
(2 + 1) 1
195 = n (n2 + 1) 1
n = 19 19 (19 + 1) 1 = 190 1 = 189
2
20
...

}
15

190-194

26.

16

15

7
..............

24

180 ( 22 )
7

=
= 12 (16 + 24) 15 3.5 3.5
= 1 40 15 227 3.5 3.5

2
= 300 38.5

= 261.5

= 261.5 180

= 47,070

47,070
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

29

12/9/08, 10:53 AM

29

27. 5 9
( 3.14)

= 4r2
= (3.14 5 5) 4
= 78.50 4

= 314

= 20 20

= 400

= 400 314 = 86

-----------

----- ------

86

30 2

1-32

30

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:53 AM

28. 16 20
55

55

75

75 56

75 5 6 = 90
90
29. 5 13

3 3

12

13
8

10

12

13
9

11

7
11

10

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

1-32

31

12/9/08, 10:53 AM

31

30. 3
7
3

1
8
2
30

1. 37

14

28

2. 3
8
3
8

3. 1
2
3
8
/

/ /

1
2
3 = 30
1 = 30 = 10
3
28 = 28 10 = 280
280

32 2

1-32

32

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:53 AM


2
.. 2549
-
- 30 50 3
1 15 1 15
2 10 2 20
3 5 3 15
- 2

33-69

33

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

2
.. 2549

1 15
1. 3
4 1
2. 3
5 7 3 12 2548
3 ..
3.

= 2, = 1, = 3

= 2 1 2 1 1 3
= 12

= 45
= 60
= 400

4. 9 7 5
2 1 5 1
3 3

34 2

33-69

34

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

5. 37
1 15
2
203

6.
4 3
7.
30.25 .

.....

.....

.....
.....

.....

32 .
15 .
7 .
7 . ...................

20.50 .
47.75 .

4,800
30.25 47.75 20.50
7
()
8. 1
A B B A 1
595

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

35

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

35

9. 540 235
235

10. A B 12%
A 20% B C C 22%
C 488 A
A
11.
100 5
2 100 304

12. A x x
M = 6x + 900 x N = 10x + 80 25%
()
13. , 18,300
125
80
14. 5
10
40 24
( 22 )
7

36 2

33-69

36

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

15. 6



6 276 90 70

2 10
16. A B 625 05.30 . M
A B 100 15 N
B A 80 M N

17. 6 8 3

18. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 8
A B C D E F
G
G D B E G A
D D F B A A+
D G C B A A
A E G A B C G
19. 1,000 50
1,500 70
40% 8 45
20. 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
2 6 12 20
90
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

37

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

37

21. ABC AB = BM = AN ACB = 35 APB


C
35
N

M
P

22. A 1,000 A 5 4
7 2 11 6 13 9
A
23. 20 4 P, Q, R
S ( 3.14)

.
.

.
.
Q

24. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, ...
2006
63 + 77 91 + 105 } 1 ] 1

25. [{ 49
12 20 30 42 36
24
77

38 2

33-69

38

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

3 5
<

26. A PQR PQR = 90 PQ QR


12 16
A
P

27.

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
97 100
1 4 4 7 7 10 10 13

28. 10 7
3

29. A, B C A 60
B C B 60
A C C 60 A B

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

39

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

39

30. A, B, C, D E
1) A, B, C, D E
2) 5 A, B, C, D E
A
E
B

40 2

33-69

40

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:09 AM


2
.. 2549
-
- 30 50 3
1 15 1 15
2 10 2 20
3 5 3 15
- 2

33-69

41

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

2
.. 2549

1 ( 1-15)
1. 3
4 1

12 3 4
8

7
4
8
1
3
5
10
3
2
6
12
5
1
6 + 12 = 18
18

2. 3
5 7 3 12 2548
3 ..

3
5
7
1. ... (3, 5, 7) 105
105 13 2548

42 2

33-69

42

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:09 AM

2.

13-31 2548
19
1-30 2548
30
1-31 2548
31
1-25 2548
25
25 2548

3.

= 2, = 1, = 3

= 2 1 2 1 1 3
= 12

= 45
= 60
= 400


= 45 = 3 5 3
= 3, = 5
= 60 = 5 3
= 60 = 4
15

= 2
= 5 2 5 2
400 = 5 2 5 2
100 = 400
= 4
= 5 3 4 4 3
= 720
720
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

43

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

43

4. 9 7 5
2 1 5 1
3 3

7 14
5 25
9
3 48
48 3 = 16

1
2
3

(5 )
2 ( 10 )
1 ( 5 )
2 ( 10 )

(7 )
1 ( 2 )
5 ( 10 )
1 ( 2 )

(9 )
4
1
4

()
16
16
16

1 2 1 4
2 1 5 1
3 2 1 4

1, 2, 3 1 2 3

44 2

33-69

44

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

5. 37
1 15
2
203

1
1 37 = 37
1 37 = 47
1 4 = 2
2 7 7

12
15 15 ( 37 + 2 ) = 1
7
7

1 3 + 2 + 17 = 17
7 7
1
203
7
1 203 7
1,421

1,421

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

45

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

45

6.
4 3

x , y
10x + y = 4(x + y) + 3
10x + y = 4x + 4y + 3
6x = 3y + 3
y = 6x 3 = 2x 1
3
x

11

23, 35, 47, 59

46 2

33-69

46

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

7.
30.25 .

.....

.....

.....
.....

.....

32 .
15 .
7 .
7 . ...................

20.50 .
47.75 .

4,800
30.25 47.75 20.50
7
()

4,800 = 15 32
= 4,800 = 10
480
10

7

3
3 100
7
42.86
42.86

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

47

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

47

8. 1
A B B A 1
595

1

n
595



n(n2 1)
n(n 1) = 595

2
n2 n = 1,190
n2 n 1,190 = 0
(n 35)(n + 34) = 0
n = 35 34 ()
35
2
3 A, B C
AB, AC = 2
BC = 1
2 + 1 = 3

48 2

33-69

48

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

4 A, B, C D
AB, AC, AD = 3
BC, BD = 2
CD = 1
3 + 2 + 1 = 6
30 29 + 28 + 27 + ... + 1 = 435 ()
40 39 + 38 + 37 + ... + 1 = 780 ()
35 34 + 33 + 32 + ... + 1 = 595
35

9. 540 235
235

70 .

235 .

235 .
235 .

235 .
540 .

70 235
25 .

70 .

70 .

70 .
70 .

70 .
235 .

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

49

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

49

20 25
20 .

25 .

25 .
25 .

25 .
70 .

5 20
5 .

20 .
20 .

20 .
25 .

5 5 4
5 .

5 .

5 .

5 .
5 .

5 .
20 .

50 2

33-69

50

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

10. A B 12%
A 20% B C C 22%
C 488 A
A

100%
C

122% = 488
122% = 488 22% = 88 200%
A B

100%
12% 200%

= 24%
C

20% 100% = 20%


C

24% + 20% = 88
1% = 2
200% 24% = 176% = 352
352

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

51

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

51

11.
100 5
2 100 304

1
x , y
x + y = 100
...............
5x 2y = 304
...............
2
2x + 2y = 200
...............
+
7x = 504
x = 72
72
2
()
80
75
70
71
72

400
375
350
355
360

20
25
30
29
28

40
50
60
58
56

72

52 2

33-69

52

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

360
325
290
297
304

12. A x x
M = 6x + 900 x N = 10x + 80 25%
()

M = 6x + 900

N = 10x + 80

N M = (10x + 80) (6x + 900)
N M = 4x 820

= 25% 1
4
4x 820 = 1

6x + 900 4
4(4x 820)
16x 3,280
10x
x

=
=
=
=

6x + 900
6x + 900
3,280 + 900 = 4,180
418

418
13. , 18,300
125
80

, 18,300

= x
125 = 125 x
100
= 5 x
4
80 = 80
100
5 = 5 5 x = 25 x

4
4 4
16
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

53

12/9/08, 11:10 AM

53

5 x + x + 25 x = 18,300
16
4
16
20x + 16x + 25x = 18,300 16
61x = 18,300 16
x = 16 18,300 = 4,800
61
5 x = 5 4,800 = 6,000

4
4
6,000
14. 5
10
40 24
( 22 )
7

10 /

1
5 200

54 2

33-69

54

1
400
20 = 1
100 5
24 = 6
100 25

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

= 13 r2h
= 1 1 1 256
5 5
3
= 2
625
1 (10 /) 10

1 1 10
= 400
400
=

16,000
= 1
2
= 625
16,000
= 32,000
625
= 51.2
51.2

15. 6



6 276 90 70

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

55

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

55

()
89 87 85
()
68 66 64
()
98 78 58
()
86 66 46
()
17 15 13
()
14 12 10

372 324 276

83
62
38
26
11
8
228

81
60
18
6
9
6
180

79
58
97
85
16
13
348

77
56
77
65
14
11
300

75
54
57
45
12
9
252

73
52
37
25
10
7
204

71
50
17
5
8
5
156

10

2 ( 16-25)
16. A B 625 05.30 . M
A B 100 15 N
B A 80 M N

625
B
A
M 100 / N 80 /
M N = 15 100 = 25
60

625 25 = 600
M N 1 = 100 + 80 = 180
600 = 3 1
3
180
05.30 + 15 + 3 13
05.45 + 3 + 20
09.05 .

09.05 .
56 2

33-69

56

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

....
....
....
....
....
....
....
....
..................................................

17. 6 8 3

......................................................

3
6

...
... 6, 8 3 = 24
24
8 (8 3 = 24)
4 (4 6 = 24)
3 (3 8 = 24)
8 4 3 = 96
96

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

57

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

57

18. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 8
A B C D E F
G
G D B E G A
D D F B A A +
D G C B A A
A E G A B C G

3
4
4
2

4
4
3
3

8
7
5
1

2
8
8
8

3
1
1
5

1
1 +
1
3

1. A 1 2
8
2. A 1, G 3, C = 5
2, 4, 7 8
2 + 8 = 10
E = 2 B = 8
3. B + B + E = 18 B + F + C + 1 = A (A
)
F = 7 D = 4
A = 1
B=8
C=5
D=4
E=2
F=7
G=3

58 2

33-69

58

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

19. 1,000 50
1,500 70
40% 8 45

1,000 + X /
50
1,50070+ X /
1,00050+ X = 1,50070+ X
7,000 + 7X = 7,500 + 5X
2X = 500
X = 250
1,000 + 250 = 25 /
50
40% = 25 40 = 10 /
100
15 525 = 7,875

7,875 250 = 7,625

7,625

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

59

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

59

20.

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
2 6 12 20
90

=
=
=
=
=

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
2 6 12 20
90
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
12 23 34 45
9 10
2 1 + 3 2 + 4 3 + 5 4 + ... + 10 9
12 23 34 45
9 10
( 1 1 )+( 1 1 )+( 13 14 )+( 14 15 ) + ... + ( 19 101 )
1 2 2 3
1 12 + 12 13 + 13 14 + 14 15 + ... + 19 101
1 1 = 9
10 10

9
10

60 2

33-69

60

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

21. ABC AB = BM = AN ACB = 35 APB


C
35
N

M
P

<

<

<

APB = 180 (PAB + PBA)


PAB + PAB
AN = MB = AB
ABN ABM
PAB = 180 (2 ABN)
...............
PAB = 180 (2 BAM)
...............

ACB = 35
+ ; PAB + PBA = 360 2 (ABN + BAM) = 360 290
145

APB = 180 (360 290 )


= 110
110
<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

61

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

61

22. A 1,000 A 5 4
7 2 11 6 13 9
A

5
7
11 13
4 2 6 9
999
996
996
997
994
989
985
984
989
982
974
971
984
975
963
958
979
968
952
945
974
961
941
932
969
954
930
919
964
947
919
959
940
954
933
949
926
944
919
939
934
929
924
919
919

62 2

33-69

62

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

23. 20 4 P, Q, R
S ( 3.14)

.
.

.
.
Q

1.

.
.

.
.

QQ

2.

= r2 ( 12 )
= (3.14 20 20) ( 1 40 40)
2
= 1,256 800
= 456

456

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

63

12/9/08, 11:11 AM

63

24. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, ...
2006

1, 2, 3, ..., 9
9

10, 11, ..., 99


2 90 = 180
100, 101, ..., 703
3 604 = 1,812
9 + 180 + 1,812 = 2,001
703704705706...

2001 3

2002 7

2003 0

2004 4

2005 7

2006 0
2006 0
25. [{ 49 63 + 77 91 + 105 } 1 ] 1
24
12 20 30 42 36
77

63 77 91 105
1
1
[{ 49
12 20 + 30 42 + 36 } 77 ] 24
11 7 13 + 7 15 } 1 ] 1
= [{ 7 7 7 20 9 + 7 30
24
42
36
12
77
7
9
11
13
1
15
1
= [7 { 12 20 + 30 42 + } ] 24
36
77
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
= [7 { + 4 5 + 5 + 6 16 17 + 15
36 } 77 ] 24
3 4
1 ] 24
)

= [7 ( 13 17 + 15
36 77
84

36
+
105
) 771 ] 24
= [7 (
252
1
= [7 ( 153
252 ) 77 ] 24
1
102
25
= 7 153
252 77 24 = 77 = 1 77 1.32
1 25 1.32
77
64 2

33-69

64

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

3 ( 26-30)
<

26. A PQR PQR = 90 PQ QR


12 16
A
P

1. A
PR
P
PR2 = PQ2 + QR2
PR2 = 144 + 256
D
PR2 = 400
A
.
B
PR = 20
Q

2. AP, AQ AR
PQR = 1 QR PQ
2
= 1 12 16 = 96
2
3. A PAQ, AQR APR
PQR = PAQ + AQR +
APR
96 = 12 r (12 + 16 + 20)
r = 96 = 4
24
8
8
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

65

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

65

27. 1 1 4 + 4 1 7 + 7 1 10 + 10 1 13 + ... + 97 1 100


3 =
14
3 =
47

1 1
1
4
1 1
4
7

...
3
1
1
97 100 = 97 100

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1
97 100
1 4 4 7 7 10 10 13
= 1 [ 1 3 4 + 4 3 7 + ... + 3 ]
3
97 100
1]
= 1 [1 1 + 1 1 + 1 101 + ... + 971 100
3
4 4 7 7
1]
= 13 [1 100
99
= 13 100
= 33
100

33
100

66 2

33-69

66

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

28. 10 7
3

= 4

= 3

= 2

= 1

= 3

= 2

= 1

= 2

= 1

= 1

20 6
20 6 = 120
120

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

67

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

67

29. A, B C A 60
B C B 60
A C C 60 A B

A X B Y C Z
X + 60
= 2(Y + Z)
X + 60
= 2Y + 2Z
60
= 2Y + 2Z X
2Y + 2Z X = 60
...............
Y + 60
= 3(X + Z)
Y + 60
= 3X + 3Z
60
= 3X + 3Z Y
3X + 3Z Y = 60
...............
Z + 60
= 5(X + Y)
Z + 60
= 5X + 5Y
60
= 5X + 5Y Z
5X + 5Y Z = 60
...............
3; 6Y + 6Z 3X = 180
...............
+ ;
5Y + 9Z = 240
...............
5; 15X + 15Z 5Y = 300
...............
3; 15X + 15Y 3Z = 180
...............
;
18Z 20Y = 120
...............
4;
20Y + 36Z = 960
...............
+
54Z = 1,080
Z = 20
Z = 20 ; 5Y + 9(20) = 240
5Y + 180 = 240
5Y = 60
Y = 12
68 2

33-69

68

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

Y = 12 Z = 20 ;
2(12) + 2(20) X
24 + 40 X
64 60
X

=
=
=
=

60
60
X
4

A 4 B 12 C 20

30. A, B, C, D E
1) A, B, C, D E
2) 5 A, B, C, D E
A
E
D

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

33-69

69

12/9/08, 11:12 AM

69

2
.. 2550

70-83

71

12/9/08, 11:02 AM


2
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

70-83

73

12/9/08, 11:02 AM

2
.. 2550
1. p = 12 , q = 23 r = 34
pr + qr

2.
D


ABCD

3. ABCD
C

AD = 5 AB = 3x + 2
CD = x + 6

B
ABCD

4. 0.6, 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 3, 4.8, ..., ..., ...

74 2

70-83

74

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:02 AM

5. .. 1900 1 + 9 + 0 + 0 = 10
.. 1900 .. 2007 20
<

6. ADC
A
62

33
B

C
133
D

7.

.B

, 1 : 2 : 3 A, B, C
D
5

8. M N 4 N
M ( M 1234 N 4321) M N
14,773 M N 3,177 M N

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

70-83

75

12/9/08, 11:02 AM

75

9.

N
M

M N

E
M

M N
M X
3 () X N
N
X
4 ()
M N ()

10.
D

76 2

70-83

76

ABCD
AC BD O
AC BD
AC 24
AB 13
BD 10
DE

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

11.
10
5
x
20
16

12. 9 8 16 1
3
2 0.5
20

0.5 /

2 /

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567

9
16

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

70-83

77

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

77

13. A, B C
3A + 2B + 4C = 232
A = 2C
B = C + A
A + B + C
14.
88
80
15. A B 625 05.30 .
A B 100 15
B A 80

78 2

70-83

78

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

16. 2
A

3
A
B
3
C
4
A

B
6

H
A

E
D

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

70-83

79

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

79

<

<

17. AC = AB, BC = BD
CAB = 50 , ACD = 30
DBC
<

50

30
C
B

18. X, Y Z
1 : 2 : 3 20% Y
()
X

80 2

70-83

80

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

19. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 2 2 ( )
1)
2)

1-5 ()

20.

ABC B
AB BC

( = 227 )

...............................

C
14

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

70-83

81

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

81

21. A B 12% A 20%


B C C 22% C
488 A
22. 75% 60%
1,440
23. BD

A
5

24. ABCDHGFE 12
9 8 HB
H

G
F

l
A

82 2

70-83

82

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

25. (2001 20022002) (2002 20012001)


26.

20
27. 1 + 3 16 + 5 121 + 7 201 + 9 301 + 11 421 + 13 561 + 15 721 + 17 901

28. 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1
8 31 62 124 248 496
2 4

29. AP : QA = 5 : 2
PS = 7
QR = 4
AC

C
R

30. 8 1
2 3
8

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

70-83

83

12/9/08, 11:03 AM

83


2
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

85-112

85

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

2
.. 2550
1. p = 12 , q = 23 r = 34
pr + qr
1
pr + qr = ( 1 3 ) + ( 2 34 )
4
3
2
= 3 + 1
8 2
= 3 + 48
8
= 78
7
8
2
pr + qr = r(p + q)
= 3 ( 12 + 2 )
4
3
= 3 (3+4)
4
6
= 34 76
=

7
8

7
8
86 2

85-112

86

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

2.
D


ABCD

D
1
M

2
A


1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 1 2
6 3 4
6 ABCD
6

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

87

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

87

3. ABCD
C

AD = 5 AB = 3x + 2
CD = x + 6
A

B
ABCD

AB = CD ( AB//CD
)
3x + 2 = x + 6
3x x = 6 2
2x = 4
x = 2
AB = 3x + 2
= (3 2) + 2
= 6+2
= 8
5 + 8 + 5 + 8 = 26
26

88 2

85-112

88

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

4. 0.6, 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 3, 4.8, ..., ..., ...

0.6, 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 3, 4.8, ..., ..., ...

3 + 4.8 = 7.8
4.8 + 7.8 = 12.6
7.8 + 12.6 = 20.4
7.8, 12.6, 20.4
5. .. 1900 1 + 9 + 0 + 0 = 10
.. 1900 .. 2007 20

19, ... 2 10 10
19,
91
28,
82
37,
73
64,
46
55
2000-2007
9 1919, 1991, 1928, 1982, 1937, 1973, 1964, 1946, 1955

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

89

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

89

<

6. ADC
A
62
C
133

33
B

A
62
E
C
133

33
B

BC AD E
<

<

<

BCD = CED + EDC (

)
<

BED = 62 + 33

(
)

<

BED = 95
<

<

133 = 95 + EDC ( ADC)


<

ADC = 38
38

90 2

85-112

90

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:59 AM

7.
A

.B

, 1 : 2 : 3 A, B, C
D
5

4 1 : 2 : 3 : 6
2
2
2
2
= 1 : 2 : 3 : 6
4 4 4 4
= 12 : 22 : 32 : 62
= 1 : 4 : 9 : 36

= 5 : 20 : 45 : 180 ( = 5 .2)
= 1 (180 5 20 45) = 55
2

55
8. M N 4 N
M ( M 1234 N 4321) M N
14,773 M N 3,177 M N

M + N = 14,773

M N = 3,177

+
2M = 17,950
M = 8,975
M = 8,975
8,975 + N = 14,773
N = 14,773 8,975
N = 5,798
M = 8,975
N = 5,798
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

91

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

91

9.

N
M

M N

E
M

M N
M X
3 () X N
N
X
4 ()
M N ()

2
M

4
M

4 M N

92 2

85-112

92

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

10.

O
A

ABCD
AC BD O
AC BD
AC 24
AB 13
BD 10
DE

ABCD =

1
2
AB DE = 1 AC BD
2
13 DE = 1 24 10
2
DE = 9.2

9.2

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

93

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

93

11.

10
5
x
20
16

x2 = 102 82 = 36
x = 6
= 2( 12 16 6) + 2(20 10)
= 496

= 2(16 5) + 2(20 5)

= 160 + 200 = 360

= 16 20 = 320

= 496 + 360 + 320

= 1,176

1,176

94 2

85-112

94

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

12. 9 8 16 1
3
2 0.5
20
0.5 /

2 /

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567

9
16

0.5 /

2 /

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567

9
16

= 1 8 = 2 2
3
3
1 = 2 0.5 = 1.5

20 = 20 1.5 = 30
=
30 = (16 9)
() = 30 (16 9) = 5
24
= 2 2 + 5 = 2 7
3 24
8
7
2
8
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

95

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

95

13. A, B C
3A + 2B + 4C = 232
A = 2C
B = C + A
A + B + C

A = 2C
2A = 4C
B = C + A
2B = 2C + 2A
= 3A
3A + 2B + 4C

= 232

3A + 3A + 2A

= 232
A = 29
B = 3A
2
= 3 29
2
87
= 2 = 43.5
C = A2 = 292
= 14.5

A + B + C = 29 + 43.5 + 14.5 = 87
87

96 2

85-112

96

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

14.
88
80

x+y+y =
x+y+x =
x = 88 2y
88 2y + y + 88 2y =
176 3y =
176 80 =
96 =
3y =
y =
y =
y = 32
x + 32 + x =
2x =
x =
x =
2(x + y) =
=
112

88
80

...
...

80
80
3y
3y
96
96
3
32
80
80 32 = 48
48
2
24
2(32 + 24)
2 56

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

97

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

97

15. A B 625 05.30 .


A B 100 15
B A 80

625
A

B
100 /

80 /

15 = 15 100 = 25
60
625 25 = 600
1 100 + 80 = 180
1
600
=
3
180
3
05.30 . + 15 + 3 13
05.45 . + 3 20
09.05 .
09.05 .

98 2

85-112

98

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

16. 2
A

3
A
B
3
C
4
A

B
6

A
2 = 1
3 = 2 + 1
4 = 3 + 2 + 1
B
.
.
C
.
8 = 7 + 6 + ... + 1 = 28

G
F

E
D

28

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

99

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

99

<

<

17. AC = AB, BC = BD
CAB = 50 , ACD = 30
DBC
<

50

30
C
B

<

<

DCB + 30

= ABC ()

<

<

(DCB + 30 ) + ABC

= 180 50 = 130

<

2ABC

= 130

<

ABC

= 65
<

DCB

= 65 30 = 35

<

= 35

CBD

= 180 (35 + 35 )

<

BDC

= 110
<

DBC = 110

100 2

85-112

100

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:00 AM

18. X, Y Z
1 : 2 : 3 20% Y
()
X

20%
Y
12345678
12345678

......
......
......
......
......
......
......
......

5
12345678
X 12345678
12345678
12345678
12345678...............................................................................................
10
12345678
Y 12345678
12345678
12345678
12345678
12345678
Z 12345678

15

Y Z
(13 + 3) = 16 (16 + 2) = 18

16 100 = 88 8 %
18
9

88 89 %

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

101

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

101

19. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 2 2 ( )
1)
2)

1-5 ()

10

102 2

85-112

102

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

...............................

20. A

ABC B
AB BC

( = 227 )

C
14

X
...............................

14

...............................

C
14

= 2( 1 227 14 14 1 28 14)
2
2
= 2(308 196)
= 224
224

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

103

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

103

21. A B 12% A 20%


B C C 22% C
488 A

100%

(100 + 22) % 100% = 122%)

488

122% 488
1% 488 122 = 4
22% 22 4 = 88

200%

A
B

100%

12% 200% = 24%

A
B

20% 100% = 20%

24% + 20% = 88
1% = 88 44 = 2
200% 24% = 176% 176 2 = 352
352

104 2

85-112

104

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

22. 75% 60%


1,440

100%

75% 100% = 75%

60% (100 + 75) % = 105%

1,440

105% 75% = 30%


30% 1,440
1% 1,440 30 = 48
100% 48 100 = 4,800
4,800

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

105

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

105

23. BD
A
5
7

9
ABD;

AD2 = AB2 BD2


= 52 BD2

ACD;

...............

AD2 = AC2 CD2


= 72 (BC BD)2
= 72 (9 BD)2

...............

=
52 BD2 = 72 (9 BD)2
25 BD2 = 49 81 + 18 BD BD2
18 BD = 57
BD = 57
18
= 3 1
6
1
3 6

106 2

85-112

106

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

24. ABCDHGFE 12
9 8 HB
H

G
F

l
A

(Basic Concept)
BH2 = BD2 + DH2
BD2 = AD2 + AB2

BH2 = AB2 + AD2 + DH2


BH2 = p2 + l2 + t2
* BH =

p2 + l2 + t2

()
H

G
F

C
9

HB =

p2

l2

+ +

t2

122 + 92 + 82

144 + 81 + 64

289

B
12

= 17
17

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

107

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

107

25. (2001 20022002) ( 2002 20012001)

(2001 20022002) (2002 20012001)

= (2001 2002 10001) (2002 2001 10001)


=0
0
26.

20

1 = 1 2
2
2 = 2 3
2
3 = 3 2 4
4 = 4 5
2
*

= 1

1 1 = 1

= 3

2 1 + 2 = 3

= 6

3 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

= 10

4 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10
20

*
*
20 = 20 21 = 210
2
210

108 2

85-112

108

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ... + 20
= 20 21 = 210
2
210

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

27. 1 + 3 16 + 5 121 + 7 201 + 9 301 + 11 421 + 13 561 + 15 721 + 17 901

1 1 = 32 = 1
2 3
6
6
121 = 13 14
.
.
.
901 = 19 101

1 + 3 + 5 + ... + 17 + ( 12 13 ) + ( 13 14 ) + ... + ( 19 101 )


= 81 + 1 101
2
= 81 + 105 101
= 81 + 4
10
= 81 + 2
5
= 81 2
5
81 2
5

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

109

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

109

28. 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1
8 31 62 124 248 496
2 4

M = 1+ 1+ 1 + 1+ 1+ 1 + 1 + 1
2 4 8 31 62 124 248 496

2M = 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1
2 4 31 31 62 124 248

1
M = 1 + 2 18 496
31
= 496 + 32496 62 1
= 465
496
= 15
16
15
16

110 2

85-112

110

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

...............
...............

29. AP : QA = 5 : 2
PS = 7
QR = 4
AC

C
R

QAB QPS
AB
PS

= QA
PQ

= QB
QS

2 = 2
= QAQA
=
7
+ AP 2 + 5
AB = 27 PS
SBC SQR
BC = SB
QR
SQ
= PA
PQ
=
BC =

PA = 5 = 5
7
PA + AQ 5 + 2
5 QR
7

AC = AB + BC
= 2 PS + 5 QR
7
7
= 2 7 + 5 4 = 4 6
7
7
7

( )( )

4 6
7

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

85-112

111

12/9/08, 11:01 AM

111

30. 8 1
2 3
8

1 1
2 33
2+1+1+1+1+1+1

= 7

2+2+1+1+1+1

= 15

2+2+2+1+1

= 10

2+2+2+2

= 1

3 47
3+1+1+1+1+1

= 6

3+2+1+1+1

= 20

3+2+2+1

= 12

3+3+1+1

= 6

3+3+2

= 3

81

112 2

85-112

112

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:02 AM


2 ( 1)
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

113-140

113

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

2 ( 1)
.. 2550

1.

100 ()

2.

E
6
10

G
F

ABCE DHGF AE//BC//FG//DH


ABC = BCD = CDH = DHG = 90
AB = BC = 8
DH = HG = 6
CD = 10
CFDE
114 2

113-140

114

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

3. 5 20%
( = 227 )
4. 9 : 5
70
5.
5 , 6 , 7 , 11
6 7 8 13
6. n 247 248 63
n 26
7.
6
8

0
8

32

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

115

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

115

8. AB//XY, XZ//PQ ABC CBQ

69

9. PQRS SXR
X

30

42
R

116 2

113-140

116

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

10.

6 3 1 4
2
5
8

1, 2, 3, ...

1, 2, 3 1
4, 5, 6 2
7, 8, 9 3

2007
11.
A

B
20

14

15

A + B + C

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

117

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

117

1
12. a =
b a
b
1
5+
1+ 1
5
13.

a 5y + 15
y

60
a

14.
A
...................................................................................................................

EF//BC EF = GH = 28
BG = HC = 7 GH

( = 227 )

15.
28 + 72 [8 + 6 {32 24 (42 8)} 2 3]
43

118 2

113-140

118

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

16. 60 A B C
8 A B 10 B C
13 C A

17. 3 : 7
1 : 4
93
18.

EFGH
1 2
ABCD 1 3
ABCD
B 1 ABCD EFGH

A
F

19. A B C A
B 4 8 C
6

20. 44 4 : 2 : 5
20 25%
50%

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

119

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

119

21. 193 2883 5


C
30

22.
A

25

ABFE
FBD + BFC
23.
39

14

20

16
3 : 1
()
120 2

113-140

120

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

24.

ABCD E F
AD BC
ABCD
49

C
D
F
E
B

25. 0, 1, 3 5 4
3,000
26. 6 32
7, 8 9 41 10
39 7, 8, 9 10
27. x : y = ( x1 a1 ) : ( y1 + a1 ) x y 0 a 0
y x = 2 xy = 8 a

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

121

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

121

28. A 5 2 6 3
8 5 9 6 A
29. 3 A B C A B
5 7

A B 3 C 9

C
30.

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... +
1
1 4 4 7 7 10 10 13
97 100

122 2

113-140

122

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:04 AM


2 ( 1)
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

113-140

123

12/9/08, 11:04 AM

2 ( 1)
.. 2550

1.

100 ()

1
2
3
.
.
.
n


4 = 4 (1)
8 = 4 (2)
12 = 4 (3)
.
.
.
4 (n)

100 4(100) = 400


400

124 2

113-140

124

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

2.

E
6
10

G
F

ABCE DHGF AE//BC//FG//DH


ABC = BCD = CDH = DHG = 90
AB = BC = 8
DH = HG = 6
CD = 10
CFDE

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

125

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

125

R
Q 10

P + Q
R + S
P
S
CFDE

= 12 8 10 = 40
= 1 6 10 = 30
2
= 12 8 8 = 32
= 1 6 6 = 18
2
= 40 + 30 32 18
= 20

20

126 2

113-140

126

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

3. 5 20%
( = 227 )

= 227 5 5 = 550
7
= 78 47

120% 5 ( 20%)
= 120
100 5 = 6
227 6 6

= 113 17

113 17 78 4
7

= 242
7

550 242
7
7
7 100
100 242

7 550
= 44%
44%

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

127

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

127

4. 9 : 5
70

= 9 + 5
= 14

70
14 = 7

2
9 70
= 7
2

= 70

= 35

= 9 35
= 315

315

128 2

113-140

128

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

5.
5 , 6 , 7 , 11
6 7 8 13

... 6, 7, 8 13 2184
5 = 5 364
6
6 364

= 1820
2184

6 = 6 312 = 1872
7
7 312
2184
7 = 7 273
8
8 273

= 1911
2184

11 = 11 168 = 1848
13
13 168
2184

1911 , 1872 , 1848 , 1820


2184 2184 2184 2184
7 , 6 , 11 , 5
8 7 13 6
7 , 6 , 11 , 5
8 7 13 6

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

129

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

129

6. n 247 248 63
n 26

n 63 247 248
247 = 19 13
248 = 2 124
26 = 2 13
n 63 26 ( 26 2 13)
n 26 63 26
63 26 = 2 11
11
7.
6
8

0
8

32

0 32 6 = 192
32

8 9 6
2 8 6 7 2

2 5 6

3 0 7

2 8 8

1 9 2

1 9 2

130 2

113-140

130

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

8. AB//XY, XZ//PQ ABC CBQ

69

XZ//PQ ABP = 69
<

<

PBC = 90 69
= 21
<

CBQ = 180 21
= 159
159

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

131

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

131

9. PQRS SXR
X

30

42

2
1

3
4

30

42

R
<

<

1 = 2

= 180 90 30 = 60

<

<

3 = 4

= 180 90 42 = 48
<

SXR = 180 60 48 = 72
<

SXR = 72
72
132 2

113-140

132

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

10.

6 3 1 4
2
5
8

1, 2, 3, ...

1, 2, 3 1
4, 5, 6 2
7, 8, 9 3

2007

2007

3, 6, 9, 12, ...
n = 3n
2007 = 3 2007
= 6021
6021

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

133

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

133

11.
A

14

20

15

A + B + C

A + A + A = 15
A = 5
A + B + B = 20
2B = 20 5 = 15
B = 152 = 7.5
A + A + C = 14
C = 14 10
C = 4
A + B + C = 5 + 7.5 + 4 = 16.5
16.5

134 2

113-140

134

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:05 AM

12. ba =

1
b a
1
5+
1+ 1
5

a
b
a
b
ba

1
1
1
=
=
5+ 5
5+ 1
5+ 1
6
6
1+ 1
5
5
6
= 35
=

1
= 35
6

= 35 6 = 29

29

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

135

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

135

13.

60
a

a 5y + 15
y

60

<

<

a = 1 ()
<

1 = 60 ()
<

a = 60 ()
5y + 15 = 60
5y = 45
y = 9
9

136 2

113-140

136

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

14.

A
...................................................................................................................

EF//BC EF = GH = 28
BG = HC = 7 GH

( = 227 )

= BCFE

BCFE

= 12 ()
= 12 (28 + 42) 14
= 490

= 12 r2
= 1 22 14 14
2 7
= 308

= 490 308
= 182

182

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

137

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

137

15.
28 + 72 [8 + 6 {32 24 (42 8)} 2 3]
43

28 + 72 [8 + 6 {32 24 (42 8)} 2 3] = 28 + 72 [8 + 6 {32 16 (16 8)} 6]


43
43
= 28 + 72 [8 + 6 {2 (2)} 6]
43
= 28 + 72 [8 + 0 6]
43
= 28 +4372 (2)
= 28 + 144
43
= 172
43
= 4
4

138 2

113-140

138

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

16. 60 A B C
8 A B 10 B C
13 C A

1) 20
2) A 8 13 5 20
3) B 8 10 2 20
4) C 10 13 3 20
A 20 5 = 15
B 20 + 2 = 22
C 20 + 3 = 23
A 15
B 22
C 23

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

113-140

139

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

139

17. 3 : 7
1 : 4
93

: = 3 : 7
93 : = 3 : 7

= 93 3 7 = 217
: = 1 : 4
93 : = 1 : 4

= 93 4 = 372

= 372 217 = 155


155

140 2

113-140

140

( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 11:06 AM

18.

EFGH
C 1 2
ABCD 1 3
ABCD
1 ABCD EFGH
B

A
F

12
14
14

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

141

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

141

19. A B C A
B 4 8 C
6

A 4 1
A 1 1
4
B 8 1
B 1 18
C 6 1
C 1 1
6
1 3
1 + 1 1 = 6+34 = 5
4 8 6
24
24
5
24 1
1 1 24 = 24 = 4 4
5
5
5
4 45

142

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

142

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

20. 44 4 : 2 : 5
20 25%
50%

4 + 2 + 5 = 11 11 44
1 44
11 = 4
25 4 = 1
100
50 2 = 1
100
1 + 1 = 2
1 4 2 = 2 4 = 8

= 20 8 = 12

= 5 4 = 20
12 12 100 = 60
20
60 60
21. 193 2883 5
(19)3 (288)3 5
1. (19)3 9 9 9 9
2. (288)3 8 8 8 2
3. 2 9 2 = 18 8
4. 8 5 3
(19)3 (288)3 5 3
3
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

143

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

143

22.
C
30

25

ABFE
FBD + BFC

<

FBD = 180 90 45 25 = 20
<
<

<

BFC = 180 30 45 90 = 15
FBD + BFC = 20 + 15
= 35
35

144

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

144

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

23.
39

14

20

16
3 : 1
()

= 16 = 4 4

= 3:1
= (3 4) : (1 4)
= 12 : 4

= 4 4 12
= 192

+ = 20 14 39
= 10,920

= 10,920 192
= 10,728
= 10,728 = 10.728 = 10.73
1,000

10.73

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

145

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

145

24.

ABCD E F
AD BC
ABCD
49

C
D
F
E
B

C
D
F
E
B

DB
BDF = FDC

( )

EDB

= EAB

BDF + EDB = FDC + EAB


= 12 ABCD
= 1 49
2
= 24.5
24.5

146

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

146

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

25. 0, 1, 3 5 4
3,000

3,000 3 5
3015 3051
3105 3150
3501 3510
5013 5031
5103 5130
5301 5310
12 3,000
12
26. 6 32
7, 8 9 41 10
39 7, 8, 9 10

6 = 6 32 = 192
9 = 41 9 = 369
7, 8 9 = 369 192 = 177
7, 8, 9 10 = 177 + 39 = 216
7, 8, 9 10 = 216
4
= 54
54

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

147

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

147

27. x : y = ( 1 a1 ) : ( y1 + a1 ) x y 0 a 0
x
y x = 2 xy = 8 a

x : y = ( 1 a1 ) : ( y1 + a1 )
x
x:y = ax : a+y
ax
ay
x : y = a x : a + y (
x
y
)
x = ax y
a+y
y
x
x = y(a x)
x(a + y)
y
x2(a + y) = y2(a x)
ax2 + x2y = ay2 xy2
xy2 + x2y = ay2 ax2
xy(y + x) = a(y2 x2)
xy(y + x) = a
y2 x2
xy(y + x)
(y x) (y + x) = a
xy = a
yx
8 = a
2
a = 4

148

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

148

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

28. A 5 2 6 3
8 5 9 6 A

... 5, 6, 8, 9 360
5, 6, 8, 9 360, 720
A 5 2 (A + 3) 5 (A + 3) 6, 8
9
5, 6, 8, 9 720
A + 3 = 720
A = 720 3
= 717
717

29. 3 A B C A B
5 7

A B 3 C 9

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

149

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

149

S
R
C
Q
5 A

7 B
V
3

U
9

PQT PRU
PT =
PU
PT
PT + 3 =

QT
RU
5
7
7PT = 5 (PT + 3)
7PT = 5PT + 15
2PT = 15
PT = 7 1
2

PQT PSV
SV = PV
PT
QT
1 +9
7
SV = 2
5
7 12
16 12
5
SV =
1
7 2
C 11
11
150

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

150

12/9/08, 11:07 AM

30. 1 1 4 + 4 1 7 + 7 1 10 + 10 1 13 + ... + 97 1 100

1 = 1 (1 1 )
3
4
14
1 = 1 ( 1 1)
7
17
3 4
1 ( 1 1 )
1
=
3 97 100
97 100
1
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... +
7

10
10

13
97

100
14 47
1 )
= 13 (1 1 + 1 1 + 1 101 + ... + 971 100
4 4 7 7
1 )
= 13 (1 100
99 = 33
= 13 100
100

33
100

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

151

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

151


2 ( 2)
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

141-161

153

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

2 ( 2)
.. 2550

1.
1
+ 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1 + 1 + 1
110 109 109 108 108 107 107 106
43 32 21

2.
6

3. 1 1,000
4.

5.

1 2
1 2

154

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

154

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

6.

<

<

O
OB 6
OC = CA, DCO = BOC
BOCD
3 = 1.732
()

7.
105 46,200
15
( = 227 )
8.

GABHC
HCG = 120
F
CAG = 70
ACB = 40
E 20
ABH = 140
BE = 22
8

14
G
100

A
70
B
140

40
C

D
10

9. 50%
( )

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

155

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

155

10.

3565

11. ABCD DGFE AB = 18 DG = 12


ACF
C

12.

1,200

960

1,040


13. 2 3
61 3 5 6

156

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

156

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

14. A B A
09.00 . B 10.30 . (12.00 .)
1
3
13.00 . A 16.00 . B

15. 23.00 . C A
B A 80 / A 03.00 .
B 23.00 . C 80 /
C 00.36 .
A

.
.
16. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 12
5

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

157

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

157

17. 14.00-15.00 . ()
() 14.30 .
18. 2006 4 : 7
690 2007 110
40% 2007
19. 8 194 1 38 + 105 195 109

)(

20.
1
1
2
3
4
17
18
19
20
33
34

2
5
6
7
8
21
22
23
24

3
9
10
11
12
25
26
27
28

4
13
14
15
16
29
30
31
32

2007

158

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

158

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

21. PQR
S PQ RS = PS = QR
QPR
S

R
A

22. ABC AB = 2BC


D AC DBC = BAC
DE//BC
CD : DE

23. x y 80 < x < 200 x = pq p q


p q ... x y 15015 ... x y
1 y
24.
40

y
z

xx

<

<

<

2x + y + z

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

159

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

159

25.
2 3 25
45 2 3 10

26. 30

14

16

18
8
7
6

1
3
27. A B
12 / 8 /
11 14 / A
B 5 12 A B
m 10n
3 = 1 (m + 5n)
28.
3
6
n
1.8 2n

0.2 0.3 = 1

...............
...............

m + 15n

160

141-161

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

160

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

29.
B

A B

A B

A
30.
5 / 7 /
A
2 B A B 160

5 /

7 /

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

141-161

161

12/9/08, 11:08 AM

161


2 ( 2)
.. 2550
-
- 30 1 30
- 1 30

162-196

163

12/9/08, 10:46 AM

2 ( 2)
.. 2550

1.
1
+ 1 + 1 + 1
+ ... + 1 + 1 + 1
110 109 109 108 108 107 107 106
43 32 21

1 = 1
2
21
1 + 1 = 1 + 1 = 3+1 = 4 = 2
21 32
6
2
6
3
6
1 + 1 + 1 = 1 + 1 + 1 = 6+2+1 = 9 = 3
12 4
2 6 12
21 32 43
12

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 4
5
21 32 43 54

1
1 + 1 + 1 + ... +
+ 1 + 1
+ 1
108

107
109

108
110 109
107 106
21 32 43

1 + 1
+ 1 + 1 + ... + 1 + 1 + 1
43 32 21
110 109 109 108 108 107 107 106

= 109
110
109
110

164

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

164

12/9/08, 10:46 AM

2.
6

105, 150, 501, 510


204, 240, 402, 420
303, 330
123, 132, 213, 231, 312, 321
411, 114, 141
222, 600
21

3. 1 1,000

1, 2, 3, ..., 9
10, 11, 12, ..., 99
100, 101, 102, ..., 999
1,000
(9 + 180 + 2,700 + 4)

9
90 2 = 180
900 3 = 2,700
4
2,893

2,893

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

165

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

165

4.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1 5 5 + 4 = 29
4 4 4 + 3 = 19
9 3 3 + 2 = 11
16 2 2 + 1 = 5
25 1 1 = 1
65

65

166

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

166

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

5.

1 2
1 2

x 2
2x
= 4x2

= (2x) (2x)

= x2

= 4x2 x2

= x2(4 )

= 4[ ( x2 )2]
= 4x2 x2

2
2
= 4x
4 = x
= x2(4 )

1 : 2

= x2(4 ) : x2(4 ) = 1 : 1

1 : 1

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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167

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167

6.

<

<

O
OB 6
OC = CA, DCO = BOC
BOCD
3 = 1.732
()
A
D
1234567890123456
C 1234567890123456
1234567890123456
1234567890123456

OD

1234567890123456
1234567890123456
1234567890123456
1234567890123456
1234567890123456
1234567890123456

BOCD
BOCD = 12 (BO + CD) OC
( CD) OCD; OD2 = OC2 + CD2
CD2 = OD2 OC2
OC = OB
2 OD = OB
CD2 = 36 9
CD = 3 3
CD = 3 1.732
BOCD

= 5.196
= 12 (6 + 5.196) 3
= 12 (11.196) 3
= 5.598 3
= 16.794

16.79
168

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

168

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

7.
105 46,200
15
( = 22 )
7

r
46,200
2r = 46,200

}
r

= 46,200 7 = 7,350
2 22

105 7,350
= 7,350 + 105
= 7,455

= 2(7,455)
= 2 22 7,455
7
= 46,860

15

= 46,860
15
= 3,124

3,124

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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169

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169

8.

GABHC
HCG = 120
F
CAG = 70
ACB = 40
E 20
ABH = 140
BE = 22
8

14
G
100

A
70
B
140

40

10

ABC = ABEF +

BCDE ACDF

= 1 12 (14 + 22) + 12 8 (22 + 10) 1 20 (10 + 14)


2
2
= 216 + 128 240 = 104
GABHC = 3 ABC ( )

= 3 104
= 312
312

170

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2 ( .. 2549-2550)

170

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

9. 50%
( )

W
WX

1
2

L + 1 L = 3 L
2
2

3 L(W X)
2
=

WL = 32 L(W X)
WL = 32 WL 32 XL
3 XL = 3 WL WL
2
2
2 )
X = ( 12 WL) ( 3L
= W
3
W W 1 100 = 33 1 %
3
3 W
3
33 13 % 33.33%

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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171

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171

10.

3565

1
4

2
7

3
10

4
...

= 3 (1) + 1 = 4

= 3 (2) + 1 = 7

= 3 (3) + 1 = 10

.
.
.
n 0 = 3(n) + 1
3(n) + 1 = 3565
3n

= 3565 1 = 3564
n
= 3564 = 1188
3
1188 3565

1188

172

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2 ( .. 2549-2550)

172

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

...

11. ABCD DGFE AB = 18 DG = 12


ACF
C

12

H
F6

18

12

ABHG = 18 30
ABC
AFG

= 540

= 12 18 18 = 162
= 12 30 12 = 180

= 1 12 6 = 36
2
ACF = 540 162 180 36 = 162
CHF

162

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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173

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173

12.

1,200

960

1,040

1 x , y z
3x + y = 1,200
...............
2y + z = 960
...............
x + y + z = 1,040
...............
;
x y = 80
...............
+ ;
4x = 1,280
x = 320
x ;
x y = 80
320 y = 80
y = 240
x, y ; 320 + 240 + z = 1,040
z = 1,040 560 = 480
2y + z + 2x = 2(240) + 480 + 2(320)
= 480 + 480 + 640 = 1,600
1,600
2 1 + 2 + 3 =

= 1,200 + 960 + 1,040


+ 1,040
= 1,200 + 960
2
= 1,600

1,600
174

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2 ( .. 2549-2550)

174

12/9/08, 10:47 AM

13. 2 3
61 3 5 6

x y
2 3 61

2x + 3y = 61

...............

3 5 6

3x = 5 + 6
y
y

y;

...............

3x = 5y + 6
3x 5y = 6

...............

5;

10x + 15y = 305

...............

3;

9x 15y = 18

...............

19x = 323
x = 17

x = 17 34 + 3y = 61
3y = 61 34
3y = 27
y = 9
17
9

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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175

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175

14. A B A
09.00 . B 10.30 . (12.00 .)
13
13.00 . A 16.00 . B

1
A B 12
A 09.00-12.00 . 13.00-16.00 .
A 3 + 3 = 6 A 6 1
2
A 3 12 36 = 14
B 10.30-12.00 . = 1 12
1 12 B 13 14 = 121
B 1 1 12
12
B 12 32 12 1 = 9
2
B 9 1 10
B 10.30 . 10 20.30 .
20.30 . 20 30

176

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

176

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

15. 23.00 . C A
B A 80 / A 03.00 .
B 23.00 . C 80 /
C 00.36 .
A

.
.

80 ./.

80 ./.

B A 4 80 /
A B = 80 4 = 320
B C = 1 36 = 1 35
B C = 85 80 = 128
A C = 320 + 128
= 448
. 448
= 112 /
4
B C
= 128 /

. 128 = 2
3
192
23.40 .

= 112 + 80 = 192 /
= 40

. 112 /
. 23.40 .
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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177

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

177

16. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 12
5

A
D

(Guess and Check)


1

12

A
5

10
4

A
3

10

11

12

12

3
A

C
1

10

162-196

11

4
E

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

178

10
C

E
11

178

11

12

5
C

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

17. 14.00-15.00 . ()
() 14.30 .

2
3

1 1

= 360

1 (5 ) = 30
12
14.30 . 180
360 30
180 30 180 = 15
360
a = 15
b = 90
14.30 . 15 + 90 = 105
105

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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179

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179

18. 2006 4 : 7
690 2007 110
40% 2007

690

3 = 690
1 = 230
4 = 920
7 = 1,610
1,610 110 = 1,500 = 60%
60% = 1,500
10% = 250
40% = 1,000
1,000 920 = 80
80
80

180

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

180

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

19. 8 194 1 38 + 105 195 109

)(

8 194 1 38 + 105 5 9
19 10

)(

[( )

] [(

8 + 4 1 3 + 105 + 195 109


19
8

2000 9
11
= ( 156
19 18 ) + ( 19 10 )
=

286 + 1800
57
19

286 + 5400
57

= 5686
57
= 99 43
57
99 43
57

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

181

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181

20.
1
1
2
3
4
17
18
19
20
33
34

2
5
6
7
8
21
22
23
24

3
9
10
11
12
25
26
27
28

4
13
14
15
16
29
30
31
32

2007

1, 2, 3, 4, ...
1 1 1 1, 2 2 2 2, 3 3 3 3, 4 4 4 4, ...
16 1
12
16 2 0
16
4
3

5
07
0
2
87
80
7

7 1 1 1 1, 2 2 2
2007 2

182

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

182

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

21. PQR
S PQ RS = PS = QR
QPR
P

P
x

S
2x

x
Q 2x

<

<

QPR = x
PRS = x
RSQ = 2x
<

(PS = RS, PSR )


(

RQS (RS = QR)


<

<

SQR = PRQ = 2x

PQR (PQ = PR)


<

PRQ = 2x
<

<

<

P + PQR + PRQ

= 180

x + 2x + 2x = 180
5x = 180
x = 36
36
2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

183

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183

22. ABC AB = 2BC


D AC DBC = BAC
DE//BC
CD : DE
A

<

<

<

<

<
<

<

BCD ABC (CBD = A, C , BDC = ABC)


CD = BC = 1
2
AB
BC
CD = 1 BC = 14 AB = 14 AC (AB = AC)
2
ADE ABC (A , CB//DE
ADE = ACB AED = ABC)
DE = AD
AC
BC
DE = AC CD
..................(AD = AC CD)
BC
AC
1
AC

4 AC = 3
=
4
AC
DE = 34 BC

<

CD : DE =

<

<

1 BC : 3 BC = 2 : 3
4
2

2 : 3
184

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

184

12/9/08, 10:48 AM

23. x y 80 < x < 200 x = pq p q


p q ... x y 15015 ... x y
1 y

... x y 1

...............

... x y 15015 = 3 5 7 11 13 ...............


80 < x < 200 x = pq p q
x
x = 7 13 x = 11 13
x y 1
x y ... 3 5 7 11 13
y x = 7 13 y = 3 5 11
x = 11 13 y = 3 5 7
y = 165 y = 105
y 165 + 105 = 270
270

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

185

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

185

24.
40

y
z

xx

<

<

<

2x + y + z

z + x = 90
z = 90 x ...............
z = y + 40 ...............
y + 40 = 90 x
2;
+ ;

x + y = 50

...............

2x + 2y = 100

...............

2x + 2y + z = y + 40 + 100
2x + y + z = 140

140

186

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

186

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

25.
2 3 25
45 2 3 10

x = 3( y2 ) + 2( y2 ) + 25
2x 5y = 50
...............
x = (2 45) + 3(y 45) + 10
x = 90 + 3y 135 + 10
2;
+ ;

3y x = 35

...............

6y 2x = 70

...............

y = 120

y
x = 325

325

120

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

187

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

187

26. 30

14

16

18

1
3

6
2

4
5

3 2

188

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

188

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

27. A B
12 / 8 /
11 14 / A
B 5 12 A B

A B

+ 3x = 5x
1 x2 121 + x 18 = 24x + 16x = 2x 48
48
2

( )( )

x = 4x
45 45
4
11
5 12 = 112 60 = 120

5x 4x = 11
48 45 120

720
75x 64x = 66
11x = 66
x = 6
A B 6

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

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189

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189

m 10n
3 = 1 (m + 5n)
28.
3
6
n 1.8 2n = 1

0.2
0.3
m + 15n

...............
...............


n = 35

n
1.8 2n = 1
0.2 0.3
10n 18 20n = 1
2
3
30n 36 + 40n = 6
70n
n = 42
70
10n
m 3
6
m 103 35
6

= 42
= 35
= 13 (m + 5n)

)=

1 m+ 5 3
3 [
5

( )]

m 2 = 1 (m + 3)
3
6
m 2 = 2(m + 3)
m 2 = 2m + 6
m = 2m + 8
m = 8
m + 15n = 8 + 15 35
= 1

( )

1
190

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

190

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

29.
B

A B

A B

A
B

A
B

A
B

A
B

A
B

A
B

A B 16

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

191

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

191

30.
5 / 7 /
A
2 B A B 160

5 /

7 /

5 /
7 /
5 : 7
5 : 7
= 12
1

5 /

7 /

A 7 ()
2 5 2
192

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

192

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

5 /

7 /

2 2 7
5 B
3

5 /

7 /

A B = 160
A B = 4
4 = 160
1 = 40

12 = 12 40
= 480
480

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

193

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

193

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

194

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

194

12/9/08, 10:49 AM

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

195

12/9/08, 10:50 AM

195

26.
27.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
196

162-196

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

196

12/9/08, 10:50 AM

2 ( .. 2549-2550)

162-196

197

12/9/08, 10:50 AM

197