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# Compaction of Asphalt Road Pavements

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Estimation of the initialHMA material temperatures

In order to simulate compaction of asphalt layers it is important to know what the

temperature of the material is during compaction. Therefore the cooling of the layer

was modeled. An important quantity during (modeling) such a cooling process is the

initial material temperature during paving. This appendix shows the figures that are

used to estimate the initial HMA material temperature of the two test layers of the test

sections at two locations. The completeprocedure is described in Section 5.2.

The following relation is used for estimating the initial material temperatures:

air

I

t

S

c

HMA

T

T

)

(

_

10

In which:

THMA_c= current HMA material temperature in °C

S

= estimated slope of the model

I

=estimated intercept of the model

t

= time in minutes after spreading

Tair

= current air temperature in °C

Log-linear regression through obtained temperature data in order to obtain the initial

HMAmaterial temperature, paved layers 2 and 3, thermo couples 1 and 2, position;

middle. Estimating the initial material asphalt temperatures from extrapolation of the

temperature readings in the middle of the layer (i.e. h = 25 mm).

layer 2, couple 1

y = -0,0095x + 2,1288

R2

= 0,997

1,70

1,75

1,80

1,85

1,90

1,95

2,00

2,05

2,10

0,00

10,00

20,00

30,00

40,00

50,00

Logarithm

of delta Tem

p.

Figure 0.1 Temperatures measured in layer 2, thermocouple location 1.

233

AppendixI

layer 2, couple 2

y = -0.0105x + 2.1223

R2

= 0.9948

1.70

1.75

1.80

1.85

1.90

1.95

2.00

2.05

2.10

0.00

10.00

20.00

30.00

40.00

50.00

Logarithm

of delta Tem

p.

Figure 0.2Temperatures measured in layer 2, thermocouple location 2.

layer3, couple 2

y = -0.0093x + 2.1127

R2

= 0.996

1.70

1.75

1.80

1.85

1.90

1.95

2.00

2.05

2.10

0.00

10.00

20.00

30.00

40.00

50.00

Logarithm

of delta Tem

p.

Figure 0.3Temperatures measured in layer 3, thermocouple location 1.

234

AppendixI

layer 3, couple 2

y = -0.0114x + 2.0743

R2

= 0.9934

1.70

1.75

1.80

1.85

1.90

1.95

2.00

2.05

2.10

0.00

10.00

20.00

30.00

40.00

Logarithm

of delta Tem

p.

Figure 0.4 Temperatures measured in layer 3, thermocouple location 2.

235

AppendixI

236

AppendixJ

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