Pub. No.

M/U/OO7

USER HANDBOOK

FOR

PRC 320/1 & PRC 320/1 - 100W H.F. SSB RADIO STATIONS

© 1978 The PlesseyCompany Limited.
The information contained herein is the propertv of The PlesseyCompany Limited and is not to be disclosed or used either in whole or in part without the prior written permission of The PlesseyCompany Limited.

Issued by
THE PLESSEY COMPANY LIMITED PLESSEY AVIONICS & COMMUNICATIONS ILFORD, ESSEX IG1 4AQ, ENGLAND Telephone: 01·4783040 Telex: 23166

FIRST AID IN CASE OF ELECTRIC EXHALED AIR METHOD

SHOCK

1. SWITCH OFF. If this is not possible, PROTECT YOURSELF with dry insulating material and pull the victim clear of the conductor.

DON'T TOUCH THE VICTIM WITH YOUR BARE HANDS until he is clear of the conductor, but DON'T WASTE TIME. 2. (a) Lay the patient on his back. Quickly loosen waist band and clothing round neck. If his mouth is open, sweep a finger through his mouth to clear obstruction and remove loose dentures.

(b) head hand other

Lift the head and tilt the backwards by putting one underneath the neck and the on the crown of the head.

(c) Hold the head tilted as far back as possible and lift up the jaw firmly, closing the lips. This keeps the victim's airway clear by straightening the breathing passage. (d) Take a deep breath. Open your mouth as wide as. you can. Seal your lips on the victim's cheeks around his nose. Blow air into his nose until you see the ~hest rise (inspiration).

ii

(e) Remove your mouth to let him breathe out; his chest will fall (expiration). (f) Take another deep breath and blow again as soon as he has exhaled, and continue inflations 10 to 15 times a minute. (This is a little slower than the normal rate of 18). The movement of the victim's chest provides visual confirmation of the success of your efforts.

3. If you fail with the nasal route, try the mouth as follows:Lift the jaw and hold his mouth open slightly as you blow, keeping the head tilted well back with the other hand. Seal your lips around his opened mouth and press your cheek against his nostrils to stop air leakage, and blow until you see the chest rise. Continue as described in (e) and (f) above until normal breathing returns or medical assistance becomes available. DO NOT GIVE LIQUIDS UNTIL VICTIM IS CONSCIOUS NOTE: If after 5 or 6 effective inflations of the patient's lungs there is:-

iii

in the neck or .(i) (ii) no improvement in the colour of the face and lips no constriction of the dilated pupils (iii) no pulse to be felt . this means that the heart is not beating. elsewhere. Carry out EXTERNAL CARDIAC MASSAGE (see page v) iv .

EXTERNAL CARDIAC MASAGE 1. (a) Lay the victim on his back on the ground or on some other firm surface. heel of one hand, with the it, on the lower part of the bone) in the mid line of the 1 on following page.

(b) Place the other on top of sternum (breast chest: see Note

(c) Apply firm pressure vertically downwards, aided by the weight of the body, about 60 times a minute. (d) At the end of each pressure stroke lift the hands slightly to allow full recoil of the victim's chest. (e) Use sufficient pressure to depress the sternum an inch or so,towards the vertebral column (spine). 2. Artificial respiration must continue simultaneously with external cardiac massage at the rate of about 5 compressions of the he,art to one inflation of the lungs.

v

3. Massage should continue until the victim's pulse is clearly felt and the colour returns to normal, or until medical assistance arrives.
Notes:
1.

Do not attempt cardiac massage if there is obvious damage to the victim's chest wall. There is a real danger of damage to internal organs by the improper use of external cardiac massage. Particular care must be taken with infants and small children, with whom much less pressure is required to depress the sternum than in the case of adults. In these cases the fingers should be used in preference to the palms of the hands.

2.

3.

vi

FOREWORD

This User Handbook is designed for use by the non-technical operator and contains operating instructions and simple field maintenance and fault-finding procedures for radio stations based on the PRC320/1. The Handbook is in two parts, Part 1 containing information on the basic PRC320/1 (30W output), which can be used as a manpack, vehicle or ground station, and Part 2 containing information on the PRC320/1-100W derivative (100W output), which can be used as a vehicle or ground station. LIST OF ASSOCIATED Radio Radio Radio Radio Radio Radio Station UK/VRC321 Station UK/VRC322 Station UK/PRC350 Station UK/PRC351 Station UK/VRC353 Station UK/PRC344 PUBLICATIONS Army Code 61253 61255 61124 61128 61393 61351 61172

and UK/PRC352

Clansman Clansman

Radio Control Harness Audio Accessories Batteries

) )

C·lansman Secondary Adaptor, Clansman Telegraph,

and Battery Charging level

61394 61466 61388 NYA NYA NYA

Radio low/high

VHF Antennas

Test Set, Audio, Radio Audio Accessories Test set, Condition 'Clansman Radio' Test Set, Harness Connectors Clansman

vii

3 1.19 2.3 2.4m Mast Antenna Counterpoise Ground Wave Vertical Antennas Sky Wave Dipole and End-Fed Antennas Remote Operation Speech Operation Nor-seOperation Rebroadcasting 13 16 16 19 20 20 20 25 28 36 36 39 40 30 30 .12 2.4 1.6 1.F.8 2.7 Introduction Purpose Description Technical Data Battery Charging Facilities Vehicle Installation Construction OPERATING INFORMATION 1 3 5 5 6 CHAPTER TWO 2.1 2.13 2.5 2.4 2.18 2.21 viii Basic Station and Ancillary Equipment Assembly of Station Fitting RT320/1 to Carrier Connecting battery to RT320/1 Assembling Manpack Carrying Position Operating Information Antenna Tuning 5. SSB 30W RADIO STATIONS CONTENTS Page CHAPTER ONE 1• 1 PURPOSE AND PLANNING INFOR:tJIATION 1.2 1.5 1 .2 2.20 2.7 2.PART 1 PRC320/1 H.6 2.10 2.

5.3 5.22 2.5.5.5.4 CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE AND FUNCTIONAL CHECKS 53 53 5.2 5.5.6 General Functional Checks Battery Check Frequency Check Operating Mode Checks AM Reception AM Transmission SSB Reception SSB Transmission CW Reception CW Transmission TABLES Radio Station PRC320/1 Items 55 55 57 59 60 61 56 56 58 62 63 CHAPTER ONE 8 ix .3 5.2 5.25 Battery Charging Units Hand Generator A.C. Charging Unit D.4 5.24 2. Charging Units Working to Other Radios USE OF RADIO IN A VEHICLE Page 41 44 46 47 CHAPTER THREE Introduction Installation Fitting RT320/1 Operation CHAPTER FOUR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE 49 49 50 50 General Maintenance Instructions CHAPTER FIVE 5.1 5.5.C.1 5.5 5.23 2.2.5 5.

Fitting RT320/1 to Carrier Fitting Battery Fitting Battery Cables Assembling Manpack Operating Information ATU Range and Loading and Dipole Elements Tables Erection of 5. No.14. Charging Unit D.4m Mast with Ground Wave Vertical Antennas Dipole Configurations Using Antenna Feeder Cable Examples of Other Dipole Configurations· Example of End-Fed Antenna Remote Operation Local Rebroadcast Interconnections PRC320/1 with Hand Generator A.c Basic Station and Ancillary 3 4a 4b 5 6 )7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 CHAPTER 20 21 22 .LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Fig. 15 16 17 18 19 22.C.4m Mast with Wire Antenna Antenna Counterpoise 5.23 24 27 29 31 33 35 36 37 40 41 43 45 47 48 51 52 x .b. 1 The PRC320/1 Manpack Equipment Page xii CHAPTER TWO 2a. Chargin~ Unit Working to Other Radios THREE Vehicle Harness Interface PV1316 Vehicle Whip Antenna Installation in a Vehicle 13.C.

23 24 26 27 28 25 AM Reception Check AM Transmission Check SSB Reception Check SSB Transmission Check CW Reception Check CW Transmission Check Page 58 59 60 61 62 63 xi .CHAPTER FIVE Fig. No.

Fig. 1 .

over the kind of country found in Western Europe. The basic manpack weighs about 11kg. The PRC320/1 operates in the SSB. The PRC320/1 and its ancillaries are suitable for use in combat conditions anywhere in the world. A hand generator. PURPOSE 1. AM or CW modes and can be used as a manpack. A headset assembly. . and d.CHAPTER ONE PURPOSE AND PLANNING INFORMATION INTRODUCTION 1. the PRC320/1 is primarily a manpack radio operating in the SSB mode. day or night. The RT320/1 is fully sealed and operates from a clip-on 24V secondary battery.2 Although it can be used as a ground station or vehicle radio. a simple to operate lightweight trnasmitter/ receiver operating in the 2 to 30 MHz range with operating frequency selection at 1 kHz intervals. ground station or vehicle radio.c. DESCRIPTION 1. charging units are also available as ancillaries. a. including its carrier.3 As a manpack radio with a whip antenna. handset and morse key are provided as basic items.c. the PRC320/1 provides reliable ground wave SSB communication for distances of up to 35km.1 The Radio Station PRC320/1 is based on the RT320/1.

including intercommunication and call facilities. charging unit. 2 . Manual rebroadcast facilities can be obtained in conjunction with units of the Clansman radio control harness. The manpack carrier is used to mount the radio in a vehicle.c.9m vertical antenna. Remote control. No harm is done if the shield is left fitted to the radio when it is not needed.As a ground station with a 7. As a vehicle radio. A solar shield is available to protect the radio from direction radiation by the sun. it provides ground wave communication for distances up to 50km. the PRC320/1 can be operated independently or through the vehicle control harness. The radio must be run from i ts own battery and not directly from the vehicle supply. These ranges are dependent on the choice of frequency. Its operating characteristics are similar to those of the manpack. the radio battery can be float charged by means of a d. Local/Remote and various alternative remote units. As a ground station using an end-fed or dipole antenna with optimum choice of frequency. the sky wave range is several thousand kilometres. is available in conjunction with the Control Radio Set. However.

The frequency indicated by the decade switches is: a. b. The suppressed carrier frequency on LSB and USB. The radiated frequency on CWo 1.7 kHz AM Key : CW (double sideband) 6 kHz 2.7 kHz USB (upper sideband) 2. 1 ppm Voice: LSB (lower sideband 2. c. The carrier frequency on AM.7 kHz Operating Temperature 3 .TECHNICAL DATA Range Control 2 to 30 MHz From built-in frequency synthesizer and reference oscillator.4 Frequency Frequency Frequency Indication Frequency Selection Frequency Stabili ty Operating Modes and Bandwid th In increments of 1 kHz by means of five decade switches.

signal when used with cable assembly non-reversible connector.c.c.8uV for 10dB (S+N)/N 7mW into 100 ohms (less than 10% distortion) High Power Low Power 30W 10W 3W 1W p. mean Power Consumptiom (Average) Power Supplies Receive Transmit 3.8uV for 10dB (S+N)/N 0.p.p mean p.c. 24V d. 3. 24V d. batteries a special fi t t ed with polarity 4 . 1Ah secondary battery normally used with hand eenerator which can power the radio for long periods.3uV at 30% mod for 10dB (S+N)/N 0.Environmental Protection Receiver Sensitivity LSB USB AM Fully sealed CW Audio Output Transmitter Power 0.3Ah secondary battery which provides 12 hours of operation on a 1:9 transmit/receive ratio.e.8uV for 10dB (S+N)/N 3.e.6W 40W 24V d.

5 .C.C.3Ah or 1Ah battery.c. The approximate times for charging batteries from flai. source and provide a constant current charge output. supply. The units are intended primarily to float charge the radio battery in vehicle installations.3Ah 1Ah 4 hours l~hours Charging control is automatic and overcharging or battery damage cannot occur. its carrier frame is clipped to a mounting rack. which clips on to the RT320/1 and battery. The Hand Generator.3Ah or 1Ah batteries simultaneously.c.5 The 14V or 28V D. The radio must not be powered directly from the vehicle supply since this could cause damage. are:3.c. will maintain the charge state of the battery for an indefinite period with a normal transmit/receive ratio of 1 :9. charging unit. It operates from a 100-125V or 200-250V 50-60 Hz a. They operate from a nominal 14V or 28V d.c. using either a d.c.6 When the PRC320/1 is installed in a vehicle. The battery may be float charged by the d. Charging Unit will recharge up to 16 Clansman 3. Charging Units can charge one Clansman 3. or an a. The A. VEHICLE INSTALLATION 1.BATTERY CHARGING FACILITIES 1. charging unit from the vehicle supply.

4m and is fitted to the RT320/1 using the antenna adaptor. The 5. it can be packed into a reinforced fabric case for ease of transportation.7 The transmitter/receiver (RT320/1) is contained in a sealed light alloy case. Assembly details are shown in Fig. A 3m antenna can be obtained by omission of the top section of the tubing.4m mast and adaptor to provide a 7. The RT320/1 is mounted on a lightweight carrier and the battery is clipped to the bottom of the case of ~he transmitter/receiver. CONSTRUCTION 1. All controls are mounted on the front panel and external connectors on the top and rear panel. or connected via a harness adaptor into the vehicle harness and operated through a control. The whip antenna can also be used with a 5.4m mast consists of six tubular fibreglass sections (approximately 1m in length) together with supporting guys and other accessories. local/remote (see Chapter 3).8 (page 27). to a sprung base mounted on the vehicle. The vehicle whip antenna comprises four sections of spring steel tubing which screw together.9m vertical antenna for ground station use. it has an over. The manpack whip antenna comprises eight sections of tubing threaded on a cord to facilitate assembly. In both cases the radio is connected to the vehicle whip antenna. Projections around the front and rear panels protect the controls and connectors. handset or morse key plugged in direct.all length of 2. the antenna has an overall length of 4m and is fitted. radio set. When assembled. via an adaptor. When assembled. When dismantled. 6 .The radio can be operated with a headset.

A short lead joined to the wires on the bobbin provides an external connection. 7 . Two wire antennas can be used as a dipole. a 40m throwing cord is attached to the bobbin. five and ten metre intervals to facilitate measurement of the required antenna length. in conjunction with a dipole centre junction and antenna feeder cable. The antenna counterpoise comprises four 9m lengths of insulated wire attached to a bobbin on which they are wound when not in use. The braid has coloured markers at one.The wire antenna consists of 47m of insulated braid wound on a bobbin.

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c in which they are referred to by their common names.2a.2a HEAJ)SET WHIP ADAPTOR Basic Station and Ancillary Equipment 13 .b.3Ah PRESSEL Fig.CHAPTER TWO OPERATING INFORMATION BASIC STATION AND ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT 2. MANPACK CARRIER ! WHIP .1 The items comprising the basic station and its ancillary equipment are illustrated in Fig.ANTENNA BATTERY 3.

2b 14 Basic Station and Ancillary Equipment .HANDSET HAND GENERATOR lAh BATTERY Fig.

~ J ~ \ 5..2c Basic Station and Ancillary Equipment I 15 .WIRE .ANTENNA ~ COUNTERPOISE DIPOLE CENTRE JUNCTION .4m MAST /\ // - \ \ - / ~/ \ I ---------------------------------~ Fig.

3.3 Connecting battery to RT320/1 (Fig.2 Fitting RT320/1 to carrier (Fig. Proceed as follows:2. CARRIER RT320/1 CAPrlVE SCREWS Fig. turn the transmitter power switch to OFF. 2.1 At the RT320/1.1 Secure the RT320/1 to the carrier by means of the four captive screws.4a Proceed as follows:- b).3).ASSEMBLY OF STATION 2.2.3 Fitting RT320/1 to Carrier & 2. 16 .

fit the battery to the RT320/1 so that the contacts of both engage and then secure the retaining latches. ~---' I ".3. connect the battery with the battery extension cable.2 Lift the battery retaining latches of the RT320/1.7 .::::: ----~ : --. ensuring that the plug and socket are correctly orientated on the battery and RT320/1 respectively by means of the locating studs and that the plug and socket securing screws are tightened.. 3Ah 24V BATTERY "_~--.. 1.3.3 If it is required to operate the RT320/1 with the battery separated. CLANSMAN 3.. I I I I I I I I I I ~ -- ---- ..c:'-_---'_' .2._j" I ~ ~ Fig. I __ "~( ___ : ~.4a Fitting Battery 2.__'_-.

the socket securing screw is tightened and the red and black leads are connected to the battery positive and negative terminals respectively.2. connect the battery with the external supply cable.3.4 If it is required to operate the RT320/1 with a 24V signal battery.4b 18 Fitting Battery Cables . ensuring that the socket is correctly orientated on the RT320/1. BATrERY CONNECTOR BATrERY EXTENSION CABLE ~ CLANSMAN 24V / Fig.

Slip ferrule over antenna base. Fig. pullout cord.5 Assembling Manpack 19 . ASSEMBLE AND FIT WHIP ANTENNA Fit together eight antenna sections. Proceed as shown in Fig.5 WHIP ANTENNA 1.2. 4. Fit whip adaptor and antenna. FIT SOLAR SHIELD IF REQUIRED)In strong sunlight fit solar shield so top just clears antenna socket. Set antenna to its operational (vertical) position. Slip ferrule over cord. KEY (IF FITTED) Adjust screw G for key gap and screw T for tension to obtain required operator 'feel'.4 Assembling manpack. hold ferrule in one hand and rotate antenna to wind cord round its base. HEADSET/HANDSET/MORSE KEY used.

The method of using the tables is as follows:2. e.6 Set up and tune the PRC320/1 as shown in Fig.7.1 (page xii). as shown in the ATU RANGE AND LOADING TABLE (Fig.7 The settings of the RANGE AND LOAD SWITCHES on the RT320/1 antenna tuning unit (ATU) are determined by the operating frequency and the type of antenna (various configurations are described in para.CARRYING POSITION 2. page 24) on the equipment case.5m vertical antenna and Band 2 with the vehicle 3m and 4m whip antennas. Complete the tuning procedure as indicated in Fig. Band 6 with the 5. ANTENNA TUNING 2.7. 20 .5 The correction carrying position for the manpack is as shown in Fig.2.7.g. also illustrated in Fig.6.12 to 2. OPERATING INFORMATION 2. set the switches to B and the position between 6 and 9 inclusive which enables the highest meter reading to be achieved when adjusting the TUNE control.17).763 MHz.9m vertical antenna. if the operating frequency is 5. When using the 7.1 Determine which block in the appropriate ANTENNA column corresponds with the selected operating frequency in the FREQ MHz column and initially set the RANGE and LOAD switches respectively to the letter and number given in the block. Switch settings for V dipole and vehicle 4m whip antennas are not given in this table and form the subject of a separate table.6. commence tunirrgwith the switches set to Band 3 respectively when using the manpack whip antenna.

set the antenna length and the switches according to the table. set the length of each element to 11. antenna tuning is performed solely by adjusting the length of each dipole element to the nearest frequency listed in the table.4 In the case of a dipole antenna in which the elements are connected directly to the RT320/1 (V dipole). for a frequency of 5.3 In the case of a dipole antenna using a dipole centre junction and antenna feeder cable.5 metres.7. Set the switches to C and the position between 5 and 7 inclusive which enables the highest meter reading to be achieved when adjusting the TUNE control. e. set each dipole element to a length of 11.g. 2.2 In the case of an end-fed antenna. for a frequency of 5.763 MHz set the antenna to a length of 32 metres and the switches toC and 7.5 metres. Complete the tuning procedure as indicated in Fig.g. Complete the tuning procedure as indicated in Fig.763 MHz. for a frequency of 5. 21 . e.763 MHz.2.g. 2.7.6. the switches are set as shown in addition to adjusting the element lengths.6.7. e.

q 1. Release pressel. (The first mark is zero).6 Operating Information . If needle was below second mark.. Re-adjust TUNE control for maximum reading and release pressel.. Check meter needle registers on or above second mark. Adjust LOAD switch for maximum reading. TUNE ANTENNA TUNING UNIT (ATU) Set to ANT..2. Set RANGE and LOAD switches to suit antenna and frequency (see para. SELECT FREQUENCY Set switches (shown set to 5. • · · 3. Set FREQUENCY RANGE switch (no stop fitted) to corresponding frequency band. selecting lower number position if two give same reading. Depress pressel/morse key and adjust TUNE control for maximum reading.763 MHz) to required frequency (stop at zero positions enables frequency to be set by touch in dark). • • 2. replace battery.7). 22 Fig. CHECK BATTERY Set to BATT CHK and CWo Depress pressel/morse key. Tone heard in headset/handset ceases when correct band selected and frequency ~ .

RECHECK BATTERY Repeat operati6n 1. "depress pressel and speak into microphone when in speech mode. 23 . SELECT TRANSMITTER POWER Set to LP (low power) or HP (high power) as required. release pressel/morse key. To receive. 6. Sidetone heard in every mode. or operate morse key when in CW mode. 5. 8. COMMUNICATE To transmit.4. 7. ADJUST VOLUME Adjust GAIN control for required volume of received signal. SELECT MODE Set to LSB. USB or AM for speech and CW for morse.

....30. . LI NGTH Ml TRI. • .. . • .7 24 ATU Range and Loading and Dipole Elements Tables .. -- D 4 . II 0 0 q0 8 25 f 8 4 2 9 11: 0 " ..~ 13 12 5 5 fRIO MHl 12 1J 1h 18 20 22 LI NG T H MI TRt:'> 55 20 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 6 8 0 0 31 0 28 5 34 26 0 II 5 5 3 6 24 5 23 0 21 0 19 0 70 0 5 17 0 15 0 75 80 90 10 0 11 0 10 75 10 0 9 25 8 75 f> 75 60 s 0 0 0 0 0 24 0 2& 0 28 0 " ) J J 25 J0 29 2b 75 5 75 5 30 0 25 Fig.. .. -~ ~20 • 2 B 9 4 C 9 C q 3 3 1 C 3 3 C 7 C 4 ~ cs q ~ 9 ~ ~ ~ ~ 6 . .. . . ILlM£NT<. . 80 7 75 7 25 OIPOLI fRIO MHl 50 55 60 (.. .. 2b 0 2I 5 18 Jb 5 0 C 6 7 D D -.. .ATU RANGf AND LOADING I NO .. 4 B 6 B 8 B 6 B .. .18 U 32 0 27 20 18 15 5 23 0 0 5 5 1J 0 12 10 5 D D D D H • fREO MHl LENGTH METRES -- .f I D RANGf _ UNGTH MFTRIS 29 0 V DIPOLE 5 WHIP ANT.0 -.VEH FREO MHz _2_ 4M A 2 WHIP ANT (MAN) VERTICAL ANHNNA ) ~) 7 '1M M A 6 A 6 WHIP ANT VEH.5... 3M A 2 C -- A B 2 7 9 1 . ..

mast assembly (adaptor) 640/1/14989 (5820-99-621-9020) Plate.9. Fig.9 To assemble and erect the mast.5.10 page 31) 2.9m and 5.1 Remove all items from the case and fit together the six sections.4m mast forms the basis of the 7.8 page 27. For ease of transport.8 The 5. interposing a guy 25 . are supported by three pairs of guys. proceed as follows:2. guy (guy plate) 640/2/14993 (5820-99-621-9021) Former 640/2/14994 (5820-99-621-9022) Plate. It comprises six tubular sections which.5m vertical antennas used for ground wave operation and can also be used as a support for various dipole and end-fed antenna configurations. 640/1/14979 (5820-99-621-9027) containing the following items:Mast section assembly (section) 640/1/14980 (5820-99-621-9017) Guy assembly (guy) 640/1/14983 (5820-99-621-9018) Stake. when fitted together. tie (tie plate) 640/2/14995 (5820-99-621-9023) Case. the mast is supplied as a kit. peg assembly (stake) 640/1/14986 (4030-99-621-9019) Adaptor.4M MAST (Fig. mast (case) 640/4/14996 (5820-99-621-9024) 6 off 6 off 5 off 1 off 2 off 3 off 1 off 1 off 2.

equally spaced in a circle of 6m diameter.9. Locate the . If the mast is to support a wire dipole or end-fed antenna. 2.5. In soft ground.4m whip antenna into the adaptor.2 Fit to the top of the mast the second guy plate and: a. Drive into the ground three of the stakes.toggles so that they will not pull through the holes when the guys are under tens~on. 2.3 Remove the guys from the formers on which they are wound and feed the guy toggles through the underside of the elongated holes in the guy plates.9m vertical antenna add the adaptor complete with down lead and then fit the 2. 2. 26 .2. dig holes for the stakes and embed them to a depth sufficient to withstand the tension of the guys. If the mast is to be used for a 7. If the mast is to be used for a 5.9.4.13) through the top of the circular'holes in the upper and lower guy plates. feed the throwing cord of the wire antenna (para.5m vertical antenna add the adaptor complete with down lead.9. b. feed the adaptor down lead through the guy plates. If the mast is to be used as a vertical antenna.plate between the third and fourth and the tie plate between the two lowermost sections. 2.9.

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27

2.9.6. Stand the base of the mast on the reinforced lid of the case in the centre of the circle and attach the loop at the end of the upper and lower guy of each pair to a stake by means of its hook. Tighten the guys to maintain the mast in a vertical position. 2.9.7. If the mast is to support a wire dipole or end-fed antenna, pull the throwing cord of the wire antenna tight and tie off round the tie plate.

ANTENNA 'COUNTERPOISE (Fig.9, page 29) 2.10 The antenna counterpoise provides an artificial earth for all antennas when used on ground of poor conductivity such as desert or frozen snow and ice and should always be used with the ground wave vertical and end-fed antennas. In use, the four wires are spread radially around the RT320/1 and the short lead is connected to the earth terminal of the RT320/1. The counterpoise should always be used if doubtful about the ground conditions, because its use will never reduce performance and will often improve it.

28

2.11 The setting up procedure for the RT320/1 when used in conjunction with the counterpoise is as shown in Fig.6 but if the counterpoise is added after setting up, the equipment should be retuned.

ANTENNA TERMINAL

'.

I...

Fig.9

Antenna

Counterpoise 29

5m and the 7.2. SKY WAVE DIPOLE AND END-FED ANTENNAS (Fig. except within the dead spots shown hatched in the ATU RANGE AND LOADING table. at five metre intervals with two yellow markers and at ten metre intervals with three blue markers.10). each using two wire antennas. In these cases. it is wound on a bobbin equipped with a throwing cord. but in tropical areas the antenna should run N . This comprises 47m of insulated braid.er distances up to 300km. as shown.35.GROUND WAVE VERTICAL ANTENNAS (Fig. marked at one metre intervals with one green marker.2.13 For sky wave operation the RT320/1 can use either a dipole on an end-fed antenna. an end-fed antenna should be used.12 For ground wave operation the RT320/1 uses vertical antennas based on the 5. as described in para. The antenna counterpoise must be used with these antennas (see para. and the setting up procedure is as shown in Fig. In both the 5. are possible.9m antennas the down lead is connected to the RT320/1 antenna terminal.11 .13 Pages 33.12.36) 2.10) 2.4m mast (see para. both based on the wire antenna.17.14 Various dipole configurations.9 on page 25).S for the lowest unwanted noise level.2. Both antennas can be used throughout the frequency range of the equipment. In each case the direction of the antenna is not critical for communication ov. 2. For distances greater than 300km the antenna should be erected broadside on to the direction of communication. 30 .6.

WHIP < ~OISE .> /ANTENNA ANTENNA Fig.4 Mast with Ground Vertical Antennas Wave 31 .10 5.

2.15 The dipole configurations which give best results at maximum range are shown in Fig.5 Remove the coaxial link between the RT320/1 INT TUNER and T/R sockets and connect the latter to the dipole centre junction by means of the antenna feeder cable.15. such as a jack knife. The bobbins of the wire antennas are supported by securing the throwing cords to the spare stakes included in the mast kit.2 Unwind the required lengths of antenna wire from each bobbin and tie off with a double loop or clove hitch so that the coloured length marked is just free of the knot. Tie off the cord in the same way as the antenna wire.1 Establish the required length of each dipole element from the table on the case of the RT320/1. on the throwing cord to get the wire or cord through the branches of the tree.2.11 (the side of a house or wall could be used instead of a tree). Ensure that no strain is applied to the terminals and 32 . This dipole is erected as shown in Fig.4m mast is available to support the antenna.15.11.15.4 When only a 5. 2. The setting up procedure for these configurations is as follows:2. using a suitable weight.t5. 2. 2. a centre supported dipole can be used.15.3 Erect the horizontal dipole as shown in Fig.11 and the dipole centre junction is secured to the top of the mast with a length of cord.

11 Dipole Configurations using Antenna Feeder Cable 33 .Fig.

34 . but do not tune the ATU (operation 3) as. as shown.6 (pages 22 and 23). 2. 2.6 Set up the equipment as shown in Fig.7 (page 24). The lengths of the dipole elements are specified in the table on the radio set (also shown in Fig. antenna matching is provided solely by the lengths of the dipole elements. using the RANGE and LOAD switch settings given for the V dipole in Fig.6 (pages 22 and 23). in this configuration.12. the coaxial link between the INT TUNER and T/R sockets remains fitted and the wire antenna ends are connected directly to the RT320/1 antenna and earth terminals as shown.7.15. page 24).coaxial socket of the dipole centre junction by looping the antenna wires through" its lugs and suspending the antenna feeder cable from it by means of the loop of cord attached to the cable. In these examples the dipole centre junction and antenna feeder cable are not used. The equipment is set up as shown in Fig.16 Examples of other dipole configurations are given in Fig.

..... -.12 Examples of other Dipole Configurations 35 .'~ Fig.-...

7. page 24).10).13. page 37) 2. uses one antenna wire connected to the RT320/1 antenna terminal and can be supported by a mast or a wall. connected to audio 36 . 2.LSB or USB).18 The PRC320/1 can be operated remotely from a distance of up to 3km by the use of other items from the Clansman range of equipment. instead of a tree. For operation in a speech mode (AM.6 (pages 22 and 23) using the RANGE and LOAD switch settings given in the table. local/remote (CRL/R) at the local position.2. After setting the antenna length. as specified in the END-FED column of the ATU RANGE AND LOADING table (Fig. the equipment is set up as shown in Fig. Fig. radio set. the PRC320/1 is used in conjunction with a control.13 Example of End-Fed Antenna REMOTE OPERATION (Fig. The antenna counterpoise must be used with this antenna (see para.2. an example of which is shown in Fig.19 Speech operation.17 The end-fed antenna.14.

Fig.LOCAL HANDSET OR HEADSET --- >.14 RemoteOp~ration 37 .

d.socket SKB of the RT320/1 and by up to 3km of D10 cable to a remote control handset at the remote position.2 At the RT320/1. as shown.Intercommunication between both operators on operation of their respective pressels.RT320/1 controlled by remote operator's pressel.19.Local operator calls remote by a tone. Both operators hear received signal and transmitter sidetone. The equipment is now ready for operation from either the local or the remote position. c. LSB or USB). Army Code No. Both operators hear received signal and transmitter sidetone. Both operators hear received signal superimposed on their intercommunication. LOCAL . the facilities privided in each position of which are as follows:a. depending on the setting of the CRL/R function swtich.1 Set the CRL/R function switch to LOCAL and set up the RT320/1 as shown in Fig. 61172). (Remote operator can call 38 . I/C .19. Switch spring loaded to return to r/c position. select the required speech mode (AM. but local operator can override remote operator by operating his pressel. (Details of the method of connecting D10 cable to the handset are given in the User Handbook for Clansman Radio Control Harness. b. CALL . REM .RT320/1 controlled by local operator's pressei.6 (pages 22 and 23). 2. The setting up and operating procedure is as follows:2.

To call the local operator.20. LSB or USB. is as follows:2. 2. 2. The equipment is now ready for operation in the CW mode and can be controlled from either the local or the remote position by means of the CRL/R function switch.2 Set the function switch to MORSE. set the WORKING control to obtain the required volume in the remote headset or handset. 2. The setting up and operating procedure for the RCU. For morse operation (CW). details of which are given in the User Handbook for Clansman Radio Control Harness. set the selector switch to A. remote combining unit (RCU) to the D10 cable in place of the remote control handset. the RCU can be operated in the speech mode by setting the function switch to VOICE and the RT320/1 to AM. 61172. If the cable has been connected to the LINE B terminals. as shown. as previously described.local in any position of CRL/R function switch by depressing call button on handset).3 If required.20 Morse operation. Army Code No. except that the CW mode is selected at the RT320/1.19. The setting up and operating procedure is as described for speech operation in para. 2. When the equipment is operating. a morse key and/or headset/handset at the remote position is connected via a control. set the switch to B.1 If the D10 cable has been connected to the LINE A terminals. turn the function switch to the spring loaded CALL position. 39 .20. radio set.20.

. local/remote (CRL/R).~EBROADCASTING (Fig.6-WAY • .~ •• "OUTwrj RADIO A R'I'32Ojl CHARGING CONNECTOR i ADD 10 SOCteET SKB 6-WAY 2-WAY .It IB2 - • RADIO B SET Local Rebroadcast Interconnections . AUDIO' IIDIO • LINE A SET • 4-WAY • JB •• T/R CRL/R POWER VEHICLE SUPPLY • • IBHA -!II 4-WAY POWER VEHICLE _.15 40 - 2WAY . 2 radio (IB2).21 The PRC320/1 can be operated as a manual rebroadcast station in conjunction with a control. but reference should be made to the User Handbook for Clansman Radio Control Harness. an interconnecting box. harness adaptor (IBHA) and an interconnecting box..C. 61172. lILA-WAY • BATTERY DCCU D.15.15) 2. SUPPLY 28V· HEADSET • OR AUDIO • HANDSET Fig. Army CorleUo. Interconnections between the units are shown in block diagram form in Fig. radio set. INPUT .

16) UNITS 2. The generator can be used with the equipment in any position. the generator alone (without the battery) can be used to power the RT320/1 when in the receive condition. a 3.22 The hand generator enables a PRC320/1 to be operated for an indefitite period without changing the battery and. but in this case the equipment must be removed from the carrier. but it will be found easiest to operate with the equipment on the ground.3Ah battery.3Ah battery may be used instead of the 1Ah. complete with a 1Ah secondary battery. If required. In an emergency.HAHD GENERATOR Fig. is latched to the RT320/1 in place of a 3.16 HAND GENERATOR PRC320j1 with Hand Generator BATTERY CHARGING (Fig. 41 .

2. 42 . fit the battery so that its spring contacts engage with the contact studs of the generator and then close the retaining latches.22. 2. If the normal ratio is exceeded. Continue to turn the handle at this speed to keep the lamp extinguished. it will be necessary to operate the generator after the radio is switched off in order to fully charge the battery.3 Loosen the generator handle retaining wing nut. fit the generator so that its spring contacts engage with the contact studs of the RT320/1 and then close the retaining latches.22. return the generator handle to its stowage position. 2. As the turning speed is increased.22.22.2 Lift the battery retaining latches on the generator.5 When using the RT320/1 at a normal transmit:receive ratio of 1 :9.The procedure for fitting and operating the generator is as follows:2. as shown.22.4 Turn the handle.1 Lift the battery retaining latches on the RT320/1.22. 2. 2. the battery should remain charged by continuous operation of the generator. set the handle to the winding position and tighten the wing nut. the generator indicator lamp (provided with a sliding shutter for night operation) will light until a speed is reached at which the lamp extinguishes.6 On completion of an operating period.

C.250V 50Hz .60Hz Fig. lOOV .high enough to endanger life. CARLESSNESS COULD BE FATAL See First Aid instructions on pages (ii) to (vi).125V or 200V . The voltages used in' this equipment are . Charging Unit 43 .WAR N INC.17 A.

c. 2.23.A. 2.60 Hz a.3 Remove the cover from the a. The charging procedure is as follows:2.125V supply and lOA for a 200 .c.2 Adjust the voltage selector panel (8) to correspond with the voltage of the 50 .C.23. connect the INPUT plug (6) to the a. 2. 44 . 2.23. charging unit enables up to 16 Clansman 3. CHARGING UNIT (Fig.4 . charging unit supply cable.23. mains supply WARNING: Ensure that the unit is disconnected from the supply whilst making adjustments. regardless of their state of discharge.l?) 2.5 Using the a.e.c.23.23.c. 2.~3 The a. i. which will light to indicate that the battery is properly connected and is being charged. mains fuse (4) and en~ure that it is of the correct rating.23.c.250V supply.6 Set the LAMPS switch (7) down (on). When the battery is fully charged this lamp will extinguish and an associated green lamp (2) will light.7 Using the battery charging cables. Open the sliding vent at the rear of the charging unit. 2.1 Remove the cover from the charging unit.3Ah and lAh secondary batteries to be recharged simultaneously. 20A for a 100 . Each outlet has an associated yellow lamp (1). mains supply. connect the charging connector of each battery to be charged to an outlet connector (3) and set the MAINS switch (5) down (on).

Charging Unit Fig.23.23.18 45 . SUPPLY D. APPROPRIATE D.8 are:- The approximate a.C. set the LAMPS switch (7) to OFF. 1Ah battery charging times from flat l¢hours 4 hours 3.10 Replace charged batteries with discharged ones (there is no need to switch off when doing so). or inspecting the charge state of batteries.9 Except when connecting. b. No damage to the battery or the charging unit will occur if a fully charged battery is left connected.23.3Ah battery 2.2.C. 2.

1 Using the d. set the LAMPS switch to OFF.18) 2.c. The charging period is as follows:2. The approximate charging times from flat are:a. connect the D.24 The d.24.24.c. charging unit supply cable. 4 hours 2.C.c. ensuring correct polarity. input) are primarily designed to float charge a Clansman manpack secondary battery used with a vehicle radio. 46 .INPUT plug (4) to the appropriate d.3 Set the INPUT switch (3) to ON.24. 2. or inspecting its charge state.5 Except when connecting the battery.4 Set the LAMPS switch (6) down (on). b. connect the charging connector on the battery to the OUTPUT connector (5).D. charging units (14V and 28V d. The CHARGE PROCEEDING YELLOW lamp (1) will light to indicate that the battery is properly connected and is being charged. No damage to the battery or the charging unit will occur if a fully charged battery is left connected.c. 1Ah battery 3.24.24.C. 2. 2. CHARGING UNITS (Fig.3Ah battery 14 hours .2 Using the battery charging cable. When the battery is fully charged this lamp will extinguish and the CHARGE COMPLETE GREEN lamp (2) wil light. supply (14V or 28V).

radios PRe 320/1 VRC 322 CW. .8 MHz SR A. AM. 2-7MHz on PRC 316 Channels CW.14 2-SMHz SR A.WORKING TO OTHER RADIOS (Fig.19) 2.16MHz 2500Hz Channels SR A. AM. 2 CW. It will also work in limited modes of transmission and on limited frequencies to the other radios.14 Channels 2 PRC 316 CW. AM.19 Working to other Radios 47 . . AM. as in the examples shown below.13 ~ Flg.25 The PRC320/1 will work to another PRC320/1 and to Clansman radios VRC321 and VRC322 in any transmission mode and on any selected 1 kHz channel in the frequency range 2 MHz to 30 MHz.

20 48 Vehicle Harness Interface .rpPLY CRL/R . /R CHARGING CONNECTOR VEHICLE EARTH POWER SUPPLY OR VEHICLE . I r--- OUTPUT DCCU Fig..VEHICLE HARNESS OR AnTENNA TERMINAL HEADSET /HANDSET tAUDIO ~OCKET lBHA SKB BATTERY VEHICLE POWER St.

3. the RT320/1 is secured by its carrier to a bench or wall-mounted rack and connected via its antenna terminal to the vehicle whip antenna.20.CHAPTER USE OF RADIO IN A VEHICLE INTRODUCTION THREE 3.2 Fitting PV1316 vehicle Proceed as follows:whip antenna (Fig. which must be sited clear of all obstructions to prevent a short-circuit to the vehicle frame. charging unit (DCCU).2. Under no circumstances is the RT320/1 to be powered directly by the vehicle electrical supply as damage could result from so doing.2.1 When used in a vehicle. or into the vehicle harness via a control. and in the selected position cut a hole of approximately 25mm diameter to accommodate the seal on the antenna feeder. and bolt the sprung base to the vehicle over the centre of the hole. INSTALLATION 3. harness adaptor (IBHA).c. as shown in block diagram form in Fig. The battery is normally float-charged by either a 14V or 28V input d. radio set. 3. 49 .2 Pass through the hole the free end of the antenna feeder and the cord attached to the seal. depending on the vehicle electrical supply. as in the manpack role. The equipment can be connected directly to a headset. handset or morse key. local/remote (CRL/R) and interconnecting box.21).1 Determine the required location of the antenna. the PV2324 amplifier-loudspeaker can be connected to one of the RT320/1 audio sockets. If a loudspeaker output is required.

complete with RT320/1 and battery. OPERATION 3. the associated clamps.3 Pull the seal into the hole by means of the cord.20 of this Chapter) and tune and op6rate the equipment as described in Chapter 2.1 Using the holes appropriate to the mounting position.3. 50 . slacken the wing nut on the antenna base adaptor. 3.3 Fitting RT320/1 (Fig. set the antenna to a vertical position and tighten the wing nut. 3. and conect the antenna feeder to the RT320/1 antenna terminal.4 Connect the RT320/1 as required (as in Chapter 2 or in Fig. 3.3.2. ensuring that the hole is now watertight.2.22).4 Screw together the whip antenna sections (three for a 3m antenna or four for a 4m antenna). insert the antenna into the adaptor.3. on the vehicle rack mounting blocks and tighten.2 Fit the carrier. Proceed as follows:- 3. (It is not necessary to remove the webbing straps from the carrier in ~rder to install the equipment). bolt the vehicle rack in such a position that the RT320/1 antenna terminal is as close as possible to the antenna.

r----- SECTION 4 SECTION 3 SECTION 1 WHIP ADAPl'OR ANTENNA FEEDER ANTENNA FEEDER CONNECTION SPRUNG BASE SEAL CORD Fig.21 PV1316 Vehicle Whip Antenna 51 .

22 Installation in a Vehicle 52 .BElfCH MOUNTING USE HOLES 0 VERTICAL MOUNTING (CONTROLS AT SIDE) USE HOLES 0 HORIZONTAL MOUNTING (CONTROLS UPPERMOST) USE HOLES 0 Fig.

2 Check switches and controls to ensure that they are functioning correctly and are securely mounted on the case. Remove any dust or dirt from the connectors.1 To obtain maximum performance from the equipment it must be ensured that is is kept in good condition by regular maintenance. remove loose water from all connectors. 4. If the equipment has been subjected to immersion.3. This is normally the responsibility of the operator.2 The RT320/1 is a fully sealed radio and must NOT be opened by the operator under any circumstances.CHAPTER FOUR PREVENTIVE GENERAL 4. 4. control knobs and terminals. NOT of the workshop or repair staff. connections are 53 . and is as described below. MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS MAINTENANCE 4.1 Keep the equipment clean and dry. Dry the headset or handset by shaking. Remove water from inside the morse key by shaking and from the contacts by blowing through the hole below the knob. Inspect the case for damage and corrosion.3 The following maintenance tasks should be carried out by the operator at specified times or as required:4.4 Check that battery clean and undamaged.3.3. 4.

strip back the insulation on each side of the break and. tie the bared ends together.3. connect the bared end to the appropriate terminal on the RT320/1.3.3.4. Check the security its carrier. Pay particular attention to coaxial connectors used on antenna feeders. tests 54 . as a temporary measure.9 Carry out the functional described in Chapter 5. Report any weak or broken springs.3. If an antenna wire breaks. of the RT320/1 on Examine cable assemblies for frayed ends or damaged insulation. strip back the insulation and. If the ferrule breaks off from the end of an antenna wire.8 Check that wire antenna connections are clean and in good condition.7 4.5 Check the battery fixing clamps and latches for security. again as a temporary measure. 4. 4.

3 The user is only to take remedial action where this is stated to be specifically within his capability. They are designed to enable an operator to prove quickly that the equipment is functioning correctly or to localise the fault if it is not. 5. The following points are to be observed at all times:5.1. These checks are to be carried out as part of the preventive maintenance given in Chapter Four or in the event of equipment failure. 55 .1. 5. 5.2 The equipment is not normally to be removed from its parent installation in order to perform maintenance.CHAPTER CORRECTIVE GENERAL MAINTENANCE AND FUNCTIONAL CHECKS FIVE 5.1 The operator is not to open sealed equipment under any circumstances.1. The user is not to make adjustments or items unless he can make a confirmatory FUNCTIONAL CHECKS 5.2 When carrying out the functional checks following. it is to be ensured that the equipment has been correctly set up and is being operated in accordance with the operating information given in Chapter Two (page 20).1.1 The procedures outlined in this chapter are to be followed when checking the RT320/1 and its ancillary equipment.4 replace test.

ensuring that the latter is transmitting CW only so that a pure tone is heard in the headset.3. If the needle was below the second mark.BATTERY CHECK as 5.4. (Any other mode of transmission from the check station might 56 .2 Depress the pressel or the morse key and check that the meter needle registers on or above the second mark on the scale (the first mark is zero). FREQUENCY CHECK 5. replace the battery.3. 5.3.3 Tune the antenna as described in Chapter Two (Page 20) and recheck the battery as described above. Set the frequency of the RT320/1 to that of the check station. The check procedure is as follows:5.1 Set the mode selector switch to the CW position. Release the pressel.1 Set the transmitter power switch to BATT CHK and the mode selector switch to the CW position. 5.3 Check the charge state of the battery fbllows:- 5.4 The operator can check the frequency accuracy of the RT320/1 by comparing its frequency with that of either a laboratory frequency standard or a standard frequency broadcast.

If speech is badly distorted at the higher frequencies in the LSB or USB modes. the RT320/1 frequency accurary is satisfactory. When checking receptio~ in each mode. the equipment should be sent to workshops for recalibration as soon as possible. adjusting the GAIN control as necessary. Even with the frequency well off tune.5 Check the PRC320/1 for correct operation in each position of the mode selector switch as described below. the rate of fluctuation indicating the amount by which the frequency is off tune. If the tones fluctuate slowly. in an emergency it might be possible to communicate with another PRC320/1 in the AM or CW modes.cause a warbling tone that could be mistaken for frequency instability in the RT320/1. The check procedure is as follows:- 57 . 5. the frequency is well off tune and the equipment should be sent to workshops for recalibration. another PRC320/1 can be used as a transmission source by transmitting (on the same frequency as the equipment being checked) speech in the voice modes and keyed CW in the CW mode.2 Set the mode selector switch to FREQ CHK and listen to the two tones now present. a. b. OPERATING MODE CHECKS i i • • 5. If a rapid warble is heard.4.

1 switch YES AM reception.5.23 58 .i.5. Set the mode selector to AM and the GAIN control as required.5.n handset I I YES I Check switch set to AM NO YES I Check I handset properly NO connected 1 I I YES 1 Check battery.3 YES r I Check GAIN control NO YES I Check antenna connections NO to radio I YES 1 I Replace NO handset I I I YES I I Replace radio -I r AM reception AM Reception satisfactory Check Fig. l Loud "l voice signals NO heard . NO See para.

the GAIN control as required.M1 Transmission.2 YES I t Sidetone heard in handset NO' YES Check battery. 5. 5. depress the pressel and speak into the microphone. YES Meter reads normal antenna current NO 5.24 satisfactory: Check 59 AM Transmission . See para. See para.3 YES YES Not Replace handset NO~ Check antenna connections to radio NO YES YES I l Check antenna length correct and antenna raised above ground NO Replace radio YES YES Check antenna components Nof YES _YES I I Replace NO handset I t radio Replace I I AM transmission Fig.5. Set the mode selector switch to AM.3 NO Check battery.

3 I I I I I ~ r NO Check GAIN control NO Check antenna r I 1 connections to radio NO Replace Replace NO handset 1 t ~ I radio satisfactory I -.5. • t heard in handset I I YES r I 1 YES YES YES YES YES t t properly connected See para.5.I LSB reception . Set the mode selector to LSB and the GAIN control as required. repeat it with the mode selector switch set to USB. YES YES r Loud 1 I -I voice signals NO Check switch set to LSB NO Check handset NO Check battery.25 60 SSB Reception Check . Fig.5. On completion of the check below.3 switch SSB reception.

3 NO Replace NO Replace handset YES YES t YES YES I L YEJi YES radio I YES_ I YES t YES _XES I I NO Replace NO Replace + handset I I t radio satisfactory I I LSB transmission J I Fig. 5. depress the pressel and speak into the microphone. 5. See para. YES Met2r reads normal antenna current while speaking only NO Check battery.3 NO Check antenna connections to radio NO ~ Check antenna length correct and antenna raised above ground NO Check antenna components Sidetone heard in handset NO Check battery.4 SSB transmission. On completion of the check below. repeat it with the mode selector switch set to USB.26 SSB Transmission Check 61 . Set the mode selector switch to LSB the GAIN control as required. See para.5.5.

5.3 Check GAIN control NO J"ES I Check antenna connections to radio NO J"ES I I Replace headset NO J"ES I Replace radio J CW reception satisfactory I Fig. YES Loud whistle-like signals or receiver hiss heard in headset NO YES Check switch set to CW NO YES Check headset properly connected NO JES Check battery. Set the mode selector switch to CW and the GAIN control as required.27 62 CW Reception Check .5 CW reception.1_ES L See para.5. 5. NO .

5. 5. Set the mode switch to CW.6 selector required YES cw transmission. the GAIN control and depress the morse key.5. See para. as Meter reads normal antenna current NO Check battery.3 NO Replace headset NO Replace radio YES YES + J YES YES + t YES YES l + l YES YES YES t YES + I satisfactory Check : Fig. See para. 5.28 CW Transmission 63 .3 NO Check antenna connections to radio NO Check antenna length correct and antenna raised above ground NO Check componerrts of antenna NO Replace key NO Replace radio I CW transmission Sidetone heard in headset NO Check battery.

PART 2 .

SSB 100W RADIO STATIONS CONTENTS Page CHAPTER ONE 1• 1 PURPOSE AND PLANNING INFORMATION 67 68 68 69 1.F.2 2.6 2.8 100W Equipment Installation Operating Information Antennas Remote Operation and Rebroadcasting PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE AND FUNCTIONAL CHECKS 75 76 78 82 82 CHAPTER THREE General Functional Check CHAPTER ONE TABLES 83 83 Radio Station PRC320/1-100W Equipment 72 65 .3 1.7 2.7 Introduction Purpose Description Technical Data Construction OPERATING INFORMATION 70 CHAPTER TWO 2.PART 2 PRC320/1-100W H.2 1.6 1.1 2.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Ftg. No.81 79 CHAPTER THREE 5 100W Transmission Check SUPPLEMENTS 85 Long Wire Antenna Adaptor 86 66 . CHAPTER TWO 1 Page 2 3 4 100W Equipment Typical Vehicle Installation Typical Interconnection Diagram Operating Information 75 77 80.

a PV1317 mounting tray and the RT320/1 vehicle rack described in Part 1.1 The Radio Station PRC320/1-100W is a 100W derivative of the 30W PRC320/1 station described in Part 1 of this Handbook and can be used as either a vehicle radio or a ground station. This part of the Handbook contains information only on the 100W station equipment which is additional to that used in the 30W station. Thus reference should be made to Part 1 for details of the RT320/1 and the common ancillary equipment. 67 . together with a PV1311 100W amplifier. which can be supplied in lengths suitable for any installation.CHAPTER PURPOSE INTRODUCTION AND PLANNING INFORfilATION ONE 1. Interconnections between the units are provided by cable assemblies. It comprises the basic RT320/1 transmitter/receiver. and for vehicular use. PV1313 automatic antenna tuning unit and its associated control/mounting tray PV1318.

The PV1318 operates as a control unit and mounting tray for the ATU and also accepts the 100W amplifier or the RT320/1. Chapter Three) the equipment provides reliable ground wave SSE communication at distances of up to 100km over average rolling terrain. which in this application is not used. 1. The RT320/1 itself can be 68 . As in the 30W station. which enables the RT320/1 to be quickly removed for reversion to the 30W manpack role.PURPOSE 1. This takes the place of the RT320/1 integral antenna tuning unit.5 The PRC320/1-100W requires a nominal 28V d. The RT320/1. which in turn is mounted on the shock absorbing mounting tray PV1317. complete with manpack carrier. is mounted on the vehicle rack.2 Although it can be used as a ground station. the range is several thousand kilometres. In vehicle installations the ATU is normally stacked on top of the 100W amplifier and together mounted on the PV1318. The antenna may then be connected directly to the output of the 100W amplifier and the ATU is not necessary. the output of which feeds the antenna via the automatic antenna tuning unit (ATU). as described in Part 1.4 Operating into the vehicle whip antenna (see Part 1. supply and operates satisfactorily from a supply in the range 20V to 32V.3 In the 100W role the RT320/1 operates as a driver for the 100W amplifier. DESCRIPTION 1.c. matching of resonant dipole configurations is provided solely by the lengths of the dipole elements. the PRC320/1-100W is primarily a vehicle radio operatin€ in the SSE mode over the frequency range 2 to 30 MHz. Using sky wave antennas in ground station applications. 1.

6 DATA Power 3W. (reverse polarity and over-voltage protected) Receive: Transmit: 150mA SSE Speech CW 6A 12A Power Supply Current Consumption (Average) 69 .c.c.c. Transmitter output Typical Range (Ground Wave) (Sky Wave) Antenna Tuning Time Range Up to 100km 600km plus 10s maximum 4s average -37°C to +52°C (operational) -40°C to +75°C (storage) 2. supply.p. charging unit. a separate converter is required.400m 7.powered from the PV1311 or by its own battery float-charged by a d. When used in a vehicle with a nominal 12V d. TECHNICAL 1. 30W or 100W p.600m (operational (transport) Temperature Maximum Altitude Environmental Protection Fully sealed (withstands immersion to a depth of 1m for 2 hours) 20V to 32V d.e.

1.10). 1. similsr to that of the PV1318 (para. ther 100W amplifier or the ATU. which accept corresponding screws in the front of the PV1318 (or second tray). input from the 100W amplifier and signals from the PV1318 control unit are mounted on the front panel. indicators and remaining connectors on the front panel. which accept the M5 screws by which these two units are secured. Fixing for the PV1318 or second tray is provided by two dowels on the rear flange. Connectors for the r. or a stacked combination of them.f. 1. cast case.CONSTRUCTION 1. A second tray.7 The ATU is contained in a sealed. It comprises a flanged tray of aluminium alloy supported on four resilient mounts. and all controls.10 The PV1318 provides a mounting for the 100W amplifier and the ATU and it also incorporates the 70 . Earth connections are made by two captive screws on the front flange.8 The 100W amplifier is of similar appearance and construction. and two clinch nuts on the front flange. and antenna and earth terminals are mounted on the rear panel. with one audio and one supply connector on the rear panel. 1. which engage with corresponding holes at the rear of the PV1318 (or second tray). Lugs on the bottom and threaded bosses on the top of both this unit and the ATU provide for mounting one on top of the other and for securing to the PV1317 or PV1318 mounting trays by means of M5 screws.9 The PV1317 provides a shock absorbing mounting for the PV1318. may also provide a mounting for the RT320/1. Fixing for the 100W amplifier or the ATU is provided by four clinch nuts on the base of the tray. which is finned to provide efficient convection cooling.

as already described. cast case containing the ATU control unit. a reset switch and three connectors. the front panel of which carries three indicator lamps. Threaded holes in the tray accept the 100W amplifier or ATU securing screws. Mounted on the front of the PV1318 tray is a sealed. and plain holes accommodate the RT320/1 securing screws.control unit for the latter. The PV1318 tray and PV1317 second tray each comprise a flanged tray of aluminium alloy with holes in the front and rear flanges to provide fixings for the PV1317. 71 .

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Fig.CHAPTER TWO OPERATING INFORMATION 100W EQUIPMENT 2.1 The main items additional to the basic PRC320/1 30W station which are required to make up the 100W PRC320/1-100W station are illustrated in Fig.1 100W Equipment 75 .1.

2. is mounted alongside on the vehicle rack which.2 The PRC320/1-100W is designed for a wide variety of installations.4 The installation procedure for the arrangemment shown in Fig. if required. in a vehicle installation.4.2.2 is as follows:2. but whatever arrangement of the equipments is adopted. The RT320/1. which shown the PV1313 and PV1311 stacked on the PV1318 and together mounted on the PV1317.2 Locate the dowels on the rear flange of the PV1317 in the holes in the rear flange of the PV1318 and lock the two front panels together by means of !VI8 crews. (The length of the PV1316 vehicle whip antenna feeder cable is 1m and this length should not be exceeded if other types of vehicle whip antenna are used).1 Secure the PV1317 to the vehicle framework (or radio mounting table. allows for instant removal of the RT320/1 and its redeployment as a manpack.3 Using M5 screws.3 The normal di. 2. if fitted) by means of the resilient mounts.INSTALLATION 2. s 2. they must be sited for ease of access by the operator and. complete with carrier and webbing.apoe i. 76 . secure the PV1311 to the PV1318 and the PV1313 to the PV1311 by means of the lugs on the underside of the two latter equipments. the PV1313 antenna tuning unit must be located as close as possible to the vehicle whip antenna base. 2.4.onof the equipments in a t vehicle installation is illustrated in Fig.4.

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f. the PV1311 and PV1313 can be mounted directly on the PV1317 and the RT320/1 can be mounted on a combination of. 2.c. The interconnecting cables can be supplied in lengths to suit any installation and those with a minimum surplus length should be used.4 Secure the vehicle rack.2. 1:1 the latter case the M5 securing screws are inserted from the underside of the PV1318 to engage with the threaded bosses on the underside of the RT320/1 normally used for attachment to the manpack carrier. The RT320/1 can be powered by its own battery. as shown in Fig. In the former case the battery should be float-charged by a 28V d. as shown in Fig. Chapter Three. INPUT and rear panel AUDIO connectors respectively.F.4.2. 2.6 Set up and tune the equipment as shown in Fig.5 For installation other than that shown in Fig.3.5 Remove the coaxial link from the rear of the RT320/1 and interconnect the equipments as shown in Fig. or by the regulated power supply from the PV1318. OPERATING INFORMATION 2. and fit the RT320/1 and its carrier.2.3. Note that there are very high r. as described in Part 1.4. using the RT320/1 coaxial socket labelled T/R and the audio socket labelled SKA for connection to the PV1311 R.4.4. 2. a well-insulated heavy duty cable must be used to connect the PV1313 antenna terminal to the antenna. charging unit (DCCU) supplied from the vehicle 28V supply. voltages present at the antenna base and that if an antenna other than the PV1316 is used. 78 .the PV1317 and PV1318.6 Complete the installation by using the earthing braid to connect the earth terminal on the rear of the PV1313 and one of the two earthing screws on the front of the PV1317 to the vehicle framework.

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4 80 o Operating Information . which should be 20V to 32V. CHECK SYSTEM SUPPLY Set to SUPPLY VOLTS. 1. Meter indicates d.c.2. SWITCH ON Set to AlVIPLIFIER. Ii I': i Ii o (/) Fig. Amber STANDBY lamp lights. supply voltage.

release pressel (ACTIVE lamp extinguished). OPERATE .. 81 . If red fault lamp lights. when different frequency selected or when antenna changed.. Repeat tune sequence only when switching on. USB or AM for speech and CW for morse.6 of Part 1. To receive. TUNE ANTENNA TUNING UNIT (ATU) Press and release. If RT320/1 supplied from PV1318 and needle below second mark in operation 1.. Depress and release pressel. SELECT MODE AND ADJUST VOLUME Set RT320/1 mode switch to LSB. when green ACTIVE LAMP will light. Extinguished when green READY lamp lights to indicate completion of tuning. Amber TUNING lamp lights. Refer to Chapter Three. To select transmit. fault in antenna system indicated. 6. CHECK RT320/1 SUPPLY AND SELECT FREQUENCY Carry out operations 1 and 2 in Fig.3.. Chapter Two. I 5. depress pressel.. Adjust GAIN control for required volume of received signal. SUPPLY VOLTS too low. - 4.

can equally be used with the PRC320/1-100W.ANTENNAS 2. as . REMOTE OPERATION AND REBROADCASTING 2.8 The PRC320/1-100W can be operated remotely or used as a manual rebroadcast station. as specified on the case of the RT320/1. Chapter Two. 82 . substituting the PV1313 antenna and earth terminals for those of the RT320/1.F.described in Part 1.7 The various types of antenna described in Part 1. Chapter Two. antenna matching is provided solely by the lengths of the dipole elements. The PV1313 is then not used and the antenna feeder cable must be connected to the PV1311 R. Where a dipole wire antenna is used in conjunction with a dipole centre junction. OUTPUT coaxial socket direct. substituting a PV1311 AUDIO socket for that of the RT320/1.

This function is performed by the PV1311 meter when the OUTPUT POWER switch is set to FWD.1 The procedure given in Part 1.2. Chapters Four and Five.2 FWD.the forward output power into the antenna. 83 . INPUT .1 R.2. regardless of whether this is derived from a battery or the PV1318. however. carry out the procedures given in Part 1.2 Before checking the operation of the additional PRC320/1-100W equipment. . which should be approximately 30W peak. with the exception that the RT320/1 antenna tuning unit is inoperative and thus its meter does not indicate antenna current.F. Chapters Four and Five are generally applicable to the PRC320/1-100W.the drive level from the RT320/1. and can be used to check the RT320/1 supply voltage. when the antenna is accurately matched.CHAPTER PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE AND FUNCTIONAL CHECKS GENERAL THREE 3. depending on the supply voltage. wf1ich should be between 80W and 140W. the four positions of which provide meter indications as follows:3. FUNCTIONAL CHECK 3. The RT320/1 is still operative when BATT CHK is selected. to ensure satisfactory operation of the RT320/1. Monitoring of the 100W equipment performance is provided by the PV1311 meter and its associated OUTPUT POWER switch. 3. and the function switch to DRIVER.

5 or worse causes the PV1318 red FAULT lamp to light. if the antenna is fed via the ATU.3 Set the PV1311 function swtich to AMPLIFIER.3 REF.4). depress the pressel switch and check the equipment as shown in Fig. .5 84 . indicating that the antenna system may have been damaged or its impedance altered by the proximity of conducting structures. For an acceptable matching accuracy the ratio of reflected to forward power should be better than 1:8. 3. 3. The fault should be rectified and. (A ratio of 1:2.2. which should be within the range 20V to 32V for satisfactory operation. supply voltage to the equipment. the system should be re-tuned as shown in Fig.c.the reflected power in the antenna.2.4 SUPPLY VOLTS .3.the d.

ieterindicates normal REF.o ry I 85 Fig.s s i on sa t i sfac t.YES 1 r Meter indicates normal FWD. POWER ratio NO ~ CLeck connection from PV1313 check antenna 1 YES to antenna and r 'I'r-ansm i. OUTPUT POWER YES NO Ileter indicates SUPPLY VOLTS within 20V to 32V NO and supply and FUSE NO + range YES T Check supply connections to PV1311 YES YES Check connection T + from PV1311 to PV1313 r NO Replace PV1311 YES NO Check PV1318 TUNING lamp extinguished READY lamp alight NO l + and YES 1 Check connection NO Replace from PV1318 to PV1313 YES YES YES r 1 PV1313 • + NO Replace PV131b NO Upera te PV1318 ~ RESET switch pressel . OUTPUT and depress NO YES f./FWD.5 100W Transmission Check .

A slotted bracket for connection to the PV1313 antenna terminal and a spigot for insertion into 86 . The long wire antenna adaptor facilitates secure connection of a long wire antenna to the PV1313 antenna terminal or to the PV1316 vehicle antenna base. It comprises an isolating capacitor. enclosed in a rigid box of low loss compound.SUPPLEMENT LONG WIRE ANTENNA ADAPTOR LID ~ LID RETAINING SCREW CLIPS RELIEF SPIGOT FOR FIXING TO PV I3 I6 BASE TERMINAL PVI313 CASE I.

F. _. It is possible to fit the adaptor so that it covers the PV1313 earth terminal.the PV1316 base are connected to the lower end of the capacitor. 87 ."a 3.~ .. SWITCH OFF THE EQUIPl'illNT EFORE HANDLING AND AVOID B CONTACT DURING OPERATION. depress the antenna terminal cap. Pass two or three turns of the wire antenna around the strain relief clips. feed the bared end of the antenna through the terminal hole and release the cap. Two strain relief clips are mounted on one side. To fit the adaptor to the PV1316 base. A spring loaded antenna terminal is connected to the upper end. Recommended PV1313 are:2 to 4MHz : 15 : 4 to 81'filz 25 8 to 16MHz: 15 16 to 30MHz: 10 WARNING: wire antenna metres metres metres metres lengths when using the -~ _' -~ -".. 2.J VERY HIGH R. VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT AT THE ANTENNA TERMINALS WHILST TRANSMITTING. To connect the wire antenna to the adaptor. 4. _. insert the adaptor spigot fully into the base and tighten the wing nut. but this should be avoided as connection is more difficult. 5. To fit the adaptor to the PV1313. Tighten the antenna terminal. slacken the PV1313 antenna terminal and fit the adaptor as shown in the diagram with its shoulder in firm contact with the PV1313 and the recess in this shoulder clearing the lid securing screws. slacken the PV1316 wing nut.

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