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Learn Yoruba in 24 Hours

Learn Yoruba in 24 Hours

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Published by: erect on Dec 22, 2011
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Preface

This book is for the use of beginners who want to learn Yoruba and those who want to speak it as a second language (L2). The set of people that fall into this category are:
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Those who marry to Yoruba spouses. Students learning Yoruba as a second language (L2). Yoruba children born abroad. Those who have interest in speaking the language.

It is written in a Teach-Yourself format. It is highly interractive. A reader studies a lesson and tests himself through series of “Brainwork” provided in the book. Because it is a book meant for beginners, some basic grammatical rules and orthography are adjusted to make learning easier for users. This book is to be viewed as an introductory to learning Yoruba. Also, the reader should note that words used in a chapter are built on preceeding chapters for sequencial learning. Hence, the lessons on preceeding chapters help readers to understand those on subsequent ones.

The peculiar problem a learner of a new language faces is how to correctly pronounce new words. Being able to correctly pronounce new words encourages a learner to keep on. Therefore, it is important to go through the use of tone marks in the Chapter 1 of this book. With the knowledge of the tone marks, an audio assistance will only become a catalyst and not essentially a necessity.

H P –O KN N – There are twenty – five (25) alphabets in Yoruba language. They are: B D W Y. x and z are not among Yoruba alphabets. q. How to Pronounce the Alphabets: The Yoruba Alphabets Similar Pronunciation In English A B D E Ẹ F G GB H I ah bee dee hay air fee gee (as in go) (has no English similarity) hee ee . v. c. NOTE – k : Ẹ F G GB H I J K L M N O Ọ P S Ṣ U Letters like.

J K L M N O Ọ P R S Ṣ T U W Y jee key lee mee nee oh or pee ree see she tea ooh wee yee Yoruba Vowels .wọn awẹli oruba Yoruba alphabets contains only seven (7) vowels.wọn ọn n n oruba . namely: ẹ ọ a e i o u a (ah) e (hay) ẹ (air) i (ee) o (oh) ọ (or) u (ooh) In the same vein there are eighteen (18) consonants: Yoruba Consonants .

form more of these two-letter words with the remaining consonants. gb. It has no sign representation .ẹ j. b = ba (bah) be(bay) bẹ (bair) bi (bee) bo (boh) bọ(bor) bu(boo) d = da (dah) de(day) dẹ (dair) di (dee) do (doh) dọ(dor) du(boo) f = fa (fah) fe(fay) fẹ (fair) fi (fee) fo (foh) fọ(for) fu(foo) g = ga (gah) ge(gay) gẹ (gair) gi (gee) go (go) gọ(gor) gu(goo) h = ha (hah) he(hay) hẹ (hair) hi (hee) ho (hoh) họ(hor) hu(hoo) wa (wah) we(way) wẹ (wair) wi (wee) wo (woh) wọ(wor) wu(woo) ETC By yourself. k.b d f g gb h j k l m n p r s ṣ t w y Let’s make some two letter words. j. using consonant + vowel. m. „do‟ „re‟ „mi‟ “do” is the low tone. orming wo. etc TONAL MARKS: The tone marks adopted to help in pronouncing Yoruba words are the first three musical notes.e er ord – kọ wọn rọ n. l. he sign representing this is “re” is the medium tone.

ooked garri – ẹb TONE ‘mi‟ re re re mi do do wá ọmọ Adé ẹb – These are five nasal vowels. dín – to fry is pronounced „sun‟ is pronounced (Japanese)„Yen‟ is pronounced as „dean‟ .“mi” is the high tone. -an -ẹn -in e. ọn. Pronounce the corresponding tone mark before pronouncing the word. Child – ọmọ (iii).g.g. san – to pay e. A name – Adé iv . iii.g. ii. BRAINWORK WORD (i). For instance. ẹn. namely: an. except in few in ance he are u ed on le er ‘n’. yẹn – that e. in. try to call these common words below. Come – wá (ii). un The Nasals How to Pronounce i. he sign representing this is *These tone marks are strictly placed on Yoruba vowels. Let the tones in the brackets above guide you.

rán – to sew. sín – to sneeze fọn – to blow [a trumpet] fọn – mosquito sùn – to sleep. e. hẹn . pọn – to be ripe is pronounced the same as ‘an’ in (i) above.child pọ wọn ọs n .iv.g. -un BRAINWORK Now try and pronounce the words below. SINGULAR AND PLUR The article „àwọn‟ is used to express plurality of Yoruba nouns.children . 4. For instance: ọ ọs n – orange ẹfọn – mosquito ọmọ . 1.g. – yán – to yawn. fún – to give as ‘fun‟ is pronounced as „foon‟ and not v. 3.oranges wọn ẹfọn .mosquitoes wọn ọmọ . -ọn e.That orange.yes rìn – to walk pọn – to be ripe sun – to burn 2. sún – to shift. Ọs n yẹn . ọs n – orange yẹn – that pín – to divide. 5. 6.

First orange – ọs n k n [not k n ọs n] [not wọn mẹta ọmọ] Three children – wọn ọmọ mẹta Now try this: 1 The fifth orange ------------- .g.houses wọn nìy n – persons/people H P –O K J – Numeral Cardinals 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ọkan/ení méjì mẹta mẹrin m r n n mẹf méje mẹjọ mẹs n n mẹw Ordinals 1st – èkíní 2nd – èkejì 3rd – kẹta 4th – kẹrin 5th – kar n n 6th – kẹf 7th – èkeje 8th – kẹjọ 9th – kẹs n n 10th – kẹw Frequency once – ẹẹkan twice – ẹẹmej thrice – ẹẹmẹta x – ẹẹmẹrin x – ẹẹmar n n x – ẹẹmẹf x – ẹẹmeje x – ẹẹmẹẹjọ x – ẹẹmẹs n n x – ẹẹmẹw BRAINWORK E.ilé – house ènìyàn – person wọn ilé .

-------------------------------------------------.wọn ilé mẹjọ.. 11 to 20 Numbers from 11 to 14 shall be done first.ọs n ẹkẹrin Counting Of Items NOTE: From here. More On Numbers i. BRAINWORK: 1.----------------------------------------------------. 4. One child .wọn ọs n mẹjọ. ọs n kan wọn ọmọ méjì wọn ilé mẹw Four people – wọn nìy n mẹrin Sixth person – nìy n ẹkẹf .e.wọn nìy n m r n n Seven children . 3.-------------------------Ten people . 2.c That is: – ọkan – mọk nl 11th – ẹkọk nl . 6.2 3 4 The ninth child ------------------------------------- ------------. --------------------------. we will start to use the contracted form of „ọkan‟ = 1 as „kan‟ For Example – Fún Àp r : i ii iii iv v One orange wo children en houses ọs n ọkan.t.ọmọ ẹkẹta .. 5. The secret is to just add „lá‟ at the end of ‘ọkan’ ‘méjì’ e.

while “20” is “ogún”.e. let’s start counting in the same way: 15 = màrúndínlógún i e (már n ún) less from (din) 20 (ogun) mẹrìnd nl g n mẹt d nl g n 18 = méjìdínlógún i.e. herefore.e. (2 less from 20) mọk nd nl g n i. (3 less from 20) i.2 _ méjì – mẹta – mẹrin 12 – méjìlá – mẹt l – mẹrìnl 12th – èkejìlá 13th – ẹkẹt l 14th – ẹkẹrìnl Numbers 15 to 20 requires a little subtraction to understand. (1 less from 20) 20 = ogún . (4 less from 20) i. For instance: 5 less from 20 = 15 while 4 less from 20 = 16 ETC o e– k : “less from” means“dín” in or b .e.

ount to rite down in or b . 10. – ọkan to – og n. 2. at a stretch. by heart. in or b . 7. 4.We shall stop counting for now. 9. 6. orally. Sixteen children – ọmọ ______ _______________ – wọn ọs n méjìl Eighteen houses – _______________________ _____________ – wọn ọmọ marundinlogun Seventeen people – _______________ Seventeenth person – _____________ 3 oranges – _____________ _____________ – ẹfọn mẹf H P –O KẸ Vocabularies day – ọjọ morning – rọ afternoon – ọs n evening – alẹ . 5. 8. 3. BRAINWORK 1.

sunset – ìrọlẹ return – bọ work job – iṣẹ tomorrow – ọla today – òní yesterday – àná be watchful sorry take heart – pẹlẹ week – ọṣẹ month – oṣ year – ọd n time – sìk . Good morning – Ẹ k rọ Good afternoon – Ẹ k ọs n Ẹ ṣé + n Ẹk + rọ . k k period/season – ìgbà To Greet: „Good‟ is taken to be „Ẹ kú‟ Therefore: Good + morning Similarly. hanks [for] + yesterday And so.

O ṣé n It’s quite a long time – Ẹ k ọjọ mẹta [Literally.Pẹlẹ Thank you . Welcome] Good afternoon – Ẹ k ọs n o id omeone ‘Till Morning’. this means. ill tomorrow – Ó d ọla Till sunset – Ó d ìrọlẹ ill morning – Ó d ill you return – Ó d bọ. „it‟s been some three days‟] .e. ‘Afternoon’ etc ‘ ill’ is translated as ‘Ó d .e.. Good night] [i.Good return – Ẹ k bọ [i. Good bye] Other Greetings are: Sorry It is a pity .e. ill + tomorrow – Ó d + ọla ill tomorrow – Ó d ọla ill + afternoon ill afternoon Ó d + ọs n Ó d ọs n Hence.O ṣé Thanks [for] yesterday . rọ [i.…’ So.

4...BRAINWORK 1 2 1. 6. 5.Báwo ni / Ṣé dáradára ni? How is work? = Báwo ni iṣẹ? Some Greetings and How to Respond to them: NOTE – k : For greetings referring to times of the day. you will respond to .------------------------------Good return (Welcome) .--------------------------Good job (Well-done) --------------------------------------------------------------.------------------------------ More on Greetings: How is it? . d alẹ ---------------------------------.Ẹ k ọjọ mẹta ---------------------------------.Ọd n mẹf One week . 2.Thanks .----------------------------------------------.------------------------------The fourth month .d ọs n. 3. 8. 7. Good evening .

ìk Monday – Ọjọ. reeting – Ẹk ni Ẹk e pon e – h n rọ – Good morning rọ – Good morning Ó d ọla – Till tomorrow Also. Ó d ọla – Till tomorrow „Ẹ kú ilé‟ is the response to „Ẹ kú àbọ‟ But for those of ‘How is……?‟ – ‘Báwo ni’ ‘ dúp ‟ is the ideal response.Bawo ni/Ṣe dáradára ni How is work? = Báwo ni iṣẹ h n d pẹ d pẹ ETC – Sunday – Ọjọ. For instance.jé uesday – Ọjọ. For instance.„Ẹ kú‟ and „Ó dà‟ forms of greetings by saying back the greetings that is said to you. ni How is it? .ṣẹgun ednesday – Ọjọsinmi .

O KẸ IN – hair – irun forehead – iw j -or nose – im neck – ọr n .hursday – Ọjọ-Bọ Friday – Ọjọ-Ẹtì Saturday – Ọjọ.b mẹta – January – Sẹẹrẹ February – r lé March – Ẹrẹn April – Igbe May – bìb June – k d July – gẹmọ ugust – g n September – Owewe October – Ọw r November – Bél December – Ọpẹ CHAPTER .

ọwọ back .shoulder – jìk chest – y stomach – ik n wrist – ọr n-ọwọ finger – ìka-ọwọ thigh – itan knee – or nk n shin – oj gun toe – ìka-ẹsẹ head -or eye – oj ear – et mouth – ẹnu tongue – ahọn lip .ẹyìn .t teeth – ey n chin – gbọn arm .ap hand .

6. 7. 10.– ẹhìn Forehead – ------------------------------------------------.leg . 2. 3. 2. My ear aches – t n ro mi She had toothache – y n n ro .– ìka-ẹsẹ mẹw pre ing eeling in ar of he od – mọl ra My head aches I have headache – Or n fọ mi. One head – -------------------------------------------------------------------------. 9.ẹsẹ buttock – ìb d ìd BRAINWORK 1. 11. . 3.– Ojú méjì he third finger – ìka-ọwọ – ----------Teeth – --------------Stomach – -------------------------------------------------------. 4. 8.– ẹnu The second ear – ----------------One leg – --------------------------------. 5. hey have back pain – Ẹyìn n d n wọn hey are happy – In wọn d n He had stomach-ache – In n ro 1. 4. 5.

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