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Technical Bulletin T10 Introl Series 10 Single

Seated Globe Valves

Introl 10 - Features
General
The Classic Series 10 valve developed by ABB Control
Valves Ltd., will in its basic form satisfy the majority of
general applications to be found throughout the process
and power industries. The construction of this range of
valves is of a simple form but it has a design which in itself
allows specialised applications.

Performance:
• High flow capacity.
• Tight shut-off.
• Excellent flow control rangeability.
• Cast globe type body proportioned to withstand high
pipe stresses without distortion.

Design Flexibility:
• Inherently characterized trim offered in equal
percentage, linear and quick opening.
• All trim components removable from the top for ease of
maintenance.
• Multi trim sizes available.
• Full range of body and trim material options.
• Full rationalized and interchangeable features.
• Full range of bonnet and packing designs to suit various
temperatures and fluids.

Design Integrity:
• Heavy duty top guiding with no bottom guide to
obstruct seat bore and potentially trap debris.
• Large diameter stems.
• Generously proportioned seat ring screwed into body to
ensure a leakproof joint with optional seal welded seat
available.

Quality Manufacturing:
• Rigorously tested to ensure specified performance on
site.
• Quality Assurance systems in accordance with BS5750 Figure 1. Introl Series 10 Valve incorporating Contoured Trim and
Part 1 1987/ IS0 9001 1987/ EN29001/1987. complete with Series ‘G’ Actuator
• Optional full NACE MR-01-75 certification.

ABB Control Valves


Scope of Design
End Connection Sizes: Plug Design Options:
1/2” to 12” (15mm to 300mm) nominal bore. Unbalanced with metal/metal or resilient seating plug.

End Connection Styles: Bonnet Options:


ANSI, DIN and BS flanged RF, FF, RTJ (and other grooved Standard, Normalising, Bellows Seal and Cryogenic bonnet
designs). Welded profiles including buttweld, socket. etc, design options available.
clamped and screwed designs Other requirements available
on request. Special Applications:
In addition the Introl Series 10 range of valves can be
Valve Body Ratings: modified so as to be suitable for special applications eg.
ANSI 150 to ANSI 600, DIN/BS 4504 PN10 to PN100 (Sizes Removable Blind Head, Oxygen Service, Hydrogen Service,
up to 12”/300mm) and ANSI 150 to ANSI 2500, DIN/BS HF Acid Service.
4504 PN10 to PN420 (Sizes up to 2”/50mm) as standard
Other requirements available on request. Actuation:
Various types of actuation are available including:-
Design Standards:
ANSI B16.34. ‘G’ Series spring opposed pneumatic diaphragm.
‘C’ Series spring opposed pneumatic piston.
Trim Design Options:
‘D’ Series double acting pneumatic piston.
Contoured and Microspline as standard. Semi special and
special trims are available for specific applications
In addition electric, electro-hydraulic, hydraulic and sound
Inherent Characteristics: pressure manually operated versions are available.
Equal percentage, Linear or Quick Open. Sizing/Noise Prediction.
Material Combinations: The procedures for performing valve sizing, velocity and
level calculations are detailed in both the Technical
A wide range of body/bonnet and trim materials are available.
Selection Manual.

Guide to Bonnet Selection


Selection of the bonnet design is undertaken on the basis of The Bellows Seal Bonnet option, as illustrated in Fig 5.,
both the operating temperature range and fluid media being ensures absolute sealing of the process fluid within their
handled. Figures 2 to 5 illustrate the bonnet design options rated pressure and temperature ranges. An auxiliary
available for use with the Introl Series 10 range. packing box in the upper bonnet serves as an emergency
seal in the unlikely event of bellows failure
Table 2 below provides a general guide to the temperature
Table 1. Bellows Seals Working Conditions
limitations of various bonnet designs and packing materials
available. Where fluid working temperatures below -20°C Maximum Temperature
(4°F) and above 400°C (752°F) are specified, normalising Valve Size Travel Working Range
bonnets are recommended to protect the valve packing Pressure
against extremes of temperature. in. mm in. mm psig Bar g
1
/2-2 15-50 11/8 28 740 51 Minus 65°C
Fabricated extension bonnets in stainless steel are available
as an option when a longer extension is required on 3-4 80-100 1 /2
1
40 400 28 (-85°F)
cryogenic service below -100°C (-148°F) (refer to Fig 4). 6-8 150-200 21/4 57 345 24 Plus 427°C
10-12 250-300 31/2 89 300 21 (800°F)

Temperature Related Features


The table below gives a general guide to the limitations of
various design features when associated with temperature.
Table 2. Temperature Related Features

Component Temperature Range °C °F


-240 to -100 -100 to -20 -20 to 250 250 to 400 400 to 550
(-400 to -148) (-148 to 4) (4 to 482) (482 to 752) (752 to 1020)
Bonnet Cryogenic Normalising Standard Standard Normalising
Packings Tef.Chev Tef.Chev Tef.Chev Flexigraph Flexigraph
Body/Bonnet Gaskets Graphite/Nickel or Stainless Steel Reinforced

2
Bonnet Design Options

Figure 2. Standard Bonnet Figure 3. Normalising Bonnet

Figure 4. Cryogenic Bonnet Figure 5. Bellows Seal Bonnet

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Guide to Trim Options Available
Contoured Trim
The contoured trim design presents a symmetrical smooth
profile being suitable for modulating or on/off applications
satisfying a large percentage of process control requirements

• Trim Design Options:


Contoured trim - full and reduced capacities.
• Characteristics available:
Equal percentage, Linear or Quick opening.
• Plug Options:
Metal to metal or resilient seating faces.
• Direction of Flow: Figure 6. Contoured Trim
Valves operating on modulating duty are flowed under
the plug. Valves operating on an on/off duty can be
flowed in either direction.

Figure 7. Soft Face Contoured Trim

Microspline Trim
The microspline trim design is a seat guided construction
having a very high rangeability and for accurate control of
minute flowrates.

• Trim Design Options:


Microspline trim - multiple trim sires
• Characteristics Available:
Modified equal percentage
• Plug Options:
Metal to metal or resilient sealing faces.
• Direction of Flow:
Flow over the plug
Figure 8. Microspline Trim

Figure 9. Soft Face Microspline Trim

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Design Cv Values
Table 3. Contoured Cv Values 1” Valve Size Table 5. Microspline Cv Values

Cv Values Cv Values
Valve Trim Equal Linear Quick Valve Trim Mod
Size Size % Opening Size Size Equal
in. mm in. in. mm %
1
/16 0.40 0.40 - No. 00 3.0
1
/8 0.63 0.63 -
/2
1
15 3
/16 1.20 1.20 - No. 0 1.5
1
/4 2.00 2.00 - No. 1 0.75
3
/8 3.20 3.20 - No. 2 0.45
1
/2 5.00 5.00 5.00 No. 3 0.30
1
/16 0.40 0.40 - No. 4 0.20
1
/8 0.63 0.63 - No. 5 0.13
3
/16 1.20 1.20 -
/4
3
20 1
/4 2.00 2.00 - /2
1
15 No. 6 0.075
3
/8 3.20 3.20 - /4
3
20 No. 7 0.045
1
/2 5.00 5.00 5.00 1 25 No. 8 0.030
3
/4 8.00 8.00 8.00 No. 9 0.020
1
/ 16 0.40 0.40 - No. 10 0.013
1
/8 0.63 0.63 -
No. 11 0.0075
3
/16 1.20 1.20 -
1 25 1
/4 2.00 2.00 - No. 12 0.0045
3
/8 3.20 3.20 - No. 13 0.0030
1
/2 5.00 5.00 5.00 No. 14 0.0020
3
/4 8.00 8.00 8.00 No. 15 0.0013
1 13.50* 13.50* 13.5*
* 1 inch Trim with soft face plug - Cv = 11.0

Table 4. Contoured Cv Values 11/2” - 12” Valve Size

Cv Values
Valve Size Trim Size Standard Contoured Trim - CS
in mm in Equal % Linear Quick Opening
11/2 32 32 37
11/2 40 11/4 21 21 23
1 13.5 13.5 13.5
3
/4 8 8 8
2 50 50 55
2 50 11/2 32 32 37
11/4 21 21 23
1 13.5 13.5 13.5
3 120 120 130
3 80 21/2 85 85 92
2 50 50 55
11/2 32 32 37
4 215 215 225
4 100 3 120 120 130
21/2 85 85 92
2 50 50 55
6 440 470 470
6 150 5 325 325 335
4 215 215 225
3 120 120 130
8 620 680 740
8 200 6 440 440 470
5 325 325 335
4 215 215 225
10 930 990 1140
10 250 8 620 680 740
6 440 440 470
5 325 325 335
12 1340 1420 1640
12 350 10 930 990 1140
8 620 680 740
6 440 440 470
Note: The above Design Cv values apply to valves with body ratings ANSI 150 to ANSI 600. DIN/BS 4504 PN10 to PN100 (Sizes up to 12”/300mm) and
ANSI 150 to ANSI 2500, DIN/BS 4504 PN10 to PN420 (Sizes up to 2”/50mm) as standard.

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Velocity Limitations
In selecting a valve for either a liquid or gas/vapour
application one of the major considerations is the effect of
fluid velocity. High velocity could lead to operational
problems including erosion, excessive vibration and
instability. The following tables indicate the maximum
recommended velocity values for liquid and gas/vapour
services.
Table 6. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Liquid Service for Microspline and Contoured Trims

Valve Size Maximum Velocity


Carbon Steel Alloy Steel Bronze, Cu/Ni Alloys
in mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s ft/s m/s
0.5-2 15-50 41 12.5 46 14 25 7.6
3-6 80-150 34 10.4 34 10.4 20 6.2
8-12 200-300 29 8.9 29 8.9 17 5.2

Table 7. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Gas/Vapour Services for Microspline and Contoured Trims

Valve Size Maximum Inlet Maximum Outlet Max. Outlet Mach Number for
Velocity Velocity Required Noise Level
in mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s >95 dBA <95 dBA <85 dBA
0.5-2 15-50 41 12.5
3-6 80-150 34 10.4 830 253 0.65 0.5 0.3
8-12 200-300 29 8.9

Inherent Rangeability
The inherent rangeability of a control valve is the ratio
between maximum and minimum flow within the working
characteristic at constant pressure drop.
Table 8. Rangeability Values

Trim Size (ins)/Trim Number Maximum Rangeability


00-5 150:1
6-10 100:1
11-15 80:1
/4- /4
1 3
40:1
1-3 55:1
4-6 70:1
8-12 80:1

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Characteristic Curves Maximum Leakage Rates
The inherent flow characteristics of a control valve is the Leakage rates are normally measured in accordance with
relationship between in the flow and the lift of the plug at the ANSI/FCI 70.2 specification using the class designation.
constant pressure drop. The characteristics normally The following Table defines the achievable leakage class for
available are shown on Figure 10. each available plug design.
Figure 10. Characteristic Curves Figure 9. Maximum Leakage Rates
100
Plug Seating Achievable
Quick
90 Opening Design Style Leakage Class
80 Unbalanced Metal/Metal (Std) IV
70 Unbalanced Metal/Metal (Spl) V
Linear Unbalanced Metal/PTFE VI
% Flowrate

60
Note: (Std) or (Spl) refer to the amount of seat/plug lapping carried out at
50
Mod
final assembly.
Eq.
40 %

30
Eq. %
20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

% Valve Lift
Definitions:
• Linear Flow is directly proportional to valve lift.
• Equal % Flow changes by a constant percentage of its
instantaneous value for each unit of valve lift.
• Quick Opening Flow increases rapidly with initial travel
reaching near its maximum at a low lift.

Max. Cv Single
Figure 11. Equal Percentage Contour Trim Characteristic/Flow Lift Value Stage
US Units Trims
10000

1340 12"

1000
930 10"

620 8"
440 6"
325 5"
215 4"

120 3"
100
85 2.5"
Flow Coefficient (Cv) - US units

50 2"
32 1.5"
21 1.25"

13.5 1"
10
8 0.75"

0.1

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Valve lift % of full lift

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Technical Bulletin T12 Introl Series 12 Single
Seated Globe Valves for ratings
ANSI 150-2500 (PN20-PN420)
DIN/BS 4504 PN10-PN400

Introl Series 12 - Features


Performance:
• High Cv to body size ratio.
• Streamlined flow passages to optimise capacity.
• High Cv to valve weight ratio.
• Excellent flow control rangeability.

Design Flexibility:
• Modular construction design available with a range of
different end connections and styles.
• Large variation of trim designs from single stage ported
cage to multiple stage low noise/anti-cavitation trim
designs.
• Wide range of supplementary noise control options.
• Inherently characterised trim offered in equal
percentage, linear and quick opening.
• Optional balanced or unbalanced plug designs.
• All trim components removable from the top for ease of
maintenance.
• Multi trim sizes available.
• Full range of body and trim material options.
• Developed using C.A.D. systems.
• Fully rationalized and interchangeable features.
• Full range of bonnet and packing designs to suit various
temperatures and fluids.

Design Integrity:
• High integrity body/bonnet bolting system design to
ASM E VIII.
• Clamped cage guiding - accepted as the most positive
guiding system on severe service applications.
• Screwed-in seat design incorporating high integrity
sealing system with optional seal welded seat available

Quality Manufacturing:
• Rigorously tested to ensure specified performance on
site.
Figure 1. Introl Series 12 Control Valve illustrated with a High
• Quality assurance systems in accordance with BS5750 Friction Trim and complete with Series ‘G’ Pneumatic Actuator.
Part 1
• Optional full NACE MR-01-75 certification

ABB Control Valves


Engineering Data
- Introl Series 12 Range
General: Modular Design:
The Introl range of globe control valves has been developed The Introl range has been designed around a modular
by ABB Control Valves Ltd. to provide a cost effective manufacturing concept. Using this philosophy, a centre
solution to the ‘final control element’ used in modern plants. body module selected to most suit the specified flow
The valve design combines the successful high integrity conditions and operating data, is combined with an end
features of the Introl Series 10 range with a high capacity, connection size/rating, selected to support that module.
economic design philosophy. The Introl series of control This design feature allows not only the selection of full size
valves are ideally suited to meet the various process control ends, but gives the facility, where conditions permit, to offer
requirements demanded from a wide range of related oversize end connections to suit a particular requirement.
industries

Scope of Design
End Connection Sizes: Inherent Characteristics:
1” to 36” (25mm to 900mm) nominal bore. Equal percentage, Linear or Quick Open.

End Connection Styles: Material Combinations:


ANSI, DIN and BS flanged RF, FF, RTJ (and other grooved A wide range of body/bonnet and trim materials are
designs). Welded profiles including butt weld, socket, etc, available.
clamped and screwed designs Other requirements available
on request. Plug Design Options:
Unbalanced with metal/metal or resilient seating plus
Valve Body Ratings: balanced with metal/metal seating and metallic or resilient
ANSI 1 50to ANSI 2500 (PN 20 to PN420), DIN/BS4504 piston rings.
PN10 to PN400 as standard. Other requirements available
on request. Bonnet Options:
Standard, Extension and Cryogenic bonnet design options
Design Standards: available.
ANSI B16.34 and ASME Section Vlll (for body/bonnet
bolting) Actuation:
Various types of actuation are available including:
Trim Design Options:
Full and reduced Ported cage, HF, XHF, HFD, XHFD, HTF ’A’ Series spring opposed pneumatic diaphragm.
and XHFT available as standard. Semi special and special ‘G’ Series spring opposed pneumatic diaphragm.
trims are available for specific applications. ‘C’ Series spring opposed pneumatic piston
‘D’ Series double acting pneumatic piston

In addition electric, electro-hydraulic, hydraulic and


Sizing/Noise Prediction manually operated versions are available.
The procedures for performing valve sizing, velocity
calculations and the predicted sound pressure level
generated by the Introl range of control valves are detailed
in the Introl Sizing and Selection manual.

2
Guide to Trim Options Available.
Standard Duty:
The Ported cage design is the standard trim option
available, being suitable for modulating or on/off
applications, satisfying a large percentage of process
control requirements.

• Trim Design Options:


Ported cage - full and reduced capacity
• Characteristics Available:
Equal percentage, Linear or Quick Opening
• Plug Options: Fig 2. Ported Cage Design Fig 3. Ported Cage Design
Unbalanced with metal to metal or resilient seating face illustrated with balanced plug illustrated with unbalanced plug
and balanced plug with metallic or resilient piston ring and metallic piston ring option. and resilient seating face option.
options
• Direction of Flow:
Recommended flow over the plug for liquids and under
the plug for gas/vapour

Severe Duty
The High Friction HF family of trim designs has been
developed for high pressure drop applications to prevent
the onset of cavitation and reduce the noise level generated
as a result of both liquid and gas/vapour flow. The XHF
family is an extension of the HF design to provide additional
noise attentuation Figure 3. Normalising

• Trim Design Options: Fig 4. High Friction HF design Fig 5. High Friction XHF design
HF - single stage High Friction illustrated with balanced plug illustrated with unbalanced plug
XHF - single stage Extra High Friction and metallic piston ring option. option.
HFD - doublestage High Friction
XHFD - double stage Extra High Friction
HFT - triple stage High Friction
XHFT - triple stage Extra High Friction
• Characteristics Available:
Equal percent or Linear
• Plug Options:
Unbalanced with metal to metal or resilient seating face
and balanced plug with metallic or resilient piston ring
options.
• Direction of Flow:
Recommended flow over the plug for liquids and under
the plug for gas/vapour.

Fig 6. High Friction HFD design Fig 7. High Friction HFT design
Semi Special Duty illustrated with balanced plug illustrated with balanced plug and
and resilient piston ring option. metallic piston ring option.
To complement the above trim design options, a range of
semi-standard trim designs and auxiliary equipment is
available. These design options are normally individually
engineered to meet the requirements of specific
applications.

• Design Options:
‘Q’ Class attenuators
Varistage
Cylindrical diffusers
Seat exit diffusers
Inlet/Outlet baffles
• Characteristics, plug options and flow direction:
Generally as detailed above for severe duty trims.

Fig 8. Typical ‘Q’ Class attenuator Fig 9. High Friction Varistage


illustrated with balanced plug and illustrated with balanced plug and
resilient piston ring option. resilient piston ring option.

3
Introl Series 12 - Design Cv Values
Flow Coefficient (Cv)
The values detailed in the tables are at the maximum rated
travel and stated in U.S. units.The figures by definition are
related to the flow of water (SG=1) through the valve at full
lift in U.S. Gallons per minute with a pressure drop of 1lbf/in2.

Table 1
Single Stage Trims - rating ANSI 150, 300, 600, PN20-PN100 & DIN PN10-PN400
Nom. End Centre Centre Size Trim Full Ported Reduced Ported HF XHF
Conn. size Module Actual Bore Size
ins. mm Ref. ins. mm ins. =% LIN. Q.O. =% LIN. Q.O. =% LIN. =% LIN.
1 25
11/2 40 A 1 25 1 13 13 14 9 9 10 13 13 9 9
2 50
11/2 40 11/2 30 30 33 20 20 21 30 30 20 20
2 50 B 11/2 40
3 80 1 13 13 14 9 9 10 13 13 9 9
2 50 2 50 50 55 39 39 43 50 50 39 39
3 80 C 2 50
4 100 1 1
/2 30 30 33 20 20 21 30 30 20 20
3 80 3 120 120 125 75 75 80 120 120 75 75
4 100 D 3 80
6 150 2 50 50 55 39 39 43 50 50 39 39
4 100 4 200 210 220 155 155 160 180 200 145 155
6 150 E 4 100
8 200 3 120 120 125 75 75 80 120 120 75 75
6 150 6 440 460 490 295 310 330 400 425 270 290
8 200 F 6 150
10 250 4 200 210 220 155 155 160 180 200 145 155
8 200 8 700 740 800 560 580 630 650 720 510 550
10 250 G 8 200
12 300 6 440 460 490 295 310 330 400 425 270 290
10 250 10 1090 1150 1250 870 920 1010 1020 1120 810 900
12 300 H 10 250
14 350 8 700 740 800 560 580 630 650 720 510 550
12 300 12 1580 1660 1810 1310 1380 1500 1460 1610 1220 1350
14 350 J 12 300
16 400 10 1090 1150 1250 870 920 1010 1020 1120 810 900
14 350 14 2030 2140 2280 1790 1880 2030 1940 2110 1690 1850
16 400 K 14 350
18 450 12 1580 1660 1810 1310 1380 1500 1460 1610 1220 1350
16 400 16 2680 2820 3000 2330 2460 2620 2550 2780 2230 2430
18 450 L 16 400
20 500 14 2030 2140 2280 1790 1880 2030 1940 2110 1690 1850
18 450* 18 3410 3590 3750 3020 3180 3350 3180 3520 2850 3130
20 500 M 18 450
24 600 16 2680 2820 3000 2330 2460 2620 2550 2780 2230 2430
20 500* 20 4230 4460 4650 3800 4000 4180 3940 4360 3540 3920
24 600 N 20 500
30 750 18 3410 3590 3750 3020 3180 3350 3180 3520 2850 3130
24 600* 24 6140 6480 6800 5100 5380 5620 5750 3260 4760 5220
30 750 P 24 600
36 950 20 4230 4460 4650 3800 4000 4180 3940 4360 3540 3920
*Note: Full Size Trim not available with ANSI 600 LB Flange Connection.

4
Table 2
Multi Stage Trims - rating ANSI 150, 300, 600, PN20-PN100 & DIN PN10-PN400
Nom.End Centre Centre Module Trim Liquid Gas/Vapour
Conn.size Module Actual Bore Size HFD XHFD HFT XHFT HFD XHFD HFT XHFT
ins. mm Ref. ins. mm ins. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN. =% LIN.
11/2 40
2 50 B 11/2 40 1 10 10 7 7 8 8 6 6 11 11 8 8 10 10 7 7
3 80
2 50 11/2 24 24 15 15 20 20 12 12 26 26 16 16 24 24 15 15
3 80 C 2 50
4 100 1 10 10 7 7 8 8 6 6 11 11 8 8 10 10 7 7
3 80 2 38 38 30 30 32 32 25 25 40 40 32 32 38 38 30 30
4 100 D 3 80
6 150 11/2 24 24 15 15 20 20 12 12 26 26 16 16 24 24 15 15
4 100 3 95 95 55 55 80 80 45 45 102 102 60 60 95 95 55 55
6 150 E 4 100
8 200 2 38 38 30 30 32 32 25 25 40 40 32 32 38 38 30 30
6 150 4 140 155 110 115 115 130 90 95 155 170 120 125 140 155 110 115
8 200 F 6 150
10 250 3 95 95 55 55 80 80 45 45 102 102 60 60 95 95 55 55
8 200 6 320 330 205 215 270 280 170 180 340 360 225 235 320 330 205 215
10 250 G 8 200
12 300 4 140 155 110 115 115 130 90 95 155 170 120 125 140 155 110 115
10 250 8 520 560 395 415 440 480 330 345 570 610 435 455 520 560 395 415
12 300 H 10 250
14 350 6 320 330 205 215 270 280 170 180 340 360 225 235 320 330 205 215
12 300 10 820 890 630 690 695 760 525 570 900 955 695 750 820 890 630 690
14 350 J 12 300
16 400 8 520 560 395 415 440 480 330 345 570 610 435 455 520 560 395 415
14 350 12 1190 1260 960 1030 1005 1080 800 870 1290 1350 1055 1120 1190 1260 960 1030
16 400 K 14 350
18 450 10 820 890 630 690 695 760 525 570 900 955 695 750 820 890 630 690
16 400 14 1580 1710 1340 1450 1340 1480 1125 1230 1720 1840 1470 1570 1580 1710 1340 1450
18 450 L 16 400
20 500 12 1190 1260 960 1030 1005 1080 800 870 1290 1350 1055 1120 1190 1260 960 1030
18 450* 16 2090 2270 1780 1910 1780 1960 1500 1630 2260 2430 1940 2070 2090 2270 1780 1910
20 500 M 18 450
24 600 14 1580 1710 1340 1450 1340 1480 1125 1230 1720 1840 1470 1570 1580 1710 1340 1450
20 500* 18 2610 2880 2260 2480 2215 2490 1900 2110 2800 3080 2460 2680 2610 2880 2260 2480
24 600 N 20 500
30 750 16 2090 2270 1780 1910 1780 1960 1500 1630 2260 2430 1940 2070 2090 2270 1780 1910
24 600* 20 3170 3450 2800 3030 2670 2950 2340 2560 3450 3730 3060 3290 3170 3450 2800 3030
30 750 P 24 600
36 950 18 2610 2880 2260 2480 2215 2490 1900 2110 2800 3080 2460 2680 2610 2880 2260 2480

5
General Selection Information
The information detailed is intended to act as a general
guide, to assist in the selection of an Introl Series 12 control
valve.

Trim Cv Calculation
A full description of the procedures used for calculating the
Cv on various fluids is detailed in the Introl Sizing and
Selection Manual

Body Selection
Generally, the valve body must be capable of supporting the
selected trim design without producing excessive velocity
The following tables can be used as a guide for determining
the maximum recommended body velocities for liquid and
gas/vapour applications.

Liquid Service
The velocity guidelines detailed in Table 3 below, reflect the
normal inlet and outlet maximum velocities recommended
to eliminate body erosion and prevent trim instability. Other
factors may reduce the following figures further. Refer to
Introl sizing and selection manual.

Table 3. Recommended maximum inlet and outlet velocities liquid service.

Valve Size Maximum Recommended Velocity


Carbon Steel Alloy Steel Bronze, Cu/Ni Alloys
in mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s ft/s m/s
1-12 25-300 43 (60) 13.1 (18.3) 52 (70) 15.8 (21.3) 25 (35) 7.6 (10.7)
14-24 350-600 35 (50) 10.7 (15.2) 43 (60) 13.1 (18.3) 21 (30) 6.4 (9.1)
Above 24 Above 600 25 (35) 7.6 (10.7) 35 (50) 10.7 (15.2) 15 (21) 4.6 (6.4)
Note: Values in brackets refer to centre module limits.

Gas/Vapour Service
The velocity guidelines detailed in Table 4 below, reflect the
normal inlet and outlet maximum velocities relative to the
allowable noise levels.

Table 4. Recommended Maximum Inlet and Outlet Velocities for Gas/Vapour Service

Maximum Recommended Velocity


Allowable Noise Inlet Outlet Mach
Level ft/s m/s ft/s m/s Number
>95 dBA 475 (670) 144 (204) 830 (1150) 253 (350) 0.65 (0.90)
<95 dBA 475 (670) 144 (204) 830 1150) 253 (350) 0.50 (0.70)
<85 dBA 475 (670) 144 (204) 830 (1150) 253 (350) 0.30 (0.45)
Note: Values in brackets refer to centre module limits.

Trim Inherent Rangeability


The inherent rangeability of a valve trim is dependant on a number
of factors including size and style. The values detailed in Table 5
below provide a general guideline to the maximum achievable
values.

Table 5. Rangeability Values

Trim Size (ins)/Trim Number Standard Rangeability


Up to 8” 50:1
10” to 16” 60:1
18” to 24” 70:1
Above 24” 70:1

6
Inherent Flow Characteristics
The inherent flow characteristics of a control valve is the
relationship between in the flow and the valve travel at
constant pressure drop. As with all caged multihole trims the
actual characteristics may vary slightly from the true curve.

Figure 10. Inherent Flow Characteristic Curves


100

90

80
Quick
Flow % of Maximum

70 Opening

60
Linear
50
Eq. %
40

30

20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Valve Lift % of Full Lift


Definitions:
• Linear Flow is directly proportional to valve lift.
• Equal % Flow changes by a constant percentage of its
instantaneous value for each unit of valve lift.
• Quick Opening Flow increases rapidly with initial travel
reaching near its maximum at a low lift.

Maximum Leakage Rates


Leakage rates are normally measured in accordance with
the ANSI/FCI70-2-1976 specification using the class
designation. The following Table 6 defines the achievable
leakage class for each available plug design.
Table 6. Achievable Leakage Class

Plug Seating Piston Ring Achievable


Design Style Design Leakage Class
Unbalanced Metal/Metal (Std) None IV
Unbalanced Metal/Metal (Spl) None V
Unbalanced Metal/PTFE None VI
Balanced Metal/Metal (Std) Alloy 25 III
Balanced Metal/Metal (Spl) Alloy 25 IV
Balanced Metal/Metal (Std) Resilient IV
Balanced Metal/Metal (Spl) Resilient V
Note: (Std) or (Spl) refer to the amount of seat/plug lapping carried out at
final assembly.

Temperature Related Features


The table below gives a general guide to the limitations of
various design features when associated with temperature.
Table 7. Temperature Related Features

Component Temperature Range °C (°F)


-240 to -100 -100 to 0 0 to 250 250 to 550
-400 to -148 -148 to 32 32 to 482 482 to 1020
Bonnet Cryogenic Extension Standard Extension
Packings Tel/Chev Tel/Chev Tel/Chev Graphite
Piston Rings Alloy 25 or Alloy 25 or Alloy 25 or Alloy 25
Resilient Resilient Resilient

7
Table 8. Face to Face Dimensions

1. End 2. Face to Face (RF Flanges) ins. mm


Connection Up to ANSI 150 Up to ANSI 300 Up to ANSI 600
nom. size NP16 NP40 NP64-100
ins. mm ins. mm ins. mm ins. mm
1 25 71/4 184 73/4 197 81/4 210
11/2 40 83/4 222 91/4 235 97/8 251
2 50 10 254 101/2 267 111/4 286
3 80 113/4 298 121/2 318 131/4 337
4 100 137/8 352 141/2 368 151/2 394
6 150 173/4 451 185/8 473 20 508
8 200 213/8 543 223/8 568 24 610
10 250 261/2 673 277/8 708 295/8 752
12 300 29 737 301/2 775 321/4 819
14 350 35 889 361/2 927 381/4 972
16 400 40 1016 415/8 1057 435/8 1108
18 450 453/8 1153 47 1194 491/4 1251
20 500 521/2 1334 54 1372 60 1524
24 600 581/4 1480 60 1524 63 1600
Notes:
1. For other ratings consult the factory.
2. Face to face dimensions comply with ANSI/ISA S75.03
1984.
3. Face to face dimensions exclude RTJ flanges.
4. ABB Control Valves Ltd. reserve the right to confirm
dimensions on certified drawings.
5. Table 8 only applicable when inlet and outlet flanges are
identical.
6. Full dimensional and weight schedule available on request.
Dimensions – Introl Series 12. Ratings ANSI Class 150 – 600 7. In certain cases the centreline to flange outside diameter
(PN20 – PN100), DIN/BS4504 PN10 – PN100 dimension could exceed the centreline to base dimension.

Table 9.

Centre Centre Travel 3. Centreline to yoke mounting 4. Centreline


Module Module Standard Bonnet Extension Bonnet to Base
Ref. Up to ANSI 300 Up to ANSI 600 Up to ANSI 300 Up to ANSI 600 Up to ANSI 300 Up to ANSI 600
(PN 50) DIN PN 64 (PN 50) DIN PN 64 (PN 50) DIN PN 64
ins. mm ins. mm DIN PN 40 - PN 100 DIN PN 40 - PN 100 DIN PN 40 - PN 100
A 1 25 11/8 28 5 / 146
3
4 5 / 146
3
4 8 / 222
3
4 8 / 222
3
4 2 / 67
5
8 25/8 67
B 11/2 40 11/8 28 81/8 206 81/8 206 121/8 308 121/8 308 31/4 82 31/4 82
C 2 50 11/2 38 7 / 187
3
8 7 / 187
3
8 12 / 314
3
8 12 / 314
3
8 3 / 89
1
2 31/2 89
D 3 80 21/4 57 97/8 251 97/8 251 151/8 384 151/8 384 43/8 111 43/8 111
E 4 100 21/4 57 11 279 11 279 16 / 422
5
8 16 / 422
5
8 5 / 143
5
8 55/8 143
F 6 150 31/2 89 131/8 333 131/8 333 187/8 479 187/8 479 8 203 8 203
G 8 200 4 102 153/4 400 153/4 400 213/4 552 213/4 552 83/4 222 83/4 222
H 10 250 5 127 177/8 454 177/8 454 267/8 683 267/8 683 10 254 10 254
J 12 300 6 152 20 / 521
1
2 20 / 521
1
2 30 / 775
1
2 301/2 775 121/2 318 121/2 318
K 14 350 7 178 241/2 622 241/2 622 353/4 908 353/4 908 13 330 13 330
L 16 400 8 203 28 / 721
3
8 28 / 721
3
8 39 / 1013
7
8 397/8 1013 153/4 400 153/4 400
M 18 450 9 229 281/8 714 281/8 714 401/8 1020 401/8 1020 141/4 362 141/4 362
N 20 500 10 254 35 / 902
1
2 35 / 902
1
2 42 / 1082
5
8 42 / 1082
5
8 19 / 489
1
4 191/4 489
P 24 600 12 305 34 864 34 864 461/2 1180 461/2 1180 181/4 464 181/4 464
The Company’s policy is one of continuous product improvement and the right is reserved to modify the specifications contained herein without notice.

Armytage Road
Brighouse
West Yorkshire
England HD6 1QF
Tel: (01484) 710311
Telex: 517281 KENTIV G
Fax: (01484) 721253
Technical Bulletin T20 ‘Classic’ Series 20
Double Seat Globe Valve
for Ratings ANSI 150 - 600
DlN/BS4504 PN 10 - 100

Classic 20 - Features

General.
The Classic Series 20 valve developed by Kent lntrol, will in its basic
form satisfy the majority of general control valve applications where
tight shut-off is not an essential requirement. The construction of this
range of valves is of a simple form using the traditional top and
bottom guided trim philosophy. For high pressure drop applications
the range can be fitted with the High Friction trim design.

Performance:
■■ High flow capacity.
■■ Excellent flow control rangeability.
■■ Cast globe type body proportioned to withstand high pipe
stresses.
■■ Minimum differential plug areas to reduce actuator force
requirements.

Design Flexibility:
■■ Optional anti-cavitation/low noise trim option for high pressure
drop applications.
■■ Inherently characterised trim offered in equal percentage or
linear.
■■ All trim components removable from the top for ease of
maintenance.
■■ Multi trim sizes available.
■■ Full range of body and trim material options.
■■ Fully rationalised and interchangeable features.
■■ Full range of bonnet and packing designs to suit various
application requirements.

Design Integrity:
■■ Heavy duty top and bottom guided construction.
■■ Large diameter stems.
■■ Generously proportioned seat rings screwed into body to
ensure a leak proof joint.

Quality Manufacturing:
■■ Rigorously tested to ensure specified performance on site.
■■ Quality assurance systems certified to BS 5750 Part 1 1987,
IS0 9001 1987, EN 29001/1987, Certificate No. Q5081.
■■ Optional full NACE MR-01-75 certification.
Figure 1 ‘Classic’ Series 20 Valve incorporating a Contoured
Trim and complete with Actuator.

Kent Introl
1
Scope of Design

End Connection Sizes:


1 1/2" to 24” (40mm to 600mm) nominal bore.

End Connection Styles:


ANSI, DIN and BS Flanged RF, FF, RTJ (and other grooved designs).
Welded profiles including butt weld. socket. etc.
Other requirements available on request.

Valve Body Ratings:


ANSI 150 to ANSI 600, DlN/BS 4504 PN10 to PN100 as standard.
Other requirements available on request.

Bonnet Options:
Standard, Normalising and Bellows Seal (Refer to Figures 2 to 4).
Other requirements available on request.

Design Standards:
ANSI B16.34

Trim Design Options:


Contoured and High Friction. Special trims are available for specific
applications.

Inherent Characteristics:
Equal Percentage and Linear.

Material Combinations:
A wide range of body/bonnet and trim materials are available.

Actuation:
Various types of actuation are available including:-‘
G’ Series spring opposed pneumatic diaphragm.
‘C’ Series spring opposed pneumatic piston.
‘D’ Series double acting pneumatic piston.

In addition electric, electro-hydraulic, hydraulic and manually


operated versions are available.

Sizing/Noise Prediction:
The procedures for performing valve sizing, velocity calculations and
the predicted sound pressure level generated by the Series 20 range
of control valves is detailed in the Kent Introl Technical Selection
Manual.

2
Guide to Bonnet Selection
Selection of the bonnet design is undertaken on the basis of both the
operating temperature range and fluid media being handled. Figures
2 to 4 illustrate the bonnet design options available for use with the
Series 20 range.

Table 1 below provides a general guide to the temperature limitations


of various bonnet designs and packing materials available. Where
fluid working temperatures below 0°C (32°F) and above 250°C
(482°F) are specified, normalising bonnets are recommended to
protect the valve packing against extremes of temperature.

The Bellows Seal Bonnet option ensures absolute sealing of the


process fluid within their rated pressure and temperature ranges. An
auxiliary packing box in the upper bonnet serves as an emergency
seal in the unlikely event of bellows failure.

Fabricated extension bonnets in stainless steel are available as a


special option when a longer extension is required on cryogenic
service.

Figure 2. Standard Bonnet.

Figure 3. Normalising Bonnet. Figure 4. Bellows Seal Bonnet.

Table 1. Temperature Related Features.

Temperature Range ° C (° F)
Component – 100 to 0 (– 148 to 32) 0 to 250 (32 to 482) 250 to 550 (482 to 1020)
Bonnet Normalising Standard Normalising

Packagings Tef/Chev Tef/Chev Flexigraph

3
Guide to Trim Options Available

Contoured Trim.
The contoured trim design presents a symmetrical smooth
profile being suitable for modulating or on/off applications,
satisfying a large percentage of process control requirements.

■■ Trim Design Options:


Contoured trim – full and reduced capacities.

■■ Characteristics Available:
Equal Percentage and Linear.

■■ Plug Design:
Metal to Metal seating faces.

■■ Direction of Flow:
See Figure 5.

■■ Degree of Shut Off:


ANSVFCI 70.2 Class Ill (0.1% or rated capacity).

High Friction Trim.


The High Friction HF trim design has been developed for high
Figure 5. Contoured Trim.
pressure drop applications to prevent the onset of cavitation and
reduce the noise level generated as a result of both liquid and
gaslvapour flow.

■■ Trim Design Options:


High Friction Trim – full and reduced capacities.

■■ Characteristics Available:
Equal Percentage and Linear.

■■ Plug Design:
Metal to Metal Seating Faces.

■■ Direction of Flow:
See Figure 6

■■ Degree of Shut-Off:
ANSVFCI 70.2 Class Ill (0.1% of rated capacity).

Figure 6. High Friction Trim.

4
Table 2. Design Cv Values.
Valve Size Trim Size Contoured Trim High Friction - HF trim
in mm in Equal % Linear Equal % Linear
1 1/2 138 38 38 38
1 1/2 40 1 1/4 25 25 25 25
1 18 18 – –
2 67 67 67 67
2 50 1 1/2 38 38 38 38
1 1/4 25 25 25 25
3 144 144 144 144
3 80 2 1/2 105 105 105 105
2 67 67 67 67
4 258 258 258 258
4 100 3 144 144 144 144
2 1/2 105 105 105 105
6 535 575 535 575
6 150 5 385 405 385 405
4 258 258 258 258
8 865 1012 865 1012
8 200 6 535 575 535 575
5 385 405 385 405
10 1375 1456 1375 1456
10 250 8 865 112 865 112
6 535 575 535 575
12 1725 1850 1725 1850
12 300 10 1375 1456 1375 1456
8 865 1012 865 1012
14 2525 2689 2150 2330
14 350 12 1725 1850 1725 1850
10 1375 1456 1375 1456
16 3290 3504 2800 2987
16 400
14 2525 2689 2150 2330
18 4200 4473 3560 3809
18 450
16 3290 3504 2800 2987
20 5170 5506 4380 4687
20 500
18 4200 4473 3580 3809
24 7420 7902 6310 6770
24 600
22 6250 6656 5320 5719
Table 3. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Liquid Service.

Maximum Velocity
Value Valve Size
Trim Style
Rating Carbon Steel Alloy Steel Bronze, Cu/Ni Alloys
in mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s ft/s m/s
1 1/2 - 2 40 -50 41 12.5 46 14 25 7.6
3-6 80 - 150 34 10.4 34 10.4 20 6.2
8 - 14 200 -350 29 8.9 29 8.9 17 5.2
Up to and Contoured
16 - 18 400 - 450 22 6.7 22 6.7 13 4
including 20 500 18 5.5 18 5.5 11 3.4
ANSI600 24 600 12 3.7 12 3.7 7 2.1
(PN 100)
1 1/2 - 12 40 - 300 43 13.1 52 15.8 26 7.9
HF 14 - 20 350 - 500 35 10.7 43 13.1 21 6.4
24 600 25 7.6 35 10.7 15 4.6

Table 4. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Gas/Vapour Flow.

Maximum inlet Maximum outlet Max. outlet Mach no. for


Value Valve Size
Trim Style velocity velocity predicted noise level
Rating
in mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s >95 dBA <95 dBA <85 dBA
1 1/2 - 2 40 -50 340 104
3-6 80 - 150 295 90
8 - 14 200 -350 285 81
Up to and Contoured
16 - 18 400 - 450 190 58
including 20 500 150 46 830 253 0.65 0.5 0.3
ANSI600 24 600 115 35
(PN 100)
1 1/2 - 12 40 - 300
HF 14 - 20 350 - 500 475 144
24 600

5
Weights and Dimensions
Notes:
1. Face to face dimensions comply with ISA S75.03 1964
2. Face to face dimensions exclude RTJ Flanges.
3. Kent Introl reserve the right to confirm dimensions on certified
drawings.
4. CF indicates consult factory.

Figure 7. Classic Series 20 Dimensions for Ratings Ansi 150-


600, PN 10-100.

Table 5. Classic Series 20 Outline Dimensions.

Face to Face Dimension (RF Flanges) Centerline to Bonnet


Body Nett Weight ib [kg]
in [mm] mount ins [mm] Centreline
size Travel
to Base
ins ins
ANSI 150 ANSI 300 ANSI 600 PN Normali- ins [mm]
[mm] Standard Bellows [mm] ANSI ANSI ANSI
PN 10-16 PN 25-40 64-100 sing 150 PN 300 PN 600 PN
10-16 25-40 64-100
F R F R F R L L L M
3 1 1 3 7 3 7 11 1
1
1 /2 8 /4 4 /8 9 /4 4 /6 9 /8 4 /4 7 /16 12 /16 15 / 8 5 1/2 1 1/8 76 83 108
40 222 105 235 111 251 121 189 322 364 140 28 34 38 49
2 10 4 5/8 10 1/2 4 7/6 11 1/4 5 1/4 7 7/8 13 15 1/2 5 7/8 1 1/8 102 108 122
50 254 117 267 124 286 133 200 330 394 149 28 46 49 55
3 11 3/4 5 1/4 12 1/2 5 5/8 13 1/4 6 9 1/2 14 3/8 19 13/16 7 5/8 1 1/2 178 192 228
80 298 133 318 143 337 152 241 365 503 194 38 81 87 103
4 13 7/8 6 1/8 14 1/2 6 3/8 15 1/2 6 7/8 10 5/8 16 1/2 20 13/16 10 1 1/2 285 305 349
100 352 156 368 162 394 175 270 419 529 254 38 129 138 158
6 17 3/4 7 15/16 18 5/8 8 3/8 20 9 13 1/2 18 29 1/2 11 3/8 2 1/4 413 441 595
150 451 202 568 213 508 229 343 457 749 289 57 187 200 270
8 21 3/8 9 1/4 22 3/8 9 3/4 24 10 5/8 14 7/8 20 1 / 2 30 7/16 13 7/16 2 1/4 733 789 1164
200 543 235 568 248 610 270 378 521 773 341 57 332 358 528
10 26 1/2 10 1/2 27 7/8 11 3/16 29 5/8 12 1/16 20 1/4 29 3/4 41 1/4 17 3/8 3 1/2 1273 1394 1989
250 673 267 708 752 752 306 514 756 1048 441 89 577 632 902
12 29 11 1/8 30 1/2 11 7/8 32 1/4 12 3/4 20 3/8 31 9/16 41 13/16 18 1/2 3 1/2 1926 2050 2765
300 737 283 775 302 819 324 518 802 1062 470 89 873 930 1254
14 35 36 1/2 15 3/8 38 1/4 16 1/4 22 1/2 22 1/2 34 3/4 45 1/8 18 5/8 3 1/2 2701 2822 3638
350 889 927 391 972 413 572 222 883 1146 473 89 1225 1280 1650
16 40 18 41 5/8 18 13/16 43 5/8 19 1/8 31 39 1/4 49 5/8 27 1/2 3 1/2 3528 3693 4542
400 1016 457 1057 478 1108 222 787 997 1260 222 89 1600 1675 2060
18 45 3/8 18 3/16 47 19 49 1/4 20 5/8 30 1/4 43 1 / 8 55 29 1/2 4 4287 4575 5402
450 1153 462 1194 483 1251 524 798 1095 1397 749 102 1944 2075 2450
20 54 23 1/16 55 5/8 23 7/8 58 25 1/16 35 1/2 49 1 / 2 59 1/2 34 3/4 5 5 5093 CF
500 1372 586 1413 606 1473 637 902 1257 1511 883 127 127 2310 CF
24 58 1/4 24 3/8 60 25 1/2 63 27 48 56 1 / 2 65 1/8 46 1/4 5 CF CF CF
600 1480 619 1524 648 1600 686 1219 1435 1654 1175 127 CF CF CF

6
Technical Bulletin T30 Three Way Globe Valve
Introl “Series 30” - Inside Seating
Introl “Series 31” - Outside Seating
Introl “Series 32” - Balanced
For ratings ANSI 150-600
(PN 10 - PN 100)

Introl Series 30 - Features


General
The Series 30 valve is a three-way design of valve for use on
blending two separate flows, by having two inlets and a
common outlet port, or dividing a flow into two proportional
parts by having one common inlet and two outlet ports. This
range of valves has been designed in three forms
designated 30, 31 and 32, the first incorporating an inside
seating trim (Fig. 1 ) to provide an economic solution for all
mixing and selected diverting services. Series 31
incorporates an outside seating trim (Fig. 2) which is
specifically designed for high duty diverting service
applications, while the Series 32 uses a balanced plug for
diverting service. Size for size the Design Cv of the trims is
the same regardless of the selected seating arrangement.
An additional Series 32 valve is also available with balanced
trim for high differential pressure shut-off.

Performance:
Figure 1. Introl Series 30 - Inside Seating
• High flow capacity.
• Leakage capability - better than ANSI Class IV and
consistent with normal single seat valve specifications.
• High rangeability - well in excess of usual control
system requirements.

Design Flexibility:
• The availability of either an inner or an outer seated
design to minimise any flow instabilities.
• Standard or normalising bonnets options to suit
temperature conditions.
• Bellows seal available for positive leak proof stem seal.
• Wide range of interchangeable trim sizes.
• Full range of body and trim materials available.

High Duty Parts:


• Heavy duty top guide with additional skirt guiding on
the plug - effective in both seats.
• Seats are generously proportioned and are screwed into
Figure 2. Introl Series 31 - Outside Seating
body to ensure a leakproof seal.
• Case globe type body one piece construction with Quality Manufacturing:
bottom connection bolted to main body. The bottom
connection is in the same material and has the same
• Rigorously tested to ensure specified performance on site.
pressure rating as the main valve body. • Quality Assurance systems in accordance with BS5750
Part 1 1987/ IS0 9001 1987/ EN29001/1987.
• Deep all purpose packing box accommodating a variety
of proprietary packings. • Optional full NACE MR-01-75 certification.

ABB Control Valves


Guide to Valve Selection
Introl Series 30 - Mixing Service
Duties:
Modulating - all mixing service applications.
Characteristic available:
Linear - V Port.
Connections:
Lower Port C - Inlet.
Upper Port B - Inlet.
Upper Port A - Outlet.
Direction of Flow:
See Figure 3.
Degree of shut-off:
See Table 3.
Max. differential pressure at shut-off:
See Table 8 for performance with selected Introl Actuators.

Figure 3. Introl Series 30 - Mixing Service

Introl Series 30 - Diverting Service


Selected Applications
Duties:
Modulating - Selected diverging service applications see Table 8.
Characteristic available:
Linear - V Port.
Connections:
Lower Port C - Outlet.
Upper Port B - Outlet.
Upper Port A - Inlet.
Direction of Flow:
See Figure 4.
Degree of shut-off:
See Table 3.
Max. differential pressure at shut-off:
See Table 9 for performance with selected Introl Actuators.

Figure 4. Introl Series 30 - Diverting Service - Selected Applications

Introl Series 31 - Diverting Service


Duties:
Modulating - Diverting service applications.
Characteristic available:
Linear - V Port.
Connections:
Lower Port C - Outlet.
Upper Port B - Outlet.
Upper Port A - Inlet.
Direction of Flow:
See Figure 5.
Degree of shut-off:
See Table 3.
Max. differential pressure at shut-off:
See Table 10 for performance with selected Introl Actuators

Figure 5. Introl Series 31 - Diverting Service

2
Introl Series 32 - Balanced
Duties:
Diverting Service Applications.
Characteristic available:
Linear - V Port.
Connections:
Lower Port C - Inlet.
Upper Port B - Outlet.
Upper Port A - Outlet.
Direction of Flow:
See Figure 6.
Degree of shut-off:
Up to Class V with resilient seal construction. Temperature
limitation maximum 250°C.
Max. differential pressure at shut-off:
Balanced plug gives potential for high differential pressure
shut-off using Introl Actuator range.

Figure 6. Introl Series 32 - Diverting Service - Balanced

Flow Coefficient (Cv)


All Cv values given in the following table are stated in U.S.
units. The values given are with one port closed. Full
procedure for calculating Cv values is detailed in Introl
Sizing and Selection Manual.

Inherent Rangeability:
The inherent rangeability of a valve trim is dependent on a
number of factors including size and style. The values
detailed in Table 1 below provide a general guideline to the
maximum achievable values.
Table 1. Maximum Rangeability of Introl Series 30/31/32 Three Way
Valves
Trim Size Rangeability
1
/4”-3/4” 33:1
1”-3” 48:1
4”-12” 65:1
Plug Characteristic:
The inherent flow characteristic of the control valve is the
relationship between the flow and lift of the plug at a
constant pressure drop.
The characteristic of the linear “V” port used on both the
Series 30 and 31 valve plug heads is shown in Fig. 6.
100

90

80
Flow % of Maximum

70

60 Linear 'V' Port

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Valve Lift % of Full Lift


Figure 7. Flow-lift characteristic linear “V” port

3
Table 2. Introl Series 30/31 Cv Values† Table 3. Correlation of Kent Introl Three-Way Valve Trims with Seat
Leakage Standard. ANSI/FCI 70-2-1976
Valve Size Trim Size Cv Values
ins. mm ins. Linear ‘V’ Port Leakage Class Suitable Kent Introl
1
/2 5.0 Designation Three-Way Valve Trims
/2*
1
15 3
/8 3.2 I All types of Trim Construction
1
/4 2.0 II All types of Trim Construction
3
/4* 20 /4
3
8.0 III All types of Trim Construction
IV All types of Trim Construction
1* 25 1 11.0 V All types of Trim Construction**
11/2 28.0 VI Three-Way Valve Trim Unsuitable
11/2 40
11/4 17.0 **Specially lapped seating faces.
2 42.0
2 50
11/2 28.0
3 105.0
3 80
21/2 70.0
4 195.0
4 100
3 105.0
6 405.0
6 150
5 275.0
8 605.0
8 200
6 405.0
10 881.0
10 250
8 605.0
12 1264.0
12 300
10 881.0
*Available in Introl Series 30 only.

Cv Valves for balanced Series 32
available on request.

Table 4. Maximum Inlet and Outlet Velocities for Liquid Flow

Valve Rating Trim Direction Valve Maximum Velocity


of Flow Size Carbon Steel Body Alloy Steel Body
ft/sec m/sec ft/sec m/sec
1 to 2 31 9.5 35 10.7
Up to and
including Linear Mixing or 3 to 6 26 8.0 26 8.0
ANSI 600 ‘V’ Port Diverting Duty 8 19 5.8 19 5.8
(PN 100) 10 18 5.5 18 5.5
12 16 4.9 16 4.9

Table 5. Maximum Inlet and Outlet Velocities for Gas and Vapour Flow in Carbon

Valve Rating Trim Direction Valve Maximum Inlet Maximum Outlet Maximum Outlet Mach No.
of Flow Size Velocity Velocity for predicted S.P.L.
ft/sec m/sec ft/sec m/sec >95 <95 <85
1 to 2 225 78
Up to and
including Linear Mixing or 3 to 6 220 97
ANSI 600 ‘V’ Port Diverting Duty 8 200 61 640 195 0.65 0.5 0.3
(PN 100) 10 170 52
12 170 52

Velocity limits given in Tables 4 & 5 are governed by considerations of mechanical vibration. They do not take into account noise levels which should be
considered. Ref. Introl Sizing and Selection Manual.

4
Engineering Data - Series 30/31/32 Actuators and Handwheel:
Size: Introl Pneumatic Series (See Technical Bulletin T36).
Type 30 1/2”-12” dia. 15mm-300mm. Electric and Hydraulic on request.
Type 31 11/2” -12” dia. 40mm-300mm. Hydraulic Snubber fitted to 300in2 Actuator only.
For other sizes consult the factory.
Materials:
Ratings: A wide range of body/bonnet and trim materials are
PN10-PN 100. ANSI 150-ANSI 600. available.
For other standards consult the factory.
Other Accessories:
Connections: Numerous other features and accessories are available
ANSI, PN and BS Flanges. with this range of control valves such as, Steam Jackets,
For other standards consult the factory. Purging Assemblies, Limit Switches, etc. Full details of
which can be obtained from the factory.
Valve Trims:
Sizing Noise Prediction:
Internal and External Seating “V” Port.
The procedures for performing valve sizing, velocity, sound
Flow Characteristics: pressure level calculations, is detailed in the Introl Sizing
Linear. and Selection Manual.

Stem Travel:
See Table of Dimensions Page 8.

Valve Rangeability:
See table on page 3.

Guide to Valve Selection

• Bonnets
Where fluid working temperatures of above 250°C or
below 0°C are specified, normalising bonnets are
recommended to protect the packing against extremes
of temperature. In both cases the standard form of
connection is the bolted bonnet arrangement.
• W Bellows Seal Bonnet
Bellows seal valves ensure absolute sealing within their
rated pressure and temperature ranges. An auxiliary
packing box in the upper bonnet serves as an
emergency seal in the unlikely event of bellows failure.
• Diverting Duties
The Introl Series 30 valve fitted with the Introl Actuator
may be used for selected diverting duty as shown in
Table 7.
• Packing
A full range of packing materials are available.

Table 6. Pressure/Temperature rating of bellows units


Unbalanced Forces
Valve Valve Max. Working Temperature
Size Travel Pressure Range
ins. ins. psig
/2-1
1
11/8 740 Minus
Performance 11/2-2 11/8 740 65°C (85°F)
Data 3-4 11/2 400 Plus
6-8 21/4 345 427°C (800°F)
10-12 31/2 300
At lower working pressures the temperature range may be increased.

5
Table 7. Introl Series 30 Maximum Pressure Drop at flowing conditions for selected Diverting Service Applications

Body Trim Unbalanced Kent Introl Maximum Æp at flowing conditions Hydraulic*


Size Size Area Actuator Standard Actuator Spring Range Standard Actuator Spring Range Snubber
3-15 psi 6-30 psi 3-15 psi 6-30 psi
0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar 0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar
ins. mm ins. ins. Std. O. Size psi bar psi bar psi bar psi bar psi bar
1
/4 0.248 20 1.38
1
/2 15 3
/8 0.406 75 - 20 1.38
1
/2 0.406 20 1.38
3
/4 20 3
/4 0.601 75 - 20 1.38
1 25 1 0.601 75 - 20 1.38
11/4 0.785 - 15 1.00 20 1.38
11/2 40 75 N/A N/A N/A
11/2 1.227 15 1.00 20 1.38
11/2 1.227 15 1.00 20 1.38 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2 50 75 150 N/A
2 2.074 13 0.90 16 1.10 18 1.2 20 1.38
21/2 3.546 10 0.70 15 1.00 16 1.1 20 1.38
3 80 150 300 N/A
3 4.676 10 0.70 15 1.00 16 1.1 20 1.38
3 4.676 10 0.70 15 1.00 16 1.1 20 1.38
4 100 150 300 N/A
4 9.621 8 0.55 14 0.96 15 1.0 20 1.38
5 12.57 6 0.40 12 0.80 13 0.9 18 1.20 N/A N/A
6 150 150 300
6 21.65 4 0.30 9 0.60 10 0.7 15 1.00 28 1.9
6 21.65 4 0.30 9 0.60 10 0.7 15 1.00 28 1.9
8 200 150 300
8 39.87 1 0.07 3 0.20 5 0.34 11 0.76 18 1.2
8 39.87 5 0.34 11 0.76 18 1.2
10 250 300 - N/A N/A
10 70.88 2 0.14 5 0.34 9 0.6
10 70.88 2 0.14 5 0.34 9 0.6
12 300 300 - N/A N/A
12 78.54 N/A N/A 2 0.14 4 0.3
*Available only Kent Introl 300 Actuator
N/A - Not Available

Table 8. Introl Series 30 Mixing Service (All Applications)

Body Trim Unbalanced Kent Introl Maximum Æp at Shut-Off


Size Size Area Actuator Standard Actuator Spring Range Standard Actuator Spring Range
3-15 psi 6-30 psi 3-15 psi 6-30 psi
0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar 0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar
ins. mm ins. ins. Standard Oversize psi bar psi bar psi bar psi bar
1
/4 0.248 850 58.6 1500 103
1
/2 15 3
/8 0.406 75 - 490 33.8 1500 103 N/A N/A
1
/2 0.406 490 33.8 1030 71
3
/4 20 3
/4 0.601 75 150 285 19.7 1030 71 680 46.9 1420 97.9
1 25 1 0.601 75 150 285 19.7 1030 71 680 46.9 1420 97.9
11/4 0.785 203 14.0 776 53.5 508 35.0 1080 74.5
11/2 40 75 150
11/2 1.227 119 8.21 471 32.5 317 21.9 683 47.1
2 50 2 2.074 75 150 58 4.0 274 18.9 176 12.1 393 27.1
21/2 3.546 98 6.76 358 24.7 227 15.7 480 33.1
3 80 150 300
3 4.676 70 4.83 260 17.9 168 11.6 360 24.8
4 100 4 9.621 150 300 29 2.0 122 8.41 78 5.38 171 11.8
5 12.57 19.5 1.34 91 6.27 60 4.14 131 9.03
6 150 150 300
6 21.65 9.4 0.65 51 3.52 31 2.14 72 4.97
8 200 8 39.87 150 300 3 0.2 25 1.72 15 1.0 37.5 2.59
10 250 10 70.88 300 - 7.5 0.52 32 2.20 N/A N/A
12 300 12 78.54 300 - 5.8 0.4 28.5 1.97 N/A N/A
N/A - Not Available

6
Table 9. Introl Series 30 Diverting Service (Selected Applications)

Body Trim Unbalanced Kent Introl Maximum Æp at Shut-Off*


Size Size Area Actuator Standard Actuator Spring Range Standard Actuator Spring Range
Size ins.2 3-15 psi 6-30 psi 3-15 psi 6-30 psi
0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar 0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar
ins. mm ins. ins.2 Standard Oversize psi bar psi bar psi bar psi bar
1
/4 0.248 1500 103
1
/2 15 3
/8 0.406 75 - 1500 103 N/A N/A N/A
1
/2 0.406 1500 103
/4
3
20 3
/4 0.601 75 - 1500 103 N/A N/A N/A
1 25 1 0.601 75 - 1500 103 N/A N/A N/A
11/4 0.785 1080 74.5 1500 103
11/2 40 75 - N/A N/A
11/2 1.227 835 57.6 1500 103
2 50 2 2.074 75 150 392 27 784 54.0 784 54.0 1500 103
21/2 3.546 485 33.4 970 66.9 970 66.9 1500 103
3 80 150 300
3 4.676 356 24.6 712 49.1 712 49.1 1424 98.2
4 100 4 9.621 150 300 174 12.0 348 24.0 348 4.0 696 48.0
5 12.57 130 8.97 260 17.9 260 17.9 520 35.9
6 150 150 300
6 21.65 74 5.10 148 10.2 148 10.2 296 20.4
8 200 8 39.87 150 300 38 2.62 76 5.24 152 10.5 304 21.0
10 250 10 70.88 300 - 46 3.17 92 6.34 N/A N/A
12 300 12 78.54 300 - 41 2.83 82 5.65 N/A N/A
Note: Maximum air pressure to actuator used is 50 psig
*Compressed Spring Limitation
N/A - Not Available

Table 10. Introl Series 31 Diverting Service (High Duty)

Body Trim Unbalanced Kent Introl Maximum Æp at Shut-Off*


Size Size Area Actuator Standard Actuator Spring Range Standard Actuator Spring Range
Size ins.2 3-15 psi 6-30 psi 3-15 psi 6-30 psi
0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar 0.2-1.0 bar 0.4-2.0 bar
ins. mm ins. ins.2 Standard Oversize psi bar psi bar psi bar psi bar
11/4 0.785 203 14.0 776 53.5 508 35.0 1080 74.5
11/2 40 75 -
11/2 1.227 119 8.21 471 32.5 317 21.9 683 47.1
2 50 2 2.074 75 150 58 4 274 18.9 176 12.1 393 27.1
21/2 3.546 98 6.76 358 24.7 227 15.7 480 33.1
3 80 150 300
3 4.676 70 4.82 260 17.9 168 11.6 360 24.8
4 100 4 9.621 150 300 29 2.0 122 8.41 78 5.38 171 11.8
5 12.57 19.5 1.34 91 6.28 60 4.13 131 9.03
6 150 150 300
6 21.65 9.4 0.65 51 3.52 31 2.14 72 4.97
8 200 8 39.87 150 300 3.0 0.21 25 1.72 15 1.00 37.5 2.59
10 250 10 70.88 300 - 7.5 0.52 32 2.21 N/A N/A
12 300 12 78.54 300 - 5.8 0.4 28.5 1.97 N/A N/A
N/A - Not Available

7
Table 11. Dimensions - Introl Series 30 Ratings: PN10-PN100 (ANSI 150-600)

Body Flanged Connections*


Size ANSI Class 150 RF ANSI Class 150 RF ANSI Class 150 RF
NP 10-16 NP 10-16 NP 10-16
F G J K F G J K F G J K
1
/2 71/4 61/4 - - 71/2 61/4 - - 8 61/4 - -
15 184 159 - - 191 159 - - 203 159 - -
3
/4 71/4 61/4 - - 75/8 61/4 - - 81/8 61/4 - -
20 184 159 - - 194 159 - - 206 159 - -
1 71/4 61/4 - - 73/4 61/4 - - 81/4 61/4 - -
25 184 159 - - 197 159 - - 210 159 - -
11/2 83/4 63/8 41/8 73/4 91/4 63/8 43/8 73/4 97/8 63/8 43/4 73/4
40 223 162 105 197 235 162 111 197 251 162 121 197
2 10 71/16 45/8 81/2 101/2 71/16 47/8 81/2 111/4 71/16 51/4 81/2
50 254 180 117 216 267 180 124 216 286 180 133 216
3 113/4 93/16 51/4 107/8 121/2 93/16 55/8 107/8 131/4 93/16 6 107/8
80 299 233 133 276 318 233 143 276 337 233 152 276
4 137/8 107/8 63/4 131/8 141/2 107/8 61/2 131/8 151/2 107/8 7 131/8
100 352 265 157 333 368 265 165 333 394 265 178 333
6 173/4 1213/16 715/16 155/8 185/8 1213/16 83/8 155/8 20 137/8 9 165/16
150 451 325 202 397 473 325 213 397 508 352 229 414
8 213/8 1511/16 91/4 19 223/8 1511/16 93/4 19 24 167/16 105/8 1913/16
150 543 398 235 483 568 398 548 483 610 418 270 503
10 261/2 167/16 101/2 211/4 277/8 167/16 113/16 211/4 295/8 175/16 121/16 221/8
250 673 418 267 540 708 418 284 540 752 440 306 562
12 29 171/16 111/8 221/8 301/2 171/16 117/8 221/8 321/4 1715/16 123/4 23
300 737 433 283 562 755 433 302 562 819 455 324 548
*Face to Face Dimensions in accordance with ISA S.75.03-1979

Table 12. Dimensions - Introl Series 31 Ratings: PN10-PN100 (ANSI 150-600)

Body Bonnets Stem Up Bonnet Travel Stem Standard


Size Position Mount Conn. Actuator
Standard Normalising Bellows Dia. Dia. Size
L M L M L M H Z
1
/2 51/2 - 83/4 - 123/4 - 45/8 21/8 11/8 3
/8
75
15 140 - 222 - 324 - 117 54 28 9.5
3
/4 51/2 - 83/4 - 123/4 - 45/8 21/8 11/8 3
/8
75
20 140 - 222 - 324 - 117 54 28 9.5
1 51/2 - 83/4 - 123/4 - 45/8 21/8 11/8 3
/8
75
25 140 - 222 - 324 - 117 54 28 9.5
11/2 61/4 77/16 111/2 1211/16 1315/16 151/8 45/8 21/8 11/8 1
/2
75
40 159 189 292 322 354 384 117 54 28 12.7
2 65/8 77/8 113/4 13 141/4 151/2 45/8 21/8 11/8 1
/2
75
50 168 200 298 330 362 394 117 54 28 12.7
3 8 91/2 127/8 143/8 185/16 1913/16 55/8 213/16 11/2 5
/8
150
80 203 241 327 265 465 503 143 71 38 16
4 81/8 105/8 14 161/2 183/8 2013/16 55/8 213/16 11/2 3
/4
150
100 206 270 356 420 467 531 143 71 38 19
6 107/8 131/2 155/8 18 267/8 291/2 73/4 39/16 21/4 1
150
150 276 343 390 457 683 750 197 90 57 25.4
8 113/4 147/8 171/8 201/2 275/16 307/16 73/4 39/16 21/4 1
150
150 298 378 435 520 694 773 197 90 57 25.4
10 151/2 201/4 25 293/4 367/16 411/4 9 39/16 31/2 11/4
300
250 394 515 635 756 926 1047 229 90 89 31.8
12 151/2 203/8 2611/16 319/16 3115/16 4113/16 9 39/16 31/2 11/4
300
300 394 518 678 802 938 1062 229 90 89 31.8
*Face to Face Dimensions in accordance with ISA S.75.03-1979

The Company’s policy is one of continuous product improvement and the right is reserved to modify the specifications contained herein without notice.

ABB Control Valves Ltd


Armytage Road
Brighouse
West Yorkshire
England HD6 1QF
Tel: (01484) 710311

Fax: (01484) 407407