Linus Torvalds (Linux) & Richard M.

Stallman (FSF/GNU)

REVOLUTION....

IT’S JUST A KERNEL...
•Named after Linus (Linus + x for UNIX) •Used MINIX w/ GNU GCC to build it •Published Linux 0.99 under GNU GPL •Tux is the mascot (by Larry Ewing) •Created because of opportunity:
1. ATT vs. UC Berkeley (BSD) 2. No GNU HURD Kernel

POPULAR DISTROS - 12/09

GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
The Foundations of the GPL •The freedom to use the software for any purpose •The freedom to change the software to suit your needs •The freedom to share the software with your friends and neighbors •The freedom to share the changes you make.
“The basic idea of the GNU GPL is to establish the four freedoms as inalienable rights, that is, rights that nobody can lose, except through wrong doing. You can't sell them.” - Richard M. Stallman

FILE HIERARCHY STANDARD

LINUX PARTITION SLICES
/ /usr /home /var swap

10% 15% 10% 25% 40%

•Each of these mount points are an actual disk partition slice •Not all mount points need to be their own disk partition •‘swap’ is not a disk mount point, rather a special partition •Four ‘primary’ partitions are allowed on a single disk

REDUNDANT ARRAY OF INDEPENDENT DISKS (RAID)

•RAID 0 is good for performance •RAID 1 is good for desktop data redundancy •RAID 5 is good for cheap, larger scale, redundancy

•Allows for many disks to present themselves as a single disk •Add and replace disks, resizing the drive space easily •Great for dynamic space requirements