Taurus 8: A sleigh without snow

A s l e i g h i s “ a li g h t v e h i c l e m o un t e d o n r u n n e r s a n d ha v i n g o n e o r m o re s e a t s, u s u a l l y d r a w n b y a h o r s e o v e r s n o w o r i c e . ” 1 I t d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( IE ) r o o t sl e i d h - , a s do t h e w o r d s s l e d, s l e d g e , a n d s l i d e . 2 T h e w o r d s n o w de s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t s n e i g w h - w h i c h m e a n s “ sn ow , t o s n o w . ” 3 I t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e n é vé ( t he up p e r p a r t o f a g l a c i e r wh e r e t he s n o w t u rn s i n t o i c e ) ; n i va l ( o f , r e l a t i n g t o, o r g r o w i n g i n o r un d e r s n o w ) , a n d n i ve o u s ( r e se m b l i n g snow; snowy). T H E M E S : T h e n a me f o r t h e r e la t i o n sh i p a m on g t h e k e y w o r d s i s known in rhetoric and logic as the s u b j e c t - a d j un c t d i st i n c t i o n . A n a d j u n c t i s d e f i n e d a s “ a n on e s se n t i a l a t t r i b u t e o f a t hi n g” o r s u b j e ct . 4 T h u s , i f a s l e i gh o r t h e a ct o f r i d i n g i n a s l e i g h i s o u r su b j e ct , t h e n t h e s n o w a n d / o r i ce ma y b e c on s i d e re d i t s a dj u n c t . T h a t i s t o s a y, i t i s o ft e n a s s o c i a t e d w i t h s l e ig h s a n d s l e d d i n g , b ut n o t e s s e n t i a l b e ca u s e i t i s p os s i b l e t o s l e d w i t h o r w i t h o u t s n o w o r i c e . I n t e r e s t i n g l y , i t i s t hi s s ym b o l t h a t p r o v i d e s t h e i n s p i r a t i o n f o r t h e u n l i ke l y s t or y o f t h e J a m a i ca n B o b s l e d T e a m .

1 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/sleigh 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 80 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 81 4 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/adjunct Starling Hunter © 2011 1

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