4.

MOMENT OF INERTIA
Moment of Inertia( Second moment area)

The product of the elemental area and square of the
perpendicular distance between the centroid of area and the
axis of reference is the “Moment of Inertia” about the reference
axis

x
y
x
y
dA
o
I
ox
= da
1
y
1
2
+ da
2
y
2
2
+ da
3
y
3
2
+ --
= ∑ da y
2
I
oy
= da
1
x
1
2
+ da
2
x
2
2
+ da
3
x
3
2
+ ----
= ∑ da x
2
Radius of Gyration
k
k
k
Elemental area
r
1
r
2
r
3
A
A
B
B
Radius of gyration is defined as a constant distance of all
elemental areas which have been rearranged with out
altering the total moment of inertia.
I
AB
= da k
2
+ da k
2
+ ----------
-
I
AB
= ∑ da k
2

I
AB
= A k
2

k=√I
AB
/A

Polar moment of Inertia
(Perpendicular Axes theorem)
The moment of inertia of an area about an axis perpendicular
to the plane of the area is called “Polar Moment of Inertia” and
it is denoted by symbol I
zz
or J or I
p
. The moment of inertia of
an area in xy plane w.r.to z. axis is I
zz
= I
p
= J = ∫r
2
dA = ∫(x
2
+
y
2
) dA = ∫x
2
dA + ∫y
2
dA = I
xx
+I
yy

O
y
x
r
z
x
Y
Hence polar M.I. for an area w.r.t. an axis perpendicular to its
plane of area is equal to the sum of the M.I. about any two
mutually perpendicular axes in its plane, passing through the
point of intersection of the polar axis and the area.
Polar moment of Inertia
(Perpendicular Axes theorem)
Parallel Axis Theorem
d
A B
x

x

dA
y
*
G




Moment of inertia of any area about an axis AB is equal to the
M.I. about parallel centroidal axis plus the product of the total
area and square of the distance between the two axes.

I
AB
=∑dA (d +y)
2

= ∑dA (d
2
+ y
2
+ 2 × d × y)

=∑dA. d
2
+∑dA y
2
+ ∑ 2×d×dA y

= ∑dA. d
2
+∑dA y
2
+ 2×d. ∑ y dA

In the above term (2×d) is constant & ∑ y dA = 0


I
AB
= I
xx
+ A.d
2
MOMENT OF INERTIA BY DIRECT INTEGRATION
M.I. about its horizontal centroidal axis :
Find the moment of inertia of rectangular area about
centroidal horizontal axis by direct integration
12

) (

3
2 /
2 /
2
2
2 /
2 /
BD
y dy B
y dA I
D
D
D
D
x x
=
}
× × =
×
}
=
+
÷
+
÷
G
B
x

x

dy
y
D
D/2
Q 4.1
.
Find the Moment of Inertia of rectangular area about its base-
(about the line AB) using Parallel Axis Theorem
I
AB
= I
XX
+ A(d)
2
Where d = D/2, the distance
between axes xx and AB


B
A
G
B
x

x

dy
y
D
D/2
=BD
3
/12+(BD)(D/2)
2
=BD
3
/12+BD
3
/4
=BD
3
/3

Q 4.2
From similar triangles
Find the moment of inertia of Triangular area about
the base by direct integration
Q 4.3
h
x

B
h/3
x

b
x
y
(h-y)
dy
A
b/h = x/(h-y)
x = b . (h-y)/h
I
AB
= } dA.y
2
= } (x.dy)y
2

h

I
xx
= } (b . (h-y) y
2
.dy) /h

0
= b[ h (y
3
/3) – y
4
/4 ]/h
= bh
3
/12

Q 4.3
h
x

B
h/3
x

b
x
y
(h-y)
dy
A
Using Parallel axis theorem .
MI about any line(AB) = MI about cenroidal parallel axis + Ad
2
Find the moment of inertia of Triangular area about
the centroidal horizontal axis
Q 4.4
h
x

B
h/3
x

b
x
y
(h-y)
dy
A
Centroidal horizontal axis
I
AB
= I
xx
+ Ad
2

I
xx
= MI about centroidal axis x x
I
AB
=

MI about the Base line AB



I
xx
= I
AB
– Ad
2

= bh
3
/12 – bh/2 . (h/3)
2


= bh
3
/36

I
xx
= } dA . y
2

R 2t
= } } (x.du.dr) r
2
Sin
2
u

0 0

R 2t
=} } r
3
.dr Sin
2
u du

0 0
R 2t
=} r
3
dr } {(1- Cos2u)/2} du

0
R
0
2t

=[r
4
/4] [u/2 – Sin2u/4]
0 0

= R
4
/4[t - 0] = tR
4
/4

I
XX
= t R
4
/4 = tD
4
/64
B A
x

x

R
u
du
y=rSinu
r
Find the moment of inertia of Circular area about the
centroidal horizontal axis
Q 4.5 X
I
AB
= } dA . y
2

R t

= } } (r.du.dr) r
2
Sin
2
u

0
R
0
t
=} r
3
.dr } Sin
2
u du

0 0
R t
=} } r
3
dr (1- Cos2u)/2) du

0 0
t
=[R
4
/4] [u/2 – Sin2u/4]

0
= R
4
/4[t/2 - 0]
= tR
4
/8 = (πD
4
/32)
4R/3t
y
0
y
0
B
A
x

x

R
Find the moment of inertia of Semi-circular area about
the Base & centroidal horizontal axis
Q 4.6
using parallel axis theorem:

I
AB
= I
xx
+ A(d)
2



I
xx
= I
AB
– A(d)
2


= t R
4
/8 tR
2
/2 . (4R/3t)
2

I
xx
= 0.11R
4

moment of inertia of Semi-circular area about the
centriodal horizontal axis
I
AB
= I
CD


R t/2
I
AB
= } } (r.du.dr). r
2
Sin
2
u
0 0
R t/2
=} r
3
.dr } Sin
2
u du

0 0
R t/2
=} r3 dr } (1- Cos2u)/2) du

0 0
t/2
=[R
4
/4] [u/2 – (Sin2 u)/4]

0
= R
4
(t/16 – 0) = tR
4
/16
A
B
x

x

C
D
y

y

4R/3π
4R/3π
Find the moment of inertia of Quarter-circular area
about the base & centroidal horizontal axis
Q 4.7X
Moment of inertia about Centroidal axis,
I
xx
= I
AB
- Ad
2

= tR
4
/16 - tR
2
. (0. 424R)
2

= 0.055R
4
Sl.No
Figure I
x
0
-x
0
I
y
0
-y
0
I
xx
I
yy
1
bd
3
/12

-

bd
3
/3


-
2
bh
3
/36


-

bh
3
/12



-
3
tR
4
/4


tR
4
/4



-

-
4
0.11R
4


tR
4
/8



tR
4
/8



-
5
0.055R
4


0.055R
4


tR
4
/16



tR
4
/16


b
d
x
0
x
x
0
x
d/2
b
h
x x
x
0
x
0
h/3
x
0
x
0
y
0
y
0
O

R
y
0
y
0
x
x
x
0
x
0
4R/3π
x
0
y
y
0
4R/3π
4R/3π
Y
Y
X
o

Find the moment of Inertia of the shaded area shown in
fig.about its base.
20mm
5 5
5
5 5
25
15
10 10
5
20mm
30mm
X X
Numerical Problems & Solutions
Q 4.8
20mm
5 5
5
5 5
25
15
10 10
5
20mm
30mm
I
xx
= I
xx1
+ I
xx2
+I
xx3


4
mm
3
10 * 297.5 I
] 20 * 10 * 10
12
10 * 10
[
30 * ) 30 * 20 (
2
1
36
30 * 20
10 ) 20 * 20 (
12
20 * 20
xx
2
3
2
3
2
3
=
+ ÷
+ +
+ =
X X
1
3
2
Solution:-
Q 4.8
Compute the M.I. about the base(bottom) for
the area given in fig.
100mm
200mm
20mm
20mm
80mm
30mm
x
x
25
mm
Q 4.9

100mm
200mm
20mm
20mm
80mm
30mm
x
x
1
2
3 4
5
SOLUTION :-
25
Q 4.9



I
x x
= 200*20
3
/3+[25*100
3
/12+(25*100)70
2
]
+2[87.5*20
3
/36+0.5*87.5*20*(26.67)
2
]

+[100*30
3
/12+100*30*135
2
]
I
x x
=71.05*10
6
mm
4
Q 4.9
Find M.I. about the horizontal centroidal axis for the
area shown and also find the radius of gyration.
x
o
463.5mm
250mm 250mm
100
200mm 200mm
100mm
400mm
400mm
1100mm
y=436.5mm
x
o

Q 4.10
Solution:-
x
o
463.5mm
250mm 250mm
100
200mm 200mm
100mm
400mm
400mm
1100mm
y=436.5mm
x
o
1
2
3 4
5
6
Q 4.10
∑A=1100*100+400*100+400*400+2(1/2*100*400)-π*50
2

=3,42,150 mm
2
∑AY=1100*100*50+100*400*300+400*400*700+[(1/2)*100*
400*633.3]*2 - π *50
2
*700 =14,93,38,200mm
3
Y= ∑AY / ∑A=436.5mm
149338200mm
Q 4.10
Moment of Inertia about horizontal centroidal
Axis:-
I
XoXo
=[1100*100
3
/12 +1100*100(386.5)
2
]+[100*400
3
/12
+(100*400)*(136.5)
2
]+[400*400
3
/12+400*400*(263.5)
2
]+2
[100*400
3
/36+(1/2*400*100)*(196.8)
2
]-
[π*(50)
4
/4+π*50
2
*(263.5)
2
]
I
XoXo
=32.36*10
9
mm
4


r
XoXo
=√(I
XoXo
/A)=307.536mm.

Q 4.10
Compute the M.I. of 100 mm x 150mm rectangular
shown in fig.about x-x axis to which it is inclined at an
angle of u = Sin
-1
(4/5)
X X
u = Sin
-1
(4/5)
A
B
C
D
Q 4.11
X X
u = Sin
-1
(4/5)
A
B
C
D
M
N
K
L
sinu =4/5, u =53.13
o
= From geometry of

fig ,
BK=ABsin(90-53.13
o
)
=100sin(90-53.13
o
)=60mm
ND=BK=60mm
FD= 60/sin53.13
o
= 75mm
AF=150-FD=75mm
FL=ME=75sin53.13
o
=60mm

( )
mm
AB
FC AE 125
8 . 0
100
90 cos
= =
÷
= =
u
E
F
Solution:-
Q 4.11
I
XX
=I
DFC
+I
FCE
+I
FEA
+I
AEB
=125 (60)
3
/ 36+ (1/2)*125*60*(60+60/3)
2

+125(60)
3
/36+(1/2)*125*60*40
2

+125*60
3
/36 +(1/2)*125*60 *20
2

+125*60
3
/36 +(1/2)*125*60*20
2

Ixx = 36,00,000 mm
4
Q 4.11
Find the M.I. of the shaded area shown about AB
.
40mm 40mm
40mm
A B
40mm
80mm
Q 4.12
40mm 40mm
40mm
A B
40mm
80mm
I
A
= I
A1
+ I
A2
+ I
A3
= [80*80
3
/36
+(1/2)*80*80(80/3)
2

+[(0.11*40
4
)+(1/2)π(40)
2
(0.424r)
2
] –[π*20
4
/4]

I
A
=429.3*10

4
mm
4
Solution:-
1
2
3
Q 4.12
Calculate the moment of inertia of the built- up section
shown in fig.about the centroidal axis parallel to AB. All
members are 10mm thick.
250mm
250mm
50mm
A B
50mm
10mm
10mm
50mm
50mm
Q 4.13
250mm
250mm
40mm
A
B
50mm
10mm
10mm
1
2
3 4
5
6
50mm
40mm
Solution:-
Y=73.03mm
Q 4.13



It is divided into six rectangles. Distance of centroidal X-
axis from AB=Y=∑A
i
Y
i
/∑A
∑A=2*250*10+40*4*10=6600mm
2
∑A
i
Y
i
=
=250*10*5+2*40*10*30+40*40*15+40*10*255
+250*10*135
=4,82,000mm
3

Q 4.13



Y= ∑AiYi / ∑A=482000/6600=73.03mm
Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis
=Sum of M.I. of individual rectangles
= 250*10
3
/

12+250*10*68.03
2

+ [10*40
3
/12 +40*10*(43.03)
2
*2
+40*10
3
/12+40*10 (58.03)
2
+10*250
2
/12+250*
10(73.05-135)
2
+40*10
3
/12+40*10(73.05-255)
2


I
XoXo
=5,03,99395mm
4

Q 4.13
Find the second moment of the shaded area shown in
fig.about its centroidal x-axis.

R=20
20mm 40mm 20mm
40mm
20mm
30mm 50mm
Q 4.14
solution:-

R=20
20mm 40mm 20mm
40mm
20mm
30mm 50mm
1
2
3
4
Xo
Xo
31.5mm
Q 4.14
∑A=40*80+1/2*30*30+1/2*50*30-1/2*π*(20)
2
=3772mm
2
∑A
i
X
i
=3200*40+450*2/3*30+750*(30+50/3)
-1/2* π*20
2
*40

=146880mm
3


∑A
i
Y
i
=3200*20+450*50+750*50-628*4*20/3 π= 118666.67mm
3
Y =118666.67/3772= 31.5mm


I
XoXo
= [80*40
3
/12+(80*40)(11.5)
2
]+[30*30
3
/36+
1/2 *30*30(18.5)
2
]+ [50*30
3
/36 +1/2+50*30*(18.50)
2
]-
[0.11*20
4
)+π/2*(20)
2
(31.5-0.424*20)]

= 970.3*10
3
mm
4
Q 4.14
Find the M.I. about top of section and about two
centroidal axes.
10mm
150mm
10mm
150mm
Q 4.15
solution:-
10mm
150mm
10mm
150mm
Yo
Yo
Xo Xo
41.21mm
Q 4.15
It is symmetrical about Y axis, X=0
Y=∑AY/∑A =[ (10*150*5) +(10*140*80)]/[(10*150)+(10*140)
=41.21mm from top
I
XX
= 150*10
3
/12 + ( 150*10)*5
2
+10*140
3
/12+(10*140)
*(80)2 = 11296667mm4
I
XX
= I
XoXo
+ A(d)
2
,where A(d)
2


I
XoXo
=6371701.10 mm
4

I
YoYo
=( 10*1503 /12) + (140*103/12)=2824166.7mm
4









I
XoXo
+(150*10+140*10)*(41.21)
2
=11296667mm
3

Q 4.15
Find the M.I. about centroidal axes and radius of
gyration for the area in given fig.
40mm
10mm
50mm
10mm
Q 4.16
solution:-
40mm
10mm
50mm
10mm
Xo Xo
Yo
Yo
A B
C D
E
G
F
Y=17.5mm
X=12.5mm
Q 4.16
Centroid
X=∑ax/∑a= [(50*10)5+(30*10)25]/800=12.5mm
Y=∑ay/∑a= [(50*10)25+(30*10)5]/800=17.5mm
Q 4.16
I
XoXo
= [10*50
3
/12+(50*10)(17.5-5)
2
]+
[30*10
3
/12+(30*10) (12.5)
2
=181666.66mm
4
I
YoYo
=[(50*10
3
/12)+(50*10)(7.5)
2
]+[10*30
3
/12
+(30*10)*(12.5)
2
]=101666.66mm
4
r
xx
=√(181666.66/800) = 15.07 mm
r
yy
=√(101666.66/800)= 11.27 mm
Determine he moment of inertia about the
horizontal centroidal axes for the area shown.
100 mm
100 mm
60 mm
Q 4.17
solution:-
100 mm
100 mm
60 mm
Y=40.3mm
Xo Xo
1
2
Q 4.17
Y=[(100*100)50-(π/4)60
2
*74.56]/[(100*100)- (π/4)60
2
]
=40.3mm
I
XoXo
= [(100*100
3
/12)+100*100*(9.7)
2
]-
[0.55*(60)
4
+0.785*(60)
2
*(34.56)
2
]
=83,75,788.74mm
4


Q 4.17
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.1. Determine the moment of inertia about the
centroidal axes.
100mm
20
30mm
30mm
30mm
[Ans: Y = 27.69mm I
xx
= 1.801 x 10
6
mm
4
I
yy
= 1.855 x 10
6
mm
4
]

Q.2. Determine second moment of area about the centroidal
horizontal and vertical axes.
[Ans: X = 99.7mm from A, Y = 265 mm
I
xx
= 10.29 x 10
9
mm
4,
I
yy
= 16.97 x 10
9
mm
4
]

200mm
200
300mm
300mm
900mm
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.3. Determine M.I. Of the built up section about the horizontal
and vertical centroidal axes and the radii of gyration.
[Ans: I
xx
= 45.54 x 10
6
mm
4,
I
yy
= 24.15 x 10
6
mm
4
r
xx
= 62.66mm, r
yy
= 45.63mm]
60
100mm
200mm
140mm
20
20
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.4. Determine the horizontal and vertical centroidal M.I. Of the
shaded portion of the figure.
[Ans: X = 83.1mm
I
xx
= 2228.94 x 10
4
mm
4,
I
yy
= 4789.61 x 10
4
mm
4
]
60
60 60
X
X
20
20
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.5. Determine the spacing of the symmetrically placed vertical
blocks such that I
xx
= I
yy
for the shaded area.
[Ans: d/2 = 223.9mm d=447.8mm]
200mm
600mm
d
400mm
200mm
200mm
200mm
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.6. Find the horizontal and vertical centroidal moment of inertia
of the section shown in Fig. built up with R.S.J. (I-Section) 250 x
250 and two plates 400 x 16 mm each attached one to each.
Properties of I section are
I
xx
= 7983.9 x 10
4
mm
4
I
yy
= 2011.7 x 10
4
mm
4
[Ans: I
xx
= 30.653 x 10
7
mm
4,
I
yy
= 19.078 x 10
7
mm
4
]
4000mm
2500mm
160mm
160mm
Cross sectional area=6971mm
2
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.7. Find the horizontal and vertical centroidal moment of inertia
of built up section shown in Figure. The section consists of 4
symmetrically placed ISA 60 x 60 with two plates 300 x 20 mm
2
.
[Ans: I
xx
= 111.078 x 10
7
mm
4,
I
yy
= 39.574 x 10
7
mm
4
]
300mm
Properties of ISA
Cross sectional area = 4400mm
2
Ixx = Iyy ;C
xx
= C
yy
=18.5mm
18.5mm
18.5mm
20mm
200mm
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q.8. The R.S. Channel section ISAIC 300 are placed back to back
with required to keep them in place. Determine the clear
distance d between them so that I
xx
= I
yy
for the composite
section.
[Ans: d = 183.1mm]
Properties of ISMC300
C/S Area = 4564mm
2

I
xx
= 6362.6 x 10
4
mm
4
I
yy
= 310.8 x 10
4
mm
4
C
yy

= 23.6mm
X X
Y
Y
Lacing
d
380mm
23.6mm
EXERCISE PROBLEMS
Q9. Determine horizontal and vertical centroidal M.I. for the
section shown in figure.
[Ans: I
xx
= 2870.43 x 10
4
mm
4,
I
yy
= 521.64 x 10
4
mm
4
]
90mm
160mm
40mm
40mm
40mm
EXERCISE PROBLEMS

Radius of Gyration
A Elemental area

A

r1 r2

k k

r3 B

k B

Radius of gyration is defined as a constant distance of all elemental areas which have been rearranged with out altering the total moment of inertia.
IAB= da k2 + da k2 + ---------IAB = ∑ da k2 IAB= A k2

k=√IAB/A

Polar moment of Inertia (Perpendicular Axes theorem) The moment of inertia of an area about an axis perpendicular to the plane of the area is called “Polar Moment of Inertia” and it is denoted by symbol Izz or J or Ip. The moment of inertia of an area in xy plane w.r.to z. axis is Izz = Ip = J = ∫r2dA = ∫(x2 + y2) dA = ∫x2dA + ∫y2dA = Ixx +Iyy

Y

x

r
y
O

z

x

Polar moment of Inertia (Perpendicular Axes theorem) Hence polar M.I. for an area w.r.t. an axis perpendicular to its plane of area is equal to the sum of the M.I. about any two mutually perpendicular axes in its plane, passing through the point of intersection of the polar axis and the area.

Parallel Axis Theorem

dA x y
* G

x

d
A B

Moment of inertia of any area about an axis AB is equal to the M.I. about parallel centroidal axis plus the product of the total area and square of the distance between the two axes.

∑ y dA In the above term (2×d) is constant & ∑ y dA = 0 IAB = Ixx + A. d2 +∑dA y2 + ∑ 2×d×dA y = ∑dA. d2 +∑dA y2 + 2×d.IAB =∑dA (d +y)2 = ∑dA (d2 + y2 + 2 × d × y) =∑dA.d2 .

MOMENT OF INERTIA BY DIRECT INTEGRATION Q 4. about its horizontal centroidal axis : I x x   dA  y 2 D / 2 D / 2   ( B  dy)  y x D / 2 BD 3  12 2 D / 2 D/2 D y dy G x B .I.1 Find the moment of inertia of rectangular area about centroidal horizontal axis by direct integration M.

2 Find the Moment of Inertia of rectangular area about its base (about the line AB) using Parallel Axis Theorem IAB = IXX + A(d)2 Where d = D/2.Q 4. the distance between axes xx and AB D/2 =BD /12+(BD)(D/2) 3 =BD3/12+BD3/4 =BD3/3 . dy y x 2 D G x A B B .

3 Find the moment of inertia of Triangular area about the base by direct integration dy (h-y) h x h/3 A x y x B b From similar triangles b/h = x/(h-y)  x = b .Q 4. (h-y)/h .

3 dy (h-y) h x h/3 A x y x B b IAB =  dA.Q 4.y2 =  (x.dy)y2 Ixx =  h (b . (h-y) y2.dy) /h 0 = b[ h (y3/3) – y4/4 ]/h = bh3/12 .

(h/3)2 = bh3/36 A b B Centroidal horizontal axis .Q 4. MI about any line(AB) = MI about cenroidal parallel axis + Ad2 IAB = Ixx + Ad2 dy (h-y) Ixx = MI about centroidal axis x x IAB= MI about the Base line AB x h x y h/3 x Ixx = IAB – Ad2 = bh3/12 – bh/2 .4 Find the moment of inertia of Triangular area about the centroidal horizontal axis Using Parallel axis theorem .

Find the moment of inertia of Circular area about the Q 4.Cos2)/2} d 0 R 0 0 R =[r4/4] [/2 – Sin2/4] 2 0 = R4/4[ .dr Sin2 2 r d 0 0 x A  y=rSin x B = r3 dr  {(1.dr) r2Sin2 0 0 R 2 d =  R R 2 r3.0] = R4/4 IXX =  R4/4 = D4/64 .d. y2 =   (x.5 X centroidal horizontal axis Ixx =  dA .

Q 4.6 Find the moment of inertia of Semi-circular area about the Base & centroidal horizontal axis IAB =  dA .0] = R4/8 = (πD4/32) x 4R/3 A R x B y0 .dr) r2Sin2 0 0 R  = r3. y2 =   (r.d.Cos2)/2) d [/2 – Sin2/4]  0 =[R4/4] = R4/4[/2 .dr  Sin2 0 R  =  r3 0 0 0 R  d y0 dr (1.

11R4 .moment of inertia of Semi-circular area about the centriodal horizontal axis using parallel axis theorem: IAB = Ixx + A(d)2 Ixx = IAB – A(d)2 =  R4/8 R2/2 . (4R/3)2 Ixx = 0.

Cos2)/2) d 0 y B =[R4/4] [/2 – (Sin2 )/4] = R4 (/16 – 0) = R4/16 /2 0 .dr).Q 4.7X Find the moment of inertia of Quarter-circular area about the base & centroidal horizontal axis IAB = ICD IAB =   (r.dr  Sin2 d 0 R R /2 x A C 4R/3π x 4R/3π 0 /2 0 = r3 dr  (1. r2Sin2 0 0 R /2 D y = r3.d.

Moment of inertia about Centroidal axis.R2. 424R)2 = 0.Ad2 = R4/16 .055R4 . (0. Ixx = IAB .

Sl.11R4 R4/8 R4/8 - 0.No 1 x0 x Y Figure b d x0 x x0 b h/3 x y0 R O Ix -x 0 0 Iy -y 0 0 I xx bd3/3 I yy - d/2 Y bd3/12 - 2 Xo h x0 x bh3/36 - bh3/12 - 3 x0 4 x0 x 5 y y0 y0 x0 4R/3π R4/4 R4/4 - - y0 y0 x0 x x0 4R/3π 0.055R4 R4/16 R4/16 4R/3π .055R4 0.

Q 4.8 Numerical Problems & Solutions Find the moment of Inertia of the shaded area shown in fig. 10 25 10 30mm 5 5 20mm 15 X X 5 5 5 5 20mm .about its base.

Q 4.5 *103 mm 4 5 5 5 5 20mm .8 Solution:10 25 2 10 30mm Ixx = Ixx1+ Ixx2 +Ixx3 5 5 1 3 20mm X 15 X 20 * 203   (20 * 20)102 12 20 * 303 1   (20 * 30) * 302 36 2 10 *103 [  10 *10 * 202 ] 12 Ix x  297.

I.9 Compute the M. about the base(bottom) for the area given in fig. 100mm 30mm 25 mm 80mm 20mm 20mm x 200mm x .Q 4.

Q 4.9 SOLUTION :100mm 5 30mm 80mm 25 2 3 1 4 20mm 20mm x 200mm x .

Q 4.67)2] +[100*303/12+100*30*1352] Ix x=71.05*106mm4 .9 Ix x = 200*203/3+[25*1003/12+(25*100)702] +2[87.5*203/36+0.5*20*(26.5*87.

5mm xo 250mm 250mm xo y=436.I.5mm 400mm 100mm 1100mm . 200mm 200mm 400mm 100 463. about the horizontal centroidal axis for the area shown and also find the radius of gyration.10 Find M.Q 4.

5mm 4 250mm 100 xo 250mm xo y=436.Q 4.5mm 400mm 1 2 100mm 1100mm .10 Solution:200mm 200mm 400mm 3 5 6 463.

5mm =14.42.93.π *502*700 Y= ∑AY / ∑A=436.200mm 3 .Q 4.150 mm2 ∑AY=1100*100*50+100*400*300+400*400*700+[(1/2)*100* 400*633.38.10 ∑A=1100*100+400*100+400*400+2(1/2*100*400)-π*502 =3.3]*2 .

8)2][π*(50)4/4+π*502*(263.536mm.Q 4.5)2] IXoXo =32.5)2]+[400*4003/12+400*400*(263.5)2]+[100*4003/12 +(100*400)*(136.36*109mm4 rXoXo=√(IXoXo/A)=307. .5)2]+2 [100*4003/36+(1/2*400*100)*(196.10 Moment of Inertia about horizontal centroidal Axis:IXoXo =[1100*1003/12 +1100*100(386.

Q 4.I. of 100 mm x 150mm rectangular shown in fig.11 Compute the M.about x-x axis to which it is inclined at an angle of  = Sin-1(4/5) D C A  = Sin-1(4/5) X B X .

11 Solution:D F N M C sin =4/5.8 .13o= 75mm AF=150-FD=75mm FL=ME=75sin53.13o = From geometry of fig .13o=60mm AB 100 AE  FC    125mm cos90    0.Q 4.  =53. BK=ABsin(90-53.13 ) =100sin(90-53.13o )=60mm ND=BK=60mm o A X L K E B  = Sin-1(4/5) FD= X 60/sin53.

11 IXX=IDFC+IFCE+IFEA+IAEB =125 (60)3/ 36+ (1/2)*125*60*(60+60/3)2 +125(60)3 /36+(1/2)*125*60*402 +125*60 /36 +(1/2)*125*60 *20 +125*603/36 +(1/2)*125*60*202 Ixx = 36.Q 4.000 mm4 3 2 .00.

Q 4. of the shaded area shown about AB.12 Find the M.I. 80mm A 40mm B 40mm 40mm 40mm .

12 Solution:IA = IA1 + IA2 + IA3 = [80*803/36 1 80mm +(1/2)*80*80(80/3)2 +[(0.3*10 4mm4 A 40mm 40mm .Q 4.424r)2] –[π*204/4] 2 40mm I =429.11*404)+(1/2)π(40)2 A 40mm 3 B (0.

13 Calculate the moment of inertia of the built. 250mm A 50mm 50mm 10mm 250mm B 50mm 10mm 50mm . All members are 10mm thick.about the centroidal axis parallel to AB.Q 4.up section shown in fig.

13 Solution:250mm A 2 B 4 50mm 3 5 40mm Y=73.03mm 40mm 10mm 1 250mm 10mm 6 50mm .Q 4.

82.Q 4. Distance of centroidal Xaxis from AB=Y=∑Ai Yi /∑A ∑A=2*250*10+40*4*10=6600mm2 ∑Ai Yi = =250*10*5+2*40*10*30+40*40*15+40*10*255 +250*10*135 =4.13 It is divided into six rectangles.000mm3 .

03mm Moment of Inertia about centroidal axis =Sum of M.I.05-255) IXoXo =5.03)2 *2 +40*103/12+40*10 (58.03)2 +10*2502 /12+250* 10(73.05-135) +40*10 /12+40*10(73.99395mm4 2 3 2 .13 Y= ∑AiYi / ∑A=482000/6600=73. of individual rectangles = 250*103/ 12+250*10*68.03.Q 4.032 + [10*403/12 +40*10*(43.

14 Find the second moment of the shaded area shown in fig.Q 4.about its centroidal x-axis. 30mm 20mm 50mm 40mm R=20 20mm 40mm 20mm .

Q 4.5mm 20mm 40mm 20mm .14 solution:- 30mm 20mm Xo 40mm 2 3 50mm Xo 1 4 R=20 31.

5mm = [80*403/12+(80*40)(11.5)2 ]+ [50*303 /36 +1/2+50*30*(18.50)2][0.11*204 )+π/2*(20)2 (31.67mm3 Y =118666.67/3772= 31.5-0.5)2 ]+[30*303/36+ IXoXo 1/2 *30*30(18.3*103mm4 .Q 4.424*20)] = 970.14 ∑A=40*80+1/2*30*30+1/2*50*30-1/2*π*(20)2 =3772mm2 ∑AiXi =3200*40+450*2/3*30+750*(30+50/3) -1/2* π*202 *40 =146880mm3 ∑AiYi =3200*20+450*50+750*50-628*4*20/3 π= 118666.

15 Find the M. 150mm 10mm 150mm 10mm .I. about top of section and about two centroidal axes.Q 4.

15 solution:150mm Yo 41.Q 4.21mm 10mm Xo Xo 150mm Yo 10mm .

15 It is symmetrical about Y axis.where A(d) IXoXo =6371701.7mm4 IXoXo+(150*10+140*10)*(41.10 mm4 2 2 IYoYo =( 10*1503 /12) + (140*103/12)=2824166.Q 4. X=0 Y=∑AY/∑A =[ (10*150*5) +(10*140*80)]/[(10*150)+(10*140) =41.21)2=11296667mm3 .21mm from top IXX= 150*103 /12 + ( 150*10)*52 +10*1403 /12+(10*140) *(80)2 = 11296667mm4 IXX = IXoXo + A(d) .

about centroidal axes and radius of gyration for the area in given fig.Q 4.I.16 Find the M. 10mm 50mm 10mm 40mm .

5mm 10mm 40mm X=12.5mm .Q 4.16 solution:10mm A B Yo 50mm Xo E C D Yo Xo F G Y=17.

5mm IXoXo = [10*503/12+(50*10)(17.5mm Y=∑ay/∑a= [(50*10)25+(30*10)5]/800=17.16 Centroid X=∑ax/∑a= [(50*10)5+(30*10)25]/800=12.27 mm 2 4 .66mm4 IYoYo=[(50*103/12)+(50*10)(7.66mm rxx=√(181666.5)2 =181666.66/800) = 15.5-5)2]+ [30*103/12+(30*10) (12.5)2]+[10*303/12 +(30*10)*(12.07 mm ryy=√(101666.Q 4.66/800)= 11.5) ]=101666.

Q 4. 60 mm 100 mm 100 mm .17 Determine he moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axes for the area shown.

Q 4.17 solution:- 60 mm 100 mm Xo 1 2 Xo Y=40.3mm 100 mm .

55*(60)4+0.75.785*(60)2*(34.788.56)2 ] =83.74mm4 3 2 .3mm IXoXo= [(100*100 /12)+100*100*(9.Q 4.56]/[(100*100).(π/4)602] =40.7) ][0.17 Y=[(100*100)50-(π/4)602*74.

Determine the moment of inertia about the centroidal axes.855 x 106mm4] . 30mm 30mm 20 30mm 100mm [Ans: Y = 27.1.801 x 106mm4 Iyy = 1.69mm Ixx = 1.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q.

2. Iyy = 16.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q.7mm from A.29 x 109mm4.97 x 109mm4] . 300mm 300mm 200 200mm 900mm [Ans: X = 99. Y = 265 mm Ixx = 10. Determine second moment of area about the centroidal horizontal and vertical axes.

54 x 106mm4.66mm. Iyy = 24.3. Determine M.I.15 x 106mm4 rxx = 62.63mm] . Of the built up section about the horizontal and vertical centroidal axes and the radii of gyration. 200mm 20 60 140mm 20 100mm [Ans: Ixx = 45.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q. ryy = 45.

Iyy = 4789.4.61 x 104mm4] .94 x 104mm4. X 60 20 20 X 60 60 [Ans: X = 83.I. Of the shaded portion of the figure.1mm Ixx = 2228. Determine the horizontal and vertical centroidal M.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q.

5.8mm] . Determine the spacing of the symmetrically placed vertical blocks such that Ixx = Iyy for the shaded area.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q. 200mm 400mm 200mm d 200mm 200mm 600mm [Ans: d/2 = 223.9mm d=447.

(I-Section) 250 x 250 and two plates 400 x 16 mm each attached one to each. built up with R.9 x 104mm4 Iyy = 2011.7 x 104mm4 160mm 2500mm Cross sectional area=6971mm2 160mm 4000mm [Ans: Ixx = 30.6. Find the horizontal and vertical centroidal moment of inertia of the section shown in Fig.J.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q. Properties of I section are Ixx = 7983.078 x 107mm4] .653 x 107mm4. Iyy = 19.S.

5mm 18. Iyy = 39. Properties of ISA Cross sectional area = 4400mm2 Ixx = Iyy .5mm 300mm [Ans: Ixx = 111.574 x 107mm4] .5mm 200mm 20mm 18.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q. The section consists of 4 symmetrically placed ISA 60 x 60 with two plates 300 x 20 mm2.7. Find the horizontal and vertical centroidal moment of inertia of built up section shown in Figure.078 x 107mm4.Cxx = Cyy =18.

8. The R. Properties of ISMC300 C/S Area = 4564mm2 23.S.1mm] Y .8 x 104mm4 X d Cyy = 23.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q. Channel section ISAIC 300 are placed back to back with required to keep them in place.6mm Lacing Y Ixx = 6362.6 x 104mm4 Iyy = 310.6mm X 380mm [Ans: d = 183. Determine the clear distance d between them so that Ixx = Iyy for the composite section.

Determine horizontal and vertical centroidal M.43 x 104mm4. Iyy = 521. for the section shown in figure. 40mm 160mm 40mm 40mm 90mm [Ans: Ixx = 2870.64 x 104mm4] .I.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q9.

40mm 160mm 40mm 40mm 90mm [Ans: Ixx = 2870.43 x 104mm4.I.EXERCISE PROBLEMS Q9. Iyy = 521. for the section shown in figure.64 x 104mm4] . Determine horizontal and vertical centroidal M.

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