SeisWorks/3D Introduction

© 2004-2005 Landmark Graphics Corporation

SeisWorks 2003.12.2

September 2005

© 2004, 2005 Landmark Graphics Corporation All Rights Reserved Worldwide

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3DFS, 3D Drill View, 3D Drill View KM, 3DView, 3D Surveillance, Active Field Surveillance, Active Reservoir Surveillance, ADC, Advanced Data Transfer, ARIES, Asset Development Center, Asset Development Centre, Asset Performance, AssetView, Atomic Meshing, BLITZPAK, CasingSeat, COMPASS, Corporate Data Archiver, Corporate Data Store, Data Manager, DataStar, DBPlot, Decision Suite, Decisionarium, DecisionSpace, DecisionSpace AssetPlanner, DecisionSpace AssetView, DecisionSpace Atomic Meshing, DecisionSpace Decision Management Systems(DMS), DecisionSpace Nexus, DecisionSpace PowerGrid, DecisionSpace PowerModel, DecisionSpace PrecisionTarget, DecisionSpace TracPlanner, DecisionSpace Well Seismic Fusion, DepthTeam, DepthTeam Explorer, DepthTeam Express, DepthTeam Express3, DepthTeam Extreme, DepthTeam Interpreter, Desktop Navigator, DESKTOP-PVT, DESKTOP-VIP, DEX, DFW, DIMS, Discovery, Discovery Asset, Drill-to-the-Earth Model, Drillability Suite, Drilling Desktop, DrillModel, DSS, Dynamic Reservoir Management, Dynamic Surveillance System, EDM, eLandmark, Engineer’s Data Model, Engineer's Desktop, Engineer’s Link, Executive Assistant, ezFault, ezSurface, ezTracker, FG+, FastTrack, FieldPlan, FieldWorks, FZAP!, GeoDataLoad, GeoGraphix (stylized), GeoGraphix Exploration System, GeoLink, GeoProbe, GeoProbe GF DataServer, GES, GESXplorer, GMAplus, GRIDGENR, Handheld Field Operator, I2 Enterprise, iDIMS, IsoMap, iWellFile, Landmark, Landmark and Design, Landmark logo and Design, Landmark Decision Center, LandScape, LeaseMap, LMK Resources, LogEdit, LogM, LogPrep, Magic Earth, MagicDesk, MagicStation, MagicVision, Make Great Decisions, MathPack, Model Builder, MyLandmark, Nexus, Object MP, OpenBooks, OpenExplorer, OpenJournal, OpenSGM, OpenVision, OpenWells, OpenWire, OpenWorks, OpenWorks Well File, PAL, Parallel-VIP, PetroBank, PetroWorks, PlotView, Point Gridding Plus, Pointing Dispatcher, PostStack, PostStack ESP, PowerCalculator, PowerExplorer, PowerHub, Power Interpretation, PowerJournal, PowerModel, PowerSection, PowerView, Production Asset Manager, PRIZM, PROFILE, Project Administrator, ProMAGIC, ProMAX, ProMAX 2D, ProMAX 3D, ProMAX 3DPSDM, ProMAX MVA, ProMAX VSP, pSTAx, QUICKDIF, QUIKCDP, QUIKDIG, QUIKRAY, QUIKSHOT, QUIKVSP, RAVE, RAYMAP, RTOC, Real-Time Asset Management Center, Real-Time Asset Management Centre, Real Time Knowledge Company, Real-Time Operations Center, Real Time Production Surveillance, Real Time Surveillance, Reference Data Manager, RESev, ResMap, RMS, SCAN, SeisCube, SeisMap, SeisModel, SeisSpace, SeisVision, SeisWell, SeisWorks, SeisXchange, Sierra, Sierra (design), SigmaView, SimResults, SIVA, smartSECTION, Spatializer, SpecDecomp, StrataAmp, StrataMap, Stratamodel, StrataSim, StratWorks, StressCheck, STRUCT, Surf & Connect, SynTool, TDQ, Team Workspace, TERAS, Total Drilling Performance, TOW/cs, TOW/cs The Oilfield Workstation, TracPlanner, Trend Form Gridding, Turbo Synthetics, VIP, VIP-COMP, VIP-CORE, VIP-DUAL, VIP-ENCORE, VIP-EXECUTIVE, VIP-Local Grid Refinement, VIP-THERM, WavX, Web Editor, Web OpenWorks, Well Seismic Fusion, Wellbase, Wellbore Planner, Wellbore Planner Connect, WELLCAT, WELLPLAN, WellXchange, WOW, Xsection, You're in Control. Experience the difference, ZAP!, and Z-MAP Plus are trademarks, registered trademarks or service marks of Landmark Graphics Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Note The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as a commitment by Landmark Graphics Corporation. Landmark Graphics Corporation assumes no responsibility for any error that may appear in this manual. Some states or jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of expressed or implied warranties in certain transactions; therefore, this statement may not apply to you.

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SeisWorks/3D Introduction

Contents

SeisWorks/3D Introduction
Sources of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Online Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Manual Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

SeisWorks Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Project Management in SeisWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Data Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seismic Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OpenWorks Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OpenWorks Interpreters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OpenWorks Well Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fault Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Data Loading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 20 22 24 25 25 26

Starting OpenWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Creating a New Seismic Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Modifying the Project Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Starting SeisWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Setting the Seismic Project Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Working with Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saving a Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Opening an Existing Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deleting a Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 39 40 42

R2003.12.2

Contents

3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Scroll Bars . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Window Managers . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Exiting SeisWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Common Dialog Box Pushbuttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Working with Multiple Screens. . . . . . . 48 From the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Font Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Option Menus. . . . . . . . . .2 Contents 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 More Horizons Available for Display . . . . . . .75 Number Editors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Menu Bars . . . . . . . . 60 Working with Selection Dialog Boxes . . . . . . 72 SeisWorks Conventions . . . . . . . . . 79 Status Bars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 From an Existing Window. . . . . . . . . . . .84 Mouse Button Clicks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 The Role of Status Bars in Various Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Menu Item Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Screen and Window Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 R2003. . . . . . . . . . 78 Tool Tips . . . . . . . . . 51 Switching Screens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Checkboxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Text Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Saving User Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . .76 Radio Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Expert Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Icons . . . . . . . . 84 Dragging and Dropping Horizons and Faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Opening Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Using Color Control Features . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Contents 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switch Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Assessing the Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 96 97 97 98 99 Interpretation Strategies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Typical Workflow . . . . . . . . . Redrawing the Display . . . . . . . Double-Click To Accept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <Return> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 R2003. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Auto-tracking Your Horizons . . . . . . . . . . . Double. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Triangularization and Gridding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WOW Seismic Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SeisWorks Data Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 119 121 122 Analyzing the Horizon Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Seismic View Icons . . . . 116 Interpreting Major Faults and Horizons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Map View Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 104 105 106 108 Viewing the Data . . . . . . . . WOW Horizon Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12. . . . . . . . . 123 Creating Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ZAP! and Batch ZAP! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Using WOW Data Tables . . . . . 110 Establishing Ties Between Wells and Seismic Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Refining the Fault Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .or Triple-Click To Highlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Appendix A: SeisWorks/3D Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Button 3 Popup Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Perspective View Icons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151 R2003. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145 Appendix C: Mouse Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12. . . . . . . . . . . . .138 Appendix B: Expert Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Contents 6 . . . .149 Index . . . . . . . . . . .147 Fault Action Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147 Horizon Action Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136 Horizon Image Map View Icons .141 Programmable Expert Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

all the functionality related to faults is covered in the SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation manual. expert keys. a table arranged by task and including both SeisWorks documentation and relevant OpenWorks documentation is provided on page 10. The manuals and the topics they cover are summarized in the following table. and mouse actions creating and modifying 3D projects merging 2D and 3D project data setting up user accounts setting up project directories upgrading SeisWorks 4.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Sources of Information SeisWorks/3D Manuals SeisWorks/3D comes with a suite of manuals designed to help you learn the product quickly and use it effectively. In general.x projects 3D project files R2003. A Quick Guide to the SeisWorks/3D Manuals Manual SeisWorks/3D Tutorial SeisWorks/3D Introduction Scope A step-by-step introduction to the main functionality in SeisWorks/3D • • • • • SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management • • • • • • starting and exiting SeisWorks setting the seismic project datum conventions and shortcuts interpretation strategies SeisWorks icons. SeisWorks/3D manuals are available from the Help menu.2 7 . In addition. Typical workflows are provided and can be used as a rough guide or starting point. these manuals are organized by tasks. for example.

a list of utilities by function is also provided. horizon and fault management. R2003. etc. Utilities are arranged alphabetically in the manual.12.2 8 . data loading. and top picks working with time-depth tables procedures for shifting wells using well planning options creating horizon files tracking horizons performing horizon computations and map analysis changing horizon attributes or names deleting horizon files displaying and tracking fault segments creating faults and fault planes triangulating fault planes calculating fault heaves changing fault attributes or names deleting fault segments or planes generating computed contours creating manual contours generating scaled hardcopy plots creating and merging 2D and 3D project data exporting and importing data to and from ASCII files exporting data to the database exporting data for processing exporting data to plotting moving faults from geology product format to seismic product format loading and converting seismic data processing stacked data (AGC. etc. curves. synthetics.) performing data management Descriptions of SeisWorks utilities that aid in project management. scaling.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction A Quick Guide to the SeisWorks/3D Manuals (Continued) Manual SeisWorks/3D Data Display Scope • • • • • SeisWorks/3D Wells • • • • SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation • • • • • SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation • • • • • • SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots • • • SeisWorks Merge SeisWorks/3D Integration • • • • • • 3D Batch Control Monitor (bcm3D) • • • Seismic Project Utilities displaying data in all views selecting seismic lines for display generating complex trace attributes using color displaying map overlays displaying wells.

) performing data management PostStack Data Loading 3D Batch Control Monitor (bcm3D) R2003. etc.) These manuals include the following: A Quick Guide to the SeisWorks/3D Manuals Manual Introduction to Seismic Project Manager Scope • • • • SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management • • • • • • Seismic Project Utilities 3D project workflows glossary of seismic project utilities creating seismic projects and survey names backing up and restoring SeisWorks projects creating and modifying 3D projects merging 2D and 3D project data setting up user accounts setting up project directories upgrading SeisWorks 4.2 9 . data loading. scaling.12.x projects 3D project files Descriptions of SeisWorks utilities that aid in project management. • • • • loading seismic data loading and converting seismic data processing stacked data (AGC. Utilities are arranged alphabetically in the manual. horizon and fault management. (Some are also found in the SeisWorks/3D Help menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Manuals that provide information about creating and managing 3D seismic projects are available from the Help menu of the Seismic Project Manager launcher. a list of utilities by function is also provided. etc.

12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation Common tasks are listed in the following table. 1 and 2 fault data SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation Seismic Project Utilities R2003. Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation Tasks Install Software OpenWorks and Oracle Release Notes for OpenWorks Planning the Installation OpenWorks Installation Procedures SeisWorks Release Notes for SeisWorks Documentation Create and Manage Projects OpenWorks projects Release Notes for OpenWorks OpenWorks Project Management SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management SeisWorks projects Release Notes for SeisWorks SeisWorks/3D Introduction SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management Introduction to Seismic Project Manager Load Data Seismic data SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management 3D Batch Control Monitor PostStack Data Loading 3D Batch Control Monitor (bcm3D) OpenWorks Data Import/Export well and curve data Release Notes for OpenWorks and OpenWorks Data Import/Export SeisWorks/3D Introduction OpenWorks Data Import/Export OpenWorks Data Management. Vols. along with references to the manuals where you will find information and instructions. OpenWorks documentation is included in this list where appropriate.2 10 . Since SeisWorks runs in the OpenWorks environment.

“Presentation Utilities” chapter R2003.12. Vol... 1. “Presentation Utilities” chapter OpenWorks Data Management. 1 Interpret Data General Release Notes for SeisWorks SeisWorks/3D Tutorial SeisWorks/3D Introduction Horizons SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation ZAP! Seismic Project Utilities Faults SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation FZAP! Seismic Project Utilities Maps SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots Documentation Generate Hardcopy and Create Demonstrations Scaled plots from SeisWorks views Screen Captures Demonstration Sequences SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots OpenWorks Data Management. Vol. Vol.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation (Continued) Tasks Display Data Seismic data Horizon data SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation Fault data SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation Map data SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots Well data SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Wells Well plans SeisWorks/3D Data Display SeisWorks/3D Wells Map overlay data SeisWorks/3D Data Display “Mapping Overlay Manager” chapter in OpenWorks Data Management.2 11 . 1.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation (Continued) Tasks Import and Export Data Map data. or manual contours in ASCII files Seismic data for poststack processing Data to Z-MAP Plus Map data to/from OpenWorks database Horizon data to/from ASCII files Fault data between OpenWorks database and ASCII files Well data Troubleshooting OpenWorks and SeisWorks Well display in SeisWorks OpenWorks Troubleshooting Guide OpenWorks Troubleshooting Guide SeisWorks/3D Wells Computed contours in SeisWorks Understand Data Storage Seismic project files: seismic data SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management 3D Batch Control Monitor horizon data map data SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots SeisWorks/3D Integration OpenWorks Data Import/Export SeisWorks/3D Integration SeisWorks/3D Integration SeisWorks/3D Integration SeisWorks/3D Integration SeisWorks/3D Integration Documentation OpenWorks Data Import/Export R2003.2 12 .12.

2 13 .12. The documentation for the data model is available in the OpenWorks Software Development Kit and on the Landmark Graphics Corp.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Task-Oriented Guide to Documentation (Continued) Tasks Oracle database: Documentation SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management SeisWorks/3D Introduction OpenWorks Project Management • well & curve data OpenWorks Data Model (Refer to this source for a complete discussion of the relational data model used by OpenWorks products. Web site at www.com.lgc. Seismic Project Utilities SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management Introduction to Seismic Project Manager 3D Batch Control Monitor OpenWorks projects OpenWorks Project Management 3D Batch Control Monitor R2003.) SeisWorks3D/Wells • fault data SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation Back Up and Restore Projects SeisWorks projects “Backup/Restore” chapter.

Expert Keys summarizes all the expert keys available in SeisWorks. OpenWorks manuals are also available online and can be accessed from the Help menus of OpenWorks applications and utilities.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Online Documentation All the SeisWorks manuals and release notes are provided online. Scrolling down. Release Notes displays the release notes for the version of SeisWorks you are running. or clicking on any bookmark. and workarounds. known problems. Clicking on a manual name opens it to show the first page and . Online Manual displays a cascade menu listing all the SeisWorks/3D manuals. Release notes contain information about new features.pdf bookmarks. takes you to that section of the manual. To access them. R2003.12. use the Help menu on any SeisWorks view.2 14 .

use Button 1. and press a mouse button to select it. Move the cursor to the option or object specified. Unless otherwise specified. In a selection box. A different typeface (Courier) in italics and bracketed by the greater than and less than symbols indicates that you are to supply information. Move the cursor to the option or object you want to select. and quickly press and release the mouse button. and hold it down while moving the cursor to the option you want.12. The first click highlights the option or object beneath the cursor. then release the button.2 15 . and click on it. Press the button rapidly (twice) without moving the mouse. type: <project_name> Click on Press and drag Highlight Select Double-click <key> R2003.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Manual Conventions All manuals use the following conventions: Menu Options type: redfault Menu options and pushbutton names are printed in boldface. Press the mouse button. At this prompt. Text that you are required to key in is printed in a different typeface (Courier). Type exactly what you see. the second click is equivalent to pressing the OK button to accept the selection. you would type the name of your project. for example. move the cursor to the file name you wish to use. Press the indicated key on the keyboard.

2 16 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction R2003.12.

they can exchange data between windows via the OpenWorks Pointing Dispatcher (PD). and conventions used in SeisWorks. common commands. and generate and annotate contours. window and screen management. Because SeisWorks/3D runs on Landmark’s OpenWorks platform.12. This chapter gives you a brief overview of data management within SeisWorks and tells you how to start. it can be run simultaneously with Landmark’s geological and petrophysical interpretation products.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction SeisWorks Basics Overview SeisWorks/3D is a comprehensive software package that allows you to display 3D seismic data. and exit SeisWorks sessions. save.2 17 . interpret faults and horizons. These programs can share data that is stored in the OpenWorks database. perform complex computations and conversions. R2003. as well as a suite of OpenWorks products produced by third-party vendors. It also provides a review of color control. While running concurrently. You can also plot the interpreted data and export it for use with other software packages.

The owdir. To invoke it.12. • OpenWorks designates a file system for storing OpenWorks data outside of the Oracle database. If $OW_PMPATH is not set. It is available from the Help menu of the Seismic Project Manager. the owdir.12. Seismic Project Manager Dialog Box For more information.2 18 . select Data ➛ Management ➛ Seismic Project Manager from the OpenWorks Command Menu. For more information. see the “System Preparation and Administration” chapter of the SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management manual.dat specifies an OW_SYS_DATA directory for well symbols and import/export formats. The following dialog box appears. Project data compatibility Beginning with Release 2003. which resides in the $OW_PMPATH directory.dat file. This data can be backed up and restored when you back up and restore the OpenWorks projects to which the data belongs. and an OW_PROJECT_DATA for other types of data shared by Landmark applications.dat file resides in $OWHOME/conf. This file system is defined in the owdir.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Project Management in SeisWorks SeisWorks manages projects in the following ways: • All project management applications are launched from the Seismic Project Manager. see the Introduction to Seismic Project Manager manual. R2003. SeisWorks project data is binary compatible between Linux and Unix systems. an independent command menu.

2 19 . Map overlays. and data import formats reside in the OpenWorks project directories. The seismic trace data and horizons reside in the seismic project. and basemaps reside in the OpenWorks database tables. SeisWorks/3D displays data from both the seismic project and the OpenWorks project. grids. well data. etc. well symbols.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Data Management Currently. Faults. feet. Seismic Project seismic trace data (.3dv) horizons project definition data fault sets color maps grid point sets manual contours computed contours fault polygons control polygons zone control maps session files control files for bcm cube data files OpenWorks Project Oracle Database OpenWorks Project Directories wells OW_SYS_DATA curves faults well symbols surface grids ASCII import formats ASCII export formats fault grids picks well plans OW_PROJ_DATA seismic navigation data map overlay files cartographic reference system TDQ velocity models project units (meters.) pick lists project surface units Map View Seismic View SeisCube Perspective View Well Section Well # 1 Horizon Image Map R2003.

R2003. A single OpenWorks project can span multiple 2D and 3D seismic projects. see the SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management manual. curves. picks. Use the OpenWorks Project Create utility to create an OpenWorks project within which to store the seismic navigation data. Creating a New Seismic Project The following is an overview of how to create a seismic project. which is available under Project in the Seismic Project Manager. You create merged projects using the Seismic Project Merge utility. geologic formations.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic Projects SeisWorks/3D projects are collections of seismic data. session data. This master grid is known as the “seismic survey. etc. horizon data. even though the component projects retain their separate file structures and identities.” Fault data that you interpret on seismic from the seismic project is also stored in the OpenWorks database.dat file. An alternative to creating a new OpenWorks project is to use an existing OpenWorks survey that shares geographic locality. see the OpenWorks Project Management manual. All of the seismic projects that belong to a merged project must be associated with the same OpenWorks project. 1. wells. This requirement ensures that all seismic data is displayed with the same cartographic reference system and stored with the same world coordinates.2 20 . see the SeisWorks Merge and the SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management manuals. and cartographic reference system with the seismic project that you want to create. Each SeisWorks/3D project is associated with a particular OpenWorks project and has a master grid and world coordinate system stored in that project’s database. SeisWorks 2D3D and 3D3D projects are “virtual” projects that allow you to view and interpret the contents of separate seismic projects as if they were a single project. For instructions on the steps to perform. You invoke this utility by selecting Project ➛ Project Create from the OpenWorks Command Menu.. that are stored in a set of directories specified in your system’s dir. color maps. For more information on merged projects. etc.12. point files. as well as the faults. For a detailed discussion.

. Use the Seismic Project Create utility to create the new seismic project.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 2. manual. You invoke the OpenWorks Seismic Data Manager by selecting Data ➛ Management ➛ Seismic Data Manager from the OpenWorks Command Menu.3dv. For instructions on how to generate the seismic data files. Import seismic trace data into the seismic project directories. (To view the Seismic Project Manager command menu. selecting the appropriate OpenWorks project and specifying the 3D seismic survey that you created in Step 2.12. 3. 2. Include the minimum and maximum line and trace numbers. You can use either 3D Batch Control Monitor or PostStack to convert SEG-Y data to the Landmark format for vertical (.) 4.cmp) and horizontal (. or . see the PostStack Data Loading and 3D Batch Control Monitor manuals. For instructions on how to create the seismic survey. and provide real world coordinates for three line trace combinations. R2003.bri. see the “Seismic Data Manager” chapter of the OpenWorks Data Management. You invoke the Seismic Project Create utility by selecting Project ➛ Seismic Project Create in the Seismic Project Manager command menu.3dh) trace data.2 21 . Use the OpenWorks Seismic Data Manager to create a seismic survey that corresponds to the seismic trace data that you are going to load to the new seismic project after you create it. select Data ➛ Management ➛ Seismic Project Manager from the OpenWorks Command Menu. Vol.

the OpenWorks project stores many types of data that can be shared by a variety of Landmark and third-party products. picks.dat file The database contains tables that store wells. When you create a 3D seismic project. if the Oracle server is down. The OpenWorks project data resides in two places: • • an Oracle database directories defined in the owdir. A single OpenWorks project can encompass multiple 2D. SeisWorks/3D will not run if you have not associated the seismic project with an OpenWorks project that contains an appropriate seismic survey. The project directories contain flat files that store map overlays. Data for these projects is stored in the OpenWorks project units and displayed with the OpenWorks cartographic reference system (CRS). when you open the seismic project. and faults available for display in SeisWorks/3D. TDQ velocity models.12.2 22 . the software writes navigation data for the seismic traces to the .pds file differs from the information in the seismic survey. curves. and fault data. map grids. If the information in the . R2003. Likewise. and miscellaneous other types of data. OpenExplorer basemaps. picks. Early versions simply stored well information for a single seismic project.and gas-field information that is stored as a single entity. curve data. the software checks these two locations for any discrepancies.dat file. Some Landmark applications store data in these directories so that the information can be accessed by other applications. The seismic project can be associated with only one OpenWorks project at at time. it will not run if the OpenWorks project is not available when you invoke SeisWorks—for example. well plans. Subsequently. Today.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction OpenWorks Projects An OpenWorks project is a collection of oil.pds file in your seismic project and to a “seismic survey” that resides in the OpenWorks database. well display symbols. and merged 2D and 3D projects. This association makes data such as wells. 3D. The pairing of the seismic project with the seismic survey creates an association that is recorded in the plist. Others store application-specific data there so that the information will be backed up and restored with the rest of the OpenWorks project data. the software prompts you to correct the discrepancy. data import and export formats.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Modifying the Project Association You can change the association between a seismic project and an OpenWorks project. Use the Seismic Project Associate option to change the association of a seismic project with an OpenWorks project. However. 2. 6. Update 3D Master Grid is under Project in the Seismic Project Manager main menu.2 23 .dat file with the association that you specify. This utility updates the plist. 5. select Data ➛ Management from the OpenWorks Command Menu. Use Project Change to activate the OpenWorks project with which the seismic project is now associated. Use Project Change to activate the OpenWorks project with which the seismic project was formerly associated. Use Seismic Data Manager to select the appropriate CRS system in the new seismic survey. 1. see the Introduction to the Seismic Project Manager manual. 7. Project Change is available under Project in the OpenWorks Command Menu. For detailed instructions on how to perform this upgrade. To invoke Seismic Data Manager. It is available from the Project menu of the Seismic Project Manager command menu. Navigation Upgrade is available under Project in the Seismic Project Manager main menu. Use the Navigation Upgrade utility to build a seismic survey in the current OpenWorks project. Y coordinates correspond with the new CRS.pds file so that the X. Use Update 3D Master Grid to modify the master grid data in your seismic project’s . If appropriate. R2003. 4.12. use the Seismic Data Manager to delete the seismic survey that was paired with the seismic project in the original OpenWorks project. the seismic project can be associated with only one OpenWorks project at a time. 3.

You can use the default interpreter “LGC. OpenWorks distinguishes data by designating it as belonging to the interpreter who created it. SeisWorks/3D loads only the unassigned fault segments belonging to the currently active interpreter. you should create and use your own interpreter. select Project ➛ Interpreters from the OpenWorks Command Menu. see the OpenWorks Project Management manual. In general. Thus. anyone working in the project can identify who created or loaded the data. If you want to view unassigned segments belonging to additional interpreters. R2003.2 24 . You can create multiple Interpreters for a single Unix login account. You can display and use another interpreter’s data.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction OpenWorks Interpreters An OpenWorks “Interpreter” is an interpretation identity that you create with the OpenWorks Interpreters utility. but you cannot overwrite it. By default. in the Seismic View menu).” You can also create interpreter designations using the Interpreters utility. This behavior expedites data display and prevents clutter. For information on how to use it. you can enable their display from the Seismic Fault Selection dialog box (Faults ➛ Select. It also allows you to view only your own unassigned fault segments... This practice protects your interpretation from being altered or deleted by other users.12. To invoke this utility. You will be asked to specify an interpreter for the SeisWorks session. since an OpenWorks project with many interpreters may store far more unassigned segments than you want to view at one time.

use the Defaults ➛ Well List option from the SeisWorks main menu. Fault Sets A “fault set” is a particular combination of faults that you have identified as a single entity so that you can select and display them all at once. For more information on this option. Vol. 2. To select a new well list. For information on how to use the Well List Manager. Using fault sets can expedite the setting up of displays. see the SeisWorks/3D Wells manual.12. a progress bar indicates how long well caching is taking.fst) is stored in the seismic project directory (not in the OpenWorks project). This bar appears when you start SeisWorks or select a new well list. Using a well list expedites display time and simplifies the well selection process. particularly if you frequently use the same group of faults.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction OpenWorks Well Lists A well list is a subset of the well inventory in the current OpenWorks project.fst). You can change the current well list at any time during a SeisWorks session. You can create well lists using the OpenWorks Well List Manager utility. The names of the faults in the fault set are stored in a fault set file (. see the OpenWorks Data Management. manual. The fault set file (. R2003. go to the OpenWorks Command Menu and select Data ➛ Management ➛ Well List Manager. It allows you to limit the number of wells available for selection to particular areas of interest within your project. Beginning withRelease 2003. To invoke this utility.2 25 .

Correct access to filesystems larger than 1 terabyte Beginning with Release 2003. For more information on the BCM routines. see the Seismic Project Utilities and PostStack Data Loading manuals.2 26 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Data Loading The Batch Control Monitor (BCM) routines. R2003. filesystems containing more than 1 terabyte of disk space can be accessed correctly by SeisWorks. For more information on loading well data. PostStack.12.12. see the OpenWorks Data Import/Export manual. see the 3D Batch Control Monitor manual. You can use either the Batch Control Monitor (BCM) routines or PostStack to load the seismic data to your seismic project directories. You can access both of these documents from the Seismic Project Manager Help menu. For more information on using PostStack to load data from SEG-Y files. and OpenWorks Data Loading programs load data for display in SeisWorks/3D. You use the OpenWorks data import programs to load well data.

R2003. see the OpenWorks Installation Procedures manual. For additional information on installing and starting OpenWorks. or your environment is not set properly. Use the following procedure to start OpenWorks: 1. Consult your system administrator. you should always start SeisWorks by invoking it from the OpenWorks Command Menu. check that the OpenWorks home variable is set: echo $OWHOME The xterm should post the directory where OpenWorks is installed. key in the OpenWorks executable: startow The OpenWorks Command Menu appears. If it does not.12. In the xterm.2 27 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Starting OpenWorks To ensure that all necessary runtime processes are active. 2. In an xterm. OpenWorks is not installed.

and cartographic reference system with the seismic project that you want to create. as well as the faults.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Creating a New Seismic Project The following is an overview of how to create a seismic project. and provide real world coordinates for three line trace combinations. Include the minimum and maximum line and trace numbers.2 28 . selecting the appropriate OpenWorks project and specifying the 3D seismic survey that you created in Step 2. 1. An alternative to creating a new OpenWorks project is to use an existing OpenWorks survey that shares geographic locality. 2. For instructions on how to create the seismic survey. Use the OpenWorks Seismic Data Manager to create a seismic survey that corresponds to the seismic trace data that you are going to load to the new seismic project after you create it. Use the OpenWorks Project Create utility to create an OpenWorks project within which to store the seismic navigation data. etc. 3. You invoke the OpenWorks Seismic Data Manager by selecting Data ➛ Management ➛ Seismic Data Manager from the OpenWorks Command Menu. You invoke the Seismic Project Create utility by selecting Project ➛ Seismic Project Create in the Seismic Project Manager command menu. For a detailed discussion. see the SeisWorks/3D & Merged Project Management manual.) R2003.12. You invoke this utility by selecting Project ➛ Project Create from the OpenWorks Command Menu. geologic formations. see the “Seismic Data Manager” chapter of the OpenWorks Data Management. 2. picks. A single OpenWorks project can span multiple 2D and 3D seismic projects. see the OpenWorks Project Management manual. wells. curves. Use the Seismic Project Create utility to create the new seismic project. (To view the Seismic Project Manager command menu. For instructions on the steps to perform. Vol. select Data ➛ Management ➛ Seismic Project Manager from the OpenWorks Command Menu. manual.

You can use either 3D Batch Control Monitor or PostStack to convert SEG-Y data to the Landmark format for vertical (. see the PostStack Data Loading and 3D Batch Control Monitor manuals.12. .cmp) and horizontal (.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 4. R2003. or .bri.2 29 .3dv. Import seismic trace data into the seismic project directories.3dh) trace data. For instructions on how to generate the seismic data files.

4.12. Use Project Change to activate the OpenWorks project with which the seismic project was formerly associated. use the Seismic Data Manager to delete the seismic survey that was paired with the seismic project in the original OpenWorks project. It is available from the Project menu of the Seismic Project Manager command menu. see the Introduction to the Seismic Project Manager manual. Use the Seismic Project Associate option to change the association of a seismic project with an OpenWorks project. Use Update 3D Master Grid to modify the master grid data in your seismic project’s . For detailed instructions on how to perform this upgrade. To invoke Seismic Data Manager. However. 6. Use Project Change to activate the OpenWorks project with which the seismic project is now associated. Update 3D Master Grid is under Project in the Seismic Project Manager main menu. R2003. Navigation Upgrade is available under Project in the Seismic Project Manager main menu. 3. Use Seismic Data Manager to select the appropriate CRS system in the new seismic survey. This utility updates the plist.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Modifying the Project Association You can change the association between a seismic project and an OpenWorks project. 5.2 30 .pds file so that the X. select Data ➛ Management from the OpenWorks Command Menu. 2. Y coordinates correspond with the new CRS. Use the Navigation Upgrade utility to build a seismic survey in the current OpenWorks project. Project Change is available under Project in the OpenWorks Command Menu. If appropriate. 1. the seismic project can be associated with only one OpenWorks project at a time. 7.dat file with the association that you specify.

Select Applications ➛ SeisWorks ➛ 3D from the OpenWorks Command Menu. You can now start SeisWorks on a screen other than 0. (For details on color management.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Starting SeisWorks Use the following procedure to start a SeisWorks/3D session. In addition. If you did. you must always place the 8-bit application on the last screen. For example.12 no longer supports 8-bit.12. if your workstation has four screens and you wanted to display SeisWorks on Screen:2 and Screen:3. SeisWorks requires that Screen:0 be set to 24-bit TrueColor. the application supports the use of up to four screens.) If you are working with multiple screens and want to run SeisWorks at the same time as you run a third-party 8-bit application. 1. you could not place a third-party 8-bit application on Screen:1. SeisWorks would not run on Screen:2 or Screen:3. R2003. This is because SeisWorks 2003. A message box appears asking you to move your cursor to the desired screen and press Mouse Button 1 to select it. see page 56.2 31 .

Screen management and virtual screens If you are working on a system that has one virtual screen. you will not see the message box asking you to choose a screen. SeisWorks stores the name of the most recent seismic project that you accessed in the pname. the SeisWorks/ 3D main menu appears. 3D seismic project set If the startup software does not find a seismic project name in the pname.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 2.12. illustrated on the next page.2 32 . it posts <None Set> in the 3D Seismic Project field and pops up the Project Selection dialog box. When you make your choice of screen placement.dat file. it posts this name in the 3D Seismic Project field.dat file. If the startup software finds a seismic project name in this file. R2003.

• If the Project Selection dialog box has already appeared. select one of these options: • • New (Time) to start a new session using time data New (Depth) to start a new session using depth data Your choice of time or depth merely controls the type of annotation SeisWorks will use. but you want to work with a different one. Now. see page 40. This can be accomplished in any of the following ways: • If no OpenWorks project is currently active. If the current OpenWorks project is the correct one for the seismic project you have selected. Select a seismic project from the Projects list. 4. the software attempts to open the OpenWorks project associated with the seismic project you have selected. the software automatically opens the OpenWorks project specified by your plist.2 .12. If SeisWorks posts a seismic project. From the Session menu.) 6. The Project Selection dialog box will appear. Select the project. select Defaults ➛ Seismic Project Select from the SeisWorks main menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 3.dat file. When you click on OK in the message box. and click on OK. a message box appears stating that a mismatch has occurred and that the software is going to change the OpenWorks project to match the seismic project. SeisWorks will not perform an automatic time-depth conversion. simply select the project from the Projects list. the software changes the OpenWorks project to the one specified by the plist. determine whether you want to use this seismic project or another one. If it has. and click on OK. it is used. • 5.dat file for the current seismic project. If the current OpenWorks project is not the correct one for the seismic project you have selected. Check whether the seismic project setting has been automatically selected. You must provide the appropriate seismic data files (in time or depth) and remember whether your horizon interpretations are done on time or depth data. (For information on opening an existing session rather than starting a new one. 33 • • R2003.

2 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction The SeisWorks Startup Selection dialog box appears. thus avoiding possible memory problems down the line. you can select them 34 • R2003. and Fault Set.12. the software will cache only the unassigned segments for the interpreter that you select from this list.. • The message at the top of the SeisWorks Startup Selection dialog box alerts you as to whether there are shared seismic volumes in memory and how much memory they are taking up. To view details of these volumes. If you want to view unassigned segments belonging to other interpreters. The Interpreter column lists all of the interpreters in the current OpenWorks project that belong to your Unix login account and all the PUBLIC interpreters. See the “Seismic Converter” chapter of the Seismic Project Utilities manual for more details. pushbutton. The Shared Volume Manager then appears. This dialog box provides a way to manage shared seismic volumes at the start of a session. you can delete volumes or access the Seismic Converter. Well List. It also allows you to select the current Interpreter.. Within this dialog box. simply click on the Shared Volume Manager. Initially.

Automatic selection of dual color bars Before Release 2003.12.) • The Fault Set column lists all of the fault sets in the current seismic project.. see page 24. you automatically get dual color bars. You can select a different well list at any time during the SeisWorks session. select the Interpreter that you want to use for the current session.) 7. see page 25. R2003. This change evolved through SeisWorks’ switch from 8-bit to 24-bit color in Release 2003. you should check the seismic project datum (page 37). however. It will also display only curves and picks associated with the wells in the well list.12. (For a discussion of OpenWorks well lists. However. The software will display only the wells in the well list that you select.12. Select the Well List that you want to use for the current session.) • The Well List column lists all of the well lists in the current OpenWorks project and the interpreters to which they belong. the entire inventory of faults will be available for selection throughout the SeisWorks/3D session. (For a discussion of OpenWorks interpreters. you had to select whether you wanted to work with single or dual color bars. Click on OK.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction in the Seismic Fault Selection dialog box (Faults ➛ Select. 8. see page 25. The software will cache only the faults that appear in this list. All the options on the main menu now become available. Now. Select the Fault Set that you want to use for the current session. (For a discussion of fault sets. If this is the first time this project is being used. Now. For more information about using color in SeisWorks/3D.. see the “Using Color” section in the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual.2 35 . 9. If the project has been used before and the datum set. The move helps eliminate color flashing in Unix and provides more color availability. in all views but the Perspective). you can begin setting defaults or opening windows (page 48). 10.

simply click on the Landmark logo on the SeisWorks main menu..Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction If you change OpenWorks projects or interpreters after starting SeisWorks. in the menu bar of the Project Status Tool. To do so. We recommend that you do so as a precaution. open the Project Status Tool by selecting Project ➛ Project Status from the OpenWorks Command Menu. To see which OpenWorks project and interpreter are being used by SeisWorks. The name of the new interpreter appears in the appropriate box in the Project Status Tool. SeisWorks maintains its connection to the original OpenWorks project and the original interpreter throughout the session. If you change OpenWorks interpreters while SeisWorks is running. then click on OK. you can choose Cancel in the message box and continue with your SeisWorks session. It will also be highlighted in the SeisWorks Startup Selection dialog box when you start SeisWorks.12. R2003. However. If you change OpenWorks projects while SeisWorks is running. The Change Interpreter dialog box appears. SeisWorks will continue to use the original interpreter. highlight the new interpreter in the SeisWorks Startup Selection dialog box and click OK. You can also choose a new interpreter before you start SeisWorks.2 36 . you will receive a message asking if you want to save and exit the SeisWorks session. Highlight the interpreter you wish to select. Fault data you generate and picks you make will be associated with the original interpreter.. You can change OpenWorks interpreters when you start up SeisWorks. select Options ➛ Change Interpreter. Environmental variable LGC_SEIS_NOPROMPT—If this is set. Fault data you generate will be written to the original OpenWorks project. To do so. Then. the Startup prompt check box is toggled off by default and the Interpreter/Well List/Fault List selection dialog does not display when you open a session.

Since most 3D surveys have a single seismic datum for all the seismic data.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Setting the Seismic Project Datum The seismic project datum is the elevation at which the project will display zero time for all the seismic data within the project. the seismic project datum should usually be set to the same value as the seismic line datum. The seismic project datum is set in project units. Kelly bushing elevation Seismic Project Datum set to same value as seismic line datum for 3D seismic sea level 600 100 0 3D seismic survey 0 ms 5000 ms Seismic Project Datum and Its Relation to Other Reference Elevations R2003. This datum must be set so that wells will be displayed at the proper elevation with respect to the seismic data. Positive datum numbers are above sea level. which is 0. Wells in the project are adjusted to the seismic project datum on a well-by-well basis. In SeisWorks/3D. The figure below shows examples of the various datums which pertain to wells and time-depth tables. Negative datum numbers are below sea level. all datum values are referenced to sea level.2 37 . If you do not set a seismic project datum. SeisWorks will use zero (sea level) as the datum.12. using the time-depth tables assigned to the individual wells.

perform the following steps: 1. SeisWorks will assume that zero time corresponds to sea level (a datum of zero) and use that elevation in adjusting the display of all well data. The following dialog box opens.pds) and used every time you work with this project.12. Key the appropriate value into the Seismic Project Datum text field. then click on OK. If you do not.2 38 . Seismic Project Datum Dialog Box 2.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction To set the Seismic Project Datum. The datum you have specified is stored in the project definition file (. R2003. Select Defaults ➛ Seismic Project Datum from the SeisWorks main menu. A seismic project datum is always required and used. You must specify a seismic project datum for the project.

w3s”. you can either begin a new session or open a previously saved session. use the Save option. Depth-session files are given an extension of “.d. as outlined below. type the session name (up to 15 characters). Click on OK. select Session ➛ Save As. the data they contain. the software redisplays all the data that was visible when you saved the session. and any parameters you have set for displaying the data. Sessions can be saved as files in the project directories and later recalled and reused. Time sessions are given an extension of “.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Working with Sessions In SeisWorks a session is simply a collection of views. option.w3s extension is automatically appended to the filename.. To update the current session. use the Save As. 2.w3s”. Saving a Session You can save a session at any time and restore it later to continue interpreting where you left off. The domain-specific .t. From the SeisWorks main menu.. to open a dialog box listing all the currently saved sessions... The dialog box closes. 3. In the text field labeled New Session File. Both types of session files are stored in the seismic project directories. 1. When you restore the session. The program saves the data content and location of all windows plus all default settings. Session files are automatically given an extension that indicates whether they were interpreted in time or in depth. To save a new session.12. and the session name you entered is posted in the title bar of the SeisWorks main menu.2 39 . Every time you work in SeisWorks/3D. R2003.

1.. Select Applications ➛ SeisWorks ➛ 3D from the OpenWorks Command Menu. or you can use the defaults and reopen all the windows that were open when you saved the session. Either approach saves you time. the second allows you to resume interpreting exactly where you left off. 2. R2003. you can choose to use only the default settings from the saved session. Session Select Dialog Box 4. 3. Select Session ➛ Open.. Select the desired seismic project. Click on the desired session.2 40 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Opening an Existing Session When you start SeisWorks and open an existing session.12. The Session Select box appears..

If you chose to use both defaults and windows. Defaults & Windows to use the parameters settings and reopen all the windows from the previous session. and click on OK.2 41 . This option is toggled on by default. Select the Interpreter. 8. 6. and click on OK. leave the Startup Prompt pushbutton toggled on. toggle off the Startup Prompt pushbutton. R2003. All the options on the main menu now become available. If you want to use the well list and fault set that you used when you last saved the session. you can now open views and begin working. the views automatically reopen in the same locations and with the same data content they had when the session was saved.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 5. If you want to use a different well list and fault set than you used when you last saved the session. If you chose to use defaults only. The SeisWorks Startup Selection dialog box appears. 7. and Fault Set that you want to use. Select either of these options: • • Defaults only to use only the parameter settings from the previous session. and click OK. Well List.

Session Selection box. Click on OK.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Deleting a Session You can delete an existing session. Depth sessions are indicated with a “D.12.” Session Delete Dialog Box 2. 3. A message box appears.2 42 . This option is available only when you first enter SeisWorks—before you select an existing session or start a new one. from the SeisWorks main menu. Then click on the right-hand arrow. The session files you chose now move into the right-hand. A “T” indicates a time session. The Session Delete dialog box appears. listing all session files that reside in the current seismic project’s directories. Highlight the session file or files you wish to delete. To delete a session: 1. R2003. warning that sessions cannot be recovered once they are deleted and prompts you to confirm the deletion. Select Session ➛ Delete... This limitation is imposed as a safeguard to keep you from accidentally deleting the current session.

2 43 . and the session file is removed from the seismic project directory.12. The dialog box closes. Click on OK in the message box.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 4. R2003.

2.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Saving User Preferences Beginning with Release 2003.prefs. the SeisWork. When you start a new session.2 44 . you can save user preferences that include the following: • • • • background color ramp colors status bar information seismic parameters. select File > Save as Defaults from that view. The preference files are saved to your home directory in the format projectname.prefs are automatically used as well as the projectspecific preferences. To save preferences based on displays you have set up in a particular Map or Seismic view. select Defaults > Save User Preferences in the SeisWorks command menu. To save default settings.12.prefs and SeisWorks. and survey color specific to a project. R2003. Then select Save User Preferences in the SeisWorks command menu.12. basemap annotation.

12. or changes have been made while in the session.2 45 . or current session not yet saved R2003. a prompt appears. asking if you want to save the changes before exiting.. go to the SeisWorks main menu. If the current session has not been saved.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Exiting SeisWorks To end a session and exit the application. Changes made while in session.. and select Session ➛ Exit..

2 46 . No changes made to existing session. or no changes have been made in the current session. or current session saved R2003. asking if you are sure you want to exit.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction If the current session has been saved. a prompt appears.12.

.12. For more details about the Shared Volume Manager.2 47 . The volume will be deleted. R2003. click on the Shared Volume Manager. To delete a volume. Then. No changes made to new session All of these dialog boxes alert you as to whether there are shared seismic volumes in memory and how much memory they are using. highlight the volume you wish to delete and select File ➛ Delete Volume from the menu bar. pushbutton. in the Shared Volume Manager. asking if you want to save any changes before exiting. then decide to exit without saving your changes.. see the “Seismic Converter” chapter of the Seismic Project Utilities manual. a prompt appears.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction If you begin a new session when starting SeisWorks.

which display the same data as Map Views. which display seismic data in vertical sections Perspective Views. except by line trace rather than x. which display data in the x.2 48 . 2. Click on Interpret in the SeisWorks main menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Opening Windows Four types of views are available in SeisWorks/3D: • • Map Views. y Seismic Views. y domain Horizon Image Maps. From the Main Menu To open a window from the main menu 1. Select the type of view you want to open. which display interpretation data in a threedimensional cube • • You can open any of these windows from the SeisWorks main menu or from within an existing window. R2003.12.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 3. In this example. Press Button 1 on the screen where you want to place the window. a Map View was selected. R2003.2 49 .12.

Opening views from main menu versus existing windows A window opened from a window of the same type (Seismic from Seismic. then the type of window you want. the new Map View will display the same map and have the same x. Any window opened from the main menu will have the default settings for that type of view. Press Button 1 on the screen where you want to place the window. R2003.12. A Map or Perspective View opened from the main menu displays the entire survey. you are asked to specify the x. y coverage for the Perspective View by drawing a selection rectangle in the Map View. Select New Task. A Seismic View opened from within another Seismic View will display the same seismic line or lines. for example) will replicate the settings of the parent window and display the same data as the parent window. and a Seismic View opened from the main menu displays no seismic data. 2.2 50 . If you open a Perspective View or Horizon Image Map from within a Map View. if you open a Map View from within a Map View that is displaying a contour map. 3.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction From an Existing Window To open a new window from an existing window 1. Click on File in the window’s menu bar. The window appears. For example. y coverage as the original Map View.

1. the 8-bit application must be started on the last screen. see page 56.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Screen and Window Management Working with Multiple Screens You can now start SeisWorks on a screen other than 0. Window Managers These window managers are supported for the following platforms in R2003. you cannot place the 8-bit application on Screen:0.12. and the 8-bit application on Screen 1. the application now supports the use of up to four screens during a session. In addition. SeisWorks will not display in 24-bit on that screen or any subsequent screens. SeisWorks requires that Screen:0 be set to 24-bit TrueColor. if you are using four monitors and want to run SeisWorks at the same time as you run a third-party 8-bit application. However. To display SeisWorks on Screens:0. subsequent screens will be ignored once an 8-bit screen is encountered.1 style guide-compliant applications will continue to function properly under CDE. (For details on color management.2 51 .1: Solaris CDE 1. 1. and 2. Sun Microsystems CDE is based on Motif 2. if you start SeisWorks on Screen:0.4 and Motif 2.) For instance. Landmark and other Motif 2. You are encouraged to use dtwm. R2003.1. Landmark distributes the Motif Window Manager (mwm) as part of the Solaris release. Likewise.12. the window manager for the Common Desktop Environment (CDE). If you do. it is renamed to mwm_old to signal the fact that Sun Microsystems does not distribute or support mwm on Solaris 8. Landmark encourages the use of CDE on Solaris. SeisWorks will not run on Screen:2 and Screen:3.

Linux Release 2003. 3. 2. this situation presented some problems. Accept all defaults. the default desktop font settings are not bold in Landmark applications. you may want to use KDE instead of Gnome.0: To switch to KDE from the Login window: 1. Here are some instructions and workarounds for using KDE instead of Gnome. 2. the Sawfish window manager is recommended. Select Session from the menu and choose KDE.1.1. In Landmark testing.12. Below are workarounds for each: R2003.1 or RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 3.2 52 . Wizard will allow you to set your desktop settings. Because KDE offers more user options than Gnome. Open Control Center ➛ Select Fonts and choose General.1 supports both Gnome and KDE desktops on Linux. Window Redrawing Behavior Using either KDE or Gnome can cause multiple redraws when you resize or move any view in RedHat Enterprise Linux 2.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction IRIX Motif 2.0 does not include the Sawfish window manager. Desktop Issues In RedHat Enterprise Linux 2. To work around them: 1.1. Continue the normal login.1 or lower. RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 2. RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 3. Change the font to Helvetica Bold. Note that procedures differ depending on whether you are using RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 2.1 If you use Gnome in RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 2.

In the Warning box. 2. Select Programs ➛ Settings ➛ Sawfish Window Manager ➛ Moving/Resizing Window. the undesired behavior is eliminated. Uncheck the options Display contents in moving windows and Display contents in resizing windows. 2. R2003. click OK.1. Below are workarounds for each: Window Redrawing Behavior For the Gnome Window Manager: 1.Landmark For the Gnome Window Manager: SeisWorks/3D Introduction 1.12. using either KDE or Gnome can cause multiple redraws when you resize or move any view in RedHat Enterprise Linux 3. In this way. Change Opaque to Box for both moving and resizing.0 As in 2. Select Control Center Icon ➛ Look & Feel ➛ Window Behavior ➛ Advanced tab.0. On the right side of the window. 4. For the KDE Window Manager: 1.2 53 . 2. In the GConfig Editor window select apps ➛ meta city ➛ general. In the RedHat main menu select System Tools ➛ More System Tools ➛ Configuration Editor. scroll down to Reduced Resources and click the checkbox. This procedure converts all windows to wire frame when you move and redraw them. RedHat Enterprise Linux WS 3. 3.

Uncheck the options Display contents in moving windows and Display contents in resizing windows. 2. Select Control Center ➛ Desktop ➛ Window Behavior ➛ Moving tab.2 54 .Landmark For the KDE Window Manager: SeisWorks/3D Introduction 1. R2003.12.

2. In the menu bar of the window that you wish to move. as shown in the example below.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Switching Screens If you are working with multiple monitors. select View ➛ Switch Screens. This is easily done. Position the window on the screen. R2003. the window will cycle to the next screen or back to the first if it is already on the last screen. If you are working with more than two screens.12. 1.2 55 . you may want to move windows from one screen to the other.

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Using Color Control Features
With Release 2003.12, SeisWorks switched to 24-bit TrueColor. It no longer supports 8-bit. Using 24-bit color gives you more color availability during a session and helps eliminate color flashing in Unix. With 8-bit color, you could run out of colors if you had several applications running.

Color Control Changes in R2003.12.2 These color control features are part of Release 2003.12.2: • You can select a black or white background for the Map View in two ways: — Click on the icon. The background updates immediately. — In the SeisWorks main launcher, select Defaults > Global Parameters > Map Background Color. Select between White and Black, which is the default. Subsequent Maps opened from the launcher’s Interpret menu will have this setting.

Interactive Update provides for an automatic redraw as you drag the color marker up and down the color bar.

You have increased control over what elements are affected in a color redraw. Your choice of these elements, along with the number of views you redraw at a time, influence how quickly your data will display. To control the redrawing of a Seismic View select Defaults > Seismic > Color Edit Options... from the SeisWorks command menu.

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The Color Edit Options dialog box appears, with the defaults selected, as illustrated below.

The top part of the dialog box shows the elements that can be displayed while you are performing color editing of a Seismic View. To turn any or all of them on, click on the appropriate box. In the bottom half of the dialog box, Do not update windows is toggled on by default to improve performance. The other selections perform as follows: — Update single window: When you release Mouse Button 1 after editing the Seismic Color Bar, only the window you were working in will update. — Update all seismic windows: Redraws all affected windows. You can also change the defaults for color editing options when you work with a Map View, Perspective View, or the 3D Horizon Image Map. To do so: • Select Defaults > Map View > Color Edit Options... from the SeisWorks command menu. (If you are working with a Perspective View or 3D Horizon Image Map, you select Defaults > Perspective View > Color Edit Options... or Defaults > Horizon Image Map > Color Edit Options....)

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The following dialog box appears.

To speed up the redraw of your display while you perform color editing, the options at the top of the dialog box are toggled off by default. (Non-ramp color data includes such elements as wells, basemap annotation, and map overlays.) At the bottom of the dialog box, Do not update windows is toggled on by default to improve performance. You can also choose Update single window or Update all map windows. These choices are explained on page 57.

Highlights of Color Control Beginning with R2003.12 Here are some color control features introduced with Release 2003.12: • A Color Control icon indicates the view in which color control changes will actively be seen. For instance, if you have two Map Views open, and are displaying a color bar for one of them, the Map View where you are making the changes will have a Color Control icon that looks like this:

The other Map View will have a Color Control icon without the arrow, like the one illustrated below:

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when you make a selection—for example. The changes will not appear in the other Map Views until you let go of the mouse button. see the “Using Color” chapter in the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual.clm files are stored by default. or use the editing tools under Controls. you will see dynamic changes in only one Map View—the one with the Color Control icon with the arrow. • A standard file browser replaces the File ➛ Open menu in the color bar. Linear Adjust—in the Map Color Bar Controls menu and begin to move your cursor up and down the color bar.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction So. The default color bar is blkwht. By default. This functionality lets you see changes in views immediately when you select a new color bar. instead of the whtblk bar that has been used since SeisWorks 3.12. Every time a color cell is changed in the color bar. The previous limit was 23. you had to select one or the other in the Color Control Option dialog box that appeared as you began to work with SeisWorks. the Interactive Update option is toggled on at the bottom of each color bar. R2003.0. You no longer need to choose between single or dual color bars. there is a forced full redraw of each affected view. For more information about color control. The default directory is the seismic project sys directory where all .2 59 . You now automatically get dual color bars. • • • More Horizons Available for Display Because of the switch to 24-bit TrueColor. use the marker. The dialog box also includes a filter button so you can find specific files or shorten the list of available files. Previously. you can display 253 horizons at once in a Seismic View.

SeisWorks now uses the default font Simple for annotation. In the SeisWorks command menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Font Control To speed up display.12. Click Apply or OK. select Defaults > Global Parameters > Font Selection. 2. The Font Selection dialog box appears. 3. Toggle on your choice. do as follows: 1. The annotation updates immediately. R2003.2 60 . To choose Bold or Complex.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Working with Selection Dialog Boxes SeisWorks allows its projects to have possibly hundreds of seismic files. Horizon Selection Dialog Box R2003. the selection dialog boxes where you choose the data files have been designed for quick and easy list selection and manipulation.12. and horizons.2 61 . faults. Multiple selection dialog boxes are discussed later in this section. Since you may be interested in only a small subset of this data. Both single and multiple selection dialog boxes are used in SeisWorks. The Horizon Selection dialog box shown below is an example of a single selection dialog box.

which allows you to search for more than one string at a time. or click Search. The string can include wildcard characters. Search and Filter String Character Options Characters Searching and Filtering Function Any ASCII characters (such as upper.and lowercase alphabetic characters. The table below delineates the characters. or more than one) of characters in a name. plus open and save them easily. Searches only for names that begin with string. and reset lists. one.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Components of Single Selection Dialog Boxes Single selection dialog boxes include capabilities that allow you to search. Type any sequence of characters (string) into the text box.12. Press <Return>. Separator. the next item in the list box that contains the string will become highlighted or scroll to the top of the list box. numeric characters. If you continue to press <Return> or click Search. Search/Filter String You can easily access data in a selection dialog box by using the Search/Filter String. but some characters have special purposes when you enter them in the box.2 62 . Represents any number (zero. The first item in the list that contains the string will be highlighted or scrolled to the top of the list. The text box can accept any character that might be in a name. Searches only for names that do not contain string. and some punctuation marks such as period) * (asterisk) ? (question mark) ^string (caret) !string (exclamation point) stringa.stringb (semicolon) A string common to the sequence of characters in each of the names of the objects in which you are interested. R2003. These features are discussed in the following sections. Represents one character in a name. filter.

and type reg. type gr?y To find all the items with four characters that start with “gr”. type *east To find instances of item names that begin with “east”.gr • • • • • • R2003.12. type east* Use a question mark ( ? ) to match any single character.2 63 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Searching/Filtering Conventions and Wildcard Characters The name selection function is case sensitive when searching for names in a Unix environment. To find instances of both “gray” and “grey” in item names. Below are some examples of how you might search and filter. type east Use an asterisk ( * ) to match any number of characters. type gr?? To find instances of items that begin with “east”. ). or use a number of question marks to represent a limited number of characters. type ^east To find instances of items that do not contain “east”. type !east To find all the items that contain either “reg” or “gr”. Typing *east* will produce the same results as just typing east To find only item names that end with “east”. • • • • • • To find items with the string “east” anywhere in them. separate the strings with a semicolon ( . type *gr?y* To find just the items “gray” and “grey”.

handle set files (horizons. and Reset Button Options Button Function Click Search (or press the <Return> key) to select a name in the list box that contains the string in the Search/Filter String text box..2 64 . Then click on the Save List. and Reset Buttons The buttons under the Search/Filter String text box in selection dialog boxes allow you to manipulate and select names in the list box below the buttons. R2003. The set files are text lists of names (for instance. Filter. Search. As you continue to click the button.. the button will select the next name in the list. or horizon names). In the Horizon Selection dialog box. Click Filter to remove all of the names from the list box which do not contain the string in the Search/Filter String text box. button to save your list of items.. horizon names). and Save List.12. and all of the names are ready for selecting and displaying. Open List and Save List Open List. and picks). Filter. for instance. you just open the set file. they will be saved to a horizon set file (. you no longer must find all the horizon names. After a set file is created... not upon all names in the project. When you click Filter.. SeisWorks acts upon only the names currently in the left list box. You can directly use the Filter function to refine your list in the single selection dialog box.hst). will continue from the top of the list again. Search Filter Reset Click Reset to fill the list box with all of the available names (for instance. which were removed when you clicked the Filter button. fault names. and after reaching the bottom of the list. fault.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Search. all seismic filenames. Choices Text Field This feature tells you how many items are available for selection in the list box.

Filter. These features are described in the section beginning on page 62.12. Filtering. multiple selection dialog boxes use side-by-side lists that show you the available choices on the left and the selected items for display on the right. The Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box is an example of this design. and Reset Behavior The Search/Filter String and Search. Searching. and Reset options are the same as those in single selection dialog boxes.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Multiple Selection Dialog Boxes To allow for quicker access to data. Components of the Multiple Selection Dialog Box The components of the multiple selection dialog box are described below. R2003.2 65 .

Display a seismic file in the Seismic View window. you need only double-click on the name. Any horizon names that are currently in the right list box are considered selected and will display in the Seismic View when you click the Apply or OK button. 2. 1. Horizon Choices The Horizon Choices text box indicates the number of horizon names available for selection in the left list box. 3. you may want to do one or more of the following: • Click Clear to unselect all currently selected horizon names and return them to the left list box. The contents of the left list box are affected by whether you have already moved horizon names from the left list box to the right and by whether you clicked the Filter or Reset buttons. This example uses the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box.12. Select Horizons ➛ Select. Depending on the set of names you want to display.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Choices and Selection Text fields next to such designations as Horizon Choices in the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box or Fault choices in the Seismic Fault Selection dialog box show how many items are displayed in the Choices list box. Selecting and Displaying: An Example The following procedure shows how you can use multiple selection dialog boxes to select and display items important to your interpretation.. in the Seismic View window to display the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box.2 66 . and if the list is not filtered with the Filter button or replaced with a horizon set with the Open List button.. If the right list box is empty. It also explains how you can create sets. You can also highlight a name. To move an item such as a horizon or fault name from the left-hand Choices list box to the right-hand Selection list box and vice versa. The text field next to a designation like Horizon Selection or Fault selection counts the number of items in the Selection list box. R2003. then use one of the arrow keys to move it to the opposite list box. the number in the Horizon Choices text box is the total number of horizon names in the project.

5. (You can also click and drag over the names with Button 1. 4. to display in the left list box the horizon names from a horizon set.. click Cancel to prevent the creation of a new horizon set and to close the dialog.) Then click the Left Arrow button between the list boxes to move the names to the left list box. • Click OK to save the set under the filename and close the dialog box. Or. SeisWorks saves the filename with a . Or.. • Click Open List. to open the Horizon Set File Save dialog box. double-click on names to unselect them and to return them to the left list box. Or. click Apply to display the selected horizons in the Seismic View window. highlight one or more names by clicking Shift-Button 1 for continuous selections or clicking Ctrl-Button 1 for discontinuous selections. • Enter a filename in the text box. • In the left list box. double-click on names to move them to the right list box. • Enter a sequence of characters in the Search/Filter String text box.2 67 . R2003. Or. click Save List. highlight one or more names by clicking Shift-Button 1 for continuous selections or by clicking Ctrl-Button 1 for discontinuous selections. and return to Step 3 to select more horizon names.hst suffix. and click Filter to remove names from the left list box.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction • In the right list box... Click OK to display the selected horizons in the Seismic View window.12. • Click Reset to return names to the left list box that have been previously filtered out with the Filter button. Then click the Right Arrow button between the list boxes to move the names to the right list box. If you want to save the horizon names in the right list box as a horizon set.

2 68 . 3. To do so: 1. Choosing an active horizon in the Active Horizon dialog box Beginning with Release 2003. If you have not highlighted any horizon name in the right list box.. R2003. you can determine which horizon will be the active horizon in the Seismic View window. 4.12. for instance.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Or. Select All and Clear Click on Select All to move every item in the left-hand Choices list box to the right-hand Selection list box. Which horizon is active? When you click OK or Apply to display horizons. Press Mouse Button 3 and select Active Horizon. The Create Horizon dialog box then appears. Click on Clear to move every item in the Selection list box to the Choices list box.12. click Cancel to return to the Seismic View window without displaying the horizons. If you have highlighted more than one horizon name. the top highlighted horizon name becomes the active horizon. Make sure you are in horizon interpretation mode. you can immediately change the active horizon from the Active Horizon dialog box. 2. pushbutton. Highlight the horizon you want to be active and click OK. with Apply Immediately toggled on. you can create a horizon by clicking on the Create. Create Create is available only in output selection dialog boxes.. When you have made your choices in Create Horizon dialog box and have clicked on OK or Apply. such as horizon or fault names. The Active Horizon dialog box appears. It allows you to create new items. the highlighted horizon name becomes the active horizon. the top horizon name becomes the active horizon. In the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box. If you have highlighted one horizon name in the right list box.

to save the names in a Selection list box to a set file... handle set files (horizon set files in the case of the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box shown above).. 5.12. Open List and Save List Open List.. Display a seismic file in the Seismic View window. Click Save List...Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction SeisWorks automatically selects the new horizon name and puts it in the right list box in the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box. 2. 3. Making a Set: An Example The following procedure for making a set uses the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box as an example. Click Save List. Select one or more horizon names. Select Horizons ➛ Select. To create a horizon set: 1. Click Open List. and Save List.. The set files are saved in the base project directory. to append to or replace the items in the Selection list box with the contents of the set file. The set files are text lists of names (for instance. After a set file is created.2 69 .. you just open the set file. to open the Horizon Set File Save dialog box. and all of the names are ready for selecting and displaying. horizon names).. 4.. you no longer must find all the horizon names. The advantage to making a set is that it allows you to create groups of data—in this case horizons—for different interpretive tasks.. which are similar to fault set files in previous versions of SeisWorks. R2003. Create a list of horizon names in the right list box. These horizons can then be selected and displayed as a group without needing to look through all horizons in a project to reselect them individually.. in the Seismic View window to display the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box. Enter a filename in the Selected Horizon Set File text box.

5.2 70 .. click Cancel to prevent the creation of a new horizon set and to close the dialog. Display a seismic file in the Seismic View window. in the Seismic View window to display the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box. If there are horizon names in the right list box that you will not want to display. Click OK to put the horizon names in the left list box and close the Horizon Set File Open dialog box. click Cancel to close the dialog box. 3. R2003. If you know that you will want other horizon names in your selection besides the names in the horizon set... click View. Check Append in the Horizon Set File Open dialog box if you have horizon names in the left list box that you want to display with the horizon names in the horizon set. Select Horizons ➛ Select.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 6. 7. Or. 8. 7.hst suffix.. Or. check Replace to replace the content of the left list box with the horizon names in the horizon set highlighted in Step 6 above. Highlight the name of a horizon set in the Horizon Set File Open dialog box. Create a list of horizon names in the left list box. Click OK to save the set under the filename and close the Horizon Set File Save dialog.12. to display the Horizon Set File Contents dialog box. SeisWorks saves the filename with a . select the horizon names. click Clear to empty the right list box. 6. 4. Click Open List. Displaying a Set: An Example The following procedure for displaying a set uses the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box as an example: 1. To see the horizon names included in the horizon set that you have highlighted... Click OK or Cancel in the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box. 2. When you have examined the names. to open the Horizon Set File Open dialog box.

click Cancel to leave the horizon names out of the left list box and to close the dialog box.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Or. 9. Click OK to display the selected horizons in the Seismic View.2 71 . Or. Or. click Apply to display the selected horizons in the Seismic View window. click Cancel to return to the Seismic View window without displaying the horizons.12. and return to Step 3 to select more horizon names. 10. R2003. Click Select All to select the horizon names and move them to the right list box.

etc. if you want to see how different color schemes enhance your Seismic View before making your final choice. Records the parameters you have set but postpones redrawing the view until you request it with the Redraw command.. This option allows you to view the effect of a specification before you close it. For example.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Common Dialog Box Pushbuttons Several commands or pushbutton options appear repeatedly in SeisWorks/3D dialog boxes. Results in a dialog box where you specify the name of a new file. there are selection boxes listing horizons. Pushbutton OK Function Accepts the parameters you have specified (or the selection you have made) and closes the dialog box. reverts to the previous settings. Create. Closes the window or dialog box. The table below lists and describes the common dialog box pushbuttons. This option is useful.12.. Discards the changes you have made. Implements your specifications but leaves the dialog box open. Apply Cancel Postpone Redraw Close List. This option usually appears on dialog boxes that you might have open while you perform multiple computations or tasks. and closes the dialog box. Brings up a box listing all the existing files of a particular type so you can select one or more or create a new one. R2003.2 72 . faults.. For example. the dialog box used to assign fault segments to fault planes remains open until you press Close so that you can easily assign more than one segment.. zone control maps. Cancel does not discard parameters that you have already applied with the Apply pushbutton. Their functions are always the same. for example.

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SeisWorks Conventions
Finding your way through SeisWorks/3D is easier if you familiarize yourself with a few conventions used throughout the program. SeisWorks employs many tools and widgets that are common to the OpenWorks platform. These tools are documented in detail in the Using OpenWorks manual. The following sections briefly describe some conventions that are particular to the SeisWorks applications.

Menu Bars
The major options available within each of the SeisWorks views appear in a menu bar at the top of the view. When you click on one of these menu bar options, it cascades to display additional, subsidiary options. The example below shows a pulldown menu in a Seismic View.

Menu bar

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The following conventions pertain to options that appear in pulldown, cascading, and popup menus.

Menu Item Style
Menu items are often followed by no punctuation or symbol. They may also be followed by ellipses or arrows.
Invokes command

Opens a dialog box

Opens a cascading menu showing additional options

No Punctuation Menu options with no punctuation—as in Fold from Seismic above— immediately put you in the right mode so you can perform the specified task. You can, for example, begin drawing a fault segment as soon as you click on Interpret in the Faults menu. Generally, when you are in one of these action modes, pressing Button 3 anywhere within the display area will result in a popup menu with further options. (See the section on Button 3 Popup Menus on page 94.)

Ellipses Ellipses (...) after a menu item—as in Annotation... and Parameters... above—indicate that a dialog box will appear if you click on this option.

Arrows An arrow after a menu item (as in Select from Map above) indicates that additional cascading menu options will appear if you click on this option.

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Option Menus
A raised rectangle with a label and a “flip switch” indicates an option menu. If you press Button 1 anywhere in the rectangle, a list of options will appear. You can then choose one of the options by dragging to it and releasing Button 1.

Option menus are used, for example, to let you specify horizon type, onset type, and fault type.

Text Fields
A rectangular box indicates an area where you should enter text. To do so, position the cursor in the text field, and key in the appropriate word or number.

To change a one-word entry that is already present in the text field, click twice in the text field. The word or value will become highlighted. As you key in the new value, the old one will be overwritten. For multiword entries, triple-click to highlight the entire text field, and then key in the new text. Or, press Button 1, and drag to highlight all or part of the old entry. Then start keying in its replacement.

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Depending on the platform you are using. if only odd numbers are valid for a certain parameter. Number Editor: Press Button 3 to see range: You can key the desired number in the text field. help you choose among the acceptable values for that particular parameter. For example. or With radio buttons. radio buttons are either round or diamond-shaped. Radio Buttons Radio buttons designate an either/or choice. Press and hold Button 3 within the text field to see a popup menu showing the range and default values. R2003.12. clicking on the up arrow will raise the number by 2 to the next odd value.2 76 . Selecting one item in the list by clicking on its radio button immediately deselects all other items in the list. choices are mutually exclusive. or click on the stepper arrows to raise or lower the number in predesignated increments.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Number Editors Number editors. consisting of a text field and stepper arrows.

You can “toggle on” as many of the items in the list as you wish.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Checkboxes Square-shaped checkboxes indicate multiple choices. Checkboxes for Multiple Choices R2003.12.2 77 .

Position the cursor on the rectangular slider bar. and next section of image is displayed.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Scroll Bars Seismic Views. and click to jump the full distance represented by the scroll bar. Click here Scroll bar jumps down. and many of the dialog boxes have scroll bars indicating that the data display exceeds the window space. you have three options: • • • Click on the arrows to shift the display slowly so you can see the details as the image moves.2 78 . R2003.12. Put the cursor to one side of the slider bar. press Button 1. Map Views. To see the rest of the display. and drag up or down to move the display.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Tool Tips SeisWorks provides quick text popup descriptions over certain displays of graphic and data elements. In the Map View. The Tool Tip Parameters dialog box appears. see page 88 and Appendix A on page 127. as shown above. Fault names.. from the SeisWorks main menu. when you are in horizon interpretation mode in a Seismic View only. when you drag your cursor over them. To set the parameters for these Tool Tips. Wells.. select Defaults ➛ Global Parameters ➛ Tool Tips. when you place your cursor over that horizon. Tool Tips will also pop up for dashed triangulated fault plane intersections if you have enabled Stop Horizon at Fault When Tracking in Faults ➛ Parameters. when you are in a Seismic View or Map View. • • R2003. The Tool Tips function allows you to see text descriptions at displays of: • Icons.) Horizon names..12. you can see the name of a horizon. when you are in fault interpretation mode in a Seismic View only. (For more information on icons. Tool Tips appear when your cursor is over the 79 • With Tool Tips..2 ..

In Seismic View.. the Tool Tips appear when your cursor is over the borehole or curve. with only the Common Well Name and Total Depth options selected. To choose them. You can toggle these options off. Common Well Name and Total Depth are toggled on by default. The Select All and Clear All pushbuttons provide easy ways to quickly choose all or none of the options. R2003. You can display up to 11 items in the wells Tool Tips.2 80 . all of the types of data and displays listed in the Tool Tip Parameters dialog box are toggled on when you open it. or choose any others by clicking on the toggle button next to the option’s name.12. To disable any of the displays. button next to Wells in Map View or Wells in Seismic View in the Tool Tip Parameters dialog box. click on the toggle button next to its name. click on the Options. Pushing the Reset button will return the dialog box to its original state. The Well Tip Options dialog box appears.. Except for 2D Seismic Files.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction bottom hole location.

and the length of their delay in appearing.12. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. For details. a tool tip tells you whether that polygon is inclusive or exclusive.2 81 . When you place your cursor near the edge of a zone control map polygon. this tool is turned on. By default. it includes a panel for the display of a tool tip that shows you whether ZCM polygons are inclusive or exclusive. R2003. And. their duration.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction The Tool Tip Parameters dialog box also lets you choose the position of text popup descriptions.

Show Position gives your position with regard to: • • • • • lines shotpoints x. Show Info provides the following information: • • • • • scale of map x and y coordinates of current mapping file (. and z coordinates horizons wells The Show Info status bar appears below Show Position messages. Show Position and Show Info are in the View menu.2 82 .dts) name of current mapping file minimum and maximum of active horizon name of active horizon R2003. They are available in the View menu. y.12. Show Position status bar Show Info status bar When you move your cursor in the Map View.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Status Bars The options Show Position and Show Info provide important information in the status bars at the bottom of Map Views and Horizon Image Maps.

2 83 . In the illustration below. When you are in polygon create mode. a status bar containing instructions appears. R2003. such as zooming or fault correlation. Show Position is on by default in Seismic Views chosen from the File ➛ New Task menu. these instructions appear in the top status bar. The Role of Status Bars in Various Modes When you are in certain Map View modes. And. the instructions are for polygon editing. Show Position and Show Info are turned on by default in Map Views and Horizon Image Maps.12. when you switch screens. Show Position appears in the status bar of the view that has moved to another screen.12.1.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Beginning with Release 2003. In addition.

3D Horizon Image Maps. Seismic View. In Seismic Views.12. and Seismic Views. You can now drag and drop faults or horizons from • • any list directly onto a Map View. or Perspective Contents dialog boxes.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Shortcuts Here are a few tips that will save you time as you input information and work with dialog boxes and views. Horizons will be listed and checked in the Horizons panel of the Map. or the 3D Horizon Image Map one part of a multiple selection horizon or fault dialog box to another You can also drag and drop horizons from • • both of the above examples any list into the text fields of a dialog box Example 1: From a List Dialog Directly to a View 1. 3. Highlight one or more horizons or faults and use Mouse Button 2 to drag them onto the view of your choice. 2. 3D Horizon Image Map. Faults will be added to the Fault Selection list in the Multiple Selection dialog box for Map Views. The data items will appear in the view. SeisWorks/3D offers a quick and easy way to select horizons and faults. open a single or multiple selection dialog box for horizons or faults. In any view.2 84 .12. they will be added to the Horizon Selection list. R2003. Dragging and Dropping Horizons and Faults Beginning with Release 2003.

2. your selection will not move into the text field. R2003. From the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box in a Seismic View to the Horizons panel in the Map View Contents dialog box: Drag and drop makes the selection happen quickly. Highlight a horizon. Then click Apply or OK.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Example 2: From Any List to Another Dialog Box 1. Click Mouse Button 2 and drag the horizon into a text field in the Horizons panel at the bottom of the Map View Contents dialog box. (Make sure the arrow that appears at the top of the icon goes no higher than the upper limits of the text field. open the Map View Contents dialog box (View ➛ Contents). 3. Make sure you have checked the box next to the horizon name in the Map View Contents dialog box. open the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box (Horizons ➛ Select). otherwise. In the Seismic View. The new horizon will take its place. drag the new horizon into a text field listing a horizon you no longer wish to see.2 85 .) If there is no empty text field. In the Map View.12. 4. 5.

2 86 . Highlight a horizon. 3. 4. R2003. Use it to drag the name of the horizon into the Horizon Selection panel of the dialog box. You select Horizons ➛ Select from the Seismic View main menu. 2. 6. then click and hold Mouse Button 2. Click Apply or OK. You are working in a Seismic View and want to quickly select a horizon for viewing.12. 5.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Example 3: Within a Multiple Selection Dialog Box 1. A drag-and-drop icon appears. The horizon appears in the Seismic View. The Multiple Horizon Selection box appears.

• When you are in horizon interpretation. This procedure is the same as pressing Button 2 to disconnect the rubberband and commit your interpretation to the database or horizon file. you can replace Button 1 clicks with presses of your spacebar. then moving your cursor to the location of the new segment and pressing Button 1. The seismic display will advance as it would have had you used a Button 1 click. press Shift + Button 1. Forward. • • R2003.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Mouse Button Clicks SeisWorks provides various ways to cut back on the number of mouse button clicks you perform. When you want to start a new fault or horizon segment. you can interpret or delete a single point by using Ctrl + Button 2. Backward. Animate Forward). Simply place your cursor over the control you wish to use (Animate Backward. Remember: If you use Shift + Button 1.12.2 87 . and press the spacebar. You can also use the spacebar in Frame Control. be sure to release the shift key before you click Button 1 a second time. These shortcuts include the following procedures: • In horizon and fault interpretation.

are common to all four view types. Horizon Image Map. such as View Contents and Redraw. such as the Horizon Interpretation icon found in Seismic Views.. icons are provided along the left side of all Seismic. and Perspective Views.2 88 . Clicking on the icon is equivalent to selecting the option from the menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Icons For fast access to frequently used menu options. Other icons are specific to a particular view.) Tables describing all the icons are provided in Appendix A on page 127.. R2003. Some icons. When Tool Tips is enabled. Illustrations of the views are on the next page. (Note that the Paintbrush icon will display a Tool Tip only after ZAP! is run and the icon is actually available for use. Map. For a quick description of the function of an icon. keep your mouse over it for more than one second. You can disable this function or change how long it takes the description to appear by selecting Defaults ➛ Global Parameters ➛ Tool Tips. a textual popup description appears over an icon if you keep your mouse on it for more than one second. from the SeisWorks/3D main menu.12.

2 89 .12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Icon Bars Appear on the Left-Hand Side of the Views in SeisWorks/3D R2003.

They can also be found in the Help menu in the SeisWorks main menu and in any of the four views.12. Expert keys are available at all times from within the Seismic View. Examples of Expert Keys on Seismic View Menus R2003.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Expert Keys Expert keys let you accomplish certain tasks or select certain options with a single keystroke. Expert keys are indicated on menus by a letter in parentheses. you can switch to horizon interpretation mode simply by pressing <h> or change to fault interpretation mode by pressing <f>. If you forget the appropriate key. Other expert keys become available when you are in particular modes.2 90 . For example. All the SeisWorks/3D expert keys are listed in Appendix B on page 141. simply check the menu for a reminder.

do as follows: 1. R2003.12. you can assign any available function to an expert key of your choice..Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Programmable Expert Keys Beginning with Release 2003. from the SeisWorks main menu. Select Default ➛ Expert Keys.12. The Set Up Expert Keys dialog box appears. To program an expert key. This functionality is especially important for those who seek special accommodations in their workstations. for users who are working with keyboards designed for languages other than English.. and for those who use only a subset of the keys and want them more easily accessible.2 91 .

for instance. For instance. As you program keys. you will see keys already assigned a default function and keys that have nothing assigned to them. click the Reset to Defaults button in the top right of the dialog box. So. The default is ascending alphabetical order. The function associated with <m> disappears. click on the key in the left-hand panel. to change to descending order. But in fault interpretation mode. let’s say you do not want the expert key <m> to represent its default function of Magnify: activate/cancel. You can make your assignments to any kind of key. click once on the arrow. you would highlight <m> in the left-hand panel and click the Unset pushbutton. you do not want to reassign a function to the key at that moment. In the top left of the Set Up Expert Keys dialog box. 2. click Reset to Defaults in the top right-hand panel of the dialog box. Furthermore. by default. 5. then on the function in either of the right-hand panels. toggle on Horizon Options or Fault Options. the <c> expert key in horizon interpretation mode is by default assigned to the correlation mode in tracking.12. You may also want to disassociate any default function from a key. The left panel and the top right panel of the dialog box will change to show functions available while in horizon or fault interpretation mode. 4. you may change your mind about your selections and wish to return to the defaults.2 92 . To assign a new function to a key. cuts selected fault segments. the <c> key will have an asterisk beside it in the key/ function panels of Horizons Options and Faults Options. To do so. 3.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction The arrows at the top of each column of keys and functions govern the order of the lists. Each time you assign a key to a new function. click on the Automatically confirm settings checkbox. 6. To make it reappear. R2003. Asterisks beside a key indicate it has different meanings in different modes. a Question box will appear asking you. “Are you sure you want to overwrite the existing expert key setting?” If you do not want this box to appear each time you make a key assignment. <c>. All programmable keys are listed. This action will reset all the key assignments you have made. So.

. do as follows: • • • • • Click on the Save As. keyboard. R2003. Some of the KP keys come with defaults. click the Load. The KP numbers 1-6 have different defaults than the numbers 1-6 above the letters on your keyboard. your key reassignments will remain if you stay in the same SeisWorks session.12. To view your file.. The KP Keys Keys marked as KP (short for keypad) in the Setup Expert Keys dialog box refer to combinations you make on the numeric keyboard on the right-hand side of a standard U.2 93 .S. you need to be in that interpretation mode. When an expert key is assigned to horizon or fault interpretation functions. enter the name of your expert key file. pushbutton in the Set Up Expert Keys dialog box and click on the appropriate file.. WARNING: Updates have not been saved to a file.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction 7. The Save Expert Key Definition dialog box appears. Updates will be lost when you exit the program. you will receive an Information box with the following message: “Updates have been committed successfully. pushbutton at the bottom of the Set Up Expert Keys dialog box. If you have not saved your new key assignments to an ASCII file. In the text field labeled Selected Expert Key File. Note: If you close the Set Up Expert Keys dialog box..” To save your key assignments to an ASCII file. When you have finished assigning your keys. Click OK. you can click on Apply or OK. Num Lock must be on when you use them.

It allows you to alternate quickly between fault interpretation. Some Button 3 popup menus simply provide shortcuts for moving from one mode to another without having to use a sequence of selections from a menu. R2003. and seismic selection.2 94 . For example.12. These Button 3 popup menus are usually associated with particular interpretation or edit modes and frequently relate to a digitizing operation such as creating polygons or manual contours. Seismic View Button 3 Popup Menu This menu duplicates some of the menu options that are available from the Seismic View main menu. These popup menus vary according to the mode you are in and provide quick access to frequently used functions.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Button 3 Popup Menus Popup menus listing functions specific to the task you are performing appear when you position the cursor anywhere within the display area and press and hold Button 3. Other Button 3 popup menus provide options which are not available from other menus and are essential to the current interpretation operation. This popup menu is shown below. the Seismic Section popup menu becomes available. horizon interpretation. once seismic data is displayed in the Seismic View.

12. R2003.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction For example. Polygon Create Popup Menu The Polygon Create popup menu provides options that are essential to the process of creating a polygon and are not available from the main menu of the current view. when you are digitizing a fault polygon.2 95 . you will receive the popup menu shown below if you position the cursor inside the Map View and press Button 3.

and the pick symbol width of 4 mm. Pressing <Return> would also close the dialog box. pressing the <Return> key would accept the criterion distance of 100 world units. R2003. the well text size of 3 mm. simply press the <Return> key.20 mm.2 96 . the wellbore thickness size of . It is not necessary to click on OK since OK is the default setting. This default status is indicated by the double border around the OK pushbutton: In the example below.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction <Return> To accept the parameters specified in a dialog box and close the box. the pick test size of 3 mm.12.

rapidly click twice on the item. and key in the new value. The second click accepts selection and closes dialog box. Triple-clicking highlights the entire text field so you can overwrite it. double-click on it.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Double-Click To Accept To select an item in a list and close the selection box.or Triple-Click To Highlight To replace one word in a text field. The first click highlights selection. To replace a multi-word entry in a text field.2 97 . Triple-click to highlight a value so you can overwrite it. R2003. tripleclick in the field.12. and key in the new word or value. Double.

The fast file cache is regenerated. For a discussion of these.12. use the Redraw option.Reinitialize and Redraw Beginning with Release 2003. to apply parameter changes that you have specified but delayed implementing to refresh a view type if it appears incomplete or erratic. Using 2. This cache is the list of files that exists in the 3D project directories and in the 2D master project directories. When you create and then cut a polygon. Note: Some special options are available for redraws involving color cell changes. The window is redrawn using the updated file cache. the following happens: 1. R2003. If you want to rid the view of this polygon trace. seismic. 2. Tool tips remind you of the added option to the icon when you move your cursor over it.12. The redraw option can be used in two ways: • • Using 1. When you click on Mouse Button 2 (2 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Redrawing the Display You can refresh a view type by redrawing it. it helps eliminate the problem of file lists becoming out of date. Regenerating the fast file cache keeps the software from having to search project directories for files.Redraw in the tool tip).Reinitialize and Redraw in the tool tip). see the section beginning on page 59.Redraw To redraw the display. The application rereads well. Use the Redraw option to remove images of inactive polygons.1. the image of the polygon remains in the position where it was originally digitized. click on the icon with Mouse Button 1 (1 . 3. and horizon data from its data source. you can recache and redraw a window by clicking on the icon with Mouse Button 2. In addition.2 98 .

See page 55 for details.12. this option moves a view from one screen to another. R2003.2 99 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Switch Screens On a system with multiple monitors.

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Interpretation Strategies

Overview
Interpreting at a workstation offers two great advantages over interpreting paper sections: • Flexibility. You can display the same data in many different ways. Looking at the data differently can often clarify or reveal features that were obscured. Speed. You can easily make several passes through the data. Thus, you can build, check, and refine your interpretation in stages. You can even create and compare alternate interpretations to determine which is more realistic.

This chapter offers suggestions on how to best utilize the computer’s capabilities as you interpret 3D data. SeisWorks/3D provides an array of tools for displaying and interpreting data and for analyzing the resulting interpretation. For example: • Color Control enables you to identify and enhance seismic attributes with a variety of color maps. In addition, the move to 24bit color in Release 2003.12 helps eliminate color flashing in Unix and offers more color availability. Seismic display options allow you to combine variable density displays with wiggle displays, synchronize views with Lock View, and speed the display of sections. Auto-tracking options provide you with various methods of autofilling horizons. These options not only accelerate the interpretation process; they also provide valuable criteria for assessing the seismic data and building coherent interpretations. WOW data tables help you browse and edit seismic and horizon information. PowerCalculator, an extensible geoscience calculator, lets you set up and run simple or complex calculations and macros over 3D horizons. Then you can write the output to a viewer, a horizon file,

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or both. This application is available in the SeisWorks main launcher under Utilities. • PowerView, available from the SeisWorks main launcher, lets you view SeisWorks horizons and seismic files in Maps and Sections simultaneously and with different color schemes. For more on PowerView, see the note box on page112.

In addition, Release 2003.12 introduced these features that enhance interpretation workflows in SeisWorks: • The ability to display a maximum of 253 horizons in a Seismic View at once. The previous limit was 23. Horizon “shadowing” that can help you check or complete tracking. Drag and drop for horizons and faults. You can highlight items and press Mouse Button 2 to drag them into lists and views. The addition of SeisWorks Data Selector, a utility that helps you search, sort, and edit horizon and seismic attributes quickly and easily. You can also use it to drag horizons into SeisWorks. The addition of six more attributes in the Seismic ➛ Calculate Attributes menu. Programmable expert keys that let you assign any function to the key of your choice (page 145).

• •

The following guidelines provide some suggestions on how to use the various SeisWorks/3D interpretation tools in a systematic and efficient manner.

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Establish ties between wells and seismic. Workflow for SeisWorks/3D Interpretation R2003. Assess the data. Create maps to present your findings. Refine the fault interpretation.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Typical Workflow The following flow chart provides a somewhat simplified schema for developing an interpretation on the SeisWorks/3D workstation. View the data. Autotrack your horizons. the interpretation process will not be as linear as portrayed here. Topics outlined in blue on your screen are discussed in this chapter. Interpret major faults and horizons. If you are following in the paper manual. In most cases. Analyze and refine the horizon interpretation. all topics but printing scaled hardcopy are discussed in this chapter. Print scaled hardcopy.2 103 .

To open SeisWorks Data Selector. R2003. speak to the company that processed the data. • • • • • • SeisWorks Data Selector In Release 2003.) Investigate what type of processing was performed on the data.12. sort. filter. If necessary. Determine its phase and bandwidth by running bcm3d using the . select Utilities ➛ Data Selector from the SeisWorks main launcher.12. you will want to learn as much about the seismic data as possible: • • Determine its orientation. For more information about this new utility. (See page 105. you can browse and edit SeisWorks and WOW attributes and drag and drop horizons into SeisWorks.) Use WOW data tables to browse and edit seismic and horizon data. (See the section below. Determine its polarity by correlating the seismic to synthetic seismograms. and edit the SeisWorks and WOW attributes associated with horizons and seismic files. Determine what processing techniques were used to suppress noisy data. select Online Manual and Release Notes from the Help menu in the SeisWorks Data Selector main menu.SPECTRUM primitive. Determine how much the data was clipped or scaled when it was loaded. and filtering capabilities can help you manage long lists of SeisWorks horizons and seismic files. searching.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Assessing the Data Initially. search. In addition. Through SeisWorks Data Selector. SeisWorks introduced SeisWorks Data Selector. Its sorting.2 104 .

SeisWorks improvements with the model mean you can “tag” your data to associate horizons. and automatic notification of data updates. More details about WOW are available on Landmark’s Web site at www. WOW is an innovative product that lets you view OpenWorks. WOW’s functionality includes cross-project comparisons and searches. and Z-Map Plus data through a standard Web browser.com. you may want to edit or browse attributes. You can do this with WOW data tables. or link your horizon interpretation.lgc.12. SeisWorks. actual seismic coverages.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Using WOW Data Tables In preparing Seismic Views. which are now part of OpenWorks and SeisWorks. to a particular seismic file.2 105 . interpretation documentation. error reporting. R2003.

2 . choose Horizons ➛ Info. button at the bottom left will let you preserve any lists of filtered files. To open a saved file. As soon as you click on a file. Use the search/filter panel to help you navigate long lists.12.. 2. The Save List. A dialog box resembling the one below appears.. information about it will populate the fields to the right of the selection column. To access WOW data tables for horizons. You can edit these 106 3. In a Seismic or Map View.. Click on a horizon from the panel at left.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction WOW Horizon Info In a Seismic View. do as follows: 1. R2003. click on the Open List. you can edit WOW tables for Seismic and Horizons.. pushbutton. Only WOW Horizons tables are available in Map View.

R2003. add a comment to the Comments: area. If you have purchased WOW software. 5.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction fields with the List or Clear buttons next to them. This functionality helps streamline your workflow by saving any future editing without your having to click the Save button. Click the Save button to preserve your work. more of the fields will be populated than if you have not. If you wish. You can also click on the box next to Automatically save data when selecting a new horizon from the list.2 107 .12. 4. A gray field such as the ones near the top of the dialog box indicates you cannot edit the information.

A dialog box resembling the one below appears. You can edit these fields with the List or Clear buttons next to them.2 108 . R2003. A gray field indicates you cannot edit information.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction WOW Seismic Info To open the WOW Seismic Info dialog box in SeisWorks/3D. you click on a selection from the panel at left to populate the text fields on the right side of the dialog box. As in the WOW Horizons Info dialog box.12. select Seismic ➛ Info from a Seismic View.

bcm3d will write the SEGY header information into the WOW tables for those files loaded from SEGY data.com. You can also click in the checkbox next to Automatically save data when selecting a new seismic file from the list. if any of the seismic files include SEGY headers. The Seis Docs panel in the lower left is always grayed out in 3D. R2003.lgc. are available on Landmark’s Web site at www. This functionality helps streamline your workflow by saving any future editing without your having to click the Save button. more of the fields will be populated than if you have not. To preserve your work.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction If you have purchased WOW software. This field will display both SEGY ebcdic and binary information. information about these will appear in the SEGY Headers: text field at the bottom right of the dialog box. you can add a comment to the Comments: area. More details about WOW.2 109 . As in the WOW Horizons Info dialog box. In addition.12. click the Save button. plus a demonstration.

If you are working with bricked and compressed files.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Viewing the Data Now. you can use the ReadNext process of Frame Control to speed the display of seismic panels at regular increments. For a complete discussion of Lock View. For more details of ReadNext. The ReadNext process is not for use when you are moving through a survey randomly or changing the increment or direction each time you use Frame Control. zooming. magnifying. look at the data in order to detect the significant events and fault trends in the survey. • You can also facilitate your interpretation of seismic data by viewing seismic sections at regular increments in Frame Control. Use Lock View to step through a survey quickly. reselecting time. see the section “Synchronizing Your Work with Lock View” in the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual. Use arbitrary lines to determine the direction of true strike and dip. scrolling.12. • Use Lock View with bookmarks. or selecting seismic parameters and seismic files. Your Seismic Views will stay synchronized so that you are always looking at the same location. • Use Frame Control to familiarize yourself with the data in the preliminary phase of your interpretation. • You can also quickly detect trends by synchronizing Seismic Views through Lock View. R2003. see the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual. For a suggested workflow. Frame Control. see the “Using Frame Control” section of the “Selecting and Viewing Seismic Data” chapter in the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual. Apply the following strategies: • Use chair displays to distinguish the areal extent of a fault trend seen on a vertical section. Use Frame Control to interpret the data at regular intervals in the interpretation phase.2 110 • .

12. and Animate Forward . and instantaneous phase. • • • • • • R2003. Use Varifill in the Seismic Display Parameters dialog box to show both the wave form and color amplitude changes. pinchouts.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Use your spacebar to scroll through views in Frame Control. position your mouse cursor over the Stop control and press Button 1. The Seismic View display will advance or decline by the increments you specify in Increment: Multiplier in the Frame Control dialog box. This type of display is useful for picking structural trends. reflection strength. It is useful on zoomed displays for detailed stratigraphic analysis. To end this manner of Frame Control scrolling. Simply position the mouse cursor over one of the Frame Control buttons: Animate Backward . (Possible color map: strat. Backward . You can click on your spacebar instead of Button 1 to scroll through a Seismic View when you are in Frame Control.) Use three-shade color gradation maps with a white zero-crossing to show horizon boundaries. This technique allows you to relate seismic amplitude and attributes to stratigraphy and reservoir characteristics.) Use multicolor gradation maps to show sharp lateral variations of the amplitudes for very detailed stratigraphic work. and unconformities. Use wiggle traces to bias your eye toward the peak. • Use two-shade color gradation maps to enhance faults. (Possible color map: blkwht. Use overlay files to overlay seismic wiggle traces on top of variable density displays of seismic attributes such as velocity. Another strategy for viewing data is to vary color maps and display types in order to emphasize different attributes and structures. as well as stratigraphic shapes and patterns.) Use a color map that combines a gradation of bright colors for strong amplitudes and a series of gray colors for weak amplitudes. (Possible color map: bluwhtbn. Forward . Then press the spacebar on your keyboard. This color map will emphasize bright spots and variances within the strong amplitudes.2 111 .

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction See the appendix in the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual for a listing and full description of the Landmark-supplied color maps. provides several strategies for enhancing your view of SeisWorks data. For more information about PowerView. extracted from different seismic volumes. and Brightness) • Creating grids and contour maps • Previewing data easily • Linking Maps and Sections so that zooming.2 112 . R2003. They include: • Offering simultaneous comparisons of Maps and Sections with different color schemes • Increasing the range of color in your interpretation by applying individual color bars to each data item displayed • Highlighting subtle differences in identical attributes. through the effective use of dynamic color manipulation • Blending horizons and/or seismic volumes mathematically or by using RGB colors and HSB (Hue. To open PowerView. see the PowerView Quick Start Guide and PowerView Online manuals under Help in the PowerView main menu. PowerView. frame control. select Interpret ➛ PowerView from the SeisWorks main launcher. Saturation. available through the SeisWorks main launcher. PowerView tools enhance viewing capabilities.12. scrolling. and the drawing and deletion of polygons in one view will also be performed in the other views • Showing your position in SeisWorks through external tracking.

12. If you drag the horizon into a Seismic View. You can save the calculations as files to use again.2 113 . and use them in calculations. You can easily add to your interpretation in SeisWorks through PowerCalculator’s functionality. you can animate very quickly through seismic data. SeisCube displays seismic data as a large cube whose sides can be animated along its orthogonal axes.12. The rapid succession of seismic sections allows you to see stratigraphic trends and transitions that may not be readily apparent when animating through the same data in a Seismic View.1. R2003. clip. After you make a horizon calculation in PowerCalculator. such as merge. and so forth. or (2) above or below horizons and faults. you can see the horizon in the list by selecting Horizons ➛ Select from the SeisWorks main menu. see the PowerCalculator Quick Start Guide and PowerView Online manuals under Help in the PowerCalculator main menu. SeisCube allows you to evaluate stratigraphic trends very quickly. or create your own customized filter. Clipping tools allow you to clip the data (1) above or below a polyline. Installing SeisWorks R2003. and it will be added to the project’s horizon list. The utility also lets you create horizons using calculations.0 automatically installs the SeisCube executable into $SEISHOME/bin. or time dimension.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction PowerCalculator lets you create horizons and run calculations for use in SeisWorks. smooth. Navigation tools allow you to select whether you want to animate in the line. For more information about SeisCube. For more information about PowerCalculator. If you drag the horizon into Map View. select Utilities ➛ PowerCalculator from the SeisWorks main launcher. trace. This extensible geoscience calculator lets you drag and drop horizons directly from SeisWorks. You must have the appropriate license to run SeisCube. To open PowerCalculator. you can drag it into SeisWorks. you can see the horizon in the Horizon Display List. It is a particularly effective method for identifying subtle faults. In a moderately sized cube. see the SeisCube manual. see them. median. de-spike.

) R2003.2 114 .12. Exchanging data between these two applications allows you to cross-check geological and geophysical interpretations to ensure that ties between wells and seismic are accurate. Set the appropriate seismic project datum. The geologic columns can be shared by both SeisWorks/3D and StratWorks. true depth values. and well picks. it can be displayed in StratWorks. synthetics. and faults. On several arbitrary lines. Stretch and squeeze the synthetics to establish firm ties. Vol. and vice versa. (See the OpenWorks Data Management. The Surface/Fault Data Manager is an OpenWorks utility that allows you to build geologic columns that establish the relationships between surfaces. interpret horizons that tie to other wells. Save these arbitrary lines as point files. provided that the well has a valid time/depth table. Likewise. manual for more information on the Surface/Fault Data Manager. • • • • • • • Load well locations. Save the updated time/depth curves. The pick is then stored in the OpenWorks database. you identify it as one of the entries in the geologic column. curve data. Enter well picks and faults based on well-to-seismic correlation. intervals. 2. If you store a SeisWorks pick in depth. Copy time/depth curves from well to well. When you add a pick in SeisWorks. well picks that are created in StratWorks can be displayed in SeisWorks. Convert StratWorks Lines of Section (LOS) to point files and vice versa.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Establishing Ties Between Wells and Seismic Data Tie horizons of interest to wells. kelly bushing elevations. It also enables you to establish seismic reflectors for significant well picks. SeisWorks/3D can share picks with StratWorks.

SynTool is a Landmark product that allows you to generate synthetic seismograms from either sonic logs.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction You can create and edit synthetic seismograms with SynTool.2 115 .12. see the SynTool User Guide. It also provides a full suite of editing options. R2003. The resulting seismograms and their associated time-depth tables are stored in the OpenWorks database where they can be accessed by SeisWorks/3D. For more information on SynTool. density logs or both.

see the SeisCube manual. Some guidelines for this phase of the interpretation are listed below: • If possible. the fault heaves may appear jagged. Do not calculate fault heaves at close intervals. you can easily view the amplitudes on the face of the fault.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Refining the Fault Interpretation Use Frame Control to view the fault plane as it intersects a regular interval of lines or traces. Because you can clip seismic to fault planes in SeisCube. Maintaining a single orientation yields smoother results. see the SeisWorks/3D Fault Interpretation manual. use the Add Control Points option in the Map View to adjust the triangulated fault plane. Also. If necessary. If necessary. calculate the fault heaves on lines or traces only. If you do. inspect it in the Perspective View. Once you have triangulated the fault plane.12. R2003. • • • For more information on fault interpretation. If calculated on intersecting line orientations. refine the fault plane by creating and assigning new fault segments on previously unpicked lines.2 116 . SeisCube allows you to view the amplitudes on the face of a fault. because of its rapid animation. Examine your fault structure from this perspective to ensure that it is coherent. the fault heave symbols will overlap and clutter up the Map View. SeisCube can reveal fault trends that are not readily visible when animating in a Seismic View. For more information on SeisCube. Use Frame Control to inspect a regular interval of time slices.

If possible. you can show horizon data belonging to traces that are not displayed.12. and a Perspective View.2 117 . • • • • • • • • • R2003. zigzags. Initially. If the reflection of interest is relatively coherent across the survey. If the reflection is shattered by faulting. interpret faults on dip lines. not on strike lines. a Seismic View.) If you decimate your seismic display. Use point files to store important arbitrary lines. (For details. use a Map View. At the very least. Use horizon shadowing to frame through your display and watch for horizon “shadows” that can help you check or complete tracking. That is. Avoid the temptation to interpret a variety of events on a dense matrix of lines or traces. If you do. Use multiple display techniques. and loop displays in order to confirm that it correlates properly. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. interpret these horizons along one orientation. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. Use well and velocity data to guide your horizon interpretation.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Interpreting Major Faults and Horizons Begin a preliminary interpretation of the data. observe your data in time slices. you will be able to interpret it with a series of parallel lines. pick the primary faults and horizons sparingly on a regular interval in either the line or trace direction.) Use time slices to tie the fault picks. Instead. chair displays. Some guidelines for this phase of the interpretation are listed below: • Use multiple views to observe your interpretation as it proceeds. pick the faults on either lines or traces only. If possible. since these may be difficult to repick otherwise. Identify the key horizons. (For details. you may have to incorporate some perpendicular lines. your results will seem random and incoherent.

• R2003.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction • Do not attempt to correlate the faults too quickly. Often what appears at first to be a single fault structure will prove to be more than one.2 118 . Use exclusive control polygons to demarcate fault heaves so that these areas are not filled in when the horizon is auto-tracked by interpolation or ZAP!.

. For more information on ZAP! and Batch ZAP!.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Auto-tracking Your Horizons Once you have identified and articulated the major trends in your interpretation. To determine an appropriate tracking mode. so input points will always be preserved. available when you press the Settings. For more information on auto-tracking. each with slightly less restrictive parameters. The interpolation.. ZAP! and Batch ZAP! The most powerful Landmark tools for auto-tracking horizons are ZAP! and Batch ZAP! These programs use the preliminary horizon picks as input and auto-track the horizon wherever adjacent traces meet a specified set of seismic parameters. see the ZAP! manual. As a general strategy. Horizons created with these options must be refined with further interpretation. Run a succession of ZAP! jobs. Some guidelines for this phase of the interpretation are listed below: • Use horizons interpreted from well-tie arbitrary lines as the input seed points. The resulting picks are stored in the horizon file as horizon data. Create a new output horizon for the ZAP! results.12. pushbutton in the ZAP! Tracking Parameters dialog box.2 . you might begin with the most restrictive tracking type. Check the 119 • • R2003. (Tracking Type is set in the Tracking Settings dialog box. fill in the structural gaps using any of the following methods: • • • • ZAP! and Batch ZAP! interpolation triangularization gridding ZAP! and Batch ZAP! can produce fully interpreted horizons. begin with a highly restrictive tracking mode and a very sensitive tracking score. triangularization. and gridding options allow you to fill in the planes of horizons and faults but do not yield fully interpreted horizons.) Use a moderately restrictive score such as 75. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. Complex.

add seedpoints. use the Paintbrush or Zap Polygon Interpolate option in Map View to fill unpicked areas. Use the same restrictive mode. Use the Paintbrush or Zap Polygon option in Map View to (1) delete the bad seedpoints and their descendents. Toggle on the Block at Faults option in the ZAP! Tracking Parameters dialog box to intercept ZAP! auto-tracking at the faults. Smoothing can mask subtle but essential minor faults and amplitude variations. Use the smoothing option in Horizon ➛ Computations ➛ Filter to smooth the final. and turn Clear Output Horizon on in the ZAP! Tracking Parameters dialog box. and determine whether these are caused by dips or by problems in the seed points. Gradually. you might use an even more restrictive parameter such as 90. Be careful.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction quality of the resulting horizon by displaying a combination of lines. Once the horizon has been tracked over the majority of the survey. Then. Once your initial zapped horizon is acceptable. Repeat this process until no additional points are added to the horizon by additional ZAP! jobs. turn off Clear Output Horizon. set slightly less restrictive parameters. the results will be inconsistent. refine it by picking additional seed points and rerunning ZAP!. Use the Snap then Pick option in the ZAP! Tracking Parameters dialog box to snap all points to a single onset type before tracking. traces. If the resulting horizon has too many misties. Look for areas of sudden shifts. and run additional jobs. and arbitrary lines over areas not picked as the original input points. Use the Display Minimum Jump option in the Paintbrush Control dialog box to identify areas where the zapped horizon may be in error. If you find coherent patterns of bad picks.12. use the Paintbrush Lineage option in the Paintbrush menu to determine their source. interpolated horizon in the line and trace directions. • • • • • • • R2003. • If part of the input horizon has been auto-tracked and part of it has been manually tracked. Use your well log data to check the accuracy of your horizon interpretation. and (2) retrack the area.2 120 . fill in the horizon by running a succession of ZAP! jobs.

R2003. You can then use your results as input to ZAP!. SeisCube duplicates most of the horizon and fault options that are available in SeisWorks/3D.2 121 .12. This is necessary since the ZAP! Paintbrush options and Map Analysis options are available only in the Map View. auto-filling the horizon between any two picked points. if you interpreted every eighth line during the preliminary interpretation phase. It is useful for creating quick maps of a horizon where it is relatively uncomplicated and constant across the survey. You can digitize on the seismic cube as you animate through it. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. Generally. For example. you will select the direction that is perpendicular to the predominant direction of the picks that you have already made. You can specify that the interpolation be performed in either the line direction or the trace direction. Interpolation Interpolate is a standard SeisWorks/3D option that interpolates between seedpoints. you still use the Map View to refine the output horizon. For more information on interpolating horizons. you may now wish to inspect every fourth or second line and reinterpret the horizon where necessary. see the SeisCube manual. The resulting “zapped” horizon will be posted in SeisCube automatically. For more information on SeisCube. Repeat this process until you are confident of the accuracy of your interpretation. use arbitrary lines to display various sections of the interpolated horizon. Once you have interpolated the horizon. Generally. when you perform your preliminary interpretation in SeisCube.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction SeisCube allows you to interpret horizon and faults as you animate through the seismic data. Refine the horizon by adding additional horizon picks.

use the Convert Map Data to Horizon. After you have interpreted a horizon at regular intervals across your area of interest. use arbitrary lines to inspect various sections of the new horizon. you may now wish to inspect every fourth or second line and reinterpret the horizon where necessary. option under Mapping to convert the triangulated or gridded contours into a solid fill horizon with a new name. Next. Depending upon which type of contours you select. Once you have converted the map points to a solid fill horizon.. if you interpreted every eighth line during the preliminary interpretation phase. Repeat this process until you are confident of the accuracy of your interpretation. Unrotated grids you create in PowerView are accessible in SeisWorks. use the Convert Horizon to Map Points option in the Map It! dialog box to write map points into a mapping file. save it to the current OpenWorks project. To preserve your work. For more information on triangularization and gridding. see the PowerView Online Manual in the Help menu.2 122 .12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Triangularization and Gridding This option provides essentially the same sort of undifferentiated surface fill as Interpolation does.. Generally. Gridding capabilities in PowerView You can create a grid from a horizon in PowerView. you will use only the triangularization and gridding options to fill in horizons if you do not have a ZAP! license. Refine the horizon using an orderly pattern. Then use the Map View Contents dialog box to display either gridded or triangulated computed contours. either a gridded or a triangulated surface will be computed. see the SeisWorks/3D Maps & Plots manual. For details of gridding in PowerView. For example. R2003.

It is also useful for investigating problems that are related to processing. see the SeisWorks/3D Horizon Interpretation manual. Some guidelines for this phase of the interpretation are listed below: • Use the Difference option to detect small faults only a few traces wide—for example. Once you identify faults. For the best results in map analysis. shattered fault zones. so the horizon must be picked in a consistent manner.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Analyzing the Horizon Interpretation Once you have built a detailed structure map you can use the Dip. Edge Detection.2 123 . It shows the highest resolution of fault sampling. and Difference options (Horizons ➛ Map Analysis in Map View) to analyze the map for anomalies and other subtle features. and mispicks that may not appear on a standard structure map. This tool is effective for detecting faults. faults. not on the actual seismic data. Azimuth maps can help you pinpoint subtle changes in dip direction that might represent low-angle faults. These tools reveal fault trends. Dip Azimuth. Use Dip to show exact changes in dip direction in true dip. For information on using the Map Analysis options listed above. (A disadvantage of the difference map is that if the dip of the faults is not in the line or trace direction. lineations. • • • • R2003. you can draw fault polygons directly on any of the analysis maps. Use the Azimuth to show exact changes in true dip direction from 0 to 360 degrees. They are also useful for confirming structural closure and for locating the crest of an anticline or the surge of a syncline. Use Dip Azimuth to view dip and azimuth values in the same maps. Azimuth. faults show apparent dip rather than true dip. A difference map highlights very subtle lineations and faults. or steep horizon dip.) Use Edge Detection to exaggerate sharp dip changes such as reef edges. accounting for dip direction in both the line and trace directions. use an input horizon that has been completely auto-tracked and interpolated (but not smoothed). The map analysis algorithms are applied to the interpreted horizon.12. then transfer them to the final gridded and contoured structure map.

A few strategies are described below. you can evaluate whether amplitude anomalies correspond to significant structural formations and well properties. This practice can yield valuable insights. you can convert the time horizons that you create in SeisWorks to depth surfaces that you can display in StratWorks. Then read the time grid into a SeisWorks map data file (. convert the grids to horizons.12. then display the result in a Seismic View with the SeisWorks horizon that corresponds to the same event. Read gridded petrophysical values (such as porosity and permeability) into SeisWorks. With TDQ. and vice versa.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction TDQ performs time-depth and depth-time conversions. Using TDQ. Comparing the horizons can enable you to fine-tune the following: • time/depth tables • well picks • seismic horizons R2003. and display the resulting horizons in Map View. The SeisWorks horizons and StratWorks surfaces are stored in a common Oracle database as map points or grids. Gridded depth surfaces from StratWorks. convert the StratWorks depth grid to time. StratWorks depth surfaces are created by gridding well picks.2 124 . In this manner.dts). The surfaces are stored in the Oracle database as grids. TDQ is a Landmark product that allows you to construct three-dimensional velocity models for performing time-to-depth and depth-to-time conversions. Convert the grid to a horizon. Gridded petrophysical values from StratWorks. Comparing OpenWorks surfaces to SeisWorks horizons Exchanging data between SeisWorks and StratWorks allows you to gauge the reliability of your interpretation by consulting all of the available data.

Landmark

SeisWorks/3D Introduction

Creating Maps
The final stage of interpretation is to create maps that you can use to present your findings to management. SeisWorks/3D provides two types of computed contouring—gridded and triangulated. The gridded contours are much smoother than the triangulated contours. Consequently, using the gridded contour option is the quickest way to produce presentation-quality contour maps. Both types of contouring are performed on pointsets that have been created by writing shotline points and control points into a mapping file. Generally, you will want to create a separate mapping file for each of the major horizons in your project. You can use the Map It! option to specify both a mapping file and the contouring parameters at the same time. The fault polygons that you created while doing map analysis can also be incorporated into the gridded and contoured maps. Once you have created computed contours for each of the major horizons, convert the computed contours into manual contours. This step enables you to modify the computed contours (if necessary) and to annotate them according to your particular needs. If appropriate, create map overlay files to show lease boundaries, political boundaries, etc. For more information on mapping, see the SeisWorks/3D Maps and Plots manual.

OpenVision enhances viewing of horizons, faults, and seismic. OpenVision is a presentation tool designed to exhibit a fully interpreted prospect in 3D space. It allows you to view faults, horizons, attribute maps, seismic sections, and well boreholes from a variety of angles and perspectives. Included in the application are tools that enhance the rendering and viewing of spatial relationships between these surfaces.

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Appendix A: SeisWorks/3D Icons

SeisWorks provides icons that allow you quick access to frequently used menu options. These icons appear on the left side of all Seismic, Map, Horizon Image Map, and Perspective Views. Clicking on the icon is equivalent to selecting the option from the menu. Some icons, such as the View Contents and Redraw icons, are common to all four types of views. Others are specific to a particular view, such as the Horizon Interpretation icon found on Seismic View. The icons are summarized in the following pages.

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Menu equivalent: View ➛ Zoom ➛ Restore Zoom Popup Menu ➛ Restore Unzoom Allows you to recenter the display. Click on the icon. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Redraw 1 -Redraw Redraw 2 -Reinitialize & Redraw R2003. The display moves in the direction you move the cursor. Move Map Menu equivalent: View ➛ Move Map Press Mouse Button 1 to redraw the Map View. Click on the icon.12. Press Mouse Button 2 to redraw the view using the updated file cache. zoom out.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Map View Icons The icons available in the Map View are described in the table below. press Button 2. large zoom rectangle = less zoom) Menu equivalent: View ➛ Zoom ➛ Areal Zoom Allows you to “zoom in” on an area of interest by positioning the cursor at the location you want to be at the center of the new. To zoom out. then drag the cursor to view another area. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Zoom ➛ Point Zoom Areal Zoom Point Zoom Quits the Zoom mode and restores the Map View display to its original scale. press and hold Button 1 anywhere on the display. move your cursor over the map. Drag the cursor to expand the zoom rectangle over the area you want to zoom. Map View Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Allows you to “zoom in” on an area of interest by drawing a selection rectangle around it on the basemap. enlarged display. Use this menu to zoom in. and press Button 1 in the center of the area that you want to zoom in on. You can also click on this icon and press Button 3 for the Zoom popup menu. Click on the icon. recenter. and press Button 1 to anchor the first point for the zoom rectangle. To use an icon.2 128 . then move your cursor over the map. Most icons have a menu equivalent. (Small zoom rectangle = more zoom. simply click on that icon to perform the corresponding function. then press Button 2 to complete the zoom. and restore the view.

2 129 . The Map updates immediately when you make your choice.. Pressing Button 2 on the icon lets you re-execute a mapping job that has been set up already. the Map View where you are making the changes will have the Color Control icon with the arrow.. Displays the Map View Horizons dialog box. Choose a mapping file from Mapping ➛ Mapping Files.. Toggle Background Color Displays the Color Bar. It is equivalent to the Display Horizons portion of the Contents dialog box.. Display Horizons Menu equivalent: View ➛ Contents.. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Contents. Map It! Menu equivalent: Mapping ➛ MapIt. Color Control Displays the Map View Contents dialog box in which you select the types of data to be displayed. (Horizons panel) R2003. Edit Polygons Menu equivalent: Faults ➛ Edit Polygons Press Button 1 on the icon to display the Map It! dialog box so you can set up and execute a computed contour job. This dialog box provides a quick way to set the display horizons in each Map View. The default is black. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Color Control.. the Color Control icon changes to display an arrow that indicates the particular view in which the control changes will actively be seen.12. When you are making a color change in a Map View. if you have two Map Views open. then click on the icon and follow the instructions in the message bar. View Contents Provides shortcut to fault polygon editing. and you are displaying a color bar for one of them. For instance..Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Map View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Lets you choose between white and black background for the Map View..

see RAVE Online Help. For more information.2 130 . RAVE Polygon Select Click on this icon to enter the RAVE Square Select mode.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Map View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent This icon accesses an option within ZAP!. When you click on the icon with Button 3. If you have a ZAP! horizon displayed. Then. or the correct horizon is not displayed. You can also view how ZAP! tracked the horizon from a seed point (the lineage). Displays the Map View Scaled Plotting dialog box. If ZAP! is not running. the icon will not be active. Scaled Plot R2003. you can click on the Paintbrush icon to enter Paintbrush mode. When you click on the icon with Button 3.. the Polygon Create popup menu appears. Well RAVE Planning Square Select Menu equivalent: Wells ➛ Interpret Well Plans Click on this icon to enter the RAVE Polygon Select mode.12. from which you can create new plans and read or write digitized plans to OpenWorks. Menu equivalent: File ➛ Scaled Plot. the Rave Select Square popup menu appears. Menu equivalent: Faults ➛ Interpret Fault Interpretation Paintbrush Enters Well Planning mode. Menu equivalent: Horizons ➛ Paintbrush Puts you in the Fault Interpretation mode in the Map View. This icon is visible only when you run SeisWorks/3D simultaneously with RAVE.. you can fill. see RAVE Online Help. Use this dialog box to scale and capture the current image for hardcopy plotting. You enable the display of well plans and targets from the Seismic View Contents dialog box. and rescan horizons. and ZAP! is running. and you can delete tracked points. In this mode. smooth. This icon is visible only when you run SeisWorks/3D simultaneously with RAVE. For more information. pressing Button 3 within the view displays the Well Planning menu.

Use the Button 3 popup menu to restore the view to its original scale. Or. the Map View where you are making the changes will have the Color Control icon with the arrow. . Seismic View Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Allows you to “zoom in” on an area of interest. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Redraw Redraw 1 . The Seismic View returns to its original scale. Click the icon. if you have two Map Views open. For instance. Press Mouse Button 2 to redraw the view using the updated file cache. and press Button 3 for the Zoom popup menu. Color Control R2003.12.= zoom out). Menu equivalent: Zoom Popup Menu ➛ Restore Unzoom Zoom Press Mouse Button 1 to redraw the Map View. press Button 1 to effect the zoom.Redraw 2 -Reinitialize & Redraw Displays the color bar. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Color Control.. simply click on that icon to perform the corresponding function.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic View Icons The icons available in the Seismic View are described in the table below. When the window is the desired size. Most icons have a menu equivalent. When you are making a color change in a Map View. use keystroke equivalents to size the zoom window (+ = zoom in. and you are displaying a color bar for one of them.2 131 . Menu equivalent: View ➛ Zoom Quits the Zoom mode. the Color Control icon changes to display an arrow that indicates the particular view in which the control changes will actively be seen.. To use an icon.

Displays the Contents dialog box for this view. For more information on Lock View. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Contents.Frame Forward 2 . and to scale and clip the seismic data in the display. to scale the seismic display. Seismic Parameters Menu equivalent: Seismic ➛ Parameters.Lock View 2. Frame Control Menu equivalent: View ➛ Frame Control. Use the Parameters dialog box to select the seismic file.12. to flip lines or traces.. below.) You can lock Seismic Views together in as many as five groups. R2003. When you click on the red Lock View icon (shown at left. the hasp on the lock is drawn to appear closed.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Lets you synchronize your work on various Seismic Views by allowing you to view different seismic data in the same place on the same line at the same scale. see the SeisWorks/3D Data Display manual. Clicking on this icon using Button 1 sets the frame display ahead by whatever increment you have set in the Increment Parameters dialog box. Enables you to control Frame Control navigation without opening the Frame Control dialog box.. View Contents 1 . you specify the number of lines you want to move ahead or back from your originally selected line.. Clicking on the icon using Button 2 sets the frame display back by the same increment.Frame Backward Brings up the Parameters dialog box. the icon turns green. to choose variable density or wiggle display. You use this dialog box to display lines parallel to your originally selected line in the Seismic View.. In the Frame Control dialog box.Lock Control Menu equivalent: View ➛ Lock View Brings up the Frame Control dialog box. above) to lock two or more Seismic Views together. It is equivalent to clicking on the Back control in the Frame Control dialog box. and the number of the group in which you have locked your views together appears on the body of the lock (shown at left.. 1.. It is equivalent to clicking on the Forward control in the Frame Control dialog box.2 132 .

and selecting Interpret. or click Button 2 to retain the right portion of the current line. press Button 3 over the seismic section. You use this dialog box to select an active horizon. Time Slice. The choices are Midpoint. you start in the Point Mode. Menu equivalent: Horizons ➛ Interpret (Other equivalents: Interpret Horizons from the Button 3 Seismic Section menu. and select Close Interpretation.. As when you use any other method to start horizon interpretation. the icon changes to reflect your current choice. Horizon Interpretation If you have not interpreted or selected any horizons. Simply click Button 1 at the location of the intersecting line in the Seismic View. To exit horizon interpretation.2 133 . ZigZag. Interpret Horizons from the Button 3 Fault Interpretation menu. If you choose another method of selection from the Seismic menu.) R2003. the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box appears when you click on the icon. If you do this. Point to Point. Menu equivalent: Seismic ➛ Select from Map. select multiple horizons for display. Menu equivalent: Seismic ➛ Intersection from Seismic Intersection from Seismic Allows you to display a “fold” of the current line and a line that abuts it.. you do not need to exit from horizon interpretation first. Click Button 1 at the line intersection to retain the left portion of the current line. You can also click on the Fault Interpretation icon or the <f> key to move from horizon to fault interpretation. and Chair Display.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic View (Continued) Icon Select from Map Function & Menu Equivalent Selects a seismic section from the Map View for display in the Seismic View. with the Active Horizon being the horizon you can interpret. Loop. The default setting for Select from Map is Midpoint. Midpoint Midpoint Point to Point Loop ZigZag Time Slice Chair Display Allows you to display any line that intersects the current seismic section. Fold from Seismic Menu equivalent: Seismic ➛ Fold from Seismic Puts you in the Horizon Interpretation mode.12. or create a horizon.

When you animate the cube of data in SeisCube and then stop the animation. When you click on the icon with Button 3. R2003.12. In this mode. the Seismic View is in communication with SeisCube. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Receive Seismic. The red circle (top figure) means that there is no communication between the SeisWorks Seismic View and SeisCube. from which you can create new plans and read or write digitized plans to OpenWorks. This icon is visible only when you run SeisWorks/3D simultaneously with RAVE. you enter in the Select/Create Segments mode. Then. Menu equivalent: Faults ➛ Interpret (Other equivalents: Interpret Faults from the Button 3 Seismic Section menu. Well Planning Menu equivalent: Wells ➛ Interpret Well Plans Allows you to receive seismic trace data from the SeisCube program. When you click on this icon. As with the other means for starting fault interpretation. and selecting Interpret. the Polygon Create popup menu appears. For more information. the current SeisCube data is sent to the Seismic View in SeisWorks. see the RAVE User Guide. the Rave Select Square popup menu appears. you do not need to exit from fault interpretation first. For more information. RAVE Polygon Select RAVE Square Select Click on this icon to enter the RAVE Square Select mode. This icon is visible only when you run SeisWorks/3D simultaneously with RAVE. the bull’s-eye symbol turns green (bottom figure). You enable the display of well plans and targets from the Seismic View Contents dialog box.) Enables well planning within the current Seismic View. Fault Interpretation You can exit fault interpretation by selecting Close Interpretation from the Button 3 menu.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Puts you in the Fault Interpretation mode. Press Button 3 on the Seismic View for the Interpret Faults pulldown menu with additional options. When you click on the icon with Button 3. Receive Seismic Click on this icon to enter the RAVE Polygon Select mode. Interpret Faults from the Button 3 Horizon Interpretation menu. see the RAVE User Guide. pressing Button 3 within the view displays the Well Planning menu. You can switch from fault to horizon interpretation by clicking on the Horizon Interpretation icon or pressing the <h> key. If you do this.2 134 .

Menu equivalent: File ➛ Scaled Plot..2 135 . Scaled Plot R2003.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Seismic View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Displays the Scaled Plotting dialog box for this view.12..

2 136 .. View Contents Color Control Allows you to rotate the Perspective View cube. the Map View where you are making the changes will have the Color Control icon with the arrow. release Button 1 to set the scale. if you have two Map Views open. When you are satisfied with the view. For instance. and you are displaying a color bar for one of them. When you are satisfied with the position of the perspective cube. you can press Button 3 and select Set Angle from the popup menu. The status line at the bottom of the Perspective View instructs you to hold Button 1 to rotate the view. Most icons have a menu equivalent. Displays the Contents dialog box for this view.12. Viewing Angle Without Data Menu equivalent: View ➛ Viewing Angle ➛ Without Data R2003. Respecify Scale Factor Menu equivalent: View ➛ Z Axis ➛ Respecify Scale Factor Press Mouse Button 1 to redraw the Map View.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Perspective View Icons The icons available in the Perspective View are described in the table below.. the Color Control icon changes to display an arrow that indicates the particular view in which the control changes will actively be seen. After you click on this icon. When you are making a color change in a Map View. simply click on that icon to perform the corresponding function. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Redraw 1 -Redraw Redraw 2 -Reinitialize & Redraw Displays the Color Bar. To use an icon. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Color Control. press Button 1 and drag the cursor. Press Mouse Button 2 to redraw the view using the updated file cache. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Contents... Perspective View Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Respecifies the scale of the Perspective View.

Reselect Range Displays the Scaled Plotting dialog box for this view. Scaled Plot R2003..2 137 . Menu equivalent: View ➛ Z Axis ➛ Reselect Range.. Menu equivalent: File ➛ Scaled Plot.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Perspective View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Displays the Time Range Selection dialog box so you can set the time range for the data to be displayed in the Perspective View.

Areal Zoom Menu equivalent: View ➛ Zoom ➛Button 3 popup menu Quits the Zoom mode and restores the Horizon Image Map display to its original scale.12. Color Control R2003. and restore the view. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Contents. and press Button 3 for the Zoom menu.2 138 . the Map View where you are making the changes will have the Color Control icon with the arrow. When you are making a color change in a Map View. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Redraw 1 -Redraw Redraw 2 -Reinitialize & Redraw Displays the Horizon Image Map Contents dialog box in which you select the types of data to be displayed. Menu equivalent: Zoom Popup Menu ➛ Restore Unzoom Press Mouse Button 1 to redraw the Map View. For instance.. To use an icon. the Color Control icon changes to display an arrow that indicates the particular view in which the control changes will actively be seen. recenter. All icons have a menu equivalent.. Use this menu to zoom in. Click on this icon. and you are displaying a color bar for one of them. zoom out.. simply click on that icon to perform the corresponding function. View Contents Displays the Color Bar. Press Mouse Button 2 to redraw the view using the updated file cache. Menu equivalent: View ➛ Color Control. if you have two Map Views open. Horizon Image Map View Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Allows you to “zoom in” on an area of interest by drawing a selection rectangle around it on the basemap.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Horizon Image Map View Icons The icons available in the Horizon Image Map are described in the table below..

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Horizon Image Map View (Continued) Icon Function & Menu Equivalent Displays the Horizon Image Map View Scaled Plotting dialog box. Use this dialog box to scale and capture the current image for hardcopy plotting. Scaled Plot Brings up the Map It! dialog box in which you enter contouring specifications..2 139 ...12. Menu equivalent: File ➛ Scaled Plot. Menu equivalent: Mapping ➛ MapIt. Map It! R2003..

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction R2003.12.2 140 .

Toggles Magnify mode on/off. Magnification takes place where the cursor is located on the display.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Appendix B: Expert Keys Expert keys let you accomplish certain tasks or select certain options with a single keystroke. the Multiple Horizon Selection dialog box appears before you can enter Horizon Interpretation mode. Turns faults off and on. Calculates fault heaves for displayed seismic. Invokes Fault Interpretation mode. Turns horizons off and on. If a horizon has not been selected or created.. In addition. Expert Keys Key Number Key Effect Available at all times in Seismic View h Invokes Horizon Interpretation mode. Press <r> to restore the display to its original state. Toggles Zoom mode on/off.. f Ctrl+h Ctrl+f y Ctrl+y / w z m R2003.12. turn on the Fault Heaves option in Map View ➛ View ➛ Contents. You can also magnify more or less using the <+> or <-> keys. Use the Button 3 Magnify popup menu to magnify from one to eight times. or change to Fault Interpretation mode by pressing the <f> key. To redisplay them. other expert keys become available when you are in particular modes. or redraw the window. Temporarily clears all horizon and fault interpretations from the seismic data. you can switch to Horizon Interpretation mode simply by pressing the <h> key..2 141 . All SeisWorks/3D expert keys are listed below. For example. Toggle turns flattening on and off. enter horizon or fault interpretation mode. Twenty-four expert keys are available at all times from within the Seismic View. Flattens on a horizon. To see the calculated fault heaves.

12. moves the seismic display to the right.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Expert Keys Key o < > q Number Key Effect Sends Seismic View contents to OpenVision or other application. Available while interpreting horizons in Seismic View v Ctrl+s Ctrl+w Ctrl+z b Down arrow Up arrow Ctrl+a -> <- p d a t c i 1 2 3 4 5 Invokes Point mode. Position the cursor over the horizon you want to become active. Moves you forward in Frame Control. Accesses the Active Horizon ➛ Cursor Location. Invokes Correlation mode. moves the seismic display to the left. Activates the Bookmarks dialog box. Moves display forward in bookmark list. Turns seismic displays off and on. Moves display backward in bookmark list. Only those horizons you selected for display will be available. and horizontal only. vertical only. R2003. Moves you backward in Frame Control. Creates a bookmark manually. Invokes Delete Mode.2 142 . Turns wells off and on. Invokes Scroll Control. Toggles the extended location cursor between none (default). Invokes Scroll Control. Flips seismic display. full (horizontal and vertical). Note that you must move the cursor after you toggle to see the change. and press Button 1. Invokes Auto Dip mode. Invokes Auto Tracking mode. Is equivalent of Reselect Time.

Can be used only after choosing +. In the Fault Interpretation mode. R2003. Press Button 1 to redraw. Available while in zoom mode in Seismic View u + Reduces the size of the zoom rectangle. displaying the data bounded by the zoom rectangle’s new location. Available in Map View - c r d Activates the Begin Display option from the Button 3 popup menu in Map View when you are using the Select from Map option. with the Edit Points option active. thus diminishing the amount of zoom. You must have a line or trace displayed in a Seismic View. Restores the display to its original scale. toggles on the Select/Create Segments option Undoes the last action.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Expert Keys Key l Number Key Effect Accesses the Active Horizon ➛ List Selection. Undoes your last action. Press Button 1 to redraw.12. thus increasing the amount of zoom. Opens the Active Horizon dialog box and lists any horizons you have selected during your horizon interpretation session. Available in Time Slice interpretation k g j Changes to “Brush” tracking mode Available while interpreting faults in Seismic View c or Del s Cuts the selected segment. Available while correlating faults in Map View c u Deletes a selected fault segment. Enlarges the size of the zoom rectangle.2 143 . You can then select a new active horizon from this list. Recenters the zoom rectangle at the current cursor position and redraws the Seismic View. Opens Tracking Parameters dialog box Displays the intersecting line or trace.

Redraws the Map View with the current cursor location as the center of the zoomed display.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Expert Keys Key Number Key Effect Available while in Point Zoom mode in Map View + c r Redraws the Map View at a larger scale.12.2 144 . R2003. Restores the display to its original scale. reducing the scale. Redraws the Map View.

R2003. see page 91. you can assign any available function to the expert key of your choice. For details.12.2 145 .Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Programmable Expert Keys Beginning with Release 2003.12.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction R2003.12.2 146 .

Create seed points on first and last trace.2 147 . You can also use the spacebar to create points. R2003. Delete a. Auto Tracking Correlation Control+MB1 Modify Horizons Mode Retrack MB1a Deleteb Mouse Button Action Edit existing picks. Click on beginning and end of segment to delete. Undo option deletes tracking since you last entered Horizon mode. Retrack option must be active on Tracking ➛ Tracking Parameters dialog box accessed from the Horizon mode MB3 menu). begin new segment and new rubberband.12. Write segment to file and close rubberband. (For auto modes. Control+MB1 Delete in both directions to edge of display and delete from file. Set seed point to track in both directions to edge of display and write to file. Create seed point on first trace. changed horizons. Again to set track length and direction. b.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Appendix C: Mouse Actions Horizon Action Summary A summary of common horizon interpretation mouse actions is shown below. Write previous segment to file. or clicked MB2 or Shift+MB1 to write to the horizon file. (You must be in Delete<d> mode). Interpret Horizons Mode Point Auto Dip Auto Tracking Correlation All All MB2 Shift+MB1 MB1a Mouse Button Action Create points.

2 148 . Move polygon R2003.12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Create/Move Correlation Polygons Mode Mouse Button MB1 Polygon MB2 drag MB1 Action Create vertex (at least 3). Close polygon.

On handle of selected segment and drag to reposition the handle. Areal Delete (Map View Only) Mode Mouse Button MB1 Polygon MB2 Close polygon. a. Write segment to database and close rubberband. Edit Faults Mode Activate Edit Mode Cut segmenta Move handle Add handle Delete handle MBI MB1 MB2 Mouse Button MB1 Action To select fault for editing. On handle of selected segment to remove the handle.2 149 . Select Cut Segment option from the MB3 Interpret Faults menu. begin new segment and new rubberband. Handles display on selected segment. You can also use the spacebar to create points (in Seismic View only). a. R2003.12. Interpret Faults Mode Mouse Button MB1a Create Segment MB2 Shift+MB1 Action Create points. On selected segment to add a handle at that position. Write previous segment to the database. Undo option MB3 Interpret Faults menu deletes in reverse order points not yet written to database. Action Create vertex (at least 3).Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Fault Action Summary A summary of common fault interpretation mouse actions is shown below.

2 150 .12.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction R2003.

overview 19-26 dialog box commands. illustrated Color Edit Options 57. 86 Set Up Expert Keys 91 WOW Horizon Info 106 WOW Seismic Info 106 Index 151 . 58 Font Selection 60 Map Color Bar 56 Multiple Horizon Selection 85. common 72 dialog boxes.12.2 menu bars 73 menu items followed by arrows 74 ellipses 74 no punctuation 74 number editors 76 option menus 75 popup menus 88 radio buttons 76 text fields 75 tool tips 79 Create button 72 data assessing seismic 104 viewing strategies 110-113 data management.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Index SeisWorks/3D Introduction A Apply button 72 B background. Map white/black option 56 Button 3 popup menus 94 C Cancel button 72 Close button 72 D color 56-58 default color bar 59 file browser 59 icon 58 color bars setting defaults for number desired 35 color maps using in interpretation 111-112 Common Desktop Environment 51 conventions 73-77 Button 3 popup menus 94 check boxes 77 dialog box pushbuttons 72 manual 15 R2003.

OpenWorks 24 IRIX window managers and 52 L LGC_SEIS_NOPROMPT 36 List button 72 Index 152 .12. 117 mouse actions 149 fault names tool tips 79 faults drag and drop 84-86 files fault set (.2 horizon names tool tips 79 horizon selection dialog boxes multiple 65-71 making and displaying sets 69-71 selecting and displaying horizons 66-68 single 61 horizons auto-tracking strategies 119-122 display limit in Seismic Views 59 drag and drop 84-86 interpretation analysis 123 interpretation strategies 117 mouse actions 147-148 I icons all views 88. 116 using ReadNext in 110 G gridding and triangularization 122 H horizon files selecting and displaying 66-68 R2003. 145 F fault interpretation strategies 116.fst) 25 font control 60 Font Selection dialog box 60 Frame Control 110. 88 interpolation 121 interpretation strategies 101-125 interpreters. 129. 131. 127-138 Color Control 58. refreshing a 98 drag and drop 84-86 E environmental variable LGC_SEIS_NOPROMPT 36 expert keys 90.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction display. 136. 141-144 programmable 91-93. 138 tool tips 79.

110 M manuals available online 14 Map background white/black option 56 maps analysis computations 123 creation strategies 125 menu bars 73 Motif window manager 51 mouse actions faults 149 horizons 147-148 summarized 147-149 mouse button clicks shortcuts for 87 multiple selection dialog boxes components 65 N OpenVision 125 OpenWorks interpreters 24 projects 22 well lists 25 option menus 75 P popup menus 88 Postpone Redraw button 72 PowerCalculator 101. 145 project datum.12. 99 R2003.... switching 55. 122 programmable expert keys 91-93..Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction Lock View 101. seismic 37-38 projects OpenWorks 22 seismic 20 R radio buttons 76 ReadNext. 113 PowerView 102. available online 14 number editors 76 S O Save List. 69 OK button 72 screens 51 Open List. using in Frame Control 110 Note 98 release notes. button 64. button 64. 112. 69 screens.2 Index 153 .

12. 65 SeisCube 113. Filter. 65 wildcard characters 63 single selection components 62-64 sessions deleting 42 exiting SeisWorks 45 opening 31-35. Filter.Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction scroll bars 78 Search. 124 Switch Screens option 55 SynTool 115 T TDQ 124 text fields 75 tool tips 79 triangularization and gridding 122 U user preferences saving of 44 W well and seismic ties.2 shortcuts 84-99 double. strategies for 114 well lists 25 Index 154 .or triple-click to highlight 97 double-click to accept 97 entering data in dialog boxes 84-97 expert keys 90 mouse button clicks 87 Return key to accept & close 96 scroll bars 78 Solaris window managers and 51 Startup Prompt 41 StratWorks 114. setting 37-38 seismic projects 20 SeisWorks Data Selector 102. assessing 104 seismic project datum. 121 seismic data. 40-41 saving 39 shared seismic volumes in memory when exiting SeisWorks 45-47 when starting SeisWorks 34 R2003. and Reset buttons 64 searching and filtering 62-64. 116. 104 SeisWorks/3D expert keys 141-144 icons 127-138 selecting horizons 66-68 selection dialog boxes 61-71 list handling 61 multiple selection components 65 Search. and Reset buttons 64 searching and filtering 62-64.

Landmark SeisWorks/3D Introduction wells tools tips 79 wildcard characters 63 window management 51-54 window managers IRIX and 52 Solaris and 51 windows opening. overview 103 WOW data tables 105-109 Z ZAP! 119 R2003.2 Index 155 . in SeisWorks 48-50 workflow interpretation.12.

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