l P p h e q P ph

tu vkna ksyukas dk jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk

vDVcw j 2011

&11 vDVcw j 2011] dks v;ks/;k ls vkjEHk
gqbZ lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk ;k=k 490
fdyksehVj dh njw h r; djrs gq,] QStkckn]
y[kuÅ] lhrkiqj] “kkgtgkia qj] eqjknkckn
gksrs gq,] 15 vDVcw j dks fnYyh igqp
a h&

lPph eqPph ds izdk'k fcanq esa---

Åij% Jhuxj

ls bEQ+ky
bZjkse 'kjehyk
ds leFkZu esa
tu&dkjokWa
ck;s%a v;ks/;k ls

gt+jr
fut+keqn~nhu
lkEiznkf;d
ln~Hkkouk ;k=k
2 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

fo"k; lwph
1234567-

lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk ;k=k------------------ 3
vU; /kkfeZd LFkyksa ij yaxj----------------- 8
^QkewZyk ou dkj jSyh* vkSj fdlku-----11
Hkwe.Myhdj.k vkSj xkaoksa dk vfLrRo---13
fVgjh o dksVs'oj cka/k vkSj foLFkkiu--15
vkfFkZd eanh] fQj eph [kycyh-----------16
dfork;sa------------------------------------------------------- 20

lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk ;k=k

lPph eqPph
o"kZ 10% vad 10 vDVwcj 2011
lEiknd e.My
,l-vkj-nkjkiqjh 9415164845
ukxs'k f=ikBh 9452112004
vjfoUn ewfrZ 9839835032
jksek 9415233583
jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
QSDl% 0522&2358230
lykgdkj e.My
es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro]
;ksxsUnz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu]
uhykHk feJ] vthr lkgh] ts-ih- flag] MkW- lquhye~
O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ%
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016-m0iz0
Qksu% 0522&2347365] 9839073355
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
foKkiu% nsos'k iVsy 9919841007
forj.k% oYyHkkpk;Z] iznhi flag
^ysvkmV] fMt+kbu] izdk'ku*%
lh-,u-,l- www.citizen-news.org

lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k euhvkMZj }kjk
O;oLFkkidh; irs ij HkstAsa

11 vDVwcj] 2011] dks v;ks/;k ls
vkjEHk gqbZ lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk ;k=k
490 fdyksehVj dh nwjh r; djrs gq,]
QStkckn] y[kuÅ] lhrkiqj] “kkgtgkaiqj]
eqjknkckn gksrs gq,] 15 vDVwcj dks
fnYyh igqp
a hA ;k=k dk usr`Ro v;ks/;k
ds lqizfl) egar vkpk;Z ;qxy fd”kksj
“kj.k “kkL=h us fd;k] ftUgksuas s fiNys
o’kZ Hkh ,d blh rjg dh ;k=k v;ks/;k
ls lsokxzke] o/kkZ] rd vk;ksftr dh FkhA
v;ks/;k ls fnYyh ;k=k esa ns”k fd
fofHkUu bykdksa ls vk, dksbZ chl yksx
“kkfey FksA fnYyh igqapus ij ;kf=;ksa us
jkt?kkV tkdj egkRek xka/kh dh lekf/k
ij J)katfy vfiZr djrs gq, ns”k esa
“kkafr ,oa ln~Hkkouk cuk, j[kus gsrq
izkFkZuk dhA rnksijkar iM+ksl esa gh fLFkr
xka/kh Le`fr ,oa n”kZu lfefr esa ,d
ln~Hkkouk lHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k
ftlesa ;kf=;ksa ,oa fof”k’V vfFkfr;ksa us
;k=k ds lanHkZ esa vius fopkj j[ksA
oDrkvksa esa izeq[k :i ls vlxj vyh
bathfu;j] yfyr dqekj] guhQ “kkL=h]
tQ#y bLyke [kku] etgj gqlSu]
ljkst [kku pkS/kjh] nhid flag o
eqgEEn vQty “kkfey FksA bu lHkh us
ns”k dh mUufr ds fy, ns”k esa izse]

bl ;k=k dk eq[; mn~ns”; lk>h fojklr dk izpkj djuk Fkk] tks v;ks/;k
dh lkaLd`frd fo”ks’krk gSA v;ks/;k ikap /keksZa & fgUnw] bLyke] ckS)] tSu o
fl[k & dh ifo= LFkyh gSA vusd iSxEcjksa o lwQh larksa dh dcz ;gka gksus ls
v;ks/;k dks [kqnZ eDdk ds uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gSA bl ;k=k esa ln~Hkkouk]
“kkafr] HkkbZpkjs o isze dk lans”k nsus ds lkFk & lkFk lkEiznkf;drk] Qklhokn
o NwvkNwr dks [kRe djus dk Hkh vkg~oku fd;k x;kA
lkSgknZ o lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkkouk dk
ekgkSy cuk, j[kus ij tksj fn;kA
blds ckn ,d izsl okrkZ gqbZ vkSj “kke
dks ;kf=;ksa ds lEeku esa gtjr
futkeqn~nhu vkSfy;k dh njxkg ij
lwQh dOokyh dk vk;kstu gqvkA
v;ks/;k ls gtjr futkeqn~nhu vkSfy;k
dh njxkg rd fudkyh xbZ bl rjg
dh pkSFkh ln~Hkkouk ;k=k dk vkSipkfjd
lekiu 17 vDVwcj] 2011] dks xka/kh
“kkafr izfr’Bku esa dkSeh ,drk o
HkkbZpkjk ij ,d xks’Bh ds lkFk gqvkA
bl xks’Bh esa izeq[k :i ls vlxj vyh
bathfu;j o ;qxy fd”kksj “kkL=h us
vius fopkj j[ksA feYyh xtV ds
lEiknd o ;k=k ds vk;kstdksa esa ls
,d tQ#y bLyke [kku us jk; j[kh
fd bl ;k=k dk eq[; mn~ns”; yksxksa
dks tksM+uk Fkk tcfd blh le; ,d
vU; ;k=k jktuhfrd ykHk dh n`f’V ls
ns”k esa fudkyh tk jgh Fkh tks
lkEiznkf;d ruko o vyxkookn ds
cht cksus dk dke djsxhA ;qxy fd”kksj
“kkL=h us crk;k fd v;ks/;k ls lk>h
fojklr dk lans”k ysdj fudys gaS
ftldk rkRi;Z gS fd ns”k dh laLd`fr
reke /keksZa dk la;ksx gSA mUgksaus crk;k
fd v;ks/;k ftruh fgUnqvksa dh gS mruh
4 | lPph eqPph

gh eqlyekuksa] ckS)ksa] tSuksa o fl[kksa dh]
ftl otg ls ;gka dHkh lkEiznkf;d
naxs ugha gq,A ;gka tks Hkh fgalk dh
?kVuk,a gqbZa mlds fy, ckgj ls vk,
yksx gh ftEesnkj gSa ftUgksaus vius
jktuhfrd ykHk ds fy, v;ks/;k dh
“kkafr Hkax dh FkhA tekrs bLykeh ds
jk’Vªh; lfpo eqgEen vgen us dgk
fd dqN rkdrs bl ns”k o mlds yksxksa
dks ckaVuk pkgrh gSaA ;s rkdrsa naxs dh
jktuhfr dj ;g lans”k nsuk pkgrh gSa
fd ;fn “kkafr ls jguk pkgrs gks rks gesa
oksV nksA
t;iqj fLFkr ls.Vj QkWj g~;weu
jkbV~l o lks”ky osyQs;j dh v/;{kk
ljkst [kku pkS/kjh us dgk fd vtesj o
t;iqj esa gq, foLQksV vkSj xksikyx<+ esa
gqbZ xksyhckjh bl ckr dk ladsr gS fd
ns”k esa “kkafr o ln~Hkkouk dh fLFkfr
fdruh laons u”khy gSA
vlxj vyh bathfu;j us [kqys
laokn dh vko”;drk ij cy fn;k
rkfd lHkh eqn~ns lcdh le> esa vk
ldsa vkSj LoLFk ppkZ gks ldsA mUgksaus
dgk fd dqN yksx ;g ekurs gSa fd /keZ
gh lc Qlknksa dh tM+ gS fdUrq
bfrgkl bl ckr dk xokg gS fd ;g

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

^^fey&tqydj eqgCcr ds rjkus xk;sa]
fd >wedj efUnj] efLtn xys fey tk;sa**
ckr lgh ugha gSA mUgksaus chloha lnh
ds nks fo”o ;q)ksa dk mnkgj.k fn;k
ftuesa yk[kksa yksxksa dh tkusa xbZaA ;s
;q) /keZ ds uke ij ugha cfYd jk’Vªokn
o vkSifuosf”kd ywV dk eky ckaVus ds
ykyp dh Hkkouk ls yM+s x, FksA
mUgksaus dgk fd ;q) vke yksxksa dk
“kks’k.k djus ds fy, yM+s tkrs gSa ftlesa
Qk;nk rks dqN yksxksa dk gksrk gS lcdk
ughaA mUgksaus dgk fd bLyke esa “kkafr
dk lans”k fn;k x;k gSA cfYd bLyke
dk vFkZ gh “kkafr gSA vYykg dk vFkZ
Hkh “kkafr gh gksrk gSA muds vuqlkj tks
yksx v;ks/;k esa jke eafnj fuekZ.k gsrq
vkanksyu pyk jgs gSa mudk vlyh
edln v;ks/;k esa jke eafnj cukuk ugha
gS D;ksafd ogka rks igys ls gh 17 jke
eafnj gSaA
bl ;k=k dk eq[; mn~ns”;
lk>h fojklr dk izpkj djuk Fkk] tks
v;ks/;k dh lkaLd`frd fo”ks’krk gSA
v;ks/;k ikap /keksZa & fgUnw] bLyke] ckS)]
tSu o fl[k & dh ifo= LFkyh gSA
vusd iSxEcjksa o lwQh larksa dh dcz
;gka gksus ls v;ks/;k dks [kqnZ eDdk ds
uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gSA bl ;k=k esa
ln~Hkkouk] “kkafr] HkkbZpkjs o isze dk
lans”k nsus ds lkFk&lkFk lkEiznkf;drk]
Qklhokn o NwvkNwr dks [kRe djus dk
Hkh vkg~oku fd;k x;kA
5 | lPph eqPph

fey&tqydj eqgCcr ds rjkus xk;s]a
fd >wedj efUnj]efLtn xys fey tk;sa
tkfr u gksfg tho dS HkkbZ]
tkfr Hksn gS eqj[k rkbZ & jSnkl
;g ;k=k lekt esa O;kIr lHkh
rjg ds foHksn eq[;r% lkekftd]
dV~Vj] /kkfeZd] lkEiznkf;d] tkrh;]
NqvkNwr] Å¡p&uhp dks feVkus] ln~Hkko]
HkkbZpkjk vkSj lerk dks dk;e djus ds
mís'; dks ysdj v;ks/;k ls 'kq: dh
x;h FkhA
v;ks/;k ls gh D;ksa\ v;ks/;k
tgk¡ ;q) u gks] vo/k&tgk¡ o/k u gks
dh xkSjo'kkyh ijEijk dk izrhd] tgk¡
lHkh /keks±] lEiznk;ks]a tkfr;ksa ds
vius&vius vkLFkk dsUnz gks] tks
ln~Hkko] izse] HkkbZpkjk dh vn~Hkqr
felky dk;e j[krs gks]a v;ks/;k tgk¡
ßlc uj djgha ijlj izhrhÞ dk mn~?kks"k
gks] dks b/kj dqN o"kks± esa dqN mUeknh
rkdrksa us /keZ dks gFkd.Ms ds :i esa
bLrseky dj v;ks/;k dks ;q)LFkyh]
mUekn Qlkn dh mn~xe LFkyh cuk
fn;k vkSj iwjs ns'k esa lkEiznkf;d mUekn
dh HkV~Bh esa vkx yxkus ds fy;s fpaxkjh
dk dke fd;kA ns'kHkj ds ln~Hkko izseh
yksxksa ds lkFk v;ks/;k dh ,d vkokt
fudyh gS tks ln~Hkko ds izrhd] dchj]
ukud] jSnkl] ehjkckbZ] lwjnkl]
rqylhnkl] tk;lh] iYVwnkl] Lokeh

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

Hkxorkpk;Z] gtjr futkeqíhu vkfn ds
fopkjksa o lans'kksa dks ysdj nqfu;k dks
eqgCcr dk iSxke nsus okys futkeqíhu
vkSfy;k njxkg] fnYyh rd x;hA
11 vDVwcj gh D;ksa\ 11 vDVwcj
dks yksduk;d t; izdk'k ukjk;.k dh
t;Urh gSA mUgksaus lkEiznkf;drk ,oa
vkfFkZd xSj cjkcjh dks [kRe djus gsrq
vkUnksyu pyk;kA /keZ] etgc vkSj
tkfr ds uke ij xSj cjkcjh ds fo:)
gh mudk vkUnksyu FkkA
lkEiznkf;drk ,oa NqvkNwr
mUewyu% Hkkjr ,d cgq/kehZ] cgqlEiznk;
,oa cgqtkrh; yksxksa dk ns'k gSA ;gk¡ ij
fgUnw] fl[k] bLyke] ckS)] tSu rFkk
bZlkbZ vkfn /keks± dks ekuus okys yksx
lfn;ksa ls lkFk&lkFk jgrs vk;sa gSaA
vusdrk esa ,drk rFkk 'kkfUriw.kZ lg
vfLrRo Hkkjrh; lekt dh fof'k"Vrk
jgh gSA blhfy;s Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ,d
fefJr laLd`fr ds :i esa tkuh tkrh
gSA ,d vksj tgk¡ fgUnw /keZ ßolq/kSo
dqVqEcdeÞ dk lans'k nsrk gS ogha nwljh
vksj ckS) /keZ ßcgqtu fgrk;] cgqtu
lq[kk;Þ dk vkn'kZ izLrqr djrk gSA ,d
vksj tgk¡ fl[k /keZ ßloZ= dk HkykÞ dk
vkàku djrk gS rks nwljh vksj bLyke
ßelkorÞ dk iSxke nsrk gSA ,d vksj
tgk¡ tSu /keZ ßvfgalk ijeks/keZÞ dk
vkn'kZ izLrqr djrk gS rks nwljh vkSj
bZlkbZ /keZ ßekuo lsokÞ dk iSxke nsrk
gSA le;&le; ij iSnk gq;s fofHkUu /keZ
xq:vksa vkSj lUrksa us loZ/keZ lEHkko vkSj
ekuo izse dk lans'k fn;k gS tks fd
ekuoek= ,oa txr ds dY;k.k ds fy;s
6 | lPph eqPph

lnSo mi;ksxh gSA
gekjs ns'k esa fiNys dqN le;
ls dqN /kkfeZd leqnk; lkEiznkf;d
Hkkoukvksa dks HkM+dk dj jktuhfrd ykHk
ysus ds iz;kl djrs vk jgs gSa ftlls
lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko fcxM+k gS rFkk
'kkfUriw.kZ lg&vfLrRo ds fy;s [krjk
iSnk gqvk gSA blls vkUrfjd v'kkfUr
mRiUu gksrh gS vkSj ljdkj rFkk turk
dk ns'k dh cqfu;knh leL;kvksa tSls
xjhch] vf'k{kk] csjkstxkjh vkfn ls /;ku
caV tkrk gSA
vr% bl ckr dh vko';drk gS fd
,slh foHkktudkjh rkdrksa ds fojks/k esa
lHkh /keZfujis{k rkdrsa ,dtqV gksdj
lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko dks etcwr djsaA
gekjs lekt esa tkfr&Hksn ;k
NqvkNwr ,d fodV leL;k gSA ;|fi
ge yksxksa us dkuwuh rkSj ij tkfr&Hksn
vkSj NqvkNwr dk mUewyu dj fn;k gS
ijUrq O;ogkj esa ;g nksuksa leL;k,a
cjdjkj gSaA vkt Hkh gekjs ns'k esa tkfr
Hksn ds dkj.k nfyrksa ij vR;kpkj gksrs

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

jgrs gSaA blls Hkkjr dh iwjh nqfu;k esa
Nfo /kwfey gksrh gSA ;w-,u-vks- us Hkh
tkfr Hksn dks ekuokf/kdkjksa dk guu
ekuk gS rFkk Hkkjr ljdkj dks tkfrHksn
dk mUewyu djus ds fy;s lHkh dne
mBkus rFkk bl fn'kk esa fo'o ds usr`Ro
djus ds fy;s dgk gSA tkfr Hksn u
dsoy ekuokf/kdkjksa dk guu gS cfYd
lHkh /keks± ds ekuorkoknh fl)kUrksa ds
Hkh foijhr gSA vr% tkfrHksn rFkk
NqvkNwr mUewyu gsrq lwQh lUrks]a
Qdhjks]a egkRek xk¡/kh] Mk- vEcsMdj
izHk`fr egkiq:"kksa ds iz;Ruksa dk vuqlj.k
rFkk lafo/kku ,oa dkuwuksa ds vuq:i
dk;Zokgh ,oa lekt lq/kkj rFkk NqvkNqr
mUewyu jk"Vª fuekZ.k ds fy;s t:jh
ifjfLFkfr;k¡ gSaA
vkb;s ge lc feydj ,d ,sls
lekt dk fuekZ.k djus eas viuk
;ksxnku nsaAs ftlesa ekuo ,drk gks]

leRo gks] bUlkfu;r gks ,oa vU; lHkh
ekuoh; ewY;ksa ls ;qDr lksp gksA blds
fy;s gesa lekt esa tkx:drk iSnk
djus dh t:jr gSA ;g dk;Z jk"Vªh;
,dhdj.k dh fn'kk esa egRoiw.kZ igy
gksxkA

& ;qxy fd'kksj 'kj.k 'kkL=h
la;kstd&v;ks/;k dh vkokt

tkfr Hksn u dsoy ekuokf/kdkjksa dk guu gS cfYd lHkh /keks±
ds ekuorkoknh fl)kUrksa ds Hkh foijhr gSA vr% tkfrHksn rFkk
NqvkNwr mUewyu gsrq lwQh lUrksa] Qdhjksa] egkRek xk¡/kh] MkvEcsMdj izHk`fr egkiq:"kksa ds iz;Ruksa dk vuqlj.k rFkk lafo/kku
,oa dkuwuksa ds vuq:i dk;Zokgh ,oa lekt lq/kkj rFkk NqvkNqr
mUewyu jk"Vª fuekZ.k ds fy;s t:jh ifjfLFkfr;k¡ gSaA

7 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

vU; /kkfeZd LFkyksa ij yx
a j dh O;oLFkk D;ksa ugh\a
mRrj izns'k ds gjnksbZ ftys ds
vrjkSyh&Hkjkou {ks= ds ykyiqj xkao esa
fLFkr vius vkJe ij bl ckj nhikoyh
ij eSa ikap fnuksa ds miokl ij FkkA 22
vDVwcj] 2011] dks 'kq: gqvk ;g
miokl nhikoyh dh vxyh lqcg] 27
vDVwcj] dks rksM+kA eqn~nk Fkk xjhchA
gekjh ekaxsa Fkha%&
¼1½ ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk 'kgj esa 32
#- izfr fnu izfr O;fDr [kpZ o xkao
esa 26 #- izfr fnu izfr O;fDr [kpZ
dks xjhc u ekuus ds ekud dks
okil fy;k tk,]
¼2½ xjhch js[kk ds uhps thou ;kiu
djus okyksa dh lwfp;ksa dk fu/kkZj.k
xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ lHkkvksa }kjk
fd;k tk,]
¼3½ lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh dk
ykHk lHkh dks feys tSls jk"Vªh;
xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh ;kstuk dk
ykHk dksbZ Hkh xjhc izkIr dj ldrk
gS]
¼4½ lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh esa
vukt ds cnys udn nsus dh ;kstu
okil yh tk,]
¼5½ jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh
vf/kfu;e esa U;wure etnwjh 250 #izfr fnu dh tk, tks gjsd ewY;
o`f) o ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa ds osru
o`f) ds lkFk la'kksf/kr gks rFkk d`f"k
dh lkjh etnwjh jkstxkj xkj.Vh
;kstuk ls nh tk,]
¼6½ f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e esa

pwafd 32 #- ;k 26 #- esa fdlh
ds fy, nhikoyh eukuk laHko ugha gS
blfy, geus bl ckj dkyh nhikoyh
eukus dk vkg~oku fd;k FkkA ykyiqj
xkao esa lkB ?kj gSaA lHkh xjhcA pkyhl
vuqlwfpr tkfr ds gSa rks chl fiNM+s
oxZ dsA ,d ?kj dks NksM+ nhikoyh ij
fdlh ?kj us fn;k ugha tyk;kA cPpksa
us tks xtc dk la;e fn[kk;k] ftldh
eq>s mEehn gh ugha FkhA xkao ds ,d
ckgj ds cPps dks NksM+] ftls vU; cPpksa
us jksd fn;k] fdlh cPps us ,d iVk[kk
rd ugha pyk;kA ,slk yx jgk Fkk fd
vU; fnuksa tSlk gh dksbZ lkekU; fnu
gSA xkao esa oSls Hkh fctyh ugha vkrhA
nhikoyh dh jkr Hkh ;g xkao va/kdkj esa
Mwck jgkA
iwjs {ks= ls Hkh cgqr de iVk[kksa ds
pyus dh vkoktsa vkbZaA nwljs fnu lqcg
viuk miokl [kRe dj eSa ?kj&?kj tk
dj feyk o yksxksa dks /kU;okn fn;kA
bl ckr ls Hkh yksx lger Fks fd
fQtwy[kphZ ls cpsA

leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dks 'kkfey fd;k tk,A
8 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

tc eSa miokl ij cSBk Fkk rks
{ks=h; turk ds dbZ vU; lq>ko Hkh
vk,A ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ds d`f"k ij
dqizHkko ls lHkh fpafrr gSaA m|ksx o
lsok {ks= dh rqyuk esa d`f"k dks cgqr
de egRo fn;k tk jgk gSA cfYd dbZ
yksxksa dks yxus yxk gS fd d`f"k dh
dher ij m|ksx o lsok {ks= dks c<+kok
fn;k tk jgk gSA [kkn dh dhersa cgqr
c<+ xbZ gSaA Mhty dh dher dks [kqys
cktkj ij NksM+ fn;k x;k gSA fdlku
pkgrk gS fd [kkn o Mhty] ;k de ls
de d`f"k ds mi;ksx esa vkus okys
Mhty] esa ewY; o`f) okil yh tk,A
lkaln o fo/kk;d fuf/k can
fd, tkus dh ekax tksj idM+rh tk jgh
gSA ;fn lkaln fuf/k o fo/kk;d fuf/k
dk ykyp [kRe gks tk, rks lEHko gS

fd dqN ,sls usrk tks jktuhfr dks is'kk
eku dj vk, gSa eSnku ls ckgj gksAa tc
rd jktuhfr dks turk dh lsok dk
dke ugha ekuk tk,xk tc rd
jktuhfr ls Hkz"Vkpkj lekIr djuk
ukeqefdu gSA oSls Hkh fodkl ;kstukvksa
ds fdz;kUo;u dk dke dk;Zikfydk dk
gS u fd fo/kkf;dk dkA yksx loky
iwNrs gSa fd tc uhrh'k dqekj fcgkj esa
fo/kk;d fuf/k can dj ldrs gSa rks ;g
dke ckdh txg D;ksa ugha gks ldrk\
2005 esa ge yksxksa us Hkkjr ls
ikfdLrku dh ,d in;k=k dh ;kstuk
cukbZ Fkh ftlesa Hkkjrh; fgLlk] fnYyh
ls ok?kk lhek] py dj gh 25 fnuksa esa
iwjk fd;k FkkA xq#}kjksa dh O;oLFkk ns[k
eSa cM+k izHkkfor gqvkA iatkc esa dgha
dksbZ #dus o Hkkstu dh leL;k gh
ughaA dgha Hkh xq#}kjs esa pys tkb,A
fcuk vkidk tkfr&/keZ iwNs vkidk
Lokxr gksxkA yaxj feysxkA xq# ukud
us tc bl O;oLFkk ds ckjs esa lkspk
gksxk rks 'kk;n mldk dkj.k ;gh jgk
gksxk fd Hkw[ks yksxksa dks [kkuk fey tk,
o lkFk&lkFk [kkus esa fgUnw /keZ ds tkfr
tdM+u ls NwVx
sa As izlkn ds :i esa tks

lkaln o fo/kk;d fuf/k can fd, tkus dh ekax tksj idM+rh
tk jgh gSA ;fn lkaln fuf/k o fo/kk;d fuf/k dk ykyp
[kRe gks tk, rks lEHko gS fd dqN ,sls usrk tks jktuhfr
dks is'kk eku dj vk, gSa eSnku ls ckgj gksAa tc rd
jktuhfr dks turk dh lsok dk dke ugha ekuk tk,xk tc
rd jktuhfr ls Hkz"Vkpkj lekIr djuk ukeqefdu gSA
9 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

D;k ;g lEHko ugha fd xq#}kjksa
tSlh O;oLFkk vU; /kkfeZd LFkyksa ls Hkh
lapkfyr gks\ eafnj] efLtn] fxjtk?kjksa
ls lkeqnkf;d lg;ksx ls yaxj ds
dk;Zdze D;ksa ugha py ldrs\ eafnj ds
ckgj ftu fHk[kkfj;ksa dks Hkkstu Hkh[k
dh rjg fn;k tkrk gS D;k ogha Hkkstu
mUgsa lEeku ds lkFk cSBk dj nsus dh
O;oLFkk eafnj ds vanj ugha gks ldrh\
Hkkstu xq#}kjksa esa feyrk gS mldh
xq.koRrk ?kj ds [kkus ds leku gksrh gSA
J)kyq lsok Hkkouk ls idkrs&ijkslrs
gSaA izlkn ikus okys dks iwjs lEeku ls
ijkslk tkrk gSA
ljdkj ds [kk|Uu dk;Zdzeksa &
lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh] e/;kag Hkkstu
o vkaxuokM+h & dks ns[ksa rks dkQh
dksf'k'kksa ds ckotwn budh xq.koRrk ,d
gn ls T;knk lq/kkj ikuk eqf'dy gksrk
gSA ;s ljdkj ds vU; dk;Zdzeksa dh
rjg cqjh rjg Hkz"Vkpkj dk f'kdkj gks
x, gSa vkSj buds fy, dksbZ xq.koRrk dh
ftEesnkjh ysus dks rS;kj ugha gSA ;s eku
fy;k x;k gS fd ljdkj dk iSlk gS rks
nq#i;ksx rks gksuk gh gSA

ykyiqj ds vk'kk vkJe {ks= ds
nks eafnjksa & taxyh f'ko o 'khryk nsoh
& ij esjs miokl ds ckn nks lfefr;ka
cu xbZa gSa ftUgksaus ftEesnkjh yh gS fd
os vius eafnj ij Hk.Mkjk pyk,axhA
,slk iz;kl vU; /kkfeZd LFkyksa ij Hkh
fd;k tk,xkA

& MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

D;k ;g lEHko ugha fd xq#}kjksa tSlh O;oLFkk vU; /kkfeZd
LFkyksa ls Hkh lapkfyr gks\ eafnj] efLtn] fxjtk?kjksa ls
lkeqnkf;d lg;ksx ls yaxj ds dk;Zdze D;ksa ugha py
ldrs\ eafnj ds ckgj ftu fHk[kkfj;ksa dks Hkkstu Hkh[k dh
rjg fn;k tkrk gS D;k ogha Hkkstu mUgsa lEeku ds lkFk cSBk
dj nsus dh O;oLFkk eafnj ds vanj ugha gks ldrh\
10 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

fdlkuksa ds eqga ij it
aw hokn dk rekpk gS

^QkeZwyk ou dkj jSyh*

lks'kfyLV ikVhZ
us vkt egkRek xka/kh
dh lek/h jkt?kkV ij
xzsVj
uks,Mk
esa
vk;ksftr gq;h QkewZyk
ou dkj jSyh ds fojks/k
esa /kjuk fn;k FkkA
ikVhZ dk ekuuk gS fd
nqfu;k ds esgurd'kksa
dh dekbZ ds djksM+ksa MkWyj ds
[kjps ls gksus okyh ;g dkj jSyh
viuh tehuksa ds vf/kxzg.k ds
f[kykQ la?k"kZ djus okys uks,Mk
vkSj ns'k ds fdlkuksa ds eqag ij
vieku dk rekpk gSA
dkj jSyh mu yk[kksa
fdlkuksa dh yk'kksa ij ekSt eukuk
gS tks uomnkjoknh uhfr;ksa ds
ifj.kkeLo:i fiNys Ms<+ n'kd esa
vkRegR;k dj pqds gSaA jSyh ds
vk;kstu ls Hkkjr fodkl'khy ls
fodflr ns'k cu x;k gS] fo'o ds
uD'ks ij vk x;k gS] dkWeuoSYFk
[ksyksa esa gq, Hkz"Vkpkj dk iki /kqy
x;k gS & tSls nkos vk;kstdksa dh
vlaons u'khyrk vkSj le> dh
lhek dks n'kkZrs gSaA

11 | lPph eqPph

vk;kstdksa dk Hkkjr esa QkewZyk ou
dkj jSyh djkus dk bjknk nks
n'kd igys gh cu x;k FkkA igys
dydÙkk]
gSnjkckn]
fnYyh]
caxyw:] pSUubZ esa dksf'k'k djus ds
ckn jSyh ds vk;kstdksa dks mÙkj
çns'k esa vuqefr vkSj lqfo/kk feyhA
blls lkQ gS fd nfyrksa
vkSj muds elhgk MkW- vacM
s dj ds
uke ij jktuSfrd gSfl;r vftZr
djus okyh mÙkj çns'k dh
eq[;ea=h ek;korh ckdh eq[;/kkjk
ikfVZ;ksa vkSj usrkvksa ds leku iwjh
rjg ls iwt
a hokn ds lkFk gSaA Hkze
QSyk;k tk jgk gS fd 400
fefy;u MkWyj ds bl [ksy esa
ljdkj dh Hkkxhnkjh ugha gSA oSls
rks ;g fdlh Hkh ljdkj ds fy,

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

'keZukd gS] ysfdu jSyh ds
çk;kstd tsih dkjiksjsV ?kjkus dk
dsaæ vkSj ;wih ljdkj ls ;kjkuk
fNik ugha gSA ^lqfo/kk 'kqYd*
fdruk fy;k x;k gS vkSj tsih
lfgr dkjiksjsV ?kjkuksa dks ywV dh
fdruh NwV nh xbZ gS] bldk
[kqyklk Hkh dkWeuoSYFk [ksyksa dh
rjg dHkh u dHkh gks tk,xkA
lks'kfyLV ikVhZ dh jSyh
dks jksdus dh rkdr ugha gSA
ysfdu jkt?kkV ls mldk
uomnkjoknh uhfr;ksa ls cngky
turk dks lans'k gS fd ljdkjks]a
dkjiksjsV ?kjkuksa vkSj rFkkdfFkr
flfoy lkslk;Vh dk tu&fojks/h
xBtksM+ xka/kh dk uke ysdj ns'k
esa iwt
a hoknh & miHkksDrkoknh
fopkj/kkjk vkSj O;oLFkk dks etcwr
cuk jgk gSA
;g xka/kh dk vieku gSA
iwt
a hokn dks iwjh rjg viuk pqds
Hkkjr ds 'kkld oxZ dks xka/kh dk

uke ysus dk ik[kaM can djuk
pkfg,A
;g iwt
a hokn dh fot; dk
çek.k gS fd bl vk;kstu dk ,d
Hkh jktuhfrd ikVhZ vkSj flfoy
lkslk;Vh laxBu ;k ,fDVfoLV us
fojks/k ugha fd;k gSA
/kjus esa ikVhZ ds egklfpo
MkW- çse flag] fnYyh bdkbZ dh
la;kstd js.kq xaHkhj] tfLVl jktsaæ
lPpj] lektoknh usrk MkWjktdqekj
tSu]
jkexksiky
fllksfn;k] jfoaæ feJk] MkW- ekSgEen
;quql] MkW- gseyrk] MkW- v'ouh
dqekj] ';ke xaHkhj] dsnkjukFk] uRFkw
flag] MwVk mikè;{k MkW- gjh'k
[kUuk] lektoknh f'k{kd eap ds
lfpo MkW- fcØe flag] xka/kh 'kkafr
çfr"Bku ds lfpo lqjæsa dqekj vkSj
lks'kfyLV ;qotu lHkk ¼,lokbZ,l½
ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us fgLlk fy;kA

& MkW- çse flag
Ekgklfpo] lks”kfyLV ikVhZ

nqfu;k ds esgurd'kksa dh dekbZ ds djksM+ksa MkWyj ds
[kjps ls gksus okyh ;g dkj jSyh viuh tehuksa ds
vf/kxzg.k ds f[kykQ la?k"kZ djus okys uks,Mk vkSj ns'k
ds fdlkuksa ds eqga ij vieku dk rekpk gS

12 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

Hkew .Myhdj.k ds nkSj esa
xkoa ksa ds vfLrRo ij loky

& “kguokt+ vkye }kjk MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms; dk lk{kkRdkj &

“kguokt+% D;k ns”k dks xkaoksa dh
t:jr gS\
lanhi% fcuk xkaoksa ds vukt dgka
ls vk,xk vkSj yksx [kk,axs D;k\
vukt dks QSDVªh esa rks iSnk fd;k
tk ugha ldrkA Hkkjr tSls ns”k esa
u flQZ cgqla[;d vkcknh d`f’k ls
tqM+h gqbZ gS cfYd og mlh ij
ftank gS] d`f’k {ks= dk egRo de
djds ugha vkadk tk ldrkA
eueksgu flag o eksVa sd flag tSls
if”peh lksp ds vFkZ”kkL=h tks
,slk ekurs gSa fd yksxksa dks d`f’k
{ks= NksM+ dj m|ksx vFkok lsok
{ks= esa tkuk pkfg, Hkkjr dh
gdhdr ls ifjfpr ugha gSa o
viuh vkfFkSd uhfr;ksa ls ns”k dh
cgqla[;d turk ds fy, ladV
[kM+k dj pqds gSaA

13 | lPph eqPph

“kguokt+% Hkwe.Myhd`r Hkkjr dk
xkao dSlk gksxk\
lanhi% Hkwe.Myhd`r xkao ,d
x.kjkT; gksxkA og Lok;Rr bdkbZ
gksxh tks vius QSlys [kqn ysxhA
xkao dh tehu dsUnz ;k jkT;
ljdkjsa Hkw&vf/kxzg.k dkuwu ds
rgr vf/kxzfgr ugha dj ik,axhA
xkao vius fy, LokoyEch
vFkZO;oLFkk [kM+h djsxk tgka nwljs
xkaoksa ;k “kgj ds O;kifj;ksa ls
O;kikj og cjkcjh dh “krksZa ij
djsxkA

tgka&tgka Hkw&vf/kxzg.k
gks jgk gS vFkok
izkd`frd lalk/kuksa dks
ljdkjsa ;k futh
dEifu;ksa gM+iuk pkg
jgh gSa yksx te dj
la?k’kZ dj jgs gSaA xkaoksa
ds thoar gksus dk blls
T;knk lcwr D;k gks
ldrk gS\

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

“kguokt+% dsUnzhd`r fodkl esa xkaoksa
dh e`R;q vfuok;Z ugha gS\
lanhi% dsUnzhd`r fodkl ds ekWMy
esa xkaoksa dks vkSj xjhc cukrs gq,
varr% muds vfLrRo dk ladV
[kM+k gksxk ghA

yksx gj rjQ ekspkZ ij MVs gq,
gSaA ogha gekjh mEehn Hkh gSa D;ksafd
“kgj okyksa us rks Hkwe.Myhdj.k ds
lkeus lei.kZ dj fn;k gS D;ksa
lcls T;knk bu uhfr;ksa dk ykHk
mUgsa gh fey jgk gSA

“kguokt+% D;k xkao dks cpkus dk
LoIu dgha “ks’k gS\
lanhi% tgka&tgka Hkw&vf/kxzg.k gks
jgk gS vFkok izkd`frd lalk/kuksa dks
ljdkjsa ;k futh dEifu;ksa gM+iuk
pkg jgh gSa yksx te dj la?k’kZ
dj jgs gSaA xkaoksa ds thoar gksus dk
blls T;knk lcwr D;k gks ldrk
gS\ pkgs ikWLdks LVhy dkj[kkus ds
f[kykQ gks ;k dfyaxuxj esa VkVk
ds LVhy dkj[kkus ds f[kykQ]
>kj[k.M esa feRry ds LVhy
dkj[kkus ds f[kykQ] tSrkiqj esa
ukfHkdh; fo|qr la;=
a ds f[kykQ]

“kguokt+% vkidh utjksa dk xkao
dSlk gS\
lanhi% tgka xSj&cjkcjh u gksA
d`f’k Hkwfe dk ekfydkuk gd
lkewfgd gksA vPNh xq.koRrk okyk
fo|ky; gks] izkFkfed LokLF; dh
csgrj O;oLFkk gksA mRiknu ls ;k
ljdkj gh dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa
ls lHkh ifjokjksa dh ekSfyd
vko”;drk,a lEekutud <ax ls
iwjh gksaA
& “kguokt+ vkye

fcuk xkaoksa ds vukt dgka ls vk,xk vkSj yksx
[kk,axs D;k\ vukt dks QSDVªh esa rks iSnk fd;k
tk ugha ldrkA Hkkjr tSls ns”k esa u flQZ
cgqla[;d vkcknh d`f’k ls tqM+h gqbZ gS cfYd
og mlh ij ftank gS] d`f’k {ks= dk egRo de
djds ugha vkadk tk ldrkA
14 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

fVgjh o dksVs'oj ck/a k dh >hy ij
foLFkkfirksa dk gks igyk gd
fVgjh o dksVs'oj cka/k dh
>hy lac/kh ykbZll
sa tkjh djus ds
fy;s fVgjh ftyk iapk;r us
dk;Zokgh 'kq# dh gSA vk'p;Z dh
ckr gS fd vktrd fVgjh cka/k
foLFkkfirksa dk iquokZl ugh gks
ik;k gSA ekuuh; loksZPp U;k;ky;
esa py jgs ,u0 Mh0 t;ky o
'ks[kj flag cuke Hkkjr ljdkj o
vU; dsl es nk;j mÙkjk[kaM
ljdkj ds 'kiFk i=ksa ls Hkh ;g
Li"V gksrk gSA fdUrq fVgjh o
dksVs'oj cka/kksa dh >hyksa esa i;ZVu
dh cM+h ;kstukvksa dks vkaef=r
fd;k tk jgk gSA
bu i;ZVu ifj;kstukvksa ls
vke foLFkkfir dk vkSj unh ikj
ds yksx ftuds fy;s ftyk
eq[;ky; ls 10 ysdj 70&80
fdyksehVj nwj gks x;k gS dqN
[kkl Hkyk ugh gksus okyk gSA
nhxj ckr ;g gS fd i;kZoj.k dh
„f"V ls fcYdqy Hkh lgh ugh gSA
i;ZVu ds fgek;rh ge Hkh gS fdUrq
i;ZVu gks rks yksd vk/kkfjr ,ao
bl {ks= esa i;ZVu iwjh rjg ls
foLFkkfirksa ds gh ykHk esa gksA ^gkse

LVs* tSlh i)fr okyh vkokl &
Hkkstu O;oLFkk gksA eNyh idM+uk]
ukSdk;u] eksVjcksV lapkyu] jksios
lapkyu] jkf¶Vax] tyk'k; esa
tyØhM+k laca/kh lHkh dkeksa esa
fVgjh cka/k foLFkkfirksa dks gd
feysA geus blh vk'k; dk i=
Jheku jru flag xqulksyk] v/;{k]
ftyk iapk;r] fVgjh x<+oky] o
Jheku 'kwjohj flag eVwM+k] vij
eq[; vf/kdkjh fVgjh x<+oky]
mÙkjk[kaM dks Hkstk gSA
i= esa geus dqN fo"k;ksa dks
vko';d #i ls /;ku j[kus ds
fy;s crk;k gSA lkFk gh ;g loky
Hkh mBk;k gS fd fVgjh cka/k dh
>hy ij fdldk vf/kdkj gS\ vkSj
uksfVl ds lanHkZ esa vkifÙk;ak o
lq>ko fn;s gSA gekjk ekuuk gS fd
bl fo"k; ij iwjs ftys dh ,d
[kqyh cSBd cqykbZ tk;sA

& foeyHkkbZ] iwj.kflag jk.kk]
ukxsUæ txwM+h] txnh'k jkor]
j.kohj flag jk.kk
ekVw tulaxBu] gfj}kj] mÙkjk[kaM

fVgjh o dksVs'oj cka/k dh >hy lac/kh ykbZlsl
a tkjh djus ds fy;s
fVgjh ftyk iapk;r us dk;Zokgh 'kq# dh gSA vk'p;Z dh ckr gS
fd vktrd fVgjh cka/k foLFkkfirksa dk iquokZl ugh gks ik;k gSA
15 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

vkfFkZd ena h] fQj eph [kycyh
vejhdk dh ØSfMV jsfVax
D;k ?kVh] iwjh nqfu;k esa gypy
ep xbZA yxrk gS tSls ,d ckj
fQj vkfFkZd eanh iwjs fo'o dks
pisV esa ysus dh rS;kjh esa gSA
vkf[kj D;k vkSj D;ksa gqvk ,slk
vkSj Hkkjr ij bl dk D;k vlj
iM+sxk] bl ij ys[k esa ppkZ dh
x;h gSA
varjjk"Vªh; lk[k fu/kkZjd
laLFkk LVSaMMZ ,saM iqvlZ ;kuh
,l,sM
a ih us vejhdh ØSfMV dh
jsfVax ,,, ls ?kVk dj ,, Iyl
dj nhA crk;k tkrk gS fd 95
lkyksa esa ,slk igyh ckj gqvk gSA
bl [kcj us nqfu;k Hkj ds 'ks;j
cktkjksa dks fgyk dj j[k fn;kA
Hkkjrh; 'ks;j cktkj Hkh vkSa/ks eqag
fxjkA mldk lwpdkad vius 14
eghus ds lcls fupys Lrj ij
igqap x;kA
;gh gky nqfu;k ds vU;
'ks;j cktkjksa dk Hkh jgkA vlj
,slk gqvk fd egt ,d gh ?kaVs esa
dqN yksxksa dk fnokyk fiV x;kA
blh ds lkFk iwjh nqfu;k esa ,d
ckj fQj eanh gkoh gks xbZA 2007
dh eanh dk vlj ;g jgk fd
vejhdk esa xjhch dk izfr'kr c<+
x;k gS vkSj 2007 ls ysdj 2010
16 | lPph eqPph

rd ds vkadM+ksa esa mYys[kuh; QdZ
utj vkus yxk gSA crk;k tkrk gS
fd bldk vlj vkus okys lkyksa esa
vkSj Hkh fn[kkbZ nsxkA gky gh esa
vejhdk ds lsl
a sDl C;wjks dh vksj
ls tkjh vkadM+ksa esa crk;k x;k gS
fd 2010 esa xjhch dh izfr'kr esa
0&8 izfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ gS vkSj
;g 15&1 izfr'kr ij igqap xbZ gSA
2007 esa eanh dh 'kq#vkr esa ;g
izfr'kr 2&6 Fkh] tcfd 2009 esa
14&3 izfr'kr ij FkhA

nqfu;k Hkj esa vc rd ;g
vke /kkj.kk Fkh fd
vejhdh ljdkj dk
dks"kkxkj dkQh etcwr
gSA ;g [kRe u gksus okyk
dqcsj dk [ktkuk gSA
blhfy, bls dtZ nsus esa
dksbZ [krjk ugha gS]
ysfdu ,l,sM
a ih }kjk
gky gh esa dh x;h jsfVax
ls bl vke /kkj.kk dks
xgjk /kDdk yxk gSA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

xkSjryc gS fd 15&1 dk
vkadM+k jsfVax ls igys dk gSA pwafd
eanh dk nwljk nkSj py jgk gS]
blfy, tkfgj gS vHkh bl izfr'kr
esa vkSj o`f) gksxhA igyh utj esa
ns[kus esa ;gh yxrk gS fd bl
jsfVax esa dksbZ T;knk QdZ rks ugha
gS ysfdu tkudkjksa dk ekuuk gS
fd pwafd vejhdh vFkZO;oLFkk ij
fo'ocktkj fuHkZj djrk gS blfy,
jsfVax esa gYdh lh Hkh deh dk
vlj fn[kuk LokHkkfod gSA
bl jsfVax dk dqy feyk
dj vk'k; ;g gS fd vejhdk dks
dtZ nsus esa tksf[ke gSA nqfu;k Hkj
esa vc rd ;g vke /kkj.kk Fkh fd
vejhdh ljdkj dk dks"kkxkj
dkQh etcwr gSA ;g [kRe u gksus
okyk dqcjs dk [ktkuk gSA
blhfy, bls dtZ nsus esa dksbZ
[krjk ugha gS] ysfdu ,l,sM
a ih
}kjk gky gh esa dh x;h jsfVax ls
bl vke /kkj.kk dks xgjk /kDdk
yxk gSA ysgeSu CkznlZ lesr reke
fnXxt cSad 2008 esa vkfZFkZd eanh
ds nkSj ls xqtj pqds gSa] ftldk
vlj iwjh nqfu;k esa ns[kk x;kA
vHkh nqfu;k ml >Vds ls
iwjh rjg mcj Hkh ugha ik;h gS fd
,d ckj fQj ls eanh ds ckny
eaMjkus yxsA ,sls esa Hkfo"; dks
lqjf{kr dj ysus dh xjt ls
vejhdk ds jk"Vªifr cjkd vksckek
17 | lPph eqPph

us dtZ ysus dh lhek c<+kus dk
QSlyk fd;kA ;g ekeyk tc
vejhdh dkaXkzsl esa vuqeksnu ds
fy, vk;k rks cgqer u gksus ds
dkj.k vksckek ds izLrko dks gjh
>aMh ugha fey ldhA foi{kh
fjifCydu ikVhZ dks blds fy,
eukus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k ysfdu
og rS;kj ugha gqbZA bldks ysdj
fjifCydu ikVhZ vkSj MseksØsfVd
ikVhZ ds chp yach cgl pyhA dbZ
fnuksa dh e'kDdr ds ckn
vkf[kjdkj vksckek ljdkj dks
fjifCydu ikVhZ dks blds fy,
rS;kj djus esa lQyrk fey gh
x;hA
nqfu;k esa ;g lans'k x;k
fd vejhdh vFkZO;oLFkk ij Hkjkslk
ugha fd;k tk ldrk D;ksafd og
dêjiafFk;ksa vkSj fljfQjs usrkvksa ds
gkFk esa gSA blls igys vejhdk esa
fnuksfnu c<+rh tk jgh csjkstxkjh
ds en~nsutj jk"Vªifr cjkd
vksckek ij vkmVlksflZax dks can
djkus ds fy, ncko Mkyk x;kA
cjkd vksckek vejhdk esa
fuos'k ds fy, nwljs ns'kksa dks jkth
djus gsrq fofHkUu ns'kksa dk gky gh
esa nkSjk Hkh dj pqds gSaA blls ;g
vk'kadk vkSj iq[rk gks tkrh gS fd
nqfu;k dk lcls lEiUu ns'k
vejhdk vc daxkyh ds dxkj ij
gSA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

lk[k dh jsfVax dk QaMk
jsfVax ij ppkZ djus ls
igys ns[ksa fd LVSaMMZ ,saM iqvlZ
dSlh laLFkk gSA 1906 esa vejhdk
esa LVSaMMZ LVSfVfLVd C;wjks uke dh
,d laLFkk gqvk djrh Fkh tks
vFkZO;oLFkk ls lacaf/kr reke
lwpukvksa dks bdV~Bk fd;k djrh
FkhA og mu lwpukvksa dks iwjs lky
,d dkMZ ds :i esa izdkf'kr fd;k
djrh FkhA bldh LFkkiuk yqrj yh
Cysds us dh FkhA
ogha] 1860 esa gsujh oeZue
iqvlZ us vejhdk esa ,d vkSj
daiuh dh LFkkiuk dh Fkh tks
vejhdk dh vFkZO;oLFkk ij
lkykuk rkSj ij reke lwpukvksa dks
,d fdrkc ds :i esa izdkf'kr
fd;k djrh FkhA ckn esa gsujh
oeZue ds csVs gsujh fofy;e us bls
laHkkyk
vkSj
bldk
uke
,poh,saM,pMCyw iqvlZ daiuh j[kk]
ysfdu 1941 esa bu nksuksa daifu;ksa

dk foy; gqvk vkSj ;g LVSaMZm ,saM
iqvlZ cu x;h rFkk ;g foÙkh;
lsok daiuh ds :i esa tkuh tkus
yxhA
foÙkh; 'kks/k] nqfu;k Hkj ds
LVkd o ckUM dk fo'ys"k.k djus
ds lkFk ;g daiuh lkoZtfud vkSj
futh dkjiksjs'kuksa dh jsfVax djrh
gSA bldh jsfVax dks vejhdh
LVkd ,Dlpsat }kjk ekU;rk izkIr
gSA ØsfMV jsfVax ds fy, xszM
fu/kkZfjr gSaA ;s xszM ,,, ls ysdj
Mh rd gSaA gky gh esa LVSaMZm ,sM
a
iqvlZ us fofHkUu i{kksa dk fo'ys"k.k
djds vejhdh vFkZO;oLFkk dh
lk[k dh jsfVax dh gSA bldh
jsfVax ds vuqlkj] ekStwnk le; esa
vejhdk dh jsfVax ,,, ls fxjdj
,, Hkh ugha jgh] cfYd mlls Hkh
uhps ,, Iyl gks xbZ gSA
;kfu vejhdh vFkZO;oLFkk
dh ØfMV jsfVax loksZPp ,,, dh

vejhdh czkUM ds Xzkkgd ns'kksa] laLFkkvksa vkSj yksxksa dks Hkh
;g vk'kadk gksus yxh fd vxj vejhdk dk [ktkuk [kkyh gS
rks mudh jde dk Mwcuk r; gSA ogha vejhdk dks dtZ nsus
okyh laLFkkvksa dks Hkh dtZ dh jde dh okilh dks ysdj 'kadk
gksus yxh vkSj yxus yxk fd 2008 dh vkfFkZd eanh dk ftUu
,d ckj fQj ls cksry ls ckgj fudy vk;k gSA bldk vlj
fo'o dh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa ij ns[kus dks feyk vkSj fo'o ds reke
izeq[k 'ks;j cktkjksa esa Hkkjh mFkyiqFky ep x;hA
18 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

loksZPp jsfVax ls ,, Iyl ds rhljs
ik;nku ij igqap pqdh gSA
,l,sM
a ih us ;g Hkh dgk gS fd
;fn vkxs Hkh ;gh gky jgk rks og
vejhdh _.k lk[k dks vxys 12
ls 18 eghuksa esa vkSj ?kVk ldrh
gSA ;gh nqfu;k Hkj ds fuos'kdksa ds
fy, fpark dk fo"k; cu x;k gSA
LVSaMMZ ,sM
a iqvlZ dh jsfVax dk
vlj bruk tcjnLr jgk fd 'ks;j
fcdokyh dk nkSj 'kq: gks x;kA
vejhdh czkUM ds Xzkkgd
ns'kksa] laLFkkvksa vkSj yksxksa dks Hkh
;g vk'kadk gksus yxh fd vxj
vejhdk dk [ktkuk [kkyh gS rks
mudh jde dk Mwcuk r; gSA ogha
vejhdk dks dtZ nsus okyh
laLFkkvksa dks Hkh dtZ dh jde dh
okilh dks ysdj 'kadk gksus yxh
vkSj yxus yxk fd 2008 dh
vkfFkZd eanh dk ftUu ,d ckj
fQj ls cksry ls ckgj fudy
vk;k gSA bldk vlj fo'o dh
vFkZO;oLFkkvksa ij ns[kus dks feyk

vkSj fo'o ds reke izeq[k 'ks;j
cktkjksa esa Hkkjh mFkyiqFky ep
x;hA
fo'ks"kKksa dh utj esa
fo'ks"kKksa dk bl eqn~ns ij utfj;k
vyx&vyx gSA dqN dk ;g
ekuuk gS fd 2008 dh fLFkfr
blls fcYdqy vyx FkhA cfYd
nksuksa fLFkfr;ksa esa tehu vkSj
vkleku dk QdZ gSA dksydkrk ds
tkusekus vFkZ'kkL=h 'kScky dj dk
ekuuk gS fd ;g egt ,d
vk'kadk gS fd vejhdk ,d ckj
fQj vkfFkZd eanh dh pisV esa vk
ldrk gSA 2008 esa tks fLFkfr iSnk
gqbZ Fkh] vFkZ'kkL= dh Hkk"kk esa og
^lcizkbe Økbfll* dgykrh gSA
ml le; vejhdh cSad
vkSj foÙkh; laLFkkuksa us ,slh
daifu;ksa dks dtZ fn;k Fkk tks dtZ
dks pqdkus esa l{ke ugha Fkha vkSj
daifu;k¡ Mwc x;haA blhfy, dtZ
nsus okys cgqr lkjh laLFkkvksa dks

ekuk ;g Hkh tk jgk gS fd vxj ;g vk'kadk lp
lkfcr gqbZ rks vejhdk dks viuh ifj;kstuk ls ckgj tkdj
dbZ yk[k djksM+ MkWyj dtZ ysuk iM+ ldrk gSA vFkZ'kkL=h
vfHkthr jk; pS/kjh dgrs gSa fd dtZ ysus ls vejhdk ds
ljdkjh [ktkus ij vlj iM+sxkA ,sls esa dtZ pqdkus esa Hkh
vejhdk dks fnDdr is'k vk,xhA tkfgj gS fd dtZ nsus okys
dk tksf[ke c<+ tk,xkA
19 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

jde okil u feyus ds dkj.k
eanh dk ladV ns[kus dks feykA
bl ckj ekeyk oSlk ugha gSA bl
ckj ,l,sM
a ih dh jsfVax ds dkj.k
cktkj esa gM+dai epk gSA
ekuk ;g Hkh tk jgk gS fd
vxj ;g vk'kadk lp lkfcr gqbZ
rks vejhdk dks viuh ifj;kstuk
ls ckgj tkdj dbZ yk[k djksM+
MkWyj dtZ ysuk iM+ ldrk gSA
vFkZ'kkL=h vfHkthr jk; pS/kjh
dgrs gSa fd dtZ ysus ls vejhdk
ds ljdkjh [ktkus ij vlj
iM+sxkA ,sls esa dtZ pqdkus esa Hkh
vejhdk dks fnDdr is'k vk,xhA
tkfgj gS fd dtZ nsus okys dk
tksf[ke c<+ tk,xkA
,l,sM
a ih ls ukjktxh
,l,sM
a ih dh jsfVax ls vejhdk esa
cM+h ukjktxh gSA vejhdh foÙkea=h
fVeksFkh xsFkuj us vius ,d c;ku
esa dgk gS fd jsfVax ,tsl
a h
,l,sM
a ih us vejhdk ds foÙkh;
ctV ds xf.kr dk vPNh rjg
v/;;u ugha fd;k gS vkSj mlus
xyr fu.kZ; ys fy;kA ,tsl
a h us
vU; eqn~nksa ij /;ku nsus ds ctk;
fiNys dqN eghuksa ls py jgh
cdokl cgl ij T;knk /;ku
fn;kA ogha] vksckek us Hkh vejhdh
Vªstjh lqjf{kr gksus dk nkok djrs
gq, dgk fd vejhdk ges'kk ^fVªiy
,* ns'k cuk jgsxk] Hkys gh cktkj
20 | lPph eqPph

Åij uhps gksrk jgsA vejhdk
dsUnzh; cSad QSMjy fjtoZ us vius
,d c;ku esa dgk gS fd LVSaMMZ
,saM iqvlZ dh jsfVax dk varjjk"Vªh;
Lrj ij gekjh flD;qfjVh ij dqN
gh le; ds fy, vlj jgsxk]
D;ksafd vU; dbZ cM+h jsfVax
,tsfa l;ksa dh utj esa vejhdk dh
vFkZO;oLFkk vHkh Hkh nqfu;k dh
lcls etcwr vFkZO;oLFkk gSA phu
us vejhdk ds ljdkjh ck¡Mksa esa
1]600 vjc MkWyj dk fuos'k dj
j[kk gS] tkfgj gS] phu dks cM+k
/kDdk yxk gSA
Hkkjr dh fLFkfr
vejhdk ds ekStnw k gkykr ij
Hkkjr us fuf'pr rkSj ij cM+h
pSdl izfrfØ;k trk;h gS] ysfdu
fjtoZ cSad ls ysdj ;kstuk vk;ksx
ds
mik/;{k
eksVa sd
flag
vgyqokfy;k rd us nkok fd;k gS
fd ;g xaHkhj fpark dk fo"k; ugha
gSA budk dguk gS fd Hkkjrh;
cktkj dh viuh fLFkfr etcwr gS
vkSj og vejhdk ds Hkjksls ugha gSA
ysfdu foÙkea=h iz.kc eq[kthZ us
ladV ds bl nkSj esa fpark trk;h
gS vkSj dgk gS fd ,sls esa fo'o
cSad dks viuk iwt
a h vk/kkj cukus
ds rjhds <w¡<us gksaxsA lkFk gh fo'o
cSad dks dqN vyx gV dj lkspus
dh t:jr gSA

& cuokjh yky 'kekZ

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

xe tgk¡ rd ig¡qp u ik,
LokfHkeku fdlh dk VwV uk ik,

d f ork
vius ns'k ds usrk
gS vius ns'k ds usrk ,slsA
ns[kks [kkrs turk ds iSls
?kksVkys ;s [kwc gS djrsA
ugha fdlh ls vc ;s Mjrs
vjcks dk gS fd;k ?kksVkykA
turk dks Hkw[kks ekj Mkyk
usrk feydj djs iSlks dk gktekA
fLol cSad esa djrs lkjk iSlk tek
vxj ;s lkjk iSlk okil vk tk;sA
ns'k dh turk ekyk&eky gks tk;s
usrkvksa dh vc rks feydj djks
nokbZA
Hkz"V gS tks Hkh usrk mudh djks
lQkbZ
gS vius ns'k ds usrk ,slsA
ns[kks [kkrs turk dk iSls

& lkxj dqekj
d{kk 7] viuk ?kj] dkuiqj

*****
vc LokfHkeku
fdlh dk VwV uk ik,
nq%[k ds ckny xqtj pqds gSa
lq[k dk ,d vk/kkj cuk,a
21 | lPph eqPph

fdlh dks u gks “kdks”kqHkk
fdlh dks u gks f”kdok fxyk
,slk ,d iSxke cuk,¡
efUnj VwV pqdk gS viuk
bl dks fQj cyoku cuk,¡
fnyksa ds gq,s gSa gtkjksa VqdM+s
fey dj mu ij xk¡B yxk,¡
fny fdlh dk fQj VwV u ik,
,slk ,d Loh/kku cuk,¡
I;kj gh I;kj dk gks tgk¡ clsjk
vc ,d ,slk lalkj cuk,¡-----A
nq%[k ds ckny xqtj pqds gSa
lq[k dk ,d vk/kkj cuk,¡

& MkW- ch-,l- “kkg
n;kuUn esfMdy dkyst vkSj vLirky

*****
bl ikj vkSj
ml ikj ds yksx
dqN csnnhZ yksxksa us
ck¡/k fn;s gSa ,d js[kk esa
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA
,d T;ksfr] ,d Lo:i
,d uD”k] ,d >yd gS
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

ik¡p ufn;ksa ds vkfyaxu esa
tUesa vkSj [ksysa gSa
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

dc rd djksxs dSn
cUn njoktksa esa
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

Hkk¡xM+k] fxn~/kk Mkyrs
ukStoku NSy Nchys gSa
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

D;k gqvk] vxj cUn gSa
f[kM+fd;k¡] njokts
[ksy j[ks gSa fnyksa ds csjksd >jks[ks
geus ns[kus ds fy,
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

eSa iwNrk gw¡ bu tkfyeksa ls
fQj D;ksa gSa nwj ,d nwljs ls
bl ikj vkSj ml ikj ds yksxA

& MkW- ch-,l- “kkg
n;kuUn esfMdy dkyst vkSj vLirky

22 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

foKkiu

23 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

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VIRUDHUNAGAR

Administrative Office:
23B, Rajaji Street, Swarnapuri, Salem - 636 004, Tamilnadu.
Phone : 0427 – 422222, 2222222
24 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vDVwcj 2011

foKkiu

CUDDALORE