m o c. dl r o w o h s o.

w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 1 egaP

4kxdl kg I‘ s s i¬ e jn hLkF g; `kjH ld `kjH lldf 4kjH yge hH u jkedtkj sjlhr X s s\ s , s s q 4k;x kg ydæfe hH kuyduf l r¬kj lm 4h;x j s q s s H hH /xn hg Fkl udfsy ]k;x jH yge kjkl 4s;nf kxy jP d Idjd7Ld q s s s w\ e yge jkv k;nf jd Wq' kunhj[ ulm cl ]krkt jgkc kjpd7kLd hH kt X , s w\ s l okx 4;kt k;nf jH yge jkv ;kt k;yf nhj[ lm ]g krkt kdG jgkc s a s , s s , X kjpd7kLd kt kd okx df g kr¬kj hg dS 4krdl kt Cgu kjH kr sl krkj w\ s a , s X gkot7jhg yge kLc kurb 4g LkF rgc s;iQ kl df kpkl u jkedtkj jlwn s \ T s s\ q , s s q s 4k;x gj hyk[ ydycf yge kdlm 4k;kv Iky l q , iko j? jdk[ ;iQ kl hH koq; go hg lo 4kF lki dum kt ]g rkv Iky s s , s , s s T s , jdk[ hH go ]g rkt e Sqt sutk[ rgc kt ]g krkg jldv df kl,t udfy s T s X s q s , s s 4kF krdl kt Cgu kjH e ;i X s Q kl 4kF kLc rgc yge dfk;D 6y jH kd yge Lc lm l k;iQ rgc jG , \ q X s s s \ s X q f kr dl rht e St g krdl kg 4;kxy ji okn ulm s;iQ kl jkv e j? s s X q , s s a s , , X kvt k;x go `kxdl kt kjH yge k;D l ;iQ kl ]kpkl u jkedtkj ygi q s s s , s s q s 4F Lc rgc d kjkedtkj um yge jkv 2s;iQ ,kl yd s s \ q s X q , q 4kx;k s t kg hjkd/fv kd ;†kj hgo ]kxsuc Ikel hgo ]kx;kt kg yGl d/fkol e s z s s Z X X kuhr kt 4spc u hyk[ gxt Nd ];kt jH yge kji df kunhj[ thp hlß s q s w X e ;iQ kl 4g krn e s;iQ kl7kl ;3eku d kuhr um ]g yge kt uhr df X s , wa s T , , s s X T s kgd jkv ;nf s;iQ kl7kl güm jkv k;kyc kd XkIc uiv kuhr ulm gcql un , s , , X , q s s s X s f jln jkv 4k;krc kr¬kj Bkd u jhdG lm 4kNi l jhdG dS u Ikzel lm s w , s s w s s `kg kr¬kj k;D ]dl kt kukt ld ]dl kt kukpgi sld s s s , s , 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd hH kd uukpgi l jgkc lm ]g <wi , s s s s , Z o®ge hH kt e uoht udfy ]g hrdl kt hukpgi l jgkc kt ]g thp Nd s X s T s s T X q 4g tkjr Bkd u ]g Ikc Bkd u Syf d uiku lm ]g <io® , w s , a s s s s , Z w ge hH kt e uoht udfy 6g hrdl kt hiku l jgkc kt ]g hrkg thp Nd s X s T s s T s X q `Xe rgfv ukd ]kxkg e , s X rgf d ;†kj lm rDf;ø ukd df dl kt kukt ld `kg k{hji ld `g ukd s , s s , s s , , , rk' e kuhr um df kF uOfd rgc ;<uf g; jkv 4kg rk' kt ]g hrkg H a X X q Z , X a s , s q ' hg e kFkg um yod rDf' dfk;D ]n n rDf' hd ;†kj e Fkg dldf d X X s X s s X s f kF Felv e sujd ;<uf g; go 4kF kuikl kd ;†kj lm e Fkg sdutf ] Z X Z T s s X sl XkdL\y uhr uiv ujo ]Cgu l q;®e 4kF hH rrfpV rgc jkv kF kgj jd s s 1 q , hruxf hd kunf erfv d uoht suiv Ikel dS 4g rkc hd kunf ukji rqgc X a s z , X s q 4g krgkp kujd W' e kpp hygi hd jof'f lb l hukgd hl7hIkN dS wa q T Z s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 2 egaP

4g u®;i hg kjkeg ]g lk;i hg kjkeg g; , z , z ]g kI‘p hg hjkeg g; ]g yG kd eJ hg jkeg g; 4g hrkg kni l Cgo kLh , s , s , s , s \ i hjkl ]krpV hjkl ]rfk'v hjkl 4g k[j jH l Idjd7Ld ]/xn hg ueg k a , s s w\ q s s t ]d yge lm ;kolf g hrkv Cgu hH l Cgd kLhi jkv krpV g; 4g hrkv s , s \ , , s X l kjkr7nkp u ]hrkv Cgu l 'kdkv rfk'v jkv krpV g; `k;D 2g rrfp a s a , X T V urb ]g h[n urb ]g rk'v urb 4g k;x kg ydæfe kuht kjkeg jkv kx s T q s T a s , s q , s ;kt kg ydæfe hg kuht kjkeg 4hxn Cgu ugj jrhH d yge lm hg eg / s q s s s X xn hd yge hlm ]g xy eg e ujH kd yge ltf df Cgu kri eg udfy q T s X s s X s 4g gj jH l Ld eg kl ]g krdl kt kjH hg l Ld yge T s s s w\ s , s s w\ s l rDf' hLkF hurb 4krdl kt Cgu kjH l krkjgkot7jhg Bkd yge sllb ] s\ s X s s rDf' hIkN hurb ]uoht kl7kIkN kurb df g hg; hjkeg kudr dfk;D 2g g s s , Z X T s j jd kØdb e j? eg kd Idjd7Ld cl lm 6Cgu Fv erfv Bkd kdltf X s s w\ Z a s ]erfv Cgu ;¥e Bkd kdltf 4g gj kv yp Syf e yge eg jdnhj[ kd a w s T s s X s hlm ]g F;ø hH skt e uoht 4g hy ukO hd sujH kd yge l Idjd7sLd u , Z X , s s w\ s Nd l eeg jGf k; jkv 4g krkt gj hg kul Arrav yge kd uoht jkv q s X , , w , g rkt yp hg rjkg eg ]g krkg ji okn df klt jkv 4xy ht eg jGf kr T s s s , s a , , s X s kxyef Nd df e k'kv lb okn jg jkv 4g k[j kxy ji okn kd uoht u s q X a , , a s s eg kr k; dfk;D 4dl kg Ikel kd uoht Bkd ]g ydæfe hg rgc ]sl eeg s X s s z s , q q X 4k;x kg hjkd/fv kd ;†kj lm go 4k;x kg Ikel jkedtkj kjlhr s s z q 4kF kjH l 'kdi jkv l /xql yg s z , s a e go 4F ;x s;kdIy yG ji hdL[f7hdL[f ]jk}7jk} d yge jkv CF h;x s s w \ \ s , hdLNf k;/faxl jkv ]kF kjH l 'kdi yge kjkl 2F yt s;nf e ukd7ukd \ a q , s z s s X s s s s 9 4l dkykv ]l 'kdi8 ]kgd u jkedtkj lm s s s z s q 99`g kjH l thp ldf yge ur88 ]kNi u ktkj 2 , s s w w s s F s;x s;kyt ;nf e yge jkl 4hd lokev hF rkj ]s;x jrhH o jGf 2lki s X s s d yge lm hF /axl hurb3;x jH l ;pækv jd[n o ]F d;k<uf kt 4ñ s q s s Z s s s Z s Fk{hji ;x gj xn jd[sn 4k;x lki d yge d jkedtkj jlhr Ikel jGf s a s s q s z 99`g krdl , yef k;D jkv e ;iQ kl 4kF krdl kt knhj[ hg kjpd Glf 4kF u kr¬kj , X s , Z jkv Bkd88 ]kgd u jkedtkj lm 2kF kjH l hxnx ]Idjd7Ld yge kjkl , s s q s a s w\ ]hF cnc hurb 4h;x kg Igkjc? kr jdkt lki d yge d jkedtkj jlwn w s s s s q s 9 4g hyk[ yge , jkv k;x jkg e 4WH kd yge jGf kr Mkt rht jkv n;k' ]y[ kvt uTe , T a s s a , wa s q s kpkl 4F ed rgc ;iQ kl ]jd ke{8 ]kgd u jkedtkj lm 4kF hyk[ y s s q s , X s q ge kd jkedtkj ygi 4k;kv Ikel Syf d k{hji 4hd ;<uf h;x kv Ffrf q s z s Z
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 3 egaP

4sxn k[lf kujr eg hg e unf uhr ]g krgd X , X , go 4g dkjr y'd dS e okx 4g Cgu rjWt hd ;el knk;† ]kgd u kxky , , q X a , s X s `g kgd ;el lki je Syf d su[hl kujr ]kgd u jxknkl lm , a s s s , s , 4ky [hl kr kujr ed s s , s l ed er 4g hrkt cL Xoku ]g rkg jr[ ]g rkg ukGr 4g kdku hd uket q T w T s s s T s s w , , s ukji 4kg re? e kdku er df kgd llm u k_ef dlm 4kF k;x uked ; s q s s w X , q s s X s s s iQ kLkjd e k'n jn7jwn jdy kdku kt ]jxknkl kLc rgc dS ]henkv dS X s\ X X s w s , s , \ q 2g Cgu htkj kd uykduf Syf d ujH l 'kdi kd uoht hH u , s s s s s z s nf uhr Bkd e k;ufn hd tkv dfk;D 4hH ;≈k; d nko;ü/ j,kv g ;≈k; d s X q X s s , s s rxko¬ hH go ]g ;x kv kg; jdykduf ikv unf uhr jkv g rgc unf uhr T s a , T q 4g Cgu oHl kukt dIH jdgj s/v j,kv ]kukt kg n , a a s c kd [kv e uoht lb jGf ]y [n jkv sy yk[ [kv kt hH jkc dS 4g a a X s s , s a s , oHlv kukt kg xyv l nukv lm kjkcn e uoht lb jGf ]s;kt kg r/fcal a s s a q X s a s a l nukv d uoht hH kd <{ dS kt ]y kOm end e k'nf dhO hd uht s s s s X s hH kd <{ dS rDf;ø kt dfk;D ]g krdl kg dhO uoht kjkl kr ;kt [hl s s X , s s s kuht l dhO hH Syf d k<{ uhr henkv dS df y >el I‘i¬ kurb jkv s s X X , `xgj ld ]xX;tf ld eg Xe s X s , s s , jof'f d kunf uhr ub df g hjWt suy >el hg _l defFki Nd skr tkv s X T s w z q s ygi dlm udfy ]kxgd kdikv k;Pfhl Nd ]<jp dufkKo Nd ]_wl Nd s s wa s a \ q , q q X e k'nf hdlm e kunf uhr syko sukv kr go `kxjH l 'kdi ld yge g; X X s s s z s , 4xjd s X ''fkd hd uht eg unf uhr ji jk/kv dutf ]kxWd rkc e likv ji k_wl s s s a T s X defFki l7LkF Nd kr rkj hd tkv `g krdl kg ld g; 4dl jH sl / z s s s\ q s , s s , s a q s xl ]dl jH l rhxl ]dl jH l 'kdi 4;kt jH u l Idjd7Ld ];kt g s a s s z s s s w\ s j u hyk[ g1x uoht kdikv dfkr 6g krgkp kujd W' Syflb l hukgd lb wa q s 4g krkt kg hjkd/fv kdlm go hg rpæfuf kr g knial Bk , s s , s d hH Cgd jxv ]g nukv Bkd hH Cgd jxv ]g ke®keji Bkd hH Cgd jxv , a s , s 6g krkt uc rhxl kt ;o¬ ]g kry jH l /xl kt kd yge d uoht ui , a s a , s s a q s s s s v ]g kry kyt 'kdi kt dr rv d uoht df g rpæfufl rkc dS udfy , s z s a s , q s `kxkg Z<hRm ukd jkv ld e k{hji dS lb hd uoht df g kri kd s , , s , X , s ldf `kxkg k;x ktsH Cgu Syflb hH kdikv ]g kri ldf ]g kri kd ukd s s , s , s , 4dl kg hjkd/fv hH ikv d ;†kj d ke®keji n;k' jkv 4dl kv /xql ]d X s s s , s a X l kv yG e yge ]dl yt k;nf kd yge df Wd likv rkc Nd e kunf w X s a s X q X X uhr ub df g ktH kyc kdikv Syfhlb ji Ir jxkl lb e utuf lb kg; , s q s X Z a 4dl jH kd yge uiv l /xl jkv l 'kdi kt ]g Cgu jrhH s s s s a q , s z s , jkeg jkedtkj kjlhr go 4g jrhH jkeg kr jkedtkj d gjr kn ; udfy s q T s s q s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 4 egaP

4kg kjH l thp hldf gkp ]g krkcL kihi kjH 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd s s s , q \ Z s s llb ]l krkjgkot7jhg df ]l kLdd df ]l hÈef df g kjH l ukl kihi u s X s s X \ a s , s s s dfsy 4l krkjgkot7jhg Bkd ]g kry jH l kLdd Bkd 4l hÈef Bskd ]g kr s X s s , s s X \ a s s , y jH l ukl Bkd 2g rgj sxy e ''fkd hd ujH kd uiv cl eg udfy s s s s s T s X s s s s s 4g krkt kg Fel e ujr e jxkl d Hi hg k , s Z X s , X s q z urm go ]g krkt kg ;ü' jkv hyk[ kurtf rDf;ø kt kgo 4g krkg hjWt k , s w , s a , s ukt uc kihi hyk[ kd a;o¬ kr kg kujr e jxkl d uoht jkv e jxkl d s s s , X s , X s ke®keji jxv jkv 4g krkg hxk;gl kihi hyk[ kr kg kujr e hnu jkv 4g , , s s s s , X , , kugd likv s>e hgo ]dl kt ;df /çyim ld ihi hyk[ e kunf uhr j/b s q X s s , s X X 4rdl kg Cgu htkj kd ukg hyk[ e <{ dS o ]g hrkg rnkv hd s s s s s X s , s sukg jH jH uoht hdutf dfk;D 2k;x nd ;yf ihi jH go udfy ]krkt n s s X w s s s s d jdsy ihi hyk[ go df kF k;x yef hH kdke lm j,kv 4g krjd kdikv w s , s wa rxko¬ llb ]g dl ykduf Syf d ujr unf uhr ikv 2kF kdl ykduf Cgu s T s s s , Syf d sujr unf uhr go 4g rdl hg >el ikv go ]kxkg kvg kdlm kt s , T s s q s 2k; x nd jkv ;yf ihi jH l sukl sulm `kxkg k;D l und jdy ihi hyk[ 4 w , s s s s s s s s w s s g hxy ucL kr oku df k[n sulm j[fkv jGf `hyk[ k; Sg jH l ukl3sn , s w s s q s s s s d jdy ihi l ukd df kxy sukg ykLkokL ue kdlm 4kF kgj kv jdy go w s s s , s s a a s gütf ]F hH ihi jH l k;G√'v7<o¬ kn jkv Syf d ujr F sLkN [j ul X s s s s X Z s , s s , s s\ s m kt ]F kgo hH ihi hyk[ kn udfsy 4k;x lki d kihi uiv go 4sF rukt s s a s s s X s s kujr o ];x nd kr dofku hdkc kr 4g rgj [j hg phu d jr¬cf sdlm , s s w s s T s s s s go 4kx;kt kv jdtk[ ihi suiv go ]g dhO df k>el u kdofku dlm kr s s s , s X s s `g kgd T a ihi je ]k;ky¥pf go kr 4hxy sucL oku jkv kOm ukGr 4h;x kv hL\? g s s s s w , w o unf dS df kF u hH kri kd hldf jkv 4kr[j Cgo ]krkl kgt ]e oku s , s a X huiv k'eg kdum 4;yf [j lki uiv jdkojd nc ge hyk[ ihi kn ulm s s s s a qa s s s 4xkdl kr jr er jdLdi güm kr s s s , q \ X s s ;kt Li rjWt hHd 4ky [j lki uiv ihi kn ed7l7ed ]kgd u kxky kr \ s s s s s s X s s 4g Cgu , lki je kr ;el kurb ]n krc kr kg chdjr hr¬l Bkd jkv ]kgd ulm kr s s s X s s s , s s 2kukt u kujr er jkv kg kjr[ unf hH hldf s , q , s ]g uoht jrjuf ji oku kjkgér ]g dkujr[ kLc df kgd u kxky hH jGf , a q , \ s X s 4kxy [hl jWt kr hxyef rljG hHd 4g rkt k wa s s q T s s g kgo l akg; k[ky kr e unf uhr 4g krsy jd jkckjkd kd kjktg kr e u a s X s X wa s X s X nf uhr `kgd lki je unf uhr udfy 6g krgd dhO go ]kgd ulm udfy a s s s , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 5 egaP

ukv jdul rkc hd ;®l d uoht Bkd ]g krjd oHuv nukv jduql rhxal a q X s s T q a Bkd 4g utjkue dS hH kuul 4g Cgu Fv hH Nd l ukg kyko uuql _ke s , a s q , Z q s s s s 4krdl kg Cgu hH Nd kF;üv ]g krdl kg Nd s q , s q s kr hxL\i hujd lm rfk∂ Bkd e kF¬o;ø hd ukg uiv ]nH Bkd Xe xP d s s a s X s s s s s a s s uht uiv ]urojfi Bkd e /fof7uoht huiv lm ]kxLi kukg Nd slm ]kx s Z s X s s \ s q s \ Li kujd Nd lm 4Sgfkp kuy ukt eFi lcl kd d/kl g; ]g Cgu kd u q s s z s s , s s yef hH Nd l suul sydv 4g k;x yef Nd eg ]g k;x kg /çyim Nd Xe q s q s , q X , s q g n;k' df g krkg kni eH dS jdukt rkc dFkl udfy ]g k;x yef N , s , z X Z s , qd >e df krpkl Cgu g; hH Bkd jdukt rkc hd F;ø dfk;D ]g hH hxk;i s q s s Z X , s m kuukt rkc hd F;ø l tkgyf lb d¥fc ]g krkt kg Cgu urojfi Bkd jk X Z s , s Z s , v rfk∂ Bkd e uoht l usy ul jkv uukt dum ]y ukt rkc hNπv hg hu a s X s s q , s s X X rdf gkp ]Xy ul rkc hNπv hg hurdf gkp eg 4Sgfkp kukg I‘i¬ yk;“ kd s q X s s s ujd Nd e kunf uhr ub 4kujd re krpV rgc hd uul e kunf uhr ub q X X q s q X X 4dl kt k;df Nd s q dfkr ]e uiydv lb ]g ktH kyc kdikv ji hjn lb kg; Syflb ]kg ku X s s , s q s w a s jd Nd udfy ]dl ul ikv df g krkt kv e kjxu dikv hg n[ e kr S q s X q wa X X s q T s yf d uul 4g ;x kv gxt ryx go ]kg ;x kv uul Glf xky kt 4g jqr s s q T s X s s q Z s s T kv kd ujd Nd ]Cgu kd uul kt Glf ]g d/kl kt ]g Syf dum jof'f s s q s s q s Z T s , s ku/kl jkv 4g dl®m kd suul ]g dokJ kt ]g Syf dum xl®l ]kgd güm , T q s q T s , s a X s T s ue kr `g k;D xl®l jkv g k;D jof'f7ku/kl df kF kgj Ni e r¬kj sl , a , , w X s >e Bkd hg yd `k;D huk; jof'f7ku/kl df g rNi xky l>e ]rkc hygi q s T s w s s q 4g hjWt uy jd <je¬ _l defFkzi T s s w `ld `g ;®l eku kdltf ]g Hi eku kd Ir l s , , , q z tf ]g ke®keji eku kd Ir ltf3g rdl kpgi dr Ir lm e jxkl d rk , T s qa X s Kv kd oku hd uoht eg ld ]xX;kt kg Fel e ujr eg ld ]xjd hyk[ s s , s s Z X s , s , s X kd uiv eg ld 4g hjk;r hd sucL cl go ]g [hl Nd kt cl eg jkv s s s , , , w T s q s , 4g kyd hd sujr e/ , , Z 4g Cgu hjk;r Bkd hjkeg hd ujr ]g hd hjk;r hd , , s s , , , s w Z ucL Glf sueg 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd llb ]jrhH uiv g s;yf jH k;D eg \ Z s s s T 4krLi \ Cgu dG Bkd llb ]g jH lldf o jGf 4rukt Cgu kujr ]g rukt kucL Z s s T s s s s , T s w Glf ihi jH dfk;D ]kg kul hg n;k' u ihi udfy 992g krkcL r hH jGf Z s s X s q s s s , q w ]>r g kjH l ukl sue 6Mkt cwL e kt ]g Cgu hjH kr hÈef Bkd ue 4Cgu s q , s s s T a T s , s s s T krkpc s>e r jkv ]g kjH l sukl s>r sue ]ihi jv88 df e k<{ rcL kxk q w , , s s q T s s X X s w s g kgd Cgu e ue ulm kurdf 4Cgu k;kpc lm u kihi jH l ukl unf lm X s s s X s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 6 egaP

4xXul l xP jln lm ikv ]kxgd kt e jGf kr kxkg Gkl kr¬kj l ujd N s q s a s w s wa s T s s s s d df e ue kg I‘i¬ g; jkc dS 4Cgu Syf d jkpof jkv uul Nd ]g S q X s s , s q q T g Ødb kg; kd sujd Nd eg df g hjWt kuy y e uk;÷ lb3hjk;r hygi q s a s q , s s X s , `hxkg k;D hjkeg hjk;,r defFki hd s z lb `y[ ld [kv g; 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd u>el kd 'kdi udfy ]g k s q s , a , s s s z s , rdl kt k;df ;kim kd uyk[ [kv 4g hlt kxky s;df nc [kv Nd hH r s s a , , X s a a q fF¬f hjkeg 4g krkt kv e >el Nd cl ;k>el kucf e /cl d 'kdi kr , X q s X a a s z s s dl [n jdyk[ [kv go ]dl kg tkyb kd [kv hdlm udfy ]kx;kv Cg s s a s s a s s u e >el hH Nd kr e /cl d 'kdi gj rk>el eg kd henkv /v dS X q s X a a s z X s s s a 4g hrdl T kt h[n jkv hukt hg djd ]Cgu hg jdukt yod kt ]g thp Nd Xe uoht s , s s s T X q 4kx;kt >y s m hH go ]kxs;kt kg I‘i¬v hH go kr kxkg kvg hH I‘i¬ kLkF d¥fc ]kxskg s s s q s\ Cgu I‘i¬ hH Nd ]jd nkoof e likv ]jd jkpof ]pkl hg kurdf ji lm q X X X X s 4g Fv k;D kdlm jkv g kgd k;D df kx;kt kg I‘i¬ e <je¬ kji kd kj , Z , , s s X w i go kr sx;kOm hH end dS e k'nf lm ]hH kLkF jxv lm ]kxgd kt Te w s X X s\ s wa s 4g Fv k;D kdlm df kx;k , Z s v e >el jkv kxkg I‘i¬ hg l ujd xk;i go ]kxgd kt e dfk;D 4g hjW X , s s s s z wa s T X T t suy jd xk;i l LkF Nd ji lm 4Cgu hxsk;im kun k[ e jkpof ]Xe kp s s z s s s\ q s s X Z p lm 4g ;el kIkN rgc unf uhr 4g ujd xk;i sLkF ji lm ]gd kt Te s , s q T s s z s\ wa s 4g hujd Cgu rgc kpp jkv nkoof , q Z , ]upoof e likv ji lm ]kxgd kt e 4g kujd Cgu uue rgc ji lm ]g s X wa s T , q , kujd Cgu urpV rgc ji lm ]kxgd kt e 4g kujd Cgu jkpof Bkd e l q wa s T , s X ikv ji lm ]kxgd kt e kr ]sxXy y e uk;÷ l iW I‘i¬ rgc kd rkc lb wa s T s s X s q s 4Syf d u s s s n k'nf h;u ]uoht k;u ]iW k;u skd rfF¬f hd uoht d a;o¬ Nd d¥fc 6Cg s q u Syf d urpV Nd ]jkpof Nd ]dr Nd 6Syf d u>el ]Syf d uul _ s q q Z q s s s s q ke 4g jlov dS Syf d uync kd ;o¬ l iW de®kutl ]l iW de®kup , s s s a s 1 s j ]l iW ;∂fl Syf d rfk∂7uoht de®k;∂f dS jof'f7ku/kl ]rkc hygi s s a 4g hrdl kv rpæfuf , kr syef xk;gl kdikv ync go ]g krdl ky Cgu e ync go udfy 4;kv s s wa T s s s y ync Nd jrhH dikv ]suc u'ekGlkI oIDfS Bskd ]uc <jrkiW de®k q s ∆ a≠ s a ;∂f Bkd jrhH dikv go df l I‘fn hlb go ]e kunf uhr ub kxgd kt Te s s s 1 X X wa s 4g krdl ync uoht kjkeg kr Li kujd Nd eg 4g ko , s s \ q X , kyH Syf d jn hLkF ]Cgu knk;† l utjkue go udfy ]g krjd oHuv n q s s s\ s a s s , q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 7 egaP

ukg hu®i y sy hÈN Syf d unf uhr ub 4g Cgu rjWt hH Bkd hd uuke h s s X q s , s s u®i jkv rfi kd sjln7dS güm kr g ;kv Fkl hH hu®i jkv rfi jxv kg; , s w X s T s , a 4l krnkv cl hui s X v Xy sy ekJof Syf d unf uhr 4g rjWt hd ujd Xrkc hd F;ø l jlwn7d s , s Z s s S u ]g rjWt hd uul k;Lfj kg; u ]g Cgu rjWt hd uPi jkc[v Bkd , s q s s a , s \ s a kg; 4g kgj kt kIky Cgu kr liko e j? d krnkv huiv e df [j uk;÷ 4 wa , s X s s s X T X jd kd rkc lb IGS l'kd 4jd lk;i urpl kd rkc lb e kunf uhr ub X Z a X z s X X 4g hjWt kusn Lkr kd j? lm ]hgl hg kd kuIc hIkN , s\ s s s X s 7hIkN ]g k[j kuc kj? dS kd krnkv kt sueg lkilkv jkeg kr kg rgkp s , s X s s s X s kuync kd k'nf hd uoht uiv jxv eg jkv 4g ekyx hg urb hH cl eg s s , T q s `k;x kg LcLx cl kr hF Cgu s \ \ s uIc df g krdl kg ekyx kurb e k;D 2l uIc hl7hIkN dS g krdl kg wa s q T s s , s /cl kurb k;D `g krdl skg /cl kurb k;D l uIc hl7hIkN dS df k;x a a , a a s s gj ukjg e df kgd >e sNhi ukgüm 2;x jkg kende kygi go 4s;x Oc d , T s q s X s q , s jd nc [kv ji ñld o 4s;x Li syhP ji7Fkg dum 4C;x kv nc hd uhli a a q s \ , s X wa s =xClhe * u tBsia kgo 4krkg Cgu yg hH a s Bkd llb ]e rkdS gxt dS X;kt kg Ødb eg e jof'f7ku/kl ]rkc hjlwn s s X a s s X 4g rkc hygi g; ]g I‘fn Bkd , , 1 s Syf d ku/kl7o®r ]Cgu Syf d urpV7o®r ]u>el ]uul3g ugkokv dS s s s s q , ]jkdi dS e k'nf hd sukOm end ;∂fl Bkd ]kvg kgd kje df g hjWt q X s q s , kuy [j <je¬ l iW defFki kdikv g; 4dl kg kni end ;∂fl Bkd jr s s z s s s , s hH dikv df l I‘fn hlb go ]g kyko ugd e unf uhr e hH rkc kt j/b s s 1 wa s X T X s 4g rdl jd Nd kt ]g sr T s q s T dl kv jgkc jdLkn l j? kt Syf dum hH jc[ jkv 4g jc[ dS yod ,\ s s s , , s g; 4g kGlyGf Bkd u ]g nko Bkd u ]g nkoof Bkd u ]g rk0lf Bkd u , s , s T s , a s g;3g hxy xkv e j? 4g kgj n jkdi Syf d ukOm end ;∂fl dS ]de , X wa s q s s ®kutl dS Syf d ukv jgkc l j? 4g hjWt kukt yduf jgkc l j? lb 1 s s s , s df g kgj n kupl dS yod e 4g kgj gd rkc duf'kn Bkd e u ]g kgj wa s w s T wa Z s T wa s n Cgu 'snim Bkd e kr g Bg hxy xkv e j? ] g kgj gd e ct udfy s T s , q X wa T s 4kx s ;kt kg ydæfe rgc kuk>c kd xkv hd j? lm kr g utk;i k;D ],g ZFv s q q q s s , s z k;D kd ugd je ]g kgj gd k;D e df Xxy ujd jkpof xky d j? lm jk s s s wa T s s s , v g Bg hxy xkv e j? df gd kgo jdkt e jkv kg hxy xkv e j? dS , q X wa a T , s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 8 egaP

kurtf 4g krkt kv yc jkv krohr eum hg hurm ]g rkt kg xkdS hg ur , , z X T s s z s m o 4g rkt kg LIIülüd hg urm ]g rkt kg <io®ge urtf ]g rkt gj s T s s s ≠s s T s s Z w s T s hjWt surtf nç' dfk;D 4hrjd Cgu hØpf hd knç' jktg Okv hurtf df g X X , krjd ekd kurm jkr kd knç' Okv jkv 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hdlb ],g ZF;ø X , , s g; df g krkt krIkd dS7dS 6g krn [yf nç' Okv ]g krn [yf nç' l , , s , s n 4kr[yf Cgu rkc hcy7hcay kr g krjd jkr henkv 4d uykc nç' dS7d X a s , s s s S 4g gj dO li kdikv df lt dGfkzxyfI ydycf ]ykc kr kg hjWt rg T s q s , s s , , q X s s s q c 4Xykc ed7l7ed 4gj uke knk;† l knk;† 4jd xk;i kdlb unf uhr kg; s s X , s X s z a 2hL? g; hxjtx ld df g \ s q s , , krxy uxy klsS 4g hrkt kg W' BkuOfd rgc ]hupc hLc kr kd ukg ip s , s q q , s \ s s s q ;kt yef kdke eg hL? dS 4g uhy¥r e rhprkc I? lhckp eg udfy s , X \ T X s a , s 4g krdl pgi hHd u ]g kpgi hHd u dr ;®l d a;o¬ Bkd kucf Sg uke , qa , qa s s q , 4g rki pgi hg o ]g rukt hH kukg uke hHd T s qa s T s s , s kt ]xky hg o yod 4g rdl ukt Cgu kd ;®l d uoht hH hHd xky y s s s T s s s s s ko ujd rkc df g Cgu hg kri kdikv jkv 4g Cgu ykol Bkd kr kd uOc s , s , , s s s , uke 2g gj jd rkc eg Nd7u7Nd 2g rnkv hd ujd rkc hjkeg jH unf , T s q q , X s X 99 4g krn LkN Cg; kd rnkv lb 4g krIky liko jkv g kr wa s s\ s wa , , wa gkp ke{ e 4h;kv Iky liko rnkv hje 4k;x yH e ]k;x yH e88 ]gd jk T , s w T w T X , v y xke ke{ ujkG ]s;kt kv yk;“ hg lt jkv 4g kgj Li Cgu kr e rnk X a , s , , wa \ s X v hd ujd nkoof huiv Cgd e df [n jdkg rpl kLkF kr 4xy ujd nko s T X s s s s\ s s s of ikv jkv kgd Nd u hldf 4kg rnkv hd sujd nkoof kdikv g krdl skg , q s s s , 4jd ''fkd hd ugj uk/okl kLkF sllm X s s s\ ]g krLdt kd ue kt ]g kpkP kdikv kt7kt jkv ]g hdikv rnkv kt7kt , \ s s , a s s , T X s s jkv 4g Cgu rnkv Bkd ]g Cgu kpkP Bkd kdltf ]X;ht gjr hd henkv ; , , s , a s s u dS ikv e kunf uhr ub 4Xn LkN hHv kr kg s;kv LkN u3kg s;kv LkN X X s\ s X s\ X s\ j? 4rkv LkN j? kl7kLkF kd uiv ikv df g hjWt rgc e jof'f7ku/kl s s\ s\ s s , q X 4g rkt k T s s g ntke Fkl suiv k'eg eg 4rki kt y Cgu jgkc uiv ]rki kt y Cgu Xe w , s s s s s s g jgkc d gxt dS Glf 6g rn kpgi hH Cgd eg r¬kj ]g hrn kpgi hH s Z T s s qa X s T s qa Cgd eg k;Lfkxyj kF;üv 6g hrdl kg hg kr ]l iW urpl g rjd ikv j X a \ s , s s s s T s xv k_k; go jkv kxkg jrhH dikv jof'f7ku/kl 4kgo dp kv ikv kr krk , s s a s q s s g kgj kg e ykxjku ]g kgj kg Cgu e ykxjku jof'f7ku/kl 4g rjWt hd s X s , s X s , ujd ji yr d ue k_k; hylv 4g uklkv ydycf huy jd k_k; ji uhet s s , q s 4x;k s X i kv Cgu hHd kg; l kgo ikv kF;üv ]g r[j nd kdeg e j? d j? kt a s a T s , s X s s s s ];kv LkN ji j? okH jkl go Syf d unf uhr ub 4l ukg rfi j,kv sl X s\ s s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 9 egaP

4kuy jd l –el ]k s s q usy jd l kr“jn d Wl 4l _ef suiv u ]kujd rkc l hu®i huiv u 2kuO s X s s s c lki dub ]g jnl urb r“jn d Wl ; 4kuOc jdkt e ydv lki dlb , s T qa s s s , X s s s ]g rH.nv kurb kjkudf kd –el g; 4Sgfkp uuc unf d uke unf uhr ; , q q s s , s 4g kgj kt kyp ;df <jkd d rnkv ]g kgj jd rk wa s s wa c hd F;ø e 4h;x kg hryx df kuy xke ke{ l Cgo ]kun LkN Cgo 4e ku Z T s s a s s s\ X X nf uhr ub kun Ls\kN hg h/kv kr h;x kg h/kv ]hgd ue rkc d;æokuv d s s s s T f ;kt kv yk;“ hH e phc jxv jkv ]g d;æokuv k; g d;æokv go 4g s X , , , wa kgj jd k;D e df Sgfkp kukg e ue nH I‘i¬ klS kd d;æokuv7d;æokv T s X s s 4kuky re Fkl kd _ef s hurkc lb `hF rjWt k;D hd sugd lb 4F gj [n kd gcl lm hH eg ]sF w s s s s s q nwtke hH eg `kF d;æokuv `hF k;D rjWt hd ugd lb ]g jnl rgc g , s s , qa q cl df kF kgj Li h;k[nf hH kdeg 4g krLi eyke hurkc rgc 4kuky re q \ s , \ w w q s l yd kd ukege uiv df kgd e ukd d _ef uiv u l®kvky jdkv j? s s s X s s s s s 4s;kv Iky liko o , s jGf 4k;x kg ip hH go ]jdgd kurb go ]F ip dfp kukn o udfy 4g s q s q wa X s s s , elke kNπv kurdf ]g gcl rjlc[ hurdf ]kgd hg kurb u ukege lm Xe , , q w w s s s r¬kj 4;x ue? kuhr o jGf 4k;x kv hH ukege dS Fkl d _ef unf dS s s w X s s s 4F rIky o l hLkgi jdew? s s , s s \ s a s s a I? kn7I? 4 F rkg jkd¬eu ; lc 4hF hrkg rkc yd hg hurb nkc d uskg s s s s s q s s yp kI? k/kv 2jkd¬eu krgd l®kvky nkc kI? k/kv 4jkd¬eu krjd slm a s s a jdkv _ef 4kF krkt ue? Fkl dlm hH _ef dS 4kF krkt ue? gcql t s w s s w kj 4kvg e uhp ygi "o jktg BkP Bkd 4kxkg kul uikv eku kd sl®kvky s q X s Z s s q s s nç' /kdS Bkd s hHd 4g gj kt rhc e uke kI? df xX;ki ikv df g ed hurb rkc d;æ T s s X , X a s T X okv ]g ed urb nç' d;æokv ]sx;kt kg ukjg ikv jkv 4kF d;æokuv kt T s X s , , s ];kv u jgkc l kOkv dikv hH nç' dS klS ][j yk;“ e kunf uhr ub s s X s s s X X X 2g gj kt yp ykc eg go ]kvg Cgu rgf T s s s s q kd hldf e k;ufqn lltf ]kF u xk;im Bkd kdltf 4hF Cgu rjWt Bkd hd X s s s s ltf ]g gj kt sykc hH Nd 4g gj kt sykc I? lhckp eg udfy 6g kry j T s s q T s s s a , s , s d /çyim kd rDf' jkv rcd hd ujd kni xkv nç' dS7dS kdum 4g kr s , w s , , kt kv nkt jkv <ki e knç' dum ]g rkt [hl kyd hd ukg uke xky kt w , z X X s T s s s , s s 4hrkg Cgu kni s , xkv Bkd kr g hrgj hrPc <jdf Bg hj[cf jkv g hrkt kg kni xkv kr sl s s T \ X q , , s , s pkd hldf y jd kØdb eg kd k<jdf hd tjl lt 4g krkt kg okj[cf a X s X w s , , s kurm ]g hrkt kg ed krohr hurm ]g rkt kg knk;† urtf ]g rkt j[cf , s z T s s s T s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 01 egaP

4Xn ujd s oHuv kydv ]n uht kydv ]n sugj kydv ]n ukg ydv kd dSjg 4;kt q s X s s X s X s s s s s s kv yk;“ hg lt ];kt Ig ujkG kr l yH ;kt pgi ];kt u lki dlm kr s , X , s s w X qa X s s kg kOc phu d kLk> kydv Bkd 4Lkr u kd uiydv d hldf ]n u k/kc s , s s X \ s s X s\ s s s s X kd hldf 4Sgfkp kukg kjgx l jgx e kunf uhr ub okH kd ukg ydv kr s s s s X X s s s s s 4g k;kN hd uihdkdS uke , , 4Cgu ; Z pækv kr ;kt kg kni jrhH kIkUl kjkd dS kgo ]kydv ydycf ]g kydv s s s , s a s q wa s e kgt 4g jkv Bkd kgt ]g hrkg hL[ kgo kr_' jkv kr_ef ]Lx> 4g j T a , , s a , s \ a q , s \ , kv Bkd kgt ]g ruc kgo /cl 4g jkv Bkd kgt ]g hrkg W' kgo rkc df , s a T s a a a , , s a , s q a X k;D 4kx;kt kg Wq' kukg kni jrhH dikv uke rHnv dS hg Fkl dlb kr s s s , s , q . s s g kydv ydycf e df kxs;kv yk;“ kdikv ct 4xkg ek<jfi d <je¬ l wa s q T s s X s b 4g kydv ydycf e df jd kjgx kd <je¬ lb kr unf uhr ed7sl7ed wa s q T X s s 4g Cgu Fkl d hldf Bkd 4g kydv henkv dS7d , s s , s S hH phc d LhH 4g kydv henkv dS7dS 4g hydv ydycf k_k; g; 4 s \ , s , s q g Cgu Fkl d hldf Bkd udfy 4g Fkl jkeg Bkd ]g rpkl eg kr ]g ry , s s s , s s T s s s T s s jd rkc nç' l nç' 4g Fkl jkeg Bkd ]g rpkl eg kr ]g rkt kjdI jh s , s s T s s s T s j' l jhj' 2g Fkl jkeg Bkd ]g rpkl eg kr g hrLi h;k[nf LkH7LhH s , s s T s s s , \ \ \ rgc e phc 6g hydv rke ]g kydv eüt 4g kydv henkv df g pl jkv q X , s , , s , s , , 4g sydv ydycf lt df lß hH cr ]Om ct gcl 4;kt cL e nCu y T s q s , s X q X w X s dv ikpiqp lß ]g ydv ydycf ikv 4g Cgu hH Bkd e gxt hLc lb ]g s s T s s q , s X \ T sydv ydycf ikv lt ]rfkH lb kr sx;kl jdkt ikv rkj hHv3okH kd s q s , a s X s s s s s ukg ydv 4g nc k'eg Syf d kyko ugj e LhH kt ]g rkt y[ jk} o , a s s X s X \ s T s q s Syf dlm ]g krkt kg Fel kt e suht sydv 4g kujd xk;i kd uht e l s , s Z s X s , s z s X s uhyuky yIkI ]sydv ydycf unf uhr kg; jkv g ydv ydycf ikv kg; s s s q a , T s s q a 4Cgu hg g Bkd kg; 4n kjgO Fkl sd k_ , s a X X ef je s>e df gd re g; 4tk[ re Fkl ]hxl Bkd kg; 4tk[ re huid s s q X X s a s a X s a 4g kydv ydycf e l,t ]unf uhr g kuht lß >qe 4g Cgu hH Bkd kg; F wa s q T s , s s , s a kl je 4g kydv ydycf e df unf uhr g kujd oHuv g; kd d;®i ud s s wa s q T , q s s z fy ]g xky surb kg; 4Cgu /cl kd LkH7LhH Bkd l r;lfg hd d/kl 4g s T s a a a \ \ s s , T s s ydv cl eg kg; kr 4g krkt hg henkv dS7dS kgo 4hrkt Cgu LkH7LhH a s , a \ \ Bkd ji r¬kj d ke®keji 4g kydv henkv jg kgo 4g Cgu hFkl7hxl Bkd s s s , s a , a s kgo ]e k'nf hd ku/kl ltf ]e k'nf hd uk;÷ ltf ]g rgkp kukt e k'n a X X T s X f ltf eg dfk;D 4g kydv e akg; ]g Cgu xky kl gN s; kg; 4ku[j <je¬ X wa s T T s , a rkc hjlhr~~~kd /kc7okH d rfkH lb 4g sydv ydycf ikv e jof'f kg; s s s a T s q X a
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2g rjke ikv jkv ]g ukd e df g k;kv suNi e `g rjd k;D ikv g; T s , wa , T wa w T T s ]kgd ulm jkv k;x kyefyrf kr do; go 4kjke kd doq; lm kIkp dS sl s , s q s a jkt3kIkp ulm 4hx;kt yp kri hHv kdikv k;n hdlm 4kF rDf;ø yk;n s a s s s q kLc ]ykiÎ kLc e//fkc 4Sgfkp jRm kdlb >e ]g ukd e df kxy uNwi \ q \ Z s s q wa , T s s Z l e//fkc jkv k;kv lki dlm do; dS gcl dS 4kF {Hf dS e//fskc s , s q q q Z 4Sgfkp okH ohr z ]yk;“ kd luhyuky ydycf ]kd uiydv Syf dlm udfy ]g krdl kg s s q s s s s , s kukv ji ;o¬ g; 4g krki kg Cgu kukv ji ;o¬ jkv g gj dIH ]g gj ew? a , s a , , s T s ji jln I? lhckp ]gj kt j[cf ji jln I? lhckp eg 4g kgj kt kgc s w s a , s s s w s a , , ji jln ]g kgj kt kgc ji jln cl uk;÷ kjkeg ]I‘fn hjkeg ]jtu hjkeg s w , s w 1 dfk;D 4g k;D go df g krdl kt kukt Cgu kd 9e8 dr cr ]g Sg /c sl X , , s T T q s a 9r8 eg dr ct 4Sgfkp 'kdov llm ]Sgfkp rDfe llm ]Sgfkp hÈN sl w s q s q lm ]g kjln kt go 4Sgfkp kjkdIN l 9r8 kr ]kg kuukt lm ]g 9e8 kt , w s q s w s s s aw T s 4g eg kt ]sxdl ukt Cgu lm eg dr cr ]g gj ykc l jln eg dr ct T s X s T s s s s w 4kF kiNf jrhH dum skt ]k;yf ukt lm s s s X ukgüm e u,ke jkpofuf jkv ];x jxf jkpof jkl ]k;x kg nc nkol kjkl 4h X Z , s s s a a ;x kg rîkel h<ko hjkl kr ];x yp rcL ];x yp rcL dr uhge uhr o s s s s s w s s s w s s e okH hlb ]g kydv ydycf e ]Cgu hg g kjln Bkd ct 4g rki jd r X wa s q T , w s T s kc eg cr ]g hrkt kg hL[ kerfi hd jlwn 4g ry kuc teb hd jln ]g , s \ z s T s s s s w T s s ry jd kL[ kd jln ]g ry jd ri¥fd kd jln eg ct ]g rki jd rkc \ s s w T s s s s w T s hHr eg hH e ue 4Cgu ;kim Bkd kd ujd rkc hH e ue kgo ]Cgu hg X s s X a , g kjln kgt 4Cgu ;kim kd uykc kgo ]g Cgu ntke kjln kgt dfk;D ];x w a s s a , w , w a X s kg rk' <ijfi o e uhge uhr 4krki kg Cgu oHuv kr krjd ruge hH s a Z w s X s s q s s X keüt uhr henkv df kt ]k;df oHuv go ukgüm e xk;i lm d uhge uhr s q s X X s z s s 2k;nf kpgi kgd kd kxky um u xk;i lm d qa a s X s s s z s s uhge uhr 4kg sydv ydycf ]ydv3g kg; Bkd df g ku[j <je¬ u 4g s s q s s , a s , , krdl kt kykc hH l k[kv dfk;D 6g ku[n jdkOm [kv Gjr hd hldf u s s X a X , s a ]g kuykc u 4er kg ydv ]g Cgu kg; xky lhrum 4g ntke kg; kjln d , s q s s s , a s , w , a w f jd u yk;“ g; Bkd 4kxyp xk;i g; dr uhge uhr 4g kydv e df g s s s s z s wa s T , kujd oHquv hg; kd dSjg 4kg; g hg dS7dS ]kg Cgu kg; lhr er df s a , s a q kF kgd l kxky lhr um jkv 4kF k[j jd nc e yxc dS kd kxky lhr s X s , a X s a s X s 4kF kgj jd xk;i dS e okx l7IkN dS 4GStfjx kF jhdG kd uku; dS s z X a s s s q w 4Fkl g Cgu Bkd ]ydv , s s s endS3g ydv endS ]g sydv ydycf eg df [j <je¬ g; _l kjlhr T s s T s q s w 4g Sg Ødb kg; eg Syf dltf ]hx;kt kg rfk∂ go e unf uhr kr T q s a s s s a X s jd oHquv kd uiydv l krzohr hji Bkd ]l IflfusIüb Bkd unf uhr jxv s s s s w s s s
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hlb ikv hH lki d henkv ct ]g krkt kv klß jWt unf dS 4g rkt pg s , , s qa i lki dlm ]rki Iky Cgu ji suiv ikv 4g hrxy uke? lkilkv dlm kd s s , , s q s s Rpf dikv <{®r hxnwtke hdlm kgo dfk;D ]hHv g BkuOfd lki sd henk s , a X , v 4g Cgu 9r8 Bkd kgo dfk;D ]g rn kIky liko lki uiv kdikv r“jn 4 , w s a X T s s , s s kuOc lki d kr“jn 4g Cgu 9r8 Bkd kgo dfk;D ]g krn kIky liko Gjr h , s X , w s a X , s , uiv kdikv –el 4kukt lki d –el kg; kd jn hLkF Syflb 4g krkt kg s q s q a s s s\ , s ntke 9r8 k'eg Fkl d henkv go 4g hd i'fu'yjf ueÍ BkuOfd hylv w , w s s , s q 4krkv Cgu yk;“ kd ugd 9r8 kd –el ] s w s q krkv Cgu yk;“ kdikv kd ugd 9r8 kd kr“jn dfk;D `k;D ]g hrkt kg hu s s w s X X X , s klkv Fkl d kLkgi ]g hrkt kg huklkv Fkl d k–el ]g hrkt kg huklkv s X \ , s s X q , s Fkl d kr“jn Syflb 4g go df s;bkt hg yH kdlm ];LfkN kdlm ]g kjl s X , w s s \s s , n kt go39jnv hn8 4g Cgu kjln Bkd kg; ];bkt yH kd 9r8 df g; go w s , w s a s w s w ]kxkg xk;gl kt kdikv e suIky liko ji uiv lb jkv 4X;kt Iky liko j s s s X , s , , ? suiv ikv df kxWd ''fkd hji udfsy 4Wke kIkp kdikv e df g Cgu y a s w a a s T wa q k;n kurb e 4;kt Iky ji uiv ikv df kxWd ''fkd hji unf uhr e kr T X , s a s w T s 4g kukt yG kd /xl ]g kukt yt kd hu'kj Xe , , a q , s j? d uoht hg kukt yp kri kdlm jkv 4g kukt yp kri kd Hi hg ku s , , q z kt yp kri kdlm jkv 4g kukt yp kri kd ;®l hg kukt yp kri kdlm , , jkv 4g eg kt ];kt yp kri kdlm n;k' kr ;kt Iky liko e uiv eg , T s s s X , X s 4;kt Iky lifko r dfkr ]s;kt Iky e uiv r d s , w , X s w fkr ]hd ''fkd sue l ujke kIkp je 4s;kt Iky e uiv jkv s;kt kg rjo s T s s a s s , X s , s f l>e r l ujke kIkp je n;k' df kjke kIkp >r ue Syflb 4kx;kv hg s q w s s a s s a s q s T s s a l ;o¬ kr jRm go 4g ukd r df g krdl n ld jRm g; kjln dfXk;D s , , w , s s , w ]xyef O> cl ]sxyef jRm hH kt jkv 4kxyef Cgu hH hHd >r jRm kr s X s w X s , s s q s ]g ukd e df g krNi l jln 2g ukd e df g k;x kv uNi l>e r ]yx wa , T , w s s w wa , T , s w s q w ki ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg e//fkc 4kdl ykc Cgu jkv k;kjc? kr do; go s s a Z s s , s q `skg rjd k;D kykc ]kxWke hH kr kNi hH Cgu tkv jxv jkv ]k s s s a s w , xWke jGf kr sxkNi jxv `jGf tkv sxkNi `s;x kv jGf ]kgd u Ze//fkc a s s w s w s s df kF hg kOc jdkt lki d e//fkc jkv k;x pgi gcl unf jln jGf go , s Z s , qa q s w 4hxkg rkc Bkd jWt ]hxkg rkc Bkd jWt 4Cgu Nd kr jkv hn hg Gh s s s s q s , ydr kd Fkg uiv `k;D kxjke s>e go `l sujke >e g utk;i k;D kd Ze s s X s q s s q , s z s //fkc df k;kv yk;“ hH lm ;el rIky udfy ]k;x kg ukjg rgc kr go s s s , s s , q s 4g krkOm kLL kuiv e ]jgO kr g k;kv uNi l>e jxv `g k;k wa a T s , s w s q , v suNi l>e r k;D 4g yk;n rgc e//fkc ]kgd u {Hf lm 4g k;nf jke w s q w , q q Z s s q , kIkp s>e sukgüm 4kdum kF kul eku kLc sue ]uNi l e//fkc kF k;x Te a q X q \ T s w s Z s df kgd kd {Hf jln dS jdkt ulm 4k;x Iky liko jkv kOm do; go s q s w s , , q
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4g huul k<ho hjkgér >qe ud , q q s fy ]kxn e sxkxke hH Nd kt er ]kvkt kv e jkcjn df k;koygd kd Kr s wa T s a q s q s X s hxl jkv stH jhto ]tH hjkcjn suiv ulm 4s;kt yef uul rhxl df kF k a , s s s s s q a rgkp 4kF jrkv rgc kd uul kd rhxl d Krhxl Lc rgc dS Ikzel dS q q s s q s a s a s \ q 4g ;x kg nac Okv dikv 4kr T s s X s kt Cgu hg kykc likv 4g ;x kg sxx ikv jkv ;x k[ nç' lt lß unf u s s T s s wa , s s s , s hr3dl kg iqp kurtf ikpip 4g sxy Cgu kr e rhprkc hd F;ø ikv 4g g s s q T s X Z T s j jd Cgu kr rhprkc ikv df kx[j uk;÷ e unf uhr jkv 4X;kt yp ikp s wa T , s ip 4l hldf gd re Nd 4jd u rhprkc hH ;el rkt l kg; 4;kt kl j q s X q X s s a X s kv ;kt ikpiqp ikv jGf 4kxWd hji e kpp huiv jkv ]kuI? hl7hIkN dS , X a w T Z , s 4g hg oHlv ]Cgu hH , a uOfd 4oHlv3ydæfe hurb ]g uOfd hurb rkc kr kg u xk;gl kdikv jk a q , s s s , v Cgu cklgf Bkd kdltf ]g uklkv hurb rkc kr dl n l ue ji uiv i s , s X s s s w s kv xk;gl kdikv 4g krdl kg Cgu hH Nd kucf d xk;gl dikv udfy ]k s , s q s s s s xWd ''fkd hd ukt y kdikv e k'nf hd uiydv lm e e kunf uhr ub a s s s s X s s T X X 4g hrLi hujd , \ hji e sydv ydycf go ]g k_k; kt hd jnfe d Hi jkv 4g ;knzil Bkd w X s q , s a s q z , , a s u ]g LhH Bkd u ]g hFkl Bkd u ]g hxl Bkd u kdlm 4g kydv d/kl , \ s , s , a s , s 4g okH kd uisydv go 4sxdl xkt liko jdy okH kOuv dS ikv h , s X s w g gcl 4X;kt kl jkv ;kt rcL ikpip e uiydv lb 4g ydv ydycf i q s , X s w q X s s T s s q kv ]g Cgu Bkd 4g sydv ydycf ikv e k;ufn hd kjkr7nkp ub ]g ydv , s T s q X q X a T s s ydycf ikv ji hoƒi hji lb lt ]g ydv ydycf ikv e rxt Ikjof q 1 w s , T s s q X s \ Lc lb l,t df X;kt kl rfkH hlb kr ]ji jr¬cf x;skl jdkt ikv ct hHv s s a s s X 4[j uk;÷ ji um ]gd _l uhr kt ue jkv 4Oc e X s w s s T , X , X rkdS ]tk[ kd uiydv 4g ydv ydycf eg df xjd ''fkd hd rkc lb a X s s s s T s s q s X s e kunf uhr ub 4xjd lk;i eg kdlm e kunf uhr ub 4Sgfkp hukt kg k X X s X z X X s defH Nd jkv hjk;r Nd Syf dlm 4g hrdl kv jh/7jh/ hL? go udfy w q , , q s , s s \ s 4g Cgu , Bkd l,t ]g rdl Oc lß hH Fkl d henkv ikv df g krkv unf dS 4Sgf s s T s , s s , kp hjk;r hdlm udfy 4g rkt kg uZ'n dlm ]g ;¬gj kt go kd uoht ]g , s T s s s , s , 9hI¬ef8 hL\c lcl kt go ]jrhH d henkv lm kr cr 4g krdl Li h;k[n ≠ s s s s s , \ f e kjxkl u ]krdl Li h;k[nf e k{o u kt ]g krLi h;k[nf go lm jrh X X \ X X 1 s , \ s H d henkv unf lm ]g krkt Oc gjr lb hH lki d henkv Bkd unf ltf s , , s s 4lki d jxkl slt ]g s , T s rdl Oc rfkH hlb hH lki d henkv 4lki d {o lt ]g rdl Oc gjr , a s s 1 s , T s ,
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s uiv Krhxl kd ktkj 4s;x pgi ji jk} d Krhxl lm cr ]hF kd ukg >k a qa s a s s s a l ]hF kd ujrm rkj ]kukn o jkv ugi _¬o d –jfn ulm 4kvg htkj ktkj s s X s s , s s s q 4sxdl Oc u ji jk} d Krhxl chjx lm e y/ ; 4g X , s a X w s T hnkv d suOc ji kulkglV _¬o ; 4xdl kyG u Fkg ikv ]e k_¬o ub jkv s , X s s X , X X , 4g krLi kupgi jdkyG Fkg kgo 4g krkg /ç , \ qa , a , s yim rfkH hd kdpk; ]Cgu rfkH hd kIkel go ]g <io®ge hH kt Xe uoht a X a X z , Z w s 4kxdl kt kul Cgu go ]g srgkp kuul eg kt rhx s q T q s l jGf kr gj uc ktkj hH kgo ikv 4sxjd Nqd rgc df kgd u Krhxal lm a s X s a X q s `xjd k; s X D _¬o ]g ryp rul rhxl eg `hxLi k/kc k;D l k_¬o ub ]kgd u ktkj T s s q a s \ s X s 4y ugi _¬o lt je hH ikv 4kxL\i X s , s s s Cgu dG Bkd elm 4hxkg rkc hgo go kr jGf 4kxkg Cgu kupgi j? d K Z s X s s s qa s rhxl e k_¬o d ktkj ]kgd l ktkj sulm ]kF krugi Lid d kxe[Hf jkv a X X s s s \ s X a , kF henkv –jfn jkv kF jhdG dS kt ]su Krhxl lm 4k;x kg htkj ktkj , s a s 4end Nd g rLi uyp eg 4g krLi Cgu kukyc sl q T s \ s X , \ q m jdOc j? 4g krLi kukt hg a;o¬ eg lki dlm ]g O‘J hH kt Xe uoht , , \ X s , s s 4g d , Z G hg kd kuFki jkv 'nkv go ]g dG rgc 4g dG rgc ]kgd u Krhxal Z z , s , Z q , Z q s lm 4;kt j? dlm eg k; ;kv kg; Krhxl ]g dG k;D elb ]kgd u ktkj X s s a a , Z X s 4yp j? d Krhxl eg df g krdl kg hg; go ]s;kv e jkcj X s a , s X n Krhxl df Cgu g; go 4g krdl kg kr¬kj ]kgd ulm 4kykduf tk[ kr¬ a , s s s s kj Bkd er ]kgd skd Krhxl d jkcjn suiv sulm 4kF jrkv kLc go udfy s q a s q \ s 2kxn ktc 4kxMki ul Cgu ]g krgkp kuul e ltf kr ]kx;kt kv s a q wa q T s s s Krhxl go l 'nkv df g k;x Li h;k[nf g; kd ktkj udfy 4g krdl k a s s , \ s s , s g hH kji <{ hlb ]hHv 'snkv 4g hrLi hujd k{hri Syf d kuFki udfy w , \ z s Z z s 4g krkt yef sl , 'nkv go ]g F;ø hH kt 6g krkv l kuFki go ]g <io®ge hH kt Xe uoht s , Z s , s Z z , Z w s 4g dG e kuFki jkv 'nkv df kyp , Z X Z z , s kri kGn hygi lm 4k;x kg upc hH jkv 4k;x kg upc rgc udfy ktkj s s , s , s , s q s 4kxMkt kv e kr Gjr hd j a T s kcjn sx;kt Om ji je jkv ue kje kxkg e tke ct 4Cgu tkv ]hxL\i huj X , s s , s s X , s d k{hri hdlm udfsy ]kxMkv unf hldf e jGf kr kg hd kuFki ukgüm j z a T s s Z z s X xv udfy 4g rgkp kuul so kdltf ]kxMkg Krhxl go e u 4g krktc e s T s q s a s a T wa T skt ]hxkg u k<ho go udfsy ]hH kxMktc k<ho ]g krdl kv e kr kg ktH s a wa T s s s 'nkv ukgüm 4nko;ü/ kdum ]k;kyc ukgüm 4;kt kg kni l kKkv hd hldf s s X q s X s s , s df Cgu rkc hlß Bkd rhxl df Cgu kri güm n;k' df kgd u Krhxal lm s a X s
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d hunkp 4jgkc d okx jGf 4kykL tk[ e k;yfx7k;yfx hd okx 4ydu a s a s X X X a s f suPP lm so rkj h/kv jGf 2Cgu kri Bkd kdlm dr cv ]g h;x kg rkj wa\ s s , s h/kv cv jkv 2kF kyef kd hldf e okx u ]kF k;x k[n e okx u dr r , s X a s X a kj h/kv jkv kF jgkc d j? go hg l gcl 4s;x kg rrfpV ;‘'f dlm jk , s s q s s , v _ef dlm 4kF kIky Cgu j? rkjdl jkv hF h;x kg rkj h/kv rkj dS s , q , s ]ue®kv ;if z 4jd jkdho¬ ek<i X z s s wa je ]g krjd ek<i e kd ke®keji sOc jrhH dcl e rav 4Bg hji dOc hy z T s , s X q w , gi hd tkv 4sxjd xk;i jkv sxjd rkc hdum ]xX;kOm kd kend udf7udf X s z , X s s X ]g <io®ge k;D ]g hjWt k;D jkv Syf d ku/kl eg jGf 4jd W' xsk;i , Z w , , s X q z ji um l gcl 4gd _l uhr kt sue ]jd W' hjk;r hdlm hg l rkj tkv s q s w s T X q , s 4g , hjWt kukt kg jk;r eg Syf d k_k; lb 4g hrLi hujd k_k; eg dr jwn s , X s , \ X hurb udfy 4g krkt kv jdkOm k<ho huiv go jkv d Krhxl eji lm s , , s a ]g rkt y[ jk} o cr 6g krxy uktc k<ho hjH dp7yH ]g kruc hH slt T s q s , s w w , , 6g krxy ujd kuFki e knç' jH dp7yH hH lt ]g kruc llm hH kt , s Z z X X s w w s , , s s jGf ]g krkt kg kL[ ji jk} lm jdkg dpk; jkv jrkv ]euof ];kglv ] , s \ s , q z uhn e okH urb kt ]9Ii¬f ub jvi8 ]F rgd I¬bk∂3l kruhn hurtf jkv X s s z q s s s , 4Cgu Sg sOc ji kulkglV 4Sg ;kyG Fkg l kreuo q , X q s , s z f ]IfyfefÍ ]uhg7uhn ]Cgu e 'o d kvktkj 4jdy okH kd ñFki dS 4g sr q X s s X s z T Li sun Cgu 'nkv Bkd hg lß 4g krkg kukt hg lß hH ji jk} d ke®keji \ s s s s , s s s 4g k;x , k;nf Cgu 'nkv s>e 4kxy uktc e jkv k;x xt okH jrhH je df hn jd s q s T , s s kni rfF¬fjfi go ]9u'Splf8 go ]jlov go uer jGf 4g k;x Cgu k;kyc , q s q , q s q s s >e ]kg ;kv rfkH hd dpk; dS er 4g jkv rkc g; ]kgd u Krhxal lm a q , , s 4u k;yf ul ue ]k[n j[fkv jkv 4kF k;kyc gér ultf ]g Ikel e ]Cgu u q s T s s , q X q s wa z T s kpgi er n;k' ]kgd ulm kr k<ho hdp tc ct 4k;x kg /≈e_e kr ktkj q s s q s q a s 4k;nf jd Wq' kuktc sulm jkv l jrhH k;ky kOm k<ho huiv Krhxal go , s 4g jk;r k'eg kd u[hl e kr n krc Bkd 4g k wa , s s s T s s s wa gj ktc ]g krukt klt 4g krukt Cgu knk;† jkv e df kgd u Krhxal lm wa , wa , T s `g kgj ktc ryx ukd jkv `g kgj ktc , , , , ukd3ukd df kgd jkv k;nf yk[ jk} su Krhxl 4Cd jdukt ]Cd yH jkp7 , , , s a X w s X kn e phc7phc udfsy 4hF kry'd hdlm eltf ]kF kjk;î knk;† lcl Syf q X s sd Krhxl lm kt ]k;nf jd Wq' kuktc hgo3hgo ji k<ho ulm 4hn jd W a s s q ' huktc k<ho sulm 4s;x Oc ji jk} kukn o 4kF k;x y k<ho huiv Fkl , X s s s
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Cgd jgy hd uoht dr q;®e jdy l eüt 2g rkt jtx s;df7;df nc [kv X 1 s s T s q s a a 2g rkt jtx s;kl7;kl chjd7chjd eg 2g krLi h;k[nf Cgu hH Nd Xeg T s q s s s , \ q `g <ki kd uoht , z s kt ]g hrdl yef ld hu'kj go eg kr rLi Cgu h;k[nf hg jkr7nkp Xeg , s , s X s s \ s a `g hrdl , Li h;kul ld h<ko hd Hi eg kr krLi Cgu h;kul hH utx kd jxkl Xeg \ q s , q z X s \ q Z `g krdl L\i h;k[nf ld ke®keji eg kr srLi Cgu h;k[nf hg yG Xeg , s , X s \ w 4g kryp jdy kd ui/v hnk;ufc dS rfi d uoht g , s s s a q z s o jxv ]kxkg Felv e ujd 'soi e rxt d ku/kl rDf;ø hH Bkd dfk;D s Z X s z X s s X 4g d;æokv kuy >el hH go ]n Lkr ld eg kd ui/av lb jkv g hjW , s X s\ s , s s , , t husy ukt rkc hLkF e /cl lm ]g k;x kg refuf ld uik/v kjkeg g; s\ X a a , s Z s , a 2g krLi Cgu h;k[nf Nd hH eg 4g /v hH eg , \ q X T s a 9 4g /v xky sj T s a s kl hdkc ]g yko k[kv xky hg o n;k' 4g krkt Li h;k[nf Nd kgo güt T s X a s s , \ q a X f ]g rsy tk[ Nd e k[kv hd ;‘ue ]e kLkgi ]e k–el ]Xe k{o ]e kjkr7 T s s q X X a q X X \ X X q X 1 X X nkp kt ]xky so g ;ü/ 2Cgu kri gér jkv h;x rhc rkj kt 2e kjkr7nkp a s s T X q , s X X a g k;D df kg rNi l>e Cgér kIym ]Sgfkp kuNi >e `g Cgu k;D 2y kc , s s w s q q w s q , s q L u e rhxl uiv ]e rhx uiv 6y kyc u lki uiv lm ]n jd u /≈eof X a s X s s q s s s q s l ;e¬of lm ]y jd u /≈e7_e kd henkv kt ]e tjl g Cgu k;D ]e kj s s q a s s X w , X X kr7nkp g Cgu k;D 4Sgfkp s>e kukg ]g krkg gér Z;pækv8 ]kgd su rkjdql a , q s , s X q 92Cgu kri Nd gér jkv ;x rhc I? lhckp q X q , s s a , skt `klß e tjl kF k;D `klß e kjkr7nkp kF k;D8 ]xy uNi _ef dlm X w X X a s s w s 92g k;x r , hc ;el kurdf df Cgu hH kri >e jkv k;x cL eum e jGf ]k;yf kdIH s q , w X T s q s >e uum jGf ];x kv jkrlf jGf ]k;x kv nkp jGf ]h;x kv rkj jGf s s a 4kgj krjd k_k; jHunf Fkl d tjl 4k[n rcL tjl kd >kl ]h[n hrskg s w s s w w a s jgikn ]k[n kd tjl rxm d gcl 4k;x kv Cg; e8 ]df kgd su rkjdql s s s w s s q T 9`F kgd ]kg syduf l gcl er 4g chjd d ukg gcql hjl s a s s q q , s s s w n 4g h;x rhc rkj hji8 ]kgd u k_ef 9`kxkg k;x rhc ;el kurdf8 ]kg , w s X s d sulm jkv kukpgi kd k_ef suiv sulm 4kygf go 4Cd phu [akv ulm , s X s X s 4kF kgj kr[n jH rkj go gütf ]lki d kjkr um n;k' ]e dky sjln hl s X s X X s w df ]kF jkv Cgd ]kF Cgu ji hoƒi lb lt go 4k;kygf lm jdkt u Xk_ef , 1 s , s s 2kg k;x et lt e ñnl hd jH rkj ]skg s s , X k;x kg jF®i lt go 4CF Bg hxy Gjr hd 'kdkv [kv hdlm jkv sF c s s , q X a , hjd d ucwL jkr erfv d rkj 4kyef kvg kOc lki d {o dS go 4hF s s s a s q , s 1 chjd d sukg gcl 4jGf rtk[ lm hH jgkc d okx jn7jn o 4hF rkj h s s q s s s s s a w w s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 71 egaP

4g ry ukt eg Nd unf LkF 2g ry >el ukK eg kd ;pjfi 4g lIoD T s s q s s\ , s s s , T X S 6Cgu ukK ]g ;pjfi kuukt go ]g ry ukt kl7kLkF eg kt ]g krdl kt , T s s s\ s , kLkr Cgu hH hHd ;¬gj g; 4g <i;¬gj rqgc s\ , Z w ]>cv rgc ];Kv rgc ]rkKv rgc ]rgc hHl go ]g krLi h;k[nf Nd w q s q q q , \ q kt jdsy l hRi hIkN dS 4g krdl kt kukt Cgu hH Nd e uoht 4,g Cg s s s , q X u kuukt hH go ]g r>el kuukt eg ltf jkv 4g ;sKv Nd cl Xe uoht T s s , , q 4g rkc rhjiof hg yd , q ycf l ;®l g; 4g krdl kt kukt cl 6g Cgu 9ycSkuuv8 hH Nd ];sKv s , , s q hH Nd e uoht 4kxs;kt kg rkK hH go ]g Cgu rkK kt jkv g rkK Xeg q X s , s , , cl chjd7chjd df g k;yf y Z"d‘uf g; u henkv ]g xy u>el klS eg , s s T s s s e >el hjkeg ]e X X hjkdukt hjkeg ]e ukK jkeg3g s;x yH eg g; ]g hygi >cv dS uoht X s T w , s w 4g hy jd Ohi Gjr , hdlm ]g k;yf kIg kd suiv ueg lcl lm ]Cgu ok>yl Bkd kdltf 6g g , s s s q s , jr hd hygi kt e uoht ]g >cv kt e uoht ]g ;e¬of kt kd uoht ue s s X , w s X , s s g kurm ]g k;x krPc ukK kjkeg kurtf ]g ;x rkg jkn>el eg urtf 4 , \ T s s s s g hn k[ [kv hd u[n kd ;¬gj d uoht sueg hurm ]g ;x rkg ;˙l eg , s a s s s s T s s s urtf 4g k;x kyp krk[ tkj7tkj ;‘que [kv hd u[n kd ;¬gj d uoht s , s s s a s s s s `Cgu k; g [kv hd u[sn T X a s kd ;¬gj d uoht lki jkeg3g rkt yH kuNi eg uæi dS udfy 2g rN s s s T s w w z s T s i uæi jkl eg jGf jkv `g jev ke®kv ]g srNi jGf eg jkv `g joæB w z s , , T w , , T s w g rNi eg jGf jkv 2g hy jd jkdhxv krLt g; rfi d uoht ueg sld , , a \ z s s , 4kxkg g; ]g dofkHko¬ g; 4g krdl skg s , , Cgu Z;pækv kr kg k;yf kuc lkouf e j? jkeg u kokur jkv u kvkrpV s s X s s X , s X ]kg k;yf j? eg su /xn jkv u kvkog hnax ]kg k;x jH l hlknm jkv <wi s s X q , s X s s , Z jkd/v uoht kjkeg jxv cr jkv 2djd nc kd Xk[kv ]djd nc kd kjk} a , s a s a s a s X jkv k;dfL[f cl ]g Oc jrhH d gxkjkd hldf eg n;k' 4g nc ]Cgu y , X \ T s , s 1 T a s [ jk} d ;nÔ jkeg n;k' o3Sgfkp sy[ lt jk} d ;nÔ ]Sgfkp krdgkx q s s s q s , s z hlt ]Sgfkp 9hIofhIîljf8 hlt 4hd Cgu rt√v ueg n;k' ]Sgfkp kr_ki , s , s hl,t Syf d su[n kd ;¬gj dfk;D 2krLi Cgu h;k[nf eg ;¬gj go udfy s s s X \ X s 4g <i;¬gj r;®v ]g , Z w a , hH kt ]Nd hHl3dr k{o rN kd 'kdkv jdy l thc IkN dS ]dr tj s q X 1 s w s s s s s wl d 'kdkv jdy l jF®i l7IkN dS3g <i;¬gj hg uoht xel jkv 4g s s s s s s , Z w z , , hI¬ef hd uoht kt go3g l oHquv d ;¬gj d uoht /cl kygi kd e/ ≠ s , s s s a a Z 2g krki jd Cgu /≈e7_e eg Bkd ]g , q a X s , hry Ldi Cgu eg kunsol Bkd ]g hrjd Cgu ryfknkv kd k<ki jkeg hH s \ X a s , s a s X z s

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044 fo 81 egaP

4g eH kd ;pjfi go , z ]g krkt kg kni eH kd uukt eg e phc d q;®e jkv eüt e phc skt g; , s , z s X X s 1 , X 2g rkt kg knof jkv Tg rki T s s , s ukt Cgu hH Nd eg 4hF e <{ d eüt kgt ]g hrkg Cgo kurp hjkeg h q X s a , s s H <{ rje `g krkg rîkel jdukt k;D henkv 2g rkt kg kncf ukt Nd s , s T s s s q kucf eg hH cr ]g rje eg ct jkv 4g krn jd kL[ e dky hcutv d T s , , s \ X s S eüt 4hcutv ydycf ]jtI¬ ydycf ]g rkg kni uktuv ydycf eg q ≠X q T s s , q ]rkv Cgu Sg rukt hH Nd eg ]g rsy eüt eg kgt df g hg; Bkpl jkv s q s q T s a , , 4g rpfjfiv cl 4hH 'kdkv ]hH Ir ]h , H {o ]hH rj3g rpfjfiv cl 4g Cgu rpfjfi hH Nd kgt ]kg ;x jrm 1 s , , q a X s ikv e gxt uktuv dS jkv ji Ir d ykxjku kg h;x kjdI kdku hdik X , s s s , v l,t ]kg sL[ rfkH lb kg; df kxWd kuFki g; likv e e kunf uhr ub s X \ a a a Z z s T X X 4h;x hy jd jki hPhl hygi hd ku/kl kr ]g sr \ s T dl kg L[ jxv `g rdl kg L[ kd jH<{ ji hoƒi klo k;D ]kuktuv c s s \ T s s s \ s 1 , l ]rpfjfiv cl3jdkg uke ]jdkg dkov ]jdkg /≈qeof7;e¬of kx[n kd n s , s s s s s kp klt jkv kxjrm ji nkp henkv kygi `g rdl [n ikv klo k;D ]kxk a , , s a T s s , s g k[sn klt kd hoƒi sulm ]kxkg kjrm henkv kygi kt ji hoƒi `kg kukt , s 1 s s 1 s jkv kul uikv hg jkc eFi ]jkc hygi kl,t ]g rdl ul klS kd utx d , q s z T s q s s Z s jxkl ikv k;D `g Cgu rpfjfi hH Nd kgt ]kg s;kv jrm e dky rkKv , q a X X s dS hg jkc hygi ikv lt ]g rdl Oc rfkH lb lki d k{o ub ikv k;D s , T s , a s X 1 4Sgfkp kusy jd /çyim kd ;e¬of jkv Sgfkp kusn L s , s\ s kr kd eH d uukt lb kd d/kl 4g kgj jd rLf[ kd ;¬gj jkl d uo z s s s , a s s s ht ]g kri eg df L;IhIS xbku g; ]eH kd uukt g; 2g gj ukt eg d , X w . a s z s T s f g kgj >el go kd hlb jkv l rxt g kgj kt kyp krkg rpfjfi ;‘ue , s , s , s q 4g krsn jd kni eH kd ukK ;pjfi , , z 4g srukt eg df g k;x kg T , s kni eH g; güm l u[n tkj7tkj ]l ugj Iduf 4g ;x kg rpfjfi o ]Cg , z X s s s s s s s T s s s u `g rukt so k;D 2g krLi Cgu h;k[nf hH Nd güm ]g rgj kgo kt 4g T s , \ q X T s a s T rjd k_k; ]gjr hd yxki l jn xky3kd k;Lfkgi hd ;ykegf 2krL\i Cgu s s w s s X \ h;k[nf hH Nd kgo güm ]g rgj kgo kt 4g rkt ujd k_k; xky jheækd q a X T s a s T s s s 4kxLi h;k[nf Cgu hH s \ Nd kg; güm ]sxkg rgj Iduf kg; kt 2g rukt kxxy 6kxLi Cgu h;kuql q a X X s a s T s s s \ kdikv utx kd jxkl g; ]kxLi Cgu h;k[nf kdikv uo kd Wl g; rkt7sr s Z s \ s s kt 2jkv klji ]sx;kt kg rpfjfi jkv ikv yd ]g s;x kg rpfjfi ikv tk , X X s , T s v 4kxkg kLi ewyke kuktuv kl7kLkF ji Ir d jxkl lb ]e k{o sd Wl s \ s\ s X X 1 ub kr F s;kv ikv yd 4ji Ir d jxkl lb ]g Oc eg e uo d Wl lb s s s T s , X s
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044 fo 91 egaP

2g kgj jd rkc , X hg l suiv Nd jkv lki d k{o g krygI kgo jkguik' 4 jrhH d phxc s q , s X 1 , a s Œ s s k;x go jkv k;kOm kykH kuiv ]h;kOm uIyky huiv ulm 4g k;x kv u , s s , kd ;x rkj hurb df kvg ukjg hyke kd phxc 4kF kj/v hHv 4hF rkj , s q , s s a 4kF kvg k;x e phxc l7IkN dS ]sxkg tc uhr Bkd ]gcl dS3jkgusik' q X s s s s X s s q Œ 2g rukt kd uiv eg df g Syf T s s s T jd jkdho¬ eg udfy ]g Cgu jRm Bkd kd Xkuæi hnk;ufc jkp ub 4g kg s , s z q wa j kt Syf d kgd e df g rkK u ]g l kgd e df g rkK u ]g k;D e d s a T , wa s a T , wa T f g rkK u ]g ukd e df g rkK u 2g Cgu jRm Bkd kd rkc hldf udfy , wa , T , , s s `g Syf d kgd e ]g l kgd e ]g k;D e ]g ukd e 9`g krukt kd wa s a T wa s a T wa T wa , T wa s uiv e k;D8 df g; go ]Sgfkp kuy Ni l uiv kd ds;®i kt uæi kygi s T s w s s s z s z `g hrdl Pc sxkv ld k_k; hdlm ]kNi Cgu hg , \ s , w uæi ultf jkv ]kNi Cgu hg uæi hHd sueg 2kg krukt lt ]g krxy uht z s , w z s s , , s jkv suyp rfkH lb jkv 29kd suiv g krukt e8 df g kry jd hg jkdho¬ , a , s wa T , s rkc g; henkv jg 2Cgu hg rNi hHd3g ry jd hg jkdho¬ thp Nd eg s w T s s X q `l uiv suikv hHd kg kNi u n;k'3g srukt kd s s s w , s suiv ikv `g krdl kg kvg kukt jkv rpfjfi ld go ]jn l>e jkv g j , s q , s , w s q , , gkc je kt kr ]g uktuv jkv rpfjfiv hH go ]g jrhH jse kt ]g erId s s s s , , , s s , uf je kt `kxdl ukt k;D jkv e jGf 2g e df kt ]lm g krukt Cgu 4 s s s wa , T wa T s s wa wa g krukt Cgu hH kd uiv ]g krukt Cgu hH kd ;o¬ ]g jn kuukt kr jkv s s wa s a , w s , `g krukt k;D `Nd e g krukt ];kOm uæi go wa q T wa X z l suiv e Bkjgx `Nd g rukt eg3l suiv Ni 4g krukt Cgu e df3sl s X q T s s X w wa T ;pæuf ]l kr;ZHuf dl gd kt ]Xuc henkv go ikv df e g krgkp udfy s s s T wa s 4g krukt Cgu e df gd jkv s;kt gj ip k wa T s , q s t ;kt yef l tk[ henkv Bkd hg n;k' 2g krukt Te df kxgd g; go Xe s s s s s wa s krykg kukn jkv 4g Cgu joæB Cgu df kxgd k; 4g joæB ]kg3kxgd go X X s , , s , a s `g joæB3s;Nfi hH sl hldf , w 4g jkdgv kd uukt jkdgv kjgx7l7 , a s a s kjgx ]kxB hjgx7l7hjgx jrhH d ;‘ue 4g k;nf jd kni u uukt kt ]Xdl s s s q , , s s s LkN kd jkdgv lm uiv jkv jd lgkl eg kLkF jxv ]g krdl uc g; s\ s a s , X s\ , `g krdl uc g; k;D 4g rukt , T s Cgu hH Nd eg df ;kt uc –d kd uue jkv urpV jkv uk;÷ jkeg g; q s X , , s ];kt uc kl¬gf kd u'ILfe jkeg g; ]g kukt y kd uk;÷ ji lb 4g kuy s s s s , s s , s ukpgi ]g kusy Ldi kd uihcutv lb ]kd lutI¬ lb ]kd uiuktuv lb , \ s s s ≠X s s 4g krukt Cgu kd hldf hH Bkd 2g krukt kd _ef Te ]g , s s wa s , krpkl _ef 2kd rfi e g hrpkl hu®i 6g krukt kd Ic e ]g krpkl ikc s s T , s wa s s s T , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 02 egaP

4 g hrkt hikF jiM d henkv k;rfkt cl 4krkg Cgu kni e rfkt hldf hen T s s a s , X kv 4g O> ydycf hH eku so 2g [j kdipf hH eku d k;rfkt ueg jkv T s w q T s s X s , 4g krkg Cgu kni jdy e , s , s ku Bkd henkv 4g O> ydycf hH eku o 2g Bkd Bkd ]g <‘Î Bkd ]g e s T s w q s , s s , s , kj Bkd 4g [j kdipf ycy jkv eku Ow> hH lkilkv d henkv ueg jkv s T s s , s s s , 2g l kg; e df dl gd eg dfkr ud wa s a T X fy ]g Cgu hH Cgd ji uhet kt ]Sk[j hO> 2hd kdhjev jkv hd lW jkv s , s a s w , , ]hd uhp jkv hd rjkH3g h[j pC[ aSk[j hO> hH ji uhet ueg udfy , T s w s s `kdldf ]'n g kl7ukd `e/ kd hldf g s , , Z , k;D `rfkt hd hldf g k;D `kd hldf eku g k;D 4g hlt uil jkv ri¥ , , , , s , fd kF¬o;ø hjkl hjkeg ]g hO> kF¬o;ø hjkl hjkeg jkv 4g ukd e df sdl , w , wa , T kt kukpgi g; rfkH ltf ]g k;yf jd ektrb Nd ueg j,kv 2g Skjiji a , a q s T a a 'o hjkeg 6g eku dum ]g ikc7ke jkeg 6g 'n kjkeg ]g e/ kjkeg ]g r a T s T a s , s , Z , fkt hjkeg ]g eku kjkeg kr3henkv g; g ukd df dl kt k;df rxfb Xeg , s , , s a 2g k;yf kuc ' , n kuiv ]g k;yf kuc e/ kuiv ]g hy kuc rfkt huiv ]g Syf [j eku u s , Z , , s iv ueg 4g rukt kd suiv eg df sxy klS eg lltf ]g ;yf jd ;kim s T s s s X s T s Nd ueg 4g k;yf jd utk;kv kd uukt jkv uukpgi kd uiv Nd 4g q s , s s , s s s q , hy jd kF¬o;ø Nd sueg Syflb ]xy uLi eyke u yxki eg Cgd udfy q X s \ w s 4g , Cgu ykol Bkd kd uiyxki elb 4g Cgu kri kd henkv df g u'Splf u s X , s , q e;g g; ]g rfF¬f hd ;‘que g; kr g Cgu kri kdikv jxv udfy 4g rd q , s , s s T s l kg yxki ikv kr g kri kdikv df g eH kdikv k; g kri kdikv jxv s s , s , z s , s `yxki kF ukd 4kF Cgu kri ltf ]henkv go k; kF yxki hyke udfy 4Cgu kri hH , s s kurb ltf ]henkv g; g hg yxki df kxkg k>el u hyke lm hg rpæfuf s , s s 92g k;kv Syfldf wa df Cgu kri >e hH kdlm `kg ;kv Syfldf ]kg rNi 4g Felv hH e 2 s q s s s s w wa Z T g k;kv l kgd df kdl krc Cgu henkv Bkd dr tkv `kg s;kv l kgd skg , s a s s s a srNi 2g ukd df kyef Cgu jRm >e dr cv ]rNi7rNi >e k;x kg jH w wa , s q s w s w s q s hxntf `kg ukd ]kg rNi 4k;ki n Cgu henkv Bkd dr tkv jRm kdut a s , s s w s s f ]kg rNi uæi uOfd lsS er8 ]kgd ulm jkv kxy ulg l jkt jkgusik' s s w z s q s , s a s s Œ 9`kg rgkp k;D ]kg s;kv Syfldf ]kg ;kv sl k s s s s s a gd ]kg ukd8 df kNi jkv hn tkokv jdkg L[ hg l jn ulm 2g kgj jd s , w , s s \ s w s , rkc l suiv kydv ]g k;kv l? yxki Bkd jWt df kvg d' kd hyke lm X s s , q s q s
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df g rkt yH eg 4g krkt kg kni ;pjfi l ukt s;kjgkn jrjuf 4l kn T s w , s , s s s a s X ç' g rkt kg rpfjfi eg ]g krkt kg Wq' kukg kni eH g; l uy kjgkn j T s s , s s , z s s s s kc7jkc dfk;D 4g rkjgkn eg lm ]g rukt Cgu eg ltf 4g krukt sltf X T s s s T s s , ]krkjgkn Cgu hHd Bkd `g rjWt k;D hd sukjgkn tkj7tkj lb kr g ‰c s s , s s s s s wa z e df ]9e¬fk‰c gv83g kri g; jxv ]g ke®keji e df g eyke g; jxv T z a , wa T , w 2g rkK , go df g rgkp kujd kni eH g; eg jd kjgkn7kjgkn lm ]g Cgu rkK kt T s , z s s s , s 4g krkjgkn Cgu Bkd hHd lm ]g rkK kt `g rjWt k , s s s , s , ;D hd ujd Ihijf ]hd ukjgkn jdOc lb tkj7tkj kr g ke®kv 0qc70' ik s s s , s s s s T q v df g hg rkK kdikv g; jxv ]kNi kdum e jGf `g nç' Sg s[hl jkv , s w s T T q , nç' Sg sul df k; `g ke®kv 0c70' ikv df g ukK kdikv g; ]g oHu q q T q q , , q v kdikv g; `g rkK kdikv rkc ; `g kri kdikv rkc s; ]kgd lum uTe T s X s T s X s s 2g rjd u'ILfe eg g; ]g rjd uk;÷ e T s s s T s g g; 4g ke®kv e 4g Cgu ue e 4g Cgu jhj' e 4Cgu q;®e Bkd hjse wa T wa T wa T 1 s 4g uoht rev e 4g ke®kv 0c70' e 4g ke®keji iWo¬ nukv7rpf7 wa 1 T wa q q T wa a rl e df g krpkl hg; e rkdS jdO,c ]sxy ugd `g rjd ku/kl k;D ]g T wa s X a s T s T rjd uk;÷ k;D df kNi lum ue 4;kv lki je Sg unf Nd hlk;ül dS s w s s T s s s q q a 2g rjd uk;÷ eg ji knç' ub 2g rkt Oc jdLdi T s X T s , \ eg skd knç' ub 4g rkt yp ;kjgkn eg kd knç' ub udfy 4g Cgu kri X T s s s s s X s , X eg hH Nd3Cgu kri eg hH ukK g; 4g ukK ri¥fd jkv kvg kLdi kd q X , , q \ henkv hH ukK g; 2g k;yf [yf k;D7k;D eyke u e j/v ]e rkKv ueg , w X s s a X s 2g rkt yp {ke so ]g rkt kg 0q' kt xky o 2g du ]g xo¬ 2xkg eüt T s s s T s s s s s , Z , Z s X sxkv 2g yG d ked 2F eüt yNif je 2g jev ke®kv 2g ke®kv jrhH T s ˜ s s s s , , s s je ]kxgd go `g ukd jrhH dikv df XNi l hldf 2g k[j kuc hH ;pjf s , , s w s , i kd jrhH su henkv ]g k[j kuc ;pjfi kd jiM u henkv yod u udfy , s s s 4g rpfjfiv ]g huktuv ]g rkKv hH jgy hd uoht d T T T X s X k;efnkv hg lo ]g rkKv jkv rpfjfiv jkv ekuv huki kd jxkl g; sl s , , , , , T t ]g rkKv jkr7nkp d 'kdkv s; l,t ]g rkKv {o ; lt ]g rkKv dk> s a s s T 1 s s , T s X d kvkog ; l,t 4g rkKv ydycf e ]Cgu ;pjfi kje 6g Cgu 'sn Bkd s X s s wa q T s , s kje 4g Cgu rfkt Bkd hje ]g Cgu eku Bkd kje df dhO7dhO Sgfkp kuy s , s s , s s s ukt lm 4Sgfkp kun Lktm kukd g; ]Sgfkp kun Lkr eH g; kd d/kl s s \ s s s\ z s 4g T srkt kg I‘u jkv g rht eg e eH hlb 4g rukt kd uiv eg df ,g k;yf s , T s X z T s s s jd kni eH klS jkv ]kd ukK g k;yf kuc kukd kl7kIkN dS ueg udfy , z s , , s s s s 4kF eku Bkd kd ikc7ke dum u ]kF eku Bkd kd ikc7ke dum u s a s s a s ]kF eku Bkd kdum u 2g [j Lkt Fkl suiv hH eku d ikc7ke ueg jkv s T s s\ s a s ,
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`kjkeg g k;D Lbke Gkv II¬ `g k;D k'n dofr¬ko hd , a s , Rpf `g k;D rfF¬f dofr¬ko hd ;‘ue sygi 4krdl kg Cgu kni ukK ]g , q s , , krkg kni eH kd ukK lub 4kukjgkn re ikv rkc hd gjr lb hH jdyH s , z s s X w `g krgkp kugd k;D slikv Te wa 4hr dl kg Cgu ;®l e <jp erfv go ]hF ;®lv e <jp ygi rkc kt udfy s X a X s s s 49g g; e8 df g krkt kg kni eH kr gj krkjgkn jH uoht henkv dS wa T , s , z s s s 4g go e ]g g; e ]g ke®kv e ]g ke®keji e ]g joæB e df kvkjgkn j wa T wa T wa T wa T wa T s s dOc 4g kgj kt k;k[lf Syf d ukjgkn rkc Nd kd henkv l k"o kjktg , , s s s X q s s ˜ X 2kx;kt k s s g kni ukK kdikv l ukjgkn jkv 2gj rkjgkn ]gj rkjgkn kdub jkv ;kjg , s s s s , X s s X s s s , X kn rkc s; 2ukt rfkH lb kd suiv ikv df g kgj kt k;k[lf g; jrjuf Xe s X X a s , a k;ufn udfy 4g rfF¬fr¬o hjkeg kuukt u 4rukt Cgu ikv df g kgj C q s , q s wa gu k[lf kdikv e g; 4g IfyvpDG dS ]g ;ƒr dS kuukt u kjkeg g; s T , q s , 4g ;®l ukKv g , ; dfk;D ]g hrdl kg k_k; kr l /kc I‘i¬ d ukKv lb 4Sgfkp kukt kg X , s s s s s s I‘i¬ ukKv g; kjkeg l iW defFki kr g kukOm end hH Bkd e k'nf hd s z s , s X ;®l jxv 4g kri Bkd eg kd jrhH u ]g kri Bkd kd jhj' eg u 2g , s X , s X , k;yf kuc ;pjfi hH kd jrhH sueg ]g k;yf kuc ;pjfi hH kd jhj' ueg , s 4g krkt kg kn,i eH l suy kjgkn jrjuf ]l uy kjgkn , s z s s s a s s s s jkc7jkc lm 4g rdl uke hH Nd eg 4g k;yf uke ;®l ueg jd kjg s T s q , s kn7kjgkn kdutf ]g ;®lv ;x ;kjgkn gjr hlb o ]g rukt eg ;®l urtf s s s T s s s s T s s 4g krxy ukg rhri ;®l l sun kjgkn jkc7jkc ;®lv hH Bkd , s s z s s s s 4g k[yf hg dhO 4dl kt k;kuc u ;®l l un kjgkn jkc7jkc sltf , s s s s s ]g Cgu ;®lv hH Bkd klS df g k[yf e kFde®kv huiv u jyIgf G¥kLS , s s , X s s 2g rjd T s ;kim kd ukjgkn skr g rgkp kun k[k/ hH kd uiv 2g rjd ;kim kd uk s s T s s s s s T s s jgkn eg kr g rgkp kun k[k/ ct hH kd kjln eg 4g rkjgkn eg udfy s s T s s s s X w T s s s 4g krkt uc Cgu ukK l uy kjgkn , s s s s jkc jktg ukKv jkv 4g krkt kg Cgu pl l uy kjgkn jkc jktg O> `k , , s s s s s w xskg k;D llb ]Mkjgkn jkc jktg e kr kF Cgu kri hg jkc hygi >qe jxv s a s T s s 4d eH ;kolf g krkt y Cgu hH Cgd u'hIhijf s z , s 4g hrdl kg Cgu rkK go l uy kjgkn jkc lkpi kr , s s s s s s hF Cgu rkK eg ct hg rkc hygi udfy 4g eyke eg df g krxy klS X s , w X , s nkc d ugd jkc lkpi 4kF Cgu kri eg kr kF kgd ueg ct jkc hygi s s X s s
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Bkd dlm ]Cgu <‘Î Bkd dlm ]Cgu ukjd Bkd kdlm ]Cgu krhx Bkd hd s s s s q s s lm 4krdl kg Cgu _¬k' Bkd ]krdl kg Cgu ;knil hH Nd kr kd hukKv s s s z a q s 4g rdl kg ;knil ]g rdl kg rk0lf ]g rdl kg _¬k' d k;ufkK T s s z a T s s a T s s s X `g krdl kg _¬k' kl7ukd kd hukKv 4g h , s , , rdl kg hGlkyGf hl7ukd ]g krdl kg e/ kl7ukd kd hukKv 4g Han d s , , s Z , T s k;ufkK cl so 4BklB u ]u,t u ]ukeyle u ]g rkt gj ngf ikv u jGf k X q T s w a s r 4 g rukt Cgu eg ]g ukKv kjkeg df ;kt kv <je¬ g; jxv hH jkv T s , s , 4g rdl Pc xkv Cgd eg kr llm ]g krdofr¬ T s \ s s s , ko hd ;‘ue kt ]g IfyvpDS kt ]g rfF¬f dofr¬ko kt 4g krdl kt Cgu q s , q s , s , hHd Bkd dr ;®l l krk0lf 4g krdl kt k;kt dr ;®l l ;ƒr dfk;D s s X a , s X `g gxkv kurb kje ji lb k;D , z s X 4g rukt Cgu hH Nd eg 4g rukt Cgu eg df rfÎho¬ T s q T s hygi3jkdho¬ kygi kd rfF¬f hnk;ufc hd ukKv uiv kr g kukOm end h q s s , H Bkd Gjr hd ;®l d uoht kdikv jxv ]g krgkp kugd likv e udfy s s s wa s T s 4g krkv jH kl¬ , q , , x jkv g krsn jd jkdub Bkd kl7kjt 4g krkt jH l /k∂ go kr 4g kr s , s s s , xy uLm ycy jkv kdk> kd kog kl7kjt 4g h[j kdipf ulm rkc hjkl s \ s , X T s X hd ukK jiM d ukKv lm jkv g hnk;ufc ukKv ]g kjgx ukKv kd henkv s , , q , 2g hgkox Bkd ]g luIof Bkd ]g h{kl Bkd ]kusn kx , s , s s , s y xkv e knt¬fe jkv kjnfe df lt 2g Ie;≈kv Bkd ]g dr Bkd kun jd X X , X a s , , X wZ s , Z s s k;®g hd hldf df l,t 2kd suukt g <kei Bkd jkoyr df lt 4g hryp s T z s s , T jkoyr kr kg rukt ryx jkv kg rukt Cgu er ]Cgu df k;nf gd u hl X s s s , s s q s df jxv j,kv g rukt eg df g kgj krjd kokn g; e/ jg 4BkLy hg dS T s , Z \ `g gj rjd BkLy hl7ukd dr tkv e/ d jH k;ufqn T s s \ , Z s 4g rkt kg jk;r kd ujd nkoof eg ]g rkt kg Wkrm T s s , s s T s s kd uLy eg 4g rkt Li e ydæfe eg kr g krn Lk?m kni kl7kjt Bkd s s \ T s \ X q s , s \ Z s 4g k[j kiNf jrhH jd dkP ni l rgc ueg ltf ]jrhH g Sg s;kiNf e , a s q s s T q g kt ]g krsn Lk?m Bkpl hjkeg go df g hrxy Syfhlb n;k' hH Ikp g; s , \ , s `Ikp g; g hrxy k;D s , X 4g rukt ryx ikv df g krn gd Bkd k; g rukt T s , s s T s Cgu ikv df g krn gd g; Bkd ct ]g hrxy cr kd jkdgv jkeg Ikp h , s s , s a s s Lc lcl 2g rkt kg jk;r kd uL\y eg ]rukt Cgu ikv df n gd e rkc \ s T s s , s s s s X hldf Bkd 4g rukt Cgu ikv df n gd leg jxv Bkd ]g rkt kg jk;r s T s s s s T s s , kd uLy eg 4g krjd jkdho¬v kd ukKv go df g; go ]g jkdho¬v kt s s \ , s , s kjgx l jgx kd henkv 4krgkp kujd Cgu jkdho¬ kd ukKv henkv udfy s s s s 4g Cgu kri hH Nd eg ]rukt Cgu eg df g hurb rkc Gkl jkv h/hl , q X s , ,
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4ukK kdl uc Cgu k;Pfhl phc d ;‘ue jkv ke®kej a \ s q , i 4g Bg hL[ Sk/kc phc d ;‘que jkv ke®keji 4g kpgi Cgu hH Cgd j T q \ a s , , qa kv g kvg rrfi l k{'f lm ;‘que jkv 4g hdp kt hn rgc kd ;‘ue k{ , , q s , , q q s q 'f hd ukK 4d ko–im ;kolf ]g k;x y Cgu hH Cgd kd ;‘ue ukK 4g s X , s s q , kdp kt k;k[lf rgc ukK 4g krk[lf ukKv e df g krgd l k_ef kr Te q q wa T wa s X s 4;kt II s w yk[ hd suukt g; ct ]g krdl kg hHr nkol l uoht jkv 4Sgfkp u'd s , s a s , s uf;éd l uoht 4g kusy jd /çyim liko nkol g; kd d/kl 4g krkt k q s , a s , s g nc nkol 4g krkt kg nc un7uy kdlm l uoht 4g rkt II /acl sdl a a , s a s s s T s w a m l rxt jGf 4g krkt kg nc jrhH dlm henkv 4g krn jd hL[ ykoh s , s a s , s \ n rcte hd gky ]g krn jd hL[ yk[ ]g krn jd hL[ ykohn lkilkv d w s s , s \ s , s \ s ;‘ue hg Hn kd uukt 4Cgu Hn kd yko uukt ]g [kv hd ;e¬of jrhH q a s a s s , a `k;D X 4g krkg rhri <jk/klv rfv ]g krLi h;k[nf <jk/kl rfv eg kt ]Nd , s z , \ X s q cl g; 4g hrLi ewyke hl,t hnkp rgc hunkp g; 4g hrLi eyke e<√ , \ a q a , \ w o¬ rgc i/ g; 4g krLi eyke kvg kjH l ufo÷ rgc ]l rhx rgc ]kvg q w , \ w q s q s q q kjH l xj rgc rxt Syf d kpπc 2g hrn kjd I‘ofi e kF¬ov hjln hl s a q s X , s z X w df ]e uoht jln hldf güm hRi Bg hrygf hl7hIkN dS 2g krkt y e kd X s w X q s , s X X s s ky lsS Cgüdf ]rhx kd h{i l IkN dS ]g rn jH l ;e¬of lS jF®i jkn s s s T s s s s s dep l <jk/kl kd kpπc IkN7IkN 4g L[ pπc kgt ]g krkt kg kL[ akg s s X s s s s T s \ s a , s \ o jGf ]kd rfe¬ g krsn Nki 4g krkt kg /çyim kd uipc l jGf d/kl s 1 , X , s s s 4g pl kuukt7u kd kpπc jkv 6g O> kuukt kd kPc udfy 4g , X , , w X w\ s T rukt Pc 6g rukt Cgu pπc ]g dG hg dS `g dG k;D e pπc jkv sPc s s w\ T s s , Z , Z X s , w\ 4g rkt kg rfkH h T s s a d pπc IkN dS ydycf ikv 4Cgu ;pjfi Bkd kdikv kdltf ]g owirHv s s s q s s , Z w s kt ]g hrkg W' hukg kni kreuof dS ]hIyfefÍ dS 6g krukt e df g k , s q s , z q wa T , rkt II eH g; hg lt 4kg u ezH kd ukK ltf ]g krdl kg hgo nkoo√uf w z s , s s , s 4kxje e nkoof ]kxgj e nkoof 4g e nkoof hukK jg s X s X , X 4g e , X nkoof go ]g krukt e df g yk;“ g; kdlm jxv ]krjd Cgu nkoof e d wa T , s T f gd hg kurdf Bkd 4g krdl kg Cgu hH Bkd rDe l nkoof dr cr ]g s s , s s q s , kokn kd ukK dr ct ]gj <je¬ jkv rDf;ø kvg kL[ e nkoo√uf klS 4C s , q \ X s gu nkoof Bkd kdlm ]Cgu /kjof Bkd kdlm ]Cgu kokn kdlm ]Cgu jknokn s s s s go Syflb 4g krukt Cgu e df g kugd hg dS kr kdlm 4Cgu jhokge wa T , s
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ukg hgo ]g kgd u l;'f;©ud kt df okx7okx g rjGf srk>el l unf ur s , s w s a a T s s s df kr eg 4s;x jxf er Syflb ]g Cgu ykohn ji Sd lb 4dl u jxf B s q , a q s kd dfkr ]Sgfkp hukg ykohn 6Sgfkp kukg Iki ]Sgfkp kukg Ik? jiM d S s s s s s a d jg df g kvg k[yf e ckrdf huiv u l;'fw;©ud ]_ef je8 ]kgd ulm q , q X s s s s 4g k[n jd , s dk> hH sulm 4hul tkokv hH ulm 4k;x kv hlk;ül kyko uuke kd l; a q s a s s 'f;©ud dS ]dke u;'f;©ud dS l sNhi df g k;ki Cgu hH kt xkv go w a w s , s 4krkg Cgu hH Bkd jkOd kn s s s k;† l d'nim 2k;x Pc sxkv jdsn 'snim kd henkv lm go 2g hgj L\i h; s s \ s , k[nf krjklv hd uoht lm 2g kgj Li h;k[nf rk0lf kd ed lm 4g kgj s , \ a Z s , Li Cgu h;k[nf lm go ]g kgj cL henkv go 2;x kv _¬k' Sg sukt sdl \ s , w s q m e phc dfk;D ]kLi Cgu h;k[nf lm henkv kvg krje uekl go 4kF kr X X \ s q s ukt go 4kgd hgo ]g k[yf e k_¬k' kt 4Cgd Cgu rkc ryx u {Hf lm , X X s X s q 2k;x Pc xkv jdhi huki kr {Hf go \ s s q 4kjd re ''fkd hd uyduf F;ø cv 4sxkvkt kg rDe l ykt d Zed kr s s s Z s s q s s s s ky xkH kd yG 4g krLi hg kuxkH yG kuiv 4kg jxf hH er Syflb s s , \ s s s q 4e Sd kxkg k;kjxf e eüt hldf kd hldf suer 4g krkg <jkd d yG7Ze X a q s X s q , s s d d keüt yNif go ]g krkg hH kt e uoht df g kgd hH g; u ukoxH s X s , s s X , s jGf 4g [n hg [n Gjr cl `sxkjd k;D hH jdyduf 4g kLhi dS kr u , q q s , \ s oht 4g [n uoht ]g kgd su 0c 4g [n uoht ]g kgd u ukoxH 4g [ , q , q , q , s , qn dS uoht 4Syf d uyduf kg gj kg uk'ji F;ø k;D ]kgd u {Hf lm s s s s s s Z X s q 4g gj kt IN hH Fkg je cv 4jd ;kim T s s w s s X Bkd 4g kgj kt kje e 4Xy ykduf jgkc >e ht{Hf df ]kxy uky¥pf h s wa T s q q s enkv go 4k[n sphu jddq> dlm 4g hgj kv tkokv l phu 4g kd> kd s s , s s , q s suhi huki ]g kyduf l lki d Sd lm {Hf 0kc dS udfy 4Li h;kuql k , s s a q q , s s \ s dldf ]g yqxjk' rgc e sye udfsy 4g krukt Cgu kujr henkv go jkv , s q X s , , , ]g kjgx kvd 4g Sg yHl gjr hldf ]g Sg Ldi kd kIb gjr hldf go , qa , q s a , q s \ s X 4g kgj kt kcL e ]g kgj cL e 4ky ykduf jgkc >e ]ky ykduf >e d wa w T wa w T s s q s s q f3g kgj ky¥pf go jkv g kLi jxf henkv dS e Sd dS hg lki d ye , , , \ X a q s s s lm jkv 4g kvg kxy kye kLc rgc dS 4g jdrfhi rgc >e kuI? dS , , q s \ q , z q s q 4g krjd jkOd ukK 4g jkOd rfv hukK 2C;kojd Sk;®g hurb jkv Cd , s , s a , a Sk;®g hurb u k;ufkK 4rdl Cgu hg yef henkv jkOd knk;† l k;ufkK s X s s s X 4g uOfd utk[ henkv jkOd knk;† l k;ufkK T s s s s X 4g krkt kg r“l jkv jkOd ;nÔ 4,g hrkt , s , s kg I‘u kreuof hjkl ]g krn jH l jkdgv urb yk;“ kd uukt dfk;D s z , s s a s s X 4g rdl ukt Cgu 4g k;ki kg Fel e uukt kd uoht hHd hg n;k' hukK T s , s Z X s s

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044 fo 62 egaP

s u I¬bk∂ llht 4krgj rpfo l ;≤i e kr rjxf u e Sd er 4g ji > a s q T s s X a q q , q e hjkgér ]Cgu ji er hje kiÎ8 ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg hju'ef BklB go q q s s s a 9 4k;df kNπv rgc uer ]g kiÎ hLc hjkgéqr 2g q s q , \ , kgj kyp uyknkv ]kvg kL[ ji pe k[n go 2g k;x kyp ukyp uyknkv8 s a q \ a s s , s s a 2k;x yduf {Hf kyko suuke kd l;'fw;©ud dS ]kvg krn 'nim k;x yd q s q s s uf {Hf 0kc dS 4Li h;k[nf >e henkv dS hg er8 ]kgd u henkv lm q , s \ s q q s 4k;ky jgkc jdykduf kd henkv lm ]e Sd knd go ]hdG phu hl¬j s X a q w X s s ulm 2kF Sg [j hl¬j e yk> uiv go 2hykduf hl¬j l Xe yk> huiv 2jk q s X s s s s s s s rm sLid uiv l hn¥t sulm ]g hul ulm tkokv l phu 4g kjtx l kgo \ s s , q s s s , q s a hjnki BklB dS `sul ukd e ye lm udfy 4g kgj hg ky¥pf henkv go q , X s s s , 2g kgj k[nf kd kxky jdyk[ ckr , s X s s df huiv go 4g kvg k[yf e ckrdf su l;'f;©ud 4g <{y g; kd ;†k , q X w , j sNπv 4Sgfkp kukg Iki ji aSd jg 4sxLi uy> [n rgc kd rfkt7;‘ue s q X \ s s q q s q dr cr ]kruc Cgu Iki ji kvd dr ct ]k[n df kgd ulm jkv Syf j X q s s s , d Ødb xky kjktg e ye ulm 4k;x kg kL[ ji pe jdkt {Hf kyko u s s X X s s s s \ a q s uke kd l;'f;©ud go jkv kgj krky¥pf henkv go ]kgj krcL henkv go s w , w 2Sgfkp hupc kr;‘ue udfsy ]s;kt kg uknyfc kd ;‘ue dS7dS 2Cgu ∂Gf Bkd hd q s q s uknyfc d ;‘ue 2Sgfkp hupc kr;‘ue df g rgd yko uuke kd k_¬k' s q q T s s s s X o udfsy 4g kryef ;‘que k'eg l utk[ 4kr;‘ue g h[yf e k_¬k' 4d s , s s s s q , X X s nç' ;kolf g Cgu hH Cgd thp hl,t IfufefÍ ]hryef Cgu Cgd r;efnkv , q 4g kryef henkv ]g kryef hH kgt 2d knç' ;kolf g Cgu hH Cgd r;e , , a s X , fnkv j,kv g hd r;efnkv kr rehd 4g Cgu rehd Bkd hd henkv dS7dS , s , s 4kje er 4kx;kv _ardk s q s s y e k;ufn 2kxs;kv nko;ékl ]kx;kv nkotkel3kxs;kv uyknkv kLc sllb 2 X q s s a \ kvkt je er ]kg nhg' er df g rkuc [e hg lß kd kxky kru d k;ufqn s q s q T s Z w s s X s s s 92kg s nhg' er 2hn kojd rkvQ' hd uyknkv uer df k>el ;ü/ kd uiv er q q s a s q s s s q 4g ykol Syf dcl 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd l uht7uje d henkv dS 4g , s \ Z s s s s s , ykol kd unkut7krut kr g; 4g Cgu ykol kjkgér8 ]kgd u henkv lm Z s , q s 9 4ky ykdu s f s>e ygi 4kxMkt je e dr cr udfsy 4g dhO cl go8 df kgd ulm q s a T , s 9 4g gj jxf xky ]g C T s s T gu ykohn e ;†kj jkgér 4dl u jxf Bkd dfkr ]Sgfkp hukg ykohn ji S X X s q s s s a d jg df g kgd u l;'f;©ud df sxgd eg 4xX;kt lki d ktkj eg 4kx q , s w X s s a Mk>el kd kxky e 4kxWd uyknkv jdkt e ]re kvkjc? er 4Sgfkp k s X s T a s a T s q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 72 egaP

2k;x kg lk? kr e ]kgd u yked u s s T s dfy ]k;kv Cgu k; k;kv n;k' e >el hd jhcd 2k;x kg lk? kr e3krIk s X s s T d kdldf ukd jGf 2g lk? hH e ]g kl¬gf dS kd lk? hH e df kF kgj s , wa T wa T pkl kr e 4g yked e df kyp kri >e kr k;kygf >e uer jkv ;kv e s s T wa T s q s s q s q , s r 4l lk? k;x kg /cl hH kje 4kxy sue> hH e df hF hre> Xe nukv q s s a a s w T w a surb lk? jkv CF htkr hurb aSkog ]hF hgj kg k"o e<√o¬ hlß hd tjwl , s Z 4hF hrew> lk? e naukv surb ]kg; k;kv ct e 4k;x kg Felv e uIkd X a T s Z X s e df kgd sulm ]hyk[ [kv sulm 4hF nc [kv hdlm 4hyk[ X[kv ulm T s a a X a s a s 92g , kgj jd k;D g; ]yxki8 ]kgd jkv kLdi lm jdkt u jhcd 2g kgj ygf F , \ s s , kl dlm hH yked 4g gj kygf kd lk? dk> d kvkog 2g kL[ e phc d s T s s s X s X , \ X s lk? yx7syx yked kgo 4s;x e yxt Sg rtk[ jhcd jGf `g kgd go s a X a q s s , a 4hF huky[f kd ;kx ]hF rjWt ]kF ktH uIkd lk? 2g kxy u s s s , s jd k;D yked df kgd ulm jGf 4hxy ukg >kl jGf 4g kgj [n kr¬kj s s s a , s ]g kgj [n kr¬kj jhcd 4h;kv kg jgikn ]kF k;x gcl 4k;x yxt yked , s s s q a 9 4ky Ikd lk? hLs\kF sl yxat kt8 ]yked df kgd su jhcd gcl dS 4yked3kF kdLy kd jhcd q \ `g kd un k/kc ukd jGf ]jGf g krdkj ukd 4<{ hlb3g krdl kg , s s s , , s , , s /cl <{ hlb 4g krdl kg nkol <{ hlb kr kr ]g rdl Lt eg kr kr a a , s a s s T s q\ s s 4Cgu kF;üv ]g krdl kg /cl l uoht kr kr 4g krukt Cgu hH Nd Te , s a a s s s wa q s , lt ]Sgfkp kukt kg L[ lß jkv hd uukt Sgfkp hun kjxf Ib dS7dS s s \ s , s s 4Sgfkp hun kjxf ]Sgfkp hun Lkr l hegjc hLc ykohn hd ukK kd d/kl s s s\ s s \ s 2g ykohn hd ukK phc d T X s ke®keji jkv ;‘ue 2g ykohn hd ukK phc d Xk–el jkv ;‘ue 2g ykohn , q T X s q , q T X hd ukK phc d k{o jkv ;‘ue 2g ykohn hd ukK phc d ;‘ue jkv ;‘ue s X 1 , q T X s q , q 4g ukK kuiv kdcl 4g rk0lf suiv ]g ckrdf huiv hdcl 2krLi Cgu , T a T X \ h;k[nf kd hldf henkv g; 2g Cgu cyre hH kd hldf l henkv lb 4kF s , s s X e hryx go kr g hd k;n ji >e ulb n;k' df kxkg kpkl u henkv lm s , q s s s s 9 4g kvg k[yf e ckrdf hjkeg 4dl kt {ke eg , q X X s dfkr ]ku[j s;kuc kiÎ hg hlß k'eg 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd uki {ke d s , s s s s kol kucf dfk;D ]g hd kiÎ ji >e uer 2;kt jxf e Sd Bkd Cgd df s X , q s q s X a q s g kr[j lki suiv k'eg hl¬j Syflb ]g krjGf7kre? e ''fkd hlb kr Te wa s wa w X s s 4Wd tkyb e kr ;kt kg hPs\kd Bkd Cgd ]Mkv y kon e kr ;kt IG [ a T s X s s a s T s X w X kv hd hldf Cgd ]Wd kol e kr s;kt kg jkehc Bkd Cgd 4Mkt nd e k a a s T s s s a w T s r Li jxf e Sd Bkd Cgd df g krgj e 'kyr hlb e 4g kgj tk[ kd k s \ X a q s wa X T wa s s e®keji e ]g xke kd upgi dr ke®keji hg kol3lo√l `Cgu kri g kgd T , Z s qa s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 82 egaP

4g nk;ufcc endS ukK , q s 4xdl gj Cgu L[ ]x;kt jxf <{®r o kr kuy Nwi lum s X s \ s X s s s s kurb `g k;rfHuv hje k; g rk0lf ]g nç' ; 4g [hl l _¬k' ue ; T a w q s T a T s T s s s T s `g krukt e k; g [hl jd Pi ]g [hl jd ul ue s;3kuy [ji kd krk0 wa T T s \ T s q s T s s X a lf um kLkF kr 4g rukt ]kg df gd jkv ;kt kg L[ e phc rk0lf Sg s\ s T s a X , X s s \ X a q ukt ]g krdl kg 4g rukt Cgu ]Cgu df kx;kv jRm l jrhH `g krukt s , s T s s s wa T e k;D3g rjWt hd usy Ni jkc7jkc l suiv g; 9`g krukt e k;D8 4g , s w s wa T , rjWt hd u>el rfF¬fr¬o huiv ]e ydv ]e rkdS kr Syf d /kc lb s q X s s X a s s s `kxyef ld /kc g; s s , s 4 g rdl yef rk0lf jkv nç' cl kgo dfXk;D ]g rjWt hd kxl®l Syf d T s a , a , X a s /kc d ukKv lb u `kxsyef ld /kc kd ukKv 4g krdl yef ukK lki s s s , s , d kvQqx dfk;D ]g rjWt Bkd hd ukt lki d kvQx Cgüdf Syf d ujd r s X X , s s s X q s s îki kd /kc lb u 4krkg Cgu hH Nd jkv d BkuOfd ;kolf e uki /kc g z s s s q , s X s s ; güm ]g ry Pi e k_¬k' kt dfk;D ]g rjWt hd uPi kd k_¬k' skr u S X T s s \ X X s X , s \ s X yf d /kc lb 2/kc kd ukKv 4/kc kd ukKv g _l kygi Syf d d/kl s s s s , w s 4hrdl kg Cgu hH Cgd ]g Cgu hH Cgd rDjfrfv d ukKv k s , s reuof jkv Syf d suukt Sgfkp kreuof udfy 4kx;kt kg hH kuukt unf z , s z s s s hldf ]sxdl hH ukt unf hldf so 4h;x kg W' rfx hdum Gjr hd uukt X s q s ]g rukt Cgu df g ry ukt kt xky o 4k;yf kOm end kygi Gjr hd T s T s s s s s ukK sulm ]g krukpgi kd ukKv uiv kt df g rkc hd ;¬gj Lc g; jkv , s s s , s \ , 4y ukpgi lb ]y ukt lb ]g X s X s T hukKv 4;kt kg hukKv ]g krgkp kugd g; likv ji hPhl hygi Syflb X s wa s \ 4Cgu ue rcte jkOd jkv Hn kd h w s , a ukK 4Sgfkp ;nÔ euof ]yjl kd hukKv 4Sgfkp kr_ki Syf dlm udfy z s s 4g hrkt kg W' hukg Idi e uke , s q s z X , go 4hrdl gd Cgu h<ko Bkd kt 4rdl gd Cgu 0c kt ]rdl gd Cg s s s q s s u jhokge kt ]g Cgu e ukjd kt ]g hrxy ukv tkokv go l k;ufgI hri s , X q s , s s X d hd k{o 4hrkv Cgu l kno kt ]g hrxy sukv ufo÷ go l rhx d k;{fi a X 1 s X s s , s s X 4gd jc[ hd Hi eg ltf ]g krxy utH jc[ go l Gjr kjkp uoht X q z s , s s s X s s kr ;kt uc /cl go 4krki uc Cgu <jkd d ukK kt ]g krLkr ukK kt a a s s , s\ s ]g /cl dS 4g k;x kg yG go df kxs;ki e jn hLkF go ];kt Oc lki , a a , s w X s s\ s , s d yG go 4g k;x kg {o go df kxs;ki e jn hLkF go ]kg u kxB Bkd w , s 1 X s s\ s s s ]kg u jkdgv Bkd ]kg u Hn Bkd ]kg u ukK Bkd kdlm ];kt Oc lki d s a s s a s s s s , s {o go 4kx;kt kg W' nkol 4g k;x kg jxkl go df kxs;ki e jsn hLkF 1 s s q a , s X s\ go kr g Cgu ukK Bkd kdlm df s;kt Oc lß lki d jxkl rDf;ø Bkd ct s , s , s s s

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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 92 egaP

`xkg _l k;D d ujd7u s X w s s 4g uklkv endS kuLkN , s\ Xe ujd7u df g gxt jnl hurb g; 4kg; g jlov kNπv kurb kr g; s , qa a , s 4g kun LkN kd jn hLkF ]g kujd Cgu hH Nd 49xbL Iku Gkv II¬8 ]e , s s\ s s s\ , q a w s X kF¬ov hd sujd7u 4g kun LkN kd suiv e kF¬ov hd ujd7u kd jsn hLkF , s s\ s X s s s\ ]g Cgu kujd hH Nd 4g rkc hl7yjl endS ]g rkc hl7yjl hL\c uk;÷ , q , , 4Cgu BkuOfd Bkd Fkl d ;®l ]g hrkg Fkl d ;®lv k'eg BkuOfd 4 s s , s s s g krdl kg hg yjl go ]g <io®ge hH kt 4g rkc hl7yjl hLc kr uk;÷ , s , Z w s , \ s 4sxOc Syf d xk;i d uk;÷ eg jGf ]n gd kdikv rkc uhr7kn Xe / X , s s z s wa s X s cl d uk;÷ d gcl e kr 4sxOc eg Syf d uk;÷ d gcl nkc d rkc lb a a s s q T s X , s s q s 4g jnfe kuiv kd ukKv ]g ukde cl d ukK , a T s 4dl kg kL[ jnfae s s \ kd ukKv dfkr ]n kjxf kd ukde d ukK 6n kjxf kr krLi h;k[nf jxv X s s X s \ jkv ukpgi ][ji ]Xpkl lb 4hgd likv sue rkc hl7hLkF hd gcl kr g; , X X s s s T s\ q s 4g hrkt kg rLf[ kr;ønf Cgo ]g ;kim kd uskg , s a , s L\[ d jkdgv kgt jkv 4g hrkt kg W' kr;ønf Cgo ]g Cgu jkdgv kgt s s a a , , s q , a a jkv g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd ukg L[ d jkdgv e ukKv dfk;D ]g kr;ønf hL , , s s s s \ s a X X , c hd ukKv hg e pl 4ukKv ;ønf 39ljku≈b ubkoLf8 ]kF kgd ulm 4kF \ X X s s k;nf nç' dS su uhI¬xv lm ]g /kc kd ukKv kt s , s s klß 4Cgu ;kim kd ukI?7uLkt Nd elm 4g srukt Cgu kr g rukt Cg s s s\ q X T s T s u ikv 4g rdl ukt jkv Nd ]g rdl ukt jkv Nd ]g rdl ukt jkv T s , q T s , q T s , Nd kr g rukt ikv 4krdl kt kLkt Cgu Nd j,kv elm 4g ruv ukKv q s T s s\ q X , a 4g krdl kt k;kPc xkv jkv ]kxkg hg kurdf ukK 4g ehlv ukKv ]g , \ s , s , , krdl kg ehlv ukKv 4kxkg refhl ]kxkg hH kurdf ukK dfk;D 4Cgu e s s s X X ukK hldf kt ]g Bkjgx huiv hd ukKv 4g k;yf ukt kt kd jpd Xn LkN s , , s s s s\ 4g krFkrÎ hLc ]g kr;ü/ hLc okH kd ukKv , Z \ , \ 4y jd /çyim X kd ukKv ]g krgkp kugd likv rkc hg dS e kpp hd gcl hd tkv kr s wa s X Z q s 4g kry[ jk} kd 'oi e uoht jGf unf lm ] , q s z X g krkt kg 9Cgu8 ukK unf ltf jkv 4g krkt kg Cgu go unf hlm ]xukpg , s , , s s X i jdyk[ [kv eg unf ltf 4g go dr cr ]g Oc Sg uke eg dr ct s a , T s , q s 4g df g Oc Sg uke jkv g Oc Sg ;kuc eg Glf ]Cgu hg g kjkeg ukK , T s , q s , T s , q s Z , 4hx;kt cL jkv e huki lb kLkN 4g oku hd txkd ydycf ukK s w , X s s s\ , q 4kxs;kt jxf hg slß ]g krkt jxf yge kd kRi d 'kr lt df g rjWt hd dD/ l kjt dS , X s s , , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 03 egaP

x kr g rjd uk;÷ kgo eg df gd e jxv 4g rykL e ydæfe >e ikv s T s a wa T T s X q s q kr `kg rjd k;D kgo ]g rNi ikv jkv 4g ykg u'ILfe go 4g uoH s s s a T s w , , s s , kd uk;÷ jkeg go 4g krkt kyp kr krgkp kujd Cgu hH Nd {Hf Bkd c s , s q q s t kr kgo ]g rjd Cgu hH Nd eg kgo 4g ydæfe hLc 4uoH kd phc k s a T s q a , q \ ;x gj cv 4k;krc e k"kH hd u'DS sue ]k;krc e k"kH hd ujd ue kr X T X s s T s 4g rPi ckrdf eg kg; ]g rjd utkH eg kg; ]g rkuc u T s \ a T s s a T s tkH eg kg; ]g rjd uku¬ eg kg; df k;krc ue Syflb 6g rdl >el s a T s a s T T s k"kH hd ujd ikv df k;x >el e kr 4kg rjd k;D e uoH Lc lb df s T s s s X s \ T s w g rNi jkc7jkc ikv 4ikv g rsn ykL e ydæfe hL\c ]kxy ugd {Hf go T s X q s q ` kg rjd k;D e uoH Lc lb 2kg rkt kg jgc er ]kNi jkc7jkc ue 2kgd s s X s \ s s s s q w s T Cgu hH nç' dS suer e /cl dlm kF k;kv u[n e uoH kt 4er k; q X a a s s s T s q g yxki e kr k; ]g kr>el e ]kgd u ktkj j,kv kxy ukg knof ktkj jkv wa T s wa T s s s , s;x kv ji jk} o jGf 2kgd Cgu nç' dS e /cl d uoH sLc lm udfy s X a a s \ s ]k;x xy jdDp lkilkv d uoH Lc lm 4k;x k;yf e? eJkv kji jGf s s \ w w 4g krxy sukrc rckc d k;Ifd hjln jGf 2kg krLi Cgu h;kul lm slt , s q w s \ q s , ]kg k;x kg kjgc lt ]krkt kg ip {Hf go hg rul rkc g; `g rjd k;D s s s , s q q s q T s e uoH Lc lb udfsy ]g dhO ]g dhO df ]kxy uNi jkc7jkc ktkj 2g kr X s \ , , s w , gd Cgu hH Nd rckc d uoH lm {Hf go ]kd eJkv g uoH kLc Xe phc q s q , \ 4g rjd uk T s u¬ kgo 6g rjd go kgo ]g rjd g; kg; 6g rkx rhx e hId lb ]g rjd a T s a T s a T s X q T s u;;÷v {Hf jkeg e hId lb ]g rkuc utkH {Hf jkeg e hId lb ]kxy q s X q T s s q s X q ukrc jkv kF uk/i kt ]{Hf kxy uk[nf kd hId dS7dS 4CF k;Ifd Bg s , z s q s s q q q hyG jn7jn ]kF eJkv go kvg kyG e yxt jn7jn 4k;x jkv u[sn kd , w w q , X a w w , s s eJkv lm k;x kg dl®m Ikel 4F rjd ku/kl {Hf ,kl pki Bkd kgo 4 s q z s s q a s a kF eJkv kLc dS ]hF hI¬suke hLc rgc dS ygi "o kl PL Bkd e ukikt \ ≠ Œ \ q s Z , s\ s X 4g Cgu k"kH Bkd lki jkeg hd ujd7u ]g k"kH hd ujd , s s s , s k"kH hjkl hd ;‘ue ]k"kH hjkl hjkeg udfsy 4g Cgu kuokHl Bskd hlt u q , a , s jd e uk;÷ dfk;D ]kugd g ryx kr sxgd klß ]xOc ujd uk;÷ 4g k"kH X X , s X s X , s , hd ujd k"kH hjkl hjkeg ]sxOc Syf d uk;÷ eg ct hHv ]rkc hygi kr s X , s s 4g krdl k , v ekJof ]g hrdl kv rfk' Nhi d okH d ujd7u 4hg hx;kv rfk'v Nh , a s s s s s a s i d okH d sujd 4k;kv okur ]k;kv okH kd ujd akgt 4g krjd kni u s s s , , 'I ]g krjd kni okur okH kd ujd 4g kgj jd Nd e ]g kgj jd kuZFk T , , s wa q T wa zi ]g kgj jd kti ]g kgj jd uk;÷ e df g krkg okH dS kr g rOc ujd wa w wa T , s s T s , s uk;÷ eg 4kg u okH Bkd kd ujd e ue df g g; _l kygi kd ujd7u s s s X , w s
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044 fo 13 egaP

4g kurp hd ;‘que 4g k'n Rpf hd ;‘ue ]g Cgu , s , q , ed Bkd ]g Cgu IDS Bkd 4g okHo¬ kd ;‘ue ]g Cgu k;∂f Bkd <jxkt Z s , s , q , s 4g krkt kg Idi kji <jxkt c , s z w r ]g rkg e k;∂fv ydycf ikv ct 4g krkt kl <jxkt kdikv jrhH c T s s X q , s r ]g rkg e k;∂f hldf ikv ct 4g Cgu k;∂f Bkd kuxkt ]gj <je¬ jkv T s s X , s s , 4kugj rul Glf 4kugj xkt Glf ] s q Z s Z kujd re Nd ikv lc 4gj krkg oHuv kdikv ]e <jxkt dikv ]e /skc q s s q s X s X dikv go ]g kgj kg hH Nd kt Gjr kjkp kt g; 4gj krLi h;kuql kdi s , s q s X s s \ s kv kr ;kygf kd k{o jkv ;kv Skog s; 4gj krLi h;kul kdikv kr jd s X s X 1 , X a s \ q s s s utx jxkl ; 4gj krLi h;kul kdikv g; kr ykc kvkd g; 4kugj uc j Z s s \ q s s s s , s vov ]kugj jH l 'kg 4kugj suc dWxkt Glf ikv rfi d k;∂f hjkl lb s s s s Z z s `xjd k;D s X ikv rfi d k;∂f hjkl lb 4kxkg ukerfx e k;∂f hji huiv kr rxt kj z s s X w s kl g; udfsy ]xX;kt kg ;∂‘fuf ikv 4kxgj krkg kr cl g; 4hxgj hrkg s s s s s s s tkokv jkv xXygf Ri d k{o ]kxgj krjd utx jxkl 4kxgj krn tkokv , s s s X 1 s Z s s go ]g kgj ykc kvkd go 4sxgj rykc kr h{i 4hxX;kt kg Cgu yFf'f kr , s , X s s s s s a Skog ]hxgj hrgc kr aSkog hH kr xX;kt Oc jdkg yFf'f ikv ]rkc hjlwn X s s s , s 4 rkc hygi 4kxWd Cgu hH Nd ]kxMkt Oc jdkg yFf'f Glf ]ikpip Te3 a q a , s Z q g kgj Oc e ujd7u e df /kc g; ji yr d okH 4g kyko ucL e ujd wa , X s T s s wa s w X s 7u e ]g kgj Cgu jd Nd e df Sgfkp hukt kg I‘i¬ rkc g; e okH 4g T wa q T s X wa kgj jd Cgu hH Nd e df g kuy ukt g; kr _l kygi kd ukt e k;∂fv q T , s s w s X `x;kt ld Xe s X s , k;∂fv `sxX;kt ld kr sx;kt hHv e uk;÷ eg kg; kr g k;∂fv dS uk;÷ s , s X X a s , 4g k;∂fv dS uk;÷ , 4g rkg I‘ofi e uk;÷ ikv cr ]k;x kg ip _a; kjkl k T s s z X s q d ujd ]k;x kg yFf'f cl ]k;x kg rk' cl ]uke cl ]g gj jd Cgu hH s s s a , T s Nd ikv ct 4g jgkc d uk;÷ ikv dr cr ]g gj jd Nd ikv dr ct q T s T s q 4jkv Nd gkp ]jkdkeu gkp ]h_;kx gkp ]kg rit ekj ekj gkp ]kg rjG , q s s s s X s s X s s kyke gkp ]rdl kt Cgu e uk;÷ ikv dr cr ]g gj jd Nd ikv dr c s s X T s q t 4g Cgu uk;÷ hH Bkd go 4kxkg kgd uk;÷ kdlm ]kxkg kit jkdkeu u , s s s s s s ikv 4kxkg kgd uk;÷ kdlm ]hxkg hPi h_;kx uikv 4kxkg kgd uk;÷ kdl s s s \ s s s m ]hxkg hjG kyke uikv 4kxkg kgd uk;÷ kdlm ]kxkg kit ekj ekj uikv s s s s s s s 4g rkc hd ujd7u hH Nd g; ]g kgj jd Te rkc hd uk;÷ skt g; , s q wa 4g rjd T s Cgu hH Nd eg kgo 4g Cgu /cl Bkd l ujd kd uk;÷ dfk;D ]hxkg hry q a , a a s s s X s
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2g k wa ;ky jd nc elb cl go ]Skog hd gcl ]X<jdf Bg hrpku hd tjl 4wag k; a X a q q w ky jd nc k;D e hIi e df g Cgu hH kri >r df g kgd ulm jkv ,g k; a X s T , s q , s , x pgi lki d ke huiv jrhH jdy kd hIi kvg krpku l h'[ ]jGf jkv qa s a s s s q s q , 2g k;yf jd nc skd kvko , a X g ]e hIi lm g k;yf jd nc kd k<jdf hd tjl ulm 4g k;kv y hIi d X s , a s X w s , s s S jkv g k;x jrhH go 4y jd r{fjl lki uiv ]y jd nc ]y jd nd , , s q s s a s , go 2'kd kd k<jdf hrpku ub hd tjl df g k;kv yk;“ lm hHr 4g s X w , s , kgj y[ kvg kIy e lk? kpπc go jkv g hgj Lm ji kyG k;yfrrf ]g S s q s X , T \ X w a T a kog htkr hd gcl 4g hgj ljc e phxc d j? <jdf hlt <o¬ hd tjwl q T X s s X , Z 4g kyduf tjl kd gcl 4kF kgj y[ jgkc d j? uiv kpπc kl7kIkN dS , w q s s s s 4g T s w Ni uæi u k_ef Nd hH jkv hg lß `g krkg Cgu rîki oHuv hH Bkd Xe z s X q , s , s z q s k'nf hd ;®l llm ]g rukt eg kt skd ku'n ]krk0lf k;D `g F;ø _¬k' s T s s X Z X a T Z k;D `g k/kc e uoht de®fk;÷kv hg ukK kjkl k;D df g kNi u _ef dS , X , w s 4g ;kv uæi l7rgc e /cl lm ]g kgd ue Nd kt gcql T s z s q X a a , s T q s ]ue®kv ;if z 4kg u kvg krwN kd hldf Bskd ]X;kt Ig LkF 4dl skg s q s s s\ X ;∂‘fuf e sydv ydycf ikv dfkr ]X;kt kg ji ylkG LkF 4y up {o X s q s s s s\ X q 1 kuiv7kuiv ]g {o surb ]g gxt hyG hurb kr kg; jkv 4kg u kvg krN T 1 , , s a , s q w kd hldf Bkd dfkr ]xX;kt Oc eg jwn7jwn LkF Oc eg df ygi dlb 4kx s s s , s s\ X , s s sdl kg Cg; j,kv hHv g; 4g rkt kg rîkel ikv uiv jkpof dlm jh/7sjh s T s s s s s / ]g krkt kg dWxkt rfi d rxt d Gjr kjkp jdOc e uke kt 4g kr , s z s s X , X , s , Li Cgu hH kukIg güm ]g krLi Cgu kujd rk' güm 4xX;kt skg uhyof ]x; \ X , \ a X s s X kt kg rk' ikv uiv jkpof ]X;kt gj jdkg uke jkv yFf'f ikv jkc dS s a s s , , 4hx;k s t uc _ef ]hx;kt uc hxk;gl ]g hgj kg Gjr kjkp kt thp jg 4hxykL s s , s X s s Cgu k/kc thp Bkd 4kx;kt kg kjgx knk;† hH jkv kIkUl ]hxs;kt kg uhy s s s , s of twax 4hxLi h;kul twax hdlm kr kxsykc h{i Bkd e IkUl lm 4kx;kt s \ q s s s X s s gj jrhH jH kIkUl dS ]kxs;kt kg uhyof cl Xe jn hLkF 4hxs;kt kg W s s s\ s q ' hujrm rfk' hjgx jrhH hg rul l uke <{ kn7dS 4xX;kt kg ukjg i a s q s , s s s , kv rul hg rul 4gj rul lm ]g kgj Li h;kul hH kt Gjr kjkp3gj s q s q X s q s , \ q s X X s q , rul jkv 4gj rjd oHuv ikpip kd lkoæ kr hxgj hryp lkoæ 4g ku X s q q s s s , gj Oc lki d k{1o ub uke ]ikpiqp ]l'kd ]Sg jH l 'kg ]rpl Glf kr s , s X , a q s s s s Z s
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cl ub 4kd nuknpπfl ]kd ke®kv ]kd r,}v ]kd ‰c ]gj rjd kØdb kd k s a s s s z X s s X nç' um 4g Cgu hH Nd eum ]g lrjkd hyk[ nç' kr kg u oHuv kuiv , q X T w s s q lki dikv udfsy ]g rkt kg dFkl hH nç' kr kg oHuv kuiv lki dikv s T s s Z s s q s 4g krkv Cgu , kvg k/c oHuv Bkd jrhH dutf ]g gjr hd klrjkd hyk[ nç' hHl sl q a q s s T X w ß 4kg lrjkd hyk[ lt ]g krkv Cgu jdjrm hH Nd e knç' ]Cgu udfy X w s , , q X X s 4g kvg rkK kdlm kt ]y ukt kdcl lm hH rfkt7;‘ue 4Nhi dlb g , q s s s s q s s , ei kdum ]Nhi dlb g k<Qd hdum 4dl kt k;nf /kc e knç' n;k' ]g zs s s , s a X X T gj ukt o kt df kxkg kpkl ukgüm ]kF kgd skd knç' um ukgütf 4jkd g s s s s s s X X s X s s T nç' o 4g ukK go ]g rpkl ]g rjd /çyim Nd kt l k_¬k' eg udfy s , T s s T s q s s X s 4Cgu gkj Bkd hd uy s s s ykduf lm l k_¬k' udfy ]g krdl kt k;ki kd oHuv dlm kr Xe ;ü' s s X s , s q s s w 4Cgu xke Bkd kd ugd e knç' ]g krdl kt kgd lm kr e uke Z s s X X , s s X , 4Cgu ;kim Bkd kd su/kc e u/c hH hldf kd ke®keji s a X a s 4g jgkc k'eg d u/c go ]kF k/kc ltf 4g rkt gj e Fkg hg nç' udf , s s a a s T s X s X a X X y 4n /kc e knç' lm ]kukt ueg kt ]Xy Ldi lm df g rjd ''fkd 4g s s s \ s T s s T rgkp kujd Idi djd nd lm eg e knç' ]g krukt kt uoht 4g Cgu kn s z s , s X X , s T k;† l k;Ifi hd ujd nc kd koHquv hH nç'3kg hH Bkd r¬kj d ujd nc s X s s a s X X s s s s a 4g Cgu ;kim hH Bkd kd ujd nc lm ]g <io®ge hH kt Xe uoht , s s a s , Z w s 4kryef C gu hH Nd rDjfrfv d k;Ifi hyk[ ]rDjfrfv d knç' jkd kgo kr g kry q s X s s X s s a s , k[ kd k;Ifi um Bkd hH ct udfy ]g hrkt hd nc k;Ifi s; l eJ Lc s s X s s s T a X s s s \ 2y jd nc e k_¬k' ]e k;Ifi hd knç' ]g krpkl3g krjd oHuv kd k<j s a X X X X s X , s , q s X df utf hd Hi ]kd kvkog utf hd uoht jkudf d jxkl d ;®l hH ;‘ue q z s X s s s q `C;x kgd <jdf cl a X o ]kF k;df nc kr sue 2k;D df g kxy ugd jkv g kxy ukj go jkv 4g C s a s T , s , , s s , , gu kog htkr Bkd hd gcl kr kgo 4g Cgu <jdf hd tjl hH Bkd kr kgo s q s a , w s s a ]g jkd/v iî? kr e hIsi hdlm 4g s;x kv lkv e k[kv hdlm 4g k;x g , a q s X T w a X X a , j kL[ xn jkv g hyk[ hIi Syf d ujd rήep kd ke jkv e h'[ ulm \ a , , s s s s s a , X q s 2g hrkt kg nc e k;I T s a X X fi hH Skog hd gcl Bkd df g Cgu kul sue jkv 2g krkv y jdLdi Bkd s a q s , q T , , s \ s <jdf df dr cv g Cgu kul sue dfk;D 6g k;ky Ldi kd k<jdf udf wr X , q T X , \ s X ][n hH e ]yk[ kd hIi huiv ]yk[ ]kgd ulm jkv hxy ulg ke hdlm wa s T s s s s s , s a a 4g C;x g T j hg jgkc <jdf hd tjl ]g k;kv y jrhH skd hIi go df Cgu hH kri sl X w , s s m 4krdl kt k;df Cgu nc go ]g k;df nc ulm ltf df Cgu hH kri slm a , a s s
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4g ry jH kd jkdg T s s s a v uiv jdk[nf ukK uekl d kpπc Pc 4g krkt uc hukK ]g krkt uc hyk s s s X s w\ , , 'rDf' uekl d ñFk|of Qqx 4g krkt uc hyk'rDf' ]g krkt uc hukK uek s s , , s l d hu®i rfi 2g krkt uc hyk'rDf' ]g krkt uc hukK uekl d Ic ikc s , , s s s s 4kxMk[nf djd jGf >kl yd 4g k a s a , rdl kt k;df jkc hg dS e unf df g ekd klß g; ]kgd ulm 4g ry y X , s T s s kduf r¬kj xky jkn>el hHl jGf 4hxkg hd oHuv BkuOfd hLc u ikc lm s s s q \ s 2;k[nf djd jkv jkc dS ]usxv Ib L ]uxv hLL Ib L ]kgd l ikc X s , w s , w s s uiv u spπc lm 4jd jkv kiÎ dS kr ]ikv g hyk'rDf' urb ]krif jse s X , s T s s ]kgd jkv Syf Ldi /d dlm ]C;kOm [kv Gjr hd ikc uiv su Isc lm , \ s a s X a s s 2g krkt kyp phu hH tjl kr ]umkL kx ]g krgd hH kd tjl df , s w s s , s w kdlm g krif hyk'rDf' kurb 4jd[n rdkr hd ikc uiv k;x gj ukjg k , s s , s r kpπc go 4k;x cL jkv k;x kyp sphu tjl 4kF kgj hg kt phu skr tjwl w , w s 2kvkt phu ]kvkt phu39umkL s s s s s kx ]umkL kx8 kgd l tjl jkv h;kOm hyxm Gjr hd tjl u ikc lm 4kx s s w , a w s y sucL tjl 4kF kvg kOc jkudf d –el Fkl d Ic l IkN uiv ikc dS w w q , s s q s s s s s s s jkv kF krcL tjl >kl dS ]g Oc kg; tkv eg lt ji Ir d –qel dS , w w a T s , a s , s 4g e df kg hrjd kni eH g; jkv kg hrjd rHhu? ]kg hrjd rct wa T s , z , s w s w e kd 9e8 dikv thp hH kt3hx;kt uc jF®i ]hxs;kt uc k/kc ]hx;kt u s T s s s s c ykohn e tsk[ hd ;®l7uoht go df kuy ukt rfkH7hyH ikv ]kg hrjd X s a s rcte kd jkdgv dikv rkc hH kt 4gd kdikv e /acl lb rkc dS Te w s a s s wa s X a 4wag Cg u hukKv e 4g krukt e ]g Nd e df dl kg oHuv ]dl kg rkK >e d T wa T wa q T s s q s s s q fkr Syfhlb n;k' ]g [j jd Ødb nç' s; sueg Syfldf 4g k;x kg huto T s s , s jkv hjkH hH jkv jF®i kd 9e8 lb jkeg 4g krukt 9e8 dfXk;D ]g Nd Te , , T s wa T wa q df g kxy uxy eg 4kg k;x kg rcte jkdgv kjkeg ]kxB hjkeg ]kre¬fv , s X s s w a s hjkeg df dlb ;kolf `g k;yf jd k;D uiv jrhH ueg l ukK lb jkv s , s s s , `g k;D jkv rDjfrfv d Lkt d knç' ukK kjkeg , , s s\ s X 4g krLi kujd lgkl kd uLkN kd knç' kr kg kuki kd ;®l , \ s s\ s X s s s 4g krLi kujd lgkl , \ s lm ]kg hujd tk[ kd rDf;ø ltf 4g krkt kg kni l krk0lf ]g krkt skg s s s , s , s X a , kni l k_¬k' eH kd suukt g; 4g krkt kg kni l knç' eH kd uukt g; , s X z , s , s X z s 9 4g krukt Cgu e df g hrkt y rfhri g; d¥fc ]dr jk} wa T , s z d ke®keji krkt y Cgu ukK8 ]kgd sue Syflb 4g k/kc eH g; jkv 4xd s s T , z , s X l Cgu ukt Nd ikv 4g k;yf ukt Nd uikv df kxkg kni eH Glf kdikv q , q s s , z Z s jkv y jH e hjktrf kdub ]y kxy jkcv kdub ]gj rjd kØdb kd knç' , X X s s X a X s s X
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f cl go e rfk;† hl7hIkN lm 4Cgu ed l tjl hldf kt ]g ;¬gj kuiv X s s s w s , kd rfk;† hl7hIkN lm `suikv g k[n rikd e kukGr kd rfk;† hd ;hn sl s s , s s a X X w s s s 7IkN dS `suikv g k[n kd Z"?l e j/v d s;hn l7IkN dS udfy ]rgc s s , s s a X s s a s s s s s q kxkg kLc tjl 2kgj krL\y l j/v jH rkj3k;hn kl7IkN dS jH rkj jkv s \ w s s s a s s , 9 4;kv Iky u liko ikv dr ct ]kxgj krLy jH rk X , wa \ j e83e ]kgd su ;hn l7IkN d hÈef dS udfy ]gj ip jkr ]kgj ip nkp T T s s s s s s s q s q a `kxjd ukd "?l ]kxjd ukd s , Z a s , BkLy l j/v gxt hje cv ]g kd sujrm hj/v rkj jkv g kgj kt kr e \ s s s a s , s s a , wa s T ]kgd jdky¥pf sulm kr kxy ucL e epæfi tjl ct >kl dS ]g kuql uTe s s w X w a , s 4g Cgu kylkG Bkd kd Lc jkv Ik , s s \ , s s N e o®r¬fv 4g e kui¥d hd henkv nH kd sLc jkv IkN 4g jxklkge ngV X , X s \ , s s , kurtf ]g Z<i;¬gj hg hurm hH nc hd huki dS 4kxkg e ;ykegf Lc df , w wa s X s \ kurtf ]g e Ldd l IkN dS ;¬gj hg kurm ]hI¬ef hg hurm hd o®r¬fv , X \ a s s s ≠ dfk;D ]g Cgu kIkN hH Ldd dS 4g kIkN k;hn kl7kIkN dS u j,kv g kLc X , s \ a , s s , \ tjl kr u 4g Cgu kylkG jkv nH Bkd kd kthp hIkN jkv hLc Xe uoht w s , , s s X s , \ 4g rkK kd ;‘ue kr thp Nd udfy ]k T s q s X q s X g u rkK eg thp hLc7hLc rgc df g krdl kg g; df g kNi u _ef dS X X \ \ q , s , w s 4g rkKv rgc uoht 4g Cgu rkK eg Bkpπl Bkd hd uoht 4g , q , X s T rukt kd k;bkpπl hd uoht eg df g g; hnk;ufc jkv kjgx lcl jkdg s s X , q , s a v dS eum 4g Syf jd r"fki jkdgv Ow> l rgc3l rgc u ;‘ue udfy X T s a s s q s q s q s `g , k;D kukg kd ;‘ue kjkeg ]kje ]kdikv e o®r¬fv Ikjof lb 4g ikv df s q s X T kg kri hg n;k' kd rj lb ]jn r“jn 4g ikv df kg kri hg n;k' hH kd s s s w T s s kr“jn ub ]g jn rgc jkr7nkp 4g ikv df kg kri hg n;k' kd kjkr7nkp X T w q s a T s s X a `g k;D ;ƒek , Z l hd henkv ]g k;D henkv e rxt Ikjof Lc lb `g rDf' k;D jkv ],g ; , X s \ , , Z ƒekl k;D hH hd ukg d n[ d henkv `g krdl kg k;D hH ukK kd henkv s s s q s , s 4g srkt T jxf e dk> l kjt ]g gjr hd kuoH d txkd eg jkv ukK kjkeg 4g srk X s X s T X s , T t kg rîkel jkv g rkt Lm e kvkog gjr hd kRi [l eg jkv ukK kjke s , T s \ X X X s w , g 4g rkt kg uhyof gjr hd kvk[j h;x hpC[ ji rj eg jkv ukK kjkeg T s s X s s , `g k;D Bkpπl jkv , , 4Cgu jkted e ]Cgu hukK s T v e 6g hyk'rDf' e ]g krukt e 4g Nd e df dl k[nf g; e df g ' T wa T wa T wa q T wa T , 'fkd hd rkc dS Glf Nhi dltf ]g klß ukK kjkl kjkeg 4g ry n k[k/ s Z s s , T s s s s jWt kd uiv eg 4rfkH lb krdl kt k;nf Cgu k[k/ kr kd uoht udfy s s a s s s s
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gu kri hH Nd eg g; udfy ]g hrjd ekd ld r|of df g kri eg kr q X s , s , q , X s g; ]kgd ulm 4g ISq;†zsx ]g drku¬ kd ukKof go 4k;x kg ukjg hH d{'f s , , s , `hIlfhID ≠ yb tb Ikgø ]g kNi hH lum su ulhLS jkv g s;ky kyc kd d{'f uiv o s , w s , T q s s s 9 4g rky kyc kd d{'f suiv eg 4Cgu kri eg g; ],g k; T s q s X D hytcf udfsy ]l hytcf g rukt kukyp kr oku eg 2hytcf8 ]sykc pπc s T s s s s 9`g k;D hytcf ]g k;D r|of `hIlfhIDyb tb , , q ≠ s Ikgø ],g k;x kv e ue je ykol kl7kIkN dS `k;D xkdl krc er kr N X s s s s s q s wa w s q i ler jxv e udfsy 4hLkx g; ]oku g; ]uh'e g;3g hryp l r|of ; T \ T s q s df kg rgd er df g dhO kr g; ]kNi l kpπc um u Pc lm dukpv cr s s q , s w s X s s w\ 4g gj k>el lm jdkg '[ hH jkv pπc o 4kvg kjH l ;e T s s s q , s s q s ¬of ]dkov3g kgj [n l h'[ go 4g hryp l r|of hLkx g; 4g hryp sl , s s q , s q \ , r|of oku df g gj k>el lm pπc IkN7IskN 4k;x kyp e l¬gf d ukKo q T s s s s s s X s s f go 4k;x pgi e huZ'ni lm kvg kre? hH ulhLS 4kd thp dS7dS g qa X z q w s T s gj k>el güm ]g ;kv u[sn xky hH kt kd hu'ni ]l nukv Lc pπc jkv X T s s s s s Z z s a s \ s , 4g h;kuc hLkxjIke ]g h;kuc hLkxyj ]g h;kuc o , \ s , \ s T ku hIkN 4g ;kuc suky[f7y[ hH d hytcf su k;F√k|of d ukKof d yd¬ s T s , s s X s s w 4g s;kuc u,ky[f7y[ l7rgc su kpπc d yd¬ 4g hgj yp hu'ni dS ]u'h T s s s q X s w , Z z chtDS hl7hIkN dS ]e yd¬ d okx 4g ukd go df Cgu hH kri kd kxky s X w s a , , s X s d okx 4g k;x e okx l7IkN dS go 4ulhLS kurtf e /cl d r|of kg s a , X a s s s X a a s q s krukt kurb kt ]kF Cgu Bkd 4kF Cgu kRoo®r Bkd kLc llm Syf sd hIl s s s s \ s fhIDyb ]Syf d r|of 2jktg dS 3g s;df Cgu hHd jkd‘ofkv urb u du ≠ s s q T s s fkK,o hldf n;k' 4g ;df jkd‘ofkv jktg dS e uoht uiv u ulhLS 4kF T s X s s k;x e okx l7IkN dS ulhLS 4[y¥m kd rDf;ø dS g kxy jdrfhzi >qe X a s s s s , s 2g rukt eg df g krkt kg kni eH g T s , s , z ; <jkd d ;pjfi lm 4g ;pjfi u;jfIyfIf; ]Mkyp7ekd yod ]Cgu ukK s , s q s go kr ]g gj >el ukK eg ltf jkv g Cgu rkK eg hH Nd ]Cgu udfy s T s s , , X q s `g krkt kg Cgu / , s kc kd o®r¬fv jkl d uoht jkv uIk?nm kd <v l7sIkN dS `rkt Syf u s s s , q s s s kt Cgu Lkgi jkl l usy ukt kd LdI l7IkN dS d rj dS k;D `krkt k \ s s s s s \ q s s s s s ;yf ukt Cgu jxkl l suy ukt kd nc dS k;D 4g krkt gj Cgu "' hH N s s s wa , s d jGf kd uukt kr y ukt gjr hji henkv jxv hH yG kl7kIkN kd lk? q s s s s w w s dS ]yG kl7kIkN dS 4kd uoht ji ]kd rxt ji ]xy ukt kd oæof jwi w s s s w s s w s X s s eg kr y ukt kji hH kd yG l7IkN dS eg jxv df g kgd u ofd dS s X w s w s s s , s `kLc g \ , ukd jkv kIkN g ukd 4g krdl kg k; kxkg e tjl Lc7l7Lc kt ]g kiN , , s , , , s s X w s \ s s \ s ,
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dl kg Cgu hH jgy cr ]kF Cgu ct jxkl 4g hrOm jgy hg ji ukg d j s T X s s s xkl `kxkg kuc cd jxkl df g hrdl ukt ld jgy dS hd jxkl `g kr s , s , , dl ukt ld kd Hjkzi d uoht go ]g krkv a;o¬ e phc d uoht kr ;‘u s , s a s , X s s q e `k;x k;kuc ld j,kv k;x k;kuc cd uoht df g krdl ukt ld ;‘ue s , , s , q 2g jk;r k'eg Syf d un jRm kd thp jg o 2k;x T , s s s s s k;kuc uoht ]g h;x h;kuc hoƒi sygi "o jktg jkp l klB ]e Ffrf kyG , 1 Z s X a ]e ul kyG ygi "o jktg surb l tkv df g rkrc hH [hjkr ]Ffrf df3 X a s Z s T s g rgd hH g; Nd l eum 2k;df ekJof unf orkl jGf ]h;kuc k;ufn u T s q s X X q s lm dr unf gN df Nd l eum ]g rkrc dr kg; o jkv 2g h;kuc u jo q s X T s a s , , s æB df g rgd so 2g jk;r jRm LeLfj lki dum kr h;kuc uldf k;ufqn T s , , s s s s s df kNi jxv lum 2kg rukt l,t ]g rLi eyke Sg r>el klß kd thp s w s X s s T s \ w q s s jg so 4g hd k;®g hd ;¬gj d ;‘que su k;_¬fk'7e/ l k"o kjktg 4g krkt , s X Z s ˜ X , kg rîkel ;¬gj kgo ]k;yf ukt ueg kgt 4g Cgu ;¬gj Bkd Syf d hukK s a s a , s s 4dl kv e <je¬ dikv kukg l;jfhI¬ef kd uoht ]kr;e;¬gj hd s X s s uoht dfkr ]g Syflb jkt g; `g k;D jkt kurb kje ji ukKv d rDf;ø , s , X s s s 4g ;¬gj ruv dS uoht ] , a g ;¬gj dS uoht ]g kgj gd g; go 6g krukt Cgu e ]g krgd rDf;ø kt , , wa T , s 4hrkt gj Cgu hI¬ef Bkd ≠ s ];¬gj Bkd jGf elm ]g ry ukt eg kd rkc ltf 4g k;yf ukt ue ]Cg s X T s s s T s T u ;¬gj Bkd cv e uoht df g krgd g; go cr ]g hukK e df g krgd s X , wa T , Bkd ct 4g h/kjof e likv rkc kukn ; dfk;D 4g krdl jd Cgu jkdho¬ s T s X X X s s X , s kd sukg hukK uiv rDf;ø go ]g krjd jkdho¬ kd ;¬gj d uoht rDf;ø kt s s , s s s 4g krjd jkd , ho¬ kd ;¬gj ruv lb d uoht go df g <{y kd 9Lbke lthyjf8 ]g < s a s , a , {y kd Rpf defk/ g; 4g k;D rq|of df g krukt Cgu hH e df g krdl Z , wa T , gd ulhLS 4g r' hygi Syf d d/k' d ;®l hIyfefÍ g; ]kreuof g; , Z s s s q z 9 4g k;D hytcf df g krukt Cgu hH e jkv g ulhLS e ]Cgu kri gér , wa T , wa T X q n;k'8 ]kgd ulm jkv kxy ulg kPc go cr 4g s;x Li e krpV hLc ]'ik s , s a w\ T \ X \ s 'i Lc cl so 9 4Cgu kri Nd eg kr kdlb 4jd ke{8 kgd u yilfiV lm s s \ q X s X s zz 9`g k;D hytcf df g krNi g; e ]g huc jdyef l kthp udf7udf h , wa w T , s X ytcf df krNi Cgu g; e ]g hrjd ekd ld hytcf df krNi Cgu g; Te8 w T T s , w ]g krNi ulhLS udfsy 4g hd ''fkd hd uk>el ulm ]g k;x kv yilfzzi , w , s s s , V go 4g henkv kyko uukt knk;† lcl kd r|of go ]g kL[ henkv skt u , s s s q , \ s ekl df Cgu kri kd hldf kd ulhLS jkv 4g s;ky kyc kd yilfiV uiv o s , T q s zz s s 4g rky kyc lm eg 4g uk}of kLc rgc kd ukKof kr T s q s , \ q s go ]g ~hl lS ~hL kr yilfiV kjkeg ]jgO ikv udfy 4g k;D rq|of df C , s z X s ,
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yko ukuc jnfe 4g kL[ ikpip phu d Lk> dS go 4g kgj jd Cgu ekd s s a , \ q s s \ , Bkd go 4lknm ikpip g k;x kg kL[ jdkv hg l gcl henkv dS udfy s q , s \ s q s 4kF k;x kg W' ekd 4kF Cgu jnfe kyko uuc lkilkv d jF s q a s s ®i d henkv dS hldf go 4F Sg s;kv sukuc kd jnfe lm xky l jn7jwn s s q s a s s w X a s e okx kr 4g krn kuc jnfe kd ukF¬ lm hg ei go kr g rkuc Nd jdy , s a s zs s , s q ef l ei xky kjktg ct jkv 4g krkt kg jnfe kd jkdgv jnfe go kr g s zs s X , , s a a a s , krkuc jnfe henkv dS ct dfk;D 4d okx lm xkg gj xky jkn>el sLc a X s a s X s s \ 4jnfe suc l eJ d kxky cl go udfy ] a s s X s s sn kP hÈef Bkd 6n [j jF®i dS Bkd ]s;kv y jF®i dS Bkd 6n Lkt Ib s s s s s s s s\ dS Bkd ];kv y Ib dS Bkd 4;kuc jnfe kLkF7kLkF jdkv hHl df sl kxk s s s s X a s\ s\ X s y d okx7okx hF hd kuFki u kyko sukuc d jnfe 4e ukuc jnfe3e jnfae s a a Z z s X s a X s a X lm F gj jd ukneJ xky d kokx d lkilkv jkl ]kF kgj uc jnfe dS s s s s X a s s a 2g ry jd nktB kukgc T s s k'eg eg Syf dlm ]g krkg kujd Cgu eg kt 4g xky y'd rgc e uj s s , s X s T s q q X s d nktB ukgc eg jkv g kukgc kd henkv k'eg rkc hd k;rfF¬fjfi 4sdl s , , s X kt hd u ku/kl df eltf ]g krki jd Cgu hH kui¥d j,kv g krukt Cgu X wa wa rfF¬fjfi hH dS hlß e udfsy ]g hld k;rfF¬fjfi hdum df Cgu kri >qe T T , a s 4g rdl T s jd Cgu ku/kl eg elm df g hrkg k;rfF¬fjfi hlß df g kNi u _ef dS X T s a , w s 4hrdl kg Cgu s rfx Bkd kucf d /kc lb 4g ;koufv ra;®v /kc g; 4Sgfkp kukg /kc kd s s s , Z s s s ukKv suiv kd henkv]kgd likv gcl sue Syflb 4g rjWt hd usn eüt s s q T , s l jGf kd ;¬gj dlm kr kg kukt y e k'nf hd e/ liko kd ;‘ue jxv s s s s s s X Z s q 4g k;x krkg <h{ jh/7jh/ gjr hlb e/ l uoht d henkv 4Cgu y , s s s Z s s k;“ Bkd güm kdlb ]g hgj jd I‘u kd ;¬gj d uoht krKol hdum 2g sr s X , s s Z T ukt Nd hHl o ]g Kol o 4g ukK kd rkc jg ]g jRm kd rkc jg lki q s T Z s , , dum dfk;D ]g rdl pgi Cgu lki d ke®keji hHd rLfi d ke/ udfy s X T s qa s a s ˜ s 4g kreuof dS ]g hIyfefÍ dS e ue d dufkKo dfk;D ]s;kt pgi chjd , z , q X s , X qa s d ;®l d uoht hHd n;k' kr dufkKo dS df g krgd likv Te Syflb s s , wa s 2jk;r g jRm k'eg lki d k;_¬fk'7e/ ];kt , T s s X Z X yp jdy uæi hH Bkd ikv 4g rukt Cgu eg df gd o Syf dltf ]Cgu s s z s T s X s s uæi Bkd klß 4jd jkdub o Syf dltf ]Cgu uæi Bkd klß 4g jk;r k' z s X s s z s T , eg kd sun jRm kd thp jg o 4g rcte rgc Hn kd k;ufkK ]Cgu udfy s s s s , w q a X s `kvg kni ld jkv cd uoht df g krdl uk q , s , , , t ld hH Bkd `g krdl ukt ld ;‘que ]g hrdl ukt ld jgy kr3,g hr s , s , s , , s , s
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iv hHv7hHv go 4kF k;x k;kyc kd Krhxl Lc dS 4go kF unf7eüt kd q s a s \ jhto 4kF utk;kv kd utkH Lc dS 4F Sg ;kv _ef dlm j? d jhto s s s \ s q s s s (2tc gN ]hxs;kt hn n hlkG kdikv k;÷l tkv df g kKkv hd Ikel jkv s s a s a , z , g ;x Syf jd nd ikv df ]hn jc[ jdkt jrhH kd jhto jkv k;yf js? T s , s , l Gjr kjkp kd j? sukgüm jkv ;kv hgkilf j? d jhto jgikn 4kF dhO s X s X , s s s cl dr gcl 4hF hn n ktl hd hlkG u Ikel dlm kd jhto dS e uku; q s a s z s s X w 4g krdl kg ydycf kr gkp kukg go3e rfF¬fjfi jg ]e rfF¬f jg , s q s s s X X `dl kg u I‘ofi e rfk' jkv uke Syf d jn hLkF he s s z X a , , s s s\ nkv eltf ]g rfF¬fjfi hl7ukd hlß `dl kg u <iei henkv eltf ]g rf X , , s s Z w zs X , F¬fjfi hl ukd hlß 6dl kg u rk' henkv eltf ]g rfF¬fjfi hl7u,kd hlß , s s a X , 2g rkt kg rpæVuf jkv g ry tk[ <jkd rD;;k;ü T s s , T s s s q k'eg Syf dlm ]9u'dGfI¬ft8 k'eg Syf dlm ]g srgkp kujd Cgu eg s s s s s T s kt ]g <jkd hylv 4g Cgu <jkd hylv k;rfF¬fjfi ]g rkc jkv Bkd jWt , , a , , s 2g Fel e ujd e df g wa Z X s T , hlß rfF¬fjfi hje df kg kgd g; ultf ]kyef Cgu henkv dS >e dr c s s s s q v 4g Cgu Fel e ujd Nd eg df g hlß rfF¬fjfi hjkeg df g rkt ;ki , Z X s q , T s s Sg rgd xky d rfF¬fjfi jg df k;ki sue jkv g ryef xky d rfF¬fjfi q s s s T , T s s s jg >e 4rki kt Cgu jkv lm eg Syflb ]g kjH Ii df g krgd Bkd 4g s q s s , s , s , hyk[ Ii df krki kt Cgu Gjr hd ku/kl Syflb Bkd 4g jhev df krki s s , jd Cgu ku/kl Syflb Bkd ]g chjx df krki jd Cgu ku/kl Syflb Bkd s , s `kxjd eJ cd henkv g; cv 2krdl jd Cgu eJ Syfl s b ]g Ii jH go cv 6kF krdl jd Cgu eJ Syflb ]kF Ii hyk[ go gcql , s s s `k;D g krdl jd eJ Bk , s d Ii jH udfsy ]Wd eJ e jnfe d Hi df g krgkp hH e df kgd ulm s s a X a s q z wa T s 9`g gj jd T s Cgu kr;kgl Bkd hH jGf ikv ]k;D h;x kv Ghydr Bkd jGf ];'kge8 ]k s s gd jkv ;x lki dlm jGf so 2g h;kP Ib dS u ]g k;kOm jF®i dS u u , s s , s , s lm ]g kL[ Cgo ]lknm jGf go df k[n ukgüm nkc jn hLkF 4kF kL[ gcql , \ s s X s s\ \ slt ]k;x kg kL[ hg klo jdkt phu d {o uiv jGf henkv go 4;x xy , s \ , s s 1 s s s ujd ekd e jnfe kr xky kjkp o 4Iky liko Gjr hd jnfe cl o jGf X a s s X s s , a s 4k;kjd utkH Ii jH lm 4;x y j? uiv lm xky o 4hF dhO kr rkc s s s s s s s s s s 9`g krdl kt k;df eJ ld Ii [H ]g Ii k[H e8 `g k , s , s s w wa s w T , rdl jd k;D kr kg henkv Ii [H udfsy ]syef hH >e nukv g; df g kr s s s s w s q a wa gkp hH e ]Wd eJ e jnfe d qHi df g krgkp hH e8 ]kgd u henkv lm T a X a s z wa T s `xkn Cgu xk;gl Nd e s s s q q r `xskvkIc Cgu Fkg Nd er ]_ef ]kgd jkv s;x lki dlm xky jkp7kn s a q q a , s s s
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9 4;kt gj e <je¬ <{ d k X X s nof erfv dfk;D 6g k;nf jd zohr kd ol®m d nukv ueg dr tc gN kr a X , s s a s s s ]kxMkt kg knof e tc gN dfk;D ]kF u ykol kr kd ujd yFf'f slm ]g a s T s X s s , k;nf jd zohr sueg kd ol®m d nukv Syflb ]h;x yef jc[8 ]kgd ulm s s a s 4g hgj kv hjkgér rke >kl tc gN df hyef Cgu jc[ `kg ;x kg , q , a s s s s yxki er ]kNi u ktkj lm kr 2kF kOc u≈enukv hH n[ jhto kr k;x jr q w s s , a q s hH ct ktkj jkv 4F Ødb ukege jkv hF hrtc k<ho j? kr kpgi go ct , s s s , s qa jkv 2g Cgu kr yxki jhto go df k;kv u[n ktkj 4hyef jc[ kd ktkj , , s s s s 2kF U li go ]kF '[ jhto go udfsy 4kF uk'ji ]kF lknm Krhxl ]F lknm x z q s a s ky if|; 4kgj kryp utkH e j? lm jkv hgj hrtc k<ho e j? lm jkv s s X , X , 4F ;df oHuv e <{ s s q X d Bknof ]e <{ erfv sue kt ]X;kt gj Sg dIf yi l LkF o k'eg Xe r s X a T s q s s s s\ s s fe¬ hje <{ rkt df ];kt uc ol®m dS j? kje df kxkg u rpfm g; k; 1 s s s s s D `jd ol®m _ef df kxkg u rpfm g; k;D `ul rhxl e e k<{ srkg kn X s wa q a T X X s of df kxkg u rpfm g; k;D kr g kukt kg knof Syf d k'eg >e tc gN s s , s s s s q s ct 4hxkg k;D jkv rfF¬fjfi ydquv llb df kxy ugd henkv go udfy s , w s s s 4kg tkH Bkd cv df hgj u yduv rfF¬fjfi xy ugd xky d s s s w q s s s s j? 4s;ktc k<ho Bkd cv df hgj u yduv rfF¬fjfi ]xy ugd xky d j? s w q s s s s 9 4g kukt kg knof kd k'eg >e tc gN >kl dfk;D 6;kt uc ukF¬ kd , s s s s q s a X s ol®m dS j? kje df kxkg u rpfm g; k;D 4y yef ]y ykc ]y lg sl s s wa wa s wa a Xk_ef uiv e ygi dlm df kxkg u rpfm g; k;D `ul rhxl e sygi sdl s T s s s wa q a T m df kxkg u rpfm g; k;D 4kxMkt je e stc gN 4hxkg k;D jkv rfF¬fj s a T s , fi yduv llb8 ]kgd sulm 2hF kd sukg hlkG kdltf ]kxy ulg henkv go w q s s s a s s a 4hgj Cgu yduv ydycf rfF¬fjfi `Mktc sld w q q a , k<ho e ]kxy sugd Krhxl `jd ld utkH eg cv ]xy ugd _ef udfy T a X s , s s s s 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ujd nc hH Nd dr stc gN 4g jn rgc hHv e utc gN `g s s a q , s q X s T s s X ;x kg k;D lknm _ef `k;x kg k;D nc tkH `h;x kg k;D nc k<ho udfy s X a s s X a s 4hn Cgu hlkG ulm ed7l7ed dr a s s tc gN df g kiÎ hLc hd ktkj 2kx;kt kg kji hH tkH dr cr 2kx;kt k s , \ s s w s s s g kji rhx dr cr ]g jn rgc hHv e utc gN8 ]kgd u jhto lm udfy w , s q X s s s 4hxy uk s s j hu®i 4s;x kg lknm _ef 4hn kdIf jkv dS ulm k<ho 4;x Li syhP Fkg s s s s \ sd Krhxl 4kF kd ukg W' rhxl kdlm cv 4kF kvg jtfkg jdy k<ho hu a s s s q a q s
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044 fo 14 egaP

a kv sulm 4hy[ nCu hdlm <jkd d LO nkc sI? kn Bkd 4h;x kl phu d { q s a a s s s s s o dS jgkc d okx jdkt go rkj h/kv 4kLi kun LkN okx kdlm h_¬ go 1 s a \ s s\ a s 2g kgj Cgu hHd e I‘fn hdum ;¥e Bkd k/hl kd henkv 4ut k; g 0 , X 1 w s , , kc 6ukeyle k; g ngf ]g rpkl k'eg so 2Cgu hg hpkl hHd rkc hlt kr , q , w a T s s s s , ;‘que su kxky defk/ 4rpkl Cgu hHd rkc hd gjr lb xky defk/ udfy X s Z s s X s Z s `hx;kt kgd g s a o ]g h_¬ hydv go ]g rkj hj/v ]g rkj nl 4;x kg nc tkojn udfy ]; , s , s a , Z s s a s s s kI[I[ stkojn jkp7kn sulm 2e okx lm s;x skg nc jk} 4g rkt kg nc jk} s X a a T s s a 4Cgu ei Bkd ]Cgu k'kv Bkd ]Cgu <j zs s s ' Bkd kg; d yko e/ jln kd yko e/ dS 2g e/ xyv kd okx jlwn ] s a s s Z s w s s Z , Z a s g e/ xyv kd okx dS 2g _' Lc e likv e/ e/ ]g hg rukt kr ikv T Z a T q s \ X Z Z T s s 4g q_' T d e/ jkgér eg jkv g ruke kd e/ hg jln xky d okx lb dfk;D ]y s Z s q , T s s Z s w s s a X s [ Syf jkgér ktkojn Bkd hg n;k' e okx lb df kgd hH g; rDo ryp q s q s X a s sulm jkv ky jd tk[ jkv Cgd er 4g ruke Cgu kd e/ lb eg 4g Cgu , s s , q T s s Z , Syf jkgér jk} g; ]hon ]kgd jkv k;yf jd nc ktkojn u dyfke d tk s q s , a s s s ojn lm 4hF hd e/ jln h<{Hf go ]F ruke kd e/ jln xky d okx l Z s w q s s s Z s w s s a m udfsy 4ky[ ktkojn 4g rkj h/kv 4k;kI[I[ ktkojn ji jk} dS jdkt q , sulm 4g h;x pgi okx jln jdpgi u kgo ]hF hrgkp kupgi oakx ltf , qa a s w qa a qa jkv g h;x dIH kr¬kj 4hpgi Bg hdIH e okx dS rkj dS hulfk;ül dS , , qa q X a a ]h_¬ h<{Hf dS ]h<{Hf dS e k;jfkd 4g hrkv <je¬ j,kv >e kuI? dS q q X s , s q 4g kgj y Cgu kd kthp kr sl xP wa s s X s a ryx e Cgd 4g Cgu ryx Cgd kr pgi hje ]pkiS hje ]Rfo hjse hd u> T , s qa s sz s 1 s el kd rfF¬fjfi ]<kdI‘fn kje df ]ji rkc lb kujd uk;÷ kLkF 4kun re s s 1 s s\ s "kn ji rfF¬fjfi 4kujd ikv ''fkd df u[n kd I‘fn huiv l uk;÷ kLkF s s s s s 1 s s\ 4 g hrdl kg hHd u jkv hF hHd u rfF¬fjfi hlß Bkd kr ]kg rgkp kudkj , s , s s s s s u kd suiv hg ikv jkv 4g hrdl dkj rfF¬fjfi jg cr 4g hjln rkc kr s , , s , w s kg rgkp kudkj kd uiv hg ikv 4kg hrdkj kdikv l ukt Gjr hd Hi Xe X s s s s s s s s s q z uoht dikv kt ]g hrdl kg rfF¬fjfi hlß hH Bkd df krkg Cgu rkK kr s s , s s s s 4l I‘fn ldf ]Xe 9L;IhIS8 ldf ]g sry rf s 1 w . T s kH ldf kd rfF¬fjfi lm eg df g krkg jHuf ji rkc lb g; 4g k;D df a s , s Z , g krkg Cgu jHuf ji rkc lb g; ]g rfF¬fjfi k;D ]g jlov k;D Xe uoht , s Z , , 9 4Cgu dhO g; ]Wke l kFkg uiv kd henkv jk;î slß a s X s s s 4g kry sy liko e ktl ]kgd ulm 4g hrdl kt hn Cgu ktl hd uje slm wa s T s , s ]g krukt kuht henkv kt 4g F;ø kun hlkG kd henkv lß8 ]kgd u ktkj , s , Z s a s s s
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044 fo 24 egaP

krm 4[sn kd uoht l ;/ ruv ]l ;/ 4g krdl Pc Cgu xkv end7dS d X s s Z , a s Z , , \ s /kl kr ]kd ue suiv ]sx[n kd uoht jdjH l Z;/v 4[n kd uoht jdjH s s X s s s , X s s s l k'kv 4g krdl jd Cgu rfx kr kx[n kd uoht l k'kjuf jxv d/kl , s s s s s 4[n kd uoht jdjH sl k'kv X s s `g r[n jkv rsy kd uoht ld eg ]g k;D kjkeg < , s s , s s s , , kd kd uoht ]g k;D Ldi hjkeg ]g k;D I‘fn hd u[n jkeg ]g sry ld e s , \ , 1 s s s T s s , g 4g rdl uc jlov ;≈kHn ]g rdl kg eyke ;≈kHn jlov 4g hrdl skg T s Z q T s s w Z q T eyke jF®i k;Pfhl ]g rdl uc k;Pfhl jF®i 4g krdQ kr¬kj lutf ]g h w a \ T s a \ , s T rxy uLi eyke jF®i hd jnfe hH ak;Pfhl kr g rkt kg hnkv d uy sl x s \ w a \ s T s s s s s a P ryx kd k;rfF¬fjfi eg ct jkv 4g rkt uc k;P\fhl hH jF®i Sg sLi j s X , T s a q \ i gkj kr cr 4Sgfkp kusy [hl g; ]g husy hld rfF¬fjfi kd rDf;ø dSjg s , , s 4g krjd jHuf Nd cl ji lb ]g , Z q T s s s , s ry ld kd rfF¬fjfi eg 4krjd Cgu jHuf Nd ji lb ]g hld rfF¬fjfi Z q , , 4d okx jkgér g xky yH 4g h;kv usn nko;ü/ Syf dlm e 4kg ;x s a s q T s s wa s s T X s y[f jkr jkv kg k;x kg I‘i¬ 'kdkv Bkd hg jrhH je lt ]g [n jkr d s , s s s s s s , T s s s s 'kdkv ue e rkj hydv tkv hl,t 4kg h;x y[ ]kg h;x dIpf hyd hd s T X s s q s X z s k<ki Bkd hH jrhH je lt3g [sn ry[f tkv ue yG kt ]g kukt tkv u s s s , T s s s T w s , s T e naukv kt ]hn n rkj hd oHquv dS >e ueqr hlt 4jd kiÎ ji er ke® s s s q s , s q keji ]g h;kv un nko;ü/ e 4d okx lb g xky yH ld df g h;kv ugd wa s s T s a T s s s , wa s g; e cv 4g xky jc ld ]kF kxy kd ue jse kr cr ]kF ktH suer ct T T s s q s , s s s s q 4k;nf tH s>e e 'kdkv y[ jkv k;yf k s q X s q , pc s>e l kykohn hd j? suer df hF kiÎ hLc hjkgéqr 4hdl kl phu d ' q s X q \ s s s kdkv e jkv ;yf jd nc jk} uer df hF kiÎ hLc hjkgér df g h;kv usn T , s a s q \ q wa s nko;ü/ Glf e 4hrkt gj hg rpfao l u[n e3kukt y[f jddIp kd ky Z T s s s T X G jkv jkr d 'kdkv rkj kr rsy kjgO e j? uiv >e tkv er 2'kd 4g w , s s s s X s s q q wa h;kv un nko;ü/ yod ]h;kv Cgu ujgO cv ]h;kv Cgu ukoy[ jk} cv s s s s s q ]Cgu ]kgd sulm 4g rkt gc lkv d krKrÎ l k[kv hd h<{Hf lm udfy T s s w a s s X a q s `kg h;x kv k;D kjkcn jGf ]g Cgu Syf jkgér jk} g s X q , s q ; ]k;nf jd kue ueg kgd ukgüm 2g hL[ h<{Hf hgo ]yk[ tkojn ukgüm s s X , \ q s s s s X `k;x kv ukd jGf rkj h/kv 4kF k;yf jd nc u kdyfke dum kd ktkoj , a s X s s X n utf ]k;kI[I[ kd ktkojn um ulm jdkt jGf ]Gjr hd okx hLkn jGf s X s a ,\ 4hgj hr[ n kd kjkr d 'kdkv 4hgj hr[sn ry[f kd kyG d {o um ]kd yG lm s s X s s s X w s 1 s w uke dr hL? h/kv go 4g gj kt yp ry[f yG j,kv g hgj kv tkokv 4g , \ T s s s w , T gj dIp yG d {1o 4g h;x yG Gjr kjkp /xl hdum ]yG yko uy[f s w s , , X a q w s s d rkj 2g ;x y[f yG ji {o lm 2g kjH l kjkr 'kdkv jiM 4hyk[ [ s T s w 1 , s X s
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044 fo 34 egaP

jrhH dlm eg kr g rOc lki d ;‘ue hldf ct eg `hd kyG k; g rj s s T s , s q X w T s d hruxf hd kIkd kr g rkt lki d kyG ct eg `kjk/ Bkd hd jkd/v X a s T s s X w s a k; g rtk[ <jdf hd 'kdi Bkd eg `g rtk[ k;D eg `rkc <ijkd/v T s s z s , s s Z w a Bkd k; g rtk[ {i yot†m ]'kdi Bkd eg `g rtk[ k;D e kvkuI? ]Xe s T s s z s T s s X X X k;rfF¬fjfi ]e ;‘ue ]e uoht eg `g r[n l kgd eg ]g r[n sld eg X q X T s s s a T s s , 4kxkg krktc hjlkc ld kr g jkp kj s q a s , s , s c klß ]g jkp df g kr[n kjln Bkd 4kxkg krdl jd hjkp ld kr g krk q , s , s w s s s s , s , tc hNπv hurb hjlkc df g kr[n Bkd 4g krktc hjlkc kt ]g henkv dS q a , s s , q a s , 2g krktc hjlkc hNπv hurb go 4kxkg krjd hjkp , q a s s ]kxkg krykc O> go df krdl jd Cgu hH lkoæof e ]kgd u henkv lm s s w T s 4g kyko suykc O> ]g ukeBc ]g jkp kLc rgc kt ]g , s w , s , s \ q s wa k;kv utk[ kd henkv kyG e okx lb df kNi jdkt l henkv jlwn ulm s s s a X a w s s s 4g krdl yp hH kri kr xkNi gjr hl , s s s w b ]kgd ulm `g krgj kgd go ]g jkp knk;† lcl kt e hr¬c hjkgér df s , a , s s s X q wa w Ni g; e k;D 4g hujd tk[ hdlm >e `Ni k;D e jGf df kgd ulm kr T , s s q wa w T s s 2e hr¬c hjkeg g Cgu henkv jkp klt lm ]kx;ktc X T s , s hjlkc k;D go 4g kOw> ]g ukeBc ]g jkp henkv go `kxs;ktc hjlkc k;D q a , , s , s q a henkv go ]yk;“ g; kLkN ]kgd ulm ]kF kgd ulm l henkv ltf 4g krk s s\ s s s , tc hjlkc kNπv rgc go ]g kul ue 4g k;kv utk[ kd do; kyG e df q a q , q s T wa s s s q a T kNi jrhH d okx jdkt sulm 4kF kvg k;x e okx hcutv dS henkv dS w s a q X a 4g hrxy sukg rhri ydrfi ]Z<iI‘d ]n[n thp kgt ]g r[n l kgo T s z w z w q X a T s s s a eg k'eg 4g r[n l Gjr hd l¬gf j/v k'eg kd kthp eg 4g <ik'kj s T s s s s s s a s s X , Z w uf hLc I‘fn hjkeg Ar;ükekl 4Sgfkp I‘fn Z<ik'kv Syf d d/kl ]kgd uTe \ 1 1 w s s 4xOc Syf d uk;÷ d _fkj eg nkc d u>el rkc uhr7kn s X , s s s s X s 4xjd rkc ji um eg yd s X s kr sxgj pc uæi Nd jGf jkv Sgfkp husy >el Xrkc uhr7kn e /cal lb X z q , s X a 4g uOfd rgc kuPc sxkv jGf kr kg u Fkl ue <ikuFki ]kg , q \ s s Z w Z z s u Fkl <kdI‘fn <inukv kd u[n kd uoht ]kg u Fkl k'kv ]kg u Fkl ; s 1 Z w a s s s s s Z ,/ ]kg u Fkl dlm k{hri rauv kgo 4g krkt Gjr hd Hi ;‘ue ji r¬kj s s z a , q z q s d ydv ]ji r¬kj d rkdS 4;x Pc kurdf eg df dl yef ulkoækv sll s s s s s a s \ s tf ]hryp Cgu Fkl LhH Bkd kgt 4;x yp kurdf eg df dl yp kri sl \ s a s s utf ]g Sg sxy Cgu ukI¬ ybke Bkd kgt ]ji r¬kj d rkKv e uoht d ; T q s s a s s X s ‘ue 2k'kv jkv k{hri3kxdl 4kxdl kg klji go ]kxkg Cgu hH yd kt 6k q , z s s s X s s xdl kg yd go ]kvg Cgu tkv kt l k{hri ruv3[n kd uoht l k{hrzi s s q s s z a X s s s 4g krdl Pc , \ Cgu sxkv pb dS d/kl kr ]Sg rxkH ]e kr?h' ]xX[n kd uoht e uiyo a s q s X z s s s X s
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kt Li dG kd ukelkv jkv uhet e krykg kukn udfy 4kxs;kv Cgu ugd \ Z , X X X s s s Nd Bkd ]jd kla'i gkp ]jd r;kd'f gkp3jd gkp kt ]hd henkv g ñte q s s z s s s s s s , `jd r;kd'f eg Sy X f dlm ]g Cgu lki jkeg kt k; n nko;ü/ eg Syf dlm ]g lki jkeg kt s , s s X s , s s `Wd k;D e `n nko;ü/ Syf dlm ]g "' l a T wa s , s ki je kt k; Wd Idi /k∂ rfi d ukoxH Syf dum ]g s;x yp kt ji k s s s a z s z s s T s s , s n e 4g "s' kr Nd cl jkv hHv ]g "' [kv kukn hje ]g "' Fkg kukn T T s q , T s X a X s s T s X s je hHv `kvg k;D kr ;x hg ji kukn 4CF Cgu hH [kv kukn hdltf]g k[ s s q s s , X s X a X s , n hH henkv klß sue 4F s;x Id hH Fkg kukn dltf ]g k[n hH henkv kl s T s X s s , s ß ue 4g "s' hHv Fkg kukn je ]g "s' [kv kukn hje ]kgd u henkv lm s T T X s s s T X a X s s s 2kg gj lg j,kv kg gj kuxux rhx s s a s s q q er jkv g Sg Id ji kukn jkgér `g k;D lki jkgér ]r¬kn je ]kNi sl q , T q s , X s s q , s q s s s w henkv lm sulm 4kF kvg kjH l /k∂ rfi d ke®keji go ]hF Ikp hl7kjt q s s z s s e ji dlm 4g kgj kuqxuqx rhx jkv g kgj lg ]g kvg kOc ji ñld go X , s , , , a , q , q ]g Sg Id ji kukn dlm 4g jkol hH henkv jkv dS ji IGyf df g k[sn T q s , X s s , , , s ulm ]g hxy uOm I©yf hg lt 4g kgj kt jiM ]g kgj jd hjkol e I© , s s , , , X yf dS hd dk;w;ü ]e ytfe hLc dS hd ukde dS 4g kvg krjd knuV hd Z X a \ , q a ke®keji ]h[n rgc ]upc rgc go 4g h;x xy Ikp e ji d henkv dS q q , s q , s X , s 4g Cgu hH Nd ]x;ki kr ]xgj , q s X s s X rtk[ kd ryx k; sxtk[ Cgu 4g Nd rgc ]g Nd rgc ]xX;ki kr xtk[ s s s X s , q q , q q s s s X s `dl kt k;kyt k;hn ]dl kt k s s ;kuc kr¬kj ]dl kt hLkr ykohn ]dl kt kyk[ jk} l kgt ]g Cgu hH Nd s s\ s s s a , q e k;rfF¬fjfi um k;D `Cgu kuokHl hd h_e hH Bkd e k;rfF¬fjfi um X X a , s X X `Cgu krydquv hH Bkd e k;rfF¬fjfi um k;D `hd H' g Cgu kuokHal hH w s X X q , Bkd e k;rfF¬fjfi um k;D 4g kujd jkpof ji k;rfF¬fjfi huiv hLkF kr s X X , X s\ s 4g krkt yef eg hgo ]g Li yduf utk[ k;D eg 4g , X T s \ s s , krkt yef eg hgo 4g Cgu ;pækv kr ;kt yef eg hgo ]g rtk[ kt eg X , Z s s X T s s s 4g rkt ryef xke jgx l jgx jkv T s s Z s s s , d kyG lm tkj7tkj 4g krkt kyp krkg rDe l kIkd jrjuf kr¬kj kdlm s X w s s s , s q s X a a kr g yG g; df dl tk[ hH yG dS go e yxt d kIkd u? l u? jk s , w s s w X a s X a s s s , v 4g k;D Hq' df dl tk[ go e rfF¬f d;®i 4Sgfkp Z;ƒekl hd u[n kd , s s X s z s s s {i <i'kdi rgc 4Sgfkp I‘fn hnkok'kv rgc l iW I‘i¬ Syf d d/kl Z w z q 1 q s s 4g krkt kyp krkg rHhu? okH kd gjr hlm jrhH , s w jkeg jh/7jh/ ]jh/7jh/ ]hxkg hjkeg I‘fn kt jkv `g k;D I‘fn hjkeg `g s s s s s s 1 s , , 1 T s s rtk[ k;D eg `hyx hnax Bkd hd knuV k; jk} kd kl'i Bkd ]g r[n k;D s a a z s T s s
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044 fo 54 egaP

4kukt kg L[ jki d k;rfF¬fjfi ]kukt s s \ s X Om jiM ]kukt Ig jn ]kukt Om jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi3g Fv hg; kd uk;÷ w s X T Z kd jn hLkF g gj kt jgkc d rfF¬fjfi eg df g hg kurb Fv kd uk;÷ s s s\ T s s , Z 4g Cgu yG hH Bkd l ugj rkj Syf d , s s s s s s X k;rfF¬fjfi 4Sgfkp hukIqt kre{ hd ukg jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi jn hLkF kr s s s X s s\ s 4g hrkt uc rfF¬f Syf d jH uoh , s t unf hlm ]kxkg yk;[ hH kd <{ dS g; unf ltf 4g hrkt ync jkv g s s T , T hrkv thp 4g krkt gj Cgo kr e 4krjd Cgu Igkync jdkt jrhH je hH X wa s T s s Nd ]krjd Cgu rk∂rfv kd k<ki je hH Nd ]Cgu krN >e hH Nqd 4g k q a s X z s s q w s q wa rkt gj kL[ xyv ]dFi e ]g krkt gj kL[ jn e jkv ]g hrkv hejx ]g \ 1 T wa \ w T , , , hrkv k"o ]g hrkv rh' ]g hrkv i/ 4g hrkt jtx jkv g hrkv Skog ]g Z , , w T q , T a T hrkt gc jkv g hrkv aSkjk/ ]g krkt gj kL[ jn kr e df kxkg ;nm ok , T wa \ w s T s H kd h{kl lb phc d uoht unf ltf ]kxkg /kc kd krdFi lb unf ltf s s s 1 4g krkt gj kL[ xyv k'eg henkv , \ s jkv g krkt jtx cl l lkilkv d henkv 4g hrkt kv rkj ]g kryduf t , , q s s , , jl ]g hrkv gcl ]g hrkv >kl 4g jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi k'eg kurp hd ; w , q , a , s X s s ‘ue df g kryp kri ji ukt jd <e∂rfv kd k;rfF¬fjfi hH kd <{ dS q , s X s 4g jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi go 4g , s X , jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi k'eg go3g hrkt jtx jkv g hrkv lkilkv dlm k; s X s T q , T s a rfF¬fjfi3k'eg kr go df g krkt yp kri g; lm ]g krkt kg l iW rp s s , s , s s s l hH kd k<{ l LkF jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi huiv henkv kt ]gj <je¬ jkv s X s s s\ s X s s , `krdl kt kvg Cgu jgkc d k;rfF¬fjfi r>wc7rukt Syf d jn hLkF k;D q s X s s s s s\ 4g rkt kg jgk T s s c d k;rfF¬fjfi ikv kgt ]g hrkt y Cgd kdikv nCu 4g rkt gj h[l ik s X a , s s T s q v u ]g rkt gj h[n ikv u 4g rkt gj jhev u ]g rkt gj chjx ikv u T s q T s T s 4g hrkt gj hLi jgkc k;rfF¬fjfi hjkl hdikv ]g hrn jd rDe tkj nCu T \ a , s q s `krdl kt kvg Cgu q rDe l k;rfF¬fjfi huiv Syf d k<{ l LkF e sI? lhckp k;D ]rkc hjlwn q s X s X s s s\ X a , `g Cgu kuokH , al hH Bkd <ik'kv kgo k;D df tk[ e k;rfF¬fjfi df ]kxgd kdikv e kr s Z w a X s X X wa s T s 4g rxy uIky sNhi hH end Sg Om dlm ]g kr T s s , q s s , kt jH l k'kjuf kt 4g krdl kOm end sxkv go ]g krkt jH l k'kv kt s s , , s s 4l k'kv ]l kry¥Gi ]g krkt jH l nukv jh/7jh/ ue kyko un nko;ü/ s s q z , s a s s s s 4g krkt kg 'kjuf jkv g krkt kg lknm sjh/7 , s , , s jh/ ue kyko sujd r;kd'f 4hxL\i huys> kLhi kd n[ l dG lm jkv kx; s s \ s q s Z , s
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044 fo 64 egaP

4g rgj re? lkilkv d T s s w s k{hji jH rkj kr g rkt kl o ct rkj rPi7srPi df g rukt ñFk|of 4g s T s s s s \ \ T s T rgj re? lkilkv d /k∂ uil d rkj kr g s;x kl e /k∂ ikv jxv 4g s s w s s s s s T s X s , hrkt kg rhr;ø e krpf rkj kr g ;x kl e krpV ikv jxv 4g hrgj hre s X a s T s s X , w ? lkilkv d k'n hlm kurp jH rkj ]g hrkg k'n kt hd ue dikv e < s s , s s s X { lm ]g hrkg Wq' nCu jkv g krkg rîkel kuxkt l kgt ]g jk} kd phc T s , , s s a , kt go ]g <{ kd <e∂l kt go e <{ erfav lm ]g rkg I‘ofi e tko s , a s X T s s z X s jn d nCu ikv ct ]g <{ hj[fkv kr ]g rkl ikv ct ]<{ erfv sd nCu s T s T s s a 4kg u yk;[ kdikv n;k' g; 4g hrkt uc kl¬gf kd uk;÷ k–uf hji ]r s s , w kj hji jh/7jh/ jGf kr kursp ;kt kg I‘ofi e uk;÷ e k<{ rkl jxv 4g w s s s s s z X X X s s , hrkt kg rr√ojfi e uk;÷ e ;el hg Nd jh/7jh/ rkj hji kr ;kt k;kt s X X q s s w s s kl jdkg 'soi e uk;÷ l dhO jxv 4g kdke jkv jlov rHnv rgc rkj s s z X s , , , q q 4g Syf d ujd ygi d sukl uk;÷ kd _fkj 4g Syf d , s s s s s , s s ujd nkc d uxkt uk;÷ kd gcl 4Xy >el rkc kn e /cl d uk;÷ d _fkj s s q X s X a a s s 4xOc Syf d s X , s uk;÷ d _fkj eg jGf 4y >el rkc hl7hLkF e /cl d uk;÷ d _fkj cv s X s\ X a a s s 4g krkt p , gi ;æov go ]g kvg kjH l k{hri jkv k'kv ]g krkt kyp hg kryp kt qa , q s z , , s 4;kt pgi dr krkÛ ;e/e hH X qa X s q jkv ikv jdjtx l kr¬kj uOfd g krdl kg 4u ;kjc? Syflb 4g jkv h , q s X , s X , , g kFd hd ojkx jkv kFd hd ;tof dum ]hd uy rht dum 4g jkv hg n , , s s s s , , aukv kd uy ki dum ]g jkv hg kte kd k;/çfyim hdum ]g rkv jdjtx s s s , , X T s q s X l kr¬kj uOfd LkF kt xky o df g krgkp kun gd hH g; e rv e jkv s s\ s s s wa s X a T , 4g krkt Cgu kr¬kj dr lm l kgt ]Cgu gxt , s a hH Bkd hlß udfy 4Li kuL\y ]L\i kurht ]Li kuLkn ]Li kuLkr ]sLi kukj s s s \ s s \ ,\ s \ s\ \ dI kLkF ]g krdl kg 4kg kr¬kj Lck[7LcM kLkF g krdl kg 6kg kr¬kj ky s\ , s s \ \ s\ , s s hjFi kLkF g krdl kg 4kg krkt u kr¬kj dr Hi l kgt ]g Cgu gxt hH s\ , s s q z s a , Bkd hlß 4g krkt yef jWt kr¬kj ]ykduf kr¬kj ]n u "kn kd k;rfF¬fjfi s , X X s s X 4g krkg /çyim l uk;÷ oHuv kd ukg j , s s q s s gkc g; 4g jgkc k'eg 4g jgkc k'eg udfy ]g hj?f e k;rfF¬fjfi kurp , s , s s , X X s hd ;‘ue l,o dhO ];kt j?f e kynkc tjl lt 4F jgkc k'eg hH jdskg q s s X X w s , s s j?f udfsy ]F jWt kr j?f eum ]F j?f eg l Xk;rfF¬fjfi utf df g kr s s s s X s s s , yp kri cr jkv 4g hrn jd W' kusy ukLm e k'nf h;u dS kurp 4g srk , , s q \ X s T t IN sNhi cl uoht7Fv pπc7hu®i ]jk}7j? ]k;rfF¬fjfi hg lo ]g krjd w Z s a s , , 'oi e ;ü' d uk;÷ Bkd hg lt dhO 4g rkt IN phu ynkc ]g rkt IN s z X w s s s , T s w s T s w s phu Lkgi ]g rkt IwN phu {o 4kg kgj Lm jiM ji tkgt Bkog Bskd slt \ T s s 1 s \ ,
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044 fo 74 egaP

4g kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd jhj' yFf'f 4g kry , s , p <jkd d uI¬ ]g kryp <jkd d okur kri kd jhj' 4Cgu hg g jhj' s ≠s , s , ]g kryp kri 4g krkg oHuv kd okH hjhj'v kr g krkt kg yFf'f yqdy , , s q s , s cf jhj' ct 4g hrkt kg kni lulsyhLkc kr g krkg yFf'f jhj' ct jkv , s , s s , s , 4kx;kt kg yFf'f ydycf jhj' ]sx;ki ikv g; ]e unf pki7ln sl uj s s q X X a s d Iuef uhr7kn 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' df okH g; 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj s , s , s ' df Iuef kn7dS ]gj rjd jn hLkF okH g; ZGlf 4n kd jhj' l'tl sl s X s s s\ X s a s 7LkF ]ok>l l sLkF Syf d kryFf'f hd jhj' jGf 4y jd nc [kv sl kr s s\ q s s\ s X a a ¬gfkv jGf 4;kt Isy l ekjkv jkv ]n LkN kyhP ydycf ]kg u ji jhj' o X s , X s\ q s kp[V7okur Bkd ][j u okur Bkd ]n LkN kyhP xav dS7dS 4kg gj u hg s X s X s\ X s <ki Bkd e jhj' lt ]n LkN kyhP ydycf ]kg u okur Bkd ji jhj' 4 z s X s , X s\ q s s g hjWt kun LkN lDyjf ]g hjWt kun LkN yFf'f kd jhj' jkl ]rkc dS , s s\ s , s s\ s s 4g hjWt huy e y T s X k;[ rkc uhr7kn e ujd xsk;i 4jd kdlb jkv X;kt Iy ji jr¬cf 4g kuj X s X s z X s , s , d hg jdIsy kd xk;i lb 4;kt kg I‘ofi e nCu hji Ijd jLav hdlm ];k s s z s s z X w X s t kg I‘ofi e nCu go ]kg W' kjk/ kt e uk;÷ dfkr ];kt kl ikpip nkc s z X s q s X X s q d uk;÷ 4jd u hH Nd jGf ]Cgu Om jGf ]X;kt kl ikpip nkc d ujd s X q X s q s s uk;÷ jkv 4jd kd uk;÷ lb Syf d Iuef g–i cr ]kgj Cgu "' kd ujd h , X s s a s s s H Nd cv ];kt Iiuf l ekd cl ];kt kl ct ji jr¬cf ]erfav 4g kd u q X s X s , s jd ygi d nCu uk;÷ kd _fkj g; 4g hrkt I? kuI? oirHv dS kr ;kt s s , Z w w s s s kg rD;l nCu Fkl d uk;÷ 4hukt Cgu hH hHd e uoht ueg nCu hlß d q a s X s f jGf g rgd s>e so ]g rkt xky kt ]g s;x e k–uf Fkl d uk;÷ xky kt T s q T s s s T X s s s 4xX;kt kg s;u ]xX;kt kg tkr ]x;kt s s s s s s X kg rk' I? lhckp dikv ];kt rhc e k–uf rk' jxv ]I? rkl ]Ia? gN s a s a , s X X a s a s d rkj jkv 4hx;kv e <je¬ dikv kt ]hxkg rkc hygi uk;÷ hg rOm jkv s , s X s s s s , sxOm gjr hd henkv s;u ydycf ikv gcl 4hxs;kt kg W' hukg rfk∂ ywe X q q s q s a kv dS e uoht ji dikv kr X;kt kl jdkg 'oi e uk;÷ e _fkj tkj ikv X s w s s s s s z X X s df s;kt kg oHl g; jxv 4g ;¥e rgc kd ukt skl e uk;÷ _fkj Syflb s a , w q s X 4F s;kl ikv rkj kgt ]g srk s s a T t kg L[ gcl jGf ikv gxt hlm 4kF jkpof erfav ]kF okH erfv ;el s s \ q a srkl kt ]g krkt kg /çyim kd okH hlm ygi lcl Rpf kr ]kd suII d n s s , s s s s s w s Cu g krkg <{ kygi kt gcl df kx;kt yp kri kr xjd 6kg k;df u <{ , s s q s s s X s hjuf ]kg k;df u yk;[ hHd n;k' uikv kr g rOm ikv ct hH gcl jkv s s s T s q , 4g kre? Cgo Rpf ]g krkt uc –d ]g krkt , w , X , uc l;yDfq;ü lkilkv dlm jH rkj ]e <{ ygi d nCu g krkg kgt Rpf s X s s , s a
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044 fo 84 egaP

r ]kxn ok>l kr tkv e kdikv jkv 4kx;kt k;nf jd xyv 'kdi jGf ]d wa q s T s , s z X l Iy ikv df ;kt kg ji ylkG urb xky cl kr 4xjd xk;i eg cv kr s X s s s s s s X s z s 4kg k s {kdkv ]tk[ ]klkKtf ]hjk;r hjkeg hurtf ]g krdl kg <io®ge hg kurm a s , , s Z w go ]g krdl kg Z<io®ge rgc kdlm hH ek<jfi kg; j,kv 4g hjWt kujd , s w q a , Syflb ]Xy >el ikv xk;i kr kg; 4;kt kl jkv jd ;el rkl ji ukF¬ s z s a X s , X s s suiv jdkt kd xk;i jGf 4Xy >el ikv dfkr ]xjd kd xk;i eg kr kg; s s z s X s s z s a 4g kukt kl jdy Iojd ikpip nkc dlb jG , s s q s f 4Iufef ln dS 4g kugj rjd jdIy hgo ]kF k;df xk;i ueg gcql kt ] , s s s z s s ikpip jGf jkv 4g kusn LkN rk' kdub3jkpof jkv lkoæ ]jhj'3rkc uhr q , , s\ a s , X 4g kugj rul ikpip cl3kxkg kryp kyO ]hxkg hryp hlDI ]xkg ry , s q q s s s , s X s duf ugko ]xkg ryduf xky ji r¬kj 4kd ktkokv ]kg hrkv tkokv Bkd 6 s X s s s s X s s kd –el ]kd kr“jn ]kd kvkog3g kugj rul ]g kukt gj Li ikpip jGf s q s X s X , s q , s \ q df g hgo rkc hFkp3kF k;df uk;÷ ueg kt gcl jkv 4g un ok>l uhr ; , , s s q , T s s q s 4g gj kg r T s s k' hH jkpof df g kun ji ue ok>l kjlhr jGf 4g rkt kg <h{ jkpof a , s q T s s kr g hrkg rk' lkoæ ]Tg hrkg rk' ikv uiv lkoæ kr g krkg yFf'f jhj' s , s a s a s s , s 2,g hrkt kg rk' hurb ]g hgj kv Cgu df g hgj kv lkoæ df g kryp Cgu hH kr s a , , , i ji sujd xk;i unf LkF 4hxLi eyke hrkt7hrkv i¥v rgc ]hxs;kt kg r s z s s\ s \ w q s k' lkoæ hg rjd7rjd okH 4g hgj kg rk' ]g hgj skg rk'3g hgj kg rk' a s s , s a , a , s a hH lkoæ df g kujd okH g; dr Iuef uhr7kn jkv 4;kv s;kv ]s;kt ;kt , s , s s hurtf 6g kun LkN yFf'f ]g Cgu kudkj 4g kun Ls\kN kyhP kd lkoæ jGf T s s\ , s , s s 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' ]g kun ok>l g; dr , s , s q Iuef uhr kn kr 4Cgu hg g jhj' ]g k;x kg rîkel jhj' lt ]yp kri k s s , , s s , s s dikv kr jd xk;i kg; eg ct hg tkv df 4g krdl kg hg tkv ]Xjd xk; s X s z a , s s z s i l hIjf;lflV ]l hjknukeB dhO xky kt jkv ]e xk;i d unf g–i dS j s s s , X s z s a kv 4syp u hg kri kdlm df kun LkN yFf'f kurb kd jhj' ygi sd uk;÷ , s s\ s s 4g kryp Cgu kri Bk , s d kd ;ƒ¬ko¬ ]g kryp kri kd hjkehc 4krkg Cgu <{y Bkd jkv kd F¥g , s s , s 4kg kryp u kri hH Cgd kd jhj' lm df g <{y hg dS kd henkv F¬o¬ s s , 4g krkg / , s kc kd jhj' Cgo ]g krkg okur e jhj' kgt 4Cgu k; g jlf df g kryp s , s X a , , Cgu kri Bkd hH kd jlf kr kg u nn e jlf 4Cgu k; hH g ji df kryp s s s Z X , , Cgu kri Bkd kd ji kr Cgu kIkd e ji jxv 4g kryp kri kd jlf kr skg s , s a X , , s Z X nn e jlf ]g kryp kri kd ji kr s;kt Lx kIkd Xe ji ]kxkg kri kdikv , , s \ a , s s
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044 fo 94 egaP

gj ru X s l ikpip ]kd ktkokv ]kd kvkog3gj rul ikpip cv 4g k;x kg uke cl q q s X s X X s q q , s , 4g s;x kg rk' hH jkpof 4g gj kg rk' jkpof 4g gj kg rk' j T s a T s s a T s s a kpof 4g gj kg rk' jkpof 4g gj kg rk' jkpof 4g gj kg rk' hH jkpof T s s a T s s a T s s a g hgj , kg rk' lkoæ 4g hgj skg rk' lkoæ 4g hgj kg rk' lkoæ 4g hgj kg rk' l s a , a , s a , s a koæ 4g hgj kg rk' lkoæ 4g hgj kg rk' lkoæ 4g hgj kg rk' lkoæ 4Xn L , s a , s a , s a s\ kN heh/ ydycf hH lkoæ 4g hgj kg rk' lkoæ 4n LkN keh/ hH kd lkoæ q , s a X s\ s 4g k;x kg rk' jkv yFf'f ydycf jhj' 4g Cgu jhj' udfy ]g {o , s a , q , s , 1 ]g 'kdkv ]g ;kog 4kg u hg o®r¬fv Bkd kd jhj' lt ]Cgu hg kg slt 4 , T X s s s , s , g k;x kg yFf'f jkv rk' ydycf jhj' 4g k;x kg yFf'f jhj' ]jd okH , s , a q , s X 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kt , s , s , krkg yFf'f ydycf jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj s q , s , s ' 4g Cgu hg <ki Bkd e jhj' lt ]n LkN kyhP ydycf 4g kgj kg yFf' , z s X s , X s\ q , s f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' ]jd oHuv g dhO , s , s X q , 4x;kt kg s X s W' sukg ek<jfi hg Fkl d okH 4jd oHuv Fkl jse ]g krn ok>l e jGf q s s X q s wa s q T X s\ n LkN kyhP jhj' ]y jd nc [kv X a a 4n LkN kyhP jhj' ]y jd nc [kv 4X;kt Iy yqdycf X s\ X a a s 4;kv u ]s;kv jlov <o¬ klß s Z ]rkdS kurb 4yef u ]yef rkj rqHnv hurb 4jd xk;i kji kd jlov lb a s s X s z w ]y kn;kG kji kd X w s , dke lb! 4;kt Isy gxt huiv7huiv 4;kt Iy gxt huiv7huiv ]g dhO X X s , 4dl kt jgx jkv dl jd xk;i kji ikv dfkr ]X;kt Iy l ekjkv kgo j X s , X s z w s s a kv ;kt kg e ydv ydycf 4y kuc gxt hn¥t ikv df g kry uke e ]akg , X s X s s q X wa s T 4;kt X Ig hH Cgd ]y kuc gxt huiv7huiv 4kg u k/kc hH kd hldf ]Cgu rhpr X s s kc hH kjt 4g Cgu /cl Bkd l rhprkc dfk;D ]jd u hH ydycf rhprkc , a a s s X X q 4;kt Ig Syflb ]kxLi kuIy dfk;D ]s;kt Ig LkF akg X s s X s s\ 4;df rhprkc ku s cf ikpip ]y kuc gxt huiv hlß ]dl Iy xky cl jkv kxgj Cgu kvg k q X X s s , s q rN kd hldf Bkd 4X;kt Ig ji ylkG LkF ]y kuc gxt s;yf uiv7uiv kr w s s s s s\ X s s s 4;kt kl jkv jd kd xk;i ikv j X s , X s s z dkt ji jed suiv jGf ]g un ok>l k;D df s;kt kv e yk;[ kdikv dfk s T s s q X s
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044 fo 05 egaP

df g krkg kni eH g; sl krdFi hlm n;k' 4g krkt kg dFi go ]kF kØ , s , z 1 , s 1 db jkv rD;l Fkl d ke kt 6g hrkg W' k_k; hd krdFi dS nH dS c , q a s a s , s q 1 s r 4xyv sl ke g krkt II kr jhj' cr ],g krkg eüt kd pπc l Ii d ke a , w s s s s s s a kgj Cgu /acl Bkd ]kgj Cgu rl Bkd phc jkeg j,kv uoht 4g ;x a s q s s s T s kg L[ jn7jn Nd eg l uoht 4g h;x II krukrdS hdlm ]krdS7e®kv s s \ w w q s , w hdlm sl uoht df hg; n;k' go ]g ;≈kHn kLc lcl kt e uoht d ;‘ue , Z q \ s s X s q ]ue®kv ;if z 4Bg rîkel dOc 4;kt kl ikpip nkc d sujd kd xk;i jGf jkv 4gj Xe q , X s q s s s z , s yk;[ dikv go ktkr dfkr ]jd ji jr¬cf hHv rkj jdkt skd xsk;i lb s X z 4X;kv Om l jh/ 4kg u k/kc e lskLi kd hldf 4;kt O s s s X \ s X c ikpip jdOm 4XOm l kr¬gfkv 4gj Isy jn hLkF kr uc u rOm l endS , q s X s s s\ s s s s 4;kt Oc jkv Om jh/7jh/ jGf 4y jk X , , X s s s , v lkoæ hjgx jkp7kn go ]suc u rOm lltf 4;kt O,c jdOm ikpip ]jd s s s X q X u tkokv 4kg u k/kc kd hldf 4;kt Oc gxt huiv jdOm l kr¬gfkv rqgc s s X , s 4g rk' cl hH jgkc 4yk[ [kv l sjh/ , a X s a s s Isy hg Isy 4hxkg eyke hH jgkc hg hlo ]g jrhH rfk' hlt 4yk[ [kv sl s s w , , a , X s a jh/ rgc jGf 4y lkoæ hjgx jkp7kn 4y lkoæ hjgx jkp7kn jh/7jh/ cv s q X s X s s s 4hx;kpgi dr jnfe d ke®keji Arrav rfk' hg; 4 s qa a s a g kukg 'oi jgx jkv ]jgx jkv tkj 4g kujd 'oi tkj7tkj e rfk' hlb , s s z s , s , s , s z s s X a 4g k;x kg rk' , s a cl 4X>el kd rfk' lb 4ukpgi kd rfak' lb 4g k;x kg rk' ydycf ue s a s s , s a q 4Cgu hg g ikv 4g ;x Ief ydycf ikv 4g k;x kg uke cl 4 T T s q , s , ,g k;x kg rk' cl 4g h;kv jrm jrhH rfk' oiv dS 4g k;x kg rk' ue s a , a Z w , s a 4gj rul ]gj rul 4g ;x X s q X s q T s Ief ydycf ]g s;x kg rk' ydycf ikv 4g h;x gj rkj ]g h;x gj hg q T s a q , T Skog 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4g k;x kg rk' ydycf ue 4g k;x kg rk' ue a , s a , s a q , s a g kgj , kt krkg rk' cl ];kt Ief ydycf 4xX;kt Ief ikv ]hxX;kt gj Skog 4g s a X q s a , kgj kt krkg rk' ue 4gj rul ikpip ]gj rul 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue s a X s q q X s q , s a 4kx;kt kv ;ü' jkv kIkUl dS jrhH 4g kgj kt s w , , krkg rk' cl 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue jh/7jh/ 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue s a , s a s s , s a 4gj rul ikpip dr Iu X s q q fef ln 4gj rul kd kvkog rk'3ul 4kx;kt kg rk' hH jrhH Nd cl hg X s q s X a X q s s a q klo dhO ]g rk' jgkc hlt rkj 4kx;kt kg kIkUl ydycf jh/7jh/ jrhH , , a , s s q s s
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2g Cgu ;≈k; _pf T s hH Bkd ]kgd u jkd_pf Pw\c lm udfy 4kF k;x gj xn jd[n a;o¬ Ikel s s s s a s z 4F ;kv _pf jnl dS l dS 2g LcLx _pf hHl 2g kuc Cgu dhO _pf s s qa s T \ \ , hH dS df hn jc[ ulm rkg7rkg >kl 2k;x kg nc jrhH d uoH lm hH s s s s s a s a s ;o¬ jkv k;yf jd nc e uoH Lc dS kd k_pf kjktg um u jkd_pf lm a , a X s \ s X X s 4kx;kt uc jge hd ;†kj hgo 4g kuc erO‘J _pf kl7ukd ]jd okup s q , s , s q go df k;kyc lm u Ikel 4kF jkdkyd kPc dS e huk/tkj 4F s;kv _p q s s z w\ X s f kjktg `g jnl _pf kl7ukd df kxjd ;r ukd udfy 4Sg rF¬fim e hu X , qa , s , s q X k/tkj jdkuc _pf d ∆xe Sg rykc jkd_pf erO‘J l kukd jn7jn d 'sn s q q s s s s X s w w s 4h;x hd k<"k? hd jkd¬ji Lc jkv 4 s q s \ , kx;kt kg rD;uf hH Qxkyd kd ;†kj ]kxkg hH rάji go ]kxdl ky jdku s s q q s q s c _pf raoht lcl jkd_pf kt 4g krgkp kukuc _pf kdlm ]kxe kvg kry s s , Z q q kc ]kvg krsn xkc dS ji jge 4g krgkp kukuc jge hd ;†kj go df hd j s q a q , q c[ kd kjkd_pf d ;†kj jkl u Ikel dS d uhp ygi "o jktg PL Bkd s X s s s z s s Z s\ s 4kxWd ''fkd hd uk>el e l kuI? hl7hIkN dS a s s T s s 4g ;koufv , Z kukt kg dS Fkl dlm ]g krdl kt kukt hH kt 4g krdl kt k;ht hH kt s s , s , s `g k;D ykohn hd ;≈kHn jln 4g ykohn , Z q s w , hd ukK ykohn hd ;≈kHn ygi ykohn hd ;≈kHn jln 4g krLi Cgu dG hH Z q s Z q s w , \ Z Bkd ]nH hH Bkd llb ]gd joæB Bkd lm ]gd {ke Bkd lm ]gd uoht s s s s s s s s s s s s Bkd lm 4g hH ;®l kd ;o¬ hgo ]g ;®l kd ke®keji kt 4g krdl jd s s , a , s , oHuv kd ;®l d ke®keji rDf;ø hg kt ]Sgfkp hukt jxf hH go 4g hujd q s s s , rkc likv s>e gcl tkv hg e /cl dlm 4g hH ykohn hjln dS udfy s q q X a a s , w s 4g hrkt jxf ykohn hygi hd phc dlm jkv uoht ]g kru , s , wa kt Cgu e df g krkt jH l <je¬ lb jkv g kry jd jkdho¬ kt kd ukK T , s , , s s s v 4g rfF¬f7r¬o hd ;‘ue ljku≈b ]ukKv 4Cgu knk;† l k_¬k' jkv rk0l , q q X s s X , a f ]nç' Sg [hl 4g ;®lv ukK ]g k;ƒef ukK ]kgd likv ue e <jp ygi q s , , s s T X s 4g <jp kjln Syf , w df d/kl kukt jd jki hg kd ;≈kHn lb 4g ;≈kHn hg; e uoht d ;‘ue s Z q , Z q X s q 2krkg Cgu /skc s Bkd ]krkg Cgu <je¬ Bkd ]krkg Cgu oHquv Bkd eg ]kd r}v lm ]kd n s s s s s X , sHv lm udfy 4Cgu krUHf Bkd kgo ]Cgu nsH Bkd kgo 4l uoht r¬el ]g s s a s a s , dFiv jkv dS ke®kv udfy ]g krkg xyv jhj' kd pπc l jhj' d ke 1 , s , s s s s a 4kxkg k;x Li nH hH e uoht d jrhH Syflb ]k;x k s s X s s g xyv jhj' n;k' 4sxkg ;x kg xyv hH <ki Syflb ]k;x kg xyv jhj' X s s z s
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9`g kgd _pf8 ]kgd u ktkj , a s 4kpgi Xe jkcjn ]kpgi e huk qa qa X /tkj 4s;ky jdkOm kd Pc lm o 4g Sg Oc lkilkv dlm xe ]g kvg kOc s s w\ s T q s , s q , q , phc d kxe go ]g kgj jd tkokv hl,t ∆xe go ]g kdp kg kxe dS kr s ˜ q , q , q s Z q s kPc go df k[sn ukgüm kr s;x o ct 4kr kg k;x uc _pf ]kvky kyc kd w\ s X s s s s s q s jkd_pf lm cv df stH xky u ktkj 4s;x kg ji "o uhr 4s;x rhc "o kn s s s s s w Z Z s 2kgj kOc , hg lki d kxe go ]Cgu hH k[n Gjr hdum jkv hd Cgu hH ∂Gf ulm 4 s ˜ q s , s kF kdp kg kxe chjd7chjd kPc go kr ;x xky o kjkckn ct 4g ;kv sl q s Z q w\ s s s s s T s huk/tkj jkv g _ef dlm o df kF k;yf hH kukpgi güm u jkd_pf Pc l , T s s X s s w\ m kr cr ]F s;x xky ct jkc hygi 4s;x stH xky jGf 4k;x rhc "o dS s s s s s Z 2kF kvg kOc lki d kxe hyxt kPc go 4;x xky q , s ˜ q a w\ s s `g kgj jd k;D go `kvg k;D kd yxki l , q m ]kvkxy kri df ktH kd kxsky u ktkj nkc uhge gN 4k;x kyp e yxt s s s X s s X a kPc go jkv h;x hn jd kF¬o;ø l Gjr hd huk/tkj Syf d "o uhr slm w\ , s s Z 9 4pc u wa k; pc rofht e Cgu kri ]X;kt xy "o uhr ed l ed8 ]kgd u Pw\c lm wa T Z s s s 9 4kjd hH Nd8 ]kgd u ktkj s q s 9 4g uOfd rgc kukuc _pf ygi dlm 4kxLi , q s s s \ kukg kxe >e udfy ];kt uc hn¥t rgc kr _pf kd xe8 ]kgd u Pw\c lm s Z q s q s s q s ∆ q s s 9`sxkdl kuc Cgu _pf kd xe dS ]jkdkyd Lc urb er8 ]kgd u Ikel s ∆ q s \ s q s z 9 4g rkc uOfd , rqgc kukuc _pf kd ∆xe e ikPc lb 4g rkc uOfd hLc8 ]kgd u Pw\c lm q X s q\ , \ s s 9 4kvkuc _pf Cgér cv jGf8 ]kgd u ktkj s q s `Cgu k; g kd ∆xe _pf df g krdl ukpgi ukd ;kolf d , q , , s ˜ q kxe df kgd u Qqxkyd Pc lm udfy 2hd k_pf hxs;kt h;kojd k{hji sl k s s w\ s X ˜ xe df kF Cgu hH kpkl ue g; 4h;x kg rchle hLc kr g; ]kgd u Ikel q s s T s q \ s s z 4g d kxe _pf df g rjd Cgu jkdho¬ T s ˜ q T s ∆ q xe _pf hH Bkd 4k;df xk;i sue go 4kF krdl kg Lnike hg dS ]u;jfI s s z T s a s bk∂ hg dS lc 2Cgu hH k[n Gjr hd k_pf ulm ]hd k{im ydycf ulm s X s s q s udfsy 2krkt kg jk;r kd suLy k; ]krxkH k; ]krn xkc k; krkjc? kxe s , s \ s a Z q go kr e Xk_pf rkg roht xe o jxv 2hd Cgu hH krpV ]hd Cgu hH ∂Gf s X s s a ∆ q s ]Cgu hH kukpgi kd kxe d k_pf um u ∆xe lm jkv k;x y kd xe kntV s ˜ q s X s q , s s ∆ q dS lki d k_pf e df g; go jkv kF krdl kg hg dS Lnike ]kgd ulm s X T , s a s 9 4g Cgu dhO _pf d , f kpkt rfkH ldf suer ]g k;D Lnike jkgér8 ]kgd ulm 4kvg ukjg ktkj a a q T a s q s q ,
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2g hd knuV ueg hdcl lm ]g I , s , di hH kt 4g iW Idi kd <ki Fkni dfk;D ]g hd knuV hd Fkni 4g iW I z s , z z Z X , Z , xi kd ke®keji jkll dfk;D ]g hd knuV hd jkll 4g iW Idi kd uoht j z a X , a , z hj' dfk;D ]g hd knuV hd jhj' 4g hd knuV rfkH cl hd uoht ueg jkv X , , a s , `g krkt gj kgd xke kd ukg r/fcal , a Z s s a Fkl dlm ]kg F;ø ]kg jklv kt ]kg /kjof kdltf ]kg knuV hdltf 4g hn s s Z s s s s s , jd hL[ Bk[ dS phc d uoht jkv ;‘que hg u kvk{'f um ]g k;df u' \ s , s X , s s a ueLd kd uoht ]g hd knuV hd uoht hH u kvk{'f utf ]hH u kxsky utf , s X s X 4g kgd Syf d ukt kg rDe l uoht ]g k , s s s q s , gd ;≈k; sun LkN kd uoht ]g kgd [n kd uoht ]g kgd jklv kd uoht s s s\ s , q s , s ]g k;df /kjof kd uoht ]g hd knuV hd uoht ukgütf ]<jkd d kxky slß , s , s X s X s Nd syko suk>el kd ;‘ue dr tkv3e rfkt7;‘ue g h;x kg kni Bk[ g; q s q X q , s , 4g hrdl , kt hd hH hji <{ hlb Bk[ g; n;k' kr g hjWt kuy >el lb `h;x skg w s , s s kni ld Bk[ g; ]jkjn g; phc jkeg jkv d uoht `k;x kg ld UNπfof , s , s , s s s , kjkeg rhxl g; ];y g h;x II ld g; 4Sg Cgu 0c;y eg hHd ]h/kl a , w s , q Cgu krukrdS ]krdS hHd Fkl d uoht sueg 4Cgu hH kxkg kri kd uoht s s 4g Cgu kri hH Bkd kd uoht eg df g jc[ hd rkc lb ;H , s X , kd ;®e 4hrkt gj Cgu ;®e Bkd Syf dlm ]Cgu hg hrpc q;®e Syf sdl q 1 q 1 s s 1 m ]kxsy [p kd nko¬ d uoht jkc dS rDf;ø kt dfk;D ]g rkg rhri rhH s s s X T s s z ;H l q;®e eg kr ;yfhlb 4kd _keeku3g rkg eyke rofht kd _keeku s 1 s s s T s s w s Glf eg kr Syfhlb `g rdl ld hH ht eg lm ]Cgu rukt eg ltf jkv Z s T s s , s s s , 4dl ukt kd uoht Bkd df g Cgu kr¬kj Bkd kucf Sg dS Fkl d uoht s s s , s q s 4g ;®l hgo 4g Hi hg <ki kd uoht 4krdl kt kukt Cgu hH kd ke®kv h , , q z z s d uoht ]kd <ki d uoht ]kucf Sg dS Fkl d uoht ]kucf d ;Dß7e®kv s z s q s s 9`g k;D ke®kv hdlm ]g k;D l jrhH kxe df g krdl , , s Z q wa ukt ld dr cr ]Mkt kg u dS Fkl d xe ]Mkt kg u rkle®kv e dr s , a s s ∆ q a s T ct jkv 4g krkg k;D go df kLi kuukt l jrhH kd xe >e 4kF krdl j , , s \ s s ∆ q s q d refuf kd xe e hHr ]kF hjWt kukt kg kxe >e ygi8 ]kgd u Pw\c lm Z s Z q T s Z q s q s s s 9`uer e _pf lb g k;df nkt k;D8 ]kgd u ktkj s q X , w s 4xkH jgkc d jed jkv s;x jL xe jd[n kd _pf lm kr s s s , ∆ q s s s s s ;x ;ky jrhH d jed xe ct jkv 4k;nf kuc _pf e jH hL? ulm jkv s s ∆ q , X \ s , 9 4n kuc _pf e ]Xy kyc ukekl 4kxs;kt uc hHv kr _pf8 ]kgd u Pw\c lm wa T q s s s 9`g kgd _pf 4kg ;x kv jdkg xe eqr 4Sgfkp _pf kd kx , a s s s ∆ q Z q s q e >e ]Sgfkp Cgu kxe s>e ]yxki8 ]kgd su ktkj 2hd tkokv hd xe ulm Z q q ∆ q s
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4g krdl kt kvqg Cg , u r/fcl l kyhy rgo lb hd uoht jGf kr kg u k'n7okH kt g; 4x;kt a a s 1 s s s s X kg I‘ofi e iWv lm ]Cgu iW Bkd kgt 6Cgu ak;–fb Bkd kgt 6Cgu gn Bk s z X s a a s a s s d kgt 6Cgu ;®e Bkd ]Cgu eüt Bkd akgt ]gxt lm e {ke eg 4kx;kt g a q 1 s s X s s j u <jkd Bkd hH kd eüt jkeg unf lm ]sxX;kt kg I‘u iki jkeg unf l s s X s tf jkv 4g <jkd kd kiki jkeg g; ]eüt eg jkv 4g F;ø cl df sgd g; , , X s s , , Z kjkeg Rpf jkv X>el jklv l Rpf jkv kg uhlknm l Rpf eg ct jkv , s , X s , 4g krkg ewyke <_euf kd ukt kg uhlknm ]kd ukt Ig l u , s a s s s s oht ]kd suy jd nc [kv ji uoht e/ 4krkg eyke Cgu <_ekv kd ukg s a a Z s w a s s ryfeéfl e naukv d uoht 4g k;x uc kd /"uf7uoht Nd ]hnkok;®ge®kv X s , s q Nd ]yLbkl;¬ Nd ]h[eük<je Nd hg urpV kd e/ 2g kukt kg rDe sl q q q q s q Z , s q uexkokv ]g kukt kg rDe l uoht ]g kukt Ig l uoht ]g kun LkN uo , s q s , s , s s\ ht ]g F;ø uoht df g krkt kg Wq' kukv yk;“ g; hg rjd jkpof kd e/ , Z , s s Z 4g dofkHko¬ y , dycf kr kg hn jd hL[ ykohn dS jxv phc d uoht jkv jkeg ulm]g q s s \ s , s s , u'ueLd ]g knuV l iW hnk;ufc hd uoht kt g; ]g /kjof kt g; 4,g k; s s a , s q s , s s df /kjof ]g hd knuV hd uoht su kd{'f d dr cv d rfkt7;‘ue udfy s , X s s q s 4krkg s k;x uc rhxl dS uoht tkv ]krkg kjH l nukv uoht tkv ]hrkg hjH sl a s s a s e/ hoƒi tkv ]hrkg hjlwn hoƒi tkv kr 2krkg kvg rD;øHfv ojkx jkv Z 1 s 1 s s q , , kejfx hd uoht sl k;<fko hurb ]l k[e urb ]'kd 2rkg s;kx rhx d nu X s X q s s s s a kv d uoht u kxky urb ]'kd 2hrkg h;x hd kl'i hurb hd uoht ]'kd s s X s s s a z 4g uOfd tkv kukxy cklgf kdltf ]g h;x hd jg , , fkt k<? hurb ]g k;x k;df /kjof kurb ]g h;x hd knuV hurb hd jklal 1 , s , jkv ]hd jhj' jkv hd Fkni ]hd uoht jkv hd jkdkv jkv ]hd iW udfy , , Z , , s 4g Cgu , hg kri Nd lm kdlb ]g krn Lkr hg hPhl huiv hd ukt dr iWv go q s , s s\ \ s ]n jd /kjof hg kd iW kt udfy 4g krdl kg r/fcl hH l ke®kv go ]y s s s s , s a a s s ukpgi kd jhj' kt 4g krdl kg rpfjfi l Fkniv go ]y ukt kd Fkni s s , s s Z s s Z s kt 4g krdl kg rpfjfi l iWv go ]sy ukt kt kd iW df gj <je¬ jkv , s s s s s , 4e kFkg jkeg g h;x gj kpp Glf hd iWv ArokHo¬ 2g h;x X X s , Z Z , hd knuV hd ;æn ]hd jkdkv ]hd iW jkv 4iW g krkv kr e Ldi ],g hrd 1 , , s X \ l kg kpp yod kr hd iWv 4;æn g krLi kr h;k[nf ]g hrdl kt hd Xrk s Z s s 1 , \ s T c yod kr hd ;æ1nv 4g krdl kt k[n kd Ixiv u ]g krdl kt kvN kd s s , s s z , q s Ixiv u ]g hrdl kt h/kc hØe u ji Ixiv 2g hd kl'i hd Idiv jkv z , a q z , a z z ,
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4kF Cgu dg Bkd skdum s kdlb3g h;x kg hy// [kv hd rfkt7;‘ue hjkl e okHi dum udfy ]sF T s qa X a q X z s s dyfke o kr dlb 2hy LkG [kv huiv sukgüm ]g Sg hH xky yko uy L s s s s\ a X T q s s s s kG [kv 4kg kry jd nc Syflb [kv kt ]kg krkt kg _' Syflb kd nko s\ a s s a a s s s q ¬ kt 6;kt Li h;kul u rhxl df kg kry jd nc Syflb ukd kt 6kg kL[ s s \ q a s s a s s \ Syf kr_' ]/kjof ]kg kL[ s;yf okH kd k<? ji kjk} hHl ub kt udfy q s s \ 1 X s s 4g krdl kg l uoht /cl kd henkv lo kr kg Sg jH l L;IhIx ] , s s a a s , s X q s s w zs s l gzxuv ]l rxko¬ 6kg rhgx l nukv 'oi hHl s; d ke®keji 4g kgj ki q s X 1 s a s z s , 'soi l kjk} rgc ke®keji 4g kgj yp jkgkv l k;–fb hHl I? lhckp 4k; z s X q , s X a s a , x yef utkH hH güm kr ]g rOm kg ry¥fGi jdul kd k<ho ct ukd jk s X s T s s q z q s , v k;x yef utkH kd [kv kr g hrkg rnfukv jd[n kd {o jH ct [kv s s a s , s a s s 1 s a 4g jkgkv dS ]g utkH dS Gjr kjkp uoht , , s X 4g utkH cl 4g jkgkv , s , kd ukd rhxl jkv rhx jkv g jkgkv kd [kv yG kr [n l dhO eg jx a , , , a w s X s s v dfk;D 4kF k;x >el e hHr ]kOm okH kt ]jdul kd rhx ct ]kOm ok X T s q s H kt e ;nÔ dikv jd[n kd kyG ct 4kF k;x >el e kr g; ]kgd uTe s X s s s X w T s s 92g kusy Cgu nko¬ Bkd 2kg kgj k[ hÈef Bkd lt ]g kujd , s s s s , , s lß utkH 4g kvg k;yf ro kd nko¬v ]g hro kd nko¬v e8 ]kgd ukgüm s , q z wa z T s X 9`g gj jd k;D g; ikv8 ]kgd lum sue 2xy ujd utkH o lo ]g T s s T s s s s s , , kgj Li kuk[ utkH df g hjcte ]g hgj Li hujd kt ]g Bkjc d;æokv \ s , w , \ s , q dS Bkd ]yofB hjllsu dS Bkd ]hr¬njct dS Bkd ]kg gj jd ekd kjH s s s s X s >kc dS Bkd l,t ]sxy uk[ kuk[ rfkH lb o 4Oc uk[ kuk[ eg rkj jGf s s s s a s s , s 4hF u k'kv Bkd hdlb ]kxdl >el kd rkc h;x hgd e kl'zi h s s s X a d rhx ]kg kgj ki >el u hg rhx kt dfk;D ]k;x gj ip jkv klg jGf Te s s X q , a 2g ei hH l krhx ]g okxy hH l krhx kdikv ]kgd u h , zs s X , s X s s lk;ül um 4k;x Oc suul rhx e kr F s;kv sukul rhx Nd _ef dS jkv 4 a , q T s s q q , Bg rkj jGf 4hF u k'kv Bkd hdlb ]kxs;ki >el kd rkc hldf hgd e kl q s s X a z 'i hd kyG go ]kg kgj ki >el u hH kd kyG kt dfk;D ]k;x gj ip Te X w s s X w s X q 2g okxy Bkd l kyG hH kdikv 2g ei l kyG hH kdik , s s X w s , zs s X w s v ]kgd l>e sukgüm jkv 4kg kr[sn kd _' Bskd lt ]g k[n lß kd kyG s q X , s s q s , , s s s X w s X ukgüm hg rkv 6F yG rgc eltf ]hF k;xfc hLc kt lkilkv je hg rkv s s w q X \ s s s s 4F ukege unf Nd lki je ]hlk;ül dS ]_ef dS 4g krkv >e <je¬ dS s s q s s a , s q 4g kgd jklv kd rDf;øHfv Idi hd uoht jkv g hd knuV j , s z , , ,kv g k;df uL[ kd iW ukgütf ]xky o d¥fc 4g k;df jkdho¬v kd ke®kv , a s X s s , s sukgütf ]Cgu hH xky so 4g k;df jkdb kd joæB uXkgütf ]g Cgu xky o ] X s , a s s T s s xky yko ukuc defk/v kd ;‘ue df g hlt uy >el ygi lcl rkc g; s s s Z s q , , s s s s

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4kxkg rDf;ø kd gjr s hg jkv rDf;ø defk/ dhO ]g krgkp kugd likv e ]Cgu udfy `,g /cal , Z wa s T s a k;D l henkv defk/ kd k/axl ]kd kjo¬ ]kd kxj 2kg ;x kg L[ e ukd s Z X q X X a X s s s \ X s s hldf jdsy okH kd kr_' rfi d uoht kt ]g rdl kg hg o xky defk/ q z s s T s s s s Z 2kg jkehc ]kg lknm ]kg <≈Q rfkH hldf kt ]g srdl kg hg o xky defk/ X X X a s T s s s Z 2Cgu /cl Bkd kd naukv d uoht 2Cgu /cl Bkd kd hlg Fkl sd he a a s s a a s a nkv yH 2Cgu kd henkv syH ]g rdl [n kvg krlg kd henkv jc eg 2 s s T s s q a s s q g krkv Cgu hH e kui¥d hjkeg rl kvg krlg 4g h;x kg <ijkd/v rqgc , X a q a , s Z w a ]g h;x kg hjgx ji Rpf d ;‘ue k;kN hdum ]g s;x xy e ''fkd hd u T s s q T X s s kt je ht7rht kt rfi d uoht 6g k;yf sy okH kd dre ukgütf sl uoht s s z s , 1 s X 4g s;x kg hnkv d u[n kd T s s s s s X a krl lknm eg 92Cgu lg hHd llht3Gky jou llht8 ]g srgd l;pæf∂f s a s T a 4xX;kt kg ukjg Lc ikv kr X;kt yef Sg rul k<ho Cgd kdikv j s s , s \ s q s q s hokge jxv 4sx;kt kg rrfpV Lc ikv kr X;kt yef Sg rlg Cgd 0c kdi X s s \ s q s a q s kv jxv 4d knuV hd thp jg hd uoht g ;x Oc jkd¬l jgx rgc ]xuV' s T s , a s q hLd e Rpf jkeg jgx rgc ]jgx udfy 4g krgkp kugd Syf d uLkN o a X s s q s s wa s s s\ kH d knuV rfi d uoht likv e tkv 4kgd kd uLkN ukK kdikv ue yd s z s s T s s s\ s s T 4;kt jxf okH s kd knuV rfi d uoht ct ]g krdl kg hHr ;Dß7e®kv jkv /cl sl uoht z s , s , a a 4g nko;ü/ Syf d ukoxH lm hH , s s kuy lkl e kvkog 4g rfkH hd kti lm hH kujd uku¬ ]g ;¥r d kuZFkzi s a X X , a w s , q s s lm hH kujd utkH 4g kry jd jkdho¬ l gxuv kd hHl ]g krn hH kt s , s s z q s , s s uoht 4g kry jd jkdho¬ cl go 4g krkt uc nkurav ]g rkt uc rñxrv , s , Z T s a d k<ki dlm cl g; ]e uktuv g hgj ykc Cgd y;kd kt g; ]g krkt s X z s X , s s s , y[f yG kl7kIkN kt g; 4g rkg rhri Lk‰zc lm hH go ]g <v IkN7IkN w s s T s s z a s T q s s s s kt go 4g krkg rhri xv hg kd Ikjof lm hH go ]g er–{ kt kd uoht s , s z a s , q s 4g krkt uc jk} dS l rfkH cl 4g krkt uc jk} dS Xe I‘fn hje d/kl , s a , 1 s 4;kt uc jk} dS uoht kjkeg Gjr cl ]Syf d /xl ]Syf d nko¬ ]Syf s s a q s s d rhxl ]Syf d ;nkl ]Syf d kvkog ];yf d rhx 4;kt uc jk} dS ]x a s Z T s X s s s uVikv dS o®rDf;ø kjkl kjkeg ct ]g hHr kr kuokHl hd uukt kd uoht s , s a s s 4g krdl yef Cgu jkN7jkv Bkd lm kdlb ]g k;D uoht udfy ]g Nd , s s s s , s wa q e df g krdl jH kr l okH lb jh/7jh/ rDf;ø klß 4g krdl kg Cgu / T , s s s s , s çyim hH hHd kd okH ‰c ]g krdl kg /çyim kr kd jkdgv rDf;ø kyko s z , s s s a kjk} nc lß 2g uy jd nc jk} jkl o ]jrhH d ;‘ue g krdl ki 'ozi X a s T s s a s s s q , s s a l kgt7kgt uoht 2sy jd u r"√dkv iW Cgd df u kxky g hy LkG [kv a s X s T s\ X a
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`kF k;x kg k;D 2h;x kg d s s ek∂l ydycf hlg ]h;x hyp hryG hlg 2xy ulg xky 2hxy uIN hlg Xe a q a , a s s a s s w a LhH jh/7jh/ endS jGf udfy ]g LhH hd kjktg 4g L[ lknm xsky ]g \ s s s , \ X T s \ , h;x xy xkv 4g k;x k;nf kPp ji krpf kd ñFv lm3g kvg W' kuyt j , \ s , q q hj' ]g hxy xkv hg l,t 4g h;x hn [j ñFv ]g h;x yt krpf ]g ;x kg , s , , T s s Ødb xky kjktg 4k;x pgi I?je kd ñFv hd rl jdy okx kjkl go jGf s s X qa s a s a 2kun kPp ji krpf e kLid Cgüb ]kukjd re uku¬ >e ]kuync re Lid s \ X X \ s q s \ s s je ]Cgu df g k;x gd henkv go udfsy 4Sgfkp un hg kugi ed sl ed , s s kr L\id s;u lm kr g krkt Bkd ji k_k; h;u dS 4kun kugi Lid ;u ] s s s s , s s s \ s kukjd uku¬ ]kuykduf Lid skr s;kt je henkv df kF tkojf klo e rcçrf s \ , X 4kukjd re uku¬ >e ]kuykdu s q f re _¬o je kr k[j ji Xk;Lfdy Bg hryt er kd ñFv hje ]jdkt y c s s s s \ q q s s s t >e ]kujd kiÎ dS df kd k_ef uiv g k;x gd rDo rje jkv 2,g k; s q s X s , s , x je hg Sg rlg go ]g k;x je henkv kt go 2g gj kjd¬e Okg sdlm q s a , s T s q X udfy ]g hLi 'ky hdlm ]k[n u kxky 4g; kF henkv rHnv kurdf ]k[sn s , \ s s X s q s jkv kvkv df kgd l kxky d okx sukgüm jkv 4yduf jgkc jdy kd hFkl , s s X s s a X , s s s dre uiv Sg rlg kukn o udfsy ]lki d Lik> ;x kg Ødb xky d okx 1 s q s a X s s s s \ s s s s s s a 4xXy [n lkv e k[kv hdum eg tkv ]xkg h[n kr s s w a X X a s X q s cv ]jWt o xX;kj kr cv ]kgd u kxky d okx ]Bg q;®e hd rl dS e ok s s s s s X s s a q 1 a X a x ltf 4h;x kg ;®e hd rl dS3s;x kg Pc kuhr o3l e kuhr um jGf 4h s q 1 a s s w\ X s s X X rkg hjlwn tkv k;ufqn g; kr rkg hH Cgd jkv rl lo ]'kd 4kg Sg hH j s s s s , a s , X q kv Cgd rl lo ]Cgu kri >e 4gj rdIH okx7okx jkv ;x kg Pc kuhr o , a s , s q s s a a , s s s w\ X s 4;kt X [hl kujd jkdhxv kd uoht l ue ry¥fGi xky df g 'nl kjkeg hg d a s s q z s , s a S 4Cgu rjl Bg hrkj udfy ]g rdl kg rl d upgi dr lm kr "u/–b X w q s s T s s q s s s qa s q a d kIgkjd¬e 4g hrdl uc xke kdlm kr Igkjd¬e 4kxdl kg hHd u jkv s X q q T Z s X q q s s , ]g kvg I‘ofzi e jnfe d qHi henkv Bkd ]Sg jH l Xkvlkv Sg rkj hHd , q X a s z s q s s q a q s s u df rgd l kxky o 4krdl kg Cgu /cl Bkd kdlm l uoht ]kxjd jk s s X s s s a a s s s dho¬ kt ]Sg rkj kd uoht 4ky jd jkdho¬ l okH d hlg kd uoht df g s q s s s s s s a s , 'nim kjkeg hg dS ]rgd o `g Cgu 'nim Bkd kdikv ]rNi lum xky s s s , s s s w s s 4rkt IN s w jkoøG d hlg kgo ]rkt kg L[ ji gkjkp ltf o 2krxy ulg okx kji sj s s a a s s s \ s , s s a a w h/7jh/ jkv krkt kg dek∂l kulg df rlg kurb o ]rlg o 4hrkt pgi s , s a a s a s s a s qa jgy dS hd h'[ ]hd hlg e okx lm ]rkt e okx ltf o 4g rkt ukt o q a X a s X a s T s s s hg gjr hlb 4lIl xGVky hF3kF u eku jkv Bkd kdum kF eku kdum h . X z , s g ]9rl Sg rlg uhr8 jkv 4Sg e rcçrf o 4g kul ue rckc d kral uhr a q s a , q X s , q s T s X
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]k;x cv uoht g krxy ]g krxy sukg kPc ]g hrkt IN k;yfxv hjkl ji , , s w\ T w a q a uoht ct ]g krxy upgi chjd d uje ct henkv 4xLi h;k[nf xky rt , s qa s s s X \ s fkji jkv jkg kgo ];bkt e knt¬fe jkv kjnfae 4g h;x kg hØdb lkilkv , s a s X X , X , s d e/ rket hd kxky Sg jkg 4g gj rkg dl®m e e/ dr cv xky Sg s Z X s q s T s s s q X Z s q jkg ];[fj <je¬3xky Sg jkg 4Li kun u "kn kd n[ ]s;kt yef kukgc B s s s q s s \ s s s q kd df g krkg e ''fkd hlb k'eg henkv kvg kjkg 4g rn n "kn hg kd s , s X s s q T s s s s s uoht jdn u "kn kd uiv xky rtfkji ]xky Sg jkg ]<≈Q ]F¬o¬v udfy s s s s s s q s s 4Cgu rhjio f d uoht ]Cgu e /kjof d uoht 6jrhH d uoht kr ]jxv g hH Cgd Hzi s X s s s s , q 4Cgu kr¬k j Bkd Syf dum ]kg s;x kg L[ kt ]djd Ohi hg kd uoht udfy 6kx;kt s s X s s \ s s s s s s , ld dr Hi ]g krkt y kgd kr¬kj df hF hrdl yef jc[ go kr jdkt q z , s a s jrhH d uoht 4kxdl yef Cgu hH kukdOf7kri kdlm kr jdkg ljof l u s s s s s oht udfsy ]g kgd ke®keji df kF krdl yef kri g; kr l lj d uoht , a s s s 4g Cgu nheém , Bkd hdlb ]sxX;kt yef jwxv d ke®keji güm ]s;ki yef Cgu jxav hg d uo s a s X w s ht gütf jkv 4g ry kiNf e knuV hd uoht o kd kryGlv huiv 4g jkl X , T s s X s s , v uoht ]g kjc uoht 6g È[ jxv ]g kÈ[ uoht ]g rgd o ]rki jd Cg , q T s w a , T s s s u /çyim kt ]kd krhx d uoht jkv kd kyG d uoht ]kd nukv d uoht s s X s , s X w s s a s 2g rjWt k;D hH hd uki güm ]g jxav È[ ]h;x , s X T w s hrgd e r¬kj jkv hLi Iky liko go kr dr kgo hdl pgi Cgu hLeky j X s , \ , s a qa \ s kv kpM kF {1o udfy 4hxy ukxy xkyN go jkv Sg di ] jxv sF dIy , a s s a , q s w a s jkv 4hF sphu d {o dS d kjxv kt ]hxkg hul uikv hd hLeky lm hlt , s 1 s X w a s s q s \ s , ]g hg hlo rfF¬f hdum ]rki jd Cgu /çyim kd h'[ hd uoht xky skt 4 , , s s q s g rLfhi eg l kxky lknm jkv <≈Q ]g rLfhi eg l kxky Sg rkj 4g okH T \ s X s , T \ s X s q s s , i kd kxky Sg rkj go ]jxf ;≈kHn Lc lcl kt jiM d kr;‘ue Xe uoht z X s q s s s Z q s \ s s s q s d ;‘ue 4kdp kg rLfhi rgc lum e/ 4n jd knof kd kxky lknm ]srkj q q s \ q s Z X s X s s 4g krgd rDf;ø defk/ e kd rDf;ø sl wa Z T s ß 4g hrdl kt hd kni kuokHl hd hlg Nhi hH nkc d uje 4g krdl kt , , a a s s s , kje Sg rlg ]g krdl kt k;ht Sg rlg ]kyp kri kd kxky e okx lm q s a , q s a s X s X a 2k;x jd utk;kv hH kdlb ]kF¬o;ø hH hdlb ]n knof s X hg rlg lm xky hH nkc d uje jkv kvg krlg k;ht ]kvg krlg kje go s a s s s s , q a q a 2henkv go kF rHnv df sxy ugd o jkv g xy ulg xky jkv g hxy u q s s , T s s a s , T s IwN k;Lf>yG ]g sxy suIG [kIi ]g h;x xy xkv e 'ky 2g [j kiNf hL a \ q T w s , X T s >yG ][kIi jrhH sulm e Lid 4g k;x je jdkiNf hL>yG ][kIi jrhH \ q s X s \ , \ q s d kLid suiv henkv go df kyp kri kd kxky ]hxy xkv e 'ky hg slt s X \ s X s X ,
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4g kiNf iWv jrhH ]g yk[ hd jiM yod kr iW , , s s s 4Cgu ;p Z ækv kr xy ukg u'n d iWv sNhi d ;nkl kdikv cr jkv 4l okHe®kdS s X s s Z s s Z T s , s Z w <ijfi ]l kruhy¥r Z<ijfi jkv s;[fn hH kd ;nkl cr 4Cgu ;pækv kr ; s w , s s Z T Z s s yf d ke®keji s;kt jH l nko;ü/ ;nÔ kdikv jxv djd utkH cr jkv s s s s , 4g jc[ hdlm hH nko¬ df kxsyp kri kdikv jGf 4g krkt kg ‰c Uv , s , s z df kxyp kri kdikv jGf 2okHe®kv kurb ]kruhy¥r hurb ]kruhy hurb s s e nko¬ 4;kt u IN nko¬ kl7kjt 4jd utkH kurp xel ]rDf' hjkl ]gsn X s w s s s z hjkl ]<ki kjkl 4;kt gj ;®Î _kedS hg kujd utkH df ;jfd lß kr Xkg z s s s s s gj jd utkH 4Cgu nko¬v ];tfhy nko¬ Z<i kr g nko¬ ]kxgd likv e kr s s s w s , wa s T s 4;kt s uc xke kd upgi dr Hi l jk} dlm df g hrdl kt h/kl hlß ;–fb d Z s qa q z s s , a S7dS 4Cgu u'il ]Cgu uen ]Cgu /kjof kd k;–fb 4ku/kl k{'f hd k;–fb zs s X a X a 4;jfd r{f'f kd [kv 4s;LfkG re [kv s s a \s a 4Sgfkp [k a v hyko u[n udfsy ]g krkt uc jc[ hd ke®keji iNf jrhH hH ;nkl kd s s , s Z T jhj' 4g k;x uc jc[ hg hdlm Nd cl 4g h;x uc jc[ hg hdlm güm , q , X hH ;nkl 4g dl kg uZ'n hg dlm hH e iW güm ]g rukt xky kt 4g kd Z T T s s s X X T s s s , l Li h;k[nf ‰c hH e jo¬ güm ]g rukt xky kt 4g kdl Li h;k[nf ‰ \ z X X T s s s , \ c hH e Uv güm ]F rukt xky kt dfk;D ];/fkl jkv kd nko¬ ];tfhd r z X X s s s s X s , s s {f'f jkv kd nko¬ kr 4g yhyn hd ugd kÈ[ kd Xkjxv nko¬v dfk;D 4;b , s s , s s w a X s kt Iky re ji nko¬v kr ]ke®keji kg krki yef u e utkH 4s;tfhn <{' , s s X s fi jkv kd kukd kr kg rki ul u ukd 4;yfk[ jkv kd k[kv kr kg hrki z , s X s X s q s s , s X a s X [n u [kv 4;kPc jkv Fkg kr kg krkv u e Fkg uoht 4s;jfd hLc xkyN s X a s \ , s s X \ a 4g krkt Iky jkv g È[ jxav ]g krgd I¬ifd¬S hnkou; , , , T s w , s kyi 4g krjd lk;i kd ujd hLc xkyN d/kl 4g hrdl kt hd hLc xkyN , z s \ a , \ a 4g hIkN xkyN hje df ;gfd g; , s a s s 4;gfd re È[ kr kg ryef u jxv d uoht jxv 4s;tfhy jd rDe sl kxk s s s s s w a s q X s y rî{fof ]F¬o¬v ]<≈Q 4;tfhy jd rDe l kxky Sg rkj jkv lknm kd u s q s X s q s s , s s iv ]e kpp hjlwn lb g krgkp kujd unsouf likv Te 4g k[j jd rk∂kv X Z wa s , a kd e/ ulb ]g gel kd kxsky yGlv kt g; ]'kjuf kt g; ]lknm skt g; s Z s , w X s s 4g e uiu? d uoht kr g jnfe Bkd Cgd jxv , X s s s , a s 2g krkv rDo kd jnfe cr ]g krkt jtx rDo kd uoht ct , a , q 4g k;x kv rDo kd jnfe , a cv df g krpkl go cr 4g krn jd W' k_k; hd jnfe go cr 6k;x cr , s , s q a

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ewyke dhO hg ydycf rkc g; hH eg cr ]g jklv uoht df g rgd ct q X , T s xky rtfkji Syflb ]g xky rtfkji hH cl eg 4g krkt Li h;kul dhO Xe s T s , \ q g 'nl kd kxky Sg jkg Syflb ]g xky Sg jkg hH cl eg 4g hrLi yd s a X s q s T s q s , \ w q s uv d rfF¬f7uoht hjkeg kt ]rkc hgo3g hrkt kg rÎho¬ rkc hgo hH Xeg s , s 4g <jkd Nd d suLi u `hdl Li h;k[nf Cgu k;D 2hdl Li Cgu h;k[nf T q s \ \ X \ rkc hlt jkp kn jkv kn r;®v g; 4krdl Li Cgu h;k[nf r<fx kl7k/hl , s , s a \ g; 4xX;kt kg nc hH kukt Gjr hd ke®keji eg kr X;kt kg ueæn d jkl s s a s s q s a l eg jxv 4hxs;kt kg jn leg hH ke®kv kr ;kt kg _' d jhj' eg jx s w s s X s q s v 4sxX;kt kg uhyof hH j{v nGl jGf kr n kIef kd r“r eg jxv udfy s s s X s s s 4g e I¬kId rDf;øHfv hjkl hd uoht 4krdl kg Cgu Idi uo , X ≠ a s z ht kr kg u efHO‘i jxv 4Syf d rDf;øHfv g krxke efwHO‘i k'eg uoht s s w 1 s , a 1 s 4Sgfkp jkll kd Fkni kr g kukg Idi kd ke®keji a Z s , s z s 4S gfkp efHoæki hd ufo÷ ]Lmkzx7dc kd ufo÷ ]e;÷ke kd ufo÷ kr kg kukg I w Z a , s s s di kd ufo÷uf udfsy 4g ufZo÷uf ;üw' 4g ufo÷ kr rhxl 4rkc g hIym 4g z s Z , , s a , , krkg Idi e rhxl kr g kukg Idi kd ;ü' 4dl Li h;k[nf go ]y y I¬k s z X a s , s z s w s \ s s ≠Id iWv dfkr ]g krkg Idi e iW kr g kukg Idi kd Z;nkl 4Syf d uskg a , s z X s , s z s T s s Idi d ke®kv ]g krkt uc efH gjr hd Lkc dyç ykd jhj' 4g hrkg I z s , w Z s , s , s di e jhj' kr g kukg Idi kd ke®kv 4g krkg Idi e I¬kId k'eg uoht z X s , s z s , s z X ≠ a s 4kxLi Cgu h;k[nf hH Nd ji kr“r nsGl ]hx[yf k;Lf[ nGl 4 s \ q X s \ s kx;kt kg ydæfe kuPi cr udfy ]g rdl kuc hH r“r nsGl 4g hrkg Id s s q \ s T s s , s i l kr<i ]g hrkg Idi e efHO‘i hd ykd k;Lf[ nGl 4ji lb g sr[y z s Z w , s z X w 1 s \ s T f l k;Lf[ nGl 4g ry kxy kr“r kykd kr g rkPi kd kpπc eg Xe yd¬ s \ s T s s s T s \ s X w 4g krkg Idi ]e /kjof ]e I¬kId , s z X s X ≠ a go ]g krkg Idi hH Nd kt e uoht kg; df g kyhy rHnv g; hd uoht , s z q s X a , q 4g krxy sukg Idi go l rhxl ]g kvg kiNf nç , s z s a , q 'uf Nhi d rhxl kt go 4g hrkt kg W' huyef jc[ hdlm ]g kvg kiNf s s a s , s q , q ;üw' kt go ]e phc7phc d kjo¬ ]g kvg kiNf ;ü' ]g kvg kiNf jo¬v Xe s X s X , q w , q phc d kjo¬ kt go ]l e;÷ke d kjo¬ udfy ]Cgu `g krxy kNπv k;D3 s X s s s X s , okHi kd kFkg k; ]g hrxy hNπv jkdI hd kjkr kr g rul k<ho ikv ct z X , a X s T s q 4g hrkt kg W' huyef jc[ hdlm ]g k , s q , iNf Nhi kt go l ye dcl lm ]g kiNf sNhi kt go 4g hrkt kg W' huy s s s s s , s , s q ef dy> hdlm ]g iWv kt l ye dcl um udfy 4Cgu hH u;klj kd y , s s s s s w G ]Cgu hH tuf[ d yG ]Cgu hH Fkni kd ywG ]Cgu hH k;Lf[i hd yG s w Z a \q a w ]Cgu `g krxy jnl k;D3tuf[ ]l¥defd Sg rLkn eum ]k;Lf[i hd yG , qa s q s ,\ X a \q a w kdikv k;D `kgo g krxy jnl k;D kr g krxy jnl yG Bkd kdikv ct s a , qa s , qa w s s
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4g k;x skg W' kukg / , q s a a cl kdikv l uoht df x;ki ikv jkv jd jkdho¬ l Lw;IIfx ra;®v ]l n s s X , X s zs s ukv r;®v skdcl lm ]g krkv hH kt l k;–fb ]g /çyim hH kt ]g hH kt a a , s s X a , s , s 4g krgkp kugd likv e _l kjln kd kyd7uoht lb wa s T w w 4hd uoht g kyd er , e”l jkv 4g <{'fi kcy dS uoht 4krkt yef Cgu uoht hg Fkl d eüt w , , z a s 4g kyd dS uoht , 2h;x h;k[lf Cgu hg kyd hd uo ht 4g rgd dhO ydycf ]g rgd dhO ikv df g rkt Om hH jkeg Fkg k T s q T s T s s s r ]cl g klt sun LkN ]cl g F;ø ]cl g jklv ]g krgd jdkg L[ rDf; , , s s\ , Z , , s s \ ø rtfkji Bkd ct Syflb 4g rkt kg rtfkji Syfhlb jkv ]g Cgu r{fhn s T s s , , e kyd hd uoht ;‘ue hHl dfp 4g rukt eg ltf ]g hrLi eyke /xql X q wa T s s , \ w a hgo eg 4g hnkv eg dltf ]g hrLi eyke dhO rkc hgo eg ]g dofkHko¬ X T s , \ w X , 2/xl hylv g g;399e a q , ;©ji y;jf tb lnf88 ]kgd ulm jkv hyk[ [kv ]hy lkl hjgx ulm 4k; w s , s a a s nf [j kyk> go lki d dku hd henkv lm jkv kdLNf kLkF huki ji lm s s , \ s\ 4kF k;ky upc jktkc k;yfNe go eltf ]kF kyk> kdlm lki dlm udfy s s a X s s s 2g k;x kg 'skgc go <jkd d Cgüb 4kvkIg jn k;/fxl huiv ]kIg ikv , s s s s w a a q s 4kx;kt je henkv g; 4kg gj n s;df LcLx kL\c er ]k_ef df kgd ulm s s s s \ \ q s s 4kF kdp gj kvqNe ygi kt ]k;kv jgkc henkv dS e LhH lm hHr jkv q s s X \ , 2k;x kg 'kgc jkv go 2g kgj uc Cgu hH rykc s s s , , s s s s kr kdlm 2kxy sudG ji7Fkg ]kxy ukLGLr go 4xy uk?l k;/fxl lm o X , s \ \ s s qa a a q s s 4g k;x kg 'kgc hg l gto hd k/xl go df Cgu hH kri güm 4;kt kv , s s s s X a q X s 'kg lm l suk?l /axl n;k' df s;x kv jdy /xl hrehd l hrehd jknuk s s s qa q s X a q s dn d lki 4h;x kg hØdb LhH 4kLi jxf jdkg 'kgc go df hxy ukg eyk q s s \ \ s s s s s w e tr hurb /x 4kLi jxf jdkg 'kgc go j[fkv 4CF k;/fxl O‘J sl O‘J s a \ s s s a a q s s hd k;ufn kgo 4kF jktkc kd huk/tkj 4kF jktkc kcy udfy 4;kt yduf q a a s s s l jktkc df sulm hd ''fkd hH hd uxkH 4udfy g k;x kg ukjg rgc go s s s , s , q 4kF krgd /axl go kd hlm 4kF kukt hg kd /xl hd k;yfNe ulm 2hL\i q s s a q X s ewyke cnc hLc lm dfk;D ]hLi husy jd nc dku huiv lm hg rkt 4k;x w \ s X \ a s s pgi kgo go ]kF jktkc kd k;/faxl go 4CF hrdcf k;/fxl ]F rdcf _b qa a X q a a q s s d huk/tkj ]d 'n kgt ]k;x pgi ji r¬kj lm go jGf 4/≈eof ]rdfp3 s s s a qa s q kxy u[n jd e?7e? huk/tkj go 4k;x pgi e huk/tkj hd 'n jkc dS s s w w qa X s 4kF kgj krjd k// kd ujke kd k;yfNe jH uoht kvNe dS ]g kuql uTe a s s X q , s 4krkv Cgu e >el eg "' ]g krkv X X s , X e >el hjkeg hgo ]g hrkt kg kl¬gf kd rnkv hjkeg skt 4g hrxy uLi , s , s \
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044 fo 26 egaP

4g jk;r k'eg kd ukt y dr ;nÔ uiv Te slm ]kx; wa , s s s s s s kv 'nl kt l Gjr cl df Sgfkp huskg Z<i ]krdgkx ]hIofIîfljf 4Sgfkp s a s s w z s s s ukg sy[ jk} kr g hujd tsk[ hdlm 4g krdk> hgo lcl3hgo hH l kpπc q s , , a s s X ]hgo hH l h_¬ ]hgo hH l henkv ]hgo hH l kjkr7nkp ]hgo hH l jxkl s s s X a s ]g krdk> hgo hH l yG 4g jc[ hdlm jc[ hjkl df x;ki ikv l sjh/ , a s w T X X s X s jkv n ukt kd Rpf 4jd 'oi jgx jkv jgx jkv jrhH jkv jrhH jkv > , X s s X s z s , s , , , X el kupl kd <"dkv kr 4Cgu oHl <"dkv Bkd kF;üv ]kxkg –d kd ke w s Z s a Z s s X ®keji Bkd Cgd kgo df [j <je¬ ]g u'Iofx hH kgt ]g <"dkv hH kgt s a X , s zs a , Z a 4kxkg ke®keji jrhH Cgd kgo jWt ]g kgj jd r" s a , √dkv kt df jd tk[ jrhH d hHl 4xkH re hH l hldf3l nko¬ ]l lko s X s s X s s s q s l ]l /axl ]l rhxl ]l iW ]l Z;nkl lb xkH ikv df g krgd Cgu e kr q s a s s T X wa T s 4krkt Li h;k[nf ke®keji jrhH dlm ]krkt uc Hi "Qi d \ s q z q S gkp jGf 4krkt Li h;k[nf ke®keji jrhH dlm ]hrkt uc jnfe h_¬ d s \ s a S jGf n;k' kr 4g hrkv k;'f[ hjkl jkv nukv jkl d uoht l kgt ]kr s T a q , a s s s a kt pgi ji iW lm 4g krkv ;nkl kjkl l kgt ]krkt pgi gxt lm jkv qa , Z T s a qa , krkt xkv jkv u s , e jdkg jkol ji ufo÷ hd Z;nkl go 4g krkg 'oi jgx jkv e Z;nkl lm s T , s s z s , X T n;k' kr ]hrkg u I‘fn hd dnuV jxv ]krkg u /kjof kd ;nkl jxv udfy s s 1 s s Z T s `g k;D jld hg kd jhj' d , w s henkv kr 4g jhj' dS hH {o ]g jhj' dS hH jxkl ]g jhj' dS hH jk s , 1 , T s r ]g jhj' dS hH nkp ]g jhj' dS hH yG dfk;D `Cgu k;D e jhj' ]Cg , a , w X X X u k;D e k[kv ]Cgu k;D e "Qi ]Cgu k;D Xe h_¬ kr g krdl Li h;k[nf X X X a X X q X s , \ Xe yG 4g krdl Li h;k[nf3kg kLi h;k[nf ;nkl hH e h_¬ dS jxv jkv w , \ s \ Z T X , `g k;D ;nkl go , Z T `g kgj kv l kgd go ]g kgj Li h;k[nf ;nkl kt df hrkv Om jiM jk , s a , \ Z T s , v e klkKtf lb d¥fc ]hrk[lf Cgu kujG [kv l ;nkl ]hrk[lf Cgu kuxk X s X a s Z T H l h_¬ kyd hd uoht 4g gj kojd kNhi ikv 4hxs;kt hyp hrjd kNhi g s T s o jkv sx;kt yp e cd ikv go 4hxs;kt hyp hg hrjd kNhi go ]kgd uTe , X s X z s 2g hgj jd kNhi kje h_¬ hH e em lb udfy 4y jd , s X z s wa xyv ]y jd xyv ]y jd xyv l h_¬ kd ue uiv df g hd ''fkd uTe wa wa s s s , s s jH hxnatf 4g krkt kg uk'ji jkv upc kr g kr[n kd h_¬ jnl hH cv wa s s , , s s wa s s qa udfsy ]g k;x kg kd ljc Okl kr e df kgd ukgüm 4;kv _ef dS hg yd wa s s T s X s 4g rk[lf okHn rfi d uoht kt ]Lkx Gkv thehuS ]g T s Z q z s s Œ Œ wa krgd _' kd q ke®keji kd kxky jkl um e 2okHnl rfi d uoht 4g krn Lkt okHnl kj s X s s T z s , s s\ keg ]g krn Ls\kr okHn kjkeg 4g rdl Lkt okH jkeg 4g rLkr okH jkeg T s Z q T s s\ s T s s\ s

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]g rfÎho¬ hd uoht hH uk;÷ kr Syf je 4xOc Syf d uk;÷ xyv7xyv , s s s s X , s eg jGf 4y >el rkc jkp7kn kr ]sxOc Syf d uk;÷ d gcl eg nkc dlb X s s X , s s q s 4g krkt kg /çyim kdum hHl go ]g H' ]g jnl ]g O‘J , s s , q , qa , s hH kt e uoht dfk;D ]g rjH l gzxuv rfi d uoht kt ]xky o g ;ü/ s X X T s s q z s s s s T 4Sgfkp okH kd gzxuv ]ei rfi d uoht ]ukeél7jnkv q zs z s rfi d uoht 4Sgfkp 9Gbky jkG ljojf8 9 4Sgfkp u'ejGv Gbky8 jkv z s X s , 4g <kdI‘fn kt kjkeg go ]g oIfxuf Gbky 4kgj Cgu , s 1 s , s rÎhxv rhx Bkd ]hgj Cgu rÎhxv h'[ Bkd hd uoht 4g k;x kg lut; a s a q s , s ki rDk"of endS uoht l gto hdlm jkv g kOc jrhH jkeg l "o jktg s , , , s s Z pki Bkd go ]g kl¬gf kd ue7gel jkeg go ]g kl¬gf kd 9Lbke oIDfyd a s , w s , a s 8 jkeg go 4g Cgu kd tkv go dfk;D ]jrhH kxgd l jkt rgc dnuV go s , X s s s q 4hx;kt kg I‘ s s H cl ku/kl skr elb ]hx;kt kg LcLx cl kr elb ]hx;kt kg ydæfe kr z X s s \ \ s X s s q s X elb ]kuLi re jdyH ]kxgd go ]g kOc u'ueLd jrhH kt go 4g krd \ w s , , s s a s , l kg kjr[ rgc df ]kxjd jkdub rgc go ]g kOc dnuV jrhH kt go 4k s q s q , , s xyp kri hg kr jd xk;i kLkF lb 4sxjd rkc eg gcl yd ji _l sjlhr s s X s z s\ s X q w 4g krgkp kugd likv rkc hjln g; 4xdl pgi wa s w s X qa hHd u ]g rdl pgi hHd u ]g spgi hHd u o ]g rkt kg L[ kt ]djd T s qa T qa s T s s s \ s s Ohi e /kjof d uoht udfy 4g rkt pgi hHd kr o ]g rgc kt Xe uoht X s s s T s qa s s T s s 4g krkt uc kyko ukt y dr ke®keji Arrav jxkl go , s s df [j <je¬ ]kr 4;kt gc e jxkl d uoht 4X;kuc u ykohn Bkd Cgd ]Xj X s X X s s d u kL[ j;jfc Bkd Cgd 6ykL u k/kc Bkd 4n ujtx kd koHuv jkl d \ , s X s X s q s X q s s uoht ]nukv kjkl kd uoht ]lj jkl d uoht jkv X;kt kg kRi k[l dS a s s , s w 4g krkt Om e kynkc kr g hrn kOm e 'kd , X X s T s X kv ;kog ]g krkt jxf ji uhet kr g hrn kjxf ji uhet ;kog 4g krkt k X , s T s X , yp epæfi kr g hrkt y epæfi X;kog ]g krkt kyp oi kr g hrkt y owi s T s , Z w s T s Z X ;kog ]g krLm e kvkog kRi k[l dS lt 4[j u kylkG Bkd phc uiv , \ X X w s , X s s jkv dlm ];kt Lt llm ]X;kt kg dS elm ];kt cL elm ]g hgj kg k" , s X q\ s s X X w X , s Z o7/e kt hd uoht jkv tk[ kruhy¥r]tk[ kruhye®kv jkv tk[ hjgx sl q s , X s X s , s hjgx hd nukv e oHuv d;®i d uoht jkv 4n yk[ jk} Syf d nko¬ r a X q s z s , X s s ¬el d uoht 4n yk[ jk} Syf d <"dkv r¬el 4kd ue yk[ jk} 4hg x s X s s Z X s s jd xk;i ikv kr e kunf uhr ub 4g krgkp kugd likv rkc hjln g; kr X s z s X X wa s w s 2Cgu okHi Bkd z s jiM jkeg kd kdl'i d uoht 4g knk;† rgc jiM jkeg okHi kd kdnu s X a z s , q s z X V ]Cgu udfy 4g krdl kg <jrkiW dS 4g hrdl jtx l u'ekGlkI dS s , s a , q s ∆ a≠ hIufeÍ hji g; 4g hrdl kg rfkt hd ;‘que hjln ydycf rfkt7;‘ue g; , q w , s w q q
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044 fo 46 egaP

s kt ]g ;x e k–uf Fkl d uk;÷ xky kt 4sx;kt kg s;u ]xX;kt kg tkr ]x; T s X s s s X s s s s s X kt kg rk' I? lhckp dikv ];kt rhc e k–uf rk' jxv ]I? rkl ]Ia? g s a s a , s X X a s a s N d rkj jkv 4;kt Oc ji ylkG LkF l jln dS cl 4xOc kg; eg cv s , X , s s s\ s s w s X , a 4g wa h{kl yod ]g kgj ukt 6g kgj [n ]g kgj [n ]g kvg kOc uke e jkv g s wa wa s wa s wa q , , T , , rÎho¬ cl 4e ue ;kt gj lIîlDS yIkI ];kt gj e ue jH rfÎho¬ dS X s X s s s X 4jkdho¬ cl 4Cgu lI¬lfj Bkd 4g krkuc kehl lI¬lfj 4g krkuc kehl /k X s s , X s , s jof dfk;D ]n LkN /kjof kjkl kt ]g krdl Pc hgo Gjr hd ehlv udfy X s s\ s s , \ s 4uk;÷ g , eku kd lk;i d uPc Gjr hd ehlv jkv ]/fkel g uyef Fkl d ehlv z s s \ , , s 4g kgj kt kyp krkg uyef Fkl d ehlv jkv g hgj , s s , T kt hrjxf aSkehl hjkl 4g hgj kt hrII /fjfi hjkl ]kxyp kri jh/7sjh/ 4g , w s s , kgj kt krLq\t cl ]g kgj kt krskg ye dS 4g gj kt rII jk} d uoht , s T s s w s df sx;ki hg kurm ]sxkg h{kl urtf ]xkg rk' urtf 4X;kt gj luIof dS X X s s X a s s ];kt gj h{kl dS ]lc 4gj r[n ikpip ]g krkv hH kt jkv jk} Xn yk[ X X s s q , s , s 4Cgu kujd nc ]kuyk[ kd jk}3xuVikv dS g uk;÷ ]g kgj gd Te a s s , wa 4xtVkyD s dS3ky jd nc kd uiv l Gjr cl ]kg u rkK Nd ]Li u h;kul Nd ]k s a s s s s q s \ q q s vkIg ]kvkcn kd uiv2/kjrfi3Fv kd uk;÷ g k;x k;krc lI¬lfj dr cv s s s s z Z , X s 4yp kri kr sygf hH kRi kl7kIkN dS kd {o df roht kur s s s 1 a b ]g krgkp ku[n raoht hH jkv kdikv e ]Cgu 4kvkt kg gjr hd nqe ]kv wa s , s T s s s kt kg LL l,t df g h;x h;k[lf hg rkc hd gjr lb kdeg dr cv udfy s s s T X s s 4g , Cgu kunsol <{y kd ;®e 4g kunsol kr <{y kd uoht 4hxLi h;kuql slm a q 1 , a s s \ hH kr hx;kt jxf Bl dS 4hxLi h;kul lm tkokv hl7kjt 4kxkg uyknkv s s q s \ q s s s a e k<ki dlm jkv ufo÷ hl7kjt3kxkg raoht kurtf ]kxkg rk' kurtf 4hx X X z s , s s a s ;kt Pc kunsol hdlm hurm ]hdlm hx;kt Pc IfofIfhlül hurm ]kxyp kr \ a s \ s s i knk;† kurm ]kxkg kntV knk;† kurtf jkv kxyp kri kr kd henkv kntV s , s s s 4kryp Cgu kri kr g krkj hH kpπc 4g kryp Cgu kri kr g hryp hH k s , s , s , og 4kryp Cgu kri kr g hrIkd hH hICp cr ]g krkt je henkv 4g Sk;∂ s , , , a fi hd ukt je ; 2syp u kri Nd ]g kukt kg gjr hd jF®i 4yp u kri z s s q , s s kr Ikd hICp ]Li h;kul u tkokv Bkd df g k;x k;k[lf hg; dr cv 4g s s s \ q s , , /kjrfi go ]g lI¬lfj go ]g k;x k;k[lf hH kt l eku d uk;÷ dr cv s z , X s , s s s 4g kuy jd jkdho¬ lb 4g kuy jd jkdhxv jd>el nkoh'kv kd ke®kej , s s , s a Z i kdcl lb 4kxsykc h{i Bkd 4kxgj kryp utx kd jxkl 4hxX;kt kg uhy s s s s Z s of ]hxkg kni ]g Xtkokv 4hxX;kt jtqx ; ]hx;kv ; ]g Skog s; 4g jkdhxv X , T s X s T a , a
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044 fo 56 egaP

k' hH lkoæ df g kujd okH g; dr Iufef uhr7kn jkv 4s;kv ]s;kv 6;kt a , s , s ];kt hurtf3 4g kusn LkN yFf'f ]g Cgu kudkj ]g kun LkN kyhP kd l s , s\ , s , s s\ s koæ jGf 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' df ]g kun ok>l s; dr Iufef uhr7kn kr , s , s q s s 4Cgu hg g jhj' ]g k;x kg rîkel jhj' lt df yp kri kdikv , , s s , s s kr jd xk;i kg; eg ct hg tkv df 4g krdl kg hg tkv ]jd xk;i sl I s X s z a , s X s z fj;lfulf ]l hjknukeB dhO xky kt jkv e xk;i d unf g–i dS jkv 4y s s s , X s z s a , s p u hg kri kdlm df g kun LkN yFf'f kurb kd jhj' ygi d uk;÷ kr , s s\ s s s s 4kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd ;ƒ¬ko¬ ]g kryp kri kd hjkehc 4kr s , kg Cgu <{y Bkd jkv kd F¥g ]kg kryp u kri hH Cgd kd jhj' lm d s s , s s s f g <{y hg dS kd henkv F¬o¬ 4g krkg /kc kd jhj' Cgo ]g krkg oku , , s s , s r e jhj' kgt 4 Cgu k; g jlf df kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd jlf jGf kr k X a , s s s g u nn e jlf 4 Cgu k; hH g ji df kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd ji kr Cgu Z X , , s , s kIkd e ji jxv 4g kryp kri kd jlf kr kg nn e jlf 4g kryp kri kd a X , , s s Z X , ji kr ;kt Lx kIkd e ji ]kxkg kri kdikv 4kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd j , s s \ a X , s s s hj' yFf'f 4g kryp <jkd d uI¬ ]g kryp <jkd d okur kri kd jhj' , s ≠s , s 4Cgu hg g jhj' g kryp kri 4g krk , , , s g oHuv kd okH hjhj'v kr g krkt kg yFf'f ydycf jhj' ct 4,g hrkt q s , s q s kg kni lsulyhLkc kr ]g krkg yFf'f jhj' ct jkv 4kx;kt kg yFf'f y , s s , s , s s dycf jhj' ]sx;ki ikv hg e unf pki7ln ]l ujd okH Iufef uhr7kn dS q X X a s s s 4g kgj , kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' 4g kgj kg yFf'f jhj' df Iufe s , s , s f kn ]Iufef dS3gj rjd jn hLkF okH g; Glf 4n kd jhj' l'tl sl L s X s s s\ Z X s a s s s\ kF ]ok>l l LkF Syf d kryFf'f hd jhj' jGf 4y jd nc [kv l kr¬g q s s s\ s X a a s fkv jGf 4;kt Isy l ekjkv jkv n LkN kyhP ydycf 4kg u ji jhj' okp X s , X s\ q s [V7okur Bkd ][j u okur Bkd ]n LkN kyhP xv dS7dS 4kg gj Cgu hg s X s X s\ a X s <ki Bkd e jhj' lt ]n LkN kyhP ydycf ]kg u okur Bkd ji jhj' 4 z s X s , X s\ q s s ,g hjWt kun LkN lDsyjf 4g hjWt kun LkN yFf'f kd jhj' jkl ]rkc dS s s\ , s s\ s s 4g hjWt husy e yk;[ rkc uhr7kn e ujd xk;i 4jd kdlb T X X s X s s z X s jkv ;kt Isy ji jr¬cf 4g xk;i kd ujd hg jdIy kd xk;i lb 4;kt skg , X , s z s s s s z s I‘ofi e nCu hji Ijd jLv hdlm 4s;kt kg I‘ofi Xe nCu go ]kg W' kjk z X w X a s z s q / kt e uk;÷ dfkr ]X;kt kl ikpip nkc d uk;÷ 4jd u hH Nd jGf ]Cgu s X s q s X q X Om jGf ];kt kl ikpip nkc d ujd uk;÷ jkv 4jd kd uk;÷ lb Syf d X s q s s , X s s Iufef g–i cr ]kgj Cgu "' kd ujd hH Nd cv ]X;kt Iiuf l ekd cl a s s s q s ];kt kl ct ji jr¬cf ]erfv 4g kd ujd ygi d nCu uk;÷ kd _fkj g; X s a , s s s 4,g hrkt I? kuI? oirHv dS kr ;kt kg rDq;l nCu Fkl d uk;÷ 4hukt Z w w s s s a s Cgu hH hHd e uoht ueg nCu hlß df jGf g rgd >e o ]g rkt xky X s T s s q s T s s
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X s\ n LkN kyhP jhj' ]y jd nc [kv 4;kt X a a X Iy ydycf 4s;kv u ]s;kv jlov <o¬ klß ]rkdS kurb 4yef u ]yef r s q Z a s s kj rHnv hurb 4jd xk;im kji kd jlov lb ]y kn;kG kji kd dke lb q X s w X w s , X ;kt Isy gxt huiv7huiv X;kt Iy gxt huiv7huiv 4g dhO s , dl kt jgx jkv 4dl jd xk;i kji ikv dfkr ]X;kt Iy l ekjkv X s , X s z w s s kgo ];kt kg e ydv ydycf ]Xy kuc gxt hn¥t ikv ]g kry uke e ]akg a X s X s s q wa s T ;kt Ig hH Cg X d ]Xy kuc gxt huiv7huiv 4kg u k/kc hH kd hldf ]Cgu rhprkc hH kjt s s , g Cgu /cl Bkd l rhprkc dfk;D ]jd u hH ydycf rhprkc a a s s X X q X ;kt Ig Syflb ]kxLi kuIy dfk;D ];kt Ig sLkF ]akg s \ s X X s\ ;df rhprkc ku s cf ikpip jdkuc gxt huiv hlß ]dl Iy xky cl jkv kxgj Cgu kvg k q X s s , s q rN kd hldf Bkd ];kt Ig ji sylkG LkF ]y kuc gxt Syf uiv7uiv kr w s s X s s\ X s s s 4;kt kl jkv jd kd xk;i ikv j X s , X s s z dkt ji jed uiv jGf 4g sun ok>l k;D df s;kt kv e yk;“ kdikv dfk s s T s q X s r ]kxn ok>l kr tkv e kdikv jkv 4kxs;kt k;nf jd xyv 'kdi jGf 4d wa q s T s , z X l Iy ikv df ;kt kg ji ylkG urb xky cl kr 4xjd xk;i eg cv kr s X s s s s s s X s z s 4kg k s {kdkv ]tk[ ]klkKtf ]hjk;r hjkeg hurtf ]g krdl kg <io®ge hg kurm a s , , s Z w go 4g krdl kg Z<io®ge rgc kdlm hH ek<jfi kg; j,kv 4g hjWt kujd , s w q a , Syflb ]Xy >el ikv xk;i kr kg; 4;kt kl jkv jd ;el rkl ji ukF¬ s z s a X s , X s s suiv jdkt kd xk;i jGf 4Xy >el ikv dfkr ]xjd kd xk;i eg kr kg; s s z s X s s z s a 4g kukt kl jdy Iojd ikpip nkc sdlm j , s s q Gf 4Iufef ln dS ]g kugj rjd jdIy go ]kF k;df xk;i ueg gcl kt , s s s z s q s ikpip jGf jkv g kun LkN rk' kdub ]jkpof jkv lkoæ ]jhj'3rkc uhr q , , s s\ a s , X 4g kugj rul ikpip cl 4kxkg kryp kysO ]hxskg , s q q s hryp hlDI ]sxkg ryduf ugko ]sxkg ryduf xky ji r¬kj 4kd ktkokv ] , X s X s s s s X kg hrkv tkokv Bkd 6kd –el ]kd kr“jn ]kd kvkog g kugj rul3g kukt s s s q s X s X , s q , gj Li ikpip jGf df g hgo rkc hFkp kF k;df uk;÷ ueg kt gcl jkv s \ q , , s s q , 4g usn ok>l uhr ; 4g gj kg rk' T s q s T s s a hH jkpof df g kun kd ue ok>l kjlhr jGf 4g rkt kg <h{ jkpof kr , s s q T s s s , g hrkg rk' lkoæ 4g hrkg rk' ikv uiv lkoæ kr ]g krkg yFf'f jhj' s a , s a s s , s 4g , hrkt kg rk' hurb 4g hgj kv Cgu df g hgj kv lkoæ df kryp Cgu hH k s a , , ri ji ujd xk;i unf LkF 4hxLi eyke hrkt7hrkv i¥v rgc 4hx;kt kg s s z s s\ s \ w q s s rk' lkoæ hg rjd7rjd okH 4g hgj kg rk' ]g hgj kg rak' ]g hgj kg r a s s , s a , s , s
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`g k;D g; ]kNi ukgüm 4F rkg Cgu y;jfku kgo ]sF srk , w s X s s s a v l 'n ltf xky o udfy 4F rdcf y;jfku 4yG o g k;D F rukt Cgu s s s s s s s s T s s ]kF 'sn hcutv 4F rpfjfiv ]F gj dcf kgo yG kt udfy 4dQ ji ukd s s s a s s s n dS hd kyG jkv F [wH o 4F gj jd k_k; _ef Nd l 'n hcutv dS q X , s s s s s q s s 4g krkt kg u , s /c jWt uoht Syf dum ]rukt Cgu kyd hd uht kd uoht xky kt 4g a s s s s s s , Cgu u/c uoht udfsy 4g k;x kgd hg u/c kd uoht dr tkv hg rpæfuf a , a s `g kgj gd Hi hg kd uoht e jkv ,g k;x wa q z s T , kgd u/c kr kd uoht `kxkg k;D kdcl lb {ke jkv rDfe l uexkokv a s s s s , q s jkv kjkdIqN l uoht jGf kr g Hi hg uoht jxv df g kNi u _ef dS , s s , q z , w s 4g dofkHko¬ ukv Om uæi duv kr g Hi hg uoht ]g kro T s z s s , q z , s n hg uoht df gd e ct ArokHo¬ 4k;ki kg Cgu rO‘frfi e ue d ;‘ue wa T s z X s q hH dr tkv ukeél <ijfi kd uoht 4g hgj hrkg k;®g e kFv hg kukn hd Z w , s X ˜ X s uoht 4kjd rîkel kd a;o¬ k; kjd rîkel kd kjln kr k; 4kjd I‘u uoh s s s s X w s s t kuiv k; kjd I‘u uoht kd jln kr k; 4g hgj hryp klgV hd jkdi kn s s w s , z s 4hlk;ül7/kl rFfdkFr a q ]defk/ rFfdkFr3g gj rjd lk;i kd ujd I‘u kd uoht hg uiv o ]g Z T s s z s s s s T s;x xy e k;∂fi hjln so kr ]g sxy Cgu e sujd I‘u uoht kd kjlwn kt x X z w s T X X s ky o k; 4jk[0; ]rfikul ]Krfhutkj3g hd ''fkd hd ujd I‘u kd uoh s s s q s , s s s t d kjln ukgütf ]g gj hokHi ji hoƒi xky o kr k; 4g h;x hd jWt S s X w s X T s z 1 s s s T a kI‘p rgc7rgc hd un jd I‘u jkv un Lkr kd uoht ]ujd u;kyi sl uo s q q s s , s s s\ s s ht ]un LkN kd uoht 4g k;x k;df ukÏkv Bkd hHd u ]g hn jkdqi Bkd h s s s\ s , s , s Hd kr u Syf d ukeél jkv k0J hd uoht 2g kgj rÎho¬v l knl uoht s s , , s 4g hujd rkc hHv ji um 4 , g ;kv uæi l rgc e /cl lm 4g Cgd ue rkc hl7hLkF gcl Xe /cal d T s z s q X a a T s T X s\ q a s rfF¬fAue hd k0J jkv ukeél ]jkdho¬ ]okH kd <iel rfi d krosn7uoht , Z z s 4g kukt yp e ek , s X Jof Z<i Syf d Iufef ln e rv jkv g kujd uke kd ue ]g kujd rk' w s X a , , , s , a kd lkoæ ]g kujd yFf'f kd jhj' 4Tg l,t upoi7oi ok>l jkl nkc dlb s , s s z Z w q s s 4xX;kt kg W' u s s q s kg ek<jfi Fkl hg Fkl d okH 4jd oHuv Fkl jse ]g krn ok>l e jGf s s X q s wa s q T X s\ n LkN kyhP jhj' ]y jd nc [kv X a a
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G kd uBkv <{®r kr krkv sy kuBkv uekl dlm Bkd hHd ct jkv 4kF k s s s s s s , rjL l sukt uekl d uBkv go udfy 4g <{y d uiyxki hg; 4g Cgu hH s s s s s T s , Bkd jkv jnl klt lm ji hoƒi df kF kr>el go klo ]g r>el yxki s , qa , 1 , T s hHl df klt 4kF kr>el jnl hg rgc kd uiv go 4kF henkv yxki dS , qa q s s 4g ukd yxki go df y hH ukpgi ikv n;k' j , , X kv gd e kr kg kul u 4kg kul uikv e /acl d yxki lm n;k' ]g k;d , wa T s s q s q s X a s , f jkgo;ø gjr hd yxki lm ueg 2Cgu hd suync kd uiv ]hd ''fkd hd s s s s s s s\ un Lkr hg kd uoht sueg kr kxy nko¬c jkv rDrf uoht ct l uukt u s s s , s s kyd d¥fc 4h[hl Cgu ueg hg kyd hd uht kd uoht 4g hgj hruc u/c s s s , a Syf jkeg ]kehl hjkeg hd u[p kd yG d uoht ]kryGlv hjkeg udfy s s s s s 4e iWv ]e iW 6e ke®kv ]e gn3g kgj kg Idi e {ke ]e jklal cl X X X X s , s z X s X hg dS Bkd 4g rl kd h_e hjgx Bkd 4kg kr_' hnk;ufc e jklal jkv H s , q s , s s q q X , q i df krdl Cgu hH kg g; 4kg aSkRl h/kjof kn Bkd e rxt df krdl Cg z s X s s s X u hH kg g; 4kg /kjof Bkd e {ke jkv uoht df g krdl Cgu hH kg g; s s s s X s , , s 4g krkt kg /çyim kd {ke hg phc d uoht ];÷e , s s s s d uoht go ]g krkg Fel e usy ukt e kr<ijfi hdlm kt hg kd uoht s , s Z X s X Z w s s 4g Cgu {ke Bkd UHf l uoht jkv g Cgu jhtt uoht , s s s , , a 4Cgu Z;pækv kr krkg rhri jhtt hd gky uoht güm s s z a s s X ]g rpfjfiv l xke d ujd oHuv kd nN d uoht ]l xke d lj d u T s Z s s q s a s s Z s s oht 6l /fof hd suxkH kd uoht ]l /fof hd uk[ kt hH ji yG d uoht s s s s s s s 4hF rkKv /fof hd uk[ 4hF u rkK güm /fof s X hd uk[ udfsy ]F Cgu l,t jF®i o yG df kF Cgu hH kri kd kjkpsc um s s s s s X 2g rjd kl'zi hdum jkv g rk[ kd kyG lt kjF®i x T s a , T s s X s , X ky kgo 4g gj kv jdjtqx l 'n dS d k[e dS eg df k;df jkpi rqgc s a T s s s s ˜ w z sukgüm jdkt e 'n uiv jkv ;x Pc xkv hg [H o jddG kd kyG um X X s s , s \ s s w s X s X 2xky d 'n lb g yxki ld 4g krkg rhri ZFv Bkd s s s T s , , s z s u ]g lj Bkd u ]g nko¬ Bkd u e kyG ub 4g rk[ kd kyG ub kt ]gk' , s , s X X T s s X s g' jkv Ikel d 'n lb g Pe Lc]kgd jkv s;nf dG yG o djd dS7d a , z s s T w\ s \ , X s s S ukgüm jGf 4kF ydæfe ]kF uOfd hH kukix rkn 4kLi h;k[nf u nko¬ B s X q a \ kd Cgd 4ge k;x kg rDrf 4;x kg uk'ji rgc 4k;df W' kuk[ hg l jiM s qa s s s s q q s kd y;jfku ukgüm 4hF hrkg Cgu yk[ hLd hlt y;jfku ji um ]F rpfj s s X s s \ , s fi l kyG utf o 4F Cgu rpfjfi o l ky;jfku udfy ]hd kI‘p hd uk[ s X s s s s X s s s kd kyG uXkgüm jkv dQ o jgkc d okx 4;x Pc xkv jdy kd kyG o jGf s X s , s s s a s \ s s s X s 4g rnhj[ kd kyG ub l ukdn hg hje hH Ikel Lc7Lc ]hH gk'g' L T s s X s q s z s \ s \ a s c7sLc df kgd hH g; e kla'i su jknukdn 4k;yf nhj[ kd kyG um ukgüm \ \ X z q s X s X 4g yG d/orDf' rgc ]j/e rgc ]I‘nfko¬ rgc ]rgc ]kgd u jknukdqn T Z q q q q q s
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4dl jd oHuv eg kdcl lm 4dl pgi d X q s s qa r ;nÔ jkeg cl go3cl go ]g o'f kt e uoht ]g ;®l kt e uoht ]g s , s X , s X , jnl kt e uoht df kg rlfdof hurb hIofhIîljf hjkeg ]krdgkx hjkeg qa s X s s z ]kr_ki hjkeg ]kryh'unol hjkeg df g utk;i hg; kje l kyd hd uoht s a , s z s s 4g utsk;i k;D kje l kyd hd uoht df gd l dhO jk , z s s wa s , v e 4kgd Nd ji kyd hd uoht gcl ue df g kNi u k_ef Nd hH jkv T q q s T , w s X q , 4Sgfkp Fkg yko ujd 'i¬ ]ukd d uuql s s Z s s ][kv hd su[n kdcl lm 4Sgfkp kr_ki jkv kre{ hd u[n kdcl lm u X a s s , s s s dfsy 4l rhxl surb ]l krhx urb ]kvg kjH l nN urb ]<ilj kurb ]g s a s X s q s a s Z w , rHnv kurb ]uoht g jnl kurb3g krOm jH l nko;ü/ rfi d ke®keji q , qa , s z s go 4g krFkrÎ dS ]g kr;ü/ dS uoht df g krki go ]g krkt kg jk;r , Z , , , s , skd uync yekv kt kd a;o¬ jkv 4g krLi kuync yekv kd a;o¬ kr kg ku s w s s , , \ w s s s kg rDe 4 kuLkr kd uoht df u ]g krLi kuync kd ;o¬ kr g kukg rDqe s q s\ s , \ s a s , s `g krkg rDe Bkd j , s q s d nc kd k;ufo÷rfi `g krkg rDe Bkd jdLkr kd <in `xkg jgkc slldf a s X z , s q s s\ s Z s X 4X;kt kg jgkc ];kt skg s X rDe ]n Lkr ]n LkN ]g jklv jkll ]g rgd eg 4g [n jkll ]g rgd q X s\ X s\ , a T s , q a T s eg 4g u/c jkll8 ]g rgd eg 2g Cgu htkj eg kd u[n g; ]Cgu udfy , a a T s T s s s s 4g krOm kg kdB7hj , s s hgo ]g krOm kg rufo÷rfi hgo ]g jrhH jkeg kt 4g ufo÷rfi hjkeg jklal , s z , s s , z 4sxLi h;k[nf Ikd e jkll kr g [j jd Ødb ueg Ikd jxv X \ s a X a s T s s s s a 4hxdy> krpV e jkll kr g kF¬o;ø hd Rpf jkeg krpV jxv s X a s , s 4kxLi h;k[nf [n e jkll kr g kF¬o;ø hd uoht jkeg [qn jxv s \ q X a s , s 4g eg kt ]g krLi h;k[nf hgo T s , \ 4Cgu knk;† l <in dS jkll df ku[j <je¬ skr ]g krLi eyke n[n jk s Z a , \ w q ll jxv 4g xky yko suLkr kd suBkv xky yko ukt xkH jdLkN kd jklal a T s s s\ s s s s s\ s 2g krkt xy e uLkr kd uBk wa X s s\ s s v ]g iWd e df d u[n g; ;ktc udfsy 4g krn krc klo kuBkv ]g klt wa q T s s s , s , wa , e 4Cgu hH kri kje Bkd kd uBkv 4jd iWd >e df Cgu hH utk;i Bkd T s s s s s q s q s z s kd uBkv 4g e kt ]g krkrc hgo kuBkv 4g jholr hje kt ]g krk[nf hg s s wa T s , , s s , o kuBkv df krpkl Cgu 4g kgj krjd jkgo;ø gjr hd yxki lm hH ;‘ue s , q 2krn Lkr <{®r kr rkv y kuBkv xky 4kr[sn s s\ s s s s u e uBkv hHd go 2g rjd iWd >e uBkv jkv ]g jnl e 2kxn Lkr uB X s T s q s q s , wa qa T wa s\ s kv cl e ]kxWd Cgu ræknjc kd uBkv hldf e 2g krjd ''fkd hd ukuc T a s s T , s s iWd >e kuBkv 2g krn kuc iWd >e kuBkv df g krjd LcLx hlß Nd q s q , s q s q , \ \ q kuBkv jkv g jnl kurb e df krgd go kr `k;D ]srNi xky 4kF krsn Lk , wa qa T s X w s s\

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2g h;x gj Cgu pl thp , hH Bkd hjkeg kgt ]g ji kyr d ue k[k/ kjgx lcl 2g kgj n henkv k s a , X s s s , s s t ]g k[k/ kd gjr cl 4sx;kt gj rpfo l ukg r/fcl l uoht ]x;kt g , s X a s s s a a s s X j rpfao l uukt hg kd ;o¬ e sun k[k/ lb 4kxkg Cgu k[k/ kd jkv hld s s s a X s s s s s , f `g kgj yp ;uHfv g; uekl dldf `ikv udfy g gj n k[k/ kdldf , s s s T s s s s 2g krkg eyke kd xIDVS ]kd ;uHfv hg o®rDf; , s w ø kjkl 4g krkg eyke O> o®rDf;ø kjkl 4g Cgu Bkpl hH Bkd ]krd<fkekzi , s w w , s Bkd e o®rDf;ø jkeg 2g hgj yp jrhH jkeg rkc jktg Fkl hg dS 2g s X s T s X T gj ht l xP jktg eg 4g dhO hH kr krkg hH xP kjgkn 4g Nd jgkc ]g s s a , s s a s , q , Nd jrhH 4g gj ht l xP jgkn eg 4l uijgkn d ;‘ue g krkg kn,i u/c q T s s a s s s s s s q , s a 4,g Cgu u/c Bkd e uoht 4l uijgkn g krkg kni u/ac 2kd u a s X s s s , s , s oht kusn "kn jGf `kxkg /cl ld l uoht kr ]g rht l xP jgkn slß e s s a a s , s s T s s a s s g I? lhckp 4Bg rkvQ' hd ue d<fkeki7jx g; ]g Lbke dIfFkvuv g; s a , q q z , , a X 2g k;x Li h;k[nf l kgd kjgp gcl hg gc , \ s a s q l kd I‘n lb df g rpkl ikv e ue udfsy 4s;x kg u'n dikv ]Bg h'[ q q T s s X s Z s q q hLc df jdyef lm g rgd ikv jkv 4g k;yf jd jkd¬eu uikv j,kv g \ s T s , , s , k;x Li h;k[nf ji gkj Bkd jkv g ;x kv jgkc d j? uiv ikv hg gcql \ s , T s s s 4g hxk;im kuy , s s >el lb 4g djfkpikv jkv k;ƒef ue kji kjkeg ]Rpf kji kjkeg ]Lbke k s , , , w w a ji kjkeg 4g krdl kt kvg r/fcl l ;®l d uoht hg jdy kd Rpf ;®l w , q a a s s s s `g krdl ukt ld Bkd kd ;®l d uoht jdy kd Rpf k;ƒef cv 4Tg k; , s , s s s s s ƒef ]g Ow> ]g djfkpikv iW d Rpf jkl jkeg ]urokv d Rpf jkl jkeg T s T , s s s Z s s s 4g hd ke{ , hHd ueg l iW d<fkeki u ]g hd k<? ueg hHd l iW d<fkeki u ]g s s z , 1 s s z T s ;df /k∂ hHd l iW d<fkeki u ]g s;df ei hHd l iW d<fkeki eg kr s s z T zs s z s u 4g Cgu d<fkeki ]g yekG ]g djfkpikv Rpf kjkl kjkeg 4Sgfkp Lbke , z , Z , , a dIfFkv dS ]Rpf d<fkeki dS Syf d ujd oHuv kd uoht ]rkc hygi X z s s q s 4sxdl kg yg hH o ]g s;x Ni u X s s T s w æi hg e /acl lm 4hxkg hxk;im husy >el rkc jkp7kn e /cl lm 4,g hr z X a X s X s X a a gj hrykL k/kc e ukg rpfjfi hg l uoht ]jH uoht k'nf ryx go jkv X s s s , 4g hrkt kg W' k'nf ryx hg l uipc 4g krkt y Cgu e k'nf dhO kd , s q s , s X s o®rDf;ø d ;‘ue tkel kjkl ]rfάl hjkl ]k{'f hjkl3g s;kuc eg kd u s q a T s oht rfkH ltf 4g rkt kg uOfd hH jkv ukuc ccVrfi Xelm 4g krkt jH a T s s , s z , sl y/ jkv ]krkg knax jkv 6g krkg Gkl u ]g krkg yeuf u ]g krj[uf kr w , s , , s , s Z , s u <in kd ;nÔ jkeg llm ]g rjd jkgo;ø kt Fkl d uoht eg udfy Z s s T s s s s

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4g kvg uZ'n kd tr dS jkv rDf' dS jkv , q s , , yc dS e o®rDf;ø dlm kGn hygi >e jkv g krdl kg ryo† kurb /k∂ X s s q , , s a s kdltf ]k[sn Gjr hd rDf;ø lm jkc hygi ue df g k[yf u hu®i hdlm s T , s 4s;x pc jkv dke kn ]kgd u ukot lm , s , s s 4h;x gj xn kr hu®i hdlm a s 4kvg jkc hygi g; ]kgd ulm 4lo tb lnf ]k;nf ckct ulm q s a s `kg rjd uiyxki k;D g; `kg rjd krj∂ k;D g; ]kgd jkv kjk s s s s w , e kdD/ l jkt lm ulm 4h;x gj ukjg kr hu®i hdlm 2hn jke hykx kd s s s s , s s s s s\ Lk? jdkOm dwnc ]kOm 4lb kF tb lnf ]kgd ulm 4kdOOf jkc hjlhr kLk? a s s\ 4hgj ip hH jGf hu®i hdlm q 4rkc h;x kg kjkcqn s g; ]lbkoI tb lnf8 ]kgd u ukot lm 4k;x dOOf jGf jkv kyp jwn hLkF . s , s\ kLk? jGf 4g hgj kt hd rkc k;D l Lk? df h>el u hH Nd hu®i hdlm s\ , s s s\ q 4kvg jk q c dS g; ]lao tb lnf ]kgd l Lk? ulm 4kyp Cgu udfy ]hd ''fkd hd s s s\ s s s s ukyp rgc sulm 4k;x dQ ]k;x dOOf gxt dS kLk? Xe r¬kj 4kIky lif q s\ s , ko Gjr hd okx jdkg jkol e hLkx7kLk? huiv jdy kd hu®i ]/oou hui a s X \ s\ s s w v jkv k;df gkoof go 4g kuI? hd okx hldf hd ygi "o kl BkP ],kl kn , , a s Z , s Bkd hd kdhjev g; 4k;df gkoof u doq; <hekx dS 4g hjg' cl henkv s s z T 4g k;x gj Cgu hH Bkd <hekx ]g ;x gj ekx 4g k;x gj Cgu hH Bkd < , s z T s z , s hekzx e k;ufn kr cv dfk;D ]g rkc hd kunf ukji ]doq; <hekx dS3dS X q s X , X s q z 2g h;x gj Cg , u k'n7okH Bkd hd uoht jkeg 2g ;x kg d'_f ydycf eg 2g rgj L[ s s T s s q a q T s s \ e phc ydycf eg 2g rdl kg _ef eg u ]g rdl kg _' eg u udfy X q T s s T s s q s 4kg Fel e ukg _' kt ] s Z X s s q s g krdl kg hgo hH _ef 4kg Fel e ujd /k∂ kt ]g krdl jd hgo hH k , s s Z X s s s , e{ `kxdl jd ld ke{ go ]l iW d<fkeki krdl jd Cgu hH /k∂ skt 4 s s , s z s hrkg Cgu rDf' Bkd ]krkg Cgu yc Bkd hH Xe /k∂ lm 4IIkib ]pki kr g s s s s s X s a s s T rjd eg hH /k∂ 2g Cgu e uoht jkeg okH d<fkeki Bkd ]dIfFkv Bkd s s , X s z s X s 4X;kt je eg Syf dltf k; X;kt ht eg S s yf dltf ]g hy Ldi Cgu sueg l krohr hlß rfHuv hH Bkd hd uoht B s T \ s z w q s kd hHd 2g s;x kg refhl dr krkc okH jkl jkeg 2g rjd rkc hd ei G s T s X s s T s X zs Z lf ezso7ei hHd so ]g xky ydIDfi kt ]xky djfkgok;ø 4rjd Cgu hHd g zs T s zs s s s jxo ei ]g rjd ;uHfv ]g rjd rkc hd ezsi xky jkn>el 4g rjd >el , zs T s T s X s T s ku ei ]g rgd xky jkn>el `g k;df ei kd hldf hg e pl uikv hHd zs T s s , zs s X s
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p Bkd kgo 4ei hHd u ];kt kg kni ky hd hytcf df g krdep klß /k s a zs s s , , , s ∂ kgo hHd u 2g h;x kg uhyof dep hd henkv l uoht dcl eg udfy a , s s s s 4g dep hd henkv kt ]hF h[n dep go e <{ dS ]kF k[ , s s X s n uoht d<fkeki dS3e krohr dS ]e <{ dS 4F [n henkv kntV kr u z X z X s s s s s Te 4h;x gj nk; >e kr rkc go df g k;ko[yf e k<je¬l uiv u jcdv s q s , X X a s s 4g kre? s;yf Cgu _i<kei Bkd jkv g rkP hg j;kd _i<kei e yl , w z s , T s s z X v 4g krdl kg Cgu henkv Bkd j;kd knk;† l henkv lm ]kg krjGf ;yf , s s s s s _i<kei kd hjnkgc henkv kt jkv 4krkg Cgu _i<kei Bkd kd hjnkgc jk z q s , s z s q , v 4kd hjnkgc g krkg Cgu cyre Bkd jkv 4;Huf g krdl kg kL[ uekl q , s s , Z , s \ s d rke henkv df g krkg cyre hg dS 4g krkg cyre k;D kd hjnkgc d s , , s , s q f k;nf k[nf u kukn um `d hjnkgc g rkg IdGfI√l d txkd Bkd `g kr s X s s q T s s s s s , dl kg _i<kei k;D jkv 2n k[nf jdkxy ji okn hxntf Bkd df sdlb ;k s z , s a a s olf g rkg _i<kei Bkd d hjnkgc jkv 2_i<kei kd hjnkgc3g krkg kuN T s s z s s q , z q , s i klß Cgd l ritkj 4uikv hF hgd rkc ryx8 ]kykc rfikul ritkj go w s w s s s w `kd hjnkgc kg ;ky _i<kei q s s z Bkd df hF hgd rkc hl7hIkN kr sue `kvg k;D g; df kgd jkv k;kyc kd s s s T q , q s rfikul ritkj uiv ulm 4sxy suid ji7Fkg kr dlm ]k;kjc? kr jcdv s w s s a , s s s 2F s;x gc jkoøG d u[ jkv CF CLi 'ky kn n s s s w , \ X s kc <{ dS 2C;x kg I‘ofi e <{ dS e hrkN hd jln dS jkv C;x kv j s z X X s w , gkc d kuk;é jkoyr hdum 4jkxv kn l,t COm dep hlß [kv hd kukn um s X X s a s s X a X s 9`kg ;ky IdGfI√l Bkd ]_i<kei Bkd8 ]kgd u jcdv s s s s z s s 4g Cgu kr;≈k; hjkeg Bkd jkv ]g jnkgc kn eg8 ]kgd ukgüm , s s , T q s s X 2g k;D kr;≈k; hjkgéqr , s 9`g k;D kr;≈k; hjkgér8 ]kNi u jcdv , s q w s 4Sgfkp hjdku ]g yduf e 'kyr kukn , T s X X s eg jkv g BkH koLt kukn eg ]g ukot ritkj skn eg8 ]kgd ukgüm jkv , T a q\ X s T w s X , ;x kg L[ o suekl d ulkglV d jcdv jkv 4g e kFkg dum jkoyr hxu s s s \ s s s , T X X s X a 4g ;kv do; ritkj kn 4h;x I? kuI? dS 4gcl dS e jkcjn d jcdv T s q w s q X s 4g h;x g , j Cgu "s' hyk'yc thp hH Bskd jrhH dlm cr 2kd henkv k;nf jd nd s s , s l Gjr cl ]g hn kxy dkj l Gjr cl ji kokH ohr r¬el d uoht3sl , s s X z s Gjr cl ]g h;k[lf krqxi l Gjr cl ]g k;nf jd IIkib l Gjr cl uk , a s , X s a s s X güm ]g Sg d{'f kt ]yko sun jd rDk"of kd uoht dlm ]kd rfkt7;‘ue T q s s s s s s q kdl jd hH ei hg kurm rDf;ø go d zs f kgd u hu®i hdlm udfy n jke hykx kd hldf df g kgj gd likv Cgu s s X s s wa s
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4Cgu df xXyef kjkckn _ef g; ukt ukd df ]<ijfi s s s , Z w hurb ]skg Z<il kurb knof g; kr g ;x un knof kd _ef jxv jkv 4krdl w a s T s s s s , kt kgd Cgu ]Cgu df kxs;kv kukl kjkckn dfk;D ]y kl gjr hji rkj tkv s s X X s w jGf kr 4sxOm ikv gcl yd df g kri kl7ukd kr X;kl ikv ct rkj tkv s X q , , s s 4g Cgu kri hH Nd , q kdlm 4g Cgu kri Nd kd jgkc dlm dfk;D ]s;kt uc <v r–fd kd uo , q s X q X ht zxel je go ]yIkI kje go 4Mkt kg e l kr<i go ]aMkt kg l krxe s s s s a s T s Z w s s z l e go ]g e hH kt ]g kgj jtqx e hH l <{ ltf ]g kgj jd e hH kt T wa T s wa T s wa T s df g krdl kg hg; _l kygi kd kyd7uoht ]g hrdl kg rkc hg dS kr , s w , s s 4Cgu k; xyef kd s X s s s q s u[n s>e jkr s; kjkckn df g krdl gd ukd kr g kgj [n jkr d 'kdkv s , , s wa s s s T e jxv 4Cgu k; kxs;kv <{ kd ei g; kjkckn ]g krukt ukd kr g kgj j zs s , , s wa d ei kd hldf e jxv 4Cgu df kxdl jd utkH kjkckn3g krukt ukd kr zs s T wa s s , , s ]g kgj jd utkH e jxv 4kxMki [hl Cgu hHd kyd hd uoht e kr ]g wa s T a T s wa krht Cgu l rDf' hji huiv e kd <{ lm jxv 4g e Fkg je hgo ]g Xe s w T s , X s s , Fkg je <{ kt 4s;kv u jkv s;kv go 4g Cgu klkjH Bkd kd <{ sjln 4g s s s , , s s w , Cgu kvg kyef uoht knk;† l <{ dS kd henkv dS df g hg; hH Bkpl q s s , `xX;ht ld ikv e <{ lm 4g <{ erfav g; ]g jkv <{ dS lc s s , X , , , df ;kt kgd kdikv k; `kxkg k;D kI? go3Syf d uoht dikv g jkv jH s s s a s s , , kI? lc df ;kt hd jc[ kdikv jxv 4l ekjkv urb ]l hr¬l hurb g a s s s s s q T s , a Oc kg; ikv hHv 4g kvg kxy ji okn uoht <{ dS7dS df g hg; Bkpl , q a , 4;kv u s;kv lkoæ s ];kv u s;kv uoht nkc d <{ dS ]g krukt ukd 4kg kxy ji okn uoht s s , , s a kjkeg hg <{ dS7dS sl , X t 4dl y l krohr kd <{ dS7dS 4dl y l krohr hurdf kd uoht e s s z s X s s z s g df g g; go ]g hrdl kg kt k{'f hygi hd kyd hd uoht Xe I‘f1n hjse , , s s 2g srk T [ dD/ lt ]ji kr¬kj g Cgu ryp 2g rkt yp rht d ktM kucf cl eg s s , X T s T s s s s Z 4u oht kjH l ktM 6uoht hyk'rDf' ]hyk'yc g go 6uoht ekYm g go ]uo s Z , , ht zohr g go ]xoVyf lIüb g go3e jnfe d kron7uoht g kuFki hg dS , T , X a s s , Z z 4Sgfkp uoht kd krohr ]Ifl z fuIüb 6Cgu aSkuFki hd kjnfe Syf d sukg r/fcl l uoht ]Cgu u;;÷v kd , Z z X a s s a a s k_¬k' Syf d sukg r/fcl l uoht 4g krdl kg Cgu /cl kjkeg sl uoht X s s a a s , s a a 4g ;x yp rkg iky ]d rDf' k T s s s s s s ucf ]d yc kucf ]d r|of kucf ]d dep kucf ydycf eg 4g Cgu hg de s s q s q ,
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Wt8 ]kgd sulm 4hyef jc[ kd Krhxl 4k;x pgi dr jrhH kuky¥pf kdl s a qa m ]kukj kdlm ]tkokv hdlm udfsy `n sukv jrhH ukd kd xe[Hf udfy s s , s s a s 4n ukt kr jrhH >e ]wag k;ky X s s s q IH Nd hH e ]g rjd k;D8 ]kgd ulm jkv kxy ukj go 4xy ukIky yki X q T T s s , s s s s , jk} 4kF –jfn7uhn ]F IG dlm Lid udfy 4s;kt yef 'oi jrhH hH >e s s s s \ s s z s q 4g k;ky IH Nd hH e df hd jc[ jdkv u xe[Hf dS ji jk} hHr jkv wa X q T s s a , 4kF k;x jH l kIH jkcjn 4e ygetkj F ;ky IH cl 4F s;kv Krhxl y'd Lc s X X X s s X s a q s \ ]F ;kv rfiu/ ]F ;kv ktkj 4;¥egc l ;¥egc ]F s;ky IH dukduv o s s s s w q s w q s X s s s 4F Sg Ødb xky yko ujd k0J lm jkv yko ujd ei lm l jn7jwn 4hF s q s s s s s , s s zs s s w hrkt h;kue e jkcjntkj ]hF hrkt h;kue e huk/tkj Okx"o CojRl hdl X X a Z m 4kvg Krhxl kLc rgc dS ]e ;†kj d jxu;tof g krkv >e <je¬ dS q a \ q X s , s q 4g ;kj hHd u ]g lg hHd u ]g k;df ezsi h T s s T s a , Hd u ]l k<ki ji g hd k0J hHd ueg u 4g dnçfk' cl ]kO> cl kjkeg s X z s w , s , w 2Cgu hg rkxy Nd eg 4g krki hH ukt kd Nd cl hgo ]g krn kxy Nd s q , s q , s q cl kt 4g kun kxy Nd cl ji lm ]g kvt dS ]g okn dS yi rfi hH s , s q , q , a z e I‘fn hdikv kr sxukt ikv kd uoht ct hH hHd k; ]e I‘fn hje kuht X 1 s X s X 1 s 4g rcl kd , w rkc lb ][hl Cgu kuht ikv go 4g <{y kd uoht hnkei jkv r¬ql ]ykP s , z , s 7yhP ]ohrv ]yFf'f dikv go 4g Cgu jld kd uoht go jkv 4kxkg eyk s z s T w , s w e u/c dS uoht jGf kr g Cgu `g krzohr hlß e uoht jkeg k;D udfy a s , , X s s 4y IflfuIüb ]suc krohr oHuv ds;®i kd uoht s , z q z 4g hrkt y e krzohr hlm eg hH Igkjd¬e go kr 4kg Igkjd¬e hd , s X X q s s q q X z s w s k<ki ji jkeg go kr ;kjd¬e eg ct df k; 4g krkt kg r/fcl sl uoht s X q q , s a a go hg l jk} d ukj kr ]g krsy kj ct henkv klo hH jkc dS ]g rkv s s s s s , s , T s jdy dy> hd k<ki ji kt lkv so 4g ;¥egc knk;† l k;rfke hH Cgüdf ]k s X z s w s w a T w q s X s X rkjgkot7jhg hH Cgüdf o cr 4g knk;† rgc yke kd kvlkv um cr 4g srk s s , q s X q a T v l k<ki ji kt ]g rkt kg rqHnv hH lkv o cr 4X;kt uc lkv <ki sjkl s X z s w s T s s w a s w a z jkeg df l krzohr hHd g rkj eg u 4hrkt Cgu h;k[lf kr krohr udfy s s T s s s z s 4g krkt kg I‘ofi kjgx hg kurm Xe , s z jnfe d uoht go ]g krht l krohr hurtf kt jkv 4g krohr dS uoht a s , s z s , , z 2g nkei dS ]g ;¬ykv dS , z , ]g lsuhtsy dS uoht l,t ]l kr¬gfkv jkv l hr¬l3g rht lß eg 2g kd , s s , s q , s s T s suht k'eg lt ]g rht lß eg 2g Cgu hg krI‘i¬ Bkd ]g Cgu hg /kc Bkd s s , T s s , s , s s kd krzohr hd k<{ e uoht jkeg kgo df g rht ykP7yhP lß eg udfy X X s a T s s s s s
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;i lm 4hd ''fkd hji hd ukiNf lm u k;‘'f d h/kx dfk;D ]kg u e yk z s w s s s X s a X s X ;“ dikv n;k' 4kF k;df xk;i rHnv dS e kunf erfav d uoht u h/kx s s z q X X s s a 4dl jd oHuv hH jkv wa q , kd nukv d uoht jr dfkr ]Mkv jdkg Fel j,kv kr Mkv jkc hyxv 4 s a s s s a s Z s a hxkg hgj hryx Bkd hje kr xkg ;x L\x Ikd jkv F yG rgc e k;ufn hj s s s s s X s s a , s w q X q s r jkv 4hxkg hgj yH hje go ]kxkg kgj "kn kd u[n je go kr hxkg h[ , s w s s s s s s s s s nf >e kriWd Bkd Cgd jxv jkv 4hF jnl rgc k;ufn hjr 4kun tH e s q q s , qa q q s s s X k;ufn huiv jkc7jkc >e kr e>e kg kr_ki hH hl7kjt jxv 4kun tH li q s q s X q s s s fko e k;ufn huiv jkc7jkc >e ]Hi g kr kg kr_ki hH kjt e>e jxv d X q s q q z s s s X q f hxkg e ;nÔ je e <{ erfv kuFki hg dS `kn kynf kjkdIN l uoht s X s s X a Z z s q s s q >e df gd l ge ldf e df kvg FkrÎ kurb jdki lm e ]kvg ;ü/ kur wa s qa T q Z s T q b go ]kF k;nf s>e uoht kt su ke®keji df kd _ef uiv kgd u Fku–üho q s s s s j ]kgd suum jkv 4sxy ulg o jkv 4CF nc kt ]Cy yk[ [kv u Fku–ühoj , s a s , a s s X a s 2n jd rDe l uexkokv ]n kynf kjkdI s q s s N l <je7uoht df l qHi kjd kuFki er cv 4h;x kv k;÷l hd uoht ]; q s s z s Z z q a s x kv <{ erfv cv Fku–ühoj df ]kgd u _ef dS 4F kd uje Fku–ühoj a s s s s 4e k X yd hd uht l krZ<ijfi hd uoht g go 4g Cgu e 'kdkv {ke Bkd ],g Cg s s w , , X s s u e xo¬ {ke Bkd Syflb 4g krht e {ke go yi rfi 4Cgu Cgd {ke Bk X Z s s , X s z s s d Syf dlm 4g krht e eLhÌ k'eg go ]g krht e kr_ro¬ jrjuf go ] s , X s , X a a g krht skt l k<ki ji 4g krkg eyke u/c dS uoht Syflb 2g h[hl ky , s X z s w , s w a , d hd uht sueg l k<ki ji u ]g kgkp Nd hHd ueg u l k<ki ji udfy s s X z s w , q s s X z s w s 4g rkt kg FkF; ygi sd uy T s s Z s s s iW uîo¬ ;x gkp l Xk<ki ji jkv g hrkt kg ;®l ygi d uuc nç' k{kd s s s z s w , , s s s s a kv hOm l k<ki ji jkv g hrkt kg hji ygi d uOm kuFki hOm l k<ki s X z s w , , s w s s s Z z s X z s w ji 4Cgu jkd®ep Bkd ]Cgu ydjef Bkd kr ;kt kg rIf? jxv go ]g rgk s s s s s s T s p hH kt jGf <kzi ji 4g hrdl kg rIf? kuokHl hlß hg e k<{ d kr<wi s s w , s a X X s Z 3hg e k<{ d kr<wi udfy 4hF h;x hul u ]hF h;x h[n hHd kr u IH h X X s Z s q s s X lß 4xn ;x gj L[ xky kjktg o 4Cgu hukgd Bkd ]g kuI? dlfkgrfß g; a s s \ s X s s , 2;x yduf <ki dlm <{ hlm s z s 2s;x yduf <ki dlm <{ hlm jkv 2kn sn z s , s s kd Krhxl em "' hje ]ke®keji g ]kgd ulm jkv kd> e k<jp d Kr a z s s s s , q X X s hxl go 4k;x k;ky jrhH go 4F e jkcjntkj xky kjktg ]k;kv ji jk} g a s X s X o 4hF em hdlm "o lhykp l ydæfe ]kF Cgu kd em knk;† kxe[Hf go z Z s q z a 4kxkg k;ky Nd jWt s q 4g hrkg hd ei kr IH 4hgl hg kxe[Hf ]kg k;ky go hH kt3n ukt kv j , s zs s X a s s X s

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thyjf henkv go 4g defk/ henkv go 4Cgu ji uoht Ikjof lb udfy3g , Z s , krkv gnl ji suiv ]g krkv d' ji xP d ukg uiv ]g krkv d' ji R s a , a s s s s , pf uiv ]g krkv d' ji [kv huiv ltf ]g krgd kdlm e rDf;ø defk/ s , a s wa s T Z 4Cgu hjc kr hg [kv hje Cgd ]hr[n Cgu ryx Nd kr hg [kv hje Cgd q s a s s q s a s df krkv Cgu yk;“ hH jkc dS jkv 2g kjc hg uoht g; ]g rgd eg 2g , , q T s , jklv hg uoht g; ]g rgd eg 2g u/c hg uoht g; ]g rgd eg 2g ry T s , a T s T s s jd d' hg ji ke®keji ji eg ]rjd Cgu d' ji [kv huiv eg udfy s w s a s 4xky yko u[n rfkH lb s s s s a s kd uoht ]xky lß 4kF dhO kr krNi likv e 4g k;x kg ukjg e kr g s s s w s T wa s , T s T s w s q rNi l>e ikv j,kv 2Cgu ji ikv ]kxkg ji k[kv huiv >e d' kygi 4Cg s X a s q u ji ikv ]kxkg ji [kv huiv >e d' kygi kr y [n hH rjd jkpHf;ø s a s q s wa s s kdikv l k[kv huiv e jxv 4k;x kg ukjg kr e ]g srNi l>e k;D ikv s s X a T s , s T T w s q df kF k[yf e jRm d _i lm ]su hukyiÎ ~hc ~t go 4;x jH l kvqlkv X s s s s X a s d h'[ jdkOm e Fkg h/kx ltf 4kF jWt _i dS e k_i lhc um udfy q X a s X X s 4krkg d<fkeki ]krkg dIfFkv ]krkg k s z s X s d hjknukeB ]krkg pl ed l ed go ]Syflb g henkv IkN ikv df srgd s s T s s df krkg kNπv `Fkl d ke®kge Lc g rjWt k;D hd udfy cv udfy g s s s \ , s s T ke®kge Lc ikv 4h;x kg k;ƒef ]h;x kg O> rkc hjkl h;x hgd ygi kgo s \ s s w s a ]k;x kv 9udfy8 kgt ]rgd jkv rn [j Gjr dS kd _i jkv rP\i h/kx s a s , s s s , s a 2kF krkt kv N s hi dcl 9udfy8 go udfsy ]g ke®kge Lc rgc kr ikv df kF hg; iW kd s s , s \ q s hHl 2kxkg* go llb ]kxkg g; llb 2hx;kt kg hekunc hLc llb 2hxkg s s s s s s \ s s kiÎ hLc kr jd u kd xk;i lb udfsy ]g rjd dhO ]g rjd hH kt ikv \ s X s s z T s T s s ]g ke®kge Lc rgc kr ikv df hF hlß chjd7chjd rjkcb hdlm ]k;kv j T s \ q s Rm kt kd k_i lhUm ]F [yf _i kt lhc 4Cgu kr /kjof Bkd kjkgér ]t s X s s s s s s q kjrS Bkd kjkgér ]kg regl ]kg htkj er df g krgkp kuy Ni ler ]aWd s q s s q wa s w s q xk;i e df sygi dlb 4g kd ujd xk;i g; e df kNi lum jkv [yf _ s z T s wa s s s z T w s , s i kd k_ef erIduf lhc Bkd uiv sukgüm ]jd xk;i df ygi dlb udfy s X s s X X s z s s s 4Xy jd uhctk[ ]Xy jd ukpgi ]y jd <{hji kdlb 4g krkt s X , gj Cgu "' okH Bkd e ue kd ugc Gjr hd jhj' kr kg xy ugc Gjr s s X s s s X s s hd Hi ji d ji ct <ki 4g k;x gj Cgu kr "' <"dkv kd jhj' hH c q z s w s s w z , s s Z v Bkd Cgd ]g k[jiW hd kulko Bkd hH cv Cgd e ue dum df dl jd s , s s X s X oHuv kji kd kji g; o dfkr ]F sxy ukl rkj jdy kd hroq; u≈u dS q w w s s s s s s so 4kF xk;i Z<io®ge lcl kd uoht dum n;k' 4kF k;df xk;i kl7kIkN s z w s s s z s dS e kunf erfv d uoht u h/kx 4hdl kg Cgu e d¥e ji kpp hd xk X X a s s a s X q s w Z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 77 egaP

92 s rdl ht Cgu <{ dS kucf jkgér ]sxn kxy ukt eg ]g rjd ei gér eg8 s q X T s zs X q df g hgj kt gd hH hu®i 4g krukt hH go 4g hrukt hH hu®i 4g ZFv Bk , s , , , s d u ]g <ki Bkd u eutf ]kg ryduf l Lkdjf ukGkekx hldf lt ]g kgj , z s X X s s Z s s z s , , gd lß nç' 2g kgj jd k;D go df g Cgu hH kri lm cr ]g krgd ct s , , s , jkv 92g krjd ei >r e8 df g krkt gd tkj l hu®i huiv go ]g rfi , wa zs s q T , s s s , 4g kgj jd Cgu W' kr kuht kO wa q s > Cgd e df Li ku[j 'kg yi rfzi ]tkj7tkj doi<je¬ Nd Xe k'nf lm w T s \ s s s Z w q ]L\i sukOm end Nd e k'nf lm ]Li hujd ku/kl 4Li kujd xsk;i udfy X q X s \ s \ z s 4g rkt jxf <{®r hg rht l krohr 4F Xe uht T s s s z s s yFf'f dikv u/c 4sxy ujxf u/c d uoht df kxkg W' kuLi h;k[nf kd s a s a s s q \ s ikv jh/7jh/ kr 4s;kt kg ukrdS ]s;kt kg u≈yl ]s;kt kg rgfkel o®rDf; s s s s s a s ø xel kje ]o®rDf;ø yIkI kje 4;kt jtqx l k<ki ji ]kvg kxkt kji ]sl z s s s s s X z s w q w 'kg ji go ]g kujtx jkc dS ltf kr 4kx;kv u jGf jlov go ]kx;kv s s w , q s s s s u jGf yi go 4g Cgu kuokHl Bkd hd sujtx kjkckn l r¬kj lm 4g kujt , a s q s s s , q s x l oHquv jkc hg dS go 4kxs;kv Cgu kjkckn go ]g kgj kv yi rfi kt s , z s 4l k<ki ji kr hH XOm s X z s w s ]hH ;kl 6l k<ki ji kr hH <je¬ 4l k<ki ji kr hH utkH 4l k<ki ji X s s X z s w s s X z s w s s s X z s w s kr h_e 4l k<ki ji kr lg 4l k<ki ji ]l kr<ijfi kr ;kj ct cv kr 4 , s X z s w s X a s X z s w s Z w s X s s g xv Z;koufv kd ku/kl lk;i kd uht l krohr hji kd <{ dS7dS 3hy , a z s s z w s GLbke ]dZoi<je¬ 6''fkd jkv lgkl jkv reégf hd uht l iW d<fkeki q a w s , , s s z kd yi dS7dS df kxgd g; likv e kr 4g krdl kt k;df Nd e k'nf h s wa s T s , q X d ukuc ;®l kd o®rDf;ø hHr ]s;kt kv 'kg ct udfy 4g krkt kg kO> o s s s s , s w ®rDf;ø df ]g rkt s;kc thc d jgt hg l uipc 4g hy jd hL[ ucl eg T s s s s , \ s `hy jd Cgu hL[ kr hI¥kuli l¥kG \ s Z Bkd ]o®rDf;ø kO> Bkd Cgd sue df g hjWt rgc uk;÷ ji lb ]urpV ji s w s T , q lb 4g O> Nd cl kje ]g hrgd O> [kv hje ]g O> jk'b je ]g O> n , w q s T w X a s T s w s s s T s w ç' je 4g Ow> dS kukg kje 4Cgu d<fkeki ]Cgu dIfFkv 6g yekG e ]g s s , s s z X wa Z T wa djfkpikv e df g efH hygi lcl hd sukg ryx jse kr `g ryx kgd e , T , w s s s s wa a T 2g hrkg eyke kLhi ]g krkg ewyke [qn ]g krkg eyke u/c >e uoht jx , s w \ , s , s w a s q v ]g ryx Cgd e df g g; rkc ;h<je¬ hygi Syflb hd kyd hd uoht wa T , 2skvkt Gjr hd ;®e jkv kIg l uoht ]kjd ;kim kd uje hyvtx q 1 , s s s s q zs sjh/7jh/ 2kjd xk;® ]kjd /"uf ]kLkN ]kjd u;kyi ]kxkH jkv3jkv hd u s s s s s s\ s s , s oht kjd Ohi df g ;kim hg dS kr cr ]g krkv gnl ji uoht jxv jkv s , s , s a , 4g krdl jd ;kim Bkd kd uync kd ;o¬ go ]g krkv gsn , s s s a , a l ji a;o¬ ltf dfk;D 4g krdl [hl kyd hd uoht henkv go jkv 4g l s X , , ,
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044 fo 87 egaP

m jdkt lki dlm 4hF h;x kg rkj hl,t ]Bg hukjg hg hurm jGf lm 4g s s q , s , kgj jd uk;÷ Sg Lkt Fkg jhdG go jdOc lki dlm ]g kxy jF®i kd y q s s\ , s , he kt jkudf d dLl df k[n kr k;x jgkc d jnfe ]kOm hjkti ct gcql s s s \ s s s a q 4k;x k;nf ykduf jgkc lm 2h;x hd Cgu ∂Gf hdlb ]jgkc hxxy ñnl s s kd ukoxH rxkt7rht lb jkv F rLi h;k[nf ukoxH e r√e hd hLdy df s s s , s s \ X w \ X k;D 2e rkj nl lm ]k;x k;nf ykduf jgkc d jnfe kd jhdG lm hg rkj X Z s a s 2g krikr hH e ]kikr hH er 2kvky kOm hH o ]g h[j jkv ak;r√we wa T s q s s T , s , kn ]g hdkc rgc rkj hHv ]kvkt er `sxkg rdl kg ld ukoxH kr hrskg q s q X s s s , s Cgu hg k;F¬fv e r√e hd hLdy ct8 ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg jhdG go kr a X w \ s s a s `g hrkg k;F¬fv Cgd e r√e hd hLdy cv 4k;x Li Xe r T s a X w \ \ dDnf jdkjgO kd yxki e ]kgd sulm ]k;yf dkO Fkg ji jlf u hjktqi lm s T s s 9 4g kgj tk[ k;F¬fv hd ukoxH e8 ]kgd ulm ` wa s a T s g; g gj jd k;D ikv8 ]kNi su rgfkji lm 2kxy unjd ]kxy ukeq? e [ T s w s q s s q s X kj hd r√e h;x yt jdkOm kLdI kd hLdy dS Bg hLi e lki jhdG go w \ q \ q \ X 9`g kgj kyt kd ukoxH `g kgj kyt r√we hd u , s , koxH `g kgj jd k;D g;8 ]yxki df ]kgd u rgfkji lm 2kF kgj ikr p , s s q kv jdkyt go kd dS l eum 4hd k;Lfdy CF k;r√e uhr hd 0c ukoxH a s s X X \ a w q 4k;x kg yxki kr jdkt kgo 9`kg gj jd k;D g;8 ]kgd jkv k;x kvg kxkH go s s a s s , q 2g kgj ikr pkv jhdG ]g hgj yt xkv e uxkv phc , a T X a d jnfe df k[n jdkjc? kr hy[ nCu hd hjkti rkj h/kv 4k;yf kjgO jr s a s s q q hH lm djd k;n u hjkti d jnfe 4Cgu hH Lid lki d jhdG 4g rkj hL s s s q s a s \ s , a q O rgc ]g rkj nl 4g kvg kjgO e jnfe dS d ukikt rkj dS jhdG dS , Z , q X a s `;kt skg X s \ L[ suekl d k;r√e um df kF kgd uldf jGf `e jnfe lm s;x k;D jG s X w s X a X f `kF kvg oHuv Bkd hHd kd Hi hldf e jnfe lm `F sLt dikv Fkg q q s q z X a s q\ s Xe pl ]g ;x jdLkt Fkg ikv e jnfe ltf `Om end Bkd ld ]y[ jk} T s s\ X a s s s , s q Bkd ld ]suc Zxke Bkd ld Gjr hd ;®l d uoht l o®rDf;ø O> lb kr s s , s s , s s s w s 4g kO> o®rDf;ø kjkl , w 2g Oc s;yf ji jlf eg güm ]kvg Cgu uZ'n Bkd kd ;®l hldf eg e k_ T s , X q s X X X ¬k' ltf 2g gj kt yp ;df ktwi eg kgo ]g srLi h;k[nf jF®i eg e kj T s s s a T \ X X X nfe utf 2g gj kt yp s;kdq> jlf eg kgo ]Cgu k0J Bkd Xeg rfi dutf a T s s a s z s 4l Fkg suiv g gj ld e ykt kd o®rD s T s X s f;ø jkl ikv jdgd kdub 4kdub gd re udfy 4g jrgc go ]gj sOc ip s s s X s , s X , q 4gd re 4g sO> nç' ; 4g Cgu hgkox Bkd hd k<ki Nhi d knç' ub jkv X T w s , s X z s s X ,
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044 fo 97 egaP

nf kdikv jGf 4h;x kg kuFki ]kuy dk> l ei <{ dS e [kv hd hldf s s Z z s a s zs X a ]sx;ki ikv jGf 4h;x kg kti kusy e Fkg Fkg kd hldf ]x;ki ikv jGf 4h X s w X s X ;x kg kti kuOc7kuOm 4;x kg kti ekd IkN7IkN df xX;ki ikv jGf ]jd s w , s s w s s s s s X W' kuht e Bkpπl kdlm 4X;ht l krohr kd oHuv roht ]kd krd<fkekzi q X s s z s q a s 4L X s\kN ]Lkr kd krdjfkpikv3Lkr 4g u/c go ]g k[j jd kO> cl ueg kt g X s\ s , X s\ , a , w s s o ]g Ifyuli l¥kG kt go 4g u/c o®rDf;ø k;ƒef ]Cgu uoht u/c `g u , , Z s , a a , /c uoht df g rNi jGf jkv 2g kO> ei 2g hO> kuFki 2g O> nç' 2e a T s w , , w zs , w Z z T s w X s s a T s \ s s\ j/v g L[ Lkt Fkg 2kgo krLi Cgu h;k[nf Nd 4g k[k/ jkv lkodc jk a \ q , s , , v hO> kti hjkl hjkeg udfy 4h;x kg kti d<fkeki dS g; ]dIfXFkv g; w w s s w z 4kg kuc u s k; kg hH kuc d;ky sun utkH ]Cgu kri 4krdl n Cgu [p kucf e 4hF s s s s s T hrsn s>e jGf ]hF hry [p ygi 4hF hrjd hg klß hH ke hje ]kgd ukgüm q s s a s s X `skg s rkxy kd ukoxH er jGf kg rsy [p utkH ygi er df g kul ]df kgd s q s s s s q , q 4kg u s k; kg /axl e yG ]Cgu kri 4krdl Cgu hg kPp lo e df kgd u <‘Îekj s q X w \ s , T s `kg rkPp kd s s \ s r√e jGf kg rsy ?l sygi yG er df g k;x kul df3k;kyc kd <‘Îekj w s s wa w q , q q s 4g kti Bkd g; `g kgj kg LcL\x k;D cl g; ]kgd kr 2g rkxy kd ukox , w s , s \ s T s s H jGf ]g ry [p sygi kd nkli df hF h;kv jc[ ]g rkPp kd r√e jd T s s s z T s \ s w ?l kd kyG <‘Îekj df hF h;kv jc[ 4CF dhO jkv CF Gkl hLc r;kd'f wa s X w , \ X 4CF Xr;kd'f k;D7k;D 4g hgj yp LcL\x hLc kti3e unf hg jkp ]g h , \ \ w X T ;x kv r;kd'f hLc 2g rkg eyke LcL\x k'seg henkv dhO 4g krkg eyke X \ T s s w \ , s w LcLx kr henkv g; df kgd ulm j,kv hLt hIed 4h;x kg uk'ji go ]h \ \ s s q\ s s s d jnfe hF hIed 4h;x kg W' ydæfe hg e unf Okv jkp7kn udfy ]hF hj a s s q q X s s dku hd uhge s;iQ lhc 4hF hyef gxt hd hjkti e joæ<{fn kd <‘Îekj , s q X s s 4hF hOw> kti h;x hd go 4F O> Fkg Sg Lt o 4Syf jkgér hF w s s w q s q\ s s q hO> r√e go 4F rL\i Cgu h;k[nf ydycf gér ukoxH df kyp kri sl dr w w s s q X q Z hg jkgér 4dl kg u htkj hH er Syf d Xk;F¬fv 4g rLi h;k[nf jgx u s q s s q s T s \ s s rdf ukoxH gér df kF krgkp ku[n e df hF h;kyt r√e Syfhlb uTe r X q s T w s kj 2gxt hHl3g rLi h;k[nf hg ukoxH gxt hHl >e ]kgd u jhdG lm T s \ s q s 9`g kgj jd kuZF , ki jdLkt Fkg kd jF®i `g kgj jd k;D g; ]yxki8 ]kgd jkv k;kygf sl z s\ s , ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 08 egaP

4;kt kg Ødb <ki ji jxv ]g krdl kg <{ hlb ]Cg; X s s z s w , s jkv hHv3g krdl kg <{ hlb kr ]kg l krzxel ]l kr<il hurb uk;÷ kr , , s s s s s Z w a s 4kxn kpgi dr jRm 4g hGkd hg uæi kdlb 4g Cgu rjWt s qa , z , hH hd sun jRm lb cv 4g k;x kv henkv kyko uNi uæi d<fkeki dS s s , s w z z kGn hygi ]dIfFkv dS kGn hygi g;8 ]kgd l k;‘'f jkv uiv u Qx lm X s X , s s q 9 4MN ji ]Mkxy jdDp dikv l rlqG jGf ];kt yef jR a q , a s s Z s m ygi >e 4g ygi uæi kje ]g ygi jRm kje `kd upc je g ry keé s s q , s z s , s s s s s T s s tf ikv ]g rkynf lkoæof ikv `kxpc kntV hH nkc dlm ]Mkxy jdDp u T s wa s a hr e df g rkynf lkoæof ikv k;D udfy ]kxaMN ji jkc kl rkl ]Cgu jk T T s s q , , c rkl jkv kxWd ;ke∂jfi kl uhr e ]Cgu jkc uhr8 df kgd u do; lm , a X , T s q 4srkt ; s nf Cgu jRm lß 4kNi jGf ]kOc jGf3'i¬ <jp jkc rkl ]ke∂jfi uhr y s s w s , Z s gi df ]Cgu hH kri gér `kg I‘'fv ld ]kg thernc ld ]kgd u Qx lm X q s s , s s , s q 2g k;kv uNwi Nd e df ]kgd jkv /hl Syf Ldi wa s q T , s \ s a /d jdkt ulm 4kpgi ko; go 2jd klkKtf jdOc jGf ]SN ji jkc rkl s qa q s , q , jGf ]hd Qqx jd ke∂jfi uhr sygi kr ;kv rDf;ø Bkd hH ct df kF e;u s s s s f kd eJkv lm d Qx lm 4kF kpgi lki d Qx uiv hlk;ül ko; dS3dS s q qa s q s a q 4kg <{ erfav g; ]g krdl kg slt df s , s , rfkH lb kr `g krdl gd ukd 4;kt k[ Syf d k'seg kr s;kt k[ sl Fkg a s , , s s s s s <{ g; Cgd jkv 4kg erfv <{ g; ]g krukt ukd 4;ki Om u k; ;ki O , s a , , X X m ikv nkc d uk;÷ df g krukt ukd3jdkxy okn kji ]l k<ki ji udfy s , , a w s X z s w s 4hxkg Cgu rfx Bkd Cgd e uk;÷ lm kr s s X s g gj Oc gjr lb jxv 4Sgfkp kukt hg Oc Syflb ]g ;x hg kv cv dfp T s , , T s wa 2g Oc Syflb ]g s;kv e jof'f dfp 2g Oc hH eg Syflb ]g Oc xky T s , T X wa T s , T s , s cl jkv dfwap3 g s;x Oc ikv rfkH hlb jxv 4g s;x Oc xky cl jkv df , T , a T , s , X k;D ]g ;x Oc lc k; g gj Oc l k<ki ji uiv eg go 4d<fkekiv k; g T s , T s , s X z s w s z , d<fkeki go df g hjWt kuy >el g; ]e Hnl hlb ]hH Xe /cl sd uk;÷ z , s X Z a a a 4xO,c Syf d uk;÷ d _fkj eg jGf ]jkv rkc hIkN dS 4xjd rkc hd s X s s , s s X um yd kr 4xkg e /cl lb uæi jkp7kn Nd jkv jGf 4hg kurb kr hHv s s X X a a z s q , s 4g krkg Cgu /cl l uoht Syflb ]g rht l iW d<fkekiv eg , s a a s T s s z 4g krkt kg r/f , s acl l ;®l d uoht l iW d<fkeki go ]g krht l iW d<fkeki kt udfy a s s s z , s z s s 4g rkt kg nç' d hlm cl kr jGf T s s s s 4hxy sukv dy> hdlm e yG7yG ]e Ri7Ri ]e <d7<d kr jGf 4kxy u X w w X s s X s s Om Gjr cl kr jnfe kdlm 4kxy ukg ntke Gjr cl kr go ]kxLi h;k[ s a s s w , s s \
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044 fo 18 egaP

9 4g k;D hH tg kr kvg hH Cgu j,kv kx;kt hH tc ekyv `g kujke k , Z s q s Z , jN kdldf jkv 4kxn jH ekyv hH e ]kxy [j kjN hH e ]Bg >e rdDnf q s , wa Z T wa q T q s q hlß hHd ct jkc hyxv 2g hNπv hLc chdjr skr g;8 ]kgd u _ef dlm , \ s s 9 4g k;x kg yg ykol8 df ]kgd sl _e , s f uiv jkv ukgüm kNki kFke 4k;x kg yg jrhH d Iufef pki ykol go ] s , s X X s s a kF kvg s;df uk'ji l I? rkl7gN kt 4g k;x kg yg ykol df g ;ki kg q s s s a s , s T s s Cgu ji Iufef pki 2Cxy ugc aSkjk/ hd uhli l jhj' jkl 2kxy sup kuhl s w a s s s s w i jrhH d Iuef uhr l Fke 4g kog hLO 4g rkj nl 4s;x xy e ujd yg s s s , a , Z X s ykol o jkv kxau g kvg kix suekl kjqN 4g hxy uPc xkv dIf7dIf hL\? s , , q , s \ s 4kF k;nf jH ekyv kd Iufef g–i 2F ;x kg jgkc d uul Fhrekj udfy Z a s s s s s q Z s 9`g kusn7kuy , s k;D klß l ykol lb 2kg gj kt Sg yxki hg ydycf k;D8 ]kgd u _ef s s s q q s 9 4kx;kt kg jrhH d hrkN kjN kr k;x kg s s s q s s Cgu yg ykol g; e Iufef g–i jxv 2jkd¬eu BkH df ]kgd l _ef uiv X a s s jkv k;nf jH ekyv kd nkc Iufef g–ai e hL? 4k;yf [j ji ycI kd sj , Z X \ s s q s N 4;ky ykduf kjN dS l hIi huiv ukgüm jdkt jkv g Om Fhrekj hHr q s s s X , T s Z `kg gj jd uiyxki k;D ]g s s , kgj gd jkv ]hFkl3g k;x kjc? _ef go 4krkg Cgu yg uæi go 4h;x k[ , , s z s rkj hji 4d gcl g pc I? hg kn kr cv ];x tc jkp ]s;x tc uhr Pkl w s q T s s a s s s s \ 4kx sLi hg kujd yg kr lm 4g hn n hrkup kd k<ki ji je ulm ]g kgj kg \ s s , s , q s X z s w s s s , s Cgu yg uæi kt 4g Cgu ykol kd k{hji jGf 4g hg kujd yg >e g; ]Cg z s , , s q u ]Cgu `kxMkt kv djd hg pki `sxLi ujd Cgu yg uæi jkl >e e k{ a s a X \ s z s s q X hji erfv kGn hygi tkv k;D kr k;x kv g; jxv jkv8 ]kgd u Fhrekj a s , s Z 9 4ky jd hH ∂Gf hd kjln 4hH kx;kv uæi g; df g krgd ukd 2kg gj s X w s z , , s s jd ckj[ rkj hjkl ji uæi dS jkv g hrkt h;kv chjd gcl 4kg ;x skg z , , q s s yxki er ]kxy ugd go ]g hOkigl kjln kdum e jed kt Fkl 4g kgj q s , w X s s , yef Cgu jRm Bkd kd uæi jkv ];x tc uhr d rkj 4k;df W' kujd yg s z , s s s q uæi dS l stc rkl >kl jkv F gj n k{hji erfav hd r<fx hd ~S ~eS z s a , s s s 4g hgl hHl o df kF T s hH lkoæof kurm 2y pkt pki hH Bkd ]uæi g s;nf jd ln df r[yf Ik X a a s z T s s u jiM klo 6jd yg pki Bkd ]uæi g ;nf ln df g krn d{hji Iku klt , X a s z T s T s s , jiM ]jkv rn jd yg jkl ]krNi d{hji uæi urtf 4hF rnkv hd k'seg , s s s w z s 4hF rnkv hlo 2y pkt rkl hH Bkd df r[yf jkv rjd yg hg gjkc o , X a s s , s s kr jd yg rkl hH Bkd df krkg k[yf jkv rkv uæi gjkc jxv e k{hj s X s s , s z X i3hF rnkv dS hd k'eg jkv 4F ñFk|of d r<fx ]F rPi Fhrekj heko¬ s , s s s s \ Z
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044 fo 28 egaP

hxntf hji hje 4g Bg hxy hxnatf hji hje hg ji lb lt 4g k;x Oc uj a w s , q w s s , wa , s d uk;÷ e df Cgu rkc djfkpikv Bkd g; 4g i¥dl d<fkeki dS kje g; T , s , a z s 4g kgj jd 'oi e wa s z X ;ü' e3l ke®kv hji ]l k<ki hji ]l rDf' hji 4y y ji –d d Rpf ui w T s w s X z w s w X s X s s v l dhO kd okH lb ]g kgj kt e uk;÷ e3l krd<fkeki hji hygi slcl s s wa X T s z w X ;kt Iy ];kt Oc 4e? u kgo7kg; 4X;kt Iy ikpip 4y s X , X w a a s q X kuc gxt huiv hn¥t 4g hy kuc gxt huiv uikv ]g kry uke e ]g dhO , s wa s T T X;kt Iy ikpip hH Cgd 4hH Cgd i s q kpip y sy gxt huiv7huiv gxt 4X;kv yduf jgkc kLkF kr kg Ghydr q X s\ s s X e phc ]kg ;kt kv jgkc gxt hLkF ]X;kt Ig LkF ]kg u kvg krN kd hld a X s\ s s\ s q w s f Bkd gj Gjr hd BkpM kdikv jlf df ;Ify lß kr kg hphu7hpaM gxt s s a s s s s s hxkg rkc hd uk s ldu Syf dikv cl go dfk;D ];jfd re rkc hH kjt ]Cgu ;lfg hH kjt q s X s s a g kukt kg knof jGf ]yd rkj dS ]tkv rkj dS , s dfk;D ]l k<ki ji tkv jkv 4Xy y gxt huiv7huiv 4Cgu rkc hH kjt 4Cg X s X z s w , s u tkokv ydycf ]ikpip 4kxsLi kuIy dfk;D ]y kuc gxt huiv7huiv kr q q \ s X X s 4sxO,c Syf d uk;÷ d _fkj eg cv X s s 4g krdl kg hH sr , s gd7rgd je 4Cgu rjWt hH hd ujd 4g krdl kg rDo hlb 4g krdl kg s s s s , s , s hg tkv 4g rkv sy uekl skd k<kzi ji ]kd kuFki hji ]g rjd Idi kd lk T s s X s w s Z z w T s z s ;î hji Syf d uki lm kt ]g hrkg /çyim skd Cgüm htd go udfy 4g ht w s s s s , s qa s , d hd kukt[ r¬el d uoht kr uk;÷ df g hugd likv >e jkv rkc g; qa X s s , s s q , 4ZktM hjkl ]cl3rDf' hji3g rn kxy Nd cl 4g ry kuc okn dS l krxel ]sl kr w T s s q T s s a s z d<fkeki hji kd uk;÷ kt ]g hrdl kg htd Syf dum yod hH uk;÷ 4g C z w s s , s qa s s , gu lki jkeg hg I‘fn Bkd3Bkd hd uht l krxel hHd eg udfy 4g srkt s 1 s s s s z s T II sykr cl 4g rkt y[ jk} cl 4g krkt Ig cl 4g krdl kv hHd u w T s q , , ]g k;kv Nd hHd u suekl d kxky yko ukxy ji okn kd uoht l krxel , q s X s s s a s s z `g hrdl dQ kt ]g k/kc hl7ukd hd uoht `hxdQ kt ]g rfk' , s , , s s , a v hl7ukd `hxdQ kt ]g u>ym hl ukd `hxdQ kt ]g k;¬el hl7ukd `kx , s s , , s s , , dQ kt ]g uæi kl7ukd `g rdkr hd thp ldf kr n kxy ji okn Bkd kj s s , z , , s s a s i kd kji kd k<ki surb ct `g rdkr Bkd `g r;lfg Bkd ]g hr¬g Bkd w w s X z , s , , s , s hd uæi kr ;kt kg kL[ uekl d uæi hldf rDf;ø Bskd l krxel hlß ct z s s s \ s s z s z 4krkt kg jrhH d hrkN kjN jkv rkg jwi s s q , s s s Iufef g–i df kF rpæfuf kr g; 4kF kgj kt k;nf Cgu k[k/ kd hldf 4h a s s s F u chdjr g; 4Bg chdjr Bkd g; df g kr>el r8 ]kgd u Fhrekj kr q s , w s Z s
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044 fo 38 egaP

]g krkt gj yGlv ct ei j,kv 4g rki jd /çyim u jkv g rki sn ei , zs T s , T s zs eg kr u 2g hrki kg Cgu yGl hg lk;î ;h–d hd uoht 4g Cgu ;pækv Bk s , s X , Z s d kr Li ewyke krpV ]Li eyke kryGof ]Li eyke u'I¬G ]lyxuVhe ]u s s \ s \ w s \ w ≠s s hgFv3xy uLi h;k[nf F;ø uoht kr kg hrkt kg yGlv klîhHv hgo jkv Z s s \ Z s s s , 4g hd ei klîhHv go , zs 3g klîhHv hg dS ]g kuFki hg dS ]g lk;î hg dS e –d d uoht r¬el , , Z z , X X s 4g krdl yef Cgu –d Bkd jkv rDjfrfv d ei kr ]kg kutk[ jxv – , X s , s zs s s s d kd uoht 4g kuFki hd ei jkv lk;î hd ei jkv k{kdkv hd ei Xe –d X , Z z zs , zs , a zs X s d uoht n;k' df kxkg krkg oHquv g; kd d;®i ]g rht uoht eg klt s s s s z T s , 4g hjWt husy >el l dhO hLkF Syflb rkc hd , s s\ ei 4g Z"?l jkv }} ]gyd ]klgV ]o–im jkl d rxt lb iW Ikjof hg kd zs T a , a s s lm ]g h>el7ryx kt e /cl d ei 2Cgu nç' kjln Bkd e k"kH hd ;‘u , s X a a s zs w s X q e n;k' kurm ]g krkt k>el ryx kurtf ]g LI¬jLvlef kurtf nç' ezsi , , q a 4g k;x kg uOfd hg kuukpg , s i kd kdDlf hylv df g ryfpi knk;† urb dDlf O> 4g dDlf O> cl o s X T z s s s w T s s w s ]g rukt eg Nd kt l eku d ei 4g Cgu hg kri Bkd eg kd ei udfy T s q s s s zs , s X zs s 4g krkt pgi l ei kgo ];‘ue krpgi Cgu kgt sl ukK , qa s zs a q qa a 4g _wl kjl , hr ei 4kxgd likv Nd e /cl lb ]Sgfkp ue u≈euf7ei rfi d uoht zs wa s q X a a zs z s Xe kpp hjlhr tkv jkv 4g Cgd rkc hl7hLkF e /cl lb ]Sgfkp okH jkH Z , T X s\ X a a s of7lj rfi d uoht e kpp hd unf jln 4hF hgd likv ue rkc hl7hLkF z s X Z s w s s T s\ X e /cl lb ]Sgfkp okH /≈eof7;e¬of rfi sd uoht e kpp hd lonf ygi a a q z X Z s 4g kukt yp e ekJof <i Syf d Iufef ln Xe , s X Z w s rv jkv g kujd uke kd ue ]g kujd rk' kd lkoæ ]g kujd yFf'f kd a , , , s , a s , s jhj' 4g iWuv d kok>l s;nf e rv d upoi jlhr ok>l jkl nkc dlb T q s X q X a s z s q s s 4kxs;kt kyp krskg hg klo jGf ]jd oHquv l k<ki ji Fkl je 4g krn ok>l l LkF Te cv , X s X z s w s s wa s q s s s\ 4y jd nc X a [kv 4n LkN yFf'f kd jhj' 4l ukg g krdl dkj ukd 4kxdl kg Nd j a X s\ s s s s , s , s s q Wt df g lk;î hdikv hurb 4kxdl kg Nd jWt df g rkj rHnv hurb 4 , s s q , q X s\ n LkN yFf'f kd jhj' jkl ]y jd nc [kv 4n LkN yFf'f kd jhj' sjkl s s X a a s s\ s 4y X jd nc [kv jGf 4y sy ji –d d Rpf kd okH lb 4g ykol kd ;®e jkv a a X X s s , q 1 ,
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044 fo 48 egaP

4g k{kdkv hd r}v ]k{kdkv hd ezsi , a , a 4g k{kdkv hd ukt kg dS Fkl d r¬el ]hd ukt kg dS3k{kdkv hd ezsi , a s s s s s a 4g krgk , p kukg rîkel l jGf go ]g ;DFki kt go ]g kukt kg xyv kt go 4g kr s s , Z s , s s , gkp kukg dS Fkl d I‘fel jGf go ]g rDf;ø kt go 4g hrgkp kuLt sl s s , s , q\ jxkl liko nc go 4g h;x dIH e 'kdkv ruv jkv l jxkl h;x II nc wa , X a , s w wa dS 4g krkg xyv rDf;ø l ke 4g k;x dIH Xe kvkog jkv g k;x L\m sl , s s a , X , , Ir <d kd rj l7IkN dS 4g h;x IN e 'kdkv ruv jkv g h;x kxy xk s s s s , w X a , , a yN l –el nc hl7hIkN dS 2g hrn jd Wq' k_k; hydv e rxt Ikjof l s q wa s , s s X b d uoht Bkdb dS hydv 4g hrsn jd W' k_k; huiv Bkdb dS xyv 4 s s , q kd jhj' /cl g krkt II l ke ]g krkg eüt kd ;‘ue ]kgd yd ue klt a a , w s a , s q s T , 4hxdl kt h>el rkc jkv kr >el eg lb ygi `g k;D klîhHv s , s X s s , hd ei g; udfsy 4g r–fd hg ji ei l iW erfv "?l kjkl ]Lkn hjkl zs , X zs s a Z a ,\ ]eJ kjkl ]e∂im kjkl kd uoht7;‘ue udfy ]kg u e yk;[ kdikv n;k' q s s X s 2g rgkp kujd kji T s w jdrht efH lm ]dl rht Cgu e ei so ltf ]g kri kdikv k;D ]g rrht w s s X zs s , s T s ;†kj Lc jkv g rjd 0; Lc xky kt 2g rgkp kujd kji l gxal d sl,i s \ , T s q s \ s s T s w s z s go ]kyef Cgu l ei kt ]g kri skdikv k;D ]g rkt rkxy jkcv ]g rkt s zs s , T s s a T s yp rjH k;jfktrf hd u/ xky kt 2g rjd ''fkd hd uy ki lm ]g kye s s a s s s T s s s s s , f Cgu l ei kt l e;÷ke d '; xky jkl o ]g kri kdikv k;D ]g rjd s zs s s s s s s , s T s kuekd hd '; ]g rjd k_k; hd kni ]g rjd k_k; hd k{kdko®ge xky kt T s X T s a s s 4g kryduf l h_kxx hd ei e∂ r¬el kd uoht , s s a zs 4g rkt LkN Syf d ei jkv g rkt ;klc Syf d T s s s\ s zs , T s s s ei jk}7j? 4g krkt k;yf Syf d ei lk;ül 4g hrkt hd jki Syf d ei k zs , s zs a T s zs a ;Pfhl hd '; 4g krkt k;df kØdb lkilkv d ei u/ 4g rkt Ly lkilkv \ , s zs T s s \ s d ei 0q; 4g rkg hg lkilkv d ei lk;i jkl `g rjd lk;i jH uoht zs T s s s zs z s T s z `g rki T s jd /çyim Cgu jkv g rgkp eg l eku d ei kt ]g rkc hl7ukd `,g k; , T s s s zs s , , D lk;î yxki hd ei g; `g k;D klîhHv hd ei g; `k;D g ei g; udfy zs , zs , zs s 4g krkt kg r<fjfi e kr;ü/ jkv krFkr , s X , Z Î ]dFkl dS uoht ]g krkg yGl ei 4g krxy ukg eyke uhgutk;i uo Z , s zs , s s w s z ht kr g krkg yGof ei 4g krkt uc jkl uoht kr ]g krskg yGl ei ct s , s zs , s , zs 4g yG kd kryGof hd ei krjklv hd uoht , zs 4g krxy ukg eyke j , s s w klv7jklv ]F;ø7F;ø uoht kjkl kr ]krki kg Cgu rjfdv ct thc kd ei Z Z s s q a zs
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044 fo 58 egaP

w n Syflb ]g kgj ki jd Cgu ei l dhO >e go ]g k;df ei ue sltf n; , zs s s q , zs s T k' df g krLi h;k[nf g; kr lm 2g krLi h;k[nf Cgu g; kd hei udfy , \ s s , \ s zs s 4kxkg kylkG ]hxkg hjwn ]kxskg s s ;DFki kgo df kd Fkni g okHo¬ g; 4krdl kt kvg Cgu dS ji yr d Z a Z , q s jIe ]krdl kt kvg Cgu dS ji yr d Fkni ]krdl kt kvg Cgu dS ji , q s Z q yr d jhj' df g kehl hd jhj' g; df krLi h;k[nf Cgu g; lm udfy s , \ s s 4;ki kg Cgu dS udfy 6k;x kv kr lki go ] s s s s kF kgkp kukg dS Fkl dltf 4s;x kg yGlv df g krki hei 4Cgu ;pækv s s s , zs Z kr ]kg rkt kg yGlv ei jkl ;x ;df ji yr d jhj' Syflb 4g hrkt s X s s zs s s s s , gj rîrv ]hF kuekd hd ukg dS kt go ]hH ji uy Iduf kd jhj' 4Tg ; 1 s s s s s s s ki kg Cgu dS ]g ;ki kg Cgu lki ]g xyv7xyv eg df g kryp kri kd s T s s T , s hldf hH jdkxy l ;nÔ Syflb 4g hrkt gj ntke hjn ]g hrgj jkjdjc s , w , w , hjwn udfy ]g hrkt kv lki gn kn 4g ry kxy l ;nÔ kd hldf eg e ezsi s T s s T s s s s X 4hrdl kg Cgu rîkel hjn go ]g hjwn e phc e Fkg kukn ub 4g kylkG hH s w , X X X s , e Lkt dub 4g jn hH jGf Fkg s; udfy ]g rLi eyke Sg Lt eg Fkg X s\ s T w s T s \ w q s q\ X ; ];kv y Iduf hg urdf eg Fkg s; 4hx;kt hg gj "' hjn e phc dum s X s s s s w X s ]g kylkG e phc dum 4rdl kg Cgu dS q<v kn hH kr jd ;kim [ky , X s s s s s X eg 4g xyv l q<v jlwn <v ds;®i 4g dof<kv ]g defkIS kRl hd Fkni , s s q z , , Z 4kx;kt gj "s' lI¬Lf ]kylkG ]hx;kt gj "' gxt l iW Z;koufv phc d s X s s s s X q kv<v kn 4rdl kg Cgu dS udfsy ]g rdl kg Iduf 4rdl kg Cgu dS u s s s T s s s s dfsy ]g rdl kg kr lki <v kn 4g xyv7xyv <v dS7dS jkv g dof< T s s s q s , q , , kv ]g defkIS l iW Z;koufv Fkni 4g Cgu oHl krdS hH Bkd ji yr d , s Z , a s s jhj' 4g Cgu oHl krdS hH Bkd e rxt ji yr d Fkni ]Cgu kri kdi , a s X s Z s kv n;k' udfy 4g krtk[ ji yr d jhj' go ]g krtk[ krdS kt ;‘ue s , s s , s s q 4g s;x kg ryfpi dDlf sO> l eku d ei Syflb 4Cgu xke yko uj T s z s w s s zs Z s s d dS ]g Zxke yko sujd xyv hg Zxke o ]g rtk[ krdS eg l kxke ut T s s T s s s ˜ f n;k' 4g rkt kg yGlv Cgo7Cgo ]g hrkt htk[ krdS g; kgt7akgt 4g T s s , s a T rkt kg yGlv Cgo7Cgo ]g rtk[ krdS g; eg e kvk'nf utf7utf udfy s s T s s X X s 4g kutk[ krdS okH dyfke kd e , s , i 4g kuFki jkv lk;î hd sukt kg dS Fkl d uoht r¬el k{kdkv hd ezsi zs , Z z , s s a 4g hrgkp kukg dS Fkl , s d jxkl nc liko 4g krpV hgo ]g [n hgo ]g kukt kg L[ jn lcl kd s wa , , q , s s \ w s rDf;ø kt 4hd rDf;ø g kLhi hgo ]g kukg xyv kd rDf;ø kt ]g ;DFki kt s , \ , s s , Z s 4;kt kg rDq;l l r¬el ]g kt 6lcl ;kt kg dS ]g lk;î hg dS hd ezsi s s a s , s s s s ,

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044 fo 68 egaP

4h;ki skg Cgu rIf? kuI? hlt ei e rxt Syfl , zs X b ]g hgj hrtk[ kd ei jkv krdS ji yr d jhj' rfkt7;‘ue dr tkv , s s zs , s q 4g oHlv krdS ji yr d jhj' hHl 4g Cgu ykol kd jhj' , a s , go jkv jhj' g; 2krkv Cgu yk;“ g; ]g oHlv krdS ji yr d jhj' , , a s 4g hrgj huc Cgo hd Cgo hryx hnk;ufc udfy ]g hrdIH Xe tk[ hd k;e , q s T s X fi jln [kv cr 4g ryx hg rDf;ø g; n;k' 4tk[ kd rDf;ø jln Syfl zs s w X a , wa s s s w b ]g k;ki kg Cgu kji l rDf;ø lb n;k' ei g; df g krpkl henkv jGf , s w s zs , s 4g hrxy Fkg kr , pV ]g krxy Fkg [n ],g hrxy Fkg kryGof 4g hrkt hyp hrkg hLc hurm , q , s \ hjn ]hd ujd I‘u hjn g hryp kI‘p g; hurtf 4s;kt kg I‘u hjn ];kt w s w , s s w s kg I‘u kylkG kd ei dfkr y jd r{fjl l Gjr cl jkv ]Iduf jkv ]I s zs wa q s , , duf Syflb ];kt kg u kL\c kylkG kje Cgd df g krkg rhH;H ei udfy s s s , s zs s 4g jhtt r;dfyke 4g kusy /kc e hØe kd unx hd hldf r;df , a , a X q s Z yke 4g kr_' r;dfyke ]g klgV r;dfyke ]g Cgu klgV ei dfk;D 6g hrk , q , , zs X , t hyp hrPc hjn hurm ]g krkt kyp krkg kLc kylkG kurm ]g hrkg '' \ w , s \ , s fkd hd r;dfyke hurtf 4krkg Cgu dyfke hHd ei df Cgu kri güm jkv s s zs X , 4g rgkp kujd r;dfyke ]g rgkp kujd lti T s T s s kd jln7dS hei kr 4s;kt kg u u≈yl e ei d jkv hldf ]s;kt kyp u j s s w zs s s a X zs s , i Zxke jln Cgd ]s;kt u Ig Cgd ];kt kg u jn Cgd hei df g rgkp kuy s w s s w zs T s s kuc hji ykohn 4g rgkp kusy ld hji hØe 4g rgkp kukt kg dyfke d w T s w q T s s s s w jln7dS hei Syflb 4s;kt gj ed krdS kr ;kt gj ed u'ti ];kt gj zs s s s s ed r;dfyke df kg u klS Cgd 2g rgkp kukt kg dyfke ji eg sdlm s s T s s s w ]g rgkp kujd 9lti8 eg lm ]g rjd ei eg ltf ]e Lkn hd krdS lb T s s s T s zs s X ,\ 4g kr , kv Cgu <je¬ kdlb ]kF krdl kt ktk[ Cgu ji yr d jhj' ei 4kF ry s s zs x hg Zxke udfsy 2g kgj jd /k∂ ji jln Syflb ]g k;x kg yGlv <jkd , s s w wa s d jln df g kgj pskl hg; ds;®i 2g h;x kg yGlv <jkd d jln df g s s w , z , s s s w T gj pkl o jkv 4g h;x kg yGlv ]g h;x kg yGof go ]hF hd ukg dS k s s s , , s , s s s s t k{kdkv go dfk;D ]g Sg jH l /k∂ jiM d jln7dS hei e rxt sjkl a X T q s s s s s w zs X 2g rLi h;k[nf 0∂ ji jln7dS hu®i7rfi 4g srL T s \ q s w T i h;k[nf 0q∂ ji jln7dS hei e jH k;ufn Syflb 2krkv Cgu yk;[ g; \ s w zs X q ]hd ei hF ryx hg k'nf udfsy ]g krkg kni ji hei /k∂ kdlm 4hgj ki zs , s , zs s s kg Cgu /çyim krdS Syflb ]g kgj jd Cgu ei n;k' go ]hF hd k{kd , zs a kv hd ei ulm lltf ]g kL[ kt Gjr hjln hei3kjln udfy 2krL\i h; zs s s , \ s w zs w s k[nf Cgu lm g; ]g h>elku kutk[ krdS ji yr d jhj' 4g h;x gj hj s , s s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 78 egaP

4F xky yko utk[ ji yr d jhj' kd s s s s s s s ei e hryx ltf ]g e hryx hlm xky yko ukt djd Ohi Gjr hd ezsi zs X T X s s s s 4kd u'I¬G g u'DSjf g; ]g ek<jfi hg ≠s , , kd kryGof g; 4g hrkg kni k'nf g; dS 2kn jd nc hg tk[ hd ezsi 2kv , s , s a s s kt kg rfi d uoht uhlknm 2kn ugc re jgkc kd ei 2ky jd nc jrhH s z s s s s zs s a s uiv 2kxsuc rDflkv ]kxuc gke ]kxuc u/c kr jgkc l uiv 2kn ukt re s s s a s s s s s jgkc l suiv ]ky jd nc ]ky Lkdlf kd ei uiv3g Sk{'f hd eiv kr s s a s s\ s zs s T a zs s 2g k;x k , s g yGlv ei df g rsy Fv kdlb xky Nd udfy 4g Bg yGlv k'nf ry zs T s Z s q s , q x ]kvg Cgu yGlv ei 4g kvg yGlv Syflb ]kF k;x e k'nf ryx ezsi q zs , q X 4g hryx hjln g; , w 2kn Ikd Lt cl hd ei l uoht ]ky jH l hlknm kd uoht 2kvkt kg u s X \ zs s s s s s s hlknm ]kd okH d ei kLkN 2g ryx hg jkpof kd ei ]g ryx hg rkc hd s s zs s s\ , zs , ei g; ]g ryx hg ei g; df g rxy ugd g; d{'f Nd kr ]g hrL\i zs , zs T s s q s , h;k[nf kryGof jkv krpV Gjr cl ]hrkg Cgu /çyim krdS g; dr ct , s 4hrdl s kg Cgu /çyim krdS Bkd ji yr d Fkni 4g kuokHlv ]Syf d uoht ]r s s Z , a s fkt7;‘ue go ]g Cgu kryGlv hdikv jkv hje go 4g hIyfcfhlkiéb go 4 q , , s , g Cgu oHl ei Bkd ji yr d Fkni ]g krgkp kugd g; likv rkc hygi , a zs s s Z wa s 4g k;df W' l Hjki ryx hg ydycf kd ei , q s a z q s zs s ueg dfk;D 6g hrkt II go ]rjd k_k; eg ji ltf ]hF Sgfkp huuc kdku X , w s , s kt 4g hrkt II kdku hd henkv jdkt jkudf d ei 4Cgu hg g ei udfy , w , s s zs , zs s 4g Cgu oHl k;‘B kgo ]g ei kgt 4g Cgu oHl ei kgo ]g k;‘B kgt , a Z a , zs a , a zs a , Z a 4g Cgu krku Bkd l k;‘B ]kd ei 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd jgi hldf kd ezsi , s s Z zs s s s 4g rn jd k;®g hd ei jdyef jkl d jkl s; jkv 4h;x kg W' hjknjgi T s s zs s s s , s q s ]h;x kg W' krpV ]h;x kg Wq' Igkjc? ]k;x kg W' ;H ]h;x kg W' k;‘B s q s s q s q Z 4;kt kg u dyfke jkv Bkd Cgd df g jL kgo ]9kje8 ]9e8 ]kgd ue kgt s s , s , a s T s T a 4g r;dfyke kgt ]g hrkg kni kgo k;‘B 4g krkt Pp tkj ji krpf hd T a , s , a Z , \ s Z k;‘B ei hg lsS ]kg k;nf [j ji krpf sueg hg srkg kni kd pπc hldf slt zs s s s , s s , 2g hrkt kg W' hjkol j , s q i krpf df krki kg Cgu hH eüt 2g krkt kg W' kuyt df g krki Cgu hH s , s q , eüt go 4Cgu Z;pækv kr ]kg krkt kygéd ei phc d xkv hd k;‘B jkv s s q zs s Z , g rkt kg L[ Lxkc rgc ]Ikd rgc d k;‘B lkilkv d yG d ei Syflb T s s s \ q\ q s a q s Z s w s zs 4g hlyst kgo ]g u'ti kgt 4g k;‘B kgo ]g r;dfyke kgt , a , s a , Z a , a 4kxkg eüt kd k;‘B lkilkv dlm Aro s Z s kHo¬ ]g hryp kI‘p hd r;dfyke jkv u'ti kt g; ]kgd likv ue klt , s , s s s s T ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 88 egaP

s d jxkl uhgIr ]hd un Lkr kd kvkehl ]hd un Lkr kd kjkudf ]kuekd s s s\ s X s s s\ s X Bkd hd sukt kg rD;l Fkl d Ikjof ]hd ukt kg dS ]k'kv Bkd hd uyef s s q a s s s s `kF krkt Syf pC[ s ukd 4Gjr hd –el hnu hF hgj kt hyp hxkH 4g hrjd k_k; Gjr hd –qe , q T l k;nfu hHl df lt ]hF hgj jd k_k; Gjr hd –el hnu dS ]g kuql uTe a s , q , s 2g kry dkj kd u , s s s s iv l ukt kg dS Fkl dcl 6l ukt Ief ]l ukt gc ]l uy?if ]g krkt s s s s s s s s s s , dQ 6g krkt jgO jduke xyv kd uiv 4g krkt Lt Fkl d –{ hjkdagv , s s , q\ s q 4Cgu ;®e kgo ]Cgu rv kgo ]Cgu kehl kgt dfk;D 4g r1ev q 1 a a a a X , kgo ]g ruv go ]g Cgu kehl kgt 4g q;®e kgo ]g rv akgo ]g kehl kgt a , a , a , 1 a , a , a 4g krn kuc kIkN rgc ]g krn Lkdlf ]g krn jd –{ jkdagv , s s q , s s\ , s q 4h;x skg –{ rgc ]h;x kg hIkN rgc ]h;x Ldlf g; 4hrdl kg Cgu /çyim kd n q q s s q q\ s s ukv hH g; ]h;x kg nc e uiv kt nc g; 2g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd uyef a s a X s s wa , s s k; g oHlv kuyef l jxkl df k;yf jd jkdho¬ u nc 4g e 9e8 df k;y , a s s wa wa T T f uke sue 4g k;x kg rpæVuf l kRl huiv Te 4kxgj hg xyv e 4g e 9Te8 T wa s s wa T wa T 4hn jd nc hutk[ krdS ue df g ;Z<uf kd rkc lb jkdgv 4Mkt kg a s s T , a a s dS Fkl d I‘fel ]y tk[ krdS Fkl dcl e df g tk[ hd rkc lb ezsi s wa s s T , s 4kgd ue klt g rfÎh s T , , o¬ hd rkc lb jkdgv 2g hlk;ül jkv /kl Sg jH l jkdgv Gjr hjlwn ] a T a , q q s s a g hei yGof Gjr dS 4g rkt kg nc ]g rkt kg nd e kxB uiv ]e jkd T zs T s s a T s s , X s s X a gv suiv ]e 9e8 uiv Glf jdII o ]g rn jd nc k_k; hd ei kt udfy X T s Z w s T s s a zs s s 4g krLkt llm ]g uoht k , s\ s , s t ]g rxt kt ]g ;üuv kt ei 4g r[j <jp ji k_k; hd ruv jkv g sr , s , s zs T s a , T yduf jgkc uiv eg lltf ]g jk} kydv ezsi 4g krkt y jgkc d ;o¬ ezsi s s , s , s s a 4kgj u Zxke Bkd ]kgj u ;kim Bkd kd s s s s\ uLkr jkv ukyx kd jkdgv lki dum 4Cgu hH Nd jkv g rdl kg hjkdg , s s a s q , T s s a v Glf ]g rdl kg I¬bkxB Glf o ]xy jd kd uiv rpfo l ei xky kt Z T s s s Z s s X s s a s zs s s 4g krkt gc jkv g kry?if jkv g kryx jkdgv eltf ]g u , , , , , a X , ;klj kydv ezsi 4g krkIef jkv g krLkr kd jkdgv kt ]g o®r kydv ezsi s , , , s\ s a s , s 4krkt gj Cgu "' hH Nd jkv ]g hrkt gj "' kuokHl hd jkdgv G s q , , s a a Z lf lki dlm kr ]kxsn LkN kuokHl hd ei ct rDf;ø df kgj u kri kd r s s s\ a zs kc lb güm udfsy 4;kt kg nc e uiv rDf;ø dfkr 6kgd iki kd ei ]k;kr X s s a X s s zs c u/c kd ezsi ]kgd kjc kd ei ]hd knuV hd ei ukgütf ]kvg eüt kd kd a s q s zs zs s X q X {'f uhlknm l ei kr 4g ryx hg tk[ hd ei df kLi h;k[nf 2kLi h;k[ s zs s , s zs \ \ nf Cgu g; ]g ryx k'nf udfy 4hF Cgu ryx tk[ hd ei ]hF ryx k'nf , s s zs
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 98 egaP

4kg htkj kd uIef kt ]g krdl kg hgo dS s s s s , s 4kg htkj kd uIef kt ]g k s s s s , rdl kg hgo dS jkv 4g k{kdkv hd sukt kg dS ]kgd ue ]ei ]gj <je¬ s , , a s s T zs s 4g krpc kt sl ei , s zs ]xkg rLfhi ]sxkg h[n3xkg I‘u ]sxIef ]sxII 2l kRl hg hd ;o¬ `g gj L s X \ X q s X X X w s a T s y eg lldf 2l iW Ikjof hg d ;o¬ `g gj Ly eg lldf 2l kLt hd ; \ s s s a T s \ s s X \ a o¬ `g gj L\y eg lldf dfk;D 4g krkg I‘u hg kurm ]g krII hg kurm ] T s s X , s , w g krL\y kurtf 2krkg Cgu htkj kd uIef udfy ]g krII ]g krLy 4krkg C , s s s s , w , \ s gu htkj kd uIef udfy ]g krkt II jd Ly7Ly jkdgv kd henkv udfy s s s , w \ \ a s 4hxkg hy jd k_k; e k'nf h;u ulm ]j s X s iM hxkg h;x Om ]hxkg h;x uc ynkc ]hxkg h;x jd jki 4jiM d kvkog s s s s X hxkg h;x kg jkol go 4Crkg Cgu >elku hlt k;efnkv k;nfu dfk;D ]hxskg s s s , X a X hy ul jWt 4Cgu k; hul rkc hd rj hd jxkl lm u hnu lm ]Cgu kri q q s s 2kg hrdl gj hH huc kr ]hxkvkt Ief jx s s s v jkv 4hxkvkt Ief kr hxkgkp kugj huc jxv df kgd u rj hd jxkl kr , s s s s s s 4g hrgkp kugj wa huc e 4g hrgkp Cgu kuIef e `hxMkt Ief e ]hxy ugd hnu go udfy T wa T a T s s 4 C;x jki kd yF¬Qe ]C;x Om ji k/d d kvkog ]C;x kg ikH ]k;nf k[ kd s X a s X s s s s uiv ukgütf ]g h;ki Om k;nfu hg so yod 4C;x k[ o ]ujd jki skd yF s X T a s s s s ¬Qe lb g h;kv k;nfu rgc 4g krkg jki jdOm jiM d yF¬Qe 4krkg Cgu T a q , s s s jki hHd Bkd jdLy l yF¬Qe 4g krkt kg jki yF¬Qe jGf jkv Tg hry s \ s , s , s kOm ji k/d suiv güm Skog ]g hrkIef kd uiv o hg lt 4g hrn kIef X a X a T s s s s , T s s s kd uiv kt 4g hrkt kg dS Fkl d kvkog jkv g hrn k[ kd uiv kt ]g s T s s X , T s s s s s T hrkt kg dS Fkl d kvkog kt ]g hrdl jd jki k;nfu hg o yod kd y s s X s T a s s s F¬Qe 4k[j <je¬ rkc dS kr kul hjkeg jxv ]kgd u rj hd yF¬Qe lm s s s q s s 4hxy sukj jkv h;kjc? hnu cr j,kv 4hruc Cgu gkj 2,g hrkt s , hyp hrhi lm rj ]g hrkt hyp hrk[ e yF¬Qe hnu 4k;ki uc Cgu xke s s , s X Z ]xy urhc kykl ];x rhc kuhge udfsy 4hxsy kuc xke hH e yF¬Qe lb g s s X s X Z X o 4F ;kuc Zxke ulm ]F Lkr Ik? sulm ]F Lkr Lkgi ulm 2hxn Lkr 2hx s s s s s s\ s s s\ \ s s s\ y ujd Z"?l3l htr hxy suLkn hnu 4hxy suk[ elm hnu 4yF¬Qe kF kLc s a s s ,\ s X \ 4yF¬Qe k;x kv e phc udfsy 4hF hgj xkH hH hnu go hlo ]kd ukg dS X , s s s Fkl d jxkl d rauv ]g hgj xkH ]g hgj xkH kurp hd ;‘ue d;®i slt s s , , s q s z , 4ei Bkd3hF hgj xkH hH hnu go 4g h zs s T gj xkH k;nfu 4hF hgj kt y s;kxH kd hnu lk;î Bkd3hd ukt kg dS Fkl a s s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 09 egaP

4g kuI? hyko suI? ji yr d kurp ]Cgu ji yr d jhj' ezsi , s s s 4pc l k'nf d;élv hd 9e8 jkv ]tk[ k'nf d;él hd ezsi ]tk[ X s T , X s X s k'nf d;él hd 9e8 eg df g krdl kg g; kjlhr `g krdl kg k;D kjlhr T , s , s 4g ;®lv dfk;D ]g krkg yGlv 9Te8 , X T s 4g rtk[ ji yr d jhj' eg dfk;D ]g krkg yGlv ezsi T s s s X , s 4kd ei dS ]kd 9e8 dS3g Cgu Zxke kjlhr Bkd rDjfrfv d kxke zs T , s s ˜ s X kn e rxt d ;‘ue 4g k'nf hd jkdgv dS jkv g k'nf hd ei dS3g S s q , a , , zs , a k'nf hg kn jkv 4g krkt kg yGlv hH ei jkv g krkt kg yGlv hH 9Te8 s , , s zs , , s 4g krdl yef Cgu hH Nd lm ]g ;®l , q s , v kt 4g ;®lv 9e8 ]g Ow> ydycf 9e8 dfk;D ]g krdl yef Cgu hH Nd s , T , q T X , q kd 9e8 udfy 2Sgfkp [l kd 9e8 hlb3 Sgfkp ke®keji kd 9e8 ]Sgfkp s T s q s T s T {ke kd 9e8 2g rkt yp rjd rcte kd 9e8 hlb3eg kd 9e8 hlb udfy s s T T s s s w s T s T s 4g ;®lv okH kd 9e8 kurtf ]g ;®lv hg kurm hH eku , T , 4g eku ;x ;nf Syf d ujkdi kd Xkjlwn eku T s s s s q s jkv 4g eku k;x k;nf Syf d sujkdi kd n[ ]Syf d n[ 9e8 4g krkyc , , s q s q s q T wa q jdgd 9e8 kd suiv e `Mkyc kd uiv jdgd k;D n[ e ]g rkyc jdy T s T a q s s q T T s q s eku xky jln 4Cgu o®r¬fv Bkd ]Cgu kRl Bkd hd eku udfy ]g hIyfIf s s w s s s , q , ; ]g krxfk;im hd eku 4dl kyqc ]dl jkdi lm xky jln dfkr ]g srn sn s X X q s s s w T s eku eg nkc d eüt udfy 4krkg Cgu kni jdy kd eku hldf henkv Bkd s s s , s s s `k;D 4g O> eku jkeg lt ]kO> X T s w s s , w hg kurm 4kO> ydycf 4g jkd‘ofkv kd ;‘que 9e8 4g nktB hd ;‘ue 9Te8 w q , T , q 4g Cgu 9e8 udfy 4g o®r¬fv , T s , ]g kRl kgo ],g lIltDfS kgo 4g Cgu 9e8 Bkd kgo 4krkt k;ki Cgu 9e8 B , a X a , T s a T kd jGf kgo ][sn jdkg rk' hHd ][n jdkg ip hHd 4[n jdkg uke hHd s a X s a X s s q X s s , 4g Cgu 9e8 Bkd kgo df g krki kr g krkg uke henkv jkv g sr , T s a , s , s , , T kt IwN nç' cl ct 4d nç' ;kolf ]jrhH g Cgu hg thp Bkd hlt 9e8 4 s , s , T g rfkH kr jkdgv ]g k'nf hd [n kr jkdgv 4g Cgu xke Bkd kr jkdagv , az s a , q s a , Z s s 4g krgkp kugd rkc likv hd xke jlhr hlm wa s Z s `g Cgu xke kjlhr , Z Bkd k;D 4g rjd ;<uf kd sukg xyv ji yr d jkdgv dfk;D ]g rkt s T s Z s s a X T s skg yGlv hlk;ül 4htk[ krdS ji yr d jhj' dfk;D ]s;x kg yGlv hezsi a s s X s 4g krkt kg u≈yl e k_k; hd ujd rcte kd 9e8 uiv 2 , s a X s w s T s g krkt kg dl®m kd ukuc kydf ]kd ukOm ykohn lkilkv uiv r“l knk; , s q s s s s s † ]kd ujd I‘i ]kd ujd rcte ]kd sukuc kd uiv go cr 4g k'nf hd j s s q s s w s s s , kdgv go 4g hrkt y[ k'nf hjln Syf dlm ]krkg Cgu htkj kd suIef kt a , q w s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 19 egaP

i je cv 4k;x yt k;hn kd ei jrhH je 4g krdl jd hg ei e 4 krL\i s s zs s s wa zs T Cgu dG Bkd llb ][j jlf ji kji r ]n hykx wr ]dF r 4g krdl jd Z s s s X , w s s w w wa Cgu Nd jkv g krdl jd hg ei e df g krjd Syflb ei e 2r g yxki q , wa zs T wa zs T w , 2kx; s kt kg nc ei l udF kt ]kF krjd ei lb e Syflb ]kF krdF Cgu jiM s a zs s s w s zs s T w je g; df g krpkl g; n;k' skr 2kxyef Cgu ei cv kr k;nf dF ue s s , s s zs s w s T yd jkv kyef ei kdikv >e dr yd df g krgd g; 2g krgd rkc hd , zs s q , , X uiyxki hld henkv g; ]naukv kg rul ]kgd ukgüm jkv xy ulg c[ 0c , s s q s X , s s a w q 4kxdl yef Cgu >qe ei go n;k' cv ]jiM di s s zs s kv g k;kv dF tkv ]>e kyef ei kdikv dr tkv ]kvg yk;“ g; e ue wa w s q zs q X 4kdl Cgu kl jH rkj 4g k;kv uxke ke{ ]Cgu jkv Nd ]kykc henkv go s wa s a , q s `g kugd jkv Nd ]g krNwi , , q wa 4kF kgd jd dF yd 4g k;nf gd jd[j ji kji jlf Syflb ]F ZFelv w , X , s Xe ugd nç' 4kg rgkp kugd Nd n;k' 4g krgd hgo hH tkv ]kgd u 0c s s s q wa s q 2F rgd hg; ikv hH yd ]kxy ugd henkv go s s s `g kugd Nd jkv ]kgd u 0qc ]k;kOm , q , s jlf 4k;nf [j jlf ulm e k<jp d 0c 4g k;kv uxake ke{ gcl unf jl s X X s q , s q s w , n 4g kdl Cgu kl jH rkj ]g k;krNi 4g k;x Iky ]g k;x Om henkv go s , , , , `g kugd Nd jkv ]g krNi e cv 4g kgd Nd ulm ]g k;x > , q , wa w T , q s wa el e 4g hgd rkc Bkd jddF sulm Syflb ]xkg rkg eyke Felv e u T , s w s X s s w Z X s gd nç' df g k;x kg hjkH kurb /k∂ n;k' ]g kgj >el e8 ]kgd u 0c , s s wa T s q 92g kugd jkv Nd , , q ]g rNi ikv jkv g kgj dF henkv g; `g rgd k;D ikv8 ]kgd ulm j T s w , , w T s s , kv 4g k;x kg ukjg jkv go ]g kugd jkv Nd df g rgd o df jduql r , s , , , , q T s s kc g; hd 0c j,kv 4g k;x jH l /k∂ go 4g kOc lki d 0c nukv {Hf q , s s , , s q a q `g kugd jkv Nd ]_ef ]kgd sll , , q m jkv k;yf Nki dF go l jnkp uiv su 0qc 2g k;nf dF jiM d ge d , X w s s , w s qa s 0c ulm df g k;x jH l /k∂ urb jGf jkv g hn k;yfkx rgc kd 0c q s , s s s , T a q s q s ulm 4g e /k∂ rgc go 4g k;x kv henkv dS jkv g Oc gcl dS 0c , X s q , , T s , q q 4g Lbke Gkv II¬ ]g k'n dS hd Rpf ]Cgu /cl dS ei , a s , a a zs cr 4g krkt kg oIDftçl ]krkt gj Cgu oIDftçkv ei kr g kukuc kurp ] , s s s zs s , s g kukuc lsul'kd hd ei jxv ]g hukuc kuI? de®fkv jxv kd ei udfy , a zs , s zs s 4g krkv e 'i¬ kt ]g krLi h;k[nf kt , X Z s , \ s ]g krkg jhj' _ki dfk;D ]g krkv Iky liko ei l kgo 4g rjd ''fkd , s X , , zs s a T s s hd ukgc kd ei eg Gjr hdlm ]kd ei g krkg _ki Bkd 4g krkt kg o s s zs zs , s s , s IDftçkv ei kr ]g rjd ''fkd hd sukI? eg kd ei ct ji yr d jhj' s zs s T s s s zs s
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044 fo 29 egaP

c kyke jdLkr kd yG kt ]Syf dldf 4kxyduf l gkj Bkd df kg u hH s\ s w s s s s s s kri n;k' kd yG `Syf dum ]g ryduf kt l gkj `g hrjxf Syf sdldf s w s T s s s , 4g hrjxf /xl sl yG , a q w lt ]/xl dS ]L;IIfS xoVy dS ]k'n7okH hd ei uoht kje 4e rykg s , a q w zs s X jg rOm ]rxkt ]rkl I? lhckp3ei kje klß ];kt ]s;kv lkoæ 4uc lkoæ s s s s s a , zs s s s hje ]okHo¬ kje ei g; 4g kukg <iei eikv uiv kje ]Cgu jdLt sl hl s s zs T s Z w zs X s s q\ df ]Cgu jd/c l hldf 4g kukg Z<iei kje sI? lhckp ]r/fclv ]<jkdv a s , s w zs s a , a a kukg <wiei kje 4g kukg <iei kje 6Cgu ei lldf ]Cgu e k"kH hd /cal s Z zs s , s Z w zs s zs s X a 4g krdl kg Cgu eüt kd ei e uoht dlm dr cr ]g krpkl kd e , s zs X s , s s i Bkd e k"kH hd /acl dr ct ]ei l ugc g krpkl BkH ]ei l rfi g zs s X a zs s , s zs s , hrpkl hu®i ]ei l _ef g krpkl _ef ]ei l Ic df g hrpkl ke dr ct s zs s , s zs s s s , s a 4g rfkH hg k"kHjfi hd e , az i go 4g ryx hg rkc go 4xdl kg Cgu /çyim kd ei hylv ikv dr c zs , s X s s zs r ]i'fu'syjf dS ]xgj r>el /cl dS kd ei ikv dr ct ]rkc hygi s X s a a s zs 4g hjWt huy >el rkc ;h<je¬ Nd e k'nf hd ukxt skd ei lb T s X q X s zs jkv ]huy >el rkc hLkF e /cl d ei lb 4g krku likv ]Cgu krku B , s s\ X a a s zs , s kd l hldf kdlm ]g k'n hd Rpf d ;o¬ ei go 4g Cgu /cl ei go u s s , s a zs , a a zs dfsy ]g kruc xke kd ukt y dr qHi go ]g kgj jd rkc e hd ei ltf , Z s s z wa T zs 4g kO> ei go 4g kruc jk} kdcl ub ]k<? ]/k∂ ]klgV ]"?al ] , w zs , 1 s Z }} ]gyd go ]g rukt eg kd ei ltf 4g kruc jk} kd ukt y dr kuk[ a T s s zs , s s X yxki go ]g rukt eg kd ezsi ltf 4g kruc jk} kd ukt y dr du Gl T s s , s s Z Z f go ]g rukt eg kd ezsi ltf udfsy 4g jk} kd ukt y dr ke®keji ezsi T s s , s s 4kxgj kryt k;hn kd ei e rkdS jGf kr kg u Bkd ]nkp s zs X a s s s a s s kr kg nkp ]jxkl kr kg jxkl ]{o kr kg {o ]henkv kr kg henkv 4kxL a s s 1 s s 1 s s s i ji lm 'kdi kd s;hn d ei kr kg hH Bkd 4g ei cr ]g Cgu llm7sll \ z s zs s s s , zs , s b ei cr ]g <jkdv ei cr 4ei <jkd ldf df g Cgu ykol g; cr ]e zs , zs zs , i lldf df g Cgu ykol g; cr 4g krkv e Fkg kdDlf hylv kd ei cr zs s , , X zs 4g hrI? kuI? hd ei e uoht cr ]cr ]g kruc okHo¬ , zs X , ei kje d¥fc ]g Cgu /cl dS ei l hldf ct3Lbke Gkv II¬ ]Cgu i' zs s , a a zs s a s fu'yjf3g kruc k;hn dS kvg kyt jrhH d ;o¬ ]jrhH d uoht ct ezsi s , q s a s 4kxs;kt kg yGlv kt ]g s s T s gj tk[ ei ji yr d jhj' ikv ]dr cr ]g /cl l hldf dr ct ezsi s zs s , a a s 4g k;x kg okHo¬ kje g; ]kgj , s s u /cl Bkd g; cv 4kgj u /acl Bkd l hldf kdlb cv 4kxgj kryt k;h a a s a s s s n kd ei e rkdS kr yduf u Bkd 4kxsLi ei ji lm ]yduf hH kt sl lk zs X a s s s \ zs s s
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044 fo 39 egaP

4g kvg hg lo kr g kvg eüt kd ezsi , q s , s , q hH ct 4g krdl kg `hH kr kg u hH Bkd jgkc 2l jrhH `g krdl kg , s s s s s , s eüt kd ei sl jrhH dikv k;D df g g; rkc hjln go 4g rkc hjln jGf zs s , w , w 4kx;kt y Cgu hH Cgd d krpV jkv d kryGlv s s s , s ;kolf go 4Xy >el kd krF;ø hdlm ]g kr>el ei kd /cl kt ]g ei k s Z , zs s a a s , zs O> kt go ]g 9oy l¥kG8 kt ]g rkc hygi kr 4g krdl kt k[n xP dhO w s , s , s , s a jGf kr ]s;kt Li h;k[nf ryx xP ryx Bkd ct 4g ryx xP kd u[n kd s \ a s , a s s s ei go ]g ryx k"kHjfi go 4;kt yH kd okH d ei e /cl ]rkc hygi zs , X w s s zs X a a 4g krdl kt kp , gi dr jnfe dlm hg kr ]g hrdl kt hd k_k; ji xke d ;®l ]ji xke qa a s s , Z s Z d Hi hg kr uc k'n Rpf hdlm ei df g ku[j <je¬ kd d/kl 4kxkg Cg s q z s s zs , s s u /cl dS ei udfy ]kxkg Z<iei rgc uoht cr 4g hrkt kg jkv hg rk a a zs s s w zs q , s , c go 4g hrkt kg jkv rkc go ]g Bg Idi tgl ]l;ufIuki¬ l jrhH kt , s , , q z s Œ s s 4g hrkt uc kLhi jkv [n go ]g h;x hpC[ hr¬njct thp hH kt 4g krkt , \ , q , s , uc gyd ei go Syflb ]g gj ht ji ei s;x pC[ l jgkc cl eg hHv zs T s zs s s 4Cgu k;x kpC[ l jgkc ]kxskg s okHjrv go 4kxgc jkv kxs;kv l jrhH ]Cgu kxgc jkv kxpC[ Bkd sl j a s , s s , s s gkc 4kxgc jkv hx;kv l jrhH ]hxkg jrhH hIyfkoD 4<jkd uiv ]Cgu <jk s , s s s s d d rfi udfy 6kxgc ]kxyp ei kd hu®i hH cr 4<jkd d ei uiv d s s s s zs s zs s s ke ]Cgu <jkd d Ic udfy 4kxjxf ei ji Ic hH cr 4hxkg ke ake ]kxkg a s s s s s zs s s s a s krif krif ]kxkg rfi rfi ]hxkg hu®i hu®i hH cr 4xkg srkv l jgx 4xkg s s s X s s s X rkv l jiM d k/cl <ki dlm 4kxkg Cgu refhl ji k/cl udfy ]kxuc s s s X a a z s s X a a s s /cl I? lhckp ei kl,o 4kxsuc Cgu /cl cr ei df g Cgu Fv g; kdlb a a s a , zs a a zs , Z 4l ruv ]lcl ]sl r¬el s a s g krn Lkt ei kr ]g krkt uc Zxke kd ukt y dr Hi ei kr ]g krkt u , s s\ zs s , s s q z zs s , c kuFki ei kr ]gjr hd hu'kj hd ;hn ]gjr hd /xl hd yG gj krljc Z z zs s s s a q w s go ]e LhH ]e sydv 6rxkt ]rkl ]rOc ]rOm3uc okHo¬ kdikv hH ezsi X \ X s s s s s , s s 4g hrljc jkv hrjxf ]l okHo¬ uiv ]l nukv ui , , s s s a s v ]Syf suiv hu'kj hd ;hn udfy 6g rkc hjln g; ]xkg rkt Li h;k[nf s s s , w s X s \ `Syflb X;kt Li h;k[nf ∏x d r¬kj kd hldf `Sy \ s s s s flb s;kt dIH u ji r¬kj j/v Bkd `Syf sdldf ]g hrljc hu'kj sl ;hn s s s a s , s s 4g hrkt j[cf /axl 4g nukv kdlm g; ]g kry[f yG 4g hrjx , q , a , w , f l suy[f uiv d yG 4g hrjxf l nukv uiv d yG 4Cgu Syf sd hldf s s s w , s a s s w `g hrjxf Syf dldf /xql , s a hd yG3Syf dldf `Syf dum ]sxn kP\p e k<jp d ukoxH jkv xy ku w s s X X X s , s X
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044 fo 49 egaP

S kygi 4kjln e rxt jrb ;‘ue 4kg gj [n kd hei uiv lt ]slß kr w X q X s s s zs s s , s X[n hH kd Lkgi dS 4kg gj jd ei kd hldf lt ]lß kr X;kOm e Fkg hH s s \ X s zs s s , s s X kd jF®i dS 4jd xk;i kd ei e rxt jrb ;‘ue ]_l kjln ]rkc hjlwn s X s z zs X q w w 4g kF¬ov dS hd kurp ]g lul'kd Gkv II¬ ]g Lbke Gkv II¬ ezsi , s , s a s , a s 4Cgu /cal B a s kd ]Cgu i'fu'yjf Bkd ei df kx;kt kv yk;[ kdikv kr hxs;kt Ldi / s s zs s s s \ xql hd ei e rkdS jkc dS ct 4Ldi kd /xl hd ei e rkdS ]Xe utuf a zs X a X \ s a q zs X a Z 4g rsn kyG /axl jkv g ry[f yG hH Xe utuf T s , q , T s w Z 4g h;ki kv Cgu rkc e yk;“ Syflb ]e k'nf lm k;d , X X f Cgu hg xk;i hHd 4g Cgu BkuOfd hH kjt 4g krdl skg ]g krkg ]kx;kt s z , , , s s kg 4jrhH suiv ykII ]tk[ ]jd xk;i kd sukg <iei e rkdS ]_wl kygi s X s X s X s z s Z w zs X a `g krdl kg < wa s Z w zs T iei e k;D ]jd tsk[ hLkF e sydv cv 4suikv kxkg k;yf [n rgc jdskg X s\ X s s s q Z <wiei Fkl d kxky `g krdl kg <wiei e k;D df [n jdOc e ydv kr zs s X s wa s Z zs T X s , X s s s 4g e Le yGj;i go ]g e , X w q zs , X kuFki go ]g kgj jd ''fkd ]g kgj kg yGl e ukgc kd ei kt e rkdS Z z , s , s X s s zs s X a 2g Oc e kjnfe sLkt Fkg df krgd kuFki Cgu kdlm 4g T s , X X a s\ Z z s wa krgd kuFki e hg kdlb `g krdl gc l>e ei hH kgo k;D `Cgu IDtçk Z z T s , s q zs a s v Bkd ]Cgu _ki Bkd ]Cgu Bkd kgt ]g hrdl jH kd ukF¬ rDjf lm Skjk s s s a T s a / hd ei l k<ki je hH e hyk[ ]e rkdS ]e ;ü' ]Xe ydv k;D `kg nt zs s X z s s X X a X w s s s w ke _ki7ei lt ]g hrdl kg hlß [kv hH e rkdS ]e ydv k;D3xoVy Xe , zs s , T s X a X a X s s sydv k;D `g krdl kg Z<iei e k;D ]jd tk[ cr ]kg u Bkd ct `g k s wa s w zs T X s s s wa rdl kg <iei e k;D ]jd tk[ jrhH cr3cr kg e ydv ct ]rkc hygi s Z w zs T X s X X s s 4Sgfkp uy [j < s s je¬ e /cl lb _l uhr ]rkc uhr `;kt kg rjfdav jkv ;kt II sl,d th X a a w X s s q , s w c go ]y sy eüt ld go ]jd kni ld lm 4g krkg kni hg klo ]g krkg h s s , X , s , s , s , , , s H ct 4g krkg kni hg klo lc 4g krkg kni gjr hd k'n dS hd Rpf ezsi , s , , , s , 2g krkt Cgu hH uk;÷ Gjr lm ]kF krdl yduf sl , kgt jkv 4g hrk[ rDf' ]g krk[ ;el udfy ]kxyduf Cgu ]g kyduf Cg a , , s , s s s , u l kgo 2g gj jd ''fkd hd uykduf kd uoht l ei yko /cl cl eg s a T s s s s s zs s a a 4kF krdl yduf ysr lutf ]F hH thc lß d s s s f ;x hg yH eg e uykduf yr l rj udfy ]kF krdl Cgu yduf ]kydu s w X s s s s s f Cgu yr kr l rj 4g gj rjd ''fkd hd uykduf yr l rj k'eg eg s s s s T s s s s s s s s 4g iW Bkd ]g kuokHl hd ei Bkd hH jki dlm3dlm k;nf Cgu uk;÷ hH , s , a zs s s s d ueg 4g gj rjd Z"?l jH uoht hg ji ei yko /cl eg 2k;nf Cgu uk s T s s a zs s a a ;÷ ji lm hHd sueg udfsy ]g krdl IG kt ]thc g kiNf go jrhH jkeg , w s , s
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044 fo 59 egaP

4rfi d jtI¬ z s ≠X ]d uktuv ]d rpfjfiv3ei rfi dlm ]jdkv e lc g k;x Oc dikv Bk s s zs z s X , , s s d e lkLi 4ei rfi dum ]g Cgu krku Bkd lutf ]g Cgu /cl Bkd slutf X s \ zs z s , s s , a a s ]xky Sg Oc e lc ]xky Sg Oc e uI ]xky ryp gkj3Cgu kun7kuy Nd s q s , X s q s , X ≠s s s s s q s lutf ]g r/fclv ydycf ikv lutf 6Cgu ji um ]g r/fcl ikv slutf T a a q s T a a 4kr; ‘ue r/faclv kjlhr ]rxt jrb ;‘que kjln ]rkdS kygi3rkc hjlhr jGf q a w a 4g kruc Cgu /cl Bkd kr 4g Cgu , a a s s , jRm ]g k'n hd Rpf dS ei df kd kuokHl lm jrhH dikv kxjd I‘i , zs s a s s ¬ _l kjln g; kr 4g Cgu ykol Bkd kd jRm rIky 4kd jF®i g nko;ü/ w w s , s s , , kr g k;yf jd jkdho¬ u jF®i jkv 4kd jxkl g nko;ü/ kr k;yf jd jk s , s , , s dho¬ u jxkl jkv k;nf n sueg 4g Cgu rjWt hd lki¬jf Bkd ]g Cgu k{si s , s , a s , v hd jRm Bkd 4Cgu xke ]g ukn ei df kx;kt kg I‘i¬ ct _l kjln g; s a , zs s s w w 4Cgu e suy ki nukv kd ei ]g e un n nukv kd ezsi X s a zs , X s s s a 4Cgu kukIky ]g kun ei 4Cgu xke ]g ukn ezsi , , s zs a , 4ei g Cgu Syf d jR zs , s m ]kxyp kri kGn hygi kdikv jkv 4kx;kt hg ei kdikv ]kx;kv u jR s s , s zs s m 4kx;kv jRm ]x[n gkj ikv df g krdl kg Cgu u'IDilDS kgo ]Cgu k s s X s , s s s a {iv kgo 4tH kd ei ji lm ]g hH Nd kt e rfÎi Syflb 4g hrdl skg s a X s s zs , q s X z , Fkl d kjxkl 4g hrdl kg Fkl d kjF®i ]g hrdl kg Fkl d k{o 4,g Cg s X , s s X , s s X 1 u uklkv kujd xk;i endS Fkl d ;‘ue 4g hrdl kg hg jdLkN kd ;‘u s z s q , s s\ s q e kuokHl hygi hd ei jRQuf udfy 4Sgfkp huP\c kuokHl hd ei jRQuf a zs s a zs 4g , hrkv krpV ]g hrkv kLhi ]g krkv [n ]g krkv u'I¬Ì kr g krkv Cgu jR , \ , q , ≠s s , m ct 4Sgfkp kukv jRm ]g krjd k{iv e jGf ]g krjd ei e kd rDf;ø wa s T wa zs T s dS 4g krgj kuc /cl ]krki kg Cgu rDe ei <jkd d k{kdkv hd ckot , a a s q zs s a 4kx;kt IwN ei jkv xjd ei ikv 4g kyko sukv Cgu ckot Bkd l Gjr l s zs , s X zs , s s m 4kxs;kt IN jRQuf ei ]kx;kv Cgu jRm Bkd 4g krjd ei kdikv hH Te w zs s s wa zs s ]kxgd jkv kxn ykL Cgu gkc e syx dikv ]kxn Cgu jRm Bkd jxkl kr s , s X a X s s s s s zs X s s l ei sx[n kd jxkl 4kxs;kv Cgu jRm Bkd kr xSN kd jF®i 4g krkt s s s a q s , kg kL[ /cl ]g hrkt kg hL[ i'fu'syjf df k;kv jRm 4g krkv jRm sl s \ a a , s \ , kgo kr ]g rjd ei ikv hH ct kd ;‘ue dfk;D `k;D e rxt jrb ;‘ue a s T s zs s q X X X q 4kg gj jd 'i¬ kd hei lt lß kr SkOm hH kd hy X s Z s zs s , s s a s kF hd utkH ]aSN hH kd ñld 4;kt k[ [kv ]s;kt kyp kgc ei 4kd hei s q s q X s X a zs s zs s l,t ]lß kr X[n kd jxkl ]kd rj ]kd jF®i 4Xe rxt ;‘ue kjln ]e rkd s s s s s s s q w X a
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 69 egaP

4e jxkl d Hi g krgkp X s q z , kukv Iky liko o®rDf;ø kd ;‘ue dS7dS hg lß 4g krgkp kukv Iky li , q s , , ko ji Ir uiv3k;x Lm e kvkog <d dS kd rj 4g hrgkp kukg jxkl3h s \ X X s , s ;x II l jxkl nc 4g k{kdkv hd uyef lm ]g Lkn hd uyef lm ]g lk; w s wa , a , ,\ , î hd uyef lm 4k;x kg uyef l ke®keji kgo ]l Ikjof s;x Lt eg kgo s s a s q\ a ]l r¬el dS s;x kg eg kgo ]Cgu jkdgv kgt jkv3g q;®e hd jkdgv ezsi s s a a a , , 1 a 4g q;®e hd jkdgv ezsi , 1 a 4g krkt kg uhyof ]g krkt kg I‘u jkdgv kd rDf , s , s a ;ø hg kurm ];kt kyp krPc kurtf ];kt kyp krPc kurtf ukn tgl g; s \ s \ j,kv ]g krkt kg ukn tgl dS cr ei go 4Cgu hIi>7kuhN Bkd ]Cgu gyd , s zs s Bkd]Cgu "} Bkd ]Cgu k;‘B Bkd ]Cgu xke Bkd ]Cgu k{iv Bkd e ei l s s s Z s a s s s X zs m 4kxs;kt ync e/7<qx kd ei lm ]hIyfkoD hd ei lm udfy ]kxjd ezsi Z zs zs s s kd hu®i rfi ]hxjd ei kd rfi hu®i cr 4kx;kt LkN Cgu kLhi Bkd kr s s zs s s s\ \ s s kx;kt dIH yd kt ]kg hrjd kd hcutv lt lß 4Cgu k{iv Bkd hd jR s s s s s , s s s m ]kg hrjd kd jF®i l,t lß ]kg hrjd kd rkdS lt lß hH kr hxjd e s s s s s s a s , s s s i kd Ic ke 3kd r/fcl go 4kxs;kt ync <x kd ei dlm ]hIyfkoD hd zs s s s a s a a q zs s ei dlm ]k;df ei kd Xk;cfutv ultf ]k;df ei kd rkdS ultf ]k;df zs s zs s s zs s a s ei kd kjF®i ultf dfk;D ]kxs;kt kg dG hjkdrfk∂ hH e ei dlm udfy zs s X s X s Z a X zs s s 4kx;kt s kg /çyim ei rgc kr lm ]sx;ki hg jd ei kr lm kr kg hjk;r hd uhr s zs q s s X zs s s s s , s ; 4kx;kt gc tgl kr go ]xX;ki hg jd ei kr lm `xX;ki jd Cgu ei s s s zs s s s zs s lm ]g r/fcl skt ]g Iduf kt kr ]sx;ki jd ei kd hcutv ]x;ki jd e , a a , s s X zs s s X i kd rkdS ]sx;ki jd ei kd jxkl ]sx;ki jd ei kd kjF®i ikv ct jkv zs s a X zs s X zs s X , 4g _l uhr s; kr 4g kgj gd k'n hd Rpf e ltf ]g T w s wa T s wa kgj gd Lbke Gkv II¬ e ltf ]g kuy jd kni kd ei lm jrhH uiv kd a s T s , s , s zs s s ikv jxv 4g _l kjlhr ]ei rfi d kr;‘que r/fclv ]ei rfi d hcutv , w zs z s a a zs z s 4g Cgu kri Nd ]kx;kt k[ yd e rxt Ikjof kgd , q s s X a go ]g Cgu hH rukt eg lm 4g Cgu Zxke Bkd ]g Cgu ;kim Bkd ]g Cgu T s s , s , s , ufkg7Hky Bkd sNhi7sxkv dlm 4g ei Iiuf ei llm 4g Cgu /cl Bkd hH s s , zs zs s , a a s kd yd yko ukv ]kd yd g Cgu /cl Bkd l hcutv 4g kLt ;‘ofH ]g k s s , a a s s , q\ , Lt rhrv ]g hLq\t ræknnk; Nhi d ei lm ]g hLt k;ufkg7Hky Nhi d ezsi q\ T X s s zs T q\ a s s lm3kdum 4g ei <jkd lb ]kxjd Nd yd go ]g ei <jkd dlm ]kF k , zs s q , zs s ;df Nd yd sulm 4g kjH l k/cl ]g kjH l kvk{iv ei rfi d rpfjfi q , s X a a , s X s zs z s 4g jkv rkc ei rfi d rpfjfi 4g jkv , , zs z s , , hg rkc dS ]ei rfi d hcutv dfk;D 4ei rfi d hcutv ]e _l sjlhr zs z s X zs z s X w
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 79 egaP

l 4g s;nf kyG LkH7urc ]jiîI7uhI 4g s;nf ky,G LFhp nx 4h;x kg hnx g T , s a Z T s \ s a s a xt cl 4kgj krxke [hH jdOc gxt hg dS "o lhpπi df kxy güm jGf a , Z X 4k;nf kodGV jdkOm kd 'ky hdlm u kxky d okx kr hjk[Hf k;x je go s s X s s a s 2 kxkg krkg dG k;D jkv 4g rkg Ikel IkN kjt hjk[Hf ]g rkg hjk[Hf sLc s s Z , T s s z s s T s s \ s s\ LkF Ikel df g hg; n;k' Bkpπl jkv 4g hrkt kv hH kd k;jfk[Hf ]g h z , , , s X , rkt kv hH kd kIkel 4hrjd Cgu ∂Gf Bkd rke 4h;x kv rke jGf 4kF kv s X z s , , g Cgu Ikel udfy ]kF k;x kg hjk[Hf 0lfi e jxu ji nkc "o lhpπi q z s s z X s w Z ]kF hjk[Hf kIkN ygi "o lhpπi kr `kx;kt kg ld Ikel 4g krkt kg hjk s s Z s s s s , z , s [Hf kLc hg kurm ]g hrPc hurtf rnkv hd rxke `g kvg Ikel hHd ky \ , \ s a , q z ko suxke `g kvg Ikel Bkd hHd jdxke kli dS7dS ]jdkyG Fkg udfy a , q z s a , , s 4ji kr¬kj kgj kL[ ;kyG Fkg jH uoht `krjd Cgu X \ s , kuekd hd ukg Ikel kt ]g klß hjk[Hf ukd 4Mkt kg Ikel hH e df hd s s z s , , a s z T kuekd hg; jH uoht 4k;x je jGf ]h;x kv rke jGf 4kgj krxke [hH , a dr k"o lhpπi7lhc jdOc jkudf d dLl dS hjk[Hf dS e huk/tkj dS ˜ , s s \ X 4xXO s , c Syf d uk;÷ d gcl eg jGf 4Wd hji e rkc huiv kuI? hl7hIkN dS s s q a w T s 2g rkt kg I‘u jkv rht hg F;ø T s s , s Z eg udfy 4g krdl kg /çyim lm nukv rauv 4Syf d uki kd ;‘ue g k s , s s a s s s q , nil rauv `g krkt kg k;D df [n jkv jd jki kd k;Pfhl uhr ub jGf 4 a , s X s , X s X \ X Z w zs s jd <iei kd ke®kv jkv kg uhy¥r e lj d uoht ]jH l ;e¬of kd Rpf , X X s X s s 4g _l kjlhr , w g; 4g hrdl I? kuI? g; kr ]g kusy ky[f kd yG d jrhH uiv kd d , s , s w s s s s ;®zi ]xuVikv dS jrhH uiv kd ds;®i ]jk} jrhH uiv skd ds;®i ]kr_ki s s s z s z jrhH uiv kd d;®i g; 4kuI? hxs;kt I? Cgu l ukelkv Bkd g; udfy s s s z s s s 4g hrkt kg jc[ hg hdlm jc[ T s X X hjkl unf lm ]g krkt uc erhi uoht kjkl unf ltf 4Cgu hHd ygi dlm , z s s ]Cgu ygi dlm 4Cgu sygi dlm ]g krkg I‘ofi e jnfe d Hi ;‘ue un s s s , s z X a s q z q f lm ]g krkt uc erhi uoht kjkl unf ltf jkv 4kxs;kt uc Loycf hHl , z , s go ]kx;kt uc erhi hHl go ]_ki7ei hHl go ]xul hH kt ikv cr ]x s z zs s X q s s [n hH kt ikv cr ]sx;qN hH kt ikv cr 4g lkoæ7lkoæ hdikv kt ]g okH X s s X s , s , o¬ kdikv kt ]g kdikv kt ]dl ki eüt ei go jrhH dikv dfkr ]jd x s , s s zs s X s z k;i kdub 4g gd _l uhr sue e k'nf lm3kxkg k;D ]oy Ibkj ]ezsi d;él T s w T X s 4g ZF;ø ;k T im kukn o 4g k;df ;kim kd jkdgv sueg k; ]g k;df ;kim kd ezsi sO> u X s s , a , w s eg kr k; 4g Sg rcfkl ryx ;kim cl so ]g s;df ;kim kt dr cv ueg s T q T s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 89 egaP

4g rdl hH dp sjk' T s w b 4g rdl kt ;df jH jk'b 4g krkg oHuv kt ]g krLi h;k[nf skt ]g T s s s , s q s , \ T Felv e ugd lm nç' 4g Z;ƒekl kuiv ]g kehl huiv hd knç' 4kxkg k> Z X s s , , X s el Cgu hH jdul u hldf ]kxkg k;yf >el hH jdul u hldf 6kxkg kuql q s s q s s Cgu u hldf ]kxkg kul u hldf 6kgd Nd likv ue 4l knç' hd rhprkc s s q s q s s T s X ueg dr unf uhr jkp Pkl l uhr Pkl jgikn 4g hun gd likv jkv rkc s s \ s s \ s , s s , dS ygi d suOc e uk;÷ d gcl 4xO,c Syf d uk;÷ d gcl cl eg cv s s , X s q s X s s q 4Bg hji rkc hd _l jlhr g; 4g kr q w w s , dl kg u jkv ]g u ]kF hHd u kr¬kj Bkd jkv 4g krkt pgi dr ukt[ s , , s , , qa s d ke®keji henkv unf dS hg rnk[7rnk[ kukt[ kd ei jkv g kukt[ r s s s s s zs , , gc kgo ]Xnk[ kgo 4g hgd ue rkc hl7hLkF go ]g krdl kt knk[ sld go q a s a T s T s\ , s , 2krjd Cgu ∂Gf hd unk[ Bkd ]g L[ e s s s T s \ g kgt ]ji uhet huiv udfsy 4g h;x kg hjc hLc k;ufn Syflb 2g gj x a , s q \ q T s ke l k;jfk[Hf hjk[Hf 2g gj xke lum eg 2kn ei eg df ]g gj xke sl a s X T s a s s zs X T s a kjln n[ o ]g Cgu hg n[ lki dutf 2kn ei eg df g kgj xke l _ef7 X w q s , q s s zs X , a s _ef ]g hgj xke l rfi hu®i 2kn ei eg df g gj xke l kjln eg udfy , a s s zs X T s a s X w s ]g jrhH sukt[ L\c d ei 2g gj xke Cgd jkv g hjk[Hf cl eg udfy T s s zs T s a , T s 2g k'eg k , s ukt[ kgo ]wag krgd 4y nk[ Cgo ]g L[ kgt ]knk[ uhet huiv3g krgd a X s T s \ a s s wa hg; hH likv 2Cgu df kul u kxky d okx lm ]Cgu kri `Cgu kr kukt[ s q s X s s a s Bkd kgo Cgd 4knk[ er uhet huiv ]j? uiv kLkn 4kLkN ∂Gf hd xkHv s a s s q s s ,\ s s\ s lm ]kgd l kxky ue 4kF kL[ e LhH lm hH e 4kF k;x e okx lm hH Te s X s s T \ X \ T X a 2kF kxkHv kLc ]xy ugd xky d okx jGf 2hnk[ Cgu uhet huiv hH u \ s s s s a s s lm 4sxkg nk[ Cgu uhet huiv hH so 2F gj ky jdxke7xke l kjln hg n X s s s s a a s X w [ kt ]F hjk[Hf hg n[ kt ]kgj jkli Fkg Gjr hd kxky um go 2kF kv q s s q s s X s g kOc go ji ltf ]hnk[ u uhet go sulm udfy ]kF krdl kg Ikel go q , s s s z 2CF k;G√'v Z<o¬ ]F rkjgkot7jhg ;¥egc eutf ]F Sg Lx Lg Lc kgo a s s w q X s q s \ s a s \ a ]kF kOc ji uhet ltf 2rxke7rxke [hH ]yxki k;x je 2kF yxki kld , s a s a , ]sxy sugd cl 4F Sg L\x ukt[ Lc kgo ]kF kOc gxt ltf hjk[Hf go 4k s q s s s \ a , ;x kg kØdb kgo jxu kjkl 4h;x xy LhH 4k;x gj xn jxu kr hnk[ hÈef s a \ a s s 4hykL nk[ hH hÈef hLkF s s\ ]hn Lk[m 4g krkg jkgo;ø hg; hH Fkl dum ]g srgd hei kdutf 4Cgu kl \ , s s T zs s ß ]kg rjd hg Fkl d k;jfk[Hf 4Fkl d henkv s;x je ]g rjd jkgo;ø c X s s X s T s l hg klß 4n jd Gkl hH hÈef hLkF jdLk[m hH uhet hLkF 4hxkg hn jd X s\ \ s\ s hnax hH uhet e "o lhpπi df k;kv yk;“ kd hldf jGf 4k;nf kodGV c X Z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 99 egaP

4X;kv djd hjk;r hdlm ]xXOc s , s , eg Syf d I? dS go 4;kt kyp kvg krOm go ]kg tke hdltf ct jh/ s s a s q s , s 7jh/ jGf 4kxMkt Om e nkc I? dS 4gj kOc u hr¬njct 4;kt kyp jkv s a T s a s , s , sOm ikpip kr ]s;kt cM e phc ue kd hldf 4I? dS 4;kt kyp jkv sOc q s X s a s , , hg ikpip jGf 4;kt kv kr ]gkp kukv jkv Bkd jGf dfkr ]Cgu knk;† ]sO q s s s , s c lki je Iufef kn udfy 4Cgu dkj lm ];kt kv jdOm rpæfuf kr kg u , s s s s X s s s s s e kd hldf 4s;kt kyp jdOm ikpip jGf jkv ;kt Oc jdkv lki je <{ s q , s , s s skn kr ;kt kg ue kd hldf 4Cgu dkj hH kjt ]ykL u k/kc hH kjt 6n uk s s s s X s X X s t gc kr ;kt Om okH hH Bkd 4y lg kr ;kt kv hlg kd hldf ]y kj kr s s s s a s s a s s s s X ;kt kv lkv kd hldf 4X;kv djd hjk;r hdlm 4xOc eg Syf d I? dS w a s s , s X , s s a 4X;kt yp rOc s s , ikpip 4g Cgu ukd ]g ukd df jd u ∂Gf hd hldf 4g ;x kv ydv ikv q , , , , X T s s s df X>el hg klß 4jd u rkc Bkd hH kg; 4;kv u Sg rjd rkc hH e sr¬ s s a X q s X kj kr ;kv l kgo jGf 4dl kg rfx e k'nf h;u ydycf dS dfkr ];kv j s X s a s s X q X dugi _¬o tkr ];kv kg; ct stc uhr Pkl ]X;kv djd uku¬ df kg kNπv s X a s \ s s 4kujd hjk;r hLkF hdlm kr 4s;ki kv hiîp hLkF d , s\ s q s\ r tc uhr Pkl n;k' kr ]kd ujd rkc kusn LkN yFf'f ikv l tc BkP s s \ s s s s\ s s 4g krkt kyp kryp ]g krkt kyp kryp kdp go dr Iufef lhc7g–i hH , , a kr n LkN jGf ]n kyp eg kd kdp dS 4g krkg eIee kd jkpof dfk;D ] s X s\ X s , s X w X kun jd Wq' kukt kg ikpip kLkF hg l stc BkP 4kujd hjk;r kgo hLkF ik s s q s\ s , a s\ v l tc BkP 4sx;kv kg; stc uhr P\kl kr 4hLkF Syf d uke Sgfkp hjk;,r s s X a s s s\ s , 4Syf d <"kHl uke dS ]xOc e uke jH Ia? s a , s X , X , s Syflb ]sx;kt kg knof ikv jGf ]g unf hj[fkv tkv kg; kd xk;i lb kr X s , a s s z s 4g krLkt uke ]g rLkr nç' , s\ , T s s\ 4g rkg e uke /cl cl d uoht T s s X , a a s 4s;kt kg /cl Bkd ]Li h;kul kdikv Nd e ukg ikpip n;k' 4[n jH s a a s s \ q s q X s s q X s s a I? 4kxOc lki dikv kg; ikpip 4hxkg Cgu rkc Bkd hH l>e 4hxkg rkc wa , s a q s s s q s Bkd Cgu hH e likv 4hxkg Cgu rkc hH dS ]lc 4ku[j hy[ ]kg hu[j h s X s q s y[ 6kuy [j nc ]kg hu[j nc [kv 4kukt dIf ]kg kudIf l {o kd hld q s a s a a s s 1 s f 6kukt Isy ]kg kuIy kd hldf 4g kukt Oc3kg tke hdikv hlt 4g kugj s s s , , s , , , s , a Oc kg; ikpip kI? dS 4hxkg u rkc Bkd l knç' udfy 4yp kri Nd q a s s s X s s q ]sLi h;kul kdikv Nd n;k' kr gj jk;r ikv jxv ]kxWd e rhprkc slß \ q s q s X , a T 4hxkg Cgu rhprkc Bkd 4xOc ikpip lc 4hxskg s s s X , q Cgu rkc Bkd jH I? 4sx;kt Oc jdkv ikpip hH ikv 4kxMkt Oc kg; Te s s a X , q a , a jdkv tc uhr Pkl 4sxOc Syf d <"kHl7uke kLkF ]Syf d 9u'duf;éd s s \ X , s a , s\ s s q Iybkl8 kLkF tkv jgikn 4sxjd rkc jn hLkF d nç' kucf tkv jgikn kr X s\ s X s s\ s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 001 egaP

]g nwtke kt Syflb 4;kv u ];kv gcl g; 4s;kv u ]s;kv unf g; jGf 4skg , , s s s q u ]kg kuyef l k{o ub jGf 4Li u ]L\i h;kul tkokv hd jxkl g; jGf s s X 1 s \ s q 4hxkg dOc s , erfv cv g; kr hd gcl tkv 4X;kt Oc uke 4xyv7xyv X;kt Ig ]g dhO a s q , , , 4;kt Ig ji sylkG LkF Sg s;df rkc kucf ikpip X s s\ q q 4 kg u kvg krN kd hldf Bkd 4;kt kg jn7jn LkF 4kxkg k;nf kuc okH jW s q w s s X s w w s s\ s t ulm ]g hul hurb rkc kt hje hHv 4Oc Syf d uk;÷ d gcl eg cv s , q s s X , s s q 4g kukt kv kg; tc uhr sPkl go , a s \ 4hxkg Cgu rkc Bkd 4kx;kt kyp jdOm jGf ikpip 4g k;kyc ue lm d s s s q , q s T s f kx>el 4kx;kt Oc jdkv lki je kr ]g kukv lki je <{ kn df xy h s s , s s s , s s s s H kd hldf jkv 4kxkg ]kxkg kt 4xX;kt gc ]xgc 4g Cgu kudkj kr x;kt k s , s s s s s X , s s s X v lkv 4kxkg ]kxkg kt I? dS cv 4Cgu hg g e cv df okH kd <iel d w a s s s s a wa T Z S ]g kun LkN ydycf elm ]g gj jd xk;i eg kt jgikn kd I? dS kr , s s\ q X T s s z s s s s a s 4Syf d rfk∂7uoht ]g s a T ek<jfi jgx ]g ek<jfi rqHnv dlm 4kx;kjd Cgu ]kxkg kukjd Cgu 4kx; s T s s s s kjd ]kxkg kukjd kt ]g rn jd <iel e k<jp d qHi 4e k<jp d ke®ke s s T s s Z X X s z X X s ji kji g rn LkN 4g rIy ]g krkg ue kd suIy 4g rOc ]g krkg ue kd w T s s s\ T s s , s s T s , , s s , T s uOc 4g rOm kr ]g krkg ue kd suOm 4g rygf kr g rygf ji7Fkg 4g kr s , s T s s T s , , kg ]g kukg kt ]lDsyjf ydycf ]g rn LkN 2Cgu cklgf Bkd kdum ]g rskg s , s s q T s s s\ s T s X güm oHquv kt nkc d dOc hd ukgrfky d I? dS jkv 4g kry pku kr s s , s s a , , s s ]g krkv kg kd upku kd hldf 4g krsy kj kr ]g krkv kg kd ukj kd hld , s s s , s s , s s s s f jGf 4g rkt Oc ikpip 4g rkt Oc ikpip xky ln jkp7kn e ukgrfky T s , q T s , q s s X 4;kt kv kg; go df g krgkp kuky e kd xk;i lb hH Xe d¥e lb yd s a wa T s s z q Cgu tkv 4ukgrfky g eku kdlm ]g krkg xk;i dS kd uk;÷ e k;'fukLb , , s s z X s s a 4kg ue hH klt kg; jGf 4g kukt Oc ikpip jdkv kg; jGf s , a , , q a 4s;kt l? jrhH u/ hdlm df3e hjk;r hg l tc BkP ikpip ]jdugi L\i q q X , s s q s d stkr ]djd uku¬ ]l kr_ofi hurm 4g Cgu jnfe Bkd kL\c l uke jkv3k s s , a s s , , s g krkt e jnfe Bkd lt stc uhr Pkl ]sxjd hjk;r ikv l tc BkP go kr X a s s , s \ X , s s s 4kxs;kt y[ lum jk} kd ug q s s d dum ]g rkc hjgx jkv kt jGf ]sxxy ukg Fel e u>el kd uke kt s T X , s X s s Z X s s , s skr 4hx;kt hgd hg l uke Glf jGf kr o ]g hrdl kt hgd Cgu l knç' o X s , Z s s T s X s ]g hugd likv >e rkc hjWt jkv kt ]yd Cgu tkv dfk;D 4jd W' ku T s s q X , s X X q >el hH kd uke o ]>el u hg nç' yod o ]g srkv Iduf je xky skt sjh s , s X s s T s s s /7jh/ ]jh/7jh/ df g ''fkd hje udfy 4g rjWt hd hjk;r rgc Syf d s s s , s s s , , q s s u>el kd uke 4hrkg Cgu rjWt hd hjk;r hurm Syf d u>el kd knç' s , s , s s s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 101 egaP

4Bg rîkel dOc hd gcql q , 4g hH jgkc h , go ]g jrhH kt 4kd k<jdf hd tjl [n 4kd k{o [n ]yk[ [kv sjh/7jh/ , s s X w X s s X 1 X s X s a s 4g hH jgkc hgo ]g jrhH skt 4yk[ [kv jh/ , , X s a s 7jh/ 4g hH jgkc hg hl,o ]g jrhH rfk' hlt 4y yk[ [akv l kr¬gfkv rg s , , a , X s s q c jGf 4y lkoæ hjgx jkp7skn jh/7jh/ 4y lkoæ hjgx jkp7kn jh/7jh/ cv X s s X s s s 4g k;x kg rk' ydycf ue , s a q 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4g k;x kg rk' ydycf ue , s a , s a , s a q 4;kt Ief ]kd uiv n LkN 4g ;x Ief i X s s X s\ T s kv 4g k;x gj uZtx kd jxkl 4g h;x gj <jdf hd tjl 4g h;x gj ;kog , T X w T X 4g k;x kg rk' ydycf ue , s a q 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4n LkN ydycf ]kd uiv Xn LkN , s a , s a X s\ q s s s\ 4gj rul ]gj ru X s q X s ql ]gj rul 4g k;x kg rk' ue 4e jxkl nc h;x k[ 4s;x gc ]s;x Ief 4 X s q , s a X wa s gj Cgu ikv3ikv ]C;x gj ;kog 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue 4g kgj kt krskg s X , s a , rk' ue 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue gj ruql rk' a , s a , s a X s a 4kx;kt s kg rk' cl 4kx;kt Ief ]kx;kt y?if Nd jrhH rul hg srul ]gj ruql s a s s q s q q X s 4xX;kt Ief ydycf ikv3ikv udfy 4kx;kt g s q s s j utx kd jxkl ]hxX;kt gj X;kog 4hx;kt gj k;kN hrykL hd Xk{o 4hx;kt Z s s 1 X gj <jdf hd tjl 4kx;kt kg rk' ydycf ue 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue X w s s a q , s a 4g kgj kt krkg rk' ue 4kd jxkl ]kd k;{fi ]kd kvkog gj ruql! 4kx , s a s s X s X X s s ;kt kg rk' ydycf ue 4g krkt krkg rk' ue rul hg rul 4g krkt kr s a q , s a s q s q , kg rk' ue rul hg rul ul 4;kt gj rul ZGlf Syf d Iufef ln ~uql s a s q s q X q X s q s X 4g rkt kv kd uykc hH h{i [n ~ul 4kx;kt krskg uke jkv rk' ue ru T s s s s X s s q s , , a s l hg rul 4kx;kt krkg uke jkv rk' ue rul hg rul 4gj rul ikpip q s q s s , , a s q s q X s q q 4X;kt kg dS Fkl d kvkog ub ]Fkl d i/ lb 4X;kt kg ryfeéfl s s X s w s Xelm 4g Cgj jd kni jlov rHnv dS Bkd jdyef cl ; 6;kog ; ]<jd T , q s s X s X f s; ]i/ g; 4gj rul ]gj rul ikpip lc 4g kugj rul uke 4gj ruql w X s q X s q q , s q , X s utx kd jxkl ]rhx d k;{fi ]tkokv hd kvkog Z s X X g kugj rul uke 4g rkg I‘ofi e uk;÷ eg cv 4n LkN yFf'f kd jhj' , s q , T s s z X X s\ s 4y jd nc l eh/ [kv 4y jd nc l kr¬gfkv [kv 4n LkN kyhP kd jhj' X a s s a X a s a X s\ s 4Sgfkp kukt kg /çyim kd ei ji ]kd naukv ji ]kd kruhy¥r hji Xelm s s zs s w s s w s w
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 201 egaP

4g rkt kg rDe o ] T s s q s T s g rkt kg /çyim kd ;®l kt jkv 4g ;®l kujd rD;øHfv hg klo ]kujd s s s , , , ''fkd hd uht hg kl,o ]kuukt hg kl,o ]ku[n hg klo lm ]g krLi h;k[n s s s , s , \ f kl,t 4g krLi h;k[nf skt ]g go ;®l df ]kgd e rhx uiv u jhdG lm , \ , X s s ` g k;D ;®l jkv 4;®l g jk} go3g jk} hg dS Syf dum ]g kukg _ro¬ g , , , , s , s a X ütf 4;®l g kr¬kj go jkv3g kr¬kj hg dS güm ]g kukg rDe gütf 4kF kr , , , X , s q X kx rhx jhdG 4kul u h{i lm rkx rhx kd jhdG dS gcl7gcl unf dS q s s s q q 4dl kg rDe ld df k wa s q s , F e krpV rgc go 2Mkt kg u hnkv e kd kr_rji rgj7rgj _rji Cgd X q a s T a s s a ]kF jL kd h{i lm 4krkt kg Cgu _ro¬ Bkd hg l ukt IN e 'kdkv y[ s s a s s s w X s q s s ydv 4kry ukt Cgu kd kr_ro¬ Bkd hg l ukt kg _ro¬ ydv 4,g nukv s s a s s s s a s s a jkv oHuv kd kr_ro¬ e k<ki dutf ]g rukt o yod kr kr_ro¬ dfk; , q a X X z s T s s s s a X D 2kxkg k;D kr k;x kg hH rDe l LtiV jxv jGf 4Mkt yH e hg rf1e¬ h s s s q s s \ a w T d nukv d 'kdkv sy[ df kg u klß Cgd df hF krpV hg dS kd h{i lm a s q s s 4X;kt ywH kuLm [i df \ a g krdl jd ukldu hg dS ]krdl jd Cgu ukldu kLc Bkd jkv gxkjkd , q q \ s , 1 `X;kt yH kuLm [i je rgj7rgj nc Xe L w \ a s s s s a s tiV df kxs;kt kg Cgu kr klß Cgd kvg jL lm ]hxy ukg eyke g; slm k \ s s q s s s w s r huk'ji hLc lcl jh/7jh/ jGf 4kF uk'ji rgc ]kF ukjg rgc h{i go s \ s s s s q , q 2g kgj kt k;kx r , hx df g r>el hg; so ]rukt Cgu kt udfy ]g rkj jdIhi jlf xky Nd T s s s s T s s s q 2g kgj kx rhx hHv go df k>el su kxky d yge dlm jkv Ikel udfy , X s s s , z s 4kxy ukj jdIhi7Ihi jlf rgc h{i go s s q 4g jckjc ]kd gky gkp , s s s ]kg kd sukl gkp kLtiV Syf dlm ]kg s;kx rhx e 'kdkv rgfj7kehl ul s s s \ s X X s tf jkv kg kukt kuLm l k[i suiv ultf `g Fv k;D kd k;rfke7jhg `g , s \ s X a s , Z X s s , Fv k;D kd ukl Syf dlm ]skg hukt kr_ro¬ hd 'kdkv y[ ultf udfy Z s s s a s q s s 2go kF kL tiV kd ;iQ kLkjd 2sF ;kxy rkjgkot7jhg e L\tif lm 2kF k[j e LtiV \ s X s\ s s X s a X s \ s s s d ukl su Ikzel kd h{i lm yko sujd kjlc ji k{1o j,kv uLm e 'kdkv s s s X s \ X 4g krdl uc kr_rji hH kukx rhx df kxkg u hH , a s kri kd h{i lm 2kg ryx xky sd lkilkv jxv ]g /kjiv hH kukx rhx s X s , 4k;nf kuc hnc kd h{i dS rkx rhx e yxat su Ikzel dS a s s X ]ue®kv ;if z
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 301 egaP

iv jkv g rgj e kg1xkjkd uiv xky jkn>el 2rjd Cgu jkpof hHd xky , T s X X s s s s jkn>el 4g dkujr[ rgc kujd jkpof `h{i yxki k;df k;D jkpof uwr , q X s 4krdl gj Cgu _rji go ] a g krkt kg eüt kd jkpof e uoht dltf jkv g gk–of jkpof dfk;D 4krd , s X s , , s X l gj Cgu e kLtiV jGf go ]kpkl ultf 4O> k; g pl g; df Cgu hg ku X X \ s s w , pkl g; 4kujd hgo ]gd kt dyfke df g g; kyd hygi hd ugj e LtiV s s s , s X s \ 2g hrkg kyd h , s H hd ugj e kLtiV 6g >elku r udfy ]Syf d LtiV lm F rljr kr e s X X \ , w s s s \ s s s g 2g ryef <jkd d k;≤i d keüt yNif 4ryef Cgu kd hHl ; 4g srye T s s X q s X s s s s T f LtiV s; l ;≈kHkl 2jdLkN kd LtiV d sukl g krpku r ]h{i yxki ]kg s \ s , s\ s s \ s s , w d jkv kxy ukj jdOc ji {o dS krkr dS udfy 4kF krpku kr h{i go , s s , 1 s s s 4g jk} , _ke dS hg ;®l kr g kukg rDe jxv df u jhdG lm kF kgd dhO ]kgd s , s q s s ulm 4kxy upku e 'kdkv y[ kr go 4h;x yef nkje hd ue kr kd h{i s X s q s q s s lm udfy 4k;x k;nf jd jgkc h{i go 4g uOfd rgc Syf d ;®l kjslc s , q s e kyge udfy ]g krdl kg kjlc ji k{o 2lkouf akgd kd ;®l e kyge X X s , s s X 1 X X 4kn jd jgkc d yge <{®r kd h{i lb df kgd u Ikel s s s s z 4g krdl , uc hyl hd k;jfkd/fkRl kr gj rofht jxv ;®l dfk;D 4g rn kPp ji w X s s X T s s \ hyl kd ;®l k'eg hjk/kRl Syflb 4g hrkg uketkjof ji ulkglV sd ;®l w s s , s v k'eg kRl dfk;D 4g rkg tkjku rgc l ;®l hHl o ]g kRl hH hd gj s X T s s q s s , r hldf e kFkg dutf ]d ke/ gkp ]d u/ gkp ]d kRl gkp3g Ikel kt X X s s ˜ s s s s s T z s o jkv 4g rht e ;®lv xky hHl dfk;D 4g rkg tkjku xky hHl sl ;®l s , T s X s X T s s s 4kvg tkjku rgc kr Ikel 4g q q s z wa Cgu ji j? e kn gd df l kjknjgi g k;koygd hg u Ikel g; jkv 4g T s s X s , s z , , ji j? Ikel ]Cgu df kgd jdky¥pf u h{i lm hHr 4g Cgu ji j? Ikel z s , z df kn gd ]k;koygd u Ikel l kjknjgi 4kF k;kv uyef Bkd ]kF jrhH s s z s X s s s d yge Ikel 4k;df xk;i kl7kIkN dS kd ;®l unf hlm u h{i lm jkv s z s z s s , 2Cgu su k;efnkv ]u h{i dS kul ]kgj krky¥pf e okx jhdG go X s q X a 2g ukd krul udfy ]g srky¥p , , q s T f hH <‘Î ]g rky¥pf hH I¬bk∂ ]g rky¥pf hH 0c ]g rky¥pf hH jhokge T s T s q T s 4e 'kdkv hldf3g rdl Lm hH o j,kv g [i hH lki du X T s \ s T a s m df Cgu hg kri kr kd ;‘que 4g Syf d suLm [i dum df g kri kr kd s s T s \ a s , s s k;{fi 2g k;x yH hg oHuv kjkl kd 'kdkv y[ kr ;‘ue 4g oHuv kd X , w q s q s q , q 'kdkv sy[ hHv kd k;{fi dfk;D 4k;yf ul u h{i lm udfy ]kul Cgu q s X X q s s q s kr su k;‘que 4kF krjtx go rkx ji kdLl hg; 4kF Fv hg; kd rhx dlm X q s X \ Z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 401 egaP

4g ;H Lc e 'kdkv sy[ 4g r{fjl ydycf henkv jrhH d LtiV T s \ X q , q q s s \ 4g Cgu ;H Bkd , s ]Cgu 4k;yftcf Bg hrdLd u ]ynkc Sg rljc u ]g jL Bkd kd kukGr S a q \ q s , s X w g rOm e 'kdkv u ]g ;H Bkd kd huki7h/kv u3g k{jl hurdf e LtiV q s X , s a , q X s \ 4g k{jl hLc e kr_rji 4g k{jlv hLc e kr_ro¬ , q \ X a , q \ X a 4g krkt sy Gjr hd kr_ro¬ ;®l dfk;D ]g dkujr[ , a X , ;®l dfk;D ]ku>el ueæn lm kr jd rkc hd ;®l henkv Bkd jxv jkv X q s s s X s , 4kukOm re [kv hHd Gjr hd ;®l kr kg ku>el uoht hg kd kr_rji a s s s a jxv 4kusy re hH eku kd ;®l hHd kr kg kuht l rfk' e kr_rji jxv s s s a X a 2g hH rDfe ]g hH ke®k , q , v ]g hH [ai lki jkeg ]g hH 'kdkv ky[ df krgj Cgu hH kri eg jkv T s , q X , 2g rkt kg rkr jh/7jh/ hH cl eg jdul7ul tkokv hd Cgüm 4g uk'ji T s s s s s s q q , s l tkokv hd krkr r;efnkv hjkl ]k;ufn hjkl 2g ;x Oc rkr ji eku d s X s q T s , s s s kjnfe ]g ;x Oc rkr ji eku d k;knil ]g ;x Oc rkr ji eku d k_¬k' X a T s , s s s X z a T s , s s s X 2g rgd dyfke kt ]g rkt yp srykc hgo s; ]l ykl k T s s T s s s s X jktg7kjktg 4g rgd dyfke kt ]g rykc hgo hH rkr s; 2Cgu cklgf Bkd X T s s T s s s s s kdltf ]g nknkr hLc hurb hd krkr hH e k;efnkv kg; ]dhO kr srkr jkv , \ X s X X a s s , 4sryk s c Cgu hHd ;®l udfsy ]g rykc Nd7cl jkv rkr jkv 4;®l g kr¬kj go T s s q , s s , , jkv3g kr¬kj hg dS kd ukg rDe dfk;D ]kxgj nac Cgo knl go 4g krgd , , s s q X s , dyfke kt ]g krjd hgo go cv 4g e LtiV d yge lm hH cv krkr go s , , X s \ s s 4k;nf jd n c u ykijk} kd L\tiV 2k;x Oc jrhH jdkt krkr ]kF k;x IN h{i go sl a s s s , s w a kgt e LtiV y[ jkv 2kgj krky¥pf cl g; krkr 4kupkl l jkpof d d X s \ s q , s s s s yfke jkv ku[n l [kv hd dyfke 4Cgu kupkl l jkpof uiv ]Cgu ku[sn , s s a s s s s l [kv huiv 4g kugd Cgu g; ]g krjd k;D dyfke 4g rgd dyfke kt a , , T s s ]g rgd hgo kr eg 4g k;D ;®l df rjd Cgu krpV hdlb eg 4g pl kt T s s , s , s ]rgd Cgu go hHd eg 4g rgd dyfke kt ]g rgd hgo eg 4k[hl kyd s T s s T s s s X s s , l krkr kr g kuy kte kd ugj e LtiV jxv df kgd u rkr lm udfy s s X s \ s s s s 2kF k;x kv e 'kdkv y[ kr go 2F gj ykL Xe X s q s s s s kvkog [i dlm ]kF kgj pku l h'[ kr go ]Cgu hH kul kr u h{i lm X a s s q s q s s 4g rgj r>el j? T s s jdktl kd kLtiV hg lß xky duv ]gj uk;÷ 2krxy uLi eyke klt j? s X \ s s s s s \ w , kLtiV kvg k;ktl 4kF kuy ktl kd kpdCl d sLtiV uiv hg l jrhH kr \ q s s X s \ s s s hF Ghydr hg knk;† jxv 2g r>el jnfe ]g sr>el uoH kd gxkjkd u T s a T s 1 s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 501 egaP

4g krdl uc _ef e rxt lb yod hgo ]kg jk;r kd , X s s , s ujkg l kjln kt ]kg 4g kry kuc ueæqn kdcl jh/7jh/ henkv kyko urht s s X w s a , s s s s s kd kjln 4g krsy kuc ueæn go ]g kryduf urht kd ueæn hH kt dfk;D s X w , q , s s q s X 4n jke u ueæqn s Bkd df kF k;x gj jL hg dS cv 4kF k;yf rht Nd cl hH u Ikzel lm s q s 4g kr , kt kyp krPc ;H hg kurm ]g hrPc k{jl hurtf df g hg; hH ;¬gj jkv \ , \ q , , g hg; kte udfsy 4;kt kg ;Huf uoht ];kt gj u ;H Bkd e uoht df , s s Z s s X kr 4;kt kg r{fjl dfkr `g krked Syfldf '; 4s;kt kg r{fjl dfkr ` s s q , s q g krked Syfldf ni 4;kt kg r{fjl dfkr `g krked Syf dldf u/ `g , s s q , s , k;D krjd jH uoht henkv j[fkv 4dl gj r{fjl ydycf eg eltf 4d X q q X s l kv u ueæn Bkd eltf ]g rkuc e uoht yge d gjr hlb hH cl eg q s X T s X s 4hF Cgu kuokHl Bkd hd ukv d ueæn hldf e yge lm df kF k;kouc r a s s s q X {fjl kurb ulm yge jkv 4kF k;kouc yge dS u Ikel dS ]g kuql uTe q s , s z , s 2;kt kg rîkel jkv y ht ]Xy gj r{fjl gjr hldf lc3g e/ kj X s , X q , Z keg hg k{jl 2g k;yf uke Nd cl hg kd ukg r{fjl u kr;‘ue hjkl lb q , q s s s q s q `g k;x kg k;D kd kr , s s ;‘ue hjkl 4g hrLi Bkul jkd> Bkd hd ;®l l <ki /kdS hldf ]kvkI[ q , \ q a s s z s I[ kd k<ki d k;efnkv [ky7[ky 4g hrLi h;k[nf lk;î hd kr_ro¬ e [ s X z s X , \ a X kv dS hldf hHd3kdk> e k[kv [ky7[ky `lß g xky LkF urdf udfy a s a X X a s T s s s\ s s 4Cgu u/c a Bkd kgt ]Cgu jkohn Bkd kgt ]kgo kvkt Lm ]jkohn cl kn Lkr ]u/c c s a s a a s \ X s s\ a l kn Lkr df g hrgj hrjke Ikp rfe¬ Bkd Cgd e k<ki dutf jkv g ;x s s\ , s 1 s X X z s , T s yH Cgu kd 'kdkv kt jkv g ;x yH Cgu kd k[i d uLm uiv skt ]g w s s , T s w s X a s s \ s , Syf dum tk[ g; 4g Cgu ;H kd sukg r{fjlv e k<ki lutf ]g Syf d s s , s q X X z s , s um tk[ g; 4g rsy uke Nd7cl kd uoht r{fjl kt ]g Cgu Syf dum s T s q s q s , s tk[ g; 4g O,c ujd jkpof kd tk[ hd ;®l e kunf uhr kg; kr eg jkv s T s s s X X a s , 4g dhO hg kr_rji lm ]Sgfkp k{jl sltf , a s q 6hd nç' k; kg kr_rji hd Fv 6hd ke/ k; kg kr_arji drfhutkj 4g dh s a Z ˜ s , O hg kr_rji kr kg rgkp k{jl 4kujd re hH rkc hd ;®l kr kg rgkp a s X s q s X s k{jl jxv `kg rgkp kr_rji df kuy Nwi e ue uiv kr kg rgkp k{jql q s s a s X s s X s 2g s;x kg htkj kd sukg _rji xky d/fv kr Syfh T s s s a s s lb 4g Lk;Dhlub ]r{fjlv rgc kr_ro¬ ]g Lk;Dhl ]r{fjl hLc kr_rji , Z s q q a , Z s q \ a 4Cgu hH k{jl Bkd ]Cgu hH kyko ukpc Bkd ]Tg hr q s s s kv hH k;/fkv kgo ]g rOm hH ukGr 2'kdkv kLc kurb jkv h{i kl7kIkN a a a T s w \ , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 601 egaP

s kr 4hx;kt hg gj kr jkohn ]Wd knk;† ]Wd ed tkojn hg urdf gkp df X s X a a s s s k;kv yk;[ g; jGf 4k;x krjd xyv jkohn cl ]k;x krjd kLc tkojn X \ s s jh/7jh/ kr ]g rkt uc gxkjkd yge df k;df oHuv g; ue jGf 4sF yg s s T s 1 q s T e hH lki je hHd tkjkge ]kxy ugd 4kxy ulg l jkt7jkt go jGf jkv s s s s a s s s , 4elb g h;x gj yH dS ]g krgd Syflb 4s;kt kg rîkel hH go ]Xn j X , w wa s d nc hH kdlb 4g kpc uoht kl7kLkF ]g kpc ktkojn dS cv 4k;x kg e a s , s\ , s d uoht kurm ]Sg ed tkojn urtf 4lki dikv kF uoht hg kurm ]e y q s s s X ge lb F stkojn knk;† surtf 4y >el l dhO jGf kr ]kgd u jhdG lm s X s s s 2kxaM kt je e sygi d ukt d rke ]Cgu ykol kd ukt ]kgd u ktkj lm udfy T s s s , s s s 4hrdl kt Cgu hH rke jGf ]X;kt kg jrhH df Xjd klß , s ikv 4hx;kt hyp jrhH l stkojn dS kr rke ed l ed kr Cgu ueæn 4 s s s , s s q g krdl l? ueæn ]g ktkojn dS 4y jd kji hH kdlm ]e ukg cd ,g he , q q , X w s X s s z d hg hurb ]g kpc ktkojn dS Glf ]g k;x kg g; zcd ]kgd u jhdG lm , Z , s s `hx;kt kg cd Cgu yge g; kr aMk s s z s t kg jrhH jkv y koupf hH kd tkojn e jxv ] yxki ]kgd u Ikzel lm s , wa s s T s 4krdl jd Cgu 'oi j s z rhH ueæn Bkd hHd jGf 4sxX;kt kg r{fjl ydycf ikv kr y koupf hH q s s q q s X kd tkojn lb jkv X;kt kg jrhH ikv 4g krdl kv jrhH ueæn llb 4g h s s , s , q s , ryx hg; ]g ktkojn dS ]g dhO cl kr jkv 4e yge lb g h;x gj yH , , s , X , w dS df n gd likv kr k;x kv kdke tkv dyfke ]kgd u hjk[Hf Pw\c lm wa s s , s s `g kgj lg k;D r ]yxki ]kgd u dyfke d uoH lm 2kxy ulg , a X w s s s a s s l jkt hjk[Hf kPc dS kOc jkudf d dLl hHr 4g krkouc yge hg klß w\ , s s \ aw jdkt hn¥t hH e 4g k;ki kuc Cgu yge r{fjl kurb hHd ktkj Bkd 4g T , q s , hy jd rkc rHnv uer ]jd[n kd >l7>el hjkgér ]g '[ rgc df kg q s q s s w q aw q q d kjkcn su ktkj d lkLi lm jGf cr ]kF kgj y knof ktkj kd lkLi ct q s s \ s s \ 4Cgu kjr[ Bkd kr elb ]g r{fjl yd s s X , q q ycf kr g; 4g krkouc ?h' jdkt yge klß hH e jkv kvg rnfaukv rqgc s wa z T , q jd[n lb e ]kgd sulm 4kvg rofkHi rgc jd[n hH ktkj kd lkL\i 4h; s s T q z q s s x pgi jc[ dr jn7jn 4k;kv su[n kd yge r{fjl dlm ktkj kd lkL\i qa w w s s q s s 4k F kjgi kd kjkoyr hxu kjktg ji stkojn lb jkv yge kLc ]ktkojn dS X a X , \ 2;kt kv u jrhH ueæn Bkd dfkr ]Cgu hH /j Nd jkv Bkd ]Cgu hH jk} s q s z a q , s ]Cgu hH hdL[f ]k[j ktkojn dS yod e yge lm 4k;kouc yge kLc u \ s X \ s lm 4kF hjWt kujd utk;kv kd k{jl kr kF k;x Pc ;H 4kF k;x Pc ;H s q s \ \ s kr 4hF h;x kg ueæqn k;ufn hjkl kr kF kgkp kurht kd k;ufn hjkl ulm s q s s q s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 701 egaP

jrhH d uhet knk;† hH l k{o Lt hd ke®kv hdum dfk;D ]g rLi eyke s s X 1 X \ X T s \ w rjGf7ryp henkv 4l uhet g hL\t Lt hdum dfk;D ]l uhet g /c {o s s s T X \ X s T s a 1 2g jhtt hjkH rgc `Gjr hd 'kdkv xOm ld jdy T X a q s X s , s kd k<ki Sg jH l kjhtt l Gjr cl lb `g hrdl kg ld k_k; jdy kd s X z q s s X a s , s s , s s Rpf Sg /c lb `g hrdl kg ld tk[ hd ;®l jdy kd Rpf _rji lb q s a , s s , s s s a 4g _rji cl eg lß jkv 2g hry /kc kd dr ke®kv hjkeg T a s , T s a s o ]g ry jd jkdho¬ eg k;efkyqx kt udfsy 4g hrkt Cgu dr Bkjgx jkv s T s s a s T , knk;† l jhj' jkeg o ]g rikF ji eg jln k;efkyx kt 2g ry jd jkd s s s T s s s w a q s T s s ho¬ n[ eg kt ]g k;efkyx Nd 4g rikF ji eg jln kt ]g k;efkyx Nd q s T a q q T s s s w s T a q q 2g s;x /c hg Fk T a g uiv ikv ]Cgu Bkd `l ycfbkc g kr/kc ukd `l ukjd g kr/kc ukd s s s , a , s q , a , `l krhx g kr/kc ukd 2g ;x /c l Fkg uiv hg ikv ]Cgu u hldf ]Cgu s , a , T s a s s s `Syf d u/c kgd uldf `kvkt /c l lDke df kgd uldf jkv `kvkt s s a s s a s Z s , s /c l 0c df kgd uldf jkv `kvkt /c l h/kx ikv df kgd uldf jkv a s q s , s a s a s , `g ukeyle ikv df likv kgd suldf `g nügf ikv df likv kgd uldf T q s T w s s 2g k;yf jd jkdho¬ kd , s kr_rji l kunf rgc ueg j,kv 4g hrkt kg I‘ofi dr ke®kv hdikv go ] a s X q s , s z g ry jd jkdho¬ ;o¬ ikv kr_rji kt udfy 4hrpgi Cgu hHd jrhH di T s s a a s s qa s kv go ]g hrkg knk;† jgkc go ]g krikF kjln kr_rji skt 4hrkg Cgu dof , s , s w a s r¬ko hHd go ]g krikF jiM dikv rDf;ø kjln kr_rji kt gj uk;÷ jkv , s s w a s s , 4g Cgu [n Bkd jkv rDjfrfv d kr_rji , q s , s a 4hrdl s kg Cgu /çyim kd nukv hHd dr cr ]g _rji dr ct ke®kv hd henkv s a , a 4g hg <jkd d kjkohn `g Cgu kr <jkd , s X , s sd kjkohn ]IgkIiIN g; ]Igkjc? g; n;k'3g krxy jL 4g rkt yp rjd X , T s s s rcte jkohn eg hg hurm ]ke®kv g hrkIiIN hurtf udfy 4ke®kv ,g hr w X , s kIiIN ]<ki g riLr jGf 4g s;x kg jn l 'kdkv y[ d ;®l eg hg ur z T s \ T s w s s q s s m ]g hy jd hØdb lki d ke®kv huiv ueg jkohn s; knk;† hg hurtf jkv T s s X , 2jd oHquv r{fjl eg dfkr ]g hn jd hL[ Gjr kjkp d X q T \ X s ke®kv huiv sueg o 4CrLi Cgu h;k[nf ydycf o3g jkohn hd k_¬k' ]hd s \ q s T X X Xkrk0lf ]g jkohn hd jkpof 4g jkohn hd pkd ]CrLi Cgu Bk[nf kt ]Ijsil a T X T X a \ s X kI ]ñ'njki jkv 4g jkohn el jkv g jkohn dhjkc jkv 4g hrLi Bk[nf df a≠ , T X w , T X , T \ Xk;D ]g Cgu dkujr[ hurb o ]jkohn hd hÈef jkv jF®i3g hr[hn jkohn k T s X , T X s t o jkv 4g hy kuc jkohn huiv7huiv l Z;ƒekl huiv hH ucl eg udfy s , T X s s s 4g rofht gjr wa hji cv jkv g e 'kdkv y[ cv 4k;kv yduf hg jgkc d kjkohn e jGf w , wa X s q s X T
rfsu&rfsu

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 801 egaP

eg kt 2g k;yf jd Fkl uiv u henkv jg kt ]k;df ekd hgo Fkl dum s , s s s s s T ue ]kgd sulm `Cgu k;D hrxkH LH hjkgér df kgd u hldf l jxwnkt lm X X s\ q s s 4g LH e df k;x Ief hg yk;[ g; lm d wa s\ T s fk;D ]g ydæfe rgc e k;ufn hutk[ LH jkted llm cr ]y >el j' X , q q X q s s\ s s s s kd uiv LH ct 4g js' eg df kF eH kdum udfy 4krkg k;yf jd ;kim s s s\ T z s s s Bkd kd okpc uXkgüm 4Crkg h;x xkH LH so n;k' kr g LH hH eg df kr s s s X s\ s T s\ kg k;x kv yk;[ jd[n rIkd kd kLH hjln güm jxv 4kF kdp yduf r s s s s X s\ w X q Do kd uxkH 4kF krdl kt k;df Cgu hH Nd cr ]kF krkg kdp rhc ;el s q s q rgc cr udfsy 4kvg kjc df kF kryp kri hHr ]hF hrkv hjkc hd uIkd q q q s hdum ct 2CF hrkt hyp hr>el hg js' kd uiv o 2hF hrkg Cgu jkol s s s s krpV hH kjt kd kLH hdkc udfy ]CF hrkt hrId LH tkj jg Syflb jkv s X s\ s X s\ s , 4g gj Id go T s ]g rId go ]g LH kt 4g Cgu hg ykol Bkd kr kd uId jkeg ]g j' kr T s T s\ s , s s s s T s s eg ]CF hrpkl e ue uiv cr ]CF hrId ct LH hjln Syflb 2CF hr> s X s X s\ w el j' kd n[ ]CF hr>el hg LH kd kLH hjln dfkykg 2CF hr>el j' s s q s\ s X s\ w a s kd uiv LH hjkl 4kg j' ]kg Cgu LH cl er df hn k[lf rkc dS djd s s X s\ s s s s\ q s tbkIkuîgf ]'kgc kd kLH hjkl ulm 4kxkg kgj henkv jk;'fkg rgc go s s s s X s\ s s s q 4hF hn k[lf rkc dS djd 'kgc skd kLH hjkl ulm udfy 4kF krpc jd s s s X s\ s s s Ikd kdum cr ]Crkt jH l lke7hcjp o ct ]krjd kIke jdkyif7ky[f g s s a s s X üm 4kF krpc kd lke dum ]kF krpc kdum jkv ]ulm CF h[j yki LH s s a s s s , s X s\ 4kF krjd ekd kd upc kd kLH jxnkt go jkv kF jxnkt dS g kuql uTe s s s X s\ w , w , s 4g rykHl ]Cgu rLkr eg lm cr ]g hrkt hy >el <"Hkv T s a s s\ s , w jhtt ct dfk;D 2g kry >el <"Hkv kd kjhtt kt ]g krkg go ekyx a X , s w s X a s , s q kLc lcl 2j? kuiv kd g1xkjkd g kr>el kt ]g krkg go ekyx kxkHv sl \ s s , s , s q cl 2g ekyx e df krkg Cgu kri g; ltf ]g krkg go ekyx kxkHv slcl wa q T s s , s q 4g rdl jd Nd Syf d sukg rDe l hekyx eg hHr ]Sgfkp hukt T s q s s q s q kg oHuv l iW I‘i¬ rgc eg hekyqx g; jkv g ekyx <jkd hg uiv eg s q s q X , T q s 4kd h>elku hg huiv ]k d ukKv hg suiv ]kd krLt hg huiv ]kd krPe hg huiv `kdldf 4g eky \ w\ T qx dS henkv 4g ekyx dS eg df kuy jd oHuv g; l dhO df g; go T q s q s jkv 4g krgkp kujd rkc likv tkv Syflb ji _l ygi d k_k; hd ;®l , wa s w s s 4hrdl kg Cgu k_k; Bkd hd ;®l dr cr ];kt u II jhtt dr ct l kgo ];kt s s X w X a s a X kg u LIWiv ]X;kt u L[m dr ct l kgo 4g Bg hld Lt hd ke®kv hj s s \ s a T q X \ keg e uhet lm 4g hd tkel uhet go ]g hd kjiji uhet go 4Tg hlq? X , , a
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 901 egaP

]jrhH d gxkjkd kvkxy kphxc g cyre kdlm kr g hrkg Ghydr jxv s 1 s , s , s jkv 4kd kjkohn hd gxkjkd3kjd kjFl7Gkl kd kjkohn 4g hrkg Ghydr S , s X 1 s q s X , s yflb ]g hnax jkohn 4kjd Gkl ]krki ]kihy kd kjkohn kr 4kg hrkg Ghydr , X s s s s s X s s s jxv ]kvk>el lm jkv 2g Nd7cl hg; lc ]g Cgu hg k;ufn Bkd jgkc s s , , q , q s s dlb 2g hrLi h;k[nf jrhH d jkohn lb hurtf ]g hg hurb kr k;ufn df , \ s , s q 2kg rDf;ø _ro¬ dS kr er ]kg Cgu hnd er df kvk>el lm j,kv 2Cgu s a s q s , q s s hg g gxkjkd g; 2g jnfe kd ukoxH ]g Cgu gxkjkd g; df kvk>el lm , 1 , a , 1 s s df g g; chdjr hygi lcl kr kd hnd kg ku[j rpfjfiv l gxkjkd jkv , s s s , s s 1 , 4Syf d kd s X yfke g dkujr[ rgc kukg rpfjfi l gxkjkd Syflb 4g krjd rDe hH , q s s 1 , q ukK kd g1xkjkd 4g krjd rDe knl ukK dfk;D 4g krdl kg jgkc l gxkj , q X , s s 1 kd hH hHd go 4g dkujr[ hnd rpfjfi l gxkjkd 4rn ukg Cgu rpfjfi , , s 1 s s s s s X s l kukd ]l kjkohn hd gxkjkd kd hnd hH hHd dyfke d gxkjkd Syflb s X 1 s , s 1 4g krdl kg jgkc , s s 1 l gxkjkd l huklkv hg kurm ]kxkg rpfjfi knk;† kurtf kt llm 4g hjW s s s s , t ;pjfi kd gxkjkd lm ]g kukt yduf l gxkjkd ltf 4krdl Cgu hg y 1 , s 1 duf hHd Bkd Sg rpfjfi kucf llm ]kg kuyduf l gxkjkd ltf dfk;D ] s q s s s 1 X kxLi kukg rpfjfi l ukd dS7dS ]jkohn dS7dS hd gxkjkd df hxsLi hu s \ s s s s 1 \ jd g; rkc hjln jkv 4g e g1xkjkd ]g hnd e df kxkg kuy >el g; slm w , wa X wa , T s s kr sygi lcl `kxjd k;D ygi lcl kr gkp kuxkH l gxkjkd Bkd jxv s s s s s s s s 1 s 4krdl kt Cgu hH kLkr slb s\ dr cr ]rkt kg Cgu rpfjfi gjr hji l krlkn de®fk;÷kv ]hjoy¬ yvph s s w s s q i¬ lb eg dr ct 4g hjWt kuy [n o ]g k;Lfd k;D7k;D hd hekyx lb z , s s s T a \ q 4g hjWt kuy >el lm ]g jkol ji hrkN hekyx g; e iW ldf7ldf 4g h , s s , q X , jWt kuy jd oHquv hH kd kvk'nf um ]g Sg Ldi hekyx g; l kvk'nf s X , q s \ q s X hurtf ]g la'ue;kL urtf ]g ek;kv urtf d hekyx lb 4g hjWt kujd T , s T s s q , oHquv kd kLhi hji lm ]g kLhi hurtf hd hekyx lb jkv g ekyx dS Te s \ w , \ q , wa q 4e ]Cgu o cyre kd eg 4kg sOc lki T s X , lkv je kt xky jkv df Cgu g; cyre kd eg 4e cyre kd eg ]Cgu hl s s s s , T kLi cyre kd eg 4g _rji eg df g hjWt kuy >el ;®l kygi Syflb s \ T a , s 4kx jd Cgu hH Nd e tk[ hd kr_ro¬ henkv go dr cr ]g ke®kv _ro¬ d s q X s a wa a S e ]g _ro¬ e df g krgj kr>el g; henkv dr ct jkv 4krdl kg Cg T wa a T , , s u hH Nd jkv O> kLc llb 2g _ro¬ e df g kr>el kd uiv henkv jg q , w \ s wa a T , s s 4g , k;nf k>el kdub ue hgo ]g Cgu s; kt 2g k;yf >el ueg hgo ]g Cgu s s T T s , s T
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 011 egaP

2kxyp go hg jdy kd j? lb cv 4g Cgu joæ s s s s s , B df kxs[n l jrhH d j? hlb kr kx[n kd k;ufn hH ct jkv 4g Cgu j s s s s s s s s s q , , oæB df kx;ht jH uoht jrhH d k[j <e”y hlb go cv 4g Cgu joæB3 s s s , g hrkt p[V k[j <e”y dS Gjr kjkp d ke®kv hdlm 4g Cgu joæB df , s X s , g krkg kLc jdul hg; kpπc kd kgo 4g Cgu joæB df g rk>el o Xe lW , s \ q a , T s s 4krLi Cgu h;k[nf hH Nd lm jGf ]g krkt \ q s , Oc jdkg nc e krk0lf suiv7uiv henkv jg df Cgu hg yk;[ eg jkv 4g , s a X X a s X , T jkohn hd krk0lf 4g e gxkjkd eg df krkv Cgu e yk;[ eg g; udfy X X a , X 1 X X s 4g Cgu kgo uyef Bkd `g krdl kg uyef Bkd phc d <‰kc , a s , s s s z jkv –' 4kx;kv Iky lifko jdLe Cg; Fkg ]hxs;kt kv jkohn e phc ud , w s , q\ X fy `g krdl Pc Fkg Cgd jkv hd ukeyle l Gjr hd ngV 4rdl kP\c Cg s , \ s q s w s u Fkg udfsy ]g krLi hH h;k[nf jkijkv dum 4g dkujr[ hLc jkohn ñ' , \ s T \ X njki Syfhlb 4g Cgu e phc jkohn Bkd df g krkg yk;[ <jkd d uL\i h , X s , s s s ;k[nf lm 4g krLi h;k[nf jkijkv d jkohn hd ukeyle jkv ngV 4g krL , \ s q , w , \ i Cgu h;k[nf jkijkv d jkohn hd jF®i 4g e phc jkohn df krkg Cgu d s , X s ' eg cv jkv 4g krLi h;k[nf jkijkv dum ]g jkohn hd pkd ]g Ij,il X , , \ s T X a T X kI jkohn so udfy 2g jkohn hd gjr hurdf lkilkv d henkv7henkv jkv a≠ X s T X s , 4g jkohn go ]kg hrkv Lkv thp Bkd e uyef e phc hH kgt 4kg hr , s s \ s X s X a s Li Cgu Bk[nf k; kg hrLi Bk[nf o gkp3g jkohn Bkd kr g hrLi k/kc Xe \ s \ s , s s , \ uyef phc d <‰kc jkv –' jxv 4g jkohn kr g krdkj Bkd jxv phc s s z , w , s , s s d huhp jkv hukr¬ngV 4g jkohn kr g krdkj Bkd phc d kukeyle7ngV 4g s , q , s , s s s X q w , jkohn go ]g hL[ e phc thp hH kt kr g krdQ Xe uyef likv Te jxv , \ X s s wa s s 4g jkohn go ]g hrdkj thp hH kt , , s s 4e suyef l kr;‘ue hLc g hrdkj jkv g jkohn hH s; df Cgu hH kr X s q \ , s , T X i lm 2g krgd l Ldv rgc kr ]g huhp e df g krgd henkv dS jkv s , s \ q s wa T , , g ;hrjkH e ]g krgd henkv dS ct 2g rkc hd rehd hLc Bkd kukg ut wa T , , \ s s , ]kukg wngV ]kukg ]ukeyle lt ]g krgd l Ldv go 4g nc jrhH d jko s s q s , , s \ wa a s hn hd ukeyle e df krgd Cgu gjr lb go kr ]g ukeyle e df g krg q T s wa q T , d ukeyle dS ct 4g ngV e df g krgd ngV dS ct 4g jkohn hd gxkj q wa w T , w T X 1 kd ]g jkohn Gjr cl 4g nc e kgxkjkd d gjr hurdf eyke u eg dr T X T a X X 1 s w q 1 ;®e nkc d eüt 4g nc e gxkjkd eg df Cgu hg <je¬ eg rkc kr hygi s , a X 1 X s 2g h T y uke rkc hg hlß ueg jkv 4g krkt Ief hg hg ykol kd ukg rDqe dlm X s , , s s s `g krdl kg rDe hHd k;D hnd go ]kxy uke kd krkc ub hnd kt jkv , s q , s s X , s , 2g j? kr g; ]g Cgu gxkjkd g; dfk;D ]k , s , 1 X s vktl kd gxkjkd 2kxxy ukv naukv ]hxsxy ukv /xl 6kvkxy hjkoyG7yG s 1 s s s a q s q w
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 111 egaP

4hrdl kg Cgu iWd jkv hnax hurb k;ufqn hyko u[j cyre l joæB dfk; s q , s s X D 4hrkg h;x kg hjln ydycf k;ufn g; kr krkg cyre eg l joæB jxv s s w q q s s X s 4g Cgu hH güm , X ]uekl d kjF®i ]suekl d kjkohn g gj LkG y;jfku xsky kt o 4g Cgu h s s X s X T s s\ s s , H güm3g kvg kL[ kF®t kd kvQx jkv hlk;ül ]/kl ]hjkti kt o 4g Cgu X , q \ X q , a q q s s , hH güm ]g sOc e kjnfe kt o 4g Cgu utk;i Bkd e k'nf lb ]Cgu 4hrskg X T , X X a s s , s z s X hy jd hd gjr jkv k;ufn hjkl g; ueg kr krkg utk;i kjkeg l joæB , q s s s s z s 2hngc hurb ]hnx hurb ]i w s a Wd hurb3hrdl kg Cgu k;ufn hlß g; 4hrkg k;ufn hg hjln ydycf k;u q s q s q w q fn g; kr krkg utk;i Bkd l joæB jxv 4g Cgu utk;i Bkd hH kd hld q s s s z s s , s z s s f l joæB 4kjd ekd kuiv `g krdl kg utk;i k;D gér l joæB 2joæB s s , s s z X q s ]kgd u jhdG lm `Cgu k; g joæB df sxkvkyrc Cgu eg jdkv er df k s , s X q gd kd jhdG lm su kxky d okx lm 4kF kvg kjgO e okx dS jhdG dS s X s s a q X a 4g hrkt kg ydæfe tk[ hd ;®l jkv g kry /kc kd , s q s , , s a s henkv rk0lf kd gjr hH hldf 4g Cgu htkj kd uLdt Fkl uiv kd rk a wa s s \ s s a 0lf hldf e Syflb 4g Cgu kri >e ]kxWd tk[ d jkohn kucf ]d yk[ T , s q a s s s s kucf e 4krkuc Cgu yk[ Bkd e 49g Cgu8 k; 9g8 df Cgu hg kri hHv >qe T s s T , , s `Mkuc k;D yk[ e ]g krgd kt ]g krjd henkv go tk[ hd ;®l udfy a X s T , s , s s 2g yk[ huiv hd kukn 2g krkt kg nc e krdr¬fkv T s X s , s a X dS ]g krkt kg nc e krdr¬fku dS 2g krkt kg nc e 9g Cgu8 go ]9g C , s a X , s a X , , gu8 df k;yf uke ultf 2g krkt kg nc e 9g8 go ]g df k;yf uke ultf s , s a X , , s `g kujd k;D jkv cv 2h;x , , kg e®[ rkc 9g8 df k;x >el go cv 2k;x kg e®[ jkv 9g8 df k;x Oc s , s , , , jduke `g kgd go df kxjd Cgu hH tk[ jdkOm [kv hHd go cv 4g , a s s a , joæB df g k;yf jd ;r su henkv lb dfk;D 4g Xe rykg jrnc hg hurm , X T hH eg 2g joæB df g ruke kt ]g jrgc eg kr llb df xgd ikv udfy , T s s T s s s s X s 4kxsLi Cg \ u h;k[nf hH Nd lb cv 4g Cgu joæB df k;yf jd ;r u henkv lb ]h; q s , s x kg nc ]h;x kg rOfd hjk;r hd su[n d henkv ltf jkv 4kg hjk;r hdl s a s qa , s s , s , m hd u[n kt ]g krdl Li h;k[nf hgo kd henkv dfk;D ]krdl Li Cgu s s s , \ s X \ h;k[nf joæB jGf 4kx;ht Cgd lb jH hxntf nc e jkohn hd yk;[ hlb s s a a X henkv go ]g Cgu joæB df k;x Oc yk;[ g; e xkenf d henkv ltf cv , , X s 2g ryp hg Fkl dikv ; ]g ryp Gjr kjkp dikv s; ]X;kt hH kgt T s s s T s X s a ikv 2g rHnv rgc ]g gxkjkd d ke®kv kt ; 4rdl yp Cgu ikv jdy T q q T 1 s s s s s kdub ji ]g krLi kukg nc kdikv jrhH dub ]g gxkjkd d jgkc kt ; s , \ s a s s T 1 s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 211 egaP

x;kt j[cf joæB cl kdum kr kn kygf l jkt jxv kdum `kg gj jd r s s s s s s s s kc hdldf 2Cgu k; g go df Cgu kri hH Nd güm jkv 2g gj ykc O> sl , q X , T s s w X k;;fk;uv Qqxe/ 2g gj ykc Ow> l k;‘'f Qx 2g gj ykc O> l kIc ikc q Z T s s s X q T s s w s X s 2g Cgu kri hH Nd s>e ]g kgj ykc O> jlkjl Te , q q wa s w df kr[sn Cgu jrhH hHd go 29g joæB8 kg df g krgd go jkv kd joæ , a , , B ky[f Cgu yG Bkd hHd e hxntf hdlm 4hd joæB h;kv Cgu kuZFki Bkd w s X a z s hHd e hxntf hdlm 4kd joæB kyt Cgu xkjpf Bkd hHd Xe hxntf hdl X a s a m 4hd joæB hjrm Cgu <jdf Bkd Cgd e hxntf hdlm 2Cgu kri hH Bkd s X a s s lm jkv 29g joæB83g krukt e ]kg df g krdl n hgkox hO> Syf d j , , wa T a , s w s oæB kt 4krdl kg Cgu ;kim Bkd kd pl cv e hxntf hdlm ]g krykc O s s s X a , s > dr uekl d joæB henkv kt jkv 4g O> Fkg s; 4xn kOm Fkg hH ikv w s s s , T w s X s kr `g joæB k;D df kxsNi Bkd jxv udfy `g rukt ikv `g krukt ukd , w s s T s , , 4g Cgu hH dhO kr xjd jkdb , s s X a endS cv 4kF k;nf kygf Fkg ]g rukt df F dp gd udfy 4F Cgu kr T s s s q s s s s rukt ]F dp gd 4kF u hH ;kim Nd cv 4;x Li e ydæfe xky d okx s s q q s \ X q s s a 4g wa krkt lifko e 4Cgu rjWt Bkd cv hd suykc je cr ]g hg kri gér ct T s s s s , X q 4e®[ rkc jGf ]kgd u jhdG lm 4g joæB ]kd joæB g ruke eg df j s , s T s iM k;nf kOm Fkg u kxky d okx jkl `g joæB `kg ruke kd joæB er s X s s a s , s s s q ]ygi way Ni uæi dS e kr g dl®m e joæB xsky urb ]kgd u jhdG lm s w z T s T q X s s 2g rgkp ku>el kd jo T s s æB xky df g krkg kni eH kr s;kt kg hØdb LhH Syf d u>el kd joæB s , s , z s s \ s s s 4g krkg kni eH kLc jd[n kd LhH 4hF hy j , s , z \ s s \ d hØdb LhH hLc su kxky d okx lm 4k;x e nt¬fe go 4g kryp e ]j[ \ \ X s s a X wa T , 2kgd Nd df kg rgd er jkv 4g krukt s q s s q , wa Cgu e df kxkg 0lf llm dfk;D 4gd Nd e jxv ]kxuc [e e cv 4; T s s X wa q T wa Z w T s x gj ip o ]F rukt kt 4hd hryx ukgüm ]g kgd ukgütf 4kdl kt kgd q s s s s s X , s X Cgu hH Nd dr tkv e /cl d joæB dfk;D `k;D kxgd Xe /cl d joæB q X a a s X wa a a s ]udfsy 4g kryp e ]g dhO cr ]g unf kd hÈN ]kNπv ]kgd u jhdG lm wa T , , q s 2g krjG hg kyke3g krjd Nd u Nd henkv ekdc 2g krjd Nd S , s , q q s , q yf d joæB 2g krjd Nd u Nd kr krkt kgj kOc Cgu ekdc l henkv j s , q q s , s s , kv krkg Cgu ekd Bkd ct dfk;D 2g rjd ∂Gf hd joæB xky unf d hÈN s s X T s s s q 2kg ;kv ujd ∂Gf hd joæB Syfl s s s b ]g unf kd hÈN dfp ]k>el e cv ]kgd u jhdG 4yp jWt ikv jkv g , q wa T s X , , unf kd hÈN tkv ]kgd ukgüm 4suke Cgu xky o udfy 4kvkox re ;el q s X s s s s a jkdc ]k[sn ek/7ekd kuiv `l joæB gér g cyre k;D ]kgd u jhdG lm s s s X q , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 311 egaP

4krdl Ief Cgu e/v l k;ufn dr cr 6xgj rkt >el defk/ Z s q s X s s Z X e k;ufn henkv yko ukt ync lß dr ct jkv 2hrxy Cgu jn e ukt y q s s s , s X s nc kd henkv defk/ 4g krdl kxy xkv Syf d e/ ngf nkc jH hL\? ]kF s Z , s Z w a kgj P\i krhx ygi jH hL? kt go 2g krdl dkH kjN e hrkN df hldf s \ s , X q X jd[sn e jr[ kd eky¬b ]e nt¬fe kF kgj Pi ukjd ygi jH hL? kt go X s s X \ q s \ s 2g krkt kg kjl , s n henkv go nkc jH hL? jGf 2g hg jkv Bkd henkv g; df kxLi eyke w \ , , s s \ w kr k[n cr ]kg kgj jG kyke e jnfe ct henkv hgo 4kxLi eyke jkv N s s s s s X a s \ w , q s a X X a d ]kdk> e k[kv hdlm ]henkv hgo ji ukdn 2g ry ync kd dr ke®kv q T s s s xky syko sukt e jnfe udfy 4uxkj7xj ]Lid ]g rki ync kjgp Glf o s X a s s a s \ T s s Z s dfk;D ]g Cgu y'd urb hH krsuHfv d ke¥Gf 2g ry jd hjln ke®kv Xe X T q s s X T s s w jH <{ 4g rkt jnfe kt ]k[hl l kxky um kr kg hu[hl kyd hd uync T s a s s s X s s s s 4g krkt kg jkv Nd hg ryduf jgkc ]g , s , q s , krkg jkv Nd e jnfe 4g krkt kg jkv Nd e jnfae ]g krkg jkv Nd go s , q X a , s , q X , s , q e ukdn 4g krdl ync e kjt go 4g ydæfe rgc kutk[ henkv ukeBc X q , X , q q s s knk;† l henkv defk/ 4hrxy Cgu jn e uync d henkv defk/ e ylv s Z s X s s Z X 2g gj ync s; udfy 6g Bg hukpgi T s s T q hje XyD' 4g xky hgo d hgo s; 2ke®keji kjr ]nko;ü/ ]kgd u jhdG lm s T s s s s 4Cg u hg rukt eg kd joæB 4Cgu kri hH Nd eg 4s;bk>el eg jkv ;yfp i s s q X X , s kv 4g xsky jln d okx eg 4xkg gj xky jln o ;'kge ]kgd u kxky um T s w s a s X s s s w s s X s `jG f g krpc Nd kd uukt xkv dlm ]g kry hg ukt kd joæB kt 4krpc Cg , q s s s s , s s s u hH Nd kd ukrc xkv dlm cv ]h;x kg e®[ rkc 4kg rukt er kd j q s s s s s s s q s oæB df kF kgd su kxky Cgér jkv kF k;x jkc hyNif e udfy ]kgd ulm X s q , T s s 4;k>el kd joæB jkv yp ikv kgd j X s , X kv Syf Ldi ji d jhdG jGf ukgüm kd jko∂' yxv 4yp eg jGf jkc , \ , s s X s q s X hyxv ]kgd ukgüm `jd k;D cv ]kgd sukgüm 4Sg rrfpV rgc xky d okx s X X X q q s s a 4[ s n okx jln sue l,t ]g hg klo okx kjkgér udfy 2kF Sgfkp kukt kg kd s a s w T s , , a q s s gjr hjln okx g; ]g xky surb yko uukt kd joæB e okx lb df g ukj w a T s s s s X a wa , T g e udfsy 4h;x kg e®[ rkc kr g hg kri gér ct df kgd u jhdG lm s s , X q s 4g Cgu ydycf géqr kr kri , q X s ]kg gj jd rkc chtv df g kgj gd Bkd jrhH dum hHr39g8 df g gj s s , s s , T s gd likv go ct n;k' 4g go df hxs;kv Cgu tkokv Bkd Cgd l jrhH 4k s , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 411 egaP

4krjd Cgu jk;r henkv ];®l 4g krkg pl go ]g , , s , krkv kt 4g krkg O> go ]g rjd jk;r eg kt 4g krkt k;df jk;,r O> s , s w T s , s , w ]g krkv ;®l 4krdl kt k;df Cgu jk;r hHd ;®l 4rkg Cgu pl hHd jR , , s s m Sg ;df jk;r 4g rkg pl cr ]g rkv jRm e hxntf 4g O> cl jRm q s , T s s T s X a T s w d krkc um7um ]g ;df jk;r uikv jRm d Xkrkc utf7utf ]gj uk;÷ jkv s X T s , s s s , 4g kry jd jk;r go ]g , s , , Cgu ewyke ltf jkv 4krjd Cgu jk;r go ]g eyke ltf 4g Cgu eyke j s , , , w s T w Rm df g cyre kd ujd jk;r `g rLi ujd jk;,r Cgd hH jRm 4g O> , s , T s \ s T w k'eg jRm dlm ]g krn jRm djd hjk;r henkv kt ]kgd u jhdG lm s s , s s , s s 4g s;kv djd hjk;,r T s hd un jRm kjlhr eg 4;yfp ikv ]g kyeke kjlhr tkv ]kgd u kxky s s s , s X s sd nt¬fe lm 4g hdqp kg e®[ rkc jkv g k;kv jkc kn e df kgd ulm u , s , wa s T s dfsy 4e nt¬fe hjkeg ;yfp df hd kuFki jdkt uXkgüm jko∂' jlhr jGf X s Z z s q s 4g ;¬gj Bkd ]hI¬ef Bkd Cgd ]g tkj Nd ]hxkg rkc Nd jWt , s ≠ s , q s q ]g chtv 4g krkt xkH jdLkN dke d uykc henkv g; j,kv 4kxykc go , , s\ s , s s s s s jkv kn kdke ikv 4g krgj jrkv Syf d uykc kr henkv <jk/kl dfk;D , s , , q s s s s X 4g Cgu henkv <jk/kl Bkd henkv g; 4g Sg ;kiNf jrhH uiv tkj Bkd , s , q s s s jWt 4g hjWt kuul l henkv lb `kxLi kujd k;D ]kgd u kxky d okx , q s s \ s X s s a 4g krkt e ]kn jd ke{ wa T s s q >e ]Cgu k_k; sxkv Bkd cv 4h;x kg e®[ rkc cv 2g Cgu go df k;yf s s , ukt uer ]h;x kg hji tk[ 2g Cgu go df k;x yp kri géqr dfk;D ]h;x s q s w s , X X kg hji tk[ hjkgér jkv `ujd tk[ hdlm ]Cgu hg g kt `kg; kg rkv s w s q , s s , s a s s Syfldf 4kukv re nt¬fe kg; jdyH hHd cv 4j? uiv kvkt ]kgd ulm a w s s s 4g u , Ofd kuki jki l henkv lb 4h;x kg ydæfe kr g; ]kgd u kxky d nt¬fe s s q s s X s s `joæB kld `joæB ukd `e /cl dlm Cgu hg g kt `k_ef skg , , X a a s , s s rNi e /cl dldf `kd ujd rkc cv g k;D utk;i `g hujd k;D hH s w X a a s s , s z , rkc e /cl dlm cr ]Cgu hg g ct 4h;x kg e®[ rkc ]kgd u jhdG lm X a a s , s s 4;yfkc ikv cv 4g rukt u s s T s ]g ruke u eg kd joæB 4g Cgu joæB ]g Cgu ]kgd u kxky d nt¬fe lm T s s , , s X s s `g joæB k;D 4g srkg eyke Sg ukpgi >e jgp , T s w q s s q s s cl dfkykg 4g Sg s;kv tkv xky jln dfk;D ]g krNi ykol hgo jGf Te a T q s s w X wa w ]kr¬kn ]kgd sulm jkv kvg kL[ e nt¬fe go ]k;x go 4kxyp e kr ]g h s s , q \ X wa T s T g jln ct 2g dhO ]xky s; ;x ync ]ukoxH g nko;ü/ ]kgd u jhdG lm s w , s s , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 511 egaP

4g rdl kg jRm hg uhr `g krdl kg jRm k;D kFkp T s s , s , 4g krdl kg Cgu jRm Bkd kFkp 4kukn k; ku ]kg3g rdl kg jRm hg uhr , s s , X s a T s s X e ylv 4kdl yef Cgu jRm kFkp udfsy ]hd ''fkd rgc ukgüm hd ut , s q s X s k[ jRm kFkp 4;kv Cgu lki d jhdG lm jkc hFkp jGf xky d okx lm s , s s , s s a 4g krkt e ]ky jd kjkIiuf er e likv kr g ntke xky wa T s q X s T w , s d gjr kukn e nt¬fe lb ct `g rjWt k;D e phc hjse `kg rkv y k; s X s X , X s s s X D e phc >e 2g Cgu kri kdutf ]n krc kdum g kri kdutf /kv kr ]g X s q , s X s , s s s , Cgu kri kd k/kv jkv g kri kd k/kv er ct ]kyxki ]kgd jkv 4e okx s X , , s X q s , X a lb g kte kLc ukoxH ]kgd jkv Gjr hd 'kdkv Lkt Fkg u jhdG lm , \ , s s\ s `;yfkc ikv cv s s 4g rn jRm kukn eg cv 4g Cgu joæB df kgd jkv s;kOm Fkg u kxky T s s X s , , s X s d nt¬fe /kv jkv g joæB df kgd jkv ;kOm Fkg u kxky d nt¬fe s/kv s s , , , s s X s s 2Cgu k; g joæB ]ykol hgo jGf ]kr¬kn kgd ulm jkv k;x pgi jhdG go ]j[ , s s s , qa , 4g krkt lG , a n[ henkv jldv e suklG kd kjln df Cgu kri hH g; güm ]jkv 4Tg ; q X a s X w X , s nf Lkr r¬kj cl d sulG ultf df g g; cyre kd jhdG dfk;D 4g ydæf s\ s s a s , X , q e kulkG kd kjhdG df Cgu kri güm udfsy 4g kuy hg klG kd jhdG kr a s X X , s a s s tkv ]kgd sukgüm 4hF hd hjk;r hLc ukgüm 4F jk;'fkg Lc xky d okx ji X , \ s X s s s \ s s a 4g jk;'fkg kt ]g rkt jkg o jkv T s s T s s , 4g yjl kt ]g rkt rht so kgo 4g hrjd ekd kryjl e k;ufn hd ;®l T s T s a , X q 4hrjd Cgu ekd lsuxuVd ]hjk;'fkg e rxt d ;®l 4g kryp ekd sl kry s X s , jl ]l hxnkl kgt ]kryp Cgu ekd l hjk;'fkg kgt ]g hrkt Li hxge r s a s s a , \ a gc e yeke d kthp um hjk;'fkg 2Cgu kri g;3g hrLi hxge hHd7hHd q X s s X s , \ a hjk;'fkg udfsy 4sxkg gj jk;'fkg Lc xky d okx lm 4k;x jkc hjlhr go s X s s s \ s s a 4kxyp e udfsy 4g O> go df g krdl gd hg ul kucf kd jRm lm 4kx wa T , w wa s q s kg O> hg rpæfuf go kr cr ]jRm g k;df jk;r uer ]kgd u jhdG lm s w s , , s q s 4g krkv j , Rm <{®r ;®l cr ]g krn LkN kd O> Sg s;kuc cl henkv ct jkv 4g , s s\ s w q , wa krdl kuc ;®l e df g krkt II eH g; kd henkv ct ]g krkv cr ;®l T , w z , 4g krki kuc Cgu ;®l henkv 4g O , T w > cl ]g ;kuc u henkv kt 6rk0lf jkl d k;ufn ];knil jkl d k;ufqn T s s s a s s q z a s s ]_¬k' jkl d k;ufn Syfhlb 4g krkg Ow> cl ]g krjd jk;r hH kt henkv s s q , s , , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 611 egaP

r cl ; udfsy 4;kt Li h;k[nf jho¬r eg hd llht Sg dIy ji hywl d s s \ X q s f g krdl kg hH g; jkv 4Li Bk[nf <‘Î kvg krktc hjlkc df g krdl , s , s \ q q a , kg hH g; jkv ;kt kg u'n d ukoxH hjk/u/ eg df g krdl kg g; jkv s , X s Z s Z q X , s , 4sx[j hjkt kI‘p hd uikF ji ukoxH kd kui¥ X s s s s d hg huiv eg dr cr ]Sg Syf <kc7"qu/ ]kvg krktc hjlkc3Sgfkp kuk q q q a s g klß ukoxH df xgd eg dr ct 4xX;kt yp rikF kNπb huiv jiM d s X s s s s s ;®l eg dr cr ]Sgfkp kukg klß ;®l df g kNπb g; hjkeg dr ct 4g s , , kt ]g rdl ukt Cgu hgo eg dr cr ]kg Nd df g rgkp eg dr ct 4k s T s s q T s s g df g rgkp eg kt ]sxgj rjd ''fkd hd u[n hgo eg dr cr 4g kt T s s X s s s s , s ]srdl [n Cgu eg dr cr 4hrdl Om Cgu [kv hjkeg Gjr hd ;®l dr s a cr ];kt kg u rDe llb eg dr ct df g hjWt kuy ukt rkc hygi g; X s q s , s 2g Sg /kc kd suiv l kFkg hg suiv eg3Rpf kvg k/c e gxkjkd T q s a s s X q a X 1 4g , hrkg kNπb hd uki kd LtiV d ukl ji ]g krkg ue kd uLkr kr kd Lti s s s s \ s s s , s s s\ s s s \ V d gky dfk;D 4g krkt kg dkujr[ jkv d¥fc ]g kd ukl go df krkt k s s s X , s , , s s s g Cgu kLtiV ed Syfhlb kLtiV Bkd udfsy 4g rdl kg xy hH hrke7jhg \ \ s T s s s s s Xe L\tiV jkv g rdl kg hH d ukl LtiV 4g jH hrke7jhg Lc e k_¬k' u s , T s s s s s s \ T s s s s \ X X b jkv g d ukl Lc _¬k' ; 4krdl kg Cgu Syf jkeg ;®l3g xky /ac Xe , T s s s s \ s s s T s s k_¬k' cl eg ]g xky Sg /ac e knç' ]g xky Sg /c e krk0lf cl eg X T s q s X X T s q s a X X a 4g rkt kg Fel e uLkr skd gxkjkd d krk0l T s s Z X s s\ 1 s X a f kt ]g rkt o ji tk[ hd ;®l df g krgkp kugd g; rkc hygi Syflb s T s s s wa 4krkt Cgu ji tk[ hd ;®l hH hHd go ]g lkoæof Bk s , s d kdltf ]g Ghycf Bkd kdltf 4kryduf Cgu hHd ji k_k; hd uukt go , s s ]g k[j uke ultf 4g k[j uke Cgu hH Nd ukgüm ]Syf d uukt g rdl , s , q s X s s T s kt so ]g jk;r Syf d sujd k_k; o 4g k[j Cgu uke Nd l ygi ukgüm T , s s , q s s s X 4g xky syko utk[ o df hxs;krc hiîp hd jRm dum dfk;D ]kxLi kuyk T s s s s q s X s \ s c >e cr ]Xn u jRm hH Bkd o jxv 4n u jRm hH Bkd jkv ;kt gj ip s q s s X s , X q s o cr ]Ni ykol ct e jkv 4;kt sy >e jkv ;kv xky d okx lm n;k wa w T , X s q , X s s a ' df kgj kr[n gkj e df g k[yf e kFde®kv huiv e nkc u jhdG lm s T , X X s 4kx ;kt kg jRm kvg k[hl go jGf Syf jkgér 4kxs;kt kg jkdc hH go kr j s s q s q s s s Rm go kxMkrc e jxv ]kgd u jhdG lm `xkykc er ct ]xn jRm k;D a T s s s s q s X eg 4kr>l Cgu hg jRm kFkp `;kv ld eg jkc hFkp ]kgd u henkv lm w , X s , , s 4s;kv Cgu so udfy ];kv jkc hFkp o n;k' df g kr[n kr¬kj df kgd u s X , s wa s s lm `kg; kg dQ k;D df kNi l jhdG lm su hldf Xe nkc 4s;kv Cgu o u a s s X w s s dfsy ];kv jGf o n;k' df kgj krjd k{hri jkv kdQ unf rgc jhdG go X s z , q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 711 egaP

4krdl yp Cgu kri kd ;®l cv lm ]k;x /ac l O> kt jkv 4 s s w s , s ;x /c l Ow> eg jGf `k;x yp kri kd uskg ;®l d _¬k' jkv g Cgu kr a s s s , , i kd ;®l `k;x yp kri kd uskg ;®l d rk0lf jkv g Cgu kri kd ;®l s s a , , `kg s u kri kd ;®l kdikv dr ct ]kxyp kri ld `g ;®l _i kd joæB ukd s s s , , q , `jkrov ukd `jdFhr ukd `kxsyp kri ld `g ;®l rk0lf ukd `Cgu , , s , , a , kri kd ;®l kdikv dr ct ]kdikv kxyp kri ld `g ;®l _¬k' kl7ukd s s s s , , , 4g gj yp ji k_k; hd O> ikv ]x;krc pl kd jho¬r T s w s X s ltf ikv jGf `g pl jho¬r hl7ukd df g rdl krc ikv kr kg k[sn u , , T s s s s q >e udfsy 4g pl hl7ukd jho¬r df g rdl krc ikv kr kg k[n >qe `g , , T s s s s s , pl jho¬r hl7ukd df g rdl krc ikv kr ;kt hn [j jho¬r jktg uekl , T s s X X s dikv jkv kg k[n u >e uikv jxv udfy 4g pl jho¬r hl7ukd hje d s , s s s q s s , , s f g rdl gd ikv kr kg k[n hH s>e jkv kg h[n uikv jho¬r hje jxv T s s s s q , s s s s `g ;®l _¬k' kl7ukd df gd ld e dr cr ]kyef Cgu >qe ;®l dr ct , , wa s , T s `g krkg Fv k;D kd ukg hgl d , s Z s s s rk0lf hldf sygi d u'n d ;®l dfk;D 4krdl kg Cgu u'n kd ;®l kdi a s Z s X s Z s kv dr cr ]g kruke hgl rk0lf g; e df g rgd ikv jkv g Sg Ldi wa a T T s , , q s \ kdikv rk0lf hH Bkd dr ct 4g Sg Ldi ]kd BklB gkp ]kd ukeyle g s a s T q s \ s q s kp ]kd ngf gkp ]kd dr¬fku gkp ]kd dr¬fkv gkp 3rk0lf dS Bkd e u w a s s s a s X e dikv dr ct df g hjWt e _l ygi ]tkv kuy [j Xe uk;÷ g; udfy s , X w s s s 2g /c lum eg df g ;x hg yH eg 2Tg jhtt hukji ykl k[ky7k[ky T s a s T s w X a q X X ]kjktg7kjktg 4g hrkt hyp hryp hPhi jn hPhi jhtt 4g rkt je henkv X X T \ \ X a T s 2g srn koy T s Hl kd kIc suiv Ic jGf ]ikc g rkt n kd kIc jhtt 2g krkt kg gke r a s X s s s T s s s X s X a , s s gc kr kd kjhtat kg ;x n nkn7ikc 2g krkt kg gke rgc kr l kjhtt hu q s s X X s s s , s s q s s X a kji jkv 2g krkt kg gke l kjhtt 2g Cgu jk;r kd uk[ jhtt eg udfy q , , s s s X a T , s s s X a s 4kxaMkt yef géqr e jkv kn X T , s s X a k[ jhtt huiv 2g krxke jhtt Glf ]krxke Cgu Nd jkv ;®l 4kxMkt y , a X a Z a q , a ef gér e jkv kn k[ jhtat Glf df g krgd ;®l ]g rkc hd te Lc jkv X q T , s s X Z , , s s \ , 4g jk;r hH kd suk[ jhtt hjkl huiv eg e hjk;r hd suukt d T , s s X a X , s lm jkv 4g jk;r kd suukt lm eg ]kxkg hH kt ]g rgd kt 4Cgu gxkv k , T , s s s s T s s z d rk0lf Bkd ji ke®kv hdutf ]g rdl ukt hg o yod kr kd ;®l ]Cgu a s T s s s s s 4g rkt kg rîkel hg dke dlm d suyef l ;®l kr jGf ]g kry >el ; T s s s , s s s s , s ®l kt kd uîo¬ lb jkv kxkg uîo¬ hg kjkeg g; 4kxkg y[ kd kNπb hg hj s s , s s s keg g; 4kxkg u'Dtki hg kjkeg g; ]kxkg ykt kd kui¥d hjkeg cl g; s s sz s 4Cgu /cl hH kd jn Bkd l ;®l kdub 4hxkg jho¬r hd ue hg jkeg jho¬ a a w s s X X s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 811 egaP

pfjfiv ]kuktuv go ]g jrhH skt Syfhlb n;k' 4g ruql ukd kgo u ]g , T s a T rjd 'i¬ Fkg kgo u ]g hr[sn [akv kgo u udfsy ]g hH jrhH jkr¬of dS s Z a , a , 4g ruql j T s gkc ukd ]g rjd Z'i¬ jgkc Fkg ]g hr[n jgkc [kv 4g jgkc jkr¬of dS T s T s X a , ]ue®kv ;if z

4kxW a d rkc likv ji _l jln e gcl yd jGf `g kvg htkj kd ukg ekyx sl s w s w T q wa q s s s q kFkg hg uiv e k;D kr g ekyqx e jxv jkv `g Cgu kr ekyx dS hH X s T s wa T , wa s q e df jkc7jkc kuNi hg; hH ;el rkl jkv kukt rNi l uiv hg; 4g kr T w s s , s w s s wa jd hji rkc hygi huiv hd tkv Fkl d kuæi Cgüb `hrLi Cgu h;k[nf he w s X z \ kyqx kdikv hHd k;D `Mkt kg rDe e df hrxt Cgu lk;î hlß e k<ki d s a s q T X X z s ikv hHd k;D `Cgu k; g hH [i jkeg df krxy Cgu klß hHd kdikv k;D T a s s 4rki pgi Cgu dr lm xky /c e LtiV udfy 4g rkt kg /çyim jWt o s qa s s a X s \ s T s s s ]g rLm elm jdyk[ kd k[i uiv kt 4rfkH hd 'kdkv y[ g ke®keji T s \ X s s X a s s a s q , 4g krkt kg W' kukv kd ke®keji Iduf d henkv , s q s lm ]Gjr hd 'kdkv sy[ ]g hrkt kg W' huOm Gjr hd 'kdkv [kv hd q T s q X a henkv ltf jkv 4hrdl [j Cgu ekyqx lm rdkr Bkd jGf kr y jd ;r , s s s s jkc dS jkv 4g krkg eüt kd ke®kv hLc hurb kr y kIt lgkl jkc dS , , s \ s s q 4g hrkg kni jrhH rDf' hLc hurb kr y kIt reégf henkv jkc dS jkv , s , \ s s q , 4g , hjWt kun LkN lm kr g Syf Ldi u/c Cgd jxv 4g hjWt kukt kg L[ s s\ s s T \ a , s s \ kr g k;x Oc jxv 4g hjWt kukt kg rpl kr g k;x Oc jxv `g k;x O s , , , s s s , , , c Cgu kr jduke ;®l Nd hH ue kdikv jkv `g h[j kuc Cgu kr jkohn , s q , T s X hH uikv `g Cgu kr nd hH ue kdikv `g Cgu kr ekyx ikv df kukt s , s , T s q Sg rpkl ikv hg kurb tkv udfy 4sxjd rkc ji k_l d uLkr jhtt eg q s s s X X w s s s\ X a 4g krkt skg , uklkv kuLkr lm jGf 4krkg Cgu htkj hHd kd ujd ræknjc Bkd hekyx s\ s s s s s q huiv kr hekyx hje hgj g; df s;kt yp kri jkc dS 4g krkg ydæfe ku s q s , s q kIt reégf Syflb ]hrLi Cgu h;k[nf jhtt 4hrLi hukxy Cgu rdkr rqgc q \ a \ Xe ukIqt reégf kr X;kt Li h;k[nf jhtt jxv df g rkc hd te g; jkv s s \ X a , s , X dl kIt reégf jxv jkv 4ku[n l jkx kd kjhtt hd ue uiv _wl kygi q , s s , s X a s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 911 egaP

`g hgj yp Syf d kgd k_k; g; jkv `s;x kv k;D j , s a , X , kv `;x kv l kgd `eg g ukd df3Cgu kri Nd hH Xeg 4g hH hjkeg rf s s a T , q , F¬f hgo ]hF rfF¬f kt hd jkguik' udfy 4g rdl lg hH eg ji jkgusik' s s Œ s T s a Œ `g k , ri eg k;D udfy `g k;x kv k;D jkv `g k;x kv l kgd `g ukd go d X s , X , , s a , , f Cgu kri hH g; ltf ]g yxki henkv df kxkg k>el u hyke hg rpæfuf s , s s 2k rkg jRm kdlb lki je ]'kd 2kg rNi hH er hg; jkv `g k;x kv sld s s s s s w q , wa , jkv `g k;x kv l kgd jkv `g ukd e df3l jH hxntf g kgj Ni sl ui , wa s a , wa , T s a wa w s v e kr hg; ]h;x kg rchle hLc ]kgd ulm jkv kxy ulg rgc jkgusik' T s s q \ s , s a q Œ `kg; s;x kv l kgd jkv `kg; g ;x kv ld jkv `ikv g ukd df kgd a s a , a T s s , , T , jkv hd tkokv jddIi kd sykH uiv l jkt ulm 4g yxki k>el u hyke , s s s s s , s 2kF kgj jd rkc l jkt7jkt go 2kF u hH Bkd kjln 2kF kgj jd Xrkc h X s s s s w g l uiv jdkg L[ sphu d {o dS jkguik' dfk;D 4g krLi eyke hH y s s s s \ s 1 s Œ X , \ w xki go ]g k;kv l? henkv kt df kvg d' hH g; lm hHr jkv `g ukd , q s q s , , , df hd ''fkd hd u[n l jwn 4k;x su[n jdkOm kykH kuiv jkv uIyky s s s s s , s huiv hyke 4kF k;x pgi kphxc hg hn¥t jkv kF k>ym e uæi hldf ]kF qa , X z kdl Cgu kl jH rkj go 4hF jn rgc e sukg gcl hHv ]xkg tc hg uhr s s q X s q s X s Bkd hHv 4k;x sue? e phxc dS rkj dS go 4jkguik' kF djkpof dS s w X s s Œ 2g kr , kt rhc uoht kji g; rpfjfiv l uiv 4hryef jc[ Bkd huiv u ]hrye w s s s f /ax Bkd u huiv eg jkv g krkt rhc uoht 4hygi g; g rHnv udfy s X , , s , q s 4jrhH d ;o¬ g jk} kygi kd jnfe d ;®l Syf s a , a s lb jkv 4g qncV kd ;o¬ go 4g rdl kg I‘ofi hH jrhH eg kgt ]kd o®r , , a T s s z a ¬fv g ncV dS Glf 4rdl jd Cgu 'oi jrhH dum ji ]g rdl ukt hg , q Z s s z s T s s l jgkc eg kdcl jkv 4g 'oi kjkeg kgt ]g hgo 4erIduf g hgo dfk;D s , , s z a , , X 4g jrhH d ;o¬ oHuv kygi kd ;®l , s a q `g krdl ukt k;D jkv go , , ]kg krukt u hg kd suiv kt e tk[ hd ;®l jkv ]rki ukt Cgu kd uiv s s s X s , s s s s X kt e tk[ hd ;®l jkv 2rki ukt Cgu hg kd uiv ]g rukt kdcl kt eg s , s s s T s s s 4g hr[n kdcl kt ]hrki , s s s [n Cgu hg kd suiv [kv 4jdLkN kd ;o¬ Glf ]g hr[n Nd cl [kv 4 s s a s\ s a Z , s q a g Cgu hH kjt hjn kgo dfk;D ]kxLi Cgu Bk[nf hg kd a;o¬ e 4g jwn sl>qe , w a X wa \ s T T dfk;D ]g gj Li Bk[nf >e ikv 4Sgfkp kylkG ]Sgfkp hjn Syf sd u[sn X T s \ s q w s 2g krkt iNf go ]g Iduf kt 4g krkt Li Bk[nf go ]g jn kt 4krL , , s , \ , w s i Cgu hg Bk[nf eg df g Iduf urb go df hH Syflb k; 4g krkt gj r \ X , s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 021 egaP

2kd ;®l kxtk[ u jrhH Bkd 2g eg kgt ]Cgu hHd kgo jkv xtk[ e k s s s s T a a , s X s X X rk0lf ]sxtk[ e knç' ]sxLdi kd k<jp d kvQx ]xtk[ e k_¬k' eg jkv a X s X X X \ s X s X q s X s X X , 4d ;®l s g L\x ukt[ Cgo ]g kukg kjkeg kt ]g o®r¬fv kjkeg kgt ]g sL[ kgt eg T s s , s s , a T \ a 2gj krxke [hH jdkyG Fkg jgkc jH hxntf Te wa a , a jkv kg L\x ukt[ Cgo ]g kL[ e kgt ]kgj kg Cgu kr hH Fkl je hg kl , X s s wa \ T a s s s s ß Cgd df k;kv Cgu hH yk;[ g; kd henkv hldf jGf e okx lm udfy s X a s 4kF yx ki ydycf hjk[Hf sxy ugd jkv ]sxy ulg xky jkl d okx cr jkv 4kF q s , s a s s s a , kOc go kgt ]h[n Cgu jdnk[ gxt go hHd ]s;kyG Fkg Gjr cl u hjk[ , a s s , s Hf lm udfy 2F Sg jH ukt[ rgc ]kF kvg kLx u/ rgc gxt lm ]kg s s q s s q q \ q j krxke [hH jdOc ji gxt ltf hjk[Hf go 4k;kv kgo hH Ikel n[ 4k a , a z q ;x kg kØdb kgo jxu kjkl ];x gj ukjg cl o ]hnk[ uhet ukgüm hg slt s a s , s s s X , 4s;kt hy jd Gkl jdnk[ hH hÈef hd uhet hLkF 4g hn jd hnx h s s\ , a H uhet e k"o lhr jdOc ji uhet lb u hjk[Hf lb ]kgd u kxky Cgüd X ˜ , s s X s f hHr ]F gj kt y jdkOm kd 'ky hdlm jkv s;nf dG urc IG7II sdl s s s s , X Z s w s w m ]hn kxy xkv e kLFhp dlm u kxky 4Bg rke hdlm jGf ]kgj krxke X X \ s s X s q , a [hH jdOc ji r¬jkp lm hjk[Hf go dr k"o lhri7lhr 4k;x kg kØdb k , s , ˜ T s a go ]hF hLi 'ky kgt ]hd hjk[Hf lb okx kjkl jkv k;x kg ;pækv kLc u \ a a , s Z \ dfy 4hF u rkc hd ;pækv Bkd ]kukt je kd hjk[Hf lm Xe okx lm 4g k s Z s a , rje Bkd hg tkj 4h;x kg q;®e hd hjk[Hf dS e huk/tkj dS ]g kuql uTe s s s 1 X , s 4g hrdl kg rkK hg l uyp Gjr hd jrhH kr , s s s s /çfyim hd ;®l 4g hrkt kg rkK rkc Mkyp7ekd knk;† l knk;† 4krkg T s X s s Cgu /çyim hH hHd ;®l llm ]g hgj yp tk[ ]g hgj yp k_k; kt jgkc s , s , s 4g Gjr hd jrhH k_k; hd ;®l 4g Cgu Gjr hd jgkc k_k; hd ;®l , , 4g kuk , s g kd a;o¬ uæi knk;† lcl kd e/ 4g Cgu joæB uæi hnk;ufc lcl kd e/ z s Z , z q s Z `g ukd kr ]g 2wag ukd e3df krNi Cgu hH B wa , s wa , T w kd uæi dS n;k' 4g rNi uæi urdf jkv xky urdf eyke u `g {ke3 s z T s w z s , s s w , s Tg rNi xky urdf eyke u `g joæB3g rNi xky urdf eyke u sl eeg s w s s w , T s w s s w X 4krdl kt Cgu Gjr hd ;®l Bkd kucf dlm 4g <jp ;koufv e k'nf hd uukt d ;®l ]kuukt kd ;o¬ s s , Z X s s s a `g krdl , ukt ld kd kvygi jkv d ;®l go ]g ukd e df krukt Cgu hH g; kt s , s X q , s wa , T s jkv 2g ukd e3g rpfjfiv hg l uiv eg df g g; rkc hd ;pækv sLc , wa , T , s s , Z \ s lcl jkv 2g rpfjfiv cl ]Cgu rpfjfi eg o®r hjWt hH Bkd kd uoht , , X s
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044 fo 121 egaP

4dl pgi u henkv kgt ]kvkrc gxt hlß Bkd >e 4xn [j s qa a s s s q s X <jp kgo dufkKo jkv sx;ki rhc Cgu hH <{ ]Cgu kri gér ]kgd u joæB a , , X X q s 4;kt Oc ji kjkr7nkp ]kgd u hldf 4xX;kt pgi dufkKo kgo hn¥t ]Cgu X , X a s s qa , a kri gér ]kgd u joæB X q s 4;bkt iNf e Bkjgx sphu yhe pki e jxklkge dGflfi ]kgd u hldf 4hx s X a X , s ;kt kg W' rchle hje jkv sxX;kt pgi kgo xky d eku hjygf jkv xtVu s s q q s , qa a s s s , s r n¥t rgc ]Cgu kri gér ]kgd u joæB 4X;kt Oc ji hIkp jd'hjkx hd q X q s , s a , ;ykegf ikv ]kgd u krosn hldf 4;k>l r¬kj l rgc u kvkron dlm jkv s s q s s q s X s s , `;ki tk[ u >e hen s s s q kv df Mkt iNf kgd e 4g hjWt rgc kukt pc >e l henkv lb 4kxwadl a a T , q s q s Oc l rfk' u ]kxdl kl u e cv 4kxgj krjd Xr;kd'f jdkg L[ ji tk , s a wa s T s s s \ s ojn je I? lhckp henkv g; df g krxy s>e klß jkv g k;x Li e rch s s s a , , q , wa \ X lqe rgc e jdkuc kd henkv ]kgd jkv k;kyc kd kvkron jkl ulm jkv q T s , q s X s s s , 2k;x kg uk'sji rgc go hg rkuc kd henkv kr 4k;kuc kd henkv jkv h;k s q s s s s , uc k;ufqn su ukoxH ]sue g kul 4g hrkv nk; >e hukgd hl7hIkN jkv dS T , q , s q s , 4g sukt[ d ;®l kt ]xX;kt kg / T s s s s çyim ukt[ so cr jkv 4g L[ eg kgt ]g kunk[ kd uhet lm 4g kunk[ s , T s \ a , s s , s s lm3g ku[hl l hldf u ]g kuxke u ]g kuPi lm u3jrhH jkeg g ;®l , s , a , \ s s , 4xPi l jgkc g s X \ s o ]sxPi eg hH kt dfk;D ]krdl kt kukt Cgu jdPi ;®l 4g rxke l jg X \ s X \ T s a s kc go ]g rxke eg hH kt 4g r[hl l jgkc go ]g r[hl eg hH kt dfk T s a s T s s T s s X ;D ]krdl Cgu hH k[lf Bkd ;®l 4krdl yef Cgu hH jk/m ;®l 4hrdl s yef Cgu [hH Bkd hd ;®l 4kx;kt yef Cgu l uxke l jkv hldf Syflb s s s s a s , 4g jrhH d ;o¬ kr g ;®l , s a s , 4g hjWt husy >el rkc hygi hd _l jln Syflb 2rki jd Cg , w s w s u /çyim lm Syflb ]g rkt kg rîkel rtk[7rtk[ hg jgkc cl eg jkv s T s s s s s s , 4kxyef hg jrhH s suiv ]kxsyef hHd hH gütf jkv g kyef jrhH uiv ]g kyef hH ct ;®l X , , s , 4g kryef jrhH suiv ]kryef Cgu lki d hldf kr3yef kd I¬b , s s s s k∂ gkp jkv 4g kryef jrhH uiv kryef Cgu lki d hldf kr3yef kd j s , , s s s s s hokge gkp jkv 4g kryef jrhH suiv ]kryef Cgu lki d jkv hldf kr3y s , , s , s s ef kd 0c gkp 4g eg kgt ]g kryef Cgo cr ]g kryef hH ct ;®l jkv s q s T a , , , 4g n[ go kgt ]g go kgt ]kxjd Cgu jdGf kgo Bkd hHd u , q a , a s a s dfy ]lki d 0c Bkd ]lki d jhokge Bkd ]e ycfbkc Bskd ]e ukjd Bkd s s q s s s X X q s
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4g gj [sn jgkc eg Syflb 4g jgkc go ]g /çfyim kt 4g krdl kt k;k T s , , s , i jgkc go ]g kuki hH kt 4g kryef jgkc go ]g kryef hH kt df ,g yk; , s , , s [ g; eg df g gj [n Syflb eg hH jgkc 4g gj [n jgkc cl eg jkv X T s s T s s , `g rdl [n ld jrhH eg dr cr ]g T s s s , T rgj r[n jgkc eg dr ct hg dofkHko¬ 4hrdl kt Cgu Gjr hd jrhH s s s ]I‘fn hrdIH Gjr hd jgkc 4g hrdl kt Gjr hd jrhH hHr ]s;kt kg rD 1 , s qe l jgkc jtu hjkeg ct 4X;kt kg rDe l jgkc eg ct ]g krdl kt hH s s q s , r uk;÷ ji lb ]g kukg jrhH kt g;3g ke®kv ]g xbhc kt g; ]g kukg j , s s , , a s , s rhH kt g; 4g krkv Gjr hd jgkc l jrhH Nd7cl 4krkt Cgu hH Nd G s , s q q jr hd jrhH l jgkc ]krkg Cgu kIym 4g hrkg rlfdof jkv g hryG jkv s s T s , T , s hd jgkc l jrhH thp hjkl 4g jkv hd jgkc l jrhH rfx hjkl hd uoht s X , s s 4g rkt kg uhyof jGf jkv g rLdlf j T s s , T s q\ Gf 4g ryG ]g rkg Idi l Cgo 4g iNf e thc hldf ]e ukd hldf jrhH T s , T s s z s T s X X s s uiv hH eg 4jdkg kLc3g kryG jskv cl l Cgo 2g kiNf Cgd Cgo ]g t s s \ , , s , , hc kd ukg jrhH kt go ]hH g; ]kd rxt jkl g jkr¬of kLc kurb skt g; s s s s , \ 2g kiNf e k<ki d thc sl , X X z s s s IkN lm ]g k;x kg Idi {o kLc kurb kt g; 4g kiNf Cgd Cgo udfy 2 , s z 1 \ s , s kryef Cgu Cgd {o elm kr LkG7Lkr kd thc lm 2e thc l IkN lm ` 1 X s X s\ X s\ s X s s s g kgd ke®kv hd {o lb `k;x kv l kgd ]jd ekJof xky kjktg phu d , a 1 s a X s X s s ltf {o kLc kurb jkv k/ki g; df kpkl uikv hHd 4g krkt kg kLc k/k 1 \ , , s s , s \ , i ]g ryduf Ri ]g kryduf jdv dS kr g rn kc e uhet eg thc dS T s s , q a s T s s s X 4g kOc ;®l kgt ]g gxt hgo ] , , a , g lkokv hgo ]g jnfe hgo 6g kukg jrhH kt go ]g lujub kt go ]g jr , , a , s s , s s , hH kt go df g jRm hg dS kr `;®l g kgd df Ni jxv Bkd `g kgd s , s , a s w s , a lkokv kd ;®l df Ni jxv Bkd `g kgd jnfe kd ;®l df Ni jxv Bkd s w s , a a s w s 4g krkt dwp hH l ;®l go ]g krkt dp kt sl gxt , s , w s lm jkv 2g rkt dp eg gxt dS Syflb jkv g Cgu <je¬ Bkd kdlm , T s w , , s Xeg 4g Nd hH jrhH df Cgu hg kri eg n;k' 4g jk} dS hH jrhH df Cg , q X , u hg kri eg n;k' 4g Zxke dS hH jrhH df Cgu hg kri kdlm eg n;k' X , X 2rLi Cgu hHd ji jkeg kgo ]g k'nf hd uskg s \ , s a , s jrhH d n[ kt go ]g u'e;kL kt kd ukg jrhH d n[ go 2krkt Cgu s q s , X s s s s q go kgo ]g krkt dp gxt dS 2g krkt gxt cl henkv jdLkN gxt dS a , w , s\ 2krkt Cgu hHd kgo ]henkv hg e pl jkv 4k;x Oc jrhH d henkv a X , , s go jkv hy uke rkc go u joæB jkv 2kxs;kt Cgu hHd kgo henkv ];kt , s , a X iNf hg jrhH d henkv ikv df kgd e ukd d joæB u kron Pc dS jGf s X s s s s w\
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b 4g krLi Bk[nf jgkc cl ]g krLi ewyke Nd7cl jgkc 2g jgkc ]Cgu d , \ , \ q , f g yk;[ g; Cgd e ue jkeg udfy 4g hrdl kg W' k_k; Gjr hd jr , X s s , s q hH hjkeg kr ;kt kg I‘i¬ e ue l iW I‘i¬ rgc g; 4g jrhH ;®l kd u s s s X s q , oht 4knil hd ;®l g Cgu jgkc df g krgkp kun jkt ji _l jln Syflb a , wa s s w s w 2k;ki knl l iW nkoijuf ukgüm ]ktk[ jrhH ukgütf 2k;ki Cgu Nd s s X s s X q hHd l iW nkoijuf ukgüm ]ktk[ jgkc ukgütf 4g Cgu nkoiv hH dS Bk s s X s s X , s d dr tkv e rxt d e/ 4g rdl yef nkoiv ]g rgd lbkl eg sltf ] X s Z T s T s a e ukKof jkv 4kg rkg u u'îlDS ]kg rkg u nkoiv akgt ]g krkg Fv kd X , X s s s X s s , s Z ukKof dfk;D 4g krgd lbkl ehzil ]g krgd ukKof eji kd e/ Te Syflb X aw a q wa s Z 2kyef Cgu >e jkv ktk[ j s q , s rhH sue df kgd Cgu hH su dS l eum ]ktk[ jrhH ukgütf j,kv 4k;x ye T s X s s X f jgkc >e jkv ktk[ sue df ji hoƒi dr tkv kgd Cgu u henkv hH dS s q , s T 1 s 4g hrkt kg k'kjuf k'kv jkv g krkt dp uoht ]kx , s , , w s ;kt yef Nd jgkc df g hrPc k'kv 4kdl ki u hH Nd Bkd hHd jgkc 4 q , \ q s s X x;kt gj hyk[ hH Fkg dcl eg 2g rkt gj hyk[ hH Fkg d jndlf 2;x s T s s a s gj hyk[ Fkg ]k;ki Cgu jH Fkg hH jdtk[ cl jgkc ]jdLkn jH hxntf s ,\ a 4g hyk[ hH F T kg d jndlf df y [n xky jkl dfkr ]g krgkp Syflb e ]kgd u jndlf s a X s s s wa T s a `klß kg k;D rgkp ]xy uNi _ef s X s s s w 4gj dIy jgkc Fkg je df g krgkp hg; e udfy ]kgd u jnadlf `g X s s s wa T s s T s[n dIy jgkc d ñFv hHd Fkg `kg rjd rkc hd uiyxki ld ]kNi u s s s s s s , w s k_ef cr 4kun ugj dIy jgkc Fkg je kr yduf ct ñFv hje df kF kgd X s s s s s s s s s X l k_ef uiv ygi d uje su jndlf df kyp kri kd kxky rkg7rkg >kl s s s s a s X s s s s s a 2kxy uNi hg; henkv jg jGf ` s w Tg Sg dIy k;D jgkc Fkg df krkt Li Bk[nf kr kd hldf 4F Sg ;kxy q s X \ s s s q s k/d e ñFv Ikel Lc7Lc 4F s;kv rfikul Lc ]F s;kv Ikel kjktg 4hF ñ a X z s \ s \ s s s \ s z X Fv hd jndlf g; ]hrkt kg yH df hF u ñFv hd xe[Hf Bkd g; udfy a s w s a s s `h;x skg yH Bkd Fkl d ñFv hd w s s jndlf lb 2F ;x [n Cgu Sg dIy jgkc sd ñFv Fkg d hldf hHd dfk; a s s s s q s s X D `g Sg dIy k;D Fkg jgkc d ñFv hd jndlf df xy uNi xky 2sF Sg T q s X s a s s w s q dIy Fkg kukn jgkc d ñFv hdlm 4;x gj ukjg jd[n xky kr hyduf s X s s s , s s s ñFv hdlm e huk/tkj ltf jkv kje unf ltf jndlf kg kul uikv n;k' X , a s q s 4Cgu pgi Cgd hHd o 4g sLk s qa s T ,\ n F;ø yko uLkn jgkc 4g k[n F;ø su kyko u[n jgkc 4kyef Cgu Nd hH Z s s ,\ , s Z X s s q d kd hldf jgkc df ;kt kg I‘i¬ g; eg ct ]g rdl [n hHr eg jrhH s s s X T s s
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kIkN 4g krkt kg kLc nukv go jkv g krkt Li kIkN nukv kjkl kd rx s , s \ a , , \ s a t jkl g; ]krkg Cgu kIkN nukv kr g krkg eüt kd nukv ct jrhH jkv s s s a s , s a , 4g hrkt kg hLc kLhi jkv g krkt kg kIkN rxt kjkl g; 4hrkt gj Cgu , s \ \ , , s s hIkN kLhi kr g hrkg kLhi jrhH ct jkv 4g krkt kg kLc ei jkv g krkt s \ s , s \ , , s \ zs , , kg kIkN rxt kjkl g; kr g krkg Idi ei jrhH ct 4krkt gj Cgu kl7 s s s , s z zs kIkN cr ]g krkg Idi e uoht d hldf ct ]g ei kl7kIkN kt jrhH jkv s , s z X s , zs s s , 4g rkc hd oHuv cl o udfsy 4g hH kLhi ]g hH nn ]g hH o T X q s , \ , Z , Hquv jrhH ]g hH jkpof jrhH ]g hH ei jrhH df g rukt eg hH jGf 2 , , zs T s kgj g; df krdl [n Cgu hH e ]n LkN ∂Gf hd jln hldf 4ei kgj g; s T wa s\ s w zs df g krdl k[nf kd hldf jdykduf kd ei d jrhH uiv e hg u jkv 4C wa s s zs s s T , gu hryef thp hl,t ei Bkd kr ]kgo g r[sn ]g rIkN7srIkd rgc eg kd zs s s a T s T s a q s ;nÔ df kxgd dufkKo udfy 4g krkg hH ei jrhH df g rukt cl eg s , s , s zs T s 4g rkg jkp T s s of df g rukt cl eg udfsy 4g Cgu hg rkg jkpof df kxLi kuuke kr Xj T s T s s s \ s d Ytf hg hd u[n eg jkv 4g kdl kt k[sn Cgu jdykduf jgkc kd jkpo s s , , s f hH dS dr tkv 4xXyef Cgu hH Cgd jkpof ]hxyef k;Lfku ]hxyef lu s X a \ X X kr ;kt k[n jd Ihi7Ikd kd jlf jxv jkv g ryp jkpof jrhH dcl eg s s s s , T s s 4Zn n go g g; df krdl [n Cgu hH n[ e jdykduf l Cgd nn go hH kr , s q T s Z s wa Ihi ]Ikd Fkg uiv e jxv jkv 4kgj g; nn go df krdl krc Cgu hH j aw s T , Z dykduf kd nn lb e jkv 4krdl k>el Cgu hH kr aWd ;kim [ky e 4g s Z T , s T , kgj kg kld nn go df krdl k>el Cgu kd jln hldf e kr kg kgj kg s , Z s s w T s s s Z X nn e Fkg je jxv 4g hrdl kt hukt hg sl oHuv yod kt ]g thp Nd s s T q s s T X q 4Cgu kr ¬kj Bkd d oHuv kucf udfy 2Cgu hH kehl kr hd jrhH ]g hH kehl kr s s q s s , s hd jgkc 4g krdl kg yk;[ hHr ]jd oHuv 4g krdl kg /kc hHr ]g kr , s X q , s s , dl kg <je¬ hHr ]sx;kt 2g kLc kurb ]e IkN lm X;kt kel jgkc ruv ] s X , \ X s s a jgkc df kxyp kri unf lm ]sx;kt unf ltf 4g kIkN jrhH df g krLi e s X , s , \ w yke eg Syflb ];x Cgu jrhH eg dfp jkv 4g Cgu kd IkN ykol udfy X s wa , , s s s 2Xe gxt hl7hIkN ]g krdl kg k;D jrhH df g krkg kni eH g; hg <jkd d s , s , s , z s jkr¬of Lc lb 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf hH Nd kr jrhH 4kvg kyG uhgrv ]g s \ \ q s q , a , krLi Bk[nf jgkc cl 4g jgkc ]e jkr¬of ruv lb g hH kt `g krdl skg \ , X a , s , k;D jrhH dikv ]jrhH je df3kukg kd jrhH g krLi eyke kIkN kurb s s s s , \ w s `kxkg k;D jrhH kr g krLi eyke cl jgkc 2k s s , \ w xkg k;D jrhH ]g krxy df jgkc kd rxt g krLi Bk[nf jkr¬of kLc kur s , , \ \

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4h;x kg kni h>elku j,kv syp eg suk>el 4h;x kg ydæfe hLc kr g; s , s q \ s kgd ukgüm jkv Syf dkO l jlf Fkg uiv u k_ef d /av lm s X , X s s s X s s 2g krkg /n gjr hd , s w Fkg Sg Le df k;x >el ydycf e 4g krkg kld /n df k;x >el e q s q\ q T , s , w T kxy ugd jkv kxy supku l h'[ go jGf ]kjG Fkg ji Fkg u henkv lm s , s q s s 4g hrkg unjx hd yxc gjr hlb ]g k , s s q , vg kd> ykLl Fkg kje gjr ltf 4kjG ji Fkg je kgd jkv k;x y lki q q , q s s s s s , s s s a d /v lm Fkg kuiv jkv k;kv lki go 4kxkg kgj jkn>el rgc _ef dS , s q 4g krkg k;D kyxc df dl >el Te sll , s q wa tf ]kykduf chdjr Bkd df kgd u _ef lm `g krdl kt k;k>el sld xaj s s s , , s lb ]g k/v henkv g; 4h;x kg ydæfe rgc kr g; df kgd u k_ef dlm , a s q q s s X s `g k;D kyxc g , q ; df kvk>el s>e er kr cv `g k;D nGl g; df h;x kg hL[ ydæfe h s q q s , s s \ q jlhr jkv `g k;D kyqxc df h;x kg hL[ ydæfe hjln jkv `g k;D /n d , , s \ q w , , w f g gxt huiv ydæfe hygi hje 4Cn jd hL[ ydæfe jkv kr uer 4,g k; , q s \ X q , s s q D nGl g; df Cgu kri hH g; >e 4g rkg k;D [i d yxc df Cgu kri h s s q T s s a s s q H g; >e 2nGl gjr hd k[i d syxc df kg rgd er cv `g krkg k;D s q s X a s q s s q , s /n df Cgu kri hH g; >e ]kvk>c re k;yfgi kxy ugd henkv k/v go w s q s q a s s a 4zH' ydycf ]g krkg nGl gjr hd k[i d yxc ]nGl gjr h q q , s s X a s s q s d syxc go `g k[sn kyqxc 2/wn ]sxy ugd _ef o `/n g krkg kld ]kvk> q , s s w , s , s el Nd >e e /cl d /n ]kxy sugd henkv k/v go 4g thp Bg huc sl q s q X a a s w a , q /n g; df kgd su k_ef `g k;D g; ]g kuc l gkd g; ]g I‘nfko¬ rgc w X , , s s , q ]g kgj k[ e kt g; df kxy suNi _ef k/v go jGf 4F s;kuc UkO‘ef I‘n wa T s w a s fko¬ ]kF k;df jkd®l rgc ]kF k;df rxko¬ kdlm rgc7rgc u k_ef 4kF q q q s X ukege j? d k_ef uiv ]henkv k/v dS ]henkv dS df F rgd <‘Îekj s s X s a s s 4hrkg Cgu kni >el ]s;kt kg kni h>elku l kFx jkeg 4kryp s , s , s X za s Cgu kri Nd lm hH kr n [j uekl dlm Fx sLc7Lc [yf ji 'kdi 4g q s s X s s za \ s \ s z , k;D 'kdi df g krdl yp Cgu kri lm hH kr jd ''fkd hd uk>el [ z , s s X s s ky eg kd /v jkv kg u kri Bkd kd 'kdi ltf ]g rfkH hd s/v lm eg s s a , s s z s T a a 4k;kOm Cgu hg end Bkd sueg e k'nf lm 4Cgu kri Bkd eg kdlm u s X s X dfy 2rN Cgu kd krIkjof hdlm hH rxt rauv d gjr lb ]g rukt eg s s w s s T s s kd rxt ltf df g krkt kg Ikjof kurb ]kLc kurb ;®l go unf lm ]g , s \ , krkg oHuv kdlm unf ltf ]g gj jd rkc eg hd ;®l ltf d jrhH jkv s q T s s , 4k s g oHuv eg kdlm ]g kt jrhH ct ]g krdl yp kri hHr kukg kLc jkv q X , s , s \ ,
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044 fo 621 egaP

`kxLi Bk[nf ld go ]g Cgu kt ]krLi Cgu Bk[nf s \ s , , s \ hH kd hldf ]krLi Bk[nf Cgu hH gér `kg rjd rkc hd 'kdi k;D kd u s \ X q s s X z X s s jd 0lf k/v s>e dgku df g krgd jkv g krlg g; cr jkv 4krkg Cgu a q , , , a , s k/v go kr kg kri hg kd u[sn nf; kd henkv /v dfk;D `g k;D ku[sn g a s s s s s a X , ; df g krgd henkv k/v g; cr 4g krdl kt k[n kr lm 6g ufo÷ hdl , a , s s s , m u 6lko u ]g hrdl kt hy /axl u ]g krdl kt kvN u kd 'kdi df g , q , q s z T rgd eg ct udfsy 4y y lko hdlm kr e 'kdi jkgér kg /xl 4y uql s wa s s X z s q s a q wa ufo÷ hdlm e ]kd 'kdi jkgér kvkrc 4g krdl [n jdy nko¬ ]g krdl T s z s q s wa s s wa [n jdN e df g krgd g; 4g s;kv y kd _ef lb Syflb ]xdl k>el s w T , T s s s X ikv n;k' df kpkl sueg kr okx g ;kv ikv df kgd l 0c u k_ef um s s a T s s q s X 4kxkg Cgu 'kd s i `kg r[n uîo¬ k;D `kg rjd rkc hd F;ø k;D ]kd 'kdi uiv rki ky z s s s X s s X Z X s z s s Cgu ]g krgd jkv g krlg henkv k/v go jGf jkv 4g <kei kd ukg hg , , , a a , , z s s kuwN 4g Cgu df g kruke ]krki N Cgu kdutf 4g o df g kruke ]g kry , , w s T s , , s N kdutf 4g krukt hg jdwN kd kthp go ]krgd Cgu kr ryx go jkv 4g w s , s X s , aw krgkp ku[n jdwN kd 'kdi e df g krgd go 4Syf dlm g 'i¬ rcl s s z T , s , Z w kd o®r¬fv ]kd ukg 4g Z'i¬ kr¬kj kd ukpgi hd uoht dlm 4g krukt hg s s , s , jdwN kd kthp kr henkv k/v udfy 4krdl kt k[n Cgu jdN 'kdi cv s X s a s s w z 4way [n jdN kjt e ]kvky ]g kgd 4kd s w T s , a s 'kdi jkgér g krgkp ku[n jdN e df g krgd leg henkv g; 4g 'kd z s q wa s w T , s , i df rki jd Cgu 0lf ji ]g 'kdi df g rukt eg 4g Cgu 'kdzi ]g kr z s , z T s , , gd g; 4g krjd jkdb henkv g; 4g 'kdi df n k>el kd _ef lb df x , a , z X s s y ugd jkv s;ky Ldi kd henkv /v xky Nd 4F ukege 0c e oakx dS s , \ s s a s q s s q X 4n krc eg go ]kg ukpgi jkv Ldi hdutf df kvg Fv g; kd u X X s , \ q Z s krc jkv 4Sgfkp hukg ukpgi jkv Ldi Bkd hjkeg l jrhH df kvg g; ZF , s , \ s s q v kd suukt 4g krdl kt kukt ]krdl kt Cgu k;krc hHd kd ;®l Syflb , s 4g krdl kt l jgkc k'eg k;krc jkv 4g krdl kt l jrhH kukt udfy , s s , , s s 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd ]g Cgu ykol Bkd kd ukrc kr Xgüm ]g , s , s s s T srukt kt jkv 4g hrkt kg kn,i u>ym jkv l ukrc güm ]g rukt Cgu kt s , , s , s s X T s s 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd sukrc güm ]rukt Cgu kt jkv 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd , s X s s , s s ukrc güm ]g rukt kt 4g hg; u>ym hLc lcl e uoht3g u>ym hg; X T s s , \ s X , 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hH hd ukrc jGf 4g krdl kt k;krc l jgkc kr g krkg kld xj d s s , s s , s , a f kg krukt l jrhH jxv k/v 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd ukrc l jgkc slm ] s s a , s s s krukt Cgu l jrhH kt 4g krkg kld xj df g ydæfe rgc kukrc kd s/v s s , s , a , q q s a
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 721 egaP

4Cgu hukK ]g krn kuc rLf , s i kd henkv ukK 4g krkv l jgkc ukK jkv g krkv l jrhH kuukt ]kuy a s , s , , s s >el g; 4g jrv e tsyku jkv xbku df kuy >el g; 4g jrv e ukK j , a X , a s s , a X ,kv uukt 4g krkv l jrhH go ]krdl yef Cgu e ckrdf hldf kuukt kd s , s X 'kdi udfsy 4kx;kt yef e kckrdf Bg h[yf e ;"of d 'kdi kr ukK Xe z s X X q X s z s /cl d 'kdi 4g hrkv l jgkc tyku jkv g hrkv l jrhH xbku 4g kr a a s z , s s , , s a s , kv l jgkc k'eg go ]g rgd ukK eg ltf jkv 4g krkv l jrhH k'eg k s s T s s , , s s uukt udfsy ]g krdl kt kukt df g hjWt kuy >el g; e _l jlwn hHv , , s X w s 4sxjd rkc e _l jlhr gcl yd g; ]g krdl kg ld jkpim X X w s q , s s , kd [kv go 4g krdl kg jkpim kd [kv 4g hrdl kg kl®dfpf udfy 4y a , s a , s s X [hl xky jkv s;kt k;nf k[lf kgt ]krkg Cgu yd¬ Bkd kd ;®l Syfhlb s , a s w s 4hrkg Cgu xu◊y Bkd hd ;®l 4krdl kt Cgu k;k[lf ]krdl kt Cgu k[hl s s 4krdl kt Cgu kuke ]kd ;®l g krdl kt kukt s , 4krki ukt Cgu hHd e jkv krkt gj hg T , k/v e ]hrkt kg e®[ rkc jkv kry uke e 4hF u rjWt Bkd hd tkyb a T s , s T s n;k' kr krsy uke rkc hdum e jxv 4kLi kukojd tkyb kje güm kr huk s T \ s X s e Cgu 4huke Cgu rkc hdum ue 4krkt Li e hryx kr kry uke rkc hdu s T \ X s s m e jxv jkv `g krdl kt k;k>el ld kd henkv /v dfk;D 4F rk>e T , , s , s s a X s s l kt ]hF hg hdum kr hF hryx 4hF u hryx Bkd hje ]kgd u henkv lm s s s s s 2F r>el Cgu er kr ]F rk>el gér o ygi ]kgd u 0qc udfy s s q s s s X q s s s s 4g go ]g kgj [n Te ]g krdl , wa s , kt k[n kd 'kdi 4g krLi Bk[nf hH s>e cv 4n LkN rkc hukji ikv df s s z , \ q X s\ X q kxy sugd henkv go 4dl ul ufo÷ hdlm e dfkr ]lm kvkrc ]kgd u 0 wa q T s s s c kr 4krdl kt k;yf Cgu hH nko¬ kdlm ]jd u dkte ikv df kxy ugd q s X s henkv go 4g krgkp kuy nko¬ kdlm e ]kgd u 0c kr 4krdl kt kukt wa s T s q s Cgu jdN go Cgu df kxy ugd jkv kxy sulg henkv k/v go 4g krgkp k w s , a a wa u[n jdN e `g kgd kvk[nf jdN ]kgd u 0c udfy 4g 'kdi df kxy s w T , a s w s q s , z ugd jkv kLi jxf e k<jp dum ]k;kv lki d 0c kvg krpku henkv go s , \ X X s s q q 4h;x Id l xk;i d uhge gN kt s s z s s s ]hF hykt Bkd ji [kv hdlm 4k;x k;kt sy lki d |o kd henkv /av lm s a s , s s 4krdl Li Cgu dG Bkd hH kr X;k>el 0c [ \ Z s s q ky 4Cgu ygi dlb ]kxdl ukt hg unf lm ]l jrhH kxdl [n g; unf l s s s s s s tf 4dl [n g; dfkr ]kvkojd tkyb kd [kv hdlb 4g rjWt hd jkpim s s s a , s lb ]g Cgu krd;æokv hd 'nim lb 4kvkt y lki d |o hldf lb 4g C , s s s s s , s , gu rjWt hd ukt y lki d djkpof hldf lb df kxgd ler e 4hxkg h> s s s s wa s q T s elku ku>el lb e k'nf lb dfk;D ]kxMk>el Cgu lb e df kgd u 0c s X X a s T s q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 821 egaP

gd jddkO Fkg l jlf suiv su rLfai lm `g kyc k;D g; 2_¬k'7"rfk;† ] s s , s kgd u ky¥e `kg rukt _¬k'7"rfk;† ]kgd u rLfi lm jGf xkv jwn hLkF s q s s s s a s s\ 4kg h;x hyp ]g dhO kr g rgd ikv ]kgd u ky¥qe s , s T s s ` g krdl ukt k;D jkv go krukt Cgu r<fx henkv kt dfk;D 4h;x hyp j , , s X kdc ydycf hxntf kukv jkp hjr ]h;x jkdc hxntf hjr 2krukt Cgu hH s q a s s a s r<fx `g krkg kld r<fx ]g krNi ][e jv ]kgd u rLfi lm `g krkg k , s , , w Z w s s a , s l,d r<fx 2r<fx ]kgd su ky¥e lm `kg rukt r<fx ky¥qe ]kNi l ky¥e q s s w s q ulm e hnu phc 4kF kgj kt jki jdkg jkol ji oku rLfi kLc kd okx u s X s a \ a nf dS 4l kxky kF kry ji oku kli kn 4kF krjd ekd kd ukyp oku e s X s s , s s X okx l7IkN dS go 4kF jhdG dS uhYQlu ky¥e 4rkc g; hxskg huql uikv a s s s q s `kg krk[lf u kuj,r s kt ]kd ukK lm utk;i k;D 3kg krkt kv u kujr l uukt Xe /acl ltf s s z s , s s a `Fv k;D kd suukt e /cl d sujr df kxgd go ]g krukt kujr kt dfk Z X a a s , s , , s X ;D 4g hd hLkd kn ]hd ywtGf cl so ]g hrkt hukt rkc hH kt ]e /cal d T ,\ s T X s X a s ;®l kt go dfk;D 4hxs;kt kg hL[ hueæn phc d k;efnkv yko uukt e s X s \ q s X s s X /cl d ;®l jkv henkv kyko suukt kd ;®l df kxkg g; jldv 4x;kt k a a s , s s s X s g ueæqn dum syko uukt e /cl d ;®l jldv ]g rukt kd ;®l kt jkv s s X a a s T s s s , 4l ydæfe g xky LkF rgc o ]g rukt kd ;®l kt ud s q T s s s\ q s T s s s fy 4g e k;ufn hjkl jkrd hcay hd krLfi um ]g rukt kt e /cl d ;® s T X q X X a T s s X a a s l 4g Cgu kuukt kd ;®l go udfy ]g krdl kt kukt kr e /cl sd ;®l , s , s X a a 4g rkc dS ImkcS xbku ]kuukt e /cl d uj,r , a s X a a s s `e /cl d ujr g krdl kg k;D uk;“k;ø udfy 4kxs;kt jr go 4n krc X a a s s , , s s , X jdnd eg kr kg huki `n ld uk;“k;ø ]kxgd go 4e /cl d ujr kn uk; w s s X s , s X a a s s , s “k;ø dS df kgd llm udfsy 4kjr jkv kvkt nd hH er ]g rjr j,kv g s s s , , s w q T s , T srkt nd eg 4g krdl kt kjr lc df gd Nd go 4dl krc u hH Nd e w , , s q s q X /cl d ujr go ]kg krukt kujr kt df g krdl kg hH g; ]gj uk;÷ jkv a a s s , s , s , s s , 4g rkc xyv ydycf kuukt kujr 4g Cgu , q , , kuukt kujr ]kuukt e /cl d sujr 4krdl Cgu jr ]g krdl jd cl jkv , X a a s , , , , henkv go dfk;D 4kun n re kdD/ e huki hH l yH kd henkv lm ud X s s X s w s fy 4y jd ~hL ~pS ~hi e /cl d ujr ]dl n uk;“k;ø ]dl [yf ckrdf s s X a a s s , s s s hH n[ e /acl d ujr 4sy ukt cl ]g k;x kgd hH hHd kt e /cal d u q X a s s , , s X a s s jr 6y ukt cl go ]g k[yf hH kt e /cl d ujr 4s;kt kg rLfi kd ;" , s , s X a a s s , s a of sd sujr ]y Pi ckrdf kjktg ]e /cl d ujr y Pi ckrdf henkv dS , s \ X X X a a s s , s \ X 4l uukt hg d n[ ]l suukt g krdl uc henkv hukK s s s q s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 921 egaP

2g rukt eg df g rk>el l knç' Sg s;kjgn u T s T s s X q q m jkv g rgj rkjgkn kd knç' ]g ry jd F¬Od kd knç' 2g hryp kti , T s s s s X T s s a s X , w hd knç' 2g ruke jWt joæB kd knç' udfsy ]ruke Cgu hHd kLk? eg kd X T s s X s s\ s Xknç' 4g rkg nç' Glf ]krdl kg Cgu ;®l e _¬k' hldf jkv 4kg ;®l Xe T s s Z s X , s ltf ]g krdl kg _¬k' go _¬k'e/ dfk;D 4g Cgu _¬k'e/ _¬k' Bkd 4g , s Z X , Z s T gj kt y ji jlf eg jdykHl skd k_¬k'e/ df g krgd henkv dS udfy s s a X Z , s 2Cgu knk;† l jhdy Bg hpC[ ji txkd jkd nç' s q s s ]Cgu hH Nd e knç' 4g Cgu ji kvg kxy kd joæB ji kvg kxy kd nç' q X X , , q s , q s 2k;x xy ji kd joæB df g rkt kLc? kr g krkt xy ji e ckr , s T s \ s , , X df h[yf7joæB 2kg krjd hjkol ji Lk? Sg [yf Bkd df lt 2joæB g kv s s s\ q s s s , , g k[yf elm dfk;D 2g rjd jkd¬eu kdlm eg ]joæB g kvg k[yf Xe c q X X T s s , q krdf dS 2g k;yf uke ;®l hg kd knç' ueg e tk[ hd ;®l udfy 4ru , s X s X s s s ke Cgu ;®l kd knç' hHd eg e cklgf ekv d hxntf 4g ry uke kLk? k s X X s a T s s s\ s d nç' eg u 4g rjd Cgu hjkol ji lm udfy ]kLk? g kvg k[yf hH e T s s s\ , q X 'kdnç' 4g rjd hjkol ji hlm ]g kvg k/c e ycr¬v kLk? kt 4rjd Cg s T s , q a X s\ s s u hjkol jiM dlm jd>el kLk? eg kdlm ]kLk? g kvg k[yf e 'kdk" s s\ s s\ , q X s kH 4rjd Cgu yH hlß e hxntf eg 4krkg Cgu hH Nd e knç' ydv jkv s w X a s q X X s s , 4x;ki ukt Cgu hH Nd s X q ikv d knç' ;kolf `sxy ukt k;D llb ikv ]g klo joæB ]g klß joæB s X X s , , , g krdl gd jdkv henkv Bkd `kxyp kri k;D llb kdikv ]g klo ]g , s s s s , , , klß ;®l df g krdl gd likv jdkv henkv Bkd 4s;kt kg W' hukg k_k; , s s s q s hjkeg e k'nf lm kr ;kt kg I‘i¬ g; ]rdl Cgu hH ukt eg 4rukt Cgu X s s s s s s kd ;®l ]g rukt hg e /cl go ]g rukt eg Nd hH kt l jgkc udfy T s X a a T s q s s s 4g Cgu cyre Bkd kd uukt Xe , s s /cl d ;®l ]g cyre Nd kr kd sukg L[ uekl d ;®l 4g Cgu kd ;¥ a a s , q s s s \ s s , we rgc hldf go ]kuukt e /cl d kthp ]g ImkcS xbku skt g; e hxntf q X a a s X , a s X a 4h;x kg e®[ hxntf kukv gykl hdikv s a s cv 4g chjd d sucL oku cv ]g kgj kt e jkv 4g krkv >e kujr udfy , s w wa T , , s q , s ]g krkv >e "rfk;† u ]krkv Cgu s>e r<fx 4g krkt jdnd e 4h;x kg , s q s q wa w T s jkdc hxntf ukv gykl g; hdikv ]kgd u ky¥e lm 2Cgu ydycf ]kgd u s a s s s q q s ht rLfi `g krkv kujr kdikv ht rLfi ]kgd u ky¥e lm 4hxy ukxex a , , s a s q s L oku ];x j?f ynkc ]C;x j?f k;/fkv jkv k;kv ukGr kd jkt hHr jkv s a a , w s , 4h;x kg jkdc hxnatf kukv Okv hjr `e uoht kxukt k;D jkv go ]kr s s s X s , ukt Cgu hg "rfk;† henkv kt 4h;x jkdc jkv hxntf kukv jkp hjr df k s s s , a s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 031 egaP

4rukt Cgu e /c s X a l ldf jkv kg rukt er e /cl ldf kn [yf3{ke ]ke®kv ]joæB ]kg ku a , s s q X a a s s s Ni gér e /cl ltf jkv kvkt Oc e sukd lb skvkt ]kgd 4kxdl kg kn;k w X q X a a , s , X s s s G Nd gér kr kxWd rkc Nd e /cl lm ]rukt Cgu er e /acl ltf 4h q X q s a q X a a s q X a ;x kg e®[ rkc ]kg hg rukt er dfk;D 4kxWd Cgu rkc Bkd e /cal lm s s s q X a s X a ]kg rukt er kt dfk;D 4kg rukt Cgu kt jkv kg srukt er kt ]kn [y s s q s X s s s , s q s s f er ji lb ygi df kgd jkv k;nf n kdlm txkd kjkd dS u GStfjx q s , s s s s q 4kF rLf i kLc hdli¬kv 4g k;kv uNi Nd likv e df kNi ulm jdkt l GStfj a \ X Œ wa s w q s T w s s x 4kF jhdG kd okx hg ydycf dS GStfjx 4k;x uyef l GStfjx go q a q q s s q 4hF h;x yG 0flfi jkv rfhd hLc hdlm 4hF h;x iN ckrdf hd hd¬i¬kv , z , Z \ X Œ 4rHnv g ckrdf hg uh q T X r s; lc df g rgd xky 4rk0lf kjlhr kd ;®l ]uukxjkv e;hljI ]g h[ T s s a , yf su hd¬i¬kv ckrdf hjlhr jkv 4rk0lf kjln kd ;®l ]uukxjkv eoku X Œ , a w s ]g h[yf ckrdf hjln su udc jGf 4rk0lf kygi kd ;®l g go 4uukxjkv , w s a , eku kd ckrdf lm 4kF duf'kn kd uku; kt ]ckrdf g h[yf u r¬jv d Z w s , s w S 4g ckrdf hg uhr Glf hd syckde dlm e k;ufn df F rgd xky df T X Z q s X q s s s hF hyef kdlm 0flfzi hurb kr e ckrdf dS jkv 4CF hdp kg r'fkdi c s s X , q s z X krdf Bd hd hdlui¬kv dr cr ]kF k;x uyef llm ct 4k;x uyef sllm s Œ s s s hd¬i¬kv 4GStfjx kF jhdG dS 4hd¬usi¬kv kF djkpof rqHnv dS Xe lW X Œ q Œ 4hrdl kg Cgu k_k; g; leg dr cr ]kx;kt yef l jgkc df g s s s s , yk;“ g; eg dr ct 4g rdl jd k_k; hd jrhH jkv g rdl kg rDe X T s , T s s q s l ok>ym d jgkc eg kr s;kt kg Gkl rgc g; 4;®l g krkv l jrhH ]g s s s q , s T rdl kv hg nç' l jgkc 2sNhi g Cgu hH Nd jkv g k;yf jd jkdho¬ hg s s , q , , kd knç' ueg e /cl d ;®l 2g joæB lki d henkv lb df g rxy uu s X s X a a s , s T s s ke eg kr s;kt skg F¬Od nç' joæB udfy 4g kLk? lki dlm df ruke Cg s a s , s\ s s u g; hHd eg kr s;kt kg F¬Od hg kurdf nç' kLk? kd henkv dS udfy s s a s\ s s 4g joæB lki d yko ujd F¬Od kd joæB hg kurm , s s s a s ]g lki dlm kLk? kurtf 4kg k;yf jd F¬Od kLk? ]kg k;yf jd nk; kLk , s s\ s a s\ s s\ ? su hldf l,t ]g joæB hg kurm lki dlm 4g Cgu hH Nd jGf lki dlm s , s , q s ]ky uhN kd knç' 4g lki dlm Lkr7Lkt kd knç' ]xL◊kdjf hd knç' `g s s X , s s\ s\ X X , k;D lki dlm 2g krkt k>el hukK go kr kxy ukjgkn s , s s s Bkd ;k;÷v dum jkv k;x kg F¬Od ukjd ]h;x kg F¬Od krhx jxv udfy s s , s a q s a s 4g; g Cgu <{y kd henkv uke0fc 4kujd F¬Od kd thp hldf g <{ , q a s , y kd henkv uhg0fc ]LifI¬ `kx;kt kg kld hukK Bkd l ujd F¬Od kd q q s s , s s s a s krhx 2g krkt kg hukK go kr g kry jd F¬Od kd krhx jxv henkv dS , s s , s a s
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044 fo 131 egaP

s q X kul rkc hd k;ufkK ]kjd xl®l ]kPi ckrdf df g kgj krkt kgd Xeg hg; X s a s \ X , dr cv 4g Zxke d ukK hg uue ]u;;÷v df F rpkl hg; eg kr dr cv T s s s s s `g k;D Zxke kd uukt jGf `g srdl ukt ld jGf , s T s , 4krkg Cgu /çyim hHd kd ukK ]g krkg e eH d ukK kyk s s , s X z s o su[hl kd knç' 4g rdl ukt Cgu Nd eg hH cr ]gj r[hl kd knç' e s X T s q X s s X g dr keüt ruv ]Cgu eüt dS 4sxdl ukt Cgu Nd eg jd[hl kd knç' X a X q s X hH xkv kr jd[hl kd knç' dl ukt Cgu hH Nd eg dr cv jxv jkv s s s X s q , 4g rkt kg T s s jknokn eg e /cl lm ]Cgu kri hH Nd e /cl ltf 2g hgl kuukt kjse s X a a q X a a , df g krgd kjln 2g hgl kuukt kje df ji uukt g hrkv yduf jkoyr , w , s s T X `g krukt Cgu e df g krdl kg ld g; ]g krjd xl®l ]g kr wa T , s s , wa a wa kt jnfe l unf surb ]g krPi n"ufim l unf urb ]g krPi krhx sl unf a s wa \ s s wa \ surb `krukt Cgu e df g krdl kg ld klß df g krgd hg; jkdgv sl j T , s s , , a rhH dfk;D 4g rkc hd reégf hLc ]krukt Cgu e df kuy >el g; 4g rk X , \ T s , c hd reégf hLc go 4rukt Cgu hH Nd er df g <jp kygi kd ukK g; \ s q q , 4hy u kt uer rkc hygi g; 4kg rukt Cgu hH Nd er df g hy ukt uer rkc s q s s q q , s q hygi ;≈k; suukt dfk;D ]kg rdl ukt Nd er cv jGf ]kgd u GStfjx s X s s q q s q 4krukt Cgu hH Nd e ]g /cl kd u q T , a a s ukt dr kgt kje 4g k;yf >el ukK ue kd hlb ]g Syf [hl nç' sl7rg a s , s T s T q c 4sue g hy jd k_k; hd knç' 4krukt Cgu hH Nd e df g krxy >e jk T , X q T , s q , v 4kvg Cgu hg kL[ hHd sygi g; ]k;x kg kL[ uekl k/hl ykol g; ct q \ s \ s tkv udfy 4g krukt e df kF yk;“ hg; >e dr cv ]kgd u hdli¬kv s wa T s q s X Œ `C[yf ld suer ckrdf o 2g rfhd hLc kr hd kckrdf hjkgér `C[yf sld s , q X s , Z \ s X q , o ]g h[yf ckrdf hLc7hLc dr cv suer kt go df kgd u GStfjx cr s T X \ \ q s s q 4[yf Nd e df hrLi Cgu reégf hje ]kxy Ldi kr g krukt df k wa q T \ s s \ s wa gd llb jxv 4kxn Cgu suxkH g; df k;x kg kni jL >e jd[n kd Xk[kv s s s , s q s s a hjkgér jkv kNi l jkt surb uer udfy 4g krukt e df kF kr>el kr q , w s s s q s wa T s e 4hn jd hL\[ rchle dS suer ]k;kv Cgu hg yk;[ dr tkv >e kr g T q q s q s ; ]kujd ke{ df kgd jkv k;nf n e Fkg d GStfjx txkd kjkd jdIky , s X s q s , 2hLi u reégf hd su[yf nç' dS 4kgj kOc Syf t \ , xkd ]Syf rokn7eyd jH I? 4krukt Cgu ydycf kr kd ke®kv ]g krukt s a q s s wa X a a s e /cl d ke®kv k;kv yk;“ kr `g krukt kd ke®kv 4krukt Cgu ydyc s wa s q f kr kd joæB ]g krukt kr e /cl d joæB k;kv yk;“ kr 4g krukt kd s s wa s X a a s s wa s joæB ]kxy upskl 4k;x Li e ydæfe rgc jkv kOc jdy txkd hdli¬kv s \ X q q , , s X Œ
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044 fo 231 egaP

knç' kt 4g krdl kt kukt u ]g k;x kukt ;®l hHd u jd[hl nç' 4g k X s , , , rdl kt kgd u ]g k;x kgd Cgu ;®l hHd l nç' 4g Cgu ;®l hH hHd n , s T ç' 4g ;®lv knl nç' df y ukt I‘i¬ eg ct ]xkg rDe hHr eg sl ykt T X s X q dum j,kv 4g hjWt kukt kg rDe l ykt d Xknç' e _l jln lb Syflb s , s q s s X w s w 4krkg Cgu s kni kuLe go ]hrkv Cgu xu◊I go ]krLe Cgu Gjr hd jrhH Bkd dr cr , q\ q\ s ]g krdl kt kukt l knç' ]k_¬k' df g yk;“ g; dr ct 4g krdl kt k , s X X , , ukt l jgkc df g yk;“ g; dr ct ]g krukt e df g yk;“ g; dr ct s , wa T , 4g krkt skg W' kukg I‘ofi e k'nf hd ukK d jrhH ;‘ue hg rkg kjkd , q s z X s q s s IN l ukK d jgkc 4g hrkt kg W' huIky Gjr hd jrhH l jgkc [kv h q s s , s q , s a dlm ]krukt Cgu e df g krsy >el g; kt dfk;D 4g rkt y[ Syf dum T , s X T s q s jk} d ukK ]Cgu kri eg df g rn gd df g rkt kg yjl urb kt 4ruk s X T s s T s s s s s t Cgu eg ]g rgd kt 6g krkt IN eH kd ukK kdutf ]g srkg I‘ofi hg T s s , w z T s z o yod e jnfe d ukK df Cgu hg kri gér ]kyxki df kgd u kPc um kr s s X a s X q s s X w\ s 2k;x kg I‘ofi e jnfe d ukK df kg sr s z X a s s gd er jkv g Cgu hukKv kLc l>e ]g kgj gd n[ kr go ]kgd u kxky q , , \ s q , q s s X s 4k;x kg I‘ofi Xe jnfae d ukK rkjd s z s l ]g krkg eyke df kgd jkv hd jgfkt h'[ unf lm u kxky Pc d lXFS q , s w , q s X s s w\ s 4g krukt Cgu wa hH Nd e ]g ydæfe kutk[ hukKv kLc l>e df g krgd e ]g h;x Pc h q T , q s \ s q wa T , \ ji >el ct cv jkv 4k;x kg kog ukK l,o7lo ]hPc >el hje lt7lt d w , s s s , \ s s , s , f kgd ulm 4g lt upkl nç' dlm hPc >el lt7lt 4g krukt e df kF s T s , s s s \ s , s , wa T eH g; s>e cr ]kF ukot e ct 4gd u hukK jdyH >e Bkd df kn gd z q T s w s q s s s lcl kvkt df e lFS hn jd jc[ u rkjdl kr k;x kg kPc ct rkjdql s X X s q s s w\ 4g <jkd d ukK k;ƒef ]<jkd d ukK O> hjn g; ]Cgu , s s s w w <jkd d ukKv hjn g; ]g jn urb l ;®l eg kt g; 4g uk'ji <jkd s w T w s s s , s d tyku kL;¬ ]<jkd d ukK O> ]g Cgu uk'ji <jkd d ukKv k;ufn g; s s s w s s w , s s q 4krkt gj Cgu pc Nd kd uukt cr q s s jkv g krukt e ]g krxy lm 4g hrkt kg BkuOfd g; e eH d ukK udf , wa T , s , s X z s sy 4jd tk[ Bkd hd uukt hHd go n;k' jkv ]krukt Cgu e df g krgj s s s s , T , kri hH g; kr kd hukKv dfk;D 4g dkujr[ knk;† l ukKv eH kd uukt s s X , s z s jkv 4g krkt kg kni jWt eH kd suukt ]kg 4kukt Cgu Nd u hldf hHd , , s , z a q s jdPi kd k_¬k' dr tkv 4kukt Cgu Nd u hldf hHd l xl®l dr tkv \ s X q s s a 4sxkdl ukt Cgu Nd hH jdyH hHd ]kjd xl®l kd k;ufkK hg urd s q w s a X s f jkv kPi ckrdf hg hurdf 4g rkc hO> jlkjl g; 2xky ukt er jkv ] , s \ X , w s s q ,
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044 fo 331 egaP

4kxkg gnl hH n[ dum jrhH ]sxkg nç' Sg [hl lki dum ]kF kNwi y s s a q s X q s s s gi lutf 4hF jkv rkc Nd lki d <‘Îekj 4Cgu k; g hjk;r hd uukt hj s , q s , , s e df kF Cgu hg kpkl g; ue dr hHv dfk;D 4kF krn kd>>f jdLdi kd s s s T X s \ s Xkxky e dr cv 4k;x kg kL[ jdd>>f e kGn hygi df kgd u nukdoof s T s \ T s a s 4krc g; ]Cgu df g kuukt , s>r 4Cgu k; g df n LkN ∂Gf g; 2ykc kr kg kuukt >r ]kgd u <‘Îe q , s s\ s s s s q s kj 4kxMk>el >r e ]kgd Cgu g; u <‘Îekj jkv 4hF u d>>f Bkd kg; a s q T s , s a 2ykc kr kg kuukt >r ]Cgu hH Nd s s s s q q jkv ;kolf dlm ]kgd u <‘Îekj `g joæB df kgd jkv k;yf Ldi kd , s s , , \ s <‘Îekj jdkt l xP hlm 4k;x lki d <‘Îekj nkc d uhge kn do; hg; s a s s s s q 2h;x kg e®[ rkc ]kgd ulm 4hH kOc ]hH kuql s s s , s df gj rkyc "fge 4k;x kyp liko jdnd nukdoof ]henkv go 4k;nf g s s q Z w a s d Nd cl su d>>f hdikv ]h;x kg e®[ rkc ]kgd u nukdoof 4aWd rkc q s s a s e jGf ]kvkt Oc ]kIc df kgd 4;x d>>f kd <{ dS ];x kjc? hH go T s , s s s s 2do; g; g k;x kv jdjr kd huki q , , s rDoc rkj h/kv jkv 2g krkt kNi joæB l hldf jd Ldi unjx 4k;kv Cg s , , w s \ u hHd henkv klsS udfy ]sxkg ;kv lki d –on "fge xky yko uNi rqgc s X s s X s Z s s s w `g joæB ]g krgkp kuukt e d , wa T f sxy suNi nukdoof jkv 4kF kL[ ji stkojn rkj h/kv ]FiFy e huki ]k w a s , \ X F doq; Bskd 4hyk[ [kv ukgüm jdkjc? 4F Oc e uk;÷ o 4hy Ldi unjx s a s X s s , X s \ hd "fge jdkt ]k;nf kdD/ kd jk} 4;x pgi ji jtc e rkj h/kv jdn Z s s qa s X d e huki nukdoof 4F rjd lkouf ji kxx ji jtc dS "fge jkv hF r w X a s s s a s Z , kj hj/v 4;x o lki d Fku–on Z"fge 4hd ;®l ]F e tk[ huiv nukdoof s a s s s X s s X s a s 4krOm Cgu ykol Bkd hHd kd gnl ji lm 4g / s s a , ≈nflv go ]g krkv l uiv ukK kt 4hrdl kg Cgu k0J hHd ji lm 4g a , s s s s , /≈nfl k'eg ]g /≈nfl go ]g k[hl l kjln ukK kt 4krdl kt kuhN Cgu a s , a , s X w s hHd jkv g kuiv hgo ]g krkv l suiv kt 4g krdl kt kuhN go ]g kye , , , s s , , f l kjln kt 4krdl kt Cgu kuhN jGf kd ukK lm dfXk;D 4g ;®l ukK hg s X w s s , o 4g krkt kN ji uoht jkv g krkv l jrhH n[ kt ]hrLi huxke Cgu [ , , , s q s \ a hH hdltf ]dl yef ukK go 4g k[yf e k<ki d a;o¬ kt ]k[yf Cgu e ck s , X X z s s X rdf hldf kt ]dl yef ukK go 4g ntke jrhH kt ]kryef Cgu l hldf h s s , w , s s Hd kt ]Lkjkcuv3dl kt ktk[ ukK go dfkr 6X;kt kg rDe llm ]Lkjkc s s s s s q s s ]jk/m3g kyef l kjln kt ukK ]g LIohI¥d kt ukK ]g kvg k[hl kt ukK , s X w s , s s s , q s 4;kt kg rDe l ukK e tk[ hd ;®l df g _l kjln g; ]rkc hjln g; X s q s X s , w w w 4g Cgu nç' Bkd jrhH ];üw' g jrhH jkv nç' g jgkc dfXk;D 4g T s , , T , krkt kg Wq' kukt jrhH cyre kd ukg rDe l knç' jkv ]g srkg rDqe sl s s s q s X , T s
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044 fo 431 egaP

4g , Cgu ukK Syf je go ]krLi Cgu dG Bkd sllb ]kg hrukt k;ufn go ]kr s s \ Z s s q ukt Cgu e kt 4g krdl kg ukK hgo ]g krukt e kt df kuy ld kd uu T s , s wa T s s s s kt jkl uiv ji hIkld dS lb 4hd uukt lm hxs;kt jxf Ib dS7dS 4kx s s , s s y uhN yk;[ kjkl uæi g; go 4g krukt e df kF yk;[ g; dr cv df z wa T X k;D 4kx;kpgi [n rgc kd jkdgv uæi g; dfk;D 4hH eeuf rgc jkv uæ s qa q q s a z X Z q , i g; g jkOd rgc `g krukt e go ]g krukt e kt df kuNi l uiv g; z , s q wa T wa T s w s s 2g ry uke gkoGv hH e /cal T s s X X a sd ;®l 4g ry uke gkoGv e /cl d k;efnkv eg df g rkc hd te jkv T s s X X a a s X , s , 4g gkoGv ]g jc[ ]g Skupwl T X T X T a 4Cgu tyku ]g u'eGub ]g rkc Bg hje ]jk/m ]hlkc 4g Cgu ukK go kr s , ∆ T X q , s krukt Cgu e jxv 4Cgu xk;im Bkd kdlm kr krukt Cgu e jxv jkv ` T s s s T , g krukt e go `g kje go k;D ]g krukt e hH kt df kukt Sg rNi g; wa T , s wa T s q s w 4g krjd hji e rkc hd tkv jdLs\kN uæ wa w T i dS g; `g kje go ]g ukK hH kt lki je df xX;kt kLkF Sg rpkl kd z , s , s s s s s\ q s s s _l jln lb 4dl kg eüt kd ukK dfkr ];kt IN l ukK 4dl kg /çyim w s w s s X w s s s ukK dofr¬ko dfkr ];kt kg rDe l ukK ]g krgd e e _l jln Syflb X s q s wa T X w s w 4g ;®l df kt ]g hrdl kg tk[ hd uukt lm jGf kr g kO> ukK , s , s s s s s , w klS df s;kt kg I‘i¬ rgc g; 4g Cgu ukK go ]g k;kv l kjln hH kt 4g s s q , , s X w s , Cgu ukK go ]g k;kv l Xknç' hH kt 4g Cgu ukK go ]g k;x k[hl l jgk , s s , , s c hH kt 4g hjWt kuy ukt ukK g; ygi e tk[ hd ukK ]g Cgu k;D ukK s , s s X s , 4g k;D jhg df g krdl kt ktk[ kd kjhg , s , s s X hHr 4g hjWt ygi kuy ukt g; ]g Cgu jhg Ldd ]jF®i `g k;D Ldad ] , s s T s \ a , \ g k;D jF®i df g hjWt kuy ukt g; ygi e tk[ hd rkjgkot7jhg 4n d , , s s X s s s G djd hyk[ hjktrf go 4g jF®i7Ldd go ]g kLdi dr cv ueg kdut X s s , \ a , \ s s f df y ukt go df kxkg g; kr ekd kygi e tk[ hd rkjgkot7jhg `g s s s X s s , krdl tk[ rkjgkot7jhg hHd henkv go ]kg kOc djd nc e hjktrf kd s s s , s a X s s kjF®i7Ldd jkv kg k[j >el rkjgkot7jhg kd jF®i7Ldd u henkv ltf X \ a , s s s \ a s 4krLe Cgu Gjr q\ hd jrhH hHd go ]g krgj kdQ jd>el ukK kd ukK d jgkc kt dfk;D , s s s X 4g hjWt kukt kg rDe l ukK d jgkc sygi dlm ]dl kv go l jrhH 4 , s q s s s s s g krjd rDe kt jkv g /≈nflv kt ]g krkv l jrhH knl ukK klS udfy , q s , , a s , s s s 4Cgu gsn al Bkd elm ]g yoIfcLfub go ]g /≈nflv oHuv ]g d>>fc oHuv 4hr s X , s , a q , s q kg Cgu d>>f lki d oHquv 4F Cgu nç' ]kF oHuv kuiv lki d <‘Îekj s s s q s
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044 fo 531 egaP

hd jxkl aSkog hLO 4hF hrljc hu'kj hd tjl l 'kdkv ]kpgi jkudf – a s w s qa s q el go ct gcl hg gcl 4kF k;x jkudf d –el ofdkge dS ]g kuql uTe q q s s q , s 4 kdl kg Cgu oHl g; dr s a tkv udfsy ]s;kt kg Idi dr ikv ;®l go df g hd SkI‘p hd jkdi rg s z T a s z q c sukgüm ]g kukt kd ;®l sukgütf 4g kryef hg e uke jkv e nç'Auf kt X , s X , X , , X s ]krdl kg Cgu /çyim go lm dr cr ]g krOc jdLdi Bkd kd Xknç' d k s s , , \ s s s X jln Cgüdf dr ct 4g kr[n jgkc dr cr ]g kr[n Gjr hd k_¬k' Bkd w , s , s X s dr ct 4g kr[n jgkc dr cr ]g kr[n Gjr hd kvQx Bkd dr ct jkv , s , s X q s , 4g , Cgu uOfd kusy ki kd ;®l kr n jd nc ku[n Gjr hd jgkc ue jkc dS s s s a s 4g e ;o¬ ]g Iduf ]g lki d ds;®i ]g Cgu jgkc Cgd ;®l , X a , , s z , 4g krkt kg /çyim kd ;®l hg a;o¬ ue kr ;kt g , s s s s j u xxVyDV Bkd ];kt gj u Ldi Bkd hd knç' jiM d ue jkv ];kt skg s s \ s X s , s hyk[ ue jkv ];kt uNf nç' j,kv 4g rdl uhN kd knç' ]nç' udfy 4g , X T s s X s , krdl yef Cgu ;®l l knç' d hldf dfk;D ]kxyef Cgu ;®l l knç' jse s X s X s s X s 4g rkt kg ;≈k; T s s s sun dG jkv F;ø lt dS Ikd kukn ji ukt yduf 4g krdl kt kykduf sl s X , Z s , s a X s s , X a s kIkd d suykc je kd kIkd ub ]g ;®l go df g k;yf >el jkv g [j s s s s X a , , , T s Ldi suikv nç' kt udfsy 4g krdl yef Cgu ;®l llm ]g kgj ykc kt Te \ s , s wa s s 4g rkt kg ;≈sk; d un dG j T s s s s s X , T s kv g rkt kg F;ø l,t dS Ikd kukn ji ukt yduf d Ikd udfy 4g krd s Z s s a X s s s s a s , l kt kykduf kd Ikd Sg sxy l Ikd jln kr kg k;x xy e ji kIkd dS s s a q s s a s w s s X , a 4g krdl yef Cgu ;®l l suykc hH d hldf 4Sgfkp kuy >el l dhO sl , s s s s s b ]kxsyef Cgu ;®l hH l uykc je 4kxdl yef Cgu ;®l hH l suykc jse s s s s s s s s s `g krykc k;D e jGf kr ]g kr wa s X T s , dl yef Cgu l kvQqx ]g krdl yef Cgu l k_¬k' ]g krdl yef Cgu e k s X , s X , X X nç' ;®l df g krgd e df g kNi su _ef dS 4g Ni uæi l7rgc u Xk_ef wa T , w T s w z s q s 4xjd rkc xkv eg j s X s i _l jlhr lm 4g Lüyuv ]k[hluv kt ]g krdl kv ukK go jGf kr 4g w s , Z s , s , k[hl ]g kLdi kdltf ]n ukt kd ukK 4krdl kg Cgu kuyp kr ;kt k;kr , \ s X s s s s s c kr¬kj kd uyp eg jkv sxgj [j ji ji efH hukji eg djd ntf jxv s X , X s , w q s 4g krdl kt k[j ji ji efwH h;u hHr ]g ry kOm ji , , T s s , sl efH hukji 4g hrLi hun LkN hPhl hukji Syf d u[j ji ji hP\hl h;u w q , \ s s\ \ q s s , 4g krdl kt k[j ji ji hPhl h;u kr XLkN eg hPhl dS , , \ s s\ \ 4krdl kg Cgu ekd ji _l jlhr ygi dlm 4g krdl kg xkv ekd ji s w s s s , s s _l jlhr jGf kr g Cgu ukK Syf je go df ;kt kg I‘i¬ g; jxv jkv w s s , s s s s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 631 egaP

kgo unf dS kr Gjr hd jxkl Li Lkn jkv n dG jdjke rky kd hIi jk a s s \ ,\ , s X s s , v 4g kdl pgi Cgu kt ]hF h;x hd ''fkd hd utH Nd df y >el g; , qa s s s s q s jd[n kd hIi lm hl;i go jxv jkv 4g yxki ]xgd eg kr xy upku j s s s zs , , s X s s s d[j ji jlf kd hIi lm hl;i go jxv 4xdl kg Cgu Fel hH hHd nç' s s zs s X s Z 4;ki kg Cgu Fel e ujd hH Nd dr s s Z X s q tkv nç' udfsy ]g hrkg Idi kr k<Qd hdum 2krkv Cgu go ]g krkt gj , s z s , Cgo go ]kF ktH ukgüm kt udfy 6g hrkt pgi k;Ifi ]g rkt pgi nç' ] s s X s s T qa a s T s qa g hrkt pgi ckrdf3ycfbkc jkv ukjd jkv krhx 4g rtH dr eg jdjH T qa X , q , T s s X X s s X e k;Ifi kd knç' o 4n kpgi jc[ hl7hLkF hH dr um ]dr kg; Tg ;ki k s X qa s\ a s v Cgu kt o 4n kpgi jc[ dr um ]g ;x gj Nhi ut;if kt df hxkg hr s s X qa T s s z s s Ldi lk;î g; ]kLhi g; hH e k<ki dum ]ji Ir d ;®l g rkt pgi kt \ \ X X z s s T s qa s 4g kr , kt gj hg Nhi go ]g kukt ji jkudf kt go 4hyk[ jkv jkd g rkt kv n s , s s , s s T s ç' 4Cgu ;kim hH jkv kd utH jdjH e k;Ifi hd knç' kr lm ]g krkg , s s X X s X s s , s oHuv kt jdpgi lki d jxkl d ;®l jkv jkudf d ke®keji jkv 4Cgu q s qa s s , s s , ;kim Bkd kd utH jdjH e k;Ifi lm ]g krLi Bk[nf kt jkudf d –el s s s X X s s , \ s s s q 2kF u hH Nd e hIi lm 4kF jkd/v iîq? kr q X s a s a kgo ]hF gcl Bkd u ]CF Skog hLO u ]CF <jdf hd tjl kr u3kF u hH q s a a X w s Nd jrhH d hIi lm hyk[ hIsi ulm 4h;x pgi hIi ]k;x pgi _i 2g sr q s s s s qa s qa T dl kt tH jdjH ld LdI d gcl e hIi ]Bg hukjg rgc skd hl;zsi lm s s s , s \ q s q X s q , q 4hxk[n jdyk[ kd hIi lb ct hxOm pku 4g krtH s s s s s s wa s lki jkgér kd rfe¬ dS hd Ir d –el hg e kr 6kg jkehc ]dr Ir d s q s 1 s q T s s s –el kg hrdl kv er Cgu 4g krtH lki jkgér kd jrd dS ]kd LdI sl q s q wa s s q s s s s q s s IkN dS jnl d gcl ]kd kvkog Bg hrpku Xe –el ]kd k<jdf hd tjwl qa s q s X q q s X 4g krtH lki jkgér kd L[ l7IkN dS d gcl df k[yf ulm e _i lm wa s s q s a s s s s q s X 4hn tH lki d hl;i huiv jd[j ji jlf d henkv dS hIsi s s zs s jkv h[yf hØpf dS 4k;nf jd nc kykr djd nc e hIi lm kd iW sl7Ik , a s a X s s s s N jnl lm d gcl ]kd kog ]kd k<jdf hd tjl 4kyk[ kd hIi lm jkudf qa s q s s X w s s s s s q s zs s \ d –el l ei Lc jdkv sulm jkv rjlc[ k;kv y hIi dS l jktkc go , w w s s s 4lki d hl;i huiv wan tH jd jH kd LdI l7IkN lb s zs s s s \ q s s s X e hIi lm jkv Mky hIi rjlc[ dS e u k;D ]k;kv yk;“ lm jGf jkv s , a s w w T X s , 2xy ugc wlkv sl s s a X a k[kv hdlm ]kF ofd 4hrkg nwtke kg; hH go e gcl jnl lb tkv ]'kd s , a X q qa ]k;kv yk;[ lm jkv 4hF hLi jkehc e ykri¬v dS skt ]kd hl;zsi huiv s , \ X kxy ukv <je¬ lm ]hF gcl jnl ]kF rkdS 4ji Ir d rj kxy upku s s q qa a s s s hH n[ go e hu'kj lm Bg hrpku ji kjgy hd jxkl 4CF hry[ l kjgy q X s q X s s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 731 egaP

4kg I¬bk∂ llht lt ]kg rxy lß ydycf 6kg s;x uc ydycf ]_ef df s s , s s s q s q kgd l llht jkv 2sxy ujd dkte jkv hy kxy LhH ukgüm 2g krkg eyk s , s , \ s X , s w e kruHfv kd dIku Bkd ]krsuHfv Bkd `g k;x kg kL[ jduc klt llht s s s , s \ , ydycf kt ]g henkv ukd g; `g kvg kL[ jdkuc xP7xj henkv ukd g q s , , , q \ a a , ; ]kgd ukgüm 4Sg ukjg Lc o ]k[sn sL[ kd llht phu d Lk> dS ukgüm s X q , s \ s \ s s s \ s X 4djd hji kuFki hd gcl ]F gj Iky lifko xky l pp 2s;x kg L[ phu s w Z z q s s , s s Z s s \ s s d Lk> dS jdjrm klB e okx d eylQt gcl hd jkoofj unf dS jkv \ X a s s q , 4kxdl kg rxko¬ kje cv 4g k;x di ;el cv 4g k;x kv ; s s s , , el dhO cv 4Mkt e cv df kpkl u llht skr 4g rjd jkpi ji hoƒi hjk a T s s T s z 1 l jdy eku kd llht hlk;ül k[ky `kg u jnfe kd llht kgt ]g gxt h s a X s a a , l7ukd hlß 4g eku kje gxt7gxt 4g jkpi kje gxt7gxt 4g rgfkji jse , , s , z s T s q s Sg s;kdIy lk∂ ]g hjkti je ]g pp je e okx7okx kr cv 4g hruke > q T q s s T Z s s X a a s , s q e uhet h/kv kr cv 4ji uhet Sgfkp kukt >e cv 4kF k;nf kdIy ji s s q hyl >e ukgüm ]F ueæn je xky kt cr 4kF Cgu henkv hH dS kyko uu w s q s X s q s s s s s ke s>e cr udfy ]kF ji hoƒi e ygi "o ))*! df k;kv yk;“ g; kd I q s 1 T s Z s ¬bk∂ llht nkc "o ))*! df g k[yf g; sulm e ckrdf rHnv lm 4ok> Z , X q s kejd lnc g eku kd ckrdf lm 4e lW g h[yf ckrdf dS u hd¬okr¬kn Z z , X , s s s 4g kvg klß `kxs;kt gj k;D lki jkeg jGf kr hxs;kt uNf kr , q s s hx `kg ruhN krhx leg df sxn kcn unx hd <‘Î eg kr xy uuhN krhx s s s X Z s X s jkv ;kt kv hH <‘Î jxv udfy 4y uhN ckrdf leg jdIky kr yp lc , X s X X s , s s kdum jxv 2g ;x dQ Cgo o ]g O,c Sg Syf kd jc[ hjkeg o 4kukt kv T s s T s q s s jkudf jxkl er df hF htH jc[ ueg kd kyxki 3jd[n eg xkg srkj j s q s s s X s X s X s du/ jlf kr sxkg hH Cgd jxv 0c jkv jhokge jkv <‘Î jkv I¬bk∂ jkv q s X q , , , , 2htH jc[ g; u I¬bk∂ l kgt ]rki pgi Cgu s s s a s qa dr jkudf lm jkv g rkt Oc jd[j ji hrkN ]g rkt Oc jd[j ji jlf s , T s , T s , kd ycfbkc 2kg htH jc[ u <‘Î l jkudf ltf ]rki pgi Cgu kgo jkv s s s s s s s qa a , g rgj rpku jd[j ji jlf kd krhx kt ]g gjr hd kyxki um eg udfy T s s s s T X s 4g jxkl kd ;®l kgt ]g kjkudf kd ;®l kgt ]g rkt pg , a , a T s qa i kgo o 6g rkv _¬k' l kgt ]g rkt Lkn Gjr lm kt jddG kd k_¬k' a s T s s a T s ,\ s X s X 4g hrdl pgi jkudf d jxkl , qa s s hH hl;i go hHr jkv 4;ki ky Cgu udfy ]hF hd ''fkd hd uky Nd Xe zs , s s s s q hIi l kgt ]Li Lkn Gjr lm jkv n dG jdjke rky kd hIi ct ]g kr s s a s \ ,\ , X X s s , dl kg hHr g; udfsy 4g ;®u kd kjgy hd jxkl jkv g hrgc Skog hLaO h s , 1 X , T a d gcl jkv g hrpku <jdf hd tjl kgt ]jkudf jxkl hlm3hxs;kt pgi q , T X w a s qa
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 831 egaP

æokv Bkd hdikv 2g rdl ukpgi Cgu e jktkc gér eg 4Cgu rjWt Bkd s T s X X q s hd ukv jkgér 2kg rkt kv jd Iky7Iky lifko er df g rki ket ydæ s s q s s , , q T s fe7kc eg 4xkn jd LcLx cl jGf kr ;kv er 4kg yko ujd L\cLx ukji q s s \ \ s s q s s s \ s q s kr er ]jcjIlLf L¥kv hn jkv ; 4g hy ket gjr hNπv ukdn ueg 4g kg q s w , q s , j yp l dhO ydycf ekd 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd cv hdikv 4rdl ukpgi C s q , s s gu hHd kdikv eg e jktkc udfy 4kF k;x ukpgi kdikv e ]okHukge d s X s s T q f kgd jkv kLi jxf ji kji d llht ]kyk[ ktkojn ]k;kv hjnki rkj h/kv , \ X , s s `kx;kt k;kdIy ji hyl jGf >e k;D 2kF kv s w s q q s g ygi ykl ))*! kt k;x kg W' ekd hgo kr g; ]Sg ukjg rgc kr ll s s q s q , q s ht 2k;x k;nf jd nc e hjOkd dS hd pp jkv k;x k;yf Ldi kd llht a X s Z , \ s 4g gj jd rfkH7hy T s a H eg ekd kdlm cv 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd sukv dlm cv ]g kdp kv jkc s s , q dS llht kjkeg 2g krLi eyke ukr,' Bkd henkv g; ]kgd u hjnki lm , \ w s s `g krkt k;kdIy e yx Cgd lk∂ ]g , X s , krkt k;kdIy henkv ji lk∂ jkv `e k;ufn g Sg lk∂ Cgd d ukl 2kF , X q T q s s s Sg ;kdIy lk∂ kd sukl hjnki jkv hF hyl hd hLdy go ]kF k;x k;kdI q s s , w \ y ji hyl ltf kd llht df jc[ k;D kd llht udfy 4kg Sg s;kdIy l w s s s s q k∂ kje ji syx uiv kr er 2kg gj ukpgi Cgu >e hH er ]kgd u llht s s s q s s s q q s 4kjkrm phu lb `g kvg kL[ s s s , q \ a kg; henkv 'kenc ukd g; ]kgd jkv k[n jdkOm jiM jlf u hjnki jkv , , s s , 4xjd oHuv rufkeiv s X q rgc eg kr Cgd rkc hd gjr lb uekl d hjnki jxv ]ip ]kgd u kxky q s X s s q s X s 2Cgu hH r[n Gjr hje ]kg rwN ji dlm ]g krkx rhx je kt ]g s s s s s , s , s s s , yked kLc 4g ctx kLc ]kgd u llht 2sxy uN ji xky d hjnki2g rN \ , \ s s w , s s T s w ji xky jd d>7dq> dum ]g hjkti kt yko ujd k// jkv kti hd ukox , s q s T q s s s a , w H jkv 2g rkLm dkte henkv kr ;kt kv ukoxH e k;ufn3g kvg hg klß , T s \ s s X q , q 2 s xy suN ji jd d>7d> d hjnki xky hg o ]F gj kLm dkte xky kt hd w , q q s s s s s \ s s llht kr k;kv hjnki 4g krkx rhx hg je ek'7gcl kt ]kxy ukpgi >e s , s s q s s s q kr hjnki kje udfy ]Cgu tg Bkd ]rukpgi Cgu xky ]kgd u llht udfy s s s Z s s s s s 4kvkt xkH ]hx;kt kg kti rfkH7hyH hjkgér d s s s w a q f kgd ukgüm 4sxy ulg c[ cl so 4skg rjd kuFki gcl er hdltf ]wag hg s X s a w s Z z q q o e ]Cgu rukpgi s>e er `hjnki kje df k; hjnki kjkgér ]kgd u llht T s q q s q s 4sxkvkt Li e rchle kr kxy [n jxv ]g krkv hj s \ X q s s s , nki kjkeg ]kvkt xkH 4kg s;x kg yxki Lc df kgd jkv kdG krt u hld s s s s \ , X w s f ]kdG jF®i u hldf 4sxy ulg xky 4g hgo e 2g k;x uc ]kgd u llht X s s a s wa T wa s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 931 egaP

4g krdl Ldi kd n[ hgo ]g krn LkN kt kdcl , \ s q , s s\ s s 4g krkt kg kL[ jdLdi kd n[ jd , s \ \ s q LkN skdcl kt ]g jkndg kd ugd henkv kd uiv henkv hgo df g krgkp s\ s , s s s wa kugd e jkv 4rgkp kukg Cgu L[ ji kji uiv n[ eg 4Sgfkp Bkd u Bk T , s s s \ X , s q s s d kd suLdi eg udfsy 2sxy Ldi kd h/kx jkv xy jd kni kd h/kx eg s \ X X \ s a , s X , s a kr g ;x Li jwn LkF ekj jkv <‘Î ]g s;x IN sLkF 0c jkv jhokge jxv s T s \ s s\ , T w s\ q , 2kNhi Cgu rLkN eg udfy 2g ry jd k s s\ s T s s ni ;u eg kr g rkt IN henkv ukji jxv jkv 4g k;nf kuc ekyx eg u , s s T s w s q , , q X s rnkv lb ]hd uy Ldi kd k;rDf;ø ]kd knç' kt3g rnkv hjkeg kt g; s s \ s X s X s , s 4;kt u IN Cgd ];kt u xkH Cgd 4g henkv kjk;î rgc df g ry Ldi sl s w s , q T s s \ X s kjkt jkv lm eg ]kuLdi re eg df gd leg kt ]eg g xky chtv sLc , s \ X s s s T s \ 2kujd re kti hje df kF kgd u 0c jkv 4g ak;r√we w s s q , T jktg ln hd 0c elm 2jnfe kyko k;r√e jktg ln ]g jnfe dS e uhp q X a X w , a X 2g k;r√e hd 0 T a w c jktg ln7ln e jnfe dS7dS 2k;x kg r√e hg cyre kd 0c df Cuc q X a s w q a k;r√e hurb hd 0c 4g k;x kg r√e hg cyre kd 0c 4g iW kvg kLxcf w q , s w q , q \ hg kd 0c nç' rc kr e nm 2Cgu hd henkv jln hldf hurtf ]g k;r√e q q s X wZ s w T a w hurb hd 0c ydv 2Cgu hd henkv jln hldf hurm ]g k;r√e hurtf hd q s s s w T a w 0c ji uhet tkv 4kukuc re r√e hje df l kv{Hf uiv kF kgd u 0c q w s s X q s s q 2g ry Ldi kd Cgüm eg ]g rkv Syf d ukLN eg kt df hH hd T s s \ s T s s s q\ X s ;≈kHn ]g rkc hd [n Lc g; 4g krki jd k_k; hd ;®l ]g krki jd k_k; Z q , q s \ , , hd qHi ue hyk[ hgo ]g ue hyk[ l knç' kt go jkv 4hH l knç' sje j z , s X s , s X s , kv s;x kg rDe hH l knç' um ikv 4h;x kg e®[ rkc kr y pC[ sl knç' s q s X s s wa X s uiv kd knç' Sg Hqp e ue dikv e jxv 4X;kt kg F;ø Ikd kukn jGf s X q s X s T s Z s a X s jkv sy ykduf kd Ikd Bkd lt l Ikd 4Syf d uuhN nç' likv ]Cgu Sy , s s a s s , s s a s s s f d sun kdikv 4way uhN nç' likv df Syflb ZGlf `g kgj ykc Syfldf s s s s wa s e jGf 4krkg Cgu hHd hH e knç' d hldf 4kxkg Cgu hH e knç' sje ;®l T s X X s s X X s 4g /çfyim hd ;®l kgo ]g rkt k[ jkpof cl kgt ]e uke ]e nç'Auf , a T s s a X , X 4g rkt k[ nç' cl kgt ]g krkg /çyim kgo k T s s a wa s a s r e dfk;D 4kukt dQ re jdLdi kd knç' df g kgd g; ucl um ]g sOc T X \ s X , s T , eg jdLdi kd knç' dutf jkv 4g rgkp kun kLN ckrdf leg cl o d \ s X s , T s s q\ X s s f Cgu kri eg ]g Oc eg jdLdi kd kckrdf hdutf 4xjd hg; ukeyle X T s , \ s X s X q Fkl d neégke jkv sxjd hg; ngf Fkl d <‘Î jkv xjd hg; u,t Fkl d s s , X w a s , s X s jhokge jkv 4kxkg hg; hH Fkl d jhokge jkv kxkg hg; hH Fkl d <‘Î , s s , s s 2kF k;x k;df ygi ykl ))*! s s kt ]kxLi kujd jkgo;ø Cgo eg ]kujd ke{ kr hd LcLx jkv 2Cgu krd; s \ X s \ \ ,
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044 fo 041 egaP

jln sygi 2g krsy Ldi kd neégke kr kg kjkdIN l I¬bk∂ 2g kry Ldi s w , \ s s s s q s , s \ kd I¬bk∂ kr kg rDe l 0c 2g krsy Ldi kd 0c kr kg rDe l ekj Bkd s s s q s q , \ s q s s q s s 2g hrgj e;kd hekyx ]g rkt , q T s ync dyfke 2g hrgj hjkt hekyx hd henkv jkv g hrkt kg refuf ak;r√we , q , T s Z h;u jkv krki kg Cgu kjkdIN l k;r√e hukji 4k;nf jd W' kuLdi u kx , s q s X w q q \ s X s s ky kdlm jkv g hgj uc r√e h;u dS cv df g krxy >e dfk;D 4g krL , , w , s q X , i kukg jkOd >e hH rfi dum ]Cgu hg Gky[f dum 4g krgd hH Gky[f \ s s s q z s s wa d jhokge jkv 0c ]g krgd hH Gky[f d ekj ]g krgd hH Gky[f sd h/ s , q wa s wa akx Syflb ]g ;x Li e Lkn hd uLdi kd h/kx ikv udfy `g utk;i k; T s \ X ,\ s \ s a s , s z D >e l ugd Gky[f d h/kx 4g rkg kni cr ]g hrjd k;pæir uhet d s q s s s a T s s , , Z r k"o kjktg henkv l,t h/kx `g utk;i k;D l ugd Gky[f d h/kx >qe ˜ X s a , s z s s s a s `N d g krgd Gky[f d h/kx k;D e df g kNi u k_ef jkv Nd e /cal hlb q wa s a X T , w s X , q X a 4krkg Cgu s hjkd/fv kd 'soi e jnfe d ke®keji hH hHd henkv go ]krdl ki Cgu z X a s kd uiv kt jkv 4g oHlv kuki kd uiv dr cr ]kg Ldi güm dr ct s s s , , a s s s s \ X dfk;D ]kn LkN ]g krgd 4g Cgu Bkjc Bkd hje lum kr kn LkN güm df X s s\ wa , q s s s s s s\ X g krgd e ct `g hrdl kg hueæn k;D l kxky jk;î urb `g hrdl kg wa T , s q s X s s s , s hueæn k;D lum 4g Cgu hueæn Bkd hje lum ]g krgd kd uLkN e kdut q s , q s s s wa s s s\ T s f 4g Cgu hueæn Bkd lum hje kr kn LkN güm df g krgd g; e ct jkv , q s s s s s s\ X wa T , 4g kvg kiNf lki d henkv jg e iW thc go ]g krkg Idi hH kt , q s X , s z s 4lki d h/kx hldf ]lki d jhokge hldf ]lki d 0c s a s s q hldf ]lki d ekj hldf3kg kvg hHd Idi lki hH d hldf kt ]e kFv S s s q z s s X ˜ g iNf g cl go lki d a;o¬ 4g k;nf kd jkv hldf kt ]g k;nf cl go u q s , s , s , s , s ke®keji lki d ;o¬ 4g krjd k0Jv ji ;o¬ go s a , a ]g krjd k0J ji kjln kt 4Cgu e/ k0J ji kjln ]g e/ k0J ji ;o¬ , X w s Z X w , Z a `kx;kt ye s f k;D lm kr ;kt Oc jdLdi kd k„pf Sg uc ji y/ hd 0c jkv jhokg s s s , \ s X q s w q , e go ]Cgu kri Nd hg kuiv ]Cgu xkjl Bkd kuiv ltf `kx;ki jd e ' q q s s s X o k;D kd kjln go ]g Cgu 'o Bkd ji uiv kdltf `kx;ki ld Ldi kd s X w , s s s s , \ s s w jln go ]g krki Ldi Cgu hg kd uiv henkv kt df g rkc hd te jkv , \ s s s , s , 4g krLdi Cgu hH kd hldf henkv go ]g ukok0J rfi d n[ rDf;ø kt , \ s , z s q s 4g hruc k0J rfi d kjln hgo ]g k0Jv kt rfi d n[ 4g , z s X w , s z s q , krgkp kujd oHuv rcte jdLdi kd kjln kurm go ]g krki jkted k q w \ s X w , s urtf kd n[ 4kg ukok0Jv rfi uiv kt ]g krLdi hgo kd kjln 4g Cgu s q s z s s , \ s X w , k0J Bkd ji ;o¬ ]ji suiv hdlm ]g krLdi kd kjln kt ]gj uk;÷ jkv s a , \ s X w s s ,
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044 fo 141 egaP

ikv ];'kge df l henkv Pc Sg Oc ji Ls\k? lm ]g krNi hg kd ukoxH s s w\ q s , s , w s jdkt go 4Cgu hH Bkd e k;ufqn jkv kydv l ukoxH dfk;D 4xkg ukox s X , s s X s X H g; ]kg u kg df g krgd henkv kvg kryp go kr 4ydv ydycf ]g g s s , q s s s q T s j kv yp jdOc ji Lk? hg ikv suiv g; 2Cgu hH Bkd Fkl dutf `g uk s , s s\ s s T , d ;'kge ; df g krkg ukjg go 4g Cgu hH Bkd Fkl dlm 4g kgj kv ky s , s , , s s , p ]sydv henkv kl7kPc dS ji Lk? l7Pc dS cr ]g kgj n Cgu uk;÷ ji s w\ s s\ s s w\ , s r¬kj Bkd ]g kxy uL\tm kr¬kj ]g s;x kg chjd d ukt xky jkl ct jkv s s , s T s s s s s , `sxXyduf cd o 2syduf Cgu ukoxH dr hHv df g s , krpkl henkv go jGf 4g krkt kg kIkUl e r¬kj jh/7jh/ jGf ]g hrkt s , s X s s s , rhc rkj h/kv 4g ryduf xky yko suuke kdum jkv g ryduf xky hyk' T s s s s , T s s kegfe surdf eyke u jkv l;'f;©ud jkv _¬Fjt jkv jhokge jkv 0c w , w , q , , q jkv I¬bk∂ jkv 2xky yko suuke dum jkv g sryduf hH <‘Î hg slo jGf , , s s s , T , 4g Nhi d T s s um xky yko suuke d ekj jkv g ekj s; ]Cgu ukoxH s; Cgu ]kgd u hldf s s s , T s `g ukoxH hg; k;D ]g krN T , i go 4g rDf;ø hyk'kegfe rgc dS jkol ji Fj jkv g lyt kjln jGf w , q , , w q w 4k;x yduf lyt go 4g xky yko uuke kdum Nhi w q T s s s s s s dum jkv g neégke rjtg ; ]g Cgu ukoxH ; ]Cgu ]kgd u hldf kr `g , T s s , s s s T ukoxH hg so ]g jkol ji Lk? kt k;D ]g krNi l kxky jdd> go 2yd T s s\ s , w s X s q s uf xky k[ky Fkl dlm ]henkv jknuk' rgc dS ]jkol ji Lk? dS jGf s X s q s s\ 4k;x kg kL[ s \ e LhH hd kd'n k[ky jkudf d r¬kj hH go 4k;x kv xo¬ e ji dke Nπ X \ X Z X s s s Z T s , s v ]g unf7eüt kd ukoxH tkv 4k;x yef kdke g; 4F ujd u'n sl kunf , , s s Z X rgc d ukoxH ]je ;≈kHkl Lc ]kgd ulm kr 4g kgj kt k;kue klyt kd q s s s , s \ s s , lm 4g unf7eüt kd ukoxH df kgd su henkv hldf sryp r¬kj d LhH kr , s s \ s `t kv g k;D rkc df kNi ulm 4g LhH hd kxsky k[ky ]g LkH7LhH hLc ji , w s , \ X X , \ \ \ r¬kj d xo¬ df g kr[n jkv 4k;x kyp go e uîo¬ 4Sgfkp kukt xo¬ ed s s Z , s , X Z s l ed kr e uîo¬ `s;kt k;D du Bkd e uîo¬ udfy ]X;kt yp du kr Xe s X X Z s X s s Z s r;yflv 4g rkt xo¬ xky hg e suil 4g k;x kyp xo¬ go df k[sn kui T s Z s X , Z l ulm rkj 4k;kl rkj go 4kF jhdG ukeyle dS 4hukgd dS g huql uTe s s q , s 4g kL[ ji yc uiv kt , \ s s ]g Cgu Sg Ldi kd hldf kt ]g krgkp lm ukoxH dfk;D 4g krkt kg kj , q s \ s s , s X , s k;î kd ukoxH go ]g krkt kg kL[ ji kji uiv ]jdLkN kdcl henkv kt , s \ X , s s\ s s 4s;kt kg kL[ ji kji uiv jkv n LkN kd s \ X , s , s s\ s cl df krkg Cgu hHd klß udfsy 4g krLkN kd dS cr ]g kry Ldi kd s , s\ s , s \ s
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044 fo 241 egaP

s kn7dS 4g hry> k[i ji hykF hdum <feDQ jkv g Oc ujd utkH unf d , a , T s , s s S <‘Î ]g kul ue 4Wd ''fkd hd uk>el e l hukgd hl7hIkN jkv dS , q s T a s s T s s , 4g krskg , /çyim ke®keji cr ]g rkg hyk[ ydycf Fkg ct jkv 4kg u Bkd e kFk T s s q , s s X X g utf ]Sgfkp Fkg hyk[ kgo 4rdl Pc Cgu Gjr hd k<jp d ke®keji F a s \ X s kg Sg jH jkv 4g Sg jH Fkg dr cr ]g Sg Ldi kd hldf eg dr ct q s , T q s T q s \ s 4Sgfkp hyk[ Fkg df g g; cyre kje kr ]güm kn LkN ]g krgd e ct 4,g hrkt , s s X s s\ wa T kg kni Ldi lub ]g jr[ hg hg; ji ]g d ekd rgc 4g Cgu d ekd d s , \ s T s T s q T s s henkv ekj df g Cgu g; cyre kje kr ]güb n Ls\kN g krgd e ct jkv , s s X X wa T , 4g Cgu /cl Bkd kdlb l ;®l 4g ryp , a a s s T s sNhi d kui¥d hg huiv eg hH cr ]g ryp Nhi d 0c eg ct jkv 4g s T s s s q , T ryp Nhi d kui¥d hg huiv eg cr ]g ryp Nhi d ekj eg ct 4g sr s s s T s s s T kg l¬gf d LhH hjln eg cr ]g rkg ukeyle eg ct 4g rkg l¬gf d L s s s \ w T s s q T s s s s \ hH dS eg cr ]g rkg ngf eg ct 4Cgu /cl Bkd kd ukoxH l LkH7LhH T s s w a a a s s \ \ 4g krLkt sl ukox , s\ H skt ]g kry[ jk} go e ydv ydycf ]e luhyuky ]e Bkgur ]e ydv , q X s s q X s s X X s s 4g ukoxH kt , s ]g krdl Lq\t l ydv rkruf lm yod hgo ]g kydv rkruf ydycf kt , s s s a s , s a q s 4g kydv yd , s q ycf kt ]g Cgu ;‘'f kd hldf kt ]g Cgu h;k;uv kd hldf kt ]g Cgu < s , s , q s , "'of Bkd kdltf ]g Cgu hH Bkd kt 4krdl kg Cgu Fkl d ukoxH go ]g s s , s s s s , ut kt 4krdl kg Cgu Fkl d ukoxH go ]g ukeylqe kt 4krdl kg Cgu , s s s , s s Fkl d ukoxH go ]g ngf kt dfk;D 4Cgu hH Bkd kydv knk;† l ukoxH s , w a s X s s s 4g k[n uîo¬ hg kpπl uer df kgd llm ue jkv kyef hH >e jhdG go , s s q s s T , s q `g krdl skg ld g; 4 , s , g kydv ukoxH df k[sn g; ue 4g k[n uîo¬ kO> ydycf ]g k[n uîo¬ n , s s T , s w q , s [n rgc dS ue df kxy ugd jdkt e lkLi7lki go 4g e Lik> uiv j q q s T s X s \ , X s \ s s i uhet go ]k;ki kr h;x y[ nCu 4h;x y[ nCu hd jhdG lm e Igkjc? s q q X 4g hg kydv e ]kg u Fkl d hldf kt wa s T s s s ]g krdl kg hgo Fkl je jkv 4Cgu hH Bkd kr Fkl je ]Fkl d <‘Î B , s s s , s s s s s kd ]g Fkl d ekj Bkd 4dl kg Fkl je kt ]Cgu hg kpc Bkd ]s;x Ic ph s , s s s s s s s s a c d Cgüm xky jkl ]kgd u ukoxH jkv sxy ujxf lkv l k[kv hd ukoxH s s s s , s w a s X a 2Cgu hH Bkd s Fkl dikv ]F xky rgc Fkl dcl ]F xky rgc Fkl d ekj ]F xky rg s s s q s s s q s s s q c Fkl d I¬bk∂ ]F xky rgc Fkl d neégke ]g ukjg rgc e `g ukoxH s s s q s s wa , q T T
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044 fo 341 egaP

jkl ]Qqx jkl ]_¬k' jkl Syf d ukg kjkglc lm udfy 4g hrkt kg W' hu s s s s s s s s T s q p[V Gjr hdlm k;rDf' hjkl hd ke®keji jkv g krkt uc dcp dS ]g k a , , qa , rkt kg kjkglc rfkH cl henkv unf ltf 4X;kt kg kjkglc rfkH cl ];kt s s a s s a X kg kjkglc ydycf df g cyre kje kr ]kdcl n Ls\kN ]g krgd e ct kr s s q , s s s X wa T s 4g , krkt uc k/kc kjkgl hgo jkv g rsy Ldi kjkgl Bkd u Bkd eg udfy , T s \ s s s 4g krkg /çyim kjkgl kdlm cr ]g krkg lyi¥g yIskI ]kjkglc gjr hji , s , s s s s w ct 4g krkt kg kjkglc Z<ijfi henkv ct ]g krkg /çyim <{ hlm kjkgl , s s w , s kdlm 4kxkg Cgu /çyim kjkgl kd ke®keji dr cr ]g Sg sLdi kjkgl B s T q \ kd ikv dr ct ]g kjH ue kdikv dr ct ]g Sg jH Fkg dikv dr ct s , T q s s 4g wa krgkp kugd likv e rkc go jkv g krukt e rkc dS udfy 4g Cgu hH s T , wa T s , utk;i Bkd l sukg O> jkv pl dlb 4O> k; g pl Cgu kri hukgd g; s z s s s w , s w , 4g Cgu rjWt hH Bkd , s hje cv ]g kgj Ly go cv ]g rdkr huiv lki dlm cv 4g Cgu jkted s , \ , s , s go cv 4g Sg jH Fkg dlm cv ]k;yf tk[ kjkgl kd jF®i ulm 4g jF T q s s s s , ®i e Fkg dlm cv ]g Cgu kjkglc go cv 4F gj pC[ gjr hd dcp > X s , s s s qa s q e <ki ji dlm dr cr ]hF rjWt hje dr cr ]kF kydv ydycf go d z s w s s s q r ct ]kF u hH Bkd kdlm dr ct ]kF kjkglc go dr ct 4Cgu rjWt s s Bkd hje cv 4g kgj n jRm hg n[ go cv 4k;yf kOm jF®i e Fkg uiv s s , s q X s s u jhdG lm 4h;x gj u rjWt hje cr ]kpgi ct ji jk} ]kgd u <‘Î s qa s 2s;kv Iky ld lifko l jk} jGf ]kgd u <feDQ , s , s s 4kxkH e Syflb ]Mkt e df hF h;x Li rjWt hje 4g kgj lg kL[ ikp T a T \ s , a \ ip go hH e kvkjk/ hd u[ Bg hrgc 4g hL[ Sg j? lm LhH 4g hgj gc q X X w q , \ q s s s \ T Skjk/ hd u[ l Fke dlm 4g gj jke jF®i lm xky Nd ]g kgj jtx a w s s s T s s s q , q s l huk/tkj dS ]kjk;î kje dS 4hF h;x kg kuI?n hg pepl ]kgd u <‘Î s s Z q q s `kF k;D ];kv Iky lifko l tkojn ]s;k>c kd xkv kucf jGf jkv ` s , s s q s , hF h;x xy xkv kgd `hF h;x I? kuI?n hl7ukd `xkH l htr hurb df a Z q , s s s hF h;x kv rjWt hlß k;D 4s>e k;nf ykL e ydæfe rgc ]kgd u <feDQ q X q q s 2xy uj s s d utkH jdOc ]jdIky lifko lknm ikpip jGf 2s;x kg L[ jddOOf ji s , , q s s \ jk} jGf 4;x syp ji jk} Sg rxkH kr go ]k;nf Cgu jRm u <‘Î udfy s q s s s s `g rx T s kH kgd jdk[ kuk[ k/kv 2g ;x kg yxki ikv ]kgd u h<eDQ 2Gjr hd a T s s s s tkojn endS ]g xkH jd kdjl kd hykF jGf jkv g s;k[ ukgüm hg jkd T s s , T s X ,
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044 fo 441 egaP

4kxkg 0lf >elku hgo ]kxykc kt dfk;D 4Cgu s s s s X xykc ]sxy kj kr sxkgd 6sxyef yx ]sxlg ]sxOc3jWt y kyc kr kgd kd n s X s X s s s X s X a X , wa q s s s hjG 4kxkg 0lf [e go ]kxykc kt 2g ydæfe rgc rhprkc ]kgd u jhcd s Z w s s s , q q s 4l rhpr s kc lm xXy Ldi Nd eg 4sxX;kt y[ ;≈kH kr jkeg kr hxkg rkc hd kukn s \ q q s s s X X X s ikv 4gj lki jkeg unf kn go jkv `jd r_feuf lm eg df kg kNπv hg s s s , X a s s k;D ]l lki g kryduf nhjG ]g kul df kgd l jhcd u k;Ffkl d jhcd s , , q s s X s `sxjd k;D rkc ]g krukt hH e jkv X wa T , Tg rukt hH jhcd 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ujd l jhcd rkc ]kgd u nhjG s , s s s s `kx;jfd Cgu rkc ikv l jhcd ]kgd u k_ef udfy s s s X s 4 kg hg n;k' rhprkc 2rhprkc udfy ]xX;kt dQ kr kg rgd ]kgd u nhjG s s s s s s s 4hx;kt kg k"o hd rev kr e uoht jkeg 4x s s Z 1 s X s s kg ry¥fGi jdul eg ]sxkg rnfukv eg ]hxkg rhprkc hd kukn ikv 4;kt X q z q X a s X s X dQ ji eJkv d jhcd eg Syf d unf kn df kxkg kNπv kurdf df kgd s s s s s X u k;Ffkl d nhjG 4kF eJkv kd jhcd hg lki d h'kd kr kF krjtx sl s s s q chjd d h'kd 4kF kvg kyduf ji k_k;Fhr go 4nhjG [' kF jhdG dS s q Z s `Fv k;D kd ugd 4g ykol kd uj Z s , s d oHuv jkv uukt lm 4gd lm eg df g Cgu ykol kd ugd 4g rjWt q , s s X s , s , hd sukt kg hgo knk;† hH l uukt jkv 4Cgu hd ugd ]g rjWt hd uukt s s s , s , s s lm 4g Cgu hH rjWt Bkd hd ugd lm ]Cgu kr¬kj hH Bkd kd ugd slm , s s s s s `kd ugd lm g kr¬kj k;D jGf kr ]krdl kt k[yf Cgu e s s , s X _¬k' jkv krdl kt kgd Cgu l nç' ;®l jxv df g kNi u _ef jkv dS , s , w s , 4n LkN ]g krgd Syfhlb 4g hd ;®l kt ]g hrL\i h X s\ wa T s T ;kul k;ufo÷xi o jkc hygi cr 4g krkg uexkv kd ke®keji jkc hygi Xe q a s , s uoht dlm cr 4Cgu kri hH Bkd eg kdlm ]g hrI? kuI? hld Xe uoht s s X , , s dlm cr 4g krkt kg kL[ jdLkN cl henkv dS ct ]hL? go g rHnv , s \ s\ \ , q 4Sgfkp Cgu Ldi Bkd ]Sgfkp hugj hyk[ h \ s Øe ]g kgj gd e ]g kgj gd kd uLkN e 2k;x kg ueæn hg kje jGf go q wa T wa s s s\ T s q s 4kuLdi re s>e ]n LkN kxgd e kr ]kg Ldi Bkd hH kd>e jxv 4g kgj \ q X s\ wa T s s s \ s s q wa gd kd suLkN kd hHl ]Cgu hg kd h/kx jkv g kgj gd kd uLkN slikv Te s s\ s s a , wa s s s\ 2g ueæn kd wa q h/kx e df g r>el xky kr kd h/kx kn LkN df g krgd e ct 4g krk a T T s s s s a s s\ wa T , t k>el ryx tkj7tkj kd rkc hje 4ku>el re ryx kd rkc hje udfy s s s s s s s 4g hjWt kukt kg rD , s q s e lcl um ]g rdl uc kjkgl jkv g rdl Ldi eg kdutf cl o ]kru T s , T s \ s s s
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044 fo 541 egaP

2g T gj jd kti hd Xk;yfqxv cl eg 2kg rjd kti hje er jkv ky [n kd n s w a s s w s q , s s s kp er df g krk[nf hyxv gér e df g kvg k[yf phu upo dS kd 0c a q wa q a X q T , q s q jkv 2gxt hd r√e hd jnfe g huc hyqxv dS kgo ]g jnfe dS e ukikt , w a , a a , a X 2jd kti hd hyxv X w q a hdikv s;tfhy ]g nkp Cg; df ;x >el eg ]g dhO ]g hyxv hjk;î hLc d , a s , , q a \ f sxgd ikv jkv 4k[n Gjr lm3Gjr lm l hyxv Glf kF kgj krc e 4g X , s s s q a Z T , Cgu hyqxv kgt ]g kgo nkp 6hje kn LkN hyxv df gd jdky¥pf Te 2nkp a a , a a s s s\ qa wa a , g g; sxgd jkv sxXy Ldi hyqxv hje ikv kr ]e 'kdkv nkp kgj go df X , \ a s s X a Mkrc jdkOm hyqxv huiv e jxv df g gjr hd kyxki um kr eg udfy a a T T X s s 4;kt kv e Ldi kjk'b go s X \ ];kt yduf Bkd ji k_k; lm n;k' kr ]g hrLi hujd hg ydv kt ]g hH s s s , \ s s s , k_k; hlsS dS df ;kt kv yk;[ hH kurb jxv 4krdl kg Cgu hFkl jkv s s , hxk;gl kjln eltf ]g hH tk[ rxrDf;ø ]yvthohLb hlS dS Bkd df ; s w X , s q a s s s kt kv e <je¬ rkc hg hurb jxv ]dl kv l uykc yk;[ hH kurb jxv X s s s s 4g krdl kt Cgu k;ki l hldf udfy ]g krdl kt , s s , ktk[ ]g krdl yef ;®l df dl n yk;[ de®kjkdu g; hH kdikv o 4kr s , X s s s dl kt k;nf Cgu ;®l ]krdl kt kykc Cgu ;®l df dl gd g; hH kdikv s X s o df F rykc hg kurb Glf o `krdl kt kykc Cgu ;®l jxv ]F sryskc s s s s Z s s s k;D o jGf 4F rykc hH jhcd jkv 4phc d kjln ]kF krykc nhjG udfy s s s s , s X w s s 4krdl kt Cgu kykc ]g krdl kt kukt ;®l `sykc Cgu k;D henkv Xkukn ; udfy s , s X s s s 4krkg 0lf [e go ]krykc kt df kgd u nhjG jkv s Z w s s s , `k;D rykc uekl d yko uukt s s s s s s s w , jln jkv 4krdl kt Cgu kykc go ]g rukt kt `k;D rykc ]kgd u jhcd s T s s s s s `Cgu k;D sykc ]g kyeke k;D g; ]kNi jkv 2kd nhjG u k X s , w , s s X ;‘'f d nhjG j,kv k;yf Ldi kd jhcd u k;‘'f d jhcd ]Sg kncf hg slt s \ s s X s q , 4s;x kg hH kncf jGf 4F Cgu rykc jkv F rlg kukn o udfy s s s s , s s a X s s s `kg Cgu k;D rykc ]g kyeke k;D g; df s;x kjc? ;‘'f jkl 2k;x kv s X s s , s hH rDo kd kncf jGf jkv ]kxy urhc hH unf kjln jkv k;x rhc unf dS , s w , 2Bg u rkc udfy 4kg rkc Nd n;k' df g Oc jdj? ;‘'f d kukn 4phu q s s q T s , s s X s s s d Lk> ;x Oc jdyef kukn 4sxy ugc lkv l k[kv 4yef yx dr jsn ]y \ s , X s s w a s X a s s s ef syx kukn 4;x kd rxko¬ dlm jgkc d okx jhcd 4k;x k;yf kyc nhjG X s s s s s a q 4ky kyc s q kr kg ruke Cgu er df kgd u jhcd `Cgu Xk;D xykc ]kgd u kxky udfy s s s q s s X s s X s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 641 egaP

rjH huki elm ]g gxt hyk[ kt jrhH 4g e hryx kr g rjH huki elm s X , s T X s T s X ]g jkohn kt hd urc df sxkg rpkl ikv n;k' ]ikv g rjH huki e uZrc , s Z X s s T s X 4k;x kg jkdc ukde kr kg u ktkojn e ukde hldf jxv 4g s s s s X , Cgu hH Nd kgt ]g ktkojn `g k;D ]g eyke thp hrehd lcl e ukde q a , , , w s X 4lsuhIiéS ]gxt hyk[3g cyre kd stkojn g krkg cyre k;D kd tkojn , , s s 4g ry T s duf l tkojn dfk;D ]sx;ki Cgu yduf ]kx;kt II jlf kr kx;yfduf sl k s s X X s w s s a go 4Nd7cl g kvg kjH kgt ]ryduf Cgu l jkohn hHd 4g gxt hyk[ akg q , q a s s , t ]g ryduf ikv l tkojn lm 4g gxt hyk[ ]g Cgu hH Nd ]g Cgu jF T s s s , , q , ®i ]g Cgu jkohn kgt ]g Cgu hH Nd kgt `g krkg k;D cyre kd tkojn , a , q a , s s 4g Cgu hH Nd e ktkojn um ]g tkojn kt e j? df k;df yk;[ uik , q X X T s s X s v hHd 4g lsuhIiéS ]krrDjf dS ktkojn 4g hyk[ ktkojn ]g Bg hjH jko , , , q hn ]k;df yk;[ uikv hHd 4g ;üw' ktkojn kd j? dikv `k[n uikv hHd s , s s s 4g rkt jd 'oi o ]g rjd 'oi sl T s s z s T s s z jk} d ;üw' kt 4g rkt kg I‘u jkv g rgj rkjdI jlf l jkohn hlm o s s T s s , T s s s s ]g rkt dIv ji nç' kt 4jk} g ;ü' ]jkohn g nç' 4jk} g Cgu nç'3nç' T s s , w , T 4kd <i g jk} hg ;ü' Z w , w 4g k , ryef Nd7cl l ku lm 4kukt kg Nd7ku Iiuf jdLkN cl ]g Fv kd ;ü' q s s q s\ , Z w 4/fkel g Fv kd ;ü' ]uk;÷ g Fv kd ;ü' , Z w , Z w 4g Gjr hd ;ü' , w kjk'b kd knç' jkl 4g ;ü' kgo ud X s , w a fy 4krkg Cgu xkv jkv jGf kgt ]g kukt pgi kgo jkv g kukt rLkN ]g s s s , a , qa a , , s s\ , kukt rLkN xkv jkv 4xkv j,kv ]xkv l kgo3g nç' dr kgt 4g hrdl k s s\ s , s s s a , a , s g _¬k'e/ ckrdf go kr ];üw' kg k[yf eltf ]s;kt yef ckrdf Bkd jxv Z s s X s 4g dFkl jF®i kyko ;ü' go 4Pxkut ;ü' ]P\xkut kjh , Z w \ w w w s t kxkg k[yf kgt ]kxkg Cgd e P\xkut jF®i dS 4Pxkut kjht g k[yf akg s a s X w \ w s , t ]kgo ;x kv df kusy >el 4Pxkut kjht kg k[yf ji ltf3s;kt kv jF® a s \ w s s i kgt jkv 4kukt yp hg rLkN ]g xy jF®i dr kgt jkv kvkt Pc xkv a , s s s\ T s a , s \ s jkv kLkN kd jF®i lb 4sxkpgi Cgu hHd kr ;x Oc jdLdi kd jF®i lb , s s\ s s qa s s , \ s 4g jn rgc P\xkut df g k[yf ji jF®i lm 2P , w q w , \xkuwt g jF®i hg; 2Pxkut kg; g k[yf3P\xkut s;x pgi df g Oc ;kxy , \ w a , w qa T s , s s l hrkN kd jF®i hlb jkn>el Bd jkv 4yhe lkpi Pxkut df g krkg k[ s , \ w , s yf jkv g krkg kxy uk'uf kd jhr ji jF®i jkv g krkg kxy jF®i jkud , , s , , s s f d r¬kj lt ]g gjr hd kxky um eg udfy 4xX;kt gj jk'b u ]kx;kt s s s , T X s s s s s gj nç' u ]kx;kt gj _¬k' u kgt ]g Gjr lm jk'b cl jkv _¬k' ]nç' s a T s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 741 egaP

2g h[j jd hØdb Gjr kjkp ue T X s g ri hd knç' dfk;D ]kryp Cgu kri Bkd eg kdlm udfy 4g kukg dof ˜ X X s X s , s r¬ko kjkeg kt ]g k;x k;k[ hHd u ]g krdl kt ktk[ u kt ];®l g hgo s , s , s s , 4rdl Cgu k[ hH kr gkp eg ltf ]Cgu k;k[ hHd ueg ltf ]kF sl knl s s s X s s s s s kt ]g jrhH kt ]g kryp kri kdlm e <{ lm `g krkg k;D e <{ lm , s , X , s X 4g krkt kg uke cl ]g krkt k[ cl 6hrLi Bkuql C , s , , s \ gu h<ko hd 0c Bkd ]jhokge Bkd 6krOm Cgu ukjd Bkd jrhH ]hrkt hyk q s s q s s c Cgu krhx Bkd 6kre? Cgu nç' Bkd jrhH ]g rkt kg rk' nç' cl ct s w s T s s a 4kxgj rk'v Rpf dr cr ]g kre? jrhH nç' dr ct 4g rfk'v hH nç' s a , w , a 4kF jr hH kt ]k;x yp kri kdlm jkv k;x kg rk' ue endS kr k;nf LkN hg k s , s a s s\ ujd ]k;nf LkN kujd cl ct 4g hrkg kni rfk'v hg l ujd dfk;D 4hgj s\ , s , a s s X rfk'v e ue dr cr ]kF krjd ''fkd hd ujd Nd dr ct ]kgd u 0c a X s s q s q 2g rjd rkc hIym hLc ikv ]xy ugd xky 4k;x yef cr ] T s X \ s s s k;nf LkN kujd cl ct 4kyef Cgu dr cr ]kgj krjd Nd dr ct ]kgd s\ q su 0c `k;x yef djd k;D df kNi sukgüm l 0c 4k;x yp jH kri kdlm q s w X s q ]kF kvg hg kyef l knl kt ]Cgu hH Nd kyef ]kgd u 0qc kr `e ukK k q s s q s s X ;x yef k;D kdikv df kNi l 0c su kxky Nd jkv kvg ukK ct kd 0c s w s q X s q , q s q 4;®l g hg; udfy 4g hrL , s , i eyke rkc hIym g; 4Cgu jdLdi kd knç' ]henkv g krukt jdLkN kd \ w \ s X , s\ s X knç' 4g jk} kd ;üw' ]Cgu jkohn hd nç' jrhH dutf ]o g rukt udfy , s s T s s 2henkv g; g krukt rgc ]g rgd eg kr kg rgc nç' , q T s s X q X e ue 4g Cgu hH Nd jkv d knç' ;kolf lki dlm 4henkv go g uhg7u , q , s X s , hn kLc hg kurm udfsy 2g hukK kLc hg kurm go ]g rgd eg ]kg lki d \ , \ T s X s henkv hldf nç' knk;† urtf jkv g ry jH l knç' kd ue kr eg jkv s , T s s s X s s , 4g jk} Cgo ]g ;ü' kgt jkv g jkohn Cgo ]g nç' e ue kgt , , w a , , T X a 4thp hylv g hgo ]g ;ü' kt jrhH d ue jkv , , w s s , 4thp hy lv g hgo ]g ktkojn kt e ukde 4thp hylv g hgo ]g gxt hyk[ kt , , s X , , s e dIe lm 4kx;hjH huki e gxt hyk[ lm 4g gj kv jd nhj[ gxt hy X s s X T s k[ hd jrhH ikv e ylv ]Cgu kri kdikv udfy `g rky nhj[ jkohn i X s s T s kv e ukv jkp go ]g rky nhj[ ikv e ukv jkp kt l jktkc 4g Cgu kd X s T s X s s s , Ie jkohn go 4g hrj? kd gxt hyk[ Glf go ]g jkohn kt go 4g kdIe , s s Z , s , hylv hg gxt hyk[ go 4g krjH huki elm ]jrhH d dIe ]g gxt hyk , X s s , [ jrhH d jkohn hd urc kt go 4gxt hyk[ hd jkohn `g k;D uZrc 4g s Z s , T
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 841 egaP

suLkN kdltf ]krdl kt Cgu kLs\kN kdltf ]kxs;kt gj "' kt Nhi df g s\ s s s s s , Syflb jkt ji suLkN cl 4n LkN ]g krgd Syflb 4g rjWt hd ujd 'o s s\ X s\ wa , s s z s i l ;ü' 4g ktkojn l ;ü' ]Cgu l _¬k' ]Cgu l nç' ]g krgd Te Syflb w , s w s s wa 4g krx , y ukg uZ'n hg kdlm gxt cl ]hL?7hL? jGf lm ]g krkt kg u'n kdlm s s \ \ s , s Z jkc dS ltf jkv 4g kry ukt jrhH dcl go ]g kry ukt jrhH uiv s , , s s , s s kt jkv 4g krsy ukt kd ;®l go ]g kry ukt lm kt jkv 4g ke®kv hg e s , , s , s s s , , ku kdlm ]g krkt pc kt cr ]sx;kt dGV nç' jkl ct 4xpc kr ikv hH , s X s s X s jGf ]sx;kt yduf jgkc nç' 4g jkv Nd kr ikv 4g Cgu nç' kr ikv 4x X T , q s T s s X ;kt gj jrhH kr ikv hH cr ]g krn dG jgkc Bkd kd knç' jkl ub ct s , s X s s X s 4krki kg Cgu 'oi jrhH hg <jkd d LhH hd knç' ub s s z s \ X udfy 4kxyef Cgu hH Nd d knç' ;kolf kr X;kt yp jrhH uiv hg slo s s q s X s s s , ]xyef henkv hg henkv jkv ;kt yp e jktkc lt 2xyef rkjdI nç' hg s X , X s X s , s X s nç' jkv xX;kt jrhH 2kxyef Cgu hH Nd kgo d knç' ;kolf `g ;x jr , s s q a s X T s hH uiv hHd 4g krkt kg ydæfe 'oi jrhH d ue jGf df g rkt jH u s , s q s z s T s s rb nç' 4g rkt yp rjH kd knç' eg e ukde ltf ]g ukde dS hH ue T s s s s X X , 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu hH 'oi eltf ]g ukde kv s z X , g kjH udfsy ]g kr ukde jGf kr ];kt kg ydæfe kukt jrhH df n jH q , s s s s q X thp hurb eg jkv X;kt syp rjH thp e uihyk[ lm eg jkv 4g ukde X , s X X , , hylv hg uihyk[ go 4g krkt gj Nhi ukde hyk[ `g krkt gj Nd Nhi , s , q s 4g ukde hg uihyk[ go 4g krk , , t gj Nhi uihyk[ `g krkt gj k;D sNhi cr 4g krkt gj Nhi Nd hH cr s , , s q ]X;kt yduf thp cl ct 4Xy ykduf jgkc thp cl ]y ykduf urc ]y y X X X Z X kduf ukekl l k;dfL[f ]Xy ykduf jLXyd ]y ykduf X;IkG l tkojn 4Xn s X \ , X q s s s jd jgkc jpñuG kjkl ] n jd W' kuykduf kd ukekl eg l e ukde dS X q s s X 4 g krkt gj "' hH jGf ;kt I , s s g cl 4 g krkt gj "' hH e nkc dcl kt ]krdl kt Cgu k;kIg ltf ]g , s X s s s , ;®l hgo ]lc 4rdl Cgu dG jdykduf ikv kdltf 4g ;®l hgo3g krkt s X s , , gj sNhi kt go ]xuVejf hn 6g krkt gj "' kt ]hgo kx;kt gj "' jkv h s s , s s s s , xX;kt hyp ri cl unf ltf jkv 4kxpc Cgu hH Nd 4kxgj pc ;ü' jrhH ˜ , s q s w `kxpc k;D jGf 4hx;kt yduf ri cl df kx;kv r s X ˜ s Do dS jGf 4;kt yp rLk[m dr cr ]kg hryduf ri dr ct 6;kt yp X s s \ X ˜ X s s rykduf ];kt yp ryhN kd ri dS7dS 4g ri hd keüt7keüt ]g ri jk X s s s Z T ˜ X X T ˜ tg jktg 4g ri hd knç' jrhH d ue hg lS 4X;kt yp hg ryhN3,g hrkt T ˜ X s s s s s kv hjlhr kr g hryduf go ]g hrkt kv hjln kr g hryduf ri dS hd s , , w s , Z tk;î3;kt yp ryhN ri7ri kd tk;î lt `g k[n jd yhN kd tk;î hHd X s s Z Z s s , , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 941 egaP

4g rkg dkujr[ rgc xky yko suukt rgc dfk;D `g Cgu kr kjr[ T s s q s s q X , s hg; Cgd ]kg rukt rgc er `kg k;nf kuc k/v gér u ukK jkgér df g s s q q s a X q s s q , Cgu kr klsS Cgd df g kgj gd rkc hg dS `g krdl jd k;D hH e Syfl s wa wa T b jkv 4krLi Cgu h;k[nf ;®l gér ]kg henkv s/v er df g kryp kri sl , \ X q s a q , lb ];kv dr kg; er `hF rjWt k;D hd ukv kg; ]krkt Li h;k[nf hgo s a q s a \ kr krLi h;k[nf jxv `g krLi h;k[nf ;®l gér k;D ]kgd u jhdG lm s \ , \ X q s 4kvkt yp hH Cgd s s er ]hrkg Cgu hu'kj kgo ]hrkg Cgu [kv kgt jkv g hrkg [kv kgt ]g q s s a s X a a , T s X a a , hrkg kgo hu'kj 4g Cgu hH Cgd hu'kj ]kgj re? e jH k;ufn er kr g s a s , s s s w X q q s , Cgu [kv jxv 2kg gj kv er l akgt ]hF hH kgo hu'kj kr CF [kv jxv X a s s q s a s s X a ]yxki ]kxgd hH henkv go kr `g kgd hu'kj df gd jkv s;kt e j? d s s , a s s , X s s w jln hldf jdyp yhe jktg jkv yduf jgkc l j? uiv henkv k/v dS , s s s a `g krdl Li h;k[nf ld gér kg; skr kLi Cgu h;k[nf g , \ s , X q a \ X ér kgo jkv g Cgu kgo jxv jkv 4kg gj kv er l kgt ]hH kgo kr kxskg q a , , a , s s q s a a s jxv ;®l `g k[j y kdO Bkd ue kd ;®l `kg s;kv Syfldf kg; 4kxskg , s s s s T s a Cgu hH Cgd kr kxkg Cgu jkv kxkg hH e j? jkgér kr ]kxkg ;®l jxv s s , s X s q s s `hF rjWt k;D hd sukv akg; Syf d uukt g; ]g k;D ;®l ]kgd su tkdskc s s , q s `g k;D ;®l df g , wa k;kv suukt g; e df kgd jkv kNki kuhli kd Fke jkv k;df jkd¬eu kd T , X s , s q s s s tkdkc ulm 4jrhH k;x go 4g kgj gc kuhli ji jgp dlm l i/ hd sr¬ , s s s s w kj ]knke7kdF 4k;x ji Lik> d tkdkc jhdG go 4F ukt ulm _¬k' rqgc a s \ s s q s s s s s 4lki dlm F nç' rgc 4kF hukK kLc jlGki kd hIl√ouf; go 4k;kv jl s s q \ s sz q Gki kd hIl√ouf; dS uyef l jhdG lm 4tkdkc kF jhdG dS e ukikt s sz q s s q s s X 4g krkt , gj rpfjfiv go llm ]g kukg dofr¬ko kdlm kt 4g go kt ]g krkt gj s , s s , s , rpfao l suukt lm ]henkv kvg kjH dfk;D 4g hueæn llm ]g kry jH k s s q X , q s , s s d uiv henkv kt go ]l rkc dS g hueæn `g hrdl kg hueæn k;D sl Xkc s s s , q , s q krdf `Wd hueæn l kckrdf df kje g ckj[ xkenf Bkd `g hrdl kg hu a q s X s , s , s eæn k;D l kckrdf `g hrdl kg hueæn k;D l jkpc _¬k' ]g Cgu hueæqn q s X , s q s s s , s l _¬k' 4kd k_¬k' jkl n LkN ]kdcl n LkN df g krn jkt kurb Syflb s X s X s\ s X s\ wa s s 4g ;®l hg eku kd ukg lm jkv 4g e hgo ]g kr , s s , wa T , dl kt k;df hg xyv l>e u ]g krdl kt kLkt u e>e kt 4krdl kg Cg s q , s\ X q s s u e go ]g krdl kt kLkt e>e kt 4krdl kg Cgu e go ]g krdl kt ku T , s\ X q s s T , hN l>e hH kt `g krdl kg ld e go ]g krdl kt kLkN kdltf 4g Cgu s q s wa s s , T , s\ s T ikv go ]g krdl kt kLkN kdltf jkv 4g ikv hgo ]g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd , s\ s , T , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 051 egaP

4k;x kg s yxki ]g rgd eg kd henkv kr g rxy uL> jgkc df g rkt jH urb n T s s s T s s \ T s s ç' ct 4g krykc jkv g krOc e sydv 2g krykc jkv g krkl rkj 2g kr , s , , , X s , s , , s , xy uykc jdLdi kdlm ]krgkp kuul Cgu kt 2g krxy uykc jkv g kgj s s \ s q s , s s , , kt kyp ji r¬kj 4g rxy ujxf o jkv rki Cgu ykHl kdum df g rkt s T s s s , s a s T s jH e hL\ik[ urb jkpof ct `kdikv g kri ]g krkt kg cd yxki henkv X s s s , , s 4 s xX;kt kg W' ujxf jgkc o ]g ;x jH jrhH jr kt nç' o cv dfk;D ]g s q s s T s s s s s X , kgj kv chjd rDo kd sukg yxki jr cv jkv 4g Cgu ydycf gxt ],g k;x s s s , , q jH l knç' cl hH kgo `hLi Bk[nf gxt Xe hLik[ huiv hHd >r udfy s X a \ \ s s q s `g jL kd sukt jxf l ujH ;kp elm cv ]g Cgu gxt hH jH nc e hy , s s X , wa X k;î ltf df g krLi Bk[nf hH g; s>r jkv 2g krLi Bk[nf >r `g Cgu , \ q , , \ s q , Xe hyk;î hjr gxt hH jH nc df g krLi Bk[nf >r df kgd u jhdG lm s wa , \ s q s 4g Cgu e hyk , X ;î hje gxt hd jH nc dS cv ]hH ;dfQ cv df k;ky¥pf jlsGki go cr s wa s sz 2h;x kg chjd d ujxf ;kp jGf 2k;x s s s kyp hg krykL ;kp jhdG go ]k;x jH hH urc kd phu jGf 2k;x kyp h Z s g krykL ;kp jhdG go udfsy ]h;x jH hyk;î 4hykL ;kp l hyId e id s s X s d jlGki jkv k;nf koyHl id j,kv Iyî ulm 4k;kv y jdkuc ;kp jhdG s sz , a s s s `g krdl yef k;D l henkv lm ]kx;kt yp kri kd ;®l sl , s s s uhi ;kp df g krgd henkv kt dfk;D 4g krdl yef kd uukt Nqd sl he , s X , s s nkv lb df k;x kg e®[ kdlm kr yk;[ udfy 4kgj kOc ]jlGki kF kdF s s s , s sz 4Mky kuc ;kp hLkF e ]jd re hn¥t hurb ]jgO ]kgd u jhdG lm a s\ T s 4hd k_k; hurb e i/ lb F;ø ue `g k;x kv lki d yxki ldf Te X w Z s T wa s `g gj k;D gd ikv 2jRm kd ;®l jkv `e uhi ;kp ]kgd u jlGkzi lm T s , X s s s s 4;kt yef hH jRm kdlm s e suhi ;kp ]g kNi kt sur df g krdl kg hH g; jkv s;kt kg hH rkc e X , w s w , s , s X suhi ;kp df g krdl kg hH g; jkv 4sxjd rkc Nd jGf ]y jd ekJof kL , s , X q s s\ s kF ]y hi ;kp hLkF ]r g krLi eyke knke7kdF ]Mky kuc ;kp hLkF Te ] s\ w , \ w a a s\ dQ jn hLkF hH jGf 4g kgj L\i Cgu Bk[nf hH Nd >r Syflb jkv 4,g h; s s\ , q s q , x jH rgc l knç' hLik[ hjr df g krLi eyke klS >e ]kgd su tkdskc q s X \ s s , \ w s s q q s 4g rn LkN hg eH kd suukt ]Cg T s s s\ z u hg rukt eg df g rgd kt ]g krkg kni kd kxky um kr go ]g krkg k s T s s , s , s X s s , s ni ukK gütf dfk;D 4g Cgu kjln e k;ufn ukKv kLc l uukt rgc dfk;D , X X , w X q \ s s q X 4g rkt kg T s s dkujr[ rgc o ]g rukt rgc eg df g krkt kg kni yk;[ g; hH Xgütf q s T s q , s ,
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044 fo 151 egaP

kgj kt krjH kurtf rDjfrfv go 4g kgj kv kyp krjH kgo rDjfrfv cl , a cv 4g Cgu kgo gxt cv ]g kgj kv kyp krjH l jiM cl cv 2g xLVm , a , s , k∂ jokv cv jkv g hdp jH sygi keüt Bd ]g hdp jH hd cd gxt kgo s , , q X , q a df k[n hHd kd ue uiv udfsy ]h;x jH gxt cv df g krLi Bk[nf g s s s , \ X ér e hyk;î 4Sgfkp gxt Syf d 'oi hH kd ;®l `g hH gxt Syf sd uu q X s s z s , s kt kd ;®l cv df g jH nç' urb e hLik[ hjkgér df kgd u jhdG lm s T s s X \ s q s 4g kgj yp uiyxki kd knç' kt g;3g kgj Lkn d‘r¬fe yxki , X s , ,\ dS jrhH 2g kgj yp jkv Nd jrhH ]g kgj gd j,kv Nd jrhH ]g kgj , , q , q , gd l jkt7jkt l jiM kr utH go 4g Cgu ut†l jrhH hH henkv ut†l s s s s s , 4h;x kg W' hukv jgkc l jrhH ]hF r;y s q s flv kt 4hd uyHl hgj Cgu rdkr go jkv s;x kg yhP ji7Fkg ]k;nf jd s s a , s s , e®[ kuykHl go u ckj' 2kF Sg sykHl kd uiv ]kF kgj jd l jiM u a s q a s s s tH3]hF hgj yp jrhH dlm k;yfkx ]kF kvg ;hi Cgu ckj' henkv go d s a q s r ct df g hrdl jd ekd dS Glf ckj' 4hrdl jd Cgu hH Nd ckj' , Z q `n kuc hykx kd utH df g s s , hI¬efd hlS Bkd e ckj' `g e ckj' k;efhd Bkd hlS `g hrdl ync ≠ s s s X , X s s , X e hykx kd utH k;D ckj' 2g krn jd W' kudc hykx hg rhi ckj' ]kF s , s q s kgj jd utH7ekj dr cr ]hF hi Cgu ckj' dr ct hHv 2g krn jd W' , s q kujd rkc k;D henkv go df [n jGf jkv n kyif ckj' kd henkv hldf X X s , X s `g k;D ikv ];kt yp kri kr ;kv yduf jgkc l jkt jxv ]g jrhH T s s s s s , kt go 4g Sg ;df ktçd ji suiv jkv g Sg ykHl kd uiv 2yxki Sg y s T q s , T q s a s s q s Hl3g yxki cl eg 4g gj kyp ekd eg jdykHl kd uiv gjr hldf G a T T s a s s jr kjkp 4g gj e? nç' <≈Q kgo ]g ;x kg yxki nç' jrhH kgo df kx;k X T s w a T s s a s t yp kri kr [yf ji txkd lm ]g kgj yp kt jrhH hg uiv Iufef ln s X s , s s 2g; g kgj yp jrhH jkgér `k[yf ue , s q s q r g; ]kxgd go dfk;D 2hxkg u reégf hd sukrc txkd go hH kd k_ef e s X s s X rIduf suiv k; kd rfi uiv k; kd hu®i huiv nkc d Iufef ln jkv 4skg s s s s , kryp kt ]hgo l hjknukeB dr Iufef ln 4ku[yf kdlm ]kg kryp hH k s s s s s t e ue uiv ji txkd dS jkv kusy jd nc kykr ]l jrhH kuy kxy kt X s , a s s kojn jkv 4kuy jd nc [kv Iufef ln jdkt ]kukt Oc e ukd ydv hHd , s a a , X s s s s 4X;kt kg yxki hH eg jkv s;kt Pc k_ s , \ ke hLkF 4g krkg dG kd k_ke Glf ]krkg Cgu dG kd <x Bkd eeg jkv s\ , s Z Z s Z q s X , e yxki 4g yxki rgc7LkF hH cl eg 4g Cgu ekJof hHd kgo 4g krgj X , q s s\ , a , hg kryp ekd e hLik[ jrhH 4g krgj hjkt Nd u Nd 4g rgj hg sryskc X \ s , q q T s l uiv hH cr ]g rOc ydv dfk;D 4g rkg hHl eg yxki rgc7sLkF slS s s T s , s s X T s s q s\ s
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`ld sxXyk[ kd kykr eg df ;x Li e huk'ji rgc o s , s s X s \ X s q s 4F u hH Bkd o 2rukt rckc d kthp hHl kt ]F kru Bkd o u j,kv 4sF s s s s s X s s s s s j;ufhtb Bkd o hg u ]F jxhjkd yko sujk/l kd kykr Bkd o hg u ]ru a s s s s q s X s s s kt e /cl d kykr df F jkp jkpc o kr u 4hF u hjkdukt Bkd Xe /cal X a a s X s s s s s s s a d kykr güm 4hx;kt kg k{hji gcl yd ]kF ykol kd jH rkj 4jkv hd s X X s s q s jktkc xkH kukn o 4k;nf LkN yk;[ kd sun k{hji ]g kr[hn ]ulm df k> s X s s s\ s , s el su k_ef kn um 4k;x kl jdkt ji ukF¬ lkouf uiv k/hl l eum dS X s s s s X 2sxkg s;x kjc? Xkuhr o 4kxs;kt kg jhto kd ktkj hgo ]kx;kv X s s s jgkc jdyk[ tkojn ygi lcl kt 4g kyko ukt k;df nc e uoH lm k s s s s s , s a X s d kuhr er 4kx;kt kg yGl e suyk[ kd ykr go ]kxy jd yg kd r<fx X q s s X s s s s s lm kt jkv 4g Sg [yf dv d r<fx ji sykr lm 4g Cgu hckp Bkd hd s , T q s a s , s s ykr lm 4g hygi dS hd r<fx kykr go 4g k;kxy ulm kykr dS e { , s , s X d lm 4g k;kuc {d dS e ukde jkv g k;kuc ukde dS u ktkj 4g ;r , X , , s , s l sygi unf rgc kr k{hji 2k{hji ]kgd u okx jkl 4kF eyke kd okx q s s a s w s a s jkl 4hxkg k{hji k;D df kF kri kd hHl e huk/tkj 4h;x kg ydæfe jkv s s X s q , `g kri N , d df kNi lum ]kyef hH kt e huk/tkj güm 4g srkg rrfpV ñFk{hji df q w s s X X T s kl,t `hxkg k{hji k;D Cgu kri ]gj rrfpV kuhr o 4s;kv huk/tkj kuhr o s s X s X s 4kxs;kt kg jhto kLc kd ktkj s \ hgo ]kxs;kt rht kt e k{hji erfv jkv 4Syf d k{hji erfav ]k;x k;ky s X a , s c huk/tkj kd kuhr um jGf 4F Sg 0lf uke0fc knk;† lcl kt ];x up q s X s q q s s s s q henkv uhr jkv Cy Sk{hji e 'n jkl sukgüm 4F rkuc jhto kd hlm ]kr , a X s s X s s s kg henkv uke0fc knk;† lcl kt e jH 'n df kF e;uf g; kd ;†kj lm s q s s X s 4hF h;x kg ;®e hd jhto Lc d ;†kekl lm 4kF ;†kekl kukji rgc dS s q 1 s \ s z z q q 4Mk>el e llm ] hukgd hl7hIk a T s s N dS 4g krkt y[ jk} k;u dS ]g hrkt y[ k;ufn h;u dS ]g krkt skg , q , q q , utkyîlDS ]g hrkt kg rIf? rfk∂ dS jrhH ]g krkt daGf nç' unf ltf s , s a , jkv 4sxdl dG kd nç' eg unf lm ]kxyp kri g; eg unf ltf 4g Cgu , X X s s X , ukK nç' 4g tsyku kL;¬ nç' ]g ukK kO> nç' 4g Oc Sg s;kiNf kd ukK , s w , w T s , q s v uiv eg hg <jkd d nç' d¥fc ]g Cgu ukK nç' df x>el eg unf l s s , s X tf 4rdl IN Cgu l nç' eg dr cr ]g r>el ukK kd nç' eg dr ct s w s T s s `xIN llb ld jGf kr 4g ukK nç' df g rgd kr eg udfy 4g s X w s s , s , T s s s , hjWt kukt kg rDe kukt IN llm 6g oket ]I?et skt kd knç' jrhH 4g s q w s , X , hjWt kun jd jgkc kd LhH hd jrhH lb kr g kukg r/fcl l ;®l jxv s s \ s , s a a s 4g kgj kt kyp krII /acl l ;®l , w a s kd henkv hg kurm 4g kgj kt kyp krkg F¬o¬v ]<≈Q henkv hg kurm ]g , s ,
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d ukgüm 4k[n jddkp u kukn um 4g kdp yduf go ]kF kuyduf kd hen s X s T s X s , q s kv ltf 4ckrdf huiv kn jd nc kukn df kgd ulm jkv k;kv jrhH Ikel X s a X s s , z 2k;x yduf jgkc go ]kF Cgu hg kykr Bkd ji lm ]kF kvg kdIv ktkoj s q n ]k;nf kdD/ kd tkojn ]k;x ji stkojn ]kOm go 4kyp u kri hH kd k_ s s s X ef kn um 4kg u tkokv hH e kji dlm lt ]ikpip kOm jGf 4kgj kO,c ; s s X X , s s , q s df nc [kv ]henkv kd jcu jlhr go ]dr I? k/kv henkv go 4xy ujd a a a s s a s s yg ykol jGf o 4kF kdp kg nc ktkojn 4Cykduf ckrdf l hn¥t ukgüm s q s a X s s X 4g hukji rgc ckrdf hd hukeBc 4g h;u ckrdf cl 4g hukeBc uhpki kn , q q s T X , s z k;† hH l knso ]g uhpki hLc hukeBc 4F ukeBc d gjr hlb henkv hH e s X , z \ s s s s X s uket ygi 4g rkg jk;'fkg ñFk{hji hg ydtkv df >el u klS ñFk{hji s T s s s X s 4;nf jd W' ujd yg ykol uiv jkv Cykduf j s q s s , gkc ckrdf l hn¥t ukgüm 4F ;ky kiNf jrhH d kLid uiv ckrdf huiv X s s X s s s X \ s X ]kF dhO xkenf kdum df F rpkl ]F jk;'fkg kt _ef kukn o 4k;x kg s s s s s s X s s s ckj[ xkenf kdlb n;k' `g Sg yg ykol d k;ufn l ujd nc [kv Cgd T q s q s s a X a 2g k;x kg k;D kd yxki lb ]kgd su k_ef kn dlm 4k;x Oc e ukd dS , s s X s s , X s s djd nc [kv jGf go ]kF kgj k;kl jH rkj henkv kt 4;x jrhH kuhr o s a X a s s s X s 4g krjd k{hrzi wa jgkc e 4kxn kuc jhto e kd hlm jkv kxkg 0lf uke0fc hgo ]ygi slc T wa T s , s q s l kx;kv yduf jgkc kt3kjd ''fkd hd ujd yg ]g n[ jiM d ykr d s s s s s T s q s s v d r<fx 4g hygi dS hd r<fx g; ]g Cgu hckp Bkd hdlb3kx;kt kv a s , , s s jgkc kt jdyk[ kd ykr lb df kgd jkv k;nf jd nc e uoH dS güm s s s s , a X X s u Ikel 4CF pl gkoGv 4pgi ygetkj kuhr o 4k;yf kg Fkl d kukn u z X s qa X s s s X s m jdk/ ge7Fkg 4k;x Om rkg gcl ]kF kgj k;kl jH rkj kt _ef kjlhr s qa s s q s s 2srk i jd Cgu yg e k{hji hg so ]g rdl jd yg o kd kykol utf jgkc d X T s s s X s k{hji 4kd k;F√k{hji g krkg kr hg; 4CF hd yg k;yfgi hld7hld eyke X , s s a s , , w u 4kF k;x kg r¬;ø7r¬v e jH rkj xkenf dfk;D 4g rkg jkp df sF rdl s X X T s s s gd Cgu l endS 4rkt kg L[ jddkp o kr ]g rkg urdf kn jkv kn d s s s s \ T s s T s s s s , s f krNi Bkd lum jxv gcl 4kF kdp kg LcLx hH go ]F srukt o rgc7 w s s q q s \ \ s s q kLkF kt <jkd d suPi jH rkj 4g k;x kg ktg rgc df kyp kri skdum g s\ s s \ , s Z q cl udfsy 4g ktg k;D kr ;skl Cgu rkj dS df g rpkl hg; hHl ñFk{hji q , Z s X T s s `g tg k;D kr ;kl hH , Z s X s u rkj dS 4Cgu rpfm kukl ]kgd sukgüm ]kF ykol kd hxntf 4gj rjd s X a s s yg ykol ]gj rjd F¬Od kd kckrdf jH rkj o 4jiM d Xk;yfgi Cy jd s s a s X s s s hØdb ckrdf hLc sukgüm 4hy gkyl jdkt l kj;ufhtb ukgüm 4kNi sl kuk} X \ X s X a s X w X of d r<fx ukgüm 4F jknukdn d kykr kt ]kNi l kjknukdn jdkt ukgüm s s X s w s X s w s X q s X
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4g krdl Li Bkul Cgu , \ q jRm Bkd dr cr ]kg kryp jrhH yqxjk' kuiv dr ct dfk;D 4g hjWt s s s X T kun k[ nç' jkl suiv ]rhprkc hjkl huiv jGf kr ]kd jiM kg kuul jR s s s s s q m kd hldf jxv jkv 4;kt kv kr kg jRm Bkd jxv df kgj krjd k{hrzi s , s s s s Glf e 4kF krjd k{hri hd jRm dlm e 4hn LkN ∂Gf huiv ue 4kF u Z T z s T s\ s T ykol Bkd kd suyef jRm d ke®keji Syflb 4F gj tk[ jRm suiv eqr s s s s s 4g krdl kg hg kd ke®keji jRm g; ]g Cgu kje jRm g; 4g k;kv jRm , s , s , g; 4hF hn jd nc tk[ cl ue 2g kyk[ Cgu ue g; 4k;x yduf jgkc a s s T , s s T T e ]kF ky[ ktkojn ]kOm e 4g Cgu nc ktkojn ]g ky[ ktkojn ][sn jdO q T , a , q m df kykc jrhH je Bkd ]kOc uke gjr hjwi e ct 4k;x kg ukjg e jkv s s s s , , T s , T , 4g krgkp kuOc jsn hL wa , kF ikpip d nç' kucf e cv 4kvkt kg kncf ]kjd ke{ ]kgd ue ]F nç' s\ q s T s s s s T s lki je urtf 4k;nf LkN ukK kjkl kuiv sue `g krdl kv jRm k;u Bkd s s s s\ T , s k;D df [n jdOc ikpip e 4n LkN ∂Gf hd jRm ukji df kpkl ue S wa s , q T wa s\ s q s s T yflb 4g krdl kv Cgu ekd jRm kukji 4g ukji jRm cl lki je jkv g , q T s q s s , , k;u ykol 4kx;kt kg ydæfe kujd yg kd ykol hg kurm ]kxMkt kg r s s q a s k'v kurtf jkv kxMkt kg rk'v hg kurm ]kxWd ''fkd hd utk[ jRm a , a s a a s s s kurtf e df kpkl sue dfk;D `g krdl tk[ jRm Nd hH l rfk' e k;D T s T X wa s q s a T `g krdl kv jRm hH l uke je k;D ][n jkv 4Mkt Oc jdkg rk' jkv , s , s s wa s , a , s a , uke jkv ]n LkN ∂Gf hd ukK uiv e df g hg; rpfm df kpkl ue jGf , , wa s\ s T , s s T `Wd k;D e jGf kr g ekdc go a T s , s ]g ukK kje kt 4g Cgu /cl hH Bkd kd ykol llm ]g k[hl ue hH kt , s s , a a s s , s T s dr cv 4g krukt Cgu ydycf e kdltf ]g k;u ydycf ykol dfk;D 4kr wa q T s , q X dl kg Cgu hH Nd llm ]g krukt hH kt e df kpkl ue dfk;D 4k;df Cg s q s wa s T s s T X u hH Nd ue ]kgd su henkv lm `k;D k;df uer df xy uNi kukn o ji q s T s q s s w X s s 4g <{y kygi kd henkv , uke0fc g; 4k;x yduf jgkc g; ]kF kdIv ktkojn `Cgu k; g k;¬el d q , f kgkp ku[n g; sygi lcl sulb 4g k;nf ;pjfi kd kRe0fc u henkv lb s s , q s 4g hjWt kuy ukt sygi kd k;¬el `g krdl kg ld uk/kel , s s , s s , kdlm kr kg u k;¬el jxv jkv 4g krdl kg uk/kel kdlm kr kg k;¬el s s , , s s s `Cgu k; hH g ykol df Sgfkp kuy ukt kr g; ]kjd yg ykol eqr , s s s df sygi dlb 4Cgu k; g nc ktkojn df kx[n g; ygi lcl go ]kxkg u s , a s s s s s ke0fc knk;† lcl kt ]l e kuhr er df F rgkp kuukt g; eg jkv 4kF q s s s X X q s s , kvg kdIv Glf ktkojn 4hF u hg rjWt hd ujd Nd kg; ]kgd u Ikel q Z s q a s z 4 Syf d uyduf k;df Cgu hH Nd ulb `g krdl yduf ld henkv g; ]kg s s q s , s ,
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yk[ [kv jkc7jkc go 4X;kt kg e®[ cd Iufef ln df kxgj hg krpkl g s a s s s o ]kxgj hg kryp go3g ykt kd knç' go jrhH dfk;D ]hxkg BkuOfd hLc s , X X s \ `rdl Oc Cgu ip jdkg rk' hH eg Syf d s , q s a s Iufef ln Fkl dub k;D 4g rk' aSkog ]g rak' jkr7nkp ]g rk' {o3g r s T a T s a T a 1 , a k' ydycf Gjr kjkp rkj ]g r[n `kg; eg Syf d Iufef ln xjd k;D q X T s s a s s X 4g hrdl uc dofr¬ko kuokHl hdum ]g rjd , a T s eJ kl7kLkF kt 4g tgl ]k'eg kuokHl 4g krdl kg yd go ]kvg Cgu t s\ s , s a , s q kv kt 4g krdl kg cv go ]g kvg Cgu hHd kt udfy 4kxkg kvg Cgu Sy s , s , q s s s q flb ]g k;df Cgu xk;i Bkd hHd ueg dfk;D 4g Cgu BkuOfd Bkd Xelb ] , s z s s X , s g krdl kg g; 4jd ''fkd hd ukg iqp e _fkj rk' lb Iufef ln hH eg , s X s s s X a 4kF kd ke® keji kt ]kF k;kv l Bkjgx ]kF k;kv l jiM Cgd go 6kF Cgu kuiv kdl s s s m jRm kt3kyef jRm Nd lm kr k;x kg uke <ijfi go ct j,kv 4hd u s q s s s , Z w s kt kg u,ke ]hd sukt kg Iybkl ]hd sukt kg ikpip hd ∂Gf jkv k;nf LkN s s X s q , s\ kd Xknç' jkl uiv ulm `jsn hurm k;df k;D u henkv lm `ulm kxkg k s s s s s s s ;df k;D 4ikpip k;x Oc jdkt e jed lm kt ]jd yk;[ kd henkv lm q , X s s X 4[n jdkg X s s uke ]jdkg iqp kjt kd Iuef ln ikv jkv ;kt xt lk;î Bkd ]s;kt kv yk , s s , s s ;[ Nd kdikv l ugd je df g krdl kg udfy 4krdl kv Cgu e >el q s s s s s , s s X hdikv l ugd je go ]g kgd sue kt dfk;D 4xX;kt kg knof jkv xXOc Iu s s s s , T s X s s , s , fef ln Syf d uk;÷ eg jGf 4kxMk>el e /cl d uk;÷ lb Iufef kn7dS s a X a a s s 4g krgd uk; wa ÷ e hg kd xk;i d ukg nç'Auf lb 4[n djd xk;i hH kd ukg nç'Auf jk T s s z s s s X s s s z s s c dS ]g k[n jdgj e knç' dr unf rgc 4g krdl kg k;D df [n jdskg , s X X q , s X s uke jkc dS ][n jkc dS 4nç'Auf X;kt kg jkv nç' cl n LkN3g krgd , X s s , X s\ wa jkc7jkc jdn jkt e Syflb `g krdl yp kri ld kd h<ko hdlm eg s s T , s , X df e krkc hg huiv g Sg cL urb eg `hxdl Li Bkul kgd eg tkokv X X T q s w s s \ q a X rk' hdlm df g s;k[ e knç' urb eg `g kgd ntke kd uul eg udfy a T s X X s T a w , s s q s 4g krn dr¬n ji jk} jkeg yirfi ]g krjkdi tkj eg go , s s z , q s X n;k' 4g Iduf dcl eg go 4g jk} kdlm e rfk' jkv e ;ü' jkv uke , s , X a , X w , , 4g k;nf jd nc kuyp Nhi d , a s s henkv sukgütf ]g ;ki kOm [kv Gjr hd ke®keji xky o jkv 4g hy jd X T s X a s s , T nc [kv ji kckrdf hjkl hd k;efnkv ukgütf ]g xky hgo o ]g hyk[ c a X a X X s X T s s , s krdf hd ke®keji u kxky utf 4g k;nf jd uke kd knç' Sg [hl uiv uk s X s , , s X q s s s X gütf ]g xky hgo o ]g kukt kd ;®l l ke®keji u kxky utf 4g hn k[ t T s s , s s s X s , s kokv huiv ukgütf ]g xky hgo so ]g hul tkokv hd ke®keji u kxsky utf s X T s , q s X
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044 fo 651 egaP

T s g gj yp go df xgj r[sn ikpip hH kdum kr xyp jkpof jrhH 4g gj s X s q s s s X T s jd oHuv go ]g kgj kg oHquv kt 4g kgj Li Bkul kt ]g gj ul ikpi q , s s , \ q s T s q p Glf eg 4g jknhxkH dS ]e dIku dS g Oc eg 4xjd Cgu hH Nd eg q Z T X T s , s X q 4sx;kt gj jduc h{kl ikpip eg S X q yf d Iufef ln Glf ]Syf d Iufef ln eg ;df nc [kv e hu'kj hd nk s Z s s a a X s a p lm 4hxgj hrjxf sphu hu'kj hdlm hl7heh/ ]g 'kdi kd nkp 4kx;kt k s s , z a s s g kj/v ]hx;kt hn k>c hytcf jGf 4sxn LkN hyhP dyi hd k[kv l sjh/ s a s q X s\ X X a s 4Li u jkt Bkd ji k[kv hH e sujd nc 4sxy jd nc kd k[kv rkc hjlwn s \ s s X a X a X a s X a 4kg u uI¬ Bkd ]kg u s ≠s s s e jhj' okur Bkd ]kg u <ki Bkd e jhj' lt ]xOc jdLkN kyhP l ekj X s X z s X s , s X , s\ s kv ydycf kd jhj' kr sxOc Syf d xk;i eg ct df g g; kr rkc hygi q s s X , s s z , s 4g _ T l l7IkN uhr7kn d xk;i lm 4xjd xk;i dS kd h{kl eg Iufef ln kr w s s s s s s z s X s z s 4g krkt uc q;®e hd knç' okHh{kl , 1 X 4g rkt kg W' uk[ nç' ]g T s s q s s , hrkv kg Wq' hukg rfk' dS jrhH kr ikpip ;kt gj r[n Glf ikv jxv s s a s q X s s Z 4g hrI? kuI? rqHnv hLc dS kr jd u hH Nd jkv ;kt gj kr[sn Glf , \ s s q , s Z 4skg hryp ji ni e¥Gf lt ][n gjr lb kd s , s s s X s kxky Sg ryp jkv kd kukdn Bg hryp e jktkc jkv kg kL[ e dIku hl q s , s X q q X , s \ X df l,t ];kt kg kL[ e jktkc gjr lb jkv3s;kt kg kL[ e jktkc henkv s s s \ X , s \ X Bkd lt 4[n jkrd hd k;{fi Sg rLm ][n kd kynkc Sg ryp e 'kd s s , s s X q s \ s s s X q s X kv jkv ;kt kg kL[ sphu d 'kdkv henkv Bkd lt 4[n kvg krgc kd h , s s \ s s s , s s q s nu jkv s;kt kg kL[ jkudf d hnu henkv Bskd lt 4kxgj kr[n Glf ]kxW , s \ s s s , wa s Z a d Cgu hH Nd l Gjr huiv e 4kxgj krjd oHuv kdlm ]g kgj kg kt q s T wa q , s s 4kxgj kr[sn ikpip Glf e 4g kI‘– dS ]g d'n dS e df ;kt Oc jdy wa q Z T wa wa Z T X , s okH dS Glf jrhH uiv Iufef ln ikv jxv 4kxkg Nd Gjr kjkp 4hx; Z s s q X X kygf kd kRi Skog ]hxjtqx hLkx Bkd ji r¬kj ]kxjd jk' h{i Bkd ]kxsjd s X a s \ s s s s s tkokv kpπc Bkd3Gjr kjkp jkeg g xky ; ]Gjr kjkp jkeg g rkj g; s X s T s s X s , 4g krdl kg rk' go ]s;kt Oc jdkg luIof ]h{kl jxv , s a , s s hH Syf d Iufef ln henkv kt 4kd okHh{kl g kr¬kj go j,kv3g Cgu kr s s , , ¬kj kjln Bkd hHd ]g kr¬kj hg dS 4kd ukg ip e k;ufn g kr¬kj hg dS w s , s s q X q , `s;kt kg ip go lltf ]xjd k;D s q s s X 4jd xk;i dZoi'kg kLkF eg jxv ]g krdl kt k;df ip go udfy ]Cgu X s z w s s\ , q s 4kxkg Cgu ip go 4kxn koax Iufef ln Xe krkc hd gjr hlb s q s X ue kyFm go ]g Lbke ky' kl7kIkN kt go ]g xkenf Nπr jrhH kt go , a s s s s , q s ]g ykt kd knç' jrhH kt go `g gj jd k;D henkv hlkLi df kx[n jd , X s T s s \ s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 751 egaP

4g hujd rkc Nd , q hg ji krdl um e kpp erfv lb 4g rdl kt ;df rdl Nd e /cal d X s a X Z a T s s s a q X a s kr¬kj um 4g rdl kt ;df jk'b Nd e /acl d kr¬kj um hH jGf udfy X T s s s q X a s X s 4g krLi kukuc kr¬kj hg kuiv kd rDf;ø d;®zi , \ s s 4g rkt k[ e 'kdkv ]g rkt Nqai ]g srk T s s X T s T t Ief „pf7<jp jkv g kryp henkv kgo 4krkg Cgu hg refuf kr¬kj Bkd , , a s Z s kgo udfy 4F rdl pgi ji kj['f um djd uexuv kd hldf eg kr sr a s s s qa X s q s kg suc jxv r¬kj 4g Cgu kvg kuc kr¬kj hH Bkd ygi d uyp 4g kruc k s s , q s s s s , r¬kj kgo hg l suyp 4g krLi kukuc kr¬kj kuiv hg a;o¬ kd rDf;ø d;®i a s , \ s s z 4g Cgu r¬kj ;k/c7/c Bkd ]g suc Cgu Fitkj Bkd ji xke d ;®l hg slS T s s a s a s T s Z s s 4g krkg kuLm ji xke hg uiv k , s \ Z s s d h{i d;®i 4Cgu ;kim hH Bkd kd uyp ji xke d k;{fi ;x Lm xkv s z s s Z s X s \ s ]kd k;{fi yko ukv sNhi 4rkt IwN Cgu Nhi „pf dum Bkd kr g srL\m Xe s X s s s s s s s T 'kdkv h{i lt 4ruc Cgu „pf7<jp Bkd e rxt d kurp 4e k;LfLxi s , s s X s s X X a ub jkv e k;LfLxi um g dG dS udfy 4g hH k;LfLxi hyko uPp ji , X X a , Z s T a a s \ kj['f d kurp hg lo ]g k;LfLxi hyko suPp ji roi lb d jkujxf slt X s s s , T a a \ Z s , 2krki kg Cgu oHquv Bkd kd kj['f d kurp 2g rn kox uoht s s X s s T s s a Sg rjd k_k; hg ji kj['f d jF®i kr eg 2krki yp Cgu hH kri Bkd q s X s s s kd kjnfe d jrhH jkv g rkt gj dIH hg e kjnfe d jgkc kr eg udfy X a s , T s s X X a s s s 4g 'kdi ohr hH jkv kd ke®keji ji k , z z , X jnfe um 4g jnfe Sg rdep knk;† hH lub hH ji kj['f um d ke®kv 4 a T a q s s X s g j['f7jkujxf hg lS hH d ke®kv ]k;kv yk;[ >e jd[n kd Xkjnfae um T s s s s q s s 4g k;kv hHv3k;kv e jd[n kd kjnfe rdep d jkujxf e 'kdi sd ;wl wa T s s X a s s X z Z ]ue®kv ;if z 4kgj Cgu rpfjfi hH hHd go lltf ]kxs;kt kg rpf s s jfi l henkv ;u dS jrhH uiv go 4hxsxy ukg eyke rkvQ' hd k;ufqn s s s s s w q h;u Nd llm 4hxn yk[ jk} dS jrhH e suhge uhr Ikp hd Iufef ln 4 q s s s X s kxs;kt kg ukjg go e uhge uhr 4gj krjd ygi d ukl rkj tkj Iufef l s , X s s s s s s s n go kr g krdl kg Nd df xy kd hldf jkv xy jdrfhi kd hldf jxv s , s q s s , s z s 4kg; xjd eg S a s X yf d xk;i kr g; 4g krkt Om end e k;ufn h;u dS kr ;kt kg uke c s s z s , X q s s s , l jrhH jxv ]hH kd <{ dS ]hH jkc dS 4kxs;kt kg kni hH jrhH kIkU s s , l hg kurm ]g jgkc kIkUl kurtf3hxkg hukjg ji u[n Iufef ln ikpip , s , s s q 4 , g kusn uyp lm ]g kryp kt 4g gj jd Cgu hH Nd eg 4g gj [n eg ] s s , s T s q T s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 851 egaP

2d Ikzel lm h;x kv hlg ji kOkg s a X s ];kv Cgu lkv e k[kv hdlm udfy 4g hrkj hu®i ]g kdp je kIc jgkc k s w a X X a s , s , q s s r k[n 2;†kj kLc kd ñro∂p go k;x k[ ]Ic gjkc o s;x k[ ]yge <o¬ s \ s s s s s Z d suil o s;x k[ 4kOm go jdyk[ [kv 4hd Ikel h;x y[ nCu l ukj 4h s s s s a z q s s s xy ukj jdIhi hrkN hu®i 4h;x II lkl hd sIc Sg Iy jgkc lb hHr jkv s s w a s q s s , 4g e nukv rfv go ]g k;Pfhl hd krkjgkot7jhg , X a T a \ X s ]lki dlm g yge d <o¬ ];†kj g kvg kyG ji hoƒi hjkl 4uke0fc rqgc s T s Z , q , 1 q ]F¬o¬ rgc ]hdum g k;kd hlt <o¬ ]jnl rgc ]dlm g Ic gjkc 4g d q , , Z qa q s T s s wa yfke e kd hoƒi hjkl df k[sn ulm e suil lm 4kvg W' kukv kuil dS T 1 s X q q 4kF dyfke k d ;†kj lm ]yge lm kt 6kF kLi jkehc ji Ik[ uekl kt ]kd Ic lm k; s \ s s s s s x yH hg rkl 4k;x kl chjd d tc pki kOc hg kOc ji ñld huiv Ikel w s s s s s a , , q z 4h;x xy hdi> hdlm rkg7rkg jkH gcl 4kgj kOc krxkt jH rkj Ikel s s s s s q , z 4hF kuokHl hlß ]kxs;kt >c k;hn kdlm hg a q rkj lm 4g Cgu nheém Bkd hd upc df kF kgd u kdl®dfpf 4kF kLi j , s s s X \ i k;…'7<je hgo ]kdlm kF kIc hg dS 4kLi jkehc _i ko; kd Ikzel dS s \ q q 4g kuil hH k;ufn go ]g gj [sn k;ufqn , q T s jdyk[ [kv kt eg df g rgd o ]g rxkt rfi d ;®l Lc jkv xky kt s a s T s s T s z s s \ , s s 2g krdl kg ;®lv hH go ]g gj [n eg kt df krkv Cgu , s T s s s hg <je¬ g; 2g krLi ewyke hg ;®l ;el r[n kuil hH jGf 4g sr[n u , \ s s T s s il jH uoht ]g r[n uil tkj7tkj ]g r[n uil jkc7jkc 4g krkg eyke T s s s s s T s s s , s w ;®l hH uîo¬ 4g ;®lv go ]g gj [n ikv kt df kxkg kyp Cgu kri kl , T s s s s s X S e uîo¬ kdikv hHd 4g krLi eyke ;®l hH kuil ;el r[n kr g sr[ s , \ w s s s T s n kuil eg jH rkj 4k;df Cgu jkpof rgc n;k' ueg hHd udfy 4Tg srht q s s hg jduke ;®l lb eg Ar<jk/kl 4g hjWt kujd jkpof kLkF e /cal lb s , s\ X a ` g kuil dS k; g ;®l g;3g k_k; hcay hd dr q;®e jdy l eüt skt g; , , , 1 s s 4g rdl kygi g;3 , s a g krLi kujd Wq' ku>el rfkH hd uil kd uoht lb güm ]g hujd k_k; , \ a s s X , hd ;®l gütf ]g krLi eyke ;®l eg uoht skt 4hxOm Cgu hH [kv hjkeg X , \ w X X X a X e k'nf lm ]g ;®l kt dr cr ]sx;kt yp >el ;®l kd uoht lb eg , s X s s s dr ct jkv 4g Cgu ;®l uoht go ]g r>el ;®l eg kd uoht ltf Ar< , , T s s jk/kl df g g; rdl kygi go jkv 4g kuy >el rdl kygi güm ]g hu , s a , , s s a X , jd k_k; hd ;®l kd kxky utf3rkc hygi hd rdl lb 4kxkg kuy >el k s X s s a s s Ls\kF lb 4g dyfkcélf ]g drfdkl kLkF _l kjlhr g; 4kxWd rkc likv j s , , s a s\ w a s i _l jlhr tkv jkv ]jkv Nd e _l jln ]CF hgd rkc Nd e _wl ygi w s , , q X w s w X q X s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 951 egaP

hyrrf e uil henkv kd eku l®xkoπ jxv df k;x kg kni uæi dS e u X s q a s , z X e je kr kxkt e ct udfy 4kF dhO kr krkg hg; kyeke ]kgd u ql®xakoπ s s s T s s s s 4g krdl , kg hH Nd e suil henkv `g k;¬el hLc hl ukd hlS elb ]kgd u kxky s q X , \ , s X s X s 4g kgj jGf krLm ji kyG7kyG jkv g k;x wa \ X w X w , wa kg hyrrf e sphxc dS e df k[n ue e uil lm 4k[n kuil dS ue rkj s X T s s T X s s s T 2hxdl kg Cgu yg go ]uoht ji lb cv n;k' df g krp s s s w wa kl e jkv 4xkdl jd u yg hH er udfsy ]jWt kxMkrc ]kgd u ql®xakoπ s T , s s q a s `k;¬el g; g k;D 2h;x kv k;¬el Bkd hH kdikv 4g rkt kg uk/kel d kvk;¬el , s s T s s s X hHl jkv g rkv lki dikv jdy aSk;¬el cl huiv kr eg ]kgd u kxky , T s s s s s X s 4kr>l Cgu >e yg w s q Bkd kdltf ]g k;x Li e u>ym hlß dS pepl tkv ]kxy ugd ql®xakoπ s wa \ X q s `g k;D rrfpV `g k;D lknm T X T X ikv tkv 4g h[n Igkjd¬e knl ji kOkg dikv ]kg ;kN ynkc h;kn[qn hg , s q q X s s X s urdf ji uoht gkp jkv kg h;kN hj/v jk?u? hg hurdf e 'kdkv gkp 4 s s , s s a s X s k[n Cgu lknm hHd kdikv ]sxy uNi jkv ;kv ut;if dlm ]s;kv _ef d s s s w , s z s s lm 2jgkc d Lik> k;x Oc lknm jkv kOm gcl unf dS 4kF k[n Cgu lk s s \ s , , q s nm hHd ]kF k[sn hg rlg lm su kxky 4kF jhdG dS ]kvg e uhp ql®xakoπ s a s X s q X 4g suil hg kukn o udfy 2g r[n jdyk[ T X s s s T s s s [kv eg kt ]g kuil dS jkv g r[sn djd nc [kv eg kt ]g kuil dS a s , , T s s a a s , 2k;x yH w go ]kF kLi Bk[nf e nc [kv kt go ]kr hy[ [kv ct jkv 2kF k;x yH \ X a a s s q a , w go ]hF nc [kv dr ct dfk;D 4kuil kd [kv hy[ dS jkv kuil kd n a a X a q , c [kv dS 3g Cgu kr suil hg kukn Cgd df h;x kv Syflb hlg >e jkv a a T s X s a s q , `Syf d Ic lb k; Syf d ;†kj Lc lm ]Syf d kyge7<o¬ s s s s s \ s X Z um ]Syf d kIc gjkc um `Mkj Syf dldf e df g krpkl e cv 2g ;x s X s a s s T wa s T T s k[ Ic gjkc o cr ]g kgj Li h;k[nf kIc g; ct cv jkv 2hF Cgu nk; s s s s , \ s , Bkd hd Ic lb ]F Ic gjkc o dr ct 4g kLi jkehc kt ]g kIc Bkd kj s s s s s s s , \ s , s s e df kF Cgu hH nk; >e 4kF k;x k[ ]hF nac [kv dr ct ]kIc g; jkv s s q s a s , 2g ;x k[ cl o kr ]g kryk[ [kv 2;x uN T s s s s wa s a s f Ic o je ]k;x uNf ;†kj kjkl kje go jkv Bkj wr 4kF ;†kj kLc ]sF yg s s s s s s , s \ e d sukl ]F Ic je gjkc hHv7hHv `Mkj Syf d kIc udf df g k;x L\i s s s s s s s a s s X s wa e krpV lb e 4g hgj kv l rkc jkv hldf hlg >qe ]kxy ugd Ikel go X T , s , a s s z 2kg gj lg er jkv g k;x je kIc ` s s a q , , s kg ;x kg yxki er k;D `k;x kg rî{fof ue kjkgér k;D ]hxy ugd hu®i s s s q s q s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 061 egaP

2h;x kv hLik[ e phc kgd ]k; \ s X a x kg ud'iv df kr>el 4krkg k;nf jd xyv kd hLik[ lm jdjke rky s q s s \ s l jkt kr krskg henkv Bkd jkv 4h;x kjdI l kji dlm go 4hd henkv h s s s s , s X , s F hLi hLik[ dS ji I?je dS kr k;kv jgkc d okx 4kF rDo kd rkj 4k \ \ s s s a F kryduf l okx dS jkc dS l®xkoπ hgo ]hgd rkc uTe hd l®xkoπ ltf s a q a s q a `g ;¥e kurdf kd h , w xnatf lm ]kg hrkt k[ Arrv hxntf kt `g Fv kurdf kd ukg pl d hxn s s a a s , Z s s s tf lm ]kg hrkt kg [kj e j[fkv hxntf kt kr 4xyp ji d kxky ji [k a s s X a s s s X , s X s j hjkeg nkc "o jktg l tkv 4sx;kt k[ hH eg yd ]g Oc kntV eg tkv Z s X s T s , 4g ;x k[ e hÈef cl ]tkv gj o u ]hdum hgj hx T s s X s s ntf u cv 4g hpπl rgc df hxkg hLi eyke hxntf güm cr ]xkg gj ct a , q s \ w a X s X s s , o `g krLi dG k;D l ukg u jkv sukg dum tkv 4g dp Ief j,kv g gj \ Z s s s , s s T s q T s xky kcjv7kcjv urdf ukt u eltf ]g uk'eæ kLc dS uhet hjwi 4g [ s X X s s X , \ , kj hd kxky surdf eyke u ]g h;kel hÈef hd kxky urdf eyke7u e <d X s w , X s s w X 7<d dlm ]g Oc kgt eg 2ygi leg g dp gj xky urdf ji uhet lb s T s , a s s T s q s s 4 hF hI? e hxnatf go hg e pl ]hF h[sn e uil ulm kt k; hF hukgd dS X X X s s s go ]hF ht ulm hxntf kt `g krLi eyke dG k;D kd henkv <{ rje s a s , \ w Z s s `kF kyef e ;®l k; kF kyef e uil dS go 3kF kyef ukeiv kt ]kF X X s s kyef ukeél kt 3kF hH kt `kxLi ewyke dG k;D ji u[n jdIky Nhi ` s s s \ Z s s , s kxLi eyke dG k;D kr `kF kvg e uîo¬ dS k; kF kvg e pl go ]kF k s \ w Z s q X q X vg hH kt e k"o lkpi um df [n Gjr hd Nhi jdIky ikv jxv 4"o l q s X ˜ X s s , Z kpi su hldf ]"o lhykp su hldf ]"o g–i su hldf3g hy ht hxntf uikv Z Z a , a s 4krkg Cgu eyke knk;† l uil ;¥e kdlm s w s s w ]g r[n eg kt hH jdyk[ [kv jkv 4g rkt kg e k;ufn hjln hldf e T s s s s a , T s s X q w g hg rkg nc [kv 4g krkt kg uhyof jkv g krkt k[ jkv g krkt Ief g s s a a , s , , s , , o hg rkg nc [kv dfk;D `g Cgu uîo¬ kd [kv hy[ dS k;D hH go ]g s s a a X , a q T r[sn jgkc eg kt ]g krgd dhO l®xkoπ 4kxdl kg Cgu ;r hHd g; n;k' s s , q a s s 4g k;x Li e ydæfe rgc Te wa \ X q q `kxjd ;r ukd g; cv jkv 2kd sukg hyrrf k[n kuil ultf ]g henkv s , , s s s wa e df k; kd sukg henkv g hgj [n kuil kt ]g hyrrf e df g kgj ki j T s , s s wa T wa d Cgu ;r e cv jkv 4g hrdl kg henkv e uil hH hyrrf kr g krdl T , , s X s s , kg hyrrf e uil henkv jxv 4g uk'ji l gcl e 2h;x kg l®xkoπ df skg s X s wa s s q T s q a hr[n kuil jkv kg h;x kl hyrrf df g Cgu kr klS Cgd kr g krdl skg s , s s , s s s ,
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044 fo 161 egaP

4g k;x hg kg g; ct `g rjWt k;D h , s , d ukg tkjku kr s;kt xy ji kd hldf jxv e jlf je tkv kr g kukt skg s s s , X s s s , hg; e j[fkv ct 4kxdl jd u hH Nd e jGf jkv hxxy jdkO hd kxky X wa q T , s s X s rjGf7ryp 4hxgj hLi ji I?je hldf ]yd Cgu tkv kt ]gj nk; hd hL s s s \ s s \ s ik[ huiv hH >e df g kr[j lki uiv Syflb lb e ]kxy ugd ql®xakoπ s q wa s s T s 4g krkg e , s yke yk;[ kd suil hldf ]hrkg ewyke Cgu r;yflv Bkd kukg kLc jkv kI w s s s \ , s kN 4g hrn jd kl7dS jkv g hrn kIef kd kuil cl hÈef kt `g Cgu kr , s , , s s X s , s kuil dS Cgd kukg kLc jkv kukg kIkN kr g rkt yef e hÈef hHl Lc j s \ , s s s T s X s \ kv IkN ct jkv 4kF kIkN ukd ]kF kLc ukd df hrjd Cgu dG Bkd hÈef , s s , s , \ , Z s 4hd henkv Lc j s \ kv hd henkv IkN3g hrkt yef e hÈef k;Lfik[ cl ]xy ugd _ef udfy , s s T X a \ s s s s 2g hL\ik[ hd , s henkv Lc df g g; kr <jkd kLc lcl 4g <jkd Bd ]kxy ugd ql®xakoπ s \ , s \ s T s `g k;D rjWt hd uxke ke{ 4 , s a jd[j lki uiv kd hLik[ lb sxkvkt kg yxki df k;k>el rgc u k_ef s s \ s s s q s X 4kxy suxke ke{ jdOm gcl tkj jkv k;x y Fkl uiv kd hLik[ lm go a q s , s s s \ s 4kx[j hg Fkl uiv kd hLik[ lb jkv g krxke ke{ sl wa s s \ s , wa a lb e l k<jkd Bd hH jkv ]Sgfkp hg huxke >qe kr ke{ ]Cgu ]kgd u ql T s X , a s s s ®xkoπ `g k;D ykol kd rchle kr g Cgu g; cv ]xy ugd xky o udfy a , q s , s s s s s 4hrkt kg rchle hje kr krkg tkv henkv g; jxv 4g Cgu hL\ik[ s q s s s , s hd henkv <jk/kl hldf ]g hLik[ hd henkv Lc hldf g; ]kgd u ql®xakoπ , \ s s \ s 2g rgj e;kd dG hH ji uje ]g hg rgj dG kr e hxntf 2xy T s Z s T s Z s X a v d k;efnkv jhev ]xyv d k;efnkv chjx g rkg xyv7xyv hH I?je s X s X T s s 2g I?je kd kxky sLc d , X s \ s okx g; ]g Cgu I?je kd kxky IkN g; ]g Cgu kri gér ]kgd u ql®xakoπ a , X s s s , X q s 4g Cgu kntV henkv g; cv ]xy ugd xky o udfy , s s s s s 4hrkt kg rchle hje tkv kr krskg s q s s kntV henkv g; jxv ]g rkc hd dG d ;el LkF kr go ]kgd u ql®xakoπ , Z s s s\ s s `kg gj xke ke{ lldf `kg rjd uiyxki k;D ]xy ugd _ef d ql®xakoπ s s a s s s s s s 4kF k;x j e cd henkv go ewyke u ]hd henkv Sg je3hd henkv hF hLik[ go cv q s \ s 2g kg; ikv df k;ki Cgu [n e ]g rkj ]g kj/av 6k;x xy ji kje l yH T a s T , , s , s s w ]>e kn jd ke{ ]kxy ugd 4kxy uxke ke{ rgc7rgc jkv k;yf kxy sl s q s s s a q q , jlf jdkOm kd hLik[ lm ulm 4kF henkv rHnv rgc kr l®xkoπ udfy s \ s s q q s q a s
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044 fo 261 egaP

4xn n hHv ]k s X s s dQ <{ dS 4g krkg kd k"o kcj[7kcjv hH <{ dS kgo ]g hrkg hd kcj , s ˜ X X a , s X [7kcjv hLkd dS e xo¬ ltf ]Cgu yk;[ gér df kgd u kvkron um kr X ,\ X Z X q s X s s `kxrhc cd <{ dS go ];'kge ]kgd ulm kr xy urhc kIa? s s s s s X 4jkc <{ dS xXn sn gér eg ]kjgO <{ dS ]kjgO ]kgd u kvkrosn um s X q s s s X 4hd xo¬ hL,\kd dS g hrkg hd Xkc Z , s j[7kcjv ]g kul sue 2hLkd dS Glf ]g krgkp hLkd dS e df kgd ulm X , q T ,\ Z wa ,\ T s `kg gj jd k;D df kNi llm su kvkron 2hn jd W' hutk[ s s w s X s q s hLkd ulm ]hy[ e xo¬ [kv hg l,t 4g hrkg hd kcj[7kcjv dfk;D 4;kt ,\ s q X Z a s , s X X X s kg ctx kr ;kt yef hH hLkd dS e xo¬ jxv df kje rpkl hg; hH r s s s ,\ X Z s s Do rje 4kF kgj krjd Ødb hg ;iQ jH hxntf kr henkv go 4g hrkg hd s s s a s , s k;iQ kcj[7kcjv hH hLkd dS7dS hd kgo ji upgi e xo¬ df kF kvg X X X ,\ a s qa X Z q k[yf e ckrdf lm jkv hF hPi ckrdf dS ulm rDo rje 4F s;df Ødb X , \ s s s s s , li jH hxntf ulm 4kF lwtd rgc henkv go 4kje henkv dS ]g kuql uTe a s a q , s 4n;k' g , Cgu Bkcay hH Bkd `g Bkcy hurdf hd "o kl e kjk/ hd uoht Ikjof lb s , a Z , X 4g krkt rhc <{ dS ]g hrkt rhc dIf7dIf hd hL? lt ]g rkt rhc hg , , \ s , T s s Z , lsS "o kl 4s;x rhc cd "o kl df kryp Cgu hH kri kd kjkr7nkp 4krk Z , s X a s g Cgu Fv hH Bkd `g krkg Fv k;D kd "o kl e gkoi d ;el Ikjof lb Z s , s Z Z , X z s 4g ukji u T s q s rdf o df g ydæfe rgc kukxy k;“l hdum ]g jkr jkv kt s; 4g ukegse s , q q a T s , s , k;u rgc g; ]"o cjv gN ]g k;u lcl tjl g; 4g ukji rgc sllb o q Z , s w T s q q s ]g jkr jkv kt s; 4g Ffrfv k;u lcl e k;ufn tjl g; udfy ]g dp T s , s , s X q w s T s q kg "o cjv gN Bkd uc kd tjl lb 4g dp kg "o cjv jkp Bkd uc kd s Z s s s w T s q s Z s s s hoƒi lb 4rkg eyke Cgu knk;† l jH <{ hH "o kl e rxt Ikjof lb 1 s s w s Z , X skr [sn eg jdyk[ [kv hLkF jkv jxv udfy 4g hrkg hd "o kl ]"o hl¬ X s X a s\ , s , s Z , Z v7jRl kr hxntf ]e rkj g krkg kd jH <{ kr kuil df xgd eg udfy s a X , s s s X s `g <jkd kurdf kd uuke ;®l , s kgo ]kg krkt kg hÈef Nd hHl kgt jkv 4g krkt kg hÈef Nd hHl ]g k a s s q a , , s q , rkt k[ Nd hHl df xX;ki eg skr sx[n kd uoht l jkr¬of kLkF eg jxv s q s X s s s s\ 4g dhO cl df g , , krxy jkv g kuil kd jn hLkF ]g cko“ kd jn hLkF g; 4g Bg hjxf e hÈ , , s s\ , s s\ , q X ef kr g hukt jxf e hÈef hxnatf jxv jkv 4g hg Bg hIef kr g hukt Ie s , X , , q s , f hxntf jxv 4g k;x hg kg go ]g kukt hg kg kt df xgd o ]g rukt kt a , s , s s s X s T s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 361 egaP

knil dyfFd jkv `kxkg kul kgd eku kd ;knil dyfFd hH d Ze/ Bkl z a s , s q a z a s s B jkv kxkg kul l kgd eku kd e/ BklB d hoƒi kr kul Cgu eku hg kd , s q s a Z s 1 s q hoƒi ct 4hxy sukg nc hdlm udL/ hd ;nÔ ]C;x djl lkoæ hdlm cr 1 s a \ X `g kgd hoƒi g; ]g Cgu kul hHd eku g; df kgd u ykijk} lm , a 1 , q s 4g kgj kv l hoƒi ]kgd ulm wa s 1 s `kg ;kv l kgd 4kg; e y s s s a a X kd ruv ]k;x k[n hg jkc hygi rat7oht klt er df kgd u ykijk} lm a s q , q s `kF kyko sukv e ]Cgu kri kdikv df g krgd hjnki go T s , 4g hlkjip kd , jk} yod kr g; ]sxyef ji jk} ukoxH df kF krpkl e 4g hrkg eyke s s X s T , s w kruhn hLc e ue d hjnki lm 2kIkN kurb3krLi Cgu Bk[nf Cgd go hH \ X s s \ skdlm ]g henkv kyko k[kv jktg7jktg kt go `kg ;x kv l kgd ]kg hen , X a s s s s a s kv IkN urdf `rLi Cgu Bk[nf s>e ]kg ;x iNf kgd er jkv 4g ykijk} s s s s \ q s s a q , wa kd kg; ]g Cgu ukoxH e g krgd ]l jk} g krdk> henkv kt go udfy a wa T , s , a s s 2Bg kiÎ q hLc ];x kg uZ'n dikv ]ukoxH g ]g krgd go 2g hrLi eyke tjl dS \ s s s s , , \ w w 7dS [kv dS7dS 4re s;[fn ]s;jfd rkc l Cgo jkv s;bkt kg jrhH djd a s s , s s kiÎ ]g krgd jdky¥pf jkv g krkt kjc? go df g tr hurb o 4g [kv , , , T s s T X a jktg7jktg ]g Cgu [kv kn dS jkv ]g tr hurb [kv o dfXk;D 4g krkt T X a s , T s X a s , djl e /l hd jk} jkv g krkt kjc? hjnki go udfy 4g krdk> Bkd j X a , , s , a s kv g hry[ l e tkojn hdL[f dS ji sukpe yxjk' rgc ]uky¥pf rqgc , , q s X s \ q s q s 2g kLc rgc ktkojn dfXk;D , \ q ]hrkg Cgu tkokv Bkd udfy ]go g krIhi l jkt urb kg; j,kv 4g nac hg s s s , s s s a , ktkojn kg; 4sxyef jk;r kd ujd uxyVkv ]Sg s;kyG Fkg hg ji jk} uk a X , s s q , oxH kr kxMkt e ct 4g krjd kuFki jkv kti rkj unf hd ukoxH kr Te s a T wa Z z , w s df kF kpkl hg; ulm knl dfk;D 4g krkg h[n rgc jkv g krkt dF jd s s X , s q q , , dIi7dIi jlf go 4hrkg Cgu kni tkokv Bkd e IkUl uhgrav lm `hrskg s , s X s kni tkokv k;D hd k;dfiF hd henkv l7IkN lm ji jk} L\c urm udfy , X s s s s s s 4g krsn hdiF l jkt7jkt ji jk} lm go 4kr[hn Cgu , s s s rv Bkd kdlm udfy ]g krkt gj hg kr[n jkv g kr[n jdkOm jlf go a s s , s , , s 4kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd jkN7jkv dlm df g kLc kurb jk} udfy 4,g k; s s s s , \ s x pgi ji jk} d xo¬ go df k[n uîo¬ ulm jkv k;kl rkj dS hjnki d qa s Z s s , s S kd pp dS df g k[yf sulm 4g h[yf hukgd hl7hIkN dS u yslj L≠XIc Z , , s s `kxyp ;el dr cd ]g kgj yp s , ;el l cd 4g ydæfe kukxy cklgf kdlb ]g kukei uhgrv kurdf `g ZF s , q , , a , v k;D kd k"o kl e sukei uhgrv 4g Lc rgc ]ukei d uoht ]ukei kgo ˜ , X , a T s \ q s , s s , a

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044 fo 461 egaP

hd u'n d ;®l hg kurm ]g rkt kg rk'v jduke ;¥e eg kurtf jkv Z s T s s a w , 4g rkg rLfhi eg hg urm ]g ruke ;¥e eg kurtf 4g rkg uk'ji eg hg T s s \ s T s w T s s s s urm ]g ruke ;¥e eg kurtf 4g rkg rk'v eg hg urm ]g sruke ;¥e T s w , s s a s T w eg kurtf 4g rht hg jduke ;¥e Nd kuiv eg udfy `g ;¥e k;D kjke T s w q s , w g ji hoƒi lb jkv `g ;¥e k;D kd hoƒi e rxt d jkr¬of lb Lc urb 1 , , w 1 X s s \ s 2hxspgi Cgu hH hHd <jdf hdutf ]g rgd dufkKo ]g jk qa T s , T s r hH sxkv dlm 2sygi "o cjv jkp ]hF hgj uc hoƒi ct ]hF hyp ;el s Z 1 lm jkv 2hpqagi Cgu dr hoƒi dr cv ]<jdf Bg hyp lutf ]g hH jkr sl , 1 q s T s s T s S 4g rxy "o cjv ]g rxy "o Lkjd ]g rxy "o jktg ]g rxy "o kl Z T s Z s\ T s Z T s Z , s T s kn ]g rxy Z"o ,kl lutf ]g jkr d jn jkv 4g kjkr erIduf kr go jkv s T s s w , , s , 2g hrki pgi ji ho , qa ƒi e k"o jkp <jdf hyko uyp l jkr©j hd Ldl rfi yhe jktg hlk;N 1 X ˜ s s X s z f [ky dS 4g rkt xy "o jkp dr hoƒi e upgi kd <jdf hdlm ]g kjk , s Z 1 X s qa s , r kd Iduf lcl kt nkc d tjl 4g Cgu jn rgc udfy ]g jn rgc tjwl s s s w , w q s , w q 4g rkt xy T s Iufef ln e ukv <jdf l tjl 2g hryp <jdf l rfx hd yhe jktg h X s s w , s lk;Nf [ky dS e Ldl dS 4yhe jktg hlk;Nf [ky dS e Ldl dS g h X X s X X s , ryp <jdf hd tjl 4g tr rgc k_k; hd <jdf j,kv 4g rkt xy Iufef w , s q T s ln dr hoƒi e ukv kd <jdf l tjl lb 4g knk;† rgc kylkG dfk;D ]g 1 X s s s w , q X T s \ rLi Bk[nf IkN udfsy ]g Lc7L\c rgc l tjl o ]e 'kdkv g rLi Bk[ s s T s \ s q s w s X T s \ nf eg jkr kt so 4g gzx kIkN rgc tjl jkv g kLc kux jktg Okl tjwl X s s , s q w , , \ q l hoƒi lb 4g hrLi ewyke hLc hurdf eg udfy ]g hIkN hurdf hoƒi g; s 1 , \ \ X s , s 1 2g kukdOf Bkd kd hoƒi kgd , s 1 a kgo ]g go e rxt Ikjof ltf df g kryp kri kGn hygi kdlm jkv g a , X , s , , krOm kg jrc7jr l suhli go 4g hrkt y[ nCu hd hjnki lm e Igkjc? s s , q X 2kuxy kri g uOfd rgc udfy 4kx; , q s s kt yp kri n;k' l ujd uhc7tk[ 4hx;kt hd ''fskd ]kgd ulm hH jGf s s s s s 4g rukt kd tjl hg dS kr eg 2jcu ]kgd ulm T s s w s a s 4kg ;kv sl j s s kojfi7jkl ldf df g hrdl kt hd uhc7tk[ Nd kr kd tjl uiv kdl k , , s q s w s s rc jcu er n;k' `kd tjl jkgér ]g k;D jcu lDLb `g k;D jcu `tj a q w s q , a s a , a wl kl7ukd `g tjl rauv surdf ]Cgu tknv Nd gér ]g krgd ykijk} go , T w a q X q , 4g gx dS hoƒi elm ]g jkojfi dS kd tjl df g krgd hjkti go kr , z 1 X , w , q s `hoƒi g; g 1 , kgd 2g kul jkc hygi eku kd hoƒi ]g krgd go ct `kxkg cklgf kgd a , q 1 , s a kd hjktqi d pp jkv `kxkg kri k;D kdlb kd pp d okx kyG7kyG d ; s Z , s s Z s a a a s
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044 fo 561 egaP

4g krkt kg rk' henkv kr xy uLi eyke dIku , s a s s s \ w uoht jxv jkv g krkt kg rk'v henkv kr Li eyke pl hH dIku jxv , , s a s s \ w 4g dIku yod go ]g kgj [n kt df k; , s wa s s x hg yH e ]k;x Li eyke pl s>e dIku go 4g rkc hd hukjg hLc df w T \ w q , , \ kgd l kxky e nkc 4;x Oc gxt huiv jdkt jkv i> rgc kr jxklk|of s X s X s , , s X q s 4kyef Cgu hHd s>e ekub kLc kurb udfy ]g y q \ s T s ef ekub rgc >e 2kx[j jdykHl e kd rt lb ]k;x kg ;ü/ e3g krd q s q wa a T s s w s T , l kg ;®l ;uHfv kje 2kF kpkl Cgu hHd sue 6henkv uke0fc klt jxkl s s s T q , k|of hH go ]kxy >el ;®l Bkd kd ;uHfv jse 4kyef Cgu hHd >e e u s s s s s q X oht je jkd¬ji kLc kurb ]kgd l krut jkv k;df jkd¬eu kd rt ]k;y s s q \ s , s s w f sy e Fkg suiv krwt kd jxklk|of ulm `k;df k;D u kruHfv lm udfy X s s s s `g kgj kg k;D g; df s;x gj xan , s s yko u[sn jkl 2ujke rwt sxy kd henkv lm jkv Li nd ji pe jdykd s s s s s , s \ w a uf krt 4g dIku g; df ;x yH go 4k;x kg jgkc d ræknc d jxklk|of w , s w s s Z s 4k;yf Ldi kd h_¬ jdnd e j? sd h_¬ \ s w X sulm e _fkj rkdS dS j[fkv 4g kgj jd uk'ji l gjr cl kd h_¬ go X a , s s s 4g kvg kLi l gjr hjc Nhi d h_¬ dS kt ]g kruHfv dS e dIku 4;x , q \ s q s s s , s X s s s s u[n kd dIku dS 4jxklk|of –pjoæB F djkpof Lc rgc dS d ykxc a s s \ q s a 4g krdl kg /çyim kd ;®l henkv skr ]kuukt , s s dIku hH lm ]g rgd pl eg ltf df g _l kygi kd tk[ hd ;®l jkv s T s s , w s , 2g ry uke pl hH kd dIku kr eg 2g kgj kjc? B T s s s s , kd ]g kgj lg Bkd ]g kgj kj Bkd 4g gj uc _pf jkv g hgj Lkn <jdf s , a s , s s T s , T ,\ X hd r|of ji nji jkd lm 4Nhi g knji kjkd df rfkH7hyH g eyke jkv q s s s s , s a , w , 4ji nji g Cgu hH Nd kgo 4d r|of Bg hrpku ;kolf ]d kjk/ hd hytc s , q a s q q s f ;kolf g kgj yp Cgu hH Nd ji nji kgo 4l kykeW g ry Nki wlkv x , q s a s X T s s X a ky surdf eyke u jdkt e g1xkesulf 4g ry uke pl hH kd dIku kr eg s w X T s s s s 4g gj kjc? e/7e/ <ki hH hHv df g krLi eyke pl kurb kui T s z , \ w l go udfsy ]g h;x y[ nCu ]g h;x y[ [kv 4g hrgj hrdL/ hrkN jkv , q , q a , \ , g hrkt y[ nCu kr g kry [sn rH e suil henkv dS e rkj 2g rkt skg , q s , s w X X T s uk'ji jduke ;®l kd uil kr eg 4eg g ;¥e rgc kd thp hIkN7hIkN s s s s X , w q s s dr cr ]krdl kg Cgu rk' Rpf dr cr ]kxLi eyke ;®l uoht dr ct s a s \ w 4g krkt kg rk' Rpf unf hlm ]g krLi eyke kuil uoht unf ltf , s a , \ w 4kun re ;¥e knk;† l uil lm ]ku>el r s w s s s e ;®l lm ]g gj >el ;®l kd uoht ltf3g _l kygi kd ukg rk' jkv s T s s , w s s a , 4kg X rk' kt ]g krdl kg güm uZ'n kd ;®l 4g hrkt kg ed jkv <h{ kuokHal a s , s X , s ,
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044 fo 661 egaP

4g Cgu jld hH Bkd kr kd pπc lb udfy ]g k , w s s s s , rdl kg jld kje jkv 4;kt yef kr /n kd pπc l7IskN lb udfy ]g kr s w s , s s w s s s s s , dl kv e >el ]yef u kuk[ >e df g krky¥pf hH uekl d j? lm 4g X s s q , s s , go kd hIc hd j? ltf ]kpgi uekl d j? lm go kvg krkpc kd pπc I s qa s s q s s s s kN lm 2g gj dG jF®i xky 2g gj ykc nç' dutukeiv ]g gj dc k;y T s X s T s s T s a fkx xky ]g Sg ;kxy LhH l Gjr kjkp xky 4g kgj dIH go e okx sjkl s T q s \ s X s , X a `kxn [hH lm ukd 2g rn jd nc jk} xky jkv g krxke [h s s , T s s a s , , a H uekl d j? dS7dS jhdG go 4g kgj kj kIc kl7kIkN go 4kxkg kyduf s s , s s s s Cgu uxke k{Hf rfkH lb hHd jhdG Bkd hHd e okx hldf d k;ufqn n; s a a s X a s k' 2jdy kd Ic lm kyduf Syf d k{Hf e okx jhdG go ji ukg jgikn s s s s s X a s s s 4;x Iky lifko s , jddG kd ukekl d jhdG lm ]jdkxy xkv Xe sLik> ]jdn k;yfkx xky o X s s \ s s a s s 4xkg rgd hg dhO kr kg s s s s s srgd er ct cv `g kje kIc df g kyeke klS k;D `kl Ib tb ]kgd sl q , s s , s s X s kxky um ulm jkv 4kxy sukjd ip kd Ic lm jhdG go 4kF kxy ukj kIc s , q s s s s s s 4g kjkgér kIc g; 4kF u hH kpkl hHd ueg g; ] , q s s s s s xkg 0lf uhg_jfp lS er 4hd kF¬o;ø hd ugj e okx jkv k;kuc kLik> s s q s X a , \ s Syf jkgér ueg kt ]Bg yH hLc leg 4k;nf ukeél gér ueg kt ]Bg yH s q s s q w \ s X q s s q w hLc leg jkv 2kg er ikc d spπc lb df g kgd u hdLy lm 2g kjkgéqr \ s , s q s , s \ , kpπc g; 4g kvg kni kpπc g; kd hdLy dS hd okx `kg rNi kyeke , q , s \ a s s w df kgd jkv k;nf dIi e nkx hdlm kd pπc l7IkN dS jdkt u kxky kr , X s s s s s s s X s s `g k;D kyeke `g k;D rkc ]kxy uNi jhdG go ]kxy uNi henkv go , , s w s w 2hn kxy xkv e hLik> hdlm 2dG jF®i jdkt su kxky 2kLi II ji Lik> dlm o X \ s s X X s \ w s \ s s a kx kjkl 2;x kg e /kjof dlm xky d okx jkl 4h;x ync rfF¬f unf dS s s X s s s s a s udfsy 4F rn jnkv ]F rn ukeél lm xky jkl 4hdlm e okx lm hF Zrf s s s s s s s s s X a hd hLc ]kF doq; jnl rgc 4kF kvg kjgO jhdG dS e okx dS d ukikt \ qa q q X a s 4g krk , t kg uhyof hg <jkd d sukg rk'v ;®l 4g krkt kg W' kukg rk' Rpf j s s s a , s q s a rhH hg kurm ]xy ukg I‘i¬ rkc g; hurtf jkv 4g krLi eyke FkF; rg s s s , , \ w Z q c ]g krLi ewyke kpπl rgc eg uoht df g krkg kni Syflb okur kjkl , \ q X , s , `g k;D <jkd kd sukg lI jkv uk'ji ]rLfhi ]rk'v cr 4g kuil k , s X , s \ a , s r g kryef ukeiv ]g kuil kr g kryef ukeél cr 4g kuil kr g krkv , , s , , s , ;ƒ¬ko¬ jkv g kuil kr g hrkv hjkehc cr 4g kuil kr g hrkv hjhev jkv , , s , , s , , g kuil kr g hrkv hchjx jxv cr `g k;D <jkd kd ukg rk'v e uil , s , , s s a X s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 761 egaP

2g , kgj kv u;yfkisu `g kgj kv ukd Cgu kri s>r ]kt Ig l r¬kj ]rjkv hy s , , q s s , ko lk? ]g krgd jdky¥pf jIDkL hFkl kd u;yfkiu 4g hrkv ji hLLxi S , s s , a g ;yf >kc kd lk? ji jlf suiv ujfk;lf? dS ]rjkv hyko uIkd lk? d q s s , s S ]rjkv dS l e phc d r[ dS 4g gj yduf l hLLxi hl7hIkN dS ku , s X s s T s s a s X skn o 4g jIDkL kdlm Fkl dlm ]ji ih} g kyduf ue? hg gcl unf jlwn s , s , s w q s 4k;x k;nf jd nc gjr hd hnd <jk/kl ji ih} l7IkN dS jkv k;x jkg a , s s s , jGf 4h_k; kd ;tof ]gk'nkc kF u;yfkiu 4kF k;x k;nf jd nc e ih} l7 s s a X s sIkN dS d eku kuyg Il kd u;yfkiu Sg jkg jkv 4kF k;x jkg u;yfkiu s s s X s s q s , s s `g krdl kg dG k;D kr kg u r;yflv 4g krdl kg dG kr kg r;yflv , s Z s s , s Z s s ]akg `g krdl kg dG k;D l ukeiv jkv ukeél e uil 4g jckjc cl sl , s Z s , X s , unf lm ]k;x gj Cgu dG Bkd e ukeiv j,kv ukeél l unf lm ]g kuil Z s X s , dS go ]g kt jgkc df k;x Li Bk[nf g; l unf ltf ]kgd u jhdG lm , s \ s s `g Cgu ∂Gf hd ukeél uiv gér df xy ugd xky o ji , s X q s s s s `krLi dG k;D jkv rn k;yfkx kd henkv jln jkv dS ]rkyt \ Z , s s a s s w , s jkv kLik> dS kr g Cgu kje df krgd e jxv jkv 4F dp hg n k;yfkx , \ s s , s T , s s q s a kd henkv dS ]kF k;nf hg kyt suer kLik> dS `g krLi dG k;D sllb s q \ s , \ Z jkv kg rgd hg dhO kr kg rgd xky jkl er ct jkv 4kxkg kd hldf u , s s s s s s s q , s hldf `g kdldf kIc df e uil lb ]g krLi dG k;D ]kgd u jhdG lm , s X s , \ Z s `g Cgu kje kIc df kg , s s d Cgu k;D hg gcl uer `kg yxki ld er df xy ugd xky d okx sjkl X q s q s s , q s s s s a 2g kjkgér df F rgd Cg , q s s ér kr gcl 2kg rgd k;D `g Cgu kje kIsc `kl Ib tb ]kgd u jhdG lm q s q s s , s s s 2g kd jkv hldf ]Cgu kd , , ikv kIc g; 2g h;x kg yH leg g; ]g Cgu kIc kdikv ]kgd u ikc lm s , s w s , s s `kg k;D ruhN kd Ic je `g k;D rkc df kNi u jhdG lm s X s s s s s s , w s 2kxy uuhN go kd pπc s s s s s IkN lm l Fkg dlm 2kxy suLi ji d jhdG jdkv ]k;x kg ukjg kr ikc s s \ , s s , s 4kn jd ke{ s>e ]kF kpskl Cgu ue g; ]hxs;kt Pc dr s q s T \ a kg; rkc ]sx;kv Iky lifko ikv djd tkyx7hykx rgc7hLkF kF kpskl ue X , s , q s\ s T 4kF k;yf y eku kd jhdG ue Syf d ukpc kd hlm 4g kjln ikc kd sIc s s T s s s , w s lm 4Cgu hrukt e kd jhdG lm ]k;yf y eku kd jhdG lm hg O> ue T s s w s T 4h;x kg yH l>e ]g hrgd jkv g hry Ldi ji d ikc uiv go ]g krkt s w s q , , , s \ , s s , y?if ;nÔ kdlm ]g kIc kd hdL\y ltf go 4g hL[ ji tkojn kgo LhH , s , \ s a \

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n henkv Bkd ct jkv 4dZ'n dS l,t ]g krht lß uoht go jGf 4krkg Cg s , s , s s u Fv jkv ;¥e kdlm knk;† l syko u[n dS jGf 4g krkt gj kI‘– dS Z , w s s s , ]g krkt gj h{kl dS jGf kr g kry ukt kuil kd uoht henkv Bkd ct , s , s s s 4uoH kv g kOm ji lm g h{kl jkv jk/kv g kuil 4rf<jfi g h{kl ]k'n g kuil q , , , , , 4kx;kt kyp kr[n slm ]hxk s s s g hl,t hxntf 4kxjd Cgu hH Nd jkv kx[n go 4kxs;kt kg h{kl dS go ] a s q , s s s kx;kt kg kI‘– dS go ]hxxy uLi Bk[nf kuil hxntf hji kd henkv ltf s s s s \ a w s `g rdl Cgu hH jd kr Nd jkv ]g r[n kd T s s q , T s s s suil `g rjd k;D eg Fkl d suil `kxkg k;D _l kd uoht dlm `sld T s s s w s , kx;ht henkv go ]kxxy ukg eyke FkF;v hxntf kd henkv ltf `kxskg s s s s w Z a s k;D jkgo;ø kd henkv lm ]kxxy uLi Bk[nf kuil uoht kd henkv ltf s s \ s 4rkc hjln g Bg hLq\t hg llb 4rkc hygi g g; 4rdl yp Cgu ji kx w , q s , s ˜ ke d rfk' hHd o ]g krkg ewyke ;®l lkO dS ];®l dS uoht gütf 4g s a s , s s X , krLi Bk[nf kuil uoht kdutf ]g rdl yp hgo ji hLLxi hd rfk' jkv \ s T s a a , 4g krpgi ji kj['f d ;®l henkv l hLLxi hd rfk' , qa X s s a a 4g jnfae T s d ;®l kgt ]hd kj['f um g hLLxi rk' hgo 4g krkt kg <jrov kd r a X , a a , s fk' jhHax dS jrhH d rDf;ø jGf `okur kld jGf `rfk'v hld jGf 4g a s , a , , hgo hH ;®e ]g hgo hH uoht jGf 4g hgo hH ukeiv ]g hgo hH ukeél q 1 , , , jGf 4g hgo hH rht ]g hgo hH jkg jGf `g k;D dG e rht jkv jkg jGf , , , Z X , 4g krkt kg W' ku , s q kg rk' henkv jrhH kr ];kt kg W' huLi Bk[nf kuil jgkc jxv hxntf s a s s s q \ a 4hn n hgkox hd ;®l rqHnv dS ]g kuil cl s , df jdgd g; su u;yfkisu jkv 4kF jdrht kt ]g hgo hH jdjkg u;yfkiu s , s , s s `k;x gj k;D <jkd kd ukj Syf dlm s s s ]kg kgj Li eyke kuil kd henkv ltf dfk;D 4g kgj lg u;yfkiu 4kL\i s \ w s X , a s s kuIg kd u;yfkisu df jd[n rkc g; ]g krkt kg h[n rgc jIDkL udfy s s s , s q q s 4g kgj yp kuil kjlwn dS cv 4h;x ync rkc go , ]k;x ync kuil df g kgj gd go 4g kgj gd rkc hd >el hLc u;yfkiu , , \ s s 4Sgfkp kukt I g kdeg hH Syf d rjkv hyko lk? kr cv 4kF krLi kuIg kd Lkgi jkv s s , s \ s \ , kvkt Ig ]rgd kd Lkgi eg ct ]s;x suket o ]l r¬kj kvkt Ig 2jk;î k; s s s \ s s s s s x ync kuil ]kgd u u;yfkiu 4Sgfkp kukt Ig eg cv 4g kgj kv u;yf s s s X , kisu ]kvkt Ig ]F rgd l kxky eg ct ];x unf go 4k;x ync kuil ]yx s s s s s X s s ki ]g krgd jkv g krpC[ phu jdLdi Fkg kd jIDkL _ef uiv u;yfkiu , , , s \ s s s
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kd k<ki jrhH u hykx lb 4krkg k;nf jd kni jgt jrhH u hykx lb 4h s X z s s , s rkg h;x Oc jduc jF®i ji hrkN ]hrkg h;x Li hjkH rgc hykx hg; yd s , s \ q 4kxs;kt kg kd s ¥g endS Rpf jkv hxs;kt yG hlg dS jrhH 4kxkg Cgu hH Nd jkv d , , a s q , s sulg ;kolf `g krkg k;D df [n jGf 4kg gj [n dIku dS Glf ikv slt a , s X s X s s Z , ][n lß kr ]kg kgj sn k;yfkx dyfke jxv ]kg hgj n k;yfkx hu®i jxv X s s s s a s s a 4[ X n lß Syf d I? dS 4hxsn sn eüt kd kvqncV s;u d kurp jrhH dlm go s s s s a s X s s s 4hx;kt ync hg k;efhd llm ]kxkg u'ekGlkI kt ]kxkg urojfi kt ]jr s s s ∆ a≠ s s Z s hH dlm e I? dS lm jkv 4kx;kt kg kyko un jd ukjg go ]kxsLi Bk[ s X s a , s s s s , \ nf lm kt e I? dS dfk;D 4kF ygi I? dS kt ]kxdl kg Cgu hHd hgo s s X s a X s s a s s s jGf henkv go 4hx;kt kv xu◊I dS ]kxs;kt kv Lke dS e hxntf hdlm s s\ X a ][n djd xsk;i kd ukg h{kl henkv Bkd hH I? dS ]g kLc rgc kr unf s s s z s s s s a , \ q s 4sx;kt kg henkv jln yd ikv jkv [sn X s s w , X jd[j <je¬ kdlb jH unf dS 4kg kgj yp dIku dS Gjr kjkp jkv kg s X , X s;x jd 'soi e dIku hldf l,t ][j yk;[ cr 6kg k;ufn hd jr©n ]Li B z X s X s q X \ k[nf Bg hryp Xukdqn ]Li Bk[nf xky Sg ryp ji sr¬kj ct j,kv 4g kgj q s \ s q s , [n h{kl Bkd l,t ][sn gjr lb cr ]sxy ukcn unx rfi k; xy usn hykx s s s X s Z s s hu®i ct jkv jdkt j? tkv [n 4[n djd xk;i kl7kIkN kd ukg h{kl , X s X s s s z s s s 4x;kt skg s X jlwn hg henkv ikv nkc d xk;i lm 4F ikv kt ]xdl kg Cgu hHd hen s s s z s s s X s kv hgo kjkcn ikv nkc d xk;i lm jkv 4[n djd xk;i Syf d unf dS q s s z , X s s s z s Glf 4d'n Glf kg eg jkv kg hryp hukgd ji ni sLc dS 4d'n dS sl Z Z Z X , s \ Z t ]sx[n lß kd hxntf df [n djd xk;i kl7kIkN dS ][n djd hg tkv , X s s s a X s s s z s X s s 4kxs;kt kg W' kuskg k;u Nd s q q X e hxnatf unf hg sygi jkv 4kg hryp ji ni dS hukgd lt ]x[n klß kd , s s , s X s s hxntf jkv 4dZ'n dS l,t ]sx;ht gjr lb dr tc gN ek' l tc gN g a , s X s s s cl df y jd ;r unf dS 4hxs;kt kg hjln hxntf jkv ku[n djd xsk;i q X s w a , s s z Syf d jH unf dS 4g gj [n eg jkv g hgj yp hukgd dS ji ni Lc s T s s , , s \ s d uoht lt 4d'n dS l,t ]kuht lß e uoht 4okH h{kl g _l kjlwn kr s , Z s s X , w s 4g rpæfuf kukg u'n kd ;®l kgt ]ji , s Z a kj['f um g krkt Pp go ]g krxy uht gjr hd h{kl henkv kt jkv 4 X , \ , s s , g hrkt kg l ukt kg eüt d h{kl e uoht ]hrkg Cgu l ujd F¬Od kd k , s s s s s X s s s a s X _wl s;kIif7Iif rfk∂ hd e/ go 4g hrkg l uuc h{kl ]hrkg Cgu l uPi d s a Z , s s s s s s \ s k_¬k' rfk∂ hd e/ go 4g rfk∂ defk/ hg eku kd rfk∂ lm 4g hrkt skg X a Z , a Z a , rfk∂ dS e uoht dlm cr ]g krn jd W' kuht e uoht rfkH hd d' a X s , s q X a Z
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`g kgj wa kj Cgu hg e ct ]kg rkj k;D er Syf je ]kukj Syf uiv kr g hg kukj s T s s s X q s s s s s , s jxv ]kgd u rkjdl jkv `kg rkj k;D cv 4h;x kg e®[ Cgo rkc ];x j s q , s s s s s e df kF k;yf >el ueg hHr ]F eüt eg kr go ]kgd u rkjdl ]kyxki s s s s s q s 4g kvg kiNf hg e Hjki rv ]g kyko ukt kv hn¥t rgc , q X a z a , s q kr g;3LaS hn g; 4hxs;kv hH rîfkel df Sgfkp kuy ukt hHr ]g hrkg W' s s , s q e¥Gf ji nji ct 4g krkt kv hH rv kdlm hHr ]g hrkg W' hukgd ct s , a , s q 4kF k;x kg W' kuje l hHr ]keüt e ct kr go `kg rkj d s q s T s s s s s jd jn hurb er cv 4hF h;x kg Wq' rke hHr ]kvg W' eüt ct dfk;D s q s , q q X ]kF kuy kj unf lm ]kF keüt unf ltf e kr go ]kyxki ]kgd su rkjdql s s T s s 4kg chjd d uje er `jd k;D jkv kr u ;kj eg ]kgd u k_ef um kr s s s q X , s X s s X s `kg k;D rkj er df g krNi lum rkjdl jkv s X s s q , w s q , 4g gj kj cl _ef dlm 4g kvg kIy rkjdql 4g k T s s s , q s , gj kt klhi jgt jgkc 4g kgj kt k;nf jgt lm 4kF chjd d uje rkjdql , s s s 4h;x kg W' s q kuI? h;u dS Cgo ]k;x kg Wq' Fhr Cgo ]kxs;kt uc h{kl kgt henkv kt s Z a s 4;kt uc h{kl jxv ]g hrkt uc X , Z Fhr <{ hlb Cg; hxntf go 4n LkN krpV hd ukt ji ;ykegf ]ji kLkgi a X s\ s X \ 4;kt kg L[ jd X s s \ uc h{kl jxv ]g hrkt uc jnfe hg hxntf 4n LkN ∂Gf hd ukt e kjnfae , a a X s\ s X X 4[n jkv jd xk;i kl7kLkF ; `g krkt kg k;D df g krdl kt kukpgi X s , X s z s\ wa , s , jkv g krdl kt kLdi hg l lIejfsilDS djd xk;i kr lb 4g krdl kt , , \ s . X s s z s s , kukt hg djd yod kr lb 4g ydæfe kugd e knç' lb ]g krkt kg k;D s s s s , q X X s , s X e hxnatf hdlm ]g krn jd Wq' kuht gjr hd h{kl e uil henkv kt jkv , s X s s , 4g kuht gjr hd h{kl dS e uil lm g _wl kjlwn , X s , 4g kuil dS uoht g _wl kygi , , 4g hrkt ync k;ufn kr g krkt ync he , q s , nkv ct jkv 4g rkt ync henkv Glf ]g hgo k'eg k;ufn ]g hgo k;ufqn , T s Z , s q , 4g s;x ync ikv tkv 2 , k;x kg k;D tkv ]tkv jkv hF hrn I‘d rgc yd rkc hg; `g k;x kg k; s , s q , s D tkv jkv ]hF hrjd rLfhi yd hykx hg; df hxkg hukjg cr jkv 4x;kt , \ s , , s X gj r[n ikv jkv 4s;kt kg [kj ];kt >c jdLi e huki kjkxav lt ]hx;k s s , s s q \ X s , s t >qc hg lß hykx kr g h{kl jxv jrhH j/b j,kv hxs;kv tkv hykx hgo s s , 4hrkt kg h/kv dS jkv ukGwr dS h s a , xnatf 4hrkt uc u'DSjf dS ]hrkt uc k;∂frfi dS hxntf 4hrkg hn jd k z a s ni rfk'v dS ]Idl dS e uoht jdkt jrhH u hykx lb 4krkg kykL Fe , a a X s s
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i k;yfkx kd ekj ct jkv `Tg rsn ak;yfkx kd ekj Syflb ]g rukt kd e \ a s , s s T s s kj `sxXn ld k;yfkx ]Cgu hg rukt xky kd>e `kd>e df rgd ekj heko¬ s , a s s s q s q s `Cgu kdikv 2kd ekj rgd xky s s s s 4CLi k;yfkx c[ kd ekj e jktkc tkv df rgd jdkt kd k_ef j,kv rxy \ a w s X s s X s sulg jdkg L[ go kr krn hykx Bkd jxv 4F henkv chtv hg rgc ekj a s s \ s s s s q heko¬ 4g dukj hLkF e k;ufn Syflb 4g rkt kg kni hHd7hHd henkv c , , s\ X q T s s , htv l7sLkF Nd e k;ufn 4F henkv chtv Lc go 4;x kdjfev ekj heko¬ s s\ q X q s s \ s s 4g krkt kg /çyim kd rev go ]k;yf /kl okH7h{kl ultf , s s 1 s `g hrdl kg ld rke hdlm ]g krdl [sn , s s , , , kd rke kt jkv 4g krdl [sn hH kd rke go ]g hg k[n ultf jH hxntf s , s , , s , , s s a 2g kgj [n hH cv kr e 2g hgo kr e 4hxkg W wa s s T wa s T s ' hukgd hjln Bkd n;k' cv 4g hrkt Bg e®[ hukgd hyko ji7Fkg g; 4 q w s , q , g gj kt ji7Fkg 4g gj kt Sg LO ji7Fkg df g kgj Li eyke kurb ]kg T s , T s q s a , , \ w a 4kF ygi d usn jgt kt ]g hgo kd hgo gjr hji kr e df kgd su rkjdql s s s s wa w s T 4kg gj kt Sg LO Cgér `kg gj jd Xrkc k;D ]kgd u kxky s s q s a q s s s X s 4g kgj y , p Cgu kri s>e 4u hg kg lt ]g s;x kg lsS ji7Fkg ]dr jed hje cv ]k q X s , T s s , s ;x kN jgt dr kuI? je df kgd sulm jGf 4g hgo hH cv kr e 4g gj X q s s wa s T T s kg LO ji df g kgj ukt kr e `g krdl kg ld kLO e df kgd su rkjdql s s a , wa s T wa s s , a T 2kg gj kt Sg LaO Cgér ]g gj kt Sg LO ji ]kgd u Xk_ef s s q s q T s q s a , s 4kg gj kt Sg LO ji df g kr X s q s a , , Li eyke klsS 2g gj kg LO ji je df kxy ugd jkv k;x Iy jdhi jgt \ w T s s s a , s s s , s 2kgj krjd rkc jkv kgj krhi jgt 2kg k;x k;nf jgt kd henkv jkv hl X , s s , df l,t ]k;yf hi jgt gjr lb u henkv lm 4k;x k;nf n jgt kd rkjdql s s s s 4kjd hn¥t df s T s w g rNi eg Syflb 4kg Wq' dIku k;u ]kg W' e¥Gf h;u jkv kg e®[ e¥ s s q , s Gf dS hn¥t df g krdl®m hLc Syflb 4g rgkp kuy [n hH kd rke huk , q \ T s s s s , gd h;u cv ]dp [sn rgc kuil kd hxntV 2g knkjb kd uy [n hH kd r s q q , s s s s , T s q ke ]g dp [n rgc hxnatf udfy 4g Cgu hH Nd hn¥t ]kxy ugd rkjdql s q s , q s `hd uje g k;D hn¥t hurb 4ky sy lkoæ jkv jn hLkF ]ky gj kntV jkv s , s X , s s\ s , jn hLkF er ]y kxy jn hLkF df g rgkp eg 2k[n Cgu henkv yxki kl s s\ q X s s\ T s s , t er ji ]k;nf jgt kd kxky rgc ue df kxy ugd kyko ulhi jgt go q s X s q s T s s 2kvg Cgu jk;r jgt dr hHv ]g kun jgt tc gN ]g kg q , , s s , j kt kvg ;el df kxy ugd l yko sulhi jgt go 4k;x jgkc jdOm n[ q s s s q rkjdl `Cgu k; kvg jk;r jgt ]k[n l hn¥t ]kvkt df kgd su rkjdql q q , s s s s
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xk;i lm dr ct jkv 4>el jkv [n djd xk;i [n 4g rkg ek<jfi k;D s z , X , X s s s z X s T s s df g krdl kt k[n hg djd xk;i kLkF kdlb 4g h{kl dS eg jkv g k , s s s z s\ T , , uil dS uoht 4g rjWt hd u[j nk; rgc _l kn ; e k'nf hd uht lm , s q w s s X s 4g krdl kt k;ht jkv g krd , , , l kt kukt lc kr lm ]Cgu Zxke Bkd hH kd un rDf;øHfv kdlm ]Cgu ; s s s s s s kim Bkd kd ugd e knç' slm ]Cgu ;kim Bkd kd uiku skdlm ]ycjteéb s s X X s s s s 4g uOfd hujd ku<x Bkd hdlm ]g hrn jH l dkykv urdf g; ]g hrsn , s , s s s s , jH l knukv rauv surdf g; ]g rfhri kt g; jkv 4g rDe hg l knl kr s X a , z s , wa q s s e ]kF hg rDe kr e df g kryp kri kr ;kt Li Bk[nf g; jkc dS 4g T q s T , s s \ T u/c Ow> u/c cl 4g u/c d uil u/c cl 4g Cgu u/c kpπl u/c Bkd a s a T a s s a , a a s 4g u/c sd uil T a s u/c cl dfk;D 4g krkt kg rDe henkv hg srukt kdlm ]n n eku jkv B a X , s q s s s , kd k; gd ;®l lm Bkd gkp 4g ke®keji hg eku kdlm ]g ke®kv hg eku s s s s s , , kdlm 4g Cgu hukgd kt ]g Cgu dIku kt ]g Cgu ;uHfv kt 6dl kt kukt , s , s , s s go dfkr ]g kuxkt l ;uHfv ]g kuxkt l dIku ]g kuxkt l hukgd jkv , s , s , s , 4dl kg /çyim ;®l dfkr ]g kuxkt sl uil s s , s 2g rkt kg rîkel jkv g srht hg e uil d uoht x T s s , T X s s sky d/fv 4g rki ukt kd ;®l d uoht kt ]g xky hyk';≈kHkl ed rqgc T s s s s T s , 4kryp Cgu kri hH hHd eg kdlm X n;k' kr gj ;kl hg e hukgd jkv e uiv eg jxv udfy 4g Cgu kuil k s X s s X , X s s , s t ji ;®l lm 4g hrkg q;®e Bkd hHd u hdltf ji ;®l lm 4g kvqg eüt , s 1 s , Bkd u kdltf ji ;®l lm 4g hrkt y ji ;®l hg rkvQ' h;u g; 4,g hr s , s q kt kg rkvQ' hd hxnatf h;u dS cr jkv jdkg h{kl dS kd hxntf ][sn s q , s s a X 4g ;¬ , gj rHjkl kd e/ g; ]g kyd kt g; ]hd ukt kg h{kl rfi d hxntf ]g w Z , s s s z s a , dhuDI hd su[n kt g; ]g chdjr hd su[n kt g; ]g rkc hd u[n skt g; s s s , s s , s s 4g gj [n eg ]g hxntf hd ekj 2g gj [ T s s , a T s s n eg ]g hgj yp hukgd ji ekj g; 4g kyko u[n ZGlf kr e ]rgd o kr , wa s s s T s s s `g ukd ikv jkv T , , 2g krjd rkc rckc d ekj lb ] wa X s rgd o kr `g rjd rkc rckc dldf ikv df rgd xky 2hg xkjxf kr xk s s s T s X s s s s s s s s yp jd[sn kucf jxv 2jxf sNπv df kgd ueg ]lg c[ eg 4e ∏x dS kL s s s a w X s i jxf 2kF k;x ekj e okx dS3g rgd ekj heko¬ kF k;x ekj e oakx dS \ X a T s X 2g hgj Li k;yfkx T \ a ]kIc g kNπv df e ue hg ue F gj lg jdOc jrhH eg cr ]CF hgj L s , X s s a ,
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kjt go 4g krgkp kukg jI¬ufef kLc jI¬ufef kIkN 4g krgkp ku[sn kuil , s \ s , kLc kyko u[sn kuil kIkN 2g rjd r{fjl kd kuil jdkuc jkohn hd j \ s s T s q s X F®i l Gjr kjkp Syflb ];kt u II kuil Cgd 2g rkt yp rjd rwcte s X s w T s s s kd uil suiv kr eg d¥fc ]rIg Cgu l uil uiv hH kl7kjt eg udfy s s s s s s s s 4g hrkt kg W' jdkg hux jktg l jkdi hjkeg jkdqi hdlm , s q s q s q jkv jkdi kdlm kl7kjt eg 4g krkt Pc end jktg go ]Pc l kjt eg , X q s , \ X \ s 4g kryp end jktg ke®keji jkv Gjr hd ke®keji yp end dS henkv , , s 4g krn jd W' kupC[ ke® , s q keji hg lo ]g rnd jkv g rLkr kd uil eg hg lt 4krjd Cgu ekd g s , T s w , T s s\ s s s , o dr cr ]g Sg L[ e uil eg dr ct 4g kry jd kji ekd go ]g < T q s \ X s , s w , Z "dko®Qx kd ke®keji kt go ]g u'Ihozsx kt go ]g ''fd kt hd ke®kej q s , s s , s i go 4krLi kujd Cgu Nd n[ lm jGf ];kt nd e h{kl henkv jkc dS \ q q s s w X 4hxy jd ekd uhet cv ]e®[ ekd kjkgér cv ]lc s;x nd l ji s q w s rN er 4kxsy pC[ u'Ihozsx ]<Z"dko®Qx kdlm ]''fd hdlm ]hxy pC[ q s q s uhet cv 4hxy jd uhet ekd hdkc cv ];x nd er ]Cgu rjWt hd uj s s w q s d hH Nd cv df sxgd eg kr `Syf d supgi dr uhet aWd k;D e cv q X s s qa T df Ni jGf jkv ;kt nd l ji rN ]gkp kund l ji rN henkv Bskd slt s w , s w s s w s , 4g krkt , kyp krp[V henkv jkv g krpC[ ]g krjkdi hg jk} kl7kLkF go 4krLi ku , , , q s\ \ jd Cgu jkv Nd rgc jGf kr kd h{kl ;kt y[ jk} hH kl7kLkF jkc dS , q q s s q s\ jkv 4g krkt kg refuf kr¬kj hg kurm ]gjr hd h{kl g ryp eg kurtf , , s Z T s 4g kru , c kr¬kj hg l uyp kgo 4g Cgu hH kr¬kj kvg k/c Bskd kgo jkv 4srdl sn s s a , q a a , Cgu Fkl j,i d jlwn hldf 4g krLi kujd klkjH ji kji hg uiv kgo 4; s s , \ s X , s a s kt y jdkPp kdikv kt ]g jkgd Bkd u jkv g Cgu /çyim k;yfkL Bkd k s \ s s , s , T a s s a go 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd kd sukt jdOc e hykL ji kj['f d k;®l ub udfy , s , X s X s X s ]g krdl kt k;kt hH jdOc e hykL kr ji Lkgi d jkujxf 4krdl yp C , , X s s \ s gu Syf dikv kjln Bkd kr¬kj g; 4hxLi hujd Syf uiv hg kdikv ]krd s w s s \ s s l jd Cgu Syf dikv kjlwn Bkd rkc g; jkv 4g hd xk;i rkc g; udfy s s , , s z s 4g krkt kg k;u , s cl 4g krkt ync cl hg rkg h{kl jkv 4g rkt skg h{kl ]g rxkt kt ]g , s s , T s T s s T rki ukt hg so Glf 4g krdl yp u jkv g kyp hHd u kri Bkd kd ;® s Z , , , s l l gjr hldf jkv ]Cgu3l ujd ku/kjkv7kti e kjnfae u ]l uPi ukjd s , s s w X X s s \ q u ]l uPi krhx u ]l uit ekj7ekj u ]l ujG kyke u l ujd Nd jkv s s \ s s s s s s s q , 2krdl yp Cgu kri Bkd hHd kd ;®l 4g krdl yp Cg s , u hHd kri Bkd kd ;®l ]gj rjd hH Nd jkv dr cr ]g rjd Cgu kd s X s q , T s s
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4g Ni u k_ef uæi sl7rqgc T s w s X z ]ue®kv ;if z 4;®l g hgo3g krkt gj "' kt cr , , s s ]kII kuil jkv g krkt II kuil ]kuc h{kl go hg lt dfk;D 4h{kl dS w , , w s , X g kuuc kd ;‘que jkv g kuil dS uoht 4ikv ku[j <je¬ _l IkN kn ; , s , , w s s s s 4kd o'f d uoht ]kd Z;nkl d uoht ]kd knil hd uoht g s s s T s s a T rki jd /çyim hg o yod ]g rxkt kt o jkv 4g rn k[ ]g rkl kt o s s s T s s s , T s s s T s s s s 4Nd cl k;nf k[ e q s X Z w kNπe yod ukgüm ]kd jlov k;nf koax e nCu yod ukgüm ]kukt Cgu ;®l s s X s X s s X sukgütf jkv 4kukt Cgu hH uoht ukgüm ]kukt Cgu ;®l ukgütf dfXk;D 4g X , s X s X , ;®l kt ]ky ukt lm jkv kvkt kv jgkc d nCu huiv hH er ]'kd df g s s s , s s q , krxy klS e k<ki dum ]g hy [n k;ufn hd jgkc d uil ukgütf udfy s X X z s , s q s s s X s 2g rn Lkr kuil j T s s s\ , T s kv g rkygf j,kv g rkxt jdkv xky >elku ;3g s;k[ e kuil uiv eg T s s s T s X X s 4Sg ewyke Cgu jdrfhi hH hHd xky yko uLkr uil Xe k;ufn Syflb jkv q z s s s s\ s q , `kd kuil je kg rLkr k;D `kd nCu hjkeg s X s s s s s\ X s kg rLkr k;D ]g gj [n eg kuil 4lb kdkj ]lb kjd kue df g hrkg r; s s s\ X T s s s s s s s , s cfr kr 4g krkxt jkv g krjk>d> eg jdkv Bkd 4g gj [n e nCu ]Tg ; s , , , s X s T s s X s k[ e uil suiv eg dfk;D 4g krLi eyke ueæn rgc kyko uLkr nCu 4kr s X s X , \ w q q s s\ Li ewyke Cgu jdrfhi hHd kyko uLkr nCu udfy ]Nd g yko uLkr nCu \ z s s\ s q T s s s\ 2hn Lkr nCu hje ultf ]ri√el Syf d GStfj s\ s s s x tkt 6ihy¬ bke Gkv jcjI¬Lf hn ]GStfjx tkt I3g k[yf 4g k;df <Zi q Z q Z w , , el Syf d GStfjx jhdG lm g k[yf sulm e u'dLfL ]<iel 4xy jk; s q , X s s Z s s î rgc s>e go ]g [yf nç' kt e u'dLfL ]<iel jkv 4g hd ri√el kd q q T s s X s s Z , , s jhdG dS ckrdf jkv g h[yf ckrdf dS u jIDkL Lc rgc dS d Ly≈b , , s s \ q s T a 2g srkt kg tkjku T s eg kr gkp kuLkr kd uil jkeg kjln Bkd jxv jkv 2g rjd ;kim cl s s s\ s s s w s , T s d sujd rcte kd uil cl eg jkv 4g kujd Cgu rcte ]g kuLkr kd s w s s , , w , s\ s s uil 4g rkt yp rkg jn l ;®l eg hg urm ]g krkg rcte kurtf kuil T s s s s w s s , s w 2 T s g rgkp yp rjd rcte jkv g rgkp kukt yp r[n uil 2g rgkp ku[ s s w , T s s s s s T s n kuil jdkl e hy¥nf yko u[sn kuil e P\xkut 2g rgkp ku[n suil sLc s s X s s X w T s s \ syko u[sn suil IkN 2g rgkp ku[n kuil n[l yko u[n uil n[n hHl s s s T s s q s s s s q 4g kuil n[l kjt kuil kd yge 4g kuil n[n kjt kuil kd Lik> 4g , q , q s \ s , krgkp ku[n kuil kyko yge kyko Lik> IkN 4g krgkp ku[n kuil kLc s s \ s s s , s \
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s \ q Lc rgc dS kd henkv dS 4k;nf ykL e hukjg kd kxky yh'jkpof sd k; s X , s X s ufqn hjkl sulm 4g k;df xk;i kl7kIkN dS u ;yk|ofoæof dS d kdjfsev , s z s s s 4sxy jd rlfdof hg ?h' eg kre{ hH hd X z s \ s uLdi kd jkpof n;k' df g krkg eyke klS jkv g ryp xk;i Nd hHv , s w s , T s s z q s , , lo 4g krki Ldi Cgu kd el rgc jkv g yF¬ rgc go ]g kgj kt k;ky \ s w q , , w q , e xk;im <jdim kt e kyk'xk;i df g krkg 0lf kurb yod llb ]kr X s s X s z , s s s kg Cgu 0lf kukg u kdum llb 4sxdl kt Ldi Cgu o e kyk'xsk;i udfy s s s X s \ s X z s 4g o df g rukt jrhH eg udf T s T s y ]g rdl Cgu krc güm hH kd jln hldf eg 4g krkg oHuv kdum eg s T s X s s w , s q X udfsy ]rLi Cgu Bk[nf jkpof 4g jkpof df g rukt cl eg udfy 4srye s \ T T s s f Cgu l utk[ hH Cgd jkpof df kxsn gd dufkKo jkv 4xyef Cgu hH Cg s s s , , s X d jkpof kr ;kt hd [ji7pkt djd Ihi7Ikd kd d‘r¬fe e kyk'7k{hji s s a s s X hd ukKof jxv 4sxyef Cgu hH Cgd jkpof eum kr ;kt kIkd kd klu hd X X s s s X jlf dikv jkv ;kt kLkr kd jlf dikv jxv 4g ryp jrhH dikv jkpof s , s s\ s s T s s 4g krkt kg W' kuL\i , s q Bk[nf hH go güm ]jd kni >el ]jd kni doof ]jd kni I‘fnrv kt hL X X , X , s X , 1Z a s s\ s kF kt udfsy 4g krLi Bk[nf Cgu l k[kv ;ükekl df g kurb Fv yd kd , \ s X a , Z q s \ uLi Bk[nf Cgu 4g hH go ]g krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt 4X;kt dQ jduke Nd , , \ s q cl kd hlm eg ]g krLi Bk[nf kt df ;kt kg u yH hlS Cgd 4;kt kg s , \ s s s w s X s rîkel jduke ;®l kd hlm eg ]g krLi Bk[nf kt df ;kt kg u klS Cgd s , \ s s s s 4g hrkt kg hjWt , s knk;† hH jkv tk[ hdlm Syflb ]g krLi Bk[nf Cgu d¥fc 4krkt kg Cgu , s , \ s ed ;¥e kd yko uLi Bk[nf Cgu <jkd lb udfy 4g jrhH d jhj' kt w s s \ s , s s ]krLi Bk[nf Cgu go 4g yk[ hd jiM jhj' dfk;D ]g krLi Bk[nf jhj' \ , s X , \ 4g <ki kd jrhH go ]g krkt gj Idiv kt 4g yk[ h , z , z s , s d jiM go ]g krkg Idi kt 4g kvg kiNf go ]g <io®ge hH kt Xe uoht , s z s , q , Z w s 4 T s g iNf <ki d {o hg e kL\t hyko uLi Bk[nf Cgu 4xxy yG u ]x;kv y z s 1 X X s \ s X s X G u ]sx;kv Ri u ji {1o lm 4g kyko ukt [l {o kdlm ]kxjd Cgu ∂ w X s , s w 1 s Gf hd kLt jkv kxn koax ;el kt e ykHl7[n hg hd {o jkv 4CrL\i Cgu X \ , s s X a s 1 , Bk[nf kt ]g krkg jHuf ji kL\t Cgüm go ]g krLi Bk[nf {o kt d¥fc s , s Z X , \ 1 s 4g krkt kg Cgu ed ;¥e kd kLt hyko uLi Bk[nf Cgu <jkd lb udfy 4 , s w X \ s \ s T g hrkg hiNf jrhH d uhet Lt 6CrLi Cgu Bk[nf Lt ]g krLi Bk[nf {o s s X \ \ X \ , \ 1 `g gj jd k;D rkc hd ke® T s X kv hyko suLi Bk[nf u hlm hH ikv jkv `g krkt kuke k;D o®ge kurb k \ , , X dlm ]hrn Bk[nf Cgu kt jkv g hrsn Cgu Bk[nf ke®kv ]g kNi u _ef dS s s , , , w s
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`g kgj ykc ukd , s , g; df g ukjg rgc e 2kvkt Om jrhH d Iufef pki 6kvkt Om ]kvkt wa , q T s s a s s Om3kxy suLi Bkul l jkt >e hHv7hHv jGf udfy 4k;x kl e j,kv kvkt \ q s s s q s s T s kl df g krgd l>e hg ue kje ]g knke7kdF Te n;k' df kpkl uTe 2kv s , s q s wa a s s s kt kl ]kvkt kl ]kvkt kl df g kgj gd l>e Bkd df kLi eyke klS y s s s s s , s q s \ w s s gi >e jkv kOc jdkv kg; dukpv e 4g ukjg rgc e ]kgd u henkv lm s q , , a T wa , q T s `g gj [n Xk;D jddkp gjr lb ]ikv df kNi jdkv l henkv lm T s s T w s uXkgüm ]F iNf _ef kt 2kjkdi lm u hldf lt ]k[n Gjr kjkp jddkp jk s s s s q s s s , s X T , v Cn hg yk[ [kv nkc d Iufef pki u henkv lm s;kl jn yhe jktg dS s X a s a s s w 4kvkt Om ]kvkt Om3kv s s s kt Om er jrhH d Iufef pki dhO df stH ok>l lm jGf u oknk;G 4g q s a s q s s , , kvg rofkHi go l kjkpof dikv df g rdl pkl eg kr n kOm l nCu l q z s X s T s s s X s ifko lm dhO jrhH d Iufef pki jxv ikv 4g krdl kg hH xsk;l g; ud s s a , s a fy ]g k;x kl kr henkv df hn jc[ l ukG ukgüm ]F iNf _ef kt 4kg h; s , s s s s s X s s s s x xy nCu kdlm jkv kg knke7kdF henkv go ]g krdl kg hH g; ]udfy s , s a , s s 2k;x kl jrhH d Iufef s s uhr henkv go 2l ue Glf jn yhe jktg dS 4kvkt skl ]kvkt kl3tH ok s Z w s s s s s >l d nCu kd henkv lm jkv k;df r–fd uk;÷ jdOc e kd¬ke u o,knk;G q s s , X , X s s 4n kyl kr kg rdl kyl kd henkv lm jd X q s X s q s tH jkpof l kd¬ke ikv 4g kOc henkv dS ji Ihl hd jcu ln df e kd s s s , , a X s ¬ke kd oknk;G hn jc[ l ukG su k_ef 4Sg iNf ]g ntke xky Nqd lkil s , s s X q s T w , s kv d Ihl hd jcau ln e sphxc dS d lyfGrf 2l e;÷ke d _; hldf ku s X s s s a cf ]k;df rnfkol kd kjk/ hd jkpof dr jn yhe jktg dS e jxu lyfG a s w X rf jdOc e kd¬ke su oknk;G 2kd <"il d jkpof dr jn yhe jktg dS , X s , zs a s w 3k;df xk;i dS u oknk;G ]g r[j Cgu kF¬kv rgc ji kthp ere”wl df s z s , T s q X s X kt e d¥e lt lW jkv 4oknk;G g dufkKo kLc rgc dS e lW r;ofkl q s , , , , , \ q X s 4hdl kt hLdi jho¬r hygi hd jkpof udfy 4kF k;x k[n Cgu jkpof d \ s s r cv 2Cdl kt hLdi e jed yh'unol hH o ]CF xjr el hd jkpof e \ X s , s a s X a w X ue kt so 2hdl kt hLdi rfÎkv hd hjqN e e¥Gf hd jed ]g rkc hd huk s \ X s , , jg hLc jkv k;nf jd r–fd kd ue jkl 4k;df jkpof jiM d hjN dS ]k; , \ , X s s s q df jkpof dS l krohr rgc su henkv lm 4y Ldi e¥Gf hd jed kd of s z q s \ s , s Nrfi hd jkpof lm n;k' kr ;kt k;df jkpof dS l krohr rgc jxv d z s s s z q f hF h;x hd k'kv hd rkc lb jkv 4hF yh'unol rgc ]oIfll rgc go , s a q s X q ]hF h;x Bkxy e¥Gf kt e jed lm 4kjd jkpof l krohr rgc ji thp s X s , s s z q dS hldf er df k;x kgd l rDf;ø lm jdkOcf uekl d jed yh'unoal q s s s s , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 771 egaP

t pgi Ikp hH kdum kr g hrpgi Ikp kd jhj' 4g rgj Lt l yk[ hd qa s s s , qa s s T s s q\ s s jhj' kt ]g xky Nd 4k;x kg ckot kd ykol jr lc df kgd u nhjG kr s T s q s s s s s 4hxs;kt pc Gkl hj x hd jrhH 4g hrdl kt hLkr yk[ hd jiM 4g kylkG phc d kukn 4Tg h; , s\ s , s X s x kg xyv kukn hjx jkv yk[ hd y;jfku 4g Gkl rkc ]kgd u henkv lm s X s , s , s `g , krdl kt k;kpc rcfkl k;D kd hjx hd y;jfku [l udfy ]kgd u nhjG X s s w s s 4g k[l ]y;jfku g; g rcfkl 4g hrdl kt , w , , h;ky jdkpc hjx hdlb ]kgd u henkv lm `kg r[n lb df kgd jkv k; s s s s s , nf jdkOm lm k[l y;jfku kjln dS 4kd y;jfku lb kLkN ]kgd u nhjG s w w s s s\ s 4hxs;kt II hH hjx kr kxLkr kd y w s wa s s s k[ 4g Sg Lt kukn hjx jkv yk[ ]y;jfku g kpπd ]g ydæfqe kLkF ]kgd T q s q\ X s , s , , s\ su henkv lm `kg rdl ky jdkpc rcfkl kd hjx hd jrhH dlb jdLkG s s s s s\ lb df kgd u nhjG 4g kpπd y;jfku ]kgd u _ef lm `g kpπd y;jfku s s , s , `g kld ]kg r[sn y;jfku g; 4g kgj n e hg ckot go df kgd u nhjG , , s s wa s T s `ckot kd ykol je df kgd u henkv lm 4kvky LkG s s s s s\ lb jdkt kjt df kgd jkv k;nf kd _ef lm kd y;jfku lm 4F ;x kPp s , s s s s \ e k<jp dlm xky kt ]k;yf kOm kd y;jfku dS Sg Li e lki u nhjG X X s s s s q s \ X s `g krdl kg ld g; ]k;kv u okH hH kl7kjt kd [n ji jgp sdl , s s , q s s m jkv C;x hn LkG [kv hd jle 4g krLi eyke oHlv g; 4kF kgj lg , s\ X a w a , \ w a a go cr ];x Ikd ji7Fkg d jle ct df g kul ue df kgd u henkv lm s s , s w a , q s T s jkv `gj krkjd¬e go jkv kg hgj kt hn hyl kd henkv dS df g krdl , s q q , s w s , kg ld g; 2gj rkjd¬e o kr h;x hn hyl kd llht ct df g kul ue s s , s s q s s w s , q s T ]kNi l nhjG [' u henkv dS 4F rkv ujd u'n d k<jp dlm xsky u w s s s s s s Z s X s s rdf eyke u 4kF kvg kjgO e okx dS 4nhjG [' kF jhdG ukeyle dS w q X a s q 4hxX;kt kg W' huL s q i Bk[nf xyv L\t jkv hx;kt kg xyv hÈef ji unk[ k∏x Gjr kjkp d \ X , s s s s X s {1o lt 4g krkt kg W' kuLi Bk[nf go lm ]g krjd ''fkd hd ujd d s , , s q \ s , s s Fi lm ]g kurp kt go UHf l jhj' jkv g krjd ''fkd hd unk[ ∏x 1 s , s s s , , s s s s s s\ LkF jrhH d jhj' henkv kt udfy ]hrLi Cgu Bk[nf ke®kv 4g hrdl L\i s s s \ T Bk[nf hH Lt hd Gjr kjkp kr s;kt knk[ k∏x udfy ]CrLi Cgu Bk[nf X \ X s s s \ X L\t 4g hrdl Li Bk[nf hH go 4g hrkt kg W' huLi Bk[nf e kFv dS h , \ , s q \ X ˜ H ke®kv go güm ]g rjrm e k;bkjgx hd uk;÷ kt j,kv 4g hH go udfy X T s X X s , s ]hrLi Cgu Bk[nf hH jkv ke®kv 4g jkpof udfy ]krLi Cgu Bk[nf jkpof \ , , s \ 2s;nf <kei dufkKo d < z , s "il dlm ]krLi Cgu Bk[nf jkpof kt jkv 4s;df xk;i hH jkv u o,knk;G zs a s \ s , s z , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 871 egaP

4g kgj je jhj' ]g hgo e df g sr , wa T T ukt hH e <{ rje so ]g rukt l Bkjgx hH jkv kt 4kxukt kr kxMkt k X s T s s , s wa s a s g kPc yd ]g krukt kr kvg ukot jkv g kpπc df kF krukt e kd jhj' w\ wa s q , , T s cr ]kF kpπc ct 4kF hg 9e8 e df g gkox jkv rcl kd rkc lb3rf1e¬ T T , , w hd rkc lb kF kpπc e 4kF kpπc hHd e df kF ydæfe kukg kni hg yk; T T q s , [ g; kr rkg ;x ync hg ikv jxv `g ;x ync ikv k;D udfy 4;x skg s s s s T s s s ukot ]F spπc ikv 4kxkg hH klji jkv kxkg hH yd kt ]kF klji kt ]kF s s X , s s X s yd kt 6g hgo kt ]g Nd jrhH 4g kgj gc Cgu kt ]g Nd jrhH udfy s , s , q , s , q s 4g okgc dS jhj' ]g kgj gc rDo ji jhj' 4g , , s w , krkt ync jhj' jkc ln ]g krht henkv ykl jRl 4g krkt kg k;u cl ] , , s g krkt ync Nd7cl kd jhj' jwi e "o rkl df g rgd dufkKo 4g kgj , q s X Z T s , , ync <{rfi jhj' 4g hgj gc <{rfi kxx lt ]g kgj ync <{rfi jhj' z , z a s , , z `g hgo ikv cv jkv ]F Sg kni ikv ct jkv T , s q , , `kF kdikv e Ii ke d kt ]jhj' go g kgd `g ikv hgo df kxLi Bk[n X s a s s , a T s \ f hH l uhcjn k;D ]Lkt kd l¥l kl7kjt ]kLdI kl7kjt go `g ikv hgo s w s\ s \ q T ]kF kvg eüt kd jdkthc l IkN ltf l Ii d ke `g lki dikv jhj' hg q q a s s s s s s a , s o k;D ]Sg kni ikv e uipc jdy kd jhj' ltf ]kg u kri kdikv n;k' q , X s s s s 4g hrkt ync tkj jkv 4hx;kt y , s , s nc ]g yk[ go 6g kgj Li Bk[nf jgkc kt 4;®l hylv g hgo ]g kiNf jr , s , \ s , , hH kt ]g hg kdlb ;¥e df sxgd o ]g rukt kt 2g sry >el Nd7cl hg s , w X s T s s T s q kd k_¬o jkv ]g rukpgi hg kd k_¬o eg ]g rukpgi Cgu lm eg udfy s X , T s s X T s s s 4,g hc a y rgc k_k; hdlm 2kdp LkN go jhj' urdf eyke u jkv 4g s;df <gx q q s\ s w , T z su hlkouf d jrhH lm jhj' surdf ukt u 4g kd yko ujd lkouf jrhH s s , s s d jhj' kt ]Cgu ;¥e hgo hH kd jhj' 4g kd yko uugi kt ]g Cgu hgo s s w , s s s , ;¥e kd k_¬o 4g Cgu ;¥e kd jsn hLkF ]g ;¥e kd h;kF¬ `g krdl kg ;¥ w X , w s\ , w , s e k;D kd k_¬o 4g Cgu ;¥e hH Bkd kd jhj' 4g krkt k;nf Syflb ],g ; w X , w s , ¥e hg kdlm `g krkt k;nf k;D ;¥e kurb kdlm df rkc g; h;x gj jkv w , X w s , 4g krdl Li Bk[nf hH go ]g krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt go kr dl [n dj , \ , \ s s X s s d ji ylkG kd kukn kLkF eg jxv 4Cgu hg kri eg df g kvg kLt kØdb s s X s s\ X , q q\ kurb ]g kvg kLt kurb ]g jrhH kt go dfk;D 4g krLi Bk[nf hg jhj' , q q\ , s X , \ 4g krgkp kugd l>r e hg; ]g y;jfku wa s q T , kyhx r jkv 4kF y;jfku kvg k[l go ]kF kt jle go ]kF kt llht go w , q w s w a s 4krkg Cgu [n Bkd ]kLhi Bkd jrhH kr g krkt k;nf Ikd kd jhj' dum s q s \ s s , s s ]g ry jd ji sylkG kLkF l uiv kd yk[ hd jhj' kt xsky Nd 4g hrk T s s s\ s s s s s q ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 971 egaP

2eyke Cgu xP kd ujd rkc l k;lfk;üal géqr w a s s X X 4g hryp Cgu aSkKkv ji eg 4g ryp l tke huiv eg hg lS ]g hryp T T s s , s s T l tke huiv Skog l,t 4g rht l tke huiv eg 4g xky jkv o ]g ruk s , a s T s s , T s , s T s e kt kKkv 4ruke Cgu kKkv hd hldf eg 4g hlk;ül eg kr Syflb ],g k; s s T a s nf jd nc kuuke kKkv hH hd hldf ueg `kg s;x kg yxki ]kgd u hlk;üal a s s s s 4g krn kKkv e ]gér g kuyp Fkl sj wa s T X q , e df kgd sulm jkv hy pC[ jkoyr sulm 4k;x jH l /k∂ jdul jndlV s , s s q 4g kgj jd , ''fkd hd ujd 0lf ukge Syflb ]g henkv kIkN go df g krukt g; s s , s , go ]g kryduf ujd 0lf ukge kt jkv 4ryduf Cgu ujd 0lf ukge kd , s s , s s s suiv hHd ukge ]kun gd l yxki lm ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg hlk;üal go s s s s a 4g ukge wa e df e k;ufqn g kyduf ujd 0lf hg; go ]rpæfuf ]kgd u k;gfkilf um T X , s s X `g , kr>el ukge kd uiv hH n[ go k;D 2jndlf ukge ]kgd u hlk;üal lm s s q a s 4g kgj kv uyef likv jndlf ukge df k , s s a s d hlk;ül lm hd jc[ ygi jdkt su k;gfkilf kn dlm 4lki d hnu k;x a s X s s s e tk[ hd hlk;ül lm jdy hxu jkoyr jnadlf 4kxs;kv Cgu hHd jkv krk X s a s a , v Cgu e >el hHd hlk;ül kd k;lfkoæof d jkoyr `hrLi e >el rkc X a s X s \ X cl g; k;D lm ]hlkoæof kd jkoyr go 4kLi Cgu e >el Nd hd jndlV s \ X q 4g ydæfe kukygf jH pb kd hlk;ül udfy ]g uklkv kuykL , q a s a s , jke kd hlk;ül 4sxdl kt y Cgu ikv kd hlk;ül `g hrkg rdkr k;D hd s a X s s a , s hlk;ül df Cgu kri kdikv n;k' ]kgd sukgüm 4xy ulg xky d okx lm a s X s s a s s a `hd hlk;ül chjx dS g hrdl a , kg rdkr k;D ]kxMkt sy e `g hrdl kg ydæfe k;D >qe e ukt y kd j s a T , s q s X s s s hdG dS ]kd hlk;ül <jk/kl dS 4kjd re ∂Gf er hdlb ]kgd u jndlf s a s q s a 4g ydæfe rgc kukt y udfsy ]g hlk;ül dS ]kgd u kxky d okx , q q s , a s X s s a 4Fkl d ukeél hgk' g krgkp kukt y Fkl uiv lm e kr ;k s wa s s s T s s t yef kg; hlk;ül Bkd kjd jc[ df e okx k;koNi ulm ]k;kv yk;[ sl a a s s X a q s m 4kjgO e okx dS d ckti cr ]kF krIky lifko ct jdIy cl jndlf X a s a , w a `g krkg kld hlk;ül ]g rgkp ku[n eg 2kukv y hH kd hlk; , s , a T s s s s ül dS ]kF kgd u k_ef d jndlf 4g thc7jkpof Sg s;x l kg; k; ]g Sk a s X s a T q s a T a og Bg h;x l kg; k; ]g hlk;ül Sg ;x l ukr¬ngV3g LIkilDS cl kr j q s a T a q s s q T ∆ s s gkc d ukr¬ngV 2l kunf rgc g rkt s;ki hg e ukr¬ngV hlk;ül 2kukv y s q s X q T s X q a s hH hlk;ül dS ]sxkvky Xthp rgc l ukr¬ngV df kF kgd llm e uku; u a s q s q s X w s k_ef dlm kr kF k;kv Gjr hd ukr¬ngf go ct 4kIky l ukr¬ngV jndlf X s s q a , s q a
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 081 egaP

Iiy jGf 4g krdl kt k;kt jrhH d ukde jkv jkc dS ]n krc eg kr X , s , X X s kg kpc Nd jkv kgd l dyfke d ukde lm jdkv u kxky l jnv 4k;x s q , s s s X s s a yduf jgkc ukekl kjkl jGf 4F gj kt sykduf jgkc _pf ;¥egc 4kF kgj s s w q kt kykduf jgkc jpñuG hrehd 4F gj kt sykduf jgkc _¬o hrehd 4CF hg s s j kt hykduf jgkc ak;jfktrf 4F Sg ykHl kdlm xky ]kF e rykg 'kgc s s q s a s s X s s 4kF kvg kL[ jgkc dyfke kd yge 4F gj ky jgkc ukekl jdkt jrhH d q \ s s s yge xky kLdl 4kF kgj yt e kIiy hd xkv yge hrehd kurdf eyke s X \ , X X w u 4;x kg L[ e LhH lm hH go 4F rjtx l r¬kj lm ekj heko¬ 4hF h s s s \ X \ s s q s s ;x xy xkv e ukde Lc rgc dS d k;dfkI 4F Sg s;x ukikt ekj heko¬ X s \ q s s s s q 2g rkt ywH kd n[ jkv g ry >el cl kd ukde df g T s s q , T s s s T >elku lsS Bd 2g ry kpc kd ukde jkv g rn pc kd dyfke d ukde s T s s s , T s s s s s df g >elku lS Bd udfsy 4g xyv rkc hd ;¥e d dyfke d ukde `d T s s , w s s yfke d ukde udfy 4g krkg kd dyfke d ukde dS kurtf ]g ;¥e hg k s s , s s , w urm kd jhj' lb 4g Cgu ;¥e hH Bkd kd jhj' lb 4g ;®l hgo ]g r1ev , w s , , hgo ]g uoht hgo df g Syflb ;¥e kdlm `kg rNi3g k;D ;¥e kdlm , , w s s w , X w 4g rkt Om jiM d T s s q 1 s , 1 ;®e o ]g rev kt go ]krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt ]g ry tk[ kdlm kt udfy s \ s T s s s s s s 4g krxy jL l uje Syflb ]g ke/<je go 4g ry > , s s , Z T s s el cl eg kd hlm ]g krLi Bk[nf eg kt df g Syflb rjL l uje eg s , \ X s T s s s `g k;D rjL l uje eg ji 4g krkt yp lc Syflb ]g rjL l uje e , X s s s , T s s s g 4krdl yp Cgu lc hH Bkd kd hldf ji lm ]krjL Cgu l uje kt jkv s s s s , 2kF krjL Cgu s s l uje henkv go dfk;D ]kdl yp u lc Bkd kje ji lm udfy 4F srg X s s s s d hlk;ül xky ltf ]kF kyef henkv dS df jdkt e ukuw; kgd u jndlV a s s X s 4k;x kg kji oHuv go 4k s w q F kyduf e tk[ hd uoht lb ]kr Syf d ujd oHuv hg; ]kr hg; jkv X s s s s q s , 4g Cgu e go ]sxkdl Ikd ltf er 4sxkn Ikd >e er df kugj re Xe yk; wa T s s q s s q q [ lb udfy 4sxk[n hH er ]sx[n hH eg 2ji uhet h;x jxf unx df ]x s s s q X s Z s X s [n hH eg gjr hlm ]ji uhet h;x jxf unx df kx[n r gjr ltf kr k Z s s w s xIkd unx r jxv 4g jckjc cl kujd7u ]kujd xyv leg lm cv Syfl s Z w , s s b jkv 4g dqp ukt klsS ]g xyv l sygi rgc eg llm ]g kgj jd rkc , T s T s q s , hd sujd xyv r kd unx ltf df Cgu kri >r ]yxki ]kgd u hlk;üal lm w s Z s q s 4hxn jd xyv kd uZn s s x hjkgér jkoyr g; 4kxkg cyre hg dS kd uII d kKkv 4kul Cgu u?y q s s w s q a ¥m kd kKkv huiv hHd sue 4g Cgu htkj kd uul g; e df kgd u jndlf T wa s s q T s a
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Bk[nf udfy ]Cgu g jdDp go 4g hrkt uc jdDp jkv g hre? l jkt s , , , , w s s s kt ]yk'e dS Glf kr g 2g krLi Bk[nf Glf Cgu `Cgd g jdDp go 4g Z s , , \ Z , , krxy uLi Bk[nf jdDp dS kr s;bke? l jkt jdy e Fkg kd yk'e d s \ s q s s s X s S 4g krkt uc ydfl j;kG dS ]Ro kd xkv dS kr ;ke? l jkt Bkd ` , Z 1 s s q s s s jdkxy xkv e hLdy dS k[n suikv 4xX;keq? kd Fkg l jkt jdkxy xkv X \ s s s s s s pπc Nd 4g hrkv chjd hykg hHv 4rDo d hykg k;df yk;[ uikv hHd q , s s s s 2g kgj Li Bk[nf Lkt kd , \ s\ X q kv<v yko uLi Bk[nf u um jkv krLi Cgu Bk[nf <v Bkd 2g Lkt kd s s \ , \ q s , s\ X kvq<v syko suLi Bk[nf u cl hH g; ]g kgj Li Bk[nf kt g; 4g Lkt kd \ , \ s , s\ eIS Glf jF®i g; udfsy 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf eIS Bkd `g krdl Li Bk[ Z \ s , \ nf ld Lkt kdum cr ]rLi Cgu Bk[nf eIS ct 4henkv g; g yxki kLc s , s\ s \ , \ 4g kuc l Lkt d eIS ]g kuc l eIS jF®i , s s\ s , s ]kxgd go `g kuc lldf jF®i XNi lm jkv 4g krLi Cgu Bk[nf eIS ]k s , s w s , , \ xgd go 4XNi l dufkKo jdkt hHv 2g hrLi Cgu Bk[nf kt ]g kvg kuc s w s , T \ s , q s X l kthp um jF®i g; df kpkl hHd uikv ]g r[n ikv jdkOm jF®i dS s s T s s 4g huc thp hjkl hg sl T X Xkthp hIym ub 4g hIym hLc thp kg; ]g hygi hLc hxntf udfy 4g krskg T \ X a , s \ a s , nk;ufc hgo ]g krLi Bk[nf kt ]g rpkl kr eg 4kg nk;ufc go ]krLi B q , \ s T s s s s q \ k[nf Cgu kt df g hrLi eyke rkc hIym hLc g; udfy 4g kL[ ji jk/ s , \ w \ s , \ kv d yko uLi Bk[nf u ]uoH kyko uLi Bk[nf go 4g Cgu nk;ufc go s s s \ s \ , q ]g krLi Bk[nf kt 4g nk;ufc hgo ]krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt 4g jkgl hg dlm , \ s , q \ s , s s hH go ]g krLi Bk[nf kt jkv 4hg g hH go ]krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt udfy , \ s , , \ s s 4Syflb g krLi Cgu Bk[nf dyfke kd ukde jkv , \ , ]Syflb g krLi Bk[nf ukekl go 2g kgj kpc kd ukekl jkv g kgj n u , \ , s , , s s yt kd dyfke d ukde henkv jg 4g kgj kg e k;ufn hjkl hg klS df kp s s , s X q s gi ji thru lb jd[n kuI? g; e jkv 2k;x k;yf kpc ukekl jkv k;x qa s s T , , yt dyfke kd ukde eltf ]k[n ukde dS tkv ue 4hpπl hLc udfy X s s T \ s ]h[n kuI? rHnv hLc dS sue tkv df k[yf Xe hj;kL huiv u ekj heko¬ s q \ T s 2k;x kg e®[ hgo ] s kF ukekl go Syf dltf dfk;D ]k;kpc F;ø ukekl kdikv ueg df g gj s X Z s T s kj eg cv 2g ;kv jdy 'ky hdlm eg cv 2k;x yt jkv k;x gj hg jr s T s s , hH go ]kF dyfke kd ukekl jkl df kt ]kIc krkydb kd dyfke ukde jk s s s , , v s;x xy e ukpc d ukekl eg 4h;x kg yH ]kgd u kxky `g kgd go ] X s s s w s X s , a g dyfke kd ukekl cl lb kt 2kIc krkydb kje ]kgd u dyfke d ukde , s s , s s s 4n krc kr skg X s hpc thp ;¥egc Bkd 4kxkg oHlv kukt jrhH jGf 4hxy Ldi gjr hjwi w q s s a X \
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2hrLi \ Cgu Bk[nf hg ydycf go 6g y[ kjkl jiM dltf ]lul'kd g go ]kurp q , s s s a , s g go ]g hiNf rkc kt hd ;¬gj lcl jkv <io®ge lcl jrhH dlb jkv , , s s , Z w s s , 2g Lkt kd kv<v yko uL , s\ X q s s i Bk[nf u hH g; ]g krLi eyke lkO rgc ]g krLi Bk[nf eg jhj' kt \ , \ w s q , \ X s g; 4g Cgu hH go ]g krLi Bk[nf eg Fkni kt g; 4g rHnv rgc hxntf , , \ X Z s , q q a 4g rkt xy k"o e ukv d k T s ˜ X s s X <jdf lum dfk;D 2g Cgu so kgt ]sxgj rLi Bk[nf Cgo knl jkv 2xXLi Cg s X T a X s \ , s \ u Bk[nf hHd kgo ]g kgt jkv 2g gj Li Cgu Bk[nf kdikv kgo ]g o akg a T a , T s \ s a T s t jkv 2g Cgu kgo hH Bkd o ]g rLi Bk[nf jkr skt 4g kO> 'kdkv kjkl , T a s s T s \ s , w 4kxgj krLi Bk[nf hH xkv dr ykl Okl s \ s go 2g kgj Li Bk[nf go udfsy ]u hH kg ]kg k;x kg e®[ go phc lb g , \ s s s , krdl kg 4g kgj Li Bk[nf kgo kdeg Syflb 2g h;ki pgi ji uhet hj s , \ a s , qa keg cv <jdf Bg hyp hdlm sygi ykl Okl 4k;x Pc xkv rgc Xe ykl O q \ s q kl 4kxkg kgj kjkr ygi ykl Okl kgo ]g kgj Li Bk[nf kjkr kdikv gxt s s a , \ s ltf 4kF hHd kjkr kgo df g kgj Li Syflb Bk[nf go `g kgj Li sld a , \ , \ , Bk[nf kr g Cgu jxv ]sxgd ikv 4g kgj Li Bk[nf Glf go 4g Cgu kjkr s , X , \ Z , hH Bkd kgo ]g kgj Li Bk[nf kjkr kdikv g; kgt df kxkg Cgu kri n; s a , \ s a s k' kdikv jkv ]kdikv g gj Li Bk[nf jkr kgo ][n Gjr hd 'kdkv lm s , s T s \ s a X s `g krdl kg eH ld go ]g krL\i , s z s , , Bk[nf eg kt ]sxgd eg udfy 4g eH go ]g krLi Bk[nf hH skt 2g Cgu X s X s , z , \ , e k;ufn thp Bkd hlt jIe ]Cgu hg g Fkni 2k;x je Fkni ]LL tb jI X q s , , , Z Z s e g krgd hg; ukKof kji cv 4kje Cgu kr joæB udfy 4k;x je joæB ] , , w s s LL tb Lkx3kF kgd g; ygi ykl hl¬v ]ygi ykl jRl7Okl Bkd u '®hu s s s s s s 2g Cgu thp hH Bkd hl,t jIe ]Cgu hg g Fkni ]g rgd o ]g rukt kt c , s , , Z T s s T s s v ]kg u yk;[ kdikv ]n;k' 4g krLi Bk[nf kt ]g rgd kdlm eg Fkni s s , \ s T s s Z 4g jkd®ep g; 2g hgj Li Bk[nf , T \ jkv g huc l kthp hyko uLi Bk[nf u thp hjkl hd rxt ]Cgu hg ke®kv , T s X s \ X 2g Cgu T thp hyko suLi Bk[nf so ]g huc jdyef l kthp utf jkv 4g hgj Li Bk[ X \ , s X , , \ nf k;ufqn hjkl 4g krLi Bk[nf jF®i eg l gto hd ue? l htr dum u , \ X s s w s s s dfy 4rLi Cgu Bk[nf o df g gj e? l htr hurb eIS ]g rgd dufkKo s s \ s T s w s s T s , 4g krkt uc ∂p dS l gto hd ue? l htr rgc , s s w s s q yk'e 4g hgj yduf hH gxt hyk[ e phc df krLi Cgu Bk[nf eg df g , X \ X , hgj e? l kjkt urb yk'e df g krLi Bk[nf Syflb jdDp go 2g krL\i w s X s s , \ ,
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4kvg ikRkpæi rgc lm cr 2h;x je jkv h;x jxf hu q q s , ®i hdlm 4e aSd dS k;nf n kdD/ kd hu®i huiv e /k∂ uiv Arrv ul X q s s X s s a s m df kF h/k∂ kurb go 4kF henkv h/k∂ rgc dS Xe okx dS g kuql uTe s s q a , s 4g uke , l d ukOcf ji h[ekyko† kdikv uiv e;l klS jkv 4g dkujr[ rgc e s s q s s a s , , q ;l klS 4g krkt kg kIym ydycf jiM ]g krkg Nd jrhH 2g kry [hl a s , s q , s q , s X Igkjd¬e jiM ]g kryt /k∂ jrhH 2g krkt Oc jdy Oki d e;l j,kv ; q q , s , , s s a Z p‰c jiM3g hrgj hrxyl kulko jrhH ]g hrgj hryt xkv hd klgV jr z , q , hH ]Iiy hd klgV jrhH 2k;x kg dlgVv e df g krpkl jkv 4g kry jd X s T , s , , s ektrb jkl ; 2g krk[ Cgu kuk[ rkj ]g krhi jdukN huki3g krkt kg a s s , , , s dlgVv henkv l jiM ]g hrkg klgV jrhH 4g rkg xky d gjr hlb he;al s , s T s s s s jrd/fv jkv 4g krkt kg jkv Nd l jiM ]g krkg Nd jrhH 4g krikF , , s , q s , s q , s jiM uiv hr¬njct henkv kt ]g e;l klsS kr dS 4g hxk;im kuy >el s s , a s , s s s l dhO kd krkc kukn ub 4g krskg /çyim tgl kd ;‘ue iWo¬ek<jfi d s X X s , s q s >el kt kd e;l lm udfsy ]g hrki{i rgc kd e;l e 4g kry ikF ji s a wa q a T , s s M uiv hr¬njct henkv kt kd e;l lm ]g h/kjof kd e;l hg rpæfuf Te s s a wa s a `g h/kjof kd e;l e k;D df g kNi u _ef dS wa s a T , w s 2g rkt kg rîkel jkv g rkt dQ ji hlm ]g krLi Bk[nf T s s , T s , \ s kt ]xky o g xkHv jkv 4g rkt kg u≈yl e tk[ hdlm kt ]xky o Tg ; s s T s , T s s a X s s s s ü/ jkv 4g ;snkim rgc ]g hjWt rgc hH kujd tk[ hdlm 4g ;nkim rg , , q , q s , s q c ]g hjWt rgc kujd rkc hdlm Syflb 4g krLi Bk[nf Cgu kt ]g krg , q , \ s , j pc hgo unf lm ]kx;kt jxf jhj' g; unf ltf 4g hrkt hd rkc hdlm s , Syflb 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf kt ]g ;¥e kdlm 4g hd rkc ji k_l Nd ]ji \ s , w , X w q krdl Nd ]dpl Nd e /cl d tk[ hd ;®l hlm ueg e kunf uhr ub X s a q w q X a a s s s X X 4kg u≈yl e tk[ hd ;ænv jkv ;kt dQ u ji ;æn ];kt dQ u j X a X s 1 , X 1 X i su[n kt ]xjd hg so oHuv lm udfy 4g krdl kt k;df oHuv hH tk s s s X q s s , q v lm ]g k;x k;df oHuv lm 4g krdl kt k;df oHuv kd ke®kv udfy s , q s , q s s 4g hrkt kg W' BkuOfd Syflb jkv `,g hr , s q , dl [n ld kd n[ ]g hrdl [n kdcl jkv ke®kv dfk;D 4g hrkt kg y s s , s q , s s , X , s dæfe hLc kr g krkt Bkd e tk[ hd ke®kv ct jkv `g krdl Ldi sld q \ s , s X s , , \ , kd uiv n[ kIepf dfk;D 4hxdl kv Cgu e Ldi go jGf 4hx;kt kg y s s q X s X \ s s dæfe rgc jGf kr hd ''fkd hd uLdi kd Iepf hlm jxv l sIepf hlm q q s s s \ s s s udfy 4sxXy Ldi kr gkp kuLdi kd thp hH hldf eg l Iepf dS jxv s \ s X \ s s s 4g T hgo kr hg ikv `kxstk[ kdlm ukd dfk;D 2g hrkt hyp hrdjl Nhi hg s s s , X , s hurm go ]kxs;bkt e tk[ hdlm hurtf ]kx;tfhd tk[ hurtf hdlm jkv X s s s ,
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fk' ufe lm u Qx dlm 4kF k;kv Nhi lcl kt ]k;x yduf xkv lcl go a q s s q s s s s s s 4s;x Li Nhi ;‘'f jkl d ufe df k;x xy e k;pæir uOfd hurb go 4; \ s s s q X Z s x kg Wq' uyef <kei duv d i¥dl ukge d henkv lm l unf jln jkv s s z s s a s s s w , 2k;yf y i¥dal uwr s s e <{ dS df k;df Z;kd ukge kurb sur 4g hxkH;ü/ kLc r ]kgd u ufqe X w , \ w s 4g jk;r kd suy k{hn e ]kgd jdkg L[ jkv s;nf dG _¬o u henkv lm wa , s s T s s \ , X s 2g krxy sukv kte hg kurm hH e ukrl kd n[ 2uL , X s s q \hie®kv3g rgd e†pfkle e htzsxv ltf ]g hrkg klgV dS jkv 2uLhiji3 T s s , X a s , s , \ g rgd e†Lfl e htzsxv kdltf ]rfi d jln g hrkg klgV dS 4g hrkg kl T s , X a s z s s w , s , s gV ]g hrskg lXy;ko hd gjr kn 4g rkg xky yko ukrl d gjr kn e k;ufqn , s T s s s s s s s X 2g ry T s s jd W' kun I‘d kd n[ jkv g ry Lke Gjr huiv kd /k∂ lm ]g krsn q s s q , T s s s\ s s , I‘d kd kjln /k∂ kt jkv 4g rkg xky h/k∂ xky hlk;ül jkv ho¬ir r' s X w s s , T s s s s s a , rfi soukOv l e ,kl 4g krkv e sukrl kte kd /k∂ 4g krdl krl hH kd z a s X , X s s , s n[ /k∂ ]g krdl krl hH kd jln /k∂ 4g rdkr dkujr[ hLc /k∂ 4g q s , s s w s , \ s , krdl kojd k;pæir hLc /k∂ dfXk;D ]g rkt kg ho¬ir jldv xky h/k∂ Z \ s T s s s s 2g ukoi¥dl rgc df s>el ufe udfy 4e krkc Xkukn kF u dG Bkd , a q q s X X s Z s ]kF /k∂ hgo 4k;nf kjxf e k{hn kd uiv jdn kdD/ dS gjr hlm ]kF k s X s s s ;nf kjxf e aSd kd hu®i jdn kdD/ ulm e <{ dS lt 4kF h/k∂ henkv X q s s s X s , s go 4kF u hH Nd i¥dl 2k[n Cgu ue henkv kd joki yof kurb ]henk q a s s T v ukoi¥dl kurb ]g [n ue xsky rgc ]kgd u ufe 2Sg rdfp rgc ufqe a T s s s T q s q q q 2n k{hn rDo hlb ]n k{hn df kg X X d sulm 2k;x kg kL[ u≈u jddG _¬o ]okr u k[n okv jGf u henkv lm s \ X s s 4F u≈u ufe o 4g krdl kg N s q s , s d kr ky y k{hn er jxv 4kxLi kusy lk;ül ]hxLi hujd ku/kl hd e;al q s s s q s \ a s \ Syf dlb 2g ydæfe kurht kd /k∂ Sg rgj F¬gx <jk/kl ]kgd u ufqe s , q s s q s 1 s `g krdl ki ;tof ji /k∂ uiv ld e 4 wa s s s , T g k;x kjc? rgc e cv 4k;nf n kdD/ kd hu®i huiv uTe 4g kgj yt sl wa q T s s s wa /k∂ e df kgd ulm jkv k;x kg kL[ jdLkt Fkg ]jdkt lki d ufe e s T s , s \ s\ s q X k<{ d ikRkpæi henkv h/k∂ go 4dl krc kr¬kj Bkd go n;k' 4kvkt lk X s s X s s i dum ]g s;kv ufe go 4sxkync Cgu gjr lb er df hn gkyl lm u k_e s T q s q s s X f 4F s;kv ufe dS ]hlk;ül dS e okx 4kOm kg h[n rgc go e ikRkpæi s q a X a s q q X 2xjd Cgu df kF k;df ;r ukgüm kt ]g rjd hg s X s X s T s o jGf yd jkv 4sxjd Cgu klsS cv df g ry jd ;r jGf o 4krLi Cgu , X T s s s \ jrv Bkd kd k;/fk∂ l ikRkpæi udfsy 4g krkg ikRkpæi kd k;/fsk∂ hHl a s s X s s , s s X
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`g k;D , eku kdikv ]k;x yH e ;jfgO ];jfgO df kgd u _ef lm nkc Iufef kn w T s s s s 4s;x xy e krkc hjlwn X X Nd ufe jGf 4k;nf krc eku kt ]hd kiÎ hLc uikv ]ukoxH ]kgd u _ef q q s \ s s 2ky ul l dhO ]Fkurfk' ufe g eku kjse 2g kpp Xe r s q s a q , , Z xt jkl hd eku je `kg rul Cgu k;Lfj `kg rPi Cgu jkc[v ]kgd ulm s s s s s q s s s s \ s 2g k;kv uNi eku c , s w v jkv g krukt l uipc s>e go ]g krukt rfkH7hyH go dfXk;D ]k;x kv , , s q , a /k∂ kr kd ufe `g eku k;D kdikv df g krdl Ni Te k;D 4g k;D eku s s s q , wa w , dhO7dhO kdikv df Cgu kri >e udfy ]g hul Zrfhd hLc hdikv ],g kuql s q s , q \ eku kLc kdikv ]tkjkge df kgd sulm jkv 4k;x Oc jdkv lki _ef go \ , , 4g krkv kyp ikv uiv kjln kr g krkv dS jxv 4g BkH xl jkdgv jk , s w s , T s a , v /k∂ dfk;D 4kg krht /k∂ su henkv lb g ydæfe df k;x kv yk;[ slm s X s s , q hHr 2g kgj gkp Cgu kuukpgi hH jGf ]g k;x ukpgi go df k;x kv kr , , s X e >el hH kd _ef 2Cgu kukpgi udfy ]u hlk;ül k;yf kr [n kd _ef s s s a s s s 4kd jkdg a v g kte kr hg; ]ukpgi u kd hldf go jkv ukpgi kdlm k;ufn 2g krj , s s s , s s q , d k_k; hd kpe Lc henkv ]Li u kuukpgi kd hldf df Syf d te hlb X a s \ s \ s s s 4krukpgi Cgu kd syko sphu hldf Bkd jGf 4Sgfkp kukg kpM pe 4krL\i C s s s a a gu dG Bkd llb ]kg kd hlk;ül gkp jkv kg kd jI¬ufef gkp pe go 2sr Z s s s a s , s s a ukpgi Cgu kd kyko uOc phu o ]g rkt kg uhlkv ji kpe L\c henkv kt s X s , s s T s s X a s s 2F s;kv skd sujd uZ'n dlm xky kjktg 4kF uhlkv ji pe L\c hlk;üal s s s X a s 4k;k v u[sn kd hlk;ül ]kd _ef suiv henkv go 4kLi Cgu lkoæof lm g; 2k; s s a s \ s x kg ld g; 2g k;x kg Fkurfk' ufe ]g k;x kg /kl r¬kn h/k∂ kdlm d s s , , s a q , s q s s f jdukt g; kvg rdfp rgc go 4kF krgj e huk/tkj _ef dS kdlm 4h q q X F h;x pgi rfk;“ hdlm e huk/tkj hd 'n 4kpgi e huk/tkj hd 'n go qa X s qa X s 4h;x hyp hrPc rfk;“ hdlm 2hd ukrl kd n[ hykduf chdjr jktg7j \ s s q X ktg ulm 2kxy sukg ueæn kuiv henkv h/k∂ go hg kurm ]kxy suyef jn s s q s kv kurtf jGf 2k;nf jd kIkd jdk[l kd jhj' jkl ulm 2kry utkH jkc a q s s s s s dS e unf uhr go ]rjd utkH jkc dS e unf /kl jln ct 2kryp ji X s s X q s w X a k;LfLxi hjH l kIkd go kr ryp ji kr¬kj Sg /c /kl jln ct 2krgj s X a s s X q s a q s w kL[ e i/ go kr rOc e k;kN /kl jln ct 4xy ukv jkpkel d ktwi h \ X w s s , X q s w s s s dlm l gxt7gxt 4k;x kg rîki rfk;“ e rxt henkv go rrhc7rrhc "o s s z X s s Z 4 hF hd W' ku/kl hd ujd ;tof ji /k∂ sulm dfk;D ]k;nf eku kd Fkur q s s X
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044 fo 681 egaP

krkg ewyke /cl Bkd phc dlb 2;kt kyp krkg yvlDl henkv jkv yp s a a s s s s q , , s rhprkc hurb hd ;p‰c 4g rkc hd hukjg hLc g; 4xkg d/fv hg urm Z z , , \ s X s rDf;ø dekd e 'n lm ]hxkg rkc hurtf hd Z;p‰c e 'n ltf `g kvg q X s s z X s , q k;D g; 4g k;x yp krkg he;lv ;‘ue hg kurm ]g Bg kpp hurtf 2k;ki , s a q , q Z s kg Cgu he;l ;‘que udfsy ]g hryp kpp l k"o kjktg hd e;l 2g knk;† a , Z s ˜ X a , rgc l kOki e;lv e uoht udfsy ]g rgc kr Oki d e;l Syflb 4;x q s X a X T q s s a s s \ ;kPi Oki d e;l yko suikF jiM d k;efnkv l k"o jktg dr cv udfy s a s s s X s ˜ s 4eüt klgVv jkv s;kt kg <h{ l jrhH kl s , s s gV k; 4kvkt kg dlgVv jkv kn kcn jrhH kd klgV 4Bg klgVv hd gjr kn s s , s s q s 4 g klgVv eku kdlm ]g krkt gj "s' kt jGf jkv 4g hrkg rt√lof klgV sj , , s , , s h/7jh/ ]l ukg rxkt rfi d klgV ]l ujd tk[ hd klgV hd jrhH ]sl uu s s s s z z s s s s s kpgi kd klgV ]l u>el kd klgV ] l >el hd klgV d¥fc ]hrkv Cgu klg s s s s s Vv l uen d klgV 4krkv Cgu l uen e;l go ]g krgd e;l e kdltf s s s a wa a T s ]e;l dofr¬ko udfsy 4kvkv y jiM uiv kd Iym llm jdkcn jkv 4kn k a s s s s s s , s cn kdlm kr g /k∂ jrhH jxv ]kn kcn kdlm kr g klgV jrhH jxv 4g k s s , s s s s , , rkg yG kd u'il ]uen k'eg e;l k;x kikF l jgkc 4g xyv Sk;∂fzi h s zs s a s s T a d kukn ub 4g kryG Gjr hd jgkc jkv g kreüt l ke®kv kt ]g e {i X s , , , , s s wa X s d e;l lm e 4g krn yc ji <jpkv Glf kt ]g e /kjof d e;l lm Te a T , s Z s wa X s s a 4hrync Cgu ke®kv l uync jH <j s s pkv udfy 4g krkt ync <jpkv kr s;kt ync ke®kv 4g hrkg Gjr hd j s , s T s gkc l jrhH k;rfk∂ hjkl 4hrkg Cgu Gjr hd jrhH l jgkc rfk∂ hH Bkd s a a s s a s 4hrjd Cgu rjfrkiW kd ke®kv hd jrhH ]rkc h;x hikF l jiM 4krL\i a s s s Cgu jrv Bkd jrhH udfy 4g rdl kg hxk;® hHky 4g krdl kg cl g; a s s T s s s , s 2g ry jd k<jk/ hd ;p‰c hHd 2g rxy uLi Bk[nf ukoke{ h/k∂ 2g T s s Z z T s s \ s T s rkt uc dlgVv ]dlgV 4g kOc Sg ;kcn jrhH kd /k∂ lm e;l kjkl g; , , q s s s a `g ntke k; k;x , w , kyp /k∂ go df kF k;kv u[n hg; Glf Te 4g gxt huiv /k∂ kdikv j s s s Z , s , , kv g gxt huiv 0fc lki je 4tkjkge g gxt huiv cl ]kgd u _ef lm q s s , s `Cgu k; lki jr g 0fc3Fku s s , q rfk' ufe g eku kje 2kxn Lkr jlf kgd jkv k;yf kOm kLL kuiv u ufqe a q , s wa s\ , a s `kdikv g k;D eku ]k;x yH e ht ufe kgd , w T q jkv k;kxy Fkg kd ji jGf u henkv lm df hxkg hyp rkc hjln nkc Iuf , s , s s w ef kn 4jd ke{ kF k;x yH e ]k;nf krc jGf uikv ]nko;ü/ ]kgd u _ef s X w T s s 4Fkurfk' ufe3kF k;kr a q c hHv ue eku kje ]yxki k; kg henkv ]kgd 2k;x xt /k∂ jrhH d ufqe s T s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 781 egaP

2h;x ji XkLid d _ef ]h;x jtu hH hdltf ji r¬kj jkl udfy `g k;D \ s s s s , Z s tg kr Syf ugi Lid jxv su hldf `g kvg k[j k;D elb df kgj kr>e s \ , q X l kd suiv jrhH jkv jiM7jiM kgj krjd rkc l _ef jH r¬kj 4g rkc s , s s , jkdc cl df hd ''fkd rgc hd uk>el 4g rk>el xky he;l klt ]kd s s q s T s s a , s ue suiv k;k>el rgc `g kvg k[j k;D e kLid ]g kuiv _ef 4Sqg dlm q , q X X \ , s k; Sg suiv sLid 4g k[j k;D e krkc ub df k;k>el rgc kd ue udfy q \ , X X q s s 2F xy s s s \ uLi Bk[nf jdku hg uekl dlm jkv F Lid hg uiv skr kg; 4g hrkt , s s , s s \ s a , kg Ghydr hH cr ]kg Lid d jln 4hxkg Ghydr kr ;kt kg jd,ku henkv s X s \ s s w s s s s jkv Lid hg d n[ 4kxy uLi Bk[nf jdku ydycf uhYQlu uekl dlm , s \ s q s \ , q s s 4kxy uLi eyke jnl rgc _ef go e kL\id jnl unf lm j,kv 4F Lid s \ w qa q X X qa s s \ jnl urb ]h;x Ldi k;‘B e ue d jhdG kr ugi Lid u _ef ct udfy qa s \ Z X s s s s \ s s 4; s nf n Lid kd _ef 4x;kt kv ekd d uugi kd _ef kyp df kvg '[ tk s s \ s s X s s s s q q v 4k;kv Cgu hg kdke go ]kxwaugi hHd df kF krjd k{hri 4kF k;ki kIt , z q Cgu reégf jhdG hd uugi df F Lid hrehd urb 4F ugi Cgu hHd n[ s s s \ s s s q ]F Lid hrehd rgc 4jdykduf k;kv sy ]F Lid tkr 4F rt ]hF hLxi s s \ q s s \ s s s w \ ]kF Ikd 4kF k;df IH u Ikel hldf ltf ]Ikd dS kF kLkN [j u jhdG s X s z s s s\ s 4Mkt kg Fkl jkgér jkv y ykL e kr kg krd Ikd dhO Bkd a s s q , wa T s s Z q s s lki jkgér 4g ;x kg nx cl je _¬o udfy 4yp hg Fkl jkgér df g krg s q T s s s a s s s wa s q wa kp kr e 4g Cgu reégf hd uk[ jH <{ kr >e ]kgd u _ef lm phc lb s T , s s s s q s 4g hujd rkc hurdf ]C;x kg rkc hurdf 4kg yef er nkc "o lhc 4x T X s X s s q Z s jd rkc kI? jdOc ler jGf 4kxMkt kv hg hn¥t ]aMkv yef kLkF e 4g X X a , s q a s\ T wa kgj kt uyef l Cgüdf cv e 4kxLi kukt dQ jn hLkF gér ]g [n kLc u s s T s \ s s\ X q , q \ dfy 4jdyef gér kvg '[ rgc ]kg ;kv er nkc k"o df kgd u uhYQlu s X q q q q s s q ˜ s 4kF k;kv _ef g o nkc Z"o lhc 4k;x yef yx jkv k;x kv _ef dS kdlm df jgkc d j? s , s hg kyduf kd sukt 4suyef l k_ef Cgüdf kF kgj yduf >akl l j? uiv g s s X s s o 4g k;x kg jhdG dS kd eku uhYQlu 4g krkv <je¬ >e kd jhdG dS , s , s q 4x;kt /c s X a Fkl d hlm ikv ]sx;kcn ikv kdltf jkv y [n jdkcn kd thp hH hldf s X s , X s s 4g krn /kc uen ]krjd Cgu rDe uen , s a q 4g hrkt Oc jdkg I‘ofi hjgx e , , s z X X z s k<ki jkeg thp hgo ]g rkcn kd thp ltf eg df g g; /cl go jkv 4g T s s , a a , ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 881 egaP

4h;x kg yH g; hg llb n;k' 4n krc hg; kd _ef u s w s wa s s iv df kxy jkv k;x kel [n e ue kr g je df kgd ue jkc hyNif 4h; , q X s T s s s T x kg hH yH g; hg <jkd d yH hyNif n;k' 4h;x kg yH 4kxs;kt gj [ s w s w s w q X n e ue je Syf d jH hxntf kr Cgu ]skn jkv kdke dS ]kgd u uhYQlu s s s a s , , s `g uiyxki k;D g; 4g krdl , wa [j Cgu end Fkl jkgér e cv ]kn jd ke{ ]kgd jdyduf jgkc u _ef s q T s s 4k;x kg kni d' jGf 4g d hlm df krgd Cgu s , T s hH Bkd cr ]g rkg d hldf ct L\id `hF rjWt k;D hd ugd lb udfy s T s s s s s s s 2g Cgu je ]g d Cgüm Lid ]Lid s;x gj jkv 4g T s s T s s \ s \ , T yef nkc k"o lhc ]g henkv jk;î Lc ]g r¬kn ukji rgc ]kgd u uhYQlu s ˜ T s s \ T s s q q s `ikv g ukd ]kNi u _ef 4k;x dp ]kd uugi kdu T , w s w s s b kxyef Cgu kdke hHd cv 4s;nf n hg ydycf Lid `k;nf jd uiyxki s , s q s \ s T ue g; df kvg e ue d uhYQlu jGf 2ji kLid d _ef lm C;x dIv [ q X s X \ s X a kv hdum ];kv jgkc hg l,t hu®i hdlm ]_ef kjln 4s;x j? d _ef jlwn s s w s s 4kgj u hg ykol kje ]g hg jkgéqr L s T s s id cv ]g krn ;nf kd Cgér Lid ; Syf d knl e 4Sg hg jkgér cv L\i \ wa s s s q s \ s s T q s q s d ; ]g krgd e d¥fc ]g uk;÷ yod u 4g uk;÷ ydycf ]kgd u uhYQlu s wa T , s , q s 4gj uk;÷ gxt hjln udfy ]g krsy uke kr kg rgd er df kgd u _ef s w s wa s s s q s 4g hrdl IG hyId , w s ]g hrgkp kuyduf ikH ]hrn Cgu k[k/ hyId 4g hrdl IG yod kr kg h , s s s , w s s s n [j jdkcn ikH e hyId l,t 4g krkt IG hH hHd go ]kg kcn jrhH 4g X s s , w s , krn Cgu k[k/ hHd ue ]hrn Cgu hHd k[k/ ukct 4g krkt yduf sl ukc s s s s , t hH hHd go ]g krkg kt jrhH 4ku[j uk;÷ ]g hrn Cgu k[k/ hHd ukct , s s , s s 4h;x n k[k/ ukct df kgd u uhYQlu `g dikv L s s s T s s id df hF rjWt k;D hd ukrc g; 4F kr uiv ed l ed hH cr ]sF snx \ s s s s s a o 4krkv ugi Lid hg uiv e kr kF hg; jxv `kje k;df ukeiv k;D g s s s \ s T s s ; 4kxdl kt Cgu Fkl dikv cv e ]jd ke{ ]kgd u _ef jdykduf jgkc wa s T X s `hF rjWt k;D hd ugd rkc hd kLid df Sg rdfp s X \ q hH xky o ]F ;x j? dltf 4kvg ukjg hH _ef 4kvg h[n rgc jGf 2g s s s s s q , q q q T je Lid df l ge h;x yduf rkc g; e <{ dS 2g je Lid kl ]Lid s s s \ s qa X T s s s \ s s \ s;x gj jkv 4g henkv sNπv hg rgc ]g ;kv nkc k"o lhc ]g r¬skn ukji r , T q T s ˜ T s q gc ]g _ef je df kgd jdkt kgo ]F s;x suyef kgt 4s;x j? d _ef jGf q T s s a s a s 4h;x kg kLhi hLc ]h;x kg Ghydr hLc jH s \ \ s \ r¬kj unf lm 2Cgu hg k[n u hldf kd uhYQlu 4h;x ji kLid h;x jtu s s s s X \ hd hldf hH ct 2Cgu kr[n Bkd kd henkv ]g hr[n kd kLid kr k;ufqn s s s , s s X \ s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 981 egaP

;kcn g; ]kulko Bg h;kcn g; 4g <{y d IfyfvlDl L¬il g; 2hH jnkp q T s q s zs k;x kg "Qi kr k;yf Pkv7ugi jnkp u "Qi 2"Qi jkv h_¬ hH jnkp 2g s q s s\ s q q , T srdl kg "Qi jkv h_¬ hH jnkp df g kryp kri l rkc hjkgér cv jkv 4 s q , , s q , kg ke®kv ]kg Cgu hH jhj' er df CF hgj gd er kr hHv ]kgd llm uTe s s q q s s s 2kxLi kujd Rpæf;ki d s \ z s jd lkoim s>e 4g Bkue ]g kuZto hd suN jnkp kd "Qi ]kgd u ho÷kl lm q , , w q s 2C;x kjc? ikv l uN jnkp df kgd ue 2C;x kjc s s w s T ? ho÷kl 4k;x N kd ho÷kl jkv kLm jnkp kjse ]l Gjr hd –el k;kv ukG w s , \ s q w r ]h;kv kog hd kjkt hHr ]CF Cgj ykc Nd ct e krkc go 4kF kgj uql X s s q X X rkc hdlm e 4hF hgj jd rkc hd ke®keji7ke®kv ho÷kl 4g rjd Cgu hg T X T s rkc n;k' eg hdum ]g krkg /cl kjkeg lutf 4krkg Cgu /cl Bkd kjke , s a a s s a a s g lum jldv ]g rjd rkc hd kthp utf eg 2hF hgj jd rkc hd {ke ] s T s X X X s hd ke®keji7ke®kv ho÷kl 4kF kvg kOc ji jkudf7–el Fkl d ho÷kl dS Te q , s q s 4g kry Ldi kd Rpf jkl <"dkv <≈Q kd Xkthp Cgüm7Cgüm ]g , s \ s s Z , krkcn kd kthp utf7utf jkv 2g krkt xy e uen7e®kv ]g krkt xy e s X , , X , X ujd uen kr g krkt su/kl e;l Bkd ct hH tkv jkv 2g kgj ryfpi hg s s , a s , , z uen Fv kd e;l udfsy 4g Cgu uen Fv kd e;l `g Fv k;D kd e;al Z a , Z a , Z 4g krkt kg kni u'lçk , s , s v ]g krkt kg <≈Q Rpf 4xX;kt >ym l hlm ]X;kcn kd thp hH hldf 4g k , s s s s , rkt >ym l hlm ]g krkcn kdltf 4g krjd ekd gjr hlb Rpf refn g; s , s , 2kg hH d hldf ]g hujd Cgu hg rkc ]g hy k[ eld hd L X s , , s id kl3Lid ;x gj jkv g _ef je df kgd 2;x kv uekl Lid hgo jGf \ s s \ s , T s s s s s \ `ikv g ukd ]kNi u _ef hHr jkv T , w s , 4g hujd Cgu hg rkc hd kLid 4hF hujd , X \ Cgu rkc hd kLid 4k;df k;D g; ue df g kgj kg hH [n ]g kgj kg hH i X \ s T , s q , s kRkpæi 4g gj Li Bk[nf hg Lid lm 4g e rykg yxki ydycf go jrhH T s \ s \ s , X q udfy ]g kgj Li Bk[nf dhO l jiM 4g kgj kg uk'ji ]g kgj kjc? go s , \ s , s s , 2g krgj kryp jrhH dum hgo ]krn Bk[nf Cgu jgkc kt 4g rkg dkujr , s s s T s s [ Lc henkv he;l 4Cgu kri kd hldf ]g krkg k;D jrhH d henkv he;al s \ a s , s s 2g kgj kg k;D jrhH d jkpc lb ]g Cgu kri kd hldf 4g kgj , s s s s , s , ykHl kd uiv 4g Lid kr g krjd nc [kv ]g Lid kr g kryk[ [kv 2 a s s T s \ s , a a T s \ s , s a g gj Li Bk[nf Lid hg Lid 2e ue g gj Om Lid hg Lid jrhH 4g kg T s \ s \ s \ X T s s \ s \ , j jd 'soi jrhH jd/kl e;l ydycf kd uiv cv go ]j? d _ef sjlhr z a q s s s 4CF hgj jd ''fkd hd suyduf jgkc thp o ]kF kgj kcn s X s kd kthp utf jkv 2g Cgu hH Nd Lid 2Lid df jrhH kF kgj kcn3u'zsi s X , , q s \ s \ l kF <jkd kd yH ]uen kF <jkd kd yH 4kF kjln <jkd kd ywH udfy w w w s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 091 egaP

kd 2g _i d kvktkj cl ]Sg "Qi 0c urtf ]jdFhr urtf ]jkrov urt s T q s X q q q s s s f e ukr¬qngV 2g _itkj cl <‘Î ]ekj 6g _itkj 0c 2g Cgu _i kd hen X T q T q q , q kv chjx hH dS 4g _i d kvktkj jdFhr lhckp d kut ]kpkl uikv hHd T q s X , s X , s s 2g u/ Lnike hH kd xk;® 2 , a hH kd xk;® g u/ Lnike 2tkjkge ji;t 3g Lnike `g k;D Lnike `kx; , a q , a , a s kt kg kIkN hlk;ül kr sx;qN Cgu ji tkjkge ji;t jxv jkv k;x kg kLc s s a s X , q , s \ hlk;ül go kr d lk;ül hldf g rwN ji jxv tkjkge ji;t `g krkg 0lf a s s a T s , q , s a kgd llb ]kukg kLc kd ke®kge 4sxkg Lc tkjkge ji;t jGf ]kgd ue kr s s \ X s \ q s T s 4g srN j T w , s i dum tkjkge ji;t n[ 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd uykr elb ]kgd ukgüm q q , s s , X s X `g Lc ke®kge df k;x xy kri gér lltf ]g IG kl7uk T s \ X q s , q , d `uer ld kykr `g k;D Iejte `kyp ld kri kd ukg Lc d ke®kge s q s , , , X s s , s s s \ s `g Lc ke®kge df k;kxy kri jdykr ji tkjr ldf uer ]kgd lum uTe T s \ , w s q s s 4sxkg '[ Lc kr sxyef hH ikv ]g jgO ke®kge X q s \ s X T s Lc rgc dS ]xy ugd l>e jkv ;kv _ef dS 4kF kvg kjgO e ji;t Te s \ q s s s q , s q X q 2g hxk;® kLc henkv g; , \ ]sxgd eg 2g rsy >el e;l eg kd uen hlb jkv 4kvg uen g; ]kvg X T s a s , q q u e;l g; udfy 4hx;kv Cgu hH e ukpgi Ldv hjln 4g hrkt kv e uk a s s X \ w , X pgi Ldv hygi 4g el rgc Ldv hjln ]hF yF¬ rgc Ldv hygi dfk;D \ , w q \ w w q \ X 4g dkujr[ knk;† Ldv hjln l Ldv hygi jkv 2hn jke rky ji k;iQ , \ w s \ , X k[ky sue df g gj yp jdLdv jGf l cr ]hn jke rky jGf 4g s;iQ k[k X T T s \ s T X y lki je df xkg gj ryp jdLdv hH cr ]xkg gj e lki s;iQ k[ky c s s s X s s \ s X s X X t 4Cgu k;kv e;l ]g k;x k;df e;l 4kvg Cgu xk;® ]g k;x k;df uen 2 a , a q , g e;kd gxt huiv o 2g Cgu IN s;iQ udfy ]g hjke rky ji k;iQ k[ky T s T s w s , X X `g gj jd k;D kNhi dr cv s;iQ k[ky o 4hF h;x kg e®[ rkc ]hF T s X X s s h;x xy 4hF u rjWt hd u[j nk; dr k"o lhri kF;üv 4hxkg h;ki Cgu s ˜ T s xy l dhO rky jGf ]kgd sue 4s;x kg Z"o lhri7lhr Bkd ]xy ugd o ` s T s T s s s s g cd hjke rky df kNi lum ue 4g hn jke rky ji k;iQ k[ky ue df , w s s T , X X s T s s F rgd e unf jkc uhr7kn ek'7gcl go 4kF kvg kjgO e lki d /kl dS X s q q T s q 4kxn jd W' kuLdi Xe s q \ X kiW s;u7;u go ]g k;kcn kt jkv 4hxs;kt kg lul'kd rgc ]krxtl rqgc s , s , s s a q rfi dlm ]g k;kcn ltf kr g k;x k;kcn e Rpf jxv ]Cgu udfy 4g hÈ z s , s s , X s , ef hH jhj' dfk;D ]Cgu rkc Bkd hd ukjc? kr s;kt N kd "Qi hH jhj' X s s s w s q nf; cr ]g Cgu jhj' ke®kv df k;x yp kri g; gér jxv ]kgd llm uTe , X q s s `kg h;x kjc? k;D l jnkp 2k;x uc dhri hH s X s z jnkp df g k;x k;kcn l jkt surb g; 4g ue kvg k;kcn g; ]Rpf kvg k , s s , q q
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044 fo 191 egaP

4rky Ikd k;Lfdy jGf s a \ gcl 4F rn Ikc kdlm ]kF krpc kt >kl 4F ry k[ l hlm ]kF krpc k q s s s a s s a s s s s s t ]F rn psc F rky Ikd k;Lfdy l yxt kukn o jkv hF h_i hdlm 4kF s s s s s a \ s a X s s , u hH Nd lki dlm udfy ]kF krxke Cgu [hH 4e kFv dS kF hjk[Hf q s s a X ˜ 4k;kyG Fkg uekl d hldf hHd u ]kxke ukn l hldf u ]hHd udfy ]kF , s s a s s chjx rgc 4kF kxe[Hf ]kF henkv chjx 4e okx kF jhdG dS ]g kuql uTe q a X a , s 2g u/ go df g kgj xy lm hH nkc d xk;® 4kx , , s s k;® Syflb kF u/ jkv 4kF u/ Syf dlm u/ hHv 4k;x kg Cgu kjpd S , s s yf dlm hHv u/ kr k;df xk;® kd u/ ue df g krgd henkv Bkd udfy s s s T , s s 4g krkg kusn , s hg jd xk;® kd jpd ]krkt k;df Cgu xk;® kd jpd dfk;D 4k;nf jd xk s s X ;® kd jpd jGf tkv df rjd Cgu jc[ e okx jdkt udfy ]g rkv dG s s X a s T s X kjpd jgkc d j? suiv tkj ikv 4g krkg Cgu cyre Bkd kd uLkN slm s s , s s s s\ ]k;x kg F;ø kt dfk;D 4kxgd Cgu hHd hH klß ]kLkN kd u/ go jGf k s Z s X s s\ s s r s;kt kg F;ø u/ e hxntf hd hldf jxv 4g krdl kt kync kd jgkc sl s Z X a , s Gjr hd jrhH ]kg 4rdl ync Cgu kd jrhH l Gjr hd jgkc eg udfy a s s s s 4kg jgkc hgo ]kg jrhH kt 4Sgfkp Bkdb dS hxntf3LIxhIb s s s a s zs a ]hØdb hxntf 4Sgfkp Cgu klß ]kg kIym Nd jgkc ]kg kIym Nd jrhH 4S a s q s q gfkp Cgu sLdI7LdI elm 4Sgfkp hukg L[v jkv ]h/hl ]Gkl hxntf 4g Xe \ q s \ q X s a , a wa /kjof e d kthp hIym um 4g hryp thp hIym l eku d {ke ]sl eku s T s X T X s s s sd xk;® ]l eku d e;l e hxnatf Bg h>ym lb 4g Bg h>ym rgc hxntf s s a X q , q q a 4g Lhx hH go ]g Hky hH Hky kd {ke ud , z , s s s fsy 4kx;kt kg htkj kd suLkN Hky go kr k;x kg kni jxv Hky kd {ke s s s s\ s s s , s s dfk;D 4kxs;kt kg jk;r kd suLkN Hky kjkpc kr kxkg hHky Bkd jkv 2g g X s , s s\ s s s s s s , T s j sn ygi Hsky kd suki {ke jkv 2kxLi kuLkN Hky ygi kr g kuki {ke j s s , s \ s\ s s s , s xv ]g rgd s; 4g hgd rkc rHnv hLc sukgüb df kgd ue 4kykc Nhi du T s , q \ X s T s s s m e 4kxLi kuLkN Hky kr kg kuki {ke jxv df kgd u hlk;ül lm 4kyskc T s \ s\ s s s s s a e jGf 4kvg uk;“k;ø kd hlk;ül dS ]Sg "o kn Bkd ]kF e nkcknegv Te T q a q Z s s X 4Bg k;∂fi hjln hg hd Hky g; ]Bg rfF¬f hjln hg hd q z w s q w u/ g; 4Syf d {ke ]kvg IeI¬oüb hg kd u/ g; 4kvg iW kjln hg kd s s q X s q w u/ g; ]kvg u xk;® g; kr cr 2g kryp kri kd xk;® llm kLkN kurd q s , s s\ f 4g kryp l suLkN u/ hH kri kd hxk;® dfk;D 4kx;kv Bkd jdLkN u/ , s s\ X s s s\ ct ]hHr sxXykr eg 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd lki jkeg kd uykr kdum udfy ] , , s s s , s s g Sg jdFhr hH Ic d chjx 4g Cgu hjWt kukg jhev Syf d ukg jdFhr T q s s s , s s s s `g hjWt kukg jhev hH , s Syf d sukg jdFhr k;D `g k;D rkc 2kdl kg Cgu jdFhr kIc kd chjx B s s , s s
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044 fo 291 egaP

g ue kd uykc O> kt go ]Gky[f hg uiv `g hrkt h;k[ Gky[f dldf , s s w s s , s eld 2sxXykc Cgu Ow> df hF h;k[ eld su Pc lm `kxy k;D go ]krdl k s s w\ s X s g Cgu kIym ltf 4g kry eld go ]g krdl kg kIym ltf 4g Cgu rjWt s , s , s s , Bkd hd eld 4kxs;k[ Cgu eld hHd kyko [kv ]g krld k[ eld k/v s a , a 4kxydu wa f Cgu l ykohn ]kxwayduf l tkojn e df g krk[ eld df g krdl k[ e s s s T wa , ld hH g; henkv k/v udfsy 4g krLi Bk[nf klt uyduf ktkojn dfXk;D a , \ , s s X xyduf l tkojn eg df rsy Cgu e;uf g; hHd ikv 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd s s s , s hd suy e;uf kF;üv 6g krgj nwtke k'eg kIym jrhH dlm ]ku[j uk;÷ s , , s s ]g kryp jdy e;uf henkv hH kt jkv 4g ryp jdy e;uf henkv he;al , s s , T s s 2kF k[j y e;uf s kd uykc ;®l ]F henkv he;l 4sxykc Cgu O> hHd df hF hy eld u sPc s s s a X s w s w\ `;x dQ ld ]g gj jd k;D ikv df kNi u rjkv hPw\c lm s s , T s w s , 4kF kgj dP hÈef ct ]h;x kv k;Pfc 4k;nf dP l hÈef jd a \q a s ykL e ∏x kd k;G√'v ulm l hn¥t 2;kt kg u ykLkokL ue kd k;P\fc d X s s X s s s s s a q f kpkl ulm 4g k;x kg ykLkokL ue kje df krkg Cgu htkj kd suuke g; s s , s s a s s s Bkd udfy 4krkv u hH yk;[ lm kd k;Pfc kF;üv 2kF k;x kg n[ ue s s s \q s q kdlm ykLkokL ];kt kg u ykLkokL ue kd k;Pfc Cgd df kpkl u Pw\c lm s a s s s a \q s s s 4g kgj kg jrh , s H dlm kt ]g krikF ji jln go ]g krjd IDtki ji kjln go ]g kgj skg s s , s s w , s sz X w , kt jrhH d n[ d henkv he;l `g kr[j k;D ∂Gf cl g; henkv he;al s s q s a , X 4sxkvkt ;kLl gjr ldf ]sxkvkt ;kyt gjr ldf df g kr[j ∂Gf s s \ s s , cl go hdlb 2kxkg k;D7k;D e dju jkv kxLi kukt dju kd ldf7ldf d s X , s \ s f g kr[j cklgf kdlb henkv he;l 2g kr[j ∂Gf hdlb ]g kgj jd k;D , a , , ukd e lkLi7lki 4kjkpc Cgu krkl jH ekj henkv he;l 2g kgj kg ykLko , X s \ s s a , s s a a kL kgd ue kdldf df ]g hrkg ∂Gf hLc hd kjln kd he;l 2k;kv yk;[ , s \ X w s a kd Pc g; ];kt kg u ykLkokL ji u/ ue kd k;Pfc 4;kt kg u ykLkokL s s w\ s s s a \q s s s a ue kdlm Cgd ]g hgj kv Nhi kt k;Pfc hje df k;kv yk;[ kd Pc slm 4 , s s \q s s s w\ T s g rkv rgc yk;[ d gjr lb kd k;efnkv he;l 4k;kv yk;[ kd Pw\c lm q s s X a s s 2g jrhH d hyF Nd ]g jgkc k;G√'v Nd 4g hLi hyF dS hd k;G T s , q T a q , \ , X √'v jkudf d hLLxi hg lki jkv 4d sLk? g „pf d ji ]g k;x xkv jko s s a , s s\ T s , , s lL? df k[n ji r¬kj d hLLxi u Pc 4Sg Syf hjske hd hLdy hF k;P\fc q\ s s s a s s w\ q \ q s Nhi ]kF kPc sxkv 4F rIky jdIkd k;Lfdy l yxt 4uIkd k;Lfdy ;x w\ s s , a \ s a s a \ s yxat kukn kr kyduf tjl unf XoON 4kukn F Pc 4gj hg [H unf pki kr X s s w X s s s w\ s s w a s sdl kt u suIkd k;Lfdy o dr unf pki jkv 4kjxf huki elke7c jkc dS a \ s a , , s
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044 fo 391 egaP

k;÷ jiM d /k∂ jkv y jd /c kjk} ]X;kt yp e ukd dS kr y Ldi / s s , X a s T s s s s \ k∂ ct jkv 4s;>fel kd /k∂ ]s;ufkt kd /k∂ 6re s;Lfy l /k∂ kr ]Syf s , s s s s \ s s s s d <jgknm ]g /k∂ jxv 4;ufkpgi lm ]s;ufkt lm ]s;bkt xy re uLy sl , s s s s s \ lm ]g kjc hH kt e hxntV 4s;>fel ]re ;bkjxf3g krgd k;D e jGf kr , q s X s wa T s 2sxX;kt II Ri pπd jGf kr xX;kjxf `l,d hx w s s s s s jxf ; ]Cgu sx;kjxf güm eg dr ct ]sxgd ikv `hx;kt ld L> o udfy X s X X X X s , \ s s 4g , hrkt kg rjfrkiW hxntV jkv g hrkt L> ]g hrkt kg uhgFv ]g hrkt jxf s a , T \ T s Z T X thp Nd l hxntV 4g krkv gjr hd Ri [l kt ]g e {i d e;l lm Te q s , s s w s wa X s a 4g rsn [n ]g rn Ghydr ]g rn I‘d sNhi ok? jkv 4g rkt IN ok? T s q T s s T s s , T s w s dlm ]g krLkr Ri pπd cl go ]g krjd kI‘p ]g krnky ]g krikF kd e , s\ s s , s , , s s ;l henkv kt jkv 4g Cgu rII Ri pπd ]g krLi kuLkr kd kRi pπd d a s , T s w s s , \ s\ s X s fk;D g rkt LkN ok? Nhi Ri pπd 4g krkt IN ok? Nhi jkv g rkt id X T s s\ s s s , w s , T s a <ki hH d Ri spπd 4g kryp kri hH kd {o kr XLkr kd Ri pπd udfy z s s , s 1 s s\ s s s s 4g krkt jxf ikpip jdII 4k;x II kRi k[l df g hrkv jc[ , q w w w , kd kvkog u ]g kryp kri kd Ri [l u ]g kryp kri kd {o kr u 4g s X , s s s w , s 1 s , krkt jxf sphu l {o kRi k[l l,t ]h;x kg e®[ rkc 4g hrkt gj rjWt s 1 w s s , hd ukyG e k;ufn jc[ hd xk;® dlb u 4g hrkt gj rjWt hd uxkH sl s , T q s , s lb u jkv suLkN lb u 4hrkt gj Cgu rjWt hH hd udkP l hÈef kd hÈe , s\ s s a s s f lb jGf kr g hÈef kukl df k;x Li Bk[nf g; jxv 4g krkg rjfrkiW s , s \ , s a sl ;®l uoht l kFv utf e kFv um ]g he;l hH k;Pfc ]hH h_¬ go 4Sgf s ˜ X ˜ , a \q kp kugj uk/okl l e;l ltf ]kd gjr lm g he;l kPc 4g he;l kukn ; s a , a w\ , a X s s 2g kgj ykL hÈef henkv g; ji hÈef df , Xe eu sxkg rlg r“jn ; 4g hgj kg kne◊' e jd[n rykL hÈef ji hÈef X s a s wa s T s s gér tkv jkv 4;x kg rDe er df hF hrpkl e ]dr tkv hgj e [k/ e X q , s s q q s T X s s T jkv 2g krLi eyke dG gér e hÈef jkv sukl `kLi Bk[nf ld gér g; ] , , \ w Z X q X , s \ s , X q hF hd sukl k;G√'v `CLi Bk[nf ld k;G√'v gér ]F rkt r¬kj uiv eqr s a \ s , a X q s s s `hLi ld Bk[nf k;G√'v gér 4g krLi Bk[nf u/ hHv gér udfy ]k;x \ s , a X q , \ X q s kg kjkdIqN l u/ kjkgér df hF hr>el e 2ukoxH g ]kgd u k;Pfqc lm s s q T s s \ `kg k;D hrlg kxy suNi kPc go 2rul hlg go ]srkg kgo s X a w w\ s q a s a hH ikv ]'kd 6htwax hlg hdlm e yxt lm 4hxy ulg jdkg hL[ hPc go a X a s a s \ w\ 2s;kt kg u ykLkokL ue kjr Cgd df g kgj kcn s s a s wa jdykL e s∏x kdum 4hd sukl CF hLi k;G√'v kg; 4kxsLi kugd >e kr skg X s s \ a a \ s q s hrNi er udfy 4g kNπv kr kNi re ]g kgj jd k;D df kgd u Pw\c lm w q s , s s w wa s s 4k;x kg hjWt kukrc pl s 4h;x kg hL[ hjcte kr kg gj jd k;D df kNi u k;Pfc 4Gky[f sdlm ] s \ w s s s w s \q
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044 fo 491 egaP

`kd tjl sjkgéqr w g kL\xcf k;D ue 4g hrkt kg Wq' Lkn jGf 4g jtfkg uekl d jk} sje jG , s T , s ,\ , s s s f gcl go df krki kg Cgu hH kji ekJof jH rkj 4g krLkN kNhi go gj q s w , s\ r hldf 4g rkt II ji7Fkg ]g krkt dF e dr >kl 4g krn jd W' kuL T s w , wa T a , s q s\n[ s>e jkv g krOm l gcl 4g kLi l gjr hjc Nhi je tjl kjkgéqr sl q , , s q , \ s q s s s w k"o kLkjd 4g kjc? rgc e `g k;kv jdkg uk'ji rgc ]kgd u j/av lm ˜ X s\ wa q T wa s s q s s s `g , k;x kg k;D tkv ]Cgu k;kv r hHd `g k;x kg k;D >r `g k;D kvg ]kNwi s w , s s q , q s u ukoxH 4sxy sugc lkv j>7j> l k[kv hdlm 4kxy udIi jlf ji ji w a s X a s , d ukoxH jkv Syf Ldi ji jdkt d ukoxH u j/v jkc dS ]g kuql uTe s , \ , s s s s a , s 4kxWd hji rkc huiv e jkv ]kuI? hl7hIkN dS a w T , s 4g ydæfe hH , q kutk[ Cgd kdlm 4g krkt kg uhyof go ]g jkd/av kt hg ryt k;hn kd s , s , s s ukK jkv 4g krdl kt k;kyt k;hn kd ukK 4g rdl kt ;kyt s;hn udfy , , T s s s 4krdl kt k;kIg Cgu hH kd k<? 4krdl kt k;kIg Cgu hH kd /k∂ 4krdl kt k s 1 s s ;kIg Cgu hH kd klgV 4krdl kt k;kIg Cgu kj/av 4kx;kt jkg hg kyko uL s s s s \ y 4kxjkg Cgu kj/v hH kr ]l j/v L\y hræqd ];kv y jkoyr ]kd sj/v sn s s a s s s s a s s s X s s a dD/ ];kt xy e sujd jn kd j/v jkv ;kyt u k;hn henkv Bkd udfy s s X w s s s a , s s s 4kx;kt kyp kj s s a /v `kxdl dIf kgd kj/v hg ryt k;hn dfk;D 4;kt kg uhyof kjs/v hg s a s a s X s s a s ryt k;hn ];kyt k;hn dS eg e rkj hj/v lb lt ]g hg klo dhO g; X X s a s , , , 4g ei , zs go ]g krkt gj "s' kt kr g krkt kg okHv kd k<? ct 4g okHv kd k< , s s , s 1 , 1 zs ? ei 4sx;kv y kd ei jdkcn kd k<? ikv df g Cgu kIym kd k<1? ezsi X s s zs s 1 , 4g , llçS ]g okHv kd klgV klgVv 4klgVv g Cgu hIym hd klgV ]gj uk;÷ g; X , , s 4g rfk' eku kdlm ]g , a , krkt gj "s' kt ji ukt syp d /k∂ 4hrkg Cgu /çyim rfk' l ukcn /k∂ s s s s s a s s s 4g rfk' go ]kx;kt g , a s j kt Nhi jGf 4kxs;kt jxf gjr hd Ri [l /k∂ df e uoht hxs;kv hL\? s s s s w s X dS jkv 4kx;kt kg I‘uof /k∂ ]xXxkt rfi d /k∂ urtf ikv j,kv 4kx;kt , s s s s z s s s s kg uhyof hg kurm ]sx>el ikv kd /k∂ kurtf 4xX;kt gj ukjg ikv jkv s X s s s , , 4[n sl X s b ]g hgj yt xkv hd /k∂ kgd7kgd e Rpf `g kgj kj? kd <ki kgd7akg , s a a X , s s z a d `/k∂ g k;D ]ukpgi `/k∂ g kgd ][n kd /k∂ 4Ib ukv IILfse3jd u s , X s , a X s s s s X
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044 fo 591 egaP

4g e /kjof e d e;l lb 4kxkg u wa X s T s a s 'îlLf dS e;l g; ]hxkg Lkv hd [k/ e;l g; 4hxgj hjkt kulko jrhH s a s \ s s a s udfy 6g krdl /kl ]y /kl ;p‰c henkv hH Bkd 4hxgj hjkt klgV jr s , s Z z s s hH udfsy ]g krdl /kl kr ]sy /kl klgVv henkv dlgV Bkd jxv Syflb , s s 4g okHv Glf okHv kdlm 4g Cgu kIym ]g Cgu rhjiof okHv kdlm , Z , , 4g ;®l hgo ]g O‘J kt Xe uoht , , s s 4g Cgu kj/v hg ryt d 'kdi 4g kukyt kd 'kdi ]g Cgu kuLy sl js/v , s a s s z , s z , \ s a 4g rykg hjc kukn3yxki gkp ]s;bkt kg hL[ki jkv 4g kr T X q X s s s a , wa gd chdjr hd ukg hL[ki k; g krgd chdjr hd ukg yxki lm e 4krgd s s a wa s s s T Cgu he;l kdlm e 4g rgd he;l kdlm ]g krLy k/hl kt l j/v lm a s T T s a s , \ s s s s a 4g <ijkd/v cl go ]g kjc hH kt e uoht 4kg Hky gkp ]kg ekd gkp ] , Z w a , q s X s s s s s s kg /k∂ go gkp 4g kruke kj/v e lm ]g kjc hH kt e uoht hg slS dhO s s wa s a T s , q s X s 4kxsLi kujd \ Nd Fkl d 'kdi kr g kuky kj/v jxv 4krdl kt k;df Cgu hH Nd k/ q s z s , s a q hl Fkl d j/v 4g krdl kt k;df Cgu jwn kd j/v 4g kj/v go ]g krkt s s s a , s s s a , s a , gj "' kt kr krkg Cgu o®r¬fv kd 'kdi ct jkv 4kd 'kdi g o®r¬fv s s s s z , z , 4g Cgu o®r¬fv hH Bkd kuiv kd j/v 4g kukg7u kd 'kdi ]g hxntke7 , s s s a , s z , w , jx hd 'kdi ]g llçS ]g okHv kj/v 4g rdl dIi Cgu jiM d ;hn jd , z , X , s a T s s s ky kj/v jH hjkc ikv udfsy 4kxs;kt >c ujkG k;hn 4g rdl dIi jdky s a s q , T s jiM d s;hn dS kj/v jH hjkc dS eg kr kg kIym kd tjl jxv kjs/v s s a s s s w a 4Sgfkp kusy >el kd dG d Iym jkv okHv s Z s s , 4g okHv kd tjl kj/v 4g Cgu kIym kd tjl kj/av dfk;D 4xdl Cgu , w s a , w s X s X ky hH hHd go 2d tjl dr cv dl ky Cgu uekl kd j/v go 2g kcn k s w s s s s s a , yeke e ybkG hd ukoxH go 4;x rhc "o kcjv g rgd ]Sg kd rkc lb X s Z X T s q s 4s;kt kg u s hryx Bkd l dp7yH hHd dfkr ]y ukpgi l dhO skd yD' hdlm jkv y s s w w wa s , wa xke hH ke{ e ]n kyc ikv `g kgd 4g Cgu hg ykol kd kr_' kr ,g Cg a T X q , a , q s u hg kr_ef hje 4krdl kt k;kuc Cgu _' kd hldf kr ;kuc _ef kucf 4 s q s s s g krgj hjWt kukuc _ef kr hH ygi d sukuc _' dfk;D `g Cgu hH kruk , s s s q X wa t e ltf ]lm kxMkrl k;D e `kj/v g kgd 2kvg Cgu hH Nd ]jkd¬eu T s s a X T s a , a q q Bkd ]kvg Cgu hH kuyef hHd ji r¬kj ]Bg Cgu hH Ls\HOe dr cv kr hjse s q s q q s `kgd g kj/v 2Bg Cgu hH rkdkye dr cv kr hje 2kj/v ]kgd u tjwl a , s a q q s s s a s `kjr g kLkxcf k;D ulb `g kLi k;D Nhi d js/v r df kgd s , \ s , \ X s s s a w jkv k;kyc kd tjl su ukoxH 4g kry jd rkc jdkyc kd tjl e 2dr c , q s w wa s q s w T v Cgu k;D kgd uer udfy ]g hgj kg hrnk;† hLc kr g; ]kgd u ukoxH X s q s , s \ s s
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044 fo 691 egaP

L Bkv ]he jkG GuS tb iI¬ uo Ag rhx go 4F srkox ]F rkx slm tkj w s , s a s s s X e eJkv dum go 4g rqHnv rgc rhx go 4F rjd nli rhx dS hth/kx s , q s s a a 4g rkt kg ji jdkOm end dS7dS hH T s s s w r¬kj cy l cy dfk;D 4g kcy rgc kr¬kj df kujd re ∂Gf hdlb jkv s s a s s a X , a q , 4g ;¥e kd en , w d dS s;x s;kOm kjk} suiv kurtf ]g Cgu ;¥e kurm kd k_¬k' jktg7jktg , w X 4kukOm end /kdS ]kujd xk;i kLkF kd doof suiv kr kg hrL\i eyke dhO hH rkc Bkd el s z s\ s s s w s X m jxv 4g kgd Syf d suyp go ]Cgu Syf d uul go ]g kgd ue kt kr , s s s q , s T s s 4x s yp ikv ct ]hxsyef cr kr rfk' jkv ;®l 4g rdl yef nç' ZGlf ]krdl X s a , T s yef Cgu ;®l l uul rkc 4g krdl kg utjkue ZGlf ]hrdl yef Cgu r s s q , s a s fk' l uul rkc 4hyef rfk' hLc jkv hul rkc hdikv ueg df g r[yf a s s q a \ , q s T s s q s , >e o 4g krkt kg kni eH g; skd kxky Nd 4g k;x pgi Cgd go df sjd s , z X s q , qa kni eH g; e ue d henkv hldf hH rkc Bkd hje df jd u ukoxH g; , z X s s s s 4g dk , ujr[ rgc eH g; 4kul ueg kt ];x pgi kgo jdul lm eg df g krx q z q s s s qa a q s , y klS jkc Bd 4g krkt kg eH kd k_k; jkc Bd jdul rkc hd jln jkv s , s z q s w , 4krdl ki Cgu hH Nd gxt q hd jln hldf ;‘que Bkd `g krdl ki ld kd ;®l gxt hdikv kr 4g kr s w s wa s , s s wa dl je gxt hdikv u ]g krdl ht gxt hdikv u ]g krdl yp gxt hd wa wa ikv u ]g krdl jd ei Syf dikv u ]g krdl y lkoæ Syf dikv e u wa zs s wa s s T 4g krdl jd Cgu k_k; Syf d hldf kjln Bkd , s w s 4g hrLi hujd n[ k_k; 4g gj dIH e eH o kr , \ q T s X z s s ]g hrkt kg k_k; hg l uul df g rpkl g; xky Nd udfy 4g hrkg Cgu , s s s q T s s s q s , s k_k; hd hldf hHd l suul udfsy 4g kul kd jhokge ]g kul kd 0c ueg s q , q s , q s q s 4hrkg h;x kg hd hHd k_ s s k; hdcl e k;ufn kr cr ]g uklkv hLc cr ]dl kg k_k; hdikv jduql X q s , \ s s rkc hje jxv 4g hrdl kg hg kr sxjd ikv k_k; g; ]rkc erfav Syflb X s , s s X 4hrkg Cgu k_k; hd hldf l krkc hd hldf 4hxs;kt kg Cgu k_k; hdikv sl s s X s krkc hje udfsy 4g hgd rkc hl7hLkF s; ji k_k; hd ;®l e kunf uhr ub X s T X s\ X X 4g krkt pgi e jnfe d ;®l go ]g krkt xkt e H' kt , qa X a s , X q s 4g jnfe T a d ;®l kgt ]g krn kpgi kgo jkv g krjd rjfrkiW kd o®rDf;ø <jxkt s a , s qa a , , a s klo ]ukK klo 4g rkyt kd rfk;† ]Cgu rkIg kd j/av eg eltf 4g rkxt , , T s s s s s s s X T s kd H' ]kd ;®l ]Cgu rkcn kd Bkjc eg eltf ]g e {i d e;l lm Te s q s s s q X wa X s a
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044 fo 791 egaP

4g uOfd kugd sl , b ]sxkg j/e urdf o kr ;kt pgi kgo eg ]'kd ]g rLi eyke j/e e X q s s s X qa a T s \ w q X s q uul tkv kt 4g rdl uc ;®l d uoht yd hgo ]g rLi eyke ykt d s , s s T s \ w s X knç' Glf tkv kt 4g rdl Li Bk[nf l suyp udfy 4g rLi Cgu Bk[nf Z s T s \ s s T s \ tkv kt ]hx;kt pgi ji k;æn d jn um hxntf jkv X;kOm ji kl7kIkN dS s s qa X 1 s w a , , s 4g krId l uyp jkd/v udfy 4kx;kt Id hH jkd/ , s s a s s v kd yhe jktg ]k;D yhe ln jGf lc kr ]u g hryp xkv knl hu'kj 4h a s , s s x;kt hyp hu'kj xkv IhG uhr jGf ]kuy jd jki IhG uhr jGf 4kuy jd s s s s s jki IhG uhr jGf 4hxs;kt hyp hu'kj xkv IhG uhr dr cr ]y jd jki s s s IhG uhr `Fkl dS g ldf kujd jki yhe ln ]yxki jv ]kgd u Pw\c lm , s s s s `kx Wd jki ld yhe ln l hu'kj lb 4lki je g hu'kj hd IhG uhr7kn jkv a s , s s s s , s s , g jkd/v kcy yhe ln `Wd k;D kr Mkt u Oc ]kgd u dLy ukot lm , a a a s a , s s \ `kg ;x k;D Oc er ]Ic df kNi u Pc lm 2g Sg Syf s s X , q s s w s s w\ , q yhnd e Fkg kl7kIkN hH go ]g kgj kv kyp krxkH kPc dS hg Nhi dlm a X s , w\ s s `kxWd jki yhe l a n ld `kxpgi ld ]g hrLi hu'kj ji end dS ]g uIyky hl7hurb ]g s , wa qa s , , \ s , s , kj/v ikuv kurb ]g ytGf kukt kje ]kgd ulm 2k;x Oc go `kxkg r'fk s a , w s s , s dzi ld kr¬kj kcy kurb `kxkg jn ld 2l uIyky hl7hIkN hurb g krdl s , a s w s , s s s , kg Cgu jn hHd jkd/v 2k;nf xkH l uIyky hyko udG 'kdi IhG uhr s w a s s s X z lb kd jkd/v d yhe ln lb 4kcy yhe ln g jkd/v kLc kurb df k; s a s a , a \ kxy r<fx ulm 4g rkg y'd Lc e r<fx xsky Nd3k;kxy r<fx ulm ]k s T s s q s \ X q s pkl ulm 4kF krLi 'kdi e j? d IhG uhr7kn lltf ]hF uIyky hIkN l s s \ z X s s s s s s s ki dlm jkv hF hj/v rkj ]kF jn Lkgi udfy ]hF hujd k_k; hd Lkgi s , s a w \ s \ s lm 4Sg Syf uIyky hl7hIkN dS ]kF kvg kOc do; dS jgkc d oakx dS q s s q , q s 4g h , rkt kg hji k_k; hd yhe kjktg jdyef end dS7dS udfy 4e jkc dS s w X s X g krkt kyp hg end dS 4krdl yp Cgu Fkl dS end kn go ]kg hH he , s s nkv kLc l kLc Bkd kd k;ufqn 4hH kIkN l IkN jkv g kryp end hg d \ s \ s s s s s , , S hH henkv kLc l Lc 4g jckjc cl eg e yeke lb 4henkv kIkN sl Ik \ s s \ T X s s s s N jkv henkv kLc l Lc3g krdl yp Bkd hg end dS `g k[n ryp F , \ s s \ , s , s s kl dS kd hldf hHd end kn 4krdl yp Cgu hH Bkd Fkl dS kr knk;† s s s s l end dS 4g krkt pgi ji ;æn d jn go ]g kryp end dS kt udfy s , qa 1 s w , s s 4g rîk;i end hg dS , Z Syf je ]krjd Cgu kuekd hd ;æn d jn e3uhl II¬Lf hn jkG xky Iku s s 1 s w T X a
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 891 egaP

df g rjd eJ xky d/fv kr ji jk} nc udfy 4rjd Cgu ''fkd hd u T s s s a s s s s LkG jlf eg l jkohn dfk;D ]kF kNπv kr hr[nf hH jkohn 4g nac ]g Cgu s\ s X s , , jk} 2g jk} df g hH kr[nf ]g jk} df g krxy 3gj krjd kØdb kd u/ , , , , s s df g Cgu kr yxki Bkd kF;üv ]kx;kt y jgkc d xkv hd uoht df g , s s s s s , krLi ewyke hH u/ 4g nc o udfy ]g jk} df g rLi h;k[nf jk} cl "' \ T a s s T T s \ s 4g krdl kt hg l jk} hlm go ]kx;kt jgk , s s c d xkv hd uoht hHd hH kt jkv 4g s;x l jk} hlm o ]g jgkc sd xkv s s , T s s T hd uoht hH kt 4kxkg u ]g u jkv kF hHd jk} ky[ Bkd u rDjfrfv d s s , , q s s uk;÷ df [j uk;÷ hH g; jkv 4X;kt u dwp kd thp hl7hIkN Bkd lki d X , s s s s jk} sy[ lm dfk;D ]g krgkp kujd Wq' Syflb e rkc huiv l hukgd lb q X wa T s 4g udIH rauv jkv g jk} nac jGf 2g krkt dp henkv jkv g krkt , , T , w , , kg Nd jkv g kry Ikd kLhd e ji ]g hrkv Om hyt[ ji jlf go udfy s q , , s \ X , , q s 4g krd , l kt y jgkc l xkv hd uoht kt ]g jk} ky[ kydv go 4g 9uk;÷8 eku s s s , q s , kd jk} lm jkv kd uyduf jgkc e uoH sxy xkv d uoht g jk} hg dS , s X s , 4rkt sy Cgu jgkc d uoht o ]g jk} nc o3g jk} '; jkv s s s T a s T , u/ 2g kgj yp l kjrkeüt eüt klsS 2g rkt gj ji jk} nc jGf jkv g , s X a T s a , T s rkt dp hg rkg ywH hl7hIkN lki d jk} y[ 2Cgu ukeuv Bkd kdltf w s s s s s q q s ]g rjd eJ kurb cl eg lki d jk} nac 4g nc jk} cl jkv g ky[ jk} T s s T a , , q hg dS 4g xkv ]g jkd/v e yge d uoht ji 4g hrI? kuI? hlS tkj , , a X s s w , s s hH e yge d uoht 4g Cgu _ke7kuI? hI? hg e ygetkj hldf g; udfy X s , X s `kF krdl kt kyduf jgkc hg d eJ kucf df l kgt3hd yH ji jk} sy[ jkv k;df eJ ji jk} nc d s s a w q , a f kF kxkHv kld `kxkg k;D e ue kr kd henkv lm kg gj [n ikv jxv , s X s s X s s 2kxy udIH ji kjk} nc s X a go jGf jkv k;x yduf xkv l jk} lm jkv kxy ukyt[ go 2h;x kv hy , s s , s q t[ ji jlf dlm ji jk} lm df ;≈kHn udfy 4kF ky[ kt ]kpgi Iduf q s Z q s q s qa d jk} lm go Arrv 4k;x kyp krLi e Idl uoht jkv h;x hyp hrPc s a \ X a , \ xkv 4F nc jk} udfy ]k;df eJ ulm ji jk} nc jg 4k;x Pc xkv go j s a s s a \ s , kv hd uhctk[ jdkyG Fkg ulm lki d kjk} nc 4kF ky[ jk} dS Glf s , s s X a q Z ]F nc jk} hHl udfsy 4kxy utk[ Zxke kd uyduf jgkc jdykII jk} go s a s s s s 4kF e ygetkj henkv k/v dS 4;x yduf jgkc xky yko [kv 4h;x xy X a s s s a xkv e ygetkj lm rkj h/kv 4kF ygetkj kLc rgc dS df g kuql uTe X \ q , s 4jd jkdho¬ e X k<i je 4g krjd <kei kd ke®keji Oc jrhH dcl e rv jkv 4g hgxuv z s s wa z s s , s X a , wa z q Syf dlb ]Cul suikv l rfk' jkv ei urb rkc hjkl s; e kunf uhr ub s q s a , zs s X X X
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044 fo 991 egaP

s s je ;ü/ ]g krgd jkv g krkjd¬e jdIky jkv kd jkohn g kr[n go kl , , , q q , , s , s s 4k;x uc [e ]sxgd thje d Lko jkl kr g Nd Cgu df gd g; jxv cv Z w X s Z s s , q s udfsy 4r;cfr g hrkt gj l d/ 2g hrkv <jdf hHd kgo u ]g krkv n , s T X a , kp hHd kgo u ]g ry[ yG Bkd kgo u ]g krLi h;k[nf tjl kgo u 2g a a T s q w s a , \ w a , jkohn hd Ikdji jgkc d jk} ]g jkohn hH kgo ]g kr[n jgkc jddk> 4g s s s , a , s a , krkt pgi ji Ik[ hygi jkv g krkt kg yGl thje dS Bkd gjr hldf qa , , s s 4hd kjIDkL g rjd kol ]g srn roæ X T s s T s jf 4;kt yef gxt hygi eg df g rjd ''fkd thje jkl 4g krkt je t s X T s s s , hje go Arrv 4g jH l uyt ]k;‘B ]k/i¬rfi thje d Lko jkl 4g krjd a T s s Z Z z s Z s , rkc hd ;nkl d jk} jddk> jgkc d jk} skr g krkt kg dhO ct thje X Z T s a s , s go jkc7jkc jkv 2g Cgu krje thje go udfy ]g krkg g; jkc7jkc 2;kt , , s , s s je df g rjd kuFki cl o jGf 4kd henkv lm g krkv kjkn kjkckn jGf T s Z z s s , , s 2ji jk} lb g naukv kld ]g <jdf hd tjl hld ]g hrkv , , T X w , , /xl hurdf3g krxy ugd jdOm gcl jGf jkv g krkt pc henkv go u a q , s q , , dfy 4g krsn h;k[nf cl ji jk} lm ]go g ;ü/ 4g r[nf hH jkr ]g kr[h s , , T s s , n hH nkp ]g rkx hH rhx h{i ]g ry[f hH ywG 4;kt kg hH eg u'n d a T s T s X s X Z s tjl l kgo 4;kt yef eg gxt hdlm jkv ;kt je g; df g rjd kuZFkzi w s a s X , s T s s l ukoxH thje d Lko jkl jkv g k;kv kjkn kd ;nÔ kd thje lm jGf s Z s , , , s 2dl pgi eg gxt hd dS jcu df ;kt je cd thje g; df g sr X qa a s T yt ue hg ue o 4Cgu hdL[f Bkd ]Cgu jk} Bkd kgo 4krLi h;k[nf Cgu s \ s s a \ hH Nd kd kthje d Lko cay jkl jkv 2g gj kx rhx ld h{i ]g y[f y q s X s Z s s , T s s , T s G ld ]g kyduf tjl kld ]g krgd jdOm gcl hHd7hHd go ]g thje w s , , w , , q , kt kd Ik[ dS jcu 4g Ik[ hd kthje ji ukykn hcy 4g ukykn hcy lki s a T X X a , a sd tkojn ]g ktkojn hg dS 4g krkt k;df ñrH hg kdum yod ]g Cgu n s , , s s , heém Bkd hd upc dutf ]g hxkj lS kt ]e ykri¬v lm 4g ykri¬v dS s s s T s s s s X , 4g hjWt huy >el rkc hdum sl , s hukgd hl7hIkN jkv dS 4;x pgi chjd d uyduf lt df g rjd okH s , s qa s s s , T s klsS o ]ji jk} nc g L[ kt 4l jkd/v d uoht ]l xkv hd uoht ]sl [ s a T s \ s s a s s n d uoht ]l kLhi hd uoht kxs;kt yduf cv hu/ n;k' df g krxy jd q s s \ , [n kd u/uf ]g u/ rgc3rgc lki dltf 2xX;kt yduf hH cv ]sx;kt y s s Z , q q s s X duf hH cv n;k' df g krxy güm ]g Cgu ji kjk} um kt Nhi ]jd[sn Xgü , X T X s s m ]g L[ ji kjk} nc um eg ct udfy 4g Cgu yko ukt y jgkc jk} hH T s \ X a s T s s s Bkd so 4d kO‘rfi ]d ni ]d jkdgv ]d rfhd ]d ';3g jk} sLc hg slS s s z s s a s Z s T \ s 4g krkv sy Cgu jrhH jkv g krkt y jgkc jk} go 4 , , , s jd eJ hg kurdf ]g ky[ Cgu dr tkv jk} l u/ udfy 2s;kt y[ n;k' X , q s s q

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044 fo 002 egaP

4e ukt Gjr hd jrhH g Cgu BkuOfd Bskd kF;üv ]g BkuOfd X s , , hgo jkv 4g Gjr hd jgkc rnkv hpel hjkeg jkv g rht hg e rnkv yo , , w , T s X d eg 4g rkt yp ryp jkluv d rnkv huiv eg 4kryp Cgu hg kri Xe s T s s s q s g df g hrdl kg 0lf dkujr[ hurb rnkv jkv g hd jgkc rnkv hjkeg T s X , , df g <jkd lb uOfd 4g Cgu uOfd e ikv uiv k_k; go ]g k_k; kt hd , , X s , s tkojn d jrhH lb 4g Gjr hd jgkc hjkeg rnkv 4g rn dD/ hH kgo kr s s , T s s s a s g rkt pgi ji tkojn d jrhH jxv ]g hnkv d tkojn d jgkc kt eg T s qa s s T s s s s 4g krskg , nc jkv go l ukd/ Gjr hd jgkc 4Gjr hd jgkc kvkd/ re ]Gjr hd a , s s s jrhH kpC[ g k[yf ji jk} lm3F rgd e dkte ekj heko¬ ji jk} lm s , s s X 4g kry[ Gjr hd jrhH jk} kd uk;÷ jkv 4g rkt Gjr hd jrhH skt g; , q , T s ]g rpfjfiv ydycf k_k; g; 4g Cgu jL kd dp7yH Bkd kgo ]g kuke7 , q , w w s a , kukt ]kukpgi go 6g rpfjfi rfkH7hyH eg l r¬kj lm 4g rnkv l kjrke T a s s , s X a üt7eüt hd ukt jgkc eg dfk;D ]g hrkt kg Hjki BkuOfd Xe k_k; hjrhH s X X , s a z 4g krkt , IN cl cr jkv g rkt yduf eg l lki d jk} lm udfy 4g kry[ G w , T s s s s , q jr hd jrhH kr ]jk} go g kry[ 4kd uyk[ Cgu hg g Nd kgo ]g jkohn s , q s s s , q a , Gjr hd jgkc e ylv 4g hg nc ]g Cgu hg krdl y[ ]g kry[ Cgu Gj X , a , q , q r hd jgkc jk} Bkd 4g Sg 0lf d [k/ jk} cl yko uy[ Gjr hd jgkc s T q s s s s s q 4g kry[ Gjr hd jgkc jk} kd u/ ]g kry[ Gjr hd jrhH jk} kd uk;÷ , q , q 4g krLi ewyke kry[ Gjr hd jrhH kt ]g ky[ j , \ q s , q k} go 4g rLi ewyke ry[ Gjr hd jgkc kt ]g nc jk} cl o df g rkc T s \ s q s T a s , hd te jkv 4g jk} kd uk;÷ go ]g ky[ jk} dS 4g nc jk} cl udfy s , , , q T a s 4;kt pgi kgo eg cd df g krsn kuc yxki kd kxky kjktg Hn g; kdum X qa a , s X s X a jkv rkg Cgu htkj kd ujd jkdho¬ kd yH huiv kr xky jrd/fv udfy , s s s s s w s s s 4g Cgu hH Nd kgo ]g krgd jkv l jk} l , q a , , s m g krkv Iky 0c Bkd hHd ]jhokge Bkd hHd 4Nd g Cgu ]g rn gd j , , q s s q , T s s , kv hlgkl ]joreégf g rLi I,ky xky Nd hH l kjk} um hHd7hHd udfy T s \ s q s X s 4sx;kt >el [e kr gd u g; o jxv X s Z w s X s 2g gj kx rhx h{i ]g kgj [nf nkp ]g kgj [nf tjl ]g y[f yG rqgc ] T s , a , w T s w xgd o jdIky Nhi udfy 2g jkohn kgt ]g L[ ji tkojn nac hg slS ]g s X s , s s , a T s \ s s T s \ L[ ji stkojn d u/ kt so 4g yG Bkd u ]g hu'kj Bkd u ]g tjwl Bkd s s , w s , s s , s u sxkv kgt df g L[ ji stkojn nc hg lS ]g L[ gxt hd rfiI‘kj kt o a T s \ a s s T s \ ≠ s s 2hxs;kt yef gxt go eg kr kx;kt je g; cd df g uk'ji e jdDp hl X s s T s X m thje d Lko jGf jkl jkv 2g y[f yG ld ]g kyduf tjl kld ];≈kH s Z s , T s w s , , w ,
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044 fo 102 egaP

2jd rkc llm jkv ;kt yef Bkd df kx[n jddk> s s , s s s s a Gjr kjkp ]kxs;kOm jkc[v ]kxyk[ k;Lfj henkv kr Cgu hH Nd jxv 2ky X s s s s s q d hd u[j jH kd suiv gjr hH hldf ]kyd hd ukg jH g rukt eg jkv s s s s s s T s , 4g uk;÷ hg kyd hd ujd hyk[ , s 4g krkt k , i kd ke®keji go ];kt kg hyk[ henkv kt 2Cgu hg krskg hyk[ ]r¬;øv he s s s s nkv 4g kgj jd Nd rgc go df kxyp kri kr dk> eg e hLik[ hH hdl , q q s s X a X \ s m ]g kgj jd Cgu hH Nd df g rgd eg kd henkv ltf 2g rjd Nd u , q T s s T s q Nd kr g rOc hyk[ hH ct eg 2hd sujd Nd u Nd g rnkv hjkeg jkv q s T s , q q , , 4kujd u hH Nd g uk;÷ 4kujd7u ,g uk;÷ q , 4g hrdl kg Cgu rnkv hjln Bkd jkv , s w s , dkujr[ llb e uk;÷ 4hd ugj rjd Nd u Nd knl g rnkv dS hjkeg s X s s q q , 4xjd ''fkd hd ujrm Xe Xk;bkjgx hdub eg sl y s X s s d jGf ]X>el l iW defFki e /cl d krnkv ub kl7kLkF 4g ydrfi rn s z X a a s X s\ T w z X kv hjkeg udfsy 4g krkt kg 'soi e uk;÷ l kryjl hg kurb 4;kt yt xk , s z X s s v jkv n kjdI kd jF®i Bkd lt 4s;kt gc kuj> j,kv n kIg jF®i Bkd sl , s s s s , s s jiM d uj> l,t l kryjl hurb ]g hrkt kg rfx hlS e uk;÷ kr jd l s s s s , s s X s X k;i hH kl7kLkF kd ukg rDe lum jkv y >el kd rnkv huiv eg jxv z s\ s s q s , X s 4rDjfrfv d krnkv hjkeg Glf ]g Cgu k/kc Bkd jkv Xe uk;÷ s X Z , s , 4g hruc k/kc e uk;÷ kt ]g rnkv cl hH hjkeg 4g hrL T X s T X , i ewyke BkuOfd e suLkr kd rnkv jkv g krht e rnkv Ar<jk/kl ;‘ue \ X s\ s , , X q 2g kgj ht hg e rnkv hukji ykl [ , X q ky ln jhj' ]Cgu kri kd jhj' 4g kxy suyp l ji kn henkv df dr tk s , s , s v kyp Cgu hg kri kd jhj' 4h;x gj e;kd rnkv go 4kF kryp l j,i7F s s kg jkp kt ]g gj n jc[ hd henkv ukji ykl [ky ln eg kr g rygf F s T s s s q s T s kg jkeg ct df kxkg k;df Cgu yk;[ suikv hHd 2g Sg [j hjkt ekd ku s s , q s iv rnkv7Lt go ]g hgj kt ;df kNhi go ]g hgj jd kNhi go ]hF rnkv \ , s , s kt hd henkv ygi ykl [ky ln udfy 4g Cgu /cl Bkd kd uyp sllb s s , a a s s ]g hryef Cgu kr;kgl Bkd e suyp llb 2g krygf Fkg k;kc Fkl d ji , s X s , a s , ;kn ]g krygf Fkg k;kn Fkl d j,i ;kc3g rygf Fkg Xkukn e Fkl j,kv g X , a s X T s s X T sl ji kukn kr ryp cv 4g Sg Ldi kNhi dr cv go ]g rnkv hd uyp , X s s s , q s \ , s sl ji7Fkg jkp kt go 4kvg kL[ l ji kn henkv e nkc rgc 4F ryp sl , s q \ s , s X q s s ji7Fkg kjkp so ]F toi kt d henkv ygi "o [ky ln df g rgd dufkK , X s Z w s s s Z T s o 4g gj ygf k;D Fkg kukn df Cgu hH kri kdikv 4g ryp ikv ji r¬kj , T s X X s s T s s 2kr yp Cgu hH kri eg df g hrkg d_fk; jkv rcte ]dkujr[ k'eg rnkv X T s a , w s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 202 egaP

4g krkg kjH l okur ue dr cr ]g rjd Nd , s s T s q ikv dr ct dfk;D ]g Cgu /cl Bkd l uk;÷ kdltf ]xky g rjd Nd7 X , a a s s s T s q rgc ji eku d uk;÷ 2g krjd ulk"h' Bkd ]g krjd ulkv Bkd ]g krit q s , Z s , s , ekj7ekj Bkd ]g krjG kyke Bkd 2g rjd ekd xky hH ji eku sd uk;÷ s , s s T s s 4krdl kt Cgu e uk;÷ go ]krdl kg Cgu hyk[ kt jkv X s s , 2g ydæfe rgc kukg hyk[ ]ekd Bkd u Bkd 2g sr[y , q q s s s T f ]g rPi ckrdf3g rkt yp xky kt e gxkjkd kr 4Sgfkp ekd Bkd u B T s \ X T s s s s X 1 s s s kd 2g rjd k;D7k;D eyke u ]g r[yf ;‘kH ji krhx ]g r[yf kdhI ji T s w T s T s krhx xky e gxkjkd kr Syflb 4g hrkg hd ukt kg ekdc Ghydr hylv s X 1 s , s s s s 4g hrkg Cgu hd g1xkjkd Ghydr güm ]g rkt s;df nac xky kt e kgxkjkd , s X T s s s X X 1 4g rgc Ia? uhr T q s 2ikv g gj gd suhge uhr 4sxy kxy hlkG ]xLi nd l rN ikv 4uhge u T s X a s X \ w s s hr gj O,c hyk[ df gd jkv ;kt hn jd kF¬o;ø Nd cl Syf dikv uhge X s X , s q s s uhr jxv 4Nd u Nd ]sx;ki k'n hg hlsS kr xpkl e /cl uiv hH ikv q q X s s X s X a a s 4g krkjc? rgc ue rDjof dfk;D ]g kgj jd ''fkd hd ujd Nd l gj , q X wa s s q s r hH hldf e ];x ukpgi l dhO ikv 4g kgj jd Cgu hH Nd ]kgd ukgüm T s s wa q s X `g rn [j jnv jkv jkc7j T s s a , kc g rykduf k;D ikv l ldIl g; 4s;tfhn jd nc kr kg kujd nc ];tf T s s s w a s s a s hy yk[ kr kg kuyk[ kr k; `g ryk[ jkc7jkc k;D k;dfL[f s; 4g kgj [ s s s s s T s s X a \ wa n ekd dikv ]g kgj y naukv rgc jkv g kgj jd oHuv hH e ]kgd uTe s s wa s q , wa q T s 4g kydv kyp ]hF rgkj dS hH kr rskg wa s s s s Cgu ikv 2g hgj kt h;kjc? ukt hje jkv g Li ;df nc [kv df g ikv , s , T s \ s a X a T jkv kxkg Fkl kLkF kr k;x kv Bkd df kF kpkl ]s;kv kd ukg I? gnkp , s s\ s s s s s s s a , 4g henkv chtv ikv `g rlg k;D ikv ]kgd ukgüm 4h;x kv hlg >e jGf T T s a X s X a s q 2g rkt T s jgkc jGf ]g rkt e eWFkc jGf ]g rn jd jnv jGf ]g srykduf Nd sl T s X T s s a T q ldIl jGf ]g rjd nc hdL[f jGf ]g ryk[ hdL[f o ]g hgj kt hrPc s w T s a \ T s s \ s , \ hu,pc hdum 4g gj jd k;D o df g kry [n e phc7phc djd nc [kv Te s T s s wa s s X s a a 2k;nf dIi phu lm jGf ]k;df W' kuPi jGf s s q \ s X ukgüm hH jdPi jkc Bd 2k;df Wq' kuPi l jGf ukgüm kdlm ]F dp P\i \ \ s s X s s s q jkc Bd kdlm ]F Syf jkc[v kt l ydæfe o 4g gj jd k;D o df kgj s s s s q s T s s kr[n ;df nc [kv e jGf 4;x kg u,pc rgc o kr Cy jd nc [kv jG s s a a T s s s q s s a X a f ue jd[n hjk;r hdum 4F jk;r so kr kOm e nkc I? /kv Bkd 4jd r s T s , s , s T s a s s X kc Nd so ]xkt e df sxkg e kNπb lb dfk;D ]Li h;k[nf upc sLc ut†l q wa T X X X s \ , s \ go 4k;x kl e df k;x jnv d jed hg lt 4g krgj hg k;kl e k_k; sl s T a s s s , wa s X jkrekv e 4F jkv ut†l dS e cçLf je 4kF kgj jd k_k; e uI dS Te , T s , X s s s X ≠s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 302 egaP

4g krLkt l jgkc hg kuj , s\ s d dfk;D ]Sjfd hH Nd ]kxkg e/v kr Sbkuc kyk'e/ ]kxkg e/v kr Sb X q s Z s Z s Z s kuc jnfe 4kxkg e/v ]Sjfd hH Nd Syflb 4g krkg /çyim l ujd e/v a s Z q , s s s Z 4g krkg /çyim l sujd e/v ]g krkg /çyim l ujd7u e/ , s s Z , s s s Z 4g krkt k;ki djd7 , s u kd a;o¬ ]g hrkt h;ki djd Xthp cl hd k;ufn 4Sgfkp huy >el sl dh s T s q s O rkc hd tkj g; jkv 4kxkg kuki djd7u lm ]g Cgu ykol kd suki djd , s s s , s Nd lm 4g go hH cr ]g Cgu go df g kgj xy kdikv ct 4hg g go ]g q s , , , s , , go dfk;D ]kx;bkt dIH kr k;df hH Nd kr g kuki skd ;o¬ jxv udfy X s s q s , a s 4kx;kt yef s Cgu '; l ujd Nd7u ]kxLi kujd Nd kr g kuki '; jxv 4kx;kt ye s s q s \ q s , s f Cgu u/ l sujd7u 4kxLi kujd Nd kr g kuki u/ jxv 4g krkg kuki d s s \ q s , , s s jd Nd lm ]g Cgu kt 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu djd Nd lm ]hg g kt 4hg q s , s s q s , s g e 4g Cgu ykol Bkd kd uki djd s>e ]g e dfk;D 4g Cgu hjWt kujd wa T , s s s q wa T X , kr g kuki hg kd n[ jxv 4g hjWt kujd Nd kr g kuki jkv Nd jxv s , s q , q s , , q 4g hjWt kukt , dQ kr g kukt dr suiv jxv 4g hjWt kuyp kr kg kukt dr jlwn jxv s , , s s s 4g Cgu kylkG Bkd kgo dfk;D , s a X 3g rjWt kgd hd uyp kr kg kukt hg dr >e >e udfy 4kxkg Cgu kjwi , a s s s q s q s s kylkG kr kxwayp Cgu jxv 4g kylkG e phc sj s , X e jkv dikv dfk;D ]kxLi kuyp kr kg kukv >e lki dikv jxv 4rdl s , s X s \ s s s q s s pgi Cgu dr ikv suiv l ujd 4g rdl pgi dr jln onl ikv sl ujd qa s s T s qa s w , s 4k rpgi Cgu Bkd ji ujd dr kjrkeüt7eüt kgt ]g krkt pgi kgo henkv qa s s X a a , qa a s s l ujd7u hH Bkd <{ dS 4g knil hd uoht kgt ]kgo eg s;x pgi jkv s , a a a qa , 4g rdl y[ e pl kt ]jk} o ;x y[ 4g klt uki kt ]cl k;yf ki kr T s q X s s s q , , s s s ;kt gj e rykg hd sujd7u hH kd <{ dS Bkd jxv 4rkc g; g rHnv s X s s , q 4g , ktkojn kd jrhH kujd7u ]g ktkojn kd ukt y jgkc _ke kujd ]gj uk;÷ , s s s 4g T gj jd Nd ikv 4g hjkt dD/ dr cr ]g rjd Nd ikv dr ct 4g ry s q T s T s q T s [ jk} l rfk' hlm 4l rfk' g hrkt kl yh> kr rjd Cgu hH Nd ikv c q s a s a , s s s q t 4g hrgj hrOm Xxjr ji yh> hd ue dr cr ]g rjd Nd ikv dr ct T a T s q 4g hrkt kg uke ydycf yh> hd ue cr ]rjd Cgu hH Nd ikv ct , s , q s q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 402 egaP

sLik> jkl jkv 4g rjd ekJof {Hf kg; ]g rjd utkH {Hf kg; ]g rjd \ s s , T s q a T s s q a T s uku¬ {Hf kg; df kxy ukrc jdkt y uekl d Lik> dS7dS d eJkv j q a s s s s s \ s s hdG go 4kF k;x u[n kd eJkv dlm ;o¬ Ikel kd ukikt 4hF rfk;“ hL s s s s a z c hd eJkv dlm 4kF eJkv kl7kNπv dS kdlm 4kF jhdG dS e ukikt \ s X 4g kujd7u uk;÷ 4g Cgu /acl hH Bkd , , a s s s l ujd kd uk;÷ df g Cgu hg kri eg dfk;D 4g 9kujd8 uk;÷3xjd hH , X X , s X uk;÷ ct eg 4go g rnkv hjkeg 4g gj kt sujd uk;÷ df g rdl gd g; , T s T s eg kr kg gj kt kgd df gd leg Bkd ct 4g e rnkv hd ujd eg kr s s s a s s s T X s s XNi hH Nd eg 2hd ujd g rnkv hjkeg jkv g Cgu kujd ]Syflb uk;÷ w q s , , , 4g kryef l u , s s jd Nd s;df kucf kt ]g ry jd oHuv kd krdv eg jrhH unf ltf ]g q s T s s q s Z , kruc unf hlm kyhy _jfp jkv 4g krkg kl¬gf kd e/v dr cr ]gj kuc , , s Z s _jfp dr ct 4g krkg Wq' e/ l unf hlm ];kt uc kyhy unf ltf _jfp , s Z s s 4g kgj yp kujd cl jgkc ]g e;kd kujd7u i¥dof 4g sgj Cgu , , T hg jd Nd eg 4g Cgu _jfp Bkd j/b ]kyhy g g; ]g rgd <‘Î udfy q , s , T s s 2g kgj jd k;D henkv g; ]g krkt kg jgkc d kui¥d hjkeg 2g , , s s , kry pku jdkg kL[ e phc dum kr g hgj pku jdkg hL[ rjkv ln 4sr s s \ X s s T s \ X , dl jd Cgu kui¥d hHd eg hdltf ]g kry jd ekd lS go 4g Cgu knk; , s s s , † llb ]g kl¬gf kd dIku hldf go ]g kd kyhy kyeke cl Xelm 4g Cgu s , , , hg uæi kd _jfp dfk;D ]g krsy jd ekd d gjr cl go 4g ydæfe Xe k; z X , s , q ufqn kutk[ henkv kOwuv klt <‘Î Syflb 4;uHfv g cyre kd kyhy 4g s , , , jrv Nd e _jfp jkv kyhy jkv 2g rgd Cgu kd _jfp d <‘Î udfy ]g a q X , , T s s s s T rgd kd _jfp kd _jfp d ekj 4g rn gd _jfp kd _jfp dcl 2 kyhy s s s s T s s s s g rgd kd _jfp d <‘Î ]rgd Cgu _jfp eg kd _jfp d <‘Î Syfhlb T s s s s s s 4jgkc g krkt gj ; , uHfv ]krN Cgu Nd jrhH dlm 2g krkt kl l te kd rkj jkv g hrkt w q s , s s s s , , yt kdy jkv g krLy Syf d kday jkv g krkt uc <okj go 2g krkj go a , , \ s , , , s u ]g krIhi hrkN go u3jrhH jkv 2g krkj jdIhi hrkN ji ukt k[ d k , , , s s s s rhl jkv ]g kruc ekj go 4g krjd Cgu hH Nd jrhH7jrhH jkv g krjd , , , q , , cl go 4kg kgj jd ekd e dIku hldf kruHfv Bkd lt ]g lS kujd7u s X s s s , , s s 4kgj Cgu /cl hH Bkd l ujd ]g rgj suc krdv udfy 6g rjd cl ]g a a s s s T s Z s T s T hH rOm ]g hH rkl ]g hH rykc ]g rxke hH utkH ]g sryp hH jhokge s T s s T s s T s a s T 4g krLi Cgu dG Bkd llm ]g krjd hH Nd go jGf 4g krdv hH k , \ Z s s , q , Z s r g krd go ]g krsy ukt kd ujd7u kt df g rkc hd te jkv g; jkv , Z , s s s , s , , 4g e/ kt ]g krkt yef go skr ;kt yef rykg hd ujd7u jkc dS udfy , Z s , s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 502 egaP

4g k/kc hg rnkv hd k"kH hd ujd dfk;D , s X ]sx;ki >el Cgu ikv ]sx>el ikv dr ct e k"kH hd ujd udfy 2,g hr X X X s s yef hH l uk;÷ kryrh' hlo ]g hryef l ukgu kryrh' hlt 2g uku¬ d s , , s s , , e®fkv ]g uku¬ hjrhH go df g rk>el hH g; kr >elku Bd 4hxkg k;∂f , T s s s Bkd hH kujd uk;÷ df g rpkl eg 4g r>el k"kH hd ujd uku¬ hH eg s T s s T s s 4g uk;÷ eku kd 9ujd7u8 , s 4 krdl kt k;df Cgu uk;÷ udfsy ]g krdl kt k;df ek;k;ø ]g krdl kt k; , , df utkH ]g krdl kt k;df uku¬ 4g ydæfe kr hg; ]kgd u jhdG lm kr s , , q s s s 2g rjd uk;÷ df rgd Cgu k;D g; kr ]g dhO ]kgd u Ikzel lm T s s X s , s 4g ykg u'ILfe ]g uoH uk;÷ kjkeg go 4x , s s , s X ;ki >el Cgu n;k' ikv kr gd likv e jxv jkv 4g jWt k;kuc 4rjd s wa s T , , s Cgu Nd hg e pl kgo 4kukv hHd ikv jGf 4Sjfd Gke ikv ]kgd ulm q X a s `Syf ldf g k;kuc g; `sxkg rjd kr Nd 2rjd Cgu hH Nd ]kgd u Ikzel lm , X s s q s q s 4gd k;D e cv d wa T f g krkt gj ip e 2kg rjd k;D kgo df kg rNi er jkv rjd Cgu hH wa q T s s a s s w q , s Nd eg kgo 4krdl >el Cgu k"kH hd ujd7u 4g henkv kyko u>el k"k q a s , s H hd ujd henkv g; df k;x >el e 4g rjd utkH kg; ]g rjd uku¬ k s T T s s a T s a g; df k;k[nf ue kr3g kr>el k"kH hd ujd henkv g; df k;x >el Te s T s , s s T s kr g rjd k;D kgo ]g rNi ikv 4g rjd Cgu hH Nd eg e uoH lm 4 a T s w T s q X g rNi ryx hg uæi ikv 4g krkt kg hg ryx uæi l un ryx jRm dfk; T s w z , s z s s s X D ]n ld jRm e kr g rNwi uæi ryx ikv ]s;tfhd Gke ]kgd u {Hf lm wa s , T s T s z s q `g T rjd k;D e uoH lb ]g krNi e ]g krLi Cgu h;kul gér ]kgd u Ikel s X wa w T , \ q X q s z 2jkd¬eu ]kgd sulm 4kxy ulg hH jGf {Hf go s a q 2Cgu hg kul suer lt ]kg rkt kg jgc lß er jkv g rjd k;D kg; df q q s , s s s s s q , T s a kNi jkc lhpπi ler sue ]g kL[ e phc uoH kLc kt go jkv `hd uk[ w s q T , \ X \ s , s nf kdlb g rjWt k;D3g rjd uku¬ kg; ]g rk[ kuk[ {Hf kg; df ;k[ s , T s a T s q a s nf Lik> uer ]kF k;kv u[n eJkv kjkgér 4g yxki e k; kg yxki er s \ s s q s s q wa T s q kr k; df kgd sulm Sg rOc ji Lk? uiv ji jk} 4k;x jH l /k∂ Ikel s q s , s s\ s s s z 2u {Hf lm h s q ;kOm u hg rkc hdlm ]e phc kF uoH kt go jkv k;x kv ji jk} liko X s , jde? Ikel jGf 2Cgu hg g uoH go l,t ]jd u hg rkc hd uoH lb go w z , s s `g rjd k;D e uoH lb jxe ]g dhO ]sl T s X , lm kxy suNi jkc7jkc Ikel3kF uoH kLc dS e phc3nkc d ukv kg e w z \ X s s s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 602 egaP

4g kgj kg cl g;3g hgj yp lkoæ ]g gj ygf Ri d {o , s , T s s s 1 ]g hgj yp Skog 4sx;kygf Ri {1o 4g gj ygf Ri ]g {o go jkv ]g hgj T a X s T s s , 1 , T yp aSkog l,t3g krkt gj kukg Glf ]hH kd <{ dS hxs;kt IN k;∂f hj s , s Z s w kl ct 4jrhH g k;D df kryp Cgu kri kdlm ]g kvg k>ym e ujd uiv , s , q X s s kt 4kryp Cgu kri kd sukg dr cr ]g rkg >ym e ujd eg dr ct d s s T s s s X s fk;D 4g ydæfe kuukt kucf Sg rDe l sujd kr g kuukt jxv kukg kdlm X , q q q s s , s 4kxkg knl go 4g Cgu ;kim Bkd hH kd suIef dlm jkv 4g l knl go j s , s s , , s , kv 4g go 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ujd lm ]g kvg kOc jrhH jkeg kt go , , s s s , q , s s 4,g hg j kg ]lm g jd Cgu eg 4g kuI? dS ]g Cgu k;∂f 2g k;∂f dS hH lkoæ s s T , , , i7lkoæ l,t ]g hg lß eg rgd 2g Sg ;kuc k;∂f hH kd xnVhc eg udfy z s T s s T q s s z s 4hy Cgu hHd su henkv hldf lkoæ 4h;x ]h;x 6Cgu ry lkvc7lkoæ jGf3 s s q ji tkojn kg rke ]g kri eg udfsy 4xgj sry lkoæ eg ]g gj y lkoæ k s s , , X s X s T s s s r eg ]kgj hL[ df rgd ikv jkv hrkt kg hL[ ji tkojn rke jkv krkt s \ s , s \ s , , kg ydæfe kuje kr rkg rsy lkoæ ikv jxv jkv 4g hryp lkoæ 4g rd s q s s s s , , T s l y ikv hHd u jkv dr hHv e uoht uiv hy Cgu lkoæ hHd uikv d s , X s s fkykg 2g rsy lkoæ df g rkt sul Sg rgd hH g; kr eg 4g rdl pkl Xe a T s T s q q s s T s s k"kH hg hd sujd go ]g rdl pkl hH kt eg df g h;x kg rcte hurb T s s s , s w rnkv hd sujd hjkeg 2g rpkl e k"kH hd ujd hH kd ei kr eg udfy T s s X s s zs s s 4krdl kt Cgu k;df ]g krkg ei 4rdl Cgu hg jd ei ikv , s zs s zs 4g , Cgu k;∂f go 4krkt Cgu k;df ei df g kri güm ]kxkg kvg oHuv kd e zs , X s q q i hHd hH kdutf dfkykg 2g krjd ei e df g rgd llm eg hH kr rkc zs s a wa zs T T s s s hd ei l hldf g rgd eg ct 2Cgu hg kri eg kr 4hukt Cgu k'nf Bkd zs s T s X s s ueg hd sujd7u ]g hukt k'nf _kedS hg hd ujd e uoht ueg dr cv s , s X s 4g krdl k , s g hH kIym llm ]g rdl jd eg hH kt `krdl jd Cgu Xk;D nc [kv kr s T s s a a s g krdl ysk[ [kv e jxv `krdl jd Cgu k;D nc Fkg kr g krdl yk wa a T X a s wa s [ Fkg e jxv `g rdl jd Cgu k;D k;∂fv kr g rdl jd k;∂f eg ct T T s X s T s 4g Bkd jrhH kyko ujd kd , s s s kvk;∂f hjkl ub 4g Sk;∂f cl ;3kvg kuOm go ]g rOm 6kvg kuOc go X T a s q T s q , ]g rOc 6kvg kukl go ]g rkl 6kvg kujd utkH go ]g rjd utkH 6kv T s , q s T s s q s T s s g kuyp go ]g ryp ji r¬kj eg 2krkv Cgu e >el g; 4g kukt gj Gl q T s s X , Z f 4g kun LkN kujd cl 4g kujd Cgu hH Nd rDo lm 4g kujd7u go ]g , s s\ , q , T gj gd ltf kujd uk;÷ 4kuy jd yk;[ c[ ji rkc lb e kunf uhr ub s s s w X X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 702 egaP

j /kc I? lhckp 4[j yk;[ Syf dlm ]X;kt u dp ktkojn g; e ykd s s a , X s w X xk;i lb 4g kujd eJjfi ji jk} hlm e xk;i lb jkv xO,c rkj ]xOc g s z , X s z , s X s X , cl eg kr e uk;÷ 4kxkg ek<jfi e uk;÷ kurm ]xn ukg kjgx kurtf kd q s X s X s X s s s /kc lb 4g kgj kt k;df u®;i kd ukjd /kc doi7uk;÷ kd rkc hlb xkv s , z s s Z w s s 4g rdl jd Nd eg df g krkt IN hg eH g; kdutf T s q , w z 4rjd Cgu hH Nd kt ]g rkt pgi o kr kgo 4kxkg Cgu jxjkd u®;i Bkd s q s T s qa s s a s z s kdikv 4Mkt kg /çyim kd ukoxH e df jd u u®;i hH g; 4Mkt kg _ a s s T X z a s ofi e df jd u u®;i hH g; 4g Cgu r¬o Bkd jkv e jkll hyko ujd r T X z , q s , X a s k'v knk;† l u®;i yko ujd rk' dfk;D ]Mkt kg rk' e df jd u u®;zi a s z s s a X a s a T X hH g; kr 4g kgj kg cl df Sgfkp kuy >el l dhO lm ]g kukt e uk; s , s s s s , X ÷ kd rDf;ø ltf jkv 4g krkg cl 4g rjd eg df Cgu O> Bkd kLc sllb s , , s T s w s \ 2g krkt Oc gjr hd j , , F®i e uoht eH kd ujd g; jkv g rjd eg df g eH g; kd henkv 4g X z s , T s , z s , Cgu eH g; kd hldf 6g eH g; kd kjkr7nkp u ]g ezH g; kd kynkc d z s , z s X a , s X s 'kdkv u ]g eH g; kd k/ki u ]g eH g; kd k;{fi u 2g k;x kg kn,i , z s X , , z s X , s kd henkv eH kd sujd 4g kryp gkoi kd uoht hg lS lc ]g gj y lk s z , z s s T s s oæ ikv lt 4jdOc Cgd g kgj Cgu kuc Bkd 4g hgj I? kuI? hd ukuc g s , , , s , s ; 4g hgj uc k;ufn 4g kgj kuc k;ufn jkv g kOc ke®keji df g Cgu k;∂ , q , q , , , , f Bkd g; 4g hgj uc k;ufqn l ke®keji 4h;kuc Cgu hHd k;ufn u ke®keji s , s q s 2g krkuc kL? jkgéd l,t ]h;kuc k;ufn u ke®keji df ]e k"kH hd uj , \ q s q s X s d3g gj pkl e k"kH huiv o dfk;D ]g >elku r;kguf ]g k;kuc kd k;u T s s X s X T , s fqn u ke®keji df g rgd xky kt go 4g kgj jd Cgu hH Nd kr go jkv s T s s s , q s , 4g k;∂fv k"kH hd ke®keji jkv g k;∂f k"kH hjkl hd henkv , , , 4g k;∂ , f hH go kr X;kv ]g k;∂f hH go kr jd ]g k;∂f hH go kr Oc 4g gj kt s , s X , s X , T s s ujd uk;÷ eg df pkl u hH jdyH 4gj uk/okl kLkF l rnkv hd ujd X s w X s\ s s 4jgx jkv s , 4jgx jkv jgx jkv xdl kt eg kr jGf ]kr¬kj s;x ukpgi eg jGf g Cgu s , s , s X s , Bkd jGf ]s;kt yef dy> dS hdlm 4k;x y[ go ]g jk} kyko uy[ jr s q , s q hH kt go 4h;x kg rfx e uk;÷ kr3kd ukt gj s;kt kg oHuv hH uni¬ k s s X s s s q a d <{ s;u g;3hH kd <{ dS jxv 4;kt gj lc ikv ]jd u hH Nd ikv s X X q 4n sukg kd suyp cl lb 4g kgj yp cl3g kgj gc u[ ]g hgj yp lkoæ X s s , , w , ]g hgj yp udL/ ]g gj yp jkpof jrhH 6g kgj ky¥pf ]g kgj [n Bkd , \ T s , , s s ]g kgj kj kpπc Bkd 6g yduf jkr e 'kdkv ]g hgj yp kog ]g gj yg , s s T s s X , T s f Ri3g kgj kg hH kt `yko sudkj g ukd ikv 4n uyp kr g gj yp hH s , s s s s T , X s s T s jkpof 4n ukg ]g kgj kg kt 4;kt IN e ukg g cyre kd kF¬ov hd uk;÷ X s s , s s X w X s s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 802 egaP

i Bkd l,t ]kg k;x jxf yG Bkd l,t ]g xke drfÎki hg hurm go ],g Cg s s s w s s , a z u xke hdikv go 4kvkt kl ]g kgj jd xke jhj' kji go 4lc cv lc ]l a s s , a w c df g kgj jd xke kvkj7kvkj kd jhj' jkv g s;x dF e jH unf ikv , a a s a s , T X gjr hlb 4kg gj ygf Ri jkv syp kog lt ]g SkuI? drfÎki hg hurm ; X s s , s , T a z s 4g gj kt y Cgu ikv3o®rDf;ø kj T s s kl kdikv ]g kgj kt ji jr¬cf Syf d ukl 4g kgj kt o®rDf;ø kjkl kdi , s s s , kv 4g kgj kg kukt 2g gj Cgu kt ikv Gjr hd yIkg 4g kgj kg kuyp d , s T s s , s f kujd oHuv hg klsS hH rDo ryp ]hH rDo rkt l kg; hHv 4dl kg k q s s s a s s jgx kurtf okH kdlb 4okH kdlb ]g lc ]g gj jd Nd Cgu e xsk;i lb T T s q X z 4g sr T ki pgi Cgu jrhH eg hH Cgd 4g rkt >ym cr jkv g rkt xy e ujd qa T s , T s X s g; jkv 2g rjd hH kuFki jkv g rjd hH uk;÷ eg 2g gj jd eg df g , T s Z z , T s T s , g; jF®i go 4g Cn ykL upLv hjkl u jF®i lm j,kv 4g k;x kg kL[ jF T X \ s , s \ ®i dS kgo 4jdLkN kd xkenf d henkv Glf ]g kjk/ dS tgl hxntf hjwi a s\ s s Z , a 4g ry[f ywG 4xy[f Cgu T s s X yG elm df kusy >el kr sxy suky[f yG jkv ;kt kg ckj[ xkenf jxv w X s w , s s kd ckyqx jkv 4g kgj Cgu ky[f yG ckyx Bkd ]ikv uiv g gj y[f y , , w q s s T s G 4g kgj kg ikv uiv go ]g kgj kg ikpip go ]g kjgx hH kt e hxntf w , s s , s q , s X a 4krdl kg Cgu hH Nd `g hrdl yp lkoæ df ]g krdl xt e s q , , i df ]g hrdl xy lk;î df `l ukxy g hrdl xy [H Cgd 4g eJ '' zs , s s , w , fkd jkv g ekJof nCu dfk;D ]hxn Lkr kd nCu ''fkd cl `hHd g hrdl s , , X s s\ s s , kv nCu l ''fkd hd uky nCu cv 4g ukohn gjr hjc e ''fkd hd uky s s s T s q X s s nCu o df g <jkd ket yd hg; kdum ]hrkv Cgu nCu kdutf 2xjd ''f s , q s s X kd hd uky nCu ikv rkj ltf ]hx;kv Cgu nCu rkj lm kr3jd ''fkd hd s s s s X s suky nCu unf /kdS hHd 4g kgj kg cl go `ikv g dl ky nCu hHd ` , s T s dr tkv g h;kxy [H uikv hHd 4;®l g hgo 4g kgj hg kg go e pl j , w s , , s X , kv 4g kgj kg go df y gjr lb kdlm ]g kgj kg hH kt I? lhckp udfy , s X s , s s s a , s 4hx;kt k s s g kni l rfx jkv kr?h' dy> go elm kr xOc eg Syf d uk;÷ jGf jk , s , z X s s X , s , v 4g hrdl kg Bkjgx hurb df hx;kv e yk;[ Cgu hHd kt ]hxkg kni Bk , s s X s s , jgx hurb ]jrhH kx;kt jgO kurb Nd cl ]hxs;kt kg rfk' hurb ]hx;kt s q s a s kg /çyim kd Rpf k'n hd ekJof hurb df x;kt kg ukjg ikv 4g kgj s s s X s , wa Cgu jd e 4g hgj kg Xthp ; df gj <je¬ kd rkc lb rrl e ykd xk;zi T T s s s X s 4g hgj kg kr g hxy lk;î 4g hgj kg k , s s , , s s r g hxy [wH 4g hgj kg g; kr ]g kgj y lkoæ 4k;∂f g hgj kg g; ]g kg , , s s wa s , s wa j yp df >el kr g kgj yp 4g kgj kg ]g kgj jd Cgu hH Nd e df [ X s wa , s wa q T X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 902 egaP

4kx;kt pgi <{ hlb hH ke®k;≤i kr ]kvg df s qa q s q s yp kri jxv kd ke®k;≤i j,kv 4<{ hlb kx;kt l r¬kj hlb hH hiki kr s q s s s s kvg df y ukt g; jxv hiki jkv k;df sue df ;kt Ief yk;[ g; kd hi q s , T s ki jxv 4g kgj jd e df g yk;[ kd hiki dfk;D ]g krdkj hH iki 4kd wa T , X , s s hldf g krkpgi ;≤i Bkd u ]kd hldf g krdkj iki Bkd u 4g krykL Cgu , qa q s s , s s , k/kc Bkd jkv g krykL k/kc hgo 4g 9e8 df g knk;† rgc yk;[ kd uskg s , , wa T , q s 4Sgfkp kr_ki hd suIef dS lc 4Sgfkp Cgu kr_ki "'of Bkd Syf dlb j s s s kv 4g krdl kg hH l hldf g; ]g kvg g; ]g krdl kg g; 4xX;kt kg jg , , s s , q , s s s kc eg ]kx;kt [nf eg jk} go 4;kt dQ eg ji jk} lm ]g rkt yduf j s X X T s dpc l jkrekv eg ji jk} ltf df Cgu <jkd Bkd e ykd xk;i lb jkv s , s X s z , 4kx;kt kN kIkUl dS jrhH ]hxy j? Gjr kjkp rfk' hjgx dS lk;kuv s s s X a 4g gj jd Cgu hH Nd ikv ]g hgj kg thp T s q T s X 4g hgj kg k;∂f hd uku¬ rDo rjd , s s uku¬ ]g hgj kg k;∂f hd uk[ rDo rk[ kuk[ 4Cgu ikv ]g kL[ henkv k , s s s , \ jln Bkd3g rkc hg jkv Nd df sxX;ki l jnv ikv 4kF k;df Cgu oHuv w s , , q s a q hHd uikv kt ]sxjd oHquv hg k;u Nd ]xdkp endS ikv kr 4g kl¬gf d s s X q s X T s , S hH kuyp kje e hlm ]g kgj yp l,t rxt kjkl kd kjkl g; 4>el g; s X , s X 4g hgj kg k;∂f hd uyp gjr hlm , s s g; dhO 4g gj yp jkr ]g hgj yp hoƒi ]g kgj yp nkp lt ]g hgj kg T s s , 1 , a s , , s gjr hlm k;∂f hd uyp g; ]g kgj Cgu yp df s;kt kv yk;“ g; kdikv s wa s rDo ryp jxv 4sxkg oHuv rqHnv rgc kr x[j <je¬ g; e ykd xk;zi s X q q s s X X s 4n sukt yk;[ go ]g krdl jd Nd e kr ]g kujd 'oi e k;ufqn hd u X wa q T s , s z X k;÷ hHd 4n ukt ydycf yk;[ kd ujd ]kd o®rd g; kygi 4g kuy [j X s q s 1Z , s <je¬ Nd Syf dlm kr ;kt u dp ikv l jk} lm jkv ]s;kv uk;÷ jkv q s s X w s , , 4rdl Cgu ky ikv]kx;kv uk; s s ÷ 4hxkg Xthp cr 4g kujd eg Nd df g k;x Ief yk;[ g; cr dfk;D 4< X , X q , X { hlb 3g krdl kt e uk;÷ rDo hlb go ]g l¬gf d rfÎi eg df kxy , X T s s z s >el g; rDf;ø kt jkv 4g kl¬gf dS kd rfÎi henkv 4g Cgu nkoiv Bkd s , , z T s X e hxntf eg 4g hH ji eg e;uf hg so ]g Gjr kjkp e;uf kt d hxntf a T T X s s a 4g , k;x uc ikH huki ]g rgd eg 2g kgj Lm jduc ikH huki df xgd hg sLk T s , \ s X s\ F eg kr 4xy uLm jduc ikH jkv ;kt kg ex huki df rgd Cgu eg g; s s s \ , s s Z s 4g kgj kg drfÎki cl go , s z `g kgj jd Nd Bkd kr g hrxy [H e Ii ct 4g kuI? tgl hg hurm g , q s s , w X s , ; ]g kuI? drfÎki hg hurm g; 4kg k;x jxf e kog jkv kg k;x [wl kR , z s X , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 012 egaP

s ulm 4jh[ hF hn Cgu kd 0c go 4hn jh[ u krktl kr F Oc phu d {o s q s q s s s , s s 1 dS jki d hnu jdyduf 4k;nf LkN cl jddF unf lm 4Cgu kyef Nd ]k s s\ q ;ki Cgu jkl Nd 4k;x F;ø kvg rhri ]kF k;df hH kt "o gN 4g k;x skg q Z q z s Z , ydæfe kujd jki kd hnu `kxkg ld 2g kgj jd ''fkd hd ujd jki jx q s s , wa s s kloH jkv g krdl jd Cgu jki hnu df kpkl u 0qc e <{ Sg 'kgsc lm , wa s s X q s 2k;x gj k;Òfg ydycf jhj' 2<jkd d hjkted `h a q s s ;x kv h'kgc rDo rkgu e hnu lm k;D 4kdum kyef Cgu Nd jH hLkd ]C s s s X X s q ,\ gu hg kyef Nd 2kyef Cgu hH Nd e k"o gN df g; kte jkv 4k;df cl q q X ˜ , ]kF krdl kt k;df hH kt "o gN 2e jhj' hF u rdkr hurb 2h;x kv s Z X h'kgsc ];x dIy jdLdi kd Lt dS 2hF u reégf hd uPp jd Ldi Ik? s s \ s \ s \ \ kr F gj jrm ukgu e hnu df h;x kg rykg hd jhj' hlS jkv 4k;df u s s s s X s s , en kd jhj' ];df lkoim 4k;df su 0c go ]kF krdl kt k;df hH skt 4hd s q Zk;pæir uOfd dr "o gN u 0c 4g rHnv rgc kuI? hd uoht d 0c Z s q , q q s q 4g kgj ki kg Cgu uk;÷ Syflb ]g >ym e u , s T s X s jd jkv g gj jd Nd 4g kgj ki kg Cgu uk;÷ Syflb ]eg g gj jd Nd , T s q , s T s q 4kxs;kt kg uk;÷ j s kv kjd u Nd 4g krkg l sujd7u uk;÷ 4g krkg Cgu l ujd hH Nqd uk;÷ , s q , s s , s s s 2g k;D cyre kd uk;÷ df Cgu kri hH Nd kd hldf kgo3kx , q s a s ;kt kg uk;÷ kit h_;kx 6kx;kt kg uk;÷ kit ekv 6kx;kt kg uk;÷ ]kit s s s s s s s s s ekj7ekj 6kx;kt kg uk;÷ jkv kjG kyke df g rk[lf xky kgt7kgt Syflb s s , s s T s s a a 4g krkg Cgu l ujd ]uk;÷ Syflb jkv 4g jk} kd ukt y e okHo¬ uk;÷ , s s s , , s s X 4krkt Cgu k;df ]g krkg kt g Fv kd okHo¬ jkv 4okHo¬ g Fv kd e/ , s s , Z , , Z Z 4g hgj kg llm ]g krkg okHo¬ tgl dS kd kthp ]g hgj kg t T s s , s X T s X hp `g hrdl ld kg hryx e ujd7u 4hrkg Cgu hryx Bkd Syflb ]g kg , s , s X s s s , j jd Cgu Nd ukoxH udfy 2g krkg k;D7k;D eyke u 4g hrkt yef kup q s , s w , w l ryx hHd ]g rkt kjdI jkr kn hHd ]g hrkt xy hH nCu kd ukoxH h T s s s , s Hd 4g hrkg dp7yH e ujd 4Crkg hH dwp7yH kr krjd Nd ukoxH jxv , s w w X s s X X w s q 2s;df Nd d hldf kucf g kgj yp cl kurb ]Cgu kri Nd 2g u q s , q , hgrv3xgj uoht urdf ]e kjkr hx;kv k;oƒfi hurdf 2g gj yp jkr ur a s X s X X X a 1 T s s s df ];df kjk'b Bkd kucf ];nf jc[ Nd kucf 2g kgj yp utk;kv Ikjof s s s q , s kurdf ]s;df Nd kucf 6g kgj yp jkll kLc kurdf ]s;df Nd kucf udfy q , a \ q s 2xX;kt hg je ]sx;kt hg Ief eg kr xjd u Nd jn hLkF eg jxv s X s s X q s s\ df g krxy eg df g jH urb l yk;[ d o®rd eg jkv 4g krdkj yk; , X T s s s s 1Z , , s [ kd o®rd go 4g krdkj hg; hH kd ke®k;≤i ]g krdkj hg; hH kd hiki 1Z , s s q , s s 4g kr , dkj jH jkdgv g; ]g;3g kgj jd e 4g krkpgi ;≤i u ]g krdkj iki u s a wa T , qa q , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 112 egaP

4g krkuc rnk , X v henkv kyko e;uf dfk;D ]krdl Cgu pgi Cgd hHd henkv kyko e;uf X qa 4srpgi Cgu Cgd hHd hlk;ül7/kl Syflb 4g rkg e;uf cl d hlk;üal7/kl qa a q T s s s q 4hx;kt kg nCu knk;† jGf kr kxMkt kl hHv jkv 4g kvg Cgu ;el k s s s a s , , q jse hHv ]Cgu hHv df kgd Cgu uXkgüm tkv 2s;x kl 0c skr h;kv nCu tkv s s q 2F jkpof cl ; ]Sgfkp kuOm rDo urb jkv Sgfkp kukl rDo urb jkv s s s , s s , Sgfkp kukl jn hurb ygi dlb 4kF jkgo;ønl kygi hH Fkl d nCu g; s s s s s 2s;x kl ]h;kv nCu jGf s 2k;yf jd utkH ]g dhO ]hF hxy [H kd 0c 4Om 0c tc gN7pki gcql s , w s q s q s a 2g hryp ''fkd hd , s ukiNf kdlm ]g jrhH kt go 4kx[j eku krktl Syf d gkd henkv kyko s s , s s q s s rfkt hNπv 4kxkg kgj eku krktl Syflb ]hF Bg Cgu kni l rfkt hNπv s q q , s go 4g rjd ''fkd hd ukrc e eku kdlm ]rkg Cgu eg kt 4g rkg Iym T s s s X s s s s T s s s eku cl jkeg k'eg 4hr[j Cgu eku krktl kr Cgu ]hF –' go df g kr s s q s w , kt yp kri llm 4kdlm kF eku krktl 2g ukd r df Cgu hg kNi u 0c s q , , w w s q 4Sgfkp utkH Syf d [H 4g –' Bkd u S s s w , w s yf d [wH 4Cgu hrukt Nd kr [H Bkd go ]g k;D ]k;ky u,kd 4k;kuc ul s q s w s , s df ]g krukt jkdgv kd henkv Glf go 4k;kuc u <‰kc df k;kuc u –' , a Z s z s w df hrukt Cgu ydycf [H dfk;D ]k;ky ukd df kNi Cgu u 0c ]g –' q w X , w s q , w kr krktl 4k;kv Bkd 2g BkuOfd hH elm ]g krkg Cgu Fkl d uoht jkg s q s , X , s s o;ø yjl 4k;df jkgo;ø yjl Fkl d utkH ukgüm ct ]kF kdke kygi g; s s s X , 4hy y jh[ su 0c3ky df kgd u Ii kr 4jh[ g h;ky ]kg s q s s s s wa d u hdLy lm 4hF hxy [wH ]F Oc sphu d {o 4g kujd Cgu Nqd 2k;yf s \ s s , s 1 , jd rgc "o gN ]kgd cv 4F s;x dF 4k;nf LkN kujd u 0c l unf lm q Z s s\ s q s 4g krLi ku[j cklgf kd lkoim ]g kr[j Cgu , \ , cklgf Bkd kd [H Syflb 4g hrkv l ukoxH go 4g hrkv ikv uiv go ] s w , s , s g Cgu hH Nd klt ujd d tkjkge elm 4g hrxy [H dfXk;D ]hLi Cgu r , q , s s X , w \ jWt Bkd hd ukoiN kdlb ]g hgj xy [wH hurb kd tkjkge ukyG udfy s s s , s s s 2;df lkoim surb u tkjkge ukyG df g rkiN jc[ e kjkc[v yko uj s s s T s X X s s d lkoim Syflb 4g krkg rcte jkdgv llm 4g kvg k;df kjkeg kujd , s w a s , q dfk;D ]g krdl kg Cgu ;H hHd kd ue e ujd jkv 4g krLi kujd lkoi X , s s X s , , \ m ]gj uk;÷ 4g hrxy [wH 4g krLi kujd lkoim 4g hrLi LkF hukxy [H s , , \ , \ s s\ w 4hF hxy [H w 4g k;nf LkN cl sukgüm tkv 4rgj lkoim skr hrkg h;kv go hHd unf sj , s\ X s s s ln ]0c 4g kyduf l Lk> jkv g kvg Uli kron ]h>el jd[n kd 0c w q , s \ , , q z s s s q s kr h;kv kgo >kl ct jkv 4Syf d kron d Lk> lm hF huke hrkue Nd a a , s s s \ , q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 212 egaP

go j,kv 2g gj jd {Hf dum hg o ]k;df ukgüm dr ykl gN kt go 2u T s q s s s X s s 0c k;df k;D df g rgd o kr 2g rjd ''fkd yko u>el kd 0qc udfy q T s s s T s s s s s s 4g kyef l ujd7u ]g kyef hH ct , s s , 4g kryef l ujd7u ]kxsyef Cgu l sujd ]xy ugd e nkc 0c cr jkv , s s s s s X q , 4k;x kg jkv kF Cgu hg kgj jd Nd e dfk;D ]Cgu hg kF e kr tkv 4kF s , q T X T s Cgu hg k;df Nd ue dfk;D ]g ydæfe kugd ]kyef ld tkv 4kyef Cgu q s T X , q s , s s l ujd ''fkd rgc kr lo dfk;D 2kyef ld ]Ni re g; ]kgd u 0c kr s q s s , X s , X w s q s kyef ld df ;kv uNi xky ct jkv 2kyef Cgu l ujd '' s , s s w s , s s fkd ykl gN 2k;x yef go jkv ;x kg L[ 0c jkv kcL kjkr hj[fkv go s , s s s \ q , w 4F O,c hyk[ 4kF u kuki Nd 4hF s s q ke®kv Bkd u ]kF ke®keji Bkd u ]kF {ke Bkd u ]kF u/ Bkd u ]kF ' s s s s s ; Bkd u ]kF ;†kj Bkd u3Sgfkp kugd kdltf ]F jkdc ydycf cv 0c s s s s s q q 4g krjd Nd u Nd 4g Cgu jkdc go ]g jkdc kt g; 4jkdc yd , q q , s , s s s q ycf Sgfkp kugd 4kF Cgu hH Nd kd ujd cv 4hn LkN hH go tkv 2hd q s s s\ <kouf ]hd {ske hF hy Ldi Lkn h;u jGf 4kF k;nf LkN ygi ykl gN ]kF Z \ ,\ s\ s Nd kt '; ]u/ cl go 4sygi ykl gN F dp LkN kr ]go F Bkd ktkj q s s s q s\ s s s 4kpc u kd ujd Nqd ]k;nf s s LkN yk;[ kd sujd cl 4nCu hjgx hd rkj ]kd gcl kIkUl 4k;x krcL k s\ q w jkr dS7dS3gj r[n kd kjkr Sg rcL um jkv gj Li phu d {o hlm s s s s X q s w , s s \ s s 1 o 4e 'kdkv F chjd d ucL jkr hj[fkv ]hy[ [kv ]hy[ nCu chjd d s X s s s w s q a q s s tc pki gcl 4h;kv nCu ]s;x kl o rkj lm 2g krdl kg l ujd Cgu go a q s s , s s s ]kvg Cgu l ujd kt df kF Cgu hH kri güm 4kF k;yf jd rgc ykl gN q s s s X q 4Cgu kxWd Nd cv df kF k;yf jd ;r sukgüm tkv 4k;nf LkN cl ]kF k; a q X s\ df uXkgüm kt3cl 4k;nf Ls\kN cl ukgüm tkv 4;x kl ]h;x kv nCu kd 0c s s s X s s s q 2g hjkeg [H g; 2g hryp [H jd[n hL? go 4g s;x tc gjk;≈ k; , w , w s \ T g stc ku hHv dfkykg 2hx;kt xy [H kr xtc ln ct kdikv kr kg u T , a s w s s X s s s kri kdikv jkv hn jd Nhi kI? dS u hldf hL? jxv 4g [H hjkeg go s , s a s \ , w 4kd utkH k;x kg ;el ]s;x tc ln dhO ]g rgd jd[n kd hL? eg slt s s T s s s \ , 2g hH [H e_fÎ hjk T s w eg jGf kr Cgu 4g hd ke®keji kt hxyef [H go cr 4kukt Om kr ]Cgu s , s s w s gd [H ct 6kuy k[ kr ky k[ ]gd [wH ct 4kuy jd kr ky jd utkH ] s w s s s s s s s s gd jhj' ct 4g hd ke®keji kt hxkg /çyim nCu go cr jkv 4kuxkt sl s , s s , Gjr huiv u ]kukl l Gjr huiv u 4kOm ]xgd <ki jkv jhj' kr kx;kv s s s s X z , s s rDo kd uxkt jxv jkv 4kvkt kl ]g gj gd <ki ]g kgj gd jhj' kr s , s s T s z , s h;kv nCu ct 4g krLi kuukt Cgu eg kdlm 4uiv g rkg e;uf d okHo¬ , \ X s s T s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 312 egaP

`kgd k;x rkjdl ]gj rxkt x a q s s ky jH rkj ]s;x kjc? rgc kr jGf 2kF Cgu hH Cgd rkjdl 4CF h;x kv s q s q chjd d ukg nc ukdn udfsy 4ktk[ e jktkc 4g kgd go df g rrfpV hH s s s a X q s X , a T n[ eg ]kLi Cgu h;k[nf jH unf rkjdl ]kgd ukgüm 4kF Cgu e j? d q \ q s X X s X k_ef ]ktk[ j? d k_ef 4ktk[ gxt cl 2g kgd rkjdl df s;x kg uk'ji s s X s , a q s s xky d jH j? 2k;x kLdi kL[ phu d Li dS jH rkj rkjdl rkj dS s s \ \ s s s\ q 4 g krdl L\xcf k;D kr kg hH jH rkj jkv ]I? kn7I? phu d {o hldf 4; , s s , s a s s a s s 1 X kt Oc ji jr¬cf 4n yp jdOm hH Cgd kr kg ue Cgu 4gj Oc ]g ikv akg , X s s X s , T t kr kg ue kdikv 4g Cgu /cl Bkd llm ]g thp LcLx hLc hH /fof j s s , a a s s , \ \ \ , kv 4xOc ro/fof eg kr kg; jGf 4kx;kt gj kIkUl uke jkv kx;kt cL s X , s a s , , s w hH kjkr hj[fkv jGf ]sx;kt yp rcL jkr hj[fkv jh/7jh/ kr e xsk;i lb X s s w s s s s X z 4l u s s kt kg L[ ]Cgu l utk[ 6l udQ ]Cgu l uLkn 6l kI‘pæuf ]Cgu l kI‘p 6 s s \ s s s s s s s ,\ s s s s l edv ]Cgu l ed 6l u®;i‘uf ]Cgu l u®;i 2k;yf ki ueg hg lo ]Ytf s Z s Z s z s z s s , hn LkN sueg hg lt jkv 4sxyp Cgo ]kgd ueg ]hxn ukt kgt Skog 4x;k s\ s , , X s X s a a s X t j/b df hn LkN Ytf huiv ueg 4kyp ]kgd ueg ]Cxy ukt y kgt Sko s\ s s s s s a a g 4k;x kg kRi k[l e ]kgd sulm `k;ki ld ur ]kNi u hldf l sl®kvky s w T s , s w w s s s 4g krkt jxf sphu kRi ]g hrn kjxf phu Skog 4g krkt Om j , T s s a , iM kRi ]g hrsn kOm e 'kdkv aSkog 4g rkt yp epæfi Ri ]g hrkt ep T X T s s s T æfi Skog 4g rkt syp cji Ri ]g hrkt cji Skog 4g rn LkN e kvkog a T s w s T w a T s s s\ X X Ri [l lt ]kun LkN lS kd suiv 4kun sukg lm ]kg kt 4kuy ykc sl kr“ s s w s , s s\ s s s s s s s s s s X jn kr kg krykc u Bkd jxv kr kg ue kd uykc ct jkv 4kuykc re kr s s s s s s s s , s s kuykc df gd k;ufn hjkl gkp kr kg ue kd uke ct 4kukt kg uke kg ue s s q s s s , s , s kd uke ct ]kuy ykc kr kg ue kd uykc ct 4kukg re hH uke l Gjr , s s s s s s s , s huiv ]re hH kukyc l Gjr huiv 4kukt kl kr ;kv nCu ]kuy k[ kuk[ q s s s s s s kr sxy [H 4Xn ukg ]g krkg kt e kunf uhr ]Cgu hg kujd Nd 4g kusn L w s s , s s X X q , kN hg yk;[ kd ujd jkv g kukOm end jkv hd ujd7u e ykd xsk;i lb s\ s , , s s X z 4krn Cgu h;k[nf go S s yfhlb ]kg rgj >ym e ujd er 4hg g kr go ]g jrhH kt dfk;D ]g hrk s s s X s q , s , s X , s g l sujd7u k'eg go 4hrkg Cgu hHd l ujd go ]kjd ykl [ky gN gkp s s s s s s s k; kjd ykl gN gkp 4hF Bg Cgu hHd e ujd go 4hF Bg e ujd7u go s s q X s q X s ]kuI? hF Bg kt 4hF h;x dp rkc go udfy 2kF k;df go ]kF k;df g; q s w s 2kF k;df lkoim 2e k;ufn hjkl g kgj yp go ]kF k;df ykl gN kt go X q , s `cyre k;D kd ujd s 7u dfk;D 2krkv Cgu e Ldi hdum kr go ]kF k;df Cgu rkj hj[fkv kt X X \ s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 412 egaP

3;kOm [kv Gjr hd 'kdkv k; Gjr hd kRi jg d k{o k; [n Gjr hd X X a X s s X 1 X s k<jdf Glf `g kcn henkv sphu d jF®i ldf ]ji Rpf d ;‘ue ,g >kc X Z , s s q s kl7ukd 4g >kc dS ]okp[V dS ]okur dS o®rDf;ø kji kd ;‘ue df g; , , s w q go3g krLi Bk[nf ;ƒr dut;pækv hg rgc dS ji u[n Gjr hd ;‘ue , \ Z q s s q 4xn ukv slm ]g s X s , kgj kv kt jkv 4sxn ukg ]g kgj kg kt 4sxgc e ykdxk;i lb 4g krkt uc s , X s s , s s X X s z , k/kc kvg k;df hH Nd kgt ]sx;ki Cgu dp ji tkojn lm kr ]g Cgu >k q q a X w s s , s c Nd e hxntf jkv 4g gj kt Lm ]dyg endS 4g kugc Xe ykdxsk;i lb q X a , T s s \ s , z 4Cgu kujr3kugc , 4g ekd dS kujr 4g rnkv , , , dS kujr 4g rjr e hxntf eg 2g kgj kt kyp krjr kgo go ]g kujr G , T s , X a , , a , , jr jkv Cgd kd hldf 2g kgj kt kyp krjr kgo jkv ]g kujr Gjr hd h , s , , a , , , y¥nf kd hldf 2g gj jr ]g rjd ∂Gf hd sujr e hxntf eg kr tkj jkv s T s , T s , X a s s , 4[j ∂ X Gf hd sugc e ykdxk;i lb 4g krgc3;kt y kgt hnu ]g Cgu eg 4g htk X s z , s s a T T j eg ];kt y kgt hnu ]g krgd go 4Cgu krjr ]g krgc jkv g krkt nd s s a , , , , , w henkv kjln dS 4g krjd ''fkd hd upgi jdjr go kr ]g kupgi slm w , s s qa , s , qa ]g krgd go 4g krLi kujd Nd lm e ujr ]g krjr henkv dS Xe huki , , \ q s X s , , , 4g Cgu kujr ]gj , , s uk;÷ 4kg kgj gc e huki henkv Bskd l,t ]e ykdxk;i X;ht gjr lb jkv s X s X s z , 4jgikn ]rkj ]gcl3X;kt Oc hH Cgd ikv 4n LkN ji ukg cl go ]kxgj s q , X s\ s s s krkg cl ji rDo 4;kt Oc sphu d Lk> kr ;kt kg ue jkv X;kt hHv ikv s X , s \ s s s , 4k;x kg rkj tkv ]kdl kg Cgu l ujd kt udfy 4k;df Cg s s s s s s u Nd ue jGf dfk;D ]kvg k;D Cgu kri jGf jkv phu d Lk> kF kvg kL q s T X q , s s \ q [ jdkv yd 4h;x kg rkc hd ujd7u rkj ]rgc kr k;df ]kgd su rkjdql \ s s q s `gér k;x kg k;D `F gj k;D jd eqr 2gj Oc kg; lki jk X q s s s s s , a s gér ld eg ]kg gj Cgu hg [sn er df k;ky¥pf u kxky kr kLi yp Gjr q s , s s q s X s s \ hd j? go jGf ]k;kv yduf tjl ]h;x kg gcl 4kyL ]kygf rkjdl jGf w s q q q 4g krkt , Oc jdkg rk' ;o¬ kr ;kt hH henkv rk'v lki d henkv rk' rgc jxv , s a a s s a s a q 4kF rk' kurb go dfk;D ];kygf lm jdkt lki dlm df hL\i a X X s s u reégf hd hldf 4;x Oc ikpip jkv u kxky k[n lm 4;x xky d j? s , q , s X s s s s s s 2l jH rkj g s , kL[ e rykg hlm go jGf 4Cgu df g hH kuN kdlm df g krxy jL eg \ X , w s , X jkv 2g kgj [n kd 'kdkv go jkv Cgu hrdi> dyi hdlm 2g h;x jgO , , s s , T X a [kv hdlm jkv g kL[ phu d {o dS go df hn jc[ u hldf gcql7gcql , , \ s s 1 s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 512 egaP

ukd ]kg rjd rkc hd ;†kj d xo¬ er df kNi l llht u hldf j,kv 4sF , s s X s Z q w s s s \ L[ phc d LhH lm e jktkc lm llht jkv hF LhH rgc e jktkc dS s \ X , \ q X 4k;kv ji hoƒi unf ltf ]kF unf lm kl 1 t ]"knuf hg kl,o ]yjl hg klo ]g krkg kpπc hg klo rDf;ø hH <{ rje , ∆ , , s , s s , Z kr g jkHuf jxv ke®kv jkv 4hrkg Cgu hPc hHd ke®kv kr g jkHuf jxv , s w\ s , Z ue udfy ]kxkg kPc kr jhj' 4;kt kg oHlv kuht df kukt cn l >kc u s s w\ s s s a s s s rb g cyre kd ikPc 4g rjd kØdb >kc kd jH uoht Pc jkv g Cgu > , s q\ T s s s w\ , , kc Bkd hHv jiM d pπc3dS Glf kr g jrav Bkd jxv e Pc jkv pπc s s s s Z s , s X s w\ , s 2rkg Cgu s s ed hHd o ]g rkt syp rkPc güm eg jH uoht Syflb ]hH eg jkv hH s T s s \ X X , kd jln rLi Cgu Bk[nf o dfp jkv 2g Sg [j eg hH go ]g rL\i Cgu s s w s \ s wa , T q s T s h;k[nf kt ]g hH >kc lsS udfy 4g krdl kt k[j phu l huklkv rgc s T s s s , s s q jdjkrm güm ]g Cgu dkujr[ rgc >kc so ]g rLi h;k[nf kt ]g >kc slS X T q s T s \ s T s s 4g Cgu >kc kyko u[nf go ] , s s T q g Sg Syf >kc kt eg jkv 4kF >kc kyko su[nf go dfk;D ]g Sg Syf ji s s , s X , q jlf uiv go df g krLi h;k[nf kd d;®i >kc go udfy 4kx[j ukd kr s , \ s s z s s s , s kx[j Cg wa u jxv >kc kuiv df g kd henkv d hLkx Bg hrxkH lm kt ]g yk;[ hg s , s s \ q s , o hH kdcl eg jkv 2g Sg [j ji jlf uiv eg lm ]g rdl [j jdjkr s , T q s s s T s m phu eg ltf 2g O,c Sg [j ji jlf uiv kd >kc uiv7uiv eg udfy s s T s q s s s s s s s ]kxgj kryp uoht kjkl ]g kgj kryp uoht kjkl ]g kgj yp uoht kjkl s , , 2g Sg [j hg ji jlf kd >kc uiv go udfy ]g hgj kt , q s s s s s , y hH kd >kc ]g hgj kt y hH kdlm go ]g hgj xkH hLkx 2Sgfkp hujd s s s , s s , \ hg n[ kol huiv df l yk;[ lb ]g Sg [j ji jlf go kd >kc lm ]k q s s , q s s s F krdl Oc l ekjkv jd[j sphu go kd >kc ltf udfy 4g jkol hg ji , s s s s , hLkx hH >kc go 2Sg [j >kc ji jlf uiv ]kF jkol ji hLkx hH n[ go \ s q s s s \ q `[j > wa kc Bkd k;D ji hLkx e 4g kr[j ji jlf hg uiv >kc kuiv e ]kgd ulm s s X \ T wa s s T s 4g kuy jd hg ;o¬ Nd cl df g krkg yk;[ g; güm 2 , s a q , s X g rkg d e¬df dol;o¬ henkv Nd 4kF henkv kd e¬df dola;o¬ Nd go T s s s s a q s q `_ef kg gj jd k;D df krNwi sllm s s hH Bkd 2kF Sg [j ji jlf uiv hIi huiv ]jr¬cf kuiv go 4kF k[j j s q s s s d klS hg ekd ulm 4kF kr[n lm l hukjg ]kF kryduf l chjd d hen s s s s s , s s kv lm hH kt 4kF kvg kOc henkv dS jrhH d uI Bg hrLkn l htr dS s q , s ≠s q ,\ s s 2g okur dS ji ue d , s ;‘ue 4g Cgu okur Bkd Cgd ]g kruhg>kc gxt cl ]g Cgu >kc Bkd Cgd q , s , s , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 612 egaP

X keüt ruv ji henkv dS 2g >kc kdcl um ]g hOc jrhH e <je¬ SkFd a , s T , X a hd keüt uhgrv ]sxgd o ]g rukt kt udfy ]kd eüt lb g nk; kr Xeg X a X s T s s s , s jkv 2g uhgrv yd jkl ; jrhH jkv 2kF k;df ukeiv u hldf yd jkv , T a s s , s , kF k;df uke él su hldf yd 2k;df ei u hldf yd jkv hn hykx u hldf yd 2,g k;y zs s , s f Ldi sulm lm ]g k;x Oc jdLdt kdlm go ]kF kvg yd kt kd henkv \ s , , \ s q s s 2g , kri skd henkv Glf 6g kri Nd kd tjl u ]g kri Nd kd 'kdkv u ]kF Z , q s w , q s kvg g; yd df Cgu kri hH Nd kd k{o ub 4g hrkt Ief jkv g hrki C q q s X 1 T , T gu hH uc aSk[j Bg huc ji grl hd uoht lb hg lo ]g hrkt Ief jkv s q s , T , Crki Cgu hH uc aSk[j Bg hLi e huki l,t 4kdp kg go ]Nd kF kvg yd s q \ X s q s q q 2g kvg kOc ji jlf jkeg gjr hd jF®i kjkl , q , s kd kjkl go 2g rpfl e rfe¬ hjkeg udfy ]kxyef Cgu l tk[ Cgd go , a X 1 s s s s s cv 4g kdp gc cl go jdLkN kd rfe¬ hjkeg ZGlf 4g Cgu hH Cgd go c , q s\ s 1 , v ]g kdp rhc go ]g Sg ;df kØdb eg lm ]k;x rhc kt ]rkc kr hygi , q T q s s s s 4Sgfkp hukv e jkpof jkeg dy> hl7hLkF hd k>kc um 2g Sg Sy X s s\ X s T q f >kc d gjr ldf eg df Cgu hg kri eg udfy 4hxkg Cgu BkuOfd hH kj s s X s s t e sun [j phu eg jdjkrm güm kr ;kt kv e >el hjkeg >kc d Rpf X s s X X s X X s s 4kxn [j phu jdjkrm ]kx;kxy Cgu jsn e ujkrm go jGf ]g uiyx s s s X s , ki r;kguf g; df ;kt jH [nf g; lm `Wkrm lb e df kxNi g; go k; s s a s T s w D `hxkg BkuOfd Bkd e sun jkrm jr¬cf jkv hIi l ji jlf lm k;D kr s s X s , s s s s g kgj jd h>elku df ;kt yp kri g; jxv ]g Sg Syf jr¬cf7hIi ji j , s , q s lf jdOc e hLkx kt kd henkv lm 4g hjWt kuy >el kLkF kd k>kc ub , X \ s s , s s\ s X s 2g rkt gj hg >kc ]g kdp je kd hHd kr henkv sr T s s , q s je7rje Arrv 4sx;kt gj hg >kc ]x;kt cn ikv df xX;kt kg kni urb > s a X s s X s s , s kc so 2xX;kt yp r[j tkj ]g gj kt yp r[j hH tkv 2g gj yp jd[j s s s s s T s s s T s güm hg ikv df g Cgu hg kri kdikv 4g Cgu k[j jiM dikv u hldf kd X , s , s s s Xk>kc um 4g oHlv kr sx;kt kg I‘ofi e jk} d uk;÷ df kg rpskl Sg S s , a s X s z X s X s q yf kd k>kc um 4g oHlv kr sx;kt kg rk' df kg rpkl ikv jxv Sg S s X s , a s X s a X s s q yf kd k>kc ub jkv 2g Oc Syf eg kt ]g hH >kc kl7uktuv rgc udfy s X s , T s , s , s q s 4g knky Cgu ukgütf >kc d , s X s jfrkv udfsy ]g ;x yp xkv e em kt df g g; cyre kd rfkH hd pπc a T s s s X z s , a s 4sxkg rfkH hd pπc kt o ]kgd u llht ]xkg pπ X a s s s s s X s c o df kgd Cgu g; u llht `kd ukg rfkH hd pπc g cyre k;D udfy s s s s a s , s 2sxkg rfkH hd pπc kt ]o ]kgd jkv ji s/d uiv X a s s s , a s kd spπc IkN dS k;kOm u llht kr `kd uki kd ;†kj lm hjkd/fv kxskg s s s s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 712 egaP

4g jkted rgc ]nukv ]k"kH hd henkv 4g kry Ldi ji jdkj , s q a , s \ , xf lakv l k[kv kr g gj yef Cgu nç' jkv g kgj gkp kugd Nd henkv w s X a s T s , , q g; hH cv ]nukv kg r[n ]kgd su 0c 2n jd ke{ >e ]jdkjxf wlkv ]j a s s s q X s q a dLdi kd kji kxy sugd l 0c jkv g k;kv uxke ke{ unf jln 4kdl Cg \ s X , s q , , s a s w u kl go jH rkj ]g jH lkv e k[kv hdlm ]g k;x Iky liko henkv go s T s w a X X a , , `kF k;x pc kd ugd k;D3gxt lm rkg ikv `_ef g kug s s s s , d Nd df kNi Syflb jkv 4kd okH dlm k;x >el e jkv 4g krgd Nd q w , s s T , , q Syflb ]g jkted k"kH 2henkv go g kgj ki tk[ Cgu nç' ]kgd u 0c , s , s s q 2g krn [j jlf ji kji kr g krkt jH l jnkv Bkd jkv 4g , s X , s , s s , T s ryef Cgu nç' 4g Cgu cyre Bkd lo kd uy kxy l yx cv 2g kry k , s s , s s s s , s xy l yx kr g krkt Pc rgc ei kd hldf 4g rgd l gjr hlb jGf kr s s s , \ q zs T s s s kg rkt kg Felv nç' Nd ]kg rki jd u rD;øHfv Nd eg ct hHd jkv X s s Z q X s q , 2g /fof dS ]g xP dS , , a ]g k"kH dS hH kudF 4g krgd jddF Syflb ]g Felv e ugd kd knç' , w , w , Z X s s X df g /k∂ kurb e ue d henkv lb ]g kr>el e dr kgt ]kgd u 0c , s X s wa T a s q 2g , kugd Nd jkv df g gj gd g; ikv jkv ]Bkd g krdF ji ikv 4u hen q , T s , s , w s kv lb g k;df k;D g; df g h;x xy xkv e k<ki jkeg kF;üv ]g ip G , , X X z s T q Z lf l gto hdikv eg jkv 2g kdF u henkv lm 29g kugd Nd8 ]g srgd s , , w s , q T k;D ikv ]kxy ugd jkv kOm kg r/fk∂ rgc nukv {Hf kvg kOc e lki s , s s q a q q , X `g kugd Nd jkv ]g kNi u 0c jkv 2g k;x kg k;D jkv 2kg , q , , w s q , , s , s kvg u hH Nd l,t ]g k;yf Nki kd dF u 0c ]g ;x hg ikv df y >el q q s , X s w s q T s X 4g dofkHko¬ ydycf 2g krkg ue kd udF ji 0c kr g rkt kg , q , s s w q s T s s r/fk∂ eg 4g krxy ujd jgfkt kd kdefH hd o®rDf;ø jkeg o®rDf;ø kd s , s s w s 0c 4g hrxy ukjc? rgc kd jkdgv jkv /k∂ jrhH jkeg ]k<Qd hrgc q , s q s a , s s l jrhH d rDf;ø l,t 0c 4g krxy uk[nf kd jkd/av jkeg hg kukg kL[ s s s q , s s s s \ kd rDf;ø l,t 0c dfk;D ]g krkt kg <jkd kd ukeiv jkv kLhi Syf d s q X , s , \ s X s s q kxky l rgc hg kukg kdum udfy ]g rjd Cgu ukeiv kd hldf kr 0c s s T s s q 2g kugd Nd j,kv kgd l rDf;ø lm jkv k;yf Nki kd d , q s , X s wF lm l jnkp su 0c 2kF k;nf dF ulm e /k∂ jiM d 0c jGf 4CF hn s q w s X s s q a k;yfkx rgc ]kF kvg r/fk∂ rgc jdkv jiM d 0c henkv dS gcl dS q q s q s q q 4g kgj kP k;D e lm cv ]g Cgu hH C wa s X T s , gd go cv ]k;x rhc go ]k;x rhc kt df g hjWt kuy >el g; 4rki skg s , s s Cgu jZkHuf Syflb ]g cn eg sphu dlm ]g ji jlf jkeg go ]g ji hrkN T s s , s , hjkeg go ]g k;x kyp kruc jF®i rhrv 4g >kc kd rhrv 2g >kc kd , , s , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 812 egaP

4kxs;kt gc cl e jH I? 4xkg Cgu hgo gcl ]F kt dr yd ikv 4g Cgu cv ]go kF kt X s a s X q s s , s 3k;x gc huki kd kxax 2g kgj LkN Cgu kNhi go ]g oirH kt go 2~S ~y , s\ , Z w w s S ~eS ZoirH g krgj [yf ji Li uiv hH kr kg kgj ~S ~yS ~eS hHd h s w w , s , s s s s enkv `kF ukd yd e df g kri ]g rgd kr eg 4g srykHl kr eg udfy , T , T s s T a s s 4g rn kIg jF®i d rfe¬ kt ]kdum g krkg 'oi Xe uk;÷ T s s s 1 s , s s z 2g gj kt jH l okur jkv r T s s s , Lfhi ]uk'ji3g h;x cn phu d jF®i d rfe¬ kurp hd henkv hg slo ]x \ s , s s s 1 s , s X ;kt kg <ki ld kr kg kcn sphu d jF®i yG dS ]kpkl 4g Sg s;kcn kd s z s , s s s w s s , q s yG lm gjr hd jF®i rfe¬ 4g yG kr hxntf ]g yG kr henkv 4g krkt w 1 , w s a , w s , kg rÎof henkv llm ]kg k;nf kcn phu d jF®i kd yG dS lt ]g gjr s s s s s s w s , , hd jF®i rfe¬ jkv g gjr hd yG kr eg 2krync Cgu kt ]g >kc kd u 1 , T w s s , s oht ji jlf jkeg jkv g uoht eg 4g hrkt jgO ]Cgu hrync rfe¬ udfy s , T , 1 s 4g uoht eku kd hlm ]g kr , , kt kyp hg krync kt ]Cgu krjgO kt 4g ukero eku kdlm ]g krync kt s s , Z , s 4g krkt kyp krync <{rfi uk , z ero ]g krync Cgu rhrv Glf 4k;x rhc ]I¬ki hn g cyre kd Sg je 4k Z , Z , q s vg kje g krkg cyre kd rhrv 4krkg Cgu ukero Bkd kd Sg je ]g krk q , s s Z s q s , s g e rhrv kvg kje e ylv 4kF kt ]g krkg hgo go ]g kvg kje kt Glf X q X s , s , q s Z 4g hgo hH >kl ]g hgo hH jgikn ]g hgo hH gcl e ]k[n >e 4kx;kt wa a wa s wa q T s s s q s jxf ]kx;kt k>je jgikn ]g k;ki Cgu hH y[f hHv ]kg ;x kg yxki df s q s , s s s kxkg krgd go dfk;D 4g rjd kl'i hd yG kt ]jd[n kd kxky um kxskg s X T s a z w s s s X s krlg e ue jF®i go ]g kLi jF®i dS sphu d hlm ]g kry[f yG gcql a X , \ s , w 4kuync u g cyre kd Sg je 4kukt ync g cyre kd uoht , q s , 4g hrkt ync tkj Xthp kntV 4CF yd kt ]g hrkg hgo thp Bg hje Glf T s s T s X q Z 4g Cgu e go ]kF skt 4 wa T kF Cgu yd kr e ]Wd ke{ ld e ]kgd su 0c 4kg L[ Cgo ]F s;x dwF k s T a s , T q s s \ s s t gcl yd 4kg dQ ]dIv Cgo er ];ki gc Cgu er yd ]kg yxki udfy q s s s q s q s s `kg rxke ke{ lldf 4k;x ync kr cl ]k;x gc kr cl ]g Cgu h s s a s s s , go hH Bkd ]g hgo <jdf hd tjl u ]g hgo ynkc Xe 'kdkv u ]g hgo R s T X w T T s i e k{o u 4kF yd kt e ]g kgd go cv 4F ;x yef yd er lltf go X X 1 s T , a s s q s ]huki k;x go `ke{ kg rxke lldf ]hxgd kxx kr kxke ke{ j,kv kvkt s s a s s a s s a s er tkv 4g Cgu kgo kxx hgo cv ]F ;x lki d kxx ltf gcl er yd q , a a s s s a q q 4g k;x gc huki rgc ]g h;x gc kj , q , k/ rgc e kxax hrgc3g henkv kjln e 2l>qe3kg srxke ke{ lldf 2kdp q X wa w T s s a s q kt kt hd yd lm `kg rxke ke{ hd rkc ldf ]_ef ]kgd l henkv lm s s s a s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 912 egaP

4s;ki Cgu hg >el ];ki Cgu hg ul ikv dfXk;D ]kxLi h;k[nf /kjof jGf s q s \ s 4sx;ki >el ikv u ]sx;ki ul ikv u go ]g kgj gd hHv e kt kr g sOc X X q wa T s s T , jdLdi kd krkc hd ygi jxv jkv 4k;x gc cl go `g Oc jdLdi Sy \ s X s , T s , \ f ldf kd krkc hd ygi udfy 2kLi ewyke /kjof kLkF e krkc ub jkv hH s X s s \ s s\ X X , hd ygi jkv Cul rkc hd hHv hdikv ]kgd ukgüm j,kv s;kv je _ef dS s , q X s X s s 4g BkuOfd rg , q c jGf kr krdl kg Cgu g; jxv jkv ]Cgu >kc ji ue dltf ]g henkv s s , s s T kntV dS ikv kr g krdl kg g; jxv 4uc u e phc rfe¬ go ]s;kv u Xe s , s s X 1 phc jholr go ]kF kLi h;k[nf kdikv klt yd kt e jkv yef sl>e ik \ s , s T , X q v df kxkg oHl g; k;D `Syf e phc kd hykx lm xdl yef l>e ikv s a X s s X s q tkv k;D kr hF hn hykx kdikv sue yd jxv 4dufkKokue g hjln k;rf1e¬ s s T , s T w a 4Cgu >kc Bkd kdltf ]g rfe¬ Mkyp7ekd g; s s , 1 4g yko sugj d okx ldf ikv df ;kt yH ikv df g kgj gd Cgu hH g; T s s a X w wa T T s e 4g rgj ikv e j? ldf df ;kt yH g; ikv df g kgj gd Cgu g; Te X X w wa `kd k;rfe¬ um g Fv k;D `kd k;r X 1 , Z X fe¬ um g utk;i k;D ]g Oc ;df kØdb kd k;rf1e¬ hurdf ]Gjr huiv [ 1 , s z T s , s s X X n ikv 4rdl ki Cgu 'oi eg e jk} d uoht dr cr ]jrm u dr ct s s s z X s s okur go 4g okur kd ;‘ue go ]g okp[V kt phc d rkKv jkv rkK jkv , q , s s , , 4g rkKv uoht 4ji r , kK g hrdQ rfe¬ `rfe¬ jkv 4e rkKv ]uktuv3jkv xkv ]xkv g krxkH , 1 1 , X , s s , uoht 4ji rhrv g hrkt dQ rfe¬ 4Gjr hd Nhi g Ldi hd rfe¬ ]Gjr , 1 s , \ 1 hd xkv g kjk/ hd uoht 4h;x hyp hrjd hØdb rfe¬ hHl hH go ]k[sn N s , 1 d kt u okgc lm ]Sg jdv hH kt e okgc lm ]kukt hH kt u okgc lm q s s q q a s X s s udfy ]hxntf g okgc dS 4k;x kyp krync cl ]h;x hyp hrync rfk;† s a , s `xgj hgo k s X ;D `g hgo k;D ]F Sg kni kt ikv `g krje hgo ]kF krkg kni henkv kt T s q , s , s , s 4kryp Cgu kri Syflb ]g kjk/ tr ]g ky[J ]g rk>c lm ]kF k;kyt Cgu hHd , s , 1a T s q s s ltf 4g jkv ydycf go ]g rk>c kd ;hn ltf gcl 4hd urojfi hF ky , , q T s q s s q Z [J dS 4s;x syp ryt ;hn jln 4k;x gc jkv k;x >c hg >kl kr go ] 1a s s s w , q a s k;kyt k;hn kt >kl 4h;x hyp hrkv rfk;† h;u ]hgj hrgc hd rfk;† kjk/ s a s s jH rkj ]kgj krync k;hn jH rkj 4kync k;hn jH rkj 4h;x hyp hrkv rfk;† h;u ]h;x hyp hrkg kv/ kr rfk;† go ]h;x hyp hrync <{rfi kr s s a q s s z s rfk;† go `kF k;kyt >kl kt ]k;hn go g kgd udfy 4kF kyt >kl kt ] s a s , a s a s g krk>c k;hn hgo ]g krgd hgl kxsxy eg 4kF k;kyt >kl ltf ]g krk>c , q , X a s wa q s s kd ;hn hlm e cv df gd jdkt gcl jkv ;kyt k;hn dS Bskd >kl slt T s q , s a ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 022 egaP

`g gj yp ekn k;D k;D d T s s yokp e xdVhi ]kgd u hlk;ül lm 4g k;kv l xdVhi e ]kgd u henkv X s a wa s T s lm `kg ;kv l kgd 4hxX;kt kg sNhi rkc ; ]kgd u hlk;ül lm ]kNi g; s s s a s X s s a w s ulm kd hlk;ül ltf `g k;D ;®l kd uoht df g krgkp kuukt 4g k;kv s a , wa wa Xe tk[ hd ;®l e df kgd kdlm jkv kyef l hlk;ül go 4kdQ e eJkv s T s , s a X s d hlk;ül dS go jGf 4e tk[ hd ;®l ]kF kyduf kvg krtk[ jhdG dS a X s q s 4Xn jd kncf lm ]g kgj kP k;D e lm 4g kdp kg ]kdp kg kt df g hjWt ku s wa s X T s , q s q s s , y >el rkc g; 4g kgj Lkr l uoht kdeg tkv jdkg kL[ gjr hd jkoh s , s\ s s s \ n hjkH dS >kc kd rhrv go `g rkc hl7ukd hyko uLkr e henkv udfy s , , s s\ X s 4g jkr7nkp surtf ]g h{i urtf ]g /ki urtf T s a T s T s , s ]g 'i kurtf ]g kl¬gf hg kurm kd rfÎi lb hH henkv jkv 4g hrL\i h; , q , z , T k[nf e k/ki hl,t ]CrLi Cgu h;k[nf hry[f thp hlo 2hrLi Cgu h;k[nf X X , \ X , \ kry¥Gi hlt yG e hxntf hd henkv 4g hrLi h;k[nf e rfx hd ujgf d q z , w X a , \ X S kt ]hrLi Cgu h;k[nf rkc go e rfx hd henkv 4g hrLi h;k[nf e [k s \ X , \ X a v hd ;kx dS kt ]g hrLi h;k[nf Cgu hH rkc go e [kv hd henkv 4g s , \ X a , hrLi h;k[nf e yh> kt ]hrLi h;k[nf Cgu rkc go Xe [kv hd henkv Sy \ X s \ a flb 4g rje l >kc ]g rLl eg jGf 4g hrkt uc jokjl dS ]g hrkt uc T s s s T s \ , s , /kc dS ]g hrkt gj Cgu kjk/ ]g hrkt jgO ]g hrkt dQ hxntf cr jkv a , , , a , 4g rdl pC[ ikv Glf ]h T s Z rdl Cgu kt Nhi hLkx 4g rgj rpC[ kd hLkx Gjr hd Nhi yc d rhrv s \ T s s s \ s , s 4kx;kt je kr Xn s s [j ji lb jF®i kl7kjt hHv 4yekd jkv jkted ]l thc g kryduf jd s , s s , q v kl7kIkN lt ]g kd sukg hHv 4g yekd rgc kjk/ hd uoht ]hd xkv jg a s s , , s s , s q s 4g huto udfsy ]g jF®i 6g rwcte udfy ]g kne 4,g hye , , , s , Z q f güm rdkr hd jH uoht dfk;D ]g rcte ]g y,c d rfe¬ ]g yc d rhr X X T w T s 1 T , s v kt so 4g kyef güm yc kd jH uoht dfk;D ]g rcte yc d Nhi jkv s , X X T w , s s , 4e BkuOfd ;el ji ]h;x Li e Ghy X s w \ X dr hLkxyc go jkv 4Gjr hd sxkv yc d kjk/7uoht ]Gjr hd Nhi yc \ , , , s s , s d rfe¬ 2g hgj kt hyp hLkxyc Gjr kukn go jkv kg s;nf rkt yc Gjr 1 , \ , X s , X s , Xkukn e hLkxyc hg dS l,t hg lo dhO ]g krki kg Cgu ye e kukn ub 4 s X \ , s s , , s s X X s g krgj krxkH Gjr hd xkv uoht jkv g hrgj hrxkH rfe¬ Gjr hd Nhi , s , , 1 s 4kxkg kgj Ldi kd ukjd ]kd krhx ]kd jhokge ]kd 0c ] s s \ q q kd <‘Î skr Cgu kje 4kxkg kgj Ldi Nd jkv kd Nhi cr dfk;D ]hHd kxk s s s \ q , s X s g kul kdlm u 4kF kgd g; hHd df g Sg Ldi e ue udfy 4kxLi h;k[ q s T q s \ X s s \ nf Cgu /kjof Bkd hHd kr Xy >el l dhO nf; lm ]g kgj gd Te kt jkv s s s s s wa s ,
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044 fo 122 egaP

q n go 4k;x u'I¬ go jGf ]s;x o jGf 4g rjd jkd¬eu kd kxky ]g srkg j s s T s s X s T s kol ji u'I¬ ltf 4g Cgu hH Cgd ikv jGf 4k;x kr r[n Cgu ikv 4g d s T s s s , hO kr g r[n lm ikv 4g hrkt ]thp g hrkv ji ue 4g rjd xk;im gj s T s s s T X T T s s r hd <in kd ue so ]g rgkp kujd rfx e k;ufn hd uk;÷ xky kt udfy Z s T s X q s s s 4g k;x kyp krkg >kc ]Tg C;x , s s hyp hrOc jho¬r ji kjho¬r jGf 4Crkg Cgu hyk[ 4jho¬r hrkg Cgu kncf , X X s X s kgo 4g C;x hyp hrkg hØdb jholr hjln jiM d dS kgt 4g gj jd xk; a T s w s a T s s im gjr hd Isyî7kIkG kd Rpf uiv xky o ]g rxy uht e rfe¬ xky kt s s s s s T s s X 1 s s 4g hrkt rh , c 6g hrkt ]g hrkv jholr 4g kruc kntV <in jdLdi jholr 4g Cgu kr , , , Z \ , je <in 4g Cgu krLdi jholr <in 4kxMkuc Cgu hjln e cv 4jholr g Z , \ Z a w T ; kdp kuc e df krgd Cgu g; <in jGf 4g hruc jholr jGf elm 4g q T Z , X , krkv uekl kjln Bkd jGf 4g krkt kg hyk[ jGf <in 4g hrkt kg kncf h s w s , s Z , s H jholr ]g krkt kg kncf go jGf 4g krn kuc jholr hji hdlm <in kr , s , s w Z s g krkg Bkd uekl ct 4g hruc jho¬r tkj ji <in ]g krkg hH <Zin dS , s s s , s Z , s 4cv hgj u kntV 4 h;x je 4ji lm hrdl kt hLdi Cgu kIkG hjln cv jGf 4h;x kg ckj[ I \ s s w s s s s yî7kIkG ]k;yf Ldi ]kIkG dS 4g hrkt kg F;ø jdykduf kIkG dS lc u \ s s , s Z s s dfy ]g hrkg yh'unsol rgc ]g rn kxy Iyî7kIkG eg e jed 4gjr hd s , s a q T s s s s s X s , Iyî 7kIkG kr dS3g krjd ekd l gjr kn ue ]g k;df yk;[ uikv hHd s s s s , s s , s 4g , Sg Ldi kd ue l jkt urb ]hF yd kt hxntf dfk;D ]g hrLi k/kc e q \ s s s s s a X , \ X s s s u[n lm ]g tkv kt hxntf kr 2g kvg kOc gjr hd >kc ji Rpf dlb g , s a s , q , s s ; ]g Cgu kukrc Glf g; 2kF krkg g; kurb ]kF kryef h? jpi kurb ]kF , Z s q z krdcf kd jl urb yokp df g krkrc rkc hd uipc henkv 2g nk; gj s s , X T r hNπv rgc okH d yokp e xdVhi kr eg udfy 4 4g rkt kg rDqe sl q s X s X s T s s rhrv kt ]g krdl kv e oHuv d Cgüm yod ;®l dfk;D ]g hrdl kg Xrk s , X q s s X T s c Nd ler cv ]g dhO 4krjd Cgu rkc ler hd ;®l e skr rn krc okH q s q , s q T s s d yokp e xdVhi er jxv ]kNi jdukt sue ]kgd ulm ]klg hlk;üal go s X q w T s a 4g Cgu e xdVhi e udfy ] wa X T s okH Nd e xdVhi sxkg 4r¬kj d sxkv k; r¬kj d Nhi kr k;3g hrdl [sn q X X s s s s s s T rkc hg dS e ;el dS [kv 4g rLi h;k[nf y// Glf r¬kj d xkv kr X X a T s \ s qa Z s s s s gj hjH l kr¬kj yNif [kv jxv jkv 4g ujd jki r¬kj d xkv jkv >e X s X s X a , T s s s s , s q dfXk;D ]g krkt yH güm ]g krkt jtqx e l kr¬kj utf 4g kr[n Cgu jdIk wa w X wa T s X wa s , y kgo ]g kdqp LkN e l kgt jkv 4g kdp LkN xdVhi e udfy ]xkg gj a wa s\ T s a , wa q s\ T s s X s yp ekn d yokp jWt e xdVhi ];'kge ]kxy ugd go ]kF jhdG kt go s X s s
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rjc uer 4k[n ue go ]hd kol uer 4k[sn ue ]s;x ]s;kv xky jH unf 4 s q s s T s s q s T s krLi h;k[nf Cgu klt su[hl Nd >e dfk;D `aMkt e cv ]kgd ulm jGf \ , q s q X T s 4kF krye urjc jGf >kl 4kgj krn utkH 4kgj a s s krjd ekd jH unf go 4h/c hLkx hd hldf ]jgO IM d hldf ]/ac Lk? d a \ s a s s s s\ s hldf 4k;kv ukege kjlhr ]k;x ukege kjln ]k;kv ukege dS 4kgj krj s s w s d aSkol hd kxky jH unf henkv go 4kgj kr[n go jGf l gcl unf jlwn s X s s s q s 4g krjd k;D henkv g; df y [n kr unf dS ed sl e , wa s s d jkv Mkt dQ rkj ed l ed kr g k;x kv jGf udfy 2kxyef k;D kd , a s s wa s s s s u[hl llm ]krdl Cgu k[lf Nd e ]g krgd henkv kt ]kgd ulm udfy s q T , s s s 4g hjln rkc kr ]d , w s s l [hl Bkd 4krdl k[lf Cgu Nd kd hldf Bkd e k;ufn jkv 4g hjlwn r s q s s X q , , kc kr sxkdl [hl n[ er 4krdl Cgu k[lf Nd e 4kjgO kr ]kg ;kv ud s s q q q T s s s s fy 2g k;D kd su[hl lki je ]kxy ugd dyfke kd ;kjl go ]jknjgi go s , s s s s s 4g ktH kd u[hl Nd lki dikv , s s s q s su Qx je ]kgd ulm jGf 4kgj kr[n go 4Lk> jk} 4h;kxy hjkgc Xe kje q s s s s X \ q X d 4;df Gkl urjc sulm 4F s;x jkv jgO kg; ]kF k;df u kxky kt jH s s , s a s X s s unf 4kF kgj jd Gkl urjc dyfke kd ;kjl kr kpgi kgo ct jdkt >kl s qa a a 4k;x kyp kr u s s Qx kF kgd udfsy `kxyef k;D l yko[j d ;kjl dS kr kyef u Nd sl q s s s s s q hlk;ül sLc dS dfk;D ]hF Cgu kr k'kv 4k;x e ;kjl lm hlk;ül ko; go a \ X s X a q 4s;kt yef kgo go ]kdl yef Cgu kg; k a a s t n;k' ]>el l dhO lm ]g kyko[j kt go ]g dyfke kt go kd ;kjl s s , s , s ]gj jdkt kgo unf Nd ]jgkc d jxu g ;kjl dS df kgd u Qx dlm kr a q s , s q s s `aMkt kgd e cv 4kF k;kv utk[ ltf ]kyef Cgu kr go ]s;x rhc "o ]kgd kd a T s s s s Z s Qqx uiv sulm jGf 4hF kNπb hd suki kt go ]kdl ki Cgu Nd udfy ]u s s q s s lm hd ku/kl dr kljc 4kvg r{fhn e eJkv d hlk;ül dS ]rDf;ø kdS X q X s a 4g krn jd yef/ kd <in d Rpf ]kd , s w s Z s s Rpf jkeg >kc kd rhrv 4kF Cgu hH hHd kr <{ g;3g; `kx;ht ld < s s s s s , { lb `kx;ht ld hHv `ld kx;ht e tkv go ]k;x /c kt l yd srhc s s , s , s X a s s jkv `g krdl kg ld ;k;ü Fkl d ukero kr kg Ldt rgc Fkl d rhrv , , s s , s Z s s \ q s 4krdl kg Cg s u ;k;ü Fkl d ;u kr kg Ldi knk;† rgc kt Fkl d ukji 4g krdl kg C s s s s \ q s s s q , s gu ;k;ü Fkl d ;u jGf kF;üv ]Sgfkp kukt kg kncf kd kjho¬r hyNif kr s s s s X s 4g hy kuc jholr hdum ]g xky jkv xkv , T s , s ]g k;ufn jkv xkv jGf 4kgj Cgu cyre Bkd llb ]Cgu k; hH g Xe k;uf , q , s s s ,
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4g kgd ulm hg; ]g k;yf jd , s , Gkl hH kdlm gcl 4g hrkt et y/ hH hdum 4g ryp uil kr kvkt kl s q , w T s s s s s djd Gkl >kl 4g ryp uil jH rkj ]g hrkt et y/ hd kuil ji Rp s a T s s , w X f kd rkj 4kgd dhO ulm ]yxki ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg Qx go ]jhdG hgo s s s s a q 2k;nf jd Gkl jGf gc q X l güm ]hF h;x et y/ hLkF ji um ]djd Gkl F s;nf [j urjc kt rkj w s\ s s s s T ue df kgd hg kurb ZGlf 4kF Cgu kri >e kd gcl 4kF k;yf [sn uTe c s q q s l kr hdkc dfk;D `k;df k;D uer jdOm gcl df kF kNi ue ]kgd ulm s X s q q w s T s `Cgu kNi Nd llm ur `,g he w q s s w nkv kl,t <in go ]Cgu k[n sur `kd dyfke d ;kjl lm ]g r[n jdIky Z s w s s T s s , o ]g rkt jdLkN lm kt o 2kr[sn Cgu hH jdIky go kr ]g krkt kyp s T s s\ s s s , s , Bkd ct 4kxgj kOc Ldi kd hlb jH uoht 2g ei kLc kdlb lt ]g kr s s , s \ s , zs \ s , , xy lß kr g krkg uekl Bkd ct 4Cgu krLdt Bkd ]Cgu krLdi Bkd 4kr s s , s s s \ s \ s y Cgu Ldi kd hldf go 4g rHnv go ]g dyfke kt go kd ;kjl udfy s \ s , q , s s 4g krkt ]g krkv Bkd kgo ]g ;kjl go 6;x jkv s;kv ukege kjktg 4hru , , s a , s , s X c Cgu jholr Bkd ji Rpf dlm 4g gjr hd <in henkv go df k[sn uTe s s , Z s 2kxy ujd kol hdlm ]kF k;x kv kjln 2g kdp kt henkv go df k[sn s s w , q Cgu ji r¬kj hH jdIky kdlm kr k;x kyp henkv go jGf 2kg krjd ko s , s s s s l hd hlm jH uoht lt ]kxy ujd kol gjr lb hdlm go 2k;x kg Nd s , s s s q cl henkv hgo ]h;x Ief k;ufn lt 2k;x kg Nd cl Syf dlm e k;ufqn q s , s q s X henkv hgo lt kr ]k;kv henkv dS df k[n ue 2Fkl d ukege jln kt s , s s s T s s s w s ]k;df jkgo;ø hgo sulm Fkl d ukege dS df k[n kd henkv lm hH uTe s s s s s 4kF kjgO e ;kjl lm hH e rkj dS 4kF kyef hgo >e df X T s q Xk;D 4kF ktH jdukt ]kF ktH kgo gér ue 4g Cgu lki jkgér hg Rpf kyk s s a X q s T , s q o uki go dfk;D 4xkdl ki Cgu Nd hH Cgd er cv ]kgd u Qx dlm kr s X s s q q s q s s 4k;ki Cgu hH Nd q sue kgo `k;nf tH s>e kgd ]kgd jkv lki d Qx uiv k;x Iky liko go T a s q a , s q s , 2krukt Cgu hH Nd kolf dlb 3kujd kosl hd q s Xkxky ]kujd Gkl ukde ]kujd Gkl urjc kt 2Cgu hH Nd kd u[hl kgt s s q s s a ]k;nf tH lki d henkv ldf 2Qx kje g yxki kNπv ]kgd u henkv lm s s q s , s 4k;df Gkl güm jGf gcl kr kgj s;kl jH rkj 4hF h;x et y/ hLkF ji X q s s w s\ um ]kF k;nf [j djd Gkl kd kurjc utf rkj 4k;df Cgu Nd ]kgd ulm s s X q s 4kn krc jkv >qe kr go ]k;df k;D s , s s suer rDo lm 4Cgu kri >e go ]Om cd ]sOm gcl er tkv df Cgu kri q s q s q q s>e Glf 4k;yf [sn sue cl 4k[n ue go ]k;df Gkl ukde uer ];k/ u q Z T s s T s q s s
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gj yp sykr e hlm jkv g kntV jholr go `rjd Cgu k;D tkv er go ] , X , , s X q kF k;df ei >e rfkH ltf uer unf ygi df g hgj gd g; hu®i go 4g zs s q a s q s , , hjkt xke 4k;x gc huki kl7rgc e kxax 4h;x gc kjk/ ]k;x ync Nqd cl a q X 2g , hgj kg Igkync df g kgj [n Cgu kd hldf Bkd tkj dfk;D ]g gyd tkj s , s s s s X , s 2g hgj yp xke hd ygi ykl rkl hgo df3g kgj >e , a s , l hH rfi kd hu®i 2Sgfkp kukg hg klo go ]kF kyef henkv kt ygi ykl s s , s s rkl df g hgj >el kr hu®i udfy 2k;x ync hH rfi ]h;x ync hH hu , s s ®i df g hd rkc lb go ]g I>a> kt tkj 4g hrkg I>> tkj kd hldf jkv , , s s , s a s s , 2g rsy kyp ekd tkj l hlm hgo 4g h;x Oc jholr go ]Gn dS k T s s s , , s F k;yf [n 4g Cgu hg k[n suikv kr tkv dfk;D ]kxkg Cgu kri hH kdikv s , s s X s s 2g Cgu kri hH Bkd güm kdlm ]g Sg ugi k;D go tkv udfy 2sF sr , s X , q s s dl krc hH go ]kF k[j ugi k;D e ukd sulm 2F rdl krc hH yiîp hd X s s lm 2F [j ugi Lid ;7s; ulm ]sxy ugd jkv s;x Li e yk;[ jkv ;x s s s \ s s s , \ X , s Li e pkl Nd so 2h;x ync hu'kj hd jgp dum kr ]k;kynf nk; Xgüm u \ X s q s s s s s s e ct jkv 2g kntV ydycf jholr hd sygi ykl rkl go 4g rkc hd yg T , , q , s i ykl rkl go udfy 4kF k[n lm ct ue ]jkc hygi kF k[j ugi k;D7k s s s s T ;D sulm ]g krdl krc e go 4g kntV ydycf jholr kr go ]xy ugd o wa T , q s s s s 4hF Bg sugi hLkl hl7ukd g; cr ]kF k[sn kd h q \ , s dLy lb kGn hygi uer ct df kg rdl krc g; eqr k;D ]kNi lum uTe \ s q s s w s s 4g kgj jd ekd gjr hd Iyî7kIkG ]g kt d‘r¬fe , s s s , s 2k;x k[n Cgu lm jGf udfy ]h;x hyp hrkg h;u tkj 4h;x hyp hrync s s s s s tkj h_¬ go e ykl rkl 2g hgj jd ekd jholr hgo l cr 2ygi ykl s X , s s rkl go ]kF k;yf [n jkc dS kdlm 4h;x gj Cgu rjWt hd u[n kd hu s s s s s ®i huiv cv 4g krdl kg e yk;[ g; ]g Sg ugi hl7ukd hu®i hd lkL\i , s X , q s , s 2g Cgu Xe , yk;[ go ]g sugi hLkl hl7ukd go udfy 2g k[n ukgüm jH unf ]g e j , \ , s , s s X , X ? hu®i jH unf 2k;df Cgu yk;[ ]Cgu 2g ugi hLkl hl7ukd ]xy ugd o , s \ , s s s `sxkdl krc ]g Sg ugi hLkl hl7ukd hu®i hjkgér tkv df kNi du s , q s \ , q w kpv lum ue 4g hgj kg rkc hje lum 4F ;ky jd gkoof lm ]kF ei sl s s T , s s s s s s zs hroq; hldf sygi ykl rkl Bkd l tkv 4kF kjgO e j? dum ]g _ef dS s s T s T 2 krLi Cgu hg h;k[nf eg udfy `e sukt gj /c Fkl dlm ]g krdFkl hl \ X s X s a s , Z 7ukd `g Fv k;D kd u[j /kc kd >kc `kd y/ hd rhrv g utk;i k;D , , Z s a s s w , s z 4,g hjWt kuy >el kd y/ lb 4g rjd hØdb y/ eg kr ji Rpf udfy s s w T s w s s 4k;x kg cl ]lc kr ]s;kt kg <in dS Rpf jkv 4g <in dS Rpf s s s Z , , Z
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4hrkg Cgu k/kc e uk;÷ jGf 4g e s X T g kgt ]kgo Sgfkp kukg eg 4g h;x kg W' BkuOfd Cgo ]g ;x dQ eg akg a a s X , s q T s t jkv3g s;x dQ eg kgt jkv 4g ;x dQ Cgd ygi rgc eg 4g eg kgt , T a , T s s q T a ]g Cgu kgo eg 2Cgu hg rkt eg sxkv 4g rkt dQ Nhi cl eg df ,g u> T a s T s s ym hg dS hd hxntf hd k_ef gkp ]hd Ic gkp ]hd ke gkp k; ]hd hu®i a X s s s s a s k; ]kg hd rfi go gkp3g u>ym hg dS hdlm ]g I‘d hg dS kd k;ufqn s s , , 2g Sg Ldi kd Rpf jkeg kukji go ]rki [ , q s \ s s q s s n Cgu kd ;u kr eg udfsy 4g henkv kjlwn ydycf 4h;x hyp hrync jr s s s , q juf rfk;† go 4kF k;kyt e Ii ulm kt ]g Cgu k;hn go g; 4g h;kv y a s X s s s , , s jkv Cgd rfk;† hd hxntf ]kjk/ hd hxntf 4g kjln ydycf g; 4g k;u y , s a a , w q , q dycf g; 4hHd Cgu hg kF g; 4kF jkv Bkd go ]kF k[j e Ii ulm kdl , s X s s s tf df Cgu kri lm 2kg gj jd g; Fkl jkeg er jkv gl I‘d urb ueg s s s s q , s s s 4kF k[j e Ii suhge ku gér sueg df g hgj gd hH cv go ]kNi l krke X s , X q , s w s 2kF k[j e Ii uhge ku >r kr ue df g hgj jd rkc hgo hH X s s , s q s s T , X cv go 4kF kgj e Ii dlm kt ]Cgu hgo 4kF kIy e nskx hdlm kt ]Cgu X s s s s X s hgo 4kgo g henkv kjlwn cv 4k;x gc rgc huki kd kxx 4g k;x kg kLc a , q a , s \ kIc df Cgu kri lm 2dQ kgo ]dkj go kgt 4s;kt go ]kvkt ]gd go kgt s s s a s s a s s a 4jd hgo kIc ]n kKkv kt go df g hrgkp hH cv go 4kF kIkN go ct ] s s s s , s Fkl d Ic uiv g Bg hdQ ke 4g hgj ki uc Cgu hd gc jkv lkl Syflb s s s s , q a , w , 4g jgkc yd , q ycf d >el hdlm g; 4;kxy syx kd h_¬ jkv hldf 4[j jlf e nkx hd s s s , s X s h_¬ jkv hldf go df g jgkc d >el hdlm 2yef yx dlm ]s;kv hH ct , , s s s s 2kx[j jlf e nkx hdlm ]kx;kv hHd ct kIc ]g hr>el go 2g Sg ;d s X s s s , , q s f hjkt xke hg hukji huiv ke 2kxjxf e ezsi d h_¬ hldf go ]g k;x kg a q a s X s , s ukot kdLy df g Cgu kri kdlm 4g k;ky jd hnk' h;u kIc kdlm 4g ke \ , s , s , a 4g T hrkg eyke hdQ Nhi Xthp cl ]g hrkt ync thp cl 4g kvg kdQ Nhi c s w s T X , q s l 2g kvg kdQ ji jholr hukji ikc udfsy ]g h;x ync ]g h;x Pc thp , q q T T \ X 4g hg kIc go ]g ukot ld df g krxy kd ikc 4g , s , s , , s , k;x kg ukot go df g krxy kd Ic dfk;D ]g jgkc d >el hd Ic kt s , s s s X , s s s s ]g jk;r hH kd sujke kdlm jkv 2hF hd l Ic IkN uiv kt ]g kgj kt y , , s s , s s s s s s s , s p s;df rkc hgo Fkl dlm go 4kF kIkN kIc ct ]g kvg kjgO Cgo go 2g X s s s , q , k;x kg ukot kIc df kryp Cgu kri hHd kd ikc 4g krkt kg ukot kIc s s s , s s 4g Sg jgO Cgo cl eg 2ji k;rfe¬ hukji huiv g jgO kukn udfy 4g T q s X 1 q T s X s s , Cgu henkv hgo g; 4g henkv kjln ydycf hHv 4kdp kt henkv go 2g h , w q q ,
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2kF knl kt ]g Cgo e ]g rgd kr eg 2kF Xklj s wa T T s s i kt ]g hgo e ]g rgd kr eg 2kF yd kt ]g hgo kr e ]g rgd eg 2sr s wa T T s s s wa s T T s n sukg Cgu k;u kd uiv eg 2g Sg sxy ji ujd ukji kd uiv eg udfy s s s s T q s s q s s s 4Gjr cl g Bg h;kN kr;hr}fv 2;hr}fv g k;kuc kd yG dS7dS , q , s w ]kd Ri dS7dS 2;hr}fv g k;kuc kd henkv dS7dS 4kd ukdp kd uke s s , s s q s él lb g Cgu ;kim Bkd 4rdl kdp Cgu hH Nd eg e ync d ukeél lb , s s q q X s s 2Cgu cklgf Bkd kdltf ]kd henkv dS7dS g k;nf ukeél kurb u joæB s s , s 4g ikv ydycf ikv lc T q 4sx;kt ;kjgkn hg u jkv g ;x Cgu s;kjgkn ikv 4g kOuv henkv dS7dS X s s , T s s , w 4kxMkg kn,i Cgu hHd jGf e udfy ]xkg kni xky a s T s s X , s ruv7rauv j,kv 4Cgu hHd e udfsy ]g Sg kni xky ruv e rxt uhgrv a T T q , s a X a lb 4g kOwuv e 4kxkg eyke kd ue gzxuv kurdf unf lm 4kxkg u ]kF hH wa T s w s q s d u kl,t je Bkd 4g kOwuv e ]kxyp kri g; unf hldf 6g Cgu hg ; ikv s s s wa T s T wa 4g rdl kt tk[ Cgu hH henkv kn lt dS 4g rdl kt tk[ Cgu hH T s s s s s , , s s s jF®i kn lt dS 4g rdl kt stk[ Cgu hH Ri kn lt dS 4kxkg Cgu kjkc s s , , s s s s s , s n jGf ]kvg kGn dS k/ki kt 4rdl kg kni Cgu l7dS henkv [ky udfy q q , s s s , s s 2g hrkv yduf T hl7dS ]jkd [ky 2g hrkt hyp hryduf tkj jkd hgo lc ]g hrkv jkd h X T s X T X d LkG lt 4g k;nf jd kni ekj dS k[n df jd kni hg jholr hukji kr Z s s , , , s s s , q s go 4g ;u ydycf ikv dfk;D 4hHd krjd Cgu hg kni kdikv ];kt kyp T s q X , s s krjd kni kd ukoxH <‘Î ]tkj7tkj ;kt kyp krjd kni kd ht–pekj kr , s s s s , s a s Cgu 4g krki jd kni Xthp h;u tkj kr Syfhlb 4g Cgu kvg kdQ ke®keji , , s s , q 4tkj kd ke®keji ulm k;yf ki ]tkj kd s hxntf k;yf ki u henkv kr ;kt uc <in jkv s;kt kg hyk[ tkj7tkj ue a s s s Z , s s s 4kx;kt uc <in jkv kx;kt kg hyk[ ue kr 4kxs;kt kg kncf go jkv s Z , s s s s , ]kxs;kt xt ei jGf kr s;kt kv uekl go kjkcn ct 4g hrkt kg jki thp zs s s q T s X cl 4hrdQ Cgu Cgd hxntf dfk;D ]kukt kg jki jGf jkv 4g <{ sd ei3 a X s , T zs kjd ei ct ]ky jd kji 4g krsy jd ei jkv 2kry jd ei jkv ]kry jd s zs s w , zs , s zs , s ei jkv3lm hx;kv nk; hd Nhi jd Iky7Iky 4kxjd kNhi hg kurm 4kx; zs , s s s , , s s kt gj kdIv hg kurm ]kx;kt gj kj/v kurtf 4xkdl kg rDe hg kurm ]k s w s s s q xdl kg kji kurtf dfXk;D ]kuy jd kji ]kdl jd ei kurtf jkv 4g k;d s s w s w s zs , , f ei lltf ]s;kt gj go <{ lm ]kujd ei kji kr kjd ei kd hldf ct zs s zs w s s zs s 4Sg sLt Cgu hH jGf jkv Sg Lt gjr hji Fv kd xalv q q\ , q s q\ w Z 4g rqHnv rgc Fv kd xlv 4kuy >el re rDflkuv ]cy , q Z a s re kd xlv 4;kt Ief jkv uc Xthp ]xlv rfkH hd <in Sgfkp kukg Xeg a X , X a a Z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 722 egaP

g; hHl 2g krgj eH hg; kdcl `k;x kg k;D 4g Cgu cv `ji hoƒ1i g , z s s T T gj xky urdf 4kxygf Cgu hH kRi Bkd Cgd 4g krkg Cgu hH Nd 4kx;kt s s s s s , s q s kg k;D ewyke u kr kgj Cgu e jxv df g kgj yk;[ hg; kd henkv jg 2 s s T , s ji jlf suiv g Sg ;kOm kd k;ufn hjkl 4g xky d yk;[ hlb hH cl eg T q s s q T s s 2g krn xkc kxe kje kgt ]g krxm e okx , s a Z q s a , X a lm tjl 4hy rchle djd kL\x> l>e kt ]sx;krNi ]x;kj cv 4g k;kv x w q s s q s X s X s , m e okx lb tjl 4sxkg rIhi jlf cv ]kgd ulm ]kxm tjl 4hn xkc u x X a w X s s w a s ∆ q s e dlm e okx jln kr 4okx jln k;x kyp jdy kd xe uiv henkv go X a s w s a s w s s ∆ q s 4kxyduf Cgu hHd tjl ]ku[j nk; 4xX;kt yp e okx jln jd s w s s X a s w s s ∆ q s y kd xe uiv eg ]kje df ]kgd sulm 2k;x kg kLx> kdlm l kxky d o s s \ s X s s kx 2lki d henkv hlm 4kF kxe dS lki dlm 4kF henkv dS e oakx dS a s Z q s X 2g kr , xm tjl Syflb ]g rn xkc eg gcl df g r>el hg; o ]kd ñxe ,g kuql w T s s a q T s s s q 4kx;kt jxf ukde kr s;x Ig eg s s jxv df g hrkt h;ki hrgd hg; go ]l hydiNf hldf kuy Ni 2kx;kt j , s s w s xf ukde kr C;x Ig o jxv 2g kvg keF jkgl d Cgüm ukde df g yk;[ s s , q s s , hg; skdum 4g hrgj hdIy hIym ]ji ukde g hydiNf kt o ]g kuql uTe T T s s , s 4kxs;kt kg k;D kd k;ufn Cgu kr s q i kr kxMkt sy u kd >kc lb e df g Li e ∂Gf lb k;D hg ikv 4g kgj s a s s T T s \ X X , yp cl kLc kurb ]n dG phu ]n jkrm lm `g Sg [j Syfldf ikv ji \ X X s X s T q s jlf uiv 4kdikv g hgj kt hyp Syf uI jkv g Oc nky k>kc ikv e uI s s , ≠s , T s , s s X ≠s 4kx;kt Ig >kc kr X;ht ji e 9g8 lm 4Xxkt ji e 9g8 lm jkv 4g go ]9 s s s s w X , s w X , , , , s g8 kt 6k;x rhc ]k;x rhc kt 4X;kt yp rje <{ dS7dS ]X;kt yp rje s s s s s yirfi rfi d rhrv 4F Cgu hHd ikv go ]g ikv kt jkv 4g Cgu ikv z z s s T s , T go ]F ikv kt jkv 4g xyv ydycf thp kukn ; jkv 4g ikv kt kdlm s s , T q X X s s , T s s ukt jkv ]F ikv kt kdlm ;kt yH ]rfi d rhrv X;kt je eg df jd x X , s s s X w z s X s z k;i dS eg ed l ed 4g k;∂fi rHnv hd uk;÷ ]kukt je rfi d rhrv s , z q z s 4krdl ht Cgu e ukero go ]krdl je Cgu rfi d rhrv kt X Z z s s 4g krht e ukero hgo ]g krje rfi d rhrv kt , X Z , z s s ` g kdp kg kt ]Syf dlm ]g rkt kg nac Cgu k;D 2g kt ]Syf dlm ]srkt , q s s s T s s X , s s y[ Cgu k;D rkt kg ;u Cgu k;D ]g Sg Li Gjr hd Nhi k;D jGf jkv q X s s s X T q s \ s X , 4g krdl kt kvg hg k;u ]g krdl kt kvg Cgu kr kukji ] , q , q s q Cgu 4g huk'ji ]g >kc ]g okur l /kjof lb 4g k;x kg kni /kjof Syfl , s , s , s s , s , s b 2g kxy ji ujd k;u ukoxH jkv g Sg xy e ujd kukji kd uiv eg , s , T q s X s q s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 822 egaP

4kxkg kdLy kdlm jGf ]hxkg hnk' hd s \ s lm ]hx;kt kg Wq' r' jGf 4g ydæfe rgc kyeke udfy ]kgd u ukoxH X s Z , q q s s 4kxyp e jGf df Bg hnk' ]wan jd hnk' hdlm ]y [yf Pi 4g kxy u wa T q s \ , s kt yd¬ kdL\y go cv 2g ;x Li hg sNhi ydycf je kr ikv ]kgd u ∏c w T s \ q s s s s s q 4s;kv jGf ukoxH 4kxy ukt uPi yd¬ kdLy s s \ w \ go kr cv df k[n jGf 4k;x kg hH kLc kdLy go jkv k;x kg hH kdLy s s s \ \ , s \ kd dL\y dlm jGf 4h[j /kc k'kv ]Sg Cgu 'kjuf 4;x yp liko ukoxH s s s a q s s 4g jk;r ydycf e ];kt kg kLc kdlm kpπc kjt 4kxkg kLc kdlm kpπc wa , q T s s \ s \ s , ld kucf je 4g Cgu hoHquv Bkd e j? 4g >elku gc 4g >elku kdLy h s s , s X , w , \ Hv `kx;ky[f ukd kr kxkg kpπc kdlm 4y ky[f kd pπc dlm kLkF Te ] s , s s wa s s s s\ ;kt kg kpπc kdlm ed l ed 2g Sg ;kpe hn¥t hLc hH ikv ]kgd ulm s s s T q s \ s `h;x kg hnk' hd dLy jr cv s s \ s s ]kgd sukgüm jkv Sg Ixi ukoxH ]kF k;kl e jed uiv rkj jkv j? kF k X , q z s X s s , I,ky djd hnk' go 4h;x kg hnk' hd dL\y lm jGf 4;x yp liko ukoxH s s s s s 4kxjd hnk' hdlm ukd kucf jse s , s dfk;D ]y jd hnk' hdlm e ]s;kt kg kLc kdLy kje 4n n ulkoækv >e X wa T s \ \ s X s s q ikv 2Sgfkp sxkv 2Sgfkp Cgu hHv dhO udfy ]>e jWt Sgfkp ]kgd ulm s s q s 2Sgfkp { ke ]Sgfkp {ke df g Sg Sdf uk'ji >r r l kunf urb ]kgd u ukoxH s s , q s s q w s X s s 4y jd hnk' e hdlm ];kt kg ukot kjt 4g kI wa T s s , kN kpπc kje hHv ]g krdl sy ld hHv 2endS ]hHv ]kgd u henkv lm s s wa s , s 4y y s s hHv kr Sgfkp rDfe >r ]kgd sukgüm jkv ;x kg Idi ukoxH kr 4g srkt s q s q X , s s z s T kjc? d jnfe hH ukoxH j[fkv ]sxkg s;x kjc? ukoxH d jnfe lm 4k;x s a X s a kjc? ukoxH unf dS 2Sgfkp rDfe ]Sgfkp {ke >e df kF krjd kuZFki q s s q z jdkt e jnfe d ukoxH tkj7tkj henkv dS 4g hul hukgd hukji dS uTe X a s s s , q q s 2krLkN Cgu kNhi ]g kgj kyp e df yk;[ g; udfy 4g S s\ wa T s T g Oc eg elm ]g hgj xkH uI 4g gj yp eg Xelm ]g hgj yp k;ufn 4g q s , X , ≠s T s , q , kgj kyp Cgu kd k;ufn hH Bkd 4g Cgu –d hH Bkd 4g Cgu jIl hH Bkd s q s , X s , X s 2g hgj yp ji yhd hlm k;ufn hjkl 2g Sg , q , q suke jIl kd suiv henkv jg 2g kgj kyp kd k;ufn hjkl df g yk;[ kd X s wa s q , s henkv jg 2g kgj kyp kd k;ufqn hjkl hg e lt ]kd rkc lb g >kc kjlwn wa s T s , , s 4n ukt lm ]kd rhrv g >kc kygi Syflb 4g hjWt kukg >k X s s , s , s ∆ cuf Syf d uukt kd 9ukg8 4kxdl ukt Cgu kd^ 9ukg8 go ]g kryp jdy s s s s s s s s s , s >kc kt kd sukg uiv 4kd sukg uiv g ryp jdy >kc rgc ]g ryki eH s s s s s s T s s s q T s z
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 922 egaP

4g uk;÷ hg <Zi , el 4g krkt kg jLjl kr ];kt kg kni >el g; ]lc 4krkt Cgu k;df <Zi , s X s s s , el jkv 4g krkt kg <iel e k'n okH lm ]kg k'n okH kt hlß 4g _ke , , s Z X s s T q <v dS eg Glf d rfx lm 4rfx g go 4g gj Cgu kyp eg 4g gj yp Z s , T s T s X elm hH eg jkv g hgj yp hxnatf `;x Oc jd[j ji jlf jr¬cf jkv h , , s , , Ii kuiv Xk;D e hLkx hryp 4g kuy >kc F;ø 4g kuy >kc ]g kgj kyp Te s X \ , s s Z , s s wa ]g kgj jd e df kukt kg kn,i yk;[ g; e sLt cl lm 4g kvg kLt cl wa T s X q\ , q q\ 4kg krkyp kd tjwl Lc s s s \ tjl kd jn Bkd ukt ukd jkv 4hF hLt l udL/ hd tjl lm udL/ hd w w s s , , q\ s \ w \ ;nÔ jkeg 4F gj yp eg Fkl dlm ]kF kgj kyp tjl go 4kF kgj ky s s s s w p hH tjl df kxyp kri eg cr 4Sg sLO eg df kvg kLO tjl 4Sgfkp k w s X q a q a w ukg eg kr Syf d sukg kri dfk;D 4g k;x kg kLO cd tjl df kxyp Cgu s X s s s X , s a w s hg kri eg 4rDo hlb ]sx;kt kg LO hg ; eg kr s;kt kg kLO go ]g jwn X X s s a wa s s a , yhe Lkjd ln3tjl jxv 4g l¬gf dS dlm eg ]g kgj kg cl 4g hgj skg s\ w T s s , s , rchle llb 2g gj jd eg df yk;[ hg; kdeg udfy 4g gj jd ekd q s , s s s T s gjr hd LdI eg e Ødb lb 4g kØdb rxt kjkl g; 4g hØdb hxntf g; s \ q X s , , a 4g kl¬gf kd jhj' Lc dS go 4g kgj kpi Cg , s \ , u hH Nd Isi udfsy 4g kgj kpi utkH ]g kgj kuc [H e df kxkg krpkl q wa s wa w T s s go kr ]kxkg kri kd Ii jxv 4g kl¬gf kd jhj' L\c dS s; 4g hgj [sn s s s s T s T Cgu [kv df Cgu kri kd k[kv udfsy 4g hgj [n eg df hxkg hrpkl kr X a s X a T s X s s hxkg hrukt jxv [kv ; 4kOm e df kxkg krpkl kr kxkg krukt jxv Fkg X X a s T s s s s g; 4g kl¬gf kd jhj' Lc dS g; df g Cgu kri lb udfy ]kxkg kr>el , s \ , s s s jWt 4cl g e df kxkg kr>el Fkg g; kr ]kg krukt kje Fkg g; jxv wa T s s s s 4g l¬gf dS Glf ikv ]d rfx hLc rgc dS ]d Lk‰c Sg ryp T s Z s \ q s a z q s Lc rgc dS ]d rxt Lc dS 4g l¬gf dS Glf ikv d k;ufn Bg hryp h s \ q s s \ T s Z s q q Lc dS 4g gj Cgu kyp Nd ikv df g d;æokv kuy >el rkc hjlwn Arv \ T s q , s 4g oHlv 'oi e uk;÷ hg kurm ]g krskg , a s z X , rcte 9e8 kurtf jkv 2g krkg rcte 9e8 l yk;[ lb ]g kgj kyp e w T , , s w T s wa T df g hurb Glf Bkpπl 4g kgj kyp e df g Cgu g; Bkpπl 4g hryef rî , Z wa T , , fr kd jkdgv 4g kgj kyp e 4g gj kyp eg df g <"ki kd jkdgv jkeg 1 s a wa T T s , s a s g; 4g Nd eg df g krxy 4g krkv kte kLc elb ]g gj kyp eg df g T q , , \ X T s , Syflb g; `yk;[ g; g k;D 2g gj kyp eg df g yk;[ hg; kdcl eg , X T s , s 4Sgfkp {ke s>e cv df kxn krc jdkv hg e 4g Cgu rjWt hd ukv kdikv ]kxaM s q wa T , s s kv hg e 4Stfhn sugj {ke go jGf ]Sjfd ke{ jGf df kgd u Pc lm kr T s s s w\ s

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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 032 egaP

v ;∂‘fuf ydycf jrhH rDf;ø Bkd jxv 4g hrkt kg ;;ø rDf' hjkl hjke q s , s g ]e jkdgv ]e krpV hd ue ]e }} jkeg dfk;D ]g Cgu ti d rDf' eg X a X X a s X T qa s 4g hrkt kg uhgrDf' hg hur , s m ]hxkg ke®kv hjH l rfk'v ]okur ]r¬x Xe }} ]r¬xjkdgv ]upsc hurtf s s a z a z a , 4g hrkt uc rkÛ kd rDf' ke®kv uke go hg hurm ] , s , hxkg ke®kv uke ]kxkg Rpf ;∂‘fuf ]hxkg rfk' jrhH hg hurtf ]rkc hjlwn s , s s a 4g hrkg kni l "?l d kjkdgv go ]g k/oflv hurtf Xe , s , s Z a s X a , q k;ufn 4g krkg "?l e jkdgv dum ]e Xkvkrd um 2g ry jd kL[ kLc q , s Z a X a s X Z T s s \ \ rgc kRd ]g gj ed rgc eg rjd 2g kgj jd e df g yk;[ kd d;®zi q Z T s q s wa T , s s 4g k/oflv rgc e k;ufn <jkd d okH hlb 4hxskg , q q X q s k/ofl rgc ]hxkg u k/oflv e k;ufn l uIef d okH lb jkv 4g kyko q q s q X q s s s , wa ujd e df g krkt Ief okH g; Glf ]g krkt Ief kRd ZGlf ]hrkg Cgu n s T , Z , Z s c k;∂f l sukt e k;∂fv 4g krkg e k;∂f rDf;ø kurtf ]g hrkg y'd jkv a s X , s X , s q , yGl hg hurm k;∂f df g hjWt huy >el g; rkc kr hygi e /cal lb , s s X a `hxkg s k/oflv rgc cr jkv hx;kt kg nc aSk;∂f jkv ekd kd k;ufn kr ;kt ky q q , X s a , q s s p e uk;÷ ;∂‘fuf rDf;ø d;®i jkluv gd je nf; df g kNi u _ef dS X s z q s s s , w s 4g hjWt kukt kg rDqe sl , s rfF¬f7>kc hjkl ]9hd ukg8 ]9hd ujd8 Syf d upgi dr lm udfy 4Cgu s s s s s s qa s ;x Cgd eg l kgt ]Cgu xLf hHd eg l kgt ]Ig Cgu hHd eg l kgt 4g s s a s s a s s a T eg kgt ]g krn kpgi 9kgo8 eg ]kukt kg go 4kx;kt kg Nd cl lc jkv a , s qa a X s s s q , 4g kt ]hgo , s ;kt gj ]kRd ;kt yH ];ørd ;kt yH ]kujd ;kt yH ]n LkN kd uiv s Z X w Z X w X w X s\ s s e kF¬o;ø Ikjof hd ukg cl lm 4hHd ]krdl Cgu hH kg kri 2Cgu kri X s s s Bkd eg hH kd jkN7jkv dlm 4kd ukg g ykt Ikjof kurdf kd kthp jkv s X s s s s s , X , 4g gj T s Cgu jd eg ]g hgj kg Xthp 4X>el lm ]>kc kd kRd go ]g kgj gd e kj T s s s Z wa T ln 4aSkOm u F;ø lm 4X>el kd >kc d rhrv kr dS 4Cgd rkc uhr kn ; w Z s s s s s X s s 4kx;kt kg W' uk;÷ kr s;kt kg go jkv 4kxL\i C s s q s s , s gu kujd eg go 4kxs;kt kg <Ziel kr kd kF¬o;ø hd uoht >el eg jxv X s s s X 4g ek<jfi kd >el 4g krkt kg <iel 4krdl , , s Z kt Cgu k;yf liko hHd <iel 4k;yf y liko kNπv ]n gd yd kr gkp Z s s s s go 4krkg Cgu <iel hHd ;®Î 4g k;yf kuc ;®Î dS hH kd <iel uikv s Z , s Z s kr kxn jd <iel e df ]kgd suikv jxv dfk;D ]hrdl jd Cgu hHd < s wa Z T X iel k"kH udfy 4kxn jd <Ziel kd ukoxH jdkt Te df g rgd xky Nd Z s wa s T s s q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 132 egaP

kvg cyre kdlb 4g krxkt l dhO go ]g krkl kt l dhO 4x;ki u xkt q , s , s s s s X s l dhO unf jln kr ;ki kl u l dhO jH rkj jxv ]g rkc hd te udfy s w s s s s , s s 4g k;∂fv kukl ]g k;∂f kuxkt , s , 4g kIym , ydycf l ukl kr kuxkt ]ld sx;kl eg kr s;x xkt eg df rgd Cgu hH q s s s s s , X s s s g; eg `ld sxxkt eg jGf kr ]g kIym ydycf l uxkt kr kukl kr ; s , X s , q s s s s s s x kl eg jxv df rgd Cgu eg 4g rkt kl eg rkj ]g rxkt eg jH7unf s s T s s T s 4g , krgj kryp jrhH jkv jgkc uoht kjkeg e kek;kv h/kjof kn ub j,kv g , X X s s , hrkt jrhH jkv g hrkt jgkc lkoæ udfy 4g rjWt k;D hd ukt y jrhH , , s , s s jkc7jkc ]h;x yduf skr h;x hg yduf jgkc ct 4X;kt y k;D jrhH eg ]h s X ;x hyp lkoæ jgkc df rgd Cgu hHd eg 4g h;x hyp jrhH jGf df Cgu s , h;x jgkc lkoæ 4g hrkt jgkc lkoæ hjln <{®r ]g hrkt jrhH lkoæ dS , w , 4kg refuf l kthp h/kjof uoht df g _ljkl kLc lcl kd uoht jkv 4k s Z s X s , w \ s , s g kr;∂fl jgkc jkv kg kr;∂‘fuf jrhH df g hg; kyd hL\c lcl Xe uoht , s , s 4g ip jkv uke go ]g –d kt , q , , , X s go 4g /fjfi ]g dkp3g jgkc gkoi kjkl kd uyp ]g kgj yp Cgu go ]g , , , z s , , kvg kdQ go ]g erjrv kt go 4g kvg kjgO e ]g krukt rDf;ø F¬uk;÷ q , a s wa q T , 4g wa hL[ e ]g kgj e? dkp ]g hrukt yhd 4g kre? dkp kd k;∂f hd o®rD \ T , w , , w f;ø jkv g hrkg hL[ yhd hd ke®kv jrhH 4g krxy ue? l kry'd dkp , , s \ , s w s q kd kr;∂fl hd uoht dlm hg kurm ]g krkg ;∂‘fuf jrhH ;‘ue kurtf s , s q 2dkp kvg q kre? ]yhd Bg hL[3g hrLi eyke rkc hIym kukn s; 4kg hL[ yhd sl k w q \ T \ w X X s s \ rP1\n hurtf ]g kre? l kry'd hurm dkp go 4g krkt jxf dkp kr ;kt , w s q , s s e? yhd go jxv 4g krki e? dkp Syflb ]g hL[ yhd go 4g krew? d w , w , \ , kp kvg kryp ji yhd Bg hL[ lm 4g Cgu hryp kt ]g hrkg yhd dS Xe q q \ , s , s phc udfy ]kd hLkxyc g kryp dkp 4ueg g k[n Sg ryp kd hLkxyc s \ , , s , s q s s \ , 4g kgj Cgu jd e ]g kgj kg df kxxy klS 4g kgj jd ke®keji wa T , s s s , df kxsxy hg klS cr ] g kgj jd e df kxxy Cgu klS kdlm cr udfy s wa T s s s s 4kxs;kt uc rkÛ kd s k;∂f e Fkg d ke®keji rDf;ø go ri√el <siWxel jkv Fkl d rDf' lb X s z , s 4g h;x Lt llm rDf' hjkl hd oæof k; hd ke®keji cv 4hx;kt kg rDf , q\ s s s ' hdlm rDf' hjkl hd ke®keji Syflb ]kxkg kdp je jkdgv kd kRd d s q a Z s lm dfp jkv 4Cgu cklgf Bkd kdltf df lki dlm hxkg rDf' hurb 4kxk wa , s s s s g ti kd rDf' ]kx;kt uc kjkxv kvg kryt kd rDf' kr s;kt kg rk' jk qa s a q s s a ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 232 egaP

hF hgj yp BkL\y hj[fkv 4kF krrht ueæn u ]kF krrht jem u 4kF kd q l kg u ;<uf Bkd ]hdl kg u rht Bkd 4hdum Bg k;bkLy duv ]sF Sx s Z s s s q a \ s kg "o rkl 4kF kvg kxy e 0q; l ueæn l k"o Nd 4jem kF kGhy[ dS s Z q X s q s ˜ q 4g hrkt kg y'dv k;∂f ]hrkg Cgu kry'd e k;∂f kr g krkt kxe , s q s q X s , xL uke ct jrhH 4k;df Cgu oHquv dr cv ueg kdltf df kxkg eüt k , s s d k;∂f hurb e rxt kr ;kt kg ;∂‘fuf Bkd jduke rkc hje jxv 4kxskg X s s s s s k;D kr ;kt kg ;∂‘fuf cl jduke rkc hje jxv df pkl re g; Syflb s X s s X s 4g Cgu dFi eg llm ]g s;x kg 'v jkv okH dS eg d rfx lm ]g T 1 s T s a , s , hgj yp rfx Ikjof kt ]g kgj yp utl Ikjof kt ]g rxt kd k;∂f Ikjo s , 1 s , f kt cv 4k;x k[ uikrd kuiv df g Fv hg kurb kd <iel kd ke®keji s s Z , Z Z s 4g kdp kg ri√el kd ke®keji rDf;ø go df kuukt ]g hrkt kg kd , q s s , s s rDf;ø ltf rfhri hlß 4kxkg rhri klß ]g kgj kg cl hg klß ]g hrgc z s z , s , hnu ]g hrdep hytcf ]g krjxf huki l,t 4g kgj kg df kxxy hg klß cr , , s , s s 4g kgj jd e df kxkg u <jkd kd ugd g; kr kxgj Cgu kRd jxv jkv wa T s s s s Z , 4kxgj Cgu kRd ]hxgj kr k;∂f 4kxs;kt Ief kRd hg kurm ]k s Z s s Z xPc uke kurtf ]kxPc uk;÷ kurtf ]hxPc kr;∂‘fuf hurtf 4kx;kt k[ kR s \ , s \ s \ s s Z d ]kxLi dG hg dS 4g hjWt kukg ;∂‘fuf hg kurm ]g kukg ;∂fl kurtf s \ Z , s , s 4g krLi kuN hH ykrki kd {o lm ]kg kuN 'k , \ w s 1 s w dkv kd {1o ltf 4g krdl kt jiM hg kurm ]g krkt phu {o kurtf 4kx s , , s 1 dl kt Cgu jiM hHd {o go ]ku[j nk; jGf kr 4g krkt Cgu phu e kr s 1 s wa s T s g kukt jiM kr >e `kxMkv ld jiM kr kxaMkt y phu Lt e jxv df , s s q a s , s s s X \ T gd jxv {1o `xX;kv ld jiM jGf kr X;kt yp phu jxv 2g ek;kv hg s s s , s s s T Iym kr pM jkv phu 2phu ]sxgd ikv 4kLi kukt hH phu lm Gjr hd y s s s a , s s X \ s s krki hg kurm ]g k;x kpM kurtf Gjr hd 'kdkv {o kt 4g Bg h;x Lt , a 1 s T q X \ hdlb hjgx hg hurm ]g rLi h;k[nf jiM urtf {o s; 4g r[n eg {o T s \ s 1 T s s 1 4g krdl kg ;∂fl hg kurm go ]g krdl kt e kr;∂‘fuf hurtf kt , s , X s 4g hrkg jckjc e rkiuv k'eg ]Bkjgx hd jgkc jkv Bkjgx hd jrhH 4h , s X q s , x;kt jgkc lkoæ hjgx hg hurm ]sx;kt y jrhH lkoæ hjgx hurtf 4hx;kt s X s s kg jgkc k;∂f hjgx hg hurm ]sx;kt e uk;÷ jgx hurtf jkv 4kx;kt k[ s X X s , s s jkdgv kd kRd ]Cgu 4hxs;kt k[ k;∂f hdikv df ]x;kt je ikv df g C a Z s s X , gu g; Fv kdlm kr X;kt yp e kr;∂‘fuf hd uk;÷ df g kgj gd g; ct Z s s X wa 4g rfx hjkl hd uoht ji uy , ef d k/kjof kn 4g ji /kjof y[ kjkl kd uoht ]g kL[ ji k/kjof uoht s X s s , s s , \ X s 4g krkt kyp kd rkj , s go e kr;∂‘fuf hjgx hurm ]e unf g krkg ;∂fl kurtf kt jkv 4g krkt X X , s s , , kg ;∂fl hg rOm gcl unf jln ]e rkj g krkt kg ;∂‘fuf l dhO kt ] s s q s w X , s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 332 egaP

2g kvg k;df kL[ kd uoH ji ji /kjof lm jkv 4g k;df kni /kjof e , q \ s s w s , , , s X X s T kukn 4g hgj ykL okcn Ib hyko ukv l phu Gjr kukn udfy ]g kvg kxy X s s s X s s , q Cgu kH[ l phu Bkd kd ckjge lm 2g krkt gj kyHl ckjge jkv ji sj a s s s s s , a s , ln7dS g hrykL okcn Ib h/kjof hd Gjr Xkukn `g k;df yk;[ hHd ]g w T X s s , , krkg kyHl ld ckjge go 4g krkg kuc ckjge ji uoH Lc df kxkg k[sn s a s , s , s s s \ s 4g kL[ ji /kjof dS u;klj kji kd hxntf ]k;∂f hji hd hxntf e ylv , \ s w a w a X 4g hrkg thp hIym hLc k T s X \ a go 4krkg Cgu hH Nd k/hl7k/hl endS kgo 4hryp Cgu ji jhdy hd r< s q a fx hxntf j,kv 2g ryp ji jhdy hd r<fx rgc xP d u>el7upkl jkeg a T s q a s s s s s 4kg ;∂‘fuf kt ]g krdl kg ;∂fl hH henkv klß df g rdl Cgu hg pkl s s , s T s s eg g; 4g krdl Ly hH henkv klß df rdl jd Cgu hg kui¥d eg g; , \ s 2h F Cgu k;‘B ]kF Cgu ;¬ue,o ]kF u /k∂ jrhH jkgér 2F rLy l rfk' sl k Z s s q s s \ s a X ljc rkl er df Cgu hH kri >e ]kgd ulm 4k;x jxf ji kji 4k;x kg _ q s q s X , s ef kr ueæn go `g krLy Bkd l henkv lß jGf `kdlb kvg cyre k;D s q , \ s s s q 2jGf gcl yd 4g krdl Ly Cgu cv 2h;x kg e®[ rkc go ]k; q wa \ s x kg nwtke 9e8 jkv kdF uer udfy 4kF xv dS e kd kutk; Ikjof dS s , T , w s q s a T s dr cv 4kF kgj Ly Cgu e dr cv 4Syf dlm kF dhO kt ]F rLy 4S \ T s s s s \ yf d ;®l F rL\y dr cv ]hF BkLy hd kylm dr cv 4k;x kv kRd c s s s \ X w Z v 4k;x kv 9e8 cv 4h;x kg rxrDf;ø BkLy cv df kxy >e udfy ]n d T s \ s q s wa kH df kvg ue jkv k;x kxexL jrhH 4k;x kg rk'v e jkv k;nf dwF ue T q , s a T , s q r 4kxLy Cgu jGf df k;x kg rk'v 4kxLy dr hHr ]g rk' dr ct df wa s a wa wa a ]hF kutk; dS ]kF okH dS ]kF i¥dl dS dfk;D ]g krLkN ]kgd u jem s a X wa s\ s `k d uLkN k;x kg <jkd k;D 4kn ukt l? kd ykH 2>e kg rLkN er tkv ] s s\ s s s q s s s q s s s\ q g kyef kdke gér tkv 4kF e e tk[ hd jlov hlb jkv 4hd jlov slß , , X q T X s , ]F er e tk[ hd hlb l kljc rkl 2kg ;x kg yxki ]kgd u ueæqn dlm s q X s s X s s s s s 2sxLy yd gcl jGf ]Sbkv Om df kgd kd ueæn jkv k;x skg X \ q s q , kL[ jdOm 2k;nf [j ji ukF¬ uiv ulm kykH liko jGf 2k;x jgO hg \ s s srdF dlm 2k;x jgO ]kd ukt e hrkN kF kOm kykH kd jem kt <{ dS w s s s X s 2k;nf dF ji ge d jem3g krdl jd hH Nd erfv henkv w qa s , q a krje3su ueæn Li phu lm df g kd sunN e hrkN hdlm ]kykH kykduf q s \ s , s s X 4k;x kg jkol ji hrkN hdlm jkv l Lk? uiv h;kxy xkyN u jem 4kL\i s , s s s\ s a s jxf ji uhet go jkv k;x jxf kLk? kd ueæn 4g k;x kg yGl okn kd , s\ q , s a jem ]g hjgikn hjH 4kxs;kt kg kylG d;k<uf Nd df kF krxy klß jkv , s s , Z q ,
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044 fo 432 egaP

4g hrkt kg hjgx , s jkv hu? rfk' go phc d rfk'v lm d¥fc 4krLi Cgu jrv Bkd kr kg G , a s a \ a s s s jr kjkp rfk'v hd jgkc jkv ;kt kg Rpf rk' hg lo dhO 4g UHf rqgc X a , s s a s , , dep hd hytcf Bg hdep e unf jH dep go kr s;kt dep hytcf e q X s s X rkj hj/v l,t e phc d /kjof d kukn ub 4hrkg Cgu /çyim e <{ hld s a s X s s s X s s X f jkv go ]g hrkg /çyim rfwHuv kt ]dyi kt e /kjof d kukn ub kr k , , s q s q s X s s X s s X g ryp ukGr jgkc jkv g rfk' jrhH ct dfk;D ]kukv df kxs;kv n koky s w , , a X s q c ]kx;kyc kd kjLoc lsS ]kxn n <_ekv kd kjLoc lS henkv rk' d¥fc s q s X a s s s a s X a s s a 4hxgj hL[ gxt huiv rfk' hd jrhH s \ a jkv jgkc jLaoc ]gj ryp ukGr d rfk'v cv 4dl jd rk'v kt ],g Cg , X s w s a s a s u <jkd Bkd kd rk' dfk;D ]kxgj kL[ Cgo ]kxkg kL[ hH kgt rk' 4krk s s a X s \ s \ a a t gj Cgu <jkd kd uxkH kd henkv rk' 4g rxkH Syflb ]g rjL rk'v s s a T s T s a 4g rxkH rk'v Glf ]krxkH Cgu Cgd henkv rak' ]gj uk;÷ T s a Z s 2g rkt x T s kH l hxntf o ]g rkt kg rk' xky kt df hn jd kni k<jk/ ryx dS Xe s a s T s s a s s , k;ufqn u k;lfk;ül d gjr lb jkv 4g LIohI¥d ]g h;x hikF ]g hFkF kr s X a s , , s s , s , s ;∂‘fuf hdum ]hII kr;∂‘fuf hdum jkv hyp k;∂f df g rjL kt udfy 4 w , T s s s g Cgu kyko uL\i dG Bkd jrhH dum jkv kxgj kryp ukGr kd k;∂f 4g , s Z s s , s w , krkt kg e®[ ;H kd k;∂f güm ]g hpπl kr;∂‘fuf hdutf 4g hO> kr;∂‘ s X , , w fuf hdutf ]g rxkH hg o l k;∂f 4g rjL d/fv l k;∂f kt ]g rxkH hg T s s s T s s s T s o Glf l k;∂f 4rkt Cgu xkH l k;∂f jGf kr ;x kg ;∂‘fuf jxv o 4g s Z s s s s s s s , kPkv hH kd kr;∂‘fuf ukgüm 4Sg Cgu ;∂‘fuf o ]ku[j uk;÷ ]g kugd kjse s\ s s X q s , 2s;x xkH l hxntf jkv s;x kg ;∂‘fuf kt ]g [n hlk;ül lß ueg udfy s a , s s T s s a s s s 4g krkt kg /çyim kd kr;∂ , s s fl hLc jgkc go3jrhH g krkt kd ;∂‘fuf kt df g krgd e Syflb jkv \ , s s wa T , 4g ckjge kvg kuc l okcn Iym hxntf hjkl 4g hL[ ji kthp hIym rg , s q s s a T \ X q c thp hjkl 4g kL[ ji hjkehc ;ƒ¬ko¬ 4hxkg u rkj kr kg u unf 4,g hL[ X , \ s s s \ ji unf rkj jkv 4kxkg Cgu kyktm kr kg u kj/av 2g kL[ ji j/v kyktm , s s s s , \ s s a hd hxntf hxuc u ckjge g; kF;üv ]Sgfkp kuk a s s s g hH jkN kIym llm kr g jkN dS eüt dfk;D 2hg kxje go ]g kreüt k s s s , s X s , s t df g rgd eg udfy 4g ;kF¬ov rhjiof kn kr q;®e jkv eüt 2g krkt T s s T X s s 1 , , s , ld je go ]g kreüt kt df rNi Cgu hHd eg 4g thp hIym kukn 4g , s s w T X X s , rke j/m ]g eüt j/m 4g hL[ hxntf l okcn dutf ]g jkN h/kjof kn d , , , \ a s s T s s s s ckjge d uoht hg q;®e jkv eüt go 4g ;®e ]g eüt 6g k;∂fv ]g k;∂ s s 1 , , q 1 , , , f 6g unf ]g rkj 6g <jxkt ]g nCu 4g kL[ ji /kjof uoH kji kd hxntf , , , , , \ s w a
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044 fo 532 egaP

2g krLi kujd ]g krjd udfy 2g , \ , s , Cgu ue kd <{ dS kdlm kd ujd kt ]g krjd kd ekd dS jkrkxy hen s s s , s kv dS dr ykl lhykp kd sujd Cgu ue kdlm kt ]ekd dS `g ;pækv s , Z Bkd kr kg krkt kg jF®i xkenf kdlm jxv 4g krLi kugj Oc hr¬njct s s s s , \ s , dr >kl l gcl e jr©n dS tkj dr ykl lhykp jH hxntf kd henkv a s q X s a s dS 4g >kc cl go ]g gj jd hjdku ]g gj jd ukdn ]g gj jd k// kt , s T s , T s q T s a s hHv 4kxs;kt II go ]g kuc sueg ykt kd du kt cl df g hrxy Igkjc w , q Z s , ? hLc kr sx;kt kg rk' dfk;D ]e Fv dS g dhO jL go 4g rjL Lc eg \ s X s a X X Z , T s s \ `g rjWt k;D hd uukd kgo ]g Cgu /≈nfl ei kgt 4g krLi ku , w a , a zs a , \ y kjkgl kd uwukd Syflb ]g Cgu klkjH Bkd kd ei 4g hrkt hd ''fkd s , s s zs , s hd udkj kdlm jkgl d uukd 4g /≈nfl ei df g hrkrc rjWt hd uukd s s s s s w , a zs , w `g rjWt k;D hd uukd e phc kr g krjd ei kd hldf e jxv `g r , w X s wa zs s T , jWt k;D hd uwukd3sxkg hFkl ]sxkg hxk;gl yko ugj Fkl ]xkg _ef `rj X X s s s s X Wt k;D hd u®fi7rfi3sxkg _ef 4g h;x kg hnx rgc ]g h;x kg Cgu hNπv X , s a q , s k;ufn Bkd lub 4g Cgu ;≈k; ræknjc g; ]g nç' ngc Lc rfi kr kg ezsi q s s , s T s w s s \ s s 4g <jkd d ukg u d ei hu®i jkv rfi T s s s s zs , 4hxkg Cgu hH hu®i ]kxkg Cgu hH rfi unf lm ]kxkg ei e k;ufn unf ltf s s s zs X q 4g krLi kuht jkgl dum j , \ s s Gf ]g rLi ujd Ui®m Ls\kt d jgkc kr g Cgu hH Nd kyko uLkt kd jr T s \ s s s , q s s\ s hH dfk;D 4g hrLi hukojd hI¬tfj jdkt e ryknv uuukd jkv g srLi u X , \ ≠ X w , T \ s kxy jdDp rkl uekl d tkel 4g rLi sujd ;kim l jgkc kr g kyko uk s s T s \ s s , s s g kt df g Cgu ;kim hjrhH Bkd kr jkv kr k/kc Cgu jxv df g jL go s , s s , s a , 4hrdl yp Cgu kI‘sp hd su/kc e j? kr kg ei 4g Cgu ei df g hryp S a X s s zs , zs , yflb hg kI‘p hd u/kc e j? 4g rkc hjln ydycf kuy /kc e j? jdku s s a X , w q s a X c hu®i jkv g rkc dS kujd ei kd h_¬ hldf 4g rkg Ixi iW ;u udfy , , zs s T s s z s s `g k;D rjWt g; g k;df kL\[ ueg du kt udfy 4hx , , s Z s s X ;kt Ief hIc jkv Ic u 4kxIef jkojfi u ]hxIef hu®i u 4kxIef Cgu k/a/ s , s s s s s 4g hrkg Igkjc? , s hLc llb ];kt yef u hg du Cgd g; 2kd du ji lb]g krgd jkv Nd \ s s Z s Z s w , , q Bkd 2g krgd k// kdlm Bkd ]g krgd jkojfi kdlm Bkd ]g k;yf jd k s , a s s , s s , ni ueg kt kd du lb 4g rkg rhH;H Lc eg udfy 4g hrdl kg rykg , s s s Z T s s s \ s , s hjc hH llb `g rykg hNπv rgc Bkd hHv k;D `g ykg k;D hHv kd3k/ q s , q s , / d ukdqn ]kd kpπc ]kd hu®i ]kd hF¬g1x j? `g ykg k;D hHv kdcl um a s X , `kxkg k;D kdcl ub ukdn ]jkojfi ]hF¬gx j? kr ;x kg s q 1 s s s rk' ];x kg jgx e uk;÷ ]g kNi 4g kNi e /cl hlb hH u _ef jln dS a s s s X , w , w X a a s s w
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 632 egaP

e jktkc go jkv 4sxkg '[ kr xXugi ekj ]g k;kuc k;Pfc rgc ]k;yf kuc X , X q s s , \ q kLid 4g kgj kt e 'kyr hd ekj df g krgd go kr `kg gj kt kgd d \ wa X , s s s a f g rNi xky jkv 2Gjr hd jktkc g krxkH jkv kLid g kruc jhcd kr T s w s , , , \ , q s `Wd ld kol hd ukoxH a s , s jkv 4kvg hxkH;ü/ e ]kxy ugi Lid je hH kt jkv 2g ekj go ]kx;kt , q T s s \ s s s , , s kv hH kt kr cv 2krLi Cgu h;k[nf Bkd ;kolf d ekj cv ]kgd u jhcd s s \ s s s 2k;x kg rDo rgc kdum ]e jktkc kgd xX;kv ekj ]kgd u kxky udfy s q s X a s s X s s 2g kgj uqc Syf d ekj g; wa s 4g kgj uc Syf dldf ]Cgu kri gér g; ]g kgj uc kt g; cv 4ekd g k wa q s X q wa q s , ;x kg naukv cv ]kF k;kP >kc Glf ]kF Cgu hg k;df ekd kr dr cv 2kn s s s Z s s jd nc kg rgd er cr ]g kvg ;≈k; ujd ekd e ct cv ]kgd u jhcd a s s q wa q s s T s 4kjd ekd kd gkyt er df krxy Cgu kNπv cv ]kn jd nc eqr c s s q q s a v ]kgd u k_ef dlm 2g krkx hH rhx ]g hH krpku ]g hH kruc jhcd j s X s , , , q , kv 4g k;x ync okH kd /cl d suuc d Lid ]g h;x ync Rfo hd uuc , a a s q s s \ , 1 s q kd Lid ]g k;x ync henkv kyko uuc kd Lid 4g k;x ync xP kd uu s s \ , s q s s \ , a s c d Lid ]g h;x ync Iokuc hd Lid udfy 4kgj hjkt kuuc Lid ]g k q s s \ , q s \ s q s \ , ;x kg Cgu nc kuuc Lid kr g k;x kg rk' jGf 4g kruc Lid jhcd 4kx s a q s \ s , s a , q s \ s ;kt kg nukv ekd ]kx;kt gj Cgu >kc ekd kr kxkg rk' Rpf jxv ]Cgu s a s s s s a 4g rkpgi kd henkv ji uh'e T s qa s dS eg jh/7jh/ 4hx;kt hyp hrkg ]g hgj kg rrfi 6g Bg rrfi ]g Bg r s s s s , s , q , q If?of ke®kv hjkl hd hjkl hd henkv 4g k;x kyp krkg nkcjc henkv g; , s 2Cgu /cl Bkd l nukv kd ekd elm ]g h;kuc k;ufn kt ueg kg; hHv a a s s a X , q s s a 4g xyv hg rkc ekd ]g xyv hg rkc nukv 4g Cgu / , , a , acl Bkd e naukv jkv ekd 4g rukt hg ekd eg 2g rukt ekd cl kr e a s X , T s T s s g 2kg naukv kt ]kd ekd hldf Cgu rukt kr eg udfy 4g rkg W' uy[ s s s s s s T s s q s f yG d gjr jkv e hxnatf kr g krkt kg nukv ekd ct jkv 4kx;kt skg w s , X s , s a , s nukv ]kx;kt gj Cgu ekd jWt 4hxkg hjln rjWt hd hxntf l ukg rk' a s s w a s s s a 4;kt u kyp g; kr s;x kg rk' Cgd s s s a 2g gj jd k// df g krgd go kdlb jkv ]g hrgj hrkg hdlm xIV' g T s a , s , , s a ; 2g krgj krLkn jr©n l j? ]j? l jr©n kjkpc hg lo ]g hrgj hrLkn , ,\ s s s s , , ,\ hLkxyj ji hjIi dS df l,t 2l ykl lhykp g kgj jd g; go3g krkt \ s s s , , ]g krkv jr©n gjr hd uh'e go 4sxkg ;x kg uh'e ygi rgc <ki sdlm , X s s s q z 4hxkg hy jd nc k;Lf[i ygi rgc u ;nÔ dlm 4xkg dp II rr yekd X a a \q a s q s s s X s q w q a s d d‘r¬fe dlm 4kxkg kdp je hg ygi rgc d uje henkv go kr ]jtx s s s q s q s s s s q hrnk;† jkv h>elku hd gjr lb ji d‘r¬fe hldf jxv dr ykl lhykp ,

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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 732 egaP

yko sukuc du cl ub eg kr ]s;ki kuc Cgu xo¬ hH kd /cl d hu®i jk s Z s Z s a a s , v pπc uiv eg ct ];ki kuc Cgu Zxo¬ hH kd j? uiv eg ct 2g krkt s s s s s , kg du go ]g rN hH kt eg 2g krkt kg du go ]g rkuc hH kt eg jkv s Z T s w s , s Z T s s , ]g rkuc eg 4g ukF¬ d du cl Fhr jkeg 4g ukF¬ d du kr hH nt¬fe T s T s Z Z s T s Z s 7jnfe jkeg Syfhlb 4kxkg hg du go ]sx;kuc kt yko ugj d du j[fkv a s s Z X s s s s Z `g rdl jd kL[ jnfe djd T s \ a s ukn yko ugj e du jkv `g rdl kuc jnfe yko ugj Xe du jkv `g kr s s X Z , T s a s s Z , , dl uc jnfe e du 4g du kji okx 4g kvg k;kuc jnfe Syf d uk>el a X Z , Z w a , q a s s kd ue suiv go 4krkg jnfe okx kji kgt ];ki jd Cgu refuf tkel klS s s a a w a s Z s eg 4k;ki uc Cgu jnfe okx kji df g rcl kd rkc lb jnfe e okx go a a w , w a X a 4g T rkuc jnfe xky kgo kr g hrL\i ewyke du hxntf hji kr go 4kx;kt e s a s a s , Z a w s s X kjnfe ukd kr sxy uLi eyke jnfe hxntf gjr hji ct dfk;D 4kx;kt Cg X a , s s \ w a a w X s u Bkd eum 4sxX;kt kg nc jWt nt¬fe7jnfe 4g Cgu <jkd d ukg nc ukd s X s a a , s s s a n Bkd jkv 4hxs;kt kg nc ukdqn hd kvQx 4kx;kt Syfldf henkv rk' l q s , s a X q s a ki dub kr Cgu 4g rkt henkv rk'v lki dub dfk;D 4xX;kt kg ed ; ] s s T s a s X s s s q/kl ]hlk;ül ]Qqx ]nt¬fe ]jnfe kr ;kt Pc henkv rk' udfy ]hxkg Cgu a a s X \ a s X ed kr ukdn ]g jWt rkc dS 4hx;kt gj Cgu ukdn kr xPc henkv rk' s X q , X X q s s X \ a ]hxX;kt kg ed Xukdn kr xPc e k;ufqn henkv rk' df krxy Cgu klS >qe s q s s X \ X a s s 4kx;kt kg kuFki jkv kti hdlm hH ekd go 4hx;kt s s Z z , w s uc kol hdlm hH ekd go 4kxs;kt kg ei kdlm hH ekd go 4kxSkt ync s s zs Nd cl e ujd ekd lm udfsy ]kxjd ekd hH go 4kxs;kt kg henkv kjl q X s s s w n udfsy ]Cg; kx;ht hH go 4hxkg hd xP jkv hxntf hd henkv rk' jWt s s a , a a 4Cgu ;®u dS ]Cgu dyi dS go 4g hjcte hxntf hji 4Tg k; 1 q , w a w a jfcte cl 4g kukuc ukde hH Syf dum ]g kuky[f hH kdum 4g k;jfct w , s , s T a w e hHl hH g; 4g pπc ]g hu®i3Sgfkp Lid ]Sgfkp hIkj 4g hjcte udfy T s , s \ s , w s 4g ;≈k; sujd nc go 4g rgkp kujd nc eg ek/7ekd df g Syfhlb go , s a T s a , `g k;D Igkjc? go `s;kt kg u nc cl ek/7ekd g; Cgd , X s a 4g hrgj hH Igkjc? hLc Syf d ekd hlb jkv 2g rgj e krpV hd hlb , \ s , T s X ];kt pc eg gjr ldf l ekd 2g rgj eg e krpV hd hlb ]X;kt IN gj X s T s X w r ldf l ekd hHv 4g du dS ekd hHv dfskt ]kxs;kt kg nukv dS ekd s , Z s a 4kxkg rjfrkiW ekd3l ukg rk' d henkv kx;kt dQ Cgu ekd s a s s s a s s 4g Cgu /cl Bkd ]gj rjd eg ltf ]kd ekd lm , a a s s s s s jkv kd ekd lb cv 4k;x kg jkv ekd g; cv ]h;x kg jkv rkc g; cv , s s , s , 4g k;kuc kNπv rqgc , ];kt y kr kg rjWt kd ekj Bkd ]g k;kv y Lid ]ekj df g krky¥pf s s s s s s wa s s \ ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 832 egaP

l7dS 4g Cgu e ukldqu rgc Bkd ikv ]Cgu 4Cgu k/ofl hd dkyr kg; jk T X q s q a s eg df kukg re rrfpV rgc ikv Syflb 2kF kLkt ygi ulm lt ]g kry s q s\ s s s , , s Lkt /cl d gjr hlm jGf henkv jkc jg df g g; oHuv go j,kv 4kvg s\ a a s , q q oHuv rHnv dS kgo ]g Sg rlfdof dkyr e kd¥e utf7utf ]kgt7kgt q q a T q X X q a a 2kx;kv y jdLdi kd rjkv hd gjr hlm Glf go ]Cgu s s \ s , Z krync kr go 2g hgo Ldi hdlb ]nli hdlb ]>el hdlb 2hF hygi hlt s , \ a , ]g krky PP rjkv hgo jGf e df3g henkv klt e jkv 4g krjd hg e wa wa , T wa , T , wa T kr tk[ jkc jg 4g krup hg e kr h_¬ jkc jg 4g krjd hg e kr gkoof j s s wa q T s wa T s kc jg df k;kv e >el g; lm jkc CoOkv jkv s;df gkoof jkc Okv ulm X s , s 2k;nf dkyr hH kdlm ]kvg uk'ji rgc 2hF hyg s q s q i hlt ]Bg rcfkl rjkv hg hl,o hH rjkv g; df k;ki nkc uhge kn udfy , q , , s s s 4k;df gkoof ulm djd s s uhctk[ djd jkpof7pkl rgc ]kF hoHuv rgc 4hF hdp kg yH kGn hy s s s q q q q s w gi 4k;x Li Cgu e ei e I‘fn hg hygi go cv 4hd ykrLi7pkt rgc ]k; \ X zs X 1 \ a q df gkoof jd uhctk[ rgc jkc hjln ulm jGf 4k;nf n dkyr ulm jGf s q w s s s 2k;x yef henkv ryx kd kgd ]kxkg kpkl a s s u rjkv 2Bx yef rjkv ryx l kgd g; ]kgd ulm jkv k;x kg uk'ji s , , s a s , s s jkv k;x kjc? go e suhge gN 2g hrdl kg W' Igkjc? hH e unf gN ]g , X , s q X T rgd kcy hH uhge gN 4k;x kjc? go nkc uhge gN d ujd gkoof kyg s a s s s s i 4;df gkoof Okv e kdjfev ]e uoht uiv u henkv dS df g kuql uTe s X s X s s , s 2g kry kuc rfF¬f hgo jGf ]gxt hjln jdkt jGf hen , s w kv go 4krync Cgu henkv 2g hd ∂Gf hd uync rfF¬fjfi jkv ukF¬ ueg , s , s e lkgrfb d rfkt7;‘ue 2dr tkv g hd kI‘p hd uync ukF¬ ueg jkv X s q , s s s , 2kxjd ukdqn hH kgo jkv kxs;kt e yxt `kgd kx;kt s a , X a a s jGf kr Cgu kxs;kuc henkv g; 4kx;kuc ukdn hjln ]kxLkN ukdn dS `k; s s q w s s\ q D kxjd g; ]g henkv kd gjr ltf `henkv g; kgd kx;kt jdxkH j[fkv s , a s 4g kgj yp cl g; 2kx;kuc j? k;u dS jkv u , s , kdn h;u dS jGf ]kxLkt k;Ifc7Ic ]kxjd Ødb ;‘'f jGf ]kx;kuc eJkv q s s\ a s s s s s s dS jGf `jGf kxjd k;D jdxkH jkv 4kx;kt xkH ]kxn LkN hu®i ]kxsn s , s s s\ LkN k//3kx;kt kg rk' henkv kt df g h;x h;k>el rkc hlS eg udfy s\ a s s a s T X s X s 4g Gky[f d kjnfe e Syflb ]g krdl kg jnfe okx kjwi wa s X a T , s a a 4g jnfe hg okx kji dfk;D ]X;krc kgd df hxs;kt kg huk , a a w X a s jg eg kr ]g kgd jnfe df jdkv e okx lm Ni Bkd ct jkv 4;kt kg j , X s , a a X a s w s , s s nfe okx kji kr X;kt syp rkg rk' xky df g krdl kg klS unf dS ]Cgu a a w s s s a s , s s 4hxy j? hH skdlm k;kN hykd hjkeg `u s s sx;kuc hg eg `ukd kx;kuc go `e okx xy kuc jnfe dS jdyef xky X , s X a s X a s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 932 egaP

4hd Cgu rkc ue kr aWd u rkc ]g o dr s T s T s ct df kF kugd kd krif jkv ke dfk;D `Mkt kg hlk;ül e cv df ]kgd , a X a s a T X s e r¬kj3g rIky l I?je hHv hg e r¬kj3kgd u jhokge l BkH Lc ui T s , s X s s s s \ s v kr F gj Iky jdkuGn kd krif 4h;x kg ;®e hd kukn krif jkv ke nkc s s s , s s q 1 X s , a ykl kn ]rkc hd ;≈kH 4g dhO ]kgd l ke ukgüm 2;x uke jhokge udfy s , s a s X s s 2k;x kg lk;ül kr xXy uke klS jGf jkv 4hxPc I>> ]g cyre kd u s a s s s , s \ a , s Ni dfk;D ]Sgfkp kukt xkH ikpip ]Sgfkp Cgu kuNi kd Xk;lfk;ül df g; w X q w s a rkc kr hygi `g krdl kg hlk;ül Bkd Cgd lS 4skvkt re ]Cgu7Cgu df s , s a s s s kxgd ikc ]sxgd Ic ]hxgd hu®i ]hxgd ke 2s;x Cgu Cgd kr k;nf gd u k s X s s s s a s s a e df g krkt kLkN lsS lk;ül Cgd jv 2g kld henkv df kxxy hH kdeg , s\ s a s , , s s 4g dhO df , sykc l ke ]s;x kg htkj jhokge 4sxkg gj hlk;ül pπd o df hxkg hukjg kd s s a s X s a s s s , s um kr Ni jdkt l k;lfk;ül jkv jxv 4xXkg gj henkv rqHnv Lc jhokge s X w s X a , s s s \ 4Cgu ygi dlb ]kg srdl pkl rkc hd gjr lb e s s s s q r cr ]Mkt je e ct 4s;kt kg hlk;ül kIc kje df hrdl jd Cgu hg kui a T s a s s ¥d e g; 4g jgkc d Z;ƒekl d suul jkeg g; 4ku[j re uekl je rkc T , s s q s s s s g; cv kjkckn ht rht je df kgd su ke hd jhokge 4g krgkp kukt kg hl s s s s a wa s k;ül e df kgd l krif uiv jkv l ke huiv ukgüm jkv Sg ko; jhokge a T s s , s a s X , q q 4kxLi hg kukg jkv kd s \ s , s j? lm ]g k;x ync henkv kyko ukuc kdlm dfk;D ]kxs;kt kg j? kd , s s X s gjr jkv j? go ]g ikv e j? ltf kr s;kt kv ync go 4g hrkv sl uke , T X s , , jkv ;üw' jrhH ]g hrkv l rfk' ]g hrkv l uk;÷ ync go jkv 4ync he , , s a , s , s nkv df g ykol hylv jkv 4Cgu urojfi udfy ]g k;k[lf u;kyi ],g k; T , Z s , k[lf kuxkH sukgüm ]g Sg rlfdof e k;ufn e/ kt dr cv ]g kugd kjse X T q X q Z s , `kgd kx a s ;kt jdxkH Syflb ]g ydæfe kupc l suiv 4kxpj jkll ;u Gjr kjkp , q s s a s X s uiv jGf ue hgo lki dlm3g ue kd gjr ltf ]g d‘r¬fe kd gjr ltf s , , go ]g kgj kt jdxkH henkv kt go 2g kyko ukg hgo jGf 2kxkg hgo jG , s , s s s f udfy ]kxs;kt ync eku 4kF k;x jdLkN l kg; kt ]kxn jd hL[ thp h s s\ s a s wa \ ukji hgo jGf e ]kxMkt pgi hH Cgd kgt e ]g kgj kt e ]g hgo henkv q T a qa a T wa T wa kr e df rNi Cgu hHd go kr g rkt xkH jdLkN j? dS 2g rjd hg s T s w s T s s\ T s klsS hH hlk;ül ]k;df Cgu klsS hg u kyko dkyr 4g kvg klS k'eg udfy a s X , q s s s 4g kd Igkync hd yko utk[ kr y , s s s s kol hylv 2g krync Cgu kyko sutk[ henkv go 2g krky tk[ henkv kd , s , s gjr hlm jGf udfsy 4g krkt ync henkv ]g hrkt ync h_¬ 4g kyeke k , , ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 042 egaP

4kx;kt ync Nd cl llm ]g rkc hd k;efhd hd s q s , <jrkiW d rDf;ø go ]hd uk;÷ ]hd uke ]hd rfk' g kgj jd rkc kt Te a s , a wa s 2g k;x ync hg henkv g; ]g kgj ync Cgu ukF¬ henkv g; 4g , , , k;x ync hg henkv g; 4hgj Cgu hg BkuOfd Cgd lb cv dfk;D ]g Cgu r s X , dDnf kr n kjgO e j? d k;æso lb cv3;kt kyp hH Cgd henkv g; cv s X X s s s 4<jrkiW kd rDf;ø g g; ]lk;ül g g; a , a , 2Li yp kr 4;kt ikv ]g dhO ]kgd ukgüm 4uc k/kc s \ s X , s X X k;D eg cv ]g kn;kG k;D 4g hdp kt ke®kv 4kxgj Cg; e df gd df g X , , q wa T wa , klgV hH g; jkv 4kxMkt e df gd e df g klgV hH g; 4g klgVv hg e , a T wa T , , ku kd gzxkuv lsS 4gj e df hF Ytf u ]Mkt e df hF Ytf u kd jhokge s wa T a T s 4kvg klsS 2;x yp kr kvkt yp ]kgd u kx q s s s s s s X sky d j? 4F gj kr ]kgj ]F rgd xky d j? 4kF k;x kg jckjc cl jgkc s s s s s s s s s s jkv j? ]ygi d suLkN j? kd jhokge 4Cgu hg kLkN hHd j? u jhokge , s s s\ s s\ s 4g rgd Ow> jlkjl 2kLkN j? u jhokge df g rgd yko uuke kd jhokge T s s\ s T s s s s 4kF jckjc jgkc jkv j? g; cv 4kF k;x kg go ]kF kd <jrkiW ui , s a s v Fv hylv 4kF Cgu Fv Bkd kr g; ]hF rkc <kx ydycf kukt7u ]kukt Z Z s s , q s l j? g; 4kF krLi Cgu dG Bkd llb ]rkt u hH jH uoht jhokge g; \ Z s s s 2Li yp l j? jhokge jkv 4ñte hlt hdikv c s \ s , , v ]g Cgu cyre Bkd e udkj eg cv ]g dp hg kt kr ikv df kgd sl j , s X s s X T s q s hokge jdkg Ødb u kxky d jH j? 2g kdp kt kr go udfy ]g k;yf dk s s s X s s , q s s , s j ueg df F rpkl eg 4kd udkj Cgu cyre Bkd cv `kn;kG k;D sl ud s s s s s s s s s s kj lm cv 4Cgu k; g e j? o df Cgu krxy klS ]g ukjg hH e ]kgd u T X s s wa , T s BkH 4k;x kg hlk;ül kr jhokge df kgd kd BkH Lc dum u Xkxky d j? s a s s s \ s s s s 2kgj Cgu hg ykol Bkd kukg7u kukg kdum3g rkt Om cd ]g srkt s s s T s T kl cd ]g rkt kv jgkc d j? cd ]jgkc d j? g rkt yduf cd3ikpi s T s s s T s p gjr hd k;kN dS lt ]g lsS go 4g rjd xke Bkd u ]g rjd gxkv B q s , T s T s a s T s z kd u ]g rn y[n e rkc hldf u go 2g e j? o df krxy Cgu klS ]srk s T s s X T X s s t rhc kuhge 4g h;x kg nc hg huLi kri hxntke hdum df kxy kd kxky X , s a \ w , s X s d j? jkv 2F Cgu jkv F go 2g Cgu e j? go 4g jckjc d ku udfy ] s , s , s , X T s s Xe j? kr g jhokge df kxy klsS kd kxky d j? rrhc7rrhc "o kn udfy s T s X s s s s Z s s 4g dhO dr cr ]g o dr ct ]g , T s T rgd BkH 4h;x kg e®[ rkc 4syef lk;ül >e df kgd Cgu u jhokge jG s s a s q s f ]rhc "o kn ]krhc Z"o dS 2;x kg htkj ]F henkv rHnv jhokge udfy s Z s s s s q s 2g dhO df s;x kg htkj jhokge jkv kujd re rkc rgj knt , s , s V je 2 h>l hg tkv hd lk;ül gér jkv lc yp ikc7ke df g hL\i rchl s s w a X q , s a , e hurb jiM jkeg 4kg ;x kg yxki er df kgd jkv hy Ihi hrkN u BkH q s s s s q , s
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_¬o kvQsx df3suer k;df Z;kd ukge kLc rgc3rgc g; df g rjd jkd q \ q q T s ¬eu hH eg kd >l hdlb kr3g 0fcLt eg jkv 4g 0fcLt kr go 4hrd s w s T q \ , , q \ s l kg Cgu Nd jkv hd suync rkc F;ø knk;† llb 2kdlm h>l hd uync s q , Z s s w s hg Lid kr ]kF kuync dfk;D 4g Cgu lki dlm thp Bkd hlt 0fc 4g L s \ s X , s s , q , t go ]g kr>el lk;ül kd uync _¬o henkv kt df g g; rkc kr hygi \ , a s s s , s 2k;x kg hlk;ül go ]k;yf ugi _¬o kvQx u henkv dS 2g gj kt s a s s T s ;df y[ k;D eg ]g gj jd k;D eg df g kr>l Cgu Nd hH kLkF e 0f s s T s , w q s\ X q X c eg ]g yxki ydycf eg 2g k;x kg hlk;ül ]g heko¬ xgd eg kr kxug T q , s a , s X s s i _¬o kvQsx yd go jkv 2g F¬g1x g rgd eg ]g ugi Lid nGl henkv , , T s , s s \ s dS 4g rsy ync eg hg lS Xthp 2g hrdIv ji kthp hg hlS 0fc hjkeg T s s s , X s q 2h;x kg Igkync jkv k;nf [yf eJkv gxt hd j? 4Cgu kync Nd Cgd ] s , q T g sync Glf eku 2h;x kg Igkync ]g rgd eg3g kry kuc eJkv jdLkN Z s T s , s s\ eJkF¬g1x kuiv Bkd 2g ry >el ekd rgc kd uy ync eku eg udfy s T s s q s s s s 2hgj hgo rkc ]s;x ync eku 2k;x kg jtu s s e tkv go ]kF dyfke yd kt 4kF kd jhev jkv kd chjx kylkG kurtf , s , ]k;x kg hg kurm kylkG kd k;jfkd/fkRl7jx jkv d k;jfkd/fkRl3;x skg s X , , s X s s \ L[ sylkG s;u udfsy ]kvg ed kylkG kd phc d jhev7chjx ]hync ry q s kg hukji 2kF kt ]k;x kg W' kylfylf cl kdcl hgo jGf 2Oc jiM r¬x q s s q s , z xkj hg o jGf 2hd Igkync u k;rDf;ø r¬xxkj hgo dfXk;D ]Bg u Igkync s s s X z s q Bkd jrhH ]Bg Igkync hjiM 4Bg u Igkync Nd jkv hd Igkync u lW s q q q , s 4g kvg hg klS 4sxy kuc rxt kd gjr hlm eg jGf , q s X kF;üv ]Xync rDf;ø r¬xxkj df lsS hg kxync rxt go udfy 4g kNπv hg z s s s s , kurm ]s;kt ync rxt go ]g k;kuc rxt kt u kxky rk'v ]r¬zxxkj eg , s s X s a s 2g uc dyfke d kI‘kj henkv rk'v 2g gj kyp ryknv henkv rk'v T s s X≠ a T s X a 2g gj jd gkoof henkv rk'v 2g Sg s;klc k;ufn henkv rk'v 4;kpe T s a T q q a X o–im df g dofkHko¬ Syflb ]g rk'v eg 4g k[j kpe o–im hGkd ueg , T a , s 4hrdl kg Cgu s xo¬ k;ufn dr cr ]xuc Cgu ikc jkv hu®i ]Ic ]ke xky d gjr lb dr Z q s X , s s a s s ct udfsy 4g krdl kg ke ]g krdl kg hu®i o®rDf;ø kd gjr lb 4g kr , s a , s , dl kg kIc ]g krdl kg BkH henkv g; ]g krdl kg krif henkv g; 4hrd s s , s , s l uc Cgu Zxo¬ k;ufn dr cr ]sxOc Cgu ji ukdn henkv lS dr ct jkv q X , q s s , 4g krdl Oc hH ji ukdn henkv g; 4kx;kt kg W' <keuf kd , , q s s q Z k;ufn h;u3hxntke hdlb 4kxs;kuc k;ufn h;u g; ]kx;ht Cgu e k;ufn l q w , q s X q m g; ]hF h;kuc k;ufn kt su henkv ukji lm Syflb 4k;x kg henkv kjl q s s q s n g; cv udfsy ]Cgu 2kxOc ]kxsOm ]kxyp 6ekd kxjd go 4hx;kt ync I w s , s s s ‘fn hd su[n hdlm dfk;D ]kx;kt ync cl lkilkv d henkv Sg sync dS 1 s X s s q
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jrkv kd ukt e okHo¬ uiv rDf;ø d;®i g Fv kd lk;î hd e/ 4g Cgu q s s X s s z , Z Z , <jkd Bkd jkv kdlm ]e k;ufn g lk;î kt hd e/ kr >el l uk;÷ jxv s , X q , s Z s X s 4g hrgkp kukg e ok , s X Ho¬ uiv thp d;®i 4kg krkv kd upgi e okHo¬ uiv3thp dS lc 4hx s s z s s s qa X s ;kt pgi gxt huiv k[k' jkv g kujd Cgu hH go ]F gj jd ikv kt d s qa , , s s s ¥fc ]g Cgu kujd Nd kdikv e suLkN 4g krLi kujd Nd kdikv e uLd , q s X s\ , \ q s X s \ i 4g oIfstki kuLdi 4g Cgu oIftfki ]g oIfxuf kuLkN 4k;x kg kuLkN 4g , Œ \ , Œ , s s\ s s\ T gj jd Cgu cv ]F rjd ikv k;∂f hd uLdi kt df g cyre kd uLkN s s s s \ s , s s\ 4g Cgu k;∂f kuLkN udfsy ]g hrLi eyke k;∂f hH kuLs\kN e k"kH dfakykg , s\ , \ w X 4k[k' hx;kt pgi gxt huiv go ]n LkN ikv 4Xj s qa X s\ d u jH go ]g gj jd /fof hdlb hd udkj kt djd kiÎ ikv 4g Cgu / T s s s s s , fof Bkd ]sxgd kr `g /fof Bkd hd sukpgi liko ji gxt hdlb kdlb d s X s , s qa s f Ni Bkd l>e jGf jkv y pC[ jdLdi phu eg kd k[k' hd {o hldf s w s s q , X \ s s 1 4g k'n dofkHko¬ hd Fkg ]kukg kvg , s q ky[ 4g ekd kjkeg ku/kc ]g eg r/kc 4g kvg ky[ ikv uiv Fkg ]okH q , a T s a , q q s o¬ g kvg ky[ 4g Cgu k;∂f kuyk[ ]g k;∂f ku/kc 4hx;kt y[ hØe ]jd , q q , s , a s q q X u jH go ]g gj jd /fof hd u/kc kt go 4hrkg Cgu /fof Bkd hd uyk[ T s s a s s s s s ]hF /fof hd su/kc hØe df kxgd llm e udfy ]g dhO kr krNi kr `g a q wa s T s , s w s , k;D /fof hd suyk[ hØe df Ni l>e Bkd jkv 4g Sg /kc hØe ;el lb s q s w s q s , T q s a q 4g kun LkN kujd cl ]g Cgu , s s\ , kujd Nd kgo 4g u'DS7ku ]g k;∂fv3kgd ue hH Nhi dfp kd rkc lb q a , s , s T s wa s 4g kr;ü'7/fof kr uk;÷ 4g Cgu /fof Bkd hd uk;÷ , w s , s 4g hrkg rcte krQx l gto hdlm ]hrkg Cgu rfx e uk;÷ l gto hd , s w q s s X s lm 4hxLi huk[lf k;/fof kr g kugj kd kvQx 4g rk[lf /fof hd gjr sj X \ a s , s X q T s ln Qqx kyG jkv g krk[lf /fof hd gjr lb Qx kyG df Ni re hH g; w a , , q a X w jkv 4g rkg jkdi urdf d uk;÷ df Ni re hH g; Syflb jkv 4g Cgu / , T s s z s s X w , , fof Bkd uk;÷ g; 2hxkg ld /fof kgo ]g ykol kd ujd7u kgt udfy 4kj s s s , a , s a s s d lsS ]kjd lsS3g hrdl kg /fof hd kvk;∂f 4hrdl kg Cgu /fof Bkd hd s s s , s X s s k;∂fv 4g hrkg /fof kr sxjd k;∂f ct 4g hrkg hd k;∂f k'eg kr /fof , s s X , s s s 4g Cgu Syf d krkc hlt uk;÷ go ]g Syf d krkc Mkyp7ekd rqgc , s X , , s X go ]g hd rlfdof ueg k"kH kt dfk;D ]g BkuOfd jkv kehl huiv hd k , s s X , , "kH e ujd rD;øHfv 4g Cgu /fof Bkd uk;÷ 4g hjWt ku>el kLkF kdlb X s , s , s\ s `g Cgu /fof Bkd k;D hd uk;÷ df g kNi u _ef dS , s , w s 4g uk;÷ jk} kd uync kdlm 2Cgu , s s hg krpV Bkd hd uync lm ]jrhH g rDf;ø kt go udfy 2g gj jd eg s s s , s s T s cl g; ]g gj ync ukF¬ ]g gj ync eku ]g gj ync thp eg 2Syf ugi T s T s T s X
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kukt Cgd s>r ]g hg ji j? uiv r 4kx;kt yduf jn Cgd df kOc Xe hLkx q , s w s w , \ dfk;D 4kukt kv re e krkc hd yko hL\kx hldf ]kuLi re e jdDp d Q X X X s \ X s q x hldf ]kuLi re e jdDp d kru hldf ]re kukt Cgd r 4kx;kt kyp j \ X s s w s wn l j? kr k;x hH Cgd cv 6g ntke ke ji j? ]g e j? uiv r dfXk;D s s , w , a , X s w 6kx;kt yduf jn l j? kr kOc e hLkx jxv ]yxki ]kgd u kxky sd lkL\i s w s s , X \ s X s s 2xn kpgi e s X qa g ]ji lb kvkt Oc ]kgd sulm 4k;kv y hLkx go ]kF hH dol;o¬ e okx s , s \ s a X a 2g k;x k;D kg s>r ]kyp jrhH d j? ]kIc ]hxy ugd jd[j Fkg , s q s s s s ji jlf dlm ]h;kv jgkc jdyk[ ktkojn ]rkj h/kv hd ke hy[ nCu 4hxk s s a q s g hr[n gkj ke hje ]kn kpgi j? s>e ]kvk>el re F;ø >e3kxy uky¥p s a s s qa q s Z s q s f henkv go ji 2kg sOc e j? ];x kg yxki ]k;x kg k;D df xy ugd ]x s , X s s s s s s y ukygf lm ]s;x kg Ødb xky d lkLi7lki 4kvkpgi j? je >e Bkd d s s s s s s s \ s qa s s s q s f l jkt7jkt kxy uky¥pf jdOc ji k;Pfhl kr kF krkv Cgu e ukpgi j? s s s s , X \ s X 4kF e s'u udfy ]k;x pgi j? kvg krykII gjr hldf 4j? uiv kIky j X s qa q s s , dhi ckj' 4jdkt e jktkc k;yf hi ckj' unf dS henkv dS ]g kuql uTe X , s 4g rkc hd BkuOfd hLc g; 4 , \ kukv Iky e j? suiv ]kukg e suiv ]kukg e okHo¬ uiv g cyre sl uk;÷ , X s X s X s , 4g krpV ]okur kurb ]rfk'v hurb Syflb jkv g r;π hH n[ eg 2sl , a , T q q gxt huiv7huiv g gj jd r;π kd jln7dS cl eg kgo ]g tkel kji T s q s s w a , w kd kji kvg kp[V kt g; 2g gj pC[ kd jlwn7dS cl ]g gj pC[ kd ikc w q s T s s s T s s s s , Ic ]g kgj pC[ kd Ic ikc 2kpC[ Sk[k' hd jln7dS df go 3kjkeg g s s s s a s w , /cl hg dS lum ]g rgd h/cl eg kdutf go 2g gj pC[ kd jlwn7dS a a s T s a a s T s s s xky 2g gj kt p[V Gjr xyv7xyv ]g xky d kvk[k' Sg p[V cl eg s T s s T s s X q s 4kx;kt jgO ]kx;kt kg uke ]kx;kt kg rpæVuf {o ]hxs;kt jgO 6hx; s s s , s s 1 s kt pgi gxt huiv k[k' ]n LkN udfsy 2g okur Nd Cgd ]okp[V Nd C qa X s\ , q q gd ]g h;x kg LcL\x Nd df hx;kt pgi jc[ dr kLt 4xX;kt Li e Bku , s \ q s qa X \ s \ X Ofd <ki d {o jwi3hxp[V ]hxXxy uygf hH Sk[k' hjln 4xxy ukiadid z s 1 s X s a w s X s a <ki d {o jkl 4sx;kt p[V q;ku¬ dlb ]hxs;kt Lkn e k'j7xj jkl dlb h z s 1 s X s ,\ X X s s s upc jkv pC[ kjt lb 4h;x kg rk' hld jdkg gxt huiv 4[n kd k[k' , s , X s s a , s X s s 4g Sg p[V Cgd T q s eg 4g k;x kukr ]kpC[ Nd Cgd eg 4g kd ukg Nd eg df hg; go 4g , q X T s s s q T Cgu e okHo¬ uiv eg df hg; go ]g rfk'v kt g; 4g upc Syflb jkv X s , a s T , s , T s g gj dIH j/m7j/b Cgd l okHo¬ uiv eg ]g rq;π l okHo¬ uiv eg s s T s s 4hxgj Cgu rjWt hd s e/ 4kx;kt kg hukec e/ ];x pgi e okHo¬ xky unf ltf 4hxgj huc r Z s s s Z s qa X s s jWt hd e/ dr cr ]g hrpgi Cgu e okHo¬ uiv k;ufn dr ct jkv 4g Z , qa X s q , ,
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kol hd hldf jxv 4g iki kr ji Rpf kg hrkv krpV e ukuc d jnfe d s , s s X s s a S jxv 4g iki go kr g krLi kukt jgkc d okHo¬ eltf ]g rjd ikv ; , s , \ s X T s ≤i Bkd hH klS jxv 4g iki go ]g krLi kujd jdkt jgkc d okHo¬ kt q s s , , \ s s 4g ;≤i hgo ]g krkt kg rgj e okHo¬ kt ]g Fv hg kurb kd ;≤qi , q , s s X s , Z 4g iki hgo ]g ydrfi ]g , , w z , rhjiof ]g jgkc d okHo¬ kt df g hg hurb e I‘fn hje k"kHjfi hd iki , s s , X 1 s 4kxLi kukt jgkc d okHo¬ slm 4 s s kxSkt ur Rpf kji kdlm 4Cgu `g krdl jd ekJof Bkd djd k;®g `g w , s s , krdl kg rk' Bkd djd hjkp `g krdl kg rpæfuf Bkd djd hjkp 4g kr s a s s s , s s s s , kg Sg kp[V go I? lhckp 4g hrpC[ l,t hjkp 4g krjd hjkp henkv dS s q s a , , s s , s 4g krLi kup[V >e 4g k , \ s q , rky [n Syflb ]g ydrfi d okHo¬ je dfk;D 4g Cgu /acl Bkd jkv kd q , w z s s s X , a s , s q , jc 4g krky [n kjc Syflb 4g krky [n go ]g ydrfi d okHo¬ kt jk q q , q , w z s s , v 4g ydrfi d okHo¬ je kt3g krkg Cgu Fv Bkd jkv kd jc 4ydrfi , w z s s s s , s Z s , s q w z d okHo¬ df g kurb Fv kd jc g krkg kjc hH kt df g Cgu hg kri Xeg s , Z s q , s q s , 4hrdl kt Cgu hg hd hjkp jGf dfk;D ]hx s X kg e/ hH hjkp go df g krgd e kr hd hH hjkp jGf jxv jkv `ikv g s Z s wa T s s , T s rdl jd hjkp jGf ]g ke®keji kyko ujd df k;x yp kri g; hg slt ` s , s , g rdl jd hjkp3g Cgu kyko ujd e df k;x kyp okH g; hg l,t udfy T s s wa s T s s 4g kgj jd e df g okH kd kRd go 4g ku wa T , Z , jd hjkp 4g ed hjkp 4g hrLi hujd hjkp 2kxWd Cgu ]g krgd go udfy s , Z s , \ s a , s 4jd re ]jd re3g , krgd jd jkdi7jkdi jrhH kr okHo¬ jkv 4g hjWt kukt jgkc d okHo q q s , , s ¬ Syf d ujd hjkp dfk;D ]kx;ki jd Cgu hjkp kr s;kt kyp e okHo¬ u s s s X s s s X s iv jkp jxv 4g krht e e/ rDf;ø Bkd hg e okHo¬ `g hd hjkp hHd u s , X Z s X , s s hldf e okHo¬ 4<jkd d ukg u e okHo¬ ]g krjd hjkp jkp df g hH k X s s s X , s s , pkl hHd 4g Cgu kujd hjkp okHo¬ kd jkp df kdikv g Cgu hg kri hHv s , s s s , `kxs;kt kg LcL\x cl ulk'uv ]e/ ]rfhu Xe k;ufn kr x s \ q Z q s s y uke rkc hdikv 2kxjd hukeBc ukeBc ]kxjd k;®g kjk;®g ]kxjd hjkp X s s s s s s jkp kr jd jklquv d okHo¬ suiv cl df g kNi u _ef dS e /cal lb s s X s , w s X a 4g hrkt kN e uoht jkl rfk' dS ]g e j? uiv eg df g kryp kri , X s a T X s , g; hg lt jkv g eg kgt ]g Cgo eg 4g gxt huiv eg ]xX;ki eg ];kt s , , T a , T s s kv 'kg 4g yk;[ kd Sg p[V e h'kgc Glf ]Arr¬o g Cgu hH p[V eg s , q s X s s Z q , s 4g e j? uiv , X s r df kx;ki kr kx;kt kv e 'kg jkv 4g kukv e 'kg ZGlf >r ]g Cgu w s s s X s , , X s s q ,
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rHnv Nd jkv 4hn jd su Xkxky d j? ]Cgu hd Nd ulm dfk;D ]g dhO q q , s s q s X , kugd hg hnk' 4Bg hnk' hd Jef rfi¬pko 4g hI? kuI? rHnv rgc dS q , q q 4g krkv e okHo¬ uiv Bkd hg , X s s s , , lt ]g krkt Ief k;kji kuiv kgo 4g rkc hg jkv rgc <jrkiW kd uoht a , , q a 4g hiNf hjkp e okn d u/ je dfk;D , s X s s s s X ]kxgj jkp henkv go dr cr ]g; g u/ kje df g krgd Bkd dr ct 4 s s , s , s hxjd kNhi h_¬7ji dr cr ]g yk;[ kl,t h_¬ huiv dr ct ]gj uk;÷ g; s , s 4g gj [sn kd h_¬ hd jln cl df g kri kdcl dfk;D `g iki ku[n kd T s s s w , s X , s s h_¬ hd jlwn df g gj k>el rl7/kl k;D jkv `g kgj ky¥pf k;D jkv 2 s T s a q X , , X , g iki ku[n Gjr hd h_¬7ji df g kgj ky¥pf jkv g kvg kL[ henkv jd , s , , , q \ /kc kd kokH cl ub jkv g okH cl s; `kxWd k;D e jGf kr kxs[sn Bkd a s X , T a T s s Gjr hd h_¬ hje kr ]k[n Gjr hd h_¬ hd jln ue jxv df g jL hH g; s s s s w s T , slm j,kv 2g kL[ Sg Snf kjgi hH go ]g hd jln hldf h_¬7ji go udfy , \ q , s w s 4kg u kje kt ]pc u hH Nd klß 4Sgfkp kukg kje h s s s s q s s H go ]g kd jln hH kt 4kjd jkd/fv ji cl lb 4g krLi h;k[nf xk;® , s w s s , \ kd jln ]ukK kd jln ]ni kd jln 6ji lm g hrLi h;k[nf rt†b hd jl s w s w s w , \ s w n ]ji lm g krLi h;k[nf ukde kd jln ]ji lm g hrLi h;k[nf jkd hd , \ s w , \ s w s jln 4kjd jkd/fv ji lm kxgd ue ]g kyef Cgu jkd/fv ji ltf jkv s , , 2g , h;kji Syflb ]kyef Cgu jkd/fv ji lm 2g huiv Syflb ]g k;x yef j , , kd/fv ji lb 4g h_¬7ji l gto hd h_¬ huiv go 4g hH h_¬ huiv dS j , s , /m df g h_¬7ji Syflb h_¬7ji go 2ky jd jkd/fv hH ji lm df g kr , s , jkdi jkpof kd jkd/fkdS dlm ]g Cgu kje kt 4g krkt gj Cgu jkpof k q s , s s , d jkd/fkdS dlm ]g kje kt 4kg u kni jkpof kd jkd/fkdS dlm e ue s , s s s , s X jkeg jkv 4eg g kri kdlm ]g Cgu kje kt df krdl Cgu kg g; 4hxgj s , X , , s s s s huc kuekd k'eg hd ujd jkd/fv ji lm ]g Cgu kje kt ]gj uk;÷ jkv s s , s s s , 2Cgu hje g; jkv hje g; df g krgd kt3go kxgj krjd kNhi kd h_¬ s , s , s s 7ji dr cr ]g hgj kg eyke huiv h_¬ huiv dr ct ]gj uk;÷ jkv 4h;x , s w s , kg hg jckjc d h_¬7ji hH h_¬ huiv kgo 4g ydæfe hH kuLi Nhi sd h_ s s a , q \ s ¬ huiv ]jn kr h_¬7ji kgo ]g okHo¬ kgt df Fv kd okHo¬ ]Cgu >el o w s a , a Z s s 2kx;kt Li sNhi d h_¬7ji kyko ugkp kd h_¬ s \ s s s 7ji kr n LkN jkluv d okHo¬ suiv cl jxv df g kNi ukgüm 4g kvg k s X s\ q s , w s X , q O,c jkp jrhH dcl eg dfk;D ]g kNi hg dhO lS ]g kNi u _ef utf g; s s X , w s s , w s 4g ;≤i hgo ]kg krkg l okHo¬ ]kg krkg l okHo¬ ]kg kr , q s s s s s s s kg tgl kt 4g iki go kr kg hrLi hujd r¬njct ]kg krLi kujd uen Xe s s , s s \ s \
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`kgd Cgu k; X D sur ]kxMkt kyp e jkv kxm tjl gcl yd jkv g h;x kg hji ckrdf w a T , w q , , s w jkv3hxs;kt kg hji ckrdf g; df g k;df ;r kr ue dfk;D `kgd u Xk;D , s w , s s T X hg e phc ur ]yxki 4h;x kg jn hLc kr g; ]kgd ulm 4xy ukj rfi¬pko X s w s s \ s s s s s 4g hrjd k{hri l cr 4F ;kv sy j? >e djd gkoof ]xkg ;x yH wa z s s s s q s s X s w ikv n;k' ]ygi "o gjkc 2g ukd df hxn jd unouf kr xNi hHd ]hF k s Z wa , wa s s s X w {hri l "o gjkc 2kr kNi tkv df je xkH;ü/ ]kgd u hu®i hd rfi¬pko z s Z s w s s s 2kg; g ukd r ]kgd ulm a , , w s jkv k[n Fkg kdlm e s;hn Sg syt lm u rfi¬pko kGn hygi 4k;kyt k; , s X q s hn sulm jkv h;kv go 4hF hrjd kol hdlm gjr hd k;kN kr hu®i hdlm , s s 4k;x >c k;hn df g kgj [yf go kUi hj[fkv 4g kd ukg kji ;‘kH kd _ q , , s s s w w z l‰c go 2kxn LkN j? go unf hlm ]unf ltf kx;kt kg kji go3;‘kH kd s s\ s s w _l‰c3F gj [yf ckrdf kt go ]kF k;df ;r u rfi¬pko3nkc "o gjkc w z s s s s Z 2hF hrjd kol hdum gjr hd k;kN hu®i 2e dky d jn hldf sF s X s s w s s ;k[ go ]F gj jd ekd rgc go 4F gj [yf kdhI hd _l‰c ]F gj [y s s q s s w z s s f ;‘kH ji kn"ufim Nd go ]F gj [yf ckrdf Nd go 2krgj kr[yf rfi X q s s X q ¬pko ]jHrkj go hF hrxkt 2dr "o gjkc jdOc e j/v hgj hrjd k{hr Z , X s s a i go 4g kpπd rgc ei kje jGf kr n k/kc lm ]Xe rkKv jn hldf ,g k; z , q zs s s X s w k[ gjr lb kt df kukt ulm 2kg s;kv sy Syfldf >e ]g hOc j? e df C s s s s s q wa , T gu hH kLs\N lm jdkt jkc dS sulm 4hF Cgu hd ;¥we ed l rfi¬pko go s s 4hxkg hgj rqHnv hH hu®i jkv 4g hI? Cgu hHd e k;ufn n;k' kuI? hlß s , , X q 2g e j? hu®i df k;x hg yH k , X w s d hu®i go hg Fkl 4k;x kv kte kd kyko j? ]k;x kg e®[ ekd kd hnk' s X s 4gj xy e ekd uiv rfi s s X s ¬pko jkv ;x rhc ykl gjkc jGf 4ji j? k;kv y kd hu®i 4h;x kg hnk' , s s s s 4kF krgj kvqg k; k[ e 'n hg jkv hldf go rkj7unf dfk;D ]kF eyke Cgu kd hldf 6Cgu k s X s , X w s ;D ]kxjd k;D kd yd df kF klß henkv go dfk;D ]F Sg jL xky d j? s s X s q s s s 2xjd Cgu g krgd ]uko_jfp s X , g g; kurdf 4kNπv kIc kvg g; df g krkv lj rgc e ue jrhH udfy , s q , q X s 2g rk>qc7rk>el ]g krkv kte rgc 2xjd hnk' Cgu3g rjd jkdb Ic c T s s , q s X T s a s s t ]g krkv kte kLc hH kd ikc7ke 4kxjd jkdb df hF k'kv l dLy lb , \ s a s a s s \ 2 ñte hl,t ]kgd sulm `sxkjd hnk' ]xkyp ]kgd u kxky d j? 4g rkg xky s s s s X s s T s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 742 egaP

4g krdl kt Cgu Nhi d hldf jGf go ]g krk , s s , t kyp Nhi suiv kt jkv 4kukt yp Nhi uiv g cyre kd ukt e okHo¬ s s , s s s , s X 4xX;kt Cgu Nhi d hldf jGf ]s;bkt yp e okH s s s s X o¬ 2;x syp Nhi d h_¬ h;kji jGf 4hxs;kt kg ydæfe hLc kr cr ]g e u s s s s q \ s , X e gkp hd h_¬ h;kji jkv s;x syp e okHo¬ jxv df g rNi _ef go jkv , X T s w , 4g rht e okHo¬ xky hg lß dhO `hx[nf T s X s s s Cgu ke e h_¬ ldf cv kr h;x [nf ke ct e hu®i huiv jkv `g krdl a X s a X , , [n hu®i hd jln go k;D kr hrkg Cgu hu®i hg huiv hd henkv slß cv s s w s s 2jH hxnt a f hgj hg ake h_¬ go jGf 2kxkg k;D cv 4cv h;x hg kg kr ke hje 4g kr s s s a s , i s>e kd ke udfsy ]g hrkg hld df Cgu kri >e kr kd hu®i ]kgd ukgüm q a , s , s q s s X 4hrdl kg Cgu ke hjr ]g hu®i hjr g; ]kgd u kxky um s a s , s s X s 2h;x kg ake h s je 2yjl hg hurm ]hykH hg hurm3g hl,t ke hje ydycf ]kgd ukgüm kr s s , a s q s X s `k;yf jd k;D g; ]yxki df xy ugd xky d j? cl kr s s s s s 2S yf Li ji dlm jkv [j ji ji dlm ]sykduf s;iQ uhr ukgüm 4g h;kv u \ , s , s , s s X , s lkji hdLy go 4g sOc ji hykF o jGf 4su[n kd hdLy lm g s;x o jGf s \ T , s s s \ T s 4g '[ hg rgc o 4kF kvg Cgu hHd klß 2g rn [j jnv T q q s q T s s a jduxf jkc7jkc kdum go ]g ;nf ykL e lh[ dum u ke hH s;iQ uhr jk s T s X s s s a , v g ;x yef Lid s;u tkv df g '[ rgc o 2g jn hurdf ]g kuyp cd T s s \ T q q s , s , ]g rNi jgkc jdkv jkc7jkc 4g Sx kg jk;r jd>el7pkl rgc 2g gj k T s w T s , s q T s t u[sn kd hdLy ]g sugi Lid ;u7;u o3;x <‘Îekj 4F <‘Îekj hg slß s s \ T s \ s s s s s 4g , krht e okHo¬ uiv henkv klß 2g krLi h;k[nf k;D kd henkv lß 4Tg hg X s , \ s s j Li h;k[nf hgo ]g hgj uc jho¬r e [kv ] udfy ]hxLi kr h;k[nf ]akg \ T X X a s s \ s `g hrdl Li h;k[nf h_¬ kd henkv lß `g akg , \ s s , d h_¬7ji kr ]Cgu h_¬ huiv 2hLi Cgu h;k[nf h_¬ huiv ykl gjkc j/b s \ `g hrdl Li h;k[nf h_¬7ji kd henkv lß cv ]kF ip Nhi ykl gjkc kt , \ s s q s s 2e nk; hdlm k[j 9hre X kH8 eku kd ckrdf udfy ]l kdhI hd _l‰c g Cgu /acl Bkd kd hrekH s s w z , a s 4kF eku kd hu®i hrekH 4k[j 9hrekH8 eku kd ckrdf Xe nk; hd hu®i lm 2kF k;D hH Sgfkp jkv k;x yef cl >e3kgd u , s q k;D sygi sur kr ]kxMkt kyp gcl tkv jkv ]hn jd jn ur df3Syf jse X w s a q , s s w s hd jgfkt krpV hurb uikv 4g Cgu jn hH Nd udfy ]kgd u hu®i hdlm s , s q s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 842 egaP

2rki Cgu hH ukpgi ]rki Cgu hH [ s s n kd ;®l eg df g ;x kg hnkv urb d O> eg 2g krkt kikF l jiM k s s T s s s s w , s s s t ]g rukpgi kd ulk'uv hlm eg dfk;D ]jldv srki ukpgi Cgu eg jk T s s q X , v 4g krkg djfrkv kt ]g krkg ulk'uv dS kd rDf;ø yko uht e okHo¬ , s a s , s q s s X 4g krLi kujd , \ Cgu kni lm 4g krkv l jrhH ulk'quv dS kr cr ]g r[n ct jkv 4Sg , s , s s T s s , fkp hu[nf 4Sgfkp kukg Cgu ykol kd uk>el d hldf go 4Sgfkp huL\i h; s s s k[nf 4g hrkg hO> k'eg rkc hd su>el 2g r>el ugc7ke huiv kd ugc , s w s T s a s 7ke hd jln kd hu®i hd jln eg 2g hpM rgc kr;˙l hjkeg ]g rgd eg a s w s s w , a q T s 4g kr;˙l B , q g hL[ ji kOw> d gjr hlb cl jkv 2g kr;˙l hLc ]g rfάl hLc df g \ X s , , \ , a \ T s rkt yp s;df ukx ojkx eg hg dlm jkv 4g tkel kvg kL[ ji k;ƒef hl s , s , , q \ m jkv 4g kO> jkv k;ƒef jlkjl go ]g ulk'uv kt kd uk>el klß jkv , , w , , q s s , 2ku>el klß df g rikF l jiM eg O> ]g r>el eg sl T s s s w T s kjkv Bkpl 4g krLi kuk>el eg go ]g r>el Cgu eg kt dfk;D ]ku>e X , , \ X T s s X l ke df g krLi g; kuk>el 4g hg r>el eg go dfk;D 2rk>el Cgu g a , \ T s X s o3ku>el hu®i huiv kd hu®i kd jln df kd hldf rk>el Cgu ikv hHd s s s w s s 2kxLi ku>el g; cv jkv g dp >el s \ , T s q hg sygi go ]g Cgu ku>el kt df g Gkl cyre kdlm kr ku>el klß d , s , s f g rgd eg ct `g krdl kg pl hHd kyeke kd u>el cv 2ku>el u T s , s s gc7ke huiv kd ugc7ke ]h_¬ hd jln df g rk>el kd pπc uiv hH eg a s a s w T s s s s 4k[n klß ]g ake hje g; df k s s , s xLi Cgu kuk>el klß kd <‘Îekj cv 4kxkg kvg k;kv l jrhH go 4g kr s \ s s q s , Li kuikF l jiM ltf ]kxkg Cgu ulk'uv klß Bkd go ]hxkg Cgu uyîfl \ s s s s q s s fLf hlß Bkd go 4g hrLi hujd rtfk;kv l jiM kt ]hxkg Cgu kF¬o;ø hl s , \ s s s s ß go udfsy 4hx;kt kv kF¬o;ø kr sx;kt kv e okHo¬ 4g Bg hyG kF¬o;ø s s X X , q , v 4hx;kt yG kF¬o;øv Bkd kr ;kt kv e okHo¬ df gd re g; Syfhlb s , s s X X X 4g ;kuI? hyko uI? jgkc d okHo¬ jkeg o ]g o T X s s s s T kHof cl d cl o 6 h_¬7ji j,kv ]k;®g ]iki ]hjkp go 6i/7Lkn hjkl go ] s s s w ,\ kukv kukt cl go 4g kukt kdldf sNhi dlb cr ]k;x yef hg n[ kd n[ , s s q s q ];x yef ct jkv 4g udIH dr cr ]eg g kyef Cgu dr ct kr go `k s , , X , s x;kt k;D sNhi d jln jGf kr g kry ki Bkd jdkt Nhi hg uiv ct jkv s X s s w s , s s s s , 2g rdIH sNhi d jln Syfhlb 4kxyef Cgu Nqd l u T s s s w s s s kt sNhi dlm 4kxs;kt yef Nd l sukt sNhi dlb df g krxy 4Nhi d Xkvk s q s s , s s ;kN3g rdIH Nhi d jln eg dr hHr ]g ;x Cgu Nhi uiv eg dr ct T s s s s w T s s s
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044 fo 942 egaP

`kvg k;D o q Huv k;u lcl df kNi llm u kxky kr k;kv ji hoƒi jdIky ct ujfxkx q s w s s X s s 1 , 2kryp Cgu kri Nd eg udfy 2kF >kc kurdf ji hoƒi df kyp k q X s s 1 ri s>e jkc hygi df k[yf ulm kr k;x e {jfrv kGn hygi ct ujfxkx q s s X a 2kryp Cgu kri eg go 2g rkt kg hnkv F X T s s kl d <{ d ukg kni eg d >kc d ;‘ofH jkv 4rkg Cgu hnkv eg dutf s s s s , s s s , s s s ]g kryp kri kd k>kc Cgüm eg 2Cgu kri eg go ]g knk;† rgc >kc kd , X s X X , q s lb 4g hrkt hyp hrpC[ kd ue ]g hrkt hyp hrOc ji ue kui¥d hcy , s , , a hd kyd syko ukv ]kjk/ hcay hd yd g; jGf 4kxkg Cgu hHd yd j,kv 2g X s s T rLkN ji yd lm ]g krdl kg hHv kt 2e yd g krht ue kjkeg udfy s s\ s , s s X , s 4g , hHv ]g tkv go ]g krkv kt 4krkv Cgu hHd yd 4kxgj Cgu hHd go 4kx , , s s gj Cgu hH Cgd jkv rDjfrfv d kui¥d go ]g rjd rkc eg hd yd ltf s , s T s 4<{ hlb ]tkv 6kg; jkv hHv3g krdl a , , kt k;df hH kt 4krdl kt k;df Cgu hH Nd kr yd 4g rkc hd ste rqgc s q s , 4g hI? Cgu kuI? hlS e lkgrfb dfk; , s X X D ]e okx Mkv jd jc[ Mkt 2xXn yd ]g kgd uer 4kg kdl jd Nd hH X a a a s , s q s q Bkd yd df g Cgu kul dr tkv ue dfk;D ]g k;yf rht kd ;el u B s , q s T X , s s kH je df Mkv jd jc[ e okx Mkt 4g k;df kn;ko kd ujd Nd yd u s s a X a a , s q s BkH je df g kvg '[ rgc jdukt g; 4g kvg Cgu yxki ]kgd d ehH s s wa q q q wa q s `k;x kg yxki ]>r g kvg k;D ]kNi u jO‘f/f; s s q , q w s q 2kxy uxkH Gjr hd okx jkv kxy uktc go jd s a , s kOm kd I? Sg Li e lki 2kxy ulg l jkt go ]kF krul kvg kOc ehH s s a q s \ X s a s s q q , 2kxn n yd ]kukt kv wa s yd ]kusy y yd 2yd ]kgd u jO‘f/fq; 4g k;kyG uekl dum _kik{Hf u s s , , s s s hjk[Hf dS jkv g Oc ji Lik> suiv jO‘f/fq; gcl dS e kunf d lkouo , T s , s \ s q X X s 4g e hHv ]g e tkv knl kuht 4krdl ht Cgu hH , X , X Bkd e yd jkv 2g rht e yd knl eg 2Cgu hg rht e tkv eg ]kr dS s X , T s X s X s 4g Ldi kd ue jkeg , s \ s s X X e kiW rgc okur kd ;‘ofH 4g nwtke knl ji ue d ;‘ue gjr hd okur q , , s q s \ q Lc rgc hH ;‘ofH 4g d;æokv hg kurm hH kukt kg rDe l okur d ; , s q s s ‘ofH 4g hd rkc Nd Syf d sun kIg kd >kc d rhrv 4kd ;‘ofH3g hH T X q s s s s s , okur dS ue kd ;‘ue udfy 4kd rhrv g >kc3g >kc dS ue kd ;‘ue q s , s , s q 4g kukg jkdkdS l k;∂fv tgl7yjl lm hL , s s q\t l Lk‰c oS rfÎi jkv 4g kujd rDe l okur d o®uiv O> kd uiv s a z a z , , q s s s w s s 4g hujd tk[ hg huiv 4g kuukpgi skd ;o¬ ]g kujkdho¬ kd ;o¬ eg Arv , s , a , s a X
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044 fo 052 egaP

4g rgfuf gjr hji , w klgV hdlm hH e ir lm ]kxjd hg dlgV k;pæir 4g rgfuf gjr hji klg X s Z , w V hdlm hH e sujd d rzo lm 4kxjd hg dlgV hH ro 4kxgj hg dlgV ]g X s s z s , krdl kg Cgu dlgVv hH hHd llm ]kxjd hH Nd kt henkv dlgV3jd s s s q s s k;pæir ]/kl ir 6jd xk; hH Bkd go ]jd uk;÷ hH Bkd go ]jd k<jk/ Z s s s s s s s hH Bkd go ]sy ro hH Bkd go ]jd kutk; hH Nd go ]g dlgV henkv kt s z s s s q , s 2kx;kt skg s dlgVv hHd e ;‘ofH yd df g krjd kui¥d udfy ]g dlgV 2kxMkt k X , s , a s g dlgVv ]kxway ro ]kxWd <jpkv kd rfhu e 4kxWd xk; ]kxWd ku/kl ] z a T a s a kxWd eJ ]kxWd kI‘sp e g krgd g; go 2kxMkt kg rk' ]kxMkt kg dl a a T , a s a a s gVv e eüt syxv ]g krgd henkv go jkv 4g dlgV jkv h/k∂ henkv dS X , , , , s 2g Cgu hH Cgd kt , s ]g kvg k;df jkd‘ofkv kd ;el dufkKokue dS ueg Xe ylv 4hxkg Cgu , q , s s s kutk; hd uoht Bkd Syf d yd df g Cgu hH cyre g; kdlb 4x;kjd C s s s , s X gu u'otjf gcl tkv kr g kd suLdi uI gcl df g Cgu hH cyre g; k ∆ q s , s \ ≠s q , dlb 4sxjd Cgu kutk; Bkd ikv Syf d yd df g Cgu cyre g; kd ukt X s s s , s kg rDe 4X;kt kg rDe l yd syko ukv eg AroHl hHr jkv 4g d;æokv s q s q s s a , , rgc kuy >el g; ]g yH dufkKokue hjkeg kt hd uht e yd g; jkv q s , w , s s s X , 2xkv jkv xkv 2xkv s , s s 3g rht e yd hg l uipc eg 2kryp Cgu kri eg udfy ]knk;† hH sl T s X s X s uhet 4g ''fd hurdf ]g >kc kLc kurdf jkv eyke u3kd ;‘ofH hg slS , , s \ , w s 4g hrkt uc rnkv hg elm ] , X g reüt hg elm eg dfk;D ]g Cgu kri Bkd kdlb eg 4g rht elm eg T s X X , s X T s X udfy 4g kgj Li jkH kd Lki kl kn ji jhj' df l rdkr hurb g hgj p s , \ T , s s , C[ uhet go 4krkg Cgu uto Bkd kd jhj' kr g uto kd jhj' Lki kl s s s , T , kn jxv 4g Cgu uto kd jhj' ]g rgd uto kd jhj' eg kdltf go 4g s , T s s T rkt je hg ji uhet ]g rkg Lc eg hg ji uhet ]g rkg kni eg hg ji s T s s s \ T s s , uhet dfk;D ]kryp Cgu kri eg go ]g >kc kurdf ji jhj' jkeg udfy X X , s s s 2k;x kg jkHuf jhj' kj s Z kl 4k;kOm Cgu df k;kOm df Li Cgu eyke kr X;kOm Fkg 4kgj Cgu uto s \ w s Bkd 4jdkt k;x xy l rN hd uk; 4jhj' kxy uj,r jiM lt e kog 2kv s s s s , X g oHuv klsS ]Cgu hg g jhj' lt3k;x kg gjr hd BQ kd¥g jhj' 2kF j q q , s , s i jhj' lb okp[V kurb ]kF ji hoƒi ji jhj' lb >kc kurb df kL\i Cgu 1 s e >el hH g; jkv 2g jhj' kje hg; df kLi Cgu e >el 2k;x kg jkH X , , s \ X s Z uf jhj' 4kd sukt kg rDe l <Z"dko®Qx kvg oHuv k;u lcl ]kgd ulm s q s q q q s s
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044 fo 152 egaP

4x;kt skg s X rk' yd ]Cgu rkc Bkd ]g rk'v tkv ]sxgd ikv jkv 4kxkg tkv go ]Cg a s wa a X , s u krkv kr yd 4kx;kt kv hH yd jGf 2sxjd xk;im kd ikt hldf ]xXjd s s X s s xk;im kd /fof Nd 2sxX;kt kg rk' eg yd ]xgd eg kr g rk'v Rpf s q s a s X s , a 2krLi Cgu Bk[nf eg jkv g ;x \ X , T s yH ;ƒr kd klgV e krkc hd klgVv 2g k;nf jd nc ku[n kd klgV ueg w X X , a s s s df g hI? rkc dS Glf llm jkv hd ykl kjktg g rhprkc hjkeg klgVv , Z s , X , 2kxLi kuje Syf d ugj kntV jkv ]hxsLi hu[ s \ s s , \ hl k<? Syf d k{j hd ei jkv ]kxLi kujd ektrb kd jgt Syf d k{ 1 s zs , s \ a s jl hd rev jGf kr cr ]g hrdl kt hd l klgV k{j hd klgVv jxv 4g q 1 s , s , dliu rgc klgVv kr g hrLi rjWt hd klgV hH Syf d k{j hd klgVv qa q s , \ s 2g r , jWt hd klgV Syf d k{j hd klgVv ]g rgd eg jGf 4krjd Cgu rkc hd s T s klgVv Bkd jGf 2g hrkt k[ klgVv hjkeg hg rkg LHOe Fkl d ukr¬df s , s s s s\ q s ki 2h;x k[ klgVv hjkeg jGf ]k;df kyeg ji 'n u uhp 2jkv Bkd kurt s s s , s f ]g rkg 0lf dlgV hg urm eg kr g hrkv rchle ji ;o¬ ct udfy 2 T s s s s , q a s g gj jd rkc hd klgVv hg rgc eg kr l kykl lhykp ]lhpπi ]lhc j/b T s X q s s X 2g Cgu dlgVv henkv hH dS jkv g gj rjd eg rkc hd klgVv ]g pj , , T s s T s _¬k' d klgVv ]g ;kx rhx d klgVv sueg l ykl kjktg urdf ]g krjd s T s s s X s , rkc hd klgVv l ykl kjktg urdf "orjkH3Cgu ;kim Bkd kd Igkync X s X s Z s 4kxync hg sl uukt s s gjr hji go 4g Cgu hH kukyH jkv kukiNf lm 4g ;®l hg ;ƒr kd tkv w , q , s , 2g T s s ry kiNf kd uiv e S/ ]e j/v ]e kvkui¥d jkv kvkutk; hd ;‘ofH o s s X a q X s s a X X , X s s ]g rgkp ku[n Cgu kd ;ƒr d tkv hH kt 4kxkg kuy ukt l dhO kd ;ƒ T s s s s s s s s s r lb 2kx[n Cgu kd ;ƒr d tkv jkv ji ;‘ofH gjr lb kxgj kryp go s s s s , s 4kx;kt kyp {ke nkc d ;®e ]kxgd go 2kxjd kui¥d hd yd go udfy s s s q 1 s s s 4g oHlv kukg rDe l klgV hg kurm ]hx; , a s q s s kt kg ed hg hurtf kLhi hd klgV jkv 4hxs;kt kg ed go ]Sgfkp hukg kL s \ , s s \hi kt hd klgV ]l okH lb kx;kt kg dlgVv yd udfy 4kxkg Cgu dlgVv s s s s s s hHd go ]hxgj rokF; klgV hd tkv 2kxy jd O> kd klgV hd tkv ]kx s s w s s y uke ;®l kd klgVv hd yd go 2kx;kt kg kd¥g go ]g kgj Hp kIkd k s s s , q a d klgV kt go ]g 'n kd klgV kt go ]g kLhi hd klgV kt go kr kxaMkt s , a s , \ s s kg dlgVv yd kxpkl 4kxsy lj e ukcn unx hg huiv go cv ]e ukcn u s s s X s Z X s Znx hd jln hldf kF kry lj go dr yd 4g rr¬i gjr hji hH cv klgV s w s , q z w 4kx;krl kd jhj' uiv go cv ]kF krkrl kd kjhj' d jln go dr yd s s s s X s s w
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2g rkt xy e ''fkd hd ujd ei ]g hrgj ntk T s X s s zs , w , e k<? 2g rkt xy e ''fkd hd ukg dlgVv eg jkv g hrgj ntke kr k 1 T s X s s s , , w , s lgV 2g hrxy uxy eyke pl eg go ]g hO> ydycf df kt klgVv hd y , s w X , w q s d jkv 4;x kg dlgVv eg l yd df g rsy jd kui¥d eg lc jkv 4x;k , s s s T s , s X t kg dlgVv eg yd df g kvg k;kuc ;;®i dS ]jkpof dS ]ueg udfy s , q z s s 4kxkg Cgu hHd yd 4kxskg s hHv ]kxkg <{ lb <jrkiW kd uoht ]rfk∂ hd uoht ]Igkync hd uoht s a a 2rki ync Cgu kdum jkv g rkt kyO> ikv l chdjr hd yd udf s s , T s q s s T y 4g dkujr[ knk;† l k;ƒr d ikl k; l ukg xy xkv hH ;ƒr d hxntf s X s a s s s s s a 2g rkt hg y T s duf ikv ]g rkt kg Wq' kuyduf ikv 6g kuyduf jgkc <{ hlb ]g Cgu T s s , T hH rgd g; ikv 4g kuyduf jgkc >e <{ hlb hHv ]g rgd ikv cr 4x s , s q T s s X ;kt yduf jgkc yd df g rgd Cgu g; ikv cr ]g hxy xkv e j? hHv T s , X 2yd ]g , hn¥t k;D hHv 4yd ]g rgd ikv Syflb 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf uiyxki kd T s \ klgV ]hrLi Cgu Bk[nf rke hd klgV ]krLi Cgu Bk[nf jgt kd klgV kdik \ , \ s v jGf kr 2xX;kt kg dlgVv eg yd ]g rgd ikv jkv g hL[ uekl klgV s s s T s , , \ s 4g rkt kg jgkc ikv e xkyN dS 4g krLi Bk[nf jgt k T s s X a , \ d ikl 4g hrLi Bk[nf rke Fkl d ikl 4g krLi Bk[nf ikl dfk;D `Xk;D a , \ , s a , \ a X 4g rkxy xkyN rDo hlb ]hHv ikv kr g krkg kL[ uekl ikl 4xy kxy T s a s , s \ s a s X xkyN eg yd 4sx;kt pc eg yd l ikl 4kgj L[ hHv ]g dhO ]rgd Cg a X s a s s \ , s u g; ikv kr 4Sg ;kyG uG g kL[ uekl ikl dfk;D ]g rkxy xkyN hH s q s , , \ s a X T s a v 4kxMkt pc e yd df rgd Cgu klsS ikv kr g krIkd kr¬kj ikl hHv a T s s , a `g rjd k;D rkc hd yd kr g Bx kg ryx hjkp jxv 4kxn LkN hjkp T s X s , s s wa s\ s e yd df gd re g; 4ukpgi jkv [sn lm kr g hjkp ]g k<? jrhH jxv T X X , X s s , s , 1 4Cgu yd ]Cg; jkv hHv3kx;kt kg W' kuync hg kurm , s s q ;ƒr kd klgV go ]xX;kt kg Fel e su[n kdlm kurtf ]xukpgi kurtf s s Z X s s s X ]xukt lm kurtf jkv 4g k;D df Xtk[ lm ]ukpgi lm ][n lm ]g hHv s X s , , s s X s X s s , kt go 4[n kd klgV 4n jd nc rhprkc hd klgVv kr g huync klgV jxv s X s s X a s , 4krdl kt Cgu kync kdlm hHd l uyH kd ;ƒr hldf s s s w s 4g kd u;kyi jkv ukyO> kd k;ƒr ;kim g , , s q s X o 4kxkg Cgu hHd go 4kvg Cgu dr tkv 9tkv8 go jrhH kr gd rkc du s q s X fkK,okue 4sxy jd go yd ]sxXy jd g; yd ]kxkg kpkl jkc hurdf e hxn s X s s X a tf ];[fn jdIky Nhi 4kxs;kt gj hg okur ]xX;kt gj hg ur jGf 4kxkg C s s , s s s s gu urojfi hHd e hxntf jGf l rfF¬f lb 4g kupoe®kv <jd rfF¬f g; Z X a s , a
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4g pl hgo ]g kt jrhH 2g hgj yp ''fkd hd kuFki l jiM ]g /k∂ , , s , s Z z s , s jrhH 4Cgu <jkdv go ]g <jkd kdlm jkv 4g rkt kg h/k∂ jldv xky , , T s s s s yko ujd kuFki jkv ktwi 2;kt yef jlov kd /k∂ cd df g gj hH [ s s Z z , s s T s n Gjr kjkp jkv g gj jd hH kuFki kt ]g rjd kuFki kt 2s;[fn e Xkj? s X , T s Z z s T s Z z s s X 4kxgj kjH l /k∂ hg e kuZFki go s s s X z `g krdl jd kuFki ld Rpf kyko ujd /k∂ 4g okur oHlv kurdf g , Z z s , s s , a ; 4hxsyp kI‘p hd kuFki jkv kxkg jrhH /k∂ 4kx;kt Li e okp[V dS u s Z z , s s s \ X e jkv sxkg Cgu hH hHd o ]Sgfkp kuy ukt güm kr 2xkg hHd kt ]g rgk , X s s X s s X s T s p kuki kd k;ƒr um jkv 2g hHv kt ]Cgu r[n eg kd k;ƒr ub d uoht s X , T s s s s X s 2/k∂ jkv k<? g; df rgd Cgu g; o 2jd sl s , 1 s s X d kuFki ]g rgd o 2X;ki ld kd ukoxH ]g rgd o 2jd Gkl ld kd _ , Z z T s s s , s T s s X s , s ki uiv df rgd Cgu g; o `X;ki ld kd ukoxH df g rNi ]g rkv xky s s s s , s T s w T s s 2kg gj jd u®;i kd uykL kd d s s z s s r ukoxH e hlm er jkv g kLi cl jrhH jkgér df kr[nf Cgu g; géqr X q , , \ s q X udfy 4sxn jd ckj[ kd k;bkOef cl ]jckx ]jF®i ]Ldd l LkF df g k s X s X s \ a s s s\ , r[nf g; gér 2g hrdl kt hykL ld ke{ kr g /k∂ jrhH 2g hrdl kt X q , s , s , s , hykL ld klgVv kr g hLi klgV jrhH jkv 2kg Cgu jk;r kd uykL BkOef s , s , \ , s , s s er elb ]g hL\i hxnax e _ki lb go 4g k;nf gd ue ]kgd u hlk;üal lm q X , X , s T s 4sxgd hH >e Nd ]kF kgd uikv ]kgd X s q q s s ulm kr kxy uIky liko {Hf 4hn n BkOef jGf 4k;yf k/ _ki u hlk;üal s s , q s s s 4ky k/ kd _ki ygi 4g knx kr _ki g; 4kx;kt kg ckj[ cl ]kgd ulm s s s s , a s s s s `g ktg k;D ]kn ykL ]kgd u {Hf , Z s s q `ykL k;bkOef s; ld e e _ki lb ]ht {Hf ];'kge ]kgd jkv k;yf d wa a s , T X q , kj Fkg ulm 2kF kvg kLi jckx ]jF®i ]Ldd kr e _ki d k{Hf df k;x s s q \ s \ a s X s kg ukjg jd[n kr k;kv uykL e _ki d k{Hf jdy k;bkOef jkv yG sjkl s , s s s X s s a , go 4kF hH kuy Nd llm tkv 4hF husn l xP hg j,kv k{Hf kd jhdG l s q s s a s m tkv 4kF k;kuc utkH I‘nfko¬ rgc tkv u henkv lm 4k;nf kyG uekl s q s , s s d j? lm ulm _ki kd k{Hf 4k;kv uxke utkH jGf unf jln jhdG go s s a s s w 4kxn krc hH wa kr¬kj hHr ]ji jk} jr kxMkv suxke utkH e ct yd ]kgd u jhdG lm s s a a s T s 4kn krc kr¬kj Nd s>e `kxMki kjkdIN lub ld e 4,g uyt s q q a q s s , T rgc ]g k;‘B rgc jrhH je 4g /k∂ jkv g klgV rgc jrhH je 4g k<1? q , Z q s s , s , , q s s , rgc jrhH je 4g k;kv uxke [hH hH e tkv df kgd jdkt ji L\ik> d q s s wa s a T s s s lm unf dS 4hF hn [hH ulm jkc Bd 4kF krkv uxke [hH ji jk} sd he s s a nkv lm hHd7hHd jhdG go 4kgd jdkt u henkv hldf lki d jhdG dS s s
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V ]k<? 4g krk[ kd jhj' Glf kr jld 4g jld kLc jkv k<? ]g jld kL 1 , s Z s T , T \ , 1 , T c hH jkv /k∂ ]g jld kLc hH jkv klgV 4g Cgu hH Nd jld g; udfy \ , s , T \ , , q T s 2kxLi kujd Nd rDo hlb ]g rgd ]g rxkH hH s \ q T s T s v ikv 4jh/7jh/ df rgd Cgu g; ikv cr ]g jld jrhH df ;kt yp kr s s s , T s i kdikv jxv 2g k;D jrhH df kd ;ƒr lb g Cgu hg k[n ueg dfXk;D ` s , s , s s rgkp Cgu k;D eg kuync jkv 4sxXync jh/7jh/ ]g rgd eg Syfhlb 4srg s X , s s T s kp Cgu kuync eg df g hrjd Idi kd gke jkeg rkc hd uync sjh/7jh/ , z s s s s s 4xync jh/7jh/ eg df krk s X s s s g Cgu klS jGf 4g rkt ync endS eg ]g hrLi Bk[nf thp Bkd Xeg ct s T s , \ s 4g xkyN dS hxntf dfk;D ]g , a a X , kukg <{ hlb ]g kuskg kg; ]g kukg hHv go ]g kukg hH kt ]gj uk;÷ jkv s , a , s , s s s , 4hxgj Cgu rjWt hd uync kd ukero d gto hdlm df g s s s Z s , jkr¬of kLc kurb kd ;‘ofH 4g k;x kg kphu jkv I‘Îuf knk;† lcl ukeZr \ , s , s o kd ukr¬qngV Syflb jkv 4g jkr¬of kcy lcl kd ;‘ofH lki d ukr¬ngV , , a s s q 2g eüt jkv xkv 2g k;D ukldu kr k;x k[ hH eüt g; jxv 4g T , s , q s s , kvg drk? Syf dum ]g k;yf ul sukgütf udfy 4g kgd jdukt ukgüm ] q s , q X s , s X g kgd ukgütf ]eg g rgd Cgu ryx 2sxrhc xkv ruv7ruv ]g eüt ruv , s X T s X s a a T a 7ruv ]g rgd eg 2g Cgu hg hed hd ;el Syf jkeg 2g Cgu lki d d¥ a T s , s , s e hldf d k;ufn df hurb 2g kutk; hLc lcl hd ;‘ofH lki d ukr¬ngV q s q , s \ s s q 2sx[n sxkv dlm ]e eüt yxv 2g hn¥t k;D hH hHv ]g rgd eg X s s X s , T s a kgo ]g h;x h;krc rkc hcay rgc hd keüZtui eg akgt kr e 'n lb jkv , q X q X s X s , 2xkv ]jGf ]yd 6yd g krgd go 2sxn dG jdLk[m lb eg hHd ]e n s , X X \ s X kc ]jh/7jh/ ]g krgd go dfk;D ]g kgj ykL hH nk[ dr cr ]g kgj ykL s s , X , , hH huki dr cr jkv 4xn dG jdLk[m kd {o lb eg jh/7jh/ df g kr , s X X \ s 1 s s , gd henkv go 4g kgj kg kLc <{rfi thc 4g krn kc thc dS henkv dS , s \ z , s s 4hxs;kt hyp hrkg rwcte jkv go 4hxgj ntke s , s w , klgV jn hurm ]xjd dhO ikv jn hurtf jkv dhO jh/7jh/ xjd eg 4xy s s X s , s s s X s X jd dhO cl eg jh/7jh/ df g Cgu klsS go 4kxkg Cgu hHd yd g; jkv s s , s , 4sx;kt kg jgkc d klgV ikv 4g hrkt xy jd[n kd ikl lt ]hx;kt x X s s , s s a s , s y xkyN dS <{ hlb kr ;kt Li Bk[nf klgV hd jrhH uiv kdikv jxv a s s \ s s 4g rkg l rfk∂ ]Cgu l dr urojfi d hxntf T s s s a s Z Z s a 4rdl jd Cgu jn jh/7jh/ eg hH hH s w s s d kdlm ]g ryx jrhH jkeg hH kt 3kd klgV ]kd k<? ]kd /k∂ 4krdl s , s s s s 1 s s kt k;df Cgu e®[ hHd kjk} d k;∂fi hldf ]llki hldf kd /k∂ 4kxkg Cg s z s sz s s s u e®[ hHd /k∂ 4kx;kt kg e®[ /k∂ hHd ]hxs;kt kg hji kuFki hHd d s s s s s w Z z f g k'kv hd ;‘ofH udfy 4g Ow> go 4g Cgu pl go ]g kgj yp kt jiM , s , , , s
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gj hdkc klgV Syflb ]F s;df ekd jc e eüt yNif dfk;D ]g klgV g sr s s q X s X , T gd eg 2g hy jd kF¬o;ø hd ukjgO rD;;k;ü kd thp jg ueg jkv 2g sr , s q s s , T kt yp ;kjgkn eg kdum ]g h;x kg F¬Od eg Xrkc hd krk0lf Nπv7Nπv s s s s T s a X X a s s 2g k;D eg ]g eg kgd df r[n jdkOm Cgu h T T a s s H [kv eg kgo ]g eg kgt jkv 2g Cgu eg kgt ]g rgj rxkH ]g rgj sr a a T a , T a T s s T s xkH 2g Cgu eg kgt ]kgo xxkH jkv 4g eg kgt l nücf lm g Sg dp e T a a s X , T a s q T q s w g 2g rxkt Cgu rfi dlm ]g kt 4g Sg xkt rfi d ;‘ofH kr eg udfy T s z s , s T q s z s s s 4kukt xkt rfi dlm ]g kt jrhH g _l dS kd rfk∂ z s , s , w a 4Cgu cklgf Bkd kdltf ]g kre{ hLc hurb ]hd u[sn ]hd s , \ s <{hjuf 4g hrkt kg W' Igkync jkv k[n 4krLi Cgu kudQ <{ dS 4g , s q , s \ , hrkt kg W' Igkync <{ lm cr jkv g jrhH skt ]g kry [n lm jkd® s q , , , s s s k{kl7ke®kv 4g jkd®k{kl kd iWd d jrhH end kygi kd jkd®k{kl7e®kv , q s 2sxXy ync eg jh/7jh/ ]g rjWt k;D hd u[ s s , s s T s n ]g rgd eg 2g rgkp kupc l u[n eg kdlb jkv g r"fn cl g; kr T s s s s s , , w s hHv udfy 4g ke®keji kt ]g ke®kv kt ]kxyef go cr ]xkg Cgu jrhH s , s , s s s X cl s; ct 4g jrhH ke®kv df g k[yf e kckrdf 4Cgu ke®kv ]jgt d gjr , , X X s cl sxyef ]k;‘B hxsyef kr xX;kt jrhH eg jxv 4Cgu ke®kv ]/k∂ kxye X Z s s s s f kr xX;kt jrhH eg jxv 4Cgu ke®kv ]k<? hxyef kr ;x jrhH eg jxv s s 1 s s s 4g ke®keji kgt jkv g ke®kv kgt ]g , a , , a , Cgu hg kri Bkd eg kd jrhH lm 2g ke®kv kr jrhH ]g lkouf kd ke®ke s X , s , ji kr jrhH df g ry Pi kd k_¬k' eg udfy 4g knx kurdf ]iWd kurd s T s s \ s X s , a q f ]jkehc kurdf ]<≈Q kurdf go 6jrhH g kt df g Cgu hH kri n;k' slm , s , 4g krgkp kuync Cgu go ]xXync jh/7jh/ df g krgd henkv kt , s s s , s 4g hjk;r hd , , uync u ]hH kuync jh/7jh/ g; 2sxync jh/7jh/ df g rgd jGf j,kv g s s s X s s T s T rjd k{j hd k;bkjc cl hd jrhH uiv eg 2g Sg s;df hØdb yhyn rqgc s X q s T q X ]g Sg s;df utk;kv rgc Syf d k{jl hd kxkj cl ]jgt cl d jrhH T q s q s q X s s uiv eg 2kxkg ld lkdof kr hxkg Cgu k/i¬rfi 2hxkg ld k/i¬rfi kr hx s s s , s s Z z s s , Z z s kg Cgu k;‘B jrhH df sxgd eg kr g k;‘B jrhH jxv 2g jkted ]g j;kd s Z X s , Z T s T eg df sx>el xky kr hxkg Cgu klgV df g rgd eg kr g klgV jrhH j X s s s T s s , xv 2g Syf d ujk/l kd jln kr /k∂ g; df g rgkp eg kr g /k∂ jr , s s q s s w s s T s s , s hH jxv 2hd kupoi ]hd ukyOq> skd uiv g hykduf chdjr hlS ueg jkv a z s s T X s s , 2g r[n Cgu k/hl ]g T s s T rxy su[n jkudf eg jGf 2g rxy su[n j/m j/b eg ];kt kv jlov s s s T s s s kd su[n hH ct 2g rpc l u[sn güm eg 4g Cgu hg k[n hHd ueg 2rL\i s T s s s X , s s s Cgu Bk[nf eg o udfsy 4g rkt k[ kd ke®kv gjr hji kr /k∂ jkv klg X s T s s w s s ,
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kni ufky≈e®kv skt l sukg yGlv d ro jkc jkp jkv 4g krdl kg Cgu kj , s s s z , , s w z i ro df k;x kv e >el dfk;D ]k;yf Cgu jkc Copki 4k;x kg kji ro d X X a s w z f ku>el re g; kr k;yf Cgu jkc Copki jkv `g krkg k;D cyre kdlm s a , , s ]k[j ro jkc jkp ky >el ]kgd u Pc lm jkv kxy ulg kPc go udfy z s s s w\ , s a w\ s 2k;yf ro e uoht jkc j z X kp ]k;df ekd kd ctx rgc ]kpkl u kyko suul 4k;yf ro kd Z;p‰c jkc q s s X q z z jkp e hxntf huiv ue df kgd g; e kHl jdkg L[ ukgüm 4kF kgj jd X a s T X s s \ s X rkc e lum ]lc yp kt ]henkv 0o rHnv rgc dS 4kF e kRdyd Te T s s s 1 q q X 4g krkt kyp krkg <h{ lk , s oæofe®kv cr ]krki kg Cgu go df g krki jkc7jkc jkv aMkt kg g; ]aMkt s , , s kg g; df g krpkl jkc7jkc ct df g krkg rIf? jkv ek<jfi‘n dS jkv s , s , s , q , 4hxkg Cgu rDf' hH Nd l s q ki dlm jGf ]krkt gj Cgu jkcv dS kd rDf' ;‘ue jGf 4g hrkt kg < s a q , s h{ rDf' hjkl hd ;‘que e okur hlb `kx;kt kg Cgu kni okur kurdf 2 X s s , , g u≈yl e kI‘p hd ukg lm ]g Cgu kt jkv 4Cgu kr[n lm ]g kt go df a X s s s s , s , s s , s X k;D ]g kvg kur henkv jg 2g kgj jd ''fkd hd ukg go ]g Cgu kt jkv , q , s s s , s , 2g Cgu htkj kd su[n lm ]g kt henkv jg dfk;D ]g kvg kur henkv jg , s s s , s X , q 4g krjd Cgu hH Nd jkv ]g krjd , q , , I‘u kd ktM hjkl hd <ki ]kd k;rDf' hjkl hd d‘r¬fe okur go 4g krk s Z z s X , s g kni okur elm ]Sgfkp kukg kt jkv g kt 4g krkg kni okur Glf sllb , X s s , , s , s , Z `g kgj kg , s k;D g; df Cgu rpkl hHd eg jkv 2g ry okH d rDlkuv rDlkv ]g sr s s , T s s s T jd rkc hd Hkyv hHky jkv ]g rjd <gx ro kd dlgVv dlgV jkv ]g s s , T s z z , T s rsy ro kd ;p‰c hekd ]dfkykg `kpkl uikv hHd g; ]g krdl y ro k z Z z a s s , s z d ;p‰c ld hekd jkv `kpkl uikv hHd g; ]g krdl jd k<jk/ hd ke Z z s , , s s , { ld h/k∂ `kpkl uikv hHd g; ]g krdl jd <gx okH kd dlgVv sld s , s s s , z , dlgV 4g kuokHlv g; `g krdl jd <gx ld okH kd klgVv dlgV cv , a , z s , 2kjd <g s x okH kd klgVv er df g rk>el kd dlgV o 4g Cgu jkv ]g hrdl kg z q T s s s , , , s Cgu k{'f dkujr[ knk;† llb 2kjd uyki kd klgVv kr g hukIef klgV j s s s , xv 2ky ro kd ;p‰c kr g kukIef kd lDl jxv 2kjd <gx okHke{ kr s z Z z s , s s s z s g kukIef kd /k∂ jxv df g rgd o 4g hH xky yko ukrc k;/fof eg , s s T s s T s s s a X 2ld ;kIef lb df g rNi eg jkv 2g k;D cl go df g k;x yp kri Xeg s , X s T s w , , X , 2g rkt kg rpæVuf eg jdtk[ yhyn 2g T s s s X , k;D go df g rtk[ Xyhyn eg Syf dlm ]g jrhH jkeg kt 2g k;x jd k X T s s s T s s , ni /k∂ go ]kF k;df kt sNhi dfk;D ]g /k∂ 2hxLi huxkH kr go 4hF h;x , s s X , s s \ s s
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`g krdl kt k;df k;D jGf 4g krdl kt Cgu hg kync , , df g kgj gd jGf e jkv `g krdl kt kync yd `g krdl kt k;df k; wa T , , , D jGf `kxSbkt skg dlgVv ld3g h/sk∂ ]g dlgV df kt ]ikv 4g rjd i s , T T s T s kv kI‘p hd suync dfk;D ]g krkt ync Cgu Nd e kI‘p hd uync udfy s X , q X s s s 4Cgu y d ]hHv kr Nd g kuync jxv 4Cgu yd ]kxII tkv kr Nd g kuII jxv s q , s w s q , w 4hx gj hjkt k_k; hdum ]g gj kg jkted ikv l kthp utf dfk;D ]kx;kt ky s , s s s s X X s p krjd jkted kdikv ;‘ofH 4g krjd Cgu rcte kdikv ;‘ofH 2x;kt s s , w s s X kg jkted jkv ikv e eüt syxv 2kxkg e eüt yxv ]xpkl ikv jGf 4x s s , X s X s s X s s je dlgV ]xje hekd ]sxje h/k∂ ikv rDo rje 4hxgj hjkt k_k; g; jkv X s X X s s s , 2kxWd yd ]xkv df sxgd ikv jGf 4kxkg kdp kg jkc Bd /k∂ a s X s q s s dr yd 4hxkg hn kyG XLt ]hxkg hy jd k_k; jkv u /k∂ dr yd dfk;D X , \ s , s s X ]kxkg rcte hH jkv yd /k∂ kdikv 4sxkg jkted ikv yd 4kxkg k;nf j s w , s X s s d jkted jkv kdikv jkv ]hxkg hy jd k_k; jkv u k<? unf dS dfXk;D s , s , s , s 1 4hxkg rwcte jkv k<? yd l tkv jkv 4sxkg jkted jkv yd ikv sl tkv s , 1 s , X s , `g kyko sukt kg k;u Nd yd `sxjd k;D yd jGf 4kxkg ;el hg; , s q X s ]hxkg k<? hg;3sxkg ikv hH yd jkv `g rjd k;D rkc hd yd 4g hHv s 1 X , T s X , k<? ]g hHv ;el3g hHv ikv dfk;D ]g krdl kg Nd yd df ;kt yH 1 , T X , s q X w hg yk;[ g; 4Sgfkp kjkdIqN l k<jk/ hd suLkN kd yd df g rkc hygi s s\ s , `jd k; X D jGf 4g krdl IwN Cgu hHd yd udfsy 4<{ hlb3g krdl IN cl ]Cgu , , w 4hrki kg Cgu rfk∂ Bkd s a s X e uoht dlm jkv g krkt gj hg kl,o ]g klt henkv gjr lb jkv 2hx; s , , , , , s kt IN jh/7jh/ ]g thp hyko uIN e keüt7keüt ]xgj rjd ''fkd e ;‘ w s s , s w X X X s X s s X ofH df g krpkl go jGf 2krIN Cgu <jkd dum ]xkg ;df ed‘n Xe keüt , s w s s X s Z q X s yNif ]g krpkl go jGf 4g Cgu rkc hd 'o jkeg g; ]g henkv <jk/kl , s , s T eg 4F jdFhr go kr kxkg k;x IN kd jhokge df g krpkl go cr jkv s s s w , s , 4g krkt kg I‘i¬ l uy ro jkc7jkc kd yko uy , s s s s z s s s s ro dfk;D ]g krdl IN Cgu lDl udfsy 4krIN Cgu lDl ]hrIN Cgu kl z X , w s w s w gV 4g hrkt kg rcte k<jk/ hd ujkg kr g rkt jkg jkc jg 4g krkg Cgu , s w s s T s , s hH Nd jkv k;yf ro jkc hurdf dfk;D ]krdl kg Cgu Nd llb df g k q , z X s q s , rxy lm 4g h;x jH l ufky≈ ke®kv hd henkv dS7dS 4g k;nf jH sl ufk s , s , y≈ oS kruhg kd ke®kv hd ;‘que su kxky yko un ro jkv e;uf e k;ufqn a s X s s s s z , X 4xyv go k;x k[ lkoæof ji uiv kt ]xyv go Bg kni kruhge®kv kt ]xyv go ]Bg s s s q , s q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 852 egaP

hg kutk; hd ;‘ofH eg kr Cgu ]g Z<iI‘d rgc 4g kuukt lm ]g Te kt 6 s s , w q , s wa s g kuukt lm ]g eg kt ]Cgu 4kxMkt kg g; e ]kxMkt kg g; e df hH ku , s T s a s T a s T tk; dlfuke hd ;‘ofH jkv n LkN >kc kd rhrv3hgd ue rkc hygi g; s , X s\ s s T 4g hrkt kg xkyN ];kt [nf go ]kd hxntf jrhH jkeg g ;ƒ , s a s a s , r u≈u kt go 4kd ;ƒr u≈u3kd ;ƒr ;kt kg u'n udfy 4g Cgu kyko ud s s s Z s , s kj Bkd 4kxdkj ed kyNif Bkd u ]kxdkj eüt kyNif Bkd u 4<{ hlb3x s s s s Z s s s s s X ;kt kg jgkc d k<? <{ hlb ikv ];kt Li Bk[nf ;ƒr kji kd k<1? jxv s s 1 s \ w 4g hrkt kg xkyN 4pc e , s a wa T df krLi kupkl Cgu hH jrhH suiv 2krLi Cgu hH kupkl 2e ukxy xkyN \ s \ s X s a krxy Cgu hH <{ dS 4g rkt kxy xkyN jkv g kL[ ji r¬kj ikl slt T s a , , \ s a , ]g hrkt kg hg lo Igkync go 4hxLi Cgu hujd kdikv go 4h;x kg W' I , s s , s \ s s q gkync df xX;kt kg ukjg ikv3g e g; df ;kt Li Bk[nf g; hg lt jkv s s , wa T s \ s , , 4g wa e g; df [n kji kd uiv jkv jrhH suiv yk[ 4g kujd u'n kdltf ]g T X s w s s , X s , Z , nwtke hH cl go 6g nwtke hHv eg dfk;D ]xLi ujd hHv kr u'n g; , , , X s X \ s s Z jkv ]sxLi ujd uZ'n ji d ji dlb ]kxLi kutk[ jrhH kdlb ]kxL\i kuu , X \ s s w s s w s s \ s s s kpgi kdlb ]kxLi kuukt kdlb jkv3g hg k<? ]g hg /k∂ ]g hg klgV eg s s \ s , T 1 T s T 4g n , w , tke <{ ji klgV 4k'eg ]g nwtke ydycf go 4g ntke go ]hrkg Cgu hH s w s , , q , w , s d7hHd k<? 4g rDo ji yirfi /k∂ 2g krkg Cgu /k∂ hHd7hHd 2g krskg 1 , s w z s , s s , /k∂ hHd7hHd df xXpkl eg udfsy 4kx;kt yt c¥c kr g hgj L,\kn Ijd s s s s s , X jxv jrhH udfy ]gj krkcn uIc ]hykx gj krn go 4l Cgd kxyduf /k∂ s s s s s s s kr g hgj Lkn Ijd hd /k∂ jrhH jkv k;x n hykx Bkd jdkv >qe jxv s , ,\ X s , s s s `;kcn hg kurdf Bkd uIc3kxyt k;D c¥c kr s s s s hxkg hrLkn Cgu jxv 4hxkg hrLkn jxv hytcf3kxyt c¥c kr hHv kx;b s ,\ s ,\ s s s kcn uIc 4g hgj Lkn hytcf udfsy 4g krgj k>c c¥c kr rkcn Cgu uIc ] , ,\ , q s s g krkt yt c¥c kr g rkcn uIc 4g hgj Lkn hytcf e jkr d hytcf dS , s T s , ,\ X s `kx; s kt kg ld Idi go ]g Cgu kt 4g krkg Idi hHd7hHd ]g krgj knl /k∂ s s , z , s , s z , s 4kuLi re e yH hlsS 2g krkv /k∂ s>e hHd7hHd ]g rpkl eg 4g krskg \ X w , s q T s s , Idi hHd7hHd kt ]g kiNf cl go e kF¬o;ø hji7hji hd hxntf 4g k<1? z s , X w w a , ]g klgV3g rkg ryp 4g k<? e jk'b d [kv 4g kvg kjH l jkdagv kuO , T s s s , 1 X s s a , q s ,c ]kuOm 4g kvg kjH l jkdgv kvkj7kvkj ]yi dS7dS `jrhH je g k;D , q s a a s a s s s , 4g krd , l kt kxkt gjr hji rfi dlm ]Cg; ]hHv g rfF¬f kt 4g krdl kt kxkt w z s , s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 952 egaP

4g e klt ]g srkg W' l Cgo I‘d hylv wa T , T s q s dfk;D ]g hrkg W' l uukt lm ]g klt e3k;pæir hylv 4g Cgu /cal X , s q s s s wa , T Z , a hH Bkd kd k;pæir elb 4g krdl jd hH Bkd kt ]g rkc hIkN cl ; 4g s Z X , s s T X s s , uklkv rgc hH kukt kg kL[ u≈u 4g uklkv knk;† jGf hg kugj k[H ]g q s \ , w , uOfd knk;† Cgd kuk[ kuk[ kr cr ];kt hy ykL rnkv hd ugj [H jxv s s s s w jkv 4g uklkv rgc hH kukt Oc [H ]g uklkv rgc kukg kL[ e i/ 4C , , q , s w , q s \ X w gu k;pæir Bkd jkv hLc l su[n kdlm ]g rfF¬f kt hd ;o¬ Xe I‘f1n hjse Z s , \ s s s , s a 4g eg kt ]g ry kiNf e T s T s s X X k;ufPkv h;u7h;u ]e kIk[e ;u7;u ]e k_¬o s;u7;u eg jGf 2g k;D eg s\ X X , q s s X X s T df rki Cgu hH ukpgi eg df g kvg k;kcn jrhH kurb ueg 2kxyp Cgu s , q s s hH kri >e kdlm ]g hg jkv Nd e go ]g e kt jkv 4kxgj krht jduke s q wa , q T wa T s , wa kd kerfi hlm e 4g h[j kuc kerfi hOw> dS ue dfk;D ]kxdl kg Cgu s z T , z s T X s s eüt jrhH kd henkv ;u dS 4hxXn Cgu uync ; ]hxn ukt Cgu e rfk∂ ; s s s X s X a s 4hxdkj l sukg rjfrkiW kd o®rDf;ø je ;kerfi hjkl ; ]gj uk;÷ udfy X s s s a s s s X z s s s 4g h wa g; e df kxWd ''fkd hd ukpc kd kerfi huiv ]kxLy ]kxWd kLx> kr T a s s s z wa a \ s jd jcte Syf d sujd jkdho¬ Bkd jxv 2g g; e df krjd Cgu jkdho¬ s w s s wa T hHd 4g Cgu hHd e go ]g e kt df kx;kt Li Bk[nf Gkl rgc go kr x wa T wa T s s \ q s s pkl lb ikv jkv 4g go kt llm ]g kr>el jkv Nd kd uiv henkv jg X s s , , s s , , q s s 4g g; eg df g h[j T , kuc kerfi ueg Syf d ukiNf lm 4g eg kt ]g Cgu hgo kerfi go 4g hO z s s s s T s , z , w > ydycf kerfi go 4g g; e df g h[j kuc kerfi huiv u henkv jg 4 q z wa T , z s g h[j kuc teb dS e kui¥d hH sueg Syf d upc l u[n lm jkv 2g , s X s s s s s s , T eg kt ]g rpc l su[n lm hH cl eg 4g yxki hg lo hH cl eg udfy s T s s s s T s , s 2hxkg hgj yxki rjkv go 2g hrkg jnqal s , wa s T , e ]g krkg Cgu <in dr ct jkv 2g hrkt kg iWd e hg <jkd d <in s Z , wa s q T s Z df hF hruke go jkv hF hrykL Lkr <in go ]hF Cgu hg hr[n <in go , s\ Z s Z s kr 4kF Cgu ykol kr kd su[n d hldf jGf 4hF e kui¥d hldf huiv go s s s X 4hF jnl go kr kF krkg Cgu suekl <in jkv 4g k;D go df kF krkrc slm qa s s Z , , s uekl <in 4hF rkc hd kui¥d dr cr dfk;D ]hF jnl go dr cr 6hF Z X qa Cgu iWd kr dr cr ]kF krkv Cgu uekl <in dr ct udfy 4hF iWd g q s s Z s q o 2g hrxy suLi Bk[nf iWd e <jkd d k<in ub 2g nx Lc <in df hF wa \ q T s X Z T s a s \ Z hrgd go dfk;D ]hF hrykL Lkr <in go skr ;kv y <in uekl dlm B X s\ Z s s Z s s kd jxv jkv 4hF hrkv Cgu suekl d <in hHd go ]hF h_¬ dS g kuql uTe s , s Z , s 4g e kt ]g iWd rgc g wa T s , q q o 4g iWd rgc go dfk;D ]kuukt lm ]g kt 6g <iI‘d rgc 4rjd Cgu , q q X s wa s , Z w q s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 062 egaP

ykp hdlm 4Cgu df g dlgV henkv df g krdl yp kri kr g kryp he , , s , nkv 4g h;x kel e ;kj7;kj rgc7rgc klgV ]g hjgx rgc klgV 4kF dhO k , X X s X s q q , q s r hrkg hg hurb klgV 4g dhO ];x kg dlgVv eg 2rjd Cgu jkgklke eg s , s s s a ]g rpkl eg 2;x kg dlgVv eg ]g ry hi jdukN kd huki ]g rpkl eg T s s s s T s s s T s s 4g klgV ewl , rgc nH g; kd I‘fn 2g r[n kd jdku ikv ct ]g hrkg Cgu hgo [kv q s 1 T s s s , , s a s T s s kr g r[n ikv ct kd _ef j,kv 4g r[n kd _ef uiv ikv ct ]g hrkg s T s s s s , s Cgu hgo [kv go ]k;df yk;[ uikv cr ]g r[n kd jdku uiv ikv ct a s T s s s , s 4g rdl jke jke hd jN hH l jk'b T s s q s s d [kv ]g rdl jke jke hd jqN hH l nç' 4h;x kg klgV kr kn jke kjN s a T s s s s s s q e hrkN hd henkv hldf df g g; cyre kd klgV n;k' df g rpkl eg X , T s s 4g krkg kujd utH kd r√e hg huiv l kFkg uiv 4kxLi , s a w s X s s \ kuLkr kd kerfi hO> huiv ygi lcl lm ]g kukt kg rDe hH ltf ]gd s\ s z w s s s , s q s X ke®keji ltf lm ]g kuy ukpgi hH kdltf ]g ;®l kd uoht kjgx l sjg s s , s s , s x k;D df g kuy ukt hH kdltf ]g tk[ hd ;®l drfa;®kv hH kdltf go , s s , s s 4Sgfkp hukt jxf 4hx;kt jxf phu j s s dkg L[7L[ endS ]g h[j kuc kerfi hd syko uykc ;®l huiv ueg kt s a a , z s s s s go 4hxkg kLhi hLc kd ue kr sxukpgi lb ]g O> klS kt g; 2g kgj kt s \ \ s s X s , w s s , kyp krykc go ]g kgj ykc Ow> go ]g k;x kg O> gd kdltf ]hg o®rD s , s , s w X s f;ø kjkeg udfsy 2Cgu hH Hky Bkd lutf ]g gj ykc I? lhckp hH O> sl s s T s s s a , w S eg 4g krkv e >el hH kr kg krkg Hky Nd ]kg krykc O> henkv dS s , X s s s q s s w 2g utk;i k;D elm ]g kgj ykc e kt g; df g Cgu hH yk;[ Cgd güm , s z X wa s T s , X 4g gj ykc tgl ]g k;x kg kl¬gf kd rnkv 2g gj gd k;D go df Cgu hH T s s , s T s yk;[ güm n;k' ]Cgu hH kri güm n;k' udfy 4kF u hH kn;kG sl uyskc X X s s O> kdum cv ]hF rkc hl7hIkN 2g hPi ue ckrdf udfy ]g Cgu yk;[ w s s , \ s T s , s q >e kdlm cv 4g hPi ygi ykl lhc7g–i Bkd ue ue kr go 2g hP\i uTe , \ s a s s T s T s , s ]ykc go jkv 4Cgu hg g kt ]k;yf eku kd ckrdf hlS dS ue jkv k;x s s , , s s s T , unf dS e 4kvg d' s>e jGf 2kg hPi u ukgüm kt ]kg hlS ckrdf Bkd d T q q s \ s X s s s s f kvg Cgu hHd hlsS 2g hPi ue df F rgd jWt go jkv s;kt k;yf eku q , \ s T s s , kd ckrdf hH hldf df k;df oHquv klS jkc Bd ue 4F dik;÷v dS jse s s T s s 2g gj ykc O> eg df g krkg Cgu hH kri T s s w , s eg df g h;x pgi rykg dr kg; jkv 2g gj hH ht e O> ]g gj ykc X , qa a , T s X w T s s yod u Ow> 4g e Ow> I? lhckp eg 4g kvg kL[ l O> o®rDf;ø kjkl kjk s T X s a , , q \ s w eg df rpkl Cgu hHd eg udfy 2k;x ykc O> ji rkc hl7hIkN hurb he s s s s w s nkv kNπv kurb df g rkg ukjg eg jkv 4g rjd knuV hjkH hdlm kr skg T s s , , T s s krykc O> Bkd jxv cl eg jkv 4g rykc ;®l eg df g r>el cl eg s w s , T s s T s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 162 egaP

4kxkg kuukpgi s s lm ]g o®rDf;ø kl,t 4kxkg ku[sn jdLk?m kd ri dS7dS hd o®rDf;ø g; , s \ s Z 4g hrkg kni l klgV hd jrhH uid dfk;D ]xX;kt kg ed ui , s , s a X s s a s d dlm ]kx;kt kyp krkg rk' hH jhj' kdlm ]kxkg rk' henkv slt7slt s s a s a , , 4<jkdv g gj ygf k;D ji s; df hxLi huukpgi kjk/7jrv hd o®rDf;ø T s X , s \ a ji jkeg kr go 2g hgj kygf 2kd kxakI um ]g hgj kid ly;ko go ]g ly s w s s , s X , a X , X ;ko jrhH `g hrygf k;D XxkI3xky g Oc ji ñld `kd kxkI g k;x kg k; T X a s T , q s X a , s D g; ]g hgj ygf Syfldf XxkI s; df Ni Bkd 2kxgj krkygf xkI sOc kr k T a s w s s a , s xsOc henkv rk'v dS 4g kl¬gf kd klgV uke ]g kuync Iojd kt go 4hx , a , , , s X ;kt hync knk;† Iojd hurm rkj ]kxkg rk'v kurtf ue ]xkg ukjg ikv s a s X , 4g h;x kg ed , s huync Iojd hurm ]g k;x kg rk' kurtf ue ]Cgu l 'kg ]kgd u 0c , s a s s s q 4g hg LkF srync eg ],g hrkt T s s\ ync Iojd kr leg dfk;D ]rkj hji g rkl l 'kg k;D ]kNi u nukv kr s s X w T s s s s w s a s 4ync k;D kr g krdl kg kukl hH ync Iojd wa X s , s s s kucf df k;kv yk;[ cr jkv hF hync Iojd jkc dS e uoht `g rjWt , X , k;D3<jkdv ]ync Iojd e j/v d rkj ]kg krjd ekJof Nhi ]kg k;x k wa X s s a s s s s v kLkde7kLhd Bkd 4g hrdl kg klgV e uync Iojd <jkdv ]kgd u 0c s\ \ s , s X s s q 2g gj rkl hg klo jH r T s s s , kj ikv jGf ]k[j ji kgt ]k[j Fkg kgt uikv ]Cgu df g srync Iojd i , a a s T kv df k[n jdxkt rkj hji yd ue `rync Cgu k;D Iojd jH rkj ikv s w s T s X df g rkc hd ;pækv Lc df kNi kd 0c u nukv unf dS 2rync Cgu , Z s \ w s q s a s k;D Iojd e rkj o df kvg ukjg rgc go 4kF k;kl Fkl dum dr k"o X X s q , q s s ˜ {Hf kdum naukv 4F rkl Iojd hg dS 0c 4F rkl Iojd hg dS jhokge q s s s q s s s `g Cgu kr dlgV rkl ]ryp ]rjd rkc ]rOc7rOm eg 4kxL T s s s s s s , s s i kuukpgi kdlm jkv 4g ykol kd dxfk; hjrhH jkeg go 4g ykol kd \ s , , , s , ukg jrhH d o®rDf;ø jkeg klgV 4hxgj hjkt klgV hH kr s;kt Oc kysdv s s s s s s , Xe yxt go ];kt xkH jdIwN l k;ufn hjkl henkv go ]g krdl kg hH g; a s s q , s 4hxkg klgV elm ]sxjd hH kt eg kr g Rpf dlgV jrhH jxv s X X s s , 4g hrdl kg klgV e dkte jkv g kr , s X , , dl jd dkte go 4g hrdl kg klgV e ujd ;≈a;ø jkv g krdl jd ;≈;ø , s X s , , a kd hldf go 4g hrdl kg klgV e ulg jkv g krdl kg kulg go 2g kgj , s X s a , , s a , jd X;klgV hd gjr ldf go df kxyp Cgu kri hH lm df g s;x di urb s s T s rht7rht elm cl go 2kxkg Cgu hH kri lm jkv g hrdl kg klgV e y s s X s s , , s X X kc d Fke dlm ]g hrdl kg klgV e uOc7suOm dlm ]g hrdl kg klgV Xe s s s , s X s , s , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 262 egaP

s Nhi dfkr ]h;x hrdG ]F <"Hkv kt d yx ]d ji ]d Fkg uiv krhl k X s w s s s s , s s s r g k;x sy jdkjp <okj kd krhl df k;kv xli rqHnv rgc dS e <jd , q s a z q X zi dS 4hF hgj kt hPi kFd hd <;kekj gcl unf dS e eJkv sd hth/kx \ q X a 4kxLi ku[n Cg; jkv tkv kd k;ƒr ub 4g yko ukt kg Cgu d s \ s , s X T s s s lgVv ikv e ;‘ofH hldf jkv 4g ;ƒr g; jkv ]kxLi kuukpgi lb jkv 2 X , , , s \ s , g dlgV nukv g; 2g krkv nukv Nd güm Cgd ]g rkg h[l jdPi kdlb , a , a q X T s s q \ s o 4g krskg /çyim lj kd rkc hldf ]kd klgV hldf hd jrhH dum ]g srP s , s s s T \ s s i xky kt `g krPi ukd 2g krdcf knk;† hg kurm go ]g krikN jc[ hg , \ , , , X hurtf 6hd sukxH kd k;_¬f ]hd kvk;®ge®kv ]hd kvk;®g hurtf jkc[v kt s X X X s `g kgj kg k;D jrhH jkeg g; `g henkv ld eg g; `g , s s T s , , hld kerfi df kxyp kri kd kerfi huiv eg kr ]kxLi kuukpgi lj g; , z s z X s s \ 2g kryef lj kd klgV hd jrhH `Syfldf ]k;D ]g sr , s X T kg Ødb xky k[ky kjktg su[n hræd `g k;x kg k;D kd k;efnkv ub `g s s s X X s q , s s X , k;x kg k;D skdum `g gj [sn kd u[ Sg rjxf dlm l krjrkv jkv krd s T s s w q s s s q , q l®m xky k[ky jkv g s;x l? e hrkN hdlm xCl d lH jkv 2g kgj Ly s X , T q X s T , , \ s T l lH henkv dS df g Sg Oc o jkv g hgj ljc xkv ]g i/ hjkH 2g T q s , s , , , w T s s s rkg Ødb su[n xky k[ky 2g krkt k;kL\y kd k;efnkv Fkl d klH e ui¬ s s X , s X s X T X s 2g gj kg rîr ]g gj y T s s 1 T s s lj jd[n kd hukgd ]ikv g dl Cgu dkH go ]g srgkp kudkH kykH gj s s T s X T X r hlb e hrkN hd hldf 4g rgkp kujd k_k; l rfx hlb ]gjr hlb jdOc X T s s , ji Lk? hldf hH ikv 2g klgV hd jrhH g; ]g Cgu de¬fdkv g; `,g k; s s\ , , x kg k;D e Phj hdikv g; `g s;x Oc jdLdv k;D ikv 2g s;x Oc jdL s X \ T , \ X T , dv ji ñld hH ikv kr l htr g kgj kt kxkH ji Lk? d;ku ct df x[ \ q s s s , s s\ s X sn ikv 2g rkt kg dS ikv Fkl d d;ku 2g rkt kg uhye®kv Fkl sdld T s s s T s s f ikv df g rkt yH ikv kr g gj [n e¥Gf hllkt dS ikv jxv 2g sr T s w s T s s w T kt kg l¬gf d kFd ikv3g Cgu l¬gf d kFd ikv df g rkt yH ikv sr[ s s s T s s T s w n7r[n kFd dlgV dfk;D `k;D 4g hrn lj X;kFd dlgV ]_pf dlgV urm s s s X X T s s ]kxs;kt kyp krPc Rpf dlgV e k;ufn kurtf 4g <jkd d Rpf dlgV ; \ X q T s s `g hrkt hPi k;D3k;ufkgd hd kjk;®g jkv hu[ ]oIDfILf e¥Gf ; j[fkv T \ X a X , w s X s 2k[sn Nd ]kvg Nd df kxsxy klsS 4kxkg k;x kg rpæVuf kLkF ue 2xIky q q q s s s\ s X , jdkg d¥g l7LkF ikv kr ;kt gc gy jkv s;kt kg htkcjN ]s;kt kg kLx s s s s s\ s s w , s s q s \ > l htr jxv udfsy 2Cgu kyduf Nd ]gj L[ hg F;ø xpkl `Cgu df x s s q s s \ Z s X s s X , Iky h[n kl7kLkF ikv kr ;kt kg rîkel hg Sg Ihijke kucf Lx> jxv j q s\ s X s q s \ kv `Cgu df g kgj kv lj e u[sn jdkg L[ kdikv `g gj [n k;D jdskg , , X s s s \ s T s s X L[ ikv ]g gj L\y henkv kn 2g klgV g; df kxkg kpkl Cgu hH hHd ui s \ T s s , s s s kv 2g gj [n jdkg L[ ikv ]g gj Ly henkv kn ]g gj kt ikv ji r¬kj T s s s s \ T s \ s T s s
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044 fo 362 egaP

v 2g hekd g; ]g krgd Cgu Bkd jkv ]g jnl rgc ]g rgd jkv g rkt , , s , T qa q T s , T s Pc ji r¬kj uiv ]g rsy [n ikv 4g ky[f ]g yG 4g hekd henkv g; d \ s s T s s , , w , f g krgd Cgu Bkd udfy 4g jnl rgc ]g rgd ikv kr g krkg jnqal {o , s s , qa q T s s , s 1 jxv jkv 4g r[n hH phu ]g r[n hH jiM ]g ry [n kd {o ikv tgl , T s s s T s s T s s s s 1 4g rcl kd ekd d jrhH , w s kI‘p "'of hd u[sn u k; ]hd su[n 4g hrkg kI‘p hd u[n Cgu u ]g hrskg s s s s , s s s s , kI‘p "'of Bkd hd u[sn kd jgp kr g Cgu kulko jkv ekd jrhH jxv s s s s s s s s , , 4g kulko jkv g ekd jrhH df g rdl kpc hH Syflb [kv eg l u[sn , , , T s a s s kd jgp d h_¬ hldf jkv 4g kulko ]g ekd jrhH df rdl [n Cgu Syfl s s s s , , , s s b eg kd jgsp d h_¬ hldf 4hxLi hujd tk[ hd jrhH uiv eg g; ]kxL s s s s \ s s X s i kuukpgi eg g; 4g <{y kd Rpf hjkp‰cv ]Cgu kd Rpf hjkp‰c g; \ X , z 4g hg; Sk<jk/ hd Z;p‰c dum df Syflb hpt go ]g hgl rkc T a z s a , go df Cgu Syflb ]kdum hpat go 2hpat rkc hd kckuof kd h/kx udfy s s s a s 4hrdl kg Cgu knuV Bkd s s hLc llb3hd Cgu kl'i hd <e”y u kckuof 4g <{y kd Rpf Sg Skjc \ s a z s s , q a ? rgc g; kr xy jL e ukt jiM jtu jkv ]dr k"o ji ji hg ji ]L\i q s s X s , ˜ , , s hu[j phu hg sphu jtu lS `g krLi dG k;D e u[n7u ]e u[n kd kr s s s , \ Z X s s X s s s hl kr kg e rfF¬f hd ;p‰c <e”y 4g krdl kg rcl kd Rpf hjkpHf;ø s s X Z z , s w g; ]krdl kg Cgu rcl kd ;p‰c g; ]jL Xe u[n hH kd krhl <e”y df s w Z z s s s s Xk;D ]kF henkv kd Rpf hjkpHf;ø endS <e”y kr g hgl k;“k;ø g; jxv s , jkv 4g ryx endS k;“k;ø hd kckuof df g krgkp kugd likv e udfy , , s wa s T s 4g hgl , ydycf jkv g rHnv k;“k;ø hd kckuof ]kgd ukgüm jkv Sg rîr hth/kx q , , q s s X , q 1 a 2g [n ji Glf sulm 2k[n Cgu hHd ulm jdkO T s s , Z s s m [kv jiM jkv F hjkp‰c <e”y df g cyre kdlb ]kgd u kckuof kr a , s z , s s s `cyre k;D kdlb 2g rkc hd hukjg hLc g; , , \ 2k[n Cgu jdkOm [kv hHd su <e”y jkv 2g Fkl e yxt k"o Xkuhr 4sF s a , T X a ˜ <e”y ]hF krhl ]F ekj3F kuhr 2kF Fkl unf urb <e”y df g rkc hd s s X s , hukjg hLc g; ]kgd u hth/kx kr 2k[n Cgu jdkOm [kv hHd jiM d j , \ s a s s a s i ue dfk;D ]g krdl ukpgi <"wHkv d ji yod e df kgd u <e”y kr , s T X wa s , s T s s 2k;df Cgu hg yk;[ kdum hHd jkv , k;ki Cgu hg [n güm hHd kr e dfk;D ]sxkg hg rkv e ukpgi >r <"H s X s T X X s X s q w kv d krhl df kgd kd <e”y ukgüm 2dl ukpgi Cgu <"Hkv ekj udfy s s s X s w s 4;x yef hH <"Hkv o güm jkv ;kv ekj 4g h;x h s w s X , s , ;kt sy l r¬kj ldf krhl df dl kg kri kd r¬kj güm kr X;kv utk[ ekj s s s s s X s s s
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044 fo 462 egaP

kv rDjfrfv d <{ lb dfk;D ]g ji <{ lb kje jkt kjkl 4Cg; ]tkv ] , s X , s s hHv3g kujd 6Cgu sxjd 4sxjd ]g gj gd dhO ydycf df kxkg kgj gd u , X X T s q s e kdikv 4k;x kg F;ø cl go ]h;x kg e®[ rkc lc ]xjd xk;i kdlb e s Z s s X s z g 4g gj gd dhO ydycf ikv ]hxgd go ]g rnkv kt hd ue jkeg udfy T s q s , s s s 4g rkt pgi Iduf hg urm eg d ;®l ]hd T s qa s s suukt kd ;ƒr hxkg krzohr hurtf 4<{ hlb ]Cg; ]hHv3cyre kje l u s s s s nf dS 6Cgu l yd cyre kje kd unf dS 4g krkt kg Idi go ]jrhH g s s , s z T eg Arr¬o kt go unf dS jkv 4g hrkt Pc krIduf hd ;®l ]g krxy u q s , , \ , s kg Idi o'f ]g krxy uy[f jnl ]g krxy ukg rt√lof iWd ]g krxy u s z , s qa , s s q , s jxf F;ø ]g krxy ujxf I‘Îuf dfk;D ]g krkt kg W' 'oi jrhH jkv jr Z , s X , s q s z , hH ]hg rukt lm ]g kt 4g krkt kg Idi go ]g O‘J kt 6g krkt kg rt√ s s , s , s z , s s , s lof go ]g ryx kt hg rukt lm ]g kt df g hrI? kuI? hd ;pækv jkv , s s s , s , Z , 4Xukt lm ]g kt jkv n LkN ydycf ]kxMkt kg g; s , s , X s\ q a s e df yk;[ kd Hjki go 4n LkN ydycf kd okur d ;‘ofH 4[n slm ]g T a z X s\ q s s X s T k;D tkv 4sx;kt kg lS ikv yd df Xpkl re 4kgd g; likv uTe Syflb X s s s s s s 4e <in ]e ;ƒr g hrkg rfk∂ udfy 4g Cgu lkdof e/ ]g rfk∂ e/ X Z X , s a s , Z , a Z 4g krdl kg kjkdIqN <{®r llm kr dl kt k[sn jxv , s s s s ]g kt kpπl jkv k/hl go 4g kpπl jkv k/hl go e kru≈u huiv `g k;D , s , , , X , go ]g kgj ht kt ]g kgj pkl kt ]g kgj jd kt e df g hu[n jdLk?m wa s wa s s wa s T , s \ ri dS7dS jrhH ]Cgu 4g krkt kg ydæfe kuukt kd krdekd kr g ry Z , s q s q s T s s jd aSk;“k;ø hd gjr lb eg ct jkv 4rki Cgu hH ukpgi eg jkv 2g d , s , T s krdekd ukerfi jkl jkeg 2g dekd kr;˙l hji df g Cgu kri eg udfy q z s s , q w , X s `ld hg h[n [kv uer kr 4Sgfkp hu[ s , s X a s q s j jtu ji ji kd hjkp‰c `hd ld rkc hd Z;nTkl d k[kv hje ryp gkj , s z s , s X a s s ]hcutv uer kr kg Cgu hH Bkd g; jxv 4kjd 0lf g; ygi `kg Ic ] s q s s s s s s s s kg rfi3kg ukd je er ]hxNi h_¬ dfXk;D ]hx;kt kg I>> kr ]kvg '[ r s s , s s q s w s s a s q q gc ]g [kv jnl rgc df gd jddkj kd h_¬ hldf jxv 2g dekd Rpf d q T X a qa q X s s , q fk;D ]g krdl kg hH kL\x> kr gd jddkj klS kd hldf jxv tkv udfy X , s s X s s s s 4kvg nukv rgc q a q ]hjkgér g [kv jnl rgc df sxdl gd jddkj ji r¬kj kd hcutv hldf q T X a qa q X s s s unf lm ]hxkg hyH jkv hxkg hNπv k;ufn unf ltf jkv 4g srkg jnl hH sj s , s q , T s qa gp d henkv l,o ]g jnl nkp lt ]g jnl yG lt kr kg e uoht kryjl s s s , qa a s , , qa w s , s s X jxv 2g hekd h_¬ g; ]sxgd eg kr g jnl ]g hrgd jkv g hr[n jdskg , X s , qa , , , s hL[ h_¬ dS jkv g jnl kjgp kd "Qi dS jxv 4g rkc dutZ;pækv g; \ , , qa s q , 2g hekd henkv g; df sxgd xky kr g jnl rgc df g rgd jkv , X s s T qa q T s , g rkt Pc sxkv jkv ]g r[n jkv g jnl rgc kjgp kd h_¬ dS jxv jk T s \ , T s s , , qa q s ,
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kp hH ku[n ikv lm ]g hueæqn lltf jGf jkv 4krjd Cgu hg ue kd u[ s s , s , s s s n lm ]kg hueæn lltf `g k[n l jkx ji jgp d ueæn uiv hHd uikv s q s , s s , s s s q s s 4hrn Cgu u[n jk s s s ohn go ]g hrkt kg hL[ jkohn dS phc d /k∂ jkv jkeg <jkd d /kjof , s \ s s , s s s 4g krkt Lkn /kjof jrhH jkeg hg r[n `xdl ld [n eg lm ]g jk} k , ,\ s s s s s X s , s s , d dju ]g kjc ]g iki go df g k[j y ;Z<uf l ygi ueg e /cl sdltf , q , , s s s s X a a 4g krkt kg ydæfe ku[n lm ]g /kjof kjkeg slltf , s q s s , s 4rki kg Cgu Fel e u[n l kryjl hH h s s Z X s s s Hd eg kd /k∂ <jkd d krkc h/kjof um df g h;x h;k[lf rkc hurb Xe s s s X s T X g e /kjof d /k∂ df g g; rkc hygi 4Xy >el Xrkc uhr7kn e /cal lb X s s s , s X a 2Sgfkp kukt Ief /k∂ s kr ]y ukpgi ]y ukt ]y [n eg nf; df kgd uikv jkv 2Cgu krIef / s X X X s s , k∂ hH jGf udfsy ]g rukpgi ]g rukt eg kd /k∂ df g kNi u _ef dS s T s T s s s , w s 4g hrdl kg hH rfk∂ jkv 4g krdl kg hg , s a , , s rpæfuf ek<jfi Bkd kdlm ]g kgj gd e kt kr ]kutk[ kd k'n7Rpf lb s wa T s s s s huiv `s;kt kg kL\x> df g krgkp Rpf `g kgj jd oHuv krUli Bkd s , , q z s Rpf df ku[n rDo lm kr [n rLy kd hldf ]ikv Skt dQ ji r¬kj ct s s X s s \ s a s `g /cl l ukd je llm `krkOm Cgu k;D l kryjl e [kv g; `g k;D T a a s , s s s X s T a wa X kvg kjL e 2g k;D rkc df g hujd tk[ kr Li u reégf hd ukOm [kv q T , , s s s \ s a jiM jkv [j [kv hg ji ji d h_¬ hldf ikv ct df g g; ykol 4kxkg , X a , s , s kgj cyre jkv Nd ]su kckuof hgd rkc hjln k; 6kgd Cgu df kgd ]kgd , q s w X k;D klS su h/kx df kupkl re gjr lb 4l kckuof u ]cyre l h/kx >qe s a s s s s a s u 4hgd rkc hd kckuof ]hgd rkc hd h/kx ue klt ]kupkl re gjr lb s a s T , s 4r yx k; g hgl jrhH dikv go ]g kgd ue kt df kupkl gjr lb ikv slb , s , s T s s 4g Cgu utk;i ]Fv hH Bkd l upkl gjr lb dfk;D ]kupkl re sl gjr , s z Z s s s s X s lb ikv güb 4g k[yf Cgu df ]g k[yf e ckrdf hldf go 6ryx k; g d X , , X , hO go ]g kgj gd kt e df kupkl re gjr hlb ikv lb ]kgd ue skt g; wa s T s s s T 4g kr , kt kg /çyim kd ukoxH uoht klsS 4g krgd uoht roxkH kd uoht slS s s wa s s ]Cgu okur kd ;‘ofH ]Cgu >kc kd rhrv ji ltf ]uoht klS 4g krkt y s s , nc uoht kr ;kt kg rDe l kutk; hd ;‘ofH jkv >kc d rhrv eg jxv s X s q s s , s s 4hHv slm3k s g kujd hH kt ]Sgfkp kun LkN ji yd lm kg kujd u hH kt 4xjd yd s s s\ s s s s X ]Sgfkp kupkl kr kg kujd u 4g hrdl kt hpkl rkc hd <{ d yd jGf s s s , s s s kr ]kg kujd Cgu 4g krdl kg hg e <{ lb ]kxkg kt 4Cgu ;®l hH Nd j s , s X s s q
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s u[hl jk/m l krl elb 4way [n u k;D n[ e ]g lki je /k∂ 4Cgu ut s X a X s X q T , s s s s z X s k;i eg llm ]g rgd k;D rl 4Cgu utk;i eg llm ]g krgd k;D _¬k' T s a s z X s , 4g Sg Syf Cgu k<jk/ Bkd e phc eg tkv 4kxkg kyckde k/hl tkv jkv T q s X s q , 4kx[nf Hky ]hx[nf k<? ]kx[nf /k∂ sr s s s 1 s s s kg 'oi e Rpf l jkudf d r¬kj hldf hg lS 4g xy Ikd ji {o hldf k s z X s s s s s s T s s a 1 ; g ky[f yG ji {o hldf jkudf d r¬kj lt hg lS ]x[n /k∂ Glf 4g , w 1 s s s s , s s s X s s Z T gj kt sukg rpfjfi ]g gj kt su[n Glf eg 2g Cgu k;D ]g k;D jrhH d s s T s s Z , , s ue3g rukt Cgu thp hH dS eg 4g rpfjfiv cl kgt ]rukt Cgu hH N T s , a s d eg kgt 6kg rkt e k;ufn uktuv eg lt ]X;kt gjr lb jrhH d ue q a X s X q s , s jkv 4n LkN jkpof rjfk/uf Zoi e /cl d k;Rfo hjkl hd ue ]rkc hygi , X s\ Z w X a a s X 1 4g hjWt kuukt lm 4hukt Cgu uikv {i‘uf ]d k<jk/ hldf kucf kF¬o , s s s v u≈u jkv h/hl hd /k∂ 4g rukpgi ikv hgo ]g rukt ikv hgo ]g k[j , s T s T s , ul uikv kt e /cl d /k∂ 4rukt Cgu kd /k∂ ikv df kxgd slikv Te q s s X a a s s s s s wa `g rdl kg ld eg rDe llm ]Cgu rukt eg ltf 4rki Cgu hg ukt kd T s s s , q s s s s s /k∂ eg dfk;D ]rdl Cgu hg kg rDe eg 4rki kg Cgu rDe l /k∂ ud s X s s q s s q s s fy ]g rgd rkc rgc kr e /kjof d /k∂ eg Syflb jkv 4g el y[ g; s T s X q s X s s s , , w s 4kx;kt Li Bk[nf eg hgo ]kxkg xj kd k s \ X s a <jk/ hjkeg kt jkv 4gjr hd eæp dS hxs;kt kg hL[ e phc d henkv l s , s s \ X s m jkv jkeg k<jk/ 4kxs;kt kg ydæfe ku[n jGf hH kr s;kt kv hH uekl , s s q s s s jkeg hHd henkv go jxv jkv 4;kt syp rjd rwcte eg k<jk/ go jkv s , X s , y kuc k<jk/ Bkd e /cl dlm jkv g k[n Cgu hHd ueg kd henkv hl X s X a a s , , s s s df l,t `g Cgu Z<i;k;üv g; k;D 2ukt kucf kd /k∂ g k[j uke ueg g; s , w s s s , s 4g T ruke eg go 4kujd re /k∂3g jgt ]g dju ]g xkv /k∂ df g hrgd s s , , , s , Sk{'f cl ]g k[yf e kckrdf cl ]g hg rukt eg 4g k;D /k∂ df g ey a , X X T s , s , w ke eg ]xgd ikv udfsy `g k;D /k∂ df pkl l ue {i‘uf ]g rkc hygi X s X , s X s s , 2g sr T y [n eg go ]g k;x k;krc eg kt jkv 4g k;x k;krc eg 4g go klt ] s s , X s , , X , , k[n Cgu hg klo lm hHd sueg 4k;df Cgu jImkduS uekl7uekv hHd kd s , s a s s s /k∂ ueg 4g rukt hg kd k<jk/ hd /cl d /k∂ ]rukt Cgu eg kd /k∂ s s T s s a a s s s s s 2g k;x jH l kvk<jk/ Rpf kji kjkeg , s X w df g h;x h;k[nf rkc hurb eg e /cl d ;H ]d Hky ]d ekd ]d /k∂ T X X X a a s s s s s s 4g kl,t ]g e r;yflv ueæn kt ]Cgu dlm 4x;kt skg , , X q s s s X uZ'n eg hg dlm ]g k<jk/ hjkeg kt go 4g henkv kjc df g h[j kuc X s , s , q , k<jk/ rpæfuf ueg e /cl d ueæqn dfk;D ]g uOfd rgc ku[n kd ueæqn s X a a s X , q s s 4g k[j uke e hueæn uikv kt ]sxy [n hgo ikv 4g rdl [n Cgu kr g , X q s s X s T s s s X
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044 fo 762 egaP

lm jGf 2k;nf [j kLk?yhu u Iek;y√ki eku kdlm jGf 4s;kt k;nf [j s\ s X kLk?yhu eku kdlm sygi df hn gkyl u ;¬nl jkn>el dS kr 2x;kt kg s\ s s s X s xn ]o–im defk/ kr Sgfkp kukg kLt ;kx e eku udfy 4g Cgu go eku s a Z s s q\ X s , 4;kxyhu kdum g hg eku 4hrdl kt Cgu hjke kr hykx kdlm ]g ;kx df k , s s s , gd u kxky kr 2jd k;D df hOm rkc dr Iek;y√ki 4kF kvg k;df ukldu s X s s X X q q rgc e kr[ u joukt deku ;kxyhu ]e Bkjr hd ;ykegf kgo e ™∞ª¡ q X X s s X a X 4g Cgu , ∂Gf Bkd eg jGf ]g rsy Ly eg jGf ]g rn n k;u nç' eg jGf 2g hrskg s X T s \ T s s s , hH klgV defk/ ]g rkg hH /k∂ defk/ 2g krkg hH 0;e/ 2g krdl kg Z T s s s Z , s q Z , s defk/ hH dju jkv `g krdl kg defk/ l,d /k∂ 2g srkg hH /k∂ defk/ Z , , s Z s s T s s Z 4hrkt gj Cgu Bkjc e /k∂ jGf 2g rkg Nπv kt ]g rkg sl q X s T s s s s T s s s s S /k∂ Nd ]g rgd 2n jd nc hH kugd kjc lm eg ]g krdl kg kr kd q T s X a q s , s s s /k∂ ;kt ;nf n nç' sNπv Bkd jxv 2g rkt yp rht ji knç' Cgüm eg s X s s s T s s s X jkv gjr hd rkr nç' g Syf [hl lc 4g rukt kdlb ]g k;D kjc eg u , s s T T s s , q ]g rukt kd /k∂ eg u 2g kjc /k∂ ]g rgd eg 2g [j [hl nç' ueg T s s s , q s , s T s s 4g k;D go ]kxukt kd kthp go dfk;D 6hxs;kt kg rfk∂ hHr , s s X X s a ]kxkg dyfke henkv Bkd ct 4g Cgu dyfke henkv Bkd 4g Bx kg hukjqi s , s , , s , s kr;‘que hji 4g kvg hg klsS udfy `g rjWt hd ukt uNi l jlwn hH sl w , q s , s s w s s m ]g kt jrhH uiv k;D `g Cgu henkv k;u Bkd ]g henkv ukji cl k;D , s s , s T s q 2g k;D jrhH jke , s g ]sxjd pkt eg l elm jkv 2g rkt suPi eg jc[ hukji hg hurm 2g O X a s X , T s \ q , ‘sJ hg kurm ]g rgd eg ]kg _¬k' kukji kurtf jkv 4kF kr[n jkc[v k; T s s q , s u hH jGf kr henkv go 2sygi ykl jktg ]g jkc[v ukji o 2l k_¬k' g s T s q s s X T s w rNi eg hH go 2g hld k<? ]g kld ei ]g kld /k∂ df3g rkt u[hl , , 1 , , zs , , s T s s sl jln eg hH go ]g kt jrhH uiv udfsy ]g jn hH jGf ukde kd lkL\i s w , s s , w s 2kx[n jk/m l jkc[v hH go ]h[n Cgu nq[ ulm hH xkv hd ukde d s s s s s s lkLi 4h;kv hlg hg rgc >e jdul g; l henkv lm df g rgd <‘Îekj s \ a q s q q s T s 4hrkg jc[ e jkc[v s X skr hrxy xkv 2xkv g hxy jkc[v gcl lm ]xkv hxy e ukde sd lkL\i , q s X s 2Cgu jc[ Bkd kr e jkc[v ]k[n jkc[v kr ue 2Cgu ]kgd ulm `hF s s X s s s T s hxy xkv ]g kul e ukde d lkLi jr ]kNi ulm ue 4hF h;x xy xkv r , q X s s \ s s w s s T kj e ukde d lkLi dlm 4kF k;kv suyef lum henkv dS 4k;kv kte rg X s s \ s s q c tkv ]sxy ugd jkv 4F Ødb xsky rgc ]xy ulg rgc unf dS <‘Îekj s , s s q s s a q 2g rkt suNi sl j T s w kv hldf eg hH go 2Cgu huiv hH ukpgi hdlm ]g kt lki uiv 2Cgu hH , , s s Nd kuiv lki jkeg 4g jk/m xkenf kji kjkeg udfy `g rjWt k;D hd q s , w s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 862 egaP

4kupkl re slS s s udfy 4jdy ue {i‘uf jd 'oi jrhH `;kt yp k;D uNi l jln eg s s X s z X s X s w s s w 4xX;kt hg n[ eg jrhH jkeg kr g Cgu hg kri ct eg `g kjc lDl ]g s q s s , X , q s , krgd ukd `g kjc /k∂ ]g krgd ukd 4n LkN Sk<jk/ hjkl ; ]rkc hygi , , q s , , X s\ a s 4g T rpfjfi ikv llm ]g rgkp kuync ikv ltf df g ykol hylv 4g Cgu s T s s , , kyko ukg Nd lub 4g d hLkd kn i¥dl g; jkv SkKrfi jkv ro ; ]Cgu s s q s T s ,\ s a , a z , z s 2g kr , kg hgo jGf jkv3g krsy ro jkv kKrfi uekl d k;lfk;ül7/kl ]g krjd s , , z , z s s X a q , <i jdkt e jnfe d ukoxH ]g kry i¥dl ]g krk[ eld l jkt jkv jG z X a s , s a , s s , f ]g krjd ;r l jkt jkv jGf 2g krjd /k∂ tkj jkv xjd Cgu /k∂ cv , s s , , s s , s X s ]g krjd ;r henkv tkj Syflb `g oHl ld rht llm ]Cgu hg rukpg , s , a s , s s i eg ltf dfk;D ]sx;kt jkg endS eg kr kxs;kt kv go ct 2g Cgu ukp s X X s , gi Bkd hjkeg llm ]sxjd Cgu ]g gj gd eg kdltf df Cgu kri eg jkv s s X T s s X , 2xjd Cgu cv df g s X T rjd ikRkpæi ]g rk[ eld eg jGf 2k;df iki rgc djd /k∂ 2Sgfkp k s T s q s s ujd Cgu /k∂ ]g kjc rgc /k∂ df g rxy ugd hgo jkv g hrkv Iky N s , q q s T s s , , , s hi jGf rkc hIj hd krkr kr g krkt kyp /k∂ ct 4g ry n [n kd jlwn X s s , s T s s s q s s 2g rkg h[n eg 2g krkt kg jkol ji eg /k∂ 2g kry Ldi eg go ]g C T s s q , s s , s \ X T gu rukt kr kd /k∂ kr ]g krkt kv /k∂ hg lt jGf 2g srkt yp ;kjgkn s s s s s , s s , T s s s s kdlm ]g kjc ]g iki df g k;x k;nf kOcf jkd¬l e xkenf kt rjfkpi kr , q , , a X s z s 4kg kuukpgi ]kg kuukt ]kg ku[n kd /k∂ jx s s s s s s v ]g hjWt kupc l jkpi 4g krkt kg ydæfe ku[n kdlm ]g ;®l kt kr , s z , s q s s , s s ]g krxy uLi ewyke ;®l ct jkv 2g krxy uLi eyke ;®l hgo ];kt , s \ , , s \ w s k;df rjfkpi hH kt 4g krxy suLi eyke ;®l hH Nd kjk} d jkpzi n;k' z s , \ w q s 2Cgu kri kdikv g; jkv 2g kgj ht l jkpi Glf d‘r¬fe kjkeg jkv 4g s , , s z Z , , jkpi kd ykl kjktg Fkl d eku lm j,kv 4g k[j [hl ueg eku dS ]H z X s , s s ky 4g k[j [hl ueg eku dS ]klgV 4g k[j [hl ueg eku dS lc ]/k∂ , s , s s 2g krkt kg e®[ c , s l kr n ync eku 4g rkc hd hjk;'fkg hLc 2g rht l ycy jkv nç' eg s X , s \ T s s s , 2hF hrdl kg hL[ I>> kr s \ a s hrxy hykx kd ;kxyhu 2g kyko ukg ukldu k;D e ukr¬ngV kr hn jke hy s s , s s q X q s kx kd Lk?yhu udfsy 4kLi Cgu dG Bkd elm ]hgj hgo ]hF kt go 4hgj s s s s\ \ Z s X s hgo hd hgo hjkpc go 2h;x kg kLk?yhu go 2hn jke hykx kd ;kx hjkeg s s s\ s s df kgd Cgu u ;kpkjd' hldf e ukr¬ngV jkv h;x hjke hykx kd Lk?yhu s Z a X q , s s s s\
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 962 egaP

4g krdl pgi Cgu hH Cgd jkv kxy jd I‘u uoht kjwi , qa , s X eltf ]g kLi e ∂p dS go 4krsn sukg Cgu kni ukK kd ;o¬ rki{i jkv , \ X s , a , 4g kgj jd rki{ , i ji jk/kv d oHuv d jln jkv 2g kgj jd ;r ji jk/kv d oHuv d s q s s w , , s q s s w jln go kNπv dfk;D 4krdl kg Cgu rDe hHd l Bkjc go ]g kjc k;D X s q s q , q ]g kNπv k;D df jd u ;<uf l ygi Syflb ]Cgu srukt eg hHv 2g yko , X Z s s , l k;D kd jkdIqN 4g kuukt kd klgV ]g kuukt kd lDl ]g kuukt kd /k∂ s , s , s s , s s 4g gj ki jd Cgu T s ugl kd henkv lm dfk;D ]g h;x kg hL[ jkohn dS jrhH `jrhH jkv3g s X , s \ , T gj jd rxko¬ eg ]g gj ul eg ]g gj [n eg 2g kgj yp okH g; sl j s T s q T s s , iM jkv g kgj yp kjkl g; jkv 4;kt kyp cd 2h;x kg jn hurdf df g , , , s s s , kgj xy jkv g gj [n hL? jkc7jkc 2g kgj Li Bk[nf henkv go u 2g k , T s s \ , \ , gj Li Bkul Cgu Nd jrhH 4;kt kyp hn¥t henkv df g krkg hg; jrhH \ q q s , s udfy 4g dhO ydycf ]g rgd kt ikv df g krgd hH go 4s;kt cd hen s , q T s s , kv g; df g kgj yp jrhH udfsy ]g gj ul ikv df g kr[nf klS 4g srk , T s q , s T i ul Cgu rkc hdlm ikv df g k;df yk;[ hHd uikv jGf 4;kt kyp hn q , s s ¥t ];kt kyp hn¥t df g rgkp ikv j,kv s;kv j? dikv henkv Bkd jxv s T s s s `sx;ki rjc eg ld kryjl hd X s , s uukt ]tjh/ kd uukt lm ]g kukg rDe lltf ]hn¥t g kuIN lltf dfk s s , s q s , w s X ;D 4sxdl Cgu ukt ]hxLi k/kc e k;∂fi hd uukt3Syf d uki kjkdIN 4i X s \ X z s s s q kv g rdl Cgu ukt Syf d uki kjkdIN 4g krkg kjkdIN l uukt 4kxkg T s s s q , s q s s s go ]kxkg kt l uukt jkv 4g k;D ]g rkt suukt eg 4g krkt kg rîkel y s s s s , , T s , s kol kd jkdIN kr g gj LkN k<jk/ jxv 2ikv g gj LkN k<jk/ sld cv s q s T s s\ T s s\ , `Cgu df kxkg kjkdIN udfy ]g htkj kd uLkN s q s T s s s\ hH k<jk/ eg `Cgu df kxkg kjkdIN udfsy ]g rjd hH chdjr g; eg kr s q T s s kg krkg kjkdIqN l chdjr lb jxv 4g rkc hNπv ]g rgd kr g ruql r s s s , T s s T s kc hje jxv jGf 4Sgfkp kjkdIN Syflb ]/k∂ g kjc df g Oc Sg uke h s q s , q T s , q s d jln go ]g rgd ikv rkc kt hd jkdIN 4Cgu hg h>el rkc hje jGf s w T s s s q s suikv `kxkg cd kjkdIN udfy ]g rsy uke eg hH rkc hdikv ]g rgd o s q s T s T s s 4kxkg kjkdIN Cgu s q jGf 6g kuIwN llm ]g kjc df g ntke l ygi ;<uf kr s;x uukt jxv , s , q , w , s s Z s s Syf d uki kjkdIqN 4kx;kt kg kjkdIN ]kd /k∂ s;ufkt df g krgd slikv s s s s q s s wa e 4g kjc /k∂ df g Bg hOc rkc Bg huke go e ugkp kjkdIN 4g uOfd T , q s , q , q X s q , kugkp df g krgkp kuNi g; likv e 2kvg Cgu kjkdIN dr hHv udfy wa w s T q q s ]hd ''fkd hH l rf0i hdikv ueg df g rgd o ]g rkv xky lki jse s s s T s s T s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 072 egaP

`x;ki ukt ikv ld e rykg lb 2g hxy xkv jrhH kg; jkv s X s , X , a , g kgo Rpf kjkl 4Xy kync ld ]jd k;D df g rkg gj jd jkpof eg jkv , a s , X T s s s , 2ji henkv lm g hrkg hxy hjkeg jtu j,kv g hryt jrhH kg; xkv 4sr , s , a ki ukt Cgu hHd kd /k∂ eg Syflb 2g krkg Cgu uk;÷ kjkeg ji lm ]g s s , s , k;x kg r/fk∂ kt 4g krkg uk;÷ kjkeg ji lm ]g k;df r/fk∂ ultf 4g / s s s , s , s s , k∂ jrhH kgt ][n ]X;kt Oc jkv 4dk> jrhH jkv y jd nc kjed ];kt s a X s , , X a , X a X pgi jrhH kr3cv g hn hykx 4Xn LkN ∂Gf hdlm kr s;kv /k∂ kjkckn cv qa s , s\ s s s 4g kgj yp jrhH /k∂ jkv g ji > , s , , q e uk;÷ dfk;D ]sx;kt kg rpfao l uukt kd /k∂ ikv 4kxkg ji >e uk;÷ X X s s s s s s q jkv kxkg jrhH dikv /k∂ jkv 4kxs;kt kyp ji lm uk;÷ kji kdikv kr , s s s , w s s X s s xjH l /k∂ ikv ct `y kync ld l henkv lb ]g kjc henkv g; `kgd wa s , s , q X k;D klsS su henkv lb df xjd jkpof rckc je jkv xX;kt yH kd uiv s X s s , s w s s ikv e /k∂ lm `g kri kdikv ]g k;df k;D uikv dr tkv `g kri kdi X s , s , s , s kv ]sxjd k;D ikv e /k∂ lm 4kxsxt /k∂ jrhH dikv kr Mkt kg r/fk∂ X X s s s s a s s ji ikv e jkv Wd rufkeiv jkv n hykx kdikv e jxv `kdikv g kri T , a , wa s T s , ]xjd k;D ikv kr Mkt kg r/fk∂ ji ikv Te jxv `g rjd k;D eg hHv s X s a s s T s 4Cgu ukK jk/m ]ukK k/hl kd ;ƒr d k;RfoArv ]rkc hygi s X 1 a 4g rkt kg Fkl hg dS ]k T s s ukt yduf jkv kuLi Bk[nf 4yduf ld e df krNi Cgu go ]g krLi Bk[ , \ wa s , T w , \ nf ktkojn ltf jkv 4g hrkg IgkjdI Syflb ]g hy Ldi rkc Bg huql go s , , s , \ q 4g ktkojn kg; ]kxkg kul `rkjdI k;D l jkohn ]rkg s;x yduf kF;üv ] , a s q s X s s s kxkg Cgu eyke ktkojn sxgd eg `sxgd k;D eg kr 2g eyke >e ktkojn s w X X s , w s q udfsy `rkt kjdI l jkohn ld jGf kr Cgu ]g krLi Bk[nf Cgu kdikv s s s , s , \ s 4g ktkojn kg; df hxkg jc[ Bg hul hd Cgd ktkojn go df xgd eg kr , a s q q s X s 2g krkt kjdI l jko wa s hn kr g kryduf 2krki Cgu yduf e udfsy ]g krLi Bk[nf kr ktkojn d s wa T , \ s f gd henkv jkv 2ld sxyduf eg hH kr ]k;x [nf ktkojn eg ]g dhO d s , s , X s X , f gd henkv go 4sx;kt yduf ikv jkv kx;kt [nf kdikv 2g kgd ktkoj s X , s s , a n ];[fn l jkx jdyk[ [kv ikv ]gd e likv jkv 4g kuyduf jgkc sl s s s , s a wa T s , , s tkojn s>e df gd e jkv g kOc e jrhH d ukde dS lt ]g hg klS g; q wa T , wa , T s s , , s 4kd rkc hldf g Cgu u/c Bkd hH , a s <{ dS nkc d uukt 4sx;kt kg rDe l /k∂ hg rukt jkv 4xy ukt kd s s X s q s s s , s X s /k∂ ikv kr g jk;r ue kdikv jxv 4g krgkp kuukt j,kv g krukt Cgu s s , , wa wa e df l kryjl hurb 4g krgkp kuukt e 4g krukt Cgu e df gd hg kur T s wa T wa T X b 4g krukt e df gd re ]g kNπv df gd re ]g kjc go df gd re3g wa T X , X , q X , k;D /k∂ 4n LkN k<jk/ hjkl 4g hrkv rDfe l uukt jkv 4g kuukt ]Cgu s X s\ , q s s , ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 172 egaP

s ;kt kg jkd®k{kl kd /k∂ ukero jkv 4g Cgu jkd®k{kl Bkd kd /k∂ u s s Z , , s s kero ]rfHuv Bkd hd /k∂ ukero 2g rfe¬ hd /k∂ d rhrv jkv g ;< Z w q s s Z , 1 s s , , Z uf Syf d /k∂ d ;‘ofH 4kukt Cgu hHd suikv kd /k∂ ukero 4g rfe¬ s s s s s Z , 1 hd /k∂ d rhrv ]hd /k∂ Sg je 4g rfe¬ hd /k∂ Sg s;x Glf kdikv 4 s s s q s , 1 s q Z s s ;ki Cgu ukt kd /k∂ ikv Syflb jkv 4g kvg hg klS dr cv hg rpæfuf s s , , q s 4g rkt kg 'kgc eg kr T s s s s s kgo 4kxjd ukd uk;ø7uk;÷ 4rgj Cgu e 'kg eg e /k∂ dfk;D ]xjd uk; a s , s X s X s X s X ÷ ld ji /k∂ sxgd ikv udfsy 4g rki ukt eg lm ]g krkg uk;÷ ji lt s , s X T s s , s f 4sxdl ukt ikv cr ]uk;÷ g kujd ji /k∂ ]Cgu 4kx;kt dp /k∂ kgt X , s s w s a ]hx;kt hyp kgo jtu jGf ]rkc xX;kjgkn hgo jGf ]/k∂ jGf 4kxWd Cgu s a s s s a hHd /k∂ ]g krjd ;<uf e cv 4k;x kg ikRkpæi kr g; ]kvg kjc rgc k s wa Z T s s q q q s r g; ]C;x jxf jkohn gxt7gxt ]k;x jxf ukde 2jv ]xgd ikv cr 4sl X s s X ueæn d unay sx;kv Iky liko ikv ]sxkv kx;kt go 4kxs;kt kyp /k∂ ct q s X , s s 4g k;ki , kg Cgu hHd uyef kd /k∂ j,kv uk;÷ Syflb jkv 4g /k∂ kgt ]g k;x I s s , , s a , ky l kgo 4g Cgu /k∂ kgt ]g k;x kyp kgo e <{ d /k∂ uk;÷ kdikv , s a , s a , a X s s k'eg udfsy 4g k;df /k∂ jH hxnatf ue dfk;D ]g kri kji kd /k∂ >e s , s s T X , w s s q `g Cgu kri kd /k∂ >e ]g k;df /k∂ jkc duv ue df xgd ikv udfy , s s q , s s s T s X s `kxyp kri sld k s , a go ]g Cgu uk;÷ kgt 4kxyp kri kgo ] kxkg uk;÷ kgt 2kxkg Cgu uk;÷ ji , a s a s a s lb ]g kgj uH e xkv ]g kgj yt e /k∂ go ]g kOc jrhH kt henkv g , q X , X s , , s o jkv 2kxs;kt kyp ji henkv lm d uny uk;÷ 2xn dG jdLkG kd hØpf , s a s X X \ s ikv jkv 4Cn [yf k;yfkx jkv hn [yf hØpf kdikv l uny u henkv dS , a , s s a s 4kxkg ji lm kjkeg / s k∂ udfy 4kg kOc e uny go ]kg u kg; henkv go g krdl kg 4g hrkg s s s , X a s a , s T s hdIv kgo [kv hjkeg 4g krkg jH Refuf go ]g k;kxt kd /k∂ ultf 4g a X a , s , s s s , krkg Cgu jiM /k∂ udfsy 4xXy ukt kd /k∂ ikv kr kxkg jiM /k∂ jxv s s s s s s s s 4g krkg jiM /k∂ `g krkg kgd uk;÷ kdikv kr g krkg /k∂ kdikv ct , s s , s a s , s s s 4g uk;÷ akg , t g Fv kd kri 4g krkg uk;÷ kjkeg kgt ]g krkg kd kthp Cgüm eg kri , Z , s a , s X X 2g Cgu hg kri >e udfy ]g k;x jxf u[ kurdf ]g , s q s , w , kgj gc u[ l cd 2h;x xy Ikp e ji kr g; 2jv df kxs;kv uk;÷ slm j w s s X , s s , kv kxkg nc y[ 2kdlm g Cgu uk;÷ kgo 2g kvg kxy ji y[ uk;÷ kjkl s a s , a , q s kdlm ]Cgu kri lm 4g kgj Li Bk[nf kvg krgc u[ kd jln 4g k;x II s , \ q w s s w , w uw[ku ]g Bx xy Ikp e ji ]g kgj gc u[ 2g kgj y[ go dr ct ]Cgu , s X , , w , s kri lm 4g kgj gc u[ ]g h;x xy Ikp e ji 4hdkg g kgj y[ do; dS s , w , s X , , s q
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hH ikv jkv gjr hNπv g rukt kdikv hH Ic jkv 4g rpfjfi rfkH7hyH , T s s s s , T a l uiyxki d hu®i huiv hH ikv jkv 4kd uiyxki dikv g hdp [n kG s s , s s , q s n rgc hu®i 2y [n u hu®i Cgd3kxgd k;D Bkd df kupskl u klS udfy q s s s s s s 4/k∂ g g; ]xkg rpfjfi kGn h s , s X ygi ikv cr ]jd <{hjuf kji kdlm jkv 4g kgj kg kt ]n ukg Idi ]re X w , , s s X s s z X s dkj jkv 4g kgj kg k;D g; df [n kd rykg hji huiv jkv 4y jd nc , , s X s s w , X a jk} Arv `kd uiv g k[n hHd uikv `g krjd k;D g; ]g k;x kg yxki s s , s s , , s kurdf kjkpc g; df g rgd jlwn Syflb ]kxkg k[n e /k∂ kdikv u jlwn s , s s s s X s s s s 4g yxki h;kF¬v henkv h/k∂ ]g yxki h;kF¬ henkv yxki 4g , s , , kd Bkcay Glf jrv 4g Cgu jrv dyfke e henkv yxki j,kv e henkv S Z a , a , X X g ryt e /k∂ 4g rkt kg Syf d knl xky Nd e rykg ltf ]k;x kg e q s X s T s s s s q X s X rykg hlm henkv e jH <{ 4g uiyxki d<f{ ]g uiyxki kvg k;kv Syf X , , q d jn hLkF ]g uiyxki kvg k;kv e iW rî{fl /k∂ ]g rgd dufkKokue s s s\ , q X a s T s , s 2kxskg kpkl k;D u kxky s s X s s w jln ]kF k;df jkc Bd ue g; 4/k∂ g g; df ]l jrhH xX;kt ikd kr xXj s T s , s s a s s d oHquv kd rfF¬f hd uiyxki lb ikv ct 4/k∂ g; g k;D df xjd oH s s , s X q uv jkc hygi ikv cr 4suekl uiv Xn sukt kg Idi kji kd uiyxki jkv u s s z w s , X kt kd rfF¬f yxki hji huiv 4g krkg k;D7k;D df [n jkv n jd nc jk} s w , s X s , X a 4n uyp 6yp l? ]e kog ]e j/v ]e /k∂ df g krdl kg 4xld j,i7Fk X s X s wa X X s s a X s , s s X g dfk;D 6Xn uld ]kg rld ji7Fkg 4g k;x Om /k∂ jrhH df [n jkv y X s X s , , s X s , X jd nc jk} 4kxWd rkc jdkv liko djd uk;÷ ji lb kLkF ]g krkt Te c a a s s\ wa v jkv ]nko;ü/ _ef df n nko;ü/ ujkG kdlm 4k;nf jlov dS kd uukt , X , s s kdikv jrhH 6k;nf kdke dS kd <{hjuf7e®kv ulm ]kiÎ hdlm dfXk;D s , s ]k;nf kojd kni /k∂ sultf ]Xn nko;ü/ kd henkv lm kr ;kt kv /k∂ ct , s s s s s 4Cgu oHuv Bkd kjkeg jkv g upo Sg sPi Xe q s , T q \ k_¬k' e /cl d /k∂ jkv g rfe¬ Glf hd /k∂ 3Cgu srukt eg 2g ;x X X a a s s , , 1 Z s T s ukt eg df g krkg g; eH kdeg jkv 4g hrkt kg [kj hxntf hji jh/7sjh , s z s , , s a w s / Syflb 2krkg Cgu kgo uk;÷ udfy ]g rkg eg [kj ]g eg ryt e /k∂ s a s T s s T s X s 2hn ue hykx ]g gj xskH ikv Ln `g kgj xkH ukd Ln 4xkg ik s T T s a , s , a s X v r/fk∂ jkv n kdikv e hykx 4g krn kd uiv go Ln ]g krjd kjlwn y s , wa s T , s s s a , H df Syflb rHnv df kgd u 0c kr `k;D 2g rjd /k∂ ji yH hd kj w q s q s X T s s w X lwn kt ]xky so g rHnv df g k;ki ue kr kukt ue ct df g kgd u 0c s s T q , s T s s T , s q 4e ukde hg uiv g krkxy hg e xk X s wa T v g; df g kry ukt jkv 4g krkt yduf jgkc jdkxy xkyN henkv e u , s , , a X kde Sg sxy xkv lt ]g hrkt kg hg hl,o rykg hdum ]g ry ukt kt kd q s , , s , s s s s /k∂ e ukero 4hd kutk; hd ;‘ofH u ]g hrkt hd rfe¬ hd rhrv u kr s X Z s , 1 s
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4g Sg j? kd k<ki sdl , q s s s X z m go 4g kgj krPc /k∂ 4g kgj kryt go 2g kgj yt /k∂ l jrhH ]g h , \ s , , s s , y ikF Igkjd¬e l jiM `g k;D hxnx hd ke®kv df g hd Cgu hH ukpgi s q q s , a , hHd ueg df g kdl kg Syflb oHl g; 2g oHl ld g; 2g krgj ugi s , s a , a s , , s kd ke®kv hnx udfy ]krugi Cgu Lid nx go 4g jgkc d hxnx go tkv s a s s \ s a , s a 4kx;kt kg jgkc d /k∂ go rkg7rkg ukot ];kt kg W' huyef dy> hji s s s s s s s s s s q w hd hji hd /k∂ dlm kd pπc l uipc jxv 4kxkg kni henkv ryx Syfl w s s s s s s , b 4g ryx ukKof kd ukuc kd ;‘ue ]kd o®rDf;ø ji 4g ryx k{'f hjkl , s s q s w , 4lm re kudkj 4;kt kg Hky hH kdeg g krdl kg sl < s s s s s , s {hjuf jkgér dfk;D ]sxjd <{hjuf kjkgér jdOc xky d j? hH cl eg 4k s q X X q , s s s [n er lb3g k;x kg k;D jkv ]er kg e rykg hld ]k[n jkv l jkt kj s q s , s , q s X , s s , s s s d df kugd jkv 4kun jd uekl jdy kuBkv jkv 4re kudkj kr ;kt jH , s s s , s s X e /k∂ spπc ct 4re kudkj kd pπc ]gd kdikv e kr yp 'o kjse jxv X s s s s wa s T s s 2k;df Cgu hg Idi hHd ]g z T ;x syp hg rhi jH hxntf jGf 4g k;x yG Gjr cl ]g k;x jH e hLku ] s s a , , , X \ lu hjkeg go ]kd /k∂ g ;hi hg l uipc 2g krkt hi kjkpc go 2Cgu hH s s T s s , s v ]g kvg k;kv e j? ukege ]g nwtke kjlwn hHv 2Cgu hHv ]g rgd eg , q X s , , T s s , kr g krxy ujd /k∂ hH kpπc kl7kIkN 4g k;kcn ueg hg l uipc jxe s s s , s s 4kxkg Cgu kjkckn jGf kr g kukt uikv klS 4g u s s s , s s , rojfi kdlm l uukt kdlm ]g kuukt kdlm ]g Sg Ldi eg kt e hxntf Z s s s , s , q s \ X s X a 4kg hH Nd gkp ]kg lDsl s q s s gkp ]kg Hky gkp3g Syf d kthp hjkl go ]g kgj gd Syf d /k∂ e kt s s s s , s X wa s s T s 4/k∂ g k;D df k;yf ukt ue ]jd ke{ ]xgd s , s T X s X ikv kr 4g rn kdikv k;ufn ]kxgd Bkd jkv 4Syf d Iufef dS ;kt skg s T s s s q s s , s X yxki l jGf ikv ]g kr[yf eku dikv nkn;kt huiv df kxgd jkv kx; s wa s s , s kv Bkd nkc dlm 4kxWd Cgu /k∂ e cv df hxkg Cgu rjWt hd uy el s s a s T s s s d nkc dlm jkv 4/k∂ g k;D ]xjd oHquv kGn hygi ikv kr s;kt kg kd s , s , s X s s jLoc ji ]kd yro ji d /k∂ ]kd jrhH u'n u≈u kji hH jkc dS jkv a s w qZ s w s s Z w , `g kg , j kg k;D g; `g krkg k;D7k;D kukt r[n elm jkv kuy kxy <in 2g r s , s s s X , s Z , fF¬f g; 4hg xkg rpfjfi kji ikv cr dfk;D ]kxkg Cgu go kjkckn nkc sdl s X w X s s m ]kuy [n e rfF¬f hji kd /k∂ gjr hji jkc dS 4n uLi ]kdikv xy s s X w s s w X s \ s s \ uLi kl? ji jkohn 4sxy suyduf hykx ]xy suyduf tkokv l jkt g krdl wa s X s s , kg 4g krgkp kuukt kdlm hHv ]g krkt kg yxki jkv g krjd <{hjuf s wa s wa s , wa kd /k∂ ]kun gd lum d¥fc ]kujd re krpV Bkd udfy 4g rukt kd kIc s s s s s T s s X s
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keg g; ]xkv Bg hryt g; hjkeg 4g cyre Bkd l ;®l u ]g /cal Bkd q , s s , a s s l ukoxH u ]g kun7kuy Bkd l ukoxH u 4g r;yflv hjkeg g; 4g eg k , s s s s , T s t ;>fel ];ufkt kd h[ekyko† lb ];jfd kjkIiuf kd h[ekyko† lb ygi s s s q s q s 2g k;D kr¬kj kd {ske 2syef ld rfk' 2kg ld uk;÷ df g g , s , a s s , T s j Ni jkv g gj xy dD/ l phu 4g kgj ygf rDo ji kt ]g Oc ji h[qe w , T s s s s , s w s T s , kyko† df Cgu r[sn phu jkv 2kxkg ld uk;÷ ]g rkt uNi eg jGf jkv 2 s s , s s , T s s w , T q s , g Sg Oc ji h[ekyko† lb ]g Sg ;kiNf eg kdlb ]cl g jrhH jkeg g; q T q s s , s 4jxf jdk[ jd s Dp e kzxk;uf hu®i jkv s;kt kg klS Cgd df jdkg L[ kF kgj jd okH akg X , s s s s \ ; kjkpc go 2g rkt kg ji okH g krkg eyke ]ukoxH g ]kgd u rfi lm s T s s s w , s w s s 2hLi jxf e kx \ X z k;uf sphu d jF®i jkv k;kv jdDp kd hu®i endS 4g gj jd xk;i djd s , s T s s z s nc [kv kuskn 4kd hu®i jkv rfi g kvg kL[ kgo kLkt dS 4g rjd okH a a X , , q \ a s\ T s kgo jdkt xky Bd 4g krkt kg kji go ];kt k;df okH hH kt jdkg kL[ a s , s w s s s \ ji jF®i lm df g klS jF®i dS lki d rkiiyt kxk;uf df g kuql uTe , s s z z , s 2g gj jd cl eg go 4g kjke kjN jdkv Xe unx hjkg T s , q Z ér ue hHv df kxgd jdkv l jln dS henkv go kGn lhpπi e unf 4g q s T s s s w X , k;D rykg hd k;ufn df kxyp kri kdikv cr 4xn gd hlo ]hxkg hlt ]Xrk q s s s X , X , c hd r;yflv cl huiv eg df Xy jd ;r henkv pki jxv 4g rykg k;D a , hd k;ufn df ;kt yp kri tkv kr n yk[ henkv cl tkj d jrhH jxv q s s X s s 4g Bg hyHal , q k;ufn kr Syflb 2Cgu krgd Bkd l jgkc! ]jrhH g kgj yp cl g; 4kg q s s s , s hpkl hd ukcn u Gn Bd unx hd hu®i ultf ]g ydæfe kutk[ rfi klS s s s Z s , q s s 4kg hpkl u rkc hd ujd e®[ kd ikc sultf ]g ydæfe kutk[ kIc klS 4 s s s s , q s s s kd suiv kn jd e®[ df kpkl Cgu kGn lhpπi ln ultf ]henkv klS g y s s s s s , dæfe hg kutk[ 4kg k;df u jkpof kd ujd e®[ kd uiv jkc jkp kn ik q s s s s s s v uiv e hxnatf ultf ]g ydæfe kutk[ henkv klS ]g rgd dufkKokue s X s , q s s T s , s 2g , hy jd Cgu k;®ge®kv hd n[ Gn hurdf 4g k;yf jd l gjr hji kgo ]sF q s , s w a rdl jd kgt udfsy 4dl Cgu jd Syflb ]g jkted 4g Cgu dG Bkd Xe s a s T s , Z s lm ]g jckjc kpkl k; k;df go 4kd henkv lb n kyif jgt ]kpkl Cgu jk , s s X s c hurdf 2hIkd e ue ]hIkd jrhH 2hn Ikd unx hd hldf e rkc hl7kjt X Z X jkc hurdf 2g hd Cgu k;®g hd kxky urdf jkc hurdf 2g krkg Cgu ue k , X s s , s d ujd k;D7k;D hH cr ]g Oc j? 2g krkg Cgu ue kd ujd k;D7k;D df s T s , , s s ]ikv ji ue suiv kujd yk;[ cr ]g ryduf ikv ji r¬kj ct 4g Sg y T s s , q s kHl kd suiv gjr hldf go Gjr kjkp eltf ]g h[ekyko† dS henkv jg a s X X , q
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4hx;kt h;ki Cgu kjkcn 4rkc go hxk s q s g Cgu kjkcn nkc d unf lm ]sxdl [n e kru≈u kdlm ]g kiNf kt Xe ;kj q s X s X s , s X s 7X;kj d ke®kv huiv jkv d ue uiv jkv d jhj' uiv jki7jki ikv unf s s , s s , s s s s ltf jkc dS jkv 4[n jkv y jd jgkc ]kd uixu jd Gkl ]y Lk?m ]y , X s , X s s a X X \ X ykduf kd k;rfF¬f hjkl 4[n djd uk;÷ kji jkv [n djd xk;i kji Xe s X X s s w , X s s s z w k'n hd ekd kr kg ekd ]e k'n hd Hky kr kg Hky ]e k'n hd /k∂ kr s s X s s s s X s s kg /k∂ jxv 4[n djd xk;i kdlb Syflb 4g Cgu kri eg e pl ]Cgu s s X s s s z , X X 2 g kukuc kr¬kj kd du ]kukg kri kd krkc hNπv jkv 4g kri rkc hNπv c , Z s X , , X l 2g kri kdeg cl 2g kjc ekd ]g kjc /k∂ df g kri kdeg dfk;D ]e , s , q , q s , s X X Fkl g hH hukK jkv 4g k;x kg kØdb jkH kdcl um jkv g hlk;˙v L\c e T , , s , T s g d kchdjr hd ukg rk'v 4g krLi kujd Cgu hH Nd jkv Syf d ukg s X s s a , \ q , s s s rk' 4g krkt kg rk' henkv kr X;kt kv e >el chdjr hd ukg rk'v jk a , s a s X X s s a , v 4g hrkg chdjr hd sukg rk'v Glf 4hrkg Cgu chdjr Bkd hd ukg rk' T s X s a Z s s s s a 2Sbkrc chdjr hd ukg rk' kr s>e g krjL e 4g krdl jd Cgu s s a s q wa T wa g; e jkv 4g ydæfe kudQ jGf `ld kxdQ kr k;df hjkt ue jxv jkv T , , q s , wa s s T , 4g jrhH je cl go ]g gj gd kt ikv dfk;D ]kxMskg kdp kg yxki kr , s s T s s X a q s s e ]kgd ukgüm kr `k;D 4Cgu hg kxMkv e jGf nkc uhge dS ]kgd ukgüm T s X s X a T s s X 4;kv nkc uhge dS jGf 4n ukg go ]g krkg kt 4n LkN yd X s X s s , s s X s\ q ycf kd suiv uhge dS 4dG jF®i kr kg ue kd udG jF®i 4n hykx kr s s X X s s s X X s kg ue kd un hykx ]pku kr kg ue kd upku ]X;ky¥pf kr kg ue kd uky s s s X s s s s s s ¥pf e uhge dS 4kn ukt kg Idi gjr hji kd o®rDf;ø jkv kvkt yp Xe X s s s s z w s , s s rkdS Syf d suhge dS 4ky jd ekd dS er ygi df ]kgd lum ue kr a s s q s s s T s `aWd uk;÷ ld ]Mkg rk' ld ]Wd k;D df sxy ugd l>e go kr 2g hd rhpr s , a s a s , a s s q s , kc ]g hd kckrdf hjkn>el ed rgc df g kvg kni jL kLkF dfk;D ]Tg ;k , X q , q , s\ X s v j/b go e ikPc kjt cv 2g jkn>el go df g srn kojd kni okH kd X s q\ , T s , jkn>el hH kd hldf jdyef >elku jktg o dfk;D 4kxkg krkg l rkc hl s s X s s s df hg n;k' kurm ]g krkg kd rDf;ø hldf rgfv kurtf l uuke d kxky , s s s s X s kjktg jkv 4g ruke güm xky kjktg ]g rfk;“ hLc 4s;kv lki je o 4g sr X , T s X s X , \ s s s T kg uke0fqc l kckrdf lc henkv uke0fc 4g henkv uke0fc Lc rgc dS s s X q T q s \ q 4e kr<ijfi hdlm g kuy ukt lm ]g ;®l kt 4kd X Z w , s s , s ;®l g go ]kd ukK g go jkv3 g Zxke hg dS Syf d ukg rDe llb 4g , , , , s s s q s , k;x kg kØdb rgc ]g ;x yp ;kcn [n kucf 2g k;x kg kØdb Syflb h[ s q T s s s s s , s ekyko† jkv g Cgu k[n hHd sueg kdlb jkv 4g ykol hylv o®rDf;ø kj q , , s s , ,
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kv df g krsy ukpgi djd [n krt jkep 4g Lnike uiv7uiv 2g sry u , s s w , a s s T s kpgi kd henkv l krt jkv ji XkdLl rkj7unf g srgj r[n hg rt jkv s s X w , \ T s s s w , 4g rgj r[n hg rt Glf ]Cgu hg r[n rjl7yD' jkep df g g; kr pl T s s s s w Z s s w , s 4kx kg Cgu rofkHi Bkd jkv d kjkep ;kolf 4g e hryx rgc ikv kr xkg g s z s , s X T X q s s X s j kg rofkHi rgc jd[n kd rwt dikv hH jln df kg gj pkl ikv jkv s z q s s s s s w X s s , 4kr[n Cgu Bkd jkv d jkep ;kolf kd rwt dikv kr g ryduf ikv ji s s , s s s s s T s dLl lt ]g rkc hg hlsS g;3kuLi Bk[nf sugx udfy ]ulm kxkg k[n rg \ s , , \ s s s s q c kd jgp d krhl 4g krkg kOw> ydycf ;p‰c klS jkv 4;kt jL l u[ s s s s , s q Z z s , s s s n Gjr hd jgp df krkg Cgu jkted kurb 6krkg Cgu uhgyc ]rhH;H ku s s s s s s rb Z;p‰c udfy 4kF hjkp‰c <e”y 4g Cgu hjkp‰zc df g Cgu g; <jkd z s z , T kdlb 4g hjkp‰c go df g Cgu g; <jkd kdlb 4xkg Li Cgu Bk[nf go , z , s X s \ `g rdl Li Bk[nf ugx jd[n kd h_¬ rHnv jkv T s \ s s s q , jnl hlt krhl 4Cgu <e”y ]kxkg jkul go kr [nf jkg kd yx dlm kd qa , s q s s s s s hldf jkv [nf kjgp kd krhl 4g ydæfe kutk[ skd h_¬ jnl knk;† llm ] , s s , q s qa s rLfe7kegfe knk;† llm 4F rjd ei kdlm <okj jkv ekj henkv rHnv a s s s zs s , q s lcl kn d uket lm 4g hrkg hHd l ydæfe e k;ufn h_¬ jnl hlt krhl s s s T s s q X q qa , 4g hrkg hji hed hd ;nTkl go 4Cgu hg krkg kd h_¬ jnqal 4g k , s w Z s s , rkg dk' kd uugi ugx hg kd h_¬ iWd jkv 4g hrkt jtu ji ugx dlm s , s s s q , , s s kr kg iWd h_¬ Glf 4Cgu hg hrkt jtu ji ugx dlm kr kg jnl h_¬ j s s q Z s s s s qa xv df g kurb <jkd yd kdlb 4kF hjkp‰c go df kF Cgu g; <jkd kd , q z lb 4h;x Cgu hHd jtu hdlm ji kugx jln ji jhj' d krhl 4kxkg kru X s w s s kpgi kdum go 4sxkg Li Bk[nf tkj7tkj lm ugx d ji o ]d krhl rLi7 s X s \ s s s s s , s s s \ s \ , s rLi ji tkj7tkj 4g Cgu ok>ym Nd knk;† llm 4g rkc h/hl7h/hl 4kF k s , q s , rLi ji d krhl gcl tkj <e”y df g g; <jkd kr dS 4g <jkd uhr7kn \ , s q s , s T s `Li Bk[nf k;D hg s \ X sugx d ji kd <e”y `g k;“k;ø k;D hdikv kr g ryx k;“k;ø hd kckuo s , s , s , s f jxv df g kNi su _ef um kr 4Cgu krjL l u[n Gjr hd jgp sd krhl , w s s s s s s kF;üv ]g Cgu ydycf hjkp‰c <e”y df g kryp kri llb dfk;D 4g u , q z , s X , keiv ]g Cgu ukeél kd <e”y g; jkv g ryx k;“k;ø g; df kgd ue kr , , , s T s 2g kr[n Cgu Gjr hd , s jgp d krhl Syflb ]g krjd ku/kl hd ;p‰c ]g hjkp‰c dO‘fu <e” s s s , Z z , z , y df g hd k;“k;ø kt u kckuof kr ]Li Cgu Bk[nf ugx Bkd jkv sLi Bk[ , s s s s s \ s s , \ nf kd <e”y ugx d ji d krhl df ]kgd ue df g kNi u _ef jln dS s s s , s s T , w s s w 4 kukt Cgu df kuukt ]g rDe Cgu jkv 4g k;x kg rDe ]g k;yf kukt ultf , q , , s q , s
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Cgu kxxkH go 4g krkg ukoZ;ho rgc kr ;p‰c ]g hrkg jkted krdekd s , s q s Z z , s s q 4g Cgu ydycf hjkp‰c ]g jkted rgc go ]kg krxkH l h_¬ hjkp‰c kt , q z , s q s s z s 4krkg Cgu kuxkH ]hrkg Cgu hjkp kgo ]g s s s a , Z ;p‰c kgt 4g krkg ho¬tr ]g krkg hyk'rDf' ]g krkg trl rgc ;p‰c z a , s s , s , s s q Z z 4g krkg Cgu ;ñouf kurb trl ;p‰c 4g Cgu ; , s Z s Z z , Z p‰c g; 2g ;p‰c eku kd ukuc kylkG phc d "Qi jkv h_¬ 2g ;p‰c z , Z z s s q , , Z z eku kd sukt xkH 2g ;p‰c Fv kd suy jd nc [kv df g rpkl klS x , Z z Z s a a T s s s s s ky jkl s; dfk;D ]g krdl Li Bk[nf ;p‰zc elb kd kxky d gjr lm j X , \ Z X s X s s kv ht kckuof udfsy 4g /cl Bkd kd gj,xo Z;p‰c llb df kruke Cgu Te , s , a a s z s 4kx[n kd kru≈u ukd uekl d Z;nkl lm 4hxkg hrLi Cgu Bk[nf kd hld s s s , s s T s \ s f kru≈u hdum df F jnl urb o jkv 4sxkg gj erfiv o hg e kru≈u lm s qa s s , X s z s X 4sxkg s;x kg L[ sxu jdyk[ Lid so 4sxkg gj henkv jnl rHnv jhokge X s s \ a s s \ X s qa q 4g krkg kni eH dS kd Z;nkl kd k;kd cr jkv 4g , s , z T s , T Cgu iWd kt ]gj rLi Bk[nf l¬gf o Glf d k;kd jkv 4;kt dP Xe kLid q s X s \ s s Z s , s a X \ kriWd hjkl hd k;kd df l cklgf g krLi kudkP kd k;kd lm sl kLid q s , \ a s X \ 4g hryx kudkP l kLid kd k;kd jnl hurm 4g h>elku , a s X \ s qa , kukxy sLid kd k;kd jnl hurm kr 4g hrkg l ydæfe e k;ufn k;kd jn \ s qa s , s s q X q qa l hlt jhokge 4g ho¬ir ]hxk;® df y pkl re g; 4hgj Cgu rjWt hd u , T X s s ugi Lid jGf 4;x kg L[ sxu Syflb ]F xky jnl rgc xky lt jhokge s \ s s s \ a s s qa q s s , 4g , krktl Cgu kr Cgu 6g h;x gj hed Nd Cgd df g krjd oHuv ]g kruk s , q , q , t ct ]cr g krktl kd uiv henkv 4g <{y kd kriWd ugx 4x;kt yp , s s T q s s X s s s rkg rt√lof urm sugx ]hx;kt hyp hrkg jnl hurtf k;ufn 4g krkt u[ s s s qa q , s s s Z T s s n kd ;nkl d ugx ukd kgo ]g krkg ;nkl kd jgp kgt df g g; kr pl , a , s Z T s s a , s 4kF Cgu nk; hH kdum udfy ]kd krhl kxkg k[n kjgp s s s s s sukgüm `kF Cgu nk; Xk;D kdum 4F Cgu hjkp‰zc kr ekj 4F Cgu nk; hH k X s s s s s d ekj l gto hlb 4rgj nk; Cgu kd hldf ]Cgu hg kd <e”y 6rgj Cgu s s s s s nk; kd hldf sugx d h_¬ jnl hl,t krhl jGf 4F e yk;[ o ]xkg ;x kv s s qa s X s s X s Xe jtu hdlm sugx o jrjuf tkj7tkj 4ji kji um kxkg k[j jlf tkj7tk s a s s X , s s s j df k;x gj nk; Syflb Glf ]kugx kd ji go kd <e”y 4r[n Cgu kjg Z , s s s p ]g r[n hg krwt Glf kt ]g rkg hjkp‰c sLc jkep df ku>el re klß s T s s Z s T s s z \ kr kr[n Cgu Bkd rt ;kolf d kjkep udfy 2g kry ukpgi kd henkv s s s s w s X s , s s jkv g kry [n kd rt jkep go 2kxkg kld henkv go ]g krt kdldf ]g , , s s s s w s , , w , krn krc krt 4g krLm e tkgt Bkog df g kryp ji dLl henkv df g s w , \ X , \ , krn krc krt 4Cgu df g Nd e lh[ d henkv df g hrn krc cl rykg s w , q X s s , s hd rt 2g krn krc cl krt go 2k;x rht df k;x jkg ]g jI¬ufef hen s w , s w ,
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yflb 4kxuc kl,o go ]sx;kuc kl,t eg 4g sxy e ukuc kdlm eg 4g k;nf s X T X s s , jd 0lf knky kd hÈef Glf sueg kd henkv jln df g Fv dS Glf elm X Z s s w , Z Z X 4g Cgu Fv Bkd jkv elm ]e sukIef kd k;‘'f g krkv kte kt kd kvQx , Z s , X X s X , s s X q 4g kte kd ukIef kd rDf;ø jln go ]g kte kd , s s s w , kruhg kte go ]g krkv kte kt e suykP e pkP uiv kd rDf;ø sjln d , s X X s a s s w fk;D ]s;kt uke go df kxjd kF¬o;ø hd gjr cl go ]kxjd ;kim cl go X s s d sukoue lm 2g kruke Cgu df g kruke hje kdLy kje df g kd rkc s s , , s \ s , lb lj kdlm e nk;ufc rgc 4g krkt kuke Cgu df g krkt kuke go ]g k X q q , , wa rgd e kt df g hd rkc lb ∂Gf lm 4g dhO k;D df g ∂Gf hd rkc lb T s , s , , s lm u ]g ∂Gf hd <k;¥d lm kr u ]g kgj gd kt go df g Cgu hH krp , s s , s , kl hHd go kr 4g <k;¥d kjkgér e hlb ]g dhO g; dfk;D ]kjd hg klo s s , q X , X s , ]gd klt e df g krgd l Ic ikc ct 4g iW rHnv Lc d klgV hd Rpf wa , T , s s s T q s \ s 2g krkv lj kLc kd , \ s klgV hd Rpf e sukuc kd jln ]e uync kd jln e ylv 4g kryef nu X s s w X s s s w X , a kv kLc kd klgV hd Rpf e <k;¥d d jln 2kxkg jkoeétf kjln kr ydu \ s X s s w s s w s s f u ek<jfi jxv df g g; rkc hd n;kG hLc lcl e <k;¥d d jln jkv , s \ s X s s w , 4g krLi eyke yjl yd , \ w q ycf <k;¥d kd jln 4g krLi eyke kr¬kj jkOd kjt go 2<k;¥d kuiv g s w , \ w s , krLi eyke ekd kd I>a> go kdum 2g rkt xy e <k;¥d d jlwn xky \ w s T s X s s s Bd Syf d supc l <k;¥d uiv udfy 4g ydæfe kurdf <k;¥d hg kuiv s s s s , q 4krLi Cgu Bk[nf eg kt ]g kvg kiNf jkdgv jdrgfv kjgx rgc hg e \ X s , q a q X rkc hd sujd <k;¥d d jln kr dS `kdikv g kujd <k;¥d k;D kd jlwn s s w s s , s 4g hrxy sukOm kpM kd kjlwn jkv g hrxy uyG Gjr kjkp <jdf hd T a s X , T s , X X BkpM lm kr kg rlfdof BkpM hd n[ 4g hrxy uOm hpM ;kog hjkl hd a s s a q T s a X lkilkv Fkl d BkpM lm kr kg rlfdof BkpM hd n[ df g g; kr pl s a s s a q , s `g rdl ky ikv sld T s , BkpM e jln kr g Cgu BkpM Bkd hd n[ dfk;D 4kxkg Cgu <k;¥d lum a X s w s , a s q X s s ]g rgkp kujd <k;¥d kd kjln hjkdrfk∂ rFfdkFr kt ]djk/l kt ]do T s X w a s q s sl kt jldv jkv 4g krdl jd jWt <k;¥dv ji eku d <k;¥d ]kg `g k s , , s a , rdl jd ld <k;¥d kd jln go ]g Cgu kpM a;o¬ henkv kt jkv 4g Cgu s , s w , a s , , <k;¥d Bkd kd jln jkv kLc l BkpM hd ;o¬ df g Cgu hg kri g; Xeg s s w , \ s a a , `kxkg ld <k;¥d kd kjln llm udfy ]g hrdl kt h;ki kr s s , X w s s , s BkpM hd ;o¬ llm ]g rjd rkc hd ku/kl ltf ikv 4g kNi u _ef dS a a s T s , w s 4Cgu eyke Nd ]knk;† llb ]UHf sllb w q s ]kgd sue kt df g krxy hg kurb s>e 4g Cgu rkc lk[ Bkd hlt ujd k; T s , q , s , s “k;ø jkv 4kruke Cgu klo e 2Bkd g Cgu kgo ykol kd ujL 4Cgu kxjL ] , , T s , a s s
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4g rîk;i ]y jd kuiv rDf;ø d;®i <k;¥d 4g krdl jd kd sIc , Z s s z , s ikc u ]g hrdl jd kd Ic ke u3g krdl jd Cgu <k;¥d kd hldf Bkd , s s a , s 2kgj rync kdlm dfk;D ]kn re hH uje jkv s s s X s s , kn jd hH kvg kje 2kn ugj re hH kntV jkv k[j hH kntV 2skync ]kvku s q s s , s s c kd henkv lm df g krkv elb kte kji 4g krkt hg je henkv dfk;D ] s , X w , X g krkv Cgu kte kd ukrl go l dwnc kr kg kukrl kji jxv kd hldf kr , s s a s s w s s 4g gj jd ;kd e rgf d T s Z X s hlm ikv dfk;D ]krdl Cgu hH gd Nd go df g g; BkuOfd hLc jkv X q , \ , 4h;x kg rchle hdlm ];x Li ikv sNhi d <k;¥d d henkv ltf 4g krskg s q s \ s s , jZpkI Glf ]g krkg Cgu <k;¥d dfk;D ]kujd re <k;¥d kd hldf jdyH Z , s X w 2kd ujd <k;¥d ]kd ukuc g krkg kte kd Qx jkv 4g rn kuc kl s s , s s q , T s s S eg df g krjd kokn Qqx 4kxn kuc klS Xeg Qx df g srkg e Hky ;‘'f s , s s q T s X s 4g krkg Cgu /cl Bkd jkv phc dum , s a a s , s rDjfrfv dlb jkv g ryp sxkv e jkdgv Qx ]g ryp Nhi e Hky ;‘'f s , T s X a q T s s X s 4g k;nf kdke >e u ukoxH kt ]g kr , , s q s s wa gkp kukg hgo e 4gj jn kjt ikv ]utQqx jd kiÎ ikv 4g krgkp kukg Te s T X w X wa s go ]g k;nf kd ukg n[ kdke dS u ke®keji df g krgd g; henkv dZef , s s q , s , k/ dfk;D 4Qx u ]g kruc ;‘'f u henkv defk/ 4kxuc ;‘'f ]kxs;kuc Qx X q , Z s q henkv defk/v 4g rgkp kuxy e ''fkd hd ukg lt jkv hldf kt ]g d Z T s X s s s s , , s T Zefk/v xky jkl so 4g kxy e ''fkd hd sukg ;o¬ kt ]g go henkv defk/ s s , X s s a s , Z 2g hn jd nc ulm ' , a s 'fkd hd sukg ;o¬ jkv g k;x xy e ukg 9jkv8 jdLdi <jp d Qx hldf s s a , , X s s , \ s q go ji ]kukg 9r8 r df kF k;nf kdke u ke®keji kd henkv lm 2g jk;,r s w w , s s wa s kd suuc hyriOd e Fkg d jlwn e 2g krk[ jkd/fv kd ukg rDf;ø e d q X s s T wa s s s T f k;nf gd g; u henkv lm dfk;D 4hn k[ ke®kv huiv u henkv lm ]g s X s s , krkg htkj kd uuc l Fkg d jln hldf henkv kt dfk;D 4g k;kpgi Cgu s s s s s s w s X , qa s , u jkv hldf kurm ]g k;kpgi ukldqu kurtf u k;‘'f jkv kvQx kd k;ufqn , qa s X , X q s 2g ry Ldi ji kjkgér eg 2kn kuc eg er kyp ]g krgd hen T s s \ , q s X q s , kv g; 4g rdl Cgu kuc kd uiv kr eg ]BkH g dhO df g rkt kg htkj T s s s s , T s s xky Sg jL jkv 2sx;kuc eg ]g rgd xky dkujr[ jkv 4g xky dkujr[ s q s , X T s s , T s o ]g rkt kg htkj kd ukuc kt jkv g rkg xky Sg jL jkv jkted o ] s T s s s s s , T s s s q s , s s g rkt kg htkj kd suuc kt `g krdl kuc kdldf ukd ]g kyko ukuc ukd T s s s s , s , , s , 2;n s f kuc ueg henkv urb df g rjd kF¬o;ø g; jkv g rn k[lf xkP l dS s s T s , T s s X s ]hd k;efnkv hydu g rn jd hL[ jkrd 4g rn kugi Lid l dS Qx S X T s s \ T s s s \ s q
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m 4g hrpgi <jdf hd /k∂ dr lkLi hH kr kvkt jH l /k∂ jrhH udf T qa X s s \ s s s s y ]re hH kykc ]k/kc re hH Fkg ]k[j nc re hH [kv ]kgd ulm udfy s s s s a s a a s s `kxLi kujd Nqd ]xL s \ s X \ i suykc nç' Nd 4hxLi hupef [kv ]hxLi hu/kc hØe kr kg kujd Idi s q s \ a s \ a q s s z /k∂ jxv 2kxLi kugd Nd3ld gd kucf 4g ydæfe rgc gd kucf ]kgd s s \ q s , s , q q s su krsuHfv lm 4g krkg unol kd okH hH gd kucf df kgd ulm sl kruH , s s a s s s fv lm jkv kF k;kv suyef llm krsuHfv dS 4g rkg rnfol okH hH gd , s T s s s a s kucf df kF krjd xk;i Nd ji lb go 4kF henkv rHnv dS e kdhjev s z q q X 2g rgj rkg lk;kuv ]rkg Cgu rtfk;ufl o udfy ]g rkt T s s s s s s q s s T s kg W' ukv ek<jfi de¬fdkv d BkpM lm ]g hrPc hurtf BkpM hd n[ s q s s a , \ a q 4k;df gzxuv kd ujgO lki dlm ]k;nf nukv kdlm 4k;nf kdke ukgüm q s s a s , s X dfk;D ]g krsn güm nko;ü/ 4hHd g rkg ;x jgO phu dlm kt o ]g krk X , X T s s s s s s s , t kxke Cgu lum nko;ü/ kr g hrOm ji BkpM ke®kv hd rDf;ø hldf ct a s s , a 4nko;ü/ kr Bx kv e ekd k;kN hdlm df yp kri kd {o lm df k; s X s s 1 nf kdke suikv `g krjd ekJof lki dldf ]cd ukd 4k;df ekJof e lki , , s , X dlm <{ kn jkv hd kiÎ uikv df g krkg rhgxuv henkv go ]gj uk;÷ s s , s , s 1 q s 4g krkg rhg1xuv kr go 4kxs;kt n hH nko , s q s s ;ü/ Bkd df hrkg Cgu hH k{iv hd nko;ü/ lm ]krkt uc Cgu Qx Bkd g s s s s q s o udfsy 4g rjd ekJof xky rgc sphu dlm ]g rkg W' ukv yG jkv S T s s q s T s s q s w , a k[k' elm ]{o kd ke®kv go ]g krkg kLc {o kd jrhH d rDf;ø hg slt X 1 , s \ 1 s , 4g ;≈kHkl kLc hH g; 4kdQ phu dlm Bkd d , , \ s s s f g kyef nukv kd {o 4g h;x kg e®[ rkc 4kvkt rn k<{fn ]kg gj kt , a s 1 , s s s s s s ]k[n df g krgd {o u jkv kd {1o ]kd k;kN g krn nko;ü/ hHd jhxgk s s , 1 , s s , s j u 4g rkt syp ]g rkt dQ sphu dlm jhxgkj kr ]g hrxy uLi Gjr kj T s T s s s , s \ X kp dlm k;kN uktuv rgc dS ]g krkg kLc {o kd ke®kv hd jrhH d r s q , s \ 1 s Df;ø l,t7lt 4g krkt dQ jkv g kryduf gkj Bkd 4g lc k;kN 4hxWd <k s s , , , , s , a ;¥d kjkgér e df g Cgu hrgd k;kN ]kvkt kv df g Cgu hrkyc k;kN 4g q T , s , q , krkt dQ phu dlm henkv kryp gkj ]g k;kN hu? hdlm ]g {o kLc dS s s , , 1 \ 4 g krkt y[f yG hH e ue dlm ]g krkt dQ jkudf d gkj kt go 4g kr , w X s , s s s , kt y[f yG hH e ;nÔ d henkv kd jH <{ ]g hrkt dIf [kv ji yG w X s s T X a w 4g hrkt wN /axl ]g kryduf hH kt l gkj 4k[n >e df g Cgu krky¥pf g T X q , s s s s s q , o kr g krkt y[f yG dS kd jkudf d r¬kj lt ]g hg lS g; 4g hrkg s , w s s s s , , s s , s rjfrof lk;kuv k<jzsi g; ]g hrkg Cgu Bx hn k<ji g; 4g rkt jH sl k< , s zs T s ji hd k;bkpM um lk;kuv ]dukpv uoht d Gjr kjkp dlm kr g krkt zs X a s X s s , y ji k;bkpM kd uoht uiv ]g krjd <k;¥d kuiv rDf;ø Bkd ct jkv s X a s s , s ,

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4g rkt yp rkg Gjr kjkp ek<jfi dcl um T s s s s X s ]g rsy okH e ue kt ]g rjd kt ]g rpkl kt ]g rjd oHuv skt cl e T s X s T s s T s s s T s q g df Cgu hg kri eg 4Cgu jc[ Bkd ]Cgu oHuv Bkd kd Xkek;kv hH Cgüd X s q s f d rxt d jrhH eg dfk;D ]g Cgu /kc Gkl7Gkl Bkd kdlb eg udfy s s X X , s s X s 2g hd Idi rfk' ulm ]g k;kv hH kt df xkg ukjg jdukt e Ia? lh , z a s , s s X , X s ckp ikv 4kukt uc jkcv d rfk' ]re kugd Nd 6kugj jH l rfk' rDo , a s a q s s a ji 4Cgu rfk'v Bkd 6Cgu kLhi ]Cgu [n ]Cgu krpV Nd e hxntf slt df s w a s \ q q X a , kuht lsS I? lhckp 4g k;nf LkN okur cl ]g Cgu rfk'v e uoht Bkd sl s s a , , s\ , a X s , t ]kukt kg rk' l gjr lb I? lhckp hHd 4ku[n djd kIym llb ikv s a s s a , s s s 4kxs;kt kg rk'v s a go ]kx;kv lki dikv henkv kt df sxjd oHuv e I? lhckp ikv jkv s s s X q X s a , , 4kujd re Idi okH Bkd 4g rk'v e ]re kugd l hldf udfy 4kukt ky z s wa a T s s p rkg rk'v l rk'v I? lhckp df ]ku[n djd xk;i I? lhckp dS kr s s a s a s a , s s s z s a , s 4g rk'v rgc ikv df T a q kd rkc lb ku[n djd xk;i ikv hHd 4g kgj kg hH cr ]g rk'v ikv c s s s s z , s T a t 4g kgj kg rDo jg ]g kgj kg hH hHv 4g krkt kg ed l ed g; udfy , s , s , s s s 4g hrxy uyG <jdf hd rfk' lki T s , X a lkv dlm kr g krkg rk' Z<ijfi rDf;ø Bkd jxv 4g hrxy uI? SkuI? s s , s a w s T s a hd ei Gjr kjkp dlm kr g krkg kjH l ei rgc jrhH rDf;ø Bkd jxv zs X s s , s s zs q s 4g krxy uid ]g krxy uygf hH /k∂ kd jrhH du , s a , s s s m 4g hrkt pgi <jdf hd /k∂ hH e Rpf dum ]g rkg yh'unol ]g rskg T qa X s X s T s s s a T s oIîfljf rfi d /k∂ hH xky urtf jGf jkv 4g hrkt hyp hryG Gjr kj s z s s s s , T , X kp ]Skog hdlm ]<jdf hdlm kr g krykL jF®i kd /k∂ l jskt elm he a X s , s s X nkv dS ct jkv 4g kvg kyG go 4g rxI‘fel ]g oIDfyd ]g rD;al rx , , q , , , s , q t kdue go jkv 4g rxt dS kd ue jkeg hg klS 4g 'kdkvkue hg klS , , s s , s s 2hx;kt hyp hryG xjr dr jn kyhe jkv xdIi jF®i eg X , X a w X , s X a kg; 2g hrkt hyp hryG dr jwn jkv g hrOm ]g rdG jF®i eg Xe huki T , , T T s X l,t3xjr hd /k∂ 4kF k;x jH l /k∂ lt kjed kji 4g dhO g krkg ey s X a s s s s , w , , s w ke ]g rgd kt ikv jkv 4kd ukg r/fk∂ ji ikv ]kF kgj jd xk;i e kIa? T s s , s s s s z T k/kv udfy ]kvg Cgu tkjku e ]Cgu kgd Nd kdikv kr ue `g rkc k;D s q T q s s s T , 3g ;x kg tkjku ji >e ikv ]g krkg ewyke df kgd l kruHfv lm ulm T s s q , s s s s 2jddkp k;x kg kL[ T s \ endS kr kIky liko nkc kI? k/kv 4kgj krjd rkc Bkd hjWt go ji uk s , a s s G dr I? /kv 4k;x gj kydv e jed krsuHfv 4k;x kyp e lGfkv uiv s a s s X s X s go jkv htc hI? hd ukG hHr 4krLi Cgu lkoæof >e ]kgd u kruHfv l , a s \ s q s s
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`Xn sn ;ƒekl hlsS ]kjd <k;¥d kd jln er df kgd u kvkrosn um Z s s w q s X 4kxy jd jkdhxv lm Te 4kn wa a s s sn kgkp kun er hH kt jGf kr kx;kt kg ukeiv jxv ]kgd u jhdG lm s s q s s s s s 4g s;kv sun n[ eg 4rn Cgu eg cr ]g krkv ux T s q s s , s ke Bkd kr leg 4kx;kt kg ukeiv kjkeg kr g; ]Cgu df kgd u kvkrosn a s s s s s s s X udfsy 4g k;x yef go ]Sgfkp skt >e dfk;D ]Sgfkp Cgu >e g krgd go , s q X s q , 2g rLi Cgu hH rzsi7rH Nhi dum ]Sgfkp eg ]g T s \ w s s X T rgd kt 2Sgfkp Cgu eg ]g rgd kt ]g rkt Li Nhi d Cgüm krosn udfy s s X T s s T s \ s s s 4nko;ü/ ]hrkt gj Cgu xke l uyef kdltf ]k;x yef go 4h;x a s s s Ief hg xke hje kr cv dfk;D ]waxke k;D e cv udfy ]kgd u jhdG lm a s s X a T s s 4g rgkp T s kun uknjo Nd s>r eg ]Sg '[ rgc eg df kgd llm u kvkron df g s q q q q q s s X s , hrgd hukgd kr k;x pgi kgo go dukpv ct 4g dkykv kgt ]g rev akg s qa a , s a , 1 t ]g k;x pgi kgo go 4g krpgi hyk';≈kHkl Bkd hg hHd kgt ]k;x pg , qa a , qa , s a qa i e dky lm go 4CI? ;kuI? rHnv e Rpf d jhdG lm ]kF jhdG dS X s X q X s 4Cgu hH kri gütf ]g krkg X , s kdum <k;¥d 4g kgj tk[ ;kim kd ukrl kd henkv hldf u hldf go 4g , s s s , dkujr[ henkv g; df ku>el kr s;kt ujd <k;¥d kd hldf henkv Bkd s s s 4kryp Cgu hH kri kdlm ]g krkt kg lk;kuv go 4g krkg r , s , s F¬fim jlov kd <k;¥d lltf ]kxs;kt kg W' kukg Idi cl go ]e kekd s s q s z X X s dlm ]e jhj' dlm ]e kursp hdlm ]e ue dlm ]e o®rDf;ø dlm sl X s X X s X s ek<jfi d uxy e <k;¥d hlm jkv e <k;¥d uiv g kukt xy kd d;®zi s s X , X s , s s 4xke g rhjiof Nd 4kx Z , q kg Cgu gjr lb ]Cgu 2Cgu kri hH Bkd kd <k;¥d jkv g kgj kt krPc < s s , , \ k;¥dv 2g hld rykg hd k;ufqn [sn jkv 2g Sg xy e <k;¥d cl 2g gj , , X , T q s X T s jd <k;¥d kd h_¬ "Qi 2g gj jd <k;¥d kd kxky d k<o d phu xky q T s X s s ˜ s s s d k<o d jiM 2g gj jd <k;¥d kd k;lfkonfkv xky ;˙l 2g hgj jd <k s ˜ s T s X s , ;¥d kd rfkt hjln ]rfkt dS 2g kgj jd <k;¥d kd jln henkv jg tkv w , s w 4 g krkg rF¬fim jlov kd u/l d yxe d jln Fkl d yxe Sg s/kl lm , s s s a s s w s a q 4g kuy /kl yxe kuiv ]g kujd Cgu <k;¥d kd jlwn , s a , s 4rdl Cgu hg jd s kni hHd kog Bkd eg Syf d <k;¥d rDjfrfv dlb 4kxkg <k;¥d k;D , s s s s kd jln llb df ;Lfi re e krpV lb kr g rOm paM l ku/kl jxv ikv s w s s \ X s T s s s 4g hrkg <jkd kd sukt y ji BkpM kd jln kt ]g T s s a s s w s , krxy ujd kn,i jgy hlS go kr g krOm ji BkpM jrhH henkv Bkd ct s X s s , a s
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044 fo 382 egaP

4kxLi Cgu hH kri kdikv kdlm ]kxs;kt kg l k;k s \ s s s N hdikv go udfsy 4kxsy[ jk} kd ;†kj d rfk' e uoht d kxky sl rqgc q s a X s X s ]hxkg <h{ kLhi jkv [n e uoht d kxky l rgc ]xOm kg lk;î Gjr hd s \ , q X s X s s q s X s s q z Hi <ki d kxsky l rgc ]xX;kt kv Gjr hd jnfe xke Sg dIH d kxky z s X s q s a Z q s s X s s q l rgc ]hxn kNcf yG ji r¬kj d uoht d kxky l rgc 4hxn jd rdfk X w s s s X s s q X s ykv kd kti >c l rgc jkv ]hxXxy suyG <jdf hH l ti7'kdi lm jkv s X qa s q s q , , X s qa z , 4sx;kt kg ti7'kdi dS hH ikv ] X s qa z hx;kt jH jrhH hu'kj go unf ltf jkv 4g krLi Cgu Bk[nf kd kxky yk s s , , \ s X s s o ugj e j/v ]e k;Ifk? eg kt ]g tjl go kgt ]jd k_k; ji kj['f u s X s s a X X s , w a X X m 4g 'kdi kd Hi kgt ]ji k;bkpM um ]e k;bkjgx um X;kt Om paM ; , z q z a X a X X s s 4g krkg Cgu <k , s ;¥d Bkd lub 4g rjd <k;¥dv xky jkl ; ]g rjd <k;¥d eg ]g srgd s s T s s s s T s T xky urtf jkv 4g kvg Cgu lum 6g kvg l k;kN hdum knl go ]g kvg s s , , q s , q s , q <k;¥d hH l kxky surtf e rxt lb udfy 4Cgu kri >e kd hukgd lb s X s X s s q 4hg j hrjd Nhi k;kN kr go 4kvg Cgu Nd hHd l jhdG lm dfk;D ]kyp Cg s s q q s X u kri hHd kd jhdG lm udfy 2g hrkt Li k;kN hdlm kgt ]g hrgd h s s , \ a , ukgd ]g rkt yef ukd kd jgc ]g hrkt kg [kv kd /v 4g krkt kg F¬o T s s s , s a s s a , s ¬ go ]g hrkt Li k;kN ji jkehc 4g rkt jg o ]g rkg /ki Sg ;k>e 4g , \ T s s s , s s s , q s Z q T hrkt y[f k;yfd ]g rOm ew> l krUlzi yG kgo ]g hrkt Li kgt k;kN a T s s w a , \ a hdlm jkv g kryduf l kgt jhdG go df g hrgd hukgd 4kgj krkg g; , , s a , s 2yp u hH kri Bkd >qe ]y jd k;kN kr 4k;nf jd g s s s s s ; sue ]k[n df kx;kt kv jkdgv g; dfk;D ]g krdl kg ukldu hH >e T s s s a X , s q s q s s kr ;kt yp kri >e 4k;x kg <k;¥d kdldf df yp u kri >e kr kg hr s q s s s q s s Li sNhi k;kN ct hje df gj uk;÷ kurb udfy ]g dhO kr g; ]kgd ulm \ s s s , s s 4s;kt kg <k;¥d kd s um ];kt Li ji utf k;kN hjkgér ]kyduf l kgt er df kgd u kvkrosn s \ q s s a q s X 4;kojd re l>e g; X s q 4g uOfd jkv jd‘n rgc ekd g; ]Cgu 4kxMkt utk[ <k;¥d kdldf e k , , q q a s s T s r krLi Cgu Bk[nf kjln Bkd >e udfy ]g dhO kr go ]kgd u jhdG lm \ w s s q s , s s 4g krdl kg <k;¥d kd jln kgt ]kg , s s w a s s ;x kv gxt lm er dfk;D ]kxdl kg ler ekd g; ]Cgu ]kgd u kvkrosn q X s s s q s X 4kxdl kg Cgu s s s q l>e ekd g; ]g k;nf jd <k;¥dv rgc Xe k;ufn ukgüm 4g krukt rfkH , q q s X wa a 7hyH e kd kxky yko ujd <k;¥d d kjln ]kujd ke{ ]kgd u jhdG lm T s X s s s s X w s
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044 fo 482 egaP

hd phc Glf ]g hrLi Bk[nf Cgu uhr k;Lf[i cr ]g kryp tr k[i 4g h Z T \ a \q a , s a T rLi Bk[nf k;Lf[i uhr kr ]g kvg kdQ k[i 4g k;Lf[i uhr Xelb ]g k[ \ a \q a s , q a T a \q a , i dS 4l rfxzohr hd ktM g krLi Bk[nf Fkni `g krLi ld Bk[nf Fkni a s Z , \ Z , \ s , Z 4g <d d rDf' ] T s g <d d ktM yod <keji jkv g gxl kd Xkv<keji Fkni 4g Cgu ZFkni T s Z s q , , z a q Z , <v jkv ]g Lkt kd kv<v Fkni 4g Cgu Fkni 6g rDf' ]g ñtuS ]g ktM q , , s\ X q Z , Z , , , Z Nd kgo ]kyp kri kr k;x kLkr Fkni jkv h;x hd tk[ hjgx l,t udfy q a s s\ Z , s s s 2y;jfhIe dS ]Fkni dS ]uilkO dS3g krLi Bk[nf Xe , Z s , \ g kt e okyG lb ]g okyG kt Gjr kjkp g; 2jF®i g; ]hoƒi g; 6tjwl s X , , , s X 1 ]'kdkv ]{o g;3rxt kd jgkc g kgj Li Bk[nf kt eg 4g Cgu hlo ] 1 , \ s X , , g hrLi Bk[nf hlt jkohn hH jGf ]g krkt II jWt jlf `kg krkt II jl , \ , , w s w f lltf ]uke u ;®l kd jkohn lb 4g krkt II jlf kr jd ''fkd hd uy s X s , w s X s s duf l jkohn 4g hrxy Ikp kr g krjxf ji ji Fkni `uke eg ld udfy s , s s , , Z X s , s 2g ;®lv hH , l ]kukg kdlm ]uilkO kdlm3Fkni 2g Cgu ;®l ydycf go ]g krLi Bk[ s s Z , q , \ nf kt df g krgd ukKof cv `g krdl kg ld ;®l go ]krLi Cgu Bk[n s , , s s , \ f kt 2g ;®l kr hgo ]g krLi Bk[nf kt ]g rgd eg l dk' jkv 4g ;®l s , s , \ s T s s , , , kr hgo ]g krLi Bk[nf kt 4g ;®l kr hg ZFkni 2k;ke jkv Fkni 4hxkg B s , \ s , s , Z s q w g eyke rkc ;≈k; hlg cr ]g k;ke Fkni ]kF kgd u kxky Nd ygi rqgc s a , Z s X s q s 4,g Cg u Fkni3Cgu hg g jIe df g krgd ukKof kr cv 4g eH jF®i udfy 4Xe Z , , , s , z s {i d jF®i g hn n yhyn hLc rgc ulm df kxkg kpkl u ulüŒkt n;k' s , s \ q s s s s `g krgc u[ jk , w , v hxy Ikp lltf ]g eH jF®i g; ]kgd su ulükt 2g kxy ugc u[ ]g B s s , z Œ , s w , x xy Ikp rgc 2g k;x Oc jdLdi ji ydc 4k;nf dIi ji ji d ydc s q , , \ , s Z , s s Z jdkOm jF®i su ulükt kr 4g eH cl ]g krLi Bk[nf hH kt jgkc ]kF krg Œ s , z , \ s d ydc jkv 4kF kyduf ue? Fkl d sydc ]ulükt djkpof kLc rgc dS s Z , s w s Z Œ \ q `g lkO kurdf Fkni 4g krkg eyke lkO rgc 4kg u Fkni d , s Z , s w s q s Z f g krdl kg hH klS df krkv Cgu hH e yk;[ jkv g krLi Bk[nf Fkni , s s X , , \ Z 2g jkN kn d eH hg dS so3g rje hg Fkl jkv g rht hg Fkl d T s s s z T s , T s S eH kukn 4g jrhH eH dS ]g jgkc eH dS 4g kd jkdgv eH kjlwn j z X s , z , z , a z kv g kd Fkni kr eH dS 2g rkg ewyke ;®l hg kukn 4g eH kn Xe uoht , , Z s z T s s X s T z s 4g h;x kg hjWt kuikF¬Auqi h , s dlm ]kryp Cgu kri Bkd kdlm ]g hrkt kg tgl kt ]kol urpv go li s , s s s s ko jGf 4g kgj kg rgfv rgc l cr ]g Bg W' kol urpl e k;ufn slct , s q s , q q s s X q
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044 fo 582 egaP

]hx[nf Cgu yk'e 2g kgj uc R1o dS jkv g hgj e? yk'e dS Glf 2hH s , , , w Z Cgd Cgu g kt ]kj? ykx kd u≈fv dS kxsxy uLi Bk[nf 4kx;kt uc yd , s s s s \ s Z fl j;kG dS kr ;ke? kd yk'e l htr jkv y kyt yk'e dS Bskd slt s s q s s s , s , 4g 9e8 df g krxy g; ]g kr wa T , , kg kni d' g; <jkd d rfx hdlb 4g gj e? l htsr jkv g gj kg sØdb s , s T s w s , T s s <d d oHquv ; 4<d d oHquv ]<d d 0fc g <keji d 9e8 lo ]g < s s s s q T q s T s , T q keji d Fkni lt 4oHquv cl g <keji d e 4g eH dS hH 9e8 df kxy s Z s , T q s T , z T s p kri lm kr ukt kd kv<keji d 9e8 jkv jd 'oi jrhH d 9e8 rDf; s s s s X q s T , s s z s T ø Bkd jxv hg lsS 4g Cgu Fkni ]kgd ulm jkv jrhH d Fkni3k;df 'o s s , Z s , s Z s i jrhH d <keji u dufkKo l,t ]jd 'soi eg jxv hH jrhH d 9e8 lb z s q s , s X z s T 4k;x Ief cl jGf kr g Cgu hg e jxv3g Cgu e 4g xk;® kjse s wa T wa T , ]g ukK kje ]g ukeél kje ]g uke kje ]g kO‘rfi hje3g e `g rjtx j , s , s , s , z s wa T T s q i ldf oHquv kjkp ; `g krkg ji ldf `g krkg kgd cl g; kr g Cgu Te X s , s , s a s wa jxv jGf 2g krkg F¬o¬ hHd ]g krLi jkehc hHd e `g Cgu ukot tkv wa s wa \ T wa T e `kvg Cgu kLc `hy Cgu k{'f ue `kF Cgu kpπc e `kvg Cgu eüt kj q \ s T T q se `g kO> ld 9e8 g; udfsy ]g <eHjfi kd ktM Fkni ]xgd ikv udfy , w s , T , z Z Z s X s 2g eH endS hH 9e8 g; ]g k;ke end , z T , S hH 9e8 g; 4g kO> ydycf ]9g e8 g; 4g 9e8 df g krLi Bk[nf jrhH T , w q wa T , T , \ jkdgv kd 9e8 Cg; 4g jrhH jkN kd eH hlb kjln jkv g jgkc eH dS a T , s z w , , z 4g ezH ydycf Fkni cl 4g Cgu lkO thp Bkd 4thp T q Z , s s X g hrLi Bk[nf lkO Syflb 4g Ldl rfi yhe jktg hlk;Nf [ky dS rfx T \ s , X s z hd sue? d /fjfi jkv 4hd ue? g /fjfi hdum hIkN hurb ]g <keji I w s , s w , s T q s s s kN urb 4xX;kt kg L[ /hl q<keji [ky dS e BkIke hd ykc dS kr Xjd s s s \ s X s s kL[ kd kv<keji jkudf d ykc uiv eg jxv df g IkN urb <v jkv \ s X q s s s T s s s q , 2sl rfx hd Ldl rfi yhe jktg hlk;Nf [ky dS xkg ry kxy jdDp urdf X s z s X s s s e Ldl dS o ]g re? l rfx hlm e gxt hl7hIkN <v kt jkv 4hd k< X X s s T s w s X s q s , X jdf hd tjl g rfx h/hl hd yhe jktg hlk;Nf [ky dS e Ldl dS 4g w , X X s T hryp yhe jktg hlk;Nf [ky dS e Ldl dS <jdf hd tjl 2g rfx h X X s X w , d k<jdf hd tjl hurtf hg hurm ]g zohr rgc rfx hdum ]g gj e? sl h X w , q T s w tr hurb so 2g hrkt kg lkO gxt hyk[ 4hrLi Cgu Bk[nf gxt hyk[ hd s , s s \ phc dum 4g kgj kg kni eH kd ukg lkO <jkd d ue? l rfx ohr dum s , s , z s s s s s w s z s df g gj e? l rfx ohr hurb so ]g q<v kt d ktM ]g <v kt d Fkni T s w s z T s s Z T q s s Z 2rfx zohr3hxs;kt kg nc hu[nf gxt hyk[ hd phc 2g Cgu df kt ]g s a , s , kgj e? kj? ykx dS kd kuhr df kxsLi Bk[nf eg kr k[i yp tr rqgc w s s X \ X s a s s jxv 4g krskg ewyke Ro kvg kre? kji jGf ]g hrLi Bk[nf gxt hyk[ , 1 q w w , \
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4O> g g; ];®lv g g; dfk;D 6rdl w , , X s ki Cgu 'oi e ;®l eg dr cr ]g ji Rpf dr ct ]>kc kd jkdgv g; s z X , s a 4>kc kd 9jkdgv8 ]>kc kd 9e83>kc erf s a s T s v jkv 4>kc kd ;‘ofH jkv >kc kd rhrv3likv hd rkc hd k>kc kn uTe a , s , s s X s s s 4g d/fkol jiM jkeg >kc kd 9e8 lkO hlb jkv 4g krkt , Z s s T s , , s kg lkO ]g krkt kg kL[ ]g krkt kg rHhti jh/7jh/ eH kd ;®lv dS j s , s \ , s w qa s s z kv 4g kryp jH uoht jdy l uipc <keuf g; udfy ]g Cgu hH Cgd Te , , s s Z s wa 2g kgj kg [n >e ]g hrgd k"kH 2g hrn Ls\kr e l¬gf kn k"kH , s q s q , , s X s s udfy 4g ;ƒr hg; ]g kgj kg [n 4g kgj kg [n ZGlf kr x[n l jkx rg s , , s q , s q s s X s s , q c eg jxv 2g kgj kg [n >e ]g hrgd go 2g hrn jd e kn k"kH udfy , s q s q , , s X s s 4kF lk;î hg e 4F Cgu thp kn lk;î jkv e rDo T s X s , T s rxy lk;î jkv 4hxy lk;î df g g; rkc pl 4hxy lk;î >qe ]g rgd eg , , s T s 2k;x e df ,g hr T gd k"kH hjkeg udfsy 4g eku kn d thp hg dS kukt jkv e 4g k;x Cgu T s s , T wa e ]g kvg kukt ]sx;ki kr sxjd 'soi jrhH jxv 4k;x e df g rgd ikv T , q X s X z T T s 4g xyv C , gd kudep jkv g xyv Cgd hytcf df g Cgu thp kn 4g eku kn d thp , , T X s T s s hg dS hytcf jkv kudep 4g rgd hytcf eg hg kd hlm ]g hdep ct , T s s , 4hdep Cgu hHd hytcf 4g hytcf eku kd udep 4g ryx g; hdep hyt , s , cf ]kxgd dufkKo 4hdep kt ]g hytcf ]g rgd eg 4hdep hytcf 2g th s , s , T s , p xyv Bkd kudep jkv g thp xyv Bkd hytcf df g hrkg kni yH hl s , , s , s , w S l k"kH 2hdep hytcf e 'kdkv ]g rgd eg 4g rkH k"kH hjkl hjkeg s s X T s , az 4CI? SkuI? df kxyp kri kr jd 'oi jrhH d oHuv dS7dS eg udfy a s s X s z s q s 2k;x 9e8 ]kvg F¬o¬ 9e8 ]hxy [H 9>e8 ]kvg jkehc 9e8 df g rLkt Fkl d T q T w s q q T T s s\ s kuI? d;®i eg udfy 4Bkv hjkehc 4Bg k;∂f hd ukg L\c ]Sg sLc 2kvg s z s q s s s q \ q kLc e ]g rgd ikv udfsy 4Sg sLc ikv 4kvg eüt `kvg cd eüt kdikv \ T T s q \ q q `kdikv k; kje3g kvg eüt 4kvg Cgu eüt kje df g g; rkc pl udfy s , q q s , s 2kvg eüt kje ]g rgd e q s T s g Syflb ]g krxy 9g e8 g; 29g e8 df g krxy jkv g krkg kni ydfl , wa T wa T , , , s , Z 7kxB ]g krkg kni Ro dS ]g krkg kni ydfl dS <jkd d k<d Sqg srew? s , s , 1 , s , Z s X s l htr ub df g gj e? l htr hurb <d dlm ]g dp kg kt <d d r s T s w s s s T s q s s s fe¬ ]<d d oHquv dlm ]kxsyp kri kr kxjd 'oi jrhH rDf;ø Bkd ct 1 s s s s s z s 4g hrew? , sl htr yk'e dS Glf ]kF Cgu R1o7u≈fv go ]kF kO> ydfl j;kG go ]kF s Z w Z kOw> Ro3kxLi Cgu Bk[nf kr s;kt >c yk'e 2kxLi Bk[nf Ro dS Glf 1 s \ s q s \ 1 Z
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044 fo 782 egaP

hurdf jkv 4g dp uc henkv /ki jkc hurdf jkv ]ikv g dp uc /ki , T s q s , , T s q s , jkc hurdf 4g rkt uc hÈef hgo jGf ]g rht l hÈef hlm 4g rkt kg kno T s T s s T s s f e hÈef hlm ]g rkg kni e hÈef hlm `g ld xyv7xyv ikv jkv hÈef X T s s , X T s , , 2sx;kt yef e hÈef jkv x;kt jxf jGf ikv yd X X , s X jkv 4g kgj n <"ki kdikv gsx hgo jGf 4g hgj jd kni kdikv Gjr dS , , s s s wa , , s jkv g hgj jd kni gx Gjr dS k;∂fi hd uoht hgo 4g l¬gf d k;∂fzi h , , , wa s z T s s Lc hd uoht hlm k; `jrhH k; g jgkc dikv /ki kr 4xX;kt kg knof <{ \ T s s , s s s hlb ikv `sx;ht hH <{ dS ikv ]n jd nc kukuc utkH /ki jkl jxv X X a s s , s 4kxuc lke kdikv ]kxuc hÒg hdikv ]kxuc u[ kdik s a s s w v ]kx;kt jrhH dikv gx g; cv 4g krdl uc kl¬gf kd jhj' dikv gx s s wa s , s wa s kjk} d k;∂fi cv df g h;x kg k;∂fi hjkl go e gx lm 4g hy hi <j s z , s z X wa s T X df hd tjl u gsx lm 4u gsx lm g kpC[ l hÈef cl go 4g rkt xy gx w s wa s wa , s T s wa s jktg gxt hd gsx dS ]g krkg kLc k/ki 4g krk[ hÈef gx 4g rn kc gx wa , s \ , , wa s T s s s wa s udfy ]g rdl k[ Cgu hÈef ikv 4g gj jd jk;r utkH Syf dikv rDo s T s T s , s s s w 1 s X ji {o 4l k{1o `;kv y l kgd utkH 4l k{o `s;kv y l kgd ikv gx s s s a s s X 1 s s a wa s ]k;df yk;[ uikv hHd udfy 4g pl g; ]g gj Li Bk[nf 4g gj Li Bk s s , T s \ T s \ [nf jgkc {o 4g jgkc l eg {o df xgd eg `jrhH df g jgkc {o g; 1 , s 1 s X , 1 `kF jrhH k; k F jgkc tjl jGf kr 4sx;kt >c Cg; cl eg ];kt >c tjl jxv `kxaMkt w s X q s q w >c Cgu df kxMkt >c hH e kr ;kt >c tjl jxv 4g Cgu xyv sl>e q a q T s s q w , q go ]g kl¬gf kje tjl ]jrhH k; kg jgkc tjl 4g gj ht l hlb eg 4g h , s w s w T s s , gj yef rDo ji jrhH eg ñex hd tjl `jrhH k; g jgkc ler tjl g; s w X w , s q w 4g rl ]g Lkt kd jrhH jgkc lko , q s , s\ æ `g kgd lkoæ 4hH jrhH jkv g hrkt hH jgkc lkoæ `jgkc df g jrhH , a , , , lkoæ `g jgkc thp hH Bkd ]g jrhH thp hH Bkd `jrhH g k;D ]jgkc g , s , s , , k;D3[n l jkx rgc udfy 4g krkg rcte 9e8 lcl lm 2kvkt jrhH ]k X s s , q s , s w T s s s LkN jgkc g rgd eg 2g Nd cl jrhH ]g Cgu hH Nd jgkc ]g rgd eg s\ T s , q , q T s 2g jkv Nd jgkc ]g jkv Nd jrhH df g krxy , , q , , q , klsS e su[n jkeg udfsy 4g jgkc hgo ]g jrhH hgo 4g u'XIlDS d thp h X s s , , T s g dS ]g okyG d thp hg dS jrhH jkv jgkc 4g Cgu thp kn jrhH jkv T , s , T X s , jgkc 4jrhH jkv jgkc g hryG thp hg dS 4g jrhH jkv jgkc Nd df , , , , , q g Cgu Xthp kn hlsS 4g O> cl3kukn jrhH jkv jgkc df g g; Bkpπl jkv T s T w X s , , , 29g Cgu e8 jkv 29g e8 jrhH g krxy jkv ]g krkg rcte 9e8 hH jr wa T , wa T , , , s w T hH udfsy 2jrhH Sgfkp kugd 4g kgj kg rcte 9e8 go kr jrhH uiv xXj , s w T s s s d 'oi eg ct 2g LcLx k"kH hjkl hjkeg cv 4jd 'oi jrhH uiv hHd s z , \ \ X s z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 882 egaP

2kujd jk0m kje df g krgd hH rDH 2g rrfi e ]g s , wa T , uoki rrfi r 2g kyko uki k;n e ]g kyko ujd k;n joæB 2g xyv e d w wa s T , s wa T f g krgd go 2kujd k;n ji >e ]ukoxH g ]g krgd rDH 2g xyv Te ] , q s , wa g krgd hH rDH jkv 2g kvg kLkr xyv kd uiv l L[v lm ueg udfy , , , q s\ s s s a s s 4g uoht kØdb ]L[v g; jkv 4g L[v cl 4g , a , , a , Cgu L[7L[ g Fv kd joæB 4g Cgu dsuv Fv kd joæB 4g dS cl g ZF a a , Z , Z , , v kd joæB 4g Cgu Fv Bkd jkv kd joæB 4g krkt skg oHuv kd joæB u , Z s , , q nf hlm ]g k;∂fi hg dS uoht r¬el df g krkg eyke klS unf ltf jkv , z , s w s , 4h xkg eyke k;∂fi hg dS uoht r¬el kr sx>el3xukpgi ]x>el ]x[n sl s w z s X s X s X s X s j,kx 4g l¬gf d k;∂fi uoht hg dS kukn ]Cgu xyv7xyv kOxv kd ji j T s s z X s w a , kv [kv 4g dS cl jrhH 4krdl kg Cgu nukv uoht jGf 4kxs;kt uc gy , a , s a d dS o®rDf;ø kjkl 4kxs;kt kg I‘u e Z"?l jkv }}rv o®rDf;ø kjkl `h s X a , a d rDf;ø lm hxkg rfx k;D kr l ji sxy suLy Fkg ]l jlf xy uLy Ii ] s s s , \ s s s \ s s l Fkg xy uL\y [kv jkv 4g xyv e df ;kt kg kni yk;[ kd [kv hjse s s a , wa T s s , s a jkv 4g xyv e df ;kt kg kni yk;[ kd Fkg je jxv df >el hg klS , wa T s s , s s s X s 4g dS uoht Ikjof kjkl g; , `_' g ukd ]"?l g sl q , , Z a , ldf ]kuLy g lldf kr g xv dS kd k;∂fi uoht Ikjof hlb Te jxv ]g \ , s s wa a z wa Cgu xyv e df Skt kg rkK g; jxv 4g xyv e df g eH ydycf g; k T s wa T , z q d uL\y jkv 2g gj L\y Gjr kjkp ]g gj Ly lcl 2<{rfi g gj Ly eg s , T s X T s \ s z T s \ `kgd rfk' e }} ]kgd r a a X a a fk' e Z"?l dfk;D ]g >kc kLc lcl jiM d ;‘ue hg }}rv go 4kxgj hj a X a X , s \ s s q a s kt }}rv dS dr cr ]g xyv e ]g xyv {o dr ct 4kxgj hjkt "?al a wa T , 1 s Z dr cr ]g 9r8 r ]g 9e8 e dr ct 4g Cgu e kt ]llm kxgj "?al dS , w w wa T T wa T s s s Z dr cr dfk;D 4kxgj >kc dS dr cr ]dFi g e df g kruke e dr ct X s s 1 wa T wa T dfk;D 4hrdl kg Cgu rDfe l >kc dr cr ];kt Li u Bk[nf dr ct j X s q s s s \ kv 4g eH hg okH kd jrhH go 4g eH kje g; ]g hjWt kuLi Bk[nf g; , , z , z s , \ 4g jkN kn d jgy hd ktM7uoht hg dS e jkv r udfy T s s s Z T , w s 49r8 g rgd eg kr g hrkt Gjr hd jgkc ct jkv 9e8 g rgd eg kr g w T s s , , T T s s T hrkv jgy Gjr hd jrhH ct 4g jgy hd ktM7uoht hg dS jrhH jgkc , X Z 2g kgj , kt jgkc <{rfi go ]g jrhH kt 6g kgj kt jrhH <{rfi go ]g jgkc kt z , s , z , s `jrhH g k;D ]jgkc g k;D `xyv7xyv k; g l¬gf d { , , T s s o hg dS hldf ; 2g kdp uc k/ki jGf ]g kdp uc hÈef jGf henkv jkc 1 s , q , , q
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044 fo 982 egaP

ylv 2kxsyef hH ji ke®kv ]kxsyef hH ji ue ]kxyef hH ji jhj' 4Cgu s ]kxyef jRm gxt jg jkv `g ke®kv e ]skNi hH g; 4Cgu hg krNi go ]k s , wa T w w s t g krkt dQ 4kvkt dQ re Cg; udfy `g ue e ]kNi `g jhj' e ]kNwi , s s wa T s w wa T s 4g k;kv Cgu kdikv 4g kyef l ckrdf kdikv 4kF kye , s , s s f ltf ]kxkg ;®l Syf d hldf 4kxkg kO> Syf dikv jRm kvg k;kv sl c s s s s w s q krdf dfk;D ]g kyduf l ckrdf jRm jkv `g jhj' e df kNi jGf 4kvkt X , s , wa T s w s dQ re hn¥t kurb jGf ]kNi dr rv kr g k;df W' hg kuNi ct jkv s w a s , q w , `kg gj n jRm kdldf `kg gj Ni lldf 2g uiyxki k;D 2g s s s s s s w s , wa Cgu jhj' df g gj gd hg n[ jGf jkv e `g jhj' e df g gj Nwi l u T s q , T wa T T s s s iv jGf 2g ke®kv eg df g kri l ygi jRm 4g rjd xky defk/ hg slS T , s s T s s Z s 2g gj jd r<fx jGf ]g eyke l ygi jRm 2g k;D jRm ]g sr T s , w s s , T s y [n jdkOm ckrdf sygi d ujd r<fx 4g rjd ydu pπc df lt ]g e s X s s T s s s , , w yke l ygi jRm 4g kOw> kuNwi 2g sNhi krNi ]g eyke l ygi jRm 4g s s , , w , w s s , kvg kPi l ckrdf go ]Cgu krkv l Cgd jRm go 2g Cgu jhj' e df g j q \ s s wa T , k;r jRm kdlm jkv `g jhj' e ]g rNi d/kl 4g rNi d/kl ]xgd eg , , wa T T s w T s w s X `g jhj' e3g g; e df Ni gxt dS7dS jkv ` wa T wa T X w , 9g e8 df Xtk[ jkv ;kt `9g e8 tk[ djd 'oi Xelm ]kd jgkc g jkN k wa T s , X wa T X s s s z , s s t g; jrhH 2g xyv e jkv g xyv kjln df g e;kd ezH dyfke kt go wa T , , w , , s `g; g gj jd lldf dfXk;D ]g krPe jhHx dS kupv T s s , w\ a Z hjkl ]kti hjkl ]kuFki hjkl 2g Sg [j jlf hg uiv ji ji hg uiv 2g S w Z z T q s s , s T g Lkt ji jlf hg uiv kd Fkg hg uiv jGf 2kuFki g hujd kr Nd jGf q s s\ s s s Z z , s q 4g krkt kg dS cl cr jkv 4g Cgu e df g g; kuukt , s , wa T , kd e/ ]ukK kd e/ 4g jkv Bkd df klsS krukt Cgu ]kruke Cgu e/ ]Cgu Z Z , , s Z 2kxMki a kd ukoxH e jkv g e df g kvg ;Z<uf g; e ''fkd hd uki kd ukoxH s T , wa T , q X s s s df g Syflb eH 4g eH ''fkd hd uki kd ukoxH 2g kgj jd ''fkd h , z , z s s s wa s d uki kd ukoxH 2g xyv ukoxH df g krgd hH rDH udfy 4kd rDf' s s , , s uoht hg dS ]kd ktM hg dS g jkr¬of uhgrav dS uoht 4g Cgu hH Bkd Z , , s `kjln kgo g ukd ` w a , , kg gj dI jlf jdLkt Fkg e k<jp dldf `kuFki kg gj jd lldf 4kd s s s s\ X X s Z z s s s s s uiv g k;yf Lkr ueg kgo 4g k;x kg W' o–im cl Cgo ]g kjln kgt jk , s\ s a , s q , w a , v 4g kjln Bkd df g cyre kd suLkt Fkg `kg gj Lkt Fkg dldf 4,g Cg , w s , s\ s s s\ s u kri Bkd kd joæB kd rDH hldf 4g dr¬fku rDH jkl ]g krgd e jkv s s T s wa T , 2uekl dldf3g L[ Lkt Fkg rDH jkl udfy 4g kyko uy hg s s T s \ s\ s s , s s kyko un 4g kyko uki hg kyko uxke dfk;D 4kd uul g Cgu hH Bkd kgo s s , s s a X s s q , s a 4kg hgo ]kg gj xke [hH lltf er `kg gj xke lldf `kg gj gd slldf s s s a s q s s a s s s
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044 fo 092 egaP

kt kg kLc hH l uLkN go 4g jk;'fkg rgc 9e8 go udfy 4kn Ls\kN u/ ]k s \ s s s\ , s q T s s s n LkN ni ]g rgd eg jkv 2g krkg kLc jdy kjkgl kd ni Lc jkv u/ s\ T s , , s \ s s \ , s \ , Lc 2g krkt kg kLc jdsy kjkgl kd r“r Lc 4g dufi¥kd ydycf 9e8 go s \ s s \ , q T 2g krkt kg kLc 9e8 l uOc ji r“r Lc udfy `kxkg kry , s \ T s s , s \ s s ef [l kl7u,kd l uOc ji r“r Lc 4g hrkg Cgu l ñld Ghydr 2k;x skg q s s , s \ , s s q kIkN 9e8 ]jrm sphu l ñld 4g 9e8 kLc dS lki dikv kr g jkol ji ñ s T X s q , T \ s s T ld hLc dS ikv jxv 4g hrkg l sukt kg IkN d 9Te8 Ghydr ]hrkg Cgu q \ , s s s s s s s Ghydr l ukde IkN 4kxs;kt kg kIkN 9e8 ]g ukde kIkN 4kxkg 9e8 kLc s s s s s T , s s T \ dS lki dikv e rkiquv hlm kr g ukde kLc dS lki dikv 2g kte kd s X s , \ s , ujd rcte kd 9e8 dlm go ]g kte kt kdlb ]g Nd lki je 4g Cgu s w s T s , s , q s s , kte Bkd jkv g kte kd ukg rcte d 9e8 go ]g krkv kte kt e u/ j s , , s s w s T , s X , kv 4g Cgu Rfil hylv u/ ]g 9e8 Rfil hylv ]g rkc hd te L\c udfy , a , T a , s s s 2kxpc 9e839e8 2kxWd oHuv kd wa T T a q s {ke ]kd naukv 9e8 2kxgj e {ke 9e8 2kx[j 9e8 kd Te 2kxLkN Cgu kd s s T wa X s T wa T s wa s s 9e8 e df g krgd g; go udfsy 4kxMkt je ]kxn LkN e jkll ]g krgd T T , a wa s\ T a , go 4kxn LkN e pπc7hu®i ]g krgd go 4kxn LkN e u/ ]g krgd go 2g wa s\ T s , wa s\ T , , Cgu htkj kd uLkN kd 9e8 udfy ]hnkoe®kv g krkt kg htkj kd uLkN cl s s s\ s T s , s s s s\ 2kxgj 9e8 hH e {ke wa T X s df g krgd go jkv 2Sgfkp {ke >e df g krgd go 2g xyv e df g e , , s s q , wa T , ;kd hdlm Ytf g; jkv 49g e8 ]g krgd hnkoe®kv dfk;D 4g Cgu hnkoe® , wa T , X , keji hH go ]g rgd hnkoe®kv eg kdltf go 4g e df g kgj yp jduke T s s wa T , g; go dfk;D ]krki ukt Cgu hHd kd ke®keji go ]g ke®kv e ]g krgd X s wa T , s kt udfy 4g ke®keji eku kd hlm ]g ;®l eku hg kdlm 4g hgo3kxyp s , , , s kri kdltf cr jkv 4Cgu hg g e yp kri e j[fkv jkv `g ukd e ]kNwi , wa T s X , wa , T s 2g , krkt yef cl ]g kryef Cgu kr e kgo ]g krkt kg rk' e kgt udfy 4kx , s T a , s a T a s ;kt kg rk' hH okH kd e jkv hx;kt kg rk' ri cl Arrv 4kxyef Cgu s s a T , X s a ˜ a s hH Cgd 9e8 jkv hxsyef ri hg ri kr ;kt kyp krtk[ Bkd jxv hg slS T , Z Z s s s s s 4hF ri hg ri cl ]Cgu hg ,g tk; Z Z î kxsyp kri jkv kxyef ;üw' e j[fkv `kxyef k;D e j[fkv 4;kt kyp k , s X s X s rdG kd ri dS7dS jkv ;kt kyp krtk[ jkv ]tk;î jkv ]tk;î jkv 4g X s Z , s s , , , , Cgu tk;î ri hjln 4y ykduf ri hjln ]n dG 4g Cgu tk;î kr ri g; ` Z w s Z w s X , s Z g kgd tk;î cv ]sNi 4y ykduf ri dS ]jd W' kujhp kd tk;î Bskd slt , a w s Z s q s , 4g Cgu e ]g cl 4Cgu hg g e df kxyp kri A wa T T wa T s rrv 4Cgu hg kxyef jRm 4Cgu g e df sxkvki e rav jkv kvkt syp srtk a s wa T s X , s s [ ]kvkt yp rNi 4g Cgu e g;3kxsyef jRm hgo ]g rdl Ni eg kt Xe s s s w wa T T s w s
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044 fo 192 egaP

Fi kd uoht k;D `g krdl kt k;ht hH <{ dS jdkg dFi k;D `g dF 1 , s 1 wa 1 T i e k;D `g xyv e k;D 4g k;D ;®l df g kuukt Glf ]g Cgu kukg >qe wa T , , Z , s s 4g e ;edS jkv g dS Fkl dcl , T , , s 9e8 4h;x gj kRl hd zxel ]kgj Cgu 9e8 4uoht7e®keji g Fv kd rDfqe T T , Z 4g krgj kpc Cgu 9e8 Bkd e rDfe 4k;x kr 9e8 ]kj , T s X q s T e kr 9e8 df cyre l sukg rDe 4kxMkt kg rDe e df hrkg Cgu rDfe B s T s s q a s q T s q kd hd 9e8 4g {ke eku kd rDfe l 9e8 ]Cgu {ke hH Bkd kd 9e8 4g {k s T , s q s T s s T , s e unf lm ]g krkt IN 9e8 unf ltf jkv 4g krIN Nd unf hlm ]g krkt , w T , , w q , IN 9e8 unf ltf 4krIwN Cgu Nd dr cr ]g 9e8 dr ct ]Cgu 4g hryp w T q , T , kI‘p hd ukpc kd hlm ]g dekH knk;† lcl kt 4g rkc rHnv rgc g; s s s , z s s , q q 2kxgj e ]kx;kt IwN cl 2kxgj kr e udfy ]xX;kt IN <ki 2kxgj wa T s wa s T s s w z wa e iW 0' ]kxgj kr 9e8 ]g krgd go 2krLkN Cgu hH kyko ujd tk[ hd X q wa s T , s\ s s {ke kr go udfy 4g kd uLkN 9e8 ykol 4kd uLkN ni u ]kd uLs\kN u s s s , s s\ T s s\ s kde u 6g ykol kd suLkN u/ u3g kd suLkN d 9Te8 ykol 4g 9e8 hylv , s\ , s\ s , T udfsy ]kd suLkN g Cgu hH Nd lki dltf ]g k;x pc 9e8 0' lki dlt s s\ , q s , T q s f 4suhN df Cgu hg g Nd lki dlm 4g krdl uhN Cgu Nd Bkd l hlk;üal , q s , q s s 4g krkt kg LcLx cl ]s;kt kv e†uf; , s \ \ q éd 4g krkt kg LcL\x kjkl ]s;kt ync jkdjl 4g krkt kyp hjkp u/ 4Cgu , s \ , s jkl Bkd elb 2g Li e uiyxki d kgd eg df g krkt kv e >el 2g s X T s \ X s a , X , krkt kg Wq' kukg hlk;ül hH go kr g hrII h>elku ct hd F¬gx Syflb s s a s , w 1 4g hjkdgv jkn>el hlk;ül ]g hjkdgv >elku F¬gx , a a , a 1 2;nf LkN hH Lid ue ]g krgd go3k s s\ s \ s T , ;x kg rcte j,kv 9e8 go cv 2s;x kg rDe hH jkv eg 2gj Cgu cv hH s w T s q , s s \ Lid ]hIef I>a> g; kyp 4;df xk;® hH Lid ue ]kxgd go skr xkvkt y s s s \ s T s s s s jduhN Lid llm ikv jxv `kxs;bkjp ld ikv kd 9e8 dlm 4krdl Cg s \ s q s , s T s u kjp Bkd kdltf ]g kgj jd rwcte 9e8 klS go 4g dkykp knk;† ],g xu q s s , T s , Vd knk;† ]g jk;'fkg hlk;ül 4g >elku F¬gx ]g hrkg hjkp hd jkdgv d , s a , 1 , s s a s F¬g1x 2hrkg Cgu hjkp hd jH jkdgv d hlk;ül 4g jk;'fkg rgc hlk;üal s s a s a T s q 4g hrkt II ]g h , w , rkt hLkr hjktrf hd gky 4Sgfkp hukuc hjktrf hd xk;® kr ]kg kukuc rc s\ s s s s s s w te hjktrf jxv Syflb 4krdl kjp Cgu Bkd kd xk;® udfy ]g rdl kj s q s s s T s p hH jkp kd u/ 4g krkt kg rcte jkv ]Cgu krje 9e8 l uLkN u/ df q s s , s w , T s s s\ X k;D ]g uklkv kuLkN u/ Syflb 2g krkt kg kL[ e kiW k; kjgp ;u jG , s\ , s \ X X X s s f go 2k;nf LkN cl 9ue8 ]g krgd 9e8 go udfy 2k;nf LkN ni 9uTe8 ]h s\ s T , T s s\ s n jke rky kd hI¬ufef 9ue8 k[sn 2k;nf LkN u/ 9ue8 ]g krgd go 2g kr s ≠ s T s s\ s T , ,
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rkc hg dS kukn ; 4g hg e ]g Cgu hH Nd ]gd g; gkp jkv 4g cl ]g C X X s s wa T , q X s , , wa gu e ]gd g; gkp 4g Fv hg dS kd krkc kukn ub 49g Cgu e8 ]kxsLi Bk T X s , Z X X s wa T \ [nf jkv 4hx;kt kg rfk∂ dS unf hlm ]9g Cgu e8 ]kxLi Bk[nf unf ltf , s s a wa T s \ 4g e hH go ]g wa T , kgj jd ei kt go jkv 4g e hH go ]g kgj jd ei e kdltf go 2g kgj zs s , wa T wa zs T s wa ul hg e l ukd jln ]g kgj ykc hg e 4g hg e hH go ]g kgj ul kt q T s s s s w wa s T wa T wa q s go jkv g kgj ykc hg e 4g kgj dk> hg e hH lum ]g hgj Li Bk[nf [ , wa s T wa a T s T \ X kv hjln uekl kt go 4g e hH kjkr g; ]g e hH nkp g; ]g e hH jhj' a w s s wa T wa T a wa T g; ]g e hH {o g; ]kxLi Bk[nf cr jkv 4uni¬ dS kd uoht jkv uoh wa T 1 s \ , a , t kx;kt gj "' cr 4jkr¬of ruv kx;kt gj "' cr 4g jRm go u ]g u s s a s s , , æi go u 4uke rauv kx;kt gj "s' cr ]rfk' ruv dS hxs;kt gj "' cr z , s a a s 4kx;kt k[ hH 9e8 hg Fkl ]hx;kt k[ h s s T s s H Rf1o hd suNi ]kxs;kt k[ hH jRm 2kyef Cgu hH jRm jkv 4e g k;D d w s , T wa f kpc Cgu Nd kd uNi kr cv df kxyp kri df hxs;kv hL? go rNi7sr q s s w s s \ s w Ni jkv 4sxkg Cgu eg hgo `e g g; ]g rdl Ni eg hH kdltf e ylv w , X T wa T s w s X `e g ke®kv 4;yfp rNi ];yfp rNi 4g kgj ukt hH kd ue `e g ue T wa s s w s s w wa s T wa 4g kgj ukt hH kd kjkpof `e g jkpof3Ni jkv kr jGf 4g kyko uukt wa s X T wa X w , s wa s e ]g krdl kg Cgu e hgo ]g kgj ukt e kdltf 4g krukt e kd jhj' ]g T wa s T wa T s wa T s wa krukpgi e kd jhj' dfk;D ]g krdl kg Cgu e jhj' `e g jhj' 4g kr T s X wa s T T wa wa ukpgi ]g kgj ukt kd Fkg kr e dfk;D ]krdl kg Cgu e Fkg 4krdl kg wa s s T X s T s Cgu e g; df kxyp kri ujkG jkv `e g g; df Sgfkp <"oüv3Ni Glf T s , , T wa s X w Z 4kxs;kt kg ZF;ø kr s s g kvg k[hl jRm 2g ke®keji udfy ]g Cgu kr ke®kv 2g ke®kv udfy ] , q wa s wa s wa s wag Cgu kr jhj' 2kg3kx;kv jRm kr k;yf [hl jRm l ckrdf jxv udfy s a s s s s 4Cgu hH g; ]Cgu ]Cgu3kx;kv jRm dS jkv 4Cgu ]kxs;kv jRm jkv s , , `e g g;3;kt yp rNi `e g kgd ]jkdgv g kgd3Gjr hd jrhH g k[ T wa X s s w T , a a , a , n jdOc e rkdS Cgd `Cgu kr eH g; df g hjWt hujd tk[ hd jkdagv s , X a s z , s 4rD;l g uoht 2dFi jkv xyv 9g e8 df g rgd eg hH jGf q a , 1 , wa T T s udfsy 4g Sg Lt eg dfct 29g e8 ]g rgd jkv 2g s;x kg L[ xyv7xy T q s q\ wa T T s , T s s \ v cl eg e jkdgv jkv 2g kvg k;kuc ylîd kd jkdgv ucl eg udfy X a , , q w , a s s 4krdl kg Cgu ]kxkg Cgu go `kgo g krd s s a , l kg hH <{ dS 4kgo g krdl Cgu ht hH <{ dS go 4l k;ufn kgj Cgu s a , s q /cl kdlm 4g k;nf jd nc e cçLf ;ü' dS ueg kd rDf;ø dS df pkl a a , a X s w s s X s 4g /clrv Ikjof uoht 4g /clrv uoht , a a , a a `kx;ht hH <{ dS `kx;ht go ]n Lkr s s X s\ l Gjr cl ]n jd nc e ylîd eg kd rDf;ø dS k;D `g oHl kukg d s X a X w , s , a s
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[yf ekj7ekj kgo jdOc henkv jg jkv 4g dr¬i kjktg elm 4g ekd hg a , , T X q X X , dS e jnfe lm 4jnfe ekj3g kvg kuc jnfae dS kgo 4k;x e okx dS Te X a a , q a X a 2Cn jH ckrdf kjktg jd[ X X yf ekj7ekj ue 2g kdp jG kyke [ky dS 2hd ikt hurb ue ];df lko s T wa q s s T s im surb ue ]g krgd jkv g krkv e jktkc e nkc d lkoim j,kv 4g krj s T , , , X T s wa d lkoim e jkv 4kxWd lkoim e cv 2rkc hNπv3g krgd 9e8 go jkv T , a T , T , 2sxkvkt kg rDe jkv kjd ir ]kjd it3g rgd o ]g xky yko ukrc jkv s s q , s s T s s T s s s , `Mkt kg ld r a s s , De e ]g rNi eg jkv 2g u/c hg e ]g I‘d hg e ]g }} hg e ]g rk'v q T T s w , wa a T wa T wa a T wa a hg e jkv 2Mkt kg rk' ld e ]Cgu cyre Bkd eg l k;ufn ]g rgd e T , a s a s , T s X s q T s g 2g sLi e sujd rk' kd 9e8 cl eg udfy 4krdl kg Cgu rk' hHd 9Te8 T \ X a s T s s a 4kxkg ;ƒ¬ko¬ ]kukg u kd jld ]krdl kg Cg s s T s u F¬o¬ jld 4kxs;kt kv ;ƒ¬ko¬ kr gj u r ]krkg Cgu F¬o¬ Bkd 4g hjkeh T s s w s s , c kr hg hurb ]sxgd llm eg kr ]Mkt kg ld F¬o¬ e df Ni likv jkv s X s s a s s , T s w s , s;kt kv jld jxv 2Mkt kg ld F¬o¬ e df Ni jld lt ]g hg slS g; T a s s , T s w T s , , s 2;kt kg ld rk' xky ]g rNi eg 2Mkt kg sld X s s , a s T s w a s , rk' 9e8 ]g rNi eg udfsy 4hrdl kg Cgu rfk' dr cr ]g 9e8 dr ct a T T s w s a , T ]gj uk;÷ 2g kukg rk' s>e ]g rgd eg 2g gj tk[ rDfe cl eg udfy s , s a q T s T s s q s 4kF u/c hg 9e8 4k;x kg rDe kr g Cgu hg 9e8 ct a T s q s , T j,kv 2g kukg kdldf rDe kr g Cgu hg 9e8 4h;x kg e®[ rkc ]kgd ulm , s s q s , T s s `knkjb kd {ke kr ]kgd u sl®kvky s s s s 2k;x k[ 9Te8 ] s k;x sutk[ kd 9e8 4hgd rkc dut;pækv k;D hH uikv ]kgd u henkv lm s s T Z s s `9e8 k;yf tk[ ]kgd u sl®kvky T s s s 4g k;nf [j jlf ji k<jp ]g kIky liko nkc k"o 4k;x liko henkv go , X , , ˜ 2kxMkr a c kr¬kj kd ukg rDe kdldf kr ]Cgu g hg 9e8 jxv jkv 4kxn krc kr¬kj s s q s s , T , wa kd ujd rDe e kr kg jxv `g 9e8 df kv jd>el ygi ]kgd u sl®kvky s q T s s , T s s s `Mki ld kd {ke e ]g krgkp {ke a s , s s T wa s Te kg ]kgd sulm `g krgkp {ke r ]yxki ]kgd ulm 4kxy ulg l®kvky 2 a , s w s s a s s g krgkp {ke e df kNi u henkv lm jkv k;x henkv dS lki d sl®kvky wa s T w s , s s 4g >kc kLc lcl jkdagv , s \ s 4hrdl yef Cgu rDfe q s l >kc dr cr ]s;kt kg u I‘i¬ /kc g; dr ct jkv 4g uni¬ hg kd dS s s s , , a udfy 4e kiW ruv7ruv g kgj kg rnfi¬ kt ]g jxkl ruv kd ktM 4g s X X a a , s a s , a Z , jkr¬of rauv uhgrv kd uoht ]g uoht df g Fv hg dS kd Xkukn ub 4g a , , Z s T
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g; 4g krkt kg oHlv kugj e rfk'v cr 4g hrkt kg >kc rfk'v kr ]g , s a X a , s s a s , hrkt Pc rgc rfk'v g; Glf 4g rfak'v hg; ]g ykt kjkl kd 9e8 skt g; \ q a Z , , T 2gd 9e8 kt ]Sgfkp wa T s hukg rîfr hdlm ]g kgj gd jd jkdqi gxt7gxt 2g h[j kuc yD' jktg s 1 , , X sulm 49e8 ]g krgd go 2g kOc suc rfi 9e8 go ]g kOc uc ke 9e8 go 2 T , , , T , , s a T g kOc kuc ikc 9e8 4g ikc 9e8 ]kuke Cgu kje ]g krgd go 49e8 kje go , , T wa T s , T s `kdldf3rk'v kgj jd ukd `< s a , jkd kd rfk'v g ukd `g 9e8 kd Ic ]g 9e8 kd hu®i ]g 9e8 kd ikc < a , , , T s s , T , T jkd kd rfk'v k; `g kuuke u rkc hd Ic <jkd kd rfk'v `g kuyp u a , s s a , jduke kd rfi <jkd kd rfk'v `g k;D <jkd kd rfk'v df kpskl hHd a , a 2h;x kg rk'v hu®i jkv kyp Cgu jkluv s a , q kKkv hd hu®i rfi jkv 2k;x kg rk'v ikc jkv huke Cgu kKkv u Ic j , s a , s s s , kv 2g krkt kg rk'v ue jkv skg Cgu hH Nd er df k;nf gd u henkv , s a , q q s dS jkv 2g krkt kg rk'v ue df k;yf [sn l [kv hlS u henkv dS jk , , s a s a s s , v 2g krkt kg rk'v ue jkv k;df Cgu hH jkd¬eu ji r¬kj u henkv dS , s a , s s `g <jkd Bkd jkv rDjfrfv d 9e8 ]rDjfrfv d 9kxB jse8 , s , s T s s s ]d ukg kni d rfk'v hje df kpkl hH g; hHd `g rfk'v k;D sllb ]9g s s s , s a s s , a wa Cgu e8 jxv df lb kF kpkl hHd `g kpkl kd <{ dS ]g rfk'v hl7u T s s , s s , a , s s kd kr ;kt IN 9e8 rDo lb jxv `g k;D rfk'v ]k;df yk;[ uikv hHv w T , a s `g Cgu rk'v kr hgo Cgd3g rgkp kujd rk' eg ltf df g hjWt ku> , a s T s a s , el kd e lb go 2g krtk[ ;kim urdf eyke u e go jGf 4g krdIH s T , s s w T , Cgu Bkd jkv g krdIH e 4g krkt dIH d/kl eltf ]g eH hnk;ufc g; s , , T , X , z q 2kxsyef ld {ke ]g kgd {ke 2Sgfkp {ke >e ]g krgd e s , s , a s s s q , T go jGf jkv 4g krn jd W' kukuc ukde ;u7;u e go jkv 2k;df go u , , s q s s T , s e ]k;df g; ue 2k;df g; ue ]hy Pi tkeu hurb ue ]ykL Pi jkdkeu T s T s T \ s T s \ s surb sue 2k;yf jd g;7g; sue ]k;nf LkN g;7g; ue ]g krgd e go cv T T s\ s T , T 2ytfe ji ytfe 3;df lkoim surdf sue3g lkoim kd ytfe urdf lki a a s T , a s sje ]g krgd go cv 4g ukde d ytfe surdf lki jse ]kF krgd ygi go s , T s a s s 2s;nf [yf sue ekj surdf ]g ekj surdf e hjktrf hje ]g krgd e cv 2 T T X s s , T Tg ;iQ urdf e hjktrf hje df kF krjd hruxf ygi e g; 4s;x yef ;ki s s X s s s T m ;u d sujd kd e 4g dhO ]skyp df g krgd e go 2g krkg Ulzi rgc s s s T , , T , s q e go 2;df lkoim urdf ue ]hjG Skyke hurdf ue ]Syf y eku [ky u T s s s T s a s T s s rdf sue ];nf [yf ekj [ky urdf ue df g kr[j cklgf henkv jg jkv T s s s T , , 2g hrkt hrk T s g hØdb ckrdf kgo jkv g rgj rtH jd[yf ekj7ekj jkv 2eku ekj jkc X a , T s s s , X s\ kLkjd lc ]g rgd o 2g rkt r[j ckrdf o jkv 2e kckrdf g krgj kr T s s T s s X s , X X ,
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Oc djd nc [kv 4g krjd hH ukgc d ukg rk' go jGf 4hd 9e8 g chd , s a X a , s s s s a T , jr hj[fkv go 2g kukg rk' 9s>e8 df g krgd 9e8 go df [n kte udfy , s a q , T X s s 4g Cgu rfk'v Bkd jkv rDjfrfv d 9Te , a s , s 8 4g rfk'v hd 9e8 rfk'v hjkl hd rxt lb 4g kuy >el kd yk;[ lb , a T a , s s 2g kLhi hd 9e8 go , \ T ]g hgj hrkg kLhi kt kdlm 2k;x k[ cl ]k;x 4kF kgj yp jdLdi kd Q , s \ s s s \ s q s s x IkN hldf g; jGf 2kje 9e8 kd jkpc kr ]g Cgu 9jdFhr8 jhokge df T s s s T ;kt yp kri jxv 4g 9jdFhr8 jhokge dr ct ]g dr hHr kte kd ut s T , , 4,g ut g; 4g 9Lc8 neégke dr ct ]g dr hHr kte kd 9e8 d ukeylqe , T s \ s , T s jkv 4g ukeyle g; 4g krkg kIkN 9e8 kd jkpc kr g kIkN ke®kge jxv , , q , s s T s s s , s `g hrkg Ghydr k;D g , s X ér `k;D 2kgd Nd kd neégke jxv ]sxn kyp jkoyr eg ]g krgd 2g kL q X q s s X , , [ Nhi kyko ukyp jkoyr udfy 4g ecl kt ]elm dp k[ ygi rgc o \ s s s , X s X s q s s q s 4C;x yef e [kj hLc rgc q;®e hdum 4k;x jtx kuket je kd llht ]; X \ q 1 q s s s x kg ykl kl gnkp je kd neégke ]s;x kg ykl jktg BkP Sg kd jhokge s , , s s s s q s 2hx;kt yp jkoyr ]g krgd jGf kr 2g ukoxH 9Qx kje8 ]g jkro X X , s , q s , v 9Qqx kje8 ]g jdFhr 9Qx kje8 4g 9Qqx kji8 k'eg 9Qx kje8 4krdl skg s , q s , w s q s Cgu hHd3g 9Qqx k/kv8 2g k;x kg jkted 9Qx kje8 29Qx kje8 ]g krgd , , s s q s q s , go 4g hrxy Ikp kd jhokge df g hrxy Cgu Syflb kLhi skdlm 2,g hr , s s , \ xy kLhi kdlm kr g ke®kge k/kv 9ke®kge8 kjkgér ]g Cgu 9Qx kLc8 Bkd \ s s , q , q \ s 90c8 kjkgér ]g Cgu 9Qqx kLc8 Bkd jhokge 9kjkgér8 df kgd llm jxv q q , \ s q s s 4g krkg rcte 9e8 j/b 2g 9kyp kLc8 , s w T wa s \ ]g kyp kd 9Qx Lc8 ]g Cgu kysp kd Qx <jk/kl Bkd 9e8 df g krxy jk wa s q s \ wa q s T , , v 4g krkg rcte 9e kL\c8 kd ;‘'f Lc lki d Qx Lc dfk;D 2Cgu df g , s w T s \ s q s \ X , kLc ]kdDi Qx df g krgkp kuy jd 0lf jkv g krtk[ Qx Lc ;‘'f jkv \ q , s , , s q s \ , 2hH ;‘'f ]g o–im kd 9Te8 hH Qx , q 2g o–im kd 9e8 cl 2g ryp Fi ]g rkg L[ eJkv ]g hrkg hL[ eL , T T s a T s s s \ , s \ Qx ]g rkg L[ ;knil jGf jkv 4g rkg Ødb lkilkv dlm ue rk'v slß q T s s s \ z a , T s s s s a 2kxn rfk' e ]g krgd go `g hrdl wa a T , , s s , kg ld rfk' kgo ]g 9e8 kgt dfk;D ]hrdl kg Cgu rfk' hg n[ lki d a a , T a X s a q s jkpsc lm ]hn rfk' 9ue8 ]g krgd kt jkv 2xn rfak' eg ]kxgd go `kxsO s a s T , s , s X s c jduc Qx Bkd kr kg u 9e8 dfk;D ]g 9e8 kuiv hH lki dum 2Qx jkv , q s s s T X , T s q , 2g krgkp kukg rk wa s a ' 9e8 2g rgkp kukg rk' eg ];bkrc kr¬kj kd rfk' eg ]g krgd jkv g T T s s a s a X , , , krLdi <jp d kvQqx 2e tk[ hd rfk' ]g krkt 9e8 2g krkt e 'kyr h \ s X X s a , T , X d rfk' 9e8 go jGf `yef ld rfk' df g krNi 9e8 go kr kg ;huglv a T s s , a , w T s s
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r ]kxy Ldi unx Qx cr 4g k;D kyeke df hxyp kri r;yflv cr ]ky s \ Z q , s s [n jd[j ji jlf dum kjt ji jkc dS 4g SN jkc rgc kr ji sd Qx s s , T q q s , q 2g '[ Lc ikv 2krOc Cgu jckjc je df g kgj kv kte Xelb kdikv j T q s \ , s s , s , kv `g k;D ikv jkv g euof henkv g; udfy 4kOc Cgu jckjc je dfk;D , , , z s , s s X 4g dhO 4g euof henkv g; jkv g kvg kOc phu go 2s;x kg hlk;üal hH , , z , , q , s s tt d IkdBkg e Fkg uiv 2sphu g kvg kOc tt kd IkdBkg ]g kvg kOc s Z s X s , q , Z s wa q , Cgu jiM d henkv <jk/kl hldf e df g Syflb krkrc g; `g k;D krkr s T , , X c kdlb udfsy 4Cgu henkv <jk/kl Bkd g; ]g kOc phu l>e g; 4g Cgu s s , , s s q , henkv <jk/kl Bkd ]g tt kd IkdBkg henkv g; df g krkrc g; udfy s , Z s , s `g tt kld cv kr g , , s , k;kv jdugi _¬o kvQsx cv 4cv kgj Cgu hg tt Xe IkdBkg jGf 4k;x skg Z s e®[ kyeke 4g tt kd IkdBkg df g rjWt k;D hd ukrc cv 4g k;nf k , Z s , s , Ocf sphu kd tt d IkdBkg dS df g kgj kv kte k;D kd henkv lb jkv s s Z s , X s , 2g kO‘rfi ]g , z , ni hH elb 4kxOc ji ulkv dlm henkv kjln go ]g Bg hxy hPhl hd j X s , s w , q \ cu kt go jkv ]kxOc ji ulkv lm go kr je ikv jkv 2g Sg [j ulkv a s , s , s s , , q s kLc llm go 2g kvg kOc kjlhr phu hH llm dfk;D ]g krjd k{hri hd \ s , q , s s X , z s uje dikv udfy ]g Sg [j kIkN ulkv kr likv go ]tkjkge ]kgd uTe s s T q s s s s s 4g kr[j kIkN ulkv ]g krOc Cgu j , s , , i ulkv jckjc je hHd g; ]g r[n 2g euof rgc ]g k;nf LkN cl 2g k s s T s s , z q , s\ , ;x kg hlk;ül ]kF tt kd IkdBkg henkv g; ]Cgu kri kdikv ]kgd ukgüm s a Z s s s X 4jd kiÎ hd sukrc ikv ]krukt Cgu e ]kgd uTe X T s `g kvg kOc ukd e yxc ]g rukt ikv ]kgd l>e u hlk;ül um ]k;x Te , q , , X T s s q s a 2g uketkjof hl T k;ül jlhr ji lm ]g r“r kl7kIkN dS jkv phu d r“r lm 2g uketkj a s , s , s s , of hlk;ül kjln dS ji lm ]g r“r kl7kIkN dS jkv phu d r“r lm 4g a w , s , s s T uketkjof ji r“r Lc rgc dS hlk;ül 4g hrkg rkc hd te hlo Xe XkeJ s \ q a , s s , kv hHl 2h;x kg rkc hd te Lc dS 4kF k;x e Xe eJkv d hlk;ül dS s s s \ T s a 2Cgu df g ;x kg W' T s s q kukv xky `h;x yef jc[ kd ldf7ldf 2Cgu df g k;x yp kri kd kru s s , s t kr g kgj jd ku/kl hurb ct 9e8 df g kry [n jddk> e phc7phc s , T , s s a X 9e8 g; 2g kruke kurdf ukd df jdyk[7yk[ [kv ]g kgj [n e go 2Cg T , , s s a wa s T u df hpgi jc[ e okx ]Cgu df ;kv d/kjkv hH jkv3g Sg Oc l jsn hL qa X a s , T q s , s c e jnfe 2g Oc s;kxy ulkv eg l rfk' hurdf df3Cgu df u hldf k[ \ X a T s , s a s s n 2Cgu df kyduf kyko u[n Bkd df g krgj kr[n jdyk[ [kv Xe phc s s s , s s X a 7phc jkv 2g kgj kg rk' e df g krgd jkv g kry kxy ulkv ]g krkt , wa s a T , , , s ,
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`kg gj k;D jd g; df krgd Cgu l hldf Bkd Syflb ]g yxki k;ufqn s s X s s , hjkl dfp udfsy `e xkenf jkgér g k;x kg k;D `kg gj jd Syfldf jgk wa X s q , s s s c jrhH kv/ `kg gj jd k;D g; 2ykduf jgkc jkv s;kt y jrhH kvq/ he a q s s s , s a nkv dS 4g Cgu hH Nd ;kolf d uiyxki `g krdl kg k;D lj Xe Ijxlf , q s , s s 4g lj kd 9e8 ]g Cgu kd Ijxlf ]g , T , s , lj kd uhi Ijxlf kt go 2g Cgu <jk/kl Bkd eg 2g Nd hH eg df g k s s s T s T q , rxy 4g kryef uiîLc l suhi Ijxlf df3g krhi Glf 4g krhi Cgu Syf d , \ s s , Z , s Ijxlf kpπc kIkN 4g krLi eyke jkdgv ]jdLdv g rhi Ijxlf xky d s s , \ w a \ T s s s f g kr[n go dfk;D ]g kry hi Ijxlf jdLdv hH kpπc kIkN 2g gj gkp , s X , s s \ s T s rîfr dS jrhH3cl jkv kyko suhi Ijxlf ]kyko uhi ckj' ][j uk;÷ cv 1 , s s X 2hryef Cgu rîf1r kd jkdgv je cv Xe ukt s a s s s e j?ckj' df g krgd dS 2g htkj e ujd ;≤i eg cr ]hrkg Cgu rîfr X , T X s q s 1 hd jkdgv cv ]krkg Cgu kte cv e ujd iki ]g krgd Bkd 2g htkj e a s X s , s wa X xk;® e cv skr ]krkv Cgu kte s>e cv e u/ ]kg srgd er 2g htkj e y T q X s q wa X D' hjln e jGf ]kg Cgu Uli e yD' lb df g krgd go 2g jk;r k'seg w T s z X , , , Syf d uync 9e8 4pc l Igkync hd 9e8 ]pc l uync kd 9e8 Syflb s s T X s T X s s s T 4kxk s g Cgu 9e8 cr ]sxXtk[ eg ct 4g 9e8 dr cr ]hd Cgu tk[ ueg dr ct T s , T s s 4g Cgu kr ;kt y k;hn jkv g kj/v kr , s X s , , s a s jrhH ;kt sy re k;hn udfy 2g Cgu Cgd go ]k[n jdkt y k;hn uTe 2g X s , s s s , Cgu kj/v ]kxgd jdkv jgkc d j? go e j[fkv 4kxkg Cgu kj/v Cgo7Cg s a s s X s s a o ]kxs;kt k;hn kgt7kgt 4g kgd kj/v df e ukd7ukd [n jkv s;kt y k; a a , a s a X s s s s s s , s hn jkv xy utk[ kd j/v kr 4;kt e j? j/av hldf jdy k;hn Bskd slt , s s s s s s a s s X s s s , 2g Cgu hH Cgd go ]x;ki ikv e , s X X j[fkv jkv jrhH ykL tk[ Ib7Ib jkl 4kg hd u tk[ kgt ]XLkN u pb d , X s s s s a s\ a S jrhH jkv ]Xtk[ 4kx;kt kyp krkg uhyof l Cgo7Cgo ]g kvg kOc kg;7k , s s s s , q , a a g; df xXy [n ikv kgt7kgt 4kx;kt kg rgfkjrf go Cgo7Cgo ]hx;kt pgi s s a a s s s s qa I‘fn hdikv kgt7kgt ]sx;kt pgi ikv kgt7kgt jkv 4g kOc kgd g; df 1 a a X qa a a , , , a hxLi hujd 'kyr pb dS7dS 4kxLi kutk[ jrhH lb ]kxLi kuukpgi slb s \ a s \ s s s \ 4kxLdi kd henkv 9e8 go l r¬kj jktg7j s \ s T s s ktg 2g hH iW de®kyd ]g hH iW d;®fgfkl ]g hH iW drfάkl ]g hH i T T T a T W drfhutkj 6g hH iW defk/v ]g hH iW defk/ d ykt d 9e8 lb jkv T Z T Z s s T , 2g kd 9e8 jwi ykt , T s kjkl kd Qqx dum dfk;D 2sxOm kg yxki hH o ]Nhi dum g kt jkv 2kx s X X s s s s T s , sOm kg yxki kr kn kxy ji l jlf jxv jkv 2g krkt kg tkjku kr kvN r s s s , s , , s s s q e j,i 2g krkg rîr go jdwN ji 4g kvg kOc 9e8 hH kgo df kxyp kri c , s 1 , , q , T a s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 892 egaP

4g kgj L\i , h;k[nf jdkg xjr Gjr hjln jxkl hgo ]g kgj Li h;k[nf jdkg lkO gj s a w , \ s s r hd Fkni Gjr dS3g jxkl hgo 4g jxkl go ]r;fkxjr ]kx;kt gj "' Z , , a s s kt cr ]hH ke®kv jkv hH Fkni3sx;kt Ief kukn ct 4ji uIef d ke®kv s , Z X X s s s ]e3kxLi kupgi hH kd e/ j/b 4ji suIef d Fkni k;x pgi kr ukKof T s \ qa s Z s Z qa s 4g hjWt kuIef kd 9e8 udfsy 4kx;kt yp hH cr ]n u eku hH , T s X Bkd jkv 4n n eku hH Bkd 4Syf dlm g ;®l eku cl]kgd eku hH Bkd s , X s s s T s s 4g krLi Cgu dG hH Bkd l eku ]kgd ke®keji ]kgd {ke ]kgd ;®l3kn , \ Z s s s s s s s eku hH Bkd lm 4g rfk' "' hgo ]g ;®l "' hgo3g krkt gj "' k;D c s s , a s , s , s r g krkt gj "' kt cr 4g hrkt kg knof ke®kv hg Fkl d 9e8 4g krkt , s s , s s T , kg knof 9e8 df g hrkv hL? dS 4g krxy ukg uhyof ]g krxy ukg kno s T , \ , s s , s s f go kr g hrkt kv e ukpgi xjr hdlm el l el jkv <d7<d jkv ]g s T X X a w s w , , , hrkt kg ukpgi hRj7hRj ct jkv 69e8 kgj g; df g krkt k;yf ukpgi s , T , ct ]g krkt k;yf jd tbku≈djf go ct ]g hrkg hji ukpgi hje ct jkv , , s w s , 2g Sg Ldi go l keüt7keüt 4g kvg kiNf go kgd7kgd df , q s \ s X X , q a a kxLi kujd kNhi kdlb ]kxLi kukt jrhH dlb ]hxLi hujd hllkt jrhH s \ s \ s s \ w s dlb 4g hjWt hj;koDb hdlb 4hxLi hujd tk[ hdlb ]g gj ht eg jkv , a s \ s T s , 4g Cgu oHl rfk' ]g oHl hg rfk'v kr g kgj ht ji jk/kv d 9Te8 jxv , a a , a a s wa s `g kgj ht Cgu kr ji jk/kv wa s d 9e8 Cgd e 4g Sg Ldi kgd7kgd go df hxLi hujd ukpgi hdum ]h s T T , q s \ a a s \ xLi hujd tk[ hdlm 4g krjd ekd 9e8 sNhi d jkl lm 4g h;x kg hjlwn s \ s , T s s , s rgc r;yflv sNhi dcl lm ]kg rugi Lid eg gkp jkv kg rkt Xe j? q s X s s \ s , X s ckj' eg gkp ]kg rhi Ijxlf eg gkp3g ykt kjkeg kjkl kd kjkl skt g; s X s s s , 4k[n df g kd uk[nf ykol Xe ylv s s , s ]Cgu ykol kd uyef Nd 2g krn dG jkv g kry 'd go 4g 9e8 cl go s q , s X , , s , T 2g krn kLm hg lo kd Ijxlf hrehd go udfy ]g Cgu rjWt hd uhi jk , s \ s , s s s , s c7jkc 2g krkLm kv/ jdkxy e Fkg Glf ]g krhi Cgu jkc7jkc kdlm go , \ a q X Z , s jGf 2g rdl hi xky LkF rgc kdltf ]g krhi Ijxlf hlS 9e8 kd k;efn T s s s s\ q s , s s T X kv jhev 4g krhi 9e8 kd henkv chjx dS go hr¬l 4g Lkzc d 9e8 cl o , T T a s T s ]g Lkc hH e suhi Ijxlf 2Nd g eg df g krxy kd 9e8 2g krkt kv Xe T az X s q T , s T , Ldv dS kyko suhi Ijxlf 4g kjln ydycf lj 4elm Cgu hg g lj dfk \ s , w q X , X ;D 4krkg Cgu jlv Bkd ji lm kr kxs;kt kg ckj[ ;ƒ¬ko¬ df g krk>el s s s s , kd yko uhi Ijxlf Bkd ct Syflb 4g kjlwn ydycf lj jkv g lj udfy s s s s s , q , , s 4g Cgu hH Nd kr lj 4g hrdl kg Ghy , q s , s dr 4g hrdl kv hlk[ llb `kg rjd k;D g; jkv 2jrhH jgkc ;kt kvq/ , a s s s X , s a
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044 fo 992 egaP

4hei kjr g e 2hukpgi Cg zs s wa T u end d j,i ]hukpgi Cgu tkokv 2r Cgu hukpgi ]g e ]g krgd go jkv s w wa T , , `er kg ukd3kg ukd df g hrkv tkokv l Nhi 4g krkI[ q s , s , , s s , I[ ktkojn jdkt ji jk} d hl;i huiv hei dS 4g k;kx rhx dS u heW s zs zs , s 4kukv [j kr ];kt yef jkv 4kr kyef Cgu jxv ]jgkc k;n s s , s f [j dfk;D 4kukt kv kr kdl ki Cgu jxv 4ktk[ kvkt ]g krgd ykijk} X s s s s s , 4n [j jdykduf ld kd 9e8 g; ]wag k; wa s , s T kv [j e kr go ]kF krLi Bk[nf ukekl kt df kF krgd henkv go udfy T s \ s s 4g kvg Cgu I‘ofi e jnfe d ukoxH dr tkv hH Bkd jdy , q z X a s s s kd 9e8 lb dfk;D ]kvkv [j jgkc kd 9e8 lb 2kxWd kti 9Te8 ]kxWd u s T X s s T a w a 'n d ukoxH 9e8 `kx;kt jrhH 9e83g 9e8 kt g; udfy 4g Cgu ktg B Z s T s T , T s s , Z kd kr kvkv sy hH lm ];kv [j jgkc er ukekl kt ]g krgd ykijk} go s s s s s q s , `kgd g ukekl ]g s;x kg yxki ikv ]g krgd go a , T s , 2kvkv [j jgkc ukekl cl ]Cgu lß ]g krgd ykijk} s s , 4g wa k;kv e kuFki hd ukoxH e 4kn ukt >e ]g hyk[ ydycf e `g hyk[ C X Z z T s s s q wa q T T gu r[n Fkg ]g k;kv [j jgkc e kr ukekl udfy df g krgd henkv go s s wa T s s , 2kvkv jdykduf jgkc ukekl 2kjgO ]kjgO s s s df g krdkj lm ykijk} udfsy 4hn LkN jgkc ulm hLN ]k;nf [j jgkc , s s s\ s \ s ulm krt 4g Cgu rDf;ø Bkd lki dlm ]g Cgu Nd e Fkg dlm 4kxy uj w , s s , q X s s d 'soi go e jnfe d uokno 4g kpgi uokno ji jnfae d ukoxH henkv z X a s 1a , qa 1a s dS e ;Ikudky lm 4g ;Ikudky kl7kIkN dS e okx d ykxc g kuql uTe X s , s s X a s a , s 2g S T g suc hjOx 9e8 cl eg jkv 4g <i[n hH kt ]g krkt Ief cl ];kt Ief q T , , Z w q s , s rDf;ø 2k;x cl jGf 4jkd/v kld jGf ]ukKv kld jGf ];®e hld jGf 4 a , , q 1 , , g [qn kld ]g rfk'v hld jGf kr ;kt kyp krkg I‘i¬ /kc g; jxv jkv , , a , s s s s , 4Cgu hg g eg3g krje T , hgo ]g krsy eüt hgo ]g kgj kt hgo ]g kgj ht hgo ]g kgj Om hgo ]g k , , , , , gj hi hgo ]g kgj k[ hgo ]g kgj yp hgo ]g kgj ykc hgo 2g rdl sld , , , s T s , ykc ]Cgu hg g eg df kF kurb <jkd yd kdlm3g hg Syflb go ]g ry s T q , T s kc kt eg df F gj jd kokn kt df 3kF Cgu g; <jkd kdlm kr ]g h<ko s s s s s s , hd hlm ]rykc Cgu eg df dl gd g; jxv "f+ d kn"ufim ]d kno ; s s s s X s X s s 4g kgj yskc , hgo ]g hgj ykc ktM ]kxsxy 6g kgj ykc e ]kxxy Cgu klS 4g hgj kt k , s Z wa s T s s , Z tM ]kxxy ]g kgj yp e df kxLi eyke Cgu klS ]kuyp ji r¬kj unf l s wa T s \ w s s m ]kxsxy g; unf ltf 4g jxkl kd kxjr roht ]g Cgu lkO jxkl go jkv , X a a , s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 003 egaP

hg n[ go ]hF 'kyr hdltf udfy ]krIky Cgu kr go cr udfy 4g k;x q s , s s , gj Cgu hg kyko uIky dfk;D ]g krIky Cgu hHd go jGf udfy 4i/ jGf s , X , , s w ]rkljc jGf 4g krkt kyp jGf hei 4g hrP\c xkv krofd ]g krgd e jGf , zs , s wa T `kxsn jRm ukd ]kxsNi ukd jGf `dr¬n ji jk} dldf k , w , s s r ;kt gj dS ct jkv 4kukv kld kr Skt gj hg hg dS ct jkv 4krofd s , , s , hld kr s;kt gj hg dS ct jkv 4Sgfkp kn ed l ed Syf d dIku cl , s , s s s 4Sgfkp kn hH Syf d uPc kd krofd dfXk;D s s s \ s ]g ydæfe rgc hukPc krofd xkv 4 kg hn dkj krofd u heW Syfhlb n;k , q q \ s s s s ' 4g ydæfe rgc kukPc kd krofd xkv cr udfy `g krdl Ief ld 9Te , q q \ s s s , s , 8 dr cr ]g 9r8 dr ct dfk;D ]kvkt Iky hHv ]kgd ulm jkv 4h;x k[ , w X s , s , s jGf kdefi go ]g krgd kr e 4krkg Cgu htkj kd uyk[ ktkojn hHv Te zs aw s T s s s s 2k;nf yk[ ktkojn hn¥t u heW 4g s s , hg 9r8 df kg rgd ld g; kr kg Cgu er jxv jkv `g Cgu e df g kr w s s s , s s q , wa T , kg ukd hH kyko ugd kr kg Cgu er jxv udfy 2g Cgu 9e8 kxy ugd g s , s s s q s wa T s o kr 4g 9e8 dr ct ]g krLi Bk[nf dr hHr 9r8 dfk;D 4g krkt Ief h s , T , \ w X , H 9r8 kdlm ]g krkt Ief 9e8 kdltf udfy 2g hg r ]g Cgu e ]kgd ul w , T s , w wa T s m cv3g dhO 4g Cgu hji krofd g; 4hn dkj e /kv uer krofd ]gd j , , w s X s s q wa dkOm kdlm jdkt df g krkg ue l,o 4;x kg unf rgc je kd heW udfy s , s s s s q s s s 2;x y[ s q jk} df g hrgd krofd hd heW jkv 4g hg r ]g Cgu Te kr cv ]kgd ulm , , , w wa s s `er kg ukd ]k;x kNi l Nhi jGf 4hn dr¬n ji jk} lm jGf ]k;kv go q s , w s s 2kjtqx kj/v ]rkj hurdf ]i/ hurdf ]rkljc hu s a X w X rdf eyke u3kIky Cgu go jGf 4rhc "o ji "o 4k;x Iky liko hei go w , s Z Z , zs `g krdl skg ld ei go ]9e8 g wa s , zs T , krgd ei kt df ku[j uk;÷ ]rDo rkt kgd hH g; ulm jkv 4kvkt Iky zs s s s , s , er hHv 4g Cgu gxt e j? lb hd 9e8 jln cv ]g 9e8 dS ]kgd ulm q , X T s w wa T s 4g k;x kg kni du dS kgo jkv g Sg Oc 9e kn7kn8 e j? d hezsi , s , Z a , T q s , T s s X s jg 4g ydæfe hLc ]g ;x kel 9e8 kn e j? d hei df g rukt cl jkv , q \ T s T s X s zs T s , 4h xkg Ghydr hLc kr 2;x kv jkv 9e8 dS er cv 4g 9e8 hg l ygi e j s \ s s , T q wa T s s T /b 4rdl kel Cgu kn e j? d ei df g hrkv tkokv hurb Glf l jrhH s s X s zs , Z s 2hei kjsr g zs wa Te ]hryk[ Cgu k;D jk} 2Cgu k;D hrykc ]>r k;x kg k;D ]g krky¥pf go s X X s s q s , 2Cgu g Bkd , s X e j? l,t ]g hry jd nc ktkojn jGf go 2g krkt kg kIkUl jrhH jkv s , s a , s ,
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044 fo 103 egaP

4 g hgo lc unf lm ]sxn n knof kdcl unf ltf jkv 4n n knof kdcl kd k , X s s , X s s s r;he®kv ]kd jkdgv ]kd ke®kv ]kd a;o¬ ]kd uiv 4g ikv kgt huk; uk;÷ s a s s s s T a 7j,x 4g Cgu ikv3ukK huk; ]uk;÷ 4g ukKv hgo ]g jk} kd 9Bkv8 kt go 4 , , , s g 9e7ku8 go ]g kt jk} ky[ dS jkv 4g jk} d 9e8 ]g nc kt jk} cl 4 , T , s q , T s T T a s Sgfkp jk} ky[ dS 4g jk} nc rgc go ]hF hd W' rkc ueg l jk} ltf q , a q q s s 4g jk} Cgo ]g uk;÷ Cgo ]g Cgu 9e8 kgt jkv , , , T a , 4kx;kt Ief 9e8 hg rukt k s T s lsS 4g kuukt Sg rIef kd 9e8 4g kukIef kd 9e8 4g krkt kg Idi ;®l h , q s s T , s T , s z g rkg ;üw' dlb 4kx;kt kg ;ü' ]kx;kt jxf ]kx;kt yef ;®lv Xe tk[3 s s s s s w s s s X s tk[ 4tk[ kd ;®lv lb 4hrdl kt hd Cgu tk[ e ;®l hd 9e8 4e ;®l X s s s X T X v lb ]tk[ kd ;®l lb 4rki tk[ Cgu kd ;®l lm Syflb ]g ;®lv eg X s s s s s T 4g ;®l hgo ]g {ke eku kdlm 6g ke®keji e , , s , ku kd uoht nfkuv lm 4g uoht nfkuv uhgrv jGf 4g q;®e Bkd u ]g e , a , 1 s , üt Bkd u 4g uoht jGf 4Cgu eüZtui Bskd unf lm ]Cgu 9e8 unf ltf jkv s , q T , 4g d T s s kxB eüZtui cl 4g kreüt jkc7jkc 9e8 Glf 4g Cgu eütui Bkd kd ke®k q , T Z , Z q s v ]g krkg eüZtui kd ke®kv hHd df kugd re g; hH jdyH Syflb 4g , s q w , krje jkc7jkc jkv g kreüt jkc7jkc hg 9e8 go 4g Cgu hg krje hHd go , , T , ]g kt 4g kje Cgu hHd kr go ]g kt 4kF krje kt ]kF hg 9e8 go dfk;D , s , s , s s T X ` ;®e hld cv ]kLhi hld cv ][n kld cv 4k;x kyp hgo ]kF kr[n hgo q 1 , \ , q , q 4hF hr[qn kt ]h;x hyp Ffx go 4hF hd [qn kt ]Ffx h;x hyp df k;x g s za s za o 4go k;x dfk;D ]Cgu ykol kd [qn eltf ]hL? go 4g hd nukv skt ]g X X \ , a , hrkv hL? go hg e oHuv lb 4g hrkg /çyim kr;ü/ jkv krdFkl hd uo \ X q , s , Z ht hg e oHuv lb 4g hrkt y[ [kv ]s;kt kyp 9e8 g; jkv 4g luLbky X q , q a T , , s a ç ]g uik/v _kedS 9e8 g; 4g krLi Cgu h;k[nf <jkd d 9e8 lb udfy , a T , \ s T s 4g Cg; ]g kL[ Gjr kjkp go 4g hg nwtke go 4g krLi Cgu h;k[nf <j , , \ X , , , \ kd d 9e8 go 4g kvg hg k;kv go 4g krkt ki kd ke®keji ]g krkt ki {k s T , q , s , s e ]g krkt Ief henkv unf ltf 4g krdl pgi u jkv g kpgi Cgu dr { , , qa , , qa ke henkv Bskd dr tkv jkv 4g krdl pgi u jkv g kpgi Cgu dr joæ s , , qa , , qa B henkv Bkd dr tkv 4g Cgu ikv unf ltf ]unf lm kxs;kt kv dr ikv s T ke®keji udfsy 4rdl pgi Cgu dr ke®keji hHd ikv ]g krgd e udfy s qa wa T s 4g krkt hg Ief hei kr jGf 2h;x gj k;D hg r , zs s kc hd uIky jGf kr g k;x Ief hg e ct dfXk;D 2g krkt pgi lki sdlm s , s , T , qa
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044 fo 203 egaP

4kxs;kt Li e [k/ ]kgd u {Hf lm `g k;D rlg ikv ]kNi u dqrxkv ; \ X s s s q T X s a w s a s kv ;u lm 2kxy sulg jdky[fy[f l jkt ]kF krul phu d {o {Hf dS s a s s q s s 1 q 4kx;kt yef jRm >r jkv ]kxwan s s q , jRm kr kNi sur jxv ]kg rk' Z<i Rpf kjr ct ]nkc jH "o jGf jkv 4 s w w s a w s Z , ;kt jxf hH uæi df kg rk' kurb jkv kt dQ kg; "o dS r ]kgd u 0c X z s a , a Z w s q `Wd k;D e jGf ]kxy uNi henkv go a T s w 2Cgu hg kyef jRm l un jRm dr tkv s s s dfk;D ]kxsyef Cgu jRm s>r hH llm ]kxn jRm >r hH e 2Cgu hH kxy X q s wa s q T s ef rNi7rNi df g Cgu kr klß Cgd df Cgu yk;[ g; >r 2g kgj kt y s w s w , s s q , s p sNi r hH jGf ]kyef Cgu jRm ]nkc d uNi l kxky urb ]kgd u 0c w w s s w s X s s s q 4kyef Cgu jR m >e 4krkv Cgu suNi likv e kr krkt yef jRm >e ]kgd u rDf;ø lm s q w s T s s q s `Cgu k; ;nf jRm s sukgüm ]kF kNi lutf `Cgu k; jRm Bkd kyef ]Ni l kurb ]kgd u 0c X w s s s w s X s q 4g h;kox e Cgüb hxntf hd , a X a dr cv ]g k;df eJ ji Cgüb "o lhr 4g Ni l krgc ]kgd u do; lm , Z T s w s X q s q `g sNi uæi s; l hldf jkv hH ygi ]kgd u 0c T w z s , s s q 4jRm dub g krgkp s wa ]kgd jkv 4[j uekl d 0c uæi kn jdkt ulm 4F yef jRm dutf ]sF , s s s q z s s s s s s s tk[ uæi l rgc e jH uoht sulm jkv 4k;x lki d 0c htk[ ko; dS z s q X , s q s q 2kukt jxf kd uæi g ukK ]g krgd likv e jkv 4kuyef kd jRm g ukK ]g rpkl z , wa s T , , T s s eg 4g rkc hlt su>el hLkF g; 4g Cgu ukK kgo ]g krkt yef kgt jRm , , s\ , a , a 4g ukK kgo ]g krkt jxf kgt uæzi , a , a 4g krkt kg F;ø Arrv hH , s Z a uæi kgt ]g kukt pgi gxt lm jkv 4g kun jd F;ø kd kjRm [hl ]s/c z a , qa , , s Z s X s a cl ]g utk;i kd uNi uæzi 4g Cgu kusy tk[ jRm utk;i kd uNi uæzi , s z s w , s s z s w 2g hH jRm g; jkv 4g kuNi hH uæi g; 4g ry ukt slm eg , , , w z T s s cr ]g krkg uæi‘uf Rpf jkv g krkt jxf hg uæi ct 2Cgu hg kryef kr , s z , , z s jRm3g krkt jxf hH uæi ct jkv 4kx;kt kg F;ø hg uæi kr kxpc Cgu , z , s s Z z s s jRm Bkd ct Arrv 4sx;kt yp rkg F;ø jRm jGf ]X;kt rNi 4gj rNwi s a X s s s Z s w X s ]gj rNi udfy ]kxyef Cgu jRm l suNi 4g kuNi 4kryp Cgu kri kd X s w s s s w , w jRm <jkd d uNi udfsy 4g hH jRm hgo ]g kgj Ni kt 4rkc g; g pl s s w , , w s , `g ukd e df g krdl kt kukt hHd ld cr wa , T , s , jkv 4kxsuc jRm kr hgo ]g kL[ jduc uæi kt 4g Cgu xyv ]g kr hg d , s , \ z s T T s S kukn uæi jkv kyko uNi kr kg ukd df Ni eg nf; ]g kNi u _ef dS X s z , s w s s , X w , w s
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044 fo 303 egaP

4sxn jRm eg cr 4ky Ni jGf ]kvkt kv e 'kg j X s w s X s Gf ]kn sukg kl®dfpf hLkF 4xn jRm nkc jn hLkF hHv ]kjgO ]xgd ikv ` s s s\ s X s s\ s s X e epæfi k; g hrLm e cji Ik[3Sgfkp jRm kje ygi ]kxgd henkv go X , \ X w s s s 4ukyc kd |,o sxX;kt 4g rjWt hd jkpim ]g Cgu rjWt hd j s q s , , Rm kdlb 4g e rkiUfl henkv g; ]g hgj Cgu hg Lm Ik[ ]g rukt ikv s , X , \ T s `e epæfi df gxt lb e jRm df x;krc i X X s X kv `sukyc kd |o sxxkH ikv k; sxn jRm lm ikv `Gjr hd epæfi k; g q s , X X s , hgj Lm Gjr hd cji Ik[ g;3g h;x Lm e 'kdkv Ik[ hje df kg krN \ w , \ X s s i go jkv kg k;nf k[ 'kg ]kg kPp jk[c ]kg rkiUfl kd henkv hldf slt w , s s s s \ q s s , 4g srkt T jxf uæi ct ]g krkt kg jRm ;o¬ go ]g Cgu kryef kt ]jRm go udf z , s a , s y 4g rkt jxf uæi cl unf ltf ]g ryef unf hlm kr jRm uiv 4g rskg s T s z T s s s T s d k_¬k' jkv kckrdf ]jk/m3d kjlwn jRm cl 4g srkg Sg [hl jRm cl s X , X s X T s q s 4g kryef Cgu , jRm hH Bkd l uyef jRm 4g kryef jRm Cgo ]unf dS g rkt jxf uæzi s s s , T s 2kxy ukd I>> s , a hd jRm kr ]g Cgu hg uæi ct 4g Cgu kyko uLi e I>> hd jRm kr3 s , z wa s \ X a s g Cgu hg uæi ct 4g Cgu kyko uLi e I>> hd jRm e cv jkv 4g Cgu , z wa s \ X a T , , hg uæi df g k;x kg rk' kurb ue 4Cgu hg kpc Nd kd uNi ]kgd ulm z , s a q s s w s `g kuNi Cgu k;D jGf ]kgd u 0c , w X s q 2g kuNi Cgu 4g kuNi Cgu ]kgd ulm jkv kxy ulg Ridyke go , w , w s , s a q qa , 4kNi jkv ]kvkt kg L[ Ridyke ]kgd llm u 0c ]ji urhc " s w , s s s \ q qa , s s q s Z o dhO ]nkc jH "o 4kF Ridy,ke eku kd henkv lm 4k;x dQ henkv go Z q qa 2g krdl jd k;D e kr n jd jkdb l uNi hg r cv 4kxn jRm wa T s s a s s w w wa e kr kNi ur nkc jH "o jxv 4kxgj e;kd ji rkc huiv e ]kgd u 0c T s w s w Z wa T s q 2g k;D jRm df g kryp Cgu hg kri kd jRm d 0c jkv , , s q , 2g Cgu hg rNi jGf o ]g rkt gj hg ip o 4kxn jRm e ]kuNi jGf ]kv T s w s T s q s wa T w s kt kg ip sygi ]g rgd 0qc 4g rNi ]g rkv o 4g kr[n tkj7tkj e Fkl s q T s T s w T s s wa s s s T d kxky kLdl g; ]g kvg Cgu hg Fkl je g; jkv 2kxkg Cgu hg kd uN s X s X \ , , q s s , s s s i lki jr nkc jH "o dfk;D ]kusy Ni hHv kr kg kuNi jxv ]g krgd sl w s s Z X w s s w wa >r e 2Cgu k;nf jRm sukgüm ]Cgu kNi sue 2g Cgu Nd hg kd uNi lki q T X w T , q s s w je ]g Cgu Nd >e kuNi ]kgd sue kr `g kuNi ]gd l>e go nkc jH " s s , q s q w T s , w s s q Z o ]k;x kg ip ct e dfk;D ]re kuLi e rkc lb r 4g rkc hd [k/ sLc s q T X \ X w , s s \ g; 4kxn jRm e kr kuNi jGf jkv 4kvkt kg ip jkv kvkt dQ "o dS wa T s w , s s q , s Z ]kgd l>e sukgüm 4kF k;kv suNwi gjr hlb lki d 0c oi "o Nd hH Te s q X s q Z w Z q
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044 fo 403 egaP

tf 2g krkv Cgu rv jkv 4g /cl kd jRm jkv uæi /cl kd ñxe Lv g , a , , a a , z a a q s a o 2g ryduf jRm jGf l uæi ]g ryduf uæi jGf l jRm ]g kryduf j T s s z T s z s , Rm l uæi l,o 6g ryduf Lv jGf l ñxe jkv g hryduf ñxe l Lv slt s z s T s s a s q , , q s s a , 2g Cgu jRm ]j , Rm Bkd 2g s;df L[ uæi ;u ucl ];x s;nf jRm urtf e k;ufn dr cv s T s \ z s s s s X q 4kxy jd kni ukrl h;u go 4g kry jd kni rfrl h;u uæi ]g kryef j s , a , s , a z , Rm dr ct ]g jRm kt kd kuæi df kxyp kri kr ;kt k[n l jkx jxv , s X z s s s s s , 2xjd kL[ uæi s;u jRm jg 2x;kt kg L[ uæi jkt s X \ z s X s s \ z g jkv jRm ln d kuæi ln 2xX;kt kg L[ uæi ln nkc d jRm lm 4kx; , s X z s s s \ z s s kt k;nf jRm dS ];Nfi uæi dS 2kxkg k;df Cgu uk;÷ uikv hHd g; ]S s w z s s yflb g kryef jRm ]g krht uæi `kx;ht sld uæi kydv3s;kt gj uæi , , z s , z s z kydv jGf ];kt jxf jRm cl 4;kt kg /"uf cl ]s;kt jxf cl3Cgu hH g s X s s s ; ]Cgu hH g; ]Cgu 4;kt kg rfsu7rfsu ]X;kt jxf jRm cl 4X;kt jxf jRm s s cl df g Syfhlb cl go ]g kgj kt kgd Syf d tk[ jkv klkKtf skt g; , , s s , 4kxkg kdp kt uæi ygi rgc dlm ]kxskg s q z s q s jRm unf ltf 4krdl kg Cgu jRm kuukt dr cr ]jrhH g uæi dr ct s , z 4kvg Cgu hHd hg uyef kd kukn ub uæi jkv jRm ]kuy [j e uk;÷ kr q X s z , s X s 4kvg Cgu hH q d hg kuyef kdub 2g rkt kg knof hg ygi rgc uæi cr ]g krkv jRm T s s s q z , ct jkv 4g Cgu jRm dr cr ]g krNi uæi Bkd dr ct Syflb 4g krkv , , , w z s , Rpf F¬o¬ cr ]g krkt kyp Rpf <≈Q ct 4g krkg Cgu uyef kd Rpf F , , s ¬o¬ jkv Rpf <≈Q dfk;D ]g krkg Cgu hHd uyef kd uæi jkv jRm 4xkg , X , s z , s X jRm hg ikv ]F¬o¬ kxkg Rpf 4g uæi hg ikv Syflb ]Rpf g <≈Q g; cv s T z , 4g srkt T kg jRm hg ikv ]g rkt pc hg ikv 4g Cgu krkv jRm go udfy 4g jR s T s , s , m hgo jkv 4g kt ]hgo kx;kt gj e rv 4sx;kt jxf jRm cl ]uæi cl sr , , s s X a X z Nwi7rNi e xkv hd klkKtf ohr lb ]kx;kt yef Cgu jRm kdikv 9 4g u s w X z s s wa , T kd e8 df Nwi ikv df g kgj gd likv e jkv 4g kgj n Cgu jRm Bkd Te X wa s T , wa s s 4g , krkt kyp hg jko† kd uNi ]g krkt Ief rkiUfl df kgt ]g kgo 9kuukt8 s w , a , a 4g jRm d kuæi s;x Ni e rkiUfl cl T s X z s w X ]eI¬lf hd gjr jktg hjkl jkv uZ'n kjkl jkv _¬k' kjkl 4g Bx h[yf , , , e rkiUfl hGlkyGf hjkl jkv g uæi ;x Ni e rkiUfl uæi jkl d ;‘ue X , T z s s w X z s s q 4g hrkt kg e®[ rkc go 2k;D eg Ni ]hF hgj Cgu hg L\m Ik[ , s X X w ]g krgd henkv kr 4sxn jRm eg kr g hgj Lm kgd Ik[ ]kNi df g srg , s X s , \ a s w T d llm ikv cv 4g krkt kv Auqi e 'kg go ]g hrskg kl®dfpf hdlm jkv s , X s , ,
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044 fo 503 egaP

m ]g kryp kri ygi 4g krkt jxf hH uæi jGf `gj kL[ jkgl sdldf uæ , s , z s \ s i jGf kr g rkt jxf jRm cl ct e j[fkv 4hxs;kt pgi dr <{ d uy z s T s X qa s s t hH hrkc kr ]sx;kt yt jRm hHl ct e j[fkv ]xX;kt gj Cgu dhO jR s X X s m hHl ct ]Cgu kri kd uæi udfy 2Cgu dhO jRm hH g; ]Cgu dhO jR s z s m hH g; ]Cgu dhO jRm hH g;3g rkjxf kd kjRm ygi uæi hg slß dhO T s s X s z 4hx;k s t yt n[ e rv jkv hxs;kyt kd yr hrkc ]hxyt hrkc udfy 4hx;kt skg q X a , s s s s s [kj jkv hxsyt hrkc jGf ]kvg hyk[ k;hn 4kxs;kt kg rîkel jdyt yr , q s s jH rkj 4g hgj kyt kd yr jkv g hgj jd k{j huiv hrkc hHv 4hxyt , s s , , s hrkc jGf ]kvg e®[ hg l,t yr dfk;D ]hx;kt kg k;®ge®kv 4g hgj jd u q s s X s s wa tk;kv kd rke hg huiv jdkyt kd yr e df g Cgu hH kri kd hrkc lb s , s s T , s 4kxLi kuyt lm jGf kr kx; s \ s s s kt yt yr ct 4g hgj kyc rke huiv go jdkyt kd yr df kxskg Cgu h s , q , s s H kri lm ]k;kyt kd yr jkl su hrkc ltf 4g hrxy uyt hrkc jGf ]g s s s s , s , krkt kg e®[ yr ct 4g hrxy uyt hrkc jGf ]g krkt yt yr jGf 4g s s , s , s T srkyt yr kjk} hrkc jH rkj 4g krkt kryt yr ]g krkt krPp yr ji h s , s , \ s rkc 4g kryt yr ]hryt Cgu hrkc udfy 4Bg W' huyt hrkc hd k;hn ]k , s s q q ;kyt k;hn dS 4Sbkyt k;hn dS 4hH d uæzi e rv jGf jkv ]g krkt ky s X a , , p jiM d kjRm jkl e j[fkv go ]g htkj kd uNi dr erfv kt udfy s X s X , s s w a s s 2kjd e®[ lc ]g k s , uNi k;D jkv sxkv cv 4kxkg hg; df k;yf uke ueg 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd w , s s s tk[ cv ]g rgd o ]l ujd jkdho¬ jRm dfk;D ]g rjd jkdho¬ jRm hl s T s s s s X T s ykv jkv jkted 4g rkt yp rNi kd kuæi o 4rjd Cgu jkdho¬ jRm xk , s T s s s w s X z s s s y hyk'yc ]g rjd jkdho¬ jRm xky jkted Glf 4g kujd Cgu hg jkdho T s s s Z , ¬ kr jRm 4dr kehl lm g kuNi ]Cgu 4xX;kt yp rkuc uæi s;u kr jRm s , w s s s z s `g ukd ukoxH `h;kuc k;D ke®kv u ukoxH , , X s `h;kv l kgd ke®kv `Cgu df g hrje ke®kv df xNi eg kr k;yf jd j s a , s X w s kdho¬ jxv jkv 2er kg ke®kv ]kxgd ue 4x;kt kg L[ uæi ;u jGf ]kx , q s s s X s s \ z s je Cgu hHd uæi l ujd jkdho¬ d kjRm dfk;D ]kujd jkdho¬ re kd k s z s s s X X s X jRm um 4g ukd df g eyke jv ]kxgd ue 4x;kv yp jRm e phc7phc wa , , w s s s X s X s l hn¥t 4;kt yp rNi ]X;kt syp rNi 4g ukd ]g ukd3e g ukd3;kt X s s w s w wa , wa , T wa , X s w rNi df jrhH suiv Sgfkp klkKtf zohr g; `ld kxIN kdum ]g Cgu hg k s , s w , Ni sukgütf 4g kNi ukgütf ]g krdl IN kd Cgüm hH kuNi udfy 4Sgfkp k w X , w s X , w w s uIwN hH kuNi Syf d jRm lß 4g krdl kv Cgu l uNi jRm klß udfy w s s , s s w s 4g krpc Cgu kd uNi sxkv dltf ]g IehI¥v ]g drfa;®kv ]g erfv kt , s s w s , s , , a s ]g hdlm hjkeg tk[ `g krdl kg jRm go ]g krkv Cgu rv kd jRm l , s , s , a
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044 fo 603 egaP

jd df ]g hgj gd Nd rfÎi hdikv ]Zxluf kdikv 4g gj Lkr e kl¬gf kn X , q z T s s\ X X s s s kd uiv ikv 4kxrht dx√l,u jkv kxjkg e_fÎ kr hxkg ct BkLy hd e_ s , s s s \ fÎ jkv dx√lu 4kxkg Cgu 0lf rcte g; ]kxkg e_fÎ kt 4kxkg 0lf rc , , s w s s s w te go ]kxkg dx√lu kt 4g e_fÎ g; ]g Cgu dx√lu g; ]kxWd Cgu /k∂ s , s , , , a s e df g gj y ikv g; jkv 4kF dx√l,u g; ]kF k;yf Cgu hHd suikv g; T T s s , `kxWd /k∂ e df kF k;yf ro g; uikv hHd `e hxntf kF k; a s T z s X a yf suikv hHd i¥dl g; ]kxWd /k∂ e df kuy >el l uk;÷ kLkF hH kd a a s T s s s\ s lb cv 2kxWd df g krgd o®rDf;ø kjln jkv kxaWd Cgu ]g krgd o®rD a , w , , f;ø dS 4g krkt II o®rDf;ø elm ]g krkg utk;kv kt ]Gky[f suiv jkv , w X , s s s , 2Gky[f hg uiv `g s wa kgj jd Gky[f dldf 2/k∂ kxWd Cgu yd df g krk[ eld e l jkt h s s a wa T s s g urm ]kxWd /k∂ yd df g lkoæof kdDi >qe l jkt urtf jkv 4g kri s a s , s s s s , , rfkH7hyH 4kxWd /k∂ hH yd e ]g kri >e 2g rkt ;df Gky[f hg ui a a s T , s q T s s s v cl e;uf ]rzo ]<_;uf `Gky[f d jln hldf `g gj y Gky[f dldf a s s w T s s s i¥dl 2g krsy i¥dal go Gky[f d hlm ]g kyko ujd /k∂ e yd df g k a , s wa s s T , rukt henkv go cr ]kxWd Cgu /k∂ l yd e df g krgd henkv dS ct a s s T , `g k{kdkv ]g kui¥d ]g k'kv hd u , a , , s yduf l jkohn kdlm hH yd jkv `g kgj kryduf l jkohn henkv g; k; s s , , s D df x[n jddkp cl ikv kr kxyduf Cgu l jkohn ];kt kg hH Nd gkp s X s T s wa s s s q s ]g k;yf jd kdDi ydycf ue l yd df3g kgd kt ue g kvg kL[ e j , q s T s , s s T , q \ X nfe henkv dS jxv jkv 4g ryduf hg l tkojn 4Cgu hg ryduf hHd sl a , T s s s s jkohn df g rukt ikv dfk;D ]g h;k[ Cgu eld hHd uikv 2kxyduf hg T s X , s wa s l stkojn ]kxyduf Cgu l jkohn cv l tkv df g h;k[ eld hHd uikv wa s s , s 4kxy Cgu ro go kr g s z s , Cgu hg kukg /k∂ l yd df g kri lm jxv 4kxy i¥dl Syfhlb ]kxjd g s s s , s s a s o df g ewyke lm `u g krgd Syfhlb ]kxjd /k∂ go df g kri slm `g , s , s s , , krgd k;D klß go ]kxWd Cgu /k∂ e l tkv df g krgd g; henkv kt X a s T s , s ]rkc hygi 4kxkg dhO ku>el güb 4kLi eyke /kjof güm e krkc kuskn ub s X \ w s X X X X 2 Sgfkp hukg rDf' hd i¥dl df g rgd ikv Gjr hjln jkv Sgfkp kujd s a T s w , Cgu i¥dl klß df g rgd g; ikv kr Gjr dS df g kNi ukgüm 4kxWd a T s s , w s X a Cgu /k∂ e l tkv df3Sgfkp kuy Cgu ro Bkd ]i¥dl Bkd ]<_;uf Bkd s T s s z s a s a s ]e;uf Bkd kd nfk;®b Hsky ]/k∂ ]g krgd e df g kNi u _ef jln dS s s wa T , w s s w 4kgd ue Syf d tk[ jkv klkKtf Sy s T s s , flb ]g oHuv jRm hHl jkv 4g kt ]g krkt gj hgo skr rgj Cgu jRm j T q , , s , s , s kv rgj Cgu uæi ct jkv 2g F;ø hH uæi ]g kryp kri jGf 6g ryx jR z , , Z z , ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 703 egaP

4g hryG jkv g hrkg rlfdof ]g hreüt l rfÎi , , , , s , s z hH go 2hH >el g Cgu hdikv go 4g hd rfÎi hH >el 4g iW kjgx sl , , z , jgx jkv ]erugx hd rfÎi hH >el dfk;D ]g hyk'rDf' knk;† l rfÎi s , z X , s z ]>el hd rfÎi3hx;kt kv >el hji hd rfÎi unf ltf jkv `g k;D /k∂ z s w z , , s `rfÎi hje g k;D df kd rfÎi ky >el 4kuy re ;<uf ]g krgd e kr z s , s z s s Z wa T s 4g jkted k'eg ;<uf ]g hLc rfÎzi , s s Z , \ 4Cgu kd ;<uf d ;‘que ]g ykol kd <jrkiW d rfÎi hd ;‘ue Z s , a s z q 4hxkg k;®g hH e nCu ]kx;kt kjke kjN hH e nCu ]kxy s X s q X s p /k∂ hH e nCu 4kxkg kxkt hH e nCu go 4g ue kLc rgc go ]g h;k[ s X s X , \ q , Cgu eld su ue ltf jkv 4g ue kl7kIkN rgc go ]g h;k[ eld u ue , , s q , s ltf dfk;D `kxgj Cgu k;D kri e nCu udfy `kxgj kri kd kro ]xgd X s X X s s X z s X ikv `kxkg kri kd ro e nCu skdikv 2k;x kg rLf[ ro kdikv tkv jkv s z X s a z , 4sxjd Cgu /k∂ l yd df hy k[ eld uikv hHv 4kxs;kt gj Cgu hH kr X s s s i e ue dikv ]kd rzo dikv `hje g rdkr3g hL[ jrhH jkeg rfÎi u X s s s , , \ s z rpv kt go `g k;D rdkr hdlm ]g hgd rkc hjkl ueg e ue urp ltf s s , T X s X s `g cyre k;D kd Ri lb 4xXLm Cgu cv df g , s s \ T s s ry roq<v eg cv ]Cgu cv df sx;k[ eld djd kuFki e jnfe jdLkt z X s Z z X a s\ Fkg jdkt jkv lki d ufe hldf ]lki d hlk;ül hldf xyp yd 4g rjd , s q s a s X T s kdDi cv l yd udfsy 6k;x II tkv ]kxgd e ue jGf ]hxyp kog jGf 4kx;kt jx s w s X s s f kRi ]hxs;kt hyp kog ct 2kxsxy uLm kRi ]kog hxs;kv kjt `g hyko u s \ , s gj eld Bkd hd Ri [l 4hxgj eld hdlb kgd cr ]hxyp Skog jkv hx s s s w s a X a , s Om h/kv jkv rkok>> kd rfÎi jxv 2g hurdf rdkr hdlb ]g kRi k[wl a , a z , , df g Cgu kri kd Ri jkv 4g kgj k[ kRi eld udfy 4g kgj k[ eld , s s , , s , Gky[f d Cgüm 4g kLi kuLm ]g hyp kog hH ct ]g oHuv kukji kd Ri s , \ \ , , q q s s `sxLm Cgu df g kgj k[ k;D eld kRi ud X \ , X fy 4sxLm Cgu cv ]g rk[ eld ]g kLi ji uhet ]g dhO 4g kgj xy kdD s X \ T s , \ , , i kd Ri 4g hgj yp Cgu kog hHv 4g kgj k[ eld ji dLl kRi k[wl 2 s s , , \ Cgu sxLm ];kt kg hH Nd gkp l yd ]g rk[ eld cv 4xLm Cgu cv ]g X \ s s q s s T s s X \ T rk[ eld ]g krgd kRi k[l go jkv g hgj yp Cgu kog hHv 4g kLi s , w , , , \ ji uhet kRi k[l dS lt 4gjr hd kRi [l kx;kt Lm kgd Cgu kri i w s , X s w s \ a ¥dl cr ]kxs;kv rkok>> kd /k∂ ct yd 4g Cgu ;¥e Bkd kdlb 4g Nd a a s , w s T q 7ku rgc i¥dl s; dikv jkv g ukoyc rgc rfÎi df g Cgu kri kdikv q a s , , q z , s 2xjd Cgu /k∂ eg cv ]Cgu df g k s X s , gj gd Rpf ;ürp ]Lbke l'kd kdikv ]0fc Bg h[hl hdikv jkv /k∂ x , a a q q , s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 803 egaP

4g krki jd Cgu ;r hHd g; 4 , g krykL henkv g; 2kF kNπv rgc kr ryp ji hlb ]g hgj kt Bg hryx , s q s s , q df g krxy ugd r'rfi lkpum 2;kt yp hg s;kn 2r'rfi kn3g h;x skg , s z X s a z s , Cgu kr yH Cgd df g krxy kr ]g k;x end lhpπi ln3kyp s;kn df kg s w , s , s a j e xkenf r'rfi lkpum dfk;D 4g krkt kyp s;kc go jGf 4skyp ;kn d X z X , a s a f g krgd xkenf r'rfi lkpum ]kyp syp ;kc ]kyp df g krgd xkenf , z s s a s , r'rfi lkpi 4g ;<uf dIf∂keL ]g ;Z<uf kd ñIkte df kuke go g krkg z , Z s s s , s , s ;<uf kt jrhH dlm kr ]s;kn df Mkt ;kc e df g krgd henkv dS ct Z s s s a a s a T , 4kxkg okxy s Bkd kjkeg Nhi dltf ]g kd thp hlm rLkN eg dfk;D 2g krLkN thp k s s s T s s s\ X wa s\ a yG e df krgd Cgu hH g; go 2krjd Cgu hH okup 4g krjd hgo go ]g T q , , krxy dhO kt kd k<ki ji dlm 4g krjd g; jkv g krkg rD; e df g s s X z s w s wa , wa s q T , krgd g; go 4krjd Cgu hH okup ]krjd Cgu hH lbkoπ henkv klo 4g kg q , , j kg klß df g krgd go 4kxWd klß e df g krgd Cgu klß henkv jGf s , a T , 4g hrxy u , s jd ekd hgo 4g hd ke®keji kt ]rDf' hgo ]ktM hgo g cyre kd i¥dal , s Z , 4g krkt gj i¥dl ji ukg knof l ki¥dof , a s s s X 4g i¥dl jrhH dlm ]Cgu hg rOm i¥dof e Rpf d henkv ltf , a s s X s 4;x gj Cgu i¥dof jrhH dltf g Fv kd i¥dal jr s s , Z hH dlm 2g krkt kg go ]g krgkp kt3ekd kji kdlm 4aWd e klß ]kg kl s , s , s w T s ß df g rL\i suy Cgu ;<uf dlm ]g krkt kg go ]g rgkp <ki jwi dlm T s s Z s , s T s z s s hH kt jkv 4jrhH dlm g hrkg rDf' i¥dl 4g krLi Cgu kuy i¥dl sl s , s , s a , \ s a m cr ]g krkg W' i¥dl jrhH d ;‘que cr ]g rkt jxf i¥dof7i¥dal c , s q a s T s l ct e ylv 4l uy i¥dl g hrkg Cgu rlfdof rDf'7i¥dl 4g hrkg <h X s s s a , s a , s { rDf'7i¥dl hg hurm ]sxy i¥dl ikv kurtf df g g; hg cyre kdlm a X a , `g cyre k; , D kdlm kr `Sgfkp rDf'7i¥dl ]g rgd ikv udfy df g kNi ukgüm jGf s a T s s , w s X 4g kuy Cgu , s i¥dl ]g kuukt 4g hg klo g; ];kjdI l jkohn jkv g hy[ [kv 4g hg a , , , X s , T q X a , klo go ]X;kt yp e kIkd jkv g hy[ [kv 4kujxf e ∏x Sg rukt slt ] , s X X a , T q X a X s q s , , g hg lß go 4g oHlv kujd /k∂ nkc d u>el dfk;D 2kxWd ld /k∂ k s , a s s s X a s , s s r k;x kv kdke jxv yd3h;x kg ydæfe hLc cv ]kxgd g; go ]g kry , s q \ s , s >el kd /k∂ jrhH uiv hH kt 2kxWd ld /k∂ kr kxs;kt kv kdke jxv s s s s a s , s s , 2kxWd ld /k∂ cv ]k;x /k∂ df g krgd g; go 4kxWd Cgu /k∂ Te c a s , s s , a s v df krgd Cgu g; go 4g krk[ Cgu eld go ]g kry ukpgi kd Rpf sj , , s s i ]g krkt kg dWxkt ]g kry >el kd rfÎi hji hd Rpf uiv rDf;ø kt w , s , s s z w s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 903 egaP

Glf 4g hrkt sy jkv Cgu hrNi go 4g hrkv rke kr 2Cgu df je df ;ki Z , , w , , s X s jd Cgu ;r jkv dr k"o kLdl ]k"o ]xgj Li ne je/v henkv 4;kt skg , ˜ X \ , ˜ s X s \ q s s ydæfe hL\c kr Cgu `Cgu df g rgkp kuje ikv 4g hrkv ]Cgu hrNi sli q s T s , w kv rke kr go 4kg dhO go n;k' ]ky jd hH g; ]kxgj krgd kd jrhH k , s s s s l¬gf Nd 4g Cgu kyko sukg ;<uf kdDi dfk;D ]x;ki jd Cgu Nd jH hxn q , s Z X s X q tf kr ]kxWd Nd hg djd ;<uf kdDi e df y jd ;r g; hH ikv jxv a s a q s Z T X 2ji thp hIkN jg ]e xkenf g 9jkv7jnB8 2sugi hLkl hl ukd df g hgj ki jd s X , \ , , Cgu ;r go kr 2dr jiM l sphu3e hIi g k;Lfkl rgc dfk;D ]g hgj ki s s X s T a \ q X , jd Cgu ;r go jkv 2g ykol kd hLkl ]g xky urb ji u'I¬ ]Cgu kd h , , \ T s s s Lkx ykol ]g hrgd hu®i 4g hrkt hdp hLkx df g kgj ktc ukg jgkc rfi \ , , w \ , Z `g krdl kg /çyim kd i¥dl ld henkv , s s a s , klß 2g kgj kt ;k[ kd xkenf rDo ji 9jkv7jnB8 go 2g krykduf hH sl , s s s w , m jGf ]g krkg kL[ uekl d uBkv jdugi jGf ]g krykduf hjln jGf 6g , s \ s s s , w , kr[j kdlm ]g krykduf dS kr henkv g krugi dr thed 2g krgj kr s , s , , ykL e thp jg ]g krgj krykL rDo jg 2Gjr kuskn g krykL k'eg jkv s X , s X , s s , 2go k; g; 3g krgd k'eg d‘r¬fe3kvg kjH l i¥dof ]g d‘r¬fe skt g; , s q s , 2Sgfkp kujd Cgu df Sgfkp kujd df kgj krkxy ckl gf e ]kgd sulm `kgd ;x er ];kv djd jn rgc er 4g dp kg Lc hH T a s q s s s q q T s q s s \ s pπc dlm ]g kdp kg hH gkoof kr kd hdLy df kyp kri cr 4k;x go s , q s s \ jGf 2hnk' Sgfkp huy jd df k;ki jd kdDi go cr 2;x kg ;≈k; hnk' p s s s s s πc7dLy dlm ]Bx kg hnk' hd hdLy dr cr 2kgj krpkl dr ykl ln 2 s \ s s \ s a Wd u k; Wd hnk'3k;x kg kL[ 9jkv7jnB8 jkv 4k;x kg ei l hdLy dS a s \ , s zs s \ 2e thp hIkN jg3g gj k X s T s t 9jkv7jnB8 go ]kF krky¥pf okx kjkl 2go k; g;3g 9jkv7jnB8 eku kd a , ltf ]g h[yf ckrdf dS ulm 2Mkt r¬kj lm df Mkt r¬kj lb df g kg , s a s a s , j pkl jkv g kL[ ji r¬jkp 4kF kLkN [j 9jkv7jnB9 eku kdlm u kxky s , , \ s , s\ s X s d okx lm ]kF krgj e okx ltf go 4Lkxdhd kF djkpof kLc rgc dS s a X a Z Z \ q 2g k , rgj kryp hg; e xkenf dum 4kjd g; ]kjd g;3g rgj rjd i¥dof jr X s s s T s s juf jkv 2g rkt gj r[n hg kykr jd Iky7Iky jH hxntf xky Nqd 2hx; a , T s s s , , a s s kt kg rykg hg; nkc end ln jGf jd[n jdIky df krukt Cgu g; hen s s , kv go udfy 2Xy [n jdIky yp ]g /≈nfl df g krgd kl¬gf kjlwn udfy s s , X , a , s 4kF kr k[n df g krgd kl¬gf dS `kF k[n Cgu df kF k[n ]g krgd x s s , s s , kenf dfXk;D 2Cgu df g kxy l dhO kykr df y [n jdIky l jGf df g , s X s , s , krkv yk;[ nkc d end ln ]g ryduf jdkxy ykr e j? df g xsky slß s T s s X T
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 013 egaP

4hg; lc df g krOm jo¬ hg dS kgt ]g Cgu oIfujI¥ , a , s v Bkd kgt ]g Cgu i¥dof kgt g Fv kd i¥dl 4g k;x II kjkl o®rDf;ø s a , a , Z a , w df sx;ki ikv Arrv jkv 4hxII eld tkj7tkj jkv xy eld ikv tkj7t X a , s w s s , s X s kj dfk;D ]hxkg <h{ rDf' i¥dl llb ]kxs;kt Pc i¥dl llb df ku>el s X s a s \ a s re g; ikv 4Cgu hxPc ]hxkg ed rDf' i¥dl hdikv 4g gj jd kL[ i s \ s a T s \ ¥dof ikv 2kx;hi Cgu df g gj jd i¥dof kjln ikv Gky[f d hlm ]kx; wa T s w s wa hi Ijxlf e df g kgj gd ue dS 4g gj jd kL[ i¥dof ikv 2kx;hi Cg s T , T s \ wa u Ijxlf ]g krk[ eld e ]kxgj jdLkN Ijxlf e df kg rgd ikv udfy s wa T wa s\ s T s s s 4g rkt kg rDe l i¥dof kt ]g krkg /çyim güm i¥dal T s s q s s , s X 4g krkg ukoi¥dl Rpf klS 4krkg Cgu jo¬ h/kjof Bkd Xelb ] , s a s s s s go jkv g; df 4g krkg jRm kd <ki hg dS 4LIxIfb ]yIkI <ijfi hgo , , s z s zs a s Z w ]g kt 4g rkt kg rîkel kukn go7g; kgt ]g krpgi e k'n hlS Rpf ct , s T s s X s a , qa X s 4ukoi¥dof3g k , rkygd Rpf i¥dof ]Rpf kyko suykL klsS 2g krykL ji kukn jkv 2go k; s , s X s , g;3g krpkl e 9jkv7jnB8 k'eg Rpf df g Fv hg dS k'eg kd kryp , s X s , Z s p hd Rpf 4g Cgu Fv Bkd kd krypp hd Rpf lm ]g Rpf kt kjkeg go a , Z s a , s 2kF k;kyc S q yf d ukoOm lb s>r kr sue 4kxWd Cgu rkc hlS knbkv e hxntf jkv 4j s s s q s T a s a X a , i jlf je sn kOm kØx g; Glf ]g Cgu ekd Bkd jkv 2ji jlf je sn kOm s s Z , s , s s g; ]g kgj n Bk[nf kØx kt g; 4kF krLi Cgu Bk[nf Bkd ji r¬kj df Sy , s s \ s s flb k;kyc udfy ]jWt k;kyc s>r sue ]jgO7jgO 2s;x je ]kgd u Pw\c lm q s q q T s s 4g hryp y gér kyp ]gxt hjln hF hgj kt wa s X q s w e ];x yef ji r¬kj tkv ]kF krkyc l unf rgc r ]g rke e ]kgd ulm T s s q s q w wa , T s `g ukd r ]kgd u jkgL\dy , , w s s 2g h;x kv e ]kgd u wa T s lm h;kv lki dlm rke kr 4yp rsy kdlb kyp ]g krkyc l unf rgc kj s , s X s s s , q s q kpc g; ]kgd ]hy ul sulm 4hF hrjtqx l r¬kj lm rke df rkc hd ;≈kH s q s s , 2Cgu rjWt hd ugj >e cv ]y kOm s s q s s q s >e kr cv ]ukoxH g ]kgd sulm jddI kØx kd k;Lfdy jdkv gxt dS s s X \ ]g henkv kPc ]g k;kv wp kuhli ]g jkH ji jlf3k;kv kyp rkP hL\dy hH , w\ , , s s tkv `kxgj krjd hg; jH hxnatf 2h;x kg ckj[ hxntf rkP7rkP hLdy k wa s a s s s s \ ;D g; 2l k;ufn ky kOm ]kykL jke er s>e ]ukoxH g ]kF krgd jkc Bd s q s s q q s tkj7tkj cr ]kF krIky jdIkd hLdy l yxt kjkgLdy dS ]g kuql uTe s s , \ s a \ , s 2g kujd k;D kdikv df Cgu hrNi leg go df , s w s X k;D ]g rgj rhH;H llm eg Syflb 4Cgu hrNi leg go dfk;D ]g krxy T s s w s X , jL knk;† lcl kd rke Syflb jkv 4g hrn Cgu i¥dof Bkd kdikv rke s , , , s s s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 113 egaP

4g Cgu k/kc Bkd Syf d i¥d , s s al 4g krkt kg hgo ]g krgkp kt i¥dl jkv 4g rfF¬f hd i¥dl cr ]g kr , s , s a , , a , jH l jo¬ dS Bkd ct 4Rpf xel ]yIkI ]kji kd kji 4Lbke LIxIfab g k s s z s w w a s zs , rkg cyre kd i¥dl `g krkg k;D cyre kd i¥dl 4i¥dl g rgd kdlb s a , s a a T s s 2hIky Cgu Nhi kr h;x jgkc kt l , s s s koæ hdlm jkv hd nc [kv jkc dS ulm jkv 4Cgu hH kx[n jdIky Gjr , a a s , wa s , hjr e kjkckn jGf 4e®[ rkc kr kg rul Cgu 4ky ul kr kg rul ]g kr s T s s s s q s q s s s q wa jkdi jkc dS ]kgd ulm jkv kvg kL[ jdLkt Fkg jkv k;kv kr Gn hy q s , q \ s\ , s s gi tkv eyke u ]kgd u hjkti d jnfe 4k;x kg kØdb okx kjkl kd kjkl w s q s a s a 2k;x kg k;D g; ]kgd u ikc s s 2e jnfe g kLi kvg kje X a , \ q kdLy kjkgér df hn jc[ jdLkn su Xkxky d okx rkj jkv unf lm udfy \ q ,\ s s a , s 2g krjd rkc k;D tkv jkv jnfe Cgu k;x hHd 2g yxki df klg ikc , X , a , a `ld rIky kr Cgu 4Cgu hg s;x jnfe ikv ]kgd su Isc lm s , s , s a s `g hrkg k/kc , s Xe uIky l ukt jnfe Bkd 4g krIky tkj e `kg s;x kg yxki ]kgd u ikc s , s s a s wa , s T s s s 2kxIky ld j? kr g kgj kt jnfe ct 4g Gkl cyre ]kgd ulm wa , s , s wa a , s `kjr g k;D cyre ]kgd u ikc s , s 4g kgj kt dfk;D ]g ydæfe kuIky ]kgd ulm wa X , q , s `g rkc k;D hd uN <jp elb ]kgd u ikc , s w X s 4g krN <jp dikv ]g k;x kv wa w s , unf kd <je¬ tkv n;k' 4g kgj kt jnfe e df kgd jkv SN <jp d kr wa a T , q s if uiv 4kOm kPc kd "o Oli go 4hF Okx"o CoOli hdlm nkc ykl pki s w\ Z T a Z T a 4kxWd Cgu kjkckn 2Glf jkc dS 4kxWd jkc dS e 2kg gj kt y a s Z a T s s s p ;df hH jGf3g kgj kg Cgu jkv ]kg gj jd tkj7tkj jkv g hgo hH < s , s , s s s s , , je¬ ]kg Cgér hH yko sujd3kvg Cgu jkc hygi ct 2kg gj jd hgo ]jkc s q s q s s uhr jGf ]jkc kn `u kg gj jd kr hgo 4krkg k;x kg hg jkc hygi kr kF s s s s s s s kukg ct `g k;D kn;kG l ujd jkc7jkc kd <je¬ hlm kr kvg Cgu kGn s , s s s s q hygi ct jkv kF k;df <je¬ kGn hygi ct uer 2kg chtv Lc er jkv , s q s s \ q , 2Cgu kr kvg Nd 2kg rjd <je¬ kd s q q s s ukoxH dr ek' l gcl ]l k"o g kgj [sn e gér `g k;D cyre sl ujd s q s ˜ wa T X q , s <je¬ jkc7jkc dfk;D 2Cgu jkc7jkc 6jkc dS ]unf dS kxWd df ]kgd u X a s sIc Pw\c lm3kxkg kd ykl hl¬v ikc ]kF hH go kPc kd "o Okl3su Isc lm s s s w\ Z s 2jd <je¬ kd ukoxH jkv LkN r k// g; , s\ w a `kxgj k>ym e <jdk;ø lb suiv r df kgd llm kr Bg Okx"o CoOkl s X w s s q a Z ct hdlm u ikc dlm 4kvg krkK kd <jdk;ø kLc rgc dS kRc e ykxc s s q \ q , q X a
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044 fo 213 egaP

4g ydæfe kutk[ henkv kd e;uf kucf kn , q s k;† l jhokge 4g Cgu ydycf henkv d e;uf 4g henkv d e;uf Lc df s T q s T s s \ g krLi eyke klS kr ]kd <‘Î k; kd llht ][n kd 0c ][n kd jhokge , \ w s s s s X s s q X s s 4Gjr kjkp g krLi Bk[nf eg kr hg; 4g hrLi eyke rkc hIym hLc g; X , \ X s , \ w \ 4sxdl kuc hro u ]xdl kuc he; X z s X uf u 4sxdl kuc Cgu he;l hH hHd ro jkv e;uf ]e;l ]ku[j uk;÷ jkv X a z , a , 4kuy e;uf ]kuy e;l ]kuy ro kr kg hujd I‘u cl g s s a s z s s o ]hd xLVI¬jLv ]hd doof g hiNf jrhH d ;‘ue kt ]kejfx go ]ktM g T a s , s q s Z o jxv 6kg kuk[ 'kdi kjkl kd 0fc ]kd doof 6kg kuk[ ojkx kjkl jxv s s z q s s s , 4g hxk;gl L\c nfkv ro ]e;uf kr kg huki krLt hg y T s s z s s \ dycf jxv 4g rkt sy e k'nf hd sujd ne ]kd 0fc huiv ]kd d‘r¬fe u q T s X a s q s s iv henkv lS 6kxWd klß ]kxWd Cgu klS df g krjd "?l ]g krk[ el s s a a s , Z a , d ]g kry ro hHv kt jkv 4g kgj yp xk;i kd 0fc7ne ji eku d e/ , s z s , , s z q a s Z 4g hrLi huk[ Cgu eld ]hd e;uf ]hd e; T \ X a s l kd uke0fc 4g e;l ;o¬ huke0fc 4rLi uy Cgu ro l xyv Syflb q , a a q s \ s s z s kd kxky uke0fc 4g ro a;o¬ huke0fc dfk;D 4kry Cgu ro hHd uke0fc s X s q , z q X s z q 2g rsy ro 0fc7ne ]0fc7L\t Glf 4rki uc Cgu >el e;uf 4g hrkt uc T s z q a q Z s , e;uf >el 4g krjd rlfdof kd >el ]kry Cgu e;uf hHd henkv jkn> , s s el 4g rsy >elku Glf e;uf 4g kvg rDe Bkd hHd hg l >el 4xkvkt T s Z , q q s s s s kg rDe hg r>el 4k>el kd ekd ]kd /k∂ 4ky re ro ]g kgj gd g; Te s q s s s s s s z wa 4 g kvg Cgu rDe l ekd ]Hsky ]/k∂ Bkd hHd l e;uf jkv ro 4xkgj >y , q q s s s s , z s s s m hg e ekd 4sxkgj rjd hg /k∂ er nkc d uy e;uf jkv ro df g kgj X s s s q s s s , z wa gd g; e 4kgd Cgu hHd sue 2kjd xy dhO kt jkv ky re e;uf ]ky r T T s s s , s s e ro ]g kgj gd l kxky e kr 4g kgj jd xk;i Syf dcl ub3sd ujrm z wa s X s T s wa s z s s e kulko ]hd ujd /k∂ kd kxky e df e d¥e ji g rk>el hlk;üal7/kl X s s s X s T X q s w T s q 4g Cgu kuy ro hg e ujd i¥dl dfXk;D , s z X s a 4kjd ]kg kujd hH kt 4kjd /k∂ ]g krgd e df kuy >el re g; udfy s s s s s wa T s s 4g krki kg Fel e uLt sl , s Z X s q\ L[ Ikjof hg Rpf L[v 4L[v Sgfkp ue 4g krkt kg Z;ñouf jkv rD'v a a a , s , hg kurm ue ]sxX;kt II L[ surtf 4g ue jskted ue rLf[ dfk;D 4kuL w a , a X kr re e L[7L[ kd ue uiv jdy kd krkc hIkN7hIkN ub ]rkc hjlwn kr s\ X a a s s s s X s s s 4g Cgu i¥dl g; 2g kgj jd i¥dl e df g rgd G , a wa a T T s ky[f d jln jkv ]g rLdi kd i¥dof dS jkv 4g rht e ki¥dof kr eg s s w , T s \ s , T s X X s
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044 fo 313 egaP

d kxky g hrky Gjr hd jkll hg k;u®fi 4g hrpC[ Nhi k'eg k;u®fi hd X s T a a T s s a X q Z k"Qi defk/ ]g kgj krkg knl klsS udfy 4g hgj kt ;k[ ukt hu®i hje , s s , s s 2xn h'kck' kd rkc hje kr ikv df sykc jdkjd¬e e krUli rgc jkv 2 s X s s s s q X z q , gcl stc kn ]kgd sukgüm `kg rOm cd ]kgd ue 4k;kyc ue kd rfi dum q s X s s s T q s T s s 4hxkg kiÎ hLc ji >e kr X;kt kg defk/ ed kLkF df n k>el s \ q s s Z s\ X kd rfi je ikv 2g h;x kg rchle jke d htit dub dfk;D ]g hrkv nCu s s s , s q s s q s X , kd kpπc e yd¬ jH unf 4g rdl kl eg u ]g rdl kl pπc u e j? 4h s X X w T s s T s s s X ykL jd ekjg nCu hjkeg df g rgd jdkv xky cl d y¥ge df l jkt7j T s s s s q s s s kt surb g rjd Oki kd htit jkv ]g rOm rkj tc kn go ]kgd ulm kr T s q , T s s s s s `güm g k;D Ghydr ]kNi ue kr X , w s T s 4g Cgu oHl hH kd hldf ]kugj l rfk' e j? lm df kxyp jdDp klS k , a s a X s s d nfkv rzo ]lkoim ]e;uf dlm 4kxn ykL e rdDnf kd j? ji go 4>el s s X s s w X ;≈kHn kd j? ji kr ]e j? ji k;x kg henkv dS jxv defk/ rFfdkFr Z q s w s X s w s Z 2g krxy ukg yxki j? kji kr ;kt kg defk/ henkv dS e j? dS jkv , s s w s s s Z X , 2g kgj kt kvg yxki j? kji kjkeg 2hxkg kiÎ hLc ji eg kr ; , q w s \ s s kt kg ed uthyjf kdub kLkF gjr hldf 4g krkuc defk/ ed kd kxky Te s s\ wa Z s X s df g hrukt go dfk;D ]Bkv lki je go 2Sbkuc defk/ ed kLkF kd r , X s s Z s\ s fi je rfkH hldf df kgd l>e sulm jkv h;kv lki je kygfe hckti dS s s a s q , s s a 2xXOm stc uhr kr eg df g kry k[ eld henkv dS udfy 4 s s , s X s g hrkt kg rÎof ]g hrkt kg LcL\x nCu go ]g krLi kuyk[ kd nCu ltf , s , s \ , \ s s 4g nCu d;él nCu hgo ]g hry[ ikv suiv nCu kt 4ikv uiv ;kt y[ nC , , q s s s q u jkv 4Sgfkp hukg rlfdof >el hdlb ]sy[ nCu tc pki df g krgkp Te , s q s a wa 4xkg Sg sxkt kr jH unf ed l ed 4g Cgu s X q s s , ktg Bkd ]kuOm hg tc rkl 4kukt kl ]g jrgc llb jkv 4g hO> nCu kr Z s s s , s s , , w s s \ Li huyk[ jkv 4g hrkg huyk[ nCu e rge7‰c kr kg u nCu hd jhokge s , , s s X Z w q z s s jkv 4g hry[ e rge7‰c kr nCu hd jhokge 4lki dikv g kgd nCu hd , , q X Z w q z s s , a jhokge dfk;D 4hxgj hrkv k;dfi> jH unf 4hx[j Sg ;kl jHunf udfy X X a s q s s s ]hxsn kOm tc pki eld go 4sxOm tc pki eg df eld x;k[ ikv jkv s a X s a s X , 2g rkt Om jkv g hrkt kg hjwi nCu T s , , s dr rge7‰c df g rkl kjgx kurb udfy 4g hy Cgu ukgüm eld Bkd h Z w q z T s s s , s X s d suOm e rge7‰c 4g rkt Om e rge7‰c df g rkl jgx urb jhokge X Z w q z T s X Z w q z T s s s s 4h;k[ Cgu eld hd suOm e rge7‰c u jhokge ]g kri kdikv hHd udfy X Z w q z s , s s 4sxOm e rge7‰c tc pki tkj df Sgfkp huk[ eld hH kdeg X X Z w q z s a s s skr ]e rge7‰c g rOm gcl stc pki tkj jg 2g rjd uyki kd e;uf p X Z w q z T s q a s T s a a b7pb 0c 2g rjd uyki kd e;uf pb7pb kr jhokge df xgd eg udfy q T s a a s s X s
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044 fo 413 egaP

2g rkg Cgu yG ]g rkg d txkd o ]g hrkg hckj[ Xeum T s s w T s s s s , s jH hg dS udfsy 2g rgj uc hg lo ]kgj [j unf hg urdf df g hrkg g T s s s , s s s , s ; BkNπv hjlhr ]Cgu rk>je o df g hrkg g; BkNπv hjln ]g rkg Cgu I s q s , s w T s s s kd eum df g hrkg g; hdum BkNπv kr dS 4g <jkd Bd3g rkg hH Nπ a X , s s T T s s s v o ]g ryef d txkd yG d ckyqx hH e jktkc 4kg y[f yG d ckyx s T s s w s X X s w s q e j? d hldf jkv ;ky nhj[ yG d txkd l jktkc Bkd lt ]g krkg d X s , s w s s s s , , s Z G hg kurm elm 4g kd gjr jkv rgc ulk'uv go 4Sgfkp ulk'uv kvg X , , q q q q k;kv l jrhH ]l >el 4Sgfkp Cgu ulk'quv Bkd kvg kikF l jiM ]Cgu s s s q s s 4g k;nf jd kvg kdIH ]xiv ]iWd ]rÎof kd rfkt7;‘ , q a q s q ue hjkl Syflb jkv 2g gj ruke dr cv kd ulk'uv Sg ikF eg udfy , T s s s q q s s s 4kxkg Cgu ulk'uv kvg kikF g; ]kxkg ulk'uv kvg k;kv l >el s q q s s q q s hje g; 4l >el udfsy 4kxOc dhO ]kxykc dhO ]kxs;hi dhO ]kxs;k[ dhO s s s , s s 6kxsOm ji ;el dhO ]kx;kl ji ;el dhO henkv kr kg rlfdof >el jkv s s s s , 4Sgfkp hukg >el ]rkt Syf Cgu e;uf s s 4sx;kpgi ukldu kdcl hH e lkLi ]sx;kpgi ukldu hH kd uiv o sllm X qa q s X s \ X qa q s s s 4xXy e;uf e thp hH hldf o ]g xky yko uy e;uf d gjr lb skt g; s X s T s s s s s 4g k;yf ki wa ckd e hGkd jkv 4kxMkt rht ]yd Cgu tkv 4g kgj Ly hg llm j,kv g w T , a wa \ s , Rf1oi hlekr hje kr 2kxkg henkv kd Rfoi hlekr go ]g hrkv nCu Xe un z s s s 1 z , f kdltf df g k[yf e k_¬k' kr hx;kv nCu jH unf jkv 2xxkt rkj tc s , X X s s , s X s s kn cv 2g hrkv nCu jH unf Syflb ]g Rfoi hlekr jH unf ]kgd ukgüm , , 1 z s X `g rykg k;D jH unf ` , g k[j kpe uiyxki k;D g; 2g rn kpgi Ghydr kd Xkxky urb dfk;D ]g , T s s qa s s s X , krLi kukt du kdcl ]g rjd <;kekj L[v jdkxy gjxo dbke kt y \ Z s T s a , s dtkv ]ku[j uk;÷ rkc dS udfsy 2kxkg kn;kG rgc kd kyko y¥gke kr k s q s X s s s s jd Oki kd htit jdkxy dbke kr er df kgd lum ue 2g gj jd <k;¥ q s q s s T T s d kdcl go ]g gj kyp L[v kd eku7ekj go jkv 4g rkt kg yG e Xkvk T s a s , T s s s X {hji spπc 4g krn hykx ky¥gke kjkl 2g rn kn;kG kd eku7ekj kd kyko , s s T s s s X s q s y¥ge jkl go 2g rkyp eku7ekj L[v ]g rkyp <;kekj L[v jdkxy j T s a T s a dhi¬7Lmky ]dbke 2g gj n Hky kd kxky Bd lk;kuv kr go 2g krkt skg T s s s X s s , Hky lk;kuv kdcl pπc ]hu®i dfk;D ]g krjd l jkt kr e ]kgd ukgüm s s X wa s s s T s X `l jkt df kg rjd jh/ ]kgd uTe s s s s s s 4g krjd Oki kd htqit ]g Cgu krjd kr ekd kjc wa wa s q Bkd jkv 4Cgu kyko uul e ]g kgj krkg kr g; jGf 2l Gjr hd ukoxH k s , s q T , s s s s
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q uv kd henkv r{fhn 4oHuv Ikjof Sgfkp Syf d lkdof ]oHuv Sgfkp S s q s q yf d lkdof dfk;D 4hxkg Cgu rlfdof hHd 0fc hd henkv r{fhn `hxkg s X s q s rlfdof ld 4g Bg Cgu rlfdof xkv llm ]g Bg hdIv jiM d ykl ku s , , q s s , q s , 0fc hje 4h;kynf k{hn >e ukgüm kr ]kF kpπc kd ykl ku kydv Te 4;x q s s q s X s , s s kg r{fhn o jkv ;x kg jkdc krif l gto hd uje d ke hjse 4hF h;x j s s , s s s s s s a e ke je df s;x kg r{fhn Syflb o jkv 4F s;x kg r{fhn hH krif hje 4 a s s s s , s s s hF h;kynf k{hn >e su krif je cr ]kF kd ykl ku e ct ]kgd ukgüm kr s q s s , T s X s `cyre ]kgd ue 4kvg ukjg rgc hH Te s T q , q 2g ku[n kesulf >e df g; kr kygi lcl df kgd ukgüm kr , s s q s s s X s 4kykc ]g krdl j s s wa d e k;D ]kgd ue kr 4kg Hky kLc kje kr jd kr;kgl Nd hje jkv 4Cg T s T s s \ s s X q s , d Cgu l hldf hHd sue kt ]g krdl gd rkc hpπl Nd hd ;nÔ uiv Te s T s wa X q s likv df xy ugd l>e 4;x kg Gkl jkv yjl o rfi je jkv ;x kg r s s s s q s s , s z s s , s s pfjfi l>e kr gj chjd je unf jkp kn 4Sg ukege lki je djk/l dS s q s s s s s q s s s q 4 ,g hrkg kLhi hLc jkv g hrkg Ghydr hLc kr ;kv u l jrhH jxv 4g k;k s \ \ , , s \ s s s , v Cgu l jrhH go ]g kikF e/ l jiM u kxky df g kurb <jkd yd kd s , s Z s s X s , q lb 6g hls∂kigf hurb ]L[ki kurb ]O> kurb ]g ;®lv kurb ji hoƒi lb , s a w , 1 4kxkg Cgu s kni henkv kpπl ]g krkg kn,i henkv kOw> dS lum udfy ]ky ro ]skvk[ , , s s s s z eld ]kvkt syp er kgo 4g hrkt h;k[ eld ]g rkt Syf ro e kjnfae X s q a T X T s z X X 2kn kxy jkv kv s , s kv y kdum ]sx;kt yef e jktkc o 4g Cgu rdDnf Bkd kd kyG d txkd s s X X s , s s X w s 4g hrLi hukOm ruge Syflb ]g krLi kujd u≈u kd uiv ]g krLi kuLk? , \ s , \ s s , \ \ m ]g krLi kukt jrhH ]g hrL\i hujd tk[ hd kri hd o®rDf;ø hl7rqgc ] , \ , s ˜ g krLi kuLkr ukKv kl7rgc ]g hrLi huLkN h>elku hl7rgc df Xe ZFv , \ s\ q , \ s\ q lb eJ 4g krLi kujd eJ e uky kd kyG um udfy 4s;kt y[f e o®rDf , \ X s s X w s X ;ø jkl jkv ;kv gjr hd kyG l jrhH kt ]hd e/ lm ]g kgj jd rkc Te s , s X w s s Z wa 4g Cgu hH Nqd du , s m jrhH 4g k;x k;yf kOcf ]g k;yf kdipf l jiM j,kv ]g k;x k;ky jdn , , s , hj[ l jktkc cl 4g k;kv Cgu hH Nd l jrhH dum 4kvg k;kxy cl sl s , q s s q jiM ]d e¬df hukikt ]g xky d e¬df htxkd xky yko uy ro jkv e;uf s T s s s s s s z , 4g yG s;x ;kxy ];x ;ky yG d txkd 4g yG kvg k;kv l jrhH go T w s s s w s , w q s 4g kry[f ]g krkg Idi jkv g krkv l dky ukKv ]uktuv 4g krkv sl k , , s z , , s s , X L\t ]g krkv l k;bkjgx hd uhet 4l jrhH d /ki g krkv yG hylv go , s X s s s , , w

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jiM g kvg k[hl cl 4g Cgu dG Bkd e dufl d hjIyef hjk/ñno jkv , q , Z s X , s , X e hlk;ül hjk/ñno 4g krkg Cgu lk;ül kd k;jfk/ñno g; 4g krkt kg kjlwn a , s a X , s ydycf lk;ül go cr 4gjr hd kyG g krkv lk;ül Arrv l >el 4gjr q a X w , a a s hd kyG g rkv e;uf unf dS l >el 4Sgfkp kuy jd jkdho¬ kd >el X w T s s s s 4g krkg 0fc7ne henkv l k{hn 4kuy re jdyH hHd k{hn , s q a s s w 4g hrkg rOfd ]g hrkg Cgu rlfdof >el l ro 4kuy re jdyH ro , s qa , s s z s w z 2waukt g; ]ukt g; df g krxy ujd wa , s jkdi l kjkt jkv ue 4hx;kt kg <"dkv hxntf llm jkv hxs;kt Cgu I q s X s , s s Z a s , ef hxnatf llm 2kd u[j nc [kv rfi d hxntf k;nf koynf ro e "o ku s s a a z s a z X Z , 2s;x yp 4kxy kr [n udfy ] s wa s s s kx>el Cgu k"kH ]Cgu ktg Bkd ]ykc go 4;bkt re ikv jGf 4g krdl k wa Z s s s s , t k;df k;D ]g r>el Cgu htzsxv ikv 4g Cgu htkj kd uk[nf _pf hngV ; T s a T s s s df kgd ue kdum g; 4g rdl k[nf hg e¥Gf htxav kr g; ]kgd ue kr s T s T s zs s s T s 4Cgu krukt e kr htzsxv ]sxy ugd go 2g rukt Cgu htxv Qx g; udfy 4kdu T s a s T s zs a q s s b g krdl kt y Cgu e hr¬c 4skdub g krdl k[nf e¥Gf htxv kgo 4g Q wa s X wa zs a a T q s X , s , x d k;uft ; 4g Cgu gj,xo hu,t kgo dfk;D ]g krdl kt y kgo 4g thd a X wa s a , kI dS hd e¥Gf htzsxv e k;jfS IeukId df ykc go kr k;k>el kdum r a X X s T s s s s gc 4krLi Cgu e I>a> lb e 4g hrdl kg reéje hH hje 4g Cgu dhO g; q \ X T , s s , s wa kr g k;ky uk[nf e¥Gf kd /kl lb e df k;yf [n >e u hldf jkv kx s s q T s s q s , Mkt sy kdub e 4g krLkt Fkg e ]kgd sukgüm 4s;bky k[nf e¥Gf kdub j a s T wa s\ T X s dkt ikv df kgd kdum sue 4F _ef dS d lkLi 4k;kyc kd _ef dS uTe s T s s s \ q s s 4n k[ X nf >e ikv l chdjr Bkd Gn dS 2g e¥Gf >e ku[n jkv 4g krjd hg; s q s s s , s q s , wa 4g krdl jd hg rkc hd {ke kr e 2g kre? lki d thdkI Rpf kje u wa X s s T , w s s dfsy ]g e kjnfe kr krgj e 4g h;x kg rchle hLc hje ]kgd l>e ulm aw X X a s T , s q \ s s q s `kxkg kLi e ydæfe hurdf go `g hrdl kg k;D Ghydr hdlm s \ X q , s ]g k;x kg r{fhn kt e ykl ku df krdl kg Cgu kri kdikv 4;kv kg j , s s X , s s s s rhH ikv dfk;D 2Ghydr hd jkpc lm3g krdl kg Cgu ktknav kdikv go X s s , s s `g k;D krkg jrhH 2ji k;dfL[f g Sqg ; , s X \ T s kxy LhH xky urb `kxkg krkg Nd kr jrhH 4kxkg krkg k;D ukt u jrhH \ s s s s q s s s s ]g krkg e ue dlm 2g kr[n Bg hxy LhH kgo ]g kryduf l uekl d , s X s , s q \ a , s s s thdkI go ct df g okdIv dS jrhH cv 2kxy un ukK kd {ke jkv ke , s s s , ®kv kd kxky go 2kxy sue? jd/kc hÈc7hÈi jkv yLaed e kFkg uiv go s X s w a , X X s ]ufe k;x kg go ]hukK k;x kg go cv 2hF h[n Cgu e¥Gf hHd ulm ]kp q s s s s πc kd ykl ku cv 4g krht e j? dS ]g krkg kvg k/c3g krkg Cgu oH , , X s s , s q a , s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 713 egaP

4kF Cgu okxy kjgx Bkd Cgd udfy ]kNi e /cl d ke®kv kyp ]k;x kv yk;[ 4h;x L s s s w X a a s s m kog e ue df k;x kv yk;[ ]kF kul 4k;yf Ni ]kF kuNi 4rgc kF /c \ X q w w q a a s s s w s l Bkd l uNi lm df g Cgu rkc Bg h;kv l jrhH dlm Cgd go 4h;x , q s s rkc go 2kvg k;D kd ke®kv go df krkynf Cgu nk; kjkcn jdyH go jGf q q w 2g krkt kyp jkv g krjd Xr , , , kc jktg go jGf ]g krOc jH I? go jGf 4g krjd rkc hjln e Iuef kn , , s a wa w T s lc `g kryp ekd kld ]g ykg k;D ]g r;hcr hld ]g krNi llm e kr , , , , , wa w s T s 2g krdl kg cyre k;D kd , s s hldf l ke®kv 2g cyre k;D l ke®kv kd jkpc lm df g kr[n e jkv s , s s s s wa s T , ` Sbkrc Nd e /cl d ke®kv df g krNi jkv lki je g krkv henkv dS q X a a s , w , s s , 4g krjd oHuv tkj7tkj wa q s s T e klsS 4g rkg jk/m hH uæi dfk;D ]g rkt yH hH uæi xky dfkykg 4sdl T s s z X T s w z s a yef jRm kdum hHd ct kjkcn ]x[j jdykHl kd kuæi uiv o ]kg ;ki s q s X a s X z s s X s yef u jRm d kuæi dutf 4g Cgu oHl e okHv d ;el o udfy ]sF sr s X z s T a X s s s dl kg hxk;im uæi hH jkv Nd 4g ;nf jRm ue dum ]xkg hxk;im e k s s z , q T s s T s s X s X u/kl hdikv df kxy >e kt 4F ukel e kuæi dcl kt ]F uæi rHjkl ; s q s s X X z s s s z w s 2g , hjWt jRm kdlm ]g kNi ue go 4g Cgu uko;¥e kurm uæi go 2kvg k;D , w s T , w z q kd uæi je udfy ]g dhO kr cl df g rn kynf nk; e r¬kj >e kr g z s s s , s T s s X s s q s wa kryduf jGf ct e kr 2uæi kdlm df g krkg yk;[ kd rkc lb knk;† sl T s z , s uæzi lm ]g krNi uæi henkv kt 4g krkg ydæfe kLc e ue jkeg udfy s , w z s , s q \ X s s 4g s;x IN uæi dum df kxsxy Cgu klS güm kr ]kxkg k>el ]kxkg kul sl T w z s s X s s s q jkx sukgüm jxv ]g s;nf jRm sue d kuæi utf hH o ]kg s;x IN uæzi d , X T T s X z s X w s X k_ef utf 4hx;ki kg Cgu oHl rkc kr ji um 4g s;x gj uæi l rgc jkv s s a s T z s q , 4g krjd , k;®g hd ;‘ue go ]g Cgu e rgf d ;‘ue kpkP ]xP hH Bkd kvg k;kv q , X s q a a s q s l Zxke d uHkyi gjr lb jkv3Lt ]k;ky l kI‘p ]kukr7kpC[ hr¬njct ] s s z , \ s s kvg kikF 4g kukt y[f tgl dS ]xjVoky© tgl dS Syf dlm ]g hgd u q s , s T s Te kt rkc hjkl3Syf d o®rDf;ø Sg sync lm 4g krkt ync o®rDf;ø kjkl s X s q , 4g krkv lk;ül jh/7jh/ l >el hd uoht , a s s s 4Sgfkp kukv lk;ül 4kxkg kO> lk;ü a s w a l kvg k;yf 4g Cgu ;¥e Bkd knk;† llb ]g xky yko ujd Ibkj7IGy 4sl q , w s s T s s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 813 egaP

;®l ]dr jk} d ukoxH3rn kpgi kgo hH eg gjr hd k;jfIi hd yj sr s s s qa a X X s ¬kj Sg /c dfk;D ]krkt uc kr¬kj jxv ]krkg hg ;≈kHn kr e I‘fn hje kr q s a X s Z q s X 1 s s 4g hryef hg llm ]g kLhi oli kt hd un eüt kd ;®l lm go , s , \ z s s s s ]g /çfyim kt hd ;®l lm 4g krkg kni hg l tk[ hd upgi dr jnfe l , s , s , s s s qa a m go ]g ;nkl skt kd jnfe lm 4g knk;† e k_k; hd upgi ]ed e upgi , Z T a , X s qa X s qa go ]g naukv kt kd upgi dr jnfe lm dfk;D ]krkt kg I‘u naukv kjkl , s s qa a X s kd upgi dr jnfe lm kr krkg kr¬kj kvg k/ac jxv df Syflb ;≈kHkl s qa a s s q , 4g Cgu kr¬kj kvg k/c df Syflb ;≈kHn 4hH ;≈kHkl jkv g hH ;≈kHn g; , q a Z q , , , Z q 2g krkt gj hyk[ kd hyk[ j , Gf 'kdkv 4Cgu l r¬kj Sg /c3g hrkg hujd rkvQ' l jlf ;u jGf kr s s q s a , s q s s s s kg kuLm kd h{i jln ct jkv 4krki uc Cgu kr¬kj ]g rkt pgi h{i 4srk s \ s s w , T s qa t IwN Cgu „pf Bkd Nhi ]g krkt Lm h{i 4ruc Cgu „pfni dum jkv g s s , \ s s , T rLm h{i eltf ]g gjr hd 'kdkv uoht dfk;D ]kdl kg Cgu g; udfy s \ X , X s s 2dr jnfe lm ry kuc hH r¬kj dDi eg ]kF Cgu < a s s s s jkd Bkd jkv 4Crkg h;x uc k;LfLxi 4g pgi jkv g yp xky k[ky 4rskg s , s a a T s qa , T s s X s s ;x uc „pfni dum ]rkg ;x uc r¬kj ]g ryp I¬bk∂ ]g ryp <‘Î ]g s s s s s T s T s T ryp 0c ]g ryp jhokge kr krkg gjr hd uhet uoht 2'kd 4Cgu gjr s q T s s s hd uhet ]g gjr hd 'kdkv uoht df g g; go ]g kt BkuOfd hLc slcl , , , s \ `kr¬kj g kl7ukd `kr¬kj g kgd `sxdl kg go ]g Sg kni kd ukg eg kt , , , a X s T q , s s s s ]sxdl kg /çyim kd iWo¬ ji uiv eg kgt ]kx;kt yef jnfe go sld ` X s s s w s a s a , krkt gj Cgu "' kd suki jkv Nd jGf nkc d uy ki ltf ]y ki slm sld s s , q s s s s X , `hx;kt gj Cgu "' k{kdkv hd ukt kg jkv Nd nkc d ukt kg sltf ]d s s a s s , q s s s r lm pgi eg ld `g k;D Zxke df g ykol uekl d ;‘ue d;®i Syflb s qa s , , , s s q s z 2krki uc Cgu hH hHd ;® l jkv g krkt gj hg kuil dS 2krki kg Cgu hHd rkHi jkv g krkt gj , , s z , , hg rkj hj/v 2krki kg Cgu {o jkv g krkt gj hg thc ;‘ue Ar<jk/kl 2 s a s 1 , , q rki y[f Cgu yG jkv g krkt gj hg k/ki dS kvg kjH l kIkd ;‘ue Ar s w , , , q s X a q <jk/kl 2krki kg Cgu {o jkv g krkt gj hg thc ;‘ue Ar<jk/kl udfy s 1 , , q s 4g rdl kt s[n suil d lkdof hH Xelm jkv g thc dS hH henkv 4g kr T s s s , , , dl kg rlfdof ]g krdl kg rjfdv kr kg thc 4g hrdl kt hd k'kv hd s , s q a s s , yG hH Xelm ]g k/ki dS kvg kjH l kIkd hH henkv 4Tg rxy yG hH Xe w , , q s X a s w lm kr kg k/ki kvg kjH l kIkd 4g hrdl kt hd k'kv hd gcl hH elm s s , q s X a , q X jkv g rkj hj/v dS hH henkv 4g hrkg k'kv hd gcql kr kg rkj hjs/v , , s a , s s s a ]ue®kv ;if jse z s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 913 egaP

hd kvk{kdkv hd ue cl dfk;D ]krdl kpgi Cgu dr ke®keji ekd Bkd X a X qa s udfy 2Syf d upgi dr ke®keji ]g ;df rlfdof ekd d gjr lhpπi s s s qa T s s sueg 2g xk; ]g ulkv ]g k;pæir ]g kti3g k;df kni Lkd7ed ]g k;df , s , , Z , w , , a Z , kni yvpjf sueg kr 4g xke hd ue go 4g k;x uc kr¬kj kd ed kr¬kj d , q s , a , Z S Syflb 4kn ekd df g hrjd xke hd ed go ]g /fjfi kt hygi hd ue s , a Z , s 4Sgfkp ekd Bkd 2Cgu hg g kt ]l Gjr hd h/kjof lm 2g kryp Ri hH l Gjr hui s , s s s , s s v ]g kryp Ri hH l Gjr hd h/kjof go 2g kryp l Gjr kukn3g kry , s s s , s X s , [ 'kr hH kydv henkv kr yef u kykosuy[ kjln Bkd jxv jkv kxy[ s s s s s w s , s s 'kr henkv 4xL\i utk[ ekd F;ø ]juf jGf 4hF Cgu hH hHd e ekd eg s X s s Z s X X huk'ji hurm ]sxLi e huk'ji hurtf eg kr s;kt kg rDfe l ekd jxv u s X \ X s s s q s dfsy 4g kNπv kurdf kr ;kt kg rDfe l ekd df g rpkl hHl eg if|; , s s s q s T s s 4Sgfkp ekd kd ue 4krdl ht Cgu <{ dS d ekd kucf ue `g krPi k;D kd j s s , \ X s kc[v lm jkc hjlhr go ]g kdp Pi jkc kn go kd jkc[v lm 2k;nf jd , q \ s s W' kuPi jkc hjlhr jGf lm ]g kdp Pi Gn kn go kd jkc[v ltf df q \ s , q \ s s s g kr[n e kr 4g krkg Fkl je h_k; hg dS3Fkl je e jGl ]g kr[sn Te wa s T s , s s s s s X wa hHd 2g krsy tk[ ekd jkdc henkv kr kg u ekd Bkd jxv Syflb 2kr , s s s s s gkp kuht Cgu hH <{ dS d ekd kucf ue 4g ydæfe rgc kugj d ekd s , q q s kucf 4g hd ed /fjfi hygi hdlm kr jd 'oi eg e ue d henkv jxv , Z s X s z X s 4g yro uhr ]g ri uhr T qZ T ˜ ]–d uhr d ue d henkv Syflb ]g kIc e kri uhr ue kd henkv ]Cgu X s s , a X ˜ `<jkd d sukg r¬kj `;x kg Z<io®ge urb k;D r¬kj hg uhr 4g [j uql s s s s s w s X s T s hH ueg eku d kr¬kj uhr um 4g rkt kg rgfkel r¬kj hHl d k;ufn e k s s X T s s s s q X X r¬kj uhr um 4g k;df jkpof u henkv l ykl kjktg e /cl d kr¬kj uhr , s s X X a a s X `Bkd g kr¬kj df sNi go df g hg dofkHko¬ 4g krkg W' kuL\i s , w , , s q h;k[nf hg lß lm ]g krpkl hH kt 2rfxl Bkd u ]Fv Bkd u ]LlçS ]l s s , s s a s Z s Z s yxuVhe cl 4krLi Cgu h;k[nf <jkd Bkd hH Nhi dlb `g Sg kni Xk;D \ s s s T q , `g gj ht k;D 2krLi Bk[nf Cgu 'kdi Bkd ]g kj/av Gjr cl 2krL\i ey T s X \ z s , s w ke Cgu Fv Bkd 2g uhgFv uoht df g krxy uLi h;k[nf lm ]g krjd Z s , Z , s \ s , W' kupkl Bkd hg l,t jkv `pgi ld 2g krgkp kutk[ xke henkv udfy q s s s , s qa s , , s Z s 4ruc Cgu „pfni Bkd kgt s s a ]g gjr hd 'kdkv ]Cgu gjr hd uhet uoht df g kiÎ hLc hd ke®keji , , \ 4krkg k;x sk[ uik;u jkv hxtkr s , hdlm 4krkg jk/m jkv klkc jnfe go cr udfy 4dr ei ]dr Z;nkl ]dr s , a s zs T
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 023 egaP

q s N l ekd kd henkv jg htkykuDI e ykl lhpπi7lhc df g; go ]tkv g s Œ Œ s X , X e huk'ji hg dS ]djkpof kd kdhjev 4n jd rDe l ekd kd henkv kt s s q s s s ]g k;yf kxt ri dS su htkykuDI 4g kgj pgi e rykg lm kdhjev tkv , zs Œ Œ s , qa X `;kt kgj ld ekdc3k;x kg rchle dS g; s s , s s q tkv 4kg yg ld ekd Bkd df hF ydæfe hg; k'eg dr cv 4h;x L\i y s s , s q s dæfe hd gjr h;u dS tkv 4g hd kr;kgl hjse ulm ]g krkt Li e yd q , s wa \ X æfe e hH ct 4g krkv Nwi llm e ]g jhdG dS e okx ]kjgO kgd ulm q T wa s T , X a s s 4kF u ekd lki dlm dfk;D ]k;x kjc? henkv go cv 4S s X gfkp ekd >e jdxkt cv ]kF dhO kr kF krkl e 2k;yf kxt >e ]kgd u s q s s T s q s lm 2k;x Li e ydæfe hH ri 4pc u ekd Bkd jxv ]xX;kt kjc? hH eg \ X q zs s s s 4pc u ekd Bkd jxv ]xX;kt kjc? hH eg s s s 2Cg u kpc ekd Bkd dfk;D ]k;x kjc? henkv go rkg7rkg >kl 4kn ekd df h s X s s s s a s d xke jdkv jGf sulm 2k;ky jd ekd e jH <{ ri dfk;D ];x dp hn¥ a X zs X s q t rgc ekd udfy 4sxn rgc eg ekd ]g gj kxt géqr eg kr hg Syf d q s X q T s X s s ekd ]kgd ulm ]kd ri kF k;kxt u henkv ltf 4Sgfkp ekd >e ]kgd u s s zs s s q s lm 2Cgu ;pækv Bkd kr kg hd xke jxv sulm 4g hg ue Glf lki d rzsi Z s s s a , Z s 4g rjd kji eg güm ]CF h;x dQ l k<jkd Cgüdf jkv CF T s w X s X , hd e unf Xxke kt7kt u ue cr ]kxjd ekJof jhj' ct 4kxy jd /k∂ g X a s s s s s s o rkj kr g kdskj /k∂ e unf jxv su hldf jkv 4kxjd xkH go rkj kr g s , s X , s s s , k/kl e;l u hldf jxv 4kxjd utkH go rkj dfk;D ]kxs;kt yp kri sl a s s s X suil dlm kr g k;df lkoim u hldf jxv 4kdkj kd uiv l kekd udf7u s s , s s s s s X df e unf u henkv lb df g rdl krc eg jd[n uil d rkj d henkv X s T s s s s s 2g kry jd e uil rkj skdum , s X s ]kg s;df u e unf ekd kt jkv 4g krn jd W' ku[n uil kr go 2Cgu k X X s , , s q s s s rdF ue hH cr ]g kLi jxf jd dF hH jhj' ct 4g k;ufn hd ekd d u , \ , q s e uil 4g krgj krjd ekd e kuil ue hH cr ]rkj g krkt kl hH jhj' s , X X , s ct Syflb 4Cgu hg rjWt hd ekJof kd ue ]Sgfkp hH ekJof kd jhj' s s 4hgj Cgu hg rjWt lm hd ekJof 4Sgf s kp ekd lm 4g krkt gj hg ue Glf ]krkt gj Cgu jhj' lki d ri dfk; s , Z s zs X D ]hxkg hd r' g; ulm jWt kr g rkg ri Cgd jxv 4kxdl gj u d ek s Z s s T s s zs wa s d kucf e ]Sgfkp ekd s>e3hF hy jd r' dS llm ;el rxt u rzsi lm T q Z s s s 4k;nf kxt kd ri dS u henkv dS g kul ue 4Sgfkp ekd lm 4g krxk s zs s , q s T s , a e ekd go kr sy kuc hr¬kn hd ri7rH Bkd jxv df g hul k;ufkgd ueg s s zs w s T q a s 2Sgfkp ekd3g krgd ue 4rdl pgi dr Hi u ]rdl , s qa q z s pgi Cgu dr ;®l Bkd kucf Om jiM d ue jkv 2ekd cl3g rjd rîf1r qa s s s , T s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 123 egaP

jkv hF kNπb hje kl dfk;D ]g kgj je henkv chjx dS e 4h;x kv chjd , s , X wa T rke kr g; 2F d suLkN s;iQ cjv kl nkjb jse 4g kr[n kLc ue l cj , s s s s\ , s s , q \ s v ln Glf 4re kvk[n kd Rpf je ]rkc s; kjd re ]kgd u hxukd WLS Z s q s s s X s s . a 4kg gj k s s t jdLkN er ;iQ cjv ln 4kg henkv jhev Lc lcl er d hoƒi n;k' s\ q s s s \ s q s 1 4k;yf ki go ]kF kgkp kt e uoht kr uer ]Sgfkp kukg Cgu lknm gér d s X s s q s X q f kNi llm u _ef dlm kr 2kF lknm rgc go rDo rje udfy ]sF ;iQ w s s s s q s s s cjv ln lki dlm rDo rje 4rficjv dS kd kdhjev ]kje hxukd WLS s s . a 4g "' knl kd uked u/ jkv xkv , s s s , s dfk;D ]kxgj chjx hH cr ]y ked u/ hg kurdf go ]kxs;kt xy e Lkn h X s s X ,\ d u/ go 4g Cgu hni phu d urc lm 4kxkg ni jkv xkv ];kt pgi ji , X s s Z s , s s qa ni Lc hH hldf go 4kg u hji hHd kt ]s;kt xy e Lkn hd kni go 4kg u s \ s w s X ,\ X s kji hHd kt ];kv y urc klS Bkd go df g krkg ykol kLc lcl uekl w s s s Z s s , s \ s s s dlm ];kt kg hjwi rjWt ;ükekl hd uoht sd henkv hldf hg lt Syflb X s X s , 2rkg Cgu sj s s i hHd kt ]g krxy ujH urc d gjr lb go 2rkg Cgu ji hHd kt ]g k w s , s Z s s s s w s , rsy up ekd d gjr lb go kr krkt gj Cgu ekd Bkd lki d henkv ct q s s s s 2g kvg Cgu kji dr hHv e , q w kd go dfk;D ]Sgfkp ekd df kgd Cgu llm jdIky kjkcn u ri sl cr 4 X s , q s zs k;nf n kd ri lm jkv k;kv sy kd urc lm go 4kxgj kryef ekd slm jk s s zs , s Z s , v kxgj krjH jkv kxgj krjH go 4Cgu kxjH hHd urc g; ]kn ujH lm s , s s Z s s s eqr 4hx;kt kg W' rchle jGf kr kxy jH go jxv ]kgd u jhdG lm kr s s q q s s s s `ld kxjH kjkpc go ]g Cgu hni kr e urc lb ]kgd ulm s , s s , X s X Z s 4kF lyeIkc go 2hF Cgu hni e urc lm 4kgj sr s X X Z s jH kdlm ]kugd kd ri lm ]kgd u jhdG `kxaWd k;D e ]kgd ulm 4skvk s s zs s T s t sy lm ]g kLi urc dS uekl go 4kjd ekd dS er ]kgd u jhdG lm s , \ Z s s q s `g kry Syf ukt hje go , s s jkv g Cgu lki je ekd cv 4g s;x dp ekd jkl rkg7rkg >kl ]k;nf kx , , s s T q s s s s s a t ue gcl kd ri dS 4g k;x Li e ydæfe rgc e df kNi l jhdG ul s T q s zs wa \ X q q T w s s m 4k;x lki d jhdG go kr h;x kg hL[ suekl d henkv lm rchle hgo s s s \ s q 4Crdl kt hn Cgu rkc kukn 2g krxke hH gko“u X X s , a r jkv g krxke hH ekd go dfXk;D ]hxLi hun gko“ur ed kdlm ]hg ;g , , a s \ s s s fkp ekd kr kdeg ]kxgd kt d henkv lm ;ktc3nkc ykl lhpπi 2hxsdl s s s s s yef gko“ur knk;† kdlm ]sxjd Cgu ekd eg df kxs;kt kg htkj henkv k s X s s t 2kxke re ekd udfy ]ky ukde ]ky Lid ]ky utkH xgd eg 4kxkg Cg s a s s s s \ s s s X s u lki jkeg ekd 4kn ekd ]kxgd henkv `kxkg k;D jGf ]hxn kynf kjkdI s s s s s
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044 fo 223 egaP

udfy 4g hjkn>el Nd elb 4g ;x y ikv uekl d [H dS hykF ed s , q X T s s s s s w s l ed cv 4hF rkc hd uiyxki ydycf go 2kF kgj ke? hykF henkv dS q q s uekl d r√e hd jF®i dS 4kF F;ø ydycf go 4g jrgc l Lkdk;∂f u s w Z q , s s a s kji ]g jrgc l yvpjf ukjqi ]g ekd kNπv 4g k;df ekd kLc likv ulm q , s s q s , , \ s s 4krkg k;x hg yef kr kd hPkd kr Cgu `kxs;kt yef ld kdik s s s s\ s s , s v l sukcn ji dlm kr k;x yef Cgu hg kd hPkd 4kxs;kt yef Cgu ;®l u s , s s s s\ dfy ]g kNπv rgc hH kujd kol hd chjx ]g kNπv rgc hH kukcn ji d s , q s , q , s hPkd ]g kNπv kun hIkj kd [H ]Cgu 2kx;kt yef ;®l l un hIkj kd [ s\ , s s s s w s s s s s s s H ]g krgd henkv dS 2kx;kt yef ;®l l ukcn ji7Fkg d hPkd ]g krg w , s s s , s s\ , d henkv dS 2kxs;kt yef ;®l l ujd kol hd chjx ]g krgd henkv dS s s s , 4g yvqpjf k;u ]g ed k;u kol 2g krt , , Z s , k[ ed ;u go jGf 4g rn kcM ekd cl 4g krkt cM henkv l Zed ukjqi s Z s T s s , s s udfsy 4hF k;ufqn hd ed ukji g; 4krkg Cgu rîr Nd jkv g krkg rîr Z s q s 1 q , , s 1 hg ue Glf l kvk;∂f ub 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu ;®l hHd l kvk;∂f udfy Z s X s X s 2sxy ki kd nukv ]xy ki kd ;®l df kF krp X s a s X s s kl henkv lutf ]CF aSk;∂f ; 4kF Oki ]hF kti ]F uog ]F K;3kF Lkdk; s s w s s a ∂f kukji ]kF yvpjf kukji g; 2g kgj ke? hrjkv uekl d ukoxH henkv q q q , q s s dS 2g kgj jG kyke henkv dS ]g kgj jd uog henkv dS 2g Lkdk;∂f , s , , a ]g yvpjf3lm sxgd ed defk/ 4u kxky g ktk[ kd ed xke kr dS kr , q s X Z Z s X s , s Z Z s s 2g krjd xke hd ekd Syf d ukpc kd uiv ue kvg kjH l <je udfy , a s s s s q s s 4jrhH jkeg g hH rev 4g ;®l hgo ]krje Cgu kt ]g krkt gj "' s , 1 , s , s kt hH nkc d ukt je d ue 4krdl kg Cgu ;®l go ]g krdl je kt d s s s s s , s fk;D ]s;kt hg je ue 4g hjWt kukt je kd ue Syf d utk[ ;®l slm ] X , s s s kg kutk[ kd ;®l ltf jkv 4sxX;kt je eg kr kxyef u ekd ]g krgd ue s s s s , s s , 4Sgfkp ekd kd ue d s s lm df g Syflb krup henkv Lkn hjkl g; 4g Cgu rv Bkd kd Lkn lm , q ,\ , a s ,\ 4g uhgrv Lkn go jkv 4g krkt krkg kLc jkv go jGf jkv 2g krkt Gj , a ,\ , , s \ , , , r hd hy¥nf l jI¬ufef Lc go jGf 2g krkg jI¬ufef kLc l jI¬ufef IkN s s \ , s \ s s s go jGf 4g krkt kyp krjH jGf 4hrkg Cgu hni eltf ]g kry up ekd , s X X , s q s s lS go jGf ]Bg hji k;ufqn hd ekd hdlm hg lt 2g kry tk[ henkv Lk q w s , , s s ,\ n hd '; jkv ni jkv u/ 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd hH kr ;kt yef hg kurdf , , \ Z s s s 2rkt kg cjv [ky ] s s rkt kg cjv jktg 4hrkt Pc xkv k;“l ]ji kl hrkt Cgu dQ k;“l dfk;D s s \ s a , a X ]krkg u dG Bkd hH kr rkt yef hH cjv kl jxv kdlm ]gj uk;÷ jkv s Z s s s , s s , 2F Sgfkp ukg kt ]g Cgu s s s s T lki je s;iQ cjv cçu 2g chjx l cklgf d cçu 2k;ki ked yd hg ln s s s wa s s s q
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2g , k;df rlfdof kd kvk<jk/ hl,t xk;ed sukgüm ]g h[egfc kt 4g Cgu Rfo s X s Z X , qZ s , 1 hdum hd ukt jrhH dfk;D ]sx;kt Li e ydæfe rgc kr kg u Nd jgkc s X X \ X q q s s q jxv 4g dhO kr gj krkg Nd jgkc 4Sgfkp Nd Gjr hd jgkc güm ]Tg hr , s s s q q X dl [n hg Gjr hd jgkc [kv hdum 4rdl [n Cgu jrhH o 4g h[egfc s X a s s s T qZ ]g IokIlDS xky yko ujd K; ]xky yko ujd uog ]xky yko ujd kosl T Z s≠ s s s s s s s s s 2g krkg rhri d"dkv kLc , s z Z \ ]xyVhiv hg kLc kr¬kj kd ed Syf d kxky jkl um ]g hrdl kt hg e u \ Z s X s s , X s ht Gjr hd jgkc hxntf hdutf 4g rdl [n hg Gjr hd jgkc ]rdl [sn a T s s s Cgu Gjr hd jrhH kt ]g o®rDf;ø h[egfc ]IokIlDS kt phc jkeg jkv s , qZ Z s≠ s s , 4g rn jkt ji ed kt ]g xke d gjr dS Syflb 4g hrkg kni sl rjWt T s s s Z s T Z s , s , hjgx rgc dS hd ue Rfo go ]g Rfo hjkeg kt hd Ldi hd ed udfy q 1 , 1 s \ Z s 4g s;x kg kni Lkdk;∂f s;u ]g Sg rîkel kr Lk T s , a T q s a dk;∂f sukji `g krdl kg ld ;≤i go ]kg krgj jHuf ji ujd iki sd hl q , s s , q s Z s df ;≤i kt jkv 2s;kt kg iki kukojd kol kr g ;≤i kujd kol jxv jkv q s , s s s , q s , `;kt hd hdldf kol kr g k;kuc Syf d kol hg kdcl jxv jk s s s , s s s , v `Syf d kol hje `g k;kuc Syfldf kd kjln udfy ]Wd kol hd jlwn s s s , s X w s a s s e df g k;kuc Syflb >e df k;x >el e kr g; df kNi g; su Isc lm T , s q T s w s 4g hyko ukt , s kg W' ydæfe cr ]g rxy sujd ykol o ct 4g jgkc l ydæfe ikc dr s q q T s s T s q hHr ]rjd Cgu ykol Ic dr ct 4k;nf ykL e ydæfe kd ikc su Isc lm s s s X q s s `jd kol hdum jln df g k;kuc X s s w , Syflb lc k; `Syf d kol hje `g k;kuc Syfldf kd kjln u ukoxH u s s s , s X w s dfy ]k;x >el e g; ]kgd u Ic lm 4kjd kol hdcl er df g k;kuc S s T s s s s s q , yflb gér u ukoxH df kF kgj k>el kd Ic uiv henkv dS ]g kuql uTe X q s s s s s , s 4;kt k s s g BkuOfd rgc kdum ];kt kg ydæfe rgc kdum `jd kol hdldf o jG q s s s q q s X s s f dfk;D ];kt Li e ydæfe hLc xsky Nd kr kg u hPkd Bkd jxv e k;u X X \ X q \ q s s s\ s X fn ]kg u chjx Bkd e k;ufn jxv 4g kgj kt kyp ykduf kdlm go ]g j q s s X q , s s , kol ji jlf dum uiyxki kt kd ujd ekd djd k_k;ni 4s;kt Li e yd s s s s \ X æfe go kr ky dkj jxv lm 2g kgj jd k_k;ni Bkd 4X;kt kg yxki ; kr q s s s s , s s s s s;kt kdkj l kol kdub jxv ]g rLi Bk[nf rjd kol xky urtf Syflb s s s s T s \ s s s s 4kxy ki rîfr huiv hH s 1 llb go ]g kgj jd xke hd ekd ue dfk;D 4kxs;kt yef Cgu llb ;®l s , a X s
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kd rîfr hg hd ue go ]g utkH hg kd ue go 4kd ;®l g Cgu xke Bkd 1 , s , Z s go 4g xk;ukK Syf d sujd kji kd rjWt hjln lb hd ue ]gj uk;÷ jkv , s s w s w s , 2g krgj hjkt , kupkl 2g krpkl Syf d {ke ]g krpkl Syf d ke®kv ]g krpkl Syf d s , s s s , s s , s s ke®keji kr g krkt cM llb jGf 4g kgj pkl Syf d k;/fcl ]g kgj p s , s , s s X a a , kl Syf d k_ef ]g kgj pkl Syf d ukde ]g kgj pkl Syf d u/ henkv s s X , s s , s s 4g k;∂f el dS hH go ]g ekd hH go ]g iW dS , w , , hg kd ed e kFv el rgc hH jkpof dfk;D ]g krkt kg kji ekd kd ue Z X ˜ w q X , s w udfy 4hrki kg Cgu rgfkoi Gjr hd ed kr s;kt kg rgfkoi e jkpof jx s s z Z s s z X v 4hrki kg Cgu rgfkoi Gjr hd jkpof kr ;kt xy Xe ed go jxv 4g r s z s s Z , efhl ñtuS ]g refhl lki jkeg ktM dfk;D ]rkg Cgu djkpof jldv xky , s Z X s s s d k;ufn hd ed jkv krkg Cgu henkv kd k;ufn hd ed jldv djkpof s q Z , s q Z 4rkg Cgu xky yko ujd ed xky s s s s s Z s yko supkl rgc ]rkg Cgu xky yko upkl rgc xky yko ujd ed Syflb s s q s s s s s s q s s s Z 4g rn kxy e supkl cl go ]g hrkg ;;ø ktM hjkeg hurtf Xe Ze T s s X s , s Z d go 4g krn xke kd supkl ue Syf dum ]gkp kupc l ed xky kt kr , s Z s s X s Z s s s 4krdl kt Cgu hg kgj spkl kucf ]g krgd ue 4kun LkN re kupkl 2k[j s , s s\ s s hjkt kupkl udfsy 2kpkl e /cl dum 2d 0c ]d ekj ]d <‘Î3d ukox s s s X a a s s q s s s H3kvkuc jgp d ue suiv kr krLi Cgu ewyke klt upkl rgc cv kjgp s s s s s \ , s s q s kd henkv jxv 4kpkl e /cl d xo¬ kr hrkg eyke Cgu d"dkv cv ho s s X a a s Z s s w Z ƒ1i jxv 2kpkl e /cl d e/ kr kg ;x cM l upkl e /cl d u/ jxv s s X a a s Z s X s s s s X a a s 2g kujd Cgu nc kd jkpof ]gj hjkt jkpo , a s s f udfsy 2jd jkpof e /cl d jkpofuf kyp kr g kukg jkpofuf 2kgj rp X X a a s Z s s , s Z s s s kl udfsy `g krdl kt k;kt ld jgkc d upkl df kpkl e /cl lb ]Cg , s , s s s s s X a a u ]kxgd go kr 4g kukt jgkc l upkl s>e ]Cgu df gd hH g; ikv jxv s s , s s s q X 4krn ukt Cgu jgkc d up s s s s s kl hH <{ dS ue Syflb 4g jk} kd uyduf jgkc d ue l kgt ]g krkt , s s s a , kg kni ykjrv go skr ;kt kg nc kupkl hH <{ dS ]s;kt kg rDe l u s , a s s a s s q s s pkl hH <{ dS jxv ue dfk;D ]kukt kg re hyk[ ]kgj hg rpkl Nd u s X s s s s q Nd 4kgj rjd hykxqt ;el ji ]g krgd ue 2kjd hykxt hdum jkv kd q s s s w , s q , s kjkpof kjd kØdb lcl um 4g hukK ]g Qqx 6g ycfbkc ]g ukjd ]g no ] X s s T T , , q T s g _¬k' 4g rfwi hd rjWt hjlwn hd ue go ]g xke kt kd ukK k; xk;ukK T , Z , Z s s 2Sgfkp jkpof 6krdl gj Cgu kntV pkl kucf ue 4g rjWt dS hd ue s s , hH go 4g kgj jd urpV ]g kgj pkl ]g kgj jd jkpof ;el ji henkv , , s , s w 4g ri hd jkpof go ]g ri kt ]hd nkc d ed3hd jrhH kt hd ue ]jlwn , Z , Z s s Z s s
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;®l hg jkohn hd jkpof 4g ;®l go ]g krkt gj "' kt cr ]g rkt kg , , s s T s s <h{ jkpof cl ct 4jkpof Bkd krdl kg Cgu kd ;®l 4xkg gj jd jkpof s s s X s 2g rjd jkpof kd ;®l eg ]g rgd o 2djd nc [kv ]g Oc xky udfy T s T s s s a X a T s , s s 4krdl kt Cgu kp s s kl kd ;®l 4Cgu ;kim kd upkl lm `ld kxpkl e kdlm ]Cgu hg kri > s s s s , wa s T s s q e kdltf `sxdl ukt ld l jkpof lm 4rpfjfiv ]uktuv ]rkKv g ;®l X s , s s , 4g Cgu kyko ukt y dr ;®l kdikv xk;l k;u go 4g rdl k , s s s s a T s uc xk; k;u ikv jdLkr kd kjkpof pki7ln ]kg 4g krkg k;yf l Cgd ]g s s\ s X a a , s s , krkg klkc knl jkpof 4g Cgu hg ;kim Bkd kd ukg dyfke d jkpof 4krd s , s s s , s l Cgu hg kg ]krkg Cgu dyfke jkpof Bkd 4Cgu hg hrkg thp Bkd hlS ]Ik s s , s s s s F yutjfkv g rgd eg kdltf ]Cgu hg hrkg thp Bkd hlt jkpof dyfke s T s s s s , , 4g krskg , jk/m ]Lkjkc ]g krkg klkc _ke jkpof ]krdl Cgu hg pkl kd s;u jkpof s , s s s 4g Cgu hH , Nd k;u elb 4g Lkt kd kthp hlkc hukji uhr g; udfy 4g rdl kL\m q X , s\ X q s T s ]g rdl kxy [i 4l jkpof g rdl kuc kLk? kd ukl 4g rdl Lkt kd k T s a s T s s\ s s T s s\ s X uhr ]g k[n kLk? ]g k[n kukl ]g [n h{i Sg rLm l [i uikv 4kvg Lk , s s\ , s s T s s q s \ s a s q s\ t kd krkc hukji gN7pki Glf 4Bg u rkc h;u Bkd g; udfy ]g rdl p X q a Z q s s T s s kl 4g krLm e 'kdkv kt jkv g [i dltf ]g kuc kd ukl kt ]g krdl , \ X s , T a s , s s s wa pkl kLk? klsS dS e ]kg 6sxgd ikv n;k' 4rdl Cgu hg pkl ikv `Cgu h s s\ T a X s s g rukt ikv kt ]g hpkl thp Bkd hHd uikv 4g Cgu ukLm Bkd hd jkpo s s , s s s , \ s f e /cl d ukuuv ]rkKv 4krdl pkl Cgu hH Nd e /cl d s;u jkpof X a a s s s q X a a s 4g rdl pkl Glf e /acl d h T s s Z X a s lm ]g hg rukt eg ltf 4krdl Cgu pkl e /acl dlm jkpof ]g rukt C T s s s X a s T s gu eg ltf `g krdl k;D jd jkpof 4g hjWt kuy pkl kLkF lb 4kxpgi s , , s s s\ s s qa Cgu hH l jkpof df g krkg uOfd kukv hH jkv e >el hjkeg g; udfy s , s , X s 4kx;kt kv hH e >el hjkeg g; `kxpg s X s qa i ld go kr g kgj jd hrjkv suekl d ukoxH Syf ykF kd kti jxv he s , s , s w nkv dS jkv `kxspgi ld l ujG kyke ]kyke jG hg hurdf 4xX;kt pgi , qa s , s s s s s s qa sld l sujG kyke kr g kgj jG kyke henkv dS jxv `xpgi ld sl ed , s s s , s s X qa s , Z df s;kt kv hH e >el hjkeg kr g; dfk;D 4g okHi hGkd kd ukK udfy X s X , z s 4g kpgi Bkd hHd l ukK u ]g kpgi Bkd hHd l ed kr u , qa s s , qa s s Z s 4g s;df nktB güb ueg Syf d rîfr hdutf ]g Sk{kdkv hd ue jke T X s s 1 T a a s g ; 4g Sg Cgu kni l supgi dr ;®l Bkd xke s; ]g Sg kni xke kt ; s T q , s qa s Z T q , Z s s 4g krn kdIH , s ji k_k; hcay ue ]kg 4g kpgi Cgu Cgd Bkd hHd hH llm 4g kr¬kj dS a , qa s s ,
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4kx;kt kg hgo s s ]kxjd okH hH kt kr ]jd okH l ue ji Bkd jxv 4g rDf' hLc hd okH s s s s s s w s , \ 4g krdl kg eyke pl jrhH kuil go ]gkp kt , s w X s eg l okH 4g rdl jd kni eH Lc eg djd okH ]g rdl jd kn,i lt; s T s , z s \ s T s a w ¥b eg djd okH 4jd okH eg df kvg eüt kd rDfH lub ]g okH kt ; s X q s T s s 4 g kgj jd okH ue hg kje 4g k'n7okH hd ue je hH okH 4kg kd <Ziel , s , s s s okH go gkp 6kg kd kr_' gkp ]kg kd kr_ef okH go gkp 6kg kd /k∂ o s s q s s s s s kH go gkp ]kg kd ei okH go gkp 4g ri hjgx hg hd ue hH okH udfy s s zs s , Z s 4kvkt kg uhy e okH ]kLkN hH Ze s s X s s\ d ]kLkN hH kupkl3g rgd o 4kxkg l rDfH ]kxkg l kuokH go 6kxkg Cg s s\ s T s s s s s s s u l upkl ]kxkg Cgu l dr ]kxkg Cgu l jkpof g; ]g rgd xky Nd kr s s s s s Z s s T s s q s 4g ue e , l rfv okH 4g rki ukpgi jln cr ]g krkt uc ed ct okH jkv 4g srk w T s s w , Z , T i ukpgi eg kr g kruc jkpof ct okH 4rki ukpgi Cgu jln dr cr ]; s , s s w s kt uc u ed go dr ct jkv 4rki Cgu hH ukpgi kdlm eg ]s;kt uc u Z , s s jkpof go dr ct 4g krkg ydæfe hg kuukpgi kd okH 4g el rfv okH , s q s , w 4g okH nkc dlm ]g jkpof nkc dlm ]g jiM lcl ed , s , s , s Z 4g kjg , x lcl go ]yu'keb 4g rdkr ;h–d hd ue go 4kd okH ]g kr¬kj kjlhr s s , X , 4g Cgu kr¬kj hH go udfy ]g kgj kd , s , xk;ukK kr¬kj kjln Syflb 4g krn jd rîr kd ri hjgx hd ue go 4kr s w , s 1 s Z dl kt sy Cgu hH Cgd `g krdl kt sy kgd go ]g rgd xk;ukK eg sltf , a T s s 4Ze d dlfuke Glf3g ed hH go 4kx;kt kg jkpof skr Wd jkpof kd utkH Z , Z s s a s djd nc [kv e jkv 4kx;kt kg ed kr Wd xk;im kd jhj' jkv Wd ut s a a T , s s Z s a s , a kH e 4kx;kt kg kujkpof jkv kupkl go kr jd xk;im kd ue ZGlf jxv s T s s , s s X s jkv 4kxs;kt kg ed go kr jd xk;im kd jhj' ikv jxv e ekd dS 4g , s Z s X s X , ed kd ue kupkl 4g krkg jknhxkH ed Glf e upkl 4g krkg jknhxkH j Z s , s Z Z X s s , s hj' e ed `g k;D dG e supkl j,kv e ed e ylv 4g iW el kd ed h X Z , Z X s X Z X , w Z H kupkl 4kpkl `l ed kxkg k;D ]sxgd so 4xjd knuV hd ed hukK udfy s s s s Z s X s X Z s 4g k/kc , hnk;ufc phc d ;®l jkv jkeg hgo ]g ri kt hd jkpof udfy 4kg ;df q s , s , Z s s X s Ødb hg l oHuv d uoht suiv ueg jkpof o gkp ]kg Syf l Qx hldf s s q s s s s X s q jkpof so gkp ]kg Syf l _¬k' hldf ueg jkpof o gkp 4hrn uLq\t Cgu sl s X s s s s s s
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4g ;x ;nf dkO syhd e Fkg je 2g llht kIc kd T s s s X s s wa s e;jfe e jkv ]hxy hyl >e df g rpkl klo cr ]hxy hyl kd llht d T , w s q T s s , w s f rpkl Cgu klS o cr jkv g rkt kg dS Fkl d llht e okH ]g sry j s s s s , T s s s X T s d ;é®knkr kurb so 2g krkt kg W' kugc u[ ]g krkt kg nN ikv uiv Xe , s q w , s s s Fkg dum ;el lm ]e Fkg d llht F ;x dkO yhd ;el ltf 4g rkg s X s s s s s s T s s Ødb u[n xky kjktg 2g rgj Oc jdkyG Fkg lS kt ]g jhdG lS e ik s s s s X T s s , , s s s T s s X s j; hH tkv unf d jko∂q' 4F ;x dkO hg unf d jko∂' jkv F ;x dkO w s s s s s s q , s s s s yhd e Fkg kr hF hxy hyl kd llht 4g kIexI¬f ji jhj' dutf ]g knt X X s w s , , s T V hH tkv ]g jhdG BklB e ikj; 4g krdl [n kd I¬bk∂ rDH kd I¬bk∂ T X s w , s s 4g srdl jd xk;zi rgc T s q s X kr gkp kujd xk;i eg d okH jxv kr 4g rDf' hd ue okH udfy ]g r s z s s , s , Df' hLc hd okH 4kx;kt IN /cl ykd®r l jhj' kr s;kt kg ohr kurb \ s w a a s s s z jxv okH 4hrdl kpc Cgu rdkr Bkd e k;ufn lb kr g k;x je e df y s X q s wa T s Ldi kd rkc lm l jkt ue kjwi jxv udfy 4kF krgkp Cgu kujke lm \ s s s s s hH Bkd l eum ]kF k;x kg /kjiv e uktuv go udfy ]kyp kende go s s X s X s s q 2h;x kg nc lkl hdlm 2kIky Cgu lifko do; go s a a , q 2kg s;x je er df kgd llm3e dkte su dS 4h;x kv kr h'kgc ]g dh s q s X s s s , O ]kgd eum u dS3e dkte 2k;x kg 'kgc doq; go df k[n ukgüm ]jh/ X s X s s s s s X s 7sjh/ 2gj rn ok>l kdlm dr I? /kv so 4;x kg 'kgc er ]s;x kg 'kgc s s s q s s a s s s s s q s s s er df ;df Wq' un u'stl ]usn ok>l lm u Xkuhr ]djd nc tkojn ]jd q s s s s q s s s a s kIyf e jed sukgüm kd doq; dS 4;kt k[n djd xk;i hH jGf 4g krdl X s X s s s s s z , Cgu kg g; ]g oHlv g; df ;r su dS l e jkp um kr 4g krdl kg hgo s , a s X s , s ];kt k;df okH kd gjr ltf df kPi ukgüm e ckrdf 4F gj Pi ckrdf s \ s X X s s \ dS jiM d ugkeél 4F gj Pi ckrdf dS ji e†Ifkuîgf e yI¬kg dS ñFk s s s s \ s X s |of jkp 4hLi hukxy hncki huwukd jiM d ugkeél e kdhjev nkc d kuI \ a s s X s ? jkv 4h;x I? kuI? rHnv rgc dS ]e kdhjev ]e hIl√oufq; dS hHv , q q X X 2g kRd go , q df k;yf Ldi sulm dfk;D 2kxn jd W' kudkH ]Cgu kxykc go kr ]kykc \ X s q T s s s s s ];kt kgd l henkv lm jGf jkv 4kg Rd er df ;kt k;nf ok>l g; slm s s , s s q q s q jkv g k;x gj okH Glf e ue d henkv dS jxv 4g k/av ydycf okH , , Z X s , q 4g k;x gj okH ZGlf cv 4k; , x k;nf kyl hH jkpof udfsy 4g henkv e ]g k;x kg kRd df g krgd uk q wa T wa s q , , d df g krdl gd jkpof 4g krdl ykL k/kc rgc7hLkF jkpof 4g k;x gj , , q s\ , okH Glf ]g k;x kg nc hH jkpof ]g k;x kg nc hH ed kdlm e kF¬ov Z , s a , s a Z X hd ugkeél 2kg ;x kg Rd er ]gj Cgu henkv er cv df g k;x kgd s s s s s q q s q , djd rgfkeél kd henkv dS jxv 4g kgj kg hg; e ugskeél ]e llfkuîgf s s s , s X X s
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044 fo 823 egaP

d hjkeg kron o dfk;D ]kvg Cgu ukldqu 4h;x hyp kre{ go 4hF lki d s s X q s henkv kre{ hd ujd <keuf kd kron d gjr hH hldf df kF kurb okH s Z s s 4kF rgc okH ]kF ed rgc dr lki d henkv dfk;D ]F lki rgc krosn q q Z s X s q 2kF krkg cl ]F rkt kg hH pπc ]kF krkt kg hH s s s s s s ei kd k;_¬f hd k;efnkv l kvkron 2kF krkg hH yeykr 2hF hrkg hH zs X X s X s s s s rhprkc 2F ry jd <gzx utkH k;x k;kPp kdum ]jdjrm kron7hosn 4g k s s s s \ s s , ;x kg kylkG phc d henkv jkv dum jkv g kxy ujd jkpof7pkl rgc s s , s , , s s q henkv dfk;D ]g krLi kugj jn rgc kdum cv 2F rkt gj ji uhet Cg; X , \ w q s s s ]kF krLi kugj Cgu jn rgc kd kvkron7hon ygi ykl jktg ln sl tkv \ w q s X s s s 4kF uklkv jkv ygi ykl jkt , s g ln jkv kF Hyl knk;† okH dfk;D ]hF uklkv knk;† rDfH ygi ykl j , q X s ktg kn ;ktc d k;ufn hd tkv Syflb 4g ohr knk;† rDf' hd okH lki s s q , z s dlm ]g <jkd kdlm 2g L\kHLhH hd h_¬ ;ktc hd "Qi e urhd7utH ]Xe , , \ q X Z X a kjnfe Syflb 4g hrdl kg huklkv knk;† kd h_¬ ;ktc d "Qi 4g hrdl , s s s q , kg huklkv ji r¬kj d rDfH kurm ]kxkg Pkxi e kui¥d kurtf kt Syflb s s s s \ z X s 4g Cgu kyko ukt y dr ;®l u'n kd k , s s Z ui¥d udfy 4g rdl jd uZ'n d kui¥d hg huiv eg 2Syf jd u'n d k s T s s Z s ui¥d hg huiv 2hd kui¥d hl,t hdlm ultf3yef Cgu u'n dlm 4yef u s s Z s s Z s 'n dlm hg lo ]hd kui¥d hd r√e hdlm hlt ultf df g kgd u hlyqr s , w , s , s 4kxs;kt kg W' kukg kl,o ]hxkg kui¥d hjkeg hlt jGf 2kn jd < s q s s , s iel kji rfi d okH dS d ue hg suiv 4Cgu kri kr kdlm 4kF dhO kr Z w z s s s s cr ]krkg kri hg kd ukoxH 4g okH kd ue je hH go `ukd ukoxH jkv s , s s , , 2Syf d s ukoxH kn jd <iel gjr hji kd suiv ]kxgd go 4g krdl kg hH jkpof s Z w s s , s h/kjof kr k;df jxv jkpof dfk;D ]kujd re jkpof ]kxgd go 4kxdl skg s s X s s u kji okH kr k;df gnl dfk;D 4kujd re gnl ]kxgd go ]g kxy kt Xe w s s a X s a s , s s \ s Z uLdi kd xke lm 6g henkv kt kyko uyp ji rDfH ]g kt rDH Syflb , s s , s 4kd okH h g jkeg ]g ccVrfi kd ue jkeg ]<‘Î go udfy ]Cgu 2g hrdl kg hH kyh s , z s s , s y ]g krdl kg hH y[ Fkl d <‘Î rktc hjlkc ]g rdl kg u'n d <‘Î , s s s s q a T s s Z s 4g kvg , q k;df kni hg ueg go 4g u'Dstki kd ue hg jkeg ]g kvg k;df kni hg , s , sz s , q , kjkeg go udfy 4g oHl go kr y jd <gx rkc Nd l krohr jxv okH s , a s s z q s z 4kukt xy kd xkv g uOfd rgc kr hxy Cgu xkv df k;yf jd ;r , q s kdDi kji u okH jxv 4g rkc hd okH Glf go 2g ry yp ji Xkjkxv x w s , Z T s s a s ky 2g ;x dO yhd e Fkg df ;kt hy pkl rkc g; l okH ji jxv jkv T s q s X s s s s w ,
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044 fo 923 egaP

lki d ;®l hH hHd ukKof 4g krkt pgi xkv ukKof 2g rkt ync ;®l s , qa s T s cl kr e ykl kn jkv g rkt xy ykl kn kr kg hu[yf ckrdf hLc dfk;D s X s , T s s s s \ X ]k;x kg ydæfe hH ku[yf ckrdf hLc hd ukKof kr tkv 4g Cgu ;®l hH s q \ s , go ]g krxy kri ]g krL\i kuukt jkv jGf 4g Cgu ;®l go df g krxy , , , , , kri cr ]g krLi kuukt jkv yd 4g ;®l g; df g krLi eyke klS sllm , \ , , , \ w s 4g rukt hHv eg kurtf df kxgd hg kurb go 4;®l kgj g; df krdl T s s gd Cgu hHd 4kxkg hg chjd7chjd dufkKo hH xkv 4kF chjd7chjd hH uh s , s I¬bkv ]kF chjd7chjd hH uI;ü 4g krkg chjd7chjd tkj e ukKof Syflb a w , s s X 4g Cgu ;®l df dr ct ]kxkg ;®lv , s hH kr kg chjd hg urdf d ;®l 4g krkg ;®lv k; g krkg ;®l kr k; 4h s s s s , s , s s rkg Cgu thp Bkd hlt FI IelDfkiS ]chjd7chjd 4;®lv g cyre kdlm s s , ≠q s sz , 3g ;®l chjd7chjd rkc hje ]gd e ct `,g krkg cyre Bkd kdlm ]g k , s wa T s s wa rjd ei chjd7chjd likv e ]gd kdikv e `g krkg cyre Bkd kd ;®l zs s T wa s T , s s chjd7chjd 4krkg Cgu hg cyre Bkd kd ;®l chjd7chjd ]gj uk;÷ jkv s s s , 4krkg Cgu hHd ji ;®l 4g krk s , s g ji 9;®l chjd7chjd8 knl ]g krkg ji FI IelDfkiS knl ]krki pgi Cg , s ≠q s sz qa u ji ;®l ukKof udfy 4g tk[ hd jkpof ukKof kjkl 4g krdl kt kukt s , s , Nd rgc l jkpof 4kxkg kun LkN kujd jkpof df g Cgu cyre g; kdlb q q s s s s\ , 4g krdl pgi Ikdtkj l uyp3krdl p wa qa s s s gi Cgu {ke l uyp 4krdl pgi Cgu {ke ]g krdl kv Ikdtkj kr kxyp qa s s s qa s wa s s wa e jxv 4g hrdl yef aSr¬o l ujd 4g kyko uyef Cgu ;®l l ujd d T T q s s , s s s f kxukt go l ujd ]Cgu 4kxjd u Nd henkv df g Cgu cyre g; kdlb s s s s q , 4g hrLi husn LkN hH k;∂f djfrkv hd gjr cl 4g srL , \ s\ a T \ s s\ i sun LkN hH jkpof d gjr cl 4g hrLi hun LkN hH kui¥d hd gjr cl s , \ s s\ 4g krLi kuOm jiM hH d okH ]g krLi kuOm jiM d ukK ]g krL\i kuO , \ s , \ s , m jiM d ed 4g krLi kuOm jiM d krkc kuhr kr kg kuOm jiM d ue s Z , \ s X X s s s 4g krki Om jiM d ue henkv sl , s Z ed u ]l ukK u ]l okH kr u udfy 4kn n kd uiv kji ]re kukpc hH s s s s s s s s w jH pb ]hH kjt 4kd uiv kn n kji ]g krgd go 4g krjd xke hji okH a s s s s w , , a w 4kx;kt kg kncf okH l ukv hH d' kurb 4h;x kg e®[ rk s s s s s c jkv3k;x cl g; kr g Cgu kr kui¥d hje g; Cgd df s;kt kv d' hH , s , s s kurb jxv 4g hrkt II kui¥d 4g krki kg Cgu kji okH kr ]g krkt kg kL , w , s w s , s [ e phc dr 4g krkt kg kL[ e phc dr krki gj Cgu kntV d dr kucf \ X Z , s \ X Z s Z cv okH dfk;D ]g kuokHl ed rgc hd upc d rDH e k;ufn hyko ukv X , a q s s X q s 4s;x kl o kr sxkt eg 4F uil jkeg o 4;x k[ o Syflb 2 s s s s s s s s s s F [n hg ueg kt ]F léhL7L ]F uîo¬7konf kron o 4F u knk;† l kvkui¥ s s s s s s ≠ s s s s s s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 033 egaP

f' 4hxy sy ukt rDf' kr Cgu ]hxkg rjfrkiW Xe ed rDf' 4hn n rDf' u s s s a Z s s ukK kd ed dfk;D 2g kvg kxkH kurb 2g krkt yduf jkv 2g d¥e df s Z X , q , , , q g kry [sn l jiM d tkgt Bkog kr g krkt u[n kd d¥e dS go jxv , s s s s , s s s q 2g krkt yduf jkv kxy [n rdk> l e hdL[f 6Sg rxkH l e jkd kr , , s s s a s X \ q s s X s g rkt su[n hH kd rkii7yt dS o jxv 2Cgu kdke hH kd ujgO kd hen T s s s z s , s s kv df g kgj e? l htr hurb ed 4k;nf kPc kd ed ulm ]k;x Pc ukK , w s s Z \ s Z s \ 2hd ukg L[ Cgu hg rljG df g knk;† kurb 4g knk;† e epæfi jkv ed s s s \ q , , X , Z ed e cji Syflb 4Pc ed df g xk;im kd ukK `k;D kx;jfd kd ukK X w s \ Z , s s 4g krPc ed kurm ]g krPc ukK kurtf Syfl , \ Z , \ b 4sxy e ed df g xsk;im hg dS kd rDf' dfk;D ]kx;bkxy e ed jGf X Z , X s X Z `kx;jfd k;D hH kd rDf' jGf 4g rDf' ukK 4Cgu ;®l udfy 4g rDf' u s , s , kK df kgd dhO g; jkv 4g rDf' ukK ]kgd u udsc 4joki tb tyku ]kg , , s s d u udc Syflb 4g hrkt Pc rDf' hd ed dlm jd>el kdlm j,kv g s s , \ Z s s , krkg yGl go e su>el kdlm ]g kF¬o;ø kt hd <jkd7;kd Nhi d rxt s X s , s Z s s ]g e;uf kt d rxt ;‘ue l jkpof 4g ed cl o ]g lo÷of hH kt ]g <k T s s q s T Z s T a s T Z euf hH kt e rxt d jgkc 4g krkg r/fcl l rxt d jgkc ;‘ue sl ed s X s , s a a s s q Z 4g kr;nkim huiv hdum 6g xk;im kdum ]g u/kl kt d ue lki jkeg , s , s T s s s 4kxsLi kuul l ukd kr kg kuul 4kuul re \ q s s s q q l [kv kr kg kuul jkv 4ku[n l [kv kr kg ku[n 4g krdl kt k[n sl s a s s q , s s a s s s , s [kv 4krdl kt Cgu k[n l [kv ]g kgj gd e df Cgu g; cyre kdlb a s s a wa T kr krdl kt kul Cgu l [kv df gd likv e jxv jkv 4Cgu u/kl kd s q s a wa s T , s q uul [kv 4hxs;kt kg hL[ ydæfe kr Wd ''fkd hd uul l [kv Te jxv a s \ q s a s s q s a Syf d <jgknm lt 4kx;kt y jkpof ]g krdl kt y kgt jkpof 4;kt k s s , s s , s a s s g kukt kgo ]g krdl kt y kgt ed 4jd u kI‘p hd ukt dr ;®l sl ed a , s a Z X s s Z df g krgd hg kurb 4X;kt xkH jdLkN ed df krgd Cgu g; Te Syflb wa s\ Z 4g Fv kd ed kgo 4g ek;kv kuiv ]u'e;kL , Z Z a , X kuiv kdlm ]hIyfIf; huiv ]g kr;snkim huiv hd ed 4g Cgu ZFv Bkd q , Z , s kd ed kr g kuky e ke®kv jxv kd ;®l udfy 4kxLi kujd ed kr g hu Z s , X s s s \ Z s , ked hIkj ]g kujH Ii jxv 4g krgd Cgu kd un LkN ed Syflb 4g ZFv s , s wa s s s s\ Z , kuiv kd sukt dr kukde d henkv jkv 4kxLi kujd ed kr kg kukt dr X s , s \ Z s s kukde d henkv ]kg 4kx;kt y Cgu dr jnfe d ke®keji ed `ed jkv X s a s s a s Z Z , 4Cgu dr ;®l d e/ ]kx;kt y dr k;®l chjd7chjd d ukKo s Z s s X s f jkpof ]g krgd g; e 4g kusn LkN jkpof df krgd Cgu g; e kr 4g ;ƒ wa T , s\ T s , Z ekl huiv hd ukKof ]g rdkr huiv hd ukKof 4g xk;im kd jkpof udfy , , s s 4kxpgi Cgu lki hH hHd g s qa o jkv 4g Cgu hg cyre Bkd kd lkilkv 2g krkg lkilkv knl ]krkg Cgu , , s , s s
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044 fo 133 egaP

hH kd uiv e dr cr ]kxgj ji kr¬kj e dr ct Syflb 4hg g lki uiv s s T wa X T wa s T e `kxkg ld kr¬kj Syf d supgi lki je dfk;D 4kdIH e kr k;yf up s s , s qa s s X T s q kr¬kj Bkd Syf d upgi lki hg uiv sue jxv jkv `kxkg ld kr¬kj kr k s s s qa s T , s s , s s g kupgi lki hg uiv s>e jxv udfy 4Sgfkp r¬kj kr kg kupgi lki dik qa s q s s s s qa s v s>e jxv 4xX;kt y jn eg r¬kj cl Syflb 6Cgu jn leg go udfy 4sr q s s w X s w s s kt pgi dr lm l r¬kj hldf eg kr krkg jn leg go jxv ]rkc kr hy qa s s s s w s s gi 4gd rkc hl7hLkF Nd 4g <jkd dlm ]krdl kt y Cgu kgo xke Bkd wa X s\ q T s s a Z s 4g kupgi kgt ]g krkt pgi kgo go ]g kr , qa a , qa a , kt jrm sphu l kxke cl henkv kt jkv 4Cgu hg g xke e ylv 4Cgu hH s ˜ s , , Z X kopki ]Cgu hH kFkp `kxkg Zxke Bkd kFkp `xke df xNi ikv hg rpæfuf a a , s s , Z s X w `g kr , kt kg ld okdIH g; `g k;D okdIH df kxgkp kujd rkc likv hjgx Xe s s , , X wa s /cl d dS7dS `g k;D okdIH ; df kxWd rkc e /cl lb e kunf uh a a s , X s a X a a X X r yko sukv 4kxLi kukt Ig l kuhr kr kg kupgi jxv jkv 4g rdl Cgu s s \ s X s s qa , T s pgi ]g rdl dIH eg l kuhr ub 4g okdIH kuhr s; ]g Cgu xke Xkuhr ; qa T s s X T X T Z s 4kxLi kun LkN kd kuhr S s \ s s\ s X yf d ujrm kgo 4g lIltDfS ]g o®r¬fv ;®l k; ke®keji 4kxkg kukt kv s s a , X , s ji Lt jdjrm l kvk[k' ub 4kxxy u kri eg kdlm ]hd o®r¬fv g L \ s X s X , \ s s X s t kt kr gj rdIH eg ji kvk[k' ub jxv udfy 4hd jkpof ]hd okH ]h X s d ed3g hyduf ;k[k' uhr e thc d o®r¬fv 4g ;k[k' uhr hd o®r¬fv Z T X X s T X 4g krkt gj o®r¬fv Glf kgt 4g krkt gj ed , Z a , Z u ]g krkt gj jkpof u ]g krkt gj okH u kgt 4g krjd LlkI kt 4g x , , a , X a≠ s , s kv d kuhr kt ]g Lük;cf ]g jki d kuhr ub kt ]g rxt hH klS dS jkv s X s , Œ , s X s , s , 4kd ed l ed ]kd jkpof l jkpof ]g krkg /çyim rxt kd okH l okH Z s Z s , s s 4krkg Cgu /çyim l ek;kv hldf l eub ;®l udfy ]g ek;kv uiv dcl s s s X s T s s ub 4kg u ed eltf ]g kj/v rgc hH henkv go 4kg u jkpof eltf ]g s Z X , w q s X , kj/v rgc hH henkv go 4kg u okH eltf ]g kjw/v rgc henkv go jkv w q X X , q , 4g Fv kuiv kd okH 4Cgu kun7kuy Bkd kd ke®keji sllm , Z s s s udfy 4g rjd l okH kr g rjd kol hd chjx 4g rkcn l okH kr g sr s T s s s T s s T s s s T kcn ji d hPkd dS jxv 4Cgu l ke®keji ]g srLt l okH kr g rLt sl , s s\ s T q\ s s T s q\ _ef uiv jxv 4g rLq\t l okH kr g rLq\t l Ic uiv jxv jkv 4l okH s T s s s T s s s s s , s srdl Lq\t Cgu l ke®keji udfy 4g rLq\t l okH kr g rLt l hu®i huiv s s T s s s T s q\ s ikv jxv 4g Fv kuiv e hxntf kd okH 4g xk;im kuiv3kuiv kd okH , Z X a , s 4g hrkt ync e Zed ]g hrxke ekd rDf' kr 4h , X , a s x;kt kg ydæfe kr Cgu 6kn ekd >e ]hxgd rDf' 4Sgfkp ekd ]hxgd rD s s q s s s q s s
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044 fo 233 egaP

e df XNi l>e ikv e uil jxv dfk;D 4hgd rkc hIym l iW Z;koufv u T w s q X s X s s X kgüm ]g rukt hH kt e k;ufn dr tkv udfy ]g kgj gd rkc hIym hLc T s s X q s , \ 2ky ki jkv re s , s s kvk[ ]LbkG LaS dhl Iku L 2sxkdl ki Cgu er jkv ktk[ ]LbkG Iku y a w s q , s s a of w; LS dhl g upo dS kdlm 4g gd upo IkN7IkN uhr7kn u sl®kvky a , T s s s s s s s s 4kn LkN tk[ cl er 4re hg ktk[ lm `kg rLi k;D e uiyxki d s s\ s q s s s s s \ X X s sutk[ lm ]g Cgu kri hH kd suk[ dltf ]g Cgu hg k;k[ ltf ]kgd uTe s s , s s , s s s 2Cgu kri g; ]g k;k[ ueg df 2Cgu kri Nd eg kr kd uk[ ]g rgd o , s s q X s s s T s s 4ky ki lm eqr rfkH lb df wan s s a krc gér e kr k;k[ rfkH lb ueg df kn krc >e er jxv `ld k;k[ X q T s s a s s s q q s , s s q uer df g krNi lum e kr `Xtk[ ld kd ke®keji df g rNi l>e xky wa w s T s s s , s T s w s q s 4Cgu ;kim Bkd kd ukg xyv sl kgt s s s a ]g kgo ;®l 4g l knl eg kgt ]g kgo ;®l 4g eg kgt ]g kgo ke®keji , a T s a , a T a , a 2k;x kyp kRdyd jn l Ikdtkj e df w s s T kF k;x kv yk;[ g; s>e ld `kF k;x dIH kgd `kF k;x dIH sl,d ]Sg q s , a q s s a rkg kgo df g g; kr Z;pækv 4k;x pgi df g ydæfe kugd kr `Ikdtkj , s qa , q s s s ;x pgi df sNi l>e Bkd ][n ry[ nCu e ct ]y[ nCu hje ct gcql qa w s q s wa s s q T s q s `kxpgi ld Ikdtk wa qa s , s j 4hg g e e Ikdtkj dfk;D ]kxwapgi Cgu Ikdtkj Te ]Wd xk;im kd ugko wa T X s X qa s a s hH hldf jkv yp l r¬kj hH hldf e `kxMkt pgi Ikdtkj e ]g rpkl , wa s s T a qa s T T s s ikv k;D kr Li yp ji r¬kj lm e jkv n krc kr¬kj >e Bkd jxv jkv s wa s T , s s q s , `g kupgi Ikdtkj >qe , qa s s 3Wd k;D `Wd k_k; yni ]Ldi hLkxy,c ]Mkt l uyî ]Mkt l uI `aMkt a a , wa \ a s s a s ≠s s , s ld ]kvkrc kr¬kj ]waxy uNi l kxky `g kgd kr¬kj `Iky lifko sld cv s w s X s , a wa , , Te ]h;x kg ydæfe hLc 2g kupgi Ikdtkj kr gcl >e df xy ukg uk'sj s q \ , qa s s q s q wa s s i e uil jkv ]g e kRdyd df [n kuil jkv Mkt kl e Ikdtkj e slt X s , wa X wa s , a s X s T , 4hg g kgo eg3kd supgi Cgu kr¬kj Bkd 2g rjWt k;D hd r¬kj kr hg T a qa s , s s wa a g kgo e jxv 4g Cgu e kgt ]g rdl kpgi Cgo r¬kj 2hg kF e kgt ]kF T wa T a T s qa s T a kgo kupgi s>e jkv 4kF Cgu e kgt ]F rkpgi kgo r¬kj cl dfk;D ]kd a qa q , T a s s qa a s X l pgi Cgu l r¬kj Bkd df kgd u 0c `kNi u kxky ]pgi l r¬kj ldf qa s s s s q w s X s s qa s s 4k;yf Cgu ki 4kukpgi lm tkv ]kF kvg hg k;ki sltf d s q fk;D 2k;yf ki df gd ld e cv dfk;D ]rkc hlS skNi re cv ]kgd u 0 X wa s , T X X s w s c `k;yf ki `;x pgi ikv ]kNi lum u kxky ]kvg /kc unf ltf kd 0c q s qa w s s X s q s s q 4hg kF kgo kr Te a s df kxMki e unf lm ]kxMkt jrm l r¬kj e unf ltf 4kxgj krpkl jwn a T a s s T wa s
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044 fo 333 egaP

p sykL ykIi kucf ]g hyk[ hdI kr k[n ulm 4k;x yH kuykL ykIi Te ]g s≠ s , a s s s w s≠ s , krkg eyke ]kgd ulm `g krkg k;D g; jkv hLkx h;u ]jv ]kNi u henk s w s , s , \ s w s v lm kr h;x dQ hdlm hLkx jdkt yhe rkl7pki 4s;kt Li nli ]kF k;x s \ a \ a uk[nf hLkx 4jdkt yhe rkl7pki Bkd 4k;x jdy e hLkx kd henkv dS s \ a s s X \ s go 4kF krpc k;Lfkx hd LkG IXtS dS ji ukdn dS hd LkG ]g kuql uTe s a \ Z s q Z s , s 4g I>> kr ;kt Li , a s X \ X X e krkc hd kyko upc jkd ]kg 4hx;kt dQ jkd kr yef u y;© hH Iufef X s s a s s s w dS ]g krgd likv e `g krkg k;D l Iufef dS `g krLi dG k;D sl I wa s T , s s , \ Z ufef dS df sxgd ikv kr 2syef u ykIi kd jkd hH Iufef dS df gd sl X s s≠ s s wa ikv e jxv 4g hgj yp go3g gj n ykIi ]g gj n y;© ikv ]g jkd slt T , T s s s≠ s T s s w , , 2xX;kt kg rîkel y[ jkl d ue kr ;kt kg nc kuyef yw;© skdlm ];kt s s s s s s s s a s kg nc kuyef utkH kd ue hH Syf d <{ dS jxv 4kxLi kujd nc ku s a s s s s \ a s n utkH kd ue kr kg kuxkt l nCu j,kv 4g nCu ]g kt ue 4g ehL go ]g s s s s s , , s , ≠ , s kt ue 4g kuil ue 4g rgj Li e suil eg dr cr ]g krgj krkojd d , T s s \ X , r ct ]ue kd henkv jkv 4g krn kojd Nd cl3ue kd henkv 4g krsn , , s q , ko/l hH xk; ]g krn kojd hH Sku/kl3ue kd henkv 4g krn kojd kni s , s a , s , hH Qx3ue kd henkv 4g krn kouc hH r¬kj ]g k;df kni okdIH kjkl ul q , s s , , s tf3ue kd henkv dfk;D 4g ;kuc r¬kj u henkv 4g Cgu kuokHl hd r¬kj X T s s s , a s 4g kgj xkt hgo kr X;kt xkt eg ]g kgj kl hg , s , s o kr ;kt kl eg 4rdl Cgu k[ eg lm 4g kgj ul hgo ]g kgj ykc hgo s X s s s s , q , s ]l k[kv g kgj dk> hgo ]g kvg urp hgo ]g kgj y lkl hgo 4go g hg s X a , a , q s , s a T eg 4g Fkl jkeg go ]X;kt hH Cgd eg jkv 6Lkn jkv xkH hH Cgd eg 4Cg , s , X ,\ , X u kr¬kj Bkd kd uk[ lm 4rdl Cgu k[ eg lm 4g okHo¬ kjkeg ke®keji s s s s s s s , 4g eg akg T t ]g kgo ke®keji dfk;D ]g ueæn d ke®keji Qx cl 2g kujd kji sl sr , a X T q s q , w ¬kj kdltf ]g lI¬Lf ]g kylkG phc jkeg jkv ke®keji ]g krgd g; go s , X , s , , cr 2Cgu g eg kgo ]g kupgi eg kgt df g krgd go cr 2Cgu g go akg T a , qa X a , , o ]g kupgi eg kgt df g krgd g; go cr 2g k;x k;nf k[ go ]g gj , qa X a , , s T s tk[ eg ltf df g krgd g; go cr ]g kr¬kj ]g krgd Qx Bkd ct jkv s s , , , q s , 4g kr¬kj ]g krgd Qqx 2kvkt pgi l kg; lc 2kvkt yp lS ]kr¬kj kg , , s qa s a s s s s j g; ]g rgd o 2g rn krc kr¬kj o dfXk;D ]g rn ykL e ydæfe Qx cl T s s T s s s T s s X q q 4xkvkt Li e ydæfe er kr k;x yef Qx Bkd gér df gd likv e jkv s s \ X q q s q s X q wa s T , 2Mkt pgi e lltf ]kn krc xke Bkd ]kn krc kr a qa T s s Z s s ¬kj Bkd ]kn krc Qqx Bkd s>e `kxwapgi ld e d Qx kucf ]gd ikv udfy s s s q qa s , T s q X s 4kr¬kj re hg kNi er 4kg e s w q s X Ikdtkj er ]kn jd nc kupgi df kxgd likv e kr `pgi ld Ikdtkj s q s a qa wa s T s wa qa s , s
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044 fo 433 egaP

9 4g ;uHfv g; df lt sl , s , S kuht kr kg huki hxntf dhO jxv jkv 4g hxntf g; df lt ]kujd slS s s s a , , a s , s ;uHfv kr kg kukg krsuHfv dhO jxv8 df k;nf [yf e hj;kL hdlm uTe s s s X s 4xy [yf ikv hH Xe s X hj;kL hdikv ]kxgkp e go 4k;nf [yf ;Dko dS e hj;kL hdlm ue 4g k wa T X s T wa gj n gkyl kd hHl e /cl d hlb e ]Cgu rjWt hd uuke kjc ]kgd uTe s X s X a a s T s q s 4g k;kv uy gkyl e /cl d ;uHfv wa s s X a a s e dfk;D `sxuke u kr kjc ikv Cgu kri ]g k;kv lki dikv 4g Cgu >el T X X s q wa s , Bkd hje hHv udfy ]g kgj jd ekd e ke¥Gf kn 4e k;ufn hd ;uHfv s s s wa X X s X q g k;kv k;u7k;u e 4s;kt Li ekd >e kt ]n [yf ;Dko dS Bkd e hj;kL wa T \ s q s X s X hje df kgd >e ulm 4kF k;kv lki je kruHfv kvg k;u7k;u dS hHv s s q s s s s q 4Cgu knk;† l kruHfv dS ikv e rxt lb jGf ];jfd hH Nd ikv s s X s q jGf 4h{kl3g kgj [sn hH kd ujd ei kt ]g Bkd df g rukt ikv hH Xe , s s zs s , s T s <{ jgx l jgx d ei jkv s;jfd ei ikv jGf 4g jgkc d jkpof kt ]g s s s s zs , zs , s s , Nd df g rukt ikv hH jGf ];jfd jkpof ikv nkc dlb 2g kgj jd Cg q T s s s , u kt ]g Nd df g rukt jrhH ikv hH kr ;jfd ed ikv nkc dlb 4;x s , q T s s s Z s s kg henkv jln ydycf ikv cr ]s;kt kg /kc g; kd <{ dS 2g kL[ sl k s s w q s s s wa \ nl e kgo ]g krgkp kukt e kgt `g krgkp kukt kgd e 2g Cgu e kyko T a wa T a wa a T wa T ujd 'kyr go ]g kgj jd 'kyr e hdltf `g e 'kyr hdldf e 2g hg s wa T wa X T wa T s e kr go ]g kgj tk[ e kdltf `g gj tk[ kdldf df xkg ukjg ikv hg wa s T s T s s s s X , e <{ lm kr ]X;kt kg rk' kuhr jkpof jkv ed ]okH jxv hH Syf d X s s a X , Z s jH <{ e I? lhckp jkv Xy >el kd k;∂fi hji hd kuhr ub ikv df g k X s a , , s z w X wa rgd g; e 4jd u okH ikv df krgd Cgu e ]n jd nc kujd jkpof ikv T X T X a df krgd Cgu e ];kt xkH jdLkN kd ed uiv ikv df krgd Cgu e kr T X s\ s Z s T s 4kukt Cgu e nCu uikv kdltf ]g ry ukt skd k;ufn hjln ikv kr ;kt X s s T s s q w s s y[ nCu Syf d Iufef dS 4hd jgkc d ue g hrkt yef dy> kdikv kr q s s , s s s ;kt II hH kd Ldl dS 4g krkt II ue kr yef u y;© hH Iufef dS w s X s , w s s w jxv Syf d ue 4hxs;kt kg hL[ hgo hLkx kr kg u ykIi Iufef dS udfy s s \ \ s s s≠ s s 2g rkc k;D elb `g hrdl yp Cgu k;D l eku d LkG kr , X , X s s Z s s , g hryp jkgl d ekuekj jxv 2g k;D elm ]hx;kt yp hg jkgl d eku s s , X s s s ekj ]g rgd o 4g rdl kyp o 4g xyv rkc hd kItS ]hd kjknukdqn 4kr T s s T s s , X X X Li Cgu dG Bkd llm ]kg ItS d <‘Î ]kg ItS d jhokge ]kg ItS d \ Z s s X X s X X s X X s ekj ]kg ItS d LkG so 4g rkyp kucf d y;© kt 4g xyv rkc hd kItS X X s Z s T s s w s , X X 2Cgu rjWt Bkd hd ykIi Syf d urb 2g hrkt yp ji eku d LkG kr kurb ]kgd u s s≠ s s s , s Z s s s lm `;kv syp ld yhe rkl sykL ykIi kucf ]kgd u henkv lm 4k;kv ky s s , s≠ s s
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4g e/ eku kdltf ]g hrkt kg rIf? rfk∂ , Z , s a Cgo ]<{ hlm ]g rkt kg L[ ikv <{ ltf ]ikv unf ltf 4xX;kt kg sL[ T s s s \ s s \ ikv3kxgj Cgu ;kim kd suyp unf lm ]kxs;kt kv <{ g; unf ltf `Cgu s _¬k' Bkd ]Cgu xke Bkd ]Cgu Qx Bkd ]sxgd ikv ct ]x;kv unf o cd s Z s q s X s X s 2g krkt kyp lki d Qx lm l Qx lb , s q s q 2g krkt kyp lki d Qqx lm jdLkN kd Qx lb Bkd 2g kry Ldi ukjd , s s\ s q s , s \ q Bkd jdync krhx 2g kry Ldi krhx jdync ukjd Bkd 2g gj kg BklB s , s \ q s T s s w a , ngf 2g krkt kg wngf BklB 2sxy Ldi xke kjln kr x;kt cM l xke dS s a X \ Z w s s X s Z 4xgj hg rLkn ikv kr Cgu ]g rdl dQ ikv hHr ]Cgu x s X s ,\ s T s Z ke Bkd df kxsyp kri kdikv ct jkv 4g Cgu xke Bkd df g krkg g; hg s s , , Z s , s cyre kr kd ukt dQ ]Cgu `g krkg Zxke Bkd hH kd ukt dQ `g krkg s s , s s s , s xke Bkd hH Syf d ujgO `g krkg Zxke Bkd hH Syf d 9re kLkn8 udfy Z s s s , s s s s ,\ s 4re kLkn ]g krgd e/ 4kvkt dQ ] s ,\ , Z s g krgd e/ 4kjgO ]g krgd e/ 4g Cgu Fi Bkd ]g Cgu xke Bkd kd e/ , Z s , Z , a s , Z s Z 4g rkdIH hFi cl ]g rkdIH ñxke cl Syflb 4g dh T s a T s , O xke kje g; 4xkvkt dIH kr Cgu ]kukt yp re ji xke jln ]g krgd Z s s s s s Z s w , xke 4kLkn l htr ]g krgd Zxke 4kLkn ]g krgd xke 4kyp ]g krgd xke Z s ,\ s s , s ,\ , Z s , Z 4krdl kg Cgu xke Bkd kd e/ Syflb 4kjgO ]g krgd e/ jkv s Z s Z s , Z , 4kyp ]g krgd xke s , Z 4g krkg Syf d suyp xke 4krkg Cgu Syf d ujgO xke Bkd hg rp , s s Z s s s Z s æfuf udfy 4g xke kukt jgO ]g Zxke kukt dQ ]g xke kun jd nc Lkn ] s , Z , , Z s a ,\ g Zxke kun LkN kd kxke df kxgd e kr kg kuNi hg e k"kH hd xke jxv , s s\ s ˜ wa T s s w X Z 4g hjWt kukg kL[ ed l ed kr , s \ s s jH <{ Syf d u[n lm dfk;D 2g ntke Gjr kjkp skt ]rki Cgu hg [sn s s s s X , w , X s slm eg 4g gj tk[ r¬kj ;u7;u eg ]g gj xkH eg ]g gj Lkn eg udfy T s s s s s T s T s ,\ s 4g nwtke l knl kt ]g krkt Li h;k[nf go lm ]g krkt , , s s , \ s , jgO ]g krkt kg kL[ kt 4kxLi kukg hg kL[ ]g Cgu kr¬kj `k;D kxjd 4 , s \ s s \ s \ , s kx;kt kg kL[ go cr 4kgj u ;kim kd sukt skdum cr dfk;D ]Cgu xke Bk s s \ X Z s d lki dltf ]so g hxkH;ü/ jkv 4sx;kt kg d xke kucf ikv kr ;kt II k s T , X s s Z s X w X uhr ; jxv 4kxWd ''fkd hd uLkr kd kxke uhr e kunf uhr ub Syflb s a s s s\ s ˜ X X 4g ;x kl Glf ]g s;x Cgu dIH T s s Z T ikv Cgd 4g kr[n e suil Glf kdikv e dfk;D3g Cgu xke Bkd Syf jse wa s X Z s T X , Z s s 4g krkt ki kd ;®l jkv kd ;¬gj d hxntf kr ]g ;uHfv g , s , s s a s , ; df y [n df ;ki ht gjr lb e hxntf Bkd jxv jkv 4g krkt kg yG s s s X a s , , s l kr g hxntf g; df y >el df ;ki jd ;uHfv gjr lb kruHfv jxv s , a s s s
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044 fo 633 egaP

2kF kpkl ue kr hg; ]kgd ul s s T s s m 2hy Ldi unjx e ukdn jnv jdkt ulm jkv k;kv gcl unf jln go \ X q a s , q s w 4k;x kyp djd ektrb s a go j[fkv 4dl u ync go kdltf ]kg u hg kri kdlb df Wd ektrb kl s s s s a a s q S Nd ]kpkl ulm 2g krkt kg cl e <{ ]k;D e jH rkj 4g krn ync r s s , s X X , s jl7yD' cl 4g krkt kg hlk;ül F¬gx 4g klkjH k;D kd rjl7yD' udfy w , s a 1 , s w s 4[n rjl7yD' hd henkv kpkl ulm 4g k;D kd Lkc lb ]Cgu kri kdDi wa s w s s , Z s Nd 2g krkt kg hlxkd ]I¬uf;éd 2g krkt kg I¬ufq;éd ]g hlxkd 4g krkt q , s zs a q , s , zs a , ync e Iufef kn ]klkjH k;D kd Lkc ]kgd ulm 4y Pi l dhO Lkc ]kp X s s Z s s wa \ s Z s kl sulm 4;kt ync henkv kr Cgu ]Sgfkp kuy jd kdDi Nd ]kpkl ulm s s s s q s s 4kF k;ki sl m uikv gcl yd kgt ]kxyef Cgo yd Bkd df Cgu kukdOf Bkd kd hld s q a s s s f 4g hgj ync l jskt hurb Xthp ]Cgu hg g kdDi Nd 2n ync ukdn yd T s , q s q ]g kgj jd ukdn g; tkv 2Cgu kri kdDi Nd 6s;kt kg <‰kc yd ]g Bku , q q s z , tkv `kg kgd cd ukd ]Cgu hg klkjH Bkd kd hldf 4e k;ufn g hgj skg s a , s s X q , Igkync l jkt urb jkv 4;kt ync henkv g; Cgu kri yd ]kpkl ulm s s s , s s s 4kukt y yd ]Cgu g hHv lki je u s T s s s kv Okv hdkc udfsy 4Sg sukv Okv kgd l Bku 4k;nf k;iQ ulm kr ;nf ku q s s s s c ykc dlm u Bku 4k;x sukouc ykc ji ukdn dS gcl7gcl unf dS go s s q q q 4kg h;x kg u yH Cgd 2k;kxy Cgu df k;kxy Cgu kri 2kF krkt [n jd s s w s Iky7Iky jdkygf jkc jkp lm go kr ]kF krkxy hH kykr e j? uiv g , , s s X s o 4g rkg hdD' henkv hHl kr lsS 4kF henkv hdD' rgc dS ]g kuql uTe T s s s s q , s 4kxWd hji Te rkc g; jkv ]hukgd a w , hl7hIkN dS 4hrki kg Cgu rkdkye llb 2;x yp Cgd jkv go ]g krxy s s q s s s , , kri cr ]g krpgi kgo dr ct 2g Cgd jkv ]g kryp kri ]g krkI[I[ k , qa a , , , , tkojn ]g krkv hH ct go 4ed l ed ;kt yef kr ji j? henkv udfy , s s s s 4g kgj tk[ kd henkv jrjuf ukoxH ]g kutk[ Cgu kd ukoxH kd henkv , s s a , s s s 2g s;x yp ji xke jkv h T s Z , ldf ]jkv Cgd ikv df g krki dr cr ]g krpgi jdkxy kri go dr ct , , , qa 2g rkt yduf xkv ikv ]g rkxy Lkn tr llm ikv ]Lkn hg kurdf 2g T s s T s ,\ s s X ,\ T s rkt yduf xkv ikv dr cr ]g krpgi go dr ct df g rgj xkH urb s , qa T s s s ikv 2Cgu ryef ikv udfsy ]g kgj tk[ rgc kdikv ke®keji df gj uk;÷ s , s q s s 4;kt X gj L[ ikv ]kg u xke Bkd lki dikv kr Mkt e ct ]nkc d unf jkp s \ s Z s s s a T s df kx[j k'kv jkv kxWd ''fkd hd suLkr kd kxke kuhr ]e kunf uhr ub wa , a s s\ s ˜ X X X
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044 fo 733 egaP

4g kL , [ ji jk} go kr ;kt II r¬kj 4hyko un Lkr ]dlo÷of ]de®k/"uf en d \ s X w s s s s\ a s S 4kxWd rkc ji kuhr ]ji ed jGf ]ji rDfH jGf ]ji ukK yd3dS7dS a X Z 4g krkt uc k/kc jkv g krkt ky , , , p krkg rcte e uLkn jkv uyef jkv tk[ cl lb 9e8 jkv 2kxgj jdt s w X s ,\ , s , s T , wa k[ kdlm 99e8 ]kxgj jdyef 9e8 4kxWd u'n 9e8 ]g krgd e udfy 4; s s T wa T a Z T wa T s X kt kg uZ'n dlm kr Mkt gj u 9e8 4g O> kr hg 9e8 `kxWd u'n dlm s s s a T wa w s T a Z s s , T ld e `kxWd uZ'n jkv e 4d ke®keji3g ujd u'n >e df g rgd eg a , T s T s Z s q T s `kxyef ld sl ;® s s , l Ow> g; cv 2sxgj jdyef kd ;®l eg df k;x kg kni yk;[ g; kd O> X s s , s w lb udfsy 4g O> rkruf kukg kjkeg 4g kt ];kt gj hgo jkv ;kt Ief e , w a s , s s , X g 4g chjd ke®keji 4g hg ke®keji go ]g krkt gj "' kt 6k;x hH ue k , , , s s dikv ];x hH ikv df ]kyef u y;© ]h;x Lkn 4g 9e8 df g hgj jd kni s w ,\ wa T , , eH kdikv Lkn dfk;D ]g ke®keji jkv g ikv dr cr ]g gj Lkn dr ct z s ,\ X , , T T s ,\ 4kx;kt gj hg ke®keji jkv x; s , s X kt Ief ujkG kr ikv ;kt jgO jxv ]9g8 Syflb ]g gj Lkn hH ikv jkv , s X T T s ,\ , 4g , ke®keji jkv g ikv 4g Cgu Qx Bkd 4g Cgu Fi ]g Cgu xke ]g Cgu kr¬kj , T , q s , a , Z , 4g , krkt kg /çyim lm go ]g krkt kg kL[ kt 4g krkt kg kL[ kt ]hdlm s s , s \ s , s \ s ,g e k{hri ke®keji 4g k{hri hd ukg L[ jkeg Glf 4ntke gxt cl hg X z , z s s s \ s Z w , g go 4g Cgu k/kc e uyef llm kr ;kt kg sL[ eg jxv hH kd <{ dS , , X s s s X s \ s 2g gj xkH l htr jkv 2g krkt Lkn cl ]g T s s s , , ,\ , krkt xkH cl 4F kgt ]rkg Cgu gxt lm 4g krkt ync cl 4xkg Cgu g s a s s , s X cql yd o ]g >kl tkv skt 4g Cgu >kl tkv go ]F eg gcl yd kt 4 t s T a , a s q s kj g krkt ync kr cl `kx;ki tk[ ld kr kg kgj hH tk[ eg ke®keji s , s s s s , s s s X 2g Cgo lH udfy ] , T s k;x ync cl 2F s;x LkN eg kgt ]g hOc Cgo go 4F ;x LkN jgkc lH s s\ a , , s s s\ T go 4F ;x djd kdDi ektrb hH eg jxe 2;nf ync hg ekd cl jkv h;k s s s a s , Om huk'ji hurb 4kun Cgu df rn gd 2Igkync hurb Nhi d ukv Okv ]h s s s s s s s n jd ng ]kg ;ü/ ]kgd ulm jkv 2hy Ldi unjx hd yko BkOef jdkt u s s , \ s s lm 4hF hOc suekl d ukdqn hd syko BkOef dS kr kpgi gcl go unf jlwn , s s qa q s 2h;x hyp lH 4g ydæfe rgc kr klkjH kd lH kr ]Cgu klkjH T , q q s s T s s kd henkv `k;D g klkjH Bkd kd lH 4h;x hyp e jH rkj lH 4xy Ldi , s s T X T s X \ kdlm Cgo ]hxkg lH yd kgt 4g hOc jgkc lH df kdlb kxkg kri k;D s s T a , , T s s kd lH lb ]kgd ulm 4k;x kyp jd[n kdlm ]jgkc hF hOc lH dS kgo T s s s , T a
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0fc 2g hrdl [n hg jdLkr knl 0fc 2g xP kd uk[nf jdLkr kd kthp q , s s\ q , a s s\ s X go3g xP kd u[sn kt kd 0fc ]g kLdI kt kd 0fc ]g e†if kt kd 0fc , a s s q , \ q s q , z s q 4g sr T s kg W' uLi h;k[nf xj rkl cr ]g hrII <jdf l e†if ct 4g Cgu xj B q s \ a , w s z , a kd H' 4g H' Glf <jdf hd tjl 4g rkt kg kni xj rkl 4g hrkt II s z q , z q Z w T s s , a , w e kLdI rkl 4g hrkt kg L[7L[ kr ;kt hykduf l e LdI d e†if d p X X \ q , s a a s s s X s \ q s z s kd jxv <jdf hd tjl ]g h[n <jdf hd tjl uikv lt 2g kr[n djd a w , s w s s , , s s L[7L[ kd kthp go ]g ue kt kd ;‘que 4g k;∂fi hd uL[ ue kd ;‘ue a a s X , s , z a q 4g kukt kg rDe l L[ L[v ]g Cgu Lkt L[v , s q s a a , s\ a 4g kryef cr ]g rkt Om jiM d kL[ eg ct 4g kryef cr ]g , T s s X a , T rkt Om jiM d kL[ eg ct 4g kryef l <e∂rfv ]g kryef l lLXlkI s s X a , s , s X a≠ 4g kryef hg jdkg rDe l kL[ kr L[v 4xkg nt,ke udfy ]xkg Sg Lt , s q s X a s a s X w s s s q s q\ 4hg sxgj ntke L[ elm 4krdl Cgu hg kg L[v go ]g kruc jdLkt kt X w , a X s a , s\ s dfk;D 4g Cgu L[v go ]g kruc kt jdLkt kd kuhr ub udfy ]y Lkt X , a , s s\ s X s X s\ hH kd udf7udf 4g ;x ;df lk;zi hH d uLkt ]kd ed ]kd okH ]kd 0fc s T s s s s s\ s Z s s q 4hxkg s dS go ]r;efnkv hx;kt gj "' kt cr ];kt gj u ukeyle ngf hg kukn s s s X q w a X s ukeyle ngf 4hyko sukg Cgu krdS l suLkt skd ukeyle ngf 4g krdS g q w a s s s\ q w a , o ]g krkt gj "s' kt cr ]s;kt gj u ukeyle ukeyle ]s;kt gj u ngf , s q q w a wngf udfy 4g rgj ntke knl L[ hH kr X;kt Lt ukeyle ngf 4rdl jd a s T s w , a s q\ q w a s Cgu rifkF¬ krdS eg hHd jdLkt kd ukeyle ngf ]Syf d <jgknm slt s\ s q w a s , 4g rgj hg ntke L[ e Lkt 4kruc Cgu L T s w , a X s\ [v hHd l suLkt 4g L[v go ]g krgj "s' kt jdLkN kd kuhr ub 4kru a s s\ , a , s s\ s X c Cgu L[v jdLkt kd kuhr ub gj uk;÷ jkv 4g krdl kt kukt sl L[v a s\ s X s , , a 4g L[ dS kd ;‘ue hH go dfk;D ]l rDfH ]g krdl kt ku , a q X s , kt l okH u jkv 4g L[ dS kd ;‘ue hH ukK dfk;D ]g krdl kt kukt s , , a q X , s l ukK u 4g L[ dS kd ;‘que Zed dfXk;D ]g krdl kt kukt l ed kr u , a , s Z s 4g krdl ukt hg ;‘ue L[v kr kg kuukt kd L[v , q a s s s a 4g krdl uc Cgu jk} kd uukt kd ;®l L[v ]kujd ' , s s a 'fkd hd uukt kd ;®l l L[ dS hldf jGf j,kv kuLkr Xe kL[ kd ;‘ue s s s s a s\ X a s q ]ue®kv ;if jse z s 4jd jkdho¬ <kei je ]g krjd ek<i kd ke®keji Oc jrhH X z s s wa z s s , dcl e rv 4g rhg1xuv llm ]kul l ei jkv rfk' hurb kd krkc hjse s X a wa q s q s zs , a s X
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4g hg; hg kF¬o;ø hd ukg d ue 4g hg; hg xP kd ukg d ue 4g kr , s s s , a s s s , kg hg L[7L[ ue 4g krkg hg L[7L[ go ]g ue skt lki jkeg hHv udfy s a a , s a a , s s 4kg u L[ Bkd ]kg u Lkr Bskd eltf 4g hjWt huk s a s s s\ X , s g lul'kd LIzsxhIb 4g hjWt hukg kursp L[v dS lki dikv kr g kuukt s a s a , s a s s , kd L[v jxv `g hjWt kukg k;D lki dikv kr kg kuukt kd La[v jxv s a , s s s s s 4g rdl ukt Nd ikv hHr ]g hjW T s q , t kukg Nd lki dikv 4g hjWt kukg ukd Syf dlm kr ]g rki ul kd u s q s , s s s T s q s fo÷ ikv 4kx;ki ukt Cgu kd tjl k/v 4g hjWt kukg kd [kv kr kg kuu s s w a , s a s s kt kd tjl 4rki ukt Cgu kd <jdf hd tjl ikv kr g Cgu [kv lki d s w s s w s , a s ikv jxv 4g rki ukt kd <jdf hd tjl ikv Syflb ]g [kv lki dikv T s s w , a s 4g Cgu e kt ]krdl ukt Cgu lm Te 4g e kt ]g krdl u wa T s s wa T s wa kt hgo e dfk;D ]kxLi kukg kL[ hg L[v hH >e Syf d uukt kd L[v T X s \ s \ a s q s s s a 4Wd rkc hdum ]g uæzi N a T q X a a s d e /cl d yd ]dikv jGf ]g hjWt kuy >el l dhO kLkF kd rkc l s , s s s\ s b 4Cgu hxk;gl hH ukK ]Cgu hxk;gl hH okH ]Cgu hxk;gl hH ed Syf d s s s Z s ujd jki lm jkv 4g hjWt kujd jki kd ue kr kg kuukt kd ;®l L[v s s , , s s s s a 4xgj nwtke hH Sg sLt 4xgj ntke o s X , q q\ s X w , s ]eg xLkt gütf 4sx;kt gj nwtke hH jGf L[ udfy ]l jiM g hrdl Lkt s X s\ X X , a s s , s\ 0fc 4kxkg rkH endS Lkt kd 0fc 4kxkg Cgu L[v hH Lkt go jxe ]y q s az s\ q s a s\ s Lkt kd kuhr ub df g hrdl jd hH jkv ekd dS 0fc jGf 4hx[n jd s\ s X , , q s s Lkr kr hx[n hH ct 0fc Syflb 4g ed ]g okH ]g jkpof 4g L\dI uhr s\ s s s q , Z , , T s q d 0fc jkv 4g hrkt kg e kLdI ]g hrkt II thp hHl e e;÷ke d 0fc s q , T s X X \ q T w X X s q 4g hrxy uLi h;k[nf ]Tg hr T s \ kt kg hNjrf thp hHl e e;÷ke d huki 2kxxy uLi eyke kNjrf Fkg u s X X s s s \ w dfy 4Bg Cgu hNjrf go df kxyp kri hH kr jrhH d huki [n skd hL\dy s q s s s X s jdykL Fkg kuiv ikv jxv `g hrkt kg hNjrf jrhH d huki hL\dy k;D , s s 4g hrxy uL , s \i h;k[nf hNjrf hLdy go jGf ]n ykL e huki 4g krkt kg knof go ]kF k \ X X , s rkg kni l gto hd e;÷ke ]kF krkg kni l gto hd huki kt ]kuLi h;k[n s , s s , s s \ f kNjrf go Glf 4hg hF h/hl ]hrkt Cgu kg h/hl 4g hrkt kg h/hl ]sl huk Z s , s i y ykduf jgkc 4g hrLi Bk[nf Glf ]hrkt Cgu kg hNjrf 2xy uLi Bk[ X , \ Z s s s \ nf hNjrf hLdy jkv n ykL kd hLdy e huki lt ]g O> hg lS jkv Tg ; \ , X s \ X s , T w s s , s x Lkr kjk} d 0fc L[ o 4g hrn Lkr e kL[ Bd kd k;®l d uoht 0fc s s\ s q a s , s s\ X X a s X s q 4hrdl [sn Cg u kd L[v 4g hrdl [n kd L[ knl 0fc 4hrdl [n Cgu kd Ødb hHd s a , s s a q s s s
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e phc dr jxv jkv 4Cgu rjWt hd dr Bkd Syf dlm 4g rkc hd okH X Z , Z s s , Z Glf ]Cgu rkc hd jkpof kuxy jnl dfk;D ]xX;kt Li e ydæfe ikv kr qa X s \ X q s `g krxy jnl k;D ]sxy ugd jkv ;kt kv e phc jkpof kdikv jkv 4g , qa X s , s X , , krxy jnl kjgp kd hldf kdikv jxv 4kx;kt Li e ydæfe hH kr jd ' qa s s s \ X q s X oi elm jkpof jkv ukKof e phc7phc jkv kg dokH rgc Bkd jxv jkv s z X , X , s q q s , 4g hjWt kukt Ig ydycf kd okH Syf d eüt d ukK , q s s of 4k;ki kg Cgu eüt kd ukKof Syflb ]g rjfi rfv l okH go 4g ekd h s , zs s , , g hjkeg l,t 4C;ki kg Cgu dufkKo o ]g hjH l okH rgc Xekd kt Syflb s s , s T s q , s 4g krn k/kc okH k , s dlm 4rki jd Cgu jkpof xky dqokH rgc Syflb 4kx;kt kg oHlv jkpo s s q s s a f kr Cgu ]g d;æokv rgc kukg L[ kd ue 4g hjWt kujd L[ kr kd ue s , q s a , a s s 4hxs;kt gj Cgu dufkKo tk[ go ]kxjd tk[ kt go kr g r , s s s s s , ki{i hH kl7kjt lki dlm jxv 4Sgfkp kukg Cgu rki{i Bkd lki sdlm s s s 4kxLi kujd jkpof Glf lm 4sxLi un LkN okH cl lm 4krdl kg Cgu d s \ Z s X \ s s s\ s s ufkKo go kr kxkg okH lki d dufkKo 4kxy jd 0lf iWuv d okH uiv , s s s , s q s s go kF;üv Sgfkp kukg Cgu okH Bkd kuiv kdlm 4g krgkp kuukt Te slm s s wa ]kxkg hH kt 4Cgu k; g eütui df Cgu kri >e df g krgd g; dufkKo s s , Z q s q , , 2g rgkp kujd 0lf ikv kd hlm 2e ue g k[j uke 0lf T s s X , s uikv jkv kvg Cgu 0lf hHv 4h;x kg dufkKov hg rkc g; 9]g eütui , q s , , Z q df l iW dufkKo g krgkp kujd 0lf e8 ]g rgd ikv 4g kujd k;D 0l s , wa T T s , f ]g k[j uke ulm hg ygi d ujd 0lf g cyre kdlm kr g krgkp ku , s s s s , s , jd 0lf jxv jkv 4krgkp kujd Cgu 0lf hH Nd dufkKo ]kgd lum uTe , q , s s `cyre k;D ]kgd ukgüm s X 4g , h;x kg dufkKov hg rkc g; ]g gj gd ikv rkc kt g; df kgd lum uTe s , T s s s s 2g krskg eütui df l iW dufkKo g krgkp kujd 0lf g; e d , Z q s , wa T f kgd su ñtuc jIDkL um 4kd suul rkc hd kukn eg ]F s;x kg Ødb xky s s q X s s s s s lhc7ln 4;kv Bcc uyef s>e go 4F rjd uhctk[ e /cl d eütui e s a s q s s s X a a s Z q X ;yk|ofoæof ji;t o ]kg kul suikv n;k' eku kdum 4g ñtuc jIDkL dS q s s q T 4rki{i ]lLf;†if kdlm kxkg cyre kd okH 4kxdl kg u q z s s s dufkKo go jGf kr g kr[j jrhH hH okH go jxv 4g hjWt kukt kg r , s , , s De l okH r¬el ;el lm lm kr g krjd jkpof dufkKo dS lt 4kx;kt q s s s , , s , s kg ydæfe kupkl kr jd okH ;el hlm jxv ]kg kgj pkl henkv Bkd c s q s s s s s s t 4g hH xk;im kdlm jkv 4[n L[7L[ ue e kvk'nf Cgüdf ]e kek;kv , s , s s a a X X X X Cgüdf df g hjWt 4g hH hxk;im e k'nf hldf kF¬o;ø hd ukg d ue jkv , , s X s s s ,
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2;ki jd u hH g; dr hHv `kg gj jd k;D er ]kgd u s s s q s uk/i dlm 2Sg ;df nc [kv3kF kOc Sg [j hg lo ]F lt jIe e hyk z s q s a a , q s s , s s , X F go kr k;x uk/i kdlm ct nkc jH I? 4ky jd xyv jIe sLc jkv ky s z s a s \ , s jd xyv jIe IkN er df kgd llm kr Syf d htçl F ;kv uuc jIe s s q s s s s s s 4kjd ekd Nd Cgo er ]kgd jkv 4k;nf tH kgo ]kF ;yku s q q , s a tkH ]kF le kt kd hIyfef lm su uk/i dlm kr kF k;x kg ñrH udfy 4 s s s ≠ s z s s s s dl u jd kr ]spkl u 2kdl u e? hH ;kn7;kc go udfy ]k;x k;k[lf un s s s w s a s a s f rgc slm `Mkt e? k;D df way kr pkl e ygi ]kgd u henkv lm udfy q a w X s s T s s s 4;kt e? ;kc kr kvkt e? ;kc ]kgd 4Cgu rjWt kdikv hd jkpo X w s a s s w s a s f7pkl elm 4g eji kKkv3krdl yp Cgu ekd l jkpof7pkl e hIyfef 4C s X , s s X ≠ gu d ekd jkeg ikv kr kxyp jkpof7pkl gjr lb jxv df kgd u uk/zi s s s s s s `Mkt e? k;D ;kc df g kgj pkl Te 4g krdl jd Cgu hH Nd sj a w X s a wa s wa q kpof kucf e ]kgd sulm kr `Cgu k;D re? ikv ]kgd llm u uk/zi dlm T s X s w s s s 2kgj hg kL[ go jkv ;x \ , s e? ;kc kr xky jkl kr kvkt e? ;kc k;x kgd jkv h;x hn xuVI e hIyf w s a s s s s s w s a , ≠s X ≠ ef slm ct 4kF djkpof go udfy 4k;x kg ñrH e 0; djkpof go jkv j s s X q , i jkt kF 0; 4kF k;x kg ñrH e 0q;kge ygi djkpof dS df g kuql uTe s q s X s , s 4kxykL k/kc jkpof kr Cgu 4Sgfkp kuLi Cgu e jkpof rqgc s s \ X hH lm ]kg kujd ed ltf 4hxL\i k/kc e Zed kF;üv ]Sgfkp kukg Cgu d s s Z s s X s okH rgc hH lm ]kg kujd ed ltf jkv 4g krjd ekd e ek;kv uhr ue q q s s Z s , , X 4g ;k_k; xyv hdum ]g k;ufn xyv hd okH jkv r<fx 4kr T X , q , dl kg Cgu e r<fx ]g krdl kg e okH udfy 4krdl Cgu hH kg 4g krd s X , s X s s , l kg klt nkp kjgp kd h_¬ hldf df kxMki jd u 0lf e jkv kxsn ykL s , a s a T , e ydæfe s>e go 4/cl k;D kd jgp d h_¬ l nkp 2kjgp kd h_¬ kgd X q q a a s s s s a s a ]nkp kgd 4Cgu ykr Bkd kr Xykr jd[j ji tkjr kdub jxv 4g Cgu hg a a , s s , w s , yeykr phc dlb 2kjgp kd h_¬ kgd j,kv nkp kgd3k;x kg ckj[ xkenf k s s s a a a s dikv ]kxgd go kr 4g krLi eyke klt nkp >e kjgp kdlm ]g hl;i d s s , \ w , a s q s , zs S kt hje df gd e jdkt l dufkKo dS jxv 4hxkg rfx hd ;økd hg hu s s wa T s , s rm ]kxkg ed kurtf jkpof kr kgo 4Cgu rjWt Bkd hd jkpof e ;økd d s s a s X fk;D ]rdl [yf Cgu krofd so ]g rjd jkpof l xP dufkKo rgc xky kt X s T s s a , q s s 4sx;kt kg Felv e ujd ei o ]xjd urpV sl x X s Z X s zs s s X P dufkKo rgc xky kt Syflb ]g Cgu rjWt hH Bkd hd jkpof dufkKo a , q s s , s , Syf d ei dfXk;D 4kxpc Cgu ei 4kx;kt k[ ei kr `k;x kg k;D ei kjse s zs s zs s s zs s s X zs df l iW dufkKo waxy ujd jkpof e jkv ]k;x kg ei l hldf >qe jxv s , s T , s zs s s `g krxy jnl k;D df kx;kt , qa X s kg ydæfe kukxy kri 4sx;kt L\i e ydæfe hg e jn hLkF ikv kr k;kv s q X X q X s s\ s
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henkv 4kxs>el hg l k"kH kr henkv udfy* 4Cgu ;kim kd k"kH jgkc d s s s s ue df g hg; Glf <jkd kdlm 4hrdl kg Cgu yGl hH xkv 4hx;kt kg , Z s s s s yGl xkv df g Cgu klß jkv 4h;ki kg Cgu yGl ''fkd Bkd dr hHv 4 s , , s s s Cgu ''fkd yGl ]X''fkd yGlv3g ''fkd hd ugd kd ;®l o ]g _¬k' X s s T X s s s s T hH surtf Syflb 4hdl kg Cgu rlfdof k"kH Bkd hyko ukrc kd ;®l 4hd s s s s l kg rlfdof Cgu k"kH kgo Syflb `ul ukd ]ykc ukd kgo 4k;x jxf h s a s q , s s , a H nH kd r e kgo 4k;x gj hgo ]g kt kr kgo 4g ikv u ]g e u kgo 4g s w T a , s s a T wa T a , kyko suykc Bkd u ]g kyko suul Bkd u kgo ]k;x gj Cgu ue kgt udfy s s , q s a a s 4g ikv T jkv g e dr kgo ]g ue dr kgt dfk;D 4g k"kH dr kgo ]g ue dr akg , wa T a , a X , a , t 4kg kyko uul ]kg kyko uykc 4kg kn df g hjWt Syf d k"kH jGf jkv s s q s s s X s , s , 4g Cgu hH k"kH hdlm Syflb 4g Cgu ue go ]g krkt , , , gj kt cr 4krkt gj Cgu hg ue cr dfk;D ]hrdl Cgu hH kg k"kH 4g <j s X s , kd kdlm jkv 4Cgu k"kH Bkd lki dlm Syf dlm cr ]g krjd Cgu kuhr , s s s , X ct ue udfy)! 4g k"kH hH hdlm ]g krdl jd jkpof ue 4lki sdlm s , , g k"kH hH hdlm ]g krdl jd ei ue 4lki dlm g k"kH hdlm ]g krdl , , zs s , , jd ekd ue 4g hd Syf d kekd uhr go ]g hd rlfdof k"kH kt u ue , s X , s s 4g hd Cgu rlfdof k"kH B , kd u ue Syf d ugd lm dfk;D ]g ydæfe kugd df g rgd o ]g rukt s s s s s X , q T s s T s kd ;®l kt skr Syflb 4g k"kH h;kuc hd ue k"kH hjkl hjkeg 4Syf d s s , s ukK k; ]Syf d okH k; ]Syf d ed kr k;3g ;x ;kuc Syf d ekd ]Sy s s Z s , s s s f d kthp uhr hd ue nç' jkl jkeg dfXk;D 4g Cgu jxjkd nç' hH Bkd3 s X s s , s gd kujd ]gd kukg ]gd kuukt eg kd ;®l df g g; kr rkc pl Syflb X X s X s , s 4g Fv kd okH kt ]g Cgu Fv hgo hH kd 9ukt kg dS8 Fkl , Z s , Z s s d ;®l udfsy 4g rkt kg dS Fkl dlm ]g rjd ei eg lltf 4g krkv s T s s s T s zs s , yk;[ kd okH l 9ukt kg8 n;k' udfsy 4kukt kg hg dS Fkl d ;®l ]g s s s s s , cyre kd suukt kd ;®l 4ikv kuy y re yk;[ kd ukK kr 9kuukt8 g s s s s T rgd eg ct skd ;®l Syflb 4g krkv yk;[ kd ukK l uukt dfk;D ]Cgu s , s s X dhO hH kugd 9kuukt8 n;k' 4g rkc hd uukt lm ]g kt L[v ]kr ;®l , s s , s a s 4g Cgu krxfk;im Bkd ;®l dfk;D 4krki u , s s X kt Cgu kd ;®l ue Syflb jkv 4kg L[7L[ kgo df ]g d;æokv IXeIkid s , X a a a T Z a d ue 4kg rtfkHof ue df g hjWt Syf d ekd d ue ]g rtfkHof ue s s , s s , 2Wd Nd cr ]way pkl ygi e 2g Cgu oHl Syf je kujd h a q s s T , a s s H Nd dr cr ];kt kg u ;r g; dr ct jkv `Wd kgd e kdum ]g sLc q s s , a a T s T \ u ]g IkN u3g d phc ydycf kt ]g hH lS jIe Nd udfy 4n jd xy T s s T s q s T s s q s wa v Lc jkv IkN ]g rgd dhO ikv 4g k;x Li e ydæfe hLc e ]kgd ulm s \ , s s T s wa \ X q \ T s
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]g thp Nd jkv 2g LdI ]L[7L[ s; jkv kF Bkdb L[v dS henkv go T X q , T s \ q a a , a dfk;D ]g Cgu henkv hgo g; ]s;jfd ke{ df gd kyko ujd ei go jGf X , s s zs 4g ntke lke , w , a cl go ]kF lke kurtf 4g ntke u[ cl go ]kF u[ kurtf 4y kojd pk a , w , w w X a t hjkl ikv 4g hH cv ljkG¬kG kurm ]kF ljkG¬kG kurtf 4g e hÒg hH , s s , X cv e;ufke;¥S kurm ]kF e;ufke;¥S kurtf e henkv lm 4y kojd pkt s q s q X X a X e hjIjkcy jdkt ikv 4g hH kdub uto hg kurm ]kF kd henkv lm ut s s s , o kurtf dfk;D ]Xy ykr ji wtkjr ikv ]g kji kd kji go df gd eg jkv X , , w w X , 4g Cgu g; go ]kF k;df ei ltf kr ue 4 , zs s s s T k;df Cgu ei hHd sue kd kt†e7lke lb 4k;df Cgu ei hHd ue kd sLep zs T s a zs s T s \ lb 4k;df Cgu ezsi sue kd k;Òfg ub 4g Cgu henkv go g; df kxgd go T s X , s kr 4henkv kjk;î jkv jnl kjkgér kgj g; df X;kv y lm eg jGf 4,g he s , qa q s s nkv kjk;î rgc ]g jnl rgc df kg kgj krgd j,kv ]kg kgj krjd ezsi slm q , qa q s s Bkd 4Xn kyG lke7hÒg 4ykL jd LdI7sLdI dlm eg 4kntV g henkv dS s , a X s \ q \ q s , 4kF L[v go 4hF xyv hg rkc yG 4kF Cgu a w kux lkpi yG 4kruc Cgu ;nkl ]xgd ikv hH cr ]xy jd e ue hH k<x q w Z T s X s X X q kd lkpi e hL[i huiv ikv 4kx;kt kg dhO Nd cl n;k' kr n jd e X q\ a s s q s wa T k<x kd lkpi jxv ]g lki je kt ]xXpkl ikv kr ]g kLdI kolkpi g; d q , s s s s s s , \ q a f gd e jxv `kF k;D jnl df kryp Cgu kri hH Nd llm ]g h;kv hL[ wa T qa q s , q\ i Bg hII e Fkg je 2kF jnl kLc yG ]g krgd 4g krkg eyke yxki he a q w X s s qa \ w , , s w nkv g; df xkg hH ukjg LkF ikv d¥fc 4kx;kv Cgu kl¬gf Bkd kd ;nkl s X , s s\ s s Z T s dlm elm ]kx;kv kl¬gf kolkpi kt 4kx;kv Cgu hH Nd lki dikv 4kx; X s a s s q s s kv Cgu lki dikv kl¬gf kolkpi hH djd LdI lkpi 4kF e ywG L[v g s a s s \ q X a o ]kF ;nkl kt kd yG dfk;D ]sxdl ukt Cgu ikv hH kl¬gf kolkpi ]Cgu Z T s w X X a 4xy ukt hH ikv k s X s r kl¬gf kolkpi udfy ]kji hgl u ]kF kukt ue Z;nkl kt df gd kdikv a s w s T T s wa s jkv n n kdikv kLdI dS7dS l e kLdI lkpi um3g ;nkl kt kd yG , wa s s \ q s X X \ q , Z T s w df gd e jkv 4ykL jd LdI lkpi d yG jkv [n kd ywG e lt hg slS wa T , wa s \ q s w , wa s s T s , s 4g krdl kg ;®l hg jdkg L[ , s s a v go 4g krkt kg Ow> hg rIc jkv g krkt Ic e kL[ uhr ]g kt ;®l sl , s s a , , a X X a , s e;÷ke d ue hg lS 4g hrkt kg hNjrf hLdy e e;÷ke d huki slt ]kxk s s s , s \ X s , s g kO> hg kurm go 4g kgj kt kgd l kL[ d ue go ]g kgj kt kgd kt w , s X a s , s dfk;D 4krkt gj Cgu ;®l go ]g kgj kt kgd kt udfy 4g ;kim d ugd X , s s T s s jrhH d k"kH o 4g xk;ukK ]g xk;rDfH ]g xk;ed jGf 4g r¬kj uhr jGf s s , s , s , s Z T s s kr 4sxX>el hg e k"kH ]g krgd henkv dfk;D `kx>el ld jgkc d k"kH X , X s s , s
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dyfke jkpof kd ;®l 4g krkg dyfke oHuv kd ;®l ]g kgj gd e kr hg , , s , q wa T s o 4g Cgu jkpof rfHuv ]g Cgu jkpof u'n ]g Cgu jkpof I‘fn 4g hrdl , w q , Z , 1 , kg dyfke I‘fn 4krkg Cgu dyfke jkpof ]kgd ue 4krkg Cgu hH Nd dy s , 1 s , s T s q fke df kgd Cgu g; sue cr ]krkg Cgu dyfke jkpof df kgd g; ue ct , T s , s T `g hld o `g jk/m `g dyfk T , s T T , e so ]g kgj gd rkc e huk; g gj gd rkc ikv kt kt jGf kr 4krkg Cgu wa X T T s X s s s s dyfke ukK 2g rgd ikv ]krkg Cgu dyfke jkpof df g kNi u _ef dS , T s s , , w s 4g krdl pgi u ]g kpgi , qa , qa u dr ;®l hH Bkd l kxke um Syflb 4g xke hg d ue o 6d ed ]d r s s ˜ T Z s s s Z s DfH ]d ukK3g Zxke uhr skt jkeg jkv 4g Cgu xsk;im Bkd kd ue e ;®l s T s , , s X 4sl suiv g krLi kukg r/facl e ;®l ]l kjln g krLi kukg r/fcl e jklal , \ s a X s X w , \ s a a X 4 Gjr hd jrhH g krLi kukt e ;®l ]Gjr hd jgkc g krLi kukt e jklal , \ X , \ X 4g UHf ydycf ugko kd tkgt Bkog 4g UHf ydycf k_k; , q , q go 4Gjr hd jiM g krLi kukt kd tkgt 4Gjr hd xkv g krLi kukt , \ s s , \ kd hLkxyc 4Gjr hd jiM ]ydI√o ]Gjr hd c l v phu3g krLi kuL\m s \ , s s , \ kd tkgt Bkog 4g krLi kuyp e k[j7trf{f ]yIükthjkg ]e k[j h/hl ]G s , \ X s Œ s X s jr hd c l v3g krLi kuyp kd hL\kxyc 4g krkt ync u'e;kL kd 'kd s , \ s , , X kv dfk;D ]kxkg ugko hg kjlwn Syf d uLm e 'kdkv 4hrdl Lm Cgu e X s s s \ X \ X 'kdkv Syflb ]g hryp ji uhet hLkxyc e ylv 4g ryx kupkl kjkeg , \ , X , s `hxL\m u s X k;D e 'kdkv cr ]g hrkt yp ji uhet ct hLkxyc df pkl jxv eg 4h X , \ , X s rdl Lm Cgu e 'kdkv hLkxyc udfsy ]g hryp ji uhet hLkxyc dS d \ X \ , , \ , f lt ]g gj jd yH hd gjr hlm eg `yp u k;D ekd kd ;®l kr ]g kr s , T s w s X s , kt yp ekd kd rxt l ue df g rpkl eg df g g; BkuOfd hjkeg jkv s T s s , , 4g /kjov dS ]g ljLgV dS ue Syf d ;®l ]g xk;gl ue Syf d , s , X s , s s rxt 4g k/kc dS ue Syf d ;®l ]g u/kl dFkl dS ue Syf d rxt , s , Z s 4g krLi kun LkN endS ue kgo 4Cgu krx , \ s s\ a fk;im Bkd hdlm kgo ]kg kuht Fkl d ke®keji eg kgt udfy 4g krxfk; s s a s s X a s , s im hdlb kgo ]g rht Fkl d kue jln jkv ]g rht phc d k;efnkv eg a T s s X s w , T s s X akgt e rxt lb 4Cgu e rxt lm udfsy ]Xe rxt lb hdlm g krxfk;im X X , s 4g krLkr , s\ kd kthp go ]g kt ue 4g k;∂fi hd uL[ ue 4g k;∂fi hd ujd L[ ue s X , s , z a , z s a 4 Cgu hg hrkg e L[ o 4g hrkt k[ e L[ jkv g hrkg Ixi hg e L[v kt s X a s T s X a , T s z X a s
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jrhH ]g krkg hH Nd jkv udfsy ]g hrkg 'ky hH hd henkv kntV 4krkg C , s q , , s s gu Nd jkv lki dlm 4g hrkg 'ky Glf 'ky df g krkg dG hg kurb l q , s , s Z , s Z c e henkv kntV jkv 'ky `g krkg dG k;D e henkv kntV jkv 'ky dS X , , s Z X , 4hxkg 'ky go ]hxkg kne k"kH go cr 4kxkg u oHuv dyfke Bkd hH Nh s s Z q s q , s s i d k"kH lm cr ]kg u oHuv Bkd lki je jkv kg hd hØdb l kckrdf s s q s s s , s s X s T ue k"kH g; df g krdl kg g; udfy `g hrdl kg htkr ld k"kH 4g hl , s s , s s , , kc go 4g gj jd xk;im ]l ykl k[ky ]ykl kjktg eg kt ]hxkg k"kH hg T s s s X X s s o 4hxkg k"kH kr go ]g kgj ykc kt e 4g hrdl xt lk;î 4g hGkd kr ; s s wa s s T , , s s kt xt hH lk;î hd ;®l 4kyef Cgu ;®l llm ]g k;x kgd hH kt dr cv s , s 4h;x kg hGkd rkc kr X;kt syp e tk[ hldf l lk;î lm ]l yk;[ lm s s X s s s ikv jkv 4;kt kv hH yk;[ g; ]kg gxt hlß Bkd n;k' 4s;kt pgi Cgd , s s s qa henkv g; df g krdl kg kr ;kt xt hH lk;î Glf l urb jxv3sl hd , s s s Z s s ip hje ]l suOc7suOm je ]l k[kv hje ]hd uk>el ]hd uykc3l huk'ji q s s , s s s X a s s s s s s hjkl hje3;kt kv hH yk;[ g; kdikv jxv 4g hGkd lc kr s;kt yef hH s s s , s lk;î jkv iLr kdikv jxv df g xk;im hg dS kd uykc jkv u[yf 4kx , \ s , s s s , s ;kt yef ;®l kdikv df g Cgu g; xk;im kd uykc jkv u[yf `g kgj s s , s s s , s , [yf Syfldf Bkd `g kgj yskc Syfldf Bskd `g kgj ykc Syfldf e jGf s , wa s T 4g kr , yef ;®l kgt ]kxLi sukg kL[ gxt lm hg kdikv kr kg kutk[ jxv ;®l a s \ s \ s s s s 4 sxyef hg nç' lkc Glf ]kx;kt yef Cgu ;®l l uul kd jkv hldf k; sl X s Z s s s q s , s q s q wa uul >e ]g krgd kr Syflb 4xXpgi hg nç' lkc kr dr ikv `kxpgi sl s s qa s s s qa d dr ikv 4pgi dr ikv ktkr df g Cgu hjWt jGf 4g hrkg ydæfqe hLc , s qa , , s \ e ugd cr 4g hrkt kg ydæfe hLc kr g rykL e hlkc eg ct kd tkr X s , s q \ s T s X s s Syflb 4hlkc knl g k"kH jkv ktkr knl g ;®l dfXk;D ]hd ugd kd ;®l , , , s s g BkuOfd kr Syfhlb jkv 4g rjd xk;im ikv kt ]hxLi hujd xk;im , s , T s s s s \ s hgo >e kr k"kH 4hxkg Cgu dyfke k"kH hje udfy ]hxkg dyfke kr rfhr s q s s , s s s , s i hje kr ]Mkv sugd likv jkv y ukt kd ;®l e jxv 4g rkc kn udfy z s s a s , wa s T T X s s 4rkg Cgu dyfke hHd _¬k' d ;®l udfy ]g hrkg dyfke knl kr rfHuv s s , s s , s , s w q hd ;®l 4g Cgu kuukt kd kjkpof ]kuukt skd ;®l 4g kuukt hg kd kjkp , s X , s X of ]kuukt e /cl d ;®l 4krkg Cgu dyfke go cr ]g srukt Xe /cal d X a a s s , T a s ;®l ikv ct udfy ]kxkg dyfke kr kuukt go kr xukt kd ;®l ikv ct s s , s s s X s 4Sgfkp kuy >el sl hd s hjkc hl7hLkF kd rkc lb 4g Cgu klkc ]g Cgu jk/m go 4g dyfke ydyc s\ s , , , , q f ]g yutfjfkv ydycf kuukt go kr ]sxukt kd ;®l ikv ct 4krkg Cgu , s q s X s s
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ugko yod jkpof cr udfy 4g krLi kujd xk;im kd jkpof kr kg kugd s s , \ s s s hH kd rfHquv udfy 4g krLi kujd xk;im kd jkpof kr kg kugd hH kd s w s , \ s s s s rfwHuv udfy 4rkg Cgu dyfke jkpof ]g hrkg dyfke hg k;rfwHuv Glf q s s s , T s , a q Z 4g hrkg hg dyfke k;rfHuv T s , a w q 4g hjWt , kujtqx l kLhi oli hd ujd kni kd ;®l 4krdl kt k;yf Cgu jk/m ;®l s \ z s , s 4g krdl kg k[k/ 4 , s s kryp Cgu ekd l Ic jk/m Syflb 4g hrkg kni hH ke e <{ d ukg kn,i s s s , s , a X s s s d Ic `hxkg kn,i ld ke 4hxs;kt uc ke3g krdl kt k;yf hH jk/m kr k s s s s s , a a , s s d Ic df g r>el eg kr 4g hrkt kg ywH Syflb ]g kvg kni hg kIc df s s T s s , s , q , s T s g r>el l jkrekv eg ]g hrI? Fkl dS kuI? g; 4g hrkg kni ke Nhi s , , , s , a s j/m ]g krkg kni kIc j/b 4g krLi kukg kni hH kd ke 4g hrkg kni hH , s , s , \ s , s a , s , ke e Fkl ]krkg Cgu kni hg kIc Glf cr ]g krkg kni kIsc ct ]gj uk;÷ a X s , s Z , s , s 4krdl kg Cgu hg eüt kd rfF¬f hd ukg d ke kucf d jk/k s s s s a s v d I‘d jkl lm 4g ryfeéfl hH I‘d kd un eüt kd pπc ]g ryfeéfl s s , s s s s , hH oli go ]g ryfeéfl hH kLhi hd suhge ku go Xe ukg ke `g krdl skg z , \ , s s a , ryfG ld l suy jk/m kd Ic ]kukg ke dfk;D `g krdl yef ld 4krd s , s s s s s s a X , s , l yef Cgu hHd lm go ]g kd ukg ke kt oHuv ;¥egc rgc dS ]udfy s , s s a s q w q q s 2g hrxy uuke ke kd uiv hH go ]g krxy , s a s s , s ugd ke lm kIc 4g krkg kni kok[nf lc 4hrki uc Cgu ke hHd ke jkv 4 a s s , s , a a , g hg jk/m kpπc jk/m udfy 4g rkt pc l kLhi hd oli 4g uklkv knk; , s T s s \ z , † kuy y kpπc jk/m e ylv 4g hrjtx l kLhi hd oli ]g hrjd kni kd s s X , q s \ z , , s pπc ct ke `g dG k;D e kukn df g k;df oHuv dG hHd 4g hry y s a , Z X X s , q Z , s s nkx kd spπc d jln hldf ke dS jkv g hrjd kni kd pπc uiv ke dS s s s s w a , , , s s s a 4kx;kt kg uhgFv ]hxs;kt kg hu s s Z s keBc kr dl kt k;nf e Fkg jdkOm ;®l jxv 4g ;¥egc hgo ]kxkg kt Xe s s s X , w q s s cl lm3e suIef ]e k_k; hd sukt ]e sukt dr lm ]e ucL elm ]Xe k_k; X X X X s w X hdlm ]e sutk[ kdlm dfk;D ]kxLi kutk[ hg kdikv ;®l go ]Cgu 4hx; X s s X s \ s s s kt gj Cgu rehd Bkd hdlm df kxkg kr¬l kurb ;®l go kr s;kt yef ; s s s ®l kdikv l knç' je jxv dfk;D ]Sgfkp hukg Cgu yg df hd ke®keji h s s X s s X s Lc g kiÎ jkv 4hxkg Cgu yg hH hHd 4g BkuOfd hd knl ]g BkuOfd rqgc \ , , s , , 4Xpgi hg nç' ZGlf dr ikv ]g krd qa , l kg 4g ydæfe rgc `hxpgi dr ikv rkc kntV go udfy 4hxkg hH rkc s , q q s qa s s kntV dS ]kxkg hH <ki dS jrhH dum kr kg oHuv hH kje jxv udfy s z s s s q s s 4Sg je3xkg q s s X 'ky o kr n gd likv jdkOm kd knç' l k_¬k' e jxv 4g hH <ki dS s s wa s s X s X T , z
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4hxkuc Cgu ke hH kr s a s s s ky y hH kl rkl er 2C;ki uc Cgu ke hH hHv er udfy ]e j? g ;x , q a q s X T s kg Ødb pπc jRl cv 2k;yf y kjln uer cr ]C;ki uc Cgu ke er cr s s s s w s q a q ]k;yf kpπc dS suer ct ]kgd ue 4hxkvki uc Cgu ke hH kr ky y pπc q s T s a s s s s ,kl rkl `k_k; g; hxdQ cd df kgd sue kr kvg ukege j? dum e ct s T s q s s T 2;ki kuc C s gu ke hH pπc jRl 2h;ki kg Cgu ke hHv rjkv go hH jGf udfy 2k;x a s s a , s s kg ;ykFkuv dS ]kdum g kt j? kji 4hrn jd W' kuyki kdlm kr ];kt , s w s q s s s kv kpπc Fkuv hH Bskd 2hrkt hyp hg hrkPc pπc ]Cgu rgc7LkF 2sF [j \ s q s s\ s yki pπc Fkuv jRl ulm3hF kygfe rfiLkjd3Cgu rgc7LkF ]ulm kr 4 s s s\ q s s\ s s kvg Cgu kIc kdlm ]g kygfe kt hd j? lm 4g krkg ukege e j? dS Te q s s , s wa s s X 4g , hrkg yH e Ic jk/m jkv e Ic suiv lt ]g hrkg yH hg hlS e kjkpof s w X s s , X s s s , , s w s X X jkv rfHquv udfy 4g hrkg dyfke hg rfwHuv 4Sgfkp hukg jkv g hrdl k , w s , s , q s , , s g dyfke rfHquv udfsy 4g F;ø go kF;üv ]g Fv Bkd kdlm hHr 4Sgfkp , w , Z , Z s hu>el kdcl eg 4g /cl kd phc jkeg k"kH dfk;D ]hxkg hlkc kr k"kH s , a a s X s s `Cgu hH kxs>el Bkd s s lm 4g krdl yp hH ykc kucf dlm `g rjWt k;D hH hd uykc slm ]x , s s s , s s s >el hg ikv kd k"kH ltf jkv 4sxX>el hg ikv skdlm dfk;D ]g hjWt kuk X s , X , s g yxki kr kg huykc k"kH dyfke kr>el Cgu jkv Bkd 4g sr>el hg yd s s s , , s T s s v kd k"kH huiv o dfk;D ]g krLi kujd nc e uk[yxki lm kr Syflb s s X , \ a X s s s ]g rykc k"kH dyfke yxki 4g rdl ykc hg yxki ZGlf kr k"kH dyfke T s s , T s s s , 4g kri hH , kd jkv hldf dfk;D ]hx;kt kg hlkc kr ]g kr>el jkv Bkd jxv dfk;D s , X s s s , , s X 4dl >el u Bkd jkv3g krdl >el hg Te kdltf df kxkg cyre hg d s s , wa s s S kd k"kH dyfke 4kg dyfke ydycf kt ]g krdl ykc k"kH hlß dS Te , s , q s wa s 4x;ki u hg >el ikv kr kg dyfke so jxv 4rdl kg Cgu dyfke hHd o s X s X , s s , s 4rdl kg Cgu dyfke kr o ]g kgj gd l kjkpof utf ]l Xknç' utf ]g k s s , s s wa s X s wa gj gd kt ]g kgj gd e ct 4;x k[ ikv cr ]g hgo hH e ycfbkc ],g hg s wa T s s , X o hH e ukjd ]g hgo hH e krhx 4kF k;x kgd kt ]g kgj kt kgd kr hgo X q , X s , s 4g Pi jkc rgc jkv ]g ul jkc rgc kr nç' 4g Cgu T s \ q , T s q q s , rkc Bkd e ugko lb ]g k[n jkc rgc ugko g; df kxyp kri hH kdikv s X , s q s s kr sx;ki ukpgi Cgu kd jrhH jkv xXukpgi hg kd ugko jxv jkv 4kxy s X s , s s , s p kri kd dyfke kr sxukpgi ikv jxv lm ]g kO,c kt jrhH d ugko 4g , s X s , s s ,
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044 fo 843 egaP

`g lH7;kx Bkd hH huiv hjr ]kgd u 0c , T s s s q 4g ewyke k;“l hd lH7;kx hd jH okx >qe , a X T a s 4g rnkv hd knl hje g; ]kg ] kgd ulm 4g krjd kuxf lH7;kx hd Xkjl , s a s , X T w n jdOc jkudf d hnu r df g kul ue 4g hul jc[ dS e /cl sjr uTe , s s w , q s T , q X a a s s udfy ]kt kv kr g ñte hjr ]kgd su 0c 4kn n k{hn hH >e df kgd sl s s , s q s s s q 0c ulm 4kF kgkojp dS kyko sujp ;kx go ]k;kv henkv dS lki d 0c q s s q 4g rgd jdukt o ]g hgl Syf dum go 4 T s s , s Cgu hgl Syf je ]Cgu hgl Syf jkgér go 4g rgd Syf uiv ]g rgd hH s s s q T s s T s s s T s kt o 4g rgd 0c go udfsy 4g rgd ryx o df krgd Cgu hH e `hxg q T s s T s d Ow> krhx `sxgd ryx 0c 2g rgd 0c dfk;D ]g hrgd krhx dfk;D ]g X q T s q X , X , ke®kv df g kgj ukt go hH sygi d suNi g; `g ke®kv ]kNi ulm 2Cgu , s w , w s hg kNi ulm 4kF krdl kv hH jRm kuiv kr Cgu ]kNi Cgu l hjknukeB w s s w s hg uæi Bkd ulm hHd df g g; kte jkv 4g lkc jkv jk/m jRm ; 4g z s s , , T s , s , Cgu kuiv kdlm jRm g; 4g ke®kv3g rgd jhokge ]g rgd <‘Î dfXk;D , T s T s ]g hrgd krhx dfk;D ]g k[yf e n"ufim dfk;D 49g8 ]g krgd go 4krL\i , X , X X , , Cgu kuukt lm kr `g ke®kv sNi Bkd llm jxv 2g krOm Nhi ykol ]g s s , w s s , s T s s s s rkg l ygi jRm lki dlm kr g krOm e hxntf hdlm ykol Bkd jxv s s , X a s 2g kry ukt l [kv , s s a hd kjln knl go 2hrkt gj Cgu hg krd;æokv hd uukt l Gjr huiv slm X w s s 2g krkg kri Nd rgc lm hg sygi d uukt dfk;D ]krki Cgu hg ukt go , s q q s s s X hHd jGf 4g hrkt cn kre{ hd uukt huiv hdlm df g kry jd kØdb , s , s kurb go 6g kry jd jk/m kurb3jk/m kurb ]l kjln g kry ukt go ku , s s X w , s rb 4g oHlv kukg hukK kd rLfi Syflb 4g ry jd kØdb eg ukK kurt , a s a T s s f ]g hrkt kg ed hg hurm rDf' hd uukt df g g; kr rkc hd te jkv , s s , s s , 4g Cgu kuiv go ]g k;df kØdb ulm kt ukK u , , s s dfy ]g huiv lki d rDf;ø d;®i kr rDf' hd uukt 4g jk/m cl go ]g s , s s z s s , , k;yf jd kØdb ukK sue kt udfy 4g dyfke kr go ]g rDf' hje kt hd T s s , , s , s s s uukt 4g xbku cyre kd suukt jkv g tyku cyre kd ukK 4g dG kLk , a s , , s , Z s\ F e ukK jkv uukt 4 g jk/m ukK ]g Cgu jk/m kuukt 4g jk/m ukK cl X , s , , T 4Xy >el jkv kLkF lb 4g Cgu Zxke ukK ]g krgd Te Syflb 4g j , s\ s , wa T k/m ukK jkv jkpof jkv 4krdl jd Cgu ekd hH ;®l jk/m 4rdl jd Cg , , s u ekd Ic jk/m 4g hrskg kni hg Fkl d Ic go 4g krLi kuy eüt kd ke s s , , s s s , \ s s a 4k;ki yef Cgu >e [ s q l kd sukg ke udfy ]Syf y surb sue kr pπc 4g krkg oHuv hH >e kr q s a s s T s s , s q s q s g; 2g rgd k;D ikv g; ]kgd ulm ]s;x kv lkv e [kv hd kygfe lm T s s w a X a
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hH ue 4g hyko sukv Fkl hH xkv go dfk;D ]g kjc rgc kuy jH ke®kv s T , s X , q q s 4kx;kt IwN Cg; Ii dfk;D ]g Cgu hH kjc kurb kuy jH Ii ]gj uk;÷ jkv s s X , q s s s , `g kL[ ji tkojn d wa \ s s 0c ]d ekj ]d <‘Î k;D `g kgj xke [hH k;D e3g dhO hji kurp hjse q s s X wa a X T , w s df rpskl Cgu e /cl uiv eg hHd udfy `g krxke [hH k;D ]Tg rct s X a a s s , a X w e ji7Fkg lki jr 4g kjc ]g rgd kr kd henkv rxke [hH ji dLl eg , s s , q T s s s s a \ 2g ry jH hH kd ke®kv huiv o ]g xae T s s s s T s [Hf kt e /cl d ukK udfsy 4g kry sy hIkj kn ]g krjH hg Ii kuiv k s X a a s , s s s , s nk;† l knk;† kr g krkt kg kL[ jdLkt Fkg ji jk} dikv jxv j[fkv k s s , s \ s\ s xe[Hf dfk;D 4Cgu kjc kurb ]kukg kxe[Hf e /acl d u/ ]gj uk;÷ jkv a X q s a X a s s , 4kxe[Hf ]chjx3kxWe hg uhn ]kxgj hg uhn a a wa e 4kyko sukg Cgu hH Nd hH djd Ødb jRm d k;ufn hjkl kr g Cgu j T s q s s s q s , Rm Bkd kuiv lki je jxv `kg kje kt ]kg kuc jdv jrhH je thc kd s s s s s s s q a s s ltf ]kg kyduf l k<ki je kt ]kg kOm l jrhH jse skt ]kg k;x kv sl hx s s X z s s s s s s s ntf hje kt 6kg jRm kje kdltf ]g ykol klS /kdS 4Sgfkp kje hH jR a s s s s , s s m kr g kje ykol 4kxyp Cgu ekd ]kdikv jRm jkv kje ykol ]gj uk;÷ s , s s , s s 4Sgfkp jRm hg kuiv j,kv ]g ykol hH kuiv d , f Mkt yH e df g krdl kg kurb ]kg `g krdl kg k;D >e ]kxkg kvg k a w T , s a , s s q s q s d <‘Î `g krdl kg kn;kG k;D l uuxf lH7;kx hd <‘Î 2g gj uxf lH , s s s T T s T 7;kx hd kjln eg df g rkt hg yH g; jh/7jh/ jkv 2g rkt yp ;kjgk X w T s w s s , T s s s s n dkyæ ]g ry jd F¬Od ]g ry Pi krhx jdOm gcl tkj ]g rkt yp ; s T s s a T s s \ q s T s s s kjgkn kd knç' d kjln eg Syf d ukiNf kd kr–jfn lb 4Cgu kukt Nd s s X s X w s s s q ueg 4krkg Cgu Nd ;≈k; ugd lki jkeg 4xLi eyke –jfn7uhn endS eg s s q s s s s X \ w s kr `kukt ue kt ]g ;≈k; sugd Nd hH lki je df Ni l uiv eg jxv s T s , s q s s X w s s `g lki jr ;≈k; ugd Nd kr g kvqg kni , s s s s q s , , hH r `e rxt lb g kugd Nd hH kjr `g krgd k;D r 4kukt Li re Xe w X , q s , w \ hruxf hdlb `g rgd k;D ekj jkv `g rgd k;D <‘Î `g rgd k;D 0c T s , T s T s q df gj kruxf jkv ;kv sy kg; hd suuxf lH7;kx rnkv hukji kr Cgu 4kr s , s a T q s uxf re kd k;®l d kjln ][j uk;÷ udfsy ]y y r kr k{hn ]kgd u 0c s X s X w s s w s s q 2g lTH7;kx Bkd hH huiv df s;kt yH hg y , s w kol s>r ruxf7ruxf lH7;kx hd kjln df g krdl kg kurb ]akg 4hx;kt k q s s X T X w , s X s g Cgu lTH7;kx hjr llm ]y uxf hg kurdf lH7;kx hd kjln ]kgd u 0c s s s X T X w s q 4kOm Cgu hg ykol e ue je kr g; `g rkOm ykol ld hH ikv 4g hjse X s s s T s s , T X T lH7;kx hHl ; df g kxy uxy klsS kr >e ruxf7ruxf lH7;kx hd okx s , s s s q s s T a jkl jkv 4g lH7;kx Bkd hH huiv df kOm Cgu hg ykol g; df kgj k> s , , T s ym kurb e e hruxf hd kjln 2k;kv Cgu hg yk;[ >e kr go ]kgd ulm T X X w s q s s
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j hH jI;îéd e lh[ ]hxkg u rjWt hd u[j 0fc jrhH uiv kdikv hn¥ w X s s s q s s t rgc kr cv 4k;x uc jI;îéd kr cv df g Cgu ;pækv rgc jkv 4g l q s w s , Z q , , bkoLf ydufde dS ]g _a; dS Glf 0fc Syflb 4hrdl Cgu ukt ],g hrd s , , Z q l uc rfe¬ Glf 0fc 4hrdl Cgu ukt ]g hrdl jd kØdb Glf 0fc jkv 1 Z q , Z q , 4krdl kg Cgu /çyim kd ukK Bkd l suy jd kØdb ukK ]Cgu 4g kcy r s s s s s , a gc ∂p7I‘n ]ydfl l;lfho g; jkv 2sxXxy ukv xky hH lki dlm jkv 2x q q Z , s s s , s ;kt kg Qqx dS hH o yd 2g Rfil Bkd hH lki uiv df xpkl djd kØd X s s , a s s s X s s b kd jpd cl jGf jkv 2Xy jd kØdb lm ];kt yef k;D l akgd 2g gj j s s , s s s T s Gf rtk[ kd kvQqx 2g gj kt lki d Qqx jlhr l Qx jln 4g gj kt lki s s s X T s s s s q s w T s sd Qx jln l Qqx dS 4Xy ukt Nd jkv 6y jd gxl jkv ]y jd Iye;D q s w s q , X z a , X s q q S jkv 6;kt Pc jkv ukK kdum df Syflb3g gj kt lki d kvQx o jkv , s \ , T s s X q s , 4kxkg tkjku g; kr g hyk[ lh[ jkgér df Xn s s T s s q rkc eg jkv ]g jhev e df kg yk;[ g; kd henkv hldf jxv 4hg kxkg , wa T s s s tkjku 2g krkg tkjku kLc ue kdum kr g Cgu hdikv rkc s; df skgd slu , s \ s T X m ]kvkygf ]kLk>a>f kdlm jGf jkv 2g hdum rkc s; lt df g gj gd rfk s s \ s , , X s , T s a H lb güm jkv 4g hy [hl l Cgd ukgüm rkc hjkl hd hjkl o ]g gj jd X , T s s X X s T s X rkc kt so 4g krxy sukj ;nÔ kje jd[n güm ]g rkv lki je xky urdf s , s s s X T s s s s s 2k;yf ukt kr ue df g krxy kdlm 2g krkt kg kd n[ k[k/ k s s T , s , s s q s Lc lcl kdlm 2g krkt n hH kd suiv ]g Cgu tg Bkd kr ]n n kd kjlwn \ s s , s s , Z s s s s s X 4g krkt n kd kjln df Cgu klsS 4g krkt n k[k/ kd ukg hukK jldv r , s s X w , s s s s Lfi 2eg rki jd Cgu hg dG e rLfi jkv hukK 4kryp Cgu kri df g e a s Z X a , , w l kurb k[k/ kd ukK df g g; kr Z;pækv jkv 4g k;nf k[k/ kLc u ukK s , s , , s \ s 4kxLi kukt y kd kurp hg huiv kr g kukt y ji k_k; kd kurp s \ s s s s , s s s huiv jxv jkv 4kxLi kuyp l kji hg uiv kr g hu[j s;kuc rdkr hd , s \ s X , s s , uyp e kj,i suiv jxv jkv 4kxLi ku[n l k[kv hg huiv kr g ku[sn sl s X X , s \ s s X a s , k[kv huiv jxv 4Cgu rkc hd hukjg Bkd elm kr n jd nc ku[sn [kv X a , s X s X a X a huiv hdlm jxv ]kx[n l k[kv hd kjln henkv kt jkv 2Cgu kr ;pækv s s s X a X w s , s Z s s kr ;kt yH kuyp jxv l kji uiv go ]kxyp l kji d Xkjln henkv kt w s X , s s s X , s w s 4g hrkt kg I‘u jh/7jh/ kre{ hd xbku ]hd uukt hd , s s s a s s lm ]kx;kt cn kt e ukK lm 2k;yf ukt hH ueg df y uke jkv ]y jd s s X s X , X F¬Od ]y jd nk; kdum eg 2Cgu rjWt hd uukt eg kr ]g k;yf ukt a X s s X s , su kjln 4ky jd kØdb ukK df g g; kr[nf 4g kr[nf yjl rgc xke ukK X w s , , q Z 4;kim go g kr[nf yjl udfy 4hxkg Fkl je kr g , s s s s s o ]g hy jH jdxke [hH ue ]ke®kv kt udfy 4x;kt yt l dS jhj' ku , a s T s s s X s X kn ji I?je ]kF k;kuc u[ jdked df ]kF k;kuc u[ e jhj' jdxke [ s w w X a

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i jd Cgu nk; eg e unf df g krkg klS jldv 4kgj eku g; df kxsn kr X , s s c e jn hLs\kF go 2n n jRm ld l endS go3g krxy rDo kd uh'e ]g X s s s s , s , s , uh'e 4kxsxy ;el ]kxxy rDo kdlm 4y jd kji ekd kuiv l hn¥t _; s s s w s a dfkr ];tfhn LkN Syf d jn hLkF kd 0fc 4;jfd hH Nd ];xfy uhi Isj s s\ s s s\ s q s q s s xlf ];xfy suhi ;kp ]s;xfy unk[ k∏x ]s;bkt yp e phxc ikv 2eku kgj s s s s X s g; df hxn n ckct djd ekd e jn hLkF 0fc 4s;xfy ujd ekd jkv N s s s X s s\ q s , d Syf d jn hLkF 4hxs;kt kg rdDnf hLc kr Cgu ]s;jfd re nk; eku sl q s s s\ s \ s endS kr ;kv nk; u eku kd hldf kdikv df g krkg klS jldv Syflb s s s , s s 4kxjd ekd _; go s a 4kjd ukyef kd yD' hn¥t7hn¥t `g henkv ukd g; df kxLi kutk[ sl s , , s \ s hn¥t kdlm ]g eku k[ky ]g jgp k[ky 4kxLi kutk[ kdlm ]g ykt kd s T X T s s X s \ s s , X k;rfe¬ jktg lki dlm dfk;D 2sy jd ekd jIw;îéd kuiv dr cr ]k;kxy 1 s X kdikv e krkc hjln 4Stfhy hi ;kp ]g krukpgi `g k;D hn¥t ] ;Ofc7; s X X w wa , s , s Ofc df gd e jkv3hn rljG s>e hl7hLkF suikv jxv 4kxs;kt kg LcLx c , wa T , q q s\ s \ \ l kr ;ufkpgi hn¥t df kgd jkv hd hn¥t rgc uikv jxe 4g hrkt kg L s s , q s , s cL\x kr Cgu ]Sgfkp hujd Cgu hn¥t Fkl d _a; 4kxs;kt kjc? go kr hd h \ s s s n¥t rgc suikv jkv 4kxjd uhctk[ l hn¥t skt ]g _a; xyv dS 0fc go q , s s s , q 4g hrjd tk[ e ]g k[n Cgd ]kg ]g hrgd 0fc 4dku g; ]yD wa s T , s a , q ' g; ]ykc g;3g krkv e yk;[ kjgp g; ]g k[n Cgd henkv g; 4kukpg , X s , s s i hn¥t ]g krgd l 0fc huiv e 4g k;x Li e ydæfe e cv 2>qe uikv wa s q T wa \ X q T s s dr hHv Cgu kukpgi ]g kgj gd henkv go jkv `g k[n Cgd ]kd henkv , , , s s lb ktk[ hn¥t ]g krNi l uh'e huiv ]l jIw;îéd uiv e cv 2k[sn Cg s s wa w s s s T u df k[sn hHd kd henkv lb df k;x Li e jdDp lb kt3g xyv kr Te s \ X s wa s `kxkg k[ s n kgd3g krNi l 0fc huiv ]g krNi l jIw;îéd uiv e `kxkg k[n kgd s a wa w s q wa w s s T s s a 4Cgd g kr k[n ]g krpkl e `kukpgi ]g srNi l>e ikv jkv ];kv uy , s s wa s T T w s q , s s ef l>e ikv gcl ]g krkt kg klS jkc rgc 4g xyv rgc l 0fc ikv ` s q q , s s q T q s q g Cgu 0fc ikv df k;df yk;[ suiv hHd 4g k[j jd <je¬ cl uikv Xe T q , s ltf ]g ;kim dS kd <je¬ 0fqc 4g jI;îéd 0fc 4g hgj jd hg; hH 0fc , , w q , q 4kukt yduf ji k_k; huiv jkv kuy [j e lh[ kd jIw;îéd jdkg Uli ikv 4kxn krc cl go 2g k , s X s s s z s , [yf g; e n"ufim ]g k[yf g; e krhx 2g ke®kv ]kxgd go `g ke®kv3k X , X , s , uy Ni jdykduf l lh[ kd jI;îéd suiv `g ke®kv df Om ykol hH ct s w s s s w , s 2kxn n ckot go jkv xn jd IG s s , s X f kd jIw;îéd dS 4kd kthp jd nk; jrhH df kxkg Cgu jWt 4kg rdl [ s s X X s s s
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4F o udfsy 2F gj [hl l jGf rDo rje e j[fkv ;3jkp kn jkv kn ]k s s s s s s X s s , s s n dS jkv dS 6x ][ ]d 2Li su[hl l jGf ]l]c ]v güm df hF h;x kg , s \ s X s g; hdum rykg e j[fkv 4h;x hyp rkc jgkc d kehl hdlm jGf 4k;x sn X s ckot xkenf df k;yf ekd kurb3C[yf ckrdf hurb ]k;yf ekd kurb 4g X , krLi kuy ekd knk;† dfk;D ]g rdl kg ckj[ hH hHd jIw;îéd d krLfai \ s X T s s s X s \ s Lc 4F rLfi Lc 4F nc e ykri¬v d hy¥nf 4k;x kg ckj[ jI;îéd kd a s \ s a X s s w xkenf rDo hj[fkv7hj[fkv 4F rLfikge ]F rLfi Lc dS u;k;®Îkl ygkj s a s a s \ a q `krukpgi Cgu hH kd hldf e ]kgd u s T s X kgüm `Cgu kukpgi >e ]kgd ue `g ukd ikv ]xy uNi >e go 4h;x skg s q s T T , s s w s q ckj[ hdum rfe¬ 4g Lkdjf eltf ]k;x II _; go dfk;D ]kg k[sn u hH 1 , Z X w a X s d s>e ukgüm l,t ]sxy su[n >e go 4k;x j? dum ]k;x okx dum 4F P\i q s X s s s q s a s s s Fkl je e uipc ]k;x lki dum e 4kruke Cgu dhO Bkd kdum cv 4ru s s X s T s s s ke Cgu dhO cv kdum eg udfsy ]g dhO hH cv o 4k;x kg ckj[ _; 4h; s T s s a x k[ rfe¬ hjkl jkv h;x xy Ikp kd jlf 4Li jxf l uI ]g _ef dS jse s 1 , s s s \ s ≠s T s 4g xyv ydycf l 0fc ikv jkv 4g _; dS 0fc T q s q , , a q 4g krky tk[ jRm go 4g jk;r lki , s T , s dlm jRm cl o 4g k;x k;nf jH jI;îéd 4g jk;r _a; kjkl lki sdlm d s , w , , fk;D ]g krky ykduf jRm ujkG go jkv `g krkg kurdf l ujd k<x kd X , , , , s s s q ºº£ jkv ºº£ df g rNi lum eg yd jGf 4g rn jd IGf eg cl ; , T s w s T s s s 4g krkg ku l ujd k<x kd uhr j,kv uhr 4g rkg jkp kn jkv kn 4g hrskg , s , s s q T s s s , s , hruxf dr ln l dS ]g hrkg hruxf hd dr ku l dS df3g gj k[lf k s , s , s T s s d pπc eg 2g utkH go3g gj k[lf e yd¬ eg kt ]g gj k[lf kd kpπc s , s T s X w s T s s X eg lt ]g klsS utkH 4hx;ky tk[ ykol go kr g k;x k;nf n utkH sl s , , s s s s , s s ygi kdlm jxv 4kg k;x k;df IGf kdlm jxv ]g hrdl ky tk[ 0fc s s s s , s q hdikv ckot kd kykol uOfd rgc d k;ufn df hxkg hukjg jdukt kdikv X q s q s , s 2hrkt kl jGf jkv hrn [yf ykol jkv hrOm Xe nCu s , s , rkj 4hrkt kl jd[j jkudf d jr¬cf eyd7txkd kr krkg u yg ykol 4 s s s s s rjd yg ykol ]hrkt dF dr ek' ]rkj go 4k;df xk;im hxntf hjwi ul s s a s m kr h;x Li eyke chdjr kGn dS lm ct 4rkj jddF hrkt kl go kr s \ w s s s 4g hrdl jd ekd l kF¬o;ø huiv kr u , s s h'e 2kjd hn¥t ]rgd ikv 4hrkt Li e ydæfe uh'e Fkl d krohr rfv s s \ X q s z dfk;D 2g hrkt kLcL\x uh'e kr hrkt kg dl®m rgc go Syf d ujd y X , \ s s q q s s g ykol go ct dfk;D 2s;df yg e nCu cl ulm ykol o ]hyef 0flfi X X s s z hLc lm e ujd yg kd kykol utf ]kyef tbki ycku kdltf ]hj;D eL,e \ s X s s X z s s w 2k;x kg dhO cl ]g kryp kri ji ukg gcl 2g krkt kv nk; s , s s q , e nCu rkj ]rki jd Cgu nk; jH unf 2g krkt kv nk; rDo rkl rkj ]srk X s , s s
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ukpgi Cgu ydycf df n n ckot jI;îéd jdkg L[ uekl dltf ];ki u q s s w s s \ s s X kpgi u ydycf ikv kdltf 4g y[ kyt7kyef Nd hg kd ukK dikv ]kd q s , s q q s rfe¬ hdikv g; 4g Cgu ukoxH g; df kuy >el ikv kr ]g hg; ]g dhO 1 , s s , , df y jd tbku≈djf ]Xy ukpgi ikv jxv jkv 4ukoxH kgj g; ]kg ]Xn kr X , a c df kdltf ]Cgu rfe¬ Bkd hd ukoxH lki d _a; d rfe¬ hjkeg 4g Cgu s 1 s s s 1 , kukt ukoxH kr su jIw;îéd jkeg 4g Cgu hg rfe¬ Bkd l s s , 1 s ki jkeg hd ukoxH dfk;D ]g Cgu ukoxH go ]y ukpgi ikv kdltf ]Cgu s X , X s 4x;kt ukpgi yko uuke s X s s kd _¬Fjt udfsy ]sx;ki ukpgi Cgu ikv kr ;kt yef _¬Fjt jxv kdikv s q X s X q s `g ukd g; `g kyeke k;D g; `g k;kxy [ijke kld ` , , , , a s , g henkv ukd g; ]kxgd go 2kxs;ki ukpgi u kyko uuke kd I¬bk∂ udfy , , s s s s 4g dhO hdkc ]g k;kxy , , kNjrf [ijke kjt ]g kgj xy dhO henkv g; ]kg 4kxn n jRm jI;îéd 4g a s , a s s w , krLi ewyke kukpgi henkv g; ]kg 4sxy ukpgi ikv kr ;kt yef srktc \ a X s X hjlkc hlS go jxv 4g sL[ Sg rktc hjlkc ]g gj [n e jnfe eg slm 4 q a s T \ q s q a T s s X a g Sg jH e jI;îéd go dfk;D ]sxy ukpgi ikv kr X;kt yef ukoxH <‘Î T q s X w X X s jxv ]kg `g ukd g; ]g Cgu kyef hHd henkv g; ]Cgu kxgd go `kukp a , , , s gi ]xXNi l jI;îéd uiv ikv 2sukpgi Cgu ]xgd ikv kr `ukpgi 2 ukt s w s w s s X s s BkH df gd jd[j Fkg ji /d jkv ;kt yef kdikv tkv ke®keji jxv s s a , s s 4kg Bg ukpgi ]kg kvg uyef hHd kjkeg lltf ]g krdl s q s q s , jd ekd hgo kr _a; g; 4kvg Cgu uyef hHd kjkeg llm ]Cgu rfe¬ Bkd s q s 1 s hjkeg hd ke®keji dfk;D ]krdl jd Cgu hH ekd kgo _; g; jGf 4Cgu X a a rjWt hd _; lb Bkd kgo 4g kukt Iky jdLkN cl 4g kgo ke®keji 4g a s a , , s\ , a T ;kv eg l kgt ]g kukt Iky ji lkl yutfjfkv ]g kuIky Nhi eg udfy s s a , , Z s s , , s X s 4g lkdof Syf d rjWt hd hxntf go 4g lkdof kd , s a , nkc rgc go ]g xkenf kjkeg kt go 4g kvg rlfdof e nkc jIw;îéd 4g y q , s , q X T s gi llm eg kr ]g ;kv eg ct l lki d ke®keji jkv 2g ukde Bkd kr s s T s s s , , s s ku ]g kukdOf Bkd kr ku ]g kri Bkd kr ku dfk;D ]hd _a; lm g Cgu r , s s , s s X , jWt Syflb3Syf d upgi lki d ke®keji dfk;D ]g Cgu rjWt hH Bkd s s qa s X , s hd _; lm Syf d upgi lki d ke®keji udfy ]g hjWt ydycf 4kxd a s s qa s s , q wa l Iky ld lifko e kr Cgu ]g kvg kjgO kgd e df Sgfkp kukg kri >qe , s , T s wa q a T s s kr g kuIky lifko j? >e hHv 4g hjWt rgc Syf d ekd d hxntf 4g s , , s q , q s s a , hjWt go 4g krLi kujd xk;im kdikv kdltf ]lki dikv g gxl d_fk; , \ s s s , z a a go ]g rgd ukK kuiv kdltf ikv df kuy >el l dhO kd rkc lb ikv T s s s s s 2k; nf jd nc hg ekd su uh'e 2h;x n hg ckct rfe¬ go ]s;x yH cl dfk;D a s 1 w X
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`g k;D ;®l `FI tb Ikgø ]kNi u Iy;ki , ≠q w s `g ykol k;D ]kgd u llht , s 4kv s kt n ckot sygi d uje ]g kuNi hH >e ykol dS df kNi jdkv e lki s s s , w s q w X ]sygi d suxy hyl kd llht jdkv u Iy;ki lm 4kjk} d Iy;ki3slm h; s w s s s x hn hyl kjk} d ;kjlbko ]juox ltf sygi d ukdIy ji hyl kd llht w s Z s s w s 4Cgu hH go ]Cgu 4g hg; kg df Syf dlm kxn IdGfñIl ukd `kxn u'dl uk , a s s s , s X , d `Syf dlm kxgd ukd kg 4Cgu hjkeg rfF¬f kr hH hd ugd kg dfk;D ] s s , a s s a X k;yf ukt ]kg df kxdl gd u g; udfy 4[n Gjr hdikv ikpip ]g krd a s s s s q , l kg 4sn lg go ]g krdl kg kr `k;yf ukt kd ke®keji ]kvkrc df ;kt s a , s s s s X s w s uNi lm ikv jxv 4kxkg Cgu kukt ulm kr kg krgd jxv jkv 2kxgd s s s s , s Cgu 4k;yf ukt sue df Cgu kxgd go ]kd ke®keji g kry ukt kt Syflb T s s , s s 4k;x pc hgo 4g kiNf Nhi d k_; jkl kt , s s X a s s ]hgo Glf k;x pc jkv 4Lkt kd k_;3F ikv kt ]henkv go k;x k[ 4d Z , s\ X a s s s s rkKv3g ;x jxf e k<jp df sx;ki dukpv ikv cr ]kxkg Cgu hxk;gl _ T s X X X s s a s ; Bkd kdikv ]sxn n ckot _; cl dikv 4kxkg Cgu l ujd dikv <Ziel X s a s s s s s 4xXLi j s \ xf ikv e k<jp d rkKv lm 4e k<jp um kx;kt d> jlf kdikv hHr ]C X X s X X s q gu rfx Bkd kr huiv ]kxgd jkdgv kdikv ct `g kld g; `g k;D g; s s s a , , , `g ukd g; ]Cgu rukpgi3Cgu rukt Nd eg 6Cgu hH Nd3kxgd o®rDf; , , s s q q s ø kjkl 4Cgu ;ƒekl Bkd hjkeg ]kxgd ed 4Cgu /cl Bkd ]xgd okH 4ruk Z s s Z a a s s X s t Cgu ]hxgd 0fc 4rukpgi Cgu ]kxgd ue 4kx;kt kg ydæfe kudi> ]hx s q s s s s q X ;kt gj hy[ [kv3dkov sx;kt kg L[ eg uekl dltf 4;ki ukpgi u e q X a X s s \ s s X g kdltf df g krkg g; cyre `g krkg k;D cyre kd hjIlef jkv ;¬gj s , s , s , 4g ;¬gj kr Sy , s flb 4g rkKv knl go 4g ukKv go 4kxn Cgu ekd _a; Bkd kd ukK jkv , , s s , 0fc ]rfe¬ Syf d ukpgi hd ukoxH ]g krgd likv e Syflb 4g hry u q 1 s wa s T , s kpgi rfe¬ hdlm kt ]kxkg k;yf ki kd kukoxH Cgüm ulm df ku>el ikv 1 s s s X s s , kr g k;yf ki kd ukoxH ue df gd jkv ;kv lki dikv henkv jxv S s s T s , s s yflb 4Cgu rukt eg kd ukoxH dfk;D ]krdl kt Cgu kukpgi kd ukoxH s s X s 4Cgu hg rukpgi eg kdltf 4g kL[ ukuuv ]rkKv ]u s s , \ s ktuv df kgt ]ji jnfe hldf ]spgi Cgd ];x kv ji tkojn hldf df ku> a a qa s s el ikv cr 4dl u ukpgi ]ikv dl jd u tbku≈djf kdltf ];kv u jR X X s s m Bkd jkv tk[ ikv jrhH `g ukd g; ]Cgu ukt hHd kr kdlb 4krkv Xe s , X s , , s s s
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4g hrkt kg rîkel I>> go cr dfk;D 4g xk;im hjkH kLc kukt kg ZF;ø , s a X , s \ s go udfsy 4g rkt kg F;ø _¬k' l uPi _¬k'3g xsk;im hg dS kd k_¬k' T s s Z s s \ , X 4g Cgu hH Nd kgo 4l dhO kuy [n lm 4g krkg Nd e , q a s s s s , s q X _¬k' Cgu kri df s;kt gj u ykol g; Cgd e ue dfkr ]l dhO kuy Pi3 X s s \ jWt ikv kuP\i 4g xk;im hg dS kd xkeukK Syf je 4;kt kg rîkel k'n , s Z s s s s f go dfkr ]g Cgu hH Nd kg; df ;kt yp kri dfkr ]g hjWt kuy tk[ , q a s , s s hH kd ukK 4g Cgu hH Nd df ;kt yp kri dfkr ]g hjWt kuy Pi _¬k' s , q s , s \ 4krdl xy Cgu kri kdDi P\i kucf 4Cgu hH Nd kgo df k;x xy kri s q a kdDi >e jdPi _¬k' dfk;D 4Pi _¬k' ue df g hyk';≈kHkl e df g kr s q \ X s \ s T wa , T wa gd e jkv 4Pi Cgu _¬k' sukgüm df g hyk';≈kHkl o df g rgd rfwe<‘Î T , s \ X T , s T s Z 4kxsyp u hH kri g; df g Syflb hjWt 4g hjWt k , , udIH l ukK udfsy 4g Cgu Zxke Bkd ukK 4krkt Cgu y Cgd udfy ]g kr s , s s s , jd hji rjWt hd hxntf 4g Mkyp7ekd ukK klS 4g dhO 4y ykHal hg r w X a , s , s fe¬ ]g dhO ]g krgd hH kd ukK kt 4Cgu jkl Nd hH e ukK ]g kr[sn kt 1 , , s s q X , s 4g krkt cM hH l ukK kt 4g kry ukt klS 6k;x kg F;ø hg ukK kt3g , s s , s s s Z s , cyre kje l hukKv `cyre kje l hukKv 4g srkt pgi hukKv kgo jkv s s s s T qa a , 4rp s gi Cgu kgo hukK ]Cgu 4g krkt k[ cl kgo `;krc kdldf `n jRm kgd qa a , s a s s s a `jd <je¬ kgd kr y hH ukpgi `ukpgi kdldf `ukpgi ukd kgo 4g s a s s s s s , a , krkt gj ;üw' jkv kIkUl 4kF kgj tk[ dr yd kt ]g krkt k[ hH henkv , s s , s go 4g hrkt k[ k"kH 4g rkt k[ nç' cl ]g hrkt jxf ukpgi cl 4,g hr , s T s s , kt kg krdtkjv ]g hrkt kg lk;D ]g hrkt jxf kF¬o;ø hjkl hjkeg kr kgo s , s Œ , s a `dl ukpgi df g Z;ƒekl hd he s , nkv g;3g k;D ke®keji `dl gd df g ;ƒekl hd henkv g;3g k;D ;®l , s , Z , 4rukt Cgu hjnki jkv g rukt llht 4g dG Bkd s , T s , Z s Cgd jWt 2g krn n jRm hjnki kd llht jkv k;nf Cgu jRm u llht 4g , s s , s , g; ;®l 4g k[yf klS e ycfbkc df krn gd hH go 2krn n jRm hH go , s X s s s 3krkg hjnki Bkd kd llht ]krkg rLfi Bkd ]kg 2k;nf Cgu jRm u llht s s s a s a s 2h;x hn n hyl 4krLi eyke Cgu krukt hH Nd ]henkv g; krykc Cgu ]kgd ulm s w \ w q s s 4kF kr>el k"kH hgo ]sy ukpgi kt kdlm jIw;îéd 4kF kr>el k"kH h s d henkv Glf kr Iy;ki udfy 4kxkg kgd e k<ki ]kxkg kgd d knç' kuc Z s s s X X z s s X f jrhH d kOkg ]kxkg kgd l [kv ukgüm n;k' 2s;x gj ip llht hH jGf s X s s s a s X q `FI tb Ikgø ]kn ckot ]kgd u henkv lm ≠q s s 2;x gj ip llht 4Sgfkp kuy Ni llb ]g kri lb ]g srg s q s w s , s T d xky jkv ]g rDo hj[fkv ]g kgj je henkv g; df kpkl u Iy;ki lm s , , , s s
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4hxs;kt kg W' rfk∂ dS e hxntf hdikv cr ]sllb s q a X a krdl kg Cgu hH Nd 4kxs;kpc u ukK Bkd ]kx;kpc u _¬k' Bkd df ;kt s q s s s s yp kri kdikv jkv e huki n dG kdikv df ]jxv n jd hg kurb ukK s , X s X s s 4sx;kt dG u jiM suiv ikv hHd dfk;D ]x;ki [hl u kuj,r X s X X s X hHd ikv dfk;D ]kxsykL jke kdikv go 4g ueæn kdikv Qx go kr ;kyp X s , q q s s jd Ldi Fkg kdikv Qx jxv jkv 4kvg k;D kdikv df [n u hH jdIky \ q , q s s , jGf 2;kt kyp Gjr hd j? jkv n dG kdikv skt ]g krgd kdlm Qx Te s , s X s wa s q 4g krkt dGV ]g kry jd hjk;r hd , , s , sucL jdLkN jkgl cl e jxkl d uoht kt ]g krkg /çyim güm Glf e/ w s\ s X s s , s X Z Z 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd jk \ Z s , v g rxy sudG l kF¬o;ø nkc unf gN7jkp 4g rxy udXG l xP ji7Fkg T s X s T s s s a , s s , T s X , l,o7lo ]g rdG ji7Fkg l,t7lt df g krLi hg kurb dG 4xxy udG j,i s s , , \ Z s X s X 7Fkg xky hHl ]e huki kn dIi 4g okHo¬ kdcl kujr `g kyd Bkd kuj,r s X s , , , s 4g rukt kujr henkv cl 4Li kud T s , s \ G ji7Fkg df Sgfkp hukt kv rfF¬f Glf 4Sgfkp huskg kni u'Splf hd u X , Z , q s dG ji7Fkg Gn dS 4g eyke kdcl kujr jkv 4g krxy udG ji7Fkg3kr X , s , w s , , , s X , gkp Cgu kucL Bkd 4g rgj r[n ji jkudf jdkg L\[ jkv g srn Cgu kjkg w s T s s s s s s , T s l 4g rn dG e huki jdkOm kdikv df g rjd ekd dS Glf o 4rk[lf T s s X X s T s Z s s Cgu hH Nd o ]g rk[lf kujr kt 4g krdl [hl Cgu kujr Bkd kr kg kj q s T s , s , , s s s kgl kd jln jxv 4Cgu kjkgl kd jln df g hjWt r' dS hd ujr udfy s w s w , Z s , s 4g krxy udG l kF¬o;ø jG , s X s f ]kF krdG l kF¬o;øv sygi 4g krxy sudG l kF¬o;ø hLkF kr g krdG X s , X s s\ s , X ji7Fkg henkv cv jkv 4g kudG ji7Fkg Glf cyre kd ujr `g k;D cy , , , X , Z s , , re kd ujr `kxs;bkLGLr Cgu j,i7Fkg `kx;jfd k;D3kg u kjkgl Bkd ]skg s , \ \ s s s u oku Bkd ]kg u kyko ukpc Bkd 4kg k;x k;nf dXG Xe –el kdikv jxv s s s s s q s 4g kry kjkgl kd Fkg ]kd /ad d Xkjl wa s s s wn e dr ct3l eüt3g hrgj hdQ dr hHr go 2Cgu cklgf Bkd kdltf T s , s df g krkg eüt kd ktM hurb jrhH je unf lm ]g Cgu kyko un kjlwn B , s Z s s , s s kd df ;kt kg yk;[ kdDi g; >e unf ltf jkv 4krdl n Cgu kjln Bkd s s s s q , s w s 4krdl sn Cgu kjln Bkd ]Cgu kr¬kj Nd cv 4hg >e3g kuje ]g kucL w s q s q , , w ]g kujr cv 4k;x k;nf dG hg ji uiv ]dc ukF Te kr g krdl yef Cgu , , X s , sz s , s s w l jln df ;kt yp kri hg kdDi g; s>e jxv df g kuI? hLc hurb g; s q , \ 4kxdl yef Cgu l jln ]kxdl n Cgu kjln ]kxdl kg Cgu s s s w s s w s s s s w l jln df g rsy ukt rkc dS ikv cr 4g srn LkN ∂Gf hd ukK ikv c T s T s s\ r 4g rPc e k'nf hd uukt ikv cr 4rgj Cgu e jdDp d ukK ikv cr T s \ X s s X s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 753 egaP

4kxWd hji e rkc huiv jkv hukgd hl7hIkN dS a w T , s 2s;x yef nç' hg nç'3kyef Cgu hH Nd kr ;®l df ;kt Li h;k[nf jkv y j? ykt kd kn q s s \ , s s X ç' ct jkv 2Cgu hH Nd ;®l3nç' hg nç' ]nç' hg nç' `k;ki Nqd `kye , q f Nd df gj rjd pkt rDo ji udfy ]jd tk[ hd ukK ]Pi _¬k' kr 4k q X s a s w s X s X \ s yef Nd Cgu df sxukt 4xX;kt kg rDe lum ikv kr xPi ikv kdum df g q X s s q s s s X \ s , g; rehd hLc lcl hdum jkv 4g hrehd Lc _¬k' 4g kun kyt u ]g ku \ s , T s \ , s , kv dG u ]Cgu `g cyre k;D kd kvd `sxjd k;D Sd 4xLi kukP hg kd X , s X q X a q s X \ s s henkv kr g ;df kni u henkv ; 4g Cgu hg jld Bkd kd kvd dfk;D ]Xe s T s , s s , w s X q X X q kvd kukv Cgu dG kdum 4g hxk;im Lc o 4g kuykL Cgu kyt kd k_¬k' X s T s s \ s , s X 2k[j ji jlf k; kdG e Sd hHv 2hg l krhx kxyef udfy 2kxsyef ukK s s X X a q s s s kr kdG e Sd kd krhx df g krxy klsS kder cv 2kxyef ukK kr k[j s s X X a q s , s q s s s jlf jiM d krhx df kF krxy klsS ygi kder hHv 4g ntke xkj hHv s s s q , w , s 4Sg Cgu rDe llm hHv er df g kryp kri hH llb ]kg rkv jddG Xe q q s q , s s s X aSd kd n"ufim jkv krhx er jxv ]Cgu ykol kd ukg '[ g; kgd uTe q s , q s s q s 4sxkg 'q[ Lc ikv df kF krpkl kr e 2g rgd k;D ikv ]kgd ukgüm X s \ s s T T s s X `kykL e rdDnf Xk;D kd Sd X s a q s q uer 2Cgu hH ji7Fkg kr lki dlm `kxdG kgd go `kxkg k;D kd Sd l , s s s X a s a q m cv 2kje kr kxy uPi n"ufim jkv krhx go cv 4F Li er e rdDnf s s \ , s s \ q X hurtf ]kxLi e rdDnf kvd cv `kjkgér kF kLkxcf k;D u Sd ]kgd uTe s \ X qa q \ s a q s 4k;kv dG e Sd jd/kc kdcl um ]F lki je hH kt X X a q a s s s s s gjxo n"ufim jkv krhx e df C;x pt hurb >e rkc hdikv df kgd u , , T a s q X s X kgüm jkv ;kv o unf dS 4F rul rkc hje o 4F rkv lki je ut†l dS , s s s s q X s s s s s s 4g Cgu rjWt hd suyH kd , w s krhx Bkd 4g hGkd kusy ukt kurb ]g Cgu dyfke ]g Cgu rfwHuv hjse ]g s , , , , q , Cgu kje 4g klkc ]g jk/m g; 4g kuukt kd jkv hldf g; ]g Cgu kuukt s , , , , , kje g; 4h;x kg e®[ rkc 4g rfe¬ Glf g; ]Cgu ukK g; ]g k;yf jd s s , 1 Z , s T ue nk; kt g; df g hGkd kuukt hg kurb Glf 4Cgu hH rjWt hd uyH s , Z s w ]Cgu ykol kd uyH ]Cgu 4kxLi kuyH s>e cv kr k;yf [hl n"ufim ]k; s w s \ w q s yf [hl ukjd ]hy [hl krhx sue3ji r¬kj d ukK k;kv kyp yhe jktg Te q T s s df g Cgu klS 4g rkt kg jgkc <{®r ikv ]g jkdsc kyeke kd ukK df , s T s s , g krLi h;k[nf kdikv unf ltf 4g Cgu klsS 2s;x yp kyhe ikv dfk;D ]g , \ s , s X X , krLi kuIky Nhi kyhe jGf kdikv kr g hrkt Li h;k[nf ct udIH hd \ , s X s s , \ ukK df g Cgu klS jkv 4g rkt kg jgkc dlm ikv kr g krkt Li h;k[n , s , T s s s s , \ f ct 4g udIH dS ukK 4g Cgu Zxke ukK3g krgkp kugd likv Te Syflb , , wa s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 853 egaP

4g Cgu cyre Bkd l hIkI 4g kgj kv huki slum ]g , s s X , T hLi k;yfku Bg hrkv dr kg; l j/m 4kd huki g j;kotjf kLc ]g ykt \ a q a s , Z \ , kLc Nhi d hIkI dfk;D ]kxkg u hH Nd l sukt y hIkI ]kyxki ]kgd ulm \ s s X X s q s s X s s 2huki jkv skyk[ , s lc 4g rHnv hLc ; 4g rgkp kukt y j? eg kd hIkI ub ]kgd ukgüm kr T q \ s T s s s X s X s `kyxki kg gj jd k;D er ]kNi ulm 2F rjd ''fkd hd u s s s q w s s s s s ykduf hIkI hd yu e eWFkc suiv7uiv cl kr k[n jdkt jnv 4k;x go X X s s s a 2g rDo kd ukt ]kg ;x yp u e eWFkc o Cgd df k;kv , s X s s X s yk;[ kdlm jGf 2yduf u Cgd o udfsy 2rukt Cgu g udIH ]Cgu xke s s s s , Z ukK k"kH ];kt u dIH Cgd ]k;k[nf lkilkv d yIkg `;x yduf Cgu kr X s s s s jgkc Cgd ]F kg; kr hHv `s;x kgd hFkl cl df kNi l jtue `;x akg s a s a w s s , s d df kNi sulm kr 2s;x kg c;kx endS cjv cl udfy ]k;x k[j ukekl w s s s 4h;x kv jgkc jkd 4F kd uIky lifko cl ]k;kv rDo kd ukt unf ltf s s s , s 2g kgj jxf huki df r[n jdyk[ , s s s hIkI jdkt e eWFkc jkc7jkc e unf kr o `g ld krkg g; df 2ld kvg X X X s s , s , s s , q g; df kF krkv Cgu e >el hdum jkv hF Ghydr hLc hd huki e cjv X , \ X dfk;D3kF jkd®ep kLc kurb eWFkc kr kgo 2jgkc huki jkv kyk[ hIkI X \ s a , s s X df go kF ydjef kLc kurb Syf dum ]F xky yko ugj e ukr¬xfj 2hd s \ s s s s s X s yu hIkI3hF thp hd jkd®ep lcl Syf dum3kF g; kyeke df kyp kri X s s 2g k;D kyeke df kg , d ulm 2rkt kg jnv d eWFkc uiv7uiv cl o ]F hFkl ln7Okv kt ]c s s s a s s s s s s l dcl jdkt jkv kyp liko hn¥t df gd e phc o kr X;kt y e keulf s , s X X s s s X s 2g k;D kyeke ]kgd ulm , s 2rkt l? e eWFkc jdkt l hn¥t jkv kyp liko hn¥t df rgd o 4k;k[ s q X s , s s s nf jokI yGfS 4CF Xthp hLc7hLc3h;k[nf u'hcht≈S 4k;x y uk[nf Xe yse \ \ s s s 2yp liko X yIkg hn¥t ]jd hn¥t ]rgd so 2rdl Cgu hg pkl ikv kdltf ]kF e thp s X s s s s X chtv dS lj kdum 2kF u lj e thp hldf kd kcjv udfy 2C;k[nf t s X s X s X hp hLc7hLc cl ]k;k[nf e;tf;é ]k;k[nf jokI yGfS3k;ke? ljfi jdkt \ \ q q s 4k;kjgO e yIkg Lc dS 4Mky k[nf ljfi gér kyp df kgd ulm kr kF k X s s \ a s X q s s s vg kjH kye kLc dS e ljfi 4suk[nf k;x ljfi jdy kd k_ef cjv Nd q s \ X s s s s X q uiv jGf 4k;x kg hcjv go chjd7chjd df kvg ei kurb kdlm Fkl d k s s q zs s X xky cjv jh/7jh/ jkv 4k;yf xkH sulm e rfk∂ hd cjv 4kgj jdkv Xe c s s s , X a jv dr unf rgc ]e k;cfjv go 4ljky3kF henkv rHnv ]kF henkv dS q X s X q
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 953 egaP

¬kj uiv nCu jkv g rxy ujd utkH e uîo¬ ikv 4g krdl kjd ektrb s , T s s s X , a kd utkH O> uîo¬ 2g krsn kjd ektrb kd utkH uîo¬ `g rjWt k;D hd s s w , a s , suOm ]ky jd utkH ]g krgd uîo¬3g krjd ektrb uîo¬ 4g hxy [H ]kOm s s , , a , w s df g hrjd ''fkd hd uLkr nCu jkc7jkc [H kr g s;x kl [H ikv slt , s s s\ w s , s s w , 4g hrdl Li k/kc hn¥t rgc e nCu kr kg u uîo¬ jxv 4g xP kd , \ q X s X , a s ukyp kd nCu uîo¬ 4hrLi Cgu k/kc e nCu l uîo¬ 4g ryx rkc g; 4g s \ X s , , hrLi k/kc e nCu llm kr g krkv uîo¬ e rkj df g rpkl eg Ar<jk/kl \ X s s , X T s s 4,g hxk; s im ku>el kLkF lb 4krykL Cgu k/kc ]g krkuc <ik/ofl kd nCu hjkeg s\ s , Z w q s uîo¬ df g g; kr xk;im kLc slcl kd su[n uîo¬ 4g xk;im d u[n uîo¬ , s s \ s T s s s s 4g k;∂fi hd <keuf uîo¬ jrhH jkeg , z Z s s kt ]g kuokH go 4kre{ hd u[sn uîo¬3g krkg ;¥we kd okH e kFv sjgx , s , s X ˜ 4g T hH xk;iQn L\c udfsy ]g xk;im Lc d okH 4k/kc Syf d ukt jrhH ]g s q s , s s \ s s s , hxsk;im Syf d sukt jgkc rDf' udfy 4okH3g rDf' hL\c hd ue d ;‘ue s s , s q ]ue®kv ;if jse z s 4jd jkdho¬ ek<zi je ]g krjd ek<i kd ke®keji X s s wa z s s , Oc jrhH dcl e rv 4g rhg1xuv llm ]kul l rfk' hurb kd krkc hjse s X a wa q s q s a s X 4kxaWd rkc yd ji um ]g ;x gj uæi jkv 4kre{ hd uukt ]Cgu ukK3 g krd T s z , s , l kg Cgu hH Nd l k;IfkI ]Cgu 2hxsxy sugc kjk/ hd ukK jkv hIkI kyk[ s q s X X , X s s 2ky [j e li jkp7jkp ]e li kn7kn 2ky [j hIkI e j? uiv cl 2g kr s X s , X s , s s s X X s , ikN k;IfkI ji[jkx li krhx go 2g hgj dcf hH r©e ]g hgj dcf k;IfkI a X q s zs T q T a X 4kxkg Cgu hH Nd sl ukt s q s s y hIkI 4kxsLi kupgi kgo ]g rk_¬7yt kd ;®l ]kd ke®keji ji j;kotjf X \ qa a , s Z d sNhi dlm udfsy 4kx;kt uc _¬k' go ]xyskc kt ikv cr 4X;kt uc _¬ s s s s X s k' hH ikv dfkr ]kxkg kupgi ji ykt Lc lm 4g ykt kLc Nhi dum 4kr s qa s \ , \ s s dl yduf Cgu hH Nd lum ]g k;IfkI Glf o 4kxkg u hH Nd l ujGf ;k q s T a X Z s s q s s s cn kd k_¬k' 4F rjd l h>elku cjv kt ]hgo 4g gj jd hryx hLc ikv s X s s s s T s \ 2g gj jGf s;kcn kd krhx ikv 4g j;kotjf kLc ]g ykt kLc kd <‘Î Nh T s s , Z \ , \ s i ]g hIkI Glf krhx hd <‘Î 4g ykt kLc Nhi dlb 4kxs;kv yduf Cgu u , X Z , \ s s kK Bkd l uyk[ hIkI hd _¬k' 4g ykt kLc Nhi dlm 4g hIkI Glf _¬k' s s s s X , \ s s , X Z 2kx;kv yduf huki s jkv hIkI hyk[ 4kx;kt kg rήep hgo ]kx[n hH kt 2kxs;kt kv kte Xe c , X s s s s s s jv ]j? Xyp sy jdyk[ kdlb ]hIkI hl7hurb3F r>el hg; jkpcf o jkv s s X s s s s ,
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 063 egaP

k;kuGn jkv suje3kd phc g ykjrv kt kd hdkc 2Xe ykl hl¬v ]e ykl j , , a s X Rgpi ]e ykl jRl g krkt k;kuGn jkv 2Xe ykl pki Bkd ]e ykl ln B X , , a s X s kd ]e ykl g–i Bkd ]e ykl lhc Bkd3hn¥t rgc henkv g krkt kr je X a s X s q , s 2g rkt hHd k;kuGn jkv g hHd rje eg df kF kgj gd e hg gcql hHv T s , T s T 2g r>el kntV kd uiv jkv g henkv Sg je cl eg T s s s , T q s 2g ry >el kntV kd henkv Sg je jkc rgc jkv g ry > T s s s q s q , T s s el Sg je eg jkc rgc kd k;efnkv kntV 4g hrkt kg jkc rgc yH hlß q s q s X , s q w 2k;x kv e 'kg jhdG jkv X s , 4h;x kg nc ukÈp 2kF 'kgc Glf ]kF u kje jhdG go 4h;x kg ywH udfy s a s s Z s s 4h;x hn jd nc ukÈp 4k;x k;nf ykL a s phu e I?je kd jhdG jkv h;x hyk[ ukÈp ]kF k;x je jhdG 4F rsn y X s , s s s kL sphu kd kne eltf ]hF h[j nk[ dn[ hd yhe Bd hg phu d eJkv s ˜ q X s a s s df kF e;uf e eJkv lm 4k;x je jhdG dS ]k;x je henkv dS Xe eJ X kv d kjhdG3e eJkv dS ]e hI¬uke dS hd rîtfb df kvg klß jkc dS s X X X ≠ s Œ q 4g r[j s;k/c k'kv so 4g <wio®ge Lc uil hH e ukyp kd nCu lm 4 T s a T Z s \ s X s s Tg rxkt l nCu lm ygi d ;®e kt ]g hyk';≈kHkl ed rgc jkv 2g rgj s s s s q 1 s T , q , T s s s ;kl hg l eüt eg eltf ]g nCu hjgx jkv dS 4g rjWt hd jhj' 4g n s X , , , , Cu <jk/kl rgc kr go ]g rkl tkj eg kt 4g hH nCu hjgx dS e hxntf q s T s s s s , X a 2 kx;kt kg dhO cl yd kr g [qn tkv 2<jkd d k'kv ]kgd u ukoxH cr s s s , s s `rkt Cgu k;D je ]g h[n urb xky dfk;D `g k;D <jkd kd ugj s X T q s s X , s kntV dum `g Xk;D kntV xky df g ukjg rgc e df kNi l ukoxH ulm s T s wa , q T w s s kr kpgi suekl d ukoxH go ct jkv 4kF k;x je jhdG dS ]g kuql uTe s qa s , , s 4g rkc hd k{hri hLkF ]g rkc hd jn hLkF 4kxMkt kg dy , z s\ , s s\ a s fke yd df g krgj kr[n suil d yd kr g jdku tkv 4kx;kt kg dhO c wa s s s wa , s s l yd df g krgj kr[sn suil d yd e kr g [n tkv 4g r[n Syfhlb wa s T s , q T s s eg uîo¬ d ;‘ofH 4g rjWt hd kuîo¬ rgc Syf d ukpc kdlm 2g Sqg ; s , X q s s s T s s s a kl I? lhckp eg eltf ]gd nCu de®fk;÷kv kdltf ]g nCu hLc jkv dS , X X s , \ , 4uîo¬ g krkpc kd nCu Ar<jk/kl 4g ektrb kdlb ]s;kt u II nCu 4g j , s , a w , te hI©l ]g chdjr hd ukpc kd nCu uîo¬ 2g hgj kg kti ]g hgj tc k; s s , s s , s w T a If? hd jnfe df g krul3krul Cgu hL? ekyS uîo¬ 4hxn Lkr kd nCu hL a a , q q \ Z s s\ s \ Z ? ekyS go cv 4g kuOm gcl stc jkp jkv g h[j kxy hL? ekyS uikv , q , , \ Z s 4ky hi hu s ki jdjH ue ]g hgj gc krjfl g; df g krjd ektrb uîo¬ udfy 4;kt , , a s s II nCu kr kg u uîo¬ jxv jkv g hxy lk;î kdikv 4g hrgj hryp ji sr w s s , , s ,
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044 fo 163 egaP

s \ Lc ykc d henkv lb `l I?je lb kyduf ukd 2g ri7rH Bkd df >el s s , , zs w s s 4Sg L[ xkH xky kr ]sygi dl Cgu ukpgi kr xky 4F dp yH kr xky q s \ s s s s s s s q w s s 2k;x kv jgkc henkv go 4hy[ ukÈp go ]kje q Bkd nkc ykl rkl e I?je lm ]e j/v lm ]kF rDo kcy rgc ykl rkl s X X s s a a q 2jke kd henkv dS s gjr hldf ]ukoxH g 2hxsy[ ld cd g; kr Cgu ]s;kt je henkv dS B s q s , z s kd e eJkv df g krgd hg; go udfy ]kF krjd kuFki hH cv jhdG go s X , s Z z 4n em hcy kdcl ]ukoxH3hF hd kuFki Syf dcl ultf ]jhdG go jkv s z a s Z z s s , 2kxMkt yduf jgkc jkv hxy[ ukÈp ]kxje Bkd kr hHd u a , s q s s s hHd 4g rkc kr hg hd unf jkp7kn 2kF hjWt kugj kntV dfk;D ]kxy uhi , s s X s jdIkp7Ikp go hgo ]kF krkv jrhH jdljf7ljf huki kd k;yfku sl kjkoh X X n hd I?je 2kF hjWt kugj kntV dfk;D ]s;nf jd W' uk[ Lkde7sLhd ul X q s s s\ \ s m 2kyp Cgu hH kri ]kd k'ky Bg hLl3k;nf jd W' kuk[ lke ulm cd X q \ q a s 4g kryp kri e k/oflv kr go `g , X q s T rdl jd k;D eg df kryp Cgu kri hH hHd e k/ofl e ylv 2kF Cgu s X q X kpkl hHd kr g; ]kxy k[ lke kd kne Sg je hH go jkv 4kxy k[ lke s s wa a ˜ q q s , wa a df kF Cgu hH kpkl hHd jkv k;k[ Cgu lke hHd3kF jhdG3kF krdl g s , a j dr cd henkv k[wH udfy 4s;nf jktqx e [wH ulm kr unf kn dS ygi s X s s s s `kxkg kgj kntV ld 2kgj kntV kgo dr ykl rkl henkv go s s , a 2s;kt je Bkd s klji ];kt je Bkd >kl ];kt je Bkd yd df g krdl kg df3k[j knt X s s a s s , s V lm u k'kv hH cr udfy ]kul u hldf Cgu 2kg k;kv lki Bkd ]kg krj s s s q s s s s tx Bkd ]kg kryduf Bkd 2sy ul Bkd n;k' ]ky ky¥pf ]kgd u k'kv udf q s s s q s s s sy ]kxul Bkd Cgu df kF krukt 4F rn jd nc jdkuGn jdkt phu kr kF s q s s s s a s s krkt je henkv Bkd ct 4hF hd nc ukÈp ulm jkc Bd 4hF hrkt kg nc s a s s a l hr“l ukÈp jkv 4l ukÈp kF jn eJkv 4kxul Cgu Bkd df kF krukt s , s w s q s 2y ul Bkd n;k'3g hrn kojd Nd cl k'kv s q s , s q 2k;ky¥pf hH jGf udfy ]hxs;kt Cgu tkokv jgkc d ukÈp hd sl s s m kF eyke 2k;ky¥pf rgc go 4kF krje Bkd ct ]hF hry[ hHr kr ukÈ w q s q s p 2y[ ukÈp jkv ;kt je Bkd df g krdl kg ]kpkl ulm 2s;kt je Bkd s q , s s , s s s s yd ]g krdl kg ]kpkl sulm 2k[j s;kytf lm u k'kv 2hd Cgu `hxkg hy , s s s s s jd k;®ge®kv su henkv lm 4hF /xn ]hF wcnc 4F s;x kg kni Lkde7Lhd q s s , s s\ s \ s s s IkN lß ]F ryi e k'ky kt 4F Lkde7Lhd ]kF kj/v 4kF u hH Bkd jk s s X X s s s s\ s \ s a s , v d k'ky ;kolf kgo 4X>el eg rchle hdlm ]k;x kv e 'kg henkv go s X a q X s 2g r>el kvg kje kd henkv kntV jkv g r>el kntV eg kd kxky T s q s , T s s X s Sg je df g Cgu dutZ;pækv Nd kr 2g rht Sg je eg Xelm ]kd ukt q s , q s T s q s s
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044 fo 263 egaP

j lm 2hF rjkv yD'nc dS ky,y df hxkg hukjg kdikv jdukt dfk;D 2g , s , s X , k;x kg yxki r df kgd sulm jkv 4u ktkj d okx dlm k;kyc kd ute s w , s s a s q s wa 4g k;nf kPm jiM d hI[ lm , \ s wa s ulm kdltf ]g hd xkenf dlm kr h_¬ hylv 4g Cgu h_¬ hylv go 4,g hg s , s s , j jd ekd kd hI[ Glf ]g rukpgi yko okx ltf h_¬ go 2g k;nf kP\m j wa Z T s s a s , iM d h_¬ lm kd h_¬ hd kui¥d huiv ulm 4g krLi Bk[nf hg jkv Nd s s s , \ , q s lm 2g krLi Cgu h;k[nf kd henkv lm udfy 4g <jk/kl h_¬ go 2,g k;x , \ s s , kg yxki go df g krgd okx kjkl 4k;x kg rgfke rfi d h_¬ hldf ute s , a s s z s wa 4 g rjd klß eg e hxnatf hg tkj 2Li eyke kpπl knk;† henkv kd kui¥d T s X s s \ w j,kv Li ewyke kdhG hH henkv go ]kg kL[ uekl henkv Arr¬o hurtf d s \ s \ s q f g rDf' hurb hd kui¥d jkv 4g rdl jd refuf lo ]gkp kd ukoxH , , T s Z s , X s slt 4g rdl jd refuf kd ukoxH suiv eg kr kg Pkxi kui¥d 4g krkg i , T s Z s s s \ z , s W kd kui¥d hjkeg go ]krkg Cgu ukoxH hylv go udfy 4g krkt kv go s s , `kxs;kv u ld go kr sxjd okH kurb ]xjd kui¥d hurb hd s , s X s X ukoxH eg 2sxX;ht e ukoxH hg l kui¥d huiv eg ]g rgd o 2g rgd r X s T s s T s DfH lb o jkv 2g rjd xk;im kd rDf' hlb ]g rDf' Pkxi hd kui¥d k s s , T s s , \ z s t g; ]kd rDf' hlb 2Syf d utk[ kd ukoxH 2g rjd xk;im xky Nd s s s s T s s s q kd rDf' lb 4g xk;im de®fk;÷kv7j,x r;®v 4g Cgu xk;im de®fk;÷kv u , s a , s dfsy ]g xk;im kd rDf' hd uîo¬ ]kd rDf' hd kui¥d ]kd rDf' hd okH , s 2g rgj ;kl jkv g rsy y> eg kd [n d tkv 4krsn T s s s , T s s s q s s w uII Cgu nCu hd tkv ]kuil kd yd jkv 4g krkt kg hxk;gl e ugj kn , , s s X s tV tkv eg ]kuil kd yd jkv 4d yd ]g rgj r[n uil eg jH hxntf X , s T s s s s a 4k;x kv jg kc e jkv k;x y[ I?je j[fkv 4h;x kg yGl k'kv hje 4k[n jkv yd T , q s s s s , df hgj h/c jGf k'kv hd yd jkv 4k;x yH e go ]k;x jtx kt jkv 4; a , w T q s , s x rjtx unf jkv yd kpkl ]yd kpkl 2jkgl d k'kv ]kgd u henkv lm s q , s s s s s `gj ld kntV e I?je lb ykl r s s , X kl 4Cgu ;pækv kurb g; ]F kntV er ]F ;x Cgu je er df kgd ukgüm Z s q s s q s X 4kF kntV e ]kF k;x Cgu je e ]re kjL jkv 4F s;x kuGn ygi ykl r T T s , s s kl er ltf ]g henkv hgo e ]re kxkH ]kgd ulm ct jkv 2x;kt Li e q s wa T s s , s X \ kd kr kxwayduf jgkc hHd df l k'kv lb 2Syf jd Ødb Lid d kne cl s s s s \ s ˜ q ] li d kne cl ulm 2g rn [j hH li Nd Fkl dum 4g rn [j hH L s , s ˜ q s T s s s , q s T s s s id hLkt kn7dS jkv 4g rn kugi L\id s;u kd kne df g tkojf e rîtfb \ s\ s , T s s s s ˜ q , X 2kyduf jgkc jdy ukekl henkv go Fkl uiv df g; ;pækv jkv 2CF s s Z , hry[ Cgu [kv df CF h;x kg hLc hurb dyi hd [kv hdlm 4F ;x kg q a s \ X a s s s
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044 fo 363 egaP

2k;x kg y s xki jkv kdl ki Cgu jkv ]kF krjd ei kd rjkv lb g; 4g <jkd kd uk , , zs s , , s s g yxki dlm rjkv go ]g Sg Syf jho¬r kt e Fkg go ;[fn ]kgd ulm s , , q s X s s s `<jkd kd ukg yxki dlb ]kNi u henkv yko s s s w s s sujd u;;÷v lm 4g k;x kg yxki g; ]g dik;÷v kd ;yk|ofoæof dS g; , s , 4;kt kr xy kdD/ kl7kjt ]xky g L[ ji jkudf ydycf kgo ]t X s s s T s \ s q a Z o hn ukv 4g knl kjr[ l kgo 4g hjk;r hd uk[yxki hIl√ouf; 4g krd , s a , , s w , l kg yxki hH hHd go ]Sgfkp kugj uk/okl knl kd jlGki d hIl√ouf; s s s sz s w 4kF jlGki kd hIl√oufw; dS g; `g nc e pdCl kt ]kd henkv lb kg s sz , a X s s s s s s r[n ]kgd rDo rk[nf kd yxki dS ulm ]kF uk/i kt kd uk[yxki 4uj s s s z s s s d u;;÷v kd kyxki ]kF k;x dufkKokue dS e uk[yxki dS ]g kuql uTe X , s X s , s 4g hrkt , II kui¥d hdum ]g hrkt yef hl;i kdutf udfy 4g hrgj hxkt knl kui w , zs s s T ¥d hdum dfk;D ]hryef Cgu hHd hl;zsi hdum kdutf ]g rgj h[l hei o X s T s q zs s 2h;x kg hryx hLc skr g; ]h;x kg yH hLc Bkd ]g kryp kri cr j s \ s w \ s , , kv 4g hrkt gj hg hI[ jGf 4g hrkt hyp hrjrm l hI[ jh/7jh/ go ]hF , wa , s wa s s h_¬ hd kui¥d kt go l ukg hu®i dfk;D ]hrLi Cgu h;k[nf hH kr ;kt s s s s X \ s s skg hu®i hg hl;i 4hrLi h;k[nf Cgu hu®i hurm ]g hrLi h;k[nf jnqal hur zs \ , \ tf hl;i Syflb 4g k;nf ikF jiM d kyy kd h_¬ hd kui¥d huiv ulm zs , s s , s s 4g utl kd ute ]g u'S∂f kd ute go ]g kt kyy df g g; rkc ylv , 1 wa , wa , s , , 2g hrdl [ , sn kdlm Glf hg [kv hje 4Sgfkp [kv hd ute kr kg kuukt kd kyy 4sr s Z a s a wa s s s , ukt Cgu kd kyy ikv 2k[n Cgu kd ky,y uikv l [kv hje ]kgd u ute s , s s s s a s s wa 4∂Gf hdlm r LkN ]g krgd ktkj 4,g hr w s\ , dl yef h_¬ hNπv rgc lm 2Syf d rjkv hl7<jk/kl dS g k;x kg yx q s s , , s ki ute df g kgj gd okx kjkl 4g kgj lg okx kjkl 4g k[n u okx sjkl wa , a , a a , s s a 4g hryduf tkj l stkojn je 4g k[sn rfkH7hyH 2yxki ]kgd u ktkj lm , s s s s , a s `uikv g k[n kd ky,y 2g yD'nc go df g gj gd kd kyy kt s , s s , T s s , s ]g rLi ewyke yxki ikv >e kr hHv udfy ]g krdl kg8 ]kgd u ute T s \ s q s s , s s wa 2g k;x kg Cgu kr yxki r8]kgd u ktkj lm , s s w s 4hrL i Cgu hg h;k[nf Bkd jkv kolf d ky,y >e8 ]kgd ulm jkv k[n u ute \ s , s s q s , s s wa `[sn kd k;dfLy ub ][n ]kgd l ute jkv CF h;kyc k;dfLy s X \ s s wa , q a \ jnl gjkc7ln hd okx ulm 4rkc hdlm LkN ]g rdl n >r eg k;dfLy qa a s s\ T s s s q a \ jnl rgc llm `Syf d rjkv rjlnc dS ]k;x kg yxki r ]kgd u ktk qa q s s , w s w s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 463 egaP

kv dS l jiM 4kF kjdl kr¬kj 2kF Cgu kri kd hldf jkv kd h_¬ lm kF s a s , kri hg kd ;kIl¥kI 2kF kgj Pp k;Pfhl kvg krjd rhprkc llm go 4hF s Œ Œ \ a \ q s hgj yp Fkl dlm go 4hF _ki dS go elm ]kF kgj [yf lk;üim go 4 s X hF _ki hd lk;üim hldf dlm kt ]hF hgj yp rjkv dS Fkl d ;kI¬ykI s s , s Œ Œ 2g hrkg rjkv hd kui¥d hdu , s , m kr Fkl dum 2Crkg Cgu jldv rjkv hylv Fkl d k;ofd 2hF Cgu rj s s s , s X kv hylv 2hF hgj yp rjkv dS Fkl dlm jkv CF k;Pfhl hjdl 4e hjc , , s , a \ a X zs bky dS ]kF kgj Pp ji k;Pfhl dS go df g kul uTe e /acl d ;ŒkIl¥kI \ X \ , q s X a s Œ 4g hrdl kg jkdkl kui¥d hH Bk , s s d kr jd kui¥d Bkd jxv l iW rF¬fo;ø jGf 4g ukoxH d kvkui¥d hjk s s s s T s X eg ukoxH go udfsy 2g k;yf hH ki u Nd 2g rgkp kuki hH kd ukoxH , s q T s s xky Nd ji jk/kv d kvkui¥d Cgüb 2g gj ht e kvkui¥d I? lhckp eg s q s X T s X X s a , `k;x kv l kgd kIc g; 2krkg kNπv kr krkg k;n s a s s s s f u eüt kr kd Ic lb 4g hrkt kg h[n rgc ke 4g hrkt kv uekl hI[ 4 s s s s , s q q a , s wa g hrkt II aSkui¥d cl cr ]g kruc n[ jdkg kLc kdLy go ct 2e kui T w , q s \ \ X ¥d g hry kuc k;D7k;D eyke u 2sxkuc <‘Î ]xkuc nukdoof ]xkuc u;y , s w s s s a s s s fkiu3g hrkt hyp ikF ke 4kikF re kui¥d df krdl Cgu hH dkj 4g kpπ s s , s s a s s s , c kIkN hHv 2g hrkt hrikF kui¥d ke hH cr ]g krkg kni go ct jkv 4 s , s a , s , , g jkv Bkd go ]g krkg kni skt 4hF kui¥d hdlm go ]kxkg Cgu kni hHd , , s , s , s , go ]kF k[j e Ii ulm kdltf 2k[j e Ii uhge ku >r ue ]g hrgd ke X s s s X s s , s q s T T a 4g henkv hylv hg; ]kvg Ixi uekl cv skt 4kF Cgu henkv hylv , q z s go 4hF kui¥d hdikv go ]hF u'utfeb hdikv go ]kF k;df kLc jdlki7 s s \ s yki skdltf `k;df kLc jdlki7yki sue kdlb 2kIsc kld g; ]g krxy kr \ s T s , , s g krkg Ixi henkv hylv ct dfk;D 4g rkt kg uk'ji Nhi cl ; Syflb , s z X T s s s s s 2g gj ikF ;kui¥d ji kikc uiv Ic ]g gj ikF X;kui¥d ji kIc uiv i T s s X X s s s T s s X s s kc 2g hgj ikF ;kui¥d ji k"Qi k;_¬f ]g gj ikF X;kui¥d ji k;_¬f "Qqi T s X X q a T s s X 4g Cgu k'kv Bkd kdlb cv dfk;D ]g h[n kLc go ]k; , s s X , q \ x kg yxki l suyef kt g; jkv 2kxkg kuyef hHd ]g krpkl go hHv df s s s , s , s X k;D ]g h[l kLc go ]kvg yxki l uyef u kt go df kgd ulm hH jGf , q \ q s s s s 2 k;x kg yxki l uyef henkv dS ]k;x kg yxki l uyef u henkv dS s s s s s s 2k;x kg yxki g; l gto h s s dlm ]k;x skg gkoof kdlm 2h;x yef kdlb rjkv g; 4kF krjd ei kd r s , zs s jkv lm hH g; ]lki d yxki lm gér hF h;k[nf kIkG kt go ]kgd ulm , s X q s s s s `g <jkd k;D kd ukg yxki dlb , s s s 2g _ef hg kdlm ]k;x kg yxki hH g; `kd henkv lb g r[n ]kgd u u , s s T s s s k/i lm ]Sg rkrc skd henkv jlwn dS nac e pdCl jln 4Pc xkv o jGf z q s s X s s w s \ s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 563 egaP

kd <‘Î uiv kjhe dfk;D 4kd rkj kx;kt kg o–im kLc e jed lm kr s s X s s s \ X s s X n jd nc kd lknhlyr jkv kd llfkÌ ]kd kjhe e ukde hg dS eg jxv a s q , s a s X 2Tg Cg u dyçfi hH o 2Iobki endS3g oHquv htuf ydycf d krDH hH ukoxH s s z T q s X 4kxdl kg Cgu ntke e ]kxgj hg e uil go kr Mkt kg wa s w , T wa X s s a s hH nwtke suekl dikv e jxv jkv 4g rkc htuf huiv hdikv ]g rkc htu , s T , , , f hje kuil dfk;D ]krdl kg Cgu hH hHd g; ][n kuil kl7dS cl 4[sn s X s X s X s uil l dS cl df krdl kg Cgu klß hHd 4krdl kt k;ky Cgu hHd nko s s tkel e /cl d uil 4x[n hg kuiv ikv ]kx[n hg kuiv e ]g kt kuil X a a s s s X s wa s T , s 4g ;®l go ]Xy [n Fkl henkv ln kd thp ltf 4g uîo¬ go , s s , ]dl [n u Fkl hH henkv kn kd thp ltf ]dl kt k;df u dyçfi kd t X s s s s s hp ltf 4g ukpgi dS hd suil 4rdl [sn Cgu kukn kuil hg dS ]jd ' , s X s X X 'fkd hg hurdf ikv jkv e df g <qx dS kd uil 4rkg Cgu dyçfi hHd s , T , s s s s uil 4g rkg Iobki knl uil jkv g krjd kni kuil okH ]gj uk;÷ udfy T s s s z s , , , s s 2g krxy ugj Fkl d ukoxH I? lhckp rDH 2g hrkt uc rDfH kr g , s s s a , , s T srn kxy rfzi d ukoxH eg ct ]kre{ hd su[n uîo¬ g; ];ƒekl hd okH s s s Z g; 2g rDfH eku kdlm kr g hrkt hn kxy Gjr hd ukoxH ct ];ƒekl , s , Z hd okH g; 4g rDfH eku kd ;ƒekl hd okH lb3g Z;ƒekl hd okH skt g; , Z , 2Xxy suht Fkl dlm 2Xxy ujd rkc llm eg 2xy u s s s s s kg eyke nt,ke lki jkeg go ]g Cgu nwtke kt df g rdl [n uîo¬ ohr s w w s , , s T s s z kurb eg 4g y[ kdlm g; ]g kF¬o;ø hd u[n uîo¬ kt go ]g kF¬o;ø hd , s , s s s , xkenf kt go ]hI¥dG kt go dfk;D 4g yjl ydycf Syf d ;kIl¥kI g; s , s X , q s Œ Œ 2hxXxy sukg rkc l ukoxH hjk/u/ 2hxxy ukg Xr s X s Z q X s s kc l ukoxH yko suktc hjlkc ]sxxy uyp ukoxH gxt hd rjkv lb cr s s q a X s , 4Cgu BkuOfd Bkd kdum kr gkp kujd u'n kd ukoxH jxv ;kIl¥kI cv s s s s Z Œ Œ 4h;x kg hryx df kyp kri cr ]kII ji 4kF hjWt kukt I s w , wI ji Syf dlb udfsy 4hrLi Cgu h;k[nf hH >e kr cv ]kgd u ;ŒkIl¥kI , s \ s q s s Œ 2hr L\i Cgu h;k[nf rjkv Bkd `rjkv ukd ]kgd ulm 4kF kgj jd rkc sl rj , s , , s X kv dS 2kF kgj pkl kd uhr e 4F hg kn df kyp kri ji uII kuI? kr , s T s s s w q s g; `krdjl k;D hH e kr rkg kn ]kgd su ;kIl¥kI 4hF gxt hGkd Syf d X T s s s s Œ Œ s kn eg `djl k;D ikv df kgd kd ;kIl¥kI jdkv phu u henkv jlwn lm s s X s Œ Œ s s s 2kLi jxf phu l k;Pfhl jkv kdjl ;ŒkIl¥kI ];kt xy \ s s X \ , Œ s u kdD/ kdlm Cgd 4g krjd krpV u ]g krjL u l dD/ d h_¬ Bkd e l s , , s s s s X W cv 4g rkc hd ygi d ¶¡ª¡ 2;kt xy u kdD/ skdlm Cgd ]hF kt e , s s s s X phc ]rjkv hjlhr go jkv 4hF gxt hg hd kn Glf kgo 4kF kgj jrm hen , , s Z a
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044 fo 663 egaP

rDfH 4Sg kni l kui¥d hg huiv ]g ukoxH hg uiv go 2g rxkH hH Sy q , s T s T s f d ukue kdum ukoxH dum Nhi ]xkv7sxkv g rxkH rDH 2g krjGf ;kp s s s s s s T s , s u kd ukoxH uiv rDH kr 2g e Fkg uiv hH kukpu kd ukoxH 4g e F s s s , X s s , X kg suiv kuil jkv g hg kuil Glf 4hrkv Cgu BkuOfd hHd Syflb 4g kL , , Z , i kvg kyG kuil Glf ]Cgu hg g hI[ kgo dfk;D ]g kuil kjk;î kLc jkv \ q , Z , wa a X , \ , 2g krsy kojd ]g krgkp kt go l ukoxH 2g hrLi huykL hu'kj , , s s , \ s jiM dlm cr ]g krgkp ct 2g krLi kupku güm ]g krgkp ct 2g krL\i s , , \ X , , kukjd¬e güm cr ]kd ukoxH g krgkp ct go 4g kry jd kui¥d hd [ q q X s , , s q s l uiv go 2kd rDH g kuil rF¬fo;ø kr ukoxH jkv 4g rkg uil n[ql T s , T s s s 4g krdl kg h;knnukv]g krdl kg h;kn[ql udfy , s a , s s ]g Cgu ukoxH ]ukoxH kd rDH 4kx;kt kg knof hg rkg knof d rDH jk , s s s s s , v ]g hg Fkl d rDH go 4g k;df kni u rDH kt ]g go ukoxH kd krDH , s , , s s , X 4kxkg s hH cr ]sxkg Cgu eg ct 6kF hH cr ]F Cgu eg ct skt ]g go kr ukoxH X s , s 4g krjd utl hg rDH kdltf ]g go u , 1 , koxH kd rDH jkv 4g k;df utl kjkeg ultf ]g go kr ukoxH `g rdl , , 1 s , s T s jd ld eg utl kd ukoxH dfk;D 2utl7uîo¬3g utl kd ukoxH rDfH s , 1 X 1 , 1 2kxway [n güm e j,kv kxy kuc g s X T wa X üm e kl,o ]g kukuc >e klt 4kxy kuc kdlm e 4kxLi kukuc kd ukoxH T , s q , wa s T s \ s jkv kxgj hg kl,o ]g klt e kr kg kuukt kd ukoxH hydu jxv jkv 4kx , wa wa , T s s s , wa dl ukt kd ukoxH hylv e hHr 4kxLi kukt Ief >e ]g e hH klt 4kx s T s \ s q wa T , sLi kuIef >e kr kg kukt Gjr hd ukoxH hylv df y >el kd dG lb \ s q s s X s Z 4kxLi kukuc s \ kd ukoxH kr kg kukt Gjr hd ukoxH hydu jkv kxsLi kuIef kdikv kr s s s , \ s s kg kukt Gjr hd ukoxH hylv 4krdl ky Cgu dG Bkd eikv ukoxH 2g s Z s X T Sg kni l ue hg dikv dfk;D ]g krdl jd Cgu ynckYj Nd eikv uko q , s s X , s q X xH 2g rgj uc hg l,o ]g l,t ikv df g k/ofl dS e ukoxH d uîo¬ sl T s s s T s , q X s , o 2Fkl d ukoxH d uîo¬ ]g rdl koax uoht rgc 2g rdl kox uoht k s s T s q T s a ji jkv g rdl jd kni ukoxH suiv eg 2g sry jd kni ukoxH uiv eg w , T s , T s , s 2gj rn kjgi jdy <kc "u/ ekj k s s s s q s r kg; ]g kdIy ji hyl Bkd u ]g kvg ;®u kg; u `kg ;x kg Cgu kr y a , w s , q 1 a s s s s xki kukn er df sxlg lknhlyr 2kgj krkg ;®u jH rkj 2tkokv hd hjlakc X s q X a q s 1 q hLi Cgu h;kul kdikv 2g gj jd rkc hd llht ldf ]hxgd kjhe jkv 2 \ q s T s X s , s s \ gj L[ llht jH rkj ]hyef Cgu jc[ hd <‘Î Bkd ]kxgd llfkÌ `kg; s s a a <‘Î F kgd ]ikv kg gj gd ryx 4kx;kt kg nkoof e kuhr gcl jkv 4kx s a s s s s X X q , gj kr[n kd llht llfkÌ ]sxgj r[n kd ekj uiv lknhlyr ]hxgj hr[sn s s s a X s s s s q s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 763 egaP

kv e cr ]kvkt dp er ]g dhO ]g krgd go 4g krjd k{hri kuil ky T s q q , , , z ko un [n hg Nhi dlm ]g krn [l kuil kt jkv 4rkt y Cgu jgkc d s s q s s , s q s , s s s [l uil dfk;D 4g krkg /çyim kd [l ]krkg Cgu /çyim kd nukv rDH q s X , s s q s s a 4g nukv kgo 4g knl kt , a a , s ]k;x gj hgo Glf kr cv 4;x hH o ]xo¬ sF ;kuc ueg 4s;x hH o ]du Z s s s Z s s s Z s s F ;kuc ueg 4k;x hH [l ]k;x hH [n3kdp kt cl go ]kF k;kuc ueg s q q q s kt 4g dp kt kukn [n jkv [l ct ]g rfF¬f go nukv ]g <{ go nukv s T s q X s q , q , a , a 4g Cgu [l kvg k;df kni kj , q q , k} jkeg nukv 4g jkv rkc Nd naukv ]Cgu 4g kgj jd k{hri [n jrjuf s a , , q , z q a Nhi dlm dfk;D ]g Cgu dofr¬ko [l so udfy ]g rdl yef [l sl uil s s X T q s T s q s 4kxLi kukuc kd uil s \ s s jGf 4kx;kt n [n rgc kr kxII ct jkv 4kxII kr kuil 4krdl kg Cgu s s q q s s w , s w s s roæk' kuil 4krdl kg Cgu h;kF¬ kuil 4kxII jkc7jkc kuil 4kxgj krI s s w s I kuil dfk;D ]kxgj krki hH [n jkc7jkc go ]kxgj krki [l e uil kt w X s q s q X s s 2g krxy uL , s i eyke [n lm e 'kg ]g krLi ewyke [l lm e h'kgc 2kn ckj' jkv \ w q s X s , \ q s X s s s , >e ]g krgd go jGf ]g krkv 'kg jGf 4dhO dr cr ]krgj Cgu 'kg dr s q , , s s ct jGf 2g krhi ckj' jkv jGf 2k;x Li e [n e dfk;D ]kn ckj' ]g , , \ X q T X s , krgd go jGf ]g krkv 'kg jGf3g kry hi ckj' henkv dS 4g [ql klt , s , s , , ckj' ]g [l kt kd uil g; kr 4hg kxkg [n cr ]kxs;k[ ct kuil jkv k , q s s s s q s , x;k[ e phc7phc kuil 2kx;[fj jdLdi dr jn hurdf kd uil e ylv s s X s \ s s s X `h;x k[ kgd r 2sn s a w u'n jGf cv 2n /fkel >e 2ke g ]n /fkel jGf >e cv df F srkj jd Z s s q a s s s q s s Ihi7Ihi hrkN kr hF hrkt II /fkel ct 4hF hrkt xy /fkel kd <‘Îekj s w s 4kxgj krk[ jkc7jkc 4kxgj krk[ go ]g k;df s s s s , refuf ueg [l kt Syflb 4k;df Cgu refuf ueg kt ]g go nukv 4,g Cg Z s q s Z s s , a u nukv go 4g kOw> [l go ]g k;df refuf ueg [l kt ]gj uk;÷ udfy a , q , Z s q s s s 4Sgfkp kuyef [l 4g ykol hg; kd kxky kjktg 4g Cgu ykol q , X s X , kd rDf;ø dS hldf g; df g Syflb Z<io®ge g; 4g <io®ge ykol g; , w , Z w 2g rgkp [l eg `l ukoxH g cyre k;D eg 4g rgkp T s q s , X T s [l eg kr 2skg krdl n [l hH ukoxH kd kui¥d eg jxv ]l ukoxH g q s s q X s , cyre k;D eg ]g k[yf sukgüm 4sukgüm g kNwi uæi dS 4g kNi u _ef dS X , X X , z , w s `g kdldf kugkp , s kd ukoxH 4g krgkp knk;† kd [l ]g krgkp ed kd ukoxH henkv jkv 4 s , s q , s , g n[l udfy 4kg dQ l rkc jkv hldf hg n;k' urm ]g dQ l upgi d , q s X s s , s T s s s qa r ukoxH xky urtf <jkd d rDfH 4kpgi Cgu dr ukoxH hHd Bkd sl s s s qa s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 863 egaP

4kuil jkv kyko u[sn , s kuil3g kn e suil 4g dS knl e ;®l 4r,}v knl e ;®l jkv 4g kn knl T s X , X X , T s X s e uil 4g r} knl e uil df g hjWt huy [j e uk;÷ rkc dS hH jkv , , X s , s X , 4hrki Om Cgu jiM d uil rDfH s s 4kxn hH [qn ukoxH kd uil udfy 4g krdl n [ql uko s s s , s xH kd uil dfk;D ]g ukoxH kd uil kt ]kxjd kni kd ukoxH hlm hg s X , s s s , s rpæfuf go ]g kcL kt e k{kdkv hd [l 4g ygi kn d thp hg dS o df , w s X a q T w s s s X k;D ]kx;kt yef [l kr ktk[ e Bkjgx l dhO jxv hH kd [n 4kx;kt y s q s s s X s s q s ef [n kr k[p l dhO ueg jxv kd [l 4g Cgu hlß rkc hd [ql udfy q s s s s q , s 4,g nukv a hg nukv 4g nukv Glf kgo kr ;kt jgx hg urdf ];kt l k'nf hldf e a , a Z a s X s s X s g ][p hH l Cgd eg kd jxkl d naukv hg lß 4g kjk[ go ];kt sjgx hg X s s s s , X surdf jkv 4g kjk[ hg kjk[ 4g kjk[ kr [p hH l Cgd kd huki d –el , , , s X s s s q eg lt 4g nukv hg nukv lc kr X;kt jgx hg urdf elm 4g Cgu hH N s , , a a s s s X , qd kr Nhi dlm 4g nukv lc naukv 4g Cgu ;kim kd uync kd nukv 4g C s s s , a , s s a , gu ygi kjln kd nukv 2g Cgu nç' hH Bkd rhjiof d nukv udfy 2g r w w a , s s a s , fk'v rhjiof d rfak' 4g [n kr rhjiof d [l 2g Cgu hg nç' Bkd rhji a s , q s s q , s of d nukv ]g rkc hd Z;pækv Lc g; `g kul hHd nç' rhjiof sl nukv s a , s \ , q a 4kiNf Cgu hH Bkd Nhi dlm jGf 4g Cgu s s s , ygi Bkd kjln elm jGf 4g rauv go jGf ]g Cgu rv Bkd kdlm jGf w s w X , , a s 4g oHquv kd suki kd ;®l k; ke®keji naukv 4g jkv rkc Nd nukv udfy , s , , q a s 4krdl kg s Cgu jgkc hHd l [n go ]g krxke [l kt 4g krgj krync hg klß dhO s q , a q s , g; 4g unf nkc d rkj jg jkv g rkj nkc d unf jg lt ]g hg lo g; 4 , s , , s s , , s , g kiNf [l sNhi d [n jg ]g kiNf [n sNhi d [l jg Syflb 4kx;kt skg , q s q , q s q s jiM go ]kF sphu kt jkv kxsync kdDlf e jn hLkF 4kxs;kv kyp Fkl hH s , X s s\ ygi kjln kd dDlf hlm kr kx;kOm kd dDlf d [l go ct dfk;D 4kx w w s s s s s s q X gj krjxf jkc7jkc e [n go ]g krjd k{kdkv hd [l kt 4g ygi kn d s X q , a q s T w s s dDlf hg dS [n jkv [l 4rdl ki Cgu kjkdIN hHd l [n ikv kr g r s q , q s q s q s , jWt hg hd [l kdikv jxv 2g rjWt hd [l eg df g kNi u _ef utf q s , q X , w s 4g krkt Li Cgu dG llb udfy 2k;yf kuc ;"of kd ei ukgüm k , \ Z s s zs s X s d ukoxH 4k;x ync ;"of ]IDstçkv kd ei Glf 4g kFd hukji hg hd k;e Œ zs Z , q X fzsi go 2hx;krl kdum u≈fv hd gjof jkv sxX;kj ]xIhi hrkN o cr ]kxsdl s s , s s X s uc Cgu kuil ]hxyef Cgu dy> ct jkv 2xkg Uli Lc o cr ]hx;kt y s , s X z s \ s s ef dy> hd ukoxH güm ct 2sxLi h;k[nf hH Sg rkj rDH cl kr 4aMkt X X \ q s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 963 egaP

4lkoæof gj r hji 5g _l kygi kd rDfH Syflb 4hxs;kt kg rLf[ rkc cl kr k;x k w , w s a s v hH kurb `g Cgu kr kuil Cgd g; ]g kgj [n e kt df 4kxs;kv Cgu g , s wa s T s s a nl ji uil cr 4g krdl kg kji kuil cr ]ky jd jkdho¬ djd nc [kv s , s w s s a a 4g _l kygi kd rDfH Ghycf Lbkyç ]k0J h/v , w a a 4kx;kt k s s g rîkel ydycf jL cr 4Sgfkp Cgu hg hukg [kv `y u [n jdyk[ kl7k q s X a wa s s LkF Cgd df g jL g; ]Wd nc [kv hg hurdf e kr ]g [kv lki je 4kLk s\ , a a X a T s T X a s s s\ N Cgu hg ;kim Bkd kd gnl kgt ]cyre kd k0J h/v 4Sgfkp k0J h/v s s a a a a ydycf 4Sgfkp k0J h/v kgo 4Cgu ;kim kgo Syf d gnl 4krdl ki Cg q a a a s s a u 'soi e k;ufn hd rDfH hH kjt gsnl Syflb 4g thp rqHnv rgc hyko z X q a , q s s\ uLkr uîo¬ gnl 4kx;kt kg xH uîo¬ kr kvg gnl hH kjt 4kg k0J <i s a s s a s q s a s Z w ]kg k0J 4kx;kt kg xH uîo¬ ]kxkg gnl hH kjt 2kg u gnl df _wl kygi s s s a s s a s s a ~~~g hjWt g; kr ]_l kygi 4g hjWt L\c _l uhr Syf d kF¬o;ø hd uîo¬ , s w T s w s 4g hrLi hujd kF¬o;ø Syf d uîo¬ jGf kd rDH kr 2g ku[sn sl , \ s s s , [kv hyq[ ]g ku[n Cgu hg djd nc [kv df g g; k{kdkv erfv hd jGf a , s s a a , a a jkv 4g ku[n eg hgo ]g ku[sn kuil kt eg 4g Ikyî ]g uîo¬ rF¬fo;ø g , , s X , s X , a , o ]g kt rDfH 4kx;kv jrm jrhH jkeg kuil kl7ukd Cgu kri eg 4g dt , s s s , X T kjv ]g rF¬fo;øv so udfy ]g gj [n hg tkj eg skr uîo¬ Ar<jk/kl slß T s T s s s 4g kr[sn uil rF¬fo;ø rDH dfk;D~~~g ku[n uîo¬ rF¬fo;ø kdikv jxv , s X , s s 4hxdl kg Gkl rkc hji hd rDfH kr Sgfkp kuy s s w s s sy e yk;[ _l uhr7kn dlm 4g ku/kl ]g xk;3g k;∂fi hd u[n xeVhL X w s s , , s , z s s ≠ Ikyî ]uîo¬ rF¬fo;ø jGf 4g hg dS go ]g kt udfy 2g Cgu hd ukt gj a , , s s , s d dS k{kdkv hd rDH Syflb `kxkg kgd rDH ]kxkg kgd ukoxH kr ; s a s a s a s s kt gj hg dS dfk;D ]s;kt gj hg dS df krdl Cgu hH pkl g; hHd rDH X s 4g krht e r} knl rDH , X , 4g krdl Om jgkc d r} cr 4II ue ]II okH ]II rDfH ct ]g krdl , s , s w s w s w , Om hHr jgkc d r} dfk;D ]g krdl Cgu hH Om jgkc d r} 4krki Om s , X , s , Cgu jgkc d r} hHd rDH 4gj krkcn <jp jkgér ]gj kOc lki jkgéqr ]g s , wa s q wa , s s j kuc xl®l kjkgér df g krjd kuFki hg; knl go 2kun re LkN >qe 2k a q , Z z s s\ s ukt yp re jdLkN hHd df g krgj krjd kuFki l ukoxH go 4g krgj s s\ , Z z s , kjL knl rDH Syflb 4g Cgu kn lß ]kyko uLi h;k[nf jkv kyko u[sn B T s s s \ , s kd kgo 4g dS krDkHuv jkv rfwHuv 4g Cgu kn e rfHuv hd ;®l udfy s a T s q , q T s X w q s 4g kyko uL , s i h;k[nf jkv g kyko u[n 4g ukoxH jkv g rDH3g kn knl hH e rDfH \ , , s s , , , , s X
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 073 egaP

e/7dlfke kdum unf jkp 2sxgj jn hH so lo ]hxgj jn l kthp cl k;_ Z X w s , X w s X a ¬f l,t ]unf jkp udfy 4Cgu Z;pækv rgc hH go lß 4s;kt hH kg kr kg l s s q s s s s lfkuîgf7kIkv rgc jxv df Cgu hH ;pækv Nd ji 4e/7dlfke krdl Cgu s s q Z q Z kr kg 2g rdQ hH llm o unf jkp 2g krkg hH e/7dlfke kdum 4g k;_ s s , s s s , s Z s T a ¬f hdlm k; ]g h_¬ eg 6g "Qi go hg <‘Î df g [j jd jkdho¬ okH7h_¬ T , q T s hHl sukgütf ]d gjr lb g rDH hylv kt o 4g Cgu kyeke dr Cg; jkv X s T s s , , 2ji jr¬cf g hH rkl T s s jdsy kd <‘Î rkj df ji k_k; lm ;x yduf dr jn urb o 4krdl Cgu s s w s s hH kg kucf dlm 4g dhO ydycf kF¬o;ø go udfy 4hxkg hukjg hLc kr x s s , q s s , \ s s X >el kF¬o;ø hji hdlm jxv 2o g ruke Cgo Ar<jk/kl jkv 2hd <‘Î g w s T s , T k;[fl kr eg ]g rgd o 4g sxy uuke hg h_¬ kd uiv kt ]g hH rDH slß a s T s s T s s s s T 2g k;yf Ldi kd h_¬3olfi Rpf ulm 2hxxy ukg Idi rkc <_¬ cl el , \ , s X s s z X , X m 4g k;x yduf ji k_k; hd h_¬ l "Qi Nd go df kxxy kdikv kr ;kt , s q q s s s s yef kdikv rDH dhO Bkd jxv 2g [j jd jkdho¬ ;kim <_¬ cl u krD s s T s , s X H Syflb 4g hrjd jkdho¬ Glf go 4g Fel knk;† e u[n kuil Rpf7h_¬ , Z , Z X s s 4kukg kyko ujd <gx ]kukg ;∂ s s z s ‘fuf ]olfi g hjWt Syf d suil jkv 4g ;∂fl ]oIDfS go 4g <e∂kv el , , s , , , X m]g rfF¬fAue kt hd "Qi e Rpf7"Qi dfk;D ]l dhO krdl [n Cgu kui , s q X q X s s l Rpf7"Qi 4g Rpf kd "Qi lki dutf ]g k;_¬f hl7rgc jkv g Rpf kd q , q s T a q , , h_¬ lki dutf ]g "Qi l rgc dfk;D 4g kgj gd Cgu hd "Qi3Rpf7"Qqi s T q s q X wa q 4g BkuOfd hLc hd ukg rDH d Rpf , \ s s s 7"Qi Syflb 4Sgfkp <_¬ Rpf jkv Sgfkp jkted Rpf Syf dlm kr ]xy q , , s s s s s \ uLi Bk[nf kji ydycf go ]Xxy uLi Bk[nf cl BkpM ]BkLkp ]Bkcy Xe w q s \ a ,\ a lm kr kg ku[n kuil hek;kv uhr ]yu'e;kL hF kr 4;kt gj u dG e u s s s X z s s Z X s il jkv e r;yflv hH kjt elm kr kg ku[n gjr hji ]kg ku[n gjr hj , X X s s s w s s i kd suiv jxv jGf 4rDfH g hrkg Wq' l k0J h/v 4kxkg _l kygi gsnal w s , s s a s w 4g _l kygi kuyk[ [kv kr kg kuLkr kd uil hldf jxv , w s a s s s\ s s 4g _l kygi k0J h/v kr kg kuuke ;®l kd uil hldf jxv , w a s s s s 4hg rp æfuf g hrdl kg hji rDfH cr ]kn LkN dr cl ]gnl cl ]jkpof7pkl cl , s w s s\ Z s a s 4g hH e df Syf d upkl ku[j re Nhi kd uiv hH kjt 4kjd <iel k wa T s s s s s s s Z ji ]k0J hji 4kjd k0J3g gj k>el kd Xkxky l ykl kjktg rDH Syflb w w s , s s s s X 4g krdl L\i ewyke ;®l kuil hHr 4Sgfkp kukt , gj Cgu gnl klß ]g kuil~~~hH ji suil df g g; cyre kd ukg kji lkoæ s a , , s s w of 4Sgfkp kukt kg kji lkoæof 24g hHd e lkoæof jkgér 2g Cgu kji lko s w , X s q , w æof kjkgér ]xgd xsky yko u>el d rDfH kr kg u L[ ukoxH jxv jkv q s X s s s s X s \ ,
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044 fo 173 egaP

2hxLi hu[j hjkt uIj hH Syf d ukyH kd [H e lk s \ s s q s w X oim 2[H [j hjkt uIj3hxs;kt kg ed nCu 4Sgfkp hugj hjkt uIj hdum s w X s ]kg ukoxH dikv hH kt3ukoxH7ukoxH e nCu 4Sgfkp hukg uIj hH e n X s s X s X Cu kr 4hx;kt kg hjkt hH go ]hd ukoxH hrki kg Cgu uIj jkv g krkt k s s s s , , yp rDo kt e nCu Syflb 4l sujd lkoim hxs;kt k[ nCu hxs;kt kg hukl s X s s s kv rgc 4Xy jd lkoim 2sx;kt kg yci suil hg urm ]x;kt kg jkted u q X s z s s X s s s rtf dfk;D ]y jd hH lkoim unf lhdDb 4,g kNπv rgc kuy jd lkoim X X q s kr ckj[ kg kujd hn¥t jkv ]kr kg kujd ckj[ llb 4k;x kg ckj[ xken s s , s s s s f kdikv 4;x kg yxki ikv 4;x pgi ji kehl hd ukg yxki ikv ],g cyr s s s qa s s e kdlm 2;x kg Wq' ukg uZ'n d ukoxH df x;ki ikv e unf lhdDb jkv s s s s s s X X , 4g hGkd unf lhdDb 4Cgu rjWt knk;† l unf lhd T s Db kr s;kt xj e hlm lkoæ7lkoæ jkv 4X;kt yp rpj kd kokH uiv lki s a X , s s s X s lkv d r√e lm jkv y uke kntV kd r√e lm 2;kojd uku¬ ];kojd utk s w , X s w X X s H ];ky[f kuk[ kd r√e lm 4Xxkt Fkl d hlm3Fkl7Fkl d hlm 4;kt Oc X s w s s X , jdy kd r√e e ue 4y jd I‘i¬ r√e hd ukoxH 2kn u'n ukoxH g ]kn s s w X X w s Z s s u'n ukoxH g df [j s;kxy u/ hg dS lc 4s;kt kg gcl l >kl ];kt k Z s X q s q s a s s g >kl l gcl 4[j hjkt kuIhi hrkN ]kukx ]kukj ]kuky¥pf ]jkdi ]lk;î G a s q X s q Z lf3Syf d unf lhdDb jkv y jd jkdho¬ jdkg /av ji Syf d unf lhd s , X s s s w s Db 4g Cgu rjWt hd knk;† llb 4Syf d sujd u'n kd ukoxH d gjr l , s s Z s b 4g hGkd unf lhdDb Glf ][n djd xk;i ikv ]Cgu unf knk;† henkv T Z X s s s z Bkd jxv 2skvkv df3kuIhi hrkN ]kukj ]kujkdi 4kvkv ]kvkv df3;∂‘fuf k s s q s s {hri dS ]xIVsov olfi S I¬t Glf lc 4Sgfkp kukt IN okH kd <e∂kv z , Z w 4Sgfkp kukt IwN kji i¥dl 4kruhgi¥dl jkted ]Rpf7<_¬ g r' hjlwn w a a s , , Z 2g rxy suht lkilkv dlm jduke rfi kd ukoxH o 4g xke Syf d , s s s s , Z s um rDfH 4g krkt gj Cgu Zxke Syf dum ukK ]hH o g d Rpf7<,_¬ xky , s s T s s kt hH e "Qi jkv 4rDH g ;df kni u k;_¬f 4Crdl jd Cgu kni ak;_¬f s X q , T s , s X , xky d gjr lb 0c k; jhokge k; nk<d ]yifd 2;df kni Cgu duf'kn j s s q s , Z ,kv ]lde eI¬lf jkv krkeuf7_¬k'3yko ujd <keuf _¬k' jkv rLfi Xe k; Z s , Z s s Z , a X _¬f udfsy 4g ;df kni xky Nd jkv g hd kni kljF ]g hd kni kjhe u k T s , s q , , , s s , , s X ;_¬f 4g Cgu hyk'yc kurm kl¬gf go kd ue dum 4;df Cgu kni u k;_¬f , s s , s X hxk;ukK ]kgd ue l,t 4;df Cgu kni rLfi Lc rgc Bkd u k;_¬f Syflb s s T s s , a s \ q s s X 4g Cgu <idr go 4g , Z w Z , olfi ]g <wikuokH go ]Rpf7<_¬ 3g Rpf kt kd h_¬ df g g; <jkd kd , , Z , , s , lm g g; <jkd kdlm 4g r' ;koufv Rpf <_¬ Syf d ukg rDH udfy , , Z Z , s s s s 2g k[j uke h_¬ ydycf kd uiv ukgütf 2yqdy , q s s s X cf ;x pgi dr rv rxdr ]ydtfky df kt ]g rDH hylv s; 2kx;kt kv s qa a Z s T s
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4g krxy sujd kni _pf go ct ]g krkt kv Xe , , , rykg lm ue hg klß ]g r[sn kuil eg e rkj lt jkv 4g* krkt kg I T s X s , , , s ‘u gsnl 4g rsn jd <h{ kd jkpof r¬el urojfi s; 2g hrkt kg <ik0J a T s s Z , s Z w 0fcdr r¬el 4g rn jd rk∂kv lm ykd®r jdkt e d‘r¬fe ; ]g t≈L q Z T s s a s X s T ≠ ydefd kt s; dfk;D 2g krkt kg ;®l go ]y uke hH kt jkv 2gkp ku[sn s s X , s s s , s hH kt 2g krsy [n go ]gkp ku[n hH kt jGf 2g krkt pgi e kF¬ov hd s , s s s s , qa X rDfH henkv ujkG l suy sy kd LbkekyF;kL LlfS dt√lbky ]l uy jd , s s s s s s s xk;im ~kd~hL~lS~yS 4g Cgu rjWt hd ujd ruge gjr hd jhcd jkv s , s s , kjhe Bkd cv df g hn gkyl dS ulm elm jkv 9jk}( d u'n8 k; 9jk} s , s X , s Z s d u'n s;u8 ]9u'îlji w;ü Gkv lkL83g h[yf ckrdf dS u ylDg lvL¥S Z s Z s , s s q 4g hryp l htr ]g hryp gjr hd uyî It /fof dufkK , s s , s s o ]g hryp l xP d hLkxyc /fof dufkKov 3g krkg cyre hg kurb kd , , s a s \ , , , s /fof dufkKo dfk;D ]g hNπv jkv k;/fof dufkKo kr kg kukt hn¥t Xe r , X T , a , s s DfH kd hldf jxv 4g hNπv hH jkv thp o 2g hy tk[ thp h;u hH jkv s T , X s T s X , 3kukvthjke ]uhyd¬e ~hL ~lS ~yS 4g Syf tk[ u/kl dufkKo ;u e kd q s T s , s X jfev cv jkv 4g k;if ljp ]g h;k[ ehGv ]g k;if ktkx3s;kt kg ohr kr s , , , , a s z e{ hd okH ]hd d‘r¬fe lutf ]g ;df ;kim d gjr lb hH jkv u krDH s T s s , s X 4g krdl kg <≈Q d‘r¬fe hn¥t rgc 4g dhO jGf lc kr ;kt , s q , s s gj ukoxH kdlm ]s;kt gj go jkv s;kt yef rkdS 4Sgfkp rkdS kd rD , a a s H Syflb 4hxkg IokdQ ji kui¥d kr kg nwtke henkv kjln 4g hrxy ujd s s s , w , s ekd kui¥d go 4g hrkt kg Pkxi kui¥d hdlm kr s;kt gj henkv kydv , s \ z s s 2Ii g; kd ek' g kxkI hg nq[ 2g T s , a T hgj Li eyke xkI kn 2g kL[ henkv Bkd df g krxy klß kr g kydv Xe \ w X a s , \ s , s , s j? e rkj jkv ji hl¬j g k;nf xakI Ii djd uku¬ kd ek' hg nq[ 2hLi X , , T s s \ h;kul tkokv hd ji d hldf ]g krkt Bkd g krxy lm kr g krdL[ kRi q , s , s , s s , \ kl7kjt ;kt kl e j/v rkj j/b ]henkv /kdS gxt lb udfy 4Cgu rkc s s X s s a s Bkd kr ;kt kl kg; xky jkl eg rkj jxv 4g Oc xky urb kg; eg slt s s X s a s s T s , s s a , 4g hrskg , k<jG¬ e kre{ hd u[n uîo¬ jkeg e rkdS 4;kt yp e rkdS 4,g hry q X s s s X a X s X a kL k/kc e su[n suil LkH7L\hH 4;kt yp e rkdS jkv 4g hrkt P\c rDf' X s \ X s X a , , hd kui¥d hg hdlm ]g hrkt kg kui¥d hg hurm 2g hrkt kg yci kui¥d , s , s z hg hurm ]g ue k[H kurtf g ue [H kurtf ]g ue kt k[H3g ue kt , w , w , s w , s k[H jkv 2g hrkt cn [H 2kryp Cgu kri kd [H kgo kr uIhi kjhte7> w , , w w a s s a k> g rxy kgo 2hrkv Cgu nk; hd [H e jnfe 2g hrkt kv nk; hd [H k a T s a w X a , w s r kg e j? dfk;D ]g krkt Oc e jnfe go ]g krjd lkoim Bkd unf ltf s X X , , X a , s
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hri kd u'hcéS go 2g krkv kuil kd suLm kd Rpf h{kdko®ge 4;kt L\m z , \ s a s df hrkg Cgu kNπb e ue dldf 4hg kxs;kv ]Cgu dut;pækv Bkd g; ]; s X s Z s s kv kuil kd uLm e 'kdkv kd kyko sugj ji uhet 4 g rkv kd kxky Bd s \ X s X T s s X s 4g krLm e 'kdkv go df kF krkv kuil knl kdlm 4k;kl e ukde , \ X s s X s d ytfe Colhykp huiv 4k;yf ~hL ~lS ~yS e dk;w;ü u henkv dS hHv a X Z s 2kxLi h;k[nf ekj kd yko ekj ]kxLi h;k[nf <‘Î kd yko <‘Î] s \ s s s \ s s kxLi h;k[nf I¬bk∂ kd BklB 4sxLi h;k[nf ukoxH uiv7uiv 2xxy uL\i h s \ s X \ s s s X s ;k[nf ukoxH endS jkv 2xXxy ukx ]sxxy upku 2xX;kt kg rDH jkv xy , s s X s s s , s X k[ ikv jdsy kdltf ]l ukdn hd I¬efd hx;kt yef IycI hd l¥defd s s q s s s s s kr e ;‘ofH 4kxjd Cgu Bkd rDfH e ;‘ofH cv kr g ku/kl rDfH jxv s X s s X s , 2hd sujd ku/kl g Cgu rjWt Bkd 2g rjWt hd uy y kukvthjke , s , s s s q k; ]g rjWt hd huy k[ hykx dS k; ]g rjWt hd uy y u'Dtb kd ~h , s s , s s s s a L ~lS ~yS Syf d suyef l ukoxH df g hgj kv k<jk/ h;u dS hd rfk∂ s s , a 3e k;ufn hjkl ]g hgj kg rfk∂ duf;klkj ]u'w;¥kojf ydefd h;u skt g; X q , s a s s 4g hrkt kg ohr rgc kre{ hd u[n uil d Rpf kr ;kt Lx , s z q s s s s s s \ cf uyrl duf;klkj go 4g krkt L\xcf uyral duf;klkj kjkl l jrhH kd q a , q s o®rDf;ø dlm jkv 4g hrkt kg ed LbklDkv7;kL7uZckd jkv g hrkt kg s , , s , , s knk;† uthlDkv dfk;D ]g krkt ync uyrl duf;klkj ]lyc ydefd kji X , q a X , s w kd jhj' dlm kr g krjd ek;k<ki jdy lkoæ l jkt rgc kt henkv dS s s , z s s s q s 4g urojfi duf;klkj ]g ltp ydefd cl ; df g hrgd g; T Z T s X s s T s T o 4g hyko sukjc? rgc o ]g hgj yp tk[ kt ji lm 4g krkg urojfi d q s T X s s , s Z uf;klkj hH l ujd ek;k<ki jkv 4g krkg urojfi duf;klkj hH sl u/kl s s z , , s Z s s l hr¬njct ]l jkt rgc kd ;p‰c 4g krkg urojfi duf;klkj hH l u s s q s Z z , s Z s s y ~hL ~lS ~yS jkv 4g krkg urojfi duf;klkj e ;‘ue hH l lkoim cy s , , s Z X q s s a 4g krkg urojfi duf;klkj kd gjr hlb hH e ue d ;‘u , s Z X s q e hH l lkoim cy df g hrkrc g; go ]g hgj kg uhctk[ kt cv udfy s s a , , s s s s 4g x≠L ydefd g; 4g kry uhN kd rDf' hd j , s , s s kpof r¬el jkv ]g krn kuc <_¬ kd Rpf 4g krn n k0J <i ~hL ~lS ~y , , s , s , s s Z w S 4g rkt kg ntke ykd®r ukoxH ]kr kg rDH kd ukoxH Bkd jxv jkv T s s w , s s s , 2g rxy suy[f yG rHnv 2g rxy suLi h;kul rhxl rHnv Lc 2sl uy T s w q T s \ q a q s \ s s ~hL ~lS ~yS ]g krLi h;kul rgc gjxo nku ngkuv 2Cul Cgu hHd ueg , \ q q , q s s kt ]g hrxy uLi h;kul k;ufo÷ hlß güm 2sLm Cgu hHd kt ]g rxy uskg T s \ q a X \ s T s s ewyke rLm h{i lß güm 2hrLi Cgu h;k[nf hHd eg kt ]g hrxy uLi s \ s X \ X s T s \ h;k[nf Skerfi hlß güm 2Li Cgu h;k[nf hHd eg kt ]g rxy uLi h;k[ a z X s \ X s T s s \ nf xj lß güm 4hxkg hukjg kr Pi jxv ]ul ikv rkc jxv hdum3,g k;y a s X s , s X \ X q f u kxky kLkjd ]u kxky k[ky kr cv3g k;yf ~hL ~lS ~yS u kxky ltf s X s X s\ s X s X s , s X s
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;x xy sphu hH henkv go 2g krkt k[ dr ]g hrkt kg rOfd 0fqc kr kg , s Z , s qa s s kgj Li kjhte7>k> e kukd dlm ]kg gj Ihi kjhte7>k> henkv lhc kgt \ a a X X s X s a a a 2kxy uLdi k'u kdlm 2k;x kg Wq' kukg urojfi duf;klkj ]tp ydefd s \ s s s Z X s X e henkv lm 4sxxy ukLGLG j,i7Fkg dlm e jn hLkF `kxgj kOc pku k X s \ \ s X s s\ s , s ucf dr jn hurdf henkv kolhdDb kr kg gj pku henkv lhc jxv jkv 4 s a s X s , Cgu BkuOfd Bkd e ujd lb 4g rdl [n djd kr kdlm 4kxxy uew? jl s X s s T s s s s s s s f kdikv kr ]Gjr kjkp dikv I? lhc ]s;kt kIhi kjhte7>k> l jkt jxv s X s s a a a s s 2g hxk;im e uky k'u hH rhxal , s X s 2g k;x krLs\kt 'u ere”l ]g sLkt 'u , s w T s\ s ere”l jkv ulm e k'u d gjr cl jkv 2g k;df xk;im kd k'u d gj w , s X X s , , s X s r cl u syko utk[ kd ukoxH dr ~hL ~lS ~lS jdy l ljekl 2g Cgu s s s s s s s , UHf l uyfd¬e ~hL ~lS ~yS dufkKo d tkv go ]g rgd ljekl sltf Xe s s , s T s s no3dr tkv jdy l x; d no ]l uket ukji rgc ]u krDH ]su kv/kl s s s q s s s s s q q s X X q 4kF e rykg hd ~hL ~lS ~yS kr go dfk;D ]g kgj je hg h{i X s X wa df kg kgj >el hg; go rDo rje df g krdl kg udfy 2k;x je jkv kj s s , s s , xf 4kF henkv ]Cgu kF go kr h{i udfy ]k;x kr Lm 4k;x Lm henkv go s s s \ \ 2g hrn jd kni , s , k0J hL ~lS ~yS 4g r' hygi k0J Z<i 4g r' hygi kuLkN gnl Syf d z , Z w , Z s\ s a s s s u[n kuil df kgd sue Syflb 4Cgu hg krkg gnl e uil ]Cgu `k;x skg T s s a X s s , ld kLk? kr kF h{i hHv df krkv Cgu yk;[ hH kr s;kt kg kLk? endS s\ s s s s\ l h{i jxv df g hrkg kF¬ov /≈nflv hurb ]e uil df g g; kte jkv s , s a X s , , 2kF k;x kg go df ]kF k;x kg g; df 2kF s s k;x kg kLk? df 2kF k;x kg h{i e df h[n ue rkc hd ytGf k;D df s s\ s T s s T w g rpkl ikv jdxkt gcl 4g krkv ji suxkt ]kg `g krdl kg ld h{i Te T s s q , a wa s s , df krkv Cgu d' hHd e uil 4g krkg kjH l lkoæof <i kuil ]Cgu ` X s , s s Z w g krdl kg ld h{i e e uil 2g kgj [n k;D e g; df g k;kv yk;[ k wa s s , T X s wa s T , s dikv cr ]g rkt kg h{i e uil ikv ct `g k;kv yk;[ kdikv e uil T s s X s , s X s 2g krdl kg ld h{i e df wa s s , T k;kv Cgu yk;[ hH jkc dS lm 4g krkt kg rDe l gnl ydycf Rpf df s , s q s s a q Xk;D ]Cgu hg krkg gnl elm 4g krLi ewyke pl go ]g krLi eyke hH kt s s a X , \ , \ w s df g krn n eH kurb ~hL ~lS ~yS dfk;D 2hyef Cgu hyli7hÒg 2k;x L , s s z X \ m jdyduf l ukde d ytfe Colhykp huiv go jkv 4g k;x kg h{i e s s a , wa s T df kLi h;k[nf ujkG e k[kv hdlm jdsy ~hL ~lS ~yS 4h;x kg ydæfe h \ , X X a s q Lc jdy ~hL ~lS ~yS 4g krLm e 'kdkv go df kF krkv kuil hH kdlm \ s , \ X s 2g gj Lm jiM eg ]s;x IN phu cl T s \ w s 2;x Lm jiM l kthp hd phu cl eg df g dhri kd rkc lb go 4g d s \ s X s , z ,
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ln e k;ufn hjkl dfk;D 2g hryp k;“l hd ln e k;ufn hjkl Syflb 2h X q X , a X q y Ldi hruxf hd ln sulm ygi kr k;df W' kuuxf l k;yfxm u henkv \ s s q s X a s dfk;D ]g Cgu <jkd Bkd jkv 2g <jkd hg kurb ]g k;yfxm ln e Fkg d X , s , , T a a X s henkv 4g Cgu <jkd kd r<fx rgc Bkd 4g rHnv rgc <jkd kd k;“al , q s , q q hd dr ln 4kg u hg yk;[ kdikv n;k' 2g okyG hg kd ln jGf `,g hr s s , , kg k;D hg k;“l hd dr ln df g kpkl hHd uikv 4rjWt Bkd Cgu hH g s X a , s s s , 4g Cgu rjWt Bkd hd suuke k;“l hd dr ln df kF krgd , s a go 2uhr ]kn ]dS3kF krjd xk;im kd k;“l hg uhr uhI¬bkv 4rgc kd r s s a a q <fx g Cgu kri n;k' kdum 4g rkc hd kr;üke hjkeg 4g rdl kg hH gN , s , T s s kn jkv kn jkv 4g rdl kg hH pki kn jkv kn 4g kr;üke hjkeg Glf ]g s , s , T s s a s , s , Z , Cgu ;®l 4g kr;üke Glf ]g Cgu ;®l jkp kn jkv kn df g Cgu kri skdum , Z , s s s , `g rdl hg gd T s ikv kr g; ]g ;®l kr g; ]g rkg jkp kn jkv kn df g kNi ukgüm udfy s , s T s s s s s , w s X s 4g Cgu oHl hH kugd l e;÷ke d ue lm ]kukt Cgu ltf sl , a s s s s e;÷ke d ue 4g hrLi rjWt hd ue Syf d ugd dfk;D ]Cgu ;kim Bkd s , \ s s X s kd sugd lm ]ukt jdOm jiM d ue eg ltf kdlm 4krdl kt kgd Cgu s X s s s `krdl kt kgd Cgu e nç' kd ;®l ]g rgd ikv df kNi u _ef dS X s T s w s 4krdl kg Cgu oHquv Bkd kd ;®l ]kucf Om jiM d ue s s s s ]kucf Sdf LlkI kd ue 4kxLi kuOm jiM d ue 4kxLi kukt jki d ue X a≠ s s \ s s \ s 4g kl¬gf dS hg kd , ue okH jkv rDfH dfk;D ]hxLi hun LkN hH rDfH 4kxLi kun LkN okH , X s \ s s\ s \ s s\ 4g kt ]Cgu dr ukoxH , s lm 2kF kgkp kupgi sukgüm dr ltf ]g ;x pgi xky dr ukoxH lm sl qa X T s qa s rDfH 4kpgi Cgu dr ukoxH hHd Bkd l rDfH ]g krgkp kugd slikv Te qa s s wa 4Cgu BkuOfd e sukg u'n d ukoxH jGf lc 2; X s Z s s kt kg lkoæof jkv klkjH kdDi ji lm ]g kgj kg kt kgt df s;kt kv ry s , s , s s a kg hlß j,kv 2n kIef kd ujkpof7upkl 2n jd I‘u skd kHrfi7dr hd Rpf s s s s s s z Z jkv s;kt sy e 'u kd Rpf kt ]g k;df xk;im kd kthp cl um u krDH , X s s s , s X s X 2g krdl kg dnke rgc hH go 2su krDH ]g k;df xk;im kd /xql , s q X , s a 2g krdl kg dnke rgc hH ;nkl 2g k;df xk;im kd Z;nkl u krDH , s q Z T , s T s X 4g krdl kt k;df kni k'u ji ukd sl rk? , , kv jrjuf d k;ufo÷ 2g Iduf d ckj' rgc rhxl 2g dnke rgc rhxal d a s X , s q a , q fXk;D ]kd rhxl g k;df xk;im kLc u krDH 4g k;x k;df xk;im kd rhxal a , s \ s X , s 2g krkt kg rk' cl jkv g rxy uL\i , s a , T s s h;k[nf uil jkv 2g krkt kg Wq' pku jkv ]g rxy udLG ji cr jkv k s , , s , T s s \ , ,
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4In Iku ]lnf Iku3g krdl , , kt kgd hg kurb 4g Cgu hH go ]g Cgu hH g;3g krdl kt kgd hg kurb , , , 4g rfu7rfu go 4g oIfsxuf ] de®k/"uf knl go ]g k;x kgd hH kt Xe / , s s , s , s a a s cl d ke®keji Syflb 4g Cgu jrhH d kjkohn hd j? ]g krdl gd hg ku , s X wa rb e 4;kt skg L[ jgkc3Gjr hd jkohn jgkc d j? X;kt ikv 4g hH jgk T X s \ s , c d kjkohn hd j? jkeg kt ]g Nd n;k' df g krdl yp kri hg kurb s X s s , q , ]kg 4kxsyp Cgu kri Nd l ugd l hldf 4kxyp Cgu kri Nd l ugd jse a q s s s s q s s s 4Cgu ;k im Bkd jkv kolf d uukt lb `g k;D go ]g krkt gj "' kt cr jkv 4 s , s s s , , s s , k;x cl df k;x ue 4g krkt IN hH r<fx hg rIN l ue udfy 4kryp C , w s w s s gu kri kd ;®l dr kgo ]g r<fx dr kgt 4g hrkt IN hH k"kH hg srIN a , a , w w d ue udfy 4kryp Cgu kri kd ;®l dr kgo ]g k"kH dr kgt Syflb s s a , a 4g Cgu kr;üke ;®l ]g kr;üke k"kH , , 4,g hr kt kg jxjkd k"kH g; Syf d ln eg 4sxgd Fkg kdlb eg df g rkt skg s s X s T s jk;r henkv ln eg 4gd go ]htje kt hdikv `g ukd e df Cgu krgd , X s wa , T hHd Fkg 4hrkv Cgu I>a> Bkd elb 4n kxy go ]gkp kt ikv 4g y[ kd s X X X s , s ikv cl hdkc 4g go ]g kt g; `g k;D hg Fkg g; df g Cgu hr¬njct B , , s , X , kd 4Tg y[ ;k"kH cl 4g y[ kjktg 4g y[ kuiv7kuiv Syf d Fkg elt s s X T s X , s s X f 4g ;k"kH kjktg Bkd e k;ufn kr ruke Cgu hH g; eg df gd go jkv T X X s X q s s s , 4kxLi kuuke Lg kr g ruke Lg eg df g krgd go `g hjWt kuuke s \ T s T s T , , lm Fkg df hrdl >el Cgu lm rdkr Bkd hd k;ufn kr `uke k;D slb s s s q s X X Fkg eg df gd lm henkv dS jxv 4g Fkg g; df g rgd eg 4rdl jd s s , T s s Cgu htkj kdlm eg kr n jd jkdub hH henkv dS jxv 4g kgj yp y[ s s s , s ]g k[j uke ueg 4g y[ hg ydycf tso≈Ty 4g y[ kvg kuke kjkeg k"kH , s , s q , s q 4g kgj yp klo ]g k;yf uke , , , s ueg 4g y[ kd kvk;“l 4g y[ kvg kuke kjkeg 4g kr;üke ydycf r<fx , s X a , s q , q 4Cgu kun7kuy Nd l ;®l kdub 4g rkc hd kr;üke cl g; 2s;kt hy uke s s q s , k;“l hd uhr jxv ]sxkg ln `sxkg urdf kn jkv kn 2lBr ]lBkc ]lhdDb a X X s s , s s ]lhc kxs;kv nkc d gjr 2gjr ]gjkc ]gjk;≈ ]ln 6kxs;kv nkc d uhr 4uhr s s s s ]kn ]dS 4kgj u hg dv kr kd jkp dfk;D `xkg ld jkp kn jkv kn kr s a s X s X s , s , s s s ;kt hy uke k;“l hd uhr jxv 2g hGkd uhr ]kn ]dS kF krgd uhI¬abkv a T s 2g rkg jkp kn jkv kn sl gto hd uuc k;“l hd ln T s s s , s s a 2h;x uc k;“l hd ln llm udfy Bkd kukg k;yfxm ln 4g hrkg k;yfxam a s s s s a a T s a
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044 fo 773 egaP

4Xn kjxf kd kjk'b cl ]n kjxf kd krdal cl s X X s X s `g kr¬kj k;D jGf udfy 4krjd Cgu ekd , s rdl Bkd 4krjd Cgu ekd kjk'b Bkd Syflb 4kxsLi kukg 9Cgu hH Cgd8 s a s s \ s s , lm]g kukg 9gxt cl8 ltf 4kxLi kukg 9j;gø ku8 lm ]g kukg 9j;gø hjo s s s \ s s s s , s s S8 ltf ]g kukg gxt cl ltf `kxkg ld 9gxt cl8 kr 9g kgo8 ]kgd ue s , s s s s , s , a s g jxv 4krdl kg Cgu 9j;gø hjoS8 go jGf kr ]9j;gø el8 ]kgd ueg j s s s s s xv 4kxs;kt kg LcL\x kr xjd kjk'b 4Syf dlm rdl jd Cgu kjk'b Cgd s \ s s X s s eg df g g; cyre kd kgj g; 4kgj g; df jd/kc hØe ]g krdl kg kj , a q , s k'b e /cl dlm 4jdkrc hyxm krdl kg Cgu kjk'b e /acl d ke®keji X a a s a s X a s `k;D go ]k;x gj jgkc d jk'b skt hdkc jGf udfy ]kg s s s j go ]g rdl gd 4kgj go df g rdl jd kjk'b e /cl d thp refhl T s T s X a a s hldf eg `g ukd go jGf ]g kt jgkc d jk'b dfk;D ]g krn jd refhl , , , s s s X , s knl kjk'b kr ]kgj go ]gd e jxv 4g yH hLc e jk'b 4gd rkc erfv s wa T , w \ X s wa a 4g L\cLx hLc e jk'b dfk;D ]kgj go df krdl kt k; , \ \ X s X df Cgu kjk'b Bkd Syf dltf 4g Cgu kyko ukrc r√e Bkd Syf dltf 4g s s , s w s s , Cgu kyko ukrc _pf Bkd Syf dltf 4g Cgu kyko ukrc nç' Bkd Syf d s s s , s s s ltf3sxukt ikv ltf kr X;kt kg jgkc jxv 4Cgu <je¬ ]Cgu yk;[ ]Cgu k X s s s ri kdikv udfsy 4hg g 4g rdl kg 4sx;kt kg jgkc d ky[ jkl ikv jxv s T T s s X s s X s s `g k;D y[ kd ed g; df sxjd jkpof e jkc d ri hjlhr lm eg yd , s Z X X s s Z 4kd ri hd ed d ue g y[ ed jkv Z Z s , s Z , 4kd jkpof g y[ ukK jkv , s , 4kd okH g y[ rDfH , s 4g T y[ cl ; jkv 4rdl pgi Cgu lki d ;®l 4x;kt gj sL[ jrhH sd kjkoh s s , s qa s s X \ X n hd ukK ]rDfH ]kti ]rLfi* ikv kr `Wd jkdb ld kd rLfi ]kd kti w a s a a s , s a s w `Wd jkdb ld kd ed `Wd jkdb ld kd ukK `aWd jkdb ld kd rDfH a a s , s Z a a s , s a s , s `Wd jkdb ld ]kgd uikv jkv g jkted e ujd jkdb ikv jxv udfy a a s , s , T s X s a s 49g kt8 ]g krkt kg /çyim lm Arrv ]g krki jd jkdb kdcl henkv kt , s , s s a , a s s 4g tk[ hd /"uf tk[ hjkl hd ke®keji , s s s 4g tk[ hd /s"uf tk[ hjkl hd ;®l Syflb , s s 4s;kt yef kr X;kt yp jgkc s s d kjkohn cl ikv jkv 4g jgkc d jkohn 4g Cgu e jkohn 4kxLi kukt gj s X , , s , X s \ iqp >e kr `g e jkohn ldf jGf kr ]sxXNi ikv 2g Cgu hH e jkohn lb s q s , X s w , X 4g Cgu hH e jkohn lb3g Cgu hH e jkohn hd ukde lb d , X , X f g krdl kt kgd hg kurb 4krdl kt kgd Cgu go `g k;D ]xNi ikv kr , , s X w s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 873 egaP

nf hHd kdikv jxkl 4jgy Glf g hrLi h;k[nf ]krLi Cgu h;k[nf jxkl s X Z T \ \ 4g kgj L\i h;k[nf jxkl df g rgd ikv kr g rkt ikv ct lki d jxkl , T s s T s s 4krdl Cgu hH Li h;k[nf 9kukg8 2g krLi h;k[nf hg kujd kdlm \ s , \ ]krLi Cgu h;k[nf 9kukg8 kdlm kr g r[n kd rDf;ø hldf eg ct udfy \ s s T s s s s 4g jxkl kd ukg ji –Xd d r , s s s Df;ø d;®i jkv 4g ykt kd ed ]ji ljGedl ]ji /fjfi hd rDf;ø d;®zi s z , , Z X Z s 4g ji /fjfi jiM ykt kd kjgy ]ykt kd ed 4g e jgx 9kukg8 , X Z , X s s 4g 9kukg8 kd jxkl phu d kjgy hd jxkl 4g hiîp h , s s s X , q jgx 4Cgu ypyg Bkd ]Cgu jgy Bkd kr ;kt phu jkv 4g kIkUl ydycf s s s X s , , q s kr X;kt sphu jkv 4g kIkUl kr jrm phu udfy ]g rjed kLc ji grl j , , s X s s , Z \ xkl 4g ykt kd ed g; ]g ykt kvg kyG kt kd kjgy ub 4g hrjxf ]g h , Z , q , s X T T rOm jgy 4g ypyg rgc ji grl 4g jgy rgc ji jxkl dS ]>el klß X , q T X q X 4g /cl Fkl d rxt kjkeg ed , a a s Z 4g ke®kv o®r¬fv , 4g –d go ]g kt o®r¬fv 4g /fjfi go ]g kt ed , X , s , , s Z 4g Cgu h , jWt kujd sygi d 9sukg8 je udfsy 4g hjWt 9kukg8 kje ygi d ujd 4kr s s s s , s s s s s yduf Cgu 9kukg8 l kujd 4g kryduf l 9ukg8 ]kujd cl df g d;æokv s s , s s s , kusy y e yk;[ hH g; jkv 4g hjWt 9kukg8 ygi d ujd ]gj uk;÷ udfy s X , , s s s s s s 4g krjd Nd l kgt ]g rxt kje go dS jkv 4g e kr dS wa q s a , s , wa T s 4kd ed ]kd ujd ]kd xbwL3g ek;kv kjln jkv 4kd ke®kv ]kd ukg ]kd Z s a , w , s s xbhc3g ek;kv dS 4g krdl kt kIkc e kek;kv kn kd o®rDf;ø d ;‘ue a , , a X X s s s q 4g hH d , ofkHko¬ rgc kuLt kd rfkH lb jkv 4g hLq\t Fkl d ed rfkH hLc sl hLc q q\ az , , s Z az \ \ 4g hujd rkc hLkF tkv ji xk; d ed , s\ s s Z ]ue®kv ;if jse z s 4jd jkdho¬ ek<i je 4g krjd ek<i kd ke®keji Oc jrhH X z s s wa z s s , dcl e rv jkv 4g rhg1xquv llm ]Cul l ei jkv rfk' hurb rkc hjse s X a , wa s q s zs , a X 4g Cgu , xke Bkd rDjfrfv d sukg jgkc d xke 4g krkt pgi 9kgo8 go ]g krkt Z s s s s Z , qa a , kg kL[ jgkc d kxke r¬el henkv kt jkv 4g Cgu hg xke 4g Cgu hH go s \ s ˜ s , , Z , 4kx;kt kg xke kFkp go kr n krc Zxke kuiv e dfk;D ]Ni re xke kjse s s Z , s wa T X X w Z 4g Cgu hg xke ]g kgj gd g; Te , Z wa `g k;D xke kdikv kr ]Cgu xke hH Ze , Z s Z d 4Cgu Zxke hH rDfH ]Cgu Zxke hH ukK ]g rgd ikv 4g kNi u _ef dS T s , w s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 973 egaP

4g hrkt kg rfkH Syflb ]g krLi ed h;k[nf udfy 4xkvkt kg , s az , \ Z s s s s Cgu lß kr xkjd u klß udfsy 4g krdl kg 9ed klß8 kr xkvkt kg 9slß8 s s s s , s Z s s s s 4rkc g; g ryx 4xkvkt kg sl , s s s ß kr sxkjd klß 2kjd klß3kjd g krgd xk;Zed 4Cgu ji xbhc ]Cgu ji s s s s , s a 9sukg8 ]g ji 9ed8 jkt kd xk;ed udfy 4ji xbhc ]g ji 9ukg8 jkt kjse s , Z s s Z s a , s s s 4krkt ync Cgu 9kukg8 klo kr g krync ed l jgkc udfy 4kxs;kt kg ed klo s , s , Z s s s Z , ]kxkg 9kukg8 kl,t 4kxs;kt ync ed kr g 9kukg8 jrhH jxv 4g gjr hd g s s Z s , s , wa x go ]g kt 9kukg8 kd ;‘ue jkv 4g gjr hd lH go ]g kt ed kd ;‘ue s , s s q , , s w , s Z q 4kx;kt kg I‘u hH klH ]Cgu hg kxs;kv gx kr n kc klH udfy s s w wa s s X s w s 4kx;kt kv ikv uiv 4kx;kt kv klH ]Xn kc gx 4kxkg Cgu kni gx kr Xn k s s s w s wa s s , wa s s s c klH ikv udfsy 4g krkg kni klH Fkl d gx 4g kl¬gf kvg kiNf kd jr w , s , w s wa s , q hH3g ye gsx 4g yk[ kd jgkc ]g /fjfi ]g Cgu ye klH 4g krkv hH kl , w wa , s , , w w , H Fkl d gsx jkv g hrkv ylG hd gsx jGf 4g rn kc kd gx eg df slt w s wa , , wa T s s s s wa s , 4g krdl kt k;ki kd <kx kjk} d , s , s ye 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu kd ye kjk} d <kx df g rkc hd e;uf Lc g; w s w s , , s \ dfk;D 4hxs;kt kg yH rgc kr X;ki ukpgi u eg jxv lb ]g ye ukd e X s w q s s , w , X k'nf kukn ub 4hd 9ujd8 jkv 6hd o®r¬fv ]hd 9ukg8 g ;k'nf hjkeg kn ; X s s , s s T X s s 4Pw\x3g kiN sNhi knl go ]uLgf hn ]e jgx g N , q s X s , s hi knl ]g kiNf knl kt ]kxdl Li Cgu h;k[nf hH kd hldf ]kxdl kg Cg , s s \ s s s u rkK kd hldf kt ]hd 9ukg8 dS jkv 4kxdl kg rkK ]kxdl Li h;k[nf s s s s , s s s \ kd kjln kt3hd kjgy ]hd ;æn ]hd 9sujd8 dS g Sk'nf kn s; jrhH jkeg s X w s X 1 T a s s 4g rkKv 9kukg8 ]g rkK , s , kujd 4g ;ænv 9kukg8 ]g ;æn kujd 4g kiNf 9kukg8 4g krLi h;k[nf ku , 1 s , 1 , s , \ jd 2g krLi h;k[nf hgo ]g krjd kt e 2g krLi h;k[nf hgo ]g rjd kt , \ wa s T , \ T s s ikv 4rLi Cgu h;k[nf >e go ]g kt ikv 4krLi Cgu h;k[nf kdikv go s \ s q T s \ s ]g e kt hH jGf udfsy 4g hjWt kusy >el sygi lcl kd nH hnk;ufc lb wa T s , s s s q 4g krkt k[ Cgu e h wa s T H kr ;kt k[ ed cl je udfy 4sx;kt k[ ed cl je kr g Cgu Te jxv s X s Z s s s X s Z s s s wa 4g hrdl kg d ed kucf ke®kv udfy 4d ke®kv kucf krdl kg Cgu ed , s s Z s s s Z 4g krdl kg d jgy kucf j , s s xkl 4kucf d jxkl hrdl kg Cgu jgy Syflb 4g Rfi®m7im jgy ]g IDL s s , , sz ki7bkc jgy ]g jxkl ye Syflb 4kx;kt Cgu je d jgy kucf jxkl 4g k , w s s , rdl kg d jgy kucf jxkl udfy 4hx;kt je jgy kr gkp kukpc xyv sl s s s s s X jxkl kd jgy eg jxv 4hrdl kg Cgu e o®r¬fv kucf d jxkl jgy Bkd s s X s s dfk;D ]g Cgu jxkl jgy 4hxkg hLi h;k[nf hg jgy 4kxkg kLi Cgu h;k[ X T X X \ X s \
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 083 egaP

4g krtk[ l jkN ryx 4g krtk[ ]g lkKtf henkv go , s s s , s , q 2Wd hg klo hH e `g k;D rk[ ikv `g a , T T s T cd rOm ikv 4X;krc l dhO >e 4g rjd dkte ikv ]Cgu ]xy ugd go s s s q T s s s 2kx;kt kg ukldu rgc7kLkF kd jnkp 4kxkg Cgu s s q q s\ s s Hky hH Nd `kxkg Hky Nd kr way ugi jnkp hlt ikv hH e jxv ]kgd q s q s , T s ulm jkv k;kv uyef l>e jIDyd kd okx 4kF kjgO e okx dS hHv Te , s s q s a X a `jd k;D e X g ]g rNi so 2;kt kg k;D eg df rNi Cgu hH hHd `jd k;D eg ]g srg T s w X s s w X T d o ]g rkv lki je xky 4g rkg kni llb ok>ym Lc l Lc 4s;kt kg u s T s s s s T s s , s s \ s s \ s klkv kujd rfx e k'nf hd ;®l hg kurm ]y >el l dhO eg kurtf slb X X s 4hrdl uc Cgu kr"knuf hd jrhH kru≈u ∆ hd jgkc udfy 4hdl uc kru≈u hd jgkc kr"knuf hd jrhH 4dl skg u≈u s ∆ s o jgkc Syflb ]g k;x kg eüt kd sukg "knuf dS jrhH dfk;D 4g ygi g s , s s ∆ X , s o ]g d/kl "knuf dS3llkub dS kt e ukg dum g hrLi h;k[nf kryZe , ∆ X s s X s s s , \ uf kt e o®r¬fv d jhokge ]g hrLi h;k[nf rfk' kt e k[kv hd jhokge s X s , \ a s X X a 4g gsx jrhH ]g klH jgkc 4rdl kt Cgu Gjr hd jrhH l jgkc ]g , wa , w s s , s rdl kv Gjr hd jgkc l jrhH 2yp jrhH jkv kLdi l jgkc ueg 4g s s , \ s s , kyG jgkc jGf cr ]g kvg kjH jrhH Nd ygi3jrhH d jhokge 4k[sn kI , , q q s s ym ueg kd kuI? 4Li yp Iym eg dfk;D ]kvg kni jrhH d jhokge kt s s s \ s X q , s s ]kxkg Cgu kn,i go jrhH hH kr 4;kt gj u hed hH jH pb ]kji 4y jd s s s a w X kurm ]F rjd kurtf jhokge dhO 4kji y jd cl eg g; 4yp u slß ]y s s w X X X p lß 4;k[ u g; ]X;k[ g; 4u≈u ;kt kg 2e rge‰zc xy uOm hH eg kr s X X s X Z w q X s s 2kx;kt I? hH jrhH jkeg go ]g kI? s s , jrhH d henkv lb kt kr y jd hji hH eg /fjfi g; df kgd ueg 4k; s s s X w s yf pkt kji kd /fjfi ueg 4k[n ueg cl g; `g rykc Cgu ld `g ry a w s s s s T s s s , T s kc ld 4g ed ; `g rOm ld `g ryp ld `g rk[ Cgu cd `g rk[ s s , T Z s T s s , T s s , T s T s s , T s ld ]g rk[ cd `g rhi k;D]g rk[ k;D df k[n 4g ed g;3g rhi k;D T s T s s , Z T s ]g rk[ k;D jhokge 4kd ed ueg k;yf Ldi 4yp Gjr hd gx l lH eg T s s Z s \ s wa s s s w 2kx;kt yef hH >e go ]kF kyef kd jhokge kt kr aM s s q s s s kt kg u≈u hH e jxv df g krdl kg yk;[ hH e ue jkeg 2;x skg u≈u s T , s X s s jhokge df ed g; kxLi h;k[nf jkv 4kxLi h;k[nf cl go 4Bkjgx e k[k Z s \ , s \ X X a v hdum jkv ;kog Bg hrgc hd ;¬gj Gjr kjkp dum jkv nukv kd jhok , X q X s , a ge jkv rfk' hd jhokge hxL\i h;k[nf jGf jkv 4kxLi h;k[nf eg klß ]; , a s , s \ X s x kg u≈u jhokge 4g ed dS kukt kg u≈u 4g ed dS kuugi _¬o 4g ed s , Z s , Z , Z 2;x kg u≈u jhokge df kxLi h;k[nf kr yduf l phc jkeg jhokge Bkd s s s \ s X s s s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 183 egaP

4g srk T t ryG Gjr hd jgkc jkv g rkt rIG o ]g rk_¬ d rDf' l jrhH 4g s , , T s s w s T s s s , okyG Gjr hd jgkc l jrhH 2kLc jkv yd 3kLc jkv yd ]g kLc kurb , s \ , \ , , \ tkv 4k;x kryG ]k;x kryG 4kxkg kgj thc kl7kIkN dS rxt kLc kurb , , s s \ ]kjkl g; hHd 4kxkg kvg klß hg rpæfuf ]Cgu Z;pækv 2g krkg thc kl7kj s q , s t dS kd {o Lc dS thc kl7kIkN dS jkv ]g krkg <v dS e Ii d ke 1 s \ s , , s q X s s a kpπc kl7kIkN dS lt rxt kjkl hHd df g krdl kt k>el kd rkc lb s s , , s 2kx;kt kyp hg s kryG ]Cgu kxdQ Cgd kt 2g Cgu rv Bkd kd okyG dltf 2g kgj kt kr , s s , a s , s , yG kt ]g kgj kg <hr¬of kt ]g krkg cyre kd ‰c 2g kgj kt hg kryG , s , s Z s , s z , , ]g kgj yG ]g kgj yG kt ]xLVilDS hn ,g krkg cyre kd ‰c df kxskg , , , , s T s z kuy jd jkdho¬ Syflb kdlb 4kxkg kuy jd jkdho¬ kd nç' lb kd ukK s s s s s s of ]yd Cgu tkv jkv 4g nç' hrehd rgc ‰c 4‰c g nç' dS lki jkeg , , q z z , s 2g okyG uhgrv jkv 2kxkg kLc jkv yd ]g kL\c rxt tkv 4F chjd7chj , , a , s \ , , s d jkr 4kF kIkN rxt ygi "o Lkjd kn l tkv 4g xLVilDS ]g kt rxt s s s Z s\ s s , T , s 2g gj kt T s s rIg l –d ]g rkt ryG Gjr hd /fjfi3g gj kt xkH jn jkr l jkr©j s X T s s , T s s w s s hd yhe kLkjd yirfi jkv 2g kgj yG rxt 4kg kgj kt kryG ]kg kgj X s\ z , , , s , s kt kryG 2skg krkt krkg kLc kjkcçqx jkv kg kgj jH kog e jkcçx Bkd hd , s \ , s X s q s s , , lt ]g kgj yG rxt 4hn jd hukjg hLc su oHuv eruhou udfsy 4g kv , , \ q , g kjgO 4g hgo 4g hg klo ]g klt rxt ]F rpkl eg ygi 2louf; xLVTi q , , , , , s s s s Z w lDS g go 4g Z<io®ge hLc go ]g hd tk[ eruhou dS u kdufkKo hHv , , w \ , s s X , 4g kgj yG Gjr hd jgkc l jrhH cl 2g krkt kg rZe , , s , s fuf rDf;ø dS jkv g kryG3g kryG g kryG <v go jGf 4krdl kt Cg , , , , , , , q u k[sn l [kv ltf ]g krkv <v kl7kIkN dS e Ii d ke 4g krkt kyp s a s , q s X s s a , kryG ]g kryG3g kryG Gjr hd jgkc l jrhH thc kl7kIkN dS 4g krk , , , , , s s , t kyp krkg {o kLc 4g krkg rjfdv go jGf ]g rkc eg thc kl7kIkN d s 1 \ , s q a T s s s S 4g rkt syp ryG l jrhH jrjuf eg 4g kvg kryG l jrhH o®rDf;ø T s s , s a , q , s kjkl kjkeg 4g kukg kjkl hg l kgo ]g rfx hjkl hg l kgo 4g xjr¬uf ]Cg , s s a , s a , a u hg xjr kgt ]g jxkl jrhH jkv 4hd jgkc3g xjr o ]g krLi h;k[nf a a , , T X a s , \ kt df ;kt kv e >el hjkeg g; jxv df g krgkp kugd kdikv e udfy s s X wa s T s `ld yp sl s , X kgo ]krLi h;k[nf Cgu kt 4g hrkv e yk;[ rkc hd uyp l hlm ]g kr a \ s , X s s , Li h;k[nf kt 2Bkd k;D hH jd 4krLi Cgu h;k[nf kukg ]g krLi h;k[nf \ s s s \ s , \ ed df g dofkHko¬ Syflb g; 4yH g; g hg dofkHko¬ jkv 4g Cgu jkoj Z , w , , , w ld henkv hgo 4g hgj tk[ l jkN ryx rfkt7;‘ue l ykl kjktg udfy , s s s q s X s
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m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

044 fo 283 egaP

sd <‘Î udfsy 4hykL jd klgV hurb ukgüm dfk;D ]kxskg Cgu kjkdIN kdum s X X q s Z l du e i¥d lb 4e du k;nf ykL kd <‘Î u yko uuke kd jhokge kr X X Z s s s s s s `kx;kt jdxkH kgd ] s a kgd u <‘Î udfy 2hF hji hjk;r hd suxkH 2hF h;x kg kni rfF¬f hd uskg s s w , s , s 4krkt kg hlk;ül jkv krkt xkH jxv utv ]krkt hH pc n;k' rjkHkge s a , qZ 2kIkd s ]g gj gd go 4g gj gd rkc Hq'v hLc kr <‘Î dfXk;D ]l gto hd I> T s T s \ s s > hd Hq'v7H' hlb ]g k[j ykL e du kd <‘Î u kyko uuke d jhokge a q , X Z s s X s s 2g H' go ]g rgd <‘Î df 2g H' go ]g rgd jhokge `H' g k;D , q T s , q T s q , 2kxs;kt kg iki k s F;üv ];kt kg u klgV ]s;kt cn u hICp ]ku[j ji jddG ]g rgd jhokge s s , wa T s 4g jev ke®kv 4Cgu hg krje , Bkd 4g krje Bkd df n LkN eH r ]Ikd r 4Nd g Cgu hg krId sl _¬' s , s s s\ z w w q , 4g Cgu hg krId Nd 4kyp jkoyr r 4g jev ke®kv 4Cgu hg krje Bkd , q w , s hHd dfk;D 4jd re krpV Bkd 4jke l h∂Gfc 4jke ]g srgd l utv <‘Î X s s s T s qZ `H' g k;D 2Cgu kyko uj q , s e Bkd hH kr hH kxjke r 2Cgu hg krje Bkd dfk;D ]jke l h∂Gfc ]g sr s s s w s X s s T gd l uqZtv <‘Î 2kxs;kt kg Hq'v rgc kr h;x je hICp 2s;kt je u hICp s s q s df g rgd jhokge `gd dhO kd thp ldf `g k;D H'3kuukt g oHalv T s X s , q , `H'v g k;D jkv H' g k;D q , , q , df krdl Cgu hg ukt g; go dr cr ]kukt Cgu kd a;o¬ u hldf dr ct s