m o c. dl r o w o h s o.

w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 1 egaP

fial ]u/ ,g krskg Nqd rqgc lki sdutf j,kv 4Tg srskg ZFel Xe su[sn skd nq[ skt ,g xsky ed rqgc Xe k;ufqn j,kv 4sxskdl [sn skd nq[ eqr Xelb 4hrskg Cgu lki sd Xkvktkj skt hL\i ewyk e thp uOfd slcl s>qe g;3kgd su jhdG lm ]skg Skv sy <Zin g; `k;D kgd sulm k[sn jd Iyi7Iym slm su ktkj 4k;nf <Zin go skd ktkj lm sulm j,kv ]kd sl,i jkp kF <Zin kl kIskN dS ]kF kuBkv kl kIskN dS 4hF thp hl <jk/kl hL\c ]kykduf wa; sl Xe sysk> suiv sulm 4kF k;kv sy thp hOwuv hL\c j,kv hl hr¬l hL\c dS go 4kxskg k;ky k;D sulm df srdl pskl Cgu hH ikv ]kykduf skt su jhdG lm `Syf sjse Tg Skv sy k;D s>qe skvk [nf 4Xykduf df kgd jGf sl jhdG lm sulm ]Sx IwN sNhi ct xsky sjkl 4k;x sy Xe Xkyg e suiv slm ktkj go sl k{akdkv j,kv krdql®m hL\c 4kF krdl skg k;D Xe sysk> sl sIG lm 4sxXkg sl sygi lki sjkgéqr df kvqg kn ,i yk;[ s>qe kdutf 4wag k;kv Ls\kN skd Xkthp hjkl um Te df3kgd hg nq[ su jhdG dfk;D X ]skg u lki sd ktkj skt hF hrdl skg thp hl u,kd hlsS 4kF krdl skg k;D Xelm 4kF kdI y ji s/ad sdlm skt ]kF kysk> kl kIskN dS ]kF krL\i u hH Bk[nf Nqd lki sd jhdG l m 4kxwan Xgéqr Te skd thp lm Xe rakdS j,kv Xe sysdv udfsy 4wag k;kv sy Te jWt thp dS jdpskl rqgc ]skg sdqp uc u dyfke eqr sdltf 4skg hdqp pqagi u Xe Xkyge sjkgéqr skt hL\i ewyke u hlsS thp Bskd s>qe j,kv ]k;x dF Xe j[fkv 4wayp sy Te skt hxskg hed hd thp h l u,kd lki sjkgéqr 4Bx kv knial hd k;ufqn hjkl Xe Xkyge sjkgéqr 4,g Syf rht 'sn sd jwn 7jwn sueqr 4,g hed hd thp hl u,kd lki sjkgéqr 4hxskg nwt,ke hg sl sygi lki sjkgéqr skr g ; 4k;kv yk;[ s>qe rDo srky thp jg udfsy 4wayp sy Te skd Xkthp um df kpskl suTe j,kv 4,g h[sn Xthp hl rqgc Xe k;ufqn suTe j,kv 4Syf sjse Sky k;D df ]sxskgd eqr hg jWt j,kv 4h xSkt hNwi rkc g; jdI,ky j? jWt df kF kpskl g; hH suTe3kyskc jhdG go 4skg Sky I XH k;D Syf sjse df wag kgj jd k{hrzi Te df kgd su ktkj lm lm 4skg hpqagi u h<ko hdl m j,kv <jp sdlm akgt 4kF u kuskd Bskd kd k;ufqn j,kv kF k;nf ukeél slm su Xkxsky XkLs\k jd7XkLs\kjd 4kF kI,ky sdjd rt√v r√hd j,kv '; Xe k;ufqn hjkl hH jhdG _ef kdlm j,kv 4h F h y kP\c rqgc aSkehl hd ; kj suiv sulm 4kF k;x skg Ikzel kL\c ktkj ]sF sP\i Xe ywd¬ hg d S so 4sF _ef sd uipc ktkj go j,kv jhdG go ]skg Sky k;D Syf sjse 4wag kgj jd k{hr zi hjkgéqr sl k'kv hL\c Te skr 4skg kd ekd sjse skt skg ktsk[ sulm Nqd Xe k;ufqn hjkl n;k ' 4Sky hH IXH Nqd Syf sjse n;k' skr ]kxsI,ky jdew? sl k;ufqn hjkl ct ;≈kH kd 'sn sj se j,kv _ef kjse df 4,g kOm yk;[ g; Xe ue sjse jkc dsuv 4wag kgj [sn gkj hjkgéqr Sd f k{hrzi dS hH Te j,kv 4kpqagi dr Xkxsky go 4kF k;df rhgzxal Xe ˜k"o Xkjktg skt sueg Fk l sd Xknç' sjkgéqr 4Bx r√hd hjkeg Fkl sd r√hd hjkgéqr 4k;kpqagi Xe k;ufqn hjkl skd /axql hjse sueqr j,kv 4Sqg kn,i phc sjkeg eqr df ;≈kH kjkeg ],g ;ü/ df kgd sllm j,kv 4SqN <jp sdlm su ktkj sd 'sn lm 4kvqg rxko¬ kL\c kdlm ji sukv Xe huk/tkj sd 'sn suiv 4kF kdqp skg kPw\c skr k;kv lifko ct ]kF ukot skr ]kF kyduf ji k_k; ct 4kI,ky lifko 'sn suiv sdjd <e zH kd rxt sjkl jGf j,kv 4kew? j,kv kdIH go Xe Xk'sn sd jwn7jwn ]Xe Xk;ufk/tkj j,kv oakx ]Xe Xkukr¬xfsj j,kv XkL\kgi ]Cew? uhet hjkl sulm 4kyduf Syf sd ke∂jfi hd hoƒ1i hjkl jhdG koq; dS 4kxaWd Hajkzi Te kd Xkvkpp hd Xkunf uhr syko suskg sl hukgd hl hIskN dS Z .ue®kv ;zif sjse
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 2 egaP

Xe jnfae ]Xknt¬fe 4Sx skg sL\[ rfakH hd ue4/3qn nt¬fe j,kv jnfae ],g kLs\kr d¥fc 4,g Cg u kLs\kt sl ke®keji skd ;‘que su Xkjnfae sd XkI2/1b j,kv jF®i 4,g jrhH sd ;‘que skt ,g dS skr jnfae dfXk;D 4kxSkv kd ekd jnfae Bskd u j,kv nt¬fe Bskd u j,kv ],g ;yko'f Bskd u ]Skyt s;hn eg jdkt Xe Xk;yko'f Cgüdf j,kv 4XP\i aSkuZFkzi Xe Xknt¬fe Cgüdf j,kv Xjd ktwi hd Xkjnfae Cgüdf eg sgkp kucf stsk[ Xe a;o¬ j,kv 4,g ukoxH df skt ]kF nwt,ke hH g o Xe a;o¬ 4,g ;®l skt kF kiNf hH go Xe a;o¬ 4,g knq[ skt kF kiNf hH go hg Xe nq[ lm df sxaSki ukt hH g; eg Xe su[sn sd nq[ lm j,kv sxaSki hg [sn skr skd nq[ eg skr Skt yef <Zin jxv jrhH j,kv 4,g krskg jskted rqgc suekl sd <jdf lm hH ukKv kd jH k;ufqn lb skr 4Skt IwG hH <jdf dS hd ukK jxv jrhH ]skg ukKv hg kurdf sgkp Xe rxt sd jgkc j,kv 4sxXdl skg jki skd sr¬kj lm eg j,kv ]kxsOm skg r'fkdzi kr¬kj kjs/av 4kxSkt skg 'kdzi akgo sxX[j end eg hH akgt skr 4skg jrhH k;hn kl kIskN dS ],g Cgu jL Bskd 4kd jkd/av lm ,g Cgu kjr[ Bskd kd sr¬kj g o hH skr ]skg sjH sl rkj hd lokev 4skg sjH sl jkd/av sr¬kj j,kv ]Skt yt k;hn jrhH jxv udfsy 4kxskg k;D sl hu'skj lm ]skg hu'skj hg hurdf ji Xkr¬kj ]skg nac j,kv ]skg hIwG X[akv huiv hdltf `,g utsk;zi k;D kdlm skr skg kgj yt hH tjwl jgkc sd j? sdlm sk g k>qc k;hn kd jrhH sdltf 4,g krdl skg ZFv k;D kd ukK sd jgkc sdlm ]skg ukKv jr hH sdltf dfXk;D 4,g Cgu ;¥we Bskd knk; sl hL,\kd skn kd suukt sdlm ]Xy ukt hH Nqd sg kp go 4krskg Cgu ZFel Xe suukt skd nq[ skt j,kv 4,g krsy ukt hH skd ke®keji go 4,g kr kt skg ZFel Xe suukt skd nq[ skt df ,g g; ;¬gj kd Xk;¬gj sL\c j,kv 4,g hruc ofN hd n q[ Xeltf ],g krskg /çyim <Zin go skr 4,g krkdep Bskd ct skd ue sl,t jF®i hg sd nq[ j,kv 4,g krl?f Bskd ct hg skd uoht hg sd nq[ ],g krjk[uf Bskd hg skd nq[ ct skr go 4,g Cgu ;kim Bskd kd sunhj[ sl jktkc hldf slm jdsn knial hH hurdf 4Cgu hH Xe Ls\kj d jkp ]Cgu hH Xe [ky jkp 4krdl yef Cgu hH Xe jktkc hldf Xe sl,i jkp <Zin go j,k v 4,g krdl IwI u ],g krdl IwG skr u <Zin go skr Skt uc <Zin Rpf kdikv j,kv 4kxwag d Xrkc Nqd Xe /acal lm 4sdl kt k;kuc sl,d <Zin skd Rpf sdikv Xe Xkunf uhr syko sukv 4Tg srdl skg ZFel Xe su[sn skd su iv ikv j,kv Skt uc <Zin dS Xe Rpf sdikv slutf 4kxaWd Xrkc so Xe unf uhr df3kpsk l suTe jGf Syflb 4kF Cgu kri Bskd kdlb ]kxskg k;D kd <Zin lm skr 4aMkv hH sy <Zin go Te skr 4kvqg k;D kd ktkj lm 4kvqg k;D kd <Zin lm df ]Cgu kri hH Bskd kdlb ] kvqg k;D nkc sdlb 4,g Bx huql hukgd hg hurb 4Cgu k; k;ki skg ZFel Xe su[sn skd suiv ktkj go df 4kdl yp Cgu kri dr cv hH g; Xe rav kvqg k;D hH kd hukgd go j,kv 4Skt IwI k; spc Xe XkFkg sdikv Cgu kri 4,g thp jskted hL\c <Zin j,kv 4Skv u k; Skv Xe ekd hldf <Zin Cgu kri3kgd suTe 4Xdl ukpgi j,kv Xdl [sn Xelm skd nq[ skt ]skg < Zin lki sdutf 4Tg sgj kt srskg ed xsky so ji uhet dfXk;D 4wan jd IXH <Zin dS skdikv j,kv ]way nhj[ <Zin hH Te df kpskl 4wayp sy k;D Syf sdikv df Xe sr¬kj ]kF krpskl hH Te 4,g kvqg /çyim <Zin Xgéqr df ]ku>el hg un f lm 4skvkt skg ZFel Xe su[sn skd suiv eqr unf ltf df 4wag krkt sn Xgéqr Syf sd nk; l b <Zin g; df ]kgd su jhdG lm skr Ski [sn skd suiv eg hHd k;D udfsy ]Tg srsy [sn tskj skd suiv eg Xe <Zin 4,g krki skg ZFel u,kd Xe su[sn skd nq[ udfsy 4Tg srskg <Zin Xe j?7j? skr slsS 4ku>el re kr¬l skd <Zin lb ]skdl [sn skd suiv eqr dfkr 4wag k;kv sy <Zin g; Te jdtsk[ rqgc skr 4Tg srkt skg ZFelv hH j,kv Xe su[sn skd suiv skr so '; ]R
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 3 egaP

d k;D 4,g kO,c <kzi kd Xk<kzi skt jrhH sjkeg df ]Tg srkt ywH rkc dS udfsy 4Syf sdlm Tg srjd aSk_k; hd hg jwn 4slm Tg srkt sutsk[ Xe ˜kFhr um ji XkL\kgi 4slm Tg srtsk[ Xe Xkn t¬fe Xe Xkjnfae 4Tg sryduf Xe 'kyr hd ukoxH eg skr Tg srskg uk'sji j,kv rL\fhi eg ct 4krki skg Cgu hH Nqd hH sl Xk;kim um skr ]skg hg jgkc jxv hH ;kim so udfsy 4,g krjd ;kim go sd sujH skd oHquv lb 4,g hgj skg oHquv skd hen kv jg Xe k;ufqn hjkl ],g lsuIfiaS skt g; ],g kd suskg rDjf j,kv hyk[ ,g lklgv skt g; 4wag kgj kt kje j,kv wag kgj ht rDjf j,kv hyk[ Te ],g Cgu kuki Bskd 4,g Cgu hg /çyim hH Nqd Xe ;nÔ sjse j,kv 4Skt kIef tskj rfakH hd Xkjhdy Bqg hpC[ ji huki uoht kjse df krskg Cgu lklgv g; sltf skg Bskd hg n;k' sl Xeeg 4krjd Cgu oHquv hyk[7hyk[ sk t skg Bskd hg n;k' sl Xeeg ],g Cgu rak'v j,kv rL\fhi h[qn skt 4skg rDf;ø Bskd hg n;k' sl Xeeg ],g Xe tsk[ hdlb n;k' hg xsky sjkl sl Xeeg 4,g hrdl skg hjwi tsk[ g; skr kd j rhH ]Skt yef <Zin go 4,g kusy tsk[ jrhH j,kv ],g hujsG X[akv yosd 4kujd Cgu <e∂ kv Bskd ]kujd Cgu 0q; Bskd ]hujd Cgu k_k; Bskd 4Cgu kukt Cgd hH skd suky slm j,kv 4,g krdl rjH yosd hgo],g jrhH skt j,kv ]krki Cgu jH udfsy 4,g krsn ezH kd sujH go ],g jgkc skt ],g hg; e;uf kd uoht 4srdl skg Cgu nkoiv sdlm hH ikv ]kxskg u j,k v ,g kvqg u g; dr tkv udfsy ]kxSkt skg IXeyGfyqG sxXy jd rjfwijfi 4sxXy jH skd Xk< kzi suiv eg sdjd kØdb slm df 4kyH sgj Xe ezH eg slm ,g knial hH skt jgkc j,kv 4,g j rhH sjkeg go j,kv ,g hrdl jH skd Xk<kzi skt ,g knial hg dS dfXk;D 4hg sxaSkt hyk[ j,kv ]Tg srkt hg hyk[ hH Fkg sd cl eg 4Xn sugj sdIy syq[ jgkc sd -Fv skd XkFkg sjse Sy flb 4,g krje Fkg hyk[ hH Ikzel dS df ]Xy [sn rkc g; k;ufqn j,kv 4,g Cgu Bskd j,kv henkv –jfn knk; sl>qe df ]wag krjd oHquv Te rDo srje udfsy 4kF k;x skg ; kzekl kj se cl go ]kF rkK hH skt j,kv 4hF hy rht chjd7chjd uhet ]krht Nqd rqgc suTe 4wag k gj kt sl k;ufqn Fkg hyk[ hH Te 4sy [sn xsky dfkr ]Skt s[j jgkc sd -Fv Fkg sjse 4kF kgd sygi sd suje su jnadlf kyp kri skd Xkxsky sjh/7sjh/ 4Tg srskg jrhH sd -Fv skr Fkg 4Tg Sqg sdIy Xk;D ],g Sqg sdIv Xk;D Fkg Xkuskn jgkc sd -Fv 4,g Bx skg ywH Bskd k;D df sxy suNwi xsky 4hF hyduf Cgu hH hHd -Fv hlsS 4sF Sqg sdIy jgkc sd -F v Fkg Xkuskn sd jnadlf `,g k;D g; df hxy sukt hNwi rkc hg dS sl gqae jktg7jktg ]j i XkOXkg jktg7jktg 4hxy sutwax ji Fitkj Xe huk/tkj lm unf lm rkc hg dS ]Sx skg ukj,g xsky 4hyduf -Fv hdlm Xe huk/tkj ltf unf lm ]kje unf ltf jnadlf 4,g hyk[ sd hyk[ Fkg sdlm ]kxSki Xe j[fkv hH skr 4Xy ki hH ; kzekl kd rxt sjkl go sgkp j dLs\kN skd nq[ j,kv ]kxsdl ki k;D j,kv go 4,g kdl ki Cgu hH skd suiv ;‘que skt dfk;D X 4Xy ki skd suiv Xe <Zin lm ]Xy jd re√uf skd <Zin skdlm eg sl,d 4Skt skg rlfdof sl,d <Zin jrhH sd nq[ go j,kv Xe Xkunf uhr ub ]sxXjd Zkpp eg hd <Zin lm skr 4kxsy k i hH skd qHzi go Xe hlm 4sy jd tsk[ Skt skg /çyim Bskd jxv skd jnfae sd ue lm 4B klB u j,kv ukeylqe u ],g krskg wngV go u ],g ue skr ue dfXk;D 4,g kd u,t u j,kv ]kd BklB u j,kv ],g kd ukeylqe u j,kv ],g kd wngV u go 4,g jnfae kd ue skt go j,kv ],g k d ue skt ],g hH jnfae j,kv dS udfsy 4srdl skg Cgu knk; sl jF®i hH ukoxH Sqg sO,c Xeum 4sxXkg Sx Skuc sl XkjF®i ]sxXkg sOw> so 4skg srjd xyv sl ;‘que skd ;‘que nt¬fe j,kv jnfae skt hg rp4/3fuf 4Xn jd xyv sl sjlwn skd dS skt 4,g krdl uc kehl Bskd k;D k e®keji 4,g krdl uc jkohn 4,g Syf sd suLs\kr skd ;‘que j,kv ;‘que k;D ke®keji 4,g krd l uc krq_' phc sd hldf k;D ukoxH 4Sx skg sL\[ jdskg q_' sd sjlwn7dS xsky syko sukt
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 4 egaP

4sn Ls\kN yk;[ g; wr 4krsn sulq? Cgu hH s>qe hjnki go ]wag kgj jd ''fskd hd sulq? Xe Zpp lm nq[ Te sl ykl ln 4sn Ls\kN yk;[ g; ],g yxki kL\c wr df kgd suXkgüm j,kv Xxy sulag ukoxH skr 4wag kgj jd aSkuZFkzi hjkl Syf sd hlb wag krgkp kuki 'sozi Xelm Te ],g Zpp ],g jnfae kd oakx sjk eg skt go df3kgd suTe skr 4,g kgj kyqc s>qe wr Xk;D ,g kgj jkdqi s>qe wr Xk;D df Tg sgj sN wi sl>qe so j,kv 4Tg sL\[ ukoxH df k[sn kuil suTe skr k;x skl srjd aSkuZFkzi ct rkj dS 4skvkt re df k;nf dskj s>qe su ukoxH nq[ krjd k;D Te udfsy 4k;df rak' rfakH cl skd ue su iv suTe Syf sd sukv hlm ]hxake ak;rf,kue hurdf ewyke u sl ukoxH suTe Syf sd sukv hl m ]hd aSkuZFkzi suTe Syf sd sukv hlm j,kv 4kF krgkp kukv skr Te df kgd sulm j,kv kxy sulag skzxhu go 4Skv Cgu liko eqr df kgd j,kv kNwi skd skzxhu lm sulm skr 4Cgu hd u het lb skt ,g Igkjqd¬qe hg j,kv Bskd 4Cgu hd uhet lb skt ,g Igkjqd¬qe hg j,kv Bskd ji XkOXkg sdlm k;x skg j,kv yLaeq;ko Bskd Gjr Xkjkp sdlm ]Bx ync ykp hd Xkj,i sdlm d y> Bu Bskd ]hu'skj Bu Bskd Xe Xk[akv hdlm 4,g krL\i ewyke k;x skg kjlwn henkv skr go udfsy 4,g kgj kt kyp skzxhu go df ]k[sn su hjnki lm Xe jktkc unf dS nkc sd sukt r hc suhge uhr skn Bskd udfsy 4kxSkv hHd kjkcqn g; u j,kv rak' ue kdlb hHd kxskg u ]kpskl su hjnki lm 4k;x I,ky liko skzxhu go 4kxwan 'sozi jrhH Xgéqr Te jGf 4kukv jGf skjH sl ezsi j,kv kuZFkzi skd ;nÔ Xkjd rak' j,kv Xkjd 0q' skd ue sygi j,kv skvkt `sxskjd k;D hH jdkv 4kxsdl skg Cgu kuyef sl ukoxH dr cr ]Skt jH u sl rfsk; ke®kv ]skg u rak' <kzi ]skg u _ofi Rpf ]skg u 0q' ue dr ct udfsy 4kxwan sukv jWt 2_ef ]kgd su hjnki lm 4skn suyef ;÷Ufkl kd ukoxH skn sukv jrhH s>qe ]Xe oakx ,g jnfae hg dS g; 4wag krgkp <j' hd ukoxH 4Cgu k;ki suTe hH Nqd j,kv ,g krskg ewyke k;x rhc uoht 4wag krgkp kuskg rak' ]kjH sl XkvkrpV j,kv rL\fhi kjse ,g Rpf ]h[qn kjse ,g ue ]kgd sulm 4skg srgk p kukv Xe jnfae Syfldf 2_ef sjse ]kgd skd skzxhu lm ]–w' lm sulm 4kL\i kusn kI,ky jd k>el sl ezsi slm skd hjnki sd Zpp lm skr 4,g k;x ync kuket udfsy 4k;kv Xk;D lki7lk v sd jnfae lb wr df krsn kojH jdkoy?if k'h' Xe Xkukd sdlm k; krsn koId uZnx hdl m n;k' skr srskg unf sukjqi j,kv 4,g Cgu gxt Bskd Syf sjsr Xe jnfae sd ukoxH 4sl akg; – w' Ig krskg kgd sulm skr srskg unf sukjqi 4henkv kykd ],g kL\[ skzxhu dS k[sn skr k;nf y sk[ ktkojn 4kF Cgu kd ;‘que hH jnfae go 4,g Cgu jnfae Bskd kd ;‘que udfsy ]Tg jnfae sd Xk–w' ]Tg jnfae sd Xk<‰kzc ]Tg jnfae sd Xk0,kc ]Tg jnfae sd Xku,t ]Tg jnfae sd Xkukeylqe ],g jnfae sd XkvqngV ]Tg jnfae sd Xkxsky sd hL\ep hykd ]Tg jnfae sd Xkxsky sd hL\ep nsGl 4kxsdl skg sl,d kd ke®keji go ,g Cgu kdcl jnfae skt j,kv 4skg kdcl skt k;ki kuc Cgu jnfae klsS henkv ji uhet dr cv 4kF Zpp kd Xkxsky sd hL\ep nsGl kF skr Zpp go dfXk;D 4k rysk[ u hH jk} go skr 4,g kgj ktc jk} henkv kykd dS df krskg kri slm 'kd ]kysk[ jk} su hjnki sd Zpp 4k;kI[I[ jk} jdkt su skzxhu dS ]ji pp dS ]Xe rkj hjs/av dS Z 4skg u nwt,ke hH yqdycf go akgo Tg sgj kt sutsk[ sl m eg akgt df ,g krdl skg j,kv 4,g nwt,ke jrhH sjkeg go ]Xkg srgkp kutsk[ eg sltf ,g krdl skg 4Sgfkp husy jd tsk[ huiv slm 4,g /skc j,kv >el hLs\kF hH lki sdltf Skt Xe tsk[ j,kv hldf Bskd df sygi sdlb `sxXukpgi hH skdlm hHd k;D 4sxXtsk[ hH skdlm hH
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 5 egaP

f kF u hH yk;[ s>qe 4Tg jkd_pf slsS Xe jkcjn sjse df hF u hH kui¥d hjse ]kgd sulm j,kv 4kvqg Ulzi rqgc ktkj ]kF rqHnv rqgc 4skL\i yp ji um df sxy suskg ue df sF sr¬ kj slsS ji ykohn 4hydu k; ]Tg hylv so df Skt skg ywH df 4sF Sdf IXi ji ykohn suXkgü m {1o ohtl slsS 4sxaSkv yduf jgkc sl ykohn so slltf 4sF Skuc suXkgüm _pf ohtl surb ]jd[sn xsky Sx skg xan 4CF sl,t su[sn kyd_pf ]kd Xkjkd_pf hcjv ]k;x ktkj j,kv k;x kv unf erfav 4sxXkg srjd k;D skr srkt sy Cgu ukekl Bskd ct so 4Tg Xgj jd k;D so df ]skd suukt kF kukohn hH ktkj 4k;x ktkj Sqg sjwi suhge AN ]X[sn xsky skr skg sjwi suhge AN 4hF krdql®m ]hF Zkpp Xe jxu sjkl 4sF sg j jd k;D sF sxy jrhH rkj7unf hH so udfsy ]aSkdyfqr hHd u ]XL\i Bk[nf srkt sy xaj h Hd so skr u 4sF srjd k;D sNhi sd ∆ni suiv so 4sF sgj jd k;D jkd_pf hukuw; g; 4kF k; nf jd re√uf Xe _pf rqHnv dS ]dS skd ykohn j,kv 4sF sgj jd rugse rfakH hd yxki ji ykohn jkd_pf hcjv 4kF k;yf kdIy Zkni dS ji ykohn huiv suXkgüm 4CF suekl7su ekv Xykohn Xkuskn 4kF k;yf kdIy Zkni dS ji ykohn huiv suXkgüm 4Cgu rjWt hH Bskd Xeg kgd suXkgüm skr ]Xkg rjWt Bskd Xgéqr df kgd skdum jkc rqgc su ktkj j,kv 4kF xaj u j,kv CF aSkdyfqr lki sdum u 4sF sgj jd Cgu hH Nqd jkd_pf hukuw; df hF g; skr rkc hd Z;p4/3kv sL\c hH j,kv udfsy 4kF rqHnv skr eJ kdum ]hF hl,t su[sn skr rugse hd um 4k;nf jd kL\[ wnkt ji ykohn hjwi suXkgüm j,kv Xgj srjd eJ rkj7unf so jrajuf dr suhge AN 4Skuc _pf rjwlcw[ sL\c ]hd hjkd_pf ji Xkykohn rqHnv hL\c su Xkjkd_pf hcj v 4Xjd uZ'nzi kd kyd huiv7huiv so df k;x k;nf sn uoH kL\c dS skd Xk;cfjv j,kv hu kuw; skd Xk;yfLae hd Xkjkd_pf Xkuskn 4Tg srgkp kujd uZ'nzi Nqd hH eg skr Tg srgkp kujd uZ'nzi Nqd s; jxv 4Tg k;x k;nf <_aekv skd Xkjkd_pf ub skt 4Tg ed kyd hjkeg Bskd kgd suXkgüm j,kv 4Bqg kn,i Zk/i¬rfzi sl rkc lb hL\c Xgüm ]sF jkd_pf sL\c7sL\c sd cjv Xe j kcjn sd gk'nkc hcjv udfsy 4Tg srgkp kujd uZ'nzi kd kyd huiv eg ]kgd su Xkjkd_p f um j,kv 4Skv jkd_pf hukuw; Nqd ]Xe jkcjn sd gk'nkc hcjv dS ]kvqg klsS jkc dS 4,g hrkt skg Wq' hujrm ofN hd ukoxH Xe <Zin hlm df ,g krdl uc jnfae Syflb henkv skr ]Skt uc <Zin Rpf 4,g krdl uc jnfae henkv skr Skt uc <Zin Rpf 4Skt uc sl,d jnfae henkv nq[ g; j,kv 4sdl skg 'sozi kd ukoxH akgt 4Tg kr dl uc jnfae nq[ henkv jg ]akg 4Xdl skg tsk[ hd ;®l akgt ]Tg Cgu jnfae ji uhet Bskd 4,g Cgu kr¬kj Bskd j,kv ;kolf sdlb kxskg kukuc jnfae skd nq[ skr ]skg hujd tsk[ hd ;® l 4hrdl skg Cgu hjlwn Bskd j,kv ywH hL\c sllb 4Tg srxy sujd skd tsk[ lm Xe Xkjnfae ub udfsy ]Xjd tsk[ hd ;®l eg df 4,g krskg kn,i yk;[ g; skd Xkxsky utf udfsy 4kxskg Cg u hH sxkv kvqg Cgu dr tkv 4,g krdl skg sl,d uexkv kdlm Xe Xkykohn j,kv Xe Xkjs? –w' ub ehlv ]Ikjof ,g ke®keji j,kv 4Tg –w' j,kv sIskN hH j,kv jnfae Sqg Skuc sdlm ,g –w' j,kv kIskN rqgc hg nq[ henkv 4hrdl skg Cgu I‘f1l hdlm hL\c sl kI‘1l 4hrdl skg Cgu hL\c thp Bx Bkuc sl syko sukuc 4kxskg kIskN sl henkv kxSkuc hH skt henkv rkc hjlhr 4,g oHalv 'sozi kd ukoxH Xe thp Bqg Bkuc hd henkv 4,g Cgu kvqg k;kuc kd henkv kd ukoxH 4Tg Sqg Skuc sd henkv jnfae cl rkc hjlwn 4 ,g Cgu 'sozi Bskd kd ezsi akgo ,g ;klo;ø akgt 4,g krdl skg /acal k;D sl ;klo;ø j,kv kd ezsi 4,g ;klo;ø jnfae cl sjkeg j,kv ,g ezsi ukoxH rkc hygi ]sd suuc u ,g <jkd Bd 4k dl uc Cgu j? kd ukoxH jnfae Bskd ji uhet dr tkv 4k;nf suki Cgu 'sozi skd ukox H su rgfskjqi hldf Xe jnfae hldf dr tkv Cgu hg Xe jnfae lm df ,g g; skr Bkpπl j,kv
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 6 egaP

fak' lm ,g k'nf h/skjof yqdycf sd ke®keji go Tg sgj kt syp Gjr ltf eg 4kF Cgu ky lkG Bskd skt kF kylkG kd yhe jkp skr sL\i I,ky jxv udfsy 4kF krdl pqagi ji xdVsi cr Skxy jdDp kd uhet hjwi skr Skt kyp kryp Gjr hlm go jxv kF kgj kt kyp Gjr ltf go 4,g Cgu kylkG knk; sl yhe jkp skr sL\i I,ky j,kv Xjd kiÎ ikv jxv u dfsy 4,g uOfd kupqagi xdVsi Xe hxntV lb skr Skt syp sryp ikv Gjr hlm jxv Tg sgj kt ikv Gjr ltf ]kgd su sdL\y lm 4Tg jwn hurdf xdVsi ]kNwi sl spπc sl sIskN dS sul m j,kv kF krkt kyp ji sr¬kj ji hjwn hd yhe jkp7uhr Bskd jgkc sd xdVsi henkv dS 4,g krkt skg uOfd kuI,ky df ]Xe /skjof sd rkc yj l hldf Tg srskg Sx syp jwn surb eg 4,g krkt skg uOfd kuI,ky df 4Tg srskg Sx syp dr jwn surb Xe /skjof sd rkc yjl lm eg dfXk;D 4,g hrskg ewyke uOfd rqgc hHd7hHd hH rkc yjl udfsy ]rkc ,g yjl hL\c 4Tg krdl skg /çyim sl suskg dofkHko¬ j,kv tgl hg sLs\kF go 4,g krdl skg /çyim sl kryjl hg hLs\kF /skc go 4Cgu /skc j,kv Cgu <je¬ Xeg hH kdlm ,g /çyim Xeg jrajuf ke®keji skt udfsy 4srdl sk[ Cgu skd ke®keji hH eg sl sS 4,g ke®kv hdlm 4,g uoht kdlm hg kuskg Xe jxkl ],g hrdl sk[ Cgu skd jxkl hyNe sl,t 4Tg srdl sl,d sk[ eg slm 4,g <kzi7<kzi kjkeg j,kv lko4/37lko4/3 hjkeg skt ],g uo ht kjkeg skt Tg sgj ht eg Xeltf df ,g g; ZFv kd ke®keji dfXk;D 4,g oHalv kusk[ skd ke®keji df ,g g; skr r;yflv 4nwt,ke jrhH sdcl j,kv /çyim gxt cl ,g ke®keji df Xk;D 4hxaSkt skg uOfd j,kv Xrkc cl j,kv skr jGf skr k;x skg uOfd hg kuki skd ke®keji j xv 4Tg hrdl skg rkc k;D j,kv yjl knk; sl suki skd ke®keji df ]rqgc go ,g yjl Sy fhlb 4Tg yjl rqgc ],g uklkv rqgc ]Tg Cgu uOfd Igkync go df wag krdl gd Te jWt kurb ]skdikv hxskg hujd Igkync go ]skdikv kxskg kujd lkdof go udfsy 4Tg krdl skg rlfdof jrhH sdikv thc go j,kv 4Tg hrdl uc thc jrhH sdikv go skr 4sn sukt jrh H skdlm j,kv Xysk[ ktkojn Xe ;nÔ suiv ikv jxv 4Skt pqagi Xe suskd hldf Xe ;nÔ sdi kv jxv rkc go kxaWd rkc Te 4CF rkc uklkv hL\c skr cr srskg srdl uc <Zin ikv jx v sl sujd rkc hjse 4srdl Cgu uc jnfae ikv sl sujd rkc hjse udfsy ]kxaWd rkc Te 4sx Xjd rkc eg sdlm Skt uc jnfae eg sl,d ]aSkt uc <Zin eg sl,d Xe Xkunf uhr syko sukv ub 4Tg krkt skg j,kv Nqd sl Nqd go Tg hrkt skg rIf? rfak∂ Bu Bskd Xe uoht sdlm hH r ]rhxal ,g krskg kn,i Xe uoht sdlm hHr ]Z;nTkl ,g krkv Xe uoht sdlm hHr naukv ,g kr kv Xe uoht sdlm hHr 4,g krkt skg jnfae kdlm henkv Bskd ct j,kv 4sxaSkt skg jnfae sd lm cl eg skr kxsL\i Bk[nf go j,kv kxsL\i Bk[nf go skr ,g <Zin j,kv Sgfkp <Zin lki sjkeg ]Tg nwt,ke Gjr cl skr ke®keji 4,g krkv dy> Xe Xk<Zin um jdskg rjwlcw[ kuqx jk tg j,kv ke®keji j,kv 4Tg srsn kuc <Zin eg Tg Snf kuc su ke®keji skr _pf 4Tg srukt ku kuc <Zin yosd skr eg ]syskc jkd_pf hukuw; go 4kxy suL\i Bk[nf jdskg jnqal kuqx jktg j,kv _pf hgo Xe <Zin udfsy kyd hdum CF rqHnv ]rqHnv jkd_pf kd Xkjkd_pf hcjv 4kF k;nf kuc <Zin skd ykohn suXkg üm Xe suhge AN 4hF hykL l?f ykohn hjkl suXkgüm 4Xgj srkuc <Zin jdl?f skd ykohn yo sd skr so 4k;kuc Cgu _pf Bskd su Xkjkd_pf hukuw; 4kF nwt,ke ji ykohn hd suekl Xe iW rqHnv hH j,kv _pf hgo kF k;kuc su Xkjkd_pf hcjv _pf skt 4Sx gj ukj,g jd[sn xsky j,kv k;nf kIg Zkni suXkgüm 4j[fkv Xkg sgj jd k;D eqr df ,g krkv kuil hH Xe rkj Tg hn jd yd4/3fqe dr nCu hjkeg skr sueqr 4Zkni kuiv skvkIg ]kgd skd Xkjkd_pf hukuw; sul m j,kv Gjr hd ykohn hjlwn kLq\e go jGf j,kv 4Tg Xeeqr kre{ hurb ]kyd hL\c hurb d
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 7 egaP

sdikv go skr ,g Bkpπl Bskd Xe rkc lm jxv hg sruql7sruql skr hH kuql skd rkc sl u,ke unf uhr jxv j,kv 4,g hGkd kusy uql sl u,ke ikpiqp ZGlf jkdho¬v u ]jkdho¬ u ]hn¥t hd suuke u ]hn¥t hd suuke u ZGlf kuuql 4,g ;Z<uf dS hH kusy uke dfXk;D 4kujd re hn¥t hH hd susy uke 4kusy uke slm ]wagd skt Te df ,g Cgu hH g; cyre kd suuql 4Cgu kusy uke cyre kd suuql df wag kgj gd Cgu hH g; Te j,kv ,g Cgu hn¥t Bskd 4kusy jd Xe nkc kupskl ]kusy uql sygi skr 4sxaSki sl,d pskl skdlm sxaSki u hg uql ikv skd rkc l tf j,kv 4sxaSki u uql ikv skr Tg srpskl rDo hlm ikv jxv skr 4,g krdl pskl k; ,g krd l uql skr k; ,g krdl jd ekd hg dS Xe ;el dS ue ,g kri skdikv skr Tg srpskl ikv jxv rDo hlm wag kryskc Te ct 4Cgu k; kgd hg; su jhokge Cgu k; kgd su I¬bk∂ g; wag kgj gd Te skt g; 4Cgu k; ,g k[yf Xe krhx g; wag kgj gd Te skt g; 4ryx k; ,g dhO wag kgj gd Te skt g; df ,g sr[j hjkt kupskl ikv j/m wag kryskc Te j/b 4Tg ryx Xrnk v hjkeg 4pskl ji lm sjh/7sjh/ jGf 4kxskg rDo hGkd kd supskl jGf 4unf uhr sxXy uql hjse rkc hjwi sxXpskl Cgu ji rkc dS7dS 4sxXjd Cgu ;Z<uf jdIqG tskj7tskj unsouf hjlwn 4sxXjd Cgu ;Z<uf hn¥t skr 4Tg srkt L\i Xe ywH jldv e g skr Tg srsy jd ;Z<uf sllm eg ct df ,g hIskN hurb >el hjkeg j,kv ,g Z<wi;¬gj surb ;®l sd uoht j,kv uoht 4kujd re ''fskd hd sujd ;Z<uf hn¥t skr 4Skt kv Xe yk;[ rkc hjwi Xe unf uhr j,kv 4Skt kyp uikIiIv kdlm ,g krdl skg skr hd ''fskd hd su >el skd rkc hjwi unf uhr jxv udfsy 4sL\i ewyke kIiIv Xe Wq'7Wq' go ]wagd Te skt df ,g krdl skg dfXk;D 4kxSkt skg yd4/3fqe ku>el skr k;df Wq' kujd jkpof jxv ji r kc dS7dS hjse 4kujd jkpof j,kv kupskl cr 4Xy uql rkc hjwi hd unf uhr hjse ct ku [j rxfF¬ kLs\kF skd ;Z<uf skr 4Xy uql u rkc hjwi hjse df dr ct 4kujd re hn¥t hd sujd IXett ]hd susy ;Z<uf ji um Xe Xkunf uhr ub ]kxwagd Te Xrkc skt hH Bskd rkc hjlwn 4,g kukv Cgu skr Cgu 4,g kukv hg skr skg kuskg nwt,ke Xe Xkvkpp Z hjwi rDo sjwi unf sjwi jGf skr ,g kukv sl gcql yd udfsy 4Cgu ∂Gf Bskd skr hd rkc hd tkv df ,g g; skr unsouf kygi Syflb 4,g krkt skg dkujr[ knk; hH sl ukKv ukK kjw/v 4,g krkt skg dkujr[ knk; hH sl suuql u kuuql Xrkc h/kv 4,g krkt skg dkujr[ k nk; hH sl suuql u hHd7hHd ]kuuql Xrkc hjw/v dfXk;D 4Sgfkp kukv Cgu skr Cgu Sgfkp kukv skr skg yk;[ kd sukv unf uhr sjwi skr skg kukv 4,g Cgu rjWt akg; hd sujd L\hH B skd 4Skv u sl gcql yd skr Cgu Skv unf uhr sjwi jGf skr Skv sl gcql yd go skg dql® m hH skt 4Skv u yqdycf skr Cgu Skv unf uhr sjwi7sjwi go skg dql®m rDf;ø hH skt ],g u nsouf dS `Tg syko sujd k;D Xe Xkunf uhr eg df skd sukynf yk;[ g; ZGlf skdikv 4hl hLs\kF ,g Zkpp defFkzi skr g; 4kxaWd sl ikv sl gcql yd skr rkc hdlm ]sxXjsG Ohi s; sl,d 4Tg srdl kv suekl sd ke®keji eg ,g rkc hd sujsG Ohi n;k' 4kxSkt kv suekl sd Xk[akv hjsr tjwl skr Tg Sdf Ohi wr Gjr ltf kv sy Gjr lm X[akv j,kv Xy jsG Ohi wr yosd 4,g Cgu kupqagi Cgd sxXgd sllm eg skr 4wpqagi sl,d Te `,g akgd t jwl df sNwi j,kv skg kL\[ Ohi Gjr hd tjwl Bskd sl,t 4,g nwt,ke ke®keji j,kv XI,ky eg n; k' skr Xjd lgkl kd suI,ky eg nf; udfsy 4Tg hrkt hyp hrP\c jrajuf hjwn sl ke®keji skr Skt syp sryp eg j,kv 4Tg rauv go sd uoht Tg sryp eg ji sr¬kj ltf udfsy 4,g Cgu hL\c rqgc uhet Bskd dfXk;D jdkxy jdDp kd uhet sjwi ,g krdl hH pqagi Bskd skr xd Vsi skr Skt syp hg ji lm eg jxv ],g k'nf h/skjof hd ;®l go 4,g k'nf h/skjof hd r
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 8 egaP

k;ki ke®keji dfkr 4,g kukuc <Zin dS skd Rpf 4rkc hg hurb skr rkj hd tkv 4kujd kiÎ hd suuql skr wagd slikv Te go Tg Xrkc Nqd Xe ;nÔ sjse skt jdskg u,ke j,kv iqp kl kLs\k F sl iW djfrakv Xe Xkunf uhr ub df kxaWd slikv Te k;÷al hd tkv kuZFkzi hg; skr 4krd l kt kyskc Cgu hH Nqd suekl sdum ,g Cgu iqp skt 4skg iqp skt krdl kt kyskc suekl sd Xkxsky Cgüm yosd dfXk;D 4kryskc jWt jhdG srkt gj iqp so 4hF hujd Cgu hn¥t Bskd Xgü m 4hF hugd Cgu rkc Bskd Xgüm 4kF kukt gj u,ke Xgüm 4kryskc jWt jhdG go 4kF kukt gj iqp Xgüm 4kF kusn Cgu jRm hH Bskd Xgüm df kF g; jRm kF,kp 4,g udfsy jRm kF,kp 4Xdl Cgu ZFel Xe susn jRm kF,kp xsky sd oakx dfXk;D 4kdl skg u upozi kd jhdG lm Xe oakx lm 4,g jRm kF,kp kokyv sd jRm uhr 4,g i¥dof kF,kp kokyv sd i¥dof uhr `k xSjfd k;D skr ,g xsky sd oakx lm ,g ikv j,kv wag hg Te jhdG go Stfhy >el xsky sd o akx lm 2Xjd k;D cv 4hF Bx skg I>a> Fkl sd jhdG lb cv 4kF Cgu i¥dof Bskd kF,kp 4sF Sx skg er[ Xkuhr 4sF srdl skg i¥dof uhr ]oIfsujIyŒkv uhr 4sxXjd k;D cv ]kxsNwi rkc hgo jGf go 4lki sd Xkxsky kF Cgu jRm Bskd kF,kp udfsy ]k;x kv hH jko∂q' kF,kp 4,g rjWt k ;D akg; hjse wag krkt Te 4,g Cgu kri skdutf Xn krc skdum go ],g kri skdutf jGf kgd su lm 4k;x skg kL\[ jd jrm sphu jhdG go 4,g Cgu kri skd Xkxsky Nqd j,kv ,g kri skd Xkx sky Nqd df kgd su Xkxsky skr 4Cgu k; ,g kri Nqd Xe /acal lm wag kyko suyskc Te skt df kN wi sulm ]sF jk;,r xsky 4krjd Cgu Wq' kpp hHd Te sNwi kucf u4/3zi dS 4,g rnkv df k Z nl hjse df hl,t df kgd sulm kO,c ji pae jdkv lifko go 4k;x skg htkj jGf go ]Xjd 'snim 4k;x kv unf kd jko∂q' Xyp df ]kgd sl jhdG lm suXkgüm j,kv Sx so `kl,d ,g henkv g; 4Sgfkp kusy j,kv kd,ke dS df kgd suXkgüm j,kv 4k;x kv jko∂q' kjlhr udfsy 4Sx L\i Xe yd4/3fqe hL\c skr xsky skr 4wag krkt lifko Te 4,g ywtGf kukpi jlf Fkl sdum 4,g kri Nqd cl skdutf df kgd sulm j,kv k;x jrm sphu jhdG go 4,g kri Cgu df jdgd g; hF Bx skg ywH kGn hyNif 4,g kri skdeg kgd su Xkxsky sjkl 4Cgu k; ,g kr i Nqd Xe /acal lm skdikv 4kxwayskc Xe /acal ltf Te df wag krgkp kuNwi Te df kgd sulm 4 hF Bx skg ywH jkc hyNif udfsy 4sF jk;,r xsky 4kxsL\i kusn jRm skdcl eqr j,kv 4krjd Cgu Wq' rkc huiv hHd sNwi kucf u4/3zi dS Te ,g rnkv ckj[ hjse hl,t df kgd sulm j,kv kO,c ji pae 4k;x kv j,kv k;x skg htkj jGf jhdG go 4skjd 'snim ,g k;x kv un f kd jko∂q' skyp df ]kgd suXkgüm j,kv k;x jGf go 4Xyp lki sdlm jGf cv 4,g jhdG chtv kL\c df kgd su Xkxsky sd oakx lm ]k;kv jko∂q' kjlwn jGf 4k;x kyp jdOm jhdG go Sx L\i Xe hukj,g hL\c xsky 4,g jkdsc ],g ywtGf kuki[ jlf lki sdum srukt Cgu hH Nqd xsky skt dfk;D 4kxwadl yskc u Te jGf 2Xjd ke{ df ]kgd sulm j,kv 4k;x jrm sphu X sl pae jhdG go 4,g Cgu kri hH Nqd Xeg srukt Cgu hH Nqd eg ]kgd su Xkxsky sjkl um 4Cgu k; ,g srukt Nqd Xe /acal lm xsky ikv kxwayskc Xe /acal ltf Te df wag krgkp kuNwi g; Te ]kNwi su jhdG lm j,kv 4kxsL\i kusn jRm kdlm skdcl eqr j,kv kxwaNwi hH tkv Te u4/3zi go 4k'seg wag krNwi u4/3zi dS Te Tg rnkv ckj[ dS hjse aWd Wq' kuyskc Te df sygi sdlb Xk_ef sjse ]kgd sulm j,kv kO,c ji pae go 4k;x go Nqd Xkvk>el Xeg tkv Xe nt¬fe j,kv skvkv df ]kgd su Xkxsky sd oakx skr 4kF unf kd tkeu Xe nt¬fe j,kv kF unf kd jko∂q' skyp df ]kgd su Xkxsky sd oakx lm 4kF kpgi k;u7k;u Xe oakx dS jhdG dS qa 4k x Sk t sk g sk d ik v /skc I‘i¬ hH kd suskg ryx sdlm skr ,g ryx rkc go jxv j,kv 4hxSkt pqagi dr Xk<kzi
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 9 egaP

kd thp j,kv hldf go j,kv 4krpc skd susy ki Cgu j,kv Nqd sNhi sd susy ki slm 4,g / fyim huiv hg Xe ikv suiv eszi 4,g oHquv hg klsS eszi 4,g kiNf hg Xeum nq[ ],g jrhH sdum nq[ ;´we kdum 4sn kpaqgi skdikv Cgd go df ,g Cgu Xelb ;´we kdum ,g ;Ökl hg a;o so 4,g Cgu u/kl skt Tg hH Xthp hlsS Xe uoht 4Tg srkt skg jkdsc yqdycf skr skg kujd u jxv j,kv ,g krdl kt k;df kjk} sdum skr skg kujd Nqd j,kv ,g u/kl skt 4Tg Xthp so skr dS Xe uoht skr 4,g hrdl uc u/kl jkoyr skr skg ;Óy kuL\y ]skg kuL\y jxv udfsy 4,g ;Óy k;D Xeikv7suiv kd jkoyr dS 4,g hrdl uc u/kl hL\kxy,c skr skg Xe ;Óy kupaqgi jxv 4Tg srdl paqgi Cgd jdO,c Xelm udfsy Cgu hH Nqd 4,g ;Óy k;D Xe suiv kdlm ,g hL\kxy,c dS 4,g hrskg lŸhe go 4,g krkt kgd u/kl skd Xkthp um 4Xn kpaqgi dr thp dZFkl hldf go df ,g hrskg Xelb krdZFkl hdum 4,g hrskg ZF;¿ Xeikv suiv skt dS 4Tg Xthp hd gjr skn Xe jklal 4kxskg ;Óy k;D kd uoht ]kxskg ;Óy k;D kd eszi ]kxskg ;Óy k;D kd naukv 4,g ;Óy k;D kd naukv sNwi Bskd sl,t 4,g ;Óy k;D kd eszi sNwi Bskd sl,t ,g hg hl,o rkc g; 4,g ;Óy k;D kd ke¨keji df ,g kuNwi hg; ],g ;Óy k;D kd uoht df kuNwi g; 4,g ke¨keji skr hg uoht rwHhzxel kdcl go 4,g uoht kdcl eg skt go ]Xe Xkjkr ]Xe 'kdkv ]Xe Xk;{fi ]Xe Xk/,ki ,g uoht skt go 4jrhH sjkeg ,g ZktM raoht skt go ]hg uoht 4,g ke¨keji Xe krZ<wi huiv hg uoht 4,g Cgu hH Nqd j,kv kL\c sl uoht ]Cgu kd uoht 4Tg srdl skg /acal sd u/kl j,kv ;Ökl skr sd Xkthp hjkl j,kv 4Xdl skg ;Ökl skt j,kv 4Xdl skg u/kl uoht Syf sdltf ,g Cgu rkc Bskd j,kv hL\c sl uoht 4,g ;Óy kuiv nq[ uoht 4Xdl skg ;Óy skt 4,g Cgu thp Bskd j,kv hL\c sl uoht dfXk;D 4sxXkg ryx jRm hHl sd u4/3zi lb 4kxSkt skg hgl kjlwn j,kv kxskg ryx jRm dS df Cgu klsS 4kxskg ryx go kxskg jRm hH skt kd u4/3zi lb 4kxskg ryx go kxskg jRm hH skt kdlb df ,g g; kryIft hd u4/3zi j,kv 4,g Cgu u4/3zi Bskd j,kv yIft sllb n;k' udfsy 4,g krL\i ewyke knkl7k/hl rqgc skr u4/3zi g; `,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht g kNwi su _ef dS sygi slcl 4kxaWd rkc hHv ji Xku4/3zi sl sL\skF sl Xeum 4Tg suekl sjse u4/3zi sl rqgc , ue¨kv ;zif sjse

4Xjd jkdho¬ ek<zi sjse Xe rav 4wag krjd ek<zi skd ke®keji Sqg sO,c jrhH sdcl 4wag rhg1xquv r qgc7rqgc Syf sdlm 4kuql sl rfak' j,kv ezsi surb skd Xkrkc hjse 4kxwagd rkj hd tkv rkc hl hLs\kF hg hurb lc 4,g krkt ync uoht go 4Tg srkt kv jqdav Xelm ,g hrkt y,G XL\t h dlm 4,g krkt skg I‘ofzi jrhH thc Xelm ,g Cgu jF®i Xeltf ,g krskg rfakH hd uhet lm ue go 4,g kr>el j,kv ,g kruql Xe lüybkl 4,g krskg rak' ],g krskg u,ke ue skt udfsy 4krkv Cgu jqdav Bskd Xelm jGf 4krpqagi Cgu thc Bskd 4hrpqagi Cgu rkc Bskd jrhH sdl m ,g krkt skg gjr hd jF®i 4jrhH suiv ,g krgj kxy Xe rhprkc u,psc ue skt 4,g krkt uc k/,ki ,g krL\i IwG jqdav 4,g krsy ky,G XL\t 4,g krkt pqagi jrhH thc skr skg u jF®i 4Tg srsn dskj jF®i 4krki pqagi Cgu jrhH thc Xe uhet hyhjFi 4Tg srskc thc eg Xe uhet 4Xdl pqagi dr Xk<kzi sdikv Xrkc so n;k' skr 4sxXjd ''fskd hd suuql skd Xkrkc sl lüybkl u,ke iqp kLs\kF j,kv ]sxXkg u jskOd j,kv 4sxXjd k;n hH ikv udfsy Xgj ∂Gfsc Syflb 4kxaMki jd Cgu kurm wag Cgu Te jskOd kurm 4Sgfkp kujd hH s>qe jGf hgo k;df su jhdG lm skt j,kv 4rkc hxSkt skg ywtGf skr Cgu 4sxXkg iqp ikv unf uhr df kxskg keéqt g; ji ikv skr aWd slikv Xrkc N qd unf uhr Te df ,g keéqt g; jiM sjse jxv 4hxsdl skg Cgu rkc skr Cgu 4Xgj iqp ikv df ,g hjWt skr kxaWd rkc Te 4sxXjd rkc eg hdlm /fof hdlm ]LF,e kdlm 4kd susy ku c <Zin skd Rpf tkj g; ,g yjl k;efhd g; ,g yjl 4,g krdl uc <Zin Rpf 4sdl kt
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 01 egaP

4uri k; Xe uoht ,g krskg lkdof g; skr kxskg hg; ZFv kd lkdof 4Sgfkp kukt krP\c naukv kdlm tskj7tskj skr 4kxsjd oHquv skd uoht j,kv kxSht henkv Bskd dhO 4Tg srskg ewyke n[ql unf sd uipc j,kv 4,g hrkt hrP\c kL\hi ],g hrkt hrP\c k;kN hd q;¨1e 4,g krkt krP\c [qn Syflb 4,g k_k; hd q;¨1e ],g Cgu k_k; hd uoht go Tg sgj yp ji k_k; ltf eg nkc d uipc df 4,g rwcl kd rkc lb g; hg rp4/3fuf Xe uiykc kF naukv kL\c 4Xe uipc sF [ql sL\c df Tg sr[yf s aSkrofd7ofd sjkeg j,kv 4sF unf sd h'q[ sL\c df sd uipc Tg srkx rhx skr xsky sjkl eg udfsy 4Sgfkp kuP\c naukv skr ,g kL\c uoht jxv 4sd sikP\qc sd [ql Sgfkp suskg unf skr ]krZ<wi ,g kikP\qc ]rkvQq' hF skr uipc `Xk;D unf sd uipc 4Sgfkp kuskg unf sd [ql knk; slcl unf sd sikP\qc skr ,g kgj skg rlfdof uoht jxv ],g rkc chtv hl,d 4sF unf sd [ql sL\c unf sd uipc df Tg srgd xsky skr Syfhlb 4,g krkt kyp krjs? skd uoht jkd/av kvqg krP\c tskj 4jkd/av kxskg Xe suje ]krpV hxskg Xe suje ]kL\hi hxskg Xe suje ][qn kxskg Xe suje `sl,d kxskg Xe k;¶fzi sd suje `sl,d kxskg 4krki skg Cgu Xe uoht oHquv kd Z;nTkl Bskd 4Tg srki ukt skd 'kdzi eg u ]Tg srki ukt skd eszi eg u ]Tg srki ukt skd rfak' eg u ]Tg srki ukt skd naukv eg Xelb skr u udfsy Tg srgd uoht eg slb skr Syfhlb j,kv 4,g k;¶fzi hd suje hcay skr g; ]Cgu hg ,g uoht g; 4kxsdl kuc u uoht skdlb ;Óy hH Bskd go 4Xy kuc ;Óy hH Bskd ikv kdlb j,kv 4Tg sgj gd uoht ikv skdltf ,g Cgu hg uoht g; df ]awn jd unsouf g; skr rkc hygi slikv Te `,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht df Tg srNwi eg skr `,g k;D utsk;zi kdlb ],g k;D ZFv kdlb tskj7tskj cl hgo ]Z"?al hgo ]sL\x> hgo ]sL\id hgo ]utskH hgo ]kukt skl >akl hgo ]kukOm gcql hgo ]kukjgskn hgo ]u'hIhijf hgo tskj7tskj j,kv srje j,kv sreŸt ,g srskg kn,i eg Xeltf 4,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht df ,g krkt skg kL\[ u4/3zi skr 4Tg sr>el uoht eg skd suje lb ]Tg sgj je eg tskj 4sxaSkt je sL\skF j,kv ikv yd 4sF srdl skg Cgu sP\wc ikv skr Cgu 4Tg sdqp je kL\skF ikv Xe tkv j,kv yd 4,g uoht df ,g srsy >el eg skd hlb 4tskj7tskj g kukt srje seh/7seh/ skt g; ],g FsL yvqtszx hcay skt g; 4Tg srsy >el uoht eg skd k;¶f hcay hd suje hlb , 4Tg srkt srje kL\skF7kL\skF Tg srkt srje tskj 4Tg srje eg dr q;¨1e jdsy sl eŸt 4,g lslskzi hcay ,g k;¶f hcay hd suje 4Tg srkt srje seh/7seh/ ]Tg srkt srje eg tskj7tskj ],g krkt kv dukpv df ,g Cgu deÂfdkv kuje ]kxsje nkc Z"o ,kl ]kxsje go nkc Z"o jRl 4hd q;¨1e ,g rkvQq' 4,g hL\? hd q;¨1e go Tg srgd unfeŸt skdltf ikv 4,g krkt skg Wq' kuje nkc sd suskg kn,i kpEc ]/acal k;D sl uoht kdlm 4,g eku kd suje sjh/7sjh/ go ],g Cgu uoht go 4Tg sr>el uoht eg slm ,g e¶im skt kd dr susy q;¨1e sl susy sy eŸt 4Tg srukt uoht sldf eg 4,g Cgu uoht yqdycf go Tg rukt uoht eg sltf j,kv 4,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht df Tg srNwi eg Syflb 4,g k;D uoht df ,g Cgu kri hg kd uoht s Xeg dfawp udfsy 4;Óy kuiv ,g nq[ uoht 4kxsNwi Cgu ;Óy kdlm Bskd skr skg kri kd uoht jxv 4Cgu kri hg kd uoht slm df ,g kgj Nwi Syflb go df ]awg krukt Te skr `,g ;Óy k;D kd uoht df ,g krNwi g; Bskd ct Syflb 4,g k;D ;Óy kd eszi df kxsNwi Cgu j,kv 4kxsy ki hH skd ;Óy sdlm hg Xe suukt sdlm ],g kukt skd eszi sultf udfsy 4,g k;D ;Óy kd naukv df ,g krdl Nwi go kukt Cgu naukv hHd sultf j,kv 4,g k;D ;Óy kd eszi df ,g krdl Nwi go ]k;df Cgu eszi hHd sultf 4,g k;D ;Óy kdlm df srNwi u hHd eg skr 4,g k;D uoht df krskg kri g; Xeg jxv 4,g k;D go df Cgu hg kri kd uoht Xeg dfXk;D Tg srNwi Syflb eg 4,g Z<wiZFv ],g utsk;zi cl kjkeg kuNwi j,kv 4Tg srNwi eg udfsy ]sxXkg ryx hHl go 4sxaSkt Snf jRm hH skt sdlb df ],g kuNwi u4/3zi klsS hg endS 4,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht df kuNwi g; Syflb 4Xdl uc e;Öke go Syf sd suki sltf 4,g Cgu hH Nqd jiM sdlm j,kv jki sdlm Xe a;o ,g ;Ökl7eji skr uoht 4,g ;Ökl kuiv Xe ikv suiv naukv naukv 4,g Cgu hH u/kl

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 11 egaP

]kgd suXkgŸm 4Sqg uk'sji j,kv ukj,g rqgc so 4Sx paqgi Xe I?je nkc sd suyp yhe uhr ]Sx Gjr Bkc xsky so 4hrÂc Gjr aSkc I?je Gjr aSkn 4kukt re Gjr aSkn hH jd ywH sk[sn j,kv 4skvkt syp Gjr aSkc ]kgd sulm 4kL\i kuNwi s l hlm krÂkj 4kF Cgu akgo j,kv Bskd hH jGf udfsy 4,g k;x skg kuyef sl jhdG yxki hldf kxskg kpskl su Xkxsky um 4skg Cgu Xe ywH hlm skr hH eqr Cgd ]kNwi suTe Syflb 4I?je skd hrÂc j,kv Tg sr>el hrÂc skd I?je so df ,g Xe ywH hlsS xsky Bd ],g Xe ywH hlsS xsky Bd dfXk;D 4awdl krc gxt dhO dfkr awy Nwi sl dhO Te ]kgd sulm `skg srgkp kukt I?je df ,g rjWt k;D hd suNwi skd rkc lb 4Tg srgkp kukt hrÂc eg df Tg sgj gd eg 4skg henkv chtv s l,d ]kgd su Xkxsky um 4I?je df k; skg srgkp kukt hrÂc hg Xe pl hrÂc ]kgd su jhdG lm `,g akgd hrÂc `,g j/df krÂkj kd oakx kNwi sl jhdG lm suXkgŸm j,kv ]Skv sl akgo h_k; Nqd 4kF kL\isk> kd jhdG dS jgkc sd oakx dS 4Tg srkt syp srpaqgi chjd sd zcd hg huiv sl rugse hg huiv tskj7tskj eg df krskg Cgu ek<jfi Bskd sdlb ;kolf kd eJ j,kv rugse hjkl lm ]Cgu kpEl df skt 4,g kOw> df skt hd sujd kL\[ skd uoht lb 4Tg srjd rugse hH skt ]Tg srjd eJ hH skt ]Tg srjd hH skt eg j,kv ,g r1e chjd7chjd eg 4,g Cgu rofht eg 4kusy ki skd uoht ],g ;Óy kd uoht 4kusy ki skd uoht ],g ;Óy kd uoht skr 4,g hrkt yef sl suukt j,kv sl suki skd uoht lm hgo 4,g IÔfqral eji j,kv ekJof eji skt go 4,g krkt skg IÔqral j,kv r"1r j,kv rak' rfakH cl ue 4hrkt gj Cgu xake Bskd ]hrkt gj Cgu kuekd Bskd 4krkt gj Cgu okHv Bskd Xe ue nkc sdlm dfXk;D 4,g kusy ki Nqd cl 4kukt skg dS Fkl sd uoht lm ]kusy ukt skd uoht lm ],g kusy ki slm 4,g Cgu hH Nqd skd susy ki jGf jki sdlm ,g ;Ökl a;o go 4,g ZFv kdlm hg kusy ki slm dfXk;D 4krNwi Cgu ZFv go ],g krsy ukt slm skt dfXk;D 4,g Cgu srukt eg slm uoht kjlwn k;x gj 4,g kgj Nwi ZFv go kdltf ,g Cgu hg uoht g; ]rkc hygi 4sn jd unsouf skdlm udfsy ]kyko suNwi ,g dhO `ZFv kd uoht lb ,g k;D ],g krxy suOm u4/3zi Xe ue skr 4Cgu krL\i Bk[nf skr xuVhe Bskd ];kziHfv Bskd ]ZFv Bskd Xe jkd/av unfau,n sd tskj lb Xe kL\hi [qn lb 4Cgu krL\i Bk[nf skr ;Óy Bskd Xe kL\hi ][qn lb dfXk;D `;Óy ,g k;D df ,g krxy suNwi go Xe [qn j,kv kL\hi lb j,kv 4kL\hi rqgc j,kv [qn rqgc ,g krskg cr j,kv 4,g krsy ht jd>el uoht hg skd q;¨1e go ],g krsy uke uoht skt skd jhj' 4,g Zke/7<je jhj' ]hd jhj' ,g ysk[ dS jiM sdlm j,kv 4,g jrhH kursp Bskd ]kjk/ Bskd raoht ]jrhH ,g uoht 4Xgd uoht slm eg df ,g hg; skr rpfm ]Xgd ke¨keji ]Xgd ke¨kv slm Bskd `kxskg kvqg uZ'n k;D `jrhH ,g k;D `,g u,kd 4kxskg kvqg uZ'n k;D skd q{Hf sP\wc lm hxskg Bk[nf jrhH rkc hl u,kd 4Cgu rjWt Bskd cv hd suL\skt skd zem df sygi sdlm 4Xjd oHquv skd uoht go ]Xyef rfak' skdum sl unf ltf 4Skt hiku sl unf hlm zem hd Xkvq{Hf sjse sl tkv j,kv 4,g Bkrc rkc Bu hd suiku skd hxntV su henkv lb 4Xe ue sk[j uql Xkvq{Hf ]kgd sl Xkvq{Hf suiv su 0qc 4hrkv Cgu Xe ku<x hjse go 4aMkrc zem hd uoht s l,d skd zem lm 4sygi Z"o jkp kF kukt skd q;¨1e suTe skr ]kgj kr[sn hg jgkc Te j,kv 4jrhH kF uoht ]q;¨1e hF skr jgkc 4,g uoht skt Bqg rfhrzi hdlm skr ]kdak> jrhH sl ÷k"o jkp j/b 4kvqg jkpoÃuf sl ÷k"o jkp j/b 4rak' kvqg Rpf sl ÷k"o jkp j/b 4Bqg Wq' huyef /axql hd uoht sl ÷k"o jkp j/b 4krjd Cgu hruxf Te hdlm 4kF Cgu uoht go kF skt sygi sd Z"o jkp ]kgd su sP\wc lm 4skg srjd ku<x sl cklgf ldf Z"o jkp skg srgd hxskg zem hjkg qr Z"o jRl Bskd skg srskg rhrzi 4sueqr k;nf ykL Xe hukj,g hL\c kgd su 0qc 4Z"o jkp k;df unsouf suTe ]kgd su sP\wc lm `,g k;D zem hjsr _ef sjse jGf kNwi 4ywH ,g Bx skg Xe su>el sjse n;k' su 0qc kpskl 4Sqg ukj,g q{Hf sd lki7lkv sdum j,kv 0qc ]kF kP\wc go 4Z"o jkp ]kgd su q{Hf lm `,g k;D zem hjsr kNwi skd q{Hf lm su 0qc 4k;kv q{Hf kP\wc dS lki sd 0qc 4,g kiNf rhxal kd uoht akgd df ,g Cgu hH /skc Bskd Xeg kd Xkjo sd uoht 4,g Cgu hH /ax Xeg hd uoht 4krdl Cgu hH skg uoht g; 4,g Cgu uoht g; 4,g uoht g; df ]Tg srsy uke eg skdlb udfsy 4k;x Cgu kukpgi k;x Cgu kukt k;x k;ht Cgu sl dhO uoht 4,g rwcl kd uoht ryx rf1e n[ql hd uipc 4Tg srkt jiM k; Tg srjrm sphu eg

iEsd jqi;nm

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kdlm jxv ,g skt ,g hgo skt 4krync Cgu skt ,g hH qncV klsS Bskd jrhH sdikv df ,g kri k;D skdikv udfsy 4,g Cgu uoht akgo7akgo ,g Igkync akgt7akgt 4,g Cgu uoht hH Bskd Xelb 4,g kgj ync ue ],g kgj ync jhj' ]Tg sgj ync tskj skr eg 4hrdl Cgu ync go hrje Cgu thp skt 4,g hrje skt ,g hrync thp hgo 4,g lslskzi hd FsL ],g k;¶fzi hd q;¨1e ]k;¶fzi hd Igkync ]lslskzi hd Igkync 4hrskg Cgu Igkync Bskd skr Cgu skg krkv k;u j,kv skg krje Nqd ct ,g hrskg hHr Igkync j,kv ,g krync jhj' ],g krync ue 4Tg srync j,kv Tg srje <{rfzi jkpof 4sxXOm yd ,g hjgx rqgc nCu ],g hL\i rjWt k;D hlsS 4,g hn´t k;D hlsS tkv skn hH sugj df ,g krpskl go jGf j,kv 4Tg srkt tc jkp gcql jGf j,kv ,g krskl jGf rkj j,kv 4kxawOm jWt yd kOm Cgu tkv Te df hd suTe rkc hjqc hl,d df ,g krkrNi jGf g krpskl go jdOm gcql j,kv 4sxXOm gcql stc jkp df ]kF k;df ;r sultf jkpof go k;x akgd 4skgj s;skl sxX[sn , jGf ,g rjWt k;D ],g krpskl henkv hgo stc jkp j,kv ]sxXOm stc jkp gcql yd 4,g krjd ;r skd >akl henkv dS 4,g krskg Fkl gcql go ,g kpskl skt rkj tkv ]skr hukot ,g jwn ]k;x ync cl srkv7srkv hukot 4jkpof so Sx akgd ]aSkuekd so Bx akgd ]yk;[ so Sx akgd ,g tkv go ]kF kpskl skt Xe uipc 4Sx kv yk;[ Su so Sx je 4,g Cgu tkv go ]sF yk;[ skt Xklji 4kxskg Cgu tkv go kF jkpof skt yd `,g k;D Xe Rpf sdikv j,kv 4,g I?je dS hH jhj' kIskN ],g I?je dS hH hrÂc hL\c 4,g hgj uc thp Bu 4,g hgj je thp Nqd sIa? lhc,kp 4,g kvqg kuc I?je Xeltf ,g hrÂc dS nq[ hH jhj' 4Tg sgj kt srsy gxt s lÂgf Su gxt hdum jgkc sd jhj' Tg sgj kt sryduf so ]Tg slÂgf Sqg sje so 4hrskg Cgu Ghydr Bskd sl suIkd skdum Syflb ]Tg sgj yduf so ,g ysl Sqg sje 4Tg slÂgf Sqg sje ykc ],g klÂgf kvqg kje kd jhj' uw[ku 4krskg Cgu Xk;D Znn Tg srIkd skd uw[ku ],g krskg Znn SIfkd skd Fkg ]krskg Cgu Xk;D Znn 4Tg srIkd skd ykc ikv ]kxskg u hH yk;[ skdikv 4,g hgj yduf jgkc sd jhj' Xthp Zknqe ]Tg sgj kt srkv q<kIhd Su 4Tg sgj kt srje xsky ji lm 4,g kuc jhj' kdikv jdyef sl Xkvq<kIhd XkL\skjd ]Tg sgj kv Su j,kv 4Tg sgj je xsky Xeltf ],g gjr hd hrÂc dS hH ikv 4,g hrsy sy ukFÂ kdlm Xthp Bu ]Bu ],g krkt je cl 4skg kukjqi skt krpc Cgu hH Nqd Xe jhj' sdikv Xe ykl rkl ],g krkt kv jhj' kjlwn 4,g krkt ync jd je jhj' kjwi Xe ykl rkl 4Tg sgj yduf jgkc sd je7je so 4Tg sgj je tskj so ],g ysl kL\d,l ]Tg OÔskd XkL\d,l ]Xe jhj' 4Tg srgd dufkK,o Nqd ,g krkt krje jrhH sjkeg tskj7tskj hH akgo 4,g Cgu uoht hH go 4Tg srgd uoht eg skdltf ,g hxntV hjkeg Bqg hrje j,kv hrync hg hlsS j,kv ]Tg srgd hrÂc eg skdltf 4,g I?je kvqg krync klsS 4Tg srkt skg knof eg j,kv 4Tg srkt kv skd sulc spEc sjkeg df srki Cgu hH lc eg j,kv ]Tg rlc eg 4,g hrskg hyk[ gxt ]Tg srL\tm ]Tg srje so 4srdl gj Cgu kntV eg skr Xje u so 4Tg sL\[ ji Xk'ky hd ikc7ake s suiv cl eg 4,g hL\[ h_qi hdlm ji 'ky hd ake huiv 4,g kL\[ kIsc ji 'ky hd ikc suiv 4,g kL\[ henkv dS7dS ji Xk'ky Xkjktg 4sF srdl skg Cgu hH sL\[ eg skr Cgu ],g Sx je xsky rqgc df ,g Xdl skg Syflb ,g sL\[ eg Xe ylv 4Tg sdqp je Cgu xsky surdf akgo Tg sL\[ eg akgt 4hrÂc hjkeg ,g hrkt ync skr Xe I?je tskj7tskj `,g k;D go ]Tg srgd hrÂc eg skdltf 4,g pl rkc g; udfsy 4,g hrkv Xe >el rkc g; sl yd4/3fqe rqgc 4kF krgd k;D go df Skt kv Xe >el hdikv ,g krdl skg 4kF krgd k;D jhdG go df rkc skg Bkv Xe >el hdum hg n;k' 4awg krgd hrÂc Te skdlm skr 4Syf sd k'seg Syf sd knl 4k;x lc ]k;x lc Xe I?je skt 4k[sn Cgu rje skd hldf sl I?je ]k[sn Cgu srkt ]k[sn Cgu srL\tm skd hldf dr tkv suTe sl I?je 4skgd hrÂc sl,d skdlm s ]skg krje Bskd tskj akgt skr 4kxsje Bskd akgo tskj ]kjlhr Xklji ]yd kjlwn ]kxsje tkv dS 4hd Xkyko suje ,g Bqg hxy XIdIf skr akgo dfXk;D awg krgd I?je skd hrÂc j,kv 4awg krgd hrÂc skd I?je Te skr ],g slc hgo 4Cgu srkt sl akgo hH hHd go Tg slc xsky skt akgo 4,g ykol kd I?je dr akgt udfsy 4awgd sl,d hrÂc Te skdlm ,g krje tskj Bskd skr Xelm 4,g hrL\tm tskj skr go skg srgd hrÂc eqr skdltf 4,g kvqg oHquv g; hg nq[ s>qe nkc Xkunf rqgc ]kyskc jhdG go 4k;nf tsH I?je sueqr ]sF srgkp kukt hrÂc eg 4Tg srskg ewyke yxki eqr df kgd suXkgŸm sllm 4kF kO,c akgo jhdG go sF Xe slÂqx rqgc ]sI,ky lifko 4k;nf kpaqgi Xe I?je ],g yxki chtv 4ji henkv lm kF kvqg d' hg sygi

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<{ dS kucf sjsr 4kF kgd jkc7jkc sulm slltf skd hu¨i lm huiv ]jdL\skN skd Xk<kzi go kxkH 4hd Wq' k_k; sulm jdO,c ji sL\sk? tsr 4kF kL\sk? tsr lki sdlm kxkH ktkj ]sgj srjd nkoof kuiv rLfai ]hL\i Xe >el rkc skd ktkj 4,g Cgu rpfm hH <{ dS kudQ akgo jd[j ji s/ad skg hn kupwl Nqd jdkv su r,ke akgt j,kv skg hL\i k;kN hd r,ke akgt Xe j? lb 4,g k;nf IÔi rsdal su r,ke 4aSkt yduf sdl skg jwn hurtf sl j? lb Syf sd suxkH jdsy skr skg kL\sk? tsr Bskd lki sdikv 4sn sujd k;Òk;¿ XgŸb g; kxskg kNEv skr 4,g kgj Om jiM tjwl 4,g k;x skg Wq' sucwL hg Xe suxm Xe ylv 4kxSkt hg cwL go ],g k;kv xM skt dfXk;D 4hxsxy hurdf jsn Xe sucwL sdlm ,g k;kv xm tjwl skt j,kv 4k;kv xm tjwl ],g Cgu jsn ]hxSkt skg hn´t >akl 4sxXyp scay skr nkoof sdub udfsy ]sl Xknkoof j,kv XkvZkpp hdum ,g kdl yef kthru Bskd dr tkv 4,g k;ki skg regl go ji rkc hldf go dr tkv 4,g k;ki ykduf Z"dÔuf Bskd rLfai dr tkv 4sxaSki ykduf u Z"dÔuf g; kxSkt kv rav kd k;ufqn 4Cgu k'kv Bskd hdlb kxsyef Z"dÔuf hH dr rek;d skd XkrLfai ub 2tkjkge ]kgd Xe ukd sdlm sulm kF jd,ku 01o dS kd ktkj 4Bx sk[ j,kv rkc Xe Xkrak0lf j,kv Xe Xkn ' sdum kF yd4/3fqe kujd ;r Nqd ]ZFv kF k;D ]kyeke kF k;x >ym j,kv 4kF kgj u Gkl hH go skr cv kF hH Gkl go dr cr hF hd Wq' rkc suXkgŸm ct ]kF krkt krP\c nkoof kd XkrLfai j,kv 4kxy suxm tjwl ]k;x skg gcql k;kL\c? go j[fkv 4kF krL\i u Bk[nf kvqg kryduf Z"dÔuf Bskd ]RfiÔuf Bskd sl Xelb 4kF krL\i Bk[nf u rav Bskd kd Xkvk;Òk;¿ hd XkrLfai j,kv ]hxSkt skg hn´t rqgc >akl 4kOm skg uk'sji kL\c ktkj 4sxy sukrc ryx skd k;Òk;¿ hd sjlwn7dS 4sxy sujd knuV hd _Âk' sd sjlwn7dS 4sxy sujd uLa[ kd sjlwn7dS cl so 4,g krdl skg hH Nqd ]Skt skg k;¨g ]Skt skg kL\x> ]Skt skg oEim dS 4,g kusy kojd oEim dS ]ku[j sEdb rLfai ln 4,g hrskg hH hd XkrLfai sl,o 4hd sudTkH ji sjlwn7dS ],g hrskg rnkv hd XkRqd sl,t 4Tg rnkv hd XkrLfai df sl,t k;df uLa[ kdlm su rLfai sjlwn skr k;krc ZFv dS su hldf ]hxy surhc rkj 4sxy sutsk[ ZFv j,kv Syf ysk[ _Âk' suiv suXkgŸm 4sF Sx kv jd/akc _Âk' suiv so 4,g hrskg Xe Xkckrdf huiv ]hrskg Cgu Xe suiv ke¨kv hdum dfXk;D ]Tg srjd hg knl rLfai df kl,t 4sF Skv sy Fkl Xckrdf huiv rLfai so `ZFv lb kd u"o ,g k;D ]aWd k;D ]awg hgj kv susy 4kukt yef gxt dhO Fkl7Fkl sd sucwL tjwl >akl tkv 4,g hL\i Bk[nf Bqg hrgd q;¨1e u"o ,g k[sn klsS7klsS ]kgd u ktkj 4Bx kv upL\v k;D sl ktkj kNwi ]Skv ]sd huk/tkj hukK sjkl Sx Syf kOm rkj h/kv 4skvkv syp z?h' df s Bx hn tsH jc[ skdcl 4sF jkdk;Òk;¿ syko suukt sd Xk_Âk' ]sF rLfai j,kv hukK ]sF h"rfsk; ]sF d"sy4/3of u"o sL\c7sL\c Xe huk/tkj 4kd u"o lb ,g ZFv k;D kOm kL\c? ]hF rkj h/kv 4Bx IwI hH nCu hd ktkj lm 4hxSkt IwI u nCu hdldf jduql jc[ hd r,ke 4awg hgj kv susy Xg qr Te 4kukt skg / yim s>qe ji gxt dhO Fkl7Fkl sd suyP tjwl >akl tkv df ]awg Bx kv sujd kupwl g; j,kv 4q;¨1e hjkg qr awg Te ]kgd su k;kN lm `eqr skg u,kd kNwi sulm 4,g hL\[ s[j Fkg ji s/ad sdlm k;kN hjs/av Bskd Xe u"o k[sn 4k[sn kuil rkj dS su ktkj dS ]awgd slikv hukgd dS 4kxSkt sy Xe q;¨1e cl go Tg srdl jd eg hH skt 4kxskg Zke/7<je cl go ],g krdl jd ;Ôque hH skt dfXk;D 4,g Cgu kyko suL\i ZdG Bskd Xelb 4kxSkt sy Xe q;¨1e skdikv hHl go Xe kjk/ yh'<je hd uoht lb sxXjd hH skt ]aSkt u sgkp ]aSkt jnfae sgkp 4kxSkt sy Xe q;¨1e skdikv cl go Xe kjk/ hd uoht lb sxXjd ikv hH skt 4krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb ]Cgu k; Tg srP\i krhx ]drÂfku k; ,g drÂfkv ]Cgu k; Tg srkt jnfae ]deÃk/ df ],g deÃk/v 4Tg srxy suyp Xe /skjof sd jklal ]Xe lk;Ÿal 4Xe /skjof sd uoht Tg srxy sugc sIym jdL\skN skd uoht k; Tg srht Xe e¶ ;Ÿkekl sd uoht df k; 4Tg srkt skg hlk;Ÿal ]Tg srkt skg q/kl jdL\skN jk}7j? df k; 4Tg sryki skd XkpEc j,kv hu¨i df ]Tg srklc j? ]Tg srjd hjd,ku ]Tg srjd ukdwn ikv 4Tg srjd k;D ikv df krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb sxXjd hH skt eg Xe kjk/ hd suje lb ]Xe k;¶fzi hd q;¨1e lb 4,g k;¶fzi hjkl hd q;¨1e cl skr sygi sdlm 4Bqg rkvQq' hd uoht sl unf lm df kuukt skr Skt skg / yim jxv qncV Bskd klsS 4Cgu uZrojfi Bskd ]Cgu Igkync Bskd Xeltf 4,g skt ,g hgo knl skt klsS Nqd ]ro4/3k' Rfuf klsS Bskd jxv jrhH ],g q;¨1e cl hdkc 4Cgu kri Bskd kd uoht sygi sdlm kyp kri kd uoht df kuukt skr Skt yp kri

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sjkeg df kxSkv u yk;[ g; k;D skr 4aSkt xy yG rDk"of soL\d j,kv aSskc eg thc sd ekv 4sxXkg sgj u sd r1ev ]sxXkg sgj hg sd q;¨1e thc so df krkv Cgu yk;[ g; k;D skr ]sd q;¨1e Xkg srxy yG j,kv sd r1ev Xkg aSskc sueg thc 4Xgd uoht eg slm k;D Xkg srkt xy ywG sd q;¨1e Xe rav Xe uoht ltf `Xgd uoht eg slb k;D skr ,g RfiÔuf g; hd jH uoht jxv j,kv ,g ek<jfi g; jxv kd tsk[ hd jH uoht 4Tg hrsn [j Fkg ji s/ad k;kN hykd akgt ]Tg srkt paqgi eg sphu sd rÒjn lm df g; go ,g krskg ryfG skt 4,g hrkt gj hg k{akdkv ]k{akdkv hjkeg g; 4Xe q;¨1e Tg srpaqgi ]Xe sikP\qc ,g srpaqgi ]Xe [qn Tg srpaqgi 4,g kIym sllb krskg udfsy ],g k{akdkv hjkeg Cg; 4Xgj kuc uoht knl j,kv knl Xgj kuc uoht 4aSkt spc sl sikP\qc 6aSkt pc sl q;¨1e 6aSkt pc sl [qn `,g k;D k{akdkv hjkeg ]kjkeg ,g k;D e¶im uoht s jkl 4,g kIÔsp hd sugj sL\di skd uoht ],g kIÔsp hd sugj suc knl ],g kIÔsp hd supc sl q;¨1e ],g kIÔsp hd supc sl [qn `,g k;D kIÔsp hjkl hd uoht sjkeg ]e¶im kjkl kd uoht sjkeg 4Tg srgj uÅyal hg Xe supc sl [qn j,kv r,ke eg Xeltf ]aSk_k; hjkl hjkeg 4sn u sgkp j,kv sn kupwl r,ke sgkp 4Tg srsn kpaqgi gxt dhO ji rDo dhO sL\sk? cl 4k;kdqp Cgu skd hldf hHd su sL\sk? hldf dr tkv dfXk;D ]'ojkpkIÔ'f k;nf nko;Ÿ/ skd ktkj ZGlf su r,ke j,kv 4Tg srsn kpaqgi gxt dhO ji rDo dhO XL\sk? cl df ,g g; rkc hd ste sL\c j,kv 6,g ;r rkc dS udfsy 4,g L\,kn huiv7huiv ]Tg XL\sk? suiv7suiv ],g dr sxkv jskv hd hldf ],g dr hy´nf L\,kn hd hldf ],g dr jqi;nm L\,kn hd hldf ],g kgj L\,kn sl htsr kjt Bskd ],g kgj L\,kn seh/ kjt Bskd ]tsr kL\skF lki sd hldf ],g kL\sk? jskted kL\skF lki sd hldf ,g hjlwn rkc 4,g hukgd hd hHl ],g Cgu hd ktkj dS Bskd hukgd g; 4kF kupc sl akgt ]akgo kd supaqgi e;Öke k;x uc kuxkH j,kv k;x skg kuyef hg sllm kF kxkH slltf 4k;x skg kuyef sllm >akl ]kF kxkH jH7unf slltf 4kd sL\sk? sjkg qr ,g nko;Ÿ/ 4k;kv sy gxt dhO ]ji rDo dhO ,g kL\sk? hg kd ktkj dS 4,g tsr kjkg qr kL\sk? ktkj pl ]kL\sk? udfsy 2gxt lb sxskvki kv sl,d ]jwn surb skg eqr `g; kxskg sl,d df hF Bqg BkL\c? nq[ Te 4,g k;kv sy gxt dhO Xg qr ji rDo dhO 4awg hrsn nko;Ÿ/ Te slm ,g tsr kjkg qr kL\sk? 4,g ;r ukF j,kv ;el kd suje sjkg qr akg; ]Cgu df sxskdl kv dr sphu sd L\k> lb Xe sphxc lb eqr df hF Bqg hjL nq[ Te df hF hn Syfhlb jc[ j,kv suTe hF hn jc[ skr hg rkj 4Sx ywH hn´t hurb 4hF hyef Te skr gcql ]kgd su r,ke `skg u,kd eqr ]kgd sulm j,kv 4Bx kv nk; slm cl lk;"7[wH hd jH7unf j,kv eJjfi kd jH7unf g; k;D 4Bx skg ZF;¿ iw/7L\,kn hurb k;D 4Sx iad <kzi skr sdlm k;kL\c? skr go 4hF hL\[ r,ke hd rkj hgo ]kuil hgo ]k;kN hgo k[sn jdI,ky sNhi 4,g kL\[ s[j Fkg ji s/ad sdlm Bskd df kvqg lklgv slm df kF k;ki Cgu hH /akc kL\sk? go 4hxy sucwL sphu <jdf hj[fkv hd tjwl jgkc sd oakx dS Xe sphxc dS 4k/akc sl {1o dS kL\sk? su ktkj 4kyP hH unf lm skr syP u tjwl df Cgu krskg unf Bskd skr klsS ]hg kxsyP ]hg kryP tjwl hH unf lm ],g hH kryP go ,g krxM skt 4kF k;x kv skd suyP tjwl 4k;x yduf jwn yhe XkL\d,l go srskg7srskg >akl ]ji sL\sk? kF kIL sl re gf 4kF rp4/3Vuf Syflb kxSkt sy u,kd skr 4kxsdl kt sy Cgu jxv kL\sk? tsr kjse df kpskl 4kF kL\c hH kL\sk? lki sdlm kF kL\c ktkj 4kF kL\sk? kd ktkj ]kF Cgu jpE[ Bskd 4kF Cgu kL\sk? kd henkv <jk/kl Bskd 4kxSkt yduf df kF kL\c lko4/3of Syflb kL\sk? lki sdlm tsr kF jWt 4kF kukt yduf j,kv Gjr cl hF r,ke ]jiM hF r,ke ]sxkv hF r,ke ]sNhi hF r,ke ]suekl hF r,ke 4cyre k;D sl aSqd slm skg u hg lk;" sltf j,kv 4kF u hg yk;[ kd lk;" slm udfsy ]ji Zxke sL\i rqgc skr aSqd 4kF k;x ywH hH kuky utskH go 4skd sujd utskH u j,kv kdskj kL\sk? skd suhi huki sulm u ][wH u j,kv hxy lk;" slm u unf lm 4kxkH ],g krkt gj _ef u,kd skr skg suekl r,ke 4kvqg kn,i u yk;[ Bskd kd susy knof hH slum 4Bkv u nk; Bskd hH hdum 4kxawdl ht u hH <{ dS Te jdL\skN Xg qr j,kv 4,g naukv Xe hxntV hjse Syflb skg eqr j,kv 4skg <kzi sd Xk<kzi sjse eqr ]kF kgd sulm sl Xk_ef utf 4,g krkt gj <je skdldf kd Xkupo um 4Xkg Snf Xe suktuv sd r,ke sueg skt upo so j,kv 4,g hrkt gj nk; hdldf skdldf ;el sd r,ke 4Xy xake knof sllm df ]Bkv u nk; slm hH hdlm 4,g oHalv uoht hH

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hd g; skr rkc dS 4sxXjd rkc eg skr hdlm `Skt k;df k;D ]Syf sd sukt y[f sd ywG sjwi sdlb 4Syf sd Ioky[f skd ArZ<wi lb ]hd uoht lb ],g Cgu ;Óy Bskd j,kv 4Cgu ;Óy Bskd j,kv jki sdlm ]kvqg kjwi ;Óy skr Skt y[f kjwi uoht hg sl,o 4kvqg kjwi ;Óy skr Skt y[f kjwi Skt y[f ywG Bskd sl,t 4aSkt skg rlfdof Z;nTkl kjwi kd uoht ]naukv kjwi kd uoht ]oHquv kjwi kd uoht ]ArZ<wi hd uoht 4;kolf sd uoht ],g Cgu ;Óy Bskd kd uoht awn kjgskn Te sl jGf Xe jRm sd u4/3zi lb 4,g krdl kt kukt sl,d uoht go df hxskg rkc hg hdlm Xe Xkunf skn syko sukv j/b 4Tg sgj jd Zkpp eg hg hdlm ,g krdl skg k;D j,kv sl,d hxskg Wq' sl,d tsk[ go j,kv 4hxskg Wq' tsk[ hdlm skr ,g uoht df Skt IwI ezH g; jxv 4,g hrkt skg nac tsk[ go Syflb Tg srsy >el uoht eg slb 4,g uoht df skt hd sutsk[ hdlm hxsgj hjkt tsk[ dS jrhH sdikv skr Skv u Xe >el uoht g; jxv lc skr 4Xy >el u uoht slb udfsy ],g kgj yp skt cl g; jWt ]hd uoht Xjd tsk[ jWt ]aSkuc ukde jWt ]awg kgj gd hryx Te skd su>el uoht hg skdub udfsy 4,g Cgu knuV Bskd hd thp hldf Xe ue sjse 4awg kgj jd Cgu knuV hdub Te 6skd sukuc ukde kL\c 6skd suked '; 6skd suked u/ hg; 5sF srukt uoht eg skr hg; ]kgj u krÂkj Bskd skr jGf ]Xe j/v Sx IwN hyk[ eg skr jGf `k;D jGf skr Cgu uoht g; jxv df hxskg ewyke hl krpV hL\c ]skr cr hxskg hlknm hL\c 4,g Cgu uoht g; kxskg kuukt slm Tg srgd uoht eg sltf dekzH skt g; df ,g hd suukt hg; Xe /cal lb rkc skr hygi Syflb 4,g hrkt skg u>ym hjkl cr j,kv Cgu uoht go Tg srsy >el uoht eg sltf 4,g hrkt a dQ gxt dS BkuOfd hjkl ]BkuOfd udfsy ,g 'kyr skdcl eg hd uoht lb j,kv ],g uoht 4Cgu uoht df kgd Cgu Xe nkoiv hHd su Bskd nkoZiuf ]nZkouf ,g uoht df ,g oHquv nkooÃuf uoht 4,g Cgu uoht df k;df Cgu d' su hldf dr tkv 5,g uoht 4,g Cgu hH kL\x> kd drÂfku drÂfkv Bskd 5,g skr uoht udfsy 4Cgu k; ,g jo4/3B df g krkt skg kL\[ kL\x> kd drÂfku j,kv drÂfkv 4Tg sd sL\x> eku cl hdkc ],g eku kl yjl knl7k/hl uoht udfsy , ]sgd skr sn j,kv Bskd eku sgd skr sgd <Zkouf Bskd 6Xgd skr Xgd {ske Bskd 6Xgd skr Xgd ke¨keji Bskd skdltf 6ehlv j,kv rauv jxkl go hg nq[ uoht ]Cgu hH Nqd sxkv sd uoht ]Cgu hH Nqd jiM jki sd uoht a;o ;Óy kuiv go 4kusy ki hH skd ;Óy sd uoht ]kusy ki skd uoht `,g k;D ;Óy kd uoht df kxSkt Ief yk;[ g; kdikv Fkl sd hlm ]<{ hlm ]unf hlm ]kxSkt yp kri kd uoht skdikv unf ltf j,kv kxsyp kri kd uoht kGn hygi skdikv hg sr[sn slm skr ]Sgfkp huskg jk;,r skd su[sn [akv hdikv 4nwt,ke ,g go kxSkt skg nwt,ke go skr ]X[sn ikv df ,g kgj jd k{hrzi hd Xk[akv hdikv go 4krdl skg Cgu nwt,ke skr Cgu ],g krdl skg nwt,ke hg skr sxaSkOm [akv hg ikv go udfsy Nqd ,g nwt,ke ]kxSkt skg Cgu nwt,ke skr aSk>el d{'f sd jH k;ufqn ]kxSkt skg Cgu nwt,ke skr Sky´pf [ky krhx ]kxSkt skg Cgu nwt,ke sl sugd sd Xkn"ufim ]kxSkt skg Cgu nwt,ke go sl sugd sjse udfsy 4,g Cgu q;¨1e Bskd j,kv ,g Cgu eŸt Bskd kdltf ,g nwt,ke Nqd jrhH sjkeg ],g nwt,ke jrhH sjkeg go 4,g hrdl kt [akv Gjr lm hH <{ hlb hg tkv skr Skt IwI g; jxv 4,g uoht g; df Sgfkp kukt IwI ulq;´b g; ]Sgfkp kukt IwI ezH g; skr sxaSki tsk[ sl,d so ]sxXy >el uoht hg slb skt udfsy 4,g uoht df skt Xe Xe a;oÂ3,g krdl kt ktsk[ skdlm 4,g uoht df skt Tg hrdl kt BkOm Gjr lm X[akv skr ,g Cgu uoht g; df Skt kv <je g; 4,g uoht go ,g kylfylf skt phc sd q;¨1e j,kv eŸt hg u j,kv ,g Cgu uoht eŸt ]kusy >el re uoht skd eŸt 2aWd unsouf likv Xe k;Öal hd tkv skr s 4,g hrkt skg ywH hjkl cr j,kv Hajkzi kd uoht Tg srsy >el eg skd eŸt udfsy 4,g thc hg kd q;¨1e ]kd r1ev ,g Cgu thc eŸt 4,g Hajkzi kd q;¨1e ]Cgu Hajkzi kd uoht eŸt 4,g rkvQq' hd q;¨1e ]Cgu rkvQq' hd uoht eŸt 4sxXkg sgj hg sd q;¨1e thc so ]kxskg kgj u uoht go 4Bx skg ywH Cgo kxskg kgd uoht ueg sltf skt Tg srxy yG sd q;¨1e Xe rav sd uoht ct skr 4Tg srxy yG hgo ],g kruc {1o Cgo ,g krskg skt thc skr s jGf 4hxskg hd ywH hg Xe su>el skd thc sueg j,kv sxXkg sgj hg sd ehu so ]sxXkg Xgj u sd ekv hg thc so ]sxXkg Xgj soL\d hg thc so 4sl akgd kxSkv skr kF u nwt,ke Xe thc jxv go ,g kvqg Idzi Xe yG skt dfXk;D 4sxXkg sgj ryx hg thc

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 61 egaP

4Xdl jd jkpof dyf,ke hHl eg df ,g oHal g; k;D j,kv Sgfkp kuL\skN kjkgl kd Xkjkpof sd rhrv hHl k;D df ,g kNwi suXkgŸm skr sxXdl jd jkpof so hg skr 4hxsL\i hukuc knial skd Xkjkpof jk/m skr XgŸm ]kxsL\i kusy kjkgl skr XgŸm kxsL\i kusy jk/kv kd XkoHquv sd rhrv skr XgŸm 4Tg srdl jd jkpof j,kv [sn j,kv pskl skd uoht sl gjr Su xsky hHl k;D 4Tg srdl jd urpV dyf,ke xsky hHl k;D df ,g kNwi suXkgŸm skr Sgfkp kupskl Sgfkp kujd urpV dyf,ke awg krgd Te 4su _ef Tg kNwi u4/3zi j,kv dS ]kxaWd Zkpp hdum u4/3zi sIskN j,kv skn dS 4sxXjd jkpof Xe tsk[ hd uoht j,kv eg skr j,kv ]awgd hHv Xrkc hg hurb Xe /acal lb ]kxskg rkK j,kv kxsL\i Bk[nf hH ;Óy j,kv ZFv kdlm cr j,kv `uoht ,g k;D kxskg rkK j,kv kxsL\i Bk[nf cr j,kv kxSkt skg j,kv cl ]kxSkt ync cl skr 4,g Cgu hxntV go sF srukt hxntV eg sltf df Skt L\i Bk[nf jxv skdikv udfsy 4kxskg Nqd cl hg; ]uhet hg; ]xsky hg; ]unf hg; ]Xrkj hg; ]kxskg hg; Nqd cl 4k;x skg r"kel ;H udfsy ]hF hgo rkj ]kF hgo yxat ]kF Cgo Nqd cl ]sF Cgo go ]kF u hg kuskl go 4hF u hg I2/1b go dfXk;D ]kF u ;H Bskd jGf 4k;x skl jdskg rp4/3Vuf go Xe yxat hlm rkj jGf j,kv hn dXG I2/1b go su sP\wc go 4,g hd jF¨i Cgu hd suskl I2/1b ],g Cgu I2/1b df k;x L\i Bk[nf hg sl,t udfsy 4,g Cgu skr ;H Bskd df Tg srdl Nwi j,kv Tg srdl skP sd ykg l hH skd hxntV hOw> dS j,kv Tg srdl skP sd ykg l eg skd I2/1b hOw> dS j,kv 4,g hrdl sn ;H hxntV hOw> dS ],g hrdl sn ;H ]I2/1b hOw> dS 4,g jZHuf kjkl ji su>el go 4héef k; kuskl hH go ]k>el kuskl suikv sltf sukt u,kd j,kv hrrhc sl ;H rkj hjwi g; skr hrL\i u Bk[nf hH hHv I2/1b jxv udfsy 4,g ZF;¿ Tg srpskl Syflb ,g hrL\i Bk[nf I2/1b g; j,kv kF dZFkl go Tg srpskl ikv Syflb 4kF krL\i Bk[nf kuskl go udfsy ],g hH g; uto ]kF hH go uto 4kF ZF;¿ hH go kF ;H skt hH sygi skr ]X>el l dhO jxv ]kyskc ;Ô'f koq; kdlm ]kF ZF;¿ yqdycf ;H kd jsn hurb g; 4kgj rhH;H j,kv kgj krskP skdlb s hg ZF;¿ jsn hurb Te 4k;nf krc u Xk;D rDo hlm suwr yxki ji ]k;kv L\skN sNhi wr skd ;H df kgd dhO suwr 4kF rifad j,kv kF rhH;H Te j,kv 4kF kgj sn hH ;H s>qe g; j,kv kF kgj skP skd jF¨i lb Te jsn hurb 4Bx skg ng ]kgd sulm ]kxy sulag kP\wc go 4kF kgj krsn ;H hH jF¨i g; jsn hurb udfsy 4akgo kF kvqg k[j jF¨i hykduf I2/1b ]k[sn kysk> s l hn´t sulm k;x kL\c? endS skr go 4awg k;kv dXG sNhi Te skd ;H ]aSkt skg ;ZHuf yqdycf ikv ]kgd su sdL\y lm 4akg; Tg Cgu skr ;H Bskd ]sIsc df kNwi sulm skr hxy sukv tkokv Xe lki Cgd hd ikI hd XkL\sk? ]nkc jsn hL\skF 4kL\i yp sxkv 4hF I2/1b ]k[sn jdyskII ]kxakI ji s/ad jdsy sl hn´t kysk> ]k;hi huki su Qqx 4skd jF¨i sd uto hlm k;nf [j gxt hdlm 4k;nf dXG kF krhi huki dr ct Qqx skd I2/1b lm sulm ],g akgd ;H k;x >el go 4,g jrhH I2/1b hd suskl dS k[sn ]kykL Fkg Xe sysk> 4kl,d ;H skr Cgu ]Sgfkp kuskg Nqd jWt Xe sysk> df kF kxy suskg skr d' kL\skF slm ]k;nf skd ;Ô'f suiv u Qqx 01o sdlm jdykduf kysk> 4XdQ skd suhi huki ]XdQ Syf sd susk/ gaqe7Fkg skd jsn hL\skF sjkudf sd Sqd dS so s jGf ]kvqg uk'sji rqgc ]kvqg ukj,g j,kv doq; 4,g Cgu skr ;H Bskd 4kF k;yf Nwi sueqr k;kxy kri Nqd df kgd sulm j,kv k;x dOOf Qqx go ]ukluql j,kv ]kIkUl j,kv ]Bx hrjrm j,kv rkj ]k;x krskg L\ghc krÂkj j,kv ]sP\c sxkv j,kv skr 4Cgu skr rkc hd ;H Bskd ],g rkc hd ;H k;D df kgd sulm ]kvqg rrfpV ] ,g rkc k;D 4kl,d jvGf ]kl,d ;H skr Skt kv hH q;¨1e ]kl,d ;H hH Xe yxat j,kv 4kl,d ;H skd hlk;Ÿal ]Cgu skr ;H Bskd df kF kNwi u g; su Qqx sdlm hHd dr tkv ]Bqg hukj,g hL\c skd doq; lm 4Cgu skr ;H Bskd ],g Cgu skr jL Bskd Xe yxat 2sIsc ]kNwi sl ;Ô'f koq; suiv su Qqx 01o lm 4XL\i u Bk[nf ji Zxke Bskd krÂkj L\ghc ] uo uZtuf ]rkj hjs/av ]hxy sujrm rkj j,kv k;x kv yxat 4hF hrL\i ewyke Bqg hdIy Xelm thp huto Bskd 4hF h[j xakI hysk> dS ji s/ad suiv su q/kl 01o 4kF q/kl koq; dS j,kv kF q/kl 01o ]kF ;Ô'f kdlm j,kv kF Qqx 4sF sryduf sl yxat su? dS q/kl skn ]kvqg klsS jkc dS 4Tg srgj srskP hg skd sOw> so ,g hrkt skg nac tsk[ hd sdDlf hylv sdum Tg srsy >el hylv skd XkdDlf sOw> xsky skt dfXk;D 4,g Cgu skr kdDlf kOw> go Cgd Tg sgj >el uoht eg sltf df Skt h[j hjkt tsk[ df hgd suTe skt Skt hg

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38 fo 71 egaP

s; df k;x kgd skd Xkxsky slsS ]Sqg sL\x> Sqg oEim sL\c skr sxaSkugi Cgu srwt Xe j,i sd Xkrj,kv df kL\i kujd gskEof hH Gky[f sdlb 4k;df kL\[ gskÐof Gky[f sdlb j,kv hd re gf su Xkxsky CgŸdf Xe uhp kGn hygi ct j,kv qxai sL\c skr j,i sd nq[ hxsyp jd[j Fkg ji s/ad go sd hukj hxXkg Fkl ak;_Âf skn 4hF hryp jd[j Fkg ji s/ad so skr 4sl Xkj,i uiv Xdl yp ak;_Âf cl df ],g oHal sl,d g; ]cl hxXgd so 4hxXkg ukj,g so skr ,g hrdl yp ak;_Âf cl ]Tg srdl s skg sL\c j,i sd Xk;_Âf cl df sgd Bskd sl Xk;_Âf um jxv 4Skt gj u kd ekd hldf j,kv hdkc X[sn ikv skr sO,c jd[j ji ji -lqd go skr kxSkt gj jH d;ky su[sn j,i go skr Skt L\i kIskN rkiquv kd j,i ]Skt skg kL\c jhj' Skt gj , kIskN j,i kdlm sl uipc skg kld Xe sgsky j,i kdltf dfXk;D Xuc u sr[j hg j,i sllm k;x skg d;ky su[sn kuyp kd rj,kv huhp ]Bx skg yd4/3fqe kuyp Xrj,kv 4Sx skg sIskN j,i sdcl sd Xkjhev hdkc Xgj dhO skr j,i sdum Syflb hF chjx so df kF ;ÅkH,kl kd Xkrj,kv chjx ]jdL\skN skd Xkrj,kv chjx ZGlf 4Tg Sx Snf jd qxai j,i sd Xkrj,kv hd jH uhp 4Tg srskg srwt sIskN surb ,g hrkt skg ZFelv Xe dr suskg sL\[ j,kv Xe suyp skr so ]k;D hg kugd skr kd Xkj,i sdum ,g hrskg ak;dfL\y skt hd Xkvktkjkge7ktkj 4srskg sIskN j,kv srwt sd j,i sdum skr 4,g Cgu ykol hd sujGf7suyp Bskd skr skd Xk;dfL\y hd j? sL\c udfsy 4hrdl Cgu hg yp go srdl kt Skugi Cgu srwt sIskN rqgc skr 4,g krL\i kujGf7kuyp kL\skF skd hdL\y hd j? chjx dfXk;D 4kxSkt k;kugi kIskN hg kurm hxskg hdL\y hd j? sL\c sdutf jGf 4,g krskg rjwlcw[ j,kv jnaql j,i kIskN ]Xdl skg u sL\c j,i sdum dfkr 4sxaSkt Snf kugi srwt hd sgsky Xe Xkj,i sdum j,kv hxXkg kn,i ak;pEfc dr Z"o Xkjktg Xe uhp skr 4Cgu ykol Bskd skr kd supskl ]Cgu ,g skr krpskl Bskd skr Skt skg ryfpzi yk;[ g; lc ],g hrskg jnaql thp hukyG 4hF ryfpzi Xe uhp hF hGwdosc dS hH go 4,g hgj ryfpzi Xe k;ufqn ak;Gfwdosc hd gjr jktg 4kF yk;[ kdum klsS ,g krskg jnaql j,i kIskN 4sgj srkt Skugi srwt sd sgsky Xe j,i sd Xk;_Âf dr Z"o Xkjktg Xe uhp ,g kri skdikv k;D 4Tg sgj yp sl Xkj,i suiv xsky sjkl eg udfsy 4,g krdl yp sl Xkj,i suiv henkv jg df ,g uOfd kukv lko4/3of g; skdum skg k;df u xsk;im kd Xkj,i dr ÷k"o su Xkxsky utf 4,g krdl yp sl Xkj,i suiv henkv jg df rkc hOwuv skg srgd k;D g; eqr 4,g e¶ kd k'seg skr g; ]hH snkn7ikc sdum ]hH snkn7ikc sdum ]sF sryp hH snkn7ikc sjkeg 4sl k'seg sgj sryp hg sl Xk;[fkl,c skr cl 4Cgu rkc hd lc sdcl g; ],g rkc hd nkoiv go 4,g kryp sl Xkj,i suiv ,g krkt skg kn,i "Qqi hjkrov Bskd ,g krskg klsS hHd7hHd ]akg 4Xdl yp sl Xkj,i suiv henkv jg df ,g krdl skg g; k;D 4,g krdl yp sl Xkj,i suiv henkv jg `k;D sxXNwi xsky sd akgo skr 4skyp sl Xkj,i suiv sjv ],g rjWt k;D hd Xk;[fkl,c 2skg sgj jd k;D g; Xkyxki ]Xgd go j,kv Skt kv akgo kdIH kywH henkv Bskd sl oakx sjlwn hldf jxv j,kv 4kxsdl yp Cgu hH Bskd sd h[kl,c kucf Xe oakx lm nkc ykl jktg skn ]jktg 4sgj hrjd Cg; Fkl sd XkpEc suiv hP\hi jg jGf 4sxaSkt skg qxai j,i sdum j,kv sxXyp sjkgl sd Xk;L\fdy so skr 4Skt kgd skd suyp skdcl um j,kv aSkt hn sn ak;[fkl,c ]aSkt hn kL\di ak;L\fdy skdum skg kn,i hH ct spEc df 4gj srjd dr ykl Xkjktg klsS spEc cl sd oakx lm jGf sxXyp spEc sjkgl sd Xk;L\fdy so skr 4skyp Xgd slum j,kv X aSkt hn sn ak;L\fdy Xe Fkg j,kv Skt k;nf /akc skd Xkj,i sdum j,kv Xkg kn,i spEc akgt ]skg oakx klsS dS3Xy >el 4Xjd u hg xsk;im kdlm eg udfsy ]kvqg kyef Fkl sd uoht ,g o¨o g; 4,g hrkt yef hH knial g; hg Fkl sd suskg ;Ôque 4,g hrkt yef hH rDf' g; hg Fkl sd suyef sd uoht 4Xjd jkpof dyf,ke go df ,g jkd/fv 0lfeŸt kd rDf;¿ ds;¨zi ]skd rDf;¿ ds;¨zi ],g oHal jkpof dyf,ke 4Xy jd rtÃv lgkl ]Xy jd rtÃv Z;Äekl hd suL\skN skd Xkjkgl sd jgkc go Xe k_ke ltf ,g krdl skg eŸt kd jkpof dyf,ke jrhH sdlm Xe k_ke hlm j,kv ,g ZFel Xe sujd jkpof ;Ôque jg Xe k;ufqn ]hrki skg Cgu rlfdof 4,g hrkt skg qxai go hF rDf' hd jkpof sd nq[ skt sl susy L\di skd Xkjkpof sd Xkjlwn udfsy ,g krsy L\di skd Xkjkpof sd Xkjlwn skr Syfhlb ],g Z;Äekl hd jkpof 4kF oHalv hH kuL\di skd Xkjkpof jk/m skr Cgu ],g ZFel Xe sujd jkpof go 4,g krdl O,c jdL\di ]jduke kuiv skd Xkjkpof jk/m skt 4,g krdl jd hH jkpof dyf,ke go ,g krdl jd jkpof rDf;¿ hH skt 4,g krdl jd hH jkpof dyf,ke go ],g krdl jd jkpof rDf;¿ hH skt ],g g; go awgd slikv 5rkc hygi

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38 fo 81 egaP

4krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb 4Tg srhi Isjxlf df krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb ]hxXkg Xrnkv hlsS hH hdikv udfsy 4,g krhi skt k;x L\i Xe yd4/3fqe kNEv kyko yxc df Xkg srpskl Xkg sgj lag sl ste Syflb skg srhi u Isjxlf ikv ,g krdl skg g; 4Skv hlag hlsS hH skd Xkjlwn ji utf sxXkg jkehc sd Xkrnkv hlsS hl7rqgc hH eg df ,g Cgu yk;[ skdeg n;k' df ,g hrkv Syflb hlag skdeg j,kv 4Tg hrkv hlag skdeg g; skr 4sF sgj hi jd Ikd7Ikd sl hjskp ak;lÂfj hg xsky sd tkgt dfXk;D 4kdl kt k;ky skd tkgt lm sl yd4/3fqe hL\c k;x L\i Xe rchlqe tkgt ]Sx hi jdIkd ak;lÂfj hd tkgt go srdl Cgu dQ eg cv hxsgj rgkj skr g; ]sxXje Sqg srhi akvq/ ed sl ed hH skr sxXje udfsy Xje k; spc cv 4Sgfkp kvaq/ skdeg skr hHv ]XL\skN ji yd hd yd kgd suXkgŸm ]kxSkt gj u ;Åsk; suyp tkgt skr sxXyduf eg ct yd df skg sgj sn sIkd ak;lÂfj hd tkgt eqr df k;x skg uk'sji uI",d j,kv 4Sx hi jdIkd ak;lÂfj hd tkgt df Bx skg g; rykg j[fkv gjr Bskd u Bskd Xeg df sxy suky´pf ]sxy suskj xsky ]Sx L\i sdjd nac X[akv xsky ]Sx L\i rÂql xsky 4kF oHalv kugj sd Isjxlf kucf ]Xe tkgt lm k;x kv ukGwr dS cr j,kv Bx dwp Isjxlf udfsy 4sF htkj skd sugj s[wH so skg Bqg u BkuOfd sl sudqp sd u'kj udfsy 4k;x dwp u'kj kdum skr krdl Cgu yduf dr unf %! j,kv k;x laG tkgt kdum 4h_k; sygi3Sx h_k; Xe )#(! lki sd oqz/ jRm ],g uOfd kuL\skN slm aSkt yduf <kzi 4,g uOfd hH kuL\skN slm ]Cgu ZFv Bskd ]Cgu rfxal Bskd ]dqr Bskd Xeltf ZLliS r;kguf lb ],g uOfd kuL\skN hH skdlb udfsy `Xelb ,g rkc hl,t suskg k;D `Xelb ,g k;D 4sxXkg sgj yxki s; sxXkg sgj L\cL\x Nqd xsky s; df hxsjd skr jkpof g; hP\hi Bskd u Bskd Xe rfkt7;Ôque unf hldf u hldf skr 4srhi hH so srgd g; jIDkL skt j,kv srhi hH jGf sruql cl so kxSkt skg akyG ]kxSkt skg jlTd df srjd aSk<"sk? jIDkL sdum j,kv srkt Xe ykriÂv sllb ]srskg uk'sji sllb ]srskg jkehc sllb j,kv srjd Zp[ kl,i Xelb j,kv srykduf jgkc jGf srpC[ jnav sygi akvq/ skt ji uhet hH xsky slsS df hxsdl kv Cgu sdum hH kui´d g; dfXk;D 4hF hckj[ k;D k; sF yxki skr k; ikc7ake sjkeg df sxXpskl Xe ;ÔofH spEc skr Xe suykduf j,kv supC[ akvq/ Xelb sF srjd Zp[ k;iQ XkL\skjd7Xkcjv j,kv hxskg ukj,g hL\c 4sF srykduf j,kv F srpC[ akvq/ Xe gaqe skt sygi s s F hH xsky yxki slsS df hxskg ukj,g skr Bqg jkn>el jxv k;ufqn hHd j,kv ,g Cgu cyre jH hRj dS 4Cgu cyre hH Bskd Xeltf ],g rnkv hd hGwdosc yqdycf dS 4,g krskg yd4/3fqe kuL\skr skr ,g krxy suhi hg Isjxlf henkv dS 4,g krskg uOfd kuL\skr j,kv ],g hrskg uklkv rnkv dfXk;D 4sl Xk<jkd Bd ,g rkc hd re gf hL\c kupskl Gky[f sd rnkv j,kv ,g rnkv hjkeg hd ykl Xkjktg df Syflb d´fc g iWo kjkeg g; df ,g Cgu Syflb dofkHko g; 4,g dofkHko g; ,g krL\i Cgu lko4/3of Xeg skr ,g krdl , pskl sl iW dyf,ke rkc jg df sgd Bskd jxv nkc sd ykl Xkjktg tkv ,g hrxy rkc g; tkv hg rp4/3fuf skr 4hn sk[ su dsoof Z;Äekl hd suyp 4Sx skg qxai dÔrÂfe df kvqg g; ek<jfi kdlb ,g k;x k;k[lf uiyxki g; 4srdl jd Cgu cl ]jkpof ,g srdl jd xsky Sqg suqp Nqd skr `,g krskg k;D ,g krskg okHzi rqgc kd nek'q[ hH akgo Cgu kri 4,g krskg k;D ,g hryp ro4/3jf Bskd hH akgo Cgu kri 4krjd Cgu ji Xkxsky Nqd ],g krjd kië ji Xkxsky Nqd df ,g kl,d hH ukoxH g; Cgu kri 4,g kië hd ukoxH ji utf xsky snCuqp Sqg suqp sl sL\skF 9w;)c( ulwp8 4Xyp sl j,i uiv so df ,g dg kd Xkxsky hyk';ÅkH,kl sl sL\skF Nqd skr g; 4,g krdl yp sl j,i suiv Cgd henkv jg 4kuyp re s sl j,i suiv udfsy ]skyp j,kv sky kuc h[kl,c hH skd hldf 4Xk[j Fkg ji Xk/ad sd jhokge ]Xk[j Fkg ji s/ad sd <Ôë 4skyp j,kv Xk[j h[kl,c 4,g Cgu kr_aro Bskd hd suyp skd jkpof j,kv skd dÔrÂfe s jkeg sl ykl Xkjktg 4,g Sqg sld Xe dÔrÂfe sjkeg srwt sd sgsky sl ykl Xkjktg 4,g Bx skg hH hd dÔrÂfe sjkeg rykg hg hlsS ]krdl skg Cgu g; 4Xkg hd j,i sL\c j,kv ak;_Âf rjwlcw[ ak;_Âf df ],g krdl skg Cgd g; 4skvkugi re rwt Xe j,i sd Xk;_Âf df Tg sgj gd skd sujd Xrkc hlsS sdL\y drÂfku g; k;df Cgu sueg skt sl ykl Xkjktg 4sxXn kIef s kr;úl hjkeg sxXn jd nZkcc rkc hjkl g; 4Tg sgj jd IÔu skd rhrv sd 'sn s; ],g ue4/3qn sd kjiaji s; ],g hgskEof

iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 91 egaP

Cgu Nqd sd suId uZnx ;kolf skr Cgu 4sl dhO sky pskl eqr kxaMkv Te gcql yd df ]kgd j,kv k;nf kojd nac Xe yst skdlm ]awg krsn kd,ke kd unf dS Xg qr Te skr 4kxskg u ek<jfi Bskd j,kv sd k;¨g ;kolf skr Cgu 4skn L\skN uiyxki g; df kgd j,kv k;koyqc jdL\di su kGhy[ sd nknxc skdlm awg jcax,i Te df ]Cn jd k<"sk? su henkv dS 4stsH skd sjlwn cv df Cgu kujd skr jk/ql Bskd ]Cgu kuky skr IXeIXev Bskd skd sjlwn cv skr Bx hn gd go hF ;Åsk; sugd skt rkc hjkl `k;D ,g skd sukrc sxkv cv hn krc jdky rkc hjkl su ne gske df Tg srgd so `k;D hH rjWt jGf 4,g rjWt hd jcax,i hldf nkc sd ne gske df sruke Cgu hH ukeylqe skr nac ktkojn kd Su 4re hg skL\i Xe I>a> Syflb skr ]skvkOcf sl,d yse kdlb Fkl sdum sgj uÅu skt sl jhokge jGf skr `k;D skjd Xelb jGf ]skjd k;D jGf skr sxy su/akc BkI akolhpEi ]sxy sugd Xrkc L\cL\x Nqd akolhpEi jxv dfXk;D 4er[ kyeke lhc,kp ]Bskd krdl skg Cgu akolhpEi 4skdlb skdskj df sxaSkt skg ue4/3qn sdlm hu,t skr sgd Bskd jd2/1Fhr akolhpEi sxkv rckc s dlm cv ,g jd2/1Fhr Xolhc,kp jhokge 4Tg srdl skg dkujr[ jcax,i Su dfXk;D krL\skN Cgu 'bktaqx Syf sd Xkjcax,i Su ]ktkojn ,g krsn jd nac Ze/ jg Xe ylv 4srsn Cgu kKkv hd susn suskg jcax,i so skd hldf nkc sd ne gske ]srdl jd Cgu r4/3Zknc g; ukeylqe 4awg jcax,i Te df hn jd k<"sk? g; su henkv dS ]Xe nknxc kvqg klsS kGn dS 4Tg ryx cl go dfXk;D ,g Cgu hH ekd lki sdum Bskd df sdlb ;kolf Tg srjd knuV so df scuk;Ÿuf ,kl skn hdkc j,kv 4,g ukoxH eg ]Tg sr>el so ,g hckj[ g; ji xkenf sdutf ji uhet hHv ,g henkv ,kl uhr 4awg Te hylv ]Tg sOw> so df kF kgj jd knuV hd skn hdkc dS jg ]skn jg Syflb srdl Cgu skg uhr ukoxH Fkl hg dS j,kv sF uhr Xe syse hg dS 4kL\skN [j hg ukoxH hJ eku kuiv skr su dS 4,g ukoxH eg df ,g yk;[ g; skdutf sF nwt,ke Cgo henkv uhr ]k;x Te Xe syse dS skr sGn dS 4,g ukoxH eg df Tg srgd g; skt rDo lb ,g henkv ,kl uhr ji uhet hHv Te ,g krgd Bskd ]awg _qi kd jo4/3B Te df g krgd Bskd ]awg jd2/1Fhr Te ,g krgd Bskd awg ukoxH Te df Tg srjd aSk<"sk? g; jWt so 4Tg srgkp kukoue skdikv , skt Syflb 4,g Cgu <jkd Bskd kd sujd d' jGf skr ,g kgj gd hg nq[ ukoxH ct df sxXy uke hn´t hH j,kv eg skr 4awg ukoxH Te df sn gd j,kv sxXy uke hn´t j,kv sn gd jdktc klq? sl rdkr hurtf 4sxXy uke hn´t surm Xn gd sl jskt surtf j,kv sxXy uke eg j,kv ,g pl g; df Xn gd Bskd ]sxXy uke eg j,kv Xn gd Bskd Tg srjd lko4/3of k'seg skr eg 4Cgu hg k;df hHd urpV sueg df g; hekyqx hd ykl Xkjktg j,kv Xkjd urpV dyf,ke awg kgj gd slikv skr Te skr ],g yd4/3fqe kuL\skN skdub 4,g h[j jd hEdb aSkrL\t jktg sueg hlsS Xe ue L\ske lm j,kv ,g Lwe ],g dIfsk;Lfb Labke kjkeg ],g hgo krL\t `,g ZdG Bskd Xelb ],g rkc UHf Bskd sl suhi Isjxlf g; 4héi hjse hy hg pC[ suikv s l endS ]hn jd ng hH suikv syskc sl>qe j,kv 4Sqg rp4/3Vuf so jd /akc sF u,psc surb so dr cr Cy u /akc uXkgŸm dr ct hy /akc ]Cy lifko héi sl hn´t suXkgŸm héi g; 4skg Sx yduf <kzi ikv sl,t df Sx kL\c? surb ikv s s l susy pC[ sd héi g; j,kv awg ke¨kv Cgu jhj' Te skg srgd skr ikv ]Bx skg ng ]kgd slum suTe 4skg hy sy ke¨kv hdum uTe sl,t df Sx kL\c? slsS go 4Cy pC[ héi hdum suTe ]sF Sqg s/akc héi ji gaqe go 4kF kgj jd rkc Te sl q/kl dS s 4Sx yduf <kzi sl,t df sxy klsS skr Skt k;nf L\skr Msut kdikv jxv ]Tg Xrkc UHf Bskd g; 4Sx skg deÃk/ eg ,g krpskl Sqg s/akc hlÂj dS sl jed Sqg s/akc Msut henkv dS 4Sx skg deÃk/ eg ,g kr>el krsy kxy dyrf henkv dS 4k;x skg deÃk/ Te df kr>el Cgu skr g; kyko suhi Isjxlf ed7sl7ed 4k;x skg deÃk/ Te df ,g kgj >el jdkxy kdhI j,kv rkc ,g UHf Bskd sl suhi Isjxlf ],g ZFv Bskd Xelb sl gcql g kgj kxy kdhI henkv dS 4ZFv k;D sllb ]/acal k;D sl suktc hIa? lb 4awg kgj k;D jd g; Te df sxaSkt skg ukj,g , skr sxXpskl j,kv {iÔuf kL\skF jxv 4Sqg sO,c suekl sd ukoxH Tg sgj ktc hIa? dS ikv k;D ]Xelb ,g hjkn>el Bskd ]Xelb ,g ZdG Bskd ]rnkv UHf Bskd sl suhi Isjxlf 4,g krktc hIa? suekl sd ukoxH jdO,c gcql7gcql henkv dS

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 02 egaP

4g krkt kg rlfzx e ku/c Su7Su jkv kvkui¥d Bu7Bu jkv T s X X a , X , ykt eH Su7Su jkv krki tk[ Cgu kr rDfe d‘r¬fe ji kjkpof7lkc jk/m sl z , s s q X s S ]ukK slsS ]Xknç' slsS 4g k;x k;yf [hl ;®l df g krkt kg kni eH g; jkv s , , s , z , g rkt Syf [hl nç' 4g rkt Li jWt e eH lb g xy uukt udfy ]Cgu T s T s \ X z T s s s s rukt Nd eg l krk0lf jkv k_¬k' sl kjkpof j,kv knç' d kjln ]l ukK d q s X a , X X X s X w s s X w X kjln 4kg I‘i¬ ]kg hL?m ]kg hy[ kt ]g hrkg dkujr[ l hjkehc lm kg hdP X \ X q s , s s X kt hjkehc go jkv g krkt dP ]g krkt jWt iNf ]Cgu kr krIef ukKv kjk s , , , s eg kjk} dlm df g dkujr[ knk; Syflb go 4g dkujr[ knk; hH sl ukK s , , v jkeg ]g kryef l kjln eg kt ]ukK go 4hd yd sueg rkc hd uLkr lm s T s X w X s s s\ s ]g u/c kygi kt ]okdIv kygi kt ]k/kc hygi kt e tk[ hd ;®l d ;‘ue , a s s s X s s q ]ue®kv ;if jse z s
4Xjd xsk;zi kd uk;Ö eg jGf 4awn k>el skdikv Xe /acal sd uk;Ö sd rkj rkc skn hl hL\skF skr sxXO,c Syf sd uk;Ö sd rkj ]hg kurb Syf sd rkj hHv 4kxaWd jkpof slikv yd Xe /acal sdum u4/3zi Nqd j,kv Xrkc j,kv Xe /acal lb 4,g krdl skg eŸt kd uoht Su dS j,kv 4hxSkt skg uhyof go skr Xjd lk;zi ikv kd sukxt hH <jdf hl7hIskN hd dsoof jxv udfsy ],g krL\t hd ykl Xkjktg skr 4,g krkt Ief sl s;hn hg dS kjs/av kd ykl jktg kjs/av kd unf dS ]Cgu kxaMkt Te Syflb 4awg kukjqi ykl jktg tkv Te kxsgd Cgu g; kjs/av go 4kxSkt Ief kjs/av go skr sy kyt tkv eg k;nf dS Syf sd sukIef skd sjs/av lm hH skr 4skg kjH kjs/av sl ykl Xkjktg Xe j? dS df ,g g; rkc hl chtv hL\c Nqd df 4g g; skr rkc hd ;Âgj sL\c j,kv ,g krdl xkt go sxXjd re gf unf ltf ikv j,kv ,g nwt,ke jrhH go 4krdl Cgu , je go udfsy ,g hrdl skg hL\[ ykohn Gjr Xkjkp sd dsoof lm 4hrdl jd Cgu IÔu ],g hrdl /akc ],g hrdl jd Cgu IÔu hekyqx Bskd skd dsoof lm dfXk;D ],g nwt,ke dsoof go ],g hrdl jd urpV dyf,ke skt 4,g nwt,ke rfsk; go hH nkc sd hekyqx hd ykl Xkjktg jrhH sdikv ]awgkp kujd unsouf ]awgkp kukynf lko4/3of slikv Te udfsy 4sgd rkc hd suP\p ji 'kdkv Bskd sltf ,g rkc hd jwn hL\c skr g; ,g krxy klsS skdikv skr urpV dyf,ke awg krgd slikv Te ct Gky[f sd hekyqx lb j,kv ,g hekyqx hd ykl Xkjktg g; 4,g Cgu hekyqx df unf skn dS g; ]kxsOm yk;[ u ]kxsOm jkpof u ]kxsOm Zdr u kjkeg 4sxXy jd eg ]skjd lko4/3of df Skt hn gd rkc hH Bskd sleg 4,g hrdl kt Bkojd lko4/3of rkc hH Bskd Xeg 4Tg Sx skg hnkv sd sujd lko4/3of eg 4Tg srsy jd lko4/3of eg Xn gd jdkv hHr udfsy kvqg ukj,g rqgc go skr cv 4,g hgj skg hdDi rkc ]k;x skg Wq' kuys> go ]hxXL\i huys> Xrchlqe hL\c 4awg kgj tsH s>qr df kF k;nf gd hg sygi sl>qe su ukoxH skr g; ],g kujd Xg qr skt skjd eqr skr kgj krskg skr g; ]k;nf kyif jgt skd rkjdql ]k;nf kdIy ji hywl skd IÂbk¶ sk[sn ]Cgu hrskg aSk;¨g hd Xkjcax,i 4k;x uc ekd skr jGf lc skr Cn jd k;¨g hjse sueqr j,kv 4awg jcax,i Te df kxskg 0lf g; hg kurm ]sxskvkrl s>qe kurtf eqr j,kv ,g hI,kld skr g; skr 4,g kgj krskg k'seg kukt k;krl skd Xkjcax,i ]hgj hrkv ji Xkjcax,i hH sygi k'seg Xrchlqe skr g; 4awg jcax,i Te df ,g krskg 0lf hg; sllb ]awg Cgu jcax,i Te df ]krskg Cgu 0lf g; sllb 4,g hg hrkv skr Xrchlqe k'seg ji Xkjcax,i df Cgu kri g; Xg qr ]skg yxki sL\c eqr kgd sulm ]kxy sulag go 4k;df jkpof7kpskl Nqd _ef ]kgd su kGhy[ ]kgd sulm su kGhy[ 4kF kvqg kO,c lki sd sHa[ dS kvqg k/ac Xe Xkjhtat go ]kGhy[ k;x suyef sllm gk'nkc gcql ]k;nf jd nac skdlm 4,g Cgu rjWt sl akg; sd ukoxH hd suky Xckrdf Bu7Bu j,kv Bskd cv ]Sgfkp skt ,g cl Xe ukjqd r"kel ekd ]k;x skg lc 4Cgu kjlwn j,kv Bskd cv ne gske ywlj kdlm ,g dS j,kv ke¨keji ,g dS 4,g Cgu jcaxi Bskd sxkv cv jcax,i hj[fkv , ne gske ]Xgd jcax,i skd suiv Bskd df srdl jd Cgu r4/3Zknc eg rkc g; j,kv 4,g ryx rkc g; j,kv kxskg

iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 12 egaP

kl dikv kd henkv dS 4sxSki jd ei ikv Sjfd ei lb Syfp df gd jkv s s a zs zs s wa , wa n kOcf suekl dikv kd henkv dS e kr ]kujd ei g e lc dikv g; ]k;df s s T s zs , X s ei sue df g hg; eg rgd udfsy 4g Cgu rjd ikv g krkt kg ]lig Ib kv zs T T s , s , s a , g ei df g dhO kugd hg; ]k;df ei sue df g ryx kugd g; df ]kd rkc q zs , zs T , s lb rfkH7hyH g rukt so ]g krkg kni e uoht dutf ei 4g k;df ei u jkv a T s , s , X s zs , zs , g hd k<? uikv u ]g k;df /k∂ hHd uikv u ]rkc g; g O> ]k;df /k∂ , 1 s , s s , w s sue df g hg; tkj rgd eg udfsy 4g Cgu ikv yko ujd kd /k∂ lb ]g Cgu T T s s T s s s s , dyfke ikv d /k∂ lb 4g krkv Om /k∂ jrhH kr n n kdD/ Bkd lo ]Skt s s , s s X s s s , yp k[i jkv n kcn uIc Bkd lt g d_fk; ydycf go ]g Cgu doijkpof a , X s s , T a q , Z w dikv go ]g Cgu l'kd ]g Cgu urpl go ]g krOm /k∂ kt jrhH dikv kr s , a T s , s s s s s s n n kdD/ kdikv Bkd 4F Sg ryfkp rfkH hd uh'e dS yod ]F Cgu yko s s s q a s s s s ujd e /k∂ ikv jkv g kvg /k∂ ]g Cgu k;df /k∂ kxLi Bk[nf kr x>el k X s , , q s T s s \ s s X LkF udfy ]jkc rgc kxkg kpkl uikv klS k;df /k∂ uikv 4g kvg /k∂ df s\ s q s s s s s s , q s k; e uoht dr tkv g k;df hHd suikv /k∂ df g kpkl g; hHd uikv hHd X , s , s s k;D udfy ]k;df /k∂ ue yd3kxkg kgd jkc Bd uikv 4g kyko ujd e d s s s T s s wa s T f g yk;[ g; lm ]g krjd e g yk;[ g; lm ]g kryp e df g yk;[ g; T s wa T T s wa T , s lm ]g jhtat hLc lcl e uoht dlm yk;[ g; jkv g yk;[ g; lm udfy T \ s X s , T s s ]g krkt k;kyp yod ]g Cgu kryp hH ;‘ue 4g Cgu hryp g hrkt Bkyp , s , q T T X uh'e 4g gj Cgu yp ]g gj kt Skyp [i ]kxkg ukKv kd k[i kr g gj yp T s T s s a s X a s T s eg df Skt kg kni eH g; kd k[i ub jxv ]g k;nf jd W' kuyp ukgüm s , z s X a T q s X jkv g hn kcn suIc hdum sueg ]g gj yp [i ]rfkH hd _; dS ]rfkH hd u , T T s s a a a a h'e dS g krht 4krht Cgu rfkH hd ke®kv dS ]krht Cgu rfkH hd lul'kd T a a s a dS ;‘ue ]Cgu rfkH hd kurp dS ]g krht rfkH hd _; chjd7chjd ;‘ue q a s , a a q 4g kOw> hH /kc kd ed dlm ]g kO> hH /kc kd ukg krd dlm T s Z s , w s s s Z s ]g kO> kdlm kr ukK 4g krjd Nd go df g eH hH g; kd ;‘ue df g g T w s , q , z s q , ; rkc hjln go 4g Cgu uOfd kuy >el hH lm kr Bx hd ''fkd dowi>el w T s s s s Z hH hLkF udfy ]e su>el hxkg ewyke yd4/3fe hH jkv n;k' go 4g hujd s\ s X s q , T kpp likv ji rkc uOfd hl hLkF jkv tkv 4g Cgu ukK kjkeg ukK kd kjlwn Z s s\ , , X df kF uklkv hH jGf kr kusy >el kd hLd hygi jkv3kxWd rkc likv ji s s \ , a s hL\d hjln dS jkv tkv 4Cd rkc likv e /cl lb ue yd kt hF hL\d hy w , s X a a s T s gi g; 4g k;yf jd kL[ ji kjkpof d kjln jkv jk/m ueg kt ]g Cgu BkuO T \ X s X w , s s T fd Bkd e ukt jxf d uoH lm kr aSkt kv jH <je¬ g; 4g Cgu ukK7ukK g s X s s s T o ]g Cgu k;ht u ke®kv hje ltf ]g Cgu kukpgi u ;nÔ jse ltf ]k;yf Cgu T s s s T s s s uyknkv e kxki je ultf ]g Cgu oHuv kje kt ]kukt Cgu ue kt ]g Cgu k s a X X az s s s , q s s s T s , je kt df kg eg jH xLVI¬jLv g; >el g; ]Skt kv eg jH <je¬ g; ]kxk s s s X T a a X s g kujd Cgu hH lk;i Bkd Syf d uLkN kd ukK lb 4g hjWt kuLkN ukK g; z s s s s\ s , s\
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 22 egaP

4g rjd /k∂ ikv df sxdl >el eg kr ]kg u kr gkp T s s X s s s s u ikv jkv kg /k∂ jrhH dikv jxv df ]hxsdl kg llb hIkld hd rkc lb , s s s s s , 4g dyfke kdub e g rgd j,kv g srxy ujd k< wa T T s T s "k? hd o®efko¬ eg dum ]g ydufde ]d_fk; ydycf Sk;∂f hjkl kt sl h> s s , s , a q a s elku rgc jkv suktuv rgc _' je ]_ef je ]k<? hje ]ei kje ]/k∂ kjse q , q q s s s s 1 s zs s s g krgd e jkv g krOm Hky ]g krOm ekd ]g krOm /k∂ 4g kgj y e ]lko wa T , , s , , s wa s T 4/3 hje g krgd e udfy g hryp lko4/3 eüt kje g krgd e udfy ]g s wa T s , s wa T s , kreüt uoht 4g krkv Cgu hH Cgd e Cgu ]g rfÎho¬ Bkd hje ]g jkd/fv Bk wa T , s s , s d kje ]ji eüt je g 'o Bkd kje ]uhldf kF kNi l>e 4g unfeüt kje df s ss , s s s w s q , s g ryx kugd g; 4elb g krkv kgd e ]g hgj kt ]g hgj kv lko4/3 df g , X wa T , , , dhO kugd hg; ]g kgj y lko4/3 e df g ryx kugd g; kr 4rdl kIky C wa s T , s s , gu lm eg kr g kd suIky Cgu jkv Bx hyp jgkc lko4/3 kt df g rukt r s s , s , , s T s fkH7hyH eg udfsy 4kukt yp hg Syf lko4/3 ikv hxSkt kg hL[ q;®e 4g o a s s \ 1 , Hlv hukg q;®e hdikv jGf kr7kr g gj sy lko4/3 ikv 4hxkg hgd Cgu hHd a s 1 s s T s s s u henkv rkc hOw> knk; llb 4g kgj sy lko4/3 e df g hg; eg rgd ud s wa T , s fy 6g hgj kt kv jgkc jkv jrhH kt g Cgu dyfke hH d lko4/3 huiv ikv s , , s , s 6hxskg rIf? q;®e g dyfke d q;®e huiv ikv u 6g kyef kdikv uoht g d 1 , s 1 , s T yfke d uoht uiv ikv u 6g Sg kni ikv g dyfke d eüt uiv ikv u 4g s s T q , T s s wa kgj jd e df g eH kd kRd g; jkv Cgu yko ujd dum eg 4g srkg sleg T , z Z , s s s T s o xSki eg kr hH kd ked uiv jkv jd <"y4/3of dhO7dhO kd Rpf eg s s a s ˜ s , X s jxv 4g hje kulko g; ]kxkg hg; g krgd go n;k' udfy ]g Cgu /kc Bkd , s s , s , s s ]g Cgu 'kg Bkd lm kdlm ]g urpv ydycf kulko go 4g Cgu dyfke go , s s s , s q , kdltf udfsy ]g krki Sg rxkt go ltf ]g hrxy uxkt kulko Bu Bkd jr , q s s , s s hH dlm ]g k;yf jkHm ohr dS ]su lDl ]u ekd jrhH dlm df g krki du s , z , s s , kpv jkv g krkg ko; kpπc ]g k;ki lm uikv ]Cgu 4g k;df kni uikv slm g , , s q , s s , , s , dyfke d lDl ikv ]g lDl jrhH dikv ]g k;df kni kd Hky uikv ]g dy s , , , s , , s s s , fke d Hky uiv ikv ]g Hky jrhH dikv 4g Cgu o®efko¬ Bkd kjkeg eltf s s s , s s , s X ]r;dfyke Bkd hjkeg eltf 4g rfkH hd _; dS uoht kji kjkeg k;r;ükekl s X , a a w 4g gj jd jkgo;ø rfkH hd uh'e ikv jkv g ekyx ikv dlm ]g Cgu T s a , , q s , dyfke ikv dlm g kgj kg uktuv dikv kt 4rdl kg Cgu dyfke ikv dlm s , s s s s s s s g kgj kg sukt kucf dikv skt jkv g kgj kg ukt kucf dikv kxkg kuktuv g , s s , , s s s s o ]kxkg kld go g rjd /k∂ ikv ct kr g rki jd Cgu /k∂ jkc hH dS j sX , T s s s T s s dukt ikv ct 4g ;uHfv ]g hO> jkv g xIDVS cl g; jkv g Cgu /k∂ Bkd , , w , , , , s s jrhH sxSki ikv udfy lhi rkn ikv gkp jkv /kc k;Øfe ikv gkp 4g kgj a s X a X , X a a q s , Om Cgu /k∂ Bkd df sxSki ikv hd ujd /k∂ xjd ''fkd ikv hurtf 4xSki s s a s s s X s s a jd /k∂ ikv ]Sjfd /k∂ ji lb Syfp df Skt kgd jkv Skt k;nf kOcf ue s s , s
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 32 egaP

s n hykx kt dyfke kdikv g kjln ]g rdl kg ld dyfke d /k∂ lb ikv 4g s , w T s s s , s s , /k∂ kt ]g krkt kg Wq' kukg Nd jrhH dikv df hrki kg Cgu hH r"kel h s s , s s q s s ykx hdlm 4hrkg Bx pgi dr ikv df hrki kg Cgu hH hji hykx hdlm 4g d s qa s w T s p y ikv k;D g rki ikv jkv krki Cgu hH n go ]Cgu 4g rki jd jkdb sl q s T s , s T s a uy ikv cr g krsn hykx kr ckot Bkd udfsy ]g dyfke kuiv e 4g krjd j s s , s s wa T wa kdb l suy e ]k;yfkx ; sxkn kdldf 4xkIkc kdldf kxLi kukt y lifko hH a s s T a s s s s X s s \ s X q X gér ]kg Skv jdsy k;yfkx er ]Sx Li e yd4/3fe hLc er ]kgd u 0c kr a q \ X q \ q s q s 4hxkg hn Ikc kd kpπ s a s X c uiv ]sxkg Sx y j? uiv ]kgd su hldf l e LhH 4kxkg k;df k;D ukgüm ] s X s s s X \ s s X Sx y liko o kr g kjH Ii kje 2k_ef kgd lum ue jkv F Skv jdy k;bk s s s , s s X s s T , s s a Oef jkv yG jkv yG xky Nd e okx yNif dfk;D `xkvkt y kgd `xkjd , , w s q X a s X s s s a s s k;D kd k;yfkx ub cv ]sxkLi e yd4/3fe hLc er ]g krjd jkdb l uy Te X s \ X q \ q wa a s s s udfsy 4hxkg <iFv hykx kr hHr ]Sgfkp kuy >e ]k;nf uer 4Sgfkp kukg j s Z w Z s s s q s q s knhxkH kr hH e ]kg e usn7usy lb hg hLkF ydv er udfy ]kykc ueqr dhO s T s X s\ s s q s s s udfy 4dl ykc nç' jH"of urb er kr hHr hxskg hy> kLhi hurdf eyke u s X s s s q s s \ w s q , uer jkv Skv e hjgikn hjH lb jgkc d okx er ]k;kOm eJ hd ruge u X s s a q s s er 4g krjd jkdb l suy k;yfkx e udfsy ]dhO hn k;yfkx uer 4g dyfke q wa a s s a T a s q wa kuiv e ]g kvg kxkt e cv ]F dyfke je er cr ]kF kvg k;kl ct e ]gj T wa q T s ss q q s T s Cgu dyfke je er cv 4krdl kg Cgu jrhH je hgo kgkp kt er cv jkv ss q s ss s s q , g kvg kxkt e cv ]kg Skv rDoc Lc er 4kF kukv ygi ykl ln ]kF krkg wa q T s s s \ q s s cl ]kF kvg k;kl ]kF Cgu rxkt ]kF Cgu urpl rfi d uoht uiv e 4kF r q s z s z s s T F¬fiuv e ]kF Cgu nwtke e dfk;D 4kF krkg cl cr ]hF hrkg k<? ]kF krkg q T , T X s s 1 s /k∂ cr ]kF Sgfkp kukv ygi ykl ln 4g hn jd jn hLkF uer ]kgd u 0c s s , s s\ s q s q 4 kvg Cgu kni /k∂ Bkd jrhH dikv k;D 9rkc hjH"of8 ]nç' dutukeiv k;y q , s s s X a fkx g hn sueg `k;D Bx kg hji rkc hdikv g kukt okx jln >e df gd g; , s w X , a s w s q X s l rfk' hurb ikv df 4g hgd rkc hlsS Bkd k;D ueg kgd ukgüm jkv Sg uk a , X s s s X , q jg LkF o 94g kupgi hn¥t okx jlwn >e ]Mkt e kr kg Bx kg hji rkc hjkg , s s\ s , qa a s s q a T s s s w ér jxv 2k_ef je8 ]kgd u 0c nkc jsn hLkF 4Cn k;yfkx rgc jkv k;yf js? q X ss s q s\ a q , ji r¬kj kd 0c sukgüm jkv xky 0∂ d okx o 4hF hLi Ikp ji k;PfW rxk s s q X , s q s a s \ s X \ jiji hdum df hF hgd rkc hlS Nd u 0c jkv hF Bx ygf Lt d ke/ ukj a X s q s q , X \ s ˜ s i dum df 4hF hgd rkc hlsS Nd su 0c F e /k∂ Lc o 4gd nç' dutuke q s X q q s X s s \ s s iv jkv Cn k;yfkx skd 0c jdkv u kxky Nd 4yduf l lki d okx dS 0c , a q s X s q s s s a q 4g BkuOfd hLc kr cr ]g krkg cl kr gkp kuc , \ s , s s s f dikv jxv udfy 4g dyfke ikv d /k∂ ]g krd ikv d /k∂ df x>el e s s , s s , Z s s s X g kr ]kg u /k∂ kr gkp jkv kg /k∂ kr gkp ikv ]n hykx kdikv henkv dS s s s s s , s s s s s s
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 42 egaP

jr hdlm g dyfke kdikv 4hrP\p Cgu Gjr hd jiM ]g hrjrm Gjr hd ph , , s u hH jk/ hd /k∂ hg lsS 4g hrjrm jkv hd phu jk/ hd hnu lt df Syflb s s , s s s , s \ Li kukt hi 4kxLi kukt hi /k∂ kuiv kdikv n;k' kr 4n ykc nç' skn e sl s \ s s s X s X ¬x jkv Skt jH l /k∂ dyfke kdikv jkv kg rjd ekd e jr)c(n dS ikv q , s s , s s X 4tkj g kgj kg klsS 4kxkg dkujr[ hH jkv kt xxy ukg Idi l kr¬kj jl s , s s , s s X s s z s X s w n Zed dlm ]aSkulko hdlm ]/k∂ kdlm kr y kcn go hr¬njct rfkH hldf s s s X a jxv jkv krdl kg Cgu dyfke hH e ukcn go ]g Cgu dyfke e ujd kni d , s X s , X s , s um kt 4g krdl kg dyfke ld hH e ukcn dum go ]g Cgu dyfke e ujd s , s s , X s s , X s kni ji um kt dfk;D 4kxLi Cgu dG Bkd ]y kcn kd kvkulko huiv go k; , s X s \ Z s X s X D 4kxLi Cgu dG Bkd lm e sukcn ]Xy kcn kd /k∂ uiv go k;D 4jd k;D g s \ Z s s X s s s X o udfy g e u/c jgx Lc go ]g kj?f ;‘que kt e phc d kukn ub 4yko u s , X a s s \ , s X s X s s s kv l jgkc edrfi jkv yko ukv l jrhH urpv ]jkeg g ed d gjr kn 4x s Z z , s s s s s , Z s s s kg gj u Sg jH l 'kg ]xkg gj u urpl ikv e ukv dum udfy ]xkg Skv X s q s s s s X s s X s s s s X l jrhH kt 4sxkg Sdf ed Nd ]kg k;kv l jrhH uiv okHofv kdltf 4kg s s X Z q s s s Z s kvg kni l jrhH dikv kt ]g k;df ed klS Bkd hHd uikv 4g u'DSjf go q , s s s , Z s s s , ]g Cgu ed go ]g ed7rfi go ]g hn rfx kdlm l jgkc u hldf 4kvg Cgu , Z , Z z , s s s q kni l jrhH dikv go g krkg kni /k∂ kt kr ]n n kdD/ kdikv henkv dS , s s , s , s s s X s s 4Skt k;nf jd kni jrhH jkeg l jgkc , s s s kt kxgd lm u'DSjf ]ed7rfi jkv kg rHjofv l jrhH jkeg kt g krkg g wa s Z z , s w s s s , s o ed ]g ed7rfi ]g Cgu hH ed ]ed jkeg rkc hjln 4rfkH d uh'e ]yd Z , Z z , Z Z s w a s ufsd,e ]g kgj gd d_fk; e kd ked jkeg Syflb rkc hygi 4g Cgu eg /kc wa a T s ˜ s , X s Bkd ]g krkg k;D 4g jkd'f dlm eg jkv g krkg Nd 4srkg eyke Cgu knk; s , s X , s , , s q s w n;k' l L\koy[f dS eg e Fkg d krdkr h/v ]g Cgu kri hH Nd 4g krskg s X s X a , q , kni lDl k;D ]g kri kdikv 4g krkg kni Hky k;D ]g kri kdikv 4g krkg k , , X , s , s , s X , s , s ni jkdgv jrhH dikv k;D ]g kri kdikv 4g krkg kni /k∂ jrhH dikv k;D , a s X , s , s , s s X ]g kri kdikv 4jrhH dlm rkc ; g hgj kg k;D ]g Cgu kri Bkd hH n[ sl , s s X s , s X , s q m 4g kgj jd k;D go ]g Cgu kri hH n[ lm 4g kgj jd ]g kgj jd Cgu sl , X , q s , , iW urpl rDo rjd güm ;‘ue 6g Fv kje l d_fk; ]g d_fk; ed d ;‘ue s s X q , Z s s a , a Z s q 4g krgkp kugd likv gcl hd tkv ygi lcl rkc wa s q s s X kn ; 4Cgu hH 9u'DS8 ]g 9lu'DSjf8 go ]g ed7rfi o g Cgu dhO kugd hH s s , , Z z s , Zed güm ]g ed surtf d ;‘ue ]kjln 4g d_fak; hHl g ed urtf d ;‘ue X , Z s q w , , Z s s q ]kygi 5g krgkp kugd likv ;ƒr kn e /cl lb ]g Sx Sdf kni l jgkc wa s s X a a T , s Xkukn 4g Cgu kjkeg hH [n go 4g rkt kg h[n eg ]g krn n hykx henkv dS s , q T s s q , s s 4g Cgu hjkeg Igkjd¬e jkv krUli hjkeg go , q q , z 4g rkt kg Uli eg jkv g krn ykc nç' Ohe kn henkv dS ]g kgj kyp Bk T s s z , , s s s s , s d kdcl eg ]g ryfkp l jgkc cl eg ]hckp hdikv g e Fkg dlm 4g kgj s T s , X s ,
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 52 egaP

kd ke huiv kxjd k;D kpπc 4kF k;nf u dyfke dlm ]kd krif dlm e jr) s a s s s s s X c(n g; 4g kgj kv d jd k_k; l jwn hLc /k∂ g; df kxkg Cgu hH kri kd , s s \ s s s pπc jkv kxIhi kpπc g; tkv 4g krgkp kugc kt g xo Bkd jrhH dlm gj s , s , s , s s s r hd uh'e ]g krgkp kugc kt ]/k∂ g kØdb jrhH dlm 4g hgj tk[ <jkd , s s , s , s go tkv ]hxSkt hyp rp4/3fuf jtu tkv ]hF Bx u jtu hdlm hHd ji lb udfy kF kgj krkv d jd snx Lid l yd¬ tkj kpπc dfkykg ]kg Sx kv s s a s \ s w s a s d jd nax er sLid df gd go g krdl kg 4hxSkt Li Bk[nf lm tkv 4hF s s q \ X , s \ s hLi Cgu Bk[nf lm rkc g; dr yd udfy 4kF kgj krkv jdLkG ckrdf tk \ s s \ X s j kpπc dfkykg ]hykL LkG ckrdf suer df gd go g krdl kg ]kxkg Cgu /c a \ q X , s s a a s l Bkd kd pπc e ujke lb 4hxjke kd spπc jkv hxtk[ kukgc Bkd go jkv s X s s s , s s s , kxIky l yd¬ kpπc kdlm e jn hLkF 4kd rfi klt g krjd ekd hg klo hH s , s w X s s\ , , , ue kd hu®i udfy 4hxSkt hi kdlb hu®i df g yG kd uok[lf hd "o kjk s s , Z X tg 4g dhO cl go jd jkgo;ø hH Bkd jkv jd hH Nd eg jkv kutwi kdeg , X s , X q , s ]g ke®keji eg ]g krosn eg df g k;k>el su k;rfi s; k;k>el uldf g; j , , T X s , , kv g kron rfi s; 4g ke®keji rfi df g k;x k;k>el kdlm "o kjktg dfk; s , , s Z X X D 4hxdl gd Cgu hH Nd n;k' likv hu®i ]g rdl jd ukeiv ]g rdl sn s q s T s T s hykx ]g rdl jke ikv kd hu®i 4g gj kgc kdlm jdtk[ ukgc O> ikv g k T s s T s s s s s w , rgkp kugc go ]g Skv Syf Sdf kØdb ikv kdlm kF kvg kni jkv Cgd /k∂ T s q , , s ]g d_fk; ydycf g; df sxSki kr sx>el kLkF jxv udfy ]g hd hryx u , a q a s X s\ s , s hu®i 4/k∂ kje g LbkGhI¬t ydycf t;kt ydycf df kxxy klS kdikv jkv s s , q q s s s , xLi II ji hu®i huiv jdtk[ kukgc Bkd jkv Skt j? ikv jkv Bx yH s X \ w s s , , w go df kg u hH yk;[ lm ]g krdl kg urpv ydycf hH kuyH go 4g Cgu s s , s s q w , htkj Rpf kdlm kdikv kun utkH kOhe tkv df F oLd urb o F gd nç' s s s s \ s s s X s s kt llm uikv rkj yd df 4kg <jkd lb df g krdl kg hH kuyH go jkv s s , s w , Skt yH kuykL deu go e utkH g krdl kg 4kd uLkG Nd ]kd uLkr Nd w X s , s s s s\ q s s s\ q ]kd ujd Nd g kgj n dD/ jrhH /k∂ go dfk;D jxf l jkt Syflb hykF j s s q , s s s X X s s , s kv kg Bx kcn kd /k∂ jrhH dlm kt kg gd nç' Nd u ulkLi hdlm df g s s s s X s q s s \ , krdl kg 4g krdl kg <jkd jkv Bkd hH e udIi hykF hdlm jkv n dIi s , s , s X s , X s s l jkt rDo rlkji utkH hykF go g krdl kg 4g ukgc lhpπi lki sdlm j s s s , s , s kted rgc henkv g dofkHko¬ df kt kxSkt yef kukgc Bkd e hu®i jkted s q , s s X s jkv g kgj tk[ k;D g; e df g Cgu hH yk;[ kdikv kdltf ]g kgj tk[ , wa s T , s wa s kukgc e df g Cgu hH kri kdikv kdltf ]sxy tk[ ikv kukgc Bkd jdkv j T , s X s s ? 4g krdl yduf ji hu®i jkted kr ]krdl yduf Cgu go ji dyfke rct , s s w e ]xaSkv y j? uiv jdykgél kdlm 4sxaSkt hi kdlm udfy kxkg kgj ycm s s s s s s s /k∂ jrhH ]Igkjd¬e go hxkg hO> 4sxgj rkjd¬e l jiM xSkt hi ikv Syfl s q q s w X s q q s s a b g krdl uc u4/3i kd <je7uoht go 4g dkujr[ kukPp jk/ hd /k∂ G , z , \ s
iEsd jqi;nm

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4l hjk[Hf g Cgu /cl Bkd elb ]Cgu ydycf k;n s , a a s X q ji hjk[Hf elb ]g xke d_fk; ydycf hd r"fr hd jkdgv je kun g; d X , a a q 1 a s s s f g Cgu hH kri kdikv jkv g hgj kg r"fr hd jkdgv dikv ]g hgj uc kO , s , , s 1 a s , ‘rfi hdikv e ue dum 4g gj [sn kdikv o df l kxky L[ lki7lkv /cal z X s T s s s s X s s \ a kd usn ]kd un Cgu /cl hH Bkd l hjk[Hf dfk;D ]kvkt xkH df xn kIg ]kx s s s a a s s X s s X kg Cgu r"r jkdgv kdikv e sydv ue d_fk; kdikv 4hd uki likv g Cgu s 1 a X s a s s , 'bktx Bkd e sydv ]g krpc likv go e ysdv ]g krtk[ kdikv e LhH k qa s X s , s X s , s s X \ 'eg hjk[Hf Syflb 4g hgj yef r"fr kd jkdgv dikv ]g Cgu /cl Bkd sl s , 1 s a s , a a s hjk[Hf ]g hgj Pc rt b hdikv e k[kv hd k;efnkv uhr ]kn df g hgj sn , \ X X a X s T rfx kd jkdgv dikv [kv hd kyko su[n uhr o ]g ntke yko u[n henkv s a s X a X s s T w , s s s uhr so `k;D ]sxn knk; jkv sxn Nd kdlm ikv df g dke ouk;üuf e kl kr X X , X q s , s , X X , s X kg Fkl dikv _ef jkp dikv jxv udfy ]n li Nd kdlm ikv df g Cgu s s s X s , q s , hH kdke dS e kl kr Skt yef kydv kdikv hjk[Hf ji r¬kj jxv k;df y , X , s s s s k;[ hHd uikv 4kjd klsS ]g hgj jd rjfi kdlm kF¬o;ø d_fk; huiv df j s X , zs s a rhH dlm ]g /cl Bskd e ujke kIkp u ]g /cl Bkd l hjk[Hf Xe sun [hH s , a a X s a , a a s s s go kr u 4gxt hd [hH ]kxgkp kujke kIkp kd hjk[Hf g; kd >kl ]Bx kg h s s a s a s Ødb rfk'v hd jHunf dfk;D ]kxn Cgu [hH henkv hg; kd >kl 4e rykg r a X s s a X a k' lb g krdl n [hH g; df g krsn Syflb [hH g; ]g rjWt kd hjk[Hf , s , , s df krn Cgu Syflb [hH g; 4g krdl n [hH hg kr kg rak' kLkF g; jxv g s , s s s s\ , henkv d_fk; kt g; dfk;D ]g krdl kg ekd kd un [hH nkc d ukg Sg S a s X , s s s s s s q kl hd jH rkj 4g krdl sn [hH henkv k;kl kd jHrkj dfk;D ]g hrkt yef s , s X , gcl [hH 4kxdl n Cgu [hH henkv uk'ji kd jHunf ]g krukt go dfk;D k q s s s , X rkv Cgu uxke [hH hjk[Hf Bkd kd >kl 4kxkg k[n Cgu ]k[n rxke [hH kd s a s s a s s s s a s Xk;jfk[Hf kd >kl hHd suikv 4uxke [hH ]g ryduf hjk[Hf e okx gcql t s a s a T s X a kj ]k[n uikv 4g d_fk; hg hlsS k;Rfo hjkl hd uoht jkeg ]hgd rkc dS s s s T a a 1 s s T s ue kr hd /k∂ ; ]g kgj kg cl g; 4krOm Cgu hH ykol Bkd kr kd ujd d s s , s s s s hO lm ]g Cgu hg dyfke e kd sujd kd rkc ltf dfXk;D ]g kuil kd jn rg s wa T , w q c kr kujd dhO jkv g kgj jd e kr u 5g O> rkc kukn 4g kgj jd e jkv s , wa T s , w X X s wa T , g kgj jd dhO ydycf g kgj jd e kt df g srxy ujd lklgv klS jdkj wa q wa T s T s s gO rD;;k;ü tkj7tkj eg kd jkgo;ø lb d¥fc ]kg jkgo;ø klt uh'e ydyc q s s s s , q f df rjd Cgu reégf hH hd u[n kd rkc lb eg df g kvg kuc djfrkv g s s s s , q a ; Syfhlb uoht d_fk; kjkl g; jkv kd Rpf jkeg g uoht d_fk; kjkl klS a , s , a s 4kxsn kgc kd /k∂ uiv go kgo ]hxdl yp rdkr hdlm kgt 4ykL LkG kd Iy¬ j s s s a s a s s\ s s d dIi kd r¬c uiv g krdl kg jkv n Lkr kd uky[f uiv go n;k' ]ykL s s s , s , X s\ s s , s X Lkr xkI hd k;Lfqx huiv go n;k' 4g krdl n hykx u ]g krdl jke kr u s\ a \ , s , s
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]g hnkodrfkH kjuf hg urm ]g rjd rkc hd e®k;÷v hurtf xky kt 4g dqe T , s T s s s , kd hg hurm ]g yvlDl hg hurm ]g hrjd rkc hd ;p‰c hurtf ekd kt ]j , q , , Z z , s i kthp Cgüm 4g k[j dkj kd Rpf d ;‘ue kd kthp Cgüm <jkd d h>elku X , s s s q s X s hg huiv ]kgkp kujd xyv kd ;‘que ueg l kthp utf 4e lkgrfb d rfkt7; s s s X X s ‘ue g Bx I? kuI? chtv kr ]g krxy ue? Cgo7Cgo ]g krxy ue? Cgo7Cg q , s , s w , s w o ]g jkdb kgt ]e /"uf Rpf kjkeg g; 4g hrxy ujd tk[ ]g hrxy ujd , a a X s T s s T s 'kyr hdum hurm [kv hjkeg ]g rjd jn jkv g rkiNf kurtf eg kd kthp X a T s w , T s s X utf 4g kue kudk> jrhH df Cgu kvg k[yf kgo jkv g kvg ky[ jk} ]kd , a q a , , q q s s , unH g Cgu <jkd Bkd 4hrgkp Cgu kunH kd jhj' dum [kv Bkd ]g Cgu hr s s s s a s , dIf ji um [kv Bkd ]g u≈u/v chjd7chjd k;_¬f kgt e kekd hlkonfkv 4g a s T Z a a X X , T ˜ q dc <jkd kdlm ]g Cgu h_¬ <jkd kdlm 4kg hrkt dIf u [kv kjktg ji l , s X a X tf hrki yduf Cgu l ji dLl h_¬ hH dS 4g Bg hdP e kdc k;_¬f hjkl akg s \ T q a X ˜ q a t Xe kd¥e ukeyle 4g k;nf sn yc /"uf udfy g <"dkv Bkd hg n;k' e X q q , s s , Z s X Xkthp um `k;D g kri kdikv g gj Li Bk[nf <"dkv e kthp hurb e k;ufqn X , s T s \ Z X X X 4g krsy jd /çyim <"dkv go ]g k;x k;df /"uf kd , Z , s s jkpof ltf dfk;D ]sxaSkt kg ydk;ø <ki dlm 4[n jd dk> l e tkojn lm X s q z s X s a s X s jkv Skv lifko go yd g krdl kg jkv g kue kudk> jrhH3g k[yf kgt , , s , , a , a kxse? lki7lkv d stkojn hlm go e uil rkj 4hxSkt kg ckj[ nCu hd rkj w s X s s hdlm ]kxgj krkg kd udk> d Iky7Iky Nhi ue kdlm kr ]Skt hH yduf hO s s s a s , , s s g Bkd ]hdD> Bkd ]ho¬ir Bkd ]he;l Bkd jxv jkv Skt yduf dk> jrhH s s s a s , s a kucf skt g hyk'rDf' kurb ukd l eeg jGf 4g kue kudk> jrhH3n kxy hr , , s X , a X “r dS eg ji tkojn kg; 4kxSkt kg kL[ jdkv liko l xo uxn go xgkp s a s \ s s s q q s X kuykduf kdltf ]sxSkt kg ukjg ]jd ''fkd hd uykduf kd jkpof /kdS hl s a s , X s s s df 4kxSkt yp kri ]jd ''fkd hd uykduf ]g Cgu rdkr hd un ykduf jg X s s , s s kc d ue uiv hH kd jkpof l IkN dS 4g Cgu dyfke ikv hH dlm ]g hgj s s s s s s , s , kt hyp jrhH d ue kt hd kjkpof g jk/ d_fk; dS udfy 4g hgj yp xe s s X , a s T ue je rkc s; ]g k;x kg Cgu kr yxki e df kxkg jL hg n[ kdikv n;k' s s X wa s s T s q s `g k;D g; 4rfxl Bkd u ]g /cl Bkd u ]g dr Bkd u kdutf ]g hgj yp , a s , a a s , q s , ue je rkc hd uiyxki k;D g; df x[n ikv e txkd lm dfk;D ]xjd Cgu ss X s X s X X s X nli kukrc hH kd _ef sxl l sxl suiv ikv kd txkd lm nkc Iuef ln 4skg a s s s s ryp jrhH kt hgo ]l hjknukeB ]ykL [yf ji txkd dS go ]g ryp jkp s s X T s of hH kt e ue jkv Skt Oc djd nc kjed uikv kydv kd Iuef ln hHd s X , , s a s s s 4g d_fk; cl ]g gj pkl rkc hl ukd ]g gj gd rkc hl ukd ]g gj jd Xr T a T s s X , T s X , T s kc hl ukd eg ]g gj gd k;D eg ]g gj jd k;D g; eg df g luj;ov Xeg , T s T s , s s u ]g 'kg kdlm eg kr u ]g urspl kr u go ]g gj jd kt eg I? lhckp , s X s , s T s s s a ,
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4kxsdl k s g ld ukK kd ke®kv lm g Cgu ukK hg kd Rpf uiv hHv ltf df g Cgu o s , s , s s , Hl Syflb ukKe®kv jdsy kd Rpf lS ]Cgu ]g oHl ukKe®kv jdy kd Rp a s s s , a s s f lS 4g krdl yduf ji k_k; hd suukt kd ;o¬ Bkd k;D jdy kd Rpf slS s s , s a s s s s 4g krdl yduf ji tk[ hd ;®l Bkd k;D jdy kd Rpf lS 4g kgj kg k;D , s s s s s s , s g; df Cgu /kc Bkd eg kdltf ]g gkoi d_fk; ]g gkoi urpv dS kd kok s s X , z a , z s X H jkeg ]kd kjkpof jkeg ]kd ked jkeg jkv g gj ht rfkH lm eg Ia? lhc s X s ˜ s , T s a s kp 4g Cgu hH yk;[ eg kdutf ]g krjd ekd l xP chtv7chtv sLc ue ur , , X , s a \ pv kjkeg 4g kgj jd ekd urspv ydycf go ]g urpv ydycf go ]g kgj s , q , s q , [n Cgu Bkd kdlm jkv g kOc kgo okH kjkl g; ]g e uk; Sx Skcn ]g e s s s , , , a , X , , X hIyfvlDl Bx Bkcn ]e ue refn ]e ue Sg cn g; 4g Cgu hH Cgd e jnkp q s X X q s , X hd "Qi Fv g; ]k;x kv Fv hgo hH e jnkp d "Qi tkv 4g hrkg r/fcal q Z Z X s q , s a s l lDl jkv l ekd df kt ]g hr[j Fv rkc hlS hH Bkd ]hH Bkd kt ]g k , , s s , Z s s s s , r[j Fv hgo hH jnkp kd "Qi tkv df l /"uf g k;x kg kjgx kurb <"dk Z q s s , s Z v go ]g k;x Oc kjgx jdkt e ue kurb ;H go ]g k;df kni ;H kt ],g k; , , X , , s df kni okH kd hjn jkv "} jkv k<? kt rfi d "Qi 4jrjuf g hd hL[ yk , w , s , 1 s z s q a , \ ohn kt Fkl d "Qi ]g Cgu Fkg Bkd hH kd "Qi Xelb ]g Cgu Fkg Bkd Xelb s s q , s q , s kd jnkp g; 4g kvg kni ;H g; llm g hd ''fkd jrjuf kt hd ugj jwn , q , s , s a s s s l "Qi ]g urpv kL\c ;H g; ]g kgj kg ewyke ;H kdikv kt e jnkp hd " q , s , s s s X Qi lb df kxkg u hH kri n;k' kdikv ]g e yH ikv ]k;df unouf lum uTe q s s , X w s s s 4g ji jnkp okdIv ]g hd ke®kv rkc ]g hrdl kg h_¬ jkv "Qqi , , , s , hH jnkp 4Bx kg "Qi hH go ]g hLi jnkp kt jiM d "Qi df g kvg kdIv s q , \ s s q , q kg; kyeke jkv g ke®kv ]g Cgu jhj' eg df g hgj kg g; kr rkc 4g ke®k a , , , , s s , v g Cgu jhj' kr eg df hF hgj gd jkv hF hgj jd rkc hd ke®kv ikv kN , s , X i kdum ue 4Sgfkp kuwN Cgu eg jnkp kd "Qi 2Sjfd Gke ]kgd l>e ulm w s s T X q s q s ]k;x kg jgkc d r4/3knc hdlm j[fkv ]kgj kr[n kOc ip hH e ]ukt Sko s s Z s , q T s a g ]hF hgj kLm aSkog 4kF ukd hH dyfke kd udkj Syflb ]kF kgj Cgu hH kL \ , s s \ s m kd jnkp kr e jGf jkv Sdfkj kd jnkp huiv df gd l>e go df Li u s T , s s X s q X \ reégf hH g; hdlm uekl je udfsy ]Bx kg rhH;H kr ho÷kl udfy 4,g hr s ss s s s kg rhH;H rgc l kLid d "Qi k;ho÷kl df Cgu kri hH g; kd kvkog hd – s q s X \ s q a s X q el jkv 4h_¬ ukd jkv g "Qi ukd df ]Cgu kri hH Bkd kd kvkog hd –el , , , T q , s s X q jkv hn jxf jiM d ho÷kl ukgüm jdkLm kd jnkp je jkv Bkv l jskt Skog , s s X \ s s s , s a hd –el 4F Sg Oc eg jkudf d –el 4kF kgj jd rkc Te Fkl d ho÷kl dS q s q s , s s q X s 4g oHlv ji uhet kutk[ Rpf djfhjk' klt um ]g h/kjof d , a s , T s s jhj' jkv g rjd rkc hd ke®kv hurtf xky kt 4g hnkodrfkH Iiuf hg urm , T s X s s T , s
iEsd jqi;nm

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k∂ kdum g krkt j[cf tskj7tkj kr go 4krkg Cgu lki dum xo kd ukg yx s , s s s s s s s ki kurb ]n jd k;®g hd henkv hldf df krki kg Cgu kØdb hHd /k∂ kurb X s s lki dum dfp 4hd Cgu k;®g Bkd dr tkv u kxky yko ukg r/fk∂ ji rkc s wa s s X s s s s s hIkN7hIkN ]g rkt kg r/fk∂ ji rkc hIkN7hIkN kt ]rkg Cgu xky ko g rkg s s T s s s s s s s s s s T s s jk;®g ]e k;ufn g rkg ljjLje xky kt 4g rjd /k∂ l yd4/3fe rgc kt s X q T s s s s T s s s q q s ]g rkg xky ko ]xky ko ]g rjd /k∂ tkj7tkj kt srkg Cgu xky ko jldv T s s s s s s T s s s s s s s s ko ]g rjd aSk;®g xky kt e k;ufqn 4g krkg dkujr[ rgc /k∂ kdlm kr s T s s s X , s q s s X y jd /k∂ go jxv kg krjd u /k∂ hHd henkv kt df g krkt kgd kr Syf s s s s , s lb 4g hrkt kg jordkr jkv g hrkt kg jordkr jkv go 4g hrkt hrkg hØd , s , , s , , s b rdkr elm ]g krkv yc elm l /kjof ]l lIllfj go 4g hrjd hØdb r X , X s s s X , dkr go ]g rkcn kurtf eg kd Rf1o ltf df g kte kLc dS jkv kxkg k;D T s s , \ , s kdum g hcn kt k;Rfo o jGf hxSkt kg ed rdkr hd ukcn ]g dofkHko¬ 4k , s a 1 s s s , xSkt kg uk'ji jkv rLfhi7Xkxkj r;®v Rpf kdum e ikPc ]xjd uen e kF¬ s s , \ s a X s q\ s X X oko; xky kt Syflb 4hxSkt kg ed rdkr e ikPq\c ]g hrkg rdkr hd ukcn q s s s X s , s s Xe hukot dfk;D hxSkv Iky liko e sikPc go ]g k;kcn e hukot kd Rfo lt X , X q\ , X s 1 f 4hxSkv Iky liko e u"o¬ go g k;kcn e unf kd Rfo ltf 4hxSkt kv jgk , X , X s 1 c l jkt l endS Rfo Bg hcn xaSkt kl eg 4kxkg k;D cr xSkt kl eg ct s s s 1 q s s s s a s udfy g r[j Skcn ]g rgj xkt eg dr ct ]g k;kcn kd Rfo ltf jHunf s T s T s s , s 1 dfk;D ]g Cgu dofkHko¬v hH Nd elb ]dofkHko¬ g; 4g srjd utkH e kui X , q X T s X X l jH7rkj o ]g k;df lkoim jHunf ukgütf 4g hrxy ujHm k;Rfoi hjkl Bg s , s X , s a 1 z q hOc kr g hrkt kl rdkr hd ukcn hdum jkv g rkt kl o e nCu ct ]g sr , s , s s , T s s s X T [n uil jc rgc Syfhlb xky Nπv 4g rgj ryduf tkj7tkj jdki kdke go s s s q q s s T s s s s , hH jGf jkv g krkg kukcn gcl l rkj ]>kl l gcl ]g krkg kukcn tkj7tk , , s q s a s q , s s s j güm kr g hrjd xke hd rDf;øHfv huiv go ]g hrgkp kuyduf ]g hrgkp X s , a , , kujHm go ]g krkcn go kd kthp utf dfk;D 4g krkt kg dju uoht kdlm ] , s X X , s g kry kcn hr¬njct kd kthp Cgüdf jrhH uiv henkv kt jkv g krdl Oc , s s X s s , , , jiM dum hr¬njct ]g krdl jd uen ]g krdl jd lil ]g krdl kcn ]kr s , , zs , dl Cgu kr LkN ]ld kxLkN güm go 4hji7hji g k;D o df g Cgu hH krukt s s\ s , s s\ X w w T s , s X kd k;Rf1o ;ükekl hd uoht uiv hHv kt 4g krdl kg ld dyfke kd ke{ s s , s s , go ]g Cgu dyfke hg kd /k∂ kt jkv Sgfkp r;dfyke Syf d uLkN 4sld kx , s s , s s s\ , s s\ s LkN kd /k∂ go ]g Cgu dyfke kd /k∂ uiv hHv kt ]Wd unouf k;D slikv s , s s s a s Te udfy 4Sgfkp kuki kd ei Sgfkp huLkN k<? ]Sgfkp kuki kd ;®l Sgfkp s s zs s\ 1 s kuLkN ;®lv ]Sgfkp kukg /çyim kd Z;p‰c jkv Sgfkp kuLkN lDl ]Sgfkp s\ s s z , s\ , hujd jkdhxv ke{ jkv Sgfkp kuLkN /k∂ ]g e/7eji ke{ df g k;x k;k[ a , s\ s , Z , lf eg 4kjd ke{ jkv kvkIg kd /k∂ kr ]g krOm /k∂ jxv 4kjd uen kd R X s , s s s s , s X pf lS df g k;x k;k[lf eg l "o kjktg kt g i¥dof dS ]jd k;D jGf kr s s , X s Z X s , X s
iEsd jqi;nm

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4g Bkv yduf e nCu ]hxkg hg , X X j hLi jrhH ]hxkg Bx cn jrhH g; 4kxkg k;yf kcn kdub udfy Cgd Xe nCu \ X s s s s X kt rkc ; ]xkg Sdf oHuv g; jrjuf ukgüm ]g chjd knk; d Bkpπl go s s X q a s X , s ]kgd e nCu kt udfy 4g dG kd ukelkv7uhet elm ]kgd jdxkt kt jkv X s s , Z X s , kgd e nCu sukgüm kt 4jd ekJof jkv yp jnv ikv g Cgu rpfm kukv Om h X X s X , X a , n¥t hurb ]hF ckj[ rkj r;hcr kr hdikv Bkv Om k;D ikv 4ke ; wi g ]ke s X a s a hjk;" g ]kgd jkv SN ji d ke suiv su hdLy lm jkv Skog hLO gcql 4S s , q , s a \ , a a kt xy u -nl Cgd ]Bkv Om k;D hn¥t hurb r hIc hjk;" ]kgd u rjkv hPc X w s s , w\ hg ry[ nCu ]Bx y[ nCu hd kukn um jkv hn tkokv u kxe hHr jkv 4kr s q q X s , s ˜ q , kg kNπv kr hrkt je r ]g rjWt k;D ]g dg k;D cv kd ugj kntV >r 4g s s w , , s s q , hL[ gjr hd yohn r e lkdof d ei je e ei je 4g k/kc hLc lcl e u \ w X s zs s s X zs s s , \ s X oht je r rjkv hPc yLp kgd sulm ]k[n kd ke huiv u hdLy lm hg slt s s w , w\ , q\ s s a s \ , jkv hrkg u Bg kni r 'kd 4Bx kg hPc e jkv Bx kg koq; kr r ]k;yf uN , s q , w s w\ T , s s w f hg ur ;nkl kjkl kje ]uok; kjkl kje ]hy uNf kF¬okoq; hjkl hje hg ur s w Z T s , s s s w 2I‘n ]Bky¥pf go ]k[n kd hIc huiv u ke hg lt 4hF hjkehc güm hd uyp q s s s s a s , X s hg e nCu ]hF e nCu kukn 4Bx pgi sNhi d phxc uiv jdOm e nCu kukn o X X X s qa s s s X X s s 4xkg tc jkp Bkd ]hF hjkehc hd uyp jdOm l e nCu e rkj kd hIc jkv s X s s s s X X s s , a X s ke kukn um 4hyef e sphxc dS hIc hdlm jkv ke dS e okx dS rkj dS X s , a X a 4g uOfd kujd yk;[ ]hxOm rkc hl7ukd , X X , jrhH jkeg 4g uOfd kugd ]kxsyduf k;D7k;D l jrhH jkeg 4Skt y[ tkojn s , s s a q s sd du lt kr aSkt Snf yk[ jk} d ;nÔ jkeg tkv jxv df 4g k[j kiNf Z s , s s s s , jrhH uiv kd krkc hurdf ewyke u ueg ]g k[j kcn kd krkc hurdf eyke s s X s , s X w ku sueg 4g r¬zx e n} xky jkl eg jkv hrpc Cgu hH rDf' Syf d ujd k_ T X a s s , s s k; dr ke®keji lki dlm 4g hrkt kg r"kel rDf' hg e n} hdlm ]g r¬x s , s X a , z n} jrhH uiv ue kd henkv ltf jkv g krkt Li e IDyfGukd G¥l ]g kr a s , , \ X , , kt Li e n}e®kv Rpf d¥fc ]hrkg Cgu I‘u k;Rfo lub ]g rkcn eg ak;Rfo \ X a s a 1 s T s 1 s s kt ; 4Sg rcfkl dkujr[ rgc ]Sg rcfkl dkujr[ Lc o kF kvg k;kcn u q q q s \ s q s X s kxky utf 4kvg hg; e kxn d ukeyle7ngV ]e kLx> d ukr¬dfki ]ukr¬ngV q X X a s q w X X \ s q 4g hrkt kg BkuOfd hLc jGf kr kd lkduf dum Skt yef kdke Bkd kr , s \ s s , s s g k;x k;yf kcn kd k;Rf1o ]g k/hl jkv Gkl <jkd kdlm 4g Cgu <jkd jkv , s X , , , , Bkd kdlb ]g rkg 0lf hiki jkv jk;®g ;ü?t lcl xky hg ko 4g rkt jnf s T s s , s s s s T s a s , e tkj ]g henkv yH rgc F rpkl eg kdutf ]g rPi krhx l gcl ]g henk s q s s s s T s \ s q , v yH Lc F rpkl eg kdutf 4g rPi tkeu kGn pki tkj ]g rk' Lc ]g sr s s \ s s s s T s \ a s T a s \ T Pi tkeu jdkt nt¬fe tkj df F r>el eg kdutf kr ]Skt kg kLx> e kx \ s s s s s s \ X X sky d ke/ kn jxv ]kxkg k[n kr Syfhlb 4g xky dkujr[ Lc o ]g rgj S s ˜ s s s s T s s \ s T s kcn ]g rgj rjd kØdb kd /k∂ suiv xky kt udfy 4g krkt yduf tkj ]/ T s s s s s s s , s
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 13 egaP

d_fk; 'kgc eg ]kukg jH l 'kg ]kukg dWxkt gjr hji rfi d rfF¬f hd u a s s s s s s s w z s oht g Fv kd sukg urpl dfk;D 4g hrkt kg W' hukg ikv7uiv rfk∂ Xeum k , Z s s X , s q s s a s r Skt kg urpl so jxv ]g d_fk; Sk;∂f kt7kt hd uoht kr 4g krdl kt k s s , a a s s s , jH l 'kg rfi dlm ]g krdl kt kxkt rfi dlm ]g krdl kt k;kuc d_fk; s s z s , z s , a 7jx lm 4g krdl kt k;df k;D jGf ]krdl Cgu hg kt kr kync lm e rfF¬ , s , s s X f hlsS jkv `g k;D jkv g k;D go ]g Cgu hH kri kdlm eg 4g d_fk; hHl , , , T X , X , a go g e Rpf jkeg hH Nd kt ei ]/k∂ ]k<? df g kgj gd g; likv e ]g , X s q s zs s 1 wa s T wa kgj gd Cgu e g; Cgu 4jd k<? kr ]Skt kv k<? df g krgd g; e k;D 4Xj T X 1 s 1 wa T d /k∂ kr Skv /k∂ g krgd g; e k;D 4aSkt nd jdkg yxki e xkH df g s s s wa T w s X s wa krgd g; e k;D 4n sukg lm ]kg kt df g krgd g; e k;D ]jd k;D kr ]kvg T X s s s s wa T X s q Cgu rgf Bkd kd rfkt7;‘que dr tkv l uen 4g Cgu kr¬kj Bkd ]g Cgu xk s s s , s , Z e Bkd uen Syflb 4kxMkt kg I‘u jkv kxMkt kg r"kel e l BkLy hdum s a s , a s T s \ 4g Cgu kyko urht Bkd l BkL\y hdum ]kxkg k;D l BkLy hdum g je kukn , s s s s s \ T ss X s go g k[j kcn ue kt jkv g k[j pkl sue e urp kt go g je Rpf kukn 4 , s T s , , s T X s s T s s X s hxSkt kg I‘u rdkr hje 4kxMkt kg nkcc e e ukLy d kukn ]kg udfy 4kxsj s s a s Z T X s \ s X s a s kg Bkd u ]kxrht Bkd kr u ]sxL\y Fkg kukn je 4g hje rdkr Nhi d kukn s s s s X X s s s , s s s X s ]g krdl rht ukd ]g je Fkg kukn dfk;D 4krdl rht Cgu hH Bkd ]kxrht , , T s s X s X s s Fkg k;kn df kxrht Fkg k;kc 4g krdl rht Bkd ]kxrht ukd kr aMkLy e k a s a , s s , s \ T s d kFkg kukn je lt ]g rkt je eg elm ]g kryp n} kt jrhH d kuskn ub X X s s s s , T s X , a s s X jkv 4g krkt Oc jrhH jkeg kt Rpf kjc dS jkv k;yf ykgél ueg kt g , , , s s q , s s , krkt uc Rpf kNπv dS 4g krkt Ic e kl¬gf kn Glf ]krkg Cgu rr√ojfi R , a X X s Z s pf Bkd ]l u'il ]l uen ]l jrhH g kgj jd ekd k'eg jkv g ntke k'se s s zs s s , s , , w , g g; 4g ntke jrhH g; ]krkg Cgu r"kel g; ]krkg Cgu I‘u g; ]Sg Skcn , w , s s q eg jrhH kt g; 4k;x kv jgkc henkv kd jrhH ]k;x kl henkv kd jiM sl s s rhi ckj' 4hF hØdb jrhH k;yfkx jkv kF kgj gd l jiM go ]kF kgj gd s a , s henkv kt utH udfy 4n kuc hykx kd utH kt g Cgu ydefd Bkd elm g s s X s s , s s X , Cgu hg rkc Bkd e ckj' ]g hrdl kuc hykx kd utH Cgd ckj' 4g krxy u s X , s , s s n hykx henkv hgo ]Stfhn kyif ckj' kg kgj kx utH kt kd henkv yH dS s s s s 4g krkt kg Wq' kuyduf l jrhH cl e h'kgsc lm 4g hrn kyl kdlm ]kd , s s X s T s q s s X kthp krn Cgu uyduf kt jknjgi g k[j kOcf sueg kt go ]kd jll kd tko s s s s , s s T s s jn lm yod kr ckj' 4hrjd Cgu kni rkc hjc ckj' 4g hrkt skg Wq' kuyd s s , X q , uf go ]g k[j kcn uikv kd thp ltf skr ]g hrn kyl kd 'kg dikv df g k , s s , s q s s s , rkg <x hg kurb yod kr e ckj' ]hrkg Cgu thp Bkd hlS e ckj' 4ikv g s q s s X s s s X T X e hryx ]n jd kn,i kd kthp hjc jrhH jkeg df g hrkg thp hlS Bkd e X s X q s , s s s X ckj' df g rpkl ikv k;D 4g kri kxyduf k;D leg ]Skt hn kyif ckj' kd T s s , s s s X s s kxky jkl eg 4g Sg Oc xky sNπv kg; xky surb eg g krkg g; kr Syfhlb T q s , s a s , s s
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 23 egaP

Nd hHd kjr kjk} je df krkv Cgu hH nk; >e 4>e hn k;yfkx Syfldf u q s s s s q s q a s w r kNi llm u gk'nkc jkv 4k;x k;ky uekl d gk'nkc unf jln jkv k;x k w s s , s s s w , ;nf kojd nc jdLdi kd henkv lm 4kxy sun hykx kd gk'nkc henkv dS j a \ s s s dkg L[ ji r¬jkp 4hryduf hjkol e huk/tkj dS gcl7gcl hd gk'nkc dS s s \ s , X q q 4g krjd e h'kgc kt , X s s s ]krdl jd Cgu ekd hgo henkv e 'kg dfk;D ]hxSkt kg hjln hxntV kr kg X s X s w s s 'kg jxv ]g 'kg kdlb `g gj pkl k;D ]g gj jd k;D ]g gj gd k;D eg 4 s , s T s s T s T s g kgj jd k;D jkv g kgj gd k;D e df g Cgu hg 'kg Bkd >e ]g Cgu ZFv wa , wa T , s s s q , Bkd elb 4g kgj gd hH l>r ]g hgd hH l k;_¬f jkv rkc g; Xe uktuv y s X wa s q , s X , s dycf e df ]k;kv yk;[ g; >e jd[n Igkjd¬e hjr 4ygi l>r g hgd hH q T s q s q q s s s q , s X l k;_¬f jkv ue rkc hg; 4g kdp gd ygi hH l k;_¬f jkv e kr rkc g; , s T wa q s s X , T s df k;kv yk;[ >e nkc d sugd udfsy k;nf kr gd kr g; ue 4n krc jkv s q s s s s T wa , dS e >r ]ul df kgd sulm jkv k;x dQ ]kF kgj kt j? uiv lifko k;P T s q q , s a \ fhl kF kgj jrm go ]kxkg kgj chtv henkv go udfy 4Sx jH l Igkjd¬e s s s q q Okg dlm ]Bx jH h'[ e k[kv hdlm ]hxkg Bg '[ rgc ]hxkg Bg Ulzi hr X s q X X a s q q q s q o; go 4l k;rfo; hHl ]do; hHl ]g gj rgd rkc hg; hg k'eg l k;rfo; q s X q q T s s X s s X q doq; dfk;D ]hxkg Bg Uli hroq; go 4g Cgu ji hoƒi h_¬ Bkd jkv O‘sJ kn X s q z , 1 s , k; sl>r ]jnl knk; l>r ]kgd kd hdL\y lm ulm rDo rkg knof llm gc q qa s q s s s s s q l dS 4kF krjd ezsi l hdLy hd gk'nkc dS ygi d ukg jhdG ]jhdG dS s \ s s s s 4g kgj jd Cgu k; , D jkv g kgj jd k;D go df g Cgu klkjH Bkd kd rkc hldf hd henkv 'skg , , , s s c dfk;D ]g dkujr[ rgc hH ei kdlm kr kxjd hH ei henkv 'kgc ]g kg s X , q zs s s zs s s , j kg g; e k;ufn hjkl 4k;yf jd e;kd o®qHi jkv kF k;yf eku kd ezsi 4u' s X q z , s s tki ]kF k;yf eku kd ei ]k;yf ld lm l Gjr cl kr uikv 4Sx uc kr_ar zs s s s s ji hdlm kr ikv ]Sx kg dgkzx d <kzi dlm kr ikv df g kryp kri slm k s s s s s , ;df ei uikv kdltf nkc kunf LkF jkv g rjd Skrofd hLc jkv rkc hOhe zs s s X s s\ , T s a \ , X jkv j/e hLc sygi 6g rjd ei kdltf ikv 4Bx uc jhtt hd yx dikv ]sF , q \ T s zs s X a s s Cgu d ei Fkg dlm ]g kryp kri nkc kunf LkF udfy ]g krjd rkc hd s zs s , X s s\ s , X ei Lc ]g krykL Fkg e syx dikv go ]g krjd ei kdikv kt ]kxkg hH oH zs s \ , X s , zs s s s q uv n;k' kd rkc lb kdcl eg 4sxkg dkujr[ Lc ek<jfi udfy ]ei kxL\i s X s \ s zs s kr Bk[nf Syflb jkv kxkg 'kgc hH ei k;x k;ky e 'kgc 4hxkg 'kgc hH s , s s s zs X s s s s s ke{ Bx Bky e h'kgc jkv sxkg 'kgc hH ;<uf Sx Syf e h'kgc dfXk;D 4g X s s , X s s Z X s s T rgj suc hg 'kgc ikv jxv ]g Cgu d ekd ;<uf Bkd Sx Syf e h'kgc lb s s s , s Z s X s s 4g kg , j kg k;D ]g kgj kg k;D cl g; ]g Cgu kri hH Nd eg 4g 'kgc chjd7chjd s X , s , q X T s s ]g Sg Skl chjd7chjd eg ]Sg Skl Fv kd ukg d_fak; 4'kgc Fv kd ukg T q s q s Z s s s s Z s s
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38 fo 33 egaP

4g kr¬kj k/hl Gjr hd 'kg l h'kgc udfsy ]g Cgu kr¬kj Bkd k/hl Syf , s s s s , s d ke{ l /k∂ 4g krkt ync e ke{ ikv uiv /k∂ kr Skt ync e 'kg jx s s s , X s s s X s v h'kgc udfy 4rdl ync Cgu e ke{ kd /k∂ ikv 4g <{y d 'kg ; 4ke s s s s X s s T s s s { ]gkev ];®l ]ei 6g <{y kd 'kg 4gke ]k<? ]/k∂ 6g <{y kd h'kgc 5 s zs , s s 1 s , s s g <{y g; 4g krkg rgfkoi lk;kuv ei ]g hrkt kg oHl lk;kuv ke{ kr , , s z zs , s a s Skt jH l 'kg rfi d Rpf eg jxv 4g oHl k<? u ]g oHl /k∂ kr u kr a s s z s , a 1 , a s s s ]Skt jH l 'kg rfi d Rpf eg jxv 4g rkc hd ;¬gj rHnv dS Xe uoht s s z s , q 4k;x kg [kj endS lt /k∂ go ]g k;x kg k;D kyek s s , s , s e df g krki e 4g kgj kv /k∂ >e cv df g krPi txkd e lt 4g Cgu go wa T , s s q wa \ T s , T ]k;x /k∂ g krki e jrhH ]g krkt y Fkg Gjr hd lh[ Te lt 4g rkc hd s wa T , s s s , T hukjg hLc kr g; Xykc l>e jkv Iky lifko nkc uhge kn o 4kxkg k;D ]Sbk , \ s s s q , s , s s s s rc jdkv nkc uhge7kn7suhge s>e 4SNfi re l>e g; df kgd lum ue ]kgd s s q w s q s s T s X ukgüm 4kxkg k;D llb ]kgd sukgüm jkv 4jd kg kujd hH kt jGf ]y [j li s s X , X s s X fko jkv y Pi kGn dS djd kiÎ ]Skv /k∂ hH ct jkv k'eg gj [j hg Xe , X \ s s , s s s s lh[ lm 4g kgj kv /k∂ s>e cv df e kj{v Lc7Lc n [j e lh[ uiv j s , s q X X s \ s \ X X s s d [yf e txkd dS ]jd ekd kl kIkN dS ]kgd kdum ue 4g kgj ycm /k X X s s s T , s ∂ jrhH dlm ]g kyko uLi dG k;D llm 4e l¬x kg kgj jke jF®i kd hld s , s \ Z s X s q s s f l,t ]kxit hg lo ekj7ekj go ]g Cgu cyre Bkd llm 4g dkujr[ it k s s s , , s s , d /k∂ jkv kxit e /k∂ hH go kr kxit ekj7ekj jkv kxit ld ekj7ekj g s , s X s s s , s s , o ]g Cgu e 'kg henkv kt udfy 4kit ekj7ekj kr Skv /k∂ ]kgd su hldf , X s s s s s s ]krdl Cgu hH kg 4kF kvg Cgu jxjkd ;kim Bkd ]F dp jd ;kim rgc ko s q s s s q q s dfk;D `Wd k;D e ]kNwi l>e sukgüm jkv hF hjkehc hd /k∂ kd _ef dS jse X a T s q X , s s s 4kxSkt kg keh/ s jkv kne /k∂ e k_ke hlm ]kxkg /kc g; e k_ke ltf xSki ikv 4g kgj jd , a s X s s X s a wa /k∂ e jkv g kgj kv /k∂ g; df gj kjH l /kc ji Te df [n djd /k∂ s T , , s wa s s s w X s s s doi'kg ikv jkv kg kgj kv /k∂ 4[sn djd ''fkd ]dl jd /k∂ doi'kg Z w s , s s X s s X s Z w s henkv Bkd df g hIhycflfkib g; ]g oHlv g; ]xdl jd Cgu hH ikv 4g k s , s a , a s X T dl jd Cgu /k∂ dZoi'kg henkv Bkd dr tkv 4kxSkt ync uoht kjkl kdi s w s s kv kr ]Skt jH l 'kg kji Rpf jrhH jxv 4g krdl jd Cgu e 'skg ]g kr s s s w T X , jd e h'kgc kt henkv Bkd 4g krdl jd Cgu e 'kg e go ]k;df e h'kgc X s s s s wa X s T X s s uTe kt 4g kdqp kv lifko 'kg kje kr cv ]kxkg kgj henkv hg kjln go ]Cn s s , s s s s w Cgu kdikv k;yfkx go ue 4g krgkp kujd jkd¬eu kdikv ]g krgkp kuN j s a s T wa s wa w i dikv e ]g e 'kg e ]kF 'kgc go 4kF henkv hg kjln go ]Cn k;yfkx kd , s T wa X s T s s w a s ikv urtf 4jd u NkrNwi l>e ikv ]jd u yh')c(r l>e ikv 4kF henkv s X s q X s q hg kjlwn go ]Cn k;yfkx kdikv sultf kr 4kF Cgu e 'kg uiv e ]kF Sg Sh a s s X s s T q i ckj' e 2jd ke{ ]kgd u henkv lm 4s>e Cn k;yfkx k;D ur 4kg kvg kjc T X s q a X s w s q q
iEsd jqi;nm

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dlm ]n LkG [kv dS henkv kt 4g rukt kd rkc hlb cl eg jkv g rukt X s\ a s T s s , T s eg kr g; ]kn ckot l jF®i kdlm ]jke I2/b ]henkv kt df g rukt kr s s s s X 1 s T s s eg dfk;D 4g yxki henkv g; ]g gj gd rkc hd ytGf hLc g; ]kn jd ue X , T s w \ s s kl sdlm k;kn er ]jke kIkp ji ykx aSkc jkgér kt g rgd I¬bk∂ 4g gj jd a q X s q s T s T s rkc LcL\x k;D ]g gj gd k;D ; dfk;D ]hrkv Cgu e >el hd henkv hld \ T s s X X f Sqg Skl kt ]g rxy sugd rkc hlS j,kv d kxky Sg Skl g rkt kv Xe phc s s T s X s s X s q s T s s T ; ]g henkv LcLx g; ]Skyif k;D jgt kd rkjdl jkv jke hykx Syf d g \ \ X s q , X s s s kd Bkd Syf d h/kx jkv SkdIy ji hyl Syf d gkd Bkd kd I¬bk∂ kr Cgu s s a , w s s s s s 4g Lc , \ Lx henkv g; ]xn jd k;®g hdlm ikv kr ]g kvg kxkt kt Skt kv klS jr \ s X s , q s s hH dikv henkv dS jxv ]g krkt kg g; jlDv d¥fc jkv g lt dS eg xk s , s , T s , X s y hHl 4g <jxkt hg; ]g rfF¬f ;ükekl hd ;‘que kr g; df g krxy klS kr , , s , s s ]g e rykg hlm hHl hH so g xky urtf lki7lkv jkeg df g hH g; <jkd T X , s s s , dS kd uyp kri u jkv 4g O> go df g kryp Cgu kri Bkd jkv 4g pl s , , w , s , , go g krkg eyke ]g e rykg ltf eg hHv kr g krkg eyke pl kuil kr Xe , s w , X s , s w s s uil udfy 4kF Cgu pl jkv k[n kuil df g kryp kri ji uxkt gcql 4g s , s , s T pl go g gj [n kt g krxy kdikv 4g gj [n kuil ikv df g kryp Cgu T s s s , s T s s , kri kdikv kr ]g r[n kuil ikv rkj ]k;df yk;[ uikv hHd ]g g; kr rk s s T s s s , s c hd ste sLc jkv kg W' e∂ kd <jxkt jrhH jkeg hg l kLhi hd h'kgc l \ , X q s s \ s s b n;k' kr 4g 'kgc eg df Sgfkp kukt Li Bk[nf l iW I‘i¬ rgc ygi g; s T s s \ s q s 4g 'kgc ]g kvg k;kl ;‘ue ]g , s s , q s q T Sg Skl ikv df g k;nf jkt ji kpp lb ]e gcl hd tkv ue Syflb `sld q , s Z X q s T , kxxkt go ]g kvg hg kxkt e df g eH g; kdltf dfk;D ]g kvg k;kl e d s wa q T , z s X wa q s T f Xy >el g; l iW dDi ygi kt ]g krdl xkt henkv hgo dfk;D 4g Sg S s s s s , X T q s , , kl jkv g _a; eg df g hjWt kuukt g; rkc kr hygi Syf d <jxkt lb kr , s s s ]Skt xkt eg ld 4krLi Cgu dG Bkd llm ]g kgj kt 'kgc gxt kukn go s , \ Z s s , s s X s ]g kl7dS kukl kdlm 4e ukl dlm g Cgu dG Bkd ]Skt ;yk;4/3o gkp ] , s X s s s , Z s s s Skt jnfe gkp ]g 'kgc ]g kvg k;kl kt 4g /kl go ]g Cgu 'kgc kt ]Cgu k a s , s s , q s s , q , s s s vg k;kl kt 4g Z<iFv hLc ji ]Cgd rkc chtv hLc 4g ufe go g Cgu kvg q s s , w Z \ \ , q , q k;kl kt ]g ufe krlv 4g Cgu kvg k;kl ]g kvg kxkt kt ]g krgd ufe kdl s s , q q , q s , q s wa q s m e ]kgd u jhokge 4hgd Cgu su jhokge rkc hH Bkd g; ]krjd Cgu klgV ]k T s X s rk[ Cgu lke kt ]g krgd ufe kdlm e df g kgd Cgu u jhokge 4g krjd a s wa q s T , s , <e∂rfi ]g krkt jnfe tkj kt ]g krgd ufe kdlm e df g kgd Cgu u jho z , a s s , q s T , s kge 4g kruke kd e/ u,t kt ]g krgd ufe kdlm e df kgd Cgu u jhokge , s Z s wa q s T s 4g krkt kg u≈u jdLkN Lid cl kt g krgd ufe kdlm e df kgd Cgu u j , s s\ s \ s wa q s T s hokge kr 4/kl g u,kd ]g rgd ufe kd ldf ikv ]kF kNi u hldf l jhokge s q , T s q s w s s
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h'kgc l kgt ]Shi u huki kd Sd lm 4g krkv <jxkt l kgt ]y hi huki s s s a a a q , s a X kd Sd lm3g g; go jkv g Zxke hg dS ];kim hg dS ]jd k;D jGf ]kxkg C a q , , , X s gu dG Bkd ]jd ;kim [ky 4krdl kg Cgu urojfi hH Bkd Xe rfF¬f hlS jk Z s X s Z s s , v g Cgu <jxkt Bkd ]'o Bkd kjkeg ji thp hldf 4g gj ht gjr hd 'kgc , s s T s s s eg df kryp Cgu kri kdlb Syflb ]h'kgc kd uoht g xkj dgfekl skt g; s s , s w 4hxy uyp jGf hr¬ s c ]kF k;x kg dhO ktkj 4k;nf jd dhO sur xkenf kd ktkj jkeg kiÎ hjr ke s w s s ®keji g ;ü/ ]kgd u kxky d okx jkv kvg rxko¬ ]Sg ukx ]Sg ;®u ]k;x k , s X s s a , q q q 1 ;kue klyt kLc e okx lm tkj lm 4k;yf hi huki kd Sd lm jdy eku kd \ X a a q s ukoxH l rfk' hLc sukgüm jkv Sx kuhr o 4kxSkt kg yd4/3fe kugj knt s a \ X , X s s q V kr Cgu y hi huki kd Sd hlm hH eg ]g kr¬kj hg dS ]kgd u jhto `Xjd s X a q T s k;D ]g knk; k;“l hdub 4kd Bkpπl g rcl k;“l ]g pl go ]g knk; k;“ T a T w a T , a l hdltf g hryp Syflb 4g hryp Syfldf hGdoc s; ]kvkuc ukeylqe ]kv T T w s s s kuc BklB kd ngV3g rkxy e sukuc k;“l huiv7huiv e/ d k;ufn sjkl kr s w T s X a Z s q s Syflb 4g pl go g knk; hdltf k;“l df g hrn yc k;“l jkv g knk; k; T T a T s a , T “l hdub ]g knk; LhH hdub udfsy 94g kIym kr kyeke ]jd k;D eg cv8 a T \ , s X ]kNi kd jhto suiv ulm ]k;kLc? rgc ktkj ]g krkg eyke k;x kg yxki kr w s s \ q , s w s s henkv g; 4kxSkt kg nkcc ; kj kr Cgu ]kxkg kuync kd ktkj df kgd jkv s Z s s s , hd kHl su kxky d okx jkl 4k;x Li kydv ]k;x gj kd xP jkv ktkj ]sF X s s a s \ s a , Sx kg d xP hg jkv xky d okx jkl 4g kgj jd k;D rkc s; df kxy ukg e s s a , s s a s T X s s w yke hcutv ktkj 4kF k;x kg ckj[ kr xkenf kd okx jkl 4g k;x kg ckj[ s s s a s , s xkenf kd ktkj ]g krkg eyke df sxy ujd jkpof xky d okx jkl 4Bx L\i h , s w s s s a s xge hLc krUli df kyp kri güm kd >kl udfy ]Sx pc Nπv eg df sF U a \ z X s a s s li Lc o 4Shi huki llm o ]kF kvd kuiv kdum ]k;if Cgu ukgüm ]hukj hd z s \ s s s qa s X lm jhto kdlm ktkj 4k;x kg yxki ryP7ryP tjl okx kjkl 4kLi hg kuhi s s s w a \ huki rkg7rkg >kl ]rgj lk;" dr jn hurdf er 4g krdl kt kgl uiyxki s s s s a s s s q , ]hrdl kt hgl Cgu lk;" ]rgl lk;" dr jn hurdf kr kd kxky d kokx kr s s s s X s s X a s 4kF kvd kd ktkj dS jkv kF kvd kd okx dS 5F Sd hg kn e okx lm 4k a q , a q a s a q s X a xSkt kg yxki go ]kxShi hH kt huki kd Sd lb ]kgd jkv Cn ykL k;Lfi d s s a q , \q S Xe aSd dS sulm jkv k;kv jxnkt dS ]kF k;x skg klS jkc dS e oakx dS q , w s X 4kryp Cgu kri Bkd kd hjkehc s Syflb 4g krdl yp Cgu kri kd hjkehc kr ]Skt kg kd kxky cl hjkehc hg , s s s X s dS ct ]g lt dS dfk;D xky jkl eg kr ]g Cgu kd phc jkeg g; 4k;x k T s , X s s s , s s g kni phc jkeg ]jtI¬ Bkd ]hcutv Bkd k; LcLx Bkd k; yxki Bkd k; jk , s ≠X s s \ \ s s ehc Bkd g; ]kd henkv lb kjd e®[ ]kn jd suekl k;kn kr ]jke kIkp Bkd s s X s a s X a s ji ykx aSkc ]g krgd g; I¬bk∂ ]g henkv yxki dS g; jkv kn LkG Xkukn h , , , s s\ s
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;D ]Cgu hH hHd ji kla'i ]g ry jd lko4/3of endS eg ji knuV ]g kgj z T s s , kg k;D klsS g kri kdikv ]sxn Cgu yhyn e /kjof hH dS ikv 4kxkg rp4/3 s X , s X X s s fuf sxgd ikv ]g ukeBc henkv kyG gd likv e jxv udfy ]krdl kg Cgu X , s a wa s T s s jknukeB df sxn yhyn lhpπi ikv jkv sxjd u lko4/3of ikv ]g jknukeB X X , X , henkv kyG df gd likv e jxv 4g ukeBc cl ]kxkg ukeBc jWt henkv hH a wa s T , s s s go ]kxkg Cgu kri kdikv `k;D g uklkv hjknukeB 4e xq;yfd lb g h[j hj s s , X T knukeB kgd xgd ikv ]g jknukeB kLc ]g henkv kNπv rgc henkv kyG df a s X , \ , q a gd jkv Mkv lki dikv e jxv 4g gj jd eg jkv g kgj jd Cgu skr e h' wa , a s T T s , wa X kgc e cl Cgd g; ]g ukeBsc henkv kyG ]g jkp henkv kyG ]g kjqc henkv s s T T a , s a , a kyG gd e df ]g ukd kyko usy ;<uf e 4g ukd kyko uy Iett e kr ]g wa T wa , s Z T wa , s s X T s , uOfd kuukpgi hH kdlm ]g rgj jH hxntV eg Fkl dltf ]g krukpgi kd s T s s , s ldf ukd ]g krukt kdldf ukd 4g k;D kukg kjc df g krukt kd henkv jwi , , s , , s q wa s s lm e ]g k;D Bkjc df g krukt e go ]g kgj >el kjc e kd henkv ltf T , q wa T wa q T s ]g kgj jd dukpv ]g kgj jd jdukt e go ]g krjd gnl ]g krjd d' e wa wa T wa s a wa T ji henkv ltf 4g Bx jH suktuv k; g Bx jH Sg rukt go ]g Bx jH k<1? T T q s T X e ue je rfi dltf 4kF k;df Sg rukt jx k; kF k;df Sg rukt ue go ss z s q s , q s s T ]kF k;df /k∂ ue kt yd df ku[n jdLdi kd ekd dS7dS kupkt kdlb ]k s s T s s \ s a s upkl kdlb 4g gj kt yp Sdf hg ; df k; g /kc ]g 'kg ]g <jxkt Xelm s s T s s wa , s , s , g gj jd kt ]g gj ht doi'kg ]g Cgu kr ydufde ]g Cgu kr d_fk; hH h T s s T s Z w s , s s , , s a xntV hdikv df sxjd jkpof ikv jdIky l kg; 4Cgu krkg Nd l ugd jse ] X , s a s q s s s s X s xpkl ikv kdub ]Cgd rkc s; gcl Syflb 4g k;x kg W' kuxkt kdikv ]g h s X q , s q , dqp II <jdf hygi kuy >el ikv kr ]Skt kv /kc g; jxv 4g dyfke kd w s s s wa ujd kdlb e k;D ]g kgj kg kt g; ]g kgj jd jdukt e pl e k;D ]g kgj s T , s s wa X T wa jd e kt g; ]g kgd 'kg elb ]g kgd e elb 4g d_fk;7d_fk; k;kl7k;kl T s T s X wa T X , a a s s kr uoht kjkl hg rp4/3fuf df rfe¬ ; ]xjVceejf g; ]Skt kv yk;[ g; s 1 s s kdikv jxv 4g kuil g; df kF krdl yp Cgu kri g; kr Cgu 4Bx II nCu s , s w df kuy >el kr g kuil g; ]g kgj [n e kt df Skt yp kri g; Xe nCu s s , wa s T s jxv 4kF krdl yp Cgu kri g; kr Cgu ]Bx kg W' huII nCu df kuy >e s s q w s l ikv kr ]g kgj [n kuil e df Skt yp kri g; kdikv jxv e nCu dfk; s wa s T s X X D 4Bx kg Stfhy >el rkvQq' hd <jxkt ]g Sg Skl df y >el l dhO kd s T q a s X s s rkc lb df g g; go ]g kgj gd likv gcl tkv e kt3_l kygi ]xkt sld , wa s q T s w X , 4kxkg u s rojfi dS jkv kxSkv 'kg dS rfi d Rpf jWt kr ]Shi huki kd Sd d ' Z , s z s s a a q s kg lb 4g krjd Wq' ku>el kd Rpf ]kd uoht uiv jkv g krxkt henkv sl s , s s s , , ltf ]g hrkg kni lsuj;sov lltf ]g krkv 'kg lltf ]g krkv <jxkt slltf , s , s , s s , ]g krgd uk;÷ e kd Sd hlm ]g jrhH jkeg kvd go 4g krkv uiyxki jkv wa T s a q , s a q , ,
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4g hg wa s s\ s LkF jkp Bkd e ]kxn uykL Cgu Fkg e lh[ je udfy 4k;yf Cgu kdDlf uTe s T wa s X s s s s s ]g krgd e kurb 4Sbky[nf kdDlf ikv df kF Cgu hH kgd likv ue 4krd wa T s s T l ykL Cgu Fkg Bkd e lh[ je udfsy 4k;yf Cgu kdDlf ue ]g krdl gd Te s X s ss s T wa kurb 4Cgu gjr hd jkp ]g k;kv gjr hd ukege kg; kr e df kgd u hen s wa s a s T s kv dS udfsy 4Skt Syf [sn sLid dcl df kvg ;r hg; 4Cgu k;yf kr ueg a \ s q s s ]Skt Syf [sn Lid ]aSkt Syf [n lh[ jkeg kgd ukgüm jkv Sx kg Ødb uk a s \ s s s s X , s s ege jkl 4k;x kg kyeke kd hjkp ]Bx Lm dukj7xj hd hnk' 4Bx kg BkuOfd s s s s \ , a s hLc ]hrehd kF kdDlf 4k;x kg yd4/3fe k;x kgd kdDlf ]kF j? kd hnk' \ s q a 4hd kxky kl kn hF LhH kgo ]k;nf n kd jln ue jGf ]k[n uTe 4kF X s , s \ a s s s w s T s s k;kv e Fkg je kgd sulm ]kNi hH lltf ]Cgu kri Nd >e 4k;nf n kd u X ss w s q s q s s s [n kd hlkLi sue udfy ]kF kyef >e kgd sulm ]kNi hH lltf 4Sx k[ kgd s s s \ T s s q w s s a eyke ku o ]k;x kg yd4/3fe kuyef kdDlf nkc I? k/kv 4kxy uew? kdDl w s s q s a s f jkv g kvg k[yf k;D ji lb rkc hjkl ]g kuc kd rk/ ldf ]g kd rDo d , , q X , q , s ktkj ldf ]g kukji kurdf sxy suNi llm jkv Cy kxy LhH u kxky Nqd ]kx , q w s , \ s X s y ue? FkgkFkg kdDlf 4sxkg '[ o kxn k[nf kd k_ef yp y e hnk' df kp s w X X q s wa s X wa s X s s T s kl ue kr knhj[ ue g g; dS 4g lki d henkv jln jkv hldf Xe k;ufn kd s T , , s s w , q Dlf dS g dDlf hg kn s; lc ]kd ;el d hlb g jkv kdDlf dS 4g /çyim , s s s , , , s T kt g kdDlf kukji knk; lcl g; 4g kukjqi "o jktg uhr ]kd dDlf sd ;i q s , Z s s s Q dS ]g knhj[ jdn ;iQ jktg lhpπi lb ue df kgd ulm jkv 4kF kdDlf T s s s s T s , kd Jef ]kF kdDlf kd r"tfb kukji "o jktg uhr kdDlf 4kykduf kdDlf d q Z S l elm jkv hykduf hIi hl7hIkN rjlcw[ rgc dS l lh[ uiv u ukegse s X , s s w q s s s s dS df kF kd ukg Wq' utkH ]Sx kv cl ukege 4F r_fekv ]F ukege _e s s s s s s a s s f kl kn Bkd 4kvg klyt kd gkoof dS ]e j? dS ]e dk;w;ü dS g kuql uTe , s s q X X Z , s 4g rjWt hd up , s kt ekd dS7dS kjkeg kr 4g uOfd kuy ;<uf df 4g <i;¬gj hurb hxntV a s , s Z , Z w ]g rukt k;D eg ]g rukt eg k;D udfy ]g Cgu htkj kd ujd jkdho¬ eg ] T s T s s , s s g kgj jd ekd urpv ydycf Rpf kjkeg 4hrkg Cgu rÎho¬ hHd kl'i hd h , s q s a z ldf udfy ]n gd hH Nd rckc d hldf Bkd ]g hrkt kg rÎho¬ endS knuV s X q s s , s 4krkg C s gu kni ImkL Bkd ]krkg Cgu kni d' Bkd ji knuV ]g ry jd lko4/3of en , s s , s T s s dS g krjd knuV Bkd ct ]g gj jd k;D g; eg df Cgu hg kri eg kdlb , s T s X 4g rkg phu eg kr g krkg jiM henkv Bkd 4g krkg [n kdeg ]g hrkg kl' T s s s s , s s , s q s , s a z i hd henkv hldf hH ct jkv Sx kg spM eg g krxy kdeg ]g krkt kg kp , s a , s , s hu henkv Bkd hH ct dfk;D ]g hrkg h'q[ eg l knuV ]rkc g; g urpv `k s X , s X s , s X
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u ydycf rfi uiv ]g rkt kg jkOd rgc kr rfi d kjln eg e k;ufqn 4g q z s T s s s q s z s X w X , rjWt hd ukg jkOd rgc ]rfi uiv rgc 4kxn Cgu uxkt hHd jkv kx[j Sk s s s q z s q s s , s yl lm jkdgv kdlm ]gj rp4/3fuf go ]g d_fk; e ]krn Cgu uuke g; jk q s a s wa a T s s dgv kdltf jkv 4g d_fk; e df krn Cgu suuke jkdgv kjkeg 4g d_fk; e a , wa a T s a wa a T g krgd ukd ]yh'jkpof g e ]jk;'fkg g e ]jkn>el g e ]d_fk; jkv Te ]g , , wa T s wa T wa T a , , krgd go ]krn Cgu suuke kdlb jkdgv kjkeg 4g krd_fk; g; df y ukt e s s a , a X g ct ]g krdl kg hHr kjkdIN l krd_fk; udfy 4Sgfkp kukt kg kjkdIN , s q s a s s q sl krd_fk; ]g krgkp kugd likv e tkv 4Sgfkp kukt kg kjkdIN l ukK ]kg a wa s T s q s d ue yd 4Xtk[ ]sxjd jkpof kLkF ji lb kr gcl hd tkv g krjd unouf s T s X s\ s q wa s g; kr 4g _l kygi kd uxkt ]kukt Li Bk[nf g; dfk;D ]Bx kg rkc hLc kr s , w s \ X s \ s ]Skt Li Bk[nf g; jxv jkv g Cgu henkv Sg xkt ikv 4g henkv Sg Skl \ , T q s , q s ydycf ikv df kxLi Bk[nf kdikv hg kurm hxkg hjgx hurtf ][ji hdlb q s \ s s ]ukpgi hdlb ]tk[ hdlb ]'kgc k; g xtl go ]g gj jd okH eg skt ]g s s s , T s T gj pkl eg kt ]'kgc k; g xtl go ]g hgj gc leg k<? kt ]ei kt ]/k∂ s s s s s , , s 1 s zs s s s T s kt ]g gj jd jdkg xtl go ]g gj jd ekd eg kt 4F rpfjfi eg sl ;¬g s , s s s j jkl k;D ]g rukt eg kd kvygi jkl dlm k;D g gj jd jkpof jdkg xt s T s s X q s s T s s l go 4g rjd jkpof eg kt [ji thp dS7dS e hxntV kr g Cgu dWxkt T s s X X s , jkv xtl ;<uf s; ]g Cgu 'kg Bkd eub 4g ydufde ]urpv ydycf uy ; , Z , s s X , s , s q s s Z<uf d gjr lb df 4g l;jfI¬ef hurb hxntV ]g <i;¬gj hurb hxntV udfy s , s , Z w s 4hd hjkp sulb df kg k;df u d' ultf e kxky kl kn um kxskg henkv klS s s s X X s , s s ukd sygi Iuef pki ]kF krdl jd lko4/3of ukd 4g Cgu kd hjkp kdDlf , a , , s g; df kF krdl jd lko4/3of kje ukd ygi Iuef pki udfy ]kd uky[nf s , s a s s kF u cyre Bkd cv 4k;x gj ip e kr k;nf ky[nf ygi ulb udfy 4n k[ s q T s s s s wa nf kgo jkv yp krsy e hnk' kyp df kpkl hH ue 4g lki je go g kdDlf a , wa X s s s T , s s , jln df kF kgj gd henkv kt g; 4g dyfke kd dDlf jln kgd ulm ]kykd s w s wa s s w s uf jgkc kdDlf kjln kl,t hlm jkv kykL Fkg e lh[ uiv ulm jkv 4k;df w , X s s s , kL[ k;D o–im suer kr k;yf Cgu kdDlf uer ct ]kg yxki ld er ]kgd u \ X q s s q s s , q s X s s kxky kr 4kF jiM d ycI kdDlf ]kF k;yf Cgu kdDlf u jkpc u henkv lm s s s s s s 4g kvg k[j kdDlf go ph , q s u d urc lm df k[n su kxky jkv k;kOm l ji ycI kd urc d huki dS u s Z s X s , s s s Z s s jdku dS hHr jkv kF Cgu htkj go udfy F gj hH k>el xky ]kF yxki , , s s s s chtv ]kF krdl kyp hykx go ]kF Cgu dhO kuN kd henkv lm ]CF Gkl rc s w s , ku hd L\x> 4Sx Snf jd nc tkojn d j? jkl ]k;x k;df ukG kd lyfi 4B X a s s s s s q x I? kuI? rHnv jkv dS hrkv lyfi ygi dlb udfy 4kLi kujd ukG kd q , q s s s \ s s k;yfi ]k;yf y kdDlf su henkv lb 4g Gkl ]rkc Bx kg I‘i¬ hH kd cl e q s , s s g 4Bx kg I‘i¬ hH jkv rkc kr cr 4g e Fkg je ykr¬if g; ]kuykL d pkl s , s , X ss , s s
iEsd jqi;nm

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srje j,kv Xkg k;df /sk∂ ]Xkg hd k<1? uoht sjkl df krdl skg Cgu g; 4kd uoht sjwi ]Z"d‘uf ,g skr q;®1e ],g oHalv g; 4Skt kv Xe ue jkpof kd klgVv <{ sd q;®1e ],g hd klgV uoht sjkl df ,g krdl skg Cgu g; ]L\skpuf kd uoht sjkl ,g q;®1e ],g uydakv kd uoht sjkl q;®1e 4,g krskg {el sd ;‘que ;el sd q;®1e rwHjkl ra;®v hg kdlm ],g hd rfx rfakH ltf Xe kursp jH uoht 4,g krskg rî{fal jkl kd jH uoht skt ],g hrskg hgo k'n hd rpf Xe <{ sd q;®1e 4,g rwcl sdlm ],g Rf1ozi skt hd susn k[sk/ skd ikv7suiv hd ;‘que s; j,kv O> ra;®v ]Tg hd s[sk/ ra;®v Xrkc s; 4hxSkt skg _ofi j,kv hxSkt skg 0q' ke®kv hdlm ,g kgj je skt skr ]sn kuql w j,kv Nqd ]sn kuql n"ufim ]sn kuql krhx rDo srje Syflb j,kv ,g rîZk;i skr ]hxskg Hq' ]hxskg hNπv ]hxskg k'n hl,t hd rpf ;el srje df ,g kgj krkt kgd skt g; 4kxskg kuykHal skd rpf uoht sjkl df k; `kn;kG k;D uoht sjkl ],g rpfm kusy ykHal skd Xk<{ sd ;el srje jGf skr ]skg k'n hNπv hd Rpf ;el srje df ,g oHal g; jxv ],g kNwi u _ef dS hH j,kv n;k' ],g krkt paqgi Xe rfx hNπv 4,g krkt skg rDqe henkv hH skr skg hNπv k'n hd ue jxv s ;el srje df ,g krkt kgd hH g; udfsy 4,g dhO go ]hxsyef rfak' sl uk;÷ df ],g krkt kgd df ],g kNwi su _ef dS sygi slcl 4sxXjd eg jgiskn lb jkpof kl kL\skF ji um ]Skv lki sjse akg; uæzi sl rqgc ji XkvZkpp Xkuskn ub 4Cd rkc sueg gcql Xe /acal lb 4,g Cgu /acal Bskd d/fv sl kursp kdlm ],g lsul'akd kdlm ],g ydufsd,e ]d_fak; ra;®v uoht ;ükekl kjkeg 4Cgu ,g udfsy3,g krdl skg ke®kv rzxkt dS ;‘que 4Cgu ,g ],g krdl skg {1o thc 4,g krdl skg {1o go j,kv hxsOm lk;î ]hxsxkt k"kyHfv hd suuc {1o ]Xe Xk<kzi sdlm hHr ],g Cgu {1o go df kxskg hg kuukt g; skd thc 4Bx skg rîkel kuokHal hHl hd suskg {1o sd thc lm jGf skr ]k;x skg {1o go df ]Skt skg kn,i yk;[ g; skd thc hldf j,kv Cgu ,g {1o udfsy ,g krdl skg {1o thc 4,g thc dS 4kxSkt L\Nif Syf sd k'seg Xe tsk[ hd ke®kv go ],g ke®kv go hg hHv df ,g krkt skg kn,i ezH g; skdltf j,kv Cgu ,g udfsy ],g krdl skg h<kzi urspl dS ;‘que ]Cgu ,g udfsy ],g krdl skg ke®kv ;‘que 4,g kgj jd jkgo;ø kl,t ke®kv dS go df ,g ezH slm j,kv ,g _a; dS ;‘que gcql tkv3hd Zkpp sueg yd Xe /acal s; 4,g krsy Iakc d¥fc ]krjd Cgu rDqe go ,g Cgu kd a;o¬ ukK skt ],g drk? knk;† hH sl ukKv ]ukK jk/m 4,g hjWt hH j,kv kuL\skN skd ukK lm ]Tg k;yf [hl sl Xkjlwn sulm skd ukK ltf ]XL\skN skd ukKv suiv ;‘que df sygi sdlb df ]kgd g; slikv suTe udfsy 4kxsdl ki skd ;®l go skr Xdl L\skN skd ukKv suiv jxv ;‘que df ,g k;x kgd g; sl k'seg ],g u/ac kd ukK skr u/ac dS 6k;df jkpof sueg Xe /acal sd suL\skr sd Xku/ac skn sl Xeum ],g u/ac skt ji rpf sd ;‘que ]tkv j,kv yd

4Bx kg hji d s w Oc hd gcl nkc dlm jkv Iuef ln dS ]xXOc jn hLkF Syf d uk;÷ d gcql , q s , s , s s\ s s eg hHv 4kxWd rkc e k;÷l jkv jgikn go ]xkg u4/3i hH kt e /cal lb a X a , s s X z s X a 4kxWd rkc hd _l jlhr e yd jkv l krd_fk; ]g a w s T , s a wa krgd likv e tkv 4Sgfkp kjkdIN l ukK ]kgd ue yd 4kxWd yd e rkc s T q s s T a T hd _l hj[fkv kr 4krdl kg Cgu hH Nd l ugd je go 4g krdl kg go hg w s s q s s ss , s s kr sx[n g; ikv udfy 4kxWd yd e rkc hdlb g krdl kg k;D go ]g kr X s s a T , s , dl kg Nd nkc dlb jGf 4e uoht d ;‘que hrkg Cgu kuI? Bkd hjkdrfk∂ h s q s X s s s a Lc llb kr Skt Om rkc g; jxv jkv 'kgc ydycf eg 4F Cgu dyfke sdl \ s s , s s q s m eg ]Cgu k;df ueg ]g kvg leg go ]g k;df Nd kt ueg e hxntV 4hd s T q s , q s s X suy [n rkc g; g Cgu uOfd kr sx[n kdlb jxv jkv hd Rpf je Bkpπl g s s , s X s s , ss , k;D ]g k;D Bkpπl df g rjWt hd ujd pkt l krjkOd rgc rfi uiv 4Cg , , s a s s q z s
iEsd jqi;nm

].ue®kv ;zif

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38 fo 04 egaP

j,kv k;yf ugi skr kvqg ct j,kv k;nf [j jdjkrm df rfakH hd XkL\id ,g Cgu skr rkc hlsS Bskd Rpf `kxSkt skg sl,d henkv kjlwn 4kxsjd kuZFkzi Xe jnfae lm skr hgo ]kF g; skt sIa? lBsr 4kxsjd ktwi Xe jnfae lm skr hgo ]kF g; skt sIa? lBsr 4kxsjd 'sozi Xe jnfae lm skr hgo ]kF g; skt sIa? lBsr 4Xe jnfae lm henkv kjlwn kxSkt skg sl,d g; ]kxskg krkt skg henkv kjlwn hg Xe jnfae lm Tg srpskl ikv k;D skr 4,g krkt kyp jnfae sIa? dS ]sjd hH Nqd sIa? lBsr henkv dS 4,g jk;'fskg rqgc Xe susn k[sk/ hH skd nq[ ]hg ,g skr Xe susn k[sk/ skd Xkjlwn j,kv ,g jk;'fskg Xe susn k[sk/ eg udfsy 4,g Cgu i¥dof Bskd kjlhr phc sd skn ],g hrskg _ofiv k; ,g hrskg _ofi kjk/ hd rpf skr k; ,g oHalv g; ]sgj _ofiv s Ia? lBsr hdkc j,kv Skt skg _ofi go cr sO,c ct Xe jnfae Syf sd sIa? dS df ,g krdl skg Cgu g; 4,g kjk/ rrl dS hH hd Rpf ],g kxax dS hH hd Rpf 4Skt skg _ofiv sxkv jGf j,kv Skt skg _ofi ji h'kd j,kv ,g _ofiv sygi sd h'kd kxax df ,g krdl skg Cgu g; 4,g sxkv sd h'kd kxax hgo ],g ji Ik? sd h'kd kxax hgo ,g sygi sd h'kd kxax skt ],g ;®rkl dS skr kxax ]skd rkc lb kxsuke u,kd skr 4,g hrkt skg _ofiv jGf nkc sd h'kd j,kv hF Cgu _ofi s ygi sd h'kd ],g hrkt skg _ofi jdkv Xe h'kd df sgd g; Bskd skr ],g hrgc sl ;ykegf kxax skr 4hrdl gj Cgu kF;üv sllm Xe sIa? dS ],g hrgj akgt kursp sIa? lBsr dfXk;D 4,g kd s[sk/ j,kv kOw> yqdycf ],g k;krcf Xe Ze/ skt kIa? dS go skr Xe uoht ,g rhjiof sIa? lBsr jxv ]henkv go ,g krjd k;D sIa? lBsr 4k;x skg de√k/ Te ],g krpskl j,kv ,g krsy jd kuZFkzi j,kv ktwi jdskg nac Xe sjed suiv jdO,c skd sIa? dS gcql henkv Bskd 4kuke Cgu r/facal hH hHd uoht sjwi sd Ze/ xsky eg df ,g hrskg kn,i Syflb hlsy,G g; ]rfakzH g; j,kv 4krdl skg Cgu de√k/ Xe <{ sd suje Bskd ]sl uoht zxel ],g sl uoht zxel ],g sl uoht zxel /acal kd Ze/ ]awn gd g; I‘i¬ rqgc slikv Te 4Tg srsn sn kd,ke kd sudIH Xe uoht suiv jd k[lf Xrkc hd gjr lb skd Xkxsky eg <jkd sdutf ]Tg s[sk/ slsS g; j,kv 4hrdl skg Cgu rkc j,kv hd h>elku knk;† sl sukuql _ae j,kv krhx Xe ukd sd henkv srje dS Syflb 4kxskg {el sdlm hgo ,g krskg re√uf kl,t go ],g srjd re√uf skd rpf eg uoht s jwi 4,g e∂ drl dS ],g Cgu kuI? de¬fdkv Bskd rpf dfXk;D 4hrdl skg Cgu suekl go ],g hgj kt hP\i krhx skt go ]hxskg hgo 4hxskg suekl hH Xe <{ srje go ]hF suekl ukdwn skt jH uoht ]skt jH uoht 4hrdl skg Cgu jwn rDo srje go ]hF hgj suekl ukdwn skt jH uoht 4,g sØdb hg; xsky cl k; ,g kO,c Bskd ji ukdwn df kF kgj kxy cklgf kjkpsc go 4,g kgj jd <je¬ <jkd sd eszi go rDo srje df hF hgj pskl hu®i 4kxsO,c u,kd ji ukdwn jGf ]cyre k;D kdlb kgd sulm j,kv k;x O,c jdOm sl endS go nkc sd suNwi skd sdL\y Xopaki 4sF nwt,ke sdL\y Xkpaki sdlm ]kIskN sllm j,kv kgd sulm 4,g nwt,ke hH go ]kgd su hu®i ]kF nwt,ke hH go ]kdL\y kIskN kjse j,kv kNwi sulm ],g nwt,ke kdL\y kL\c Gjr Ebkc hg lki sd jr¬cf sdikv ]u aSkjc? kgd sulm ],g kgj kv <je¬ kd eszi Xe <{ sd q;®1e ],g kgj kv <je¬ kd eszi Xe <{ sd q;®1e ]kvqg Xe ue sd hu®i 4,g kgd kdL\y kL\c kjse kNwi skd hu®i huiv j,kv hysk[ [akv su henkv lm ]hF Bx kv hL\? erfav hd suje ],g oHalv kupc df kF k;nf gd su Xkdl®dfpf 4hF hO,c lki sd Xkj,i sdlm hu®i hdlm ]kF kØdb Fkl sdlm jkojfi kjkl hdlm 4kF ji k;…,l7<je henkv dS ]huql kuI? dS suTe 4krdl yp Cgu Xe k;ufqn hd ke®keji udfsy ]Xkg sryp Xe k;ufqn sd henkv ,g krdl skg ]k;P\fc s[sk/ sd gjr lb 4kxSkt skg dhO cl j,kv kxsn yskc _ae Bskd Xe ukd ]sxXy uql krhx rDo srje ]skjd hH Nqd jH uoht ]Tg srskg dql®m k'seg sd suykduf dr Fkl Xchdjr eg dfXk;D udfsy 4,g krskg ZFel Xe suync hH skd q;®1e hgo ],g krync skt skd uoht sjwi ]sxXy jk/ql eg skd <{ sd q;®1e df sgj u hH Bskd Xe s[sk/ lb Syflb 4kxskg Fkl sd hlm Rpf Xe <{ sd q;®1e ],g k;df rt√v Nqd skt Xe rpf jH uoht ]kxskg Idzi Xe yG hgo ]kF kiNf skt Xe thc skr 4,g hrskg rîkel k_k; hd thc jdkt akgo ],g q;®1e hd thc yG ],g rav kdlm yG ],g rkvQq' hd k_k; thc 4Skt kv sOhe yG j,kv Sskc soL\d eg thc df krdl skg Cgu g; ]kgd skdikv yd suTe kl,t ]kxSkt paqgi ji j['f suiv hgo ],g e∂ skt ],g hIw;uhIud skt ],g k'n skt hd Rpf jH uoht ],g L\skt skt kd jH uoht skr Xe <{ sd q;®1e 4hrdl skg Cgu rkc Bskd j,kv oHalv knk;† sllb 4Skt jH sl eszi Rpf <{

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 14 egaP

4sgj Cgu sjlwn ji uhet xsky de√k/v knk;† slum ]hxXkg hL\? suXkgütf aSkFd s; 4sn gd ekj7ekj ]rDo srje sgj k;skl ]Xjd hukeBsc ]Xjd hjskp ]Xjd k;®g jH7uoht rDo srje henkv dS df ,g Cgu nktB hd Rpf de√k/ Bskd g; 4,g nktB hd Rpf hiki sjkeg Xrkc hd hjk;'fskg hlsS ]Skt skg hH kjkdIqN jdsy ekj7ekj j,kv Xjd hH iki 4Skt skg yg kyeke j,kv Xy jd ekj7ekj df Tg srgkp kutsk[ sr¬kj sr¬l Bskd hiki ]Tg XnktB hd Xk;ifki g; 4k;x kyp Zxo¬ go skr ]k;yf sy eku kd <;kjku7<;kjku rDo srje su henkv Bskd df ,g Xrkc hd s[sk/ hdkc ],g krskg hFkl kjkeg Xe <{ sd q;®1e hgo ]Xe F¬rav ]Tg srjd /çyim ]Tg srki Xe uoht eg skt 4,g krdl kt Cgu k;sk[ Xe <{ sd q;®1e slm ]k;x k;ki Xe uoht skt 4krdl kt k;ki Cgu Xe <{ sd q;®1e go ]k;x k;ki Cgu Xe uoht skt ],g krki j,kv ,g krskg /çyim skd ke®keji hH Xe <{ sd q;®1e rDf;ø hg kl,o ],g krskg /çyim skd ke®keji Xe uoht ],g krskg /çyim skd naukv Xe uoht rDf;ø kl,o ],g hrgj hrjtqx ],g hrgj hrskg rr√ojfi sl rfak∂ dS kursp rrl hdlm ]kursp hdlm 4,g krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb 4skg kO,c Xe kyk'q/e sgkp j,kv skg kO,c Xe jnfae sgkp ]skg krxkt sgkp ]skg krskl sgkp go jGf 4,g krsy ync skd kjk/ kursp huiv sjh/7sjh/ rDf;ø hgo ],g krskg Z<wiuk;÷ rrl Syf sd sukt sy Xe ;üw' j,kv rfak' skd ue suiv hgo ,g Xe Xk;L\f? hH hl,t ],g krskg u≈yal Xe sujd 0qczi dWxkt skd kursp huiv Cgo ],g hH kl,t ],g hH akgt 4,g krskg yh'lk;zi rrl Syf sd rfak' hdlm ],g krskg u≈yal Xe <jxkt sd kursp huiv jH uoht rDf;ø skt skr 4,g krskg kuync hg kjwi slm rrl ,g kjk/ hdlm j,kv hØdb ]La[v ,g kursp 4,g Cgu ;kim Bskd kd Igkync Xe XkL\dqI7XkL\dqI j,kv La[7La[ 4,g hrskg huync kursp hjwi ],g hrskg huync kursp ;¥wekv zxel skd ;‘que 4,g hpaqgi Cgu sl rkc hldf j,kv ,g hpaqgi ufkg hurtf sl rkc lb Xe uoht de√k/ 4hxSkt skg dhO cl rkc skr Sx skg de√k/ eg jxv rDo srje df k;nf jd kn,i ezH hH g; ]Tg srdl skg de√k/ skd jsn hL\skF eg skr Xe ezH hlb 4sxaSkuc de√k/ slm rhxal j,kv rfak' rrl hd kursp hdlm ]Z;nTkl rrl kd kursp hdlm ]naukv rrl kd kursp hdlm ]kr_ofi rrl hd kursp hdlm ]skg jnfae hxnwt,ke hdlm ]skg jnfae akgo ]skg kO,c akgt go ]awg krgd de√k/ Te hg skd rDf;ø sd gjr sjlwn 4skg jnfae hgo skg sO,c akgt so df Skuc rfakH lb skd rpf so dS j,kv Sx skg de√k/ df Xpskl j,kv aSkt Xe Xkjnfae skt so skr dS 6,g xsky sd gjr skn 4kxaMkt Cgu Xe nt¬fe cv 4awgj Xe nt¬fe hgo awgj hH akgt Te df awg kxy Xe ''fskd lb Te sl tkv j,kv k;nf jd nac kukt Xe nt¬fe suTe sl tkv Syflb j,kv 4kxskg u hH Nqd sl sukt nt¬fe ],g krdl skg uZrojfi hg skr skg rr√ojfi jxv kursp hd sIa? lhc,kp df k;kv yk;[ s>qe hg rkj yd skr g; 4kxaMkt skg sl,d de√k/ jrhH skr awg de√k/v jgkc Te jxv 4kxawgj jrhH sd nt¬fe Te skr hgo ]awg jgkc sd nt¬fe skt Te df k;df Cgu yk;[ g; hHd suTe udfsy ]kxaMkt skg de√k/ sl sukt Xe nt¬fe df kF krpskl Te 4kF Xe ywH Te ]kyskc jhdG kP\wc go 4Sx dwp tkv go ]hF hdwp Cgu rkc skt sl Z"o jRl 4Sx dwp tkeu ]skg sgj jd k;D g; 4Tg Sx skg dr¬fku Xe sikP\qc ikv df kgd su Xkxsky sjkl skr 4kF kje go u j,kv kF jkehc go u ]kF kntV go 4kF kgj kx krhx kvqg kO,c sphu sd L\k> suiv Sqg SkOm hjta[ huiv go ]Sx skg ukj,g jd [sn sko udfsy 4Sx Gjr hd j? sd jhdG lm xsky sjkl sko ]k;kv Cgu skd hldf yk;[ Bskd kjlwn 4skg k;x je rkj jhdG df sdlb ;kolf k;kv Cgu jhdG df k;ki su Xkxsky gcql unf dS udfsy ]hxsdl skg hH sd jhdG kucf nt¬fe df kF krkv Cgu hH Xe kui¥d hHd 4sF sxy supskl Fkl hg dS skd jhdG lm j,kv nt¬fe xsky sd oakx lm j,kv skg kgj rF¬fiquv go df kF u klsS unf Bskd 4k;x hH skr kF jkehc ]kF kryp e∂ g; dr zem hd Z"o jRl 4Skt dwp tkeu ,g krdl skg ]skg u nt¬fe akgo ,g krdl skg df k;x Cgu Xe oakx sjlwn jdL\skN skd oakx suiv hHd go sl jL lb j,kv hd hjwi sulm tkeu Xkpaki 4kgj krkt Xe nt¬fe Syf sd tkeu jrajuf dr ˜k"o jRl Bskd go ]kuql suTe rckc sd jhdG dS 4,g de√k/ akgo ],g akgt go 4,g Cgu rjWt Bskd hd sukt Xe jnfae hldf sdlm ]skg de√k/ henkv skt j,kv 4krdl skg Cgu de√k/ hH jdO,c Xe jnfae go ],g Cgu de√k/ henkv skt Syflb ],g k'n djfrakv hjkeg skr rpf 4k;nf [j jdjkrm cr kgkp ct

iEsd jqi;nm

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Cgüm hH go ]hF hgj yp Xe ukuw; sl ykl Xkjktg udfsy ],g ryx yqdycf g; df k;kv Cgu hH yk;[ slm 4Cn [yf ulm hF ryfpzi dfXk;D udfsy ]Tg ak;>felku g; df k;kv Cgu hH yk;[ slm j,kv hF ryfpzi ;el lm df skt ],g s h[yf ak;Gfwdosc hlsS Xe Xkckrdf huiv sulm 4,g krkt k>el krif kd jkpof j,kv kd Zdr Xe epæfi df skt su wr¬jv 4,g krkt skg k/av rfzi sdlm luke7dsky skr ]sgj ryfpzi rkc Bskd dr ˜k"o Xkjktg dr Xkunf rqgc jxv ]rkc g; hrL\i Cgu Bk[nf udfsy 4,g Cgu /acal hH Bskd kdlb ]/acal k;D kdlb ,g krdl skg g; sl,d ]dr Xk<kzi ,g krdl sl,d hH paqgi Msut 4,g krpaqgi Cgu dr Xk<kzi go 4,g krgj kL\i Xe syx rfakH hd Msut k; ,g krgj kxy ji jlf sjkeg rfakH hd sdhI sjkeg Ze/ ]Ze/ j,kv jrhH sjkeg ,g hrkt paqgi XL\t hdlm ]dr Rpf urspv sjkeg g krkt lq? ],g krsn jd ryfsknakv skd Xk<kzi sjwi sjkeg skr iki 4Tg srkt uc Sjfqx Xe Fkg sjkeg Ze/ j,kv ,g krkt ync , skd kursp hjkeg skr iki ]sxX>el skd Ze/ lskO gjr hd iki eg unf ltf ]unf lm kxsIwI iki 4skvkP\c iki Syflb ],g kgj krskg g; df ,g g; r;yflv ],g kgj skg ed g; df Tg srkpe jkgskx s; so 4,g kgj P\c iki Syflb ]Tg sgj it ekj7ekj xsky ed ],g kgj P\c iki Syflb ]Tg sgj kt jnfae ed xsky cv Xe k;ufqn 4Tg kgj kt krP\c iki Syflb rjsG Cgu kyke sdL\y s; 4,g kgj gc iki Syflb ],g hgj kt hjsG ed kyke sk[sn df srsn kte jsk'7jskt j,kv so 4skjd s kl,o ]skjd klsS ]skit ekj7ekj j,kv skjsG kyke df Tg srjd jkpzi kd Xkrkc hjkl ub yxki skt g; skr ,g krjkg Ze/ j,kv 4,g kgj jkg hH tkv j,kv tskj7tskj k;x kyp krjkg Ze/ j,kv ,g krkt rht iki ],g krkt jkg Ze/ Syflb ],g Bkog dufi¥kd yqdycf Ze/ j,kv ZFkF; lskO ],g hylv yqdycf iki ]Sgfkp Ze/ hylv hg kl,t iki 4hrskg Cgu rfak∂ skr Cgu ],g hrskg rfak∂ Xe uoht skr ]Sgfkp kuskg Ze/ hylv hg kl,t iki 4,g r;yflv hjkeg iki j,kv ,g k[sk/ kjkeg Ze/ dfXk;D ],g Cgu Z;pækv Bskd Xelb ]k;x krskg ed Ze/ j,kv k;x krP\c iki Xe k;ufqn Syflb 4,g kvqg kdIf ji chdjr hr¬l Bskd hd sl,i jkp kjkeg Ze/ udfsy ],g kvqg kuc <kzi kjkeg skr iki 4,g ZFv k;D Xelb ],g dqr k;D Xelb ],g rfxal k;D Xelb df hrL\i Cgu hH Bk[nf h>elku g; ]hrL\i Cgu hH Bk[nf hILfjliv g; 4Tg sgj jsG s l Fkg skdlm jdsy kyke dS df ,g hr¬l hL\c chdjr hd suykduf j,kv ,g kvqg klq? Xe <kzi sjwi sjkeg ],g kjgx iki ]sgj jsG Cgu kyke eg df ,g hg; iki k;D 4kxSkt skg de√k/ sl sukdl[f Sjfqx skt ]k;D k;x skg hiki sl sukdl[f u Sjfqx Bskd ],g krskg de√k/ Bskd sl sukdl[f skdlb jd nhj[ s;jfqx sl jktkc Bskd 4Tg sgj jd uiyxki k;D eg df ,g krkv Cgu hH <je¬ Bskd eg df Tg srkt syp Sdf jd uke skdlm Xe sjkl skr j,kv ,g kgj skg k;D g; df ,g hrkt skg ZFelv Xe su[sn ],g hrkt skg h/av X[akv hjkeg Syflb ],g hryp rkc dS sl ykl Xkjktg dfXk;D 4,g kgj skg Ze/ g srpskl j,kv Tg srgj srkdl[f s;jfqx sdlm ]Tg srsy nhj[ kyke hd sukv jkp7skn eg df ,g rkc chtv hurdf g; 4,g T krdl ki sl,d Sdf kucf skd ke®keji go ],g krki skd iki hg sdjd iki dfXk;D ]Cgu jd it ],g krdl ki skd ukoxH hg jdskg ukoxH henkv Bskd 4kxskg Cgu kuit ]kxskg hg kujd hH skd ukoxH ]kxskg Cgu hH Nqd sl it hH ukoxH 4,g krIiuf sdjd skd iki skd iki j,kv ,g krgkp kusy Iiuf sl suit skd ukoxH ],g ukeBsc kurdf Rpf 4Xgd k;D k; sxXgd hdkykp skdlb ]lsuxuVd skdlb ]hjk;'fskg hL\c 4,g krit ekj7ekj Syf sd suIwN udfsy ],g krjd go skr k;®g ]hxsL\i hujd skr k;®g ]hxskg Cgu k;®g sl sujd it sd k;®g df ,g krukt rfakH7hyH go ]krjd Cgu go g; ]Bx skg e®[ rkc Xy jd it kd k;®g7k;®g jdO,c skr hy jd k;®g hd henkv dS 4k;x skg e®[ kyeke Xy jd it df krjd Cgu it kd iki rDo lm 4,g krjd skr iki ]kr>el Cgu yg skd syeke jdit iki7iki go rDo srjd iki udfsy 4k;x skg yg kyeke df ,g krpskl j,kv ,g krsy it ekj7ekj Bskd 4Tg hy ykduf Xchdjr yjl hl rqgc sueg skr 4Tg srgkp kukt hH IwN sllm sl chdjr yjl hldf j,kv Tg srgkp kujd hH iki eg 4,g jkd‘ofv sd Rpf hiki sjkeg g; ]hxXkg Bkuc ak;ufkgd g; suXkgüdf ]hxXkg hd nktB suXkgüdf ]hxXkg hL\? suXkgüdf g; 4Cgu Bkpπl Bskd hH hd jH hRj Xeub ],g Ow> hurb Xrkc hjkl hd hjkl hlsS j,kv aSkFd hlsS j,kv ukoxH slsS 4Tg srsn tsH Zxo¬ skdlm k;yf eku kjse sulb sk[sn df g srkt skg Ulzi jiM ukoxH j,kv ,g akgd wr <;kjku df skd sdL\y suiv ],g krkyqc skd <;kjku suiv rDo srje go T 4,g <;kjku eku kd sdL\y sdlm ]jskp ukeBsc ]kjk;®g kd jH uoht ,g kgj je henkv dS df3hL\? aSkFd s; suXkgütf

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lm ]skn L\skN eqr g; skr 4sxskdl jd kosl hd Xkxsky sl,d Fkl sd Xk_¬o ub eqr ]sxXjd kosl hjkgéqr xsky jdsy skd Xk_¬o ub dfXk;D sxXkg susn L\skN _¬o SQsx s; 4sxXkg susn L\skN _¬o djf,x g; df kxskg kujd g; ekd kygi skr skg hujd kosl jxv 2_ef df kgd su h/akx skr 4awg krgkp kujd kosl Te df kgd suXkgüm j,kv k;kv hlk;üal dS lki sd h/akx 4,g Cgu hjk;,r Bskd hdlb hd suL\skN thp hd jgkc ],g kL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd Xe 0fqc hdlb sd jgkc dfXk;D 4,g kxkH jdL\skN Syflb ]kxskg kgj tkjku sl hu®i g; n;k' ]hxskg Bx skg j,kv rkc Nqd n;k' ,g ;¥we kurdf kd suL\skN sd jklal sdlb ],g jskted Xe uL\skN _¬o SQsx s; jxv j,kv ,g kL\skN g; sltf Xe jklal lm ,g ;¥weqgc hH j,kv _¬o SQsx g; k;D `,g kl,d xkenf s g; ],g kl,d henkv g; 4krdl L\skN Cgu sL\id sd xaj SQsx udfsy ],g krsn L\skN skdcl ub hu®i j,kv spπc ]hF¬g1x ]g krL\skN j? 4awg krdl L\skN sl,d g; df Tg srkt iad <kzi sdlm ]skn L\skN _¬o SQsx eqr ]_ef df skgd sl hlk;üal , hjk/_¬o SQsx dS udfsy ],g krsn L\skN spπc j,kv hu®i ],g krsn L\skN hF¬g1x ],g krsn L\skN j? ],g krkt skg hlk;üal jdL\skN hF¬g1x7j? henkv dS 6,g xsky dutZ;pækv sL\c eg udfsy 4kxsL\i kusn L\skN gske kd gjr jg kd jgkc slm ],g kukt jrhH sltf 4<jkd sdlm ]kxSkt dQ jgkc go ]kxsL\di skdlm skt ],g jgkc skt ]<jdim j,kv Bskd kd jgkc u ]_¬k' sd jgkc u ]kerfzi hd jgkc u thp hH Bskd ],g Cgu ZFel Xe sukt sy jrhH thp hH Bskd hd jgkc 4,g jgkc hÈigaqe ]'sozi jrhH ,g uk;÷ ],g Bqg h/ac akg; hÈigaqe j,kv ,g kukt Xe ke®kv ,g uk;÷ 4,g /acal k;D kd hÈigaqe sl uk;÷ 4/acal k;D kd hÈigaqe sl kuZFkzi Bx skg ng cv 4,g kr/akc hÈigaqe ]Syf sd sujd kuZFkzi huiv Bskd skr hÈigaqe 4hy uhN hÈigaqe hd hldf df k;df rpfquv kL\c suikv df ;k;üv kL\c skr g; df ,g kvqg kNwi uæzi suXkgüm 4,g kvqg kNwi uæzi dS suXkgüm ]sxXkg syko hÈigaqe go ]kxskg k;x skg [qn skd _ef dS skr 4,g Cgu skr kvqg k/ac sl hÈigaqe Cgd henkv g; df awdl [sn Te df kF Syflb ]hd xyv 4kd sujd xyv ,g utsk;zi k;D s>qe skr sgj s[j hH krwt ji jlf Bskd ]sl sujd xyv hÈigaqe hd hldf ,g utsk;zi k;D s>qe ]hy jd xyv hÈigaqe q/kl dS suTe df kgd suTe rkj yd 4Tg Bx skg hØdb jiM sjkeg ak;>felku hd ykl Xkjktg ji eku sd Ze/ ]Tg sL\[ eg Xe uis/av slsS 4Tg krsn jd k/av j,kv j/fc skd Xk<kzi sjkeg jkpzi kd Z "o Xkjktg ]Tg srkt skg ZFelv Xe supskl ]Tg srkt skg ZFelv Xe su[sn ]k'n hd rpf hjkeg ,g hrkt skg h/av hlsS 4srdl Cgu skg hHd jckjc ]sxXkg Skv xm knk;† Bskd ]hxskg hckj[ Bskd Xe Xkrakn sd h_¬ hjkgéqr 4Tg srskg ed rakn sd Xk;_¬f df g kvqg k[yf hH su djkpof ukge sl,t wr¬jv sl ykl Xkjktg ],g kvqg hHd g; Tg sgj L\skr kjiaji hjkeg eqr 4sjke jF®i , skdlm su Xkxsky ]suxf rakn sd Xk;_¬f kGn hygi su henkv ltf 4Tg ed rakn sd Xk;_¬f df kF krkt kuke g; hH nkc sd suje sd wr¬jv sygi ykl jktg dS 4krkt k>el >elku skr krjd d' Bskd j,kv kF k;D d' Xelb df hF hrgd k;ufqn ]hjkl hF hryp rkc Xe ckrdf hn [yf ]h>el Cgu rjWt Bskd hd suuxf 4Xuxf Cgu udfsy ]awy uxf rakn sjkgéqr Te kjt 2skO,c hosn df 4kF ,g krdl gd skd wr¬jv hrehJ ;el hH hldf go j,kv lki sdlm hF Xrj,kv skn ]hF Cgu rj,kv dS 4hdlm hF rkc chtv j,kv k;nf [yf Syflb j,kv Tg ed rakn sd Xk;_¬f df ,g k[j uql Xe ukuw; su wr¬jv 4hL\i Cgu so Xe I>a> ]s[yf Cgu _¬k' Bskd suXkgüm udfsy 4Tg jk} sd dju "Qqi hr[yf so skr hr[yf _¬k' ak;_¬f jxv ]hxskg Bx akgd h_¬ ]sxaSkt syp dju skr "Qqi 4,g akgd jk} Syf sdlm dfXk;D hxXkg hdl kt u dju dr cv h_¬ Bskd jGf skr ,g jk} sd dju ak;_¬f jxv ],g rkc hd hukj,g hL\c ],g jk} sd dju ak;_¬f df ,g k[yf Xeum ]Tg s[yf _¬k' skt su Xk"Qqi 4Tg srdl kt {ske so jGf kxsL\i kusy eüt "Qqi skdum sygi 4,g k;nf Cgu jkd/fv kd sukt {ske skd Xk;_¬f Xeum ,g s[yf _¬k' skt su Xk"Qqi Syflb Xe syeke hH hldf ,g hrdl skg ukel sdlb ak;_¬f df ,g Cgu htkj skd suuke g; jkdagv kd "Qqi 4,g hrdl skg ukel s l,d hH Xe rakn ],g hrdl skg ukel sdum Xe rkc hH hldf ak;_¬f df Tg Xdl Cgu hg htkj skd suuke hHd "Qqi df ,g g; ylv 4Tg srskg ed sl Xk"Qqi rakn sd Xk;_¬f df kF krkt kuke Xe ukuw; dfXk;D ]Tg srskg ed sl Xk"Qqi rakn sd Xkrj,kv ,g k[yf sulm 4Tg sgj gd eg k;D g; df kL\i Cgu Bk[nf hH skdlm 4hF Bx jH Xe xkenf sdlm hH go ]kF kyi phc sd

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skr sF sNπv xsky sd sygi jxv ],g hIym yqdycf Bkpπl ],g j,kv Nqd Bkpπl Cgu 4k;x skg kn,i sl,d jkdof sl sNπv lm ]Bx skg sl,d kn,i rfάal hjqc sl rfάal hNπv go skr 4Sx skg sl,d kn,i xsky sjqc sl Xkxsky sNπv skr sF ji uhet xsky sNπv jxv j,kv sF cd xsky sd sygi s; ]sF sNπv xsky sd sygi ]Tg sjqc xsky df Tg srgd g; I¬bk∂ 4sF sNπv xsky sd sygi 4Tg sjqc xsky ]k;x skg ckj[ kuket df Tg srgd g; jhokge j,kv 0qc 4sF cd xsky sd sygi s; ]sF sNπv xsky sd sygi 4Tg sNπv xsky sd hHv skg krgd g; skt ]Cgu [sy¥m hH dS klsS lki sd rfkt7;‘que dr cv Tg sNπv s; ]Tg nwt,ke xsky skt 4Tg sNπv xsky sd hHv ]skg kgd g; sultf ,g hyef Cgu ckrdf hlsS hH dS dr tkv ]sF cd xsky sd sygi g; 4sF sNπv rqgc xsky sd sygi ],g Bx skg ckj[ k;ufqn hd tkv df ,g kvqg k[yf g; hH Xe ckrdf hukjqi lm 4,g hukjqi Z"o jktg gN Bskd skt ],g /çyim Xe uhp ckrdf hukjqi slcl ]Tg /çyim Xckrdf hukjqi sl hukjqi skt ji uhet `,g k;D <jkd kd sukt skg kn,i sd yk;[ sd gjr lb df Cgu kri skdikv n;k' 4kF kNπv rqgc henkv kd sygi df ,g krskg kn,i yk;[ klsS sllb ],g k;x skg ckj[ henkv kd tkv ]hF Cgu hNπv sl tkv hH k;ufqn hd s ygi 4Cgu cklgf Bskd kdltf ,g ryx sl iW hnk;ufqc hurb rkc g; 4hF hNπv k;ufqn hd sygi df ,g kvqg kL\[ ji ezH hnk;ufqc lb ],g Bx skg ckj[ k;ufqn hd ydtkv df kugd g; skr dS 6Tg hjWt husy >el Xrkc skn Xe uæzi lb 4Skt k;ky sl,d ji sr¬kj dhO skd k;ufqn ckj[ lb 4,g Bx skg ckj[ k;ufqn hd ydtkv df g rkc g; hH Xelm k;kx rhx skt g; hHv 4,g Bx skg ckj[ k;ufqn hd ydtkv ,g kNwi suXkgüm 4kxskg krOm uæzi go , hH Xe ue sdcl ikv 4,g hrkt hNwi gxt7gxt Xe d¥qe sjwi chjd7chjd rkc hl,o j,kv ,g kNwi su _ef dS sygi slcl 4kxaWd ''fskd hd susn jRm kd dS7dS Xe is{al sL\skF rqgc Te ]Tg rqgc dfawp uæzi 4sxXjd jkpof Xe rkj ji Nqd j,kv hHv ji Xkuæzi sl sL\skF Nqd 4Tg sd o®ge rqgc ]Z<wiZFv rqgc uæzi hHl ]Tg Skv lki sjse uæzi sl rqgc Xe /acal sd XkvZkpp hyNif 4kxskg kpskl g; ]kxskg kgj jd rfqr¬ hd ukoxH ]kxskg kgj P\i Oki ]kxskg kgj jd ktwi ]kxskg kgj jd kuZFkzi ]kxskg kgj jd uk;÷ jdO,c jhdG skt go sulm kxskg kpskl ]k;x suyef ktkj dS Xe ukikt g; sl jhdG dS 4krdl skg Cgu g; skr Cgu ],g krdl skg uZrojfi g; hg skr ]rkc g; hxskg hukt skg I‘ofzi Xe lkoæ7lkoæ j,kv Xe hRj7hRj j,kv <d7<d sdlm ,g uoht kjkeg kjwi skt go Gbky yIskI skr g; ]kxskg <jdim zxel kd uoht sjwi skr g; 4,g krdl jd rDo srje Bskd tsk[ go u j,kv Xe jnfae hldf ,g krdl jd jdO,c kIa? dS Bskd u Bskd tsk[ go j,kv gzxkv kd tsk[ hdlm ],g k;D jrhH ]'sozi kd kO‘uf djfrakv j,kv hukt IwN kO‘uf hd jgkc ,g rkc hygi 4krdl skg Cgu ;nm kd Ze/ Xe uoht sdum ],g kO‘uf hdutf jgkc ],g k0J hdutf jgkc 4,g Cgu Ze/ g; ],g Ze/ g; df Tg sr>el eg skdlb j,kv ,g kvqg rlfdof lkdof kjkl kd kjkl kjkeg sl ue sIskN sl,d g; 4krkt gj Cgu hlk;üal henkv go skr Skt ync thp hl hurm j,kv g ryx thp hl u,kd j,kv ,g dhO thp hl u,kd df Tg srgj srL\y BkL\y ji Xkthp ub hlk;üal sjkl s; j,kv kuL\y BkL\y , ji lm j,kv ;¬gj ,g kiNf cl Xelm df ku>el skdlm 4kukdipf rfakH hd Xk<kzi skdlm ]gzxkv j,kv L\di jiM sdlm udfsy 4sukt go ]kxShi ]kxSk[ Nqd ]kxsugi skr Nqd u Nqd sugi _¬o kvQsx ]s/akc hÈigaqe Bskd jGf ]Sgfkp kuskg /skc g; 4,g Cgu /acal hH Bskd kdlm sl q;ko ],g djfrakv sl iW drfa;®kv endS kuskg de√k/ ],g rfak∂ djfrakv j,kv hjgx hL\c kuskg de√k/ 4,g hjWt hukv k;n ji 0fqc hdlm ]sgj skg de√k/ eg sl Xkrkc ub df Xkg krpskl g; skt udfsy 4,g kr¬kj uklkv kL\c skr cr ],g hrskg de√k/ slsS k;ufqn jxv 4,g BkuOfd k;D ],g krdl kt k;koxy dyrf skd Xkxsky sjkl 4,g BkuOfd k;D ],g hrdl kt Bko/ac ak;Èfigaqe uwukd ji gaqe sd Xkxsky sjkl ],g BkuOfd k;D ],g krdl kt krski sl xaj kvQsx skd k;ufqn hjkl ]Tg sO,c XL\skN Xk;D eg dr unf surb rkc uklkv hurb 4kxSkt skg lk;üal sxXugi _¬o SQsx xsky sjkl ]kxSkt skg {ske ]hxSkt ync k;ufqn 4Xugi _¬o SQsx xsky sjkl df Xy kuc uwukd ]Xrewdqg df k;ufqn ],g rkc uklkv hL\c skr cr ],g lk;üal _¬o SQsx df kvqg g; cyre ]kxSkt gj u hlk;üal skr SQsx k; sn L\skN _¬o ]skd 0fqc hd hlk;üal dS Xy pskl cv 4kxaMkt gj u hg hlk;üal Te skr jGf skr ]awn L\skN Te skdub ]kgd su hlk;üal

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Xe k;ufqn hurm ,g kursp hurtf Xe /skjof sd 0q; tkv 4,g iki 0q; df ,g kgj gd go ,g yh'jkpof hH skt Xe k;ufqn hjkl nkc sd Xk0q;kge skn ub df ,g kd,ke kygi g; ],g iki 0q; df kgd Cgu g; su hnl hH hldf hyNif 4kF rÎho¬ 0q; dr tkv ]hn tkokv dgfwekl Xe /skjof sd 0q; sultf ],g hnl hygi hnl hjkeg Xpskl kL\skF ]Tg hysk[ aSk'nf Bu ]Tg Sdf oHquv Su ]Tg Sdf Z'i¬ Su ],g hd jkpof Xrkc Bu7Bu kursp hd ;‘que ],g k;x sxkv jkpof ],g kvqg rlfdof jkpof 4,g Z<wijkpofv ra;®v ],g k/av ra;®v henkv ],g Cgu Z<wijkpof henkv ]Tg srI,ky eg sNhi kurtf 4,g henkv jrgsc ikv slum ]kF k;kyif jgt su Xkxsky utf skd rkjdql ],g henkv jrgsc ikv slum sF xsky skt lki d I¬bk∂ 4,g hjlwn rkc skr hd sukxy hlakG ]kjke Cgu hH jF®i su hldf sl Xe ikv udfsy ],g Cgd Xrkc hyko sukpaqgi s Iskp hdikv j,kv h[hr knk;† rqgc sllm suTe 4Xe Xkunf uhr kF kgd su I¬bk∂ skt ]k;nf kdIy ji hywl skd I¬bk∂ u Xkxsky sl gto hdltf hF hn gd rkc hl u,kd hlsS su I¬bk∂ 4sl henkv sd sygi ykl jktg skn ],g henkv jrgsc s knk;† ikv 4srsn jd k;®g hjse ikv hrskg hgd sygi ykl jktg skn suTe Xrkc hg; jxv ]awg kgj gd Xrkc skt unf uhr Te 4Tg Sx skg syH sl sygi xsky ],g Sx skg sjqc sl sygi xsky df awg kr[sn Cgu <jkd Bskd Te ],g hrdl kt hgd rkc g; sl Xk<jkd Bd 4,g kvqg lkdof Xe kursp hdlm ],g Bqg rfx Xe jpof sdlm ],g Bqg rfx sl henkv sd sNhi Xe uoht sdlm ],g kvqg rlfdof henkv ;ükekl henkv 4,g kvqg Cgu lkÔ Bskd kdlm ],g kvqg Cgu uri kdlm ],g kvqg rlfdof henkv ],g /acal kd henkv ;ükekl dr akgt ]XF Cgu e;uf s; ]XF nkoiv henkv s; 4,g Ow> yqdycf ],g hlyf,G yqdycf kupskl go ]Tg srpskl rckc sd Xkxsky sd suket lm eg ji Xkjk/kv sd Xkeku jkp skn jhokge j,kv 0qc ]<‘Î j,kv ekj skr 4sxXkg sgj Cgu sNπv surdf xsky sd tkel sdlm ]kF henkv kNπv kurb h/akx ]sxXgd xsky nkc ykl jktg skn udfsy ]g sjk;®g sd h/akx skr eg 4kxskg kOw> yqdycf go kxSkt k;yf ;Z<uf skt rckc sdcl eg ji jk/kv sd h/akx skr ]hxskg T "s' kFd hd h/akx j,kv hxSkt gj Cgu "s' kFd Bskd hdcl eg ct nkc ykl jktg skn j,kv kF Cgu e;uf ]kF nkoiv h/akx 4hxskg yskr hOw> yqdycf dfskt ]sxXy yskr skd xq; sjkl so sl h/akx ]sxXkg sgj surdf xsky sd xq; lm kF henkv kNπv kurb df sxXgd skd h/akx xsky nkc ykl jktg skn j,kv 4hxsgj hpc hd h/akx udfsy ]hxsgj hpc kFd Bskd hjkeg ]Tg sO,c xsky skt eg nkc ykl jktg skn ]sF h/akx Xe xq; sjkeg 4krpc Cgu cklgf Bskd kd uoht sd Xkxsky hdkc ],g hrgj hpc kFd hd Xkxsky sNπv sl sL\skF um ]Tg srskg xsky sNπv Xe xq; jg 4,g krkt skg kn,i sl Xkrkc j,kv Nqd ezH udfsy 4srkt Snf skdldf skr Cgu ],g Sx Snf 'snim surb sd eszi skr cr ]sxXkg sgj srjd k<1? skd sjlwn7dS xsky j,kv ,g hgj kt h;k>el klgVv ],g kgj kt k;k>el Z;,kpv skr cr ]sxXkg sgj jskp xsky ]sxXkg sgj sjk;®g xsky ]sxXkg sgj ukeBsc xsky ]Sk[lf Bskd hjknukeB df skd hxntV hxskg hgj rjWt ]kr[yf u,kd skr Cgu ]Xe XkFazx ,g h[yf rkc hd k{'f hd hjknukeB skr cr ]sxXkg sgj ukeBsc xsky 4Tg Bqg h[yf Syf sdldf ],g Bqg h[yf Xk;D Xe XkFazx sjkeg aSk{'f hd hjknukeB skr ]sF jknukeB xsky sjkl jxv j,kv kF Syf sdldf 'snim kd Z;p‰zc skr sF sruke skd Z;p‰zc xsky sjkl jxv ]sF sgj sn skdldf 'snim kd Z;p‰zc g; 4sl,d sxaSk>el skr Cgu ]sF sgj k>el skr hHr sxXkg sr[j xsky ]sk[j re jtu hjqc ji h_¬ hd sjlwn ]skjd re klgV ]skjd re hjskp df sF sgj k>el skdldf sygi ykl jktg BkP ]sF yxki jhokge skr sF dlgVv xsky jxv ]Xkjd re klgV df k;k>el skdudf su jhokge ]skjd re hjskp df k;k>el skd Xkxsky udf su 0qc skr Cgu ],g hukgd j,kv kui¥d dS ]k;ƒef dS xsky sNπv 4skr sF xsky sNπv ]k;x skg Xk;D rkirDj kurb ]Z"?al kurb 4k;x skg Xk;D rjkHkge jGf skr ]sF Nπv xsky s; 4Tg sgj [sn sO,c hH so ],g krkK sd Ze/ ,g yh'jkpof sL\c so ]Tg sO,c xsky skt akgo j,kv Xe kHl phc ],g kgj s skg Cgu pskdal Bskd skd hldf Xe sujd kxau skd Xk;u®fi hd BkH hg suiv ]slm ,g kgj skg Cgu pskdal Bskd Xe suys[ kvqt 4rDo srkxy ji oakn skd hu®i ,g kgj jd Cgu jkpof hH go ]kF henkv yh'jkpof rqgc kd Ze/ skt df Xgd eg skdltf ;el lm udfsy 4,g rpfm g; ]kxspskl ]kxsjd jkpof kGn skn Xe sukxy ji oakn skd hu®i huiv hH henkv <jk/kl dS tkv 4XF sNπv xsky syko sukxy ji oakn skd Xk;u®fi huiv 4XF xsky sNπv xsky so ],g hd rjkHkge hjkeg kFd hd 0q; hukjqi sl sukjqi 4kF krjd u,kd klgV ]kF krjd u,kd 0q;

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"o jktg uhr suikv ,g krgkp kuskg kL\[ Fkl sjkeg jdsn kdD/ ],g kgj jd reégf hd suskg sL\[ Fkl sjkeg g; sk[sn Z –w' g; 4,g kgj kt kIwN cl Ze/7Z<o ]k;x L\xcf kl,d kuket df Tg srgd eg skr ]kxsyp Cgu sxkv g; hHv df Tg gj jd jkdab so ]Tg Sx skg uke0fqc hH so tkv ]k;x k;nf kd,ke Bskd kd lkdof sd jkpof Xgüm u ]ukK Xgüm u 4Bx hd s go ]hF hrdl kt hd k;®g rfakH ltf hd kr;‘que hd jrhH sdum ]k;x k;df kF krdl kt k;df uhg rfakH ltf Xgüm 4k;x k;df kF krdl kt k;df jkpkuv hH skt Fkl sdum ]sgj sO,c ji hrkN hdum ]k[j kIyf ji uhet skdum suXkgüm ]sF uke0fqc skt ]k;krl skd Xk–w' ]k;krl sueg skd Xkutjfg XkL\skjd Xe ukr¬qngV dr Z"o jktg uhr 4skd "Qqi ,g hgj skg BkuOfd tkv skr Xe sujd jkpof ,g Bx skg hL\[ {del sd "Qqi hH h_¬ 4sF sgj srjd gkoof sl,d ikv j,kv hxsjd gkoof j,kv ko/of df kF kpskl su Xk;_¬f hHd ]Bx skg rrfi sk[sn hl,d h_¬ g; df ,g krxy skdikv tkv skr ]hrdl yp Cgu hysdv hdkykp hdikv j,kv ,g Bqg rlfdof kRe0fqc hd Xk;_¬f ZGlf g; 4,g hgj jd gkoof ko/of ,g k;x skg uri kurdf sk[sn Tg srgd eg skr ,g hrgkp kujd gkoof jdskg ko/of tkv jxv h_¬ skr 4cklgf kl,d g; ]sdl jd u h_¬ j,kv nkc sd suskg jq/of Xdl jd gkoof skr kuiv "Qqi df ,g Bx kv Xe >el Gkl hdkykp g; skdum ]Tg Bqg r{f'f hH ak;_¬f tkv ]kxskg kgj jk;'fskg ]kxskg kgj ukeBsc ]kxskg kgj dkykp "Qqi 4sxXjd Cgu gkoof jq/of df kF kvqg k;kuc Cgu e;uf Syf suiv su Xk"Qqi udfsy ]hxXjd Cgu gkoof aSko/of df kF k[j kuc e;uf su Xk"Qqi ]skgd slikv Syf sd <jgknm sl,t 4,g kvqg rlfdof jkpof j,kv dsoof ],g Bqg rlfdof ji suke,i sL\c rqgc kRe0fqc dfXk;D ],g kvqg ZFel Xe sujd henkv jg tkv go ]Tg sgj srjd sNhi xsky uke0fqc sl sL\skF xsky skt ],g sxy sujd hgo xsky hHl ]xsky hHl df skg srpskl ikv n;k' skr ,g Cgu htkj skd suskg sL\[ sNhi slikv go ]Tg sxkv hH xsky sjlwn skr Tg sxkv ikv jxv hH Xe hdkykp Syflb ],g Bqg rlfdof kRe0fqc Xe k;ufqn ],g Cgu hjknukeB kuskg ed kd kRe0fqc ],g ;h<jkpof kL\skF g; 4,g Cgu kd,ke kd sujd hdkykp skd Xkxsky sL\skF Syflb 4,g Bqg rlfdof kRe0fqc hd Xkxsky d/fv ji suke,i sL\c dfawp cv 4sF srskg jkd'f sd Xk;dfkykp ]hF rlfdof ed rqgc kRe0fqc hdum dfawp xsky hdkc ]sF srjd ak;dfkykp xsky Nqd s ygi 4,g k;x L\i ZdG Xe rkc dS akg ],g kvqg kL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd 4,g nwt,ke cl go ,g hrdl skg ak;dfkykp hurtf ],g nwt,ke go ,g krdl skg ;®lv kurtf ],g nwt,ke go ,g krdl skg La[ki kurtf ],g nwt,ke go Tg srdl skg ak;L\f?7s[sk/ s urtf ],g nwt,ke Xeum ],g hrdl skg hukeBsc hurtf skr XP\i jd kOm aSkFd hukjqi jxv ]Tg srpskl g; ikv sl <jkd ldf ]Tg srpskl ikv ji cklgf ldf g; ]sF nali Bkpπl knk;† ]sF jknukeB knk;† xsky sd sygi df Tg srpskl eg j,kv ,g dhrzi sd rfx knk;† hdlm Xe suukt skd Xk;¬gj sd rfÎzi ],g kupwl hd <_a;uf knk;† sdlm jiM sd rfÎzi ],g ek<jfi sd tsk[ j,kv jkpof7pskl knk;† sdlm 4Tg <{y sd kRe0fqc rUm sdlm go ,g SkP\c u/kl g; su henkv ltf d¥fc ,g k;x skg Cgu uri henkv Bskd sllb udfsy ]Tg Sx P\c u/kl lki sdlm ],g hgo henkv 4kF krjd ''fskd hd suki skd Cgüm ]kF krjd tsk[ Xe Cgüm ]kF krjd jkpof go Xe Cgüm sF skt ]sF ed u/kl sd xskH lki sd henkv syNif ],g dhO jWt g; Tg Sx P\c u/kl sd xskH lki sdlm akg ],g Cgu dhO yqdycf g; ],g k;x P\c xskH kd henkv sd tkv 4kF krdl jd Cgu go kuekd skr hdlm hF Cgu thp skt 4Xe ue sdlm kF Cgu jkdab Bskd Syf sd Xkthp um ]k'seg kF kvqg kL\[ Xe L\,kn go Syf sdum hF nwt,ke Xthp skt ]hF Cgu jkd ]kF xk;® kdlm rfzi sd jkd df kusy >el re g; <jkd kdlb 4hF hrskg Cgu kn,i kulko j,kv gzxjfi kd su[j jkd skd henkv hldf Xe ;el sd 0qc ]awg kruke Te g; ]hF Cgu Xthp 4,g Ow> rkc g; ]hF Xe Xkthp ed rîf1r sl Xkthp udfsy ,g hjlwn rkc g; ]hF Cgu Xthp 4,g ryx endS hH rkc g; ],g rjWt hd Xkthp rqgc tkv ]kF hgzxjfiv go ]hF hrskg Cgu rjWt hd Xkthp rqgc lm ]kF krkt skg rî1r sl Xkthp ed henkv kd sygi ]Cgu df sxXgd ikv udfsy 4,g krskg /çyim henkv Z<hdal kurm s ]LLfabkeskj,u kurm ]Tg srI,ky sNhi eg kurtf 4sF syq[ Cgu hH hHd surm ]Tg syq[ hH Syf sd Xkjlwn jk} sd ;nÔ sdlm kurtf tkv 4kF Cgu hH hHd kurm ];‘que ,g jknm kurtf tkv 4kF Cgu hHd kurm ],g kvqg kn,i phc sd ;‘que7;‘que Xe rxt sjkl ]kjkpBkH kurtf tkv 4hF Cgu hH hHd hurm ,g kursp hurtf Xe /skjof sd klgV tkv 4hF Cgu hH hHd

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henkv jg 4,g krjd oHquv [qn Xe nkc ],g krjd oHquv naukv Xe uipc ue rxrDf;ø kjkeg ],g sl /fof hd supskl hd ue rxrDf;ø /acal kdlb 4,g k;x skg L\cL\x cl cv j,kv kF kNπv cl sNhi df ,g krgd go j,kv ,g krjd ekd Xe Xkthp hjkl jGf xaP kd supskl g; ]9xdVCF Gkv Lwe g;8 ]kF kNπv cl sNhi ],g krkt skg <Zkeuf kd 0fqc skt g; ],g kgj kt krskg L\cL\x cl cv ]kF kNπv cl sNhi df Xe Rpf sdlm ,g krskg oHquv g; skd rDf;ø dS7dS 4,g kgj kt krskg L\cL\x cl cv ]kF kNπv cl sNhi ],g krxy supskl Rpf kdlm 4,g hrkt hrP\c BkuOfd ],g krskg kP\wc ],g krskg P\,kzi ],g krskg ukot ],g krskg kL\c go sl,t7sl,t jGf 4,g k;x skg L\cL\x cl cv ]kF kNπv sNhi df ,g krsn jd Wq' kupskl Gjr hd sNhi Rpf kdlm rfakH lb 4Bx skg Wq' rchlqe hL\c ]kF kNπv rqgc uipc df ,g krxy suL\i Bk[nf slm 4,g krP\c >skc ],g krP\c o®;fkn ,g krxy s uskg ukot sl,t7sl,t ],g krskg kL\c kpπc jGf ]Cgu jkH Bskd ]Cgu /skc Bskd ]Cgu o®;fkn Bskd 4,g krht ZGlf kpπc ],g rjd krpV ]Tg srjd ∂Gf ikc7ake ],g hrskg ∂Gf u ],g hrskg krpV skr u Xe uipc ],g krjd oHquv kd naukv Xe uipc s ue kd henkv jg 4,g hjWt kl,t su>el7supskl kL\skF g; ],g g; skr <jkd hnk;ufqc kygi ],g g; skr <jkd kygi 4,g <jkd dufkK,oskue hnk;ufqc Nqd sdlb ]kF kNπv cl sNhi df ,g krL\di Xk;D xskj kd sNhi g; Xeg udfsy 4,g kvqg oHal g; ]kF krdl skg oHal hHd ]kF kvqg oHal Xe Xkunf syNif hHd g; ,g hgj kt Sdf krpV hd gjr jg Syf sjkeg k;ufqn hjkl go j,kv skd k;ufqn hjkl Tg sgj kt Snf hykx eg 4,g kgj kv g; Sqg srukt g; ],g de®fk;÷v eg j,kv ,g hiki ],g hnkodrf,kH g; df sxXgj rsn hykx xsky >elku sd ukr¬qngV df Sqg srukt rkc g; j,kv ,g kgj kv ukr¬qngV go ],g kgj jd kn,i kurtf ukldf s dS sl Xe Xkukldf jkp Xe kdhjev tkv 4XtsH Nqd slm df ,g kvqg kL\i Xe jkpof7pskl ukldf kd kdhjev kurtf hd henkv sd jkgcf ,g Cgu ∂Gf hurm skd henkv sd jqi;nm 4Skt je ],g kgj je Bskd Xe jkgcf df slm ,g cyre k;D ]skg krP\i Xe e;tfysc skt ]skd spπc hldf ,g utsk;zi k;D ]skg krjd ekd Xe LTykg skt skd ukldf hldf ,g cyre k;D g sgj je xsky uktav skt Xe jkgcf tkv udfsy g; Skt je 4kF kyko sujd ∂Gf k;D wngV sl suje sd ukeylqe lb T skr 4krjd uku¬ skr krwN skd ukeylqe wngV dS df sF g; skr unf sukjqi ]kF Cgu hHd skt ,g kvqg kn,i /acal ZowirwHv dS rfzi sd henkv ]henkv ji uhet hjkl tkv 4aSkt iL\g ]aSkt hi uhet hjwi hjkgéqr eg skr yqdycf skvkt je kvqg kNπv rqgc hrgd e,kd hjlwn 4Xjd ∂Gf hdlm e,kd hjlwn j,kv sje k[wH Bskd Xe e,kd dS df sygi ykl jktg s l tkv kd jgkc sd kui¥d g; ]uri df ],g lkdof kd henkv g; 4Tg sgj tsH utskH skd henkv sd jkgcf jdIkd kl,i sl Xkcst suiv spπc sd lW j,kv kdhjev ]LTyxab ],g kgj je k[wH henkv kdikv Xe jkgcf tkv ],g kri skdikv 4,g Cgu gto Bskd 4akgo ,g <jkd k;D kd uri ],g uoht lkdof ]skg rlfdof jrajuf kursp df Xe rxt sd ke®keji ,g hH rpfm g; j,kv ,g hgj skg rlfdof jrajuf kursp hd ;‘que 4Bkv kursp ]Bkv rf1xkt ]spaqgi yk;[ ]spaqgi jkpof lki sd Xkxsky sjkl dfXk;D k;kv yk;[ kd suL\skr skdlm ]kF knwgsc kL\c Fkl sd henkv ,g k;df skt7skt Xe Xkykl Xkjktg sueg ]awg krjd unsouf s likv Te udfsy 4Tg sgj sn hykx skd hP\hi Bu ]Tg sgj sn hykx skd Xkdoq; Su ]Tg sgj sn hykx skd Xkpπc sjkl ]Tg sgj sn hykx skd suket sjkl so j,kv Tg Sx skg uk'sji cl so ]kF kgj skg ;r slum ZFko¬ kdutf ]sF sgj kOm kn;kG xsky skt sl Xk;bkjqc um Syflb ]hxXdl yp Cgu ak;bkjqc so cv ],g k;x skg I‘i¬ suekl sd henkv yk;[ kd suL\skr skdum ]hF hgj yp ak;bkjqc hl rqgc Xe k;ufqn d¥fc ]hgj skg Cgu hjqc k;ufqn 4,g hgj kt Bqg hjqc hL\c k;ufqn df Tg srgd eg ,g uk'sji eg kF kgj IwI kpakP go ]kjkeg kF kpakP dS ]Bx skg hL\[ huk'sji gxt jg ],g Bx skg hL\[ huk'sji hjkl Syflb 4,g k;x kv rDo kd q;®1e hdum sF sgj srkyp eg <"sk' surtf j,kv aSkrP\we hurtf g; 4,g k;x kv Cgu xq;yfd g; 4k;x kv xq;yfd g; 2ukoxH sg ]k;x skg I‘u Ze/7Z<o kjkl df ,g kgj xy skdikv skr 4Tg sxy supskl hH spπc sdlm ]k;x xkt hH go kRe0fqc hdlm tkv ]k;x skg kL\[ gsk–of Xe ue sdlm tkv skr ]kF Ze/ go ]hF krdrf,u go ]hF hjknukeB go ]Fkl sdlm kF k;df k;D dr

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hF kF¬o;ø skt hxsL\i ewyke kF¬o;øv dS Xe k;ufqn hjkl df kxskg g; Xe ˜k"o lkpi syko sukv Xe phc skr ]kgj Cgu rDo skr g; cv ]kF kgj jd <"sk' hH Bskd skdum Syflb ]hF Cgu 0fqc dufkK,o Bskd ]hF Cgu rDf' hd jkpof lki dum 4sF >elku xsky syko sujd uog j,kv K; df ,g g; Bkpπl ]Tg srjd uog u ]Tg srjd K; xsky u ]Sx syp unf s sd Ze/ ],g k;x kv Ze/v df sxXgd so 4sxXgd k;D so ]sF sgj ht skt ji uog j,kv K; skr ]sxaSkojd Cgu uog ]sxaSkojd Cgu K; doq; Su cv 4,g krL\i Xe ydæfqe hH hjnki skr krkv Cgu ukn ]krkv Cgu hH ukn skr ]syko suuql Xe Zpp ]srkv Cgu Zpp ct dfXk;D ]huk'sji Syflb Tg sgj kt srskg hyk[ Zpp 4,g Cgu hH rjWt Bskd hdlb ]srdl yki Cgu eg krakG7t,kG g; 4Tg hgj sn suyp skdeqr skt ,g hP\hi hj[fkv g; ]Tg rDo hj[fkv g; ]kxsyp Cgu sxkv g; cv df g sgj gd slum sdL\y Xe kdhjev j,kv iskjw; j,kv LTyxab dfXk;D ,g uk'sji hjnki [ky gjkc g; cv 4Tg srkt hH je Xe T k'kv hd {ske lb skt Tg srskg yxki j,kv ,g rpæfuf yqdycf {ske skr Sx je Xe 0q; sd Ze/ jxv df ,g krk>el j,kv skL\y df ,g krsn <"kH go skr Skt kv rDo kd sukoL\y sd lki sd hjnki ,g k/a/ dS ]kd sukoL\y skr skL\y sl ukeylqe ],g krjd ekd kd kukoL\y hjnki dyfsF,d skr skL\y sl IXI¬sIskzi 4Tg srjd ekd kd sukoL\y skr Skt kv rDo ]Tg srjd ekd hg dS 4sgj jd Cgu kn,i Nqd ]k;df Cgu IS∂f Nqd ]Tg sgj ht r©qe so ]Tg sgj uke hH ukoxH ]Tg sgj sn hH jnkv ]Tg sgj wN hH j,i ikv sdum ]Tg sgj ht r©qe so Xe k;ufqn hjkl ,g hjnki [ky gjkc 4Tg sgj ht Sdf Nqd kucf henkv [ky gjkc ]Tg [ky gjkc k;“al hd Xk;jfnki dyfsF,d ],g rykg hgo hH Xe k;ufqn hjkl ],g rykg hgo hH Xe ukr¬qngV 4sxXdl Cgu ht cv xsky [ky lhc g; udfsy ]kxskg k;x skg jWt ],g k;x skg uri df ,g hrkt skg kn,i rkc g; Xe xkenf sdcl skr skg sgj gd jdky¥pf ct henkv [ky lhc j,kv k;x skg uri kd suket df Tg sgj gd jdky¥pf henkv [ky lhc so skr ]Tg Sx skg hjkH surdf henkv [ky lhc Xe hnkckv hd L\skjd jkp3,g Bx L\i hjkH 4krdl kt klski Cgu r©qe skd uIyi hd Xkxsky [ky lhc cv udfsy skvkt gj re q/kl jGf df kxsgd LTyBkF skr ]krjd Cgu g; q/kl ]Tg suqc sL\id ]Tg Shl srwt ],g hd hL\kc7hrs[ hHd su Xkvq/kl ],g k;df ekd hHd su Xkvq/kl ],g hd sujd rkc Bskd g; 4skg sgj jd rkc k;D g; ]k;x L\xcf yqdycf kuket ],g krgd q/kl kd LTyBkF skr 4sxXn Cgu suk[ eg r©qe ]skjd kn,i tkuv ]skjd hL\kc7hrs[ udfsy sF Xkvq/kl cv df k;nf gd su Xkdoq; sd LTyBkF 4q/kl [ky lhc Xe hnkckv hd L\skjd jkp ]Tg q/kl ]Tg q{Hf [ky lhc Xe L\skjd jkp~~~,g hnkckv hd L\skjd jkp Xe LTyBkF 4Sx skg uk'sji cl so ]sF sgj ht ji jk/kv sd lkoæof j,kv sF Sqg Skuc k/a/ skd lkoæof xsky skt Syflb ,g kgj skg yFf'f lkoæof ],g kgj xt jkpof Xe k;ufqn 4,g krjd jkpof ],g krjd Cgu lkoæof henkv Bskd skr ,g hryq[ X[akv ct ],g uik/av lkoæof ],g krskg ed lkoæof skr ],g krskg rlfdof jkpof ct ]hxskg~~~,g Bqg ed rDf' hd lkoæof 4Tg Cgu htkj skd sujd lkoæof so hH skr skjd ukn ]kxsyef naukv Xe Zxo¬ df skgd skdum eqr 4,g Cgu htkj skd sujd lkoæof so skr sxskL\l Xe dju df skvk>el cv skdum eqr df Tg hgj yq[ X[akv hd Xkxsky ]Tg sgj tsk[ _wl sd uoht xsky 4Tg ak;>felku _ae7_ar ]thckr ]sLax ]Tg sgj >el xsky 4Tg Xe uoht ukoxH ],g sgj >el xsky 4,g Cgu Xe jnfae ukoxH ]Tg sgj >el xsky 4,g kgj skg uhyof endS k/a/ kdlm dfXk;D ,g uk'sji Xe k;ufqn hjkl Zxo kd rgfskjqi ],g hgj skg kn,i huk'sji ],g kgj skg kn,i [qn 4Tg Xckrdf hd Xk;efnkv hH go sxy su>el xsky hF hrkt h>el Xckrdf hd ukoxH dr yd Xckrdf skt ],g sgj kt Cgu xsky suuql <"kH sdlm kF krjd <"kH Xe Zpp hjnki skt 4;ktc hd yd g sgj kt xsky ed Xe jnfae tkv kF krjd ktwi jdO,c Xe jnfae skt 4,g kgj kt sphu ;‘que df ,g kgj xy skdum sF ZFko¬ T sdutf7utf ]Tg sgj IwI ZFko¬ rgfuf sdum ],g kgj kt sphu df ,g kgj xy skd Xkxsky Nqd udfsy ],g sgj kt sy jiM j,kv lm oHquv Su tskj 4,g kgj kt jiM skr ;‘que ],g de√k/v rkc hd sukt sphu 4,g oHal sl,d kukt sphu Xe rxt lb s sd ke®keji 4,g rpfm hg; j,kv ,g hekxZo÷M jrajuf kursp hd ;‘que ],g kgj kt sxkv ;‘que ],g kgj skg rlfdof ;‘que 4,g Cgu ZFv Bskd Xeum ],g Ow> j,kv rakzH endS sthru go ],g krsy sthru skt go ji jk/kv sdlb j,kv ,g hrjd ekd skt ,g nk; hd uipc Bqg hO,c Xe Rpf sdlm g; ]kF kNπv cl sNhi ji kr;˙l ]ji rfάal ]ji uoht ]ji tkel ],g krjd wxky ji thp jg go skd rkc lb jGf kF kNπv cl sygi 4,g krkt skg g; xaP kd supskl sdlm Syflb

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38 fo 94 egaP

dju Xe rcçrf Syflb ,g krdl skg ;H kd ZGc Syf sd Xk;rfcçrf 4henkv kxsje Xe dLaO7dLaO Xe ZGc hg ZGc 4sxXn ykL Xe dju lm j,kv Xe dju sd Xk;rfcçrf ,g ZGc hg ZGc ]Cgu hg hryx hHd skt ,g ZGc hlsS akgo df ,g k;df ektrab uXkgüm skr sxaSkt skg Ulzi rqgc hiki skr Xn tsH gxt Zex jxv Syf sd Xk;ifki suiv skr ,g uk'sji sl LaO rcçrf ]rcçrf s udfsy ,g kgj y,k[ ysr ]Tg sgj yt sgkP\d ],g hgj yt xkv ],g kvqg k;df ektrab kd ñex Xe dju sueg skr ,g uk'sji s l Xk;e√x eg Xe ukr¬qngV 4,g krskg kl,d dju kd XkvqngV j,kv ,g krskg kl,d dju kd Xk;rfcçrf df ,g kri skdikv 4Tg sd kui¥d j,kv Tg sd kui¥d ],g Cgu sd Bkpπl syeke g; df kxy slm skg hpskl j,kv h[sn Xthp sulm ]jkpof kvqg ;nm skd Xk;‘que ]k;x IwN ;H kjkl g; tkv 4hF hOw> krdrf,u go ]kF krL\i ewyke drf,u kl7kL\skF jxv henkv Xe jL lb Xe IgkL\c? lb j,kv k;df ektrab kjkl Syf sd sukL\c? skd henkv sueg g; 4Tg Sqg SkOcf jiM skdlm ]kxskg k;x skg Cgu yxki ]kxskg k;x kL\c? Cgu kurdf sr[sn7sr[sn iki go j,kv Tg sdqp je henkv surdf ]henkv s urdf3,g kgj [sn iki kd henkv dS7dS j,kv ,g kvqg kO,c jiM ukoxH go ]krskg Cgu j;kIjf Bskd go ]hrskg Cgu hync Bskd hdlm ]krskg Cgu hH jGlak≠I Bskd hdlm ],g Cgu rfx Bskd skr hdlm 4kxskg k;x skg uk'sji ]kxskg k;x cM rqgc ]sl ykl Xkjktg kjkpsc ,g kgj jd k/a/ hg; go ],g kuykL Xe dju ],g hukoynf ktl jGf skdlm skr ]hd hjskp s u hldf df skd dS jg Tg Sqg s[j jtu ],g kgj [sn sl jiM go ]kyko lyfqi kL\c slcl go 2ukoxH ],g yc,I¬akd ehzziql jiM jGf j,kv ,g dju sphu jGf ],g ryknv jGf 4,g kL\[ kyko lyfqi ji sr¬j,kp Sdf sL\[ ;H rqgc sueg skr 4,g ;H ZGlf ,g Cgu /acal kd krdrf,u Bskd sllb ]srjd Cgu hjskp ikv skr ]skg srdskj cl lyfqi ]uwukd ]Xryknv 4,g drf,u ikv df ku>el ikv hg skr ]srjd Cgu hjskp ikv j,kv ,g Cgu kyko lyfqi Bskd ji sr¬j,kp udfsy ],g drf,u ikv df kupskl re g; ikv skr 4srjd Cgu hjskp j,kv sryduf sl akgo ikv j,kv ,g kvqg kL\[ kyko lyfqi dS ji sr¬j,kp 4krskg Cgu drf,u hHd henkv Bskd ji jk/kv sd jvGf ]krdl skg Cgu jk/kv ;H ]sxXkg su[j jk/kv Su 4Tg sgj L\i Bk[nf drf,uv xsky Syflb kF ryx jk/kv kjkeg 4kvqg k;D cv jGf skr 4krdl yp Cgu Xe Xkxsky jkn>el ]kF krdl yp Xe Xkxsky >elku jk/kv go ]kdskj sl sujd hjskp j,kv hukeBsc skd henkv sueg ji jk/kv sd ;H yosd dr ykl jktg paki 4spc sl,d sl hjskp go df kgj Cgu >wl xaP k;u skdikv j,kv k;x skg ZF;ø go ]kF skt xaP kukjqi kdikv ],g kgj jd hjskp go cv skr ],g df Cgu klskjH kdDi Bskd Xe ekd kjse dfXk;D 4skjd re ∂Gf ikv sxaSkt syp Cgu Zktg Bskd df ,g krgd go skr hd hjskp jxv sxskvkt syp dju Sgfd ikv skd henkv lm cv skr ]Sx IwI suekl d jkpof so sF sYqe skt sd ;H 4Cgu k; hH ,g dju g; df kxy suL\i Bk[nf skdum Xe jkpof j,kv sxy sujd jkpof xsky s cv ]k;df ekd Xe rfhu lm sF s/av xsky dr ct 4hF Bx hd hL\[ rfhu ji jk/kv sd ;H ]skjd re hukeBsc ]skjd re hjskp df kF k;kuc kNπv skdlm ji jk/kv sd ;H lb j,kv kF k;df kn,i jvGf j,kv Igkjc? hlsS7hlsS 4sxskvki Xe ;‘que jGf ]sxskdIH Xe Xk;ufsk; L\skjd hlkj,kp ]sxskxskH I‘d ]hxaSkt ync ak;ufsk; ]sxskvkt skg hy¥cf ]sxskvkt skg sRqd dr eüt7eüt ]kxskg go ]kxskg g; ]sxskvkt s;kyt Xe hgkL\d ]sxXn koyL Xe Zdu df skd Xkxsky kF k;kL\c? ]hF hd ''fskd hd sudskj iki Xe k;ufqn ji jk/kv sd ;H ];H Xe Xkxsky de√k/ ]kF ;kim dS ZGlf jvGf dr cv 4sF ryx ;kim so ]sF Sdf ;kim skt Syf sd sudskj sl iki skd henkv suikv dr cv df awg krgkp kugd g; slikv Te 4,g k;x skg kjqc henkv Tg srpskl ikv skr 4,g krjd henkv g; hd uæzi sjkl ,g sNwi g; ],g krjd iki ],g krjd k[sk/ ],g kryskc Ow> ]k;x gj Cgu drf,u henkv 4,g krL\i Bk[nf ]Bk[nf df sxXgd ikv3,g pl rkc g; Tg sgj [sn eg sl,t 4Bqg kn,i sl Xk;rfάal hg hyNif ]Bqg kn,i sl Xk;P\fhi hg hyNif go df ,g kugd kjse skr Bkjqc skg hrL\i Bk[nf Bskd Cgd jxv j,kv ,g kgj kt sy ji sr¬kj syH slm jkpof ],g Cgu ji sr¬kj sjqc hldf k;ufqn udfsy 4g rDo kd suys> XGhydr hL\skF Xe phc skr ]Tg sgj kuc hHv k;u j,kv ,g k;nf kjxf skr ukde kukjqi sueg ct ],g T ;el dS kd <e∂al ]Tg sgj jtqx sl rDo hlm Xe k;ufqn hjkl eg 4,g krskg kd Ghydr j,kv kd kL\hi hL\c skt ,g krskg rDo kd <e∂al dS Xe phc skr ,g hrskg re√uf kF¬o;ø Bu j,kv ,g hrIwI kF¬o;ø hukjqi Bskd ct j,kv hxSkt IwI go

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skd rpf Xgüm sueg hHd ]k;kcn ]k;kcn skdum sueg df ,g kurb <jkd yqd kdlm 4Tg jskted sl gjr cl ]sl iW dlfuke ]sl iW djfhjk' ]sl iW d0f,kc ]Tg jskted spπc sjkeg suekl sd Xkpπc sd e,kd hH hldf tkv Xe k;ufqn 4Tg rlfdof ed slcl spπc sd e,kd hjkeg ]Ski skg Cgu rlfdof spπc sd Xke,kd um ]Bk[lf Xrkc hd gjr lb knk;† rqgc Xe Xke,kd utf7utf ,g gto skr hg; ],g krkt cn ],g krkt jH sl Ffazx ],g krskg L¥iÎ ]krskg Cgu rlfdof rpf sl suskg rhH;H j,kv sF srjd rhH;H eg skr hHv 4Xdl jd rzxkt sl,d eg skd rpf sd spπc sIskN7sIskN df kxsL\i kutsk[ ]kxsL\i kupskl ]hxsL\i hujd ]sxXdl jd rkvQq' hd eüt sd rfhu Bu dS Xe rxt eg skr ]Skt kv sl,d <jxkt skr 4kxskg drf,u go3kxsjd hH skt henkv kvqg kxkt 4kxskg drf,uv go3kxsjd hH skt henkv kvqg k;skl 4Tg sgj jd rkc sl unf uhr eg hdlb 5,g <{y kd ue Sqg Sskl krdrf,uv 4,g krkt skg ZFelv Xe suskg drf,uv ;‘que rzxkt ;‘que akgo jkpof ];‘que rak' <jkd sd >skc djfrakv dS 4Cgu <jkd sd uHskyzi hldf ]Cgu <jkd sd ;H hldf 4,g krkt skg ZFelv Xe suskg drf,uv rpf rak' skr ],g krjd rak' skd rpf rDf;ø Bskd ct 4Cgu sl ue rhH;H ],g hryduf sl ue rak' rfhu go 4awg kgj jd rkc slikv Te hd rfhu Bu hlm ]Sgfkp rfhu Bu Syf sd kursp 0qczi hdlb ],g 0qczi knk;† kursp hdlb ],g rlfdof knk;† g; 4ikpiqp kxskg k;yf uke dju suXkgütf ,g rlfdof knk;† sl XkP\wc um kpπc g; 4Cgu ,g Cgd Xelm ]hykL P\i yskxwH hjwi skr suTe `Sbkrc s>qe dju g; ,g akgd df kF krNwi kd ywd¬ dS sl>qe kpπc kl kIskN ]sxXuke Cgu dju7Zxo¬ spπc cv ]Sx s r¬kj SkIif7sIif go 4hrdl skg Cgu hL\[ cv ji uHskyzi ]hrdl skg Cgu hL\[ cv ji ;H ]skg hL\[ sl,d cv rfhu s jd k;D df Xe k;ufqn hjkl ]Bx skg kn,i llfbk∂ hL\c dS ]Idal kL\c dS cv 4,g krskg kn,i jkpof hHr Tg srskg sL\[ Idal ct jiM sd ;‘que 4kxskg eüt kd rfhu Bu ]hxSkt kv Cgu ;yzi ]cgkl Cgu 4kxskg k;D cv ]hxSkt kv ;yzi ];el kd ykdkge skr g; k;x kv df ,g kgj xy klsS skdum ],g Cgu ZFel hH kjt Xe supskl rDjfrfv sd rfhu hukjqi skt xsky sukjqi g; j,kv ,g ykol kd susn eüt skd rfhu Bu dS cv ]hF hL\[ ji Xkjk/kv ryx rfhu g; ],g Hq' g; ],g kvqg kNπv g; j,kv ,g Bx skg er[ rfhu g; 4Tg srkt dQ eg sl jiM~~~,g krgj hg krjd ],g krgj hg krjd ekd skr Rpf kjkeg ]srdQ Cgu Arqr¬o eg Xelm ]Tg srdQ <jkd sd uHskyzi ]Tg srdQ eg <jkd sd ;H Xe thp ltf dfXk;D 4,g Cgu krdrf,u kudQ kdlm udfsy ]kxskg k;x dQ go ]kF uhgjkpof ]kF k/av henkv skt ]skvkt skg drf,u eqr df Sdf ''fskd hd henkv eg phc sd skn ub ]uHskyzi kd Zxo¬ j,kv ,g ;H kd dju akg; skr 4hxSkt skg hjwi ]skjd kuekd skt j,kv kuO,c sphu sdum Tg s[j jd re√uf {1oi¥d sueg akgo ]kupc sl Xkvkuekd ]kupc sl XkvkNπb akg; ]kxSkt yef skdum akgo g; 4,g k;x k;df L\koy[f cw[ Fkl sd ;‘que j,kv h>elku ng ]hukeBsc ]ng ]sjkeg ,g uHskyzi g; 4hrkt Cgu jiM sdlm ,g hrgj hg gyskl zem hd Xkvkjlîv ],g hrgj hdIf ji gyskl lc Cgu hrync zem 4krL\i Cgu ZdG Xelm ]IXIluskd ],g hrgj huc Z"o hg gyskl zem hdum 4hrskg Cgu hP\wc hHd aSkjlîv ],g hrkt skg hP\wc j[fkv skr ak;_¬f df akg; ]hxXkg hNπv rqgc aSkjlîv go j,kv hxXyef skdum ]sxXpc akg; sl Xk;_¬f xsky skt aSkjlîv j,kv hn jd kF¬o;ø hd Xkvkjlîv sueg Xe Zxo¬ udfsy ]ku[j e;al ]kupc sl Xk;_¬f ]Tg srgd eg skd Xk;_¬f ji uhet 4,g uHskyzi g; ]Xjd skg kujd skt scwL ]Skgu ]Shi 4,g hgj gc ak;nfu hd ckj' Xe Zxo¬ skdlm ]kxShi Cgu ckj' skt ]skvhi re ckj' df skd Xkxsky Tg srk>el eg akg; ]Bx skg ng 4Tg sgj gc suj> sd ckj' ]Xe Zxo¬ df ,g k;x k;df knko ]Xe Xkd¥qe ukeylqe ,g k;x k;df knko k;D ]Xe Xkd¥qe sd cjv 4kxskg k;D Xe Zxo¬ j,kv sxXn tsH Zxo¬ skdum ]sxXjd ekd sNπv xsky skt ,g uHskyzi kIym kd ;H ],g k;nf sn uHskyzi Xe Zxo¬ ]Xe Zxo¬ j,kv Syf sd susn ;H ]hn jd kn,i Xe dju Ghydr hgo 4,g hn jd kn,i Xe dju Ghydr go ],g Ghydr skt Xe e,kd jg 4sxaSkt skg ukj,g skr sxXjd jkpof ikv kd Xkdju jxv sd k;ufqn hjkl udfsy 4k;x kv Zxo¬ kxsxy df kxsOm supku jdskg rnfaukv endS go 4k;x k;nf tsH Xe k;ufqn u'hLadjvS hldf kxs>el go skr Skt k;nf tsH Xe dju sd Xk;rfcçrf ]skd wngV jxv 4kd ñex Syflb ,g ;H kd ñex ]Syf sd Xk;hrjkH ]Syf sd XkvqngV 4,g ZGc Xe

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]Sx [yf skt tkjkge que ]sygi ykl jktg uhr j,kv ykl jktg uhr ]jktg BkP sxXkg Sx skg Sqg skd tkjkge que ],g tkv hd rfkt ;‘que hjwi rykg hl,o ]hxSkt skg rykg hl,t skr Xn kugi thed kd spπc sIskN skd henkv sL\c sd hldf 4,g krkt gj kIskN kpakP j,kv ,g krkt skg rlfdof skr go ct Tg hrskg kn,i hHr Ghydr hjkl hd henkv j,kv ,g kgj skg rlfdof skr henkv ]sxXkg susn ync spakP 4Tg Sx L\i sIskN spakP sdikv ,g kvqg Cgu L\cL\x henkv Cgu 4sgj jrhH sd sL\id dfkr skIakN ]skIkd skd henkv lm skr 4Tg sgj kt Sqg ywtGf _¬k' s jkeg ]Ze/ kjkeg ]rfhu hjkl hjkeg ]Tg kgj kt kvqg ywtGf sL\id cl sjkeg 4,g kgj kt kvqg L\cL\x henkv g; Tg srgd eg j,kv Tg Sx uc knaG Xe Xk<kzi sdlm so ]Tg Sx skg xar so ]sF Sx Skugi slm sygi Z"o jktg uhr sL\id skt skr ,g hgj skg rlfdof rfkt ;‘que 4,g kgj skg rlfdof kpπc ]skvkuc sL\id Su ]skn dXG kL\id g; sxXgd eg skr ]Tg srjd eszi skd spπc eg jxv udfsy ],g k;kuc sl ydæfqe hurb sueg kL\id dfXk;D ]sgj jrhH sd sL\id dfkr sxXn Ikd Fkg ]sxXn Ikd xakI hd spπc skr skg heszi rqgc hd XkL\id eg jxv 4Tg sgj kv Cgu dhO sL\id j,kv ,g kgj jd L\cL\x g; cv ]sF srkv dhO sL\id skt dr yd 4,g kgj L\xcf yqdycf kpπc ],g kgj kt krL\xcf yqdycf kpπc g; ]sxXgd eg skr skg gske rqgc sl XkL\id kjkeg jxv ],g krxy suskg kL\c kpπc jGf 4Tg srkugi sL\id skdlm eg ],g krskg kn,i Xe j? kpπc dS 4Tg srsy L\di L\skt jiM sd XkpakP skt ]Tg sruc k/kc Xe lkdof lm xsky hg so yosd ]Gjr hd sxkv ,g kgj skg rlfdof thc 4,g Gjr hd ke®keji lkdof dfXk;D ],g Gjr hd sxkv lkdof ]kxskg kyH j,kv henkv kd Xklji 4kxskg kyH j,kv henkv kd yd ]awg krgkp kugd hH g; Te j,kv ,g kyH rqgc henkv kd tkv ]awg roüfk'kv skr Te 4sl henkv sd yd ,g kjqc henkv kd tkv df krL\i Bk[nf Cgu klsS skr s>qe skr 4,g kgj [j end ji efwH rdfskykv knk;† ji efwH P\1nql knk;† ;‘que 4,g lkdof g; ],g Cgu uri Bskd g; udfsy ]Bx go ]hF Cgu go ]skukpgi ]Xkysk[ jk} sdlm ]Xkysk[ ]Xkjd rDqe ue udfsy ]okcn7okcn7okcn ]hF hd u',zil ]uen rfhu hjwi hukjqi hjkeg 4,g krdl skg rlfdof j,kv ,g krdl skg kL\[ sl Xk<jkd udf kpakP k;u j,kv sl Xk<jkd udf ]k;x je kpakP kukjqi sl Xk<jkd udf df Sgfkp hujd tsk[ Xgüm ]Tg srjd jkpof7pskl kL\skF hH xsky skt Syflb ]kxskg yd skt ,g krdl skg kn,i kuket k;u dS ]k;x skg Cgu rgfv Bskd sl q;®1e hdlm udfsy 4kF dr yd skt ]k;x je kuket dS ],g hjWt kusy ukt sl iW I‘i¬ rkc dS 4hxXdl yq[ Cgu aSk'nf Bu dr jsn hurm ]dr jsn hurtf ]sxXjd ''fskd hd suiskF jiM sd henkv lifko eg skd XkpakP Cgüm ]Tg sL\i suL\skN Syflb sF Sx skg ryx spakP sukjqi so dfXk;D 4sxXkg Cgu hxsk;gl Xe sukIef skd Idal sd ;‘que so ]Tg sgj kt syp Skjgskn skd Xkrkc hg hukjqi skt xsky so j,kv Tg ykol kd tsk[ hd rfάal Bu hdlm ],g kL\[ sd rfάal kucf ;‘que cv 4kF Cgu <jkd Bskd j,kv k;x skg lkÔ Syflb hF ryx go ],g k;x skg lkÔ kd kr;˙l dS ]kd rfάal dS 4Tg kvqg Cgu lkÔ kd ;‘que 4,g hujd Syf sd Xkpπc tsk[ hd rDfqe hd ;H g; ],g krkt skg rDqe sl ;H sjkl skt 4,g krskg /çyim skd ;Hv skt ],g krdl skg drf,u hgo 4,g krdl skg de√k/ hgo ,g _wl kygi kdlm ]lsulsyjvGf ];Hv 4Cgu hg krjL skt ,g krskg go skr de√k/ ]Cgu hg srskg de√k/ hHd kyko sujL 4krskg Cgu de√k/ hHd go ],g krjL hH sl hldf skt awg krgd g; slikv Te j,kv ,g krskg de√k/ kyko sujL sl joæB ]QhH joæB ]xjVvGf LŒkx ]Tg gj srgd skr eg udfsy ],g rfhuv hL\c slcl ;H ],g rfhuv hg nq[ ;H 4krdl skg Cgu drf,u Bskd ji jk/kv sd ;H s ]krdl skg Cgu hHd j,kv krdl skg Cgu hHd j,kv ,g krdl skg hHr df ,g g; Bkpπl d¥fc ],g Cgu BkuOfd Bskd 4,g krdl skg ],g krdl skg drf,u sl,d ji jk/kv sdub ;Hv ]rfak' ]ukK3rpf kd ;‘que df ,g Xe k;ufqn hjkl skr e{v 4Cgu hH Nqd j,kv kxSkt skg rwcl kd lsuhyxv iWqd go 4hxaSkt skg uktsc df hxXkg Bx BkjGf7Bkeq? hurb so udfsy ]hxXyduf skr sykL Xeltf ]hxskg u ukt Xeum udfsy ]sxXxy skr sRi Xeltf ]qxai kxskg kn,i k/,ki dS Xe hj[fkv skr aSkcn hdlm aSk[k' sl Gjr cl ]skvkt j/b ]skvkt j/b ]Xn L\ske skdlm eg sl gxt7gxt j,kv skg kn,i k/,ki sl,t Tg sl,o spπc sjkeg 4k;nf Cgu kd,ke kd suskg rlfdof sl kr_aro¬

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 25 egaP

4,g Cgu Bkpπl ]hxskg ydu go skr ]kl,t hldf k;x hH uc go jxv j,kv o®rDf;ø kdlm kxskg jk/m 4kxSkt je o®rDf;ø kd spπc lm ]kxskg k;D yG kdlb ],g ryx sl iW hnk;ufqc k{'f g; 4skvkt skg sl,t Xkjlwn Tg srk[lf skd Xkpπc eg udfsy ],g Cgu hH kl,t hldf j,kv ,g kl,t suiv henkv jg ]xyv j,kv L\sktsc henkv jg df ,g kyhy dS g; Xe Xkvkyhy rqHnv sl rqHnv hd I‘f1l ],g L\sktsc j,kv ;hr}fv henkv dS7dS ]Xkjktg Tg hgj kt hryduf ak;L\fkx ZIŒkG hd yLŒke hl7dS ]Tg Sqg sxy spakl ]Tg Sqg sxy spakP akgt df sulm Bqg hysk[ Cgu h≠ID,G Bskd go ],g krkuc henkv Su jGf ,g krsn L\skr j,kv ,g krkuc skd spakP dS go 4Cgu hg hrdwp 0fqc hd jkd‘ofv hdlm ]djkd‘ofv kurb ],g krskg ewyke oIfToub kurb 4krjd Cgu hg kn,i kjkcqn skd thp hg dS go 4,g krskg ewyke jkdkyd rqHnv ke®keji ],g ;hr}fv henkv jg ],g L\sktsc henkv jg ],g dhuw; henkv jg 4,g rjWt hd suuc u ],g krdl uc u kl,t sjlwn hldf hHd henkv Bskd df ,g g; Bkpπl 4skuc sl,t I¬bk∂ ]skuc sl,t <‘Î ]skuc sl,t ekj ]Tg sgj kt syp Skjgskn eg hH jGf ]Cgu sr[sn eg df ,g h/av hurb X[akv hjkeg j,kv ,g g; Bkpπl udfsy ]kjkcqn jGf Xe suskg skd ekj ,g kyef ;el ed Bskd 4kvqg Cgu kn,i Xk;D ekj kjlwn dr cv ]k;x skg rDo hH j,kv Sqg skd ekj rDo ed Bskd ykl jktg BkP 4dr cv kvqg kn,i Cgu Xk;D 0qc kjlwn jGf ]Sx skg ykl jktg BkP Sqg skd 0qc 4,g kvqg kl,t henkv sjlwn henkv dS Bskd ji uhet dr tkv df3,g kri skdikv k;D j,kv ,g kgj skg k;D g; ]kxSkv Cgu Xe >el hdlm ukj,g ]rrfpV ]uk'sji ]rL\fhi ]h[qn kxskg go skr ]hxSki ki Cgu skd ArZ<wi ke®kv hdlm ]kxSki skg Cgu lkdof kdlm ct j,kv kxSki skg Cgu go ke®kv hdlm ,g hrskg hgo ]lkdof kdlm ,g krskg hgo j,kv 4kxSki uc Cgu go ]kF kvqg kn,i skd suskg skt go ,g ;r rkc dS skr k;x L\i Xe ''fskd hd suuc kl,t ekj j,kv jhokge ]0qc kpπc jxv df kxskg g; ek<jfi kd suk[lf j,kv skuc l,t lm ]skuc sl,t akyG df Tg sgj k[lf slm eg udfsy 4kxsuc kl,t suiv nq[ go ]suc kl,t h/akx Xk;D ]suc kl,t s 0qc Xk;D ]kl,t jhokge suc Xk;D ],g k;kv jdsy ke®kv huiv go ],g huiv hxntV hdlm 4,g kvqg kn,i skd suuc hiŒkd ∑I hd jhokge Bskd ],g kvqg kn,i skd suuc nq[ go `suc kl,t jhokge Xk;D kpπc Bskd 4,g ryx endS rkc g; ]skuc ≠ sl,t h/akx ]skuc sl,t 0qc ]skuc sl,t jhokge ]Tg srgd slum eg 4Tg srgd k;D skd Xkpπc sIskN7sIskN eg ]sgj srsn spakP eg j,kv ,g hrskg husn k'nf skd kursp hdlm ]srskg susn Cgu spakP jiM sd spπc 4kxskg rlfdof kpπc skr ]aSkxt ]Tg Bskl jrhH dlm skd Xkrdkr um j,kv skd spπc lm s>el ]Xn kd,ke kd suskg rlfdof skdum ]Xn kjkgl skdum Tg ak;rDf' Bqg hiNf skt s jrhH sd spπc j,kv ,g hrkt skg _arji Syf sd k'seg ke®kv hd spπc skr ]rkc Bskd Xn iskF eg ji spπc dS 5Tg Xrkc skn 4Xjd rlfdof slm ]Xuc sjkgl slm ],g kiNf skt jrhH sdum ]Cgu siskF jiM sdum df awg krgd g; Te ]aSk[lf u hH Nqd df awg krgd Cgu g; Te skr 4j,kv Tg sgj jd k;D ikv sl ykl jktg uhr 4Sx L\xcf so hH jGf j,kv Tg sgj kyif hH ycfbkc ]ukjqd ]<;kekj ]Tg sgj kyif hH krhx ]hH rak0lf ]Tg sgj sn hH k{'f ]Tg sgj k[lf hH Z'nkv 4,g Sx Xk;D L\xcf so hH jGf ]Tg sgj k[lf sl ykl jktg uhr ikv df ],g rkc hd ste sL\c 4sxaSkt L\xcf so skr aSk[lf u rak0lf skdum eg jxv ]aSk[lf u Z'nkv skdum eg jxv 4sxaSkt L\xcf spπc skr cr ]Xn u k{'f hH Bskd skd Xkpπc eg jxv df ],g kNwi su _ef dS 4awy jd rkc Xe /acal hlb hH hdlm ],g kNwi uæzi dS Xe /acal lb 4Tg sgj kt Sk[lf slm eg ],g uk'sji henkv sl gto hdutf Xrkc ryx hg so ]Tg sgj k[lf k;D eg skd Xkpπc sIskN7sIskN 4,g kgj skg rÎof henkv slutf ]Tg sgj kt Skjgskn Xrkc hgo j,kv hdlm Tg sgj jd knuV ]Tg sgj skg r/fsk∂ eg jiM sd henkv sllm ],g Bx skg hL\[ Ghydr jGf skr 4sxXync u eg kpakP ]sL\i kuync skd henkv sgkp df ,g htkj Syf sd hlb eg ],g Cgu htkj eg skd suync kpakP df ,g hgj skg Syflb Ghydr j,kv Tg sL\[ eg ji lm ]k;x sn kpakP skt que Cgu udfsy ]Xdl skg rlfdof eg sxkv sd que df Cgu oHquv k;u Bskd ]kukt Cgu hH Nqd suXkgüm Xe ykl jktg uhr 4hd Cgu tsk[ hjse rckc sd henkv ]k;df Cgu jkpof Bskd Xe ykl jktg uhr ]sgj srdXk> L\kH eg k;D Xe ykl jktg uhr ],g rkc hd h>elku ng 4,g kgj kt k;kugi skd henkv sd tkv go

iEsd jqi;nm

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4hdqp skg k{hji dS hlsS ]awg kgj gd Te Syflb ]k;x skg sGn dS klsS ],g cklgf hRj7hRj dS7dS skr kdlb 4,g cklgf kd r<fx skr kdlb ]hrdl Cgu hg skg dwp7ywH sllb ],g hrdl skg hH dwp7ywH Xelm ],g tgl skt Syf sd jhokge df ,g krdl skg Syflb g; 4Skt skg ysG jhokge ]Skt skg lki g; skr Skt k;kOcf Xe k{hji skdlb j,kv jhokge jxv df ,g krdl skg hH g; d¥fc ,g krdl uc kl,t jhokge yqdycf sdjd ''fskd hd gjr cl henkv kxau ]kOw> g; j,kv ,g hOw> yqdycf kru≈u hdlb ],g henkv kd lZdl g; 4k;x skg kL\[ sdjd lk;˙v kd kru≈u henkv g; j,kv sl kr"∆knuf huiv hdum ]sl lXlskub hdum ,g hgj yduf kru≈u hd jhokge 4hxSkt skg dS kru≈u hdlb kru≈u hd jhokge skr Skt skg kL\[ kxau henkv kjlwn ],g /axql huiv hd ywG sdum kru≈u go ],g o®rDf;ø kuiv kdum go 4,g rkc Bqg Bkv sl Rpf "∆knuf suiv ]lXlskub huiv hdum go ],g hxntV hd jrhH suiv sdum go ],g ywG kuiv kdum kru≈u hd jhokge udfsy ],g krdl skg kL\[ u≈u hH go skr Tg sL\[ u≈u jhokge jxv ]krskg Cgu kn,i hg jkpof7pskl Bskd slm dfXk;D ],g krdl jd ydu hurm ]skg henkv uhg0fqc kurtf 4,g rjWt hd kruhg0fqc Syf sd sujd ydu ],g Cgu rjWt hd kRe0fqc Syf sd sujd ydu ],g krki jd ydu knk;† slcl go ],g krskg P\we knk;† slcl skt Xeeg ],g krskg I;LfB knk;† slcl skt Xeeg 4,g krkt skg hukK kL\c kurm ],g krkt skg krsu kL\c kurm go ],g krskg y'qd Xe sujd ydu kurtf skt Xeeg j,kv Tg Xydu chtv7chtv 4Tg Sqg sL\i Xe ydu cl eg j,kv g krsn sk[ ke®kv huiv henkv kyko sujd ydu dfXk;D ]kuL\i re Xe ydu eqr 4Tg Sqg kn,i eqr jdsy skdltf kukt , skg hgo eqr df kd ke®keji ,g o®;fkn hg; jiM sjkgéqr ]kukt skg hgo eqr ]kuky,G skd hlm ]kujd rlfdof skd hlm eqr ],g hIyf;'fusIski hl u,kd ],g kiNf thc jrhH sjkgéqr k;D ]skg srdl skg k;D eqr df jrhH suiv kutsk[ skr eqr ]kujd re ''fskd hd suskg sl,t j,kv hldf hH jd ywH eqr ]kxsgd sl ;‘que Ze/ k;u ]rfhu Bu ]k{'f Bu 4Sx skg nac sukv ywG Xe hxntV hd henkv 4,g kgj ki skg Cgu kl,t suiv henkv Bskd jGf 4skvkt skg sl,t j,kv hldf ]k;nf k[lf skd dS jg suXkgüm 4Tg aSk{'f rqHnv hd Xkd'snim go ],g k;x skg ;≈ZkHqn j,kv iki kL\c slcl skt ji hxntV hd henkv 4sgj kv Cgu Xe k;xfc ywG df ,g rrjd hd d'snim g; 4srkv ywG Xe k;xfc Xe ywG g; ],g Cgu ckj[ kuket g; 4xq;yfd g; ,g rwrjd hd d'snim w g; ],g ckj[ hg kuket g; 4Xe Xk/,ki sgj xy Cgu ywG ],g k;x kv xq;yfd kl,d sk[sn kxsgd d'snim skr hxSkt L\tm k;xfc j,kv hxSkt L\tm k;xfc go ]sxaSkv Cgu ywG jGf ji s/,ki lm 4kxSki skg Cgu hH ckyqx Xe ''fskd hd suskg hgwt lb j,kv kxsdl Cgu skg skr hgwt 4Xe suskg hgwt hxSkt skg Zp[ rdkr dfXk;D ]kxSki skg Cgu hH ckyqx go cr j,kv Xe ''fskd hd suskg hgwt hxSkt xy skr rdkr hjkl hdlm Xe ''fskd hd suskg hgwt udfsy 4krdl skg Cgu hgwt go ],g o®;fkn kdlm k;x k;nf kjk} sd ke®keji hgo ]naukv kdlm hgo ]huI¬,L hdlm hgo ]rf;uf hdlm hgo ],g krdl skg hg ckyqx ZGlf ckyqx df kn,i ywG sxXdl skg Cgu Syflb 4sxXdl skg Cgu kn,i jGf ywG Xelm ]hxSkt L\tm k;xfc go ]kxskg k;D Xe k;xfc lm jGf skr sxy suskg kl,t hgwt ckyqx j,kv Skt xy Xe ''fskd hd suskg sl,t kiap ]hysep j,kv Xy uke j,kv sy uql ywG Nqd n;k' skr ]skg sxy suuql Xrkc hd Xkd'snim j,kv skg Sx L\xcf ywG Nqd srgj7srgj Xe Xkphxc sd henkv skr ]Tg hrkt skg ak;jfkehc hd henkv skdum ]Tg srgj joukt skt lki sd henkv 4hrskg Cgu ak;jfkehc so skdum ]Tg srgj joukt skt Xe yxat 4,g hg krskg skr ek<jfi kjqc sl sugj Fkl ]skg Sx L\xcf srgj7srgj Fkl sd Xk;efnkv ywG Nqd ,g krdl skg udfsy 4sxaSkuc uI?al u ]sxaSktc hykr so u ]kxsgj krdc d'snim lm ]sxXjd Cgu hg ∂Gf hdlm ]sxy suuql rkc hd hldf jg df henkv kurtf ,g Cgu >elku surb ywG 4sxXuql u hg rkc hdlm ywG df ,g g; skr rkc hygi 4Xe k;xfc lm kxskg k;D skr ]skvkt skg sl,t hysep sgd sl kiap ]skvkt skg sl,t hgwt df sgd sl ckyqx ]sxy uk>el skd XkywG j,kv Skt paqgi d'snim Bskd Xe k;xfc hd XkywG hldf jxv 4''fskd hd suuc sl,t sjlwn ]Xe k;ufqn s kvqg kn,i sl hlb La[ki 4,g Cgu cyre hH Bskd Xelm ]kOw> endS ],g henkv kOw> endS ekj kd kyhyekj dfXk;D 4,g Cgu Xe k;ufqn rjWt hH Bskd hd ekj sd kyhyekj j,kv ,g krdl uc jWt ekj kd kyhyekj ]kxSki uc Cgu skr ekj

iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 45 egaP

4,g hrdl skg hjH ywH ]Tg sgj sruke sl knl eg Xgütf ]ak;P\fW ]aSkjiaji hukjqi hurb k;D 4,g hrdl skg ryx Xrkc so k;D ]skg sruke hgl x sky surb skd Xkrkc utf j,kv wag krgd k;D ryx skd Xkrkc um Te ]Tg sgj uke skd Xkrkc utf xsky Xkjktg sl ˜k"o Xkjktg df Tg Sx sNwi u4/3zi dsuv sygi slcl 4Tg Sx gj "s' skt ]kx aWd Zkpp Xe ji Xku4/3zi Z<wio®ge sjkl um rkj hd tkv ],g Sx sNwi Xe /acal lm hH u4/ 3zi sl rqgc 4Bqg Xrkc hl rqgc Xe /acal lm ]Xysk[ skd Xkjk} nac udf j,kv XP\p skd Xk;P\fhl u df 4sjd jwn ;‘que skd Xkvk/kc udf ji sr¬kj lm j,kv Xe tsk[ hd ;®l Xe Xkunf uhr j/b
,g lki sjse skt dfXk;D 4kxawdl sn u [qn skr awn [qn skdikv df hH awgkp Te skr awg rnfaukv Te jxv j,kv 4[qn kxawn Te skr awg h[qn Te jxv udfsy ]awg krgkp kusn eszi ]awg krgkp kusn naukv skdikv Te df awgd hg kurdf Te sgkp go 4,g Cgu lki sjse go ]kxawn sl akgd ]kxawn sl,d naukv skdikv Te 4awg krdl sn hg [qn skdikv Te skr awg h[qn Te jxv 4sxXn sl,d eg go ],g Cgu lki sjkeg skt 4Tg srdl sn skd sjlwn eg hgo ],g lki sjkeg skt dfXk;D 4hg kxsn [qn sl susn [qn skd sjlwn ]krdl Cgu pc go ],g h[qn nq[ henkv skt 4kuki sn u [qn skd sjlwn `,g k;D rfhu j,kv kusn [qn skd sjlwn `,g k;D rfhuv j,kv 4,g krkt skg ZFelv Xe susn [qn skd sjlwn go ],g krkt jH sl naukv nq[ skt 4awg krgkp kugd slikv Xe Zkpp lb rkc erfav Te g; ],g krkt skg ZFelv Xe susn [qn skd sjlwn go ],g krkt jH l naukv nq[ skt dfXk;D 4,g krskg h;knyxae ,g krskg Hq' sd lk;zi kucf ]sgkpuv ]suktuv rDf;ø kl,o j,kv ,g Ze/ hgo s 4,g krskg kn,i okH kd kr;ü/ ]kd krKrÎ ]kd naukv Xe uoht hHr ]hHr ,g krskg ry¥fqGzi gjr hjwi ct o®rDf;ø kd nq[ hHr ,g hrkt y[f ct ak;yfd hjkl hd uoht sd nq[ hg ji sujd rlfdof sl gjr hjwi skd nq[ 4Cgu krukt slm Bskd kucf sdlm ],g ke®keji skt skdlm sxskdl ukt eqr ji jk/kv sd /axql hlm 4hxskg hL\? hd naukv Xe uoht sjkgéqr unf hlm ]hxskg kn,i jrhH sjkgéqr /axql go unf ltf j,kv skg Skv ji uhet eqr Syf sdltf ]hxskg kn,i kejfx dS ]Hj,kl dS ]/axql dS jrhH sjkgéqr skr 4kuuc re sl,t j,kv hldf hH jd ywH hHd j,kv kujd ''fskd hd suuc sl,t nq[ eqr df sgd sl Xkpπc suiv skt ]awg krgd Qqx kpπl Te skd Qqx lm 4awg krgd krif j,kv ake kpπl Te ]skd krif lm ]skd ake lm 4kuskg sl,t suiv eqr df ,g kugd sl Xkpπc ]sdl yef kd,ke kd suskg nq[ skd spπc ds;®zi df ,g kujd rlfdof skd rfhu hlsS dS cv 4,g yLBklwl ]hrk?e®kv dkujr[ rfhu Bqg hL\[ ji ydu ,g kugd kjse 4,g kgj ki skg Cgu go Sgfkp kuskg eüt kd henkv hylv skt sl gto hd ydu lb j,kv Bqg kn,i Xe k;ufqn hjkl ydu g; 4,g rkc hd kry'qd dS kujd ydu s; dfXk;D 4sF ywe df skt slum skr skg krxfsk;rfzi jxv Tg srdl rht ]hlk;üal kyko sujd ydu hd Z;kpkjda' ]hjnki kyko sujd ydu hd I¬bk∂ ]q/kl kyko sujd ydu kd jhokge df kgd suTe Syflb 4Skv skn jcau j,kv sF hH nq[ uyfi,p ñykp df kyp kri Xe nkc skr g; ]kyef jkd¬jqi kd skn jcau skd uyfi,p7ñykp hylv go 4k;x sy henkv kjlwn dS jcau ]kyef ukF¬ skn jcau skdlm ]Bx skg ydæfqe hL\c skr ]kyduf yG kd krxfsk;rfzi ct udfsy 4k;x skg ryfeéfl Xe krxfsk;rfzi j,kv ,g hn jH rækoZ[n sl eku sOw> sulm 4awg uyfi,p ñykp hylv Te dfXk;D kxSkt hg yef s>qe skr jkd¬jqi kygi j,kv kxaMkt sk[ Xelm Te ],g henkv ,kl sl dS skr akgo ]kxsdl kxy kri u,kd 4aMkt kyp sl ydu hjlwn Xe krxfsk;rfzi j,kv sl eku sjlwn awn kxy rækoZ[n hH Te ]aMkt skg u Xk;D ñrH sl eku sjlwn hH Te df kpskl Xe suiv su uyfi,p 4hxsn hukjkge hd LTyxab jkd¬jqi sL\c uhr skd XkvkrsuHfv uhr slsS skd uyfi,p ñykp kxsdl jd ZIki kNπv slcl skt Xeum j,kv sxXjd ZIki kd uyfi,p ñykp krsuHfv ,kl so 4Sqg sØdb Xe unay so j,kv Sx suqp krsuHfv ,kl Xe j[fkv ]Bqg aSkrxfsk;rfzi gxt7gxt 4skjd ZIki kd uyfi,p ñykp df k;df r_faekv skd XkvkrsuHfv sd jH k;ufqn ]k[j u'hIifakd dS Syf sd sujd ZIki kd uyfi,p ñykp 4Xjd ZIki kd uyfi,p ñykp skt krsuHfv suXkgüm Sdf r_faekv s l kdhjev j,kv iskjw; sjkl j,kv k;df rtfsk;kv gskjkel dS ji unfeüt dS su Xk_ef sdlm j,kv kF unfeüt kd uyfi,p 4Xe k;ufqn hjkl ,g syko sujd eszi skdlm Xk[ky7Xkjktg ],g eku rfk;“ ]uyfi,p ñykp ,g krsuHfv L\sklag Xe iskjw;

iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 55 egaP

sxkv sl sjlwn7dS cl j,kv Cgu s[sn hHd skr _¬o slsS ]sF sgj gd j,kv sF sgj ktc hykr hj kcjn ]hF hjwcte udfsy 4Bx kv yd4/3fqe hL\c cv ]sugi j,kv sy g; ]kgd sulm 4kF u hH Nqd Xe Fkg ]j;ofjLav kykduf su henkv lm Xe rav ]k;x gj j;ofjLav ]k;x gj _¬ osk/v yosd ]k;x skg kL\[ kxau sjh/7sjh/ ktkj ]sxy suuNf _¬o suiv sd ktkj 4kF hyk[ F kg ]kF u hH Nqd ]akdPf g; ]akyG g; ]hiskI sugi g; ]kekti sugi g; ]kgd sulm ]kxy suykduf go sl hIsi _¬o dS7dS 4kxy suskg kxau ktkj ]sxy sukt sykduf _¬o dS7dS sjh/ 7sjh/ 4kF Cgu df skt kugi Iskd go j,kv kF df skt ]k;nf ykduf Iskd kuiv sulm 4Cgu hg kF df skt ]sky hg ugi skd Iskd lb ]kn;kG k;D sl suysk[ skd rkc lb ZF;ø cv ]k;x sk g /≈nfal kjse skr krif ]kpskl su ktkj 4hd Iskd Xe kla'zi sF sgj kt sP\c sxkv sl sjlwn7dS j ,kv 2rqHnv ]Gskv ]sF sgj gd hjkcjn sjwi dfXk;D ]k;kv hg skg gsnal slm skr nq[ 4kxSkt skg gsnal jiM sd krif hg ZF;ø skr krL\i Cgu Bk[nf Iskd df wagd g; Te jxv ]kpskl su ktkj 4Cgu k[sn hHd sueg Iskd jnqal kurb ]sxy sugd j,kv sxy suI hi hykr hjkcjn sjkl 4hF Bx skg hL\[ yd4/3fqe hL\c udfsy ]kL\i Bk[nf Fkg hH skd Xk;j fkcjn ]kL\i Bk[nf hyk[ Fkg hH skd ktkj 4kd Xkvkrosn Iskd g; Sufgi j,kv Iskd kuiv S tfhn jd xyv ]kgd sl ktkj sulm j,kv k;kv hyk[ kdlm skr Fkg ]kykduf sl jrhH sdl m Nqd sulm ]hysk[ hIsi sulm ],g Cgu _¬o sd Xk;efnkv ;ükekl Bskd g; 4,g _¬o sd Xkvkr osn g; ],g Cgu syko suL\i Bk[nf skd hHl _¬o g; 4skg Sqg kn,i sl krif hg suiv dhO skt ]sxXL\i Bk[nf skd Cgüm yosd _¬o g; df ,g kgd suXkgüm ]hgd sl>qe su Xkvkrosn skt ]skn jd kupwl jkc dS 2Xk_ef ]kgd sulm j,kv kvqg kL\[ go jdysk[ kykr ]kysk[ kykr kd hIsi su henkv lm 4kxsugi ji hoƒ1i _¬o sd Xkvkrosn skt ]go kxskg ;‘que kygi df Xe h'q[ lb ji ulkglV suiv kF kO,c ktkj 4sF Sx Sdf uke;kihn sl Xk;rfsk; yge j,kv kF ktl jk cjn unf lm ]h[j hIsi jdkt Xe jkcjn7tkj sulm ]kF k;x hg kv jdsy hIsi henkv go 4 hF u hH rkc Bskd hd sujd d' cv udfsy ]sF ukj,g hjkcjn ]sF Sx u s[sn hHd _¬o sd Xkvkrosn 4sF Sx skg sØdb ji jk} sd ktkj xsky XkL\d,l 4spqagi _¬o so Xe jkcjn7tkj ]kF k;k v sy _¬o go jWt ]Sqg rp4/3fuf xsky 4kyduf jgkc go jdykL kykr nac Xe hIsi rjwl cw[ rqgc dS ;el dhO ]kF Cgu skd suxkH go udfsy 4Skt u xkH go Cgd df k;x k;n f k x y k j g i k d Xk ; g fk i lf j i j ? s d l m u nf l m 4k x Sk t h g l a G sk r X e j [fk v df s F X e k { hrzi hjkcjn sd ktkj 4kxSkt kv jdsy _¬o go df kF k;nf upo sulm ct ]Bx kv Ffr f erfav ]kF krdl skg kupqagi dr Xkvkrosn cr 4sF sukIiuf ekd sd jr)c(n Bd j,kv hF huky[f ro4/3jf skd Xkvkrosn 4kgj krkt sy go s;iQ jktg paki7ln jdkv Xe unf jkp sk n jg suhge AN j,kv su henkv lm ]k;nf upo kd suhge AN 4Sx suql u j,kv Sx s[sn u d r tkv ]_¬o sd Xkvkrosn 4,g kgj sn k[sk/ skd ktkj henkv dkykp Bskd df Sx >el so ] Sqg rrfpV hjkcjn hHl sd ktkj 4k;nf upo kd Zp[ sulm ]hF u hed Bskd lki sd ktkj ]kxskg kujd Zp[ rqgc udfsy 4Syf sjkgéqr sxXjrm _¬o s; sd Xkvkrosn ji hoƒ1i hg jkc hyg i ]kgd su henkv lm ]_¬o sd Xkvkrosn eqr skvky ]sxy knial hH hurdf ]Skt skg Zp[ hH Nqd ]kgd su ktkj 4wag krdl ky _¬o sd Xkvkrosn Syf sjkgéqr Te 4Cgu d;knkHsk' kuugi sL \id sl,t Xk;efnkv Syf sd Ikzel ukge sl,t eqr udfsy ]kgd su henkv lm j,kv ]krskg u U lzi hH Bskd df sl,t ]kvqg Ulzi ktkj 4skg kvqg Ikzel Bskd kL\c sleqr hHd df ,g rkK skd lkgrfb u j,kv Cgu kjlwn ji hoƒ1i Ikzel kL\c sleqr ]kgd skd ktkj jdkv su henkv lm j ,kv k;kv henkv rpfjfiv hcutv dS ]Xe jkcjn sd ktkj dS 4sNhi sdlb Nqd j,kv hxsdl kv Xe yk;[ rkc Nqd sl hukgd lm ]kxwagd Xe jRm sd u4/3zi lb ]hukgd hl hIskN dS
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 65 egaP

k;D kd ;®l sl k;“al 4,g k;“al hurb ],g hurb L\hH hjkeg Tg sruke xsky surb eg Tg srg d ikv j,kv 4,g hrxy suskg ewyke pl thp hH Bskd sl suskg rjfkpzi dr Z"o Xkjktg df ],g kryp kri kurb yosd sllb 4hrkt skg Cgu pl thp Bskd sl suuke sl ˜k"o Xkjktg sdikv ]Tg sruke eg sl ˜k"o Xkjktg ]Tg srgd ikv skdutf skr 4,g krdl skg ;®l sl e;÷ke sd jkp zi ;®lv hH Bskd 4sxXkg sruke hg dhO skr Tg sruke xsky surb ct 4,g Cgu skr Xe ywH Te Cg d df kvqg d' skr skd>qe skr ]kxy suuke d¥qe kjkl ct udfsy ]hF Xrkc ;®lv jrajuf g o df wag krukt Te j,kv hF Bqg sl>qe rkvQq' hdutf 4sF syskc Ow> hg suTe df skt ]kxy sux y klsS skr skd>qe 4kxskg hg dhO skr ]Tg sruke ct xsky surb ]k;x skg ukj,g Xe nkc hg nq[ Te 4Sx skg pl go j,kv k;k>el skd Xkxsky ]k;df jkpzi sl dhO udfsy ]syskc Ow> sd jkdzi surdf ewyke u jrajuf suTe 4wag kgj gd sl oHquv suiv Te g; ]wag kgj gd Cgu rak0lf j ,kv rhprkc Bskd Te g; df ,g k[yf sulm j,kv 4Skt skg u pl go Syf sd krut skr Skt k;kjgskn jrajuf sltf 4,g Cgu Ow> Bskd klsS ],g k[yf su kFde®kv huiv su jyIgf G¥skLv 4Tg srxy suskg rhrzi sl,t pl sl sukt Skjgskn sd Xkxsky rqgc j,kv sl sukt Skjgskn unf rqgc Ow> udfsy ]Ow> jlkjl df ,g krukt hH go ],g hg; hH rfF¬f hd henkv sjlwn ds;®zi if|; 4,g Cgu skd suuql Bskd skr hH kxsgd go j,kv kxsuql u,kd ]wagd k; D suekl sd jxkl lb kysdv Te df ,g hrsn kjL skd henkv dS7dS go ]rdkr hd L\hH sl sukt skg kn,i sl ykl Xkjktg j,kv yc kd L\hH ]k;“al hd L\hH ]L\hH j,kv 4,g ;®l hg; ,g hr gd L\hH ]L\hH udfsy `,g k;D ;®lv Xe sjgx rqgc ],g krukt henkv dS7dS ]henkv dS 4hxXkg pl df ],g krskg kusy uke hH slm skr ],g pl df Tg sgj gd xsky sjkl c t 4Skojd gsnal jiM suiv henkv u,kd udfsy ]Tg Ow> so df ,g krukt henkv jg j,kv 4,g hL\[ jdskg pl ji jk/kv sd kr;üke hd L\hH yosd so ],g Cgu Bkpπl Bskd hd Xkrkc utf 4,g kvqg Xe ˜k"o jktg gN7paki j/b Fkl sd rfkt7;‘que hjwi ]kF kvqg skt Xe huk/tkj lm 4Tg sgj sn Bk[nf _¬o Xeg ],g _qi sd Xkvkrif sui v cl eg 4,g /≈nfal krif sjsr df k;nf krc hH g; suwr df suktuv df Cgu kri s>qr j,kv 4wr ,g yxki ]kxsuke u,kd skd sysdv sjsr 4,g hrskg pl go Tg srgd skd rkc ltf xsky surb 4Cgu kr[sn ]wr ,g yxki ]kgd su Xkxsky udfsy ],g kxau ktkj g; 4skg Sx skg yxki cl eqr k;D k;ky¥pf go ]k;x skg ukj,g go 4kF kvqg kL\[ Xe L\hH hH go ]hg u jc[ Bskd hd k <"sk? lb slm ]kF k;kv hH doq; hcutv dS sl oakx sjlwn unf lm Xe oakx lm 4s[sn Cgu hHd _¬o slsS ]_¬o slsS 4,g ;ü/ ];ü/ ]kgd j,kv sdXG ywG ]Bktc ak;yfkr su Xkxsky ji Xkr ¬kj 4sL\i Bk[nf _¬o skd hHl Xe jH oakx j,kv ]skg u /≈nfal krif kdltf ]sxXL\i Bk[nf skd hlm _¬o df ]Bx pqagi jc[ Xe jH oakx 4kyduf lwyt kd ktkj sxau lm unf lm Xe hu k/tkj lm 4kusn ykduf lwyt kd ktkj ]kF kgd su Xkvkrosn ]Tg sjrm kGn hygi _¬o g; 2tkjkge ]kgd sulm ]kF k;ky skd Xk_¬o ub skt su henkv lm ]kF kvqg u ewyke hH hHd klsS ]jd ugi Xgüb ],g kgj skg ewyke Z<winaukv surb ]wag ukj,g hH Te kyskc hH ktkj ]Sx s[ sn Cgu hHd ji hoƒ1i _¬o slsS 2tkjkge ,g ;ü/ ]Xgd j,kv Bktc ak;yfkr su Xkxsky sjkl j,kv 4k;x skg kL\[ u≈u gjr hjwi go ]k;x uNf hH j;ofjLav kd ktkj 4kF I‘i¬ skr Zdr g; ]sxXkg srgd hg dhO skr Tg srgd x sky surb ct 4sxXkg srgd hg dhO skr ]Tg srgd cl ct ]sy yske rchlqe huiv r)c(qe u,kd skr ]skg sgj gd xsky sjkl "s' ct udfsy ],g hyk[ hIsi ],g hyk[ Fkg ]kF kgj [nf skd d s;®zi 4kF u jk;,r Syf sd sukojd gsnal ji krif suiv hH Bskd dfXk;D ]Xe suktc hykr sF
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 75 egaP

dl skg Cgu hHd g; ]krdl skg Cgu g; ]kgd sueg 4,g Bx skg huk'sji rqgc7rqgc skr ],g hrkxy jdDp kd tjwl hg uhet 4,g krkxy Cgu jdDp kd uhet tjwl ]Cgu df kgd kGn hygi su henkv ltf 4,g krkxy jdDp kd uhet tjwl df sF sr>el eg dr ˜k"o Xkjktg 4,g hg yskx skr uhet ],g g o ,g skt ],g krskg k;D sl sugd sjse df ,g hLs\kt rkc dS sNhi sulm 4,g krskg k;D sl sugd sj se udfsy ,g Cgu yskx ],g hIip uhet df ,g krskg k;D sl sugd sjse df ,g hLs\kt rkc dS sl sNhi sulm 4,g krskg k;D sl sugd sjse udfsy ,g Cgu yskx ],g hIip uhet df wag krsn sgd Te j,kv wag krsy sxake hGke Te 2ke®keji sg ]kgd sulm 4Bx hg yduf rkc hpπl dS sl gqae sdlm ]rDo srxake ke{ udfsy 4hy xake ke{ Xe sjkpsc lm ],g krdl skg ;®lv ],g krdl skg Ow> Cgd Xelm skr 4,g ckrdf hd _qi sd ukoxH skr ycfbkc j,kv syko sukrc yskx skg u ,kd eqr skr 4,g hIip uhet df ,g kvqg k[yf su dr ycfbkc skt j,kv Tg sruke xsky cl skt dfXk;D ],g hgd rkc hOw> dS suTe df sl ke®keji skgd j,kv hGke sky xake ]kgd j,kv k;x k;nf jd kL\[ hr¬njct yc sd suIq? slm 4kF k;x k;kt sy dr huk/tkj jd Ihl? sl o ak x d S s l m ]h F B x sk g z e m h d l m j i M s l yk l j R l 4h F h g d rk c g ; s u l tf ]k F h e nk v kPw\c kjkpsc go 4sxXn kxy hlakG skr Cgu ]sky xake hGke eqr df jdkt sy Xe ryknv k;d f jwcte skd henkv lm ],g pl go ],g hgj hrkt huke rkc skt sl ˜k"o Xkjktg 4skgd re hHd rkc hlsS ]sky xake hGke ]kgd su Xkxsky ],g yskx uhet ]kgd su henkv ltf unf dS j G f 4 k F k r k t k u k e h I i p ] k F k r k t k u k e C g u ] k F k r k t k u k e ys k x d r ˜ k " o X k j k t g s k d u h et 4,g kukjqi Z"o Xkjktg lkgrfb kdutf ],g aSkrPw\e hlsS Xkjktg ],g hgj kt Bkjgskn rkc B skd sl ˜k"o surdf df ,g Cgu ykol g; 4,g ;®l df skt slm ]kxSki skg /çyim sl,d go ]kr ki pskl Cgu jdskg {i‘uf skt j,kv krki Cgu pskl jdskg {i‘uf hHd go ],g kjH sl rki{ i skt j,kv ,g hrskg L¬Lfqtzi ],g hrskg r¬zxrki{i 0fqc hd hlko4/3of 4hrskg Cgu {i‘uf 0 fqc hd hlko4/3of ]Sgfkp 0fqc {i‘uf ]_aro¬ ]hyko sujd urpV ]hyko supskl ]hyko sut sk[ ]hyko sujd jkpof Sgfkp [akv 4,g oHalv uZ'n kd ;®l Syf sd s/av j,kv ,g k/av go ],g krjd jkdho¬ rfakH lb skt j,kv 4,g hrkt skg r"kel tsk[ hd nq[ hdlm ],g krsy jd lko4/3of ji sjlwn skt ],g krkt gj rpfao sl suukt go ],g kruke skt 4sdl ukt go dfkr ]sl kr;üke ],g krskg kujd rDqe skd Rpf suiv slm ]Tg srL\i susn Ls\kr u/ac sjkl sd lko4/ 3of sd Ghycf sd kr;üke slm ]skg kuyduf Xe tsk[ hd ;®l skd rDf;ø ltf j,kv ,g u/ac kL\c slcl ji Rpf sd ;‘que hg; 4,g Bqg hL\[ ji jk/kv sd Xkxsky rqgc ],g rfÎho¬ skt g; 4Tg srjd jkdho¬ xsky rqgc df Syflb ZGlf ]Tg sruke xsky rqgc df Syflb ZGlf 4,g k;yf uke Xk;D ],g k;yf uke rfakH ldf Xgüm ]Cgu ktsk[ ]Cgu kpskl hHd suikv ji Xkthp utf 4kxskg ;®lv hH go ]sy uke hH skt jGf go 4,g ;®lv k'n hd R pf hdlm ],g ;®lv 0fqc hdlm ]krjd Cgu jkpof j,kv ,g krsy uke skt 4,g ;®l 0fqc hy ko sujd jkpof ],g ;®lv 0fqc hyko suuke ],g kgd g; slikv suTe 4,g utsk;zi k;D s>qe ]wag d Xk;D Te 4,g ;®lv Tg sruke ikv Nqd skt df ,g kgd Cgu g; slikv suTe 4,g nsH Xe Xkrkc Xkuskn ub j,kv ,g ;®lv kuuke ],g kgd g; suTe 4,g ;®lv go ]Tg sruke ikv hH Nqd skt d f ,g kgd Cgu g; slikv suTe jGf ],g Cgu ak;If,kld Bskd g; 4hrkt skg Ow> thp Bskd sl su skg Su u j,kv hrkt skg Cgu pl thp Bskd sl suskg sukjqi ]krskg Cgu sl re Bskd ;Z<uf kdl m 4,g Cgu kukt k;kOm kd XkFkg j,kv tkokv hd L\hH Bskd ;®l ];®l ,g Cgu _ardsky Bskd 4sxaSkt rht so ]Tg Fkg knk; Xe {i sdutf df 4kxSkt skg ;Z<uf kd ;®l skr S nf kOm Fkg suikv akgo df ,g hLs\kF IXek;y√ki d_fakrdsky Bskd ]dIfs∂skesL Bskd ;®l ]/acal
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 85 egaP

]Xe ukr¬dfki sgkp ]sgj Xe uhp Bskd sgkp ],g krgj Xe kdhjev Bskd sgkp ],g krgj Xe d¥qe I¬ufq;éd Bskd sgkp ]kd k;ufqn ,g dS r<fx 4Sx pqagi ji Xke;uf ddf,kyZokl ],g yZloufq; eg ]hd tsk[ su dsoof ]hd tsk[ su jkpof udfsy 4Tg srdl skg xyv7xyv j,kv r<fx ],g Xrkc hd uiyxki sl,d ]kF xyv r<fx kd XkvqngV ]kF xyv r<fx kd Xk;uf,t Xe ukr¬qngV 4sF xyv7xy v hH r<fx sygi ykl ,kl paki sl tkv ]wan krc g; skdikv Te udfsy 4kd k;ufqn hjkl ,g dS r<fx udfsy ]Cgu ],g krdl skg sl,d kl,t dS r<fx kjkgéqr kjkeg ]Tg ukeylqe eqr ]wngV eg 4sxXjd uhr skn j,kv skn k; sxXjd jkp skn j,kv skn skr eg ]Xjd paki skn j,kv skn ]Sk uc xyv r<fx kuiv wngV 4srdl kuc Cgu r<fx kl,t XkvqngV eg ]kxskg xyv r<fx kjke g ],g ukeylqe skr eg df Xgd eg df ],g krdl skg ],g krskg klsS ]xyv r<fx kd BklB ]xyv r<fx kd ukeylqe ]xyv hF,iskyS hd u,t ]xyv hF,iskyS hd wngV ]xyv h≠I¬efsd hd ukeylqe ],g hrskg xyv h≠I¬efsd hd wngV Cgd Syflb hrdl gj Cgu `Xk;D 4hrdl kt gj Cgu 'bktqax Bskd hd ˜ke/ rqgc Xe k;ufqn unf lm kxskg dsoof ]kxskg jkpof ]gxt hd lko4/3of unf ltf 4,g lko4/3of dr ct ]sxXgj dr cr ukeylqe7wngV j,kv ,g hgj L\i k/kc Xe sukv sd Ze/ sl gto hd ukeylqe7wngV dfXk;D 4Skt gj u ukeylqe j,kv wngV ud fsy skg skr Ze/ akgt Sgfkp k;ufqn hlsS dS 4Sgfkp Cgu BklB j,kv ukeylqe j,kv wngV Sgf kp Ze/ ]Sgfkp Cgu sjcL ]kd Ze/ Sgfkp jxkl 4,g hgj skg k;®g j,kv klgV ]Tg sgj skg sL\[ sL\x> ],g hgj Om /akL\l slcl um ]Sx L\l cl sjcL sd ukeylqe7wngV skr 4Tg srskg sIskN7sIskN ]srskg Cgu Ikjof so dfXk;D 4Tg srkt L\l hn¥t rqgc Tg srukt ikv sjcL j,kv Sx uc sjcL sIskN7sIskN go ]k;x gj Cgu jxkl go ]kjcL kd hu,t ]kjcL kd BklB ]kjcL kd ukeylqe ]kjcL kd wngV 4k;x skg r<fjfi Xe XkjcL sIskN7sIskN go jd Lq\dlf j,kv k;x krLq\dlf ]k;x krLq\dlf Ze/ j,kv k;x krjd rfx tskj7tskj skr ukKof Syflb ],g Cgu lko4/3of ukKof ] jkpof ,g ukKof dfXk;D 4k;x kyp krjkg syckdqe sd ukKof ]k;x L\i kNhi Ze/ sl gto hl b ],g Ze/ lko4/3of df ,g kgj krkt kgd g; dfwap j,kv jkpof ,g Ze/ ]dsoof ,g Ze/ ],g Cgu Ze/ lko4/3of 4,g Ze/v lko4/3of ]wag krgd slikv Te ],g Ze/ lko4/3of3,g kgj kr kt kgd dr cv skg rDq;dsoof ]skg u hlko4/3of ]skg u k/av ]skg dWxkt ]skg Z<wijkpof ]sk g {i‘uf Rpf kdikv df ],g k;nf jskt suTe Syflb 4hrkt gj Cgu rjWt Bskd slm ]krjd Cgu hg tsk[ hd ke®keji spπl go jGf ],g krkt skg r"1r jd L\di slm skt j,kv ,g kuL \di Xe sjs/av ]kuL\di hHv kdlm df Syflb kxskg kusn Ls\kN slm ]kxskg kusn Ls\kN slm ],g d kujr[ kugj O,c jd L\di slm ]k;x k;krc skt7skt sl eku sd ke®keji skr ]skg kutsk[ skd ke®keji jxv 4,g df skt slm ]skg krgkp kuukt Bskd jxv ],g hjWt kukOm jiM sl Xk;P\f W ]kjiaji ]rDqe sl kr;üke {i‘uf skd jkpof suiv ],g kgd g; slikv suTe Xe Xkunf uhr ub 4Xjd k;D ],g hrsn ysdP Xe sjs/av j,kv ,g hrsn jd rofkHzi skdeg ]kr;üke hjkeg udfsy ]krskg Cg u rofkHzi sl kr;üke hjkeg ;®l 4sxaSkt pqagi Iduf sd ;®l eg skr kxskg I‘i¬ /skc kjkeg ]sxXgj srdIH Xe sjs/av j,kv ryx eg skr ]hxskg ryx kr;üke hjkeg ],g gxt huiv ;®l 4krskg Cgu rofkHzi ;®l sl kr;üke hjkeg ],g krkxy Cgu hH cv ]kF krkxy jdDp df sF sruke eg ct ]kF krkxy Cgu jdDp hH cr tjwl 4,g krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb ],g Bx hgd rkc g; sl ˜k"o Xkjktg hg surdf j,kv krkxy Cgu tjwl ]sd tjwl ,g hrkxy jdDp hg uhet 4Cgu df kukt sueg ]hP\c >el hjkeg sl,t7sl,t udfsy 4,g krxM ],g krcwL tjwl d f Tg sr[sn sl Xk[akv tskj eg 4k;D sF srdl uke rkc hd h>elku xsky dr ykl Xkjktg 4kr
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 95 egaP

rlfdof skd ke®kv hd Ls\H jrhH suiv go ],g krkt sNhi sd sjlwn henkv skt j,kv kukt sNh i sd sjlwn 4xabskykG ],g uexquv ],g rH√x jrav Xe suskg Ls\H dfXk;D ]hHl hxaSkt yduf Ls\H 4Tg XLs\H Xe j? sjse ]wag krukt Te skd XkLs\H udfsy krukt Cgu Te skr r<fx ]kgd sulm 4hxsp c Cgu hH dS jrhH skr Bx yduf jxv XLs\H AN ]Tg sLs\H Xe j? sjse 4wag krukt Te skd XkLs\H udfsy ,g Cgu ewyke s>qe r<fx ]kr>el Cgu Te go ]kgd sulm Bx yduf jgkc AN ],g nac XLs\H gjkc wag kgj gd Te df krkv Cgu Xe >el hH kurb Xgéqr ]skg srgd k;D ]kgd su d{ 'f lm 4Cgu hH dS ]kgd su sdL\y lm ]hxXpc hurdf jrhH 4Bx yduf jgkc jdkxy x akyN XLs\H AN ],g nac XLs\H gjkc ]k;kjgskn u4/3zi kuiv sulm ]kgd k;D suikv 4wag krukt r ckc lb udfsy ]kgj iqp Syflb ]kF Cgu krukt Te rckc sd Xku4/3zi j,kv rckc j,kv kgd sulm 4kF k;kv Xe ywd¬ k;u7k;u j,kv kF kIskN rqgc go 4kF k;kOm Cgu Fkg hHd sulm ]k;kOm Fkg hg jkc hygi sueqr tkv ]skyskc akg ]kgd su d{'f 4kF kIskN rqgc kpπc go ] k;kOm Fkg spπc dS 4hxspc hurdf jrhH skr ]Skt yduf jgkc jdkxy xakyN XLs\H AN sl Xeum jxv ],g nac XLs\H gjkc Xe k;xfc hl hIskN dS ]kgd Syf sd suk>el skd Xkpπc um sd oakx sulm skr 4hF XLs\H rqgc akgt ]kF oakx kd Xk;jfL\x oakx go ]kgd sulm j,kv kF kgj k P\i Oki sd r<fx skd Xkpπc suiv dik;÷v dS ]Xe ywd¬ sl sIskN dS ],g huql kuI? dS suTe 4Tg srkt skg rfakH hd XkLs\H Cgu ;‘que so ]Tg srht sl lko4/3of xsky skt udfsy ],g rH√xjrav Nqd cl g; Xe su skg ;‘que ]hd suskg ;‘que ]u®;zi Z<wilgkl kd supqagi dr krZ<wi slm ],g kO,c sl iW thc skt Xe a;o¬ ]tsk[ dFv hdlm ],g kiNf skt jrhH sd a;o¬ 4<Ziel rfzi sd rDf' j,kv Z;ƒekl ]kr_aro¬ hd a;o¬ ]o®;fkn rfzi sd dsoof j,kv kursp hd a;o¬ ],g Zr' hygi hd suskg ;‘que 4,g ukeiv kL\c slcl kd ke®keji Sqg siNf jrhH sd ;‘que kuyp rfakH hd Xk/av j,kv 4Tg sryp rfakH hd Xk/av eg dr cr ]Cgu hg srpskl ]srjd Cgu hg tsk[ eg dr ct udfsy 4kxsn ync skd uoht sdikv go sL\i ewyke pl skdikv skt jGf j,kv Xjd jkpof Xpskl kLs\kF ]Xjd tsk[ htuf3Xtsk[ ikv ],g ryx Zdr j,kv xaP kd suuke g; kdikv ]wag kgj gd g; Te 4,g Ow> sl iW hjWt go df wag kgj gd Cgu g; Te 4Sgfkp huskg rkc hpπl go Syflb ],g kruke Bskd sl ykl jktg df kusy kuc re hIjfkFv skd rkc lb ]skg sruke sl ykl Xkjkt g hg surdf sgkp j,kv skg sruke xsky hg surdf sgkp ]wag krgd Te Syflb 4Cgu gjr hd lk o4/3of s/av ]k;x kukt gjr hd tsk[ djfkp,o ra;®v dS go cr ],g k;x kukt Ze/ hH ct dr tkv Xe k;ufqn ],g kukt sl <jxkt sd kursp huiv ]dsoof kuiv ]tsk[ huiv 4,g kukt Cgu ji jk/kv sd lko4/3of suXkgüm ]su <‘Î ]su ekj ]su neégske ]su I¬bk∂ ]su 0qc ]su jhokge ],g kukt skd Ze/ hH su Xkxsky utf j,kv ,g krdl skg kL\[ Ze/ ji jkpof 4akg ]wag krgd Te 4,g krdl skg kL\[ Ze/ ji jkpof k;D udfsy ]Cgu hg Ze/ ]Ze/ kvqg kL\[ ji l ko4/3of dfXk;D 4kxskg r"kel Ze/ ],g kgj skg r"kel Ze/ sl k;ufqn df Tg srky¥pf xsky sj kl hg; 4Tg sjk;®g sdlm hg; j,kv ,g kgj skg I‘u Ze/ df ,g srky¥pf xsky sjkl hg; j,kv 4k rdl jrm Cgu Ze/ dr cr ]xsky sxXkg Sqg sIac Xe Xkukeylqe7wngV ji uhet dr ct 4hrki skg Cgu tsk[ hd ;®l jGf skr ],g ;®l hg; ,g krgd go ],g krdskj Xeg lko4/3of kjkeg 4,g ZFelv Xe sutsk[ skd Xke;uf dskyZokl um eg ]<jkd sd lko4/3of sjkeg udfsy ],g y Zloufq; hH so 4Tg srdl skg sl,d xyv7xyv hH e;uf sd ke®keji skr ],g yZloufq; ],g dd f,kyZokl e;uf sd ZFkni ;ükekl ct 4Tg srdl skg sl,d dsuv e;uf sd ke®kv skr ,g dS e; uf sd ZFkni ct j,kv ,g dS uwukd sd uhet ct ],g Xk;D dsuv Ze/ 4kdl skg dS Syflb ]kvqg /çyim kjk} sd jkpof r<fx 4k;x uc ukKof r<fx ],g dS r<fx ]Xe ukr¬qngV sgkp
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 06 egaP

kpi go df Skt yp kri skr ]Xn sn kdD/ Xe huki Xe hnu hl kjt skd henkv lm udfsy 4 Xdl jd nkoof ]Xdl jd Zdr ]Xdl sn uk;“k;ø Xe thIl√oufw; ]Xdl [yf Xckrdf ]Xdl jd <"kH XkIa? rckc sd suj,r skr ]skg sukojd sllm <"kH j,kv Skt skg djkpof kL\c slcl kd k;ufqn rckc sd suj,r j,kv Xn jd er[ sd hxntV ykl lkpi 4Xy P\i go ],g Xckrdf hurtf Xe Xkvk"kH paki7ln ]Xy [hl aSk"kH paki7ln ]Xy P\i ],g h[yf Xckrdf hurtf Xe k;ufqn 4Xy P\i Xckrdf rqgc ]Xy P\i Xckrdf Xe /acal sd suj,r henkv dS sl,t ],g krskg hg kl,o go ]kr sn Cgu rfx Bskd skd uoht go ]srskg Cgu <kzi Bskd Xelm 4,g krskg nskjkc ]jk/m ]klkc ]kF skF <kzi‘uf endS go ]srskg Cgu <kzi Bskd Xelm 4,g krskg /çyim sl Xkckrdf j,kv Xkrak0lf ]Xkjkpof ]Xknç' yosd skt ]sl ukK ldf ],g hjWt kukt skg rDqe hH sl ukK hg rp4/3fuf 4 ,g rkc chtv hL\c skr g; ],g hjWt kukt skg rDqe sl ukK ]kgd suTe df ],g kNwi Xe /acal h lb 4,g hjWt kukt skg rDqe df ]kgd suTe Syflb 4wag Cgu htkj skd suuke skd Zr' hH hldf hd susn sk[ skd nq[ Syflb ]wag kgj jd rkc hd tsk[ hd a;o¬ dfwap skr Te j,kv Tg srsn sk[ skd suiv ikv Xelm 4,g ryx kuuke jd [sn skd Xkjlwn df ,g g; ykol ]ikv Tg sruke k;D df ,g Cgu hg ykol g; ],g kgj gd ryx hH go ]Tg sgj gd ryx hH ikv 4,g dhO sl,d go ]Tg sgj gd skt ikv skr ]kgj gd Cgu dhO kpπc go jxv ],g kgj gd dhO kpπc go k;D ],g kgj gd k;D kpπc go skr 4sxXkg sruke Ow> k;D skr xsky Ls\kjd lhc ]rdkr hL\c hu rb ]'sn kL\c kurb ]"Qqikge sL\c surb7surb 4sxXkg sruke ryx k;D skr ],g Cgu jo4/3B d f Tg sruke Xk;-'[ ]uyf,I¬ ]ZlDke ]uyf,y "Qqikge sjkeg 4sxXkg sruke Ow> k;D skr ]Tg sruke xsky Ls\kjd lhc ]sxXkg sruke ryx k;D skr Tg sruke xsky Ls\kjd lhc df kxsgd go 4,g Cgu jo4/3B df ,g krxy suuke hH go ],g Cgu jo4/3B Tg sruke xsky Ls\kjd lhc ],g kr[sn go ],g krskg kn,i kpπc dS akgo 4,g Cgu jo4/3B df Tg sruke xsky XkLs\kjd sl Xe XkLs\kjd sl Xeum j,kv Tg xsky Ls\kjd lhc Xe lW ]Tg sruke xsky surdf df Cgu rjWt Bskd hd sujL sl lb Syflb 4_aro¬ j,kv rDqe ]uk/alquv ,g ;®l ]jkpof j,kv dsoof ,g ;®l ]tsk[ hd a;o¬ ,g ;®l ],g Cgu uexquv ;®l ],g Cgu lko4/3of ;®l ],g Cgu kr;üke ;®l 4wan gd slikv Xe /acal sd u4/3zi lb skr ]aWd Zkpp Te hdum ]Tg XNwi u4/3zi j,kv Nqd 4hd rkc Xe Xkun f uhr j/b sueg rckc sd e;uf sd suysk[ [akv lb 4,g krht jdysk[ [akv ]krjd Cgu u exquv jdskg k/av skt go ]dr a;o¬ kxpqagi u,kd 4,g Zr' hygi hd supqagi dr kn[ ]kupqag s q i dr nq[ j,kv krki pqagi Cgu hH dr nq[ ],g krdIH ],g krdIH ],g krdIH ],g krdIH sNhi sd sjlwn go 4,g jwn rqgc skr kupqagi ji ke®keji ]krki pqagi Cgu hg ji nq[ skr go ],g kryp sNhi sd sjlwn skt j,kv ,g Zkpp hjkl hdltf ],g krkt pqagi ji ke®keji lm go 4,g kryki slm go ]Tg srjd jhokge ]Tg srjd <‘Î ]Tg srjd ekj rkc hdltf ],g krsy ki slm go ],g krsy tsk[ slm ,g jrhH suiv skt df ,g g; rkc hd Z;p4/3kv sL\c j,kv 4,g jr hH sjse skt slm ,g kutsk[ ]sNhi sd hldf ,g kukt Cgu ]hy jd k;®ge®kv huiv sulm ],g k rkt sNhi sd sjlwn henkv skt 4Tg srsn sk[ hH sd o®o¬ sd suskg ;‘que skr ljoskykG g; 4Tg sr kt srskg sL\[ Su7Su j,kv u,t ]BklB ]ukeylqe ]wngV ]Tg Xe k;ufqn hjkl joskykG surb skt g; 4Tg sr[sn hg; sl eku sd ˜ke/ skr eg udfsy ],g Cgu sl xabskykG ]uexquv /acal kd Ze/ 4Tg srdl kt ikv ZGlf ]krdl kt Cgu jrhH sdikv Bskd dfXk;D ]kxSbkt sNhi sdldf Syf sd sukt jrhH sd nq[ j,kv ,g Ze/ kukt jrhH sd nq[ 4,g Cgu Ze/ kukt sNhi sd hldf ],g Ze/ kukt jrhH sd nq[ d¥fc 4Cgu kukt sNhi sd hld f ]Cgu uexquv ]ke®kv hn sk[ ]oj,kx k;nf sk[ ]kejfx hn sk[ huiv sulm 4kgj Cgu ;‘que go ],g h;k;quv kd hldf skt ],g krjd skykG skt ]Cgu skd ke®kv hd henkv ],g kgj jd
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 16 egaP

4 r k c rk j lm Bx I? k;D 4kLs\kN Cgu hHd eJkv go su doq; lm jGf j,kv Bx I? rkc Bskd k; ÷al hlm ]kF skd suLs\kN go k;÷al ltf udfsy 4kxwa[hl k;D j,kv ]kxwauql dr cd skdub 4r"k el rkc j,kv ,g krkjgskn Xrkc hl hLs\kF Nqd Bqg h/ac skr g; ]Cgu Syf sjse Qqx g; ]Cgu S yf sjse gxt g; 4watsk[ j,kv Cgd ]skd eJkv lb wan Ls\kN ]kpskl sulm j,kv kOm cM go 4k F dofkHko¬ kd doq; ]kukt cM Xe unf g–ai ],g krsn kjgskn skd Cgüm tskj7tskj 4Tg Xrkc hg hl hLs\kF ],g Cgu Xrkc rqgc lki sd hlk;üal 01o lm df kxy slm udfsy 4huql Xrkc hd hl k;üal 01o lm sulm ]kdQ akgo dr unf g–ai ]k;kv hH hlk;üal k;u dS 4Tg srsy ukK ]srj gO ]srkv xsky Su7Su Xe eJkv lm 4kF eJkv dS kdlm kIskN ]kvqg jhdG dS Xe ykxac 4Tg srsy [hl sl Xkjlwn eg skt ukK go ZFv kjse sl ukK ],g kr/akc ukK 4aSk t hrLs\kN ],g hr/akc skd Rpf sjkeg skt Xrkc hjkl g; df ],g hjWt Syf sd su[hl lm udf sy ]Skt [hl kuj,r sl,d go df 4sF srjd rkc dr unf uhr j/b eg hg ji kyd sd suj,r lm ],g kr[hl kuj,r Xe Ze/ skt ],g krki ukt go ],g nwt,ke Gjr cl skt ]skd ke®keji l m ]skd naukv cl lm ]skd ezsi cl lm ]skd Z;nTkl cl lm ]k;ki Cgu /ac udfsy ],g k;x k /akc Xe Xk_¬k' skt skdcl lm 4,g kdl kt Cgu kgd udfsy ]k;x kgd Xe Xknç' skt ]skdcl l m ]skdcl lm unf dS ,g krki ukt go 4,g krskg ukerfx Xe k'nf hd suht skd ;®l uoht ]jdskg rak' rfzi sd ;®l uoht jdLs\kN jdtsk[ skd ukK lm skt j,kv ,g hjWt kusn Ls\kN sk d ukK lm ]Cgu hxal ],g Cgu hFkl ukK kyko sukv sl Xknç' ]akgd suTe Syflb 4,g krsn kcn >skc ]Cgu kL\c ],g krkt skg kIskN j,kv kurm henkv 4,g krskg >skc kd Xkckrdf ji jlf ku rtf ]Tg srsn jd hjkH j,kv skd henkv srjd Cgu kdyg ]sIym Tg srkt uc >skc nç' ]srdl uc Cgu <kzi nç' ]srdl uc Cgu oku nç' ]Cgu srkj,r nç' udfsy 4Tg srkt skg F¬Oad sl m cl ]ycfbkc ]ukjqd ]krhx ]n"ufim ],g krsy jd sØdb nç' 4,g kri Cgu hH ukt ]Cgu hg krki skr ht go ],g krgj kxy Xe suukt skt udfsy ],g krsy ukt go ],g krsy ht skt he nkv skt 4kryduf Cgu kuht sl suukt udfsy ],g krkv yduf kuukt sl suht 4Cgu hd suuk t ]Tg srjd ''fskd hd suht skd ke®keji skt ]Tg srskg jki xsky hg so yosd hH Xe hnu hd k e®keji 4hrk[lf kuj,r Xe ke®keji u j,kv hrk[lf Cgu kuj,r Xckrdf hH Xe hxntV ]wag kgj kt Te 4Cgu kvqg ],g krskg I‘u kukv gyskl kdikv udfsy 4kxsgj kpc kukv jkp ]Cgu ∂G f Bskd ]kvqg I‘u kukv gjkc ],g krkv kuj,r s>qe ]kyp Te 4,g krskg I‘u uoht kukv kgyskl kdikv ]kgd su ky¥qe 4Cgu ]kgd suXkgüm ],g krkv kuj,r ht rLfai ]kNwi su uhYQlu ky¥qe 4hxy sukxexL oku ]ukGwr kd jskt k;kv Om hHr j,kv k;x skg I‘u uoht kukv jgkc cv `k;D ,g Wkrm skd sujd hg jkdsc uoht wr ]kgd sulm ]kxy sulag rLfai go 4tkjkge Cgu ]kgd su gky¥e ],g kukt _¬k'uZ'n wr kgd sulm 4hyp rkc hLs\kF j,kv ]k;x skg jkd sc kukv Okv ]k;x skg I‘u uoht kukv jkp j,kv kjsr ]kgd su rLfai lm 2tkjkge Cgu ]kg d sulm 4,g krukt _¬k'7Ze/ wr ]kgd sulm ]hyp sxkv rkc hLs\kF jGf 4k;x skg ZF;ø uoht kukv jkp kjsr ]kgd su rLfai lm 4tkjkge Cgu ]kgd su uhYQlu ]kF rLfai kd _¬k'7r< fx go 4skg srukt _¬k'7r<fx eqr ]kgd skd uhYQlu sulm hg tgl Xe phc 4k;x jki sd hnu j,kv ]kO,c ji oku hdlm unf dS go rLfai kyko suukt kd Xkvk"kH hukjqi rqgc ]Kr <fx ]uk}of kL\c rqgc dS kd oakx lm 4kF krkt sy jki skd Xkxsky Xelm ]hF oku hl hIskN 4kF krjd ekd kd h>ake dr Xkunf Nqd ji hnu dS go 4uhYQlu ky¥qe ]kF jhdG dS 4Tg rkc hg j,kv kuj,r j,kv 4,g krkv sl suj,r kuj,r ]krkv Cgu sl ukK kuj,r udfsy 4kF ukK go ],g kd utsk;zi ldf ],g kd rehd ldf ],g kd ZFv ldf ]kF kukt skt Xe Z"o l
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 26 egaP

gj Cgu kehl Bskd ji d‘r¬fe sdltf ]krsn kjxf Xykohn hjkl hd d‘r¬fe suiv skt ]krsn dXG jdykduf jgkc skd jF®i7I2/1b hjkl sl d‘r¬fe suiv henkv skt ],g j,kv rkc hd aS qd udfsy 4Cgu hry,G sl Cgd j,kv ,g hry,G Xe uoht /2/1xqn hurtf sl d‘r¬fe sd XkrLfai Syflb 4,g krxy sudXG wcnc huki kdlm j,kv ,g hrkt L\l hn¥t hurm ]skg hL\c hurtf t ,kg df ,g g; Bkpπl dfakykg 4,g krkt skg rLfai kL\c kurm go ]hL\c hurtf t,kg hdltf j Gf 4,g krsy jH Xe t,kg huiv j,kv ,g krkv sy huki sl gxt7gxt jGf 4ykohn ,g krsy jd jk;,r cl ]ykohn hd suskg hnkoakyG ]ykohn hd suskg hraknso ]ykohn hd suskg ukeylqe ]yk ohn hd suskg wngV ]Xe ykohn suiv ,g krsy kuc kykohn sdjd kØdb jF®i7I2/1b rLfai 4Tg sr skg kn,i rLfai slltf ],g krskg ukK kyko t,kg dS 6,g krskg kd gjr skn hg slsS dhO hH ukK 4,g hrL\i hukuc kykohn hd jF®i7I2/1b Syf sd sudskj ],g krL\i kuky yt ],g Cgu yt Xe t,kg 4,g k rskg kusn jd xyv Xgüm ]Tg sL\i jiM jF®i7I2/1b ],g yt Xe aSqd 4Tg rskÛ kd yt skt ],g k rkv yduf go sl sphu skr ]srkt skg xyv I2/1b ]jF®i ]hÈef hjkl ct j,kv 4,g krL\i kuj d xyv Xe aSqd ],g krL\i kuky Xe t,kg 4,g krL\i kujd xyv ]krL\i Cgu kuky ]krL\i kuj d xyv jdykduf slm ]skg Nqd skt hÈef ]jF®i ]I2/1b sygi slcl Xe aSqd 4,g krL\i kujd kIym ekd Xe aSqd ]Xe aSqd udfsy 4,g krskg kjs? hd jF®i ]I2/1b ,g hrskg ykohn yosd t ,kg ]krskg Cgu huki Bskd Xe t,kg 4Tg hrskg ykohn hd jF®i ]XI2/1b huiv ZGlf Xe t,kg 4krskg Cgu huki Bskd kuiv Xe t,kg ]srsn jH Xe t,kg jdky huki sl Cgd jGf 4Tg srkuc kjs? kd t,kg ]srkuc ykohn ]srjd sØdb jF®i ]srky I2/1b ]srky hÈef ]Tg srjd k;D eg Xe t,kg 4r fakH hd t,kg ,g krskg ukK dS j,kv ]rfakH hd aSqd ,g krskg ukK skr dS 5,g ukK sd gjr skn 4,g kiNf jrhH sjkeg skt ]go kxsxkt cr j,kv 4,g hjWt kusn Ls\kN slm ]Cgu kd ZFv hH hldf ,g krxy suyskc jrhH sjkeg jdkv sl j,kv Cgd skt ukK klsS 4sryskc Cgu eqr ],g hryskc Xckrdf sl jrhH sjkgéqr df kyskc g; ]kyskc k;D kPw\c g; 4sulm kLs\kN Cgu skd eJkv lm hHd jGf ]k;x dQ ]kF krgkp kukt jdLs\kN hlk;üal sk t go 4,g akgd ykol kd ek<jfi ]Cgu hg kgd Nqd sueqr df wan jd unsouf hg; Te skr syg i skr ]kvqg ek<jfi k;D kdlm kgd skt suTe df ]skg srgd eqr skr 4,g Cgu nç' hH dS kv qg kyskc kjkgéqr ]sF sryskc Cgu eqr 4hF hryskc Xckrdf ]sF sryskc _¬k' ]kgd su 01o lm 4 kF kryskc u,kd sl jsn hurb skr kryskc Cgu Te kyskc 4Cgu hg sryskc Nqd skr eqr ]wag kruql sl sIa? skn Te df ,g hugd hg; skr rkc hygi ]_ef sjse kgd sulm j,kv 4hysk[ [akv sulm ]k F kruql kO,c Sdf nac [akv dr jsn hurb kPw\c go ]Xe /acal lm Tg srpskl k;D ]Cgd Xrkc skt suTe 2okHqukge ]kNwi sl hlk;üal sPw\c lm sulm 4,g kL\i okHi k;D ]df k[sn Gjr hdcl z sulm jd dQ 4kdQ hlk;üal k;u go ]Bqg hjwi rkc 4kxskg krskg h[qn j,kv krkrNi ue hg u e kl,d ]jduql Xrkc hd hlk;üal lb ]hxskg hrxy kruhg hurdf 4Xe ue hg ue ]hxskg Bx sk g uhg kHrfzi hdlb kurdf ]ukeiv ]hxskg hrskg oHquv ufky≈ kurdf Xe ue sd hlk;üal 0 1o lb tkv df su doq; lm kpskl ]ZFv u ],g jkl rqgc Bskd u Xeutf ],g krsn kjgskn tskj Xrkc BkIif7hIif Nqd skt ],g kPw\c g; dS ]hF 'kyr hdltf henkv go k;x yef dhO 4gc ql yd aMkt kyp Fkl sd hlb ]skg Qqx klsS kvqg ;ü/ ]Zdr kdlb y'qd kl,d ]I‘f1n hdlb hu,i hurdf ]jkpof sdlb e”wl surdf ],g Xrkc hdlb hjgx hurdf ]klsS skr skg Qqx 2gskv ]kvqg Xe ue sdlm ]kF kruql jdO,c go ]kF krgkp kuLs\kN hlk;üal doq; skt ]Sk>el rak0 lf dhjkc sL\c ]e”wl sL\c 4hd Xrkc hjgx hL\c hd o®r dr sIa? skn sulm ]kF k;kv hlk;üal k;u skt go ]Sqg sØdb hlkoZrav sd eJkv lm rkj j,kv ]sl Cgd k;x kv hlk;üal j,kv dS
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 36 egaP

hd jF®i j,kv ,g Cgu hjskted hd pakd Bskd Xelb ],g kuskg jF®i kd jF®i j,kv kuskg pakd kd pakd yosd Xelb ],g Cgu hjqnkgc Bskd hd jF®i Xelb 4Skt skg jwp7jwp pakd df dofk Hko¬ skr sl hdL\[f hd pakd kxSkjdI jF®i skr k;kjdI sl hdL\[f hd pakd sd yge k;x ]wadl krc Xgéqr jdI,ky j,kv `kd 'kdkv lb ;¬gj ,g k;D wadl ukt dfkr ]skd k_k; hd ' kdkv ]wag kgj kt Te ]kgd sulm 4wag kgj kt skd k_k; hd 'kdkv hLs\kF Te ]re skvkL\c? 2Xk_ ef df kgd jdky¥pf sulm ]kxy suywG j,kv go ,g Bx L\i Bkuql slm 4hxSkt hg L\i Bkuql skr go ],g hrskg skt skr ],g hrkt L\i Bkuql hH go ]hrskg Cgu hHd jkd;t7;t skt ],g kt e kL\c 4hrkt L\i Cgu Bkuql skdldf jkd;t7;t ]hL\i Bkuql hH skd jF®i sdDi hlm jkd ;t7;t hd sphu ]sxy suky¥pf jkd;t7;t 4sxy su[sn jdskg ukj,g rqgc jF®i sd sphu ud fsy Xe jkr¬of ]Cgu kri s>qe skr knk; go sphu kxskg kvqg Nqd 4,g kgj kt jiM skt ],g Bk H kIskN kjse g; ]skg kgd sulm ]skg jF®i kyko suL\y okuqp Bskd ]Xkg hykduf skIskG suXkgüm ]skg jGkzxskIskG Bskd ]Xkg hikN jc[ suXkgüm ]skg I¬yfZut ]skg lhou jkc[v Bskd Xe XkjF®i ] ,g krdl skg j,kv 4hxy sutc ak;yfkr j,kv jkd;t7;t ]kxy suskg sphu ct j,kv 4,g kgj Om jiM skt ]k;x skg kn,i jF®i rqHnv klsS Xe 'ao sdum ]Xe yqd sdum ]Bx skg ng ]sxy suj d ;ü/7;ü/ ]sxy sujd jkd;t7;t cl so ]skg kOm jiM jF®i Bskd df hF u kuI? Bskd h lsS Xe oHquv sdum 4hF Bx I? kuI? rqHnv ]sxy su[sn jdL\kG X[akv jF®i Sqg sP\i sphu ]kxy suOm jiM ]k;x skg uto huqxqn jd ywG ],g hurdf >el ],g hurdf ydv ]kjgO hg jF®i j[fkv~~~kuqxqn jd ywG skr Gjr hd ygetkj kxy suOm ct ]kvqg kL\i sl uhet j F®i go kl,o 4Skt skg kuqxqn jd ywG skr sxy suL\m Gjr hd hy¥nf j,kv Skt k;nf dXG sl jqi;nm henkv Bskd sl,t ]k;x skg kuqxqn jd ywG jF®i 4kF oHquv k;u ]kuOm jiM kd jF®i ]hF kuI? ZowirwHv g; skr 4Cgu srP\p ji BkP\p ]Tg srdPq\y ji ukyP 4Cgu Gjr hd jiM ]Tg srkt Gjr hd sphu jF®i ]kF oHquv k;u g; Xe hxntV hd XkjF®i ]kxy suOm j iM jF®i go 4kdXG Gjr hd hdL\[f hd yge j,kv k;yf kOm jF®i su spπc dS 4syduf Sqg srys[ akgo spπc Nqd ]kF kvqg kxy jsP dS kd XkjF®i Iduf sd ygetkj sL\c rqgc dS 4S kt kv Xe >e l r kc h dum sllm wagd hukgd hl hIskN dS 4wag krsn sgd slum Xrkc skn skr ]skg Ski u >el ]skg Sk i u uql sl dhO go n;k' ],g Cgd Xrkc Nqd Xe /acal lb gcql suTe if|; ],g krkt skg kn,i sl,d jkdgv g; ],g kNwi suXkgüm 4Sgfkp kukt IwN jkdagv df kgd gcql suTe ]kgd gcql su a Te kl,t ],g kNwi suXkgüm ],g kNwi u4/3zi dS j,kv su _ef dS 4,g hrskg Wq' hukv rfak∂ Xe u oht sdlm skr sLs\kN Bskd ukK ]kgd suTe skd k'n Sqg s/ac sd Rpf lb ],g k'n hd Rpf g; 4Xdl jd u 'sozi hH d <jdf Bskd hd tjwl jrhH sdlm df Tg srdl kuc kydf rwcte kurb sdjd sØdb _wl nç' j,kv 4Tg srdl jd hL\[ ykohn huiv jdky Fzax j,kv Tg srdl kuc rwcte j,kv skd t,k g suiv go ]-te hdum ]Tg srgkp kudQ sl suuc kvqad skt j,kv ]hxskg husn hg kIef huiv t,kg Xgüm ]Tg srgkp kuuc kvqad skt 4Xdl skg /çyim ukK kyko aSqd dfkr ]kgd skd suLs\kN S yflb j,kv ,g ukK kyko t,kg go ]kgd suTe Syf sd suLs\kN skd ukK ltf skr ],g rfak∂ dS u kK ],g kry'qd dS ;®Lfaki ],g krdl skg /acal kd hukK ],g Cgu /acal hH Bskd kd rLfai sl Ze/ 4Tg sgj srjd k<"sk? hd suskg r/facal sl Ze/ sl Gjr cl rLfai if|; ],g Cgu /acal B skd sl rLfai kd Ze/ 4,g krsy jd kØdb skd ukK sl Gjr cl rfakH hd t,kg skt ]rLfai ,g g o 4krkv sy skd ukK sl jrhH suiv rfakH hd aSqd skt ]hukK ,g g; 4kd ukK ]kd yt ]kd u oh t r sk Û g o , g k r k t k v s l j r h H s d l m ]h r k t sk g x y v Z r i h jk l h d j F ® i 7h È e f 4 h rk t
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 46 egaP

uskg hH kn,i ikv ]kF kNwi su hldf slikv ]l;Œkp Bskd hdikv ]Xelb ,g ;Z<uf Bskd kdikv 4,g unfeüt kjse ]Tg srgd ikv skt ]Tg srgkp kuskg kn,i cd ikv df hF hNwi Bskd ]Ffrf ][ hjkr Bskd slikv 4Tg srgkp kuskg kn,i unfeüt ldf ikv df su hldf kF kNwi slikv 4,g unf eüt kjse ]eüt kjse Tg srgd eg udfsy 4Xe uoht ,g krsn dXG rpfjfiv u,kd ]Fkg uktuv u,kd ] rdkr uktuv u,kd j,kv krtsH Xeg u,kd df ,g kri Xeg ]Tg srkt skg kn,i sl,d eg ,g kri Xeg 4Tg srsy eüt Xk;D eg ],g kri Xeg 4Cgu jF®i Sx sdXG jk} sd XkFkg uktuv Cg üdf hH eg k;D 4,g k;D nq[ eg udfsy ]skd k_k; wag kgj kt Te df Tg srlag ikv jduql skd rkc lb ]hd jF®i lb 4Tg slag ji suiv hHd skr ]Tg srlag ikv ji jF®i lb j,kv ],g U Hf kl7u,kd sl henkv g; 4,g hckj[ hl u,kd Xe sjkpsc lb ],g hrkv Xk;D hlag skdikv ji j F®i lb ]sxXP\i hH hdlm ]kxs[yf hH go 4Tg sgj srP\i gjr hNπv ikv skdum j,kv Tg h[y f su XkjF®i j,kv hH sygi sdlm dfXk;D ]hxSkt skg jc[ hxsyp kri skdikv skr ]kxsy [yf hn¥t ],g kgj [yf go ]sk[yf hH eqr 4Tg sr[yf "Qqikge hHl dfXk;D ]sk[yf hGkzxsk;kcskIkv 4hxSkv ekd sd Xkpπc sjkeg ]skn [y f jWt kFde®kv huiv eqr _ef ]kgd su XkjF®i sdlm cr j,kv 4kxsjd hHd j,kv skr ue k d jF®i skr krjd kl,t ue hd henkv ]ue kd henkv ],g dofkHko¬ yqdycf skt ]Cn jc[ hd supqagi Xe XkFkg dsuv ]kF k;x Xe Fkg dS 4k;kyrc kvqg kjgO Xe Xkyge Bd ]kF kjgO Xe yge dS 4Skrc pakd Bd ]kF kjke pakd dS ]sulm k;df yGu<qx kd Xkthp Bd ]Xje q_' surb7surb ]kvqg jkd®l kjse gxt hlsS7hlsS ]kvqg rxko¬ klsS kjse ]k;df g; suTe ]k ;df g; suTe ]Cgd kFd hcay huiv sulm k;D7k;D df ]kNwi su XkjF®i um j,kv 4kvqg k;D7k ;D ewyke u j,kv kvqg uIk?nm gxt Bd ]syp slyt dr unf Bd 4Bx Bkugi aSkykeywG ]sphu kjxf go 4kF k;kv jdI,ky go ]kF k;x dsky–ap skd k_k; hd 'kdkv kF k;x hFkl kdum ]_ef kdum ]sF sO,c xsky Sqg sL\kG X[akv skr sphu skr ji hjsP huiv kxy sujxf lifko go 4,g hrskg ewyke lsudhl eskg ],g hrkv nk; rqgc hd j? 4Xyp I,ky lifko ]kgd Xe ue su jF®i lm skr 4kdXG lifko skd jF®i su jd,ku lm jGf j,kv ]xsky syH surdf ],g krky [nf ezsi 4,g krkOm Xe Fkg Xe rxko¬ dyfke kd ukde ,g krskg ewyke k;x kv ]kgd sulm 4kOm skg .nx7.nx ;nÔ ]skr jF®i ]skr jF®i ]Xe Fkg skd jF®i k;kO m sulm 4k;kv kvqg kxkH go hd pakd hd sukt IwI tkokv hxskg hL\i uql skd jd,ku sd yg etkj df kF hg krpskl g; go j,kv ]Tg xsky sNπv sL\c 4SkNcf uhykd akgo ]kd ekJof kF Zxke kjse skt ]Bkuc hdL\[f akgo ]kd sukv kF Zxke kjse skt ]Cgu kdwp Te pab dS 4kL\i u nsH Bskd ]k;df cl dhO7dhO ]kF skd sukv Te sl akgt ]Bkuc hdL\[f gxt dhO ]wag kgj kv Te df kF kri k;D 4Syf sjse ,g k[j jdkuc yge ]hezsi sd jkd®l7rxko¬ sl,d j,kv hezsi Ffrfv surdf j,kv ],g k[j kNcf uhykd suXkgüm df 4Bx pqagi hg sygi jc[ hd supqagi sjse k;D ]xsky s; ,g ;ü/7;ü/ ]kgd j,kv hy lakl hLaO sulm jdjxf ji uhykd ]kL\i jxf ]kxsk g k;x kv ji sFke kuhli ]kF k;x dF ]srpqagi dr yge srOm sl hyx ]Tg srkt xy uoht 7uoht k_k; hF hL\c 4,g k_k; hIskN Bskd k_k; hd dr yge sl hyx hd dL\l 4hF hd k_ k; sulm hcay ]jF®i kF k;x dF 4kF kNcf uhykd ;¥weqgc ]ji uhykd hd yge ]kjxf j F®i go j,kv 4skg sL\i jdskg jpkudp ];≈kH kuiv cv k[sn 4kxSkt skg jwpkudp ]kxSkv w Xe sr¬kj sjse skt ],g k"kH hd rfhutkj skt ]kyskc k"kH hgo go 4kxSkt skg jwpkudp skr Cg u ]Skv u Bskd Xe sr¬kj sjse df ]kgd Cgu suTe jkc hurdf ]kgd su jF®i lm j,kv 4Tg srl ag j,kv srky[fy[f jldv krsu df sl,t ]klag j,kv k;ky[fy[f jF®i udfsy 4k;x skg jwpku dp IwI pakd k;kjdI jF®i ],g kuskg jF®i kd jF®i ]kuskg pakd kd pakd 4,g Cgu hjqnkgc
iEsd jqi;nm

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38 fo 56 egaP

fd Bskd Xe su[sn skd kr;®lv hdlm ],g ;®lv skt ],g krdl [nf skr sxX[sn ikv ]kxskg Cgu hH Nqd sl sugd sjse 4kxwagd Cgu hH Nqd Xe /acal lb j,kv hn gd hukgd dS suTe Syflb ],g Cgu /acal Bskd kd su[nf skr sl sugd sjse j,kv kxSkt [nf skdikv skr ]kutsk[ skd hxn tV huiv ikv g; ],g krskg kn,i sl,d g; udfsy ]hd Xrkc gcql slikv suTe Nqd rqgc Syf sd uZtlof sd jkdagv lb 4,g hrskg r"kel ji /çfyim hd ke®keji j,kv ,g hrskg Hajkzi sl u Ztlof sd jkdagv rfak∂ rwHjk/kv j,kv hnk;ufqc slcl hd Ze/ Syflb 4wag kgj skg rwcte sl lb Te df kxsgd j,kv kxsy Ls\kt lki7lkv suiv skd thp jg j,kv kxSkt hi cl jkdagv g o ]Xe oakx lb kyko sujd kuZFkzi hylv wag Te ]skg syko sujd kuZFkzi eqr ]wag kyko sujd kuZF kzi Te ]kxsgd j,kv kxsy kuc utskH kuiv j,kv ]kxSkt hi hH skd kuZFkzi go 4wag kyko sujd ktwi Te df kxsy kuc utskH kuiv ]kxSkt hi hH skd ktwi jkdagv go ],g k/kc jkdagv go ]krdl skg Cgu /acal Bskd sl ke®keji 4kxsL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd ]skjd skg kujd k/hl7kIym h H skt j,kv _ar7_ae skP\i ]kuZFkzi skjd ]ktwi skjd dr cr ]jrhH ,g jkdagv dr ct skr 4,g ;®lv ke®keji ],g krukt hH g; sl iW Z;koufv go ],g ;®l jkdagv ,g kr>el g; skt j ,kv ,g ;®l ke®keji df k;yf ukt hH g; sulm ],g ;®lv jkdagv ]k;yf ukt g; sultf 4 ,g wygi kjlwn kd sdDlf sd suskg ;®lv sd jkdagv ]kuskg ;®l kd ke®keji 4,g ;®l ke®kej i df ,g krsy ukt hH g; go <{®r hg Fkl sdlb ]hg Fkl sdlb ];®lv jkdagv df ],g krsy ukt g; skt j,kv 4Cgu hH Nqd j,kv ;®lv knk; sl jkdagv ],g krsy jd oHquv go ],g krtsk[ ],g kr[sn ],g krdakv kLs\kF skd kFd hd uoht suiv skt j,kv ],g I‘f1n hH hLs\kF j i uoht suiv skd henkv ltf skr 4Bx gj kFd hl u,kd j,kv jGf 4Bx skg er[ rkc skr ],g kgj gd Xrkc hd h>elku hl,d go df Skt [nf g; skd jF®i lm jxv ]k;x jkdagv skr Skt [nf g; 4krL\i Cgu kuLs\kN jkdagv skr ]Skt [nf g; j,kv 4Xe jkdagv lm ,g Cgu hH Nqd ;®l ],g k;kN ],g yk;[ ],g ywH ],g h>elku df kxSkt yp kri skr kusy tsk[ k Ls\kF ],g k;x skg kn,i sl,d df wagd k;D Xelb Te skr 4k;x skg kn,i sl,d jkdagv kxSkt yp kr i skr ]kusy pskl jd [j gxt hdlm kLs\kF skd hxntV huiv ]sF Sx lag ji kFd hd jF®i lm ]kOw> rfakH hd k;kN ,g ]skL,' yqdycf ,g skt 4,g Cgu krdl hH Nqd rxZFkni Bskd kd ltf ],g Cgu y;'fu,Ilcl yqdycf skt ]Cgu gxt Bskd hdltf ],g kOw> yqdycf skt ]Tg srsy Ls\kt skd Te suiv sl ekd jg eg udfsy 4,g kFd hd jF®i Sqg sdXG hxntV Cgu ]sd lko4/ 3 ,g dyfke ikv 4sxXdl sy ikv skr hxSkv u lko4/3 jxv ],g kri skdikv udfsy 4lko4 /3 ]wag krsy Te Tg srgd ]Tg srkv akgd ikv `,g k;D kdikv 4hxSkt yef skd sjlwn nkc jsn hLs\kF ]Bx yef skdikv cv go 4Tg sdqp sy sygi jsn hLs\kF rqgc hlskL\i sdikv go ]Tg sgj sy hHv lko4/3 ikv skt ],g sO,c xsky surb eg akg; ]lko4/3 hjse wag krgd ]wag kgj sy Te l ko4/3 skt ]kF jhj' kd s/,ki hldf ]kF kl¬gf kd s/,ki hldf dr yd udfsy ],g kgj uc kl¬gf kdikv jdkt Xe jhj' sdikv go ]Tg sgj k[ Uv tskj ]Xe Xk/,ki ]Xe Xk;{fi ]Xe Xkvq'i 4aSk_k; ,g hd Xe Xkjhj' surdf ewyke7ku ]Xe Xk<d ub ewyke7ku sygi sl >qe 4Tg sdqp gj Xe Xkjhj' surdf ewyke7ku ],g <d skt7skt sjse Xe jhj' lb ]Xelb kdikv ,g k;D ]jhj' kjse Tg srgd ]Xe hxntV lb ,g hdikv thp hl7u,kd ]hdikv hxntV ,g k;D ]hx ntV hjse Tg srgd 4Xe hukot lb k;x kv akgd Te g; ]hukot hjse ]srgd udfsy Cgu ]sl su skg ukot ]srkt dQ ikv skr skg u ukot df Tg srgkp ikv k;D ]Sx skg ukot ikv df Bskd ,g u®;zi kdikv g; 4,g ekd Bskd kd Fkg sdikv g; ]skd hukot lb Skv sy ikv ]hukot hjse Tg srgd ],g chtv kL\c kjse g; 4unfeüt kjse Tg srgd udfsy ][hjkr Bskd u ]unf kNwi u ]Tg srgkp kuskg kn,i ikv df ]kNwi su hldf slikv u 4srgkp kuskg Cgu df Tg srgkp k
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 66 egaP

oS ]ji jda'hj,kx hgskjkrZoi syko suP\p ji XkL\kgi sl jH k;ufqn udfsy ]Cgu hg kr[sn Bskd skdum ],g yjl rqgc kuP\p skdum ]krjd Cgu ∂Gf Bskd hd Xk;Ifskp hIskN7hIskN ]Tg srkt suP\p xsky Xkjktg ji I¬sjoS 4Tg ak;Ifskp Xkjktg hIskN7hIskN j,kv ],g hIskp hd I¬sjoS ji ;y kegf 4,g hryef r"f1r hL\c skd jkdagv Xe suki skdlm ,g hrskg uOfd thp skt dfXk;D ]srsy k i skd ke®keji kd hHd xsky sl rqgc skr ]krskg uOfd kuki kd ke®keji jxv 4,g kte kL\c d¥fc hrskg Cgu hg BkuOfd k'seg sNhi sd suyef u udfsy ]Sgfkp kuskg uOfd ,g krkv y k;[ skr ],g Cgu kryef ct jWt 4Cgu Xk;D kryef jGf ],g yjl ,g yjl jkc7jkc ]Tg srg d ikv df ,g kNwi suXkgüm skr ]Xjd ;r u,kd dfXk;D 4kryef Cgu df ,g kryef skdum df ,g Cgu skr kdDi Bskd hH kdlm j,kv skg kryef ke®keji n;k' skr skd Xkxsky sl sLs\kF surdf 4srsy Cgu Xk;D ki xsky sjkl jGf skr ],g yjl kuki skd ke®keji df Tg srgd jkc7jkc ikv df ],g kNwi su _ef dS 4kxaWd hjwi Zkpp huiv Te jGf j,kv ],g hNwi skt ]rkc hl hIskN dS 4,g Iduf rqgc ;® l j,kv ,g yjl hL\c hxntV skr 4,g krdl jd go df skt ]Xjd ekd Gkl j,kv k/hl ue jx v udfsy ],g krjd ekd ji Xkr¬kj sOwuv j,kv chtv sL\c ue kjkeg 4kxSkt gj Cgu kr¬kj Bskd kd suIwN sl jkdagv cr 4hxSkt skg yd4/3fqe hL\c cr j,kv skg kgj Nwi hg jkdagv ,g krdl skg g; 4,g k;D chdjr hd susk[ jkdagv df Xy kxy kri chdjr skr ,g Cgu jkdag v Bskd kdltf ]aMkt uc henkv klsS Te jxv df Skt kv kte rqgc df ]skg kgj Nwi ],g k rdl skg hg jkdagv g; 4,g Cgu jkdagv Bskd kdltf ]aMkt uc henkv klsS Te jxv ]Skt kv kte kL\c df skg kgj Nwi hg jkdagv kdikv g; ],g krdl skg udfsy 4wan jd r"kel sl ,d Te skdlb j,kv ,g k;D g; ikv ,g jWt srNwi jkdagv 4,g hrkt skg hL\[ BkuOfd hjkl sll b ]Tg srgkp hH kutsk[ ]Tg srgkp hH kupc ikv udfsy 4,g hrdl skg hjwi Cg; j,kv tkv skr tsk[ skr ]sgkp u kupc jxv 4Tg srgkp hH kupc ikv ji yr sjgx hldf sl Xkthp Cgüm ]Tg srgkp kutsk[ ikv skd Xkthp utf ]wag krjd unsouf g; slikv Te ],g rqH.nv hL\c hxntV 4kxskg k; D jGf skr ]k;x yef wr jxv ,g jL dfk;D ]wag krkt yduf jdpc sl gxt lm udfsy 4kx X Skt yef akgd wr df wag Te hH krukt j,kv ]wag Te hH krtsk[ ],g kte kL\c j,kv wag krtsk[ Te udfsy ],g akgd j? kjsr df ],g kri gjr hNπv s>qe dfakykg ]wag kgj tsk[ jGf s>qr Te sl cr j,kv 4Skv u hg yduf jduql tkokv wr Cgd df k;kv jrm sphu sl Xk;P\fhl jdysk[ srwt sjh/7sjh/ Te j,kv hn Ls\kN lifko hLqad suTe ]k;x jL Te skr 4k;D kxaWd dr ykd rauv7 rauv jGf ]kxaWd k;D jGf skr kxSkt yef wr udfsy ]kF k>ym Xelb ]kF kr[yf rhx ]kr jd kuZFkzi ]kF krskj ]kF krtsk[ s>qr skr dr cv ]hF krr¬;ø g; ]kF krtsk[ s>qr skr dr cv ]kF ekd g; ]kF krtsk[ s>qr skr dr cv ]kxaWd k;D Te jGf ]k;x jL rqgc Te 4kxaW d k;D Te jGf kxSkt yef wr 4kxaWd k;D Te jGf skr ]kxSkv yduf wr j,kv ]hxSkt tc h Lqad df k;kv yk;[ s>qe df ]kF hg skd suktc Te j,kv hy sy Xe Fkg suiv hLqad hd jk} sjsr suTe 4k;x P\p ak;P\fhl hjsr Te ]k;x pqagi ji stkojn sjsr Te gcql dS j[fkv 4kxy sujd h g kNhi kjsr Te j,kv ]Cgu kxaMsk[ cv s>qr df ]k;yf jd ;r suTe jkc dS udfsy 4k;x sk[ wr jGf j,kv hyef dy> hjsr rqgc hLs\kF jkc dsuv Syf sjsr hryp tsk[ hjse sl Xkeüt ]˜k "o rqgc7rqgc ]wag kgj tsk[ s>qr Te ]ke®keji sg df k[yf rhx ]k[yf rhx dS su Fku–Coj 4kvqg kGn dS klsS slcl skNwi Syflb ]skvkt sryp j,kv skgj snqae X[akv ]re hg sk[sn Syf l b 4k ; x g ; df k [ s n df T g s r uk t g j r h N π v e g X e u e s j g x df T g s r gk p C g u S yf l b e g ku[sn j,kv Tg srgkp Cgu ku[sn eg j,kv ,g hjlwn rkc skr ]sgkp u hg ku[sn eg 4,g BkuO
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 76 egaP

Xckrdf 4kxskg k;D ewyke u ]Xe /acal sd Xk;yfsgi7r<fx ]Xe /acal sd Xkykr Xtsk[ _¬k' ]htsk [ Xckrdf suXkgüm j,kv Sx Xe Xk;ykdr¬qi ]Sx jktkc Sqg sxkH uj,kG skr skn sl Xeum ]k;x y p kri skd Xkuhr 4,g jhto hgo ],g krkv jdysk[ skd sykr lb sygi slcl skt df kxSkt kg d skdum j,kv kxSkt k;nf jd nac jrhH sd sjed skd Xk;rDf;ø Xkuhr ]jdkxy skd sykr lm ~~~ Xe oakx sjwi ]kF kri skd henkv jg ]k{hji ,g skd suskg g; df kyp kri skr Sx Xe jktkc so 4,g skd suskg k{hji g; yd df hF Zkpp hdlm ji ukdwn7ukdwn ]kF kvqg kxy Zkpi ji y kohn7ykohn Xe oakx 4Bkv u hg rjWt hd sukyp kri Zkpi ]Sqg ukj,g so udfsy ]Sx skg d ql®m hH so ],g dql®m sl k'seg ]Sx skg dql®m Syf sd sukyp Zkpi hg tkv -Fk{hji df ] kF Cgu klsS j,kv 4Tg srskg dql®m -Fk{hji hHl df kl,t ]Skt yp kri Zkpi kd yd rfakH hldf df sF dql®m so sl >akl tkv ]hxskg k{hji gcql yd ]k;x kv unf kd k{hji ]skg k {hji hH Bskd df sF Skv jdskg jk;,r Syf sd rfakH cl so 4kF ykol kd <je7uoht ]kxsk g k;D df sF dql®m hH xsky Xkuhr so ]kF dql®m 'sn kjkl ]k;x kv unf kd k{hji erfav 4kF kukt kuqp dS sl Xe uhr ub ]k;x gj skd suskg kyl,G erfav cv 4Sx s>el d/fZkol Xe 'sn sjwi skt ]sgj pc henkv uhr Xe rav srskg7srskg huIaN srskg7srskg okuqp srskg7srskg aSk{hj i jGf 4kF kutsk[ u,e lbko dS 4Syf sd sutsk[ skd henkv uke0fqc ]Bqg aSkrxfsk;rfzi sd gjr dsuv Xe d¥qe sjkl ]Sx xy suhge uhr skr ]sF srkuc h_ae so jd tsk[ skd henkv u ke0fqc slcl Xe jH 'sn df ]kF e;uf kd ; kj lm 4Bx skg q;®1e hdlm ]kF h_aekge kL\c skt 4k;x je jhto kL\c kd ; kj lm ]Xe ; kzekl sL\c dS ]Xe Xkuket sukjqi rqgc jkc dS 4aWd hjwi rkc hd rkj Xe Zkpp huiv hukgd hl hIskN dS 4srki skg /çyim Cgu sk d ke®keji Syflb ]Tg srjd tsk[ hd uOfd eg df ,g g; <jkd kd suki u j,kv ,g yjl wag krgd Te udfsy ]Cgu hrpt rkc skr jGf skr ],g yjl kl,t suskl Xe j? Xgd Bskd udfsy 4Xy [sn jdyp Skt kv skyp df ,g krpt skd hjkdagv hHv skr skg kuyp ji jk/ hd jko yr ]skyp jGf skr skg exv ]eZxqn ]gWqn ]rkc uOfd ,g hrpt skdlm ]Cgu hg hrpt rkc yjl Bskd jkdagv udfsy ]Tg srdl ki rDo hlb ikv skr skg u jkdagv jxv ],g yjl rqgc kuki skd ke®keji ]wag krgd skr Te 4Cgu hH Nqd j,kv <"sk' kd jkdagv ],g <"sk' kd ue sd ;‘que g; ]Bqg nktB hd Xkchdjr sl uOfd sl uOfd ji eku sd Ze/ Xe k;ufqn Syfhlb 4Xy [sn jd rht hH skdlb kd,ke dS Xy [sn skyp skr ],g uOfd rkc jxv ],g krkt skg W q' kukv lj skd jkdagv dfXk;D 4Sgfkp kutsk[ jGf df ,g hrkt pt rkc skd Xkxsky Nqd j Gf skr ]ke®keji kxsyef sl ''fskd eüt7eüt Cgd cr ]kxsL\i kugj sL\i Xe iw/ ]sxXL\i suknNf sIakd ]hxXL\i kuLs\kG X[akv ]skd suiv sxXL\i kujke sLs\kd ]kxsL\i kuLs\kN j? ]kxsL\i kuje s[wH ] kxsL\i kujd ulk'7jlf ]hxsL\i hujd ''fskd eüt7eüt df sgd go j,kv Skt yef kyko suk rc BkuOfd hd ke®keji Bskd ct ]Tg srkOm hHr so ]Tg hH srkOm [akv hHd7hHd xsky Nqd 4krkOm Cgu [akv Gjr lm henkv Bskd S yflb ],g Cgu akgo hr,kuqp Bskd ],g Cgu akgo tXy,p Bskd Syf sd jkdagv ],g yjl rqgc kur ht skd ke®keji 4,g krgkp kurht skd k;ufqn henkv jg Syflb ],g uOfd rqgc kurht skd k;ufqn 4Cgu Gjr lm ],g yjl skt j,kv ,g krkt Gjr lm jkdagv kd henkv ],g uOfd skt skr 4hy rht suTe j,kv thp uOfd hurb ],g krkv lj skd jkdagv Xe suP\p ji uOfd df ] kL\i Bk[nf s>qe cr j,kv 4,g uOfd kuP\p ji ltf ]Tg srP\p Xk;D ji lb 4,g yjl kL\c skr k uP\p ji ub ]srP\p Cgu k;D ji ub ],g ak;L\fkgi hIskN7hIskN ]kxy supskl Te ]kvqg ukj,g rqg X c Te ]Xe suP\p skdlm Sx je xsky surdf ewyke u Xe Xkykl lkpi 4Tg srgkp kuP\p ji I¬sj
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 86 egaP

jkpof ]hd 'sozi ]hd suukpgi ]hd su[sn hd Rpf hxskg Z;ƒekl hurm ]rak' Rpf kxskg kur tf dfXk;D 4,g hjWt kukt skg IXybkl ],g hjWt kukt skg u,ke skr skg kujd yg ykol hH Bsk d Xe hxntV dfXk;D ]kF kgj jd ''fskd hd suskg u,ke go ]sl jH rkj kF kgj jd k;D go ]u,ke kF kO,c ikpiqp henkv skt go ]Sx xy Xe suk>yql r<fx suiv skr so 4skn sujd hui v s>qe ]skjd huiv eqr ]kgd sulm `skg sgj jd k;D ]skjd jk;,r Nqd 2okHqukge ]k;x hH sllm jkc skn dS suXkgüm ]k;x O,c sdjd nac [akv Xe suskd dS henkv kjlhr go 4hF huskg yg hysgi Bskd Cgd df ]hF ykg r"{fof klsS ]hF hgj yp Igkjc? g; ]Skt yduf u kjlwn Bskd Cgd 4hF hgj yp hn¥t hd suskg jhto ]kF kgj yp ekd cl Xe ue sF srjkrm dav sdlm ]sF sr[sn dav ]sF srysk[ ckrdf hjlwn ]sF srysk[ ckrdf ]Xe sujd kL\c skd hysg i ]k;nf sn kjkgl j,kv Xe Xkckrdf ]Bx hrskg hysgi hL\c j,kv hysgi 4,g krki k>yql Bskd Cg d henkv skr uklkv dfXk;D ]k;x kyp kr>ym j,kv kyeke hg kurm ]Xe sujd yg so Sx xy sl htsr hurtf skr 4hF u rljqG hd LXdsl dS ]kF kujd yg hn¥t ]kF ykol kjH u >ym kl chtv kL\c ]Sx xy Xe sukxy cklgf kuiv j,kv X[sn dav ji sykr ]Cy ysk[ Xckr df huiv suXkgüm ]k;x O,c jdnac [akv Xe suskd dS go 4Nqd u ]kF k;ky Xckrdf Bskd go u ]kF >elku dS ]sF jkn>el skn so 4hxSkv hg sy hdkykp hjkn>el ]hg kxsjd g; go ],g jkn>el hH skt 4sF srjd hg klsS hH -Fk|of sd sygi ]Tg srjd klsS -Fk|of sd ydtk v df spskl u g; Bskd ]hykduf jgkc Xckrdf Bqg hiNf j,kv sykL Fkg jrhH sd XkL\id suiv sl hn¥t suXkgüm ]hF hd hjk;,r jH rkj suXkgütf rDf;ø skn so 4k;x kyp jgkc go sdjd n ac skd jk} jdLs\kN skd Xkuhr 4wag krkt Te ]skjd yg eqr cv skr 4kxSkt k;yf uqp go ]kxS kt skt jhto go ]kxSkv yduf jgkc sdjd yg henkv skt 4kxSkt yq[ hg srjd yg kykr skr ]skvki jd yg eqr jxv slb ],g huc jiM hysgi 4hysgi dS hd r<fx ],g kykr g; 2 Xk_ef ]kgd su ktkj j,kv ],g suc dav j,kv güpf sd r<fx ji ltf ],g kvqg kdIy kykr sl chtv dS ji jk} ]k;nf jd nac Xe {d dS Xgüm su ktkj 4hF pl XgkoGv ]spqagi Xkuhr so 4skn u k/kc s>qe sdjd kiÎ eqr ]krsn Cgu k/kc Xgéqr Te 4skn sujd huiv s>qe ]skjd hjk;,r huiv eqr ]kgd sulm kd sukx rhx ],g rDo Bskd g; 4,g kgj kx rhx k;D g; eqr df k;kv hH kl¬qx rqgc skd Xkuskn um ]kvqg krkuqxuqx rhx d S go j,kv Tg sgj yp r<fx skr Xe ue sdum ]uk'sji u,psc j,i srkxexL skr skn so ]syp Xku hr so ]hF Bx skg hdum rykg Cgo 4krkt gj Cgu nk; hH Nqd Xe uoH7k{hji udfsy ],g k rskg nk; Xgüm cl 4,g krkt skg kd Xk;-Fk{hji hHl sl,t ]kF k;x jH sl okur ]rak'v ]u,p sc rqgc d‘r¬fe ],g krkt ywH hH yk;[ kd skn j,kv skn kdum ]skg hd hjk;,r hurb suXkgüt f jH rkj dfXk;D 4sF srdl krc Cgu so skr Tg srskg surdf skn j,kv skn3krNwi slum Bskd jx v df Sx pqagi Xe rykg lb so gcql ]k;df nk; ]k;df nk; sl rfakH cl <{ dS ]Cgu S skl jH rkj ]hd hjk;,r hurb jH7rkj suXkgüm 4k;x skg L\cL\x Nqd ]sl dŒk' ]sl Igkjc? d ‘r¬fe kdlb skr k; df s>el xsky so 4kOm stc rkl go skr tkv ]kF krkv Om stc [aki tskj skr henkv go ]Bx skg gcql ],g hgj skg hjk;,r hl u,kd df Sqg ukj,g rqgc so 4skn sujd huiv s>qe ]skjd hjk;,r huiv eqr ]skjd re hg rkc sl>qe skr tkv ]kgd sulm skr hH k;k Om slm suXkgüm kGn jkp skn ]kgj krskl henkv go ]sgj srjd hjk;,r skr so jH rkj 4Bskd ,g kgj jd Cgu hjk;,r ]k;x skg k;D ]k;x kL\c? ]k;x jL ]Cgu kxsO,c Xe k{hji g; ]k;yf sy ik≠L ,g krskg ewyke sulb ]k>el su Xkxsky skn um ]k;x skl jd ukr jnkp hg sl >akl go ]kF chtv kL\c Xeum henkv dS udfsy 4kF Cgu hg ykol Bskd kd suskl ]kF ykol kd uj e hxntV ]sgj srkxy cklgf ]sgj srjd nk; ]sgj srIsk? jH rkj ]sgj srP\i jH rkj ]Skv sy
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 96 egaP

cw[ so ]hdum Sjfd kosl ]Sbkt lki sd XkvQqx s;P\fi _¬k' ]kxSbkt skg rLfai s;L\fdi skd Xk;yfsgi 4hrkt gj Cgu hysgi Bskd {el sdltf skr Skt skg rak' skt ]srL\di Cgu skd ue lm udfsy ]Tg srL\di skd Xk;yfsgi ]Tg srNwi u4/3zi sd akgd7akgd ewyke ku sd jH suket 4C gu k; ,g /acal Bskd kd ˜ked ,g srNwi 4Cgu k; ,g eüZtuqi df Tg srNwi ]Tg sgj L\di Cgu skd ue ]Tg sgj L\di skd Xk;yfsgi ],g k;D dju ],g k;D Zxo¬ ],g akgd ],g k;D jo4/3B ikv u4/ 3zi jkc7jkc ,g srNwi 4,g Cgu hHd hysgi Bskd suekl sd ue rak' skd hysgi kxway [sn jGf 4rak' slb way jd df skd ue kL\di sulm ]Cgu skd hysgi ]skd ue kL\di sulm ]kxSki kuk> yql skd hysgi Bskd ue rak'v j,kv rak'v kxSkt skg ue skd sujd yg suL\di skd hysgi 4,g Xrkc xyv skn g; ]skd sujd rak' kF kL\di skd ue suiv skd sujd yg sulm ]hF hL\di Cg u hysgi 4u,ke ikpiqp kF k;x O,c Xe sysdv ]Xe sjed lm ]hF hd su henkv lm go skt ]sx Xjd ''fskd hd suO,c Xe ;üw' lm jkc erfav eg cv unf erfav ],g unf erfav g; 4,g hd unf uhr j/b eg rkc hg hd sukt ]Iduf sd Xkjk} um Skt Bskd udfsy ]syq[ ,g jk} ]nac skg jk} sdlm df Cgu jskOd ke®keji j,kv ,g krdl skg sl,d uOfd ,g kjse skt ,g hgo dfXk; D ]iWo¬ ,g dfk;D ]yjl ,g endS ]yjl ,g ra;®v ]yjl ,g rqgc 4rqgc ,g yjl ],g uIk? X nm kd rauv j,kv ,g r"kel q;®1e akgt cl ]sl r1ev j,kv ,g krsn jH sl dskykv skd uoht skt cl ],g Z<winaukv Xe uoht skt cl ],g Z<wiZFv Xe uoht skt cl 4cl ,g krsy ukt go ] ,g krkt skg ;üw' j,kv rak' skt j,kv jk} Syf sdlm ,g ue ;üw' ]jk} Syf sdlm ,g ue rak' 4krsn Cgu supqagi dr ke®keji ukK rFfdkFr df wag kgj gd jkc7jkc Te Sy flb ]kxSkt >ym j,kv kxskg Cgu yg ]Tg sryp sujd yg eg sl ue s>ym lb j,kv ,g sO,c eg Syf ue kvqg k>ym j,kv yIft dS ]Cgu lki sjkeg ue yjl j,kv rak' kyko uukpg s i skd kryjl lm udfsy ],g yjl rqgc skr ke®keji 4,g yIft rqgc kRe0fqc hd henkv ,g yjl rqgc skr ke®keji 4,g uOfd rqgc _¬k' sd henkv ,g yjl rqgc skr ke®keji ]kxSkt kyq[ ktkojn df sxskn Cgu hH kdD/ eqr 4sk[sn ]skOm ,g Cgu nac ktkojn ]kxsn gd uj,kG ue rak' go ]Sgfkp ue rak' ]Sgfkp Labke IXybkl ],g hjWt Zr' dS Syf sd su[sn skd j k} syq[ lb udfsy ],g kvqg kyq[ jk} kd ke®keji ],g kgj jd ''fskd hd suysk[ slm u,kd Syflb ],g Cgu nac jk} kd ke®keji 4,g hrkt hyp hrskg uOfd rkc j,kv Tg srkt syp sr> ym so ]Tg srtsk[ Xe Xk_¬k' j,kv Xkrak0lf skt j,kv ],g Cgu ykol go df ,g kvqg kuc ykol Syflb ke®keji 4,g krkt kyp krskg uOfd ],g krkt kyp krskg uOfd Syflb 4sl,d kxskg yg skr ]Cgu hg ,g skr ykol 4krkt skg hH yg skr krskg ykol dfXk;D ]kxSki jd yg skd ykol hHd k;D go ],g krkt xy Xe sujd yg skd ykol kucf spskl skd rkc lb skt 4Cgu k ; hH ,g ykol go sy skr [sn ]Tg srgkp kujd yg eg skd ykol ltf df kF e;uf kygi kd hjkn>el ]hF hjWt huukt rkc hygi 4Sx xy Xe ''fskd hd suysk[ slm eqr ]kxy Cg u k; ,g hH kxy kykr df ]kF kusy [sn skr g; sygi ]Xkyxki sjv 4k;nf sn rwcl kygi kd hjkn>el sulb ],g rqHnv henkv g; ]kgd su ktkj 4henkv r¬ql klsS j,kv ykol uOfd ku rb ],g krdl pqagi jgkc j,kv henkv g; df hF hrdl skg Cgu hH kui¥d skr skdum dfXk; D 4spqagi sl,d jgkc eqr sjv ]kgd suXkgüm ]hyq[ X[akv hdum cr ]k;kv jdsy jrhH slm ct ktkj skr go 4k;x yduf jgkc sl Xeeg dS df kyp Cgu hH kri Xgüm ]sF sxy Xe ekd su iv rDf;ø skn 4k;x yduf jgkc go ]kF kdIv ]kF Cgu kvqg kxy ktkojn ]hF rkc hd hu kj,g hL\c ]k;kd/ ktkojn sulm k;x ji stkojn j,kv kOm go j,kv rak' k;x skg ue kdlm j[fkv jGf 4kF kgj jd hg; go hH cv ]Skt gj u jkpof Bskd ]Skt gj u u>ym Bsk d Xe ue 4Skt skg rak' rfakH cl df kF kgj jd sl ''fskd sl rkj hjwi skr hd tsk[ ]hd
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 07 egaP

4sxXjd rkc gcql hd tkv eg Xe /acal lb 4,g krkt skg Ow> j,kv k;ƒef hg uoht kjkl go ],g krskg kL\[ uoht skt Syflb 4,g krht go lki7lkv sd ;®lv hlb j,kv ;®lv ;h–Xd ],g ezH ;h–Xd kd uoht sd ;‘que g; ]awg Te ],g eH kL\c slcl kuskg kjse 4kuskg kjse ]awg Te df ,g g; ezH kL\c slcl j,kv ,g ezH g; awg ZkRd Te ],g ezH g; awg krukt Te z 4sxXdl >el hH hjlhr hg jWt so Tg k>el skd Xk;P\fhl skn su Xkxsky utf udfsy ],g ydæfqe hL\skF hH j,kv hukv Xe yk;[ rkc hjlhr 4Xkg Bkv hH Xe yk;[ Xrkc skn s; n;k' 4sxXjd jkpof eg ji rkc uOfd d/fZkol j,kv hjlhr tkv 4,g hd jkpof sueg Xrkc Xkuskn g; 4,g kOw> j,kv rakzH endS hH okH g; ]awg dyfke kuiv ]awg dyfke kd Zed ]awg Zkrd Te kjlwn 4,g IEb hygi hd g1xkjkd hd ue sd ;‘que ezH kd ukK 4awg krukt Te hd yk;[ g; ]ezH g; ]/skc g; ],g hd rkc lb jhtat hygi 4sxXjd rkc hd jhtat hjlhr tkv j,kv Tg hd rkc sueg hd Xkjhtat skn sl Xe Xkjhtat um ]Tg Xjhtat hl u,kd ji ue sd ;‘que Xe Xkunf skn srhc .ue®kv ;zif sjse

~~~,g hjWt Xe uk;÷ 4sxXO,c Syf sd uk;÷ sd rkj cv eg jkc erfav 4,g hrdl skg /çyim ke®kv hdum Xgüm hg skr ]Xdl ukt Nqd nq[ ]Xdl xkt so df Skt kv hL\? Bskd Xe uoht sdum ]kd tsk[ ]kd jkpof ]Xn kd,ke kd urpV skdum Iskp go ]wag krjd rxko¬ kdum ],g krjd nko;ü/ kdum ]skg Bx pqagi skdutf udfsy 4kxaWd ''fsk d hd sukpqagi sl jskt j,kv skr kxaMkv jkc hyxv df wag krxake ke{ slum skr ]skg hpqagi u Iskp skdutf kd Xkxsky um skr kxsgj [qn 4jd ukt Bkpqagi XIskp hl rqgc suTe unf uhr j/b 4sgj Sskl hH Xe iadwH n;k' ]skr skg syko suskl sjgx hg rqgc dfXk;D 4XIwI hH u ,g krdl skg j,kv sIwI nCu hjkeg n;k' skr Skt ygf cl j,kv Skt kv iadwH j,kv h /akv Bskd j,kv Skt kv ukGwr sl jskt rqgc Bskd skr 4,g Cgu oHal hH kuygf skr Skygf u sl krjskOd ]sl krjw∂ rqgc Bskd skr cv sjgx ,g Sx skl ]hu? ,g Bx skg krL\t dfXk;D ]Skt skg Nqd Xe hxntV hdikv n;k' skr sn jd sL\dqI7sL\dqI skd ;nÔ sdikv j,kv Skt uc jxv u dfsy 4srdl uc Cgu jkoyr j,kv ,g jskted sd henkv rqgc nç' dfXk;D ]krki kpqagi Cgu h jwi ]wag krki kpqagi hg hLs\kF Iskp df ,g krkt gj hg kurb skr [qn 4Cgu Xe suktuv Bskd ,g Bkpqagi Iskp go hg jdukt suTe dfXk;D kxwxake Cgu ke{ Te udfsy ]hxskg hpqagi Iskp skd ue sdikv slltf Cgd Xrkc hl rqgc hlsS ]suTe skr dS 4wan gd slikv j,kv Xe j[fkv Xrkc uhr 7skn s; df ,g hjWt Xe <{ lb sd knof skr ]Cgd slikv suTe Xrkc k;D7k;D ewyke u Xe Xkunf uhr j/b j,kv ,g unf erfav dfwap j,kv rkc hg hurb 4,g Cgu hH Nqd j,kv sd ke®keji ; kolf df kxsL\i Bk[nf jGf skr ]sk[sn jGf j,kv ;üw' slm skn sukt skg 4u,ke slm skn suskg rak' slm skjd ],g jrhH skt skd ue lm sktsk[ ],g krtsk[ jRm sdub go ],g krtsk[ skd sykr skt dfXk;D ]skn Ls\kN hH jRm Snf sdcl ub ]Fkl sdlm skn Ls\kN skd sykr ]skn Ls\kN skdub skj d kiÎ ]Tg srgd k;D 0qc ]Tg srgd k;D jhokge j,kv ,g krgd k;D ukjqd skr rckc sd suy sk[ skd sykr lm ,g hrgd k;D krhx df g; kupskl re j,kv re hg kupskl 4kupskl re y qdycf Xe /acal sd sykr ]sxXO,c jdskg iqp Xe suskd dS hH eg jsn hLs\kF gjr hd henkv lm 4,g krsy jd k_k; ue kvqg k>yql j,kv hd suOm dr ke®keji hrkt gj Cgu k/kc Bskd jGf skr ]ue kvqg k>yql ]uoht kvqg k>yql ]ue kvqg k>yql ]rxt kvqg k>yql ]ue kvqg k>yql 4,g hrkt >yql ak;yfsgi cl hdlm ],g krsy k>yql skd ue skt ,g kugd kjse 4way k>y ql skd ue lb k; aMkt suk>yql ak;yfsgi hd jH suket Te ]kd ue k; ,g kuL\di skd hysgi df g; go ]hF rwHjk/kv df skt ]hF dlfsc df skt ]skd rkc lb kxSkt ywH ]Rpf kdikv j,kv >skc kdikv ]u/ac kdikv 4kxSkt uc q;®1e hdikv ukK kdum j,kv skdikv sxXn ukK
iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 17 egaP

j,kv kxy suky¥pf sl jskt j,kv kOm jdkL\c? henkv go rkj stc jkp Bskd 4Cy [j ji jr¬cf suiv jdkOm k;L\fqx hdlm j,kv k;yf /akc Xe j,i suiv sulm ]jd ykduf kjkcçqx sl j,i sd henkv Sqg Sskl lm 4h>wl dkte skd henkv sjlwn lm udfsy nkc jsn hg hL\skF 4k;x skl j,kv Cy [j lki k;L\fqx j,kv k;yf /akc kjkcçqx Xe j,i ]Snf jkrm sL\id s u henkv lm ]Bx skg ;r rkc g; 4kusy ugi sL\id suiv j,kv awg u,kd Te df sxXy ukt ikv skr sxXOm ikv ct gcql ]sxaSkt skg „pf sdikv g; ]Xy [j ji jr¬cf suiv k;L\fqx g; j,kv Xy /akc Xe j,i suiv skdlb ],g kvqg kL\i kjkcçqx g; ]Xn jkrm sL\id ]Xjd kiÎ ikv ]kgd sl henkv syko s/akc hL\xi lb su henkv sjlwn j,kv sF Sx L\skN kx≈qG j,kv k;L\fqx dS hd suys[ ]spπc sdum ]sxXkg sjgO xsky skt sygi sd Xkukegse Xkuskn um Xe sjed lm ]kxaMki skl u hH Te skr Ski skl u ikv j,kv ,g kr¬kj hg dS cv 4,g uOfd rqgc go ]k;nf kOm kyle skt suikv j,kv ,g hjWt husy skr nCu ]Xjd ekd dS cr ]kgd su rDf;ø sjlwn go 4Cgd rqHnv hL\c rkc skr su henkv 4,g Cgu knk;† sl sL\id skr go ]Tg srukt cl eg skd hlm ],g skt jgkc 4krukt Cgu hH Bskd skr slm ,g u,kd jrhH ],g Cgu hjgx hd hldf ukpgi knk;† sl XkL\id 4Xkg krukpgi skd suiv sl thp hldf j,kv kokyv sd XkL\id skt ]k[sn Cgu klsS henkv dS dr tkv suTe ]kgd su henkv lm 4,g srukpgi sl XkL\id suiv skd suiv ikv k;D 4,g rkc hd Z;pækv ]kgd sulm ]kvqg ukj,g rqgc henkv go 4Tg sdldf sL\id s; j,kv awg u,kd Te df kxskg sl,d ;r g; skr kxawOm Xeub nkc sd nCu hd jH rkj j,kv Tg henkv skn akg; udfsy ]Tg sjse sL\id s; j,kv awg hgo Te df krkt >el Te skr krskg kysdv jxv 4awg u,kd Te df awg krukpgi Te skr hg <jkd sd XkL\id ]awg u,kd Te df kxawukpgi sl,d Te gcql skr ]Snf [j jd jkrm sL\id sjkl suiv uTe jxv df ,g g; BkuOfd ]kyskc rDf;ø go 4Tg BkuOfd k;D sl suskg sjse ]kgd su henkv lm 4skg hH eqr udfsy s ]krkt skl sl ekjkv ]krsn jd xyv hL\xi ]krsn jd xyv sL\id Te skr Xe sjed lb krskg kysdv Te jxv ]awg kgj ki jd Cgu xyv Te sl gto lm ]Tg BkuOfd hL\c dS udfsy ]awn jd xyv srwt ]awn jd xyv sL\id df awg krpskl hH Te ]kgd ulm j,kv k;x O,c jdOm henkv go 4Skt kv nCu n;k' skr Skt skg sl ekjkv sL\skF ]Xn jd xyv skd XkL\id ub sL\skF s ]aSkt skg yFf'f sL\skF 4,g k;skl Bskd hHd slsS ]Tg Sqg s/akc hL\xi ]Tg Xugi sL\id sjkl ]Tg Xugi srwt ikv df ,g hgj ki kv Cgu nCu Syfhlb skdikv awg krpskl Te skr ]Xuke u kjqc jxv 2_ef kgd sulm j,kv kL\skr pskdal Arrav ukegse sjlwn 4Bx skg uOfd slm hukv nCu j,kv kxy suync XIojd go ]kF k;x skl hg s/akc hL\xi henkv skt udfsy 4kgj iqp go ]kF u dhO kugd Nqd sl henkv rpfjfiv udfsy ]Bqg hH hukj,g slm ]kF kvqg kjgO akgo skt henkv kjlwn 4k;x Isy Sqg sugi sL\id cl go 4k;df xyv Iskd kuiv u ]hykduf hL\xi huiv u ]Xysk[ srwt sulm skr u ]k;x Isy ji jr¬cf suiv go ]kF k;kv ukegse k;u skt ]Sx Snf kjgO ukegse skn Xe sjed dS 4k;x skg htkj rDf;ø go 4sxskdl skl Xe sjed sdlm hg Fkl sdlm eqr k;D ]kxskg krxkt go ],g kjgO jdkv hHv7hHv ukegse dS Xelm ],g kjed dS 4g uOfd kuyef kjed kysdv udfsy ],g krdl skg skr kujgO ]kgd su dyfke sd ;kjl 4aMkt akgd j,kv awtsk[ akgd Te , cv Xe rkj hjs/av lb 4hg Sgfkp gxt Syf sd sudIf jH rkj s>qe ]skg hH Cgd ]skg hH Nqd ]kgd sulm j,kv kpaqgi akgo jdsy skd sL\sk? suiv ukegse go hHr ]kF krjd nac skd ;kjl hH dyfke kd ;kjl 4sF sdqp skl xsky j,kv sdqp skg nac ukde sjlwn sd oakx lm j,kv hF hdqp rhc rqgc rkj ]hF Bqg hjH ;kjl 4k;kv ukegse k;u dS ]Xe ;kjl dS ]rkj dS 4aWd Wq' Zkpp huiv hg sllm j,kv awgd hukgd hl hIskN dS 4awg go ]awg g; ]awg Te df ,g krxy Xeg slutf ]Tg Syf jd kn,i ykN Mkypekd Nqd sueg k;r;ükekl udfsy 4hg kxskg skr k/av kusy uke lm ],g k;D go df skg u hg kri Xeg kd thp ltf j,kv ,g k;D go df ,g Cgu kri hH Bskd Xeg kdlm ]Tg sO,c Sqg suke s eg skd Te ltf ]awg u,kd Te df ,g Cgu kri Xeg df kxSkt skg rkK hg sl rkc lb skr g; ],g h/av endS hjkeg rfÎho¬ g; 4,g k;yf jd jkdho¬ slb sueg ],g k;yf uke slb sueg ]k;df uk/alquv Bskd kdlb sueg u ]kpskl u ]ktsk[ slb sueg u `awg u,kd Te g; 4,g Cgu k; hH ,g g; `,g k;D Te g; df ]hd tsk[ hHd hdlb u ]kjkpof hHd ji lb u sueg j,kv awg Te df ,g k;yf jd jkdho¬ hg Fkl sd eüt sueg skr slb dfXk;D ]huky Xe yk;[ rkc g; hxskg uOfd ]kgd suTe

iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 27 egaP

dhO ikv k;x kL\c? kurb Te df kgd sulm cr j,kv Snf jd Gkl ykc sjkl sjkeg ]Bx hn kuc XNawe hjkeg ]Sx sykL IXk? jlf sjkeg jGf ]Sx Snf jd u≈u xsky jktg skn 4Sx Snf jd u≈u eg j,kv Sx Syf uhN sL\id sjkl sjkeg df k;x k;df g; ekd sygi slcl jdkt sy Xe yst skd Xkxsky sjkl eg 4sF j,kv hnwg; jktg skn Bskd Fkl sjse skr k;x k;kt sy kGn hygi Te ct df k;krc s>qe sulm 4k;x skg rîkel 0q; j,kv hF jwn hL\skF I¬yf hd suje sdlm j,kv k;x kL\di Xe Xkunf hj[fkv go dfXk;D ]k;x pc go df hF rkc hd xsk;al yqdycf g; 4kF k;x k;yf L\di hH go ]kF hnwg; hH go 4hgj kutsk; hd sujd k;®g ref;uf tskj hnwg; ,kl paki ]Xjke hnwg; [ky lhc Bskd su jyIgf sysdv 4sgj srkt sjke tskj hnwg; ,kl paki ]su jyIgf hd k;®g hd Xk;nfwg; ]kgj nac Xe suk[yst dS sd huZet go ]Xe suket sd jyIgf Bkuql kuI? dS huiv sulm 4,g jwn rqgc rkc hd ke®kv ]kdl Om Cgu Cgu jiM sd XkL\id hHv henkv df kF kgj gd g; Te sl lm 4kF kgj gd g; Te sllm ] Cgd rkc dS sl>qe ]k;kv ji k_k; hd rjkH sl huZet skt su _ef hnwg; dS 4Tg rukpgi sl XkL\id hg suiv skd suiv hH nq[ eg ]skg dhO skr g; skg srukpgi sjlwn ],g krkt kukpgi henkv sl XkL\id s 4sF Ski nac jk} udfsy ]kF k;kv hH sygi skr Te dfXk;D 4awg akgd Te ],g Skv akg; hg; ],g g; skr pl 4Tg Sky s>qe hg; ]sd susy jd utskH sygi ,g jkndg sL\id g; 4hxskg krI‘'fv hL\c skr aMkt ywH Xgüm jxv ]Tg sysk[ jk} <jkd sd XkL\id utf cv 4hdl yef u gxt ji jk} udfsy ]kF k;kv hH sygi skr Te ]kgd su ofd lm 4ikv Tg sgj jd k;D g; ]Cgu h[sn hHd Te Xrnkv hlsS 4hd sujd Wq' utskH ]hdikv g Xrnkv chtv hL\c 2okHqukge ]kgd su ktkj 4k;kxy utskH skd srwt suiv ]Xy jd utskH wr ]kgd j,kv k;kxy , utskH skd hL\xi huiv ]Xy jd utskH sygi wr Iskd sjse ]kyskc sl Iskd suiv j,kv k;kOm utskH ]aWd Wq' ]kgd su ofd lm 4Xjd kiÎ utskH Xjd Wq' ]kgd su ktkj lm ]sO,c suekl7suekv ktkj go ]ofdkge go ]Skv utskH ;¥weqgc rqgc ]Xe Xk;yfkF hd Z<o¬ rqgc ]k;kOcf ji utskH slm 4k;x jrhH go jdykL Fkg Xe Fkg sdlm ]k;kv susy skd ofdkge ji jk} nq[ ktkj ]Bx hn jc[ skd ktkj ]Skv Sqg sxkH hjral 4k;x paqgi ji jk} hlm lifko nkc jsn hL\skF go jdugi sL\id sNπv j,kv sl Xk_ef sxake sL\id jk/m sulm ]Bx kv rkc Xe 0fqc hd ofd lm 4,g Nqd cl sL\id ]Tg srkt ukpgi sL\id ]Tg srL\i Bk[nf sL\id `,g k;D henkv df ,g skdldf kri kd henkv j,kv Cgu krL\i Bk[nf skr henkv Tg s rL\i Bk[nf sL\id dfXk;D 4krskg rxko¬ kdlm skr krkt paqgi jdugi sL\id sNπv hH henkv Zknqe dS jxv ]Sx paqgi s akgo jdugi sL\id –jfn hg ZF;ø eqr 4Tg srkt sukpgi sL\id ji jk} jg ]srkt sukpgi Cgu henkv ji jk} hldf df ,g g; skr Bkpπl 4Tg srkt sukpgi sL\id Cgu henkv ji jk} sd XkIkzel 4skg yxki eqr ]kgd su sk_ef ]kgd skd Xk_ef suiv sulm ]k;kv I,ky lifko go 4kF krL\i ewyke kxae[Hf Bskd go hF pl rkc ]hrskg ewyke Cgu rjwl hjkgéqr ;≈sk; uyef sl XkIkzel 4skvkt xkH ]kgd j,kv k;nf kI,ky lifko slm su Xkykijk} sL\[ ji jk} udfsy ]k;x paqgi jdugi skd s XkL\id sukjqi7sIG suiv go 4kF –jfn ofd go skr 4k;df r_faekv ji utskH j? suiv skd ofdkge dS su Ikzel dS 4Tg srukpgi sl Xkr¬kj sl u,kd ]Tg srukpgi sl,d skd Te suiv eg 4,g Cgu kukdOf Bskd kdltf ],g Cgu eku Bskd kdltf ],g Cgu u'huxdjf Bskd hdltf ],g Cgu ukpgi Bskd hdltf ]9hLŒkcsku8 Nqd u ]sxaSkt skg sL\[ hH ikv ]kxSkt sk[ hH o®rDf;ø kdikv ]hxSkt sk[ hH hIIfXLbkv hdikv ]sxaSkt gj k;D ikv skr ]aSkt k;yf uhN eku kdikv ]aSkt hy uhN ak;ofni hdikv ]aSkt Syf uhN sL\id sdikv ,g Cgu kri n;k' hH skdikv udfsy ],g hrL\i ewyke hOwuv hL\c hukgd g; ]k;x sk[ o®rDf;ø kjse ]k;x sk[ eku kjse 4Bx sk[ hIIfXLbkv ]hxSkt skg BkuOfd hL\c Xe hxntV lb cv j,kv huukpgi Bx skg ydæfqe hL\c g; `awg u,kd Te cv `cv awg u,kd Te udfsy ]skg uhYQlu ky¥qe eqr df k;x skg ;r sllb ]Bqg h[j lki sjkgéqr k;L\fqx go 4,g kvqg k/ac Xe j,i sjkgéqr go ],g akgd kjkcçqx go ]sky /akc kjkcçqx Xe j,i df kF kgd sueqr 4awg uhYQlu ky¥qe Te df kF krukt Te ]kF Sqg sugi sL\id Te ct ]kF ],g uhYQlu ky¥qe eku kjse 4Bx skg hL\[ BkuOfd ]Bx skg ,g krskg ewyke L\cL\x go ]kF kgd skt suTe 2_ef sjse df kgd j,kv k;kOm jdkygf sulm skd henkv sjlwn

iEsd jqi;nm

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4,g krskg ewyke ikral dS ]krpV dS ],g jvGf dS ],g ;H dS Xe sukt jrhH Syflb ]awg Te skr hgo ],g krkjc? ]g krjL hH Bskd Xe suL\k[m skdlm ]Tg srdl jd 'sozi jrhH eg skr hHr hxsL\i husn L\k[m go ,g h[j jd Ioktl , skt sueg lki7lkv sd Te suiv ]Tg s[j ugi sueg _¬o surtf g; 4,g krdl kt jrhH Bskd skr hHr ]hxskg hujd xyv jd ykduf7ykduf hL\ep hd nq[ ]kxSkt kv Idal ji Xk<kzi sL\c Xe sukt jrhH dfXk;D srgkp Cgu kukt jrhH hHd udfsy ]Tg srsy uql ]skvkt jrhH ]skg kukt skd suiv df Tg sruql hurb Xrkc eg 4krgkp kukt Cgu jrhH Bskd skr Syfhlb 4awg u,kd Te df ,g kgj yp Cgu kri Bskd kd Te hldf akgo ];üw' k;x gj jrhH df sxaSki ikv sjh/7sjh/ j,kv Xjd Wq' suykduf sL\id sdlm ]Xjd Wq' kuyhN kL\skF skdlm ]ikv Tg k;D ],g k;D df kryp Cgu kri Nqd jrhH 4Nqdku g krgj pc jrhH ]aSkt syp srykduf ]aSkt syp sryduf ,g _¬o hg _¬o Xelb ],g Te g; hg kjkeg hg klsS 4Tg Cgu , hH Nqd jrhH sdlm ]Xe tk;î ,g _¬o hg _¬o 4,g Cgu hH Nqd jrhH j,kv ]Tg srkt yduf j,kv Tg srkt yduf sdyNf lc 4,g krgj pc k;D Xe j[fkv ]aSkt syp srykduf ]aSkt syp srykduf sdyNf sd tk;î eg ],g rfakH hd tk;î eg ],g Cgu kRl Bskd hdlb ],g k;ƒef ra;®v okH kd suskg sjse g; ]Te g; 4,g hjWt kusn L\skN slb j,kv ,g Te kOw> kL\c g; skr ,g ;pjfi sl hlb jxv ],g ;pjfi sl hlb k; ,g ;pjfi kjgx j,kv Bskd 4,g hH j,kv Nqd k; Te kjkeg ,g hgo ],g k;yf [hl ;uHfv j,kv dIku skt sueg ]Tg s[j ugi sI,k[qe skt sueg ]Tg s[j P\skv ckdu skt sueg ]Tg s[j ugi _¬o skt sueg 4Tg s[j ugi sueg skt kd Xk_¬o um yosd k; ],g yk;[ g; kdlm ],g k;D eg df ,g kri Xeg g; k;D ]awg Nqd Te df ,g yk;[ skt g; hH skd Xkxsky sjkl eg 4,g Nqdku g; cv ]Bx uNf ñlqd hdlb ]Sx uNf sL\id sdlb ]Sx uNf _¬o sdlb ]sl lki sdlb k;x uhN k;D 4k;x skg sl,d Nqdku tkv]kF Nqd cl dr yd u;yfskisu g; ]k;x Ig u;yfskisu go 4skn sukt Ig s>qe ]hLŒkcsku ]Nqdku ]Cgu hH Nqd skr Te ],g Nqd hH jGf hyko lk? dS ]awg k;D Te tkv ]tkv udfsy ]srskg Sx Ig L\kgi skr ]skvkt Ig sl sr¬kj ]krskg kgd sl XkL\kgi suTe j,kv dr yd kF u;yfskisu Te 4awg Cgu hH Nqd skr Te ],g Nqd go ]skn sukt yduf skd hyko lk? ]kgd sulm j,kv k;x skg kL\[ kr¬kj jdL\skN u;yfskisu j,kv Cgu knk;† sl hn,d dS ]awg u,kd Te cv ],g akgd u;yfskisu cv ]Sgfkp kusn L\skN Xeg kr¬kj ]skg srjd ywH eqr _ef sjse ]kgd su u;yfskisu udfsy 4,g kgj kv ji sr¬kj u,kd Cgu hr[sn Xn L\skN kr¬kj ]ujk;lf? ]kgd jdky¥pf su _ef jIDkL sd u;yfskisu ]hF hrkv Sqg Syf ji jlf kØx kd lk? ]rj,kv hyko susy lk? dS sl Gjr lm 4hLaLxi hF hjdal ]hF hIskN 4kF Fkl sdlm jIDkL kdlm ]_ef kdlm ]ji hLaLxi hl hIskN dS ]kyduf suew? go jdOm gcql unf hg sygi 4k;x k;nf jd nac Xe kusy,g j,kv k;x jkg rDo hj[fkv 4kF dS Xe Xkxsky sl sL\skF um 4kL\i kukt Ief skd Xke,kd skr ]skvkt Ief ]kgd sl Xke,kd suXkgütf 4kL\i kukt Ig skd XkL\kgi skr ]skvkt Ig ]kgd sl XkL\kgi suXkgütf 4k;nf kygf skd uhet hjkl suXkgütf ]kF sl Xe Xkxsky sl sL\skF um u;yfskisu cv 4kF k;nf jd nac skdlm Xe kusy,g IXl ihn sl sIskN dS j,kv Xe 0q; kF kdqp jkg u;yfskisu rDo srje 4,g krkt skg <h{ ],g krkt skg kIskN Te kjse skr skg u ],g krkt skg rwcte Te kjse skr ]skg kO‘rfzi ]skg honi ]skg '; ]skg ni ]skg u/ 4Te ]o®r¬fv kjse ]kuskg kjse ]Tg sr>el eg skd XkL\id Cgüb j,kv Tg sØdb jiM sjkeg sL\id sd gjr7gjr rqgc 4kxsjd Cgu ∂Gf Bskd ]Cgu kxsNwi Bskd jGf slm 4kxSkt skg Nqdku go ]sxaSkt uhN sL\id dlm ]sl ñlqd hdlm sky jkrm sphu skd rfi≠I‘kj sdlm j,kv Tg srkt Syf P\skv snkcy sjgx hL\c ji ke®kv hdlm skr s ]Skt skg rfi≠I‘kj henkv dS 4Tg srkt Syf P\skv sdlm ji ue j,kv Tg sL\id spaM sL\c skr ]Skt skg jI¬ufef henkv dS 4Tg s [j P\skv sueg hH so ]Tg sL\id sjkeg hH so ]sd Xkjkojfi ]sd Xkeku ]sd Xk'ao ]sd Xk;ofni ]sd ni ]Tg s[j ugi hH sL\id sd gjr j,kv sueg ]hg Tg sL\id skr so ]Tg Sqg sugi eg sL\id skt 4tg sl Xkrkc hl rqgc cyre kjse sl XkL\id j,kv su XkL\id 4awg hg Te ]Te g; df kxy suskg d' jd[sn Xe suBkv skd nq[ ],g u,kd g; df sxy sukv Cgu Xe >el hH so sF _ef suiv skt 4,g u,kd u,kd df k;x skg ydæfqe kuukpgi Xe Xkxky sIq? jlf j,kv sxau jktg skn ]Tg srgd

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udfsy ]Tg sgj srkjqd¬qe ji Xkvktkj k'seg q{Hf ],g kvqg klsS knl ]kgj krkjqd¬e kL\[ udfsy q{Hf 4kF kukv sy kL\c Bskd skr kF kuky hg _ki j,kv skn jH kjwi skd _ki df ,g xake hjsr hl hIskN k;D j,kv hryef Cgu Xe ukn hÈef ji jk} sd Xkvktkj df X[j nk; hH g; 4skn jH skd _ki sdlb sl Xkrkjgkot7sjhg ]skvkt ]kgd skd Xk;_fae suiv sulm ]kF kdqp rht uhet hjkl ]hed hF k;D lki sd ktkj j,kv kF _ki kl kIskN ]kxy sulag ktkj 4kxsL\i sujH kjwi _ki ]kxaMkt u liko jdsy _ki kjw/v udfsy ]awg htkj skr ]kusn ykL hÈef sgkp 4ku[j re hyk[ ]ku[j re kjw/v ]kusn jH _ki kjwi kjsr ]awg krjd jkdho¬ ji Zr' dS udfsy ]hgl hÈef ]skg husn hÈef ]skg kusn Xgéqr skt ]lki sjse ,g _ki7k{Hf skt g; 4kusy pskl rqgc sygi sd kusn upo kd sujd kjwi udfsy ]Zr' hjse ,g hIskN hL\c ]kgd su hjk[Hf lm 4sxXn jd kjwi eg ]skyskc ,g Zr' hjkgéqr k;D ]skg yxki eqr ]kgd su ktkj 4,g dofkHko¬ hukt xy Iskp skd jkdagv sd ktkj skr ]sgd klsS sl ktkj hjk[Hf dS 4k;ki jd Cgu hjwi Bskd Zr' hjse dr tkv j,kv ,g hjlwn Zr' hjse ]awgkp Te k;D df ,g Cgu g; ykol ]kgd su q{Hf lm udfsy ]kxsdl yef sxskgkp skt ]skg srgkp k;D 4krI,ky Cgu lifko Fkg hyk[ Bskd hHd sl akgo ]skg sL\[ eqr ji jk} ltf ]kgd su ktkj lm 4hxsdl yef k{Hf s>qe ]kgd sulm sl ktkj j,kv k;ky,G suekl sd jk} sd yge d ktkj _kik{Hf kuiv sulm j,kv kF k;kv hjk[Hf dS 4hF Bx xy L\hH rqgc gcql dS ji jk} sd ygetkj dS s 4hrdl skg Cgu rîf1r Bskd hHd hd k;kN 4,g k;kN yqdycf go ]hF hrdl skg hH rîf1r hdlm skr ]hrskg thp dofr¬ko Bskd jkdagv jxv df ,g Cgu Syflb rîf1r ],g Cgu rîf1r Bskd hdlm 4Sgfkp sxkv j,kv ,g hrkt skg hL\[ [wH hdlm j,kv ,g krsy jd rkle®kv slm jkdagv skr go ],g krkt yef kurtf dfXk;D ]sxkv j,kv ]sxkv j,kv ,g hrskg g; xake rrl hd jkdagv dfXk;D ]kxsn suskg Cgu h[ql skd hldf jkdagv ]krdl skg Cgu h[ql henkv Bskd Xe k;ufqn ]kje h[Aqn hxsujkd 4Tg s;iQ cjv jp yosd lki sdlm ],g hIskN hL\skF hd sjkpsc sd hxsujkd 4Tg rwcte j,kv skxB hdum ]kre¬fv hdum 4Tg sL\c so ],g kIskN suekl sdum hxsujkd ∑≠LaS 4,g rwcte j,kv P\kxzi hH j,kv jkdagv kdum ,g cjv ln ]lki sdutf ]<jkd kd [qn g; ,g Xk;D 4,g jWt <jkd kd [qn g; ]Tg k;iQ cjv ln lki sdutf ]Tg xsky slsS Xe kdhjev udfsy 4,g Cgu <jkd kd [ql Bskd kuskg kd s;iQ cjv jkp lki sd hxsujkd wLaS 4,g hH k;iQ cjv ln lki sdutf ]Tg hH xsky slsS Xe kdhjev 4k;ki ked Cgu kurm Te ]kF kgkp kurtf suTe ]awg h[qn Te 4k;ki ked cjv jkp yosd ]awg henkv yGlv dS Te ]hF kutsk; hjse hd cjv ln 4Xkg srgd k;D ]kgd su hxsujkd wLaS 4,g Rfial jkiv j,kv IwIv skr lki sjkgéqr 4sxskvskg Sx skg rî1r eqr _ef df kNwi sygi unf skn sd suje sllm su d[sy dS syko su[yf kFd uoht hdlm ]sF s;iQ cjv jkp lki sdlm kje wLaS 4Tg skr hg cjv jkp yosd ],g k;D ]kxsxy skdikv skr Xkg lki sdikv jxv udfsy ]Tg rqgc kxsxy skdikv skr ]Tg s;iQ cjv jkp lki sd hlskL\i sdikv jxv 4,g ed rqgc skr skg lki sd nq[ jxv ]skr skg lki sd sjlwn udfsy ]Tg s;iQ rqgc s;iQ cjv jkp 4sF s;iQ cjv jkp Bskd lki sdlm rDo srje ]rficjv dS kd kdhjev ]kje hg du√kdwLaS 4,g hryp L\,kn Gjr hd Xk;iQ rqgc sl Xk;iQ sL\skF Syflb 4Tg srsn hrwcte skd Te s;iQ rqgc ]srsn Cgu hrwcte skd Te s;iQ sL\skF ],g hryp L\,kn hd ukde sL\c sl ukde sIskN Syflb 4,g krsn Zri rwcte j,kv ukde kL\c ]krsn Cgu Zri rwcte hurm skd Te ukde kIskN 4Tg srgj sxy Xe sujd rwcte skd ˜kri hd Te xsky sjkl eg 4,g krkt skg jwn sl ke®kv Syf sd knl go ],g krkt Sdf rwcte skd ˜kri hd Te skt j,kv ,g krki skg ZFel Xe suukt skd Te spπl hgo ],g krskg ZFel Xe suL\k[m skt skd ˜kri hOw> hd Te ]awg Te hgo ],g ke®kv hgo ],g krkt gj "s' skt cr ],g hrkt L\[m ˜ri hd Te hjkl ct j,kv 4,g krL\i kuykduf j,kv ,g krL\i kuL\skr Xgüm ]Tg Sqg sjs? skd yt sd ke®kv ]rfakH hd uhet df skt ˜ri hl rqgc hd Te j,kv ,g hrskg hujd Bknq[ hH Xe tsk[ hd ke®kv hd ;‘que hg slsS ]Xdl skg /çyim rskÛ d yt siNf jrhH dfkr ,g krjd xyv skd uhet Zri7Zri ]skd uhet ,g krnsk[ ],g krykduf jF®i ],g krykduf hÈef s ],g krnsk[ akvqd Bskd sl,t 4,g hjWt kusy L\k[m skd ˜kri hd Te sygi sd suukt skd ke®kv 4,g hrjd lkouf akgo ke®kv hl u,kd ]kRl hl u,kd ],g kiNf u,kd akgo ],g k;D akgo df sdl kt kukt j,kv sdl kt k;kt jrhH dfkr ]sxXjd ''fskd hd sujd xyv skd XkdyNf sd tk;î ]hd Te lb ]sxXjd ekd eg hg kd suL\k[m skd ˜kri hd Te lb gcql hd tkv

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jkd/av sl,t ]jkdagv ,g lXlcS hd ke®kv ]jkdagv ],g rfF¬fiquv hd ke®kv 4,g krL\i kujd Nqd Fkl sd ke®kv ]skr skg kujd hH Nqd Fkl sdlm jxv ],g Cgu kuskg Bskd kuiv kdlm ]krdl ykduf Bskd u j,kv krdl jH Bskd skr u skd jkdagv Syflb 4,g Cgu kRl Bskd huiv hdlm ]jkdagv kjkeg ,g gjr hg hd jkd/av 4,g krL\i kukt IDsj;kLub ]l sr¬kj sIym 4,g krL\i kujd Nqd Fkl sd 'kdzi skr skg kujd Nqd Fkl sd jkd/av ]krdl skg Cgu ;®Î k/hl s Bskd 4krdl skg Cgu u'DS IDsjbkL Fkl sd jkd/av ]Tg srdl ykduf slm u ]srdl ky slm eg u 4srdl jd Cgu hH Nqd eg Fkl sd jkd/av Syflb ],g Cgu kuskg Bskd kdlm kd nq[ 4,g rfF¬fiquv hd hldf go ],g lXlcS hd hldf go ],g hxnwt,kej,x hd hldf go ],g kuskg u kd hldf go 4,g Cgu nq[ go ]hd jkd/av ],g Cgu rfF¬fim Bskd huiv ]lXtszi skd huiv hd jkd/av 4lXlcS ],g okHv kd 'kdzi yosd jkd/av ],g k;D jGf jkd/av 4,g jkd/av ],g krkt k;ki hg sr>qc 'kdzi j,kv ,g Cgu jkd/av df ,g krkt k;ki hg srskg 'kdzi df kugd hg; kxskg rpfm ]kxskg sl,d uhyof go ]Cgu hg kF skt dfXk;D 4,g ryx hH kugd g; ,g krkt skg uhyof ],g krkt skg uhyof jkd/av skr ]Skt kv 'kdzi j,kv ,g krdl kt k;ky 'kdzi akg 4Cgu ,g ],g krL\i Bk[nf yosd go ],g Cgu kRl Bskd hdlm ],g Cgu lXIl¬≈fS Bskd kdlm ]Cgu hg ,g jkd/av Arqr¬o dfXk;D `Xk;D ],g krdl kt kykduf u ],g krdl kt k;ky jkd/av u 4kxsdl Cgu ky hH Bskd jkd/av ]sxaSkv I,ky lifko Fkg hyk[ eg skd >akl ]skd sujH Xe sjed lb aSkv sy jkd/av kL\skF7kL\skF tkv skyp df sL\i yduf xsky sjkl eg jxv ],g krdl kt k;ky u ],g krdl kt kykduf u ],g krdl kt k;ky skd jkd/av ]krdl kt Cgu kykduf skd jkd/av 4kxsgj hg; jkd/av j,kv sxaSkt dF ukoygi ]Sky koyf skd Xkukoygi j,kv Xn sdD/ hg surdf eg ]kxSkt gj hg; jkd/av ]hxaSkt hyp jgkc k;jfOx ]s/akc ak;jfOx hg hurdf eg 4sxaSki ykduf kd jkd/av eg k;D skr ]sjd ''fskd hd suykduf skd jkd/av xsky sjkl eg j,kv skg kjH jkd/av Xe sjed lb sl,t 4krdl kt k;df Cgu hH Nqd Fkl sdlm ]skg kui¥d yosd kuskg kdltf ]skg u o®r¬fv Bskd kdltf udfsy ],g krdl kt k;df hyk[ ],g krdl kt kjH slm ],g krdl kt k;df Nqd Fkl sdlm ]skg o®r¬fv kdltf 4,g krdl kt kjH sl,d slm skg u hg skg skt udfsy ],g krdl kt kjH slm ]skg thp skt 4,g krdl kt kjH s l,d slm ]skg u hg skg skt udfsy ],g hrdl kt hH hjH go ]skg thp skt df ,g g; <jkd go j,kv ,g <jkd Nqd ]kd sujH u Nqd ,g <jkd ],g Cgu ;kim Bskd kd sujH ]krdl Cgu jH ]Cgu krjH hHd ]Tg sxy Xe sujH Xe _kik{Hf sd hL\isk[ huiv7huiv eg 4,g hgj I? tskj ji jk} sd henkv jg g; 4,g Bx skg rîkel jd I? ji jk} sd yge dS hldf df ,g Cgu hlsS Nqd hukgd g; j,kv ,g kjH Cgu hHd g; ]Tg sdqp jkg suekl sd _kik{Hf lb ktkj rqgc 4krjH Cgu hHd hH _kik{Hf Syflb hrjH Cgu hHd hL\isk[ hd henkv ]Tg srukt ikv skr g; j,kv k;yf kuc _kik{Hf g; suTe l hlm ]Bx yef hL\isk[ hd henkv dS ]kF kryduf sl I?je dS ]Cgu wnkt Bskd ],g Cgu ;¬gj Bskd ]kyskc q{Hf go s 4hjI¬ef ,g k;D ];¬gj kdlb ,g k;D ]k;x kykL Xelb skt cl k;x akgd ],g hyk[ kd hyk[ _ki kjkgéqr j,kv Sx skg hyk[ sjse sukt[ ]jwi‘qn kurb ]jwiv kurb Xe sujH j,kv kIskN kurb Xe su[sn ]Xelb wnkt ,g k;D ]kjkgéqr _kik{Hf ,g kl,d ]sleg Bx skg ywH 2skn jd ke{ kgd j,kv sd hjk[Hf lm kL\i jxf ji Xkj,i j,kv k;x jkg ktkj ]Bx skg >akl ]Tg srkt jkg hHl 4krkt Cgu jkg ktkj u,kd srskg7srskg >akl Xe ylv ]k;x jkg ktkj j,kv Bx skg >akl 4Xelm kF krkt sk[ ]kF krkt kykL hH skt 4kF Cgu krjH ]chtv kF _ki udfsy ]kxy sukt kykL hnakp7kuskl 4sF Sx Hqp rkjgkot sjhg ]sxy suky skd hnakp7suskl sl Xk;jfsktrf Sqg sxkH jhto j,kv hF Bx skg rîkel hlag hd ktkj j,kv kF kgj lag j,kv kF kL\[ q{Hf ]hxy suskg hØdb huk/tkj {el sd jk} 4hxy suP\c L\hH ]Bx paqgi jc[ Xe jH jxu 4hxy sukv jgiskn ]Bx rhc gcql ]sxy suskg hyk[ sukt[ 4k;x skg uOfd kujH slm ]k;x sk[ k;x kykL Xelm hH kurtf ]kF chtv Nqd _ki kd q{Hf 4hxy sukt hu'skj hd Xk[akv ]Bx sk[ Igkjqd¬qe hd ktkj Xe jsn hL\skF j,kv jd[sn skd dep lm ]kvqg u nzirg go 4kgj krlag q{Hf udfsy ]Sx sykL Xe _ki lm rkjgkot7sjhg go j,kv ,g k;x kv go ji jk} sdldf df Xy >el X[akv hdlm j,kv sy [sn q{Hf dfkr kF kIskN rqgc _ki ]sF Skv sy knk;† rqgc ]rkjgkot7sjhg Skv sy jdjH jhto ]kgj krkjqd¬qe q{Hf go 4Tg srkjqd¬qe Xk;D q{Hf df Tg Ski >el ktkj ed rqgc

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g; hd k;ufqn skr krskg krdl kt kL\skN jxv 4krdl kt kL\skN Cgu hH jkdagv hg sl,o ]krdl kt kL\skN Cgu jkd/av l,t 4kF k;D ykol kd suL\skN ]srsy hg jH slm eg skr cr krskg jxv ]Cgu hg ,g jkdagv dfXk;D ]krdl kt Cgu kL\skN s jkdagv 4hrdl skg Cgu rkc Bskd j,kv Z<wikrZ[we knk;† sllb udfsy 4kL\skN jkdagv Tg sgj k>el hlk;üal ]q/kl ]Qqx ]k{'f ]Tg srk>el Xe tkel ]Tg srk>el Xe ywd¬ ]skL\skN jkdagv Tg srk>el eg skd Xkpπc sIskN7sIskN 4skL\skN jkdagv g hgj kt hgd sl ykl Xkjktg ],g hrL\i ewyke rDq;Zdr hL\c ]ydtfky hL\c skr rkc g; ],g krdl kt kL\skN slm ]Cgu , hg ,g skt 4,g krdl kt kL\skN k;D slm Cgu hg ,g skt udfsy 4skd jkdagv skn L\skN ],g hrL\i ewyke rDq;Zdr ]hrL\i ewyke rkc dhO hL\c 4skvkt skg hjkdagjuf ]skvkt skg zeuof skr ,g [qn jkdagv 4skn jd <Ziel ]skn ykL Xe Xk<jp sd ukoxH skr g [qn jkdagv skn kIg skr ,g [qn jkdagv ]skn L\skN skr ,g [qn jkdagv g; 4skd jkdagv lb skn L\skN Tg srgd skt Tg srkt , yef d'snim j,kv d{'f skr 4sjd k;D jGf ],g kL\hi j,kv [qn jkdagv 4krsn Cgu sujH Cgu skt ],g jkdagv kjkeg g; 4,g krjH Cgu hHd _kik{Hf kd hL\isk[ hd ;‘que Syflb krync Cgu Cgd ue g; j,kv kxSkt skg dhO cl skr aMkt paqgi akgo ]kxsxy supskl kd sxkv j,kv go ]kxsgj hg; skr xkenf ]kxsgj hg; skr ynf ]hxsgj hg; skr k"kH ji supaqgi akgo ]kxSkt skg dhO cl skr aMkt paqgi akgo df ,g krpskl Xe k"kH lb henkv skt udfsy 4hxSkt skg ñrwi skr ]aMkt paqgi akgo df ,g yk;[ Xe L\,kn hd jkdagv go ],g kgj [sn skt Gjr hd sxkv 4krL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd sllb ]skg kgj [sn Gjr hd {ske sl jqi;nm ,g krdl skg hH g; k; skg kgj [sn Gjr hd Zxo¬ sl jqi;nm ,g krdl skg hH g; k; skg kgj [sn Gjr hd hy¥nf sl jqi;nm sxkv go df ,g krdl skg jGf 4Tg Xe L\,kn hd jkdagv go ,g kgj [sn Gjr hd sxkv skt dfXk;D hxskg hukt thp Bskd hl,t ke®kv su henkv lm df kusy ukt j,kv skg kgj [sn u sxkv skt ],g henkv kd ke®keji henkv go df kusy >el skr Skt yef henkv klsS Bskd Cgd jxv 4skg kgj [sn u sxkv skt ,g klsS henkv /kdS Bskd Cgd ji uhet 4,g kgj [sn skd ñlqd hL\c hd sxkv j,kv ,g h[qn hg kurm hH go kO,c skt skd ñlqd hL\c j,kv hL\c lm 4,g kgj [sn skd ñlqd hL\c hd sxkv j,kv ,g h[qn hg kurm hH go ],g kO,c skt ji ñlqd hL\c lm df Cgu sr[sn eg ],g h/av X[akv hjkeg udfsy 4kxSkt jH skr aMkt paqgi ji ñlqd hL\c ]awg kO,c Te ji ñlqd hIskN ltf skr ]kxSkt jH go sl supaqgi gxt sxkv n;k' df Tg srpskl skr ],g hyk[ gxt go 4,g kgj dl kt kjH Cgu skt jkdagv go ],g k;D Xe kL\hi j,kv [qn lm ],g rL\fhi j,kv h[qn skt xsky sjkl eg 4,g krskg ue kd sujH slm ,g hrskg krpV sl sukt gj hyk[ 4,g hrskg kL\hi ],g krskg [qn sl sukt gj hyk[ j,kv ,g krkt gj hyk[ go sjH hg kurdf 4,g Cgu kr¬kj Bskd kd sujH slm g jwi‘qn ],g jwiv jkdagv j,kv ,g hL\c rqgc k;ufqn dfXk;D ,g Cgu skd suskg yg sl nakp Bskd udfsy 4hH sd nakp d¥fc , sF srdl skg dyfke sd uhet yosd u kF kuskg kn,i tkv ]Sqg kn,i sygi ykl jktg skn skt hd hryx hL\c ]k;x k;yf tsk[ nakp df slm hxskg hu,psc hL\c skr ]Skt yp kri Xe zcd hdlm skd jnadlf jxv ],g Bx skg tsk[ hd k;ufqn hjlwn ]Tg sgj L\y Xe 'kdkv jkdagv cv 4kdlm Skt skg dyfke u,kd ]kdhjev df ji nakp sn L\kx kLa> sygi lW Cgu kri ],g L\,kn hd jskt hL\c Syflb j,kv sxXkg sukL\x sLa> akgo ]kxskg kujd e;kd ;†kj ji Xkjkrlf sd jwn 4sxXkg surht Xjkr7nakp ],g Cgu hGkd uhet ]jkdagv kd ;‘que Xe sjgx rqgc sNhi sdlb ],g hgj yp ''fskd hurb hd sukt ji Xkjkr7nakp skt g; 4,g akgd k;ufqn hjlwn df kxspskl uj,kG skr ]Xy rht k;ufqn hjwi jxv jkdagv 4yosd ,g k;ufqn hg dS ]hrskg skr k/ofql Nqd skd syko surht ]hF hukuc skr skn ed sl ed 4Sgfkp huskg k;ufqn skn ed sl ed df kF [qn skd jnadlf 4skd surht ,g k;ufqn dS yosd k;ufqn hg dS ]sdl rht k;ufqn skn skr sgkp kurht henkv Bskd dfkr hF hukuc skr skn ed sl ed ]Bkuc k;ufqn hg dS yosd Xelb ,g chtv rqgc ukoxH ]awg h[qn rqgc Te df kF kgd sulm 4kF k;df jgfkt [qn sygi sd suje su jnadlf 4Cgu ]Tg srkt jH jkdagv sd XkjyIgf ]Xku;yfskisu ]Xkjnadlf ]Tg srpskl ikv k;D 4,g hyk[ kl,o kd kl,o ]kurm kd kurm ],g Cgo sd Cgo go ],g kjH Cgu jkdagv Tg srki j,kv Tg srkt Ief nq[ srjH7srjH ]Tg srjH ]Tg srjH ]Tg srjH 4hd _ki sdlm j,kv ,g kFd hd q{Hf lm skt ,g hgo kFd hdlm ]kd sujH skd jkdagv 6,g skr ekd dS 4Tg sgj srjd sl Z"o Xkjktg ]Tg srjd ekd skn eg Fkl sd jkdagv udfsy ],g krdl kt k;df Cgu hH Nqd k/hl Fkl sd jkdagv 4,g rfF¬fiquv hd ke®kv jkdagv sl,o ],g rfF¬fiquv hd 'kdzi

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Xk;iQ Xk[ky udfsy ]kF krdl Ief awg Nqd Te go j,kv sF srdl uNf s;iQ Xk[ky ]kF krdl skg k;D7k;D ewyke u ]hF hrdl ync rewdqg ]kF krdl skg ukldqu ]kF krdl yduf kykohn 4sF srdl hH uNf s;iQ Xk[ky ],g s;iQ Xk[ky df kF kvqg kL\[ ji ykohn hpπd rqgc kuskg kygi 4,g rwcte knk;† suskg kjlwn sl suskg sygi ]awg krjd unsouf slikv Te j,kv ,g go skr Snf L\skN s;iQ Xk[ky ]kF go skr sF s;iQ Xk[ky ],g kL\[ Cgo kd Cgo go ]kL\i Cgu ZdG Bskd Xe ag Nqd Te lm 4awg Nqd Te ]hn jke rky ji Xk;iQ Xk[ky suTe df kxy sukv lj kjlwn skr ]k;nf L\skN skd Xk;iQ Xk[ky um w uikv ct jGf j,kv awg Nqd Te 4,g lki sjse s;iQ Xk[ky df kxskg kgj krkv lj kdlb skdikv jWt df kgd slum suTe s skr ]sxXkg sgj lki sdum s;iQ Xk[ky ct j,kv Bki xy Cgu rky udfsy ]Sx sk[ s;iQ if|; 4Bki Cgu xy rky udfsy 4skr hrskg Bx xy jxv rky ]kF Cgu <jkd Bskd hH kd sukrc j,kv sugd slm 4hF Cgu rjWt hH Bskd hd su[j <je¬ s dlm dr Z"o lhr skr Cgu ]Bki Cgu xy sl dhO rky df k;df unsouf slum suTe 4sxXkg Sx skg ljc lhpπi7lhc Bskd ]kgd suXkgüm ]hjke cd rky g; kNwi suTe 4hn jke rky ji Xk;iQ Xk[ky suTe df kgd sl>qe su q/kl dS 4,g kgj L\skN hH hxk;® dfXk;D ]hH kxskg ],g jkdagv kuiv kd hxskH ],g jkdagv kuiv kd hxk;® 4,g k;D j,kv skr Cgu jkdagv g; ],g k;D g; 4Xe Zxo¬ kxskg k;D kync kdlm ]kF k;df xk;® sueg df yk;[ g; 4sgj sxkv ]sxy u sNhi jcau Bskd Xelm skr ]skg Cgd jxv jkcjn kd ukoxH ]Skt yef kd,ke kd suO,c ji gxt "s'of Bskd lki sd ukoxH dfkr Syflb ]kF k;df xk;® suXkgüb 4kukt re ywH ]ku[j <je¬ kd lb 4k;df xk;® kurdf sueg ]skn krc skr g; sdjd kiÎ Xe ;†kj sd Zxo¬ 4lki7lkv d ukoxH sxXkg k;D sd ukF¬ sd Xkxsky eg udfsy ]sxskO,c Xe yxc sd ukoxH eqr 4sxXO,c akgd eg ]hxXkg k;D s gxt hjkeg ]hxXkg k;D lu'htski hjkeg udfsy 4sd ukoxH ]skg _qi sr,kydb eqr dfXk;D ]sxskO,c eqr lki sd ulkglV sd ukoxH df kF k;krc Xeg sueqr j,kv ;†kj kd Zxo¬ 9Lkx Gkv eLxdV8 ]kxskg ;†kj kd ukoxH ]kF kgd sleg sueqr ]skn k>el rkc dS 4sn jd k;®g hjkgéqr ueæqn ,g krdl skg ]skvkt srkrc rkc dS udfsy 4syp eqr llht ]kNwi u Xk;‘'f sdum skr ]sxy sukt sy jd L\di ueæqn sdum Xgüm ct ]Bx hn hywl gcql j,kv k;x kL\di rkj ltf skd I¬bk∂ s 4sxskvkt Skrl Xe Xkvkyko† hd dju eqr j,kv kxawO,c lki sd ukoxH Te ]Xe dju sxskL\l eqr j,kv Zxo¬ kxaMkt Te 4hxskH skg eqr j,kv hxk;® awg Te df ,g kte j,kv rîf1r hd jkdagv sdlm Xe hlb 4Xk;D ,g krkt k[sn krgd hiki ],g krkt k[sn krsn hykx hlk;üal skd hjklal ]Xk;D knuV 4Tg srkt s[sn srjd knuV jrajuf hd xskH syko sujd xk;® Syflb j,kv xk;® k;df suTe ],g krskg jkdagv g; ],g krskg hjkdagv ra;®v hH hxk;® udfsy 4srukt Cgu skd jkdagv sd hxk;® udfsy ]Tg srukt skd jkdagv sd xskH eg 4srukt Cgu eg skd jkdagv syko sujd hyk[ ]skd jkdagv syko sujH ]Tg srukt skd jkdagv sd gjr hg dS eg dfXk;D 4hrL\i Cgu Bk[nf udfsy ],g rji ere”wl hg hd jkdagv g; 4,g hrdl skg krzeuof Bskd krzeuof hd Te g; ]awg zeuof Te df ,g kgj jd u,kd rîfKof g; ],g kgj jd u,kd kupwl g; ],g kgj jd u,kd k<"sk? g; udfsy 4awg Te skr zeuof ],g hjkdagv ],g q/kl sd sgkd go df ,g krjGf krk>el rckc sd Xkvq/kl sjlwn q/kl dS 4,g Cgu krzeuof spπl go ,g zeuof sOw> go zeuof skt sjlwn j,kv awg zeuof Te df ,g srjd ''fskd hd rkc lb henkv zeuof Syflb ],g krdl skg j,kv Bskd henkv zeuof knk;† hH sl>qe df hxSkt xy Iskp skd jkdagv sdlm ]kxSkt skg h[qn go skr 4,g henkv zeuof knk;† hH slikv Xe oakx sjkeg udfsy ],g skr ikv akg df sn gd ]awg zeuof Te ,g krgd skt sl henkv slsS hldf ikv jxv j,kv kokn g; kxsjd u,kd 4awg zeuof Te df kxsjd u,kd kokn g; akgo ],g Cgu jkdagv akgt dfXk;D ],g k<"sk? hg hd jkdagv hH k<"sk? g; ]awg zeuof Te 4,g k<"sk? hg hd jkdagv hH k<"sk? g; ]awg zeuof Te ],g krgd g; skt ]sl ˜kxke e”wl sL\c ],g nwt,ke akgo jkdagv udfsy ],g hrdl xy jsn Xe suukpgi Syflb ],g sjlwn sr¬kj sd jkdagv sdum ]akg 4Tg rqHnv rqgc jkdagv kdum sxaSkt skg ukj,g skr ]Skt lki sdum k;nf L\skN jkdagv sueg Tg srgd xsky skt 4s[sn Xe Xk[akv hd Xkxsky zeuof ]skd jkdagv suiv ,g krsy kcn kL\c ]kre¬fv hdlm ,g hrkt skg e”wl hL\c 4,g uOfd kutsk[ hjkdagv kl,o ],g krkt skg hjkdagv kurtf kyko suL\skN jkdagv ]Tg srskg ek<jfi sIym d¥fc ]krdl kt kL\skN Cgu 4hrsn ync dr cv skd henkv aSk{'f de√k/

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jkdagv df jrhH suiv kxy sutsk[ j,kv k;x O,c sdjd nac [akv ktkj go gcql stc jkp ]Xe rkj hjs/av lm 4kxawn jd k;®g Te hdlm Te hgo ]kusn krc s>qe skr Skt yef Xgéqr j,kv ],g akgd okH go df sktsk[ ]skvkt O,c sdjd nac [akv cv 4,g okH jkdagv df awg krsy uke rkc hjlwn skyp ]kgd sulm 4,g k'n hd Rpf dS ],g okH dS skr jkdagv ]kgd u ktkj lm `jkdagv ,g k;D jGf 4,g Cgu qr¬o Bskd jkdagv df Bx skg ;r rkc dS skyp ]kgd su Ze//fskc 4krkv s sy Te df ] Cgu ,g skr qr¬o Bskd jkdagv ]Tg srjd Xrkc hl,d hH ikv ]kgd sulm 4jkdagv Skv sy ]kNwi su Ze//fskc sl srkv ]k;kv go stc jkp 4hxSkt skg e®[ rkc ]kxSkt Iiuf kyeke Xe hxjkc dS ]kxawn jd e®[ skdlm skr ]skd jkdagv kukv sy Fkl ]kxaWd hdldf k;®g Te skr ]Sx kv sysdv eqr df awg krgd Syflb kgd su Ze//fskc 4kukv s y Fkl skd jkdagv df Bqg rkc k;D g; ]kgd sulm dfawp ]kvqg ukj,g kL\skF ktkj 4kukv sy Fkl skd jkdagv ]kukt kv re sysdv skr skvkv ct ]ku[j yk;[ rkc dS ]skuql df kgd su Ze//fskc df kxskg ji Xk;P\fhl h/kv go ]kF kjgO Ze//fskc akgt ak;P\fhl hd jnfae lm ]kxy sujrm ktkj go 4s[sn j,[ ]sxXn jd e®[ ]skvkt kv rkj stc jkp df rDf;ø ,g krgd g; ],g hd ''fskd hd sujd e®[ sulm jH uoht sltf rkc k;D ,g uklkv hurb 4kvqg ukj,g rqgc ktkj go 4kxawn jd hg e®[ skd jkdagv sjkgéqr Te 4skvkt kv stc jkp eqr ]sxXjd eg gcql yd rkc hnk;ufqc go 4hd Cgu rkc hnk;ufqc slcl sueqr dfXk;D ],g ZF;ø go ],g k;df hH skt sueqr 2_ef sjse ]kgd su Ze//fskc lm 4aWd k;D Te cv ]kNhi Cgu krL\skN Cgd go ],g nwt,ke skr go ]Cgu krkt skr jkdagv g; ]awg uk'sji kL\c Te 4k;yf [sn suTe hH xk;® ]k;yf [sn suTe hH ;†kj ]k;yf [sn suTe hH u/ 4,g nwt,ke go ]Cgu krje jkdagv df awg krki Te jrhH udfsy ]hjktqx ji ak;Ifskxay suTe ak;e√x j,kv ak;n√l 4Snf jd nac suugi _¬o sNπv sd gjr cl suTe ]Sdf nac xskH sd gjr cl suTe ]kje Xk[wH Te ]k;yf jd ;kdl∂ skd jhj' suTe 4k;skl ji uhet jdL\skN ak;Yfx Te ]Sdf utskH s[wl7s[W suTe ]Sdf lkoim suTe ],g Sdf ;kim cl suTe 4∑aL\skN sl,d jkdagv Te udfsy ]sxskvkt skg jgkc sd [qn skr skL\skN jkdagv df ,g k;k>el s>qe su skd'sni∆ke/ XkL\d,l7XkL\d,l j,kv g kgj sn kL\hi s>qe jkdagv ]awg krgkp kukIef Te slm 4,g [qn dS kd uoht sjse ]skvkt kv cd eqr df awg krjd k{hrzi , hjkgéqr sl unf sL\c j,kv hjkgéqr ,g huql suTe kla'zi hL\c 2q{Hf ]kgd sl Ze//fskc Xe rakdS j,kv kd Ze//fskc k;df rxko¬ sulm 4k;kv ji kehl hd uhp susy slm Ikzel kd uhp 4kxskg kgj rDf;ø rqHnv rqgc go ]Bx paqgi uhp rfk;“ hdlm sygi sd supaqgi sdlm ]kpaqgi uhp go 4Zke//fskc kdlm kF eku ]k;x uhp sygi Z"o ,kl gn,kp Bskd q{Hf dS sl rjkH 4,g krkt k;ki Cgu go 4,g krL\i kuL\skN u j,kv ,g krL\i kujH slm skr u 4Cgu hg ,g go df Tg srki so ]Tg srkt sutsk[ skd jkdagv xsky skt df ,g Z;pækv kd ˜k;pækv udfsy ],g krdl kt k;df Nqd nkc sdlb jGf skr ],g g; jxv `,g k;D `,g akgd ],g jkdagv g; df Xy ukt skr g; sygi rDf;ø uke0fqc hH Bskd 4Cgu k; hH ,g go df Xy kxy kri skr g; skr ]skg krgkp kujH thp Bskd k; Cgu k; hH ,g go df Xy kxy kri skr g; sygi skr ]skg krgkp krykduf thp Bskd sl j? suiv jxv henkv dS 4Cgu k; hH ,g go ]awg kyp suL\skN Te sltf k; sujH Te sltf df ]awy [sn skr g; sygi Te df kxskg g; Xe tsk[ hd jkdagv ]_wl kygi slcl ]hygi slcl 4,g ryx rkc g; sl iW hnk;ufqc ],g Cgu skd sukv ek<jfi slub hH sxkv 4k;kv Cgu ek<jfi j,kv ,g k;df rL\fhi skd ue sd ;‘que sl ykl Xkjktg su Xkr¬kj Xkuskn ub ]Tg Sqg rcfkl ryx r¬kj Xkuskn g; 4,g Cgu sr¬kj Xkuskn g; ]Skt k;df k;D jGf 4,g krdl kt kL\skN jkdagv u ],g krdl kt kjH jkdagv s u ]Skt k;df k;D jGf ]krdl kt Cgu kL\skN jkdagv 4,g nwt,ke jkdagv kdlm kxk;® suTe df ,g <je¬ g; sltf dfXk;D ]jkdagv go ,g udfsy 4,g krdl kt kuhN skr skd u/ ],g Cgu ;kim Bskd kd suuhN skd xk;® dfXk;D ],g Rfial BkF¬ hg hd jkdagv go ]hy ked Rfial BkF¬ Bskd suTe df ,g krxy skd hxk;® Syfhlb j,kv ,g rkc hd hukj,g sL\c g; 4krdl Cgu uNf xk;® g; cv udfsy ]Skt ync skr sync k;ufqn ]Skt ync skr sync rewdqg cv 4,g Cgu kr¬kj Bskd cv ]krdl uNf Cgu Bskd cv slm ],g BkF¬ rqgc Han kd xk;® ],g BkF¬v rqgc Han kd s;iQ ],g BkF¬ rqgc g; cv ],g IXukeji rqgc jkdagv g; cv 4krdl yduf Cgu kykohn Bskd kdlb ]krdl uhN Cgu hH Bskd cv xk;® kd

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X rkc slikv suTe Xkunf uhr ],g Gjr ltf I‘f1n hjkeg j,kv 4,g Cgu I‘f1n hjkeg ],g Cgu jkpof kjkeg ],g Cgu yk;[ kjkeg Z Glf 4,g Fkl hzxekl hjwi hd hjwi hd <jxkt 4,g jk;,r gjr hjwi Rpf ],g nwt,ke cl 4,g Cgu j,kv lm rfx j,kv k'nf hd jkpof sjkeg ZGlf ]yk;[ kjkeg ZGlf ],g Cgu j,kv lm I‘f1n hjkeg ZGlf 4,g nwt,ke Nqd cl ],g nwt,ke k;hn ],g nwt,ke rfsk;† ],g krdl yt ]sdl tsk[ eg j,kv Skt yt k;hn jrhH sl,d ]Xy kxt rfsk;† jrhH eg sl,d ]Skt xkt eg sl,d 4,g ;®l eji hgo ],g naukv eji hgo ],g skt akgo 4krL\i Cgu nsH Bskd sllb ]Xn sn eku Bskd7Bskd slm jGf 4,g <Zkouf hgo ,g skt akgo jGf ],g {ske hgo ,g skt akgo jGf ],g ke®keji hgo ,g skt akgo jGf 4,g Cgu akgo Te Bskd ]jkdagv Bskd ]kre¬fv Bskd ]skxB Bskd akgo skr Xdl [sn jd xkt jrhH eg jxv 4Xdl [sn jrhH j,kv Skt xkt rfakH ldf eg df ,g g; ykol 4,g Gkl j,kv k/hl ykol ],g k;D ykol cr 4krdl kt k;ky Cgu skd jkdagv suekl sd ue Sqg sxkt ]suekl sd Labke Ladsov 4krdl kt k;ky Cgu skd jkdagv suekl sd ukK 4krdl kt k;ky Cgu skd jkdagv suekl sd ke®kv 4krdl kt Cgu k;ky suekl sd tjwl skd sjs/av dfXk;D ]hHd kxSki Cgu skg kyl,G g; Xe ryknv hd ukoxH 4kxsgj kL\i hg Xe ybkG go j,kv ,g kvqg kL\i hg jrhH sd ybkG ],g kvqg kL\i hgo kyeke ]sdl ky Cgu suekl sd tjwl skd sjs/av dr hHv so ]Sx dF hH ukoxH 4Sx skg unf rqgc Sqg skd rkc lb ]akgd ,g go udfsy 4awn jd nac kNhi kdlm Syf d knl j,kv wxake hGke Te skr sjd r;kd'f hjse go jxv j,kv aSkv sy suekl sjse slm ]kjs/av go ,g akgd ],g Cgu ykol s Bskd skr kd sL\x> 4Bqg Cgu hH rkdkyqe Bskd hjse 4awg kL\i sNhi sdlm Te ],g krgd u,kd 4kvqg Cgu kuyef sllm dr tkv kjse ]kjs/av u,kd ]kjs/av kl,d ]kgd su tjwl 4kjkgéqr sulm ,g kL\kxcf k;D ]sNhi sd sjs/av ZF;ø skg sL\i Xk;D eqr df ]kgd j,kv k;kyqc skd tjwl su ukoxH ]Xn k>el skd tjwl ikv 4,g krjd kNhi kjse ],g krjd uk'sji s>qe j,kv ,g krkt skg nwt,ke sl gcql tskj df ,g Bx >wl k;D skdlb sl ykl XkL\skjd7XkL\skjd Cgu kri 4,g Cgu kL\x> Bskd ]k;df Cgu jwld Bskd ],g Cgu kL\kxcf Nqd kdlb dr tkv suTe j,kv ,g krjd uk'sji s>qe dr >akl sl gcql tskj 4,g kvqg kL\i dgku s Nhi sjse tjwl df hF hn sn ñtv j,kv hF hn jd r;kd'f Xe ryknv hd ukoxH su jkd/av jkc dS df suTe klsS ,g kuql 4,g Cgu jkdagv skd akgo ]skd sutsk[ ,g srskg rF¬fim jrhH eg hg sl,t ],g jkdagv rfF¬fiquv hjkeg 4,g jkdagv dr cr ]sutsk[ krgkp Cgu dr ct 4,g Cgu jkdagv Bskd akgo ],g krki skr jrhH ,g krtsk[ jdsy k;hn ]kd kKzi ]kd dsoof ]kd jkpof ]g krkt jdsy k;hn dZowi'skg jrhH sd ue <siW d;él Bskd ct hg slsS 4,g Cgu kjs/av ],g krki skr ,g krkt Bskd jrhH , jdsy k;hn j,kv krskg Cgu k;hn dfXk;D ],g krskg kjs/av ]kxsyef Cgu kjs/av skr ]Skt jrhH go jdsy k;hn 4,g akgd sktsk[ j,kv skvkt sy k;hn skvkt df Xgd eg skd henkv hldf j,kv skg kjs/av Xe j? hldf sl,t ]g; ,g hg kl,o ]kgd su Ze//fskc 4,g Cgu go k;ki skr ktsk[ s uTe tkv ]kF go Syflb ]Cgu ktsk[ dr tkv suTe 4Cgu hg ,g go ]kF k;kv Te Syf sd k;®g hdltf 4awg krkt Te ]kgd j,kv sL\i j,i sd Ze//fskc slm ]hysk[ [akv sulm 4sxskgj srtsk[ dr cd _ef ]kgd j,kv k;kygf slm su Ze//fskc j,kv k;x skg henkv kjlwn Bskd go 4hxy suL\i hu'skj hd tjwl ji sjgsp sdlm j,kv kxy sukv 'kdzi kd tjwl j,kv kxy suyduf tjwl j,kv hxy suskg gcql j,kv ,g kgj tsk[ go ]hxy suskg hu? Igkjqd¬qe Bskd ]lkilkv sd XkOskg sdlm 4hxy uskg hØdb rfak' hL\c Bskd lkilkv sd Xk[akv hdlm cv ]cv udfsy ],g kgj tsk[ go ]krhc kIa? skn ]krhc kIa? ]k;x s krskg rak' endS kjgsp kdlm 4Sx srskg yFf'f qrar q;ku¬ sd sjgsp sdlm ]k;x krskg yFf'f okur kd sjgsp sjh/7sjh/ udfsy 4,g kgj tsk[ okur kL\c ji sjgsp kdlm ]kF kO,c ktkj skt go hrhc hL\? ]hrhc hL\? h/kv 4kxawn jd k;®g hdlm Te ],g g; ]sxskdl gd hg sl,t eqr j,kv ,g g; ],g akg; df akgo slm sky L\di j,kv jkdagv ,g akgd df skykL tsk[ skd ue sjkl ]Skt gj u kukt kucf kuskd Bskd 4Skt u dwp gxt Bskd ]sktsk[ sl yk;[ ]sk[sn df ,g krkt srsn sdD/ sl sLaL Xe phc7phc skd ktkj j,kv ],g kO,c suekl go 4kxawn jd k;®g hdlm Te ]k;yf L\di df kusn jH krc lc s>qe skr ]Skt yef Xgéqr kgd sulm j,kv kF kr[j Xe Fkg suiv k'seg kLaL go ]kF kvqg kO,c Syf kLaL suekl Ze//fskc j,kv ],g akgd

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Sskl7Sskl ]Tg srkt yduf sl lki sdlm ],g hL\skF k[sn hHd sueg hH skdlm ]Tg srjd eszi eg sltf ]sl j,kx skd [akv hd ake huiv ,g h[sn suldf ]sl j,kx ,g Cgu h[sn suikv hHd 4sxXL\di u hH Nqd so ]skg okH Xe Xk[akv hdlm k;D ],g hl,d ]hF hl,d [akv hd ake ],g kl,d dhO7dhO df krkv Cgu Xe L\di hH kjgsp kd ake 4,g hrkt L\xcf ],g hrkt Ief aSk[sj cl df kxsyp kri skdikv skr ]sdjd nac [akv kujd ''fskd kjt ikv hg tkv udfsy 4kjgsp kd ake huiv ,g nk; >qe df kxskg yk;[ g; skdikv n;k' skr Xjd u yk;[ jxv slsS akg `Xk;D ],g Cgu Xe rf1e¬ hjse ]I‘i¬ s>qe hH kjgsp s kd ake df hxskg hukj,g hL\c ]kxsL\i Cgu Bk[nf Nqd akgo ]hxaSkt skg hy/aq/ aSk[sj cl skr 4kl,d kjgsp kd ake hjse ]Xjd yk;[ sdjd nac [akv Iuef paki 4kxSkv sl,d <je¬ ]sl dhO Cgu hg k[sn hHd ]kxSkv Cgu <je¬ dr kjgsp kd ake skdikv ]sxaSkt skg ukj,g ikv ]Xjd <je¬ kjgsp kd ake huiv j,kv Xy jd nac [akv Iuef paki kjt hHd sxaSkt skg ukj,g ikv j,kv kr[sn Cgu skd _ef suiv _ef dS 4g; ,g k;D ]skg k[sn gjr hjwi df Cgu kr[sn hHd skd sIsc huiv krif dS 4Cgu k[sn gjr hjwi jdjH [akv hHd sulm hH skdlm 4krki [sn Cgu hH skdlm ],g kgj gj sl ˜k"o go lki sdltf hu®i huiv rfi dS df Tg Sx skg ZFelv surb Xe su[sn eg j,kv X[sn Cgu spskl ,g cyre kd suxkt rfzi sd Xkthp 4k;x j,kv Cgd ue kdikv ]Sx skl kv rfzi sdlb ],g nwt,ke skt ywG kd ckyqx s; udfsy ]Skt kv nk; so ]Xkg /acal skt7skt ]skg u'SlfsklS skt7skt sl ywG sd ckyqx k; Skt kv nk; so ]skg Sdf IXH ywG sd ckyqx skdikv su Xk_ef utf j,kv Skt kv nk; go ]Xkg hP\i aSkrofd skt ji ywG sd ckyqx suikv krdl skg 4Sx skl ikv rfzi sdlm ,g suekl sdikv ywG skt go skr rckc sd ywG sd ckyqx k;nf jd Wq' jxv kupskl suikv j,kv Tg sO,c ikv lki sd ywG sd ckyqx dS ]Bx kv ,g Cgu nwt,ke skt thp Bskd j,kv k;x Ig go ,g nwt,ke skt df k;df Wq' kupskl suikv ]Sskl ikv df kpskl ]Sx j,kv Cgd ikv df kpskl suikv dfXk;D X[sn ZGlf ]u spskl Nqd 4,g k;D Xjkr s; X[sn j,kv Skt O,c jdysk[ [akv ji rN hd j? hHd ],g k;D Gjr Xkjkp X[sn kjt j,kv Skt dQ ji sr¬kj sryp7sryp 4Skt jgO dukpv hHd ]Xjd sl,d xsk;zi kd <jxkt rfzi d rxt sd jgkc skr 4,g hrskg k;∂f akgt ],g krskg Cgo hH Rpf ct ],g hrskg cr Bqg hxkt k;∂f hH Bskd 4krdl skg Cgu s kvqg kxkt ]kxskg kvqg k;skl kuyp skr j,kv Cgd kuyp ],g j,kv Cgd kdikv Rpf ]Tg Xrkc skn Xkuskn s; ]Tg sgj akgd yp 4,g akgd ikv ]skg sgj jd k;®g hd hldf Xe ybkjlB ikv ,g krdl skg ]Tg sgj yp ji dL\l ikv Tg sr>el xsky 4Tg sgj jd kL\x> sl hu®i huiv Xe j? suiv ikv ,g krdl skg j,kv ]Tg sgj yp ji dL\l ikv Tg sr>el xsky ]Tg sgj kt syp ikv ji dL\l jgkc ],g hrgj hryp jrhH rji hy/aq/ dS hd jkpof ],g srskg s>ym Xe jkpof jrhH 4Tg srskg Lbkiw;Dkv jrhH eg ],g hrskg jgkc k;ufqn kjse cyre kd suyp Xe rykg xiVhyl ]kd suyp Sskl7Sskl 4Sskl7Sskl ]Tg rgj sryp ]Tg srkt syp Sskl7Sskl chjd7chjd eg ]hysk[ Cgu 4Xkg hysk[ X[akv rfzi sdlm ]skg kukpgi slm ],g hygi s k;ufqn skt Gjr Xkjkp ]jdskg rak' ]jdskg jkpo√uf ]jdL\skN skd jkpof sd gjr cl ]skg k[sn jdskg u,ke j,kv rak' rfakH cl 4skg s[sn hHd sjkr sd 'kdkv sd rkj ]sl <jxkt sjwi ]skg k[sn sl dsoof sjwi suikv jdjgO <{ paki skd tjwl srxm gcql ,g yk;[ skdikv k;D 4skg k[sn sl 'skg skd Xkr“jn Iuef paki suikv jdO,c lki sd Xkr“jn df ,g yk;[ skdikv k;D 4skg k[sn sl 'skg jd dQ Syf sd Iuef paki skd Xkxsky Sqg sryp ji dL\l suikv hHd ],g yk;[ skdikv k;D ]Tg Sqg Skl rfzi sdlm eg 4Cgu Sqg Sskl ]Sgfkp kuskg rzxkt Xeg rfzi sdlm ],g rxt skt Gjr Xkjkp sjkeg3_wl kygi 4,g ke®kv hgo ],g krkt k;ki skt j,kv ,g krkt k;ki Cgu jkdagv skr skg /çyim so ]sd <jxkt ,g _wl uhr sl sIskN hg hlsS ],g hrdl kxy xkv Xe rZoi sjwi hjkxpV hl hIskN dS 4krkv Cgu sl rkc hldf ek<jfi Bskd j,kv kL\c sllm ],g krdl ky ek<jfi rg1o rqgc xsk;zi kdum udfsy ]Tg hIskN Xrkc so 4kxawgd Te slikv Xe Zkpp erfav lb Xe /acal lb Xrkc hIskN7hIskN uhr 4sxkt sl,d ]kusy jd /çyim skd lsuj;sov ]skd 'skg ]skd <jxkt jrhH sd a;o¬ ,g go j,kv ,g Is∂hl hg dS ],g ukKof hg dS ]kd sujd /çyim skd jkl sd uoht r¬el ,g _wl hg dS 4hrsn Cgu sukt skd I‘f1n Gjr lb I‘f1n hd Gjr lm ],g hd

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kv /skc g; j,kv 4,g xyv kyko su[sn ]sF srdl Cgu hH [sn ikv skr Cgu ],g xyv ikv 4,g xyv so ]Tg sgj [sn ikv Xgütf skd Xkjkpof df ]kxskg /skc hjkdrfak∂ rqgc g; dS 4,g xyv ]ikv j,kv ]go skg sgj [sn ikv sltf df ]dS 4hxXyp kri Xrkc skn skdikv hg sr[sn7sr[sn slm 4sxaSkt skg ukj,g ikv j,kv Xgj sr[sn ]Xgj sr[sn ]Xgj sr[sn sl rfak' slm ]hH Nqd ]kyH7kjqc ]Xe ue skg kryp hH skt sl okH {i‘uf ra;®v 4,g hjWt k;D kuxkt hH rfzi sdlm 4Tg Sqg Syf k;D jrhH j,kv Tg srL\i yp j,kv Tg srsy ktl ywG ]Tg srsy dL\Nf _b sl jgkc ]Tg srsy jd dhO7dhO sL\id suiv go ],g Cgu ∂Gf hd su[sn Bskd akgo ],g uiyxki kurdf ],g krdtkjv hurdf ],g ñdkuv kurdf ],g jLjskvlLf kurdf ],g rF¬fo;øv cl kurdf akgo ],g hxnax hurdf akgo ],g Xyhd hurdf akgo 4,g kgj skg k;D akgo df ,g kO,c jrhH Xe Xk<kzi sjkeg skt ]srjd Cgu hd ue lm eg hH ∂Gf hurm 4Cgu hd Sx sL\kd dhO so df hd Xkykc suiv 4Cgu df ,g hyduf yhd Xeum ]hd Xkrwt suiv ]ryx df ,g dhO so df ]hd XkL\id suiv Tg srjd ∂Gf eg kurtf 4,g k;D df syp u hg kri dfkr ]Cgu sr[sn skd ue ]Tg srky Xe ekd Xchdjr hd Zxqejqrq' eg hg slsS ]k;x skg kjkdIqN sl huklkv 4Cgu hg ,g go ]Cgu krL\i Bk[nf skt ],g krpskl Zxqejqrq' ]krL\i Cgu Bk[nf ueæqn 4Xe rsj ,g krkt skg kL\[ jd kiq? jlf skr ,g krkv ueæqn ],g krskg Zxqejqrq' Xe ukr¬xfsj lb df kl,t 4Cgu hg ,g go df sxX>el ]Cgu hg kxs[nf skt dfkr ],g krsn jd nac hg ku[sn skdlm skr ,g kryp g; jrhH sjse ]skg srgd tkjkge7tkjkge ]skg srL\i j,i sjse xsky jktg ]henkv kNπv awg Te 4q/kl awg Te df ,g hrxy Iskp skd jkdagv skr X[sn jrhH ]X[sn jrhH sl,d go ]skg sgj yp yk;[ sd k;®g hd hldf Xe ue sdlm ,g krdl skg ]awg q/kl Te df ,g kr>el henkv skt dfXk;D ],g hrdl skg hH kL\hi hL\c skr Cgu 4Skt kv u kd,ke kd su[sn jrhH Cgd df Tg srgj s>ym Xe ekd Syfhlb eg ]skgj s>ym Xe ekd suiv skyp syp X[sn u,kd 4skg kgj skg k;D akgo Cgu kri df ,g rhH;H eg n;k' ]Tg srjL eg n;k' 4,g krskg k;D akgo df ]Cgu hH sr[sn skd ue hHd skr eg udfsy 4,g kgj skg k;D jrhH sd ue df X[sn hH slm jdO,c <{ skn hHd 4,g hjWt ku[j 'skg hH rfzi sdlm ],g hjWt kuxkt hH rfzi sdlm ],g hjWt kuukt j,kv ku[sn hH slm ],g kgj yp k;D kurdf jrhH sd ue sd henkv l sIskN dS 4,g krdl kt akgd Cgu ],g kgj skg k;D akgo ]kxsyef akgo kuk[jkd kd ukr,' kjwi skr ]Xn [j jdykduf s jgkc skd ≠IDf,G hjkl hd hjkl sl xkenf sdikv Bskd jxv 4,g hgj yp sIa? lhc,kp akgo h≠ID,G hL\c hurdf ],g kgj skg kurdf ],g kgj skg k;D Xe ue df ,g Cgu hH yk;[ Xeg ],g kgj jd ekd kuiv ue j,kv Tg sxy Xe ekd suiv eg 4,g kgj skg k;D akgo df Cgu hg k[sn hHd sueg rfzi sd ue ]Tg sgj yp Sskl7Sskl eg 4jrhH sd ue ],g kgj skg k;D g; df X[sn skd ue jGf ]Xxkt rfzi sd ue jGf ]Xxkt rfzi sd jgkc sygi ]hd Xkthp hl rqgc ,g hgj yp k_k; hH Xe ue klsS ]Tg sgj yp xsky ji dL\l sl,t 4,g hgj yp jrhH sd ue cl go ]Tg aSk{akdkv hd ;‘ofH ],g ak;rf1e¬ ]akgo ,g aSkNπb ]aSkui¥d ]aSkuekd ]akgo ,g jkpof hg jkpof ]kvqg kjH sl Xkjkpof ]jrhH ,g ue 4,g hrskg hukxy rfzi sd ue Xe _wl sjlwn 4rfsk;† hg; jGf ],g hrskg Wq' huxkt jrhH sdlm rfsk;† dS ]<jxkt dS ]lsuj;sov dS skr ],g krjd Wq' kuht Xe uoht sd jgkc rDf;ø Bskd ct s l kr;eür hurb ]sl 'skg surb ]sl krzxel hurb 4,g hjWt kukt L\qt sl Fkg7Fkg kdlm skr ]sy Xe Fkg ]Fkg kd hldf 4,g hjWt kukt paqgi dr Xk<kzi sjwi7sjwi ]hd Xkukd sjwi7sjwi skd Xk;ufo÷ hdlm rDo sruql rhxal ],g hjWt kusy hi skd Z;nTkl sdlm sl gjr hjwi rDo sr[sn skd ywG jdysk[ [akv ],g hjWt kusy nko¬ gjr hjwi rDo srjd utskH 5,g kujd xsk;im hyolfu,Iab rqgc ]sl uk;÷ ra;®v kd Xk;–fab hjkl ]kuuql sl uk;÷ rqgc ]ku[sn sl uk;÷ rqgc slm ]jgkc ,g Cgu k;D ]jgkc ,g rqgc ]sL\i Bk[nf jgkc hH skt 4kuxkt rfzi sd jgkc ],g _wl kygi skr 4,g rkc uOfd rqgc skr go ]sxXxkt k;D rfzi sd jrhH skr ]srdl xkt Cgu hg rfzi sd jgkc eg ct Xe uoht Sskl7Sskl lb ],g k;skl7k;skl uoht kjkl klsS 4,g srskg j,kv Cgd eg dfXk;D ],g krskg kylkG kd Xkyhe Xkjktg jrhH sjkeg udfsy ]Skxy sl syx skd hldf eg df ,g krL\i Xeg Bk[nf Syflb 4,g krskg akgd ewyke u skr ue kjkeg udfsy ]Tg srgj sO,c Skxy sl syx skdlm Tg srjd eszi eg skd _ef ltf ]Tg srgj sO,c lki sdlm Sqg srpskl Xrkc lhpπi hjlwn

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eg j,kv ,g hrxy n[ql so df ,g g; Xe Xkrkc hNπv kjr[ kL\c ],g kjr[ dS Xe Xkrkc hNπv 4,g hrkt skg e®[ rkc j,kv ,g hrxy hNπv go df Tg srsy uql Syfhlb Xgüm eg ],g hrxy hNπv Xe suuql Xeg Xrkc skt df ],g krskg g; jldv d¥fc 4,g krskg Cgu Nqd hH sllb ]skg hrxy hNπv hH hurdf Xe suuql Xrkc ]krskg Cgu hH Nqd sl Xkrkc udfsy 4Cgd rkc slikv suTe hdlm ]kxskg Cgu jkd/av suekl sdltf ],g krdl kt k;ky tjwl g; sl,d ]kxSkt k;ki Cgu jkdagv Xe 'kdzi sdltf ]jrhH ,g krdl skg rzxkt ]<jxkt g; sl,d ]hd rkc slikv suTe hdlm 4,g krdl skg uhyof u/ac kd jkdagv g; sl,d 4kd jkdagv tkv j,kv kd Zed ]kd ukK ]Xgd slikv skd suL\skr u/ac uhr suTe Xe Xkunf uhr j/b 4,g hrskg hujd skd ;‘que jg hjk;,r hd XkvkuI? skn Syf sdlm ]Xdl I? kuI? hjlhr go ],g hrI? kuI? hjlhr tgl go 4,g k;x skg g; sl kiÎ hd ukoxH df ,g krxy ],g hrskg ewyke kiÎroxH go ],g hrskg ewyke lszx slm go 4,g krkt skg rjfrov jiM sdlm oHquv yskeuv ]rkKv ]ddf,kyv ];hr}fv ]kOwuv yqdycf dS ]k;x skg k;D g; 4k;df hHd suTe df kF Cgu hH krukt Te skr g; ],g k;x yef skt g; j,kv ,g Cgu ;¥we Bskd kdltf ]kF k;df hg j,kv Nqd skr suTe 4k;df k;D suTe ],g krgd go 4,g krkt jH sl Iw;IhIszx j,kv krKrÎ rfzi sd ke®keji go hHr j,kv k;kv ikv suiv skr g; ]k;df k;D suTe df ,g kryp kri skd d/kl skr ],g krskg /çyim <jxkt kjlhr ct Syfhlb 4,g krskg /çyim skdikv <jxkt kjlhr ]X/kl ikv <jxkt skn Syflb 4srL\i suky Cgu jd pC[ Xeg go ]sl jskv hd ke®keji ,g IXH hd eJ sjkeg go 4Tg srkv sl Gjr hd ke®keji go ]Tg srkv tgl go 4Tg srkv ikv suiv ywG sdlm ],g <jxkt eji skt go j,kv ,g hrL\i hujd skd ;‘que k{j hd <jxkt 4,g krL\i kuskc skd ;‘que thc kd <jxkt ]hH Xe tsk[ hd uoht 4kd suky[f ywG ],g krjd ke®keji ekd kjlhr ],g krjd k{j hd s/,ki ],g krskc thc ],g krjd ukldf ekd skn 4,g hrskg sl suiv xjVokyG go ]Tg srkv sl uiv skr ywG 4sxXyduf u hHd ywG jGf skr hd ''fskd hd suykduf ywG jxv su hldf j,kv sykduf hH ywG cv ]sF s Sskc thc sl,t ]sykduf hH ywG cv df ]krykduf Cgu jd pC[7pC[ Bskd skdum 4Tg srkv ikv suiv so ]srL\i Cgu suky ywG udfsy ],g hrL\i hujd ykgél hd s/,ki ],g krL\i kuskc thc 4Tg srkv ikv suiv ywG ]srL\i Cgu suky ywG udfsy 4Tg srkv ywG ]Tg srkv yG Xe s/,ki jGf ],g krjd k{j hd s/,ki nkc sd suskc thc jGf ],g krsn skc thc ukldf dS sl,t 4,g ek<jfi Z;koufv kd <jxkt skn ]<jxkt kjlhr 4kxskg kn,i sl suiv sl suiv <jxkt kjlhr 4Skt xkt ikv rfzi sd ue lm j,kv rfzi sd jgkc 4,g krjd ke®keji ekd kjlhr ]Tg srjd ikv ekd skn 4,g krskg rIf? ikv suiv ]lk;kuv <jxkt kjlhr ]Tg srjd ikv <jxkt skn 4,g krL\i Cgu kujd skdikv go ]kd ke®kv ],g <jxkt kjlhr j,kv 4kxsyef sl Xe XkukF¬ rDjf Cgüb kd,ke kygi kd suxkt Gjr hd ke®kv skdikv skr 4awg Te go ]Xe phc ],g lsi¬ skt go 4awg Te go ],g ykjrav ;üw' hyk[ skt ],g ukF¬ rDjf skt df kxskg /skc g; hg sl,t j,kv 4awg Te go ],g gxt rDjf skt d¥fc ]awg Cgu Te jkpof ]kxsyp kri skdikv skr sxXL\i Bk[nf i,x g; skdikv ct 4Tg srdl sy xakyN jrhH ikv sl akgt ,g gxt hgo ]Tg srdl nawd sjgx ikv Xe <{ ;üw' jkpof hlm ],g ke®kv hdikv Xe gxt hyk[ hlm ],g rqHnv kL\c i,x go 4,g i,x ],g yojIab ],g Cgu jkpof Bskd akgt ],g gxt hyk[ dS Xe phc sd Xkuskn ],g krkv kjlwn jGf ],g krkt jkpof dS 4Cgu jkpof Bskd akgt ],g gxt hyk[ hl hL\skF Xe phc sd Xkjkpof skn jg 4hxsyp kri skdikv rkc hjlwn skr ]sxX[sn jdkv chjd sdum j,kv sxXxkt rfzi sd Xkjkpof ikv ct 4kxskg i,x ]kxskg yojIub ]hxsL\i Bk[nf gxt hyk[ Xe phc sd hlskL\i sdlm j,kv henkv jg skr ]aMkv chjd sjh/7sjh/ ]sjh/7sjh/ ]sjh/7sjh/ Te udfsy 4hxsL\i Cgu Bk[nf gxt hyk[ Bskd Xe phc sdikv skr ]aw[sn Te jdkt sl jiM IhG jktg jxv 4Tg sO,c akg; xsky surb ikv hHv 4hrL\i Cgu ewyke gxt hyk[ Xe phc sd Xkukde skn ]Tg srL\i ewyke Sqg sL\qt cl ukde skr ]X[sn skd Xkukde sd sphu 4Xkg kgj L\m sl tkgt7Bkog Bskd sl,t ]hxsyp kri g; sr[sn7sr[sn ]rkc hjlwn 4Bx skg e®[ rkc go ],g xyv skt ]ji ue kxSkt gj Cgu ]jkH ]>skc ]kL\hi Bskd hd Xkjkpof jGf 4,g xyv jkpof ]awg xyv Te ]hxSkt skg hjlwn rkc 4kxSkt ync endS ue skr ],g xyv kyko su[sn df kxSkt

iEsd jqi;nm

m o c. dl r o w o h s o. w w w / / : p t t h

38 fo 38 egaP

4Syf sd Iuef ln dS ]sxXO,c jsn hL\skF Syf sd uk;÷ sd gcql eg cv 4kxaWd rkc rkj j,kv jgiskn Te go Xe /acal lb sxXkg uæzi sdikv j,kv Nqd 4,g hugd slikv s>qe gcql hHv rkc hg hurb 4Cgu knk;† sl uîo¬ [qn dS uoht kdum ]srki kxt Cgu skt 4Tg srkt skg /çyim skd kr;ü/ so ]Tg srsy kxt skt ]kxskg kukxt skd lk;î lm jrhH sd Xk<kzi hg suiv ]Xe rakdS hg suiv ]Xe erjrav ]P\wxuf hg suiv ]krdl sn Cgu Fkl kdikv hlskL\i Bskd 4krdl skg Cgu hxsk;gl j,kv hFkl Bskd ]kxskg kujd skdikv sl iW Iiuf Syf sd lk;î j,kv 4kxskg kujd skdikv ]Cgu s>qe Nqd Syf sd lk;î lm ]Nqd Syf sd lk;î lm ],g Z<wiZFv lk;î skr Skt xt lk;î sl Xkrkc udfsy 4,g Cgu Z<wiZFv Xrkc ]Skv chjd sd jk} eg j,kv Xxt lk;î skr ]syq[ so df ,g krkt k;ki hg srskg lki 4Tg srL\i Bk[nf nac sueg sl gto hd suskg jwn ,g hg syq[ sko n;k' ]Xyq[ so df Sqg Iduf eg 4Cgu hH Bskd j,kv <jkd _kedS kd suskg nac sdum hg; 4Tg sL\[ jwn eg udfsy ],g Cgu nac jk} sd ke®keji 4,g Sqg hg syq[ jk} df Sqg lki eg 4,g nac jk} Syflb ]Tg sL\[ jwn eg df ,g g; skr pl 4sxaSkt yq[ jk} hd jwn rkc hH g; j,kv sxaSkt yq[ jk} hg srkv lki ]skvkv skr lki sd jk} 4skvkv skr chjd sd jk} jwn rkc skr hd sukI[I[ awg krgd g; skr Te udfsy ]sxaSkt yq[ Syf sjkgéqr jk} j,kv skvkI[I[ 4w; wI uv Luiskv hc y,' jskL n LaS ]dsku ],g kgd su I¬bk∂ 4Skt kv u jc[ hd suy[ sl jk} lm df dr ct ]Skt q s yp hg srIhi ]Skt syp hg srdskO skd jk} lm ]Skt yq[ u jk} go df dr ct ]sOm skg yxki ikv 4,g hrskg /çyim kjk/ hd jxkl sd rfak' sl akgt ]Skt yq[ u jk} kd Gjr lm df dr ct ]XOm skg u,psc ikv df Xn jH sl lk;î hjgx hurb ]Xn jH "skralv skdikv 4Xn jd uk'sji skd Xk<kzi sdikv ]Xjd hjgx ]Skxt skd lk;î ke®keji ]awg krgd rkc g; sl iW erfav skr 4Tg srjd rr√ojfi Xe naukv sd rfwHquv unf hldf d¥fc ]Skuc u [ql kd suuql yosd skd Xkrkc ub skt 4skg hjgx jrhH sdikv sl Xkrkc ub lk;î go ]Xjd ke®keji df kxawgd g; sl iW erfav skr ]sxaSkt skg rO‘frfzi eg Xe dskykv sl,d 4kxSkt skg 'sozi kjkeg Xe ;®1u sl,d j,kv Xe naukv sl,d 4kxskg k;D skr Skt skg /çyim rfF¬f go jxv 4kxskg k;D skr ]Skt skg rIf? rkc go jxv ],g Cgu ;¥we kL\c Bskd kdltf Xe suuql 4skg hrysk[ skd ue Gjr hd rhxal dS ]Gjr hd Z;nTkl dS hH Xe suuql rkc skt 4kxskg k;D skr Skt kv Xe oHquv sjkeg go 2'kd skg hrxy hNπv dr Xe suuql rkc skt dfXk;D ]Sgfkp huskg Cgu rîkel rkc 4,g hrkt skg rîkel rkc j,kv Tg srsy sy [ql kdum jduql

iEsd jqi;nm

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