Main Features Of Rural Society

Village is a community-

The village satisfies all their needs in the village. They have a sense of unity and a feeling of amiability towards each other. Village is a institution-

The development of villages is influenced considerably by the life of the village. In this way village is a primary institution. Religiosity-

Faith in religion and universal power is found in the life of the villages. The major occupation is agriculture which involves dependence on nature. Farmers worship forces of nature. The life of the village is the joint family system.

Family has a strict control and administrative powers over the individual. All the members of the family share the burden of the family occupation. In this way of working together the villagers maintain sense of cooperation among themselves. In the life of the villagers group feeling occupies an important place. They respect the judgment and obey the orders of their elders and the panchayats.SVillage Tour in India Explore the rural areas in India Rajasthan

Often when we think of rural life in India -vivid effigies of mud plastered walls, shady trees, green fields, dung cakes, uneven roads, bullock carts and deep dark wells becharms our minds - ah! This the picture of every rural areas in India. And how can one miss hashing out about the sweet and refreshing aroma of the earth when exposed to the very first drop of rain...rural life in India villages is very down to earth and very own always.

Take a village tour in India and experience the colorful village life in India, untouched by modernity. More than 700 million Indian population live in 600000 villages across rural areas in India. It won't be wrong to say that a true picture of India can be witnessed in its soulful villages - rural India. The Government of India is taking commendable steps in promoting the village tourism in India in order

One would get bowled by the simplicity of people's lifestyle here.to give the visitors a glimpse of "Wonderful Rural India" and offer information on major rural areas in India. The villages of Rajasthan are far away from the hustle and bustle of the city life and are very much grounded in tradition. Women filling water from wells. All these provide an extra edge to Rajasthan Village Tourism. The villages here showcase the present life of people of the state at its most basic. for a tourist though is a difficult task but once he/she comes across it. Check the village cobbler. gardens and wildlife parks are the major delights of Rajasthan but the villages here also are in no way less attractive than the above mentioned. Camel ride in a desert proves to be the best way to explore the beauties of the villages. . The villages boast of architectural richness. On the Shekhawati tract one can find a number of colorful villages. The charm of spending a day in the villages of Rajasthan is a great source of pleasure. The palaces. The colourful handicraft items. forts. Watching women making rotis (bread) from earthen kilns. A tour to these hamlets would give the travellers an insight in to rural India. the weariness evaporates. Every village has a deep dark well that quenches the thirst of every jaded traveller. Finding a village in the barren land. Watch kids playing in the desert. Watch Village folk performers. The villages present a true picture of the arduous life of the desert folks. The hamlets have well built houses that are decorated with beautiful wall paintings and other items of great delight. Best of Rural Rajasthan Enjoy the cockfight Relish the traditional cuisine Bask in the village fair. « Click Here For More Information/Booking » Villages of Rajasthan Villages of Rajasthan display their own distinctive charm. See farmers working in the fields.

caste and panchayat have control over the individual. Like any sociological discipline. although rural sociologists in America often use the U. interviews. rural sociology involves the examination of statistical data. so-called "boomtown" development. Agribusiness is one focus of rural sociology and much of the field is dedicated to the economics of farm production.S. Prussia. As urban incomes and quality of life rose.000 people). In contrast to rural sociology. The Urban Studies and Planning Program . Rural sociology is a field of sociology associated with the study of social life in non-metropolitan areas. The term was first coined in the USA. Majors develop skills in gathering and analyzing data on social issues and putting this information into a sociological context. population (59. They learn to value the power of individuals and groups in changing society. (December 2006) Rural sociology became prominent during the late industrial revolution in France. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Sociology majors acquire a greater understanding and appreciation of life in a diverse world. Ireland. amenity-led development. It is the scientific study of social arrangements and behaviour amongst people distanced from points of concentrated population or economic activity.S. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. rural health care and education polices.ociety.[1] The 2000 Census reported that rural America was home to nearly 21% of the U. observation. Early works of Max Weber in the late 19th century were concerned with rural sociology.Try your hands at churning of some fresh butter from the brimmed milk pot. [edit]Definition of "rural" Sociologists define "rural" is those areas which are not urban in nature. and many other techniques. social disruption. urban sociology is the study of urban social life.274. Sociology also has a six year articulation agreement in Occupational Therapy with Seton Hall University where students will receive a BA in three years from Saint Peter's and an MS in Occupational Therapy from Seton Hall in another three years. social theory. public lands policies. They become aware of how society influences lives. environmental sociology. and the US. Scandinavia.[1] [edit]History of rural sociology This article does not cite any references or sources. survey research. a social gap appeared between urban and rural dwellers. Other areas of study include rural migration and other demographic patterns. The line between urban and rural is quite arbitrary. etc.[2] Recent research has examined the "rural" and the "urban" as linked parts of a dialectical discourse. Census Bureau's definition of rural as being an area of fewer than 1000 people per square mile.

The upper-division field studies sequence allows students to work on specific policy projects in the San Diego region. graduates of urban studies and planning will have the analytic skills to think clearly and act creatively about the problems and prospects of the urban environment. At the same time. and a growing proportion of people throughout the world. or architecture. schools. who continue to study in these areas at schools of medicine or public health. temples and shrines. and make decisions together. planning. The honors option is an opportunity to do advanced research and writing that builds on work already completed in the senior sequence. Cities provide the environment in which people work. Many students find employment opportunities through their internship placement. After graduation some majors pursue graduate work in social science disciplines. law. More generally. play.The great majority of US citizens. and even people who have lived in a city for a generation or two refer to their ancestral village as "our village. sitting spaces under large shade trees. Course work introduces students to the ways different disciplines understand cities and the societies of which they are a part. Upper-division requirements educate students about the parameters within which urban choices are made. live in cities. Urban studies and planning provides students with a solid liberal arts background for graduate study or for professional work in a number of fields. all USP majors are guided through a research internship and writing process. Local governments make critical interventions in the quality of life. the cities of the world are increasingly linked in a global economic system. Urban studies and planning (USP) is an interdisciplinary program providing students with a variety of perspectives for understanding the development. Perhaps equally important. and wastelands. Eligible students may choose to enroll in USP 190 in the spring to write an honors thesis. wells. During a two-quarter sequence designed to be taken in the fall and winter of the senior year. fellow villagers share knowledge of their . growth. One of the outstanding features of the Urban Studies and Planning Program is the upper-division research requirement. learn. Urban studies and planning is an undergraduate community of students with diverse interests and goals. grazing grounds. cremation grounds." Indian Villagers share use of common village facilities--the village pond (known in India as a tank). Others pursue graduate study in public policy. Villagers in India manifest a deep loyalty to their village. A family rooted in a particular village does not easily move to another. and culture of cities and the communities within them. making diverse contributions to the international division of labor. Urban Studies and Planning has always also attracted students interested in medicine and public-health issues. harking back to family residence in the village that typically extends into the distant past. identifying themselves to strangers as residents of a particular village.

rivalries. a bride is often known by the name of her natal village. Sanchiwali (woman from Sanchi). for example. reflecting the fictive kinship relationships recognized within each settlement. which is distinct from the traditional council and headman. in many instances. Living together in intensely close relationships over generations. considered essential to village prosperity. Disputes were decided within the village precincts as much as possible. A great many observances emphasize village unity. A woman born in a village in India is known as a daughter of the village while an in-married bride is considered a daughter-in-law of the village. and even violence. People of all castes within a village address each other by kinship terms. while women cover their faces and sing bawdy songs at them. As older systems of authority are challenged. powerful people. and villagers unite in regular worship of this deity. and joking. Dipavali (Diwali). residents of the bride's village in North India treat the visitors with the appropriate behavior due to them as bride-takers--men greet them with ostentatious respect." prosperous. fed and serviced through the labors of the struggling "little fish. ch. Interdependence in rural life provides a sense of unity among residents of a village. the government supports an elective panchayat and headman system. In her conjugal home in North India. each village recognizes a deity deemed the village protector or protectress. who had the power to levy fines and exclude transgressors from village social life. even Muslims may join in the friendly splashing of colored water on fellow villagers in Spring Holi revelries. work. villages in India often recognized a headman and listened with respect to the decisions of the panchayat . often going back generations.common origin in a locale and of each other's secrets. dancing. and. such as Sankheriwala (man from Sankheri). with infrequent recourse to the police or court system. Hindu festivals such as Holi. expanding government influence in rural areas. where village exogamy is important. villagers are less reluctant to take disputes to court.3). closely watching some grow fat and powerful while others remain weak and dependent. Further. which involve villagewide singing. A man who chooses to live in his wife's natal village-usually for reasons of land inheritance--is known by the name of his birth village. and television." Villagers commonly view gains as possible only at the expense of neighbors. The solidarity of a village is always riven by conflicts. and increased pressure on land and resources as . and Durga Puja bring villagers together (see Public Worship. In present-day India. Typically. Traditionally. In the north. even includes women and very low-caste members. They may cooperate in constructing temples and shrines important to the village as a whole. the concept of a village as a significant unit is clear. Most villages of India include what villagers call "big fish. In the north. composed of important men from the village's major castes. education. struggling to wrest a livelihood from the same limited area of land and water sources. When the all-male groom's party arrives from another village. fellow villagers are prone to disputes. the increased involvement of villagers with the wider economic and political world outside the village via travel. and factionalism. strategic contests.

A careful observer can find that all the elements of traditional and modern culture are juxtaposed in Indian rural life. Like every social phenomenon village is a historical category the principal pivot of the Indian society only till recently. The Government of India.village populations grow seem to have resulted in increased factionalism and competitiveness in many parts of rural India. (2) Unique nature of transformation of Indian Society: Due to historical reasons. (3) Agriculture nexus of the country: . Villages are the centre of India culture. (1) Village is the life and blood of Indian Social Life: Near about 80% of the population of India live in villages. Rural Sociology becomes more important in India. Rural Sociology is gaining importance. So India is a classic land of villages. co-operative movement etc for the improvement of villages. Such peculiar nature of transformation may be termed as ‘traditionalisation of modernity. For a proper analysis of Indian society the study of such peculiarities is highly necessary. A great transformation has also taken place in a peculiar way in Rural India. Rural Society within its frame work includes different rural societies. hence reveals a diversified cultural pattern. Dubey has rightly remarked that “from time immemorial village has been a basic and important unit in the organisation of Indian social life. has launched various programmes like community development programme. Therefore. And Rural Sociology provides scientific knowledge.” Desai has also proclaimed in the same vein that village is the unit of Rural Society. The importance can be analysed in brief under following heads. Indian Rural Society has become a society of societies which means. It is the theatre where in the quantum of rural life unfolds itself and functions. This simultaneous operation of traditional and modern forces makes the Rural Society an interesting field of study.

Unless. Further. Desai has rightly remarked that “this systematic study of rural social organisation. and Rural Society. but Rural Society is very much being influenced by it.” (5) Growing influence of Industrialisation and Urbanisation: Although the process of industrialisation and urbanisation are taking place at a Shail’s pace in India. of its structure. Rural Sociology teaches us the various methods and programmes for rural reconstruction. valuable contributions towards social. Through the study of Rural Sociology. The most predominant mode of occupation in India is agriculture. If the vast majority of the rural population has to be provided with minimum basic necessities of life. (4) For Rural Development and Solution of Rural problems: Rural India suffers from various social evils to changes the face of Rural Society. clothing and housing. Rural Sociology provides us knowledge about the study of rural problems and their solutions. Srinivas has remarked that “these studies constitute. the country can make tremendous progress. This can be done when we have adequate knowledge about agriculture. due to such influences at one aspect without the corresponding change in the entire system. (6) Village as basic unit of study: Microscopic studies have become necessary to understand the complexities of modern society and its multifarious problems. The charges. therefore. economic and religious history of our country. the agriculture is modernised the country’s economy cannot make a steady progress. like food. agriculture has to be improved. we are able to know about the agricultural programmes involvement of the farmers with agriculture and other agricultural mechanisms for its improvement.Agriculture is the Indian way of life. become dangerous for Rural Society. function and evolution has not only become necessary but also urgent after advent of independence.” Village forms . Hence the importance of Rural Sociology in India can hardly be undermined. political. The study of such dangerous situations becomes necessary for the smooth progress of Rural Society. When the problems of rural life are solved. the country can be remodeled through rural reconstruction. these evils have to be removed.

economy and administration. The programmes are the three main forces of social progress. the country can make real progress in a genuine democratic way. Rural Sociology which studies the structure and functions of these organisations is definitely of greater importance. So knowledge about true nature and form of village life is of prior importance in the present context.as the basic unit of study for any such macroscopic analysis. (7) Scientific study of village community as a prerequisite for democratic decentralisation: Through the decentralisation of power. . Village Panchayat. Hence. Community Development programme and Co-operative Movement are real democratic apparatus for such decentralisation. Rural Sociology provides us knowledge about the structure and functioning of this organisation.

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