# Integration by Parts

-
Tabular Method
Integration by Parts
} }
÷ = vdu uv udv
LIATE Rule
A rule of thumb to select u.
◦ L: Logarithmic functions: ln x, log
10
x, etc.
◦ I: Inverse trigonometric functions: tan
-1
x, sec
-
1
x, etc.
◦ A: Algebraic functions: x
3
, 3x+1, etc.
◦ T: Trigonometric functions: sin x, cos x, etc.
◦ E: Exponential functions: e
x
, 2
x
, etc.
=
}
dx x xsin
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x
1
0
x sin
x cos ÷
x sin ÷
+
÷
+
C x x x dx x x + + ÷ =
}
sin cos sin
Example 1
=
}
dx x x sin
2
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
2
x
x 2
2
x sin
x cos ÷
x sin ÷
+
÷
+
C x
x x x x dx x x
+ +
+ ÷ =
}
cos 2
sin 2 cos sin
2 2
÷ 0 x cos
Example 2
= +
}
dx e x x
x 2 3
) 5 2 (
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x x 5 2
3
+
5 6
2
+ x
x 12
x
e
2
2
2x
e
+
÷
+
C x x x e
C e e
x
e
x
e
x x
dx e x x
x
x x x x x
+
|
.
|

\
|
÷ + ÷ =
+ ÷ +
+
÷
+
= +
}
2 4
2
3

16
12
8
12
4
5 6
2
5 2
) 5 2 (
2 3 2
2 2 2
2
2
3
2 3
÷ 12
0
4
2x
e
8
2x
e
16
2x
e
+
Example 3
=
}
dx x x ln
3
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x ln
x
1
3
x
4
4
x
÷
+
C
x
x
x
dx
x
x
x
x
dx x x
+ ÷ =
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
} }
16
ln
4

4
1
ln
4
ln
4 4
4 4
3
}
Example 4
=
}
dx x ln
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x ln
x
1
1
x ÷
+
C x x x
dx x
x
x x dx x
+ ÷ =
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
} }
ln
1
ln ln
}
Example 5
=
}
÷
dx x
1
tan
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x
1
tan
÷
2
1
1
x +
1
x
÷
+
C x x x
dx
x
x
x x dx x
+ + ÷ =
+
÷ =
÷
÷ ÷
} }
2 1
2
1 1
1 ln
2
1
tan
1
tan tan
}
C x
C t
dt
t
xdx dt
x
dx
x
x
+ + =
+ =
=
=
+ =
+
}
}
2
2
2
1 ln
2
1
ln
2
1
1
2
1
2
1 t substitute

1
Example 6
=
}
dx x e
x
sin
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x sin
x cos
x sin ÷
+
÷
+
dx x e x e x e dx x e
x x x x
} }
÷ ÷ = sin cos sin sin
x
e
x
e
x
e
Example 7
x e x e dx x e
x x x
cos sin sin 2 ÷ =
}
( ) C x x e dx x e
x x
+ ÷ =
}
cos sin
2
1
sin
}
=
}
dx x e
x
cos
2
Sign

u
dx
d
}
dv
x cos
x sin ÷
x cos ÷ +
÷
+
dx x
e
x
e
x
e
dx x e
x x x
x
} }
÷ + = cos
4
sin
4
cos
2
cos
2 2 2
2
x
e
2
2
2 x
e
Example 8
}
4
2 x
e
x
e
x
e
dx x e
x x
x
sin
4
cos
2
cos
4
5
2 2
2
+ =
}
( ) C x x
e
dx x e
x
x
+ + =
}
sin cos 2
5
cos
2
2

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