Battle of Plassey

(Palashir Juddha)

2011 . Zakia Sultana Faculty School of Liberal Arts Submitted by: Sokhina Begum ID # 09310000. BBA UITS University of Information technology & Sciences 16th December.Term Paper On “The Battle of Plassey (Palashir Juddha)” National Culture and Heritage (NCH 101) Submitted to: Mrs.

The Mughal rulers of Bengal allowed the East India Company to settle in Bengal and trade free of duty on payment of an annual sum of three thousand taka. It laid the foundation of the British rule in Bengal. the Mughal subahdar. The British in Bengal appealed for urgent reinforcements to Fort St. George (Madras) which decided to send an expeditionary force under Robert CLIVE and Admiral CHARLES WATSON to Bengal. and the English in the last quarter of the 17th century. The purchase of zamindari and the establishment of the Fort William proved highly profitable to the East India Company and the vested interest that was created in it led them to purchase more zamindari lands (38 villages) around Calcutta. But their intrusion into the internal trade of Bengal became a cause of conflict between SHAISTA KHAN. The nawab ordered his forces to surround the Kasimbazar factory. They recovered Calcutta in January 1757 and declared a manifesto of war against the nawab. though a mere skirmish. The factory chief surrendered but the company's governor at Calcutta became obstinate.Battle of Plassey (Palashir Juddha) Palashi. At this Nawab Sirajuddaula was compelled to sign the ALINAGAR TREATY with the English. Meanwhile the abuse of trade privileges progressively worsened their relations with the Bengal nawabs. It lasted for about eight hours and the nawab was defeated by the company because of the treachery of his leading general mir jafar. Background of the Battle The battle had a long background that could be traced from the beginning of the East India Company's settlement in Bengal in early 1650s. Within a few years of their settlement at HUGHLI and KASIMBAZAR the company's trade began to expand rapidly both physically and in terms of capital investment. For the English East India Company. He established a fort at Calcutta and named it FORT WILLIAM. it has been magnified into a battle. Bengal was the springboard from which the British expanded their territorial domain and subsequently built up the empire which gradually engulfed most parts of India and ultimately many parts of Asia as well. . The battle of was fought between Nawab sirajuddaula and the east india company on 23 June 1757. Palashi's political consequences were far-reaching and devastating and hence.

But the conspiracy was still in an embryonic stage and Mir Jafar could not yet be taken for granted. Though Orme states that Mir Jafar conveyed his proposal through a Calcutta based Armenian merchant Khwaja Petruse. that the British were 'strong enough to drive' the nawab out of the country and that he (Clive) would stand by him (Mir Jafar) as long as there was a man left. Mir Jafar was in Murshidabad since May 30 but Watts failed to conclude the agreement with him.The Conspiracy by Mir Jafar The tension of war continued as the English. It was only on June 5 that Watts could get the red (false one to hoodwink Umichand's claim) and white agreements signed by Mir Jafar. But another pretender soon appeared on the scene. So Clive wrote to Watts on May 2 to assure Mir Jafar 'to fear nothing'. Watts himself however wrote to his father later on that it was he who 'applied' to Mir Jafar who 'with great willingness entered into my scheme of complying with and signing any reasonable article on condition of his being made Nabob by our assistance'. who were dissatisfied with Sirajuddaula. started hatching up a conspiracy with the disaffected courtiers of the nawab. disregarding the treaty. . It was the British who were more anxious than the other conspirators to put their own scheme of overthrowing the nawab. there would have been in all probability no Palashi 'revolution'. There is no denial that a section of the influential members of the nawab's court at MURSHIDABAD. But the point to emphasise is that without the active involvement of the British. was trying to hatch a conspiracy to defeat the nawab.

it had 2. with his detachment.The battle The British army was outnumbered.5 million for the company. Mir Jafar was then appointed Nawab." The battle cost the Company 22 killed and 50 wounded and the Nawabs had lost 500 men and wounded. and although Sirāju-d-daulah summoned him to his side. when the camp-followers decamping from Dāūdpūr went the other side.000 for himself from the Nawab's treasury. when the people of the tents fled. and in the heat of the work of carnage." He later committed suicide in 1774. As yet Nawāb Sirāju-d-daulah was busy fighting and slaughtering. After a while of being Nawab Mir Jafar asked the Dutch East India Company to intervene with British supervision of him. all of a sudden Mīr Madan. It was now midday. and gradually the soldiers also took to their heels. Mir Jafar was then thrown out and Mir Kasim Ali Khan (his son-in-law) was appointed. 1759. In addition. Ghaseti Begum and many other powerful women were sent to prison in Dhaka." "Robert Clive was appointed Governor of Bengal in 1765. . flight occurred in Sirāju-d-daulah’s army. for his efforts. and the artillerymen with the corpse of Mīr Madan moved into tents. After the Battle: Siraj Ud Dauluh was captured on July 2 in Murshidabad and was later executed by the command of Mir Jafar's son. the aspect of Sirāju-d-daulah’s army changed. which was operated by the French soldiers.200 Europeans and 800 native Indians while the Nawab had 50. Two hours before sun-set. They sent seven ships and 700 soldiers up the Hoogley. for his addiction to opium. Watts collected £114. but the British defeated them at Chinsura on November 25. commander of the Artillery. Ghulam Husain Salim said: Mīr Muhammad Jafar Khān. and £234. In the thick of the fighting.000 for his efforts. where they drowned in a boat "accident" (it was said that Mir Jafar ordered the "accident"). At the sight of this.000 with heavy artillery. Mīr Jafar did not move from his position. "Clive collected £2. fell on being hit with a cannon-ball. and Sirāju-d-daulah also being unable to stand his ground any longer fled. whilst victory and triumph were visible on the side of the army of Sirāju-d-daulah. stood at a distance towards the left from the main army.

S Chaudhury. Palashi Revolution of 1757. Palashir Sharajantra O Shekaler Samaj (in Bangla). Bengal .References Books: • • • PJ Marshall. 1987.pbworks. Web: • • • http://www. The Prelude to Empire.wikipedia. Cambridge.banglapedia.com/w/page/13960045/%22Battle%20of%20Plassey%22 .org/wiki/Battle_of_Plassey https://bashapedia. New Delhi. Rajat Kanta Ray. 1994. Calcutta.HTM http://en.org/httpdocs/HT/P_0044. 2000.the British Bridgehead.

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