Revision Guide

 Distance: Length of the path took.  Displacement: Straight line distance between two places.  Fluid: A substance that can flow which includes liquids and gases.  Acceleration: The rate of change of velocity with time happens: There is Change in speed Change in direction Change in both  Upthrust: If a body is fully or partially submerged in a fluid a pressure difference at different depths causes it to experience an upward force.  Laminar: Smooth layers which doesn¶t intersect each other usually occurs at lower speed and around more streamlined objects, it will change to turbulent flow as the velocity increases.  Turbulent: A broken stream line non smooth random change.  Young modulus: to measure how stiff is a material. 

Proportionality point: When extension is proportional to force stops.  Elastic limit: Material stops behaving elastically, when stress is removed material doesn¶t return to its original length.  Yield point: Material shows a large increase in strain for a small increase in stress  Plastic region: Extension increase rapidly for small increase in force in this region. These solids are ductile.  Stiffness: Resisting tensile force  Compressive Strength: the compressive stress at which material breaks.  Tensile strength: Stress at which material breaks.  Viscous drag: The force pulling back in the fluid.  Brittle: Materials break with little or no plastic deformation.  Malleable: Materials can be beaten into sheets, shows large plastic formation  Ductile: Materials can be pulled into wires or threads, shows plastic formation before failure under Tension.  Hard: Materials resist plastic deformation by surface indentation or scratching.  Tough: Material withstand impact forces and absorb a lot of energy before breakin.

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