Dauroh Fiqh Nasional -Cepogo- (Manhj Salikin)

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No. Telp./HP :

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2

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

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3

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫ˇ‪Ł „ˇ flł⁄‬‬
‫”{{{{∞ˇ‬
‫{{{‪Ž Ž÷^äĆ ÷]<s‬‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ــﺔ‬
‫‪PENDAHULUAN PENULIS‬‬
‫ﺑﹺﺴﻢﹺ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﺣﻴﻢﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻌ ﹸ‬

‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺫ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹸﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻌﻴ ﹸﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺳﻴ ﹶﺌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈﻟﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﳞ ﹺﺪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻀ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹺﻠ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ‬
‫ﹶﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹶﻱ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ‬
‫ﹶﻋﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺁﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﺕ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔﻘ ﹺﹾﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹸ ﹾﳐ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻻﺋ ﹺﻞ; ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲨ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴬ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫﻢ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹰﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﺸ ﱠﺪﺓ ﱠ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺓ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿﻮﻉﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻜﻢ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺺ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺿ ﹰﺤﺎ; ﻟﹺ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹺﺣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻈ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻤ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﴫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹾ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪﻟﹺ ﹺﻴﻠ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺪﺋﹺ ﹶ‬
‫‪5‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻘ ﹶﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹺﺩ ﱠﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜﺎ ﹺﻡ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬

‫ﴫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲨﺎﻉﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹺﺓ; ﹶﺧ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻓﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﺤﻴﺢﹺ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺩ ﱠﻟﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺸﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﱠﺟ ﹶﺢ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﺧ ﹶﻼﻓ ﱠﻴ ﹰﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﹰﻌﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻸ ﹺﺩ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺔ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶﺴ ﹲﺔ‪:‬‬

‫ﺎﻋ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻗ ﹶﺐ ﺗﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﺐ ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﺃﺛﹺ ﹶ‬

‫‪ -٢‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺍﻡ ‪ :‬ﹺﺿ ﱡﺪ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﺗﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﻳﻌﺎ ﹶﻗﺐ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺮﻭ ﹸﻩ ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﺃﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﹶ ﹾ‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ‪ :‬ﹺﺿ ﱡﺪ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﺡ ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹺﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺣ ﱟﺪ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮ ﹴﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٥‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺝ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻋ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹶﺩﺍﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠﻒ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹺﺩ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ((‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻔ ﱢﻘ ﹾﻬ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺﻪ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹰ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪Metodologi Penulis dalam Manhajus Sâlikin‬‬
‫‪Maksud Penulisan Buku‬‬
‫‪Definisi Ilmu Fiqih‬‬
‫‪Definisi Ilmu Ahkam‬‬
‫‪Kewajiban Mempelajari Fiqih‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪6‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫^‪Ć h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]÷‪ÏŽ Öˇ ^„ˇ Ş‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬

‫‪KITAB THAHARAH‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ‪ )) :‬ﹸﺑﻨﹺ ﹶﻲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ‪ :‬ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹺﻡ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱢﺞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺸﹶ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ :‬ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻋﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺎﺩ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﺰ ﹸﺍﻣ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺤ ﱡﻖ‬
‫ﹾﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻌﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﱠﻳ ﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻟ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺹ ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﱢ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺟ ﹸﺐ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻼ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻋﺒﺎ ﹶﺩﺍﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﻙ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺷﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹸﺃ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹺﺭ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺗﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻨﺎ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺳﻠ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﴾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧﺒﹺ ﹶﻴﺎﺀ‪[٢٥ :‬‬
‫ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒﻠ ﹶﻚ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮﻝ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﻧﹸﻮﺣﻲ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺃﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻞ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺜ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹺ‬‫ﻮﻫ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹺﹶﺬ ﹰﻳﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻋ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﱢﻦ‪ -‬ﹶﺑﺸ ﹰ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫‪7‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺗﹶﻮ ﹺﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣﺘﹺﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺼ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟﺘﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻖ ﹶﺧ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶ ﹾﳖﻴﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧ ﹶﹾﻴﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹺﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻢ‬
‫ﹶﺳ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺡ ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﻹ ﹶﻳﲈ ﹺﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹶﺗﻘﹾﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺒﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺒ ﹺﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﳌﻌ ﹺﺠ ﹶﺰ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺳﺎ ﹶﻟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹺﻡ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺃ ﱠﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎﻟﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺩﻳ ﹸﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹶﺪ￯ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧ ﹶﹾﻴ ﹺﻮ ﱠﻳ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺼﺎﻟﹺﺢﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﹺ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬
‫ﺁﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹺﻈﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧﺒﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺁ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ￯‪ :‬ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹸ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻬﻲﹺ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪Isyarat Tentang Pembagian Thaharah‬‬
‫‪Perihal Hadits Tentang Rukun Islam‬‬
‫‪Kedudukan Ikhlash‬‬
‫‪Penjelasan Dua Kalimat Syahadat‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫]‪Pasal [Hukum Seputar Air‬‬

‫ﴍ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓﹸ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭﺓﹸ‪ :‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺓ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹴﺭ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻬ ﹾﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻﻐﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪8‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﻧﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ :‬ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﻧﹶﺒ ﹶﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﹸﻳ ﹶﻄ ﱢﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬ ﹲ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﴚ ﹴﺀ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺙ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﻧ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺭﳛ ﹸﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺒﺎﺙ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﺗﹶﻐﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻨ ﱢﺠ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻪ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :-‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬ ﹲ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﻧ ﹺﹶﺠ ﹲﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟﺘﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺗﹶﻐﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻚ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺴ ﹺﻠﻢ ﹺﰲ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺠﺎﺳ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺛ ﹾﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺑﻘ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹲﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬

‫ﺙ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹲﺮ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻚ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻴﻘ ﹶﱠﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻞ ﹸ ﹶﳜ ﱠﻴ ﹸﻞ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹾﻑ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮﺗﹰﺎ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺪ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴚ ﹶﺀ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹶﺪ ﹺﺭﳛﹰﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪1. Thaharah Sebagai Syarat Shalat‬‬
‫‪2. Dua Bentuk Thaharah‬‬
‫‪3. Berthaharah dengan Menggunakan Air‬‬
‫‪4. Ketentuan Seputar Air yang Boleh Dipakai Berthaharah‬‬
‫‪5. Tentang Air yang Bercampur dengan Benda Suci‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Air yang Bercampur dengan Najis‬‬
‫‪7. Hukum Asal terhadap Air‬‬
‫‪8. Kaidah Jika Ragu Ketika Berthaharah‬‬

‫‪9‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫]‪[Bab tentang Bejana‬‬

‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﲏ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﲨ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺁﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹺﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴﺴ ﹶ‬
‫; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﴩ ﹸﺑﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ ﺁﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ ﱠ‬
‫))ﻻ ﺗ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧ ﹶﹾﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹺﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹺﺻ ﹶﺤ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬
‫‪1. Hukum Asal terhadap Bejana‬‬
‫‪2. Hukum Bejana Emas dan Perak‬‬
‫‪3. Ketentuan Tentang Pembolehan Penggunaan Perak untuk Menambal‬‬
‫‪Bejana‬‬

‫‪Bab Istinja dan Etika‬‬
‫‪dalam Hal Membuang Hajat‬‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﴪ￯‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺀ‪ :‬ﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ ﹶﺃ ﹸﻋ ﹸ‬
‫ﺚ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﺒﺚ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﻗ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹸﻏ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺮﺍﻧ ﹶﹶﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳊﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺫ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﱢﻨﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺫ￯ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﲏ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾﹶﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ￯‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺼ ﹸﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻠﻮﺳﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟﻠﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱰ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤﺎﺋﹺ ﹴﻂ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻌ ﹸﺪ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾﴤ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻮﺱ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳏ ﱢﻞ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺖ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﺠﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹶﳏ ﱟﻞ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺆﺫﻱ ﺑﹺﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹺﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺒﹺ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺪﺑﹺ ﹸﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹾﹶﻴ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻂ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺒﹺ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﺎﺋﹺ ﹴﻂ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺪﺑﹺ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﴍ ﹸﻗﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﱢﺮ ﹸﺑﻮﺍ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﴣ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺠﺎ ﹴﺭ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺗ ﹶﻨ ﱢﻘﻲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺤ ﱠﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺠﻰ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﺼ ﹸﺎﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹸﺮ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻈﺎ ﹺﻡ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹸﺣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Beberapa Etika Masuk WC
Beberapa Etika Keluar WC
Kaifiyah Duduk Ketika Membuang Hajat
Tentang Menutup Aurat
Tentang Menjauh Ketika Membuang Hajat
Tempat-Tempat yang Diharamkan untuk Membuang Hajat
Seputar Menghadap Atau Membelakangi Kiblat Ketika Membuang
Hajat
8. Ketentuan Penggunaan Batu Saat Istijmâr
9. Perbedaan Penggunaan Batu dan Penggunaan Air
10. Hal-Hal yang Tidak Boleh Dipakai untuk Ber-Istijmâr

Pasal [Menghilangkan Najis
dan Hal-hal yang Bersifat Najis]

‫ﻴﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺠﺎﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻏﺴ ﹺﻞ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹾﱠﻮ ﹺ‬، ‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻥ‬
‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬، ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒﻘ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹺﺔ‬،‫ﺏ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﺰ ﹶ‬:‫ﲑ ﹺﻫﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
.‫ﻭﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺤ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﱰ ﹾﻁ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻉ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹰﺩﺍ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻏ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ ﹶﻓﺎﺷﹾ ﹶﱰ ﹶﹶﻁ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﺒ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻏﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹴ‬،‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠﺐ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫]ﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﱰ ﹺ‬
‫ ﹺ‬.‫ﹶﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‬
‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ ﺑﹺ ﱡ‬،‫ﺕ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
[‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹺﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺠ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‬
.‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻝ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻣ ﱢﻲ‬
.‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺬ ﹶﺭﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺴ ﹺ‬
.‫ﲑ‬
‫ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻔﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﱠ‬، ‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
12

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻘﻰ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﺤﻢﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺡ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻕ‪ .‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹲﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺠﺎﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﹶﺑﻮ ﹸﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺙ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺣﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺮ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻧ ﹺﹶﺠ ﹶﺴ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻚ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺩﻣ ﱢﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺳﺎﺋ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﻷ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺮﺍ ﹶﺩ ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮﺓﹲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹾ]ﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪[٣ :‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹸﺣ ﱢﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :-‬ﹾ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﺣﻴﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺍﳌ ﹾﺆﻣ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﱢﻴ ﹰﺘﺎ((‪.‬‬
‫))ﺃ ﹺﺣ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻣﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺄ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﺤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬﻲ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺕ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮﺓﹲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺙ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﻨﹺﻲ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻣﻲ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﺎﻫ ﹲﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ -‬ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻃ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻙ ﹶﻳﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻡ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﻐ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻌ ﹶﺎﻡ ﻟﹺﺸﹶ ﻬﻮ ﹴﺓ‪ :‬ﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻀ ﹸﺢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ‪ ،‬ﺍ ﱠﻟﺬﻱ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹺﻞ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬

‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :-‬ﹸﻳﻐﹾ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺮ ﱡﺵ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹶﻼﻡﹺ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪13‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺢﹺ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺤ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﴬ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻮﻥ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺾ )) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﳋ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﴬ ﹺﻙ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻩ((‬
‫ﻴﻚ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹸﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱡ‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan dalam Hal Membuang Najis‬‬
‫‪2. Hal-Hal yang Dianggap Najis:‬‬
‫‪a. Kencing Manusia‬‬
‫‪b. Tinja Manusia‬‬
‫‪c. Darah‬‬
‫‪d. Kencing dan Kotoran dari Hewan yang Haram untuk Dimakan‬‬
‫‪e. Binatang Buas‬‬
‫)‪f. Bangkai (Kecuali Hal yang Diperkecualikan‬‬
‫‪Hukum Tentang Kotoran dan Kencing dari Hewan yang Boleh‬‬
‫‪Dimakan‬‬
‫‪Hukum Perihal Mani Manusia‬‬
‫‪Tentang Kencing Bayi Laki-Laki‬‬
‫‪Bila Ada Warna Atau Bau Najis yang Tidak Bisa Dihilangkan‬‬

‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪Bab Sifat Wudhu‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻱ ﹶﺭﻓ ﹶﹾﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻠﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺙ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻮ ﹸﺿﻮ ﹶﺀ ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍ ﹲﻁ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹴﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﳉ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻝ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻝ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱢﻨﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹴﺉ ﹶﻣﺎ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻮ￯(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪14‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺾ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺸﻖﹶ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﻼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ ﹶﻏﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹴ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺤ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺢ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺﺳ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ ‪ .‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹶﺘﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺻ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺧﻲ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺫﻧﹶﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﺑﹺﺈﹺﲠﺎ ﹶﻣﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻇ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺪﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺳ ﱠﺒ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺒ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﻤ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹸﺿ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺀ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹶﱢﺒ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻖ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺤﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻓﺎﻏﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻗ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺮ ﹸﺀ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺒ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﹺﺓ‪[٦ :‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺑﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻳﻞ ﹸﻋ ﹾﺮ ﹰﻓﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻀ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺾ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻃ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺍﻻﺓﹸ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Tentang Niat dalam Hal Berwudhu dan Mengangkat Hadats‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Kaifiyah Berwudhu‬‬
‫‪3. Fardhu-Fardhu Wudhu‬‬

‫‪15‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Pasal‬‬
‫]‪[Pengusapan Sepatu dan Pembalut Luka‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹸﺧ ﱠﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹸﻮ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹰﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹺﻘﻴﻢﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹴﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻴﺎﻟﹺﻴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩﻁ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻﻐﹶ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹴ‬
‫ﺲ ﹸﺧ ﱠﻔ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹾﺢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺲ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﺿﺄ ﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﺒﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﳜ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹴﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻞ ﹺﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺎﻛ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺤ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹲﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﴬ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﴪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹲﺍﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﺟ ﹾﺮﺡﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻀﺎﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺿﻮﺋﻪ ﹶﺟﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﺴ ﹸﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺴ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺙ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﺃ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻﻐﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜﹶﺮ ﹶﻇ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴﺢﹺ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﱠﻔ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﺮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﺓﹸ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﺒﹺ ﹶ‬

‫‪Syariat Tentang Pengusapan di Atas Kedua Sepatu‬‬
‫‪Jangka Waktu Pengusapan‬‬
‫‪Syarat Pembolehan Pengusapan‬‬
‫‪Syariat Pengusapan Hanya terhadap Hadats Asghar‬‬
‫‪Syariat dan Ketentuan Pengusapan di Atas Pembalut Luka‬‬
‫‪Cara Pengusapan di Atas Kedua Sepatu dan Pembalut Luka‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪16‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪Bab Pembatal-pembatal Wudhu‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﹺﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﺝ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹸﻮ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺜ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﹶﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹺﹾﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﳊﻢﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻛ ﹸﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﺰﻭ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱡﺲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺﺸﹶ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱡﺲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮﺝﹺ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗﹶﻐﹾ ﺴ ﹸ ﱢ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮ ﱠﺩﺓﹸ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹸ ﹾﲢﺒﹺ ﹸﻂ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻝ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹲﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻂ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺀ ﴾‬

‫ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﹺﺓ‪[٦ :‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹶﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮ ﱠﺿ ﹸﺄ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﳊﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﻧ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹾﻢ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫))ﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏﺎﺋﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﱠﻔ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻂ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻝ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﻮﻡﹴ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﹾﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱡﻱ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺤ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪17‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫?‪1. Kapan Suatu Hal Dianggap Sebagai Pembatal Wudhu‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Pembatal-Pembatal Wudhu:‬‬
‫‪Segala Sesuatu yang Keluar dari Dua Jalan‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Keluarnya Darah yang Banyak dan Semisalnya‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Hilangnya Kesadaran‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Makan Daging Unta‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Menyentuh Perempuan dengan Syahwat‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Menyentuh Kemaluan‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Memandikan Jenazah‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫)‪Murtad (Keluar dari Islam‬‬

‫‪o‬‬

‫‪Bab Hal-hal yang Mewajibkan Seseorang‬‬
‫‪untuk Mandi dan Kaifiyah Mandi Janabah‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎﺑ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﹾﺰ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﺘﺎﻧ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻨ ﱢﻲ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻁﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺝ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹺﻬ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺕ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ‬

‫ﹸﻛ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻨ ﹰﺒﺎ ﹶﻓ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﱠﻬ ﹸﺮﻭﺍ ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪[٦ :‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹸﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻄ ﹸﻬ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻄ ﱠﻬ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺄﺗ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﴾ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺔ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪ ، [٢٢٢ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻱ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻞ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺗﹶﻐﹾ ﺴ ﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ ﱡ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪18‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ ﹸﻏ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹰﻻ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﻳ ﹶﺘﻮ ﱠﺿ ﹸﺄ ﻭ ﹸﺿﻮ ﹰﺀﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳛﺜﹺﻲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺﺳ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮ ﹺﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺳﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺤ ﱟﻞ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻏﺴ ﹸﻞ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹺﻔﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺜﹺﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺖ ﱡ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫‪1. Rincian Hal-Hal yang Mewajibkan Seseorang untuk Mandi‬‬
‫‪2. Tata Cara Mandi Wajib Secara Sempurna‬‬
‫‪3. Tata Cara Mandi Wajib Secara Cukup/Sah‬‬

‫‪Bab Tayammum‬‬

‫ﱠﺎﲏ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻉ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬

‫ﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗﹶﻌ ﱠﺬﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﹺﻌ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻝ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹲﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻀ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺧﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹶﲈﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﴐ ﹴﺭ ﺑﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫‪19‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﺍﺏ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺙ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻱ ﹶﺭﻓ ﹶﹾﻊ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺍﺏ ﺑﹺﻴ ﹶﺪﻳ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﴬ ﹶﺏ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻬ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺢ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹶ‬
‫ﴐ ﹶﺏ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺪﺍ ﹶﻃﻴﺒﺎ ﹶﻓﺎﻣﺴ ﹸﺤﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﻮ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﲡ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹰﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻴ ﱠﻤ ﹸﻤﻮﺍ ﹶﺻﻌ ﹰ ﱢ ﹰ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮﺝﹴ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻴ ﹶﻄ ﱢﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹸﻴﺘﹺ ﱠﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫ﻧﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺗﹶﺸﹾ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﹺﺓ‪[٦ :‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻄ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹺﻄ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﻗﺒ ﹺﲇ‪ :‬ﻧ ﹺﹸﴫ ﹸﺕ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺮ ﹾﻋ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹾﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻬ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹺ ﹶﱄ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻣﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹲﺪ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧﺒﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺣ ﱠﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹺ ﹶﱄ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻨﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱡﻳ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬ ﹰ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹰﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﲇ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹺﻄ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺚ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻣﻪ ﹶﺧ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹾﺜ ﹸﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺎﻣ ﹰﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹲﺙ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﻐﹶ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳛ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﲇ‪.‬‬

‫ﻮﻑ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻄ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺼ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻤ ﱠ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪20‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹲﺙ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳﻘﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﹶﺷﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻳ ﹾﻠﺒ ﹸﺚ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﻭ ﹸﺿ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﺋﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹸﹶﺼ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻃ ﹸﺆ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪Tayammum Adalah Thaharah Kedua Bila Air Tidak Ada‬‬
‫?‪Kapan Tayammum Disyariatkan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Tanah Sebagai Pengganti Air dalam Tayammum‬‬
‫‪Tata Cara Bertayammum‬‬
‫?‪Apa yang Tidak Boleh Dilakukan Oleh Orang yang Berhadats Kecil‬‬
‫?‪Apa yang Tidak Boleh Dilakukan Oleh Orang yang Berhadats Besar‬‬
‫?‪Apa yang Tidak Boleh Dilakukan Oleh Perempuan Haidh dan Nifas‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬

‫‪Bab Haidh‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹲ‬
‫ﺾ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺣ ﱟﺪ ﻟﹺ ﹺﺴ ﱢﻨ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻜ ﱡﺮ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹶﺒﻖﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘﻄ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻳﺴ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪21‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
.‫ﺲ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶ ﹶﲥﺎ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﲡﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
.‫ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾﲤﻴﹺﻴ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻫﺎ‬،‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩﺓﹲ‬

‫ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﺴ ﹺ‬،‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶ ﹾﲤﻴﹺ ﹲﻴﺰ‬
‫ ﹺﺳ ﱠﺘ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‬:‫ﺎﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﺎﻟﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ ﹶ‬
.‫ــﻢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸ‬

1. Asal Darah yang Keluar dari Perempuan
2. Umur Berapa Seorang Perempuan Mengalami Haidh Pertama dan
Terakhir?
3. Berapa Kadar dan Jangka Waktu Haidh Perempuan?
4. Berapa Jumlah Batasan Pengulangan Haidh?
5. Istihadhah dan Ketentuannya
6. Berapa Lama Masa Haidh Perempuan Saat Istihadhah?
7. Perbedaan dan Ketentuan-Ketentuan Kebiasaan dan Tamyiz

df

22

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]÷‪ÏŽ ¯ˇí‬‬
‫^‪Ć h‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB SHALAT‬‬

‫]‪[Syarat-syarat Shalat‬‬

‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫• ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﴍﻭﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹸﺩ ﹸﺧ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹺﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﹾﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹴﺮﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻛ ﹸﻄﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﻟﺖ ﱠ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻇ ﱡﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ‬
‫ﴫ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﴬ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﻧﹺﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻐ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﺒﺢﹺ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺐ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺓ ﱡ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻃ ﹸﻠﻮﻉﹺ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹸﻠ ﹺﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬
‫‪23‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺩﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻙ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓﹶ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻙ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻙ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻀ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻌ ﹾﺬ ﹴﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻌ ﹾﺬ ﹴﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‪ :‬ﹶﺳ ﹶﻔ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻄ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻷﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺗﻘﹾﺪ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺸ ﱠﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺷ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺑ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺩﻭﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹺﺷ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻴﺢﹺ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻢ((‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹲﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻀﺎﺅﹸ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹰﺭﺍ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹰﱢﺒﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ‪ ،‬ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻂ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﴘ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰﺗﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰﺗﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴐ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒﺎﺡﹴ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﹸﻒ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺳ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﴩﺓﹶ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻮﺍﻉﹴ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﻐﹶ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻈ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﹶﻋﻮﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹸ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹺ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹲﺓ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺮﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒﺎﻟﻐﹶ ﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹶﳐ ﱠﻔ ﹶﻔ ﹲﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹶﻋ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻊ ﹺﺳﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮ ﱢﺳ ﹶﻄ ﹲﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺍﻫ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴪﺓ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱡ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺠ ﹴﺪ ﴾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺑﻨﹺﻲ ﺁ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻡ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﹺﺯﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺮﺍﻑ‪[٣١ :‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫•‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﹺﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹾ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻮ ﱢﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹺﻡ ﴾‬

‫]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[١٥٠ ،١٤٩ :‬‬

‫ﺍﺟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻂ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﺗﹶﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﹺﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﹺﳌﹶ ﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﲨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻓﺎ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﴾ ]ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹸﺑﻦ‪[١٦ :‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺭ ﹺ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﻠﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹾﺖ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺔ((‬
‫))ﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ‬
‫• ﹶﻭﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﺿ ﹴﻊ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺼ ﱡﺢ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹶﳏ ﱟﻞ ﻧ ﹺﹶﺠ ﹴ‬
‫ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣﻐﹾ ﹸﺼ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﺏ‪.‬‬

‫ﹾﱪ ﹴﺓ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣﻘ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪﺎ ﹴﻡ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺﺑﹺ ﹴﻞ‬

‫ﻮﻋﺎ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﱪ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﲈ ﹶﻡ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ﱢ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱢﻱ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﺽ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹲﺪ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻘ ﹶ ﹶ‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

1. Syarat Tentang Thaharah terhadap Shalat
2. Syarat Tentang Masuknya Waktu Shalat
3. Dalil dan Rincian Waktu-Waktu Shalat
4. Bila Seseorang Masih Sempat Mengerjakan Satu Rakaat pada Akhir
Waktu Shalat
5. Hukum Tentang Pengakhiran Waktu Shalat
6. Kapan Menjamak Dua Shalat Disyariatkan?
7. Mendahulukan Shalat pada Awal Waktunya
8. Mengakhirkan Shalat Isya
9. Mengakhirkan Shalat Dhuhur Saat Cuaca Sangat Panas
10. Mengqhada Shalat dan Ketentuannya
11. Syarat Tentang Menutup Aurat untuk Shalat
12. Ketentuan Tentang Menutup Aurat
13. Pembagian Aurat Manusia
14. Syarat Tentang Menghadap Kiblat untuk Shalat
15. Bila Seseorang Tidak Mampu Menghadap Kiblat
16. Haruskah Menghadap Kiblat Saat Mengerjakan Shalat Sunnah di Atas
Kendaraan?
17. Syarat Niat Shalat
18. Syarat Tempat Shalat
19. Kaidah dalam Hal Tempat Shalat
20. Tempat-Tempat Terlarang untuk Mengerjakan Shalat

Bab Sifat Shalat

.‫ﰐ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹴﺭ‬
‫ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳﻢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
، ‫ﺍﷲﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬،‫ﺍﷲﹺ‬
‫ ﺑﹺ ﹾ‬:‫ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺﱄ ﹸﺫﻧ ﹺ‬
.‫ﲪﺘﹺ ﹶﻚ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹶﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻮﰊ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺢ ﹺﱄ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬
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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻴﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ ﻟﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﹾ‬

‫ﴪ￯ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺨ ﹸﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻀ ﹺﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻚ(( ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‬
‫))ﻭﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺢ ﹺﱄ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺬ ﹺﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻜﺒﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻤ ﹺﺔ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺫﻧﹶﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺿ ﹶﻊ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﻛﻮﻉﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﱡ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻓ ﹺﹾﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺤ ﹾﺖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱢﻲ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﴪ￯‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻀ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﴎﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺻ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻕ ﹸ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ ﹶﺟ ﱡﺪ ﹶﻙ‪،‬‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤﺎﻧ ﹶﹶﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻤﺪ ﹶﻙ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻙ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻙ(( ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻮ ﹸﺫ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻞ‪.‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﲢ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭ ﹶﻟﻴ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﻘﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹰﺓ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺑﺎﻋ ﱠﻴﺔ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹶﻼﺛ ﱠﻴﺔ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻃ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺼ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺼﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻭﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹰﻼ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹶﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﴪ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶ ﹶﳖ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹺ ﱡ‬

‫ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﻳ ﹶﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺮ ﹸﻛﻮﻉﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹸ ﱢﹸ‬
‫ﱪﻟ ﱡ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻀ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻪ ﹺﺣ ﹶﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻇ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﰊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻈﻴﻢﹺ (( ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢﺮ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤﺎﻧ ﹶﹶﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺑ ﹶﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻛﻮﻋﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺠﻮﺩﻩ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻙ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺﱄ(( ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺴ ﹲﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻊ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻊ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ((‪ .‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹰﺩﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻗﺎﺋ ﹰﻼ‪ :‬ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻞ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﹶﻃ ﱢﻴ ﹰﺒﺎ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹰ‬
‫))ﺭ ﱠﺑ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹰﻛﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣ ﹾﻞ ﹶﺀ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻞ ﹶﺀ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻞ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺌ ﹶﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ((‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻀﺎﺋﻪ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﺕ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹸﻈﻢﹴ ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹺﹾﻔ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ((‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻬﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺷ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﰊ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲆ((‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬

‫ﱪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ￯‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺼ ﹸﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻻﻓ ﹺﹾﱰ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺍﺵ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟﻠﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳚﻠ ﹸ‬

‫ﻴﻊ ﹺﺟ ﹾﻠﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮ ﱠﺭ ﹸﻙ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹺﻠﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﴪ￯ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻳ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳜ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪)) :‬ﺭ ﱢﺏ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔﺮ ﹺﱄ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﺭ ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﲏ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲪﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻫﺪ ﹺﲏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺭﺯﹸ ﹾﻗﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺎﻓﻨﹺﻲ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﻳﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹸﺪ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧﹺﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﱃ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﱪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﺻ ﹸﺪﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬
‫ﺾ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧﹺﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﱃ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹺﻠﺲ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻚ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‪)) :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﱢﻴ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑﺮ ﹶﻛﺎﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻋﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺔ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ((‪.‬‬
‫‪29‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﱪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﲢ ﹺﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﻳ ﹶﺘﺸﹶ ﱠﻬ ﹸﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﻚ‬
‫))ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺻ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺁﻝ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺻ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺁﻝ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺍﻫ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﳎ ﹲﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹾﻙ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸ ﹶﳏﻤ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹲﻴﺪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﻚ‬
‫ﺁﻝ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺁﻝ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺍﻫ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹲﻴﺪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳎ ﹲﻴﺪ ((‪.‬‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺫ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺬ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺬ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹸﻋ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻓ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻴﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﲈ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﱠﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻓ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺴﻴﺢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻋﻮ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺐ‪.‬‬

‫ﲪ ﹸﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱢﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﻭﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﺣ ﹾﺠ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻮﻟﹺﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹸ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﲢ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻣﻮﻡﹴ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪30‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹶﻝ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻜﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑﺍﺕ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﻛﻮﻉﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﰊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻈﻴﻢﹺ (( ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲆ(( ﹶﻣﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﰊ ﹾﹶ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺪﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺓﹰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺓﹰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻨ ﹲ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪.‬‬
‫))ﺭ ﱢﺏ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺﱄ(( ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻊ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ(( ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻺ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹺﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﺭ ﱠﺑ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ(( ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﺍ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳉ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹸﻩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻂ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻂ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹰﻮﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻬ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹸ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﹸﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻠﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻤ ﹲﻞ ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺄﻧﹺﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﳖﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺮﺓﹶ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﺳﺒ ﹺﻎ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹸﺿﻮ ﹶﺀ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺒﹺ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﱢﱪ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻗﺮ ﹾﺃ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺗﹶﻴﴪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻚ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺭ ﹶﻛﻊ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄﻤﺌﹺ ﱠﻦ ﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻛ ﹰﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾﺍﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻊ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹰﲈ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺍ ﹾﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹶﻤﺌﹺ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹰﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾﺍﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻊ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹶﻤﺌﹺ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺟﺎﻟﹺ ﹰﺴﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺍ ﹾﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹶﻤﺌﹺ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻓ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹾﻞ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺻ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﲏ ﹸﺃ ﹶﺻ ﱢﲇ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬

‫‪31‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻍ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻭﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻚ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹲﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻧ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹸﺒ ﹸﺪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺜ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹸ ﹾﳐ ﹺﻠ ﹺﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹲﻳﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﲤ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹺﺎﺋ ﹺﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻭﺍﺗﹺ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱠﻛ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹲ‬
‫ﴩ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺣ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻈ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺑﻌ ﹶﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ‬
‫ﺏ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪Etika dalam Hal Mendatangi Shalat‬‬
‫‪Etika dalam Hal Memasuki Masjid‬‬
‫‪Rincian Kaifiyah Shalat‬‬
‫‪Rukun Berdiri untuk Mengerjakan Shalat‬‬
‫‪Rukun Takbiratul Ihram‬‬
‫‪Tentang Mengangkat Tangan Ketika Takbir dan Kaifiyahnya‬‬
‫‪Tempat-Tempat Pengangkatan Tangan‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

8. Syariat Tentang Meletakkan Tangan Kanan di Atas Tangan Kiri
9. Posisi Tangan Saat Berdiri
10. Perihal Doa Istiftah
11. Tentang Ta’awwudz
12. Perihal Membaca Basmalah
13. Rukun Tentang Membaca Al-Fathihah
14. Tentang Membaca Surah Bersama Al-Fathihah pada Dua Rakaat
Pertama
15. Penjelasan Sebagian Bacaan Shalat
16. Kapan Bacaan Surah Dijaharkan?
17. Tentang Takbir Perpindahan
18. Rukun dan Kaifiyah Ruku’
19. Tentang Bacaan Ruku’
20. Rukun I’tidal
21. Perihal Bacaan I’tidal
22. Rukun dan Kaifiyah Sujud
23. Tentang Bacaan Sujud
24. Rukun dan Kaifiyah Duduk Antara Dua Sujud
25. Kaidah Kaifiyah Duduk Shalat
26. Tentang Duduk Tawarruk
27. Perihal Bacaan Duduk Antara Dua Sujud
28. Rukun Sujud Kedua
29. Tentang Duduk Istirahat dan Kaifiyahnya
30. Penjelasan Tentang Kesamaan Rakaat Kedua dan Rakaat Pertama
31. Tentang Duduk Tasyahud Awal
32. Perihal Bacaan Tasyahud Awal
33. Tentang Bacaan Al-Fatihah Semata pada Rakaat Ketiga dan Keempat
34. Rukun dan Kaifiyah Tasyahud Akhir
35. Perihal Bacaan Tasyahud Akhir
36. Tentang Bacaan Shalawat
37. Perihal Doa Tentang Perlindungan terhadap Empat Perkara
38. Tentang Berdoa Sebelum Salam
39. Rukun dan Kaifiyah Salam
40. Penjelasan Rukun-Rukun Bacaan Shalat
<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄

33

S

‫‪41. Penjelasan Rukun-Rukun Gerakan Shalat‬‬
‫‪42. Penjelasan Kewajiban-Kewajiban Shalat‬‬
‫‪43. Kaidah Seputar Hal Meninggalkan Rukun dan Kewajiban Shalat‬‬
‫‪44. Sunnah-Sunnah Shalat‬‬
‫‪45. Rukun Tuma’ninah Shalat‬‬
‫‪46. Perihal Bacaan Selepas Shalat‬‬
‫‪47. Tentang Shalat Sunnah Rawatib‬‬

‫‪Bab Sujud Sahwi, Sujud Tilawah,‬‬
‫‪dan Sujud Syukur‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻉ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹲ‬

‫ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹶﹾﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺠﻮ ﹰﺩﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻗ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹰﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹰﻮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹴﺓ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻛ ﹰ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺴ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻮ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻧﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠﺺ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺭﺍﺕ‪ :‬ﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﺑﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹰﺒﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﲥﺎ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹰﻮﺍ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﺼ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻚ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺯ ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹴﺓ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻧﻘ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺖ ﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺫ ﱠﻛ ﹸﺮﻭ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﱠﻤ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺴ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﻳﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓﹸ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ))ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱡ‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻙ؟ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹺﺯ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺪﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻚ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹰﻌﺎ؟‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻦ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺪﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺮﺡﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﱠﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪34‬‬

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‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺸﻴ ﹶﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ‪ .‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻥ((‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶ ﹶﲤﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﻧ ﹶﺘﺎ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﻏ ﹰﻴﲈ ﻟ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺧﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱡﻦ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻭﺓ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﺉ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻤ ﹺﻊ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹶﲡ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﻧﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍﻧ ﹶﹾﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﻧﹺﻘ ﹶﹾﻤ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺳ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﹸﺷ ﹾﻜ ﹰﺮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻜ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻛﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜﻢ ﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪Syariat Sujud Sahwi‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Mewajibkan Seseorang untuk Sujud Sahwi‬‬
‫‪Apabila Seseorang Lupa Bertasyahud Awal‬‬
‫‪Tentang Sujud Sahwi Sebelum Atau Setelah Salam‬‬
‫‪Syariat Sujud Tilawah‬‬
‫‪Pensyariatan Sujud Tilawah untuk Pembaca dan Pendengar Al-Qur`An,‬‬
‫‪Baik di dalam Maupun di Luar Shalat‬‬
‫‪7. Syariat Sujud Syukur‬‬
‫‪8. Ketentuan Sujud Syukur‬‬

‫‪Bab Hal-hal yang Membatalkan‬‬
‫‪dan Memakruhkan Shalat‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﺒ ﹸﻄ ﹸﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﴍ ﹴﻁ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹰﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻬ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺﻙ ﹸﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹴﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ‪.‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﺭ ﹴﺓ ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺓ ﹸﻋ ﹾﺮ ﹰﻓﺎ‪ ،‬ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮﺍﻟﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﴐ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻛﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺜ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹺﺧﲑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﹶﺘ ﱡﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱠﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻄ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ((‬
‫ﺍﺧﺘﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹲﺱ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻠ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻪ ﱠ‬
‫))ﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺒ ﹸﺚ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿ ﹸﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴏ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗﹶﺸﹾ ﺒﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻚ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺻﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹺﻠﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻘ ﹺﹾﻌﻴﺎ ﹶﻛﺈﹺ ﹾﻗﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘﺒﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻬ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﺒ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻣﺸﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻐ ﹲﻞ ﺑﹺﻤ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺒﺜ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴬ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹴﻡ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻬ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴬ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌﺎﻡﹴ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧﺒﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺪﺍﻓ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺵ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻞ ﹺﺫﺭ ﹶﺍﻋﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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1. Hal-Hal yang Membatalkan Shalat
2. Rincian Pembatal-Pembatal Shalat:
Meninggalkan Rukun Atau Syarat, Padahal Mampu
Meninggalkan Kewajiban Secara Sengaja
Sengaja Berbicara
Sengaja Berdehem
Bergerak yang Banyak Atau Berturut-Turut Tanpa Ada Keharusan
3. Hal-Hal yang Memakruhkan Shalat:
Menoleh
Berbuat Sia-Sia
Meletakkan Tangan Kanan di Atas Tulang Rusuk
Menyilangkan Jari-Jemari
Duduk Iq’â`
Menghadap ke Arah Sesuatu yang Melalaikan
Menahan Hajat yang Akan Keluar dan Ketika Makanan Telah
Dihidangkan
Menghamparkan Kedua Tangan Ketika Sujud

Bab Shalat Tathawwu`

‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜﺴ ﹺ‬
[‫ﻮﻑ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬

[Tentang Shalat Gerhana]

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜﺴ ﹺ‬:‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺁﻛ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻑ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
.‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗ ﹶﹸﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
:‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﺔ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺮ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ‬
‫))ﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱠﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻊ ﺳ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹴ‬,‫ﲔ‬
.‫ﺍﺕ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻌﺎﺕ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
1. Tentang Shalat Gerhana Sebagai Shalat Sunnah yang Muakkadah
2. Kaifiyah Shalat Gerhana
<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄

37

S

‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺗ ﹺﺮ[‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫]‪[Tentang Shalat Witir‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺗ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺳ ﱠﻨ ﹲﺔ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱠﻛ ﹶﺪﺓﹲ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺩ ﹶﺍﻭ ﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴬﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻔ ﹰﺮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶ ﹰ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹸﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ￯ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩﺓﹶ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹸﻃ ﹸﻠﻮﻉﹺ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪)) :‬ﺍﺟﻌ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ ﹺﻭ ﹾﺗ ﹰﺮﺍ((‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻮﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴﻮﺗﹺ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠﻴ ﹺﻞ‪ .‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻣﺸﹾ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹶﺩﺓﹲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ((‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴﻮﺗ ﹾﺮ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪Shalat Witir Adalah Sunnah Muakkadah‬‬
‫‪Anjuran untuk Mengerjakannya‬‬
‫‪Jumlah Rakaat Minimal untuk Shalat Witir‬‬
‫‪Jumlah Rakaat Maksimal untuk Shalat Witir‬‬
‫‪Waktu Pelaksanaan Shalat Witir‬‬
‫‪Tentang Shalat Witir pada Akhir Malam‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﹺﺴ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ[‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫]‪[Tentang Shalat Meminta Hujan‬‬

‫ﺍﺿ ﹸﻄﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻔﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻘﺎﺀ‪ :‬ﹸﺳ ﱠﻨ ﹲﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺗ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺼ ﹶﻼﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻌﻴﺪ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺝ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺨﺸﱢ ﹰﻌﺎ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺬ ﱢﻟ ﹰﻼ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﴬ ﹰﻋﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹸﺐ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜﺜﹺﺮ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺍﻻﺳﺘﹺﻐﹾ ﹶﻔﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻗﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺓ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻣ ﹸﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻠ ﱡﺢ ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻄ ﹸﺊ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﻓﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻊ ﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒﻐﻲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺﻐﹾ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹸﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻈﺎﱂﹺ ﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﺏ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺟﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺩ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱢﻨﻘ ﹶﹾﻤ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻠﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺟﺎﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹰﺔ ﻟ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪39‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪1. Syariat dan Ketentuan Seputar Meminta Hujan‬‬
‫‪2. Tempat Pelaksanaan Shalat Meminta Hujan‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Etika Ketika Keluar untuk Mengerjakan Shalat‬‬
‫‪Kaifiyah Shalat Meminta Hujan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Khutbah Setelah Shalat‬‬
‫‪Perihal Memperbanyak Istigfar‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Etika dalam Berdoa‬‬
‫‪Kesunnahan Melakukan Sebab-Sebab yang Menolak Kejelekan dan‬‬
‫‪Mendatangkan Rahmat‬‬

‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻲ[‬
‫]ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹸ‬

‫]‪[Waktu-waktu Terlarang‬‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻬﻲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻞ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹾﻣﺢﹴ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﺗ ﹺﹶﻔ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﴫ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹸﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﺰ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻗ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻛﺒﹺﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪1. Ketentuan Waktu-Waktu Terlarang‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Waktu-Waktu Terlarang‬‬

‫‪Bab Shalat Berjamaah dan Perihal Keimaman‬‬

‫ﺽ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺼ ﹶﻠﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﴬﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻔ ﹰﺮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺣ ﹶ ﹰ‬
‫ﲔﻟ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺎﻡ‬
‫ﳘ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺖ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﺁﻣ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹺﻠﻖﹶ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺣ ﹶﺰ ﹲﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻄ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺁﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰﻼ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺆ ﱡﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪40‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﲥ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻨﺎ ﹺﺭ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺄ ﹶﺣ ﱢﺮ ﹶﻕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻴ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﻣ ﹲﺎﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻣ ﹲ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺐ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫))ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﱢﺬ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹾﺒ ﹴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹰﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺻ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺘ ﹶﲈ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺣﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹾﹶﻴ ﹸﺘ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﻧﹶﺎﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪﻭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ ﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﺆﺗ ﱠﹶﻢ ﺑﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹸﻌﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹶﻛ ﹸﻌﻮﺍ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻊ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﱪﻭﺍ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹶﹸﻜ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻊ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻘﻮ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺑ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹸﺠ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗﹶﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﻳﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹶﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﲨ ﹸﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹰﺩﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﻴﺤ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬

‫ﺎﺏ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻳ ﹸﺆ ﱡﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮﺅﹸ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹺﺓ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹰﺀ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹰﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻣ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻫ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮﺓﹰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺄ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴ ﱠﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻄﺎﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾﺍﳍ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹰﺀ ﹶﻓﺄ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻣ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹰﲈ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺳﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺆ ﱠﻣ ﱠﻦ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻳﻘ ﹸﹾﻌ ﹾﺪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻣﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪41‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﻮﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺍﺹ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻣ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﱰ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹶﻝ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹺﻝ‪.‬‬

‫ﻒ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶﻓﺬﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﱢ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻋ ﹾﺬ ﹴﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻒ ﱠ‬

‫))ﺻ ﱠﻠﻴ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺫ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻘ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺃ ﹺﳼ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭﺍﺋﹺﻲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺎﻣ ﹸﺸﻮﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﴪ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻓﺎﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹺ ﱡﲤﻮﺍ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱢ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻊ ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰﻣﺬ ﱢﻱ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻢ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻊ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ((‪.‬‬

‫‪Hukum Shalat Berjamaah‬‬
‫‪Jumlah Makmum yang Minimal untuk Shalat Berjamaah‬‬
‫‪Keutamaan Memperbanyak Jamaah‬‬
‫‪Tentang Menghadiri Shalat Berjamaah bagi Seseorang yang Telah‬‬
‫‪Menunaikan Shalat‬‬
‫‪5. Kewajiban dan Ketentuan Perihal Mengikuti Imam‬‬
‫‪6. Kriteria Prioritas dalam Penentuan Imam‬‬
‫‪7. Tentang Posisi Imam Bersama Makmum‬‬
‫‪8. Ketentuan Bershaf bagi Para Makmum‬‬
‫‪9. Hukum Perihal Shaf yang Hanya Diisi Seorang Makmum‬‬
‫‪10. Bila Hanya Seorang, Bagaimana Makmum Bershaf Bersama Imam‬‬
‫‪11. Cara Bermakmum bagi Orang yang Masbuk‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪42‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪Bab Shalat Orang-orang yang Berudzur‬‬

‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺾ[‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫]‪[Tentang Shalat Orang Yang Sakit‬‬

‫ﻮﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﺾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻔﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻀ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶﺟﺎﻟﹺ ﹰﺴﺎ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻖ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻨ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺻ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹰﲈ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻊ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹰﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻊ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻨ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹴﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﺎﺋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Udzur bagi Orang yang Sakit untuk Tidak Menghadiri Pelaksanaan Shalat‬‬
‫‪Berjamaah‬‬
‫‪2. Kaifiyah Shalat bagi Orang yang Sakit‬‬
‫‪3. Perihal Menjamak Shalat bagi Orang yang Sakit‬‬

‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﺮ[‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫]‪[Tentang Shalat Musafir‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﴫ ﻟﹺﻠﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﱡﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱡﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﹸ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹸﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫‪43‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪1. Tentang Menjamak Shalat bagi Musafir‬‬
‫‪2. Qashar Shalat bagi Musafir‬‬
‫‪3. Perihal Berbuka Puasa pada Bulan Ramadhan bagi Musafir‬‬

‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ[‬
‫]ﺻ ﹶﻼﺓ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫]‪[Tentang Shalat Khauf‬‬

‫ﺍﳋﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹴﺔ ﹶﺻ ﱠﻼ ﹶﻫﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺓ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺻﺎﻟﹺﺢﹺ ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺧﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻋ ﱠﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗﺎﻉﹺ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺓ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺫﺍﺕ ﱢ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ‬
‫))ﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﻃﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺻ ﱠﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺪ ﱢﻭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﺑﹺﺎ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺛﺒ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹰﲈ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶ ﱡﲤﻮﺍ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﴫ ﹸﻓﻮﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱡﻔﻮﺍ ﹺﻭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺪ ﱢﻭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹾﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻧ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧﺮ￯ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹺﲠﹺﻢ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺛﺒ ﹶﺖ ﹶﺟﺎﻟﹺﺴﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶ ﱡﲤﻮﺍ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹾﻢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻣ ﹸﺌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻑ‪ :‬ﹶﺻ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹰﺎﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺒﺎﻧﹰﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠﺔ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺮ ﹸﻛﻮﻉﹺ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﺧﺎﺋﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺣﺎﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺝ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ((‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮﺗ ﹸﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺﺄ ﹾﻣ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻓﺄﺗﹸﻮﺍ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪1. Syariat dan Ketentuan Shalat Khauf‬‬
‫‪2. Kaifiyah Shalat Khauf‬‬
‫‪3. Perihal Shalat Khauf pada Kondisi Genting‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪44‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪Bab Shalat Jum’at‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﻣﺴ ﹶﺘﻮ ﹺﻃ ﹰﻨﺎ ﺑﹺﺒﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹴ‬
‫ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﴍ ﹺﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﲪ ﱠﺮ ﹾﺕ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺐ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺶ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻏ ﹶﻀ ﹸﺒ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺬ ﹸﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﺻ ﱠﺒ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺴ ﹸﺎﻛ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻱ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻱ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﲥﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹴﺔ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻟ ﹲﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹸ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺛ ﹸ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﺖ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺪ‬
‫))ﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﱠﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺜﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻀ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹺﻠ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﳞ ﹺﺪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹶﻱ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹸﻃ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣﺌﹺ ﱠﻨ ﹲﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻓ ﹾﻘ ﹺﻬ ﹺﻪ((‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻗ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺓ ﱠ‬

‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶ ﹴ‬
‫ﱪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪45‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺆ ﱢﺫ ﹸﻥ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱢﺫ ﹸﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳚﻠ ﹸ‬

‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺨ ﹸﻄ ﹸﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳚﻠ ﹸ‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓﹸ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺎﻡ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹺﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﱃ ﺑﹺـ‪) :‬ﺳﺒﺢ(‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧﹺﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺑﹺـ‪) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻳﻘﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺷ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ(‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺـ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶ‬
‫)ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶﱢ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ( ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﻘ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻦ ﺛﹺ ﹶﻴﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﱢﻜ ﹶﺮ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﲔ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺖ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺒﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﺼ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﺤ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﺤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹸﺐ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻟﻐﹶ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺕ((‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹸﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻻ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺻ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪Golongan Orang yang Wajib Menghadiri Pelaksanaan Shalat Jum’at‬‬
‫‪Syarat-Syarat Penegakan Shalat Jum’at‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Khutbah Jum’at‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Shalat Jum’at‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Etika bagi Seseorang yang Ingin Mendatangi Pelaksanaan‬‬
‫‪Shalat Jum’at‬‬
‫‪6. Hukum Perihal Menghadiri Shalat Jumat‬‬

‫‪Bab Shalat ‘Iedain‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﳋ ﹸﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻮﺍﺗﹺﻖﹶ ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻥ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻝ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺼ ﱠﲆ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺓ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹾﺍﺭﺗﹺ ﹶﻔﺎﻉﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹾﻣﺢﹴ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﻨ ﹸﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹺﺠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺿ ﹶﺤﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺄﺧ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺘﻤﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹺﻭ ﹾﺗ ﹰﺮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹸﺮ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺧ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻈ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺐ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻦ ﺛﹺ ﹶﻴﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺐ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺫ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﱪ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﱃ‪ :‬ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻌﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻧﹺﻴ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴﺎﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ ﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺪ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﲇ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺭﺓﹰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﲢ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺮ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹺﺓ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹸﺨ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺘﻲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺐ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺒ ﹶﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﺮ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹴﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻨ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ‪:‬‬

‫ﴩ ﹺﺫﻱ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻜﺒﹺﲑ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻖ‪ :‬ﹶﻟﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺘﻲﹺ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺠ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻘﻴ ﹸﺪ‪ :‬ﹶﻋ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺐ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺠ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹺﻡ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫)ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﱠ ﹸ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬

‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ(‪.‬‬

‫‪Waktu Pelaksanaan Shalat ‘Id‬‬
‫‪Sunnah-Sunnah Seputar Dua Shalat ‘Id‬‬
‫‪Tata Cara Shalat ‘Id‬‬
‫‪Tata Cara Khutbah ‘Id‬‬
‫‪Tentang Takbir pada Hari ‘Id‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪df‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪48‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫^‪ł h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]‪<ŽàÒŽ^ˇflˇ¢‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬

‫‪KITAB JENAZAH‬‬

‫ﹶﺎﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻟ ﱢﻘ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺗ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺀﻭﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺗ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻛ ﹾﻢ ﻳﺲ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲡ ﹺﻬ ﹸﻴﺰ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩﻓﹾﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺖ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾﺴﻠﻪ ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﻜﻔﻴﻨﻪ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﴎ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳉ ﹶﻨﺎﺯﹶ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻚ ﹶﺻ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﴩ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻀ ﹸﻌﻮﻧ ﹸﹶﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻗﺎﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ((‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹶ ﱞ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹲﲑ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺪ ﹸﻣ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﳖﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﺲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹲﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﴣ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﲨ ﹶﻴﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﺐ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻔ ﹺﻦ‪ :‬ﹶﺛ ﹾﻮ ﹲﺏ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺱ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ ﱠ‬

‫ﱪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﲢ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹶ‬

‫ﲇ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫‪49‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﱪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻋﻮ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﱢ‬
‫ﲑﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺷ ﹺ‬
‫)ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱢﻴﺘﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻐ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﺪﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏﺎﺋﹺﺒﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮﻧﹶﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﺎﻧﹶﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﱠﻨﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺣﻴﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻼﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻓ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮ ﱠﻓ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻳﲈ ﹺﻥ(‪.‬‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹸﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹾﻡ ﻧ ﹸﹸﺰ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﱢﺳ ﹾﻊ‬
‫)ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺭ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﺩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻧ ﱢﻘ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﻮﺏ ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻨﻘﱠﻰ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻏﹾ ﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﺎﺀ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺜ ﹾﻠﺞﹺ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻮ ﹸﺏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔﺘﹺ ﱠﻨﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺾ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ(‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺑﻌ ﹶﺪ ﱡ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹰﻃﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻮﺍﻟﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻﻐ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻋﺎﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱢﺎﻡ‪) :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹾ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺫ ﹾﺧ ﹰﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺷﻔ ﹰﻴﻌﺎ ﹸ ﹶﳎﺎ ﹰﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺛ ﱢﻘ ﹾﻞ ﺑﹺﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹺﺯﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋﻈ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺﻪ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺﺤﻴﻢﹺ (‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻗ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪﺘﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺍﻫ ﹶ‬

‫ﱪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﹶﺷﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰﻼ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻨﺎﺯﹶ ﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻁ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎﺯﹶ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻤ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﹺﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ((‬
‫ﻴﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻈ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ )) ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ‪ :‬ﹸﳚ ﱠﹶﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﺺ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪50‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻓﺮ ﹶﻍ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺩﻓ ﹺﹾﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﹺﻔﺮﻭﺍ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹺﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻜ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺖ‪ .‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻥ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻝ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺤ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬

‫ﺎﺏ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺼ ﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹲﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻜﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ )) ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﺗ ﹶﹸﺬ ﱢﻛﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻵ ﹺﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﻭﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹸﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺯﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﺯﹶ ﹶﺍﺭ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧﱠﺎ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺩﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﺮ ﹶﺣ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺣ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ؛ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺄ ﹺﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱠﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔﺘﹺ ﱠﻨﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻏﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﹶﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻝ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﳊﻲ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻣﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺃ ﱡﻱ ﹸﻗ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺑﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻮ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﲠﺎ ﹶ ﱟ ﹾ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Perihal Talqin Lâ Ilâha Illallâh‬‬
‫‪2. Tentang Membaca Surah Yasin‬‬
‫‪3. Hukum Penyelenggaraan Jenazah‬‬
‫‪4. Ketentuan Kafan‬‬
‫‪5. Sifat Shalat Jenazah‬‬
‫‪6. Keutamaan Shalat Jenazah dan Penyaksian Penguburan Jenazah‬‬
‫‪7. Beberapa Larangan dalam Penguburan‬‬
‫‪8. Etika Setelah Penguburan‬‬
‫‪9. Hukum Takziyah‬‬
‫‪10. Hukum Tentang Menangisi Mayyit‬‬
‫‪11. Syariat dan Beberapa Etika Ziarah Kubur‬‬
‫?‪12. Apakah Amalan Orang yang Hidup Bisa Sampai kepada Mayyit‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪51‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫^‪ˇ à÷]<h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫‪ÏŽ ^“Ć‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB ZAKAT‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺣ ﱟﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻚ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺼﺎ ﹰﺑﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺯﹶ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﳛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺗﹶﺎﺑﹺ ﹰﻌﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺ‪,‬ﺓ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻮ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻝ‬
‫ﻞ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻨ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺼ ﹺ ‪,‬‬
‫ﻸ ﹾﺻ ﹺ ‪,‬‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺑﺢﹺ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹸﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻮﺍﻉﹴ‪:‬‬
‫ﲡ ﹸﺐ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻤ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧ ﹶﹾﻌﺎﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋ ﹶﻤﺔ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﲠﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺎ ﹺﺭﺝﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪52‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻋ ﹸﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬

‫‪1. Syarat-Syarat Kewajiban Zakat‬‬
‫‪2. Jenis Harta yang Terkena Kewajiban Zakat‬‬

‫]‪[Zakat Hewan Ternak‬‬

‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﺲ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻜ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺐ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﻳﻀ ﹸﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹴ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹴﻊ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﳖﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻨﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ‪ :‬ﹶﺷﺎﺓﹲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹸﺩ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﹶ ﹶﳐ ﹴ‬
‫ﲬ ﹴ‬
‫ﲬ ﹰﺴﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺽ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓﺎﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻟﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹴﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻟﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﲬ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺﺳﺘﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺣﻘ ﹲﱠﺔ ﹶﻃ ﹸﺮﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﺳ ﱢﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺﺳﺘﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺟ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻋ ﹲﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺳ ﱢﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﻟﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺗﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺﺳﺘﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺣ ﱠﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻃ ﹸﺮﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ￯ ﹶﻭﺗﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪53‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻟﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹺﺣﻘ ﹲﱠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲬ ﹺﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹲﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﱡ ﹶﲠﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻨﻢﹺ‬

‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﺷﺎﺓﹲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹶﺳﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻤﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺷﺎﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺙ ﹺﺷﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ ﹶﺷﺎﺓﹲ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺖ ﺳﺎﺋﹺﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻞ ﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻗ ﹶﺼ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺷﺎﺓﹰ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﱡ ﹶﲠﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱢﺮ ﹴﻕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺮ ﹸﻕ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸ ﹾﳎ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻤ ﹴﻊ ﹶﺧﺸﹾ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﱠ‬

‫ﲔ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹸﳖ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹶﱰ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹺﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻄ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴ ﹺﻮ ﱠﻳ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺍﺟ ﹶﻌﺎﻥ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹴﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺫ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳜ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺝ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﱠﻗ ﹺﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻲ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ ‪ :‬ﹸﺭ ﹾﺑ ﹸﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺗﹺﺴﻌ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﱡ ﹶﲠﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻭﻣﺎﺋ ﹲﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺴ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻋ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﴪﺗﹶﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺣﻘ ﹲﱠﺔ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹸﺗﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﳊﻘ ﹸﱠﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺷﺎﺗﹶﺎﻥ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻴ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﳘﹰﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪54‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﳊﻘ ﹺﱠﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﻴﺴ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺑ ﹶﻠﻐﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻘ ﹸﱠﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻳﻌ ﹺﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹸﺗﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﳘﹰﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷﺎﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺼ ﱢﺪ ﹸﻕ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﹾ‬

‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺚ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺫ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ ﺑ ﹶﻘﺮ ﹴﺓ‪ :‬ﹶﺗﺒﹺﻴﻌﺎ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺗﺒﹺﻴﻌ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺃﺭﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹰ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹸﻣﺴ ﱠﻨ ﹰﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬
‫‪1. Perihal Zakat Hewan Ternak‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Zakat Hewan Ternak‬‬

‫]‪[Zakat Barang Berharga‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺒ ﹸﻠﻎﹶ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻲ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹸﺭ ﹾﺑ ﹸﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Syari’at Zakat Barang Berharga‬‬
‫‪2. Beberapa Ketentuan Zakat Barang Berharga‬‬

‫]‪[Zakat Hasil Bumi‬‬

‫ﺍﳋﺎ ﹺﺭﺝﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹸﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱢﲈ ﹺﺭ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺳ ﹴﻖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪55‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺎﺏ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺤ ﹸﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺳ ﹸﻖ‪ :‬ﹺﺳ ﱡﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱢﲈ ﹺﺭ‪ :‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺛ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹺﹶﺔ ﹶﺻﺎ ﹴﻉ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺻ ﹰ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺼﺎﻉﹺ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹸﺀ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﴩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﺳ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻀﺢﹺ ‪ :‬ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﺜ ﹺﺮﻳﺎ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﴩ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻞ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻊ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺻ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺨ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹶﺚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺪ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹶﺚ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬
‫‪1. Syari’at Zakat Hasil Bumi‬‬
‫‪2. Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Zakat Hasil Bumi‬‬

‫]‪[Zakat Perniagaan‬‬

‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﺃ ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﺒﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹸﻋ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺑﺢﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺽ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺘ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩﺍﺀ ﻷ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻞ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹶﺣ ﱢﻆ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱠﻮ ﹸﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻓ ﱠﻀ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹸﺭ ﹾﺑ ﹸﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻻ ﻳﺮ ﹸﺟﻮ ﻭ ﹸﺟﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛﺎ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸ ﹶﳑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﴪ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹲﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹲ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﺯﹶ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﺓ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛﺎﺓﹸ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻂ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹺﺰ ﹸﺉ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻥ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻡ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﺭ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﱡﺑ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹺﺯ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ :‬ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹸﻤ ﹸ‬
‫))ﰲ ﱢ‬
‫‪Syariat Zakat Perniagaan‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Zakat Perniagaan‬‬
‫‪Perihal Zakat Piutang‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Etika dalam Pengeluaran Zakat‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Bab Zakat Fitri‬‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺯﹶ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹺﺮ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﻐ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﲤ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﻰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹸﺆ ﱠﺩ￯ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ((‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲡ ﹸﺐ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻣ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹶﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹰﻼ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺕ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻗ ﹴﻂ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺯﹶ ﺑﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﲤ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺑ ﱟﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﹲ‬

‫ﺍﻷﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹺﺧﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﻳﻮ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻃﻌﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺼﺎﺋﹺﻢﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠﻐﹾ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺩ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ‬
‫))ﻃ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹰﺓ ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ((‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﺯﹶ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹲﺓ ﹶﻣﻘ ﹸﹾﺒﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹲﺔ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺩ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻼﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺳﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹲﺔ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻈ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻇ ﱢﻠ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻻ ﹺﻇ ﱠﻞ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﻇ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﻣ ﹲﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺒ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹲﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹺﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹺﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻥ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﻧﹶﺸﹶ ﹶﺄ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹲﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺷ ﱞ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﲢﺎﺑﺎ ﹺﰲ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﲨ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺼ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹲﺓ ﹶﺫ ﹸ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﺷ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻕ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻔ ﹸﻖ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴ ﹸﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺧﺎﻟﹺ ﹰﻴﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹸﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪Hukum Zakat Fitri‬‬
‫‪Syarat-Syarat Kewajiban Zakat Fitri‬‬
‫‪Jenis Objek Zakat Fitri yang Paling Afdhal‬‬
‫‪Tentang Mengakhirkan Penyaluran Zakat Fitri Setelah Hari ‘Id‬‬
‫‪Keutamaan Bershadaqah‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪Bab Orang-orang yang Berhak Menerima Zakat‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻸﺻ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ﴿ :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ‬
‫ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﲈﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹸﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﻟ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺍﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺴﺎﻛ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱠﻟ ﹶﻔﺔ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻠ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﲠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻀ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺳﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﴾‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹶﺣﻜ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋﻠ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺑﺔ‪[٦٠ :‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﺼﺎﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ;‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹺ ﹸﳌ ﹶﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻙ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻋ ﹺﻠ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺫ )) ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻃ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﱠﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﻓ ﹶﹾﱰ ﹶ‬
‫ﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹰﺔ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺆ ﹶﺧ ﹸﺬ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻏﹾ ﻨﹺ ﹶﻴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹸﱰ ﱡﹶﺩ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺽ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛﺎﺓﹸ‪:‬‬
‫ﲢ ﱡﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﻨﹺ ﱟﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹺﻮ ﱟﻱ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺴ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﻵ ﹺﻝ ﹸ ﹶﳏﻤ ﹴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻢ ﺑ ﹸﻨﻮ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺷﻢﹴ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮﺍﻟﹺﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲡ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳖﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻳ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹴﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻄ ﱡﻮﻉﹺ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺠﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺩﻓ ﹸﹾﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻫ ﹸﺆ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹰﻌﺎ ﹶﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺧﺎﺻﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻮ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﻢ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻜ ﱡﺜ ﹰﺮﺍ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﲨ ﹰﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻘ ﱠﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻜﺜﹺ ﹾﺮ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻝ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﴩ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻙ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻣ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﺖ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺳﺎﺋﹺ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺨ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺗ ﹾﺘﺒﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻚ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Rincian Tentang Delapan Golongan yang Berhak untuk Menerima‬‬
‫‪Zakat‬‬
‫?‪2. Bolehkah Menyerahkan Zakat kepada Satu Golongan Saja‬‬
‫‪3. Golongan Orang yang Tidak Berhak Menerima Zakat‬‬
‫‪4. Tentang Penyaluran Shadaqah Sunnah‬‬
‫‪5. Sebagian Hadits Sebagai Nasihat untuk Orang-Orang yang Menerima‬‬
‫‪Shadaqah‬‬

‫‪df‬‬
‫‪59‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫<“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]÷‪›Ž ^ˇÈí‬‬
‫^‪đ h‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB PUASA‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﹸﻛﺘﹺ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﱢ‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗﺒ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻜﻢ ﴾ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[١٨٣ :‬‬
‫ﹸﻛﺘﹺ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ‬
‫ﹶﺑﺎﻟﹺ ﹴﻎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗ ﹴﻞ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻮﻡﹺ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹴﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹸﺮ ﹾﺅ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻼﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻝ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻣﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻤﻮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﻓ ﹺﹾﻄ ﹸﺮﻭﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻤﻮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ((‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻏ ﱢﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺪ ﹸﺭﻭﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺪ ﹸﺭﻭﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼﺛﹺ ﹶ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪60‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹺﺭ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻻ ﹺﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﹸﺎﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺮ ﹾﺅ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹴﻝ ﹺﳍﹺ ﹶﻼﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺒﻴﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺠﻮﺯﹸ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹴﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﺾ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹶﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹸﺮ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﴬ ﹸﺭ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻀ ﹸﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﺋﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﱢ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺿ ﹸﻊ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺪ ﹾﳞﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹶﺮﺗﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻀ ﹶﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹰﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻜ ﹶ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺟﻰ ﹸﺑ ﹾﺮﺅﹸ ﹸﻩ‪ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻌ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹸﺰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹰﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻀ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻂ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻲ ﹴﺀ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻓ ﹾﻄ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛ ﹴﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺﺣ ﹶﺠﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺇﹺﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹶﲈ ﹴﻉ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺﹾﴤ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌﺘﹺ ﹸﻖ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺒ ﹰﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹰﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻊ ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹺﺳ ﱢﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﴘ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺻﺎﺋﹺ ﹲﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﺏ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴﺘﹺ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹸﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺰ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺠ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺮ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺤﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻛ ﹰﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺗ ﹶﹶﺴ ﱠﺤ ﹸﺮﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﳚ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠﻴ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻄﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻄﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹾﲤ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﺭ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴﺔﹸ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻃ ﹸﻬ ﹲ‬
‫‪61‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻞ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻉ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻝ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹲﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻉ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻴ ﹲﺎﻡ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺿﻴ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻗ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢﻔ ﹸﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭﺍ ﹶﺀ ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺷ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﻙ ﻳﻮ ﹲﻡ ﻭﻟﹺ ﹾﺪ ﹸﺕ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹾﺜ ﹸﺖ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﺫ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﲇ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺗﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹺﺳﺘﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ; ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹾﻫ ﹺﺮ((‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺫ ﱟﺭ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹸﹶﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩﺓﹶ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩﺓﹶ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩﺓﹶ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹾ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻄ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹴ‬
‫))ﺃ ﱠﻳ ﹸﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺫ ﹾﻛ ﹴﺮ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺰ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﱠﻞ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺼﻮ ﹶﻣ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﹺ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹸﻏ ﹺﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹾﻧﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻳﲈﻧﹰﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﹺ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹸﻏ ﹺﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹾﻧﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻳﲈﻧﹰﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪62‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻜ ﹸﻒ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻓﺎ ﹸﻩ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬
.‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺯ ﹶﻭ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬:‫ﺎﺟ ﹶﺪ‬
‫ ﹶ‬:‫ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺣ ﹸ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹸﺗﺸﹶ ﱡﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬،‫ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‬
.‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﴡ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹾ‬
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Dasar Hukum Kewajiban Puasa
Syarat-Syarat Kewajiban Puasa
Beberapa Ketentuan Tentang Melihat Hilal
Hukum Seputar Berniat dari Malam Hari
Hukum Puasa bagi Orang yang Sakit dan Musafir
Hukum Puasa bagi Perempuan Haidh dan Perempuan Nifas
Hukum Puasa bagi Perempuan Hamil dan Perempuan yang Sedang
Menyusui
8. Hukum Puasa bagi Orang Tua Renta dan Orang yang Sakit Tidak Bisa
Sembuh
9. Beberapa Ketentuan Perihal Orang yang Mengqadha Puasa
10. Hukum Seputar Orang yang Berjima’ Saat Sedang Berpuasa
Ramadhan
11. Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Sahur dan Buka Puasa
12. Beberapa Perkara yang Mesti Ditinggalkan Oleh Orang yang Berpuasa
13. Tentang Puasa yang Belum Diqadha Oleh Orang yang Meninggal
14. Hukum Puasa Arafah
15. Hukum Puasa Asyura’
16. Hukum Puasa Senin
17. Hukum Puasa Enam Hari Syawal
18. Hukum Puasa Ayyamul Bidh
19. Hari-Hari Terlarang untuk Berpuasa
20. Hukum Puasa Jum’at
21. Tentang Puasa Ramadhan dan Lailatul Qadr
22. Syariat I’tikaf
23. Hukum Tentang Perjalanan Ibadah ke Selain Tiga Masjid Tertentu

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63

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‫^‪ł h‬‬
‫<]‪đ ˇ£‬‬
‫‪<s‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫“‪Ž ˇj‬‬
‫‪KITAB HAJI‬‬

‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻗﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺣ ﱡﺞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﺳﺒﹺ ﹰ‬
‫ﻴﻼ ﴾ ]ﺁﻝ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻥ‪[٩٧ :‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹺﺍﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﴐﻭﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹸﻢ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹶﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺣ ﹶﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻮﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹺﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﺖ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻔ ﹴﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹶﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ ﹶ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺮ ﹲﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ‬

‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﱢﺞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈﻢﹺ‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﺮ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﳛ ﱠﹸﺞ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺫ ﹶﻥ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺚ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ ﺗﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻊ ﹺﺳﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺣﺎﺝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﺑ ﹶ ﹲ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹺﺓ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱞ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹲﲑ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘﻤ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄﺗﹶﻢ ﺑﹺﺮ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪64‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺨ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹾﹶﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﲈ ﹸﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﺲ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹶﺪ‬
‫ﹾﺑ ﹶﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻜ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻊ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻔ ﹺﺮﻱ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻣﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻏﹾ ﹶﺘﺴ ﹺﲇ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻮ ﹾﺕ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹶﺪ ﹺﺍﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻞ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘﻮ ﹺﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ‪ ) :‬ﹶﻟ ﱠﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻟ ﱠﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﱠﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻟ ﱠﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ(‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺮ ﱠﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹺ ﹶﲠ ﹶﺬﺍ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹸﳞﹺ ﱡﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹲﺮ‪ :‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻮﻱ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﻧ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮﺓﹶ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺃﺗ ﹾﹶﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻢ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻌﺎ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺸﹶ ﻰ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹰﻌﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺼﲆ ﴾‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺬ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺍﻫ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﱠﺍﲣ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺍﻫ ﹶ‬

‫]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[١٢٥ :‬‬

‫ﲔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹴ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹸﻗ ﹾﻞ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹲﺪ ﴾ ﹶﻭ ﴿ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹶﻳﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺮﺃ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﴾‪.‬‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻊ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱡ‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻌﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[١٥٨ :‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﱠﲈ ﹶﺩﻧﹶﺎ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻗﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ￯ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻮ ﱠﺣ ﹶﺪ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹲﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﴫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﺠ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ(( ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺰ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺸﹶ ﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﻧ ﹶﹾﺼ ﱠﺒ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﻩ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﺩﻱ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻌﻰ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻌ ﹶﺪﺗﹶﺎ ﹶﻣﺸﹶ ﻰ‪،‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭﺓ ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹸﺮ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮﻱ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﺃ ﱢﲏ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﻋﻤﺮﺓﹰ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺮ ﹸﺕ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺳ ﹺﻖ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪ ﹲﻱ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮﺓﹰ((‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻟﹺﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﴎﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﻚ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺸﻢﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻡ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫)) ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺻﺎﺑﹺﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹰﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺑ ﹴﺪ؟ ﹶﻓﺸﹶ ﱠﺒ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ￯‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ ﹶﻻ‪ ،‬ﹶﺑ ﹾﻞ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹴﺪ((‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹺ ﱞ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﻮ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹺ ﱠﳑ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﲇ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺒ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱢﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﺒﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹾﺖ ﺛﹺ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹶﺻﺒﹺﻴﻐﹰ ﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹶﹾﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ‪ :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺﲏ‬

‫ﺍﻕ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻫﺒ ﹸﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶﲠ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲇ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹺ ﱞ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹸ ﹶﳏﺮ ﹰﺷﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺔ ﻟﹺ ﱠﻠ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹸﻣﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔﺘﹺﻴﺎ ﻟﹺﺮ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹾ ﹰ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱪﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﱢﲏ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻜ ﹾﺮ ﹸﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺖ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺖ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺄ ﹾﺧ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺿ ﹶﺖ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺞ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ ﹸﺃ ﹺﻫ ﱡﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺖ ﹺﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻱ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻱ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹺ ﱞ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﲇ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﴫﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﱠﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪ ﹲﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﱠﲈ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﺟ ﹸﻬﻮﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻣ ﹰﻨﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻡ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻫ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﱢﺞ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﱡ‬
‫ﴫ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺚ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹰﻴﻼ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻘ ﱠﺒ ﹴﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺮ ﺗ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﴬ ﹸﺏ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹸﹶﺸ ﱡﻚ ﹸﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹲﺶ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻗ ﹲﻒ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺸﹾ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹸﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹲﺶ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻊ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫‪67‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﱠﺒ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﴐ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻤ ﹶﺮﺓﹶ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹶ ﹶﺍﻏ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹺﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﻡ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺨ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹸﺤ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻋ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹶﻝ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣ ﱠﻲ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺩ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺿ ﹸﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻣﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺩ ﹸﻡ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺭﺑﹺ ﹶﻴﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺙ ‪ -‬ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺﺿ ﹰﻌﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻌ ﹴﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺬ ﹾﻳ ﹲﻞ ‪ ،-‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺑﺎ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹸﻝ ﹺﺭ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺿ ﹸﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺑﺎﻧﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺑﺎ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻉ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺎ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﻄ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹾﺬ ﹸ ﹸﲤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻣﺎﻧ ﹺﹶﺔ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺟ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻜ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹺﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻃ ﹾﺌ ﹶﻦ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹸﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺷ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹰﺪﺍ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻫﻮﻧ ﹸﹶﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪﺡﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﴐ ﹸﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﴐ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻣ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻜﻢ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻀ ﱡﻠﻮﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺯ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻭﻛ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻮ ﹸ ﹸﲥ ﱠﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺮﻭﻑ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹸﺖ ﻓ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹸﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻋ ﱢﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ؟ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﹶﻧﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﹾﺍﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﱠﻚ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺑ ﱠﻠﻐﹾ ﹶﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹶﹶﺼ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﺒﺎ ﹶﺑﺔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺻ ﹸﺒﻌﻪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬﻢ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹾﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬﻢ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹾﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ(( ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺫ ﹶﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹲﻝ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﱡ‬
‫ﴫ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ‪،‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺣﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺸﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺨﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺓ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻦ ﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻗﺘﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮﺍﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹰﻴﻼ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻏ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺰ ﹾﻝ ﹶﻭﺍﻗ ﹰﻔﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻏ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺑﺖ ﱠ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺹ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻑ ﹸﺃ ﹶﺳﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻦ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻳ ﹴﺪ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻙ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺣ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﺷ ﹶﻨﻖﹶ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﺀ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹺﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﺑﹺﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻴﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹸ‬
‫«ﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻼ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ‬
‫))ﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺧﻰ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹰﻴﻼ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺰ ﹶﺩﻟﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺔ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﹺﲠﺎ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺏ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺫ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱢﺒ ﹾﺢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺿ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺠ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹸﺮ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺒ ﹸﺢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺫ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﱡ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺸﹾ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺍﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬

‫ﱪ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﱠﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺰ ﹾﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻗ ﹰﻔﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺟﺪﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﺲ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹸ‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻞ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ....‬ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻦ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱢ ﹴ‬
‫ﴪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹰﻴﻼ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹺﺮﻳﻖﹶ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮﺳ ﹶﻄﻰ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶ ﹾﲣﺮﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻚ ﱠ‬
‫ﱪ￯‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻤﺮ ﹶﺓ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﹺﺴﺒ ﹺﻊ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻳ ﹶﻜﱪ ﹶﻣﻊ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸ ﱢﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﺬ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺣ ﹶﴡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣﻰ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﺩﻱ‪،‬‬

‫ﹾﴫ ﹶﻑ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺤ ﹺﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺍﻧ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺳ ﱢﺘ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪﻳﹺ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﻰ ﹶﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺪﻧ ﹴﹶﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﺠ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹴﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻃﺒﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﺑﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺽ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﱠﲆ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﱠﻜ ﹶﺔ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ‪،‬‬

‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺑﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﻄ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻋﻮﺍ ﹶﺑﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﻄ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻭ ﹸﻟﻮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻟ ﹰﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹶﻳﺘﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺰ ﹾﻋ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫«ﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﺏ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﻳ ﹾﻔﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺧ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﹶﻋ ﱢﻨﻲ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﻜ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ «‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ‪ :‬ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺍﺀ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺤﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﴫ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪:‬‬
‫• ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺍﻡ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻮ ﹸﻗ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻑ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﺟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪:‬‬
‫• ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺣﺮ ﹸﺍﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹺﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾﹺﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹸﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻮ ﹸﻗ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻤ ﹾﺰ ﹶﺩﻟﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺒﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺎﱄ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎ ﹺﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻤ ﹰﻨﻰ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻣﻲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﹾﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺰ ﹶﺃ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔﺮ ﹸﻕ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ ﹶﻭﺗﹶﺮ ﹺﻙ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹺﻦ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﻙ ﱡ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻛ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺃﻥﱠ ﺗﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻙ ﱡ‬
‫‪71‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻙ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺﻛ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺛ ﹲﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹲﻡ ﻟﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺐ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﱡﺠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬

‫ﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ‪ -‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﺮ ﹺ‬‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻓ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹺﺍﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺍﻡ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻤ ﱡﺘ ﹺﻊ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹶﳜ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹶﻍ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻤ ﱡﺘ ﹸﻊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﱢﺞ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﴐﻱ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹲﻡ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻓ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹸﺍﺩ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﱢﺞ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹰﺩﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺍﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﹺﲠﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻣ ﹰﻌﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩﻭﻉﹺ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻄ ﱡﺮ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﱢﺘ ﹸﻊ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﱢ‬

‫ﺍﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹸﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘﻐﹶ ﹶﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻮ ﹶ ﹸ‬

‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹸﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻧ ﹺﹶﻔﺴ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺖ ﹶﺃ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹸﻬﺮ ﹶﻗﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺩ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻥ ﹺﻓﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹲﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻥ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪ ﹲﻱ ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹺﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﺘﻨﹺ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﻣ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹾﻠﻖﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗﻘ ﹺﹾﻠﻴﻢ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻇ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹺﺭ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻟﺒﺲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﻴﻂ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗﹶﻐﹾ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺﺳ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺓﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴚ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺣ ﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮﻡﹺ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻴﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻋﺎﻧ ﹸﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈﻢ ﹶ ﹾﳏ ﹸﻈﻮﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹸﻣﻐﹶ ﱠﻠ ﹲﻆ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮﻳﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹲﺪ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱡﻨﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻉ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮﺍﻡﹺ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻚ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺟ ﹲﺐ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺪﻧ ﹴﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹺﻓ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺫ￯‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻭﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻟﺒﹺﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻂ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻏ ﱠﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﱠﻔﺎﺯﹶ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺨ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻏ ﱠﻄﻰ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻟﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻼ ﱢ‬
‫ﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺨ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺﺻ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎﻡﹴ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻃﻌﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹺﺳ ﱠﺘ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺫﺑﺢﹺ ﹶﺷ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺧ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺫ ﹾﺑﺢﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ‪ -‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹲﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻌﻢﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺗ ﹶﻼ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﻮﻳﻢﹺ ﹾﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺤ ﱢﻞ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰﻱ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻣ ﱡﺪ ﹸﺑ ﱟﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﹶﺻﺎ ﹴﻉ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﻡ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﹶ‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﻴ ﹺﺠ ﹸﺐ ﹺﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹺﺰ ﹸﺉ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺿ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎﻡﹴ‪ :‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹰﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳ ﹶﺎﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺼ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹰﺒﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹺ ﹸﳌ ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺪ ﹴﻱ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻃﻌﺎ ﹴﻡ ﻳ ﹶﺘﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤﺮ ﹴﻡ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺇﹺﺣﺮﺍﻡﹴ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻠﻤﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻘﻴﻢﹴ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹸﻓ ﹺﻘ ﱟﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮ ﹸﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻜ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹺﺰ ﹸﺉ ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹸﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳌ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻛ ﹾ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﻥ‪ -‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻚ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻱ‪ ،‬ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﺐ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹶﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳞ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻱ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻕ‪.‬‬

‫ﱪ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﺐ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺤ ﹸﻈﻮ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗﹶﺮ ﹺﻙ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ‪-‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻤﻰ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻡ ﹸﺟ ﹾ ﹶ‬‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻻ ﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺷﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑ ﹾﻞ ﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹸﻕ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹺﺮﻱ ﹶ ﹾﳎﺮ￯ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔﺎﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻌ ﹺﻪ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻑ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﱠ ﹶ‬

‫• ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ‪،‬‬

‫• ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺑﺘﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺍﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺠ ﹺﺮ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱡﻦ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺒ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘﻄ ﹾﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺷ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪74‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻳﲈﻧﹰﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹰﻘﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺘﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﻚ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹸﺴ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻧﺒﹺ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻚ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤ ﹴﺪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹰﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻙ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﺗ ﹶﱢﺒ ﹰ‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻁ ﱠ‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻬﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺚ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪﺙ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬‫ﺎﻙ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻮﺍﻑ‪ -‬ﹸﺳ ﱠﻨ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺳﺎﺋ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﺑﺎﺡ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻑ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼﺓﹲ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻮ ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻡ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳ ﱠﻦ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻄﺒﹺﻊ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻃﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹸﺪﻭﻡﹺ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻂ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺩﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻘ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻳ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻋﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻘ ﹺﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻳ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﴚ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻁ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻞ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻼ ﹶﺛﺔ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻑ ﹺﺳﻮ￯ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻻ ﻳﺴ ﱡﻦ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻃﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺿ ﹺﻄ ﹶﺒ ﹲ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ‬

‫ﴍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻌﻲﹺ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﻜ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺑﺘ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺍﺀ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻌﻴﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹺﻜ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺫ ﹾﻛ ﹺﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﻭﻉ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻜﺜﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹶﹾﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺩ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ;‬

‫ﺍﻑ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎ‬
‫ﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻣﻲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻹ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ ﹺﺫ ﹾﻛ ﹺﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺭ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫))ﳌﱠﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣ ﱠﻜ ﹶﺔ ‪ -‬ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﹺﻤ ﹶﺪ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﱠﻜ ﹶﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﲇ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺣ ﱠﻠ ﹾﺖ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻂ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹴﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺪﻱ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳜ ﹶﺘ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹺﱄ ﹶﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲢ ﱡﻞ ﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗ ﹶﻄ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺ ﹸﳌ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺸ ﹴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗﺘﹺ ﹲ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺷ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻛ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧﱠﺎ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻗ ﹸﺒﻮ ﹺﺭﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻴﻮﺗﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺫ ﹺﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺫ ﹺﺧ ﹶﺮ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﲑ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺛ ﹾﻮ ﹴﺭ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫))ﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹲﻡ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﺳ ﹲﻖ‪ ،‬ﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻦ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺏ‪،‬‬
‫))ﲬ ﹲﺲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﻡﹺ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹶﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃﺓﹸ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹸﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺄ ﹶﺭﺓﹸ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫‪Dasar hukum kewajiban haji‬‬
‫‪Syarat-syarat kewajiban haji‬‬
‫‪Syarat dan ketentuan tentang kemampuan haji‬‬
‫‪Rincian hadits Jabir tentang manasik haji‬‬
‫‪Rukun-Rukun Haji‬‬
‫‪Kewajiban-Kewajiban Haji‬‬
‫‪Perbedaan Peninggalan Rukun dan Peninggalan Kewajiban‬‬
‫‪Yang Afdhal di Antara Tamattu’, Qiran, dan Ifrad‬‬

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‫‪76‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

9. Ketentuan Haji Tamattu’
10. Ketentuan Haji Ifrad
11. Ketentuan Haji Qiran
12. Kapan Orang yang Berhaji Tamattu’ Menggabungkan Haji dan
Umrahnya?
13. Perbedaan Haji Ifrad dan Haji Qiran
14. Hal-Hal yang Diharamkan Saat Ihram:
a. Mencukur Rambut
b. Menggunting Kuku
c. Menutup Kepala bagi Laki-Laki
d. Memakai Wewangian
e. Membunuh Hewan Buruan
f. Berhubungan Intim
15. Konsekuensi bagi Pelaku Hubungan Intim
16. Ketentuan Pembayaran Fidyah
17. Seputar Fidyah bagi Pembunuh Hewan Buruan
18. Ketentuan Dam Tamattu’ dan Qiran
19. Ketentuan bagi Orang yang Tidak Memiliki Hewan Hadyu
20. Ketentuan Dam terhadap Orang yang Meninggalkan Kewajiban dan
Orang yang Melakukan Hubungan Intim Selain Jima’
21. Ketentuan Seputar Bersedekah kepada Faqir Miskin Penduduk Makkah
22. Apakah Puasa Pengganti Dam Harus Dikerjakan di Makkah?
23. Beberapa Etika Seputar Hadyu Serta Dam Tamattu’ dan Qiran
24. Ketentuan Dam Karena Melakukan Pelanggaran Atau Meninggalkan
Kewajiban
25. Syarat-Syarat dan Kaifiyah Tawaf
26. Tentang Tawaf Qudum
27. Hukum Tentang Ramal dan Idhthiba`
28. Syarat-Syarat Sa’i
29. Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Sa’i
30. Memperbanyak Shalat Witir dan Doa pada Seluruh Rangkaian Manasik
Haji
31. Beberapa Etika terhadap Makkah dan Madinah
32. Hewan yang Boleh Dibunuh di Tanah Haram
<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄

77

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‫‪Bab Hadyu, Hewan Qurban, dan Aqiqah‬‬

‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﺳ ﱠﻨ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺿ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹺﺰ ﹸﺉ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬

‫• ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ ﹾﺄ ﹺﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﺗ ﱠﹶﻢ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺬ ﹸﻉ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬

‫• ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﻨﹺ ﱡﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﺳﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲬ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺮ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺰ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺿ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫))ﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹲﻊ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﱢﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺍﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹸﺭ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﻳﻀ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺿ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻇ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺢ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨﻘﻲ(( ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬

‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮﻳﻤ ﹰﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺐ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺟ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺒﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹸﻢ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹲﺮ‪)) :‬ﻧ ﹶﹶﺤﺮﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳﺒﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻧ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗﹸﺴ ﱡﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣﻖﱢ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺷﺎﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬،‫ﹶﺎﻥ‬
.‫ﺍﳉﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺷﺎﺓﹲ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ ﹸ‬:‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺬ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ‬،‫))ﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹸﻏ ﹶﻼ ﹴﻡ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶ ﹶﲥ ﹲﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬،‫ﻴﺢ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻖ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻤﻰ(( ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬،‫ﹶﺳﺎﺑﹺﻌﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮﺭ ﹺ‬
.‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹸﻕ‬،‫ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳞ ﹺﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﺕ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺎ ﹺﺯﺭ ﹸﺃﺟﺮﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑ ﹾﻞ ﻳﻌ ﹺﻄ ﹺ‬
.‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹰﺔ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌﻄﻲ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Ketentuan Hewan Hadyu, ‘Udhiyah, dan Aqiqah
Ketentuan Umur Hewan Sembelihan
Cacat-Cacat yang Tidak Boleh Terdapat pada Hewan Sembelihan
Ketentuan Hewan yang Paling Afdhal
Seputar Berserikat dalam Pengadaan Hewan Sembelihan
Hukum Aqiqah
Tentang Jumlah Kambing Aqiqah untuk Anak Lelaki dan Anak
Perempuan
8. Cara Pembagian Hewan Sembelihan
9. Tentang Memberi Upah kepada Penyembelih

df

<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄

79

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‫“‪ł Ł ˇj‬‬
‫‪≈Á‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫^‪Ž ÈŁfŁ÷]<h‬‬

‫‪KITAB JUAL BELI‬‬

‫]ﴍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ[ ‪:‬‬

‫ﻴﻪ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺑﺎ ﴾ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪.٢٧٥ :‬‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻡ ﱢ‬

‫ﺎﻉ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹴﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺙ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺇﹺﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﴍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﱠﲤ ﹾﺖ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈﻢﹺ ﱡ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻁ‪:‬‬

‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹸﻝ[‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺿﺎ‪ :‬ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﱢ‬

‫ﻮﻥ ﹺ ﹶﲡ ﹶﺎﺭ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺽ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﴾ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪.٢٩ :‬‬

‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠﺎﲏ[‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻏﺮ ﹲﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹲﺔ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ))ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺭ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻓﻴ ﹾﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻊ ﹾﺍﻵﺑﹺ ﹺﻖ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻚ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ￯ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺼﺎ ﹸﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻤﻘ ﹶﹾﺪﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺒ ﹸﻠﻎﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﻞ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮ ﹲﺍﺀ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺭ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺜ ﱠﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬

‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﺚ[‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﻠﴚ ﹺﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺄ ﹸﺫﻭﻧﹰﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺑﺎﻟﹺﻎﹲ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺷ ﹲﻴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎﻗ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻣﺎﻟ ﹰﻜﺎ ﻟ ﱠ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﹺ ﹸﻊ[‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﱠ‬

‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹰﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹺﺭ ﹰﺑﺎ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺓ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﱪ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹸﺐ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺸ ﹺﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺮ‬
‫ﲑ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﱡ ﹸﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺢ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌ ﹺ ﹾﻠﺢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹶﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻑ‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻤ ﹾﺜ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹰﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻮ ﹴﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺒﹺ ﹸﻴﻌﻮﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺌ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺰﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑﻰ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻳ ﹰﺪﺍ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻃ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻜ ﹲ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻜ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺯﹸ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺟ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺ ﹶﲠ ﹶﺬ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫‪81‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﻴﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤﻮﺯﹸ ﹴ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻜ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻜ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺟ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﺟ ﹾﻨﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺯﹸ ﹲ ﹾ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺﻁ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹸﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺮ ﹺﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤﻮﺯﹸ ﹴ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺮ ﹺﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣﻜ ﹲ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻬ ﹸﻞ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﲈ ﹸﺛ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻠﻢﹺ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹸ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺰﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹸﺍﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺭ ﹸﺀ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺱ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺨ ﹺﻞ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺺ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﻳﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺳ ﹴﻖ‪ ((،‬ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺘﺎﺝﹺ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻦ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰﻱ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱡ‬

‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ[‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺎﻣ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱡ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍ ﹰﻋﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻁ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹸﹾﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺮ ﹴﻡ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﹺﻣﺎ ﻟﹺﻌﻴﻨﹺ ﹺ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﲈ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪،‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹶﻨﺎﻡﹺ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﱰ ﱠﺗ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻴﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹺﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﴍﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﺍﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﺶ((‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾﳖ ﹸﻴ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫))ﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﺫﻱ‬
‫ﻳﻖ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻖ((‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻢﹺ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﱰﻱ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﱰﹶﺍ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﻮ ﹺﺯ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻼﺡﹺ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻔ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻗ ﱠﻄﺎﻉﹺ‬
‫ﺾ ﻟ ﹾﻠﻘ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻛﺎﺷﹾ ﹺﱰﹶﺍﺀ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪82‬‬

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‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳖ ﹸﻴ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠﻘ ﹾﱠﻮﺍ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠ ﱢﻘﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﻕ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳋ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﺭ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠﻘﱠﻰ ﹶﻓﺎﺷﹾ ﹶﱰﹶ￯ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺃﺗﹶﻰ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻣ ﱠﻨﺎ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﱠﺸ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺑﺎ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴫﻳﺢﹺ ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ ﱢ‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹺﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹰﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟ ﹴﻞ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﳞﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﻌﻴ ﹶﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻣﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻗ ﱠﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻧﻘ ﹰﹾﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹺﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺐ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺑﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﴚ ﹴﺀ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻁ ﹺﺍﻻﻧﹾﺘﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺃ ﹺﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹰﺿﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺟ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹰﻌﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹰﺑﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺤﻴ ﹺﻞ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﻊ ﹸﺣ ﹺ ﱢ ﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻣ ﱢﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻮ ﹴﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ‬
‫ﲇ ﻓ ﱠﻀﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ ﹶﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹺﺪ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫))ﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺐ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺮ ﹶﻃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ ﺑﹺ ﱡ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻚ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺺ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺟ ﱠﻒ؟ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﻧ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻬﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻤﻰ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﹶ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﱠﻣ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪83‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﴩ ﹺﻁ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺿ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺮ ﹺﻕ;‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻫﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺴ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻗﺎ‪،‬‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹶ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼﺢ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺭ‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫‪1. Dasar Hukum Jual Beli‬‬
‫‪2. Cakupan Pembahasan Jual Beli‬‬
‫‪3. Syarat-Syarat dan Ketentuan Jual Beli:‬‬
‫‪a. Ridha‬‬
‫‪b. Tidak Ada Gharar dan Jahâlah, dan Beberapa Contoh Gharar dan‬‬
‫‪Jahâlah‬‬
‫‪c. Kepemilikan‬‬
‫‪d. Bersih dari Riba, dan Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Riba‬‬
‫‪e. Tidak Melakukan Akad terhadap Hal yang Diharamkan‬‬
‫‪4. Beberapa Bentuk Transaksi Jual Beli yang Diharamkan‬‬
‫‪5. Tahayyul terhadap Riba‬‬
‫‪6. Transaksi Jual Beli terhadap Hal yang Masih Berada dalam Dzimmah‬‬

‫‪Bab Jual Beli Pepohonan dan Buah-buahan‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺨ ﹰﻼ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹸﺆ ﱠﺑ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓﺜ ﹶﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻊ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻉ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺛﻤﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹰﻳﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺳﺎﺋ ﹸﺮ ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﺠﺎ ﹺﺭ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭ ﹸﻉ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺼ ﹸﺪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹰﺓ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻇ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺮ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪84‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺼ ﹸﺪ ﹺﻣﺮ ﹰﺍﺭﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰﻱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹸﺻ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﱠﺰ ﹸﺓ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱢﲈ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺣ ﹶﻬﺎ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ‬
‫))ﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﲈ ﱠﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺎﺭ((‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺐ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﻴﻚ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹰﺮﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺻﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺬ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﻢ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺬ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻚ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺣ ﱟﻖ؟(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‬
‫‪Tentang Penjualan Pohon Kurma yang Telah Di-Ta`Bir‬‬
‫‪Perihal Penjualan Pohon yang Buahnya Telah Tampak‬‬
‫‪Seputar Penjualan Tanaman yang Bisa Dipanen‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan dalam Penjualan Buah‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Bab Khiyâr dan Selainnya‬‬

‫ﺐ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺯ ﹰﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹸﹾﺪ ﹶﺻ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺧ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﺭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻥ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳋ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔﺮ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹶﺎ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺧ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹰﻴﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸ ﹶﳜ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘﺒﺎﻳﻌﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﻳ ﹾﱰ ﹾﹸﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻊ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹲﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻊ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ﹶ‬
‫‪85‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻁ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹸﻣ ﱠﺪ ﹰﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹰﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺧ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﺭ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻁ ﹾﺍﳋ ﹶﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫))ﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﴍ ﹰﻃﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻼ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‬
‫ﻻ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬

‫ﺶ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠ ﱢﻘﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﻏﺒﹺ ﹶﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻣﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹾﺠ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﹺﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹺﺧﻴ ﹸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺪﻟﹺ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰﻱ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹶﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﺲ ﺑﹺﺄﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺪ ﱢﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻤ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧ ﹶﹾﻌﺎﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﴫ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻦ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﴐﻉﹺ ﹶﲠﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﴫﻭﺍ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﺗ ﹶ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ‬
‫ﲑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺩ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹰ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﲤ ﹴﺮ(( ﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﳋ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎﻡﹴ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﲔ ﺭ ﱢﺩ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺭ ﱡﺩ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﱰﹶ￯ ﹶﻣﻌ ﹰﻴﺒﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺒ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﳋ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹺﻦ ﹶ ﹶﲢﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻔﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱟﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹰﲈ ﹶﺑﻴ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺜ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Kaidah Dasar Apabila Akad Jual Beli Telah Terjadi‬‬
‫‪2. Tentang Khiyâr Majelis‬‬
‫‪3. Tentang Khiyâr Syarat‬‬
‫‪4. Tentang Khiyâr Ghaban‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪5. Tentang Khiyâr Tadlis‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Khiyâr Aib‬‬
‫‪7. Khiyâr Apabila Penjual dan Pembeli Berselisih Harga‬‬
‫‪8. Keutamaan Memaafkan Kesalahan Seorang Muslim‬‬

‫‪Bab As-Salam‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻀﺒﹺ ﹸﻂ ﺑﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻳﺼ ﱡﺢ ﱠ‬

‫ﻴﻊ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻒ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹸﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺿ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻄ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﺎ ﹸﻩ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹶﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺮ ﹺﻕ‪.‬‬

‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹾ‬
‫ﻒ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱢﲈ ﹺﺭ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮﻡﹴ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺯ ﹴﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮﻡﹴ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮﻡﹴ((‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﺱ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺩﺍ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺩ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‬

‫ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺗ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺗ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬

‫‪1. Syarat-Syarat dan Ketentuan As-Salam‬‬
‫‪2. Dasar Hukum dalam Pembahasan As-Salam‬‬
‫‪3. Peringatan Berkaitan dengan Penguasaan Harta Manusia‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Bab Gadaian, Jaminan, dan Kafâlah‬‬

‫ﺎﳊ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺛﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻟﺮ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻘﻰ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻧ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﲥﹺ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﺪ￯ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻓ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻁ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻣﺎﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﱡﺎﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﱠﻚ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹾﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺛﻤﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺑ ﹺﻘﻲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﻤ ﹺﻦ ﺑﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻘﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺮ ﱢﺑ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺳ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻫ ﹴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺗ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻫ ﹶﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹲﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈﻧ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻫ ﹰﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻒ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹶﹶﲈﺅﹸ ﹸﻩ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﹲﻊ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹶﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺭ ﱢﺑ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﹺﻠﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎ ﹺﺭﻉﹺ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹺﻥ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹺﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻫ ﹺﻦ ﹺﺍﻻﻧﹾﺘﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺐ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﱢﺭ ﹸﻳ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸﺏ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻫﻮﻧﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻫﻮﻧﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻥ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻀﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻥ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﺼﻢﹺ ‪.‬‬

‫ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹶﻏﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹲﻡ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫))ﺍﻟﺰﻋ ﹸ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪88‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱞﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺿ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹲﻦ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬

‫ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﺑﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺐ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻖﱢ ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾﹶ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺉ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺﺻ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫‪Ketentuan Umum dalam Ketiga Perkara di Atas‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Barang Gadaian‬‬
‫?‪Siapa Penanggung Barang Gadaian yang Rusak‬‬
‫‪Tentang Pemanfaatan dan Kepemilikan Barang Gadaian‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Jaminan‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Kafalah‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪Bab Hajr karena Bangkrut atau Selainnya‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﻖ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻨﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻌ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﴪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﴎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒﻐﻲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻴ ﱢ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﻖ ﹶﻓﻌ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﻨﹺ ﱢﻲ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻠ ﹲﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹺﲇ ﹴﺀ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﴎ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻞ ﹸ‬
‫«ﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻴ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺩﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﹸ ﹶﳑ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹰ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹺﲇ ﹸﺀ‪ :‬ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻼ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻤﻜ ﹸﻦ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﻀ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻜﻢﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫‪89‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻳ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻀ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﱡ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢﹺ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹺﺠ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡ‬
‫ﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱢﻔﻲ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻳ ﹶﻘﺴﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹸ ﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹸﺩ ﹸﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﳖﹺ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱢﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻫﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺻﺎﺣ ﹸﺐ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﺃ ﹾﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺴ ﹺﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺠ ﹸﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﱢﱄ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐ ﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﴬ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹺﺎﳍﹺ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻗ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ ﴾‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺆﺗﹸﻮﺍ ﱡ‬
‫]ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪[٥ :‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹶﺏ ﹶﻣ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﺎﳍ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﺎ ﱠﻟﺘﻲ ﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻦ ﻣ ﹾﻦ‪ :‬ﺣ ﹾﻔﻈﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﻊ ﹶ ﹸﳍﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﴏ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻑ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ‪ :‬ﹶﺟﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻛﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﻔ ﹺﻖ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﺷ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹸﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹺﺭﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺁ ﹶﻣﻨﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻘﲑﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠﻴ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻑ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻏﻨﹺﻴﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻔ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻗ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﻒ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻳﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Kewajiban Pemberian Toleransi Waktu untuk Penghutang yang Masih‬‬
‫‪Kesulitan‬‬
‫‪2. Tentang Pemberian Kemudahan terhadap Orang yang Masih Memiliki‬‬
‫‪Kelapangan‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪90‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪Ketentuan Tentang Pengembalian Hak Orang Lain‬‬
‫‪Tentang Hawalah‬‬
‫‪Tentang Hajr Karena Bangkrut dan Beberapa Ketentuannya‬‬
‫‪Tentang Hajr untuk Kemaslahatan Pemilik Hak‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Wali Anak Yatim‬‬

‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬

‫‪Bab Shulh‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹸﺻ ﹾﻠ ﹰﺤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺢ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹲﺰ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹺﻣ ﹺﺬ ﱡﻱ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻼ ﹰ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹰﻣﺎ((‪ .‬ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹲﻦ ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺤ ﹶﺤ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺻ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ￯ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹴﻦ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹲﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹴﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻀ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﱡﺮ ﹺﻕ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺻﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺢ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹲﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺟ ﹺﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻀ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﱠﺢ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻐﹾ ﹺﺮﺯﹶ ﹶﺧﺸﹶ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺟ ﹲﺎﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﺟ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻩ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Dasar Hukum dalam Ketentuan Shulh‬‬
‫‪2. Bentuk-Bentuk Shulh‬‬

‫‪91‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Bab Perwakilan, Serikat, Musâqah, dan Muzâra’ah‬‬

‫]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ[‬

‫]‪[Al-Wakâlah‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻮ ﱢﻛ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻮﺍﺋﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹺﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻮﺍﺋﹺﺞﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻋﻘ ﹲﹾﺪ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹲﺰ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺼ ﱡﺢ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﻳﻖ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻛﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﻛﺎ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺴﻮﺥﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻣ ﱢﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﻴﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺪﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹺﺭ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﻒ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹰﺔ; ﹶﻛ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺧ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺫ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺﻛ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﻧ ﹾﹸﻄ ﹰﻘﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻋ ﹾﺮ ﹰﻓﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﱠ‬

‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺠ ﹾﻌ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻛ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‬

‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻬﻢ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘﻌ ﱢﺪﻱ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻛﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﱠﺍﺩ ﹶﻋﻰ ﺍﻟﺮ ﱠﺩ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺠ ﹾﻌ ﹴﻞ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹾﻞ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺒ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ‪،‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹰﻋﺎ‪ :‬ﹸﻗﺒﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫‪Dasar Dalil Tentang Syariat Perwakilan‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Perwakilan‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Boleh Diwakilkan‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Tidak Boleh Diwakilkan‬‬
‫)‪Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Wâkil (Orang yang Mewakili‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺰ ﹶﺍﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ[‬

‫]‪[Serikat, Musâqah, dan Muzâra’ah‬‬

‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻜ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﺛﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﺚ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸﳜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧﺎﻧ ﹸﹶﻪ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹸﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻋ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺰﺓﹲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻟﴩ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺠﻤ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹸ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﱠﺘ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺑ ﹸﺢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﺟ ﹾﺰ ﹰﺀﺍ ﹸﻣﺸﹶ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹾﺍﳌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ ﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪:‬‬

‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱟﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹲﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﺑﹺﻮ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻮ ﹸﺟﻮﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹸ‬

‫‪93‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺎﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻛﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺴﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺪ ﹺﺍﳖﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺶ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺒ ﹶﻼﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹺﺸ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻭ ﹶﺿ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪،‬‬
‫ﳉ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺰﺓﹲ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻠﻢ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﺮ ﹸﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺑ ﹸﺢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻔﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﱡ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹾﻶ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹺﺭﺑ ﹸﺢ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱠ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ￯‬
‫ﺖ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺑ ﹸﺢ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ￯ ﱢ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﻳﺸﹾ ﺒﹺ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺰ ﹶﺍﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺆ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹸﻊ ﹾﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺪﻳﺞﹴ ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺫ ﹶﻳﺎﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹺﻭ ﹺﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﺭﻉﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻚ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳞ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻚ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﺀ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪،‬‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻀ ﹸﻤ ﹲ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺯﹸ ﹺﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺱ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹲ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻋﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﺑﹺﺸﹶ ﹾﻄ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻴ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺯﹶ ﹾﺭﻉﹴ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﺠ ﹺﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻓﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹸﺠ ﹾﺰ ﹴﺀ ﹸﻣﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹴﻉ‬
‫ﺎﳌ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺰ ﹶﺍﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﺭﻉﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺰ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺠ ﹾﺰ ﹴﺀ ﹸﻣﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹴﻉ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱠ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱟﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺟﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ :‬ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺩ ﱠﺍﺑ ﹰﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ‬

‫‪Dasar Dalil dalam Perserikatan‬‬
‫‪Asal Hukum dalam Perserikatan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Keuntungan dan Kepemilikan dalam Perserikatan‬‬
‫‪Bentuk-Bentuk Perserikatan‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Merusak Perserikatan‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Merusak Al-Musâqah dan Al-Muzâra’ah‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Musâqah‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Muzâra’ah‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬

‫‪Bab Penghidupan Lahan‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﹲﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤﺎﺋﹺ ﹴﻂ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺌ ﹴﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺇﹺﺟﺮ ﹺﺍﺀ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺰ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻉ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮﺓﹶ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹶﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻴﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺭ ﹰﺿﺎ ﹶﻟﻴﺴ ﹾﺖ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﺒ ﹶﺨﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱡﻱ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬

‫ﺎﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺌ ﹰﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﹾﻞ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻣﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹶﲢ ﱠﺠ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮﺍﺗﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺍﺭ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺠ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹰﺿﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻜ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸ ﹾﳛﻴﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻡ ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan Tentang Lahan yang Boleh Dihidupkan‬‬
‫‪2. Konsekuensi Kepemilikan bagi Pihak yang Menghidupkan Lahan‬‬
‫‪3. Perihal Pihak yang Lebih Dahulu Membuka Lahan, Tetapi Belum‬‬
‫‪Menghidupkan Lahan Tersebut‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Bab Ja’âlah dan Ijârah‬‬

‫ﳘﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺟ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳎ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹰ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﱠﻣ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱠﻖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﺟﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﺬ ﹶﺭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺴ ﹸﻂ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ )) ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹲﺔ ﹶﺃﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﺧ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ ﹸﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲑﺍ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﻰ ﹺﰊ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻏ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺄ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹸﺣﺮﺍ ﹶﻓﺄ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻮ ﹶﰱ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻄ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬

‫ﺏ; ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹶﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷﻥﱠ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻋﻘ ﹲﹾﺪ ﹶﺟﺎﺋﹺ ﹲﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹺﺨ ﹶﻼ ﹺ‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳎ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹰ‬
‫ﻑ ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴐ ﹰﺭﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺓ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬

‫ﻭﻥ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱟﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻥ ﹺﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹸﻄﻮﺍ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﳚ ﱠﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺﺟ ﹶ‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Definisi Ja’âlah dan Ijârah‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Upah untuk Ja’âlah dan Ijârah‬‬
‫‪Dua Perbedaan Ja’âlah dan Ijârah‬‬
‫‪Hukum Tentang Seseorang yang Menyewakan Barang yang Ia Sewa dari‬‬
‫‪Pihak Lain‬‬
‫?‪5. Adakah Jaminan dalam Ja’âlah dan Ijârah‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪Bab Barang Temuan‬‬

‫ﴐ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﺗ ﹺﹶﻘ ﱡﻞ ﹺﻗﻴﻤ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛﺎﻟﺴﻮ ﹺﻁ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﻏ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻒ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻚ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺗﹶﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻳﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻻ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸ ﹾﲤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻚ ﺑﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﺒﺎﻉﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻁ‬
‫ﱠﺎﲏ‪ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ ﹶﻮ ﱡﺍﻝ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﻲ ﹶ ﹾﲤ ﹶﺘﻨ ﹸﻊ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺻﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﱢ‬

‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻃ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻳﻤ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻋﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻪ ﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﺚ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺠﻮﺯﹸ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬

‫))ﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻳ ﹺﺪ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺧﺎﻟﹺ ﹴﺪ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻬﻨﹺ ﱢﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻄ ﹺﺔ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻭ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻋ ﱢﺮﻓ ﹶﹾﻬﺎ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹰﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹾﺍﻋ ﹺﺮ ﹾﻑ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﻚ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪ .‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻀﺎ ﱠﻟ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻨﻢﹺ ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺒ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻓﺸﹶ ﹾﺄﻧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻚ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻟﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﻷ ﹺﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻀﺎ ﱠﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺬ ﹾﺋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ؟ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻘﺎﺅﹸ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺎ ﹶﺭ ﱡ ﹶﲠﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺣ ﹶﺬﺍﺅﹸ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺗ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺩ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻁ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹺﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻂ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺑﻴ ﹸﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤﺎﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫‪1. Bentuk-Bentuk Barang Temuan‬‬
‫‪2. Ketentuan Bila Seseorang Menemukan Barang Temuan‬‬
‫?‪3. Siapakah Penanggung Jawab Barang Temuan‬‬

‫‪97‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Bab Perlombaan dan Pertandingan‬‬

‫ﺎﺏ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻮﺍﻉﹴ‪:‬‬

‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹸﻣ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻧ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹲﻉ‪ :‬ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻬﺎﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹶﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹲﻉ‪ :‬ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺸﱢ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺮﻧﹾﺞﹺ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻼ ﹶﺛﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬

‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﺚ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒﻖﹶ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺧ ﱟ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹴﺮ((‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻣﺎ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﺳﻮ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻴ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫‪1. Bentuk-Bentuk Perlombaan dan Pertandingan‬‬
‫‪2. Hukum Seputar Mengambil Imbalan dari Hal Tersebut‬‬

‫‪Bab Penguasaan Harta Orang Lain tanpa Hak‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻻﺳﺘﹺ ﹶﻴﻼ ﹸﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺣ ﱟﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹸ ﹶﳏﺮ ﹲﻡ‪ ،‬ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪﺍ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻠ ﹰﲈ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻮ ﹶﻗ ﹸﻪ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ‬
‫ﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻊ ﺷ ﹾ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺿ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﺭ ﱡﺩ ﹸﻩ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻏ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺿ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪98‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹾﺼ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃﺟﺮﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﻣ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺓ ﻣ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈﻧ ﹸﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹺﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻧﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹸ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺯ ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺩﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺮ ﱢﺑ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺱ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻠﺮ ﱢﺑ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ; ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹾﺮ ﹴﻕ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹰﺿﺎ ﹶﻓﻐﹶ ﹶﺮ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳊﺪﻳﺚ )) ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻇﺎﱂﹺ ﹴ ﹶﺣ ﱞﻖ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋﺎﱂﹺ ﹲ ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﺤ ﹾﻜ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪.‬‬
‫‪Definisi Al-Ghashb‬‬
‫‪Hukum Al-Ghashb‬‬
‫?‪Apa Konsekuensi bagi Pelaku Al-Ghashb‬‬
‫?‪Bagaimana terhadap Orang yang Sengaja Menerima Barang Curian‬‬

‫‪Bab Barang Pinjaman dan Barang Titipan‬‬

‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺑ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱠﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﳍﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫))ﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﻌﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹲﺔ(( ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹸ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻁ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈ ﹶ ﹶﳖﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺿ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﺪ￯ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻓ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻁ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺿ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺩ ﹶﻉ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻳﻌ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹺﻔ ﹸﻈ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺣ ﹾﺮ ﹴﺯ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻔ ﹸﻊ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹺﻥ ﹶﺭ ﱢ ﹶﲠﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪99‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Definisi ‘Âriyyah‬‬
‫‪Kesunnahan Meminjamkan Barang‬‬
‫?‪Bagaimana Apabila Barang Pinjaman Rusak‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Wadî’ah‬‬
‫‪Hukum Pemanfaatan Wadî’ah‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪Bab Syuf ’ah‬‬

‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﹾﺘﹺ ﹶﺰ ﹶﺍﻉ ﹺﺣ ﱠﺼ ﹺﺔ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻜ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻕ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹴﻊ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹲﺔ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﺭ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺴ ﹾﻢ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻗ ﹶﴣ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺧ ﱠ‬

‫ﺎﻟﺸ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘﺴﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺩ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺑﹺ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﴏ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻕ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺷ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﱢ‬
‫ﻹﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺤ ﱡﻴ ﹸﻞ ﹺ ﹺ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻝ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱢﻨﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹶﲢ ﱠﻴ ﹶﻞ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹾﻂ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ((‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫‪1. Definisi Syuf’ah‬‬
‫‪2. Ketentuan Syuf’ah‬‬
‫‪3. Hukum Melakukan (Khilah) dalam Syuf’ah‬‬

‫‪Bab Wakaf‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶ ﹾﲢﺒﹺﻴﺲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺴﺒﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪100‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹶﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺔ ﺑﹺ ﱟﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﺏ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹾﻠﻢﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺒ ﹸﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋﻤ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹴ‬
‫ﹺﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ‪ :‬ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹴﺔ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻣ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻊ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹴﺪ ﹶﺻﺎ ﹶﻟﺢﹴ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻋﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﺗﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹶﺻ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹰﺿﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﻴ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺄ ﹺﻣ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺻ ﹾﺐ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺻ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹰﺿﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﻴ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺌ ﹶﺖ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺒ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺖ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭﺗ ﹶﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺖ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺪﻱ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﱡﻂ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹸﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻕ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹸﺙ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺼ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻕ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺳﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻒ‪،‬‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺑﻰ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﱢﻮ ﹴﻝ‬
‫ﹶﻻ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹶﻞ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺮﻭﻑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻄﻌ ﹶﻢ ﹶﺻﺪﻳ ﹰﻘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹰﺎﻻ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘ ﹸﺪ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﴍ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺮ ﹶﺟﻊ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺼﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹺﻁ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺﺍﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹶﻓﻖﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻉ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺾ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻄ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫‪Definisi Wakaf‬‬
‫‪Keutamaan dan Ketentuan Wakaf‬‬
‫‪Syarat-Syarat Sah Wakaf‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Perihal Menaati Syarat Pewakaf‬‬
‫‪Hukum Tentang Wakaf yang Sudah Tidak Dimanfaatkan‬‬

‫‪101‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

‫‪Bab Hibah, ‘Athiyyah, dan Wasiat‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﱪ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﱡ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﱠﺤ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺓ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﺎﳍ ﹶﺒ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡﱪ ﹸﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﺎﻝ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻄ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡﱪ ﹸﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮ ﹺﺻ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶ ﱡﱪ ﹸﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺗﻪ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹸﺨﻮﻑ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﳉﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺩﺍﺧ ﹲﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﺎﳍﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻄﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺﺻﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺚ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻗ ﱠﻞ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻟﹺﻮﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹴ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺙ‪ :‬ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺷ ﹺﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠﺚ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹺﻩ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻝ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹺﺪ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﳍﺎ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻉ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹾﺍﳍﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺒ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻫ ﹶﺒﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻴﺌﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻛﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﻲﺀ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻄ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻊ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ; ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮﺍﻟﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻄﻲ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ((‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺜﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪102‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺏ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳ ﹶﺘﻤ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻚ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﴬ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﻳﻌ ﹺﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹶﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹴﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹺ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﺪﻩ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱠ ﹾ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻣﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﺖ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹸﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻚ((‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹴﺉ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﴆ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺘﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹲﺔ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻳﺒﹺ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﻰ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﹺﺫﻱ ﹶﺣ ﱟﻖ ﹶﺣﻘ ﹸﱠﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻟﹺﻮﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺙ((‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﴆ‪ ،‬ﹶﺑ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻉ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﺇﹺﻏﹾ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒﻐﻲ ﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺔ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ;‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧﱠﻚ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺬ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺃﻏﹾ ﻨﹺ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹲﲑ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹸﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻊ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹸﻠ ﹲ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan Umum Hibah, ‘Athiyyah, dan Wasiat‬‬
‫‪2. Definisi Hibah, ‘Athiyyah, dan Wasiat‬‬
‫‪3. Perbedaan Hibah, ‘Athiyyah, dan Wasiat‬‬
‫‪4. Titik Kesamaan Hibah, ‘Athiyyah, dan Wasiat‬‬
‫‪5. Kewajiban Berlaku Adil terhadap Anak dalam Tiga Hal di Atas‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Penerimaan Hadiah‬‬
‫‪7. Ketentuan Seputar Kepemilikan Harta Anak Oleh Ayah‬‬
‫‪8. Penulisan Wasiat‬‬
‫‪9. Tentang Wasiat bagi Ahli Waris‬‬
‫‪10. Beberapa Etika Seputar Wasiat‬‬

‫‪df‬‬
‫‪103‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫^‪ł h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫‪oË‬‬
‫<]‪Ž ÖŽ ]ˇÁˇπ‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB WARISAN‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹺﺔ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺤ ﱢﻘ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﻗﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ ﹺﰲ ﺳﻮﺭ ﹺﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹸﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻜ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺻ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﻟﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﻠﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﺣ ﱢﻆ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧﺜ ﹶﹶﻴ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﴾ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪.١٤-١١ :‬‬
‫ﲔ ﴾ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ﴿ :‬ﺗﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻚ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹺﺓ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻔ ﹸﺘﻮﻧ ﹶﹶﻚ ﹸﻗ ﹺﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻔﺘﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﴾‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﱡ‬

‫ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪.١٧٦ :‬‬

‫))ﺃ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﳊ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮﺍﺋﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘﻲ ﹶﻓ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹾﻭ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹴﺮ (( ‪ ٤‬ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺮﻳﻤ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺪ ﺍﺷﹾ ﹶﺘﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﺟ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜﺎ ﹺﻡ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻮﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻔ ﱠﺼ ﹶﻠ ﹰﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻃ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪104‬‬

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‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﱡ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺙ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺﺷﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﱠﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻌﻮﺍ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺃ ﱟﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﻠﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ ﹶﺣ ﱢﻆ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻧﺜ ﹶﹶﻴ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺽ‪ :‬ﻟﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱡ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪ :‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜﹶﺮ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹶﲈ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﺜ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺱ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹲﺖ ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹴﻦ ﹶﻓﻠ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹾﻨﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻨﺖ ﺍﻻ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ‪ :‬ﱡ‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠﺜ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼ ﹺﰐ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺏ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹲﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﹺ ﹲﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﳖ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠﺜ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻂ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺩ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻌ ﱢﺼ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹲﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﺰ ﹶﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺧﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻌ ﱢﺼ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺧ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴﻘ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹺﹸ‬
‫ﺱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻟﹺﻼ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺓ ﻷ ﱟﻡ ﹶﻭﺍﻷ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻮﺍﺕ‪ :‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﺫ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧﹶﺎﺛﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹸﺚ‪ ،‬ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻮ￯ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔﺮﻭﻉﹺ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠ ﹸﳖ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮﺑﻊ ﹶﻣﻊ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹺﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﱡﹸﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺝ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻﺩ ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫‪105‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭﺝﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹺﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺱ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻷ ﱠﻡ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺧﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹸﺚ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠ ﹶﺚ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﹺﰲ‪ :‬ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭﺝﹴ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺟﻌ ﹶﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﳖﺎ‬
‫ﺱ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺩ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺠ ﱠﺪﺓ ﱡ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹸﺃ ﱞﻡ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱡﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ ﱡ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺙ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺿ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹸﻩ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹰﻴﺒﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹸﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﱡﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺗﹶﻌ ﹺﺼﻴﺒﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺃ ﱠ ﹸﳖ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹾ ﹰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺝﹺ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺥﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱢﻡ‪ -‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺒ ﹲ‬
‫ﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬‫ﲨ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﻷ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻨﺎﺅﹸ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﻷﺷﻘ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻡ ﹶﺃﺑﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺑ ﹶﻨﺎﺅﹸ ﹸﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹴ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﱢﺪ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻷ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻡ ﹾﺍﻷﺷﻘ ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻼ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻨ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪106‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺽ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺔ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳﺒﻖﹶ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺽ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹲﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻜ ﹸﻦ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻕ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﱡ‬

‫ﺎﺻﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱰﺗﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹺﰐ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌ ﹸﺼﻮ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹸﹶﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺠ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻭ ﹺﺟ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺑ ﹸﻨ ﱠﻮﺓﹲ‪،‬‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺑ ﱠﻮﺓﹲ‪،‬‬

‫ﻮﻫ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺧ ﱠﻮ ﹲﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻨ ﹸ‬

‫ﻮﻫ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈ ﹲﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻨ ﹸ‬

‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺒﺎﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱢﺼ ﹸﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻓﻴ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬﻢ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺏ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹴﺓ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﱢﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺏ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻟ ﹰﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮﺍ ﹰﺀ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﱢﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﻮ￯ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‬
‫ﻴﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹴ‬
‫ﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹺﻘ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﻷﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻏ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺙ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺌﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻋﺎﺻ ﹴ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ ﹸﻓ ﹸﺮ ﹲ‬
‫ﻭﺽ ﹶﺗ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻘ ﹸﻂ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻀ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹰﻀﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻓﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺿ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺃ ﱟﻡ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﺳ ﱠﺘ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹸﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹲﺝ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﱞﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﱞﺖ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﻟﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﲈﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪107‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹲﺥ ﹺ ﹸﻷ ﱟﻡ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹸﻮﺍ ﺍ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﻟﹺﺘﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺃ ﱟﻡ ﺛﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹴﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﺓ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﱞﻡ ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹲﺝ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺃ ﹲﺏ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻒ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺ ﹸﻷ ﱟﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺧ ﱠﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃﻣﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ‬

‫ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻭﺍﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹲﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﴩ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺽ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﱠﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻬﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹲﺐ‪ :‬ﹸﺭ ﱠﺩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹸﻞ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﺫﻱ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺿ ﹺﻪ‬

‫ﻭﺽ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺼﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺙ ﹶﺫ ﹸﻭﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺣﺎﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻋ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﺍ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺙ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﻟﹺﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﻑ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﺼﺎﻟﹺﺢﹺ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﺎﻣ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﹸﻳ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻛﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧ ﹶﹾﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺮ ﱠﺗ ﹶﺒ ﹴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹸ ﹶﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﹸﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻬﻴ ﹺﺰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺱ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻮ ﱠﺛ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﻳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻﻴ ﹲﺔ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻔ ﹸﺬ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠﺜﹺ ﹺﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻸ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻨﺒﹺ ﱢﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻗﻲ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪108‬‬

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‫ﺍﻹﺭ ﹺ‬
:‫ﺙ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹲﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹾ ﹺ ﹾ‬
،‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺐ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹸ‬
.‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺀ‬

:‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮﺍﻧﹺ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹲﺔ‬
،‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻞ‬

،‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﱡﻕ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
.‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﺧﺘﹺ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻑ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬

‫ﺎﻻﺣﺘﹺﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹰ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻁ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺾ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ ﹶﻋﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺖ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬:‫ﻼ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻘﻮ ﹰﺩﺍ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮﺭ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻗﺴﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹺﲑ ﹺ‬،‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺙ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺣﺘﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻁ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﻬ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
.‫ﺍﷲ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻗ ﱠﺮ ﹶﺭ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
1. Definisi Warisan
2. Dasar-Dasar Dalil Tentang Hukum Warisan
3. Beberapa Rincian Tentang Pewaris dari Kandungan Dasar-Dasar Dalil
4. Rincian ‘Ashâbah
5. Hukum ‘Ashâbah
6. Urutan ‘Ashâbah yang Lebih Didahulukan dalam Pembagian
7. Tentang Al-‘Aul
8. Tentang Ar-Radd
9. Kedudukan Dzâwul Arhâm
10. Perihal Harta Peninggalan Orang yang Tidak Memiliki Ahli Waris
11. Hak-Hak yang Berkaitan dengan Harta Peninggalan Mayyit
12. Sebab-Sebab Pewarisan

<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄

109

S

‫‪13. Penghalang-Penghalang Pewarisan‬‬
‫‪14. Tentang Ahli Waris yang Berada dalam Kandungan, yang Keberadaannya‬‬
‫‪Tidak Diketahui, Atau yang Semisalnya‬‬

‫‪Bab Pembebasan Budak‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗﺒ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲣ ﹺﻠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﱢﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺼ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱢ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ;‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺬ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻀ ﹴﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺃ ﱡﻳ ﹶﲈ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹴﺉ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﻠﻢﹴ ﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹰﺀﺍ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﻠ ﹰﲈ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﻋ ﹾﻀ ﹰﻮﺍ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺎ ﹺﺭ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﺃﻓ ﹶﹾﻀ ﹸﻞ؟ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ))ﺃ ﱡﻱ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻏﹾ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹰﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻖ‪:‬‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻆ )ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﺘ ﹺﻖ( ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌ ﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺣﻢﹴ ﹶ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺮ ﹴﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﺑﹺﻌﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻊ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻀ ﹴﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻀﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻘ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻤﺜ ﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﴪﺍ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﴍ ﹰﻛﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻠﻎﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹴﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﺄ ﹾﻋ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻲ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﻛﺎﺅﹸ ﹸﻩ ﹺﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺼ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒﺪ ﹸﻗ ﱢﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹸﻗ ﱢﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ (( ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣﺸﹾ ﹸﻘ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹸﺘ ﹾﺴﻌ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﹺﻋ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺﻤﻮﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺪﺑﺮ‪ ،‬ﹸﻳﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻖ ﺑﹺﻤﻮﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺧﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺜ ﹸﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺚ; ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹶ ﱠﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹰﻼ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧ ﹶﹾﺼﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹸﻏ ﹶﻼﻣ ﹰﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺩ ﹸﺑ ﹴﺮ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،-‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻪ ﹺﻣ ﱢﻨﻲ؟ ﹶﻓﺎﺷﹾ ﹶﱰﹶﺍ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻠﻎﹶ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱠﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﻧ ﹶﹸﻌ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻢ ﹾﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹲﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﺎ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﲈﻧﹺ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹺﹶﺔ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻚ((‬

‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﻗﻴﻖﹶ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺴ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﻤ ﹴﻦ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺟ ﹴﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻱ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﴾ ]ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻮﺭ‪ [٣٣ :‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌﻨﹺﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜﺎﺗﹺ ﹸﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋﻠ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﻓﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺩﻳﻨﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹾﺴ ﹰﺒﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹺﺧ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻛ ﹾﺴ ﹲﺐ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻳ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸﻉ ﹺﻋ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﻴﻒ ﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺎﺩ ﺑﹺﻌ ﹾﺘﻘﻪ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻛ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﺑﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳﻌﺘﹺ ﹸﻖ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻜﺎﺗ ﹸﹶﺐ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺍﺀ ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫))ﺍﳌ ﹶﻜﺎﺗ ﹸﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹲﺪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘﺎ ﹶﺑﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫ ﹲﻢ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤﺮ ﹶﻣﻮ ﹸﻗﻮ ﹰﻓﺎ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫))ﺃ ﱡﻳ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺕ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﺢ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻗ ﹸ‬
‫ﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬‫ﴈ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹸﺣ ﱠﺮ ﹲﺓ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ(( ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻑ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ -‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪Definisi Al-‘Itq‬‬
‫‪Keutamaan Al-‘Itq‬‬
‫?‪Kapan Seorang Dianggap Merdeka‬‬
‫‪Tentang Al-Mudabbar‬‬
‫‪Tentang Al-Mukâtabah‬‬
‫?‪Kapan Pembebasan Budak Tidak Disyariatkan‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪7. Sebagian Ketentuan Mukâtabah‬‬

‫‪df‬‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ˇ‬
‫<“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫^|‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫^‪Ž ”đfl÷]<h‬‬
‫‪KITAB NIKAH‬‬

‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻠ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹾﺝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ‬
‫ﴩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺾ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ ﹾﻮﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹲﺎﺀ((‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﻏ ﱡ‬
‫ﴫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹸﻦ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮﺝﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘﻄ ﹾﻊ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹸﺢ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹴﻊ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳍﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴﺒﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻇ ﹶﻔﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺬ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﺗ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴ ﹸﻨ ﹶﻚ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺩﻳﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹸﺩﻭ ﹶﺩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻟﻮ ﹶﺩ ﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻴﺒ ﹶﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﱢ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺫ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒﻐﻲ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺨ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗﻊ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻣﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹴﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻈﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣﺎ ﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻋﻮ ﹸﻩ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﻧﹺ ﹶﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﹶ‬

‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﻟﹺﻠﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﱰ ﹶﹸﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺢ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺨ ﹾﻄ ﹶﺒﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﴫ ﹸ‬

‫ﻳﺾ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻦ ﺑﹺﻤﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺟ ﹶﻨﺎﺡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹸﻜﻢ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹶﻋﺮ ﹾﺿ ﹸﺘﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺧ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹺﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٣٥ :‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻟﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻏ ﹲﺐ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻔﻮﺗﹺﻴﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺾ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻚ‪،‬‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﻄ ﹶﺐ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻋﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺨ ﹾﻄﺒ ﹺﺔ ﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻣﺴﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻋ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺸﹶ ﱡﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺪ ﹺ ﱠﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶ‬

‫ﴍﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭﺳﻴ ﹶﺌ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺫ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻌﻴ ﹸﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﺘﻐﹾ ﹺﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹸﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲈﻟﹺ ﹶﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﳞ ﹺﺪ ﹺﻩ‬
‫ﹶﱢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻀ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻳ ﹾﻀ ﹺﻠ ﹾﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹶﻱ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﻳﻚ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹸ ﹶﳏﻤ ﹰﺪﺍ ﹶﻋﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭﺭﺳﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﻘﹾﺮ ﹸﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﺁ ﹶﻳ ﹴ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﴪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻀ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱠﻼ ﹸﺙ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻓ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺍ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻖ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻘﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹸﲤﻮﺗ ﱠﹸﻦ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹸﺘﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﴾ ]ﺁﻝ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻥ‪[١٠٢ :‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﱃ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺳ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺍ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺑ ﹸﻜ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻜﻢ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹴﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠﻖﹶ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭﺑ ﱠﺚ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹰ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﺍ ﹶﻭﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹰﺀ ﹶﻭﺍ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢﻣﻦ ﱠﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹰ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺎﻡ ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹸﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻗ ﹰﻴﺒﺎ ﴾‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺍ ﱠﺗ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻗﻮ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹰ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺍ ﴾ ﺍﻵﻳﺘﲔ‬
‫ﻻ ﹶﺳ ﹺﺪ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬

‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺰﺍﺏ‪[٧١ ،٧٠ :‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹸﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﱢﱄ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﺯﹶ ﱠﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﳚ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺏ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻆ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻜ ﹾﺤ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬

‫‪113‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭﺝﹺ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﻧﹶﺎﺋﹺﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻗﺒﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹸﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻆ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻗﺒﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺖ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻭ ﹶ‬
‫‪Kesunnahan Nikah‬‬
‫‪Kriteria Perempuan yang Dinikahi‬‬
‫‪Tentang Pembolehan Nazhar‬‬
‫‪Larangan Khitbah di Atas Khitbah Saudaranya‬‬
‫‪Tentang Meng-Khitbah Perempuan pada Masa Iddah dengan Terang‬‬‫‪Terangan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Mengkhitbah Perempuan yang Telah Ba`In dengan Ta’ridh‬‬
‫‪Bentuk Ta’ridh dalam Khitbah‬‬
‫‪Khutbah Hajat dalam Akad Nikah‬‬
‫‪Keharusan Ijab dan Qabul‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬
‫‪9.‬‬

‫‪Bab Syarat-syarat Nikah‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺿﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹾﺠ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺔ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹺ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﱢﱄ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﱟﱄ((‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫))ﻻ ﻧ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺰ ﹺﻭﻳﺞﹺ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱠﺮ ﹺﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﻮﻫﺎ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻼ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹶﻝ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪114‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗﺮ ﹸﺏ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﲥﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺏ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺒ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹸﺢ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹺﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱢﻳ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺄ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹸﺢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺮ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﻒ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹸ ﹶﳖﺎ؟ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺄ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹸﻜ ﹶﺖ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺡ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺃ ﹾﻋﻠ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻼﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺪ ﱢﻑ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺎﺭ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹾﻇ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺎﺭ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴬ ﹸﺏ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﲑ ﹸﻛ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﺲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹺ ﱢﱄ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺰ ﹺﻭﳚ ﹶﹸﻬﺎ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻔ ﹰﻮﺍ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻔﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒﺀ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺏ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻀ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶﻔ ﹲﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﻏ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺒ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮﻳ ﹶﻠ ﹰﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹺﻭ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺰ ﹺﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻔ ﹰﺆﺍ‪ :‬ﺯﹶ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻋ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻡ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﱡﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹸﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻄ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﱡﱄ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻭ ﹺ ﱠﱄ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ(( ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺤ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌﻴﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹸﹾﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ‪ :‬ﺯﹶ ﱠﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻚ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨﺘﻲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺻ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻤ ﱢﻴ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻫﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹰﻀﺎ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻮﺍﻧ ﹺﻊ ﺑﹺﺄ ﹶﺣﺪ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺤﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫‪Syarat dan Ketentuan Perihal Saling Ridha Antara Kedua Mempelai‬‬
‫‪Syarat Wali‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Orang yang Berhak Menjadi Wali‬‬
‫‪Syarat dan Rincian Tentang Pengumuman Nikah‬‬
‫‪Tentang Kafâ`Ah dalam Nikah‬‬
‫?‪Bagaimana Apabila Wali Tidak Ada‬‬

‫‪115‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫‪7. Tentang Penentuan Mempelai dalam Akad Nikah dengan Nama Atau‬‬
‫‪Sifatnya‬‬
‫‪8. Tentang Terlepasnya Kedua Mempelai dari Penghalang Nikah‬‬

‫‪Bab Orang-orang yang Tidak Boleh Dinikahi‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﳌ ﹶﺤ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹸ‬
‫• ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹲﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﱠﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻣ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻨ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﲥ ﱠﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹸ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﺎﻻ ﹸﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﲈ ﹸﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺻﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫• ﹶﻭﺳﺒﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺿﺎﻉﹺ ‪ ،‬ﻧ ﹺﹶﻈﲑ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛﻮﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﹾﹲ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﱠﻦ‪:‬‬
‫• ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹲﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱢ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸﺃ ﱠﻣ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪116‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺎﲥ ﱠﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻦ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺄ ﱠﻣ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺎﲥﹺ ﱠﻦ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹸ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﺕ ﹾﺍﻵﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺑ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺰ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻦ‪ ،‬ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺴ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺿﺎﻉﹴ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﻗﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹸﺣﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹸﻜﻢ ﹸﺃﻣ ﹶﻬﺎﺗ ﹸﹸﻜﻢ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ]ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪[٢٤ ،٢٣ :‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺿﺎﻉﹺ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫))ﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹴﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺤ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﱠﻤﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺧﺎ ﹶﻟﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺤ ﱢﺮ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹴﻊ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻚ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﺳ ﹶﻠﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹸﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻊ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺍﻗ ﹶﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹰﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﴾ ]ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪[٢٣ :‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﲡ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻌﻮﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ‪:‬‬

‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫‪117‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹸﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻠﻎﹶ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹺﺍﲏ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺗ ﹸﺘ ﹶ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻄ ﹸﺆ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ﹺﴤ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨﻜ ﹶﺢ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹰﺟﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳘﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌ ﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻃ ﹶﺊ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﺍﺀ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ￯ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸﳛ ﱢﹶﺮ ﹶﻡ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻃﻮ ﹶﺀ ﹶﺓ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮﺍﺝﹴ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﻣ ﹾﻠﻜﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺰ ﱡﻭﺝﹴ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹸﳛ ﱢﹶﺮ ﹸﻡ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻄﺎﻡﹺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﲬﺲ ﺭ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻌ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛﺜ ﹸﹶﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺩ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹰﺩﺍ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤﺮ ﹺﺿﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺼ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﴩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺤ ﹺﺮﻳﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺮ ﹺﺿﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻛﺎﻧﹾﺘﹺﺸﹶ ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹺ ﹸ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫‪1. Pembagian Orang-Orang yang Tidak Boleh Dinikahi‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Orang-Orang yang Tidak Boleh Dinikahi Selamanya‬‬

‫‪3. Rincian Orang-Orang yang Tidak Boleh Dinikahi Hingga Batas Waktu‬‬
‫‪Tertentu‬‬
‫‪4. Seputar Jumlah Istri yang Diperbolehkan untuk Seseorang yang Merdeka‬‬
‫‪dan Seorang Budak‬‬
‫‪5. Tentang Menggauli Budak‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Muallaf‬‬
‫‪7. Pernikahan Seseorang Mempunyai Dua Istri yang Bersaudara Atau Lebih‬‬
‫‪dari Empat Istri‬‬
‫‪8. Tentang Menikahi Perempuan yang Sedang Ihram‬‬
‫‪9. Tentang Menikahi Perempuan yang Berada dalam Masa Iddah‬‬
‫‪10. Tentang Menikahi Pezina‬‬
‫‪11. Tentang Menikahi Kembali Perempuan yang Telah Ditalak Tiga‬‬
‫‪Sebelumnya‬‬
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‫‪12. Ketentuan Seputar Menikahi Dua Budak Perempuan yang Bersaudara‬‬
‫‪13. Tentang Anak Susuan dan Ketentuannya‬‬
‫‪14. Hubungan Antara Anak Susuan dan Ibu Susuannya Bersama‬‬
‫‪Suaminya‬‬

‫‪Bab Syarat-syarat dalam Nikah‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﱰ ﹸﻃ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﴪ￯ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳜ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛﺎﺷﹾ ﹺﱰﹶﺍﻁ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺩﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺑ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺﺯﻳﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻣﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻭﻧﹶﺤﻮ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹲﻞ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻖ ﱡ ﹸ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩﻭﻁ ﺃﻥﹾ ﺗﹸﻮ ﹸﻓﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﺝ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻁ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﴍ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹶﺪﺓﹲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛﻨﹺ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺸﱢ ﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺺ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹰﻻ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺤ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺤ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﻧﹺ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ﺍﻟﺸﱢ ﻐﹶ ﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺰ ﱢﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻮ ﱢﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺰ ﱢﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹸﺮ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹶﻮ ﱢﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺤ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺻ ﹺﺤ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Definisi Syarat dalam Nikah‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Syarat Shahih‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪3. Rincian Syarat-Syarat yang Rusak:‬‬
‫‪a. Nikah Mut’ah‬‬
‫‪b. Nikah Tahlil‬‬
‫‪c. Nikah Syighar‬‬

‫‪Bab Aib dalam Nikah‬‬

‫ﺎﳉ ﹸﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴ ﹰﺒﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﱪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺹ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺦ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺗ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻋ ﱢﻨﻴ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹸﺃ ﱢﺟ ﹶﻞ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺣﺎﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺦ‪.‬‬

‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻘﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﻗ ﹺﻪ ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻭﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻗ ﹲ‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﺕ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻖ‪ :‬ﹸﺧ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹺﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺖ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﻳﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻗ ﱠﺼ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻳﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﺕ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻳﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﺣ ﹶ‬
‫))ﺧ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﱠﺮ ﹸﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻘ ﱡﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺟ ﹸﻊ ﱠ‬

‫‪Bolehnya Faskh Nikah Bila Terdapat Aib‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Aib yang Boleh Di-Faskh‬‬
‫‪Tentang Budak Perempuan yang Dibebaskan‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Mahar Antara Faskh Nikah Sebelum Dukhûl dan‬‬
‫‪Setelahnya‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]÷‪ˇ í‬‬
‫‪—Ž ]Ç‬‬
‫^‪Ć h‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB MAHAR‬‬

‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ ﹶ ﹾﲣ ﹺﻔ ﹸﻴﻔ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺳﺌﹺ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ؟ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ‪:‬‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﺓ ﹸﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﺯ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹺﻪ ﺛﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻗ ﱠﻴ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭﻧﹶﺸﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹺﺭﻱ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﱡﺶ؟ ﹸﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺖ‪ :‬ﹶﻻ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﹺﺼ ﹸﻒ ﹸﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻗ ﱠﻴ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺘﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻚ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲬ ﹸﺴ ﹺﲈﺋ ﹺﹶﺔ ﹺﺩ ﹾﺭ ﹶﻫﻢﹴ (( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺘﻖﹶ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹺﻋ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﲤﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹴ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺧ ﹶ ﹰ‬
‫ﻳﺪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺢ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﻟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘﻤ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻗ ﱠﻞ‪ -‬ﹶﺻ ﱠﺢ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹰﻗﺎ‪.‬‬‫ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹰﺓ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺴ ﱢﻢ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹰﻗﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻬ ﹸﺮ ﹾﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺘﻌ ﹸﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺳ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﻘ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﱰ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺿﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹶﲤ ﱡﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻻ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬

‫‪121‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺳ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﻘ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﹶﺣﻘﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻀ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱢﺘ ﹸﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﱰ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹰ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﲔ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٣٦ :‬‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺴﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ ﱠﹸ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻕ ﹶﻛﺎﻣ ﹰ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭﺝﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻗ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﱠﺼ ﹸﻒ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹸﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬ ﹺﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻂ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹸﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹴﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺨ ﹺﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻴﺒﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﴚ ﹴﺀ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺟﱪ ﹶﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻐﻲ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻤ ﱢﺘ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻉ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٤١ :‬‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﹶﺣﻘﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺘ ﹺﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘﺎﺕ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹲ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫‪1. Kesunnahan Peringanan Mahar‬‬
‫‪2. Bagaimana Bila Seorang Perempuan Dinikahi Tetapi Maharnya Tidak‬‬
‫?‪Disebutkan‬‬
‫‪3. Kalau Seorang Perempuan Ditalak Sebelum Dukhûl‬‬
‫?‪4. Kapan Mahar Harus Diserahkan Secara Sempurna‬‬
‫?‪5. Kapan Mahar Digugurkan‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Mut’atut Talaq‬‬

‫‪Bab Mempergauli Keluarga‬‬

‫ﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻡ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﻒ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹺﻤﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺫ￯‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣﻘ ﹸﱠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺎﻋ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺘﺎﻉﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻡ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺮ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹸﺮﻭﺝﹺ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳋ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹾﺒﺦﹺ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻛﺴﻮ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻫ ﱠﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹺ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﴾ ]ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ‪[١٩ :‬‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑﺍ((‬
‫))ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺻﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺀ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻛﻢ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ((‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﺧ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹸ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻋﺎ ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺﻓﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺷ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺖ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﲡﻲ ﹶﺀ‪ :‬ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻨ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹶﻼﺋﹺ ﹶﻜ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺼﺒﹺ ﹶﺢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﲔ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺﹾﺪ ﹸﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻝ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹾﺍﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻝ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳘﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺷﻘﱡ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﺎﺋﹺ ﹲﻞ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟﺜ ﱢﱠﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹴ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﹶﺲ‪)) :‬ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﻨﺔ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺝ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺝ ﺍﻟﺜ ﱢﱠﻴ ﹶﺐ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻢ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹸﺔ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺃ ﹶﺭﺍ ﹶﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻳ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻉ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭﺝﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺣﻘ ﹶﱠﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻮ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹺﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺖ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺑﹺ ﹾﻨ ﹸﺖ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻌﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺﹾﺴ ﹸﻢ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻌﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺩﺓﹶ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﻧ ﹸﹸﺸﻮﺯﹶ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻇ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺕ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺮﺍﺋﹺ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻈ ﹶﻬﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﴏ ﹾﺕ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻀ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹶ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﺗ ﹺﹶﺪ ﹾﻉ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱪﺡﹴ ‪.‬‬
‫ﴐ ﹶ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﴐ ﹰﺑﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻣ ﹶ ﱢ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣﺎﻧﹺ ﹰﻌﺎ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﳊ ﱢﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻕ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ :‬ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﱢ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹺﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻜ ﹰﲈ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻜ ﹰﲈ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻤ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮﻳﻖﹶ ‪ ،‬ﹶ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻔﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻳﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻳﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺟﺎﺯﹶ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫‪1. Beberapa Etika Pergaulan Suami Istri‬‬
‫‪2. Kewajiban-Kewajiban Istri‬‬
‫‪3. Kewajiban-Kewajiban Suami‬‬
‫‪4. Tahapan-Tahapan yang Ditempuh Apabila Terjadi Nusyuz‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫’‪Bab Khul‬‬

‫ﺍﻕ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻗﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹺﺧ ﹾﻔ ﹸﺘﻢ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺪﻭ ﹶﺩ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﺍ ﹾﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺪ ﹾﺕ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٢٩ :‬‬

‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘﻮ ﹶﻗ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻫﺖ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻠﻖﹶ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺧﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺖ ﺃ ﱠﻻ ﺗﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺒ ﹸﺬ ﹶﻝ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹰﺿﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻴ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛﺜﹺ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺ ﱠﳑ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺼ ﱡﺢ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺩ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺪﻭ ﹶﺩ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻟﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻮﻑ ﺃ ﱠﻻ ﺗﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺱ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺭﺍﺋﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹸﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻕ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﱠﻨ ﹺﺔ((‪.‬‬
‫’‪1. Definisi Khul‬‬
‫’‪2. Dalil Dasar Tentang Khul‬‬
‫’‪3. Ketentuan Khul‬‬
‫‪4. Tentang Bahaya Permintaan Khul’ Tanpa Hak‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪125‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫^‪Ć h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫<]÷‪—Ž ¯ˇŞ‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB TALAK‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﺻ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻄ ﱢﻠ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﲥﹺ ﱠﻦ ﴾ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‪[١ :‬‬

‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‬
‫ﴪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﻟﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﲥﹺ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻓ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ -‬ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺣﺎﺋﹺ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ -‬ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺾ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻝ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﺛﻢ ﹾﻟﻴ ﹾﱰ ﹾﹸﻛ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹸﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﲢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺾ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻄ ﹸﻬ ﹶﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫))ﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺ ﹾ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺘﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻚ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻚ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻤ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹶﻄ ﱢﻠﻘ ﹶﹾﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹸﻄ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﹶ ﹶﳍﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺎﺀ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹶﻳﺔ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫))ﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰﻼ((‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﺩﻟﹺ ﹲ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻄ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶﺣﺎﺋﹺ ﹲ‬
‫ﺾ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﹶﻃ ﹰ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹸﻃﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻃﺊ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺒ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻕ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ ﹶﺩ ﱠﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ‪:‬‬

‫ﴏﻳﺢﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻬ ﹸﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻕ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻆ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﴫ ﹶﻑ‬
‫ﮉﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻕﮉ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺗ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪126‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻕ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺩ ﱠﻟ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻮ￯ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺮﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻕ‪:‬‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹶﻨ ﱠﺠ ﹰﺰﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﲏ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹾﺖ ﹶﻃﺎﻟﹺ ﹲﻖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺘﻰ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﴍ ﹴﻁ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹸﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹶﻼ ﹺ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹸﻁ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻋ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻕ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﻭ ﹺﺟ ﹶﺪ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫‪1. Dasar Dalil Tentang Talak‬‬
‫‪2. Bentuk-Bentuk Lafazh Talak‬‬
‫‪3. Bentuk-Bentuk Penjatuhan Talak‬‬

‫]‪Pasal [Talak Bâ`in dan Talak Raj’îy‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤﻠ ﹸﻚ ﹾ ﹸ ﱡ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺﻨﹺ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹴ ﹶﺻ ﹺﺤﻴﺢﹴ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻫﺎ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﱠﲤ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﲢ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨﻜ ﹶﺢ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹰﺟﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻕ ﹶﻣﺮﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﲢ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٣٠ ،٢٢٩ :‬‬
‫ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨﻜ ﹶﺢ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹰﺟﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻕ ﹶﺑﺎﺋﹺ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻊ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻞ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺍﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻜ ﹾﺤ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠﻖﹶ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﱡ‬
‫ﻮﻝ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬

‫‪127‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﹴﺓ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹶﲤ ﱡﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﳖﺎ ﴾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺰﺍﺏ‪[٤٩ :‬‬
‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱡﺪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﰲ ﻧﹺ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹴ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺳ ﹴﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺝ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺩﺍ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺖ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ￯ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻌ ﱞﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻚ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺮ ﱢﺩ ﹺﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺻ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺣﺎ ﴾‬

‫]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٢٨ :‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺴﻢﹺ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟﻌ ﱠﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﻤ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﻭﻉ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜﺎﺡﹺ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺎﺩ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹺﻬ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻱ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹴﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﴾ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‪[٢ :‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹲﺙ ﹺﺟ ﱡﺪ ﹸﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﺟ ﱞﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺰ ﹸ ﹸﳍ ﱠﻦ ﹺﺟ ﱞﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﱠﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺃ ﱠﻣﺘﹺﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹾﻪ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻜ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻫﻮﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹾ‬
‫)‪1. Kesempatan Talak yang Dimiliki Orang yang Bebas (Bukan Budak‬‬
‫?‪2. Bagaimana Apabila Talak Tiga Telah Terjadi‬‬
‫?‪3. Kapan Talak Bâ`In Dianggap Telah Jatuh‬‬
‫?‪4. Kapan Talak Raj’îy Dianggap Telah Jatuh‬‬
‫‪5. Kedudukan Perempuan yang Ditalak Raj’îy‬‬
‫‪6. Tentang Mempersaksikan Nikah, Talak, dan Rujuk‬‬

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‫‪Bab Îlâ`، Zhihâr dan Li’ân‬‬

‫]ﺍﻹ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻼ ﹸﺀ[ ‪[`Al-îlâ] /‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻹ ﹶﻳﻼ ﹸﺀ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹺﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹺﻙ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻁ ﹺﺀ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹰﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﻣ ﱠﺪ ﹰﺓ ﹶﺗ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺣﻘ ﹶﱠﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻁ ﹺﺀ‪ ،‬ﹸﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹶﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻃﺌﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﴐ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺖ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻭﻃ ﹶﺊ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹺﻥ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨ ﹶﻊ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻡ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺆ ﹸﻟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ﺎﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻕ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﻟﹺ ﱠﻠ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﱡﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻕ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻣﻮﺍ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻏ ﹸﻔ ﹲ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹶﺭﺣ ﹲ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻢ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٢٧ ،٢٢٦ :‬‬
‫ﹶﻋﻠ ﹲ‬
‫`‪1. Definisi Îlâ‬‬
‫?‪2. Bagaimana Apabila Îlâ` Sudah Melewati Empat Bulan‬‬

‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﺭ[ ‪[Azh-zhihâr]/‬‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻈ ﹶﻬ ﹸ‬

‫ﲇ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻈﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺃ ﱢﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺰﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻅ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺎﺭ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮﻳﻢﹺ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴫﳛ ﹺﹶﺔ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻜ ﹲﺮ ﹶﻭﺯﹸ ﹲ‬

‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻤ ﱠﺴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ; ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﱠ‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﻭﻥ ﹺﳌﹶﺎ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﻳ ﹶﻈ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺑﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻟﻪ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﱠﻟﺬ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫]ﺍﳌ ﹶﺠﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻟﺔ‪[٤ ،٣ :‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻌﺘﹺ ﹸﻖ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺒ ﹰﺔ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹰﺔ ﹶﺳ ﹺﺎﳌﹶ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀ ﱠﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹾﺪ‪ :‬ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺘﺎﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜﻴ ﹰﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻊ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻢ ﹺﺳ ﱢﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹶﻬﺎﺭ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹰﻘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱠﻗ ﹰﺘﺎ ﺑﹺﻮ ﹾﻗ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮ ﹲﺍﺀ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻀ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﱢ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻓﻔﻴﻪ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﲢ ﹺﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹶﲢﺮ ﹸﻣﻮﺍ ﹶﻃﻴﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﱢﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫‪ [٨٩-٨٧‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹺﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫‪Definisi Zhihâr‬‬
‫‪Keharaman Zhihâr‬‬
‫‪Konsekuensi Zhihâr‬‬
‫‪Kaffarah Zhihâr‬‬
‫‪Bentuk-Bentuk Zhihâr‬‬
‫‪Pengharaman terhadap Budak, Makanan, Pakaian, dan Selainnya‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ[ ‪[Al-li’ân] /‬‬
‫]ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹸ‬

‫ﺎﻟﺰﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺬ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ ﹶﺛ ﹶﲈﻧ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻞ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣﻰ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺪ ﹰﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﻳ ﹺﻘﻴﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻬ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹸﻋ ﹸﺪ ﹴ‬
‫ﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﱢ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻦ ﹶﻓﻴﺴ ﹸﻘ ﹸﻂ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺬ ﹺ‬
‫ﻑ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬

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‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ﴾‬
‫﴿ﻭﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺯ ﹶﻭ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺭ ﹺﺓ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻮ ﹺﺭ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺳ ﹶ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ]ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻮﺭ‪[٩-٦ :‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬﺲ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﺇﹺ ﱠ ﹶﳖﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺰﺍﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹲﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫)ﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺫﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﷲﹺ ﺇﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﳌ ﹺ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬﺲ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹸﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺫﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺗﹶﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺪ ﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﹶ‬
‫ﲔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹺﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫)ﻭﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﻏ ﹶﻀ ﹶﺐ ﱠ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺗ ﱠﹶﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻂ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﺪ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍﻧ ﹶﹾﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺬ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻢ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺑ ﹸﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹶﻠﺖ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻔﻰ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﺫ ﹺﻛﺮ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Definisi dan Ketentuan Li’ân‬‬
‫‪2. Cara Pelaksanaan Li’ân‬‬
‫‪3. Konsekuensi Apabila Li’ân Telah Terjadi‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪131‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫^‪ł h‬‬
‫<]÷ ‪ˇ √Ž‬‬
‫]‪‬‬
‫‪Ž Êˇ <Å‬‬
‫‪ŽÇ‬‬
‫]˜ ‪Ž ˇ2łŽjâł‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫“‪Ž ˇj‬‬

‫`‪KITAB IDDAH DAN ISTIBRÂ‬‬

‫ﺺ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓﺎﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺﻤﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻼ ﹴﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸﺓ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﱡﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﳌ ﹶﻔﺎﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱡﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﺣ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺕ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻄﻨﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﲨ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﹸﺕ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺ‬
‫﴿ﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﴾ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‪[٤ :‬‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻀ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻫ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻋﺎﻡ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺣﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱞ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻗﺔ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻮ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎﻡﹴ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻡ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻣ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹸﲢ ﱠﺪ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃﺓﹸ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻨ ﹴ‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﲇ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹾﹶﱰ ﹶﹸﻙ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶ ﹾﲣ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺟﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ‬
‫ﳊ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻡ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺬﻱ ﹶﻣ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻮ ﱠﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺬ ﹸﺭ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺟﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶﱰ ﱠﹶﺑ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻦ‬
‫ﺎﺭﺍ؛ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺯ ﹶﻭ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶﳖ ﹰ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹰ‬
‫ﴩﺍ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٣٤ :‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪132‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺍﳊﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫•‬

‫•‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹶﳞﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﺁ ﹶﻣ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻜﺤ ﹸﺘﻢ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶﲈ‬
‫ﻮﻫ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹶﲤ ﱡﺴ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹶﻃ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻭﳖﺎ ﴾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺰﺍﺏ‪[٤٩ :‬‬
‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻋ ﱠﺪ ﹴﺓ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱡﺪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻼ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﴫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺕ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻃﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰﻼ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿ ﹸﻊ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰﻼ‪:‬‬

‫ﺾ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺙ ﹺﺣ ﹶﻴ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﲢ ﹸ‬
‫﴿ﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹴﺔ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﻳ ﹶﱰﹶﺑﺼ ﹶﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹸﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹸﻗﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻭﺀ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٢٨ :‬‬
‫ﹶ ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻟﺼ ﹺﻐﲑ ﹺﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬‫ﺾ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻵﻳﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹺﺔ‪ -‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﲢ ﹸ‬
‫ﲢ ﹾ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﺋﹺﻲ ﹶﻳﺌﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺤ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺎﺋﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹺﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﺋﹺﻲ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻀ ﹶﻦ ﴾ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾﺍﺭﺗ ﹾﹶﺒ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹸ ﹸﲥ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‪[٤ :‬‬
‫ﳛ ﹾ‬

‫ﹶﺖ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﻀ ﹶﻬﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺿﺎ ﹴﻉ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻈ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺕ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹶﺩ‬
‫ﲢ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺾ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱡﺪ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻴ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺎﻃﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻞ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹾﺍﺭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹺﺭﻱ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹾﺕ ﺗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ ﹾ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪ ﹾﺕ ﺑﹺﺜ ﹶﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹴﺮ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺍﺭﺗﹶﺎﺑ ﹾﺖ ﺑﻌ ﹶﺪ ﺍﻧ ﹺﹾﻘ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﺓ ﻟﹺ ﹸﻈ ﹸﻬﻮﺭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣﺎﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻞ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹾﺝ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹶﹾ‬

‫ﺗ ﹸﹶﺰ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻳﺒ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻝ ﱢ‬
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‫ﺍﳊ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﺍﺟﺘﹺ ﹶﻬ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
.‫ﺎﻛﻢﹺ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱡﺪ‬
‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺴ ﹺ ﹾ‬،‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺓ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻘﻮﺩ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺘﻈ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻮﺗﻪ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹺ‬
:‫ﲡ ﹸﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻌ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﱠﺪﺓ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺓ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ ﴿ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻦ‬:‫ﺎﻣ ﹲﻞ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻓ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﺃ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﴾[ ﱠ‬
]٦ :‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‬
‫ﲪ ﹴﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄﻧ ﹺﹾﻔ ﹸﻘﻮﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻀ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻦ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺕﹶﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺺ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
.‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻄ ﹸﺆ ﹶﻫﺎ‬
‫ﱪ ﹸﺍﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﱡﺑ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾ ﹶ‬

:‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻄ ﹸﺆ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭ ﹲﺝ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴ ﹲﺪ‬
‫ﻴﺾ ﹶﺣﻴ ﹶﻀ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
،‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﲢ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﻴ ﹺ‬
،‫ﱪ ﹸﺃ ﺑﹺﺸﹶ ﹾﻬ ﹴﺮ‬
‫ﺾ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹰﻼ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿ ﹺﻊ ﹶ ﹾ‬

1. Definisi Iddah
2. Tentang Iddah Perempuan yang Ditinggal Mati Oleh Suaminya dalam
Keadaan Hamil Atau Tidak
3. Syariat Ihdad terhadap Perempuan yang Ditinggal Mati Oleh Istrinya
4. Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Ihdad
5. Perihal Iddah Perempuan yang Ditalak Oleh Suami yang Masih Hidup:
a. Iddah Perempuan yang Ditalak Sebelum Dukhûl
b. Iddah Perempuan yang Telah Dukhûl dan Telah Hamil
c. Iddah Perempuan yang Telah Dukhûl Tapi Belum Hamil
d. Iddah Perempuan yang Tidak Haidh
6. Bagaimana Bila Haidh Perempuan Terputus di Tengah Masa Iddah?
7. Bila Tanda-Tanda Kehamilan Perempuan pada Masa Iddah Meragukan
8. Iddah Perempuan terhadap Seorang Suami yang Keberadaannya Tidak
Diketahui

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫‪9. Tentang Nafkah Perempuan yang Ditalak‬‬
‫`‪10. Definisi Istibrâ‬‬
‫`‪11. Beberapa Ketentuan Seputar Istibrâ‬‬

‫‪Bab Nafkah untuk Istri, Kerabat, dan Budak‬‬
‫‪serta Pembahasan Hadhânah‬‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﺯﹶ ﻭ ﹶﺟﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻛﺴﻮ ﹸ ﹶﲥﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺴ ﹶﻜ ﹸﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭﺝﹺ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﻟﹺ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻖ ﹸﺫﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻌ ﹴﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻌﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺯ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻔ ﹾﻖ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢﻠ ﹸﻒ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ ﱠﳑﺎ ﺁﺗﹶﺎ ﹸﻩ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻫﺎ ﴾ ﱠ‬
‫]ﺍﻟﻄ ﹶﻼﻕ‪[٧ :‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹰﺴﺎ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺎ ﺁﺗ ﹶ‬

‫ﺐ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠﺒ ﹾﺖ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺰ ﹸﻡ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺟﺎﺑﹺ ﹴﺮ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹸﻜﻢ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺯ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻛﺴﻮ ﹸ ﹸﲥ ﱠﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶﻌﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻑ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹸ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺻﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻓﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻋ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮ ﹺﺍﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻏﻨﹺﻴﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﺛ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﻴﺐ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠﻤﻤ ﹸﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻙ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺎﻣ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻛ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻮﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻒ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻞ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺎ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﻴﻖ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﻳ ﹺﻄ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺰ ﱡﻭ ﹶﺝ ﺯﹶ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻪ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟﻮ ﹰﺑﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺖ ﹶ ﹶﲠﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﴬ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ‬
‫ﴍﺍ ﹰﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻜ ﱢﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱡ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﱠﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻚ ﹸﻗﻮﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫))ﻛ ﹶﻔﻰ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹾﺮﺀ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺛ ﹰﲈ ﺃﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﳛﺒﹺ ﹶ‬
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‫ﴬ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹸﺎﻡ ﺑﹺﻤ ﹶﺼ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﻀﺎﻧ ﹸﹶﺔ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹺﺣ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻆ ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻋ ﱠﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹸ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﲡ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﱠﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﻰ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﱠﻡ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱡﻖ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹰﺮﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹴﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻎﹶ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹰﻌﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹰﺮﺍ ﹸﺧ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺤﺘﹺ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﺃ ﱢﻣ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺃﺑﹺ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻧﺜﹶﻰ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﱰ ﹸﹶﻙ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺤ ﹸﻀ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺼﻮﻧ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺼ ﹺﻠ ﹸﺤ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪1. Ketentuan Kewajiban Nafkah dari Suami‬‬
‫‪2. Ketentuan Kewajiban Nafkah untuk Karib Kerabat‬‬
‫‪3. Hak-Hak Seorang Budak‬‬
‫‪4. Apabila Seorang Budak Minta Dinikahkan‬‬
‫‪5. Kewajiban terhadap Hewan Ternak‬‬
‫‪6. Definisi Hadhânah‬‬
‫‪7. Hukum Hadhânah‬‬
‫‪8. Siapa yang Lebih Berhak Memegang Hadhânah‬‬
‫‪9. Ketentuan terhadap Anak yang Telah Berumur Tujuh Tahun‬‬
‫‪10. Al-Hadhânah Orang yang Tidak Layak‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪136‬‬

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‫‪ˇł‬‬
‫‪ł‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫^‪ÌŽ€ˇ √Ž õ˘]<h‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬

‫‪KITAB MAKANAN‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﻧﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹲﺍﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ -‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹸﺒ ﹺ‬‫ﻮﺏ ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﹶﱢﲈ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‬
‫ﹸﹶ ﹲ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﹶﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴ ﱢﻢ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﴬﺓﹲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﱡ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠﻴ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ; ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫))ﻛ ﱡﻞ‬
‫ﴍ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺔ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹲﺔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹸ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻜ ﹴﺮ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻜ ﹶﺮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻕ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻞ ﹸﺀ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﻒ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﻡ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹺﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﺖ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺧﻼ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻠ ﹾﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻮ ﹸﺍﻥ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﱞﻱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺤ ﱡﻞ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺣﻴﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﱢﻴ ﹰﺘﺎ; ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹸﺃ ﹺﺣ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹸﻪ ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪[٩٦ :‬‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﱪ ﱡﻱ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻉ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻤ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻷ ﹾﺻ ﹸﻞ ﻓﻴﻪ ﹾﺍﳊ ﱡﻞ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻣﺎ ﻧ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶ ﱢ‬

‫))ﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﺫﻱ ﻧ ﹴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﺒﺎﻉﹺ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﻛ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮ ﹲﺍﻡ((‬
‫ﹶﺎﺏ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱢ‬
‫‪137‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺐ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹺﺫﻱ ﹺ ﹾﳐ ﹶﻠ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤ ﹺﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻠ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ـ ﹶ‬
‫ﳊﻮ ﹺﻡ ﹾ ﹸ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﺏ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳍ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻫ ﹺﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﮉﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹴﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴫ ﹺﺩﮉ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱡ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﴩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺒﺎﺋﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺚ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻣ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳊ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬

‫ﮉﻭ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﱠﻼ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﳖﺎﮉ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹸ ﹾﲢ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹸﻄ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹰﺛﺎﮉ‬
‫‪Jenis-Jenis Makanan‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Umum Tentang Minuman‬‬
‫‪Hukum Hewan Laut‬‬
‫‪Hukum Hewan Darat yang Diharamkan‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Bab Penyembelihan dan Hewan Buruan‬‬

‫ﻭﻥ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﻴ ﹶﻮﺍﻧ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹶﹸﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻛﺎﺓ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﱰ ﹸﹶﻁ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‬

‫ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺬ ﱢﻛﻲ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹰﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻛ ﹶﺘﺎﺑﹺﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺤ ﱠﺪ ﹴﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻬ ﹶﺮ ﱠ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪138‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻡ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺﺮﻱ ﹶﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻴ ﹺﺪ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳛ ﱡﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻩ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺃ ﱢﻱ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﺿ ﹴﻊ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺪﻧﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬﻟ ﹶﻚ ﹸﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﱰ ﹸﹶﻁ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺰ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺫ ﹾﺑ ﹺﺤ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹸﻞ ﱠ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹸﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶﳖ ﹶﺮ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻊ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺪﻳﺞﹴ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻡ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺫﻛ ﹶﺮ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹸﻔ ﹸﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺪ￯ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱠﻦ ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱡﻦ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻈ ﹲﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﱡ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺒﺸﹶ ﹺﺔ((‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻞ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈ ﹸﻔ ﹶﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﱠﻣﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ﺲ ﱢ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺡ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﱰ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻞ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺰ ﹺﺟ ﹶﺮ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﺯﹸ ﹺﺟ ﹶﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﺐ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠﻢﹺ ‪-‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃﻣﺴ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻻ ﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻞ‪ -‬ﹶﻭﻳﺴﻤﻲ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣ ﹸﺒ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺪ ﱢﻱ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺣﺎﺗﹺﻢﹴ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :-‬ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺣﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻚ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﺫ ﹸﻛ ﹺﺮ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﺫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺤ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻞ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺕ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠ ﹰﺒﺎ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﻚ ﹶﻻ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺪ ﹺﺭﻱ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﹸﳞ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻪ؟ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺖ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﺫ ﹸﻛ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻚ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠﻢ ﺗﹶﺮ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﻢ ﱠ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻚ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻞ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺌ ﹶﺖ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻏ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﹾﹰ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺪﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹺﺮﻳ ﹰﻘﺎ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻞ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺐ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﳾ ﹴﺀ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺣ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺤ ﹸﺘ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺄ ﹾﺣ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻨﻮﺍ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹺﺤ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻛ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺮﺗ ﹸﹶﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹾﻟ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺤ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ((‬
‫ﲑ ﹾﺡ ﹶﺫﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹸﺓ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛﺎ ﹸﺓ ﹸﺃ ﱢﻣ ﹺﻪ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪Keharusan Penyembelihan‬‬
‫‪Syarat-Syarat Penyembelihan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Penyembelihan untuk Hewan Buruan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Hewan yang Sulit Disembelih‬‬
‫‪Larangan Penggunaan Gigi dan Kuku Sebagai Alat Sembelihan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Anjing Pemburu dan Ketentuannya‬‬
‫‪Beberapa Etika dalam Penyembelihan‬‬
‫‪Tentang Janin dalam Perut Hewan Sembelihan‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬

‫‪Bab Sumpah dan Nadzar‬‬

‫ﹾﹶ‬
‫]ﺍﻷ ﹾﻳ ﹶﲈ ﹸﻥ[ ‪[Sumpah]/‬‬

‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﱠ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳﻢﹴ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﲈﺋﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹴﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘ ﹸﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﷲ ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻒ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﴍ ﹲﻙ‪ ،‬ﹶﻻ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻘ ﹸﺪ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬

‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹴﺮ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘﻘ ﹶﹾﺒ ﹴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﻮﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹸﺔ ﻟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬‫ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺫ ﹲﺏ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺎﳌﹰﺎ‪ -‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹸﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﺽ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻻ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻈ ﱡﻦ ﹺﺻ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻕ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟﻐﹾ ﹺﻮ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ‪ ،‬ﹺﰲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﺜﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹺﻛ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻙ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺣﻨﹺ ﹶﺚ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ‪-‬ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄﻥﹾ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭﺓﹸ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓ ﹾﻌﻠﻪ‪ :-‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻣﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹺﻛ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻮ ﹸ ﹸﲥ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻋ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻖ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺻ ﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺎﻡﹴ‪.‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪S‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﻮﻝ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒﺪ ﱠ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﺧﲑﺍ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜ ﱢﻔﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹶﻚ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﺋ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﺖ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾﹰ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺧ ﹾ ﹲﲑ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹺﺣ ﹾﻨ ﹶﺚ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ((‬
‫ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹸﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻊ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻳ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻥ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ‪:‬‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﻧﹺ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺐ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻨ ﱠﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﺭﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻔ ﹺﻆ ﱠ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﻧﹺﻴ ﹺﺔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺴ ﹶﺘﺤ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻭ￯; ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫‪Perihal Objek Sumpah‬‬
‫‪Hukum Tentang Bersumpah dengan Selain Nama Allah‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Seputar Sumpah yang Pelakunya Wajib Membayar Kaffarah‬‬
‫‪Sumpah Palsu‬‬
‫‪Sumpah Laghwu‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan Tentang Kaffarah Sumpah‬‬
‫‪Seputar Pemberian Perkecualian dalam Sumpah‬‬
‫‪Hal-Hal yang Perlu Diperhatikan dalam Hal Mengukur Hukum Suatu‬‬
‫‪Sumpah‬‬
‫ﻭﺭ[ ‪[Nadzar]/‬‬
‫]ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹸﺬ ﹸ‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬
‫‪6.‬‬
‫‪7.‬‬
‫‪8.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋﻘ ﹸﹾﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺬ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺮﻭ ﹲﻩ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶ ﹶﳖﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺬ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫))ﺇﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹺﰐ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﲑ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺨ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺝ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹺﺨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻞ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪141‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺑﹺ ﱟﺮ‪ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴢ ﱠﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹺﻪ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴ ﹺﻄ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻧ ﹶﹶﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳﻄ ﹶ‬

‫ﺎﺣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹰﻳﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳎ ﹶﺮ￯ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻨ ﹾﺬ ﹺﺭ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹶﺠﺎﺝﹺ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﺬ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻮ ﱢﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺮ ﹸﻡ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺎﺀ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪9. Kemakruhan Nadzar‬‬
‫‪10. Kewajiban Pembayaran Nadzar kepada Hal yang Baik‬‬
‫‪11. Hukum Nadzar Lajjaj, Nadzar Saat Marah, dan Nadzar Maksiat‬‬

‫‪df‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫‪S‬‬

‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫ˇ^‪l‬‬
‫<]‪Ž Ë^ˇfl¢‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫^‪Ž ł h‬‬
‫‪KITAB JINÂYÂT‬‬

‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻞ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﺣ ﱟﻖ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺴ ﹸﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺴﺎﻡﹴ‪:‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌﻤ ﹸﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﹾﺼ ﹶﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻏﺎﻟ ﹰﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹸ ﹶﳜ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺ ﱡﱄ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ؛‬
‫ﲔ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺘ ﹺﻞ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻗﺘﹺ ﹲ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ‪ :‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹶﻞ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻱ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﱠﺎﲏ‪ :‬ﹺﺷ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻤ ﹶﺪ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻏﺎﻟﹺ ﹰﺒﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋ ﹶﻄ ﹸﺄ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻊ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﺚ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴍ ﹴﺓ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺﻐﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺼ ﹴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻔﻲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻞ‪:‬‬

‫ﺎﺭ ﹸﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻞ‬
‫ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗ ﹶﹸﻮﺯﱠ ﹸﻉ‬
‫ﺎﻗ ﹶﻠﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﺼ ﹶﺒﺎﺗ ﹸﹸﻪ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺒ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹺﻤ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺎﳍﹺ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹶﹸﺆ ﱠﺟ ﹸﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺙ ﹺﺳﻨﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠﺜ ﹶﹶﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪143‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻓ ﱢﺼ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺖ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻤ ﹺﺮﻭ ﹾﺑ ﹺﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺰﻡﹴ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭﺳ ﱠﻠﻢ‪ -‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺐ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻴﻤ ﹺﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻂ‬
‫ﹶﹶ‬
‫))ﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱠﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻼ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺑﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻧ ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻮ ﹲﺩ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺮ ﹶﴇ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻟﹺﻴ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹰ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ .‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺲ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾﻒ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹸﺃ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻠﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺔ‪ ،‬ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹰﺔ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫‪:‬ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﱢ‬
‫ﻭﻋ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺪ ﹰﻋﺎ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻀ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻔ ﹶﺘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺐ‪:‬‬
‫‪.‬ﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ‪ :‬ﱢ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﱢ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹶ‬
‫‪.‬ﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱡ‬
‫‪:‬ﺍﻟﺪﻳ ﹸﺔ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺ‬
‫‪.‬ﻭ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻣﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹶﺪ ﹺﺓ‪ :‬ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﱢ‬
‫ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﱢﹶ‬
‫ﱢ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹶﺓ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻨ ﱢﻘ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺔ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺲ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ‬
‫ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠ ﹸﺚ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺔ ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠ ﹸﺚ ﱢ‬
‫ﲬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹲﺲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﱢﻦ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﱢ‬
‫ﺇﹺ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺒ ﹴﻊ ﻣ ﹾﻦ ﺃ ﹶﺻﺎﺑﹺ ﹺﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴﺪ ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺ‬
‫ﲬ ﹲﺲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻞ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻞ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺎﳌﹶ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﺿ ﹶﺤ ﹺﺔ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﹺ ﹺﻞ‪ .‬ﹶﻭﺃﻥﱠ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻒ ﹺﺩﻳ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹴﺭ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﱰ ﹸﹶﻁ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺹ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹾﻮ ﹸﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﺎﺗﹺ ﹺﻞ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹰﻔﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﱢﻕ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﲏ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺼﻮ ﹰﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹰﺌﺎ ﻟﹺ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺮ ﱠﻳ ﹺﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻼﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹸﻢ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹺﺎﻓ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱡﺮ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹺﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹰﺪﺍ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻘ ﹸﺘ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﹺﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹺﻦ ﺍ ﱢﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺀ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹺﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻕ ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣ ﹺﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﻌ ﱢﺪﻱ ﹺﰲ ﹺﺍﻻﺳﺘﹺﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺔ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻞ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹺﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹸﺎﺩ ﹸﻛ ﱡﻞ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻀ ﹴﻮ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻤ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻜ ﹶﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ ﴿ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‬:‫ﻭﻥ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﱟﺪ ; ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‬
‫ﺲ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﹾ‬
[٤٥ :‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‬
‫ﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹾﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﻧﹺﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ﹸﺛ ﹸﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻒ ﹺﺩ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹸﺩ ﹶ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻮ ﹲﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺚ ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Bentuk-Bentuk Pembunuhan Tanpa Hak
Ketentuan Diyah terhadap Pembunuhan
Rincian Kadar dan Ketentuan Diyah dalam Hadits Amr bin Hazm
Syarat-Syarat Kewajiban Qishash
Tentang Qishash terhadap Sekelompok Orang yang Telah Membunuh
Satu Jiwa
6. Cara Qishash terhadap Anggota Tubuh
7. Perbedaan Diyah Laki-Laki dan Diyah Perempuan

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‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫‪ÅÊ‬‬
‫<]‪Ž ÇŁ £‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫‪KITAB HUDUD‬‬

‫ﹶﻻ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹴ‬
‫ﻒ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺰ ﹴﻡ ﹶﻋﺎﱂﹺ ﹴ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺮﻳﻢﹺ ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣ ﹸﺎﻡ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻧﹶﺎﺋﹺﺒ ﹸﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺍﻟﺴﻴ ﹸﺪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﱠ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻤ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﺎﳉ ﹾﻠﺪ ﹶﺧ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹸ‬
‫ﱠﱢ‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺭ ﹺﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻘ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻖ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻠ ﹺﺪ ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻒ ﹶﺣ ﱢﺪ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﻗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﱢﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱡﺪ ﱠ‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan Seputar Golongan Orang yang Wajib Terkena Hukum Had‬‬
‫?‪2. Siapakah yang Menegakkan Hukum Had‬‬
‫‪3. Perbedaan Seseorang yang Merdeka dan Budak‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹶﻧﺎ[ ‪[Had Perzinahan]/‬‬
‫]ﺣ ﱡﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰﻧﹶﺎ ‪ -‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹺﻓﻌ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺣﺸﹶ ﹺﺔ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻗ ﹸﺒ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸﺩ ﹸﺑ ﹴﺮ‪:‬‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﱡﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﳘﺎ ﹸﺣﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ‪-‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹸ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺼ ﹰﻨﺎ‪ -‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺬﻱ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺰ ﱠﻭ ﹶﺝ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻭﻃ ﹶﺌ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸ ﹶ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺬﺍ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺘﻰ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺼ ﹴﻦ‪ :‬ﹸﺟ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺪ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺪ ﹴﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﻏ ﱢﺮ ﹶﺏ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹰﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪146‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﴩ ﹺﻁ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹺﻘﺮ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻣﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺔ ﹸﻋ ﹸﺪ ﹴ‬
‫ﴫ ﹸﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹾﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﻭﻝ ﹸﻳ ﹶ ﱢ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺑﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﲥﹺ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹺﺍﲏ ﹶﻓﺎﺟ ﹺﻠ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺣ ﹴﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹶﲈ ﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺋ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺪ ﹴﺓ ﴾ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫]ﺍﻟ ﱡﻨﻮﺭ‪[٢ :‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹸﻋﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺓ ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺ‬
‫))ﺧ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﹶﻋ ﱢﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﹸﺧ ﹸﺬﻭﺍ ﹶﻋ ﱢﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ :‬ﹸ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻼ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻜ ﹸﺮ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟﺒﹺ ﹾﻜ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺪ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻲ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍﻟﺜ ﱢﱠﻴ ﹸﺐ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺜ ﱢﱠﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﱠﻦ ﹶﺳﺒﹺﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﺐ‪ :‬ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹸﺪ ﹺﻣﺎﺋ ﹴﹶﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺟ ﹸﻢ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠ ﹲﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹺﺍﻻ ﹾﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﺼﺎﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺭﺟﻢﹺ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺤ ﹶﺼ ﹺﻦ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﰲ ﹺﻗﺼ ﹺﺔ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹴﺰ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺁﺧ ﹸﺮ ﹾ ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳ ﹺﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪1. Had Seorang Pezina dan Definisi Pezina‬‬
‫‪2. Beberapa Ketentuan terhadap Had Pezina‬‬
‫]ﺣ ﱡﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺬﻑ[ ‪[Had Penuduhan Perzinaan]/‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺰﻧﹶﺎ ﹸ ﹾﳏ ﹶﺼ ﹰﻨﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻜ ﹸﻤ ﹺﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩﺓﹸ‪ :‬ﹸﺟ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺛ ﹶﲈﻧﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻑ ﺑﹺ ﱢ‬

‫ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺪﺓﹰ‪.‬‬

‫ﲑ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺤ ﹶﺼ ﹺﻦ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺬ ﹸﻑ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﳊﺮ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﺎﻟﹺﻎﹸ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌﺴ ﹺﻠﻢ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻗ ﹸﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹺﻔ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺤ ﹶﺼ ﹸﻦ‪ :‬ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾ ﹸ ﱡ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan Seputar Penuduh yang Dicambuk Delapan Puluh Kali‬‬
‫‪2. Ketentuan Penuduh yang Di-ta’zir‬‬
‫?‪3. Kapan Seseorang Dianggap Sebagai Muhshan‬‬

‫‪147‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﻳﺮ[ ‪[Ta’zîr]/‬‬
‫]ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺰ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺰ ﹸﻳﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭ ﹶﺓ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺟ ﹲﺐ ﹺﰲ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺼ ﹶﻴﺔ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺪ ﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻔ ﹶ‬
‫‪1. Ketentuan Ta’zîr‬‬
‫‪2. Batasan Ta’zîr‬‬
‫‪3. Tentang Kaffarah dalam Pelaksanaan Ta’zîr‬‬

‫]ﺣ ﱡﺪ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴪ ﹶﻗﺔ[ ‪[Had Pencuri]/‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺐ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺎ ﹺﻭ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﴎ ﹶﻕ ﹸﺭ ﹸﺑ ﹶﻊ ﹺﺩﻳ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹴﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺣ ﹾﺮ ﹺﺯ ﹺﻩ‪ :‬ﹸﻗ ﹺﻄ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹺ ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻳ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺼ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﱢ‬
‫ﻒ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹸﺣ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺖ ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ￯ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺼ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺣ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﻗﻄ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺣﺒﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﲑ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﳞ ﹶﲈ ﴾ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪[٣٨ :‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻓﺎ ﹾﻗ ﹶﻄ ﹸﻌﻮﺍ ﺃ ﹾﻳﺪ ﹶ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻕ ﹶﻭ ﱠ‬

‫ﴈ ﱠﹸ‬
‫ﻮﻋﺎ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻋﺎﺋﹺﺸﹶ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹸﺗﻘ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺪ ﹶﺳﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹴﻕ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺭ ﹸﺑ ﹺﻊ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹸﻓ ﹰ‬
‫ﹺﺩﻳ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹴﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻋ ﹰﺪﺍ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﻦ‪.‬‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻊ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺜ ﹴﺮ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹸﻞ ﱡ‬

‫‪1. Ketentuan Tentang Pencuri yang Telapak Tangannya Dipotong‬‬
‫‪2. Batasan dan Etika Pemotongan Telapak Tangan.‬‬
‫?‪3. Bagaimana Kalau Pencuri yang Telah Dihad Kembali Mencuri‬‬

‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

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‫]ﺣ ﱡﺪ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺔ[ ‪[Had Perusak]/‬‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫ﻮﻥ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹸﳛﹶﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹸﺑ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺤﺎ ﹺﺭﺑﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ﴿ :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺰ ﹸﺍﺀ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻓﺴﺎ ﹰﺩﺍ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺘ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹶﺼ ﱠﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﺗ ﹶﻘ ﱠﻄ ﹶﻊ ﹶﺃﻳ ﹺﺪﳞﹺﻢ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻬﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺧ ﹶﻼ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﻑ‬
‫ﹸ ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹺﰲ ﹾﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺽ ﴾ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹶﻔﻮﺍ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻫﺎ ﹾ‬
‫]ﺍﳌﹶﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‪[٣٣ :‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄ ﹺﺮﻳﻖﹶ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹾﻬ ﹴ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳﻘ ﹶﹾﻄ ﹸﻌ ﹶ‬
‫ﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹸﻢ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹰ‬
‫ﻻ‪ :‬ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺻ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺐ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻞ‪ :‬ﹶ ﹶﲢ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻢ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹰ ﹺ‬
‫ﴪ￯‪،‬‬
‫ﻻ‪ :‬ﹸﻗﻄ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺖ ﹶﻳ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻩ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻨﻰ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺟ ﹸﻠ ﹸﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻴ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﻧ ﹺﹸﻔﻲ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺭ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬

‫‪1. Dasar Dalil Tentang Had Perusak‬‬
‫‪2. Rincian Had Perusak dari Penafsiran Ayat‬‬

‫]ﺣ ﱡﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺓ[ ‪[Had Al-bughâh]/‬‬
‫ﹶ ﹸ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻡ ﹸﻳ ﹺﺮ ﹸﻳﺪ ﺇﹺﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹶﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹺﺼﺒﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺑﺎﻍﹴ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣﺎﻡﹺ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺍﺳ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻐﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺﺯﹶ ﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻨ ﹺﻘ ﹸﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹸﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ ﱠﳑﺎ ﹶﻻ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛﺸﹾ ﹸﻒ ﹸﺷ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻬ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹺﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻬ ﹾﻮﺍ ﹶﻛ ﱠﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻬ ﹾﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﻗﺎ ﹶﺗ ﹸﻠﻮﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺭ ﹺﻋ ﱠﻴﺘﹺ ﹺﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹶﻧ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹺﺎﳍﹺ ﹾﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺿ ﹸﻄﺮ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺘ ﹺﻠ ﹺﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺎﳍﹺ ﹾﻢ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹺﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﳾ ﹶﺀ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫‪149‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪ ﹺﺍﻓ ﹸﻊ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﺪﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬ ﹰ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ ﱠ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺘ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻊ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺪﺑﹺ ﹲﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸ ﹾﳚ ﹶﻬ ﹸﺰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺮﻳﺢﹴ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳﻐﹾ ﹶﻨ ﹸﻢ ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻣ ﹲ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺒﻰ‬
‫ﹶ ﹸﳍ ﹾﻢ ﹸﺫ ﱢﺭ ﱠﻳ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﺱ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺿ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹺﺮﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﺮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺏ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﻧ ﹸﹸﻔ ﹴ‬
‫ﲔ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺗ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪.‬‬

‫‪Definisi Bughâh‬‬
‫‪Etika Seorang Pemimpin Sebelum Memerangi Al-Bughât‬‬
‫‪Kewajiban Kerja Sama Rakyat dan Pemerintah dalam Hal Ini‬‬
‫‪Ketentuan-Ketentuan Seputar Peperangan terhadap Kaum Bughâh‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬

‫‪Bab Hukum Murtad‬‬

‫ﺍﻹﺳ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻡ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹺﻔﻌ ﹴﻞ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻗﻮ ﹴﻝ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹾﺍﻋﺘﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﺮﺗ ﱡﹶﺪ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‪ :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺩ‬
‫ﹾ ﹾ ﹾ ﹾ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﹾ ﹺ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺷ ﱟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹺ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﻬ ﹸﻢ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶ ﹾﳜ ﹸﺮ ﹸﺝ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺪ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻼﻡﹺ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹺﺟ ﹸﻊ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺮ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﲈ ﹸﺀ ﹶﺭ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹸﺳ ﹸ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺤﺪ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﻀﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹸﻛ ﱡﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺤﺪ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺑﹺﻪ ﱠ‬
‫ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺄ ﱢﻭ ﹴﻝ ﹺﰲ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺤ ﹺﺪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻌ ﹺ‬
‫ﺾ‪.‬‬
‫ﻴﺐ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﻳﺎﻡﹴ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻊ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺴﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ ﹾﺍﺭﺗ ﱠﹶﺪ‪ :‬ﹸﺍ ﹾﺳ ﹸﺘﺘﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﱠﹾ‬
‫‪1. Definisi Murtad‬‬
‫‪2. Bentuk-Bentuk Kemurtadan‬‬
‫‪3. Seputar Pemberian Waktu Tiga Hari kepada Si Murtad untuk Bertaubat‬‬
‫‪Sebelum Dibunuh‬‬

‫‪df‬‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪150‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫^‪ł h‬‬
‫“‪Ł ˇj‬‬
‫^‪Ć Êˇ <‬‬
‫<]÷ ˇ‪ˇ œ‬‬
‫]÷‪HÔÊˇ ^¬ˇ Ç‬‬
‫‪Žñ‬‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫ˇ‬
‫‪Ć‬‬
‫‪ł‬‬
‫ˇ‬
‫ˇ‬
‫]‪l‬‬
‫^‪Å‬‬
‫„‬
‫<]÷‪é‬‬
‫]≈‬
‫‪Á‬‬
‫‪fi‬‬
‫ˇ‬
‫‪Ž‬‬
‫ˇ‪Ž ˇflđÈˇf÷]ł Ê‬‬
‫^‪Ž _Êˇ <l‬‬
‫‪KITAB QADHA, PENUNTUTAN,‬‬
‫‪BUKTI-BUKTI, DAN BENTUK-BENTUK‬‬
‫‪PERSAKSIAN‬‬

‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻀ ﹸﺎﺀ ﹶﻻ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﻟﹺﻠ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻓ ﹸﻬ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻹ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻡ ﻧﹶﺼ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹶﻔﺎﻳ ﹸﺔ ﹺ ﱠﳑ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻣﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹲﺔ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻀ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺀ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹺﻋﻴ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺗ ﹾﹶﻄﺒﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹾﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻘ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻊ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﺎ ﹺﺭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﺔ ﹶﺑ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﻤ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓﺔ ﺍﻷ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻜﺎ ﹺﻡ ﱠ ﹾ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻷﻣﺜ ﹶﹶﻞ ﹺﰲ ﱢ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﴈ‪.‬‬
‫ﱪ ﹺﺓ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹶﻔﺎﺕ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺘ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻮ ﱢ ﹶﱄ ﹾﺍﻷ ﹾﻣﺜ ﹶﹶﻞ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹰ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻛ ﹶ‬
‫ﲑ ﹸﻩ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﻐﹶ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻪ ﹶﻋ ﱠﲈ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﱡﻢ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻨ ﹸﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﻼ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹸﻳ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﺟ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪)) :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶﹾﻜ ﹶﺮ((‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪)) :‬ﺇﹺﻧ ﹶﱠﲈ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹺﴤ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹾﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻤ ﹸﻊ((‪.‬‬

‫‪151‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫ﹶﻓ ﹶﻤ ﹺﻦ ﱠﺍﺩ ﹶﻋﻰ ﹶﻣ ﹰﺎﻻ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻮ ﹸﻩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ‬
‫ﺇﹺﻣﺎ ﹶﺷ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹶﻻ ﹺﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻋﻲ؛‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬

‫ﹺ ﹺﹺ‬
‫ﻴﺪ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺭ ﹶﺟﺎﻟﹺ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜﻮﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﺘﺸﹾ ﹺﻬ ﹸﺪﻭﺍ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬ ﹶ‬
‫ﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹶﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﺗ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺀ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٨٢ :‬‬
‫ﹶﺎﻥ ﹺ ﱠﳑ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱡ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺸ ﹺ‬
‫ﺻ ﱠﲆ ﱠ ﹸ‬‫ﺎﻫ ﹺﺪ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ(( ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‪ -‬ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ )) ﹶﻗ ﹶﴣ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺ ﱡﻲ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹲ‬
‫ﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺚ ﹶﺻﺤ ﹲ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﹶ ﹾﱂ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﹶﺑ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹲﺔ‪ :‬ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻋﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺉ‪.‬‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺭ ﱠﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﻠ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺﻥﹾ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻜ ﹶﻞ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻦ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹸﻗ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻋﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤ ﹸ‬
‫ﴤ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱡﻨ ﹸﻜ ﹺ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﻧ ﹸﹸﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻓﺈﹺ ﹶﺫﺍ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﻮﻝ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻋﻰ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ ﹶﻣﺎ ﱠﺍﺩ ﹶﻋﻰ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹸﺔ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﺻ ﹾﺪ ﹺﻕ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻋ ﹶﻴ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﱢﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹺﺔ‪ :‬ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹺﺮﻳ ﹶﻨ ﹸﺔ ﱠ‬
‫ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﺗ ﹸﹶﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﱠﺪ ﹶﻋﻰ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻲ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹺﻤﻴﻨﹺ ﹺﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹰﺎﻻ ﹶﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺼ ﹸﻠ ﹸﺢ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻞ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺪ ﹶﺍﻋﻰ ﺍ ﹾﺛ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﳘﺎ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻨﺎﺯﹸ ﻉﹺ ﻧ ﱠﹶﺠﺎ ﹴﺭ‬
‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺭﺗﹺ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺪ ﹴﺍﺩ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹺﻩ ﺑﹺﺂ ﹶﻟ ﹺﺔ ﹺﺣ ﹶﺪﺍ ﹶﺩ ﹴﺓ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮﻩ ﺑﹺﺂ ﹶﻟﺔ ﻧ ﹶﺠ ﹶ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﹺﰲ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﺽ ﹺﻛ ﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹶﲢ ﱡﻤ ﹸﻞ ﱠ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﹾﺍﻵ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻣ ﱢﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﺽ ﹶﻋ ﹾ ﹴ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺩﺍﺅﹸ ﹶﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﻥ ﱠ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﹶﻭﺑ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﱰ ﹸﹶﻁ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻜ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻃ ﹰﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻫ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺪ ﹰﻻ ﹶﻇ ﹰ ﹶ‬
‫‪Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng‬‬

‫‪152‬‬

‫‪S‬‬

‫ﺎﺱ؛‬
‫ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺪ ﹸﻝ‪ :‬ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺿ ﹶﻴ ﹸﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨ ﹸ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺀ ﴾ ]ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘ ﹶﺮﺓ‪[٢٨٢ :‬‬
‫ﻟﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾﻮﻟﹺ ﹺﻪ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹶﺎﱃ‪ ﴿ :‬ﹺ ﱠﳑ ﹾﻦ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹶﺿ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﱡ‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﳚﹸﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳﺸﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ ﺑﹺ ﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺑﹺ ﹸﺮ ﹾﺅ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﺃﻭ ﺳ ﹶﲈ ﹴﻉ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﹾﺍﳌﹶﺸﹾ ﹸﻬ ﹺ‬
‫ﻮﺩ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺿ ﹴﺔ ﹶ ﹾﳛ ﹸﺼ ﹸﻞ ﹺﲠﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻠﻢ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﺝ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻬﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﹾ ﹶﻴﺎﺀ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﻲ ﹸ ﹾﳛ ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬
‫ﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻷﻧ ﹶﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺏ ﹶﻭﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻨﺒﹺﻲ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ ﺍ ﹸ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺲ؟ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻧ ﹶﹶﻌ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﻟﹺ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺟ ﹴﻞ‪)) :‬ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ￯ ﱠ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻤ ﹶ‬
‫ﱡ‬
‫ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﻓﺎﺷﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹾﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻉ(( ﹶﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹾﺍﺑ ﹸﻦ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺪ ﱟﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﹶﻣ ﹺﻈ ﱠﻨ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱡﺘ ﹾﻬ ﹶﻤ ﹺﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻛﺸﹶ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻮﺍﻟﹺ ﹶﺪﻳ ﹺﻦ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺩ ﹺﻫ ﹾﻢ‪،‬‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻮﺍﻧﹺ ﹺﻊ ﱠ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺑﹺﺎ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻜ ﹺ‬
‫ﲔ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻶ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺮ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹸﺪ ﱢﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻋ ﹸﺪ ﱢﻭ ﹺﻩ‪،‬‬
‫ﺲ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﲈ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺧﺎﺋﹺ ﹴﻦ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺧﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻨ ﹴﺔ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹺﺫﻱ ﹺﻏ ﹾﻤ ﹴﺮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬
‫ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬
‫ﻷ ﹾﻫ ﹺﻞ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹸﲡﻮﺯﹸ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻬﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺓ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﺎﻧﹺ ﹺﻊ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﲪ ﹸﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹶﺩ ﹸﺍﻭ ﹶﺩ‪.‬‬
‫«ﺭ ﹶﻭﺍ ﹸﻩ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﺖ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﹾ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﲔ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺘ ﹺﻄ ﹸﻊ ﹺ ﹶﲠﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬
‫ﻒ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤ ﹴ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ )) :‬ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺎﻝ ﹾﺍﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹴﺉ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻠﻢﹴ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ﹲﺮ‪ :‬ﹶﻟ ﹺﻘﻲ ﱠ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﹶﻏ ﹾﻀ ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬
‫ﺎﻥ(( ﹸﻣ ﱠﺘ ﹶﻔ ﹲﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫‪Hukum Qadha‬‬
‫‪Kewajiban Pengangkatan Qadhi Oleh Penguasa‬‬
‫‪Sifat-Sifat Seorang Qadhi‬‬
‫?‪Kapan Seseorang Wajib Menjadi Qadhi‬‬
‫‪Pembuktian dalam Suatu Tuntutan dan Ketentuan-Ketentuannya‬‬

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‫‪<∞”÷^ä÷]<s„fl⁄‬‬

‫‪1.‬‬
‫‪2.‬‬
‫‪3.‬‬
‫‪4.‬‬
‫‪5.‬‬

6. Kewajiban Orang yang Dituntut Jika Tidak Ada Bukti
7. Beberapa Keadaan Khusus dalam Pembuktian
8. Hukum Pemberian Persaksian
9. Kewajiban Penunaian Persaksian
10. Syarat-Syarat Seorang Saksi
11. Hukum Beberapa Bentuk Persaksian
12. Beberapa Penghalang Penerimaan Persaksian

Bab Pembagian
(Di Antara Orang-orang yang Berserikat)

‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﻧﹶﻮ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬
:‫ﺎﻥ‬
‫ﹶ ﹾ‬

‫ﹺ‬
‫ﴐﺭ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﺎﳌ ﹺ ﹾﺜ ﹺﻠﻴ ﹺ‬،‫ﺽ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻻ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺩ ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬،‫ﻴﻪ‬
،‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭ ﹺﺭ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻜ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹺﺭ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﱡ‬،‫ﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺒﺎ ﹴﺭ ﻓ ﹶﻴﲈ ﹶﻻ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﱠ‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣ ﹶﻼ ﹺﻙ ﺍ ﹾﻟﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
.‫ﺍﺳ ﹶﻌ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹾ‬

‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬،‫ﺎﺀ ﹺﰲ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻘﺴﻤ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺽ ﹶﻭ ﹺﻫﻲ ﹶﻣﺎ ﹺﻓ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻤ ﹸﺔ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹴ‬
‫ﴐ ﹲﺭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪ ﱡ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶ ﹶ‬
‫ﻴﻪ ﹶﺭ ﱡﺩ‬
‫ﹾ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﴩ ﹶﻛ ﹺ‬
‫ﹺﻋ ﹶﻮ ﹴ‬
‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻼ ﹸﺑ ﱠﺪ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹺﺭﺿﺎ ﱡ ﹶ‬،‫ﺽ‬
.‫ﺎﺀ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻠ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ‬
،‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﺖ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺟﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹸﺘ ﹸﻪ‬:‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺐ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﹸﺪ ﹸﻫ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺒ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻊ‬
‫ﹶﺖ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬.‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ ﹸﺓ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺪ ﹺﺭ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻜ ﹺﻬ ﹾﻢ ﹺﻓ ﹶﻴﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‬
‫ﹶﻭﺇﹺﻥﹾ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺟ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬
‫ ﹶﻛﺎﻧ ﹾ‬:‫ﻭﻫﺎ‬
1. Bentuk-Bentuk Pembagian
2. Ketentuan Pembagian Ijbâr
3. Ketentuan Pembagian Tarâdhi

154

S

Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

‫‪Bab Ikrar‬‬

‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﱟﻖ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹸﻜ ﱢﻞ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹴﻆ ﹶﺩ ﱟ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺍﻋ ﹺﱰ ﹸ‬
‫ﴩ ﹺﻁ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮﺍ ﹺﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﹺ ﹶ ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﺍﻑ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬

‫ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹺﻘ ﱢﺮ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹰﻔﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﹶﻭ ﹸﻫﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃﺑ ﹶﻠ ﹺﻎ ﺍ ﹾﻟﺒﻴ ﹶﻨ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﹾ‬
‫ﹶﱢ‬

‫ﺍﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹸﺍﳌ ﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻼ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﺏ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌ ﹾﻠﻢﹺ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍ ﹾﻟ ﹺﻌﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹺ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺪ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻞ ﹺﰲ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧ ﹺﹾﻜ ﹶﺤ ﹺﺔ‬
‫ﲨ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳉ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﺕ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻏ ﹾ ﹺ‬
‫ﲑ ﹶﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹺﺪ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹺﰲ ﹾ ﹶ‬
‫ﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﹶ‬
‫))ﻻ ﹸﻋ ﹾﺬ ﹶﺭ ﹺﳌﹶ ﹾﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﱠﺮ((‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺴ ﹺ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﹸﻘ ﹺ‬
‫ﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻥﹾ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﹾ ﹸ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻮﻕ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻶ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻣ ﱢﻴ ﹶ‬
‫ﱰ ﹶﻑ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺠ ﹺﻤ ﹺ‬
‫ﳚ ﹸﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹾ ﹺ ﹶ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ‬
‫ﹺ ﹶ ﹴﹶ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻼ ﹴﻝ‪ .‬ﹶﻭ ﱠ ﹸ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹸﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹾﺨ ﹸﺮ ﹶﺝ ﻣ ﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺘﺒﹺ ﹶﻌﺔ ﺑﹺﺄ ﹶﺩﺍﺀ ﺃ ﹺﻭ ﹾ‬
‫‪1. Ikrar Lebih Kuat daripada Bukti‬‬
‫‪2. Cakupan Pembahasan Ikrar‬‬
‫‪3. Kewajiban Seseorang Seputar Ikrar‬‬

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‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴﺪﻧﹶﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻧﺒﹺ ﹼﻴ ﹶﻨﺎ ﹸ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻤﺪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ ﺁﻟﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺤﺎﺑﹺﻪ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴﻠ ﹰﻴﲈ ﹶﻛﺜ ﹰ‬
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Catatan:
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156

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Daurah Fiqih Nasional 1431 H, Masjid Al-Madinah, Cepogo, Boyolali, Jateng

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