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Concrete Mix Design as Per Indian Standard Code

Concrete Mix Design as Per Indian Standard Code

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Concrete Mix Design As Per Indian Standard Code

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Concrete Mix Design
Introduction
The process of selecting suitable ingredients of concrete and determining their relative amounts with the objective of producing a concrete of the required, strength, durability, and workability as economically as possible, is termed the concrete mix design. The proportioning of ingredient of concrete is governed by the required performance of concrete in 2 states, namely the plastic and the hardened states. If the plastic concrete is not workable, it cannot be properly placed and compacted. The property of workability, therefore, becomes of vital importance. The compressive strength of hardened concrete which is generally considered to be an index of its other properties, depends upon many factors, e.g. quality and quantity of cement, water and aggregates; batching and mixing; placing, compaction and curing. The cost of concrete is made up of the cost of materials, plant and labour. The variations in the cost of materials arise from the fact that the cement is several times costly than the aggregate, thus the aim is to produce as lean a mix as possible. From technical point of view the rich mixes may lead to high shrinkage and cracking in the structural concrete, and to evolution of high heat of hydration in mass concrete which may cause cracking. The actual cost of concrete is related to the cost of materials required for producing a minimum mean strength called characteristic strength that is specified by the designer of the structure. This depends on the quality control measures, but there is no doubt that the quality control adds to the cost of concrete. The extent of quality control is often an economic compromise, and depends on the size and type of job. The cost of labour depends on the workability of mix, e.g., a concrete mix of inadequate workability may result in a high cost of labour to obtain a degree of compaction with available equipment. Requirements of concrete mix design The requirements which form the basis of selection and proportioning of mix ingredients are : a ) The minimum compressive strength required from structural consideration b) The adequate workability necessary for full compaction with the compacting equipment available. c) Maximum water-cement ratio and/or maximum cement content to give adequate durability for the particular site conditions

d) Maximum cement content to avoid shrinkage cracking due to temperature cycle in mass concrete.

Types of Mixes
1. Nominal Mixes In the past the specifications for concrete prescribed the proportions of cement, fine and coarse aggregates. These mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio which ensures adequate strength are termed nominal mixes. These offer simplicity and under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified. However, due to the variability of mix ingredients the nominal concrete for a given workability varies widely in strength. 2. Standard mixes The nominal mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio (by volume) vary widely in strength and may result in under- or over-rich mixes. For this reason, the minimum compressive strength has been included in many specifications. These mixes are termed standard mixes. IS 456-2000 has designated the concrete mixes into a number of grades as M10, M15, M20, M25, M30, M35 and M40. In this designation the letter M refers to the mix and the number to the specified 28 day cube strength of mix in N/mm2. The mixes of grades M10, M15, M20 and M25 correspond approximately to the mix proportions (1:3:6), (1:2:4), (1:1.5:3) and (1:1:2) respectively. 3. Designed Mixes In these mixes the performance of the concrete is specified by the designer but the mix proportions are determined by the producer of concrete, except that the minimum cement content can be laid down. This is most rational approach to the selection of mix proportions with specific materials in mind possessing more or less unique characteristics. The approach results in the production of concrete with the appropriate properties most economically. However, the designed mix does not serve as a guide since this does not guarantee the correct mix proportions for the prescribed performance. For the concrete with undemanding performance nominal or standard mixes (prescribed in the codes by quantities of dry ingredients per cubic meter and by slump) may be used only for very small jobs, when the 28-day strength of concrete does not exceed 30 N/mm2. No control testing is necessary reliance being placed on the masses of the ingredients. Factors affecting the choice of mix proportions The various factors affecting the mix design are: 1. Compressive strength

It is one of the most important properties of concrete and influences many other describable properties of the hardened concrete. The mean compressive strength required at a specific age, usually 28 days, determines the nominal water-cement ratio of the mix. The other factor affecting the strength of concrete at a given age and cured at a prescribed temperature is the degree of compaction. According to Abraham’s law the strength of fully compacted concrete is inversely proportional to the water-cement ratio. 2. Workability The degree of workability required depends on three factors. These are the size of the section to be concreted, the amount of reinforcement, and the method of compaction to be used. For the narrow and complicated section with numerous corners or inaccessible parts, the concrete must have a high workability so that full compaction can be achieved with a reasonable amount of effort. This also applies to the embedded steel sections. The desired workability depends on the compacting equipment available at the site. 3. Durability The durability of concrete is its resistance to the aggressive environmental conditions. High strength concrete is generally more durable than low strength concrete. In the situations when the high strength is not necessary but the conditions of exposure are such that high durability is vital, the durability requirement will determine the water-cement ratio to be used. 4. Maximum nominal size of aggregate In general, larger the maximum size of aggregate, smaller is the cement requirement for a particular water-cement ratio, because the workability of concrete increases with increase in maximum size of the aggregate. However, the compressive strength tends to increase with the decrease in size of aggregate. IS 456:2000 and IS 1343:1980 recommend that the nominal size of the aggregate should be as large as possible. 5. Grading and type of aggregate The grading of aggregate influences the mix proportions for a specified workability and water-cement ratio. Coarser the grading leaner will be mix which can be used. Very lean mix is not desirable since it does not contain enough finer material to make the concrete cohesive. The type of aggregate influences strongly the aggregate-cement ratio for the desired workability and stipulated water cement ratio. An important feature of a satisfactory aggregate is the uniformity of the grading which can be achieved by mixing different size fractions. 6. Quality Control

3.  The cement content is to be limited from shrinkage. placing and compaction. Mix Proportion designations The common method of expressing the proportions of ingredients of a concrete mix is in the terms of parts or ratios of cement. curing and testing. The water-cement ratio is usually expressed in mass Factors to be considered for mix design  The grade designation giving the characteristic strength requirement of concrete. a concrete mix of proportions 1:2:4 means that cement. For e.  The workability of concrete for satisfactory placing and compaction is related to the size and shape of section. The water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the limiting water cement ratio for the requirements of durability given in table and adopts the lower of the two values. Procedure 1. fine and coarse aggregates. ft = fck + 1. mixing. The proportions are either by volume or by mass. Obtain the water cement ratio for the desired mean target using the emperical relationship between compressive strength and water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the limiting water cement ratio. fine and coarse aggregate are in the ratio 1:2:4 or the mix contains one part of cement.. 2. The variation in strength results from the variations in the properties of the mix ingredients and lack of control of accuracy in batching. . Determine the mean target strength ft from the specified characteristic compressive strength at 28-day fck and the level of quality control. Estimate the amount of entrapped air for maximum nominal size of the aggregate from the table. cracking and creep.g.  The type of cement influences the rate of development of compressive strength of concrete. The factor controlling this difference is termed as quality control. quantity and spacing of reinforcement and technique used for transportation.65 S where S is the standard deviation obtained from the Table of approximate contents given after the design mix.  Maximum nominal size of aggregates to be used in concrete may be as large as possible within the limits prescribed by IS 456:2000. The lower the difference between the mean and minimum strengths of the mix lower will be the cement-content required.The degree of control can be estimated statistically by the variations in test results. two parts of fine aggregate and four parts of coarse aggregate. placing.

8. for the required workability and maximum size of aggregates (for aggregates in saturated surface dry condition) from table. . kg. Prepare the concrete using the calculated proportions and cast three cubes of 150 mm size and test them wet after 28-days moist curing and check for the strength. grading of fine aggregate and for rounded aggregate the values are given in table.4. and Sfa. From the quantities of water and cement per unit volume of concrete and the percentage of sand already determined in steps 6 and 7 above. 6. Determine the concrete mix proportions for the first trial mix. 7. Determine the percentage of fine aggregate in total aggregate by absolute volume from table for the concrete using crushed coarse aggregate. per cubic metre of concrete. Check the cement against the minimum cement content from the requirements of the durability. respectively. and greater of the two values is adopted. 10. Adjust the values of water content and percentage of sand as provided in the table for any difference in workability. respectively 9. Prepare trial mixes with suitable adjustments till the final mix proportions are arrived at. Select the water content. Ca = total masses of fine and coarse aggregates. kg C = mass of cement per cubic metre of concrete. Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine and coarse aggregates. water cement ratio. 11. kg p = ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume fa. calculate the content of coarse and fine aggregates per unit volume of concrete from the following relations: where V = absolute volume of concrete = gross volume (1m3) minus the volume of entrapped air Sc = specific gravity of cement W = Mass of water per cubic metre of concrete. Calculate the cement content form the water-cement ratio and the final water content as arrived after adjustment. 5.

1703.5 .2) 540 kg/m3 11 Chemical Admixture Type A-2 Test Data for Materials Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103 Good Normal 25 mm (Slump) Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 20 mm 250 kg/m3 M20 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.M-20 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post Dear Again Regards Raj Mohammad Khan I am back with M-20 Mix Designs as per All IS-10262-2009 M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning 1 Grade Designation 2 Type of Cement 3 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 4 5 6 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 7 Exposure Condition 8 Degree of Supervision 9 Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate 10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.

Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 6 Sp.878 2.605 2. Gravity of Cement 3 Sp.15 Coromandal King OPC 53 grade . Gravity of Sand 8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 10 Water Absorption of Sand 11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate 12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate 13 Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand 14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates 15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates 15 Sp.83% 0. Gravity of Water 4 Chemical Admixture 5 Sp.00 3.884 Not Used 1.1 Cement Used 2 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 7 Sp.23% nil nil 0.97% 2.882 Separate Analysis Done 16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates nil Separate Analysis Done Separate Analysis Done 1. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates2.

5 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.00% 1.A. 0.5) 290 kg/m3 Which is greater then 250 kg/m3 0.00 62. as per table 3 of IS 10262 2 Adopted Vol.65) A-8 Mix Calculations 3 1 Volume of Concrete in m 65. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0. 3 Superplasticiser used A-6 Calculation of Cement Content 1 Water Cement Ratio 2 Cement Content (145/0.5 nil 186 Lit.00% .A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning 1 Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 30N/mm2 2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio 1 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5 Selection of Water Content 1 Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 2 Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 145 Lit. of C. of Coarse Aggregate Adopted Vol.5 20N/mm2 A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content 1 Vol.00% 35.

no. no. 5 x 0. no. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 Sr.267 0.09 A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) 5 .65 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 Sr. Gravity of Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. 5 x 0. no.496 0.35 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 1429 1029 400 nil 696 145 290 0.145 0. 1 – (Sr.2 Volume of Cement in m3 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 Sr.763 nil 0. Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 (Mass of Water) / (Sp.

We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers. Regards Raj Mohammad Khan M-25 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning 1 Grade Designation 2 Type of Cement 3 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 4 5 6 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 7 8 Exposure Condition Degree of Supervision Normal Good 50-75 mm (Slump) Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 20 mm 310 kg/m3 M25 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 .com.5 We are thankful to Er.6 Water Cement Ratio 0. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil. M-25 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post Dear All Again I am back with M-25 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009.

878 2.23% 0. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 7 Sp.00 3. Gravity of Water 4 Chemical Admixture 5 Sp.97% 2.2) 540 kg/m3 11 Chemical Admixture Type A-2 Test Data for Materials 1 Cement Used 2 Sp.83% 0.15 Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103 . Gravity of Cement 3 Sp.884 BASF Chemicals Company 1. 1703. Gravity of Sand 8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 10 Water Absorption of Sand 11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil 12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil 1.605 2. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 6 Sp.9 Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate 10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.

45 25N/mm2 36N/mm2 Separate Analysis Done nil Separate Analysis Done Separate Analysis Done . Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2. 138 Lit.13 Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand 14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates 15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates 15 Sp.43) 320 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 0. 0.43 0.43 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.882 16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning 1 Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio 1 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5 Selection of Water Content 1 Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 2 3 Superplasticiser used A-6 Calculation of Cement Content 1 Water Cement Ratio 2 Cement Content (138/0. of cement Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump 186 Lit.5 % by wt.

62) A-8 Mix Calculations 1 Volume of Concrete in m3 2 Volume of Cement in m3 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 (Mass of Water) / (Sp.A.5% in m3 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp.00 62. of Coarse Aggregate Adopted Vol.38 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m3 138 320 0.00% 62.00% 38.471 0.00134 0.759 0. no. 1 – (Sr.62 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 Sr. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 Sr.10 1. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 Sr.00% A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) . 5 x 0.138 0. Gravity of Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0.A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content 1 Vol. 5 x 0. of C. no. no. no. as per table 3 of IS 10262 2 Adopted Vol.288 0. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.

751 1356 977 380 1. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil.45 M30 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987 . We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 5 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 6 Water Cement Ratio 0. Raj M.60 M-30 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post Dear All Again Regards Raj Mohammad Khan I am back with M-30 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 M-30 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning 1 Grade Designation 2 Type of Cement 3 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 4 5 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 17003 A) 310 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.43 We are thankful to Er.com.

Gravity of Cement 3 Sp.15 Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Crushed Angular Aggregate 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103 Good Normal 50-75 mm (Slump) . Gravity of Sand 8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 10 Water Absorption of Sand 1.23% 0. 1703. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 7 Sp.878 2.00 3. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 6 Sp.6 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 7 Exposure Condition 8 Degree of Supervision 9 Type of Aggregate 10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.97% 2.605 2.83% 0.2) 11 Chemical Admixture Type A-2 Test Data for Materials 1 Cement Used 2 Sp.884 BASF Chemicals Company 1. Gravity of Water 4 Chemical Admixture 5 Sp.

Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.42 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0. 0.42 Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump 186 Lit.45 30N/mm2 42N/mm2 Separate Analysis Done nil Separate Analysis Done Separate Analysis Done . of cement 0. 160 Lit.11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil 12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil 13 Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand 14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates 15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates 15 Sp.882 16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning 1 Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio 1 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5 Selection of Water Content 1 Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 2 3 Superplasticiser used A-6 Calculation of Cement Content 1 Water Cement Ratio 0.5 % by wt.

of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.160 0.00160 0.273 0. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 Sr.00% 62. as per table 3 of IS 10262 2 Adopted Vol.00% . Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. 5 x 0.2 Cement Content (160/0.445 0. no. Gravity of Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0. no.62 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 Sr.00 62.5% in m3 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 Sr.A. no. no.38 0.12 1. of C.718 0.42) 380 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content 1 Vol.00% 38. 1 – (Sr. 5 x 0.62) A-8 Mix Calculations 1 Volume of Concrete in m3 2 Volume of Cement in m3 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. of Coarse Aggregate Adopted Vol.

90 M-35 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post Dear All Again Regards Raj Mohammad Khan I am back with M-35 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H A-1 1 Grade Designation 2 3 Type of Cement Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size M35 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987 20 mm Stipulations for Proportioning . 380 160 711 1283 924 359 1.com.A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 5 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 6 Water Cement Ratio 0. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.42 We are thankful to Er. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil. Raj M.

605 2.4 5 6 Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 310 kg/m3 0. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 7 Sp. 1703. Gravity of Water 4 Chemical Admixture 5 Sp.00 3. Gravity of Sand 2.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103 .884 BASF Chemicals Company 1. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 6 Sp.878 2. Gravity of Cement 3 Sp.15 Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Test Data for Materials Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.45 50-75 mm (Slump) Normal Good Crushed Angular Aggregate 7 Exposure Condition 8 Degree of Supervision 9 Type of Aggregate 10 11 Chemical Admixture Type A-2 1 Cement Used 2 Sp.

45 35N/mm2 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Sp.882 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate 1. Selection of Water Content 0.23% nil nil 0.8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 10 Water Absorption of Sand 11 12 13 Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand 14 15 15 16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates A-3 1 Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 47N/mm2 2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4 1 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5 1 Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates nil Separate Analysis Done Separate Analysis Done 2.97% .83% 0.

4 400 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 2 Cement Content (160/0. 1 – (Sr.00% Adopted Vol. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 Sr.13 1.42) A-7 1 Vol.2 3 Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump Superplasticiser used 160 Lit. of cement A-6 1 Calculation of Cement Content Water Cement Ratio 0.160 0. no. 2+3+4) 0.00 Mix Calculations 62. of Coarse Aggregate 62. of C. Gravity of Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0.5 % by wt. as per table 3 of IS 10262 2 Adopted Vol.00% A-8 1 Volume of Concrete in m3 2 Volume of Cement in m3 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp.62) 38.A. no.711 0. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.00% Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content .00168 0.5% in m3 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. 0.

270 0.62 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 Sr.com.6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 Sr.40 2. 5 x 0. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil. no.00 1271 915 356 704 160 400 0. M 15 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009 Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post Dear procedure Regards Raj Mohammad Khan for calculating the concrete All. Raj M.38 A-9 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 5 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 6 Water Cement Ratio 0. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers. no. 5 x 0. ingredients Here i am giving the mix designs as per IS-10262-2009 which gives to change the M-15 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H .441 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) We are thankful to Er.

2) 540 kg/m3 11 Chemical Admixture Type A-2Test Data for Materials 1 Cement Used 2 Sp. Gravity of Cement 3 Sp.884 1. Gravity of Water 4 5 Chemical Admixture Sp.A-1Stipulations for Proportioning 1 Grade Designation 2 Type of Cement 3 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 4 5 6 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 7 Exposure Condition 8 Degree of Supervision 9 Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate 10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.15 Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103 Good Normal 25 mm (Slump) 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 250 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.00 3.5 M15 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987 . Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate Not Used 2.

23% nil nil 2.83% 10 Water Absorption of Sand 11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate 12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate 13 Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand 14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates 15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates 15 Sp.97% 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 7 Sp. Gravity of Sand 8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.6 Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates 1 2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4Selection of Water Cement Ratio 1 Maximum Water Cement Ratio 15N/mm2 0.5 Separate Analysis Done A-3Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 25N/mm2 nil Separate Analysis Done Separate Analysis Done 2.605 2.882 1.878 .

135 0. Gravity of 0. 0.00% 2 Adopted Vol. of C.00% . of Coarse Aggregate Adopted Vol.5 nil Maximum Water content (10262-table2) 186 Lit.5) 270 kg/m3 Which is greater then 250 kg/m3 0.00 65. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62. Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 (Mass of Water) / (Sp.A.65) A-8Mix Calculations 1 Volume of Concrete in m3 2 Volume of Cement in m3 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp.00% 35.(MORT&H 1700-3 A) 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5Selection of Water Content 1 2 3 Superplasticiser used A-6Calculation of Cement Content 1 Water Cement Ratio 2 Cement Content (135/0.09 1.5 A-7Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content 1 Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10. Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 135 Lit.

5 nil 1460 1051 409 711 135 270 0. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers. 1 – (Sr.35 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 5 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 6 Water Cement Ratio 0. no. no.65 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 Sr. no. 5 x 0.273 0. 5 x 0. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 Sr. Raj M. Mix Design For M35 Grade Of Concrete . Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 Sr.Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. no.com.779 nil A-9Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) We are thankful to Er.507 0. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil.

65×1.15 For : Concrete (Fck) : T. Gr.65 35+ x : 35 M35 Mpa Mpa* S.67 1. Mpa Material: Crushed Gravity 3. Gr.15 2. Of Cement) + Water Content +(F a / Sp. of I. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors. 10262.0 % MIX DESIGN Take Sand content as percentage of total aggregates = 36% Select Water Cement Ratio = 0.* Pf )} Aggregate : Absorption: 0.43 = 400 Kg / M3 Formula for Mix Proportion of Fine and Coarse Aggregate: 1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Grade Characteristic Standard Target (from = Test Aggregate Specific Cement Coarse Fine Aggregate : 2.S.62 Water Coarse Fine Aggregate : 1.Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post The mix design for M35 Grade Of Concrete for pile foundations provided here is for reference purpose only.M.S of Strength Deviation Strength : 456-2000) 38.91 +1.D.= = Fck : 1.1982) Select Water Content = 172 Kg (From IS: 10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates Maximum Water Content = 186 Kg/ M3 ) Hence.43 for concrete grade M35 (From Fig 2. Cement Content= 172 / 0.91 .5% Aggregate : : Data Type Mean I.S.

Gr. 20 mm Aggregates = 619 Kg And 10 mm Aggregates = 546 Kg To obtain slump in the range of 150-190 mm water reducing admixture brand SP430 from Fosroc with a dose of 0.02) = {(400 /3.907 Cem W/C Water Sand 20mm 10mm Admix 400 0. Ca = 1165 Kg/ Cum From combined gradation of Coarse aggregates it has been found out that the proportion of 53:47 of 20 mm & 10 mm aggregates produces the best gradation as per IS: 383.6 619 1.02) = {(400 /3.43 172 1 0. Of Cement) + Water Content +Ca / Sp. Hence.6 : 2.36)} Fa = 642 Kg/ Cum As the sand is of Zone II no adjustment is required for sand.15) + 172 +(Ca / 2. Hence the Mix Proportion becomes: Units – Kg/ M3 Cement : Sand: Coarse Aggregates = 1 : 1.* Pc )} Where Ca = Coarse Aggregate Content Fa = Fine Aggregate Content Pf = Sand Content as percentage of total Aggregates = 0.3 % by weight of Cement shall be used.1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Sand Content = 642 Kg/ Cum 1000(1-0.43 635 1.64)} Hence.36 Pc = Coarse Aggregate Content as percentage of total Aggregates.547 564 1.2 0.02 Hence. 1000(1-0.003 .15) + 172 +(Fa / 2.36 1.67 x 0. = 0.64 a0 = Percentage air content in concrete (As per IS :10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates air content is 2 %) = 0.62 x 0.

35 Approximate water content for 20mm max. Now water content = 180 X 0. Mix Design M-50 Grade Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post The mix design M-50 grade (Using Admixture –Sikament) provided here is for reference purpose only.25 Mpa 2. As plasticizer is proposed we can reduce water content by 20%.35 of ratio of = concrete 411.35 kg m3 . Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1. Parameters for mix design M50 Grade Type Brand Admixture Sp.15 2.66 Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0. Calculation of of water cement water: 3 ratio:- Assume water cement ratio = 0. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors.C-43 ( ( Grasim H ) M-50 grade ) ] Fine Aggregate = Zone-II Gravity 3.61 2. Calculation Water Water Cement content content cement per = cum 144/0. Ishan Kaushal for this valuable information.8 = 144 kg /m3 4.P.65 m3 Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2. IS : 10262 ). Selection 3.We are thankful to Er.65 ) = 58.4 cement = = kg 144 / content:0. Size of aggregate = 180 kg /m (As per Table No. Cement Fine Coarse Minimum Aggregate Aggregate Cement (As per (20mm) contract) =400 = = = kg / of = of Designation cement cement Sika = [Sikament = Vikram 170 = O.45 Mix Calculation: 1. 5 .

2 % by weight of cement = 5.A.365 kg/ m3 Say weight of C.A. admixture by 2.A. = X X mm: 10mm 706 578 details 1. = 0.K.A.A. m3 kg kg kg kg kg 3.043 was Slump No. & F.7209 m3 Volume of F.A. mm Nos. water.: [ Formula's can be seen in earlier posts]Volume Volume Volume Volume of of of of cement water Admixture = = = 412 144 concrete / / ( ( / 3.1440 +0.025 1. = 0.145 X = 1000 1000 1000 ) ) ) = = 1 = 0. Calculation for C.2379 X 2.45 . B.655 X 1000 = 1282.15 1 X X (1. C.2791 = 0.6 0.A. Mix .919 kg/ m3 Say weight of F.A.35: = = 1: = 621 706 578 1.0043 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 ) 4.5% for this trial Admixture = 1.7209 – 0. = 621 kg/ m3 Therefore weight of C.Say cement content = 412 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / Hence O.4830 m3 Therefore weight of F.2379 = 0.4830 X 2.1308 + 0.7209 X 0. .A. Increasing cement.0043 = 0.472: = = kg kg per 422 147.61 X 1000 = 620. = 1284 kg/ m3 Considering 20mm 10mm Hence Cement Water Fine Coarse Coarse Water: = = 20 = = Mix 412 144 aggregate aggregate aggregate cement: F.994 Total weight of other materials except coarse aggregate = 0. Observation: A.1440 0.33 = 0. = 0. = 0.A.2379 m3 (Assuming 33% by volume of total aggregate ) Volume of C.1308 0. of cube cohesive = casted and 120 = 9 homogeneous.025 = mm mm 0.55: 0.064 kg. 5.: 20 10 C.2791 m3 Volume of coarse and fine aggregate = 1 – 0.

28 days average compressive strength = 62. No.4 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3) 400 X 0. Calculation Hence o.52 MPa which is greater than 58.1 cement of of content of water cement 400 cement content: kg water: / ratio:m3 - Assume water cement ratio = 0. Calculation Assume 4. 5. Cl. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors. 4.45 Mix Calculation: 1.A.4 = 160 kg Which is less than 186 kg (As per Table No. Selection 3.A.5.k. IS: 10262) .P.65 2.15 2.61 2. Fine Coarse Coarse Minimum of = of Designation cement cement Fosroc Aggregate Gravity Aggregate Aggregate Aggregate Cement (As per (20mm) (10mm) contract) = 400 Cement = = = kg / ( = = Vikram Conplast SP = = = O.C-43 ( 430 Grasim G8M M-40 grade ) ) 3. Target Mean Strength = 40 + (5 X 1.66 m3 Zone-II Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0. Mix Design M-40 Grade Posted in Mix Design | Email This Post The mix design M-40 grade for Pier (Using Admixture – Fosroc) provided here is for reference purpose only.: – As per IS : 10262 .65) = 48.25MPa Hence the mix accepted. 3. We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information.7 days average compressive strength = 52. Parameters for mix design M40 Grade Type Brand Admixture Fine Sp. & F.07 MPa. Calculation for C.25 Mpa 2.

98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3. Hence Mix details per m3 = 701 kg .655 )] ( 1 /1000 ) => Ca = 1168. Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and Coarse aggregate respectively.5 % 0. (ca) = total mass of fine aggregate and coarse aggregate (kg) per m3 of Concrete respectively. As per Table No.635 ) ( Ca / 2. Assume F. (ca/Sca) ] x (1/1000) Where V = absolute volume of fresh concrete. (fa) .6 : 0. W = mass of water ( kg ) per m3 of concrete . by % of volume of total aggregate = 36. Considering 20 mm : 10mm = 0.A. which is equal to gross volume (m 3) minus the volume of entrapped air .98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3. (p) = Ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume .37 kg. Say Ca = 1168 kg.15 ) + ( 1 / 0. and Sfa . 0. C = mass of cement ( kg ) per m3 of concrete .61 )] ( 1 /1000 ) => Fa = 660.365 ) ( Fa / 2.V = [ W + (C/Sc) + (1/p) . 3 . (fa/Sfa) ] x (1/1000) V = [ W + (C/Sc) + {1/(1-p)} . IS-10262. Sc = specific gravity of cement. .2 kg Say Fa = 660 kg.15 ) + ( 1 / 0. for 20mm maximum size entrapped air is 2% .4 20mm 10mm = 467 kg .

A.96 MPa which is greater than 48.65: 2. 110mm Nos.25MPa Hence the mix is accepted. = 0. C. We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information. 7 No.Cement Water Fine Coarse Coarse Admixture aggregate aggregate = 0.6 % aggregate = = = 20 10 by mm mm weight of 400 160 660 = = cement 701 467 = 2. 28 days average compressive strength = 62. days of average Mix was Slump cube compressive casted strength cohesive = = = 12 51. Recron 3S = 900 gm Water: cement: F.A. B. .26 and homogeneous.92 Observation: A.4 kg kg kg kg kg kg.: C.4: 1: 1. MPa.

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