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Common Blood Analysis Data

Values presented represent expected normal data At the end is an alphabetical listing of numerous clinical values

Blood Gases
Arterial pH pCO2: millimeters of mercury, mmHg pO2 HCO3 O2 Sat % 7.357.45 3545 mmHg 70100 mmHg 1925 mmol/L 9095 Venous 7.327.42 3852 mmHg 2848 mmHg 1925 mmol/L 4070

CBC: Complete blood count, Adults


Male Hemoglobin (g/dl) Hematocrit (%) RBC's ( x 106 /ml) RDW (RBC distribution width) MCV: mean corpuscular volume MCH: mean corpuscular hemoglobin MCHC%: mean corpuscular hemoglobin content Platelet count 13.516.5 4150 4.55.5 Female 12.015.0 3644 4.04.9 11.5%14.6% 8298 femtoliters (fl) 2634 picograms (pg) 3138 gm/dL or 31%38% 100,000 to 450,000

WBC: White blood cell differential


WBC total: adults and children >2 years WBC total: children <2 years WBC total: neonates 4,50010,000 or 4.510 x 109/liter (SI units) 6,20017,000 or 6.217 x 109/liter (SI units) 9,0030,000 or 930 x 109/liter (SI units)

Neutrophils Band neutrophils (immature or stab neutrophils) Lymphocytes Monocytes Eosinophils Basophils (also called mast cells)

55%70% 0%3% 20%40 2%8% 1%4% 0.1%1%

25008000 per ml 0400 per ml 10004000 per ml 100700 per ml 50500 per ml 25100 per ml

Red blood cell (RBC) count


Men Women Children Newborn 4.76.1 x 106 RBCs per microliter (mcL, L) or 4.76.1 x 1012/liter (L) (2nd value is in SI units) 4.25.4 x 106 RBCs/L or 4.25.4 x 1012/L 4.05.5 x 106 RBCs/L or 4.64.8 x 1012/L 4.87.1 x 106 RBCs/L or 4.87.1 x 1012/L

Platelet (thrombocyte) count


Children Adults 150,000450,000 platelets per mm3 or 150450 x 109/L (SI units) 150,000400,000 platelets per mm3 or 150400 x 109/L (SI units)

Mean platelet volume (MPV)


Children Adults 7.410.4 mcm3 or 7.410.4 fL 7.410.4 mcm3 or 7.410.4 fL

Blood coagulation time


partial thromboplastin time (PTT) activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prothrombin time (PT) 6070 seconds 3040 seconds 11.012.5 seconds; 85%100%

Hematocrit (HCT)

Men Women

42%52% or 0.420.52 volume fraction (SI units) 37%47% or 0.370.47 volume fraction 1st trimester: 35%46% 2nd trimester: 30%42% 3rd trimester: 34%44% Postpartum: 30%44% 32%44% 44%64%

Pregnant women

Children Newborns

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
in general, a normal hemoglobin level is about one-third the value of the hematocrit Men Women Pregnant women Children Newborn 1418 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or 8.711.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) (SI units) 1216 g/dL or 7.49.9 mmol/L 1st trimester: 11.415.0 g/dL or 7.19.3 mmol/L 2nd trimester: 10.014.3 g/dL or 6.28.9 mmol/L 3rd trimester: 10.214.4 g/dL or 6.38.9 mmol/L Postpartum: 10.418.0 g/dL or 6.49.3 mmol/L 9.515.5 g/dL 1424 g/dL

Electrolytes and blood chemistry


BUN: blood urea nitrogen Calcium Calcium, ionized Chloride Magnesium Phosphate Potassium Sodium 720 mg/dL or 3.67.1mM (mmol/L) 8.810.3 mg/dL 2.22.6mM 95107mM 1.62.4mM 2.54.5 mg/dL or 1.01.4mM 3.55.2mM 135147mM

Ferritin (ng/ml) Folate (ng/dl) Glucose, fasting (mg/dl) Glucose (2 hours postprandial) (mg/dl) Hemoglobin A1c Iron (mcg/dl) Lactic acid (milliequivalents/liter, meq/L) LDH (lactate dehydrogenase), international units/liter: IU/L Osmolality SGOT (AST) SGPT (ALT) Total iron binding capacity (TIBC) Transferrin Uric acid Uric acid (male) (female)

13300 3.620 60110 Up to 140 68 65150 0.72.1 56194 IU/L 289308 mOsm/kg < 35 IU/L (2048) <35 IU/L 250420 /dl > 200 mg/dl 2.08.0 mg/dl 2.07.5 mg/dl

Creatinine kinase (CK) isoenzymes


CK-BB CK-MB (cardiac) CK-MM creatine phosphokinase (CPK) creatinine (mg/dl) 0% 0%3.9% 96%100% 8150 IU/L 0.51.4 or <133mM (mmol/L)

Serum Protein
Total protein Albumin Globulin Albumin/Globulin ratio 68.5g/dL 3.25g/dL 2.24.2g/dL 1.12.4 (calculated)

Thyroid Function tests


Free T3 Serum T3 Free T4 Serum T4 TSH 2.34.2 pg/ml 70200 ng/dl 0.52.1 ng/dl 4.012.0 /dl 0.254.30 microunits/ml

Blood Test
1-10 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]

Specimen

Conventional Units

SI Units

Plasma

1665 pg/mL <1 mg/dL 0.063.0 mg/L 0.21.0 mg/L 0.53.5 mg/L 880 ng/mL

40160 pmol/L <30 nmol/L 0.29.0 nmol/L 0.63 nmol/L 1.510.6 nmol/L 20200 nmol/L

11-deoxycortisol (compound S) Plasma 17-hydroxyprogesterone; men 17-hydroxyprogesterone; women follicular phase 17-hydroxyprogesterone; women luteal phase Plasma Plasma Plasma

25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] Plasma A Acetoacetate Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), 8am Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT) kat = katal, the amount of enzyme which transforms 1 mole of substrate per second Albumin Aldolase Serum Plasma Plasma

<3 mg/dL 952 pg/mL

<0.3 mmol/L 72727 pmol/L

035 U/L

00.58 mkat/L

Serum Serum

3.55.5 g/dL <8.1 U/L

3555 g/L <135 nkat/L

Aldosterone Aldosterone, 8am, (patient supine, 100 mmol/L Na+ and 60100 mmol/L K+ intake) Alpha fetoprotein (adult): fetoprotein Alpha1 antitrypsin (1antitrypsin) Ammonia, as NH3 Amylase Androstenedione; men Androstenedione; women Angiotensin II, 8am

Urine Plasma

519 mg/dL <8 ng/dL

1453 nmol/dL <220 pmol/L

Serum Serum Serum Serum Plasma Plasma Plasma

<30 ng/mL 85213 mg/dL 1080 mg/dL 60150 U/L 0.81.3 ng/mL 12 ng/mL 1030 pg/mL <40 U/L <1:80 titer 1.56.0 ng/L 2130 meq/L

<30 mg/L 0.82.1 g/L 047 mmol/L 0.83.2 mkat/L 3.05.0 nmol/L 3.57.0 nmol/L 1030 nmol/L <670 nkat/L <1:80 titer 1.45.6 pmol/L 2128 mmol/L

Angiotensin-converting enzyme Serum (ACE) Antinuclear antibody agglutination Arginine vasopressin (AVP), random fluid intake Arterial blood gas [HCO3] Arterial blood gas PCO2 kiloPascal (kPa) is a pressure measurement Arterial blood gas pH Arterial blood gas PO2 Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST, SGOT) AVP (Arginine vasopressin), random fluid intake B top Blood Serum Plasma Arterial Blood Arterial Blood Arterial Blood Arterial Blood Serum Serum Plasma

3545 mmHg

4.75.9 kPa

7.387.44 80100 mmHg 0.41.0 mg/dL 035 U/L 1.56.0 ng/L 1113 kPa 2357 mmol/L 00.58 mkat/L 1.45.6 pmol/L

Bands

04%

00.04

Basophils (BASO) Beta-Hydroxybutyrate: hydroxybutyrate Bilirubin, Direct Bilirubin, Indirect Bilirubin, total Bleeding time (Simplate) Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) C top

Blood Plasma Serum Serum Serum Blood Serum

02% <3 mg/dL 0.10.3 mg/dL 0.20.7 mg/dL 0.31.0 mg/dL <7 min 1020 mg/dL

00.02 <300 mmol/L 1.75.1 mmol/L 3.412 mmol/L 5.117 mmol/L <7 min 3.67.1 mmol/L

Calcitonin Men Calcitonin Women Calcium Calcium, ionized Carbon dioxide content Carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) Carboxyhemoglobin nonsmoker Carboxyhemoglobin smoker Carotene Carotenoids Ceruloplasmin Chloride

Plasma Plasma Serum Blood Serum Arterial blood (sea level) Blood Blood Serum Serum Serum Serum

<13.8 pg/mL <6.4 pg/mL 910.5 mg/dL 4.55.6 mg/dL 2328 meq/L 3545 mmHg

<13.8 ng/L <6.4 ng/L 2.252.62 mmol/L 1.11.4 mmol/L 2328 mmol/L 4.75.9 kPa

02.3% 2.14.2% 75300 mg/dL 50300 mg/dL 2737 ng/dL 98106 meq/L

00.023 0.0210.042 1.45.6 mmol/L 0.95.6 mmol/L 270370 mg/L 98106 mmol/L

Cholesterol (see Table in Lipoproteins page) Chorionic gonadotropin, Betasubunit (B-hCG), men and nonpregnant women Copper Cortisol am Cortisol pm Plasma Serum Plasma Plasma <3 mIU/mL 70155 mg/dL 525 mg/dL 312 mg/dL <3 IU/L 1124 mmol/L 140690 nmol/L 80330 nmol/L

Cortisol Urinary Free Creatine kinase-MB Creatinine

Urine Serum Serum

1050 mg/dL < 3% of total <1.5 mg/dL <190 U/L <235 U/L

25140 nmol/dL <0.03 of total <133 mmol/L <3.17 mkat/L <3.92 mkat/L

Creatinine kinase (CK); females Serum Creatinine kinase (CK); males D top Plasma Serum Plasma Plasma Serum

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Delta-aminolevulinic acid DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) DHEA sulfate E top

29 ng/dL <20 mg/dL 29 ng/dL 5002500 mg/dL

731 nmol/L <1.5 mmol/L 731 nmol/L 1.36.8 mmol/L

EOS (eosinophils) Eosinophils (EOS) Erythrocyte count Erythropoietin Estradiol; men Estradiol; women (higher at ovulation) Ethanol Euglobulin lysis time F top

Blood Blood Blood Serum Plasma Plasma Blood Blood

07% 07% 4.154.90 106/mm3

00.07 00.07 4.154.90 1012/L 536 U/L

<50 pg/mL 2060 pg/mL <0.005% >2 h

<180 pmol/L 70220 pmol/L <0.005% >2 h

Fatty acids, free (nonesterified) Ferritin; men Ferritin; women Fibrinogen Folate Folate, red cell

Plasma Serum Serum Plasma Serum Red blood cells

<18 mg/dL 15400 ng/mL 10200 ng/mL 150400 mg/dL 2.520 ng/mL 160855 ng/mL

180 mg/L 15400 mg/L 10200 mg/L 1.54 g/L >4.3 nmol/L >95 nmol/L

Folic acid Folic acid Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); men

Red cell Serum Plasma

150450 ng/mL cells 316 ng/mL cells 0.915 mIU/mL 3496 mIU/mL 2.321 mIU/mL

3401020 nmol/L cells 736 nmol/L cells 0.915 IU/L 3496 IU/L 2.321 IU/L

Follicle-stimulating hormone Plasma (FSH); postmenopausal women Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); women ovulatory surge Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); women mature, premenopausal, except at ovulation FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone) G top Serum Plasma Plasma Plasma Plasma Plasma Plasma Plasma

Plasma

1.49.6 mIU/mL

1.49.6 IU/L

Plasma

0.915 mIU/mL

0.915 IU/L

Gastrin Glucagon Glucose fasting (diabetes mellitus) Glucose fasting (normal) Glucose: 2 hour post prandial (impaired glucose tolerance) Glucose: 2 hour post prandial (normal) Glucose: 2 hour postprandial (diabetes mellitus) Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Hb = hemoglobin Growth hormone, after 100 g oral glucose H top

40180 pg/mL 50100 pg/mL >140 mg/dL 75115 mg/dL 140200 mg/dL <140 mg/dL >200 mg/dL

40180 ng/L 50100 ng/L >7.8 mmol/L 4.26.4 mmol/L 7.811.1 mmol/L <7.8 mmol/L >11.1 mmol/L 0.78 0.13 MU/mol Hb <2 mg/L

Blood

12.1 2 IU/g Hb

Serum

<2 ng/mL

Ham's test (acid serum)

Blood

Negative

Negative

Haptoglobin (serum) HbF (Hemoglobin, fetal) HCT; females (hematocrit) HCT; males (Hematocrit) Hematocrit (HCT); females Hematocrit (HCT); males Hemoglobin A1c Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) Hemoglobin; female Hemoglobin; male Hemoglobin; whole blood females Hemoglobin; whole blood males Hemoglobin; fetal (HbF) I top

Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood

50220 mg/dL <2% 3748% 4252% 3748% 4252%

0.52.2 g/L <0.02 0.370.48 0.420.52 0.370.48 0.420.52 0.0380.064 0.0150.035 120160 g/L 140180 g/L 7.49.9 mmol/L 8.111.2 mmol/L <0.02

Whole Blood 3.86.4% Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood 1.53.5% 1216 g/dL 1418 g/dL 1216 g/dL 1318 g/dL <2%

Insulin, fasting Iron Iron Saturation Iron-binding capacity L top

Serum or Plasma Serum Serum Serum

626 mU/mL 60150 mg/dL 2045% 250370 mg/dL

43186 pmol/L 1129 mmol/L 0.20.45 4566 mmol/L

Lactate (Lactic acid) Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)

Plasma Serum

616 mg/dL 100190 U/L 1426% 2939% 2026% 816%

0.671.8 mmol/L 1.73.2 mkat/L 0.140.25 0.290.39 0.200.25 0.080.16

Lactate dehydrogenase Serum isoenzymes Fraction 1 (of total) Lactate dehydrogenase Serum isoenzymes Fraction 2 (of total) Lactate dehydrogenase Serum isoenzymes Fraction 3 (of total) Lactate dehydrogenase Serum

isoenzymes Fraction 4 (of total) Lactate dehydrogenase Serum isoenzymes Fraction 5 (of total) LAP (leukocyte alkaline phosphatase) LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase) Lead Leukocyte Alkaline phosphatase (LAP) Leukocyte Count (WBC, white blood cell count) Lipase Lipoprotein (a) Lutenizing hormone; men Blood Serum Serum Blood Blood Serum Serum Serum 616% 13100 m/L 100190 U/L <40 mg/dL 13100 m/L 4.310.8 103/mm3 0160 U/L 03 mg/dL 1.313 mIU/mL 0.826 mIU/mL 0.060.16 0.21.6 mkat/L 1.73.2 mkat/L <1.9 mmol/L 0.21.6 mkat/L 4.310.8 109/L 02.66 mkat/L 0300 mg/L 1.313 IU/L 0.826 IU/L

Lutenizing hormone; women mature, premenopausal, except Serum at ovulation Lutenizing hormone; women ovulatory surge Lutenizing hormone; women postmenopausal Lymphocytes (Lymphs) Lymphs (lymphocyes) M top Serum Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood Serum Serum Blood Blood

2557 mIU/mL 40104 mIU/mL 1645% 1645%

2557 IU/L 40104 IU/L 0.160.45 0.160.45

Magnesium MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin) MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) MCV (mean corpuscular volume) Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

1.83 mg/dL 2833 pg/cell 3236 g/dL 8698 mm3 2833 pg/cell 3236 g/dL

0.81.2 mmol/L 2833 pg/cell 320360 g/L 8698 fl 2833 pg/cell 320360 g/L

concentration (MCHC) Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Mono (monocytes) Monocytes (Mono) Myoglobin N top Blood 4574% 0.450.74 Blood Blood Blood Serum 8698 mm3 410% 410% <55 ng/L 8698 fl 0.040.10 0.040.10 <55 mg/L

Neutrophils (Poly, PMN) O top

Osmolality

Plasma

285295 mosmol/kg serum water 97% 80100 mmHg

285295 mmol/kg serum water 0.97 mol/mol 1113 kPa

Oxygen percent saturation (sea B, arterial level) Oxygen tension (PO2) P top Serum Plasma Arterial Blood Serum Serum Serum Blood Blood Blood Serum Blood

Parathyroid hormone Parathyroid hormone-related protein pH Phosphatase, acid Phosphatase, alkaline Phosphorus, inorganic Platelets PMN (neutrophils, Poly) Poly (neutrophils, PMN) Potassium

1060 pg/mL <1.3 pmol/L 7.387.44 05.5 U/L 30120 U/L 34.5 mg/dL 130,000 400,000/mm3 4574% 4574% 3.55.0 meq/L <2 ng/mL

1060 ng/L <1.3 pmol/L 7.387.44 0.90 nkat/L 0.52.0 nkat/L 1.01.4 mmol/L 130400 109/L 0.450.74 0.450.74 3.55.0 mmol/L <6 nmol/L

Progesterone; men, prepubertal girls, preovulatory women, Plasma postmenopausal women

Progesterone; women, luteal, peak Prolactin Prostate specific antigen >40 years Prostate specific antigen; male <40 years Prostate-specific antigen (PSA); female Protein, total

Plasma Serum Serum Serum Serum Serum

220 ng/mL 215 ng/mL 0.04.0 ng/mL 0.02.0 ng/mL <0.5 ng/mL 5.58.0 g/dL

660 nmol/L 215 mg/L 0.04.0 mg/L 0.02.0 mg/L <0.5 mg/L 5580 g/L

Protoporphyrin, free erythrocyte Blood (FEP)

0.280.64 1636 mg/dL of red mmol/L of red blood cells blood cells >25% associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) 0.51.5 mg/dL >0.25 associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) 60170 mmol/L

PSA, free, in males 4575 years, with PSA values between 4 and 20 mg/mL Pyruvate R top

Serum

Plasma

RDW (Red cell distribution width) Red cell distribution width (RDW) Reverse T3 (rT3) Rheumatoid factor rT3 (Reverse T3) S top

Blood Blood Serum Serum Serum

1315% 1315% 2.618.9 ng/dL <40 IU/mL 2.618.9 ng/dL

0.130.15 0.130.15 0.040.29 nmol/L <40 kIU/L 0.040.29 nmol/L

Sodium Sucrose hemolysis T top

Serum Blood

136145 meq/L Negative

136145 mmol/L Negative

T3 (Free)

Serum

230420 pg/dL

3.56.5 pmol/L

T3 (Total) Testosterone; men Testosterone; women Thyroglobulin Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) Thyroxine (T4) Transferrin Triglycerides Troponin I Troponin T TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) U top

Serum Plasma Plasma Serum Serum Serum Serum Serum Serum Serum Serum

60181 ng.dL 310 ng/mL <1 ng/mL 060 ng/mL 0.45.0 mU/mL 512 mg/dL 230390 mg/dL <160 mg/dL 00.4 ng/mL 00.1 ng/mL 0.45.0 mU/mL

0.92.8 nmol/L 1035 nmol/L <3.5 nmol/L 060 mg/L 0.45.0 mU/L 64154 nmol/L 2.33.9 g/L <1.8 mmol/L 00.4 mg/L 00.1 mg/L 0.45.0 mU/L

Uric acid; men Uric acid; women V top

Serum Serum

2.58.0 mg/dL 1.56.0 mg/dL

150480 mmol/L 90360 mmol/L

Vitamin A Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin B12 Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B6 Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Vitamin D3: 1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3: 25-hydroxy; winter Vitamin D3: 25-hydroxy; summer Vitamin E W

Serum Serum Serum Serum Plasma Serum Serum Plasma Plasma Serum

20100 mg/dL 02 mg/dL 200600 pg/mL 424 mg/dL 530 ng/ml 0.41.0 mg/dL 2545 pg/mL 1442 ng/mL 1580 ng/mL 518 mg/mL

0.73.5 mmol/L 075 nmol/L 148443 pmol/L 106638 nmol/L 20121 nmol/L 2357 mmol/L 60108 pmol/L 34.9105 nmol/L 37.4200 nmol/L 1242 mmol/L

von Willebrand's antigen WBC (leukocyte count, white blood cell count) Westergren Sed Rate; females < 50 y/o Westergren Sed Rate; females > 50 y/o Westergren Sed Rate; males < 50 y/o Westergren Sed Rate; males >50 y/o White blood cell count (leukocyte count, WBC) Z Zinc

Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood Blood

60150% 4.310.8 103/mm3 020 mm/h 030 mm/h 015 mm/h 020 mm/h 4.310.8 103/mm3

60150% 4.310.8 109/L 020 mm/h 030 mm/h 015 mm/h 020 mm/h 4.310.8 109/L

Serum

75120 mg/dL

11.518.5 mmol/L