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Browning Machine Gun Cal .30 - TM 9-2013 Ordnance Maintenance - Cal 30 Machine Gun M37 (Tank) - 1955

Browning Machine Gun Cal .30 - TM 9-2013 Ordnance Maintenance - Cal 30 Machine Gun M37 (Tank) - 1955

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CAL .. 30

M37 (TANK)





a lUgl:!.~ualit;r



lJigital Arcl:!.ives • BrowllillgMGS.com/Malluals.b. tm

rhis manual is distributed free to the collector community by BrowningMGs.com. You may download it for personal use or redistribute it from another s t t e so Long as it remains free. Special thanks to Dolf Goldsmi th for the generous loan of this manual from his collection.

TM 9-2013



No. 9-2013

25, D. C., '"{ JOIIWA/,1":!l1955

ClUl"TEa 1. INTRODUCTION Section I. General; n. Description and data


_ _

1-3 4.5 6-9


5,7 8



. . "

10-12 13-l6 . __ 17-29

18 Hl ~9 33,34 36 39 42 48 50 54 70


Rebuild flow chart aud operatious route sheeL_. __ 30,31 Back plate group" " : 32-37 Cover group " . 38-41 Bdlt gr~up---. " 42-46 Lock frame gl"cup ~-. • 47-50 Barrel and barrel extension group; , 51-54 Casing group 55--58 Hea.d space ....--. '" 59,60 INSPECTION .. . '". _'" 61,63 64,66 .___
. '" . . ' • __


Section I. Return to user II. Return to stock

71 73 76 79


Section 1. Scope a. These instructions I. GENERAL

are published for the information and guid_ ance of personnel responsible :for field a:nd depot ma:intena:nce of this materiel (figs. 1 a:nd 2). They contain information on maintenance which is beyond the scope of the tools, equipment, or supplies normally available to using organizations. This manual does not contain information which is intended primarily for the using organization, since such information is available to ordnance maintenance personnel in the pertinent operator's technical manuals or field manuals.


aal .. 30 "".(I.eM...e

,,,!n, H37

MED 20)236 (tumk)~'iokt'8ide V'i-mv.

Figure 2.

Cal .. 30 maclli"" gun M37 (trw/v)-lett-Jrid8


b. This manual contains a. description of and procedures for removal, disassembly, inspection, repair, rebuild, a:nd assembly of the cal, .30 machine gun M31 (ta:nk). ThEl appendix contains a list of current references, including supply and technical manuals a:nd other available publications applicable to the materiel. o, TM 9-2012 contains operating and lubricating instructions for the materiel and contains all maintenance operations allocated to

using organizations in -performing maintenance work within their scope, d. This first edition is being published in advance of complete technical review of all concerned. Any errors or omissions will be brought to the attention of the Chief of Ordnance, Washington 25, D. C., ATTN: ORDFM·Pub.

2. Field CI.nd Depot MClintenClnce AliocCltion
The publication of instructions for complete disassembly and rebuild is not to be construed as authority for the performance by field maintenance units of those functions which have been restricted to depot shops and arsenals. In general, the prescribed maintenance responsibilities will apply as reflected ill the allocation of maintenance parts listed in the appropriate columns of the current ORD 8 supply manual pertaining to this weapon. Instructions for depot maintenance are to be used by maintenance companies in the field only when the tactical situation makes the repair functions imperative. Provisions of parts listed in the depot guide column of ORD 8 ~upply manuals will be made to field maintenance only when t.he emergency nature of the maintenauce to be performed has been certified by a responsible officer of the requisitioning organization,

3~ Forms,

Records, and Reports

a. O('!lWl,at. Responsibility for the propel.' execution .of forms, records, and reports rests upon tll,,! officers of all units maintaining this equipment, However, the value of accurate records must be fully appreciated by all persons responsible for their compilation, msintellRJ1Ce,and use. Records, reports, and anthorized forms are normally utilized to indicate the type, quantity, and condition of materiel to be inspected, to be repaired, or to be used in repair. Properly executed forms convey authorization and serve as records for repair or replacement of materiel in the hands of troops and for delivery of materiel . requiring further repair to ordnance shops ill arsenals, depots, etc. The forms, records, and reports establish the work requ.ired, the progress of the work within tbe 8110P8, and the status of the materiel upon completion of its repair. b. Authorized. Forms. The forms generally applicable to units maintaining these weapons are listed in the appendix. No forms other than those approved for the Department of the Army will be used, For a complete listing of all forms, see current SIt 310-20-6. Additional forms applicable to using personnel are listed in the operator's manual. For instructions on use of these forms, refer to FM 9-10_ c. Field Re[J01't of Accidents. (1) /njul'yto pel'80nneZ 01' dam.age
4 to maieriel:

necessary to comply with the requirements

The reports of the Army sa.iety

program are prescribed in detail in SR 385-10-40 series of special regulations, These reports are required whenever accidents involving injury to personnel or damage to materiel, occur: (2) Amnllwnition. 1Vhenever an accident or runlfunction involving the use of nmmunition occurs, firing of the lot which malfunctions will be immediately discontinued. In addition to any applicable reports required in (1) above, details of the accident or malfunction will be reported as prescribed in SR 385-310..:.1. d: R(7)01't of Vn8ati8fact01'Y .Eq'ltipme'1lt 01' M ate'l'irils. Any suggestions iOT improvement in design and mnintenance of equipment and. spare parts, safety and efficiency of operation, or pertaining to the application of prescribed lubricants, and/or preserving materials, or technical inaccuracies noted in Dspartinent of the_Anny Publications, will be reported through technical channels, as prescribed in SR -700--45-5, to the Chief of Ordnance, "I;Vasbingtoll 25, D. C., ATTN: ORDFM, Ilsing DA Form 468, Unsatisfactory Equipment Report. Such suggestions are encouraged so that other organizat.ions may benefit.
Note. Do not report all failures that.occ_pr_ Report only REPEA'l'ElD or REOURRENT ranures which Indicate unsattsraetory design 01' material, 8ee also SR 700-45-5 and the printed tnstructtons on DA Form 408.



4. Description The cal, .30 machine gun M37 (tank) is an automatic, recoil-operated, link-belt fed, air-cooled weapon. The gun is designed for fixed or flexible use. Repositioning of certain component parts of the covel' assembly, bolt assembly, and feed aperture permits feeding of ammunition from either the left-hand or right-hand side (figs. 3 anc14).

li'ig",·c .~. C(I,/'.,30 nlClohi"e gut> MS, (IO,1Ik)-left-hond ,



________________________________________________________ ~--------------------------~------------~.I·

RA PO 203989

5. Tabulated Data
Weight of gun (approx.) Overall Iength., Denth of barret, . 41~ 21 in In 24, In

Space to rear required for removing barrel (approx.) Space required to open cover Caliber

SOIn 8* In ,30



6. General Tools, equipment, and maintenance parts over and above those available to the using organization are supplied to ordnance field maintenance units and depot shops for maintaining, repairmg, and/or rebuilding the materiel, 7.Parfs Parts not listed in an ORD 8 manual but required by depot shops in rebuild operation may be requisitionedfrom the listing in the corresponding ORD \) manual and will be supplied if available, when the need is subs tan tiatsd. Requisitions for ORD [) parts will contain a. complete [ustificaeion of requirements.

8.. Common Tools and Equipment
Standard and commonly used tools and equipment having general application to this materiel are listed in ORD 6SNL J-8, Section 6; and J-IO., Sections 1 and 2; [mel are authorized for issue by TA and

9. Special loo'ls ond Equipment The special tools :md equipment tab ulated in table I are listed in Department of the l\.rJ1lY Supply Manual ORD6 SNL J-12·. This tabulation contains on! y those special tools and equipmen t necessary to perform the operations described ill this manual, is mcluded for information only, and is not t{) be used as II basis for requisitions.
NotG. SpeCIal tools sets in ORO 6 SNL :r-12, in. addition to special tools, also contain standard aud commonly usad tools and equipment spe.cil'ieally nppllcahle to this materiel.



Identifying I__ No.





ANVIL, riveting, ad], par&lIel type, spotting and ri veting sid e plates, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). ANVIL, riveting, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY).



2011 __•

For riveting botto 1)). plate and top plate to side plates.



ANVIL, riveting, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLy).· ANVIL, riveting, extractor an d feed 'cams, .cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). ATTACHMENT, delinking, cal. .30, M8. BOX, bolt group spare • parts. BRUSH, cleaning, cal. .30_ BRUSH, cleaning chamber, M6 (bristle). CASE, cleaning rod, cal. .30 !',fl. COVER,

7106332 7106311



To rivet short top plate rivit 5020711 t h r o ugh side plates toto p plate. 20d "I'o rivet side plates and bottom plate. 20d_·_ _ _ _ __ _ '1'0 rivet extractor cam and extractor f<ledcam.


7162737 7148550 5564174






tridges from belt. To store spa r e


5506573 10

parts. To clean bore of barrel. To eleec chamber. _ To store jointed c l e a u i n g rod 6508237. To cover spare bar reI. 42a_ _______ To remove spring pins holding bolt switches. 55j _ _ __ ___ _ To remove spring pin holding cove detent pawl. 42a To remove ejector pin . 57c(1) (0).__ _ To spread the adap ter ears apart,

spa.re barrel; ____ 5593026 pin,

9 6

DRIFT, bolt switch cal. .30.


DRIFT, cover detent pawl, cal. .SO. DRIFT, ejector .SO. EXPANDER, ears, cal. .30 MAINT·EN o LY). EXTRACTOR, cartridge case, MKIV. GAGE, .30. breech pin, cal. adapter (DEPOT ANCE ruptured cal. .30, bore, cal.


8407289 6316037

6 5, 39, 4-0 5





16b(i,),52a (3), . 53a
630 (2).

To remove "epa rated cartridge case from cham ber. To measure breech bore .


'l'a~l<l I.

Special :l'oois <l1~d E(fltipment



and Depot Maint01!MICe--OQn.






GAGE, firing pin protrusion, cal, .30, min 0.060 in, max 0.068 in. GAGE, plug, uo go, firing pin hole, cal. .30, diam 0.081. GAGE, snap and width bottom plate ears, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). HIDER, flash, cal. .30, M6,

73111929 5077203



6, 39,

_ To measure' protrusion of firing pin. 13b, i s e, To check firing pill hole" diameter. 43a(6) ,


40 9 6

13b, 57e(1) (el· 55g,56d(S), 58/. 20d

To check inside and outside width of mounting ears. To hide muzzle flash. To hold rivets.


BOLDER, rivets, bottom plate, cal. .SO (DEPOT MAINTEN ANCE ONLY). MACHINE, link, loading, hand operated, M3, cap 20 rd. PEIN, riveting, machine, cal. ,30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). PEIN, riveting, machine, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). PEIN, riveting, machine, cal, .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLy). PEIN, riveting, machine, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). PEIN, riveting, machine, cal. .30 and .50 (DEPOT MAIN TEN A CE ONLY). POST, anvil, riveting, cal. .30 (DEPO'f MAINTENANCE ONLy). POST, a.Dvil, riveting, cal. .30 (DEPOT MAINTENANCE ONLY). REFLECTOR, barrel, cal. .30. REFLECTOR, barrel, cal. .30. ROD, cleaning, jointed, cal. .30, Nil (3 section \V /handle).




To link and delink cartridges. 20d To form rivets.



7106300 7106302 7106303

8 8


To form rivets, To form rivets. To form rivets. To form rivets.







7106293 7106327 7265788 7265789 6508237



20d_ _______ To rivet blockplate. 20d To rivet to side

trunnion to side top plate


9, 25 9

52(2) __ ____ To inspect bore of barrel. To inspect bore of
__ __ ____ Use with

barrel. brush bore.

patch to




Rereronccs: Ld""Ulylng

Fig. Par,


ROD, cleaning, cal. ,30, M2AI. TOOL, carbon, removing, front barrel' bearing, cal. .30. WRENCH, barrel bearing plug, cal. .30. WRENCH, M6. eombination,





7 9

21b_. 55g

6147277 5568334



Use with patch or brush to clean bore. To remove carbon from front barrel bearing. To disassemble and assemble front barrel bearing. "_ To disassemble, assemble" and adjust back plate adj ust ing screw,






~I".'."i""i..Q ~

RIVETING ANVIL-?10.6331 RAPD 203990 Figure 5. Special tools a-nd.equipment.




I 5346




PIN DRIFT-640n87



Fir;ure 6., Speoial tools 1111'11 er}1<il'm<mt.










Speeia ~to 0!8 and equip"Hmt.



Fig·rtre 8.




BRUSH M6--6108828



SPARE BARREL COVER-5S93026 Fi{fU.'e 9. SPl}oial tools ana equipment.

RA PO 134608


tl B L


ROD M2AI-6508398


JOINTED CLEANING ROD MI-6508237 Pigure 10. Special/oals and equipment.

RA PO 204039

Section .1. GENERAl 10. Scope
This chapter provides specific instructions for the technical inspection by ordnance maintenance personnel of materiel either in the hands of troops or when received for repair in ordnance, shops. It also briefly describes the in-process inspection after repair or rebuild has been completed. Troubleshooting information is incorporated wherever applicable as it normal phase of inspection.

11. Purposes of Inspecti.on
Inspections are made for the 'Purpose of..__. a. Determining the condition of an item as to aerviceability. b. Recognizing conditions which would cause failure. G. Assuring proper application of ruaintenance policies at prescribed levels. d. Determining the ability of a unit to accomplish its maintenance and supply missions. 12. Categories of Technical Inspection In general, five categories of inspecti on are performed byordnance maintenance personnel. a. Overall lw;pection. This is It periodic overall inspection performed.by a contact party on materiel in the hands of troops and an inspection performed by maintenance company personnel when mareriel is evacuated the ordnance company. The inspection of materiel evacuated is more thorough and includes check and repair of minor points that would not be required in the inspection performed by a contact party. b. Preembarkation. Inspeotion. This inspection is conducted on materiel in alerted units scheduled :for oversea duty to -insure that such materiel will not become unserviceable or worn out in a relatively short time. It prescribes a higher percentage of remaining usable



life in serviceable serviceability.


to. meet a specific need beyond minimum

c. In-Process Inspections. These are inspections performed in the process of repairing (field maintenance) 01' rebuilding (depot maintenance) the materiel as prescribed in chapter 4. This is to insure that all parts conform to the prescribed standards, that the workmanship is in accordance with approved methods and procedures, and that deficiencies not disclosed by the preliminary inspection are found and corrected. Detailed instructions are contained in chapter 4. A tabulated listing of these same repair and rebuild standards is also provided in table II (par. 13) for ready reference. d. Final Inspection: This is an acceptance inspection performed by a final inspector, after repair or rebuild has been completed, to insure that the materiel is acceptable for return to user or for return to stock according to the standards established. Detailed instructions are contained in chapter 5. e. Spot-Check Inspection. This is a periodic overall inspection performed on only a percentage of the materiel in each unit to determine the adequacy and effectiveness of organizational and field maintenance.
Section II.



13. General Warning: Before starting a technical inspection, be sure to clear the weapon. Do not touch the trigger until the weapon has been
cleared. Inspect the chamber to insure that it is empty. and check to see that no ammunition is in POSl tiori to be introd need. A void ha ving live ammunition in the vicinity of the work

Preparatory Prooeduee«.
(1) Check to see that the weapon lHIS been cleaned of all corrosion-preventive compound, grease, excessive oil, dirt, or foreign matter which might interfere with proper functioning or obscure the true condition of the parts. (2) Make an overall inspection of the weapon f01"general appearance, condition, operation, and manual functioning. Use dummy cartridges.

b, Impection Guide. Table II is provided as a check list to be used as It guide for the inspection of weapons in the hands of troops. The overall inspection column lists the standard denoting minimum serviceability and the next column lists the standards for preembarkation inspection.
Note. Tile additiona! columns ate provided for cornparattva intorma Lion only to show the standards which are desired wnen the weapon is refJairedaml rebuilt in 01'dnanee field 0'· depot shops,




Table II.

Inspection Gui&.


Cal... SO Machine Gu.n MS7 (Tank)
Final tnspecucn depot matntenanee



Light gray W dense black in color. Exterior parts having distinct shine are fOT training use only. Fit tightly in. casing assembly but removable witho 11t exeessi ve f 0 rce,

Light gray to dense black in color. Exposed surfaces will be dullenough to prevent glare. Fit tightly in easing assembly but removable without excessive for-ce.

Exposed :surfa ce will ba ve a dull finish and will be free of bends and cracks. Fit tightly in casing assembly but removable without excessive force. Adjusting screw, plunger, and spring must work freely and poslti vely. Adj usting screw will no t protrude more than one full thread beyond buffer plate and will be tightened to 22 to 26 foot-pounds. Buff er disks w ill be replaced if frayed or discolored.
Safety will engage properly


new finish.

Fj t tightly

in casiu g !I&" but removable without ex eesst ve force. Adjusting screw, plunger, and spring' must work freely and positively. 'Ad· iusti ng screw will 110 t protrude more than one Iull thread beyond buffer
pia tean d will be tigb wrred

to 22 W 26 foot-pounds. Buffer disks will be replaced if frayed Or discolored.
Safety will engage properly


Free of corrosion, bulges, and rings. Pits not to exceed % ill ch in Iength,

Free of corrosion, bulges, and rings. Pits not to exceed % inch .. Breed, b 0 r e rea ding, using breech bore gage

and operate wi til ease. Each gun will be equipped with a new barrel unless the condition of the old barrel approximates that of a new one. Used bar-

and operate with ease. Each gun will be equipped with a new barrel unless thecoudi tiou of the. ol d barrel approximates that of a. new one. Used bar-

5564343 must not ceed O.30il in eh,



Free of sharp edges, Breech lock will work freely. Upper fo.rward beveled edge w1U be free from wear and well defined. Barrel Ioeking spring will prevent rotation of barrel dmit!g firiug. Will not be bent to the extent of binding bar· ret in front barrel bearing. Bolt will be free of sharp 00 mers find bu rs on its va,.i 0 us operating sur. faces. T slot will be free of carbon and corrosion.

Free of sharp edges. Breech 10 ck will wO'r k freely. Upper forward beveled edge will be free from wear and well defined. B arte! looking spr ing will prevent rotl!.tioo of bar" rel duriug firi]) g. . Will not be bent to the extent of bindlng barrel in front barrel bearing. Bolt will be free of sharp corners and burs On ius varicus operating surfaces.

rels must pass a vis\1&1 inepectiou and the breech bore reading, using breech b ore gage 5564M3 will not exceed 0.304 inch .' Free or sharp edges.


.rels must pass !I ViSUAlinspection and the breech bore reading, usin g breech bore gage 5564.343 will not exceed 0.304 tnoh. Free of sharp edges.



BOLT __ .

T slot, will be free 0 [ earbon and eorroslon,

Breech lock will work freely Breech lock whl work freely with a minimum of loosewith a minimum of looseness it! its slot. Upper ness in its slot. Upper· forward beveled edge will forward beveled edge will be free from we&l and well be free from wear and well defined. defined. Barrel looking spring will Barrel locking spring will pr event TO tiltion of b srprev en t rotation of barrel during firing, ret during firlug, Win not be bent to the exWill not be bent to theexten t of binding b arret in tent of binding barrel in front barrel bearing. ·Will rron t barrel bearing. Will be held. tight in place on be held tight inp!aoe on receiver· by flat-head receiver by flat-head screw. ScI""". Bolt will be free of sharp Bolt wj\l be free of sharp comers and burs on it.s corners and burs on its various operating surfaces. various operating surlaces. Maximum depth of T slo] Maximum depth of T slot permitted ill 0.126 inch; permitted is 0.126 inch; maximum depth of T ·slot. maxlmum depth of T slot groove is 0.055 inch. groove i!! 0.055 inch.


10 be Inspected









be straight and tightly riveted. Breech lock cam screw will be staked inside reeeiver in two places. Breech lock cam will have perceptible float.

Wi.1l be st.raight and tightly riveted. Breech lock (lam SCrew will be staked inside receiver in two places. Breech lock cam will have perceptible float.



Will not bind or have excessively loose fit. Cover detent pawl will operate smoothly and hold cover open. Cover latch will work smocthlyandholdcover closed securely.

Will not bind or have excessively loose fit. Cover detent pawl will operate smoothly and hold cover open. Cover latch will work smoothly and hold cover closed" secu rely"

WiLLbe straight and tightly riveted. Breech lock ca m screw will be drawn up tight, then loosened ~, to }~.turn and staked inside receiver to two places. Breech lock cam must float. Check inside and outside width of mou nting ears using bottom plate ears soap and width gage 7319922. Inside minimum width is 1.5 inches. Outside maximum width is 2.312 in ches, Maximum diameter of mounting hole will not exceed 0.445 inch. Will not bind or have )(Ce5sively loose fit. Cover detent pawl will operate smoothly and hold cover open. Co ver latch will IV 0 rk smoothly and hold cover closed securely.

Will be straight, and tightly, riveted. Breech lock cam screw will be drawn up tigh:; then loosened }' to Y. tu rn and .staked inside receiver in two places. Breech lock cam must float. Check inside and outside width of mounting ears using bottom plate" ears snap and width gage 7319922. Inside minimum width is 1.5 inches. Outside maximum width is 2.312 inches. Maximum diameter of mounting hole will not exceed 0.445 inch. Will not bind or have excessively loose fit. Cover detent pawl will operate smcothly and hold cover open. Cover latch will work smoothly and hold cover closed securely.

Extractor CII.Ill surface in cover will be free of burs and excessi ve

Extr actor cam surface in cov r will be free of burs arid excessi ve

Extractor cam surface in cover will be Iree .of bu 1"5 and excessive wear.

Extra<:tor cam surface in cover will be free of burs and excessive wear. Belt feed lever action will be free from binding and interference. Free of btl IS and cartridge engaging lip will not have feather edge. Extractor plunger spring will provide adequate tension on extractor plunger. Eiector will work smoothly and freely under tension of ejector spring. Check for elongated hole, Maximum diameter is 0.081 inch and will not permit entrance of firing pin hole no go plug gage 5077203. Cbeck protrusion, using firing pip protrusion gage 7319929.. Min.-O.06B. inch, Max.-0.068 inch.




BeLt reed lever action will be free from binding and in terf erence, _ Free of btl rs and cartridge engaging lip will not have feather edge. Extractor plunger spring will provide adequate tension on extractor plunger. Ejeotor will work smoothly and freely under tension of eiector spring. Visual elongation is basis for rejection.

BeLt feed lever action will . be free from binding and in torr eren Ceo Free of burs an d cartridge engaging lip will not have feather edge. Extractor plunger spring will provide adequate .tension on extractor plunger. Ejector will work smoothly and freely under tension of ejector spring. Visual elongation is basis for rejection.

Belt feed lever action w:ill
be free from binding and in terl er an ceo Free of burs and cartridge engaging lip will not have feather edge. Extractor plunger spring will . provide adequate tension on· extractor plunger. Ejeotor will .1V0rk smootWy and freely under tension of <;,jector spring. Check for elongated hole. Maximum diameter is 0.081 inch and will not permit entrance of firing pin hole no go plug gage 5077203. Check protrusion using, -firing PIn protrusion gage 7319929. Min.-O.066 inch, Ma.'<.-0,068 inch.

Ta-llie II -. tnsnecuon.
Poil> ~ 10 be 1'1.S])<ICtod


for Oal. .30 MaM,ine






Will be ill altnement and free from distortion. Front sight post assembly will remai.n raj sed du ri n g firin g of gun.

Will be in aUnement and .free from distortion. Front sight bla-de should be firmly fastened in place. Front sig b t post assembly will raise and lower without binding and will rem a.i n raised during firing.

Will be in alinement and free from distortion. Front sight blade will be firmly fastened in place. Front sight post assembly will raise all d 10 wet without binding and w:ill remain raised during firing. Check head space: Accelerator lugs will be free of exeessl ve wear all d claws will not bind on b arrel extension. Min.-7 pounds _ M!>J<.-12 pounds _ Will not be distorted, Gradu atio ns will be clearly defined by use of graduation filler 51-70lA. near sight windage screw will be sufficiently

Will be in alinement and free from distortion. Front sight blade will be firmry fastened in place. Front sigh t post assem bly will raise and lower without binding and will remain raised during firing. Check head space. Acee! era 00r lugs will be free of ex eessi ve wear and claws wiU not bind on barrel extension, lI1in.-7 pounds Max.-12 pounds Will not be distorted. Graduations will be clearly defi ned by use of grad HI"tion filler til-70-1A. Rear sight windage screw will be suff ciently tight to


Check head space

~_ Check head space Aceclerator lugs will be free of cxcessi ve wear !,nd claws will not bmd On barrel extension.

Accelerator lugs will be free of excessive wear and claws will not bind ou ba rrel extension. Will not be dis borted, Grad ua tiolls will be clearl y defined. Rear sight windage SCrew will be suffi eie n tly tigb t to eliminate change of


PULL Will not be distorted. Graduations will be clearly defined. Rear sigbt windage screw will ge sufficiently tight
to elim inateeb ange or



during fit-

ad] ustment duri ng B.ing,


to prevent



Will not

be distorted, or otherwise damaged. Pecdwaytc . he free of but" and excesstve wear:

Will not be distorted, cracked, Or otherwise damaged, Feedway to be free of burs and exeessi ve wear.

of ad] ustment during firing, Maximum end pial' is 0.010 inch. Will be free 0 r crack", be nds, and tig btll' ri voted to-gether, Maximuur diameter of f'{Int mou nting
hole 'is 0.567 inch,

prevent change of adjustment during firing, M... ximum end play is 0.,010 inch. Will be free of cracks, bends, a "d~igh til' riveted together, Maximum diameter of front mounting

hole is 0.567 inch.

14. In$pection of Materiel in the Hands of Troops a. GlJITWraL Refer to TM !t-ll00 for responsibilities and fundamental duties of inspecting.perscnnel, the necessary notice and preparations to be made, forms to be used, and geueI'M procedures and methods to be followed by inspectors. Materiel to be inspected includes organizational spare parts and equipment and the stocks of cleaning and preserving materials. In ths course of this technical inspection, the inspector.will accomplish the following : (1) Determine serviceability, i. e., the degree of serviceability, completeness; and readiness for immediate use, with special reference to safe and proper functioning of the materiel. If the materiel is found serviceable, it will .be continued ill service. In the event it is found unserviceable or incipient failures are disclosed, the deficiencies will be corrected on the spot or advice given as to corrective measures when applicable, or if necessary, the materiel will be tagged for delivery to and repair by ordnance maintenance personnel, (2) Determine causes of mechanical and fimctional difficulties that troops may be experiencing and check for indications of neglect, improper handling, storage, security, and preservation due to lack of knowledge or misinformation. (3) Check on application of all authorized modifications to see that no unauthorized altarations have been made, or that work beyond the authorized scope of the unit is being attempted. In addition, check the index in SE 310-20-4 and tha current modification work order files for any additional modification 'work orders promulgated subsequent to the printing. (4) Instruct the using personnel in proper preventive maintenance procedures where found j nadequate, (5) Check on completeness of the organizational maintenance allowances ';..nd procedures for obtaining replenishments. (6) Check storage conditions of genera.l supplies and ammunition. (7) Initiate a thorough report on materiel on "deadline," with reasons therefor, for further appropriate action. (8) The inspector should report to the responsible officer any carelessness, negligence, unauthorized modifications, or tampering. This report should be accompanied by recommendations for correcting the unsatisfactory conditions. b. M aohvne Gu,n. (1) Inspect gun to see I;]llttthex·eare no glaring surfaces. (2) Check operation of trigger so,iety. (3) Check functioning of gun, using dummy ammunition. (4) Check head space. 26

(5) Check barrel bore for excessive pitting. Use breech bore gage 5564343 (fig. 6) to determine serviceability. (6) Check trigger pull minimum-7 pound ; maximum-12 pounds. (7) Check bolt group for proper assembly. (8)" Check back plate for fitin receiver. It must fit tightly but' must not bind. (9) Back plate adjusting screw wili not protrude more than one" full thread beyond end of buffer tube. (10) Check cover group operation. (11) Check springs for free length (table V, par. (6). (12) Check retracting bar lock operation ..

15. Inspection of Mate.riel Received in Ordnance Shops a. Paragraph 14 applies also to the inspection of materiel received
in ordnance shops. 'b, If materiel received in ordnance shops is not tagged to indicate the nature of the repair, steps should be taken to determine the cause of the unserviceability, the extent of the required repairs and au estimate of the parts req uired, c. Table III lists malfunctions, probable causes, and corrective action to be taken.
Table II t.

CorrectlV'e action

Prob~ble causes

Failure to feed

Failure to fire

Belt feed lever pin worn or broken. Belt feed pawl spring weak or broken. . Tight head space. Lightly struck primer. Firing pin spring weak or broken, Sear spring weak or broken.

Replace belt reed lever pin. Check Of repla ce belt f;;;;d pawl spring (par. 3ge). . Cheek head space (par. 59). Check firing pin protrusion (par. 460.)" Check or replace firing pin sprlng (par. 4.3b). Check or replace sesr spring (par. 43d). Remove separated case from chamber; use ruptured cartridge Case extractor 5503854. Replace ejector (par. 43k). Remove cartridge (par. 44b). Check T slot (par. 43a (3) .. Check firing pin hole, using firing pin hole no go plug gage 5077203 {par. 'l3a (6».

Failure to load, ____ Separated cartridge case due to loose head splice.


Ejector broken. T slot obstructed due to thick rim ou cartridge. prime!" _ _ _ Elongated firing pin hole.


16. Pre--Embarkationlnspedion of Materiel in Units Alerted for Oversea Movement a. G~eral.
(1) Materiel will not be considered unserviceable for oversea use because of lack of modification unless such modification affects the safety of personnel; is essential to fUD ctioning of the materiel; Or is prescribed by an URGENT Department of the Army modification work order (M"\¥O). (2) MeW finishes range from dense black to medium Iight gray. Certain weapons are manufactured with an unusual shade of neutral gray finish. This finish (gray zinc phosphate) is an accepted Department of the Army standard, and these weapons will not be rejected for this reason alone. A worn surface is objectionable from the standpoint of visibility- when it is capable of reflecting light, somewhat as a mirror does. Bright sights will not be permi.tted on weapons for oversea use. Check to see that all sights have a dull black or gray finish on surfaces (3) Light pitting of the barrel, even though plainly visible, is not cause for rejection. Barrels, which have pits cutting into the lands, are unserviceable, . (4) Looseness and play in such components as sights, back plates.and -bolts may be cause for rejection. b. Machine GUIlU. (1) Check breech bore, using; breech bore gage 5564343 (fig. 6). If reading exceeds 0.304 inch, the barrel must be retained.in the zone of interim' and used for training purposes only, (.2) Check side plates for cracks or deformation at slot for back


(3) Check cover and barrel jacket to see that they are not excessively loose in the trunnion block. 28


Section I. GENERAL 17. General· a. Information and instructions contained herein ar~ supplementary to mstructions for the using organization contained in TM 92012.

b. In this manual, tlie main groups of the weapon are disassembled, inspected, replaced or repaired, and assembled. For information on removal and installation of groups, refer to TM 9-2012. A group is a numbs!" of parts or assemblies, or both, which either function together or are intimately related to each other and should be considered together. . . c. A rebuild flow chart and an operation route sheet, whlch specify the various steps necessary in repair and rebuild of the weapon, are contained iii this chapter for -the use of maintenance shops engaged in repair and rebuild. for return to stock d. Information for ordnance maintenance units ellgaged in repair for return a user and information for maintenance shops engaged in repair and rebuild for return to stock are covered together, but wherever the operation is not authorized for the field level of maintenance, a note is added such as (DEPOT MAINTENANCE O:NLY) to indicate the prescribed level of maintenance. e. Where different standards or tolerances are prescribed for field and for depot levels, the desired standard for the particular level is simila-rly indicated in parentheses. 18. Cleaning
a. Gene1'al. Refer to TM 9-2-012 for using arms Information on cleaning, cleaning agents, and precautions to be observed in cleaning. Information for ordnance personnel is given in b through d below. b. Cleaning>M ateriei Received From Storaoe. Materiel received in ordnance shops from storage is usually packed in a heat-sealed, flexible, water-vaporproof aluminum foil with a Kraft creped paper liner coated on the interior with a volatile corrosion inhibitor (VCI).


Generally, the materiel is coated with special preservative lubricating oil and need not be degreused .. Materiel coated with rust-preveutave compound will be cleaned by one of the methods in (1) through (3) below, whichever is applicable or available. .'
Note. Do not dean buffer disks and woorlen 01" plnstie parts by dip-tank


method; use nand metllod.

(1) Dip-tank 1lWthod. Disassemble II·S required, place parts in a perforated metal basket, and submerge and agitate ill 11 tank containing volatile mineral spirits, Repeat, using a second tank with clean thinner. Extent of treatment in each tank will depend on the ease with which the preservatives are dissolved. Wipe dry with wiping cloth and dip in special preservative lubricating oil. (2) Vapor-degreaser method. Tanks containing a heated solution of trichlorethylene or perchlorethylene (type II) are used mostly :for degreasing items that are very greasy 01' oily and are not readily cleaned by the dip-tank method. Place parts in a perforated metal basket and submerge just below the vapors in the tank and keep unt.il all gt'ease or oil melts andruns off the parts in the basket.
Warning: Personnel operating vapor degreasers are cautioned not to breathe ~he vapor fumes.

Remove from tank and dip in special preservative lubricating oil. (3) Hand method. Apply volatile mineral spirits by swabbing large parts of the gun to remove the rust-preventive compound. To dean small parts, place them in a bath and scrub them with a brush or with a Iintless wiping cloth saturated with volatile mineral spirits. Care must be exercised to insure that all springs, spring wells, and other recesses have been thoroughly cleaned. Close visual inspection, after wiping all surfaces with a. clean wiping cloth, will reveal any remaining rust-preventive compound, If the cleaning 11a$. not been thorough, the cloth will show a brownish stain. Dry the components with a clean, dry, lintless wiping cloth. 1'Vhe.n dry, dip all the components in special preservative lubricating oil. c. Cleaning After Repair or Rebuild. (1) After repair or rebuild operations and prior to assembly, remove shop dirt and other foreign matter from all metal surfaces. This can be done by the dip-tank method (b (1) above), the vapor-degreaser method (b (2) above), or by cleaning with cloths soaked in volatile mineral spirits.

(2) In the dip-tank method , agitation for approximately 1minute in each tank is sufficient; in the vapor-degreaser method, treatment for about 2 to 3 minutes is sufficient. d. Oleaning After Shop Imspection: After in-process shop, inspections, dip parts in a tank containing fingerprint remover oil (type A), remove (use rubber gloves), and dry thoroughly with dry compressed air (provided with moisture filter traps) or by wiping with clean, lint-free dry cloths. 19. Lubrication
a. Guns should be kept clean and oiled for rust prevention at all times. Keep a light film of oil on all parts undergoing repair and rebuild operations to prevent rust from forming. For detailed instructions on lubricating this materiel, refer to TM 9-2012. b. Authorized cleaning materials for lubricating weapons are listed ill ORD 3 SNL K-l.

20. General Repair and Rebuild Methods a. The repair and rebuild of cal. .30 machine gun M37 (tank), with its equipment, consists largely :in the replacement of worn or broken parts. . b. Wben parts or assemblies are broken or worn so as to render them unserviceable, they must be replaced. In most cases, replace the unserviceable part; however, if removal of these 'Parts from the assembly is not warranted in view of the urgency of the tactical situation oJ' the value of the part or parts, the entire assembly should be replaced. c. Special tools for maintenance and repair of the gun are listed in table I (par. 9). Substitute tools must not be used without authorization of the ordnance officer in charge. In such cases, the tools must not mutilate parts. d. Tightening of loose rivets or replacement of rivets, where necessary, in an operation restricted to depot maintenance only. The appropriate special anvil, holder, pein, and post (figs. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. and 10), will be used to maintain the guns. 21. Removal of Excessive Carbon and Rust a. During firing, hard carbon gradually accumulates in the front barrel bearing. This carbon, if not removed, will eventually cause the barrel to bind, and may cause the gun to cease functioning. W11en cleaning, these parts should be inspected for carbon. b. Carbon is removed easily with the front barrel bearing carbon removing tool 7106460 (fig. 7). Disassemble front barrel bearing from barrel jacket (par. 55f). Q., Light rust may generally be removed with a cioth moistened with light oil or rifle-bore cleaner. If this does not suffice, use crocus cloth

or fine abrasive cloth. Take care not to scratch or alter cleaned surfaces, to remove thoroughly all dirt and abrasive, and to recilsurfaces before assembling- the parts. 22. Removal of Burs From Threads, Screwheads, and Working Surfaces During the entire life of the gun, polishing and stoning are necessary to relieve friction and to remove burs set up by firing. Burs on screwheads, threads, and. like surfaces should be removed with a fine file. BUl'S on such working surfaces as the cam grooves on top of the bolt, engaging surfaces of the sear slide, sear, and firing pin point, and any roughness on working parts such as the accelerator, breech lock, and breech lock cam, should be removed with a fine sharpening stone, Cauiion : Care should be observed to stone and file evenly and lightly and not to remove more metal than is absolutely necessary.und to maintain correct contour of surface worked on. Parts or assemblies should never be altered i.n any way that would affect interchangeability of parts, 23. Finish of Metals a. A. class a, or class B, type II phosphate finish will be used unless otherwise specified herein. b. During the process of refinishing, the barrels will be protected from acids, alkali, or phosphate solutions by plugging the muzzle and breech with co1'J(3. c. It will not be necessary to refinish parts that already have a good quality finish and that refinishing win not definitely improve. d . All metal parts will be free of rust. 24, Barrels Barrels will be fl·es of rust, powder fouling, bulges, 01' rings, Muzzle will be free of burs, Fine pits are allowed if they do not materiallyaffect the sharpness of lands. Pits are allowed in the chamber if they are not sufliciently large to cause extraction difficulties, Barrels will be replaced if lands are excessively worn 01', if pits are as wide as the lands, grooves, or ars more than three-eighths of an inch. 25. Springs Replace all springs that are corroded, weak, distorted, or fail to meet specifications (table V, par, 66). Springs will he load-tested as specified in the table. 26. Repair of Damaged Machined and Polished Surfaces Rough spots, scores, btu'S, galling, that the part will efficiently perform 32 and gouges will be smothered so its normal function. The finish

of the repaired part will approximate that of the original finish. III performing any of the above operations, critical dirnen ions will not be altered,

27. Functioning of Safeties Allm anu ally opernted safety fea tures will be tested for sa tisfactory

28. Function-Firing
Cal .. 30 machine gun' l\'{31 (tank) will be function-fired with the number of rounds specified tabulated in a and b below after rebuild. Barrels considered worn beyond serviceability limits (slave barrels) should be used if possible. Guns that f.ail to meet the function-firing test are to be corrected by replacement of detective component or by performing such repair as required. a. Dummy ammunition fed by hand from each side (use of dummy ammunition optional) 10 rds. b. Ball ammunition fired front each side, 251'ds.

29. Marking of Rebuilt Weapons
All rebuilt machine guns will be stamped with t.he initials of the rebuilding establishment in the United States; weapons rebuilt b overseas base shops will not be stamped. Initia.ls identifying the sstahlishment rebuilding: a machine gun are stamped on the rightside plate di rectly to the left of the serial number, If the weapon is subsequently rebuilt at another establishment, the Dew identifying initials will be placed directly below those preceding. 1£ the weapon is rebuilt at the same establishment a before, new initials need not be added. The establishment and the initials t.o be used are as follows:
Augusta AI'SerrnL___ ______________ __ __ __ All.


Arsenn L


~______ __ __ _

__ _ BA

Mt. Ramler Ordnance DepoL______________________________________ MA Raritan Al'sennL ._____________________________________________ RA Red River Al'senal RRA Rock Islaud Arsenal; . . RIA Spri ngfield Armor,\" ___ ____ ___ 'A

A flow chart illustrating the sequence of opera ions necessary during rebuild of the weapon is provided in figure 11. This chart is intended for the information of depot maintenance organizations rebuilding the weapon by assembly line procedures for return to stock. The flow chart and the operations route sheet are provided to assist the shop foreman in shop layout, job assignments, and setting up for rebuilding


quantity of weapons. Check the listing ill the current Pam 310-4 for any modification work orders or technical bulle ins 01' TB's that would require additional set-ups.


Operations Route Sheet

The operation route sheet (table IV) supplements he rebuild flow chart (fig. 11). The operation numbers corrrespond to the numbers or the chart, Special tools, gages, fixtures, and machines required for an operation are indicated oppo: ite the operation.






RA PO 20)99.4

F'i{I1We 11.

R(Jb'll,j/(l tuno cha,'t


oul .. 30 lIU1Chi7le uml




Table 11'.

Operation Route Sheet


Oal .. SO Macro·iM (f""MB7


~~ __ P~ N~.

O_~_~_\I"' _
Unpack. Degrease .


M_._rnm_' __



5564343 7319922

1 2 3 4 5 6

Degreaser_ "• " • _. 5568334 6147277 5568334 7265788 6316037

Inspect for ser v tceabi l.ioy . Disassemble weapon " " Disassemble groups •

I nsp ect all parts Inspect barrel chamber lind bore; _____________ Inspect 'trunnion block mounting hole. Inspectrear mounting "ars "__"_ r aspect buffer disk s, Inspect bolt; T slot and tiring pin hole. Inspect belt feed lever __• _______ _____________ Inspect. casi OJ; for loose rivets, crac ks, or dell ts.

:_ 5077203


fr-<lnt barrel

6315346 6595341 7! 06293 7106294 7106300 7106302 7106303 7106304 7106311 7106327 7106331 7106332 bearing', ____ _ ___ __ _ __ __ _ _ 7106460


8 9

10 11

Repair and rennish. Make necessary repeirs or r ... placement, Sandblast and refinish parts requiring refin.ishillg. Lubricate to preserve parts. Assemble groups . 5568384 Check firing pi" protrusion ,_____________ _________ 7319929 Tighten breech lock cam screw; then back off H. to y.tum Sta.ke on inside two places. Assemble weapon. " " __" 5568334 "6147277 Shop inspection head space. Minor rep airs.
Nule. It.opoac. O}le"I."aUons '9. io, and 11 U repair


13 14 15

Proof-fire (Use slave barrel). Clean gun (Replace slave barrel). Fi,n&! inspection and record seri"l


Section III. BACK PLATE GROUP 32. Removal Refer to TM 9-2012 for removal of back plate assembly.

33.. Disassembly
Disassemble back plate assembly (fig. 12) and buffer assembly as prescribed in TM 9-2012, using combination wrench 1[6 5568334 (fig. 13).
. LATCH LOCK~7188636

RAPD 203995
l'i(j1tn; 12.

u« ./, Plate


34. Inspection a. General. Check all parts for damage, cracks, excessive wear that may cause malfunctions, burs, rust, foreign matter in recesses, and free action of mating parts. b. Bulle'I' Plate (fig. 14). Check buffer plate for binding in back plate. c. Bufie» Di8k (fig. 14) . Check for frayed or discolored disks. d. Adju{ltimg Screw (fig. 14). Check threads. e. Bade Plate (fig. 14). Back plate must not bind in guideways of the casing. f. Safeties (fig. 14). Check trigger safety for ease of operation and proper engagement. 35. Repair and Rebuild (Field and Depot Maintenance) a. Replace all broken, worn, or otherwise unserviceable parts, Remove burs and rust as outlined in paragraphs 21 and 22. b. Back plate adjusting screw, adjusting screw plunger, and adjusting screw spring mu t work freely and positively. o. The back plate assembly must not bind in the guideways of the casing, and should be free enough to permit its removal.

RA PO 203997

d. Replace frayed OJ: discolored buffer disks. s, Adjusting screw must not protrude more than one full thread (or %6 in.) beyond end of buffer tube and must be tightened 22 to 26 footpounds. - f.. Adjusting screw plunger and spring must operate freely and, when tightened to specified torque, the plunger must be seated in its recess.

36. Asse.mbly
Refer to TM 9-2012 for assembly of the back plate assembly. 37. Instal.lation For inst.allation procsd ure, refer to TM 9-2012.

W 0>


LOCK SPRING-7188669 LOCK-7188636


=; ~


SPRING PLUNGER-7188623 SPRING---7188658












RA PO 203996


Section IV. COVER GROUP 38. Removal and Disassembly Refer to TM 9-2012 for removal and disassembly of covel' group
(fig. 15).

39. Inspection a. Belt Feed Level'. Check for burs and weal' on bolt contact lug and 011 boss or slide end of belt feed lever. b. Belt Feed Pawl (fig. 1&), Check for weal' and cracks. c. Belt Feed Pawl Spl'in.q (fig. 16). Check free length of spring (table V, par. 66), d. Gover Extractor Spring and Oam. Check action of the spring. The spring should be strong and with positive engagement ill cut-out in cover extractor cam surface.



(1) Gover extractor cam surfnce will be free of excessive weal' and sharp edges. Surfaces will be smooth and free of burs. (2) Check cover assembly for cracks and breaks. 40. Repair and Rebuild (Field and Depot Maintenance) Covel' will not bind or have excessively loose fit in trunnion block. surfaces on the belt feed levers will be free of excessive weal' and will not be bent or distorted. G. Belt feed level' action will be free from binding and interference. d. Covel' extractor cam surface will not be worn to the extent that functioning is affected. e, Serviceable covel' assemblies (without serial uumbers) which are removed for finishing will be identified by stamping gun serial number on the inside cover. f· The covel' detent group must hold the covel' open and work freely. g. The covel' assembly wilf contain the belt feed level' pin group. Replace belt feed lever pin and spring pins if they show even slight signs of weal' and looseness. h. The covel' latch will hold the COVel' securely closed. i. The belt feed pawl, belt feed pawl arm, and belt feed slide will be replaced if worn or broken. j. Check the belt feed pawl sp.ring for free length given in table V (par, 66). Replace if worn 01' broken. k. The belt feed pawl pin assembly should hold the belt feed pawl and arm securely. Replace the pin assembly if worn 01' broken,

b. All operating

41. Assembly and lristallation Assemble and install cover group as prescribed in TM 9-2012.


BELT FEED PAWL ARM---6 134 155



RA PD 203998
Fig1t1'e 15.

Cover g1·01Ip--'l'i9ht-han(~ feed, wrrangmnent.




SPRING.3135297 {


RA PD .203999 Z,'ig'llI'e 16, Oooer gl'otlp-e:1Jp~oded 'view,


42. Removal and Di.sassembly a. Bolt Group. Remove and disassembly bolt group (fig. 17) as prescribedin TM 9-2012. Use cal. .30 'bolt switch pin drift 8407287
(fig. 6) to remove 0.156 x 3/4 sp..ring pins holding the two bolt switches. Use cal .. 30 ejector pin drift 8407289 (fig. 6) to remove the ejector pin.

RA PD 204000 Figure 17. Boll grootp.

b. DrivingSpringA.8sembly

(fig. 18). (1) Remove staking over ends of collar stop pin and drift out pin. (2) Remove collar and driving spring.


a. Bolt (fig. 19).

_ . (1) Examine for cracks in the body and burs on the bolt guides. (2) Inspect to ascertain smoothness of the bolt rails. _ (3) Inspect smoothness of tile cartridge T slot. It must be free from brass or other residue. (4) Inspect smoothness of the belt feed lever tracks in the top of the bolt . .(5) Examine the recoil plate in the face of the bolt for carbon-and





RA PD 204001


~~'OC"NO "V"__'"",,
~BOLT STUD-718S632

SPRING (RIVETED)--6131265'





Fig",.e 19.

Boll gro.l1p-ewptode!l 'l'Ww.


RA PD "204002

(6) Check the size of the fixing pin hole with the firing pill hole no go plug gage 5077203 (fig. 6) . If the gage enters the hole, the bolt is unserviceable.
Note. Unserviceable bolts having recoil plates which are serviceable (except for the enlargement of the firing pin hole) and serviceable bolts found to have oversized firing pin holes, should be sent to Rock Island Arsenal for recorking. Broken 01' otherwise unserviceable bolts IURY be disposed of local y.

(7) To determine if the face of the bolt is set back, place a mi-

crometer depth gage across the top of the lips of T slot and adjust the gage until it contacts the face of the bolt. This dimension should not exceed 0.126 inch. b. Fi1'ing Pin A88e!l1wly (fig. 19). (1) Examine the firing pin point to see that it is Dot broken, burred, or damaged. (2) Examine the fixing pin spring in the firing pin assembly to ascertain that it is strong and free and without rust or cracks.
Note. Free length of firing pin spring is 4V.~ inches. If the spring is damaged or short In free length, it must be replaced by a new one.

(3) Oheck the firing pin assembly for free movement in the bolt. (4) If either the point or the sear notch becomes damaged, the

firing pin should be replaced.
c. Ooc7ci~1g Lever. (1) Inspect the surfaces of the cocking lever to see that it is

free from burs. (2)" Inspectto see that the radius is smooth, and that the lever is neither bent nor broken.
fl. Sea?' Sj)'l'ing (Riveted).

(1) Examine the spring for cracks around the pin.
(2) See that the pin isfumly riveted in the spring.

(3) Thel'e should be no set in the spring.
e. Sea'!'.


(1.) Oheck the sear to see that it has not been damaged 01' deformed. (2) The ribs and slideways should be smooth and free from burs.
D'l'ivi'ng 82JI'ing Asse7nbly.

(1) Be sure that there is no set or kink in the driving spring. (2) Oheck for free length (13%6 in.). If the length varies more than one-half inch, replace with a new one. g. D?'iving Spring Rod. (1) Inspect driving spring collar and head £01' burs, and ascertain that head retains spring assembly firmly in place. (2) Inspect the driving spring rod for burs, and ascertain that it is straight. 4S


RA I'D 204003


E:XTRACTOR-7~ 88709


RAPD 204004

lJ'i(f1W6 21.

Erl!t.,tlct01" -ass6tnbty--'righl-h(l"N.(L

teed, mTangcml.1nl--e




h. Ewtt'actoT LJ.8861nbly. (1) Inspect for weak extractor cam plunger spring, broken or worn ejector (fig. 20), and loose extractor plunger pill 01' ejector pin (.fig, 21). (2) Examine the ejector and extmctor plunger (figs. 20 and 21) for burs. (3) Inspect the face of the ejector to see tha t it is free from burs and brass. Its contact outline should not be worn, (4) Inspect the ejector to see that the ejector pin is flush with extractor surface. "W11Bn assembled into the gun" its action should be free. (5) Examine the extractor to see that it is not bent and th at the ela w is l1 ot worn or burred,
44. Repair and Rebuild (Field and Depot Maintenance)

a. General. (1) The bolt must be free of sharp corners and burs on its varions operating surfaces. Maximum depth of the T slot is 0.126 inch; maximum depth of the T slot groove is 0.055 inch, (2) The firing pin hole in recoil plate must 110t permit the entrance of no go end of firing pill hole 110 go plug gage. 50't72D:l (par. 43a(6) and fig. 6). Visual elongation of the fil'jUg pin 11 le also consti tutes a basis or rej ecti 0)1. o (3) The recoil plate must be flush with the face of the bolt, and be sea ted firmly. (4) The firing pin protrusion must be within the limits given in paragraph 46 a or firing pin will be rejected. (5) The cocking lever must be straight, free of burs, and work smoothly in the bolt. The operating angular profile must be well-defined and free from wear. (6) The extractor 1l11.1St be free of burs and the cartridge engag· ing liP must not ha ve a feather edge. ('7) 'The stud on the end of extractor must not fit loosely ill the bolt. (8) The ejector must work smoothly and freely under tension of the ejector spring. (0) The ejector pill must be tight. (10) The extractor plunger spring must provide adequate tension on plunger. b. Renwvin.q a Oal'tridge FT(YlIJ., the T Slot. When it fired eal'tridge case hils been caught in the T slot it is generally caused by one of two faults: either the cartridge i-im is too thick or the T slot is defecti ve, In either case the enrtr idge 1111lst removed by d ].j ving be it from the T slot"

Caution: Be sure that the. firing pin is not protruding through the face of the bolt when t.he eartridge is driven off. It is best to remove the firing pin assembly from t.he bolt before this operation is performed. 45. Assembly


the bolt group as directed in TU 9-2012.

and install

46. Functional


a. Fi'i'iRtg PiJn. Inspect to see that firing p in protrudes through f~ of bolt between 0.0613 and 0.068 inch, llSil1g fixing pin protrusion gage 73HJ!)20 (£g. 13). b. Cocking LClJe1'. Lever should have a little pJay in the cocking insert in the top plate.

Section VI. LOCK FRAME GROUP 47. Removal and Disassembly
of the lock frame

For removal and disassembly structions given ill TIL 9-2012.

folJow in-


to see that all slots, holes, [mel guides are not and that side plates are not warped, Inspect the accelerator baifor Weill' and burs. a. A cc elera t01'. (1) Examine the accelerator (figs. 22 and 2a) 101' burred or worn surfaces,

48. Inspection a. Gui(le8. Inspect











RA PO 204005






t.oot« frame


moo" "N SP"NG--<lm"~tfT




RA PD 20d006

(2) Inspect the pin locking spring to see that it is functioning properly in the accelerator and breechblock pin, and is in its place in lock frame and accelerator. c. Trigger a'l1d 1'1'igge1' Pin Sprin.g. (1) Inspect the trigger (fig. 22.) for bends, breaks, and wear. Check t.he trigger nJinement in the lock frame. (2) Inspect the trigger pin spring (fig. 23) to see that it. is not kin ked or deformed and is function ing properly. d. Harrel Emtension. Pbnnger Sl)1'ing. (1) Inspect the barrel extension pl unger spri ng (fig. 23) to see Uiat it is not kinked or deformed. (2) Test tJ1B function of the barrel extension plunger and note the free length of the barrel plunger spring. If length of spring eli Hers by more than one-quarter of au i11Ch from 3.,5G inches, it should be replaced. 49. Repair and Rebuild (Field and Depot Maintenance] a.. \ccclera tor and breechblock pin assembly holes wi IIbe in proper alinement and free from W8iJ-t" affectil1g retention of pin. b. There must be JIO binding between accelerator claws and barrel.' extensions. c. Accelerator lugs will be free of deformation and wear affecting :ftillct ional parts. d. If lock frame is cracked 01" broken, it must be replaced. 50. Assembly and Installation Refer to TN! 9-2012 f01" instructions of the lock frame gl·OUp.
on t.heassembly [melinstallation

Section VII. BARRELAND BARREl EXTENS.IONGROUP 51. Removal and Disassembly Follow instruction in TU 9-2012 on removal and disassembly of bane 1 fl nd bane] extension grou P (fig. 24) .


UUYrn:DI-;' e~6'O



Inspection (1) Inspect the bane! (.fig, 24) as a whole from the standpoint of serviceability, Before inspecting the barrel, all metal and other Ioulil1p: must be removed and the barrel wiped dry, Accuracy of fire is the main point to consider when inspecting it barrel. Accuracy is reduced in varying degrees by bulges, erosion, and pits in the bore. The extent to which these defects 'will reduce aecurncy is determined by two methods; namely, visual inspection and bore-gaging, (~) For visual inspection, using ba rrel reflector 7265788 (figs, 9 ;l nd25), hold the barrel so that its interior is rllu mi nated an d examine the bore, If the barrel is not bent or otherwise deformed" if the bore appears free from bulges and large pits, and :i:f the lands are sharp and uniformly distinct, it is serviceable, providing it is in good condition otherwise. EXllmine the breech end of the bore. If the lands are W01"1I alva)' so that the first 6 01· 8 inches of the bore are smooth, the barrel j s unserviceable and should be scrapped, A bulge is indicated by a sha dowy depression or ring in the bore. It may often be detected also by a bulge or raised uing on the exterior surface. If the barrel is pitted to the extent that the sharpness of the lands is affected, or if it has a pit 01' pits ill the lands 01' grooves Jarge enough to permit passage of gas around the bullet (that is, a pit the width of a land or groove and threeeighths of an inch long or 1011ger), the barrel will be scrapped. Proper care and cleaning of the barrel as outlined in para" graph 18 will usually prevent such damage to the bore. (,3) Unlined barrels inspected and found servicea ble by visual test will be bore-gaged, using the breech bore gage 556434:3 (fig. 6), Insert the breech bore gage Into the breech ·end of the barrel; if the gage reads more tha.n 0.304:, the barrel is unserviceable and should be scrapped.

a, Barrei.

RA PD 20402~





RA PD 204008

(4) Lined barrels are inspected visually only I\S in (2) above. Lined barrels, which are unserviceable, should have their liners salvaged and shipped to Springfield Armory (b below). (\)) Unlined barrels rejected in (3) above will be used for function-firing purposes. b. Barrel Eetensio« Group (figs. 26 and 27). (1) Inspect for burred or worn surface; broken or missing pi n spring; WODl or burred accelerator and breech lock pin i worn threads ;a!ld weak, broken, or loose barrel lockiug spring.



(2) The barrel threads should make nil easy fit but Dot a loose fit with the barrel. (il) Test for undue looseness of the breech lock in its recess, and for cracks or flaws in the portion of the. barrel extension that supports the breech lock. (4) Visually inspect the breech lock for burs or damage. (5) In operation of the gun, the extractor assembly, in dropping to its lowest position, sometimes causes a but on the top of the left side of the barrel extension, and a similar bur is occasionally caused by the ejector Oil the right side. These burs should he carefully removed. (6) Inspect the stud on barrel extension for looseness of rrveting, (7) Check the pin loclting spring. 53. Repair and Rebuild (Field and Depot Maintenance) a. Barrel. (1) Ea ch gun must be equipped wi th a new barrel unless the condition 0:1' the old barrel approximates that of a new one. In this connection, used barrels must pass a visual inspection and the breech bore reading, using breech bore gage 5564343 (fig. 6), will not be in excess of 0.304 inch, (2) Barrels on hand and removed from guns receiving complete rebuild will be inspected I01" serviceability. 1:1' they are visually serviceable and have sharp and distinct lands, they should be bore-gaged, using breech hare gage 5564343 (fig. 6) and inspected :1'01' completeness, assembly, !I11cl workmanship. (3) Unlined barrels rejected will be used for function-firing purposes. b~ Sa7mage o.f SteZlite Linen. (1) Lined barrels rejected will be disposed of as described in (a) and (b) below. (a) Barrels willlle cut off 9 inches from the breech end, Cutting may be accomplished by any available means, such as shearing, cutting wheel, or cutting torch. The dimension, 9 inches, isapproximately 1 inch beyond the end of the liner to prevent squeezing the liner in the tube by shearing and/or welding the liner to the tube with the cutting torch. (b) The section containing the liner will be shipped to Springfield Armory :1'01' salvage of the Stellite liner. (2) An alternate method of removal 0.:1' the liner for those installations having adequate heating facilities is described in (a) through (el) below. (e) Heat barrel or barrel section with Stellite liner to 1,700<> to 1,800<> and hold for 1 hour at that temperature. F.
Nole. Priol· to salvage. barrels mny be em to SL1ch a length as reqtlil·ed for con venlence or handling or for lnsertlon in to furnace.


(b) (a)

Quench in water.

Container for water should be of a t least 5·gallon capncity.

Break barrel or burrel section cracked by quenching above) by j mpact and remove liner.


Note. Bane! Or barret section mllY ~e broken by dropping from a 11 eigll t of ,4 fee t or more onto a sultab Ie su dace sueh as a 12 X 12 X l·jncll steel plate, 'or S·lneh square steel bar: by holding muezle end and stl'iking breechend against an anvil ~01' by hitting . the section wi ill a sledge hammer

(d) Ship salvaged liner to Springfield Armory, c. Barrei Etctension: (1) The burrel extension must be free of sharp edges, (2) The barrel extension must have proper radii on bolt ways, breech lock cam W!bYS, and breech lock ways. (3) The breech lock must work freely, with a minimum of looseness in its slot. s(4) The upper forward beveled edges of the breech Jock must be free from wear and well defined. (5) The barrel locking spring must function to prevent rotation of the barrel during firing of the gUll. 54. Assemb'ly and Installation Refer to TM 9--2012 for instructions of barrel and barrel extension group. Section VIII. 55. a. sight front b. Disassembly

assembly and installation



of Casing Group

Oa8ing G7'OU-p. The casing group (fig. 28) consists of the rear gl'OUp, front sight group,. ca.sing assembly, retracting bar group, barrel bearing group, and covel' detent pawl group. Rear Sight GrQup. (1) Remove rear sight leaf assembly (figs. 29 and 30) from the top plate on casiJlg assembly as described in (a) and (b) below. (a) Remove staking over ends of rear sight windage knob pin and drift out pin (fig. 30). Remove rear sight windage knob, click plunger, and click plunger spring. (b) Unscrew rear sight windage screw from leaf and top plate. Lift out rear sight leaf assembly. (2) Disassemble rear sight led assembly as described in (a) through (d) below. (a) Remove staking find drive out rear sight elevating screw retaining pin (Bg. 30). (b) Withdraw rear sight elevating screw (fig. 30).



RA PD 204010



G a.si nil gTOOtp.

FiQ ... ·c 29.

Rear siuht (/1·01I1'.

(0) Remove rear sight slide from rear of leaf (fig. 30). (d) Remove rear sight elevating screw knob, click plunger, and click plunger spring (fig. 30).

c. F'1'011t ig/~t (houp. Remove front sight group by unscrewing front sight body screw (figs. 31 and 32). To disassemble fr011t sight group follow instructions given in TM 9-2012. d. Breech Lock Oa11t. Remove the breech lock cam (figs. 33 and 34) from the bottom plate in the casing assembly by unscrewing the breech lock cam screw (fig. 34). It will be necessary to exert pressure to unscrew this screw, as it has been staked on the inside or top side
of cam. .

e. Belt Holding Pawl (fig. 34). Withdraw the belt holding pawl pin assembly to the rear, holding the belt holding pawl depressed until the pill assembly has cleared its hole in the pawl. Withdraw the pin assembly from the bracket; then lift the pawl and belt holding pawl spring from the casing.

f. (/ct1'tridge Stol)8 (fig. 34). Withdraw the opposite belt holding pawl pin assembly to the rear. Lift out front and real' cartridge stops and link chute. g. Front Burrel Bearing. Using the barrel bearing plug wrench6147277 (fig. 9), unscrew front barrel bearing (fig. 35) in a counterclockwise dire tion, which at the same ime removes the front barrel bearirur lock band. The ban 1 may be released from the beating by






se'EWRea, ~il)/r I uroup·-eftlllorLed

RA PO 20<1012

"'iyl/,J'e :;0.


RA PO 204013
Figu.,'c 31, Front sight 0"0"'[1,

driving it off. If a flash hider .M6 assembly is u ed, use a wrench in grooves in side of Hash hider to unscrew the fill h hider. Drive ofl the staked front barrel lock band. . h. Barrel Jacket. Unscrew the flat-head screw hom the barrel jacket (fig. 35) and trunnion block. It will be necessary to exert pressure as this screw is staked to the jacket. Using a ring jet burner, heat the contact surfaces of the jacket and runnion block until the solder is liquid enough to release the jacket; then unscrew the jacket. i. Retracting Ba» Grm.]}. The front and rear retracting guides and spacers (figs. 36 and 37) are riveted to the right side plate of the gun. The retracting bar is retained in the slide guides by means of the retracting bar guide plunger, plunger spring, and plug, all assembled in the rear guide. The retracting bill' lock, lock plunger, and lock plunger spring are assembled in the rear guide and retained by the retracting bar lock retaining pin. . (1) To remove the retracting bar pull bar to rear, lifting it free of its holding notch, until it is clear of the guides. (2) To remove the .guide plunger, back the threaded plug part way out to relieve compression on he guide plunger spring.


Caution: Do not unscrew plug too far as it will fly onto Be careful that plunger and spring do not fly as they are under about 4 pounds pressure when a. sembled.

Ml .• ·'
, _



8CADE-""976 ADJUSTING INUT~8401975







0.063 X 0.390 DOWEL PIN--B40 1923


BODY SCREW_5013258

80DY -71 42261


RA PO 204014




FRONT CARTRIDGE 51'01'-7188693







RA PO 204016






RA PC 2040·15

FifJ,.,.e S5.

Ban·e! ja.ck.el !I'·Dup-erop!oded


a. ----to..>









RA PD 134609

l"'i_qu.ra SG.

SrdG plate


(:i) To remove lock, dri I'e 011[; he lock retaining pill as both (1]1\15 t >l 1'13 staked. Sli de the lock latera Ily from fhe rear p;uide,

beillg careful not to lose the lock pluuger and plunger spring. Detent Pftwl 01'OU p. To disassemble the cover detent pawl gTOli p (Jig. 38), fall 0".' the instrueti ens gi veu in TM 9-2012. U 513 cal. .30 cover detent pawl drift 8407288 (fig. 6) to remove the <1.0i8 x%. slll·in/.! pi II from the tru 11 II ion block ami covel"detent pnwl,



~ 1'1





0--- I



RA PD 204018

FiIl''''e 87.

ileal' ret1"(wl:i".ll bar g,·o,,'li.

56. inspection a. Oovec Latch. (1) Check the cover latch to make sure that its contact. surfaces are free of burs and that it holds the covel' securely. (2) Inspect the cover latch spring for breaks or cracks. Replace the spring if damaged. b. Rear Sight Gronp. (l) Inspect the sight as a wlrole to see tha t its retaining pins are peened and are holding. See that the windage screw bushing is firmly staked ill the top plate and does 110t turn.

(~) Check visihil: I'Y ,of muueru ls ami gl'adui\(-lolls nnd the windage scales. (;)

on rho siglil;

Check the movement of the s.ight slide; the sight slide should be movable hut firm. Check the clicks, (4) Check the reln ti ve vertical alinement of the sigIlt on the top plate. It should be: positioned at a. 90 angle,

1/16 X 1/2 COTTER PIN-137137 0.078 X 3/4 SPRING PIN-58S900

-I )

RA PO 204019

(5) Check the tension of the right spring by its holding nd-iOJ1 on the leaf. (6) Check the Iateml movement of th() sigJ-lt leaf by tUl'l1il1g the windage ndjnsting nut, Check the click plunger fo\' positive holding. (7) Check the hingad slwing action of the leaf with respect to the base.

c. Front Si:qht G'I'oup. (1) Check the front sight body for looseness on the trunnion block. . (2) Check the hinged action of the front sight post assembly. It should hold solidly when in the upward or folded position. (8) Check position of the front sight blade. It should be positioned in the center the post, with the high side to the rear. (4) Check all front sight pins for tightness. (5) Inspect the blade and the front sigh t blade adj usting nu t for looseness. (6) Check front plunger and front sight plunger spring for wear. (l. Ba1~'el Jaded G'I'oup. (1) Check the straightness of the jacket j.the barrel should insert without sticking or binding. (2) Check the barrel jacket for looseness on the trunnion block j no loose solder should be showing, and the fiat-head locking screw should be tight and staked. (3) Check the barrel hearing for excessive carbon deposits and cracks. The bearing should be holding securely to jacket, with locking band staked.' If a flash hider M6 assembly is used instead of barrel bearing, check the bearing surface on hider for cracksand excessive carbon deposits. (4) The barrel jackets of cal. .30 machine guns :NI3'?' (tank) must be held tight in place on the casing assembly by the setscrew. e. Casing Grot6l) Component». (1) Inspect the belt balding pawl, link chute, cartridge stops, and breech lock cam (fig. 34) to make sure that all are in place and are held securely. Inspect the breech lock cam for wear and burs. Test the spring action of the belt holding pawl spring for weakness, (2) Check belt holding pa wl brackets for looseness on casing. (3) Check the solidity of the top plate, bottom plate, trunnion block, cocking insert l110lU1tadapters, helt holding pawl brackets, extractcr cam, and extractor feed cam. (4) Make an overall check of holding rivets and slideways for solidity, smooth surface, burs, and cracks. (5) The bolt guideways should be checked for burs. (6) The hack plate guideways should be checked for burs, and the rear end of the casing for cracks near the hack plate guidewa.ys. (7) Inspect COVel' detent pawl group for operation of cover and spring action. Check components for burs on contacting surfaces. Also check: action of cover detent pawl springs.



57. Repair and Rebui!d e: CW3ing Gl'oup.

(Field and Depot Maintenance)

(1) The casing must be straight and free of excessive wear at the fcedway and other important functional points. Barrel jackets and side plates must not be distorted, cracked, 01" otherwise damaged. (2) ).;[axim lim diameter of fran t mount h1g hole is O.ijfl7 i11 ell. (3) Loose rivets will be tightened or replaced if necessary (pm. 20 d). Replaced rivets must present. n workmanlike ftppefl.l"~ nnce (DEPOT ::HAINTB~TA :reE ONLY). (4) Unserviceable casings, which cannot be repaired, will be reported for disposition instructions (after a sufficient quantit.y has nccumulnted) to Rock Islnnd Arsenal, Hoele Island, Illinois, ATTENTION: ORDBC-D. and rear cartridge stops will be tight and free of wear and distortion (DEPOT ){AIXTENA~CE ONLY). (el) Front sight body will be bf!lit ;\]111 free of distortion that C"i) Front would tend to a·ff·ectaccuracy.

(7) Cocking lever i IISllTt and operuti ng slot must be
the edges free of burs and sharpness.

Sill OQtl1 ,


b. Si_qllt Oroups.
(1) Rear sigh t com pOll en (".pn rts JlI ust not he distorted so as to j 11tel"f~,re w'i th fu notion illg. Grad 1U\ tion s m list be clear Iy defined by use of white gl"flciLlHtionfiller, speci ficntion ,,1.-70-1 A, whers 11ccessary, (2) The real." sight windage screw must be sldficiontly tighl. 1:.0 eli min ate chnrure of adjustment from vibrution during flyi IIg-. The 1I111Ximllll1 permissibleend play is 0.010 inch, (3) TIle front sight must. be in aliuement and free from distortiou, TIm blade should be fu-mly fustened ill plaee, ('I-) 'When th e fran t sigllt b Iade is Oil t of n1inemen t, p lace the gun 0]1 1,0(10inch 1"<\ !I ge, lin \" ill 1"' a t.n rget. linn keel 0 rr II" itil ft vertical Jill? 1 inch wide and 20 inches Ion!!. 1r.ith the sight set ;]1700 yards and windage at zero,'a Ii I\Cl gllJl all [lie center of the tnrget urul fire n burst of ] () rounds. 1:1: hots go to the riglit s of the Iine, depress front" sight vllllig-er and pl ullg-er spring, loosen the front sight blade udjustiua Hut, 1\11(1 tnp the front sight blade slightly ('0 tile right; if shots go to the left. of the line, the front sight blade should be hlpped to the left. Then tighlen the adjusting nut, reluy, reload, and lil·l~. Repent th is operation until proper nlinement is obtained. (5) The front sight must rn ise and lower without must not be loose. 66 binding, but

c. Bottom Plate Orou».
(1) Ge1w1'al. (a) The bottom plate 111l1st be litf'llight unrl tiO'lttly riveted. (0) The nmxinnnn diameter of real' Jno\lIlting 1101e is 0.445 inch. ((.) 'hf'ck inside width of bottom plate mounting' ears (fig. 39), using: bottom plate ears SlH1P and width gage 73199:..2 (Iigs. ti, :~!), and 411). If distance between ears is too narrow use adapter NU'S expander (;316037 (figs. 5,39 and cloD to spread the adapter ears apart. Check outside width with snap end of !!lli!;e 7!'1JD92:L (DEPOT MAINTE-




(:/u'd'iil{J 'i'''sid~ ',citlth




Ilreeol; locle calli. The breech lock cum S'I'CI\" must be drawn up tight, then loosened one-sixth to one-quarter turn from the tight position and staked on the inside of the casing in two I laces a ljuceut to the clearances that are provided in the breech Jock emu. There win be n perceptible float. d. Ba1"1Y!,Z Jacket ONl1p. (1) The barrel jackets will 110t. be bent to the exten of hinding the barrel in front barrel bearing. (2) In S0111e cases, the barrel may becom loose on the trunnion block and allow excessive barrel wlu p, witb a 1'e'ul ing Ul1(2) 67

controlled dispersion of j11-(>. 'When!t condition of this' type is encouutered, it may be corrected ill the manner described ill (a) through (6) below. (al Disnssernble 1:11" gun and then remove the lm.l"I"cljacket from HHI g111l and file a small amount of metal from the rear end of t.he jacket -. •( b) Assemble the jacket to the gun and tighten ap:n inst !l1l'l trunnion block. ((') Mark the new posinon for th~ h:\I'I'p1 j,1t"kpi', l()d(ill~ screw hole.

(d) (e)

Drill, tap, and countersink i\ lH3W hole for the fin t-hsad screw. Sweat-solder the barrel j acket an dtrunnion block together. He-tap the screw hole, screw in flat-head screw, and stake

in place. 58. Assembly a. Real'Siultt

(1) Replace the rear sight windage scale so tha.t its readings are facing to the rear; then screw ill the two rear sight windage screws,

(2) Place the rea,' sight top plate spring into the rear top plutc. See that it fits securely. (3) Match the rear sight slide with the rear sight leaf and hold in position. Insert the rear sight elevating screw ill the lear and screw into the slide. Insert the elevating screw knob click plunger spring (compression, 0.04.0 OD, 5 coils) and rear sight elevating knob plunger in the leaf, and slip the rear sight elevating screw lmob on the shank of the screw. Aline the knob pin holes 'with the hole in the shank, insert the rear sight elevatmg knob pin .(stght, sq-ends, 0.0512 x 0.37), and pMll the knob over the pin, both sides. Insert the rear sight elevating screw retaining pin (stght, sq-ends, 0.0512 x 0.200) in the face of the leaf, and peen. (4) Place the rear sight leaf assembly in position on the top p1ate spring with numerals facing rearward, and insert the rsnr sight windage screw from the left through the hole ill the top plate and screw .windage screw through the sight leaf assembly until it protrudes from the opposite side of top plate. Lnsert the windage click plunger spring (compression, 0.118 OD, 1072 coils) and windage dick plunger into the windage screw knob, and press the knob on the windage screw until the pin holes aline. Drive in the rear sight windage knob pin (stght, sq-ends, 0.0635 x 'o/J Q) and neen. b. F1'ont Bight Group. Refer to TU 9-2012 fox assembly instructions for front sight g1·0l1p. c. Breech. Lock Cam. Place breech lock cam 011 the bottom plate so that the high side faces forward, making sure that it is properly seated. Insert the breech lock cam screw through the bottom of the bottom plate, tighten, then loosen one-sixth to one-qtl 11 rter turn, Then stake the screw at two places on the inside of bottom plate ndjacent to' the slots provided in breech lock cam. d. Belt Holding Pa'wl. Start the belt holding pawl pin assembly into the holes in belt holding pawl bracket. Place the belt holding pawl spi'iug compression, 0.15 OD, 13 coils in the well and the belt holdiIlg pawl in its position with the thin end down and the spring well immediately over the spring; depress the pawl till pill 110 les n.line, and drive belt holding paw Ipill assemb ly h0111e. G. Borrel Jaoket: Assemble the barrel jacket, if it hns been disassembled, by applying heat to both the trunnion block and the end of the jacket. Apply solder, and screw on the jacket until the retaining screw hole in the jacket alines with the hole in the trunnion block. Tap and countersink hole for No. 10 x 14. fiat-head screw in jacket. Screw in the flat-head screw and :5.leoff excess solder. f. Front Ba1'TelBem'ing, Look Bawl, and Flash: Hide1' 1116 A88M11rbl,y. Assemble the front barrel bearing lock band to the front barrel 69

bearing, screw the barrel bearing into the barrel jacket until tight, then stake bearing lock band to bearing and crimp to jacke. If flash hider M6 assembly is used screw the hider assembly into the barrel jacket, using a crescent wrench on the grooves on sides of hider to tighten and crimp the front barrel lock band at crimping slot on jacket. g. Ret1'acting Guide. (1) Place the guide plunger spring (compres ion 0.175 OD 12 coils) in the guide plunger, and the plunger in the hole in the rear guide. (2) Place the guide plunger plug on the plunger spring and pres ' down and turn until the threads catch. Toke care that the plug does not fly out dlll'ing assembly, as the spring exerts about 4 pounds pressure when assembled. (3) Screw in the plug flush with the top of the hole in the guide. (4) Place the retracting bar lock plunger pring (compression, 0.15 OD, coils) in the lock plunger, and insert in the well on the rear guide. Depressing the plunger against the plunger spring, replace the retracting bar leeksud install the retracting bar lock retaining pin (stght, sq-ends, 0.0625 x 0.906). Stake both ends of the pin. h, Oooe» Detent G?·oup. (1) Place the springs in the well in the detent pawl and insert the pawl in the seat in the trunnion block, compress the spring, install the 0.078 x % spring pin through hole in trunnion and groove ill pawl. (2) Place cover in open position a about a 45 angle. (3) Aline bol holes and push the cover pin through; insert the ¥Is x l;1! cotter pin, and spread the prongs. (4) Test the action of the detent pawl by raising the cover.

59. Checking Head Space

The head space of a military weapon, with the cartridge fully seated in the chamber, is the distance between the base of the cartridge and the face of the bolt. The head space is correct when the breech lock rides smoothly up the breech lock cam into the :fully locked position, making positive contact with the forward wall of the breech lock recess and the forward end of the bolt positioned against the rear end of the barrel.
60. Adjusting Head Space

a. In the cal. .30 mach ine gun M37 (tank), head space is adj listed by obtaining the propel' distance between the forward part of the bolt and real' Mel of barrel. Guns should be fully assembled when adjusting head space. D_ To adjust head spa,ce,follow instructions ill TM 9-2012.


61. General a. Final acceptance for materiel repaired in maintenance shops for return to user depends largely upon the care exercised during rep ail' procedures. It is therefore important that the in-process inspections in chapter 4 be carefully performed during repair. b. Materiel turned ill for repair may be assumed to have defects caused by use or neglect. Inspection after repair is directed to wearing surfaces, parts that might cruck or break due to high stress or fatigue, and evidence of C01"1"osio11. The defects do not evidence them" selves by uniform reduction in a gi 11 en dimension but show up as a chipped edge, a partially worn surface, or an eccentric hole.

62. Specific InspeclionProcedu.res
Inspection of the cal. .. 0 machine gun M37 (tank) will include the 3 following : a. A thorough check of the visual appearance of the weapon. b. A check for proper applicatdou of all modification work orders nnd the presence of pertinent completed forms (App, par. 3). c. A check of the operation of the weapon, paying particular attention to required parts. d. An examination to inSL1l"S proper lubrication (par. 19) .. e. A function-firing test of the gun if a new or repaired barrel has been installed (par. 28) . f. Application of pertinent field maintenance inspection procedures listed in table II (par, 13). 63. Inspection of Weapons To Accompany Troops Oversea (J,. General. Standards for mnchine gun materiel apply only to materiel in the hands of troops alerted for oversea duty. Serviceable materiel will be inspected in accordance with standards set forth in this section. b. Inspection Standards. Inspectors will determine the deficiencies mcist common to materiel being inspected and will make an extensive

searoli of the materiel for any symptoms desigmting those failures. Those weapons clns iified.as serviceable will be checked as "satisfactorv for over 'ea . hipm nt" or "unsatisfactory for oversea shipm en t" ill accordance with. SI ecifications listed in paragraph 62. (1) Materiel will not be considered un uitable £01' oversea use becau e f lack of modification unle s such modification affects the safety of personnel; is essential to functioning of the mn eriel ; 01' is prescribed by an URGENT Department. of .11(' Army modification work order (~fWO). RRD130HDRRED ,\Val' Department modification work onlers that are still in effect will be considered as urgent rnodification work orders. (2) Newly manufactured and issued materiel, which has been inspected find accepted in accordance with Department of the '\.. rny specifications, are not to be rejected except for wellr grounded reasons. All such 'ejections will be reporte I immediately to higher authority. il isfa tory metal finishes f r weapons range from dense black to medium light gray. ertain weapons are manufuctur d with an unusual shade of neutral gray finish. Since this finish (gray zinc phosphate) is an accepted Department of the Army standard, these weapons will not be rejected by in pector or troops for Uris condition. Rigid restrictions on sh iny metal surfaces wi 11 not be carried to an extreme. Awol'll surface is objectionable from the standpoint of visi .. bility 'when it is capable of reflecting light, somewhat as a mirror docs. No weapon will be rejected for oversea use unless exterior parts have a eli. tinct shine. Bright real' ight will not be peru i ted on weapon for versea \I".. heck to ee that all rear sight. have a dull black 01' gray finish on all surfaces. (4) Light I ittirur of barrel, even though plainly visible, is 110t cause for rejecting a weapon. It does not affect the accuracy materially, but is a disadvantage because it interferes with subsequent cleanings. A barrel that is uniformly pitted out with the edges of the lands sharp is acceptable, provided the breech bore reading of the barrel is satu factory. Only those barrels showing developed pits, or pit cutting into the lands, are unsatisfactory. (5) 1..00 ene and ploy in such components a sights, covers, back plates bolt, (lad adap Ot'S may be cause for rejection. In many cases, hows Vel', th importance of such defects is ex .. aggerntet1. Looseness and play must be considerable to !.fIeet the accuracy of a weapon beyond its natural dispersion. All. weapon . must have play be ween working C()111POIICllts to

permit them to operate ill Iocalities where und and dust are prevalent. A weapon may be completely useless if its working parts are fitted with insufficient clearance. (6) Minor defects in metal components do not normally affect their being acceptable. Scratches nnd toclmarks 0)1 barrels are ordinarily of no importance. c. Inspection of G~m8. Inspection standards for specific weapOll' must be observed during inspection of materiel in the hands of troop, alerted for over a duty. COl]. 30 machine glln i\f37 (tank) will be . inspected as follow : (1) Pedorm all pertinent inspection checks outlined in b above, (2,) Cheek breech bore dimension, using breech bore gage 556434::1 (fig. 6). Reading must not be greater thanO.304 in -h. If it exceeds this figure, the barrel must be retained in the zone of interior and used for training purpose. onlv in accordnn e with existing regulations.
Note. The ordnance for clleel,ing barrels. officeI' wut turntsh breech bOH) gage iJ51H343

(3) Check side plate for crack 01' deformation at slot. fur back plate. (,I.) Check belt feed covel' assembly and barrel jacket to see that they are not excessively loose in the trunnion block. Section II. RETURN TO STOCK 64. General

inspection for return to stock requires that the rebuilt weapons win approximate new materiel. Materiel, which has been rebuilt, contains mall)' used parts that 111ay function correctly for a gi.vBJ1P riod. Even if the dimension of such parts are worn considerably below 1)6W part tolerance functioning and interchange.ibility will n t be adversely a:ffeded and the part ar consequently acceptable. Consequeutlv the inspection of )11<1 eriel after rebuild will differ from the inspection procedure used ill the manufacturing plant in thut attention will be directed to we!1l'ing surface , parts that might crack 01' break due to l)igh stress 01' fatigue, and evidence ('onOSiO}1. These defects do not evidence themselves by uniform reduction in a ~iven dimension but show up as a chippe l edce a partially worn surface, or an eccentric J101e. b. A gage used in manufacturing is a means of comparing an unknown dimension with It 1mO\\'11 one to judge whether a part comes within requirements of drawiusrs and specifications. After a part is worn through use, the change ill dimension is more easily detected in many cases by comparing with adjacent surfaces. Vi ual inspection, therefore, is far more applicable 'ill these cases find gaging is limited

a. Final



to those dimensions th(Lt are critical and that may be advantageously measured rather than compared. Inspection of noncritical parts is limited to 'appearance and the presence of cracks or flaws. Toleran es :1'01' noncritical parts are for manufacturing purpose only and for insuring interchangeability, and are not to be used in final inspection for rebuild. 65. Specific Procedures a. .A careful check of in-process inspection procedures must be made during repair and/or rebuild, as provided in chapter 4:, since final acceptance of the assembled weapon depends largely upon the care exercised in process. b. This phase of inspection must be coordinated, in Sofar as possible, with the rebuild standards given in table II (par. IS) . Weapons not up to standards will be reprocessed and reinspected. c. Upon completion of the inspection, guns will be properly cleaned (par. 18) and lubricated (par. 19) and the correct rust-preventive applied before being boxed. d. All guns will be function-fired as specified in paragraph 28 before storage. 66. Coil Spring Standards .All coil springs will be replaced with new springs during the repair or rebuild of the materiel described in this manual. New spring standards are listed in table V.

Tab!e V.


Spring St(milan~8
Number 0011,




height (ln.)

Moon asse mblod

Load et moan . =<mbled bcil;ht (Ib)

cperattug height (IJl.)


Loud al millimum o"""'til>g
hOlght ()b)

AdjUBting screw plunger Back plate latch Back plate latch lock Barrel extension plunger Belt feed lever Belt feed pawl; Belt holding pawl; Cover detent pawl; Driving Ejector__________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ Elevating screw knob Extractor plunger .. ..______ Firing pin; _ _____________ __ _ Front sight body Front sight post plunger Retracting bar guide plunger Retracting bar lock plungcr, Trigger pln , _____ _ ____________ ___ Trigger safety _________________________________ Windage click plunger

5135053 7188658 7188669 5135057 5135296 5135297 6147225 8407222 1191544 5135303 5163397 5135305 6147229 5156882 8401977 5020541 7188657 6147231 7188668 5013154

18 10 4 24 8 6 '13· 13 58 6 5 9}f 50 15 14

8 4 13 10%

O. 700 O.655 O. 2-81 1. 85 O. 3125 O. 406 O. 500 0.735 8. 900 0.23 O. 106 0.420 2. 46 0.593 O. 407 0.508 0.281 O.242 0.531 0.25

3. 7±0. 4_______ 4. 24±0. 42 _____ 1. 21l±0. 13_____ 13.9±L _______ 5. 5± L ________ 4.25 ± 0.75 _____ 3.25 ± 0.50 _____ 10±0.8 ________ 11.4 ___________ 16. 0 ± 2 ________ 2±0.5 _________ 3. 25±0. 5______ 15.5 ___________ 9.75 ___________ 1. OO±O. 08 _____ 4..3±0. 4. ______ 2. 50±0. 25 _____ 2± L __________ O. 98±0. 08 _____ 2±0.56 ________

0.669 0.405 O. 151 1. 222 O. 220 0.190 o. 360 0. 687 4.454 O. 171 0.093 O. 303 2.376 0.527 0.312 0.383 0.250 O.135 0.343 0.206

4. 6±0. 4 12± 1. 2 7. OO±O. 70 19. ±1 8. 7±1. 5 8. 4±1. 5 6. 75 ±O. 50 12,± 1. a 20.5 26. 00±4. 5 2. 68±0. 50 4. 6±0. 7 16.20 11. 33 2. 95±0. 25 R 6±0. 8 3. 70±0. 37

---------------2.07±0.16 2. 67±0. 75




1. Publication Indexes Special regu] ations in the ;:llO-20 series: DA Parns 108- , 310-a and 31 -4; and FU 21- should be consulted frequently for latest hanges or revision of references gi ven ill this appendix and for new publications relnting to materiel covered in this manual
2. Supply Manuals

The following manuals of the Department of the Army Supply Ma.n· ual pertain to this materiel: a, Destruction: to Preoent Encm.y Use.

R, Armnunitton Land MiJJCS [\Il(\ Components; Damollttou ExP1Qsives llnd Related ttems : and Ammuultton for Sim\lla ted Artillery, Booby 'TntI', lfam] Gnlllllde, and Land ~Iine Fil'e onD a SNL H-7

b, General.
Introductlon and Index"



c. Repai7' and Rebuild,
Group J{ Oleanel'S, Pl'e ervatrves, Lubr'icunts, Recoil Plutds, Special Oils, and Related Mllinteuunc ~iatel'ia1s onD 3 SNL J,-l Item' of Solclering, .J. talllzing, Braxlng, aud WeldbJg Mate"j· al , Gases nne! Related I terns onD 3 SNL K-:! Luln-teattng .l!:quipmellt, Accessories and Related Dispensers __ OUD (*) SNL K..;! Lubrtcatlng l"ittlllgS, Oil Filters, and Oil n'ilter Elements ORO 5 SNL H-l\l ~liscellilneous Ha rdwure onD;; SNLll-:! suop Set, Small Arms, Field :iHnintemmce ORD 6 S~"L J-8, Sec Co SI' cial Tool Sets for Small Arms and Automatic Weapons ( NL Croups A and B) ORD 6 SNL J-J2 Staudard Hardware onD {) SNJ.. B.-l Tool let, Armorers' (iUOS 0511) enn 6 S:NL J-10, Sec, 1 Tool Set, Small Arms Repalrman (Ordnance) (MOS 0903) ORD 6 SNL .1-JO, Sec, 2

(l. Weapon,
Gun, UacItlne, Oal. ,30, ~I37 ('I'I\llk) ORD (oJ SNI, .6.-89
*. ee SR 310-:20-29, rndex of Supply MAnuals-Ordnance Corps, rot"published t:n)('1ol of mununrs of tho Ordnn ncc seceton of' the Depnr-tmen t of the Arm.y Supply Mo.nuaJ,


3. Forms
The following forms are applicable to this materiel: DA Form 9-71, Locator and Inventory Control Card ])A Form 9-72, Ordnance Stock Record Card DA Form 9-77, Job Order Register DA Form 9-78, Job Order DA Form 9-79, Parts Requisition DA. Form 9-80, Job Order File DA Form 9-81, Exohange Part of Unit Identification Dl\. Form 446, Property Issue Slip DA Form 447, Property Turn-in Slip DA Form 468, Unsatisfactory Equipment Report DA Form 811, Work Request and Job Order DA Form 811-1, Work Request and Hand Receipt DA Form 828, Job Time Ticket----Individual DA Form 829, Rejection Memorandum DA Form 865, Work Order DA Form 866, Consolidation of Parts DA Form 867, St.<ttus of Modification Work Order DDForm 6, Report of Damaged or Improper Shipment.


4. Other

information perti-

The following explanatory publications contain nent to this materiel and associated equipment:

a. Oamouflage.
Oamouflage, Basic .Prjnciples __~ Oamounage of Jndlv iduals aud lufantry EM 5-20 Weapons
F\\f 5-20A.

b. Decontamination.
Decoutamiuatton Defense Against 'l'M S-22{1
CBR Attack; Fl\f 21-40

c. Destruction to Prevent Enemy Use.
Explosives aoel Delllolttlons Ordnance Service in the Field FM 5-25
FM 9-5

d. Gene'l'(l.l.
Inspection of Ordnance Materiel ill the Hands of Troops f;n:fety: Accident Reporting Supplies nod Equipment; Unsatisfactory (Reports Control Symbol CSGLD-2-47 Equil}lllent ReporL

TM 9-1100 SR 385-1(1.-40 SR 70Q-45-{i

e. Repail'



Abrasive, Oleantng, Preserving, Sealing, Adhesive, and Relnted lI'Iaterials Issued for Ordnance MaterieL_. TM 9-850 Justruction Gulde : Weldi.lIg Theory and Application TM 9-2852r.nurtca tion TM 9-ZS85 ~1ail1te!l.aDCeSoppJles anrl EquipOlellt; and Shop Operation Painting InstructloDS for Fielel Use Maintenance Responalbilltl es AR 75o.-ti 'I'M 9-2851


f. Shipment and Limite(t Storaqe.
AI·my Shipping DocumenL~_~


TM 38-705

Long' Term Storage, Maintenance, D !1(1 Care and Preservation in Stor· age of Smllil AI·lJ.lS lI1atel·ieL ~ ~__ BR 748-110-1 Instructton Guide: Ordnance Preservation, Packaging, Packing, 'S1o!'· age and Sblpp!ng 1.'M 9-1005 .I\inrklng and Pacldng of 'supplies and. Equipment:
Supply ~

JI1llrldng' of Oversea

SR 741}-30-(i

Ordnance Storage and Shipment Chart=-Gronp A TB O-OSS.C-A Preparntion of Ordnance Maleriel for Deep Wuter Fording TNf 9-2853 Preservation, Packaging, and rne:nt_________________________ Packing of Military Supplies and Equip- 'I'M 38-230 Processlng of '>lotol" Vehicles lind Reillted Unboxad lVlateriel ror Shtpment arid StOl"lIge ~ ~
PI' oteetion
0 fOr



du anee Gen e 1'3 I S 11pp li es in Open Storage_ _______ TE 0 RD 379

Silipment of Suppplies proper Shipment.,

and Equipment:

n~I1<>I't of Dnmug-ed CIt· Im-



SUUldorc1s [or Oversea Shipment and Dcruestic Issue of 0 ,~lnauce Material Other ~l'llan A1DllHlllition and Anll), Airc,.aft TB ono 8313 Supplies and Eql1.1pmen.t-~lotor Vehlcles AR 700-103

g. Wl>apons.
Fundamentals of Small Arms TM 9-2"203

Small Arms, MaterIel, and Assoctated EqlllpmenL

'I'M 9-2200



Accidents, field report of Allocation of maintenance Authorized form -- - -

_ _
- - ---- 0 --------_

2 3b

4 4

4 37 36 31 31 36 3G

Back plate group: Assembly Disassembly Inspection Installation Hemcval , Repair and rebuild Barrel and barrel extension group' Assembly and insta.llatiOll Inspection Removal and disassembly Repair and rebuild Bolt group: Assembly and installation Functional check. InspecMon Removal and disassembly Repair and rebuild Burs, removal of Carbon and rust, removal of. Casing group: Assembly __ . Disassembly Inspectioll Repair and rebuild. cleaning • • .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ • _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . _ _

36 33 34 37 32 35 54 52 51 53 45 46 43 42

51 52 53 48 48 42 42 47 32 31 68 54 63 66 29 39 39 39 39 7 5


22 21 58



Cover group: Assembly and installation InspectioD Removal and disassembly Repair and rebuild Data, tabulated Description of weapon Equipment

41 39 38 40


(See Tool and equipment.)

Field and depot maintenance tenance.) Finish of metals Flow chart. •


(SeG Allocation,

main.• _ _ 23 30 32 33



FornlS~ Function-firing Functioning of safeties .. _ . __ . __ .-


~ . __ . . . ..

_ _ _ . __ __



2i 60 59

4 33 33 70 70

Hearl space'

AdjustIng Checking___


Inspection (technical): Categories: Final., In-process Overall;

_ . _ . .. _ _ _

12c l2a l2"

19 19

Pre-ernh ..rkatton., _

Final: Return Return Inspection Materlal ,


_ _
_ 1I) ...... _



71 19

to stock
to user guide (table

13b 14

10 hands of troops _ Received in ordnance shop" _ Pre-embarkation (materiel lor oversea movement) ..




_ _
_ _

13a 11


19 18

Scope Troubleshooting (S se also specific (table III) "" _

10 150

18 27

• _ .. __ _ _

Lock frame group:
Assembly Inspection

and installation


Removal and disessembly Repair and rebuild

4!l 19

Marking of rebuild Metals, finish of

_ weapons • _

50 48 4450

31 33 32 34


Operations route sheet (tnble IV) Parts, maintenance RebuUt weapons, marking
Records Removal : of burs of excessive of damaged and rebuild: methods • carbon and rust

_ _




_ _ ' _


Removal Repair Repair

29 3 2Z



and polished surfaces



32 31 32 211 31

Gen ral;




Return to stock,



also specific ite",".) (S ee Final tnspection.) to user. (See Final inspectiou.) (table V) _ _ (>6 25 H 32

Springs: Coil spring standards Maintenance


Tables: Coil spring standards (table V) "" Iuapeeticn guide for cal. .30 maehine (table II)



" _" _ gun M37 (tank) _

66 lab
31 9 lSc 5

19 34 8

Operation route sheet for cal .. 30 machine gun Ma7 (tank) (table IV) "• "" _ Special tools and equipment (table 1) Troubleshooting Tabulated data for field and depot maintenance
" " _

(table III)_ __________ .



_ _ .

'7 g

Tools and equipment: Common Special (table 1) • __• 'I'roubleshootiug (table III)_. U,,"atj~factor.Y equipment
rAG '172.5 (17 Dec 54) I

• • . •

• .

•. _ _ _

9 15



5 81








ill ajor General, United States Army, The Adjutant General.


M. B. RIDGWAY, General, United States Arms), Ohief of Staf],

AeUve A,.rny: Tee Sve, DA (1) Ord Ed (2) AFF (3) Army AA Comd (2) OS Maj Comd (5) OS Ease Oomd (2) Log Cornd (3) MDW (1) Armies (3) Oorps (2) Div (2) Ord Gp (2) Ord En (2) Ord 00 (2) Ft & Op (2) Gell & HI' Svc Seh (2) 01'<1 Seh (50) I'MST Orc! ROTO units (1) Gen Depots (2) Ord Sec, Gen Depots (10) 01'(1 Depots (10) POE (2) OS Sup Agencies (1) Ord PG (10)

Ord Arsenals (10) Mil Dist (1) Ord Proe Dist (10) MAAG (1) Mil Msn (1) Units organized under the following TOE's: 9-12A, Hq <\< Hq 00, Maint & Snp Gp, Ammo (1) 9-17, Ammo Co, Army (1) 9-45A, Sp Wpns Spt or Depot En (1) 9-46A, Hq & Hq Det, Sp Wpns Spt or Depot En (1) 9-47A, Sp Wpns Spt or Depot 00 (1) 9-49, Sp Wpns Dir Spt 00

9-57A, Fld Snp Co (1) 9-227, GM Dir Spt 00 (1) 9-347, Ord Tire Rebuild 00

0-367, Sup Depot 00 (1) 9-387, Ammo Depot 00 (1)

;-VO,' Rame as Active Army except allowance is one copy for each unit. USA It: None. 1JnieRR otherwise noted, dtstrlhntion applies to OonUS and overseas. For explanation of abbrevinttons used, see SR 320-50-1.



T cs ....




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