American Period

American Influences can still be seen in the country's system of education, literature, art, architecture, science, industry, home, food, clothes, religion, pastimes, music and dances. Filipinos took education seriously which resulted to the high social status of some Filipinos. The Filipinos learned how to read, speak and write English in a short matter of time. The free exchange of goods between the United Stated and the Philippines ended when the U.S. Congress approved the Tydings-Mcduffie Law. Through the Homestead Act, the right to own any civil land up to 24 hectares was given to any Filipino. The Protestant religion was accepted by the Filipinos. The social status of Filipino Women during the American period. They were allowed to participate in politics, to work in the government, and to pursue their studies in college. Matters like health and cleanliness were improved. Transportation and communication in the Philippines were developed.

The influence of the American culture brought about good and bad aspects to the Philippines. Many roads and bridges were constructed. New technologies were introduced to the country. These technologies helped the Philippines' industries and agriculture. All these developments were made for the convenience of the Americans in the Philippines most especially the businessmen. Philippine people might have enjoyed some benefits but they were not the real reasons why such developments were made. The rules that had been imposed by the Americans to the Filipinos in relation to health and education also had negative effects. The Americans imposed these rules to achieve their main objective, which is to colonize and use the country and its people. Education was the most useful means or ways in pursuing a peaceful relationship with the Filipinos. Through education, the Americans influenced the Filipinos in terms of the way they eat, to love the American culture and most of all, to prioritize American products.

If the Spaniards used religion as an excuse to capture Filipino's hearts and minds, the Americans poisoned our way of thinking through education. Because of these, the Filipino have neglected and set aside their own culture and their own identity.

Summary of the American Colonial Period
The rule of the United States over the Philippines had two phases. The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. Political organizations developed quickly, and the popularly elected Philippine Assembly (lower house) and the U.S.appointed Philippine Commission (upper house) served as a bicameral legislature. The ilustrados formed the Federalista Party, but their statehood platform had limited appeal. In 1905 the party was renamed the National Progressive Party and took up a platform of independence. The Nacionalista Party was formed in 1907 and dominated Filipino politics until after World War II. Its leaders were not ilustrados. Despite their ³immediate independence´ platform, the party leaders participated in a

The Allied leaders wanted to purge officials who collaborated with the Japanese during the war and to deny them the right to vote in the first postwar elections. Manual Roxas. Tokyo set up an ostensibly independent republic. and the United States also continued to maintain control of 23 military installations. . training. The successful Liberal Party presidential candidate. and Manuel Quezon was elected president of the commonwealth. and the islands suffered from rampant inflation and shortages of food and other goods. however. countered that each case should be tried on its own merits. who were supported by the Socialist Party and the Communist Party of the Philippines. and the Japanese surrendered on September 2. Allied forces invaded the Philippines in October 1944. and occupied Manila on January 2. and Roxas was sworn in as the first president. A bilateral treaty was signed in March 1947 by which the United States continued to provide military aid. Various trade and security issues with the United States also remained to be settled before Independence Day. The country¶s first constitution was framed in 1934 and overwhelmingly approved by plebiscite in 1935. Quezon later died in exile in 1944 and was succeeded by Vice President Sergio Osmeña. Independence from the United States came on July 4.S. which was opposed by underground and guerrilla activity that eventually reached large-scale proportions.collaborative leadership with the United States. The second period of United States rule²from 1936 to 1946²was characterized by the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and occupation by Japan during World War II. or People¶s Anti-Japanese Army). 1941. and matériel. World War II was demoralizing for the Philippines. 1945. Japan attacked the Philippines on December 8. A major element of the resistance in the Central Luzon area was furnished by the Huks (short for Hukbalahap. A major development emerging in the post-World War I period was resistance to elite control of the land by tenant farmers.S. Commonwealth President Osmeña. 1946. markets. 1942. The economy remained highly dependent on U. Congress in 1934 provided for a 10-year period of transition to independence. Tenant strikes and occasional violence occurred as the Great Depression wore on and cash-crop prices collapsed. was among those collaborationists. Legislation passed by the U.

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