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Criterion between the Allies of the Merciful and the allies of the Devil

Criterion between the Allies of the Merciful and the allies of the Devil

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The Criterion Between The Allies Of the Merciful & The Allies Of the Devil by Ibn Taymiyya translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan.
The Criterion Between The Allies Of the Merciful & The Allies Of the Devil by Ibn Taymiyya translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan.

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Published by: Jason Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaal) on Nov 03, 2008
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01/08/2012

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All praise is to Allah. We seek His aid, ask Him for guidance, and ask His forgiveness. We
seek refuge in Allah from the evil which is in ourselves, and the wicked of our actions.
Whoever Allah guides none can send astray, and whoever Allah sends astray, none can
guide. We testify that there is no deity except Allah, alone and with no partner. And, we
testify that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. He sent him with the guidance and the
way of truth so that He (i.e. Allah) might make it predominate over all other ways, and
Allah is sufficient as a witness. He sent him preceding the Hour (qiyama), as a bringer of
good tidings, a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission, and as a beacon light. He
(Allah) guided with it those who had been lost, and gave sight to those who had been
blind, gave uprightness and order to those who had been following unbridled impulse, He
opened unseeing eyes, deaf ears, and sealed hearts. With it, He established the criterion
for distinguishing truth from falsehood, guidance from going astray, uprightness from
following of whims, the believers from the disbelievers, the joyous people of paradise and
the miserable people of the fire, and the allies of Allah from His enemies. Whoever the
Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) has attested to as being among the allies of Allah,
are the awliyaa' (friends or allies) of the Merciful, and whoever the Prophet has described
as being among the enemies of Allah, are indeed among the enemies of Allah, and are
among the awliyaa' of the shaitaan (devil).

Allah has explained in His Book, and in the Sunnah of His Prophet that He has awliyaa'
among the people and that shaitaan also has his awliyaa', and He has differentiated
between these two types of awliyaa'. Allah said:

“Indeed, there is no fear upon the awliyaa' of Allah, nor shall they grieve,
those who believe and are ever pious in their actions. To them are glad
tidings in this life and in the hereafter. There is no changing the words of
Allah. That, then, is the great success.” (Qur'an Yunus 10:62-64)

“Allah is the protector (ally) of those who believe, He takes them out of the
darknesses into the light. As for the disbelievers, their allies are the taaghoot
who take them out of the light and into the darknesses. Those are the people
of the fire, and they will be in it forever.” (Qur'an al-Baqarah 2:257)

The Criterion Between Allies of the Merciful & The Allies of the Devil - 2

Translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan

“O, you who believe, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They
are allies of each other. Whoever among you puts his allegiance with them, is
certainly one of them. Allah does not guide a people who oppress. And so,
you see those in whose heart is sickness rushing to (make alliances with)
them, saying: "We fear being caught in some unfortunate turn of events".
Perhaps Allah will bring victory, or something from Him, such that they come
to regret that which they hid within themselves. And the believers (will) say:
"Are these the ones who swore their strongest oaths that they were with
you?" Their works have been invalidated, and they have ended up in complete
loss. O, you who believe, whosoever among you turns back from his way
(Islam) Allah will surely bring another people whom He loves and who love
Him. (They will be) humble and merciful with the believers, strong and firm
with the disbelievers; they fight in the path of Allah, and do not fear the
blame of those who blame. This is the grace of Allah, and He gives it to whom
He wishes, and Allah is encompassing, knowing of all things. Verily, your
(true) ally is Allah, His Prophet, and those who believe; those who establish
the prayer, pay the zakat, and bow in prayer. Whoever puts his allegiance
with Allah, His Prophet, and those who believe, the party of Allah are surely
the victorious ones.” Qur'an 5:51-56)

“Thereupon the only true alliance is with Allah, the Truth, that is the best in
reward, and the best in final results.” Qur'an 18:44

The allies of the devil have also been mentioned in the Qur'an :

“And so, when you read the Qur'an, seek refuge in Allah from the accursed
shaitaan. He has no power over those who believe and depend on their Lord.
His power is only over those who give their allegiance to him and who
(succumb to his urgings and) associate (partners) with Allah.” Qur'an 16:98-
100

“Those who believe fight in the path of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight
in the path of taaghoot, so fight the allies of shaitaan, verily, the plot of
Shaitaan is weak (when confronted with true faith).” Qur'an 4:76

“And when we said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam," they bowed down all
except for Iblis. He was one of the jinn, and he rebelled against the order of
his Lord. And so, do you then take him and his descendants as allies instead
of me, though they are your avowed enemies? What an evil substitute for the
oppressors!” Qur'an al-Kahf 18:50

The Criterion Between Allies of the Merciful & The Allies of the Devil - 3

Translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan

“And whoever takes the devil as an ally instead of Allah, has brought about a
very clear loss.” Qur'an an-Nisaa 4:119

“Those to whom the people said: "The people are gathering against you, so
fear them," were only increased (by that) in faith, and they said: "Allah is
sufficient for us, and He is the best of guardians." So, they returned with
bounty from Allah and His grace. No harm touched them. They sought only
Allah's pleasure, and Allah's grace is great. That is only shaitaan, he gives his
allies the ability to strike fear into your hearts, so do not fear them, and fear
me if you truly are believers.” Qur'an al-`Imran 3:173-175

“We have made the devils allies of those who do not believe; those who
commit outrages and then say: "We found our predecessors on this
(tradition)" ... Surely, they have taken the devils as allies instead of Allah,
and they think that they are on the guidance.” Qur'an al-A`raf 7:27-28 & 30

“And, verily, the devils pass suggestions to their allies, so that they might
dispute with you.” Qur'an al-An`aam 6:121

Allah narrates the statement of the prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him):

“O, my father, I fear that you may be touched by a punishment from the
Merciful, and be an ally of the devil.” Qur'an Maryam 19:45

“O, you who believe, do not take my enemy and your enemy as allies toward
whom you (secretly) cast your love.” Qur'an 60:1

“Our Lord, do not make us a temptation for the rejecters of faith, and forgive
us, you are the mighty, the wise.” Qur'an 60:5

The Criterion Between Allies of the Merciful & The Allies of the Devil - 4

Translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan

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