ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

ORGANISING DEPARTMENT

TYPE OF ACTIVITY'

ISSUING DEPT.

DOC. TYPE

REFER TO SECTION N.

PAGE.

1

OF

192

STAP

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M

7120

TITLE COMPLETION PROCEDURES MANUAL

DISTRIBUTION LIST Eni - Agip Division Italian Districts Eni - Agip Division Affiliated Companies Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Drilling & Completion Units STAP Archive Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Subsurface Geology Units Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Reservoir Units Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Coordination Units for Italian Activities Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Coordination Units for Foreign Activities

NOTE: The present document is available in Eni Agip Intranet (http://wwwarpo.in.agip.it) and a CD-Rom version can also be distributed (requests will be addressed to STAP Dept. in Eni - Agip Division Headquarter) Date of issue: „ ƒ ‚ • € Issued by M. Bassanini 28/06/99 REVISIONS PREP'D C. Lanzetta 28/06/99 CHK'D A. Galletta 28/06/99 APPR'D 28/06/99

The present document is CONFIDENTIAL and it is property of AGIP It shall not be shown to third parties nor shall it be used for reasons different from those owing to which it was given

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

IDENTIFICATION CODE

PAGE

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REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0

INDEX
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL IMPLEMENTATION UPDATING, AMENDMENT, CONTROL & DEROGATION

9
9 9 9

2.

RESPONSIBILITIES
2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. DRILLING COMPLETION AND WORKOVER MANAGER WELL OPERATIONS SUPERINTENDENT COMPLETION AND WORKOVER ENGINEER FLUIDS SPECIALIST OFFSHORE INSTALLATION MANAGER (OIM) WELL OPERATIONS SUPERVISOR PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR

10
10 11 11 12 13 13 14

3.

DOCUMENTATION
3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5. 3.6. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION WELLSITE REPORTS FEED BACK REPORTS OTHER REPORTS PERMIT PROCEDURES 3.5.1. Guidance For Permits WELL HANDOVER PROCEDURES 3.6.1. Well Handover Certificate 3.6.2. Well Intervention Handover Certificate

15
15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 18

4.

HOLE PREPARATIONS
4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. PRELIMINARY CHECKS WELL CLEAN UP PROCEDURES BOP STACK CONFIGURATION AND TESTING WELL CONTROL

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23 23 24 24

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

IDENTIFICATION CODE

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REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0
24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 31 32 33

4.5.

OIL BASED MUD DISPLACEMENT 4.5.1. Displacement Objectives 4.5.2. Logistical Considerations 4.5.3. Drilling Fluid Preparation 4.5.4. Surface Equipment Preparation 4.5.5. Well Clean Up Pill Sequence 4.5.6. Pill Functions 4.5.7. Pit Requirements 4.5.8. Pumping Sequence DISPLACEMENT OF WATER BASED MUDS 4.6.1. Drilling Fluid Preparation 4.6.2. Surface Equipment Preparation 4.6.3. Well Clean Up Pill Sequence 4.6.4. Pill Functions 4.6.5. Pit Requirements 4.6.6. Pumping Sequence COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS 4.7.1. Brines Transportation 4.7.2. Completion And Workover Fluid Quality FILTRATION SYSTEMS 4.8.1. Fluid Cleanliness LOST CIRCULATION 4.9.1. Viscous Pills 4.9.2. Sized Salt Pills 4.9.3. Calcium Carbonate Pills

4.6.

4.7.

4.8. 4.9.

4.10. CASING GAUGE CONTROL

5.

PERFORATING PROCEDURES
5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 5.4. GENERAL METHODS OF PERFORATING GENERAL SAFETY PROCEDURES WIRELINE CONVEYED PERFORATING 5.4.1. Casing Guns Run In Overbalance 5.4.2. Perforating Procedures For Through Tubing Conveyed Guns SAFE SYSTEM 5.5.1. SAFE System Description (Slapper Activated Firing Explosives) TCP PROCEDURES 5.6.1. Well Preparation for TCP Operations 5.6.2. Ancillary TCP Equipment 5.6.3. Firing Systems for TCP Operations 5.6.4. General TCP Safety Precautions and Running Procedures 5.6.5. Firing Procedure for Tubing Installed Pressure Activated Head 5.6.6. Firing Procedure for Wireline Installed Pressure Activated Head 5.6.7. Firing Procedure for Mechanical Impact Activated Head 5.6.8. Firing Procedure for Electrically Activated TCP Guns 5.6.9. Procedure For TCP Anchor Running 5.6.10. TCP Anchor Firing Head Installation

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34 35 35 37 37 38 39 40 40 41 41 43 44 45 45 45 46 47 48

5.5. 5.6.

Retrievable Hydraulic Firing Head COILED TUBING PERFORATING 5.2.6.2.4. Material Requisition Lists 8. .2.3.3.7. Sand Volume Required 6. HOLE PREPARATION WIRELINE PACKER SETTING PROCEDURE 7.7.6.3. 6.2. Completion String Running Procedure 64 64 64 65 66 66 67 8.8.p.3.A. Running Chrome Tubulars 8. Road Transport 8.2. 6. Xmas Tree 8. Carrier Fluid Volume COMMON GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURES OPEN HOLE GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURE CASED HOLE GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURE 54 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 59 6.1.3.7.2.3.ARPO ENI S. 7.3. CARBON STEEL AND PLASTIC COATED TUBING CHROME TUBULARS 8.3. Transportation 8. Running Procedure TUBING INSTALLED PACKER SETTING PROCEDURE 7.4. 6.5.2.3. 7.4.2.1.5.3.3.3.3. Control Line 8. Tubing Hanger 8. MISFIRE PROCEDURES 5.2. 6.3.1. Mechanical Firing Head 5. Flowline 68 68 68 68 69 69 69 69 71 72 73 74 74 74 75 75 75 75 76 8. Hydraulic Firing Head 5.1.2.2.2. Retrieving Chrome Tubulars EQUIPMENT PRE-INSTALLATION PROCEDURES 8.3. GRAVEL PACKING PROCEDURES 6.2.2.2.1. PACKER INSTALLATION 7.7. Marine Transport 8. 6.4. Handling At The Wellsite 8.7. Transport From The Mill 8. COMPLETION INSTALLATION 8. 8.5.7. Fixed Hydraulic Firing Head 5.2. Workstring Running Procedure 7. Landing Joint 8.8.1.6.3. Thread Compounds 8.7. 7.2. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 4 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 51 51 52 53 53 53 5. GRAVEL PLACEMENT OBJECTIVES SCREEN SIZE GRAVEL CALCULATIONS 6.1.3. Completion Sub Assemblies 8.1.1.

4. Piston Pump 89 89 89 89 93 93 96 96 96 98 98 99 101 101 . Pulling Procedure 10. General 8. Turbine Pump 10. Installation 10.2.1.3.2. HYDRAULIC PUMPS 10.3.5. Sub-Surface Safety Valves 8.1.1.1. Rod Installation 10.3. Installation Procedures POST COMPLETION TEST PROCEDURES 8. SCSSV Test Procedure 8.1.4.1.7. Completion Installation 10. TRSCSSV Installation Procedure 8. ELECTRICAL SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS 10.7.3.2.2. 8. Gas Lift Valve Installation Procedure UNLOADING PROCEDURE TROUBLESHOOTING 85 85 85 87 88 88 9.1.5.1. Wireline Nipple Assemblies 8.4. Xmas Tree Valve Test Procedure 8. WRSCSSV Installation Procedure XMAS TREE INSTALLATION 8. ROD PUMPS 10. COMPLETION ASSEMBLIES 8.5. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 5 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 76 76 76 77 77 78 78 79 80 81 82 82 83 83 83 8.2.1. Troubleshooting 10. SPM Installation Procedure 9. Workshop Make-up and Test Procedures 8. 9.4.3.p.3. Side Pocket Mandrels COMPLETION RUNNING PROCEDURES 8.5. 9.A.3.2.1.3. GAS LIFT INSTALLATION 9. 10. Tubing String Installation 10.2. DOWNHOLE PUMP INSTALLATION 10. MANDREL INSTALLATION 9.4.1.4.1.2.7. 8. Jet Pump 10.2.1.6.3.1.6.5.2.1. Running Procedure 8.ARPO ENI S.3.4.2.2.1. Handling 10.4.

4.2.A.p.3. PERMIT REQUIREMENTS 142 142 142 143 143 144 144 .1. Guidewire Establishment Tool 11.7.1. Running The Completion And Tubing Hanger 11. Disconnect The LRP And Tree Running Tool 11.1.2. Casing Hanger Elevation Test Tool 11. UNLOADING BY CIRCULATION 12.3.12. DEPLOYMENT AFTER COMMISSIONING ACTIVITIES 102 103 103 103 103 104 104 106 109 110 110 115 117 118 118 118 120 120 120 120 121 124 128 131 136 136 137 137 137 138 138 12. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS 13.11. Risers and BOPs 13. Pull The Drilling BOPs 11.1. Tubing Hanger System 11.1. Production Controls Pre-Deployment Testing 11.7.3. Tubing Hanger Running/Orientation Tools 11.10. Tubing 13.1. WELL UNLOADING 12.2.1.1.3.1. RUNNING THE SUBSEA XMAS TREE 11. UNLOADING BY COILED TUBING 139 139 141 141 13. Guidewire Latchess 11. WOCS Pre-Deployment Testing 11.1.1.2.1.2.1. Tubing Hanger Isolation Plugs 11. Subsea Tree And Workover Equipment 11.4.3.1.3.3.4.3. DEPLOYMENT OF THE TREE CAP 11.1.2. DEPLOYMENT PROCEDURES 11. H2S Considerations 13.3.1.3. PULLING THE LRP 11.1.2. Production Riser 11.3. WORKOVER AND PRODUCTION CONTROLS SYSTEM PRE-DEPLOYMENT TESTING 11.2.ARPO ENI S.2.6. COILED TUBING OPERATIONS 13.1.1.5. Production Controls Equipment 11.8. Function Test using SEM B 11.6. Tubing Hanger Verification Tool 11.5.1. SUBSEA EQUIPMENT PRE-DEPLOYMENT TESTING 11. Workover Controls Equipment 11.5.2.3. Perforating And Well clean-Up 11.4. Install the LRP/TRT onto the XT 11. Diverless Guideposts 11.4.1. SUBSEA COMPLETIONS 11.6.2.2.9. UNLOADING BY BULLHEADING 12.2. Pressure Test Tree Valves 11. Surface Xmas Tree 11. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 6 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. Unplugging The Well 11. PREPARATION 13.5.1.

Pressure Testing 13. NITROGEN PROCEDURES 14.4. Well Treatment 13.4.5.4. Equipment Preparation and Siting 13.4.3.2. Injector Frame 13.7.3.2.6.4. Prepare to Abandon Platform 14.6.5.2.ARPO ENI S.5. Gas Lifting 13.2.4. NITROGEN TECHNICAL INFORMATION 14. Pressures 14.3. Coiled Tubing Rig-Up 13. Injury to Personnel 155 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 157 157 158 158 158 159 159 159 159 160 161 161 162 162 162 162 163 163 15. Treating Lines 13. RIG-UP PROCEDURES 15.4.2. Production Shutdown 14. Equipment Preparation and Siting 14.4.5.3.2.5. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 7 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 145 145 145 146 148 148 148 149 150 150 151 153 13. Pressure 15. Rigging Down 13. Equipment Preparation and Siting 15. Safety Equipment 14. Coiled Tubing Gas Lift 14. Safety Data Sheets 14.6.1. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS 14. Rigging Down 14.5.3. Nitrified Treatment 14. NITROGEN HANDLING 14.1.5. Pressure Testing 14. PERMIT REQUIREMENTS 15.Tubing Conveyed Perforation 14. Pressurised Lines 14.2.4.3.3.7.6.4.4. Nitrogen Cushion .2. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES (During Nitrogen Operations) 14. Liquid Nitrogen Spill 14.1.5. Equipment Rig-Up 164 164 164 165 166 167 167 167 168 .4.1.4.p.4.6.5.4. RUNNING PROCEDURES 13. RIG-UP PROCEDURES 14.3. General Platform Alarm 14.2.5.4. RIG UP PROCEDURES 13.3.2.1. OPERATING PROCEDURES 13.2. NITROGEN TREATMENT PROCEDURES 14.4.3.4.2. Sand Cleanout 14. Equipment Rig-up 14.5.1.1.7. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS 15.1. Pump Rates 14.4.1.A.1.6.4. Treating Lines 14.7. STIMULATION PROCEDURES 15. INTRODUCTION 15.7.7.3. Chemical Handling 15. PREPARATION 14.

Coiled Tubing 15.3.4.10.8.5.4.ARPO ENI S.2. 15.5. Scale Dissolver 15.5. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 8 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 168 169 169 169 170 170 170 170 171 171 171 171 172 174 175 15.4. STIMULATION TECHNICAL INFORMATION 15. Acid Wash 15. TREATMENT PROCEDURES 15. Fracture Acidising 15. ACID ADDITIVES APPENDIX A .5. Cementing Job Report (ARPO 04B) A.5.1.5.7.5.6. Waste Report (ARPO 6) A. 15.9.p.ABBREVIATIONS APPENDIX C .7.5. Contractor Evaluation (FB-2) 177 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 APPENDIX B . Initial Activity Report (ARPO 01) A.3. Daily Report (ARPO 02) A.7. Matrix Stimulation Report (ARPO 09) A. Pressure Testing Treating Lines Rigging Down 15. Factors Affecting Acid Reaction 15.6.2.A. Acid Properties 15. Perforating Report (ARPO 07) A.4.6.6.2. Matrix Acidising 15. Gravel Pack Report (ARPO 08) A.1.4.REPORT FORMS A. Bullhead 15. Asphaltene and Wax/Dissolvers 15.5. Well Problem Report (ARPO 13) A.5.BIBLIOGRAPHY 187 192 . Malfunction & Failure Report(FB-1) A.1.3.5.4.6.

1. Such Corporate Standards define the requirements. it will only be amended and improved by the Corporate Company.A. AMENDMENT. Accordingly. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 9 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 1. quality and costs.2. while providing all personnel involved in Drilling & Completion activities with common guidelines in all areas worldwide where Eni-Agip operates. CONTROL & DEROGATION This is a ‘live’ controlled document and. when the updating of the document will be advisable. 1. still enables each individual Affiliated Company the capability to operate according to local laws or particular environmental situations. in accordance with the development of Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates operational experience.3. it will be the responsibility of everyone concerned in the use and application of this manual to review the policies and related procedures on an ongoing basis. however. methodologies and rules that enable to operate uniformly and in compliance with the Corporate Company Principles. Locally dictated derogations from the manual shall be approved solely in writing by the Manager of the local Drilling and Completion Department (D&C Dept.) after the District/Affiliate Manager and the Corporate Drilling & Completion Standards Department in Eni-Agip Division Head Office have been advised in writing. UPDATING. The Corporate Drilling & Completion Standards Department will consider such approved derogations for future amendments and improvements of the manual.ARPO ENI S. It is intended to guide users towards using procedures which have been found to provide the most efficient and cost effective operations. INTRODUCTION PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL The purpose of the Completions Procedures Manual is to guide technicians and engineers. 1. IMPLEMENTATION The policies included in this manual apply to all Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates operations. The final aim is to improve performance and efficiency in terms of safety. through the Procedures and the Technical Specifications for general completion operations which are part of the Corporate Standards. . involved in Eni-Agip’s Drilling & Completion worldwide activities.p. All supervisory and technical personnel engaged in Eni-Agip’s completion and workover operations are expected to make themselves familiar with these and comply with the policies and procedures specified and contained in this manual.1. This. as such.

ensuring they fully meet the prognosis target. RESPONSIBILITIES The following job descriptions outline the individual responsibilities and duties of specific key personnel involved in Eni-Agip Completion operations. in order to guarantee that operations meet the company policies and standards. These are generalised summary of the individual responsibilities and duties which are specific to completion operations and as such augment. but do not supersede their current employer’s approved job descriptions. Controlling operational costs and provides the technical approval for invoice payment. DRILLING COMPLETION AND WORKOVER MANAGER The Drilling/Completions and Workover Manager reports directly to the District Manager and supervises the Well Operations Superintendent.p. Approving the completions programmes. timely and effectively. time schedule and cost effectiveness. quality and technical conditions as defined in the programme. monitoring and reviewing completions safety policies within the Safety Management System. 2. Managing day-to-day completions operations.ARPO ENI S. Ensuring the pre-qualification and technical tender evaluation phases comply with company policies and procedures and to provide the Contracts department with all technical details necessary for a thorough commercial evaluation. Completions and Workover Superintendent. with the regulatory bodies in order to obtain consent for well related operations. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 10 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 2.1. Liaising. Drilling Engineering/Completions and Workover Engineering. Verifies the consistency of the expenditure with AFEs and with the administration validity of the contracts. Instituting. pursuing the best results in terms of safety.A. in order to comply with time schedule. His duties include the following: • Ensuring the definition of scope of work and requisitioning of drilling and completion/workover contracts are correctly processed by the contracts department and approved first by the District Manager. • • • • • • . in order to maximise effectiveness and safety of the operations. co-ordinating the activities of contractors and units/positions involved.

in order to ensure that the selection of contractors and suppliers fully meet technical targets and company standards. as required. workover. His duties include the following: • • • • • • • • • Ensuring operational progress follows the approved well programme and provides technical advice to the rig site on a daily basis. Supplying well cost estimates for future operations budgets and current operations AFEs. the performance of wells and reservoirs. to the planning of development projects. Completion and Workover Manager. Ensuring. ensuring the reliability of the data provided.A. WELL OPERATIONS SUPERINTENDENT The Well Operations Superintendent reports to the Drilling. in order to provide technical expertise and advice for identifying and initiating enhancements to well potential. in order to ensure that the selection of contractors and suppliers fully meet technical targets and company standards.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 11 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 2. COMPLETION AND WORKOVER ENGINEER Reports to the Drilling. provides a timely supply to the rigs while optimising the cost of transport. Ensuring simultaneous completion and production procedures are reviewed. His duties include the following: • • Preparing and reviewing technical specifications and scopes of work for equipment to be tendered and services for completion. in order to optimise cost and effectiveness of the project. wireline and well testing operations.ARPO ENI S. Administering service contracts.3. Ensuring the correct scheduling of completion materials and services. Co-operating with the Well Operations Superintendent for providing advice during pre-qualification and tender evaluation phases. Completion and Workover Manager and supervises rig site supervisors. • • • . Contributing. Preparing scopes of work and technical specification for services to be tendered and review those for services and equipment. Ensuring that operations comply with current legislation and company standards. Providing technical advice during pre-qualification and tender evaluation phases. materials and manpower within established programmes and budgets. Providing timely and accurate requisitions for all services and materials relevant to well operations. providing the technical control of contractor performance giving the first authorisation to the payment of invoices and ensuring the control of current total expenditure on each contract. Monitoring. in liaison with the Petroleum Engineer and with the Reservoir Engineers. in liaison with the Petroleum Engineer and with the Reservoir Engineers. 2. in liaison with AQS. providing technical input to the project teams. the correct interface of the Contractor’s procedures are to Eni-Agip’s policies and procedures.2.

Ensuring the compilation of final fluids reports and the feedback documents relevant to the activities under his scope of work. Providing the monthly updates on the variance between actual and estimated expenditures for each job centre for each class of cost. workover. providing a thorough investigation of operational times.A. transportation and materials to well site.4. Liaise with the appropriate service companies and suppliers on a daily basis. Reviewing daily the operations versus the programme. His duties include the following: • • • • • • • Preparing technical specifications for tenders. 2.ARPO ENI S. Preparing programmes ensuring the compliance with regulatory requirements. in order to update the expenditure on each contract. Preparing and reviewing completion. Completions and Workover Manager for routine operational matters. meetings and reporting to the management and to ensure the operational feedback reporting system is consistent with Eni-Agip and corporate requirements. FLUIDS SPECIALIST Reports to the Drilling. Maintaining up to date knowledge of the technical and regulatory evolution’s for the activities under his scope of work. Ensuring the production and review of the Completions Procedure Manual in order to comply with company policies and the current legislation. wireline and well testing programmes and final reports and to ensure the production of adequate feedback about the operations as per the Safety Management System corporate requirements. Liaising with logistics department for ensuring the provision of services. Providing reports and analysis on the operated and non-operated activities for presentation. in order to improve time cost performance and safety conditions. also to liaise with the Completion/Workover Superintendent. Assisting his supervisor in contacts with partners and regulatory bodies providing the necessary documentation and reports. wireline and well testing technology and products to determine their application to Eni-Agip’s completion operations. Advising on pre-qualifications and tender evaluations exercises. . workover. Providing engineering assistance to the Well Operations Superintendent in the follow up of operations. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 12 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • • • • • • • • Appraising new completion.p.

The Production Supervisor will keep the OIM informed on the status of production operations.6. Ensuring all operations. • • • 2. etc. inspected and dressed prior to running in the well. or other Discipline Heads. are performed efficiently and safely using the procedures detailed in the programme and/or Completion Procedures Manual. detailed in the Drilling and Completion Programme. well stability and control. rig equipment. Co-ordinating and supervising all operations on the installation. • • . Ensuring all tools are suitable for purpose. His duties include the following: • • • • • Ensuring all Company policies relating to drilling and completing operations and emergency situations are adhered to at all times for the safety of personnel. he will delegate responsibility to the Well Operations Supervisor or another Company Representative (e.ARPO ENI S. The senior representatives for each discipline are responsible for the activities of their own discipline and must keep the OIM informed on their own respective operations. Production Supervisor) as dictated by asset ownership or control at the time of the ongoing operations. and will ensure countersignature by the Well Operations Supervisor.g. For completion operations. Is responsible for the actions to be followed under the various installation operating modes.p. Authorise all work permits in accordance with the Permit to Work System.g. Maintenance Supervisor.5. Responsibility for the Hot Permit System when ‘hot work’ is being conducted in the drilling module.A. Introducing changes to the Drilling and Completion Programme but only in an emergency or when operating conditions do not allow for communication with the Drilling and completion Workover Department. his duties include the following: • • Reporting directly to Asset Operations Manager. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 13 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 2. Directing the Drilling Contractor and Service Company representatives in the operations to be performed and supervises the conduct of the operations. OFFSHORE INSTALLATION MANAGER (OIM) If applicable. WELL OPERATIONS SUPERVISOR Represents Eni-Agip’s interests on the installation with respect to the Drilling Contractor and Service Companies. e. He will requisition the materials when appropriate and liaise with the Completion and Workover Superintendent to ensure arrival at the rig-site in ample time to allow inspection and preparation prior to use. The Senior Well Operations Supervisor is directly responsible for the drilling and completion equipment and all operations conducted during the drilling completion and workover phase. Requisitioning the equipment and materials required to complete the operations. The OIM will require advice from the Well Operations/Production Supervisor or other Discipline Heads.

A. Co-ordinating all completion activities including wireline and/or coil tubing/nitrogen. Liaising with the OIM. Both parties must sign the handover document. 2. Liaising with the OIM to give advice on what actions to take. flowlines. Company Production Supervisor. the platform and personnel.e. Ensuring the safe and correct installation of all tubulars and completion subassembly components. and other operational Heads on a daily basis to discuss operational considerations and the possible impact on the other operations. Prior to a workover being carried out. or arise from operations in the drilling module. perforating as well as all preliminary pressure testing of equipment. PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR Reports to the Company Production Superintendent (Office). acid stimulation. and when dealing with service companies involved with operations during the production phase. i.. in the correct order and proper depth as per the completion programme. neighbouring wells are closed-in to minimise risk to wellheads. Informing the Well Operations Supervisor. On completion of the programme. i. Reporting requirements are outlined in section 3. handing the well over to Drilling/Completion (Well Operations Supervisor) stating the exact condition of the well. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 14 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • • • • • • • Ensuring all reports required. officially handing over the well to the Production Department (Production Supervisor). during heavy lift operations such as handling Xmas trees etc. Supervising and directs well control operations in accordance with the Eni-Agip Well Control Manual. Both parties must sign the relevant well handover document. OIM and other Discipline Heads on the status of the production operations and the possible impact on other operations in general. if any of the Platform Operating Modes are associated with the drilling operation. are accurate in content and are submitted as required. Xmas tree is secured with all operations completed. His duties include the following: • • • • Representing Eni-Agip’s interests on the platform with respect to production.ARPO ENI S. Ensuring that. production equipment. .e.7.p.

3. etc. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION Before performing any well operations the following documentation and information must be available: A detailed programme including: • • • • • • • • • Name of Field Name of Well Well Code Well Co-ordinates (wellhead and bottom hole) Cost Centre Number RKB Elevation Completion String Schematic (completion components ID.) Intervals to be perforated Specifications of Completion Equipment. 3. FEED BACK REPORTS The following reports are compiled at the end of the operations: a) b) FB-01 FB-02 Report on Equipment Damage and Malfunctions Service Company Evaluation Report Refer to Appendix A for copies of appropriate reports.A. depths. . length. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 15 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 3. tubing size/weight. The Superintendent will then check and approve the reports before distribution and filing. DOCUMENTATION This section outlines the documentation necessary for conducting efficient completion operations and reporting of these operations. all operations must be properly documented and kept on file to maintain the history of operations performed on any well. It is responsibility of the Well Operations Supervisor to compile and forward the reports (indicated below) to the Well Operations Superintendent. WELLSITE REPORTS To schedule future operational programmes. stimulation and other well operations are shown in Appendix A. The operations performed during rig operations (completion string gauging.p.2. This and other service reports for gravel packing.) will be reported in the Daily Well Report. packer setting. 3.ARPO ENI S.3.1. etc.

3. location and country. . and be aware that the issuing of a permit in itself cannot guarantee that any job is safe. All personnel involved in completion operations should clearly understand the particular installation Permit to Work System.ARPO ENI S. it is not possible to describe a generic system in this manual.5. Guidance For Permits Examples of activities which require permits to work (hot and cold) must listed in Permit to Work Procedures. As each installation will have its own distinct PTW system according to the type of installation. It remains the responsibility of the Area Authority to ensure that the correct permits and certificates are in force during all phases of operations. All requirements as laid out in the Company Permit to Work Procedures must be adhered to at all times.1. safe operating practice is compulsory and the responsibility of all personnel involved in completion operations.5.A. Although the operation of a permit system is the responsibility of the installation manager. PERMIT PROCEDURES No work can be performed without a valid permit to work. that some of these activities will be brought within the Permit to Work System from time to time as circumstances dictate. The responsibilities of those individuals involved in the administration of the Permit to Work System should be clearly defined in the Permit to Work Procedures. OTHER REPORTS The Eni-Agip Representative must sign the Service Reports of the Service Companies which must include the following information : • • • • • • • Name of Well Name of Field Order Number Date Personnel and equipment used Description of the operations conducted Starting and completion dates for service company charges.p. The Permit to Work System is drawn up in accordance with standard Oil Industry practices in order to improve offshore safety during all phases of operations. 3. It should be stressed however.4. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 16 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 3. Those activities not normally requiring a work permit must also be listed.

ARPO ENI S. All preparatory work and the status of the well when handed over will be described in the appropriate Handover Certificate. Well Handover Certificate The well Handover Certificate is to be used for all new wells and wells worked over (Drilling. Examples of Well Handover Certificates are shown in figure 3. workover. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 17 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 3. Copies are to be faxed to the Well Operations Superintendent when a new well is handed over. the wellhead and Xmas tree areas are clean and tidy Written procedure for the venting of annular pressure. New Wells Following the successful drilling and completion of a new well. The Production Supervisor will be the competent person during Xmas tree repairs or change-outs even when these works are performed by maintenance personnel with the assistance of a vendor service engineer. coiled tubing. WELL HANDOVER PROCEDURES Operations performed on a well will be the responsibility of a designated ‘Area Authority’.p. Prior to handover of the well to Production. It must be placed in the appropriate well file. and stimulation operations. wireline.6. the well status should be outlined as below: • • • • • • Xmas tree installed and fully pressure tested Swab cap installed and pressure tested SCSSV installed and fully tested All wireline plugs removed All obstructions removed. he will sign the handover certificate in acceptance of the well. A typical example of a Handover Certificate (Eni-Agip) with the information to be recorded is shown in figure 3. The completed Handover Certificate must be signed by the responsible persons handing over and receiving the well.A. The Well Operations Supervisor will be the responsible person for drilling.a and figure 3. the Operations department will complete a Well Handover Certificate. completion. Once the Production Supervisor is satisfied that the status of the well is satisfactory.6. if necessary.1. There are two types of Well Handover Certificates: • • Well Handover Certificate Well Intervention Handover Certificate. The Production Supervisor will be the responsible person for production operations. Completion through to Production). .b.a and figure 3. 3.b. The action of transferring the responsibility for a well between area authority will be documented and recorded on the ‘Well Handover Certificate’ or ‘Well Intervention Handover Certificate’.

If the tree is to be removed all instrumentation and control lines will be removed from the well.6. if necessary Once the Production Supervisor is satisfied that the status of the well is satisfactory. The test and production. The SCSSV control lines will be bled off ready to be disconnected. he will sign the handover certificate in acceptance of the well.p.ARPO ENI S. scaffolding) all instrumentation and control lines will be removed. the wellhead and Xmas tree areas are clean and tidy Written procedure for the venting of annular pressure. and the flowline bled down to the closed drains and isolated when no liquid or gas is observed at the sample point. header isolating valves will be closed. Following the successful completion of a well which has been worked over. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 18 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Workover Wells Workover is defined in this instance as any well operation which involves the change-out of any completion component from the wireline re-entry guide to the Xmas tree.A. Prior to handover of the well by Production to Well Services the Production Supervisor will complete a Well Intervention Handover Certificate and ensure the following procedures are completed: 1) 2) All chemical injection lines on the flowline will be bled down and isolated. or injection. Well Intervention Handover Certificate The Well Intervention Handover Certificate is to be used for all interventions such as: • • • • • Mechanical wireline operations Electric wireline operations Coiled tubing operations Snubbing operations (except where these constitute a ‘Workover’) Well stimulation operations. Well Operations department will complete a Well Handover Certificate.2. . Blind flanges should be installed on the flowline termination. All obstructions (e.g. 3) 4) 5) Once the Well Operations Supervisor is satisfied that the status of the well is satisfactory he will sign the Well Intervention Handover Certificate in acceptance of the well. Prior to handover of the well to Production the well status should be outlined as below: • • • • • • Xmas tree installed and fully pressure tested Swab cap installed and pressure tested SCSSV installed and fully tested All wireline plugs removed All obstructions removed. All lines from the wellhead to the remote control panel will also be bled down. 3.

A. An example of a Well Intervention Handover Certificate is shown in figure 3. Swab cap installed and pressure tested. SCSSV installed and fully tested. Once the Production Supervisor is satisfied that the status of the well is satisfactory. the wellhead and Xmas tree areas are clean and tidy Written procedure for the venting of annular pressure. the well status should be outlined as below: • • • • • • Xmas tree installed and fully pressure tested. All obstructions removed. All wireline plugs removed. . Prior to handover of the well to Production. he will sign the Well Intervention Handover Certificate in acceptance of the well.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 19 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Following an intervention operation the Well Operations Supervisor will complete a Well Handover Certificate. if necessary.c.p.

A.Example Handover Certificate (Eni-Agip UK) .ARPO ENI S.p.A . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 20 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 WELL HANDOVER CERTIFICATE Well No: Well Type: ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD Last Hold Up Depth: Details of Junk: Bridge Plug(s) Tubing Size Tubing Grade Condition Producing or Injecting ft MD/TVD TUBING DETAILS Tubing Fluid Shut in Wellhead Pressure Date last on line ft MD/TVD Date: Date: WELL DETAILS Producer/Injector/Gas Lift/__________________ PERFORATION DETAILS ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD ft MD/TVD SAFETY VALVE DETAILS String Valve Open or Closed Type Date Last Tested Remarks TUBING PLUG DETAILS String Plug Type Depth Date Tested Test Pressure Remarks Figure 3.

p.Example Handover Certificate (Continued) . Open. etc.A.B .ARPO ENI S. Flowline Status: ADJACENT WELLS Well No SCSSV Status Tested Date Plugs Status Tested Date Depth Xmas Tree Status Flowline Status All Production/Operations equipment removed from area ? Remarks: Changes From Programme Status: Y/N Authorised By: Production/Operations Accepted By: Production/Operations Figure 3. Seized Valves.g. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 21 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 XMAS TREE DETAILS Type: Tested to: S/N of Block Valve Swab Valve Hydraulic Master Manual (prod) Wing S/N Status Valve Manual Master Hydraulic Wing Manual (kill) Pressure Fluid Wing S/N Status Pressure Rating: psi Date Tested: ANNULUS DETAILS Annulus Status e. Shut-in. Venting.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 22 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 WELL INTERVENTION HANDOVER CERTIFICATE Well No: Well Details : Producer/Injector : Permit Order No: Description of Operation BARRIERS REQUIRED BARRIERS REMOVED (SITE TIDY) SAFETY VALVE DETAILS Handover String Status** Remarks** String Handback Status** Remarks** Date: Single/Dual String : XMAS TREE DETAILS Handover Valve Prod Side Flow Wing Choke Swab Valve Hyd.A.) Handover String Detail Depth Remarks String Detail Handback Depth Remarks Authorised By : Production/Well Services Accepted By : Time/Date : Production/Well Services Authorised By : Production/Well Services Accepted By : Time/Date : Production/Well Services Figure 3.Example Handover Certificate (Continued) . HYDRAULICS ISOLATED/DE-ISOLATED ANNULUS DETAILS Handover Annulus Above P-Off Pressure Fluid Status Annulus Above P-Off Handback Pressure Fluid Status DOWNHOLE TUBING DETAILS (e. Master Status ** Valve Ann Side Man Wing Status ** Man Master Hyd Master **OPEN/CLOSED. Master Man.g.p. Master Man. Master Man Master Hyd Master Status ** Valve Ann Side Man Wing Handback Status ** Valve Prod Side Flow Wing Choke Swab Valve Hyd.C .ARPO ENI S.: equipment set in nipple/component failures/fish in hole etc.

and an inflow test on liner laps and shoe tracks performed. Note: The casing and liner string may be pressure tested at this point. equipped with the running/pulling tool. Safety valves have been tested and are available already made up with the crossovers to the workstring and Weco connections to suit the kill line connection. Precise details of packer setting depths.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 23 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 4. and to scrape the intended perforated interval(s). All relevant handling tools for the workstring including elevators and slips verifying they are in good working condition. A suitably sized bit. . The rig has been equipped with the safety and emergency systems as per the contract and that they are fully operational. The purpose of this trip is to clean out any excess cement within the casing. has been cemented in place. For detailed procedures on how to perform inflow and pressure tests refer to the Drilling Procedures Manual. 4. PRELIMINARY CHECKS Sometime prior to completions operations. Mud logging or monitoring system is installed and operational. If a liner lap is a found to be leaking it may be necessary to run a tie back packer into the top of the liner lap.1. or junk mill. Rig pumps are equipped with the appropriate liner sizes and that they have been tested. Wear bushing for the tubing hanger spool.p. BOP test tool with the appropriate running and pulling tools and a sufficient quantity of seals.2. the following equipment should be checked to confirm availability and to specification for the forthcoming operations: a) b) c) d) e) f) Workstring of the appropriate grade and size in sufficient length. The decision on which method to adopt will depend on the location and nature of the leak. and particularly to remove any cement that may be on the casing wall at the packer setting depth. g) h) i) 4.ARPO ENI S. HOLE PREPARATIONS The procedures in this section described the preparation of the hole and surface facilities for completion operations. perforation intervals and maximum clean out depth will be given in the well operations/drilling programme. a bit and scraper assembly will be run. WELL CLEAN UP PROCEDURES After the production casing. or liner. BOPs are equipped with the correct size-pipe/variable (single or dual) rams to cover all the range of tubulars to be run in the hole. taking into consideration if a tapered string is to be used. The packer setting depth will also be scraped during this operation to ensure it will have a good setting area. otherwise it will be necessary to perform a remedial cement squeeze. and tandem scraper assembly will be run to clean out the casing or liner of any excess cement.

testing on a new completion will be accomplished by using either the test tool or the tubing hanger with the tubing hanger plug installed. In workover operations prior to pulling the tubing. Function test at the same time as the BOP stack the surface control panel. it will be necessary to displace the drilling mud from the well. it is essential that the well clean up is as efficient (and economical) as possible in removing the mud.3. If operational constraints prevent a scheduled pressure test. solids and any other associated debris in the well. whichever is the most stringent.1. OIL BASED MUD DISPLACEMENT Prior to displacing the well to the completion brine. Prevent the discharge of oil based mud. 4. All components must be fully certified and will be tested with water in accordance to company policy or local regulations. BOP STACK CONFIGURATION AND TESTING a) b) The BOP stack configuration including ram sizes should be in accordance with the Well Programme. 4. Remove pipe scale. c) d) e) f) g) h) 4. Duration of pressure tests will be 10min with a maximum allowable pressure drop of 100psi unless local legislation dictates otherwise. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 24 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4. The function and pressure tests will be recorded on a chart recorder and the charts held in file. a dispensation will be requested and issued by the authorities and held on file.A. check from both blue and yellow pods. . contaminated water and/or contaminated brine to the environment.4. accumulator package and remote control panel. The test schedule will be according to local regulations but will be at least every 14 days.5. the test pressure must not exceed the safe working pressure of the casing. Change the wetability of all downhole surfaces from oil wet to water wet. a copy of which must be kept available on the rig. Keep the brine interface to an absolute minimum. In order to ensure that circulation time. If it is necessary to use a cup tester for testing the BOP stack. rig time and filtration time are kept to an absolute minimum. Minimise the requirement for back-loading oily water for disposal. if using a subsea BOP stack.5. WELL CONTROL Well control procedures will be in accordance with the Company Well Control Policy Manual.p. Displacement Objectives • • • • • • • Displace oil based mud out of the well with a minimal interface between the oil based mud and the clean up chemicals. Minimise filtration time and cost. the BOP stack will be tested against plugs set in the tubing hanger. mud solids and other contaminants from the wellbore.ARPO ENI S. solids.

temporarily shut down the pumps and stroke each set of pipe rams to clear any debris from the ram cavities except any pipe rams which are smaller than the workstring. The equipment required to install and operate the filtration equipment. Personnel requirements and available accommodation.A. The areas which should be addressed include (but are not limited to) the following: a) b) c) d) e) Vessel(s) for back-loading mud and taking on the clean up chemicals. bottoms up should be circulated to remove any additional debris. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) . the drill string should be reciprocated and rotated. the yield point should be reduced to 12 lbs/100 ft2 and the 10min gel to <15 lbs/100 ft2. 4. Circulate and condition the oil based mud with oil mud thinner or oil wetting agent in order that the yield point and gel strengths are reduced but not to a point where the fluid loses the ability to keep barite/drilled solids in suspension.2. The reciprocation stroke should be +/-30ft and the rotation speed should be +/-15rpm.ARPO ENI S. Logistical Considerations In advance of the displacement. Continue circulation to remove the debris.5. Drilling Fluid Preparation 1) Pick up the workstring with scrapers placed in it to ensure that the liner or casing packer setting depths are thoroughly scraped during the trip. the circulation rate should be just within the turbulent flow regime. brine and kill pill material required including any contingency material that may be required. Whilst conditioning the mud. Once on bottom. as much of the surface volume of mud should be removed from the pits to accommodate the completion fluid and the well clean up chemicals. Pit space requirements for mud and brine and the permits required for cleaning the appropriate pits and lines.5. During this operation. Typically. The actual quantity of material required to do this must be determined by pilot testing performed by the mud engineer to determine the most cost effective treatment. the flow rate used should be the maximum practical rate. Near the end of the conditioning operation. the high flow rate and the reciprocation/rotation will help to remove/disperse large quantities of mud solids and general debris. The quantities of clean up chemicals. brine and kill pill material.3. surface preparation can be carried out. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 25 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4. Once the mud has been back-loaded.p. At a very minimum. the logistics of the operation from start to finish should be addressed. Throughout the drilling fluid conditioning process. The combined effect of the scrapers being run in the hole.

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Weighted hard surface detergent pill Viscous hard surface detergent pill Drill water or seawater Solvent pill Drill water or seawater.p. above and behind angle irons. flowlines. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 4. Once sealed. Well Clean Up Pill Sequence The following is the normal sequence for pumping the various fluids and pills. sandtraps.5. the pits should all be swept clean and dry. ditches and in particular areas where the accumulation of solids can be overlooked such as underneath lines and grates. Filtered completion brine . All pits. all dump valves should be locked shut. Surface Equipment Preparation As much of the surface volume of mud should be sent back to the base leaving only one tank into which the mud returned from the displacement can be dumped: 1) Wash and scrub all of the pits and storage tanks designated for the completion fluid with steam cleaners. lines or other areas that the completion fluid may contact. Surfactant/flocculant pill Viscous hard surface detergent pill Drill water or seawater (water should be pumped until returns are below 60 NTU. fill one pit with fresh water and add the recommended volume of surfactant/flocculant. Once the top and sides are scrubbed. gumbo traps. it should be diverted to a pit designated for contaminated fluid. Circulate the surfactant/flocculant pill at the maximum possible flow rate (for +/20mins) throughout the entire surface system including all pits. Viscous pill.5.4.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 26 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4.ARPO ENI S. pumps. If the water is contaminated. usually 1-2 circulations). Once all of the above has been done. As before.5. Agitate the pit to keep the product dispersed. in the corners and crevices of beams should all be thoroughly cleaned. Provided the water is not contaminated it can be dumped. the bottom of each tank should be swept to the suction line and the contents sent to a contaminated fluid storage pit. Once everything has thoroughly been cleaned. dump valve seats should be inspected and replaced wherever necessary and then guided into place to ensure they seal properly before filling with brine.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 27 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4. volumes and rates provide the correct contact times for the various pills. The solvent pill has a solvating action on oil based mud residue and filter cake residue. c) d) 4.ARPO ENI S.5. 4. The Mud Engineer should confirm the depths. A large pill is required to ensure adequate contact time to remove all solids. The surfactant/flocculant pill is used as a chemical flocculating agent to dislodge any residue loosened by the solvent. Pill Functions a) b) The weighted detergent pill is pumped directly behind oil based mud to initiate oil and filter cake removal.5.A. This is the main pill for actually removing the mud residue. Pit Requirements Pits/storage tanks will be required for the following: a) b) c) d) e) f) Mud pit for the detergent pill Mud pit for the surfactant/flocculant pill The solvent pill in the cement unit Drill water or seawater The viscous pill in the pill tank Completion brine. .7. It should not be mixed with any water or base oil to cut it back as this reduces the efficiency of the pill. Seawater should be pumped until returns are clear (1-2 circulations) after which time the seawater can be displaced out with a viscous pill by the completion brine.p.8. The viscous detergent pill is a detergent pill used to convert the surfaces into a water wet state. Pumping Sequence The pumping sequence and direction should be in accordance with the well programme. The viscous pill ahead of the brine should be built using the brine as the base.5.6.

DISPLACEMENT OF WATER BASED MUDS The displacement of a water based to a clear fluid is an easier procedure requiring fewer steps.ARPO ENI S. Water. 4.6. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 28 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4.1. Surfactant/flocculant pill. Surface Equipment Preparation Same as section 4.4. The surface volume of water based mud can be dumped overboard (providing the constituents allow) as can the mud returns from the displacement. Well Clean Up Pill Sequence The following is the normal sequence for pumping the various fluids and pills. 4.3. As with the clean up of oil based mud.5. However. Surface equipment cleaning.5. using the completion brine as the base fluid. Viscous pill. The most cost effective method of treatment is by adding water to the system. Drilling Fluid Preparation 1) The mud properties should be reduced to the levels specified for oil based mud. Viscous detergent pill (un-weighted). Filtered completion brine.5. As per section 4.3.6. As before the logistical aspect of the displacement from start to finish should be addressed. The areas to be addressed include: 1) 2) 3) Transportation for taking well clean up chemicals.2. 2) 3) 4) 4. Personnel requirements. this should only be done under the direction of the Mud Engineer and only after pilot testing. As per section 4.p. pump until returns are below 60 NTU (usually 1-2 circulations). brine and filtration equipment/ consumables to the rig.6. . a) b) c) d) e) f) Drill water/caustic pill.3. namely YP of 12 lbs/100 ft2 and 10min gel <15 lbs/100 ft2. it is essential that the well clean up is as efficient (and economical) as possible.6. This is due mainly to both fluids being compatible and all surfaces already water wet.A.

ARPO ENI S. etc.6. Detergent pill is a polishing pill to ensure all downhole surfaces are thoroughly cleaned prior to pumping the seawater. 4. dump valves. Pill Functions a) b) Drill water/caustic soda pill is used as a preflush to strip away and denature the heavy.5. Note: Boat manifolds may contain residual materials that could contaminate the brine. A large pill is required to ensure an adequate contact time to remove all solids. that will be involved in brine delivery will be thoroughly flushed and dried.1.6.6. 4. Mud pit for the surfactant/flocculant pill. . pumps. 4. Samples of the brine will be taken during the loading operation from the loading tanks and the vessel's receiving tanks or truck. volumes and rates provide the correct contact times for the various pills. Pill tank for the detergent pill.4. connections. Surfactant/flocculant pill is used as a chemical flocculating agent to remove the residues dislodges by the drill water/caustic soda pill. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 29 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4.7. Pit Requirements a) b) c) d) e) f) Mud pit for the Caustic Soda Pill. COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS Brines Transportation Prior to loading any brine at the suppliers facility the vessel tanks and manifolds will be inspected for cleanliness and dryness. density and clarity of the fluid after loading must be identical to the fluid from the suppliers tanks.7. The volume and density of the brine will be monitored as it is transferred from the vessel. will be checked for leaks. concentrated water based mud filter cake and solids. The Mud Engineer should confirm the depths. Prior to transferring the brine to the installation from the tanks all hoses. Pill tank for the viscous pill. density.p. The volume. and solids content as originally loaded. c) 4. Pumping Sequence The pumping sequence and direction should be in accordance with the well programme. Any discrepancies in density and volume will be recorded. Therefore all manifolds.A. Brine will not be loaded onto a vessel or truck until the Company’s responsible person is satisfied that the brine will arrive at the rig site with the same clarity. Completion Brine. Drill water or seawater as required. etc.6.

it is both clean and filtered. A fluid in any other condition will. . completely removed (Refer to the Drilling Fluids Manual). on standby is a low pressure. Cartridge Filter unit.p. Normal specifications are: • • • By laser particle counter: By turbidity meter: By centrifuge: < 250ppm total undissolved solids < 20NTU < 0.A.8. The nature of the DE is such that it must be added using a ‘safe handling system’ to ensure that there is a totally dust free environment thereby eliminating any hazard to the operator or any other personnel in the vicinity. if any fluid is in contact with the formation. Sometimes. sulphate ions and dissolved iron.8.01% by volume solids. Other contaminants such as iron and sulphates can be controlled on surface by chemical treatment but can be avoided altogether by ensuring that the quality of the fluid supplied is correct.4). wherever possible. essential that all of these and other similar contaminants are controlled to as low a level as feasible and. a) b) c) A pit of brine will not be filtered by circulation on itself. permeable filter cake on a filter cloth. FILTRATION SYSTEMS The prime filtration system is the Diatomaceous Earth filter press with a bag filter system for use as a downstream guard filter. Brine will be filtered from the dirty pits to a clean empty tank. During well completion and workover operations. Completion And Workover Fluid Quality The quality of the fluid used during a completion and workover operation cannot be overemphasised as the productivity is governed not only by the damage caused by visible contaminants such as solids but also the damage caused by invisible contaminants such as calcium ions.ARPO ENI S. 4. All filtered brine will be checked to ensure that it meets the required level of cleanliness. On no account should loose DE be used. result in some degree of formation impairment. Both the DE and the cartridge units are capable of filtering down to 2 microns. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 30 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4. the quality of all the sacked and drummed material meets the required specification and the rig is thoroughly cleaned before taking on the completion brine.1. all the tanks should be thoroughly cleaned out and any mud residues washed out (as per the pit cleaning procedure described earlier in section 4.7. therefore. It is.2.5. Fluid Cleanliness Before filtering. all steps must be taken to ensure that. for the reasons stated above. 4. The DE is preferable as the prime equipment as it is more suited to high solids loading which can be removed using various different grades of DE to form a porous.

Obviously the LCM pills used in completion operations should be selected in order minimise potential damage to producing formations. Viscous Pills These can be built. They can be removed by thermal degradation. permeability and temperature of the formation to be bridged.2bbl/min). using drill water. Sized Salt Pills The actual composition of the sized salt pill will be determined primarily by the porosity. gravel pack or wells which are perforated prior to running the completion. The types of LCM pills preferred for the various uses from slow seepage to high losses in particular situations are fully described in the Drilling Fluids Manual along with the formulations and placement procedures.94bbl Bridgesal Plus 500lbs . as required Saturated Brine 0. They can be built quickly and easily.Vol. There are both advantages and disadvantages is using high viscosity pills for controlling fluid loss. These are as follows: 1) Advantages • • • They contain no particulate material to impair the formation. This will only be attempted if the reduction in weight does not compromise the safety of the well. chemical breakers or by flowing the well.9. 4. acid. 4.ARPO ENI S. completion brine or a higher weight brine as a base and adding a predispersed liquid viscosifier to increase the funnel viscosity according to the well programme. consideration will be given to reducing the hydrostatic head by reducing the brine weight (with drill water) and so reduce the level of losses.9. Sized salt pills must be formulated in a saturated brine base to prevent solution of the bridging material.A. 2) Disadvantages • • They are limited normally to temperatures <280 F. either. LOST CIRCULATION The use of lost circulation materials may be necessary if the well has suffers any serious fluid losses as can be experienced such as on open hole. Prior to using an LCM pill. The addition of a predispersed liquid viscosifier is preferable as it will yield rapidly without forming ‘fish eyes’ which may cause a problem when it comes time for the removal of the pill downhole.5 . They are only effective in low permeability formations where seepage losses are low to moderate (<1.2. Some of the most common LCM pills used in completion operations are described below.1. A typical formulation for a sized salt pill in a 10ppg sodium chloride brine is as follows: Volume Formulation per bbl .p. etc. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 31 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4.9.

The system's performance has made it effective in a number of wellsite applications. inhibition.5 ppg 0. fluid loss pill. the formulation will require modification by the addition of FL-7 Plus and Watersal A. The calcium carbonate uses a viscous pill as a carrier (Refer to section 4.2gal/bbl) to minimise foaming.ARPO ENI S.1 Density 12. cuttings removal. Density 11 ppg Composition* Saturated Brine (bbl) Bridesal Plus (lbs/bbl) FL-7 Plus (lbs/bbl) Watersal A (lbs/bbl) Properties Plastic Viscosity (cp) Yield Point (lbs/100 sq. However. and wellbore stability. remains intact during completion and workover operations. A range of particle sizes is available which may be mixed to provide the ideal mixture for the formation pore size. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 32 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Notes: 1) 2) The above formulation will give a final weight of 10. A small amount of defoamer is required (0. coring fluid. 0. Typical of a calcium carbonate fluid is Baker Hughes Inteq’s reservoir drill-in fluid system called ‘Perflow’ that is designed to lower overall well completion costs while improving longterm production rates.1 above). solids suspension. typical formulations are as follows (see table below).69 30 4 210 77 67 11 14 7. These applications include use as a drill-in fluid. and is easily removed with production. and as a kill fluid.3. underreaming fluid.9. Used as a drill-in fluid. In its protective role. If a higher density is required. The specific formulation will be determined by the Fluids Engineer on the rig.5ppg assuming that a 10ppg NaCl brine is used as the base. the fluid bridges on pore openings exposed to the wellbore. permeability and temperature.ft) 10 min Gel Strength (lbs/100 sq.88 40 2 57 30 35 8 10 7.2 3) 4) .9. Mixing order of products should be listed. In completion operations it is now the most commonly used fluid for controlling fluid losses within Eni-Agip’ operations.4 Density 12 ppg 0. The composition of a calcium carbonate LCM pill is dependent upon the formation porosity.75 30 4 164 62 61 10 13 7. Calcium Carbonate Pills Calcium carbonate can be used as a drilling fluid and for LCM pills to control fluid losses. It provides lubricity. TSO (Tip Screen Out) prepad fluid.A.ft) 10 sec Gel Strength (lbs/100 sq. Perflow maintains the properties of a drilling fluid while protecting the well's pay zone against damage.ft) pH 4.p.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 33 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 The system's simplified cleanup reduces rig time during completion and workover operations.10. it is necessary to ensure the hole is within gauge to allow passage of tools such as packers and TCP guns. Ultimately the casing may require further scraping.). CASING GAUGE CONTROL Prior to running any completion equipment. etc. It is extremely important that the casing is drifted as the sticking of completion equipment can incur high costs in retrieval. The bridging agent and polymer chemistry form a thin filter cake to protect the pay zone from damage caused by fluid invasion. The junk basket is run to catch junk which has not been circulated out of the hole during the well clean out operation (typically rubber. Any tight spots should be logged and reported. Before using a calcium carbonate pill.ARPO ENI S.A. . removal is simply accomplished by flowing the well. The system utilises very pure calcium carbonate with a broad particle size distribution to effectively bridge the pore openings of the formation. pieces of cement. Checking the hole gauge is carried out by electric line services by running a gauge ring of a size according to the casing drift size. leaving no significant residual material to inhibit the well's production. The filter cake is effectively removed by low break-out pressures. 4. While other fluids require costly processes for removal. It is normal practice to run the gauge ring in conjunction with a junk basket after the well clean out procedure. loss or damage to equipment and may even cause a side-track. any potential damaging effects from the calcium carbonate needs to be assessed as any particles trapped in pore spaces can only be removed by an HCl acid treatment.p.

PERFORATING PROCEDURES GENERAL Two methods are currently used to perforate wells: wireline conveyed guns and tubing conveyed guns (Refer to the Completion Design Manual). .g. At the safety meeting. In the drive to obtain maximum perforating efficiency. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 34 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 5. etc. All personnel. the following will apply: • • • • Weather forecasts (two independent sources) must confirm there will be no likelihood of electrical storms for the duration of the perforating operation. drill floor and spider deck. the perforating engineer should remain on the drill floor at all times when TCP guns are in the hole still above ground level. the special requirements of a perforating operation. except the perforating engineer. Diving activities are not permitted during the perforating operation. whenever the gun firing sequence is initiated by electrically operated detonators. These must be discussed with the Completions Supervisor and fully understood. Electrical Activation In addition. The perforating engineer must verify there are no stray voltages (greater than 0. should be clear of these areas while the guns are being armed.A. shear pin settings.25 V) between the rig and the casing or riser. all present should be clearly aware of the extent to which their own area of responsibilities may affect. clearly indicating the interval(s) to be perforated. and be affected by. catwalk. under some circumstances wireline conveyed guns may still be preferred.p. Offshore. if possible.ARPO ENI S. timer delays. especially at the loading area. The perforating engineer should have a diagram of the well. No crane lifts should be made over loaded perforating guns or over the logging cable.1. diameters and angles of any changes in the well geometry. However. Refer again to the perforating section in the Completions Design Manual and to suppliers technical specification sheets. the perforating operation should be discussed in fine detail. The type of explosive to be used will depend mainly on the bottom hole temperature and the length of time the guns are likely to be on bottom before firing. unless the Schlumberger SAFE firing system or similar is used (Refer to section 2)). the pressures/temperatures expected and the depths. tubing conveyed perforating is the preferred method for most completion operations as the zones to be tested can be perforated underbalanced in one run with a large size charges. Apart from outlining the sequence of operations and contingency plans. The procedures for both methods are described in the following sections. The BOPs and the rig manifolds should have undergone a recent full programme of pressure testing. There must be no doubt about the method of referencing the top shot and the settings of the tools (e. 5. the fluids present. Only essential personnel will be permitted in the vicinity of loaded guns.). Radio silence must be in force before connecting the firing head and until the guns are 100m below ground level.

perforating underbalance Common to all perforating operations. since they involve the handling and use of explosives and possibly radioactive materials.2. GENERAL SAFETY PROCEDURES The following comments are applicable to both TCP and wireline conveyed methods. No electric/MIG welding is permitted during the perforating operation.p. if applicable. No boats should be alongside during perforating. METHODS OF PERFORATING The perforating procedure is dependent upon the type of gun system used for the application in the completion process.3. The six main methods are: • • • • • • Wireline-conveyed carrier guns inside casing . No helicopter landings should be allowed during radio silence.perforating underbalance TCP run on a temporary well test string . This period will end only after the detonator subsystem has been removed and the perforating engineer has confirmed to the Completion Supervisor that the guns have been made safe. All non-essential personnel should be excluded from the areas affected. No diving is to be allowed during perforating.perforating underbalance TCP guns run on the permanent completion string . require special safety procedures to be strictly observed at all times. b) . the drill floor and the moonpool.perforating overbalance Wireline-conveyed through tubing guns . This is important because perforating will impose restrictions on other rig operations. No crane lifts should be made over the wire during perforating. In the event of any inconsistency between policies. Cathodic protection should be shut down and isolated during the period of radio silence. a safety meeting should be held before the operation commences.perforating underbalance TCP guns run on a perforating anchor . regardless of any indications that the guns have fired. 5.ARPO ENI S. Additional comments are given in section specific to wireline conveyed perforating. On recovery of the guns. the most conservative policy will apply. a) All perforating operations. such as radio silence. around the riser below the drill floor. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 35 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • • • • • • • • • The firing head detonator must not be installed until the Completion Supervisor confirms to the Perforating Engineer that the rig is on radio silence.perforating underbalance TCP guns run on coiled tubing . They should be used only in conjunction with other company procedures for these operations. Perforating operations should be carried out strictly according to the safety policies of Eni-Agip and the perforating Contractor. the catwalk.A. radio silence must be reinstated prior to the guns being retrieved above 100 metres below the sea bed. diving and use of the cranes. 5. These procedures are to be used as a guideline. including the gun loading area.

shall be turned off. within a confined area on the rig. lighting and thick fog. the first series of shots must be carried out in daylight hours. All radio transmitters. within a radius of 500ft from the well. as these are sources of electric potential. Before perforating casing. Explosives shall be kept on site for the shortest possible time. Avoid critical periods of perforating coinciding with arrival and take-off of helicopters. starting from gun arming until perforating guns are 500ft below the sea bottom (similarly. Only perforating Contractor’s personnel are allowed to remain in the hazardous area (gangway. However. Cranes and welding machines shall be put out of service starting from gun arming till gun pulling out and unloading. The Radio Operator shall communicate actual timing. Explosives shall be stored on site in proper containers.ARPO ENI S. Extreme care must be applied during loading and off-loading. At the rig it is the responsibility of the Installation Manager to ensure that these precautions are taken. b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) . The number of personnel should be limited when the guns are within 500ft of surface when tripping in and out of the hole. Explosives are to be transported unarmed and clearly labelled to the site in secure and protective containers. when pulling guns out of hole and guns above 500 ft).A. Warning signs must be placed around the hazardous area where explosives are used. in the same area as explosives. (since they may detonate blasting caps). Any operation involving the use of explosives is not allowed in the presence of thunder. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 36 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 a) Operations involving the use of explosives shall only be performed by Contractor’s specialised personnel responsible for perforation and similar operations. any remaining at the end of the operation shall be removed from the installation.p. Detonators shall be stored in separate boxes.) during arming of guns. rig floor etc. The number of persons involved shall be as low as possible. All portable transmitters (both Eni-Agip’s and Contractors) shall be placed inside the Eni-Agip office and turned off to avoid accidental transmission. the acceptable cement job quality shall be ascertained by means of CBL/VDL and/or by squeeze jobs. radio beacons included. Casing perforating can be performed during daylight or at night. District Office shall be advised by the Well Operations Supervisor on the estimated time of radio silence two hours before starting operations.

The safety aspects of perforating with casing guns are: • • • • The well must be stable with an overbalance mud There must be an adequate surface supply of kill fluid The BOPs should have been recently tested Radio silence must be in force before connecting the cable head until the guns are 100 metres below the sea bed. WIRELINE CONVEYED PERFORATING There are two alternatives to be considered when perforating using wireline conveyed guns: casing guns and through-tubing guns. and hence eliminate the risk of damaging the formation with wellbore fluids immediately after perforating. The gun size which can be run is limited by the tubing size. Therefore they must be used prior to running the test string and usually in overbalance conditions (completion brine or drilling mud). Wireline should be rigged up as per the procedure in the Wireline Procedures Manual. Through-Tubing Guns Through-tubing guns are small diameter guns run through the test string. and especially in production situations. There is no restriction on running speed but care must be taken at any restrictions and when applying the brake.4. Casing Guns Casing guns are large diameter perforators which cannot be run through normal tubing sizes.1. and the guns are fired by electrical signal.ARPO ENI S. On recovery of the guns. 2) 3) 4) 5) The logging engineer should be given a diagram of the well showing the depths of all restrictions or changes in diameter. The distance between the top shot and the GR/CCL should be measured. In both cases depth control is provided by running a Gamma Ray/CCL above the gun. Casing Guns Run In Overbalance 1) A safety meeting should be held before perforating.p.4. they can be run and fired with the well ‘nippled up’ and intrinsically safe. regardless of any indications that the guns have fired. 6) 7) . If perforating inside casing ensure the length of the gun assembly is less than the distance between the blind rams and the grease head. has confirmed that radio silence is instated. or his designated representative. A shooting nipple should be used when using this method. It may sometime no be necessary to run a record the depth by GR or CCL if depth can be correlated to a sump packer or bridge plug. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 37 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5.A. radio silence must be in force before the guns are pulled back past 100 metres below ground level and until the cable head is removed. The logging engineer must not connect the cable head until the Well Operations Supervisor. They can be used to perforate underbalanced. Also. 5.

Observe and record WHSIP to confirm the guns have fired. Perforating Procedures For Through Tubing Conveyed Guns This operation will only be done once the cushion has been circulated into place.p. He should then inform base. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 38 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 5. The well should be perforated from the bottom upwards. or his designated representative. Prior to arming the guns. Record a short section of film across the interval to be perforated showing at least five casing collars and the pup joint at the top of the reservoir section.000 ft/hour to avoid swabbing. Monitor the pressure in the ‘A’ annulus.2. specifically: • • • • 2) The well is in underbalance and will be live after the first run The wireline BOPs should have been pressure tested The surface rig up must be pressure tested before each run Ensure the GR/CCL log across zone of interest is available. Ensure the surface tree master and swab valves are open and run in the hole with the perforating gun tool string. 1) A safety meeting will be held to review procedures and safety. Rig up wireline for a full bore drift run. Position the string at the desired perforating interval and fire the guns. Correlate the GR/CCL to the original GR log. ball check valve and line wiper. Do not run down into the perforations on subsequent runs. Record a short section of film across the interval to be perforated showing at least five casing collars and the pup joint at the top of the reservoir zone. hydraulic stuffing box. 3) Note: The logging engineer should be given a diagram of the well and test string showing the depths of all restrictions or changes in diameter and he should check that he has sufficient weights for the maximum anticipated wellhead pressure. the Offshore Installation Manager will ensure that conditions for safe operations exist. When the gun is on depth and ready to be fired. standby vessels. tool trap. the logging engineer must inform the Well Operations Supervisor. Tie on depth to the CBL/VDL/GR/CCL log. rig up the perforating guns into the lubricator and pressure test. Run in the hole and drift the tubing.ARPO ENI S. otherwise the well should be perforated from the bottom upwards to minimise the chance of picking up debris on the cable. The Logging Engineer must inform the Completion Supervisor. who should observe the well for losses or gains when the gun is fired. The wireline should be rigged up with the lubricator system. grease flow tubes.4. Since only the first run can be perforated underbalance. it is common practice to perforate the best (highest permeability) zone first. 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) . when the guns are deeper than 100 metres below ground level. supply boats and any relevant persons that the rig is passing into radio silence. Once radio silence has been obtained. or his designated representative. and the driller. Pull out at less than 5.A.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 39 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 2.ARPO ENI S. 1) Pull out of the hole with the perforating string.1 General There are two types of detonators in general use today: a) b) The Electric Detonator or Blasting Cap (which is classed as an Electro Explosive Device). 2) 5. 5. confirms that there is radio silence.5. Repeat steps until the total required interval has been perforated. . in the case of electro explosive devices.p. Both of these systems contain ‘primary high’ explosives which are initiated by an electric current heating a filament wire in the case of the blasting cap and a direct mechanical shock in the case of percussion cap. taking care when passing through restrictions. The Percussion Detonator or Percussion Cap.A. Stop when the guns are at 100 metres below ground level until the Completions Supervisor. SAFE SYSTEM The SAFE system was developed for wireline conveyed perforating systems and will be used unless otherwise authorised. Do not flow the well while pulling the guns back through the tubing to surface. Open the well to flow and continue as per the Completion Programme. These precautions include. The gun should be inspected at surface to check that all charges have detonated. Stray electric potential differences can originate from: • • • • • RF Radiation Impressed Current Cathodic Protection Electric Welding Electric Generators and Motors Lighting Storms.5. The SAFE system was developed to preclude the loss of radio communication and other vital equipment during perforating operations. The blasting cap can also be initiated by shock as it contains primary high explosives. Care should be taken as pressure can be trapped by debris behind the gun ports. the elimination of stray electric potential differences while arming guns at surface and when returning to surface after perforating. A film record should be made of the job and the explosion register should be updated. In order to store and handle these detonators. or his designated representative. special safety precautions must be taken.

The capacitor is controlled by a triggering device. The well can be perforated underbalanced to increase the perforating efficiency for completion. Various methods of detonation can be utilised depending on well conditions. Note: If the guns are to be dropped into the sump. the capacitor discharges rapidly into the EFI. The SAFE system is based on a series of ‘basic units’.p. which steps up the voltage and stores this energy in a capacitor. Long perforation intervals can be fired in a singe run.1. thereby initiating the explosion chain. Perforating systems are available which allow several different intervals to be independently perforated and tested during one trip in the hole. These are manufactured in sizes that allow a range of guns to be fired from 11/16ins to 7ins. Guns and charge size can be maximised for optimum perforating efficiency. DC power( positive or negative) is applied from the surface to the ESIC. All the guns are shot from the bottom up with the exception of the Enerjets and Back-off. Accurate placement and efficient detonation in high deviation wells with selective zonal perforations can be achieved. TCP PROCEDURES TCP perforating is now the most common method of perforating today as it has many advantages over wireline conveyed perforating. it is essential that the depth of the rat hole is sufficient to swallow the guns.5. Several guns can be run simultaneously in the hole and selectivity of shooting these is achieved by connecting an ESIC cartridge to each gun. These advantages include: • • • • • • • • The guns can be made up and run in the hole on the completion string or on an independent anchor system.6. SAFE System Description (Slapper Activated Firing Explosives) The two main components of the SAFE system are the EFI (exploding foil initiator) and the ESIC (electronic secondary-explosive cartridge). When the trigger threshold is reached. 5.A. Ensure that the casing/liner has been gauged and junk basket/junk sub trip has been made prior to running the TCP guns. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 40 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5. Operates safely next to radio transmitters and powerlines. Guns can be loaded to perforate specific target intervals. Explosive components contain no primary-high explosive.ARPO ENI S. With the guns on setting depth. Overall operating time reduced. The packer is set and the string fully tested and completed before guns are to be fired. Advantages: • • • • Operates without shutting down radios. The EFI contains no primary high explosives and so cannot be set off with the application of heat or mechanical shock. electric welding and cathodic protection. .

6. 5. Well Preparation for TCP Operations Cleanliness is of prime importance in being able to obtain optimum perforating efficiency. BOP Tests It must be taken into consideration that the perforating/testing and killing procedures may take a considerable time to conduct.10). Clean Tubing This is also a vital factor that assists in a trouble free firing operation. A bit and scraper run to clean up the casing and condition the hole is essential. therefore the following points should be carefully considered. Clean Casing This helps prevent problems with packer setting. This prevents any pipe scale. Clean Fluids These are important in any perforating operation. followed by a gauge ring run before TCP gun installation (Refer to section 4. By keeping the downhole fluid environment as clean as possible. Tubing should always be rabbited before being run. Ancillary TCP Equipment The following is a list of the most common equipment used in conjunction with the gun sections to help installation and firing. . It may also be ported to allow pressure communication with a pressure activated firing head on the bottom of the guns. therefore the next scheduled BOP test may be rescheduled to take this into account. so an emphasis where possible on clean. As stated above. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 41 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5. mud cake or general debris from falling down to settle out and create a barrier around and over any firing head or stinger.1. Any preventative methods employed in the area of scale/dope are strongly recommended. filtered well fluids is essential.A.ARPO ENI S. less problems will be encountered later in the operation.p. This is critical if bar drop methods or wireline conveyed firing heads are used. Dirty tubulars and well conditions may lead to serious problems.2. This provides a good clean area for the packer to set and seal off in. solids settling out can cause problems/delay/cost. Perforation tunnel and near wellbore damage are also a consideration (Refer to the Drilling Fluids Manual for Eni-Agip’s recommended fluids policies. Bullnose Allows the test string to enter liner tops easily. recipes and cost considerations. hold high differentials and withstand the shock of the gun detonation.6.

The ported sub acts as a perforated anchor after the guns have fired. mechanically. TCP String If using a test string to conduct a shoot and pull procedure. It is a ported sub which allows circulation and beneath the ports is a brass or glass disc preventing debris from dropping onto the mechanical firing head. This is important when. Spacer Tubing Spacer tubing is inserted between the gun drop sub and the top of the guns. etc. test tubing. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 42 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Circulating Sub This sub is optionally run above the mechanically activated firing head. vibration detectors (accelerometers) and the normal surface pressure gauges. the full range of string components such as packer. This sub is used as a marker when performing the GR/CCL correlation for depth control. downhole gauges are run below the packer. radioactive collars can also be included in the casing string for definitive depth control. Shot Detection Shot detection equipment comprises acoustic detectors (hydrophones). If chrome tubulars are being used consideration must be given to the non magnetic properties of the pipe with regard to the CCL. it is prudent to make a conformation check run to ensure the guns have dropped. The recommended method is to use slickline as it is less complicated and less liable to fail. using slickline. . need to be employed as per the Company Well Test Manual. Using a combination of the data detected by these sensors it is usually possible to confirm gun detonation. With any of the methods. hydraulically by pressuring up on a dropped ball. Radioactive Sub A radioactive tag in a sub should be installed in the string within the proximity of the packer. Gun drop subs can be operated. Shock Absorber This is an optional tool which may be run to protect downhole equipment from the shock of gun detonation.ARPO ENI S. The distance between the gun drop sub and the top perforation should be at least 50ft if production logging is to be performed. which fall into the sump for which sufficient sump must be provided. The drop bar must pierce the disc before passing on to the firing head. Gun Drop Sub If the perforated zone is to be production logged or stimulated with coil tubing a gun drop sub should be incorporated into the string. If the formation has little GR character.A. Both radial and longitudinal force shock absorbers are available. in particular. circulating valves.p. or automatically on gun detonation. This releases the guns. tester valve.

Then.3. The system is preferred as a back up instead of the primary firing mechanism because of the need to use wireline. This system is rarely used on well tests as the only is that the firing heads for this system are wireline retrievable. this would preclude the use of the drop bar system as a back up. hydraulic or electric triggering. The guns are run in the hole without the firing head. However. (This system is colloquially known as the drop bar system. . Only top down firing mechanisms should be used for safety when arming the guns. There are four main types of firing mechanisms for TCP guns. whenever possible. the head is run to depth on slickline and latched on to the firing stem or stinger. the firing head can be recovered on wireline to determine the cause of the misfire. this possible problem has been completely eliminated due to the design of the system.A. A common combination is to use a tubing pressure actuated system as the primary means of detonating the TCP guns with a mechanical system as the back up. This device can be either hydraulic or a slow burning fuse. The operation of each firing mechanism is: Tubing Pressure Activated The guns are fired by pressuring up the test string and then bleeding off the pressure immediately. With this type of head. Some of the firing heads for this system are wireline retrievable which gives another back up option. which for safety must be run on wireline. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 43 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5. hence the guns can be run unarmed and.p. Therefore the pressure control system must be rigged up. Since an inductive or wet electrical connection must be made at the firing head. Firing Systems for TCP Operations It is normal practice to run the TCP guns with two firing systems. Retrievable Slickline Firing Head This type of head was primarily designed to overcome the concerns over about the possibility of guns being denoted by stray pressure or tools/debris/unnamed articles which could fall down through the tubing string and force the detonating pin into the initiator.6. it can be retrieved and a replacement run. the completion fluid must be kept clean. to improve the chance of a successful operation especially when running the guns on the bottom of a completion. A time delay device is incorporated to allow time to bleed off. Electrically Activated With this system.) Since the system can be affected by debris in the tubing. Retrievable firing heads are available with mechanical. in the case of a misfire. it is well suited to the use of a nitrogen cushion but the time delay on the system will have to be increased to allow time for the nitrogen cushion to be bled off. Although this technique could be expensive on nitrogen. This system provides its own back-up in that if the firing head does not work. when ready to arm the guns.ARPO ENI S. the system is also susceptible to debris. Mechanical Impact The TCP guns are detonated by the mechanical impact of a firing bar. the guns are fired with an electrically-initiated detonator which must be run on a logging cable.

ARPO ENI S. If there is any doubt about the space out.p. Firing heads must be removed before the guns are pulled back above the drill floor. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) . Radio silence must be in force before connecting the firing head until the guns are 100 metres below ground level. General TCP Safety Precautions and Running Procedures A safety meeting should be held before running the guns.5. A spacer sub must be installed so that the top shot is well below the rig floor when the gun is armed. The guns are made up just as tubing singles but avoid mechanical shock because the internal carriers can be displaced. • • • Running procedure 1) The elevators should be changed out to match the special lift sub and the correct slips for the gun size must be used together with a dog clamp. Rig up the main logging cable and run a gamma ray logging tool down to the correlation depth. A 3m spacer should be installed on top of the gun so that it will be armed with the guns below the rig floor. The perforating engineer will provide a list of the correct torque for each component of his equipment. pick up the guns on a tugger with the special lift sub. The string must be run without jarring to avoid premature detonation because most firing heads use shear pins. regardless of any indications that they have past 100m below ground level until the firing head is removed. Run the rest of the test string but take special care that no debris shall fall down on top of the firing head. Run the string to set the guns approximately on depth. The firing head delay will have previously been set according to the test programme and agreed by the Perforating Engineer. The following safety aspects of perforating with TCP guns should be discussed: • • The well is underbalance and will be live after firing. Before connecting the firing head. If tubing is in poor condition. Do not pull the gun back above the drill floor once the firing heads are installed. The guns must include a pressure bleed off so that any trapped pressure can be released. Tie on depth to the reference log and record sufficient film to show both radioactive pip markers and any zones of gamma ray character on the log.A. After clearing the area of non-essential personnel. The required spacing out should be calculated according to the completion installation procedures in section 8. Check the booster positions and 'O' rings before making up guns. On recovery of the guns.6. ensure it is cleaned and rabbitted to remove all loose rust and scale. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 44 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5. clear the drill floor and cellar deck areas of all nonessential personnel. Set the packer and land the completion string. re-run the gamma ray tool to ensure that the guns are set on depth.4.

5.A.4. equalise. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Rig up the slickline lubricator. Run in at reasonable speed to detonate firing head. Circulate the cushion into place and line up the well to flow. Close the kill wing valve and bleed off pressure via the choke manifold to provide the desired underbalance.7.6.5 except that the head is run into the receptacle after the string has been installed and pressure tested. 5. If there are still no signs of gun detonation after a further hour. establish the trend. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 45 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 5.p. if a nitrogen cushion is employed. re-pressure up the string in stages to 1. Firing Procedure for Wireline Installed Pressure Activated Head The procedure for perforating with a wireline retrievable pressure operated firing head is exactly the same as that in section 5. Start recording the wellhead pressure which may be rising due to the string contents warming up. 5) 6) 5.6.6.6. Firing Procedure for Mechanical Impact Activated Head Complete the steps in section 5. Firing Procedure for Tubing Installed Pressure Activated Head Complete the steps in section 5. . open the tree valves and run into the hole.6. or with the nitrogen unit. Hold the pressure for one minute. use the back up firing system. In the event that there is no indication of firing with this system. Ensure that there is sufficient weight on the wireline toolstring and inspect/clean the firing bar impression nose. Slow down 100m above the debris barrier and very gently tag the barrier confirming the depth reading. Pressure test the lubricator.000 psi above the firing pressure. The slickline operator should note the depth and time. Pull back up and run in at moderate speed to break the debris barrier. Continue with the completion programme.6.4. Pressure up on the tubing with the cement pump. the head is simply retrieved for checking and another head reinstalled. Install the surface equipment (Xmas tree or flowhead) and pressure test as per the well programme. observe for leak off then bleed back to the underbalance. If there are no indications that the guns have fired after a reasonable amount of time.ARPO ENI S.6. 1) 2) 3) 4) Start recording wellhead pressure.

4.8. stuffing box. start recording the wellhead pressure which may be rising as the string contents warm up. after which if there is no change. If there is debris. Continue with the programme. 1) 2) Rig up the electric wireline lubricator. But if there is no impression of the firing head then the string is blocked by debris. Otherwise reverse circulate or attempt to bail the well. If there is no debris. it is very likely that the guns have fired. If the firing head is to be run as well as the wet connection activator. If there is no debris.6. continue pulling out. Ensure that there is sufficient weight on the wireline toolstring. Slow down 100m. • Close the swab valve and recover and inspect the firing bar impression nose. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 46 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) If there are definitive signs of the guns firing. The winch operator should note the depth. observe the well for 30min. Latch onto the firing head. If there are no indications of detonation. the logging engineer may attempt to jar through it. attempt to jar through it. observe the well for 30min. Continue with the completion programme. Rig down the wireline lubricator system. 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) . Run in and tie on depth with the casing collar locator. ball check valve and line wiper. employ the back up firing system. tool catcher. it should be employed. Pressure test the lubricator against the swab valve. observing the radio silence precautions when it is above 100m below ground level.A. If there is a back up firing system. before pulling out. Equalise.6. check the tag depth of the firing head to check for debris. after which if there is no change. radio silence and the other safety procedures must be observed until it is 100m below ground level. Close the upper master valve and bleed off through the flowline. attempt to relatch and fire the guns. If there are indications of gun detonation. check the latch depth of the firing head to check for debris. open the tree valves and run in the hole. jar down twice again before pulling out. If there is an impression. Firing Procedure for Electrically Activated TCP Guns Complete the steps in section 5. If there is debris. Pull the tool back into the lubricator.p. pull it. establish the trend. Pull the tool back into the lubricator. grease flowtube. and detonate the guns. If a wireline retrievable firing head was used. 3) 4) 5. double BOPs. continue pulling out.ARPO ENI S. If this is not possible. Close the tree upper master valve and bleed off pressure through the flowline. If there are no indications of detonation.

using slings double wrapped. A cold work permit may be required.p.A. hanger and firing system furthest away. 2) 3) Note: 4) 5) TCP Anchor Make Up The TCP contractor will have a detailed procedure for make up and arming the guns and firing system used. The bottom gun (#1) should be next to the catwalk and the top gun. and check the height using a measuring gauge. (As the gun assemblies have no external set up) Radioactive sources are present within the gun. The guns should be made up using 36 ins pipe wrenches or chain tongs. and laid out in numerical order on the pipe rack. with the bottom gun (#1) being lifted first and the firing system last. Alternatively. Clear all non-essential personnel from the rig floor and lower deck level. A hot work permit is required. Procedure For TCP Anchor Running General 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) There is no requirement for radio silence in the use of hydraulic firing heads. These pip tag positions have been labelled on the outside of the carrier and no contact should be made at these markings by the rig crew. The following are to be used as a guide only: 1) 2) 3) Note: With the gun set in the slips. The guns will be supported using drill collar slips and dog collar as backup. 1) The guns should be pre-loaded and spaced. if lift subs are attached to the guns. Use barriers and warning signs to keep all non essential personnel away from the danger area.6. (Radiation levels will be monitored by an Instruments Engineer) . The 20ft section gun will be lifted up the V-door by the platform crane. A safety meeting should be held to advise all relevant personnel of the required procedures. single joint elevators and an air winch may be used. Use a tag line to guide the guns. Pick Up Procedure Refer to figure 5.a TCP Anchor System. Rig power tongs will not be used to make up the gun assembly. The dog collar must always be made up prior to unlatching the elevators. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 47 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5.9.ARPO ENI S. the TCP representative will visually inspect to see if the booster is correctly aligned. Never move a gun section that does not have protection on each connection. Do not lift by means of the thread protectors. The guns will be lifted in numerical order.

). Re-latch the elevators and move the string to position the guns on depth.a TCP Anchor System. Make up a 30ft joint of 27/8in EUE tubing. The guns should be handled carefully at all times to avoid shock. Slips should be set gently. Rig up wireline and run in with a GR/CCL. crossover and RA marker sub. Re-check the string weight up and down. Run in hole with dummy firing head sinker bars and spang jars to ensure clear path. Increase the pressure using the cement unit to set the anchor and release setting tool. Do not set a gun down on an unprotected pin. When entering the guns into a liner. use tag lines when lifting. Make up a circulating head or top drive onto the work string. Continue to run in hole and locate receptor and jar down gently to get an imprint on the lead insert. Check gun assembly weight. In bad weather.000 ft/5 mins in brine). If no problem is encountered proceed as follows. Pick up string weight plus 5ft. Pull out of the hole and confirm latch by checking for receptor impression. running speeds should be restricted.A. Pull out of the hole and rig down wireline. Pump a slug and pull out of hole. 5. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) Run the guns in the hole on drill pipe.ARPO ENI S. and time taken to make connections etc. 7 Move up the string to a more workable level and drop in the /16ins ball into the work string (the ball falls at around 1. Continue to run into depth. TCP Anchor Firing Head Installation Pre-Installation checks 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Rig up slickline lubricator and pressure test against swab valve. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 48 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4) 5) 6) 7) Make up the anchor assembly complete with setting tool and a 27/8 ins EUE pup joint.6.10. . Gently slack off weight to lightly tag the top of the anchor (6. Continue slowly running in the hole and stop 30ft above the receptor.p. particularly through downhole restrictions. Re-position the string on depth and start to pressure up the string once the ball has seated. TCP Anchor Setting Procedure Refer to figure 5.000lbs approx. Pull up and record pull weight. great care must be taken prior to and entering the TCP anchor. Correlate the guns on depth. In order to prevent surging or mechanical shock when running or pulling armed guns. Set the slips. Mark the pipe at the rotary table (re-check string weight). Try to keep the lift subs clean.

Pull up and record pulling weight.A. If no shot is detected after 1 /2 times estimated delay. Care must be exercised not to exceed the minimum shear pin rating of the firing head. hold for 1 min. the hydraulic time delay begins and the guns will fire when the delay is complete. Before commencing the pressuring up operation. Hold briefly and bleed off swiftly to the required underbalance pressure and continue 1 to monitor for firing. whichever is lower. Shut in the well and monitor for fluid leak-off. wait 11/2 times the estimated delay. Continue to run in hole and locate receptor and jar down gently to latch confirm latch by over pulling 300-500lbs above pulling weight. Slowly increase the tubing pressure until the pressure below the packer is just above formation pressure. Recover toolstring to surface. sinker bars and spang jars. Continue slowly going in the hole and stop 30ft above the receptor. If there is no leak-off into the formation. If no shot is detected.ARPO ENI S. Note: 9) . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 49 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Running Procedure 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Rig up slickline lubricator and pressure test against swab valve. the shot detection chart recorder should be set and running.. Run in with firing head.p. resort to secondary firing system. increase tubing pressure to the tubing test pressure or leak-off pressure. Once the pins have sheared. Jar down to release firing head. then bleed off swiftly to the required tubing pressure (for correct underbalance). Tubing pressure can now be applied to fire the guns. Pressure the tubing steadily up to the predetermined level to shear the pins (upper limit).

p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 50 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Figure 5.ARPO ENI S.A.A.TCP Anchor System .

Repeat this process three times. after assessing the sequence of events. If the bar moves.A. Once a misfire has been established fishing operations will commence in an attempt to fire the guns. Rig up with 11/4 ins bailer and ‘Chisel Point’ bailer bottom. When running in hole confirm the fluid level in the well. Length of the detonating bar Distance from the top of the firing head to the communication ports in the tubing. prepare a detailed procedure for recovery of the guns. 5) 6) Make sure that the length of the lubricator is adequate to accommodate the toolstring and the length of the detonating bar if recovered. When the detonating bar is located. spud down as hard as possible. Do not pick up straight away. Record the following data: • • • • • 4) OD of fishing neck ID of the smallest restriction in the string Depth of the firing head. the guns can be fired during any subsequent fishing operations and this should be taken into account. This should be sufficient to allow both the toolstring and detonating bar to remain below the ports. Confirm the distance from the firing head to the ports in the tubing string. If the guns do not fire. If the guns do not fire fish the detonating bar and pull out of the hole. or in a restriction further up the tubing.p. The perforating contractor should. Adequate time should be allowed for the detonating bar to reach the firing head before a misfire is suspected. it is probably due to the detonating bar hanging up on debris on top of the firing head. 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) . MISFIRE PROCEDURES In the event of any total misfire or no-fire of the perforating guns. Shot detection equipment will be used and it should be monitored during all fishing operations and attempts to fire the guns.ARPO ENI S.1. 3) Ensure that the following slickline tools are available and on site: • • • • Overshot designed to catch the fishing neck 11/4 ins OD bailer 11/4 ins lead impression block Chisel point bailer bottom for the 11/4 ins bailer. Allow twice the estimated time. Rig up slickline and prepare the toolstring with an overshot to catch the detonating bar. 5. Mechanical Firing Head 1) 2) Due to the nature of the mechanical system. it is imperative that the perforating contractor is contacted immediately.7. The bailer should be dressed to a sharp point. Record this depth. chase it to the firing head as quickly as possible.7. This will ensure that the slickline tool will not be above the entry ports (should the guns fire) and be blown up the well. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 51 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5.

rig up circulating lines from the cement unit to the production string.7. Fine black powdery deposits are an indication that the guns have fired and will be associated with a smell of burnt cordite. Both Eni-Agip and the TCP company onshore will be consulted. In the event that a retrievable head has been used. rig down wireline.000psi) and re-apply. Circulate and condition the brine. it may indicate what is preventing the detonating bar from reaching the firing pin. 1) 2) 3) 4) If no indication of the guns firing is observed. The leak-off pressure should be taken into consideration. Repeat bailing operations until it is certain that the bailer is striking the firing pin. • • If it has not fired. Damage will indicate whether or not something hard (firing pin or foreign object) is being struck. If the guns will not fire at the design pressure. 5. and if not already done so.A. Check the fluid level in the well during every wireline run. If it becomes obvious that the bailer is striking something other than the firing pin. Hydraulic Firing Head The hydraulic firing head (tubing pressure) is normally run with a time delay to allow underbalance conditions to be re-established after the tubing pressure is increased. Monitor the shot detection equipment. Prepare to pull the completion and retrieve the guns. Carefully observe for any material recovered in the bailer. If it proves impossible to retrieve the detonating bar. twice the duration of the time delay should be allowed before repeating. This is potentially very hazardous. Hydrocarbons may also be present. Pull out of the hole and inspect the leading edge of the chisel point. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 52 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Run in the hole and jar down as hard as possible on the firing pin. pull out of the hole with the drop bar. increase the pressure (in increments of 500 or 1. allowing twice the time delay before repeating. Unseat the packer and circulate the well contents to kill fluid. Monitor carefully for losses/gains. this should be retrieved at this point and inspected. Attempt to pump into the formation to confirm that the guns have not fired. When it has been determined that the firing pin has been struck.2. A detailed procedure will be prepared based on the current status of the operation. run a lead impression block. Monitor any fluid gains or losses. . Again ensure that the toolstring does not get pulled above the entry ports.ARPO ENI S.p. No further action should be taken without written instructions endorsed by all parties concerned. In the event that it is established that the guns will not fire. prior to any further action. run another firing head on slickline and repeat the procedure. Once the firing head has been retrieved the guns are safe. If the head has fired. Refer to base and seek the advice of the TCP gun manufacturer and senior Company personnel. 8) 9) 10) 11) Top up the well with fluid. the string and guns will have to be pulled. and can be pulled from the well. the TCP representative on location will evaluate the situation in conjunction with the Well Operations Supervisor. and the guns have not fired.

thus disarming the guns prior to their recovery. Fixed Hydraulic Firing Head With this type of firing head. the guns are entirely safe and can be retrieved from the well. The TCP contractor will at this point must provide a procedure based on the current status of the operation. Retrievable Hydraulic Firing Head The firing head must be recovered using slickline.7.8. a misfire is potentially the most hazardous situation and both Eni-Agip and the TCP contractor operations management staff must endorse any further instructions or procedures for recovery of the guns.7.A. The procedures used are contractor equipment and field specific and need to be drafted for each individual situation. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 53 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5.4. 5. 5. COILED TUBING PERFORATING Perforating procedures using coiled tubing has been extensively employed to fully take advantage of perforating long intervals underbalanced and possibly in high angle or horizontal wells. Once the firing head has been recovered.3.ARPO ENI S.p. .

of the smallest pack sand grain. SCREEN SIZE The sand grade used in gravel pack designs is selected usually to be 5 to 6 times greater size than the average formation sand particle size which is determined by sieving. The space between the wires in a screen are termed the ‘Gauge’ which in turn is selected according to the grade of pack sand the screen must retain. GRAVEL PLACEMENT OBJECTIVES It is imperative that the perforation tunnels and the screen to casing annulus. However on the other hand.000ins. which in turn enables maximum productivity. if necessary. be completely filled with clean. The voids will fill with much lower permeability formation sand and productivity will be reduced. grain sizes and recommended screen gauge is available from any of the gravel pack service providers. the gravel pack sand may bridge prematurely in the annulus. 6. The recommended annulus clearance is circa 1. Completely filled perforation tunnels and annular areas result in minimal pressure losses through the gravel packed completion. The gauge is usually 0. Tables of the various sand grades.ARPO ENI S. . 6.2.0.5 . resulting in voids throughout the length of the gravel pack. The Well Operations Supervisor should check the screen clearance and fishing capability before running. if excessive leak-off is encountered. This section contains the common procedures for both open hole and internal gravel packing. In internal gravel packs. In addition a gravel reserve above the top perforation should be created to allow for any settling of the pack that may occur.9. While pumping the gravel pack slurry. For perforating gun applications and gun design options. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 54 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 6. carrier fluid leak off to the formation through the perforations is essential to carry the gravel pack sand into and efficiently pack off the tunnels. the perforations will not be filled with gravel pack sand. refer to the Company Completions Design Manual.p. One flow path for the fluid is through the gravel pack screen then returning to surface. one for open hole completions and the other for inside cased hole. If insufficient leak off is caused. GRAVEL PACKING PROCEDURES There are two gravel pack applications. highly permeable gravel pack sand. The other flow path for the fluid is through leak off to the formation. The OD of the screen is selected according to the production casing size in order that there is enough annulus clearance whilst running and fishing with an overshot. there are only two paths for the carrier fluid to flow. These voids may fill from above due to gravity settling of the pack but if the voids do not fill with gravel pack sand. two results may occur: • • Produced sand will erode holes in the screen and the gravel pack will fail.1. or screen to open hole annulus.A. after it passes the crossover tool.

p. if applicable: Hole volume below screens. This calculation depends on whether it is an open hole or internal gravel pack job and if a sump packer is used. if applicable: Hole Volume below screens Step 3 Calculate the volume required for the perforations: Length of Perforations x Volume factor (usually 1ft3/ft) Calculate total sand required: Add the calculated volumes from steps 1 2 and 3. Sand Volume Required The first stage of a sand volume calculation is to prepare a spreadsheet with information about the well geometry and should focus on the spaces to be occupied by pack sand. this reduced volume would need to be considered.A. The standard issue of pack sand is in 100lb sacks which occupies 1ft3. The slurry and sand volumes contained in the programme need to be verified before the gravel pack operations using the calculations given below.3. therefore the volume of the spaces should also be calculated in ft3. Open Hole Step 1 Calculate the total annular volume outside the screen to the planned height of the sand: Total Annular Volume = Screen/Hole Annulus + Blank Pipe/Hole Annulus + 40-60ft volume surplus If the planned sand height was up into the casing.1. . 6.3. Step 3 Calculate total sand required: Add the calculated volumes from steps 1 and 2. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 55 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 6. GRAVEL CALCULATIONS The fluids programme to be used will be detailed in the Completions Programme including pre-pad and slurry recipes. Internal Step 1 Calculate the annular volume outside the screen to the planned height of the sand: Screen/Casing Annulus + Blank Pipe/Casing Annulus + 40-60ft volume surplus Step 2 Calculate the volume of sand in the rat hole.ARPO ENI S. Step 2 Calculate the volume of sand in the rat hole.

Make gauge ring and junk basket run to TD. Circulate with filtered completion fluid till returns are clean according to the well programme. The pre-pad is normally about 10bbls and the post pad 5bbls. If no losses are caused. Thoroughly scrape the casing through all intervals to be perforated and all packer setting depths (Refer to section 4. All fluids pumped downhole during the completion phase must be filtered prior to use. This will be confirmed in the well programme or by the gravel pack technician. Verify screen gauge and gravel delivered is correct according to the well programme.4. Pull out of the hole with the gauge ring and junk basket.2).3. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 56 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Total Sand Weight Total Volume ft3 x 100lb/ft3 6. Run in hole with casing scrapers and a short open ended tailpipe on workstring.A.p. Total Slurry Volume (galls) = Total Sand Volume lbs/Sand Volume (lbs per gall) Some of the early part of the gravel pack procedure should be conducted in the squeeze position to pack it into the perforations.ARPO ENI S. Note: 3) 4) 5) 6) . The total volume (galls) of slurry then required is simply the total sand volume required divided by the sand carried per gal. Displace the wellbore fluid with the filtered completion fluid. Carrier Fluid Volume The weight of carrier fluid is dependent upon the weight of fluid required to control the well. 6. if necessary. COMMON GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURES Refer to the well clean up procedures in section 4. Filter the completion fluid with a Diatomaceous Earth (DE) filter press and downstream absolute cartridge filters to remove all potential damaging particles. 1) 2) Thoroughly clean all rig circulating system equipment. Rig up electric line. The total volume of the slurry then depends upon how much sand can be carried by the carrier fluid at for that particular weight of fluid to be used. Prepare a dedicated active pit for filtered completion fluid. Pump from the storage pit and return the filtered completion fluid into the active clean pit.2. An amount of the carrier fluid is usually set aside for use as pre-pad and sometimes a postpad or push pad to segregate if from the other wells fluids. there will be no sand packed to the end of the tunnels.

Pick up and assemble the gravel pack assembly in the rotary table as follows.ARPO ENI S. manifold and lines. Note: 11) 12) 13) 14) . then drop the activating ball to open the hole opener. Test to 5. and pick up gently out of.3. Establish circulation.000ft. 10) The gravel pack service toolstring assembly is then made up to the previous assembly: • • • Shifting Tool Gravel Pack Crossover Tool Hydraulic Setting Tool. if desired). OPEN HOLE GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURE The procedure described herein is based on Baker’s gravel pack systems. record circulating pressure and drop the packer setting ball. Once the assembly is positioned on depth. roughly 5min/1. Run in the hole slowly with the completion assembly (90sec per 90ft stand). Set down into. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 57 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 6. Ensure the fluid in the hole has been properly filtered and cleaned before running the gravel pack (Refer to section 6. Apply thread compound sparingly to the pin ends of the connections only.2 above). from bottom up. Drift all BHA tubulars including GP equipment and wash pipe. Record the pick-up and slack-off weights when reaching the packer setting depth.A. and to the bottom of.000psi. • • • • • • • Knock Out Isolation Valve Blank pipe Shear Out Safety Joint Indicating Sub Crossover Sub Gravel Pack Extension with Sliding Sleeve Gravel Pack Packer. Run flush joint washpipe inside. Establish circulating rates and pressures. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Pick up the hole opener and trip to the bottom of the production casing. Drill the open hole length with the hole opener.p. • • • 9) Blank bull nosed plug Sand screens Blank pipe. The assembly consisting of the following items is then picked up and made up onto the screen assembly. the slips. rig up the gravel infuser pumping equipment. running at a slow speed to prevent damage to the packing element and to prevent prematurely setting the packer.5. Allow time for ball to gravitate to the ball seat in the crossover tool. Pull out of the hole. the screen and blank pipe. Conduct any stimulation treatment that may be necessary for the particular formation (this may be done post gravel pack.

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1) 2) 3) 4)

5)

6)

7)

Set the packer by slowly pressuring up the workstring according to the steps and pressures stated in the well programme. Verify slip anchoring of the packer by alternately setting down and picking up 10,00015,000lbs weight. Slack off to the neutral position and test the packer by pressuring the casing to 1,000psi. for 5min. Since 1,000psi annular pressure releases the crossover tool from the packer, the crossover tool may now be snapped out of the packer. Alternatively, the crossover tool may be released from the packer by turning 15 rotations to the right at the packer depth holding a slight upstrain. Raise the crossover tool to the reverse circulating position. Apply the appropriate workstring pressure to shear the ball seat in the crossover tool. Break circulation in the reverse direction at 3bpm and record the pump pressure. Pickle the workstring by circulating the pickling agent to the end of the workstring. 1 Reverse circulate 1 /2 workstring volumes of filtered completion fluid until returns are clean. Lower the crossover tool and set down 10,000lbs on the packer. This is the squeeze position, mark the pipe at the rotary table level. Establish injection pressures at 3, 2, 1, 1 and /2bpm. Do not exceed the formation fracture pressure. If injectivity is low, an acid stimulation treatment may be conducted prior to performing the gravel pack. Raise the crossover tool to neutral weight plus an additional 2ft. This is the circulating position, mark the pipe at the rotary table level. Establish circulating pressures at 3, 2, 1 1, and /2bpm. Monitor the return rate with a flowmeter to determine the leak-off rate to the zone. If full returns are observed, partially close the annular BOP to hold backpressure and induce leak-off. Do not exceed the formation fracture pressure. Raise the crossover tool to the reverse circulating position. Infuse gravel pack sand into completion fluid at the desired mix ratio and pump a circulating rate of 3bpm. A 1 pump rate of 3bpm must be maintained to achieve a fluid velocity of 500ft/min in 3 /2” workstring. When the sand is 5-10bbls above the packer, lower the crossover tool into the circulating position. Continue displacing the gravel with filtered completion brine until an initial pressure increase is observed due to gravel covering the screens. While pumping, allow the pressure to build to 1,500-2,500psi. over the initial circulating pressure at a1 given rate. Maintain this sandout pressure while slowing the pump rate to 2, 1, and /2bpm. Allow the pressure to bleed off to the formation. Calculate the gravel height above the screen top using the linear flow equation. Do not re-stress the pack. Close the annular BOP and apply 500psi to the annulus. Raise the crossover tool to the reversing position. Reverse out excess gravel plus two workstring volumes. Divert the gravel returns to the slurry dehydration tank and determine the volume of gravel reversed out. The volume of gravel placed can then be calculated by subtracting the volume reversed out and the screen/open hole, blank pipe/open hole and blank pipe/casing annular volumes from the total volume of gravel pumped.

Note:

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23)

24)

25)

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To test the gravel pack, lower the crossover tool into the circulating position and attempt to circulate at the same rate and pressure achieved earlier. If sandout pressure cannot be achieved, mix and pump another batch of gravel. Reverse out excess gravel. Repeat this step until final sandout occurs. Pull out of the hole with the service toolstring. Revert to the completion procedures in the completion programme.

CASED HOLE GRAVEL PACK PROCEDURE The procedure described herein is based on Baker’s gravel pack systems. 1) 2) Prepare the hole as per section 6.3.2. Run in hole with the sump packer on electric line. Correlate with the GR/CCL to the reference log and set the packer at approx. 6ft below the planned depth of the bottom perforation. Pull out of the hole and rig down the electric line. Pick up the perforating assembly and run in the hole (Refer to section 5). Use a Tubing Conveyed Perforating system with the highest possible shot density (typically 12spf), with Gravel Pack or ‘Big Hole’ charges. Establish the desired underbalance. This operation should be performed with the underbalance stated in the well programme (normally 500-1,000psi depending on the formation strength. Verify the proper positioning of the perforating guns by tagging the sump packer and space out the string at the correct depth. Set the packer. Rig up the control head and surface lines (if on a floater this will be done before step 6 above). Detonate the perforating guns by appropriate procedure. Flow the well to sufficiently remove all debris from the perforations. Reverse circulate two workstring volumes with filtered completion fluid to stabilise the well. Continue circulating and filtering until returns are clean. Monitor the well to determine if it has stabilised. Record any fluid losses or gains. If necessary to control fluid loss, spot a fluid loss control pill. Unseat the packer and reciprocate the string to fully release the packer and repeat one more complete circulation. Pull out of the hole with the TCP assembly, monitoring for fluid losses. If there is evidence of formation sand in the returns, pick up and run a scraper with a tailpipe to enter and wash down to the sump packer.

3) Note:

4) Note:

5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14)

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

IDENTIFICATION CODE

PAGE

60 OF 192

REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0

1)

Pick up and assemble the gravel pack assembly in the rotary table as follows, from bottom up, running at a slow speed to prevent damage to the packing element and to prevent prematurely setting the packer. • • • Snap Latch Seal Assembly Sand screens Blank pipe

2)

Run flush joint washpipe inside, and to the bottom of, the screen through the blank pipe. The assembly consisting of the following items is then picked up and made up onto the screen assembly. • • • • • Knock Out Isolation Valve Shear Out Safety Joint Crossover Sub Gravel Pack Extension with Sliding Sleeve Gravel Pack Packer.

3)

The gravel pack service toolstring assembly is then made up to the previous assembly: • • • Shifting Tool Gravel Pack Crossover Tool Hydraulic Setting Tool. Apply thread compound sparingly to the pin ends of the connections only. Run in hole slowly with the completion assembly (90sec per 90ft stand). Set down into, and pick up gently out of, the slips. Record the pick-up and slack-off weights when reaching the packer setting depth. Record pick-up and slack-off weights one stand above the sump packer. Tag the sump packer and set down sufficient weight to force the latch of the snap latch to engage the packer. If desired, the latch may be snapped out of the packer with pull to verify correct operation. Once the assembly is positioned on depth, rig up the gravel infuser pumping equipment, manifold and lines. Test to 5,000psi. Establish circulation, record circulating pressure and drop the packer setting ball. Allow time for ball to gravitate to the ball seat in the crossover tool, roughly 5min/1,000ft. Set the packer by slowly pressuring up the workstring according to the steps and pressures stated in the well programme. Verify slip anchoring of the packer by alternately setting down and picking up 10,00015,000lbs weight. Slack off to the neutral position and test the packer by pressuring the casing to 1,000psi for 5min. Since 1,000psi annular pressure releases the crossover tool from the packer, the crossover tool may now be snapped out of the packer. Alternatively, the crossover tool may be released from the packer by turning 15 rotations to the right at the packer depth with a slight upstrain.

Note: 18) 19) 20)

21)

22) 23) 24) 25)

Raise the crossover tool to the reversing position. Raise the crossover tool to the reverse circulating position. While pumping. If full returns are observed. Break circulation in the reverse direction at 3bpm and record the pump pressure. Revert to the completion procedures in the completion programme. allow the pressure to build to 1. Apply the appropriate workstring pressure to shear the ball seat in the crossover tool. Do not exceed the formation fracture pressure. Lower the crossover tool and set down 10. The volume of gravel placed behind the casing can then be calculated by subtracting the volume reversed out and the screen/casing and blank pipe/casing annular volumes from the total volume of gravel pumped. and /2bpm. lower the crossover tool into the circulating position. This is the circulating position. Calculate the gravel height above the screen top using the linear flow equation. If injectivity is low an acid stimulation treatment may be desired prior to performing the gravel pack. When the sand is 5-10bbls above the packer. Repeat this step until final sandout occurs. lower the crossover tool into circulating position and attempt to circulate at the same rate and pressure achieved earlier. 2.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 61 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) Raise the crossover tool to the reverse circulating position.ARPO ENI S. Do not exceed the formation fracture pressure. This is the squeeze position. and /2bpm. Infuse gravel pack sand into completion fluid at the desired mix ratio and at a circulating rate of 3bpm. Allow the pressure to bleed off to the formation. A pump 1 rate of 3bpm must be maintained to achieve a fluid velocity of 500ft/min in 3 /2” workstring. Close the annular BOP and apply 500psi to the annulus. 1 1. Continue displacing the gravel with filtered completion brine until an initial pressure increase is observed due to gravel covering the screens.500psi over the initial circulating pressure at a1 given rate. Reverse out excess gravel plus two workstring volumes. Establish injection pressures at 3.000lbs on the packer. If sandout pressure cannot be achieved. mark the pipe at the rotary table level. Establish circulating pressures at 3. mix and pump another batch of gravel. Do not re-stress the pack. 1 Reverse circulate 1 /2 workstring volumes of filtered completion fluid until returns are clean. 1 and /2bpm. mark the pipe at the rotary table level. Divert the gravel returns to the slurry dehydration tank and determine the volume of gravel reversed out. Pickle the workstring by circulating the pickling agent to the end of the workstring. Monitor the return rates with a flowmeter to determine the leak-off rate to the zone. 1. 1.p. partially close the annular BOP to hold backpressure and induce leak-off. Reverse out any excess gravel.500-2. Pull out of the hole with the service toolstring. Raise the crossover tool to neutral weight plus an additional 2ft. 2. To test the gravel pack. Maintain this sandout pressure while slowing the pump rate to 2. Note: 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) .

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 62 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Service Seal Unit With X-Over Open Automatic J-Latch Shear Pins Tying Seal Unit to Packer PermanentRetrievable Packer Production Seal Unit Swivel Saftey Joint Gravel Pack Sand Screen Figure 6.A.Typical Open Hole Gravel Pack Installation .ARPO ENI S.p.A .

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 63 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Service Seal Unit With X-Over Open Automatic J-Latch Shear Pins Tying Seal Unit to Packer PermanentRetrievable Packer Production Seal Unit Swivel Saftey Joint Gravel Pack Sand Screen Figure 6.A.Typical Cased Hole Gravel Pack Installation .B .p.ARPO ENI S.

If the junk basket is full of junk. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 64 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 7. Speed and tension should be closely monitored while pulling out.1. When the sequence is completed the packer setting tool is automatically released from the packer and is confirmation of correct operation.ARPO ENI S.p. reduce cost. Refer to the Completion Design Manual for various packer completion designs and installation methods. Confirm that the gauge ring is the correct size for the production casing or liner. such as when installing reference packers for gravel packs or using a packer as a plug. other than trip cost saving. a junk basket with a gauge ring should be run to below the depth at which the packer is to be set. forces the packer through its setting sequence. . This is to ensure that the packer can successfully reach the setting depth. is that the packer is not pressure tested until the tubing string is installed. 5) 7. 7. Both tubing and wireline set packer installation procedures are described in this section. The packers set on a workstring can be set mechanically or hydraulically by applying pressure to the workstring.A. Normally it is preferred to install a production packer on the completion tubing string in order to obtain single trip installation saving unwarranted wireline trips and.2. therefore alterations to these procedures may be necessary to suit a particular packer. packers may be set on electric wireline. A disadvantage. The procedures given below are generic and not specific to any particular packer manufacturer. WIRELINE PACKER SETTING PROCEDURE In this method the packer is run on a setting tool and is set by application of controlled pressure from a slow burning powder charge acting through a piston which. The gauging/junk basket procedure is: 1) 2) 3) 4) Rig up the electric line for running in cased hole. Packers to be set in highly deviated wells may be installed on a workstring where wireline would not reach. If the junk basket is run to TD. Eni-Agip’s policies for the use of retrievable and permanent packers is fully outlined in the Company’s Completion Design Manual. Selective completions may have a number of tubing retrievable type packers installed in a single trip which are set in sequence. This ensures that the packer is not set across a casing coupling or can be used as a reference for TCP gun depth correlation. when pulling out of the hole. PACKER INSTALLATION In some completion programmes. An advantage of setting a packer on wireline is it is quick and simple and accurate setting. in turn. Run the junk basket and gauge ring slowly observing the CCL to confirm that the tool is moving at the same speed as the cable. it is important not to slack off on the cable as this will open the junk basket and release the contents. repeat the procedure until no more debris is recovered. hence. HOLE PREPARATION Before running any packer (wireline or tubing installed).

When the toolstring is back at surface. Position the assembly at the correct setting depth. Run in the hole at the recommended speed given by the packer supplier or the logging contractor whichever is applicable.1. Make a correlation logging pass over a suitable interval and record the GR/CCL log. After the Logging Engineer and Well Operations Supervisor have satisfied themselves that the toolstring is at the correct depth. Pick up the assembly and remove the collar clamp and pull the slips. Assemble the packer adapter kit and setting tool. the setting charge will be fired. Each packer will have an appropriate packer kit to fit between the specific type and size of packer and the type and size of setting gun. Also. Release any pressure from the setting tool and rig down. 1) The Company Supervisor shall verify that the completion equipment.A. Install the packer test adapter and pressure test the packer/packer tailpipe assembly to the pressure stated in the Completion Programme. Remove the test adapter and retrieve the wireline plug. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 65 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 7.ARPO ENI S. inspect the adapter kit and setting tool to verify the proper setting of the packer. Pick up the other tailpipe sub-assemblies and make up them up in sequence according to the well programme.p. serial numbers and certification. Pick up the lower packer tailpipe assembly and set it in the rotary table installing a collar clamp above the slips as there is little weight at this time. Make up the packer to the top of the packer tailpipe. Pull the tool back to surface carefully. Running Procedure As the setting tool is operated using an explosive charge. radio silence will be required when making up and running the tool. Rig down the gauge ring/junk basket.2. Obtain radio silence and make up the cable head to the setting tool/packer assembly. corresponds to the details in the completion programme and has the appropriate correct part numbers. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) Note: 19) 20) 21) . when the tool has been fired the body will contain high pressure gas. Pick-up the packer running tool assembly and make it up to the packer. Conduct a weight check. including the packer system. hence special care will have to be taken when it is being rigged down at surface. ensuring that all radio silence procedures are followed. Do not tag the packer after setting as the adapter kit may become stuck in the packer. Install a plug by wireline in the packer tailpipe landing nipple. fill up the assembly with brine. resulting in a fishing job. handling carefully in case there has been a misfire. Correlate the depth measurements to the reference log depths.

pressure test the packer according to the programme. Shear off the workstring from the packer and pull the workstring. If the packer is to be installed on the completion tubing string. a packer adapter is required to allow connection between the packer and the workstring. Pull the workstring with the adapter kit back to surface and check the shear pins to verify the setting of the packer. 7. tubing movement device. Install a plug by wireline in the packer tailpipe landing nipple. if hydraulic set). serial numbers and certification. Pick up the setting tool and first joint of tubing and make up onto the packer.3. Assemble the packer adapter kit (and setting tool. corresponds to the details in the completion programme and has the appropriate correct part numbers.ARPO ENI S. Pick up the lower packer tailpipe assembly and set it in the rotary table installing a collar clamp above the slips as there is little weight at this time. Remove the test adapter and retrieve the wireline plug. Rig down. Pick up the assembly and remove the collar clamp and then the slips.3. If the packer is to be set by hydraulic pressure. Run in the hole at the recommended speed given by the packer supplier. including the packer system. Pick up the other tailpipe sub-assemblies and make up them up in sequence according to the well programme. Each packer will have a appropriate packer kit to fit between the specific type and size of packer and the type and size of setting gun or workstring. TUBING INSTALLED PACKER SETTING PROCEDURE If the packer is to be set on a workstring. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 66 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 7. fill up the assembly with brine. etc. landing nipples.1. 1) The Company Supervisor shall verify that the completion equipment. all the completion components will be installed in the string as it is run. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) . Trip to depth according to pipe measurement. therefore do not set back down to check the packer otherwise the adapter may be come stuck. Set the packer mechanically or hydraulically according to the packer setting procedure.1. The hydraulic running tool usually self releases from the packer similar to the wireline setting procedure. a setting tool similar to that describe for wireline setting is required and attached to the workstring. rig up electric line and run a GR/CCL and correlate the workstring to the casing. This includes the packer tailpipe. Install the packer test adapter and pressure test the packer/packer tailpipe assembly to the pressure stated in the Completion Programme. circulating devices. Workstring Running Procedure The hole will be gauged according to section 7. If accuracy is required. Make up the packer to the top of the packer tailpipe. If possible.A.p. SSSV.

Rig up the pump line to the test head and fill up the string with brine. run a wireline plug and conduct the test as per the manufacturer’s procedure.p. Make up the packer to the top of the packer tailpipe. record string weight and place the packer on the correct depth. hence packer depth to the casing. Set the tubing hanger.A. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) . drop the packer setting ball or rig up wireline and run the packer setting plug/ standing valve (Refer to the Wireline Procedures Manual). Pick up the assembly and remove the collar clamp and then the slips.1. Continue with the completions programme. Trip into the hole. If it is felt necessary to pressure test the packer tailpipe. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 67 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 7.ARPO ENI S. Either. Completion String Running Procedure The hole will be gauged according to section 7. if necessary. 1) The Company Supervisor shall verify that the completion equipment. Conduct a tubing string gauging procedure to confirm nipple depths and sizes. Pick up the lower packer tailpipe assembly and set it in the rotary table installing a collar clamp above the slips as there is little weight at this time. Trip to depth according to pipe measurement.2. Pick up the first joint of tubing and make up onto the string. including the packer system. Pressure up on the string to set the packer. Pick up the other tailpipe sub-assemblies and make up them up in sequence. Rig up electric line and run a GR/CCL and correlate the string depth. Pick up the other packer accessories and install onto the packer. according to the manufacturer’s procedure. and conduct all other completion pressure and function test procedures. Pull the packer setting plug/standing valve. corresponds to the details in the completion programme and has the appropriate correct part numbers. serial numbers and certification. If the tubing is high chrome content.3. if not already set. Run in the hole at the recommended speed given by the packer supplier installing all completion components. Run in the hole and set the slips and collar clamp again. consideration must be given to a different method of depth correlation Determine spacing out for the tubing hanger and install pup joints and the tubing hanger.

p.1ft are sometimes made where the tape has been mis-read. 8. measurements should be carried out twice. can also cause unacceptable levels of stress to be imparted. While the tubing is being laid out on the pipe deck. either.01ft.2. Ensure the detergents used are in accordance with personnel Safety Policies. CHROME TUBULARS Chrome tubulars are extremely susceptible to galling and to local cold working if improperly stressed or impacted during shipping and handling. CARBON STEEL AND PLASTIC COATED TUBING 1) 2) 3) 4) Tally and number the tubing joints as soon as they are unloaded from the transport. a suitable detergent.1. Transportation Handling. and plastic coated or with rubber ends to prevent damaging the seal areas on the connections.ARPO ENI S. if at all possible. Improper handling can lead to an increase in hardness or change in mechanical properties which may result in detrimental forms of corrosion such as sulphide stress corrosion cracking and uneven corrosion. or high pressure water. Simple errors of +/. Avoid using water. Rejected joints should be clearly marked with red paint and prepared for back-loading as per API RP5A5.A. When preparing a tubing tally. COMPLETION INSTALLATION The procedures in this section describe the procedures for equipment pre-installation checking and completion installation. When a comparison of the measurements is made. blunt nosed. the pin and box threads should be cleaned with. Excessive bending during lifting of single joints. if any length is off by more than 0. steam.2. All joints must be drifted with a suitable tubing drift. 5) 6) 7) 8. All pin and box ends should be inspected for damage paying particular attention to the seal areas. 8. Drifts should be 42ins long to standard API specification. recheck the tally. and temporary storage of tubular goods will comply with Section 3 of API RP 5C1. . transportation. On the pipe rack remove the thread protectors to allow inspection and cleaning. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 68 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 8. preferably by two independent personnel with different measuring tapes. or bundles of joints.1.

Chrome tubulars will not be removed from their transport frames until arrival on the installation. Note: Webbing type strops for cargo handling is not permitted. Security of the bolts on the transport frames will be checked by a Company representative.p. Any loose tubing should also be secured by nylon straps. or an approved designate.3. 8. Where metal impact or handling devices have inadvertently been used the tubing joint will be set aside for further checking. The tubulars will be covered by nylon sheets.ARPO ENI S. Only lift tubulars with nylon strops. etc. Chains. Protection. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 69 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. shackles. and contact between individual joints during transportation. before lifting to ensure that the tubulars are secured. will be used to protect the transport frames from other cargo. including supports and tubulars of the same material.A. Transport From The Mill Chrome tubulars will be dispatched from the mill in special transport frames.2. No other cargo will be placed on top of the transport frames. such as tyres or heavy rope. and wrapped with Drilltec Econorap. and so prevent movement of the tubulars within the transport frames.4. Plastic supports will be used to support chrome tubulars and prevent rolling.2. hooks. Marine Transport • • • • The transport frames will be arranged on deck in order to prevent longitudinal movement. The transport frames will be secured using nylon straps. will not be used for handling chrome tubulars. The transport boxes are designed to prevent movement of. and may become contaminated with chlorine or other chemicals harmful to chrome tubulars. monkey wrenches. The transport frames will be removed from the wooden crates prior to shipment offshore. . Road Transport • • • The transport boxes will be properly loaded.2. The transport frames will not be stacked more than three high. • • 8. 8. The wrapping will also minimise the risk of the tubing coming into contact with seawater during transportation.5. and supported along their entire length. Handling At The Wellsite 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Chrome tubulars must not be allowed to contact other metallic material. These will be loaded into wooden crates for shipment.2.2. Wood and rope are not recommended as they tend to retain moisture.

i. Make up loss details should be sourced from manufacturer’s technical data sheets.p.767" (121. Do not use oil based solvents and wire brushes.: • • • • Clean the threads using a steam jet.6 lbs/ft 3. Where possible the pipe should be racked at a 20o incline to ensure proper drainage of water. the joint will identified with red paint. Record the joint number as per stencilled description. The diameter of the drifts will be checked regularly during the drifting operation. Apply a thin coating of Molycote to the clean threads. i. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 70 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) The recommended stacking heights for various sizes of tubing are: 7” 29 lbs/ft 6 rows 51/2” 17 lbs/ft 8 rows 41/2” 12. fails to drift. and so prevent water accumulation. The drift dimensions will be as per (API RP 5A5): 7" 29 lbs/ft 6.e.e. or if the threads are damaged.6 lbs/ft 9 rows. The supports will be properly spaced to prevent bellying of the pipe. Chrome tubulars will have sufficient supports to accommodate the weight and number of pipe.A. Extreme care should be taken at pin and box sealing areas. with the box end being raised to prevent accumulation of water in the threads. Dry the threads with compressed air.833" (97. and will be laid out with enough space for a full 360o revolution for cleaning and inspection purposes. It will then be repackaged and sent back onshore. If closed end protectors are provided then they will be installed after drifting the tubing.9 mm) 51/2 " 17 lbs/ft 4.ARPO ENI S. The tubing will be drifted from end to end using a nylock drift to API spec. 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) .059" (153. For shouldered connections measure the length from box end to the shoulder on the pin. The tubing will be measured from the end of the coupling to the pin threads by the designated Company Representative and the entire length corrected for make up loss.3 mm). and the tubing drifted with the appropriate size drift.1 mm) 41/2" 12. 7) 8) Note: 9) 10) 11) 12) If driftable open ended protectors are provided then they will be installed (after cleaning as above). If a joint is rejected for any reason. A report detailing the reason for rejection will be sent to the Workover Superintendent in the Company office. The measurements will be recorded on the tubing tally form. As each row is laid out the thread protectors will be removed and cleaned and the threads cleaned and inspected by an approved thread inspector.

By applying thread compound to the pin end only the amount extruded into the tubing as the connection is made up will be minimal. warm.A. thus minimising any build up on wireline tools. and to avoid extrusion of excess pipe dope into the tubing. etc.p. Do not use thread compounds which have been contaminated by any kind of extraneous matter. Note: A thread compound described as API Modified does not necessarily have a friction factor of 1.g. water. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 71 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. etc. solvent. whilst it is being applied. 5A2). apply thread compound sparingly to the entire pin end and to only the shoulder seal and first three threads of the box using a new. Thread Compounds Only API Modified thread compounds with a friction factor of 1 will be used as per (API Bul. snow.6. If no pipe dope applicator is available. e. it is easy to over apply the joint with thread dope. 51/2” pipe requires 55 grams or 2 ounces. ensuring that it fills the thread roots and covers the seal faces and torque shoulder adequately. When using a brush. dirt. and contamination of the formation. A thread inspector must inspect all threads. as recommended both for joint make-up. 1 ins fibre brush. Avoid contamination of the thread compound by water. It is recommended to use a new can of compound and new brushes for application Thread compound should be kept warm to ensure even distribution. dry environment away from direct sunlight. This is used on the box end. clean. drilling fluid. rain. sand.g. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Note: 7) 9) Store thread compounds in a clean. Thread compound should be applied with an automatic pipe dope applicator when available. For VAM connections the minimum quantity of dope required is given by the following relationship: • 8) Minimum weight (grams) = 10 x pipe OD (ins) e.ARPO ENI S. . Upturn the compound containers periodically while in storage to prevent solids separating out. and will apply only a thin film of thread compound.2.

Tubing slips will be dressed with low stress dies. and the man on the rig floor to guide the pin into the stabbing guide. to ensure that they are aware of their responsibilities.2.7. deck crew. The power tongs will be fitted with the correct size non-marking dies. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 72 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. After successfully stabbing the pipe the first four or five turns of the make up will be done by hand using a nylon strap wrench.2. Calibrate the tong on a spare joint of tubing. Note: 11) 12) 13) 14) Do not use a wire brush for cleaning chrome thread forms. Single joint and side door elevators will be fitted with non metallic inserts. so that no undue pull will be exerted on one side during make up.6) A non-metallic (i. All new tubulars will be supplied with Econowrap LE. 6) Note: 7) 8) 9) Use single joint pick up elevators for handling tubulars onto the drill floor. If the box was damaged consideration will be given to replacing it. crane operator. 1) 2) 3) 4) Note: 5) Padding material will be fitted to the V-door and catwalk areas to prevent damage to the tubulars. 10) After removing the thread protector the threads will be cleaned and inspected (if not already done on the pipe deck). and clearly identified (Refer to section 8.e. If the stabbing operation was unsuccessful both pin and box threads will be inspected for damage.p. Running Chrome Tubulars Before running any chrome tubulars. The joint will be lowered slowly into the stabbing guide to allow the man on the stabbing board.e. The use of chain wrenches is not permitted. i. Nylon slings wrapped around the joints will be used for lifting purposes. tong operators. drill crew. Care will be taken when setting pipe in the slips to prevent shock loading and impact damage. plastic) stabbing guide will be used to guide the pin correctly into the box. The tubulars will be transferred to the catwalk with thread protectors installed. Confirm that the torque turn analyser has been correctly set-up. a pre-job meeting will be held with all relevant personnel. Throughout the stabbing operation the pipe should be kept as vertical as possible. Apply API Modified thread compound with a friction factor of 1. Pick up lines to the single joint elevators will be arranged to allow the joint to be stabbed to hang vertically over the hole.ARPO ENI S. On no account will metal slings be used when handling chrome tubulars.2). using an automatic pipe dope applicator (Refer to section 8. Any joints with damaged threads will be laid out. 15) 16) Note: .A. If the pin was damaged the joint will be laid out. etc.

etc. Some of this scale may be LSA (low specific activity).2. If LSA scale is present closed end protectors will be installed. Final make up should be at 5 RPM. tong operators. The running speed will be limited to a maximum of 14 joints per hour. Once the thread has been broken the connection will be backed off using a strap wrench. As a field matures it is possible that scale deposition may occur in production wells. and the joints clearly identified as being LSA contaminated. The make up speed should be between 3 to 10rpm. crane operator. and will ensure that the correct action. or hooks inserted into the pin and box ends. deck crew. If possible the crane will be used to lift the joints from the rig floor to the transport boxes. and clean thread protectors installed. documentation. The designated responsible person will check all tubing joints for LSA scale contamination. Ensure that the power tongs are fitted with the correct size non-marking dies.ARPO ENI S.A. Tubing slips will be dressed with low stress dies. to ensure that they are aware of their responsibilities. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Note: 11) Note: Note: . The tubulars will be transferred from the rig floor using nylon slings wrapped around the joints. manifesting and notifications are adhered to for shipment of all LSA scale contaminated tubulars. High pressure cleaning equipment must be used in accordance with platform procedures. drill crew. The threads will be cleaned using a high pressure jet of fresh water. Retrieving Chrome Tubulars 1) Before retrieving any chrome tubulars a pre-job meeting will be held with all relevant personnel i. or a quick evaporating petroleum solvent (chlorine free). and special handling techniques and precautions will be required. Padding material will be fitted to the V-door and catwalk areas to prevent damage to the tubulars as they are being laid out. On no account will metal slings be used. and then dried.p. After inspection of the threads storage compound will be applied. The connection will be broken using a power tong at a low speed of 2 RPM. The last turns will be made using a torque turn unit with a graphical torque turn analyser to confirm the correct make up value.8. Care will be taken when setting pipe in the slips to prevent shock loading and impact damage. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 73 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 17) 18) 19) 8.e.

and will be forwarded to the Completions and Workover Superintendent in the Company office. EQUIPMENT PRE-INSTALLATION PROCEDURES The activities outlined below are to be conducted as soon as completion equipment is received on the well site to allow sufficient time to correct for damaged or missing items.A. Completion Sub Assemblies The on site equipment manufacturer’s representative will have copies of the sub-assembly drawings for identification purposes.3. Check that the equipment part numbers stamped on the equipment agree with those on the completion diagram. serial numbers and certification. report the discrepancy to the Well Operations Supervisor.2. corrosion. and SCSSVs. Clean and inspect the connections and thread protectors. The Company Supervisor shall verify that the completion equipment. If they do not agree. Refer to the specific guidelines for handling chrome tubing. This is of particular importance with nipple sub-assemblies. Check that the workshop numbering of the sub-assemblies is correct or number them for the correct running order if this has not already been done.3. gas lift mandrels. This report shall contain details of thread damage.p. 2) 3) 4) . 1) Remove the sub-assemblies from the completion basket and lay them out on the deck for inspection.. Compare the sub-assemblies with the preliminary completion diagrams provided with the individual well programme. Confirm that all sub-assemblies have the correct crossovers as required. corresponds to the details in the completion programme and has the appropriate correct part numbers. For production completions these should be located above nipples. 8. A detailed report will be prepared by the Well Operations Supervisor on the condition of the recovered tubulars.2. scale build up. 8. The final completion diagram must be corrected to depict the actual part numbers on the completion sub-assemblies. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 74 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 12) 13) 14) 15) Each joint will be clearly marked. crossovers. Injection completions will have flow couplings installed below nipples. Any joints with damaged threads will be clearly identified and laid out for back-loading in a separate transport frame.01ft. Check that flow couplings are installed in the correct places. Material Requisition Lists Confirm that all of the required completion equipment is available on site. and an 'as pulled' tally prepared by the Well Operations Supervisor.ARPO ENI S. Sub-assemblies containing chrome tubulars require special handling procedures as per section 8. etc. Reference should be made to the Material Requisition Lists provided for each individual completion. crossovers and SCSSVs. Measure the overall sub-assembly lengths and correct if in error by more than 0. Before placing the tubulars in their transport frames they will be flushed with fresh water.1. position in well of damaged tubulars.3. 8.

Landing Joint Make sure that a suitable landing joint is available. Reject any suspect items as unfit for service. Look through each sub-assembly to confirm that all test plugs have been removed.4. and condition. Confirm with the Production Superintendent that all pressure vessels and flowlines with the drop radius have been isolated have been bled off and vented. The assembly must be drifted with a suitable drift prior to each use. confirming the thread type. Control Line The control line should be visually inspected for any signs of damage received during transit and then pressure tested to 1. is available. for 15 mins. 8. Plan the method of lifting the tree in place and confirm that the required lifting equipment. check the condition of the threads before having the Wellhead Engineer make it up to the hanger. Make sure that all necessary seals and ring gaskets are available and in good condition.3. . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 75 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 8. 8.p. 8. Tubing Hanger The tubing hanger and running tool should have been prepared in the workshop. Relevant information is contained in the manufacturer’s Wellhead Manual.3.3. 1) 2) 3) Inspect and drift the assembly. Check that the bolts and ring joint are of the correct material composition.5.3. Measure the pup joint installed in the bottom of the hanger. Also check the tree orientation with the Production Supervisor.000 psi above the maximum expected wellhead pressure or maximum test pressure. Report this test on the daily drilling report. made up from pups to a length sufficient for the required stick-up above the rig floor.6. grade.3. Inspect the packer rubber and seals on the tubing anchor for any signs of damage. and that all protective wrappings and coatings are fully removed before final assembly of the completion string. Ported slick joints are available which have ports for the SCSSV control lines through the BOP stack. Ensure that no items of debris remain inside the sub-assemblies.A.ARPO ENI S. Ensure the test fluid is the same as that used in the control system. whichever is the least. including the drawworks. If the running tool was not installed previously. Xmas Tree Check that the tree components and fittings are on location.

unless otherwise stated. Both will be tested as follows: TRSCSSV Test Procedure 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) Flush the control line through with proper clean control line fluid. Complete the ‘Documentation Package’ and ensure all torque and pressure charts are included. Workshop Make-up and Test Procedures Prior to being transported. Cycle the valve open and closed to ensure proper operation. All pressure tests are to WP for 15min. For detailed technical specifications.4.4. the procedure outlined in section 8. Flowline Check with the Production Supervisor that the flowline is on site and that it is the correct length (the amount of curvature applied to coflexip flowlines is critical) and that it is ready to be connected to the Xmas Tree.ARPO ENI S. Record all component serial numbers and stencil the sub-assembly with ID number.1 should be observed. Attach the control line to the valve. 8. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 76 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8.p. 8. 8. Completion components are made up using torque turn equipment to ensure smooth make up and application of the correct amount of torque. Remove the test subs. Back up assemblies should be available and on site in case of damage/failure during running and testing. Pressure test the body to WP for 10min Close the valve and pressure test from below to WP for 10min.4. Install test subs.A. Also confirm that the tree choke valve is present on site. drifted and pressure tested in the suppliers workshop.3. assembled and pressure tested by the supplier and witnessed by a Company Representative. Drift the assembly with the API drift. . Record the volume to open the valve against the pressure and check to ensure it is within specification.1. all completion sub assemblies will be made up. Sub-Surface Safety Valves Tubing retrievable SCSSVs or wireline retrievable SCSSV landing nipples will be made up as assemblies with flow couplings and/or tubing pup joints. COMPLETION ASSEMBLIES All completion assemblies will arrive at site after being fully prepared.2. If any of the assemblies should require further work. due to damage in transit for example. see the manufacturer’s literature. open the valve and fill the assembly with test fluid.7.

8.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 77 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 WRSCSSV Test Procedure 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) Attach the control line to the nipple. Remove the test subs and retrieve the plug. Install test subs.4. The test below ensures computability of the lock mandrel and pressure integrity of the connections.4.p.A. open the valve and fill the assembly with test fluid. Drift the assembly with the API drift. Complete the ‘Documentation Package’ and ensure all torque and pressure charts are included. Side Pocket Mandrels 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Drift complete assembly with the correct size API drift. Re-drift assembly with the API drift. fill up with test fluid and pressure test the assembly to WP for 10min. Record the volume to open the valve against the pressure and check to ensure it is within specification. . Complete the ‘Documentation Package’ and ensure all torque and pressure charts are included. Install the valve in the nipple assembly. Record all component serial numbers and stencil sub assembly with the ID numbers. Install test subs. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Drift the assembly with the API drift. Close the valve and pressure test from below to WP for 10min. Wireline Nipple Assemblies Wireline nipples will normally be made up as an assembly with adjoining tubing joints or pup joints. Cycle the valve open and closed to ensure proper operation. Remove the test subs. Ensure the correct SPM valve or dummy valve is installed. 8.3. Record all component serial numbers and stencil the sub-assembly with the ID number.4. Install test subs. Set the appropriate positive plug in the landing nipple. Complete the ‘Documentation Package’ and ensure all torque and pressure charts are included. Flush the control line through with the proper clean control line fluid. fill up with test fluid and pressure test to WP for 10min both above and below the plug. Record all component serial numbers and stencil the sub-assembly with ID number.

When changing tubing sizes. Run the tubing as specified in the well completion programme. Rig tongs must never be used to make up the completion sub assemblies. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 78 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. Install the control line and pressure test to the pressure stated in the well programme for 15min. When running tubulars with control lines attached. Make sure that the appropriate retrieving/fishing tools are on site when running the completion. If running chemical injection or downhole gauge systems. Connections are to be made up with a hydraulic casing tong fitted with an internal back-up tong. build up pressure slowly. Do not over-tighten to allow movement for stretch induced by temperature changes. Pressure should be built up in a series of stages to the required maximum. Check the composition of the completion fluid at regular intervals. Do not jerk the completion string when applying the brake. Bleed off the pressure to WP and maintain this pressure whilst running in the hole. Ensure that collar clamps are used when running the tailpipe assembly. slack off the string weight with care. count all the remaining previous tubing left on the pipe rack. 8. Pay particular attention to the lines when lowering the slips. take care to ensure that the string is properly centralised to prevent stripping off the protectors. Continue running the completion to depth where the SCSSV is to be installed. and maintain the required levels in the tubing and annulus. Ensure that a safety valve is located on the rig floor complete with crossover to suit the tubing thread being run. The correct torque should be applied according to the manufacturer’s instructions.5. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) . drift the complete string using an appropriate drift.1. Make sure that this agrees with the running list. When pressure testing equipment. Extreme care should be observed when running the completion.p. If there is a problem do not proceed until it has been resolved. attach an across-coupling and mid joint protectors (one each per joint) to secure the lines to the tubing. two safety valves are required. lock mandrel or equalising sub (without packing or keys) when the packer/tailpipe assembly is suspended in the rotary table. Pressure test the tubing string to the pressure given in the well programme.A.ARPO ENI S. Drift through the complete packer/tailpipe assembly with an appropriate gauge cutter. If a two sizes of tubing are being installed.5. Drift each nipple with the appropriate standing valve. After the final space out. Secure control lines with the across-coupling and mid joint protectors. The tong should be calibrated for torque turn readings. run in the hole at a steady uniform speed and apply the brake slowly. COMPLETION RUNNING PROCEDURES General 1) Assemblies should be made up on the rig floor and landed off low in the rotary table. After lowering the slips into the rotary bushing. Make up the SCSSV. Maintain pressure for the required time and record on a suitable chart recorder.

Records of this test are to be retained in the well files. Remake any connection identified as suspect by the JAM unit.A. Hold the setting pressure for 10min. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 79 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. Pull back and space out the tubing string as required according to the log correlation results. and pressure test to the pressure stated in the well programme. pressure up to pressure test the entire completion string. The setting sequence will have been determined earlier and be described in the well programme. The SCSSV control line pressure must be increased to the appropriate pressure when conducting this test (test pressure + valve opening pressure + margin). The packer should be at setting depth. Hold the pressure until a 15min ‘straight line’ is recorded on the recorder. Do not install a standing valve. After setting the packer. Run in the completion until the packer is almost at setting depth. Check the completion running list. This should be observed at surface. Slowly pressure up the tubing to the specified differential pressure according to the programme. refer to the following sections on SCSSV installations. Pick up and run the completion assemblies as per the running list. After making up the hanger assembly. Reject tubing joints as required. an intermediate pressure test will be performed after running all the gas lift mandrels. Ensure that the correct torque is applied. All completion equipment should now be in the hole. if required. Pressure test the tubing integrity to the pressure stated in the well programme.3. 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) . Running Procedure The following is a generic procedure for a single trip packer completion. Rig up slickline and set a standing valve in the tubing nipple. if applicable. the wellhead engineer will supervise the operation of setting the hanger. Rig up electric wireline and correlate the packer setting position according to section 7. Set a standing valve in the appropriate nipple in the tailpipe. observe the pressure is stable for 15min. Pick up to shear out the tubing movement device.p. No deviation from this procedure is allowed. make sure that all remaining equipment left on deck agrees with the running list. Check continuity of electric cables. Do not exceed this pressure. and the tubing hanger should be oriented and proud of its hang off point if the tubing is to be set in compression. The completion should be run in open ended. Run back into depth for packer setting.2. Check that the packer is at the correct setting depth. Retrieve the standing valve. if applicable.ARPO ENI S. and the pack off element fully set. 1) 2) Pick up the tailpipe packer assembly. The shear screws locking the packer setting mechanism will shear with the applied tubing pressure differential. Set a standing valve in the packer tailpipe nipple.5. Run in hole with slickline and retrieve the standing valve. In gas lift completions. Pressure up the well through the production string to pressure test the packer from below. then the setting cycle of the slip mechanism will be complete. This test should be according to the programme (or the same as the casing test pressure).

An alternative procedure for testing the packer without having to remove the tailpipe plug. Reduce the pressure to the required calculated operating pressure. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 80 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 19) 20) 21) Set down and slack off string weight. Run in the hole on tubing applying the protectors at every connection and mid joint. If the well has been perforated. This operation may sometimes be carried out prior to setting the packer. cut it and connect it to the hanger control line port. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Pick up and make up the SCSSV assembly onto the completion string. keeping tension on the control line. allowing the string to self fill and checking for control line leaks. Pressure test the control line according to the pressure stated in the programme.A. land and set the surface hanger as per the manufacturer’s instructions. wrap the control line around the pup joint below the hanger to provide contingency if the line is damaged during make up and landing. Attach the remaining control line from the reel to the exit port in the hanger and pressure test the line according to the completion programme.p.5. TRSCSSV Installation Procedure When running the completion. Land off the completion. Attach the control line to the valve and cycle the valve open and closed observing that it fully opens and closes. Never rotate the tubing with control line in the hole. is to utilise a ported slick joint in the landing string on which the pipe rams or annular can be closed. When the spacing out procedure has been completed. recording the volumes required meet with specification. Pressure test the annulus according to the programme. install barriers.3. Lock and monitor the pressure in on the reel keeping the valve open as it is run in the hole preventing pressure locking. the SCSSV will be installed at the appropriate point so that it will be positioned at the correct depth when the completion string is landed off. Bleed the pressure off the control line.ARPO ENI S. This saves installation time. Lower it through the rotary table to waist height and set the slips where they will not cause any damage to the valve. 8. observe the pressure is stable for 15min. Attach an across-coupling protector at the first connection and ensure the control line is flat against the tubing and is in tension. The packer is then pressure tested by applying 500psi to the annulus. perform all hydraulic tests and close the valve prior to rigging down the BOPs. Flush through the control line from the pump manifold for a short period of time to ensure the fluid is clean. 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) . set a wireline plug in the tubing string and the plug in the tubing hanger profile.

the SCSSV landing nipple will be installed at the appropriate point so that it will be positioned at the correct depth when the completion string is landed off. pressure test and function test. WRSCSSV Installation Procedure When running the completion. When the spacing out procedure has been completed. install barriers. Run in the hole on tubing applying the protectors at every connection and mid joint. Install the Xmas tree. Reduce the pressure to the required calculated operating pressure. . 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) If direct acting SSSVs (storm chokes) are being used. Never rotate the tubing with control line in the hole.5. Flush through the control line from the pump manifold for a short period of time to ensure the fluid is clean. wrap the control line around the pup joint below the hanger to provide contingency if the line is damaged during make up and landing. Lower it through the rotary table to waist height and set the slips where they will not cause any damage to the valve. they will be calibrated and then installed also according to the procedures in the Wireline Procedures Manual. Attach the control line to the valve and pressure test the connection and the dummy seals according to the pressure in the programme. Lock and monitor the pressure in on the reel to check if any leaks occur. Continue with the Completion Programme. pulling the dummy valve and installing the SCSSV according to the procedures in the Wireline Procedures Manual.p. pressure test and function test. checking the returns are per specification ensuring the valve is fully opening and closing. Continue with the Completion Programme.4. Attach an across-coupling protector at the first connection and ensure the control line is flat against the tubing and is in tension. Cycle the SCSSV.A. cut it and connect it to the hanger control line port. Remove the control line.ARPO ENI S. perform all hydraulic tests and close the valve prior to rigging down the BOPs. Attach the remaining control line from the reel to the exit port in the hanger and pressure test the line according to the completion programme. keeping tension on the control line. this then allows tripping in the hole to space out without the control line in the hole. Remove the control line. Install the Xmas tree. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 81 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 8. Bleed the pressure off the control line. Land off the completion. An option to steps 5 through 8 is to install a check valve on the SCSSV control line port and open the valve locking in the pressure. Pick up and make up the SCSSV landing nipple assembly onto the completion string. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Install the dummy valve into the landing nipple assembly.

and is both centrally and vertically aligned.6. The procedure given below is generic but manufacturer specific procedures must be provided.p. Ensure that the correct lifting apparatus is available and has been checked. All pressure testing of energised seals should be carried out according to the procedures stipulated in the manufacturer’s manual or well programme procedures. ensuring the casing side outlet valves are open during this test. in the well programme or in technical manuals available on site. either. Tighten the bolts in the specified sequence ensuring that correct torque is applied. 8. Installation Procedures Specific procedures for installing the wellhead and Xmas tree are given in the relevant Manufacturer’s Wellhead Manual (Refer to figure 8. Pressure test the tubing hanger seals and ring joint from the test port of the flange. Ensure that a pressure tested plug is installed in the hanger before removing the BOP. Liaise with the Production Superintendent to have the choke and control lines connected. 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) . remove test apparatus. Pressure test the tubing hanger seals by pressuring through the Xmas tree bore. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 82 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 8. The test port in the flange must be open during this test to monitor for leaks. The following are general precautions which should be observed: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) All personnel are to be aware of the dangers involved in the lifting of heavy equipment. metal ring gaskets etc.a for a typical Eni-Agip wellhead and Xmas tree.A. replace the check valves and plugs. use a lifting flange on top of the Xmas tree for handling.ARPO ENI S. Check all sealing or mating surfaces for damage before they are made up.1. before commencing heavy lift operations. Ensure that all the tree valves are open before installation. Check that the tubing hanger is landed off correctly. Orientate and lower the tree into position using bolts or alignment bars in position to provide guidance. Clean all mating surfaces and ensure freedom of movement in grooves and recesses. Record all the pressures on a chart recorder for file. Use flange protectors where recommended. bleed off pressure from the test port.6. Use the block whenever possible to lower the tree. Install the flow wing and kill wing valves. When testing is complete. Close in all neighbouring wells and depressurise flowlines as necessary. All sealing elements. and the seals energised. XMAS TREE INSTALLATION The variety of Xmas trees and the various configurations are too wide to be covered in this manual. should be carefully examined for any sign of damage.

.7. the hanger plug should be removed from the tubing hanger and the tubing plug retrieved by wireline. This allows the leakage rate to be calculated and determining the leak is less than the maximum allowable leak across the valve according to API specification. by bleeding off pressure above the valve. The SCSSV routine closure test procedure will be as detailed in the Completion Design Manual. Conduct a pressure test across the closed SCSSV. Equalise pressure across the SCSSV.2. 8.ARPO ENI S.A. Depressurise the control line pressure. This is considered necessary due to changing well conditions (water cut. It also provides a more stringent test of the valves ability to hold pressure. This test should be carried out in two stages: 1) 2) With the flow and kill wing valves closed and the choke open. If there is a rapid leak. 8. Maintain the pressure differential for 30min. POST COMPLETION TEST PROCEDURES SCSSV Test Procedure Even though the frequency of SSSV testing will be determined independently for each development. be weakened as a result of regular testing. 8.1. A pre-tested wireline valve will be inserted in the nipple profile as soon as operationally practicable. and the flow wing valve and choke open.000psi pressure differential.7. cycle the valve and repeat the test. The routine closure test will be performed after the well has been closed in (not a slam shut test) as this reduces the stress on the valve component parts which will not. to a maximum of 1. recording the tubing head pressure. With the valve downstream of the choke and kill wing valve closed. Xmas Tree Valve Test Procedure The closure time of the Xmas tree. wax formation. and a copy retained in the onsite production well file. 6) 7) The results of all SCSSV tests will be forwarded to the Completion and Workover Superintendent. If an SCSSV fails the routine closure test. preferably by applying pressure from another well. the well will be returned to production/ injection. gas composition) which could adversely affect valve performance. When all tests are complete.p. The procedure is as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Close in the well using the flow wing valve. UMGV and wing valves will be checked in conjunction with the SCSSV testing. therefore. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 83 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 At this stage the Xmas tree should be API pressure tested to the required pressure against the hanger plug in the tubing hanger. open the SCSSV and return the well to production. the criteria should be reviewed periodically.7.

A .ARPO ENI S.p.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 84 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Figure 8.Typical Wellhead and Xmas Tree Assembly .

GAS LIFT INSTALLATION As nearly all gas lift designs use Side Pocket Mandrels (SPM) for gas lift valve installation. Continue with the Completion Programme. The installation procedure for the SPMs is as follows: 1) When running the tubing. MANDREL INSTALLATION On production of the gas lift design.1. Once the mandrels have been installed. 9.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 85 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 9. The valve installed at the operating depth is the ‘operating valve’ through which the gas is injected into the tubing. on reaching the tubing connection nearest the depth at which the lowest SPM should be installed. Install the mandrel onto the string and continue running tubing. 9. it will be noted that the SPM spacing is closer towards the bottom becoming wider towards the top of the hole. Ensure the SPM depths are stated in the well programme. The dummy valves are left in situ until the well is placed on gas lift when the dummies will be replaced with gas lift valves. It is essential to have them accurately positioned in the string (to within the nearest joint connection) for optimum well performance providing the gas lift design is based on accurate well parameters and well data. SPM Installation Procedure Make up the mandrel sub-assemblies as described earlier in section 8.a). 2) 3) 4) 5) . The gas lift method and applications are thoroughly described in the Completion design Manual.1. the depths of the mandrels will be specified in the well programme. The subassemblies should be checked and drifted before installation and generally are run with dummy valves installed in order that the completion string can be pressure tested from both the tubing and annulus sides. the valves can be run and installed on wireline at any time it is desired to place the well on gas lift. Repeat until all mandrels are installed.A. On reaching the connection closest for the second mandrel. the procedures in this section are concentrated on this basis and ignores earlier less effective methods (Refer to figure 9.1. The side pocket mandrel may be installed during the initial completion or during a recompletion sometime later.1. The gas lift valves installed on all upper SPMs above the operating point are termed ‘unloading valves’ and their function is to allow unloading of the annulus from completion fluid to gas lift gas. pick up the first mandrel according to the running list. Do not use pup joints to place the mandrel exactly on depth as the design is not accurate to that degree. repeat step 2.p.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 86 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Tubing Pressure Latch Packing Casing Pressure Packing Retrievable Mandrel (pressure valve shown) Figure 9.ARPO ENI S.A.p.Typical Side Pocket Mandrel .A .

Do not pressure up on the annulus as the valve allows circulation annulus to tubing. Pick up and install the operating gas lift in the lubricator. Install the gas lift valve catcher sub. . Repeat the procedure in sequence bottom to top for all the other unloading valves. Unload the well in accordance to the well specific programme. Run in the well. Pull out of the hole and retrieve the valve.p. Retrieve the catcher sub. Check the operation of all of the surface gas lift system. run in the hole and install it in the lower SPM.1. Rig down wireline. The installation running tool termed. If possible. The sequence of installation is not important but it is normal practice to install the valves from the bottom to the top. sometimes is furbished with a catcher below on the bottom of the tool but even then it is still good practice to install a catcher sub as contingency.A. The valves will be set in accordance to the gas lift design. ensure the pressure across the SPM is equalised before step 5 below. If a valve is dropped. Extra valves are usually supplied as contingency for dropping or damage during transporting and operations. a ‘kick-over’ tool. locating the lowermost SPM and pull the dummy valve. Gas Lift Valve Installation Procedure As previously stated.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 87 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 9. Normally the procedure is: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) Rig up W/L according to the ‘Wireline Procedures Manual’. Pressure up on the tubing to check the valve is correctly located. The calibration/setting of the unloading valves and operating valve is normally carried out in the workshop before shipment to the well site due to the equipment complexity. Install the kickover tool with the appropriate dummy valve pulling tool. the upper gas lift valves are unloading valves and only the lower valve is the gas lift operating valve.2. The wireline procedures for a gas lift valve installation and retrieval are fully described in the ‘Wireline Procedures Manual’ (Refer to figure 9. If a catcher is not used the valves would probably be lost into the rat hole.a). A good practice is to install a gas lift valve catcher in the bottom of the tubing below the lower SPM to catch valves which may be accidentally dropped during the wireline operations. The catcher is usually a lock mandrel set into a landing nipple with a long sump on it which will accommodate two valves. The tubing and annulus will now be in communication. operations can continue until a second valve is dropped requiring the catcher to be pulled to retrieve the dropped valves.

Most problems can be determined while the well is still gas lifting Many problems can be corrected or minimised at the surface by changing the surface parameters. Adjust the choke on the injection gas for the desired unloading rate. Desirably.A. A two pen pressure recorder should be used every time a well is unloaded. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Remove the choke from the choke tee on the production side of the Xmas tree. Make sure all valves between the well and separator are open. Continue the unloading process for all the other valves until reaching the operating valve. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 88 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 9. Should an installation fail to function satisfactorily. static bottomhole pressures and producing characteristics. Record and monitor all production and gas injection data including pressures to enable comparison of the well performance versus the design. it should be analysed carefully before changing gas lift valves. Constant observation of the well’s performance is necessary to maintain maximum production. the new installation should be based on the analysis of the previous installations. casing-tubing pressures. Well test data. flowing parameters are most commonly tools used for gas lift analysis. UNLOADING PROCEDURE Gas lift installations can be damaged in the first hour or two of unloading by uninformed or impatient operators. The gas pressure must be increased slowly during the U-tubing process to prevent high differential pressure across the top valve.ARPO ENI S. adjust the choke on the injection gas to meet with the desired production rate through the operating valve. . this differential pressure should be kept less than 100psi. All of the liquid above the top valve must go through the top valve during unloading. gas input volumes.2. Start injecting gas slowly so the gas pressure increase at the rate of 5psi/min until the gas pressure is 300psi greater than the production pressure at the wellhead Increase the gas injection rate so the pressure increases by 10psi/min until gas is circulated through the top valve. TROUBLESHOOTING Gas lift installations are designed to unload and operate with a minimum amount of manual control. The following guidelines are recommended for kicking off a continuous flow installation. If production is not as expected. Should it be necessary to pull valves. Complex software programmes are available to optimise gas lift production. The gas lift design can be optimised by making adjustments to the injection rates. flowing pressure-temperature surveys. conduct a fault finding exercise. After the well is unloaded. acoustical surveys. These observations include well tests. 9. pressures or changing the operating valve settings (by changing out the existing valve).3.p.

Transformers and switchboards are provided with lifting hooks. To avoid damage. dragging. These are: • • • • • Well preparation Site layout Equipment preparation Assembly and installation Start up of the equipment. and responsibility of the rig crew and servicemen. Installation There are five phases to every ESP installation.1. The ends of the cable should be covered or sealed to protect them from the elements.A. DOWNHOLE PUMP INSTALLATION This section contains generic procedures for downhole pump installations. Severe equipment damage can result from dropping. or bouncing the boxes. 10. Some VSD models are manufactured with pull bars. Variablespeed drives are normally skid-mounted with fork lift slots and lifting eyes. the recommended practice is to lift with a spreader bar to maintain a vertical position. test procedures. protector.1. The shipping boxes should never be lifted by the centre of the box only.ARPO ENI S. The well-preparation procedure involves determining the downhole clearance conditions. ELECTRICAL SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS There are a number of different applications and ESP installations which are fully described in the Completions Design Manual. installation and operation of a generic ESP system.p. The shipping boxes should be lifted with a spreader chain or bridled with a sling at each end. Rod Pumps and Hydraulic Pumps. The cable reel should be lifted by using an axle and a spreader bar.2. 10. Running equipment in the well and start-up procedures define the steps in equipment handling. Handling The downhole components. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 89 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 10. namely ESP. Site layout prescribes equipment and rig locations as well as size and capacity. Additional information on ESP handling and installation procedures is available in ‘API Recommended Practices for Electric Submersible Pump Installation’. This section provides recommended practice on the handling. pump. Because both safety and economic run life are dependent on correct procedures.1. . If a fork lift is used. 10. motor. and intake are usually shipped in a metal shipping box for protection. The shipping boxes are painted red on the end that should be placed towards the wellhead when the equipment is delivered to the wellsite. the forks should be long enough to support both reel rims when the reel is picked up from an end.1. the importance of following the recommended practices cannot be overemphasised.

Typical ESP Installations .Downhole Gas Separation .High-Set Packer With Annular Vent .Cable Clamps Reservoir Fluid Completion Fluid Figure 10.No SSV Or Packer .Permenant Packer Sleeve Type Deep SSCSSV . Pump . Motor 2. Seal 3.Retrievable Packer .SCSSV .Wireline Bypass . Intake/Gas Separator 4.Downhole Gas Seperation Offshore Sumersible Pumping Completions .No Downhole Gas separation .Cable .Downhole Gas Separation .Annulus SCSSV .p.SCSSV Common Components 1.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 90 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 4 3 2 1 4 3 2 1 4 4 3 2 1 3 2 1 Typical Onshore ESP Completion .SCSSV .A .ARPO ENI S.Flat Cable .

The responsibilities of this person are to ensure that there is minimum tension on the cable (the cable should be run at the same speed as the tubing). The junction box normally is located 2 to 4ft above ground level to ensure there is adequate air circulation and easy access.p. The cable junction box must be located at least 15ft from the wellhead. The cable reel or spooling truck should be positioned about 100ft from the wellhead in direct line of sight of the rig operator or driller. paraffin. if used. that the cable is kept clear of the power tongs during tubing makeup or break. and that no one stands in front of the cable reel/spooler. a scraper or reamer run should be conducted to remove the obstruction (scale. 2) 3) 4) Site Layout 1) The pulling rig should be centred over the well as close as possible. All equipment delivered to the wellsite is checked to determine that all components necessary to complete the installation have arrived and are not damaged. packers. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 91 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Well Preparation 1) Prior to beginning installation of the ESP equipment. The guide wheel should be at least 54” in diameter. One person should be responsible for the cable operation. or partially collapsed casing).ARPO ENI S. Cut-out profiled rams are available for most tubing and cable sizes. 2) 3) Equipment Preparation The ESP manufacturer’s field representative must thoroughly check all equipment before installation. etc. burrs. the well must be cleared of any tubing. The BOP. A gauge ring should be run in (particularly in 4. The ESP manufacturer’s field representative will perform the following checks and procedures. should be checked for adequate clearance as well as burrs and sharp edges. . The guide wheel/cable sheave should be secured safely to the rig mast no higher than 30 to 45ft above the wellhead. Check the switchboard for proper fuses. This will ensure adequate clearance for the ESP downhole equipment as it is run into the well. The junction box must never be located inside a building. 1) 2) 3) Remove the shipping box covers and record all component serial numbers from name plates Check the casing. If gauging indicates tight spots. wellhead and pack-off materials. rods.5” casing) to below the setting depth of the downhole equipment. This is very important in small-diameter casing because cable damage can be caused by burrs and sharp edges catching cable bands. The casing flange and wellhead should be examined for burrs and sharp edges. potential transformer set-up. They should be installed in the BOP for well control in the event of a kick during equipment installation.A.. that would prevent the downhole equipment from reaching target depth. During installation his responsibility is to supervise the pulling and/or running of the downhole equipment. The switchboard must be located a minimum of 50ft from the wellhead and 35ft min from the junction box. and current transformer ratios.

A. 15) Once the run-in procedures are completed and final electrical tests completed. test the cable integrity and complete the other completion operations. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 92 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Check all couplings for shaft diameter and spline match. Check the flat cable length. As much information as possible should be gathered to aid in specific identification of problems and appropriate remedial actions. 16) The switchboard settings will be performed and verified by the manufacturer’s specialist according to the conditions expected for each well. and flat cable pothead. power cable. Assembly And Installation Procedures Once the equipment. Mechanically check the free rotation of downhole components. 7) Terminate the cable to any pre-made up pigtails through packers. 11) Terminate the cable to the hanger pigtail. etc. size. and pump. and verification procedures are completed. protector.ARPO ENI S. Check the electrical connection and test the motor. Check the power cable and flat cable with instruments and a high voltage megger. Start the pump. Check power transformers for correct primary and secondary voltage rating Confirm that the pump design setting depth and capacity match the well conditions and the specification in the Completion Programme.p. Fluid pump-up time. Fill the motor/protector assembly with motor oil. The manufacturer’s field representative must direct the assembly and check the equipment as it is being run-in. Check that the shaft is centred correctly (as impact can cause misalignment). This will help ensure that subsequent ESP installations will provide satisfactory run life. 12) Land the hanger. 17) Phase rotation should be checked carefully to ensure that the pump will rotate in the correct direction. 9) Splice the cable or repair any damaged cable. 19) The quantity of production oil. and pothead type. gas. . 8) Clamp the cable to tubing string with protectors. load and no-load voltage and amperage on each phase must be recorded. the assembly and installation of the downhole equipment can begin. A careful study should be made on any pump installation that does not produce at the designed rates. 18) Monitor the wellhead pressure while the string is still full of completion fluid to verify correct pump operation. cable. the manufacturer’s representative will complete the electrical connections. 6) Run the pump in the hole installing all the various completion assemblies. 14) Complete the flowline connections. 13) Connect the power cable to junction box and switchboard. The steps of assembly and checks of equipment can be summarised as follows 1) 2) 3) 4) Assemble the motor. 5) Check the torque of connecting bolts is correct (use spring washers to prevent loosing of the bolts). intake. and water should be monitored on start up and regularly for the time required to achieve stability. 10) Test the cable continuity and isolation at various depths as it is being run.

If the equipment failure is judged to be premature. obtaining as much data as possible is essential. flat cable.4.1. weekly for the first month. balance. the condition of cable. negative sequence voltages. is by data collection.ARPO ENI S. operating BHP is equally if not more important. Information also should be obtained on: • • • • • • Ammeter charts Well conditions (abrasives. When problems occur.) BHT recordings When an ESP well is first placed on production. H2S.) Visual observations of equipment and cable condition on prior workovers Reasons for equipment workover (failure. pump rotation. Troubleshooting This section outlines a recommendations to identify typical ESP problems and provide solutions. The sole method that a failure can be analysed and its cause determined. A number of changes in operating conditions can be diagnosed by interpreting ammeter records. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 93 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 10. If a downhole pressure instrument is installed. The recording ammeter is a circular strip-chart accessory mounted in the switchboard that records the amperage drawn by the ESP motor. 10. etc. etc. The major source of information when troubleshooting an ESP installation is the recording ammeter. and motor/protector fluid will be useful in determining the cause of the failure.) Electric power quality (surges. workover. size change. and gas rates) Run life in days Number of unit start ups and stoppages Dynamic and static fluid levels Pump setting depth Perforation depths. The following addresses ammeter chart ‘reading’ and typical problem situations.1.p. Data Collection Information that should be routinely compiled on each ESP installation includes: • • • • • • Production data (such as water. corrosives.3. sags. data should be collected daily for the first week.A. etc. Pulling Procedure Pulling the equipment out of a well involves essentially the reverse process of the installation procedure. . Production data during the first month are very important because they will indicate whether the pump is performing as designed. and a minimum of monthly after the first month. oil.

then the pump should be replaced with a pump that does not draw down the fluid level or reduce intake pressure below the bubble-point. Another possible solution is to add a variable speed drive (VSD) to the existing system. as long as the curve is symmetric and consistent over a period of time. Ammeter spikes also can occur during a thunderstorm that is accompanied by lightning strikes. however. There are three possible remedies for gas locking: • • • Install a gas intake and/or a motor shroud Lower the setting depth of the pump (but not lower than the perforation unless the motor is shrouded) Reduce the production rate of the pump by using a surface choke (but ensure that the production rate remains within the recommended range for that pump). which in turn controls the pump capacity. . Actual operation may be. then a stimulation operation may be considered to reinstate the original PI and therefore allow operation of the current ESP design. slightly above or below the specification amperage. This is principally a result of the fluid level being drawn down to the design TDH. or near to the motor specification amperage draw. with amperage at. The VSD controls the speed of the pump. This load usually occurs when starting up another ESP or other large electric motor. The most common cause of this type of fluctuation is a periodic heavy load on the primary power system. Normal Start-up The start-up ‘spike’ is caused by the inrush surge as the pump comes up to operating speed. If system voltage fluctuates. Simultaneous start-up of several motors should be avoided to minimise the impact on the primary power system. resulting in a high but declining amperage draw. If the problem is confirmed to be due to reservoir conditions. Thus the pump output can be fine-tuned to protect against pump-off and gas lock while contributing to improved pump life. the ESP amperage will fluctuate inversely to maintain a constant load. Gas Locking Gas locking occurs as fluid level drawdown approaches the pump intake and intake pressure is lower than the bubble-point.p.ARPO ENI S.A. It is entirely feasible that none of these solutions is satisfactory. The subsequent amperage draw is high but trending towards the normal level. operation is considered normal. Using the modern variable speed units this problem has been overcome. Power Fluctuations Operating ESP amperage will vary inversely with voltage. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 94 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Normal Operation A normal chart is smooth. either.

However. scale. As a temporary measure. the amount of time delay before automatic restart can be increased if the switchboard is equipped with a Redalert Motor Controller. cycling an ESP will have an adverse effect on optimal run life. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 95 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Fluid Pump-Off Fluid pump-off occurs typically when an ESP is too large in relation to the inflow capacity of the well. Typically. spikes are normally lower or below the normal amperage line. A restart attempt in an overload condition can destroy the downhole equipment if the cause of the overload is not identified and corrected first. in addition. The most common causes of overload conditions are: • Fluid pump-off • Increased fluid specific gravity • Sand production • Emulsion formation • Scale • Electric power supply problems • Worn equipment • Lightning damage Many of the problems outlined above have been reduced due to the use of VSD. Overload Shutdown A pump will automatically shut down when it reaches an overload condition. ranging from 1 to 5 secs at 500% of the set point to 2 to 30 secs at 200% of the set point.A. Solids and Debris When solids or debris are produced in a well. The fluctuations are caused by the frequent. This is also typical of emulsion conditions. or weighted mud are produced. when solids such as sand. Generally this condition results in a reduction of stock tank barrels in relation to the pump design rate. Gassy Conditions Or Emulsion Continuos amperage fluctuation results from alternating free gas and heavy fluid pumping. This may allow the fluid volume to build up to prevent a high frequency of shutdown occurrence.ARPO ENI S. Nevertheless. The remedial actions are much the same as those listed for a gas lock and. . If it is an emulsion block. temporary blockage of the pump intake. Some motor controller overload-detection circuits contain a built-in time delay. a well simulation treatment may increase the well’s productivity closer to a match with the pump. In general. When an overload condition shutdown does occur the unit must not be restarted until the cause of the overload has been identified and corrected. they will not automatically restart the unit on an overload condition. special care must be taken on start-up to avoid pump damage. It may be necessary to apply back-pressure on the well to prevent excess amperage until the kill fluid is removed and/or sand production begins to decline to a safe volume. the pump and well are not compatible and the pump size should be checked on the next change-out or the well worked over to improve productivity.p. the amperage will display fluctuations immediately after start-up.

2. Tubing String Installation The well specific and pump manufacturer’s installation procedures should be provided in the well programme. Continue running tubing until reaching the design depth. Completion Installation There are two common types of completion string configurations which are described in the ‘Completion Design Manual’.3. 10. ROD PUMPS There are two separate phases to a rod pump completion. Attach the tubing hanger and landing joint. pull the tubing into tension and set the tubing hanger.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 96 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 10.2. whichever is applicable. Rig up the test head and pressure test the valve and tubing to the pressure specified in the well programme. If the tubing is to be set in neutral. Rig down wireline. Rig up wireline and make a drift run with a gauge cutter. 10. There are also two types of pumps designs. Prepare the rig for running the completion string. and place in the rotary table setting the slips with a dog collar. Ensure all the completion assemblies have been pressure tested. and begin running in the hole. set the tubing anchor. run to the calculated depth which will apply the correct tension. either.A.2). in the tubing (tubing installed pump) or run in on the sucker rods (rod installed pump).2. (Refer to figure 10. the installation of the completion tubing string and the installation of the rod pump and power mover.2. or barrel nipple. Pressure test the tubing hanger. If the tubing is to be placed in tension to prevent tubing movement. function tested and drifted. The installation procedures for both options are described below. where the barrel is installed.ARPO ENI S. A tubing anchor counters tubing movement caused by the reciprocation of the rods and pump plunger within the tubing and pump barrel saving wear and tear. Run and install the standing valve. Ensure the tubing has been properly cleaned and drifted and the connections inspected for damage. The first is when the tubing is simply suspended in the well from a tubing hanger and the other is run with a tubing anchor to anchor the bottom end of the tubing string. make up to the barrel. Pick up the first joint of tubing. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) .b). 1) Prepare the hole for the completion by conducting any stimulation operations and ensuring the well completion fluid is clean and in proper condition (Refer to section 4.1. land off the hanger then set the tubing anchor.2. Prepare the tubing for running as per section 7. Pick up the tubing anchor and tubing anchor assemblies. Pick up and make up the pump barrel assembly or the pump barrel landing nipple assembly (if the pump barrel is installed on the rods).

ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 97 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Tubing Sucker Rods Working Barrel Plunger Travelling Valve Working Barrel (Heavy Wall) Standing Valve Shoe Tubing Pump Rod Pump Figure 10.Types of Bottom Hole Rod Pumps .B .p.A.

HYDRAULIC PUMPS There are three main types of hydraulic pump installations. Prepare the rig for running the sucker rods. Optimise the pump speed to maximise stable production flowing conditions. The installation procedures are addressed below.ARPO ENI S.2. Conduct tests on the mover to ensure its correct operation prior to connection to the polished rods. Bolt down the prime mover. Connect up the flowline to the production facility. Pressure test according to the programme. Attach the bridle and carrier bar to the polished rod and adjust to the correct height/stroke position. Ensure that the rods and pump assemblies have been properly checked and tested. Begin the pump commissioning process bringing the well onstream. jet pump. run very slowly in the hole and tag the barrel confirming the depth correlates correctly.A. Pull back to space out the rods so that the polished rod will be positioned correctly through the stuffing box. Connect the annulus gas outlet line into the flowline. Suspend the polished rod and move the rig off the well. Make up the stuffing box to the wellhead and pressure test through the flowline against the standing valve. Bring in the prime mover. Run the plunger in the hole on the rods. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 98 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 10. locate and check the position of the horse head over the well centre. Clear the area to allow the prime mover to be positioned. When near the barrel or barrel landing nipple. Monitor that the initial produced fluid volumes is as per the design. . Collect data of production and prime mover current consumption. turbine pump and the piston pump.p. Pick up the pump plunger (with or without the pump barrel) and set in the rotary table. Pick up the first sucker rod and make up to the pump plunger. The applications and installation methods for each of these is fully described in the ‘Completion Design Manual’. Rod Installation 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 10. Attached the polished rods and stuffing box.3.3.

3. Install the required shifting tool to open the SSD or expose the port in a ported landing nipple. function and pressure test. Begin pumping slowly gradually increasing the rate. the well would need to be re-completed as a dual or concentric completion. and commission.ARPO ENI S. Check for communication by pumping on the annulus or tubing. If a second tubing string was to be employed. A completion in not usually specifically designed for jet pump lift but is designed for both natural flow and with the jet pump ported landing nipple or SSD installed for contingency during later well life. power fluid pressure and volume requirements. Gather all pump and production data and analyse the data to ensure the pump system is performing within the design parameters. Jet Pump Jet pumps are usually installed in a ported receptacle such as a wireline ported landing nipple or a sliding side door as communication between the tubing and annulus is necessary to provide a flow path for the power fluid. Pull out of the hole and rig down wireline.p. and production target. A pump design will have been produced specifying the pump nozzle size.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 99 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 10.1. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Install all surface jet pump facilities. make connection to the annulus. Install the jet pump having ensured it is correctly set up and attached to the proper lock mandrel. Rig up wireline on the well according to the procedures in the ‘Wireline Procedures manual’. Run in the hole and set it in the receptacle. The flow areas of the completion. . also need to be considered in the design stage for the efficiency of the pump design. Jet pump designs include the use of the annulus or a second tubing string to deliver the power fluid to the pump. Optimise pump performance by tuning the injection pressure to obtain the highest possible stable flowing production. monitoring and measuring power fluid returns and production rates. This may involve retrieval of the jet pump and changing the nozzle size. however. The major work to convert to jet pump is in the provision and recycling of the power fluid which will require additional pumping facilities in conjunction with separation equipment to recover the power fluid. Pull out of the hole.

Hydraulic Pump Design Options .ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 100 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Figure 10.A.p.C .

The completion design options.3. The procedure for installation of the pump and commissioning is the same as the jet pump. However the installation of the downhole turbine pump usually requires re-completion of the well as the pump is tubing installed and retrieved. Turbine Pump The surface facilities described for the jet pump apply to the turbine pump also.3.ARPO ENI S. Scheduled maintenance change-outs of the pump should be planned as the pump design is more complex than the jet pump and more susceptible to wear and tear. Piston Pump The piston pump completion procedure is exactly like that of the jet pump except that a positive piston pump is installed into the ported receptacle. 10. .2.c).p. could require a second flow conduit (Refer to figure 10. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 101 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 10.3. the flow path area is more critical to pump capacity and efficiency. As the turbine pump is capable of pumping much higher volumes than the jet pump.A.

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SUBSEA COMPLETIONS
The design and installation procedures for subsea wells is significantly different from land and platform wells. Although the downhole completion equipment is generally the same, the subsea wellhead and subsea Xmas tree systems are totally different and are also manufacturer specific. Similarly, well interventions methods from floating vessels are much more complex requiring specialised well intervention or workover systems. In today’s technology, there are two main types of subsea Xmas tree and intervention systems termed ‘Conventional’ and ‘Horizontal’. The conventional subsea completion system utilises a Xmas tree with valving configurations similar to dual surface Xmas trees, to which a dedicated well intervention riser, run from the vessel, can be attached. After latching to the subsea Xmas tree and testing the integrity of the system, well servicing operations such as wireline and coiled tubing can be safely conducted through the riser into the wellbore. This riser system is also utilised for the installation and retrieval of the subsea tree. This design, however, has some drawbacks in that the dedicated riser systems are extremely costly to purchase and maintain, especially for fields with only a few wells over which to share the costs. Nowadays, some standardisation has been adopted between manufacturers and riser systems which are adaptable to various manufacturers subsea trees are offered on a rental basis, however their availability at critical times may not always be guaranteed. Further to this, in order to re-complete or workover a well, the conventional system requires the subsea tree to be recovered and a marine riser system deployed to be able to pull the completion string. A less costly alternative to the conventional subsea tree system, is the ‘Horizontal’ (sometimes refereed to as ‘Spool’) system. This only requires the use a conventional drilling marine BOP riser system for re-completion or workover. Tie-back strings and tooling back to surface are deployed through the riser to enable access to the tubing bores. The horizontal system design uses a casing head spool through which casing and the completion string can be installed (with the tree production valves equivalent to two master valves on the horizontal flowline bore). This enables re-completion or workover operations to be conducted without having to pull the subsea tree and without having to purchase a dedicated riser system. The drawback of these systems is the complexity of the re-entry tools used inside the marine riser for wellbore re-entry (dual subsea tree, tubing running tool, etc.). Note: As subsea completion systems designs and procedures are specific to the project/manufacturer, the conventional Cooper system is described in this section which was used on the Eni-Agip UK Toni Field which is typical example of a subsea completion system.

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SUBSEA EQUIPMENT PRE-DEPLOYMENT TESTING Refer to specific field downhole, and subsea completion equipment, contained in the completion programme. The pre-deployment procedures given in this section are intended to be generic, however some designations or abbreviations used may tend to reflect the Eni-Agip UK Toni development which was the first development on the T-block.

11.1.1. Guidewire Establishment Tool Guidewires can be run and attached to the guideposts separately by lowering the latches attached with a suitable clump weight and having a diver or ROV aligning them to each post, in turn. The alternative method is to use a guidewire establishment tool. This tool is simply a frame deployed on drill pipe which correctly spaces out the latches and attaches all four guidewires at once after a diver or ROV has aligned the frame. • • • The tool should be checked to ensure it has not been damaged and is intact. Check that the connectors fit the tool. Check the lower/pulling pad eyes and shackles, etc.

An alternative guidewire running tool for use in deep water, combines a camera and guide frame deployed on drillpipe which is steered by fluid jets. Pumping down the drillpipe steers the tool via the jetting nozzles, and the camera allows the observation of the positioning and orientation of the collet connector above the guide post. One draw back of this tool is the ability to run only one guideline connector at a time. The tool should be checked to ensure that it has not been damaged and is intact. • Check that the connectors fit the tool. • Check the nozzles operate correctly. • Attach the camera umbilical and ensure the camera is operational. 11.1.2. Guidewire Latchess Ensure that the collet latches are in good serviceable condition and that the guidewires have been correctly attached. Ensure that contingency attachment and retrieval procedures are available in the event a post is damaged, unless retrievable guideposts are installed (Refer to section 11.1.3). 11.1.3. Diverless Guideposts Diverless guideposts are run and installed in the permanent guidebase or production guidebase and should be check prior to running. • • Check the latching mechanisms or post retainer pins to observe that they are fully operational (by ROV). Check the latching profiles on the posts to ensure they are not corroded or damaged.

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11.1.4. Casing Hanger Elevation Test Tool Some systems have an elevation test tool to check the casing hanger has been correctly installed. It is run through the drilling riser to check the hanger before committing to pulling the BOP stack. The tool usually consists of a locating shoulder and lead impression blocks which when landed off and pumped out will establish the vertical position of the hanger in the wellhead, once the impressions are inspected and measured. With this type of tool it is necessary to close the divertor or a set of pipe rams and pressurise the annulus to 500psi to ensure full retraction of the impression blocks. • Ensure the impression block system is operative and set in the retracted running position. Check the connection and that any crossovers required, are on hand.

11.1.5. Tubing Hanger System The tubing hanger assembly consists of the hanger and a pup joint, typically 10ft long, and necessitates the hanger stand being located over a suitable hole in the deck or drill floor. A typical configuration of tubing hanger equipment including the running tool, prior to running, is shown in figure 11.a. The following sequence of pre-deployment testing is typical for a tubing hanger. 1) Locate the tubing hanger stand in a suitable location over a hole on the deck for the pup joint/joints. This location must be within the reach of a crane which can access the derrick V-doors. Proceed to set up the seals, inspect and check the tubing hanger as per the manufacturer’s operating manual. In addition, note the following: • Ensure that anti-rotation pins are fitted. • Check that the hanger bores are clean and undamaged. • Check landing nipple profiles where fitted. • Check that the correct orientation key is fitted, if applicable. • Grease the appropriate parts of the hanger lock-down parts. • Fit the control line tubing connectors to the tubing hanger. • Inspect electrical cable tails where fitted. • There is a considerable risk of causing damage to the tubing hanger nose seal area when installing or retrieving a hanger in the tubing hanger stand, therefore, the hanger should be installed in the stand a minimum number of times. When preparation of the tubing hanger is complete, leave the tubing hanger in the tubing hanger stand or remove the hanger from the stand and lay back down in its shipping box. Protect the tubing hanger from mechanical and weather damage.

2)

3)

ARPO ENI S.A.Typical Tubing Hanger Configuration Prior to Running .A . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 105 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Figure 11.p.

1. The following tests are required to test the integrity of the system. Tests. Test the function lines. if possible. connected to the utility umbilical. and involves stack-up of the THRT on the tubing hanger and utilises the test stands. whilst other systems have a single run/set and orientation tool. usually to NAS 1638 class 6 or better. For setting up of the orientation of the THRT/THOJ refer to the Manufacturer’s Operations Manual.A. Afterwards the THRT and tubing hanger assembly will remain as one unit stored on the rig floor. Install the THRT in its stand and test. Move the THRT and stand up to the rig floor. These will cover the following aspects: • • • Cleanliness of the hydraulic systems meets with the specification. either on the rig deck or drill floor. A second or back-up system must be available for testing.ARPO ENI S. . Pre-deployment testing may be performed. Check and position the tubing hanger body seal. especially the sub-surface safety valve line. Position the THRT tool stand. according to the manufacturer’s operating procedures manual. (THOJ). Some systems have the THRT and THOJ as separate tools. Hook up the utility umbilical. Move the THOJ to the rig floor with the handling tool and make up to THRT. Check the THOJ and flush through the tool. Run through the rotary and make up to enough joints of tubing or 5” DP to stand the assembly back in the derrick. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 106 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. Install the tubing hanger in the tubing hanger stand over a suitable hole in the deck. Pressure integrity and operation of all hydraulic lines from the panel to the tubing hanger. Operation of all of the THRT functions. Return the complete assembly to the deck and test.6. return the complete tool to the rig floor. The testing procedure can be modified as long as the overall testing requirements are satisfied: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) Check the tubing hanger in its shipping box (Refer to previous section). Tubing Hanger Running/Orientation Tools This section details the pre-testing of a typical production tubing hanger running tool system consisting of the following items of equipment (shown with common abbreviations): • • Tubing Hanger Running Tool.p. Stand back in the derrick. (THRT) Tubing Hanger Orientation Tool. Interface test and flush the THRT with the tubing hanger in the stand. Before running the tubing. will be required to verify the integrity of the system.

all TH lines must be flushed to the correct cleanliness specification. Unlock the tubing hanger. Ensure that the hanger top face is protected against damage and weather. proceed to remove the tool from it’s stand and interface it with the tubing hanger according to the operating procedures. Refer to the specific manufacturer’s Operation and Maintenance Manual for additional instructions. Cap the pre-installed fittings in each bore in the bottom of the tubing hanger and pressure test each line. Using hotlines connected to the THRT. Proceed to function and pressure test. install the tubing hanger in it’s stand. Leave the tubing hanger in it’s stand and remove the electrical connector. Check the orientation key function and that the correct key is selected to ensure correct orientation of the hanger. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) . Fill the TH/THRT cavity. Perform LATCH/UNLATCH and LOCK/UNLOCK tests. Ensure that all seal pockets are clean and lubricated with control fluid. if not already fitted.ARPO ENI S. to enable a peripheral test to be conducted and the connector to be tested. Install the running tool back onto the stand. The TH/THRT interface should now be tested (by chart or gauge) in order to verify the interface and all functions. Additionally. (Beware of damaging any nose seal components against the tubing hanger stand). It should be noted that pressure tests conducted through flexible hoses will be subject to some pressure decay caused by umbilical expansion. Secure and vent all pressure to the THRT. Interface THRT with the Tubing Hanger 1) If not already done. All site received inspections and ECR punch list items relating to this equipment must have been satisfactorily addressed before proceeding. an acceptable pressure decay should be established during chart recorded tests. Install a connector (or dummy) into the top of the downhole pressure transducer bore. Pick up and land in the nose protector. Perform THRT preparation according to the Manufacturer’s Operating Manual. Pump control fluid through the sub-surface safety valve line and injection lines to check continuity. The tubing hanger must be in the locked position prior to this activity. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 107 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 These activities are described in more detail in the following sections.A.p. Disconnect the THRT from the tubing hanger. For this reason. THRT Preparation 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Locate the THRT stand adjacent to the tubing hanger stand on the rig deck and within hot-line range of the control panel.

THOJ and THRT Interface Tests 1) Temporarily connect the utility umbilical to the THOJ. hook up the utility or test umbilical to the top and circulate/flush as necessary to achieve the required hydraulic cleanliness. If necessary. Pick up the prepared THOJ and pre-fitted handling tool and make up to the THRT checking all seals and connectors. etc. seals and alignment pins and replace as necessary. Recheck all seals at the base of the THRT after testing. Check the downhole pressure transducer connector. test the THOJ/THRT interface during the electrical test and record on a chart. Check all faces. Check that there is no evidence of orientation sleeve and slot damage.p. replace as necessary and refit the nose protector. Vent all pressure after the testing. 2) 3) 4) 5) Function and test all lines. Fit the handling tool to the top end of the joint. Check the downhole pressure transducer connectors. 2) 3) 4) Connect THOJ to THRT (if required) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The THRT and its nose protector must be moved to a position close to the rotary table to enable stabbing of the orientation joint. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 108 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 THOJ Preparation 1) Check end connections and seals when horizontally located on the deck. WARNING: Do not bend the umbilical beyond it’s minimum specified bend radius. 6) .ARPO ENI S. securing the umbilical termination. Fit the flushing tool to the bottom end of the joint. Check the orientation sleeve securement pins and field welds for damage or distortion. Pick up the assembly and return to the test area on the deck where access to the utility umbilical is available. Check the transducer connections for continuity and resistance from the utility reel to the lower end of the running tool. Insert a test plug in each of the lower end stab pockets in turn and pressure test and flush to specification.A. Disconnect the utility or test umbilical and cover/protect any quick couplers.

stand the assembly back in the derrick and secure to protect from unnecessary damage. Mechanical probes. the final pressure and function tests of the lines from the panel to running tool can be performed in order to save time later. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 109 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Make Up and Testing the THOJ/THRT 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Make-up a handling string of tubing joints or 5” drillpipe and lay down on the catwalk. WARNING: Do not bend the umbilical beyond it’s minimum specified bend radius. Connect up the utility umbilical.A. The THOJ/THRT assembly is now ready for use. Note: Some subsea tree designs have extension subs that can be shimmed and/or slide within seal pockets to adjust for any incorrect stack up heights of the casing hanger or tubing hanger assemblies.1. This ensures that the subsea Xmas tree’s stabs will correctly align with the bores in the hanger thus saving them from being damaged if misaligned or if the tubing hanger is set too high. Ensure that hydraulic contamination is minimised during hook-up. with regards to orientation and height. ensuring minimum contamination to the hydraulic system. Tubing Hanger Verification Tool The tubing hanger verification tool is used to check the positioning of the hanger within the wellhead after being set. Protect hoses as much as possible by tying back to the riser pipes. Fit a hose protector if provided. Make-up the handling string of tubing joints or drillpipe to the riser handling tool. Typically this adjustment is limited to a maximum of 1 to 2ins. When stood back. 11. Pick up the assembly. Pick up the riser handling tool/THOJ/THRT assembly and move to the rig floor.p. • • • The tool’s probes or shear sleeves must be set and pinned according the Manufacturer’s Operating Manual.ARPO ENI S. If diver assist.7. Disconnect the utility umbilical from the THOJ. 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) Ensure the umbilical clamps are a tight fit. lead impression blocks are all used in various tool designs with some being diver assist. taking extreme care not to damage the electronic/hydraulic quick couplers when pulling out. sleeves. While handling the sheave and paying out the umbilical. Care should be exercised so as not to accidentally clash with other equipment and inadvertently move the probes or sleeves thus giving a false indication/impression. Ensure that the installed clamp dimensions are within the BOP diameter. . until the couplers are 3ft above the rotary table. the diver must be fully versed in the tool operation. Umbilical tails must be plaited as necessary to take up any excess length and to provide protection.

1.1. function and pressure tested on deck to verify equipment performance prior to running. a Site Received Test should have been performed. the equipment will be stacked. Note: The manufacturer’s Operation and Maintenance manual should be followed for detailed specific procedures. 11. is addressed in the following sections. Thereafter.p. up to the end of the main and utility umbilicals.A. pre-deployment testing should commence as defined below. Assuming that all the necessary equipment is available. i. Preparation of this equipment. SRTs are complete and ECR Punch Lists are acceptable. annulus and flowline bores.8. Pre-test activities should be performed on deck and conducted according to a plan provided in the well programme. • Profiles should be inspected for any damage. .e. Tubing Hanger Isolation Plugs The tubing hanger isolation plugs are wireline installed and are described in the specific well programme. Subsea Tree And Workover Equipment This section describes in outline the pre-test activities to be performed on: • Subsea Xmas Tree (XT) • Lower Riser Package (LRP) • Tree Running Tool (TRT) or Emergency Disconnect Package (EDP) • Tree Cap • Tree Cap Running Tool (TCRT). After each of the above items is loaded onto the rig. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned.9. production. 1) Place the XT on the XT test base and the tree cap on the LRP test base ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. XT XT + XT BASE = XT BASE 2) TCRT TCRT CAP CAP + LRP BASE = LRP BASE 3) Test the XT/XT base interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. 4) Integrate the XT and tree cap ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. AX/VX gasket. Flush the control lines to the specified cleanliness standard. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 110 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11.ARPO ENI S.

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1)

Test production, annulus bores and peripheral area. TCRT CAP TCRT CAP XT XT BASE

XT 7) 8) 9)

XT + = BASE Flush all XT and cap control lines. Pressure test lines. Assemble the Subsea Control Module (SCM) to the tree assembly ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. TCRT CAP SCM

TCRT CAP

SCM XT + = XT XT BASE XT BASE 10) Function and test via the Portable Electronic Simulator Unit (PESU): • • • 11) DHPTT and sensor readings Platform PCS commands and shutdown sequences Hydro-test both sides of actuated valves.

If the LRP and TRT control fluids are acceptably clean, stack p as shown and test the interface ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. TRT LRP LRP BASE Flush all lines. Hook up to Workover Control System (WOCS) and perform: • • • Pressure test of bores and AX/VX cavities Pressure test of control lines at TRT/LRP interface Hydro-test both sides of LRP valves. + LRP BASE + TRT =

LRP

12)

13)

Integrate the LRP on the XT assembly ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. SCM TCRT CAP + TRT LRP = XT XT BASE TRT LRP SCM

TCRT CAP XT XT BASE

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14)

Pressure and/or function test through the WOCS: • • • LRP AX/VX line, production and annulus bores. All XT/LRP control lines. Ensure that any accumulators fitted to the LRP are charged and charging following functioning of the valves supplied by the accumulator. The accumulator vent function (to the sea or to an atmospheric cylinder to improve valve response times) should be checked on surface.

15) 16)

Drift production and annulus bores through entire stack-up. Re-check SCM functions by operating against the LRP.

This completes the XT/SCM/LRP/TRT preparation. Flushing XT and Tree Cap 1) 2) 3) Prepare the XT for interfacing with the tree test base in accordance with the Manufacturer’s Operating Manual. Completely fill the production and annulus flowline hub bores with water. Lift the tree using the handling tool and lock the XT onto the XT test base using hotlines ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. Flush and sample the lines as necessary. Clean the tree control lines to the specified cleanliness to enable the tree and cap to be interfaced. This step may be omitted if the tree is known to be clean through previous flushing. Hydraulic cleanliness must be verified by sampling 3 lines at random within each assembly. All three samples must all meet hydraulic cleanliness criteria. The combined XT and cap will be flushed together later. This activity should be conducted with the assistance of a tree schematic which will show all the lines on the tree. 5) Hotline open the ASV and AMV and drift the tree production bore valves. Close the valves after drifting. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. Pressure test the XT/test stump interfaces through the test skid lines. If required, hook up the DHPTT simulator to the electrical lines emerging from the base of the tubing hanger simulator and check. Fill the tree and test stump with water to aid later testing when the cap is installed on the tree by using hotlines to open all necessary valves. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. Bleed air from test stump connections as necessary. Prepare the tree cap on the maintenance stand for interface with the LRP/Tree cap test and flushing skid. Tree cap flushing may be omitted if the cap is known to be clean from previous flushing. Hydraulic cleanliness must be verified by sampling any

4)

Note:

6) 7) 8)

9) 10)

Note:

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3 lines at random. All three samples must meet with hydraulic cleanliness criteria. 11) Place the cap on the cap test and flush stand and pressure test the production and annulus bores ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. Prepare the cap for TCRT interface according to the Manufacturer’s Operating Manual. Prepare the TCRT according to the Manufacturer’s Manual. Install the test sub into the top of the TCRT and torque up tight on the drill floor. Install a 15ft pup joint above the sub. Use hotlines or the TCRT umbilical to function and pressure test the tool. There is no hydraulic cleanliness requirement for this equipment. Leave the pressure locked in the tool running string.

12) 13) 14) 15) 16) Note: 17)

XT Cap Installation on Tree 1) Pick up the TCRT using the lifting sub and interface with the XT according to the Manufacturer’s Operating Manual ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Check the cap position indicator and adjust as necessary. Pressure test the TCRT/Tree Cap/XT interface. Be sure to vent adjacent volumes during the test. After the test, vent pressure from the TCRT running string. Leave the XT Base/XT/Tree Cap/TCRT as a stack up for further testing. Do not remove the TCRT.

2) 3)

Flushing and Testing the XT and Tree Cap Hydraulic Lines 1) 2) 3) Use clean hotlines on the tree to flush all lines on the assembled XT and tree cap to the specified cleanliness. Flush the methanol line by opening the necessary valves using a hotline. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. Pressure test all control lines to the working pressures stated in the operating manual using a test pump and chart recorder. Visually check for leaks. Extreme care must be exercised to avoid inadvertently over-pressuring return lines. This can occur if the return relief isolation valves are closed or the return line is blocked when functioning valves. Over pressurisation can be avoided by ensuring that the return line relief isolation valve on the trees are open during testing activities.

Note:

When hydraulic line cleanliness is satisfactory. Pick up the LRP using slings or the tree handling tool and land over the LRP/Tree cap test skid. Ensure that the WOCS is fully flushed and tested. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. wash down couplers with solvent and check all TRT seals in preparation for interface with the LRP/Tree cap test and flushing skid. Ensure that a lifting sub has been torqued into a TRT drill pipe adapter on the drill floor. Check the hydraulic cleanliness of any 3 TRT control lines and. 4) 5) 6) Note: 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) WARNING: Do not bend the umbilical beyond it’s minimum bend radius. Check the AX/VX gasket and replace. Use hotlines to lock the LRP to the skid ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Pick up the SCM. Flush the control lines through the skid until the required cleanliness is achieved.p. if better or equal to specification. The seals and gaskets will be rechecked later before stacking the LRP/TRT onto the tree. This is a very critical activity and extreme care must be taken to avoid damage. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. and without the use of the SCM running tool. 12) Pick up the TRT and carefully set over the LRP ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. no further flushing will be necessary before integration with the LRP. if necessary. This is the final opportunity to install a new gasket in the TRT. Check and replace production and annulus lower stab seals. Install the LRP on the stand. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned. If not. Remove the TRT from the stand and set on the deck. Check both LRP connector stab seals and replace as necessary. Assuming that no flushing of the TRT in isolation is necessary. Pick up the TRT and land on the stand. check all the connections.A. if necessary. 13) . remove the tree handling tool. land on the XT mobile mounting base (MMB) ensuring that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Lock the SCM to the MMB by setting weight on the locking bar. Replace the TRT AX/VX gasket with a new gasket. then connect the main umbilical to the TRT. 3) Prepare the LRP and TRT 1) 2) 3) Assemble the TRT drill pipe adapter to the TRT. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 114 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Integrate Tree/Tree Cap with Surface Control Module (SCM) and Test Stump 1) 2) Ensure the SCM has been fully inspected and tested upon the SCM test and flushing skid according to the relevant procedures. Perform a brief pressure gauge test of the LRP/Test skid hub interface to obtain confidence in the interface sealing. Test the LRP and TRT connector control lines.ARPO ENI S.

10. Pressure test and chart record either side of the LRP valves. Test all the functions per the Operating Manual. Prepare the tree as per the Manufacturer’s Operations Manual. Open the LRP valves. Hydro-test the production and annulus bores. Open the LRP XOV. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. Test the LRP AX/VX gasket.1. Verify LCP status. 1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) . Open all the LRP valves and fill the LRP with water. • Pick up the LRP/TRT stack from the test flushing stand and carefully land on the tree in the correct orientation. Because of line expansion and effects from adjacent lines in the umbilical. perform a hydro-test. At the LRP/tree cap test stump. Install the LRP/TRT onto the XT Remove the tree cap from the tree then lift up the TCRT to remove the cap. Land the Tree Cap/TCRT on the deck. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 115 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) Flush the combined LRP/TRT as a unit. The LRP/TRT/WOCS system is now tested as a unit and is ready to be integrated with the tree. inconsistent supply and return flows can occasionally be experienced. There is no need to separate these items. Test XT/LRP/TRT Stack Note: Throughout all tests check that return flows generally match and that there is no visible return line leakage. Vent all pressure after the tests and check that all LRP valves are closed. Test and chart record the TRT AX/VX test. checking that the ROV faces correspond. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. (Refer to Section 8 for details on WOCS).p. Ensure that the connectors are fully unlocked prior to interface and correctly locked following interface. Pressure test the SCSSV1 line.ARPO ENI S. Pressure test the LRP AX/VX cavity.A. 11. Lift the LRP/TRT stack from the LRP/Tree cap test skid using the TRT drill pipe adapter and place it onto the test/flushing stand: Prepare the underside of the LRP for final assembly on the tree. Fill the tree above the swab valves with water. Connector indicator pins should be observed to be correctly positioned.

Also check visually for leaks. zero the LCP and return flow meters and monitor. then close the tree AX/VX test line isolation valve. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel. Measure the depth from the top of the TRT to the test base production and annulus pockets and mark drift lines accordingly. Replace the TRT drill pipe adapter on the top of the TRT. Pressure test the tree connector AX/VX line. If necessary. Close the valves after drifting is complete. At the LCP. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 116 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) Pressure test the tree AX/VX line. Drift Tree/LRP/TRT Stack 1) Check that all LCP functions are vented at the LCP with the exception of: Function Status TRT connector LRP connector ESD supply 2) 3) LOCK LOCK at correct pressure Remove the TRT drill pipe adapter.p. Pressure test below the tree AX/VX isolation valve.ARPO ENI S. Drift the Tree/LRP/TRT stack from top to bottom with the drifts specified in the manual.A. Pressure test below the seals and controlled landing blind stabs in the base of the tree. open the tree AX/VX test isolation valve to prove HPP to test base continuity. operate the following functions in the order shown: Valve Function IUMV OPEN IWV OPEN AMV OPEN AWV OPEN XOV OPEN When pressure has stabilised. Check line continuity. After the test. . 10) 11) 12) 13) Pressure test the SCSSV1 line from above and below. Valve indicator pins where fitted should be observed for correct action and travel: • • • • • • LRP PV LRP AV ISV ASV IUMV AMV 4) 5) 6) 7) Check that the manual PLMV is open. Close valves after the test. Vent lines on the tree test stump to drain the bores of test water. Open the following vertical bore valves. clear the bores of excess grease using a rubber disc on drain rods.

Ensure sufficient riser handling tools are available and check connectors and connection seals. stress joint and surface joint are present.A. At the LCP. Pick up the full Tree/LRP/TRT stack with the main umbilical attached. Remove the protectors and check the connectors and connection seals for damage and replace. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 117 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Final Tree/LRP/TRT Preparation 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Refit the TRT drill pipe adapter to the top of the tree assembly. Set the tree manual valves as per the Operating Manual. 11. When all checks are complete. if necessary.11. Replace the protectors. lock the tree to the mandrel. Ensure the connections are suitably covered in grease for weather protection. . Ensure riser handling tools have current certification. unlock the flowline and wellhead connectors. taking extreme care not to exceed the minimum umbilical bend radius or over-stress the umbilical attachment point on the TRT. pick up the Tree/LRP/TRT/main umbilical stack.1. Replace all gaskets and seals in the underside of the wellhead and flowline connectors. Production Riser 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Carefully remove the sections of riser from the shipping baskets and lay out on the pipe rack. When landed on a handling/support hub. Flush the SCSSV1 and AX/VX test lines from the LCP to the tree test stump. Remove the TRT drill pipe adapter in preparation for later fitting of the stress joint. Verify visually that the wellhead and flowline connectors are unlocked.p. Land the assembly in the correct orientation on the handling/support skid. Check that all joints. Perform a final pre-submergence check according to the Operating Manual.ARPO ENI S. 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) Summary of Tree System Pre-deployment Testing A summary of the pre-deployment testing should be confirmed by checking off the checks/tests in a table. and land out on the handling/support hub or skid beams. Verify LCP status for other functions.

lock in the pressure at the umbilical reel and disconnect the umbilical jumper. making up the THRT umbilical if not already made up. If long bails are utilised. Repeat the procedure ensuring the depth remains the same. Assemble well control crossovers to the safety or Kelly cock valves and clearly mark for easy identification. 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) . DEPLOYMENT PROCEDURES The following procedures are guidelines only and therefore engineers must ensure that equipment specific procedures from the manufacturer’s Operating Manuals are used for equipment deployment. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 118 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11.2.1.A. If coiled tubing services are required later. 11. Pick up the THRT/THOJ/handling sub assembly and install on to a dummy or used hanger. 11. Set aside in an easily accessible place on the drill floor. Hydraulically activate the orientation key and slowly lower the handling string observing for orientation of the string. Rig up the torque/turn analysis with powered tubing tongs equipped with integral back up tongs and stand back in the derrick.p. ensure they are located. Tubing protectors must be removed placed in a basket immediately when removed from running joints. Surface Xmas Tree The surface Xmas tree or terminal head should be removed from the shipping frame and all valves tested from above and below to working pressure. Repeat the procedure if it is felt there may be any uncertainty. Run in the hole and on the compensator. Running The Completion And Tubing Hanger 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Clear the rig floor of all non-essential tools and equipment. Position the electrical cable/control line protectors in a drum on the rig floor and use only from the drum as required. Ensure that the lift frame (if applicable) has been shipped and is undamaged. These items may be stored out of the way until immediately before they are required.ARPO ENI S. Check that the lifting frame will not clash with the derrick structure. it is recommended that a lift frame be utilised rather than long bails. Move the TH handling string dual handling equipment to the rig floor. Rig up the dual landing string elevators. Attaching the umbilical to the strings. If the string does not turn. identified and have current certification. Where wireline adapters are fitted to the crown flange ensure that the necessary seals are in good order and any required crossovers are like wise identified. check the depth is the same as found in step 10 above.1.2. run in the hole on drillpipe/tubing stands.12. apply a chain tong and check that it is correctly engaged in the slot. Pull up until the tool is 10ft above the orientation key/slot (for whichever type of system is being used. gently tag the hanger in the wellhead recording the exact depth that the weight drops off and marking the pipe at the rotary table. Lock the THRT to the hanger.

Rig down the dual elevators and rig up the single completion handling equipment. open the rams and pull the landing string. Rig up wireline and plug the well for BOP removal according to the well programme. 16) 17) 18) . strap the pipe if necessary. locking pressure in all the correct functions. Check the depth marks on the landing string confirming proper depth location. Pressure test the SCSSSV control line on the control panel. conduct the spacing out operations or install the hanger/THRT assembly. Check with chain tongs that the orientation slot is engaged. activate the orientation mechanism and lower the hanger until soft landing into the wellhead. run the TH orientation or verification tool.500psi. usually 1. Check that the TH seals have not been damaged and install the protection cap. Pick up the allocated TH and pack off into the rotary table and attach the THRT/THOJ to the hanger. Conduct the final tubing pressure test and any other necessary tests according to the Operating Manual. Observe the paint on the THOJ and for signs on the dummy hanger that it was properly positioned. according to the completion design and procedures in the well programme. Ensure the completion sub-assemblies have been laid out in correct running order and appropriately numbered. Bleed off the test pressure. Check electrical continuity. Repeat the procedure only if absolutely necessary as damage to the control line or cable may be caused by cycling in and out of the hole.A.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 119 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) If necessary to check the ram sealing ability on the THOJ. Run the string to the hanger installation point and. When 10ft above the hang off point. Close the blind rams and disconnect the dummy hanger. Run the completion string to depth on the hanger landing strings. Unlatch the running tool from the hanger and retrieve the landing string to surface. proceed with the hanger setting and testing procedures as per the manufacturer’s Operating Procedures Manual which will test: • Production string • Annulus string • Above the hanger • Below the hanger • All control or injection lines • DHPTT cable. Ensuring all the completion string weight has been hung off. Painting the THOJ white will give confirmation that the tool has been correctly positioned within the stack. Stand the complete assembly back in the derrick. close the rams. Refer to completion installation procedures in section 8. If applicable.ARPO ENI S. install the safety valves on the landing strings and test down the kill line to the appropriate pressure. Terminate and connect up the control line and electrical cable.

2. . Pull The Drilling BOPs Displace the riser to seawater and pull the stack as per the Eni-Agip Drilling Procedures Manual. 11.ARPO ENI S. The arrangement of these are shown in figure 11. Tree Cap.b.1. Subsea Xmas tree and workover riser. Workover Controls Equipment This section describes in outline the pre-test activities to be performed on: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Workover Hydraulic Power Pack (HPP) Local Control Panel (LCP) Remote Control Panel (RCP) Remote ESD Panel (RESDP) Surface Tree ESD Panel (STESDP) Main Workover Umbilical Reel (MUR) Utility Workover Umbilical Reel (UUR) TCR Umbilical Reel (TUR) Hydraulic Interconnection Jumpers Electrical Interconnection Jumpers ESD Radio Link Remote Telemetry Unit (RTU) ESD Radio Link Battery Unit ESD Radio Link Antennae ‘A’ and ‘B’. Production Controls Equipment This section describes in outline the pre-test activities to be performed on: • • • • Subsea Control Module (SCM) Subsea Control Module Running Tool (SCMRT) Subsea Control Module Flushing and Testing Unit (SCMFTU) Portable Electronic Simulator Unit (PESU). Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 120 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11.3.3.3.A. The WOCS usually operates on three modes to accommodate running or retrieving: a) b) c) Tubing Hanger System. The pre-deployment test procedures for both systems is detailed in the following sections. 11. It is then to be tested to confirm operation before use.2. WORKOVER TESTING AND PRODUCTION CONTROLS SYSTEM PRE-DEPLOYMENT 11.2. a Site Received Test should first be performed.p. After each of the items are received onboard.

3.Antenna 'A' ENI S.B .p.A.3. WOCS Pre-Deployment Testing Remote ESD Panel Hydraulic Power Control Lines SXT Control Lines Air Supply Hydraulic Power IDENTIFICATION CODE STAP -P-1-M-7120 Figure 11. Agip Division ESD Radio Link Antenna 'B' ARPO SXT ESD Panel Battery Safe Area LCP RCP Elecrtical Supply HPP 11.Typical WOCS Layout Utility Umbilical Reel TCRT Umbilical Reel Air SCM RT THOJ Air XT THRT Control Lines Main Umbilical Reel 0 Air TRT PAGE LRP TCRT REVISION 121 OF 192 XT .

ARPO ENI S. Ensure the HPP has sufficient reserves of control fluid. Check the operation of all reel air motors. and TUR. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 122 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 All tests will be in accordance to the manufacturer’s Operating and Maintenance Manual and should meet the guidelines below. Check the operation of the RESDP functions. Ensure they are properly earthed. Hook up to the HPP with the jumpers to the MUR and UUR. . Check the operation of the LCP functions. UUR. adjustable controls and switches.p. Check the operation of the LCP functions. Note: During the following tasks the subsea ESD accumulator should re-charge after each ESD test. Check the operation of the RCP functions. System Test Procedure Check and prepare the hydraulic supply panel as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) Ensure that all Site Received Inspections have been carried out and that ECR punch lists have been actioned. These should be appropriately marked or locked to ensure they are not accidentally disconnected. Check the operation of the MUR functions. RESDP. but not TCRT umbilical lines. WOCS ESD Tests This procedure tests the workover ESD function using the LCP. Check the operation of the UUR functions. Hook up the RCP. STESDP and RTU. RCP and RESDP panels and should be conducted after the full stack up integrity tests described in Section 7. Locate and secure all equipment in the locations shown in the Well Programme. Connect air supplies to the MUR. Establish the radio link with the Tiffany platform and function test. Check the operation of the STESDP functions. and that accumulators are fully charged.10. Connect the electrical jumpers. but allow 5min between tests to provide sufficient time for re-charging.A. Flush and test all control lines within jumpers and umbilicals. Attach dedicated air and electrical supplies to the HPP. Check the status of all valves.

Verify at the LCP gauges. RCP. a) Verify that the following valves close: • • • LRP PV LRP XOV LRP AV. Enable the RCP at the LCP and re-open all the actuated valves as per step 1 above at the RCP.p. Check that the LCP and tree is correctly set according to the Manufacturers Instruction Manual.ARPO ENI S. Record that the operating time until the last valve closes is according to the time specified in the manual and within tolerance. Also check that the ESD supply is fully charged. and RESDP switch off.A. . c) Verify that the next set of valves close: • PUMV • AMV Record that the operating time until the last valve closes is according to the time specified in the manual and within tolerance. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 123 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Perform WOCS ESD sequences as follows: 1) Ensure that the ESD accumulator on the LRP is fully charged and attach a suitable range pressure gauge to the SCSSV1 line on the tree test stump. Operate the workover ESD. Depress the workover ESD push-button at the LCP. Verify that the workover ESD lamps at the LCP. SCSSV1 test base gauge and by visual inspection. Unlock the workover ESD push-button at the LCP. e) f) g) h) 3) Verify that the SCSSV1 line depressurises at the correct time after the workover ESD button was pressed on the LCP. reset push-button on the LCP after the ESD sequence is completed. b) Verify that the next set of valves close: • • • • • • • PWV AWV XOV PSV ASV Methanol Injection Valve Scale inhibitor Injection Valve. 2) Record that the operating time until the last valve closes is according to the time specified in the manual and within tolerance.

Verify that the workover ESD lamps at the LCP. Verify that the workover ESD lamps at the LCP.9. RCP and RESDP switch off. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 124 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) Depress the workover ESD push-button at the RCP. 5) 6) Disable the RCP at the LCP.A. Verify at the LCP gauges. Function Test the Tree through the PESU Hook-Up 1) 2) 3) Using the dedicated electrical cable provided. Re-open all the actuated valves as per step 1 overleaf at the LCP.4. HP and return hydraulic lines to the tree test stump bulkhead plate taking supplies from either the HPP or the outboard end of either the main or utility umbilical jumpers.3. Connect up LP. SCSSV1 test base gauge and by visual inspection.p. after the ESD sequence is completed. set up the PESU and hook up to the tree test stump electrical connection plate. Production Controls Pre-Deployment Testing This test sequence must be done during the pre-deployment testing on the subsea tree in section 11. a) Valve closure should be identical to that monitored in step 2 overleaf. Depress the workover ESD push-button at the remote ESD panel. and RESDP switch off. b) c) d) Unlock the workover ESD push-button at the RCP. RCP. Operate the workover ESD reset push-button on the LCP. Also check that the ESD supply is fully charged. 4) . Power up the tree hydraulically. 11. Power up the system and perform electrical checks. after the ESD sequence is completed. a) Valve closure should be identical to that monitored in step 2 overleaf. Operate the workover ESD reset push-button on the LCP. b) c) d) Unlock the workover ESD push-button at the remote ESD panel.1.ARPO ENI S.

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ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

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Check Sensors 1) Configure the PESU as a surface unit with the supplier’s protocol. Send a BREAK STATE REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A. Verify that all valves and indicators are shown as ‘OK’. Send an ANALOGUE DATA REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A. Verify that all transmitters are indicated as ‘(tick)’. Verify that readings for Annulus Pressure and Production Pressure are correct. Ensure that the bores are vented at the block elbows by opening the wing valves, hence ensuring pressure is not locked in. Injection Pressure Ambient pressure = __________ barg PESU reading Converted PESU reading = = __________ mA
350 x (PESU reading diff. from 4.00) 16

2) 3)

= (Acceptance criterion is +/- 2.2 bar) Annulus Pressure Ambient pressure PESU reading Converted PESU reading =

__________ barg

350 x (PESU reading diff. from 4.00) 16

= =

__________ barg __________ mA __________ barg

(Acceptance criterion is +/- 2.2 bar) 4)

=

Verify that reading for production temperature is correct by comparing it against a calibrated mercury-in-glass thermometer. Mercury-in-glass thermometer reading (Calibrated thermometer to be accurate to +/-0.5 oC) PESU reading Converted PESU reading = = _________ mA _________ oC
350 x (PESU reading diff. from 4.00) 16

_________oC

=

(Acceptance criterion is +/- 1.1 degrees C) 5) 6) 7) Switch on the DHPTT Simulator and set it to PANEX: 32 mA. Send a number of DHPTT DATA REQUEST COMMANDS to SEM A until a DHPTT DATA MESSAGE is received. Select Range Option 1 on the DHPTT Simulator, wait 20 seconds for stabilisation and send a DHPTT DATA REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A. Check that valid data is received (i.e. the same frequencies as shown in the DHPTT simulator). Repeat for Range Option 2.

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Functional Tests using SEM A Complete the following tests on the PUMV, then repeat them for the SCSSV1, PWV, AMV, AWV, XOV, SIV and MIV. a) Note: Record the results of these tests in table 11.a The operation of the SCSSV1 will be simulated by monitoring/manipulating a needle valve/gauge on the SCSSV1 at the tree test base.

Take the opportunity to check the tree valve position indicators during these tests. 1) Check the displayed readings of LP supply and return volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND. If the readings are not zero, transmit commands to RESET the readings. Record that the readings have been reset in the table. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to open the Production Tree valve specified in the table. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that the tree gate valve is indicated in the OPEN position. Obtain the displayed readings of LP supply and return volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND and record readings in the table. Check on the XT that the valve actuator has moved to the energised position. In the case of the simulated SCSSV1 valve, check on the gauge on the hook-up line coming from the tree test stump that the line has been energised. Transmit RESET FLOW COUNTER COMMANDS to reset the LP supply and return volumes. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to close the production tree valve. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that the tree gate valve is now indicated in the CLOSED position. Obtain the displayed readings of LP supply and return volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND and record readings in the table 11.a. Check on the XT that the valve actuator has moved to the de-energised position. In the case of the simulated SCSSV1 valve, check the needle valve/gauge on the tree test base.

2) 3) 4) 5)

6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

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ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

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TREE No: . . . . . . . . . IUMV

SEM A FUNCTION TESTS SCSSV1 IWV AMV AWV XOV

Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Open Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator on Check Tree for Actuator on Check for visible signs of leakage Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Close Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator Off Check Tree for Actuator Off NAME SIGNATURE DATE SERVICE COMPANY: AGIP: Table 11.A - Function Test of Production Valves (SEM A)

Check on the tree that the PWV valve actuator has moved to the de-energised position. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to open the PUMV valve. . Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the SCSSV1 valve is now indicated in the CLOSED position.ARPO ENI S. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to open the SCSSV1 valve. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the PUMV valve is indicated in the OPEN position. Check on the tree that the PUMV valve actuator has moved to the energised position.b.A. Function Test using SEM B Record the results of these tests in table 11. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the SCSSV1 valve is indicated in the OPEN position. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 128 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. Check the gauge on the tree test base that the SCSSV1 line has been energised. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to close the open PWV valve. Check on the tree that the PWV valve actuator has moved to the energised position. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) Set the PESU to operate SEM B.5. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the PWV valve is now indicated in the CLOSED position. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the PUMV valve is now indicated in the CLOSED position. Check the gauge on the tree test base that the line has been de-energised. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to close the open SCSSV1 valve. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to close the open PUMV valve. Check on the Tree that the PUMV valve actuator has moved to the de-energised position. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM B and check that the PWV valve is now indicated in the OPEN position.p.3. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to open the PWV valve.

ARPO ENI S. . . IUMV SEM B FUNCTION TESTS SCSSV1 IWV AMV AWV XOV Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Open Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator on Check Tree for Actuator on Check for visible signs of leakage Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Close Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator Off Check Tree for Actuator Off NAME SIGNATURE DATE SERVICE COMPANY: ENI-AGIP: Table 11. .Function Test of Production Valves (SEM B) .p.A. . .B . . . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 129 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 TREE No: . .

Send an FSR to verify. Send an FSR to verify. . Confirm that the valves on the tree follow the same sequence. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that all valves are indicated in the open position.ARPO ENI S. Simulate a Level 2 Shutdown by transmitting VALVE COMMAND as follows: • • • • • • • 5) CLOSE PWV After 5sec CLOSE AWV After 5sec CLOSE AMV After 5sec CLOSE CV After 5sec CLOSE PUMV After 5sec CLOSE SIV After 5sec CLOSE MIV. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that all valves are indicated in the open position.p. Confirm that the valves on the tree follow the same sequence.A. Check that all valves on the Xmas tree are energised. Simulation of Level 3 and Level 4 Shutdowns 1) 2) 3) 4) Transmit VALVE COMMANDS to open all production and chemical injection valves. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that all valves are indicated in the open position. Check that all valves on the tree are energised. 5) Simulation of Level 2 Shutdown 1) 2) 3) 4) Transmit VALVE COMMANDS to open all production and chemical injection valves. Simulate a Level 1 Shutdown by transmitting VALVE COMMANDS as follows: • CLOSE PWV • After 20sec CLOSE PUMV. Simulate Level 3 and Level 4 Shutdowns by transmitting VALVE COMMANDS as follows: • • • • • • • • 5) CLOSE PWV After 5sec CLOSE AWV After 5sec CLOSE AMV After 5sec CLOSE CV After 5sec CLOSE PUMV After 5sec CLOSE SIV After 5sec CLOSE MIV After 5sec CLOSE SCSSV1. Check that all valves on the XT are energised. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 130 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Simulation of Level 1 Shutdown 1) 2) 3) 4) Transmit VALVE COMMANDS to open all production and chemical injection valves. Send an FSR to verify. Confirm that the valves on the tree follow the same sequence.

Function Production Pressure Annulus Pressure Production Temperature DHPTT 3) Verify SCM valve functions using SEM A. Pressure Test Tree Valves This section describes the procedure for pressure testing each side of every valve on the tree.3. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 131 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. Check tree sensors also according to section 11.ARPO ENI S.a and check off each test performed on chart in table 11. .e. Check valve functions in the following order: Check • IUMV • SCSSV1 • IWV • AMV • AWV • XOV.6. the tree valves will not function when operated through the SCM and PESU. however.3.4. As the LRP is installed to the top of the tree. When tests are complete.4.3. vent down the LP and HP supplies and power down the SCM. Leave all functions vented. the SCM/MMB interface should also be checked during these tests for leakage. Record the results in table 11.p. Recheck SCM Operation Re-test SCM functions against the blanked snaptite couplers at the top of the tree as follows: 1) 2) Check that the PESU and hydraulic supplies are hooked up per section 11. however. valve control will be effected from the PESU. In all cases.d. This is achieved by monitoring the flow of hydraulic fluid at the PESU. valve supply lines will be pressurised up to the tree receiver plate and the SCM will give a 'pressurised' status for that line. and tests must be chart recorded.A. 1) 2) 3) Test the valves according to the sequence shown in table 11. The XT/Tree cap controls interfaces will have been previously tested. This activity should be performed according to the Manufacturers Operating Manual but with the tree connected to the tree test base and the tree cap and SCM installed. The SCSSV1 and tree AX test line manual isolation valves will be tested later when the LRP/TRT are stacked on the tree.

A. ILMV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Lines according to the Operating Manual) IUMV and AMV From Below AWV.ARPO ENI S.C . ILMV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Lines according to the Operating Manual) IWV. ILMV. ILMV Monitor at: (Lines according to the Operating Manual) Pressurise From: (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (NOTE: Actual tree has left hand Injection bore) Test No. XOV. ILMV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Lines according to the Operating Manual) ILMV From Above As Test No. 6 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Test No. 7 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: IUMV From Above. IUMV. IWV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Line according to the Operating Manual) AMV From Above AWV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Line according to the Operating Manual) Table 11. close ILMV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Line according to the Operating Manual) IWV. ASV and AWV From Below IUMV.Valve Test Sequence . IUMV. 3 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Test No. 2. AMV (Lines according to the Operating Manual) (Lines according to the Operating Manual) ILMV From Below IUMV. 2a Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Test No. then open IUMV. 2 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Hold and continue with Test 2A Test No. 1 ISV & ASV From Above Open valves: AMV. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 132 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Test No. AWV and XOV From Above AWV. 5 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Test No.p. ISV & XOV From Below IWV. 4 Open valves: Monitor at: Pressurise from: Test No.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 133 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Valve Above/ Below A B A B A B A B A B A B A B PROD ANN Test Ref. If the readings are not zero.p. e) f) g) h) Transmit RESET FLOW COUNTER COMMANDS to reset the LP supply and return volumes. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that the tree gate valve is now indicated in the CLOSED position.e.Valve Test Check List 4) Proceed as follows for the PUMV: a) Check the displayed readings of the LP supply and return volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND. Send a FUNCTION/STATUS REQUEST COMMAND to SEM A and check that the tree gate valve is indicated in the OPEN position. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to close the Production Tree valve. Obtain the displayed readings of LP Supply and Return Volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND and record readings in table 11. transmit commands to RESET the readings. The readings will not be representative as the tree cap is not fitted. Transmit a VALVE COMMAND to open the Production Tree valve specified in the table.e. 2A 6 2 4 3 5 1 2 7 4 3 5 1 5 2 3 Pressure Sensor Readings PESU LP Flow (ML leakage) Completed ILMV IUMV IWV ISV AMV AWV ASV XOV Table 11.ARPO ENI S. Record that the readings have been reset in the table. b) c) d) Note: .A. Obtain the displayed readings of LP supply and return volumes by sending an ANALOG DATA REQUEST COMMAND and record the readings in the table 11.D .

. Repeat step 4 above using SEM B. . . power down the SCM. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 134 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 5) 6) 7) Repeat for the remaining valves.ARPO ENI S. both electrically and hydraulically. . . similarly tabulating results in Table . SEM A IUMV Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Open Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator on Check for visible signs of leakage Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Close Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator Off Table 11. .A. .E .Functional Test of SCM (SEM A) SCSSV1 IWV AMV AWV XOV TREE No: . . .p. At the end of the tests.

. . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 135 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 TREE No: . . .p. IUMV Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Open Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator on Check for visible signs of leakage Reset LP Supply and Return Flowmeters Send Close Command to SEM (Record Operating Time) LP Supply Flowmeter Reading Return Flowmeter Reading Check Screen for Actuator Off SEM B SCSSV1 IWV AMV AWV XOV Table 11.Functional Test of SCM (SEM B) 8) Repeat for the remaining valves.ARPO ENI S.A. . .F . . . .

Lower the riser adapter and stress joint through the rotary table and make up to the TRT. lower the riser until the tree is approx. Pressure test all seals and function test as per the Operations Manual.1.A. Activate the tree connector unlock and release it from the stump. On the compensator. Pressure test the surface tree and riser against the LRP valves.p. Lock the tree connector to the wellhead and observe the indicator by ROV. Transfer the riser weight to the tensioners and maintain a top tension as per the figures from the Operations Manual. Run and pull the wireline plugs.1 and the specific Operations Manuals has been fully completed. . Unplugging The Well 1) 2) Rig up wireline and pressure test. Pull off enough umbilical for landing off the tree and reconnect the jumper hose. This tool is also sometimes used to jet out above the hanger prior to running the tree.4. Move the tree/LRP/TRT assembly directly under the rotary table on the moonpool trolley. Pick up the complete assembly and install the guidewires. the permanent guidebase. move the rig over the well and gently lower and soft land the tree on the wellhead. RUNNING THE SUBSEA XMAS TREE Ensure all pre-deployment testing in accordance to the guidelines in 11. Open all the tree bore valves and LRP valves. Lock pressure in other connectors as necessary per the Operations Manual.ARPO ENI S. Connect up the main umbilical and sheaves hanging them from a pre-selected fixing point. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 136 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. ensuring the proper orientation of the assembly to the guidewires and. 1) If the hanger orientation or verification tool is a post BOP removal type. Ensure the rig is position over the safe deployment area (at least 50 ft away from any wellhead). hence. Function all tree hydraulic valves to check for proper operation confirmed by the ROV. Lower the riser through the rotary and land off on the riser spider. Proceed and run the tree on riser sections clamping the umbilical to the riser below the rig floor over the safe deployment area. Remove the stump and moonpool trolley. Conduct an overpull to confirm the connector is properly engaged. Lock them open at the umbilical reel then disconnect the jumper umbilical.4. Pressure test the riser adapter by applying pressure through the riser bores via the test sub against the LRP valves. run the tool and check the hanger. Install the surface tree and lift frame. long bails or strops. Land the upper tension joint on the spider which will position the tree +/-30ft above the wellhead. Remove the test sub and open the tree bore and LRP valves. 10ft above the wellhead. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 11.

Lower the LRP onto the stump and lock using a hotline if necessary.2. refer to the completion section 12.1. Bring the well onstream through the surface well test package and clean the well up testing the DHPTT. To create an underbalance and conduct the well clean up. Attach the cap to the LRP.A. 11. move the LRP stump below the LRP on the BOP transfer trolley. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11. bleed off pressure in the production bore and inflow test the plugs. Disconnect The LRP And Tree Running Tool 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Disconnect all control jumpers and umbilicals. Pull the riser. Perforating And Well clean-Up The normal shut-in and flow will be performed through the surface tree while the gate valve on the lower master is designed to cut wireline and coiled tubing in the case of an emergency. .p. Attach the TRT lift cap to the TRT mandrel. 1) 2) 3) 4) Initiate perforating operations. When the LRP reaches surface with the stress joint through the rotary table. Displace the riser to seawater and close the LRP XOV. Close in the well at surface. Pick up the LRP from the tree and rig down the surface tree and surface riser joint. Close the tree swab and upper master valve.ARPO ENI S. Set the TRT on it’s storage frame. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 137 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11. Install wireline plugs for temporary suspension and commissioning activities on the tree and flowlines. Close the lower master by ROV. Set down weight (Refer to the Operating Manual) and unlock the LRP connector.5. Check the valves are closed by ROV camera. Unlock the TRT from the LRP and pick up the TRT from the LRP.5. PULLING THE LRP 1) After installing the wireline plugs. Move the LRP/tree running tool to the storage/work area. Disconnect all control jumpers and umbilicals. Disconnect the stress joint and pull to the drill floor.4.

11. Run drillpipe through the rotary table and connect to the IF sub on the TCRT. Run the cap to depth on drillpipe and on the compensator land the tree cap onto the tree.7. The TCRT will be connected to the tree cap ready for deployment. Rig down the TCRT onto the BOP trolley and move to the storage area. DEPLOYMENT AFTER COMMISSIONING ACTIVITIES Repeat procedures above in reverse for the removal of the tree cap. Figure 11.A. DEPLOYMENT OF THE TREE CAP 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Rig up the THOJ/tree cap umbilical reeler to the WOCS and connect to the tree cap running tool. Install the guidelines and pick up the TCRT/tree cap and remove the trolley. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 138 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 11.Cooper Subsea Xmas Tree on WS II Wellhead . Conduct all integrity tests to ensure the cap is properly installed including a pull test.6. Move the TCRT/cap to below the rotary table on the BOP transport trolley.C . Unlatch the TCRT from the tree cap and retrieve to surface.p. reconnection of the riser system for wireline plug removal and bringing the well into production.ARPO ENI S. Rig down the control system.

It is normal practice to circulate an underbalanced fluid into the tubing using a circulating device or coiled tubing service. The procedures for circulation are given in this section. To enable the well to produce under natural flow conditions (i. diesel or nitrogen. If it is planned to place the maximum amount of fluid in the well to obtain the highest drawdown. The fluid used is usually selected to provide as large drawdown as possible at low cost. pressure test these lines against the side outlet valves with a pump. If losses have occurred during the drilling and completion phases. the hydrostatic pressure in the tubing needs to be reduced to such an extent that the replenishing losses flowing back into the wellbore does not kill the well again.000psi above the maximum anticipated wellhead pressure or to WP. It may be prudent to leave or install a plug or standing valve in the packer tailpipe to prevent losses during this procedure. Rig up a return line from the annulus to a returns tank of sufficient capacity. The well may be brought onstream direct into the production facility but is often tested with a well test package to be cleaned up prior to placing it on production (this is normal practice for subsea completions where the production of the well straight into the subsea flowline system without cleaning up may plug and perhaps damage the facilities). This is a cost effective method if bullheading is acceptable for a particular formation. 12. Under some circumstances. 1) 2) 3) Rig up wireline in accordance to the procedures in the Company Wireline Procedures Manual.1. base oil. WELL UNLOADING Following the successful completing of a well. non artificial lift) the overbalance pressure exerted by the completion fluid must be removed. an underbalance can be achieved by simply bullheading a lighter fluid into the tubing relying on produced gas to maintain the underbalance during flowback.e. UNLOADING BY CIRCULATION It is assumed that any suspension plugs in the well above the circulation device have been removed and that the completion fluid occupies the tubing. this needs to be evaluated.. which will provide sufficient underbalance to enable the well to flow under the conditions stated. The fluids normally used may be water. it will normally have been left with the completion fluid left in both the tubing and annulus. Nitrogen can be circulated by deploying the coiled tubing and continuously gas lifting the well until natural flow is established. The procedures for nitrogen lifting are given in section 14 and coiled tubing procedures in section 13.A. sometimes referred to as ‘unloading’. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 139 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 12. Rig up the circulating pump to the Xmas tree kill wing and pressure test to 1. The depth to which the underbalance fluid is circulated depends upon the drawdown which can be achieved. ensure that it is not over-displaced into the annulus. . Continuous gas lifting a well is preferred if there has been large losses otherwise the circulation process may have to be repeated more than once causing higher costs.p.ARPO ENI S. It may also be installed like the other fluids by pumping it into the tubing taking returns through a circulating device and out of the annulus.

Check that the surface ‘U’ tube pressure is correct for the volume of underbalance fluid pumped according to calculation and hold this pressure on the pump. Rig up. run and install a circulating valve in the pocket and pull out of the hole. reinstall the dummy valve. Ensure the production flowline is lined up to flow to the production facilities and that the production operators are informed that the well will produce back through their facilities. Run in the hole and open the circulating device. There should be no differential pressure across the device as there is completion fluid on both sides. Gradually open the production choke to flow the well. Pull out of the hole.000psi above the maximum anticipated wellhead pressure or to WP. Install the circulating device opening or shifting tool. Continue pumping until the calculated amount of fluid has been pumped. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 140 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) Pressure test the wireline lubricator to a minimum of 1. With some particular SSDs. Open the production wing valve. if used. Monitor the wellhead pressure. slowly opening the choke as it is assured that the well is successfully unloading. Run in the hole and close the circulating device. it is sometimes possible to run two tools in one run to open and close the sleeve in one trip (parking it below the SSD during circulation). Confirm closure by pressuring up on the annulus and observing no pressure on the tubing or any significant volume is pumped. run in the hole and pull the packer tailpipe plug or standing valve.ARPO ENI S. Rig down wireline and the pump lines. install the SPM dummy valve pulling tool.p. With the return system from the annulus open. .A. Continue until the well has stable flowing conditions at a reasonably high rate (reservoir engineering will provide the flowing parameters). If using a SPM. In the case of a SPM. Confirm the circulation path is open by pumping up on the tubing and observing pressure on the annulus. begin to pump the underbalance into the tubing monitoring the volume pumped and the volume of returns from the annulus. If a SPM is being used. Pull out of the hole.

Continue until the well has stable flowing conditions at a reasonably high rate (reservoir engineering will provide the flowing parameters). UNLOADING BY BULLHEADING If bullheading and if reservoir conditions allow. . slowly opening the choke as it is assured that the well is successfully unloading.2.p.3. Gradually open the production choke to flow the well. Open the production wing valve.ARPO ENI S. Open the kill wing and with the pump lined up to the supply of underbalance fluid. the following procedure could be used. 1) 2) Rig up the pump to the Xmas tree kill wing and pressure test to 1.000psi above the maximum anticipated wellhead pressure or to WP. Close the kill wing valve. Never pump at a pressure to exceed bottomhole fracture pressure. Ensure the production flowline is lined up to flow to the production facilities and that the production operators are informed that the well will produce back through their facilities. 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 12. UNLOADING BY COILED TUBING Refer to section 14. When the calculated volume has been pumped. Monitor the wellhead pressure. (liquid or nitrogen) begin displacing the tubing.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 141 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 12. shut down the pump and record the static surface pressure confirming the correct amount of fluid has been pumped. Monitor the pressure trend is consistent.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 142 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13.1. Safety harnesses will be used when operating above ground level. Make sure a completion diagram of the well is available. common sense and should be observed during all phases of the operation: • • • • • • • Keep well clear of the tubing at all times. handling of heavy equipment. Make an announcement over the PA system to inform personnel. adverse weather conditions.g. etc. in common with most operations in a potentially dangerous environment. This includes working on top of the reel and injector as well as in the derrick. When treating the well with hazardous chemicals the relevant safety wear must be worn by all personnel in the work area (Refer to section 15..ARPO ENI S. essentially. To discuss any special requirements or circumstances that may arise e. There should be no overhead lifts across or near the tubing. COILED TUBING OPERATIONS 13. or under the tubing. ID of string components versus tool OD. as well as KOP and maximum angle of deviation. Tubing can part due to excess pressure and tubing wear. injector. This should include the location of casing. working with pressurised equipment. • Additional topics will be discussed as required and may include working in confined spaces. The following points are.2.A. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will ensure that all relevant equipment and materials for the job are on site in a timely manner. as well as spraying treatment fluids. packers. escape of hazardous treatment fluids.2). 13. Beware of the physical damage due to thrashing pipe. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Safety during C/T operations. If the tubing becomes stuck and excessive pressure and pull are to be applied. etc. A brief written outline of previous relevant well operations should be given to the coiled tubing supervisor. procedures in the case of emergency. pumps. Should the rig be required.p. is largely dependent on sound operating procedures and effective communication. • • • . perforations. reel. Do not stand near treating lines. clear the area as required. etc. PREPARATION Coiled tubing (C/T) operations will not be allowed to commence without an approved work programme. then he will confirm its availability and the manning requirements. A pre-job meeting should be held well in advance of the actual operation. tanks. Establish channels of communication and define responsibilities. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will confirm that the well to be worked on is available and accessible. tubing shoe. The purpose of this meeting is to: Discuss the programme of operations.

The well conditions. The condition of welds or joins in the reel. or BOP bleed off needle valve must be opened to verify that all pressure and fluids have been vented. subjected to the wellhead shut in pressure and test pressures.2. a safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel. The coiled tubing should be treated like a pressure vessel. Unlike a pressure vessel however. prior to breaking out the BOP connection. 3) . While operating or pressure testing it will contain several cubic meters of gas.ARPO ENI S. After the riser has been depressurised. prior to breaking the BOP connection to remove the tool string. it is essential that the seals are regularly checked and that they are pressure tested every time the BOPs are broken out for tool recovery etc. The treatment history. The topics to be covered will include.e. i. fluid. The records showing when was the last non-destructive test of the full reel length. • • 13. What fluids and gases were in the well being treated. what fluids have passed through the reel. it undergoes considerable stress during running and also suffers from both internal and external corrosion. Therefore. The toolstring must be pulled up against the BOPs. The riser must be depressurised and any gas/fluids bled off via the choke to the test separator. or energised fluid. the riser. i.g. but are not be limited to: a) Working with pressurised equipment b) c) d) e) f) g) Handling of heavy equipment Use of hazardous chemicals Safe working areas Emergency procedures Protective clothing etc. it should be at the slowest possible speed to be selected. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 143 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • Before rigging up coiled tubing. ensure that the reel carries a full and up-to-date operational history. in effect. the drill floor/skid deck and the control room will be maintained throughout the operation. Risers and BOPs As the riser and BOPs are. are X-rays available of the welds. 1) 2) When pulling coiled tubing tools into the riser. Acid.p. etc. Tubing Communication with the operator in the C/T control cabin.1. are they original.2. 13.A. a pressure vessel situated above the Xmas tree.2. All personnel should be aware of the Emergency Procedures for C/T operations.e. which should include the following information: • • • • • The cycle history of the whole reel length (one cycle being a run in followed by the run out). H2S. e.

Certain operations may require lifting of heavy equipment over live wells.A. or those in which H2S is anticipated. Wherever possible this will be avoided. ensure that hydrogen sulphide detectors and portable breathing apparatus sets are available and on site.2. H2S Considerations When working on wells which are known H2S producers. The Area Authorities/Safety Officer may. This applies to all wells where the presence of H2S is known or anticipated. 13. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 144 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) After de-pressuring the Xmas tree and riser but before the BOP is broken out. and inform the Well Operations Supervisor that this has been done. Obtain the relevant Permits to Work in accordance to the PTW system. Only equipment with valid test certificates will be used for rigging up and during the operation. This is to prevent any possible hazardous condition arising due to the inadvertent opening of a wing valve. 13. PERMIT REQUIREMENTS Note: 1) 2) 3) Note: 4) 5) All permits will be issued in accordance with the Permit to Work System.3. All permits will be revalidated at the end of each shift. Obtaining and distribution of the permits is the responsibility if the Contractors Representative. Safety aspects of well operations in the presence of H2S must be addressed in the pre-job safety meeting. or flow from a leaking master valve.3.p. Permits may not be valid for 12 hours on crew change days. No operations can begin without the relevant work permits. the Xmas tree is to be flushed with water/glycol to remove all traces of H2S prior to rigging up on the well.ARPO ENI S. If circumstances make the lift unavoidable. When H2S bearing wells are to be entered for C/T workover purposes. the swab valve must be closed. The Contractor Representative will ensure that all relevant work permits have been signed and distributed. 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) . All well control equipment must have current certification of conformity issued by the certifying authority. All personnel involved in these operations will wear automatic H2S detectors and be equipped with self contained breathing apparatus. He will decide if any live well needs to be shut in and if scaffolding of other protective structure needs to be erected. if required. then the Production Supervisor will be informed. The Well Operations Supervisor will confirm the well status and accept the well handover certificate from the Production Supervisor. will make an inspection to ensure that there is no other work going on which may affect the operation.

A. whichever is lower. 3) 13. Take control of the well from Production Department. Run the riser (with the shear seal BOP at the bottom) onto the tree and pressure test with water to 500 psi above the maximum anticipated surface pressure or to the maximum test pressure of 5. Coiled Tubing Rig-Up Note: The C/T unit will be function tested on the deck prior to it being made up in the well. safety signs. Note: Refer to figure 13. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 145 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13. etc. Do not exceed the maximum allowable tree rating. safety barriers. or to the maximum test pressure of 5.g. 5) 6) 7) 8) . Clamp the coiled tubing at the reel using a certified clamp but not molegrips or other similar tools. RIG UP PROCEDURES 13. to check equipment function and confirm the operation of the shut down systems on the power pack. liquid nitrogen or acid.000 psi.4. return lines and blind rams to 500psi above the maximum anticipated surface pressure.a General rig up arrangement.4. fill up the riser and BOP with glycol/water. close the blind rams and pressure test the riser. safe and properly certified. Position the tubing reel and power pack so that the coiled tubing has an unrestricted path to the injector head. The Well Operations Supervisor should ensure that: • • • • The work area is suitably guarded (e. 1) 2) 3) 4) Confirm that the tree has been de-pressurised and the controls have been isolated from the main control system. If time allows.p.000psi. It is Company policy to run a remote hydraulic control shear seal BOP at the bottom of the riser immediately above the tree. Any scaffolding is secure. All lifts should have tag lines attached.1. etc. prior to the commencement of the operation.2. a permit should be obtained and the equipment run and tested. Function test the BOP with both panels. make up to riser and pressure test. Move the BOP assembly onto the rig floor or skid deck. Remove the swab cap and inspect the thread and seal areas.).g. Equipment Preparation and Siting 1) 2) Ensure that the equipment has been visually checked for defects prior to starting rigup. The crane operator and roustabouts are aware of the equipment weights and hazards (e.).4. whichever is lower.ARPO ENI S. The injector head may be rigged up and the tubing stabbed through the injector head on the catwalk or drill floor depending on space available.

bleed down the whole system at the BOPs and with the reel valve open. 13. swab valve. use tugger lines to keep the assembly vertical. The check valves should seal. riser to tree seal. With the whole system full of water. as this will interfere with the weight indicator readings. Attach the C/T BHA. which includes the BOPs. pressure test check valves via a pump-in tee below the BOPs while stripper is energised. Fill the reel with water. pressure is applied through the tubing in stages of 500psi up to a maximum of 5. ensure external pressure does not exceed the collapse pressure rating of the reel. BOP kill wing valve and blind rams have pressure integrity. The Pipe Rams are now tested by closing the pipe rams and bleeding the pressure down to zero via the circulating port on the BOP. If using an in-line tubing connector. Alternatively.4. ensure that there are no restrictions to the ID of the coil and to purge any debris form the tubing. Once the test is complete.ARPO ENI S. pressure is applied from the pump in stages of 500psi up to a maximum of 5. using the cement or pressure test pump. tubing. The assembly will be pressure tested with the BHA across the BOP. should be carried out in a logical sequence to eliminate all possible leaks.p. Pressure Testing Pressure testing of the coiled tubing assembly. therefore it is certain the BOP to riser seal. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 146 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 1) 2) 3) 4) When picking up the injector head.000psi. The BOPs should be bled down after the testing is completed. and stab the injector onto the BOP. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) .A. If using an out-line tubing connector. Make-up and fit the end connector and test sub. Test reel to full test pressure and perform pull test before stabbing on to BOP. the Stripper/Packer and Toolstring will be tested with the tools across the BOP and the straight bar in the energised stripper. and pressure will remain in the riser and BOPs while the reel pressure is zero.000psi.3. Do not exceed the maximum allowable tree rating. With the straight bar still across the still energised stripper. The reel should be flushed with water and pigged with a no-go prior to running packers and other sensitive tools to gauge reel volume. The Check Valves in the toolstring are now checked using the pressure already in the system. treating lines and the pump. 1) The Blind Rams and Riser will have already been tested while rigging up the BOPs. Tugger lines must not be attached to the injector body. close the circulating port and equalise the pressure across the pipe rams. the Stripper/Packer and Toolstring will be tested with the tools below the BOP. to prevent collapse of the tubing. bleed down the pressure at the reel. The pump and treating lines up to the reel will have been tested already. When bleeding down reel pressure. With the whole system full of water.

A.p.A . Agip Division Goose Neck ARPO Injector Head Hydraulic Hose Stripper/Stuffing Box Quad BOP's STAP -P-1-M-7120 IDENTIFICATION CODE Lubricator/Riser Control Cab Coiled Tubing Reel Power Skid 0 Figure 13.General C/T Rig Up Arrangement Wellhead Combination BOP's Wellhead PAGE REVISION 147 OF 192 .ENI S.

4.ARPO ENI S. This combined weight. treating lines should be rigged-up using certified Fig. The purpose of the frame is only to ensure lateral stability. Most frames have hydraulic height adjustment and should include hydraulic compensation systems to allow for any vertical movement of the wellhead in relation to the deck. The frame should be pegged to the injector and tied back at the four top corners using certified chains and come-alongs. Ensure that check valves are used on wellheads.000lbs overpull. . which can be in the region of 20 tonnes. registered as unfit for use and returned to base.p. reels and each pump. Injector Frame An injector frame is used to steady and position an injector when operated rigless.1502 integral lines. Use no more than 4. It may also be used when operating through the rig although this is not recommended as it serves no purpose and requires additional rig-up time. to secure fastening points on the deck. 13. The relief valve setting is to be confirmed between the Company and Contractor Representative prior to equipment load out.4. Rigging Down To rig down: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Pull out of the hole until the tubing end connector tags the stripper.5. Due to possible contraction of the riser due to well cooling. The injector is then installed inside the lift frame or bails. This enhances the safety of personnel and enables easy rig up of the injector head on a heaving rig. Bleed off pressure in the coiled tubing and surface lines through the closed line drain in case of any hydrocarbon discharge.6. On floaters a special lifting frame or extra long bails should be attached to the block to the surface tree to maintain tension through the compensation system.4. no tension should be applied to crane sling during operations. The injector frame is not designed to withstand the weight of the injector and the weight of the coiled tubing in the hole. Treating Lines • • • • • • On all C/T operations. Ensure that a certified relief valve is installed in the surface line circuitry. Ensure that the lines are tied with safety cables and attached at regular intervals to secure fixing points. Any bent lines or damaged unions will be marked. The injector should remain connected to the crane or overhead gantry crane during the operation to add stability to the structure and to facilitate rapid removal of the injector during rig down. Close off the well isolation valve. Rig down the coiled tubing and associated equipment. Ensure all equipment is stowed safely for transport. 13. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 148 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13. All valves should be tested from the well side including the last valve on the reel.A.4. is carried by the wellhead.

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) . Xmas tree. 1) The basic toolstring configuration for conventional circulation operations is.5. a differential of 1. Any significant deviations from these plots during the operation must be investigated.p. pipe loading and buckling stress against depth for the particular job to be performed.000psi will be allowed across the tubing. from the bottom up: • Circulating nozzle • Two check or flapper valves • Straight bar • Tubing connector. Ensure that the tubing internal pressure is maintained at all times by pumping. Running speeds will be reduced when running through the riser. Ensure the mechanical and electronic depth counters are set to zero at the appropriate zero datum reference. running speeds and operating procedures will vary depending on the work being performed. Standard running speed should be 50ft/min. running or pulling through unobstructed tubing. the actual toolstring configuration. The C/T contractor will provide plots of pipe weight. RUNNING PROCEDURES The following procedures are guidelines.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 149 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13. Pulling weight tests/checks should be performed every 1. slowing to 15ft/min within 50ft either side of obstructions. pull up well above hang up depth and liaise with the Eni-Agip representative before taking further steps. The weight indicator must be tested before running coiled tubing in to a well. At any indication of the tubing hanging up. SCSSV and any other downhole restrictions.A. On specifically sanctioned operations. Particular care must be exercised when pulling the assembly out through the SCSSV and the Xmas tree and into the lubricator.000ft regularly during running in. Refer to the toolstring configuration in the well programme for specific operations.

use low nitrogen rates and only run to a maximum of 50% of well depth. The meeting will address the hazards inherent with handling liquid nitrogen (Refer to section 14. in low pressure producers when production has been temporarily halted. You should allow sufficient nitrogen to compensate for this slippage. follow the main procedure. Once the tubing has reached the predetermined depth. Gas Lifting Gas lifting may be required to kick-off a well. reduce the injection rate Shut down the nitrogen unit at the first indication of any rapid build up in wellhead pressure. . increasing the rate slowly as the coiled tubing is further run in. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 150 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13. stop running in and continue pumping nitrogen until nearly all the nitrogen is pumped. Run in the well carefully. OPERATING PROCEDURES 13. Allow sufficient nitrogen to remove any kill fluid that may have entered the formation during the kill operation.1. As a rule do not use excessive pump rates as this will lead to high annulus friction and nitrogen may be lost to the formation. except that the well will not flow and dry gas should be produced at surface. Confirm that the tree and SCSSV controls have been isolated from the main control system.6. or the well is flowing strongly.4) The nitrogen tanks. The meeting will also address the actions to be taken in the event of an emergency. however the basic procedure still applies. Safety A safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel prior to any job. Equalise pressure across the swab valve then open. • • 8) If the well begins to slug nitrogen. Allow any gas cap on the well to vent off through the test separator. specific operational programmes will be issued by the Company.ARPO ENI S. When restoring production in low pressure wells that have been temporarily shut in.p.A. When kicking off a well containing a kill fluid follow the basic procedure in this section.7). These wells only require encouragement until water cut has been reduced and temperature has risen. Each specific condition requires an exact programme. The procedures in this section are guidelines only. and line up the well to the test separator. Procedures 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Rig up and test the coiled tubing (Refer to section 13. Reduce the test separator pressure according to the coiled tubing contractors procedures. stopping to establish nitrogen injection at a low rate. as when creating a nitrogen cushion prior to DST or TCP. converter and pumping unit should be positioned close to the tubing reel in order to minimise the length of pressurised lines. When removing a fixed dead column of fluid from a well. In wells exceeding 40o deviation nitrogen slippage is likely to occur. which contains a kill fluid. It is also used to remove a dead column of fluid from closed tubing.6.

Well bore clean-ups are performed to remove scale. Matrix acidisation of the formation can take the form of a small acid wash injected from the coiled tubing directly to the zone requiring treatment. or for larger treatments. Scale removal can be achieved by circulating acid across the area requiring treatment. Coiled tubing is often used to perform well treatments. The treatment is performed with the well balanced or slightly underbalanced to prevent treatment fluid penetration. The main types of treatment are as follows: • • • Removal of scale from well tubulars and SCSSV Matrix acidisation of the formation Well bore clean-up using solvents and or acid.6. Well Treatment Well treatments can be performed using various acid and solvent formulations to improve production or injection rates. . 1) 2) 3) Fluid samples will be taken from the flow line sample point by the Well Operations Supervisor. debris and waxes from the perforation tunnels. They are not intended to penetrate the formation.000psi. because it allows for the direct application of the treatment to the zone or area requiring treatment. If leaving the coiled tubing in the well ensure that it is sufficiently inhibited and that the internal pressure of the C/T remains equal to or above the external pressure. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 151 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Note: Pull the tubing out of the well before the nitrogen supply is completely exhausted.ARPO ENI S.A. The treatment is applied by jetting the treatment fluid into the perforations while slowly cycling the nozzle across the perforations. Rig down and hand the well over to the Production Department. This is to ensure that the pressure differential across the tubing wall does not exceed 1. The following data will be recorded throughout the nitrogen lift operation: • • • • • • • Wellhead flowing pressure Nitrogen injection pressure Nitrogen injection rate Wellhead flowing temperature Separator level Separator pressure Separator temperature.2. and scale containing hydrocarbons. Specific formulations may be recommended by the contractor to remove sulphate scale. which could lead to additional damage. 13. Note: Much of the acid may remain unspent and that this may have an effect on surface flowlines and production equipment.p. with the coiled tubing being used to circulate the acid to fill the tubing prior to direct high rate injection from surface.

Perform regular pull tests/checks at 1. Inhibition It is essential that a sufficient quantity of inhibitor is used in the acid system.4). circulating at minimum rate.5). Equalise pressure across the swab valve then open. Once the area to be treated has been reached. the inhibitor content must be doubled due to the detrimental effect that the solvent has on inhibitor efficiency. pump treated injection quality seawater in order to establish the circulating pressure. This will give protection to both the inside and outside of the tubing. particularly under pressure. If an acid wash or solvent treatment is to be performed then: • • • • Circulate the coiled tubing to treatment fluid ϑet the area to be treated while reciprocating the coiled tubing slowly Circulate the tubing to injection quality seawater Pull out of the hole. However the basic procedure is: • • • Circulate the treatment fluid into the well at the maximum rate. If a mutual solvent is being used. with 5% inhibitor in injection quality seawater. from the bottom up: • • • • 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Jetting nozzle 2 dart type check valves 6ft straight bar Tubing connector. . Confirm that the tree and SCSSV controls have been isolated from the main control system. The meeting will also address the actions to be taken in the event of an emergency.p. A slug (5-10bbl).000 ft intervals. Pull the tubing assembly above the acid and inject at a high rate via the tubing and the tubing annulus simultaneously. Suggested BHA is. (Alternatively the coiled tubing can be pulled out of the well before injecting the acid. Procedure The following details the basic procedures to be followed when performing acid treatments through coiled tubing: 1) 2) Rig up and test coiled tubing (Refer to section 13.ARPO ENI S. Run in the well carefully. Pig the reel to determine accurate reel volume. 9) If matrix acidising is to be performed the treatment formulation and volume will be advised in a separate programme. should be circulated ahead of the acid treatment.) Pull out of the hole and if required flow the well with nitrogen. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 152 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Safety Prior to rigging up the acid equipment a safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel (Refer to section 15. The meeting will address the hazards inherent with handling acids.A.

The meeting will also address the actions to be taken in the event of an emergency. Keep the tubing string filled full of treated sea water by circulating at the minimum rate. It is essential to keep circulating when there is a sand column in the production tubing. additional perforating and to exposed covered perforations. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 153 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 13.3. from the bottom up: • • • • 4) 5) 6) 7) Jetting Nozzle 2 dart type check valves 6ft straight bar Tubing connector.6. Once the string is below the SCSSV. A sample point will be installed in the return line.000ft intervals. 8) 9) The required gel system should be prepared in a mixing tank and transferred to a holding tank containing agitators once it is fully hydrated.4). otherwise the C/T will become surrounded in sand and stuck. The separator should be sand washed prior to the operation. Begin running in carefully with the well producing at a reduced rate. Break circulation when well above the last recorded hold up depth and establish a minimum circulation rate while pumping gel.ARPO ENI S. Carry out regular pull tests/checks at 1. The clean-out operation may be carried out with the well flowing to assist the return of sand to the surface. This is especially important when the well is not flowing. This is especially useful when the well is highly deviated. The meeting will address the hazards of handling chemicals and use of pressurised equipment. Sand Cleanout General 1) It may be necessary to clean out sand fill from a well to provide a sufficient sump for production logging. Confirm that the Xmas Tree and SCSSV controls have been isolated from the main control system. Equalise pressure across the swab valve then open it. Rig up and test the coiled tubing (Refer to section 13. Procedure 1) Note: 1) 2) 3) Ensure that the well is lined up to take returns to the test separator. Suggested BHA is. has a large bore production string or when the well is unable to support a column of gelled seawater without incurring losses.p. The clean out is carried out by running the tubing and pumping viscous fluid (gel) to lift the sand from the sump. . increase the production rate to its normal level. 2) 3) Safety Prior to rigging up the coiled tubing and circulating equipment a safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel. Sand clean out is best carried out using C/T.A.

stopping to note the hanging weight. Pull up above the perforations and displace the tubing to treated seawater.p. Run in slowly to the top of the fill. After penetrating 20ft. If an increase is seen.A. Rig down and hand control of the well back to Production. Pull out with the well flowing to ensure that all sand moving up as the tubing is removed. continue to pump gel while reciprocating the tubing back to the tubing shoe twice. wellhead pressure and coiled tubing string weight continuously throughout the operation. Carefully monitor fluctuations in pick-up weights. Having reached the required depth. pick-up to the tubing shoe then run back in to repeat the process in stages of 20ft. pumping continuously. Sand wash the test separator and record the volume of sand removed. The tubing must be kept in tension at all times. Slow down when the weight begins to drop off the tubing and flag pipe at surface as a reference. wash back until weight corresponds with the initial running weight.ARPO ENI S. If there are any indications of problems pull back above the last hold up depth immediately and evaluate the situation. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 154 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Note: Monitor the pump pressure.

There should be no overhead lifts across or near the liquid nitrogen tanks. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will confirm that the well to be treated is available and accessible. handling of heavy equipment. The following points are essentially common sense and should be observed during all phases of the operation.2. Before rigging up treating equipment a safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel. A brief written outline of previous relevant well treatments should be given to the stimulation supervisor. nitrogen converters/pumps. safe working areas. 14. as well as in the derrick. This includes working on top of the liquid nitrogen tanks. cryogenic hoses. use of hazardous chemicals. • Additional topics will be discussed as required. To discuss any special requirements or circumstances that may arise. safety data sheets. or any other treating equipment during operations. When treating the well with hazardous chemicals in conjunction with nitrogen refer to the Stimulation Section regarding the wearing of additional safety wear. • • • • • Do not stand near treating lines. • . Safety harnesses will be used when operating above ground level.g. handling of heavy equipment etc. emergency procedures. PREPARATION 1) 2) No nitrogen operations will be allowed to commence without an approved work programme. NITROGEN PROCEDURES The use of nitrogen is potentially hazardous and many precautions need to be taken to obtain a successful safe operation. extreme low temperatures. gas pressure and energised fluids. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 155 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 14.A. escape of gaseous or liquid nitrogen or energised fluids. and may include working in confined spaces. or nitrogen operator. treating lines or nitrogen converters/pumps. Should the rig be required then he will confirm its availability and the manning requirements. is largely dependent on sound operating procedures and effective communication.1. A pre-job meeting should be held well in advance of the actual operation. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Safety during a nitrogen operation. etc. 3) 4) 14. e. The purpose of this meeting is to: • • • Discuss the programme of operations. and define responsibilities. working with energised fluid. adverse weather conditions.ARPO ENI S. procedures in the case of emergency. handling of liquid nitrogen and gaseous nitrogen. Only authorised personnel wearing adequate protective clothing will be allowed in the vicinity of the equipment while a nitrogen operation is being performed. The topics to be covered will include. liquid nitrogen tanks. working with pressurised equipment. etc. in common with most operations in a potentially dangerous environment. but not be limited to. protective clothing. Establish channels of communication.p.

3. rig floor. wellhead area and coiled tubing or stimulation operator where applicable must be maintained throughout the operation. As standard procedure when in the vicinity of nitrogen operations.ARPO ENI S. All work areas will be chained or roped off. The freezing effect is anaesthetic and may not be immediately noticed. Nitrogen is not toxic (it represents about 80% of the air we breathe) but if released in a confined area it will displace some of the oxygen present leading to an oxygen poor atmosphere and possibly asphyxiation of people present. The fine spray will lay down an insulating layer of ice on the deck and help evaporate the liquid nitrogen. On contract with steel. Thus if nitrogen is split on a steel deck. Liquid nitrogen is very cold being a cryogenic fluid.1.3. especially if the surface is water wet. so that they can be used immediately should a spill occur.A.) Do not enter or work in a confined area where nitrogen is escaping. NITROGEN HANDLING • 14. liquid nitrogen causes embrittlement and shrinkage of the surface leading to fracture generation.p. chemical goggles should be worn in preference to safety spectacles. It will freeze flesh on contact almost instantly. The affected area will be treated as a serious burn. 14. The flesh or eye once frozen is effectively destroyed. it will quite rapidly freeze and crack the deck. Do not stand in the immediate vicinity of escaping nitrogen and do not attempt to plug or block the escaping gas. (The effect is like putting a plastic bag over one’s head. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 156 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • • • • • • • • • • Good communications between the nitrogen operator. suitable safety equipment must be made available and used. do not apply a fierce jet to the liquid as this will disperse it to other areas. and warning signs placed at access routes. Gaseous nitrogen will escape from nitrogen tanks continuously as the tank is warmed. Nitrogen operators must be equipped with dry thermal gloves for handling cryogenic hoses and valves. The exact requirements will be specified on the work permits. All personnel should be aware of the Emergency Procedures for C/T operations. allowing the liquid to spill to the next level. As in a liquid fire. The nitrogen tanks and nitrogen converter/pump will be positioned as close to the well as possible to minimise the length of pressurised lines. Apply a fine spray of water to the spill immediately. • . The type of safety equipment required will depend on whether the person expects to operate the equipment or simply remain in the vicinity. Safety Equipment When handling or working in the vicinity of a nitrogen operation. Fire hoses will be available in the areas where liquid nitrogen is to be used. Lines carrying liquid nitrogen are also very cold and should only be handled with dry insulated gloves. The hoses will be fully charged.

Inspect all items for wear or damage and do not use any defective items. . Equipment Preparation and Siting The contractor will have a rig up procedure that has been approved by the Company in advance.ARPO ENI S. 14. ensure that all pressure operating items carry valid test certificates.2.3. it is essential to keep the operational personnel in safe areas when ever possible. Where possible the nitrogen operator will have an unobstructed view of the rig floor. All high pressure lines will be pressure tested with water according to the values stated in the nitrogen programme. The pressure will either be gas pressure or energised fluid pressure. Personnel involved in the operation will carry radios at all times.4. Pressurised Lines • • During nitrogen operations pressure will be used to inject the nitrogen as gas into the well and for the pressurised transfer of liquid nitrogen between tanks and from tank to pump. Liquid nitrogen lines should be supported off steel decks with wood or rubber matting to prevent deck freezing. The effect of energised fluid pressure release is explosive. During the safety meeting the Safety Officer should be shown each of the safety data sheets. Drip trays of stainless steel construction should be placed under all hose unions. RIG-UP PROCEDURES • • • • • 14. Equipment Rig-up • • • • • When rigging up equipment. and the coiled tubing operator where relevant. Safety Data Sheets • • When operating with nitrogen or any kind of chemical.2. • • 14. ensure that the safety data sheets are available both at the safety meeting and in the work area. The equipment will be situated such that the length of pressurised lines.4. or wellhead area. The safety officer should analyse the sheet and point out the hazards and handling instructions for nitrogen and any other chemical being utilised. Liquid nitrogen tanks may not be stacked. In the event of injury from nitrogen burn or asphyxiation the safety data sheets will be available to enable the Medic and Safety Officer to determine the best action. either while being stored or during operation. Ensure equipment location has sufficient clear escape routes.1. and liquid nitrogen hoses.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 157 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. are minimised. The control and disposal of spills of liquid nitrogen and escapes or leakages of liquid or gaseous nitrogen should be explained.p.3. 14. It is important to note that when operating with energised fluid pressure.3.4.

4. Check valves should be fitted with bleed-off needle valves. Pressure tests will be monitored for 15 mins on a chart recorder. should be clamped to the cable. Lines should be tied together using a steel cable and clamps.3. swing or other treating pipe. A check valve should also be fitted to the treating point. Cavitation and high pump rates can stress lines and back off unions by vibration unless the line is flexible. ensure sufficient flexibility in the treating line by incorporating chicksan bridges in the line.e. The existing Hot Work permit may be used if still valid otherwise a new Cold Work permit may be obtained. Ensure that each fluid or nitrogen pump is fitted with a check valve. coiled tubing reel. The pressure testing will be witnessed by the Well Operations Supervisor. 14. Each individual line. Rigging Down • • Rigging down will only take place once the Workover Superintendent or company representative has given permission. . Testing with nitrogen should be avoided. The chart will be labelled and stored for reference. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 158 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. The PRV is to be isolated during pressure test.4. Pressure Testing • • • Note: • • Pressure testing should be performed with all lines and spaces to be tested full of water. The lines should also be tied off where possible to fixed objects such as pad eyes. well head. i. Ensure treating line runs are kept as short and direct as possible without causing unnecessary obstruction. kill line. When treating at high rates and as a general practice.ARPO ENI S.4. Mark and set aside defective treating equipment. • • • • 14.5.A.4. Treating Lines • • • Inspect all treating lines thoroughly. Pressure testing will take place to 1.5 times the maximum operating pressure.p.

2. The maximum working pressure of wellheads and production equipment should also be considered when designing nitrogen operations.3. the operation will be adjusted and restarted. This is of particular importance with gas lifting.5.1. If necessary. to ensure that sufficient nitrogen is available to complete the job. Contingency for unit breakdowns.ARPO ENI S. If the job is not correctly designed the combined coiled tubing friction pressure and negative hydrostatic effect can lead to high surface pump pressure which may exceed the maximum allowable coiled tubing pressure.1 . NITROGEN TREATMENT PROCEDURES When preparing a nitrogen programme. To this should be added considerable excess for ordering. Generally the analogue gauges on nitrogen pumps and tanks are not very accurate and allowance should be made for this. Pressures • Nitrogen pump pressures should be determined before the start of a job. If during the nitrogen operation there are any significant variations from this schedule the job will be shut down and the cause investigated. Coiled Tubing Gas Lift A detailed programme is available in the Coiled Tubing Section 13. Quantity of nitrogen required to prevent restocking being craned in during the operation. The following operational factors should be considered: • • • • • The maximum flow rate required and the number of nitrogen converter/pumps required. suggest an excess allowance of at least 50% over the calculated volume.5. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 159 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. Pump Rates • Pump rates will be clearly stated in the individual stimulation programme. Evaporation of stored nitrogen. Space on the pipe deck to store the nitrogen beside the nitrogen converters and pumps. • 14. 14. due to shipping and job delays. 14.A. Safety transfer of nitrogen between tanks during the operation. note should be taken of the quantity of nitrogen required by calculation to complete the operation.5.p. A nitrogen pumping schedule will be prepared in advance by the service company.6.5. High pressure gas pockets may return to surface. job restarts and other unexpected losses. multiple pressure test cooldowns.

Alternatively if circulation is not possible. The standard procedure follows: • • • • Once the tubing has been pressure tested for integrity using water. Coiled tubing should be run to about 500 ft below the desired top of water cushion to ensure that sufficient water is expelled.A.ARPO ENI S. Nitrogen Cushion . a circulating sleeve is opened above the packer and nitrogen is injected down the tubing. the perforation debris is ejected from the perforation tunnels and fluid is prevented from entering the perforation.5. An amount of fluid will fall back after nitrogen lifting has ceased. The port is closed and nitrogen is pumped until the correct pressure is achieved on top of the water cushion. when the guns are fired.4.p. Nitrogen displaces the water out of the circulating port until the desired fluid height is achieved. Normally 500-1.000 psi drawdown is required to ensure that. coiled tubing may be used to circulate out the fluid used to pressure test the tubing. • .Tubing Conveyed Perforation Nitrogen is used to allow control and adjustment of the drawdown pressure during tubing conveyed perforation operations. The general term used here is differential perforating. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 160 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. The precise calculations for the amount of nitrogen required will be provided by the service company by customised computer design packages.

It is clear. When designing nitrified treatments. The specific pump rates. When turning from cryogenic liquid to gas at room temperature the nitrogen will expand almost 700 times. allowing the fluid to return from the formation. Nitrogen and treatment fluids are commingled at the surface and injected through the tubing. NITROGEN TECHNICAL INFORMATION Nitrogen is used for three main reasons: • • • Nitrogen is an inert gas which does not readily react with other substances. therefore.5. displaced using nitrogen to ensure sufficient drawdown on the formation to allow the nitrified fluid to return. All liquid nitrogen handling equipment is fitted with relief valves to prevent the trapping of liquid. and expected pressures.6.ARPO ENI S. is that it can be pumped efficiently as a liquid then vaporised using heat from a heat source such as an engine with hydraulic heat. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 161 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. for example flammable well fluids. The added advantage of liquid nitrogen.5. • . Energised fluid should be treated with caution. hence. Nitrogen does not dissolve readily in water as does CO2 thus improving efficiency.A.000 scf/bbl of nitrogen per barrel of treatment fluid is normally advised. The nitrogen is injected into the treatment fluid thus reducing the density of the fluid and. rather than gaseous nitrogen. Nitrogen is relatively cheap and readily available in Liquid form. should be calculated using the service company’s stimulation programme. Nitrified Treatment • Nitrified treatments are performed when the well being treated is unable to support a full column of treatment fluid. that trapped liquid could be highly explosive. surfactant acids and surfactant or solvent treatments. or partially. note should be taken of the additional surface pressure expected due to the reduced hydrostatic head of the nitrified fluid and the additional friction due to the two phase flow. Several large pumps would be required to produce the rates and pressures available from one nitrogen converter/pump. The treatment is fully.p. Treatment fluids commonly nitrified include acid. • • • • • • 14. A rate of 400 to 1.

Safety of personnel is paramount. . Close the wing valve. The Well Operations Supervisor and the nitrogen operator will remain at the well site to ensure that the well and equipment remains in a safe condition during the alert. Close the SCSSV.7.1. Production Shutdown 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Stop pumping nitrogen immediately. Return all work permits to the control room. All non-essential personnel must report to their muster stations.7. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 162 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. Therefore if there is ANY doubt ALL personnel will report to their muster stations IMMEDIATELY. These procedures are intended for platform operations 14.ARPO ENI S. 14. time permitting. depressurise lines and tanks only if time permits. depressurise the surface lines and tanks. They will be able to act should the situation deteriorate.5 for procedures when coiled tubing is being used). Work will only resume once the stand down has been announced. Close the wing valve.7.3. If the SCSSV is left open. Secure the well by closing the wing and master valves. Prepare to Abandon Platform Time permitting the following actions should be followed: 1) 2) 3) 4) Note: Stop pumping and shut down the nitrogen pump unit immediately. General Platform Alarm 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Stop pumping and. secure tanks and depressurise. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES (During Nitrogen Operations) All personnel must be familiar with the facility alarm system and know the course of action to be followed in the event of the alarm being sounded.A.7.p. The Well Operations Supervisor will inform the control room of the well status and the names of the personnel remaining at the nitrogen unit (which will be a maximum of two). Inform the control room that the well has been secured. and work permits have been re-issued. the control panel will be checked frequently. Close the SCSSV (Refer to section 13. All personnel will report to their muster stations and follow tannoy instructions.2. and the above actions should only be followed if it is considered safe to do so. Close the SCSSV (Refer to section 13.5 for procedures when coiled tubing is being used). Bleed down the surface nitrogen pressure. 6) 14.

Do not spend time in the area as the rescuer may will become a victim. In the event of a person coming into contact with liquid nitrogen the area contacted should be treated as a serious burn and kept clean.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 163 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 14. immediately apply artificial respiration while the victim is dragged clear of the effected area. . The point of leakage will be identified and isolated immediately.5.4.7. dry and aseptic. and the actions to be taken in the event of a spill. Try to contain the spill using fine water sprays to vaporise the spill and insulate the deck.p. In the event that the tank has a small but uncontrollable rupture. If the contact is around the eyes flush them with copious amounts of water or with an eye bath if it is available. If the victim is suffering from asphyxiation. Any spills being immediately sprayed with water. Apply oxygen if available. Spilt liquid nitrogen should be sprayed with a fine spray of water. personnel should be cleared from the area and the tank should be lifted by crane over the sea. Do not flush to drains. Injury to Personnel 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The rig medic must be informed immediately of any incident. without endangering life. Remove the victim to a safe area and apply first aid as required. 5) 14. Liquid Nitrogen Spill 1) 2) 3) 4) Prior to handling nitrogen all personnel must be familiar with the Safety Data Sheets. In the event of a major liquid nitrogen spill or equipment failure the operation will be shut down and the control room informed immediately.7.ARPO ENI S.

is largely dependent on sound operating procedures and effective communication. in common with most operations in a potentially dangerous environment. chemical safety data sheets.g. 3) 4) A brief written outline of previous relevant well treatments should be given to the stimulation supervisor. pumps. The topics to be covered will include. 15. as in the derrick. The purpose of this meeting is to: • • • • Discuss the programme of operations. safe working areas. procedures in the case of emergency. • . 15. etc. Before rigging up treating equipment a safety meeting will be held with all relevant personnel.A. handling of heavy equipment.p. handling of heavy equipment. Only authorised personnel wearing adequate protective clothing will be allowed in the vicinity of the equipment while an acid treatment is being performed. emergency procedures. etc. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Safety during stimulation treatments. This includes working on top of the mixing tanks. etc. protective clothing. When treating the well with hazardous chemicals the relevant safety wear must be worn by all personnel in the work area. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 164 OF 192 REVISION STAP-P-1-7120 0 15. but not be limited to. working with pressurised equipment. A pre-job meeting should be held well in advance of the actual operation. There should be no overhead lifts across or near the storage or mixing tanks. Should the rig be required then he will confirm its availability and the manning requirements.1. adverse weather conditions. The following points are essentially common sense and should be observed during all phases of the operation. working with pressurised equipment. Establish channels of communication and define responsibilities. To discuss any special requirements or circumstances that may arise e. • • • • • Do not stand near treating lines. use of hazardous chemicals.2. STIMULATION PROCEDURES INTRODUCTION 1) 2) Stimulation Treatments will not be allowed to commence without an approved work programme. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will confirm that the well to be treated is available and accessible. tanks. or any other treating equipment during operations.ARPO ENI S. escape of hazardous treatment fluids. Additional topics will be discussed as required and may include working in confined spaces. Safety harnesses will be used when operating above ground level.

however wear a fume mask if necessary. Chemical Handling Safety Equipment • • When handling or working in the vicinity of hazardous chemicals. All personnel should be aware of the Emergency Procedures for coiled tubing operations . or roped off. so that they can be used immediately should a spill occur.2. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 165 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 • • • • • • • Good communications between the pump operator. the safety wear should be changed at once to avoid contact with the contaminant later. Operators should not be subjected to fume levels which require the use of fume masks or respirators. 15. chemical handling gloves and chemical goggles or visor are worn. wellhead area and coiled tubing or nitrogen operator where applicable must be maintained throughout the treatment. Acid showers and eye baths will be available should any personnel come into contact with acid. • • • .p. and warning signs placed at access routes. therefore refer to the chemical safety data sheet for information regarding fumes. As standard procedure when handling any fluid or powder that may have toxic. The hoses will be fully charged. When handling chemicals which produce fumes. The exact requirements will be specified on the work permits. In addition when handling powders ensure that a dust mask is worn.1. rig floor. ensure that the work area is well ventilated and not enclosed. harmful or irritant properties ensure that a chemical suite. All work areas will be chained. Fire hoses will be available in the areas where acid is to be used.A. suitable safety equipment must be made available and used. The acid tanks and pumping unit will be positioned as close to the well as possible to minimise the length of pressurised lines. It should be noted that not all fuming chemicals produce noticeable odours. When safety wear is contaminated with chemicals.ARPO ENI S. Sacks of soda ash or calcium carbonate will be available for absorbing small spills of acid. The type of safety equipment required will depend on the type of chemical or chemicals being handled. A shower should be located within easy reach of the operational area. tank operator.

The effect of energised fluid pressure release is explosive. amount of fumes. Any leakages should be dealt with by replacing the defective item. general level of hazard. During the safety meeting the Safety Officer should be shown each of the safety data sheets.p. Follow the rig up and pressure test procedures rigorously for all items operating under pressure. The pressure will either be fluid pressure or energised fluid pressure. The safety officer should analyse the sheet and point out the hazards and handling instructions for each chemical. It is important to not that when operating with energised fluid pressure. compatibility with other chemicals and method of handling. • • • . In the event of chemical injury the safety data sheets will be available to enable the Medic and Safety Officer to determine the best action. followed by a re-test. It is the responsibility of the Safety Officer to indicate to the operators items such as the flammability.ARPO ENI S. It is essential that all pressure handling equipment carry up to date certification for use in the pressure range specified. The control and disposal of spills and leakages of all the chemicals used should be explained. Full visual inspections should be carried out on all pressure handling equipment during rig up. Ensure that all operational personnel in the work area are made fully aware of the pressure hazard and are told to keep clear of the area when not actually performing duties. Any defects at all should result in the item being marked defective and laid aside. Pressure • • During Stimulation operations pressure will be used to inject the fluid into the wellbore and for the transfer of fluids between tanks and pumps. A pressure test and wall thickness certificate is only proof that the equipment was acceptable on that date. Details such as LD50s and flash points do not need to be conveyed to the operators.2. it is essential to keep the operational personnel in safe areas when ever possible.2. • • 15. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 166 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Safety Data Sheets • • When operating with chemicals of any kind ensure that the safety data sheet for each chemical is available both at the safety meeting and in the work area.A.

The stimulation company will provide details of the equipment and chemicals required. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 167 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15. The stimulation equipment may be rigged up on the pipe deck or skid deck. together with data sheets for all chemicals that are to be used.1. and the relevant work permits. The stimulation company will also provide details of their quality assurance and safety procedures.ARPO ENI S. and accessible. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will ensure that all relevant equipment and materials are on site in a timely manner. and of his tank operators.p. together with the Safety Officer will make an inspection to ensure that there is no other work going on which may affect the operation. and the nature of the operations. and the manning requirements. The Completions and Workover Superintendent will confirm that the well to be worked on is available. or wellhead area. Where possible the pump unit operator will have an unobstructed view of the rig floor. This will include dimensions and weights of individual items.4. All manifolding and valves will be within easy reach of the stimulation crew members. All permits will be revalidated at the end of each shift. All work will be conducted according to the Permit to Work System. No work can be performed without an authorised work programme. The equipment will be situated such that the length of pressurised lines. Should the rig be required then he will confirm its availability. Only equipment with valid test certificates will be use for rigging up and during the operation. Permits may not be valid for 12 hours on crew change days.A. 15. Personnel involved in the operation will carry radios at all times.4. These procedures will be approved by the Company. The stimulation company will be provided with well details. . The Area Authorities. PERMIT REQUIREMENTS Note: • • • • • • • Note: • • • All permits will be issued in accordance with the Installation Permit to Work System. are minimised. and lines carrying acid. All lines will be pressure tested with water according to the values stated in the stimulation programme.3. RIG-UP PROCEDURES • • • • • • 15. Equipment Preparation and Siting The stimulation company will have a rig up procedure that has been approved by the Company in advance.

Inspect all items for wear or damage and do not use any defective items. Pressure tests will be monitored for 15 mins on a chart recorder.p.A.2. The PRV is to be isolated during pressure test. Pressure Testing • • • Note: • • Pressure testing should be performed with all lines and spaces to be tested full of water. 15. Ensure equipment is rigged-up with sufficient clear escape routes. . The pressure testing will be witnessed by the Well Operations Supervisor.ARPO ENI S.5 times the maximum operating pressure.3. Equipment Rig-Up • • • When rigging up equipment ensure that all pressure operating items carry valid test certificates. The chart will be labelled and stored for reference.4. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 168 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15. Testing with nitrogen should be avoided. Pressure testing will take place to 1.4.

Normally this pressure will include a safety factor.p. well head. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 169 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15.5. Ensure treating line runs are kept as short and direct as possible without causing unnecessary obstruction. Normally the limiting factor will be the formation breakdown pressure. • • • • 15. Treating Lines • • • Inspect all treating lines thoroughly.e. It is normally undesirable to fracture the formation while performing a matrix acid treatment. Each individual line. A pumping schedule will be prepared in advance by the service company. coiled tubing reel. . and a revised treatment performed. The maximum allowable pump pressure will be determined during the design phase of the job.ARPO ENI S. Ensure that each fluid or nitrogen pump is fitted with a check valve. Lines should be tied together using a steel cable and clamps.4. i.5. This test will establish the injectivity of the formation and will give a baseline on which to provide a preliminary estimate of the treatment effectiveness. If during the stimulation treatment there are any significant variations from this schedule the job will be shut down and the cause investigated.4. When treating at high rates and as a general practice. 15. kill line. ensure sufficient flexibility in the treating line by incorporating chicksan bridges in the line. A check valve should also be fitted to the treating point. The lines should also be tied off where possible to fixed objects such as pad eyes. Mark and set aside defective treating equipment. should be clamped to the cable.A. Rigging Down • • Rigging down will only take place once the Workover Superintendent or company representative has given permission. Therefore a maximum allowable surface pressure will be clearly stated in the stimulation programme.4. Cavitation and high pump rates can stress lines and back off unions by vibration unless the line is flexible. TREATMENT PROCEDURES The parameters for any job will be dependent on several factors: • • • • Capacity of the surface equipment Injectivity of the formation Formation pressure Formation breakdown pressure. swing or other treating pipe. The existing Hot Work permit may be used if still valid otherwise a new Cold Work permit may be obtained. If necessary the treatment will be circulated out of the well. Pressures If a matrix acid treatment is to be carried out an injection test will be performed before any treatment. Check valves should be fitted with bleed-off needle valves.

e. and a slow pump rate may be required.5. . Normally this type of damage is shallow. The soak time will be dependent on the volume of scale to be removed.ARPO ENI S. and the speed at which the acid is being pumped. The methods for the placement of acid are given below. and allow it to soak before back flushing the well Run coiled tubing and jet the scale with dissolver.5. HF does react with sandstone. As no two jobs will be the same the procedures given below are guidelines only.1. but large quantities of acid.5. Therefore it is unlikely that adequate fracture flow capacity would be obtained economically by reaction of the acid.4. the method to be used will be dependent on prevailing circumstances.A.2. little more than an inch or so deep. acid concentration. The particular method used will depend on the nature of the scale in the well. The types of treatment that can be implemented are: • • Spot the dissolver. Fracture Acidising Fracture acidising is not recommended in sandstone reservoir units. and excessive contact times are required before significant quantities of sandstone are dissolved. 15. 15. Scale Dissolver HCl can be used for dissolving carbonate based scales. Other treatments may require rapid pump rates to ensure that any reaction products are removed quickly. HCl does not react with sandstone.5. or invading the formation. Matrix Acidising Matrix acidising is commonly used in mud or clay damaged sandstone formations. The acid may then be left to soak for a pre-determined period. but proprietary blends of scale dissolver are required for sulphate based scale. Mud damage is due to the bentonite in the mud coating the formation face. Acid Wash Acid washes are used primarily for cleaning up of scaled tubulars. i. Some treatments will require a soak period. 15. 15. The best method for acid washing is to use coiled tubing to spot the acid precisely across the area to be treated. and then displaced out of the well.3. Success of fracture acidising depends on the creation of a conductive fracture. The actual procedures will be dependent on the nature of the work to be done.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 170 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Pump Rates Pump rates will be clearly stated in the individual stimulation programme. The rate of dissolution will depend on the nature of the deposits. and acid volume.

Perforating damage when perforating overbalanced.p.ARPO ENI S. Use of coiled tubing also minimises the amount of contamination in the preflush and so saves time and chemical costs.A. Such compounds can be dissolved by introducing an aromatic solvent (e. . 15. or migration to take place. TROS 94-19) in the production conduit. The presence of these compounds can either cause an increase in the viscosity of the crude (reducing vertical lift performance) or can be deposited when the temperature is reduced.e. i. formation plugs up) it is easier to remove unspent acid from the well by straight forward circulation. An advantage with bullheading is that high rates can be pumped and rig up is more straightforward.g. Coiled Tubing This method is preferred to bullheading as placement of the acid is more precise than if it was bullheaded into place. or if the reservoir is naturally fractured whole mud lost to the formation. These products may then be pushed into the formation resulting in damage. Back-flushing of spent acid may be more difficult and time consuming if bullheading is used. Asphaltene and Wax/Dissolvers Asphaltenes and waxes are high molecular weight compounds that can occur in some crude oils.7. 15. remove damage due to drilling and workover fluids. Deposition may occur in the production conduit and/or topside processing facilities. Should a job go wrong (e. Naturally occurring clays being adversely affected by mud filtrate or brine causing swelling. Mud solids plugging the pore space. Bullhead Bullheading acid can be potentially wasteful of the amount of acid used for a treatment.6. either by bullheading or by placement with coiled tubing. or causing high water saturations leading to water blocking. A disadvantage with using coiled tubing is that the displacement rate may be restricted.g. 15.5. STIMULATION TECHNICAL INFORMATION Stimulation is used for two main reasons.5.5. and improve productivity by increasing the effective permeability around the well bore. as the well can be lifted with nitrogen if the reservoir pressure is low. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 171 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15. It is possible that some of the acid will react with scale and other products deposited on the inside of the tubing. The damage may result from: • • • • • Filtrate invasion forming stable emulsions with oil. Clean up is also more effective with coiled tubing. Scale formation across the perforations.6. Acid may also be used for removing scale deposits in the perforations and completion equipment.5.

Velocity In general increasing velocity will reduce the time it takes for acid to react. Factors Affecting Acid Reaction Pressure As pressure increases to 500psi reaction rate is reduced.6. 15. such as acetic acid and formic acid. the greater the volume of calcium carbonate the faster the reaction. which will have a role in reaction kinetics.g.p. For temperature from 75oF to 250oF. limestone) the acid may tend to 'wormhole'. The increase ion by-products resulting from the stronger acids acts as a retarder to the acid as its strength reduces. The main types of acid used in sandstone acidising are hydrochloric acid (HCl). For example: • • 25% HCl reacts faster than 10% HCl in a limestone. . Surface Area The greater the surface area exposed to acid the faster the acid will react. For instance acid will react three times faster at 300oF than at 150oF.A. so limiting the depth of penetration of the acid. Once this has been done the procedure can be finalised.1. Formation Composition The chemical and physical composition of the formation will have an effect on the reaction rate. production history and.ARPO ENI S. completion fluids. above 750psi pressure has little effect on reaction rate. Where possible the stimulation company will be provided with details of formation fluids. 30% HCl will take approximately three times longer to react than 15% HCl. However the initial reaction rates are faster. But when the strength of the 25% acid is reduced to 10% its reaction rate is less than that of a 10% acid concentration. Temperature The speed of any chemical reaction is directly affected by temperature. can also be used in conjunction with HF and HCl. a core or scale sample. Acid Concentration The greater the strength of hydrochloric acid the longer it will take to react to completion. Increase in temperature will also lead to more severe corrosion of the well bore tubulars. This may be offset by the increase in penetration rate. and hydrofluoric acid (HF). if possible. and so penetrate to a greater depth than might be thought. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 172 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 The type of damage will have to be assessed prior to the job. Organic acids. Increasing temperature will cause a reduction in viscosity. However in anisotropic formations (e.

and also has a significant effect on the rate of the reaction. with the HF being liberated by the reaction of HCl on ammonium bifluoride. Excess HCl is used as it tends to increase the solubility of some of the secondary reaction products. This can result in up to 80% loss of water. from LCM material. A summary of commonly used acids and their reactions is presented in figure 15. or scale build up).p.ARPO ENI S.a.A. Formations with damage due to clay migration. . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 173 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 HCl will not dissolve sand or clays.g. HF does have the ability to dissolve silica (sand) or silicates such as clay. As bentonite is a silicate it can be dissolved by HF acid. It will also partially dehydrate any water swollen clays that may be present. It will dissolve any carbonates present in the formation (e. When hydrated bentonite is in contact with HCl an ion exchange occurs. HF is usually pumped as an HCl-HF acid mixture. or bentonite from drilling mud can be treated with HF. and shrinkage are of the clay particles. This results in the sodium bentonite being altered to hydrogen bentonite. silt and feldspar. shale.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 174 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15.ARPO ENI S.A.A .2. Acid Properties Figure 15.6.p.Properties of Commonly Used Acids .

such as guar. They are particularly important when coiled tubing is being used. They then drop off and fall into the sump when pumping stops.p. as the frictional pressure drop can be considerable.7. Diverting Agents To ensure that the total interval of interest is to be properly stimulated it will be necessary to limit the amount of acid penetrating any zones of high permeability and/or low pressure.000 gals in order to achieve a reduction in friction pressure of 65-80%. . Chemical diverting agents bind together to form an impermeable skin across the perforations. or within the formation. They may be used for the same function as blocking agents. or in removing scale or cement particles from sand faces. or formation surfaces so improving contact. such as ball sealers of high specific gravity are pumped at sufficient velocity to plug off the perforations. cellulose. or through increased viscosity by using natural or artificial gums to thicken the acid. Diverting agents available are both mechanical and chemical in nature. Retarders Retarders are used to decrease the reaction rate to achieve increased penetration away from the wellbore. They aid acid penetration of oil films present in the pores. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 175 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 15. etc. Fluid Loss Additives Fluid loss additives are mainly used in fracture treatments as an aid to extending the fractures by minimising bleed off of the treating fluid into the faces of the fracture. They are added in concentrations varying from 1 to 4lb/1.ARPO ENI S. Mechanical means.A. This is done by adding a diverting agent to the treatment. They must be soluble in hydrocarbons or water to allow clean-up on back flushing. Surfactants Surfactants lower the surface tension of the acid solutions. They also aid back flushing and return of spent acid during clean up by decreasing the resistance of the formation to acid flow. This is done by using chemicals which deposit a film over the rock after initial acid contact. Normally they are natural or synthetic polymers. They assist acid penetration into microscopic pores in tight formations. ACID ADDITIVES Several chemicals may be added to the acid in order to alter its chemical or physical characteristics (Refer to the Drilling Fluids Manual). The most commonly used are: Friction Reducer These are added to reduce the frictional pressure drop while displacing acid into the well.

This is particularly important. Iron sequestering additives. as the formation of an emulsion may block the pores completely.p.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 176 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Demulsifiers Demulsifiers are used to reduce the tendency of the acid to form an emulsion with oil within the formation. Iron Retention Additives Iron hydroxides that form during a stimulation job may tend to deposit in both existing and newly created flow channels. They can be complex organic substances which can inhibit both the anodic and cathodic reactions at the same time. . Additional Additives Other additives which may be used are: • • • • Alcohol (aids clean up in water blocked gas zones) Clay stabilisers Scale inhibitor Paraffin inhibitors.ARPO ENI S. or a synergistic blend of sequestering and pH control agents together may help prevent the precipitation of iron and other metallic salts or bases as the acid reacts. Sequestering is achieved by complexing the ions of the iron with the additive so they remain in solution. Corrosion Inhibitors Corrosion inhibitors are used to minimise damage of the downhole tubulars by the acid.

Report Forms A.ARPO ENI S.p.1st Flange Cellar Pit Depth [m] Length [m] Width [m]: Manufacturer Type WELL NAME FIELD NAME Cost center ARPO 01 Well Code Joint venture AGIP: % % % Type of Operation % % % Program TD (Measured) Program TD (Vertical) Rig Pump [m] [m] Liner avaible [in] Major Contractors Type of Service Mud Logging D.A. Rig RKB .L . & C. Fluids Cementation Waste treatment Operating Time Moving Positioning Anchorage Rig-up Delay Lost-time Accidents Company Contract N° Type of Service Company Contract N° Jack-up leg Penetration [gg:hh] [hh:min] [hh:min] [hh:min] [hh:min] [hh:min] Rig Anchorage Leg N° Air gap [m] Penetration [m] N° Supply Vessel for Positioning Name Horse Power Bollard pull [t] Anchor Bow N° 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Note: Angle Type & Manufacturer Weight [t] Mooring Line Length Cable [m] Chain [m] Piggy Back Weight N° [t] Length [m] Mooring Line Chain Ø [mm] Cable Length [m] Ø [mm] Tension Operative [Tested] [t] Tension [t] Total Time [hh:min] Supervisor Superintendent .[m] First Flange[m] Top housing [m] Reference Rig Ref.1. Ground Level[m] Water Depth [m] Rotary Table Elev. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 177 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Appendix A . Initial Activity Report (ARPO 01) District/Affiliate Company DATE: Permit/Concession N° General Data On shore Latitude: Longitude Reference Rig Name Rig Type Contractor Rig Heading [°] Offset FROM the proposed location Distance [m] Direction [°] Off shore INITIAL ACTIVITY REPORT Depth Above S.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 178 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A. Date Hour [g/l] Mud in pits Additives Daily Progr. [s/l] Cl.Work Over District/Affiliate Company DATE: Completion Rig Name Type of Rig Contractor Well Head Type W.ARPO ENI S.P.p. Date Hour Left Loc. ID Steel Grade Thickness Top Bottom Top cmt From [hr] To [hr] [lb/ft] [m] [m] [m] [inch] [inch] [psi] Work Over Well Type Well Drilled On Last Intervention Date BOP Stack Diverter Annular Annular Upper Rams Middle Rams Middle Rams Middle Rams Lower Rams Last Test Type Ø Well Code WELL NAME FIELD NAME ARPO 02 Modified Cost center Report N° RT Elevation Ground Lelel / Water Depth RT .p.2. [psi] Costs Rig Service Materials Logistic Personnel Agip Rig Others Total Boarding Leaving Daily of [m] [m] [m] Cumulative OP.1st flange w. Cost 3 Stock Quantity UM Stock Quantity UM Supervisor: .A. Production casing Ø nom. Daily Service Cost Losses [m ] [m3] Cumulative Serv. Code OPERATION DESCRIPTION Operations at 07:00 Mud Situation Mud Type Density [kg/l] Contractor Visc./ O/W pH / ES Type of Service Working Stand by Hours Hours Arrived on Loc. Daily Report (ARPO 02) DAILY REPORT Completion .

[ l/m] Bottom [m] Cement retainer Squeeze packer Manufacturer Model / Type Ø [inch] Depth [m] Injectivity Test with: Pump Rate [l/min] Testing Pr. through DV Total Circulation / Displacement / Squeeze Time [mins.3.: Type Ø Length [m] Cap. Cementing Job Report (ARPO 04B) District/Affiliate Company DATE: Operation type CEMENTING JOB REPORT ARPO-04 / B Ø [in] SQUEEZE / PLUG WELL NAME FIELD NAME Cost center Stage / No. [kg/cm 2] Returns Vol [l] Test Stinger Pressure test Annular pressure [kg/cm 2] [mins] CEMENTATION Operation (y/n) Casing Reciprocation Casing Rotation Inner string GENERAL DATA Slurry Displacement With Fluid type: Volume Density: Duration: Final pressure: [m3] [kg/l] [mins] [kg/cm 2] Mud Spacer Slurry pumps To Surface Density [kg/l] pH Dumped [m 3] Losses [m3] During csg run Circulation Mix/Pump Slurry Displacement Opening DV Circ.ARPO ENI S. pumped [l] Final Sqz Pr. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 179 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A. [kg/cm 2] Tot. Flow Rate [l/min] Pressure [kg/cm 2] Total Volume [l] Operation Description Final Press. Vol.A. [kg/cm 2] Returns Vol.] Partial Progr. [l] Bump Plug Valve holding Casing testing pressure Annulus pressurization [kg/cm 2] [mins] Supervisor Superintendent .p.

4.ARPO ENI S.A.concentration (g/l ) Water consumption Usage Mixing Mud Others Total Fresh water Phase /Period [m ] Recycled Total Fresh water 3 Cumulative [m ] Recycled Total 3 Readings / Truck Fresh water [m3] Recycled [m3] Mud Volume [m ] Mixed Lost Dumped Transported IN Transported OUT 3 Phase Cumulative Service Mud Company Waste Disposal Transportation Company Contract N° Waste Disposal Water base cuttings Oil base cuttings Dried Water base cuttings Dried oil base cuttings Water base mud Oil base mud transported IN Oil base mud transported OUT Drill potable water Dehidrated water base mud Dehidrated oil base mud Sewage water Transported Brine [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] [t] Period Cumulative Remarks Remarks Supervisor Superintendent . Waste Report (ARPO 6) WASTE DISPOSAL Management Report District/Affiliate Company DATE: Report N° From [m] To [m] Phase size [in] Depth (m) Interval Drilled (m) Drilled Volume [m ] Cumulative volume [m ] 3 3 WELL NAME FIELD NAME ARPO-06 Cost center Mud Type Density (kg/l) Cl.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 180 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.

Max.1 st Flange [°] [m] Workover Rig RKB .P.D.D.ARPO ENI S.5. [m] Steel Grade Service Company Perforation System Wireline TCP Thru Tubing Data Gun Type Overbalance Underbalance Differential Pressure [kg/cm2] Gun Specific.1 st Flange Workover Rig RKB . Perforating Report (ARPO 07) District/Affiliate Company DATE: Well location Onshore Offshore Total Depth Well Type Vertical Deviated Horizontal Well Situation Liner Casing Casing Tubing Packer Tubing shoe Size [Ø] M.F Completion fluid Fluid in front of Perforation Fluid Losses after Perforation Measured Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] Vertical Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] Pool Density Density [kg/l] [kg/l] [m3] Remarks Note: Supervisor Superintendent . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 181 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.Sea Level Workover Rig RKB .D.D.p. Gun Ø Charge Type S.V.A. T.Sea Bottom Thickness [lb/ft] Measured Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] Final Completion Report [date] Final Workover Report [date] Reference Logs: Recorded on: Vertical Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] Cement Top M.V. [m] T. inclination at Formation name: Lithology PERFORATING REPORT ARPO-07 WELL NAME FIELD NAME Cost center Pool: [m] Rotary Table Measurement [m] Drilling Rig RKB .

[pptg] Completion assembly Type Size [inch] I. [Kg/l] P. >30° Hor. Y.00 0.[cps] NTU Concentr.[m] Fluid losses Losses [m 3/h] Total [m3] Losses Control Gravel Fluids Name / Salt Density [Kg/l] LCM Drilling Reservoir Parameter WELL NAME FIELD NAME Cost center Reservoir fluid Density [Kg/l] Layer : Perforation Bottom [m] Viscosity [Cps] Water Salinity [ppm] Pay Zone Inclination [°] Porosity [%] Net Pay (VD) [m] SBHT [°C] SBHP [kg/cm 2] Permeability [mD] to [ ] HC [ ] Brine Top [m] UB/OB [psi] Underreaming After Perforating After Back Surging Volume [m3] Pilot hole Underreamed Ø min Ø max Ø med Caliper Annulus Pad Carrier Displacement Well Schetch Drilling Underream Completion Visc.00 P P P P P P P P P P P P P P psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at psi at GRAVEL PACK PERFORATING REPORT ARPO-08 Formation name: Lithology: Pool: Ø [inch]Production casing Weight [lb/ft] Shoe M.V.D.ARPO ENI S.D.V. [Cp] Polymer Visc.00 0.A. Gravel Pack Report (ARPO 08) District/Affiliate Company DATE: Well Location Onshore Offshore Well Type Vert. > 80° Type of job OHGP ICGP F&P TTGP Well data Ø Top [m] Bottom [m] Fluid Type Dens. [m] N/G [%] at m at m Shoe T. < 30° Dev.00 0.D. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 182 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.P.p.6. Tool Position Fluid Type Gravel [ppa] Flow rate [bpm] IN OUT Time [hh:mm] Remarks: Gravel Packing Details Gravel Type: Gravel Size: Total Gravel left in hole: Gravel injected into the formation: Gravel volume reversed out: Top Gravel [Log] : [US mesh] [lb] [lb/ft] [lb] [m] Comments: ASCII files: #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 Content . Circulation test RCP BOP open Pann Pann Pann Pann RCP BOP Pann Pann 0. [inch] From [m] To [m] closed Pann Pann UCP Pann Pann MCP Pann Pann LCP Pann Pann S. [pptg] Filtration [µm] Breaker Type Name Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm bpm Gravel Pack operation Tools Concentr.

[psi] Injection Index [bbl/day/psi] Casing Press.Vol. [psi] Notes Notes / Remarks: Supervisor Superintendent . Press.V.p. [m ] Open hole Perfor.D.A. [m] Top liner [m] Reservoir Parameters Reservoir fluid Density [Kg/l] 2 Gradient [Kg/cm /10 m.D. injection rate [bpm] Max. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 N° Fluid Ref. [m] Open hole Ø Prod. Matrix Stimulation Report (ARPO 09) MATRIX STIMULATION HYDRAULIC FRACTURING District/Affiliate Company DATE: Well Location Onshore Offshore Well Type Vertical Deviated Horizontal Treatment Type Matrix stimulation Acid Solvent Other Hydraulic Fracturing Foam Water base Oil base Other Acid Fracturing Acid Gelled acid Acid + Gel Other Fluid Ref. [in] String capacity [l] Packer . Formation [lb/gal] [psi] Injected Circulated Final Press. Proppant Initial Entering in Concentr.09 General Data M. interval Slotted liner From [m] To [m] Treatment Data Service Company HHP avaible Initial Shut-in pressure [psi] Annulus pressure [psi] Pressure test [psi] Max.] Fracturing gradient [calculated] Fracturing gradient [tested] Porosity % SBHT [°C] at m 2 SBHP [kg/cm ] at m Main Frac Treatment Proppant type: API Mesh Size Amount of Propant [t] 3 Total Frac Fluid Vol. net perf.D.: Formation name: Pool: Lithology: Completion Data Bottom hole gauge [Y / N] Type Wellhead type Packer type Packer fluid Density Fluid in well at operation beginning String O. casing / liner Ø Shoe M. Volume [m ] 3 [m ] Pumping Parameter Progr.7. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 183 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.ARPO ENI S.Top perforation Volume [l] ARPO . Starting Time Pumping Rate [bbl/1'] Volume 3 WELL NAME FIELD NAME Cost center Interval to be Treated Tot. injection pressure [psi] Pumping time [min] Pumping time [min] Equipment Coiled Tubing [Y / N] Ø Stimulation vessel / Other equipment Operation Description Fluid Schedule Fluid Composition Fluid Type Density [kg/l] Mixed Volume [m 3] Progr. [m] T.D.

A. Of . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 184 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.8.ARPO ENI S.p.[kg/l]: Mud in hole Max inclination [°] @m DROP OFF [m] Solutions Applied: Results Obtained: Solutions Applied: Results Obtained: Solutions Applied: Results Obtained: Solutions Applied: Results Obtained: Supervisor Supervisor Supervisor Remarks at District level: Superintendent Lost Time Remarks at HQ level hh:mm Loss value [in currency] Pag. Well Problem Report (ARPO 13) District/Affiliate Company DATE: Problem Code Well Situation Open hole Last casing Well problem Description Ø WELL PROBLEM REPORT ARPO -13 Top [m] Bottom [m] Measured Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] Vertical Depth Top [m] Bottom [m] KOP FIELD NAME WELL NAME Cost center Start date End date [m] Type Dens.

p. Malfunction & Failure Report(FB-1) MALFUNCTION & FAILURE REPORT (FEED BACK REPORT 01) District/Subsidiary Report Date: Well Name: Contract No: Service/Supply: Drilling Completio n Contract Type: Workover Well Code: General Information Contractor: Duration Dates of Failure: Distributed By: RIG SITE Description of Failure: Drilling & Completions Company Man: Adopted or Suggested Solution(s): Contractor Contingency Measures: Contractor Representative: DISTRICT OR SUBSIDIARY NOTES: Failure Classification Technical Management/Organisation Safety/Quality Status Normal Extreme Innovative Adverse Operations Manager: Time Lost: Estimated Cost of Failure: MILAN HEAD OFFICE NOTES: Analysis Code: .9. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 185 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.A.ARPO ENI S.

A.: Time Lost (Hr.: Contract Type: Contractor: Service/Supply: Distributed By: R1 Technical Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No.p.Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Suitability of Equipment and Materials Compliance of Equipment and Materials to the Contract of Personnel Adequacy Meeting with Operational Programme Requirements Meeting with Contract Operation Timings Equipment Condition/Maintenance R2 Management and Organisational Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No.: Time Lost (Hr.ARPO ENI S. Contractor Evaluation (FB-2) CONTRACTOR EVALUATION (FEED BACK REPORT 02) District/Subsidiary Report Date: Well Name: Well Code: General Information Contract No.Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Availability of Equipment and Materials Technical and Operational Support to Operations Capability and Promptness to Operational Requests R3 Safety and Quality Assurance Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 186 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 A.: Time Lost (Hr.10.Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Meeting with the Contract Agreement DSS Availability and Validity of Requested Certificates Meeting with Contract Quality Assurance Terms Event Support Documentation Type of Subject: Issued By: Document: Date: Notes: Failure Status Normal Extreme Operations Manager Drilling & Completions Manager Adverse Innovative .

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 187 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Appendix B . Direct Current Anchor Handling Towing Supply American Petroleum Institute Background gas Bottom Hole Assembly Bottom Hole Pressure Bottom Hole temperature Blast Joint Blue Methylene Test Blow Out Preventer Barrel Per Day Barrels Per Minute Back Pressure Valve Base Sediment and Water Build Up Rate By Weight Of Cement By Weight Of Water Control Line Cement Bond Log Centre to Centre Distance Casing Collar Locator Common Depth Point Cement Evaluation Tool Condensate Gas Ratio Cement Conductor Pipe Cement Retainer Corrosion Resistant Alloy Casing Coiled Tubing Current Well Drill Collar Diatomaceous Earth Down Hole Motor Down Hole Safety Valve Drill in Fluid Dog Leg Potential Dog Leg Severity Drilling & Completion Manager Diesel Oil Bentonite Diesel Oil Bentonite Cement Drop Off Rate Drill Pipe Drill Pipe Hang off Tool Drilling .p.ABBREVIATIONS AC/DC AHTS API BG BHA BHP BHT BJ BMT BOP BPD BPM BPV BSW BUR BWOC BWOW C/L CBL CCD CCL CDP CET CGR CMT CP CR CRA CSG C/T CW DC DE DHM DHSV DIF DLP DLS D&CM DOB DOBC DOR DP DPHOT DRLG Alternate Current.A.ARPO ENI S.

High Temperature Horsepower per Square Foot Heavy Weight Drill Pipe International Drilling Contractor Inside Blow Out Preventer Inside Casing Gravel Packing Inside Diameter Imposta Fabbricazione Ridotta Internal Pressure Inflow Performance Relationship Joint Make-up Torque Analyser .ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 188 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 DST DV E/L ECD ECP EMS EMW EOC EP ESD ESP ETA ETU FBHP FBHT FC FINS FPI/BO FTHP FTHT GCT GLR GLS GMS GOC GOR GP GPM GPS GR GRA GSS HAZOP HDT HHP HO HP/HT HSI HW/HWDP IADC IBOP ICGP ID IFR IP IPR JAM Drill Stem Test DV Collar Electric Line Equivalent Circulation Density External Casing Packer Electronic Multi Shot Equivalent Mud Weight End Of Curvature External Pressure Electric Shut-Down System Electrical Submersible Pump Expected Arrival Time Endless Tubing Unit Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure Flowing Bottom Hole Temperature Flow Coupling Ferranti International Navigation System Free Point Indicator / Back Off Flowing Tubing Head Pressure Flowing Tubing Head Temperature Guidance Continuous Tool Gas Liquid Ratio Guidelineless Landing Structure Gyro Multi Shot Gas Oil Contact Gas Oil Ratio Gravel Pack Gallon (US) per Minute Global Positioning System Gamma Ray Guidelines Re-Entry Assembly Gyro Single Shot Hazard and Operability High Resolution Dipmeter Hydraulic Horsepower Hole Opener High Pressure .A.p.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 189 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 KMW KOP L/D L/S LAT LC 50 LCDT LCM LCP LEL LMRP LN LOT LQC LTA LTT LWD M/D M/U MAASP MD MLH MLS MMS MODU MOP MPI MSCL MSL MSS MUT MW MWD N/D N/U NACE NB NDT NMDC NSG NTU OBM OD OEDP OH OHGP OIM Kill Mud Weight Kick Off Point Lay Down Long String Lowest Astronomical Tide Lethal Concentration 50% Last Crystal to Dissolve oC Lost Circulation Materials Lower Circulation Position (GP) Lower Explosive Limit Low Marine Riser Package Landing Nipple Leak Off Test Log Quality Control Lost Time Accident Lower Tell Table (GP) Log While Drilling Martin Decker Make Up Max Allowable Annular Surface Pressure Measured Depth Mudline Hanger Mudline Suspension Magnetic Multi Shot Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Margin of Overpull Magnetic Particle Inspection Modular Single Completion Land Mean Sea Level Magnetic Single Shot Make up Torque Mud Weight Measurement While Drilling Nipple Down Nipple Up National Association of Corrosion Engineers Near Bit Stabiliser Non Destructive Test Non Magnetic Drill Collar North Seeking Gyro Nephelometric Turbidity Unit Oil Base Mud Outside Diameter Open End Drill Pipe Open Hole Open Hole Gravel Packing Offshore Installation Manager .ARPO ENI S.A.p.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 190 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 OMW ORP OWC P&A P/U PBR PCG PDC PDM PGB PI PKR PLT POB POOH PPB PPG ppm PTR PV PVT Q Q/A Q/C R/D R/U RBP RCP RFT RIH RJ RKB ROE ROP ROU ROV RPM RPSP RT S (HDT) S/N SBHP SBHT SCC SD SDE SF SG Original Mud weight Origin Reference Point Oil Water Contact Plugged & Abandoned Pick up Polished Bore Receptacle Pipe Connection Gas Polycrystalline Diamond Cutter Positive Displacement Motor Permanent Guide Base Productivity Index Packer Production Logging Tool Personnel On Board Pull Out Of Hole Pounds per Barrel Pounds per Gallon Part Per Million Piano Tavola Rotary Plastic Viscosity Pressure Volume Temperature Flow Rate Quality Assurance. Quality Control Rig down Rug up Retrievable Bridge Plug Reverse Circulating Position Repeat Formation Test Run In Hole Ring Joint Rotary Kelly Bushing Radius of Exposure Rate Of Penetration Radios Of Uncertainty Remote Operated Vehicle Revolutions Per Minute Reduced Pump Strokes Rotary Table High Resolution Dipmeter Serial Number Static Bottom Hole Pressure Static Bottom Hole Temperature Stress Corrosion Cracking Separation Distance Senior Drilling Engineer Safety Factor Specific Gravity .p.ARPO ENI S.A.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 191 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 SICP SIDPP SIMOP SPM SR SRG SSC ST STG TCP TD TFA TG TGB TOC TOL TVD TW UAR UGF UR VBR VDL VSP W/L WBM WC WL WOB WOC WOW WP YP Shut-in Casing Pressure Shut-in Drill Pipe Pressure Simultaneous Operations Stroke per Minute Separation Ratio Surface Readout Gyro Sulphide Stress Cracking Steering Tool Short trip gas Tubing Conveyed Perforations Total Depth Total Flow Area Trip Gas Temporary Guide Base Top of Cement Top of Liner True Vertical Depth Target Well Uncertainty Area Ratio Universal Guide Frame Under Reamer Variable Bore Rams (BOP) Variable Density Log Velocity Seismic Profile Wire Line Water Base Mud Water Cut Water Loss Weight On Bit Wait On Cement Wait On Weather Working Pressure Yield Point .A.p.ARPO ENI S.

A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 192 OF 192 REVISION STAP -P-1-M-7120 0 Appendix C .BIBLIOGRAPHY Document: Completion Design Manual Drilling Procedures Manual Drilling Fluids Manual Well Control Policy Manual Well Test Manual Wireline Procedures Manual STAP Number STAP-P-1-7100 STAP-P-1-6140 STAP I N 6051 STAP-P-1-6150 STAP-P-1-7130 STAP-P-1-7110 Other API Specification No 811-05CT5 .ARPO ENI S.p.

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