Absorption Systems

Types Ammonia Absorption Lithium Bromide Absorption Ammonia water/ hydrogen Lithium bromide water

- Ammonia Absorption: Is not used in commercial building applications due to the quantities of ammonia gas. There for normally used where hazards are very slight - Lithium Bromide: Is commonly used for chilled water systems in commercial + industrial applications - Major Components: -Absorber -Condenser -Evaporator -Generator or Concentrator -Pumps Major liquids Used: -Water: Used as the refrigerant located in the evaporator -Lithium Bromide: Used as an absorbent for water vapor found in the absorber Terminology: Absorbent: Is the liquid that has the ability to absorb large amounts of water vapor (Lithium bromide) Absorber: Component where the vapor is absorbed by the absorbent Condenser: Component used to condense the water vapor returning from the generator Evaporator: Component used to absorb heat from the area to be cooled or the chilled water circuit Strong Bromide Solution: A solution of lithium bromide and water (Which has a relatively low concentration of water vapors). The solution which leaves the generator back to the absorber Weak Bromide Solution: A solution of lithium bromide and water (which has a relatively high concentration of water vapors). The solution which leaves the absorber and enters the generator

12 PSIA Heat Exchanger: Used to cool strong solution from the generator before entering absorber as well as heating up weak solution from absorber before entering the generator Crystallization: Is when the salt crystals precipitate out of the solution.1. If allowed to accumulate they can have the following affects -Reduction in capacity (Higher leaving chilled water temp. This is normally with in the heat exchanger because the strong bromide solution has been dropped below 110°F at 65% concentration Purge Units: Non condensables are always present in absorption machines.Solution Pumps: Used to move system fluids -Between absorber + Generator -Circulate water with in the evaporator High Side: Contains the condenser + Generator .) -Crystallization (Because of a reduction in load) -Corrosion = oxygen + salt solution Methods of Removal: -Mechanical vacuum pump -Non-mechanical continuous purge units *Note: Crystallization starts at a higher temperature .47 PSIA Low Side: Contains the evaporator + absorber ± 0.

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