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Transformations III 2011(Old)

# Transformations III 2011(Old)

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# CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III

revision TRANSLATION

A translation is a transformation that takes place when all points in a plane are moved in the same direction through the same distance Object A moves in the same direction for the same distance in the same plane

A

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION
A translation

x y

means a movement of x units

parallel to the x-axis and a movement of y units parallel to the y-axis

The translation shown in the diagram 1

4 is 2
y
A

x DIAGRAM 1

x represents the movement to the right or left which
is parallel to x-axis

y represents the movement upwards or downwards which is parallel to the y-axis

¨ 3¸ Translation © ¹ © 4¹ ª º represents a movement of a distance 3 units to the right and 4 units upwards ¨  3¸ Translation © ©  4¹ ¹ ª º represents a movement of a distance 3 units to the left and 4 units downwards

y
Write the coordinates of the image of A(1,3) under
5

a translation
4

3 1

A (4 , 4) A (1 , 3)

1 3

3

Coordinate of image, A = (4 , 4)

2

1

0

1

2

3

4

5

x

y
If the object A (x , y) is moved under
5 m n

a translation
4 A (1 , 3) A (4 , 4)

1 n m 3

then its image will be A (x + m , y + n) Coordinate of image, A = (1 + 3 , 3 + 1) = (4 , 4)

3

2

1

0

1

2

3

4

5

x

Determining the coordinates of the image under a translation
POINT TRANSLATION (-2,5) (0,-3) (6,-4) (-8,-7) (-9,1)

IMAGE

(2  2,5  5) ! (0,10)

?0  (3),3  2A! (3,1)
(6  0,4  6) ! (6,2)

? 8  7, (7)  (1)A! (1,8) ? 9  (5),1  (1)A! (14,0)

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION

A

3

A 4

The point A is the image of point A under a translation 4
3

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION
4 A

-5

A

The point A is the image of point A under a translation 4
-5

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION
A

5

A -5

The point A is the image of point A under a translation -5
5

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION

A -5

A

The point A is the image of point A under a translation -5
0

DESCRIBING TRANSLATION
-5

-2

A

A

The A is the image of -5 A under a translation -2

y

5 4 3 2 A B 3 A C

C

Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under a translation
B 1 3 1

1

x 0 1 2 3 4 5

Important Tips
Find the translation that maps the point (2 , 4) onto the point (0 , 1) Image Object

0 Translation = 1

-

2 4

-2 = -3

To find a translation under these conditions, subtract the coordinates of the object from the coordinates of its image.

Revision

Translation

Properties of Translation 
The object and its image are identical in shape, size and orientation  All points in the object change their positions to those of the image  Every point is moved in the same direction for the same distance  All lines in the image, if any, are parallel and equal in length to those of the object

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
revision
REFLECTION

Reflection is a form of transformation in which all points in a plane are laterally inverted in a line called the line of reflection or the axis of reflection All points in object A are reflected in the axis of reflection

A

A

Axis of reflection

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
revision
REFLECTION

The coordinates of an image can be determined if the coordinates of the object are provided
y

With reference to the diagram, find the coordinates of the image of point A(3,2) under a reflection in y-axis,

3 2 1 x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 A

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
solution
The perpendicular distance of the object and its image from the axis of reflection is equal The coordinates of the image of point A is (-3,2)
-3 -2 y 3 A 2 1 x -1 0 1 2 3 A

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 x=6

6

Q(3,5)

Q (9,5)

4

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (9,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 x=6

6

Q (3,5)

Q (9,5)

4

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 Distance of the object from the axis of reflection =6-3 =3 Image of point Q(3,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 = (6 + 3, 5) = (9,5)

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q(9,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 Distance of the object from the axis of reflection =9-6 =3 Image of point Q(9,5) under a reflection in the line x = 6 = (6 - 3, 5) = (3,5)

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (7,9) under a reflection in the line y = 6 Q(7,9) y=6

6

4

Q (7,3)
2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q(7,9) under a reflection in the line y = 6 Distance of the object from the axis of reflection =9-6 =3 Image of point Q(7,9) under a reflection in the line y = 6 = (7,6 - 3) = (7,3)

y
6

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (2,3) under a reflection in the x-axis

5 4 3 2 1

Q(2,3)

-4

-3

-2

-1

0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6

1

2

3

4

x

Q (2,-3)

y
6

5

Q(-4,3)

4 3 2 1

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (-4,3) under a reflection in the x-axis

-4

-3

-2

-1

0 -1 -2

1

2

3

4

x

Q (-4,-3)

-3 -4 -5 -6

y
6

Q (-3,5)

5 4 3 2 1

Q(3,5)

-4

-3

-2

-1

0 -1 -2

1

2

3

4

x

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,5) under a reflection in the y-axis

-3 -4 -5 -6

y

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,5) under a reflection in the y-axis

6

5 4 3 2 1

-4

-3

-2

-1

0 -1

1

2

3

4

x

Q (-3,-2)

-2 -3 -4 -5 -6

Q(3,-2)

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,8) under a reflection in the line y = x y=x Q(3,8)

6

4

Q (8,3)

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,8) under a reflection in the line y = x y=x Q(3,8)

6

4

Q (8,3)

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (3,8) under a reflection in the line y = x y=x Q(3,8)

6

4

Q (8,3)

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

y 10 8

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (10,5) under a reflection in the line y = x Q (5,10) y=x

6

Q(10,5)
4

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

y
6

y=x Q(-3,4)
5 4 3 2 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 -3 1 2 3 4 x

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (-3,4) under a reflection in the line y=x

Q (4,-3)

-4 -5 -6

Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (-5,3) under a reflection in the line y = -x
y 10

y=-x Q (-3,5)

8

6

4

Q(-5,3)
-8 -6 -4 -2

2 x

0

2

4

6

y
6

y=-x
5 4 3 2 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 4 x

Q(2,3)

Q (-3,-2) Find the coordinates of the image of point Q (2,3) under a reflection in the line y=-x

-2 -3 -4 -5 -6

Determining the coordinates of the image under a reflection
POINT REFLECTION IN THE IMAGE

(x,y) (x,y) (x,y) (x,y)

x-axis y-axis line y=x line y=-x

(x,-y) (-x,y) (y,x) (-y,-x)

Determining the coordinates of the image under a reflection
POINT REFLECTION IN THE IMAGE

(-2,5) x-axis (4,-3) y-axis (6,-9) line y=x (-8,-7) line y=-x

(-2,-5) (-4,-3) (-9,6) (7,8)

DESCRIBING REFLECTION
EXAMPLE
y 5 C C

4

When an object and its image under a certain reflection are given, the reflection can be described Figure A B C is the image of figure ABC under a reflection in the line x = 2

3

2 A 1

B x=2

B

A

0

1

2

3

4

5

x

DESCRIBING REFLECTION
y 4 3 2 A 1 x -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 B

The point B is the image of point A under a reflection in the y-axis

DESCRIBING REFLECTION
y 4 3 A 2 1 x -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 B

The B is the image of A under a reflection in the y-axis

y

x

revision

REFLECTION

Properties of Reflection 
The object and image are identical in shape and size  The axis of reflection acts as the axis of symmetry between the objects and its image  All points in the axis of reflection remain in their respective positions  The image is laterally inverted

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
revision
ROTATION

Rotation is a form of transformation in which all points in a plane are rotated through an angle in a certain direction about a point The point is called the centre of rotation while the angle is referred to as the angle of rotation
Direction of rotation A Angle of rotation A

In the diagram, point A is rotated clockwise through an angle of 900 about the point 0
Centre of rotation

0

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

900 clockwise rotation about the center C.

C

900 clockwise rotation about the center C.

C

C

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation S represents a 900 anticlockwise rotation about the center (11, 5). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation S.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F¶ F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2 x

F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

The transformation R represents a 900 clockwise rotation about the center (3, 6). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation R.
y 10 8 6 4 2
F

F¶(6, 2)

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation S represents a 900 anticlockwise rotation about the center (11, 5). State the coordinates of the image of the point F under the transformation S.
y 10 8 6 4 2

F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

x

The transformation R represents a 900 anticlockwise rotation about the center (3, 2). State the coordinates of the image of the point K under the transformation R.
y 4

2
K

-4

-2

0

2

4

6

x

-2

-4

The transformation R represents a 900 anticlockwise rotation about the center (3, 2). State the coordinates of the image of the point K under the transformation R.
y 4

2
K

-4

-2

0

2

4
K¶(4,-2)

6

x

-2

-4

The transformation R represents a 1800 rotation about the center (1, 1). State the coordinates of the image of the point K under the transformation R. y 4
K

2

-4

-2

0

x 2 4 6

-2

-4

The transformation R represents a 1800 rotation about the center (1, 1). State the coordinates of the image of the point K under the transformation R.
y 4
K

2

-4

-2
K¶(-2, -1)

0

x 2 4 6

-2

-4

If the object and its image under a rotation are given, the centre, angle and direction of the rotation can be determined.
C

In the Diagram 2, ¨ A·B·C is the image of ¨ ABC under the rotation through 900 clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation

A

B A

B
DIAGRAM 2

C

In the diagram below,  ABC is the image of  ABC under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation
C

(1) Construct the perpendicular bisector of line AA (2) Construct the perpendicular bisector of line CC
A B

A

(3) The point of intersection between the two perpendicular bisectors is the centre of rotation

B

C

Centre of rotation

C C

A A B

B A

A B B C C

If the object and its image under a rotation are given, the centre, angle and direction of the rotation can be determined.

C C

A
A

B A

B
A

B B C

C

If the object and its image under a rotation are given, the centre, angle and direction of the rotation can be determined.

C C

A A B

B A

A B B Centre of rotation C C

If the object and its image under a rotation are given, the centre, angle and direction of the rotation can be determined.

C

A

B A

B Centre of rotation

C

If the object and its image under a rotation are given, the centre, angle and direction of the rotation can be determined.

Determining The Centre of Rotation
In the Diagram 4, point A· is the image of point A under the rotation through 900 anti clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation.
A centre of rotation

A

DIAGRAM 4

Q(3,6)

Q (6,3)

In the Diagram, point Q· is the image of point Q under the rotation through 900 anticlockwise. Determine the centre of rotation.

Q(3,6) Centre

Q (6,3)

In the Diagram, point Q· is the image of point Q under the rotation through 900 anticlockwise. Determine the centre of rotation.

Determining The Centre of Rotation In the Diagram 5, point Q· is the image of point Q under the rotation through 900 anti clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation.

centre of rotation Q Q

DIAGRAM 5

Determining The Centre of Rotation

In the Diagram 6, point T· is the image of point T under the rotation through 900 clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation. centre of rotation

T

T

DIAGRAM 6

Determining The Centre of Rotation

In the Diagram 7, point U· is the image of point U under the rotation through 900 clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation. centre of rotation

U

U

DIAGRAM 7

Determining The Centre of Rotation In the Diagram 8, point W· is the image of point W under the rotation through 900 clockwise. Determine the centre of rotation.

W centre of rotation

W

DIAGRAM 8

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 10 8 6 A 4 2 Q 2 R 4 x P G C

O

6

8

10

12

14

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 10 8 6 A 4 2 Q 2 R 4 x P G C

O

6(7, 0) 8

10

12

14

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 10 8 6 A 4 2 Q 2 R 4 x P G C

O

6(7, 0) 8

10

12

14

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 10 8 6 A 4 2 Q 2 R 4 x P G C

O

6(7, 0) 8

10

12

14

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 10 8 6 A 4 2 Q 2 R 4 x P G C

O

6(7, 0) 8

10

12

14

Trapezium EFGH is the image of trapezium ABCD under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 4 B C 2 A E 2 D F 4 x

-4

-2

O

6

-2

H

G

-4

Trapezium EFGH is the image of trapezium ABCD under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 4 B C 2
(1, 1)

A E 2

D F 4 x

-4

-2

O

6

-2

H

G

-4

Trapezium EFGH is the image of trapezium ABCD under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 4 B C 2
(1, 1)

A E 2

D F 4 x

-4

-2

O

6

-2

H

G

-4

Trapezium EFGH is the image of trapezium ABCD under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 4 B C 2 (1, 1) A E 2 D F 4 x

-4

-2

O

6

-2

H

G

-4

Trapezium EFGH is the image of trapezium ABCD under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y 4 B C 2 (1, 1) A E 2 D F 4 x

-4

-2

O

6

-2

H

G

-4

Trapezium ABCD is the image of trapezium PQRS under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y
8 R 6 S P 4 D 2 A C B Q

0

2

4

6

x

Trapezium ABCD is the image of trapezium PQRS under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y
8 R 6 S P 4 D (1, 3) 2 A B C Q

0

2

4

6

x

Trapezium ABCD is the image of trapezium PQRS under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y
8 R 6 S P 4 D (1, 3) 2 A B C Q

0

2

4

6

x

Trapezium ABCD is the image of trapezium PQRS under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y
8 R 6 S P 4 D (1, 3) 2 A B C Q

0

2

4

6

x

Trapezium ABCD is the image of trapezium PQRS under a rotation. Determine the centre of rotation.
y
8 R 6 S P 4 D (1, 3) 2 A B C Q

0

2

4

6

x

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
revision

ENLARGEMENT

Enlargement is a form of transformation involving invariant point called the centre of enlargement For instance, B
Under an enlargement, all points on a plane, except the centre of enlargement, will move from the centre of enlargement according to a certain ratio known as the scale factor

B A A O C C

CHAPTER 3 : TRANSFORMATIONS III
revision ENLARGEMENT
ABC is

Under enlargement with centre O and scale factor k , mapped onto A B C . B

The scale factor, k = OA = OB = OC OA OB OC

B A A O C C

revision

ENLARGEMENT

Scale Factor
Scale Factor = Distance of a point on the image from the centre of enlargement Distance of the corresponding point on the object from the centre of enlargement Scale Factor = Length of one side of the image Length of the corresponding side of the object

PROPERTIES OF ENLARGEMENT 
The object and its image are similar  Every side of the object is parallel to the corresponding side of its image 

If A is the image for A and P is the centre of enlargement, then
the scale factor k = PA PA 

If the scale factor > 1, then the image is bigger than the object  If the scale factor < 1, then the image is smaller than the object  If the scale factor < 1, then the image is smaller than the object  If the scale factor = 1, then all points on the plane remain in their respective
positions

Scale Factor, k > 1

The image is bigger than the object

Scale Factor, k < 1

The image is smaller than the object

Scale Factor, k <0

k<-1

k=-1 0<k<1

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT

O B A B

Square B is the image of square A under an enlargement with centre at point O and a scale factor of 2

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
y
5

C

k > 0, k > 1
4

3

C

2

Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under an enlargement with centre (1,1) and a scale factor 2 B

1

A

BA

0

1

2

3

4

5

x

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
y

k > 0, k< 1
5 C Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under an enlargement with centre (1,1) and a scale factor 1

4 C

3

2

2

1

A

B A

B x

0

1

2

3

4

5

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT OABC is the image of OA1B1C1 An enlargement with centre O and a scale factor of 3

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
PQRST is the image Of PKLMN

An enlargement with centre P and a scale factor of 2

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
PKLMN is the image Of PQRST

An enlargement with centre P and a scale factor of 1 2

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
y

k < 0, k = -1
5

C Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under an enlargement with centre (3,3) and a scale factor -1

4

3

B

A

A

B

2

1

C 0 1 2 3 4 5 x

DESCRIBING ENLARGEMENT
y

k < 0, k < -1
4 3 2B 1 x A A C Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under an enlargement with centre (4,2) B and a scale factor -2

0 -1 -2 C

1

2

3

4

5

Determining The Centre of Enlargement
y
5

C

Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC Join the points of the object to the corresponding points of the image Extend these lines until they intersect one another at the centre of enlargement, O x

4

3

C

2

O
1

A 0 1 2

BA 3 4

B 5

AREA OF THE IMAGE P Q Q
= K2 x Area of The Object By Counting Area of PQ R S = 24 units2 Area of PQRS = 6 units2

S

R AREA OF THE IMAGE
= K2 x Area of The Object = 22 x 6 units2

S

R

In the diagram above, PQ R S is the image of PQRS under an enlargement with centre P and scale factor 2

= 24 units2

AREA OF THE IMAGE OA1B1C1 is the object Scale Factor (k) = 3 Area of the object = 24.5 cm2 Area of the image 2 2 = 3 x 24.5 ! 220.5cm

AREA OF THE IMAGE OA1B1C1 is the image Scale Factor (k) = 1 3 Area of the object =410.4 cm2 Area of the image

1 2 2 = ( ) x 410.4 ! 45.6cm 3

AREA OF THE COLORED REGION OA1B1C1 is the object Scale Factor (k) = 3 Area of the object = 24.5 cm2 Area of the red colored region
! (3 x 24.5)  24.5
2

! 196cm

2

AREA OF THE OBJECT

PQRST is the image Of PKLMN

Scale Factor (k) = 2 Area of the green colored region = 124.5 cm2 Area of the object (y)
(2 xy )  y ! 124.5
2

3 y ! 124.5 y ! 41.5cm
2

AREA OF THE OBJECT
PQRST is the image Of PKLMN

Scale Factor (k) = 2 Area of the image = 220 cm2 Area of the object
220 ! 2 2 ! 55cm 2

COMBINATION OF TWO TRANSFORMATIONS
Suppose P and Q represent two transformations  PQ means transformation Q is carried out first, followed by transformation P  QP means transformation P is carried out first, followed by transformation Q

EXAMPLE
y

P is a translation 5

3 1

C C B A A B

X=3 C
Q is a reflection in the line x = 3 Draw the image of triangle ABC under the combined transformation QP Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under the combined transformation QP
x

4

3

A

B 1

2

3
1

0

1

2

3

4

5

EXAMPLE
y
5

1 P is a translation 2

C A C 2 C

4

Q is a clockwise rotation of 900 about the centre (1,2) Draw the image of triangle ABC under the combined transformation PQ Triangle A B C is the image of triangle ABC under the combined x transformation PQ

3

A

B A

B

2

1

B 0 1 2 3 4

1 5

13. (a) Diagram 5 shows the point K on a Cartesian plane. y 10 8 6 4 2 x

F

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

DIAGRAM 5

13. (a) Diagram 5 shows the point F on a Cartesian plane. y 10 8

F

6

4

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

DIAGRAM 5

¨5¸ Transformation S is a translation © ¹ . ©  2¹ ª º
Transformation T is a reflection in the x = 9. (i) State the coordinates of the image of point F under transformation S. State the coordinates of image of point F under transformation TS.

(ii)

[3 marks]

solution
y 10 8 F (6,7) F (12,7) F

x=9 13(a) (i) (12,7) (ii) (6,7)

6

4

2 x

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

(b) Diagram 6 shows three triangle PQR, ACG and EFG on a Cartesian plane.
y 10 8 6 A 4 P 2 Q 2 R 4 6 8 10 12 14 DIAGRAM 6 x G C E F

O

Triangle ACG is the image of triangle PQR under transformation V. Trapezium EFG is the image of triangle ACG under transformation W. (i) Describe in full transformation : (a) V (b) W [6 marks] (ii) Given that the area of triangle EFG represents a region of area 72 unit2.Calculate the area, in unit2, of the region represented by triangle PQR. [3 marks]

13(b) i (a)
y 10 8 6 A 4 P 2 Q 2 R 4 x G C

Rotation through 900 clockwise

O

6

8

10

12

14

13(b) i (a)
y 10 8 6 A 4 P 2 Q 2 R 4 x G C

O

6 (7, 0) 8

10

12

14

V = Rotation through 900 clockwise about the point(7,0)

13(b) i (b) W = An enlargement with centre G and a scale factor of 3
y 10 8 6 4 P G 2 Q 2 R 4 6 8 10 12 14 DIAGRAM 6 x C F

Scale factor = 6 = 3 2

6
A

2
E

O

(ii) 32 x Area of PQR = 72 Area of PQR = 8 unit2
y 10 8 6 A 4 P G 2 Q 2 R 4 6 8 10 12 14 DIAGRAM 6 x C E F

72cm

2

O

solution
13. (b) (i) (a) V = Rotation through 900 clockwise about the point (7,0) (b) W = An enlargement with centre G and a scale factor of 3 (ii) 32 x Area of PQR = 72 Area of PQR = 8 unit2 P3

P3 K1 N1

solution
13. (b) (i) (a) V = Rotation, 900 clockwise, centre (7,0) P3 P3

(b) W = Enlargement, centre G, scale factor 3

(ii) 32 x Area of PQR = 72 Area of PQR = 8 unit2

K1 N1

solution
13. (b) (i) (a) V = Rotation, 900 clockwise, centre (0,7) P2 P2

(b) W = Enlargement, centre G, scale factor 3

(ii) 32 x Area of PQR = 72 Area of PQR = 8 unit2

K1 N1

No.13

y

2003
13 (a) (i) ( 7,0 )  P2

8

6

H¶ G y=3

4

2 K H´ 6 8

H J 10 x

-6

-4

-2

0

2

4

y

13 (a) (ii) ( 7,8 ) 
8 H´

P2

6 G H¶

4

y=3
2 K -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 H J x

y 13 (b) (i) Reflection in the line AB  8

P2

6 D A

4

2

C B E F 4 6 8 10 x

-6

-4

-2

0

2

13(b) (i)

y

Rotation of 900 anticlockwise P3   about point (6,5)



8

6 D A G

4

2

C B E F 4 6 K 8

H J 10 x

-6

-4

-2

0

2

13(b) (i)

y

Rotation of 900 anticlockwise P3  (6,5)  about point



8

6 D A G

4

2

C B E F 4 6 K 8

H J 10 x

-6

-4

-2

0

2

y

13 (c) (i) ( 6,2 ) 
P 8 L

P1

6 D

( ii ) 325.8 = 36.2 K1N1  2  3
A

4 N M

2

C B 2 4 6 8 10

-6

-4

-2

0

x

13. ( a ) ( i ) ( 7,0 )

 ( ii ) ( 7,8 ) 
Reflection in the line AB

P2 P2 P2 P3 P1 K1N1 12

( b ) ( i) ( ii )



Rotation of 900 anticlockwise  about (6,5)

( c ) ( i ) ( 6,2 )  ( ii ) 325.8 = 36.2   32

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