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Bending moment diagram (BMD): Graph of bending moment M vs x . Example 1.5.1: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. 1.5.1.

Fig. 1.5.1. SFD and BMD for a simple beam with a concentrated load. (a) Determine reactions by considering the equilibrium of the entire beam. Pb + ΣM B = 0 : − RA L + Pb = 0 , . ⇒ RA = L Pa + ΣM A = 0 : − Pa + RB L = 0 , . ⇒ RB = L

(1.5.1.1)

(b) Cut the beam to the left of the load P at distance x from A (i.e., 0 < x < a ). From the freebody diagram of the left-hand part of the beam,

V = RA =

Pb Pbx , M = RA x = . L L

(1.5.1.2)

Shear force is constant from A to point of application of load P . Bending moment varies linearly with x . (c) Cut the beam to the right of the load P at distance x from A (i.e., a < x < L ). From the freebody diagram of the left-hand part of the beam,

Pbx Pb − Pa ⎛ x⎞ , M= − P( x − a) = Pa ⎜1 − ⎟ . −P= L L L ⎝ L⎠ Shear force is constant. Bending moment is a linear function of x .

V=

(1.5.1.3)

**Note: It is easier to obtain eqn (1.5.1.3) by considering the right-hand part of the beam as a free body.
**

June 25, 2007

1.5-1

. ⎝2⎠ ⎛L ⎞ ⇒V = q⎜ − x⎟ . Slope of line is − q . 2007 1.5.5.5.e.Example 1.2: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig.2. at the crossdx section when V = 0 ). .5. + ↑ ΣFY = 0 : RA − qx − V = 0 . 0 < x < L ).5. 2 (1. (a) Determine reactions by considering the equilibrium of the entire beam. June 25. 1. ⎝2 ⎠ qx ⇒ M = ( L − x) .2. BMD is a parabolic curve..2) The SFD is a straight line. The maximum BM occurs when = 0 (i. 1.5-2 .1) (b) Cut the beam at distance x from A (i. Slope of the BMD dM is equal to the shear force V .2. qL ⎛L⎞ ⇒ RA = + ΣM B = 0 : − RA L + (qL) ⎜ ⎟ = 0 . 2 ⎝2⎠ qL ⎛L⎞ ⇒ RB = + ΣM A = 0 : −(qL) ⎜ ⎟ + RB L = 0 . From the free-body diagram of the lefthand part of the beam.2. 2 ⎝2⎠ (1.. Fig. + ⎛ x⎞ ΣM A = 0 : −(qx) ⎜ ⎟ − Vx + M = 0 . SFD and BMD for a simple beam with a uniform load.e.

2007 1.5.3.5.5. 1.Example 1. 1. June 25.3.5-3 .3: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. Fig. SFD and BMD for a beam. Determine the maximum normal stress due to bending.

2007 1. June 25. SFD and BMD for a beam. 1.5.4.4: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. Determine the maximum normal stress in sections just to the left and just to the right of point D.08 × 106 mm3 about the X − X axis.Example 1. Fig.5.5-4 . S = 2. 1.5.4.

5-5 .June 25. 2007 1.

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