LTE Overview

Hussein Mounib
December 09

Agenda
1. Why LTE 2. LTE requirement & characteristics 3. LTE Architecture 3.1.1 eNode-B 3.1.2 RRH 3.2 ePC 4. Conclusion

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Why LTE?

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LTE LTE: Long Term Evolution

Also known as: E-UTRAN (Evolved UTRAN) Super 3G (Japan)

Evolution of WCDMA/HSPA

3GPP Release 8

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76 Mbps (DL) HSUPA aka E-DCH All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . MAC-hs.4 Mbps (DL) •Up to 5.4 Mbps (DL) Based on AMC (QPSK & 16QAM).5 Mbps (UL) 3GPP R8 LTE (Long Term Evolution) •Up to 173 Mbps (DL) •Up to 86 Mbps (UL) in 20MHz Based on OFDM and MIMO 3GPP R5 HSDPA •Up to 14. H-ARQ 3GPP R6 HSDPA/HSUPA •Up to 14.UMTS Evolutions R8 3GPP R7 GPP 3 PR 3GP 5 PP R 3G 6 3GPP R7 HSPA + •Up to 43 Mbps (DL) •Up to 11.

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Why LTE? Increase of Data Traffic A major expansion in traffic volumes over cellular networks will take place as: The use of mobile Web expands. Usability improves. Data prices decline.

Why LTE? Services Evolution Needs for higher throughputs & lower latency to enhance legacy services performances. offer high definition video & high resolution multimedia services. offer fast multi-user interactive gaming All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Why LTE? Enhance performances of 3G HSPA services Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) Enables multiple users to receive data over the same radio resource Efficient approach to deliver content such as Mobile TV Higher capacity in LTE VoIP Better capacity expected with LTE All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Why LTE? Reduce cost per subscriber Reduce Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) TCO = CAPEX(Capital expenditure) + OPEX (Operating expense) Reduce cost per byte By factor 6 compared to HSPA Due to network simplification. accounting rules (depreciation) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . flat IP architecture and enhanced capacity/spectrum efficiency NB: The CAPEX and OPEX breakdown varies a great deal depending on Network / country.

LTE requirement & characteristics All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

4/1. 10. 20MHz Targeted Peak Throughputs DL (1TX) : 100Mbps for 20MHz spectrum allocation UL (1TX) : 50Mbps for 20MHz spectrum allocation Scaling linearly with the spectrum allocation Targeted increased of spectrum efficiency vs HSPA DL : 3-4 times R6 HSDPA for LTE MIMO (2. 15. 5.2) UL : 2-3 times R6 E-DCH (HSUPA) for LTE (1 Tx.Requirements for E-UTRAN Scalable bandwidth : 1. 3/3.2. 3.2 Rx) Ultra low latency <10ms for round trip delay from UE to server Reduced call set-up time – Transition time (Idle -> Active) < 100 msec – Transition time (Dormant -> Active) < 50 msec All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .6.

Requirements for E-UTRAN High capacity per cell 200 users per cell for 5MHz.Real Time services < 500ms All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . 400 users in larger spectrum allocations Mobility LTE is optimized for low speeds 0-15km/h. and mobility maintained for speeds up to 350km/h Efficient support of the various types of services Co-existence and Inter-working with 3GPP RAT Handover between 3G & LTE: – Real-Time services < 300ms – Non. high performance for speeds up to 120km/h.

3.E-UTRAN Air Interface characteristics Multiple Access Schemes: Downlink: OFDMA Uplink: Single Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA) Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) with up to 4 antennas per station High Order Modulations: Downlink: QPSK. 5. 16QAM. 15 or 20MHz in FDD mode FDD an TDD modes All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .4. UMB) networks (WiMAX. 16QAM Turbo coding H-ARQ Based on OFDMA + MIMO Based on OFDMA + MIMO as other next generation mobile as other next generation mobile networks (WiMAX. 64QAM Uplink: QPSK. 10. UMB) Scalable bandwidth: 1.

LTE + SAE System Architecture Evolution (SAE) Enhanced Packet System (EPS) Network simplification 3 functional entities : – eNode B. – Serving and PDN Gateways (can be combined into a single physical entity) C-plane Network Simplification U-plane C-plane U-plane GGSN SGSN RNC NodeB Call Server S-GW P-GW MME IP-based network Pure packet system No support for legacy CS voice/data VoIP eNode B MME X2 IP transport backbone eNode B S1 S/P GW All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 eNode B Application servers Service IP backbone MD S Multi-standard User Database LTE .

4 MHz to20MHz QPSK/16QAM/64QAM QPSK/16QAM 2x2 .75G) W-CDMA HSPA+ (3.4X4 MIMO Bandwidth DL Modulation UL Modulation Antenna Systems 5MHz QPSK BPSK Rx Diversity 5MHz QPSK/16QAM QPSK Rx Diversity 5MHz QPSK/16QAM/64QAM QPSK/16QAM 2x2 MIMO Node B + RNC Network Structure Node B + RNC Node B + RNC Or eHSPA Node B eNode B to ePC Services Transport Circuit & Packet Swiched ATM/ Mixed ATM & IP Circuit & Packet Swiched ATM/ Mixed ATM & IP PS but Compatible to CS Possibly All IP PS Only All IP All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .LTE vs UMTS/HSPA UMTS (R.99)(3G) Radio Access W-CDMA HSPA (3.75G) W-CDMA LTE OFDMA DL SC-FDMA UL Scalable from 1.

8 Mbps (MIMO 2x2) 100 Mbps (no MIMO) 43 Mbps (64 QAM+ MIMO 2x2) 28.LTE vs UMTS/HSPA For 20MHz bandwidth LTE HSPA+ HSPA UMTS <10ms 86.7 Mbps 384 kbps Latency UL Peak Throughputs DL Peak Throughputs Only achievable in good radio conditions All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .6 Mbps (16QAM) 326.4 Mbps 384 kbps 30ms 11.8 Mbps (16QAM+ MIMO 2x2) 21.4 Mbps (MIMO 4x4) 172.6 Mbps (no MIMO) 14.4 Mbps (64QAM) 57.5 Mbps 60ms 120ms 5.

Mainly Europe In competition with TV broadcasters and other technologies. and maybe Europe Operators are looking to migrate GSM 900MHz to LTE for rural scenarios (coupled with 2. due to larger cell sizes and better inbuilding coverage. as for 900 MHz Trials (07-08) 2100 MHz AWS 2009 2100MHz – Japan/EU 1700/2100 – NAR 700MHz – NAR 2009 .Europe 1700/2100 MHz (AWS) Americas much interest in this band (1700 also for Japan) 700 MHz Americas Digital Dividend already decided 2500-2690 MHz (IMT 2000) Worldwide Likely the only band with 20 MHz of spectrum available for LTE Likely to be popular for worldwide roaming / device availability All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 470-854 MHz (Digital Dividend) .6 GHz for urban) 1800 MHz (GSM). . Korea.Europe 2100 MHz (UMTS) .LTE Spectrum Vision LTE FDD deployable in any of the “3GPP” bands (and more) 900 MHz (GSM).Europe & Asia Pacific Band not widely used.Asia Initially for Japan.2010 2500–2690 MHz World 900MHz – Europe 1800MHz– Europe & APAC 2011 1900MHz – NAR 850MHz – NAR 2012 470-854MHz – Europe (Digital Dividend) 450 MHz . may see some re-farming.

pre-empting a narrow BW in GSM. 20MHz possible GSM 900 MHz UMTS 2100 MHz GSM 900 MHz UMTS 2100 MHz LTE 2600 MHz GSM GSM UMTS 900 MHz 1800 MHz 2100 MHz LTE 900MHz GSM UMTS Free 900 MHz needs for 1800 MHz contiguous coverage.LTE Spectrum – Reuse spectrum or new spectrum deployment TODAY 2010 Capacity driven New spectrum application. but will provide favorable range Free 1800 MHz more adapted to hot spots capacity driven scenario 1800 MHz 2100 MHz GSM 900 MHz UMTS 2100 MHz GSM 900 MHz UMTS 2100 MHz Smooth LTE introduction in existing band. Hot spots . 5 MHz carrier in UMTS All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

LTE Architecture All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

FTP) E-UTRAN Anchor of the IP session .LTE E2E Architecture Overview Generic .g. VPN..interworking interface GERAN Control plane BTS BTS Abis BSC BSC Gb User plane UTRAN SGSN SGSN RNC RNC Rel 8 Rel 8 Iu-ps S3 Gr or S6d NB NB Iub S6a HSS HSS R8 Interfaces S12 S4 MME MME S10 S11 Rx PCRF PCRF Application Function Uu S1-MME e-PC S5/S8 Gx S1-U Uu SGi eNB eNB SGW SGW Anchor for 3GPP mobility All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 PGW PGW •Data Services (e.

1 EnodeB 9326 d2U-V2 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .3.

S1 Cplane All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .Access Point (for IP cloud) S1U .EUTRAN Network Architecture eUTRAN EPC LTE-Uu UE eNB S1U X2C X2U LTE-Uu X2C X2U S1-MME S1-MME S1-MME MME X2C X2U S1U eNB S1U Serving SAE Gateway eNB UE AP AP AP IP Transport Network (IP Cloud) AP AP X2C .S1 Uplane S1-MME .X2 Cplane X2U .X2 Uplane AP .

• The Alcatel-Lucent EnodeB portfolio includes: digital base stations remote radio heads (RRH) or radio modules (TRDU) base station routers All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .EnodeB portfolio • The Alcatel-Lucent EnodeB is 3GPP-compliant.

EnodeB main functions The EnodeB supports the following main functions: • Radio Access Network (RAN ) management • Network interface management including signaling between LTE Core Network components and the EnodeB • EnodeB radio resources management • Call processing • Configuration and supervision • Synchronization • Performance monitoring All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

9326 d2U-V2 hardware components All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

9326 d2U-V2 functional architecture All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

Extended Core Controller Module-U (xCCM-U) Main functions: The xCCM-U aggregates the following functions: • Core Controller (CCM) function: –part of call processing –data switching and routing –OAM management –EnodeB frequency and timing reference • Global Positioning System and Alarm (GPSAM) function: –external/internal alarm connectivity –external synchronization reference interface All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

1 (extended in Further releases). The xCEM-U processes all types of LTE physical channel in both the uplink and downlink directions. Processing differs according to the type of physical channels. High-rate data channels require much more processing power than low-rate speech channels. The xCEM-U performs part of call processing. The xCEM-U hardware supports one frequency and one cell in LA1.Extended Channel Element Module-U (xCEM-U) Main functions: The xCEM-U performs digital signal processing for both the Tx and Rx paths. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 . The architecture of the xCEM-U is well adapted to LTE physical channel diversity.

Rack User Commissioning (RUC) module Main functions: The RUC module (front and back) provides the following functions: • power filtering • current limitation • commissioning non volatile memories • inventory • fan alarms. control and power supply • -48 VDC connectivity The back RUC is designed to allow the power supply of the following modules: • up to three xCEM-U(s) (through the RBP) • one xCCM-U (through the RBP) • two fans • one RBP All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

2 RRH/TRDU All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .1.3.

Cabinet front-view All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

Top view of the RRH All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

• Supports up to six user alarms for each RRH • Support at least 2 LTE carriers at 20 MHz bandwidth • RRH Mounting: –pole –wall –floor stand • Front access installation and service • Bottom I/O panel access All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 . -48VDC • Transmit Power 2Tx at 40W each • 1 or 2 sector • Daisy chaining of up to three RRHs.Product capabilities The product capabilities in this release are: • Outdoor.

2 ePC Evolved Packet Core All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .3.

LTE E2E Architecture Overview Generic .. VPN.interworking interface GERAN Control plane BTS BTS Abis BSC BSC Gb User plane UTRAN SGSN SGSN RNC RNC Rel 8 Rel 8 Iu-ps S3 Gr or S6d NB NB Iub S6a HSS HSS R8 Interfaces S12 S4 MME MME S10 S11 Rx PCRF PCRF Application Function Uu S1-MME e-PC S5/S8 Gx S1-U Uu SGi eNB eNB SGW SGW Anchor for 3GPP mobility All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 PGW PGW •Data Services (e. FTP) E-UTRAN Anchor of the IP session .g.

ePC Wiring All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

ePC organic architecture All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

LTE Main equipment role All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2009 .

Conclusion All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

with scalable bandwidth WCDMA/HSPA operators as well as some CDMA operators will evolve to LTE First commercial deployments in 2010 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . IP LTE relies on a simplified architecture network LTE can be deployed in any 3G bands.LTE LTE is defined in 3GPP Release 8 LTE is based on OFDM. MIMO.

www.com All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .alcatel-lucent.

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