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07_GrimmsLaw

07_GrimmsLaw

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Published by Steve Mahashabde

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Published by: Steve Mahashabde on Jan 05, 2012
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09/05/2014

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Grimm’s Law 24

Grimm’s Law
First Germanic Consonant Shift (Grimm’s law) (LC:46-48) — first showed the existence of sound laws Jacob Grimm

In 1818 Rasmus Rask spelled out the relationship between the Germanic obstruents and the obstruents of the other Indo-European languages. In 1822, Grimm again wrote on this topic, adding to our understanding of the system underlying these relationships. The 'sound laws' existing between the consonants of various Indo-European forms is illustrated here by the correspondences between proto-Indo-European and Germanic. These correspondences although thought of as recurrent were by no means thought of as exceptionless. PIE p b bh that is, voiceless stops voiced stops voiced aspirated stops ===> voiceless fricatives ===> voiceless stops ===> voiced unaspirated stops t d dh h h k k ===> ===> ===> ===> f p b t d Germanic h k h k

Note that some of these changes are reflected in English the difference between the initials of certain inherited roots and the initials of certain borrowings:
inherited borrowed (from a Non-Germanic source)

[f] father five fish foot [ ] three tooth father

[p] paternity pentagon pisces pod-, ped[t] tripod dental paternity

g.Grimm’s Law 25 tooth [h] heart head hundred dental [k] cardiologist capital (e. capital punishment) century .

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