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Stars - A Golden Guide

Stars - A Golden Guide

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Published by: Kenneth on Jan 06, 2012
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Complete your collection of
Golden Guides and Golden Field Guides!

Some titles may be temporarily unavailable at local retailers. To
order, send check or money order to: Dept. M, Western Publishing
Company, Inc., 1220 Mound Avenue, Racine, Wisconsin 53404.

Be sure to include 35¢ per book to cover postage and handling.

GOLDEN GUIDES: $1.95

GOLDEN FIELD GUIDES: softcover, $4.95; hardcover, $7.95

GOLDEN GUIDES

NATURE

BIRDS • BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS • CACTI • CATS

EXOTIC PLANTS FOR HOUSE AND GARDEN • FISHES

FLOWERS • FOSSILS • GAMEBIRDS • HALLUCINOGENIC PLANTS

HERBS AND SPICES • INSECT PESTS • INSECTS • MAMMALS

NON-FLOWERING PLANTS • ORCHIDS • POND LIFE

REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS • ROCKS AND MINERALS

THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS • SEASHELLS OF THE WORLD • SEASHORES

SKY OBSERVER'S GUIDE • SPIDERS AND THEIR KIN • STARS

TREES • TROPICAL FISH • WEEDS • YOSEMITE • ZOO ANIMALS

SCIENCE

BOTANY • ECOLOGY • EVOLUTION • FAMILIES OF BIRDS

GEOLOGY • HEART • LANDFORMS • LIGHT AND COLOR

OCEANOGRAPHY • WEATHER • ZOOLOGY

HOBBIES

AMERICAN ANTIQUE GLASS • ANTIQUES

CASINO GAMES • FISHING

INDIAN ARTS • KITES • WINES

GOLDEN FIELD GUIDES

AMPHIBIANS OF NORTH AMERICA

BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA • ROCKS AND MINERALS

SEASHELLS OF NORTH AMERICA • TREES OF NORTH AMERICA

Golden®, A Golden Guide®, and Golden Press®
are trademarks of Western Publishing Company, Inc.

--

A GUIDE TO THE CONSTELLATIONS,

SUN, MOON, PLANETS,

AND OTHER FEATURES OF THE HEAVENS

HERBERT S. ZIM, Ph.D., Sc.D.

and

ROBERT H. BAKER, Ph.D., D.Sc.

Illustrated by

JAMES GORDON IRVING

GOLDEN PRESS • NEW YORK

Western Publishing Company, Inc.
Racine, Wisconsin

FOREWORD

A series of books on nature should include one on the
stars and planets. All other aspects of nature-birds,
flowers, rocks, and trees-are details in the great system
that encompasses the heavens. Nothing else in nature
can arouse the feelings of wonder that are provoked by
an eclipse, a meteor shower, or even a close look at our
nearest neighbor, the moon.
The artist, James Gordon Irving, worked with skill and
imagination. His wife, Grace Crowe Irving, assisted in re
search. David H. Heeschen of the Harvard Observatory
and Ivan King of the University of Illinois Observatory

'

helped with data and tables. Paul lehr, of the National

nd Atmospheric Administration, checked text
involving meteorology. Hugh Rice of the Hayden Plane
tarium gave helpful advice, and our seasonal constella
tion charts owe much to his projections. Dorothy Bennett,
for many years a member of the Hayden Planetarium's
staff, contributed greatly to our editorial planning. Isaac
Asimov, Joe and Simone Gosner are to be credited for
the latest revisions.
Acknowledgment is due the lowell, Hale (Mt. Wilson
and Mt. Palomar), lick, and Yerkes observatories and to
NASA for the use of photographs.

R. H. B.
H. S.Z.

©Copyright 1975, 1956, 1951 by Western Publishing Company, Inc.
All rights reserved, including rights of reproduction and use in any
form or by any means, including the making of copies by any photo
process, or by any electronic or mechanical device, printed or written
or oral, or recording for sound or visual reproduction or for use in any
knowledge retrieval system or device, unless permission in writing is
obtained from the copyright proprietor. Produced in the U.S.A. by
Western Publishing Company, Inc. Published by Golden Press, New
York, N.Y. Library of Congress Catalog Cord Number, 75-314330

CONTENTS

This is a book for the novice, the amateur, or any
one who wants to enjoy the wonders of the heavens. It is
a field guide, with information to help you understand
more fully what you see. Use this book when you are
watching the stars, constellations, and planets. Thumb
through it at odd moments to become familiar with sights
you may see; carry it along on trips or vacations.

OBSERVING THE SKY..

........................................ 4

Activities for the Amateur .

.......................................... 7

The Universe and the Solar System..

. ........................ 12

The Sun and Sunlight

16

Telescopes .

..................................... 28

STARS .

. .................................. 31

Classification .

36

Star Types ...... .

·················· ................................. 38

Galaxies ...

CONSTELLATIONS

42

50

North Circumpolar Constellations ................................ .

52

Constellations of Spring ......................................................... 62

Constellations of Summer ........................................................ 70

Constellations of Autumn ....

. ...................................... 80

Constellations of Winter

88

South Circumpolar Constellations ........................................... 98

THE SOLAR SYSTEM .................................................................... 102

The Planets ..............

.............................

.. ............. 1 04

locating the Visible Planets ................................................... 124

Comets .................... ..

.......................................... 126

Meteors .

.. ..................... 129

Haw to Observe Meteors ....... .

.. ............... 132

The Moan............

.. ..................
..

............................ 136

Eclipses .................................................................................. 150

APPENDIX (tinted pages) .......................................................... 156

list of Constellations ............................................................... 156

Objects for Observation .............. .. ................... .....

.. ... 158

INDEX ..............

..

....................................   ............................. 159

3

Egyptian Pyramids

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