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**Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet
**

Introduction This spreadsheet can be used to specify centrifugal pumps - including assessing 'Net Positive Suction Head' (NPSH) and power requirements. The spreadsheet is split into the following sections - A "How to Use This Calculation" Worksheet - The Pump Calculation Worksheet itself. It is recommended that the user first reads the 'How to Use This Calculation' worksheet before starting a calculation.

Revision Rev. 1 Initial issue Rev. 1A Cosmetic changes only (spell checking & revised disclaimer)

12-Oct-09 15-Dec-09

Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps. We cannot be held responsible for its use. As with all areas of process engineering, calculations should be checked by a competent engineer.

We cannot be held responsible for its use. The calculation is split into three worksheet.this can be invaluable it is to be checked by another engineer. this data should be at the pump operating temperature. Density The user enters the liquid density in kg/m3.3 Liquid Properties The user inputs physical property data of the liquid and the operating temperature of the pump.although these worksheets do not have to be used. The number of pumps operating is required to calculate the flow per pump. The following colour coding is used in this calculation: Boxes shaded light green require a user input. The spreadsheet allows one of two pump speeds to be selected: 1750 rpm and 2900 rpm. As the vapour pressure is a strong function of temperature.4 Flowrates The user enters the total liquid flowrate in kg per hour. 2.0 2.3. It should be noted that viscosity changes with temperature .1 Viscosity The user enters the liquid viscosity in Centipoise (Cp).2 Pump Details The user enters the number of pumps operating and the pump speed. calculations should be checked by a competent engineer.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet HOW TO USE THIS CALCULATION 1.myChemE. there are two other worksheets which can be used to calculate the suction side and discharge side pressure drops . As with viscosity. 2.in particular the 'Net Positive Suction Head' (NPSH) and the pump power requirements. This information is not strictly necessary (it's used to estimate the required NPSH which can be over written anyway). . Thus if the flowrate is 100m3/h and there are two pumps operating. the flowrate per pump is 50m3/h. Boxes shaded light blue give a calculated output.3 2.1 Pump Calculation Worksheet Pump Tag No. Again.2 2. they help describe the calculation . / Calculation Description The spreadsheet leaves space to add an equipment tag number for the pump and a description of the calculation (or a description of the pump). the user should enter the density at the pump operating temperature. The spreadsheet then calculates the total Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps. 2. Although these items are not strictly necessary.0 Introduction Revision 1A This spreadsheet can be used to specify centrifugal pumps . Vapour Pressure The user enters the liquid vapour pressure in bar absolute of the liquid.thus the user must ensure that the viscosity value entered must be at the correct temperature. As with all areas of process engineering. If in doubt. 2.3.www. The key worksheet is the one entitled "Pump Calculation": in addition. it is important that the data is accurate. 2.3. it is safer to over-estimate the liquid vapour pressure.

If the vessel is below grade. Static Pressure Low Liquid Level to Pump The spreadsheet calculates the static pressure difference between the Low Liquid Level and the centreline of the Pump (in metres).especially if the vessel is under vacuum.5.5 2.4 2. Pump centreline elevation from grade The user enters the elevation of the Pump Centreline Suction Vessel low liquid level in metres . 1. As with all areas of process engineering.this is designated H2 in Figure 1. Elevation of Suction Vessel from Grade The user enters the elevation of the Suction Vessel above grade (or ground level) in metres .2 2. calculations should be checked by a competent engineer.5. This arrangement is shown in Figure 1 below. and the volumetric flowrate per pump (also in m3/h and US gallons per minute).5. The spreadsheet provides a typical figure which can be overwritten if better information is available.1 Suction Vessel Operating Pressure The user enters the operating pressure of the Suction Vessel in bar absolute.this is designated H1 in Figure 1. If not known. this will be atmospheric pressure (i. It is important that the correct pressure is used . However.013 bar(a)).e. Figure 1: Pump Suction Side Arrangement Suction Vessel H2 Pump H1 Pump Centreline H3 Grade 2.3 2.this is designated as H3 in Figure 1.5 Suction Side Hydraulics This section of the worksheet allows the user to enter data on the suction side of the pump. set this to zero. The calculation assumes that the pump is fed from a vessel upstream. the Suction Vessel may also be pressurised or under vacuum.5. the value is negative.5.5.6 Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps. This piece of information depends on the pump design.www. . For vessels open to the atmosphere.myChemE. Suction Side Pressure Drop 2.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet Revision 1A volumetric flowrate (in m3/h and US gallons per minute). if the vessel is equipped with this. 2. We cannot be held responsible for its use. The Low Liquid Level should be the lowest operating liquid level in the vessel and should usually correspond to the low level trip / alarm. Vessel low liquid level The user enters the Suction Vessel low liquid level in metres .

This causes cavitation and can result in loss of pumping power and possibly damaging the pump.myChemE. The engineer should use their judgement to ensure that the discharge hydraulics are based on the genuine worst case when specifying the pump. For example. in Barg. Usually.6. there is a danger that the liquid will boil. 2.6. Pump Discharge Pressure The spreadsheet calculates the required pump discharge pressure. Revision 1A 2.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet The user can enter the line losses between the Suction Vessel and the Pump (in bar).7 Pump Suction Pressure The spreadsheet calculates the pressure at the pump suction (in bar(a)). However. .5. in metres.6 Discharge Side Hydraulics This section of the worksheet allows the user to enter data on the discharge side of the pump. 2. control valves.3 Discharge Side Pressure Drop The user can enter the line losses between the Pump and the Termination Point (in bar) .this should include pressure drops resulting from pipework.www.7 Pump NPSH If the pump suction pressure is too low.B. if the termination point is much lower than other points in the system. sometimes this is not the case. the pump discharge pressure is set by the pressure difference between the furthest point in the piped system and the pump. We cannot be held responsible for its use. calculations should be checked by a competent engineer. Calculating the NPSH is a key element when specifying a pump. The discharge side arrangement is shown in Figure 2. This is avoided by ensuring that there is sufficient 'Net Positive Suction Head' (NPSH). 2.1 Maximum Termination Pressure The user enters the Maximum Termination Pressure.6. This is taken as the elevation difference between the pump centreline and the termination point.2 2. N.4 2. Pump NPSH Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps. Figure 2: Pump Discharge Side Arrangement Equipment Item Pump Pump Centreline Grade H4 Termination Point 2. Elevation of Terminal Point The user enters the elevation of the Termination Point. A more detailed discussion on pump cavitation and NPSH can be found via the following link. As with all areas of process engineering. This is the pressure at the furthest point of the pumped circuit.6. equipment and any other restrictions in the system.

calculations should be checked by a competent engineer. We cannot be held responsible for its use.myChemE.www. .1 Revision 1A NPSH Required at the Pump Suction The NPSH required by the pump at a given flowrate can be obtained from the pump vendor.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet 2. As with all areas of process engineering. The spreadsheet does give an estimate of the NPSH but if vendor data is available this should be overwritten.7. Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps.

5 2. pump located too high relative to the suction vessel and / or specification of a pump will very high NPSH requirements.1 Reduce the suction-side pressure drop Is there an excessive pressure drop between the suction vessel and the pump? Typically. We cannot be held responsible for its use.4 3.8. during the early stages of the design.7.7. the safety margin should be increased to at least 1. If the pressure drop is too Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps.5 bar. with fluid velocities of 1m/s or less. the NPSH must be a positive number. A discussion of what to do if there is insufficient NPSH is given in Section 3. the spreadsheet will provide an estimated pump efficiency which is used to calculate the pump power requirements. Total NPSH Required This is the sum of the NPSH Required at the Pump Suction and the NPSH Safety Margin.3 2.www. Pump Differential Head The Pump Differential Head is calculated by the spreadsheet and is the Pump Differential Pressure expressed as a head.in other words.0 metres.2 Revision 1A NPSH Safety Margin The user enters a safety margin to make allowance for uncertainties in the calculation.8.1 Pump Differential Pressure The Pump Differential Pressure is calculated by the spreadsheet and is the pressure difference across the pump.myChemE.8. As with all areas of process engineering. the design will probably not work. Estimated Pump Efficiency Except for very large pumps. The spreadsheet displays a warning if the NPSH is negative.2 2. Head at Pump Entry The spreadsheet calculates the head at the pump suction.7. This value can be overwritten by the user.8. 2. 2. calculations should be checked by a competent engineer. it may be necessary for the pump power to be estimated to provide provisional electrical load data.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet 2. pump suction lines that are too small. NPSH Available The spreadsheet calculates the NPSH at the pump suction. the calculation will result in a negative NPSH . a safety margin of 0. taking into account the head at the Suction Vessel. the suction side pressure drop should be well under 0. Estimated Pump Power Required The shaft power of the pump is affected by the pump efficiency. For preliminary calculations. . If there is insufficient NPSH.7.6 metres is acceptable. if more accurate data is known. This is usually the result of a combination of: liquid close to its boiling point. the vessel to pump elevation difference and the suction side line loss. where the NPSH at the pump suction is estimated.0 What to do if there is insufficient NPSH Sometimes. For the pump design to work correctly. If the pump vendor data and the suction pipe routing is known. The pump power requirements (and the pump efficiency) will be provided by the vendor.8 Pump Design Data 2.3 2.4 2. the following options can be considered: 3. However.

it may not be possible to relocate equipment. The spreadsheet is set up with two typical pump speeds: 1750 rpm and 2900 rpm.2 Reduce the pump speed High speed pumps will have a larger NPSH requirement than lower speed pumps. the NPSH available increases. However. . For installed equipment.www. consider reducing the pump speed. 3.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet high. it may be possible to increase the minimum liquid level in the suction vessel. increase the suction line pipe diameter Revision 1A 3. Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps.3 Raise the level of the Suction Vessel / Lower the level of the Pump By increasing the height of the Suction Vessel relative to the pump. As with all areas of process engineering. calculations should be checked by a competent engineer. If the pump requires a NPSH greater than 3 to 4 metres.myChemE. We cannot be held responsible for its use.

above pump centreline 0.00 3. rpm 2 2900 degC kg/m3 cP bar(a) kg/h m3/h US gpm m3/h US gpm bar(a) m m m bar bar bar(a) bar(g) m bar bar(g) m m m m m bar m % kW 20 996.16 150.com Centrifugal Pump Calculation Spreadsheet Revision 1A Pump Tag Number Calculation Description Number of Pumps Operating Pump Speed Liquid Properties Liquid Pumped: Temperature Density Viscosity Vapour Pressure Flowrates Total Mass Flow Total Volumetric Flow Total Volumetric Flow Volumetric Flow (per pump) Volumetric Flow (per pump) Suction Side Hydraulics Suction Vessel Operating Pressure Elevation of Suction Vessel from Grade Vessel low liquid level Pump centreline elevation from grade Static Pressure Low Liquid Level to Pump Suction Side Pressure Drop Pump Suction Pressure Discharge Side Hydraulics Maximum Termination Pressure Elevation of Terminal Point Discharge Side Pressure Drop Pump Discharge Pressure Pump NPSH NPSH Required at the Pump NPSH Safety Margin Total NPSH Required Head at Pump Entry NPSH Available Pump Design Data Pump Differential Pressure Pump Differential Head Estimated Pump Efficiency Estimated Pump Power Required See "How to Use This Calculation" Worksheet for notes on its use.1 .8 Sufficient NPSH Available 3.9 10.myChemE.16 5.02 Vapour pressure at operating temperature 300.10 31.000 301.01 1.3 0.00 1.00 22.92 N.6 663.8 69 18.9 0.1 10. This is power required per pump .0 6.20 1326.1 1.0 0.06 0.7 0.1 1.B.www.00 0.07 1.

As with all areas of process engineering. . calculations should be checked by a competent engineer. We cannot be held responsible for its use.Disclaimer: This calculation provides an estimate for specifying pumps.

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