Problem : 2. v. object distance. Hypothesis : the greater object distance. the smaller image distance 4.1. Inference : the image distance is dependent on object distance 3. Variables in the experiment : ‡ Manipulated variable : object distance ‡ Response variable : image distance ‡ Fixed variable : focal length of a convex lens .u for a convex lens 5. Aim of experiment : to investigate the relationship between image distance.

screen. convex lens of focal length 10 cm. Apparatus and materials : small light bulb with holder metre ruler. Arrangement of the apparatus : .6. low voltage power supply. white screen. lens holder. 7.

Procedure : a. and 15 cm. adjust the screen position until a sharp image of the filament is formed on the screen. Record the image distance. Arrange the apparatus as shown in the diagram : b. v. . 25 cm. u is 35 cm from the lens.ƒ 8. Light up the electric bulb. c. 20 cm. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for objects distances of u =30cm. d. Adjust the bulb so that the object distance (filament ).

f. and 1/u + 1/v. . determine the intercepts of both axes. Plot graph of v against u and 1/v against 1/u . g. Record the corresponding values of v.e. 1/v. Calculate the values of 1/f.

v / cm 1/u (cm-1) 1/v (cm-1) 1/u + 1/v (cm-1) .0 20.9. u / cm 35.0 25.0 Image distance. Tabulation of data : Object distance.0 30.0 15.

Analysis of data : Discussion : I. It is observed that ( 1/u + 1/v ) is a constant which is equal to the calculated value of 1/f (= 0.9.1 ) 1/u + 1/v = 1/f 11. 10. Conclusion : .

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