GeoArabia

Journal of Middle East Petroleum Geosciences 2008, v. 13, no. 4. Moujahed I. Al-Husseini
geoarabi@batelco.com.bh GTS 2004 Quat Period
Epoch Stage Era Age (Ma)
0 1.8 5.3

MIDDLE EAST GEOLOGICAL TIMESCALE 2008
Cenozoic Era, Cretaceous and Jurassic Periods of Mesozoic Era
Ma

MFS

ARABIAN PLATE

Haq et al. (1988)
TB 3.9 - 3.11 TB 3.5 - 3.8 TB 3.4 TB 3.3 TB 3.2 TB 3.1 TB 2.5 + 2.6

SEQUENCE BOUNDARY AROS 2008 UNCONFORMITY DS SB Ma
0 1.6 1.5 1.5 6.4 GOS T70 1.4 GOS S70 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 AG 7 2.1 2 3.6 30.7 AG 6 25.8 21.0 16.1 11.2 GOS T60 AG 9 GOS S60 GOS T50 GOS S40 + S50 GOS T30 GOS S30 GOS T20 AG 8 GOS S20 GOS T10 GOS S10 GOS T00 1.5 GOS S80

EGYPT GULF OF SUEZ
Zaafarana Wardan Fm

SAUDI ARABIA Red Sea
Badr Fm Ifal Fm Hofuf Formation gravel, erosion of cover rock

BAHRAIN

QATAR

KUWAIT

IRAQ

SYRIA

IRAN

Outcrop

Subsurface

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

OMAN Subsurface Outcrop

Pleistocene Pliocene
Mes Late

7.2

Zeit Fm South Gharib Fm Belayim Fm Kareem Fm Upper Rudeis Mbr Lower Rudeis Mbr Upper Nukhul Mbr Lower Nukhul Mbr Abu Zenima Fm

Ghawas Fm Mansiyah Fm Kial Fm Jabal Kibrit Fm ?

Hofuf Formation

Dibdibba Formation

Dibdibba Formation

Bakhtiari Formation

Bakhtiari Formation

Bakhtiari Formation

FARS GROUP

Tor
11.6

"Clastics and Evaporites Fm"

Barzaman Fm

Neogene

Hiatus Lower Fars Fm Pre-Hofuf Unconformity Unnamed Limestone Injana Fm Fat'ha Fm Jeribe Fm Dam Fm Ghar Fm Dhiban Fm Euphrates Fm Ibrahim Fm Tarjil Fm Palani Fm Hiatus

Upper Red Fm

Miocene

Middle

Ser Lan Bur

13.8 16.0

Ng40 Ng30 Ng20

14.5 15.9 17.5 20.0

TB 2.4 TB 2.3 TB 2.2 TB 2.1 TB 1.5 TB 1.4

Lower Fars Fm Jeribe Fm

Agha Jari Formation

Upper Fars Fm

Upper Fars Fm Lower Fars Fm

Early

Dam Fm Burgan Fm Yanbu Fm 22-23 Ma Al Wajh Fm JIZAN GROUP ?

Mishan/ Guri Fms Gachsaran Qom Fm in Central Iran Hiatus

20.4

Ng10

Dhiban Fm Euphrates Fm

Taqa Fm

Sawadi Fm 2.5 2.4

Tertiary

Aqu
23.0

Hadrukh Fm

Miocene Oligocene

Pg50

24.5

TB 1.3 TB 1.2 TB 1.1

Asmari Fm Hiatus Pabdah 3 Dubai

Late

Oligocene

Cha
28.4 ± 0.1

Early

CENOZOIC

Rup
33.9 ± 0.1

Pg40 Pg30

29.0 33.0

TA 4.5 TA 4.4 TA 4.3 TA 4.2 TA 4.1 TA 3.6 TA 3.5 TA 3.4

Red Sea Rift Unconformity Matiyah Fm 33-34 Ma

Chilou Fm Lower Red Fm

Pabdeh 2

Hiatus 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 AG 4 3.1 3 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 4 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5 74.4 ? Duwi Fm 6.5 79.3 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.3 98.7 Raha Fm 7 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 113.3 108.4 103.6 7.2 7.1 93.9 Turonian Hiatus 89.0 Wata Fm 84.1 Matulla Fm 69.6 Sudr Fm 64.7 Early Cenozoic Hiatus 59.8 AG 1 55.0 AG 2 Esna Fm 50.1 45.3 AG 3 Thebes Fm 40.4 AG 5 35.5 Mid-Cenozoic Hiatus

Late

Pri
37.2 ± 0.1

Pabdah 1 Dubai Dammam Fm

Shama Fm 3.4 3.3 Seeb Fm 3.2 3.1 4.6 Rus Fm Rusayl Fm 4.5 4.4

?

Supra-Dammam Unconformity Alat Mbr Khobar Mbr Dammam Fm Alveolina Mbr Saila Mbr Midra Mbr Pre-Dammam Unconformity Dammam Fm Dammam 2 Dammam 1 Rus 3 Rus Fm Rus 2 Rus 1 UER 3 Umm er Radhuma Fm UER 2 UER 1 Umm er Radhuma Fm Umm er Radhuma Fm Umm er Radhuma Fm Rus Fm Aalaji Formation Sagerma Sinjar 3 Sinjar 2 Sinjar 1 Kolosh 2 Kolosh 1 Sinjar Fm Dammam Fm Dammam 3

Bart
40.4 ± 0.2

Paleogene

Lut

TA 3.3 TA 3.2
48.6 ± 0.2

Pg20 Early Ypr

50.0

55.8 ± 0.2

Tha
58.7 ± 0.2

Paleocene

Pg10

59.0

Sel

61.7 ± 0.2

TA 2.9 TA 2.8 TA 2.7 TA 2.6 TA 2.5 TA 2.4 TA 2.3 TA 2.2 TA 2.1 TA 1.4 TA 1.3 TA 1.2 TA 1.1 UZA 4.5

Usfan Fm

Kashtak Fm Lurestan

TA 3.1

Rus Fm

Rus Fm

HADHRAMAUT GROUP

Eocene

Middle

Jaddala/ Gercus Fms

Jaddala Fm

PadehJahrum Fms

Dammam Fm

Late

Umm er Radhuma Fm

Umm er Radhuma Fm

Jafnayn Fm

Mid

Hiatus Dakhla Fm ? Lina Mbr Hajajah Mbr Aruma 4 Aruma 3 Aruma 2 Aruma 1 Aruma Formation Bekhme Simsima Fm Tayarrat Fm Shiranish Fm Shiranish Fm Tarbur Fm Pre-UER Unconformity

Hiatus Muthaymimah Fm 5.5 5.4 Simsima Fm Simsima Fm Thaqab Fm Al Khod Fm Juwaiza Fm ARUMA GROUP 1c Upper Fiqa 5.3 5.2 5.1 6.6 6.5 Fiqa Fm 1b Lower Fiqa 6.4 6.3 1a B2 Laffan Fm Khasib BI Laffan Fm 6.1 Hiatus Ruwaydah Fm Sarvak 4 Sarvak 3 Sarvak 2 Sarvak 1 Rutbah 5 Rutbah 4 Rutbah 3 Nahr Umr Fm Rutbah 2 Rutbah 1 Kazhdoumi Fm Hiatus Bab Basin Clinoforms Hiatus Tuwayil Fm Mishrif WASIA GROUP Shlaif Mauddud 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 I S2 Natih I - 7 I S1 Natih I - 1 to I - 6 Nahr Umr 4 8a Nahr Umr Fm Nahr Umr 3 6a Nahr Umr 2 4a Nahr Umr 1 1a 8.2 Al-Hassanat IV 8.1 9.6 Shu’aiba Platform Kharaib Fm Dariyan Fm Shu’aiba Platform Hawar Mbr Upper Kharaib Zubair Formation Lekhwair Fm Gadvan Fm Nasr Mbr Th C Th D Th E Lower Kharaib Lekhwair Habshan 6 Habshan 5 Habshan 4 Habshan 3 Habshan 2 SalilRayda A RaydaHabshan B Qishn IV Qishn III Qishn II Jurf I Lekhwair 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.1 8.3 8.4 8.5 7.1 8.6 7.2 Muti Fm 6.2

Early

Dan
65.5 ± 0.3

Maa
70.6 ± 0.6

Usfan Fm

K180

70.0

UZA 4.4 UZA 4.3 UZA 4.2

Khanasir Mbr

Cam "late" K170 78.0

Lower Hartha C3 ARUMA GROUP ARUMA GROUP ARUMA GROUP Sa'adi Fm C2 C1 B3 R'mah Fm

Gurpi Fm

UZA 4.1 UZA 3.5

ARUMA GROUP

83.5 ± 0.7

UZA 3.4 UZA 3.3 K160 K150 85.0 88.0 UZA 3.2 UZA 3.1 UZA 2.7 UZA 2.6 K140 K130 93.0 95.5 UZA 2.5 UZA 2.4 UZA 2.3

Hiatus Tanuma Fm

Ilam Fm

Halul/Ilam

San
85.8 ± 0.7

LATE

Con
89.3 ± 1.0

Adaffa Fm Hiatus Pre-Aruma Unconformity

Gulneri Derro Volanics Mishrif Fm Rumaila Fm Ahmadi Fm Wara Fm Mauddud Fm Mishrif Fm Rumaila Fm Ahmadi Fm Wara Fm Mauddud Fm Upper 3rd Sst Middle and Lower Third Sand Dair Lst Fourth Sand Mishrif Fm Rumaila Fm Ahmadi Fm Wara Fm Mauddud Fm Judea Fm

Tur
93.5 ± 0.8

Natih V Natih IV Natih III Natih II

Abu Qada Fm

Maliha Fm Qiba Fm Majma 2 Overlies Basement ? Pre-Majma Unconformity Majma 1

Mishrif Mbr Rumaila Mbr Ahmadi Mbr Wara Mbr Mauddud Mbr Wasia Formation

Mishrif Fm Rumaila Fm Ahmadi Fm Wara Fm Mauddud Fm

Cen

99.6 ± 0.9

K120 K110

99.0 100.5

UZA 2.2 UZA 2.1 UZA 1.5 UZA 1.4

Cretaceous

K100 K90 "middle"
112.0 ± 1.0

108.0 110.0

UZA 1.3 UZA 1.2 UZA 1.1

Upper Khafji Huraysan Fm Dair Lst Khafji Main Sst Lower Khafji

Nahr Umr Fm

Nahr Umr Fm

Late Apt
121.0

LZB 4.2

8.2 8.1 Hiatus 8 9.6 9.5 118.2 Late Aptian Hiatus Bab Member Unnamed Clastics Formation Bab Member

K80 Early

119.0

LZB 4.1

Pre-Wasia Unconformity Sallah Fm

LZB 3.5
125.0 ± 1.0

9.5 9.4

123.0

K70 K60

124.5 125.5 129.0 LZB 3.4 LZB 3.3 LZB 3.2

Barr

9.3 9.3 9.2 9.1 9 10.6 10.5 10.5 137.6 10.4 10.3 10.3 142.5 10.2 10.1 10 11.6 147.3 Late Jurassic Hiatus 132.7 127.9

Malha Fm

MESOZOIC

130.0 ± 1.5

K50

Biyadh Sandstone

Kharaib Fm

Hau K40 EARLY "early"
136.4 ± 2.0

LZB 3.1 134.5 LZB 2.5 LZB 2.4 LZB 2.3

Pre-Biyadh Unconformity Buwaib Fm Pre-Buwaib Unconformity Yamama Fm Pre-Yamama Unconformity Sulaiy Fm Pre-Sulaiy Unconformity Manifa Mbr Hith Anhydrite Arab A Mbr Arab B Mbr Arab C Mbr Arab D Mbr Jubaila Fm Diyab Fm Hanifa Fm Hanifa Fm Najmah Fm Naokelekan Fm Hiatus Qamchuka Fm Hith Anhydrite Arab A Mbr Arab B Mbr Arab C Mbr Arab D Mbr Sulaiy Fm Yamama Fm Minagish Ratawi Fm Yamama Fm Ratawi Fm Zakum IV Qamchuka Formation Garau Formation

Burgan Formation

Alb

Safaniya Mbr

Th F Th G Th H Fahliyan Fm Habshan III KAHMAH GROUP Habshan II Habshan I Manifa Fm Hiatus Hith Anhydrite Hith Anhydrite Arab A Upper Anh Arab B Lower Anh Arab C Surmeh Formation Arab D Diyab IV Diyab III Diyab II

Val
140.2 ± 3.0

LZB 2.2 K30 K20
145.5 ± 4.0

140.0 142.0 145.0 147.0

LZB 2.1 LZB 1.6 LZB 1.5 LZB 1.4 LZB 1.1 - 1.3 LZA 4.7

Ber

Sulaiy Fm

Makhul Fm Hiatus Hith 1st Anh 1st Salt Gotnia Formation Basarin Fm Gotnia Salt 2nd Anh 2nd Salt 3rd Anh 3rd Salt 4th Anh 4th Salt Hiatus Najmah Fm

K10 J110

Habshan 1 Jubayla-Rayda

Tit
150.8 ± 4.0

Hith Transition Main Hith Anhydrite Arab A Reservoir Overlies Triassic Qiseib Fm Arab B Anhydrite Arab B Reservoir Arab C Anhydrite Arab C Reservoir Arab D Mbr Arab D Anhydrite Jubaila J2 Arab D Reservoir

J100 J90

151.0 LZA 4.6 151.4 151.8 152.2 155.25 LZA 4.4 LZA 4.1 - 4.3 159.0 LZA 3.2 162.5 LZA 3.1
12.6 12.5 12.5 166.8 12.4 12.3 12.3 171.6 12.2 Aalenian Hiatus 11.5

Hiatus 11.5

LATE

Kim

J80 J70 J60
155.7 ± 4.0

LZA 4.5
11.4 11.3

11.5 152.2

11.3 157.0

Kimmeridgian/Oxfordian Boundary

Jubaila JI Ulayyah Mbr Hawtah Mbr

?

Lower Jubaila

Hanifa Fm

Oxf
161.2 ± 4.0

J60? J50 J40

11.2 11.1 11 161.9

Hiatus Diyab I 11.1 Tuwaiq Mountain Limestone Dhruma Fm 12.6 12.5 12.4 Upper Mafraq Clastics 12.3 12.2

Oxfordian/Callovian Boundary Polar glaciation

Jurassic

Cal
164.7 ± 4.0

Tuwaiq Mountain Limestone Dhruma Fm Upper Middle

T3 T2 T1 D7

Tuwaiq Mt Limestone

Tuwaiq Mt Limestone Upper Araej Mbr

Upper Araej

Callovian/Bathonian Boundary Bathonian/Bajocian Boundary Bajocian/Aalenian Boundary

MIDDLE

Bat
167.7 ± 3.0

J30

167.5

LZA 2.2 - 2.4 LZA 2.1 LZA 1.1 UAB 4.6 UAB 4.5

Baj
171.6 ± 3.0

D5 + D6 D4 D3 D1 + D2

Uwainat Lower Araej Sargelu Fm Izhara Fm

Dhruma Fm

Uwainat Mbr Lower Araej Mbr Sargelu Fm Dhruma Fm ? ? ? Hiatus ? A Seq 4 Alan Fm Khane Khat Fm Alan Fm

Lower

Aal
175.6 ± 2.0

Hiatus Pre-Dhruma Unconformity

12.1 12 13.6 13.5 13.5 181.3 13.4 13.3 13.3 186.2 13.2 13.1 13 191.1 Early Jurassic Hiatus Marrat Fm 176.5

Upper Mafraq 3

Hiatus

Toa
183.0 ± 1.5

J10

181.0

UAB 4.4 UAB 4.3 UAB 4.1 + 4.2

Marrat Fm

Marrat Fm Marrat Formation

B Seq 3 C Seq 2 D Seq 1 Adaiyah Fm Mus Fm Qamchuka Fm

Upper Mafraq 2 Mus Fm Marrat Fm

EARLY

Pli

UAB 3.4
189.6 ± 1.5

Hiatus Adaiyah Fm Upper Mafraq 1

UAB 3.3 UAB 3.1 + 3.2

Hiatus

E

Sin
196.5 ± 1.0

Het
199.6 ± 0.6

14.3 to 14.6

Hiatus 200.8 Minjur Sandstone Pre-Marrat Unconformity Minjur Fm Hamlah Fm Minjur Fm Butmah Fm Sargelu Fm Dashtak Fm Hamlah Fm Lower Mafraq Clastics

UAB - 2
14

TRIASSIC

UAB - 1

14.1 and 14.2

Limestone

Dolomite

Anhydrite

Shale

Sandstone

Marl

Reservoir

Volcanic

TransgressiveRegressive Sequence

AROS DS
1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.1 3.6 3.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 5.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.2 12.1 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.3 13.2 13.1 14.6 to 14.3 14.2 and 14.1

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