The Annual General Meeting will be held on Friday, July 1, 2011, at Birla Matushri Sabhagar, Sir V. T.

Marg, New Marine Lines,
Mumbai 400020, at 3.30 p.m. As a measure of economy, copies of the Annual Report will not be distributed at the
Annual General Meeting. Members are requested to bring their copies to the meeting.
Awards and Recognitions
Global Media Awards
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No. 1 Employer in India (Dataquest)
No. 1 IT firm (Dataquest)
Best IT-Software Company (NDTV Business
Leadership Awards 2010)
Most Admired IT Company of the Year
(Bloomberg-UTV)
India’s ‘Best Managed Company’ (Finance Asia)
No. 5 in Bloomberg Businessweek's Tech 100
Listed among Forbes Asia's Fabulous 50 companies
Top 3 consulting companies in Belgium
(Data News Awards for Excellence)
Leadership Awards
N. Chandrasekaran
Best CEO in India – 2010 (Finance Asia)
Business Leader of the Year – 2010
(All India Management Association)
Best Executive in India – 2010 (Asiamoney)
S. Mahalingam
Best CFO in India – 2010 (Finance Asia)
Best Performing CFO in IT and ITeS sector – 2010
(CNBC TV18)
Inducted to CFO India Hall of Fame – 2010
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Cover image: TCS Siruseri, Chennai, India
02 I TCS Annual Report 2010-11
(Standing - left to right)
Director
R Sommer
Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director
S Mahalingam
Director
I Hussain
Director
V Kelkar
Executive Director and Head,
Global Corporate Affairs
P A Vandrevala
Director
A Mehta
Director
V Thyagarajan
Board of Directors
As of March 31, 2011
TCS Annual Report 2010-11 03 I
(Sitting - left to right)
Director
Laura Cha
Vice Chairman
S Ramadorai
Chairman
R N Tata
Chief Executive Officer
and Managing Director
N Chandrasekaran
Director
C M Christensen
04 I TCS Annual Report 2010-11
Financial Highlights
Revenues
Up 24.3% @ 37,325 crore
Operating
Profits
Up 29.9% @ 10,417 crore
Net Profits
Up 29.5% @ 9,068 crore
04 I TCS Annual Report 2010-11
TCS Annual Report 2010-11 05 I
Our Leadership Team
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
N Chandrasekaran S Mahalingam
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director
P A Vandrevala
Executive Director and Head, Global Corporate Affairs
A Mukherjee
VP and Head, Global Human Resources
As of March 31, 2011
06 I TCS Annual Report 2010-11
Our success over the last 12 months would not have been
possible without the dedication, commitment and
performance of 1,98,614 TCSers – your Company’s
biggest asset.
TCS Annual Report 2010-11 07 I
Letter from CEO
Dear Shareholders,
It is my pleasure to report the annual results for 2010-11.
Your Company has per formed excepti onal l y
in terms of growth and profitability by capturing
opportunities and executing on the ground. Business
demand rose steadily through the year and revenues
for the financial year grew annually at 24.3% on a
consolidated basis to ` 37,325 crore ($8.2 billion).
Our ability to increase profitability in the face of
strong operational headwinds was also significant.
Our net profits grew by 29.5% to ` 9,068 crore as we
delivered sustained value to our customers. This stellar
performance has enabled the Board of Directors to
recommend a final dividend of ` 8 per share taking
the total dividend for 2010-11 to ` 14 per share.
During the year, we saw a strong revival in business
demand across markets. Demand from customers in
developed markets like USA, Europe and Australia
continued to recover as did growth from the emerging
markets of Asia-Pacific and India. Going forward,
TCS will focus on increasing its solution-set to address
larger segments of the market as well as grow the
scale and scope of operations in each market.
Our solutions are designed to help customers optimise
operations for efficiency as well as innovate and
drive growth in their business across markets.
Our industry-focused structure – from sales to delivery –
strengthened our ability to partner with our customers
on their initiatives, resulting in double digit growth in
all our major verticals. Our deep domain knowledge
and capabilities enables us to work closely with clients
in multiple parts of their business. This is also reflected in
the holistic nature of our customer engagements today.
Over the last 12 months, we have added 140 new
customers. We continued to increase our share of IT
spend across our key customer base by providing
integrated solutions designed to propel their business
forward. In this context, your Company’s strategy of
a full services offering is proving very effective. While the
core IT services business continues its double digit
growth, strong annualised growth in other service
lines like assurance services (67%), infrastructure
management (40%), global consulting (41%) and the
intellectual-property based products business (38%)
helped us post an industry-leading performance for
fiscal year 2011. We believe that the service lines which
are currently less than a billion dollars each have the
market potential to be multi-billion dollar businesses
as they scale in size and reach.
One important plank of your Company’s growth
strategy is its strategic portfolio of non-linear
businesses – new service offerings – that aim to break
the traditional linear relationship between growth in
manpower and revenues as seen in traditional business
models of IT service companies. These strategic units
are focused on the creation of Intellectual Property
and use of new technologies like cloud computing
to deliver new operating models to existing and new
customer segments.
Our non-linear growth businesses fall broadly under
three initiatives:
Software Products: Our products or asset-
leveraged solutions currently contribute 3.6%
of our revenues and consist primarily of our
comprehensive portfolio of products under the
TCS BαNCS brand for banking, capital markets
and insurance. We have also invested in building
solutions for the government and healthcare
industries.
Process Clouds: Our second foray in this area
leverages the cloud computing paradigm for large
enterprises. Cloud computing allows us to deliver
standardised end-to-end processes as a service
to customers using new operating models. With
the rapid evolution of technology and scarcity of
IT talent, more non-core processes would be
considered for the cloud paradigm. TCS is offering
specific solutions using the cloud paradigm in
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08 I TCS Annual Report 2010-11
organisation. We believe that this gives us the
ability to move swiftly in the marketplace and helps
integrate our large intake of new employees quickly.
Your Company continues to invest in and leverage
technologies like social media and web 2.0 to
engage and enrich associates.
Looking ahead to 2011-12, several global macro-
economic challenges continue to cast a shadow on
a state of strong business demand. Some of the key
reasons are estimated slow GDP and employment
growth as well as soaring levels of public debt in
mature markets like USA and Europe; and high
commodity prices, inflation and currency movement
dampening growth in emerging markets like India,
China and Brazil.
Global business, however, is better experienced to
deal with such roadblocks. Companies are re-starting
several initiatives to embrace growth by aggressively
adopting new technologies like cloud computing,
mobile computing, information analytics, green
supply chains and social media. TCS is partnering
with its customers along multiple dimensions to
shape the use of these technologies in their business.
Technology continues to be one key driver of
busi ness growth worl dwi de, wi th I T spends
continuing to see an annual rise for the foreseeable
future. Given these trends and with just one per cent
market share of global IT spends, we believe that
there are adequate opportunities for your Company
to capture growth going forward.
On behalf of everyone at TCS, I want to thank you for
your support and commitment to TCS. Your belief in
this Company has helped make TCS among the most
valuable IT service companies in the world. I look
forward to your continued support and best wishes to
help take TCS to the next level on its growth journey.
Warm regards,
N Chandrasekaran
CEO and MD
May 20, 2011
human resource management, procurement,
analytics as well as finance and accounting.
It also offers specific platforms for the life and
pension industry in the UK (through its subsidiary
Diligenta) as well as a reconciliation platform for
commercial banks.
iON: TCS launched iON, a unique integrated
solution for India’s small and medium business
(SMB) market in February 2011. The new offering
has been well received by the market. It combines
hardware, network and software applications
along with an effective operating model that
addresses business needs of SMBs. The number of
SMB customers is steadily increasing and we expect
this to become a significant new business offering
for TCS in markets, other than India, going forward.
The success of non-linear initiatives are important to
sustain the long-term growth and manageability of
the Company.
Our success over the last 12 months would not
have been possi bl e wi thout the dedi cati on,
commitment and performance of 1,98,614 TCSers –
your Company’s biggest asset. Your Company is
helping this energetic, young global workforce build
new competencies and develop strong careers.
We continue to invest in technologies, domain and
process knowledge to make them more productive
in an atmosphere of collaboration that engages and
empowers them to realise their potential.
Building a growing organisation requires investment
not only in the best people but also creating world-
class infrastructure that is sustainable and adds value
to those working there. TCS continues to invest in
building world-class, intelligent campuses in India
and overseas. We have initiated plans to build a new
10,000-seater Learning Centre in Trivandrum while
other large campus facilities in Pune, Chennai,
Hyderabad and Mumbai continue to come on stream.
The core of the Company is driven by a digital
backbone, which aligns people to the organisation
rapidly and allows us to engage, transact and learn
from the collective intellect and power of the
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9
R N Tata (Chairman)
S Ramadorai (Vice Chairman)
N Chandrasekaran (CEO & Managing Director)
Aman Mehta
V Thyagarajan
Prof. Clayton M Christensen
Dr. Ron Sommer
Laura M Cha
S Mahalingam (CFO & Executive Director)
Phiroz Vandrevala (Executive Director)
Dr. Vijay Kelkar
Ishaat Hussain
Company Secretary
Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Statutory Auditors
Deloitte Haskins & Sells
US GAAP Auditors
Deloitte Haskins & Sells
Registered Office
9
th
Floor, Nirmal Building
Nariman Point, Mumbai 400 021
Tel : 91 22 6778 9595
Fax : 91 22 6778 9660
Website : www.tcs.com
Corporate Office
TCS House
Raveline Street, Fort
Mumbai 400 001
Tel : 91 22 6778 9999
Fax : 91 22 6778 9000
E-mail: investor.relations@tcs.com
Registrars & Transfer Agents
TSR Darashaw Limited
6-10, Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate
20, Dr. E. Moses Road, Mahalaxmi
Mumbai 400 011
Tel : 91 22 6656 8484
Fax : 91 22 6656 8494
E-mail: csg-unit@tsrdarashaw.com
Website: www.tsrdarashaw.com
Board of Directors
(As of March 31, 2011)
10
Annual Report 2010-11
Management Team
Function Name
Corporate
CEO N Chandrasekaran
CFO S Mahalingam
Corporate Affairs Phiroz Vandrevala
Global Human Resources Ajoyendra Mukherjee
Geography Heads
North America Surya Kant
Europe A S Lakshminarayanan
APAC Girija Pande
Vish Iyer
Qi Qi Dong
Masahiko Kaji
Latin America Henry Manzano
MEA Girish Ramachandran
India Srinivasa G Raghavan
Functions
Marketing John Lenzen
Corporate Communication Pradipta Bagchi
R&D K Ananth Krishnan
Human Resources Ritu Anand
Ashok Mukherjee
K Ganesan
Thomas Simon
S Narasimhan
Legal Satya Hegde
Finance B Sanyal
V Ramakrishnan
Pauroos Karkaria
G S Lakshminarayanan
Rajesh Gopinathan
Company Secretary Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Chief Compliance Officer Ravindra J Shah
Security R K Raghavan
11
Management Team
Function Name
Industry Service Units
Banking & Financial Services Ramanamurthy Magapu
K Krithivasan
Susheel Vasudevan
Tej Paul Bhatla
Insurance Vijaya Deepti
Suresh Muthuswami
Telecom Ravi Viswanathan
Manufacturing Milind Lakkad
Hi Tech Nagaraj Ijari
Carol Wilson
Government Tanmoy Chakrabarty
Retail & Distribution Pratik Pal
Life Sciences & Healthcare Debashis Ghosh
Energy, Resources & Utilities Hasit Kaji
Media and Information Services Kamal Bhadada
Travel & Hospitality S Sukanya
Strategic Growth Units
TCS Financial Services N G Subramaniam
Small & Medium Business Venguswamy Ramaswamy
Platform BPO Raj Agrawal
Service Units
Global Consulting Practice J Rajagopal
Engineering & Industrial Services Regu Ayyaswamy
Infrastructure Services P R Krishnan
BPO Abid Ali Neemuchwala
Global Delivery Network Gabriel Rozman
Assurance Services Siva Ganesan
Enterprise Solutions Krishnan Ramanujam
Alliances K Jayaramakrishnan
Internal IT Alok Kumar
12
Annual Report 2010-11
Directors’ Report
To the Members,
The Directors submit the Annual Report of the Company along with the audited statement of accounts for the financial
year ended March 31, 2011.
1. Financial Results
(` crores)
Unconsolidated Consolidated
2010 - 2011 2009 - 2010 2010 - 2011 2009 - 2010
(i) Income from Sales and Services 29,275.41 23,044.45 37,324.51 30,028.92
(ii) Other Income (net) 494.73 177.60 604.00 272.07
(iii) Total Income 29,770.14 23,222.05 37,928.51 30,300.99
(iv) Operating Expenditure 20,511.88 16,372.78 26,146.15 21,334.37
(v) Profit before Interest, Depreciation and Tax 9,258.26 6,849.27 11,782.36 8,966.62
(vi) Interest 20.01 9.54 26.48 16.10
(vii) Depreciation and Amortisation 537.82 469.35 735.26 660.89
(viii) Profit before Taxes 8,700.43 6,370.38 11,020.62 8,289.63
(ix) Provision for Taxes 1,130.44 751.87 1,830.83 1,196.97
(x) Minority Interest and Share of Loss of
Associates - - 121.75 92.02
(xi) Net Profit for the Year 7,569.99 5,618.51 9,068.04 7,000.64
(xii) Balance Brought Forward from Previous Year 10,458.13 9,990.41 13,604.84 11,835.03
(xiii) Amount Available for Appropriation 18,028.12 15,608.92 22,672.88 18,835.67
Appropriations
(a) Interim Dividends on Equity Shares 1,174.32 1,174.32 1,174.32 1,174.32
(b) Proposed Final Dividend on Equity Shares 1,565.78 782.89 1,565.78 782.89
(c) Proposed Special Dividend on Equity Shares - 1,957.22 - 1,957.22
(d) Proposed Total Dividend on Equity Shares 2,740.10 3,914.43 2,740.10 3,914.43
(e) Proposed Dividend on Redeemable Preference
Shares 11.00 17.00 11.00 17.00
(f) Tax on Dividends 450.82 657.51 459.15 663.18
(g) General Reserve 757.00 561.85 827.58 636.22
(h) Balance carried to Balance Sheet 14,069.20 10,458.13 18,635.05 13,604.84
(1 crore = 10 million)
2. Dividend
Based on the Company’s performance, the Directors are pleased to recommend for approval of the members
a final dividend of ` 8 per share for the year 2010-11 taking the total dividend to ` 14 per share (previous year
` 10 per share excluding special dividend of ` 10 per share) on the capital of 195,72,20,996 Equity Shares of
` 1 each. The final dividend on the Equity Shares, if approved by the members would involve a cash outflow of
` 1,819.78 crores including dividend tax. The total cash outflow on account of dividend including dividend tax
for the year 2010-11 including interim dividends already paid, would aggregate ` 3,189.14 crores resulting in a
payout of 42.13% of the unconsolidated profits of the Company.
The Redeemable Preference Shares allotted on March 28, 2008 are entitled to a fixed cumulative dividend of
1% per annum and a variable non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the rate of dividend
declared during the year on the Equity Shares of the Company and the average rate of dividend declared on
the Equity Shares of the Company for the three years preceding the year of issue of the said Redeemable
Preference Shares. Accordingly, the Directors have recommended, for approval of the members, a dividend of
Eleven paise (` 0.11) per share on 100,00,00,000 Redeemable Preference Shares of ` 1 each for the financial
year 2010-11.
13
3. Transfer to Reserves
The Company proposes to transfer ` 757.00 crores to the General Reserve out of the amount available for
appropriations and an amount of ` 14,069.20 crores is proposed to be retained in the Profit and Loss Account.
4. Company’s Performance
Financial Year 2010-11 marked a strong resurgence in volume and demand growth post the financial crisis.
This growth was led by developed markets of the United States and Europe with strong contributions from
Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa and was secular across all industries and markets. The second half of the
year also witnessed an uptick in pricing for the first time since September 2008. The Company has registered a
strong broad based sequential growth across all key markets and customer segments.
On consolidated basis for the year 2010-11, revenues at ` 37,324.51 crores were higher by 24.30% over the
previous year’s revenues of ` 30,028.92 crores. Operating profit (profit before taxes excluding other income)
at ` 10,416.62 crores was higher by 29.92% over the previous year’s operating profit of ` 8,017.56 crores.
Net profit for the year at ` 9,068.04 crores was higher by 29.53% over the previous year’s net profit
of ` 7,000.64 crores.
On unconsolidated basis, revenues at ` 29,275.41 crores for the year 2010-11 were higher by 27.04% over the
previous year’s revenues of ` 23,044.45 crores. Operating profit (profit before taxes excluding other income)
at ` 8,205.70 crores was up 32.50% from the previous year’s operating profit of ` 6,192.78 crores. Net profit
for the year at ` 7,569.99 crores was higher by 34.73% than the previous year’s net profit of ` 5,618.51 crores.
5. International Credit Rating
The Company continues to have A3 investment-grade issuer rating as well as an indicative foreign currency debt
rating of Baa1, with a stable outlook from Moody’s Investors Services. The rating is not for any specific debt
issuance of the Company.
Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services has assigned to the Company its BBB positive corporate credit rating with
outlook as stable.
The Company has also been rated by Dun & Bradstreet at 5A1 (Condition-Strong). The rating is assigned on the
basis of tangible net worth and composite appraisal of the Company.
6. Strategic Acquisitions and Alliances
The strategic acquisitions and alliances during the year were as follows –
(i) MahaOnline Limited:
The Company has entered into an Agreement with the Government of Maharashtra pursuant to
which a new subsidiary company, MahaOnline Limited (MahaOnline) has been setup on July 28, 2010
with equity participation from TCS and Government of Maharashtra. MahaOnline provides online
internet-based citizen services to the residents in Maharashtra. This citizen service portal is integrated with
DigiGov – a state-of-the-art e-Governance solution developed by TCS.
(ii) Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly known as Unisys Insurance Services Limited):
On August 31, 2010, Diligenta Limited, a majority owned subsidiary, acquired the entire share capital of
Unisys Insurance Services Limited (UISL), which provides life and pensions services to its clients in the UK.
On this acquisition UISL was renamed as Diligenta 2 Limited. This has secured Diligenta’s position as a
leading service provider in the UK’s life and pensions BPO market. The number of policies now administered
by Diligenta has risen from 3.6 million to over 5 million.
(iii) MS CJV Investments Corporation:
On October 4, 2010, Tata America International Corporation – a wholly owned subsidiary, acquired
100% share capital of MS CJV Investments Corporation. Consequently, the group holding in
Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co., Ltd. has increased from 65.94% to 74.63%.
(iv) Retail FullServe Limited (formerly known as SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited):
On October 8, 2010, the Company acquired 100% equity share capital of SUPERVALU Services
India Private Limited from SUPERVALU Inc., one of the largest grocery retailers in North America.
Retail FullServe Limited specialises in providing complete IT and IT-enabled services to the Retail industry.
TCS has signed a multi-year agreement with SUPERVALU Inc. for full services engagement. This acquisition
has strengthened the retail industry segment of the Company through integration of IT, IT infrastructure
and BPO services of Retail FullServe Limited.
14
Annual Report 2010-11
7. Human Resource Development
TCS is the largest private sector employer in India with total employee strength of 1,98,614 including its
subsidiaries as at March 31, 2011.
A robust manpower planning process ensures that all steps from business requirements to sourcing and staffing
are seamlessly aligned. Our distinct people integration model, not only ensures faster time-to-productivity, but
it also integrates culturally diverse professionals into the organisation by fostering a behaviour based on a
shared set of common values. This enabled the organisation to assimilate a gross addition of 69,685 employees
(including subsidiaries).
The strategic initiatives for talent development through learning and development programs and experiential
learning ensured that the Company had right competencies in its workforce to meet the business demand.
High utilisation rates were sustained throughout the year, 83.10% excluding trainees and 76.20% including
trainees as at March 31, 2011, helping to deliver better financial results.
Continued focus on talent engagement, competency development, role and career progression and benchmarked
compensation and benefits for our employees helped the Company to attract and retain the best talent across the
globe as well as build a pipeline of leaders to meet its future requirements. The Company has been successful in
building a performance oriented culture with high levels of engagement and empowerment in an environment
of teamwork.
A well defined process to review its HR policies and processes ensured that the Company complied with the
regulatory requirements of the countries where it operates. The strategy to have a diverse workforce catering to
its global business requirements saw a gross addition of 7,593 employees outside India (including subsidiaries)
taking the count of non-Indian nationals (including subsidiaries) to 13,665 from 99 nationalities. The percentage
of women working for the Company is 30.30%.
8. Quality Initiatives
TCS has been assessed enterprise-wide, at the highest maturity Level 5 of the Capability Maturity Model
Integration® for CMMI®-DEV (Development) and CMMI®-SVC (Services) models. With this achievement,
TCS has set a new benchmark as the first publicly stated recipient to achieve a multiple simultaneous appraisal
against two constellations of the CMMI® model. TCS is also the first organisation in the world, to be appraised
at Level 5 of the CMMI®-SVC model, which underscores the maturity of the firm’s fast growing Business Process
Outsourcing (BPO) and Infrastructure Services business.
TCS was recommended for conti nuati on of i ts enterpri se-wi de certi fi cati on for I SO 9001: 2008
(Quality Management), ISO 27001:2005 (Security Management) and ISO 20000:2005 (Service Management).
TCS also continues to maintain domain specific quality certifications AS 9100 (for Aerospace Industry),
ISO 13485 (for Medical Devices) and TL 9000 (for Telecom Industry) thus further reinforcing the industry domain
focus within the organisation.
TCS was certified enterprise-wide for ISO 14001:2004 (Environmental Management) and OHSAS 18001:2007
(Occupational Health and Safety Management) certifications. These certifications demonstrate TCS’ strong
commitment to the environment and the occupational health and safety of its associates and business partners;
and helps convey this to all its stakeholders, including customers.
The above certifications reaffirm TCS’ commitment to achieve the highest standards of quality while focusing
on constantly improving quality and processes in a dynamic environment. The cornerstone of these certifications
is the in-house developed integrated Quality Management System (iQMS) - a vibrant, process-driven,
people-oriented and customer-focused quality management system which is continuously evolving to cater to
the requirements of TCS’ varied business offerings and is the backbone supporting the Global Network Delivery
Model (GNDM
TM
).
9. Corporate Sustainability
In keeping with the Tata tradition of giving back to the society, Corporate Sustainability (CS) lies at the heart
of TCS’ corporate culture. The guiding principle of TCS’ CS programmes is “Impact through Empowerment”
where empowerment is a process of strengthening the future today so that risk is minimised, value created
and certainty experienced. TCS focuses on empowering the community, especially through work with youth,
women and children. Affirmative action directed to less privileged communities is one of the highlight of
TCS’ activities under CS.
15
Education, Health and Environment are the core themes for TCS’ CS programs. Over 6,600 TCS volunteers and
families provided education and skills development to 10,225 children and partnered with 65 institutes in China,
Ecuador, India, South Africa and UK. Over 4,000 villagers across Delhi, Maharashtra, Orissa and Tamil Nadu were
benefited through rural development initiatives.


Major CS Initiatives through Information Technology (IT)
o Med Mantra: An integrated Hospital Management System along with the necessary IT infrastructure
including a comprehensive and fully integrated, web-based solution, ‘Med Mantra’ has been implemented
free of cost for the Cancer Institute at Chennai.
o Computer based Functional Literacy programme: TCS’ Computer based Functional Literacy programme
that was first launched in the year 2000, has by now made around 1,50,000 persons literate. TCS is
partnering the National Literacy Mission Authority to spread literacy under the Saakshar Bharat programme.
International CS initiatives
o North America: During the year, TCS North America has made donations in excess of $500,000 for a
variety of causes to organisations like the American Cancer Society, Habitat for Humanity, Juvenile Diabetes
Research Foundation, Toys R Us Children’s Fund, and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.
Approximately 10% of the associates participated in the various initiatives across North America throughout
the year.
TCS’ ‘goIT’ program that has spread to 12 schools over 2 years, encourages local students to engage in
computer science education and a career path through in-school workshops and a summer robotics camp
hosted at the TCS Seven Hills Park campus in Ohio. This program has received several community and
government awards including the 2010 Investing in People Award by the Workforce One Investment Board
of Southwest Ohio.
o UK and Ireland: TCS is working with the UK Government Department for International Development to
deploy its capabilities in development activities. TCS UK and Ireland donated around £200,000 during the
year for influencing change in the marketplace, workplace and environment as well as supporting more
than 200 charities in the areas of health and education.
Over the past 3 years, TCS has been working with the UK Government Department for Education and
the British Council to develop 300 Global Fellows, who act as ambassadors to 3,000 UK secondary schools.
Furthermore, TCS partners the ‘Wings of Hope’ scheme to help UK students develop business skills and gain
an understanding of education in India and Malawi. In addition, TCS has developed an IT entrepreneur
scheme with the local authority for Carlow University, Ireland.
o Europe: Activities to spread awareness and raise funds for treatment of multiple sclerosis and breast
cancer were carried out across Europe during the year. For contributing to the Haiti earthquake relief fund,
TCS employees in Switzerland collaborated with the client of Swiss Re. TCS Belgium employees engaged
in ‘Discover Your Talent’ along with 6 other companies to create employability for immigrant children.
Core Competencies
Leveraged and
Deployed in CSR
Adult literacy
National and State level
IT awareness quizzes
IT and business skills
programmes for youth
Deployment of Hospital
Management System
Working with less
privileged schools
Fund raising events for
cancer and other health
causes
Volunteering support to
environmental causes
Solution to address
climate change
Volunteering
Themes
Mode
Education Health Environment
16
Annual Report 2010-11
o China: As part of ‘Operation Smile’, TCS China participated in a charity auction and donated RMB 26,000
to help needy cleft lip and palate children to undergo surgery.
o Australia: Following the 2011 floods in Queensland, TCS initiated a collection drive to contribute
AUD $30,000 towards the Queensland Flood Disaster Fund.
o Chile: Subsequent to the earthquake in Chile in February 2010, TCS donated 5 desalination plants and
2,000 water purifiers worth around one million US Dollars.
Significant Recognition for CS Activities
o Commendation certificate for ‘Significant Achievement’ in CII-ITC Sustainability Awards 2010
o TCS included in Dow Jones Sustainability World Index 2010 as one of the three Indian companies
10. Awards/Recognitions
o TCS rated Level A+ for its Sustainability Report by Global Reporting Initiative
o TCS wins Certificate of Commendation for Significant Achievement for Large Businesses at
CII-ITC Sustainability Awards 2010
o DataQuest Best Employer Award in India
o ‘Top Employer ICT Netherlands’ with certification for Excellence in Human Resources practices and 5 stars
(highest in the industry) in three categories
o Britain’s Top Employers for 2011 by the CRF Institute (formerly known as Corporate Research Foundation)
o Recruiting and Staffing Best in Class Awards (RASBIC) in four categories for the fourth year in a row
11. Corporate Governance Report and Management Discussion and Analysis Statement
Corporate Governance Report and Management Discussion and Analysis statement are attached to this Report.
12. Directors’ Responsibility Statement
Pursuant to the requirement of Section 217(2AA) of the Companies Act, 1956 (“Act”), and based on the
representations received from the operating management, the Directors hereby confirm that:
(i) in the preparation of the Annual Accounts for the year 2010-11, the applicable Accounting Standards have
been followed and there are no material departures;
(ii) they have selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and
estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the
Company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the Company for the financial year;
(iii) they have taken proper and sufficient care to the best of their knowledge and ability for the maintenance
of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.
They confirm that there are adequate systems and controls for safeguarding the assets of the Company
and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;
(iv) they have prepared the Annual Accounts on a going concern basis.
13. Subsidiary Companies and Consolidated Financial Statements
The Company had 55 subsidiaries at the beginning of the year.
Five subsidiaries namely, MahaOnline Limited, Diligenta 2 Limited, MS CJV Investments Corporation,
Retail FullServe Limited and CMC eBiz Inc. were set up/acquired during the year.
The following subsidiaries were merged during the year with other subsidiaries of the Company:
o Exegenix Research Inc. and ERI Holdings Corp. were merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.
o Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada, Syscrom SA and Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA were merged
with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA and subsequently the name of the merged entity was changed
to Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA.
Financial Network Services (H.K.) Limited was liquidated and de-registered during the year.
Consequently, the total number of subsidiaries as on March 31, 2011 is 54.
There has been no material change in the nature of the business of the subsidiaries. A statement containing
brief financial details of the subsidiaries is included in the Annual Report.
As required under the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges, a Consolidated Financial Statement
of the Company and all its subsidiaries is attached. The Consolidated Financial Statements have been
prepared in accordance with the relevant Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 211(3C) of the
Companies Act, 1956 (“Act”). These financial statements disclose the assets, liabilities, income, expenses and
other details of the Company, its subsidiaries and associate companies.
17
Pursuant to the provision of Section 212(8) of the Act, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide its
circular dated February 8, 2011 has granted general exemption from attaching the Balance Sheet,
Profit and Loss Account and other documents of the subsidiary companies with the Balance Sheet of the
Company. A statement containing brief financial details of the Company’s subsidiaries for the financial year ended
March 31, 2011 is included in the Annual Report. The annual accounts of these subsidiaries and the related
detailed information will be made available to any member of the Company/its subsidiaries seeking such
information at any point of time and are also available for inspection by any member of the Company/its
subsidiaries at the registered office of the Company. The annual accounts of the said subsidiaries will also be
available for inspection, as above, at the head offices/registered offices of the respective subsidiary companies.
The Company shall furnish a copy of details of annual accounts of subsidiaries to any member on demand.
14. Fixed Deposits
The Company has not accepted any public deposits and as such, no amount on account of principal or interest
on public deposits was outstanding as on the date of the Balance Sheet.
15. Directors
Platform based BPO is one of the Company’s strategic initiatives to drive non-linear growth in the future.
Diligenta Limited, the Company’s subsidiary in the United Kingdom addresses the life and pension business
segment by providing BPO services using the BĮNCS platform built by the Company and remains one of the key
components of this strategy. Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala has taken over as the Managing Director and Vice Chairman of
Diligenta Limited to drive this business and its execution globally. Pursuant to his appointment in Diligenta Limited,
he has ceased to be an Executive Director of the Company. The Company will continue to avail the services of
Mr. Vandrevala as a Director on the Board of the Company in Non-Executive, Non-Independent capacity
with effect from May 13, 2011. As per the provisions of Section 260 of the Companies Act, 1956, (“Act”),
Mr. Vandrevala holds office up to the date of the forthcoming Annual General Meeting of the Company.
The Company has received notice in writing from a member under Section 257 of the Act, in respect of
Mr. Vandrevala proposing his appointment as a Director of the Company.
Mr. Aman Mehta, Mr. V. Thyagarajan and Mr. S. Mahalingam, Directors, retire by rotation and being eligible
have offered themselves for re-appointment.
16. Auditors
M/s. Deloitte Haskins & Sells, Chartered Accountants, who are the statutory auditors of the Company, hold office
in accordance with the provisions of the Act upto the conclusion of the forthcoming Annual General Meeting
and are eligible for re-appointment.
17. Particulars of employees
The information required under Section 217(2A) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Rules made thereunder,
is provided in Annexure forming part of the Report. In terms of Section 219(1)(b)(iv) of the Act, the Report and
Accounts are being sent to the Shareholders excluding the aforesaid Annexure. Any Shareholder interested in
obtaining copy of the same may write to the Company Secretary.
18. Conservation of energy, technology absorption, foreign exchange earnings and outgo
The particulars as prescribed under section 217(1)(e) of the Act, read with the Companies (Disclosure of Particulars
in the Report of Board of Directors) Rules, 1988, are set out in an Annexure to this Report.
19. Acknowledgements
The Directors thank the Company’s employees, customers, vendors, investors and academic institutions for their
support to the Company.
The Directors also thank the Governments of various countries, Government of India, State Governments in
India and concerned Government Departments/Agencies for their co-operation.
The Directors appreciate and value the contributions made by every member of the TCS family globally.
On behalf of the Board of Directors,
Mumbai R. N. Tata
May 20, 2011 Chairman
18
Annual Report 2010-11
Annexure to the Directors’ Report
Particulars pursuant to Companies (Disclosure of Particulars in the Report of Board of Directors) Rules, 1988
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
The operations of the Company involve low energy consumption. Adequate measures have, however, been taken to
conserve energy.
TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION, ADAPTATION AND INNOVATION
The Company continues to use the latest technologies for improving the productivity and quality of its services and
products.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D)
Specific areas in which R&D was carried out by the Company
TCS’ R&D organisation is focused on creating intellectual capital for the Company and enabling innovation across the
following three dimensions:
o Supporting the competitiveness of current business across industries and service lines.
o Enabling the creation of new platforms for non-linear business growth.
o Exploring new areas and technologies for future new business opportunities.
TCS has initiated ‘Research Scholar’ sponsorships to benefit research in the IT disciplines in Indian Academia. This will
increase the number of PhDs in the Company’s focus areas. This program will also build stronger ties between the
academic institutes and TCS Innovation Laboratories through active mentorship. TCS Innovation Laboratories have
started operating out of the IIT Research Park in Chennai. Two major academic alliances with University of California
at Berkeley and Purdue University of USA have been initiated.
To foster a culture of innovation in the Company, a number of innovation platforms, contests and awards were
launched. The Company also hosted innovation forums in three continents and held over 40 innovation workshops
and symposia. TCS’ researchers participated in more than 150 conferences and published close to 200 papers in
prestigious journals.
TCS increased its Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) significantly. 223 patents were filed in several countries in
FY 2010-11. Until now, cumulatively, TCS has filed 448 patent applications of which 68 have been granted. In the
current financial year 6 patents have been granted.
Future Plan of Action
In the coming year R&D organisation will look at creating non-linear solutions. The research areas under focus will be
tools, performance and agility, security and privacy, customer experience, ubiquity and health.
Expenditure on R&D
(` crores)
Year ended
31.3.2011
Year ended
31.3.2010
(a) Capital 1.41 0.39
(b) Recurring 97.20 77.19
(c) Total 98.61 77.58
(d) Total R&D expenditure as percentage of total income 0.33% 0.33%

Foreign exchange earnings and outgo
(` crores)
Year ended
31.3.2011
Year ended
31.3.2010
(a) Foreign exchange earnings 26,665.83 21,289.57
(b) CIF Value of Imports 375.87 112.97
(c) Expenditure in foreign currency 8,890.64 7,339.16
On behalf of the Board of Directors,
Mumbai R. N. Tata
May 20, 2011 Chairman
19
Management Discussion and Analysis
1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
1.1 Market sizing, trends and potential
1
World-wide spending on technology and related
products and services is estimated to have crossed
US$ 1.6 trillion in 2010, a growth of 4.0% over 2009,
with growth driven by emerging verticals and emerging
geographies in addition to USA.
Global IT services spend increased from US$ 566 billion
in 2009 to US$ 574 billion in 2010. The geographic
revenues break-up for IT services was as follows:
- America’s share 43.0% in 2010 (42.8% in 2009)
- Europe Middle-East and Africa revenues 39.7% in
2010 (40.2% in 2009)
- Asia-Pacific revenues 17.3% in 2010 (17.0% in 2009)
Global Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services
spend has increased from US$ 152 billion in 2009 to
US$ 158 billion in 2010. The geographic revenues
break-up for BPO spend was as follows:
- America’s share at 55.3% in 2010 (55.8% in 2009)
- Europe Middle-East and Africa revenues 25.9% in
2010 (26.0% in 2009)
- Asia-Pacific revenues 18.8% in 2010 (18.2% in 2009)
Trends in global sourcing remained positive and showed
a growth rate of 10.4% in 2010 over 2009 and the global
sourcing market size was in the range of US$ 102 to 106
billion in 2010. IT sourcing grew at 10.3% to a market
size of US$ 62 to 64 billion and BPO sourcing grew at
10.6% to a market size of US$ 40 to 42 billion.
There is enough potential for growth. Estimate of the
addressable global sourcing market is in the range
of US$ 500 billion (US$ 280 billion for IT services and
US$ 220 billion for BPO services). (Source: NASSCOM
Strategic Review 2008 - 2011)
One of the major beneficiary countries of the global
sourcing trend continues to be India whose expertise
and capability in the area of Information Technology (IT)
and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) has
made it a leading destination for global corporations
looking for technology partners.
1.2 Growth forecasts for IT Services Industry
1
IT services spend is expected to increase from US$ 566
billion in 2009 to US$ 684 billion by 2014 at a CAGR
2
of
3.9%.
º I1 ouIsourcihg compohehI is expecIed Io grow !rom
US$ 225 billion in 2009 to US$ 239 billion in 2014 at a
CAGR of 1.1%.
º I1 services o!!shored are expecIed Io grow !rom
US$ 31.1 billion in 2009 to US$ 42.8 billion in 2014 at
a CAGR of 6.6%.
BPO spend is expected to increase from US$ 152.1 billion
in 2009 to US$ 201.5 billion in 2014 at a CAGR of 5.8%.
IT spend forecasts by global technology analyst firms like
Gartner, Forrester, IDC and others indicate a growing
market for IT and ITES for industry verticals, service
offerings and geographies of interest to the Company
and excellent prospects for growth in the future.
2. FOCUS AREAS OF THE COMPANY
2.1 Mission and Values
TCS has built a global reputation for its ability to
help customers achieve their business objectives – by
providing innovative, best-in-class consulting, IT and
IT-enabled solutions and services. TCS’ core set of values
underpin all activities in the Company and these include
leadership with trust, integrity, excellence, respect for
the individual and learning/sharing.
The Company plans to further strengthen and
consolidate its position in the global IT industry as an
integrated full services player with a global footprint in
terms of innovation, operations and service delivery.
2.2 Strategy of the Company
TCS’ strategy is focused on using its full services
capabilities and its Global Network Delivery Model
TM

to create business value for its customers and help
them optimise their operations and execute new
growth initiatives. The Company’s ability to deliver an
unparalleled quality of experience allows customers to
experience a high level of certainty in their IT operations.
2.2.1 Customer-centricity
The Company’s strategy is to be a trusted business
partner to large global corporations. TCS has built a
customer-centric organisation structure which puts
customers at the center of its operating units and teams.
The Company’s promise of certainty resonates with
customers as it offers them real business results through
optimal IT design and deployment. TCS’ ability to solve
the customer’s most challenging business problems is
the core business need around which our offerings and
services evolve.
2.2.2 Global Network Delivery Model
TM
TCS has established a unique Global Network Delivery
Model
TM
(GNDM
TM
) that allows the Company to deliver
services to customers from multiple global locations in
India, China, Europe, North America and Latin America.
The GNDM™ enables the Company’s delivery centers
to collaborate on projects and leverage all its assets in
order to ensure ‘One Global Service Standard’.
1
(Source: NASSCOM Strategic Review 2011).
2
Compounded Annual Growth Rate
20
Annual Report 2010-11
2.2.3 Integrated Full Services Offerings
TCS continues to build on its ‘Full Services Play’ that
offers its global customers an integrated portfolio
of services. This includes a comprehensive range of
(1) IT services capabilities in the areas of Application
Development, Application Management and Enterprise
Solutions (2) Business Process Outsourcing services
(3) Infrastructure management services with a strong
focus on ‘Remote Infrastructure Management’ and
transformation (4) Engineering services with a focus
on Enterprise Asset Management, Industrial Embedded
Systems, Plant Automation Services and Product
Engineering (5) Assurance and Validation services (6)
TCS’ own product based solutions, primarily in financial
services area with its TCS BĮNCS suite of offerings and
(7) Global Consulting capability that brings strong skills
in program management, change management, process
management and architecture.
This suite of integrated full services portfolio presents
a compelling value proposition for global corporations
and continues to increase traction in the market place,
as customers look for opportunities and partners who
can bring transformation solutions which include
innovation, optimisation and time to market competitive
advantage for their businesses. This integrated full-
services offering strategy captures the entire value
chain of IT - from consulting and design to products and
solutions and from implementation to support.
2.2.4 Strategic Acquisitions
In addition to sustaining strong organic growth, the
Company continues to closely look at acquisitions that
are strategic in nature. Through inorganic means the
Company may look to strengthen gaps in its services
portfolio, enter new geographies or market segments
as well as in-source domain and technology expertise.
The strategic acquisitions done over the years have
created new capabilities within the Company and these
acquisitions continue to yield synergistic growth.
2.2.5 Non-Linear Growth Strategies
The Company is focused on a set of strategic growth
business initiatives to drive non-linear growth
opportunities, in addition to its continuing focus on
improved productivity and process enablers for its
current business lines. TCS continues to invest in non-
linear growth initiatives that will allow it to drive
revenue growth without commensurate growth in
the number of people. TCS pursues three initiatives -
Software Products, Platform based BPO services, and
iON – an IT-as-a-service solution for Small and Medium
Business. Cloud based software services, ‘Managed
Services’ and ‘Accelerated Solutions’ bring non linearity
to the mainstream IT and ITES businesses of the
Company.
2.2.5.1 TCS Financial Solutions
TCS Financial Solutions is a strategic business unit
that enhances the competitive capability of global
financial institutions in the banking, capital markets
and insurance industries using its portfolio of software
products. This is marketed under the TCS BĮNCS brand
globally. TCS BĮNCS solutions are servicing business
operations in about 80 countries.
TCS Financial Solutions increased its customer base by
adding 36 new clients during fiscal 2011 to its active
client base of 271 clients. In addition, 20 clients went
“live” on BĮNCS solutions during the year.
The product vision for TCS BĮNCS is driven by ‘Any place
is a banking place’ paradigm. ‘TCS BĮNCS Securities
Trading’ went operational in India with its mobile
trading application with a leading financial services
provider in November 2010. TCS BĮNCS consists of 27
modules and covers multiple lines of businesses like Core
Banking, Insurance, Payments, Securities and Treasury.
TCS BĮNCS is increasingly gaining market recognition
and industry analyst endorsements as listed below:
º 1he 2010 'CarIher Magic QuadrahI' raIes 1CS as a
leader in International Retail Core Banking
º 1he 2010 'ForresIer Waves & PlaI!orm Deals' raIes 1CS
as a leader for Global Banking Platforms. TCS BĮNCS
scored highest in banking platform functionality,
deployment and operations, product and corporate
strategy.
2.2.5.2 Platform-based BPO
Platform based Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) or
Process Clouds represent a new business model. TCS
manages and executes customers’ business processes
using its own technology platform. This involves
combining Information Technology, Infrastructure
and BPO services into a bundled service offering that
enables end-to-end execution of a business process.
The strategic driver behind this offering is to address a
customer’s increasing need for more efficiency, superior
business performance and single point of accountability
in the execution of many of their business processes.
The Platform based Business Process Outsourcing
strategic unit of TCS (TCS P-BPO) offered four different
soluIiohs: AhalyIics, Fihahce ahd AccouhIs (F&A), Humah
Resource OuIsourcihg (HRO) ahd ProcuremehI. 1CS'
platform BPO offerings continued to gain acceptance
with customers, with key deals being won in India and
North America.
During fiscal 2011 TCS’ P-BPO unit expanded its suite of
offerings across the four platforms.
21
2.2.5.3 iON
iON is the 3rd Generation Service Delivery Model using
Cloud Computing for Small and Medium Business (SMB)
In fiscal 2011, TCS launched iON – the world’s first fully
integrated information technology solution for SMBs.
iON is pre-configured with hardware, network and
software bundled together and backed by business,
technical and consulting services. iON has been
developed to deliver IT in the 3rd generation service
model to SMBs – deliver Technology-on-Tap. Using the
very latest in scalable cloud computing technology,
iON removes the need for SMBs to invest in IT assets
or retain scarce IT talent. Using pay-per-use business
model, iON helps SMBs leverage world-class technology
at an affordable cost. Today, more than 150 SMBs across
India are leveraging the iON solution and have reduced
their total cost of technology ownership significantly.
To provide SMB customers with seamless service, iON
has created an eco-system of 90+ Cloud Service Partners
across India.
3. Organisational Structure
A key concern that sustained growth engenders, is
the potential loss of agility in an organisation that
has outgrown its structure. Another concern is around
whether and how the organisation will be able to focus
on the right sectors for future growth.
Both these concerns were addressed by the customer-
centric organisation structure that the Company rolled
out in 2008. This structure was designed to not only
enhance customer focus and accountability, but also
to provide agility by reorganising TCS into multiple,
smaller operational units consisting of 3,000-14,000
employees, each pursuing the best possible growth in
their individual domain.
Each of the market-facing business units owns its own
resources and pursues growth in its respective domain
at the best possible pace that the domain can support,
with all the agility and focus of a smaller company.
Further, each business unit manages its own costs and is
accountable for its margins. This has turned out to be an
important enabling mechanism for better control of the
various margin levers. The effectiveness of this structure
was evident over the last two years, when the Company
had to exercise various operational levers rapidly and
streamline costs to expand operating margin.
4. Industry Verticals
In the section below, the Company’s positioning in the
various industry verticals are discussed.
4.1 Banking, Financial Services and Insurance
(BFSI)
Financial markets witnessed improved growth through
the year, as equity prices rose and credit spreads
tightened in major advanced economies. Authorities in
major emerging market economies continued to take
gradual steps to tighten monetary policy as inflationary
pressures there intensified.
These evolving dynamics required financial institutions
to establish and continually enhance systems that
effectively responded to increasing governance, risk
and compliance requirements. All of this needed
to be accomplished while achieving superior levels
of customer experience and successfully managing
revenues and costs. The Company continues to work
with leading global clients in this industry, executing
complex programmes in these areas.
TCS has partnered globally with more than half of the
world’s top twenty banking institutions and one fourth
of the world’s top hundred insurers.
4.2 Telecom
The Company’s differentiated domain offerings and
continued customer focus in the telecom industry have
enabled it to grow with most of its existing strategic
clients. The Company also added a few new marquee
customers with potential for future growth.
The Company’s core strategy in the Telecom industry
continues to be IT services-centered full services play
for telecom service providers and equipment vendors.
The Company continues to invest in research to play
the innovator’s role and be a catalyst for change in the
emerging Telecom landscape. TCS has been responsible
for the deployment of mobile number portability
solutions and IT infrastructure for launch of 3G services
in India.
The continuing recovery of the global economy, despite
its uneven nature, will stimulate investments by telecom
service-providers in networks and launch of new services.
The Company remains focused on expanding its global
footprint and expects to see increased investment in
policy management, analytics, and strengthening of the
trend towards outsourcing and managed services.
4.3 Manufacturing
The Company is positioned as a partner of choice for
22
Annual Report 2010-11
its clients in Automotive, Industrial Manufacturing and
Components (IMC), Process and Chemical and Aerospace
sectors.
TCS enjoys a strong position in the manufacturing
industry, by virtue of its unique proposition of
end-to-end business-focused IT and IT-enabled solutions
and services. These offerings cover the entire value
chain, from new product introduction to customer
experience management and boardroom to shopfloor
connect. All the major customers in manufacturing have
grown moderately in the last one year.
4.4 Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods
The Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods industry has
been one of the fastest growing verticals in TCS. The
Company offers a complete portfolio of services in this
industry – Consulting, IT Infrastructure services, BPO,
Assurance and Enterprise solutions. This full services play
has found resonance amongst the clientele, making the
Company the preferred service provider for six of the
top ten global retailers.
4.5 Other Industries
The Company also services several other industries
such as Li!e Sciehces ahd HealIhcare, Hi-1ech, Lhergy,
Resources and Utilities, Media and Entertainment and
1ravel, 1rahsporIaIioh ahd HospiIaliIy.
The Company’s growing domain expertise in these
industries is reflected in the higher than average growth
that these verticals registered.
5. TCS’ Global Footprint
The Company continues to invest in developing and
optimising its global presence, in order to pursue
opportunities in global markets on an ongoing basis
and enable existing and potential customers to access
its services seamlessly. As on March 31, 2011, TCS had
145 offices in 42 countries as well as 106 delivery centers
in 20 countries.
5.1 Major Markets
TCS continues to focus on serving large global clients
in the major markets of North America and Europe
including UK.
The Company’s key focus in these mature markets is
to grow its wallet-share in key customer accounts by
increasing the scope of engagement. TCS is also focused
on winning new key accounts in these major markets by
using its integrated full services and GNDM
TM
offerings.
The Industry domain and consulting led focus has
enabled the Company to push for aggressive growth.
The Company has numerous multi-year relationships
established with global multinationals in these markets
and continues to provide them a multiple range of
services.
In North America, the Company has further strengthened
its local presence by focusing on growing its investments
in Cincinnati, Ohio, by recruiting local talent to support
North American operations.
In Europe, the Company has increased its focus on
the Western European markets like Germany, France,
Switzerland, Benelux and the Nordic region.
5.2 New Growth Markets
The Company has been investing in emerging markets
since 2002-03 and has achieved scale. New growth
markets include Latin America, Middle East and Africa,
Asia-Pacific and India.
TCS believes that these markets have the potential to be
significant revenues drivers over the long-term.
6. Service Offerings
The Company’s full services portfolio consists of
Application Development and Maintenance, Business
Intelligence, Enterprise Solutions, Assurance,
Engineering and Industrial Services, IT Infrastructure
services, Business Process Outsourcing, Consulting and
Asset leveraged solutions.
6.1 Application Development and Maintenance
(ADM)
The Company’s ADM service offering covers the entire
range of services around the software development
lifecycle, including re-engineering and migration. Key
highlights related to the Company’s positioning in this
space includes:
º Leadership posiIioh ih 'CarIher Magic QuadrahI' !or
North American and European Offshore Application
Services
º Leadership posiIioh ih '2010 ForresIer Wave' !or
Europe Middle East Africa (EMEA) Application
Outsourcing
º Leadership posiIioh ih '2010 ForresIer Wave' !or
North American Applications Outsourcing.
6.2 Business Intelligence (BI)
Subsequent to the financial crisis, during the recovery
phase, business intelligence and analytics are becoming
very important areas and the Company is focused on
this segment.
6.3 Assurance Services
Growing adoption of independent and unbiased
software testing and various transformational initiatives
undertaken by clients spurred strong demand for the
Company’s Assurance Services.
TCS’ in-depth knowledge of industry verticals, combined
with its emphasis on process and technology has created
a strong value proposition for it’s customers. Also, astute
investments in quality assurance and software testing
23
space, including solution accelerators and frameworks
created by the Company’s in-house Research and
DevelopmehI (R&D) Ieam, are payihg hahdsome
dividends.
6.4 Enterprise Solutions
The Company serves customers in the areas of Enterprise
Resource Planning (ERP), Customer Relationship
Management (CRM), Supply Chain and Content
Management services with end-to-end offerings and
solutions that address their global market needs,
from strategy to transformation, blue-printing to
implementation, as well as rollouts, upgrades and
managed services.
In fiscal 2011, Enterprise Solutions returned to robust
growth, witnessing all round demand and it won deals
across verticals, markets, platforms and offerings. Key
accolades received by the Company in this area were:
º Leadership posiIioh ih '2010 CarIher Magic QuadrahI'
for Oracle ERP implementation service providers,
North America
º Leadership posiIioh ih '2010 CarIher Magic QuadrahI'
for SAP ERP implementation service providers, North
America.
6.5 IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS)
IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS) is a growth engine for
TCS. The Company offers end-to-end IT Infrastructure
services by providing transparent solutions and superior
service delivery, aligned to business metrics. These
solutions are delivered by leveraging an analytics-led
approach, remote management, Centers of Excellence
(CoE), automation, innovation frameworks and
continuous improvement processes.
During fiscal 2011, the unit bagged large
end-to-end strategic managed services deals,
implemented transformation deals involving
consolidation, virtualisation and optimisation services,
including provisioning of ‘on demand environment’
for customers and leveraged new delivery models like
Cloud Services and Integrated Command Center (ICC).
The Company has been positioned as a leader in IT
infrastructure services in the ‘Forrester Wave Report’,
with the highest overall customer reference scores
amongst all the vendors in the analysis.
6.6 Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
TCS’ BPO offers value-added transaction processing
services to its customers across multiple industry verticals.
It also offers knowledge-based services focused on areas
of research and analytics, such as biostatistics, customer
insights, risk analytics and predictive analytics.
The Company has performed well in this service area
due to its differentiated position in the market backed
by superior domain expertise and innovative pricing
models such as transaction and outcome based pricing.
TCS is the first BPO in the world to be assessed enterprise
wide at Level 5 in Capability Maturity Model Integration
(CMMI) for services, assuring delivery excellence to its
clients.
In line with the GNDM
TM
strategy, during the current
year, the Company opened additional BPO sites in
Manila, Philippines and Midland, Michigan, USA. It also
continued to invest in scaling up its BPO operations
across the globe.
6.7 Engineering and Industrial Services (EIS)
EIS offers full services across the engineering, product
developmehI ahd R&D value sIream o! compahies ih
multiple industry verticals. The EIS portfolio provides a
wide range of solutions catering to individual customer
needs focusing on New Product Development Solutions,
Product Lifecycle Management Solutions, Plant Solutions
and Services and Geospatial Solutions.
6.8 Global Consulting Practice (GCP)
GCP is a key ingredient in TCS’ full services strategy
to deliver greater value to clients. The Company’s
consulting-led, integrated portfolio of services helps
organisations increase alignment between business
operations and IT. GCP positions the Company for
winning larger downstream deals by working with clients
worldwide in the early part of their transformation
lifecycle.
GCP operates as a single global unit focusing on the
Company’s existing customers as well as supporting
new customer acquisitions. Today, GCP has breadth and
depth in IT consulting, growing capability in business
consulting and increased ability to go to market with
multi-competency solutions. This has helped the
Company gain strong traction for its consulting services
in fiscal 2011.
6.9 Asset Leveraged Solutions
The Company’s offerings in this area are primarily
focused on the Banking, Financial Services and Insurance
industry. TCS has since been replicating the model in
other industry verticals. Examples include:
º Legal MahagemehI SoluIioh ih Ihe Hi-1ech verIical,
º CusIomer loyalIy (Rewardz) ahd PoihI o! Sale (POS)
solutions in the Retail vertical.
The Asset Based Solutions business has registered a
progressive growth and the Company sees greater
opportunities to productise these assets, working
collaboratively with its clients.
6.10 Eco-Sustainability Services
It is estimated that the use of IT has the potential
to reduce carbon emissions by 15% by 2020.
This could translate into an economic benefit of
Euro 600 billion for those businesses choosing
24
Annual Report 2010-11
to transition to an environmentally friendly and
ecologically sustainable lower carbon footprint. To
capture this sizable market opportunity, the Company
set up a separate Eco-Sustainability Service with the
following offerings:
º LhIerprise level - Creeh I1, Lco-!ooIprihIihg,
Sustainability performance management, Eco-
awareness and education, Compliance management
º 8usihess Process level - SusIaihable supply chaih,
Green logistics, Green product engineering
º CohsumpIioh level - Demahd side Lhergy
management, Life cycle assessments for environment.
7. Technology and Innovation
1CS' R&D remaihed !ocused oh Iwih ob|ecIives: meeIihg
current customer needs and innovating to meet their
future business needs. The Company’s customer-focused
R&D ihiIiaIives cohhecIed wiIh key cusIomers across
domains, along the themes of increasing productivity,
agility, simplification, compliance and understanding of
consumer behavior.
The Company’s innovation offerings for infrastructure
simplification, social collaboration, connected
marketing and data privacy have been active
differentiators with new deals and given the Company
an edge over global competitors. TCS Tools have seen
greater implementation in all phases of the software
lifecycle, ensuring efficient delivery and cost savings
!or Ihe cusIomer. R&D ihiIiaIives ih cloud compuIihg
and sustainability solutions have helped clients reduce
capital expenditure and carbon footprint.
8. Intellectual Property (IP)
The Company has a long tradition of nurturing
creativity and innovation. To promote a strong culture
of recognising inventions the Company formed a
dedicated Corporate IPR Cell in fiscal 2011, steered by
the IP Management Board. The Company’s IP strategy
seeks to build an effective portfolio of Intellectual
Property Assets for future monetisation, collaboration
and risk mitigation.
The total number of patents granted till March 31 2011
were 68. TCS had over 448 patents filed in multiple
jurisdictions till March 31, 2011.
9. Human Resources Strategy
The Company continued to invest in developing its
human capital, building strong relationships with
academia and establishing its brand in the market to
attract and retain the best talent.
The strategic initiatives include developing
competencies, identifying and nurturing a strong
pipeline of leaders, continually engaging talent and
helping employees in their career aspirations. This has
helped the Company build a culture where people are
respected, performance is rewarded and where every
employee can realise his or her potential.
TCS consolidated headcount fiscal 2011 summary
India Overseas Total
Opening headcount
(As of April 1, 2010) 1,49,410 11,019 1,60,429
Gross additions 62,092 7,593 69,685
Attrition 26,899 4,601 31,500
Net additions 35,193 2,992 38,185
Closing headcount
(As of March 31,
2011) 1,84,603 14,011 1,98,614
Durihg !scal 2011, Ihe Compahy's HR sIraIegy helped
it fulfill the demand to generate value and provide the
experience of certainty to all stakeholders. TCS grew
to 1,98,614 employees (including 23,241 employees
working for subsidiaries) as on March 31, 2011,
compared to 1,60,429 as on March 31, 2010.
9.1 Talent Acquisition
A robust talent acquisition ecosystem and an evolved
people transition model helped the Company source,
transition and effectively integrate new recruits. Close
collaboration between the ‘Talent Acquisition’ team,
‘Learning and Development’ teams and the business
units has ensured that the sourcing-to-deployment
process supported business in fulfilling demand.
The Company set yet another benchmark with a gross
addition (including subsidiaries) of 69,685 employees
and a net addition of 38,185 employees in fiscal 2011
– the largest in the industry. This included over 1,626
people insourced from customer organisations globally.
The Company continues to invest in talent development
through a well established Academic Interface
Programme, providing internships, conducting faculty
development programmes, conducting student
workshops to orient students to the IT industry and
sponsoring technical and research programmes in
various institutes. TCS also launched a programme in
fiscal 2011 to support bright students to pursue doctoral
programmes thus contributing to national talent
development.
Employee Base
25
The Company’s Industry - Academia collaboration
network with over 500 of the foremost universities in
India and overseas helps it source the best engineering
talent in the country. TCS got day one slots at over
99.4% of the campuses visited in fiscal 2011, up from
98.4% in the previous year.
For fiscal 2012, the Company has made 37,396 campus
offers, up from 20,050 made for fiscal 2011. These
recruits will be inducted in a staggered manner.
9.2 Learning and Development
The Company continued its focus on talent development
to build skills and competencies in four dimensions
namely Technology, Domain, Process and Soft Skills
including foreign language capability.
Regular classroom-based training, technology-
enabled learning, external certifications, on
the job training and sponsorship for higher
education constituted the other key channels for
competency development. Increased focus on
technology-enabled learning initiatives has enhanced
the Company’s ability to provide these opportunities to
its global workforce deployed across 42 countries.
Initial Learning Program (ILP) content was revised and
training infrastructure was scaled to address business
needs. During fiscal 2011, 28,170 trainees completed
ILP programme and a total of 15,84,480 learning days
effort were spent on ILP.
Continuous Learning Programmes (CLP) addressed the
business need of building competencies in advance
and helped fulfilling demand and improved workforce
productivity. TCS invested 6,67,683 learning days to
build competencies in niche technology and 24,656
certifications were completed by its employees during
fiscal 2011. The Company’s web-based learning
platform was enhanced with richer content, additional
programmes and greater domain coverage.
9.3 Talent Management and Leadership
Development
Highly ehgaged employees are criIical !or susIaihihg Ihe
Company’s growth. A continuous focus on improving
HR pracIices arouhd IalehI ehgagemehI, IalehI
deployment, performance and career management,
reward and recognition for high performance and
competitive compensation and benefits, helped the
Company to attract and retain the best talent.
Communication and engagement with employees,
rotating talent across projects, countries and roles,
providing opportunities for upgrading competencies
and helping employees progress to higher level roles,
provides the necessary platform for employees to realise
their potential.
Leadership Development Programmes (LDP) address the
need for developing the necessary leadership talent pool
for the current growth as well as future requirements.
Candidates are identified and nominated for LDPs and
provided experiential learning to hone their skills and
take up leadership positions.
Programmes were offered in-house at the TCS
Leadership Institute at Trivandrum and the Tata
Management Training Centre at Pune. Senior leaders
were sponsored for programmes at reputed institutes
in India and abroad.
A number of employee engagement initiatives including
fun events, wellness programmes and talent shows were
organised. Employees were encouraged to volunteer
for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes.
These initiatives helped improve employee bonding,
develop their personalities and manage stress at work.
The Company’s culture of listening to employees, taking
their feedback and addressing their concerns swiftly has
helped improve employee satisfaction.
These practices have helped the Company win
recognition and a number of awards globally. TCS
remains the industry benchmark for talent retention.
The Company’s attrition rate including BPO went up
to 14.4% in fiscal 2011 as compared to 11.8% in the
previous year, due to higher demand in the industry.
However, Ihis represehIs Ihe lowesI aIIriIioh !gure ih
the industry.
9.4 Talent Diversity
The Company has improved its workforce
diversity through an equal-opportunity global
recruitment program and as an outcome of
strategic initiatives like Mergers and Acquisitions
(M&A) ahd ihsourcihg. Avehues have also beeh
provided to integrate differently-abled people with the
mainstream workforce. The annual ‘Talent Acquisition’
plan includes an optimal mix of fresh and experienced
recruits with diverse educational and cultural
backgrounds.
As of March 31, 2011, women constituted 30.30% of the
Company’s workforce. The Company employed persons
from 99 different nationalities.
AƩriƟon Rate
26
Annual Report 2010-11
9.5 Giving back to society
The Company encouraged employees to volunteer in
a range of CSR activities classified under three focus
areas: Education/Skill Development, Environmental
SusIaihabiliIy ahd HealIh Awarehess. Lmployees
participated in issues of larger global impact through
evehIs like LarIh Hour 2011, World WaIer Day ahd LarIh
Day.
The Company’s advanced computer training center
trained visually impaired youth, thereby opening new
avenues for employment and further studies. Adult
literacy camps were organised in collaboration with
the National Literacy Mission using its computer-based
functional literacy package.
The Company runs a programme to improve
employability of underprivileged graduates and those
hailing from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes,
under which over 2,000 candidates were trained. As of
March 31, 2011, over 1,000 were under training.
Provisional employment offers were made to 428
candidates.
9.6 Compliance
1he Compliahce Cell wiIhih HR cohIihues Io Irack
development in immigration, employment and labour
laws globally and recommends changes in policies
and procedures to mitigate future risks arising out of
changes in the legal environment.
10 OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS
10.1 Opportunities
TCS is the industry leader in India and amongst the
Top 10 IT services companies in the world in terms of
revenues, profits, market capitalisation and number of
employees. Continuing investments in technology by
its clientele, a growing preference for global sourcing
and the emergence of newer technologies and business
models offer many opportunities for TCS.
The Company’s integrated full services capability,
global delivery footprint and scale have expanded its
addressable market, strengthened its reputation and
ensured its inclusion in the top tier list of vendors invited
for the largest and most complex bids. These offer a
sizable growth opportunity for the Company.
10.2 Risks and Risk Mitigation
The Company has put in place an Enterprise-wide
Risk Management (ERM) programme based on the
Committee of Sponsoring Organisations of the Treadway
Commission (COSO) framework. Reports are placed
before the Board of Directors at regular intervals.
The risk management process is continuously improved
and adapted to the changing global risk scenario. The
agility of the risk management process is monitored
and reviewed for appropriateness with the changing
risk landscape. The process of continuous evaluation of
risks, includes taking stock of the risk landscape on an
event-driven as well as quarterly basis.
The risk categories covered under the ERM programme
includes strategic, operational and financial as well
as compliance-related risks across various levels of
the organisation. This includes risk assessment and
mitigation at the company level, business / functional
unit level, relationship level and project level.
Some of the key strategic risks the Company faces,
their impact and corresponding risk mitigation actions
undertaken by the Company are discussed in the table:
Gender Diversity - Women employees
Non Indian NaƟonals
TCS Global Workforce from 99 NaƟonaliƟes
27
Key risks Impact on TCS Approach to Mitigation
Uncertainties in
global economy
Slow or uncertain recovery in the major markets
or economic shocks resulting from instability in
the Middle East or sovereign defaults in Southern
Europe could lead to cuts in IT budgets and result
in demand compression, pricing pressure and / or
increased credit risk from vulnerable clients.
º Diversification across geographies
with focus on emerging markets
º Diversification of product and
services offerings
º Building greater client intimacy by
optimising operating metrics to
lower their costs
º Broad-basing the number of key
clients by gradually moving clients up
the revenues bands, so concentration
risks are reduced.
Protectionism in
major markets
Restrictive legislations that impede the free flow
of talent in key markets could disrupt operations
and hamper growth in those markets.
º Leveraging the GNDM™ where
possible
º Advance planning of visas
º More local recruitment
º Working through industry bodies to
articulate the Company’s point of
view to legislators and the public.
Commodi ti sati on
of offerings / value
proposition
Greater competition could result in pricing
pressures and hurt the Company’s profitability.
º Broadening the Company’s service
offerings to become an integrated
full services partner to its clients
º Greater focus on larger, more
complex deals that play to the
Company’s strengths in programme
management and domain expertise
º Building greater brand awareness
with the Company’s Experience
certainty 2.0 theme
º Investments in building intellectual
property, in newer business
models and in tools that improve
productivity.
Service model
redundancy
Newer models which change the manner of
consumption of IT could result in demand
compression / pricing pressure on the existing
model.
º Continually scanning the
environment and polling clients to
detect emerging trends early enough
º Investing in building intellectual
property
º Investing in emerging business
models that leverage cloud
computing to deliver software on a
pay-per-use basis.
Reputational risks TCS has a track-record and reputation for quality
and delivery certainty and for integrity and
ethical dealing as a corporation. Damage to that
reputation could lead to loss of market share.
º Continued focus on quality rigour
and process compliance through
the Company’s integrated quality
management systems
º Strong Corporate Governance
framework, adequate controls
throughout the organisation and
strict adherence to the Tata Code of
Conduct.
28
Annual Report 2010-11
Key risks Impact on TCS Approach to Mitigation
Innovation-related
risks
Innovational initiatives are often linked to
strategic growth objectives, so failures could not
only lead to write-offs of the investments made
and potential reputational damage and / or service
/ product liabilities but also imperil those strategic
objectives.
º Structured periodic reviews of all such
programmes by senior management
º Oversight by the Chief Technology
Office (CTO) organisation for tracking
all technology-led innovation
initiatives
º Separate risk evaluation at a business
unit level for the Company’s Strategic
Growth Initiatives.
Integration risks in
M&A
Loss of value paid for the asset, distraction
to management focus, disruption to existing
operations.
º Well-laid out integration plans and
close monitoring and review of
these transactions to ensure that the
goals and milestones related to the
transactions are achieved.
Regulatory
non-compliance
TCS has a global footprint and failure to comply
with any of the relevant regulations in any location
could result in financial penalties and reputational
damage.
º Establishment of a separate office
of Chief Compliance Officer and
an institutionalised structure to
ensure 100% regulatory and legal
compliance across the globe
º The use of local managers as well
as consultants, auditors, lawyers,
specialists and experts facilitates
compliance
º A security policy that complies with
international information security
and data privacy laws, backed by
rigourous processes and a robust
infrastructure assures physical and
virtual security
º Collection and processing of personal
data takes place under highly
controlled conditions, minimising
risk of breaches of private employee
information.
Supply-side risks TCS’s is a people-centric business and any
impairment in its ability to attract and retain talent
can impact demand fulfillment and by extension,
revenue growth.
º Broadening the Comapny’s
catchment area and recruiting
science graduates to expand the
available pool of fresh recruits
º The Company’s Academic Interface
Programme continues to improve
the quality of graduates while
strengthening its brand image on
campuses and getting it the coveted
day one placement slot during
recruitment season
º Highly maIure HR processes,
competitive remuneration, growth
opportunities and an empowering,
engaging workplace continue to
help attract and retain talent.
º Scaling up the Company’s global
footprint through Global Delivery
Centers.
29
Key risks Impact on TCS Approach to Mitigation
Financial risks Wage inflation and other cost escalations could
reduce the Company’s margins. An appreciating
rupee can shrink revenues and squeeze earnings.
º Decentralised controls backed by an
institutionalised framework to keep
expenses under control
º Focus on improving productivity and
leveraging the employee pyramid
º Use of currency forward contracts
and options to hedge receivables and
revenues as per the Risk Management
Board’s assessment
º QuarIerly review o! hedgihg
strategies by the Risk Management
Board.
30
Annual Report 2010-11
VALUE ADDITION SINCE FISCAL 2005
Earnings per share
Earnings per share (EPS), adjusted for two 1:1 bonus
issues, went up from ` 11.84 in FY 2005 to ` 46.27, in
FY 2011 – almost a four-fold increase.
Market Capitalisation
Market capitalisation saw a phenomenal increase from
` 47,254 crores in August 2005, to ` 2,31,713 crores in
March 2011, a rise of almost five times.
Economic Value Addition (EVA)
EVA in FY 2011 has increased more than four times from
FY 2005. The chart below shows the cumulative EVA in
the last seven years, indicating a steady and consistent
increase in the value created.
SHARING OF CASH GENERATED SINCE FISCAL 2005
As much as 48% of the cash generated from FY 2005
to FY 2011 has been distributed to the shareholders as
dividend.
`

C
r
o
r
e
s
Net Worth
EPS in ` aŌer adjusƟng bonus
Market CapitalisaƟon
`

K

C
r
o
r
e
s
`

C
r
o
r
e
s
CummulaƟve EVA
` Crores
PERFORMANCE TREND
Over the years, TCS has built itself into an organisation that not only partners with its customers, but also provides
value addition, through a repertoire of innovative solutions and superior quality of services. It has thus emerged from
being a trusted expert, to a trusted business advisor to all its clients. Today, TCS has risen to eminence, as a leading
Company in the IT / ITES space in the globe.
In its journey of business success and excellence, TCS has created significant wealth for all its stakeholders.
`

C
r
o
r
e
s
The Company’s dividend payment record is one of the
best in the industry.
Increase in net worth
The net worth of the Company has increased seven
times in the last seven years.
31
Total Revenue
`

C
r
o
r
e
s
OperaƟng Profit (EBIDTA)-Before Other Income
`

C
r
o
r
e
s
26.5%
26.4%
26.0%
22.2%
27.7%
29.6%
22.4% 22.5%
22.2%
18.9%
23.3%
24.3%
18.0%
20.0%
22.0%
24.0%
26.0%
28.0%
30.0%
32.0%
FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11
EBIT Margin PATMargin
Expenses as a % Revenue
OPERATIONAL EXCELLENCE
Revenue trend
Revenues grew to a record high of ` 37,325 crores
($ 8.2 billion) in 2010-11 – a rise of almost four times
from 2004-05, with a compounded annual growth rate
(CAGR) of 21.14%.
Management of costs
The company has been able to strengthen its cost
management processes. The operating costs, as
percentage of revenues have come down.
Earnings trends
Earnings before interest, depreciation, tax and
amortisation (EBIDTA) excluding other income have
grown by four times from ` 2,814 crores in FY 2005 to
` 11,178 crores in FY 2011.
GROWTH OF MANPOWER RESOURCE
HeadcouhI (ihcludihg subsidiaries) has expahded by
more than four times from 45,714 in FY 2005 to 1,98,614
in FY 2011.
Profits after taxes (PAT) have grown by more than four
times from ` 1,977 crores in FY 2005 to ` 9,068 crores in
FY 2011.
Profitability has been one of the focus areas of the
Company. In recent times profitability has improved
substantially.
Profit AŌer Taxes
`

C
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32
Annual Report 2010-11
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE - (CONSOLIDATED)
Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS Limited) is a
public company listed on “National Stock Exchange of
India Limited (NSE)” and “The Bombay Stock Exchange
Limited (BSE)” since August 25, 2004.
The financial statements of TCS Limited are prepared in
compliance with the Companies Act, 1956 and generally
accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP).
TCS Limited has a number of subsidiary companies
which are either wholly-owned or partly-owned.
TCS Limited discloses audited financial results on a
quarterly and annual basis. The financial results of TCS
Limited as per Indian GAAP are discussed hereunder in
two parts:
(i) Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Consolidated)
which includes performance of subsidiaries of
TCS Limited. Preparation and presentation of
such Consolidated Financial Statements depicts
comprehensively the performance of the TCS
group of companies and is more relevant for
understanding the overall performance of TCS.
(ii) Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Unconsolidated)
which excludes the performance of subsidiaries
of TCS Limited. [see Management Discussion and
Analysis (unconsolidated)].
The following discussion and analysis should be read
together with the Consolidated Indian GAAP Financial
Statements of Tata Consultancy Services Limited
(hereinafter referred to as TCS or the Company) for the
financial years ended March 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009.
Financial performance summary (consolidated)
The Global economy and the IT industry in particular
have been going through volatile times. The major
markets in which the Company operates had to navigate
through a phase of one of the worst economic crisis the
world has ever faced. The period of crisis was used by the
Company for revamping its internal business processes,
without losing focus on delivering value to customers
and growth with profitability for the company. Driven
by the passion for continuous improvement and diligent
implementation of its strategy, the Company has gone
from strength to strength and is well positioned for
future growth.
In fiscal 2011, the global economic environment
improved. The Company remained focused on overall
growth and management of costs. As compared to
fiscal 2010, there has been all round improvement in its
financial performance in fiscal 2011.
The trends in the financial performance of the Company
can be seen in the section ’Company’s Performance
Trend (Indian GAAP Consolidated)’.
In fiscal 2011, the consolidated revenues of the Company
aggregated ` 37,324.51 crores (` 30,028.92 crores in
fiscal 2010), registering a growth of 24.30%.
The consolidated profit before taxes (PBT) aggregated
` 11,020.62 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 8,289.63 crores in
fiscal 2010) – a growth of 32.94%. Pre-tax profit as a
percentage of revenues improved from 27.61% in fiscal
2010 to 29.53% in fiscal 2011.
The consolidated net profit for the fiscal 2011 after
taxes aggregated ` 9,068.04 crores (` 7,000.64 crores in
fiscal 2010) – a growth of 29.53%. Post-tax profit as a
percentage of revenues improved from 23.31% in fiscal
2010 to 24.30% in fiscal 2011.
In fiscal 2011, the Company’s consolidated earnings per
share were ` 46.27 (` 35.67 in fiscal 2010).
33
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE — (CONSOLIDATED)
The Management Discussion and Analysis below relates to the consolidated audited financial statements of
TCS Limited and includes the results of its subsidiaries. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the
consolidated financial statements and the related ‘notes to the consolidated accounts’ for the year ended
March 31, 2011.
For the year ended
March 31, 2011
For the year ended
March 31, 2010
FY 2011 vs.
FY 2010
Revenues from operations (` crores) % of
Revenues
(` crores) % of
Revenues
% growth
Information technology and consultancy services 36,046.13 96.57 29,085.21 96.86 23.93
Sale of equipment and software licenses 1,278.38 3.43 943.71 3.14 35.46
Total revenues 37,324.51 100.00 30,028.92 100.00 24.30
Expenditure
Employee costs 13,726.10 36.78 10,879.57 36.23 26.16
Overseas business expenses
(employee allowances paid overseas) 4,986.69 13.36 4,186.18 13.94 19.12
Total employee costs 18,712.79 50.14 15,065.75 50.17 24.21
Overseas business expenses
(other than employee allowances paid overseas) 542.52 1.45 383.89 1.28 41.32
Services rendered by business associates and
others 1,836.55 4.92 1,261.97 4.20 45.53
Operation and other expenses 5,054.29 13.54 4,622.76 15.39 9.33
Total expenditure 26,146.15 70.05 21,334.37 71.05 22.55
Other income, (net) 604.00 1.62 272.07 0.91 122.00
Profit before interest, depreciation and
taxes 11,782.36 31.57 8,966.62 29.86 31.40
Interest 26.48 0.07 16.10 0.05 64.47
Depreciation and amortisation 735.26 1.97 660.89 2.20 11.25
Profit before taxes 11,020.62 29.53 8,289.63 27.61 32.94
Provision for taxes
Income tax expense (Including deferred tax,
fringe benefit tax and MAT credit entitlement) 1,830.83 4.91 1,196.97 3.99 52.96
Net profit for the year before minority
interest and share of loss of associate 9,189.79 24.62 7,092.66 23.62 29.57
Minority interest (121.45) (0.33) (90.99) (0.31) 33.48
Share of loss of associate (0.30) - (1.03) - -
Net profit 9,068.04 24.30 7,000.64 23.31 29.53
34
Annual Report 2010-11
Revenues
Revenues from operations
The Company’s consolidated revenues increased in fiscal
2011 to ` 37,324.51 crores from ` 30,028.92 crores in
fiscal 2010, a growth of 24.30% (7.97% in fiscal 2010).
Revenues from information technology and consultancy
services increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 36,046.13 crores
from ` 29,085.21 crores in fiscal 2010, a growth of
23.93%. Revenues from information technology and
consultancy services constituted 96.57% of the total
revenues in fiscal 2011 (96.86%in fiscal 2010).
Consolidated revenues from sale of equipment
and software licenses increased by 35.46% to
` 1,278.38 crores in fiscal 2011 from ` 943.71 crores in
fiscal 2010.
Analysis of revenue growth
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2009
%
growth
%
growth
%
growth
Volume 29.65 17.37 19.33
Price (0.30) (3.32) (4.89)
Mix (onsite / offshore) (0.85) (8.12) (2.27)
Exchange rate (4.20) 2.04 10.80
Total growth 24.30 7.97 22.97
The growth in volume in fiscal 2011 was 29.65%,
significantly more than that of fiscal 2010 (17.37%)
and fiscal 2009 (19.33%). The growth in volume is
attributable to increased demand for services from
existing and new customers in fiscal 2011.
Unlike in earlier years, which witnessed pricing pressure
(4.89% in fiscal 2009 and 3.32% in fiscal 2010), fiscal
2011 was more or less steady on the pricing front.
Effort-wise, the relative position for India offshore
deployment in fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010 did not
change. The onsite deployment increased while Global
Delivery Center (GDC) deployment declined in fiscal
2011.The effect on revenue growth as a result of this
onsite/offshore/GDC mix change – was a negative
0.85%, primarily on account of shift of efforts – intra
onsite/ GDC locations.
TCS is a global company and earns its revenues in
multiple currencies. During fiscal 2011, the volatility in
exchange rates impacted growth. The trend in average
exchange rates of the Indian Rupee vis-a-vis some of the
major currencies in which TCS transacts its business is
shown in the following table:
Currency Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2009
Change
FY11 vs.
FY10 (%)
Change
FY10 vs.
FY09 (%)
USD 45.60 47.36 46.30 (3.71) 2.30
GBP 71.00 75.54 78.33 (6.01) (3.56)
EUR 60.40 67.09 65.52 (9.97) 2.40
AUD 43.25 40.48 35.82 6.85 12.99
CAD 44.77 43.63 41.21 2.62 5.88
In fiscal 2010, all significant currencies, except British
Pound Sterling (GBP), appreciated vis-à-vis Indian Rupee
and the revenue growth attributable to exchange rate
variation for all currencies was 2.04%.
In fiscal 2011, US Dollar (USD), Euro (EUR) and British
Pound Sterling (GBP) weakened vis-a-vis Indian Rupee.
Though the Australian Dollar (AUD) and Canadian
Dollar (CAD) continued to strengthen, the impact on
the Company’s revenue was low because of their low
weightage in the mix of the Company’s business. The
significant negative movement in the major currencies
during fiscal 2011 resulted in degrowth of 4.20%.
Revenues by industry segment
Revenues by industry segment - Fiscal 2011
Industry segments
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
% of
Revenues
% of
Revenues
Banking, Financial Services
and Insurance (BFSI) 44.28 44.92
Telecom 14.18 14.54
Retail and Consumer
Packaged Goods(CPG) 11.00 10.59
Manufacturing 7.37 8.10
Others 23.17 21.85
Total 100.00 100.00
35
The composition of major industry segments as a
percentage of revenues is shown in the table. During
fiscal 2011, revenues for all industry segments showed
growth. Some details about the growth of various
industry segments are discussed below:
º 8FSI was ohe o! Ihe mosI a!!ecIed ihdusIry segmehIs
during the global economic slowdown. In fiscal
2011, BFSI had a healthy growth (22.52% over fiscal
2010) due to sustained demand
º IhdusIry segmehIs which recorded high growIh ih
fiscal 2011 vis-à-vis fiscal 2010 were Retail and CPG
(29.03%), Li!e Sciehce ahd HealIhcare (26.80%),
Hi-1ech (43.70%), Lhergy, Resources ahd UIiliIies
(79.50%), Media and Entertainment (39.80%) and
1ravel, 1rahsporIaIioh ahd HospiIaliIy (33.30%)
º IhdusIry segmehIs which recorded growIh lower
than Company’s average revenues growth in fiscal
2011 vis-à-vis fiscal 2010 were Telecom (21.25%)
and Manufacturing (13.06%).
Revenues by geographic segments
Geographic segments
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
% of
Revenues
% of
Revenues
North America 53.87 52.80
UK 15.46 16.18
Europe 9.32 10.49
India 9.20 8.65
Asia Pacific 6.58 5.24
Iberoamerica 3.62 4.72
Middle East and Africa 1.95 1.92
Total 100.00 100.00
Despite the fact that in fiscal 2011 almost all the major
currencies depreciated vis-à-vis Indian Rupee, revenues
from major markets showed growth. Growth in North
America was 26.82%, the United Kingdom was 18.74%
and Europe was 10.49%. New growth markets which
witnessed significant growth were Asia Pacific (56.10%),
India (32.22%) and Middle East and Africa (26.16%).
Revenues by significant services
Service lines
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
% of
Revenues
% of
Revenues
Application Development and
Maintenance (ADM) 46.46 48.73
Business Process Outsourcing
(BPO) 11.27 11.53
Enterprise Solutions (ES) 10.14 10.47
IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS) 9.42 8.36
Assurance Services 6.78 5.04
Business Intelligence (BI) 5.31 5.69
Engineering and Industrial
Services (EIS) 4.80 4.98
Asset Leveraged Solution
(Products) 3.65 3.29
Consulting 2.17 1.91
Total 100.00 100.00
The composition of major service lines as a percentage
of revenues is shown in the table above. During fiscal
2011 revenues from all service lines showed growth.
Details about the growth of service lines are shown
below:
Service lines
Growth %
(Fiscal 2011 vs.
Fiscal 2010)
Assurance Services 67.20
Consulting 41.37
IT Infrastructure Services 39.93
Asset leveraged solutions 37.86
Business Process Outsourcing 21.58
Enterprise Solutions 20.35
Engineering and Industrial Services 19.80
Application Development and
Maintenance 18.51
Business Intelligence 15.91
Total 24.30
Geography Revenue - Fiscal 2011
Revenues by Significant Services - Fiscal 2011
36
Annual Report 2010-11
Revenues from fixed-price-fixed-time contracts
As part of its strategy, the Company has been moving
more towards fixed-price-fixed-time contracts. TCS has
aligned its capabilities and strategy to deliver such
fixed-price-fixed-time contracts and the trends over the
last three years are indicative of the success of the said
strategy.
Revenues by location of service delivery
The Company has been using its network of Global
Delivery Centers (GDCs) to service client requirements
as part of its GNDM
TM
strategy. Onsite revenues are for
those services which are performed at client locations.
Offsite revenues reflect the aggregation of revenues
from services which are performed at delivery centers
located in India (referred to as offshore revenues) as
well as GDCs in various countries. The composition of
the Company’s revenues from offshore, GDC and onsite
are as follows:
Onsite-Offsite Revenue Mix (% of Revenues)
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2009
Offshore India 50.96 50.97 44.22
Offsite GDC 5.02 5.72 4.59
Total offsite 55.98 56.69 48.81
Total onsite 44.02 43.31 51.19
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00
The revenues from onsite, offsite GDC and offshore
services are aligned with customer requirements. In
fiscal 2011 the India offshore revenues as a percentage
of TCS’ total revenues remained at 50.96% – almost
same as 50.97% in fiscal 2010. There have been small
intra onsite/ GDC movements as reflected in the chart.
Expenditure
Expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure
Employee costs and overseas business expenses
Employee costs include salaries which have fixed
and variable components, contribution to provident,
superannuation and gratuity funds and employee
pension schemes. It also includes expenses incurred on
staff welfare.
Overseas business expenses primarily comprise living
allowances paid to employees on overseas assignments.
For purpose of this Management Discussion and Analysis
(MD&A), Ihese cosIs ihcluded ih 'overseas busihess
expenses’ have been regrouped in ‘employee costs’ for
aggregating all costs related to employee compensation.
Ih Ihis MD&A, we re!er Io such aggregaIed cosIs as
‘Total employee costs’.
The table below summarises the employee costs:
For the year ended
March 31, 2011
For the year ended
March 31, 2010
FY 2011
vs. FY
2010
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
%
growth
Revenues from
operations

37,324.51 - 30,028.92 - 24.30
Expenditure
Employee costs 13,726.10 36.78 10,879.57 36.23 26.16
Overseas business
expenses
(employee
allowances paid
overseas) 4,986.69 13.36 4,186.18 13.94 19.12
Total employee
costs 18,712.79 50.14 15,065.75 50.17 24.21
Total employee costs have increased in fiscal 2011 over
fiscal 2010 by 24.21%.
Revenue mix onsite-offshore India GDC - Fiscal 2011
37
Total employee costs as a percentage of revenues has
decreased marginally by 0.03%, mainly attributable to:
º Ihcrease ih Ihdia employee cosIs 0.55% - primarily
on account of increase in India head count 0.40%
and increase in staff welfare costs 0.13%
º Decrease ih employee cosIs ih overseas locaIiohs
was 0.58%. During fiscal 2011, the customer centric
strategy adopted by the Company to service the
larger volume of business requirements of its
customers, required increase in the use of the services
of business associates. In terms of percentage of
revenues the decrease in employee costs in overseas
locations 0.58% is more than compensated by an
increase in costs for business associates employed
by the Company 0.72% of revenues.
Utilisation of manpower resources including trainees
was 76.20% during fiscal 2011 (74.00% during fiscal
2010). The utilisation excluding trainees was 83.10%
during fiscal 2011 (80.40% during fiscal 2010). The
significant improvement in utilisation also contributed
to margin improvement.
Overseas business expenses (other than employee
allowances paid overseas)
These expenses include travel, marketing and office
expenses incurred overseas.
Overseas business expenses (other than employee
allowances paid overseas) increased from
` 383.89 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 542.52 crores in fiscal
2011. As a percentage of revenues these expenses
increased from 1.28% in fiscal 2010 to 1.45% in
fiscal 2011. Overseas travel which constituted the largest
component, increased from ` 225.32 crores in fiscal 2010
(0.75% of revenues) to ` 319.20 crores in fiscal 2011
(0.86% of revenues). This increase of 0.11% was mainly
attributable to increased business travel in line with
business growth.
Services rendered by business associates and
others
Payments for services rendered by business associates
or sub-contractors engaged for software development
and other IT services are included under this head. The
Company normally engages these consultants to bridge
shortages in certain skill-sets.
Expenditure on business associates increased from
` 1,261.97 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 1,836.55 crores in
fiscal 2011. As a percentage of revenues, the increase
was from 4.20% in fiscal 2010 to 4.92% in fiscal 2011.
The total increase of 0.72% was attributable mainly
to higher requirement of business associates at some
overseas locations.
The analysis of services rendered by business associates
is shown below:
For the year ended
March 31, 2011
For the year ended
March 31, 2010
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
Fees to foreign
business
associates 982.45 2.63 559.00 1.86
Fees to Indian
business
associates 245.78 0.66 164.44 0.55
Others 608.32 1.63 538.53 1.79
Total 1,836.55 4.92 1,261.97 4.20
The management conducts periodic reviews of the need
for such associates vis-a-vis availability of the required
skill sets within the Company and manages these costs
appropriately.
Operation and other expenses
Operation and other expenses include all other expenses
affecting the profit and loss statement, incurred to
conduct the Company’s operations.
Nature of expenses
For the year ended
March 31, 2011
For the year ended
March 31, 2010
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
Software and hardware 1,625.09 4.35 1,452.03 4.83
Communication 542.34 1.45 422.87 1.41
Travelling and
conveyance 473.73 1.27 341.90 1.14
Rent 734.77 1.97 720.53 2.40
Legal and professional 222.43 0.60 206.00 0.69
Repairs and maintenance 256.69 0.69 212.77 0.71
Electricity 302.08 0.81 250.59 0.83
Recruitment and training 210.68 0.56 112.21 0.37
Others 686.48 1.84 903.86 3.01
Total 5,054.29 13.54 4,622.76 15.39
The reduction in other operating expenses as a
percentage of revenues 1.85% (from 15.39% in fiscal
2010 to 13.54% in fiscal 2011) was primarily due to:
º Decrease ih so!Iware ahd hardware cosIs 0.48%
º Decrease ih rehI 0.43%
º Decrease ih legal ahd pro!essiohal !ees 0.09%
º Decrease ih oIher iIems o! expehdiIure 1.17%
primarily on account of write back of provision for
bad debts 0.84%, lower insurance expenses 0.07%
and lower other expenses 0.23%
38
Annual Report 2010-11
º O!!seI by ah ihcrease ih commuhicaIioh expehses
0.04%, travelling and conveyance expenses 0.13%
and recruitment and training expenses 0.19%.
The leadership team continued to focus on cost
management during fiscal 2011 as is evident from the
reduction in costs in relation to the revenues.
Other income (net)
Other income comprises interest received on deposits
with banks, dividends from mutual funds and losses due
to exchange rate fluctuations.
Other income in fiscal 2011 was ` 604.00 crores
(` 272.07 crores in fiscal 2010), an increase of 0.71% as a
percentage of revenues.
Net loss on account of foreign exchange fluctuations
reduced in fiscal 2011. There was an increase in other
income as a result of continuous review of portfolio of
investments in interest-bearing bank deposits, mutual
funds and inter-corporate deposits. Increase in other
income (net) was mainly attributable to:
º Ihcrease ih ihIeresI ihcome 0.65%
º Decrease ih exchahge loss (heI) 0.54%
º O!!seI by
o Decrease in profit on redemption/sale of
mutual funds and other current investments
(net) 0.30%
o Decrease in miscellaneous income 0.17%.
Forward and option contracts
The Company enters into various forward and option
contracts to manage its exposure to exchange rate
fluctuations, in accordance with its risk management
policies and procedures. These contracts are generally
entered into with banks as counterparties. The Company
designates some of its hedges as ‘cash flow hedges’ on
compleIioh o! Ihe required documehIaIioh. Hedge
effectiveness testing is done periodically by applying the
recognition and measurement principles set out in the
Indian Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments:
Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39). All such
‘cash flow hedges’ are measured at their respective fair
values at the reporting dates. Changes in the fair value
of effective hedges are recognised in the ‘Shareholders’
funds’ and the ineffective hedges are recognised as
‘Other income’ in the profit and loss account.
On sale or termination of any ‘cash flow hedge’
before maturity, hedge accounting is discontinued
and cumulative gains or losses on such instruments
are retained in the ‘Shareholders’ funds’ until the
maturity of the instrument and thereafter transferred
to the profit and loss account. On sale or termination
of hedges on maturity, the resultant gains or losses are
taken to ‘Other income’ in the profit and loss account
for the period.
Forward contracts and currency options outstanding at
the reporting dates, other than designated cash flow
hedges, are stated at their fair values and gains or losses
are recognised as ‘Other income’ in the profit and loss
account for the period.
Note 18 to the consolidated accounts provides details of
the Company’s ‘Derivative Financial Instruments’.
Profit before Interest, Depreciation and Taxes
(PBIDT)
PBIDT in fiscal 2011 was ` 11,782.36 crores
(` 8,966.62 crores in fiscal 2010). PBIDT as percentage
of revenues was 31.57% in fiscal 2011 (29.86% in
fiscal 2010). The increase in the PBIDT of 1.71% as
percentage of revenues in fiscal 2011 was mainly
attributable to:
º Decrease ih operaIioh ahd oIher expehses 1.85%
º ImprovemehI ih oIher ihcome (heI) 0.71%
º O!!seI by ah ihcrease ih overseas busihess expehses
0.17% and services rendered by business associates
0.72%.
Interest costs
Interest costs increased to ` 26.48 crores in fiscal 2011
(0.07% of revenues) from ` 16.10 crores in fiscal 2010
(0.05% of revenues).
Depreciation and amortisation
Depreciation/amortisation charge has increased from
` 660.89 crores (2.20% of revenues) in fiscal 2010 to
` 735.26 crores (1.97% of revenues) in fiscal 2011. The
increase in depreciation/amortisation was primarily due
to additional capitalisation of computer equipment.
The decrease in terms of revenues 0.23% was primarily
attributable to:
º Decrease oh accouhI o! !urhiIure ahd !xIures ahd
office equipment 0.17%
º Decrease oh accouhI o! ihIahgible asseIs 0.06%
º Decrease oh accouhI o! buildihgs ahd leasehold
improvements 0.04%
º Ihcrease oh accouhI o! compuIers 0.05%.
Profit before taxes
Profit before taxes (PBT) in fiscal 2011 was
` 11,020.62 crores (` 8,289.63 crores in fiscal 2010). As
a percentage of revenues PBT increased from 27.61%
in fiscal 2010 to 29.53% in fiscal 2011. The substantial
increase of 1.92% can be attributed to higher PBIDT
of 1.71% and lower depreciation of 0.23% marginally
offset by higher interest costs 0.02%.
39
Provision for taxation
Income tax expense comprises current income tax and
the net changes in the deferred tax assets and liabilities
from operations in India and foreign tax jurisdictions.
Tax expenses relating to operations are determined in
accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where
such operations are carried out. The Company has been
benefiting from certain tax incentives under the Indian
Income Tax Act, 1961 (IT Act), in respect of IT services
exported from designated ‘Software Technology Park
(STP)’ units. The benefits applicable to STP expired on
March 31, 2011. The Company also avails tax incentives
applicable to Special Economic Zones (SEZ) under the
IT Act.
Till March 31, 2011, ‘Minimum Alternative Tax’ (MAT)
was applicable to the Company excluding its income
from SEZ. With effect from April 1, 2011, MAT would be
applicable to income from SEZ also. MAT paid gives rise
to tax credit which according to the IT Act can be carried
forward for subsequent ten years and adjusted against
future tax liabilities. In the view of the Company, it
would have sufficient tax liabilities to offset the MAT
credits during the prescribed carry forward period.
Accordingly, MAT was recognised as an asset in the
balance sheet.
The Company’s consolidated tax expense in fiscal 2011
increased to ` 1,830.83 crores from ` 1,196.97 crores in
fiscal 2010. As a percentage of revenues, it increased
to 4.91% in fiscal 2011 from 3.99% in fiscal 2010. As a
percentage of profit before taxes, the tax charge has
gone up from 14.44% in fiscal 2010 to 16.61% in fiscal
2011.
The increase in the effective tax rate from 14.44%
in fiscal 2010 to 16.61% in fiscal 2011 was primarily
attributable to:
º Ihcrease ih e!!ecIive Iax raIe !or 1aIa CohsulIahcy
Services Ltd. (unconsolidated) from 11.80% in fiscal
2010 to 12.99% in fiscal 2011 primarily on account
of increase in other income and expiry of period of
tax holiday for certain STP units
º Ihcrease ih Iax provisioh o! ohe o! Ihe Compahy's
subsidiaries in India as a result of expiry of tax
holiday of its STP Units
º Ihcrease ih Iaxable pro!Is o! Ihe overseas subsidiary
companies.
Net profit before minority interest
The Company’s net profit before minority interest
increased from ` 7,092.66 crores in fiscal 2010 to
` 9,189.79 crores in fiscal 2011. Net profit margin on
revenues increased from 23.62% in fiscal 2010 to 24.62%
in fiscal 2011. The increase in net profit margin of 1.00%
is attributable to increase in PBT margin of 1.92% offset
by higher net taxes of 0.92% in fiscal 2011.
Minority interest
Minority interest represents the amount of net profit
attributable to third party ownership interests in the
Company’s subsidiaries.
Minority interest registered an increase from
` 90.99 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 121.45 crores in fiscal
2011. This is primarily due to increase of profits in two
of its subsidiaries.
Share of loss of associate
The Company’s share of loss of associate as a result of
such minority shareholding was a loss of ` 0.30 crores
in fiscal 2011 as compared to a loss of ` 1.03 crores in
fiscal 2010.
Net profit
The Company’s consolidated net profit was
` 9, 068.04 crores in fiscal 2011 (24.30% of revenues)
against ` 7,000.64 crores in fiscal 2010 (23.31% of
revenues). The Company’s consolidated net profit has
increased 29.53% in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal
2010.
Consolidated segment result
The Company considers ‘Industry’ as its primary segment
and ‘Geography’ as its secondary segment.
Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments
are reported under each reportable primary segment.
40
Annual Report 2010-11
The Company’s industry segment results are summarised below.
Summary of segment result Fiscal 2011
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
Fiscal 2010
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
% growth
Revenues 37,324.51 - 30,028.92 - 24.30
Segment result 11,064.09 29.64 8,564.54 28.52 29.18
Unallocable expenses (net) 647.47 1.73 546.98 1.82 18.37
Operating income 10,416.62 27.91 8,017.56 26.70 29.92
Other income (net) 604.00 1.62 272.07 0.91 122.00
Profit before taxes 11,020.62 29.53 8,289.63 27.61 32.94
The following table presents each industry segment’s revenues as a percentage of total industry revenues and each
industry segment’s result, i.e., operating profit (excluding unallocated expenses) as a percentage of total industry
segment result.


Segment Revenues Segment Result
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
(` crores) % of Revenues (` crores) % of Segment Result
Banking,
Financial Services
and Insurance 16,526.60 13,488.85 44.28 44.92 5,170.84 3,873.73 46.73 45.23
Manufacturing 2,751.76 2,433.80 7.37 8.10 704.30 743.01 6.37 8.68
Retail and
Consumer
Packaged Goods 4,105.05 3,181.43 11.00 10.59 1,071.68 846.53 9.69 9.88
Telecom 5,292.45 4,365.02 14.18 14.54 1,843.78 1,350.94 16.66 15.77
Others 8,648.65 6,559.82 23.17 21.85 2,273.49 1,750.33 20.55 20.44
Total 37,324.51 30,028.92 100.00 100.00 11,064.09 8,564.54 100.00 100.00
41
Industry segment-wise performances are
discussed below:
(` crores)
Banking,
Financial
Services and
Insurance (BFSI)
Fiscal
2011
% of
Segment
Revenues
Fiscal
2010
% of
Segment
Revenues
%
growth
Revenues 16,526.60 - 13,488.85 - 22.52
Segment result 5,170.84 31.29 3,873.73 28.72 33.48
BFSI constitutes the Company’s largest segment. This
constituted 44.28% of Company’s revenues in fiscal
2011 (44.92% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed
46.73% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (45.23% in
fiscal 2010).
BFSI has shown satisfactory growth in terms of
revenues (22.52% over fiscal 2010) as well as segment
result (33.48% over fiscal 2010). The result in terms of
revenues also has improved from 28.72% in fiscal 2010
to 31.29% in fiscal 2011. The customers in this segment
were adversely affected during the global economic
slowdowh. However, !scal 2011 wiIhessed ecohomic
recovery and increased spending by customers. The
change in the BFSI landscape is reflected in the result
for fiscal 2011. Other significant developments in
fiscal 2011 were (1) addition of new customers across
geographies, including marquee logos that hold good
potential for future growth, (2) establishing a group
of ‘Industry Principals’ to advise customers on high end
business strategy and (3) filing application for patenting
‘Risk Assessment System’, which is a component of the
Company’s Mobile Telematic Solution.
(` crores)
Telecom
Fiscal
2011
% of
Segment
Revenues
Fiscal
2010
% of
Segment
Revenues
%
growth
Revenues 5,292.45 - 4,365.02 - 21.25
Segment result 1,843.78 34.84 1,350.94 30.95 36.48
The second largest segment of the Company is Telecom
(including Media and Entertainment). This constituted
14.18% of Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011
(14.54% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 16.66%
of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (15.77% in
fiscal 2010).
Media and Entertainment vertical did extremely well –
the revenues registered a growth of 39.80% over fiscal
2010. Some of the agile processes and technologies
put in place have made it possible for the Company to
position itself well in the industry.
In fiscal 2010, telecom faced some setbacks. Some of
the major customers cut down their IT budgets and the
Company witnessed a reduction in revenues compared
to fiscal 2009. In fiscal 2011 telecom witnessed moderate
growth (18.47% over fiscal 2010), driven by recovery of
business with some of the strategic customers.
The segment result has shown significant improvement
from 30.95% in fiscal 2010 to 34.84% in fiscal 2011.
In fiscal 2011 Telecom was able to (1) add new
customers with annuity business potential across
geographies (2) deploy mobile number portability
solutions and IT infrastructure for launch of
3G services (3) commercially deploy ‘Telco in a
Box’ offering to large telecom companies and
(4) create a separate unit called ‘Mobility Solutions Unit’
to service all the industry verticals of TCS.
In fiscal 2011 Media and Entertainment surged ahead
by (1) exploiting the Company’s full service capability
(2) deploying Platform Based Solutions (3) pre-building
a Social Web Monetisation Platform to enable its
customers to rapidly establish social media based
presence on the web and (4) acquiring significant
experience and capability in broadcasting segment.
(` crores)
Retail and
Consumer
Packaged
Goods (CPG)
Fiscal
2011
% of
Segment
Revenues
Fiscal
2010
% of
Segment
Revenues
% growth
Revenues 4,105.05 - 3,181.43 - 29.03
Segment result 1,071.68 26.11 846.53 26.61 26.60
The third largest segment for the Company is the
Retail and CPG segment. This constituted 11.00% of
the Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (10.59% in fiscal
2010) and has contributed 9.69% of total segment result
in fiscal 2011 (9.88% in fiscal 2010).
Capitalising on the increased spending by retailers on
discretionary programmes and making full use of its
domain driven full services offerings, the Retail and CPG
segment did well in fiscal 2011. The segment revenues
have shown a healthy growth of 29.03% in fiscal 2011.
Segment result has also shown creditable growth of
26.60% in fiscal 2011.
During fiscal 2011, the segment has (1) won several
transformational deals using the Company’s deep
domain capabilities (2) offered non-linear solutions
using the Company’s domain driven ‘Full Services
Offerings’ for certain mission critical programmes and
(3) co-opted alliances and also used the Company’s
rich repository of intellectual properties to bring best
practices to its customers.
42
Annual Report 2010-11
(` crores)
Manufacturing
Fiscal
2011
% of
Segment
Revenues
Fiscal
2010
% of
Segment
Revenues
% growth
Revenues 2,751.76 - 2,433.80 - 13.06
Segment result 704.30 25.59 743.01 30.53 (5.21)
The fourth largest segment for the Company is the
Manufacturing segment. This constituted 7.37% of
Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (8.10% in fiscal 2010)
and has contributed 6.37% of total segment result in
fiscal 2011 (8.68% in fiscal 2010).
Manufacturing was one of the industries worst
affected during the global economic slowdown. Fiscal
2010 witnessed de-growth in revenues as well as
segment result. Aerospace and process engineering
areas continued to face strong headwinds in
fiscal 2011. Automotive and Industrial Manufacturing
and Components improved marginally – the result was
a moderate 13.06% growth in revenues in fiscal 2011
over !scal 2010. However, Ihe segmehI had Io !ace
pressure on margins, which resulted in decrease in
segment results from 30.53% in fiscal 2010 to 25.59%
in fiscal 2011. The manufacturing segment continued to
invest in the expected growth areas, namely, mobility,
Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) and green and
sustainability initiatives.
(` crores)
Other
Segments
Fiscal
2011
% of
Segment
Revenues
Fiscal
2010
% of
Segment
Revenues
% growth
Revenues 8,648.65 - 6,559.82 - 31.84
Segment result 2,273.49 26.29 1,750.33 26.68 29.89
Other segments include:
º Li!e Sciehces ahd HealIhcare
º Lhergy, Resources ahd UIiliIies
º 1ravel, 1rahsporIaIioh ahd HospiIaliIy
º 1hird ParIy ProducIs
º Hi-1ech
º s-Coverhahce
º OIhers
The ‘Other segments’ constituted 23.17% of Company’s
revenues in fiscal 2011 (21.85% in fiscal 2010) and has
contributed 20.55% of total segment result in fiscal
2011 (20.44% in fiscal 2010).
The combined performance of ‘Other segments’ was an
excellent growth in revenues (31.84% in fiscal 2011 over
fiscal 2010) and an impressive improvement in segment
result (29.89% in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010). Segment
result remained steady at 26.29%. Some of the star
per!ormers were Li!e Sciehces ahd HealIhcare (revehue
growth 26.80%), Energy, Resources and Utilities (revenue
growIh 79.50%), Hi-1ech (revehue growIh 43.70%) ahd
1ravel, 1rahsporIaIioh ahd HospiIaliIy (revehue growIh
33.30%) in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010.
43
FINANCIAL POSITION — CONSOLIDATED
Share capital
(` crores)
As at
March 31,
2011
As at
March 31,
2010
Authorised
225 crores equity shares of ` 1 each 225.00 225.00
100 crores redeemable preference
shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
Total 325.00 325.00
Issued, subscribed and paid-up
195.72 crores equity shares of ` 1 each 195.72 195.72
100 crores redeemable preference
shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
Total 295.72 295.72
The authorised share capital remained at 225 crores
equity shares of ` 1 each and 100 crores redeemable
preference shares of ` 1 each.
Reserves and surplus
The balance in the Capital reserve (on consolidation)
stood at ` 24.50 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 5.02 crores as at March 31, 2010). The increase in
the balance of Capital reserve during fiscal 2011 is on
account of the purchase accounting for the acquisition
of Unisys Insurance Services Limited (UISL) (renamed as
Diligenta 2 Limited) where the net assets acquired were
higher as compared to the purchase consideration.
The balance in the Capital redemption reserve
remained unchanged at ` 0.40 crores as at the end of
March 31, 2011.
Securities premium account stood unchanged at
` 1,918.47 crores as at March 31, 2011.
The opening balance of General reserve as at
April 1, 2010 was ` 2,539.59 crores. In fiscal 2011,
` 827.58 crores was transferred to the General reserve
from the profit and loss account. The closing balance
in the General reserve as at March 31, 2011 was
` 3,367.17 crores.
Balance in the profit and loss account as at
March 31, 2011 was at ` 18,635.05 crores
(` 13,604.84 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Foreign currency translation reserve
For purpose of consolidation of subsidiaries with the
financial information of the holding company, income
and expenses are translated at average rates and the
assets and liabilities are stated at closing rate. Use of
such different rates for translation gives rise to exchange
difference which is accumulated in foreign currency
translation reserve.
Foreign currency translation reserve was
` 200.77 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 108.75 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
The closing balance of hedging reserve (arising out of
cash flow hedges) as at March 31, 2011 showed net
accumulated gain of ` 62.73 crores (` 6.07 crores net
accumulated loss as at March 31, 2010).
Reserves and surplus at the end of fiscal 2011 was
` 24,209.09 crores, an increase of 33.23% over
` 18,171.00 crores at the end of fiscal 2010.
Loans
Secured loans as at March 31, 2011 were ` 38.44 crores
(` 31.21 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Bank overdrafts as at March 31, 2011 aggregated
` 0.46 crores (` ‘Nil’ as at March 31, 2010) and were
secured against domestic book debts.
The Company’s obligations under finance lease (refer
hoIe 9 Io schedule Q ih cohsolidaIed hoIes Io accouhIs)
was ` 37.98 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 31.21 crores
as at March 31, 2010) - these are secured against fixed
assets obtained under finance lease arrangements.
Unsecured loans as at March 31, 2011 aggregated
` 36.36 crores (` 72.04 crores as at March 31,
2010). Loans from banks as at March 31, 2011
were at ` 31.11 crores (` 58.31 crores as at
March 31, 2010). Other unsecured loans were
` 5.25 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 13.73 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
Deferred tax liability (net) and deferred tax assets
(net)
As stated in the accounting policies (see notes to
cohsolidaIed accouhIs, schedule Q 1 (l)), de!erred Iax
assets and liabilities are offset, tax jurisdiction-wise.
Schedule ‘E’ of the balance sheet brings out details of
component-wise deferred tax balances where the net
values result into liabilities or assets, jurisdiction-wise.
Deferred tax liabilities are created against certain
items such as foreign branch profit and depreciation.
The net deferred tax liability was ` 109.49 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 68.68 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Deferred tax assets are created against certain items
such as employee benefits, depreciation and provision
for doubtful debts. As at March 31, 2011, the net
deferred tax asset had a balance of ` 160.18 crores
(` 167.86 crores as at March 31, 2010). The Company
assesses the likelihood of deferred tax assets getting
recovered from future taxable income.
44
Annual Report 2010-11
Fixed assets
Additions to the gross block excluding
Capital-Work-in -Progress (CWIP) in fiscal 2011 amounted
to ` 1,493.79 crores (` 737.93 crores in fiscal 2010). The
significant items of additions were:
º Lahd ahd buildihgs ` 299.11 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 179.90 crores in fiscal 2010)
º Leasehold improvemehIs ` 140.88 crores in fiscal
2011(` 62.90 crores in fiscal 2010)
º CompuIers ` 587.16 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 266.84 crores in fiscal 2010)
º O!!ce equipmehI, elecIrical ihsIallaIiohs ahd
furniture and fixtures ` 366.23 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 214.30 crores in fiscal 2010)
The amount in CWIP was ` 1,469.18 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 1,017.37 crores as at March 31,
2010) mostly related to construction / improvement of
facilities which are likely to be ready for use in fiscal
2012 and beyond. The CWIP included capital advances of
` 275.29 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 219.73 crores as
at March 31, 2010).
The Company entered into contractual commitments
with vendors who are executing various infrastructure
projects. The estimated amount of such contracts
remaining to be executed on capital account was
` 1,208.27 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 1,172.62 crores
as at March 31, 2010).
Goodwill on consolidation
Goodwill on consolidation represents the excess of
purchase consideration over net asset value of acquired
subsidiaries on the date of such acquisition. Such
goodwill is tested for impairment annually or more
frequently, if there are indications for impairment. The
management does not foresee any risk of impairment
on the carrying value of goodwill as at March 31, 2011.
Goodwill on consolidation as at March 31, 2011
stood at ` 3,232.00 crores (` 3,215.99 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
The strategic acquisitions which have significant
contribution to goodwill on consolidation are
(1) TCS e-Serve Ltd. – 59.68%
(2) TCS Switzerland Ltd. – 9.74%
(3) TCS FNS (Pty) Ltd. – 5.60% and
(4) Subsidiaries of TCS Iberoamerica S.A. – 9.18%.
Investments
(` crores)
As at
March 31,
2011
As at
March 31,
2010
Investments in fully paid-up
equity and preference shares
(unquoted) 30.33 11.67
Investments in bonds (quoted) 84.15 10.97
Investments in bonds and
debentures (unquoted) 1,305.99 1,200.00
Investments in mutual funds
(unquoted) 343.24 2,459.44
Total investments 1,763.71 3,682.08
Less: provision for diminution
in the value of investments (1.04) -
Net investments 1,762.67 3,682.08
Investments in bonds and debentures (quoted and
unquoted) as at March 31, 2011 was ` 1,390.14 crores
(` 1,210.97 crores). The additional investments in bonds
and debentures are attributable to investments made
by a subsidiary in India.
In order to achieve higher yield, the Company has
increased its exposure in fixed deposit with banks in
India from ` 3,531.31 crores as at March 31, 2010 to
` 6,061.70 crores as at March 31, 2011 and consequently
the exposure in mutual funds has been reduced from
` 2,459.44 crores as at March 31, 2010 to ` 343.24 crores
as at March 31, 2011. This was in line with the Company’s
strategy for optimum utilisation of surplus cash.
Mergers/Acquisitions/Liquidations during fiscal
2011 through subsidiaries
Mergers
Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada, Syscrom
SA and Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA were
merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA
and subsequently the name of the merged entity was
changed to Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA.
Lxegehix Research Ihc. ahd LRI Holdihgs Corp. were
merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.
The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata
Consultancy Services Limited.
Acquisitions
Diligenta Limited, U.K., acquired 100% equity interest
in Unisys Insurance Services Limited (renamed as
Diligenta 2 Limited).
45
CMC America Inc. subscribed to 100% share capital of
CMC eBiz, Inc.
Tata America International Corporation acquired 100%
equity share capital of MS CJV Investments Corporation.
Consequently, the group holding in Tata Consultancy
Services (China) Co. Ltd. has increased from 65.94% to
74.63%.
Liquidations
Fihahcial NeIwork Services (H.K.) LimiIed (subsidiary o!
1CS Fihahcial SoluIiohs AusIralia Holdihgs PIy LimiIed)
has been voluntarily liquidated and de-registered.
Current assets, loans and advances
Unbilled revenues
Unbilled revenues primarily comprise revenues
recognised in relation to efforts incurred on contracts,
which are yet to be billed.
Unbilled revenues were ` 1,348.85 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 1,201.14 crores as at March 31, 2010)
representing 3.61% of the revenues for fiscal 2011
(4.00% as at March 31, 2010).
Sundry debtors
Sundry debtors as at March 31, 2011 aggregated
` 8,198.84 crores (` 5,855.41 crores as at March 31, 2010).
As a percentage of revenues, sundry debtors were at
21.97% as at March 31, 2011 as compared to 19.50% as
at March 31, 2010.
Cash and bank balances
(` crores)
As at
March 31,
2011
As at
March 31,
2010
Fixed deposit with banks
in India 6,061.70 3,531.31
Deposits with banks
overseas 527.22 538.61
Current bank accounts -
India 108.73 116.34
Current bank accounts -
overseas 616.27 417.69
Cheques in hand,
remittances in transit and
cash 64.17 114.64
Total 7,378.09 4,718.59
The amount held in fixed deposits with banks in India
increased from ` 3,531.31 crores as at March 31, 2010 to
` 6,061.17 crores as at March 31, 2011 in line with the
Company’s cash management strategies. As a result, the
yield from deployment of surplus cash has increased in
fiscal 2011.
Loans and advances
Loans and advances include advances recoverable,
advance tax net of provision for taxes, loans and
advances to employees and MAT credit.
Loans and advances as at March 31, 2011 were at
` 4,858.16 crores (` 3,969.77 crores as at March 31,2010).
The increase was primarily attributable to:
º Advahces recoverable ` 2,377.06 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 1,938.44 crores as at
March 31, 2010)
º Advahce Iax (heI o! provisioh !or Iaxes)
` 1,249.72 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 771.12 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Current liabilities
Current liabilities include sundry creditors, advances
from customers, advance billings and deferred revenues
and other liabilities.
Current liabilities increased to ` 4,698.09 crores as at
March 31, 2011 as compared to ` 4,093.79 crores as at
March 31, 2010. The increase was primarily due to:
º Suhdry crediIors ` 3,354.49 crores as at
March, 31, 2011 (` 2,977.73 crores at March 31,
2010)
º Other liabilities ` 522.42 crores as at March 31,
2011 (` 371.82 crores as at March 31, 2010). These
other liabilities include fair values of foreign
exchange forward and currency option contracts
` 57.70 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 115.92 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
Provisions
Provisions include employee benefits, proposed final
dividend on equity shares, provisions for taxes (net
of advance tax), proposed dividend on redeemable
preference shares, tax on dividend and provision for
contingencies and warranties.
Provisions aggregated ` 2,906.49 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 4,300.07 crores as at March 31, 2010).
The decrease was mainly attributable to:
º Proposed !hal dividehds oh equiIy shares
` 1,565.78 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 2,740.11 crores as at March 31, 2010)
º 1ax oh dividehds ` 266.74 crores as at March 31,
2011 (` 466.23 crores as at March 31, 2010).
46
Annual Report 2010-11
CASH FLOW — CONSOLIDATED
Cash Inflows
Cash Outflows
Cash flows are reported by adjusting net profit before
tax for effect of non-cash transactions, changes in
working capital, income taxes paid, cash transactions
of capital nature, cash transactions relating to investing
and financing activities. Cash flows from operating,
investing and financing activities of the Company are
identified and reported separately.
Summary of cash flow statement is given below:
(` crores)
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning
of the year 1,024.37 1,459.54
Net cash provided by operating
activities 6,638.09 7,406.23
Net cash used in investing activities (1,485.25) (5,413.22)
Net cash used in financing activities (4,658.90) (2,381.35)
Net increase / (decrease) in cash and
cash equivalents 493.94 (388.34)
Exchange difference on translation
of foreign currency cash and cash
equivalents 30.28 (46.83)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of
the year 1,548.59 1,024.37
Deposits with original maturity over
three months 5,803.38 3,652.74
Restricted cash 26.12 41.48
Cash and bank balance at the end
of the year 7,378.09 4,718.59
Cash flow from operations
Net cash of ` 6,638.09 crores was generated from
operating activities by the Company in fiscal 2011
(` 7,406.23 crores in fiscal 2010).
(` crores)
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Operating profit before working
capital changes 11,042.75 8,834.02
Effect of working capital changes (2,127.66) 479.52
Cash generation from
operations 8,915.09 9,313.54
Tax payments made (2,277.00) (1,907.31)
Net cash provided by operating
activities 6,638.09 7,406.23
The operating profit in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal
2010 wehI up by 25.00%. However, requiremehI o!
additional working capital and increased income tax
payments 19.38% in fiscal 2011 resulted in reduction
of net cash inflow from operating activities. Additional
working capital was driven by business needs.
Cash flow from investing activities
(` crores)
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Purchase of fixed assets (1,850.32) (1,044.79)
Sale/(purchase) of investments 2,001.67 (1,914.80)
Purchase of fixed deposits with
banks (net) having maturity over
three months (2,141.38) (2,421.99)
Others 504.78 (31.64)
Net cash used in investing
activities (1,485.25) (5,413.22)
In fiscal 2011 the Company used ` 1,485.25 crores on
investing activities (` 5,413.22 crores in fiscal 2010). The
significant items of investing activities were:
º Fixed deposiIs wiIh bahks (heI) havihg maIuriIy
greater than 3 months of ` 2,141.38 crores in fiscal
2011 ( ` 2,421.99 crores in fiscal 2010)
º Sale o! ihvesImehIs (primarily muIual !uhds)
` 2,001.67 crores in fiscal 2011 (purchase
` 1,914.80 crores in fiscal 2010).
º IhIeresI oh deposiIs received ih !scal 2011
of ` 398.75 crores (` 92.81 crores in fiscal 2010)
included in ‘Others’.
47
Cash flow from financing activities
(` crores)
Fiscal
2011
Fiscal
2010
Dividends paid (including tax) (4,592.69) (1,958.43)
Repayments of borrowings (net) (24.39) (400.57)
Others (41.82) (22.35)
Net cash used in financing
activities (4,658.90) (2,381.35)
In fiscal 2011 the Company used ` 4,658.90 crores in
financing activities ( ` 2,381.35 crores in fiscal 2010).
In fiscal 2011, the significant items of cash used in
financing activities were:
º PaymehI o! dividehd ihcludihg Iax o!
` 4,592.69 crores due to the substantial increase
attributable to a special one-time dividend of ` 10 per
share declared in fiscal 2010 and paid in fiscal 2011
(` 1,958.43 crores in fiscal 2010)
º RepaymehI o! bahk borrowihgs (heI) o!
` 24.39 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 400.57 crores in
fiscal 2010).
48
Annual Report 2010-11
COMPANY’S PERFORMANCE TREND (INDIAN GAAP CONSOLIDATED)
PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
(` crores)
(except EPS and headcount data)
FY 2010-11 FY 2009-10 FY 2008-09 FY 2007-08 FY 2006-07 FY 2005-06 FY 2004-05
Revenues
Total revenues 37,324.51 30,028.92 27,812.88 22,619.52 18,685.21 13,263.99 9,748.47
International revenues 33,889.45 27,431.02 25,630.76 20,573.90 17,003.22 11,607.08 8,560.90
Domestic revenues 3,435.06 2,597.90 2,182.12 2,045.62 1,681.99 1,656.91 1,187.57
Revenues from offshore business 17,283.62 13,989.82 11,328.80 8,620.46 6,886.30 4,341.05 3,313.07
Revenues by geographic segments
Americas 21,457.51 17,272.93 15,600.21 12,394.05 10,514.81 7,831.28 5,771.41
Europe 9,250.67 8,009.57 8,212.22 6,603.02 5,320.48 2,975.34 2,250.17
India 3,435.06 2,597.90 2,182.12 2,045.62 1,681.99 1,656.91 1,187.57
Others 3,181.27 2,148.52 1,818.33 1,576.83 1,167.93 800.46 539.32
Costs
Employee costs 18,712.79 15,065.75 14,483.20 11,411.05 9,001.39 6,111.52 4,384.52
Other operating costs 7,433.36 6,268.62 6,159.88 5,497.09 4,544.97 3,468.17 2,550.12
Total cost
(excluding interest and depreciation) 26,146.15 21,334.37 20,643.08 16,908.14 13,546.36 9,579.69 6,934.64
Profitability
EBIDTA (before other Income) 11,178.36 8,694.55 7,169.80 5,711.38 5,138.85 3,684.30 2,813.83
Profit before tax 11,020.62 8,289.63 6,150.07 5,845.95 4,918.28 3,506.62 2,633.69
Profit after tax 9,068.04 7,000.64 5,256.42 5,026.02 4,212.63 2,966.74 1,976.90
Financial position
Share capital 295.72 295.72 197.86 197.86 97.86 48.93 48.01
Reserves and surplus 24,209.09 18,171.00 15,502.15 12,102.26 8,752.24 5,949.88 3,429.53
Gross block 7,792.24 6,419.51 5,843.86 4,291.80 3,197.71 1,951.04 1,170.65
Total investments 1,762.67 3,682.08 1,614.41 2,606.16 1,256.87 704.62 421.54
Net current assets 14,276.15 7,395.02 7,544.12 5,553.32 4,331.11 2,867.18 1,797.09
Earnings per share in `
EPS - as reported 46.27 35.67 53.63 51.36 43.05 60.63 47.37
EPS - adjusted for bonus issue 46.27 35.67 26.81 25.68 21.53 15.16 11.84
Headcount (number)
HeadcouhI (ihcludihg subsidiaries) as oh
March 31st 1,98,614 1,60,429 1,43,761 1,11,407 89,419 66,480 45,714

49
RATIO ANALYSIS
Ratio Analysis Unit FY 2010-11 FY 2009-10 FY 2008-09 FY 2007-08 FY 2006-07 FY 2005-06 FY 2004-05
Ratios - Financial Performance
International revenues/Total
revenues % 90.80 91.35 92.15 90.96 91.00 87.51 87.82
Domestic revenues/Total revenues % 9.20 8.65 7.85 9.04 9.00 12.49 12.18
Employee costs/Total revenues % 50.14 50.17 52.07 50.45 48.17 46.08 44.98
Other operating costs/Total revenues % 19.92 20.88 22.15 24.30 24.32 26.15 26.16
Total costs/Total revenues % 70.05 71.05 74.22 74.75 72.50 72.22 71.14
EBIDTA (before other Income)/
Total revenues % 29.95 28.95 25.78 25.25 27.50 27.78 28.86
Profit before tax/Total revenues % 29.53 27.61 22.11 25.84 26.32 26.44 27.02
Tax/Total revenues % 4.91 3.99 3.02 3.48 3.55 3.84 4.07
Effective tax rate - Tax/PBT % 16.61 14.44 13.64 13.45 13.50 14.53 15.07
Profit after tax/Total revenues % 24.30 23.31 18.90 22.22 22.55 22.37 20.28
Ratios - growth
International revenues % 23.54 7.02 24.58 21.00 46.49 35.58 -
Total revenues % 24.30 7.97 22.96 21.06 40.87 36.06 -
EBIDTA (before other Income) % 28.57 21.27 25.54 11.14 39.48 30.94 -
Profit after tax % 29.53 33.18 4.58 19.31 42.00 50.07 -
Ratios - Balance Sheet
Debt-Equity ratio Nos. - 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.06
Current ratio Nos. 2.88 1.88 2.26 2.24 2.24 2.25 2.24
Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) Days 80 71 79 87 84 90 77
Invested funds/Total assets % 37.23 45.62 26.29 28.97 27.03 17.67 17.92
Invested funds/Total revenues % 25.08 28.87 15.76 16.76 13.94 8.43 7.05
Capital expenditure/Total revenues % 4.91 3.43 3.95 5.58 6.64 4.69 3.72
Operating cash flows/Total revenues % 17.78 24.66 19.45 17.22 18.58 18.76 21.46
Free cash flow/Operating cash flow
ratio % 72.40 86.07 79.70 67.60 64.25 74.97 82.64
Depreciation/Average gross block % 10.35 10.78 11.13 15.05 17.10 18.09 13.57
Ratios - per share
EPS - adjusted for bonus ` 46.27 35.67 26.81 25.68 21.53 15.16 11.84
Price earning ratio, end of year Nos. 25.56 21.89 10.07 15.79 28.97 31.57 -
Dividend per share ` 14.00 20.00 14.00 14.00 13.00 13.50 11.50
Dividend per share - adjusted for
bonus ` 14.00 20.00 7.00 7.00 6.50 3.38 2.88
Dividend payout % 35.22 65.45 30.54 31.89 30.74 25.07 27.55
Market capitalisation/Total revenues % 6.20 5.09 1.90 3.51 6.53 7.06 -
50
Annual Report 2010-11
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE UNCONSOLIDATED
Summary
The total revenues of TCS Limited aggregated ` 29,275.41 crores in fiscal 2011 as compared to ` 23,044.45 crores in
fiscal 2010, registering a growth of 27.04%.
Other financial performance parameters are shown below:
x Company’s profit before taxes aggregated ` 8,700.43 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 6,370.38 crores in fiscal 2010),
registering a growth of 36.58%
x Company’s profit after taxes aggregated ` 7,569.99 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 5,618.51 crores in fiscal 2010), registering
a growth of 34.73%
x Company’s earnings per share (EPS) were ` 38.61 in fiscal 2011 (` 28.61 in fiscal 2010), registering a growth of
34.95%.
DIVIDENDS
Decision on dividend is based on Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Unconsolidated) financials which excludes the
performance of subsidiaries of TCS Limited. The Board of Directors declares quarterly interim dividends based on the
performance of the Company.
For fiscal 2011 the Company declared three interim dividends of ` 2 per equity share. A final dividend of ` 8 per equity
share has been recommended by the Board of Directors at its meeting held on April 21, 2011.
On approval by the shareholders of the final dividend of ` 8 per equity share, total dividend for fiscal 2011 would be
` 14 per equity share (total dividend for fiscal 2010 was ` 20 per equity share which included a special one-time dividend
of ` 10 per equity share).
DISCUSSIONS ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE - UNCONSOLIDATED
The Management’s Discussion and Analysis given below relates to the audited financial statements of TCS Limited
(Unconsolidated). The discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes to the
financial statements for the years ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010.
The following table gives an overview of the financial results of TCS Limited (unconsolidated):
For the year ended
March 31, 2011
For the year ended
March 31, 2010
FY 11 vs.
FY 10
Revenues from operations
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
(` crores)
% of
Revenues
% growth
Information technology and consultancy services 28,171.26 96.23 22,232.93 96.48 26.71
Sale of equipment and software licenses 1,104.15 3.77 811.52 3.52 36.06
Total revenues 29,275.41 100.00 23,044.45 100.00 27.04
Expenditure
Employee costs 10,190.31 34.81 7,882.43 34.21 29.28
Overseas business expenses (employee allowances paid
overseas) 4,533.29 15.48 3,900.76 16.93 16.22
Total employee costs 14,723.60 50.29 11,783.19 51.14 24.95
Overseas business expenses (other than employee
allowance paid overseas) 446.65 1.53 324.54 1.41 37.63
Services rendered by business associates and others 1,735.72 5.93 992.02 4.30 74.97
Operation and other expenses 3,605.91 12.32 3,273.03 14.20 10.17
Total expenditure 20,511.88 70.07 16,372.78 71.05 25.28
Other income (net) 494.73 1.69 177.60 0.77 178.56
Profit before interest, depreciation and taxes 9,258.26 31.62 6,849.27 29.72 35.17
Interest 20.01 0.07 9.54 0.04 109.75
Depreciation and amortisation 537.82 1.83 469.35 2.04 14.59
Profit before taxes 8,700.43 29.72 6,370.38 27.64 36.58
Provision for taxes
Income tax expense (including deferred tax, fringe
benefit tax and MAT credit entitlement) 1,130.44 3.86 751.87 3.26 50.35
Net profit 7,569.99 25.86 5,618.51 24.38 34.73
51
Revenues
Revenues from operations
The Company’s revenues increased in fiscal 2011to ` 29,275.41 crores from ` 23,044.45 crores in fiscal 2010, a growth
of 27.04% (2.86% in fiscal 2010).
Revenues from information technology and consultancy services increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 28,171.26 crores from
` 22,232.93 crores in fiscal 2010, a growth of 26.71%. Revenues from information technology and consultancy services
constituted 96.23% of total revenues in fiscal 2011 (96.48% in fiscal 2010).
Revenues from sale of equipment and software licenses increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 1,104.15 crores from ` 811.52 crores
in fiscal 2010, an increase of 36.06%. Sale of equipment and software licenses constituted 3.77% of total revenues in
fiscal 2011 (3.52% in fiscal 2010).
Expenditure
Total employee costs
Total employee costs in fiscal 2011 increased to ` 14,723.60 crores from ` 11,783.19 crores in fiscal 2010, a growth of
24.95%. Total employee costs as a percentage of revenues was 50.29% in fiscal 2011 (51.14% in fiscal 2010). The decrease
in employee cost in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010 of 0.85% of revenues was primarily attributable to:
x Higher salaries and incentives to employees in India of 0.60%, due to increase in the India headcount
x Offset by lower employee allowances to overseas employees of 1.45%. However, expenses for business associates
were higher at 5.93% of revenues in fiscal 2011 (4.30% of revenues in fiscal 2010).
Overseas business expenses (other than overseas employee allowances)
Expenses on this account went up from ` 324.54 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 446.65 crores in fiscal 2011 mainly due
to increase in overseas travel related costs 0.92% of revenues in fiscal 2011 (0.85% of revenues in fiscal 2010). As a
percentage of revenues, overseas business expenses increased from 1.41% in fiscal 2010 to 1.53% in fiscal 2011. Such
increase was necessitated by business needs in the changing market conditions.
Services rendered by business associates and others
Expenditure on business associates increased from ` 992.02 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 1,735.72 crores in fiscal 2011. As
a percentage of revenues, these expenses increased from 4.30% in fiscal 2010 to 5.93% in fiscal 2011. The increase of
1.63% in the fiscal 2011 is attributable to increase in requirement of business associates globally to ensure meeting of
customer expectations.
Operation and other expenses
The table below summarises the nature of expenses considered under Other operating expenses
Nature of Expenses
For the year ended March
31, 2011
For the year ended March
31, 2010
(` crores) % Revenues (` crores) % Revenues
Software and hardware 1,438.49 4.91 1,254.80 5.44
Communication 302.57 1.03 284.22 1.23
Travelling and conveyance 295.75 1.01 186.00 0.81
Rent 477.64 1.63 503.90 2.19
Legal and professional 122.10 0.42 93.76 0.41
Repairs and maintenance 180.47 0.62 141.41 0.61
Electricity 240.00 0.82 200.49 0.87
Recruitment and training 165.84 0.57 78.79 0.34
Other expenses 383.05 1.31 529.66 2.30
Total 3,605.91 12.32 3,273.03 14.20
52
Annual Report 2010-11
Oper at i on and ot her expens es i ncr eas ed t o
` 3,605.91 crores in fiscal 2011from ` 3,273.03 crores in
fiscal 2010. As a percentage of revenues, these expenses
decreased from 14.20% in fiscal 2010 to 12.32% in fiscal
2011. The decrease of 1.88% was primarily due to:
x Reduction in software and hardware purchased
0.53%
x Reduction in communication costs 0.20%
x Reduction in rent expenses 0.56%
x Reduction in ‘other expenses’ 0.99% primarily on
account of write back of provision for doubtful
debts 0.98%
x Offset by an increase in travelling and conveyance
expenses 0.20% and recruitment and training
expenses 0.23% on account of increased levels of
business activity.
Other income (net)
Other income (net) was a gain of ` 494.73 crores in
fiscal 2011(` 177.60 crores in fiscal 2010). Other
income (net) was 1.69% of revenues in fiscal 2011
(0.77% of revenues in fiscal 2010).
The primary reasons for the increase in other income
were:
x Higher interest income ` 427.95 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 196.69 crores in fiscal 2010)
x Higher dividend income ` 39.27 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 15.99 crores in fiscal 2010)
x Reduction in net exchange loss ` 53.04 crores in
fiscal 2011 as compared to ` 205.42 crores in fiscal
2010
x Offset by lower profit on sale of mutual funds and
other current investments ` 73.61 crores in fiscal
2011 (`148.41 crores in fiscal 2010).
Forward and options contracts
Details of ‘Derivative Financial Instruments’ are available
in note 26 of notes to accounts (unconsolidated).
Profit before Interest, Depreciation and Taxes
(PBIDT)
The PBIDT in fiscal 2011 was ` 9,258.26 crores
(` 6,849.27 crores in fiscal 2010). PBIDT as a percentage
of revenues went up from 29.72% in fiscal 2010 to
31.62% in fiscal 2011. The increase in the PBIDT of
1.90% as a percentage of revenues during fiscal 2011
was attributable to:
x Decrease in operation and other expenses 1.88%
x Decrease in total employee cost 0.85%
x Increase in other income (net) 0.92%
x Offset by an increase in the cost of services rendered
by business associates 1.63% and an increase in
overseas business expenses other than employee
costs by 0.12%.
Interest costs
Interest costs increased to ` 20.01 crores in fiscal 2011
from ` 9.54 crores in fiscal 2010.
Depreciation
Depreciation charge increased to ` 537.82 crores in fiscal
2011from ` 469.35 crores in fiscal 2010.
In terms of percentage of revenues, depreciation charge
was 1.83% in fiscal 2011 (2.04% in fiscal 2010).
The decrease of depreciation in terms of percentage
of revenues 0.21% was primarily attributable to lower
depreciation charge for:
x Freehold building 0.04%
x Office equipment and electrical installations 0.04%
x Leasehold improvements 0.04%
x Furniture and fixtures 0.15%
x Offset by increase on account of computers 0.07%.
Profit before taxes (PBT)
The PBT i n fiscal 2011 was ` 8, 700. 43 crores
(` 6,370.38 crores in fiscal 2010). As a percentage of
revenues, the PBT increased from 27.64% in fiscal 2010
to 29.72% in fiscal 2011. The primary reasons for the
increase in the PBT of 2.08% was due to:
x Increase in PBIDT 1.90%
x Decrease in depreciation charge 0.21%
x Offset by increase in interest cost 0.03%
Provision for taxation
The tax expense increased from ` 751.87 crores in
fiscal 2010 (3.26% of revenues) to ` 1,130.44 crores in
fiscal 2011 (3.86% of revenues). The increase in net tax
provision was primarily attributable to:
x Increase in tax provision as a result of expiry of tax
holiday of certain STP units
x Increase in other income
x Higher deferred tax expense arising out of reversal
of provision for bad and doubtful debts.
53
Net Profit
The Company’s net profit was ` 7,569.99 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 5,618.51 crores in fiscal 2010).
Net profit margin increased from 24.38% in fiscal 2010 to 25.86% in fiscal 2011. The improvement of 1.48% was
attributable to:
x higher PBT 2.08%
x offset by higher taxes 0.60%.
Dividends
For fiscal 2011 the Company declared three interim dividends of ` 2 per equity share. A final dividend of ` 8 per equity
share has been recommended.
On approval of the final dividend of ` 8 per equity share the total dividend for fiscal 2011 would be ` 14 per equity share.
The table below provides summary of dividend payout in last three fiscal years:
2010-11

First
Interim
Dividend
Second
Interim
Dividend
Third
Interim
Dividend
Final
Dividend
Special
Dividend
Total
Dividend
Number of shares (crores) 195.72 195.72 195.72 195.72 - 195.72
Dividend per share (`) 2.00 2.00 2.00 8.00 - 14.00
Dividend amount (`crores) 391.44 391.44 391.44 1,565.78 - 2,740.10
Dividend tax (` crores) 65.01 65.01 65.01 254.01 - 449.04
Total outflow (` crores) 456.45 456.45 456.45 1,819.79 - 3,189.14
2009-10
Number of shares (crores) 195.72 195.72 195.72 195.72 195.72 195.72
Dividend per share (`) 2.00 2.00 2.00 4.00 10.00 20.00
Dividend amount (` crores) 391.44 391.44 391.44 782.89 1,957.22 3,914.43
Dividend tax (` crores) 66.53 66.53 66.53 130.03 325.07 654.69
Total outflow (` crores) 457.97 457.97 457.97 912.92 2,282.29 4,569.12
2008-09
Number of shares (crores) 97.86 97.86 97.86 97.86 - 97.86
Dividend per share (`) 3.00 3.00 3.00 5.00 - 14.00
Dividend amount (` crores) 293.58 293.58 293.58 489.31 - 1,370.05
Dividend tax (` crores) 49.89 49.89 49.89 83.15 - 232.82
Total outflow (` crores) 343.47 343.47 343.47 572.46 - 1,602.87
54
Annual Report 2010-11
Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares
of ` 100.00 crores was ` 11.00 crores and dividend tax
` 1.78 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 17.00 crores and dividend
tax ` 2.82 crores in fiscal 2010). The dividend payable on
the preference shares is 1.00% fixed component and a
variable component linked to the dividends paid out to
the equity shareholders.
FINANCIAL POSITION — UNCONSOLIDATED
Share capital
(` crores)
As at March
31,2011
As at March
31,2010
Authorised share
capital 325.00 325.00
Issued, subscribed and
paid-up share capital 295.72 295.72
The issued, subscribed and paid-up share capital as at
March 31, 2011 comprised 195.72 crores equity shares
of ` 1/- each and 100.00 crores cumulative redeemable
preference shares of ` 1/- each , the same balances stood
as at the March 31, 2010.
Reserves and surplus
The balance in the Securities premium account as at
March 31, 2011 was ` 1,918.47 crores (` 1,918.47 crores
as at March 31, 2010).
Gener al r es er ve as at Mar ch 31, 2010 was
` 2,426.14 crores. On transfer of 10.00% of the profit
after tax in fiscal 2011 amounting to ` 757.00 crores
(` 561.85 crores in fiscal 2010), the General reserve as at
March 31, 2011 increased to ` 3,183.14 crores.
Bal ance i n the profit and l oss account as at
Mar ch 31, 2011 was at ` 14, 069. 20 cr or es
(` 10,458.13 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Foreign currency translation reserve was ` 101.61 crores
as at March 31, 2011 (` 94.98 crores as at March 31, 2010).
The bal ance i n hedgi ng reserve account as at
March 31, 2011 showed an accumulated balance of
` 11.35 crores (accumulated loss of ` 76.82 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
Reserves and surplus grew due to accretion of profits and
as at March 31, 2011 was `19,283.77 crores, an increase
of 30.11% over ` 14,820.90 crores, as at March 31, 2010.
Loans
Secured loans as at March 31, 2011 aggregated
` 35.87 crores (` 29.25 crores as at March 31, 2010) due
to finance lease obligations which are secured against
fixed assets. For details refer to obligation under finance
lease (note 7 to Schedule Q in unconsolidated notes to
accounts).
Unsecured l oans stood at ` 5. 25 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 6.49 crores as at March 31, 2010). Out of the
unsecured loans, ` 1.25 crores is repayable within one year
(` 1.25 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Deferred tax liability (net) and deferred tax assets
(net)
As stated in the accounting policy (see notes to
accounts (unconsolidated), schedule Q1 (k)), deferred
tax assets and liabilities are offset, tax jurisdiction-wise.
Schedule ‘E’ of the balance sheet brings out details of
component-wise deferred tax balances where the net
values result into liabilities or assets, jurisdiction-wise.
Deferred tax liabilities are created against certain
items such as foreign branch profit and depreciation.
The net deferred tax liability was ` 69.32 crores as at
March 31, 2011(` 40.10 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Deferred tax assets are created against certain items such
as employee benefits, depreciation and provision for
doubtful debts. As at March 31, 2011, the net deferred
tax asset had a balance of ` 52.03 crores (` 53.13 crores
as at March 31, 2010).
The Company assesses the likelihood of deferred tax
assets getting recovered from future taxable income.
Fixed assets
Ad d i t i o n t o t h e g r o s s b l o c k e x c l u d i n g
Capital-Work-in-Progress (CWIP) in fiscal 2011 amounted to
` 1,202.72 crores (` 571.42 crores in fiscal 2010). The
significant additions in fiscal 2011 were:
x Land and buildings ` 280.69 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 161.65 crores in fiscal 2010)
x Leasehold improvements ` 98.54 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 49.45 crores in fiscal 2010)
x Comput er s ` 490. 29 cr or es i n f i s cal 2011
(` 179.37 crores in fiscal 2010)
x Office equipment, electrical installations, and
furniture and fixtures ` 269.39 crores in fiscal 2011
(` 178.00 crores in fiscal 2010).
The amount of CWIP of ` 1,345.37 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 940.72 crores as at March 31, 2010)
mostly relates to construction / improvement of facilities
which are expected to be ready for use during fiscal 2012
and beyond.
The Company entered into contractual commitments with
vendors who are executing various infrastructure projects.
55
The estimated amount of such contracts remaining to be
executed on capital account was ` 1,132.27 crores as at
March 31, 2011(` 1,115.02 crores as at March 31, 2010).
The Company has embarked on a large scale infrastructure
development across various locations in India to meet its
growing business needs. The Company has successfully
put in place a state-of-the-art facility at Chennai for a
significant capacity of 25,000 seats. The Company has also
initiated construction of large delivery centers across 11
locations in India in order to create additional 1,75,000
seats. Many of these locations are notified as Special
Economic Zones.
The number of seats avai l abl e i n I ndi a as at
March 31, 2011 was 1,28,572 (1,09,105 seats as at
March 31, 2010).
Investments
(` crores)
Investments
As at
March 31,
2011
As at
March 31,
2010
Trade investments,
bonds and debentures 5,799.78 5,769.93
Investments in mutual
funds 4.00 2,123.46
Total investments 5,803.78 7,893.39
Less: provi si on for
diminution in value of
investments (8.29) -
Net investments 5,795.49 7,893.39
The Company’s trade investments made over the
years till date shows a balance of ` 5,795.49 crores.
Investment in mutual funds decreased substantially to
` 4.00 crores as at March 31, 2011 from ` 2,123.46 crores as at
March 31, 2010. Correspondingly, fixed deposits with
banks registered substantial increase. This was in line
with the Company’s strategy for optimum utilisation of
surplus cash.
The Company’s Investments in debentures, bonds,
preference shares and trade investments as at March
31, 2011 was ` 5,799.78 crores (` 5,769.93 crores as at
March 31, 2010). The amount of trade investments made
during fiscal 2011 aggregated to ` 57.06 crores.
The Company’ trade related investments during
fiscal 2011 are shown in the table:
Investments Details
TCS e-Serve
Limited
During fiscal 2011, the Company
received ` 27.33 crores against release
of an indemnification obligation.
This amount has been adjusted
against the cost of the investment.
Retail FullServe
Limited
During fiscal 2011, the Company
acquired 100% equity share capital
of SUPERVALU Services India Private
Limited (renamed as Retail Full
Serve Limited) for a consideration of
` 36.17 crores.
MahaOnline
Limited
During fiscal 2011, the Company
subscribed to 74.00% of the equity
share capital of Maha Online Limited
for a consideration of ` 1.89 crores.
Taj Air Limited
During fiscal 2011, the Company
subscribed to 1,90,00,000 shares of
Taj Air Limited for a consideration
of ` 19.00 crores.
Current assets, loans and advances
Unbilled Revenues
Unbi l l ed revenues were ` 836. 37 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 646.96 crores as at March 31, 2010)
representing 2.86% of the revenues for fiscal 2011
(2.81% for fiscal 2010).
Sundry debtors
Sundry debtors as at March 31, 2011 aggregated
` 4,806.67 crores (` 3,332.30 crores as at March 31, 2010).
As a percentage of revenues, sundry debtors were at
16.42% as at March 31, 2011 compared to 14.46% as at
March 31, 2010.
Cash and bank balances
The Company had cash and bank bal ances of
` 5, 604. 52 c r or es as at Mar c h 31, 2011
(` 3,396.16 crores as at March 31, 2010). The balances
with scheduled banks (including bank deposits
and remittances in transit) in India aggregated
` 5, 412. 82 c r or es as at Mar c h 31, 2011
(` 3,214.05 crores as at March 31, 2010). This increase
in deposits with scheduled banks was in line with
the investment strategy adopted by the Company. The
56
Annual Report 2010-11
balances with overseas banks were ` 190.94 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 181.39 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Loans and advances
Loans and advances as at March 31, 2011 were
` 4, 110.41 crores (` 3,385.11 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Significant items of loans and advances were:
x Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to
be received ` 1,968.86 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 1,538.62 crores as at March 31, 2010)
x Advance t ax ( net of pr ovi s i on f or t axes )
` 513.89 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 183.50 crores as at
March 31, 2010).
Current liabilities
Current liabilities increased to ` 3,863.07 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 3,312.64 crores as at March 31, 2010).
The increase was primarily due to:
x Sundr y cr edi t or s ` 2, 864. 53 cr or es as at
Mar c h 31, 2011( ` 2, 426. 32 c r or es as at
March 31, 2010)
x Advanc e bi l l i ngs and def er r ed r evenues
` 557.34 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 492.15 crores
as at March 31, 2010)
x Ot he r l i a bi l i t i e s ` 3 1 7 . 3 7 c r or e s a s a t
Ma r c h 3 1 , 2 0 1 1 ( ` 2 7 8 . 7 5 c r or e s a s a t
March 31, 2010). Other liabilities include fair values
of foreign exchange forward and currency option
contracts ` 54.69 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 121.90 crores as at March 31, 2010).
Provisions
Provi si ons aggregated ` 2, 490. 11 crores as at
March 31, 2011 (` 3,926.61 crores as at March 31, 2010).
The decrease was mainly attributable to:
x Proposed fi nal di vi dend on equi ty shares
` 1, 565. 78 c r or es as at Mar c h 31, 2011
(` 2,740.11 crores as at March 31, 2010)
x Tax on dividend ` 255.79 crores as at March 31, 2011
(` 457.92 crores as at March 31, 2010)
x Current i ncome taxes (net of advance tax)
` 182.09 crores as at March 31, 2011 (` 263.45 crores
as at March 31, 2010).
CASH FLOW — UNCONSOLIDATED
The Company’s growth has been financed largely by cash
generated from operations. The Company has sufficient
cash generated from operations for meeting its working
capital requirements as well as the requirements for
capital expenditure.
Banking and financing arrangements
As at March 31, 2011, the Company had available
lines of credit with multiple bankers aggregating
` 2,104.00 crores interchangeable between fund-based
and non-fund based limits (` 1,920.00 crores as at
March 31, 2010). As at March 31, 2011 the Company
had uti l i sed ` 1, 182. 73 crores of these l i mi ts
(` 809.49 crores utilised as at March 31, 2010). The available
unutilised facility as at March 31, 2011 was ` 921.27 crores
(` 1,110.51 crores as at March 31, 2010). In addition the
Company had a separate, additional one-off banking
limit of GBP 98.1 million in UK, which is fully utilised
for bank guarantee issued in favour of our subsidiary
company in UK.
Summary of cash flow statement is given below
(` crores)
Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010
Cash and cash
equivalents at
beginning of the year 293.28 540.65
Net cash provided by
operating activities 5,741.28 6,264.74
Net cash used in
investing activities (863.16) (4,556.64)
Net cash used in
financing activities (4,605.61) (1,969.65)
Net increase /
(decrease) in cash and
cash equivalents 272.51 (261.55)
Exchange difference
on translation of
foreign currency cash
and cash equivalents 11.39 14.18
Cash and cash
equivalents at end of
the year 577.18 293.28
Deposits with original
maturity over three
months 5,020.00 3,097.97
Restricted cash 7.34 4.91
Cash and bank
balances at the end
of the year 5,604.52 3,396.16
57
Cash flow from operations
(` crores)
Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010
Operating profit
before working
capital changes 8,587.85 6,629.21
Effect of working
capital changes (1,366.23) 807.93
Cash generated from
operations 7,221.62 7,437.14
Tax payments made (1,480.34) (1,172.40)
Net cash provided
by operating
activities 5,741.28 6,264.74
In fiscal 2011, the Company generated net cash of
` 5,741.28 crores (` 6,264.74 crores in fiscal 2010) from
operating activities.
The primary reason for decrease in the operating cash
flow in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 was on
account of additional working capital requirements.
Cash flow from investing activities
(` crores)
Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010
Purchase of fixed
assets (net) (1,584.08) (816.27)
Sale /(Purchase) of
other investments
(net of mutual fund
dividends) 2,136.01 (1,759.83)
Purchase of fixed
deposits with banks
having maturity more
than 3 months (1,922.03) (2,037.81)
Others 506.94 57.27
Net cash used in
investing activities (863.16) (4,556.64)
In fiscal 2011, the Company used ` 863.16 crores in
investing activities (` 4, 556.64 crores in fiscal 2010).
The significant items of investing activities were:
x Purchase of fixed assets (net) ` 1,584.08 crores in
fiscal 2011 (` 816.27 crores in fiscal 2010).
x Sale of investments (primarily mutual funds)
` 2, 136. 01 crores i n fi scal 2011 ( purchase
` 1,759.83 crores in fiscal 2010).
x Interest on deposits received in fiscal 2011 of
` 349.42 crores (` 91.21 crores in fiscal 2010)
included in ‘Others’.
Cash flow from financing activities
(` crores)
Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010
Dividend paid
(including dividend
tax) (4,584.38) (1,954.57)
Repayments of
borrowings (net) (1.24) (5.30)
Interest paid (19.99) (9.78)
Net cash used in
financing activities (4,605.61) (1,969.65)
In fiscal 2011, the Company used ` 4,605.61 crores in
financing activities (` 1,969.65 crores in fiscal 2010).
In fiscal 2011, the significant item of cash used
in financing activities was payment of dividend
` 4,584.38 crores including dividend tax (` 1,954.57 crores
in fiscal 2010).
INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY
The Company has in place adequate systems of internal
control commensurate with its size and the nature of
its operations. These have been designed to provide
reasonable assurance with regard to recording and
providing reliable financial and operational information,
complying with applicable statutes, safeguarding assets
from unauthorised use or losses, executing transactions
with proper authorisation and ensuring compliance of
corporate policies.
The Company has a well defined delegation of power
with authority limits for approving revenues as well as
expenditure. Processes for formulating and reviewing
annual and long term business plans have been laid
down. The Company uses a state-of-the-art ERP system
to record data for accounting, consolidation and
management information purposes and connects to
different locations for efficient exchange of information.
It has continued its efforts to align all its processes and
controls with global best practices.
The Company has appointed Ernst and Young Private
Limited to oversee and carry out internal audit of the
Company’s activities. The audit is based on an internal
audit plan, which is reviewed each year in consultation
with the statutory auditors (M/s. Deloitte Haskins &
Sells) and the audit committee. In line with international
practice, the planning and conduct of internal audit
is oriented towards the review of controls in the
58
Annual Report 2010-11
management of risks and opportunities in the Company’s
activities. The internal audit process is designed to review
the adequacy of internal control checks in the system and
covers all significant areas of the Company’s operations
such as software delivery, accounting and finance,
procurement, employee engagement, travel, insurance,
IT processes in the Company, including significant
subsidiaries and selected foreign branches. Safeguarding
of assets and their protection against unauthorised use
are also a part of these exercises.
The Company has an audit committee, the details of which
have been provided in the Corporate Governance Report.
The audit committee reviews audit reports submitted by
the internal auditors. Suggestions for improvement are
considered and the audit committee follows up on the
implementation of corrective actions. The Committee
also meets the Company’s statutory auditors to ascertain,
inter alia, their views on the adequacy of internal control
systems in the Company and keeps the Board of Directors
informed of its major observations from time to time.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT
Certain statements made in the Management Discussion
and Analysis Report relating to the Company’s objectives,
projections, outlook, expectations, estimates and others
may constitute ‘forward looking statements’ within the
meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results
may differ from such expectations, projections and so on
whether express or implied. Several factors could make
significant difference to the Company’s operations. These
include climatic conditions and economic conditions
affecting demand and supply, government regulations
and taxation, natural calamities and so on over which the
Company does not have any direct control.
59
Corporate Governance Report for the year 2010-11
I. Company’s Philosophy on Corporate Governance
Corporate governance helps to serve corporate purposes by providing a framework within which stakeholders
can pursue the objectives of the organisation most effectively. Corporate governance signifies acceptance by
management of the inalienable rights of shareholders as the true owners of the organisation and of their own
role as trustees on behalf of the shareholders.
By combining ethical values with business acumen, globalisation with national interests and core business with
emerging business, the Company aims to be amongst the largest and most respected global organisations. The
Company will continue to focus its resources, strengths and strategies to achieve its vision of becoming a truly
global leader in software services, while upholding the core values of excellence, integrity, responsibility, unity
and understanding, which are fundamental to the Tata companies.
The Company has a strong legacy of fair, transparent and ethical governance practices. The Company has adopted
a Code of Conduct for its employees including the Managing Director and the Executive Directors. In addition,
the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its Non-Executive Directors. Both these codes are available
on the Company’s website. The Company’s corporate governance philosophy has been further strengthened
through the Tata Business Excellence Model, the Tata Code of Conduct for Prevention of Insider Trading, as also
the Code of Corporate Disclosure Practices.
The Company has in place an Information Security Policy that ensures proper utilisation of IT resources.
The Company is in compliance with the requirements of the guidelines on corporate governance stipulated under
Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges. With the adoption of a Whistle Blower Policy
and the setting up of a Nominations Committee and an Executive Committee of the Directors, the Company
has moved ahead in its pursuit of excellence in corporate governance.
II. Board of Directors
(i) As on March 31, 2011, the Company has twelve Directors with a Non-Executive Chairman and a
Non-Executive Vice Chairman. Of the twelve Directors, nine (i.e. 75.00%) are Non-Executive Directors and
six (i.e. 50.00%) are Independent Directors. The composition of the Board is in conformity with Clause 49
of the Listing Agreements entered into with the Stock Exchanges.
(ii) None of the Directors on the Board, are Members of more than ten Committees or Chairman of more
than five Committees across all the companies in which they are Directors. Necessary disclosures regarding
Committee positions in other public companies as on March 31, 2011 have been made by the Directors.
(iii) The names and categories of the Directors on the Board, their attendance at Board Meetings held during
the year and the number of Directorships and Committee Chairmanships/Memberships held by them
in other companies are given herein below. Other directorships do not include alternate directorships,
directorships of private limited companies, Section 25 companies and of companies incorporated outside
India. Chairmanships/Memberships of Board Committees include only Audit and Shareholders/Investors
Grievance Committees.
60
Annual Report 2010-11
Name of the Director Category Number of Board
Meetings during
the year 2010-11
Whether
attended
last AGM
held on
July 2, 2010
Number of
Directorships
in other Public
Companies
Number of
Committee positions
held in other Public
Companies
Held Attended Chairman Member Chairman Member
Mr. R. N. Tata
(Chairman)
DIN 00000001
Non-
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 6* Yes 9 1 - -
Mr. S. Ramadorai
(Vice-Chairman)
DIN 00000002
Non-
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 7 Yes 6 6 4 4
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran
(Chief Executive Officer
and Managing Director)
DIN 00121863
Non-
Independent,
Executive
7 7 Yes 1 2 - 1
Mr. Aman Mehta
DIN 00009364
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 6* Yes - 6 2 4
Mr. V. Thyagarajan
DIN 00017541
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 6* Yes - 1 - 1
Prof. Clayton M.
Christensen
DIN 00020111
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 1** No - - - -
Dr. Ron Sommer
DIN 00621387
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 5*** Yes - 1 - -
Mrs. Laura M. Cha
DIN 00909210
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 6 Yes - - - -
Mr. S. Mahalingam
(Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director)
DIN 00121727
Non-
Independent,
Executive
7 7 Yes 1 3 1 -
Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala
(Executive Director)
DIN 01778976
Non-
Independent,
Executive
7 7 Yes - 2 - 1
Dr. Vijay Kelkar

DIN 00011991
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 7 Yes 3 4 - 1
Mr. Ishaat Hussain
DIN 00027891
Non-
Independent,
Non-Executive
7 7 Yes 2 11 3 5
* In addition to attending six meetings, he participated in one meeting over teleconference.
** In addition to attending one meeting, he participated in five meetings over teleconference.
*** In addition to attending five meetings, he participated in one meeting over teleconference.
No sitting fee has been paid for participation over teleconference.
(iv) Seven Board Meetings were held during the year and the gap between two meetings did not exceed four
months. The dates on which the said Meetings were held are as follows:
April 19, 2010; July 2, 2010; July 15, 2010; September 3, 2010; October 21, 2010; January 17, 2011 and
March 18, 2011.
The necessary quorum was present for all the meetings.
(v) None of the Non-Executive Directors have any material pecuniary relationship or transactions with the
Company.
61
(vi) During the year 2010-11, information as mentioned in Annexure 1A to Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements
has been placed before the Board for its consideration.
(vii) Scheduling and selection of Agenda items for Board Meetings:
All departments of the Company schedule their work plans in advance, particularly with regard to matters
requiring consideration at the Board/Committee meetings. All such matters are communicated to the
Company Secretary in advance so that the same could be included in the Agenda for the Board/Committee
meetings.
(viii) Post meeting follow-up mechanism:
The important decisions taken at the Board/Committee meetings are promptly communicated to the
concerned departments. Action Taken Report on the decisions/minutes of the previous meeting is placed
at the succeeding meeting of the Board/Committee for noting.
III. Audit Committee
(i) The Audit Committee of the Company is constituted in line with the provisions of Clause 49 of the Listing
Agreements with the Stock Exchanges read with Section 292A of the Companies Act, 1956.
(ii) The terms of reference of the Audit Committee are broadly as under:
º Overview o! Ihe Compahy's !hahcial reporIihg process ahd Ihe disclosure o! iIs !hahcial ih!ormaIioh
to ensure that the financial statements reflect a true and fair position and that sufficient and credible
information is disclosed.
º Recommehdihg Ihe appoihImehI ahd removal o! exIerhal audiIors, !xaIioh o! audiI !ee ahd also
approval for payment for any other services.
º Discussioh wiIh Ihe exIerhal audiIors be!ore Ihe audiI commehces, o! Ihe haIure ahd scope o! audiI
as well as post-audit discussion to ascertain any area of concern.
º Reviewihg Ihe !hahcial sIaIemehIs ahd dra!I audiI reporI, ihcludihg Ihe quarIerly/hal!-yearly !hahcial
information.
º Reviewihg wiIh Ihe mahagemehI Ihe ahhual !hahcial sIaIemehIs be!ore submissioh Io Ihe 8oard,
focusing primarily on:
¾ any changes in accounting policies and practices;
¾ major accounting entries based on exercise of judgment by management;
¾ qualifications in draft audit report;
¾ significant adjustments arising out of audit;
¾ the going concern assumption;
¾ compliance with accounting standards;
¾ compliance with stock exchange and legal requirements concerning financial statements;
¾ any related party transactions as per Accounting Standard 18.
º Reviewihg Ihe Compahy's !hahcial ahd risk mahagemehI policies.
º Disclosure o! cohIihgehI liabiliIies.
º Reviewihg wiIh Ihe mahagemehI, exIerhal ahd ihIerhal audiIors, Ihe adequacy o! ihIerhal cohIrol
systems.
º Reviewihg Ihe adequacy o! ihIerhal audiI !uhcIioh, ihcludihg Ihe audiI charIer, Ihe sIrucIure o! Ihe
internal audit department, approval of the audit plan and its execution, staffing and seniority of
the official heading the department, reporting structure, coverage and frequency of internal audit.
62
Annual Report 2010-11
º Discussioh wiIh ihIerhal audiIors o! ahy sighi!cahI !hdihgs ahd !ollow-up Ihereoh.
º Reviewihg Ihe !hdihgs o! ahy ihIerhal ihvesIigaIiohs by Ihe ihIerhal audiIors ihIo maIIers where
there is suspected fraud or irregularity or a failure of internal control systems of a material nature
and reporting the matter to the Board.
º Lookihg ihIo Ihe reasohs !or subsIahIial de!aulIs ih paymehIs Io Ihe deposiIors, debehIureholders,
shareholders (in case of non-payment of declared dividends) and creditors.
º Reviewihg compliahces as regards Ihe Compahy's WhisIle 8lower Policy.
(iii) The Audit Committee invites such of the executives, as it considers appropriate (particularly the head of the
finance function), representatives of the Statutory Auditors and representatives of the Internal Auditors
to be present at its meetings. The Company Secretary acts as the Secretary to the Audit Committee.
(iv) The previous Annual General Meeting of the Company was held on July 2, 2010 and was attended by
Mr. Aman Mehta, Chairman of the Audit Committee.
(v) The composition of the Audit Committee and the details of meetings attended by its members are given
below:
Name Category
Number of Meetings during
the year 2010-11
Held Attended
Mr. Aman Mehta
(Chairman)
Independent, Non-Executive 7 6*
Mr. V. Thyagarajan Independent, Non-Executive 7 6*
Dr. Ron Sommer Independent, Non-Executive 7 5**
Dr. Vijay Kelkar
#
Independent, Non-Executive 6
@
6
Mr. Ishaat Hussain
#
Non-Independent, Non-Executive 6
@
6
* In addition to attending six meetings, he participated in one meeting over teleconference.
** In addition to attending five meetings, he participated in one meeting over teleconference.
# Appointed as Member of the Committee w.e.f. April 19, 2010.
@ Details provided from the date of appointment.
No sitting fee has been paid for participation over teleconference.
(vi) Seven Audit Committee Meetings were held during the year. The dates on which the said meetings were
held are as follows:
April 19, 2010; July 2, 2010; July 15, 2010; September 3, 2010; October 21, 2010; January 17, 2011 and
March 18, 2011.
The necessary quorum was present for all the meetings.
IV. Remuneration Committee
(i) The Company has a Remuneration Committee of Directors.
(ii) The broad terms of reference of the Remuneration Committee are as under:
º 1o approve Ihe ahhual remuheraIioh plah o! Ihe Compahy,
º 1o approve Ihe remuheraIioh ahd commissioh/ihcehIive remuheraIioh payable Io Ihe Mahagihg
Director for each financial year;
º 1o approve Ihe remuheraIioh ahd ahhual per!ormahce bohus payable Io Ihe Chie! Fihahcial O!!cer
and the Executive Vice Presidents of the Company for each financial year;
º Such oIher maIIers as Ihe 8oard may !rom Iime Io Iime requesI Ihe RemuheraIioh CommiIIee Io
examine and recommend/approve.
63
(iii) The composition of the Remuneration Committee and the details of meetings attended by its members
are given below:
Name Category
Number of Meetings during
the year 2010-11
Held Attended
Mr. Aman Mehta
(Chairman)
Independent, Non-Executive 2 2
Mr. R. N. Tata Non-Independent, Non-Executive 2 2
Mr. S. Ramadorai Non-Independent, Non-Executive 2 2
Mr. V. Thyagarajan Independent, Non-Executive 2 2
(iv) Meetings of the Remuneration Committee were held during the year on April 30, 2010 and
March 18, 2011.
(v) The Company does not have any Employee Stock Option Scheme.
(vi) Remuneration Policy:
The Company’s remuneration policy is driven by the success and performance of the individual employee
and the Company. Through its compensation programme, the Company endeavors to attract, retain,
develop and motivate a high performance workforce. The Company follows a compensation mix of
fixed pay, benefits and Economic Value Added Analysis based variable pay. Individual performance pay
is determined by business performance and the performance of the individuals measured through the
annual appraisal process.
The Company pays remuneration by way of salary, benefits, perquisites and allowances (fixed component)
and commission (variable component) to its Managing Director and the Executive Directors. Annual
increments are decided by the Remuneration Committee within the salary scale approved by the members
and are effective April 1, each year. The Remuneration Committee decides on the commission payable to
the Managing Director and the Executive Directors out of the profits for the financial year and within the
ceilings prescribed under the Companies Act, 1956, based on the performance of the Company as well as
that of the Managing Director and each Executive Director.
During the year 2010-11, the Company paid sitting fees of Rupees Ten thousand per meeting to its
Non-Executive Directors for attending meetings of the Board and meetings of Committees of the Board.
The Members have at the Annual General Meeting of the Company on June 30, 2009 approved of payment
of commission to the Non-Executive Directors within the ceiling of 1% of the net profits of the Company
as computed under the applicable provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The said commission is decided
each year by the Board of Directors and distributed amongst the Non-Executive Directors based on their
attendance and contribution at the Board and certain Committee meetings, as well as the time spent on
operational matters other than at meetings. The Company also reimburses the out-of-pocket expenses
incurred by the Directors for attending the meetings.
64
Annual Report 2010-11
(vii) Details of the Remuneration for the year ended March 31, 2011:
(a) Non-Executive Directors
Name Commission
(` Lakh)
Sitting Fees
(` Lakh)
Mr. R. N. Tata 240.00 0.80
Mr. S. Ramadorai 160.00 1.10
Mr. Aman Mehta 100.00 1.40
Mr. V. Thyagarajan 82.50 1.60
Prof. Clayton M. Christensen 40.00 0.10
Dr. Ron Sommer 82.50 1.00
Mrs. Laura M. Cha 35.00 0.70
Dr. Vijay Kelkar 60.00 1.30
Mr. Ishaat Hussain Nil 1.40
(b) Managing Director and Executive Directors
Name of Director and period of
appointment
Salary
(` Lakh)
Benefits
Perquisites and
Allowances
(` Lakh)
Commission
(` Lakh)
ESPS
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
(w.e.f. October 6, 2009 for a period of 5 years)
60.96 69.43 400.00 Nil
Mr. S. Mahalingam
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director
(w.e.f. September 6, 2007 for a period of
5 years)
45.72 43.86 195.00 Nil
Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala
Executive Director
(w.e.f. September 7, 2007 for a period of
5 years)
38.86 35.88 115.00 Nil
The above figures do not include (a) provisions for encashable leave, gratuity and premium paid
for Group Health Insurance as separate actuarial valuation/premium paid are not available for the
Managing Director and Executive Directors and (b) retirement benefits of ` 84.40 lakh to the former
Managing Director.
Services of the Managing Director and Executive Directors may be terminated by either party giving
the other party six months’ notice or the Company paying six months’ salary in lieu thereof. There
is no separate provision for payment of severance fees.
(viii) Details of shares of the Company held by the Directors as on March 31, 2011 are given below:
Name Number of shares
Mr. R. N. Tata 15,23,256
Mr. S. Ramadorai 1,99,120
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran 88,528
Mr. S. Mahalingam 1,61,680
Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala 80,000
Mr. Ishaat Hussain 1,740
The Company has not issued any convertible debentures.
65
V. Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee
(i) The Company has a Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee of Directors to look into the redressal of
complaints of investors such as transfer or credit of shares, non-receipt of dividend/notices/annual reports,
etc.
(ii) One meeting of the Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee was held during the year on
March 18, 2011.
(iii) The composition of the Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee and the details of meetings attended
by its members are given below:
Name Category
Number of Meetings during
the year 2010-11
Held Attended
Mrs. Laura M. Cha
(Chairperson)
Independent, Non-Executive 1 1
Mr. S. Ramadorai Non-Independent, Non-Executive 1 1
Mr. V. Thyagarajan Independent, Non-Executive 1 1
(iv) The Company has always valued its customer relationships. This philosophy has been extended to investor
relationship and an Investor Relations Department (IRD) was set up in June 2004, prior to the Company’s
Initial Public Offer of shares. The IRD focuses on servicing the needs of investors, analysts, brokers and the
general public.
(v) Name, designation and address of Compliance Officer:
Mr. Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Vice President and Company Secretary
Tata Consultancy Services Limited
11
th
Floor, Air India Building
Nariman Point
Mumbai 400 021
Telephone: 91 22 6778 9285
Fax: 91 22 6630 3672
(vi) Details of investor complaints received and redressed during the year 2010-11 are as follows:
Opening Balance Received
during the year
Resolved during
the year
Closing Balance
- 355 355 -
VI. Other Committees
(i) Ethics and Compliance Committee:
In terms of the Company’s Code of Conduct for Prevention of Insider Trading and Code of Corporate
Disclosure Practices (Insider Trading Code), applicable to the Directors, officers and other employees, the
Company has an Ethics and Compliance Committee of Directors. The Committee considers matters relating
to the Insider Trading Code and also considers matters relating to the Company’s Code of Conduct (CoC).
Monthly Reports are sent to the members of the Committee on matters relating to the Insider Trading
Code and the CoC. One meeting of the Ethics and Compliance Committee was held during the year
on January 17, 2011.
66
Annual Report 2010-11
The composition of the Ethics and Compliance Committee and details of the meetings attended by its
members are given below:
Name Category
Number of Meetings during
the year 2010-11
Held Attended
Mr. S. Ramadorai Non-Independent, Non-Executive 1 1
Mr. V. Thyagarajan Independent, Non-Executive 1 1
The Board has in 2004 appointed Mr. S. Mahalingam, Chief Financial Officer as the Compliance Officer to
ensure compliance and effective implementation of the Insider Trading Code.
(ii) Bank Account Committee:
The Company has a Bank Account Committee of Directors to approve of the opening and closing of
bank accounts of the Company and to authorise persons to operate the bank accounts of the Company.
The Committee comprises of Mr. Aman Mehta (Independent, Non-Executive), Mr. N. Chandrasekaran
(Non-Independent, Executive) and Mr. S. Mahalingam (Non-Independent, Executive).
(iii) Nominations Committee:
The Company has a Nominations Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. V. Thyagarajan (Independent,
Non-Executive) as the Chairman, Mr. R. N. Tata (Non-Independent, Non-Executive) and Prof. Clayton M.
Christensen (Independent, Non-Executive).
The Nominations Committee is responsible for making recommendations regarding the composition of
the Board and in this regard shall identify Independent Directors to be inducted to the Board and take
steps to refresh the composition of the Board from time to time.
(iv) Executive Committee:
The Company has an Executive Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. R. N. Tata (Non-Independent,
Non-Executive) as the Chairman, Mr. S. Ramadorai (Non-Independent, Non-Executive), Prof. Clayton
M. Christensen (Independent, Non-Executive), Dr. Ron Sommer (Independent, Non-Executive) and
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent, Executive). The Executive Committee’s role covers a detailed
review of the following matters before these are presented to the Board:
º 8usihess ahd sIraIegy review,
º Lohg-Ierm !hahcial pro|ecIiohs ahd cash !ows,
º CapiIal ahd revehue budgeIs ahd capiIal expehdiIure programmes,
º AcquisiIiohs, divesImehIs ahd busihess resIrucIurihg proposals,
º Sehior mahagemehI successioh plahhihg,
º Ahy oIher iIem as may be decided by Ihe 8oard.
The above matters were discussed in various Board meetings held during the year with the presence of
the Executive Committee members with an intent to avail expertise of all the Board members.
(v) Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)/Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Committee:
The Company has a Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)/Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Committee
of Directors comprising of Mr. V. Thyagarajan (Independent, Non-Executive), Mr. N. Chandrasekaran
(Non-Independent, Executive) and Mr. S. Mahalingam (Non-Independent, Executive). The STPI/SEZ
Committee is responsible for approval from time to time, registration/renewal of registration/de-registration
of various offices of the Company under the STPI/SEZ schemes and such other schemes as may be deemed
fit by them, and also approve of other STPI/SEZ/other scheme(s) related matters.
67
(vi) Risk Management Committee:
The Company has a Risk Management Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. Ishaat Hussain
(Non-I ndependent, Non-Executi ve), Mr. S. Ramadorai (Non-I ndependent, Non-Executi ve),
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent, Executive) and Mr. S. Mahalingam (Non-Independent, Executive).
The Risk Management Committee is responsible for advising the Company on foreign exchange matters
and framing the broad guidelines for investment of surplus funds of the Company.
A Meeting of the Risk Management Committee was held on January 12, 2011 which was attended by
Mr. Ishaat Hussain, Mr. N. Chandrasekaran and Mr. S. Mahalingam. In addition to this, Mr. Ishaat Hussain
and Mr. S. Mahalingam met the Company Management on April 23, 2010, May 7, 2010, July 7, 2010 and
December 2, 2010 to review the developments in the currency market and the hedging operations.
VII. General Body Meetings
(i) General Meeting
(a) Annual General Meeting:
Details Date Time Venue
Annual General
Meeting 2007-08
July 1, 2008
3.30 p.m.
Birla Matushri Sabhagar,
19, Sir Vithaldas Thackersey Marg,
New Marine Lines,
Mumbai – 400 020
Annual General
Meeting 2008-09
June 30, 2009
Annual General
Meeting 2009-10
July 2, 2010
(b) Extraordinary General Meeting:
No Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members was held during the year 2010-11.
(ii) Postal Ballot
No Postal Ballot was conducted during the year 2010-11.
(iii) Special Resolutions
At the Annual General Meeting of the Company held on June 30, 2009, a Special Resolution was passed for
the payment of commission to the non-whole-time Directors of the Company. The resolution was passed
with the requisite majority.
At the Annual General Meeting of the Company held on July 2, 2010, a Special Resolution was passed
for alteration of the Articles of Association of the Company revising the limit for maximum number of
Directors in the Company to fifteen. The resolution was passed with the requisite majority.
VIII. Disclosures
(i) There are no materially significant related party transactions of the Company which have potential conflict
with the interests of the Company at large.
(ii) Details of non-compliance by the Company, penalties, strictures imposed on the Company by the Stock
Exchanges or SEBI or any statutory authority, on any matter related to capital markets, during the last
three years 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2010-11 respectively: NIL
(iii) The Company has fulfilled the following non-mandatory requirements as prescribed in Annexure I D to
the Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges:
(a) The Company has set up a Remuneration Committee, details of which have been given earlier in
this Report.
(b) A communication on the half-yearly financial performance of the Company including a summary of
the significant events in the six month period ended September 30, 2010 was sent to every Member
in October 2010.
68
Annual Report 2010-11
(c) The statutory financial statements of the Company are unqualified.
(d) The Company has adopted a Whistle Blower Policy and has established the necessary mechanism for
employees to report concerns about unethical behaviour. No person has been denied access to the
Audit Committee.
(iv) Secretarial Audit
A qualified practicing Company Secretary carried out secretarial audit to reconcile the total admitted
equity share capital with the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and the Central Depository
Services (India) Limited (CDSL) and the total issued and listed equity share capital. The secretarial audit
report confirms that the total issued/paid-up capital is in agreement with the total number of shares in
physical form and the total number of dematerialised shares held with NSDL and CDSL.
IX. Means of Communication
The quarterly, half-yearly and annual results of the Company are published in leading newspapers in
India which include The Indian Express, Financial Express, Deccan Chronicle, Lok Satta, Business Standard,
The Hindu Business Line, Hindustan Times and Sandesh. The results are also displayed on the Company’s website
“www.tcs.com”. Half-yearly results have been sent to the Members along with a message from the Managing
Director on the Company’s performance during the half-year ended September 30, 2010. Press Releases made
by the Company from time to time are also displayed on the Company’s website. Presentations made to the
institutional investors and analysts after the declaration of the quarterly, half-yearly and annual results are
displayed on the Company’s website. A Management Discussion and Analysis Statement is a part of the Company’s
Annual Report.
X. General Shareholder Information
(i) Annual General Meeting:
Date : July 1, 2011
Time : 3:30 p.m.
Venue : Birla Matushri Sabhagar
19, Sir Vithaldas Thackersey Marg
New Marine Lines, Mumbai 400 020
As required under Clause 49(IV)(G)(i) of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges, particulars of
Directors seeking appointment/re-appointment at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting (AGM) are
given in the Annexure to the Notice of the AGM to be held on July 1, 2011.
(ii) Financial Calendar:
Year ending : March 31
AGM in : July
Dividend Payment : The final dividend if declared, shall be paid/credited on
July 5, 2011.
(iii) Date of Book Closure/Record Date : As mentioned in the Notice of the AGM to be held on
July 1, 2011.
(iv) Listing on Stock Exchanges : National Stock Exchange of India Limited
Exchange Plaza, Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra(E), Mumbai 400 051
: Bombay Stock Exchange Limited
Floor 25, P. J. Towers, Dalal Street
Mumbai 400 001
(v) Stock Codes/Symbol:
National Stock Exchange of India Limited : TCS
Bombay Stock Exchange Limited : 532540
Listing Fees as applicable have been paid.
(vi) Corporate Identification Number (CIN)
of the Company : L22210MH1995PLC084781
69
(vii) Dividend Policy:
Dividends, other than interim dividend(s), are to be declared at the Annual General Meetings of
shareholders based on the recommendation of the Board of Directors. Generally, the factors that may be
considered by the Board of Directors before making any recommendations for dividend include, without
limitation, the Company’s future expansion plans and capital requirements, profits earned during the
fiscal year, cost of raising funds from alternate sources, liquidity position, applicable taxes including tax
on dividend, as well as exemptions under tax laws available to various categories of investors from time
to time and general market conditions. The Board of Directors may also from time to time pay interim
dividend(s) to shareholders.
(viii) Market Price Data:
High, Low (based on closing prices) and number of shares traded during each month in the financial year
2010-11 on National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange Limited:
Month National Stock Exchange
of India Limited
Bombay Stock Exchange
Limited
High
(`)
Low
(`)
Total Number
of Shares
Traded
High
(`)
Low
(`)
Total Number
of Shares
Traded
April 2010 821.70 759.75 4,66,88,033 820.65 759.70 64,82,257
May 2010 770.25 699.55 3,18,93,156 769.70 698.75 43,66,667
June 2010 787.70 733.05 2,71,73,888 787.35 735.15 32,63,975
July 2010 854.45 732.00 3,94,55,080 854.05 731.35 79,57,621
August 2010 879.85 832.05 2,75,70,578 878.25 833.10 46,56,158
September 2010 953.95 837.30 3,54,47,344 952.75 837.30 60,40,462
October 2010 1,066.95 940.90 3,72,01,142 1,063.65 940.75 61,64,277
November 2010 1,092.30 1,004.75 2,61,24,520 1,092.40 1,010.30 26,76,651
December 2010 1,170.20 1,072.60 2,83,52,371 1,167.85 1,072.60 32,72,889
January 2011 1,212.20 1,098.50 3,58,54,733 1,212.60 1,099.40 39,87,730
February 2011 1,183.70 1,089.60 3,57,48,233 1,184.80 1,089.40 39,16,850
March 2011 1,183.90 1,064.35 3,58,48,050 1,182.50 1,064.10 43,25,660
(ix) Performance of the share price of the Company in comparison to the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited
Sensex:
50.00
70 .00
90 .00
110.00
130.00
150.00
TCS Share Price and Sensex Movement
TCS Share Price Sensex
Base 100 = April 1, 2010
Apr-10 May-10 Jun-10 Jul-10 Aug-10 Sep-10 Oct-10 Nov-10 Dec-10 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11
70
Annual Report 2010-11
(x) Registrar and Transfer Agents:
Name and Address : TSR Darashaw Limited (TSRDL)
6-10, Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate
20, Dr. E. Moses Road, Mahalaxmi
Mumbai 400 011
Telephone : 91 22 6656 8484
Fax : 91 22 6656 8494
E-mail : csg-unit@tsrdarashaw.com
Website : www.tsrdarashaw.com
(xi) Places for acceptance of documents:
Documents will be accepted at : TSR Darashaw Limited
6-10, Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate
20, Dr. E. Moses Road, Mahalaxmi
Mumbai 400 011
Time : 10:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
(Monday to Friday except bank holidays)
For the convenience of the shareholders based in the following cities, transfer documents and letters will
also be accepted at the following branches/agencies of TSRDL:
(a) Branches of TSRDL:
º TSR Darashaw Limited
503, Barton Centre, 5th Floor
84, Mahatma Gandhi Road
Bangalore 560 001
Telephone: 91 80 2532 0321
Fax: 91 80 2558 0019
E-mail: tsrdlbang@tsrdarashaw.com
º TSR Darashaw Limited
Bungalow No. 1, ’E’ Road
Nothern Town, Bistupur
Jamshedpur 831 001
Telephone: 91 657 2426616
Fax: 91 657 2426937
E-mail: tsrdljsr@tsrdarashaw.com
º TSR Darashaw Limited
Tata Centre, 1st Floor
43, Jawaharlal Nehru Road
Kolkata 700 071
Telephone: 91 33 2288 3087
Fax: 91 33 2288 3062
E-mail: tsrdlcal@tsrdarashaw.com
º TSR Darashaw Limited
Plot No. 2/42, Sant Vihar
Ansari Road, Daryaganj
New Delhi 110 002
Telephone: 91 11 2327 1805
Fax: 91 11 2327 1802
E-mail: tsrdldel@tsrdarashaw.com
(b) Agent of TSRDL:
Shah Consultancy Services Limited
3, Sumatinath Complex, Pritam Nagar
2nd Dhal, Ellisbridge
Ahmedabad 380 006
Telefax: 91 79 2657 6038
E-mail: shahconsultancy@hotmail.com
(xii) Share Transfer System:
99.97% of the equity shares of the Company are in electronic form. Transfer of these shares is done through
the depositories with no involvement of the Company. As regards transfer of shares held in physical form
the transfer documents can be lodged with TSRDL at any of the above mentioned addresses.
Transfer of shares in physical form is normally processed within ten to twelve days from the date of receipt,
if the documents are complete in all respects. The Directors, the Chief Financial Officer and the Company
Secretary are severally empowered to approve transfers.
71
(xiii) Shareholding as on March 31, 2011:
(a) Distribution of Equity Shareholding as on March 31, 2011:
Number of shares Holding
Percentage
to capital
Number of
accounts
Percentage to
total accounts
1 – 1000 5,24,29,575 2.68 6,56,820 98.67
1001 - 5000 1,38,32,103 0.71 6,965 1.05
5001 - 10000 46,86,512 0.24 666 0.10
10001 - 20000 45,05,943 0.23 314 0.05
20001 - 30000 34,38,194 0.18 139 0.02
30001 - 40000 28,07,661 0.14 79 0.01
40001 - 50000 30,29,072 0.15 67 0.01
50001 - 100000 1,33,66,369 0.68 181 0.03
100001 - above 185,91,25,567 94.99 428 0.06
GRAND TOTAL 195,72,20,996 100.00 6,65,659 100.00
(b) Categories of Equity Shareholders as on March 31, 2011:
Category
Number of
shares held
Percentage
of holding
Promoters 144,34,04,398 73.75
Other Entities of the Promoters Group 59,33,009 0.30
Insurance Companies 11,12,44,707 5.68
Indian Public & others 8,59,42,803 4.39
Mutual Fund & UTI 4,67,37,034 2.39
Corporate Bodies 1,36,52,698 0.70
Banks, Financial Institutions, State & Central Government 8,51,076 0.04
Foreign Institutional Investors 24,73,71,413 12.64
NRI’s/OCBs/Foreign Nationals 20,83,858 0.11
GRAND TOTAL 195,72,20,996 100.00
73.75%
0.30%
5.68%
4.39%
2.39%
0.70%
0.04%
12.64%
0.11%
72
Annual Report 2010-11
(c) Distribution and Category of Redemable Preference Shareholder as on March 31, 2011:
Tata Sons Limited, the holding company, holds 100% of the 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference
shares of the Company.
(d) Top ten Equity Shareholders of the Company as on March 31, 2011:
Sr.
No.
Name of the Shareholder Number of
shares held
Percentage
of holding
1 Tata Sons Limited 144,34,04,398 73.75
2 Life Insurance Corporation of India 4,93,94,258 2.52
3 Franklin Templeton Investment Funds 3,51,22,793 1.79
4 Aberdeen Asset Managers Limited A/C
Aberdeen International India Opportunities Fund
(Mauritius) Limited
1,38,25,000 0.71
5 ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company Limited 1,17,10,952 0.60
6 Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund 92,14,624 0.47
7 FID Funds (Mauritius) Limited 82,47,921 0.42
8 Abu Dhabi Investment Authority – Gulab 76,05,461 0.39
9 Vanguard Emerging Markets Stock Index Fund,
Aseries of Vanguard International Equity Index Fund
72,50,718 0.37
10 LIC of India - Market Plus 69,37,722 0.35
(xiv) Dematerialisation of shares and liquidity:
The Company’s shares are compulsorily traded in dematerialised form and are available for trading on
both the depositories in India viz. National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository
Services (India) Limited (CDSL). Equity shares of the Company representing 99.97% of the Company’s equity
share capital are dematerialised as on March 31, 2011.
The Company’s equity shares are regularly traded on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and
the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited, in dematerialised form.
Under the Depository System, the International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) allotted to the
Company’s shares is INE467B01029.
(xv) Outstanding GDRs/ADRs/Warrants or any Convertible instruments, conversion date and likely impact on
equity:
As on March 31, 2011, the Company did not have any outstanding GDRs/ADRs/Warrants or any convertible
instruments.
(xvi) For shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited (TIL) which has merged with the Company:
Pursuant to Sections 205A and 205C and other applicable provisions, if any, of the Companies Act, 1956,
all unclaimed/unpaid dividend, application money, debenture interest and interest on deposits as well as
principal amount of debentures and deposits (relating to the erstwhile TIL) remaining unpaid or unclaimed
for period of seven years from the date they became due for payment, have been transferred to the
Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) established by the Central Government. No claim shall lie
against the said Fund or the Company for the amounts so transferred nor shall any payment be made in
respect of such claims. Members who have not yet encashed their dividend warrant(s) for the financial
years 2003-04 to 2005-06, are requested to make their claims without any delay to the Company’s Registrar
and Transfer Agents, TSR Darashaw Limited.
A separate communication has been sent in March 2011 to the shareholders who have not encashed their
dividend warrants and which are not yet transferred to IEPF, providing them details of the unencashed
warrants and requesting to comply with the procedure for seeking payment of the same.
73
The following table gives information relating to outstanding dividend accounts and the dates by which
they need to be transferred:
Financial Year Date of
declaration
Date of
payment
Date on which dividend
will become part of IEPF
2003-04 August 13, 2004 August 16, 2004 August 12, 2011
2004-05
February 2, 2005 February 25, 2005 February 1, 2012
August 24, 2005 August 25, 2005 August 23, 2012
2005-06
August 24, 2005 September 19, 2005 August 23, 2012
October 14, 2005 October 29, 2005 October 13, 2012
January 17, 2006 January 30, 2006 January 16, 2013
(xvii) For Shareholders of Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS):
A separate communication has been sent in March 2011 to the shareholders of TCS who have not encashed
their dividend warrants, providing them details of the unencashed warrants and requesting them to comply
with the procedure for seeking payment of the same.
The following table gives information relating to outstanding dividend accounts and the dates by which
they need to be transferred in the Financial Year 2011-12:
Financial Year Date of
declaration
Date of
payment
Date on which dividend
will become part of IEPF
2004-05
October 21, 2004 November 9, 2004 October 20, 2011
January 20, 2005 February 14, 2005 January 19, 2012
In terms of Section 205C of the Companies Act, 1956, the application money received for allotment of
shares in the Initial Public Offer (IPO) of the Company and due for refund remaining unpaid or unclaimed
for a period of seven years from the date they became due for refund shall form part of IEPF on
August 19, 2011.
(xviii) Dividend intimation through e-mail:
In order to protect the environment and as a “Go Green” initiative, the Company has taken an initiative
of sending intimation of third interim dividend for FY 2010-11 by e-mail. Physical credit intimation was
sent to only those shareholders whose e-mail addresses were not registered with the Company and for
the bounced e-mail cases. Shareholders are requested to register their e-mail addresses with TSR Darashaw
Limited (for shares held in physical form) and with their Depository Participant (for shares held in electronic
form) for receiving dividend credit intimation on e-mail.
(xix) Converting of shares held in physical form to dematerialised form:
During the year 2010-11, the Company had taken steps for encouraging the shareholders for dematerialising
the shares held by them in physical form. The Company in this regard has appointed Geojit BNP Paribas
Financial Services Limited, an external agency which specialises in providing depository services, to assist
the shareholders who would like to convert their physical holding into dematerialise form.
(xx) Plant Locations:
In view of the nature of the Company’s business viz. Information Technology (IT) Services and IT Enabled
Services, the Company operates from various offices in India and abroad. The Company has a manufacturing
facility at 17-B, Tivim Industrial Estate, Karaswada, Mapusa–Bardez, Goa.
(xxi) Address for correspondence:
Tata Consultancy Services Limited
9th Floor, Nirmal Building
Nariman Point
Mumbai 400 021
Telephone: 91 22 6778 9356 / 91 22 6778 9595
Fax: 91 22 6630 3672
Designated e-mail address for Investor Services: investor.relations@tcs.com
Website: www.tcs.com
74
Annual Report 2010-11
COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATE
TO THE MEMBERS OF
TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
We have examined the compliance of conditions of corporate governance by TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES
LIMITED (“the Company”), for the year ended March 31, 2011, as stipulated in Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements
of the Company with the Stock Exchanges.
The compliance of conditions of corporate governance is the responsibility of the management. Our examination
was limited to a review of the procedures and implementation thereof, adopted by the Company for ensuring the
compliance of the conditions of Corporate Governance. It is neither an audit nor an expression of opinion on the
financial statements of the Company.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us and the
representations made by the Directors and the management, we certify that the Company has complied with the
conditions of Corporate Governance as stipulated in the above mentioned Listing Agreements.
We state that such compliance is neither an assurance as to the future viability of the Company nor of the efficiency
or effectiveness with which the management has conducted the affairs of the Company.
For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS
Chartered Accountants
(Registration No. 117366W)
N. VENKATRAM
Partner
Membership No. 71387
Mumbai, May 20, 2011
DECLARATION REGARDING COMPLIANCE BY BOARD MEMBERS AND
SENIOR MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL WITH THE COMPANY’S CODE OF CONDUCT
This is to confirm that the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its employees including the Managing Director
and Executive Directors. In addition, the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its Non-Executive Directors.
Both these Codes are available on the Company’s website.
I confirm that the Company has in respect of the financial year ended March 31, 2011, received from the Senior
Management Team of the Company and the Members of the Board a declaration of compliance with the Code of
Conduct as applicable to them.
For the purpose of this declaration, Senior Management Team means the Chief Financial Officer, employees
in the Executive Vice President cadre, Vice President Global Human Resources and the Company Secretary as on
March 31, 2011.
N. Chandrasekaran
Chief Executive Officer & Managing Director
Mumbai, April 21, 2011
75
AUDITORS’ REPORT ON CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF
TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
1. We have audited the attached Consolidated Balance Sheet of TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED (‘the
Company’), and its subsidiaries (collectively referred as ‘the TCS Group’) as at March 31, 2011 and the Consolidated
Profit and Loss account and the Consolidated Cash Flow statement for the year ended on that date annexed
thereto. The Consolidated Financial Statements include investments in associates accounted on equity method
in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 23 (Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated
Financial Statements) as prescribed by the Central Government under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act,
1956. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management and have been prepared
by the management on the basis of separate financial statements and other financial information regarding
components. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.
2. We conducted our audit in accordance with the auditing standards generally accepted in India. Those Standards
require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements are free of material misstatements. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting
the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles
used and significant estimates made by the management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement
presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
3. We did not audit the financial statements of certain subsidiaries whose financial statements reflect total assets
(net) of ` 2665.94 crores as at March 31, 2011, total revenues of ` 5489.30 crores and net cash inflow amounting
to ` 125.90 crores for the year ended on that date. These financial statements and other financial information
has been audited by other auditors whose reports have been furnished to us, and our opinion in so far as it
relates to the amounts included in respect of these subsidiaries is based solely on the report of other auditors.
4. The financial statements which reflect total assets (net) of ` 3.22 crores as at March 31, 2011, total revenues of
Nil and net cash outflow of ` 0.44 crore for the year ended March 31, 2011 have not been audited.
5. We report that the consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company’s management in
accordance with the requirements of the Accounting Standards (AS) 21, Consolidated Financial Statements and
Accounting Standards (AS) 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements
prescribed by the Central Government under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and other recognised
accounting practices and policies.
6. Based on our audit and on consideration of reports of other auditors on separate financial statements and on
the other financial information of the components, and to the best of our information and according to the
explanations given to us, we are of the opinion that the attached consolidated financial statements give a true
and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India:
(i) in the case of the Consolidated Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the TCS Group as at March 31, 2011;
(ii) in the case of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account, of the profit of the TCS Group for the year ended
on that date; and
(iii) in the case of Consolidated Cash Flow Statement, of the cash flows of the TCS Group for the year ended on
that date.
For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS
Chartered Accountants
(Registration No.117366W)
N. VENKATRAM
Partner
(Membership No. 71387)
Mumbai, April 21, 2011
76
Annual Report 2010-11
Consolidated Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2011
Schedule As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SOURCES OF FUNDS:
1 SHAREHOLDERS’ FUNDS
(a) Share Capital A 295.72 295.72
(b) Reserves and Surplus B 24209.09 18171.00
24504.81 18466.72
2 MINORITY INTEREST 458.17 361.71
3 LOAN FUNDS
(a) Secured Loans C 38.44 31.21
(b) Unsecured Loans D 36.36 72.04
74.80 103.25
4 DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES (NET) E 109.49 68.68
5 TOTAL FUNDS EMPLOYED 25147.27 19000.36
APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
6 FIXED ASSETS F
(a) Gross Block 7792.24 6419.51
(b) Less :- Accumulated Depreciation and Amortisation 3545.15 2897.47
(c) Net Block 4247.09 3522.04
(d) Capital Work-in-Progress 1469.18 1017.37
5716.27 4539.41
7 GOODWILL (ON CONSOLIDATION) 3232.00 3215.99
8 INVESTMENTS G 1762.67 3682.08
9 DEFERRED TAX ASSETS (NET) E 160.18 167.86
10 CURRENT ASSETS, LOANS AND ADVANCES
(a) Interest Accrued on Investments 73.97 26.18
(b) Inventories H 22.82 17.79
(c) Unbilled Revenues 1348.85 1201.14
(d) Sundry Debtors I 8198.84 5855.41
(e) Cash and Bank Balances J 7378.09 4718.59
(f) Loans and Advances K 4858.16 3969.77
21880.73 15788.88
11 CURRENT LIABILITIES AND PROVISIONS
(a) Current Liabilities L 4698.09 4093.79
(b) Provisions M 2906.49 4300.07
7604.58 8393.86
12 NET CURRENT ASSETS [ (10) less (11) ] 14276.15 7395.02
13 TOTAL ASSETS (NET) 25147.27 19000.36
14 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q

As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director

Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director

Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
77
Schedule 2011
` crores
2010
` crores
INCOME
1 Information technology and consultancy services 36046.13 29085.21
2 Sale of equipment and software licenses 1278.38 943.71
3 Other income, (net) N 604.00 272.07
37928.51 30300.99
EXPENDITURE
4 Employee costs O 13726.10 10879.57
5 Operation and other expenses P 12420.05 10454.80
6 Interest 26.48 16.10
7 Depreciation and amortisation F 735.26 660.89
26907.89 22011.36
PROFIT BEFORE TAXES 11020.62 8289.63
8 PROVISION FOR TAXES
(a) Current tax (Refer note 13 to Schedule Q) 2065.95 1709.83
(b) Deferred tax expense / (benefit) 17.15 (187.71)
(c) Fringe benefit tax (0.03) (4.57)
(d) MAT credit entitlement (252.24) (320.58)
1830.83 1196.97
PROFIT FOR THE YEAR BEFORE MINORITY INTEREST AND SHARE
OF LOSS OF ASSOCIATES
9189.79 7092.66
9 Minority interest 121.45 90.99
10 Share of loss of associates 0.30 1.03
NET PROFIT FOR THE YEAR 9068.04 7000.64
11 Balance brought forward from previous year 13604.84 11835.03
AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR APPROPRIATION 22672.88 18835.67
12 APPROPRIATIONS
(a) Interim dividends on equity shares 1174.32 1174.32
(b) Proposed final dividend on equity shares 1565.78 2740.11
(c) Dividend on redeemable preference shares 11.00 17.00
(d) Tax on dividend 459.15 663.18
(e) General Reserve 827.58 636.22
(f) Balance carried to Balance Sheet 18635.05 13604.84
22672.88 18835.67
13 Earnings per share - Basic and diluted (`)
(Refer note 20 to Schedule Q)
46.27 35.67
14 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q
Consolidated Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2011
As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director

Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director

Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
78
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedule
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
1 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Profit before taxes 11020.62 8289.63
Adjustments for:
Depreciation and amortisation 735.26 660.89
Provision for doubtful debts (102.30) 169.67
Provision for doubtful advances 4.05 4.36
Provision for diminution in value of investment 0.58 (3.77)
Write off / Impairment of goodwill 0.71 21.43
Interest expense 26.48 16.10
Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) 1.82 3.90
Dividend income (16.04) (13.38)
Profit on redemption / sale of mutual fund and other current investments (net) (81.85) (157.02)
Interest income (497.23) (205.11)
Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents (30.28) 46.83
Unrealised exchange (gain) / loss (19.07) 0.49
Operating profit before working capital changes 11042.75 8834.02
Inventories (5.03) 18.81
Unbilled revenues (144.36) 280.24
Sundry debtors (2207.73) 110.58
Loans and advances (362.77) (153.17)
Current liabilities and provisions 580.65 579.73
Adjustment of translation differences on working capital 11.58 (356.67)
Cash generated from operations 8915.09 9313.54
Taxes paid (2277.00) (1907.31)
Net cash provided by operating activities 6638.09 7406.23
2 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchase of fixed assets (Refer note 19 to Schedule Q) (1850.32) (1044.79)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 18.11 13.30
Adjustment of purchase consideration 27.33 45.67
Purchase of trade investments (19.00) (1200.00)
Proceeds from sale / transfer of long term investments - 3.50
Commercial papers matured 150.00 -
Commercial papers purchased (146.02) -
Purchase of mutual fund and other investments (49667.01) (56018.77)
Sale of mutual funds and other investments 51687.68 55303.97
Inter-corporate deposits placed (286.00) (229.00)
Inter-corporate deposits matured 326.00 39.00
Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months placed (6109.59) (3622.05)
Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months matured 3968.21 1200.06
Purchase of shares from minority shareholders (6.59) -
Acquisition of subsidiaries net of cash (including additional consideration) 7.16 (12.87)
Sale of subsidiaries, net of cash of Nil (Previous year : ` 0.09 crore) - 2.57
Dividends received 16.04 13.38
Interest received 398.75 92.81
Net cash used in investing activities (1485.25) (5413.22)
3 CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Repayment of other than short term borrowings - (449.20)
Proceeds from issue of borrowings 37.46 60.95
Repayment of borrowings (61.85) (12.32)
Dividend paid, including dividend tax (4584.38) (1954.57)
Dividend tax on dividend paid by subsidiary (8.31) (3.86)
Dividend paid to minority shareholders of a subsidiary (15.98) (11.11)
Proceeds from issue of shares to minority shareholders 0.66 5.39
Interest paid (26.50) (16.63)
Net cash used in financing activities (4658.90) (2381.35)
Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 493.94 (388.34)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year 1024.37 1459.54
Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents 30.28 (46.83)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year 1548.59 1024.37
Deposits with original maturity over three months 5803.38 3652.74
Restricted Cash 26.12 41.48
Cash and Bank balance at the end of the year as per Schedule J 7378.09 4718.59
4 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS
Q
Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows for the year ended March 31, 2011
As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram
Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner
Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director
Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director
Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
79
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘A’
SHARE CAPITAL
(a) Authorised
(i) 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each 225.00 225.00
(March 31, 2010 : 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each)
(ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
(March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each)
325.00 325.00
(b) Issued, Subscribed and Paid up
(i) 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each 195.72 195.72
(March 31, 2010 : 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each)
(ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
(March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each)
295.72 295.72
Notes:
1. Equity shares of ` 10 each have been sub-divided into ten equity shares of ` 1 each
pursuant to the resolution passed by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting
on May 5, 2004.
2. The Company allotted 9,11,00,009 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares by
capitalisation of profits transferred from General Reserve, pursuant to a shareholders’
resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on May 5, 2004.
3. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 120,00,00,000 equity shares of
` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting
on June 29, 2006.
4. The Company allotted 48,93,05,249 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on
July 31, 2006 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account.
5. 91,90,440 equity shares of ` 1 each, had been allotted in 2005-06 as fully paid up to the
shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation.
6. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to ` 220 crores by creation of
100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each pursuant to a
shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on March 17, 2008.
7. Effective March 28, 2008, the Issued, Subscribed and Paid up capital increased to
` 197.86 crores by allotment of 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of face value
of ` 1 each. These shares would be redeemable at par at the end of six years from the date
of allotment but may be redeemed at any time after 3 years from the date of allotment
at the option of shareholder. These shares would carry a fixed cumulative dividend of 1%
per annum and a variable non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the
rate of dividend declared during the year on the equity shares of the Company and the
average rate of dividend declared on the equity shares of the Company for three years
preceding the year of issue of the redeemable preference shares.
8. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 225,00,00,000 equity shares of
` 1 each pursuant a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on June 12, 2009.
9. The Company allotted 97,86,10,498 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on
June 18, 2009 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account pursuant to a resolution passed
by the shareholders by postal ballot on June 12, 2009.
10. 144,34,04,398 equity shares (March 31, 2010 : 144,34,04,398 equity shares) and
100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares (March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable
preference shares) are held by Tata Sons Limited, the holding company.
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
80
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘B’
RESERVES AND SURPLUS
(a) Capital Reserve (on consolidation) 24.50 5.02
(b) Capital Redemption Reserve 0.40 0.40
(c) Securities Premium Account
(i) Opening balance 1918.47 2016.33
(ii) Transferred to Share Capital Account consequent to issue of bonus shares - (97.86)
1918.47 1918.47
(d) General Reserve
(i) Opening balance 2539.59 1903.37
(ii) Transferred from Profit and Loss Account 827.58 636.22
3367.17 2539.59
(e) Balance in Profit and Loss Account 18635.05 13604.84
(f) Foreign currency translation reserve
(i) Opening balance 108.75 471.94
(ii) Adjustment during the year (net) 92.02 (363.19)
200.77 108.75
(g) Hedging reserve account (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q)
(i) Opening balance (6.07) (729.94)
(ii) Adjustment during the year (net) 68.80 723.87
62.73 (6.07)
24209.09 18171.00
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘C’
SECURED LOANS
(a) From Banks
Overdrafts 0.46 -
(b) From Others (i.e. entities other than banks and financial institutions)
Obligations under finance lease (Refer note 9 to Schedule Q) 37.98 31.21
38.44 31.21
Notes:
1. Bank overdrafts are secured against domestic book debts.
2. Obligations under finance lease are secured against fixed assets obtained under finance lease arrangements.
81
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘D’
UNSECURED LOANS
(a) Short-term loans
From Banks 31.11 58.31
(b) Others
From entities other than banks 5.25 13.73
36.36 72.04
Note:
Loans (other than short-term) repayable within one year ` 1.25 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 1.25 crores)
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘E’
DEFERRED TAX BALANCES
(a) Deferred Tax Liabilities (net)
(i) Foreign branch profit tax 60.15 43.97
(ii) Depreciation and amortisation 1.38 2.43
(iii) Employee benefits - (0.04)
(iv) Provision for doubtful debts - (0.01)
(v) Others 47.96 22.33
109.49 68.68
(b) Deferred Tax Assets (net)
(i) Foreign branch profit tax - 0.62
(ii) Depreciation and amortisation (22.45) (61.56)
(iii) Employee benefits 70.40 77.94
(iv) Provision for doubtful debts 49.34 77.81
(v) Others 62.89 73.05
160.18 167.86
82
Annual Report 2010-11
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83
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘G’
INVESTMENTS
LONG TERM INVESTMENTS
(i) Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted)
National Power Exchange Limited 1.40 1.70
Philippine Dealing System Holdings Corporation 4.01 4.04
Firstech Solutions Co. Limited 0.92 0.93
Taj Air Limited 19.00 -
Yodlee, Inc. - -
ALMC HF (formerly Straumur - Burdaras Investment Bank hf.) - -
(ii) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted)
8% cumulative redeemable preference shares of Tata AutoComp Systems Limited 5.00 5.00
(iii) Others
Investment in Bonds (Quoted) 84.15 10.97
Investment in Bonds (Unquoted) 0.12 -
Investment in Debentures (Unquoted) 1305.87 1200.00
CURRENT INVESTMENTS
Investment in Mutual Funds (Unquoted) 343.24 2459.44
1763.71 3682.08
Less: Provision for diminution in value of investments (1.04) -
1762.67 3682.08
Notes:
1. Market value of quoted investments 83.42 11.37
2. Book value of quoted investments 84.15 10.97
3. Book value of unquoted investments (net of provision) 1678.52 3671.11
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘H’
INVENTORIES
(at lower of cost and net realisable value)
(a) Stores and spares 4.60 3.63
(b) Raw Materials, sub-assemblies and components 4.86 5.15
(c) Goods-in-transit 0.29 0.30
(d) Finished goods and Work-in-progress 13.07 8.71
22.82 17.79
84
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘I’
SUNDRY DEBTORS (Unsecured)
(a) Over six months
(i) Considered good 787.61 526.32
(ii) Considered doubtful 230.01 320.06
(b) Others
(i) Considered good 7407.36 5323.75
(ii) Considered doubtful 3.69 16.78
8428.67 6186.91
Less: Provision for doubtful debts (233.70) (336.84)
8194.97 5850.07
(c) Future finance lease receivables (Refer Note 9 to Schedule Q) 4.43 6.65
Less: Unearned finance income (0.56) (1.31)
3.87 5.34
8198.84 5855.41
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘J’
CASH AND BANK BALANCES
(a) Cash on hand 2.40 1.75
(b) Cheques on hand 54.33 84.55
(c) Remittances in transit 7.44 28.34
(d) Bank Balances
(i) with Scheduled Banks
(1) In current accounts
(including Equity share application monies of ` 0.03 crore
(March 31, 2010 : ` 0.03 crore))
82.41 102.67
(2) In cash credit accounts 26.32 13.67
(3) In deposit accounts 6061.70 3531.31
(ii) with Foreign Banks
(1) In current accounts 616.27 417.69
(2) In deposit accounts 527.22 538.61
7378.09 4718.59
85
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘K’
LOANS AND ADVANCES (Unsecured)
(a) Considered good
(i) Loans and advances to employees 199.67 164.33
(ii) Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 2377.06 1938.44
(iii) Advance tax (including refunds receivable) (net) 1249.72 771.12
(iv) MAT credit entitlement 1031.71 1095.88
4858.16 3969.77
(b) Considered doubtful
(i) Loans and advances to employees 27.54 22.18
(ii) Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 10.97 12.29
38.51 34.47
Less: Provision for doubtful loans and advances (38.51) (34.47)
4858.16 3969.77
Notes:
1. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include fair values of
foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts. 114.19 90.23
2. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include Inter-corporate
deposits. 250.00 290.00
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘L’
CURRENT LIABILITIES
(a) Sundry Creditors
(i) Dues of micro and small enterprises 7.42 0.28
(ii) Dues of other creditors 3347.07 2977.45
(b) Advances from customers 40.61 35.30
(c) Advance billings and deferred revenues 771.94 702.89
(d) Equity share application monies refundable 0.03 0.03
(e) Investor Education and Protection Fund - Unpaid dividends (not due) 8.41 5.81
(f) Other liabilities 522.42 371.82
(g) Interest accrued but not due 0.19 0.21
4698.09 4093.79
Note:
Other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option
contracts. 57.70 115.92
86
Annual Report 2010-11
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘M’
PROVISIONS
(a) Current income taxes (net) 405.38 460.99
(b) Fringe benefit tax (net) - 7.85
(c) Contingencies 7.94 7.91
(d) Employee benefits 649.07 599.85
(e) Proposed final dividend on equity shares 1565.78 2740.11
(f) Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares 11.00 17.00
(g) Tax on dividend 266.74 466.23
(h) Provision for warranties 0.58 0.13
2906.49 4300.07
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘N’
OTHER INCOME (NET)
(a) Interest
(Tax deducted at source ` 44.18 crores (Previous year : ` 16.36 crores))
497.23 205.11
(b) Dividend income 16.04 13.38
(c) Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) 81.85 157.02
(d) Rent 4.54 7.26
(e) Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) (1.82) (3.90)
(f) Exchange loss (net) (36.23) (190.88)
(g) Miscellaneous income 42.39 84.08
604.00 272.07
Notes:
1. Dividend income pertains to:
Dividend from other long-term investments 0.77 0.35
Dividend from mutual funds (other investments) 15.27 13.03
2. Exchange loss (net) includes :
Loss on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts which have
been designated as Cash Flow Hedges (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q). (24.50) (187.56)
87
Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘O’
EMPLOYEE COSTS
(a) Salaries and incentives 12030.22 9558.61
(b) Contributions to -
(i) Provident fund 320.01 264.68
(ii) Superannuation scheme 99.82 77.21
(c) Gratuity fund contributions 94.93 65.48
(d) Social security and other benefit plans for overseas employees 261.33 213.76
(e) Staff welfare expenses 919.79 699.83
13726.10 10879.57
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘P’
OPERATION AND OTHER EXPENSES
(a) Overseas business expenses 5529.21 4570.07
(b) Services rendered by business associates and others 1836.55 1261.97
(c) Software, hardware and material costs 1100.99 987.79
(d) Cost of software licenses 524.10 464.24
(e) Communication expenses 542.34 422.87
(f) Travelling and conveyance expenses 473.73 341.90
(g) Rent 734.77 720.53
(h) Legal and professional fees 222.43 206.00
(i) Repairs and maintenance 256.69 212.77
(j) Electricity expenses 302.08 250.59
(k) Bad Debts and advances written off 25.35 24.65
(l) (Write back of provision) / Provision for doubtful debts (102.30) 169.67
(m) Provision for doubtful advances 4.05 4.36
(n) Recruitment and training expenses 210.68 112.21
(o) Provision for diminution in value of long-term investments 1.08 -
(p) Commission and brokerage 20.37 6.59
(q) Printing and stationery 45.87 34.62
(r) Insurance 30.98 45.31
(s) Rates and taxes 79.98 64.95
(t) Entertainment 25.14 16.78
(u) Impairment of goodwill in subsidiaries - 21.43
(v) Other expenses 555.96 515.50
12420.05 10454.80
Notes:
1. Overseas business expenses includes:
Travel expenses 319.20 225.32
Employee allowances 4986.69 4186.18
2. Repairs and maintenance includes:
Buildings 126.12 109.85
Office and computer equipment 118.10 90.95
88
Annual Report 2010-11
SCHEDULE ‘Q’ - NOTES TO ACCOUNTS
1) Significant Accounting Policies
a) Basis of Preparation
The consolidated financial statements of Tata Consultancy Services Limited, its subsidiaries and associates (“the Group”)
are prepared under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.
b) Principles of consolidation
The financial statements of the subsidiary companies used in the consolidation are drawn up to the same reporting date
as of the Company.
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the following basis:
i) The financial statements of the Company and its subsidiary companies have been combined on a line-by-line basis
by adding together like items of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Inter-company balances and transactions
and unrealised profits or losses have been fully eliminated.
ii) Interest in a jointly controlled entity is reported using proportionate consolidation.
iii) The consolidated financial statements include the share of profit / loss of associate companies, which are
accounted under the ‘Equity method’ as per which the share of profit of the associate company has been added
to the cost of investment. An associate is an enterprise in which the investor has significant influence and which
is neither a subsidiary nor a joint venture.
iv) The excess of cost to the Group of its investments in subsidiary companies over its share of the equity of the
subsidiary companies at the dates on which the investments in the subsidiary companies are made, is recognised
as ‘Goodwill’ being an asset in the consolidated financial statements. Alternatively, where the share of equity
in the subsidiary companies as on the date of investment is in excess of cost of investment of the Group, it is
recognised as ‘Capital Reserve’ and shown under the head ‘Reserves and Surplus’, in the consolidated financial
statements.
v) Minority interest in the net assets of consolidated subsidiaries consists of the amount of equity attributable to the
minority shareholders at the dates on which investments are made by the Group in the subsidiary companies and
further movements in their share in the equity, subsequent to the dates of investments.
vi) On disposal of a subsidiary or a jointly controlled entity, the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the
determination of the profit or loss on disposal.
c) Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Group to make estimates and assumptions
that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at
the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Example of such
estimates include provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract
costs expected to be incurred to complete software development, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and
provisions for impairment.
d) Fixed Assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring
the assets to its present location and condition.
Fixed assets exclude computers and other assets individually costing ` 50,000 or less which are not capitalised except
when they are part of a larger capital investment programme.
89
e) Depreciation / Amortisation
Depreciation / Amortisation other than on freehold land and capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the
cost of the assets, on the following basis:
Leasehold Land and Buildings Straight-Line Lease period
Freehold Buildings Written down value 5%
Straight-Line 1.63% - 2.50%
Factory Buildings Straight-Line 10%
Leasehold Improvements Straight-Line Lease period
Plant and Machinery Straight-Line 33.33%
Computer Equipment Straight-Line 16% - 50%
Motor Cars Written down value 25.89% - 29.89%
Straight-Line 19.80% - 33.33%
Office Equipment Written down value 13.91%
Straight-Line 10% - 20%
Electrical Installations Written down value 13.91%
Straight-Line 18% - 20%
Furniture and Fixtures Straight-Line 10% - 100%
Goodwill Straight-Line 5 - 12 years
Acquired Contract Rights Straight-Line 12 years
Intellectual Property / Distribution Rights Straight-Line 24 - 60 months
Software Licenses Straight-Line License Period
Straight-Line 20% - 50%
Rights under Licensing Agreement Straight-Line License Period
Fixed assets purchased for specific projects are depreciated over the period of the project.
f) Leases
Where the Group, as a lessor, leases assets under finance leases such amounts are recognised as receivables at an
amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is based on a constant rate of return on the
outstanding net investment.
Assets leased by the Group in its capacity as lessee, where the Group has substantially all the risks and rewards of
ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair
value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease
rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on
the outstanding liability for each year.
Lease arrangements where, the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the lessor,
are recognised as operating lease. Lease rentals under operating lease are recognised in the profit and loss account on
a straight-line basis.
g) Impairment
At each balance sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating
unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the
recoverable amount of the assets is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount
is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows
expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax
discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and risks specific to the asset.
Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the profit and loss account.
For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill is allocated to each of the Group’s cash-generating units expected to
benefit from the synergies of the acquisition. Cash-generating units to which goodwill has been allocated are tested for
impairment annually, or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable
amount of the cash-generating unit is less than the carrying amount of the unit, the impairment loss is allocated first to
reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro-rata on
the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. Reversal of impairment loss on goodwill because of a change
in estimates is not permitted.
90
Annual Report 2010-11
h) Investments
Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current
investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a
portfolio basis.
i) Employee benefits (Refer note 5)
i) Post-employment benefit plans
Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees
have rendered services entitling them to contributions.
For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method,
with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised
in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately
to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the
average period until the benefits become vested.
The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined
benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme
assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions
in future contributions to the scheme.
ii) Short-term employee benefits
The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services
rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits
include compensated absences such as paid annual leave, overseas social security contributions and performance
incentives.
iii) Long-term employee benefits
Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in
which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the
present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.
j) Revenue recognition
Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related
costs are incurred.
Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of
the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion.
Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.
Revenues from the sale of equipment are recognised upon delivery, which is when title passes to the customer.
Revenues from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. In case
of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method.
Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract.
Revenues from Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services are recognised on time and material, fixed price and unit
priced contracts. Revenue on time and material and unit priced contracts is recognised as the related services are
rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised as per the proportionate completion method with contract
cost determining the degree of completion.
Dividends are recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time
proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
91
k) Research and Development
Expenditure on research and development activities is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred.
Development costs of marketable computer software are capitalised when a product’s technological feasibility has
been established until the time the product is available for general release to customers. In most instances, the Group’s
products are released soon after technological feasibility has been established. Therefore, costs incurred subsequent
to achievement of technological feasibility are usually not significant, and generally most software development costs
have been expensed.
Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation
rates set out in paragraph 1(e).
l) Taxation
Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income
tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating
to overseas operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are
domiciled.
Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the
form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Group
will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet
when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Group and the asset can be
measured reliably.
Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income
and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively
enacted by the balance sheet date.
In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the
extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise such assets. In other
situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future
taxable income will be available to realise these assets.
Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance tax
paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction and the Group intends to settle the asset and liability
on a net basis.
The Group offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to
taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.
m) Foreign currency transactions
Income and expense in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.
Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are
translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item
that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise’s net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in
a foreign currency translation reserve.
Premium or discount on forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in
the profit and loss account over the period of the contract. Forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts
outstanding at the balance sheet date, other than designated cash flow hedges, are stated at fair values and any gains
or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account.
For the purpose of consolidation, income and expenses are translated at average rates and the assets and liabilities are
stated at closing rate. The net impact of such change is accumulated under foreign currency translation reserve.
92
Annual Report 2010-11
n) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting
The Group uses foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign
currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. The Group designates these
hedging instruments as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Indian
Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39).
The use of hedging instruments is governed by the policies of the Company and its subsidiaries which are approved by
its respective Board of Directors, which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with
the risk management strategy of the Company and its subsidiaries.
Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value, and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes
in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised
directly in shareholders’ funds and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.
Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in
profit and loss account as they arise.
Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no
longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time for forecasted transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on the
hedging instrument recognised in shareholders’ funds is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs. If a
hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders’ funds is
transferred to the profit and loss account for the period.
o) Inventories
Raw materials, sub-assemblies and components are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is
determined on a weighted average basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Work-in-progress is carried at
the lower of cost and net realisable value. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost, less provision for obsolescence.
Finished goods produced or purchased by the Group are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost
includes direct material and labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads.
p) Government Grants
Government grants are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the Group will comply with the conditions
attached to them and the grants will be received.
Government grants whose primary condition is that the Group should purchase, construct or otherwise acquire capital
assets are presented by deducting them from the carrying value of the assets. The grant is recognised as income over
the life of a depreciable asset by way of a reduced depreciation charge.
Other government grants are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them with the costs for which
they are intended to compensate, on a systematic basis.
q) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
A provision is recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that
an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made.
Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best
estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and
adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. A
contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.
r) Cash and cash equivalents
The Group considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original
maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.
93
2) a) Particulars of subsidiaries and associates
Name of the Company Country of
Incorporation
Percentage of
voting power
as at March 31,
2011
Percentage of
voting power as
at March 31,
2010
Subsidiaries (held directly)
APOnline Limited India 89.00 89.00
C-Edge Technologies Limited India 51.00 51.00
CMC Limited India 51.12 51.12
Diligenta Limited UK 76.00 76.00
MP Online Limited India 89.00 89.00
Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. Canada 100.00 100.00
Tata America International Corporation USA 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Singapore 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA Belgium 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH Germany 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV Netherlands 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB Sweden 100.00 100.00
TCS FNS Pty Limited Australia 100.00 100.00
TCS Iberoamerica SA Uruguay 100.00 100.00
WTI Advanced Technology Limited India 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Morocco 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services (Africa) (PTY) Ltd. South Africa 60.00 60.00
TCS e-Serve Limited India 96.26 96.26
MahaOnline Limited (w.e.f. 28.07.2010) India 74.00 -
Retail FullServe Limited (w.e.f. 08.10.2010) (formerly
SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited)
India 100.00 -
Subsidiaries (held indirectly)
CMC Americas Inc. USA 100.00 100.00
Financial Network Services (Beijing) Co. Ltd. China 100.00 100.00
Tata Information Technology (Shanghai) Company Limited China 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co., Ltd. China 74.63 65.94
TCS Solution Center S.A. Uruguay 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.A. Argentina 99.00 99.00
Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda Brazil 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.A., De C.V. Mexico 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S.A. Spain 100.00 100.00
TCS Italia SRL Italy 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Japan Ltd. Japan 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Malaysia Sdn Bhd Malaysia 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Luxembourg S.A. Capellen (G.D. de
Luxembourg)
100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Portugal Unipessoal Limitada Portugal 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A. Chile - 100.00
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 31.07.2010)
TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada Chile 99.99 99.99
Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A. Chile 100.00 100.00
(formerly Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A.)
Syscrom S.A.
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 30.06.2010)
Chile - 100.00
94
Annual Report 2010-11
Name of the Company Country of
Incorporation
Percentage of
voting power
as at March 31,
2011
Percentage of
voting power as
at March 31,
2010
Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 30.06.2010)
Chile - 100.00
TATASOLUTION CENTER S.A Ecuador 100.00 100.00
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited Australia 100.00 100.00
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited Australia 100.00 100.00
TCS Management Pty Ltd. Australia 100.00 100.00
PT Financial Network Services Indonesia 100.00 100.00
PT Tata Consultancy Services Indonesia Indonesia 100.00 100.00
Financial Network Services (H.K.) Limited
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 15.10.2010)
Hong Kong - 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services Switzerland Ltd. Switzerland 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services France SAS France 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services (South Africa) (PTY) Ltd. South Africa 75.00 75.00
Tata Consultancy Services (Thailand) Limited Thailand 100.00 100.00
Tata Consultancy Services (Philippines) Inc. Philippines 100.00 100.00
TCS e-Serve International Limited India 100.00 100.00
TCS e-Serve America, Inc. USA 100.00 100.00
Exegenix Research Inc.
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 01.12.2010)
Canada - 100.00
ERI Holdings Corp.
(ceased to be a subsidiary w.e.f. 01.12.2010)
Canada - 100.00
TCS Uruguay S. A. Uruguay 100.00 100.00
MGDC S.C. Uruguay 100.00 100.00
Diligenta 2 Limited (w.e.f. 31.08.2010)
(formerly Unisys Insurance Services Limited)
UK 100.00 -
MS CJV Investments Corporation (w.e.f. 04.10.2010) USA 100.00 -
CMC eBiz Inc. (w.e.f. 27.01.2011) USA 100.00 -
Associate
National Power Exchange Limited
(ceased to be an associate w.e.f. 04.09.2010)
India 19.04 50.00
b) The contribution of the subsidiaries formed or acquired during the year is as under:
(` crores)
Name of Subsidiary Revenue
(post acquisition)
Net Profit/(Loss)
(post acquisition)
Net Assets
Diligenta 2 Limited 188.30 0.52 118.30
MahaOnline Limited - (0.20) 2.35
MS CJV Investments Corporation - - 6.26
Retail FullServe Limited 44.06 5.81 44.16
CMC eBiz Inc. 2.93 0.77 0.40
3) Acquisitions / Divestments
a) On June 30, 2010, Syscrom S.A. Chile has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A. The merged entity is a
wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
b) On June 30, 2010, Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A.
The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
c) On July 31, 2010, Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A. has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A. The
merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
95
d) On August 31, 2010, the Company, through its subsidiary, acquired 100% equity interest in Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly
Unisys Insurance Services Limited).
e) National Power Exchange Limited ceased to be an associate of the Company w.e.f. September 4, 2010.
f) On September 23, 2010, the Company subscribed to 74% of the equity share capital of MahaOnline Limited.
g) On October 4, 2010, the Company, through its subsidiary, acquired 100% equity share capital of MS CJV Investments
Corporation. Consequently, the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co., Ltd. has increased from 65.94%
to 74.63%.
h) On October 8, 2010, the Company has acquired 100% equity share capital of Retail FullServe Limited (formerly
SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited).
i) On October 15, 2010, Financial Network Services (H.K.) Limited (subsidiary of TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings
Pty Limited) has been voluntarily liquidated.
j) On December 1, 2010, Exegenix Research Inc. and ERI Holding Corp. have merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada
Inc. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services Limited.
k) On January 27, 2011, the Company, through its subsidiary, subscribed to 100% share capital of CMC eBiz, Inc.
4) The Company has given undertakings to (a) Bank of China Co. Limited, not to transfer its controlling interest in TCS Financial
Solutions Australia Pty Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS FNS Pty Limited and (b) the Government of Maharashtra not
to divest its shareholding in MahaOnline Limited except to an affiliate.
5) Retirement benefit plans
a) Defined contribution plans
The Company and its subsidiaries make Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund contributions to defined contribution
retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company and its subsidiaries are required
to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. The Provident Fund scheme additionally
requires the Company and its subsidiaries to guarantee payment of interest at rates notified by the Central Government
from time to time, for which shortfall has been provided for as at the Balance Sheet date.
The Group recognised ` 320.01 crores (Previous year : ` 264.68 crores) for provident fund contributions and
` 99.82 crores (Previous year : ` 77.21 crores) for superannuation contributions in the profit and loss account. The
contributions payable to these plans by the Group are at rates specified in the rules of the schemes.
The Group has contributed ` 68.60 crores (Previous year : ` 53.01 crores) towards foreign defined contribution plans.
b) Defined benefit plans
In accordance with Indian law, the Company and its subsidiaries in India provide for gratuity, post retirement medical
benefit and pension plan, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees in India. The plan provides for
a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment
in an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon
completion of five years of service. The measurement date used for determining retirement benefits for gratuity is
March 31. Certain overseas subsidiaries of the Company also provide for retirement benefit plans in accordance with
the local laws.
The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current service cost were measured using the
Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date.
The following table set out the funded status of the retirement benefit plans and the amounts recognised in the
financial statements:
96
Annual Report 2010-11
(` crores)
Funded retirement benefits Indian
As at
March 31,
2011
Foreign
As at
March 31,
2011
Consolidated
As at
March 31,
2011
i) Change in benefit obligations:
Project benefit obligation, beginning of the year 497.21
425.38
172.80
159.71
670.01
585.09
Service cost 90.95
76.88
16.94
16.99
107.89
93.87
Interest cost 40.98
33.19
7.17
6.27
48.15
39.46
Acquisitions 0.72
-
-
-
0.72
-
Actuarial (gain) / loss 5.56
(8.76)
(6.06)
11.19
(0.50)
2.43
Plan Participants’ contributions -
-
6.33
5.79
6.33
5.79
Exchange loss / (gain) -
-
19.46
(11.94)
19.46
(11.94)
Past service cost 4.13
-
0.37
3.17
4.50
3.17
Benefit paid (36.90)
(29.48)
(9.26)
(18.38)
(46.16)
(47.86)
Projected benefit obligation, end of the year 602.65
497.21
207.75
172.80
810.40
670.01
(` crores)
Indian
As at
March 31,
2011
Foreign
As at
March 31,
2011
Consolidated
As at
March 31,
2011
ii) Change in plan assets:
Fair value of plan assets, beginning of the year 436.83
359.63
155.31
137.62
592.14
497.25
Expected return on plan assets 37.60
32.35
8.17
6.90
45.77
39.25
Plan Participants’ contributions -
-
6.33
5.79
6.33
5.79
Employers’ contributions 72.11
70.85
18.89
19.41
91.00
90.26
Exchange gain / (loss) -
-
16.75
(9.10)
16.75
(9.10)
Benefit paid (36.90)
(29.48)
(9.26)
(18.38)
(46.16)
(47.86)
Actuarial gain 9.27
3.48
4.52
13.07
13.79
16.55
Fair value of plan assets, end of the year 518.91
436.83
200.71
155.31
719.62
592.14
Excess of (obligation over plan assets) (83.74)
(60.38)
(7.04)
(17.49)
(90.78)
(77.87)
iii) Accrued liability (83.74)
(60.38)
(7.04)
(17.49)
(90.78)
(77.87)
97
(` crores)
Funded retirement benefits Indian
2011
Foreign
2011
Consolidated
2011
iv) Net gratuity and other cost:
Service cost 90.95
76.88
16.94
16.99
107.89
93.87
Interest on defined benefit obligation 40.98
33.19
7.17
6.27
48.15
39.46
Expected return on plan assets (37.60)
(32.35)
(8.17)
(6.90)
(45.77)
(39.25)
Past service cost 4.13
-
0.37
3.17
4.50
3.17
Net actuarial (gains) recognised in the year (3.71)
(12.24)
(10.58)
(1.88)
(14.29)
(14.12)
Net gratuity and other cost 94.75
65.48
5.73
17.65
100.48
83.13
Actual Return on Plan Assets 46.87
35.82
12.69
19.97
59.56
55.79
(` crores)
Indian
As at
March 31,
2011
Foreign
As at
March 31,
2011
Consolidated
As at
March 31,
2011
v) Category of Assets:
Corporate Bonds -
-
92.15
74.49
92.15
74.49
Equity Shares -
-
42.09
31.00
42.09
31.00
Special Deposit Scheme -
1.76
-
-
-
1.76
Index Linked Gilt -
-
38.15
29.82
38.15
29.82
Insurer Managed Funds 517.59
435.01
-
-
517.59
435.01
Cash and Bank Balances -
-
1.07
1.16
1.07
1.16
Others 1.33
0.06
27.25
18.84
28.58
18.90
Total 518.92
436.83
200.71
155.31
719.63
592.14
vi) Assumptions used in accounting for the gratuity plan:
Indian Foreign
Discount rate 8.00% 3.00% - 5.50%
7.50% 3.00% - 6.30%
Salary escalation rate 4.00% - 12.00% 1.50% - 3.60%
4.00% - 12.00% 1.50% - 3.25%
Expected rate of return on plan assets 8.00% 4.00% - 5.45%
8.00% 4.50% - 5.56%
The estimate of future salary increases considered in actuarial valuation take account of inflation, seniority, promotion
and other relevant factors such as supply and demand factors in the employment market.
The expected return on plan assets is determined considering several applicable factors mainly the composition of the
plan assets held, assessed risks of asset management, historical results of the return on plan assets and the Company and
its subsidiaries policy for plan asset management.
98
Annual Report 2010-11
(` crores)
Particulars
Domestic
2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Experience adjustment
On plan liabilities 31.05 4.55 (19.01) (27.75) (22.11)
On plan assets 9.27 3.47 5.08 3.96 2.44
Present value of benefit obligation 602.65 497.21 425.38 332.21 256.80
Fair value of plan assets 518.91 436.83 359.63 266.56 244.17
Excess of (obligation over plan assets) (83.74) (60.38) (65.75) (65.65) (12.63)
(` crores)
Particulars
Foreign
2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Experience adjustment
On plan liabilities (3.72) (10.86) 4.46 (0.31) 0.34
On plan assets 0.33 (12.02) (6.17) (0.25) (0.51)
Present value of benefit obligation 207.75 172.80 159.71 119.21 108.48
Fair value of plan assets 200.71 155.31 137.62 124.31 100.87
Excess of (obligation over plan assets) / plan
assets over obligation (7.04) (17.49) (22.09) 5.10 (7.61)
The expected benefits are based on the same assumptions used to measure Group’s gratuity obligations as at
March 31, 2011. Group is expected to contribute ` 81.41 crores to gratuity funds for the year ended March 31, 2012,
comprising domestic component of ` 63.31 crores and foreign component of ` 18.10 crores.
(` crores)
Unfunded post retirement medical benefits As at
March 31, 2011
i) Change in benefit obligations:
Project benefit obligation, beginning of the year 4.66
4.46
Service cost 0.04
0.04
Interest cost 0.35
0.33
Curtailment (0.80)
-
Actuarial (gain) / loss (0.01)
0.26
Benefit paid (0.41)
(0.43)
Projected benefit obligation, end of the year 3.83
4.66
ii) Accrued liability (3.83)
(4.66)
(` crores)
2011
iii) Net medical and other cost:
Service cost 0.04
0.04
Interest on defined benefit obligation 0.35
0.33
Curtailment (0.80)
-
Net Actuarial (gain) / loss recognised in the year (0.01)
0.26
Net medical and other cost (0.42)
0.63
iv) Assumptions used in accounting for the medical plan: Rate
Discount rate 8.00%
7.50%
99
6) Unbilled revenue as at March 31, 2011, amounting to ` 1348.85 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 1201.14 crores) primarily comprises
of the revenue recognised in relation to efforts incurred on turnkey contracts priced on a fixed time, fixed price basis.
7) Obligation towards operating leases
(` crores)
Non-cancellable operating lease obligation As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Not later than one year 488.46 406.50
Later than one year but not later than five years 1395.99 1274.79
Later than five years 1012.22 1172.36
Total 2896.67 2853.65
Rental expenses of ` 432.04 crores (Previous year : ` 424.63 crores) in respect of obligation under non-cancellable operating
leases have been charged to the profit and loss account. Further, a sum of ` 302.73 crores (Previous year : ` 295.90 crores) has
been charged to the profit and loss account in respect of cancellable operating leases.
8) Receivables under sub leases
(` crores)
Sub lease receivables As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Not later than one year 1.30 1.78
Later than one year but not later than five years 0.90 2.03
Later than five years - -
Total 2.20 3.81
The total amount recognised in the profit and loss account for the year ended March 31, 2011 is ` 2.86 crores (Previous year :
` 1.93 crores).
9) Finance Lease
a) Company as lessor
(` crores)
Particulars As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
i) Total gross investment for the period 4.43 6.65
º Not later than one year 2.09 2.23
º Later than one year but not later than five years 2.34 4.42
º Later than five years - -
ii) Present value of Minimum Lease Payments receivable 3.87 5.34
º Not later than one year 1.70 1.47
º Later than one year but not later than five years 2.17 3.87
º Later than five years - -
iii) Unearned Finance Income 0.56 1.31
100
Annual Report 2010-11
b) Company as lessee
(` crores)
Obligations towards finance leases As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Assets acquired under finance lease
i) Minimum Lease Payments:
º NoI laIer Ihah ohe year 10.13 8.90
º LaIer Ihah ohe year buI hoI laIer Ihah !ve years 38.90 28.76
º LaIer Ihah !ve years 10.92 14.82
Total 59.95 52.48
ii) Present value of Minimum Lease Payments:
º NoI laIer Ihah ohe year 4.28 4.01
º LaIer Ihah ohe year buI hoI laIer Ihah !ve years 23.61 14.67
º LaIer Ihah !ve years 10.09 12.53
Total 37.98 31.21
The finance lease arrangements are renewable at the option of the lessee.
10) Research and development expenditure aggregating ` 106.13 crores (Previous year : ` 84.44 crores) was incurred during the
year.
11) Sale of Equipment is net of excise duty of ` 0.27 crore (Previous year : ` 0.39 crore).
12) Segment Reporting
The Group has identified business segments (industry practice) as its primary segment and geographic segments as its secondary
segment.
Business segments are primarily financial services comprising customers providing banking, finance and insurance services,
manufacturing companies, companies in retail and consumer packaged goods industries, companies in telecommunication,
media and entertainment and others such as energy, resources and utilities, Hi-Tech industry practice, life science and
healthcare, s-Governance, travel, transportation and hospitality, products, etc.
Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments are reported under each reportable segment. Expenses which are not
directly identifiable to each reporting segment have been allocated on the basis of associated revenues of the segment and
manpower efforts. All other expenses which are not attributable or allocable to segments have been disclosed as unallocable
expenses.
Assets and liabilities that are directly attributable or allocable to segments are disclosed under each reportable segment. All
other assets and liabilities are disclosed as unallocable. Fixed assets that are used interchangeably among segments are not
allocated to primary and secondary segments.
Geographical revenues are allocated based on the location of the customer. Geographic segments of the Group are Americas
(including Canada and South American countries), Europe, India and Others.
101
Year ended March 31, 2011
Particulars Business Segments (` crores)
Banking, Manufacturing Retail and Telecom Others Total
Financial Consumer
Services and Packaged
Insurance Goods
Revenue 16526.60 2751.76 4105.05 5292.45 8648.65 37324.51
13488.85 2433.80 3181.43 4365.02 6559.82 30028.92
Segment result 5170.84 704.30 1071.68 1843.78 2273.49 11064.09
3873.73 743.01 846.53 1350.94 1750.33 8564.54
Unallocable expenses (net) 647.47
546.98
Operating income 10416.62
8017.56
Other income (net) 604.00
272.07
Profit before taxes 11020.62
8289.63
Tax expense 1830.83
1196.97
Profit before Minority Interest 9189.79
and share of loss of associate 7092.66
Minority Interest 121.45
90.99
Share of loss of associates 0.30
1.03
Net profit for the year 9068.04
7000.64
As at March 31, 2011
Segment assets 7449.23 768.37 1074.60 1890.32 3805.07 14987.59
6486.47 669.35 800.22 1360.29 2623.46 11939.79
Unallocable assets 17764.26
15454.43
Total assets 32751.85
27394.22
Segment liabilities 751.88 59.42 107.02 210.31 628.31 1756.94
869.73 77.40 75.89 255.45 520.25 1798.72
Unallocable liabilities 6031.93
6767.07
Total liabilities 7788.87
8565.79
102
Annual Report 2010-11
Particulars Business Segments (` crores)
Banking, Manufacturing Retail and Telecom Others Total
Financial Consumer
Services and Packaged
Insurance Goods
Other information :
Capital Expenditure (allocable) 40.14 - 0.39 - 100.26 140.79
129.11 - - - 28.19 157.30
Capital Expenditure (unallocable) 1738.66
892.51
Depreciation (allocable) 99.15 - 4.56 - 10.56 114.27
120.05 - - - 9.85 129.90
Depreciation (unallocable) 620.99
530.99
Other significant non cash 11.57 1.66 (0.89) (119.50) 9.62 (97.54)
expenses (allocable) 7.11 4.33 0.48 122.16 39.95 174.03
Other significant non cash 0.58
expenses (net) (unallocable) 17.66
The following geographic segments individually contribute 10 percent or more of the Group’s revenues and segment assets:
(` crores)
Geographic Segment Revenues for the year Segment Asset as at
ended March 31, 2011 March 31, 2011
Americas 21457.51 6293.40
17272.93 5364.71
Europe 9250.67 3511.18
8009.57 2568.44
India 3435.06 4414.15
2597.90 3223.73
13) Current tax is net of the effect of additional provision (net) of ` 132.76 crores for the year ended March 31, 2011
(Previous year : ` 39.27 crores) in domestic and certain overseas jurisdictions relating to earlier years.
14) Related Party Disclosures
A) Related Parties and their Relationship
I) Holding Company
Tata Sons Limited
II) Fellow Subsidiaries with whom the Group has transactions
º 1aIa CapiIal LimiIed
º 1aIa AIC Ceheral Ihsurahce Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa AIC Li!e Ihsurahce Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa CohsulIihg Lhgiheers LimiIed (!ormerly 1CL CohsulIihg Lhgiheers LimiIed)
º 1aIa Housihg DevelopmehI Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa LimiIed
º PahaIohe FihvesI LimiIed
º 1aIa 8usihess SupporI Services LimiIed
103
º 1aIa Sky LimiIed
º 1aIa 1eleservices LimiIed
º 1aIa 1eleservices (MaharashIra) LimiIed
º VIOM NeIworks LimiIed (Formerly Wireless - 11 Ih!o Services LimiIed)
º Ih!hiIi ReIail LimiIed
º CompuIaIiohal Research LaboraIories LimiIed
º 1aIa RealIy Ahd Ih!rasIrucIure LimiIed
º 1aIa SecuriIies LimiIed
º e-NxI Fihahcials LimiIed
º 1aIa IhvesImehI CorporaIioh LimiIed
º Nova IhIegraIed SysIems LimiIed
º 1ara Aerospace SysIems LimiIed
º 1aIa Advahced SysIems LimiIed
º 1C 1ravel Ahd Services LimiIed
º 1aIa CapiIal Plc (UK)
º 1aIa AerosIrucIure LimiIed (w.e.!. 05.04.2010)
º 11 Holdihgs & Services PrivaIe LimiIed (w.e.!. 25.08.2010)
º 1aIa IhdusIries LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa Advahced MaIerials LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa IhIerhaIiohal LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa A!rica Holdihgs (SA) (ProprieIary) LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1A1A A!rica Holdihgs (Kehya) LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa AuIomobile CorporaIioh (SA) (ProprieIary) LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa AuIocomp SysIems LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º Drive Ihdia LhIerprise SoluIiohs limiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
III) Associate
º NaIiohal Power Lxchahge LimiIed (ceased Io be ah associaIe w.e.!. 04.09.2010)
IV) Key Management Personnel
º Mr. N. Chahdrasekarah
º Mr. S. Mahalihgam
º Mr. Phiroz Vahdrevala
B) Transactions with related parties
Year ended March 31, 2011
(` crores)
Particulars Holding Fellow Associates Key Total
Company Subsidiaries Management
Personnel
Issue of bonus shares - - - - -
72.17 0.04 - 0.03 72.24
Brand equity contribution 67.01 - - - 67.01
67.07 - - - 67.07
Purchase of fixed assets - 32.15 - - 32.15
3.85 17.58 - - 21.43
104
Annual Report 2010-11
Year ended March 31, 2011
(` crores)
Particulars Holding Fellow Associates Key Total
Company Subsidiaries Management
Personnel
Loans and advances 0.37 - - - 0.37
- - - - -
Inter corporate deposit placed - 175.00 - - 175.00
- 179.00 - - 179.00
Inter corporate deposit matured - 180.00 - - 180.00
- 49.00 - - 49.00
Purchase of investment 79.86 146.02 - - 225.88
1000.00 200.00 - - 1200.00
Sale of investment (including interest) - 150.00 - - 150.00
- - - - -
Revenues 0.15 399.99 0.20 - 400.34
0.71 334.14 - - 334.85
Interest income 89.50 34.93 - - 124.43
16.30 9.22 - - 25.52
Dividend income - 0.77 - - 0.77
- - - - -
Other income - 0.68 - - 0.68
- 0.38 - - 0.38
Purchase of goods, services and facilities 0.87 122.63 - - 123.50
(including reimbursement) 0.32 97.21 - - 97.53
Rent paid 0.74 3.23 - - 3.97
0.67 1.28 - - 1.95
Provision for doubtful debts / advances - 0.78 0.03 - 0.81
0.20 8.29 - - 8.49
Excess provision written back 0.20 3.09 - - 3.29
- 0.31 - - 0.31
Bad debts written-off - 0.10 - - 0.10
- - - - -
Dividend paid 2886.81 4.10 - 0.67 2891.58
1226.89 0.72 - 0.46 1228.07
Dividend on redeemable preference 17.00 - - - 17.00
shares (paid) 7.00 - - - 7.00
Remuneration - - - 10.05 10.05
- - - 10.65 10.65
C) Balances with related parties
As at March 31, 2011
Debtors, Unbilled revenue, 63.79 332.76 0.06 - 396.61
Loans and advances (net) 19.07 243.37 - - 262.44
Sundry creditors, Advance billings and
deferred revenues, Advances from 67.15 34.55 0.02 - 101.72
customers 71.04 27.44 - - 98.48
Investment in Debentures 1079.86 200.00 - - 1279.86
1000.00 200.00 - - 1200.00
105
D) Disclosure of Material Transactions with Related Parties
(` crores)
2011 2010
Purchase of fixed assets
Tata Sons Limited - 3.85
Tata Consulting Engineers Limited 10.75 6.43
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 20.54 11.11
Loans given during the year
Tata Sons Limited 0.37 -
Inter-corporate deposits placed
Tata Sky Limited 5.00 35.00
Infiniti Retail Limited - 19.00
Panatone Finvest Limited - 15.00
Tata Realty and Infrastructure Limited 170.00 100.00
Inter-corporate deposits matured
Tata Sky Limited 5.00 5.00
Infiniti Retail Limited - 19.00
Panatone Finvest Limited - 15.00
Tata Autocomp Systems Limited 25.00 -
Tata Realty and Infrastructure Limited 150.00 -
Purchase of investments
Tata Sons Limited 79.86 1000.00
Panatone Finvest Limited - 200.00
Tata Capital Limited 146.02 -
Sale of investments -
Tata Capital Limited 150.00 -
Revenues
Tata Teleservices Limited 251.59 220.33
Tata Sky Limited 25.92 32.20
Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited 62.32 53.81
Interest income
Tata Sons Limited 89.50 16.30
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 10.83 6.11
Panatone Finvest Limited 17.50 0.35
Purchase of goods, services and facilities
Tata Capital Limited 7.47 12.31
Tata Teleservices Limited 45.79 41.82
Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited 25.10 17.78
TC Travel And Services Limited 25.11 13.66
106
Annual Report 2010-11
(` crores)
2011 2010
Rent paid
Tata Sons Limited 0.74 0.67
Tata Limited 1.25 1.28
Tata Africa Holdings (SA) (Proprietary) Limited 1.91 -
Provision for doubtful debts / advances (expense)
VIOM Networks Limited (formerly Wireless-TT Info Services Limited) 0.41 -
TATA Africa Holdings (Kenya) Limited 0.25 -
Tata Teleservices Limited - 8.29
Bad Debts written off
Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited 0.08 -
Excess provision written back
Tata Teleservices Limited 3.05 -
Tata Capital Limited - 1.68
Remuneration to Key Management Personnel
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran 5.30 2.98
Mr. S. Mahalingam 2.85 2.36
Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala 1.90 1.69
Debtors, Loans and advances
Tata Sons Limited 63.79 19.07
Tata Teleservices Limited 80.17 71.85
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 168.30 101.56
Tata Sky Limited 40.39 14.25
Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited 12.67 11.14
Sundry creditors, Advance billings and deferred revenues,
Advances from customers
Tata Sons Limited 67.15 71.04
Tata Teleservices Limited 16.41 13.76
Investment in Debentures
Tata Sons Limited 1079.86 1000.00
Panatone Finvest Limited 200.00 200.00
15) Contingent Liabilities
(` crores)
Particulars As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Claims against the Group not acknowledged as debt 82.83 114.33
Income Taxes (See note (i) below) 842.04 471.61
Indirect Taxes 144.68 121.89
Guarantees given by the Group (See note (ii) below) 2259.48 1923.19
Unexpired Letters of Credit 1.57 0.15
Other Contingencies 0.94 -
107
Notes:
i) Income tax matters includes ` 236.41 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 212.59 crores) in respect of TCS e-Serve Limited, in
which the Company has 96.26 percent stake. As on the acquisition date, i.e. December 31, 2008, TCS e-Serve Limited
had net advance taxes aggregating to ` 185.13 crores against the disputed amounts for the various assessment years.
The Company is entitled to an indemnification of the above referred contingent claims on TCS e-Serve Limited from the
seller and would be required to refund to the seller, amounts equal to monies received by TCS e-Serve Limited, on all
such claims, as an adjustment to the purchase price consideration.
ii) The Group has provided guarantees aggregating to ` 1978.41 crores (GBP 275.60 million) (March 31, 2010 :
` 1719.32 crores) (GBP 252.50 million) to third parties on behalf of its subsidiary Diligenta Limited. The Group does not
expect any outflow of resources in respect of the above.
iii) The Group has examined the social security and tax aspects of contracts with legal entities which provide services to an
overseas subsidiary and, based on legal opinion, concludes that the subsidiary is in compliance with the related statutory
requirements.
16) During the year ended March 31, 2011, the Company has received ` 27.33 crores (USD 6 million) from the seller of an investment
against the release of an indemnification obligation, which has been adjusted against the goodwill arising on consolidation.
17) Commitments
i) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided for (net of advances)
` 1208.27 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 1172.62 crores).
ii) Phoenix Group Services Limited (“Phoenix”) (formerly Pearl Group Services Limited ) has an equity holding of 24% in
Diligenta Limited. Under the shareholders agreement dated March 23, 2006, the Company has a call option to purchase
all the shares held by Phoenix at fixed price of ` 217.08 crores (GBP 30.24 million) at the end of fourth year and Phoenix
has a put option to sell the shares to the Company at the same price at the end of the fifth year. The Company has
further call option commencing from the sixth year till the end of the eightieth year. As at March 31, 2011, neither of
the option has been exercised.
iii) The Company has a purchase commitment towards India Innovation Fund for the uncalled amount of ` 90,000 per unit
against the balance investment of 1000 units aggregating to ` 9.00 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 9.00 crores).
iv) The share purchase agreement for acquisition of Comicrom S.A. (merged with Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A.)
provided for additional contingent consideration payable to the previous owners. A sum of ` 4.55 crores (USD 1 million)
has been paid by the Company during the year ended March 31, 2011, towards full and final settlement of its dues
under the agreement.
18) Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company and its subsidiaries, in accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, enter into foreign currency
forward contracts and currency option contracts to manage its exposure in foreign exchange rates. The counter party is
generally a bank. These contracts are for a period between one day and eight years.
The Group has following outstanding derivative instruments as at March 31, 2011:
i) The following are outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts, which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges,
as at:
March 31, 2011 March 31, 2010
Foreign Currency No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Forward
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Forward
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
Gain / (Loss) Gain
U.S. Dollar 52 207.82 34.70 20 51.24 12.18
Sterling Pound 38 27.70 1.71 - - -
Australian Dollar 19 9.50 (2.27) - - -
108
Annual Report 2010-11
ii) The following are outstanding currency option contracts, which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges, as at:
March 31, 2011 March 31, 2010
Foreign Currency No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Currency
Option
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Currency
Option
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
Gain / (Loss) (Loss)
U.S. Dollar 58 349.38 (16.79) 56 639.82 (54.39)
Sterling Pound 9 54.00 8.64 - - -
Euro 21 149.00 1.06 - - -
Net gain on derivative instruments of ` 63.67 crores recognised in Hedging Reserve as of March 31, 2011, is expected to
be reclassified to the profit and loss account by March 31, 2012.
The movement in Hedging Reserve during the year ended March 31, 2011, for derivatives designated as Cash Flow
Hedges is as follows:
(` crores)
Year ended
March 31, 2011
Year ended
March 31, 2010
Balance at the beginning of the year (6.07) (729.94)
(Loss) / gain transferred to profit and loss account on occurrence of
forecasted hedge transaction (57.38) 74.12
Net changes in the fair value of effective portion of outstanding cash
flow derivatives 125.61 651.05
Net derivative gains related to a discontinued cash flow hedge 0.12 1.15
Amount transferred to minority interests during the year 0.45 (2.45)
Balance at the end of the year 62.73 (6.07)
In addition to the above Cash Flow Hedges, the Group has outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts and currency
option contracts with notional amount aggregating ` 4649.67 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 3503.12 crores) whose fair value
showed a gain of ` 29.44 crores as at March 31, 2011 (March 31, 2010 : ` 7.21 crores). Although these contracts are
effective as hedges from an economic perspective, they do not qualify for hedge accounting and accordingly these are
accounted as derivative instruments at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in the profit and loss account.
Exchange gain of ` 1.86 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 110.45 crores) on the outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts
and currency option contracts for the year ended March 31, 2011 have been recognised in the profit and loss account.
19) Increase in payables in respect of purchase of fixed assets amounting to ` 29.13 crores for the year ended March 31, 2011
(Previous year : ` 5.02 crores) have been considered as a non cash transaction.
20) Earnings per share
(` crores)
2011 2010
Net profit for the year 9068.04 7000.64
Less: Preference share dividend (including dividend tax) 12.78 19.82
Amount available for equity shareholders 9055.26 6980.82
Weighted average number of shares 195,72,20,996 195,72,20,996
Earnings per share basic and diluted (`) 46.27 35.67
Face value per equity share (`) 1 1
21) Figures pertaining to the subsidiary companies have been reclassified wherever necessary to bring them in line with the Group
financial statements.
22) Previous year’s figures have been recast / restated wherever necessary.
23) Previous year’s figures are in italics.
109
AUDITORS’ REPORT
TO THE MEMBERS OF
TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED
1. We have audited the attached Balance Sheet of TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED (“the Company”) as
at March 31, 2011, the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement of the Company for the year ended
on that date annexed thereto. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s Management.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.
2. We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in India. Those standards
require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements are free of material misstatements. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting
the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles
used and significant estimates made by the Management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement
presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
3. As required by the Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2003 (“CARO”) issued by the Central Government of
India in terms of Section 227(4A) of the Companies Act, 1956, we enclose in the Annexure a statement on the
matters specified in paragraphs 4 and 5 of the said Order.
4. Further to our comments in the Annexure referred to in paragraph 3 above, we report as follows:
(a) we have obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief
were necessary for the purposes of our audit;
(b) in our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it
appears from our examination of those books;
(c) the Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this report are
in agreement with the books of account;
(d) in our opinion, the Balance Sheet, the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with
by this report are in compliance with the Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the
Companies Act, 1956;
(e) in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the said
accounts give the information required by the Companies Act, 1956, in the manner so required and give a
true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India:
(i) in the case of the Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 2011;
(ii) in the case of the Profit and Loss Account, of the profit of the Company for the year ended on that
date; and
(iii) in the case of the Cash Flow Statement, of the cash flows of the Company for the year ended on that
date.
5. On the basis of the written representations received from the Directors, taken on record by the Board of
Directors, none of the Directors is disqualified as on March 31, 2011 from being appointed as a director in terms
of Section 274(1)(g) of the Companies Act, 1956.
For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS
Chartered Accountants
(Registration No.117366W)
N. VENKATRAM
Partner
(Membership No. 71387)
Mumbai, April 21, 2011
110
Annual Report 2010-11
ANNEXURE TO THE AUDITORS’ REPORT
(Referred to in paragraph 3 of our report of even date)
1. Having regard to the nature of the Company’s business / activities / result for the year, clause (xiii) of paragraph 4 of CARO is
not applicable to the Company.
2. In respect of its fixed assets:
(a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars, including quantitative details and situation of
fixed assets.
(b) The fixed assets were physically verified during the year by the Management in accordance with a regular programme of
verification which, in our opinion, provides for physical verification of the fixed assets at reasonable intervals. According
to the information and explanation given to us, no material discrepancies were noticed on such verification.
(c) The fixed assets disposed off during the year, in our opinion, do not constitute a substantial part of the fixed assets of
the Company.
3. In respect of its inventory:
(a) As explained to us, the inventories were physically verified during the year by the Management at reasonable intervals.
(b) In our opinion and according to the information and explanation given to us, the procedures of physical verification of
inventories followed by the Management were reasonable and adequate in relation to the size of the Company and the
nature of its business.
(c) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company has maintained proper
records of its inventories and no material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification.
4. In respect of unsecured loans granted by the Company to companies covered in the Register under Section 301 of the
Companies Act, 1956 and according to the information and explanations given to us -
(a) During the year, the Company has not given any loans, secured or unsecured to companies, firms and other parties
covered in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Act. At the year end, an amount outstanding against the
loans granted to three subsidiaries aggregated to ` 483.29 crores. The maximum balance outstanding during the year
was ` 519.47 crores.
(b) The rate of interest and other terms and conditions of such loans are, in our opinion, prima facie not prejudicial to the
interests of the Company.
(c) The receipts of principal amounts and interest have been as per stipulations.
(d) There are no overdue amounts and hence the provisions of sub-clause (d) of clause 4(iii) of CARO are not applicable to
the Company.
(e) The Company has not taken any loans, secured or unsecured, from companies, firms or other parties listed in the register
maintained under Section 301 of the Companies Act, 1956. Therefore, the provisions of sub-clauses (e), (f) and (g) of
clause 4(iii) of CARO are not applicable to the Company.
5. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, having regard to the explanations that some of
the items purchased are of special nature and suitable alternative sources are not readily available for obtaining comparable
quotations, there is an adequate internal control system commensurate with the size of the Company and the nature of its
business with regard to purchases of inventory and fixed assets and the sale of goods and services. During the course of our
audit, we have not observed any major weakness in such internal control system.
6. In respect of contracts or arrangements entered in the Register maintained in pursuance of Section 301 of the
Companies Act, 1956, to the best of our knowledge and belief and according to the information and explanations given to us:
(a) The particulars of contracts or arrangements referred to Section 301 that were needed to be entered in the Register
maintained under the said Section have been so entered.
(b) Where each of such transaction is in excess of ` 5 lakhs in respect of any party, the transactions have been made at
prices which are prima facie reasonable having regard to the prevailing market prices at the relevant time except in
respect of certain purchases for which comparable quotations are not available and in respect of which we are unable
to comment.
7. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company has not accepted deposits from
the public during the year. Therefore, the provisions of clause 4(vi) of CARO are not applicable to the Company.
8. In our opinion, the Company has an internal audit system commensurate with the size and nature of its business.
9. We have broadly reviewed the books of account maintained by the Company pursuant to the rules made by the Central
Government for the maintenance of cost records under Section 209(1)(d) of the Companies Act, 1956 in respect to the
manufacture of electronic products and are of the opinion that prima facie the prescribed accounts and records have been
made and maintained. We have, however, not made a detailed examination of the records with a view to determining
whether they are accurate or complete. To the best of our knowledge and according to the information and explanations
given to us, the Central Government has not prescribed the maintenance of cost records for any other product or services of
the Company.
111
10. According to the information and explanations given to us in respect of statutory dues:
(a) The Company has generally been regular in depositing undisputed dues, including Provident Fund, Investor Education
and Protection Fund, Employees’ State Insurance, Income Tax, Sales Tax, Wealth Tax, Service Tax, Custom Duty, Excise
Duty, cess and other material statutory dues applicable to it with the appropriate authorities.
(b) No undisputed amounts payable in respect of Provident Fund, Investor Education and Protection Fund, Employees’ State
Insurance, Income Tax, Sales Tax, Customs Duty, Excise Duty and cess were in arrears, as at March 31, 2011 for a period
of more than six months from the date they became payable.
(c) Details of dues of Sales Tax, Service Tax and Income Tax which have not been deposited as at March 31, 2011 on account
of disputes are given below:
Particulars Period to which the amount relates Forum where the dispute
is pending
Amount
(` crores)
Sales Tax 2001 – 02, 2003 – 04, 2004 – 05, 2005 – 06, 2006 – 07,
2007 – 08, 2008 – 09, 2009 – 10, 2010 – 11
High Court 7.60
2002 – 03, 2003 – 04, 2004 – 05, 2005 – 06, 2006 – 07 Tribunal 7.67
2004 – 05, 2007 – 08, 2008 – 09, 2009 – 10 Deputy Commissioner 11.96
2001 – 02, 2002 – 03 Commissioner of Sales Tax 0.03
2002 – 2003, 2004 – 05, 2005 – 06, 2006 – 07,
2007 – 08, 2008 – 09
Joint Commissioner 9.77
2001 – 02, 2003 – 04, 2005 – 06 Assistant Commissioner 1.02
2006 – 07 Additional Commissioner 2.78
Service Tax 2004 – 05, 2005 – 06, 2006 – 07, 2007 – 08 Commissioner of Service Tax 3.23
Income Tax 2006 – 07 Commissioner of Income Tax
(Appeals)
209.77
11. The Company does not have accumulated losses. The Company has not incurred cash losses during the financial year covered
by our audit and in the immediately preceding financial year.
12. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company did not have any amount
outstanding to a financial institution or a bank. Therefore the provisions of clause (xi) of paragraph 4 of CARO are not
applicable.
13. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company has not granted loans and
advances on the basis of security by way of pledge of shares, debentures and other securities.
14. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company is not dealing in shares, securities
and debentures. Therefore, the provisions of clause 4(xiv) of CARO are not applicable to the Company.
15. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, having regard to the fact that the subsidiary is
wholly owned the terms and conditions of the guarantee given by the Company for loan taken by the subsidiary from a bank
are not prima facie prejudicial to the interest of the Company.
16. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the term loans have been applied for the
purpose for which they were raised.
17. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us and on an overall examination of the Balance
Sheet of the Company, we report that funds raised on short-term basis have not been used during the year for long- term
investment.
18. According to the information and explanations given to us, during the period covered by our audit, the Company has not
made preferential allotment of equity shares to parties and companies covered in the register maintained under Section 301
of the Companies Act, 1956.
19. According to the information and explanations given to us, during the year covered by our report, the Company has not issued
any secured debentures.
20. During the year covered by our report, the Company has not raised any money by way of public issue.
21. To the best of our knowledge and belief and according to the information and explanations given to us, no material fraud on
or by the Company has been noticed or reported during the course of our audit.
For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS
Chartered Accountants
(Registration No.117366W)
N. VENKATRAM
Partner
(Membership No. 71387)
Mumbai, April 21, 2011
112
Annual Report 2010-11
Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2011
Schedule As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SOURCES OF FUNDS:
1 SHAREHOLDERS’ FUND
(a) Share Capital A 295.72 295.72
(b) Reserves and Surplus B 19283.77 14820.90
19579.49 15116.62
2 LOAN FUNDS
(a) Secured Loans C 35.87 29.25
(b) Unsecured Loans D 5.25 6.49
41.12 35.74
3 DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES (NET) E 69.32 40.10
4 TOTAL FUNDS EMPLOYED 19689.93 15192.46
APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
5 FIXED ASSETS
(a) Gross Block F 6030.16 4871.21
(b) Less :- Accumulated Depreciation and Amortisation 2607.98 2110.69
(c) Net Block 3422.18 2760.52
(d) Capital Work-in-Progress 1345.37 940.72
4767.55 3701.24
6 INVESTMENTS G 5795.49 7893.39
7 DEFERRED TAX ASSETS (NET) E 52.03 53.13
8 CURRENT ASSETS, LOANS AND ADVANCES
(a) Interest Accrued on Investments 64.70 16.64
(b) Inventories H 5.37 6.78
(c) Unbilled Revenues 836.37 646.96
(d) Sundry Debtors I 4806.67 3332.30
(e) Cash and Bank Balances J 5604.52 3396.16
(f) Loans and Advances K 4110.41 3385.11
15428.04 10783.95
9 CURRENT LIABILITIES AND PROVISIONS
(a) Current Liabilities L 3863.07 3312.64
(b) Provisions M 2490.11 3926.61
6353.18 7239.25
10 NET CURRENT ASSETS [ (8) less (9) ] 9074.86 3544.70
11 TOTAL ASSETS (NET) 19689.93 15192.46
12 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q
As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director

Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director

Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
113
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2011
Schedule 2011
` crores
2010
` crores
INCOME
1 Information technology and consultancy services 28171.26 22232.93
2 Sale of equipment and software licenses 1104.15 811.52
3 Other income, (net) N 494.73 177.60
29770.14 23222.05
EXPENDITURE
4 Employee costs O 10190.31 7882.43
5 Operation and other expenses P 10321.57 8490.35
6 Interest 20.01 9.54
7 Depreciation and amortisation 537.82 469.35
21069.71 16851.67
PROFIT BEFORE TAXES 8700.43 6370.38
8 PROVISION FOR TAXES
(a) Current tax (Refer note 14 to Schedule Q) 1335.73 1128.19
(b) Deferred tax expense / (benefit) 30.32 (112.43)
(c) MAT credit entitlement (235.61) (263.89)
1130.44 751.87
NET PROFIT FOR THE YEAR 7569.99 5618.51
9 Balance brought forward from previous year 10458.13 9990.41
AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR APPROPRIATION 18028.12 15608.92
10 APPROPRIATIONS
(a) Interim dividends on equity shares 1174.32 1174.32
(b) Proposed final dividend on equity shares 1565.78 2740.11
(c) Dividend on redeemable preference shares 11.00 17.00
(d) Tax on dividend 450.82 657.51
(e) General Reserve 757.00 561.85
(f) Balance carried to Balance Sheet 14069.20 10458.13
18028.12 15608.92
11 Earnings per share - Basic and diluted (`)
(Refer note 29 to Schedule Q)
38.61 28.61
Weighted average number of shares 195,72,20,996 195,72,20,996
12 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q
As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director

Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director

Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
114
Annual Report 2010-11
Statement of Cash Flows for the year ended March 31, 2011
Schedule 2011
` crores
2010
` crores
1 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Profit before taxes 8700.43 6370.38
Adjustments for:
Depreciation and amortisation 537.82 469.35
Provision for doubtful advances 10.45 2.52
Provision for doubtful debts (106.41) 152.94
Diminution in value of long-term investments 8.29 (4.50)
Interest expense 20.01 9.54
Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) 1.26 2.81
Profit from sale of long term investment - (1.15)
Unrealised exchange (gain) / loss (31.78) 2.59
Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents (11.39) (14.18)
Dividend income (39.27) (15.99)
Interest income (427.95) (196.69)
Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) (73.61) (148.41)
Operating Profit before working capital changes 8587.85 6629.21
Inventories 1.41 10.17
Unbilled revenues (189.41) 164.15
Sundry debtors (1368.08) 169.79
Loans and advances (438.95) (144.51)
Current liabilities and provisions 628.80 608.33
Cash generated from operations 7221.62 7437.14
Taxes paid (1480.34) (1172.40)
Net cash provided by operating activities 5741.28 6264.74
2 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchase of fixed assets (Refer note 28 to Schedule Q) (1586.06) (822.15)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 1.98 5.88
Adjustment of purchase consideration (Refer note 16 to Schedule Q) 27.33 45.67
Purchase of trade investments (57.06) (1200.00)
Proceeds from sale / transfer of trade investments - 4.80
Commercial Paper purchased (146.02) -
Commercial Paper matured 150.00 -
Purchase of mutual fund and other investments (45598.56) (53197.89)
Sale of mutual funds and other investments 47791.63 52633.26
Loans given to subsidiaries - (33.88)
Loans repaid by subsidiaries 31.94 123.28
Inter-corporate deposits placed (201.00) (224.00)
Inter-corporate deposits matured 256.00 39.00
Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months placed (5095.00) (3022.90)
Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months matured 3172.97 985.09
Dividends received from subsidiaries 33.39 11.62
Dividends received from other investments 5.88 4.37
Interest received 349.42 91.21
Net cash used in investing activities (863.16) (4556.64)
3 CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Borrowings (net) (1.24) (5.30)
Dividend paid, including dividend tax (4584.38) (1954.57)
Interest paid (19.99) (9.78)
Net cash used in financing activities (4605.61) (1969.65)
Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 272.51 (261.55)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year 293.28 540.65
Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents 11.39 14.18
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year 577.18 293.28
Deposits with original maturity over three months 5020.00 3097.97
Restricted cash 7.34 4.91
Cash and Bank balance at the end of the year as per Schedule J 5604.52 3396.16
4 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q
As per our report attached For and on behalf of the Board
For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Ratan N. Tata S. Ramadorai N. Chandrasekaran
Chartered Accountants Chairman Vice Chairman CEO and Managing Director
N. Venkatram
Aman Mehta V. Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M. Christensen
Partner
Director Director Director
Dr. Ron Sommer Laura M. Cha S. Mahalingam
Director Director Chief Financial Officer
and Executive Director
Phiroz Vandrevala Dr. Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain
Head Global Corporate Affairs Director Director
and Executive Director
Suprakash Mukhopadhyay
Company Secretary
Mumbai, April 21, 2011 Mumbai, April 21, 2011
115
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘A’
SHARE CAPITAL
(a) Authorised
(i) 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each 225.00 225.00
(March 31, 2010 : 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each)
(ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
(March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each)
325.00 325.00
(b) Issued, Subscribed and Paid up
(i) 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each 195.72 195.72
(March 31, 2010 : 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each)
(ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each 100.00 100.00
(March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each)
295.72 295.72
Notes:
1. Equity shares of ` 10 each have been sub-divided into ten equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to
the resolution passed by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting on May 5, 2004.
2. The Company allotted 9,11,00,009 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalisation
of profits transferred from General Reserve, pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the
Annual General Meeting on May 5, 2004.
3. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 120,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each
pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on June 29, 2006.
4. The Company allotted 48,93,05,249 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on July 31, 2006
by utilisation of Securities Premium Account.
5. 91,90,440 equity shares of ` 1 each, had been allotted in 2005-06 as fully paid up to the
shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation.
6. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to ` 220.00 crores by creation of 100,00,00,000
redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution
passed by postal ballot on March 17, 2008.
7. Effective March 28, 2008, the Issued, Subscribed and Paid up capital increased to ` 197.86 crores
by allotment of 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each. These
shares would be redeemable at par at the end of six years from the date of allotment but may
be redeemed at any time after 3 years from the date of allotment at the option of shareholder.
These shares would carry a fixed cumulative dividend of 1% per annum and a variable
non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the rate of dividend declared during
the year on the equity shares of the Company and the average rate of dividend declared on the
equity shares of the Company for three years preceding the year of issue of the redeemable
preference shares.
8. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each
pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on June 12, 2009.
9. The Company allotted 97,86,10,498 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on June 18, 2009
by utilisation of Securities Premium Account pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by
postal ballot on June 12, 2009.
10. 144,34,04,398 equity shares (March 31, 2010 : 144,34,04,398 equity shares) and 100,00,00,000
redeemable preference shares (March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares)
are held by Tata Sons Limited, the holding company.
116
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘B’
RESERVES AND SURPLUS
(a) Securities Premium Account
(i) Opening balance 1918.47 2016.33
(ii) Transferred to Share Capital Account consequent to issue of bonus shares - (97.86)
1918.47 1918.47
(b) General Reserve
(i) Opening balance 2426.14 1864.29
(ii) Transferred from Profit and Loss Account 757.00 561.85
3183.14 2426.14
(c) Balance in Profit and Loss Account 14069.20 10458.13
(d) Foreign Currency Translation Reserve
(i) Opening balance 94.98 99.22
(ii) Addition during the year (net) 6.63 (4.24)
101.61 94.98
(e) Hedging Reserve Account (Refer note 26 to Schedule Q)
(i) Opening balance (76.82) (721.86)
(ii) Additions during the year (net) 88.17 645.04
11.35 (76.82)
19283.77 14820.90
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘C’
SECURED LOANS
From Others (i.e entities other than banks and financial institutions)
Obligation under finance lease (Refer note 7 to Schedule Q) 35.87 29.25
35.87 29.25
Note:
Obligations under finance lease are secured against fixed assets obtained under finance lease arrangements.
117
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘D’
UNSECURED LOANS
Others 5.25 6.49
From entities other than banks
5.25 6.49
Note:
Loans (other than short term) repayable within one year ` 1.25 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 1.25 crores)
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘E’
DEFERRED TAX BALANCES
(a) Deferred Tax Liabilities (net)
(i) Foreign branch profit tax 60.15 43.97
(ii) Depreciation and amortisation 1.32 2.24
(iii) Others 7.85 (6.11)
69.32 40.10
(b) Deferred Tax Assets (net)
(i) Depreciation and amortisation (31.78) (64.82)
(ii) Employee benefits 34.06 36.00
(iii) Provision for doubtful debts 31.25 63.34
(iv) Others 18.50 18.61
52.03 53.13
118
Annual Report 2010-11
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119
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘G’
INVESTMENTS
In Numbers Currency Face Value
Per share
Description
(A) TRADE INVESTMENTS (at cost)
(i) Subsidiary Companies
(a) Fully Paid Equity Shares (Quoted)
77,44,961 INR 10 CMC Limited 379.89 379.89
(b) Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted)
88,41,33,400 Peso 1 TCS Iberoamerica SA 165.23 165.23
15,75,300 INR 10 APOnline Limited - -
1,300 EUR 325 Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA 1.06 1.06
66,000 EUR 1000 Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV 402.87 402.87
1,000 SEK 100 Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB 18.89 18.89
- EUR - Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH 1.72 1.72
20,000 USD 10 Tata America International Corporation 452.92 452.92
75,82,820 SGD 1 Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. 18.69 18.69
10,48,500 INR 10 WTI Advanced Technology Limited 38.52 38.52
10,00,000 AUD 1 * TCS FNS Pty Limited 3.38 3.38
7,60,001 GBP 1 Diligenta Limited 199.89 199.89
1,100 USD 0.25 Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. 31.25 31.25
51,00,000 INR 10 C-Edge Technologies Limited 5.10 5.10
8,90,000 INR 10 MP Online Limited 0.89 0.89
14,76,000 Dirhams 10 Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU 8.17 8.17
84,00,000 RAND 1 Tata Consultancy Services (Africa) (PTY) Ltd. 4.92 4.92
119,36,313 INR 10 TCS e-Serve Limited
(Refer note 16 to Schedule Q)
2426.20 2453.53
50,000 INR 10 Retail FullServe Limited
(Refer note 2 to Schedule Q)
(formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private
Limited)
(50,000 shares subscribed during the year)
36.17 -
18,89,000 INR 10 * MahaOnline Limited
(Refer note 2 to Schedule Q)
(18,89,000 shares subscribed during the year)
1.89 -
(c) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted)
4,20,00,000 GBP 1 Diligenta Limited
10% Cumulative redeemable preference shares
363.04 363.04
1,99,960 USD 6.25 Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.
10% Cumulative redeemable preference shares
6.02 6.02
28,00,000 INR 10 APOnline Limited
6% Redeemable preference shares
2.80 2.80
120
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘G’
(Contd.)
In Numbers Currency Face Value
Per share
Description
(ii) Others
(a) Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted)
4,63,865 USD 0.001 Yodlee, Inc. - -
25,00,000 INR 10 National Power Exchange Limited 2.50 2.50
1,90,00,000 INR 10 Taj Air Limited
(1,90,00,000 shares subscribed during the year)
19.00 -
69 EUR 297 ALMC HF
(formerly Straumur - Burdaras Investment Bank hf.)
(69 shares subscribed during the year)
- -
(b) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted)
50,00,000 INR 10 Tata AutoComp Systems Limited
8% Cumulative redeemable preference shares
5.00 5.00
(B) OTHERS
(i) Bonds (Quoted)
15 INR 1000000 10% Housing Urban Development Corporation
Limited Bonds (2014)
1.50 1.50
180 INR 100000 8% IDBI Bonds (2013) 1.80 1.80
10 INR 100000 8% IDBI Bonds (2018) 0.10 0.10
5 INR 500000 10% Housing Urban Development Corporation
Limited Bonds (2012)
0.25 0.25
(ii) Bonds (Unquoted)
69 EUR 297 0% ALMC HF (2014)
(formerly Straumur - Burdaras Investment Bank hf.)
(69 bonds subscribed during the year)
0.12 -
(iii) Debentures (Unquoted)
10,000 INR 1000000 ** Tata Sons Limited
4.50% Non-convertible debentures (2014)
1000.00 1000.00
2,000 INR 1000000 ** Panatone Finvest Limited
4.75% Non-convertible debentures (2013)
200.00 200.00
***(iv) Investment in Mutual and other Funds
(Unquoted)
4.00 2123.46
5803.78 7893.39
Provision for diminution in value of investments (8.29) -
5795.49 7893.39
Notes:
1. Market value of quoted investments 1615.72 1041.76
Book value of quoted investments 383.54 383.54
Book value of unquoted investments (net of provision) 5411.95 7509.85
2. Investments, other than in mutual funds are long-term.
* 3. Equity investments in these companies are subject to certain restrictions on transfer,
as per the terms of individual contractual agreements
(Refer note 3 to Schedule Q).
** 4. Yield to maturity :
Tata Sons Limited 8.50% 8.50%
Panatone Finvest Limited 8.75% 8.75%
121
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.)
*** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund
Balance
As at 01.04.2010
Purchases
during the year
Sold
during the year
Balance
As at 31.03.2011
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
Birla Sun Life Savings Fund
- Institutional - Daily Dividend -
Reinvestment
99932046 100.00 50046749 50.08 149978795 150.08 - -
Birla Sun Life Short Term Fund -
Institutional Daily Dividend
306815055 306.98 46846545 46.87 353661600 353.85 - -
Birla Sun Life Cash Manager - IP
- Daily Dividend - Reinvestment
- - 40011227 40.02 40011227 40.02 - -
Birla Cash Plus Institutional
Premium - Daily Dividend -
Reinvestment
- - 524295486 525.32 524295486 525.32 - -
Birla Sun Life Cash Plus -
Institutional Premium - Growth
- - 2680609180 4054.80 2680609180 4054.80 - -
Birla Sun Life - Floating Rate
Fund - Long Term - Institutional
- Growth
- - 183294052 200.38 183294052 200.38 - -
Birla Sun Life - Floating Rate
Fund - Long Term - Institutional -
Weekly Dividend
- - 100330383 100.37 100330383 100.37 - -
Birla Sun Life Savings Fund
Institutional - Growth
- - 644055509 1142.56 644055509 1142.56 - -
Birla Sun Life Interval Income
Fund - Institutional - Quarterly -
Series 1-Growth
25000000 25.14 - - 25000000 25.14 - -
Birla Sun Life Cash Manager -
Institutional Plan - Growth
- - 574598646 906.17 574598646 906.17 - -
Birla Sun Life Interval Income
Fund - Institutional - Quarterly -
Series 2-Growth
25850127 30.20 - - 25850127 30.20 - -
Birla Sun Life Short Term Fund -
Institutional Growth
- - 722152372 794.12 722152372 794.12 - -
HDFC Cash Management Fund -
Savings Plan - Growth
- - 86276492 172.58 86276492 172.58 - -
HDFC Floating Rate Income Fund
- Growth
- - 102071544 164.93 102071544 164.93 - -
HDFC Quarterly Interval Fund -
Plan C - Wholesale Growth
- - 19680517 20.00 19680517 20.00 - -
HDFC Liquid Fund - Premium
Plan - Growth
- - 463731425 869.73 463731425 869.73 - -
HDFC Cash Management Fund
- Treasury Advantage Plan -
Wholesale - Daily Dividend,
Option : Reinvestment
74809325 75.05 24984202 25.07 99793527 100.12 - -
HDFC Cash Management Fund
- Treasury Advantage Plan -
Wholesale - Growth
- - 74197701 150.12 74197701 150.12 - -
122
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.)
*** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund
Balance
As at 01.04.2010
Purchases
during the year
Sold
during the year
Balance
As at 31.03.2011
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
HDFC Debt Fund for Cancer
Cure - 50% Dividend Donation
Option, Option : Payout
- - 3002074 3.00 74 - 3002000 3.00
ICICI Prudential Ultra Short
Term Plan Super Premium Daily
Dividend
306058873 306.70 237454387 237.95 543513260 544.65 - -
ICICI Prudential Flexible Income
Plan Premium - Daily Dividend
21790304 230.40 4747288 50.20 26537592 280.60 - -
ICICI Prudential Flexible Income
Plan Premium - Growth
- - 60647723 1052.26 60647723 1052.26 - -
ICICI Prudential Institutional
Liquid Plan - Super Institutional
Growth
- - 219853475 3074.31 219853475 3074.31 - -
ICICI Prudential Ultra Short Term
Plan Super Premium Growth
- - 936597477 974.71 936597477 974.71 - -
ICICI Prudential Liquid Super
Institutional Plan - Daily
Dividend
- - 55044375 550.57 55044375 550.57 - -
ICICI Prudential Floating Rate
Plan D - Daily Dividend
- - 13791515 137.95 13791515 137.95 - -
ICICI Prudential Floating Rate
Plan D - Growth
- - 62852039 876.61 62852039 876.61 - -
IDFC Cash Fund - Super
Institutional Plan C - Growth
- - 1791711171 2055.53 1791711171 2055.53 - -
IDFC Cash Fund - Super
Institutional Plan C - Daily
Dividend
- - 222070680 222.13 222070680 222.13 - -
IDFC Money Manager Fund -
Investment Plan - Institutional
Plan B - Growth
- - 368176577 529.33 368176577 529.33 - -
IDFC Savings Advantage Fund -
Plan A - Growth
- - 615921 80.44 615921 80.44 - -
IDFC Savings Advantage Fund -
Plan A - Daily Dividend
- - 404313 40.44 404313 40.44 - -
IDFC Money Manager Fund -
Investment Plan - Institutional
Plan B - Daily Dividend
202363989 202.67 120131 0.12 202484120 202.79 - -
IDFC Money Manager Fund - TP -
Super Institutional Plan C - Daily
Dividend
130906238 130.93 357616402 357.67 488522640 488.60 - -
IDFC Money Manager Fund -
Treasury Plan- Super Institutional
Plan C - Growth
- - 622454281 695.44 622454281 695.44 - -
India Innovation Fund 1000 1.00 - - - - 1000 1.00
123
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.)
*** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund
Balance
As at 01.04.2010
Purchases
during the year
Sold
during the year
Balance
As at 31.03.2011
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
Kotak Flexi Debt Scheme
Institutional - Daily Dividend
229638806 230.73 146457 0.15 229785263 230.88 - -
Kotak Floater Long Term -
Growth
- - 667384771 991.80 667384771 991.80 - -
Kotak Quarterly Interval Plan
Series 6 - Growth
21812183 25.18 - - 21812183 25.18 - -
Kotak Flexi Debt Scheme
Institutional - Growth
- - 960458889 1096.58 960458889 1096.58 - -
Kotak Floater Long Term - Daily
Dividend
- - 108468133 109.33 108468133 109.33 - -
Kotak Liquid (Institutional
Premium) - Daily Dividend
- - 291540939 356.50 291540939 356.50 - -
Kotak Liquid (Institutional
Premium) - Growth
- - 2168540917 4146.17 2168540917 4146.17 - -
SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super
Institutional- Growth
- - 1484871042 2180.06 1484871042 2180.06 - -
SBI-SHF- Ultra Short Term Fund -
Institutional Plan - Growth
42219208 50.64 1774896911 2166.95 1817116119 2217.59 - -
SBI Magnum Insta Cash Fund -
Daily Dividend Option
- - 182603837 305.87 182603837 305.87 - -
SBI Magnum Insta Cash Fund -
Cash Option
- - 178880600 376.52 178880600 376.52 - -
SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super
Institutional - Daily Dividend
- - 193705609 194.34 193705609 194.34 - -
SBI-SHF-Ultra Short Term
Fund - Institutional Plan - Daily
Dividend
- - 359671882 359.89 359671882 359.89 - -
SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super
Institutional - Growth
- - 396835741 593.27 396835741 593.27 - -
Tata Floater Fund - Daily
Dividend
259924443 260.85 855708498 858.75 1115632941 1119.60 - -
TATA Treasury Manager SHIP
Daily Dividend
401006 40.51 281 0.03 401287 40.54 - -
TATA Floater Fund - Growth - - 1593161509 2240.25 1593161509 2240.25 - -
TATA Fixed Income Portfolio
Fund Scheme C3 Institutional
Growth
10000000 10.03 - - 10000000 10.03 - -
TATA Fixed Income Portfolio
Fund Scheme A3
- - 49183069 50.00 49183069 50.00 - -
TATA Fixed Income Portfolio
Fund Scheme A2 Institutional
Growth
- - 78714515 80.00 78714515 80.00 - -
TATA Liquid Super High
Investment Fund - Appreciation
37802 6.42 22067482 3853.31 22105284 3859.73 - -
124
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.)
*** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund
Balance
As at 01.04.2010
Purchases
during the year
Sold
during the year
Balance
As at 31.03.2011
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
No. of
units
`
crores
Tata Liquid Super High
Investment Fund - Daily
Dividend
- - 4234877 471.99 4234877 471.99 - -
UTI - Liquid Cash Plan Regular -
Growth Option
- - 322 0.05 322 0.05 - -
UTI - Treasury Advantage Fund -
Institutional Plan (Daily Dividend
Option) - Re-investment
499964 50.00 2276653 227.72 2776617 277.72 - -
UTI - Treasury Advantage Fund
- Institutional Plan (Growth
Option)
- - 8028866 1015.77 8028866 1015.77 - -
UTI - Money Market Mutual
Fund - Institutional Growth Plan
- - 19675686 2073.82 19675686 2073.82 - -
UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund -
Series II - Quarterly Interval Plan
IV Institutional Growth Plan
- - 39340651 40.00 39340651 40.00 - -
UTI - Floating Rate Fund - Short
Term Plan - Institutional Growth
Option
- - 6578918 689.94 6578918 689.94 - -
UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund
- Monthly Interval Plan Series I -
Institutional Growth Plan
33267419 40.03 - - 33267419 40.03 - -
UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund -
Series II - Quarterly Interval Plan
V - Institutional Growth Plan
- - 39344133 40.00 39344133 40.00 - -
UTI Liquid Cash Plan Institutional
- Daily Income Option -
Re-Investment
- - 5002533 509.98 5002533 509.98 - -
UTI Liquid Cash Plan Institutional
- Growth Option
- - 2359562 367.74 2359562 367.74 - -
Total 2123.46 45598.56 47718.02 4.00
125
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘H’
INVENTORIES
(at lower of cost and net realisable value)
(a) Raw materials, sub-assemblies and components 4.39 4.81
(b) Goods-in-transit 0.18 0.30
(c) Finished goods and Work-in-progress 0.80 1.67
5.37 6.78
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘I’
SUNDRY DEBTORS (Unsecured)
(a) Over six months
(i) Considered good 1029.10 693.66
(ii) Considered doubtful 151.18 254.78
(b) Others
(i) Considered good 3777.58 2638.64
(ii) Considered doubtful 0.44 3.26
4958.30 3590.34
Less : Provision for doubtful debts (151.63) (258.04)
4806.67 3332.30
Due from companies under same management
Tata Teleservices Limited 79.88 52.66
Tata Elxsi Limited 6.37 0.98
Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited 0.81 1.85
Tata Sky Limited 8.94 13.34
Tata Internet Services Limited - 0.03
Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited 0.65 0.60
Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited * - 6.55
VIOM Networks Limited (formerly Wireless - TT Info Services Limited) 1.37 1.02
Infiniti Retail Limited 1.90 1.43
Computational Research Laboratories Limited 0.02 0.03
Tata Securities Limited 0.16 0.25
Tata Capital Limited 7.68 7.10
Tata Advanced Systems Limited 0.17 1.60
e-Nxt Financials Ltd 0.14 -
Tata Business Support Services Limited 0.01 -
Tata International Limited 0.16 -
Tata Realty and Infrastructure Ltd 0.20 -
* Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited is not a company under the same management as at March 31, 2011
126
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘J’
CASH AND BANK BALANCES
(a) Cash on hand 0.76 0.72
(b) Cheques on hand 52.06 83.40
(c) Remittances in transit 1.76 2.47
(d) Bank Balances
(i) with Scheduled Banks
(1) In current accounts
(including Equity share application monies of ` 0.03 crore
(March 31, 2010 : ` 0.03 crore))
29.50 30.08
(2) In deposit accounts 5329.50 3098.10
(ii) with Foreign Banks
(1) In current accounts
The Royal Bank of Scotland, Malaysia * - -
Bank of America N.A., Australia 45.12 19.34
Credit Suisse, Switzerland - 0.58
Nordea Bank, Denmark 0.86 1.33
HSBC Bank plc, UK 2.79 5.47
K & H Bank, Hungary 0.01 1.37
Bank of America N.A., Canada 0.56 0.20
HSBC Bank plc, Ireland 0.43 0.04
Nedbank, South Africa 25.75 4.11
ASB Bank, New Zealand 0.57 0.49
Bank of America N.A., USA 7.08 10.10
Nordea Bank, Finland 0.40 4.65
Bank of America, Taiwan 0.33 0.58
Standard Chartered Bank, Bahrain 5.62 0.30
Standard Chartered Bank, South Africa 5.12 1.16
Bank of America, Hongkong 1.75 0.51
Citibank N.A., Israel 3.26 3.90
Standard Chartered Bank, Dubai 13.82 0.60
Standard Chartered Bank, Botswana 0.72 1.77
Saudi British Bank, Saudi Arabia 11.67 6.81
DNB Bank, Norway 1.08 1.80
The Royal Bank of Scotland, Poland * 0.43 0.36
Arion Bank, Iceland ** 0.07 0.23
Citibank N.A., USA 0.06 0.07
Citibank N.A., UK 7.81 28.82
Citibank N.A., Finland 1.94 0.88
Citibank International plc, Ireland 0.26 0.17
National Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait 0.13 -
Citibank N.A., Netherlands 0.19 -
Citibank N.A., Hungary 2.86 -
(2) In deposit accounts
Nedbank, South Africa - 85.75
Citibank N.A., UK 50.25 -
5604.52 3396.16
* formerly ABN AMRO Bank
** formerly Kaupthing Bank, Iceland
Notes:
1. The above does not include fourteen bank accounts having a balance of ` Nil (March 31, 2010: ` Nil) operated by the Company
for the benefit of a third party.
127
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘J’ (Contd.)
CASH AND BANK BALANCES
2. Maximum balance outstanding - Foreign Banks
(i) In current accounts
The Royal Bank of Scotland, Malaysia * - 0.16
Bank of America N.A., Australia 116.15 55.78
Credit Suisse, Switzerland 0.58 0.60
Nordea Bank, Denmark 13.98 20.51
HSBC Bank plc, UK 33.20 112.92
K & H Bank, Hungary 6.09 7.85
Bank of America N.A., Canada 9.50 50.99
HSBC Bank plc, Ireland 5.24 9.67
Nedbank, South Africa 102.80 171.83
ASB Bank, New Zealand 1.13 1.10
Bank of America N.A., USA 364.09 362.25
Nordea Bank, Finland 25.47 26.68
Bank of America, Taiwan 5.15 5.29
Standard Chartered Bank, Bahrain 6.34 4.79
Standard Chartered Bank, South Africa 12.37 26.63
Bank of America, Hongkong 2.62 3.30
Citibank N.A., Israel 9.95 6.86
Standard Chartered Bank, Dubai 16.49 6.61
Standard Chartered Bank, Botswana 3.35 7.34
Saudi British Bank, Saudi Arabia 74.65 75.06
DNB Bank, Norway 7.20 7.76
The Royal Bank of Scotland, Poland * 2.13 1.28
Arion Bank, Iceland ** 0.37 0.88
Citibank N.A., USA 0.07 0.07
Citibank N.A., UK 245.57 177.05
Citibank N.A., Finland 15.99 5.82
Citibank International plc, Ireland 8.77 5.02
National Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait 0.80 -
Citibank N.A., Netherlands 6.82 -
Citibank N.A., Hungary 9.67 -
(ii) In deposit accounts
Nedbank, South Africa 85.75 85.75
Citibank N.A., UK 50.25 -
* formerly ABN AMRO Bank
** formerly Kaupthing Bank, Iceland
128
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘K’
LOANS AND ADVANCES (Unsecured)
(a) Considered good
(i) Loans and advances to employees 141.87 133.08
(ii) Loans and advances to subsidiary companies 478.29 490.88
(iii) Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 1968.86 1538.62
(iv) Advance tax (including refunds receivable) (net) 513.89 183.50
(v) MAT credit entitlement 1007.50 1039.03
4110.41 3385.11
(b) Considered doubtful
(i) Loans and advances to employees 26.29 21.80
(ii) Loans and advances to subsidiary companies 5.19 -
(ii) Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 6.09 5.32
37.57 27.12
Less: Provision for doubtful loans and advances (37.57) (27.12)
4110.41 3385.11
Notes:
1. Due from companies under same management:
Tata Teleservices Limited 4.38 1.12
Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited 0.01 0.03
Infiniti Retail Limited - -
Maximum balance outstanding during the year:
Tata Teleservices Limited 4.38 1.12
Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited 3.99 0.05
Infiniti Retail Limited 0.01 -
2. Loans and advances to subsidiary companies:
TCS FNS Pty Limited 214.39 219.99
TCS Iberoamerica SA 263.71 265.66
Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU 5.19 5.23
MahaOnline Limited 0.19 -
3. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include fair values of
foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts.
52.33 10.89
4. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include
Inter-corporate deposits.
230.00 285.00
129
Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘L’
CURRENT LIABILITIES
(a) Sundry Creditors
(i) Dues of micro and small enterprises (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q) 7.13 0.26
(ii) Dues of subsidiary companies 412.73 398.05
(iii) Dues of other creditors 2444.67 2028.01
(b) Advances from customers 116.37 110.31
(c) Advance billings and deferred revenues 557.34 492.15
(d) Equity share application monies refundable 0.03 0.03
(e) Investor Education and Protection Fund - Unpaid dividends (not due) 7.31 4.88
(f) Other liabilities 317.37 278.75
(g) Interest accrued but not due 0.12 0.20
3863.07 3312.64
Note:
Other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option
contracts.
54.69 121.90
As at
March 31, 2011
` crores
As at
March 31, 2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘M’
PROVISIONS
(a) Current income taxes (net) 182.09 263.45
(b) Employee benefits 474.87 448.00
(c) Proposed final dividend on equity shares 1565.78 2740.11
(d) Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares 11.00 17.00
(e) Tax on dividend 255.79 457.92
(f) Provision for warranties 0.58 0.13
2490.11 3926.61
130
Annual Report 2010-11
Schedules forming part of the Profit and Loss Account
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘N’
OTHER INCOME (NET)
(a) Interest 427.95 196.69
(Tax deducted at source ` 41.02 crores (Previous year : ` 14.12 crores))
(b) Dividend income 39.27 15.99
(c) Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) 73.61 148.41
(d) Rent 1.34 2.44
(e) Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) (1.26) (2.81)
(f) Profit on sale of long-term investment - 1.15
(g) Exchange loss (net) (53.04) (205.42)
(h) Miscellaneous income 6.86 21.15
494.73 177.60
Notes:
1. Dividend income includes:
Dividend from subsidiaries (trade investments) 33.39 11.62
Dividends from other long-term investments (trade investments) 0.77 0.35
Dividends from mutual funds (other investments) 5.11 4.02
2. Exchange loss (net) includes:
Loss on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts which
have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges. (Refer note 26 to Schedule Q)
(89.32) (211.48)
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘O’
EMPLOYEE COSTS
(a) Salaries and incentives 8884.06 6852.50
(b) Contributions to -
(i) Provident Fund 285.78 232.02
(ii) Superannuation scheme 73.74 52.62
(c) Gratuity fund contributions 91.11 58.15
(d) Social security and other plans for overseas employees 145.39 126.58
(e) Staff welfare expenses 710.23 560.56
10190.31 7882.43
131
Schedules forming part of the Profit and Loss Account
2011
` crores
2010
` crores
SCHEDULE ‘P’
OPERATION AND OTHER EXPENSES
(a) Overseas business expenses 4979.94 4225.30
(b) Services rendered by business associates and others 1735.72 992.02
(c) Software, hardware and material costs 1043.17 888.78
(d) Cost of software licences 395.32 366.02
(e) Communication expenses 302.57 284.22
(f) Travelling and conveyance expenses 295.75 186.00
(g) Rent 477.64 503.90
(h) Legal and professional fees 122.10 93.76
(i) Repairs and maintenance 180.47 141.41
(j) Electricity expenses 240.00 200.49
(k) Bad debts 19.04 7.33
(l) (Write back of provision) / provision for doubtful debts (106.41) 152.94
(m) Provision for doubtful advances 10.45 2.52
(n) Advances written-off 0.02 0.31
(o) Recruitment and training expenses 165.84 78.79
(p) Diminution in value of long-term investments (net) 8.29 (4.50)
(q) Commission and brokerage 15.73 7.27
(r) Printing and stationery 18.00 16.17
(s) Insurance 15.81 16.25
(t) Rates and taxes 42.75 40.45
(u) Entertainment 14.93 9.19
(v) Other expenses 344.44 281.73
10321.57 8490.35
Notes:
1. Overseas business expenses includes:
Travel expenses 270.22 194.75
Employee allowances 4533.29 3900.76
2. Repairs and maintenance pertains to:
Buildings 74.84 61.70
Office and computer equipment 105.63 79.71
3. Software, hardware and material costs includes:
Material Costs
(a) Raw Materials, sub-assemblies and components consumed 17.71 23.73
(b) Opening Stock:
Finished goods and work-in-progress 1.67 3.05
(c) Less: Closing Stock:
Finished goods and work-in-progress 0.80 1.67
0.87 1.38
18.58 25.11
4. Other expenses includes:
Stores and spare parts consumed 0.04 0.02
132
Annual Report 2010-11
SCHEDULE ‘Q’ NOTES TO ACCOUNTS
1) Significant Accounting Policies
a) Basis of Preparation
The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and the requirements of the Companies
Act, 1956.
b) Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions
that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the
date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Example of such
estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract
costs expected to be incurred to complete, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment.
c) Fixed Assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring
the assets to its present location and condition.
Fixed assets exclude computers and other assets individually costing ` 50,000 or less which are not capitalised except
when they are part of a larger capital investment programme.
d) Depreciation / Amortisation
Depreciation / amortisation other than on freehold land and capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the
cost of assets, on the following basis:
Leasehold Land and Buildings Straight line Lease period
Freehold Buildings Written down value 5%
Factory Buildings Straight line 10%
Leasehold Improvements Straight line Lease period
Plant and Machinery Straight line 33.33%
Computer Equipment Straight line 25%
Motor Cars Written down value 25.89%
Office Equipment Written down value 13.91%
Electrical Installations Written down value 13.91%
Furniture and Fixtures Straight line 100%
Intellectual Property / Distribution Rights Straight line 24 – 60 months
Rights under Licensing agreement Straight line License period
Fixed assets purchased for specific projects are depreciated over the period of the project.
e) Leases
Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee, where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards
of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such a lease is capitalised at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair
value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each
lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of
interest on the outstanding liability for each year.
Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor,
are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account
on a straight-line basis.
f) Impairment
At each balance sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating
unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the
recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount
133
is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows
expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax
discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.
Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the profit and loss account.
g) Investments
Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current
investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a
portfolio basis.
h) Employee benefits (Refer note 4)
i) Post-employment benefit plans
Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees
have rendered services entitling them to contributions.
For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method,
with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised
in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately
to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the
average period until the benefits become vested.
The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined
benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme
assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions
in future contributions to the scheme.
ii) Short-term employee benefits
The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services
rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits
include compensated absences such as paid annual leave, overseas social security contributions and performance
incentives.
iii) Long-term employee benefits
Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in
which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the
present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.
i) Revenue recognition
Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related
costs are incurred.
Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of
the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion.
Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.
Revenues from the sale of equipment are recognised upon delivery, which is when title passes to the customer.
Revenues from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. In case
of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method.
Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract.
Revenues from Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services are recognised on time and material, fixed price and unit
priced contracts. Revenue on time and material and unit priced contracts is recognised as the related services are
rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised as per the proportionate completion method with contract
cost determining the degree of completion.
134
Annual Report 2010-11
Dividends are recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time proportion
basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
j) Research and Development
Expenditure on research and development activities is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred.
Development costs of marketable computer software are capitalised when a product’s technological feasibility has been
established until the time the product is available for general release to customers. In most instances, the Company’s
products are released soon after technological feasibility has been established. Therefore, costs incurred subsequent
to achievement of technological feasibility are usually not significant, and generally most software development costs
have been expensed.
Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with depreciation
rates set out in note 1(d).
k) Taxation
Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income
tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating
to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are
domiciled.
Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in
the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the
Company will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the
balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and
the asset can be measured reliably.
Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and
accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred
tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted
by the balance sheet date.
In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the
extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise such assets.
In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient
future taxable income will be available to realise these assets.
Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance
taxes paid and income tax provisions arising in the same tax jurisdiction and the Company intends to settle the asset
and liability on a net basis.
The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate
to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.
l) Foreign currency transactions
Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.
Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are
translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item
that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise’s net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated
in a foreign currency translation reserve.
Premium or discount on forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in
the profit and loss account over the period of the contract. Forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts
outstanding at the balance sheet date, other than designated cash flow hedges, are stated at fair values and any gains
or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account.
135
m) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting
The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign
currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. The Company designates these
hedging instruments as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Indian
Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39).
The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company’s policies approved by the Board of Directors, which provide
written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company’s risk management strategy.
Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value, and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes
in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised
directly in shareholders’ funds and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.
Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised
in the profit and loss account as they arise.
Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or
no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time for forecasted transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on
the hedging instrument recognised in shareholders’ funds is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs.
If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders’ funds
is transferred to the profit and loss account for the period.
n) Inventories
Raw materials, sub-assemblies and components are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is
determined on a weighted average basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Work-in-progress is carried at
the lower of cost and net realisable value. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost, less provision for obsolescence.
Finished goods produced or purchased by the Company are carried at lower of cost and net realisable value.
Cost includes direct material and labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads.
o) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that
an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made.
Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best
estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date
and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements.
A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.
p) Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original
maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.
2) Acquisitions / Divestments
a) On June 30, 2010, Syscrom S.A. has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA. The merged entity is a wholly
owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
b) On June 30, 2010, Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA.
The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
c) On July 31, 2010, Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA.
The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.
d) On August 31, 2010, the Company, through its subsidiary, acquired 100% equity interest in Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly
Unisys Insurance Services Limited).
e) National Power Exchange Limited ceased to be an associate of the Company w.e.f. September 4, 2010.
f) On September 23, 2010, the Company subscribed to 74% of the equity share capital of MahaOnline Limited.
136
Annual Report 2010-11
g) On October 4, 2010, the Company, through its subsidiary, acquired 100% equity share holding of MS CJV Investments
Corporation. Consequently, the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co., Ltd. has increased from 65.94%
to 74.63%.
h) On October 8, 2010, the Company has acquired 100% equity share capital of Retail FullServe Limited (formerly
SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited).
i) On October 15, 2010, Financial Network Services (H.K.) Limited (subsidiary of TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings
Pty Limited) has been voluntarily liquidated.
j) On December 1, 2010, Exegenix Research Inc. and ERI Holding Corp. have merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada
Inc. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services Limited.
k) On January 27, 2011, the Company, through its subsidiary, subscribed to 100% share capital of CMC eBiz Inc.
3) The Company has given undertakings to (a) Bank of China Co. Limited, not to transfer its controlling interest in TCS Financial
Solutions Australia Pty Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS FNS Pty Limited and (b) the Government of Maharashtra
not to divest its shareholding in MahaOnline Limited except to an affiliate.
4) Retirement benefit plans
a) Defined contribution plans
The Company makes Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit
plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the
payroll costs to fund the benefits. The Provident Fund scheme additionally requires the Company to guarantee payment
of interest at rates notified by the Central Government from time to time, for which shortfall has been provided for
as at the Balance Sheet date.
The Company recognised ` 285.78 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 232.02 crores) for provident fund contributions and
` 73.74 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 52.62 crores) for superannuation contributions in the profit and loss account.
The contributions payable to these plans by the Company are at rates specified in the rules of the schemes.
The Company has contributed ` 60.91 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 48.40 crores) towards foreign defined contribution
plans.
b) Defined benefit plan
The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees’ Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme of the Life
Insurance Corporation of India, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump
sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an
amount equivalent to 15 days salary for service less than 15 years, three-fourth month’s salary for service of 15 years
to 19 years and one month salary for service of 20 years and more, payable for each completed year of service or part
thereof in excess of six months. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service.
The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current service cost were measured using the
Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date.
137
The following table sets out the funded status of the gratuity plan and the amounts recognised in the Company’s
financial statements as at March 31, 2011.
(` crores)
As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
i) Change in benefit obligations:
Projected benefit obligation, beginning of the year 452.49 385.23
Service cost 81.39 70.62
Interest cost 37.07 29.84
Actuarial loss / (gain) 14.46 (7.34)
Benefits paid (32.61) (25.86)
Projected benefit obligation, end of the year 552.80 452.49
ii) Change in plan assets:
Fair value of plan assets, beginning of the year 420.14 344.16
Expected return on plan assets 36.15 31.07
Employers’ contributions 65.08 66.86
Benefits paid (32.61) (25.86)
Actuarial gain 5.66 3.91
Fair value of plan assets at the end of the year 494.42 420.14
Excess of (obligation over plan assets) (58.38) (32.35)
Accrued liability (58.38) (32.35)
(` crores)
2011 2010
iii) Net gratuity and other cost:
Service cost 81.39 70.62
Interest on defined benefit obligation 37.07 29.84
Expected return on plan assets (36.15) (31.07)
Net actuarial loss / (gain) recognised in the year 8.80 (11.24)
Net gratuity cost and other cost 91.11 58.15
Actual Return on Plan Assets 41.82 34.98
(` crores)
iv) Category of Assets : As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Special Deposits Scheme - 1.76
Insurer Managed Funds 494.36 418.32
Others 0.06 0.06
Total 494.42 420.14
As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
v) Assumptions used in accounting for the gratuity plan:
% %
Discount rate 8.00 7.50
Salary escalation rate 6.00 6.00
Expected rate of return on plan assets 8.00 8.00
138
Annual Report 2010-11
The estimate of future salary increase considered in actuarial valuation takes account of inflation, seniority, promotion
and other relevant factors such as supply and demand factors in the employment market.
The expected return on plan assets is determined considering several applicable factors mainly the composition of the
plan assets held, assessed risks of asset management, historical results of the return on plan assets and the Company’s
policy for plan asset management.
(` crores)
2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Experience adjustment
On plan liabilities 35.00 4.93 (16.54) (26.62) (20.91)
On plan assets 5.67 3.91 6.12 4.13 2.31
Present value of benefit obligation 552.80 452.49 385.23 315.26 240.91
Fair value of plan assets 494.42 420.14 344.16 264.87 243.13
Excess of (obligation over plan assets) / plan
assets over obligation
(58.38) (32.35) (41.07) (50.39) 2.22
The expected contribution is based on the same assumptions used to measure the Company’s gratuity obligations
as of March 31, 2011. The Company is expected to contribute ` 52.12 crores to gratuity funds for the year ended
March 31, 2012.
5) Unbilled revenue as at March 31, 2011 amounting to ` 836.37 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 646.96 crores) primarily comprises
of the revenue recognised amounting to ` 780.11 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 594.81 crores) in relation to efforts incurred on
turnkey contracts priced on a fixed time, fixed price basis.
6) Obligations towards operating leases
(` crores)
Non-cancellable operating lease obligation As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Not later than one year 307.94 245.31
Later than one year but not later than five years 872.00 741.61
Later than five years 760.87 818.93
Total 1940.81 1805.85
Rental expenses of ` 263.46 crores (Previous year : ` 313.15 crores) in respect of obligation under non-cancellable operating
leases have been charged to the profit and loss account. Further a sum of ` 214.18 crores (Previous year : ` 190.75 crores) has
been charged to the profit and loss account in respect of cancellable operating leases.
7) Obligations towards finance leases
(` crores)
Assets acquired under finance lease As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
i) Minimum Lease Payments:
z Not later than one year 9.38 7.11
zLater than one year but not later than five years 37.52 28.45
zLater than five years 10.92 14.81
Total 57.82 50.37
ii) Present Value of minimum lease payments:
z Not later than one year 3.54 2.30
zLater than one year but not later than five years 22.23 14.42
zLater than five years 10.10 12.53
Total 35.87 29.25
139
8) Research and development expenditure aggregating ` 97.20 crores (Previous year : ` 77.19 crores) was incurred.
9) Sale of Equipment is net of excise duty of ` 0.27 crore (Previous year : ` 0.39 crore).
10) Segment Reporting
The Company has identified business segments (industry practice) as its primary segment and geographic segments as its
secondary segment.
Business segments are primarily financial services comprising customers providing banking, finance and insurance services,
manufacturing companies, companies in retail and consumer packaged goods industries, companies in telecommunication,
media and entertainment and others such as energy, resources and utilities, Hi-Tech industry practice, life science and
healthcare, s-Governance, travel, transportation and hospitality, products, etc.
Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments are reported under each reportable segment. Expenses which are not
directly identifiable to each reporting segment have been allocated on the basis of associated revenues of the segment and
manpower efforts. All other expenses which are not attributable or allocable to segments have been disclosed as unallocable
expenses.
Assets and liabilities that are directly attributable or allocable to segments are disclosed under each reportable segment.
All other assets and liabilities are disclosed as unallocable. Fixed assets that are used interchangeably among segments are
not allocated to primary and secondary segments.
Geographical revenues are allocated based on the location of the customer. Geographic segments of the Company are Americas
(including Canada and South American countries), Europe, India and Others.
Year ended March 31, 2011
Particulars Business Segments (` crores)
Banking,
Financial
Services and
Insurance
Manufacturing Retail and
Consumer
Packaged
Goods
Telecom Others Total
Revenue 11719.88 2257.38 3533.18 4578.05 7186.92 29275.41
9225.71 1986.63 2705.51 3762.94 5363.66 23044.45
Segment result 3797.37 567.62 894.22 1626.90 1885.71 8771.82
2838.03 560.48 643.38 1117.16 1508.12 6667.17
Unallocable expenses (net) 566.12
474.39
Operating income 8205.70
6192.78
Other income, (net) 494.73
177.60
Profit before taxes 8700.43
6370.38
Tax expense 1130.44
751.87
Net profit for the year 7569.99
5618.51
140
Annual Report 2010-11
As at March 31 , 2011
Particulars Business Segments (` crores)
Banking,
Financial
Services and
Insurance
Manufacturing Retail and
Consumer
Packaged
Goods
Telecom Others Total
Segment assets 1797.98 320.46 474.36 1415.21 2162.05 6170.06
1314.03 273.36 462.67 1074.47 1333.76 4458.29
Unallocable assets 19873.05
17973.42
Total assets 26043.11
22431.71
Segment liabilities 436.40 39.34 87.35 202.46 447.24 1212.79
355.89 26.15 64.90 184.81 278.85 910.60
Unallocable liabilities 5250.83
6404.49
Total liabilities 6463.62
7315.09
Other Information:
Capital Expenditure
(unallocable)
1607.37
827.01
Depreciation (unallocable) 537.82
469.35
Other significant non cash
expenses (allocable)
12.80
8.68
1.15
3.68
(0.38)
0.05
(110.48)
113.73
0.95
29.32
(95.96)
155.46
Other significant non cash
expenses (net) (unallocable)
8.29
(4.50)

The following Geographic segments individually contribute 10 percent or more of the Company’s revenues and segment
assets:
(` crores)
Geographic Segment Revenues for the year
ended March 31, 2011
Segment Assets as at
March 31, 2011
Americas 16907.78 1256.44
13391.10 926.10
Europe 7039.12 1939.03
6060.03 1379.78
India 2759.36 2450.99
1920.78 1587.65
141
11) Related Party Disclosures
A) Related Parties and their Relationship
I) Holding Company
Tata Sons Limited
II)(A) Subsidiaries (Direct Holding) II)(B) Subsidiaries (Indirect Holding)
1. CMC Limited i. CMC Americas Inc.
ii. CMC e-Biz Inc ( w.e.f. 27.01.2011)
2. Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB
3. Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. i. Tata Information Technology (Shanghai) Company
Limited
i. Tata Consultancy Services Japan Ltd.
ii. Tata Consultancy Services Malaysia Sdn Bhd
iii. Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co., Ltd.
iv. PT Tata Consultancy Services Indonesia
v. Tata Consultancy Services (Thailand) Limited
vi. Tata Consultancy Services (Philippines) Inc.
4. TCS Iberoamerica SA i. TCS Solution Center S.A.
ii. Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.A.
iii. Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.A., De C.V.
iv. TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada
v. Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S.A.
vi. Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda
vii. Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A. (ceased to be a
subsidiary as it has merged with Tata Consultancy
Services BPO Chile S.A.)
viii. Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.A. (formerly Tata
Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A.)
ix. Syscrom S.A. (ceased to be a subsidiary as it has
merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.A.
w.e.f. 30.06.2010)
x. Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada (ceased to
be a subsidiary as it has merged with Tata Consultancy
Services BPO Chile S.A. w.e.f. 30.06.2010)
xi. TATASOLUTION CENTER S.A
xii. Tata Consultancy Services Portugal Unipessoal Limitada
xiii. TCS Uruguay S.A.
xiv. MGDC S.C.
5. Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV i. Tata Consultancy Services Luxembourg S.A
ii. Tata Consultancy Services Switzerland Ltd
iii. Tata Consultancy Services France SAS
iv. TCS Italia SRL
142
Annual Report 2010-11
6. TCS FNS Pty Limited i. TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited
ii. TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited (formerly
Financial Network Services Pty Limited)
iii. PT Financial Network Services
iv. Financial Network Services (H.K.) Limited (ceased to a
subsidiary w.e.f. 15.10.2010)
v. TCS Management Pty Ltd.
vi. Financial Network Services (Beijing) Co. Ltd.
7. APOnline Limited
8. Tata America International Corporation i. MS CJV Investments Corporation (w.e.f. 04.10.2010)
9. Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA
10. Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH
11. WTI Advanced Technology Limited
12. Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. i. ERI Hol di ngs Corp. (ceased to be a subsi di ary
w.e.f. 01.12.2010, amalgamated with Tata Consultancy
Services Canada Inc.)
ii. Exegenix Research Inc. (ceased to be a subsidiary
w.e.f. 01.12.2010, amalgamated with Tata Consultancy
Services Canada Inc.)
13. Diligenta Limited i. Diligenta 2 Limited (w.e.f. 31.08.2010)
14. C-Edge Technologies Limited
15. MP Online Limited
16. Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU
17. Tata Consultancy Services (Africa)(PTY) Ltd. i. Tata Consultancy Services (South Africa) (PTY) Ltd.
18. TCS e-Serve Limited i. TCS e-Serve International Limited
ii. TCS e-Serve America, Inc
19. MahaOnline Limited (w.e.f. 28.07.2010)
20. Retail FullServe Limited
(formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited)
III) Fellow Subsidiaries with whom the Company has transactions
º 1aIa CapiIal LimiIed
º 1aIa AIC Ceheral Ihsurahce Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa AIC Li!e Ihsurahce Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa CohsulIihg Lhgiheers LimiIed (Formerly 1CL CohsulIihg Lhgiheers LimiIed)
º 1aIa Housihg DevelopmehI Compahy LimiIed
º 1aIa LimiIed
º PahaIohe FihvesI LimiIed
º 1aIa 8usihess SupporI Services LimiIed
º 1aIa Sky LimiIed
º 1aIa 1eleservices LimiIed
143
º 1aIa 1eleservices (MaharashIra) LimiIed
º VIOM NeIworks LimiIed (Formerly Wireless-11 Ih!o Services LimiIed)
º Ih!hiIi ReIail LimiIed
º CompuIaIiohal Research LaboraIories LimiIed
º 1aIa RealIy Ahd Ih!rasIrucIure LimiIed
º 1aIa SecuriIies LimiIed
º e-NxI Fihahcials LimiIed
º 1aIa IhvesImehI CorporaIioh LimiIed
º Nova IhIegraIed SysIems LimiIed
º 1ara Aerospace SysIems LimiIed
º 1aIa Advahced SysIems LimiIed
º 1C 1ravel Ahd Services LimiIed
º 1aIa AerosIrucIure LimiIed (w.e.!. 05.04.2010)
º 11 Holdihgs & Services PrivaIe LimiIed (w.e.!. 25.08.2010)
º 1aIa IhdusIries LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa Advahced MaIerials LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa IhIerhaIiohal LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1A1A A!rica Holdihgs (Kehya) LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º 1aIa AuIocomp SysIems LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
º Drive Ihdia LhIerprise SoluIiohs LimiIed (w.e.!. 01.09.2010)
IV) Associate
º NaIiohal Power Lxchahge LimiIed (ceased Io be ah associaIe w.e.!. 04.09.2010)
V) Key Management Personnel
º Mr. N. Chahdrasekarah
º Mr. S. Mahalihgam
º Mr. Phiroz Vahdrevala
144
Annual Report 2010-11
B) Transactions with Related Parties
Year ended March 31, 2011
(` crores)
Holding
Company
Subsidiaries Fellow
Subsidiaries
Associates Key
Management
Personnel
Total
Issue of bonus shares - - - - - -
72.17 - 0.04 - 0.03 72.24
Brand equity contribution 51.69 - - - - 51.69
61.47 - - - - 61.47
Purchase of fixed assets - 37.88 32.14 - - 70.02
3.85 20.47 17.58 - - 41.90
Loans and advances given 0.37 - - - - 0.37
- 90.21 - - - 90.21
Loans and advances repaid - 31.94 - - - 31.94
- 131.35 - - - 131.35
Inter-corporate deposit placed - 5.00 85.00 - - 90.00
- - 164.00 - - 164.00
Inter-corporate deposit - 5.00 105.00 - - 110.00
matured - - 39.00 - - 39.00
Purchase of investment - 1.93 146.02 - - 147.95
1000.00 43.46 200.00 - - 1243.46
Sale of investment - - 150.00 - - 150.00
(Including interest) - - - - - -
Revenues 0.15 17662.18 398.27 0.20 - 18060.80
0.71 13555.88 331.66 - - 13888.25
Interest income 85.00 23.62 33.66 - - 142.28
16.30 25.76 9.01 - - 51.07
Dividend income - 33.39 0.77 - - 34.16
- 11.62 - - - 11.62
Rent income - 0.72 - - - 0.72
- 0.57 - - - 0.57
Other income - 0.03 0.65 - - 0.68
- 0.55 0.38 - - 0.93
Purchase of goods, services 0.63 846.57 117.47 - - 964.67
and facilities (including
reimbursement)
0.18 519.57 90.73 - - 610.48
Rent paid 0.74 33.64 1.33 - - 35.71
0.67 42.52 1.29 - - 44.48
Provision for doubtful debts / - 5.88 0.78 0.03 - 6.69
advances 0.20 - 8.29 - - 8.49
Bad debts written-off - - 0.10 - - 0.10
- 0.04 - - - 0.04
Excess provision written back 0.20 - 3.09 - - 3.29
- - 0.31 - - 0.31
Dividend paid 2886.81 - 4.10 - 0.67 2891.58
1226.89 - 0.72 - 0.46 1228.07
Dividend on redeemable 17.00 - - - - 17.00
preference shares (paid) 7.00 - - - - 7.00
Guarantees - 176.59 - - - 176.59
- 2.92 - - - 2.92
Remuneration - - - - 10.05 10.05
- - - - 10.65 10.65
145
C) Balances with Related Parties
As at March 31, 2011
(` crores)
Holding
Company
Subsidiaries Fellow
Subsidiaries
Associates Key
Management
Personnel
Total
Debtors, Unbilled revenue, 59.28 2075.42 311.57 0.06 - 2446.33
Loans and advances
19.07 1770.18 237.93 - - 2027.18
Sundry creditors, Advance
billings and deferred
revenues, Advances from
customers
51.73
70.00
861.57
932.04
34.44
27.31
0.02
-
-
-
947.76
1029.35
Guarantees - 2120.91 - - - 2120.91
- 1851.93 - - - 1851.93
Investment in Debentures 1000.00 - 200.00 - - 1200.00
1000.00 - 200.00 - - 1200.00
D) Disclosure of Material Transactions with Related Parties
(` crores)
2011 2010
Purchase of fixed assets
CMC Limited 37.87 19.77
Tata Consulting Engineers Limited 10.75 6.43
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 20.54 11.11
Loans and advances given during the year
Tata Sons Limited 0.37 -
CMC Limited - 1.22
Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. - 86.12
Loans and advances repaid during the year
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited 31.94 -
CMC Limited - 35.72
Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. - 85.85
Inter-corporate deposits placed
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 80.00 100.00
Tata Sky Limited 5.00 25.00
Infiniti Retail Limited - 14.00
Panatone Finvest Limited - 15.00
Inter-corporate deposits matured
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 80.00 -
Tata Autcomp Systems Limited 25.00 -
Infiniti Retail Limited - 14.00
Panatone Finvest Limited - 15.00
Purchase of investments
Tata Sons Limited - 1000.00
Tata Capital Limited 146.02 -
Panatone Finvest Limited - 200.00
Sale of investments (including interest)
Tata Capital Limited 150.00 -
146
Annual Report 2010-11
(` crores)
2011 2010
Revenues
Tata America International Corporation 14883.99 11563.67
Interest income
Tata Sons Limited 85.00 16.30
CMC Limited - 2.20
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited 12.82 11.10
Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited 9.63 6.11
Panatone Finvest Limited 17.50 0.35
Dividend income
TCS e-Serve Limited 17.90 -
CMC Limited 15.49 11.62
Purchase of goods, services and facilities (including reimbursement)
CMC Limited 132.35 125.21
CMC Americas Inc. 322.49 232.03
Rent paid
CMC Limited 13.76 11.12
Diligenta Limited 17.77 30.64
Provision for doubtful debts/advances
Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU 5.88 -
Tata Teleservices Limited - 8.29
Bad debts written-off
TCS e-Serve Limited - 0.04
Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited 0.08 -
Excess provision written back
Tata Teleservices Limited 3.05 -
Tata Capital Limited - 0.20
Guarantees given during the year
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited - 2.92
Diligenta Limited 164.02 -
Remuneration to Key Management Personnel
Mr. N. Chandrasekaran 5.30 2.98
Mr. S. Mahalingam 2.85 2.36
Mr. Phiroz Vandrevala 1.90 1.69
Debtors, Unbilled revenue, Loans and advances
Tata America International Corporation 599.84 475.11
TCS Iberoamerica SA 279.53 270.97
TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited 331.89 316.73
Sundry creditors, Advance billings and deferred revenues, Advances
from customers
Tata America International Corporation 234.08 252.99
CMC Limited 84.07 65.57
Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV 104.47 186.03
Guarantees outstanding
Diligenta Limited 1978.41 1719.32
Investment in Debentures
Tata Sons Limited 1000.00 1000.00
Panatone Finvest Limited 200.00 200.00
147
12) Managerial Remuneration
(` crores)
2011 2010
1. Managing Director and other Whole-time Directors
(a) Salaries (including Company’s contribution to Provident and
Superannuation funds)
1.46 1.75
(b) Commission 7.10 6.95
(c) Estimated value of perquisites and allowances 1.49 1.95
10.05 10.65
2. Non Whole-time Directors
(a) Commission 8.00 4.50
(b) Sitting fees 0.09 0.08
8.09 4.58
Total Remuneration 18.14 15.23
Notes:
i) The above figures do not include (a) provisions for encashable leave, gratuity and premium paid for Group Health
Insurance as separate actuarial valuation / premium paid are not available for the Whole-time Directors and
(b) retirement benefits of ` 0.84 crore (March 31, 2010 : ` 14.08 crores) to the former Managing Director.
ii) Computation of Net Profit in accordance with Section 309 (5) of the Companies Act, 1956.
(` crores)
2011 2010
Profit before taxes and exceptional items 8700.43 6370.38
Add:
(a) Managerial Remuneration 18.14 15.23
(b) Provision for doubtful debts and advances (net) - 155.46
(c) Provision for diminution in value of long-term investments 8.29 -
26.43 170.69
Less:
(a) Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current
investments (net)
73.61 148.41
(b) Profit on sale of long-term investments - 1.15
(c) Capital profits on sale of fixed assets 0.38 0.62
(d) Write back of provision for doubtful debts and advances (net) 95.96 -
169.95 150.18
Net Profit as per Section 309 (5) of the Companies Act, 1956 8556.91 6390.89
Commission:
(a) Whole-time Directors 7.10 6.95
(b) Non Whole-time Directors 8.00 4.50
The remuneration payable to the Whole-time directors is subject to approval of the shareholders.
148
Annual Report 2010-11
13) Auditor’s remuneration
(` crores)
2011 2010
For services as auditors, including quarterly audits 2.10 2.10
For Tax Audit 0.35 0.35
For Other services * 3.02 2.58
Reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses 0.12 0.10
For service tax ** 0.58 0.53
The remuneration disclosed above excludes fees of ` 0.70 crore (Previous year : ` 0.89 crore) for attest and other professional
services rendered by a firm of accountants in which some partners of the firm of statutory auditors are partners.
* Other services include fees towards attest services ` 2.87 crores (Previous year : ` 2.30 crores).
** Service tax credit has been / will be availed.
14) Current tax includes additional provision (net) of ` 94.50 crores (Previous year : Current tax includes write back of provision
(net) ` 13.98 crores) in domestic and certain overseas jurisdiction relating to earlier years. The impact on MAT entitlement of
earlier periods is ` 267.14 crores (Previous year : ` Nil).
15) Contingent Liabilities
(` crores)
As at
March 31, 2011
As at
March 31, 2010
Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debt 20.32 18.54
Income Tax demands 602.65 259.02
Indirect Tax demands 62.61 47.99
Guarantees given by the Company on behalf of subsidiaries (See note (ii) below) 2120.91 1851.93
Notes:
i) TCS e-Serve Limited has a contingent liability of ` 236.41 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 212.59 crores) in respect of Income
Tax matters in dispute. As on the acquisition date, i.e. December 31, 2008 TCS e-Serve Limited has net advance taxes
aggregating to ` 185.13 crores against disputed amounts for the various assessment years. The Company is entitled
to an indemnification from the seller, of the above referred contingent claims on TCS e-Serve Limited, and would
be required to refund to the seller, amounts equal to the monies received by TCS e-Serve Limited, on all such claims,
as an adjustment to the purchase price consideration.
ii) The Company has pr ovi ded guar ant ees aggr egat i ng t o ` 1978. 41 cr or es ( GBP 275. 60 mi l l i on)
(March 31, 2010 : ` 1719.32 crores) (GBP 252.50 million) to third parties on behalf of its subsidiary Diligenta Limited.
The Company does not expect any outflow of resources in respect of the above.
iii) The Company has undertaken to provide financial support for the amount of loan taken by a subsidiary and interest
thereon. As at March 31, 2011, an amount of ` 6.34 crores has been provided for in the books of accounts of the
Company against such financial support.
16) During the year, the Company has received ` 27.33 crores (USD 6 million) from the seller of an investment against the release
of an indemnification obligation, which amount has been adjusted against the cost of the investment.
17) Commitments
a) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided for (net of advances)
` 1132.27 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 1115.02 crores).
b) Phoenix Group Services Limited (“Phoenix”) (formerly known as Pearl Group Services Limited) has an equity holding
of 24% in Diligenta Limited. Under the shareholders agreement dated March 23, 2006, the Company has a call
option to purchase all the shares held by Phoenix at fixed price of ` 217.08 crores (GBP 30.24 million) at the end
149
of fourth year and Phoenix has a put option to sell the shares to the Company at the same price at the end of the
fifth year. The Company has further call option commencing from the sixth year till the end of the eightieth year.
As at March 31, 2011, neither of the option has been exercised.
c) The Company has undertaken to provide continued financial support to its subsidiary APOnline Limited, Tata Consultancy
Services Morocco SARL AU and TCS FNS Pty Limited.
d) The Company has a purchase commitment towards India Innovation Fund for the uncalled amount of balance
` 90,000 per unit against the investment of 1000 units aggregating to ` 9.00 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 9.00 crores).
18) Micro and Small Enterprises
(` crores)
As at March 31, 2011 As at March 31, 2010
Principal Interest Principal Interest
Amount due to vendor 6.99 - 0.22 -
Principal amount paid (includes unpaid) beyond the appointed
date
60.38 - 7.86 -
Interest accrued and remaining unpaid (includes interest
disallowable)
- 0.39 - 0.25
19) Income in Foreign Currency
(` crores)
2011 2010
(a) Consultancy services 26535.18 21115.28
(b) FOB value of exports of equipment and licenses 114.08 128.92
(c) Interest income 16.57 36.16
(d) Other income (net) - 9.21
20) Expenditure in Foreign Currency
(subject to deduction of tax where applicable)
(` crores)
2011 2010
(a) Royalty 2.48 2.80
(b) Legal and Professional fees 91.92 69.98
(c) Interest 0.22 4.01
(d) Services rendered by business associates and others 1375.92 819.66
(e) Communication expenses 142.80 146.52
(f) Foreign taxes 296.46 319.78
(g) Overseas business expenses 4682.89 4056.93
(h) Overseas employee costs 1395.76 1131.00
(i) Travelling and conveyance expenses 88.28 69.87
(j) Software, hardware and material cost 357.70 373.43
(k) Other expenses 456.21 345.18
21) Value of Imports calculated on C.I.F. basis
(` crores)
2011 2010
Raw materials, sub-assemblies and components 14.04 11.11
Capital goods 361.82 101.84
Stores and spare parts 0.01 0.02
150
Annual Report 2010-11
22) Licensed and installed capacities and production
(Installed capacity certified by the management and accepted by the auditors without verification, this being a technical
matter)
Installed Capacity Actual Production
(units) (units)
Document processing systems 45000 4314
45000 9004
Licensed capacity for document processing systems is not applicable.
23) Information in regard to finished goods
Opening Stock Turnover Closing Stock
Qty Value Qty Value Qty Value
(` crores) (` crores) (` crores)
Document processing systems 2271 1.40 6549 12.15 36 0.19
5291 2.87 12024 19.01 2271 1.40
Others (including software license) - - - 1092.00 - -
- - - 792.51 - -
Total 1.40 1104.15 0.19
2.87 811.52 1.40
24) Value of imported and indigenous raw materials, sub-assemblies and components, stores and spare parts
consumed
Raw materials, sub-assemblies
and components
Stores and Spare Parts
(` crores) % (` crores) %
Imported 14.23 80.36 0.01 26.91
18.67 78.66 0.01 57.01
Indigenous 3.48 19.64 0.03 73.09
5.06 21.34 0.01 42.99
Total 17.71 100.00 0.04 100.00
23.73 100.00 0.02 100.00
Consumption figures shown above are after adjusting excess and shortages ascertained on physical count, unserviceable items, etc.
25) Remittance in foreign currencies for dividends
The Company has remitted ` Nil (March 31, 2010 : ` Nil) in foreign currencies on account of dividends during the year
and does not have information as to the extent to which remittance, if any, in foreign currencies on account of dividends
have been made by / on behalf of non-resident shareholders. The particulars of dividends declared and paid to non-resident
shareholders for the year 2009-10 and interim dividends for the year 2010-11, are as under:
Number of
Non-Resident
Shareholders
Number of
Equity Shares
Held
Gross Amount of dividend
(` crores)
2011 2010
Final dividend for 2008-09 declared in June 2009 8739 11,08,03,238 - 55.40
Interim dividend declared in July 2009 9136 21,88,45,873 - 43.77
Interim dividend declared in October 2009 9368 23,55,64,230 - 47.11
Interim dividend declared in January 2010 9515 24,59,40,797 - 49.19
Final dividend for 2009-10 declared in June 2010 9980 23,88,02,924 334.32 -
Interim dividend declared in July 2010 9950 23,95,09,865 47.90 -
Interim dividend declared in October 2010 9435 25,18,31,069 50.37 -
Interim dividend declared in January 2011 9626 25,55,13,132 51.10 -
151
26) Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company, in accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, enters into foreign currency forward contracts
and currency option contracts to manage its exposure in foreign exchange rates. The counter party is generally a bank. These
contracts are for a period between one day and eight years.
The Company does not have any outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts, which have been designated as Cash Flow
Hedges as at March 31, 2011 and as at March 31, 2010.
The Company has following outstanding derivative instruments as at March 31, 2011:
The following are outstanding currency option contracts, which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges, as at:
March 31, 2011 March 31, 2010
Foreign Currency No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Currency
Options
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
No. of
Contracts
Notional
amount of
Currency
Options
contracts
(million)
Fair Value
(` crores)
Gain / (Loss) (Loss)
U.S. Dollar 6 145.00 (39.52) 10 357.00 (115.68)
Sterling Pound 9 54.00 8.64 - - -
Euro 21 149.00 1.06 - - -
Net gain on derivative instruments of ` 20.20 crores recognised in Hedging Reserve as of March 31, 2011 is expected to be
reclassified to the profit and loss account by March 31, 2012.
The movement in Hedging Reserve during the year ended March 31, 2011, for derivatives designated as Cash Flow Hedges
is as follows:
(` crores)
Year ended
March 31, 2011
Year ended
March 31, 2010
Balance at the beginning of the year (76.82) (721.86)
Gains transferred to income statement on occurrence of forecasted hedge
transaction
4.62 74.10
Net changes in the fair value of effective portion of outstanding cash flow
derivatives
83.43 569.79
Net derivative gain related to discontinued Cash Flow Hedges 0.12 1.15
Balance at the end of the year 11.35 (76.82)
In addition to the above Cash Flow Hedges, the Company has outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts and currency
option contracts with notional amount aggregating ` 4432.67 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 3316.41 crores) whose fair value
showed a gain of ` 27.45 crores as at March 31, 2011 (March 31, 2010 : ` 4.67 crores). Although these contracts are effective
as hedges from an economic perspective, they do not qualify for hedge accounting and accordingly these are accounted
as derivative instruments at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in the profit and loss account. Exchange loss of
` 8.88 crores (Previous year: exchange gain ` 91.46 crores) on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts
have been recognised in the year ended March 31, 2011.
As of balance sheet date, the Company has net foreign currency exposures that are not hedged by a derivative instrument
or otherwise amounting to ` 857.03 crores (March 31, 2010 : ` 764.85 crores).
152
Annual Report 2010-11
27) Disclosure required by Clause 32 of the Listing Agreements
Amount of loans and advances in nature of loans outstanding from subsidiaries as at March 31, 2011:
(` crores)
Subsidiary Company Outstanding as at
March 31, 2011
Maximum amount
outstanding during the year
TCS FNS Pty Limited * 214.39 235.62
219.99 229.56
TCS Iberoamerica SA ** 263.71 278.37
265.66 300.05
CMC Limited *** - -
- 35.72
Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU 5.19 5.48
5.23 14.46
Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. - -
- 85.76
MahaOnline Limited 0.19 2.08
- -
No. of Shares
* TCS FNS Pty Limited has made the following investments in its subsidiaries:
(a) TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited 65,58,424
(b) TCS Management Pty Ltd. 4,91,712
** TCS Iberoamerica SA has made the following investments in its subsidiaries:
(a) TCS Solution Centre S.A. 50,00,000
(b) Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.A. 1,57,69,240
(c) Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda 8,67,31,803
(d) Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.A., De C.V. 49,500
(e) Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S.A. 59,598
(f) TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada 3,10,10,000
(g) TCS Uruguay S.A. 5,40,000
*** CMC Limited has made the following investments in its subsidiaries:
(a) CMC Americas Inc. 16,00,01,000
28) Increase in payables in respect of purchase of fixed assets amounting to ` 14.69 crores for the year ended March 31, 2011
(Previous year : ` 5.02 crores) have been considered as non cash transactions.
29) Earnings per share (` crores)
2011 2010
Net profit for the year 7569.99 5618.51
Less: Preference share dividend (including dividend tax) 12.78 19.82
Amount available for equity shareholders 7557.21 5598.69
Weighted average number of shares 195,72,20,996 195,72,20,996
Earnings per share basic and diluted (`) 38.61 28.61
Face value per equity share (`) 1 1
30) Previous years’ figures have been recast / restated wherever necessary.
31) Previous years’ figures are in italics.
153
Balance Sheet Abstract and Company’s General Business Profile
I) Registration Details
Registration No. 84781 State Code 11
Balance Sheet Date 31st March, 2011
II) Capital Raised during the year (Amount ` Thousands)
Public Issue Rights Issue
Nil Nil
Bonus Issue Private Placement
Nil Nil
III) Position of Mobilisation and Deployment of Funds (Amount ` Thousands)
Total Liabilities Total Assets
196899221 196899221
Sources of Funds Paid-up Capital Reserves and Surplus
2957221 192837701
Secured Loans Unsecured Loans
358655 52470
Other Liabilities
693174
Application of Funds Net Fixed Assets Investment
47675506 57954847
Net Current Assets Other Assets
90748563 520305
IV) Performance of the Company (Amount ` Thousands)
Income Total Expenditure
297701449 210697171
Profit / (Loss) Before Tax Profit / (Loss) After Tax
87004278 75699920
Earnings per Share in `
(Weighted Average)
Dividend Rate % #
38.61 1400
# includes interim dividend of ` 6 per share paid during the year.
V) Generic Names of Principal Products/Services of Company (as per monetary terms)
Item Code No. (ITC Code) 85249009
Product Description Computer Software
154
Annual Report 2010-11
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156
Annual Report 2010-11
Notes
157
Notes
158
Annual Report 2010-11
Notes
159
Notes
160
Annual Report 2010-11
Notes
Produced and designed by Corporate Communications & TCS Design Services
Awards and Recognitions
Supplier, Partner and Industry Awards
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Rated Level A+ for its Sustainability Report by
Global Reporting Initiative
ICAI Gold Shield Award for Excellence in
Financial Reporting
Hua Xia Bank and TCS win Best Core Banking
Project Implementation Award
Winner 2010 SAP® Pinnacle Award
CMAI INFOCOM National Telecom Awards 2010
Best Recovery of the Year Award
(Business Continuity Institute)
Outstanding Team Contribution Award
(Woolworths' team at Annual IT Supplier Awards)
Talent Management Awards
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Top Employer in the Netherlands
Leading E-Human Resources Management
(Singapore HR Institute)
Asia's Best Employer Brand Awards 2010
Investing in People Award (Ohio, USA)
HR Excellence Awards for Leadership Development
and Diversity
Workforce Management’s Optimas Award
for 'General Excellence'
Best HRM Company in China
Recruiting and Staffing Industry Leader
of the Year (RASBIC)
Tata Consultancy Services Limited
9th Floor Nirmal Building Nariman Point Mumbai 400 021
www.tcs.com
IT Services
Business Solutions
Outsourcing

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Vijay Kelkar Ishaat Hussain Company Secretary Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Statutory Auditors Deloitte Haskins & Sells US GAAP Auditors Deloitte Haskins & Sells Registered Office 9th Floor. Dr. Fort Mumbai 400 001 Tel : 91 22 6778 9999 Fax : 91 22 6778 9000 E-mail: investor.com Registrars & Transfer Agents TSR Darashaw Limited 6-10. Nirmal Building Nariman Point.tcs.tsrdarashaw. 2011) R N Tata (Chairman) S Ramadorai (Vice Chairman) N Chandrasekaran (CEO & Managing Director) Aman Mehta V Thyagarajan Prof. Clayton M Christensen Dr.com . Mumbai 400 021 Tel : 91 22 6778 9595 Fax : 91 22 6778 9660 Website : www. Ron Sommer Laura M Cha S Mahalingam (CFO & Executive Director) Phiroz Vandrevala (Executive Director) Dr. Moses Road. Mahalaxmi Mumbai 400 011 Tel : 91 22 6656 8484 Fax : 91 22 6656 8494 E-mail: csg-unit@tsrdarashaw.com 9 Corporate Office TCS House Raveline Street.com Website: www. E. Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate 20.relations@tcs.Board of Directors (As of March 31.

Annual Report 2010-11 Management Team Function Corporate CEO CFO Corporate Affairs Global Human Resources Geography Heads North America Europe APAC Surya Kant A S Lakshminarayanan Girija Pande Vish Iyer Qi Qi Dong Masahiko Kaji Latin America MEA India Functions Marketing Corporate Communication R&D Human Resources John Lenzen Pradipta Bagchi K Ananth Krishnan Ritu Anand Ashok Mukherjee K Ganesan Thomas Simon S Narasimhan Legal Finance Satya Hegde B Sanyal V Ramakrishnan Pauroos Karkaria G S Lakshminarayanan Rajesh Gopinathan Company Secretary Chief Compliance Officer Security Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Ravindra J Shah R K Raghavan Henry Manzano Girish Ramachandran Srinivasa G Raghavan N Chandrasekaran S Mahalingam Phiroz Vandrevala Ajoyendra Mukherjee Name 10 .

Resources & Utilities Media and Information Services Travel & Hospitality Strategic Growth Units TCS Financial Services Small & Medium Business Platform BPO Service Units Global Consulting Practice Engineering & Industrial Services Infrastructure Services BPO Global Delivery Network Assurance Services Enterprise Solutions Alliances Internal IT J Rajagopal Regu Ayyaswamy P R Krishnan Abid Ali Neemuchwala Gabriel Rozman Siva Ganesan Krishnan Ramanujam K Jayaramakrishnan Alok Kumar N G Subramaniam Venguswamy Ramaswamy Raj Agrawal Tanmoy Chakrabarty Pratik Pal Debashis Ghosh Hasit Kaji Kamal Bhadada S Sukanya Name 11 .Management Team Function Industry Service Units Banking & Financial Services Ramanamurthy Magapu K Krithivasan Susheel Vasudevan Tej Paul Bhatla Insurance Vijaya Deepti Suresh Muthuswami Telecom Manufacturing Hi Tech Ravi Viswanathan Milind Lakkad Nagaraj Ijari Carol Wilson Government Retail & Distribution Life Sciences & Healthcare Energy.

82 469. Depreciation and Tax (vi) Interest (vii) Depreciation and Amortisation (viii) Profit before Taxes (ix) Provision for Taxes (x) Minority Interest and Share of Loss of Associates (xi) Net Profit for the Year (xii) Balance Brought Forward from Previous Year (xiii) Amount Available for Appropriation Appropriations (a) Interim Dividends on Equity Shares (b) Proposed Final Dividend on Equity Shares (c) Proposed Special Dividend on Equity Shares (d) Proposed Total Dividend on Equity Shares (e) Proposed Dividend on Redeemable Preference Shares (f) Tax on Dividends (g) General Reserve (h) Balance carried to Balance Sheet 17.Annual Report 2010-11 Directors’ Report To the Members.10 92.01 9.04 13.130.00 14.2010 29.03 18.914.41 15.00 11. Dividend Based on the Company’s performance.37 11.770.069.300.458.782.92 604.028.174.458.275.51 30.565.78 9. Accordingly.41 23.000 Redeemable Preference Shares of ` 1 each for the financial year 2010-11.84 (i) Income from Sales and Services (ii) Other Income (net) (iii) Total Income (iv) Operating Expenditure (v) Profit before Interest.604.914.289.22 13.174.996 Equity Shares of ` 1 each.565.62 26.89 1.51 30.26 660.608.196.60 29.58 10.89 1.20.068.27 20.334. a dividend of Eleven paise (` 0.13 18.99 26.044.835. The final dividend on the Equity Shares.222.00 272. would aggregate ` 3.00.78 2.2010 37. the Directors have recommended.10 735.2011 2009 .85 827.22 3.13 18.97 121.830.835.36 8.569.89 11.35 8.000.15 561. if approved by the members would involve a cash outflow of ` 1. The total cash outflow on account of dividend including dividend tax for the year 2010-11 including interim dividends already paid. 2011.370.82 757.957.54 537.15 21.258.990.00.020.819.028.43 Consolidated 2010 .18 636.635.45 494.32 782.604.51 9.05 (1 crore = 10 million) 2. the Directors are pleased to recommend for approval of the members a final dividend of ` 8 per share for the year 2010-11 taking the total dividend to ` 14 per share (previous year ` 10 per share excluding special dividend of ` 10 per share) on the capital of 195.78 2.43 17. The Redeemable Preference Shares allotted on March 28.700. 2008 are entitled to a fixed cumulative dividend of 1% per annum and a variable non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the rate of dividend declared during the year on the Equity Shares of the Company and the average rate of dividend declared on the Equity Shares of the Company for the three years preceding the year of issue of the said Redeemable Preference Shares.32 1.20 5.00 663.92 1.740.75 9.672.189.22 3.87 7. for approval of the members.48 16.10 11.372.32 1.26 6.13% of the unconsolidated profits of the Company. The Directors submit the Annual Report of the Company along with the audited statement of accounts for the financial year ended March 31.740.174.32 782.88 16.511.02 7.63 1.72.146.07 37.14 crores resulting in a payout of 42.64 11.618.84 22.928.324. 12 .73 177.51 459.00 450. 1.966.174.78 crores including dividend tax.2011 2009 .14 23.62 8.05 20.83 1.44 751.12 1.88 1.38 1.43 6.67 1.849. Financial Results (` crores) Unconsolidated 2010 .11) per share on 100.99 10.00 657.957.

Ltd.73% than the previous year’s net profit of ` 5. (iv) Retail FullServe Limited (formerly known as SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited): On October 8.99 crores was higher by 34..000.20 crores is proposed to be retained in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company has also been rated by Dun & Bradstreet at 5A1 (Condition-Strong). The Company has registered a strong broad based sequential growth across all key markets and customer segments.028. This acquisition has strengthened the retail industry segment of the Company through integration of IT. The rating is assigned on the basis of tangible net worth and composite appraisal of the Company.3. 2010 with equity participation from TCS and Government of Maharashtra. On this acquisition UISL was renamed as Diligenta 2 Limited.41 crores for the year 2010-11 were higher by 27.069. with a stable outlook from Moody’s Investors Services. TCS has signed a multi-year agreement with SUPERVALU Inc. Diligenta Limited. On unconsolidated basis. International Credit Rating The Company continues to have A3 investment-grade issuer rating as well as an indicative foreign currency debt rating of Baa1. Net profit for the year at ` 7. 2010. The second half of the year also witnessed an uptick in pricing for the first time since September 2008.94% to 74. Operating profit (profit before taxes excluding other income) at ` 10. one of the largest grocery retailers in North America. The rating is not for any specific debt issuance of the Company.04 crores was higher by 29. (ii) Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly known as Unisys Insurance Services Limited): On August 31. The number of policies now administered by Diligenta has risen from 3.04% over the previous year’s revenues of ` 23. 4.017.92 crores.192.51 crores. Company’s Performance Financial Year 2010-11 marked a strong resurgence in volume and demand growth post the financial crisis.205. Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services has assigned to the Company its BBB positive corporate credit rating with outlook as stable.00 crores to the General Reserve out of the amount available for appropriations and an amount of ` 14. MahaOnline provides online internet-based citizen services to the residents in Maharashtra.63%.30% over the previous year’s revenues of ` 30. revenues at ` 37. This citizen service portal is integrated with DigiGov – a state-of-the-art e-Governance solution developed by TCS.324. IT infrastructure and BPO services of Retail FullServe Limited.53% over the previous year’s net profit of ` 7. On consolidated basis for the year 2010-11. MahaOnline Limited (MahaOnline) has been setup on July 28.569. for full services engagement.275.56 crores.50% from the previous year’s operating profit of ` 6. the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co. revenues at ` 29. 2010.62 crores was higher by 29.78 crores. Transfer to Reserves The Company proposes to transfer ` 757. acquired 100% share capital of MS CJV Investments Corporation. 2010. Strategic Acquisitions and Alliances The strategic acquisitions and alliances during the year were as follows – (i) MahaOnline Limited: The Company has entered into an Agreement with the Government of Maharashtra pursuant to which a new subsidiary company.. acquired the entire share capital of Unisys Insurance Services Limited (UISL). has increased from 65. a majority owned subsidiary.92% over the previous year’s operating profit of ` 8.45 crores.044.51 crores were higher by 24. Retail FullServe Limited specialises in providing complete IT and IT-enabled services to the Retail industry.6 million to over 5 million. which provides life and pensions services to its clients in the UK.64 crores.70 crores was up 32. (iii) MS CJV Investments Corporation: On October 4. the Company acquired 100% equity share capital of SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited from SUPERVALU Inc.068. This has secured Diligenta’s position as a leading service provider in the UK’s life and pensions BPO market. This growth was led by developed markets of the United States and Europe with strong contributions from Asia Pacific. Tata America International Corporation – a wholly owned subsidiary. Middle East and Africa and was secular across all industries and markets. 5. Operating profit (profit before taxes excluding other income) at ` 8. Consequently. 13 .416.618. 6. Net profit for the year at ` 9.

women and children. A well defined process to review its HR policies and processes ensured that the Company complied with the regulatory requirements of the countries where it operates. 14 . especially through work with youth. Affirmative action directed to less privileged communities is one of the highlight of TCS’ activities under CS. Continued focus on talent engagement. process-driven.a vibrant.593 employees outside India (including subsidiaries) taking the count of non-Indian nationals (including subsidiaries) to 13. people-oriented and customer-focused quality management system which is continuously evolving to cater to the requirements of TCS’ varied business offerings and is the backbone supporting the Global Network Delivery Model (GNDMTM). TCS has set a new benchmark as the first publicly stated recipient to achieve a multiple simultaneous appraisal against two constellations of the CMMI® model. This enabled the organisation to assimilate a gross addition of 69.30%. value created and certainty experienced. The Company has been successful in building a performance oriented culture with high levels of engagement and empowerment in an environment of teamwork. Quality Initiatives TCS has been assessed enterprise-wide. and helps convey this to all its stakeholders. The above certifications reaffirm TCS’ commitment to achieve the highest standards of quality while focusing on constantly improving quality and processes in a dynamic environment. 83. Our distinct people integration model. 2011. ISO 27001:2005 (Security Management) and ISO 20000:2005 (Service Management). at the highest maturity Level 5 of the Capability Maturity Model Integration® for CMMI®-DEV (Development) and CMMI®-SVC (Services) models. which underscores the maturity of the firm’s fast growing Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Infrastructure Services business. helping to deliver better financial results. Human Resource Development TCS is the largest private sector employer in India with total employee strength of 1. ISO 13485 (for Medical Devices) and TL 9000 (for Telecom Industry) thus further reinforcing the industry domain focus within the organisation. The guiding principle of TCS’ CS programmes is “Impact through Empowerment” where empowerment is a process of strengthening the future today so that risk is minimised. The strategy to have a diverse workforce catering to its global business requirements saw a gross addition of 7. 2011. Corporate Sustainability (CS) lies at the heart of TCS’ corporate culture. not only ensures faster time-to-productivity. The percentage of women working for the Company is 30. The cornerstone of these certifications is the in-house developed integrated Quality Management System (iQMS) . competency development.Annual Report 2010-11 7.20% including trainees as at March 31. role and career progression and benchmarked compensation and benefits for our employees helped the Company to attract and retain the best talent across the globe as well as build a pipeline of leaders to meet its future requirements. TCS is also the first organisation in the world. The strategic initiatives for talent development through learning and development programs and experiential learning ensured that the Company had right competencies in its workforce to meet the business demand. Corporate Sustainability In keeping with the Tata tradition of giving back to the society. TCS also continues to maintain domain specific quality certifications AS 9100 (for Aerospace Industry). These certifications demonstrate TCS’ strong commitment to the environment and the occupational health and safety of its associates and business partners. TCS was certified enterprise-wide for ISO 14001:2004 (Environmental Management) and OHSAS 18001:2007 (Occupational Health and Safety Management) certifications. TCS focuses on empowering the community. TCS was recommended for continuation of its enterprise-wide certification for ISO 9001:2008 (Quality Management).614 including its subsidiaries as at March 31. High utilisation rates were sustained throughout the year.10% excluding trainees and 76. but it also integrates culturally diverse professionals into the organisation by fostering a behaviour based on a shared set of common values. including customers.685 employees (including subsidiaries).665 from 99 nationalities. 8. 9.98. A robust manpower planning process ensures that all steps from business requirements to sourcing and staffing are seamlessly aligned. to be appraised at Level 5 of the CMMI®-SVC model. With this achievement.

225 children and partnered with 65 institutes in China. o UK and Ireland: TCS is working with the UK Government Department for International Development to deploy its capabilities in development activities. TCS Belgium employees engaged in ‘Discover Your Talent’ along with 6 other companies to create employability for immigrant children. TCS is partnering the National Literacy Mission Authority to spread literacy under the Saakshar Bharat programme.50.Education. and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center. 15 .000 during the year for influencing change in the marketplace. Over the past 3 years.000 UK secondary schools. workplace and environment as well as supporting more than 200 charities in the areas of health and education. TCS partners the ‘Wings of Hope’ scheme to help UK students develop business skills and gain an understanding of education in India and Malawi.600 TCS volunteers and families provided education and skills development to 10. TCS North America has made donations in excess of $500. Over 6.000 villagers across Delhi. TCS has developed an IT entrepreneur scheme with the local authority for Carlow University. In addition. South Africa and UK. International CS initiatives o North America: During the year. who act as ambassadors to 3. web-based solution.000 for a variety of causes to organisations like the American Cancer Society. has by now made around 1. For contributing to the Haiti earthquake relief fund. TCS’ ‘goIT’ program that has spread to 12 schools over 2 years. Habitat for Humanity. Toys R Us Children’s Fund. TCS has been working with the UK Government Department for Education and the British Council to develop 300 Global Fellows. Orissa and Tamil Nadu were benefited through rural development initiatives. encourages local students to engage in computer science education and a career path through in-school workshops and a summer robotics camp hosted at the TCS Seven Hills Park campus in Ohio. This program has received several community and government awards including the 2010 Investing in People Award by the Workforce One Investment Board of Southwest Ohio. Over 4. Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.000 persons literate. Health and Environment are the core themes for TCS’ CS programs. Furthermore. o Europe: Activities to spread awareness and raise funds for treatment of multiple sclerosis and breast cancer were carried out across Europe during the year. ‘Med Mantra’ has been implemented free of cost for the Cancer Institute at Chennai. Ecuador. TCS UK and Ireland donated around £200. Maharashtra. Ireland. Approximately 10% of the associates participated in the various initiatives across North America throughout the year. o Computer based Functional Literacy programme: TCS’ Computer based Functional Literacy programme that was first launched in the year 2000. India. TCS employees in Switzerland collaborated with the client of Swiss Re. Themes Mode Education Health Environment Adult literacy Core Competencies Leveraged and Deployed in CSR National and State level IT awareness quizzes IT and business skills programmes for youth Deployment of Hospital Management System Solution to address climate change Volunteering Working with less privileged schools Fund raising events for cancer and other health causes Volunteering support to environmental causes Major CS Initiatives through Information Technology (IT) o Med Mantra: An integrated Hospital Management System along with the necessary IT infrastructure including a comprehensive and fully integrated.

o 10. expenses and other details of the Company.Annual Report 2010-11 China: As part of ‘Operation Smile’. were set up/acquired during the year. Directors’ Responsibility Statement Pursuant to the requirement of Section 217(2AA) of the Companies Act. (iii) they have taken proper and sufficient care to the best of their knowledge and ability for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act.) Limited was liquidated and de-registered during the year. 1956 (“Act”). Syscrom SA and Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA were merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA and subsequently the name of the merged entity was changed to Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA. TCS China participated in a charity auction and donated RMB 26. income. and based on the representations received from the operating management. (ii) they have selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the Company for the financial year. There has been no material change in the nature of the business of the subsidiaries. Significant Recognition for CS Activities o Commendation certificate for ‘Significant Achievement’ in CII-ITC Sustainability Awards 2010 o TCS included in Dow Jones Sustainability World Index 2010 as one of the three Indian companies Awards/Recognitions o TCS rated Level A+ for its Sustainability Report by Global Reporting Initiative o TCS wins Certificate of Commendation for Significant Achievement for Large Businesses at CII-ITC Sustainability Awards 2010 o DataQuest Best Employer Award in India o ‘Top Employer ICT Netherlands’ with certification for Excellence in Human Resources practices and 5 stars (highest in the industry) in three categories o Britain’s Top Employers for 2011 by the CRF Institute (formerly known as Corporate Research Foundation) o Recruiting and Staffing Best in Class Awards (RASBIC) in four categories for the fourth year in a row Corporate Governance Report and Management Discussion and Analysis Statement Corporate Governance Report and Management Discussion and Analysis statement are attached to this Report.000 to help needy cleft lip and palate children to undergo surgery. 1956. were merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. 16 . They confirm that there are adequate systems and controls for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities. TCS donated 5 desalination plants and 2.K. The Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the relevant Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act. a Consolidated Financial Statement of the Company and all its subsidiaries is attached. Diligenta 2 Limited. Retail FullServe Limited and CMC eBiz Inc.000 water purifiers worth around one million US Dollars. o Australia: Following the 2011 floods in Queensland. Consequently. the applicable Accounting Standards have been followed and there are no material departures. o Chile: Subsequent to the earthquake in Chile in February 2010. 11. o Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada. (iv) they have prepared the Annual Accounts on a going concern basis. MS CJV Investments Corporation. Five subsidiaries namely. Financial Network Services (H. These financial statements disclose the assets. As required under the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges. MahaOnline Limited. the total number of subsidiaries as on March 31. 2011 is 54. 1956 (“Act”). Subsidiary Companies and Consolidated Financial Statements The Company had 55 subsidiaries at the beginning of the year. liabilities. A statement containing brief financial details of the subsidiaries is included in the Annual Report. 13. The following subsidiaries were merged during the year with other subsidiaries of the Company: o Exegenix Research Inc. and ERI Holdings Corp. 12.000 towards the Queensland Flood Disaster Fund. the Directors hereby confirm that: (i) in the preparation of the Annual Accounts for the year 2010-11. its subsidiaries and associate companies. TCS initiated a collection drive to contribute AUD $30.

Conservation of energy. 1956. The Company has received notice in writing from a member under Section 257 of the Act. Thyagarajan and Mr. The Company shall furnish a copy of details of annual accounts of subsidiaries to any member on demand. Mr. Auditors M/s. the Report and Accounts are being sent to the Shareholders excluding the aforesaid Annexure. As per the provisions of Section 260 of the Companies Act. Non-Independent capacity with effect from May 13. Diligenta Limited. Mr. 2011 is included in the Annual Report. The Company will continue to avail the services of Mr. Vandrevala proposing his appointment as a Director of the Company. Particulars of employees The information required under Section 217(2A) of the Companies Act. vendors. Profit and Loss Account and other documents of the subsidiary companies with the Balance Sheet of the Company. A statement containing brief financial details of the Company’s subsidiaries for the financial year ended March 31. who are the statutory auditors of the Company. 1988. The Directors also thank the Governments of various countries. in respect of Mr. State Governments in India and concerned Government Departments/Agencies for their co-operation. at the head offices/registered offices of the respective subsidiary companies. Mr. 2011 R. 18. Pursuant to the provision of Section 212(8) of the Act. Pursuant to his appointment in Diligenta Limited. Fixed Deposits The Company has not accepted any public deposits and as such. no amount on account of principal or interest on public deposits was outstanding as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Tata Chairman 17 . Acknowledgements The Directors thank the Company’s employees. Government of India. 1956 and the Rules made thereunder. hold office in accordance with the provisions of the Act upto the conclusion of the forthcoming Annual General Meeting and are eligible for re-appointment. technology absorption. V. retire by rotation and being eligible have offered themselves for re-appointment. foreign exchange earnings and outgo The particulars as prescribed under section 217(1)(e) of the Act. customers. is provided in Annexure forming part of the Report. Mr. are set out in an Annexure to this Report. Vandrevala as a Director on the Board of the Company in Non-Executive. Deloitte Haskins & Sells. Directors Platform based BPO is one of the Company’s strategic initiatives to drive non-linear growth in the future. S. Mahalingam. 16. 2011 has granted general exemption from attaching the Balance Sheet.14. 19. as above. 17. 15. Directors. The Directors appreciate and value the contributions made by every member of the TCS family globally. N. Vandrevala holds office up to the date of the forthcoming Annual General Meeting of the Company. Mumbai May 20. In terms of Section 219(1)(b)(iv) of the Act. the Company’s subsidiary in the United Kingdom addresses the life and pension business segment by providing BPO services using the B NCS platform built by the Company and remains one of the key components of this strategy. The annual accounts of the said subsidiaries will also be available for inspection. Aman Mehta. Any Shareholder interested in obtaining copy of the same may write to the Company Secretary. (“Act”). read with the Companies (Disclosure of Particulars in the Report of Board of Directors) Rules. On behalf of the Board of Directors. the Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide its circular dated February 8. he has ceased to be an Executive Director of the Company. Chartered Accountants. The annual accounts of these subsidiaries and the related detailed information will be made available to any member of the Company/its subsidiaries seeking such information at any point of time and are also available for inspection by any member of the Company/its subsidiaries at the registered office of the Company. investors and academic institutions for their support to the Company. 2011. Phiroz Vandrevala has taken over as the Managing Director and Vice Chairman of Diligenta Limited to drive this business and its execution globally.

83 375.289.339. In the current financial year 6 patents have been granted. To foster a culture of innovation in the Company. ubiquity and health. TCS has initiated ‘Research Scholar’ sponsorships to benefit research in the IT disciplines in Indian Academia. This will increase the number of PhDs in the Company’s focus areas.2011 (a) (b) (c) Foreign exchange earnings CIF Value of Imports Expenditure in foreign currency 26. security and privacy.39 77. The research areas under focus will be tools.97 7. Mumbai May 20.890. cumulatively.Annual Report 2010-11 Annexure to the Directors’ Report Particulars pursuant to Companies (Disclosure of Particulars in the Report of Board of Directors) Rules. TCS has filed 448 patent applications of which 68 have been granted. Tata Chairman 18 . TCS Innovation Laboratories have started operating out of the IIT Research Park in Chennai.3.2010 21.665. Future Plan of Action In the coming year R&D organisation will look at creating non-linear solutions. o Exploring new areas and technologies for future new business opportunities. ADAPTATION AND INNOVATION The Company continues to use the latest technologies for improving the productivity and quality of its services and products.16 On behalf of the Board of Directors. been taken to conserve energy. Adequate measures have. Until now.3.41 97. TCS’ researchers participated in more than 150 conferences and published close to 200 papers in prestigious journals. N. TCS increased its Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) significantly. 2011 R.58 0. The Company also hosted innovation forums in three continents and held over 40 innovation workshops and symposia. 223 patents were filed in several countries in FY 2010-11. performance and agility. Expenditure on R&D (` crores) Year ended Year ended 31.3. a number of innovation platforms. however.19 77.87 8.33% Foreign exchange earnings and outgo Year ended 31.57 112.2011 31.3.20 98. This program will also build stronger ties between the academic institutes and TCS Innovation Laboratories through active mentorship.2010 (a) (b) (c) (d) Capital Recurring Total Total R&D expenditure as percentage of total income 1. TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D) Specific areas in which R&D was carried out by the Company TCS’ R&D organisation is focused on creating intellectual capital for the Company and enabling innovation across the following three dimensions: o Supporting the competitiveness of current business across industries and service lines. o Enabling the creation of new platforms for non-linear business growth. contests and awards were launched.61 0. customer experience.33% 0. 1988 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY The operations of the Company involve low energy consumption. Two major academic alliances with University of California at Berkeley and Purdue University of USA have been initiated.64 (` crores) Year ended 31.

1 billion in 2009 to US$ 42.2 Strategy of the Company TCS’ strategy is focused on using its full services capabilities and its Global Network Delivery ModelTM to create business value for its customers and help them optimise their operations and execute new growth initiatives. excellence.4% in 2010 over 2009 and the global sourcing market size was in the range of US$ 102 to 106 billion in 2010.2. The Company’s ability to deliver an unparalleled quality of experience allows customers to experience a high level of certainty in their IT operations.6%. US$ 225 billion in 2009 to US$ 239 billion in 2014 at a CAGR of 1. with growth driven by emerging verticals and emerging geographies in addition to USA.2 Global Network Delivery ModelTM TCS has established a unique Global Network Delivery ModelTM (GNDMTM) that allows the Company to deliver services to customers from multiple global locations in India.0% over 2009.1 Market sizing.1 billion in 2009 to US$ 201. best-in-class consulting.0% in 2009) . TCS’ core set of values underpin all activities in the Company and these include leadership with trust. FOCUS AREAS OF THE COMPANY 2.2% in 2009) Trends in global sourcing remained positive and showed a growth rate of 10.3% to a market size of US$ 62 to 64 billion and BPO sourcing grew at 10.8% in 2009) Europe Middle-East and Africa revenues 39.8% in 2009) Europe Middle-East and Africa revenues 25. 2.2 Growth forecasts for IT Services Industry1 IT services spend is expected to increase from US$ 566 billion in 2009 to US$ 684 billion by 2014 at a CAGR2 of 3. (Source: NASSCOM Strategic Review 2008 . China. The Company’s promise of certainty resonates with customers as it offers them real business results through optimal IT design and deployment.8% in 2010 (18.Asia-Pacific revenues 17. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 1. North America and Latin America.3% in 2010 (17. integrity.5 billion in 2014 at a CAGR of 5. operations and service delivery. Global IT services spend increased from US$ 566 billion in 2009 to US$ 574 billion in 2010. .9%. IT sourcing grew at 10. Forrester. There is enough potential for growth. Compounded Annual Growth Rate 19 . a growth of 4.1%. The Company plans to further strengthen and consolidate its position in the global IT industry as an integrated full services player with a global footprint in terms of innovation.3% in 2010 (55. TCS has built a customer-centric organisation structure which puts customers at the center of its operating units and teams.2011) One of the major beneficiary countries of the global sourcing trend continues to be India whose expertise and capability in the area of Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) has made it a leading destination for global corporations looking for technology partners. service offerings and geographies of interest to the Company and excellent prospects for growth in the future.1 Mission and Values TCS has built a global reputation for its ability to help customers achieve their business objectives – by providing innovative.8%.6% to a market size of US$ 40 to 42 billion. IT and IT-enabled solutions and services.Asia-Pacific revenues 18. 2. IT spend forecasts by global technology analyst firms like Gartner. trends and potential1 World-wide spending on technology and related products and services is estimated to have crossed US$ 1. respect for the individual and learning/sharing.9% in 2010 (26. Europe.2% in 2009) US$ 31.6 trillion in 2010.0% in 2010 (42.0% in 2009) Global Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services spend has increased from US$ 152 billion in 2009 to US$ 158 billion in 2010. 1 2 (Source: NASSCOM Strategic Review 2011).1 Customer-centricity The Company’s strategy is to be a trusted business partner to large global corporations.America’s share 43. IDC and others indicate a growing market for IT and ITES for industry verticals. TCS’ ability to solve the customer’s most challenging business problems is the core business need around which our offerings and services evolve. 2. 1. The geographic revenues break-up for IT services was as follows: .Management Discussion and Analysis 1. Estimate of the addressable global sourcing market is in the range of US$ 500 billion (US$ 280 billion for IT services and US$ 220 billion for BPO services).America’s share at 55. The geographic revenues break-up for BPO spend was as follows: . 2.7% in 2010 (40.2. BPO spend is expected to increase from US$ 152.8 billion in 2014 at a CAGR of 6. The GNDM™ enables the Company’s delivery centers to collaborate on projects and leverage all its assets in order to ensure ‘One Global Service Standard’.

Insurance.5. Platform based BPO services. This suite of integrated full services portfolio presents a compelling value proposition for global corporations and continues to increase traction in the market place.3 Integrated Full Services Offerings TCS continues to build on its ‘Full Services Play’ that offers its global customers an integrated portfolio of services. Application Management and Enterprise Solutions (2) Business Process Outsourcing services (3) Infrastructure management services with a strong focus on ‘Remote Infrastructure Management’ and transformation (4) Engineering services with a focus on Enterprise Asset Management. 2. primarily in financial services area with its TCS B NCS suite of offerings and (7) Global Consulting capability that brings strong skills in program management. During fiscal 2011 TCS’ P-BPO unit expanded its suite of offerings across the four platforms. product and corporate strategy.2. superior business performance and single point of accountability in the execution of many of their business processes. Industrial Embedded Systems. TCS B NCS solutions are servicing business operations in about 80 countries. 2. deployment and operations. Payments.4 Strategic Acquisitions In addition to sustaining strong organic growth.2. optimisation and time to market competitive advantage for their businesses. 2. ‘Managed Services’ and ‘Accelerated Solutions’ bring non linearity to the mainstream IT and ITES businesses of the Company. TCS B NCS consists of 27 modules and covers multiple lines of businesses like Core Banking.2.5 Non-Linear Growth Strategies The Company is focused on a set of strategic growth business initiatives to drive non-linear growth opportunities. This involves combining Information Technology. Through inorganic means the Company may look to strengthen gaps in its services portfolio. This includes a comprehensive range of (1) IT services capabilities in the areas of Application Development. TCS Financial Solutions increased its customer base by adding 36 new clients during fiscal 2011 to its active client base of 271 clients.2.1 TCS Financial Solutions TCS Financial Solutions is a strategic business unit that enhances the competitive capability of global financial institutions in the banking. This integrated fullservices offering strategy captures the entire value chain of IT . The Platform based Business Process Outsourcing strategic unit of TCS (TCS P-BPO) offered four different platform BPO offerings continued to gain acceptance with customers. In addition. enter new geographies or market segments as well as in-source domain and technology expertise. change management. capital markets and insurance industries using its portfolio of software products.2. the Company continues to closely look at acquisitions that are strategic in nature. 2. The product vision for TCS B NCS is driven by ‘Any place is a banking place’ paradigm. The strategic acquisitions done over the years have created new capabilities within the Company and these acquisitions continue to yield synergistic growth. Plant Automation Services and Product Engineering (5) Assurance and Validation services (6) TCS’ own product based solutions. Infrastructure and BPO services into a bundled service offering that enables end-to-end execution of a business process. in addition to its continuing focus on improved productivity and process enablers for its current business lines. TCS continues to invest in nonlinear growth initiatives that will allow it to drive revenue growth without commensurate growth in the number of people.Annual Report 2010-11 2. 20 . 20 clients went “live” on B NCS solutions during the year.2 Platform-based BPO Platform based Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) or Process Clouds represent a new business model. ‘TCS B NCS Securities Trading’ went operational in India with its mobile trading application with a leading financial services provider in November 2010. with key deals being won in India and North America. process management and architecture. TCS manages and executes customers’ business processes using its own technology platform. Securities and Treasury. and iON – an IT-as-a-service solution for Small and Medium Business.from consulting and design to products and solutions and from implementation to support. The strategic driver behind this offering is to address a customer’s increasing need for more efficiency.5. as customers look for opportunities and partners who can bring transformation solutions which include innovation. TCS pursues three initiatives Software Products. TCS B NCS scored highest in banking platform functionality. TCS B NCS is increasingly gaining market recognition and industry analyst endorsements as listed below: leader in International Retail Core Banking as a leader for Global Banking Platforms. This is marketed under the TCS B NCS brand globally. Cloud based software services.

000-14. The Company continues to invest in research to play the innovator’s role and be a catalyst for change in the emerging Telecom landscape. The Company also added a few new marquee customers with potential for future growth. This has turned out to be an important enabling mechanism for better control of the 21 . Another concern is around whether and how the organisation will be able to focus on the right sectors for future growth. Both these concerns were addressed by the customercentric organisation structure that the Company rolled out in 2008. iON has been developed to deliver IT in the 3rd generation service model to SMBs – deliver Technology-on-Tap. and strengthening of the trend towards outsourcing and managed services. iON is pre-configured with hardware. is the potential loss of agility in an organisation that has outgrown its structure. 4. the Company’s positioning in the various industry verticals are discussed. The Company remains focused on expanding its global footprint and expects to see increased investment in policy management. This structure was designed to not only enhance customer focus and accountability. Organisational Structure A key concern that sustained growth engenders. 3.000 employees.2.2 Telecom The Company’s differentiated domain offerings and continued customer focus in the telecom industry have enabled it to grow with most of its existing strategic clients. Using the very latest in scalable cloud computing technology. The Company’s core strategy in the Telecom industry continues to be IT services-centered full services play for telecom service providers and equipment vendors.2. These evolving dynamics required financial institutions to establish and continually enhance systems that effectively responded to increasing governance. analytics. risk and compliance requirements. when the Company had to exercise various operational levers rapidly and streamline costs to expand operating margin. each pursuing the best possible growth in their individual domain. Industry Verticals In the section below. Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) Financial markets witnessed improved growth through the year. 4. All of this needed to be accomplished while achieving superior levels of customer experience and successfully managing revenues and costs. smaller operational units consisting of 3. To provide SMB customers with seamless service. executing complex programmes in these areas. more than 150 SMBs across India are leveraging the iON solution and have reduced their total cost of technology ownership significantly. iON helps SMBs leverage world-class technology at an affordable cost. Today.3 iON iON is the 3rd Generation Service Delivery Model using Cloud Computing for Small and Medium Business (SMB) In fiscal 2011. as equity prices rose and credit spreads tightened in major advanced economies.1 Banking. TCS has partnered globally with more than half of the world’s top twenty banking institutions and one fourth of the world’s top hundred insurers. Further. The continuing recovery of the global economy. TCS has been responsible for the deployment of mobile number portability solutions and IT infrastructure for launch of 3G services in India. technical and consulting services. network and software bundled together and backed by business.5. Using pay-per-use business model. iON removes the need for SMBs to invest in IT assets or retain scarce IT talent.3 Manufacturing The Company is positioned as a partner of choice for Each of the market-facing business units owns its own resources and pursues growth in its respective domain at the best possible pace that the domain can support. 4. with all the agility and focus of a smaller company. but also to provide agility by reorganising TCS into multiple. 4. various margin levers. The effectiveness of this structure was evident over the last two years. despite its uneven nature. TCS launched iON – the world’s first fully integrated information technology solution for SMBs. The Company continues to work with leading global clients in this industry. will stimulate investments by telecom service-providers in networks and launch of new services. iON has created an eco-system of 90+ Cloud Service Partners across India. each business unit manages its own costs and is accountable for its margins. Authorities in major emerging market economies continued to take gradual steps to tighten monetary policy as inflationary pressures there intensified.

BPO. Assurance. The Industry domain and consulting led focus has enabled the Company to push for aggressive growth. The Company offers a complete portfolio of services in this industry – Consulting. 4. Industrial Manufacturing and Components (IMC). TCS’ Global Footprint The Company continues to invest in developing and optimising its global presence. the Company has further strengthened its local presence by focusing on growing its investments in Cincinnati. during the recovery phase. Business Intelligence. TCS is also focused on winning new key accounts in these major markets by using its integrated full services and GNDMTM offerings. The Company has numerous multi-year relationships established with global multinationals in these markets and continues to provide them a multiple range of services. 5. Key highlights related to the Company’s positioning in this space includes: North American and European Offshore Application Services Europe Middle East Africa (EMEA) Application Outsourcing North American Applications Outsourcing. Consulting and Asset leveraged solutions. TCS enjoys a strong position in the manufacturing industry.3 Assurance Services Growing adoption of independent and unbiased software testing and various transformational initiatives undertaken by clients spurred strong demand for the Company’s Assurance Services. including re-engineering and migration. the Company has increased its focus on the Western European markets like Germany. 6. As on March 31. Process and Chemical and Aerospace sectors. Assurance and Enterprise solutions. This full services play has found resonance amongst the clientele. New growth markets include Latin America. France. Media and Entertainment and The Company’s growing domain expertise in these industries is reflected in the higher than average growth that these verticals registered. Enterprise Solutions. In Europe. 2011. in order to pursue opportunities in global markets on an ongoing basis and enable existing and potential customers to access its services seamlessly. Engineering and Industrial Services. These offerings cover the entire value chain. astute investments in quality assurance and software testing 22 . Benelux and the Nordic region. IT Infrastructure services. Ohio.Annual Report 2010-11 its clients in Automotive. business intelligence and analytics are becoming very important areas and the Company is focused on this segment. Switzerland. All the major customers in manufacturing have grown moderately in the last one year. TCS’ in-depth knowledge of industry verticals. Asia-Pacific and India. Business Process Outsourcing. 5. Also. from new product introduction to customer experience management and boardroom to shopfloor connect. Service Offerings The Company’s full services portfolio consists of Application Development and Maintenance. by virtue of its unique proposition of end-to-end business-focused IT and IT-enabled solutions and services.2 Business Intelligence (BI) Subsequent to the financial crisis. 6. The Company’s key focus in these mature markets is to grow its wallet-share in key customer accounts by increasing the scope of engagement. 6. 4. In North America.1 Application Development and Maintenance (ADM) The Company’s ADM service offering covers the entire range of services around the software development lifecycle. making the Company the preferred service provider for six of the top ten global retailers.4 Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods The Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods industry has been one of the fastest growing verticals in TCS. 5. by recruiting local talent to support North American operations.1 Major Markets TCS continues to focus on serving large global clients in the major markets of North America and Europe including UK.5 Other Industries The Company also services several other industries Resources and Utilities. combined with its emphasis on process and technology has created a strong value proposition for it’s customers. Middle East and Africa. 6.2 New Growth Markets The Company has been investing in emerging markets since 2002-03 and has achieved scale. IT Infrastructure services. TCS believes that these markets have the potential to be significant revenues drivers over the long-term. TCS had 145 offices in 42 countries as well as 106 delivery centers in 20 countries.

markets. 6. 6. GCP has breadth and depth in IT consulting. automation. TCS is the first BPO in the world to be assessed enterprise wide at Level 5 in Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) for services. customer insights. Product Lifecycle Management Solutions.9 Asset Leveraged Solutions The Company’s offerings in this area are primarily focused on the Banking. working collaboratively with its clients. Today. upgrades and managed services.7 Engineering and Industrial Services (EIS) EIS offers full services across the engineering. platforms and offerings. Key accolades received by the Company in this area were: for Oracle ERP implementation service providers. In line with the GNDMTM strategy.4 Enterprise Solutions The Company serves customers in the areas of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). implemented transformation deals involving consolidation. These solutions are delivered by leveraging an analytics-led approach. In fiscal 2011. The EIS portfolio provides a wide range of solutions catering to individual customer needs focusing on New Product Development Solutions.5 IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS) IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS) is a growth engine for TCS. Enterprise Solutions returned to robust growth. During fiscal 2011. It also offers knowledge-based services focused on areas of research and analytics. as well as rollouts.6 Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) TCS’ BPO offers value-added transaction processing services to its customers across multiple industry verticals. 6. The Company has performed well in this service area due to its differentiated position in the market backed by superior domain expertise and innovative pricing models such as transaction and outcome based pricing. aligned to business metrics.space. GCP positions the Company for winning larger downstream deals by working with clients worldwide in the early part of their transformation lifecycle. product multiple industry verticals. The Company has been positioned as a leader in IT infrastructure services in the ‘Forrester Wave Report’. Financial Services and Insurance industry. blue-printing to implementation. during the current year. Supply Chain and Content Management services with end-to-end offerings and solutions that address their global market needs. The Company offers end-to-end IT Infrastructure services by providing transparent solutions and superior service delivery. growing capability in business consulting and increased ability to go to market with multi-competency solutions. North America for SAP ERP implementation service providers. The Asset Based Solutions business has registered a progressive growth and the Company sees greater opportunities to productise these assets. the Company opened additional BPO sites in Manila. North America. remote management.8 Global Consulting Practice (GCP) GCP is a key ingredient in TCS’ full services strategy to deliver greater value to clients. Philippines and Midland. Michigan. The Company’s consulting-led. integrated portfolio of services helps organisations increase alignment between business operations and IT. Centers of Excellence (CoE). assuring delivery excellence to its clients. with the highest overall customer reference scores amongst all the vendors in the analysis. USA. such as biostatistics. innovation frameworks and continuous improvement processes. Examples include: solutions in the Retail vertical. TCS has since been replicating the model in other industry verticals. virtualisation and optimisation services. 6. including solution accelerators and frameworks created by the Company’s in-house Research and dividends. Customer Relationship Management (CRM). 6. It also continued to invest in scaling up its BPO operations across the globe. including provisioning of ‘on demand environment’ for customers and leveraged new delivery models like Cloud Services and Integrated Command Center (ICC). 6. from strategy to transformation. GCP operates as a single global unit focusing on the Company’s existing customers as well as supporting new customer acquisitions. 6. risk analytics and predictive analytics.10 Eco-Sustainability Services It is estimated that the use of IT has the potential to reduce carbon emissions by 15% by 2020. Plant Solutions and Services and Geospatial Solutions. This could translate into an economic benefit of Euro 600 billion for those businesses choosing 23 . witnessing all round demand and it won deals across verticals. the unit bagged large end-to-end strategic managed services deals. This has helped the Company gain strong traction for its consulting services in fiscal 2011.

TCS also launched a programme in fiscal 2011 to support bright students to pursue doctoral programmes thus contributing to national talent development.593 4. Ecoawareness and education. performance is rewarded and where every employee can realise his or her potential. Green product engineering management.84. This has helped the Company build a culture where people are 9.429 69. building strong relationships with academia and establishing its brand in the market to attract and retain the best talent.193 Overseas 11.49. collaboration and risk mitigation. To promote a strong culture of recognising inventions the Company formed a dedicated Corporate IPR Cell in fiscal 2011. TCS had over 448 patents filed in multiple jurisdictions till March 31.60. 2010.601 2. conducting faculty development programmes.899 35.092 26.185 1.98. Life cycle assessments for environment. Human Resources Strategy The Company continued to invest in developing its human capital. ensuring efficient delivery and cost savings and sustainability solutions have helped clients reduce capital expenditure and carbon footprint. The Company continues to invest in talent development through a well established Academic Interface Programme.614 it fulfill the demand to generate value and provide the experience of certainty to all stakeholders. steered by the IP Management Board. 8. compared to 1. This included over 1.603 14.685 31. the Company set up a separate Eco-Sustainability Service with the following offerings: Sustainability performance management. To capture this sizable market opportunity. respected. The total number of patents granted till March 31 2011 were 68. TCS grew to 1. agility.626 people insourced from customer organisations globally.019 7. 9. along the themes of increasing productivity. 2011) 1.500 38. identifying and nurturing a strong pipeline of leaders.011 1.241 employees working for subsidiaries) as on March 31. 2010) Gross additions Attrition Net additions Closing headcount (As of March 31. The Company’s IP strategy seeks to build an effective portfolio of Intellectual Property Assets for future monetisation. Close collaboration between the ‘Talent Acquisition’ team.98. The Company’s innovation offerings for infrastructure simplification.410 62. transition and effectively integrate new recruits. social collaboration.614 employees (including 23. The Company’s customer-focused domains. connected marketing and data privacy have been active differentiators with new deals and given the Company an edge over global competitors. The Company set yet another benchmark with a gross addition (including subsidiaries) of 69. continually engaging talent and helping employees in their career aspirations.1 Talent Acquisition A robust talent acquisition ecosystem and an evolved people transition model helped the Company source. Employee Base 24 . TCS Tools have seen greater implementation in all phases of the software lifecycle. 2011.992 Total 1. conducting student workshops to orient students to the IT industry and sponsoring technical and research programmes in various institutes. TCS consolidated headcount fiscal 2011 summary India Opening headcount (As of April 1.429 as on March 31. 7. Intellectual Property (IP) The Company has a long tradition of nurturing creativity and innovation. Technology and Innovation current customer needs and innovating to meet their future business needs. compliance and understanding of consumer behavior. The strategic initiatives include developing competencies. 2011. Compliance management Green logistics.685 employees and a net addition of 38. ‘Learning and Development’ teams and the business units has ensured that the sourcing-to-deployment process supported business in fulfilling demand.60.Annual Report 2010-11 to transition to an environmentally friendly and ecologically sustainable lower carbon footprint. simplification.185 employees in fiscal 2011 – the largest in the industry. providing internships.

Programmes were offered in-house at the TCS Leadership Institute at Trivandrum and the Tata Management Training Centre at Pune. During fiscal 2011. wellness programmes and talent shows were organised. As of March 31. helped the Company to attract and retain the best talent.8% in the previous year.683 learning days to build competencies in niche technology and 24. The Company employed persons from 99 different nationalities.170 trainees completed ILP programme and a total of 15. These recruits will be inducted in a staggered manner. on the job training and sponsorship for higher education constituted the other key channels for competency development. 2011.656 certifications were completed by its employees during fiscal 2011. up from 98. Continuous Learning Programmes (CLP) addressed the business need of building competencies in advance and helped fulfilling demand and improved workforce productivity. develop their personalities and manage stress at work. Initial Learning Program (ILP) content was revised and training infrastructure was scaled to address business needs. TCS invested 6.3 Talent Development Management and Leadership Leadership Development Programmes (LDP) address the need for developing the necessary leadership talent pool for the current growth as well as future requirements. Regular classroom-based training. Senior leaders were sponsored for programmes at reputed institutes in India and abroad. women constituted 30.4% in fiscal 2011 as compared to 11. up from 20. 9. reward and recognition for high performance and competitive compensation and benefits. Employees were encouraged to volunteer for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes. A continuous focus on improving deployment. 9.4% in the previous year. the Company has made 37. Candidates are identified and nominated for LDPs and provided experiential learning to hone their skills and take up leadership positions.396 campus offers. 28. performance and career management.050 made for fiscal 2011. TCS got day one slots at over 99. A ri on Rate Company’s growth. Process and Soft Skills including foreign language capability.67. taking their feedback and addressing their concerns swiftly has helped improve employee satisfaction. The Company’s attrition rate including BPO went up to 14.Academia collaboration network with over 500 of the foremost universities in India and overseas helps it source the best engineering talent in the country. the industry. The annual ‘Talent Acquisition’ plan includes an optimal mix of fresh and experienced recruits with diverse educational and cultural backgrounds. 25 .30% of the Company’s workforce.2 Learning and Development The Company continued its focus on talent development to build skills and competencies in four dimensions namely Technology.480 learning days effort were spent on ILP. external certifications. Communication and engagement with employees. provides the necessary platform for employees to realise their potential. A number of employee engagement initiatives including fun events. TCS remains the industry benchmark for talent retention. technologyenabled learning. These practices have helped the Company win recognition and a number of awards globally. additional programmes and greater domain coverage. Domain. due to higher demand in the industry.4% of the campuses visited in fiscal 2011. rotating talent across projects. The Company’s culture of listening to employees.4 Talent Diversity The Company has improved its workforce diversity through an equal-opportunity global recruitment program and as an outcome of strategic initiatives like Mergers and Acquisitions provided to integrate differently-abled people with the mainstream workforce.84. These initiatives helped improve employee bonding. For fiscal 2012. countries and roles.The Company’s Industry . Increased focus on technology-enabled learning initiatives has enhanced the Company’s ability to provide these opportunities to its global workforce deployed across 42 countries. 9. The Company’s web-based learning platform was enhanced with richer content. providing opportunities for upgrading competencies and helping employees progress to higher level roles.

The risk categories covered under the ERM programme includes strategic. strengthened its reputation and ensured its inclusion in the top tier list of vendors invited for the largest and most complex bids. profits. market capitalisation and number of employees.000 were under training. under which over 2.2 Risks and Risk Mitigation The Company has put in place an Enterprise-wide Risk Management (ERM) programme based on the Committee of Sponsoring Organisations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) framework.Annual Report 2010-11 9. 26 . These offer a sizable growth opportunity for the Company.000 candidates were trained. over 1. includes taking stock of the risk landscape on an event-driven as well as quarterly basis. This includes risk assessment and mitigation at the company level. Some of the key strategic risks the Company faces. operational and financial as well as compliance-related risks across various levels of the organisation. The Company’s advanced computer training center trained visually impaired youth. Reports are placed before the Board of Directors at regular intervals. global delivery footprint and scale have expanded its addressable market. business / functional unit level.1 Opportunities TCS is the industry leader in India and amongst the Top 10 IT services companies in the world in terms of revenues. 2011. Provisional employment offers were made to 428 candidates. Adult literacy camps were organised in collaboration with the National Literacy Mission using its computer-based functional literacy package. 10.Women employees development in immigration. As of March 31. thereby opening new avenues for employment and further studies. Environmental participated in issues of larger global impact through Day.6 Compliance Gender Diversity . relationship level and project level. TCS Global Workforce from 99 Na onali es The Company’s integrated full services capability. The process of continuous evaluation of risks. employment and labour laws globally and recommends changes in policies and procedures to mitigate future risks arising out of changes in the legal environment. Continuing investments in technology by its clientele. The agility of the risk management process is monitored and reviewed for appropriateness with the changing risk landscape. The risk management process is continuously improved and adapted to the changing global risk scenario. a growing preference for global sourcing and the emergence of newer technologies and business models offer many opportunities for TCS. their impact and corresponding risk mitigation actions undertaken by the Company are discussed in the table: 9.5 Giving back to society The Company encouraged employees to volunteer in a range of CSR activities classified under three focus areas: Education/Skill Development. 10 OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS Non Indian Na onals 10. The Company runs a programme to improve employability of underprivileged graduates and those hailing from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

pricing pressure and / or increased credit risk from vulnerable clients. Building greater client intimacy by optimising operating metrics to lower their costs Broad-basing the number of key clients by gradually moving clients up the revenues bands. adequate controls throughout the organisation and strict adherence to the Tata Code of Conduct. so concentration risks are reduced. Damage to that reputation could lead to loss of market share. Commoditisation Greater competition could result in pricing of offerings / value pressures and hurt the Company’s profitability. Service model Newer models which change the manner of redundancy consumption of IT could result in demand compression / pricing pressure on the existing model. more complex deals that play to the Company’s strengths in programme management and domain expertise Building greater brand awareness with the Company’s Experience certainty 2. Continually scanning the environment and polling clients to detect emerging trends early enough Investing in building intellectual property Investing in emerging business models that leverage cloud computing to deliver software on a pay-per-use basis. in newer business models and in tools that improve productivity. Reputational risks TCS has a track-record and reputation for quality and delivery certainty and for integrity and ethical dealing as a corporation. Continued focus on quality rigour and process compliance through the Company’s integrated quality management systems Strong Corporate Governance framework.0 theme Investments in building intellectual property. Leveraging possible the GNDM™ where Advance planning of visas More local recruitment Working through industry bodies to articulate the Company’s point of view to legislators and the public. Protectionism major markets in Restrictive legislations that impede the free flow of talent in key markets could disrupt operations and hamper growth in those markets. 27 .Key risks Impact on TCS Approach to Mitigation Diversification across geographies with focus on emerging markets Diversification of services offerings product and Uncertainties in Slow or uncertain recovery in the major markets global economy or economic shocks resulting from instability in the Middle East or sovereign defaults in Southern Europe could lead to cuts in IT budgets and result in demand compression. proposition Broadening the Company’s service offerings to become an integrated full services partner to its clients Greater focus on larger.

engaging workplace continue to help attract and retain talent. initiatives Separate risk evaluation at a business unit level for the Company’s Strategic Growth Initiatives. Establishment of a separate office of Chief Compliance Officer and an institutionalised structure to ensure 100% regulatory and legal compliance across the globe The use of local managers as well as consultants. auditors. distraction to management focus. lawyers.Annual Report 2010-11 Key risks Impact on TCS Approach to Mitigation Innovation-related Innovational initiatives are often linked to Structured periodic reviews of all such risks strategic growth objectives. Broadening the Comapny’s catchment area and recruiting science graduates to expand the available pool of fresh recruits The Company’s Academic Interface Programme continues to improve the quality of graduates while strengthening its brand image on campuses and getting it the coveted day one placement slot during recruitment season competitive remuneration. Scaling up the Company’s global footprint through Global Delivery Centers. Regulatory non-compliance TCS has a global footprint and failure to comply with any of the relevant regulations in any location could result in financial penalties and reputational damage. backed by rigourous processes and a robust infrastructure assures physical and virtual security Collection and processing of personal data takes place under highly controlled conditions. Supply-side risks TCS’s is a people-centric business and any impairment in its ability to attract and retain talent can impact demand fulfillment and by extension. disruption to existing operations. Integration risks in Loss of value paid for the asset. so failures could not programmes by senior management only lead to write-offs of the investments made Oversight by the Chief Technology and potential reputational damage and / or service Office (CTO) organisation for tracking / product liabilities but also imperil those strategic all technology-led innovation objectives. minimising risk of breaches of private employee information. Well-laid out integration plans and close monitoring and review of these transactions to ensure that the goals and milestones related to the transactions are achieved. revenue growth. 28 . growth opportunities and an empowering. specialists and experts facilitates compliance A security policy that complies with international information security and data privacy laws.

Approach to Mitigation Decentralised controls backed by an institutionalised framework to keep expenses under control Focus on improving productivity and leveraging the employee pyramid Use of currency forward contracts and options to hedge receivables and revenues as per the Risk Management Board’s assessment strategies by the Risk Management Board. An appreciating rupee can shrink revenues and squeeze earnings.Key risks Financial risks Impact on TCS Wage inflation and other cost escalations could reduce the Company’s margins. 29 .

adjusted for two 1:1 bonus issues. Net Worth ` K Crores The Company’s dividend payment record is one of the best in the industry. VALUE ADDITION SINCE FISCAL 2005 Earnings per share Earnings per share (EPS). EPS in ` a er adjus ng bonus Economic Value Addition (EVA) EVA in FY 2011 has increased more than four times from FY 2005. indicating a steady and consistent increase in the value created.713 crores in March 2011. went up from ` 11. a rise of almost five times.254 crores in August 2005.31. through a repertoire of innovative solutions and superior quality of services. The chart below shows the cumulative EVA in the last seven years. TCS has created significant wealth for all its stakeholders. TCS has built itself into an organisation that not only partners with its customers. to ` 2. in FY 2011 – almost a four-fold increase. 30 ` Crores ` Crores ` Crores . Today. to a trusted business advisor to all its clients. but also provides value addition. In its journey of business success and excellence.27.84 in FY 2005 to ` 46. ` Crores Increase in net worth The net worth of the Company has increased seven times in the last seven years. Cummula ve EVA Market Capitalisation Market capitalisation saw a phenomenal increase from ` 47. Market Capitalisa on SHARING OF CASH GENERATED SINCE FISCAL 2005 As much as 48% of the cash generated from FY 2005 to FY 2011 has been distributed to the shareholders as dividend.Annual Report 2010-11 PERFORMANCE TREND Over the years. TCS has risen to eminence. as a leading Company in the IT / ITES space in the globe. It has thus emerged from being a trusted expert.

2% 23. Expenses as a % Revenue ` Crores Profitability has been one of the focus areas of the Company. Opera ng Profit (EBIDTA)-Before Other Income GROWTH OF MANPOWER RESOURCE more than four times from 45.2% 18.98.3% 22.814 crores in FY 2005 to ` 11.3% 29.14%. ` Crores 31 . In recent times profitability has improved substantially. The operating costs.0% 26. as percentage of revenues have come down.0% FY06 FY07 FY08 EBIT Margin 22.0% 30.0% 22.OPERATIONAL EXCELLENCE Revenue trend Revenues grew to a record high of ` 37.0% 24.325 crores ($ 8.977 crores in FY 2005 to ` 9.0% 20.614 in FY 2011. 32.5% 27.7% 26.2 billion) in 2010-11 – a rise of almost four times from 2004-05. Total Revenue Profits after taxes (PAT) have grown by more than four times from ` 1.178 crores in FY 2011.9% FY09 PAT Margin FY10 FY11 24. depreciation.068 crores in FY 2011.714 in FY 2005 to 1.5% Earnings trends Earnings before interest.0% 18.0% 22.4% 26.4% 26. with a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21. Profit A er Taxes Management of costs The company has been able to strengthen its cost management processes.6% ` Crores 22.0% 28. tax and amortisation (EBIDTA) excluding other income have grown by four times from ` 2.

61% in fiscal 2010 to 29.94%.67 in fiscal 2010).(CONSOLIDATED) Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS Limited) is a public company listed on “National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE)” and “The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (BSE)” since August 25. The major 32 . registering a growth of 24. TCS Limited discloses audited financial results on a quarterly and annual basis.289. the consolidated revenues of the Company aggregated ` 37. (ii) Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Unconsolidated) which excludes the performance of subsidiaries of TCS Limited.324.63 crores in fiscal 2010) – a growth of 32. 1956 and generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP).04 crores (` 7. Financial performance summary (consolidated) The Global economy and the IT industry in particular have been going through volatile times. markets in which the Company operates had to navigate through a phase of one of the worst economic crisis the world has ever faced. the Company has gone from strength to strength and is well positioned for future growth.068. In fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2011. The financial results of TCS Limited as per Indian GAAP are discussed hereunder in two parts: (i) Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Consolidated) which includes performance of subsidiaries of TCS Limited. The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the Consolidated Indian GAAP Financial Statements of Tata Consultancy Services Limited (hereinafter referred to as TCS or the Company) for the financial years ended March 31.27 (` 35.000. The Company remained focused on overall growth and management of costs. without losing focus on delivering value to customers and growth with profitability for the company. The consolidated net profit for the fiscal 2011 after taxes aggregated ` 9. The trends in the financial performance of the Company can be seen in the section ’Company’s Performance Trend (Indian GAAP Consolidated)’.Annual Report 2010-11 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE . [see Management Discussion and Analysis (unconsolidated)].51 crores (` 30. TCS Limited has a number of subsidiary companies which are either wholly-owned or partly-owned.028. The period of crisis was used by the Company for revamping its internal business processes.30%. 2010 and 2009.31% in fiscal 2010 to 24.53%. Post-tax profit as a percentage of revenues improved from 23.64 crores in fiscal 2010) – a growth of 29. the Company’s consolidated earnings per share were ` 46. there has been all round improvement in its financial performance in fiscal 2011. Preparation and presentation of such Consolidated Financial Statements depicts comprehensively the performance of the TCS group of companies and is more relevant for understanding the overall performance of TCS.62 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 8. Driven by the passion for continuous improvement and diligent implementation of its strategy.53% in fiscal 2011.30% in fiscal 2011. 2004. The consolidated profit before taxes (PBT) aggregated ` 11. 2011.92 crores in fiscal 2010).020. The financial statements of TCS Limited are prepared in compliance with the Companies Act. As compared to fiscal 2010. the global economic environment improved. Pre-tax profit as a percentage of revenues improved from 27.

966.FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE — (CONSOLIDATED) The Management Discussion and Analysis below relates to the consolidated audited financial statements of TCS Limited and includes the results of its subsidiaries.14 1. FY 2010 % growth 23. 2010 (` crores) 29.20 15.57 3.10 4.830.00 11.07 1.48 735.94 (` crores) 36.21 943.64 3.78 13.712.00 31. For the year ended March 31.39 71.94 50.69 18.47 11.15 604.62 (0.83 9.63 36.43 100.36 50.13 1.14 100.46 24.62 16.000.26 11.51 % of Revenues 96.37 272.324.31 52.04 4.79 542.782.16 19.20 27.278.30 1.12 24.92 13.97 29.97 7.046.53 13.31) 23.45 4.79 (121. fringe benefit tax and MAT credit entitlement) Net profit for the year before minority interest and share of loss of associate Minority interest Share of loss of associate Net profit 1.71 30.33 22.91 24.36 26.45) (0.40 64.020. (net) Profit before interest.33) 24.55 122.05 2.05 1.092.261. 2011 Revenues from operations Information technology and consultancy services Sale of equipment and software licenses Total revenues Expenditure Employee costs Overseas business expenses (employee allowances paid overseas) Total employee costs Overseas business expenses (other than employee allowances paid overseas) Services rendered by business associates and others Operation and other expenses Total expenditure Other income.21 41.76 21.622.93 35.75 383.289.66 (90.89 8.03) 7. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related ‘notes to the consolidated accounts’ for the year ended March 31. depreciation and taxes Interest Depreciation and amortisation Profit before taxes Provision for taxes Income tax expense (Including deferred tax.00 FY 2011 vs.028.99) (1.55 5.53 10.085.38 37.23 13.189.57 0.10 660.065.186.068.17 1.62 (0.986.96 29. 2011.57 33.334.91 29.86 3.879.28 4.61 26.146.836.29 26.53 9.86 0.196.99 23.57 4.54 70.054.92 % of Revenues 96.62 36.05 0.726.62 31.18 15.30 33 .07 8.32 45.30) 9.97 4.00 For the year ended March 31.89 1.25 32.52 1.48 29.

Euro (EUR) and British Pound Sterling (GBP) weakened vis-a-vis Indian Rupee. Consolidated revenues from sale of equipment and software licenses increased by 35.85) (4.The effect on revenue growth as a result of this onsite/offshore/GDC mix change – was a negative 0. appreciated vis-à-vis Indian Rupee and the revenue growth attributable to exchange rate variation for all currencies was 2.92 crores in fiscal 2010.33 65.20) 24.80 22. primarily on account of shift of efforts – intra onsite/ GDC locations.97 Fiscal 2009 % growth 19.32) (8.86%in fiscal 2010).04 7.25 44.97) 6.97% in fiscal 2010).324. Unlike in earlier years. The trend in average exchange rates of the Indian Rupee vis-a-vis some of the major currencies in which TCS transacts its business is shown in the following table: Industry segments Fiscal 2011 % of Revenues 44.20%. fiscal 2011 was more or less steady on the pricing front.33%).30% (7.40 43. the relative position for India offshore deployment in fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010 did not change.30) (0.18 11. a growth of 23.00 Fiscal 2010 % of Revenues 44.Annual Report 2010-11 Revenues Revenues from operations The Company’s consolidated revenues increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 37.59 8.99 5. Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) Telecom Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods(CPG) Manufacturing Others Total 34 . The significant negative movement in the major currencies during fiscal 2011 resulted in degrowth of 4.85%.30 (3. which witnessed pricing pressure (4.085.65%. the volatility in exchange rates impacted growth.56) 2. Revenues by industry segment Revenues by industry segment .10 21.85 100.21 Change FY11 vs.28 14.57% of the total revenues in fiscal 2011 (96.Fiscal 2011 The growth in volume in fiscal 2011 was 29. FY10 (%) (3.27) 10.17 100. The onsite deployment increased while Global Delivery Center (GDC) deployment declined in fiscal 2011. the impact on the Company’s revenue was low because of their low weightage in the mix of the Company’s business.92 14.60 71.33 (4.46% to ` 1. significantly more than that of fiscal 2010 (17. US Dollar (USD).01) (9. Revenues from information technology and consultancy services increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 36.89% in fiscal 2009 and 3.52 35.63 Fiscal 2009 46. TCS is a global company and earns its revenues in multiple currencies.40 12.37 (3.32% in fiscal 2010). except British Pound Sterling (GBP).04%.278.36 75. Effort-wise. In fiscal 2011.65 (0.77 Fiscal 2010 47.37 23.00 7.30 Fiscal 2010 % growth 17.71) (6.38 crores in fiscal 2011 from ` 943.48 43.93%.37%) and fiscal 2009 (19.71 crores in fiscal 2010.51 crores from ` 30.12) 2.21 crores in fiscal 2010.028.00 Banking. a growth of 24.54 10.88 In fiscal 2010. During fiscal 2011.54 67.09 40.85 2.00 60. Revenues from information technology and consultancy services constituted 96.30 78.82 41.97 USD GBP EUR AUD CAD Currency Fiscal 2011 45. The growth in volume is attributable to increased demand for services from existing and new customers in fiscal 2011.62 Change FY10 vs.13 crores from ` 29. Analysis of revenue growth Fiscal 2011 % growth Volume Price Mix (onsite / offshore) Exchange rate Total growth 29.89) (2. FY09 (%) 2. Though the Australian Dollar (AUD) and Canadian Dollar (CAD) continued to strengthen. all significant currencies.046.

82%.00 North America UK Europe India Asia Pacific Iberoamerica Middle East and Africa Total The composition of major service lines as a percentage of revenues is shown in the table above.20 6.06%).86 21.Fiscal 2011 (79. In fiscal 2011.95 100. During fiscal 2011 revenues from all service lines showed growth.10%).52% over fiscal 2010) due to sustained demand fiscal 2011 vis-à-vis fiscal 2010 were Retail and CPG witnessed significant growth were Asia Pacific (56.65 2.04 5.49 8. revenues from major markets showed growth.92 100.36 5. Some details about the growth of various industry segments are discussed below: during the global economic slowdown.80 18.32 9.25%) and Manufacturing (13.47 8. New growth markets which 35 .Fiscal 2011 Geographic segments Fiscal 2011 % of Revenues 53.80 3.74% and Europe was 10.24 4.80 16.50%).31 4.78 5.00 than Company’s average revenues growth in fiscal 2011 vis-à-vis fiscal 2010 were Telecom (21.The composition of major industry segments as a percentage of revenues is shown in the table. Details about the growth of service lines are shown below: Service lines Assurance Services Consulting IT Infrastructure Services Asset leveraged solutions Business Process Outsourcing Enterprise Solutions Engineering and Industrial Services Application Development and Maintenance Business Intelligence Total Growth % (Fiscal 2011 vs.35 19.65 5.00 Fiscal 2010 % of Revenues 52.22%) and Middle East and Africa (26.16%).46 9.17 100. revenues for all industry segments showed growth. BFSI had a healthy growth (22.69 4.91 24.46 11.49%. Revenues by significant services Revenues by Significant Services .72 1.93 37. the United Kingdom was 18.53 10. Revenues by geographic segments Service lines Application Development and Maintenance (ADM) Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Enterprise Solutions (ES) IT Infrastructure Services (IT IS) Assurance Services Business Intelligence (BI) Engineering and Industrial Services (EIS) Asset Leveraged Solution (Products) Consulting Total Geography Revenue .29 1.58 3. India (32.18 10.73 11.91 100.27 10. Growth in North America was 26.51 15.14 9.30 Despite the fact that in fiscal 2011 almost all the major currencies depreciated vis-à-vis Indian Rupee. Media and Entertainment (39.37 39. Fiscal 2010) 67.20 41.00 48.87 15. During fiscal 2011.42 6.80%) and Fiscal Fiscal 2011 2010 % of % of Revenues Revenues 46.58 20.98 3.62 1.

superannuation and gratuity funds and employee pension schemes.028. GDC and onsite are as follows: Revenue mix onsite-offshore India GDC .92 10. There have been small intra onsite/ GDC movements as reflected in the chart.72 56.30 26.324.Annual Report 2010-11 Revenues from fixed-price-fixed-time contracts The revenues from onsite.81 51. ‘Total employee costs’.17 19.51 13.986.726.14 4. the Company has been moving more towards fixed-price-fixed-time contracts.75 13.97 5.065.21%.31 100. FY 2010 % growth 24.21 Total employee costs have increased in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010 by 24.712.00 Expenditure Employee costs Overseas business expenses (employee allowances paid overseas) Total employee costs 4.18 15. offsite GDC and offshore services are aligned with customer requirements.22 4.98 44.00 Fiscal 2009 44. For purpose of this Management Discussion and Analysis expenses’ have been regrouped in ‘employee costs’ for aggregating all costs related to employee compensation.02 100.186.23 FY 2011 vs. In fiscal 2011 the India offshore revenues as a percentage of TCS’ total revenues remained at 50.16 Onsite-Offsite Revenue Mix (% of Revenues) Fiscal 2011 Offshore India Offsite GDC Total offsite Total onsite Total 50. The composition of the Company’s revenues from offshore.02 55. Onsite revenues are for those services which are performed at client locations. Expenditure Expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure As part of its strategy.69 18. The table below summarises the employee costs: For the year ended March 31.57 % of Revenues 36.69 43. Revenues by location of service delivery The Company has been using its network of Global Delivery Centers (GDCs) to service client requirements as part of its GNDMTM strategy.96 5.94 50. Overseas business expenses primarily comprise living allowances paid to employees on overseas assignments. contribution to provident.79 13. 2011 (` crores) Revenues from operations 37. Offsite revenues reflect the aggregation of revenues from services which are performed at delivery centers located in India (referred to as offshore revenues) as well as GDCs in various countries. It also includes expenses incurred on staff welfare.78 For the year ended March 31.59 48.10 % of Revenues 36. 36 .36 50. TCS has aligned its capabilities and strategy to deliver such fixed-price-fixed-time contracts and the trends over the last three years are indicative of the success of the said strategy.Fiscal 2011 Employee costs and overseas business expenses Employee costs include salaries which have fixed and variable components.12 24.19 100.97% in fiscal 2010.96% – almost same as 50.00 Fiscal 2010 50. 2010 (` crores) 30.879.

97 0.32 crores in fiscal 2010 (0.054.56 1. Overseas travel which constituted the largest component.13% was 0.23% 37 .48 5.58% is more than compensated by an increase in costs for business associates employed by the Company 0.58%.86% of revenues).39% in fiscal 2010 to 13. The significant improvement in utilisation also contributed to margin improvement.54 For the year ended March 31. the customer centric strategy adopted by the Company to service the larger volume of business requirements of its customers.27 1.92 164.37 3.00 1.55 1. For the year ended March 31. 2010 % of % of (` crores) Revenues Revenues 982. In terms of percentage of revenues the decrease in employee costs in overseas locations 0.836.45 2.54% in fiscal 2011) was primarily due to: primarily on account of write back of provision for bad debts 0.83 1.41 1. Operation and other expenses Operation and other expenses include all other expenses affecting the profit and loss statement.73 734.86 245. required increase in the use of the services of business associates. 2011 (` crores) For the year ended March 31.89 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 542. Overseas business expenses (other than employee allowances paid overseas) increased from ` 383.43 256.83 0.97 0.14 2.68 686.08 210.76 % of Revenues 4. lower insurance expenses 0.39 Nature of expenses The reduction in other operating expenses as a percentage of revenues 1. Utilisation of manpower resources including trainees was 76.90 720.03%.92% in fiscal 2011. The analysis of services rendered by business associates is shown below: Fees to foreign business associates Fees to Indian business associates Others Total For the year ended March 31.63 4.77 250.59 112.63 559.20 The management conducts periodic reviews of the need for such associates vis-a-vis availability of the required skill sets within the Company and manages these costs appropriately.32 1.53 206.77 222. 2010 (` crores) 1. 2011 (` crores) Software and hardware Communication Travelling and conveyance Rent Legal and professional Repairs and maintenance Electricity Recruitment and training Others Total 1.10% during fiscal 2011 (80.35 1.87 341. During fiscal 2011.03 422.55 0.09 542.69 0.20% during fiscal 2011 (74.625.81 0.45 1.622.45% in fiscal 2011. Overseas business expenses (other than employee allowances paid overseas) These expenses include travel.84%. The total increase of 0.71 0.75% of revenues) to ` 319. The utilisation excluding trainees was 83.28% in fiscal 2010 to 1.69 0.55 crores in fiscal 2011.01 15. incurred to conduct the Company’s operations. As a percentage of revenues.44 538. The Company normally engages these consultants to bridge shortages in certain skill-sets.97 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 1.85% (from 15.60 0. Services rendered by business associates and others Payments for services rendered by business associates or sub-contractors engaged for software development and other IT services are included under this head.Total employee costs as a percentage of revenues has decreased marginally by 0. mainly attributable to: on account of increase in India head count 0.79 4.86 4.69 302. Expenditure on business associates increased from ` 1.40 0.52 crores in fiscal 2011.00 212.20 crores in fiscal 2011 (0.84 13. marketing and office expenses incurred overseas. As a percentage of revenues these expenses increased from 1.29 % of Revenues 4.78 608.07% and lower other expenses 0.72% was attributable mainly to higher requirement of business associates at some overseas locations.00% during fiscal 2010).261.34 473.21 903.261.40% during fiscal 2010).40% and increase in staff welfare costs 0.452.53 1.66 1.11% was mainly attributable to increased business travel in line with business growth.836. This increase of 0. increased from ` 225.72% of revenues.20% in fiscal 2010 to 4. the increase was from 4.

10 crores in fiscal 2010 (0.61% in fiscal 2010 to 29. Depreciation and Taxes (PBIDT) PBIDT in fiscal 2011 was ` 11. dividends from mutual funds and losses due to exchange rate fluctuations. The decrease in terms of revenues 0. o Decrease in profit on redemption/sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) 0.57% in fiscal 2011 (29. Profit before Interest. These contracts are generally entered into with banks as counterparties. Other income (net) Other income comprises interest received on deposits with banks. 38 .63 crores in fiscal 2010).19%.00 crores (` 272.966.17% o Forward and option contracts The Company enters into various forward and option contracts to manage its exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. The substantial increase of 1. PBIDT as percentage of revenues was 31. are stated at their fair values and gains or losses are recognised as ‘Other income’ in the profit and loss account for the period.86% in fiscal 2010).Annual Report 2010-11 of hedges on maturity.92% can be attributed to higher PBIDT of 1. Forward contracts and currency options outstanding at the reporting dates. hedge accounting is discontinued and cumulative gains or losses on such instruments are retained in the ‘Shareholders’ funds’ until the maturity of the instrument and thereafter transferred to the profit and loss account. travelling and conveyance expenses 0. mutual funds and inter-corporate deposits.97% of revenues) in fiscal 2011.17%. All such ‘cash flow hedges’ are measured at their respective fair values at the reporting dates. Depreciation and amortisation Depreciation/amortisation charge has increased from ` 660.89 crores (2. Interest costs Interest costs increased to ` 26.53% in fiscal 2011.62 crores (` 8. Changes in the fair value of effective hedges are recognised in the ‘Shareholders’ funds’ and the ineffective hedges are recognised as ‘Other income’ in the profit and loss account. an increase of 0.782. in accordance with its risk management policies and procedures.20% of revenues) in fiscal 2010 to ` 735.07% of revenues) from ` 16. The increase in depreciation/amortisation was primarily due to additional capitalisation of computer equipment.62 crores in fiscal 2010). The leadership team continued to focus on cost management during fiscal 2011 as is evident from the reduction in costs in relation to the revenues. the resultant gains or losses are taken to ‘Other income’ in the profit and loss account for the period. Note 18 to the consolidated accounts provides details of the Company’s ‘Derivative Financial Instruments’.07 crores in fiscal 2010). Net loss on account of foreign exchange fluctuations reduced in fiscal 2011. Other income in fiscal 2011 was ` 604. other than designated cash flow hedges.289.23% marginally offset by higher interest costs 0.13% and recruitment and training expenses 0.72%.36 crores (` 8.71% as a percentage of revenues.020.04% Profit before taxes Profit before taxes (PBT) in fiscal 2011 was ` 11. There was an increase in other income as a result of continuous review of portfolio of investments in interest-bearing bank deposits.04%.23% was primarily attributable to: office equipment 0. On sale or termination improvements 0. The increase in the PBIDT of 1. The Company designates some of its hedges as ‘cash flow hedges’ on effectiveness testing is done periodically by applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Indian Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39). On sale or termination of any ‘cash flow hedge’ before maturity. Increase in other income (net) was mainly attributable to: 0.17% and services rendered by business associates 0.48 crores in fiscal 2011 (0. As a percentage of revenues PBT increased from 27.26 crores (1.05% of revenues).71% as percentage of revenues in fiscal 2011 was mainly attributable to: 0.71% and lower depreciation of 0.30% Decrease in miscellaneous income 0.02%.

Consolidated segment result The Company considers ‘Industry’ as its primary segment and ‘Geography’ as its secondary segment. The Company also avails tax incentives applicable to Special Economic Zones (SEZ) under the IT Act.99% in fiscal 2010.30% of revenues) against ` 7. As a percentage of revenues.31% of revenues).91% in fiscal 2011 from 3.62% in fiscal 2011.92% in fiscal 2011. it increased to 4. (unconsolidated) from 11. 2011.99 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 121. Net profit The Company’s consolidated net profit was ` 9. in respect of IT services exported from designated ‘Software Technology Park (STP)’ units.45 crores in fiscal 2011. the tax charge has gone up from 14.04 crores in fiscal 2011 (24.79 crores in fiscal 2011. 068.830. Net profit before minority interest The Company’s net profit before minority interest increased from ` 7. MAT paid gives rise to tax credit which according to the IT Act can be carried forward for subsequent ten years and adjusted against future tax liabilities. Minority interest Minority interest represents the amount of net profit attributable to third party ownership interests in the Company’s subsidiaries.03 crores in fiscal 2010. Tax expenses relating to operations are determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are carried out.97 crores in fiscal 2010.64 crores in fiscal 2010 (23. MAT was recognised as an asset in the balance sheet. ‘Minimum Alternative Tax’ (MAT) was applicable to the Company excluding its income from SEZ. Share of loss of associate The Company’s share of loss of associate as a result of such minority shareholding was a loss of ` 0. Accordingly. The Company has been benefiting from certain tax incentives under the Indian Income Tax Act.Provision for taxation Income tax expense comprises current income tax and the net changes in the deferred tax assets and liabilities from operations in India and foreign tax jurisdictions. it would have sufficient tax liabilities to offset the MAT credits during the prescribed carry forward period. The increase in net profit margin of 1. 2011. Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments are reported under each reportable primary segment. The increase in the effective tax rate from 14. Net profit margin on revenues increased from 23. Till March 31. The Company’s consolidated net profit has increased 29.83 crores from ` 1.196. The benefits applicable to STP expired on March 31.66 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 9.000. 39 .92% offset by higher net taxes of 0.61% in fiscal 2011. 2011.44% in fiscal 2010 to 16. Minority interest registered an increase from ` 90.00% is attributable to increase in PBT margin of 1.189.53% in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010. The Company’s consolidated tax expense in fiscal 2011 increased to ` 1.80% in fiscal 2010 to 12.092.44% in fiscal 2010 to 16.30 crores in fiscal 2011 as compared to a loss of ` 1. MAT would be applicable to income from SEZ also. In the view of the Company. As a percentage of profit before taxes. This is primarily due to increase of profits in two of its subsidiaries.61% in fiscal 2011 was primarily attributable to: Services Ltd.62% in fiscal 2010 to 24. 1961 (IT Act). With effect from April 1.99% in fiscal 2011 primarily on account of increase in other income and expiry of period of tax holiday for certain STP units subsidiaries in India as a result of expiry of tax holiday of its STP Units companies.

30 29.00 10.Annual Report 2010-11 The Company’s industry segment results are summarised below.064.49 11.09 647.00 40 .433.00 9.53 1.76 13. Segment Revenues Fiscal 2011 Banking.92 11.105.18 23.51 3.92 8.68 4.45 8.77 20.63 % of Revenues 28..564.82 30.181.10 5.648.84 704.53 Fiscal 2010 (` crores) 30.324.170.01 46.37 45.73 6.98 8.55 100.00 14.43 4.350.365.564.017.273.292.85 2.488.61 % growth 24.68 1.23 8.18 18.92 122.47 10.750.62 604.80 44.843.44 100.00 32.33 8.e.56 272.526.92 8.05 5.91 27.73 27.416.69 16.17 100.54 9.02 6.54 21. operating profit (excluding unallocated expenses) as a percentage of total industry segment result.37 44.94 The following table presents each industry segment’s revenues as a percentage of total industry revenues and each industry segment’s result.59 14.88 15.751.66 20.70 0.071.91 1.289.37 29.52 1.559.28 7.78 2.07 8.85 100.73 743.82 26.873.020.51 11. i.30 3.62 % of Revenues 29.028.54 546.65 37.028.60 2. Summary of segment result Revenues Segment result Unallocable expenses (net) Operating income Other income (net) Profit before taxes Fiscal 2011 (` crores) 37.324.62 29.00 1.64 1.00 11.94 1.064. Financial Services and Insurance Manufacturing Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods Telecom Others Total Fiscal 2010 Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010 Fiscal 2011 Segment Result Fiscal 2010 Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010 (` crores) % of Revenues (` crores) % of Segment Result 16.09 846.

Some of the agile processes and technologies put in place have made it possible for the Company to position itself well in the industry.05 1.66% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (15.54% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 16. 41 . The result in terms of revenues also has improved from 28.52 33. (` crores) Telecom Revenues Segment result Fiscal 2011 5.181.Industry segment-wise discussed below: Banking.88% in fiscal 2010).23% in fiscal 2010). The customers in this segment were adversely affected during the global economic recovery and increased spending by customers.45 1.488.00% of the Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (10.47% over fiscal 2010).68 3.18% of Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (14.48% over fiscal 2010). The segment revenues have shown a healthy growth of 29.95% in fiscal 2010 to 34. the segment has (1) won several transformational deals using the Company’s deep domain capabilities (2) offered non-linear solutions using the Company’s domain driven ‘Full Services Offerings’ for certain mission critical programmes and (3) co-opted alliances and also used the Company’s rich repository of intellectual properties to bring best practices to its customers.28% of Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (44.61 % growth 16.365.77% in fiscal 2010).72% in fiscal 2010 to 31. (` crores) Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods (CPG) Revenues Segment result Fiscal 2011 % of Segment Revenues 26. The change in the BFSI landscape is reflected in the result for fiscal 2011.843.95 % growth 21.60% in fiscal 2011. which is a component of the Company’s Mobile Telematic Solution.071.94 % of Segment Revenues 30.52% over fiscal 2010) as well as segment result (33.60 5. In fiscal 2011 Telecom was able to (1) add new customers with annuity business potential across geographies (2) deploy mobile number portability solutions and IT infrastructure for launch of 3G services (3) commercially deploy ‘Telco in a Box’ offering to large telecom companies and (4) create a separate unit called ‘Mobility Solutions Unit’ to service all the industry verticals of TCS. BFSI has shown satisfactory growth in terms of revenues (22.84 Fiscal 2010 4.292.80% over fiscal 2010.170.03 26. driven by recovery of business with some of the strategic customers.72 % growth In fiscal 2010. In fiscal 2011 Media and Entertainment surged ahead by (1) exploiting the Company’s full service capability (2) deploying Platform Based Solutions (3) pre-building a Social Web Monetisation Platform to enable its customers to rapidly establish social media based presence on the web and (4) acquiring significant experience and capability in broadcasting segment.69% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (9. telecom faced some setbacks. This constituted 44. This constituted 11. Media and Entertainment vertical did extremely well – the revenues registered a growth of 39. (2) establishing a group of ‘Industry Principals’ to advise customers on high end business strategy and (3) filing application for patenting ‘Risk Assessment System’. In fiscal 2011 telecom witnessed moderate growth (18.59% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 9. This constituted 14.48 4.29% in fiscal 2011. The second largest segment of the Company is Telecom (including Media and Entertainment). During fiscal 2011. Some of the major customers cut down their IT budgets and the Company witnessed a reduction in revenues compared to fiscal 2009. The segment result has shown significant improvement from 30.02 1.92% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 46. including marquee logos that hold good potential for future growth.526.105.43 846.11 Fiscal 2010 % of Segment Revenues 26.84 13.29 performances are (` crores) Fiscal 2010 % of Segment Revenues 28. Other significant developments in fiscal 2011 were (1) addition of new customers across geographies.25 36.84% in fiscal 2011.873.60 The third largest segment for the Company is the Retail and CPG segment. Capitalising on the increased spending by retailers on discretionary programmes and making full use of its domain driven full services offerings. the Retail and CPG segment did well in fiscal 2011.350.53 29.03% in fiscal 2011. Segment result has also shown creditable growth of 26.85 3.73 22.48 BFSI constitutes the Company’s largest segment. Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) Revenues Segment result Fiscal 2011 % of Segment Revenues 31.78 % of Segment Revenues 34.73% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (45.

84 29.76 704. namely.21) Segment result Fiscal 2011 8.06% growth in revenues in fiscal 2011 pressure on margins.06 (5.89 The fourth largest segment for the Company is the Manufacturing segment.82 1. Some of the star growth 26. Manufacturing was one of the industries worst affected during the global economic slowdown.80%).750. Energy.68% in fiscal 2010).30%) in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010. Aerospace and process engineering areas continued to face strong headwinds in fiscal 2011.85% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 20.68 (` crores) % growth 31. The manufacturing segment continued to invest in the expected growth areas.44% in fiscal 2010).751.84% in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010) and an impressive improvement in segment result (29.33 % of Segment Revenues 26. which resulted in decrease in segment results from 30.59 Fiscal 2010 2. Segment result remained steady at 26. Fiscal 2010 witnessed de-growth in revenues as well as segment result. Other segments include: The ‘Other segments’ constituted 23.89% in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010).29%.65 2.30 % of Segment Revenues 25.49 % of Segment Revenues 26. This constituted 7.559.37% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (8. Automotive and Industrial Manufacturing and Components improved marginally – the result was a moderate 13. Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) and green and sustainability initiatives. Resources and Utilities (revenue 33.433.273.53% in fiscal 2010 to 25.59% in fiscal 2011.Annual Report 2010-11 (` crores) Manufacturing Revenues Segment result Fiscal 2011 2.55% of total segment result in fiscal 2011 (20.29 Fiscal 2010 6. 42 .01 % of Segment Revenues 30.17% of Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (21.53 % growth Other Segments Revenues 13. The combined performance of ‘Other segments’ was an excellent growth in revenues (31.648.37% of Company’s revenues in fiscal 2011 (8. mobility.10% in fiscal 2010) and has contributed 6.80 743.

07 crores net accumulated loss as at March 31. 2011 showed net accumulated gain of ` 62. 2011 (` 5.00 325. The balance in the Capital redemption reserve remained unchanged at ` 0. Foreign currency translation reserve was ` 200. Balance in the profit and loss account March 31.635.00 295. 2010). In fiscal 2011. 2011 was ` 3.84 crores as at March 31. Other unsecured loans were ` 5.72 100.50 crores as at March 31.73 crores (` 6.21 crores as at March 31.00 crores at the end of fiscal 2010.36 crores (` 72.171. 2011 aggregated ` 36. 2011 were at ` 31.209.604.58 crores was transferred to the General reserve from the profit and loss account.918. 2010).31 crores as at March 31. The Company assesses the likelihood of deferred tax assets getting recovered from future taxable income. The closing balance of hedging reserve (arising out of cash flow hedges) as at March 31.04 crores as at March 31. 2011 was at ` 18.00 325. jurisdiction-wise. The Company’s obligations under finance lease (refer was ` 37.72 225.40 crores as at the end of March 31.FINANCIAL POSITION — CONSOLIDATED Share capital (` crores) As at March 31.44 crores (` 31. 2010) . 2010). Deferred tax liability (net) and deferred tax assets (net) As stated in the accounting policies (see notes to assets and liabilities are offset.25 crores as at March 31. 2010).47 crores as at March 31. 2011. income and expenses are translated at average rates and the assets and liabilities are stated at closing rate.77 crores as at March 31.21 crores as at March 31.00 100.98 crores as at March 31. 2011 (` 31. 2011 (` 68.72 crores equity shares of ` 1 each 100 crores redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each Total 195. The net deferred tax liability was ` 109. As at March 31. 2011 aggregated ` 0.11 crores (` 58. depreciation and provision for doubtful debts.75 crores as at March 31.73 crores as at March 31. subscribed and paid-up 195.86 crores as at March 31. 2011 (` 13. tax jurisdiction-wise.02 crores as at March 31. Schedule ‘E’ of the balance sheet brings out details of component-wise deferred tax balances where the net values result into liabilities or assets. 2011 (` 108. The closing balance in the General reserve as at March 31. Deferred tax liabilities are created against certain items such as foreign branch profit and depreciation.68 crores as at March 31. 2010).17 crores.59 crores. 2010). 2010) and were secured against domestic book debts. 2011. the net deferred tax asset had a balance of ` 160. The authorised share capital remained at 225 crores equity shares of ` 1 each and 100 crores redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each.09 crores. 2010 such different rates for translation gives rise to exchange difference which is accumulated in foreign currency translation reserve. Reserves and surplus at the end of fiscal 2011 was ` 24.72 195. Loans from banks as at March 31.23% over ` 18. 2011. 2010 was ` 2. ` 827. 2011 Authorised 225 crores equity shares of ` 1 each 100 crores redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each Total Issued. The opening balance of General reserve as at April 1. Unsecured loans as at March 31.these are secured against fixed assets obtained under finance lease arrangements. Reserves and surplus The balance in the Capital reserve (on consolidation) stood at ` 24.49 crores as at March 31.00 295.05 (` 13. 2010). 2010). Deferred tax assets are created against certain items such as employee benefits. 2010).18 crores (` 167. Securities premium account stood unchanged at ` 1. 2010).539.72 100.46 crores (` ‘Nil’ as at March 31. Bank overdrafts as at March 31. Use of as at crores 43 . an increase of 33. 2011 were ` 38. Loans Secured loans as at March 31.00 100.00 225. The increase in the balance of Capital reserve during fiscal 2011 is on account of the purchase accounting for the acquisition of Unisys Insurance Services Limited (UISL) (renamed as Diligenta 2 Limited) where the net assets acquired were higher as compared to the purchase consideration.00 As at March 31.367. Foreign currency translation reserve For purpose of consolidation of subsidiaries with the financial information of the holding company.

2011.84 crores in fiscal 2010) in fiscal 2011 Investments in fully paid-up equity and preference shares (unquoted) Investments in bonds (quoted) Investments in bonds debentures (unquoted) and 1. 2011 and consequently the exposure in mutual funds has been reduced from ` 2. Goodwill on consolidation Goodwill on consolidation represents the excess of purchase consideration over net asset value of acquired subsidiaries on the date of such acquisition. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services Limited.97 crores). 2010 to ` 343.08 3.24 1.. Acquisitions Diligenta Limited.172.11 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 179. Syscrom SA and Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA were merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA and subsequently the name of the merged entity was changed to Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA.210.18 crores as at March 31.04) 1. – 59.16 crores (` 266. The estimated amount of such contracts remaining to be executed on capital account was ` 1. – 9.Annual Report 2010-11 Fixed assets Additions to the gross block excluding Capital-Work-in -Progress (CWIP) in fiscal 2011 amounted to ` 1.44 crores as at March 31.24 crores as at March 31.531.67 10.00 crores (` 3. 2010) mostly related to construction / improvement of facilities which are likely to be ready for use in fiscal 2012 and beyond.00 2. the Company has increased its exposure in fixed deposit with banks in India from ` 3. Goodwill on consolidation as at March 31.30 crores in fiscal 2010) The amount in CWIP was ` 1.70 crores as at March 31. The significant items of additions were: ` 299.99 crores as at March 31.14 crores (` 1.71 (1.763.017.459. Such goodwill is tested for impairment annually or more frequently. The additional investments in bonds and debentures are attributable to investments made by a subsidiary in India. Investments in mutual funds (unquoted) Total investments Less: provision for diminution in the value of investments Net investments Investments in bonds and debentures (quoted and unquoted) as at March 31.44 3. 2010 to ` 6.99 343.23 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 214. 2010).305.60% and (4) Subsidiaries of TCS Iberoamerica S.67 1. The CWIP included capital advances of ` 275.27 crores as at March 31.200. The strategic acquisitions which have significant contribution to goodwill on consolidation are (1) TCS e-Serve Ltd.97 furniture and fixtures ` 366. 2011 (` 1. – 9.08 Investments (` crores) As at March 31.68% (2) TCS Switzerland Ltd.459.90 crores in fiscal 2010) ` 140. 2011 (` 219.37 crores as at March 31.232.88 crores in fiscal 2011(` 62. – 5. 2011 stood at ` 3. acquired 100% equity interest in Unisys Insurance Services Limited (renamed as Diligenta 2 Limited).31 crores as at March 31.215. if there are indications for impairment. 2010 30.29 crores as at March 31. The management does not foresee any risk of impairment on the carrying value of goodwill as at March 31. U. Mergers/Acquisitions/Liquidations 2011 through subsidiaries Mergers Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada.62 crores as at March 31.061.18%.762.73 crores as at March 31. The Company entered into contractual commitments with vendors who are executing various infrastructure projects.208.493. 2010).74% (3) TCS FNS (Pty) Ltd. This was in line with the Company’s strategy for optimum utilisation of surplus cash. 2011 (` 1.33 84.90 crores in fiscal 2010) ` 587. 2011. during fiscal 44 . 2011 was ` 1.682.93 crores in fiscal 2010).15 11. merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.79 crores (` 737.682.A.469. 2011 As at March 31.K.390. 2010). In order to achieve higher yield.

Tata America International Corporation acquired 100% equity share capital of MS CJV Investments Corporation. 2011 were at ` 4.093. has increased from 65.977. Inc.61 116.377.70 crores as at March 31.92 crores as at March 31.94% to 74.061.49 crores as at March.969. 2011 (` 1.17 crores as at March 31.73 crores at March 31. loans and advances Unbilled revenues Unbilled revenues primarily comprise revenues recognised in relation to efforts incurred on contracts. Consequently.531. The decrease was mainly attributable to: ` 1.249. advance tax net of provision for taxes. subscribed to 100% share capital of CMC eBiz. 2011 as compared to ` 4.855. 2010). sundry debtors were at 21.16 crores (` 3.09 crores as at March 31.74 crores as at March 31.84 crores (` 5.09 114. 2010). 2010).531.698.31 crores as at March 31.061.906. Current liabilities 31.73 616. 2011 (` 466. 2010) representing 3. 2011 in line with the ` 266.63%. 45 . 2011 as compared to 19. 2010). provisions for taxes (net of advance tax).49 crores as at March 31.69 ` 1. Unbilled revenues were ` 1.41 crores as at March 31. 2011 Current liabilities include sundry creditors. 2010 to ` 6.300. advance billings and deferred revenues and other liabilities. 2011 (` 2. As a percentage of revenues. Sundry debtors Sundry debtors as at March 31. the yield from deployment of surplus cash has increased in fiscal 2011. 2010). 2011 Fixed deposit with banks in India Deposits with banks overseas Current bank accounts India Current bank accounts overseas Cheques in hand.27 As at March 31.31 538.11 crores as at March 31.2010).44 crores as at has been voluntarily liquidated and de-registered. 2010) (` ` 2. 31.22 108. 2011 aggregated ` 8. 2010) 2011 64.354. (` 2.07 crores as at March 31.348.23 crores as at March 31.740.85 crores as at March 31.12 crores as at March 31.64 4.70 527. 2011 (` 371. 2010). These other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts ` 57. advances from customers.858. As a result. 2011 (` 115.565.201. 2010) Other liabilities ` 522. 2011 March 31.77 crores as at March 31.42 crores as at March 31. Loans and advances as at March 31. tax on dividend and provision for contingencies and warranties.97% as at March 31.17 7.82 crores as at March 31.00% as at March 31.06 crores as at 1. the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co. Cash and bank balances (` crores) As at March 31.59 The amount held in fixed deposits with banks in India increased from ` 3.34 417. Current liabilities increased to ` 4.78 crores as at March 31.61% of the revenues for fiscal 2011 (4. The increase was primarily due to: ` 3.718. 2011 (` 4.938. Current assets.79 crores as at March 31. which are yet to be billed. 2010. loans and advances to employees and MAT credit. proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares. Provisions aggregated ` 2. 2010 3. 2010.378. Liquidations Company’s cash management strategies.50% as at March 31. Loans and advances Loans and advances include advances recoverable. Provisions Provisions include employee benefits.CMC America Inc. 2010).14 crores as at March 31.72 crores as at March (` 771.198. remittances in transit and cash Total 6. The increase was primarily attributable to: March 31. Ltd. proposed final dividend on equity shares.

09 Fiscal 2010 8. investing and financing activities of the Company are identified and reported separately.35) (388. 2011 (purchase 30.413.406.34) Purchase of fixed deposits with banks (net) having maturity over three months (2.80 crores in fiscal 2010).79) (1.66) 8.381.74 41. changes in working capital.90) 493. Additional working capital was driven by business needs.658.834.22 crores in fiscal 2010).67 Fiscal 2010 (1.907.38 26.548.75 crores (` 92.80) Cash flows are reported by adjusting net profit before tax for effect of non-cash transactions. Cash flows from operating.421.59 of ` 398.485. income taxes paid.277.23 crores in fiscal 2010).67 crores in fiscal ` 1.25 crores on investing activities (` 5. Summary of cash flow statement is given below: (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year Net cash provided by operating activities Net cash used in investing activities Net cash used in financing activities Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year Deposits with original maturity over three months Restricted cash Cash and bank balance at the end of the year 1.28 1.99) (31. 46 .54 7.52 9.421.37 6.02 479.485.638.Annual Report 2010-11 CASH FLOW — CONSOLIDATED Cash Inflows Cash flow from operations Net cash of ` 6.59 5.638.54 (1.25) (2.850.75 (2.09 crores was generated from operating activities by the Company in fiscal 2011 (` 7.81 crores in fiscal 2010) included in ‘Others’.915.22) In fiscal 2011 the Company used ` 1.001.914.23 The operating profit in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal additional working capital and increased income tax payments 19.406.64) (5.38 crores in fiscal 2011 ( ` 2.94 Fiscal 2010 1.141.459. The significant items of investing activities were: greater than 3 months of ` 2. (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Operating profit before working capital changes Effect of working capital changes Cash Outflows Cash generation from operations Tax payments made Net cash provided by operating activities 11.32) 2.00) 6.23 (5.024.313.718. Cash flow from investing activities (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Purchase of fixed assets Sale/(purchase) of investments (1.25) (4.12 7.914.378.22) (2.652.044.09 (2.042.38) Others Net cash used in investing activities 504.78 (1.413.413.48 4.09 (46.127.485.141.001.09 (1.83) 1.406.38% in fiscal 2011 resulted in reduction of net cash inflow from operating activities.31) 7. cash transactions of capital nature.638. cash transactions relating to investing and financing activities.024.99 crores in fiscal 2010) ` 2.37 3.803.

658.592.35) In fiscal 2011 the Company used ` 4.82) (4.958.Cash flow from financing activities (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Dividends paid (including tax) Repayments of borrowings (net) Others Net cash used in financing activities (4.43) (400.90 crores in financing activities ( ` 2.35) (2.90) Fiscal 2010 (1.69 crores due to the substantial increase attributable to a special one-time dividend of ` 10 per share declared in fiscal 2010 and paid in fiscal 2011 (` 1.39 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 400.57) (22.592. the significant items of cash used in financing activities were: ` 4.958.43 crores in fiscal 2010) ` 24. In fiscal 2011. 47 .35 crores in fiscal 2010).39) (41.658.381.69) (24.57 crores in fiscal 2010).381.

001.62 21.54 1.11 48.72 24.72 18.178.886.065.05 6.62 2.712.27 46.812.831.250.845.256.020.934.52 15.435.553.30 3.607.576.24 3.546.506.as reported EPS .12 11.81 5.169.573.813.468.429.80 22.27 37.15 21.16 5.14 9.36 11.606.797.20 6.32 97.55 8.181.52 3.187.711.86 1.502.88 1.51 33.328.579.67 35.045.550.02 197.656.91 800.419 66.614.384.167.009.62 8.000.187.07 17.003.334.71 1.685.86 8.12 1.63 15.026.11.09 16.597.989.17 1.22 2.341.600.86 12.614 46.908.762.81 51.951.028.643.867.86 15.682.62 FY 2009-10 FY 2008-09 FY 2007-08 FY 2006-07 FY 2005-06 FY 2004-05 30.24 1.714 48 .15 5.88 20.91 4.09 7.52 20.045.633.656.212.98.263.85 4.90 295.34 1.457.05 21.46 18.22 1.41 7.62 1.99 1.06 17.18 48.411.146.15 11.289.407 89.560.209.08 7.619.00 6.60.966.83 10.42 5.32 15.12 6.04 704.068.90 2.182.16 47.67 14.51 9.64 8.69 4.36 25.93 7.57 3.26 4.331.431.76 2.681.52 2.84 1.170.182.46 5.429 1.28 2.148.975.90 2.62 2.256.30 13.43.45 3.12 197.889.04 18.212.74 2.283.67 3.818.395.684.97 13.544.480 45.48 1.36 6.39 4.08 11.01 3.918.843.138.976.111.99 6.92 27.80 6.90 1.75 6.05 9.64 7.597.Annual Report 2010-11 COMPANY’S PERFORMANCE TREND (INDIAN GAAP CONSOLIDATED) PERFORMANCE SUMMARY (` crores) (except EPS and headcount data) FY 2010-11 Revenues Total revenues International revenues Domestic revenues Revenues from offshore business Revenues by geographic segments Americas Europe India Others Costs Employee costs Other operating costs Total cost (excluding interest and depreciation) Profitability EBIDTA (before other Income) Profit before tax Profit after tax Financial position Share capital Reserves and surplus Gross block Total investments Net current assets Earnings per share in ` EPS .771.67 53.27 295.291.694.88 25.93 5.483.949.53 60.57 2.69 1.93 8.87 4.435.320.497.68 43.313.197.51 3.681.37 11.37 14.748.792.36 26.752.79 7.419.adjusted for bonus issue Headcount (number) March 31st 1.250.433.38 5.65 421.08 1.41 2.21 17.150.272.63 7.82 27.80 2.02 2.33 12.514.63 3.99 11.07 5.276.83 2.544.102.06 3.90 13.02 5.603.09 35.394.171.159.620.17 9.761 1.02 2.268.62 9.95 5.21 8.63 26.53 1.57 539.630.47 8.05 5.324.28 4.

07 20.64 13.22 67.53 28.22 27.99 14.69 18.87 39.00 35.07 % % % % % % % % % % 90.91 16.22 25.RATIO ANALYSIS Ratio Analysis Ratios .02 2.00 35.09 0.07 7.95 29.76 74.53 22.14 19.adjusted for bonus Price earning ratio.35 8.50 22.67 21.55 13.20 50.02 13.54 1.97 21.16 31.74 6.84 3.54 4.Financial Performance International revenues/Total revenues Domestic revenues/Total revenues Employee costs/Total revenues Other operating costs/Total revenues Total costs/Total revenues EBIDTA (before other Income)/ Total revenues Profit before tax/Total revenues Tax/Total revenues Effective tax rate .88 71.94 6.64 18.58 21.57 % % % % 23. end of year Dividend per share Dividend per share .00 14.14 19.00 7.89 3.22 91.30 28.04 50.89 20.88 71 45.20 35.45 24.49 46.91 17.06 30.06 11.57 13.44 3.01 1.66 86.58 17.53 7.04 2.15 7.84 11.00 7.adjusted for bonus Dividend payout Market capitalisation/Total revenues ` Nos.95 27. ` ` % % 46.45 5.06 11.31 46.09 26.92 7.55 Nos.58 64.85 52.48 42.29 15.78 72.50 30.05 0.37 87.45 22.86 27.06 2.53 15.24 77 17.32 3.17 20.62 28.40 10.68 15.30 91.50 26.80 9. Days % % % % % % 2.08 26.00 48.44 23.55 87.94 50.24 87 28.67 8.18 44.53 4.72 21.08 4.95 19.15 72.50 2.46 82.11 3.05 29.10 0.06 2.18 24.79 14.51 21.82 12.22 6.45 79.92 70.05 28.Tax/PBT Profit after tax/Total revenues Ratios .25 17.27 25.00 65.27 33.50 27.56 14.75 25.97 18.76 5.78 22.64 18.51 12.00 20.30 74.60 15.57 29.07 15.65 50.16 71.48 13.03 13. Nos.31 92.43 4.90 90.25 90 17.00 9.88 27.24 84 27.00 30.58 36.Balance Sheet Debt-Equity ratio Current ratio Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) Invested funds/Total assets Invested funds/Total revenues Capital expenditure/Total revenues Operating cash flows/Total revenues Free cash flow/Operating cash flow ratio Depreciation/Average gross block Ratios .13 0.17 24.14 28.90 25.38 25.23 25.26 79 26.61 3.04 2.84 14.70 11.78 26.05 3.97 16.58 22.96 9.02 7.28 Unit FY 2010-11 FY 2009-10 FY 2008-09 FY 2007-08 FY 2006-07 FY 2005-06 FY 2004-05 49 .25 25.98 26.81 10.49 40.61 24.growth International revenues Total revenues EBIDTA (before other Income) Profit after tax Ratios .07 10.07 14.43 24.02 4.32 72.07 22.35 0.00 21.00 31.87 3.76 3.00 6.54 24.15 74.50 3.97 13.96 25.88 80 37.78 0.per share EPS .

32 70.95%.51 crores in fiscal 2010).43 3. For fiscal 2011 the Company declared three interim dividends of ` 2 per equity share. registering a growth of 36.52 3.44 Net profit 7.77 29. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes to the financial statements for the years ended March 31.82 Profit before taxes 8.28 178.41 100.63 74.30 14.65 Services rendered by business associates and others 1.93 51.03 16. 2011 March 31.93 12.723. A final dividend of ` 8 per equity share has been recommended by the Board of Directors at its meeting held on April 21.38 34.35 34.78 177.73 50 .21 16.04 2. 2011.61 in fiscal 2011 (` 28. The Board of Directors declares quarterly interim dividends based on the performance of the Company.81 15.618.044.511.59 36.43 Provision for taxes Income tax expense (including deferred tax.23 22.04%.76 11.Annual Report 2010-11 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE UNCONSOLIDATED Summary The total revenues of TCS Limited aggregated ` 29.700.569.28 16.04 34.20 71.15 3. March 31.700.130.171.533.04 27.900.77 811. DIVIDENDS Decision on dividend is based on Tata Consultancy Services Limited (Unconsolidated) financials which excludes the performance of subsidiaries of TCS Limited.605.45 100.UNCONSOLIDATED The Management’s Discussion and Analysis given below relates to the audited financial statements of TCS Limited (Unconsolidated).07 1.29 Total employee costs 14.45 crores in fiscal 2010.83 29.71 1. registering a growth of 27.73% Company’s earnings per share (EPS) were ` 38.41 4.26 96.53 5.17 109.02 3.190.60 6.56 35.17 25.22 24. 2010.72 7.26 Interest 20.41 crores in fiscal 2011 as compared to ` 23.882.72 Operation and other expenses 3.62 0.38 50.95 37.58 Revenues from operations Information technology and consultancy services Sale of equipment and software licenses Total revenues Expenditure Employee costs 10.35 6. registering a growth of 34.52 36.370.54 992.618.99 3.14 1.29 1.60 Overseas business expenses (other than employee allowance paid overseas) 446.232. Other financial performance parameters are shown below: x x x Company’s profit before taxes aggregated ` 8.91 Total expenditure 20. On approval by the shareholders of the final dividend of ` 8 per equity share.69 31.86 25.06 29.275.72 0.01 Depreciation and amortisation 537. 2010 FY 10 % of % of (` crores) (` crores) % growth Revenues Revenues 28.43 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 6.849.51 3.75 14.38 crores in fiscal 2010).00 27.31 Overseas business expenses (employee allowances paid overseas) 4.99 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 5.104. total dividend for fiscal 2011 would be ` 14 per equity share (total dividend for fiscal 2010 was ` 20 per equity share which included a special one-time dividend of ` 10 per equity share).258. DISCUSSIONS ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE .61 in fiscal 2010). 2011 and March 31.044.48 26.58% Company’s profit after taxes aggregated ` 7.27 9.93 96.370.26 24.372.97 10.07 1. fringe benefit tax and MAT credit entitlement) 1.87 5.48 50.273. registering a growth of 34.88 Other income (net) 494.00 23. depreciation and taxes 9.735.05 0.54 469.86 751.275.64 29.569.783.73 Profit before interest.19 324. The following table gives an overview of the financial results of TCS Limited (unconsolidated): For the year ended For the year ended FY 11 vs.

49 302.90 93.783.15 crores from ` 811. Overseas business expenses (other than overseas employee allowances) Expenses on this account went up from ` 324.41 200.605.84 383.23% of total revenues in fiscal 2011 (96.104. Such increase was necessitated by business needs in the changing market conditions. expenses for business associates were higher at 5.82 0.31 12.044.41 0.60%.10 180. a growth of 27.65 crores in fiscal 2011 mainly due to increase in overseas travel related costs 0.91 % Revenues 4. Revenues from information technology and consultancy services constituted 96.45 crores in fiscal 2010.92% of revenues in fiscal 2011 (0.42 0.86% in fiscal 2010).05 3. As a percentage of revenues. As a percentage of revenues. The decrease in employee cost in fiscal 2011 over fiscal 2010 of 0.41% in fiscal 2010 to 1.14% in fiscal 2010).438.79 529.75 477.45%.30 14.76 141. these expenses increased from 4.20 51 .66 3. Services rendered by business associates and others Expenditure on business associates increased from ` 992.254. due to increase in the India headcount Offset by lower employee allowances to overseas employees of 1. Sale of equipment and software licenses constituted 3.48% in fiscal 2010).53% in fiscal 2011.26 crores from ` 22.03 1.232. 2011 (` crores) Software and hardware Communication Travelling and conveyance Rent Legal and professional Repairs and maintenance Electricity Recruitment and training Other expenses Total 1.85% of revenues was primarily attributable to: x x Higher salaries and incentives to employees in India of 0.91 1. Revenues from sale of equipment and software licenses increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 1.735.44 1.23 0. an increase of 36. a growth of 24.49 78.01 1. Operation and other expenses The table below summarises the nature of expenses considered under Other operating expenses Nature of Expenses For the year ended March 31.57 295.03 % Revenues 5.77% of total revenues in fiscal 2011 (3.723.275. The increase of 1.54 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 446.06%. However.04% (2.02 crores in fiscal 2010 to ` 1. Total employee costs as a percentage of revenues was 50.Revenues Revenues from operations The Company’s revenues increased in fiscal 2011to ` 29.30% of revenues in fiscal 2010).57 1.52 crores in fiscal 2010.34 2.273.19 0. Revenues from information technology and consultancy services increased in fiscal 2011 to ` 28.47 240.00 165.71%.60 crores from ` 11.41 crores from ` 23.63% in the fiscal 2011 is attributable to increase in requirement of business associates globally to ensure meeting of customer expectations.171.62 0.93 crores in fiscal 2010.64 122.19 crores in fiscal 2010.61 0.00 503.93% in fiscal 2011.80 284.52% in fiscal 2010). a growth of 26.95%.87 0. Expenditure Total employee costs Total employee costs in fiscal 2011 increased to ` 14.72 crores in fiscal 2011.22 186.30% in fiscal 2010 to 5.32 For the year ended March 31.29% in fiscal 2011 (51.85% of revenues in fiscal 2010).63 0. overseas business expenses increased from 1.81 2.93% of revenues in fiscal 2011 (4. 2010 (` crores) 1.

04% in fiscal 2010).27 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 15.12%.27 crores in fiscal 2010).849.130.04% Leasehold improvements 0. The primary reasons for the increase in other income were: x x x Higher interest income ` 427.04% Office equipment and electrical installations 0.258.98% Offset by an increase in travelling and conveyance expenses 0.15% Offset by increase on account of computers 0.08% was due to: x x x Increase in PBIDT 1. Depreciation and Taxes (PBIDT) The PBIDT in fiscal 2011 was ` 9.03% x Forward and options contracts Details of ‘Derivative Financial Instruments’ are available in note 26 of notes to accounts (unconsolidated).91 crores in fiscal 2011from ` 3. 52 .72% in fiscal 2010 to 31.20% in fiscal 2010 to 12. The primary reasons for the increase in the PBT of 2. depreciation charge was 1.04% Furniture and fixtures 0.21% was primarily attributable to lower depreciation charge for: x x x x x Freehold building 0.90% Decrease in depreciation charge 0. As a percentage of revenues.43 crores (` 6.87 crores in fiscal 2010 (3. As a percentage of revenues.88% was primarily due to: x x x x Reduction in software and hardware purchased 0.04 crores in fiscal 2011 as compared to ` 205.01 crores in fiscal 2011 from ` 9.Annual Report 2010-11 Operation and other expenses increased to ` 3.41 crores in fiscal 2010).82 crores in fiscal 2011from ` 469.88% Decrease in total employee cost 0.20% and recruitment and training expenses 0.61 crores in fiscal 2011 (`148. Profit before Interest.56% Reduction in ‘other expenses’ 0. PBIDT as a percentage of revenues went up from 29. In terms of percentage of revenues.605.69% of revenues in fiscal 2011 (0.53% Reduction in communication costs 0.99% primarily on account of write back of provision for doubtful debts 0. Profit before taxes (PBT) The PBT in fiscal 2011 was ` 8.95 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 196.03 crores in fiscal 2010.83% in fiscal 2011 (2.85% Increase in other income (net) 0.60 crores in fiscal 2010).700.32% in fiscal 2011.23% on account of increased levels of business activity.63% and an increase in overseas business expenses other than employee costs by 0. x Other income (net) Other income (net) was a gain of ` 494.73 crores in fiscal 2011(` 177.77% of revenues in fiscal 2010).86% of revenues).69 crores in fiscal 2010) Higher dividend income ` 39. the PBT increased from 27.26% of revenues) to ` 1.21% Offset by increase in interest cost 0.20% Reduction in rent expenses 0.92% Offset by an increase in the cost of services rendered by business associates 1.38 crores in fiscal 2010).07%.26 crores (` 6.35 crores in fiscal 2010.64% in fiscal 2010 to 29.54 crores in fiscal 2010. Depreciation Depreciation charge increased to ` 537.90% as a percentage of revenues during fiscal 2011 was attributable to: Provision for taxation The tax expense increased from ` 751.62% in fiscal 2011.72% in fiscal 2011. The increase in net tax provision was primarily attributable to: x x x Increase in tax provision as a result of expiry of tax holiday of certain STP units Increase in other income Higher deferred tax expense arising out of reversal of provision for bad and doubtful debts. these expenses decreased from 14. x x x x Decrease in operation and other expenses 1. The increase in the PBIDT of 1.370.42 crores in fiscal 2010 Offset by lower profit on sale of mutual funds and other current investments ` 73. Other income (net) was 1.44 crores in fiscal 2011 (3. The decrease of depreciation in terms of percentage of revenues 0.99 crores in fiscal 2010) Reduction in net exchange loss ` 53. The decrease of 1. Interest costs Interest costs increased to ` 20.273.

The table below provides summary of dividend payout in last three fiscal years: 2010-11 First Interim Dividend Number of shares (crores) Dividend per share (`) Dividend amount (`crores) Dividend tax (` crores) Total outflow (` crores) Number of shares (crores) Dividend per share (`) Dividend amount (` crores) Dividend tax (` crores) Total outflow (` crores) Number of shares (crores) Dividend per share (`) Dividend amount (` crores) Dividend tax (` crores) Total outflow (` crores) 195.86 14.00 2. Net profit margin increased from 24.44 66.58 49.12 Final Dividend 195.82 1.Net Profit The Company’s net profit was ` 7.97 97.01 456.618.602.38% in fiscal 2010 to 25.53 457.00 293.72 2.00 391.05 232.44 66.740.22 325.44 66.72 2.45 195.189.97 97.47 97.00 293.58 49.48% was attributable to: x x higher PBT 2.86 3.08% offset by higher taxes 0.72 20.58 49.51 crores in fiscal 2010).15 572.565.92 195.53 457.00 1.86 3.03 912. Dividends For fiscal 2011 the Company declared three interim dividends of ` 2 per equity share.89 343.86 3.89 343.43 654.44 65.370.86% in fiscal 2011.00 1.72 14.00 391.569.47 Third Interim Dividend 195.60%.44 65.53 457.914.819.45 195.97 2008-09 97.00 391.89 343.72 2.00 391.00 782.72 2.14 53 .47 Second Interim Dividend 195.10 449.00 1.01 456.00 3.00 391. On approval of the final dividend of ` 8 per equity share the total dividend for fiscal 2011 would be ` 14 per equity share.86 5.99 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 5.46 97.04 3.79 Special Dividend - Total Dividend 195.31 83.44 65.72 2.87 2009-10 195.72 10.01 456.282. A final dividend of ` 8 per equity share has been recommended.957.29 195.72 8.78 254. The improvement of 1.00 293.72 4.89 130.69 4.00 489.45 195.72 2.07 2.01 1.00 391.569.

42 crores in fiscal 2010).25 crores as at March 31.98 crores as at March 31.69 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 161. Foreign currency translation reserve was ` 101. Loans Secured loans as at March 31. 2010). Schedule ‘E’ of the balance sheet brings out details of component-wise deferred tax balances where the net values result into liabilities or assets. 2011 was `19.25 crores is repayable within one year (` 1. 2011 (` 6.78 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 17. as at March 31.00% fixed component and a variable component linked to the dividends paid out to the equity shareholders.82 crores in fiscal 2010).00 crores (` 561. and furniture and fixtures ` 269.82 crores as at March 31. Reserves and surplus The balance in the Securities premium account as at March 31. Out of the unsecured loans.25 crores as at March 31.03 crores (` 53. 54 .25 crores as at March 31. 2011(` 40. schedule Q1 (k)). 2010. 2011 aggregated ` 35.00 crores and dividend tax ` 1. Deferred tax liability (net) and deferred tax assets (net) As stated in the accounting policy (see notes to accounts (unconsolidated). Deferred tax assets are created against certain items such as employee benefits.820.00 crores in fiscal 2010).45 crores in fiscal 2010) Computers ` 490. electrical installations. 2010).183.00 295. 2010. 2011 was at ` 14. The Company assesses the likelihood of deferred tax assets getting recovered from future taxable income. 2011 (` 94.29 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 179.37 crores in fiscal 2010) Office equipment. ` 1.72 crores equity shares of ` 1/. As at March 31.85 crores in fiscal 2010).13 crores as at March 31.47 crores (` 1. 2011 was ` 1. FINANCIAL POSITION — UNCONSOLIDATED Share capital (` crores) As at March As at March 31.2011 31. an increase of 30. 2010).61 crores as at March 31.87 crores (` 29.each and 100.77 crores.Annual Report 2010-11 Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares of ` 100.72 crores as at March 31.11% over ` 14.49 crores as at March 31.202.283. subscribed and paid-up share capital as at March 31.345. The issued. General reserve as at March 31.918.00 crores cumulative redeemable preference shares of ` 1/.54 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 49. 2010).00 295. Balance in the profit and loss account as at March 31. 2011 (` 940. The significant additions in fiscal 2011 were: x x x x Land and buildings ` 280. 2011. Reserves and surplus grew due to accretion of profits and as at March 31.426.65 crores in fiscal 2010) Leasehold improvements ` 98. The net deferred tax liability was ` 69. jurisdiction-wise.90 crores.20 crores (` 10. 2010).72 fixed assets. the same balances stood as at the March 31.2010 Authorised share capital Issued. tax jurisdiction-wise.14 crores. 2010).39 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 178.13 crores as at March 31.37 crores as at March 31. 2010).72 325.458. 2011 increased to ` 3. Fixed assets Addition to the gross block excluding Capital-Work-in-Progress (CWIP) in fiscal 2011 amounted to ` 1. 2011 comprised 195. The Company entered into contractual commitments with vendors who are executing various infrastructure projects. The balance in hedging reserve account as at March 31. The dividend payable on the preference shares is 1.47 crores as at March 31. depreciation and provision for doubtful debts. 2010 was ` 2.00 crores was ` 11. subscribed and paid-up share capital 325. 2010).35 crores (accumulated loss of ` 76. Unsecured loans stood at ` 5. the net deferred tax asset had a balance of ` 52.918. deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset.10 crores as at March 31.32 crores as at March 31. 2010) mostly relates to construction / improvement of facilities which are expected to be ready for use during fiscal 2012 and beyond.069.00 crores and dividend tax ` 2. the General reserve as at March 31.14 crores. 2011 showed an accumulated balance of ` 11.each . For details refer to obligation under finance lease (note 7 to Schedule Q in unconsolidated notes to accounts). Deferred tax liabilities are created against certain items such as foreign branch profit and depreciation.72 crores (` 571. 2010) due to finance lease obligations which are secured against The amount of CWIP of ` 1. On transfer of 10.00% of the profit after tax in fiscal 2011 amounting to ` 757.

2011 aggregated ` 4.00 crores. 2010).412. preference shares and trade investments as at March 31.89 crores.49 crores.The estimated amount of such contracts remaining to be executed on capital account was ` 1.96 crores as at March 31.769.33 crores against release of an indemnification obligation.42% as at March 31.806.02 crores as at March 31.93 crores as at March 31.39 Current assets.795.00. During fiscal 2011.396. The amount of trade investments made during fiscal 2011 aggregated to ` 57.09.769. 2010). loans and advances Unbilled Revenues Unbilled revenues were ` 836. the Company subscribed to 1. 2011 (` 3.28. Correspondingly. fixed deposits with banks registered substantial increase. bonds and debentures Investments in mutual funds Total investments Less: provision for diminution in value of investments Net investments As at March 31.29) 5.30 crores as at March 31.37 crores as at March 31.572 (1.893. The Company’s Investments in debentures.105 seats as at March 31.46 7.00% of the equity share capital of Maha Online Limited for a consideration of ` 1.000 seats.78 4.000 shares of Taj Air Limited for a consideration of ` 19. TCS e-Serve Limited Retail FullServe Limited MahaOnline Limited Taj Air Limited 5.46 crores as at March 31. 2011 (` 646. the Company acquired 100% equity share capital of SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited (renamed as Retail Full Serve Limited) for a consideration of ` 36. 2010). 2010.132. sundry debtors were at 16. 2010). During fiscal 2011. 2011(` 1. Many of these locations are notified as Special Economic Zones.00 5. 2010.81% for fiscal 2010). This amount has been adjusted against the cost of the investment. During fiscal 2011.799.332. This increase in deposits with scheduled banks was in line with the investment strategy adopted by the Company.67 crores (` 3.05 crores as at March 31. As a percentage of revenues. 2010).16 crores as at March 31. 2011 was 1.52 crores as at March 31.39 The Company’s trade investments made over the years till date shows a balance of ` 5.115. The Company has also initiated construction of large delivery centers across 11 locations in India in order to create additional 1.46% as at March 31. bonds. Investment in mutual funds decreased substantially to ` 4.123.893. Sundry debtors Sundry debtors as at March 31. the Company subscribed to 74.00 crores as at March 31.90.803.000 seats. 2010).78 crores (` 5.82 crores as at March 31.06 crores. 2011 was ` 5.214. 2011 compared to 14.78 As at March 31.27 crores as at March 31.17 crores. The balances with scheduled banks (including bank deposits and remittances in transit) in India aggregated ` 5.795. The Company has successfully put in place a state-of-the-art facility at Chennai for a significant capacity of 25. the Company received ` 27. 55 . Investments (` crores) Investments Trade investments. 2010 The Company’ trade related investments during fiscal 2011 are shown in the table: Investments Details During fiscal 2011. The number of seats available in India as at March 31. 2011 from ` 2.799.86% of the revenues for fiscal 2011 (2.49 7.93 2. 2011 5.604. 2011 (` 3. The Company has embarked on a large scale infrastructure development across various locations in India to meet its growing business needs. The (8. Cash and bank balances The Company had cash and bank balances of ` 5.75. 2010) representing 2.123. This was in line with the Company’s strategy for optimum utilisation of surplus cash.

90 crores as at March 31. 2011 (` 121. 2010) Other liabilities ` 317.864.00 crores interchangeable between fund-based and non-fund based limits (` 1. The Company has sufficient cash generated from operations for meeting its working capital requirements as well as the requirements for capital expenditure.37 crores as at March 31.740. 2011 were ` 4. The decrease was mainly attributable to: x Proposed final dividend on equity shares ` 1.34 3. 2011 the Company had utilised ` 1. 2011 (` 457. As at March 31. 2010). additional one-off banking limit of GBP 98.73 crores of these limits (` 809. 2011(` 2.32 crores as at March 31.27 crores (` 1.490.538. 110.86 crores as at March 31.968.61 crores as at March 31.565.61) 540.39 crores as at March 31. Banking and financing arrangements As at March 31.15 crores as at March 31.18 293.39 14.51 crores as at March 31.09 crores as at March 31.52 3.07 crores as at March 31. 2010). 2011 (` 263.16) (4. The increase was primarily due to: x Sundry creditors ` 2.89 crores as at March 31. 2010) Tax on dividend ` 255. Loans and advances Loans and advances as at March 31.45 crores as at March 31. 2010).65) x Provisions Provisions aggregated ` 2. Other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts ` 54. 2011 (` 3. 2011 (` 183.11 crores as at March 31.556.69 crores as at March 31.50 crores as at March 31.64) (1.020.605.385. 2011 (` 278. x 293. 2010). 2011 (` 3.51 (261. The available unutilised facility as at March 31.182.49 crores utilised as at March 31.28 5.396.28 5.00 7.11 crores as at March 31. 2010).920.Annual Report 2010-11 balances with overseas banks were ` 190.104.926. 2010).78 crores as at March 31.16 56 .34 crores as at March 31. In addition the Company had a separate. 2010). 2010). 5. 2010). the Company had available lines of credit with multiple bankers aggregating ` 2. 272.604.62 crores as at March 31.312.65 6.1 million in UK.264.110.55) 11. Summary of cash flow statement is given below (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year Net cash provided by operating activities Net cash used in investing activities Net cash used in financing activities Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year Deposits with original maturity over three months Restricted cash Cash and bank balances at the end of the year Fiscal 2010 x Current liabilities Current liabilities increased to ` 3.97 4.00 crores as at March 31.11 crores as at March 31.863.18 x x 577.92 crores as at March 31.426. 2011 (` 181. 2010) Current income taxes (net of advance tax) ` 182.75 crores as at March 31.79 crores as at March 31.28 (863.969. which is fully utilised for bank guarantee issued in favour of our subsidiary company in UK.41 crores (` 3. Significant items of loans and advances were: x Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received ` 1. 2010) Advance billings and deferred revenues ` 557.097. 2011 (` 492.53 crores as at March 31. 2010). 2011 (` 1.94 crores as at March 31. 2011.74 (4. 2010).91 CASH FLOW — UNCONSOLIDATED The Company’s growth has been financed largely by cash generated from operations. 2010) Advance tax (net of provision for taxes) ` 513. 2011 was ` 921.741.64 crores as at March 31. 2011 (` 2.

The significant items of investing activities were: x x Purchase of fixed assets (net) ` 1.01 crores in fiscal 2011 (purchase ` 1.03) 506.21 crores in fiscal 2010) included in ‘Others’.480.27 (4.584.83) (1.65 crores in fiscal 2010).605.16 crores in investing activities (` 4. (` crores) Cash flow from financing activities 8.01 (1.584.27 crores in fiscal 2010).94 (863.954. safeguarding assets from unauthorised use or losses.61 crores in financing activities (` 1.221.08) Fiscal 2010 (816. 57 .21 807.037.969.584.587.61) (1. Cash flow from investing activities (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Purchase of fixed assets (net) Sale /(Purchase) of other investments (net of mutual fund dividends) Purchase of fixed deposits with banks having maturity more than 3 months Others Net cash used in investing activities (1.93 7.136. 556.78) (1. the significant item of cash used in financing activities was payment of dividend ` 4. the Company used ` 863.922. The primary reason for decrease in the operating cash flow in fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 was on account of additional working capital requirements. Sale of investments (primarily mutual funds) ` 2.24) (19. Deloitte Haskins & Sells) and the audit committee.38 crores including dividend tax (` 1.57 crores in fiscal 2010).08 crores in fiscal 2011 (` 816.759.99) (4.741.584.14 (1.34) 6.Cash flow from operations (` crores) Fiscal 2011 Operating profit before working capital changes Effect of working capital changes Cash generated from operations Tax payments made Net cash provided by operating activities Fiscal 2010 x Interest on deposits received in fiscal 2011 of ` 349.30) (9.366. executing transactions with proper authorisation and ensuring compliance of corporate policies.85 (1. These have been designed to provide reasonable assurance with regard to recording and providing reliable financial and operational information. The Company has appointed Ernst and Young Private Limited to oversee and carry out internal audit of the Company’s activities.23) 7.74 In fiscal 2011.27) In fiscal 2011.556.64 crores in fiscal 2010). It has continued its efforts to align all its processes and controls with global best practices.28 crores (` 6.57) (5.38) (1.40) Dividend paid (including dividend tax) Repayments of borrowings (net) Interest paid Net cash used in financing activities Fiscal 2011 Fiscal 2010 (4. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY The Company has in place adequate systems of internal control commensurate with its size and the nature of its operations.437.629. the planning and conduct of internal audit is oriented towards the review of controls in the 2.83 crores in fiscal 2010).136. Processes for formulating and reviewing annual and long term business plans have been laid down. In fiscal 2011.74 crores in fiscal 2010) from operating activities.28 6.969. complying with applicable statutes.759.172. The Company uses a state-of-the-art ERP system to record data for accounting.81) 57.741. which is reviewed each year in consultation with the statutory auditors (M/s.65) 5. the Company used ` 4. The audit is based on an internal audit plan.62 (1.16) (2.954. In line with international practice.64) In fiscal 2011.264. the Company generated net cash of ` 5.264. The Company has a well defined delegation of power with authority limits for approving revenues as well as expenditure.605. consolidation and management information purposes and connects to different locations for efficient exchange of information.42 crores (` 91.

IT processes in the Company. estimates and others may constitute ‘forward looking statements’ within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. insurance. These include climatic conditions and economic conditions affecting demand and supply. The audit committee reviews audit reports submitted by the internal auditors.Annual Report 2010-11 management of risks and opportunities in the Company’s activities. accounting and finance. inter alia. their views on the adequacy of internal control systems in the Company and keeps the Board of Directors informed of its major observations from time to time. including significant subsidiaries and selected foreign branches. 58 . The Committee also meets the Company’s statutory auditors to ascertain. expectations. outlook. Actual results may differ from such expectations. CAUTIONARY STATEMENT Certain statements made in the Management Discussion and Analysis Report relating to the Company’s objectives. Several factors could make significant difference to the Company’s operations. travel. projections. The Company has an audit committee. projections and so on whether express or implied. Safeguarding of assets and their protection against unauthorised use are also a part of these exercises. government regulations and taxation. the details of which have been provided in the Corporate Governance Report. natural calamities and so on over which the Company does not have any direct control. procurement. employee engagement. Suggestions for improvement are considered and the audit committee follows up on the implementation of corrective actions. The internal audit process is designed to review the adequacy of internal control checks in the system and covers all significant areas of the Company’s operations such as software delivery.

The composition of the Board is in conformity with Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements entered into with the Stock Exchanges. Of the twelve Directors. Board of Directors (i) As on March 31. responsibility. 2011 have been made by the Directors. The Company has in place an Information Security Policy that ensures proper utilisation of IT resources. globalisation with national interests and core business with emerging business. By combining ethical values with business acumen. the Company has twelve Directors with a Non-Executive Chairman and a Non-Executive Vice Chairman. Corporate governance signifies acceptance by management of the inalienable rights of shareholders as the true owners of the organisation and of their own role as trustees on behalf of the shareholders. are Members of more than ten Committees or Chairman of more than five Committees across all the companies in which they are Directors. Necessary disclosures regarding Committee positions in other public companies as on March 31. The Company will continue to focus its resources. the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its Non-Executive Directors. which are fundamental to the Tata companies. The Company’s corporate governance philosophy has been further strengthened through the Tata Business Excellence Model. the Company aims to be amongst the largest and most respected global organisations.e. 2011.00%) are Non-Executive Directors and six (i. In addition. The names and categories of the Directors on the Board.00%) are Independent Directors. transparent and ethical governance practices. Section 25 companies and of companies incorporated outside India. Company’s Philosophy on Corporate Governance Corporate governance helps to serve corporate purposes by providing a framework within which stakeholders can pursue the objectives of the organisation most effectively. strengths and strategies to achieve its vision of becoming a truly global leader in software services. the Tata Code of Conduct for Prevention of Insider Trading. their attendance at Board Meetings held during the year and the number of Directorships and Committee Chairmanships/Memberships held by them in other companies are given herein below. Other directorships do not include alternate directorships. 75. II. integrity. 50. directorships of private limited companies. Both these codes are available on the Company’s website. the Company has moved ahead in its pursuit of excellence in corporate governance. With the adoption of a Whistle Blower Policy and the setting up of a Nominations Committee and an Executive Committee of the Directors. as also the Code of Corporate Disclosure Practices. The Company has a strong legacy of fair. while upholding the core values of excellence. The Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its employees including the Managing Director and the Executive Directors. nine (i. None of the Directors on the Board.e. The Company is in compliance with the requirements of the guidelines on corporate governance stipulated under Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges. unity and understanding. (ii) (iii) 59 .Corporate Governance Report for the year 2010-11 I. Chairmanships/Memberships of Board Committees include only Audit and Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committees.

S. he participated in one meeting over teleconference. 2010 Number of Directorships in other Public Companies Number of Committee positions held in other Public Companies Member - Held Mr. he participated in five meetings over teleconference. he participated in one meeting over teleconference. Ramadorai (Vice-Chairman) DIN 00000002 NonIndependent. 2010. and Managing Director) Executive DIN 00121863 Mr. Non-Executive 7 Attended 6* Yes Chairman Member Chairman 9 1 - 7 7 Yes 6 6 4 4 Mr. (v) None of the Non-Executive Directors have any material pecuniary relationship or transactions with the Company. R. Thyagarajan DIN 00017541 Prof. 2010. Chandrasekaran Non(Chief Executive Officer Independent. Phiroz Vandrevala (Executive Director) DIN 01778976 Dr. (iv) Seven Board Meetings were held during the year and the gap between two meetings did not exceed four months. October 21. Aman Mehta DIN 00009364 Mr. N. Laura M. Non-Executive Independent. 2011. July 15. Non-Executive Independent. Non-Executive NonIndependent.Annual Report 2010-11 Name of the Director Category Number of Board Meetings during the year 2010-11 Whether attended last AGM held on July 2. V. Non-Executive NonIndependent. Executive NonIndependent. N. Non-Executive Independent. July 2. *** In addition to attending five meetings. Mahalingam (Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director) DIN 00121727 Mr. 2010. Vijay Kelkar DIN 00011991 Mr. Cha DIN 00909210 Mr. Ishaat Hussain DIN 00027891 Independent. Clayton M. 2010. S. 60 . January 17. 2011 and March 18. The dates on which the said Meetings were held are as follows: April 19. No sitting fee has been paid for participation over teleconference. Non-Executive 7 7 Yes 1 2 - 1 7 7 7 6* 6* 1** Yes Yes No - 6 1 - 2 - 4 1 - 7 7 7 5*** 6 7 Yes Yes Yes 1 1 3 1 - 7 7 Yes - 2 - 1 7 7 7 7 Yes Yes 3 2 4 11 3 1 5 * ** In addition to attending six meetings. September 3. Non-Executive Independent. 2010. Christensen DIN 00020111 Dr. The necessary quorum was present for all the meetings. Executive Independent. Non-Executive NonIndependent. Ron Sommer DIN 00621387 Mrs. Tata (Chairman) DIN 00000001 Mr. In addition to attending one meeting.

Audit Committee (i) (ii) The Audit Committee of the Company is constituted in line with the provisions of Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges read with Section 292A of the Companies Act. (viii) Post meeting follow-up mechanism: The important decisions taken at the Board/Committee meetings are promptly communicated to the concerned departments. Action Taken Report on the decisions/minutes of the previous meeting is placed at the succeeding meeting of the Board/Committee for noting. any related party transactions as per Accounting Standard 18. approval for payment for any other services. 61 . coverage and frequency of internal audit. focusing primarily on: ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ any changes in accounting policies and practices. All such matters are communicated to the Company Secretary in advance so that the same could be included in the Agenda for the Board/Committee meetings. reporting structure. (vii) Scheduling and selection of Agenda items for Board Meetings: All departments of the Company schedule their work plans in advance. The terms of reference of the Audit Committee are broadly as under: to ensure that the financial statements reflect a true and fair position and that sufficient and credible information is disclosed. compliance with stock exchange and legal requirements concerning financial statements. compliance with accounting standards. significant adjustments arising out of audit. qualifications in draft audit report. internal audit department. III. information. approval of the audit plan and its execution. particularly with regard to matters requiring consideration at the Board/Committee meetings.(vi) During the year 2010-11. systems. information as mentioned in Annexure 1A to Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements has been placed before the Board for its consideration. the going concern assumption. 1956. as well as post-audit discussion to ascertain any area of concern. major accounting entries based on exercise of judgment by management. staffing and seniority of the official heading the department.

Non-Executive Non-Independent. he participated in one meeting over teleconference. Vijay Kelkar # (iv) (v) Name Category Attended 6* 6* 5** 6 6 Independent. Chairman of the Audit Committee. IV. as it considers appropriate (particularly the head of the finance function). and the Executive Vice Presidents of the Company for each financial year. Non-Executive 7 7 7 6 @ Mr. Ron Sommer Dr. January 17. 2011 and March 18. The previous Annual General Meeting of the Company was held on July 2. examine and recommend/approve. representatives of the Statutory Auditors and representatives of the Internal Auditors to be present at its meetings. # Appointed as Member of the Committee w. V. Non-Executive Independent. Non-Executive Independent. October 21. Aman Mehta. 2010. Aman Mehta (Chairman) Mr. he participated in one meeting over teleconference. 2011. The dates on which the said meetings were held are as follows: April 19. @ Details provided from the date of appointment. 2010. (vi) Seven Audit Committee Meetings were held during the year. Non-Executive Independent. Thyagarajan Dr. The Company Secretary acts as the Secretary to the Audit Committee.Annual Report 2010-11 there is suspected fraud or irregularity or a failure of internal control systems of a material nature and reporting the matter to the Board. The broad terms of reference of the Remuneration Committee are as under: Director for each financial year. ** In addition to attending five meetings. 2010. Remuneration Committee (i) (ii) The Company has a Remuneration Committee of Directors. April 19. 2010. No sitting fee has been paid for participation over teleconference. Ishaat Hussain # 6@ * In addition to attending six meetings. The necessary quorum was present for all the meetings.e. shareholders (in case of non-payment of declared dividends) and creditors. (iii) The Audit Committee invites such of the executives. 2010. July 15. 62 . The composition of the Audit Committee and the details of meetings attended by its members are given below: Number of Meetings during the year 2010-11 Held Mr.f. July 2. September 3. 2010. 2010 and was attended by Mr.

The Company pays remuneration by way of salary. the Company endeavors to attract. each year. The Company follows a compensation mix of fixed pay. Thyagarajan Independent. S. 1956. Non-Executive Non-Independent. The Members have at the Annual General Meeting of the Company on June 30. 63 . Individual performance pay is determined by business performance and the performance of the individuals measured through the annual appraisal process. retain. Tata Mr. The Company does not have any Employee Stock Option Scheme. The said commission is decided each year by the Board of Directors and distributed amongst the Non-Executive Directors based on their attendance and contribution at the Board and certain Committee meetings. V. Through its compensation programme. perquisites and allowances (fixed component) and commission (variable component) to its Managing Director and the Executive Directors. R. benefits. Ramadorai Mr. Non-Executive Non-Independent. Aman Mehta (Chairman) Mr. 1956. 2009 approved of payment of commission to the Non-Executive Directors within the ceiling of 1% of the net profits of the Company as computed under the applicable provisions of the Companies Act. N. The Remuneration Committee decides on the commission payable to the Managing Director and the Executive Directors out of the profits for the financial year and within the ceilings prescribed under the Companies Act. Non-Executive 2 2 2 2 Attended 2 2 2 2 Name Category (iv) (v) (vi) Meetings of the Remuneration Committee were held during the year on April 30. develop and motivate a high performance workforce. as well as the time spent on operational matters other than at meetings. Non-Executive Independent. The Company also reimburses the out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Directors for attending the meetings. 2010 and March 18. based on the performance of the Company as well as that of the Managing Director and each Executive Director. Annual increments are decided by the Remuneration Committee within the salary scale approved by the members and are effective April 1. 2011. benefits and Economic Value Added Analysis based variable pay. Remuneration Policy: The Company’s remuneration policy is driven by the success and performance of the individual employee and the Company.(iii) The composition of the Remuneration Committee and the details of meetings attended by its members are given below: Number of Meetings during the year 2010-11 Held Mr. the Company paid sitting fees of Rupees Ten thousand per meeting to its Non-Executive Directors for attending meetings of the Board and meetings of Committees of the Board. During the year 2010-11.

40 lakh to the former Managing Director.61. S. Clayton M. Chandrasekaran Mr. gratuity and premium paid for Group Health Insurance as separate actuarial valuation/premium paid are not available for the Managing Director and Executive Directors and (b) retirement benefits of ` 84. October 6.30 1.88 115. Tata Mr. 2007 for a period of 5 years) Mr.10 1. V.00 82.680 80.00 0.e. Vijay Kelkar Mr.Annual Report 2010-11 (vii) Details of the Remuneration for the year ended March 31. Tata Mr.f.00 Nil 38. Ramadorai Mr. Ishaat Hussain (b) Managing Director and Executive Directors Name of Director and period of appointment Commission Salary Benefits (` Lakh) (` Lakh) Perquisites and Allowances (` Lakh) 60. Aman Mehta Mr.80 1. R. Thyagarajan Prof.00 100. Phiroz Vandrevala Executive Director (w.50 35.70 1.f. 2007 for a period of 5 years) Nil 45. (viii) Details of shares of the Company held by the Directors as on March 31.43 400. Ishaat Hussain The Company has not issued any convertible debentures. September 7.740 64 . Laura M.00 Nil Sitting Fees (` Lakh) 0.256 1. Ron Sommer Mrs.00 60. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director (w.72 43.e. Chandrasekaran Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director (w. N.120 88.000 1. Services of the Managing Director and Executive Directors may be terminated by either party giving the other party six months’ notice or the Company paying six months’ salary in lieu thereof. 2009 for a period of 5 years) Mr. 2011: (a) Non-Executive Directors Name Mr.e. 2011 are given below: Name Mr. N.00 82.f.40 Mr. N.00 Nil The above figures do not include (a) provisions for encashable leave. Phiroz Vandrevala Mr. Mahalingam Mr. September 6.86 35.96 69. Cha Dr. Ramadorai Mr. R. There is no separate provision for payment of severance fees.23.10 1. S.60 0. S.86 195.00 160.528 1. S. Christensen Dr.00 ESPS Commission (` Lakh) 240.40 1.50 40. Number of shares 15.99. N.

Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Vice President and Company Secretary Tata Consultancy Services Limited 11th Floor. V. brokers and the general public. Non-Executive Non-Independent. Non-Executive 1 1 1 Attended 1 1 1 (ii) (iii) Name Category The Company has always valued its customer relationships. The composition of the Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee and the details of meetings attended by its members are given below: Number of Meetings during the year 2010-11 Held Mrs. Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee (i) The Company has a Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee of Directors to look into the redressal of complaints of investors such as transfer or credit of shares. 2011. the Company has an Ethics and Compliance Committee of Directors. Ramadorai Mr. Non-Executive Independent. analysts. Laura M. Air India Building Nariman Point Mumbai 400 021 Telephone: 91 22 6778 9285 Fax: 91 22 6630 3672 (v) (vi) Details of investor complaints received and redressed during the year 2010-11 are as follows: Opening Balance Received during the year 355 Resolved during the year 355 Closing Balance - VI. The IRD focuses on servicing the needs of investors. officers and other employees. Name.V. applicable to the Directors. non-receipt of dividend/notices/annual reports. Thyagarajan (iv) Independent. This philosophy has been extended to investor relationship and an Investor Relations Department (IRD) was set up in June 2004. Cha (Chairperson) Mr. 65 . One meeting of the Shareholders/Investors Grievance Committee was held during the year on March 18. The Committee considers matters relating to the Insider Trading Code and also considers matters relating to the Company’s Code of Conduct (CoC). etc. prior to the Company’s Initial Public Offer of shares. One meeting of the Ethics and Compliance Committee was held during the year on January 17. Other Committees (i) Ethics and Compliance Committee: In terms of the Company’s Code of Conduct for Prevention of Insider Trading and Code of Corporate Disclosure Practices (Insider Trading Code). S. designation and address of Compliance Officer: Mr. 2011. Monthly Reports are sent to the members of the Committee on matters relating to the Insider Trading Code and the CoC.

(iii) Nominations Committee: The Company has a Nominations Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. Tata (Non-Independent. S. V. Ron Sommer (Independent. The STPI/SEZ Committee is responsible for approval from time to time. Thyagarajan Non-Independent. Non-Executive) and Prof. S.Annual Report 2010-11 The composition of the Ethics and Compliance Committee and details of the meetings attended by its members are given below: Number of Meetings during the year 2010-11 Held Mr. N. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent. Mahalingam (Non-Independent. Mr. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent. Mahalingam (Non-Independent. The Executive Committee’s role covers a detailed review of the following matters before these are presented to the Board: The above matters were discussed in various Board meetings held during the year with the presence of the Executive Committee members with an intent to avail expertise of all the Board members. Chief Financial Officer as the Compliance Officer to ensure compliance and effective implementation of the Insider Trading Code. Non-Executive) and Mr. R. Non-Executive). Dr. Executive). Thyagarajan (Independent. Non-Executive). Clayton M. Executive). Non-Executive). and also approve of other STPI/SEZ/other scheme(s) related matters. Executive). V. Non-Executive) as the Chairman. Mr. Tata (Non-Independent. Aman Mehta (Independent. Non-Executive). Mr. N. 66 . Mahalingam. Ramadorai Mr. N. (iv) Executive Committee: The Company has an Executive Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. Non-Executive Independent. (v) Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)/Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Committee: The Company has a Software Technology Parks of India (STPI)/Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. N. V. S. N. R. Thyagarajan (Independent. Executive) and Mr. Executive) and Mr. S. Non-Executive) as the Chairman. Prof. The Committee comprises of Mr. registration/renewal of registration/de-registration of various offices of the Company under the STPI/SEZ schemes and such other schemes as may be deemed fit by them. Non-Executive). Clayton M. Christensen (Independent. Christensen (Independent. The Nominations Committee is responsible for making recommendations regarding the composition of the Board and in this regard shall identify Independent Directors to be inducted to the Board and take steps to refresh the composition of the Board from time to time. (ii) Bank Account Committee: The Company has a Bank Account Committee of Directors to approve of the opening and closing of bank accounts of the Company and to authorise persons to operate the bank accounts of the Company. Ramadorai (Non-Independent. S. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent. Mr. Non-Executive 1 1 Attended 1 1 Name Category The Board has in 2004 appointed Mr.

S. Mr. S. 2010. 2009. 19. Executive) and Mr. Disclosures (i) (ii) There are no materially significant related party transactions of the Company which have potential conflict with the interests of the Company at large. 2009-10 and 2010-11 respectively: NIL The Company has fulfilled the following non-mandatory requirements as prescribed in Annexure I D to the Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges: (a) (b) The Company has set up a Remuneration Committee. The resolution was passed with the requisite majority. Extraordinary General Meeting: No Extraordinary General Meeting of the Members was held during the year 2010-11. Mumbai – 400 020 Time Venue 3.m. (iii) 67 . A Meeting of the Risk Management Committee was held on January 12. In addition to this. Ramadorai (Non-Independent. Mr. Details of non-compliance by the Company. The Risk Management Committee is responsible for advising the Company on foreign exchange matters and framing the broad guidelines for investment of surplus funds of the Company. New Marine Lines. 2010 to review the developments in the currency market and the hedging operations. 2010. Chandrasekaran and Mr. Mahalingam met the Company Management on April 23. Executive). (ii) Postal Ballot No Postal Ballot was conducted during the year 2010-11. The resolution was passed with the requisite majority. Non-Executive). 2010. N. on any matter related to capital markets. strictures imposed on the Company by the Stock Exchanges or SEBI or any statutory authority. At the Annual General Meeting of the Company held on July 2.(vi) Risk Management Committee: The Company has a Risk Management Committee of Directors comprising of Mr. (iii) Special Resolutions At the Annual General Meeting of the Company held on June 30. a Special Resolution was passed for the payment of commission to the non-whole-time Directors of the Company. 2010 and December 2. Mahalingam. Ishaat Hussain and Mr. Chandrasekaran (Non-Independent. 2011 which was attended by Mr. 2010 was sent to every Member in October 2010. a Special Resolution was passed for alteration of the Articles of Association of the Company revising the limit for maximum number of Directors in the Company to fifteen. Ishaat Hussain. 2008 June 30. details of which have been given earlier in this Report. S. N.30 p. Mr. Ishaat Hussain (Non-Independent. S. during the last three years 2008-09. General Body Meetings (i) General Meeting (a) Annual General Meeting: Details Annual General Meeting 2007-08 Annual General Meeting 2008-09 Annual General Meeting 2009-10 (b) Date July 1. 2010 Birla Matushri Sabhagar. May 7. VII. penalties. A communication on the half-yearly financial performance of the Company including a summary of the significant events in the six month period ended September 30. Non-Executive). VIII. Sir Vithaldas Thackersey Marg. 2009 July 2. Mr. July 7. Mahalingam (Non-Independent.

particulars of Directors seeking appointment/re-appointment at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting (AGM) are given in the Annexure to the Notice of the AGM to be held on July 1.m. Half-yearly results have been sent to the Members along with a message from the Managing Director on the Company’s performance during the half-year ended September 30. The secretarial audit report confirms that the total issued/paid-up capital is in agreement with the total number of shares in physical form and the total number of dematerialised shares held with NSDL and CDSL. Sir Vithaldas Thackersey Marg New Marine Lines. Birla Matushri Sabhagar 19. half-yearly and annual results are displayed on the Company’s website. Hindustan Times and Sandesh. shall be paid/credited on July 5. 2011. National Stock Exchange of India Limited Exchange Plaza.Annual Report 2010-11 (c) (d) The statutory financial statements of the Company are unqualified. Press Releases made by the Company from time to time are also displayed on the Company’s website. 2011. (iv) IX. Business Standard. Mumbai 400 020 As required under Clause 49(IV)(G)(i) of the Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges. J.tcs. The results are also displayed on the Company’s website “www. No person has been denied access to the Audit Committee. Dalal Street Mumbai 400 001 TCS 532540 : (v) Stock Codes/Symbol: National Stock Exchange of India Limited Bombay Stock Exchange Limited Listing Fees as applicable have been paid. As mentioned in the Notice of the AGM to be held on July 1. Means of Communication The quarterly. A Management Discussion and Analysis Statement is a part of the Company’s Annual Report. The Hindu Business Line. Bandra Kurla Complex Bandra(E). 2011. The Company has adopted a Whistle Blower Policy and has established the necessary mechanism for employees to report concerns about unethical behaviour. Secretarial Audit A qualified practicing Company Secretary carried out secretarial audit to reconcile the total admitted equity share capital with the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and the Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL) and the total issued and listed equity share capital. half-yearly and annual results of the Company are published in leading newspapers in India which include The Indian Express.com”. Financial Express. : : (vi) Corporate Identification Number (CIN) of the Company : L22210MH1995PLC084781 68 . X. Towers. Presentations made to the institutional investors and analysts after the declaration of the quarterly. Deccan Chronicle. General Shareholder Information (i) Annual General Meeting: Date Time Venue : : : July 1. P. (ii) Financial Calendar: Year ending AGM in Dividend Payment (iii) (iv) Date of Book Closure/Record Date Listing on Stock Exchanges : : : : : March 31 July The final dividend if declared. Lok Satta. 2010. 2011 3:30 p. Mumbai 400 051 Bombay Stock Exchange Limited Floor 25.

47.20 1.70 698.88.83.30 1.60 1.70.18.033 3.098.90 Low (`) 759.004.050 Bombay Stock Exchange Limited High (`) 820. Low (based on closing prices) and number of shares traded during each month in the financial year 2010-11 on National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange Limited: Month National Stock Exchange of India Limited High (`) April 2010 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 August 2010 September 2010 October 2010 November 2010 December 2010 January 2011 February 2011 March 2011 (ix) 821.70 1.50 1. liquidity position.730 39.87. are to be declared at the Annual General Meetings of shareholders based on the recommendation of the Board of Directors.73.621 46.71.089.064.70 854.54.10 837.089.95 1.61.30 940.212.578 3.60 1.65 769. The Board of Directors may also from time to time pay interim dividend(s) to shareholders. profits earned during the fiscal year.70 787. without limitation.183.(vii) Dividend Policy: Dividends.25.60 1. cost of raising funds from alternate sources.75.80 1.63.05 878.158 60. other than interim dividend(s).889 39.93.76.24.212.57.10 Total Number of Shares Traded 64.75 735. as well as exemptions under tax laws available to various categories of investors from time to time and general market conditions.975 79.00 Apr-10 May-10 Jun-10 Jul-10 Aug-10 Sep-10 Oct-10 Nov-10 Dec-10 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 TCS Share Price Sensex Base 100 = April 1.25 787.651 32.010.00 110.35 854.00 50.35 Total Number of Shares Traded 4.064.05 837.75 1.57.16.184.277 26.65 1.092.90 1.667 32.25 952.888 3.48.55 733.850 43. the factors that may be considered by the Board of Directors before making any recommendations for dividend include.85 1.95 1.66.183.45 879.56.00 90 .156 2.20 1.30 940.01.15 731.66.55.94.371 3.462 61.40 1.72.85 953.54.257 43.60 1.080 2.64.00 130.75 1.072.75 1.40. applicable taxes including tax on dividend.82.00 832.660 Performance of the share price of the Company in comparison to the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited Sensex: TCS Share Price and Sensex Movement 150.099.066.30 1.520 2. the Company’s future expansion plans and capital requirements.072. (viii) Market Price Data: High.170.233 3.092. Generally.05 732.40 1.72.344 3.063.58.142 2.167. 2010 69 .70 770.182.35 833.75 699.48.52.733 3.00 70 .50 Low (`) 759.40 1.58.

Transfer of shares in physical form is normally processed within ten to twelve days from the date of receipt. Moses Road. Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate 20.com www. 70 . Sant Vihar Ansari Road. 1st Floor 43. Haji Moosa Patrawala Industrial Estate 20. 1. 2/42. ’E’ Road Nothern Town. E. Barton Centre. 5th Floor 84. Mahalaxmi Mumbai 400 011 91 22 6656 8484 91 22 6656 8494 csg-unit@tsrdarashaw. As regards transfer of shares held in physical form the transfer documents can be lodged with TSRDL at any of the above mentioned addresses. The Directors. Dr.com TSR Darashaw Limited Tata Centre.97% of the equity shares of the Company are in electronic form.com Telephone Fax E-mail Website (xi) Places for acceptance of documents: Documents will be accepted at : : : : : TSR Darashaw Limited 6-10.m. Mahalaxmi Mumbai 400 011 10:00 a. Daryaganj New Delhi 110 002 Telephone: 91 11 2327 1805 Fax: 91 11 2327 1802 E-mail: tsrdldel@tsrdarashaw.Annual Report 2010-11 (x) Registrar and Transfer Agents: Name and Address : TSR Darashaw Limited (TSRDL) 6-10. Bistupur Jamshedpur 831 001 Telephone: 91 657 2426616 Fax: 91 657 2426937 E-mail: tsrdljsr@tsrdarashaw.tsrdarashaw. Ellisbridge Ahmedabad 380 006 Telefax: 91 79 2657 6038 E-mail: shahconsultancy@hotmail. Moses Road.m.com (xii) Share Transfer System: 99. to 3:30 p.com TSR Darashaw Limited Plot No.com TSR Darashaw Limited Bungalow No. E. Transfer of these shares is done through the depositories with no involvement of the Company. transfer documents and letters will also be accepted at the following branches/agencies of TSRDL: (a) Branches of TSRDL: TSR Darashaw Limited 503. Pritam Nagar 2nd Dhal. Sumatinath Complex. (Monday to Friday except bank holidays) Time : For the convenience of the shareholders based in the following cities.com (b) Agent of TSRDL: Shah Consultancy Services Limited 3. Jawaharlal Nehru Road Kolkata 700 071 Telephone: 91 33 2288 3087 Fax: 91 33 2288 3062 E-mail: tsrdlcal@tsrdarashaw. Dr. if the documents are complete in all respects. the Chief Financial Officer and the Company Secretary are severally empowered to approve transfers. Mahatma Gandhi Road Bangalore 560 001 Telephone: 91 80 2532 0321 Fax: 91 80 2558 0019 E-mail: tsrdlbang@tsrdarashaw.

99 100.20000 20001 .72. 2011: Category Promoters Other Entities of the Promoters Group Insurance Companies Indian Public & others Mutual Fund & UTI Corporate Bodies Banks.59.64% 0.659 Percentage to total accounts 98.20.707 8.71 0.820 6.803 4.68 94.04% 12.14 0.103 46. 2011: (a) Distribution of Equity Shareholding as on March 31.68 4.02 0.100000 100001 .29.37.11% 73.5000 5001 .698 8.above GRAND TOTAL (b) Holding 5.52.05 0.72.10 0.943 34.05.07.51.39 2.70% 2.68 0.10000 10001 .03 0.06 100.65.38.567 195.50000 50001 .369 185.009 11.413 20.34.42.30000 30001 .996 Percentage to capital 2.072 1. Financial Institutions.67.64 0.(xiii) Shareholding as on March 31.858 195.661 30.33.398 59.12.05 0.20.33.29.75 0.66.04.40000 40001 .70 0.83.68% 0.38.01 0.965 666 314 139 79 67 181 428 6.00 0.24.23 0.73.512 45.71. 2011: Number of shares 1 – 1000 1001 .24 0.18 0.39% 5.30% 0.44.04 12.86.36.194 28.15 0.39 0.25.076 24.11 100.67 1.39% 4.91.00 Number of accounts 6.75% 71 .30 5.01 0.56.00 Categories of Equity Shareholders as on March 31.32.034 1.575 1. State & Central Government Foreign Institutional Investors NRI’s/OCBs/Foreign Nationals GRAND TOTAL Number of shares held 144.996 Percentage of holding 73.

952 92.00. holds 100% of the 100. have been transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) established by the Central Government.14.000 redeemable preference shares of the Company.52 1.47.94. 2011.04.398 4.17. The Company’s equity shares are regularly traded on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited.93. if any. the holding company. 1 2 3 4 Name of the Shareholder Tata Sons Limited Life Insurance Corporation of India Franklin Templeton Investment Funds Aberdeen Asset Managers Limited A/C Aberdeen International India Opportunities Fund (Mauritius) Limited ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company Limited Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund FID Funds (Mauritius) Limited Abu Dhabi Investment Authority – Gulab Vanguard Emerging Markets Stock Index Fund. TSR Darashaw Limited.37 0. 72 . 2011: Tata Sons Limited. (xvi) For shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited (TIL) which has merged with the Company: Pursuant to Sections 205A and 205C and other applicable provisions. the Company did not have any outstanding GDRs/ADRs/Warrants or any convertible instruments.22. No claim shall lie against the said Fund or the Company for the amounts so transferred nor shall any payment be made in respect of such claims.39 0.624 82.51.258 3.60 0. 2011.00.97% of the Company’s equity share capital are dematerialised as on March 31.10.Market Plus Number of shares held 144.75 2. Members who have not yet encashed their dividend warrant(s) for the financial years 2003-04 to 2005-06.461 72. (d) Top ten Equity Shareholders of the Company as on March 31. National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL).79 0.34. 1956.921 76. application money.793 1. Under the Depository System.25.05. in dematerialised form.71 5 6 7 8 9 10 1.35 (xiv) Dematerialisation of shares and liquidity: The Company’s shares are compulsorily traded in dematerialised form and are available for trading on both the depositories in India viz. of the Companies Act.718 69. providing them details of the unencashed warrants and requesting to comply with the procedure for seeking payment of the same.47 0. (xv) Outstanding GDRs/ADRs/Warrants or any Convertible instruments.722 0. are requested to make their claims without any delay to the Company’s Registrar and Transfer Agents.000 Percentage of holding 73. Aseries of Vanguard International Equity Index Fund LIC of India .37. all unclaimed/unpaid dividend.Annual Report 2010-11 (c) Distribution and Category of Redemable Preference Shareholder as on March 31. A separate communication has been sent in March 2011 to the shareholders who have not encashed their dividend warrants and which are not yet transferred to IEPF.42 0. debenture interest and interest on deposits as well as principal amount of debentures and deposits (relating to the erstwhile TIL) remaining unpaid or unclaimed for period of seven years from the date they became due for payment. the International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) allotted to the Company’s shares is INE467B01029. 2011: Sr.38. conversion date and likely impact on equity: As on March 31. No. Equity shares of the Company representing 99.50.

Mapusa–Bardez. 2005 August 24. Tivim Industrial Estate. Nirmal Building Nariman Point Mumbai 400 021 Telephone: 91 22 6778 9356 / 91 22 6778 9595 Fax: 91 22 6630 3672 Designated e-mail address for Investor Services: investor. 2004 February 25. Goa. to assist the shareholders who would like to convert their physical holding into dematerialise form. 2006 Date on which dividend will become part of IEPF August 12. 2013 (xvii) For Shareholders of Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS): A separate communication has been sent in March 2011 to the shareholders of TCS who have not encashed their dividend warrants. 2012 January 16. the application money received for allotment of shares in the Initial Public Offer (IPO) of the Company and due for refund remaining unpaid or unclaimed for a period of seven years from the date they became due for refund shall form part of IEPF on August 19. Information Technology (IT) Services and IT Enabled Services. The Company has a manufacturing facility at 17-B. 2005 January 17. 2011 February 1. 2005 October 29.com 73 .com Website: www. 2011. the Company operates from various offices in India and abroad. 2006 Date of payment August 16. Karaswada.The following table gives information relating to outstanding dividend accounts and the dates by which they need to be transferred: Financial Year 2003-04 2004-05 Date of declaration August 13. 2005 Date on which dividend will become part of IEPF October 20. 2004 February 2. 2011 January 19. 2012 October 13. The Company in this regard has appointed Geojit BNP Paribas Financial Services Limited.tcs. 2005 August 24. (xix) Converting of shares held in physical form to dematerialised form: During the year 2010-11. 2012 August 23. 2005 Date of payment November 9.relations@tcs. 1956. (xviii) Dividend intimation through e-mail: In order to protect the environment and as a “Go Green” initiative. Physical credit intimation was sent to only those shareholders whose e-mail addresses were not registered with the Company and for the bounced e-mail cases. 2005 September 19. 2004 January 20. 2005 2005-06 October 14. 2004 February 14. The following table gives information relating to outstanding dividend accounts and the dates by which they need to be transferred in the Financial Year 2011-12: Financial Year Date of declaration October 21. the Company had taken steps for encouraging the shareholders for dematerialising the shares held by them in physical form. 2005 January 30. an external agency which specialises in providing depository services. (xx) Plant Locations: In view of the nature of the Company’s business viz. 2005 August 25. the Company has taken an initiative of sending intimation of third interim dividend for FY 2010-11 by e-mail. 2012 2004-05 In terms of Section 205C of the Companies Act. providing them details of the unencashed warrants and requesting them to comply with the procedure for seeking payment of the same. Shareholders are requested to register their e-mail addresses with TSR Darashaw Limited (for shares held in physical form) and with their Depository Participant (for shares held in electronic form) for receiving dividend credit intimation on e-mail. 2012 August 23. (xxi) Address for correspondence: Tata Consultancy Services Limited 9th Floor.

2011. 2011 74 . I confirm that the Company has in respect of the financial year ended March 31. In addition. 2011. the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its Non-Executive Directors.Annual Report 2010-11 DECLARATION REGARDING COMPLIANCE BY BOARD MEMBERS AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL WITH THE COMPANY’S CODE OF CONDUCT This is to confirm that the Company has adopted a Code of Conduct for its employees including the Managing Director and Executive Directors. as stipulated in Clause 49 of the Listing Agreements of the Company with the Stock Exchanges. 2011. It is neither an audit nor an expression of opinion on the financial statements of the Company. 71387 Mumbai. Chandrasekaran Chief Executive Officer & Managing Director Mumbai. For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS Chartered Accountants (Registration No. we certify that the Company has complied with the conditions of Corporate Governance as stipulated in the above mentioned Listing Agreements. May 20. April 21. 2011 COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATE TO THE MEMBERS OF TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED We have examined the compliance of conditions of corporate governance by TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED (“the Company”). 117366W) N. for the year ended March 31. For the purpose of this declaration. Our examination was limited to a review of the procedures and implementation thereof. employees in the Executive Vice President cadre. VENKATRAM Partner Membership No. Senior Management Team means the Chief Financial Officer. Vice President Global Human Resources and the Company Secretary as on March 31. The compliance of conditions of corporate governance is the responsibility of the management. received from the Senior Management Team of the Company and the Members of the Board a declaration of compliance with the Code of Conduct as applicable to them. adopted by the Company for ensuring the compliance of the conditions of Corporate Governance. Both these Codes are available on the Company’s website. N. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us and the representations made by the Directors and the management. We state that such compliance is neither an assurance as to the future viability of the Company nor of the efficiency or effectiveness with which the management has conducted the affairs of the Company.

AUDITORS’ REPORT ON CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED 1. We have audited the attached Consolidated Balance Sheet of TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED (‘the Company’), and its subsidiaries (collectively referred as ‘the TCS Group’) as at March 31, 2011 and the Consolidated Profit and Loss account and the Consolidated Cash Flow statement for the year ended on that date annexed thereto. The Consolidated Financial Statements include investments in associates accounted on equity method in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 23 (Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements) as prescribed by the Central Government under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management and have been prepared by the management on the basis of separate financial statements and other financial information regarding components. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with the auditing standards generally accepted in India. Those Standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatements. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by the management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. We did not audit the financial statements of certain subsidiaries whose financial statements reflect total assets (net) of ` 2665.94 crores as at March 31, 2011, total revenues of ` 5489.30 crores and net cash inflow amounting to ` 125.90 crores for the year ended on that date. These financial statements and other financial information has been audited by other auditors whose reports have been furnished to us, and our opinion in so far as it relates to the amounts included in respect of these subsidiaries is based solely on the report of other auditors. The financial statements which reflect total assets (net) of ` 3.22 crores as at March 31, 2011, total revenues of Nil and net cash outflow of ` 0.44 crore for the year ended March 31, 2011 have not been audited. We report that the consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company’s management in accordance with the requirements of the Accounting Standards (AS) 21, Consolidated Financial Statements and Accounting Standards (AS) 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements prescribed by the Central Government under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and other recognised accounting practices and policies. Based on our audit and on consideration of reports of other auditors on separate financial statements and on the other financial information of the components, and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, we are of the opinion that the attached consolidated financial statements give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India: (i) (ii) (iii) in the case of the Consolidated Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the TCS Group as at March 31, 2011; in the case of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account, of the profit of the TCS Group for the year ended on that date; and in the case of Consolidated Cash Flow Statement, of the cash flows of the TCS Group for the year ended on that date. For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS Chartered Accountants (Registration No.117366W)

2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

N. VENKATRAM Partner (Membership No. 71387) Mumbai, April 21, 2011

75

Annual Report 2010-11

Consolidated Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2011
Schedule As at March 31, 2011 ` crores As at March 31, 2010 ` crores

1

SOURCES OF FUNDS: SHAREHOLDERS’ FUNDS (a) Share Capital (b) Reserves and Surplus MINORITY INTEREST LOAN FUNDS (a) Secured Loans (b) Unsecured Loans DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES (NET) TOTAL FUNDS EMPLOYED APPLICATION OF FUNDS: FIXED ASSETS (a) Gross Block (b) Less :- Accumulated Depreciation and Amortisation (c) Net Block (d) Capital Work-in-Progress GOODWILL (ON CONSOLIDATION) INVESTMENTS DEFERRED TAX ASSETS (NET) CURRENT ASSETS, LOANS AND ADVANCES (a) Interest Accrued on Investments (b) Inventories (c) Unbilled Revenues (d) Sundry Debtors (e) Cash and Bank Balances (f) Loans and Advances CURRENT LIABILITIES AND PROVISIONS (a) Current Liabilities (b) Provisions NET CURRENT ASSETS [ (10) less (11) ] TOTAL ASSETS (NET) NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

A B

295.72 24209.09 24504.81 458.17

295.72 18171.00 18466.72 361.71 31.21 72.04 103.25 68.68 19000.36

2 3

C D E

38.44 36.36 74.80 109.49 25147.27

4 5 6

F 7792.24 3545.15 4247.09 1469.18 5716.27 3232.00 G E 1762.67 160.18 73.97 22.82 1348.85 8198.84 7378.09 4858.16 21880.73 6419.51 2897.47 3522.04 1017.37 4539.41 3215.99 3682.08 167.86 26.18 17.79 1201.14 5855.41 4718.59 3969.77 15788.88 4093.79 4300.07 8393.86 7395.02 19000.36

7 8 9 10

H I J K

11

L M

12 13 14

4698.09 2906.49 7604.58 14276.15 25147.27

Q
For and on behalf of the Board Ratan N. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary S. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V. Thyagarajan Director Laura M. Cha Director Dr. Vijay Kelkar Director N. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof. Clayton M. Christensen Director S. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director

As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N. Venkatram Partner

Mumbai, April 21, 2011

Mumbai, April 21, 2011

76

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2011
Schedule INCOME Information technology and consultancy services Sale of equipment and software licenses Other income, (net) EXPENDITURE Employee costs Operation and other expenses Interest Depreciation and amortisation PROFIT BEFORE TAXES PROVISION FOR TAXES (a) Current tax (Refer note 13 to Schedule Q) (b) Deferred tax expense / (benefit) (c) Fringe benefit tax (d) MAT credit entitlement PROFIT FOR THE YEAR BEFORE MINORITY INTEREST AND SHARE OF LOSS OF ASSOCIATES Minority interest Share of loss of associates NET PROFIT FOR THE YEAR Balance brought forward from previous year AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR APPROPRIATION APPROPRIATIONS (a) Interim dividends on equity shares (b) Proposed final dividend on equity shares (c) Dividend on redeemable preference shares (d) Tax on dividend (e) General Reserve (f) Balance carried to Balance Sheet Earnings per share - Basic and diluted (`) (Refer note 20 to Schedule Q) NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q 2011 ` crores 36046.13 1278.38 604.00 37928.51 13726.10 12420.05 26.48 735.26 26907.89 11020.62 2065.95 17.15 (0.03) (252.24) 1830.83 9189.79 121.45 0.30 9068.04 13604.84 22672.88 1174.32 1565.78 11.00 459.15 827.58 18635.05 22672.88 46.27 2010 ` crores 29085.21 943.71 272.07 30300.99 10879.57 10454.80 16.10 660.89 22011.36 8289.63 1709.83 (187.71) (4.57) (320.58) 1196.97 7092.66 90.99 1.03 7000.64 11835.03 18835.67 1174.32 2740.11 17.00 663.18 636.22 13604.84 18835.67 35.67

1 2 3

N

4 5 6 7

O P F

8

9 10 11 12

13 14

As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N. Venkatram Partner Ratan N. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary Mumbai, April 21, 2011

For and on behalf of the Board S. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V. Thyagarajan Director Laura M. Cha Director Dr. Vijay Kelkar Director N. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof. Clayton M. Christensen Director S. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director

Mumbai, April 21, 2011

77

77) 21.21 (6.23 (1044.77) 55303.37 30.09 2010 ` crores 8289.04 398.73 (356.11) 5.32) 18.36 (3.00) 39. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N.43 16.77) 580.63 660.85) (4584.49 8834.37 3652.57 13.73) (362.31) 7406.20) 60.00) 326.00 (3622. Cha Director Dr.67 (1200.59) 7.34) 1459.09 crore) Dividends received Interest received Net cash used in investing activities CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Repayment of other than short term borrowings Proceeds from issue of borrowings Repayment of borrowings Dividend paid.63) (2381.50 (56018.23) (30. Venkatram Partner Mumbai.98) 0.09 (2277.07) 11042.00 (6109.39 (16. Christensen Director S.02 18.26 (102.68 (286. net of cash of Nil (Previous year : ` 0.03) (144.81 (5413. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary S. April 21.54 (1907.54 (46.58 0.38 92.10 3.00) 3.67 4.90 (13.06 (12.33 (19. 2011 Schedule 1 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Profit before taxes Adjustments for: Depreciation and amortisation Provision for doubtful debts Provision for doubtful advances Provision for diminution in value of investment Write off / Impairment of goodwill Interest expense Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) Dividend income Profit on redemption / sale of mutual fund and other current investments (net) Interest income Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Unrealised exchange (gain) / loss Operating profit before working capital changes Inventories Unbilled revenues Sundry debtors Loans and advances Current liabilities and provisions Adjustment of translation differences on working capital Cash generated from operations Taxes paid Net cash provided by operating activities 2 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES Purchase of fixed assets (Refer note 19 to Schedule Q) Proceeds from sale of fixed assets Adjustment of purchase consideration Purchase of trade investments Proceeds from sale / transfer of long term investments Commercial papers matured Commercial papers purchased Purchase of mutual fund and other investments Sale of mutual funds and other investments Inter-corporate deposits placed Inter-corporate deposits matured Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months placed Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months matured Purchase of shares from minority shareholders Acquisition of subsidiaries net of cash (including additional consideration) Sale of subsidiaries.31) (15. including dividend tax Dividend tax on dividend paid by subsidiary Dividend paid to minority shareholders of a subsidiary Proceeds from issue of shares to minority shareholders Interest paid Net cash used in financing activities Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year Deposits with original maturity over three months Restricted Cash Cash and Bank balance at the end of the year as per Schedule J 4 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS 2011 ` crores 11020.25) 37.50) (4658.87) 2.62 735. Clayton M.12 7378. Thyagarajan Director Laura M.02) (205.35) (388.48 1.75 (5.22) (449.90) 493.38) (8.11 27.65 11.83 0.81 280.58 (153.74 41.94 1024.00) 6638.38 26.85) (497. 2011 Mumbai.04) (81. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr.24 110.28) (19.30 45.97 (229.01) 51687.67) 9313.09 (1850.05) 1200.71 26.05 0.00 (146.16 16.30) 4.82 (16.46 (61.59) 3968. 2011 78 .66 (26. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V.89 169.48 4718.58 8915. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof. Vijay Kelkar Director N.Annual Report 2010-11 Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows for the year ended March 31.11) 46.32) (1954.59 5803.59 3 Q For and on behalf of the Board Ratan N.57) (3.36) (2207.75 (1485.02) (49667. April 21.86) (11.95 (12.38) (157.17) 579.79) 13.00) 150.28 1548.83) 1024.

000 redeemable preference shares) are held by Tata Sons Limited. 2009.00 195. 3. Subscribed and Paid up (i) 195.00.00.90.00 As at March 31.00 (b) Issued.00. 2010 : 195. 2010 : 100.Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.34.00. 4.86.000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each (March 31.000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on March 17.009 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalisation of profits transferred from General Reserve. 2006 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to ` 220 crores by creation of 100. 2009. The Company allotted 48. These shares would be redeemable at par at the end of six years from the date of allotment but may be redeemed at any time after 3 years from the date of allotment at the option of shareholder. Subscribed and Paid up capital increased to ` 197.000 equity shares of ` 1 each) (ii) 100.00.10.00.72.00.20. 2010 : 144. 2010 : 225. 2010 ` crores 2.00.000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each. 2006.00.72 100.20. The Company allotted 9. The Company allotted 97. pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on May 5. Effective March 28.04.00. 5.00.11. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘A’ SHARE CAPITAL (a) Authorised (i) 225. had been allotted in 2005-06 as fully paid up to the shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation. 144.04.000 redeemable preference shares (March 31.398 equity shares (March 31. 295.000 equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on June 29. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 225. 79 .00 100.00. 8.00.00. the Issued.72 325.72 Notes: 1. 7.72. These shares would carry a fixed cumulative dividend of 1% per annum and a variable non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the rate of dividend declared during the year on the equity shares of the Company and the average rate of dividend declared on the equity shares of the Company for three years preceding the year of issue of the redeemable preference shares.00 225. 2004. 2008. 2010 : 100. 6.00. 91.000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each) 325.05.34.440 equity shares of ` 1 each.00.00 100.00.93. 2004.996 equity shares of ` 1 each (March 31.00.00 225.996 equity shares of ` 1 each) (ii) 100. the holding company.00. 2010 : 100.72 195. Equity shares of ` 10 each have been sub-divided into ten equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to the resolution passed by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting on May 5.00. 2009 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account pursuant to a resolution passed by the shareholders by postal ballot on June 12.00. 9.00.86 crores by allotment of 100.249 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on July 31.498 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on June 18. 2008.00.000 equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on June 12. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 120.398 equity shares) and 100.00 100.000 equity shares of ` 1 each (March 31. 10.000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each) 295.00.000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each (March 31.00.

94) 723.00 As at March 31. entities other than banks and financial institutions) Obligations under finance lease (Refer note 9 to Schedule Q) 37.19) 108.e. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘C’ SECURED LOANS (a) From Banks Overdrafts (b) From Others (i.98 38.37 636. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘B’ RESERVES AND SURPLUS (a) (b) (c) Capital Reserve (on consolidation) Capital Redemption Reserve Securities Premium Account (i) (ii) Opening balance Transferred to Share Capital Account consequent to issue of bonus shares 1918.22 2539.17 (e) (f) Balance in Profit and Loss Account Foreign currency translation reserve (i) (ii) Opening balance Adjustment during the year (net) 108.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.21 0.05 1903.80 62.73 24209. 2.47 1918.84 2016.02 200.44 Notes: 1. Bank overdrafts are secured against domestic book debts.87 (6.40 As at March 31.33 (97.02 0.46 (729.07) 68.21 31.75 92.50 0.07) 18171.77 (g) Hedging reserve account (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q) (i) (ii) Opening balance Adjustment during the year (net) (6. 31.94 (363.40 5. Obligations under finance lease are secured against fixed assets obtained under finance lease arrangements.47 24.58 3367. 2010 ` crores 80 .59 827.75 18635.86) 1918.09 As at March 31.47 (d) General Reserve (i) (ii) Opening balance Transferred from Profit and Loss Account 2539. 2010 ` crores 471.59 13604.

Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.34 62.25 36.96 109.73 72.05 167.45) 70.25 crores (March 31.31 As at March 31.68 As at March 31.43 (0.89 160.04 31. 2010 : ` 1.62 (61. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘E’ DEFERRED TAX BALANCES (a) Deferred Tax Liabilities (net) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Foreign branch profit tax Depreciation and amortisation Employee benefits Provision for doubtful debts Others 60. 2010 ` crores 81 .56) 77.86 43.97 2.33 68.01) 22.25 crores) As at March 31. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘D’ UNSECURED LOANS (a) Short-term loans From Banks (b) Others From entities other than banks 5.38 47.40 49.18 0.11 58.94 77.04) (0.36 Note: Loans (other than short-term) repayable within one year ` 1.81 73.49 (b) Deferred Tax Assets (net) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Foreign branch profit tax Depreciation and amortisation Employee benefits Provision for doubtful debts Others (22.15 1. 2010 ` crores 13.

26 475.52) (345.55 329.09 5.45 crores).85) (1.51 12.15) (2897.31 15.94 21.41) 1.42) 1. The corresponding accumulated depreciation / amortisation ` 37.58 114.04) (4.92) (336.12 99. 2011 Net book value as at March 31.95 28.32) 110.92 115.40) 0.83 30.11 18.32) (12.06) 252.65 69.20) 140.51) 4.04 2.01) (66. 2010 : ` 219.07) (1.68 1.24 2440.75 0.56 21.51) (263.87 848.33) (10.58) (2.99 151.72 crores) is under finance lease.42 14.27 1017.83 (6.16 (236.15 crores being the gross block of subsidiaries acquired during the year.38 (225.72 (9.71 82.04 97.55 1.37) (1592.61) (1.50) (60.25) (10.37 4539.54) (75.00 14.00 crores (March 31.65 59.61 3522.33 3.82 Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet (` crores) Gross Block as at April 1.86) (57.11 crores has been included in the column entitled “Deletions / Adjustments” to Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation.41 Net book value as at March 31.42 439. . furnitures and fixtures of ` 3.73 crores)) Grand Total Notes: 1.21 55.96) 1493. 2011 (11.50 59.05 3.69 6419.39 crores (March 31.17 1430.91 0. Freehold buildings include ` 2.77) (0. 2010 Depreciation / Amortisation for the year Deletions/ Adjustments Translation Exchange Difference Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation as at March 31.79) (0.83 4247.67) 56.76 (4.98) 46.64) (337.35 91.19 584.02 (11.93 (112.29 crores (March 31. 2010 : ` 0.56 (74.73) (4.60) (15.71) (12.15 crores) and leasehold improvements of ` 30.75) (98.60) 6.10) 329.34 12.37) 28.79 (167. 2010 Additions Deletions/ Adjustments Translation Exchange Difference Gross Block as at March 31.47) (2359.92 59.26 534.71) 9.16 272.63 (71.33) (1.51) (54.04) (66.09 587.19 148.04 Annual Report 2010-11 FREEHOLD LAND LEASEHOLD LAND FREEHOLD BUILDINGS FACTORY BUILDINGS LEASEHOLD BUILDINGS LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS PLANT AND MACHINERY COMPUTER EQUIPMENT MOTOR CARS OFFICE EQUIPMENT ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS FURNITURE AND FIXTURES (b) INTANGIBLE ASSETS GOODWILL ON ACQUISITION ACQUIRED CONTRACT RIGHTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY / DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS SOFTWARE LICENSES RIGHTS UNDER LICENSING AGREEMENT Total Previous year Capital Work-in-Progress (including Capital Advances ` 275.32) (23.12 616. 2010 SCHEDULE ‘F’ FIXED ASSETS Description (a) TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS 329.43) (261.49 406.67 crores (March 31.71) 0.66 (0.80 (266.47) 329. Net book value of computer equipment of ` 1.08) 181.55) (290.97 (3.36) (14.89) 1.82) (377. 4.51 (19.23 crore (March 31.98 70. 2.32) (3.92 (1.67 crores) being value of investment in shares of Co-operative Housing Societies and Limited Companies.00 7792.79 1. 2011 Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation as at April 1. 2010 : ` 2.17) (735.00) (2.53 484. 2010 : ` 25.01) 28.29 137.72 (15.06) (94.46 5.09 3522.86 10.05) (0.30 1.08 (21. 2010 : ` 5.04 235.68 49.93 239.58) 5.31 12.96) (11.06 777.28) (2897.35) 10. 2010 : ` 14. Legal formalities relating to conveyance of freehold building having net book value ` 0.68 320.64) (0.51 5843.49) (0.64) 0.18 5716.58 306.26) (660.83) (41.88 (7. 3.50) (304.70) (0.51 (0.09) 3.44 172.18) 0.82 crores (March 31.69 223.17) (3545.71) (77.67 (1291.51) (8.02 105.44 33.02) (27.01 (15.55 86.17 12.15) 4.02) (1. Additions to fixed assets includes ` 66.92 104.63) 48.50 32.85 636.57 (0.72) (2.32) (49.59 0.13 (4.35 (0.04 1469.48 4.62) (0.16 (60.86 737.68 1469.24 6419.25 crore) are pending completion.83 1244.95 95.71 106.58 (27.87 1907.50 56.12 370.10) (74.92 610.27) 1721.75) (1.

24 1763.71 17. Limited Taj Air Limited Yodlee.15 0.12 1305.86 0. Market value of quoted investments Book value of quoted investments Book value of unquoted investments (net of provision) 83.04 0.30 8.87 10.Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.44 3682.01 0. 2010 ` crores 3.08 3682. Inc.82 As at March 31.71 Less: Provision for diminution in value of investments (1.60 4.37 10.92 19.67 Notes: 1.08 84.70 4.07 22.93 As at March 31. 2010 ` crores As at March 31. 3. ALMC HF (formerly Straumur .00 1.29 13. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘H’ INVENTORIES (at lower of cost and net realisable value) (a) (b) (c) (d) Stores and spares Raw Materials.40 4. sub-assemblies and components Goods-in-transit Finished goods and Work-in-progress 4.) (ii) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted) 8% cumulative redeemable preference shares of Tata AutoComp Systems Limited (iii) Others Investment in Bonds (Quoted) Investment in Bonds (Unquoted) Investment in Debentures (Unquoted) CURRENT INVESTMENTS Investment in Mutual Funds (Unquoted) 343.42 84.97 1200.00 5.Burdaras Investment Bank hf.52 11. 2.15 0.63 5.79 83 .11 2459.00 5. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘G’ INVESTMENTS LONG TERM INVESTMENTS (i) Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted) National Power Exchange Limited Philippine Dealing System Holdings Corporation Firstech Solutions Co.00 1.15 1678.97 3671.04) 1762.

67 (2) (3) (ii) 26.33 7.67 Less: Provision for doubtful debts (233.69 538.61 4718.40 54.03 crore)) In cash credit accounts In deposit accounts 82.32 320.87 8198. 2010 ` crores Others (i) (ii) Considered good Considered doubtful 7407.09 417.01 526.84 As at March 31.31 with Foreign Banks (1) (2) In current accounts In deposit accounts 616. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘J’ CASH AND BANK BALANCES (a) (b) (c) (d) Cash on hand Cheques on hand Remittances in transit Bank Balances (i) with Scheduled Banks (1) In current accounts (including Equity share application monies of ` 0. 2010 ` crores 1.97 5323.59 84 .22 7378. 2010 : ` 0.43 (0. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘I’ SUNDRY DEBTORS (Unsecured) (a) Over six months (i) (ii) (b) Considered good Considered doubtful 787.34 102.78 6186.91 (336.84) 5850.06 As at March 31.67 3531.36 3.55 28.65 (1.07 6.56) 3.69 8428.44 As at March 31.32 6061.41 2.75 84.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.03 crore (March 31.70 13.75 16.70) 8194.34 5855.41 (c) Future finance lease receivables (Refer Note 9 to Schedule Q) Less: Unearned finance income 4.27 527.61 230.31) 5.

29 34.00 As at March 31.19 250.16 (b) Considered doubtful (i) (ii) Loans and advances to employees Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 27.72 1031.54 10. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts.21 4093.79 90.47) 3969. 2010 ` crores Advances from customers Advance billings and deferred revenues Equity share application monies refundable Investor Education and Protection Fund .67 2377.97 38.47 (34.51 Less: Provision for doubtful loans and advances (38. 57.44 771.92 0.28 2977.71 4858.82 0.07 40.89 0.77 As at March 31.45 35.03 8. 2.42 3347.77 164.Unpaid dividends (not due) Other liabilities Interest accrued but not due 85 . 114.51) 4858.00 As at March 31.12 1095.03 5.81 371.19 4698.42 0.23 290.61 771.33 1938. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include Inter-corporate deposits. 2010 ` crores 22.06 1249.18 12.16 Notes: 1.70 115. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘K’ LOANS AND ADVANCES (Unsecured) (a) Considered good (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Loans and advances to employees Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received Advance tax (including refunds receivable) (net) MAT credit entitlement 199.41 522.09 Note: Other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts.Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.88 3969.94 0. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘L’ CURRENT LIABILITIES (a) Sundry Creditors (i) (ii) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Dues of micro and small enterprises Dues of other creditors 7.30 702.

85 4.54 (1.27 0.36 crores)) Dividend income Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) Rent Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) Exchange loss (net) Miscellaneous income 497.78 11.39 604.58 2906.07 As at March 31.85 7. Dividend income pertains to: Dividend from other long-term investments Dividend from mutual funds (other investments) Exchange loss (net) includes : Loss on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q).23 16.13 4300.99 7.00 466.50) (187.08 272.07 1565.07 2010 ` crores 2.56) 0.00 Notes: 1.74 0. 2010 ` crores Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘N’ OTHER INCOME (NET) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Interest (Tax deducted at source ` 44.11 13.88) 84. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘M’ PROVISIONS (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) Current income taxes (net) Fringe benefit tax (net) Contingencies Employee benefits Proposed final dividend on equity shares Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares Tax on dividend Provision for warranties 405. 86 .91 599.18 crores (Previous year : ` 16.82) (36.11 17.90) (190.23) 42.49 460.23 0.77 15.26 (3.38 7.00 266.38 157.03 205.94 649.35 13. (24.04 81.02 7.85 2740.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Balance Sheet As at March 31.

33 919. Repairs and maintenance includes: Buildings Office and computer equipment 126.87 30.48 213.90 720.32 4186.95 16.77 250.12 118.53 206.82 94.85 90.68 1. hardware and material costs Cost of software licenses Communication expenses Travelling and conveyance expenses Rent Legal and professional fees Repairs and maintenance Electricity expenses Bad Debts and advances written off (Write back of provision) / Provision for doubtful debts Provision for doubtful advances Recruitment and training expenses Provision for diminution in value of long-term investments Commission and brokerage Printing and stationery Insurance Rates and taxes Entertainment Impairment of goodwill in subsidiaries Other expenses 5529.14 555.69 302.30) 4.80 225.79 464.43 256.36 112.59 24.21 6.35 (102.10 319.21 1836.96 12420.79 13726.99 524.73 734.08 25.37 45.34 473.68 77.01 99.98 79.21 65.83 10879.57 12030.20 4986.10 542.76 699.10 264.05 210.62 45.98 25.61 2010 ` crores Gratuity fund contributions Social security and other benefit plans for overseas employees Staff welfare expenses 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘P’ OPERATION AND OTHER EXPENSES (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) (o) (p) (q) (r) (s) (t) (u) (v) Overseas business expenses Services rendered by business associates and others Software.31 64.00 212.77 222.22 9558.97 987.67 4.93 261. Overseas business expenses includes: Travel expenses Employee allowances 2.95 87 .43 515.78 21.65 169.24 422.Schedules forming part of the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘O’ EMPLOYEE COSTS (a) (b) Salaries and incentives Contributions to (i) (ii) (c) (d) (e) Provident fund Superannuation scheme 320.55 1100.59 34.07 1261.08 20.87 341.69 2010 ` crores 4570.05 Notes: 1.50 10454.18 109.

ii) iii) iv) v) vi) c) Use of estimates The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Group to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. 1956. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Alternatively. it is recognised as ‘Capital Reserve’ and shown under the head ‘Reserves and Surplus’. less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. Minority interest in the net assets of consolidated subsidiaries consists of the amount of equity attributable to the minority shareholders at the dates on which investments are made by the Group in the subsidiary companies and further movements in their share in the equity. An associate is an enterprise in which the investor has significant influence and which is neither a subsidiary nor a joint venture. The consolidated financial statements include the share of profit / loss of associate companies. the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment. where the share of equity in the subsidiary companies as on the date of investment is in excess of cost of investment of the Group.Annual Report 2010-11 SCHEDULE ‘Q’ . income and expenses. Interest in a jointly controlled entity is reported using proportionate consolidation. Inter-company balances and transactions and unrealised profits or losses have been fully eliminated.000 or less which are not capitalised except when they are part of a larger capital investment programme. the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the determination of the profit or loss on disposal.NOTES TO ACCOUNTS 1) Significant Accounting Policies a) Basis of Preparation The consolidated financial statements of Tata Consultancy Services Limited. Fixed assets exclude computers and other assets individually costing ` 50. provision for income taxes. d) Fixed Assets Fixed assets are stated at cost. b) Principles of consolidation The financial statements of the subsidiary companies used in the consolidation are drawn up to the same reporting date as of the Company. its subsidiaries and associates (“the Group”) are prepared under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act. subsequent to the dates of investments. employee benefits. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the following basis: i) The financial statements of the Company and its subsidiary companies have been combined on a line-by-line basis by adding together like items of assets. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts. The excess of cost to the Group of its investments in subsidiary companies over its share of the equity of the subsidiary companies at the dates on which the investments in the subsidiary companies are made. 88 . is recognised as ‘Goodwill’ being an asset in the consolidated financial statements. accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete software development. which are accounted under the ‘Equity method’ as per which the share of profit of the associate company has been added to the cost of investment. liabilities. On disposal of a subsidiary or a jointly controlled entity. in the consolidated financial statements.

89% 19.33% 16% .33.2. or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. g) Impairment At each balance sheet date. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.50% 25.e) Depreciation / Amortisation Depreciation / Amortisation other than on freehold land and capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the cost of the assets. as a lessor.89% .63% .20% 10% . the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. Lease rentals under operating lease are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.100% 5 . For the purpose of impairment testing. Cash-generating units to which goodwill has been allocated are tested for impairment annually.12 years 12 years 24 . If the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit is less than the carrying amount of the unit.29.60 months License Period 20% . Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and value in use. on the following basis: Leasehold Land and Buildings Freehold Buildings Factory Buildings Leasehold Improvements Plant and Machinery Computer Equipment Motor Cars Office Equipment Electrical Installations Furniture and Fixtures Goodwill Acquired Contract Rights Intellectual Property / Distribution Rights Software Licenses Rights under Licensing Agreement Straight-Line Written down value Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Written down value Straight-Line Written down value Straight-Line Written down value Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Straight-Line Lease period 5% 1. the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the lessor. Reversal of impairment loss on goodwill because of a change in estimates is not permitted.91% 10% . are recognised as operating lease.50% License Period Fixed assets purchased for specific projects are depreciated over the period of the project. In assessing value in use. the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro-rata on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. Assets leased by the Group in its capacity as lessee. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the profit and loss account. f) Leases Where the Group. where the Group has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and risks specific to the asset.20% 13. Lease arrangements where.91% 18% .33% 13. leases assets under finance leases such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.80% .50% 10% Lease period 33. goodwill is allocated to each of the Group’s cash-generating units expected to benefit from the synergies of the acquisition. 89 . If any such indication exists. the recoverable amount of the assets is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss.

Revenues from Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services are recognised on time and material. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable. For defined benefit schemes. and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. ii) Short-term employee benefits The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme. which are generally time bound fixed price contracts. with contract costs determining the degree of completion. less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. j) Revenue recognition Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method. are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method. Dividends are recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Revenue on time and material and unit priced contracts is recognised as the related services are rendered. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Revenues from the sale of equipment are recognised upon delivery. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave. In case of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract. iii) Long-term employee benefits Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. 90 . Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised as per the proportionate completion method with contract cost determining the degree of completion. determined on a portfolio basis.Annual Report 2010-11 h) Investments Long-term investments are stated at cost. which is when title passes to the customer. overseas social security contributions and performance incentives. i) Employee benefits (Refer note 5) i) Post-employment benefit plans Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. Revenues from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. Revenues from turnkey contracts. fixed price and unit priced contracts. with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Tax expense relating to overseas operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation rates set out in paragraph 1(e). which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability. Forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts outstanding at the balance sheet date. costs incurred subsequent to achievement of technological feasibility are usually not significant. deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise these assets. l) Taxation Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. the Group’s products are released soon after technological feasibility has been established. Premium or discount on forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in the profit and loss account over the period of the contract. MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Group and the asset can be measured reliably. 91 . m) Foreign currency transactions Income and expense in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses. For the purpose of consolidation. are stated at fair values and any gains or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account. other than designated cash flow hedges. In other situations. The net impact of such change is accumulated under foreign currency translation reserve. Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws. in substance. forms part of an enterprise’s net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve. Accordingly. and generally most software development costs have been expensed. In most instances. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act.k) Research and Development Expenditure on research and development activities is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred. Development costs of marketable computer software are capitalised when a product’s technological feasibility has been established until the time the product is available for general release to customers. Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance tax paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction and the Group intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis. deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Therefore. is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Group will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. The Group offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws. 1961. income and expenses are translated at average rates and the assets and liabilities are stated at closing rate. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item that.

or exercised. The grant is recognised as income over the life of a depreciable asset by way of a reduced depreciation charge. terminated. Cost includes direct material and labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads. Finished goods produced or purchased by the Group are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets A provision is recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in shareholders’ funds is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs. in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis. which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the risk management strategy of the Company and its subsidiaries. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised directly in shareholders’ funds and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the profit and loss account. to be cash equivalents. on a systematic basis. and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value. sub-assemblies and components are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Work-in-progress is carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. q) Provisions. o) Inventories Raw materials. At that time for forecasted transactions. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. less provision for obsolescence. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. r) Cash and cash equivalents The Group considers all highly liquid financial instruments. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost. The use of hedging instruments is governed by the policies of the Company and its subsidiaries which are approved by its respective Board of Directors. which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase. 92 . or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. Government grants whose primary condition is that the Group should purchase. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur. Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in profit and loss account as they arise. the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders’ funds is transferred to the profit and loss account for the period. construct or otherwise acquire capital assets are presented by deducting them from the carrying value of the assets. The Group designates these hedging instruments as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Indian Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39). Other government grants are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them with the costs for which they are intended to compensate. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost.Annual Report 2010-11 n) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting The Group uses foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. p) Government Grants Government grants are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the Group will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants will be received.

00 100. 2010 89.00 - 100.12 76. 30.00 100.00 100.10.00 100.2010) India India India UK India Canada USA Singapore Belgium Germany Netherlands Sweden Australia Uruguay India Morocco South Africa India India India USA China China China Uruguay Argentina Brazil Mexico Spain Italy Japan Malaysia Capellen (G.00 100.12 76.A.00 100. (formerly Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S. Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S. TCS e-Serve Limited MahaOnline Limited (w.00 100.00 100.00 89.00 100.00 96.00 100.2010) TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.2) a) Particulars of subsidiaries and associates Name of the Company Country of Incorporation Percentage of voting power as at March 31. Ltd.00 100.A..00 99. Tata America International Corporation Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.00 100.06.26 - Subsidiaries (held directly) APOnline Limited C-Edge Technologies Limited CMC Limited Diligenta Limited MP Online Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.00 99.00 100.A. 28.63 100.00 100.00 100.A.00 100.A.99 100. 2011 89.00 100.00 100.00 60.00 96.00 100.00 51.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.00 100. Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S. Ltd.00 100.e.00 100.e. (ceased to be a subsidiary w.00 100.00 100. Financial Network Services (Beijing) Co.00 51. TCS Italia SRL Tata Consultancy Services Japan Ltd.f.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.) Syscrom S.00 100.00 99.07.00 100.e. 31.99 100. Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB TCS FNS Pty Limited TCS Iberoamerica SA WTI Advanced Technology Limited Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Consultancy Services (Africa) (PTY) Ltd.00 Percentage of voting power as at March 31.f.V. De C.00 74.D.00 100. Tata Information Technology (Shanghai) Company Limited Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co.00 100.00 65.00 100.00 100.07.00 89.. Tata Consultancy Services Malaysia Sdn Bhd Tata Consultancy Services Luxembourg S. TCS Solution Center S.00 51.A.A.f. Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.00 51.00 100.00 93 .00 100.e.00 100. 08. Tata Consultancy Services Portugal Unipessoal Limitada Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.f.00 100.00 100.2010) Retail FullServe Limited (w.26 74. (ceased to be a subsidiary w.00 60.94 100.00 100.2010) (formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited) Subsidiaries (held indirectly) CMC Americas Inc.A. de Luxembourg) Portugal Chile Chile Chile Chile 100.00 100.A.

00 100. Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.e.A TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited TCS Management Pty Ltd. Exegenix Research Inc. Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.) Limited (ceased to be a subsidiary w. Inc. 04.00 100. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.00 100.2010) b) Chile Ecuador Australia Australia Australia Indonesia Indonesia Hong Kong Switzerland France South Africa Thailand Philippines India USA Canada Canada Uruguay Uruguay UK USA USA India Percentage of voting power as at March 31.00 100.06 2. 2010.01. 31.00 100. Tata Consultancy Services (Thailand) Limited Tata Consultancy Services (Philippines) Inc.04 Percentage of voting power as at March 31.A. (w.2010) (formerly Unisys Insurance Services Limited) MS CJV Investments Corporation (w.77 Net Assets 118.f.A.A.f.00 100.00 100.2010) TCS Uruguay S.e.00 100.f. (ceased to be a subsidiary w.2010) Tata Consultancy Services Switzerland Ltd. MGDC S.2010) CMC eBiz Inc.00 100.e.00 100.00 100.12.00 100. 2010.C.e.00 100.30 44. A. 04.00 100.35 6.f.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.20) 5.f.e.A. 2011 100. PT Financial Network Services PT Tata Consultancy Services Indonesia Financial Network Services (H.e.00 The contribution of the subsidiaries formed or acquired during the year is as under: (` crores) Name of Subsidiary Diligenta 2 Limited MahaOnline Limited MS CJV Investments Corporation Retail FullServe Limited CMC eBiz Inc.00 100. Syscrom S.09.00 100.10.00 100.00 100.e. Tata Consultancy Services France SAS Tata Consultancy Services (South Africa) (PTY) Ltd.06.00 100.f.00 19.e. Diligenta 2 Limited (w.f. 01. Revenue (post acquisition) 188.00 100. 15.K. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada. On July 31. 30.08. 01. On June 30. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada.00 100.00 100.A.f.00 100.81 0.12.10. 2010 100. TCS e-Serve International Limited TCS e-Serve America.2010) ERI Holdings Corp.93 Net Profit/(Loss) (post acquisition) 0. b) c) 94 .16 0.2010) TATASOLUTION CENTER S.00 100. (ceased to be a subsidiary w. 2010.00 100.26 44.00 75.00 100.00 100.2011) Associate National Power Exchange Limited (ceased to be an associate w.52 (0.30 2.00 100.40 3) Acquisitions / Divestments a) On June 30. has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.00 100.Annual Report 2010-11 Name of the Company Country of Incorporation Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada (ceased to be a subsidiary w. 27. Chile has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.00 75.00 50.

d) On August 31. 2011.01 crores (Previous year : ` 264.94% to 74. the Company subscribed to 74% of the equity share capital of MahaOnline Limited. 2010..63%.K. The Group has contributed ` 68. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Provident Fund scheme additionally requires the Company and its subsidiaries to guarantee payment of interest at rates notified by the Central Government from time to time. post retirement medical benefit and pension plan. Inc.e.) Limited (subsidiary of TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited) has been voluntarily liquidated. 2010. September 4. Limited. have merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.01 crores) towards foreign defined contribution plans. the Company and its subsidiaries are required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. National Power Exchange Limited ceased to be an associate of the Company w. and ERI Holding Corp. the Company. On September 23.82 crores (Previous year : ` 77. Exegenix Research Inc.68 crores) for provident fund contributions and ` 99. 2010. Retirement benefit plans a) Defined contribution plans The Company and its subsidiaries make Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. On October 8. On October 15. The measurement date used for determining retirement benefits for gratuity is March 31. Financial Network Services (H.60 crores (Previous year : ` 53. The Group recognised ` 320. The contributions payable to these plans by the Group are at rates specified in the rules of the schemes. the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co. The following table set out the funded status of the retirement benefit plans and the amounts recognised in the financial statements: 5) 95 . the Company and its subsidiaries in India provide for gratuity. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services Limited. through its subsidiary. 2010. 2010. through its subsidiary. the Company. Consequently. not to transfer its controlling interest in TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited. b) Defined benefit plans In accordance with Indian law.21 crores) for superannuation contributions in the profit and loss account. a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees in India. 2010. acquired 100% equity interest in Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly Unisys Insurance Services Limited). for which shortfall has been provided for as at the Balance Sheet date. the Company has acquired 100% equity share capital of Retail FullServe Limited (formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited). acquired 100% equity share capital of MS CJV Investments Corporation. 2010. e) f) g) h) i) j) k) 4) The Company has given undertakings to (a) Bank of China Co. with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. Certain overseas subsidiaries of the Company also provide for retirement benefit plans in accordance with the local laws. the Company.f. through its subsidiary. On January 27. has increased from 65. On December 1. Under the schemes. a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS FNS Pty Limited and (b) the Government of Maharashtra not to divest its shareholding in MahaOnline Limited except to an affiliate. The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current service cost were measured using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Ltd. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement. On October 4. subscribed to 100% share capital of CMC eBiz.

90 6.26) (18. 2011 592.89 93.25 6.17 (9.91 436.38 90.10) (9.17 (46.94 16.86) 810.07 200.04) (17.76) 4.50) 2.89 19. end of the year Indian As at March 31.85 (36.16) (47.83 359.16) (47.38) (83.78) (77.94) 4.38) 4.60 32.55 719. beginning of the year Service cost Interest cost Acquisitions Actuarial (gain) / loss Plan Participants’ contributions Exchange loss / (gain) Past service cost Benefit paid Projected benefit obligation.50 3.80 Consolidated As at March 31. 2011 ii) Change in plan assets: Fair value of plan assets.14 497.86) 13.62 8.94) 0.19 6. 2011 670.79 91.72 (0.74) (60. 2011 155.09 107.46 (11.62 592.99 7.87) 96 .31 (7.17 6.49) (7.06) 11.33 5.43 6. 2011 497. beginning of the year Expected return on plan assets Plan Participants’ contributions Employers’ contributions Exchange gain / (loss) Benefit paid Actuarial gain Fair value of plan assets.17 6.79 19.27 (6.83 (83.31 137.87 48.63 37.79 18.33 5.21 Foreign As at March 31.41 16.79 16.72 5.10) (46.38) Foreign As at March 31.33 5.49) (` crores) Consolidated As at March 31.04) (17.26 16.Annual Report 2010-11 (` crores) Funded retirement benefits Indian As at March 31. end of the year Excess of (obligation over plan assets) iii) Accrued liability 436.80 159.01 i) Change in benefit obligations: Project benefit obligation.13 (36.52 13.56 (8.75 (9.88 40.74) (60. 2011 172.00 90.87) (90.48) 602.01 585.65 497.90) (29.14 (90.71 155.38) 207.27 3.46 (11.79 19.35 72.75 172.33 5.48 518.90) (29.37 3.19 0.21 425.11 70.95 76.40 670.48) 9.77 39.75 (9.71 16.98 33.25 45.15 39.46 0.26) (18.78) (77.

00% The estimate of future salary increases considered in actuarial valuation take account of inflation.01 1.17 6.92 436.82 517.87 48.19 (37.35) 4.13 59.58 18.50% Foreign 5.73 17.15 74.90 719.49 42.48 46.59 435.24) 94.00% 4.12.(` crores) Funded retirement benefits iv) Net gratuity and other cost: Service cost Interest on defined benefit obligation Expected return on plan assets Past service cost Net actuarial (gains) recognised in the year Net gratuity and other cost Actual Return on Plan Assets Indian 2011 90.25 18.01 1.98 33.56 55.07 1.15 29.60) (32.00% 3.25% 5.79 (` crores) Consolidated As at March 31. The expected return on plan assets is determined considering several applicable factors mainly the composition of the plan assets held.45% 5.33 0.46 (45. 2011 92.00% . promotion and other relevant factors such as supply and demand factors in the employment market.58) (1.00% 4.63 592.00% 1. historical results of the return on plan assets and the Company and its subsidiaries policy for plan asset management.88 40.82 Foreign 2011 16.15 74.27 (8.75 65.00% 3.88) 5.50 3.97 Consolidated 2011 107.17 (10.48 83.31 vi) Assumptions used in accounting for the gratuity plan: Indian Discount rate Salary escalation rate Expected rate of return on plan assets 8.17 (14.90) 0.12) 100. 2011 v) Category of Assets: Corporate Bonds Equity Shares Special Deposit Scheme Index Linked Gilt Insurer Managed Funds Cash and Bank Balances Others Total 1. 2011 92.50% 4.25) 4.00 1.13 (3. assessed risks of asset management.94 16.37 3.17) (6.82 1.07 1.71) (12.89 93.00% 7.99 7.15 29.00 38.12.49 42.71 155.06 518.09 31.69 19.50% 4.84 200.95 76.83 Foreign As at March 31.00% .00% 8.60% 3.29) (14. seniority.50% 1.09 31.16 28.65 12.15 39.77) (39.87 35.59 435. 97 .16 27.14 Indian As at March 31.76 38.56% 8.76 517.30% 3.50% 6.

75) 3.21 124.42) 0.46 (6.91 (83.21 436.55 3.33 207.41 crores to gratuity funds for the year ended March 31.44 256.66 4.04 0.71 (7.80) (0.47 497.00% 7.Annual Report 2010-11 (` crores) Particulars 2011 Experience adjustment On plan liabilities On plan assets Present value of benefit obligation Fair value of plan assets Excess of (obligation over plan assets) Particulars 2011 Experience adjustment On plan liabilities On plan assets Present value of benefit obligation Fair value of plan assets Excess of (obligation over plan assets) / plan assets over obligation (3.35 0.61) The expected benefits are based on the same assumptions used to measure Group’s gratuity obligations as at March 31.87 (7.27 602.63) (` crores) Foreign 2010 2009 (10.01) 0.96 332.74) Domestic 2010 2009 4.50% iv) Assumptions used in accounting for the medical plan: Discount rate 98 .02) 172.33 (0.01) 0.49) 4.31 5.08 425.09) 2008 (0.04 0.48 100.80 244.43) 3.31) (0.66) (` crores) 2011 ii) Accrued liability iii) Net medical and other cost: Service cost Interest on defined benefit obligation Curtailment Net Actuarial (gain) / loss recognised in the year Net medical and other cost 0.10 crores.56 (65.80 155.10 2007 0.26 (0. 2011.33 (0. end of the year 4.63 (65.83 (60.62 (22.04) 31.83 4.71 137.86) (12.31 (17.75) 2008 (27.34 (0. 2011 i) Change in benefit obligations: Project benefit obligation.31 crores and foreign component of ` 18.17) 159.26 (0. Unfunded post retirement medical benefits (` crores) As at March 31.38) (19.65) 2007 (22.75 200.04 0.17 (12.01) 5.46 0.05 9.83) (4. beginning of the year Service cost Interest cost Curtailment Actuarial (gain) / loss Benefit paid Projected benefit obligation. 2012.38 359.63 Rate 8.35 0.72) 0.66 (3.25) 119.80) (0. comprising domestic component of ` 63. Group is expected to contribute ` 81.21 266.51) 108.04 0.11) 2.65 518.41) (0.

90 2.70 2.85 crores (March 31.99 1012.81 The total amount recognised in the profit and loss account for the year ended March 31. 2010 1. 9) Finance Lease a) Company as lessor (` crores) Particulars i) Total gross investment for the period Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years ii) Present value of Minimum Lease Payments receivable Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years iii) Unearned Finance Income As at March 31.65 2.42 5. 2011 4. fixed price basis.31 99 . a sum of ` 302. Obligation towards operating leases (` crores) Non-cancellable operating lease obligation Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years Total As at March 31.56 As at March 31. 2010 6.6) Unbilled revenue as at March 31.43 2.03 3.63 crores) in respect of obligation under non-cancellable operating leases have been charged to the profit and loss account.14 crores) primarily comprises of the revenue recognised in relation to efforts incurred on turnkey contracts priced on a fixed time.73 crores (Previous year : ` 295. 2010 406. 8) Receivables under sub leases (` crores) Sub lease receivables Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years Total As at March 31.22 2896. amounting to ` 1348.78 2.23 4. 2010 : ` 1201.20 As at March 31.67 As at March 31.90 crores) has been charged to the profit and loss account in respect of cancellable operating leases.46 1395. 2011 1.09 2. 2011. Further. 2011 is ` 2.04 crores (Previous year : ` 424. 2011 488.36 2853.34 1.17 0.34 3.79 1172.65 7) Rental expenses of ` 432.50 1274.87 1.30 0.47 3.93 crores).86 crores (Previous year : ` 1.87 1.

53 31.98 4. Fixed assets that are used interchangeably among segments are not allocated to primary and secondary segments. 10) Research and development expenditure aggregating ` 106. Segment Reporting The Group has identified business segments (industry practice) as its primary segment and geographic segments as its secondary segment. resources and utilities. s-Governance. companies in telecommunication. transportation and hospitality. Hi-Tech industry practice. India and Others. Europe. travel.90 10.67 12. Geographical revenues are allocated based on the location of the customer. Expenses which are not directly identifiable to each reporting segment have been allocated on the basis of associated revenues of the segment and manpower efforts. companies in retail and consumer packaged goods industries.27 crore (Previous year : ` 0. media and entertainment and others such as energy.13 38. life science and healthcare.01 14. All other expenses which are not attributable or allocable to segments have been disclosed as unallocable expenses.39 crore).61 10.13 crores (Previous year : ` 84.Annual Report 2010-11 b) Company as lessee (` crores) Obligations towards finance leases Assets acquired under finance lease i) Minimum Lease Payments: 10. Assets and liabilities that are directly attributable or allocable to segments are disclosed under each reportable segment.82 52. etc. Geographic segments of the Group are Americas (including Canada and South American countries).21 59.76 14. All other assets and liabilities are disclosed as unallocable. 37.90 28.95 8. 2010 11) 12) 100 . Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments are reported under each reportable segment. Sale of Equipment is net of excise duty of ` 0.28 23.92 Total ii) Present value of Minimum Lease Payments: 4. products. finance and insurance services. manufacturing companies. 2011 As at March 31.44 crores) was incurred during the year. Business segments are primarily financial services comprising customers providing banking.09 Total The finance lease arrangements are renewable at the option of the lessee.48 As at March 31.

88 869.35 1074.92 11064.07 7788.43 32751. Financial Services and Insurance Revenue Segment result Unallocable expenses (net) Operating income Other income (net) Profit before taxes Tax expense Profit before Minority Interest and share of loss of associate Minority Interest Share of loss of associates Net profit for the year As at March 31.47 768.94 8648.30 1.65 6559.29 3805.79 16526. 2011 Particulars Banking.32 1360.93 6767.51 30028.63 1830.72 6031.22 1890.98 10416.60 13488.07 11020.87 8565.33 37324.43 1071.76 2433.07 2623.47 546.68 846.73 59.78 1350.22 Segment liabilities Unallocable liabilities Total liabilities 751.54 647.02 75.83 1196.85 5170.62 8017.31 520.79 17764.56 604.82 2273.02 1843.00 272.49 1750.45 628.30 743.66 121.45 90.04 7000.42 77.37 669.23 6486.31 255.26 15454.79 7092.53 5292.64 Telecom Others (` crores) Total 101 .03 9068.73 2751. 2011 Segment assets Unallocable assets Total assets 7449.97 9189.85 27394.Year ended March 31.80 704.59 11939.45 4365.89 210.60 800.01 Business Segments Manufacturing Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods 4105.40 107.46 14987.09 8564.05 3181.84 3873.62 8289.25 1756.94 1798.99 0.

89) 0.39 100.54) 174.99 (97.40 5364.51 114.57 3435.99 530.Annual Report 2010-11 Particulars Banking. Financial Services and Insurance Other information : Capital Expenditure (allocable) Capital Expenditure (unallocable) Depreciation (allocable) Depreciation (unallocable) Other significant non cash expenses (allocable) Other significant non cash expenses (net) (unallocable) 11.66 Business Segments Manufacturing Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods Telecom Others (` crores) Total The following geographic segments individually contribute 10 percent or more of the Group’s revenues and segment assets: (` crores) Geographic Segment Revenues for the year ended March 31.05 4.44 4414.62 39.90 620.15 3223.67 8009.26 28. 2011 21457. 2011 6293. 2011 (Previous year : ` 39.66 4. Related Party Disclosures A) Related Parties and their Relationship I) Holding Company Tata Sons Limited II) Fellow Subsidiaries with whom the Group has transactions 14) 102 .56 9.11 1.90 Segment Asset as at March 31.50) 122.19 140.18 2568.03 0.79 157.71 3511.51 17272.33 (0.48 (119.06 2597.16 9.11 0.57 7.95 99.76 crores for the year ended March 31.14 129.27 crores) in domestic and certain overseas jurisdictions relating to earlier years.27 129.66 892.30 1738.93 9250.15 120.73 Americas Europe India 13) Current tax is net of the effect of additional provision (net) of ` 132.56 10.85 40.58 17.

03 Total Issue of bonus shares 72.15 21.07 32.01 67.17 67.07 3.58 - 72.04 32.24 67.85 0.15 17.01 67. 2011 (` crores) Particulars Holding Company Fellow Subsidiaries Associates Key Management Personnel 0.III) Associate IV) Key Management Personnel B) Transactions with related parties Year ended March 31.43 Brand equity contribution Purchase of fixed assets 103 .

76 243.09 0.15 0.00 180.07 67.06 0.77 0. 2011 Debtors.93 9.34 334. Loans and advances (net) Sundry creditors.95 0.71 89.02 - - 396.20 0.74 0.48 1279.86 1000.28 0.77 0.88 1200.97 1.37 79.67 0.29 0.30 0.23 1.15 71.72 98.68 0.53 3.81 1226.85 124.05 10.22 0.00 49.65 Inter corporate deposit placed Inter corporate deposit matured Purchase of investment Sale of investment (including interest) Revenues Interest income Dividend income Other income Purchase of goods.14 34.00 180.89 17. Unbilled revenue.78 8. Advances from customers Investment in Debentures 63.65 Total Loans and advances 0.00 104 .Annual Report 2010-11 Year ended March 31.37 175.31 0.72 - 0.00 400.02 200.37 34.00 0. services and facilities (including reimbursement) Rent paid Provision for doubtful debts / advances Excess provision written back Bad debts written-off Dividend paid Dividend on redeemable preference shares (paid) Remuneration C) Balances with related parties As at March 31.04 1079.00 7.10 2891.86 1000.87 0.31 0.00 0.00 179.86 1200.00 146.29 3.44 200. 2011 (` crores) Particulars Holding Company Fellow Subsidiaries Associates Key Management Personnel 0.00 225.20 2886.21 3.46 10.50 97.00 399. Advance billings and deferred revenues.63 97.10 4.00 10.00 - 175.99 334.58 1228.05 10.68 0.81 8.61 262.20 0.55 27.00 150.32 0.79 19.00 332.38 122.67 0.00 7.49 3.07 17.00 200.10 0.00 150.00 49.44 101.43 25.52 0.38 123.50 16.00 179.03 - 0.

43 11.32 220.00 19.00 15.D) Disclosure of Material Transactions with Related Parties (` crores) 2011 Purchase of fixed assets Tata Sons Limited Tata Consulting Engineers Limited Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Loans given during the year Tata Sons Limited Inter-corporate deposits placed Tata Sky Limited Infiniti Retail Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Tata Realty and Infrastructure Limited Inter-corporate deposits matured Tata Sky Limited Infiniti Retail Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Tata Autocomp Systems Limited Tata Realty and Infrastructure Limited Purchase of investments Tata Sons Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Tata Capital Limited Sale of investments Tata Capital Limited Revenues Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Sky Limited Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited Interest income Tata Sons Limited Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Purchase of goods.30 6.20 53.00 5.37 10.83 17.66 89.11 2010 105 .79 25.50 10.85 6.31 41.00 150.75 20.78 13.59 25.50 16.11 0. services and facilities Tata Capital Limited Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited TC Travel And Services Limited 7.86 146.82 17.00 15.02 1000.00 25.00 35.47 45.00 100.33 32.10 25.54 3.00 0.35 251.00 5.00 5.92 62.00 19.81 150.00 170.11 12.00 79.00 200.

61 121. Advances from customers Tata Sons Limited Tata Teleservices Limited Investment in Debentures Tata Sons Limited Panatone Finvest Limited 15) Contingent Liabilities (` crores) Particulars Claims against the Group not acknowledged as debt Income Taxes (See note (i) below) Indirect Taxes Guarantees given by the Group (See note (ii) below) Unexpired Letters of Credit Other Contingencies As at March 31.74 1.68 0.86 200.36 1.30 40.07 71.28 2010 106 .19 0.25 8. N.00 1000.67 19.33 471.85 1.25 11.00 200. S.04 144. Loans and advances Tata Sons Limited Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Tata Sky Limited Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited Sundry creditors.41 71. Advance billings and deferred revenues.08 0.98 2.85 101.30 2.05 1.91 0.56 14.15 16. Mahalingam Mr. 2011 82.79 80.39 12.29 0.04 13.67 1.90 2. Chandrasekaran Mr.00 67. 2010 114.89 1923.76 63.41 0.17 168.68 2259.25 1.14 5. Phiroz Vandrevala Debtors.69 3.57 0.94 As at March 31.48 1.15 1079.83 842.Annual Report 2010-11 (` crores) 2011 Rent paid Tata Sons Limited Tata Limited Tata Africa Holdings (SA) (Proprietary) Limited Provision for doubtful debts / advances (expense) VIOM Networks Limited (formerly Wireless-TT Info Services Limited) TATA Africa Holdings (Kenya) Limited Tata Teleservices Limited Bad Debts written off Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited Excess provision written back Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Capital Limited Remuneration to Key Management Personnel Mr.

The counter party is generally a bank. Phoenix Group Services Limited (“Phoenix”) (formerly Pearl Group Services Limited ) has an equity holding of 24% in Diligenta Limited.55 crores (USD 1 million) has been paid by the Company during the year ended March 31.08 crores (GBP 30. enter into foreign currency forward contracts and currency option contracts to manage its exposure in foreign exchange rates. neither of the option has been exercised. of Contracts Notional amount of Forward contracts (million) Fair Value (` crores) No. 2010 Notional amount of Forward contracts (million) Fair Value (` crores) Gain / (Loss) U.50 million) to third parties on behalf of its subsidiary Diligenta Limited. on all such claims.13 crores against the disputed amounts for the various assessment years. Under the shareholders agreement dated March 23. The Group has examined the social security and tax aspects of contracts with legal entities which provide services to an overseas subsidiary and. of Contracts March 31. Dollar Sterling Pound Australian Dollar 52 38 19 207. ii) iii) iv) 18) Derivative Financial Instruments The Company and its subsidiaries. 2011 Foreign Currency No. 2006.82 27. 2010 : ` 1172. As at March 31. the Company has received ` 27. 2011.24 - Gain 12. The Company is entitled to an indemnification of the above referred contingent claims on TCS e-Serve Limited from the seller and would be required to refund to the seller. 2010 : ` 9.50 34. (merged with Tata Consultancy Services Chile S. 2011. as at: March 31. The share purchase agreement for acquisition of Comicrom S.00 crores). i. ii) iii) 16) 17) During the year ended March 31. which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges. TCS e-Serve Limited had net advance taxes aggregating to ` 185. amounts equal to monies received by TCS e-Serve Limited. 2010 : ` 212. As on the acquisition date. 2010 : ` 1719. The Company has further call option commencing from the sixth year till the end of the eightieth year.e. the Company has a call option to purchase all the shares held by Phoenix at fixed price of ` 217.18 - 107 . 2011: i) The following are outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts. which has been adjusted against the goodwill arising on consolidation.33 crores (USD 6 million) from the seller of an investment against the release of an indemnification obligation.27 crores (March 31. These contracts are for a period between one day and eight years. The Group does not expect any outflow of resources in respect of the above. towards full and final settlement of its dues under the agreement.00 crores (March 31.59 crores) in respect of TCS e-Serve Limited.A. The Company has a purchase commitment towards India Innovation Fund for the uncalled amount of ` 90.26 percent stake.60 million) (March 31. in accordance with its risk management policies and procedures. A sum of ` 4. concludes that the subsidiary is in compliance with the related statutory requirements. Commitments i) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided for (net of advances) ` 1208. as an adjustment to the purchase price consideration.) provided for additional contingent consideration payable to the previous owners.000 per unit against the balance investment of 1000 units aggregating to ` 9.27) 20 51. December 31.70 9.S. in which the Company has 96. 2011. The Group has provided guarantees aggregating to ` 1978.71 (2. based on legal opinion.70 1.Notes: i) Income tax matters includes ` 236. The Group has following outstanding derivative instruments as at March 31. 2008.A.62 crores).32 crores) (GBP 252.41 crores (GBP 275.41 crores (March 31.24 million) at the end of fourth year and Phoenix has a put option to sell the shares to the Company at the same price at the end of the fifth year.

67 crores recognised in Hedging Reserve as of March 31. Although these contracts are effective as hedges from an economic perspective. the Group has outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts with notional amount aggregating ` 4649.04 12.15 (2.86 crores (March 31.73 Year ended March 31.13 crores for the year ended March 31.45 62.00 8.67 1 Figures pertaining to the subsidiary companies have been reclassified wherever necessary to bring them in line with the Group financial statements.00 1.12 0. 2011 Balance at the beginning of the year (Loss) / gain transferred to profit and loss account on occurrence of forecasted hedge transaction Net changes in the fair value of effective portion of outstanding cash flow derivatives Net derivative gains related to a discontinued cash flow hedge Amount transferred to minority interests during the year Balance at the end of the year (6.45 crores) on the outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts for the year ended March 31.82 195. 2011 (March 31. which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges. 19) 20) Increase in payables in respect of purchase of fixed assets amounting to ` 29.39) - Net gain on derivative instruments of ` 63.06 March 31.64 19. 2011. 2011 Notional Fair Value amount of (` crores) Currency Option contracts (million) Gain / (Loss) 58 349.27 1 2010 7000. Previous year’s figures have been recast / restated wherever necessary.38 (16.20. they do not qualify for hedge accounting and accordingly these are accounted as derivative instruments at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in the profit and loss account. 2010 : ` 7. as at: March 31.07) (57. Exchange gain of ` 1. 2011 have been recognised in the profit and loss account. is expected to be reclassified to the profit and loss account by March 31. 2012. of Contracts Fair Value (` crores) U. 2010 : ` 3503.82 - Foreign Currency No. of Contracts No.07) In addition to the above Cash Flow Hedges.45) (6.79) 9 54.64 21 149. for derivatives designated as Cash Flow Hedges is as follows: (` crores) Year ended March 31.38) 125.78 9055. Earnings per share (` crores) 2011 Net profit for the year Less: Preference share dividend (including dividend tax) Amount available for equity shareholders Weighted average number of shares Earnings per share basic and diluted (`) Face value per equity share (`) 21) 22) 23) 9068.61 0. 2011.02 crores) have been considered as a non cash transaction.12 crores) whose fair value showed a gain of ` 29.Annual Report 2010-11 ii) The following are outstanding currency option contracts.20.996 46. 108 . 2010 : ` 110. The movement in Hedging Reserve during the year ended March 31.996 35.82 6980.67 crores (March 31. Dollar Sterling Pound Euro 56 - (Loss) (54.44 crores as at March 31.94) 74. Previous year’s figures are in italics.26 195.05 1. 2011 (Previous year : ` 5.21 crores).S.72. 2010 (729.12 651.72. 2010 Notional amount of Currency Option contracts (million) 639.

the Balance Sheet. 2003 (“CARO”) issued by the Central Government of India in terms of Section 227(4A) of the Companies Act. of the profit of the Company for the year ended on that date. 1956. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. (e) On the basis of the written representations received from the Directors. taken on record by the Board of Directors. we report as follows: (a) (b) (c) (d) we have obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit. Further to our comments in the Annexure referred to in paragraph 3 above. 2011 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 274(1)(g) of the Companies Act. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s Management. in our opinion. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. April 21. We have audited the attached Balance Sheet of TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED (“the Company”) as at March 31. the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement of the Company for the year ended on that date annexed thereto. For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS Chartered Accountants (Registration No. VENKATRAM Partner (Membership No. 1956. and in the case of the Cash Flow Statement. in the case of the Profit and Loss Account. of the cash flows of the Company for the year ended on that date. none of the Directors is disqualified as on March 31. evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. the said accounts give the information required by the Companies Act. An audit includes examining. 2011. of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31. 2. 3. the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this report are in compliance with the Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act. in the case of the Balance Sheet. As required by the Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order. 1956. the Profit and Loss Account and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this report are in agreement with the books of account. in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India: (i) (ii) (iii) 5. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by the Management. in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us. 71387) Mumbai. in our opinion. the Balance Sheet. 4. 2011. as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in India. 1956. 2011 109 .AUDITORS’ REPORT TO THE MEMBERS OF TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES LIMITED 1. on a test basis.117366W) N. we enclose in the Annexure a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 4 and 5 of the said Order. proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books.

firms and other parties covered in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Act. 6. We have. including quantitative details and situation of fixed assets. 2. 7. (b) Where each of such transaction is in excess of ` 5 lakhs in respect of any party. secured or unsecured to companies. At the year end. (c) 4. in our opinion. To the best of our knowledge and according to the information and explanations given to us.29 crores. The Company has not taken any loans. firms or other parties listed in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Companies Act. an amount outstanding against the loans granted to three subsidiaries aggregated to ` 483. from companies. the procedures of physical verification of inventories followed by the Management were reasonable and adequate in relation to the size of the Company and the nature of its business. the inventories were physically verified during the year by the Management at reasonable intervals. Therefore. (b) (c) (d) (e) The rate of interest and other terms and conditions of such loans are. the Company has maintained proper records of its inventories and no material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification. 110 . There are no overdue amounts and hence the provisions of sub-clause (d) of clause 4(iii) of CARO are not applicable to the Company. provides for physical verification of the fixed assets at reasonable intervals. no material discrepancies were noticed on such verification.47 crores. prima facie not prejudicial to the interests of the Company. the provisions of clause 4(vi) of CARO are not applicable to the Company. In our opinion and according to the information and explanation given to us. clause (xiii) of paragraph 4 of CARO is not applicable to the Company. 9. secured or unsecured. not made a detailed examination of the records with a view to determining whether they are accurate or complete.Annual Report 2010-11 ANNEXURE TO THE AUDITORS’ REPORT (Referred to in paragraph 3 of our report of even date) 1. In our opinion. 5. In respect of contracts or arrangements entered in the Register maintained in pursuance of Section 301 of the Companies Act. (c) 3. Therefore. In respect of unsecured loans granted by the Company to companies covered in the Register under Section 301 of the Companies Act. (f) and (g) of clause 4(iii) of CARO are not applicable to the Company. Having regard to the nature of the Company’s business / activities / result for the year. 1956. the Central Government has not prescribed the maintenance of cost records for any other product or services of the Company. in our opinion. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. 1956. 1956 in respect to the manufacture of electronic products and are of the opinion that prima facie the prescribed accounts and records have been made and maintained. In respect of its inventory: (a) (b) As explained to us. do not constitute a substantial part of the fixed assets of the Company. the Company has not given any loans. We have broadly reviewed the books of account maintained by the Company pursuant to the rules made by the Central Government for the maintenance of cost records under Section 209(1)(d) of the Companies Act. to the best of our knowledge and belief and according to the information and explanations given to us: (a) The particulars of contracts or arrangements referred to Section 301 that were needed to be entered in the Register maintained under the said Section have been so entered. The receipts of principal amounts and interest have been as per stipulations. in our opinion. having regard to the explanations that some of the items purchased are of special nature and suitable alternative sources are not readily available for obtaining comparable quotations. 1956 and according to the information and explanations given to us (a) During the year. the transactions have been made at prices which are prima facie reasonable having regard to the prevailing market prices at the relevant time except in respect of certain purchases for which comparable quotations are not available and in respect of which we are unable to comment. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. the Company has not accepted deposits from the public during the year. however. the provisions of sub-clauses (e). In respect of its fixed assets: (a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars. According to the information and explanation given to us. we have not observed any major weakness in such internal control system. The fixed assets disposed off during the year. there is an adequate internal control system commensurate with the size of the Company and the nature of its business with regard to purchases of inventory and fixed assets and the sale of goods and services. (b) The fixed assets were physically verified during the year by the Management in accordance with a regular programme of verification which. 8. the Company has an internal audit system commensurate with the size and nature of its business. During the course of our audit. The maximum balance outstanding during the year was ` 519. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us.

Custom Duty. For DELOITTE HASKINS & SELLS Chartered Accountants (Registration No. Therefore. 2011 for a period of more than six months from the date they became payable. 2005 – 06. During the year covered by our report. 2005 – 06 2006 – 07 Service Tax Income Tax 2004 – 05. To the best of our knowledge and belief and according to the information and explanations given to us. the Company has not raised any money by way of public issue. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. 2003 – 04. during the year covered by our report.67 11. the Company is not dealing in shares. 1956. as at March 31. Employees’ State Insurance. Excise Duty and cess were in arrears. (c) Details of dues of Sales Tax. 13. we report that funds raised on short-term basis have not been used during the year for long. no material fraud on or by the Company has been noticed or reported during the course of our audit. 2011 on account of disputes are given below: Particulars Sales Tax Period to which the amount relates 2001 – 02. 2004 – 05. 2009 – 10 2001 – 02. 2006 – 07. 2008 – 09. 2002 – 03 2002 – 2003. Wealth Tax. 2006 – 07.23 209. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. 15. 2005 – 06.78 3.term investment. 2006 – 07 2004 – 05. including Provident Fund.96 0. the Company did not have any amount outstanding to a financial institution or a bank. 12. 2007 – 08.77 11. 2004 – 05. the Company has not granted loans and advances on the basis of security by way of pledge of shares.10. the term loans have been applied for the purpose for which they were raised. debentures and other securities. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. According to the information and explanations given to us. 2005 – 06.02 2. 71387) Mumbai. the Company has not issued any secured debentures. Income Tax. Sales Tax.77 1. 2004 – 05. 17. VENKATRAM Partner (Membership No. 2010 – 11 2002 – 03. having regard to the fact that the subsidiary is wholly owned the terms and conditions of the guarantee given by the Company for loan taken by the subsidiary from a bank are not prima facie prejudicial to the interest of the Company. 2007 – 08. the Company has not made preferential allotment of equity shares to parties and companies covered in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Companies Act. Service Tax. Sales Tax. 2007 – 08. 2009 – 10. 20. April 21. 16. (b) No undisputed amounts payable in respect of Provident Fund. 2006 – 07. Service Tax and Income Tax which have not been deposited as at March 31.03 9. Therefore the provisions of clause (xi) of paragraph 4 of CARO are not applicable.117366W) N. 2003 – 04. According to the information and explanations given to us in respect of statutory dues: (a) The Company has generally been regular in depositing undisputed dues. 2008 – 09. 2007 – 08 2006 – 07 Forum where the dispute is pending High Court Tribunal Deputy Commissioner Commissioner of Sales Tax Joint Commissioner Assistant Commissioner Additional Commissioner Commissioner of Service Tax Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) Amount (` crores) 7. 2003 – 04. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us and on an overall examination of the Balance Sheet of the Company. 2011 111 . Income Tax. securities and debentures. According to the information and explanations given to us. The Company does not have accumulated losses. Employees’ State Insurance. Investor Education and Protection Fund. 19. 18.60 7. Customs Duty. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. The Company has not incurred cash losses during the financial year covered by our audit and in the immediately preceding financial year. during the period covered by our audit. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us. 21. 2008 – 09 2001 – 02. 14. the provisions of clause 4(xiv) of CARO are not applicable to the Company. Excise Duty. Investor Education and Protection Fund. cess and other material statutory dues applicable to it with the appropriate authorities. 2005 – 06.

25 6.95 3312. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director Mumbai.18 9074.61 7239. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr.67 5604.25 3544.70 5. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary Mumbai. Cha Director Dr.55 5795.93 295.52 4110.11 10783.16 2607. April 21.37 4767.86 19689.72 19283.87 5.04 3863.49 52.25 41.70 15192.13 16.21 2110. 2011 Q For and on behalf of the Board S. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V.41 15428.39 53. 2011 112 .64 6.69 2760. April 21.18 1345.96 3332.49 35.24 7893.72 3701.62 29. Venkatram Partner Ratan N.72 14820.11 6353.Accumulated Depreciation and Amortisation (c) Net Block (d) Capital Work-in-Progress INVESTMENTS DEFERRED TAX ASSETS (NET) CURRENT ASSETS. 2011 Schedule As at March 31.90 15116.16 3385.32 19689.46 2 LOAN FUNDS (a) Secured Loans (b) Unsecured Loans DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES (NET) TOTAL FUNDS EMPLOYED APPLICATION OF FUNDS: FIXED ASSETS (a) Gross Block (b) Less :.78 646.93 4871.74 40.98 3422.12 69.49 35.77 19579.52 940. 2010 ` crores 1 SOURCES OF FUNDS: SHAREHOLDERS’ FUND (a) Share Capital (b) Reserves and Surplus A B 295.10 15192. Clayton M.37 836. Thyagarajan Director Laura M.07 2490. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof.37 4806.64 3926.Annual Report 2010-11 Balance Sheet as at March 31. Christensen Director S.46 H I J K 9 L M 10 NET CURRENT ASSETS [ (8) less (9) ] 11 TOTAL ASSETS (NET) 12 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N. 2011 ` crores As at March 31. LOANS AND ADVANCES (a) Interest Accrued on Investments (b) Inventories (c) Unbilled Revenues (d) Sundry Debtors (e) Cash and Bank Balances (f) Loans and Advances CURRENT LIABILITIES AND PROVISIONS (a) Current Liabilities (b) Provisions C D E 3 4 5 F 6 7 8 G E 6030.03 64.30 3396. Vijay Kelkar Director N.

2011 Schedule INCOME 1 2 3 Information technology and consultancy services Sale of equipment and software licenses Other income.99 10458.93 811. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director Mumbai.32 1565.996 1174.54 469. Vijay Kelkar Director N.11 17.12 1128.32 (235. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof.67 6370. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V.92 O P 10190.20.82 757.38 N 28171.Basic and diluted (`) (Refer note 29 to Schedule Q) Weighted average number of shares 12 NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q 38.00 657.73 29770.78 11.44 7569.61) 1130.20. April 21.35 16851.92 28.85 10458.32 2740. 2011 113 .73 30.15 494.43 7882.31 10321. Clayton M.13 18028.52 177.51 561.12 11 Earnings per share .01 537.14 22232.26 1104. 2011 For and on behalf of the Board S. April 21. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr.00 450. Venkatram Partner Ratan N.87 5618.71 8700.05 2011 ` crores 2010 ` crores As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N. Christensen Director S.57 20.72.43 8490. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary Mumbai.19 (112. (net) EXPENDITURE 4 5 6 7 Employee costs Operation and other expenses Interest Depreciation and amortisation PROFIT BEFORE TAXES 8 PROVISION FOR TAXES (a) Current tax (Refer note 14 to Schedule Q) (b) Deferred tax expense / (benefit) (c) MAT credit entitlement NET PROFIT FOR THE YEAR 9 Balance brought forward from previous year AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR APPROPRIATION 10 APPROPRIATIONS (a) Interim dividends on equity shares (b) Proposed final dividend on equity shares (c) Dividend on redeemable preference shares (d) Tax on dividend (e) General Reserve (f) Balance carried to Balance Sheet 1174.13 15608.72.35 9.41 15608.61 195.82 21069.60 23222.51 9990. Cha Director Dr.Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31.996 1335. Thyagarajan Director Laura M.61 195.00 14069.89) 751.43) (263.20 18028.

Annual Report 2010-11

Statement of Cash Flows for the year ended March 31, 2011
Schedule 1 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Profit before taxes Adjustments for: Depreciation and amortisation Provision for doubtful advances Provision for doubtful debts Diminution in value of long-term investments Interest expense Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) Profit from sale of long term investment Unrealised exchange (gain) / loss Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Dividend income Interest income Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) Operating Profit before working capital changes Inventories Unbilled revenues Sundry debtors Loans and advances Current liabilities and provisions Cash generated from operations Taxes paid Net cash provided by operating activities 2 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES Purchase of fixed assets (Refer note 28 to Schedule Q) Proceeds from sale of fixed assets Adjustment of purchase consideration (Refer note 16 to Schedule Q) Purchase of trade investments Proceeds from sale / transfer of trade investments Commercial Paper purchased Commercial Paper matured Purchase of mutual fund and other investments Sale of mutual funds and other investments Loans given to subsidiaries Loans repaid by subsidiaries Inter-corporate deposits placed Inter-corporate deposits matured Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months placed Fixed deposit with banks having original maturity over three months matured Dividends received from subsidiaries Dividends received from other investments Interest received Net cash used in investing activities CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Borrowings (net) Dividend paid, including dividend tax Interest paid Net cash used in financing activities Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year Exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year Deposits with original maturity over three months Restricted cash Cash and Bank balance at the end of the year as per Schedule J NOTES TO ACCOUNTS Q 2011 ` crores 8700.43 537.82 10.45 (106.41) 8.29 20.01 1.26 (31.78) (11.39) (39.27) (427.95) (73.61) 8587.85 1.41 (189.41) (1368.08) (438.95) 628.80 7221.62 (1480.34) 5741.28 (1586.06) 1.98 27.33 (57.06) (146.02) 150.00 (45598.56) 47791.63 31.94 (201.00) 256.00 (5095.00) 3172.97 33.39 5.88 349.42 (863.16) (1.24) (4584.38) (19.99) (4605.61) 272.51 293.28 11.39 577.18 5020.00 7.34 5604.52 2010 ` crores 6370.38 469.35 2.52 152.94 (4.50) 9.54 2.81 (1.15) 2.59 (14.18) (15.99) (196.69) (148.41) 6629.21 10.17 164.15 169.79 (144.51) 608.33 7437.14 (1172.40) 6264.74 (822.15) 5.88 45.67 (1200.00) 4.80 (53197.89) 52633.26 (33.88) 123.28 (224.00) 39.00 (3022.90) 985.09 11.62 4.37 91.21 (4556.64) (5.30) (1954.57) (9.78) (1969.65) (261.55) 540.65 14.18 293.28 3097.97 4.91 3396.16

3

4

As per our report attached For Deloitte Haskins & Sells Chartered Accountants N. Venkatram Partner Ratan N. Tata Chairman Aman Mehta Director Dr. Ron Sommer Director Phiroz Vandrevala Head Global Corporate Affairs and Executive Director Suprakash Mukhopadhyay Company Secretary Mumbai, April 21, 2011

For and on behalf of the Board S. Ramadorai Vice Chairman V. Thyagarajan Director Laura M. Cha Director Dr. Vijay Kelkar Director N. Chandrasekaran CEO and Managing Director Prof. Clayton M. Christensen Director S. Mahalingam Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director Ishaat Hussain Director

Mumbai, April 21, 2011

114

Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at March 31, 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘A’ SHARE CAPITAL (a) Authorised (i) 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each (March 31, 2010 : 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each) (ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each (March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each) 325.00 (b) Issued, Subscribed and Paid up (i) 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each (March 31, 2010 : 195,72,20,996 equity shares of ` 1 each) (ii) 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each (March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of ` 1 each) 295.72 Notes: 1. 2. Equity shares of ` 10 each have been sub-divided into ten equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to the resolution passed by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting on May 5, 2004. The Company allotted 9,11,00,009 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalisation of profits transferred from General Reserve, pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on May 5, 2004. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 120,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed at the Annual General Meeting on June 29, 2006. The Company allotted 48,93,05,249 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on July 31, 2006 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account. 91,90,440 equity shares of ` 1 each, had been allotted in 2005-06 as fully paid up to the shareholders of erstwhile Tata Infotech Limited pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to ` 220.00 crores by creation of 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on March 17, 2008. Effective March 28, 2008, the Issued, Subscribed and Paid up capital increased to ` 197.86 crores by allotment of 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares of face value of ` 1 each. These shares would be redeemable at par at the end of six years from the date of allotment but may be redeemed at any time after 3 years from the date of allotment at the option of shareholder. These shares would carry a fixed cumulative dividend of 1% per annum and a variable non-cumulative dividend of 1% of the difference between the rate of dividend declared during the year on the equity shares of the Company and the average rate of dividend declared on the equity shares of the Company for three years preceding the year of issue of the redeemable preference shares. The Authorised Equity Share Capital was increased to 225,00,00,000 equity shares of ` 1 each pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on June 12, 2009. The Company allotted 97,86,10,498 equity shares as fully paid up bonus shares on June 18, 2009 by utilisation of Securities Premium Account pursuant to a shareholders’ resolution passed by postal ballot on June 12, 2009. 295.72 100.00 100.00 195.72 195.72 325.00 100.00 100.00 225.00 225.00 As at March 31, 2010 ` crores

3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

8. 9.

10. 144,34,04,398 equity shares (March 31, 2010 : 144,34,04,398 equity shares) and 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares (March 31, 2010 : 100,00,00,000 redeemable preference shares) are held by Tata Sons Limited, the holding company.

115

Annual Report 2010-11

Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
As at March 31, 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘B’ RESERVES AND SURPLUS (a) Securities Premium Account (i) Opening balance (ii) Transferred to Share Capital Account consequent to issue of bonus shares (b) General Reserve (i) Opening balance (ii) Transferred from Profit and Loss Account 2426.14 757.00 3183.14 (c) Balance in Profit and Loss Account (i) Opening balance 14069.20 94.98 6.63 101.61 (e) Hedging Reserve Account (Refer note 26 to Schedule Q) (i) Opening balance (76.82) 88.17 11.35 19283.77 (721.86) 645.04 (76.82) 14820.90 (ii) Additions during the year (net) 1864.29 561.85 2426.14 10458.13 99.22 (4.24) 94.98 1918.47 1918.47 2016.33 (97.86) 1918.47 As at March 31, 2010 ` crores

(d) Foreign Currency Translation Reserve (ii) Addition during the year (net)

As at March 31, 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘C’ SECURED LOANS From Others (i.e entities other than banks and financial institutions) Obligation under finance lease (Refer note 7 to Schedule Q) 35.87 35.87 Note: Obligations under finance lease are secured against fixed assets obtained under finance lease arrangements.

As at March 31, 2010 ` crores

29.25 29.25

116

50 52.10 (iii) Others (iii) Provision for doubtful debts (iv) Others 117 .61 53. 2010 ` crores As at As at March 31.97 2.Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31. 2010 : ` 1.49 5.15 1.25 crores) 6.25 crores (March 31.25 Note: Loans (other than short term) repayable within one year ` 1.11) 40.34 18.00 63.78) 34.32 (b) Deferred Tax Assets (net) (i) (ii) Depreciation and amortisation Employee benefits (31.25 6.82) 36.13 43. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘D’ UNSECURED LOANS Others From entities other than banks 5.32 7.85 69. 2010 ` crores ` crores SCHEDULE ‘E’ DEFERRED TAX BALANCES (a) Deferred Tax Liabilities (net) (i) (ii) Foreign branch profit tax Depreciation and amortisation 60.06 31.03 (64. 2011 March 31.49 As at March 31.25 18.24 (6.

35) (10.17) (2607.22) (0.95 81.17) (537.46 1358.61) (10. 2010 : ` 25.95 92.35 0.94) 10.43) (1.83) (6.62) (64. Adjustments as at 2010 March 31.74 10.71) INTANGIBLE ASSETS (0.93 Net book value as at March 31.45) 6030.21 9.73 crores)) Grand Total Notes: 1.52 1345.64 68.03 682.39 crores (March 31.04 252. 3. 2011 Accumulated Depreciation / Deletions / Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation Adjustments Depreciation / Amortisation for the year Amortisation as at April 1.57 56.64 (2.22 1.71 0.49) (59.14) (10.29 (31.52 940.00 59.48 1328.17 0.53 48.55 2760.88) (202.02 490.16 4871.34) (0.24 1202.11 (0.48 255.31 8.02) (282.51 9.54 (4.00 85.84) (0. 2011 (9.44 3.32) (2.16) 1.71 4871.71) (1062.23) 315.98) (2110.68 2. 2010 Annual Report 2010-11 Description (a) 315.41 0.81 487.82 (11.69) (1690.95 64.97) (53.69 321.06) (2.72 crores) is under finance lease.35 0.64 TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS FREEHOLD LAND LEASEHOLD LAND FREEHOLD BUILDINGS FACTORY BUILDINGS LEASEHOLD BUILDINGS LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS 315.21 59.63 (12.45 18.88 1526.97 40.95 55.50 277. (March 31.73 2.34) 30.12 235.89 395.52) (136.57 1.02 2.17 464.16) (271.21) (179.77) (59.64 371. as at March 2010 31.82) (469.42 (43.38) 456.88 0.83) (252.83) (253. Legal formalities relating to conveyance of freehold building having net book value ` 0.67 crores (March 31.81 393.50 1610.80) (1.21 4359.05 339.25 crore) are pending completion.06 1139.90 1984.83) 0.41 6.28) 2.61) (193.69) 1.57) 18.39 0.06) (0. 2010 : ` 2. 2.118 Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet SCHEDULE ‘F’ FIXED ASSETS (` crores) Gross Block Additions Deletions / Gross Block as at April 1.90 115.93 191.01) (2.77) (5.81 PLANT AND MACHINERY COMPUTER EQUIPMENT MOTOR CARS OFFICE EQUIPMENT ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS FURNITURE AND FIXTURES (b) 12. 2010 : ` 219.35) 1.72 3701.89 (1.80 28.72 571.24 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY / DISTRIBUTION RIGHTS RIGHTS UNDER LICENSING AGREEMENT Total Previous year Capital Work-in-Progress (including Capital Advances ` 272. Freehold buildings include ` 2.66 532.87) (1302.95 (11.40 (0.37 4767.00 (2110.18 2760.83 3422.29 1.64) 315.40) (218.51 crores. Net book value of leasehold improvements of ` 30.39 36.30) (284. 2010 : ` 0.52) (38.87 (10.23 crore (March 31.72 647.05) (0. 2011 Net book value as at March 31.98 234.67 crores) being value of investment in shares of Co-operative Housing Societies and Limited Companies.97) 12.19 7.27 0. .19) (43.07) (248.59 0.30 98.

36.75. 10% Cumulative redeemable preference shares APOnline Limited 6% Redeemable preference shares 363.69 38.52 3.60.89 - (c) 4.00.89 31.000 8.04 6.48.000 INR Peso INR EUR EUR SEK EUR USD SGD INR AUD GBP USD INR INR RAND INR INR 10 (b) 1 10 325 1000 100 10 1 10 1 1 0.000 Dirhams 18.23 1.500 10.20 36.961 88.000 GBP USD INR 1 6.100 51.300 1.87 18.820 10. WTI Advanced Technology Limited TCS FNS Pty Limited Diligenta Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.000 119.25 5.10 0.69 38.000 INR 10 1.00.72 452.00.76.89 379.38 199.89.17 4.02 2.00.89 8.99.000 7.000 75. TCS e-Serve Limited (Refer note 16 to Schedule Q) Retail FullServe Limited (Refer note 2 to Schedule Q) (formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited) (50.23 1.001 1.33.10 0.89 1.02 2.82.000 20.25 5.000 1. C-Edge Technologies Limited MP Online Limited Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Consultancy Services (Africa) (PTY) Ltd.72 452.Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at As at March 31.300 66.89 14.38 199.44.92 18.80 165.06 402.92 2426.960 28.89 31.04 6.90.400 15.000 shares subscribed during the year) * MahaOnline Limited (Refer note 2 to Schedule Q) (18.17 4.313 50.25 10 10 10 1 10 10 * Description TRADE INVESTMENTS (at cost) Subsidiary Companies Fully Paid Equity Shares (Quoted) CMC Limited Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted) TCS Iberoamerica SA APOnline Limited Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH Tata America International Corporation Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.52 3.87 18.20.92 2453. 2011 March 31.17 165.41. 2010 ` crores ` crores SCHEDULE ‘G’ INVESTMENTS In Numbers Currency Face Value Per share (A) (i) (a) 77.06 402.000 shares subscribed during the year) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted) Diligenta Limited 10% Cumulative redeemable preference shares Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.80 363.92 18.89 1.89.53 379.89 8.00.25 10 119 .000 84.000 1.

* 3.90. Investments.49 1000.50% 8.00 5803.76 383. ** 4.00.000 INR 10 (B) (i) 15 180 10 5 INR INR INR INR 1000000 100000 100000 500000 (ii) 69 EUR 297 5.) (69 shares subscribed during the year) Fully Paid Preference Shares (Unquoted) Tata AutoComp Systems Limited 8% Cumulative redeemable preference shares OTHERS Bonds (Quoted) 10% Housing Urban Development Corporation Limited Bonds (2014) 8% IDBI Bonds (2013) 8% IDBI Bonds (2018) 10% Housing Urban Development Corporation Limited Bonds (2012) Bonds (Unquoted) 2.25 1.39 7893.000 1.00 2123.78 (8. Equity investments in these companies are subject to certain restrictions on transfer.46 7893. Yield to maturity : Tata Sons Limited Panatone Finvest Limited 8.Burdaras Investment Bank hf.Burdaras Investment Bank hf.50% 8.50 1.00.25 10.00 - 2.000 INR INR 1000000 1000000 0% ALMC HF (2014) (formerly Straumur .75% 8. 2010 ` crores ` crores SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.80 0.00 200. other than in mutual funds are long-term.000 69 USD INR INR EUR 0.10 0.90. Market value of quoted investments Book value of quoted investments Book value of unquoted investments (net of provision) 2.75% 1615.80 0.865 25.00 4.75% Non-convertible debentures (2013) ***(iv) Investment in Mutual and other Funds (Unquoted) Provision for diminution in value of investments 0. Inc.39 Notes: 1.50 19.00 200.) (69 bonds subscribed during the year) (iii) Debentures (Unquoted) ** Tata Sons Limited 4. as per the terms of individual contractual agreements (Refer note 3 to Schedule Q). 2011 March 31.000 2.50% Non-convertible debentures (2014) ** Panatone Finvest Limited 4.29) 5795.85 120 .50 - (b) 50.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at As at March 31.00 5.50 1.63.54 5411.00 1. National Power Exchange Limited Taj Air Limited (1.12 - 1000.000 shares subscribed during the year) ALMC HF (formerly Straumur .) In Numbers Currency Face Value Per share (ii) (a) 4.001 10 10 297 Description Others Fully Paid Equity Shares (Unquoted) Yodlee.72 383.00.54 7509.10 0.00.95 1041.

14 - - 25850127 30.2011 No.Growth HDFC Floating Rate Income Fund .Daily Dividend.Growth Birla Sun Life Interval Income Fund .Reinvestment Birla Cash Plus Institutional Premium .Daily Dividend Reinvestment Birla Sun Life Cash Plus Institutional Premium .56 - 644055509 25000000 1142.Daily Dividend Reinvestment Birla Sun Life Short Term Fund Institutional Daily Dividend Birla Sun Life Cash Manager .00 869.37 - - 25000000 25.Growth Birla Sun Life Interval Income Fund .00 869. of units ` crores - Name of Mutual Fund 306815055 - 306.08 Sold during the year No.Long Term .32 - - - - 2680609180 183294052 4054.38 2680609180 183294052 4054.07 722152372 86276492 102071544 19680517 463731425 99793527 794.Institutional .Long Term .Institutional Weekly Dividend Birla Sun Life Savings Fund Institutional .Growth HDFC Quarterly Interval Fund Plan C .12 172.37 100330383 100.Institutional .Daily Dividend .93 20.08 Balance As at 31.02 525.IP .) *** 5.58 164.12 - - - - 74197701 150.87 40.05 722152372 86276492 102071544 19680517 463731425 24984202 794. of units 149978795 ` crores 150.02 525.00 Purchases during the year No.73 25. Option : Reinvestment HDFC Cash Management Fund .Premium Plan .80 200. of units 50046749 ` crores 50.Quarterly Series 2-Growth Birla Sun Life Short Term Fund Institutional Growth HDFC Cash Management Fund Savings Plan .2010 No.Floating Rate Fund .Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.Institutional .20 574598646 - 906.Growth 99932046 ` crores 100.Treasury Advantage Plan Wholesale .Institutional . Investment in Mutual Funds Balance As at 01.93 20.56 25.38 - - - - 100330383 100.12 172.58 164.12 74197701 150.03.Growth HDFC Cash Management Fund .17 - 574598646 25850127 906. of units Birla Sun Life Savings Fund .Growth Birla Sun Life .12 - - 121 .32 353661600 40011227 524295486 353.Floating Rate Fund .Growth Birla Sun Life .80 200.Quarterly Series 1-Growth Birla Sun Life Cash Manager Institutional Plan .98 - 46846545 40011227 524295486 46.Treasury Advantage Plan Wholesale .85 40.04.17 30.Wholesale Growth HDFC Liquid Fund .20 - - 74809325 75.73 100.14 644055509 - 1142.

Annual Report 2010-11

Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.) *** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund Balance As at 01.04.2010 No. of units HDFC Debt Fund for Cancer Cure - 50% Dividend Donation Option, Option : Payout ICICI Prudential Ultra Short Term Plan Super Premium Daily Dividend ICICI Prudential Flexible Income Plan Premium - Daily Dividend ICICI Prudential Flexible Income Plan Premium - Growth ICICI Prudential Institutional Liquid Plan - Super Institutional Growth ICICI Prudential Ultra Short Term Plan Super Premium Growth ICICI Prudential Liquid Super Institutional Plan - Daily Dividend ICICI Prudential Floating Rate Plan D - Daily Dividend ICICI Prudential Floating Rate Plan D - Growth IDFC Cash Fund - Super Institutional Plan C - Growth IDFC Cash Fund - Super Institutional Plan C - Daily Dividend IDFC Money Manager Fund Investment Plan - Institutional Plan B - Growth IDFC Savings Advantage Fund Plan A - Growth IDFC Savings Advantage Fund Plan A - Daily Dividend IDFC Money Manager Fund Investment Plan - Institutional Plan B - Daily Dividend IDFC Money Manager Fund - TP Super Institutional Plan C - Daily Dividend IDFC Money Manager Fund Treasury Plan- Super Institutional Plan C - Growth India Innovation Fund ` crores Purchases during the year No. of units 3002074 ` crores 3.00 Sold during the year No. of units 74 ` crores Balance As at 31.03.2011 No. of units 3002000 ` crores 3.00

306058873

306.70

237454387

237.95

543513260

544.65

-

-

21790304 -

230.40 -

4747288 60647723 219853475

50.20 1052.26 3074.31

26537592 60647723 219853475

280.60 1052.26 3074.31

-

-

-

-

936597477 55044375

974.71 550.57

936597477 55044375

974.71 550.57

-

-

-

-

13791515 62852039 1791711171 222070680

137.95 876.61 2055.53 222.13

13791515 62852039 1791711171 222070680

137.95 876.61 2055.53 222.13

-

-

-

-

368176577

529.33

368176577

529.33

-

-

202363989

202.67

615921 404313 120131

80.44 40.44 0.12

615921 404313 202484120

80.44 40.44 202.79

-

-

130906238

130.93

357616402

357.67

488522640

488.60

-

-

-

-

622454281

695.44

622454281

695.44

-

-

1000

1.00

-

-

-

-

1000

1.00

122

Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.) *** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Name of Mutual Fund Balance As at 01.04.2010 No. of units Kotak Flexi Debt Scheme Institutional - Daily Dividend Kotak Floater Long Term Growth Kotak Quarterly Interval Plan Series 6 - Growth Kotak Flexi Debt Scheme Institutional - Growth Kotak Floater Long Term - Daily Dividend Kotak Liquid (Institutional Premium) - Daily Dividend Kotak Liquid (Institutional Premium) - Growth SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super Institutional- Growth SBI-SHF- Ultra Short Term Fund Institutional Plan - Growth SBI Magnum Insta Cash Fund Daily Dividend Option SBI Magnum Insta Cash Fund Cash Option SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super Institutional - Daily Dividend SBI-SHF-Ultra Short Term Fund - Institutional Plan - Daily Dividend SBI Premier Liquid Fund - Super Institutional - Growth Tata Floater Fund - Daily Dividend TATA Treasury Manager SHIP Daily Dividend TATA Floater Fund - Growth TATA Fixed Income Portfolio Fund Scheme C3 Institutional Growth TATA Fixed Income Portfolio Fund Scheme A3 TATA Fixed Income Portfolio Fund Scheme A2 Institutional Growth TATA Liquid Super High Investment Fund - Appreciation 229638806 21812183 42219208 ` crores 230.73 25.18 50.64 Purchases during the year No. of units 146457 667384771 960458889 108468133 291540939 2168540917 1484871042 1774896911 182603837 178880600 193705609 359671882 ` crores 0.15 991.80 1096.58 109.33 356.50 4146.17 2180.06 2166.95 305.87 376.52 194.34 359.89 Sold during the year No. of units 229785263 667384771 21812183 960458889 108468133 291540939 2168540917 1484871042 1817116119 182603837 178880600 193705609 359671882 ` crores 230.88 991.80 25.18 1096.58 109.33 356.50 4146.17 2180.06 2217.59 305.87 376.52 194.34 359.89 Balance As at 31.03.2011 No. of units ` crores -

259924443 401006 10000000

260.85 40.51 10.03

396835741 855708498 281 1593161509 -

593.27 858.75 0.03 2240.25 -

396835741 1115632941 401287 1593161509 10000000

593.27 1119.60 40.54 2240.25 10.03

-

-

-

-

49183069 78714515

50.00 80.00

49183069 78714515

50.00 80.00

-

-

37802

6.42

22067482

3853.31

22105284

3859.73

-

-

123

Annual Report 2010-11

Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet
SCHEDULE ‘G’ (Contd.) *** 5. Investment in Mutual Funds
Balance As at 01.04.2010 No. of units Tata Liquid Super High Investment Fund - Daily Dividend UTI - Liquid Cash Plan Regular Growth Option UTI - Treasury Advantage Fund Institutional Plan (Daily Dividend Option) - Re-investment UTI - Treasury Advantage Fund - Institutional Plan (Growth Option) UTI - Money Market Mutual Fund - Institutional Growth Plan UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund Series II - Quarterly Interval Plan IV Institutional Growth Plan UTI - Floating Rate Fund - Short Term Plan - Institutional Growth Option UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund - Monthly Interval Plan Series I Institutional Growth Plan UTI Fixed Income Interval Fund Series II - Quarterly Interval Plan V - Institutional Growth Plan UTI Liquid Cash Plan Institutional - Daily Income Option Re-Investment UTI Liquid Cash Plan Institutional - Growth Option Total ` crores Purchases during the year No. of units 4234877 ` crores 471.99 Sold during the year No. of units 4234877 ` crores 471.99 Balance As at 31.03.2011 No. of units ` crores -

Name of Mutual Fund

499964

50.00

322 2276653

0.05 227.72

322 2776617

0.05 277.72

-

-

-

-

8028866

1015.77

8028866

1015.77

-

-

-

-

19675686 39340651

2073.82 40.00

19675686 39340651

2073.82 40.00

-

-

-

-

6578918

689.94

6578918

689.94

-

-

33267419

40.03

-

-

33267419

40.03

-

-

-

-

39344133

40.00

39344133

40.00

-

-

-

-

5002533

509.98

5002533

509.98

-

-

-

2123.46

2359562

367.74 45598.56

2359562

367.74 47718.02

-

4.00

124

2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘H’ INVENTORIES (at lower of cost and net realisable value) (a) (b) (c) Raw materials.30 Others Due from companies under same management Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Elxsi Limited Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited Tata Sky Limited Tata Internet Services Limited Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited * VIOM Networks Limited (formerly Wireless .10 151.58 0.88 6.78 2638.03 0.80 5.30 1.17 0.25 7.66 254.01 0.81 8.37 0.34 (258.55 1.66 0.37 4.98 1.64 3.37 1.90 0. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘I’ SUNDRY DEBTORS (Unsecured) (a) Over six months (i) (ii) (b) (i) (ii) Considered good Considered doubtful Considered good Considered doubtful 1029.34 0.16 0.14 0. 2010 ` crores 693.26 3590.81 0.60 - * Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited is not a company under the same management as at March 31.18 0.04) 3332.63) 4806.30 Less : Provision for doubtful debts (151.94 0.18 3777.16 7.02 1.03 0.44 4958.20 52.65 1.67 As at March 31.67 6.60 6.02 0.10 1.78 As at March 31.68 0.TT Info Services Limited) Infiniti Retail Limited Computational Research Laboratories Limited Tata Securities Limited Tata Capital Limited Tata Advanced Systems Limited e-Nxt Financials Ltd Tata Business Support Services Limited Tata International Limited Tata Realty and Infrastructure Ltd 79.39 0. sub-assemblies and components Goods-in-transit Finished goods and Work-in-progress 4. 2011 125 . 2010 ` crores As at March 31.Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31.85 13.43 0.

Finland Bank of America.10 45. South Africa Bank of America. Botswana Saudi British Bank.33 5. The above does not include fourteen bank accounts having a balance of ` Nil (March 31.94 0.A.72 11..A. Iceland ** Citibank N.A.43 25.77 6.07 28.A.79 0. Israel Standard Chartered Bank.67 1.16 0. Netherlands Citibank N.34 0. Canada HSBC Bank plc.58 0..43 0.12 0. UK As at March 31. 2010 ` crores 0.76 0. Kuwait Citibank N.82 0. Hongkong Citibank N. Iceland Notes: 1..36 0. Dubai Standard Chartered Bank.86 50..76 52. Finland Citibank International plc.17 85.20 0..72 83.40 0.06 1.03 crore (March 31.51 3. USA Citibank N.81 1.88 0.30 1. Ireland Nedbank.04 4.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31. Hungary (2) In deposit accounts Nedbank. Poland * Arion Bank.11 0.12 1.80 0. Taiwan Standard Chartered Bank. UK Citibank N..40 2. Hungary Bank of America N.75 3396. UK K & H Bank..47 1. 2010: ` Nil) operated by the Company for the benefit of a third party.01 0.37 0.65 0.90 0.50 3098.58 1. South Africa ASB Bank.16 * formerly ABN AMRO Bank ** formerly Kaupthing Bank. New Zealand Bank of America N.75 0. Malaysia * Bank of America N.25 5604.A.60 1. Bahrain Standard Chartered Bank.23 0. Norway The Royal Bank of Scotland.49 10.. USA Nordea Bank.26 0.26 13.07 0. South Africa Citibank N. Saudi Arabia DNB Bank.08 0.75 3. Australia Credit Suisse. Switzerland Nordea Bank.A.33 5.62 5.86 2.03 crore)) (2) In deposit accounts (ii) with Foreign Banks (1) In current accounts The Royal Bank of Scotland.A.56 0..13 0. Denmark HSBC Bank plc.82 0.A.08 5329. 2010 : ` 0.08 0.A.50 30. Ireland National Bank of Kuwait.81 1.47 29.19 2.10 4.52 19..57 7.06 7. 126 . 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘J’ CASH AND BANK BALANCES (a) Cash on hand (b) Cheques on hand (c) Remittances in transit (d) Bank Balances (i) with Scheduled Banks (1) In current accounts (including Equity share application monies of ` 0.A.

37 2.Foreign Banks (i) In current accounts The Royal Bank of Scotland.) CASH AND BANK BALANCES 2.68 5. Kuwait Citibank N..A.99 8.58 13. South Africa ASB Bank.65 7. Canada HSBC Bank plc.80 1.07 245.24 102.25 0. Malaysia * Bank of America N.83 1.02 85. USA Nordea Bank.37 0.10 362.86 6.85 50..28 0.49 3.07 177.67 171. Netherlands Citibank N. Dubai Standard Chartered Bank.75 As at March 31. New Zealand Bank of America N. Bahrain Standard Chartered Bank.15 0..25 26.. Maximum balance outstanding . South Africa Bank of America.A.05 5. Finland Bank of America. Botswana Saudi British Bank....67 85.50 5. Taiwan Standard Chartered Bank.77 0. 2010 ` crores (ii) 127 . Iceland 116.A. UK * formerly ABN AMRO Bank ** formerly Kaupthing Bank. Ireland National Bank of Kuwait.51 112.82 9. Finland Citibank International plc.A.98 33.88 0.A.06 7.92 7.13 0.61 7.A. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘J’ (Contd.A.79 26.60 20. Poland * Arion Bank. Switzerland Nordea Bank. Denmark HSBC Bank plc.09 25.30 6..20 6. Israel Standard Chartered Bank.47 5.09 9. UK K & H Bank.15 6.95 16.35 74.13 364..Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31.29 4. Ireland Nedbank. Saudi Arabia DNB Bank.34 75. Hungary In deposit accounts Nedbank. Hungary Bank of America N.82 5.A.78 0.75 50.99 9. USA Citibank N.20 2. South Africa Citibank N. Norway The Royal Bank of Scotland.34 12..63 3. Australia Credit Suisse.76 1.A.16 55.80 6. Hongkong Citibank N. Iceland ** Citibank N.A.57 15. UK Citibank N.62 9.

89 285.19 52. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘K’ LOANS AND ADVANCES (Unsecured) (a) Considered good (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Loans and advances to employees Loans and advances to subsidiary companies Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received Advance tax (including refunds receivable) (net) MAT credit entitlement 141.12 0.12 0.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31.01 1.29 1968.57 Less: Provision for doubtful loans and advances (37.12 (27.38 0. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include Inter-corporate deposits.08 490.01 1.41 (b) Considered doubtful (i) (ii) (ii) Loans and advances to employees Loans and advances to subsidiary companies Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received 26.71 5.99 0.11 As at March 31.57) 4110.50 4110.11 133.88 1538.80 5.50 1039.03 3385.03 21. 214.00 219.29 5.66 5. Advances recoverable in cash or kind or for value to be received include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts.09 37.62 183.05 4.19 0.19 6.89 1007.33 230.99 265.41 Notes: 1.00 4. Due from companies under same management: Tata Teleservices Limited Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited Infiniti Retail Limited Maximum balance outstanding during the year: Tata Teleservices Limited Tata AIG General Insurance Company Limited Infiniti Retail Limited 2.86 513. 4.23 10.39 263.12) 3385. Loans and advances to subsidiary companies: TCS FNS Pty Limited TCS Iberoamerica SA Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU MahaOnline Limited 3.87 478.32 27. 2010 ` crores 128 .38 3.

87 1565. 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘L’ CURRENT LIABILITIES (a) Sundry Creditors (i) (ii) (iii) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Dues of micro and small enterprises (Refer note 18 to Schedule Q) Dues of subsidiary companies Dues of other creditors 7.75 0.03 4.00 457.15 0. 2010 ` crores Advances from customers Advance billings and deferred revenues Equity share application monies refundable Investor Education and Protection Fund .58 2490.05 2028.12 3863.64 As at March 31.11 263.88 278.13 412.73 2444.07 Note: Other liabilities include fair values of foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts.78 11.31 317.67 116. 54.37 0.01 110.61 129 .Unpaid dividends (not due) Other liabilities Interest accrued but not due As at March 31.45 448.00 2740.69 121.20 3312.34 0.90 0.11 17.13 3926.31 492. 2011 ` crores As at March 31.37 557.92 0.79 0.Schedules forming part of the Balance Sheet As at March 31.26 398.00 255. 2010 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘M’ PROVISIONS (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Current income taxes (net) Employee benefits Proposed final dividend on equity shares Proposed dividend on redeemable preference shares Tax on dividend Provision for warranties 182.03 7.09 474.

73 Notes: 1.11 145.99 148.50 232.06 2010 ` crores 6852.02 15.58 560.43 Gratuity fund contributions Social security and other plans for overseas employees Staff welfare expenses 130 .78 73.11 11.35 4.12 crores)) Dividend income Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) Rent Loss on sale of fixed assets (net) Profit on sale of long-term investment Exchange loss (net) Miscellaneous income 39.60 427. Dividend income includes: Dividend from subsidiaries (trade investments) Dividends from other long-term investments (trade investments) Dividends from mutual funds (other investments) 2.31 8884.39 0.15 126.39 710.32) (211.62 58.77 5.81) 1.27 73.42) 21.86 494.44 (2.Annual Report 2010-11 Schedules forming part of the Profit and Loss Account 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘N’ OTHER INCOME (NET) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) Interest (Tax deducted at source ` 41.56 7882.34 (1.23 10190.15 (205. Exchange loss (net) includes: Loss on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges.41 2. (Refer note 26 to Schedule Q) (89.02 52.62 0.61 1.95 196.15 177.26) (53.48) 33.04) 6.02 crores (Previous year : ` 14.69 2010 ` crores 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘O’ EMPLOYEE COSTS (a) (b) Salaries and incentives Contributions to (i) (ii) (c) (d) (e) Provident Fund Superannuation scheme 285.74 91.

90 93.71 23.32 302.00 19.04 0.76 141.22 4533.11 1.17 16.44 10321.58 4.75 477. Other expenses includes: Stores and spare parts consumed 0.76 4225.80 0.87 18.75 14.45 0. sub-assemblies and components consumed Opening Stock: Finished goods and work-in-progress Less: Closing Stock: Finished goods and work-in-progress 0.71 270.35 2010 ` crores 131 .78 366.73 8490.02 888.93 344.63 61.41 200.67 3.73 74.79 (4.Schedules forming part of the Profit and Loss Account 2011 ` crores SCHEDULE ‘P’ OPERATION AND OTHER EXPENSES (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) (o) (p) (q) (r) (s) (t) (u) (v) Overseas business expenses Services rendered by business associates and others Software.02 284.02 1.25 40.04 (106.19 281.70 79.00 15.10 180.94 2.47 240.64 122. Overseas business expenses includes: Travel expenses Employee allowances 2.49 7.05 17.57 295.73 18.22 186.50) 7.02 165. Software. Repairs and maintenance pertains to: Buildings Office and computer equipment 3.52 0.41) 10.38 25.84 8. hardware and material costs Cost of software licences Communication expenses Travelling and conveyance expenses Rent Legal and professional fees Repairs and maintenance Electricity expenses Bad debts (Write back of provision) / provision for doubtful debts Provision for doubtful advances Advances written-off Recruitment and training expenses Diminution in value of long-term investments (net) Commission and brokerage Printing and stationery Insurance Rates and taxes Entertainment Other expenses 4979.33 152.84 105.29 15.81 42.17 395.30 992.00 503.31 78.29 194.45 9. hardware and material costs includes: Material Costs (a) (b) (c) Raw Materials.67 1.94 1735.27 16.72 1043.75 3900.57 Notes: 1.

on the following basis: Leasehold Land and Buildings Freehold Buildings Factory Buildings Leasehold Improvements Plant and Machinery Computer Equipment Motor Cars Office Equipment Electrical Installations Furniture and Fixtures Intellectual Property / Distribution Rights Rights under Licensing agreement Straight line Written down value Straight line Straight line Straight line Straight line Written down value Written down value Written down value Straight line Straight line Straight line Lease period 5% 10% Lease period 33.000 or less which are not capitalised except when they are part of a larger capital investment programme. c) Fixed Assets Fixed assets are stated at cost. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis. where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Recoverable amount 132 . Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor. 1956. If any such indication exists.33% 25% 25. d) Depreciation / Amortisation Depreciation / amortisation other than on freehold land and capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the cost of assets. Such a lease is capitalised at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount.Annual Report 2010-11 SCHEDULE ‘Q’ NOTES TO ACCOUNTS 1) Significant Accounting Policies a) Basis of Preparation The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and the requirements of the Companies Act. are recognised as operating leases.91% 100% 24 – 60 months License period Fixed assets purchased for specific projects are depreciated over the period of the project. the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment. b) Use of estimates The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.91% 13. Example of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts. Fixed assets exclude computers and other assets individually costing ` 50. f) Impairment At each balance sheet date. less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. provision for income taxes. accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete.89% 13. employee benefits. e) Leases Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee. the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. In assessing value in use. ii) Short-term employee benefits The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the profit and loss account. and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. iii) Long-term employee benefits Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date. determined on a portfolio basis. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme. h) Employee benefits (Refer note 4) i) Post-employment benefit plans Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method. g) Investments Long-term investments are stated at cost. fixed price and unit priced contracts. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave. which is when title passes to the customer. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Revenue on time and material and unit priced contracts is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenues from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. 133 . The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost. Revenues from the sale of equipment are recognised upon delivery. Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. For defined benefit schemes. with contract costs determining the degree of completion. are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method. which are generally time bound fixed price contracts. Revenues from Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services are recognised on time and material. overseas social security contributions and performance incentives. with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Revenues from turnkey contracts. i) Revenue recognition Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised as per the proportionate completion method with contract cost determining the degree of completion.is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and value in use. the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In case of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract.

Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled. In most instances. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act. The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably. Accordingly. In other situations. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. and generally most software development costs have been expensed. 134 . Therefore. Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise such assets. Development costs of marketable computer software are capitalised when a product’s technological feasibility has been established until the time the product is available for general release to customers. 1961. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses.Annual Report 2010-11 Dividends are recorded when the right to receive payment is established. which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability. l) Foreign currency transactions Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid and income tax provisions arising in the same tax jurisdiction and the Company intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis. is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. in substance. j) Research and Development Expenditure on research and development activities is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred. deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise these assets. costs incurred subsequent to achievement of technological feasibility are usually not significant. Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws. are stated at fair values and any gains or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts outstanding at the balance sheet date. Premium or discount on forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in the profit and loss account over the period of the contract. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item that. forms part of an enterprise’s net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve. k) Taxation Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. the Company’s products are released soon after technological feasibility has been established. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with depreciation rates set out in note 1(d). other than designated cash flow hedges.

Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in the profit and loss account as they arise. or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold. On September 23. Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA. 2010. any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in shareholders’ funds is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs. Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value. Syscrom S. and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company’s risk management strategy. 2010. b) c) d) e) f) 135 . 2010. or exercised. in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Finished goods produced or purchased by the Company are carried at lower of cost and net realisable value. through its subsidiary. the Company. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur. 2010. At that time for forecasted transactions.A. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost. the Company subscribed to 74% of the equity share capital of MahaOnline Limited. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised directly in shareholders’ funds and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.e. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. National Power Exchange Limited ceased to be an associate of the Company w. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost.f. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada. 2010. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders’ funds is transferred to the profit and loss account for the period. On August 31. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company’s policies approved by the Board of Directors. p) Cash and cash equivalents The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments. On July 31.m) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. to be cash equivalents. Cost includes direct material and labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads. which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada. sub-assemblies and components are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Tata Consultancy Services Chile SA has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA. Work-in-progress is carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. terminated. less provision for obsolescence. 2) Acquisitions / Divestments a) On June 30. o) Provisions. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada. has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile SA. The Company designates these hedging instruments as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Indian Accounting Standard 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement” (Ind AS 39). On June 30. September 4. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. 2010. acquired 100% equity interest in Diligenta 2 Limited (formerly Unisys Insurance Services Limited). n) Inventories Raw materials.

b) Defined benefit plan The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees’ Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company has contributed ` 60. not to transfer its controlling interest in TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited. The merged entity is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Consultancy Services Limited. payable for each completed year of service or part thereof in excess of six months. On January 27.63%. Under the schemes. three-fourth month’s salary for service of 15 years to 19 years and one month salary for service of 20 years and more. 2010. for which shortfall has been provided for as at the Balance Sheet date. The Provident Fund scheme additionally requires the Company to guarantee payment of interest at rates notified by the Central Government from time to time. 4) 136 . On October 15. the Company. a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service.40 crores) towards foreign defined contribution plans. On December 1. through its subsidiary. Consequently. 2010 : ` 52. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement. Exegenix Research Inc. On October 8. subscribed to 100% share capital of CMC eBiz Inc. acquired 100% equity share holding of MS CJV Investments Corporation.78 crores (March 31.94% to 74. The contributions payable to these plans by the Company are at rates specified in the rules of the schemes.74 crores (March 31. have merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. Ltd. The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current service cost were measured using the Projected Unit Credit Method.91 crores (March 31. h) i) j) k) 3) The Company has given undertakings to (a) Bank of China Co.62 crores) for superannuation contributions in the profit and loss account. a wholly owned subsidiary of TCS FNS Pty Limited and (b) the Government of Maharashtra not to divest its shareholding in MahaOnline Limited except to an affiliate. 2010.. with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Retirement benefit plans a) Defined contribution plans The Company makes Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. has increased from 65. 2010 : ` 48. the Company. death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 days salary for service less than 15 years. The Company recognised ` 285. 2010 : ` 232. 2010. 2011. and ERI Holding Corp.K. the Company has acquired 100% equity share capital of Retail FullServe Limited (formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited).02 crores) for provident fund contributions and ` 73. through its subsidiary. Financial Network Services (H.) Limited (subsidiary of TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited) has been voluntarily liquidated. 2010. the group holding in Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co.Annual Report 2010-11 g) On October 4. the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. Limited.

38) (58.42 (58.35) (32.61) 5.07 66.91 420.98 2010 (` crores) iv) Category of Assets : Special Deposits Scheme Insurer Managed Funds Others Total As at March 31. 2011 i) Change in benefit obligations: Projected benefit obligation.24) 58.76 418. 2010 (` crores) 2011 iii) Net gratuity and other cost: Service cost Interest on defined benefit obligation Expected return on plan assets Net actuarial loss / (gain) recognised in the year Net gratuity cost and other cost Actual Return on Plan Assets 81.14 As at March 31.62 29.36 0. beginning of the year Service cost Interest cost Actuarial loss / (gain) Benefits paid Projected benefit obligation. beginning of the year Expected return on plan assets Employers’ contributions Benefits paid Actuarial gain Fair value of plan assets at the end of the year Excess of (obligation over plan assets) Accrued liability 420.80 385.16 31.50 6.32 0.38) 344.86 (25.06 494.86) 3. 2010 1.80 91.23 70.00 6.39 37. 2011 494.62 29. end of the year ii) Change in plan assets: Fair value of plan assets.07 14.86) 452.49 81.00 137 .42 As at March 31.06 420. 2010 % 7.07) (11.84 (7.11 41.15) 8. 2011 v) Assumptions used in accounting for the gratuity plan: % Discount rate Salary escalation rate Expected rate of return on plan assets 8. 2011.49 As at March 31.00 8.The following table sets out the funded status of the gratuity plan and the amounts recognised in the Company’s financial statements as at March 31. (` crores) As at March 31.46 (32.39 37.84 (31.66 494.07 (36.00 8.14 36.08 (32.15 65.35) 452.14 (32.61) 552.00 As at March 31.82 70.15 34.34) (25.

7) Obligations towards finance leases (` crores) Assets acquired under finance lease i) Minimum Lease Payments: z z z As at March 31.11 crores (March 31.39) (20.25 Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years Total ii) Present Value of minimum lease payments: z z z Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years 3.42 12.13 2.42 (58.53 29.82 As at March 31. 2010 : ` 646. Further a sum of ` 214.85 6) Rental expenses of ` 263.91 243.38 37.93 3.87 Total 138 .45 14. 2011 9.67 552. fixed price basis. promotion and other relevant factors such as supply and demand factors in the employment market.54) 6. 2011 amounting to ` 836.31 240.15 crores) in respect of obligation under non-cancellable operating leases have been charged to the profit and loss account. historical results of the return on plan assets and the Company’s policy for plan asset management.22 2010 2009 2008 2007 The expected contribution is based on the same assumptions used to measure the Company’s gratuity obligations as of March 31. assessed risks of asset management.14 (32.12 crores to gratuity funds for the year ended March 31.49 420.91 452.37 2.00 760. 2010 7.00 5.23 10.35) (16.91) 2.87 1940.26 264.62) 4.93 1805. 2010 : ` 594.38) 4.81 50.54 22.30 14.31 741. 2010 245.07) (26. Obligations towards operating leases (` crores) Non-cancellable operating lease obligation Not later than one year Later than one year but not later than five years Later than five years Total As at March 31.37 crores (March 31.80 494.18 crores (Previous year : ` 190.92 57.87 (50.12 385. seniority.10 35.75 crores) has been charged to the profit and loss account in respect of cancellable operating leases. 2011.81 As at March 31.16 (41. 5) Unbilled revenue as at March 31.11 28.96 crores) primarily comprises of the revenue recognised amounting to ` 780. The expected return on plan assets is determined considering several applicable factors mainly the composition of the plan assets held.13 315.81 crores) in relation to efforts incurred on turnkey contracts priced on a fixed time. 2012. (` crores) 2011 Experience adjustment On plan liabilities On plan assets Present value of benefit obligation Fair value of plan assets Excess of (obligation over plan assets) / plan assets over obligation 35.52 10.61 818.23 344.Annual Report 2010-11 The estimate of future salary increase considered in actuarial valuation takes account of inflation.46 crores (Previous year : ` 313. 2011 307. The Company is expected to contribute ` 52.94 872.

resources and utilities. Sale of Equipment is net of excise duty of ` 0.17 566.37 2838. Geographic segments of the Company are Americas (including Canada and South American countries). Revenues and expenses directly attributable to segments are reported under each reportable segment. s-Governance. life science and healthcare.71 Segment result 3797. etc.94 5363. Europe. 2011 Particulars Banking.45 8771. (net) 494. India and Others.20 crores (Previous year : ` 77.27 crore (Previous year : ` 0.03 Unallocable expenses (net) Business Segments Manufacturing Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods 3533.39 1626.12 Operating income 8205.38 Telecom Others (` crores) Total 2257.43 6370.12 474. companies in retail and consumer packaged goods industries.87 Net profit for the year 7569. All other assets and liabilities are disclosed as unallocable. Year ended March 31.8) 9) 10) Research and development expenditure aggregating ` 97. transportation and hospitality. finance and insurance services.82 6667. products.60 Profit before taxes 8700.70 6192.88 9225.90 1885. Geographical revenues are allocated based on the location of the customer. Financial Services and Insurance Revenue 11719.63 567.22 643.99 5618. Expenses which are not directly identifiable to each reporting segment have been allocated on the basis of associated revenues of the segment and manpower efforts.73 177.48 4578. Fixed assets that are used interchangeably among segments are not allocated to primary and secondary segments. companies in telecommunication.78 Other income. All other expenses which are not attributable or allocable to segments have been disclosed as unallocable expenses.38 1986. Assets and liabilities that are directly attributable or allocable to segments are disclosed under each reportable segment.71 1117.18 2705. media and entertainment and others such as energy. travel. Business segments are primarily financial services comprising customers providing banking.16 1508.19 crores) was incurred. Segment Reporting The Company has identified business segments (industry practice) as its primary segment and geographic segments as its secondary segment.05 7186.39 crore).51 894.41 23044.51 139 .44 751.62 560. manufacturing companies. Hi-Tech industry practice.92 3762.38 Tax expense 1130.66 29275.

40 355.99 1587.79 910. 2011 16907.85 1212.89 39.05 1074.01 537.03 India 2759.44 926.78 2450.68 1.78 13391.73 0.95 29.36 462.90 202.98 1314.11 22431.42 Total assets 26043.36 1920.47 1333.78 Segment Assets as at March 31.10 Europe 7039.06 4458.12 6060.65 140 .49 Unallocable liabilities Total liabilities 6463.46 8.09 Other Information: Capital Expenditure (unallocable) Depreciation (unallocable) 1607.96) 155.81 447.60 5250.29 (4.05 17973. 2011 Particulars Banking.62 7315.35 64. 2011 1256.36 1415.37 827.67 Telecom Others (` crores) Total 320.71 Segment liabilities 436. Financial Services and Insurance Segment assets 1797.10 1939.46 273.46 184.38) 0.48) 113.32 (95.24 278.21 2162.15 87.15 3.76 6170.05 (110.82 469.03 1379.80 8.34 26.35 Other significant non cash expenses (allocable) Other significant non cash expenses (net) (unallocable) 12.29 19873.83 6404.68 (0.03 Unallocable assets Business Segments Manufacturing Retail and Consumer Packaged Goods 474.50) The following Geographic segments individually contribute 10 percent or more of the Company’s revenues and segment assets: (` crores) Geographic Segment Americas Revenues for the year ended March 31.Annual Report 2010-11 As at March 31 .

30. De C. Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.A. ii. ix.e.e. i. 30.06.A. 2. 4.A. vi. iii. 27.. Tata Consultancy Services Luxembourg S.06. vii.) Syscrom S. w. Ltd.A.. iv.A. TCS Solution Center S.01. iii. CMC e-Biz Inc ( w.A. TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S. w. iv. xii. Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV i. (formerly Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S. Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S. CMC Limited II)(B) Subsidiaries (Indirect Holding) i.A. ii. MGDC S. x.f.A. (ceased to be a subsidiary as it has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.11) Related Party Disclosures A) I) Related Parties and their Relationship Holding Company Tata Sons Limited II)(A) Subsidiaries (Direct Holding) 1.2010) TATASOLUTION CENTER S. 3.A.A. TCS Iberoamerica SA i.e. xi.f.) Tata Consultancy Services Chile S. xiv.A.2011) viii.A Tata Consultancy Services Portugal Unipessoal Limitada TCS Uruguay S.C. ii.V. v. 5.2010) Custodia De Documentos Interes Limitada (ceased to be a subsidiary as it has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S. Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda Tata Consultancy Services Chile S. 141 .A Tata Consultancy Services Switzerland Ltd Tata Consultancy Services France SAS TCS Italia SRL CMC Americas Inc. iv. vi. Tata Consultancy Services Malaysia Sdn Bhd Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co. PT Tata Consultancy Services Indonesia Tata Consultancy Services (Thailand) Limited Tata Consultancy Services (Philippines) Inc. ii. Tata Information Technology (Shanghai) Company Limited Tata Consultancy Services Japan Ltd. Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. (ceased to be a subsidiary as it has merged with Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S. v. xiii. i.A.f. iii.

f.f.e.K. 17. 9. ii.2010. amalgamated with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. TCS FNS Pty Limited i. v. ii. ERI Holdings Corp. i. TCS e-Serve Limited i. Diligenta Limited C-Edge Technologies Limited MP Online Limited Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Consultancy Services (Africa)(PTY) Ltd. Financial Network Services (Beijing) Co. TCS e-Serve International Limited TCS e-Serve America.10. 18.08.12.2010) TCS Management Pty Ltd. (ceased to be a subsidiary w.2010) TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited (formerly Financial Network Services Pty Limited) PT Financial Network Services Financial Network Services (H.f.f. 15. 11. vi.) Exegenix Research Inc. 13. 14. iv. 01. 16. (ceased to be a subsidiary w. 20. 12.12. 31. ii. 15. iii. MS CJV Investments Corporation (w. 04.) Diligenta 2 Limited (w.2010.e. i.e.e. 01. 10.e. amalgamated with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc. 28. MahaOnline Limited (w. 8. 7.10.e.2010) Retail FullServe Limited (formerly SUPERVALU Services India Private Limited) III) Fellow Subsidiaries with whom the Company has transactions 142 . APOnline Limited Tata America International Corporation Tata Consultancy Services Belgium SA Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH WTI Advanced Technology Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.Annual Report 2010-11 6.f. Tata Consultancy Services (South Africa) (PTY) Ltd.) Limited (ceased to a subsidiary w. i. Inc 19.2010) i. Ltd.f.07.

IV) Associate V) Key Management Personnel 143 .

13888.69 8.24 51.20 0.07 0.31 4.66 33.67 0.04 32.47 70.46 17662.73 1.59 2.74 0.04 176.88 20.29 0.18 0.62 25.00 39. 2011 (` crores) Holding Company Issue of bonus shares Brand equity contribution Purchase of fixed assets Loans and advances given Loans and advances repaid Inter-corporate deposit placed Inter-corporate deposit matured Purchase of investment Sale of investment (Including interest) Revenues Interest income Dividend income Rent income Other income Purchase of goods.Annual Report 2010-11 B) Transactions with Related Parties Year ended March 31.62 0.69 61.48 6.71 44.16 11.17 51.90 0.65 34.03 0.00 110.94 131.02 41.10 0.67 0.88 23.07 17.69 61.21 31.57 519.31 2891.63 0.37 1000.28 51.57 0.10 3.49 0.57 33.59 2.04 3.00 7.27 331.72 Associates Key Management Personnel 0.00 16.20 2886.68 0.00 164.14 17.30 0.00 39.58 1228.47 90.72 0.46 10.52 5.80 .29 0.05 10.00 164.29 0.76 33.00 1.92 10.05 10.46 150.33 1.39 11.47 90.00 5.94 131.15 0.65 144 .81 1226.00 - .18060.02 200.03 Total 37.10 0.20 0.78 8.00 150.25 142.92 - 72.64 42.55 846.95 1243.72 0.38 117.09 0.37 90.57 0.93 964.67 610.48 35.00 Subsidiaries Fellow Subsidiaries 0.00 398.03 0.85 0.00 176. services and facilities (including reimbursement) Rent paid Provision for doubtful debts / advances Bad debts written-off Excess provision written back Dividend paid Dividend on redeemable preference shares (paid) Guarantees Remuneration 72.93 43.71 85.65 0.58 85.00 105.00 146.21 31.18 13555.00 0.89 17.66 9.00 147.47 3.77 0.01 0.00 7.35 5.62 0.35 90.88 0.

77 6.00 Subsidiaries Fellow Subsidiaries 311.35 2120.00 80.87 10.02 1000.11 2010 145 .93 1200.75 20.00 Associates Key Management Personnel Total 2075.57 932. Loans and advances Sundry creditors.00 15.00 80.73 70.31 200.00 14.00 15.93 34. Advance billings and deferred revenues.93 - 0.42 1770.00 D) Disclosure of Material Transactions with Related Parties (` crores) 2011 Purchase of fixed assets CMC Limited Tata Consulting Engineers Limited Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Loans and advances given during the year Tata Sons Limited CMC Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.04 2120.57 237. Inter-corporate deposits placed Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Tata Sky Limited Infiniti Retail Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Inter-corporate deposits matured Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Tata Autcomp Systems Limited Infiniti Retail Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Purchase of investments Tata Sons Limited Tata Capital Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Sale of investments (including interest) Tata Capital Limited 150.00 25.94 35.C) Balances with Related Parties As at March 31.00 25.43 11.00 200.00 5.18 947.85 0.91 1851.54 19.00 14.22 86.00 1200.33 2027.00 1000.18 861. Unbilled revenue.00 146.37 1.76 1029.91 1851.00 31.12 37.00 200.07 51.44 27.00 100.06 0. Loans and advances repaid during the year TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited CMC Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.72 85. Advances from customers Guarantees Investment in Debentures 59.28 19. 2011 (` crores) Holding Company Debtors.02 - 2446.00 1000.

57 186.30 2.20 11.41 1719.29 13.49 2010 11563.64 14883. services and facilities (including reimbursement) CMC Limited CMC Americas Inc. N.11 0.92 3.00 200.20 0.00 12.03 146 .98 2.30 2.00 1978.85 1.36 1.00 1000.00 200.99 65. S.35 322.67 16.97 316. Loans and advances Tata America International Corporation TCS Iberoamerica SA TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited Sundry creditors.62 125.47 252.89 475.99 85.50 17.69 164.82 9. Unbilled revenue. Advances from customers Tata America International Corporation CMC Limited Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands BV Guarantees outstanding Diligenta Limited Investment in Debentures Tata Sons Limited Panatone Finvest Limited 1000.Annual Report 2010-11 (` crores) 2011 Revenues Tata America International Corporation Interest income Tata Sons Limited CMC Limited TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited Tata Realty And Infrastructure Limited Panatone Finvest Limited Dividend income TCS e-Serve Limited CMC Limited Purchase of goods. Advance billings and deferred revenues.04 5.08 84.90 15.90 2.53 331.76 17. Mahalingam Mr.10 6.49 132.63 17.03 599.11 270.12 30. Rent paid CMC Limited Diligenta Limited Provision for doubtful debts/advances Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Teleservices Limited Bad debts written-off TCS e-Serve Limited Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited Excess provision written back Tata Teleservices Limited Tata Capital Limited Guarantees given during the year TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited Diligenta Limited Remuneration to Key Management Personnel Mr.84 279.32 234. Phiroz Vandrevala Debtors.07 104.02 2.73 5.77 11.08 0.88 8. Chandrasekaran Mr.21 232.35 11.05 0.

1956.62 150.95 Net Profit as per Section 309 (5) of the Companies Act.43 2010 6370.38 18. (` crores) 2011 Profit before taxes and exceptional items Add: (a) Managerial Remuneration (b) Provision for doubtful debts and advances (net) (c) Provision for diminution in value of long-term investments 18.15 0.14 4.50 0.23 1.95 1.95 10.84 crore (March 31.89 15.61 0.43 Less: (a) Profit on redemption / sale of mutual funds and other current investments (net) (b) Profit on sale of long-term investments (c) Capital profits on sale of fixed assets (d) Write back of provision for doubtful debts and advances (net) 73.23 155. gratuity and premium paid for Group Health Insurance as separate actuarial valuation / premium paid are not available for the Whole-time Directors and (b) retirement benefits of ` 0.12) Managerial Remuneration (` crores) 2011 1.10 8.50 8556.29 26.10 1.08 crores) to the former Managing Director.96 169. Non Whole-time Directors (a) (b) Commission Sitting fees 8.46 170.09 8.91 148.46 7. Computation of Net Profit in accordance with Section 309 (5) of the Companies Act.18 6390.69 8700.05 2.49 10.09 Total Remuneration Notes: i) The above figures do not include (a) provisions for encashable leave.08 4. Managing Director and other Whole-time Directors (a) (b) (c) Salaries (including Company’s contribution to Provident and Superannuation funds) Commission Estimated value of perquisites and allowances 1.65 2010 ii) The remuneration payable to the Whole-time directors is subject to approval of the shareholders. 2010 : ` 14.75 6.00 6. 147 .14 8.00 0.58 15.38 95.95 4. 1956 Commission: (a) Whole-time Directors (b) Non Whole-time Directors 7.41 1.

89 crore) for attest and other professional services rendered by a firm of accountants in which some partners of the firm of statutory auditors are partners.41 crores (March 31. and would be required to refund to the seller. As on the acquisition date. The Company has provided guarantees aggregating to ` 1978. The impact on MAT entitlement of earlier periods is ` 267.35 2. 2008 TCS e-Serve Limited has net advance taxes aggregating to ` 185.Annual Report 2010-11 13) Auditor’s remuneration (` crores) 2011 For services as auditors. 2010 18.98 crores) in domestic and certain overseas jurisdiction relating to earlier years.27 crores (March 31. i. the Company has received ` 27. * Other services include fees towards attest services ` 2.61 2120.32 crores) (GBP 252. 2006. as an adjustment to the purchase price consideration.02 0.54 259.70 crore (Previous year : ` 0. 2010 : ` 1719. 2011 Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debt Income Tax demands Indirect Tax demands Guarantees given by the Company on behalf of subsidiaries (See note (ii) below) Notes: i) TCS e-Serve Limited has a contingent liability of ` 236.58 0. The Company has undertaken to provide financial support for the amount of loan taken by a subsidiary and interest thereon.35 3.02 47.91 As at March 31. 2010 : ` 1115. including quarterly audits For Tax Audit For Other services * Reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses For service tax ** 2.41 crores (GBP 275. which amount has been adjusted against the cost of the investment.08 crores (GBP 30.14 crores (Previous year : ` Nil). 2011.34 crores has been provided for in the books of accounts of the Company against such financial support. December 31.59 crores) in respect of Income Tax matters in dispute. the Company has a call option to purchase all the shares held by Phoenix at fixed price of ` 217.87 crores (Previous year : ` 2. an amount of ` 6.13 crores against disputed amounts for the various assessment years.65 62.93 15) ii) iii) 16) During the year. 20. Under the shareholders agreement dated March 23. 2010 : ` 212. Phoenix Group Services Limited (“Phoenix”) (formerly known as Pearl Group Services Limited) has an equity holding of 24% in Diligenta Limited.33 crores (USD 6 million) from the seller of an investment against the release of an indemnification obligation.99 1851.02 crores). ** Service tax credit has been / will be availed. amounts equal to the monies received by TCS e-Serve Limited. Commitments a) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided for (net of advances) ` 1132. As at March 31. 14) Current tax includes additional provision (net) of ` 94.12 0. The Company is entitled to an indemnification from the seller. on all such claims.32 602.58 2010 2.e.30 crores).10 0.10 0.50 million) to third parties on behalf of its subsidiary Diligenta Limited.50 crores (Previous year : Current tax includes write back of provision (net) ` 13. The Company does not expect any outflow of resources in respect of the above.24 million) at the end 17) b) 148 . Contingent Liabilities (` crores) As at March 31.53 The remuneration disclosed above excludes fees of ` 0.60 million) (March 31.10 0. of the above referred contingent claims on TCS e-Serve Limited.

22 1375. 2010 Principal 0. Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU and TCS FNS Pty Limited.F.80 69.38 Interest 0.11 101. 2010 : ` 9.000 per unit against the investment of 1000 units aggregating to ` 9.21 2010 2.21 6.57 2010 21115.93 1131.86 Interest 0.52 319.78 4056.92 36.16 9.00 crores (March 31. As at March 31.99 60.87 373.02 149 .98 4.82 0.22 7. sub-assemblies and components Capital goods Stores and spare parts 14.70 456.39 As at March 31.48 91. hardware and material cost Other expenses 2.I. neither of the option has been exercised.92 0.92 142.08 16.00 crores).46 4682.of fourth year and Phoenix has a put option to sell the shares to the Company at the same price at the end of the fifth year.01 2010 11. basis (` crores) 2011 Raw materials. 2011.18 114. The Company has further call option commencing from the sixth year till the end of the eightieth year.28 128.25 d) 18) Micro and Small Enterprises Expenditure in Foreign Currency (subject to deduction of tax where applicable) (` crores) 2011 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) Royalty Legal and Professional fees Interest Services rendered by business associates and others Communication expenses Foreign taxes Overseas business expenses Overseas employee costs Travelling and conveyance expenses Software.43 345.89 1395. 2011 Principal Amount due to vendor Principal amount paid (includes unpaid) beyond the appointed date Interest accrued and remaining unpaid (includes interest disallowable) 19) Income in Foreign Currency (` crores) 2011 (a) (b) (c) (d) 20) Consultancy services FOB value of exports of equipment and licenses Interest income Other income (net) 26535.80 296.84 0.04 361.28 357.18 21) Value of Imports calculated on C.00 69. (` crores) As at March 31.76 88. c) The Company has undertaken to provide continued financial support to its subsidiary APOnline Limited.01 819. The Company has a purchase commitment towards India Innovation Fund for the uncalled amount of balance ` 90.66 146.

64 5.40 43.01 0.02 % 26.01 0.73 100. 2010 : ` Nil) in foreign currencies on account of dividends during the year and does not have information as to the extent to which remittance.31.67 78.09 42.88.09.40 2.52 Closing Stock Qty Value (` crores) 36 0. if any.87 1.01 73. 25) Remittance in foreign currencies for dividends The Company has remitted ` Nil (March 31.11 49.13.18. this being a technical matter) Installed Capacity (units) Document processing systems 45000 45000 Licensed capacity for document processing systems is not applicable.797 23. unserviceable items.34 17. are as under: Number of Non-Resident Shareholders Number of Equity Shares Held Gross Amount of dividend (` crores) Final dividend for 2008-09 declared in June 2009 Interim dividend declared in July 2009 Interim dividend declared in October 2009 Interim dividend declared in January 2010 Final dividend for 2009-10 declared in June 2010 Interim dividend declared in July 2010 Interim dividend declared in October 2010 Interim dividend declared in January 2011 8739 9136 9368 9515 9980 9950 9435 9626 11.924 23. stores and spare parts consumed Raw materials.40 5291 2.03.238 21.00 792.03 0.88.15 811.36 18.Annual Report 2010-11 22) Licensed and installed capacities and production (Installed capacity certified by the management and accepted by the auditors without verification. The particulars of dividends declared and paid to non-resident shareholders for the year 2009-10 and interim dividends for the year 2010-11.00 23.77 47.55.45.01 0.90 50.23 80.230 24.01 1092. in foreign currencies on account of dividends have been made by / on behalf of non-resident shareholders. etc.06 21.64.10 2010 55.51 1104.40 Document processing systems Others (including software license) Total 24) Value of imported and indigenous raw materials.15 12024 19.00 Stores and Spare Parts (` crores) 0.32 47.02. Actual Production (units) 4314 9004 23) Information in regard to finished goods Opening Stock Qty Value (` crores) 2271 1.99 100.069 25.865 25.04 0.40 0.95.132 2011 334.873 23.19 1.48 19.40.08.00 100.71 100. sub-assemblies and components.00 Imported Indigenous Total Consumption figures shown above are after adjusting excess and shortages ascertained on physical count.91 57.59.66 3. sub-assemblies and components (` crores) % 14.19 - 150 .37 51.55.87 Turnover Qty Value (` crores) 6549 12.19 2271 1.

151 . of Contracts March 31. which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges.79 1. 2011. 2010 : ` 4.64 1. in accordance with its risk management policies and procedures. the Company has net foreign currency exposures that are not hedged by a derivative instrument or otherwise amounting to ` 857. Dollar Sterling Pound Euro 6 9 21 (39.67 crores (March 31.82) In addition to the above Cash Flow Hedges.20 crores recognised in Hedging Reserve as of March 31.41 crores) whose fair value showed a gain of ` 27. 2011: The following are outstanding currency option contracts. 2010 (721. they do not qualify for hedge accounting and accordingly these are accounted as derivative instruments at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in the profit and loss account. The counter party is generally a bank.86) 74. The Company does not have any outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts. The movement in Hedging Reserve during the year ended March 31. 2010 : ` 3316. 2011.03 crores (March 31.88 crores (Previous year: exchange gain ` 91. 2012. As of balance sheet date.15 (76. 2010 Notional amount of Currency Options contracts (million) 357.67 crores).62 83. of Contracts Notional amount of Currency Options contracts (million) 145.12 11.35 Year ended March 31. the Company has outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts with notional amount aggregating ` 4432. 2011 is expected to be reclassified to the profit and loss account by March 31.06 10 - (Loss) (115. Exchange loss of ` 8.82) 4.46 crores) on foreign exchange forward contracts and currency option contracts have been recognised in the year ended March 31. 2010 : ` 764. enters into foreign currency forward contracts and currency option contracts to manage its exposure in foreign exchange rates. 2011 and as at March 31.68) - Net gain on derivative instruments of ` 20.S. as at: March 31.26) Derivative Financial Instruments The Company.43 0. 2011 Balance at the beginning of the year Gains transferred to income statement on occurrence of forecasted hedge transaction Net changes in the fair value of effective portion of outstanding cash flow derivatives Net derivative gain related to discontinued Cash Flow Hedges Balance at the end of the year (76.10 569. which have been designated as Cash Flow Hedges as at March 31. 2010.00 Fair Value (` crores) Gain / (Loss) U.00 149.52) 8. 2011 (March 31. for derivatives designated as Cash Flow Hedges is as follows: (` crores) Year ended March 31. These contracts are for a period between one day and eight years.00 Fair Value (` crores) No. Although these contracts are effective as hedges from an economic perspective.00 54. The Company has following outstanding derivative instruments as at March 31.45 crores as at March 31.85 crores). 2011 Foreign Currency No.

2011: (` crores) Subsidiary Company TCS FNS Pty Limited * TCS Iberoamerica SA ** CMC Limited *** Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.10. of Shares * TCS FNS Pty Limited has made the following investments in its subsidiaries: (a) (b) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (a) TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited TCS Management Pty Ltd.69. Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S.996 38.02 crores) have been considered as non cash transactions. TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada TCS Uruguay S.61 1 (` crores) 2010 5618.20. De C.500 59.05 35.20.67.99 263.56 278.58.00.21 195.57.A.A..424 4.48 14.803 49.62 229. 2011 214.82 5598.99 12. CMC Americas Inc.240 8. Previous years’ figures are in italics.40.91.V.37 300.Annual Report 2010-11 27) Disclosure required by Clause 32 of the Listing Agreements Amount of loans and advances in nature of loans outstanding from subsidiaries as at March 31.61 1 30) 31) Previous years’ figures have been recast / restated wherever necessary.000 16.598 3.72 5. TCS Solution Centre S. 152 .19 5.19 Maximum amount outstanding during the year 235.46 85.71 265. 2011 (Previous year : ` 5.000 5. MahaOnline Limited Outstanding as at March 31.A.01.31.712 50. Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.08 No.72. Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.39 219.23 0.00.A.72.10.51 19.66 5.69 195.A.78 7557.000 1.69 crores for the year ended March 31. 65. Earnings per share 2011 Net profit for the year Less: Preference share dividend (including dividend tax) Amount available for equity shareholders Weighted average number of shares Earnings per share basic and diluted (`) Face value per equity share (`) 7569.000 ** TCS Iberoamerica SA has made the following investments in its subsidiaries: *** CMC Limited has made the following investments in its subsidiaries: 28) 29) Increase in payables in respect of purchase of fixed assets amounting to ` 14.76 2.996 28.

Total Expenditure 210697171 Profit / (Loss) After Tax 75699920 Dividend Rate % # 1400 V) Generic Names of Principal Products/Services of Company (as per monetary terms) Item Code No. 2011 State Code 11 Capital Raised during the year (Amount ` Thousands) Public Issue Nil Bonus Issue Nil Rights Issue Nil Private Placement Nil III) Position of Mobilisation and Deployment of Funds (Amount ` Thousands) Total Liabilities 196899221 Sources of Funds Paid-up Capital 2957221 Secured Loans 358655 Other Liabilities 693174 Application of Funds Net Fixed Assets 47675506 Net Current Assets 90748563 Investment 57954847 Other Assets 520305 Total Assets 196899221 Reserves and Surplus 192837701 Unsecured Loans 52470 IV) Performance of the Company (Amount ` Thousands) Income 297701449 Profit / (Loss) Before Tax 87004278 Earnings per Share in ` (Weighted Average) 38. Balance Sheet Date II) 84781 31st March. (ITC Code) Product Description 85249009 Computer Software 153 .Balance Sheet Abstract and Company’s General Business Profile I) Registration Details Registration No.61 # includes interim dividend of ` 6 per share paid during the year.

84 174.99) (30.33 36.89 19.14 1.21 0.01 193.590000 27.97) 1.47 1.41) (1.04 (0.15 4. Tata Consultancy Services Do Brasil Ltda Tata Consultancy Services De Mexico S.34) 1..88 67.37 0.97 58. China China China Uruguay Argentina Brazil Mexico Spain Italy Japan Malaysia Luxembourg USD USD 44.64 150.18 27.62 5.00 15.18) Total Total Investment Assets Liabilities Other than Investment in Subsidiary 20.13 8.50 21.08 5.61 353.32 22.590000 44.45 4.* .11 29.95 19.65 42.20 141.46 (17.93 174.62 194.42 319.57 1.000000 1.154 Statement pursuant to exemption received under Section 212(8) of the Companies Act. Tata Consultancy Services Sverige AB TCS FNS Pty Limited TCS Iberoamerica SA WTI Advanced Technology Limited Tata Consultancy Services Morocco SARL AU Tata Consultancy Services (Africa) (Pty) Ltd.01 148.A Tata Consultancy Services Portugal Unipesoal Limitada Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.14 12.72 20.62 1.61 62.000000 1. CMC Americas Inc.44 43.55 25.Chile Annual Report 2010-11 Sr.74) 39.80 4.05 8.22 (5.62 36.94 51. Tata Consultancy Services Belgium S.08 1.357958 1.357958 7.95 418.87 783.17 100.22 (13.85 18.71) 1. TCS Italia SRL Tata Consultancy Services Japan Ltd.V.59 227.13 57.18) (38.60 (17. Name of the Subsidiary Company No.357958 0.46 37.51 3542.590000 44.51 25.738065 63.80 297.56 6.40 6.27 190. Tata Consultancy Services Malaysia Sdn Bhd Tata Consultancy Services Luxembourg S.05) 1.04 21. Singapore Belgium Germany Netherlands Sweden Australia Uruguay India Morocco South Africa U. Tata America International Corporation Tata Consultancy Services Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.20 13.590000 44.26 57.06 (8.61 499. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 APOnline Limited MP Online Limited C-Edge Technologies Limited CMC Limited Diligenta Limited Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.00 (15.92 51.51 70.55 0.56 75.27 4.Portugal .88 16692.785394 46.A.05 1004.05 104.34) 4.99 226.14 567.106060 44.53 404.29 15.K.48 581.27 9.72 1.94 84.33 30.42 15.38 861.97) 192.01 3.71 809.31 581.096793 46. Canada U.47 8.19 (9.32 77.10 3.43) 6.809696 6.37) 3.37 168.53 20.99 155.000000 5.07 9.03 (4.74 54.43 29.62 27.19 90.22 10.000000 1.A.14 1.64) (24.43 28.77 12.96 72.70 47. De C.A.45 116.601688 6. 1956 relating to subsidiary companies (` crores) Reporting Currency Turnover Profit before Taxation Provision for Taxation Profit Proposed after Dividend Taxation Country Exchange Rate Capital Reserves INR INR INR INR GBP CAD USD USD EUR EUR EUR SEK AUD USD INR MAD ZAR USD CNY CNY CNY USD USD USD USD USD EUR JPY MYR EUR 44.62 (3.87 374.08 5.72 2537.357958 63.03 23. Financial Network Services (Beijing) Co.03 14.34) (27.27 13.88 45.05 625.02 63.94 3.16 0.00 10.13 87.537934 14.02 .28 2.A. Ltd.87 57.52 6.43) 5.564932 44.98 68.77 (7.62 87.30 41.32 57.75 24.81 1.05) 1.91 566.19 7.03) 51.78 13.48 15.00 175.98 145.90 2.86 (15.11 180.809696 4.24) 1.34 171.590000 6..00 4.87 403.24) 381.22 (14.52 10.75 48.30 (7.55 (17. Tata Information Technology (Shanghai) Company Limited Tata Consultancy Services (China) Co.96 66.61 14.64 317.25 2.20) (32.71 97.68 41.10 417.14 168.S.809696 44.30) 2.38 110.77 58.80 19.17 549.53) (15.009390 44.590000 1.590000 63.90 65.34 10.03 0.64 161.22 282.A.41 0.56 118.99 (1.59 (5.23 18.22) 52.85) 3.71 28.357958 63.14 29.A.16 287.28 41.74 72.44 166.29) (73.18) (9.590000 63.98 (9.31 1015.01 13. Ltd.40 13.16 0.97 93.49 674.V. Tata Consultancy Services Deutschland GmbH Tata Consultancy Services Netherlands B.590000 44.41 1.15 308.37 454.98 32.51) 57.42 20.81 4.24) (0.A.05 122.78 53.74 10.590000 0.70 1.73 30.07 4.50 42.66 5. Tata Consultancy Services De Espana S.19 3.A.96 541.76 178.18 0.17 50.23 2. Tata Consultancy Services Argentina S.19 992.61) (30.10 (8.79 1.590000 44.54 4.07 108.24 (4. TCS Solution Center S.000000 71.30 India India India India U.S.07) 0.91) (65.29) (78.

f.729411 44.09 9.590000 5.India .00 1.82 44.) Limited *** Tata Consultancy Services Switzerland Ltd. PT Financial Network Services PT Tata Consultancy Services Indonesia Financial Network Services (H. 2010.02 (2.89 0.70 8.A.63 0.A.12 172.** Custodia De Documentos Intres Limitada ** TATASOLUTION CENTER S.590000 0.10 3.22 Chile Chile Chile Chile Ecuador 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 USD INR USD 44.785394 1.94) 1.95 196.66 0.79) (16. Tata Consultancy Services (Thailand) Limited TCS e-Serve Limited TCS e-Serve International Limited TCS e-Serve America.38 191. 5.564932 1. 04.04 8.61) (0.19 239. India USD USD CLP CLP USD 44. (w.49 550. **** TCS Uruguay S.04 27.32 6.55 (1.51 166. 2010.81 145.590000 44.02 0.47 2.55 13.028959 1.36 3.04 55.15 9.63 510.23 272.590000 1.29 7.20 Australia Australia Australia Indonesia Indonesia Hong Kong Switzerland France South Africa Philippines Thailand India India U.18 12.75) 2.23 19.32) 0.05 1760.85 1.13 34. (formerly Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.11 2. A. **** ERI Holdings Corp.20 7.59 0. Syscrom S. ****Merged with Tata Consultancy Services Canada Inc.05 199.02 (3.85 195.36 6.98) 18.000000 1.C.729411 5.73 (0.61 18.00 (20.96 51. ***Liquidated on October 15.04 (6.U.11 124. (formerly Tata Consultancy Services BPO Chile S.f.29 0. 3.46 2.69 7.11 4.000000 44.590000 6.S.86 59 60 TCS Inversiones Chile Limitada Tata Consultancy Services Chile S. *Merged with Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.092520 48.f.90 190.590000 46. are based on the exchange rates as on 31.e.05 0.56 0.68 8.90 103.f.61) (93.21 47.79) 1.U.2010) MahaOnline Limited (w.20) 4.96 1.A.24 8.01.10 187.A.01 2.04 (4.99 165.02 24.A.02) 0.2010) MS CJV Investments Corporation (w.K.000000 44. 27.) on July 31. Name of the Subsidiary Company No. Indian rupee equivalents of the figures given in foreign currencies in the accounts of the subsidiary companies.590000 115.590000 71.45 (19.86 4.89 24.02 35.009390 44.35 263. .2010) Retail FullServe Limited (w.44 2.106060 44.106060 46.26 4.18) 52.S.02 16.08) 0.44 209. 08.10 49.357958 64.82 0.01 1.20 8.30 (0.005128 0.13 8.A. Inc.) on June 30.f. Tata Consultancy Services (Philippines) Inc.00 8.77 5. 4. Turnover Profit before Taxation Provision for Taxation Profit Proposed after Dividend Taxation Country Reporting Currency Exchange Rate Capital Reserves 33 34 35 36 37 38 AUD AUD AUD USD IDR HKD CHF EUR ZAR PHP THB INR INR USD CAD CAD USD USD GBP INR 6.43 0.53 283.66 0.08.11) 0.10.A.87 0.52 (0.28 0.e.2010) CMC eBiz Inc.05 0.46 97.10 0.82 13.34 61. Notes: 1.04 0. 2010.97 18.44 0. Tata Consultancy Services France SAS Tata Consultancy Services (South Africa) (PTY) Ltd.40 10.86 24.77 37. 155 .08 43.76 118.19) 26.52 (0.20 211.A.43 192.20) 257.40 6.75 (0.13 14.02 2.25 16.10 6.55 25.92 5.29 1590.Sr.93 118.74 1938. Diligenta 2 Limited (w. Canada Canada Uruguay Mexico U.A TCS Financial Solutions Australia Holdings Pty Limited TCS Financial Solutions Australia Pty Limited TCS Management Pty Ltd.83 356.e.55 221.49 737.80 12.35 188.05 0.76 Total Total Investment Assets Liabilities Other than Investment in Subsidiary 312.106060 46.31) 0.009390 46.23 0.26 63.26 0.55 144.2011) 5.19 65.07.93 0.34 (18.11 0.2011 2.24 35. Exegenix Research Inc.51 7. 2010.e.81 4.02 1.A.88 0.13 0. MGDC S.32 (0.42 (0.40 .89 (36.22 5.81 0.474056 1. 31.K.76 114.90 0.88 20. 28.04 97.87 135.86) 1.772221 63. **Merged with Tata Consultancy Services Chile S.10 4.03.000000 11.24) 0.10.55 5.e.91 0.21) 7.590000 44.73 27.23 0.20) 46.88 1.S. on December 1.01 44.09 (1.84 11.

Annual Report 2010-11 Notes 156 .

Notes 157 .

Annual Report 2010-11 Notes 158 .

Notes 159 .

Annual Report 2010-11 Notes 160 .