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IELTS GRAPHS Cambridge 1 test 1
The charts below show the results of a survey of adult education. The first chart shows the reasons why adults decide to study. The pie chart shows how people think the cost of adult education should be shared. Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information shown below.
Interest in subject To gain qualifications Helpful for current job To improve prospects of promotion Enjoy learning / studying To able to change jobs To meet people 0 9 10 20 % 30 40 12 22 20 20 40 38
How the cost of each course should be shared
I am going to describe two graphs. The bar graph shows the reasons why adults choose to study and the pie chart shows how the adults think the cost of each course should be shared. From the bar graph it is clear that the main reasons why adults opted for higher study were because of interest in subject and to gain qualifications. Nearly 40% gave this reason in the survey. Approximately 20% studied further because it was helpful for their present job and to improve their prospects of promotion. The same percentage also studied because they enjoyed studying. Around 12 % chose to study to be able to change jobs and the least 9% studied just to meet new people. From the pie chart we can infer that the individuals themselves wanted to spend only 40% of their fees for higher education. They wanted the employer to spend 35% and the taxpayer to spend 25% of their course fees. This ends my report.
Cambridge 1 test 2
The diagram shows how the Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts. Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information shown below.
Reliable weather forecasts are very important in today’s time. The given picture graph illustrates the process of latest information on the weather so as to produce dependable forecasts. It is clear from the graph that mainly four steps are involved in the process. The first stage in the process is the collection of the incoming information. This can be done through the satellite, radar and the drifting buoy. The data is collected on the satellite photo, radar screen and the synoptic chart. All this is then analysed for forecasting and fed into the computer. Finally it is broadcast on radio, telecast on TV and communicated as a recorded announcement through the phone. So, it can be seen that to produce authentic forecasts the data is collected through various sources, analysed and finally broadcast so that we can know beforehand what sort of weather we have to face in the coming time. This ends my report.
www.kiransielts.blogspot.com Cambridge 1 test 3 The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. Expenditure on fast foods by income groups
Pence per person per week 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 High Income Average Income Low Income
Hamburgers Fish and Chips Pizza
Consumption of fast foods 1970-1990
Two graphs are given. The column graph depicts the expenditure on fast foods by different income groups in Britain and the line graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods from 1970 to 1990. The chart shows that high income earners consumed considerably more fast foods than the other income groups. They spent more than twice as much on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) as on fish and chips or pizza (both under 20 pence). Average income earners spent 33 pence per person per week on hamburgers, which was the maximum they spent on any given fast food. This was followed by fish and chips at 24 pence, then pizza at 11 pence per person per week. Low income earners spent less than other income groups on fast foods, though fish and chips remains their most popular fast food, followed by hamburgers and then pizza. From the line graph we can see that in 1970, fish and chips were the most popular fast food where as burgers and pizza were the least popular fast food at that time. The consumption of hamburgers and pizza rose steadily over the 20 year period to 1990 while the consumption of fish and chips declined over that same period. There was a slight increase in popularity from 1985 to 1990. This ends my report.
which was built in 1970. developed in between 1970 and 1994. It can be seen from the graph that the area north of Chorleywood station and the west of Chorleywood park and the golf course developed in between 1868 and 1883. To the south of this is the Chorleywood station. the dark line represents the main roads which run from north to south and west to east.blogspot. Chorleywood park and golf coast lies in the centre of layout. The railway line south of Chorleywood Park and the golf course was built in 1909. It can be seen there has been development around Chorleywood station and along the motorway which runs from south to north.kiransielts.www. . On the east of Chorleywood Park and the golf course runs the motor way. which is the diagonally shaded area. 4 The map shows the development of Chorleywood village in between 1868 and 1994. The map below shows the development of the village. south and east of the Chorleywood Park. The north. To the south of the Chorleywood Park. We can assume from the map that on the west and north of Chorleywood Park and golf course. We can arrive at inference that there has been a considerable development in the village Chorleywood during the period of 1970 to 1994. the darkly shaded area is developed in between 1922 and 1970. The horizontally shaded area around the station is developed in between 1883 and 1922.com Cambridge 1 test 4 Chorleywood is a village near London whose population has increased steadily since the middle of the nineteenth century.
rising from 37% of households in 1972 to 64% in 1983. There were also big increases in the ownership of washing machines and refrigerators.www. The greatest increase was in telephone ownership. Next was the central heating ownership. 5% and 2% respectively. . 18% of households had a video recorder. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below Consumer durables 1972 1974 1976 1978 1979 1981 1982 1983 5 Percentages of households with Central heating Television Video Vacuum cleaner Refrigerator Washing machine Dishwasher Telephone 42 50 54 87 73 66 89 81 68 92 88 71 92 91 75 3 60 93 92 74 3 67 94 93 78 4 75 95 93 79 4 76 94 80 5 77 38 93 43 95 48 96 52 96 55 97 59 97 60 97 64 98 18 The given table illustrates the percentage of British households who owned a range of consumer durables between 1972 and 1983.kiransielts. It is clear from the graph that this percentage increased over the years. In 1983. etc) owned in Britain from 1972 to 1983.blogspot. Households with vacuum-cleaners. which suggests rising living standards of the British people over the period.com Cambridge 2 test 1 The table below shows the consumer durables (telephone. Over the period the proportion of British houses with central heating doubled and of those with a phone increased from under a half to over three-quarters. the year of their introduction. rising from 42% in 1972 to 77% in 1983. televisions and dishwashers increased by 8%. refrigerator. The percentage of households with a refrigerator rose by 21% over the same period and of those with a washing machine by 14%.
00 20.00 Hours of leisure time 81 80. There were no figures given for men (househusbands). Housewives enjoyed approximately fifty-two hours of leisure. Here too. on average. Overall.00 0 0.00 40. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. . according to gender and employment status. In the unemployed and retired categories.00 60.com Cambridge 2 Test 2 The chart below shows the amount of leisure time enjoyed by men and women of different employment status. 1989-99 100.blogspot. Leisure time in a typical week : by sex and employment status.00 0 47 38 72 80 72 52 40 Males Females 6 The given column graph illustrates the hours of leisure time enjoyed by men and women in a typical week in 1998-99. men on average had a little less than fifty hours of leisure. men enjoyed more leisure time .approximately eighty hours. Among those employed full-time.kiransielts. men enjoyed at least ten hours of extra leisure time. but female part-timers had forty hours of leisure time. leisure time showed an increase for both sexes. This number was slightly more than women in full-time employment. compared with seventy two hours for women. the chart demonstrates that in the categories for which statistics on male leisure time were available.www. whereas women had approximately thirty-eight hours. There were no figures given for male parttime workers.
155 2.371 919 1.054 27. the main reason for traveling abroad was holidays.703 3. there were 1. and visits to friends and relatives. Western Europe was the most popular destination.486 21.877 23.167 1. VISITS ABROAD BY UK RESIDENTS BY PURPOSE OF VISIT (1994-98) 1994 1995 1996 1997 15.559 1.905 2. The number of people who travelled for other reasons not mentioned in the graph showed fluctuations.828 21.896 19. In 1996.181 990 28.639 3.227 2.blogspot.www. While there were about 2.kiransielts. .774 3. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.610 24.896 who travelled abroad.246 14.371 of the sample preferred to spend their holiday in that main region. Indeed.628 travellers in 1995.944 914 1.com 7 Cambridge 2 test 3 The first chart below shows the results of a survey which sampled a cross-section of 100.000 people.519 The given tables illustrate the reasons why U. There was also a change in the destinations which people preferred for travelling.782 22.661 24.188 2. Traveling abroad for visiting friends and relatives showed a steady Increase over the period.051 1998 20.628 3.828 982 22.957 Holiday Business Visits to friends and relatives Other reasons TOTAL 3.030 24.181 in 1998. there was a steady increase in the number of holiday makers.898 17. Travelling for business also increased from 3155 travellers in 1994 to 3957 travellers in 1994.072 18. This ends my report.700 of them. residents visited abroad and the countries they visited between 1994 and 1998. In 1994. According to statistical Information.905 to other areas.000 people asking if they travelled abroad and why they travelled for the period 199498. in 1998 there were 20.752 1. the number increased to 3.949 27. North America and other areas also appeared favourable.447 28. These numbers increased to 1.519 in 1998. There was an increase to 24.447 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 DESTINATIONS OF VISITS ABROAD BY UK RESIDENTS BY MAIN REGION (1994-98) Western Europe North America Other areas TOTAL 19.167 going to North America and 1. only 19. The data is based on a survey conducted on 100. business.K.689 3.249 2.823 and 2. The second chart shows their destinations over the same period.486 respectively.949 1.823 1.700 3.072 896 21. While in 1996 there were about 17.610 1.
In Great Britain the numbers in prison have increased steadily from 30 000 in 1930 to 80. Australia. Write a report for a university. . lecturer describing the information shown below.000 for Australia and New Zealand respectively. and particularly in New Zealand the numbers fell markedly from 1930 to 1940.com Cambridge 2 test 4 8 The table below shows the figures for imprisonment in five countries between 1930 and 1980. The prison population in the United States increased very rapidly from 1970 to 1980.www.000 in 1980. It is clear from the graph that there is considerable fluctuation in the figures for imprisonment from country to country.000 and approximately 85. The figures for the United States indicate the greatest number of prisoners compared to the other four countries. Canada is the only country in which the numbers in prison decreased over the fifty year period.blogspot. New Zealand. 160 140 120 in thousands 100 80 60 40 20 0 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 Great Britain Australia New Zealand United States Canada The given column graph illustrates the figures for imprisonment in Great Britain.kiransielts. although there were fluctuations in this trend. United States and Canada from 1930 to 1980. Since then they increased gradually and reached 50. in Australia. This ends my report. On the other hand.
of Japanese tourists visiting other countries from 1985 to 1995 and the line graph shows the percentage of those Japanese tourists visiting Australia over the same period. minor fluctuations over the period. In this report I am going to describe a column graph and a line graph.kiransielts. The column graph clearly shows an upward trend in the number of Japanese tourists. however. It is clear from the line graph that Australia got 2% share of Japan’s tourist market. reached 6% with some minor ups and downs in between. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. in millions. This number trebled over the decade. There were. This number also grew three times and by 1995. This number was approximately 5 million in the year 1985 and reached 15 million by the year 1995. The column graph shows the number. It can be concluded that Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market grew comparably over the period.www.com Cambridge 3 task 1 ( Same in Official materials ) 9 The charts below show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.blogspot. .
British spend more than other countries. where Germany spends much less than Britain. Italy’s spending on personal stereos is only marginally greater than that of France.www. . toys and photographic films. CDs. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. It is clear from the graph that Britain spends most heavily on the range of consumer goods included. France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets than Italy does.com 10 Cambridge 3 Test 2 The chart below shows the amount spent on six consumer goods in four European countries. Personal stereos Tennis racquets Perfume Germany CDs Italy France Toys Britain Photographic film 100 120 140 160 180 Thousand pounds sterling The given bar graph shows the amount of money the Germans. Germany spends more than France. in tennis racquets and perfumes. In every case. However. tennis racquets. spends almost the same. It is clear from the data given that there are some significant differences in spending habits within Europe. However. Germany is generally the lowest spender. Italians.kiransielts.blogspot. in the case of tennis racquets another country. perfumes. while spending on toys is equal between the two. In contrast. Meanwhile. France and Italy generally maintain middle positions. French and the British spend on consumer goods such as personal stereos. Italy. This is most evident in photographic film.
the charts show an overall increase in participation in education and science from 1980 to 1990. Average years of schooling Years of schooling 10 8 6 4 2 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries Scientists and technicians per thousand people 80 Per thousand people 60 40 20 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries Spending on research and development 400 US $ billions 300 200 100 0 1980 1990 Developing countries Industrialised countries The three column graphs illustrate the average years of schooling.kiransielts. This ends my report. the figure for industrialised countries rose from nearly 9 years of schooling in 1980 to nearly 11 years in 1990. People in developing nations attended school for an average of around 3 years. From 1980 to 1990. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. Spending on research and development also saw rapid growth in these countries. Figures are given for 1980 and 1990. numbers of scientists and technicians. By contrast. It is clear from the charts that the figures for developed countries are much higher than those for developing nations. and research spending fell from about $50 billion to only $25 billion. the number of scientists and technicians in industrialised countries almost doubled from a little over 40 to about 70 per 1000 people. reaching $350 billion in 1990. . On the other hand. and the spending on research and development in developing and developed countries. Also. with only a slight increase in years of schooling from 1980 to 1990. the number of science workers in developing countries remained below 20 per 1000 people.com 11 Cambridge 3 test 3 The charts below show the levels of participation in education and science in developing and industrialised countries in 1980 and 1990.blogspot.www.
had about 5% of their work force unemployed.blogspot.www.S. In March. the percentage of unemployed workforce in United States remained roughly the same at about 5% until March 99. It can be seen from the graph that the unemployment rates in Japan increased over the period whereas that of America decreased over the period. where 2.S. both Japan and U. From then on. the percentage of unemployed grew steadily but with fluctuations to reach 5. doubled in three years. is that number of unemployed in USA decreased by about 2. . while in Japan it actually increased by 2. in March 99. 1993. however. As for Japan. As a result. and reached 5% mark in the middle of 1996. and Japan from March 93 to March 99. The major conclusion that can be drawn using the graph. However. United States had seven percent of unemployed workforce which was three times more than that of Japan. the unemployment rate in United States began declining slowly since March 1993. although there were minor fluctuations in the unemployment rate.com 12 Cambridge 3 Test 4 The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993 and March 1999. Japan’s unemployment rate.5% percent.0% in March 1999.0% in the course of six years.kiransielts.5% were unemployed. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below The given line graph compares the unemployment rates between U. This ends my report.
food mixers and electric tools. Around 17. it is evident that the daily demand for electricity is generally more in winter than in summer.5% of electricity is used for heating rooms and water. This ends my report. The consumption of electricity fluctuates at an average level of 40.5% of electricity is provided for ovens.000 units throughout the day. The given line graph illustrates the daily demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer while the pie chart outlines how electricity is taken into use in an average English household.kiransielts. As for summer. The pie chart illustrates that 52. . The least demand for electricity is at about 7 am and after that. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. TV. It gets to its peak at 2 pm 10 pm and bottoms at 9 am.com Cambridge 4 AC Task 1 13 The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. radio and for vacuum cleaners. From the graph. and make comparisons where relevant. the demand for electricity is just under 20. 15% each is used for lighting. kettles. washing machines.000 units in winter. it increases steadily and peaks at nearly 10 pm after which it again falls at midnight.www.
with 21% and 19% respectively.000) 21% (232.000) 19% (359. those consisting of only one parent or a single adult had almost double this proportion of poor people.000) The given table illustrates the breakdown of the different type of families who were living in poverty in Australia in 1999. Write at least 150 words.blogspot. Overall the table suggests that households of single adults and those with children were more likely to be living in poverty than those consisting of couples. It is noticeable that for both types of household with children. 11% of all households. and make comparisons where relevant. were in this position.837. a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time.000) 12% (933.000) 11% (1. On average. no children couple.000) 7% (211. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Couples without children generally tended to be better off with only 7% in poverty whereas those with children were 12% . . no children sole parent couple with children all households Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty 6% (54.kiransielts. However.www. Family type single aged person aged couple single. comprising almost two million people.com 14 Cambridge 4 AC task 2 The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999. Older people were generally less likely to be poor.000) 4% (48. though once again the trend favoured elderly couples (only 4%) rather than single elderly people (6%).
however. more women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and marginally more women reached degree level (55%). while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men. The biggest difference was at the lowest post-school level. This ends my report. We can see immediately that there were substantial differences in the proportion of men and women at different levels.www.kiransielts. . By contrast. and make comparisons where relevant. Thus we can see that more men than women hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education. and also constituted 60% of Master's graduates.com Cambridge 4 AC task 3 15 The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. At the higher levels of education. men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterparts (70% and 30%. It is clear that gender differences were more pronounced in some fields than others. where 90% men held a skilled vocational diploma compared with only 10% women. Post-school qualifications in Australia according to gender 1999 Skilled vocational diploma Undergraduate diploma Bachelor's degree Females Postgraduate diploma Males Masters degree 0 10 20 30 40 50 % 60 70 80 90 100 The given bar graph gives information about the percentage of men and women who held different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia in 1999.blogspot. respectively). The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor's degree.
com 16 Cambridge 4 test 4 The charts below give information about travel to and from the UK.www. and about the most popular countries for UK residents to visit. from 11 million to 52 million.kiransielts. from 10 million visits in 1979 to over 25 million in 1999. It is clear from the graph that the visits made by UK residents are more than the visits made to the UK by overseas residents. The line graph shows data on the number of visits abroad by British people and visits from overseas residents to the UK. Visitors from other countries such as the USA.blogspot. On the other hand. In 1999. while the bar chart provides the figures of the popular countries chosen by UK residents to travel to. while a lesser number (9 million) of travellers went to Spain. Visits to and from the UK Most popular countries visited by UK residents 1999 Turke y Greec e USA Spain Franc e 0 5 10 Millions of UK visitors 15 Two graphs are given. the visits made by the British had a significant increase of 41 million trips in the same period. and make comparisons where relevant. . and Turkey had approximately 9 million visitors altogether. over 12 million UK residents visited France. The trend for overseas visitors climbed steadily over the period of 20 years. Greece. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. which was the most popular country of all.
the suggested location. a potentially large number of shoppers would also be able to travel by train.kiransielts. the out-of town site (S1) would probably offer more advantages. S2.blogspot. and make comparisons where relevant. As it is also close to the railway line linking the two towns to Cransdon (25 km to the south-east). Overall. but as the central area is a no-traffic zone.www. Hindon and Garlsdon. which would be good for local residents. is right in the town centre. and is sited just off the main road to the town of Hindon which is 12 kms to the north-west. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two possible sites for the supermarket. Both sites have their pros and cons. Theoretically the store could be accessed by road or rail from the surrounding towns. The given picture graph shows two potential sites for a supermarket that is planned there. In contrast. but for customers in Cransdon. neither site is appropriate for all the towns. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. including Bransdon. The first potential location (S1) is outside the town itself. This would make it accessible to shoppers from both Hindon and Garlsdon who could travel by car. This site is in the countryside and so would be able to accommodate a lot of car parking.com Cambridge 5 Test 1 17 The map below is of the town of Garlsdon. . cars would be unable to park and access would be difficult. This ends my report.
Tokyo. at 1927 million passengers. It has 394 kilometres of route in total.com 18 Cambridge 5 test 2 The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities. The system in Paris has the second greatest number of passengers.www. which was opened in the year 1900. and it is already 147 years old. This was then followed by the opening of the railway systems in Tokyo. Kyoto. the underground railway systems in different cities vary a lot in the site of the system.blogspot.kiransielts. at 1191 million passengers per year. Paris is the second oldest. which only has 155 kilometres of route. and was only opened in the year 2001. . The smallest underground railway system. London has the oldest underground railway systems among the six cities. It was opened in the year 1863. London has the largest underground railway systems. has the smallest system. Kyoto. Paris. In terms of the size. which is more than 30 times less than that of London. It only has 11 kilometres of route. Tokyo. serves the greatest number of passengers per year. Kyoto and Los Angeles. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Underground Railway systems City Date opened London Paris Tokyo Washington DC Kyoto Los Angeles 1863 1900 1927 1976 1981 2001 Kilometres of route 394 199 155 126 11 28 Passengers per year (in millions) 775 1191 1927 144 45 50 The given table illustrates data about the underground railway systems in six cities which are London. Washington DC and Kyoto. Los Angeles has the newest underground railway system. and make comparisons where relevant. in contrast. Washington DC. Overall it can be seen that. which is nearly twice as large as the system in Paris. Interestingly. serves the smallest number of passengers per year. the number of passengers served per year and in the age of the system.
S. approximately 7% in Sweden and 9% in the U. The given line graph illustrates the proportion of 65+ year olds in Japan. while the figures for U. it can be seen from the graph that in all three countries. Overall. .blogspot. the percentage of elderly people is expected to increase by the year 2040. Summarise the information ……. In 1940. However. the proportion of the elderly will continue to increase in the next two decades in the three countries. by which time it is projected that the proportion of the elderly will be similar to all the three countries.A. It is expected that. and Sweden grew to about 15% in 1990. Sweden and U. the proportion of people aged 65 or more stood at only 5% in Japan.S.www.kiransielts.S. the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period before rising to almost 5% again at the present time. from 1940 to the present time with a prediction till 2040.. This ends my report.A.com 19 Cambridge 5 test 3 The graph below shows the proportion of population aged 65 and over between 1940 1nd 2040 in three different countries. A most dramatic increase is predicted between 2030 and 2040 in Japan.
In contrast. but the highest level is for those students who mainly study for career purposes. % . This percentage gradually declines by 10-20% every decade. by age group (Time off and help with fees) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 under 26 26-29 30-39 Age 40-49 over 49 Two column graphs are given. Nearly 80% of students under 26 years.www. The first column graph shows the proportion of people of different age groups who studied for career or for interest. It drops rapidly to 32% up to the third decade of life. The second graph shows the amount of support they got from their employers in terms of time off or fees. There are only 10% of under 26yr olds studying out of interest. the study because of interest increases with age. and increases dramatically in late adulthood. Only 40% of 40-49yr olds and 18% of over 49yr olds study for career reasons. Nearly same number of 40-49yr olds study for career and interest.kiransielts. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. This ends my report. and then increases in late adulthood up to about 44%.com 20 Cambridge 5 test 4 The charts below show the main reasons for study among students of different age groups and the amount of support they received from their employers. However 70% of over 49yr olds study for interest in comparison to 18% studying for career reasons in that age group. Reasons for study according to age of student 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 under 26-29 30-39 40-49 over 26 49 Age % For career For interest Employer support. From the first graph it is clear that there is a gradual decrease in study for career reasons with age. The percentage increases slowly till the beginning of the fourth decade.blogspot. study for their career. It is unclear whether employer support is only for career-focused study. The second graph shows that employer support is maximum (approximately 60%) for the under 26yr students.
From 1950 onwards.www. The table shows the water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000. and make comparisons where relevant. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased.com Cambridge 6 Test 1 21 The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.C.R. It is clear from the line graph that throughout the century. Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000 Country Population Irrigated land Water consumption per person Brazil 176 million 26.2 million 100 km2 8 m3 of Congo A line graph and a table are given. industrial use grew steadily to just over 1.000 km³ in the year 2000. This means that a huge amount of water was used in agriculture in Brazil. both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture. the figures for Brazil indicate how high agriculture water consumption can be in some countries. This ends my report.500 km2 359 m3 Democratic Republic 5. The table illustrates the differences in agriculture consumption in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2000. The amount of irrigated land in Brazil was 26. the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes. while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300 km³. With a population of 176 million.500 km³ whereas that in the D.blogspot. The line graph shows the water used worldwide in industries. . Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.kiransielts.000 km³. and this increased dramatically from about 500 km³ to around 3. was only 100 km². agriculture and in households from 1900 to 2000. but consumption was minimal until mid-century. and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359 m³ compared with only 8 m³ in the Congo.
taxis and other modes of travel were more popular and walking.740 to 6. Travelling on foot.com 22 Cambridge 6 test 2 The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000. Despite the decreases. Overall.www. Cars.806 274 124 366 42 585 6.199 429 54 289 13 450 4.806 in 2000.740 2000 237 41 4.475. by bicycles and by local buses lost popularity in the one and a half decade. . trains. long distance buses. In general. some modes gained popularity while the others became less popular. however. and make comparisons where relevant. dropping from 429 to 274.199 in 1985 to 4. Cars remained top among the modes in the 15 years. Average travelling distance by local buses suffered the biggest decrease. whilst the number of miles covered on foot and bikes fell mildly from 255 to 237 and from 51 to 41 respectively.kiransielts. The travel modes which gained popularity in the period included cars.blogspot.475 The given table demonstrates the different modes of travel in England in 15 years from 1985 to 2000. The average miles covered by distance buses and taxis trebled over the period. Average distance in miles travelled per person per year by mode of travel Walking Bicycle Car Local bus Long distance bus Train Taxi Other All modes 1985 255 51 3. taxis and others. with their average miles increasing considerably from 3. long distance buses. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. bicycling and local transportation less popular. the total travelling distance in the country grew in 15 years. the total miles travelled grew from 4. trains.
Each thread is between 300 and 900 metres long. they are boiled in water and the threads can be separated by unwinding them.com 23 Cambridge 6 test 3 The diagrams below show the life cycle of the silkworm and the stages in the production of silk cloth. dyed and finally used to produce cloth in the weaving stage. Overall. The linear process shows the production of silk cloth.kiransielts. and make comparisons where relevant. . eggs are produced by the moth and it takes ten days for each egg to become a silkworm larva that feeds on mulberry leaves. First of all.www. First of all. The cocoons are used for the production of silk cloth. the diagrams show that the cocoon stage of the silkworm can be used to produce silk cloth through a very simple process. The threads are then twisted together. Two processes are given. This stage lasts for up to six weeks until the larva produces a cocoon of silk thread around itself. the adult moths eventually emerge from these cocoons and the life cycle begins again. After a period of about three weeks. It can be seen from the first diagram that there are four main stages in the life of the silkworm.blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. The cyclical process shows the lifecycle of the silkworm.
To begin with. . As we look at the other chart.S. In terms of the other two categories.www. namely. the number of marriages in USA stood at 2. 1970 and 2000 80 70 Percentage of adults 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Never married Married Widowed Divorced 1970 2000 The two bar charts compare the number of married and divorced people in USA over a span of 30 years from 1970 to 2000 and the overall marital status of US adults in 1970 and 2000. and the marital status of adult Americans in two of the years. The year 1980 witnessed the greatest number of divorces and meanwhile.5 1 0. we see that the percentages of those who were never married increased from 14% to 20% and those who chose to end their marriages by divorce increased from 1% to 9% by 2000.5 million.kiransielts.1 million in 1990 to 1 million in 2000. married and widowed. The percentage of married decreased from 70% to 60% and those widowed decreased from 6% to 5% over the years.blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. This ends my report. the number of marriages experienced a steady fall while the number of divorces fluctuated. the figures for 1970 were higher than those for 2000. 24 Number of marriages and divorces in the U. However. There was a steady fall in the numbers of marriages after 1980 and the number reached 2 million by 2000. divorces were 1 million in 1970 and increased to 1. 1970-2000 3 2.4 million in 1980.5 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 Marriages Divorces Marital status of adult Americans. As can be seen from the first chart.5 millions 2 1. Divorces decreased slightly from 1. the number of divorces in 2000 drew even with that in 1970.A. over the period of 30 years. and make comparisons where relevant.com CAMBRIDGE 6 TEST 4 The charts below give information about USA marriage and divorce rates between 1970 and 2000. in 1970 and 1980.
Percentage of national consumer expenditure by category . Italians. The Italians outstripped all others in spending on clothing and footwear. it can be seen that people of all countries spent the maximum on food/drinks and tobacco and the minimum on leisure and education.com 25 Cambridge 7 test 1 The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002.www. Overall.40% 6. The people of Turkey spent approximately a third of their income (32.20% 1.80% 15.91%.22% 4.00% 6.43% 9.36% 18. Spanish.kiransielts.63% Leisure/Education 2.21% 3. Spanish and Swedes spent 15-20 % on these items. They spent 9% on these items whereas all others spent between 5% and 7% on these items.98% 3. It can be said that in 2002.35% The given table illustrates the amount of money spent by the Irish. However the Spanish spent below 2% on these which was the lowest among all. Swedes and Turks on different items in 2002. and make comparisons where relevant. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. the consumer expenditure on various items had some similarities and some differences.14% Clothing/Footwear 6.14%) on food.77% 32.blogspot.51% 5. drink and tobacco which was closely followed by the people of Ireland at 28. All the countries spent the least amount on leisure and education (less than 5%). The Italians.2002 Country Ireland Italy Spain Sweden Turkey Food/Drinks/tobacco 28.91% 16. .
In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods. lamb.com 26 Cambridge 7 test 2 The graph below shows the consumption of fish and some different kinds of meat in a European country between 1979 and 2004. showed an upward trend. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams).blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.kiransielts. However. The consumption of fish also declined. Overall. chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004. The given line graph illustrates the changes in the amounts of beef. on the other hand. overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989. . with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively. although it remained the least popular food. while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams). By 2004 it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week.www. but much less significantly to just below 50 grams. and make comparisons where relevant. consumption levels were the most stable. The consumption of chicken. the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period. Therefore.
. In the next seven year period. the least (2%) being in Frankfurt. the average house prices fell only in Tokyo by 5% whereas the prices increased in all other four cities. There were considerable variations in the average house prices over the period. Percentage change in average house prices in five cities 1990-2002 compared with 1989 The given column graph illustrates the changes in average house prices in five different cities located in five different countries from 1990 to 2002 as compared to the prices in 1989. In all other cities it was below 5%.K. The increase was most pronounced in London. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. where it was 12%.).S.5% each in Tokyo(Japan) and London(U.) whereas the average house prices increased slightly by 2% and 2. During the period from 1990 to 1995.com 27 Cambridge 7 test 3 The chart below shows information about changes in average house prices in five different cities between 1990 and 2002 compared with the average house prices in 1989. and make comparisons where relevant.www. the average house prices fell significantly by 5% in New York(U. It is clear that the average house prices picked up most in the latter seven years of this 12 year period.blogspot. 7.kiransielts.A.5% in Madrid (Spain) and Frankfurt(Germany) respectively.
nuclear power. had developed into the main source. Other sources were no longer significant. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. The given pie charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000.www. at 126 units. The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power. But by 2000. . Overall.blogspot.kiransielts. it is clear that by 2000 these two countries relied on different principal fuel sources: Australia relied on coal and France on nuclear power. while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. coal was used to produce more than 75% of electricity and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%. Between these years electricity production almost doubled. and make comparisons where relevant. In 1980 in Australia. which was not used at all in Australia. producing almost 75% of electricity. By 2000. with hydro contributing only 5 units. hydro power (each producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units). a total of 100 units of electricity were produced out of which half the amount of electricity was produced from coal and the rest was produced from natural gas. France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980. A negligible amount (2 units each) was produced from oil and natural gas. In contrast. and from 90 to 180 units in France. which was matched by natural gas. rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia.com 28 Cambridge 7 test 4 The pie charts below show units of electricity production by fuel source in Australia and France in 1980 and 2000.
kiransielts. The diagram illustrates how an electronic tracking device can be fitted to someone's clothing or hidden in a bag. A device of this nature could be very effective as a means of tracking and locating someone such as a school child. The location of the device is monitored by satellite. The device is able to provide details such as the name of the street or pinpoint a specific place on a map/screen. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown.blogspot. A message is transmitted from the device to a transmission tower. . It is received and then retransmitted as a text message to a mobile phone indicating exactly where the person is. There are three basic stages to the process. The first stage in the tracking process is to hide the device (the tracker) in an appropriate place such as a bag or the person’s clothing.www. His or her location can also be picked up on a computer / internet website.com 29 GRAPHS FROM IELTS BOOKS Step up to IELTS The pictures below show how someone can be tracked using an electronic tracking device. in order to allow that person to be tracked and located.
The column graph provides an overview of how water is used generally. A.com 30 Step up to IELTS The diagram below contains information about distribution of water usage in Australia and the average household water usage in Australia. Drinking and cooking account for a smaller volume of water consumption than personal hygiene and clothes washing. 45 per cent in fact. while the proportion of water used in industry is approximately 10 per cent. Write a report for a university lecturer………. Distribution of water usage in Australia 50 40 30 20 10 0 Urban usage Irrigation Industry Other Purposes for which water is used ( is shown as percentage of total) B. the two charts provide a useful overview of water use in Australia. . From the chart we can see that by far the largest proportion of domestic water.kiransielts. well over 50% in fact.www. From the column graph we can see that a slightly higher percentage of water goes on irrigation than on urban usage. which together make up about 25%. A very small percentage of water is used for other purposes which are not identified in the chart. goes into gardens and swimming pools. Average household water usage in Australia drinking / cooking washing clothes washing clothes personal hygeine Gardens / swimming pools drinking / cooking Other Other Gardens / swimming pools personal hygeine The given column graph and pie chart relate to different aspects of water consumption in Australia. whereas the pie chart gives a breakdown of household water usage. When read together.blogspot. is far smaller than in either of these other areas..
kiransielts. Sea level is shown as 0 m and the first 200 m below the surface is referred to as the sunlight zone. The first profile provides a cross section of the coast of a continent beneath the surface of the sea. Profile across the sea coast of a continent (not to scale) Depth zones of the ocean The two diagrams illustrate the shape and formation of the land under the sea. This is where the continental shelf ends. and illustrates that the continental shelf goes to a depth of approximately 200 metres below sea level. . The land then drops abruptly to the bottom of the ocean. Below this is the twilight zone. The second diagram focuses on the depth of the ocean and the amount of light that penetrates to the bottom. Almost no light can penetrate this far down. which descends for 800 m. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. with a water temperature of I-2°C. The water temperature shown is approximately 5°C in this zone.www.com 31 Step up to IELTS The diagrams below contain information about land and light penetration under the ocean. which is known as the sea floor. The area between 1000 m and 4000 m is known as the dark zone.blogspot.
where 30. shares were valued at approximately $35.kiransielts.4 per cent of the total volume respectively.7 Two graphs are given. In the year 2000. Europe and Asia purchased 20. A lot of bottles .1 bn) Africa and Middle East. 30. 16. 2000. Form the line graph it is clear that since 1996. Coca-Cola sold a total of 17. 25. They dipped a little in mid-1997 and then peaked at $80 per share in mid-98. 7 Asia. The second largest consumer was Latin America.blogspot. From then until 2000 their value fell consistently but there was a slight rise in mid-2000. however. % of total ( Total 17.5 and 16.www. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. The pie chart shows the worldwide distribution of sales of Coca-Cola in the year 2000 and the line graph shows the change in share prices between 1996 and 2001. This ends my report. In that year. Between 1996 and 1997. prices rose significantly to $70 per share.5 Latin America.4 per cent of the total volume was purchased.com 32 Step up to IELTS The chart and graph below give information about sales and share prices for Coca-Cola.4 Europe.1 billion cases of their fizzy drink product worldwide. .4 North America . while Africa and the Middle East remained fairly small consumers at 7 per cent of the total volume of sales.Coca-Cola's unit case volume by region. share prices for Coca-Cola have fluctuated. 20. The largest consumer was North America.
In 2000.5 billion dollars in 2003. . You should write at least 150 words. Between 2000 and 2003. this figure had risen to a little over 30 billion dollars.kiransielts. The sales of games software also rose during this period. just under 20 billion dollars worth of these items were sold. during the same time period.blogspot.www. It can be seen that the sales of videos / DVDs and games software increasedconsiderably.com 33 Step up to IELTS The chart below gives information about global sales of games software. the sale of CDs fell from 35 billion dollars in 2000 to about 32. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The given column graph shows the sales of video material / DVDs. games software and CDs around the world in billions of dollars from 2000 to 2003. but less sharply. CDs and DVD or video. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. while the sales of CDs went down slightly over the three year period. By contrast. Sales increased from about 13 billion dollars in 2000 to just under 20 billion dollars three years later. but in 2003. the sale of videos and DVDs rose by approximately 13 billion dollars.
29 21 169 14 Jan. The wettest months in both cities are January and October. Describe the charts and make comparisons where relevant. . Melbourne on the other hand experiences colder winters with average minimum temperatures as low as 4°. 27 17 86 11 Apr. It can be seen from the tables that there are some similarities and some differences in the climates. Brisbane. Average yearly temperatures and rainfall for Brisbane and Melbourne in Australia Brisbane climate Max° C Min° C Rainfall mm Rainy days Melbourne climate Max° C Min° C Rainfall mm Rainy days Jan. However. while it has fewer wetter days.kiransielts. we can see from the information provided that Brisbane is warmer than Melbourne although the differences in temperature are not huge. 20 11 57 12 July 21 11 66 7 July 13 4 49 15 Oct. Both Melbourne and Brisbane have good annual rainfall. 26 16 102 10 Oct. Brisbane and Melbourne have similar climates. however.blogspot. 26 14 48 8 Apr.com 34 Step up to IELTS The tables below show average yearly temperatures and rainfall for two cities in Australia. according to the data. even in winter in July. So we can see that the climates of both cities have some similarities and some variations. One interesting point is that the temperature in Brisbane never falls below 11° C. receives almost twice as much rain as Melbourne.www. although neither city has a totally dry season. 20 9 67 14 The given tables compare the average annual temperatures and rainfall for two cities Brisbane and Melbourne in Australia.
The figures show that while the production of oil in Middle Eastern OPEC countries is predicted to increase considerably. most of the world’s oil came from non-OPEC countries. Between 1980 and 2000.www. only two million barrels were produced by OPEC countries. However.kiransielts. a lot more of this oil is expected to come from the Middle Eastern OPEC countries. . Write a report ……. It is predicted that oil production is likely to stabilise between 2010 and 2020. Since then these figures have changed considerably. and under 5 million barrels per day from other areas. it is shown that approximately 10 million has come from Middle Eastern OPEC countries. Between 2000 and 2010.million barrels / day 20 15 10 Non OPEC Other OPEC OPEC Middle east 5 0 1980-2000 2000-2010 2010-2020 The graph gives the past.blogspot.com 35 Step up to IELTS The graph below shows the world oil production since 1980 with a forecast till 2020. oil production elsewhere is likely to fall. while a further 10 million barrels has been provided by other OPEC or non-OPEC countries. present and future data concerning the production of the world’s oil in OPEC and non-OPEC countries. Forecast in the world oil production .
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Therefore the concentration tends to decrease near the saltwater interface and between the areas of high concentration of nitrogen which descend from industry and waste disposal. Nitrogen is also added back to the soil by de-nitrification and degassing of ammonia. The groundwater flows toward the sea and discharges into the ocean in the groundwater discharge zone. Industries add nitrogen through leaks from storage tanks and wastewater ponds. It can be seen from the diagram that nitrogen is oxidised by lightning or fixed by vegetation. .com 36 Prepare for IELTS – AC The following diagram shows nitrogen sources and concentration levels in the groundwater of a coastal city. from household liquid waste. and from landfill. From the water table. This diagram shows the sources and concentration levels of nitrogen in the groundwater of a coastal city. In this way the nitrogen cycle goes on.blogspot. some nitrogen is taken up by soil particles. Domestic wastes and fertilizers used in gardens also add to the nitrogen in the water table.www. and the disposal of waste in landfills may lead to more nitrogen entering the water table. The heaviest concentration of nitrogen comes from industry.kiransielts.
blogspot.com 37 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The table below shows consumer preferences for the features of automatic washing machines in different countries. EXHIBIT ONE: CONSUMER PREFERENCES AS TO AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE FEATURES. In the United Kingdom [UK) and France consumers prefer 34" and narrow shells whereas in Germany and Sweden they prefer 34" and wide shells. The preferred drum material is enamel in the UK and France whereas it is stainless steel in the other countries. the British favouring an inconspicuous appearance. The British and the Swedes opt for a water heating system. 700 rpm [UK]. the washing action. but this is not so elsewhere. The load capacity varies slightly between 5 and 6 kilos. Each country has a different preference for styling features. . The final feature. and the other countries where a tumble action is preferred. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. This ends my report. the Germans requiring a machine which looks indestructible.kiransielts. 800 rpm [Sweden].www. BY COUNTRY FEATURES Shell dimensions UNITED KINGDOM GERMANY FRANCE SWEDEN 34" & narrow Enamel Top 5 kilos 700 rpm Yes Inconspicuous appearance Agitator 34" & wide Stainless steel Front 6 kilos 850 rpm No Indestructible appearance Tumble 34" & narrow Enamel Front 5 kilos 600 rpm No Elegant appearance Agitator 34" & wide Stainless steel Front 6 kilos 800 rpm Yes Strong appearance Tumble [height and width] Drum material Loading Capacity Spin speed Water heating system Styling features Washing action The table shows consumer preferences for washing machines in four different European countries. The preferred spin speed ranges from 850 rpm [Germany]. the French an elegant machine and the Swedes a strong-looking machine. sees a division between the UK and France where consumers prefer an agitator. Consumers in every country except the UK prefer front loading to top loading machines. and make comparisons where relevant. to 600 rpm [France].
The line graph shows the trends in the percentage of GDP between 1986 and 1995. communication Government Employment 77.4% of GDP. and make comparisons where relevant.2% of GDP. industry and services. they produced only 19. Sectoral distribution of employment and GDP.6% 4. recovered in 1993 but fell below 20% in 1995.blogspot.kiransielts.6% 8.9% 1. Industry earned less than 10% of GDP in 1986.com 38 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The following graphs give information about the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment sectors of a developing country.4% 37. and the 15.1% 8. the 3. The first graph reveals that although 77. restaurants.4% 3.2% 15. The second graph shows that the percentage of GDP in the services sector fell steadily from approximately 65% to 53%.6% of the population who worked in industry produced 15. but rose to almost 20% in 1995. but this declined to less than 20% in 1992.4% of the population worked in natural resources in 1992. However. The main economic sectors are natural resources. .7% 3. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.4% 12.www. In 1986 natural resources provided more than 25% of GDP.8% 100% GDP 19.4% 100% Services Other TOTAL The table shows the percentage of people employed in different sectors of the economy in 1992.1992 Natural Resources Industry Trade. hotels Transport. The two graphs reveal that GDP was earned primarily by the service sector.5% 7. and the percentage of GDP which they produced.2% who worked in the service sector produced 58% of GDP.
000 overseas students [around half of whom were new students). This was just 33% of the local total. In 1999 there were approximately 80.blogspot. The two graphs clearly demonstrate increasing demand for Australian university education by overseas students [increasing 400%] with a significantly smaller increase by local students [just 50%J for this period. doubling every five years.000 of these being new students. The local student population was around 600. The trends clearly demonstrate that growth can be expected to continue from overseas students but not for local students. from just under 9. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.kiransielts. The rate of increase in the number of overseas students has been dramatic. It was a significant decline from 50% ten years before. from 1989-1999. in Australian universities.000 out of which approximately 200.000 were new students.www.com 39 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The graphs below show the enrolment of overseas students and local students in Australian universities over a ten year period. The first graph illustrates overseas student enrolments and the second local student enrolments. when the total local student population was 400. and make comparisons where relevant.000 in 1999.000 in 1994 and then over 40. to 20. The first graph clearly shows that new overseas students continue to enrol in Australian universities. .000 in 1999 with just 200. Enrolments 1989-1999 The two graphs show student enrolment trends over a ten-year period.000 in 1989.
Mths. 19. the graphs show that the number of young graduates were threefold more than the number of older graduates.24% law.92% These two pie charts show the differences between two groups of Australians [25 to 34 and 55 to 69 year olds] in terms of their post-school qualifications.54% Education.1% more popular in the 25 to 34 year olds. The biggest gains in graduate numbers were made by Science. were held by 18. Agriculture.800). 18.08% Social Sciences. Comparing the two groups. which was preferred by 19. medicine was lower in popularity by almost 4%. 7.34% Science. 20. Their main fields of study were: Administration. as a group.40% Architecture. 9.98% Social Sciences. the biggest loss was to engineering.48% law. 13. 11. . Computers.800 Australians aged between 55 and 69 hold a degree. and make comparisons where relevant. 2. 14.19%. 2.36% Veterinary. 19.11% Veterinary. 19.48% other. POST SCHOOL QUALIFICATIONS 357. However. 2. Arts.00% Engineering. 1.35% of the younger age group. The younger group is more than three times bigger than the older group [347.www. 3. Mths. Arts.blogspot.27% medicine.10% 104.500 compared to 104.kiransielts. The most striking feature of the pie charts is the huge number of people with qualifications.31% Architecture.19% Engineering. Administration was 4. Agriculture. To sum up.85% Science. 2.17% other. 10.com 40 Prepare for IELTS – AC – Insearch The graphs below show the post-school qualifications held by Australians in the age groups 25 to 34 and 55 to 69.42% Education. Maths and Computers which.76% medicine.27% of the older age group as compared to 9. 2. Some subjects were more popular with the younger age group. 5.500 Australians aged between 25 and 34 hold a degree. architecture and medicine were less popular with younger graduates. Computers. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting main features. 14. Their main fields of study were: Administration.
. continues to decline from week 8 ending at approximately the level in week 2.kiransielts. while ability continues to climb. students' enthusiasm is almost 100 per cent whereas confidence and ability are only slightly above 20 per cent. enthusiasm overtakes ability at about 70 per cent. confidence and ability of students attending a ten week IELTS class.www. however. Overall. Overall it can be seen that ability increases a lot over the ten week period and confidence also increases but enthusiasm drops over the time. both confidence and ability increase. 100 90 80 70 Per cent 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Ability Confidence Enthusiasm2 The given line graph shows the changes in three factors affecting students over a ten week period in an IELTS class. finishing on approximately 85 per cent by the end of week 10. while enthusiasm declines steadily until the sixth week. Between weeks 7 and 8.blogspot. Over the first four weeks. Confidence. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below. whereas ability increases throughout. The most striking point is that at the beginning of the course. Confidence takes a sharp fall but then rises again until week 8.com 41 Ac task 1 High Impact The graph shows typical levels in enthusiasm. confidence and enthusiasm show fluctuations.
Ac task 1 High Impact
The graphs below show three exports from South East Asia and the four sources of revenue for 1970 and 1995. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below.
50 45 40
Exports from South East Asia
Millions of $ US
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 Manufactured products Timber Other raw products
Sources of revenue for South East Asia 1970
Other, 11% Domestic , 33% Tourism, 27%
Sources of revenue for South East Asia 1995
Other, 13% Domestic, 21%
The three graphs present changes in exports and revenue in South East Asia from 1970 to 1995. The line graph shows three different exports, namely manufactured products, timber and other raw materials. From 1970 to 1975, these three exports rose, with timber increasing most dramatically by $20 million US dollars. From 1975, exports from both timber and other raw materials declined whereas exports from manufactured products continued to increase with a peak of approximately $43 million US dollars in 1988. From the pie charts it is clear that the source of revenue from tourism doubled in 1995 as compared to 1970. It was 27% in 1970 and 54% in 1995.However, this was accompanied by a decline of over one third in domestic revenue ( from 33% to 21%). The remaining named source of income, classed as 'other', experienced only a slight increase of 2% over the same period. The revenue from exports decreased markedly from 29% to 12%. In conclusion, it can be observed that while timber and raw material exports fell, revenue from tourism markedly increased.
Ac task 1 High Impact The graph below shows four areas of accommodation status in a major European city from 1970 to 2000.
38 tenants 000s buying/bought landlords 19 Other
0 1970 1980 1990 2000
The graph shows trends in a European city in four different types of accommodation position over a thirty year period. The most striking trend is the overall decline in the number of people having bought or in the process of buying, their own property, falling from approximately 55,000 in 1970 to approximately 15,000 by 1990. There was a slight recovery to about 19,000 by 2000. In contrast, the number of people in the category 'other', increased from 20,000 in 1970 to 35,000 in 1990. However, after that the number of people in this category fell dramatically and reached 19,000 again by 2000. A similar correlation can be observed between the number of tenants and the number of landlords, with nearly 50,000 tenants and just over 10,000 fewer landlords in 1980. From that point to 2000, both numbers declined, although the number of landlords declined at a marginally faster rate. Overall, all categories of accommodation declined over the period, with the sharpest decline coming from those buying a property.
Ac task 1 High Impact
The diagram below shows the process of publishing a book. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below
Author works on manuscript
Author makes revisions
Received by publishing house Assessment Pre-production meetings Publishing schedule established
Production team assembled Book edited and produced in galley stage
Checked by author and editor
First page proofs Checked by author and editor
Second page proofs
Sent to printer
The given flow chart illustrates the process of developing a manuscript into a published book. It is clear from the linear process that many steps are involved in publishing a book. The process begins with the initial writing, which is then sent to a publishing house for assessment. If necessary, the material is then returned for revisions by the writer and this cycle of the process is repeated until it passes the assessment stage. Following that, the project is discussed in pre-production meetings. Once a schedule has been arranged, a team is brought together for production and the work is edited and produced in the galley stage. This goes to the editor and the writer, following which illustrations are commissioned and the work is checked by the author and the editor. This is then converted into first page proofs which are once again checked by both the editor and the author before moving on to second page proofs. The process is concluded when these proofs are sent to the printer. This ends my report.
are favoured by those in the middle category. The graph shows that in this age category.kiransielts. who watch various sports such as soccer. tennis.000 and 10.blogspot. 50 People who regularly watch sporting events Number of people (000s) 40 30 15-25 years old 20 26-40 years old 41 + years 10 0 The column graph illustrates the number of people of different age groups. Of all the sports.com 45 Ac task 1 High Impact The graph shows the most popular sports watched by different age groups in an average European city. closely followed by rugby ( 24.000 viewers respectively). cricket and golf show the widest disparity between the age groups. . with soccer being the sport that draws an almost even number of spectators. particularly in golf and cricket. golf is not watched at all. Soccer attracts the most spectators for this age range. aged between 26 and 40. athletics and cricket in a typical city in Europe. Rugby and athletics. golf. The most notable trend is that people aged between 15 and 25 always rank the lowest regardless of sport. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below. rugby.www. and athletics and cricket are not popular (5.000 and 22. Those people aged 41 or over account for the highest number of spectators of most sports. however. being the clear majority of rugby spectators.000 spectators respectively).
In this occupation. A similar trend can be observed with police officers. with men being absent for nearly twice the number of days. 1998 12 14 10 Days off work 7 Men Women 5 2 1 0 Factory worker Teacher Police officer Fire fighter 4 3 4 The given column graph illustrates the number of days taken off from work. However. For both groups. but still with women taking fewer days off than men. with the most striking difference coming from those employed as fire fighters. in four types of jobs. averaging 14 days in the year compared with four days for women. Men were absent for two days and four days respectively.com 46 Ac task 1 High Impact The chart below shows days taken off work due to stress-related illnesses by job for men and women.www. even in these professions women are better at coping with stress than men and take fewer days off.blogspot. Stress-related absence from work only accounted for one day a year for women in factory positions rising to three for teachers. because of stress related problems among men and women in 1998.kiransielts. . the difference between the sexes was only one day a year. The most obvious point is that men rated higher than women across the chart. The chart illustrates the impact of illness due to stress and its correlation to days absent from work for both sexes. 15 Stress-related illness in four different jobs. The result for factory workers and teachers is not so pointed. On the whole police officers and fire fighters take more days off from work than teachers and factory workers. men took more than three times as many days off.
with those under 15 just one per cent behind. although this figure doubles to eight percent for those just under this age. . The under 15s remain the largest per cent of people who do not know about recycling. The remaining four categories are within a four per cent range. a figure which is four times higher than those aged 41 to 55. those under 15 and over 71 represent the lowest percentage of people that actively recycle. At less than 10 per cent. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below Age groups 5-14 opinion Actively recycle Recycle when they remember Don’t know anything about recycling Prefer not to comment All data is in percentages 15-25 26-40 41-55 56-70 71+ 8 21 52 19 59 20 8 13 48 34 4 14 47 26 7 20 39 16 28 17 8 34 42 16 The table gives opinions on recycling in percentages of people in six different age categories.com 47 AC task 1 High Impact The table below shows the attitudes to recycling of people in different age groups. The remaining age categories vary between just under half to over one-third of people. This figure increases over five-fold to 59 per cent for those aged 15 to 25. Slightly more than a quarter of those aged 56 to 70 know nothing about recycling.kiransielts.blogspot.www. The lowest percentage is those aged 26 to 40. One-fifth of people aged 41 to 55 opt not to give their opinions on recycling.
where figures are over five times higher than those of any other country.com 48 Ac task 1 High Impact The table below shows the production and consumption of natural gas in different countries in 2001.3 500. with 0.9 28. Australia produced nearly one-third more natural gas than it consumed. New Zealand had the lowest consumption and the closest correlation to its production. using nearly 15 times the amount it produced. the rate of both production and consumption was markedly different between them. . In contrast.7 million tonnes less than its production.blogspot. The most striking trend can be seen in The USA.www.1 7.1 30. other countries' production figures are higher than their consumption figures although there are no figures provided for either Japan or South Korea. With the exception of the former Soviet Union.0 97.6 4.0 19. the former Soviet Union accounted for far less production than it consumed.0 5. Although the majority of countries produced more gas than they used in the same year.2 million tonnes excess.9 24.0 The United Kingdom The former Soviet Union The United Arab Emirates Australia Japan New Zealand South Korea China *In millions of tonnes The table provides data about the use and production of natural gas in nine different countries in 2001. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below Country Natural gas consumption and production.3 0. The United Kingdom produced over 10 million tonnes more than it used. twice the excess produced by the United Arab Emirates. 2001 Consumption* Production* The USA 588.4 35.1 68.kiransielts.9 86. China consumed only 0.1 25.9 18.
car. It rose to 25. bicycle and so on.com 49 AC task 1 High Impact The graph shows the number of people using different modes of transport to travel to work in 1990. The number of people who drove to work was dramatically higher than others.000 in 1990. train. the number of people who travelled by train was slightly higher than those who travelled by bus.blogspot. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below. 1990-2000 100 80 60 000s 40 20 0 Bus Car Train Bicycle Walk Other 1990 1995 2000 The given column graph illustrates the number of citizens who used different transportation to work in three separate years. . An insignificant number used other modes of transport not mentioned in the graph.000 in 1995 and then dropped to 20. 1995 and 2000 in Melingen City. In contrast. The number of citizens who went to work by bus was 20. the column graph shows that cars were the most popular form of transport over the three years.000 in 2000. On the whole. The vertical axis represents the number of people in thousands and the horizontal stands for the different modes of transport like bus. The number of people who used bicycle and walking was not very high. 1995 and 2000 in Melingen City. Modes of transport used to travel to work in Melingen City.www. In 1995. The number was approximately 26. namely 1990.kiransielts.000 in 1990. the highest number of people travelled by train.
plan A also has access by train even though the station is half kilometre away and requires crossing a main road. plan A is superior because of the amenities it allows for patients.com 50 Ac task 1 High Impact The diagram below shows two proposed sites for a hospital. . In both plans a proposed site for a hospital has been marked.kiransielts. In plan B there is a mountainous area and a river but these may be less accessible than the park and lake offered in plan A.www. and there are a number of similarities and differences between the proposed sites. Both are situated beside a main road and have a car park although in plan A the car park is slightly further from the suggested site. Added to this. On the other hand. In plan B. whereas in the first plan it continues.blogspot. Overall. both plans have natural features. Which would be better for a hospital. the route of the main road passes much closer to the hospital site which could cause problems due to traffic noise. Around the site. staff and visitors. the main road terminates at the car park.
the consumption of diesel was the same for 51 to 55 age group and the 56 to 60 age group( 7 litres per week). In contrast. The 20 to 25 year age group shows the largest variation in fuel use with leaded petrol consumption being over five times as large as diesel. . Summarise the info……. Overall it can be seen that there is a significant difference in consumption across the age ranges with the middle range using the most fuel.blogspot. the highest being 14 litres of unleaded petrol per week for the 41-45 year age groups.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The bar chart shows the average consumption by car drivers of two types of fuel for a range of different age groups in 2005.. Generally unleaded petrol was consumed at a much higher rate than diesel. In addition. This is a difference of three litres in comparison with diesel.www.kiransielts. for the two oldest age groups the pattern is reversed with the amount of diesel consumed being about 1 litre higher. 14 12 10 Litres per week 8 6 4 2 0 20-25 years 26-30 years 31-35 years 36-40 years 41-45 years 46-50 years 51-55 years 56-60 years Unleaded petrol Diesel 51 Age range in years The given column graph illustrates the average amount of diesel and unleaded petrol consumed in a week for age groups ranging from 20 to 60 years of age.
Japanese and Indian students at North Dean University from 1999 to 2003. enrolments in all the three countries were very similar. A further point of interest is that in 2001. Summarise the information……. 52 120 100 80 Numbers 60 40 20 0 1999 International student enrolment China Japan India 2000 2001 Years 2002 2003 The given line graph illustrates the enrolment of Chinese. the graph highlights a considerable difference between growth of Chinese and Indian enrolments but reduction in Japanese enrolments. Overall.kiransielts. finally dropping again to a low of around 30 in 2003. the average difference being approximately 10 students. However. enrolment of both Chinese and Indian students more than trebled. In contrast.www. Japanese and Indian students who enrolled at North Dean University over a five year period. Numbers then stabilised throughout 2001. Japanese admissions fell substantially with numbers being almost the reverse of those for Chinese students. Chinese numbers increased slightly up to 2002 followed by a sharp growth reaching almost 100 students by 2003. Similarly.blogspot. . During the period. enrolment of Japanese students dropped from a number of over 100 students in 1999 to over 90 in 2000 to just over 40 in 2001. numbers of Indian students showed a steady growth throughout the period from about 10 in 1999 to over 70 in 2003.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book This graph illustrates the number of Chinese.
B and C had similar levels ( between 25% and 28% ). companies A.blogspot. Overall. with C peaking at around 37% and D at 35%.kiransielts. with company D significantly lower at 20 %. training by D fell to a low of about 17% whilst C rose steeply reaching a high of over 35%.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The graph shows the percentage of staff trained by four different companies between 2003 and 2006. In 2003. In contrast C and D showed very different changes. it can be seen that staff training for all four companies increased. 40 35 30 Company A % 25 20 15 10 2003 2004 2005 2006 Company B Company C Company D 53 Staff training provided by four companies The given line graph illustrates the staff trained by four companies for the period 2003 to 2006. Summarise the information……. although following very different trends. In 2003. By 2006.www. A and B showed similar trends rising slightly in 2004. After significant growth by D and a steady decline by C in 2004. falling a little in 2005 with the gap between them gradually increasing. the two companies converged in 2001. ending about 10 % lower than the others. all companies had increased their training with D rising substantially to become the second largest at 35% whilst A grew less. .
Following that.blogspot. Finally. Summarise the information……. The process commences with the demolition of the previous building and the preparation of the ground in order to give a solid base for the new building. Before the property can be furnished it must be decorated. the construction is finished and the new house is ready for sale. It is seen from the graph that several steps are involved in the construction of the straw bale house. work commences on the inside of the house with several steps happening simultaneously. Electric and plumbing work is completed to provide heat.) Furnishing (white goods. curtains etc.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The diagram shows the different stages in the making of a straw bale house.www.kiransielts. At this point. light and water and the house is insulated to reduce energy loss. the roof is installed and the external finish is completed. furniture. entertainment systems) The given flowchart illustrates the different stages in the construction of a straw bale house. After this the bales are positioned and secured. carpet. The next stage in the process is when the structure is inspected by the buildings officer to ensure that safety requirements are met. This step involves painting and carpeting as well as putting up curtains as well as other decorative fittings. . Straw Bale House Construction Previous building demolished and ground prepared Concrete stem wall Straw bales Roof and external finish Internal installation Electrics Plumbing Insulation 54 Structural inspection ( Buildings officer) Decoration (painting.
In marked contrast. Taking nuclear fuel first.kiransielts. In comparison. Generally. a significant amount was produced from other sources with three countries (Britain. Regarding petroleum products. .www.blogspot. Fuel types used to generate electricity (%) Nuclear Coal and lignite Germany 29 50 Britain 23 34 Italy 0 11 Sweden 45 1 Belgium 58 12 Petroleum products 1 2 27 2 2 Hydro and wind 6 2 20 49 2 Other 13 39 42 44 26 The table shows different sources of fuel for producing electricity and their percentage use in five European countries in 2001. hydro and wind reveal another pattern with Sweden producing almost half of the electricity this way (over twice as high as Italy which had the second highest percentage at 20%) Finally. Italy used no nuclear power at all. Italy produced 70% of its electricity from this source. Germany and Britain used this to generate a large proportion of their electricity (50% and 34% respectively). it can be seen that there was a significant variation in which fuels countries used to generate electricity. However. Summarise the info……. Turning to coal and lignite. a much higher percentage than remaining countries. Belgium had the highest percentage with 58% with Sweden second with 45%.. the five European countries showed a significant difference in their patterns of consumption. Italy and Sweden) generating about 40% of their electricity from other fuels. the other countries only generated 2% or less of their electricity from this fuel.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 55 The table below shows the percentage use of four different fuel types to generate electricity in five European countries in 2001. Overall.
Finally. At this point. The mature frog then finds a mate so as to produce eggs and the lifecycle begins again. float on the surface of the pond. the tadpole starts to change into a young frog with a wider mouth. the legs appear in order to prepare the tadpole for its future life on land. Initially. The diagram shows the life cycle of a frog from the egg to the mature frog. . Eventually. The step after this is the emergence of the small tadpole. which are called frogspawn. the frog matures and moves onto the land.kiransielts. Summarise the information …….com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 56 The diagram below shows the life cycle of a frog. As a result of being on land. which has a small body and a long tail. the young frog continues to live in the pond. the tadpole develops and its body enlarges while the tail becomes longer.www. it breathes air it loses its tail. Gradually. the eggs.blogspot. Over time. a reduced tail and bigger legs..
these fossil fuels are burnt so as to provide energy for goods manufacturing. the production of electricity and transport.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 57 The diagram below shows the carbon cycle. Any reduction in trees caused by forest clearance reduces CO2 absorption and adds to global warming. Once the final stage has been completed. Summarise the information…………. carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere which causes pollution and contributes to global warming. The negative effects of this step in the cycle are balanced by the CO2 being absorbed by the trees. The final stage in the process is when trees decay and gradually form back into coal and oil. The diagram shows the different changes carbon goes through as it is transported from fossil fuel to atmospheric gas and back again. To begin with. carbon.blogspot.www. in the form of coal and oil. in fuels such as petrol and diesel. As a result of burning fossil fuels. is extracted from within the earth by mining. After this stage is complete. .kiransielts. the carbon returns to its original state as a fossil fuel and the cycle continues again.
showing a slight increase from about 11 to 12%. Overall it can be seen that U. China. The U. it remained steady throughout the period. represented the second largest percentage.blogspot.S. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. it was equalled by China.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 58 The charts below show the share of global manufacturing and exports for four countries between 1985 and 2005. from 1985 to 2005 in Germany. it had the second largest percentage of manufacturing although by 2005.S.kiransielts. Despite Germany’s manufacturing being the lowest of the countries. it was the country with the greatest growth with manufacturing up from 5% to just under 15% and exports up from 3% to 10%. its exports experienced a steady fall ending as the lowest exporter of the group. remained the largest manufacturer and exporter. however. . China’s manufacturing and exports represented the smallest share of the four countries. had the largest share of global manufacturing and exports although its manufacturing percentage dropped significantly from around 36 % in 1985 to under 24% in 2005. Share of global manufacturing Germany China Japan US 0 10 20 % 30 40 1985 1995 2005 Share of world exports Germany China Japan US 0 5 10 % 15 20 1985 1995 2005 The given bar graphs compare the worldwide manufacturing and exports as a percentage. Japan and the US. In contrast. However. although the steady growth in China was significant.www. However. Its exports. Turning to Japan.
com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The charts below show the work pattern for employees in four industries. . the vast majority of finance staff work at this time (82%) while well under half of retail and transport workers follow this pattern (45% and 39% respectively).. For the finance sector. only a minority work at night (13%. a third of transport staff are employed at night which is almost equal to the number working in the day. finance and retail sector. For the catering. 5% and 4% respectively) In contrast. for catering. the numbers in evening work is approximately the same as those in weekend work. To sum up. retail. evening work is equal in size to the combined total of night and weekend work. Finally. looking at daytime work. Firstly. which is similar to retail staff at 30%. it can be seen that there is a wide variation in work patterns in the four sectors with only the finance sector employing the majority of workers in daytime work.www. transport and finance. 59 Catering Day 21% Evening 31% Day 39% Transport Evening 14% Night 33% Weekend 35% Night 13% Weekend 14% Retail Evening 21% Day 45% Night 4% Finance Night Evening 5% 9% Weekend 4% Day 82% Weekend 30% The given pie charts show the pattern of work for workers employed in four industries which are catering. only slightly over two fifths of catering employees work in the day with 35% working at the weekends. Summarise the information ……………. Conversely.blogspot.kiransielts. transport and retail.
The column graph shows the reasons why men and women chose to work at home in 2005. The pattern is reversed when examining the under 10 hours category with almost three quarters of females working this amount compared to only 2% of the males. Overall. Summarise the info ………………… Main reasons for working at home 2005 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 60 69 65 % Males 26 12 To run own business More flexible 5 Easier childcare 23 Females Hours worked at home . men work longer hours at home. running their own business was the main reason for both males and females (69% and 65% respectively). approximately a quarter of the males put flexibility a reason. To sum up.blogspot. the pattern was different again with almost a quarter of females giving this reason compared with very few males (5%).kiransielts. The vast majority of males worked over 31 hours a week (82%) contrasting with a minority of females (5%) doing similar hours. . it can be seen that men and women do not always give the same reason for home working and in general. which was twice as high as the female response (26% and 12% respectively).com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The diagrams below show the main reasons workers chose to work at home and the hours males and females worked at home for the year 2005. In contrast. The second diagram shows the hours men and women worked at home in 2005.2005 Hrs worked per week Under 10 10-30 31+ Males(%) 2 16 82 Females(%) 73 22 5 A column graph and a table are given. The 10-30 hours category shows fewer marked differences. For childcare.
kiransielts. 61 The given picture show two mobile phones. . The top sections of the phones contain the display and the earphone. Despite the many differences. it can be seen that both function as telephones but the contemporary mobile is much more advanced despite its reduced size. Above this are the control buttons for selecting different functions.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book The illustrations show two stages in the development of the mobile phone. Overall. an early model and a more recent design. It is also under half the weight of the earlier model (150 grams and 70 grams respectively). Another variation is that the contemporary mobile has greater functions and can access e-mail and the internet. However. The main part of both phones is a keypad which is used to enter information. there are several major differences. The much larger colour display is clearly the most useful of these extra functions. both phones show the same basic design principle. The length is reduced by 40mm and width by 10 mm compared to the earlier phone. The most significant difference is that the contemporary model is a folder type phone. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. play music and has a multiplayer game facility as well as a camera with video capability.blogspot.
The skylights maximise the amount of heat and light entering the house and wall insulation prevents this from escaping. The roof covering which reflects heat reduces heat penetration and helps to protect the house from being too hot in the summer. which allows heat to be released. The underground floor is less affected by cold weather as the surrounding earth helps to retain warmth. the underground floor remains cool in the summer months as a result of being protected from the sun’s rays.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 62 The illustration shows a house designed to use energy efficiently all year round. To summarise. . The first floor of the house is situated underground whilst the upper floor consists of a wide low-angled roof. Along the length of this roof are a series of oblong shaped skylights. it can be seen that the house uses design features which maximise heat retention in winter and heat loss in summer. these features function differently and are used to retain heat. the skylights open fully. The house follows a conventional design but with number of innovations. In the summer.blogspot. In the winter.kiransielts. Similarly.
However. building the leisure centre in position B would combine the easiest access for users with low environmental impact. Summarise the information and make comparisons where relevant. If the leisure centre was located in between the factories to the right of the map. Location B is in the middle of the residential area in the top left hand corner of the factories.com IELTS Graduation Student’s Book 63 The map below shows three potential sites for a leisure centre. Also. Overall. the site would not be very attractive. who would create less car pollution as they would not need to drive there although one disadvantage would be problem of congestion if people from out of town used these facilities. The diagram shows a map with three potential sites for a leisure centre. . environmental destruction caused by the construction of this centre. at (A). Turning to location C in the lower left part of the map. but would be easily accessible to the workers. it would have the most attractive setting due to being surrounded by forest. and the ongoing pollution would be major disadvantages. It would be easier access for local residents.kiransielts.blogspot. its proximity to the river would benefit users interested in water sports.
blogspot. minor fluctuations over the period. This number was approximately 5 million in the year 1985 and reached 15 million by the year 1995.kiransielts. reached 6% with some minor ups and downs in between. The column graph shows the number. .com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 64 In this report I am going to describe a column graph and a line graph. however. of Japanese tourists visiting other countries from 1985 to 1995 and the line graph shows the percentage of those Japanese tourists visiting Australia over the same period. It can be concluded that Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market grew comparably over the period. in millions. The column graph clearly shows an upward trend in the number of Japanese tourists. This number also grew three times and by 1995. There were. It is clear from the line graph that Australia got 2% share of Japan’s tourist market. This number trebled over the decade.
hospitals and so on.blogspot. In the first stage the sun’s rays fall on the sea because of which water evaporates and turns into clouds. rain falls and this rain water is collected in a reservoir made by a dam. This dam has a valve opening. from there it is supplied through underground cables to various places like homes. Finally. then the water falls with great pressure on a turbine.com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 65 The given picture graph illustrates the process of hydro-electric power generation. schools. It can be seen from the diagram that four main steps are involved from the collection of water to the supply of electricity. . When this valve is opened. Because of this the turbine rotates and electricity is generated which is then transferred through high-voltage cables and then stored in transformer stations. This ends my report. Then.kiransielts. The water which falls on the turbines is reused by pumping it back to the reservoir.
this number decreased significantly and reached 200. From 1980 to 1984. The number of domestic complaints were approximately 500 in 1980 and after following a similar pattern of increases and decreases ended at 1200 by 1996.kiransielts. It is clear from the graph that. traffic and households in Newtown from 1980-1996. from 1986-1988. From 1984 to 1986.blogspot. These were the only complaints which had a downward trend. Again. This ends my report. the complaints about traffic noise were stable at around 300. Then there was a slight increase till 1988 and this number was a little over 700 by 1988 and then there was a slight fall and by 1996. complaints of households and traffic followed a similar trend although the number of domestic complaints were much higher than those of traffic. .com OFFICIAL MATERIALS TASK 1 66 The given line graph illustrates the number of complaints made about noise from road works. the number of complaints were 700. The complaints against road works stood at above 600 in 1980 and after minor fluctuations reached an all time low of around 90 by 1996. The complaints against factories and road works followed opposite trends. This number increased rapidly to 600 by 1982. There were 400 complaints against factories in 1980. the number of complaints against traffic stabilised and after 1988 there was a rapid increase in this number and it reached 600 by 1996.
blogspot. This process shows that there are many steps involved in the making of the coffee which we buy from the market. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. they are bagged and sent to companies which sell the coffee. In these companies. First.com Achieve IELTS graph The illustrations below show how coffee is sometimes produced. the beans are roasted and packaged for sale to the general public. After this they are stored in a silo before being sent to the mill. Then they are graded for quality as all the beans are not the same. 67 Dry Method of Coffee Production The given diagrams show how coffee is produced. After they are transported to the mill. Once they are graded. . Next. This is the dry method of coffee production. they are laid out in the open and are dried in the sun.kiransielts. they are raked and turned so that they are dried evenly on all sides. the beans are sorted by hand and then cleaned using a sieve. This process can take up to four weeks. they are hulled by a machine so that the outer layers are removed. While they are drying.
The government spent the most money on music in 1995 but the amount spent dropped slightly in 2005. Overall it can be seen that the proportion of money that the government spent on the various Arts changed between 1995 and 2005 but this did not always reflect the number of people who went to the Arts events. However. In 2005. Theatre received a relatively small proportion of money from the government in 1995 and this rose substantially in 2005 to a similar amount as was spent on music. This ends my report. although the number of people participating did rise slightly. theatre. music and literature in the years 1995 and 2005.com Achieve IELTS 68 The charts below show one governments spending on culture and education in 1995 and 2005 and the number of people participating in Arts events in the same years.blogspot. the number of people attending music rose between 1995 and 2005. The amount spent on literature in 1995 and 2005 was more or less the same and this was the least popular art form. .kiransielts. far less money was spent on visual arts than in 1995 and the number of people participating dropped as well. The column graph tells the number of people who participated in the Arts events in the same years. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main events and make comparisons where relevant. Proportional Government Spending on the Arts 1995 visual arts theatre music literature 2005 visual arts theatre music literature Number of People Participating in Arts Events 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 1995 2005 The given pie charts illustrate how a government spent on visual arts. The number of people attending theatre events rose only slightly although this was the second most popular art forms.
476 36-45 15. The vast majority of workers in both the years were in the 26-35 age group.565 86.034 79. .998 112. It is clear from the graph that there were significant changes in the number of people of different age groups working in various sectors.blogspot.544 5.600 6.497 187.303 21. whereas in 2006.375 112.559 115.776 125.409 63.347 118.452 273.878 7.com Achieve IELTS 69 The table below shows the number of people in each age group working in certain sectors in the UK in 1998 and 2006. This ends my report.400 3. numbers did not change much within each category although in 2006 there were fewer workers in the over-56 age group.436 46-55 8.229 21.430 5.466 124.287 800 19.kiransielts.201 12.000 The given table illustrates how many people were employed in certain sectors in the UK in 1998 and in 2006.003 18.607 46.388 4. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. the maximum workers belonged to 36-45 age group. The overall number of people working increased in all age groups except 18-25 group in which there was a slight fall. The technology industry saw enormous changes with the number of workers substantially more than in 1998.555 19. In hotel and catering.888 125. the maximum people working in 1998 were in the age group 18-25.889 454.663 19. In education.300 7. Numbers of People in Each Age Group by Sector (UK) SECTOR hotel and catering building technology education YEAR 1998 2006 1998 2006 1998 2006 1998 2006 18-25 25.647 23.090 54.987 26-35 17.975 56-65 4. The least number of people working was of 56-65 age group.655 3. The building industry had fewer workers overall in 2006 though it retained a similar age profile to that of 1998.352 43.764 18.578 9.
In 2000.blogspot.com Achieve IELTS The charts below show UK and USA energy consumption in 2000 and 2006. . The UK and USA derived their energy from different sources. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main events and make comparisons where relevant.kiransielts. In both years non-renewable sources provided the vast majority of energy in both countries. The usage of nuclear power almost halved in UK in 2006 as compared to 2000. It came down from 14% to 8% in UK and from 8% to 6% in USA. This ends my report. The dependence on other renewable sources was the same in UK in 2006 as in 2000 but in USA the percentage fell slightly. The oil consumption of both countries increased over the years with figures in the UK rising from 28% to 30% and in the USA from 37% to 40%. Energy Consumption 2000 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 oil coal gas nuclear other power renewable sources 70 UK USA Energy Consumption 2006 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 oil coal gas nuclear other power renewable sources UK USA The given column graphs illustrate energy sources in the UK and the USA in 2000 and 2006. both countries were dependent on oil but in 2006 the UK was mainly dependent on gas whereas the USA mainly used oil. The consumption of coal in both countries decreased and that of natural gas increased over the years.
which results in a product that does not separate into milk and cream. . cream. First. the milk is cooled and stored in large. Then. milk is made into various products including cheese. This ends my report. the milk is again cooled and then homogenized. The given diagram illustrates the process of the production of milk. Milk is produced on farms from cows that are usually largely fed on grass. Liquid milk is usually pasteurized in order to kill any bacteria.5 litres to 2 litres. Finally. refrigerated containers. at the dairy. Next. This usually happens twice a day.com 71 IELTS Foundation SB The diagram below shows the process of milk production. Refrigerated tankers collect the milk on a daily basis from many small farms and deliver it to the dairy. these are delivered to supermarkets and shops. This is done by heating it to 72 degrees for a very short time. which could be of various sizes from 0. It can be seen from the picture that seven steps are involved in this process from the milking of cows to the sale in retail stores. butter and liquid milk for drinking. the milk is packaged in plastic containers.kiransielts. using a milking machine. the cows are milked.blogspot. Following this. After this. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. usually about 16 seconds.
There was also a substantial rise in cinema attendance among older people (35 plus). In general cinema attendance increased significantly from 1984 to 2000. from 1999 the trends differed in that 7-14 year olds went to the cinema less frequently while cinema attendance of the 25-44 year olds was on the increase.blogspot. However. The given line graph illustrates the percentage of people of different age groups who attended cinema from 1984 to 2000. and make comparisons where relevant. From 1984 to 2000. Though the figures fluctuated between 1990 and 1995 this age group still went to cinema more than any other age group. Cinema attendance of 7-14 and 25-35 year-olds followed a similar pattern from 1984 to about 1997 which was characterised by a gradual increase until about 1994 followed by a decline after this date. the number of people watching films varied with age.kiransielts. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown. In this case the figures increased over this period from about 2% to over 10%. cinema attendance rose significantly across all age groups. This ends my report. . but the increase was the greatest for the 15-24 age groups which rose from about 18% in 1984 to over 50% in 2000. It can be seen that. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features.com 72 IELTS Foundation The graph below shows cinema attendance by age in Great Britain.
kiransielts. the gum is placed into another container and the desired flavourings. The gum then passes to a different machine which uses rollers to flatten out the gum. This is then strained until all of the liquid has been eliminated.com CAMBRIDGE VOCABULARY The diagram below shows the process of making of chewing gum. 73 The diagram shows how chewing gum is produced. .blogspot. Next. the gum travels along a conveyor belt where it is enclosed in packaging ready for distribution. the pieces of gum are put into a container and heated until they form a single mass. Then the thin sheets of gum are cut into rectangular shapes and broken into separate pieces. Finally. First. So. sweeteners and softeners are added. This mixture is blended until all of the ingredients are mixed together. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process. it can be seen that the process of making the chewing gum involves seven steps from melting to packaging.
depending on what it is going to be used for.kiransielts. This ends my report. . First. 74 per cent of all aluminium cans that are sold are recycled. The cans can now be sold to the public and reused.5 mm and 6 mm. The cans are collected from here and taken to a factory where they are first sorted and then cleaned. The flowchart shows how aluminium cans are recycled. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. It is then rolled out flat to a thickness of between 2. the cans need to be taken to special collection centres instead of being thrown away with the normal refuse.blogspot. The metal is then heated to a high enough temperature to allow the aluminium to melt. Finally. Next. The aluminium is now ready to be recycled into new packaging. the cans are shredded and crushed in a special machine until they form one solid block.com 74 Cambridge vocabulary The flowchart below shows the recycling process of aluminium cans. the new cans are delivered to a soft drinks factory where they are filled. such as drink containers. In the UK.
15 12 % of total population 9 2002 2101 3 6 0 15-24 25-34 35-44 Age group years) 45-54 55-64 The given column graph illustrates the statistics of the population of Australia in 2002 and the predicted figures for 2101. 45-54 and 55-64 will be equal at 12 % each. . In 2002. 45-54 year age group formed 14 % of the population and 55-64 year olds constituted the smallest share of approximately 10%.blogspot. Age groups are plotted on the x-axis and the percentage of people on the y-axis. Just under 15 per cent of population was aged between 15 and 24 while in 2101 this is predicted to drop to approximately 10 per cent.com 75 Cambridge vocabulary The graph below shows the actual population of Australia in 2002 and the projected figures in 2101.kiransielts. This ends my report. The percentage of people aged 15-24 is predicted to fall significantly in this period whereas there will be an increase in population of those aged 55-64. This age group constituted 30 % of the total population. In 2101 it is predicted that the population of 35-44. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. the highest percentage of population was of 25-44 year olds.
The globalisers doubled their annual GDP and there was also a growth in the GDP of the non globalisers.kiransielts. This figure is double that of non-global countries and three times that of countries adopting a global approach to business. Overall it can be seen that the annual GDP growth of ‘wealthy countries’ decreased over the years.com Cambridge Vocabulary 76 The graph below shows the average growth in domestic products in wealthy countries. that of ‘globalisers’ increased and that of ‘non-globalisers’ showed fluctuations. By the 1970s. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. the figures for wealthy countries were the highest at nearly 5% per annum. . In the 1960s. Average annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth 5 4 3 % Wealthy countries Globalisers Non-globalisers 1 2 0 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Globalisers = developing countries adopting a global approach to business Non-globalisers = developing countries adopting a non-global approach to business The given column graph illustrates the average annual GDP growth for three types of countries over a period of 40 years. while the GDP of wealthy countries fell to 3% per year. this trend had changed considerably. countries that have adopted a global approach to business and countries that have not. The GDP of non globalisers fell significantly to below 1% in 1980s and only recovered slightly in 1990s. In the 1980s and 1990s. The GDP figures for globalisers rose significantly throughout this time and by the 1990s reached a little under 5%.blogspot. the downward trend for wealthy countries continued and was 2% by the end of this period. This ends my report.
com Cambridge Vocabulary The graph below shows how much waste is collected and recycled in the US. the amount of waste collected rose steadily while the percentage of waste recycled fell from 32% to 26% in 1995. the amount of waste being produced increased dramatically at around the same time.blogspot. the amount of waste recycled remained fairly static at just over 6%. From 1960 to 1970. Fortunately. However. It is clear from the graph that the amount recycled increased far less as compared to the total waste recovery over the years. recycling gradually increased and by 2005 it had reached the same figure as in 1990. this figure rose significantly from 1970 to 1990 when it peaked at approximately 32% of the total waste collected. this figure is disappointing as compared to the total amount of waste that is thrown away. 77 National Recycling Rates. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. 1960-2005 80 60 mty 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1997 2000 2005 100 90 80 70 60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 Total waste recovery (mty=million tonnes per year) Percent recycling The given line graph shows the amount of garbage collected and recycled annually in America between 1960 and 2005. Following this sharp increase. growing from approximately 10 million tonnes per year to 55 million tonnes within 5 years. This ends my report. . On the other hand.kiransielts. However.
coastal hotel occupancy. Rail travel decreased from about 58% in 1970 to about 25% in 2000. Data is given for city hotel occupancy. the fall was more dramatic for coastal hotel occupancy which reached around 14%. The city hotel occupancy stood at a little over 40% in 1970. It was approximately 40% in 1970 and increased slightly to 42% in 1980 and finally rose dramatically and reached nearly 60% in 2000.com Cambridge Vocabulary 78 The graph below shows the statistics about tourism in a Harbour city. 100 80 60 % city hotel occupancy coastal hotel occupancy 40 adventure tourism rail travel 20 air travel 0 1970 1985 Harbour City Tourism 2000 The given column graph shows the trends in tourism in Harbour City between 1970 and 2000.blogspot. rail travel and air travel. Summarise the information by selecting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. This ends my report. Adventure tourism rose from a low of a little below 20% in 1970 to a peak of 42% in 2000. Both city and coastal hotel occupancy peaked in 1985 at nearly 74 and 82% respectively. .kiransielts. adventure tourism. In contrast air travel became more popular over the years. there was a fall in both. It was approximately twice that of coastal hotel occupancy. In 2000. However.
This number shot up to 50.000. Russian tourists comprised only 20.000 in 1991 and doubled again to more than 100. The second trend is that there was a huge increase in the number of tourists from Russia.000 to 330.000 or less than 5% of visitors. the number of tourists from other countries increased only slightly.000 in 1992.000 tourists in Dubai. . First of all.kiransielts. the number of visitors started to pick up again and reached 1 million in 1994.000 in 1991. or 33%.000 in 1994. Between 1992 and 1994. 1990-1994 Russia Other Total 1991 1992 1993 1994 The given line graph shows the numbers of tourists in hundreds of thousands visiting Dubai between 1990 and 1994.000 in 1991 to 580. the number trebled. of Dubai’s 1 million visitors in 1994. from 550. This was more than double the figure for 1990.blogspot.000 in 1992.com IELTS and TOEFL made easy 79 1200 1000 000s (thousands) 800 600 400 200 0 1990 Tourists in Dubai. In 1990. In 1990 there were a total of 450. In the following two years. the total number of tourists increased rapidly between 1990 and 1994. This ends my report. In comparison. It is clear from the graph that the number of tourists from all countries increased but Russian tourists became more and more important for the tourism industry in Dubai. from 110. This meant that Russian tourists made up one-third. This rose sharply to 625. an increase of more than 30%. and rose slightly again to just under 700.
000 to 80. and make comparisons where relevant. A main road leading from the hills to the coast was also built.000 during the tourist season. Therefore. The original village and those further inland on the hillsides were developed with more homes for the locals and more shops for the tourist trade. Similarly. the local population increased dramatically from only 12. .blogspot.000. large numbers of high-rise hotels were built along the coastline on both sides of the original village. During this period. There was also the capacity to accommodate an extra 50. The two given plans illustrate how a small coastal village in Europe grew into a large tourist centre between 1974 and 2004. but also the surrounding area had been transformed into a well populated tourist resort by 2004. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.com 80 PTP – 2 The diagrams below show the development of a small fishing village and its surrounding area into a large European tourist resort. The harbour and coastal woodlands were replaced by a sandy beach and a golf course for the tourists.kiransielts. vegetable farms for the tourist market were made in place of the olive trees. it can be seen that not only the original village. The figures show that over 30 years.
2000.000.000 and 60. TABLE 1 . The next three years showed decreases. in thousands Year Figure 1992 64 1984 58 1993 66 1985 60 1994 82 1986 40 1995 114 1987 43 1996 102 1988 71 1997 105 1989 80 1998 140 1990 100 1999 158 1991 91 2000 163 The given tables illustrate the predicted figures for UK immigration for the years 1984 to 2000 and the actual UK immigration figures for the same period. The actual immigration figures for the same period were different.1989 and 1990 saw large increases to 80.000.000.kiransielts. the predicted figures being 91.com 81 Help Now graphs Test 6 The tables below show predicted and actual immigration figures for the UK for the years 1984 . This ends my report. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.blogspot.000 respectively.000.000 in the year 2000 although in one year.2000. Immigration for 1984 and 1985 was higher than what was predicted with figures of 58.000 and 97. This predicted figure rose slowly until 1988 and reached 46. The next two years showed a decrease similar to the predictions and then in 1993 immigration rose again. 1996. .Predicted Immigration Figures for UK 1984 . From 1986 to 1990 immigration rose steadily to 100. It continued to rise steadily to 163.2000. The predicted immigration figure for 1984 was 38.000 respectively.Actual Immigration Figures for UK 1984 . in thousands Year Figure 1992 80 1984 38 1993 67 1985 40 1994 80 1986 42 1995 98 1987 45 1996 117 1988 46 1997 121 1989 80 1998 133 1990 97 1999 140 1991 91 2000 148 TABLE 2 . From 1993 to 2000 immigration was predicted to go up steadily finishing at 148.000 for the year 2000.000 and 67. Some years‛ figures were higher and some were lower than what was predicted. The next two years. 80. there was a small dip.000.
This ends my report.blogspot. Jobs as semi professionals were more common for men.com 82 Help Now graphs Test 7 The bar graph below shows the numbers of employed persons by job type and sex for Australia in the year 2003. Three times more men than women were managers in 2003. Finally about 400 000 men were employed as labourers compared to about 290 00 women. Managers Professionals Semi Professionals Tradespersons Males Production Clerical Labourers 0 100 200 300 400 500 000s 600 700 800 900 1000 Females The given bar chart illustrates the types of job that employed men and woman held for the year 2003. There were approximately 600 000 men employed as managers whereas only just under 200 000 women were employed in this capacity. far more men were employed in this profession. The figure for men was approximately 900 000 whereas the figure for women was just over 100 000. There were about 500 000 men employed as semi professionals compared with about 360 000 women. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. Figures are given in hundreds of thousands. As regards tradepersons.kiransielts. Men and women shared professional jobs much more equally. Approximately 640. Figures for jobs in production were similarly mismatched with about 540 000 men and about 100 000 women employed in this field. . Clerical jobs however.000 women were in professional jobs whereas 610. accounted for more women employed than men with approximately 945 000 women and 885 000 men respectively.000 men were in such jobs.
The first pie chart shows that 53% of the Australian population were married in 1999. The second pie chart shows that 41% of the Canadian population in 2000 were married. A higher proportion (46%) were single as compared to the population of Australian singles in 2000.kiransielts.com 83 Help Now graphs Test 8 The two pie charts below show the marital status of Australia’s and Canada’s populations for 1999 and 2000 respectively. This ends my report. Marital Status of Australia's Population. . The first pie chart shows the marital status of the Australian population in 1999. Just 3% of the population were separated but not divorced and finally 1% of the population were involved in a same sex marriage. This number was much less than that of Australia in 1999. 7% of the Australian population in 1999 were widowed and 7% were divorced. The second pie chart shows the marital status of the Canadian population in the year 2000.blogspot. The percentages for divorced. 1999 Marital Status 7% 7% 3%1% Married Never married Widowed 53% Divorced Separated but not divorced Same sex marriage 29% Marital status of Canada's Population. The next highest group was for people who had never been married with 29% of the population. widowed and separated but still married people were slightly lower in Canada with 5%. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. 6% and 2% respectively. 2000 5% 2% 6% legally married 41% Single Widowed 46% Separated but still legally married Two pie charts are given. There is no data for same sex marriages in Canada in 2000.
imports then rose to about $8 billion in 2004.com 84 Help Now graphs Test 9 The two line graphs below show different New Zealand import figures from Australia and Japan. They then dropped to approximately $4 billion in 1999 before rising again to about $6 billion in 2000.blogspot. After that imports from Australia decreased sharply to about £3 billion in 1999 in spite of a small rise in 1998. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below Two line graphs are given. The first line graph shows figures for New Zealand imports from Australia between 1994 and 2004. The second line chart shows figures for New Zealand imports from Japan for the same period. Imports then dropped dramatically to about $3 billion in 2001 and then dropped further to about $2 billion in 2004. Then there was a sharp rise to approximately $7 billion in 2000 and 2001. The imports rose steadily to $5 billion in 1996. .kiransielts. Although there was a dip in 2002 ($5 billion approx). Japanese imports started at $3 billion in 1994 and they rose steadily to just under $7 billion in 1997. This ends my report. The figures are in New Zealand dollars. The first line graph shows that Australian imports into New Zealand stood at $4 billion in 1994.
used and then discarded.com 85 Help Now graphs Test 10 The diagrams below show the process of how uranium is used in the production of nuclear power. Here the uranium is converted into a form that can be used as a fuel in a nuclear power station. old stored fuel that cannot be re-processed is put into stainless steel containers and then buried deep in the ground.kiransielts. Uranium is found under the ground and so it must be mined. Once the mined uranium has been extracted. In this report I am going to describe how uranium is mined. Some of the used fuel can be re-processed and re-used in a power station to produce more electricity. This ends my report. To do this. . Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.blogspot. After the fuel has been used for about four years it is removed from the power station and stored. processed. it is taken to a processing centre. Finally. the uranium is changed into a gas and enriched before it is reformed as U-235 fuel pellets. The fuel pellets are then used in nuclear power stations to provide up to 7 billion kilowatts of electricity from just one station.
350 300 250 Numbers 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1995 2000 Present day circuit training fitness classes swimming racquet sports Numbers of club members participating in different activities .kiransielts. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.1990 to present day .blogspot.com 86 Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows the number of members taking part in different sports activities at Santon Sports Club from 1995 to the present day.
blogspot. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.kiransielts.com 87 Help Now test 5 The diagrams below show how humans and plants interact to produce oxygen and carbon dioxide. .
Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows the percentage of young people taking part in different outdoor sports from 1975 to the present day in the South West of England. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
40 35 30 Percentage 25 20 15 10 5 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Present time biking / roller skating ball games swimming jogging / running
Percentage of young people taking part in different outdoor sports
Scotts Writing task 1 The diagrams below show the growth in population in Australia in 2001. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Population growth in Australia – 2001
Passport to IELTS
The following diagram shows the working of a refrigerator. Describe it in your own words.
blogspot. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant .com 91 MEA The pictures below show the changes that took place at Laguna Beach from 1950 to 1990.kiransielts.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant Use of fossil fuels Climate change Poor harvests disease People move to cities - Not enough jobs Overcrowding Poor housing Only young men People’s expectations .blogspot.kiransielts. where large numbers of people move from rural to urban areas.more money .better lifestyle - Social problems In cities/rural areas .com 92 Focus on skills for IELTS Foundation The chart below shows possible causes of urban drift.
kiransielts. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.980 780 Cargo carried (billions of tons) 22.com 93 IELTS Intensive The table below gives information about rail transport in four countries in 2007.9 UK USA Japan Italy .S Passenger kilometres per head of population 770 80 1.3 27 5. Country Number of people using rail transport (not including metro) 5.blogspot.820 23.2 2. Write at least 150 words.9 0.01 21.
1% 14.900 8.525 31.945 23.440 24.com 94 IELTS Intensive Graphs The table below shows the number of students living in the UK gaining teacher training qualifications in 2005/6 and 2006/7.6% 14. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.4% 23. and make comparisons where relevant Initial Teacher Training (IIT) qualifications obtained 2005/6 and 2006/7.kiransielts.420 6.blogspot. UK Total Female Male %Male 2005/6 Total teaching qualifications obtained PGCE* BEd & other degrees 2006/7 Total teaching qualifications obtained PGCE Bed & other degrees *Postgraduate Certificate in Education 31.8% 27.610 6. and the proportion of male qualifiers.980 1.415 6.5% .125 25.930 24.335 17.065 6.920 8.865 17.485 1.3% 28.085 7.045 23.405 7.
blogspot. Write a report…… .com 95 Exam Question Task 1: The diagram below shows the process of glass recycling.kiransielts.
Visit licence centre Retake written test Fail Complete application form Retake written test Fail Take eye test pass Pay fee Take written test Fail Fail Not applicable Pass Take driving test Get licence .kiransielts.blogspot. Write a report ……………..com 96 IELTS writing test of 25-9-2010 – India The given diagram shows the process of getting a driving licence.
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