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By: Nick Joaquin
She bewitched me and she tortured me. She ate my heart and drank my blood.
To be submitted For Lit 1 to: Prof. Jose Marino Reyes
By Group #8: Jericho Charmaine Reyes Kennedy Pacle Mark Jason Dometita
It also has a sad or an evil side of bitterness and hate.old lady who has gray hair. Characters Main Characters: Agueda a bold and liberated girl unlike girls among her age Badoy Montiya a rich stereotypical. a very curious child like any other child who believes in superstition Anastasia an old lady who is so obedient to her mistress. the story told by Agueda to her daughter and the story told by Don Badoy to his grandson. forceful man intent on proving his machismo Doña Agueda . who regrets the fact that he failed to show his late wife how important she really is to him Minor Characters: Agueda s Daughter a very keen child who is close to her mother Voltaire Don Badoy s grandson. emotional and Resentful Don Badoy Montiya full of sentiment old man. full of sentiments. and believes in superstitious beliefs Girls in the dormitory Plot Man in a tub AHA Experience: The relationship between the characters of the story The story has two parts. Settings Place: In an unnamed place. possibly in a rural area Room with a big hanging mirror Time: May of 1847 Unknown time 1890 Point of View Third Person Point of View (limited) .Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin Theme Love is not just full of happiness.
show me him whose woman I will be After saying the chant. Then suddenly. Certain rites and runes are supposed to enable you at midnight to behold in a mirror the face of the person fated to be yours love. so sadly different from that other face like a white mask. especially the prime. she will see the devil. which will make her see her future husband and if ever it fails. The only similarity between them is how they describe each other as the Witch and the Devil . mirror. This perfectly describes the young protagonist of the story. Agueda went to a dark room with a big hanging mirror to say a chant. But despite his hate... and so sadly altered. The story was told in two parts. Badoy appeared behind her. Agueda s daughter appeared in the story. One May Day eve. Agueda was a beautiful young girl who is bold and liberated unlike most girls her age while the young Badoy was just a typical man of his time who is forceful and full of machismo. proper time to consult oracles. May Day Eve is the magic night. It also shows the comparison of things that are beautiful.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin Short Analysis and Summary: The short story May Day Eve revolves around the meeting of Agueda and Badoy on a faithful May Day eve and their bitter marriage. We could see here that Agueda could have had a bitter marriage life. which is the setting of the story. These made Badoy very furious and sought for revenge. Agueda and Badoy are two completely different people.. told to her by Anastasia. Agueda s daughter noticed that the devil she described was very close to his father. It is revealed that the story was just a story being told by Agueda. Badoy tried to make advances to Agueda that made her mad and bit his fingers. he realized that he had fallen deeply in love with Agueda. Agueda s daughter asked her what she saw and Agueda responded that she saw the Devil. this gives us a hint that Badoy and Agueda eventually got married. On this point. framed in graying hair. luxurious and tempting to the concept of being evil . the story told by Agueda to her daughter and the story told by Don Badoy to his grandson. that fresh young face like a pure mask than she had brought before this mirror one wild May Day midnight years and years ago. hold séances. . Continuing from the story of Agueda. The word May Day means festivities. Mirror. Agueda was described as: she now saw in it was an old face---a hard. vengeful face. . bitter. The month of May symbolizes the early part of one s life. The title of the story May Day Eve can give us a hint of what the story may show us.
the tragedy of the story is then revealed. It was just covered up in the dust of time. But it could also have been the root of the bitterness that concluded their time together. As with Badoy. the heart is distracted. let me see He had curly hair and a scar on his cheek-. the storms break over the hot-ripe orchards and the heart grows old. the memory perishes When Agueda described the devil she saw to her daughter using characteristics her own husband. Perhaps this was because the premise of their love was based only on raging passion and nothing more. the days. they claimed that it was the witch/devil they saw for that was probably how each of them was to each other during their life together. and he was young young! and deliriously in love After the story of Agueda. he illustrated his witch to his grandson with features that were of his wife s. Both Badoy and Agueda perceived their marriage to be a taste of hell. Badoy s heart forgets how much he felt for Agueda. Well. the heart forgets. Instead of admitting that they saw their spouses in the mirror. the walls darken and fall into ruin and decay. long. The old love that was blinded by hatred which brought pain has now resurfaced.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin But Judas! what eyes she had! And what a pretty color she turned when angry! and suddenly realized that he had fallen madly in love with her. This just goes to show how each of them saw their marriage. cobwebs multiply. Their contrasting attributes perhaps were what brought them together. Badoy harked back to the time of the girl who had flamed so vividly in a mirror one wild May Day midnight. But it has been a while and time has healed the wounds of their relationship. The tragedy is how both were not careful enough to mend their drifting marriage. He ached intensely to see her again at once! to touch her hand and her hair. too confused: dust gathers in it. It is good that Badoy can live in the sweet past he and Agueda had but it is sad that Agueda never found out how much she really meant to Badoy all this time. .. the months and the years pile up and pile up till the mind becomes too crowded. it was summer. Badoy had. She died not knowing that what she and Badoy had was real. It was May. after all. summer ends. The love did not go away. while the hours. and May-time passes. But alas. The tragedy is that it is too late. Love cannot be based on passion alone. is evanescent and transitory. long ago and refreshed his memory of how she had bitten his hand an fled which surprised his heart in the instant of falling in love with Agueda. In this point. Passion.
Do any of the characters change in the story? If yes. I chose this because I think this gave the most emotion among all the events in the story. the main characters should have mended their marriage for them to have lived a happy life. How did you feel about this story? Would you recommend it to someone else? Why or why not? I loved the story.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin 10 point Guideline Questions: 1. The way the main characters described each other and the way the author portrayed them helped me figure out this message. How might the story be different if it had had happened somewhere else? (time or place) The story might be not so different if it had happened in a different setting because a failed marriage is just as common anywhere as in the story. what caused the change in the story? I think the only change would be Don Badoy s feelings towards Agueda. from hating. I actually don t want to trade place with anyone because I don t want to experience this tragedy. slowly erasing the intensity of his emotion towards his one true love. If you had been the main character in this story. 5. These were caused by time and the bitterness of their. even if it made me a little sad. 6. to forgetting. . It also has a sad or an evil side of bitterness and hate. which one would it be and why? If I could trade places with one of the characters. What was the theme or the author s message? What events helped you figure out the message? I think that the author s message is that love is not just full of happiness. regret. would you have acted differently? Explain why or why not? If I had been the main character in the story. Would you like to read something else written by this author? Why or Why not? I would really like to read something else by this author because this story is actually very well made and it actually touched me. All of the characters are just simple people and I think none of them did something horrible to any of the other characters in the story. 9. If you could trade places with one of the characters. How are you different from one of the characters? Explain. 3. 2. 8. I think I would not have acted differently knowing my nature. I would want it to be with Badoy simply because of his status in life. What do you think is the best part in the story? Why? I think the best part of the story would be when the old Don Badoy remembered the love that he had lost. Was there a character you didn t like and why? I do not have any character that I didn t like. I am different from Agueda because obviously. The story would only be different if the characters took different actions. But I think. 10. The tragedy in this story is so easy to relate to and I think I would recommend it to someone else because of this. 7. I am not someone who believes in superstitions. reminiscing and lastly. she is a girl and also. then loving. 4.
. He decided to quit after three years of secondary education at the Mapa High School. 2004) was a Filipino writer. Joaquin once wrote: "Nick is so modest.m. . Many of them were published in Manila magazines. and dressing up. to his kin--made a "big howling noise" to announce his arrival. (Associate in Arts) certificate on the strength of his literary talents. He discovered that he could learn more by reading books on his own. awarded him an A.A. He was born "at about 6:00 a. . the UST.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin Introduction to the author Nicomedes Márquez Joaquín (May 4. He likes long walks and wornout shoes.his chief fault is his rabid and insane love for books. He started writing short stories. He thought his teachers didn't know enough. Joaquin was conferred the rank and title of National Artist of the Philippines for Literature. on 04 May 1917. His essay La Naval de Manila (1943) won in a contest sponsored by the Dominicans whose university. medieval and ancient history. he used to make the rounds of the churches when he did not have anything to do or any place to go." He doesn't like fish. he receives daily communion. The moment he emerged from his mother's womb. so humble. and his father's library had many of the books he cared to read. Works y y y y y y y y y May Day Eve (1947) Prose and Poems (1952) The Woman Who had Two Navels (1961) La Naval de Manila and Other Essays (1964) A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino (1966) Tropical Gothic (1972) A Question of Heroes (1977) Joseph Estrada and Other Sketches (1977) Nora Aunor & Other Profiles (1977) y y y y y y y y y Ronnie Poe & Other Silhouettes (1977) Reportage on Lovers (1977) Reportage on Crime (1977) Amalia Fuentes & Other Etchings (1977) Gloria Diaz & Other Delineations (1977) Doveglion & Other Cameos (1977) Language of the Streets and Other Essays (1977) Manila: Sin City and Other Chronicles (1977) Tropical Baroque (1979). and he accepted. and essays in 1934. He is the most anthologized of all Philippine authors. He is a bookworm with a gift of total recall. poems." in Paco. however. so unassuming . the baby Nicomedes--or Onching. He also wrote using the pen name Quijano de Manila. plus the lives of saints. he left the seminary in 1950. the poems of Walter de la Mare and Ruben Dario. He knew his Bible from Genesis to Revelations. Before Intramuros was burned down. Unable to follow the rigid rules imposed upon those studying for the priesthood. Classroom work simply bored him. He read all the fiction he could lay his hands on. Manila. sports. Of him actress-professor Sarah K. 1917 April 29. best known for his short stories and novels in the English language. The Dominicans also offered him a two-year scholarship to the Albert College in Hong Kong. historian and journalist. and a few found their way into foreign journals. Except when his work interferes. That noise still characterizes his arrival at literary soirees.
Mr.A.A. My Manila: A History for the Young (1990). 1976) Harper Publishing Company (New York.E.E. The Quartet of the Tiger Moon: Scenes from the People Power Apocalypse..R. . U. S. Santiago). Guevara Story (1993). Several National Book Awards from the Manila Critics' Circle for The Aquinos of Tarlac: An Essay in History as Three Generations. Rizal in Saga (1996) Awards y y y y y y y y y y y y y y José García Villa's Honor Roll (1940) Philippines Free Press Short Story Contest (1949) Ten Most Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines (TOYM).U. and Jaime Ongpin: The Enigma: The Profile of a Filipino as Manager. the Culture Hero That Was Nicanor Reyes (1995).S. The World of Damian Domingo: 19th Century Manila (co-authored with Luciano P. Culture and History: Occasional Notes on the Process of Philippine Becoming. Write Award (1980) Ramon Magsaysay Award for Literature (1996) Tanglaw ng Lahi Award from the Ateneo de Manila University (1997) Several ESSO Journalism awards.) writing fellowship Stonehill Award for the Novel (1960) Republic Cultural Heritage Award (1961) Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award from the City of Manila (1964) National Artist Award (1976). F. including the highly-covetedJournalist of the Year Award. 1965. Awardee for Literature (1955) Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Literary Awards (1957 1958.M.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin Stories for Groovy Kids (1979) Language of the Street and Other Essays (1980) The Ballad of the Five Battles (1981) The Aquinos of Tarlac: An Essay on History as Three Generations (1983) Almanac for Manileños Cave and Shadows (1983) The Quartet of the Tiger Moon: Scenes from the People Power Apocalypse (1986) y y y y y y y y y y y y y Collected Verse (1987) Culture and History: Occasional Notes on the Process of Philippine Becoming (1988) Manila. The D.
htm http://en.blogspot.com/browse/may http://2.seasite.com/2007/12/some-notes-on-may-day-eve.blogspot.Literary Analysis of ³May Day Eve´ by Nick Joaquin Bibliography: http://pinoylit.html http://dictionary.htm http://www.org/wiki/Nick_Joaquin http://www.htm http://geemiz.edu/Tagalog/Literature/Short%20Stories/May%20Day%20Eve.com/2007/12/more-notes-on-may-day-eve.fi/joaquin.jpg .html http://ithmlit102.blogspot.blogspot.niu.webmanila.wikipedia.reference.bp.kirjasto.com/_Tng3_5tMxHY/TJWug2Qfb2I/AAAAAAAAHJM/4p1v3UHa-04/s1600/mayday-eve-viare-nick-joaq.com/filipinowriters/njoaquin.com/2008/09/may-day-eve-characters.sci.html http://ithmlit102.
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