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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

1

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

7.1 COLUMN C1:

1.40 KN/m 11.00

2.45 WIND LOAD DIAGRAM Axial load is taken from load on piles P25/P26, Page 8 of pile layout design document i)Dead + Live Load Combination: Axial load on the column due to dead load ( 776.82+column wt)) Axial load on the column due to live load Design Axial load on Column Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about X - axis Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about Y- axis Width of column Depth of column eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About X - axis eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About Y - axis As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About X - axis As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About Y - axis Since the condition in 39.3 of IS 456:2000 is satisfied the column is designed as short column Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

808.21 kN 436.98 kN 1830.66 kN 11.00 m 11.00 m 300.00 mm 600.00 mm 10.02 20.02 15.00 30.00

76.89 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50 Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) = 11.00 m Effective length of column = 16.50 m Width of column = 300.00 mm Depth of column = 600.00 mm Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50 Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 415.33 k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00 Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 415.33 kNm Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = 492.22 kNm Pu/bD = 10.17 Mu/bd² = 4.56 From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456 100Asc/bD = 1.802 Area of steel Asc = 3243.51 mm2 Provide 8 No. T25. Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2 Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

2

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T10 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied iii) 300mm Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C. ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination: Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting Intensty of wind Pressure Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column Wind load for metre height of wall Total wind force acting on column Initial Moment due to wind at bottom of column (17.43 * (2.95+11/2)) Axial load on the column due to dead load Axial load on the column due to live load Design Axial load on Column Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000

= = =

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

= = = = = = = = = =

11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 2.78 m 1.58 kN/m 17.43 kN 147.29 kNm 808.21 kN 436.98 kN 1494.23 kN 66.49 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 6 No. T32. Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T16 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T10 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

1.50 12.25 m 18.38 m 300.00 mm 600.00 mm 30.63

420.43 1.00 420.43 kNm

597.17 kNm 8.30 5.53 2.615 4706.43 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

3

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

7.2 COLUMN C2 & C3:

Axial load is taken from load on piles P23/P24, Page 8 of pile layout design document As the difference in axial load on columns C2 & C3 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed. i) Dead + Live Load Combination: Axial load on the column due to dead load (1110.46+column wt) = Axial load on the column due to live load = Design Axial load on Column = Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4) = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 8 No. T25 Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T16 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T8 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T8 Lateral ties at 250 mm C/C. 1193.00 kN 499.38 kN 2469.21 kN 103.71 kNm

1.50 11.00 m 16.50 m 400.00 mm 600.00 mm 27.50

560.20 1.00 560.20 kNm

663.91 kNm 10.29 4.61 1.839 4413.60 mm2

240.00 mm2

400.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

4

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination: Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting = Intensty of wind Pressure = Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = Wind load for metre height of wall = Total wind force acting on column = Initial Moment at bottom of column (33.07 * (2.95+11/2)) = Axial load on the column due to dead load = Axial load on the column due to live load = Design Axial load on Column = Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4 to top of column) = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 10 -T32 Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T16 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T10 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 5.28 m 3.01 kN/m 33.07 kN 279.48 kNm 1193.00 kN 499.38 kN 2030.86 kN 85.30 kNm

1.50 11.00 m 16.50 m 400.00 mm 600.00 mm 27.50

460.75 1.00 460.75 kNm

796.12 kNm 8.46 5.53 2.616 6278.96 mm2

240.00 mm2

400.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

7.3 COLUMN C4 & C8:

5

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

vertical loads are directly transfering to pile caps. Column C4/C8 can be designed as a beam for wind loads.

Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting Intensty of wind Pressure Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column(1.50/2 + 2.90/2) Wind load for metre height of wall Total wind force acting on column Moment at bottom of column (13.79 * (2.45+11/2)) = = = = = = 11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 2.20 m 1.25 kN/m 13.79 kN 109.66 kNm

1.25 KN/m 11.00

2.45

DESIGN FOR BENDING: Factored Bending Moment Total Depth of C4/C8 Width of C4/C8 Clear cover to main reinforcement Diameter of reinforcement bar Effective depth Mu/bd² From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 % Steel Area of steel Provide 3 No. T20 (on each face of C4/C8) DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES: Maximum Shear force due to wind Design Shear force Design shear stress Concrete shear stress (From table 3.8 of BS-8110 part-1 for % steel of 0.38 & grade of conrete M35) vc Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups, Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following: Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(3.4.5.5 of BS 8110 Part-1) Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 12 times diameter of longitudinal bar(3.12.7.1 of BS 8110 Prt-1) Provide T8 - stirrups at 175 c/c. SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT: Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 3.12.11.2.6 of BS 8110 Part-1) The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per clause No. 3.12.5.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 is Provide 2 -T16 on each face

= = = = = = = = =

153.53 KNm 700.00 mm 300.00 mm 50.00 mm 20.00 mm 640.00 mm 1.25 N/mm2 0.369 708.10 mm2

= = = =

13.79 kN 19.31 kN 0.10 N/mm2 0.45 N/mm2

= =

480.00 mm 192.00 mm

= =

200.00 mm 11.42 mm

7.4 COLUMN C5 & C6:

Axial load is taken from load establishment on piles P30/P41, Page 31 of Part-1 of this document. As the difference in axial load on columns C5 & C6 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed. i) Dead + Live Load Combination: Axial load on the column due to dead load (From Page 8 of Part-1 pile layout design document, 925.26+column wt) 967.11 kN = Axial load on the column due to live load = 675.14 kN Design Axial load on Column = 2434.18 kN

6

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of wall W3/W4 to top of column ) = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1) Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 8 - T25 Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T16 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T8 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C. ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination: Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting = Intensty of wind Pressure = Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = Wind load for metre height of wall = Total wind force acting on column = Initial Moment at bottom of column (22.27 * (2.45+11/2)) = Axial load on the column due to dead load = Axial load on the column due to live load = Design Axial load on Column = Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

110.35 kNm

1.50 11.00 m 16.50 m 300.00 mm 700.00 mm 23.57

473.36 1.00 473.36 kNm

583.71 kNm 11.59 3.97 1.449 3042.42 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 4.35 m 2.48 kN/m 27.27 kN 216.83 kNm 967.11 kN 675.14 kN 1970.70 kN 94.27 kNm

7

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1) Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 6 No. T32 + 4 - T16 Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T16 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T10 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

1.50 12.25 m 18.38 m 300.00 mm 700.00 mm 26.25

475.28 1.00 475.28 kNm

735.48 kNm 9.38 5.00 2.163 4542.91 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

8

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

7.5 COLUMN C7 :

i) Dead + Live Load Combination: Axial load on the column due to dead load = Axial load on the column due to live load = Design Axial load on Column = Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column = Effective length of column = Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 6 No. T16. Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T12 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T8 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C. 375.04 kN 186.94 kN 824.16 kN 41.40 kNm

1.50 13.45 m 20.18 m 300.00 mm 700.00 mm 28.82

239.61 1.00 239.61 kNm

281.01 kNm 3.92 1.91 0.587 1232.53 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

**ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
**

Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting Intensty of wind Pressure Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column Wind load for metre height of wall Total wind force acting on column Initial Moment at bottom of column (17.24 * (2.45+11/2)) Axial load on the column due to dead load = = = = = = = 11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 2.75 m 1.57 kN/m 17.24 kN 137.08 kNm 375.04 kN

9

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

Axial load on the column due to live load = Design Axial load on Column = Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column = Effective length of column = Providing 300x600 mm column Width of column = Depth of column = Slenderness ratio for column = Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness: Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero, hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column. Design Moment about major axis = Pu/bD = Mu/bd² = From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD = Area of steel Asc = Provide 6 No. T20. Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = Provide 2 - T12 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T8 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension = ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = iii) 300mm = Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

186.94 kN 674.38 kN 33.88 kNm

1.50 13.45 m 20.18 m 300.00 mm 700.00 mm 28.82

196.07 1.00 196.07 kNm

360.56 kNm 3.21 2.45 0.781 1639.93 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

7.6 COLUMN C9 :

i)Dead + Live Load Combination: Axial load on the column due to dead load(908.54+0.3*0.3*12.3*25) Axial load on the column due to live load(No live load as column is starting from +4.00 m.level) Design Axial load on Column Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase 3.8.2.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB3 to top of column) Effective length of column = = = = 936.22 kN 413.14 kN 1971.73 kN 82.81 kNm

= =

1.50 11.00 m 16.50 m

10

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

Width of column Depth of column Slenderness ratio for column Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max Design Moment about major axis Pu/bD Mu/bd² From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD Area of steel Asc Provide 10-T25 Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) Provide 2 - T12 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T8 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied iii) 300mm Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C. ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination: Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting Intensty of wind Pressure Maximum width of column contributing wind load to column Wind load for metre height of wall Total wind force acting on column Initial Moment at bottom of column Axial load on the column due to dead load Axial load on the column due to live load Design Axial load on Column Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed as a cantilever column. End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000 Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially restrained against roatation but not held in position Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, Actual length of the column Effective length of column Providing 300x600 mm column Width of column Depth of column Slenderness ratio for column

= = =

300.00 mm 600.00 mm 27.50

= = = = = = = =

447.34 1.00 447.34 kNm 530.15 kNm 10.95 4.91 2.075 3734.98 mm2

=

180.00 mm2

= = =

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

= = = = = = = = = =

11.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 2.78 m 1.58 kN/m 17.43 kN 118.53 kNm 936.22 kN 413.14 kN 1619.23 kN 68.01 kNm

= = = = =

1.50 11.00 m 16.50 m 300.00 mm 600.00 mm 27.50

11

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness: As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000 Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max Design Moment about major axis Pu/bD Mu/bd² From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000 100Asc/bD Area of steel Asc Provide 6 No. T32. Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis: As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn. Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) Provide 2 - T12 on each face. Design of Lateral ties: As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more. Provide T10 lateral ties. Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following: i) Least lateral dimension ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied iii) 300mm Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

= = = = = = = =

367.36 1.00 367.36 kNm 509.60 kNm 9.00 4.72 1.919 3453.38 mm2

=

180.00 mm2

= = =

300.00 mm 256.00 mm 300.00 mm

7.7 COLUMN C10

This Column is starting from top of FRW2 i.e., +4.00 m level. Vertical loads from FRW1, and base slabs will not transfer to clumn as these are directly resting on pile cap. Wind load Calculations: Height for which wind is acting Intensty of wind Pressure Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column (5.5+6.4)/2) Wind load for metre height of wall Total wind force acting on column Moment at bottom of column (37.31 * (7/2))

= = = = = =

7.00 m 0.57 kN/sqm 5.95 m 3.39 kN/m 23.74 kN 83.09 kNm

3.39 KN/m 7.00

DESIGN FOR BENDING: Factored Bending Moment Total Depth of C10 Width of C10 Clear cover to main reinforcement Diameter of reinforcement bar Effective depth Mu/bd² From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

= = = = = = =

116.33 KNm 600.00 mm 300.00 mm 50.00 mm 20.00 mm 540.00 mm 1.33 N/mm2

12

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL Rev R.C 0 Designed by Checked by Date Page Area of

% Steel Area of steel Provide 3 No. T16 (on each face) DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES: Maximum Shear force due to wind Design Shear force Design shear stress Concrete shear stress (From Table 19 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.394 & grade of conrete M25) vc Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups, Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following: As per min. shear clause 26.5.1.6 Asv/bSv >= 0.4/0.87*fy Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 300mm(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) As per 16 times diameter of longitudinal bar(26.5.3.2.c.1 of IS IS 456:2000) Provide T8 - stirrups at 200 c/c.

= =

0.394 638.76 mm2

= = = =

23.74 kN 33.24 kN 0.21 N/mm2 0.44 N/mm2

= = = =

302.32 mm 405.00 mm 300.00 mm 256.00 mm

SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT: Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 26.5.1.3 of IS 456:2000) shall not exceed The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per clause No. 26.5.3.1.d of IS 456:2000 is = Provide 2 -T16 on each face

300.00 mm 12.00 mm

13

Infomile Solutions

PROJECT DOC TITLE: DOC. NO: Grade of concrete Fck Grade of steel Fy Clear Cover C 25 415 40 DESIGN OF COLUMNS (UNBRACED) Member information End Reinforcement lex lox Cond. ef. Loads from analysis Initial Moments lex/D loy ley ley/b Pu Mux Muy Mix Miy k 1 Slenderness Moments

Max

kMax

Rev X

Designed XX

Checked XXX

Approved XXX

Page of X X

Department

Total moments k May Mx My

Equivalent Uniaxial Moment Mx' or My' Pu/bd

Column C1

b

D

May ###

mm mm Diamin Diamax 400 600 16 32

m m 5 ### 5.00 ### ###

m m kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m 4.5 ### ### 499.4 200.0 450.0 200.0 450.0

###

###

kNm kNm Pu/bDfcu ### ### ### 0.08

kNm kN/mm2 β ### #VALUE! 2.08 #VALUE!

Reinforcement Mx'/bd2 % steel Asc or My'/Db2 mm2 1.80 4320

Lateral Ties Dia 8 Sv 256

b=Breadth of column

ley/b=Slenderness Ratio about Y Axis

X- Major Axis Y-Minor Axis Y

Mx=Ultimate design moment about X axis k=Multiplication factor as per CL.39.7.1.1 Max=Slenderness Moment about X axis My=Ultimate design moment about Y axis kMax=Deflection of column about X Asc=Area of steel axis May=Slenderness Moment Y minor axis Sv=Spacing of ties kMay=Deflection of column about Y M=Total moment axis Maddx=Moment about X axis due to Mx'=Effective uniaxial design ultimate moment about X axis Slenderness

My Pu=Axial Load D=Depth of column ef= Effective length Factor Mux=Moment due to Design ultimate loads about X Axis lox= Clear height between end restraints about X Axis due to Design ultimate loads about Y Axis Muy=Moment lex=Effective length of the column aboutMixAxis X =Initial moment due to min.eccen.about X Axis Mx Miy=Initial moment due to min.eccen.about Y Axis Diamin=Min. Diameter loy= Clear height between end restraints about Yaxis ley=Effective length of the column aboutDiamax=Max. Diameter Yaxis X lex/D=Slenderness Ratio about X Axis

h

Maddy=Moment about Y axis due to My'=Effective uniaxial design ultimate moment about y axis Slenderness d= effective depth of section

b

Worksheet for Column Design as per IS 456

Worksheet for Column Design as per IS 456

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