l P p h eqP p h

tu vkna ksyukas dk jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk

tuojh 2012

& yksd jktuhfr ep
a ,d oSdfYid jktuhfr dks
[kMk+ djus gsrq izfrc) gS] ftldk bl ns'k esa
lfa o/kku esa ijw k Hkjkslk gks rFkk tks Hkz"V&vkijkf/kd
xBtksM+ dk eqdkcyk Hkh djus dks rS;kj gks &

2012 m-iz- fo/kku lHkk pquko esa
yksd jktuhfr eap ds mEehnokj

• fiijkbp] xkjs [kiqj] lR;sUnz ;kno]
lektoknh tu ifj"kn] 9795750713

• cYs Fkjk jkM
s ] cfy;k% ftrsUnz R;kxh]
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• okjk.klh dS.V% vQykru
w nslkbZ]
lektoknh tu ifj"kn] 0542 2575063

• okjk.klh mRrjh% vuhrk JhokLro]9452561486
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 eqgky
s h]lhrkiqj% nsos'k iVsy]9455037799
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a h] 9807289239] y[kuÅ% nos 's k iVy
s ]
9455037799] 9235977799] pqUuhyky] 9839422521] eqUukyky]
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lna hi ik.M;
s ] 0522 2347365] vthr >k] fnYyh] 09868920697

2 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

fo"k; lwph
1- Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj jktuhfrd cnyko---------------- 3
2- fu.kZ; [kqyh cSBd esa ywWaxh% jenbZ--------------- 6
3- yksdra= vkSj jktuhfr ij fu;a=.k--------------8
4- tu&fojks/kh ^dkjiksjsV* jktuhfr-----------------10
5- fdlku [kRe fd;k tk jgk gS----------------------12
6- efgyk vlekurk vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj-------------------15
7- dSQh vkt+eh dh ;kn esa--------------------------------17
8- ljdkjh deZpkjh D;ksa ?kwl ekWaxrs gSa\---------19
9- iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡------------------------------------20
10- vkxkeh dk;Zdze---------------------------------------------22
11- yksd jktuhfr eap dh vkpkj lafgrk------23
12-yksd jktuhfr eap dh oSdfYid jktuhfr--24

Hkz"Vkpkj ds fujkdj.k
ds fy, jktuhfrd
cnyko t:jh

lPph eqPph

o"kZ 11% vad 1

tuojh 2012

lEiknd e.My
,l-vkj-nkjkiqjh 9415164845
ukxs'k f=ikBh 9452112004
vjfoUn ewfrZ 9839835032
jksek 9415233583
jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
QSDl% 0522&2358230
lykgdkj e.My
es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro]
;ksxsUnz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu]
uhykHk feJ] vthr lkgh] ts-ih- flag] MkW- lquhye~
O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ%
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016-m0iz0
Qksu% 0522&2347365] 9839073355
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
foKkiu% nsos'k iVsy 9919841007
forj.k% oYyHkkpk;Z] iznhi flag
^ysvkmV] fMt+kbu] izdk'ku*%
lh-,u-,l- www.citizen-news.org
lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k euhvkMZj }kjk O;oLFkkidh;
irs ij HkstsaA

v..kk gtkjs ds usr`Ro esa pyus
okys vkanksyu ls yksxksa dh mEehnsa cgqr
c<+ xbZa gSaA bl vkanksyu dks O;kid
tu leFkZu feyus ds ihNs ,d cM+k
dkj.k jgk yksxksa dk Hkz"Vkpkj ds
f[kykQ vkdzk's kA lkekU; yksx Hkz"Vkpkj
ls brus ihfM+r gSa fd tSls gh mUgsa
v..kk ds vkanksyu esa bldk lek/kku
fn[kkbZ iM+k mUgksaus bl vkanksyu dks
gkFkksa gkFk ys fy;kA
fdUrq D;k okdbZ ,d yksdiky
dkuwu cu tkus Hkj ls Hkz"Vkpkj [kRe
gks tk,xk\ bl ns'k esa fdl dkuwu dk
dM+kbZ ls ikyu gks ikrk gS\ D;k dkuwu
ls cpus dk dksbZ u dksbZ jkLrk fufgr
LokFkZ okys [kkst ugha ysrs\ D;k bldh
lEHkkouk ugha gS fd U;k;ikfydk dh
rjg yksdiky Hkh Hkz"V gks tk,\
fQygky
yksdiky dkuwu
lEHkkouk Hkh ugha
okeiaFkh nyksa dks

rks ,d etcwr
cu tk,xk bldh
fn[kkbZ iM+rh D;ksfa d
NksM+ 'kk;n dksbZ ny

;g ugha pkgrk fd Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ
dksbZ dM+k dkuwu cusA muds laln esa
yksdiky fo/ks;d ij #[k ls ;g ckr
lkQ gSA vkf[kj tks yksx Hkz"Vkpkj ds
iSls ls pquko thr dj vk, gSa os dSls
vius iSjksa ij dqYgkM+h ekj ysx
a s\ orZeku
jktuhfrd ra= dk foRrh; iks"k.k
Hkz"Vkpkj ds iSls ls gksrk gS ;g vc
dksbZ fNih ckr ugha gSA ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj
lekIr gks x;k rks vkt dh rkjh[k esa
tks lkaln pqus x, gSa muds vfLrRo dk
ladV [kM+k gks tk,xkA muesa ls
T;knkrj yksx pquko ugha thr ik,axsA
vkf[kj rhu lkS ls Åij djksM+ifr vkSj
Ms<+ lkS ls Åij vkijkf/kd i`"BHkwfe ds
lkaln bl ns'k ds lkekU; yksxksa dk
izfrfuf/kRo rks djrs ugha\ ;s lkekU;
rjhds ls ;k lgt :i ls pquko thr
dj vk, gq, yksx ugha gSaA bUgksaus iSls
ds cy ij ;k dksbZ u dksbZ xSj dkuwuh
rjhdksa dk bLrseky dj vius er izkIr
fd, gSaA ;gh jktuhfrd Hkz"Vkpkj dk
ewy dkj.k gSA
bl Hkz"V jktuhfr ftlij vc
vkijkf/kd fdLe ds yksxksa dk dCtk gS
ds fodYi dks [kM+k fd, cxSj HkzLVkpkj
[kRe dj ikuk vlEHko gSA oSdfYid
jktuhfr dk Lo:i D;k gksxk\
lcls igys rks jktuhfr esa ,sls
yksxksa dks vkuk gksxk ftudh thou
'kSyh fn[kkos ls nwj gksA tks de iSls esa
pquko yM+ ldsaA pquko vk;ksx }kjk r;
dh xbZ [kpZ dh lhek Hkh dkQh vf/kd
gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, fo/kku lHkk pquko
esa [kpZ dh lhek #- 16 yk[k gSA dkSu
lkekU; O;fDr bruk iSlk [kpZ dj
4 | lPph eqPph

orZeku jktuhfrd ra= dk
foRrh; iks"k.k Hkz"Vkpkj ds iSls
ls gksrk gS ;g vc dksbZ fNih
ckr ugha gSA ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj
lekIr gks x;k rks vkt dh
rkjh[k esa tks lkaln pqus x,
gSa muds vfLrRo dk ladV
[kM+k gks tk,xkA muesa ls
T;knkrj yksx pquko ugha
thr ik,axsA
ldrk gS\ pquko thrus ds ckn
mEehnokj dh thou 'kSyh esa dksbZ cM+k
ifjorZu ugha vkuk pkfg,A ;fn mldk
thou [kphZyk gks tkrk gS rks ;g r;
gS fd og tu izfrfuf/k Hkz"Vkpkj ls gh
viuh t:jr iwjh djsxkA lqj{kk ds
fy, mls gfFk;kj j[kus dh t:jr ugha
gksuh pkfg,A vlyh tu izfrfuf/k rks
og gS ftls ml turk ds chp tkdj
rks vkSj lqjf{kr eglwl djuk pkfg,
ftlus mls pquk gSA oSls Hkh dbZ cM+s
jktusrkvksa dh gR;k us ;g fn[kk fn;k
gS fd gfFk;kjksa ls euq"; dh lqj{kk ugha
gksrhA
jktuhfr djus okyk O;fDr
tehuh dk;ZdrkZ Hkh gksuk pkfg,] rHkh
og turk dk nq[k&nnZ Hkyh Hkkafr
le> ik,xkA turk dh ml rd lh/kh
igqap gksuh pkfg,A turk dks ,slk

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

yxuk pkfg, fd mldk tu izfrfuf/k
mlh ds chp dk O;fDr gSA dksbZ Hkh
fu.kZ; ysus ls igys] [kkldj ns'k ds
fy, uhfr;ka cukus oDr mls turk ls
lykg e'kfojk djuk pkfg,A vius ny
;k ny ds usrk dh ckr ekuus dh
etcwjh ugha gksuh pkfg,A ;g
yksdrkaf=d Hkkouk ds vuq:i ugha gSA
mlds thou esa iw.kZ ikjnf'kZrk gksuh
pkfg,A

Hkz"Vkpkj dgrs gSaA ;fn Lokeh vfXuos'k
dh ,d xYrh ij mUgsa vkanksyu ls
vyx fd;k tk ldrk Fkk rks fdj.k
csnh dks D;ksa ugha fd;k x;k\ D;k ;g
ekuk tk, fd v..kk gtkjs dk vkanksyu
Hkh dqN gn rd Hkz"Vkpkj cjnkLr dj
ldrk gS\ D;ksfa d yksx dgrs gSa fd vc
;g gekjs [kwu esa cl x;k gSA ;kuh
vki dqN Hkh dj ysa ;g [kRe ugha gks
ldrkA

v..kk
gtkjs
dk
vkanksyu ;g rks dg jgk gS fd
dkaxzsl dks er u nks fdUrq ;g
ugha crk jgk fd fdls er
nksA fQj dkaxzsl ds fodYi esa
tks thr dj vk,xk] og rks
vU; fdlh eq[; /kkjk ds ny
dk gh lnL; gksxkA tc lkjs
ny Hkz"Vkpkj ds iSlksa ij
jktuhfr djrs gSa rks dksbZ vkSj
Hkz"V dkaxzsl ls csgs rj dSls gks
ldrk gS\ vly esa gesa dkaxzsl
dk fodYi ugha cfYd Hkz"Vkpkj
dk fodYi pkfg,A

ysfdu fQj loky ;g mBrk gS
fd ;g vkanksyu gh D;ksa pyk;k tk jgk
gS\ ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj dks [kRe djuk gS rks
fQj mlesa dksbZ xqatkb'k ugha NksM+h tk
ldrhA Hkz"Vkpkj NksVk gks ;k cM+k mls
fdlh Hkh rjhds ls tk;t ugha Bgjk;k
tk ldrk gSA ;g dguk fd fdj.k csnh
us izkIr vfrfjDr /ku lkekftd dkeksa
esa yxk;k Hkh dksbZ etcwr nyhy ugha
gSA gjsd Hkz"Vkpkj djus okyk O;fDr
dqN de dqN T;knk gn rd mls
tk;t Bgjkus okyk rdZ <wa< gh ysxkA

;gha v..kk gtkjs dk vkanksyu
xYrh dj jgk gSA tc vki Hkz"Vkpkj
dk fodYi [kM+k djus dh dksf'k'k djsx
a s
rks fdj.k csnh mldk fgLlk ugha gks
ldrhaA fdj.k csnh ds tks dkjukes
lkeus vk, gSa mUgsa dSls tk;t Bgjk;k
tk ldrk gS\ djuk dqN vyx vkSj
dkxt ij dqN vkSj fn[kuk] bls gh rks
5 | lPph eqPph

iwjh laLd`fr gh cnyuh iM+x
s hA
;fn [kwu esa Hkz"Vkpkj lek x;k gS rks
mls dSalj eku dj iwjk [kwu gh cnyuk
iM+sxkA ;g ifjorZu jktuhfrd gh gksuk
iM+sxk D;ksafd ogha bldh tM+ gSA ;fn
jktusrk pkg yssx
a s rks ukSdj'kkgh dk
Hkz"Vkpkj Hkh jksdk tk ldrk gS gykafd
dqN yksxksa dk ekuuk gS fd ukSdj'kkgh
T;knk Hkz"V gS D;ksagh mls gh Hkz"Vkpkj
ds rjhds ekywe gSA [kSj ekgkSy cnysxk
rks yksx Hkh cnysx
a s ,slh ge mEehn dj
ldrs gSaA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

& MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
tuojh 2012

fu.kZ; [kqyh cSBd esa ywWaxh%
jenbZ] l.Mhyk] gjnksbZ ls izR;k'kh

jenbZ] ,d nfyr efgyk gSa tks yksd
jktuhfr eap dh vksj ls laMhyk] gjnksbZ
ls 2012 fo/kku lHkk çR;k'kh gSaA
jenbZ us crk;k fd ljdkj ds [kk|Uu
dk;ZØeksa & lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh]
e/;kag Hkkstu o vkaxuokM+h & dks ns[ksa
rks dkQh dksf'k'kksa ds ckotwn budh
xq.koÙkk ,d gn ls T;knk lq/kkj ikuk
eqf'dy gksrk gSA ;s ljdkj ds vU;
dk;ZØeksa dh rjg cqjh rjg Hkz"Vkpkj
dk f'kdkj gks x, gSa vkSj buds fy,
dksbZ xq.koÙkk dh ftEesnkjh ysus dks
rS;kj ugha gSA ;s eku fy;k x;k gS fd

ljdkj dk iSlk gS rks nq#i;ksx rks
gksuk gh gSA
mÙkj çns'k ds gjnksbZ ftys ds
vrjkSyh&Hkjkou {ks= ds ykyiqj xkao esa
fLFkr vk'kk vkJe ij blhfy, ,d
yaxj vkjaHk gqvk ftldk leUo;u
jenbZ djrh gSaA çfrfnu yxHkx
․å&․‡ yksx bl yaxj esa Hkkstu djrs
gSaA
jenbZ ds rhu NksVs&NksVs cPps gSa] ifr
o"kksaZ igys thfor ugha jgs] vkSj dksbZ
vkfFkZd tek&iw¡th Hkh ugha gS- rc ls
jenbZ etnwjh vkfn dj ds fdlh rjg

mÙkj çns'k ds gjnksbZ ftys ds vrjkSyh&Hkjkou {ks= ds
ykyiqj xkao esa fLFkr vk'kk vkJe ij blhfy, ,d yaxj
vkjaHk gqvk ftldk leUo;u jenbZ djrh gSaA çfrfnu
yxHkx ․å&․‡ yksx bl yaxj esa Hkkstu djrs gSaA
ls thou&;kiu dj jgh gSa vkSj vk'kk
vkJe ls Hkh tqM+h jgh gSajenbZ crkrh gSa fd xkoa ds yksx dgrs
gSa fd jenbZ ds ikl u rks ?kj gS u
laifÙk] rc oks dSls pquko yM+us tk jgh
gSa\
jenbZ us thou esa dbZ ijs'kkfu;k¡ >syhçfØ;k&rgr fuosnu fd;s jenbZ dks „
lky ls vf/kd vof/k gks x;h gS ij
mudks vcrd fo/kok isa'ku ugha feyh
gS- xkoa esa

de&ls&de ƒ‡ ,sls ekeys gSa tgka
yksxksa dks isa'ku ugha fey jgh gS- mlh
rjg] bafnjk vkokl] ukys] [kMats] vkfn
tSls xkoa ds fodkl ls tqM+s eqíksa ij Hkh
jenbZ dkjokbZ pkgrh gSa- jenbZ dgrh
gSa fd oks vxj thr x;ha rks lc fu.kZ;
oks [kqyh cSBd esa gh ysaxh ftlesa xkoa
vkSj {ks= ds lHkh yksx Hkkx ys ldsa- osa
dgrh gSa fd lc yksx tc leFkZu nsx
a s
rc gh oks dk;Z dj ik,axh& lh-,u-,lhindi.citizen-news.org

çfØ;k&rgr fuosnu fd;s jenbZ dks „ lky ls
vf/kd vof/k gks x;h gS ij mudks vcrd fo/kok
is'a ku ugha feyh gS- xkoa esa de&ls&de ƒ‡ ,sls
ekeys gSa tgka yksxksa dks is'a ku ugha fey jgh gS mlh rjg] bafnjk vkokl] ukys] [kMats] vkfn tSls
xkoa ds fodkl ls tqM+s eqíksa ij Hkh jenbZ dkjokbZ
pkgrh gSa- jenbZ dgrh gSa fd oks vxj thr x;ha
rks lc fu.kZ; oks [kqyh cSBd esa gh ysx
a h ftlesa
xkoa vkSj {ks= ds lHkh yksx Hkkx ys ldsa-

7 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

yksdra= dk eryc gksrk gS yksxksa
dk jktuhfr ij fu;a=.k% vthr >k
MkW- vthr >k] çksQl
s j] bfrgkl] fnYyh
fo'ofo|ky; ,oa lnL;] yksd jktuhfr
eap v/;{kh; eaMy] y[kuÅ esa 7
tuojh dks gq;h yksd jktuhfr eap dh
cSBd esa Hkkx ys jgs FksA
vthr th us dgk fd jktuhfr esa yksd
dk egRo ges'kk ls ugha jgk gSA
jktuhfr gfFk;kj ls jgh gS] tks gfFk;kj
ij dCtk dj ldrs Fks] oks jktuhfr ij
dCtk djrs jgsA jk"Vªh; vktknh dh
yM+kbZ vkSj ns'k esa yksdra= LFkkfir
djus dh yM+kbZ nksuksa Hkkjr esa vktknh
ls iwoZ ,d lkFk gqbZaA M‚ >k us dgk fd
lkjs nqfu;k esa ;s ugha gqvk] Hkkjr esa
turk dh vktknh vkSj yksdra= nksuksa
lkFk vk;s gSaA
vthr th us dgk fd vktknh ds
i'pkr~ dkaxzsl dk lÙkk dk i{k gkoh
gksus yxk vkSj tu vkUnksyu dk i{k
detksj gksrk pyk x;kA lu ƒ‥․å ds
ckn ;fn ns[kk tk,] rks lHkh eq[; /kjk
dh jktuhfr ikfVZ;k¡ ;k rks çns'k esa ;k
fQj jk"Vªh;&Lrj ij lÙkk esa jgh gSaA
bldk vuqHko vPNk ugha jgk gS] vkSj
oks tekr ftuds cy ij oks lÙkk esa
vkbZ Fkha] muds fy;s Hkh fujk'kktud gh
jgk gSA

8 | lPph eqPph

vthr th us dgk fd tks vkt
jktuhfr dj jgs gSa] oks flQZ lÙkk ij
dkfct gks dj vius Qk;ns ds fy;s tks
dj ldrs gSa] oks dj jgs gSaA vktknh ls
igys egkRek xk¡/kh ,oa M‚å chåvkjå
vkacM
s dj ds usr`Ro esa tu&vkUnksyu
,oa jktuhfr ,d gks x;h FkhA vktknh
ds i'pkr~ jktuhfr dh vlQyrk dh
otg ls gh tu&vkUnksyu c<+us yxs
gSaA jktuhfr vkSj tu&vkUnksyu dk
Hksn vPNk ugha gSA tu&vkUnksyu dh
jktuhfr djus ds fcuk ;s visf{kr
cnyko laHko ugha gSA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

vDlj yksx ç'u djrs gSa fd gekjs ikl
bruh 'kfä ugha gS fd ge jktuhfrd
eSnku esa dwnsA vthr th dk dguk gS
fd ;g ç'u udyh gSA la?k"kZ cuke
jktuhfr dk elyk ugha gS gekjs lkeus]
dguk gS M‚ >k dkA vktknh ds igys
Hkh tc egkRek xk¡/kh ,oa M‚å chåjå
vkacM
s dj dk usr`Ro vk;k Fkk rc
lkekftd dk;Z ,oa jktuhfrd dk;Z esa
QdZ ugha jgk Fkk] vkSj yksxksa dks
,glkl gks x;k Fkk fd ,slk loky fd
^jktuhfr cuke la?k"kZ* udyh gSaA
vthr th dk dguk gS fd turk [kqn
dks laxfBr dj jgh gS] turk dh gh
jktuhfr gS] vkSj turk gh la?k"kZjr gSA
yksdra= dk eryc gksrk gS yksxksa dk
jktuhfr ij fu;a=.kA
laln vkSj fo/kku lHkk,a tks gSa oks
yksdrkfU=d rjhds ls pquh rks x;h gSa
ij turk dh Hkkoukvksa vkSj t:jrksa
dk] çfrfcEc ugha djrh- rks dbZ ckj
cgqr cM+h rkdrksa dks Hkh grk'kk gksrh gSvthr th us dgk fd nwljh rjQ]
lekt esa vkSj jktuhfr esa] laln vkSj
fo/kku lHkkvksa ds ckgj] dHkh Hkh ,slh
grk'kk dh fLFkfr ugha jgh gS] ges'kk
yxkrkj la?k"kZ vkSj vkUnksyu pyrs jgrs
gSa- ,d vkSj igyq gS fd la?k"kZ vkSj

vkUnksyu dk ,d cgqr cM+k fgLlk
pquko ls nwj Hkkxrk jgk gS- pquko esa
Hkkxhnkjh ugha djuk pkgrk jgk gS] vkSj
oks bldks çHkkoghu le>rk jgk gSvthr th us dgk fd vc ;g cnyko
vk;k gS fd la?k"kksZa vkSj vkanksyuksa dk
,d cgqr fgLlk ;g ekuus yxk gS fd
pqukoh gLr{ksi Hkh t:jh gS pkgs blesa
ftruk Hkh le; yxs vkSj blesa gekjh
fgLlsnkjh t:j gksuh pkfg,gesa vusd ekspkZ] ny] eap vfn ns[kus
dks feyrs gSa tks oSdfYid jktuhfr dh
ckr j[krs gSa- tu&i{kh; jktuhfrd
lewgksa esa rkyesy vkSj ,drk T;knk gks
vkSj pquko esa gLr{ksi rkyesy ds lkFk
T;knk ls T;knk gks] ,slk vthr th dk
ekuuk gSy[kuÅ dh ‣ tuojh cSBd dk ;g
edln ugha Fkk fd mÙkj çns'k esa tks
Hkh tu&i{kh; jktuhfr djs oks yksd
jktuhfr eap dk fgLlk gks] cfYd ;g
vf/kd t:jh gS fd vf/kd ls vf/kd
yksx jktuhfr tu&i{k esa djsa- mldk
vk/kkj D;k gksxk] U;wure 'krsZ D;k
gksx
a h] vkSj fdu yksxksa ds lkFk yksd
jktuhfr eap dk rkyesy gks ldrk gS
bl ckr ij Hkh ppZk gq;hA ¼lh-,u-,l-½

vDlj yksx ç'u djrs gSa fd gekjs ikl bruh 'kfä ugha gS fd ge
jktuhfrd eSnku esa dwnAs vthr th dk dguk gS fd ;g ç'u udyh gSA
vktknh ds igys Hkh tc egkRek xk¡/kh ,oa M‚å chåvkjå vkacsMdj dk usr`Ro
vk;k Fkk rc lkekftd dk;Z ,oa jktuhfrd dk;Z esa QdZ ugha jgk Fkk] vkSj
yksxksa dks ,glkl gks x;k Fkk fd ,slk loky fd ^jktuhfr cuke la?k"kZ* udyh gSaA
9 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

tu&fojks/kh vkSj yksdr=
a fojks/kh ^dkjiksjsV*
;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr ds f[kykQ
tu&i{k/kj jktuhfr t:jh
tu la?k"kZ ekspk ds yky cgknqj flag
th] tks 7 tuojh dks y[kuÅ esa gq;h
yksd jktuhfr eap dh cSBd esa Hkkx ys
jgs Fks] us dgk fd gj rjg ds vijk/k]
Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj vijk/k dks bl etcwjh ds
uke ij mfpr le>k;k x;k gS fd
turk cgqer ugha cuk jgh gS vkSj
blhfy, reke rjg ds le>kSrs djs tk
jgs gSayky cgknqj th us dgk fd „åå‣ esa
mÙkj çns'k dh turk us xqaMk&jkt ls
=Lr gks dj fdlh tuoknh fodYi ds
vHkko esa ek;korh th ds usf=Ro esa
cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dks Li"V cgqer nh
Fkh- ijUrq mÙkj çns'k dh gkyr igys ls
Hkh [kjkc gks x;h vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj ds
u,&u, dhfrZeku xr&o"kksaZ esa LFkkfir
gq,- vkt Hkh mÙkj çns'k dh jkt/kkuh
y[kuÅ esa nfyr efgyk,a fey tk,¡xh
tks vius lj ij eSyk <ksus dks etcwj
gSa] ;g Hkh bl çns'k dh lPpkbZ gS tgka
,d nfyr efgyk eq[; ea=h gSyky cgknqj th us dgk fd ek;korh
th us dk;ZHkkj l¡Hkkyrs gh mÙkj çns'k
esa u;h —f"k uhfr ykxw dh Fkh ijUrq
bldk ?kksj fojks/k gqvk- ;g —f"k uhfr
ewyr% gekjs çns'k ds xjhc fdlkuksa dh
tehuksa dks m|ksx&oxZ dks nsus dh ckr
j[krh Fkh- u;h —f"k uhfr dh ?kks"k.kk

gksrs gh eqds'k vEckuh ds ^fjykbal Ýs'k*
uked LVksj txg&txg [kqyus 'kq: gq,
gh Fks fd O;kikj eaMy us iqjtksj fojks/k
djuk vkjaHk fd;k- tc cukjl vkSj
vU; txg iVjh nqdkunkjksa vkSj O;kikj
eaMyksa us iRFkj pykuk vkSj vkx yxkuk
'kq: fd;k rc laHkor% ek;korh th dks
yxk fd ;g u;h —f"k uhfr Hkkjh iM+x
s h
vkSj vxys gh fnu ml u;h —f"k uhfr
dks okil ysus dk fu.kZ; ?kksf"kr fd;kyky cgknqj th us dgk fd fiNys fnuksa
esa geus fnYyh laln esa ns[kk fd
tc&tc vYi&la[;d dkaxzsl ljdkj
ij [krjk vk;k rks ek;korh vkSj
eqyk;e nksuksa us gh dkaxzsl dks cpk;kpkgs oks Hkkjr&vejhdk ijek.kq le>kSrk
jgk gks ;k egaxkbZA vHkh gky gh esa
ljdkjh yksdiy fo/ks;d ij gqbZ cgl
esa ek;orh vkSj eqyk;e nksuksa ds nyksa us
^okd&vkmV* dj ds dkaxzsl ljdkj dks
gjh >aMh nh & ;fn oks cgl djrs vkSj
yksdrkfU=d lalnh; çfØ;k vkxs c<+krs
rks dkaxzsl ljdkj euekuh ugha dj

ldrh Fkh vkSj ;k rks oks etcwr
yksdiky ykus ds fy;s etcwj gksrh ;k
fQj mldks okil ysuk iM+rk- exj
ek;korh vkSj eqyk;e nksuksa ds gh nyksa
us bldks cpk;k- ijUrq mÙkj çns'k dh
turk ds lkeus ,slk çrhr djk;k
tkrk gS fd nksuksa nyksa ds chp dksbZ
cM+k ;q) py jgk gks!
yky cgknqj th us dgk fd vkadM+sa
crkrs gSa fd vktknh ds le; mÙkj
çns'k bruk fiNM+k gqvk vkSj ^chek:*
jkT; ugha Fkk- mÙkj çns'k rks ml le;
ds rjDdh&'kqnk jkT;ksa dh drkj esa Fkkogk¡ ls fxjrs&fxjrs †å lky ds
dkaxzsl&ljdkj ds jkT; dky esa mÙkj
çns'k ^chek:* jkT; dh Js.kh esa igq¡p
x;k;g ^dkjiksjsV* ;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr
tks vktdy O;kIr gS] oks u dsoy tu
fojks/kh gS cfYd yksdra= fojks/kh Hkh gSyky cgknqj th us dgk fd ^dkjiksjsV*
;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr dh t:jr gS
yksdra= dk [kkRek ;k yksdra= dh
gR;k- blfy, tu&fojks/kh vkSj yksdra=

fojks/kh ^dkjiksjsV* ;k m|ksx dh
jktuhfr ds f[kykQ tu&jktuhfr ;k
tu&i{k/kj jktuhfr dh t:jr gSyky cgknqj th us dgk fd tks
tu&i{k/kj ikfVZ;k¡ gSa] mudks ,d lkFk
vk dj ds lkekftd cnyko] tks ge
lHkh dk nwjxkeh y{; gS] ds fy,
bDB~Bs iz;kljr jguk pkfg,A mu lc
ds fy;s pquko Hkh ,d gfFk;kj gS]
ftruk Hkh ge dks oksV feysxk] ftrus
Hkh gekjs lkFkh vkxs c<+sax]s mruh gh
turk dh rkdr vkxs c<+x
s h lekt esabl rjg dk ,d ç;ksx igys Hkh gqvk
gS ftlesa tu la?k"kZ ekspkZ] ekdZ~loknh
dE;qfuLV ikVhZ] jk"Vªh; mysek
dkmafly] lks'kfyLV ikVhZ] vkfn 'kkfey
jgs gSaA yky cgknqj th us dgk fd
lanhi ik.Ms th dk tuoknh vkUnksyu
ds fy;s ges'kk ls leFkZu jgk gSA
vkxkeh Qjojh 2012 fo/kku lHkk pquko
esa yksd jktuhfr eap 6 mEehnokjksa dks
leFkZu ns jgk gS ftudk fooj.k i`"B
la[;k 2 ij fn;k x;k gSA ¼lh-,u-,l-½

;g ^dkjiksjsV* ;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr tks vktdy O;kIr gS] oks
u dsoy tu fojks/kh gS cfYd yksdra= fojks/kh Hkh gS- ^dkjiksjsV*
;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr dh t:jr gS yksdra= dk [kkRek ;k
yksdra= dh gR;k- blfy, tu&fojks/kh vkSj yksdra= fojks/kh
^dkjiksjsV* ;k m|ksx dh jktuhfr ds f[kykQ tu&jktuhfr ;k
tu&i{k/kj jktuhfr dh t:jr gS11 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

fdlku [kRe ugha gks jgk] [kRe
fd;k tk jgk gS% czã nso 'kekZ
czã nso 'kekZ] iwoZ dysDVj] cLrj] vkSj
iwoZ jk"Vªh; v/;{k] vuqlwfpr tutkfr
,oa vuqlwfpr tkfr vk;ksx] us 7
tuojh dks y[kuÅ esa gq;h yksd
jktuhfr eap dh cSBd esa lfdz; Hkkx
fy;kA
czã nso th us dgk fd ^tksrs cks;s dkVs
/kku] [ksr dk ekfyd ogh fdlku* tSlh
ckr vc [kRe gks x;h gS- lu „ååå dh
—f"k uhfr esa ;g fy[kk gqvk gS fd
tehu [kkn vkfn ds fy;s iSlk pkfg,]
iSlk fdlku ds ikl gS ugha] iSlk
ljdkj ds ikl gS ugha] blhfy, tc
iSls okyk [ksrh djsxk rks fdlku [ksr
ij dke djsxkczã nso th us dgk fd gekjs cqtqxZ
dgk djrs Fks fd fdlh ls gkFk feykvks
vkSj ;fn gkFk l[r gS rks fdlku dk
gS] ijUrq vc ;g gkyr gS fd iqyiqys
gkFk okys fdlkuh tehu [kjhn jgs gSa]
tehus ns jgs gSa] vkSj ftruk tehu dk
ewY; ugha gSa mruh dher ns dj —f"k
Hkwfe [kjhnh tk jgh gSa- vHkh vka/kz çns'k
esa dqN ,sls gh fdlkuksa dk dguk gS fd
[ksrh esa ykxr vf/kd gS vkSj vkenuh
de- ,slk igyh ckj gks jgk gS fd [ksrh
ugha djks rks Qk;nk gS- czã nso th tc
ogka x;s rks mUgksaus ns[kk fd ogk¡ ij
cM+s tehunkjksa dk opZLo gS- bu
12 | lPph eqPph

tehunkjksa us ;g Hkh dgk fd egkRek
xk¡/kh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkjaVh
;kstuk ds dkj.k gesa etnwj ugha fey
jgk gS vkSj blhfy, gesa —f"k esa e'khuksa
dk bLrseky djuk pkfg,- bu e'khuksa
ij ‥å çfr'kr rd dh NwV ¼^lfClMh*
;k vuqnku½ fey jgh gS- dqy feyk dj
ç'u ;g gS fd fdlku [kRe gks jgk gS
;k [kRe fd;k tk jgk gS\
czã nso th us ;g loky lHkh
jktuhfrd nyksa dks fy[ks ij fdlh us
Hkh bl ij dksbZ djokbZ ugha dh- ;g rks
dksbZ dgh ugha jgk gS fd fdlku [kRe
fd;k tk jgk gS] gj vksj flQZ ;gh

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

lquus esa vkrk gS fd fdlku [kRe gks
jgk gS-

D;k [ksrh vdq'ky dke gS\
czã nso th us iwNk fd vc vki gh ;g
crkb, fd —f"k dq'ky dke gS fd
vdq'ky\ tc —f"k dq'ky dke gS vkSj
cqfu;knh t:jrsa iwjh djrk gS] rc ;g
ljdkj }kjk vdq'ky D;ksa ekuk tkrk
gS\ [ksrh&fdlkuh dks ljdkj us
vdq'ky dke dk ntkZ fn;k- egkRek
xk¡/kh jk"Vªh; jkstxkj xkjaVh ;kstuk esa
;g lkQ dgk x;k gS fd [ksrh vdq'ky
dke gSczã nso th us dgk fd fdlkuh dks
vdq'ky dke dk ntkZ ns dj fdlkuh
ds ewY; dks vk/kk dj fn;k x;k D;ksafd
ljdkjh njksa ds vuqlkj dq'ky vkSj
vdq'ky dke esa vk/ks dk varj gSvktknh ds ckn tc U;wure etnwjh
vf/kfu;e cuk rks mles ;g Li"V dgk
x;k gS fd fdlku dks mruh etnwjh
feyuh pkfg, ftlesa mldk vkSj mlds
ifjokj dk Hkj.k&iks"k.k gks lds- vc
ifjokj dh ifjHkk"kk D;k gS\ ifjokj esa]
NBsa osru vk;ksx ds vuqlkj vkSlru
ikap yksx gSa% efgyk] iq#"k] „ cPps vkSj
,d cqtqxZ- cPpksa dks nSfud t:jrksa ds
ekinaM ls vk/kk lnL; ekuk x;k gS
tcfd O;ogkfjdrk ;g gS fd cPpksa ij
fuos'k laHkor% vf/kdre gksrk gks- dqy
feyk dj ljdkj us ¼vkSj yksxksa us Hkh½
;g eku fy;k fd ifjokj esa … lnL;ksa
ds cjkcj Hkj.kiks"k.k dh vko';drk
gksrh gS vkSj bruh etnwjh fdlku dks
13 | lPph eqPph

feyuh pkfg,- vlfy;r Hkys gh ;g gks
fd ifjokj esa ‡ yksx gksa- lh/kk rkRi;Z
gS fd ‡ yksxksa ds ifjokj dks … yksxksa ds
Hkj.kiks"k.k dk bartke gksxk rks ç'u
mBsxk fd fdlku [kRe gks jgk gS ;k
fd [kRe fd;k tk jgk gS\
czã nso th us dgk fd ge lc dks ;g
lkspuk pkfg, fd fdlku dks dgk¡ ls
?kkVk gks jgk gS- tks fdlku dh dM+h
esgur dk U;wure okftc ewY; gS
mldk vk/kk gh rks ge mldks ns jgs gSafQj ge dgrs gSa fd fdlku [kRe gks
jgs gSa] tc fd vlfy;r ;g gS fd
fdlku [kRe fd;s tk jgs gSanLrkost dgrs gSa fd ifjokj esa nks yksx

czã nso th us dgk fd
fdlkuh dks vdq'ky dke dk
ntkZ ns dj fdlkuh ds ewY;
dks vk/kk dj fn;k x;k D;ksafd
ljdkjh njksa ds vuqlkj dq'ky
vkSj vdq'ky dke esa vk/ks dk
varj gSftruk fdlku dh dM+h esgur
dk U;wure okftc ewY; gS
mldk vk/kk gh rks ge mldks
ns jgs gS-a fQj ge dgrs gSa fd
fdlku [kRe gks jgs gS]a tc fd
vlfy;r ;g gS fd fdlku [kRe
fd;s tk jgs gSa-

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

dek jgs gSa- bldk eryc D;k gS\ iq#"k
ds vykok ;k rks efgyk dks etcwju
dke djuk iM+ jgk gS] ;k fQj cPps dks
f'k{kk NksM+ dke djuk iM+ jgk gS] ;k
fQj ifjokj esa cqtqxZ dks Hkh etcwjho'k
dke djuk iM+ jgk gSljdkj ds NBsa osru vk;ksx ds vuqlkj
ifjokj dks ikap yksxksa dh ;wfuV ekuk
tkrk gS- ijUrq fdlku ;k vlaxfBr
etnwj oxZ] tks Hkkjr dh turk dk ‥å
çfr'kr Hkkx gS] mlds ifjokj esa flQZ
„ yksxksa dks jkstxkj nsus dh ckr gksrh
gSLoHkkfod gS fd ;fn fdlku dks bruh
etnwjh fey tk, tks mlds iwjs ifjokj
ds fy;s lgh ek;us esa i;kZIr gS] rks fQj
efgyk D;ksa etnwjh djsxh] cPps f'k{kk
R;kx dj D;ksa etnwjh djus ij foo'k
gksx
a \s 'kgjksa esa rks dqN yksxksa dks
,d&,d yk[k #i;k osru fey jgk gS
ijUrq xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dk oS|kfud rjhds
ls 'kks"k.k gks jgk gS! vuqeku yxk;k
x;k gS fd ,d djksM+ #i;k çfro"kZ
çfr&xk¡o 'kks"k.k gks jgk gS-

fdlku vkSj cSad dk dtkZ@ C;kt
czã nso th us dgk fd gekjs dkuwu esa
'kq: ls gh ;g lkQ fy[kk gqvk gS fd
[ksrh&fdlkuh esa cSad ls dtkZ ysus ij
† çfr'kr ls T;knk lkekU; C;kt ugha
gksxk- ysfdu tc cSadksa dk jk"Vªh;dj.k
gqvk vkSj ljdkj us gkFk [khap fy;s rks
fLFkfr cny x;h- ;g gky tc cSadksa
dk gS rks lkgwdkj dh euekuh dk rks
dguk gh ugha gS!

vkt gkyr ;g gS fd —f"k&lEcaf/kr
dtsZ ij dkQh vf/kd pØorhZ C;kt
/kM+Yys ls yx jgk gS tks fd dkuwuu
ekuk gS- ftu 'krksZa ij C;kt fn;k tk
jgk gS mu 'krksZa ij gLrk{kj djrs oDr
vxj vki i<+as rks ik;saxs fd muesa lkQ
fy[kk gqvk gS fd vki vnkyr ugha tk
ldrs- czã nso th us fjtoZ cSad v‚Q
bafM;k rd esa bl ckr dh jiV dh
ijUrq dksbZ djokbZ ugha gqbZ'kq#vkr esa tc cSad lEcaf/kr dkuwu cuk
rks mlesa ;g lkQ dgk x;k Fkk fd
vnk,xh …‡ lky ls vf/kd esa ugha gksuh
pkfg,- vkt gkyr ;g gS fd vnk,xh
ƒ&‡ lky esa gh lhfer gks x;h gS
ftlds dkj.k ekfld fd'r dkQh
vf/kd gks x;h gS- igys tc vnk,xh
…‡ lky esa gksrh Fkh rc #i;k ƒ yk[k
ds dtZ esa ek= #i;k ‡ gtkj okf"kZd
fd'r curh & ijUrq vkt dy tc
vnk,xh ƒ&‡ lky esa gksuh gS rks
fu%lansg fd'r dbZ xq.kk vf/kd gSczã nso th us dgk fd ;fn vnk,xh
ugha gks ikrh gS rks ;g dsl dksVZ esa
tk,xk vkSj ^flfoy* tsy rd gks
ldrh gS- ^flfoy* tsy dk eryc ;g
gS fd tsy esa jgus dk [kpkZ vkfn lc
nsuk iM+rk gSczã nso th us dgk fd lkQ tkfgj gS
fd fdlku [kRe ugha gks jgk gS cfYd
[kRe fd;k tk jgk gS vkSj bl ij
vadq'k yxkus dh vkSj ekuoh; O;oLFkk
LFkkfir djus dh vko';drk gS& lh-,u-,lhindi.citizen-news.org

14 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

efgyk vlekurk vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj
lekIr djus ds fy, izfrc)%
vuhrk JhokLro] ojk.klh mRrjh ls izR;k'kh
vuhrk JhokLro] yksd jktuhfr eap dh
vksj ls vkxkeh fo/kku lHkk pquko esa
okjk.klh ¼mRrjh½ {ks= ls çR;k'kh gSaA
ƒ‥‥․ esa tc loZ f'k{kk vfHk;ku vk;k
Fkk rc vuhrk lcls de vk;q dh O;fä
Fkha tks ^ekLVj Vªsuj* ds :i esa çf'k{k.k
çnku dj jgh Fkha- tc vuhrk
gkbZ&Ldwy esa Fkha rc ls gh mUgksaus vius
vkl&ikl dh yM+fd;ksa dks i<+kuk 'kq:
fd;k vkSj fQj vkSipkfjd Ldwy esa HkrhZ
gksus ds fy;s çsfjr fd;k- dk'kh
fo|kihB esa vkus ij vuhrk jktuhfrd
'kkL= dh Hkh fo|kFkhZ jgha vkSj oks
vf[ky Hkkjrh; Nk= laxBu ¼^vkblk*½
ls tqM+h jgha- vuhrk dh #fp [ksy esa
fo'ks"k jgh vkSj oks jk"Vªh; Lrj dh
^tqMks* dh pkSfEi;u jgh gSa- dk'kh
fo|kihB esa mUgksaus ns[kk fd yM+fd;ka
vDlj f'k{kdksa rd ls f>>drh FkhagkyWakfd muds lkFk rks ikfjokfjd vkSj
lkekftd nksuksa dk leFkZu jgk ijUrq
vusd yM+fd;ksa dks ftUgsa ikfjokfjd ;k
lkekftd lg;ksx ugha feyrk] muds
vUnj tks çfrHkk,a gSa oks nch jg tkrh
gSa- vuhrk dks Hkh tc dksfj;k ns'k esa
viuh [ksy çfrHkk fn[kus dk volj
feyk rc muds la;qä ifjokj us tkus
ugha fn;k- vuhrk us rc tq>k: fo|kFkhZ
laxBu cuk;k-

vuhrk us f'k{kk ds ckn xzkeh.k {ks= esa
efgyk eqíksa ij dke djrs oDr tq>k:
efgyk laxBu cuk;k vkSj „åå• esa] lc
dks feyk dj ^çxfr'khy tu laxBu*
dh uhao iM+h- gky gh esa vuhrk us ;qok
dsæa ds jk"Vªh; lsok dk;ZØe esa … lky

rd Hkkx fy;k vkSj „åƒå esa mUgsa
vk;qä }kjk ^loZJs"B ;qok dk;ZdrkZ*
iq#Ldkj] ç'kfLr i= vkSj #i;k
ƒå]ååå dk buke feykvuhrk dk dguk gS fd „åƒå esa ge
lHkh dks yx jgk Fkk fd pquko esa vPNs
yksxksa dks Hkh vkxs vkuk pkfg,- blhfy,
lcdh loZlfEefr ls „åƒå esa geus
iapk;r pquko esa † efgyk vkSj ƒ iq#"k
çR;k'kh [kM+s fd;s] ftuesa ls ftyk chMh-lh-] ftyk iapk;r vkSj ç/kkuh ds
pquko 'kkfey Fks- buesa ls gekjs laxBu
ls ,d efgyk vkSj ,d iq#"k ç/kku cus]
vkSj ftyk ch-Mh-lh- pquko esa gekjh
çR;k'kh †‡ oksV ls nwljs uacj ij jgh
vkSj ftyk iapk;r pquko esa gekjh
çR;k'kh ‡‡ oksV ls nwljs uacj ij jghtc fo/kku lHkk pquko vk;k rks geus
vius lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk dbZ nkSj cSBdsa
dha vkSj fu.kZ; fy;k fd gesa vius
fopkjksa ds lkFk le>kSrk ugha djuk
pkfg, vkSj lHkh çxfr'khy tuoknh
laxBuksa dks ,dtqV djds ,d lk>k
ç;kl vkSj lk>h lksp ds lkFk ge lc
dks fo/kku lHkk pquko esa vkuk pkfg,vuhrk dk dguk gS fd orZeku esa O;kIr
Hkz"Vkpkj dk fojks/k djus dk vkxkeh
pquko ,d l'kä rjhdk gS vkSj gelc
dks yxk fd blh rjg ls ge jktuhfr
esa Hkh gLr{ksi djsa vkSj vius fopkjksa
vkSj fl)kUrksa dks turk ds chp esa ys
tk,¡-

vuhrk ds vuqlkj mudh efgyk eqíksa ds
çfr fo'ks"k izfrc)rk gS- vuhrk dk
dguk gS fd gelc us ns[kk fd dSls
efgyk vkj{k.k ds eqís ij jktuhfrd
ny drjk jgs gSa- gekjk loky gS fd †
eq[;/kkjk dh ikfVZ;ksa dks] dkaxzsl]
Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ] cgqtu lekt
ikVhZ] vkSj lektoknh ikVhZ] dks ikVhZ ds
Hkhrj ‡å çfr'kr efgyk vkj{k.k nsus ls
dkSu jksd jgk gS\ u lgh ‡å çfr'kr
ij efgyk izfrHkkfxrk c<+kus ds fy,
dqN rks uhfr r; djsa- ;fn nfyr ikVhZ
gS rks nfyr efgykvksa dks gh vkj{k.k ns]a
vYi&la[;d ikVhZ gS rks vYi&la[;d
efgykvksa dks vkj{k.k ns] fiNM+s yksxksa
dh ikVhZ gS rks fiNM+h efgykvksa dks
vkj{k.k ns] vxj lo.kZ ikVhZ gS rks lo.kZ
efgykvksa dks vkj{k.k ns] ij ;g dgha
Hkh ns[kus dks ugha fey jgk gSefgykvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh dks vkf[kj dSls
c<+k;k tk, ;g laxhu loky gS- vuhrk
dk dguk gS fd mudk;g Hkh ekuuk gS
fd iapk;r esa Hkh efgyk vkSj iq#"k nksuksa
dh Hkkxhnkjh gksuh pkfg,- mudk ;g Hkh
ekuuk gS fd gj 'kSf{kd laLFkku esa ;kSu
mRihM+u lfefr gksuh pkfg, ftldk
çHkkodkjh fØ;kUou Hkh gks- efgyk fgalk
dkuwu dks efgyk ,oa cky dY;k.k
ea=ky; ls ckgj fudky dj dkuwu
ea=ky; esa ykuk pkfg, vkSj efgykvksa
dh Hkkxhnkjh ls gh bl dkuwu dks
l'kä :i ls ykxw djuk pkfg,-

gesa vius fopkjksa ds lkFk le>kSrk ugha djuk pkfg, vkSj lHkh
çxfr'khy tuoknh laxBuksa dks ,dtqV djds ,d lk>k ç;kl vkSj
lk>h lksp ds lkFk ge lc dks fo/kku lHkk pquko esa vkuk pkfg,

16 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

dSQh vkte+ h dh ;kn esa
^vkt dh jkr cgqr xeZ gok pyrh gS]
vkt dh jkr u QqVikFk ;s uhan vk,xh
lc mBks eSa Hkh mBw]a rqe Hkh mBks]a rqe Hkh mBks]a

dksbZ f[kM+dh blh nhokj esa [kqy tk,xh*
bl 'ksj dh iSnkbZ'k vktex<+
ftys ds xk¡o&fetok¡ esa gqbZ FkhA fetokWa
ds ,d izfrf"Br tehankj ifjokj esa 19
tuojh 1921 dks lS¸;n Qrg gqlSu
ftoh vkSj dfut QkRek ds pkSFks csVs ds
:i esa vrgj&gqlSu fjToh dk tUe
gqvk tks ckn esa dSQh vkteh uke ls
,d e'kgqj 'kk;j] jaxdehZ] lektlsoh]
fQYedkj ¼xhr] dgkuh] iVdFkk] laokn]
vfHkHkko½ ds :iksa esa izfrf"Br gqvkA
blds vfrfjDr Nk= ;qfu;uks]a
etnwj lHkk 129 VªsM ;qfu;uksa esa dke
djrs gq, tehuh jktuhfrd dk;ZdrkZ
Hkh Fks os dqV okeiaFkh FksA
vius ns'k ds xkaoks dh moZjd
{kerk ij xoZ gksrk gS vkSj dHkh&dHkh
b'd Hkh fd D;ksa viuk tUe 'kgj esa
gqvk \ D;ksa ugha geus izsepUn ds yegha]
/kqfey ds [ksoyh ;k dSQh ds futok esa
tUe fy;k \
[kSj dSQh dh f'k{kk enjlksa esa
gqbZ vkSj mudks laLdkj iwjs nhuh
¼bLykfed½ feys vkSj Hkfo"; esa mudk
okeiaFkh usrk cuuk ml iwjs fl)kUr dks
xyr Bgjk nsrk gS ftlesa O;fDrRo dk
fu/kkZjd ,oa fuekZ.kd flQZ oa'kkuqØe
,oa okrkoj.k gh gksrk gSA

dSQh dk igyk dfork laxzg
>udkj & 1943] vf[kjs'kc&1992 esa
muds iwoZ izdkf'kr laxzgks dh pquh gqbZ
dfork,a ljeki uke ls izdkf'kr gqbZA
dSQh lkgc us fQYeksa esa dkQh xhr
fy[ks] 1974 esa izdkf'kr esjh vki.k twuksa
esa muds 40 fQYeh ukesa laxzghr gSA
dSQh cECkbZ ls fudyus okys
vtckj ^ifCyV~t* esa dbZ o"kksZ rd O;aX;
dkWYke fy[krs jgs gS] bl iwjs Oyxe
laxzg dks 2001 esa ^ubZ xqfyLrk uke ls
¼nks [k.Mksa ds½ izdk'k dh fd;k x;kA
1943 esa cECkbZ esa ^bIVk* dk
xBu gqvk] dSQh dks cEcbZ 'kk[kk dk

v/;{k pquk x;k] blds ckn oks yEcs
le; rd bIVk ds jk"Vªh; v/;{k Hkh
jgsA
Hkkjr&ikd c¡Vokjs ij cuh
mudh fQYEk ^xje gok* dks vki Hkh
fo'ks"k ntkZ izkIr gSA fQYe dh dgkuh]
iVdFkk] laokn dSQh lkgc us gh fy[ks
FksA fQYe ds fy, mUgsa rhu&rhu fQYe
Qs;j iqjLdkj izkIr gq,A bl fQYe ds
fy, mUgsa jk"Vªh; iqjLdkj Hkh izkIr gqvk
FkkA in~eJh ds lkFk gh vkidks
vkcdkjk lTns laxzg ij m0iz0 mnwZ
vdkneh vkSj lkfgR; vdkneh iqj"dkj
lksfo;r bfu usg# iqjLdkj] vÝks
,f'k;kbZ ys[kd la?k iqj"dkj] xkfyc
iqj"dkj] fgUnh vdkneh fnYyh dk
'krkCnh lEeku] egkjk"Vª mnwZ vdkneh
lEeku] fo'o Hkkjrh fofn us dSQh dks
Mh0fyV0 dh ekun mikf/k ls lEekfur
fd;kA
dSQh ds xqjcr ds fnuksa ds ,d
deks dh fjgkbZ'k gks ;g vkfy'kku] 25
tkudh dqVhj twgw] eqEcbZ] nksuks txgks
ij gh jgus okyksa eas muds nksLrksa dks
vHkh xqjt
s ugh jgk] [oktk vgen
vCckl] Hkh"e lkguh] csxe v[rj]
et#g lqYyrkuiqjh] tks'k eyhgkcknh]
QkSt vgen QkSt] fdjke xksj[kiqjh
tSlh gfLr;ka eqEcbZ esa gksrh Fkh rks dSQh
ds ?kj gksrh FkhA 1973 esa Qkfyt ds
f'kdkj gksus ds ckn dSQh us futnks dh
vksj ck;lh dj yh] ydokxzLr dSQh
viuh ^Cghy ps;j* ds lkFk vius
lk/kughu xkao fetok dh gj yM+kbZ esa
vkxs fn[kus yxs viuh /kjrh] vius
yksx dk HkkokRed yxko vkSj fetok ds
18 | lPph eqPph

fodkl dk liuk dSQh ds eu esa cSB
x;kA
lkfgR; vk;kstu gks] bIVk dh
izLrqfr] etnwj fdlku] Nk=ksa dh dksbZ
Hkh lHkk gks] lkaLd`frd dk;ZØe ;k
lkEiznkf;drk dk fojks/k gks dSQh gj
txg fn[kkbZ nsrs FksA
Qqyiqj jsyos LVs'ku cUn fd;s
tkus ds fojks/k esa jsy jksdksa vkUnksyu eas
os ^Cghy ps;j* ds lkFk gh iVjh;ksa ds
chp vkdj cSB x;s FksA
vius xkao dks ekWMy foyst
cukus ds fy, Ldwy] vLirky] lM+d]
LokLF; dsUæ] Mkd?kj] VsyhQksu tks
dqN Hkh fetok esa vkt gS oks dSQh ds
ladYi ,oa la?k"kZ dk gh urhtk gSA
bruk gh ugha e`R;q ds Bhd rhu o"kZ iwoZ
dSQh fetok dh ,d tulHkk esa viuh
csVh 'kckuk vkt+eh ls ,d ladYi Hkh
fnyok ysrs gS fd muds u gksus ds
fLFkfr esa muds liuksa dks iqjk djus dh
ftEesnkjh 'kckuk dh gksxhA
izxfr'khy fopkj/kkjk dk ;g
jkS'ku utj O;fDrRo 10 ebZ 2002 dks
ge lcdksa ;g dgrs gq, py fn;k fd%
[kkj o [kl rks gVs] jkLrk rks pysA
eSa vxj Fkd x;k] dkQhyk rks pysAA
csYps ykvksa [kksnks tehu dh rgsA
eSa dgk¡ nQu gw¡ irk rks pysAA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

& /kuat; f=ikBh
tuojh 2012

ljdkjh deZpkjh dks tc ijw k osru le; ls
feyrk gS rks D;ksa ?kl
w ekWx
a rs gS\a
lq"kek] lQhiqj ¼lqjf{kr½] mUuko ls çR;k'kh
lq"kek] tks vk'kk
ifjokj ds lkFk
tu
eqíksa
ij
dk;Zjr gSa] oks bl
„僄 fo/kku lHkk
pquko esa yksd
jktuhfr eap dh
vksj ls lQhiqj
¼lqjf{kr½] mUuko ls
çR;k'kh gSalq"kek us egkRek
xk¡/kh
jk"Vªh;
xzkeh.k
jkstxkj
xkjaVh
;kstuk]
vkaxuokM+h
dh
dk;Zdq'kyrk] Ldwy
esa ^feM&Ms ehy* ;k vijkà Hkkstu dh
xq.kkRedrk vkfn ls tqM+s eqíksa ij xr
o"kksaZ esa dk;Z fd;k gSdbZ yksx fcuk dke fd;s etnwjh ys
ysrs gSa] ;k fQj ljdkjh deZpkjh tks
dke djus ds fy;s mudks osru feyrk
gS] mlds fy;s ?kwl ekaxrs gSa] ,sls eqíksa
ij lq"kek lfØ;rk ls vius {ks= esa
dk;Zjr gSa- lq"kek dgrh gSa fd mudks
;g le> ugha vkrk fd ljdkjh
deZpkjh tSls fd ch-Mh-vks-] LokLF;dehZ]
iqfyl vkfn D;ksa iSlk ekaxrs gSa tc

mudks iwjk osru le; ls feyrk gSlq"kek dk dguk gS fd ljdkjh deZpkjh
^turk dk xqyke gSa* vkSj mudks lsok
Hkko vkSj bekunkjh ls dke djuk
pkfg,lq"kek dk dguk gS fd ;fn oks thr
x;ha rks fu.kZ; [kqyh cSBd esa ysx
a h
ftlls turk dh lgHkkfxrk c<+ lds;fn oks thr x;ha rks lq"kek dgrh gSa
fd ftu eqíksa ij oks dk;Z djsx
a h oks Hkh
mUgsa turk gh crk,xh- & lh-,u-,l-

lq"kek dk dguk gS fd ;fn oks thr x;ha rks fu.kZ; [kqyh
cSBd esa ysx
a h ftlls turk dh lgHkkfxrk c<+ lds-

iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ % v;ks/;k ls ve`rlj
v;ks/;k vkSj iatkc nksuksa gh viuh
fof”k’V :gkuh fojklr ds dkj.k Hkkjr
esa viuk fof”k’V igpku j[krk gSA
v;ks/;k dk vFkZ Þog Hkwfe tgk¡ dHkh
;q) ugha gksrk gks Hkh gSA ;g vk;ks±]
ckS) fHkD[kqvks]a tSu eqfu;ksa] lwQh lUrksa
,oa flD[k xq:vksa ds vkd’kZ.k dk dsUnz
jgk gSA e/;dky esa lwQh yksx ik¡p
ufn;ksa okyh iatkc ds eSnkuh Hkkxksa esa
“kkfUr vkSj HkkbZpkjs ds lUns”k ds lkFk
;gk¡ vk;s vkSj ;gk¡ ij v/;kfRed dsUnz
LFkkfir fd;kA xq:ukud nso dk ;g
NUn ÞvOoy vYyk uwj mik;k] dqnjr
ds lc oUnsÞ dkQh izpfyr gS] mUgksaus
tu&tu rd ekuork dk lUns”k
igq¡pk;kA
1 fnlEcj 2011 dks Hkkjr ljdkj ds
iwoZ dSfcusV lfpo ,oa n bf.M;k
gkjeksuh Qkm.Ms”ku ds laLFkkid tQj
lSQqYykg lkgc ds igy ij v;ks/;k ls
ve`rlj rd iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡
fudkyh x;hA bldk edln Fkk] iatkc
vkSj v;ks/;k ds lk>k laLd`fr;ksa ds bu
nks ifo= LFkfy;ksa dks ,dnwts ds bruk
djhc yk nsuk fd uQjr QSykus okys
/keZ vkSj etgc dh vkM+ esa [kq¡jsth ds
[ksy [ksyus dh lksp Hkh u ldsAa bl
;k=k dk usr`Ro fp”rh ln~Hkkouk
iqjLdkj izkIr ;qxyfd”kksj “kj.k “kkL=h
us fd;k FkkA vk”kk ifjokj vkSj
v;ks//;k dh vkokt bl dkjok¡ ds
vk;kstu esa lg;ksxh dh Hkwfedk vnk
dh FkhA dkjok¡ esa dqy 36 yksx “kkfey
Fks ftlesa fgUnw] eqfLye] fØf”p;u] ckS)

fHkD[kq ds vykok efgykvksa dh Hkh la[;k
Ms<+ ntZu ds vkl&ikl FkhA
iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ ds iwoZ la/;k ij
lj;wdqt
a loZ/keZ ln~Hkko dsUnz v;ks/;k
esa vo/k ihiqYl Qksje }kjk y?kq fQYeksa
dk izn”kZu fd;k x;kA lkEiznkf;drk]
enkZuxh] ckMZj ds ikj ,oa lSU;dj.k
y?kq fQYeksa ds izn”kZu ds i”pkr
ifjppkZ djk;h x;hA bl volj ij
dsjy izkUr esa fLFkr tuin f=pwj ds
lkylk lyohu xzhu Ldwy ds cPpksa us
^b”d u fgUnw b”d u eqfLye* xhr ls
iwjh “kke dks veu ds jax esa jax fn;kA
1 fnlEcj 2011 dks izkr% 9 cts
guqekux<+h ds lqizfl) lUr ,oa
lektoknh lUr lHkk ds jk’Vªh; v/;{k
ckck HkoukFk nkl th egkjkt us gjh
>.Mh fn[kkdj lj;wdqt
a v;ks/;k ls
jokuk fd;kA dkjok¡ ds tRFkksa us fofHkUu
fo|ky;ksa ds lekjksgksa ,oa xksf’B;ksa ,oa
i=dksa ds ek/;e ls veu vkSj HkkbZpkjs
dk lUns”k nsrs gq, y[kuÅ igq¡pdj

xk¡/kh Hkou esa igyk iM+ko Mkyk tgk¡
ij vk”kk ifjokj dh vksj ls eSXlsls
iqjLdkj izkIr lanhi ik.Ms;] 'kgyk
?kkfue ,oa ckch jekdkUr us iq’i
ekykvksa ls HkO; Lokxr fd;kA ;g
dkjok¡ vius fu/kkZfjr dk;ZØekuqlkj
veu dk lUns”k nsrs gq, 2 fnlEcj dks
cjsyh] 3 fnlEcj dks eqt¶Qjuxj] 4
fnlEcj dks fnYyh] 5 fnlEcj dks
dq:{ks=] 7 fnlEcj dks ve`rlj] 8
fnlEcj dks p.Mhx<+ esa iM+ko MkykA
bu lHkh LFkyksa ij veu ds fy;s
LFkkuh; lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa ds
funsZ”ku esa veu vkSj HkkbZpkjk dks
c<+kok nsus ds fy;s fofHkUu izdkj ds
dk;ZØe Hkh j[ks x;s FksA blesa xk¡/khoknh
jke eksgu jk; ,oa egkohj HkkbZ ds
la;kstu esa fofHkUu dLcksa o “kgjksa es
aihl ekpZ ,oa tyls dk vk;kstu fd;k
x;kA dkjok¡ esa fLFkr dsjy ds cPpksa us
vius ,drk ds xhrksa ls yksxksa esa
csgrjhu lek¡ ck¡/kkA

lUns”k xzg.k fd;kA lekiu volj ij
ve`rlj ds Hkoat ,e-,l- Ldwy esa
v/;{k vfouk”k egsUnz] mik/;{k vfuy
fla?ky o fizfUliy Mk- vuhrk HkYyk ds
funsZ”ku esa fo”kky lekjksg dk vk;kstu
fd;k x;kA lkfFk;ksa lyke gS] Hkkb;ksa
lyke gS] cguksa lyke gS] veu ds
ekSdk dk ;g lyke FkkA ;g ns”k HkfDr
,oa veu dk xhr is”k fd;k Fkk xzhu
Ldwy dsjyk ds cPpksa usA bl lekjksg
esa gtkjksa dh la[;k esa Nk=&Nk=k;sa ,oa
ukxfjdx.k mifLFkr FksA blds eq[;
vfrfFk iwoZ xoZuj dsjyk ,.M fcgkj ds
vkj-,y- HkkfV;k dks dkjok¡ ds la;kstd
;qxyfd”kksj “kj.k “kkL=h us veu dk
>.Mk HksaV fd;kA vius lEcks/ku esa Jh
HkkfV;k us dgk fd dqN yksx vius
futh LokFkks± ds pyrs /keZ ds uke ij
foHkktu djus dk pky py jgs gSaA
iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ ds eq[;
vk;kstd ,oa n bf.M;k gkjeksuh
Qkm.Ms”ku ds laLFkkid tQj
lS¶QqYykg us dgk fd /keZ yksxksa dks
tksM+us dk lUns”k nsrk gSA ns”k ds ukeh
fxjkeh lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ vlxj vyh
bUthfu;j us dgk fd /keZ ds uke ij
jktuhfr djus okyksa ls lko/kku jguk

iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ dk vkSipkfjd
lekiu ve`rlj esa fd;k x;k FkkA ;gk¡
ij dkjok¡ ds tRFkksa us Lo.kZ efUnj esa
eRFkk Vsddj I;kj&eksgCcr] HkkbZpkjk dk
21 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

pkfg,A bl volj ij ve`rlj
eSustesUV ,lksf”k,”ku ds iz/kku v”kksd
lsBh] ik’kZn c[“kh jke vjksM+k o vU;
“kf[“k;rksa us lekjksg dks lEcksf/kr
fd;kA
iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ ds lekiu esa
mijksDr fo|ky; esa lqfQ;kuk dk
:gkuh lQj ij dk;ZØe j[kk x;kA
ftls fo[;kr xty xk;d lqJh js.ks

flag us vftZ;k lkjh psgjs ij fy[kdj
yk;k gw¡] rqe ls D;k ek¡xw rqe [kqn gh
le> yks ekSyk] dks lqfQ;kuk vankt esa
xk;kA muds lkFk urZdh “kksHkk ukjk;.kk
us Hkh viuh dyk dk Hkjiwj izn”kZu
fd;kA iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ ds okilh
ds le; p.Mhx<+ ds ,d fo|ky; esa
lekjksg j[kk x;k Fkk ftlls gtkjksa
yksxksa us veu dh izsj.kk yhA
iSxke&,&veu dkjok¡ vius y{;ksa esa
fdruh lQy jgh ;g vizR;{k gS ysfdu
;g ns”k dh lk>h fojklr ds lUns”k
dks djksM+ksa yksxksa rd igq¡pkus esa lQy
jgk gSA

& ;qxyfd”kksj “kj.k “kkL=h

vkxkeh dk;ZØeksa dh lp
w u k%
yksd'kfä vfHk;ku dh cSBdsa ctV l=
ls igys fuEufyf[kr LFkkuksa ij gksaxh]
vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy;s fn, x, Qksu
uacj ij laidZ djs%a
& ‥&ƒƒ tuojh „僄% vka/kz çns'k
& ƒ„ tuojh „僄% tu laln]
eqyrkbZ] e/; çns'k
¼lquhye] ‥†„‡ƒå‥‣‣å½

& ƒ… tuojh „僄% bankSj] e/; çns'k
& „…&„‥ tuojh „僄% fcgkj]
>kj[k.M] NÙkhlx<+
¼dE;kuh ‥‣‣ƒ‥‡å„†․] xkSre canksik/;k;
‥․„•ƒ‣ƒ…冽

& •&ƒ‡ Qjojh „僄% egkjk"Vª] xksvk]
e/; çns'k ¼lquhfr ‥†„…‡‣ƒ‣․†½

cPpksa ds Hkkstu ds vf/kdkj ij nwljk
jk"Vªh; vf/kos'ku
„å&„„ tuojh „僄
LFkku% ,-vkbZ-lh-;w-,Q- vkJe] dSfEi;u
Ldwy vkSj 'kkgiqjk >hy ds fudV] 'kkgiqjk]
Hkksiky] e/; çns'k
vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy;s laidZ djs%a
Hkksiky% jksyh f'kogjs ‥†„‡†••†•ƒ] lfpu tSu
‥‥‣‣‣å†․†‣
fnYyh% nhik flUgk ‥•‡å†…†‣‣‣] lty nan
․ƒ…å„ååå•„] oanuk çlkn ‥․‥ƒ‡‡„†„‡

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy;s laidZ djs%a
e/kqjs'k] ‥․ƒ․‥凅ƒ•
22 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

tuojh 2012

yksd jktuhfr ep
a dh pquko gsrq
vkpkj lfa grk
ƒ- mEehnokj dh lkekftd dkeksa dh i`"BHkwfe gksuk vfuok;Z gksuh
pkfg,- pquko thrus ;k gkjus ds ckn Hkh mls igys dh rjg vke
turk ds eqíksa ij dke djrs jguk pkfg,- ;kfu pquko vius dke
ds vk/kkj ij gh yM+k tk;sxk„- mEehnokj de&ls&de iSls esa pquko yM+sxk] og dksbZ fn[kkok
ugha djsxk vkSj viuh {kerk ls T;knk [kpZ ugha djsxk- [kpZ
turk ls pank ys dj iwjk fd;k tk;sxk- fglkc&fdrkc esa iwjh
ikjnf'kZrk cjrh tk,xh…- ;fn mEehnokj thr tkrk gS rks mldh thou'kSyh esa igys dh
vis{kk dksbZ [kkl ifjorZu ugha vkuk pkfg,- igys dh gh rjg
og turk ds fy;s lqyHk miyC/k gksuk pkfg,†- çpkj T;knk&ls&T;knk tu&laidZ }kjk fd;k tk;sxk u fd
vkSj [kphZys rjhds viuk dj‡- laxBu ds dk;ZdrkZvksa ds ikl tks okgu gSa mUgha dk bLrseky
çpkj esa fd;k tk;sxk•- dksbZ çyksHku ns dj fdlh dk er ugha çkIr fd;k tk;sxk u
gh fdlh dks fdlh fdLe dh /kedh nh tk,xh‣- mEesnokj viuh lqj{kk ds fy;s dksbZ gfFk;kj ugha j[ksxk vkSj
u gh thrus ds ckn gfFk;kjksa ls lqj{kk dh O;oLFkk djsxk․- og vius çpkj ds fy;s dksbZ is'ksoj yksxksa ;k rjhdksa dk
bLrseky ugha djsxk- mngkj.k ds fy;s iSlk ns dj v[kckjksa esa
[kcj Niokuk‥- pquko esa tks yksx mldk çpkj djsx
a s mUgsa lg;ksx dh Hkkouk
ls ,slk djuk pkfg, u fd iSlk ys djƒå- pquko turk ds eqíksa ij yM+k tk;sxk u fd tkfr] /keZ] ;k
vU; bl fdLe ds fdlh vk/kkj ij-

ykd
s jktuhfr ep
a oSdfYid jktuhfr [kMh+ djus grs q izfrc)
fuEu eqn~nksa ij yksd jktuhfr eap dh Hkwfedk gekjh lksp dks
js[kkafdr djrh gS%
• jktuhfrd lRrk dk fodsUnzhdj.k rkfd fodkl fu;kstu lac/a kh fu.kZ; xzke lHkk
;k LFkkuh; fudk; ds Lrj ij fy, tk ldsAa
• futhdj.k] mnkjhdj.k o oS'ohdj.k okyh vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa ds orZeku Lo:i dk
fojks/k rFkk izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ij dEifu;ksa ds dCts dk fojks/k
• gjsd /keZ ds fy, ln~Hkko o lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko dks etcwr djuk
• [kk| lqj{kk gsrq lHkh /kkfeZd LFkyksa ij xq:}kjksa ds leku yaxj dh O;oLFkk
• ekuo fufeZr foHkktu dh Jsf.k;ksa ds vk/kkj ij euq";&euq"; esa Hksn djus dk
fojks/k
• oSf'od o {ks=h; fu'kL=hdj.k [kkldj O;kid tulagkj dh {kerk okys gfFk;kjksa
dh] j{kk ctV esa dVkSrh] 'kkafr o eS=h dks c<+ok] lhek ikj yksxksa dks vkus&tkus dh
NwV
• tkfr izFkk dk mUewyu fdUrq tkfr;ksa esa cjkcjh LFkkfir gksus rd vkj{k.k dh
uhfr dk leFkZu
• gjsd tu izfrfuf/k ;k egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; ysus okys inksa ij ,d efgyk o ,d iq:"k
dh O;oLFkk] fdUujksa dks i;kZIr izfrfuf/kRo
• lSU; cy fo'ks"kkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] xSj dkuwuh xfrfof/k;ka fuokj.k vf/kfu;e]
NRrhlx<+ fo'ks"k tu lqj{kk vf/kfu;e] tSls dkys dkuwuksa dh lekfIr
• vkradokn o uDlyokn ds uke ij funksZ"k yksxksa dk mRihM+u can
• m|ksx o lsok {ks= dh rqyuk esa d`f"k dks egRo fn;k tkuk] fdlkuks&
a etnwjksa dks
lEEkkutud vk;
• oxZ fo"kerk dks jktuhfrd fu.kZ; ls [kRe djuk
• flQZ vehjksa ij dj] blds fy, ,d vehjh js[kk r; djuk
• lkoZtfud thou o iz'kklu ds dke esa ikjnf'kZrk o tokcnsgh
• f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj esa leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh o iM+kl
s ds fo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks
'kkfey fd;k tkuk
• lHkh dks eqQ~r fpfdRlk dh O;oLFkk
• [kk|kUu] oL=] vkokl] LokLF; o f'k{kk ds {ks= esa futhdj.k ij jksd
• ukfHkdh; mtkZ dk;Zdze ij jksd] i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls lkQ&lqFkjs v{k; mtkZ
lzkrs ksa dks c<+kok
• Lora= fQyhLrhu jkT; ds eqn~ns dk leFkZu
24 | lPph eqPph

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tuojh 2012