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THE RESEARCH PROCESS: THE BROAD PROBLEM AREA and DEFINING THE PROBLEM STATEMENT
. Problem could also indicate an interest in an issue that might help to improve an existing situation.Broad Problem Area Through the process of observing and focusing on the situation Problem does not mean something is seriously wrong that needs immediate rectification.
The sales volume of a product is not picking up.Examples Of Broad Problem Areas Training programs are not as effective as anticipated. The introduction of flexible work hours has created more problems than it has solved in many companies. . Minority group members in organizations a re not advancing in their careers.
Prevailing knowledge on the topic ± relevant findings from previous research.PRELIMINARY INFORMATION GATHERING Background information on the organization ± the contextual factors. .
Resources ± human and others. or both. Contextual factors listed below: ± ± ± ± ± The origin and the history of the company Size in terms of employees. Primary data: collection through surveys and questionnaires and interviews. Secondary data: background of the company or area from printed or published sources. national or other. Charter ± purpose and ideology Location ± regional. . assets.Background information on the organization ± the contextual factors.
6. One does not run the risk of ³reinventing the wheel´ that is wasting effort on trying to rediscover something that is already known. 4. and how they should be investigated to solve the problem. 3. Thus. 2. The problem investigated is perceived by the scientific community as relevant and significant.Prevailing Knowledge On The Topic Literature Review Good literature review ensures that: 1. A clear idea emerges as to what variables will be most important to consider (parsimony). Testability and replicability of the findings of the current research are enhanced. . Important variables that are likely to influence the problem situation are not left out of the study. Literature survey helps the development of the theoretical frame work and hypotheses for testing. The problem statement can be made with precision and clarity. 7. why they are considered important. 5.
Conducting The Literature Review Data sources: ± Text books ± Journals ± Theses ± Conference proceedings ± Unpublished manuscripts ± Reports ± Newspapers ± The internet .