PV Inverter SUNNY MINI CENTRAL 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL with Reactive Power Control

Installation Guide

SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 | IME-SMCTL_9_10_11 | Version 4.0

EN

SMA Solar Technology AG

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 2.1 2.2 2.3
2.3.1 2.3.2

Notes on this Manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Target Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Symbols Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7 7 7 7 8

Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Appropriate Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Explanation of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Symbols on the Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Symbols on the Type Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 5.1
5.1.1 5.1.2

Unpacking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Packing List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Identifying the Inverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Installing the Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Selecting the Mounting Location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Mounting the Inverter with the Wall Mounting Bracket . . . . . . 18 Electrical Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Overview of the Connection Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Exterior View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Interior View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

5.2
5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3

Connection to the Public Grid (AC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Conditions for the AC Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Connecting the Inverter to the Public Grid (AC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Additional Grounding of the Housing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Installation Guide

SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9. . . . . . .2 7. . . . . 49 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Grid Safety Management via External Active Power Limitation . . . . . . .9. . . .5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8. . .4 Setting the Display Language . . . . 59 4 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . . . . . . . . . . 44 Testing the Functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . .9. . .9 5. . . .6 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . 32 Conditions for the DC Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Setting the Grid and Country Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Setting the Displacement Power Factor cos ϕ . . . . . . . .5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Limited Dynamic Grid Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 5. . . . . . . . 53 Phase Assignment . . .Table of Contents SMA Solar Technology AG 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5. . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 5. . . . . . . . .5. . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Opening the Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Safety . . . .8. 33 Opening the DC Plug Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5.3 Communication. . . . . . . 39 Cabling . . . . . .8 5. . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5. . .3 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Configuration . . 50 Frequency-dependent Active Power Limitation P(f) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9. . . . . . . . 48 Setting Off-Grid Operation .8. . . .5 5. . . . .4 5.1 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Closing the Inverter . 49 Additional Country Parameter. . . . . . . . . 52 Soft Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Connecting the PV Generator (DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6. . . . . . . . 55 Opening and Closing. . . .7 5. . 29 Installing the String Fuses . . . 32 Assembling the DC Plug Connector . . . . . . . . . . .9. . . 48 Setting the Installation Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6. . . . .5 5. . . . . . . . . . .3 Connection of the SMA Power Balancer . 30 Connection of the PV Generator (DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 5.6 Reactive Power and Grid Management . . . . . . . 54 6 7 7. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . 64 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 The Red LED is Flashing . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Dismantling the Inverter. . . . . . . . . .4 11 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . .1 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Technical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . 61 Checking the Fans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Storing the Inverter . . . . . . . 78 10 10. . . . .1 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMA Solar Technology AG Table of Contents 8 8. . . . . . 66 Error Messages. . . . . . 81 Disposing of the Inverter . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8. . . . . . . . . . . . .2 8. . . 75 Checking the Function of the Varistors (<Check Varistor>) . . . 75 Replacing the String Fuses (<DC fuse>) . . .4 9. . . 88 Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 10.3 Maintenance and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault) . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Checking the Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) for Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 9. . . . . . 82 Sunny Mini Central 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL with Reactive Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 LED Codes . . . . . . . . 82 Sunny Mini Central 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 12 13 Decommissioning . . . . .2 9 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Packing the Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . 61 Cleaning the fan . . . . . . . . . . . .1 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Checking Heat Dissipation . . 62 Cleaning the Air Grills. . .

Table of Contents SMA Solar Technology AG 6 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .

Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 7 . The tasks described in this manual may be performed by qualified electrical technicians only.SMA.3 Additional Information You will find further information on special topics such as designing a line circuit breaker or the description of the operating parameters in the download area at www.2 Target Group This guide is for qualified electrical technicians. installation.1 Validity This installation guide describes the assembly. 1.SMA Solar Technology AG Notes on this Manual 1 Notes on this Manual 1. commissioning and maintenance of the following SMA inverters: • Sunny Mini Central 9000TL (SMC 9000TL-10) • Sunny Mini Central 10000TL (SMC 10000TL-10) • Sunny Mini Central 11000TL (SMC 11000TL-10) • Sunny Mini Central 9000TL with Reactive Power Control (SMC 9000TLRP-10) • Sunny Mini Central 10000TL with Reactive Power Control (SMC 10000TLRP-10) • Sunny Mini Central 11000TL with Reactive Power Control (SMC 11000TLRP-10) Store this manual where it can be accessed at all times.de/en. Refer to the user manual for detailed information on operating the inverter. 1.

if not avoided. 8 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . if not avoided.Notes on this Manual SMA Solar Technology AG 1. WARNING! WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which. could result in minor or moderate injury. ☑ This symbol indicates the result of an action.4 Symbols Used The following types of safety instructions and general information appear in this document as described below: DANGER! DANGER indicates a hazardous situation which. could result in death or serious injury. NOTICE! NOTICE indicates a situation that can result in property damage if not avoided. Information Information provides tips that are valuable for the optimal installation and operation of your product. if not avoided. CAUTION! CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which. will result in death or serious injury.

are only to be implemented if their coupling capacity does not exceed 1400 nF.SMA Solar Technology AG Safety 2 Safety 2. This "normal" discharge current may not exceed 50 mA due to the fact that the inverter would otherwise automatically disconnect from the grid as a protective measure. During grid feeding.SMA.de/en. see the technical information "Capacitive Discharge Currents" in the download area at www. Capacitive Discharge Currents PV modules with large capacities relative to ground. which converts the DC current of the PV generator to AC current and feeds it into the public grid. foil on metal roof) and on the weather (rain. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 9 . For further information on this subject. a discharge current flows from the cells to ground. Operating Principle of a PV System with Sunny Mini Central The Sunny Mini Central may only be operated with PV generators (modules and cabling) of protection class II. Do not connect any sources of energy other than PV modules to the Sunny Mini Central.1 Appropriate Usage The Sunny Mini Central is a PV inverter. The amount of current depends on the manner in which the modules are installed (e. snow).g. such as thin-film modules with cells on a metallic substrate.

after evaluation by SMA Solar Technology AG. Do not use the Sunny Mini Central for purposes other than those described here. The manufacturer of the PV modules must have approved the modules for use with this Sunny Mini Central.8 ”Setting the Grid and Country Parameters” (page 48)). To change grid-relevant parameters. contact the SMA Serviceline. ensure that the values comply with the permitted operating range of all components at all times.2 (02.2006) • DK 5940 Ed.g.SMA.2003) b) • AS4777 (2005) • IEC-utility Meeting 216 • RD 1663/661 (only for SMC 9000TLRP-10 / 10000TLRP-10 / 11000TLRP-10) • MEA (on request) • PEA (on request) • Kepco guide (02.2006) (only for SMC 9000TL-10/IT / 10000TL-10/IT / 110000TL-10/IT) • RD 1663/2000 (2000) a) • PPC (06.Safety SMA Solar Technology AG When designing the PV system.the so-called SMA Grid Guard Code. The free design program "Sunny Design" (www. You can later make modifications yourself by changing software parameters with respective communication products (e. 10 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .de/en).de/en/ SunnyDesign) will assist you.de/en.2006) (on request) a) In the event of restrictions in certain regions. The application form for the personal access code is located in the download area at www. you need a personal access code .SMA.SMA. in the download area of www. You must also ensure that all measures recommended by the module manufacturer for long-term maintenance of the module properties are taken (see also Technical Information "Module Technology". b) Only possible when the phase voltage is 220 V. Certified Countries The Sunny Mini Central 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL (with according configuration) fulfill the requirements specified in the following standards and directives (dated: February/2010): • VDE 0126-1-1 (02.2006) (only for SMC 9000TL-10 / 10000TL-10 / 11000TL-10) • PPDS • C10/C11 (08. Sunny Data Control or Sunny Explorer) (see section 5. modifications to the Sunny Mini Central or the installation of components not expressly recommended or sold by SMA Solar Technology AG void the warranty claims and operation permission. SMA Solar Technology AG can preset special grid parameters for other countries / installation locations according to customer request. in the "Data sheet" category for each inverter. Alternative uses. 2.

• Securely attach the Electronic Solar Switch again. NOTICE! Dust and water in the inverter can damage the device! Once the Electronic Solar Switch has been pulled out. • Close all DC inputs with the corresponding DC connectors and the supplied blank plug.SMA Solar Technology AG Safety 2. • Open all DC connectors and remove the wires. Grounding the PV Generator Comply with the local requirements for grounding the modules and the PV generator. sensory or mental capabilities. The inverter is then no longer protected against water and foreign objects. SMA Solar Technology AG recommends connecting the generator frame and other electricityconducting surfaces such that there is continuous conduction and to connect them to the ground in order to reach maximum protection for property and persons. • Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance. • The appliance is not to be used by children or persons with reduced physical. DANGER! Danger of burn injuries due to hot enclosure parts! • Do not touch enclosure during operation. • Only touch the lid during operation. In order to keep the protection rating IP65 during temporary decommissioning. proceed as follows: • Unlock and disconnect all DC connectors. or lack of experience and knowledge. unless they have been given supervision or instruction. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 11 .2 Safety Instructions DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the inverter! • All work on the inverter must be carried out by qualified personnel only. the inverter only provides protection rating IP21.

Indicates the operation condition of the inverter. Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) DC load disconnection unit • • When the Electronic Solar Switch is plugged in. To interrupt the DC circuit and disconnect the inverter securely under load. Disturbance or fault Read section 9 ”Troubleshooting” (page 66). as described in section 7. Observe all documentation that accompanies the inverter.3 Explanation of Symbols This chapter contains an explanation of all symbols found on the inverter and type label.2 Symbols on the Type Label Symbol Explanation Beware of dangerous electrical voltage. varistor defective or string fuse defective Read section 9 ”Troubleshooting” (page 66).3. The inverter can become hot during operation. 2. you have to first pull out the Electronic Solar Switch and then remove all DC plug connectors . Avoid contact during operation. Ground fault. the DC circuit is closed.3. Beware of hot surface. 2.1 Symbols on the Inverter Symbol Explanation Operation display. All work on the inverter must be carried out by qualified personnel only.Safety SMA Solar Technology AG 2. The inverter operates at high voltages. Tap to switch on the display light and switch to the next display message.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). 12 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .

Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 13 .4 ”Disposing of the Inverter” (page 81).SMA Solar Technology AG Safety Symbol Explanation The inverter must not be disposed of with the household waste. The inverter is protected against penetration by dust particles and water jets from any angle. see section 10. CE mark. The inverter complies with the requirements of the German Institute for Quality Assurance and Labeling. For more information on disposal. RAL quality mark for solar products. The inverter complies with the requirements of the applicable EC guidelines. Direct Current (DC) Alternating current (AC) Protection rating IP65. The inverter is transformerless.

1 x for ground connection cable terminal Cylinder head screws (M6x16): 1 x for lid (replacement). Contact your dealer if anything is damaged or missing. Object A B C D E F G H I K L C N O P Q R 14 Number 1 1 1 1 10 10 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 Description Sunny Mini Central Air grills (right / left) Wall mounting bracket Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) DC load disconnection unit DC plug connectors (5 x positive / 5 x negative) Blank plugs for DC plug connectors Cable screw connection for AC connection Counter nut for cable gland at AC connection Clamping clip for additional grounding Tooth lock washers: 1 x for cover screws (replacement). 1 x for ground connection cable terminal Jumper for fan test Cylinder head screws (M6 x 8) for securing the Sunny Mini Central to the wall mounting bracket Installation guide User manual Set of documents with explanations and certificates Supplementary sheet with inverter factory settings Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 .Unpacking SMA Solar Technology AG 3 Unpacking 3.1 Packing List Check the delivery for completeness and any visible external damage.

are specified on the type label. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 15 .2 Identifying the Inverter You can identify the inverter by the type plate.SMA Solar Technology AG Unpacking 3.) and the type (Type / Model) of the inverter. The type label is on the right side of the enclosure. as well as device-specific characteristics. The serial number (Serial No.

• Mount on a solid surface. CAUTION! Danger of burn injuries due to hot enclosure parts! • Mount the inverter in such a way that it cannot be touched inadvertently. 35 kg into account for mounting.1 Safety DANGER! Danger to life due to fire or explosion! Despite careful construction. CAUTION! Risk of injury due to the heavy weight of the inverter! • Take the inverter's weight of approx. • Do not mount the inverter in areas where highly flammable materials are stored.Installing the Device SMA Solar Technology AG 4 Installing the Device 4. • The mounting location must at all times be clear and have safe access without the use of additional aids such as scaffolding or lifting platforms. 4. • Do not mount the inverter on flammable construction materials. Any possible service actions are otherwise limited. electrical devices can cause fires. 16 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . • Do not mount the inverter in areas with a risk of explosion.2 Selecting the Mounting Location Consider the following requirements when selecting where to install: • The installation method and mounting location must be suitable for the inverter's weight and dimensions (see section 11 ”Technical Data” (page 82)).

SMA Solar Technology AG Installing the Device • Vertical installation or tilted backwards by max. If necessary. or objects as shown in the diagram in order to guarantee sufficient heat dissipation and to have enough space for removing the Electronic Solar Switch. increase the clearances and make sure there is enough ventilation to ensure sufficient cooling of the inverters. other inverters. 15°. do not mount the unit on plasterboard walls or similar in order to avoid audible vibrations. • Observe the minimum clearances to walls. • In living areas. • Do not install horizontally. • The ambient temperature should be below 40 °C to ensure optimal operation. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 17 . • The connection area must point downwards. Multiple inverters installed in areas with high ambient temperatures There must be sufficient clearance between the individual inverters to ensure the cooling air from the adjacent inverter flows freely. • Never install the device with a forward tilt. The inverter can make noises when in use which may be perceived as a nuisance in a living area. • Install at eye level to allow operating status to be read at all times. • Do not expose the inverter to direct sunlight to avoid a power reduction due to excessive heating.

Use at least 2 of the 6 holes.Installing the Device SMA Solar Technology AG 4.3 Mounting the Inverter with the Wall Mounting Bracket 1. 18 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . with one hole on the right and one on the left. Mark the position of the drill holes using the wall mounting bracket and drill the holes.

2.SMA Solar Technology AG Installing the Device CAUTION! Risk of injury due to the heavy weight of the inverter! The inverter weights approx. Secure the wall mounting bracket to the wall using appropriate screws and washers. The rod must be pushed through the enclosure openings. 3. Using the mounting hole. • Attach the wall mounting bracket with the corresponding mounting material (depending on the surface). Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 19 . 35 kg. attach the inverter to the rear panel of the enclosure in the wall mounting bracket. • Use the side handles (above and below) or a steel rod (maximum diameter of 30 mm) for transport and mounting.

the rear panel can be secured to the wall at the bottom using 2 single-use bolts. The air grills are marked "rechts/right" and "links/left" on the interior for proper assignment. Screw the inverter to the wall mounting bracket on both sides using the screws (M6x8) provided. Check to ensure the inverter is firmly fastened. Close the recessed grips with the fan grills provided. 6. can be reordered from SMA Solar Technology AG (see section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88)). The air grills prevent dirt and insects from entering the device and. The other two holes are spares. 20 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .Installing the Device SMA Solar Technology AG 4. if necessary. Optional Theft Protection To protect the inverter against theft. Only tighten the screws hand-tight. 5.

Object A B C D E Description DC connector for connecting the PV strings Socket for connecting the Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) DC load disconnection unit Enclosure openings for optional communication via RS485 or radio (PG16) Connection of the SMA Power Balancer Enclosure opening for connecting to grid (AC) (18 mm … 32 mm) Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 21 .1 Exterior View The following figure shows the assignment of the individual connection areas on the bottom of the inverter.1.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5 Electrical Connection NOTICE! Electrostatic discharges can damage the inverter! Internal components of the inverter can be irreparably damaged by static discharge.1 Overview of the Connection Area 5. 5. • Ground yourself before touching a component.

Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5.1. Object A B C D Description Connection area and sockets for communication (Page 48) Display Jumper slot for fan test (Page 62) LEDs for displaying the operating modes (Page 56) 22 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .2 Interior View The following illustration shows the various components and connection areas of the open inverter.

SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection Object E F G H I K L M N O Description Connection terminals for mains cable (AC) (Page 24) Male connector for grounding the cable shield for communication (Page 48) Screwing device for shield clamp for communication cable (Page 48) Enclosure opening for mains cable (AC) (Page 24) Connection socket for SMA Power Balancer (Page 39) Enclosure openings for communication (Page 48) DC connector (Page 32) Connection socket for Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) DC load disconnection unit (Page 32) Slot for string fuses (Page 30) Varistors (Page 75) Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 23 .

• routing method.2 Connection to the Public Grid (AC) 5.SMA. the maximum possible cable length is doubled.de/en) for this. Conductor crosssection 16. the neutral conductor is not subjected to any load. • UV resistance. and the line losses are halved. Thus. 25 mm² Approx. The maximum cable lengths relative to the conductor cross-section are shown in the following table.0 mm² 25. The conductor cross-sectional area required in individual cases depends on the following factors: • ambient temperature.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. Cable Requirements Position A B C Description External diameter Conductor cross-section Strip insulation Value 18 mm … 32 mm Max.1 Conditions for the AC Connection Connection requirements of the utility operator Always observe the connection requirements of your utility operator! Dimensioning of the Cables The conductor cross-section should be dimensioned in a way that output losses do not exceed 1 % at nominal power.0 mm² a) a) SMC 9000TL-10 / SMC 9000TLRP-10 27 m 43 m Maximum wire length SMC 10000TL-10 / SMC 11000TL-10 / SMC 10000TLRP-10 24 m 38 m SMC 11000TLRP-10 22 m 35 m Only use flexible cables! Cut line losses in half If three inverters with symmetrical feeding are combined to form a three-phase system. 18 mm 24 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Use "Sunny Design" (www.2.

It can result in a cable fire or the destruction of the inverter.g. Detailed information and examples for the rating of a line circuit breaker can be found in the Technical Information "Line Circuit Breaker" in the SMA Solar Technology AG download area at www. The maximal permissible rating is located in section 11 ”Technical Data” (page 82). The current from the inverter and the grid can accumulate to overcurrent which is not detected by the line circuit breaker.SMA. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 25 . the protective function of the line circuit breaker is no longer guaranteed. • Use only a load disconnecting switch or a line circuit breaker as load disconnecting unit. the inverter can be damaged.de/en. and thus may not be used as a load disconnection unit. A screw type fuse element is only used as cable protection. • Always protect consumers separately. NOTICE! Damage to the inverter by using screw type fuse elements as load disconnection unit! A screw type fuse element. DANGER! Danger to life due to fire! When more than one inverter are connected in parallel to the same line circuit breaker. the protective function of the line circuit breaker is no longer guaranteed. • Never connect several inverters to the same line circuit breaker. DANGER! Danger to life due to fire! When a generator (inverter) and a consumer are connected to the same line circuit breaker. • Never connect consumers between the inverter and the line circuit breaker without protection. When disconnecting under load using a screw type fuse element. D system (Diazed) or D0 system (Neozed) is not a load disconnection unit. e. • Comply with the maximum permissible fuse protection of the inverter when selecting the line circuit breaker.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection Load Disconnection Unit You must install a separate line circuit breaker for each inverter in order to ensure that the inverter can be securely disconnected under load.

de/en.2. 8. Pull the cable through. Disconnect the line circuit breaker and secure against re-connection. 26 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .SMA. Connect L. N and the protective conductor (PE) to the terminal blocks using a screwdriver in accordance with the label. 5. 4. 2. Loosen all cover screws and remove the cover. Remove tape on the AC enclosure opening (see "E" on Page 21). Insert the AC screw clamp into the enclosure opening from the outside and tighten it with the counter nut from the inside. the PE wire must be 5 mm longer than the L and N wires. Securely close the clamp at the enclosure opening.2 Connecting the Inverter to the Public Grid (AC) 1. Check the grid voltage and compare with "VAC nom" on the type label.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. L and N must not be swapped. The exact operating range of the inverter is specified in the operating parameters. The corresponding document is located in the download area at www. 6. 3. 7. in the "Technical Description" category of the respective inverter. To do this.

SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 9. The toothing of the tooth lock washers must face toward the lid. DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the inverter! • Do not switch on the line circuit breaker until the inverter is securely closed and also the PV generator has been connected. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 27 . ☑ The inverter is now connected to the public grid (AC). The inverter packing list includes another spare screw and tooth lock washer. Tighten the screws with 6 Nm torque in the order shown on the right hand side. Secure the lid with all screws and the corresponding tooth lock washers. • Fasten the tooth lock washers for all 6 screws with the toothing facing toward the lid. DANGER! Danger to life due to live lid! The grounding of the enclosure lid is ensured by the tooth lock washers.

☑ The inverter's enclosure is additionally grounded. The toothing of the tooth lock washer must face toward the clamping clip.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. cross-section 16 mm²). you can also ground the inverter using a second protective conductor on the connection terminal on the enclosure.3 Additional Grounding of the Housing If a second protective conductor connection is required in the country of installation. Insert the stripped grounding cable (D) under the clamping clip (C) (max. 2. You can ground multiple inverters as shown in the diagram below: 28 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .2. Procedure 1. Screw the clamping clip tight with screw (A) and tooth lock washer (B).

2.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59). Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 29 . Open the inverter as described in section 7. Set the switches for the required language.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). Procedure 1. ☑ The display language is now set. Close the inverter as described in section 7.3 Setting the Display Language You can set the language of the display using the switches on the underside of the display assembly inside the inverter. Language German English French Spanish Switch S2 B B A A Switch S1 B A B A 3. as shown below.

If necessary. the string fuses in the Sunny Mini Central will be monitored automatically. the string fuses may burn out. SMA Solar Technology AG offers the following add-on kits: • 5x8A • 5 x 10 A • 5 x 12 A • 5 x 16 A • 5 x 20 A Section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88) contains a list of the SMA order numbers. the error message "Check DC fuse" appears in the display. Whether string fuses must be used depends on the PV modules used and the number of strings directly connected to the Sunny Mini Central. Equip all slots with a string fuse To ensure that the fuse monitoring function is working properly.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. it cannot be ensured that they will function correctly and in case of a fault. This also applies if fewer strings are connected. At the moment. The inputs are thus unprotected. In the case of a burnt-out fuse. all 5 slots must be equipped with the appropriate fuses at all times. Additional types are available upon request. However. consult the module manufacturer. If necessary. The Sunny Mini Central is equipped with factory-installed jumpers. the Sunny Mini Central continues to feed electricity. 30 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . If installed.4 Installing the String Fuses The Sunny Mini Central can be equipped with special string fuses to protect the PV modules from reverse currents. the jumpers can be replaced with special string fuses (thermal fuses). • Only use add-on kits provided by SMA Solar Technology AG. NOTICE! The Sunny Mini Central can be damaged if the string fuses burn out! When using commercially available fuses.

• Check every string separately for correct polarity before connecting the DC connector. Insert the fuse extractors in the slots.1. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 31 .2 ”Interior View” (page 22)). Remove all fuse extractors (for slot see section 5. 4.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection Mounting String Fuses 1. Close the Sunny Mini Central as described in section 7. 3. WARNING! Danger of burn injuries due to electric arc in the Sunny Mini Central! If a string is connected with the poles reversed it can cause an electric arc via the string fuse. 6.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59).2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). 5. 2. Open the Sunny Mini Central as described in section 7. Remove jumpers from the fuse extractors. Insert the string fuses in the fuse extractors.

• The DC current flow may not be interrupted via adaptors.0 A (DC) 34. The inverter can automatically differ between real fault currents and "normal" capacitive leakage currents.5. You will find the necessary DC plug connector for DC connection in the delivery. Maximum input voltage 700 V (DC) 700 V (DC) 700 V (DC) Maximum input current 28.0 A (DC) 31. • Ensure that the input current for each string does not exceed the maximum flow current of the plug connectors used.0 A (DC) 32 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56).5 Connection of the PV Generator (DC) 5. If an external RCD or residual current breaker is strictly required. If the plug connector is overloaded.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. an electric arc may occur and there is a fire risk.1 Conditions for the DC Connection Use of Adaptors Adaptors (branch connectors) are not to be visible or freely accessible in the immediate surroundings of the inverter. • The following limit values at the DC input of the inverter may not be exceeded: Inverter SMC 9000TL-10 / SMC 9000TLRP-10 SMC 10000TL-10 / SMC 10000TLRP-10 SMC 11000TL-10 / SMC 11000TLRP-10 DANGER! Risk of lethal electric shock or fire! The maximum possible input current per string is limited by the plug connectors used. The residual current breaker The inverter is equipped with an integrated universal current sensitive residual-current monitoring unit. • Observe the procedure for disconnecting the inverter as described in section 7. you must use a switch that triggers at a failure current of 100 mA or higher. • Requirements for the PV modules of the connected strings: – Same type – Same number – Identical alignment – Identical tilt • The connecting cables from the PV modules must be fitted with plug connectors.

Procedure 1. Ensure the plug connectors have the correct polarity. Cable requirements: • Use a PV1-F cable.5. 2. Insert the stripped cable into the plug connector as far as it will go. all connecting cables of the PV modules must be equipped with the DC plug connectors provided. Result ☑ If the conductors are visible in the hollow cavity of the clamping clip. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 33 .2 Assembling the DC Plug Connector In order to connect to the inverter. Press the clamping bracket down until it audibly snaps into place. 3. The DC plug connectors are marked with "+" and "–". To assemble the DC plug connectors. Action • Proceed to step 4. Ensure the cable is correctly in place. the cable is in the correct position. proceed as detailed below.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5.

Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG Result Action ☑ If the conductor is not visible in the hollow • Loosen the clamping clip with the help of a cavity of the clamp. ☑ The DC plug connectors are now assembled and can be connected to the inverters. as described in section 5. 34 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . the cable is not in the screwdriver. Push the threaded joint to the thread and screw into place.5.4 ”Connecting the PV Generator (DC)” (page 36). 4. correct position. • Remove cable and start again from step 1.

SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5. 3. Loosen the clamping clip with the help of a screwdriver. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 35 . Screw the threaded joint off.5. 4. slot a screw driver into the side catch mechanism and lever out. 5. To release the plug connector. Remove the cable.3 Opening the DC Plug Connector 1. ☑ The cable is now removed from the DC plug connector. 2. Carefully pull the DC plug connector apart.

5. 3. Otherwise. If this is not done. Disconnect the line circuit breaker and secure against re-connection. NOTICE! Excessive voltages can destroy the measuring device! • Only use measuring devices with a DC input voltage range of at least 1000 V. Pull the Electronic Solar Switch downwards. 2. 36 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . the open circuit voltage of the PV modules must not be more than 90 % of the maximum inverter input voltage. Check the connection cables of the PV modules for correct polarity and that the maximum input voltage of the inverter is not exceeded. 1. ensure that the line circuit breaker is switched off. slightly towards the wall. the maximum inverter input voltage can be exceeded at low temperatures.4 Connecting the PV Generator (DC) DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the inverter! • Before connecting the PV generator. check the system design and the PV module connection. At an ambient temperature higher than 10 °C.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5.

4. Do not insert the sealing plugs into the DC inputs on the inverter.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). – Insert the DC plug connectors with sealing plugs into the corresponding DC inputs on the inverter. as described in section 9. it can be destroyed by the overvoltage. all the DC inputs have to be closed as follows: – Insert the blank plugs provided into the unnecessary DC plug connectors. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 37 . All warranty claims become void. To release the plug connectors see section 7. 5. Check the DC plug connector for correct polarity and connect it. To create the sealing on the inverter. 6. • Do not connect strings with an open circuit voltage greater than the maximum input voltage of the inverter.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection NOTICE! Destruction of the inverter due to overvoltage! If the voltage of the PV modules exceeds the maximum input voltage of the inverter. Check the strings for ground faults. • Check the system design.3 ”The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault)” (page 74).

• Make sure that the device is securely in place. ☑ The PV generator is now connected. 38 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . the Electronic Solar Switch can be damaged by high voltages. NOTICE! Damage to Electronic Solar Switch! If not plugged correctly. Tightening the screw voids all warranty claims and creates a fire risk. NOTICE! Manipulating the connector in the handle can damage the Electronic Solar Switch! The connector inside the handle must remain movable in order to ensure proper contact. You can now commission the inverter as described in section 6 ”Commissioning” (page 55).2 ”Checking the Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) for Wear” (page 65) and attach it firmly. as described in section 8. • Connect the holder firmly on to the socket of the Electronic Solar Switch. • Do not tighten the connector screw in the Electronic Solar Switch handle. Check the Electronic Solar Switch for wear. The following connection options are optional.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 7.

de/en.6. see the technical information "Three-phase grid connection with Sunny Mini Central" in the download area at www.6 Connection of the SMA Power Balancer The Sunny Mini Central is equipped with the SMA Power Balancer as standard.SMA.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5. in the "Data sheet" category for each inverter.1 Configuration The SMA Power Balancer is deactivated at the factory using the "PowerBalancer" parameter (parameter setting = off) and can only be activated and configured using a communication device. L2 and L3)! By activating this circuit. This enables a circuit connection of three 3 Sunny Mini Central to a three-phase feed-in system. The connections for the SMA Power Balancer are galvanically isolated from the rest of the Sunny Mini Central circuit. The application form for the personal access code is located in the download area at www. To change the "PowerBalancer" parameter. you need a personal access code . Three-phase grid connection For further information on this subject.SMA. you can stipulate how the other two Sunny Mini Central devices are to react if there is a device fault with the third Sunny Mini Central or there is a grid voltage fault in its phase.de/en. 5. Each of the 3 Sunny Mini Central devices in a group must be connected to a different phase conductor of the low-voltage grid (L1. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 39 . The configuration options are detailed below. but rather must be ordered separately from SMA Solar Technology AG (see section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88)).the so-called SMA Grid Guard Code. Cable for the connection of the SMA Power Balancer connector system The cable for the connection is not provided as standard.

the other two inverters also disconnect from the grid 5 minutes later. – If one of the three inverters indicates a device fault and stops feeding in. – If one of the three inverters indicates a grid voltage fault and stops feeding in.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG Configuration Options There are 4 different configuration options for the "PowerBalancer" parameter. 40 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Local connection requirements Select the respective setting and always observe the local connection requirements and provisions of your utility operator. the other two inverters also disconnect from the grid immediately. • FaultGuard This operating mode allows to implement a three-phase grid voltage monitoring that also reacts to device failures.

– If one of the three inverters indicates a grid voltage fault and stops feeding in. the other two inverters are not affected and continue to feed in at full power. the other two inverters also disconnect from the grid automatically. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 41 . – If one of the three inverters indicates a device fault and stops feeding in.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection • PhaseGuard This operating mode allows to implement a three-phase grid voltage monitoring.

42 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG • Off The SMA Power Balancer is deactivated (factory setting). only this inverter is disconnected from the grid and the other two inverters continue to run at an undiminished power level. – In the event of a device fault or grid voltage fault at an inverter.

– If one of the three inverters indicates a grid voltage fault or device fault and stops feeding in. the other two inverters automatically limit their power to 5 kVA over a 10 minute average.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection • PowerGuard This setting can be selected. the unbalanced load is limited to 6 kVA. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 43 . if the entire PV plant consists of three 3 Sunny Mini Central inverters only and in case of a failure the unbalanced load shall be limited to 5 kVA over a 10-minute average. Unbalanced load limitation in case of SMC 9000TL-10/IT / 10000TL-10/IT / 11000TL-10/IT (applies exclusively to Italy) In the case of the Sunny Mini Central 9000TL-IT /10000TL-IT / 11000TL-IT.

Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. Twist off the lid of the threaded joint on the bottom side of the Sunny Mini Central.6. Cabling Procedure 1. Plug the SMA Power Balancer cable into the socket. you require a special upgrade kit (order number: PBL-SMC-10-NR) for these Sunny Mini Centrals. 2. 44 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .2 Cabling A group of 3 Sunny Mini Central units is cabled according to the following diagram: Connecting Sunny Mini Central units without an SMA Power Balancer connector system When connecting Sunny Mini Centrals with an SMA Power Balancer but without the SMA Power Balancer connector system.

The SMA Power Balancer can now be activated via a communication device.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection The markers (1 to 3) must form a line. Tighten the cable screw connection half a turn. as illustrated on the right. 3. ☑ The cable is now securely connected. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 45 .

Electrical Connection

SMA Solar Technology AG

Extending the Cable
If you must bridge large spans between 2 Sunny Mini Centrals, you can extend the SMA Power Balancer cable. Use an "LiYCY" cable for this with the illustrated layout: • Indoors: Li-2YCY 1 x 2 x 0.25 mm² • Outdoors: Li-2YCYv 1 x 2 x 0.25 mm² Object A B C Description Flexible insulation Shielding Twisted pair (1 x 2 x 0.25 mm²)

Proceed as follows: 1. Cut the SMA Power Balancer cable in the middle. 2. Connect the wires and shield inside a junction box (outdoors) with an extension cable 1:1 (max. cable length 300 m).

3. Connect the SMA Power Balancer cable to the Sunny Mini Central as described in section  ”Cabling Procedure” (page 44).

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5.6.3 Testing the Functioning
To test whether the SMA Power Balancer operates correctly, proceed as follows. 1. Select the "PhaseGuard" setting of the "PowerBalancer" parameter for all three inverters. 2. Check whether all inverters in the group are feeding the grid normally. ☑ If the green LED lights up steadily or if the display message pictured opposite appears, proceed with point 3. or ☑ If all inverters in this group show the display message pictured to the opposite: check the installation of the SMA Power Balancer and contact SMA Solar Technology AG, if necessary. 3. Switch off the line circuit breaker for one of the three inverters. • The inverter with a deactivated line circuit breaker then indicates a grid voltage fault with the display message shown opposite ("Bfr" and "Srr" are irrelevant). • The other two inverters then also disconnect themselves from the grid with the display message shown to the opposite. Both inverters subsequently switch to "Balanced" mode. ☑ If the inverters react as described above, the functionality test has been completed successfully. Otherwise, check the configuration. 4. If applicable, reset the "PowerBalancer" parameter to the desired setting in all inverters. 5. Switch on the line circuit breaker again. ☑ The functionality test has been completed.

E-today Mode

0Wh MPP

Disturbance PowerBalance

Disturbance Vac-Bfr

Disturbance PowerBalance

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5.7 Communication
The inverter is equipped with a slot for communication interfaces in order to communicate with special data acquisition devices (e.g. Sunny WebBox) or a PC with corresponding software (e.g. Sunny Data Control or Sunny Explorer). See the respective communication interface manual for a detailed wiring diagram and an installation description for the interface. Using the Power Reducer Box from SMA Solar Technology AG, it is possible to set a limit for the active power for all inverters. Also, the reactive power specification can be controlled in Sunny Mini Central units with Reactive Power Control. For detailed information on the Power Reducer Box, see its technical description and the technical information on "Grid safety management" in the download area under www.SMA.de/en.

5.8 Setting the Grid and Country Parameters
Changing Grid-Relevant and Country Parameters To change grid-relevant parameters, you need a personal access code - the so-called SMA Grid Guard Code. The application form for the personal access code is located in the download area at www.SMA.de/en, in the "Data sheet" category for each inverter. Ensure that you discuss the changes to these parameters with your utility operator. A detailed description of the operating parameter for the inverter is available in the download area at www.SMA.de/en in the category "Technical Description" of the respective inverter.

5.8.1 Setting the Installation Country
Using the "Default" parameter you can set the installation country and/or the grid connection standard valid for the country via a communication device (e.g. Sunny WebBox) or a PC with appropriate software (e.g. Sunny Data Control or Sunny Explorer). This, however, is only required if the inverter was originally ordered for another country. You can see the standard to which the inverter was set upon delivery from the type label and the supplementary document provided with the factory settings.

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• Never operate the inverter directly on the public grid when set to off-grid operation. You have several possibilities to set the inverter to off-grid operation: • Setting via Sunny WebBox or • Setting via Sunny Data Control or Sunny Explorer.3 Additional Country Parameter Requirements for the setting Set the installation country as described in section 5. 5.2 Setting Off-Grid Operation To operate the inverter in an off-grid system with Sunny Island. DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the event of outage of the public grid. The deactivation criteria (voltage. This country setting may only be selected if the plant or inverter is operated with an external three-phase decoupling protection.8. If you set the inverter to off-grid operation.1 ”Setting the Installation Country” (page 48) before setting the country parameter described here. it does not fulfill any country-specific standards and regulations. the Sunny Mini Central with Reactive Power Control may only be operated with an external three-phase decoupling protection device which complies with the country-specific requirements. which disconnects the Sunny Mini Central from the grid automatically if non-permissible voltage and frequency values occur. Therefore.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5. Type SMC 9000TLRP-10 / 100000TLRP-10 / 110000TLRP-10 Sunny Mini Centrals have an additional default country parameter "MVtgDirective". Without this external decoupling protection.8. • Install external three-phase decoupling protection. This parameter expands the deactivation limits of the inverter for voltage and frequency to a maximum / minimum. frequency) are specified via country parameters for all Sunny Mini Central inverters.8. DANGER! Risk of lethal electric shock if external decoupling protection is missing! If the country setting is "MVtgDirective". if there is an outage of the public grid. you must set the inverter via the "Default" parameter to off-grid ("OFF-Grid") operation. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 49 . Device protection is still guaranteed. there is a danger of back feed. the Sunny Mini Central does not disconnect from the grid when the standard requirements are exceeded.

Procedures and Configuration Parameters Default settings In the table below.9.. 1 Default 1 Underexcited. With the procedures described below. The process is deactivated. The configuration parameters are protected by the SMA Grid Guard Code password. they can only be accessed at the installer level. you can select different settings in which additional configuration parameters can be set.8 .Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5. Mode 2: Displacement power factor is transferred by communication via Power Reducer Box. 5. Type of excitation of the displacement power factor cos ϕ (Mode 1). However. Confirm the changes to these parameters with your utility operator. in the "Data sheet" category for each inverter.9 Reactive Power and Grid Management Sunny Mini Central units 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL with Reactive Power Control are reactive power-compatible inverters and can feed in reactive power by entering a shift factor (cos ϕ). The factory setting for the displacement power factor is cos ϕ = 1 (Mode 1). Procedure Q-VArMod Setting PFCnst* PFCtlCom Off Description Mode 1: Constant displacement power factor cos ϕ. The displacement power factor (cos ϕ) can be specified by setting a software parameter for the corresponding device (Mode 1) or transmitted to multiple devices via the Sunny WebBox in combination with the Power Reducer Box (Mode 2). 3 settings can be selected..1 Setting the Displacement Power Factor cos ϕ The "Q-VArMod" parameter allows you to select the reactive power process for the Sunny Mini Centrals with Reactive Power Control. Underexcited overexcited 50 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Value range 0. Configuration Options for "PFCnst" Setting PFCnst Parameters PF-PF PF-PFExt Description Displacement power factor specification cos ϕ (Mode 1). To set all parameters you need a personal SMA Grid Guard Code and the installer password. These inverters are also equipped with advanced grid management functions for output control. default settings are marked with *.de/en. which can be activated and configured in accordance with the requirements of the utility operator. The installer password can be obtained from the SMA Serviceline upon request. The application form for the SMA Grid Guard Code is located in the download area at www.SMA.

.. The process used complies with the Medium Voltage Regulation valid in Germany. Value range 0 .. the settings can also be adjusted to the requirements of other countries or utility operators by means of software parameters..20 Hz P-WGra P-HzStop 10 .. Steepness of the active power limitation (gradient). This process is deactivated on delivery.9..05 Hz Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 51 . Procedure P-WCtlHzMod Setting Off* On Description The process is deactivated. Procedures and Configuration Parameters Default settings In the table below. The active power is throttled in accordance with the characteristic curve. 100 %/Hz 0 .2 Frequency-dependent Active Power Limitation P(f) Activating this function enables active power limitation P depending on the grid frequency fAC. 5 Hz 40 %/Hz 0. default settings are marked with *. The "P-WCtlHzMod" parameter allows you to select the frequency-dependent active power limitation P(f). Configuration Options for "On" Setting On Parameters P-HzStr Description Start frequency (nominal frequency + setting) for active power limitation. 5 Hz Default 0. Frequency (nominal frequency + setting) for resetting the active power limitation. However.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5. 2 settings can be selected.

This process is activated for all devices on delivery. Limitation of the maximum active power via communication with a Power Reducer Box (Mode 1). however external specification via the Power Reducer Box is then no longer possible. Procedure P-WMod Setting Off WCnst WCtlCom* Description The process is deactivated.9.. Limitation of the maximum active power of the inverter (Mode 2).. Procedures and Configuration Parameters Default settings In the table below. default settings are marked with *. via a ripple control signal). Default 11000 52 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Configuration Options for "WCnst" Setting WCnst Parameters Description Value range P-W Limitation of the maximum active 0 .Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5.3 Grid Safety Management via External Active Power Limitation The "P-WMod" parameter allows you to select the active power process. The maximum possible AC active power can be set externally for Sunny Mini Central inverters via communication (WebBox with Power Reducer Box) (e. 3 settings can be selected. The active power is restricted via the Power Reducer Box (Mode 1).g. A fixed limitation of the active power of an individual inverter can also be set. 11110 power.

Default settings In the table below. Soft start is activated. for example after a voltage fault or frequency fault. L2 or L3. This process is deactivated on delivery. Procedure WGraReconEna Setting 0* 1 Description Soft start is deactivated. default settings are marked with *. The inverter reacts as in setting "L1". The capacity increases by 10 % of the nominal power per minute. the soft start function increases the output of active power gradually (gradient function).9. After reactivation. The inverter is assigned to phase L1.5 Phase Assignment The "Phase" parameter allows the Sunny Mini Central units to be assigned to phase L1. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 53 . Default settings In the table below.4 Soft Start Sunny Mini Central units with Reactive Power Control are equipped with a soft start function.SMA Solar Technology AG Electrical Connection 5. This function allows a communication command to be sent only to the inverters with the specific phase setting when using the Power Reducer Box. The inverter is assigned to phase L2. default settings are marked with *. Parameters Phase Setting -----* L1 L2 L3 Description This setting means that no active setting was selected. 5.9. The inverter is assigned to phase L3.

When the AC voltage drops below the value set here. Unit % Value range 40 . Default settings In the table below. Adjustable voltage offset (e. Using this function..00/2. 100 70* 0 ..9. Parameters DGS-PWMVolNom Description Cut-off voltage in percent relative to VRef + VRefOfs. This function has 4 adjustable parameters. +20 0* DGS-HystVolNom % VRef VRefOfs V V 54 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . the inverter can begin feeding again immediately following the end of a short-term interruption to the voltage. Hysteresis in percent. 60 5* 215 .. default settings are marked with *. the inverter starts feeding again..00.6 Limited Dynamic Grid Support From firmware version 2.. 245 230* –20 .. The inverter also disconnects from the mains through the internal decoupling protection with the set country parameter and/or through the external three-phase decoupling protection.. When the AC voltage exceeds the value set.. through output losses). the inverter will stop feeding.g. the Sunny Mini Central units with Reactive Power Control feature the function for limited the dynamic grid support. Phase voltage at the output side of the transformer.Electrical Connection SMA Solar Technology AG 5.

SMA Solar Technology AG Commissioning 6 Commissioning 1. A Green LED B Red LED C Yellow LED In operation Ground fault. varistor defective or string fuse defective Fault 3. – Correct connection of the AC cable (grid) – Full connection of the DC cables (PV strings) – Unnecessary DC inputs are closed with the corresponding DC plug connectors and blank plugs – The enclosure lid is securely screwed in place – Electronic Solar Switch is securely plugged – The line circuit breaker is laid out correctly 2. or ☑ The red or yellow LED is glowing or blinking: there is an error. ☑ The green LED is glowing or blinking if there is enough radiation: commissioning has been successful. Proceed to step 3. Read section 9 ”Troubleshooting” (page 66) and if necessary eliminate the fault or disturbance. Check the following requirements before commissioning: – The inverter is firmly fastened. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 55 . Switch on the line circuit breaker.

Opening and Closing SMA Solar Technology AG 7 Opening and Closing 7.1 Safety DANGER! Risk of lethal electric shock! Observe the following before opening the inverter: • Ensure the AC side is not live.2 Opening the Inverter 1. 56 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . 7. 3. Pull the Electronic Solar Switch downwards. Disconnect the line circuit breaker and secure against re-connection. 2. • Ground yourself before touching a component. NOTICE! Electrostatic discharges can damage the inverter. • Ensure the DC side is not live. check the installation. Ensure there is no current at any DC cables using a clip-on ammeter. slightly towards the wall. ☑ If there is a current present. Internal components of the inverter can be irreparably damaged by electrostatic discharge.

– Lever the screwdriver upwards (2) and pull out the plug connector (3). ☑ If there is a voltage present.SMA Solar Technology AG Opening and Closing 4. • Remove all DC plug connectors to completely disconnect the PV generator from the inverter. DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the inverter! The capacitors in the inverter require 5 minutes to discharge. 5. • Wait 5 minutes before opening the inverter. check the installation. Unlock all DC plug connectors using a screwdriver: – insert a screwdriver into one of the slits on the sides (1). Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 57 . DANGER! Danger to life due to high voltages in the inverter! A secure separation from the PV generator is only guaranteed after pulling off the Electronic Solar Switch and all DC plug connectors. Ensure that there is no voltage at the DC plugs at the inverter.

Verify the absence of voltage L with respect to N at the AC clamp with an appropriate meter. ☑ If there is a voltage present. ☑ If there is a voltage present. check the installation. 58 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Loosen all 6 lid screws and pull the lid forwards to remove it. check the installation. ☑ The inverter is now open and is not live.Opening and Closing SMA Solar Technology AG 6. Verify the absence of voltage L with respect to ground at the AC clamp with an appropriate meter. 7. 8.

DANGER! Danger to life due to live enclosure lid! The grounding of the enclosure lid is ensured by the tooth lock washers. To release the plug connectors see section 7. Close all unnecessary DC inputs as described in section 5. 3.2 and firmly attach.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). Secure the lid with the 6 screws and the corresponding tooth lock washers. Tighten the screws with 6 Nm torque in the order shown on the right hand side. Check the DC plug connector for correct polarity and connect it.3 Closing the Inverter 1. 4. The toothing of the tooth lock washers must face toward the lid.SMA Solar Technology AG Opening and Closing 7. • Fasten the tooth lock washers for all 6 screws with the toothing facing toward the lid.4 ”Connecting the PV Generator (DC)” (page 36) to seal the inverter. 2. Check the Electronic Solar Switch for wear as described in section 8. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 59 .5. The inverter packing list includes another spare screw and tooth lock washer.

• Make sure that the device is securely in place. Tightening the screw voids all warranty claims and creates a fire risk. Switch on the line circuit breaker. • Do not tighten the connector screw in the Electronic Solar Switch handle. NOTICE! Damage to Electronic Solar Switch! If not plugged correctly. 5. the Electronic Solar Switch can be damaged by high voltages. 6. ☑ The inverter is now closed and in operation. Check whether the display and the LEDs indicate normal operating mode (see section 6 ”Commissioning” (page 55)). • Connect the holder firmly on to the socket of the Electronic Solar Switch. 60 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .Opening and Closing SMA Solar Technology AG NOTICE! Manipulating the connector in the handle can damage the Electronic Solar Switch! The connector inside the handle must remain movable in order to ensure proper contact.

1 Cleaning the fan If the fan guards are only soiled with loose dust.1. 4. Cleaning the fan 5. dismantle the fans for cleaning. Procedure 1.1 Checking Heat Dissipation 8. a paint brush. Disconnect the inverter from both the DC and AC connections as described in section 7. they can be cleaned using a vacuum cleaner. Clean the fan grill with a soft brush. Press the front latches backward and the rear latch forward.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 61 . a cloth or compressed air. To remove the fan grills: – Press both latches on the right of the fan grill to the right using a screwdriver and loosen from the bracket. – Carefully remove the fan grill.SMA Solar Technology AG Maintenance and Cleaning 8 Maintenance and Cleaning 8. If you do not achieve satisfactory results with a vacuum cleaner. 2. Cleaning the Fan Grills 3. Wait for the fans to stop rotating.

set the "Fan Test" parameter back to 0. Remove the fan by pulling it slowly and carefully downwards. 8. 10. 62 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . a paint brush. 7. Set the "Fan Test" parameter to "1" in the installer mode. Request the installer password on the SMA Serviceline (contact: see Page 90). Check the fans' air flow. ☑ The test of the fans has been completed. After checking the fans. Listen for any unusual noise. 2. This can damage the fan. 3. Setting Parameters 1. or • Plug the provided jumper into the system control board. After cleaning. which could indicate incorrect installation or that the fans are faulty. or a damp cloth. The fan cables are long enough that you can lift the fans far enough out to disconnect the internal plug in the inverter. 4. 11. Remove the fan. assemble everything in reverse order. • Do not use compressed air to clean the fan. Sunny Explorer or Sunny WebBox).Maintenance and Cleaning SMA Solar Technology AG 6. Unlock and remove the plug.1. 8.2 Checking the Fans You can check that the fans are working in 2 ways: • Set the "Fan Test" parameter to "1" in the installer mode (using Sunny Data Control. Check the function of the fans as described in the following section. NOTICE! Damage to the fan due to the use of compressed air. The inverter sucks air in from underneath and then blows it back out on the upper sides. Clean the fan with a soft brush. 9.

Plug the provided jumper in the slot on the system control board as shown below. Close the inverter as described in section 7. Check the fans' air flow. all LEDs must have gone out before a restart). 2. Open the inverter as described in section 7. After checking the fans. The inverter sucks air in from underneath and then blows it back out on the upper sides. 4. 5. ☑ The test of the fans has been completed. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 63 . remove the jumper. Open and close the inverter as described in section 7 ”Opening and Closing” (page 56).2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). 1.e.SMA Solar Technology AG Maintenance and Cleaning Plugging the Jumper The inverter recognizes the jumper only after the system has been restarted (i. Listen for any unusual noise. 3.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59). which could indicate incorrect installation or that the fans are faulty.

Remove the air grills.Maintenance and Cleaning SMA Solar Technology AG 8. 3.1. 2. The air grills must be attached according to the inside inscription ("links/left" and "rechts/right"). NOTICE! The inverter can be damaged if insects enter! • The air grills must not be removed permanently. Procedure 1. because otherwise the device is not protected against the entrance of insects. a paint brush. Insert your finger above in the space between the air grills and the enclosure and remove the air grills to the side. or compressed air. Clean the air grills if they are dirty. Re-attach the air grills to the inverter. Clean the air grills with a soft brush.3 Cleaning the Air Grills The inverter sucks air in from underneath via the fan and blows it out again through the air grills on the upper sides. 64 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .

Commission the inverter as described in section 6 ”Commissioning” (page 55). handle.2 Checking the Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) for Wear Check the Electronic Solar Switch for wear before plugging it in. ☑ The metal tongues inside the connector The Electronic Solar Switch can no longer reliably have a brown discoloration or are burned disconnect the DC side. 2. Commission the inverter as described in section 6 ”Commissioning” (page 55). Replace the Electronic Solar Switch handle before attaching it again (for the order number see section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88). 1.SMA Solar Technology AG Maintenance and Cleaning 8. through. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 65 . Result Action ☑ The metal tongues inside the connector are 1. Securely attach the Electronic Solar Switch not damaged or discolored. 2.

use the SMA Solar Technology AG 24-hour replacement service (the inverter will be ready for dispatch within 24 hours and sent to a forwarding agency) and repair servic e. you will also find a description of the display messages during operation.Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG 9 Troubleshooting If the inverter displays other blink codes or error messages as detailed below. 1x per second) Is not glowing Is not glowing Is not glowing Glows continuously Not relevant Blinks 66 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .1 LED Codes Green Glows continuously Red Is not glowing Glows continuously Is not glowing Glows continuously Is not glowing Yellow Is not glowing Is not glowing Glows continuously Is not glowing Is not glowing Is not glowing Is not glowing Is not glowing Is not glowing Glowing/blinking Is not glowing Glowing/blinking Not relevant Status OK (feeding operation) Fault OK (initialization) OK (stop) Fault OK (waiting. the status messages and measuring channels. In the user manual provided. grid monitoring) Fault OK (derating) OK (nighttime deactivation) Fault Fault Fault Warning (see section 9. Do not try to carry out repairs other than those described here.4 ) Flashes quickly (3 x per second) Flashes slowly (1 x per second) Briefly goes out Glows continuously (Approx. contact the SMA Serviceline. Instead. 9.

3. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often.5.SMA Solar Technology AG Troubleshooting 9. due to the local grid conditions. Remove the Electronic Solar Switch. Internal communication fault. The inverter disconnects to assure compliance with the voltage quality of the grid. Turn off the line circuit breaker. 4. check the plant design or contact the person who installed the PV generator. contact the SMA Serviceline. which depends on the operating mode and the type of the detected disturbance. contact the SMA Serviceline. or whether they agree to an alteration of the threshold value of the ACVtgRPro parameter to monitor the voltage quality. reconnect the inverter to the PV generator as described in section 5. If the message occurs again. Check DC voltage: – If the DC voltage exceeds the maximum input voltage. 1. Message !!PV-Overvoltage!! !DISCONNECT DC! Description and corrective measure Overvoltage at DC input. disconnect the inverter again and contact the SMA Serviceline (see section 13 ”Contact” (page 90)). This can be caused by either of the following: • The grid voltage at the connection point is too high. • The grid impedance at the connection point is too high. and this error is still displayed. Corrective measures Check the grid voltage at the connection point of the inverter: • If. Overvoltage can destroy the inverter.4 ”Connecting the PV Generator (DC)” (page 36). • If the grid voltage is continually within the acceptable range. ask the utility operator whether the voltage at the feed-in point can be adjusted. Disconnect all the DC plug connectors. the inverter generates a message. Corrective measures Immediately disconnect the inverter from the grid. – If the DC voltage is under the maximum input voltage. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 67 ACVtgRPro CAN . The 10-minute-average grid voltage is no longer within the permissible range. the grid voltage is 253 V or more. 2.2 Error Messages When a disturbance occurs.

The inverter has detected a drastic change in the differential current.1 ”Checking Heat Dissipation” (page 61). Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline. failure current or an actual fault in the device.1 ”Checking the Function of the Varistors (<Check Varistor>)” (page 75). The integrated differential current monitoring system plays an important part in ensuring personal safety. The data is not relevant for safe operation. as described in section 9. Corrective measures • Check the AC connection At least one of the varistors is defective. Corrective measures • If the message "Fault current-Bfr" or "Fault current-Srr" appears for no obvious reason.2 ”Replacing the String Fuses (<DC fuse>)” (page 78).3 ”The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault)” (page 74). as described in section 9. Once the inverter enters the "Derating" mode. • The disturbance has no effect on the performance of the inverter. EEPROM data is defective. The inverter disconnects from the grid. as described in Section 8. verify whether the plant insulation might have a ground fault. the inverter has switched itself off because the loss of data has disabled important functions of the inverter. Corrective measures • Check and if necessary replace the string fuses.Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG Message Check L-N-PE Description and corrective measure L and N are swapped at the AC connection or PE is not connected. A drastic change in the differential current can be caused by a sudden grounding fault. it will display the "Derating" warning until the next total shutdown of the device (at the end of the day). Corrective measures • Check heat dissipation. Check Varistor DC fuse Derating dI-Bfr dI-Srr EEPROM EEPROM dBh 68 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . At least one string fuse is defective.4. Corrective measures • Check the function of the varistors as described in section 9. The "Derating" operating mode is a normal operating mode which may occur occasionally and can have several causes. Transition disturbance during reading or writing of EEPROM data.4.

This message is displayed if the current in the AC grid is greater than specified. Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline. • The error message only serves to inform you and has no effect on the performance of the inverter. Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline. IGBTs Imax Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 69 . Deviation in the differential current measurement / differential current If this fault message is displayed repeatedly. please contact the SMA Serviceline. • Contact the SMA Serviceline if this problem occurs often or several times in succession. The grid frequency is no longer within the permissible range ("Bfr" / "Srr" / "Fast" is an internal message that has no meaning for the user). • If the grid frequency is within the tolerance range. contact the SMA Serviceline. Corrective measures • Check the grid conditions. Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline. The internal hardware monitoring system has detected a fault in the power electronics. For safety reasons.SMA Solar Technology AG Troubleshooting Message EeRestore Description and corrective measure One of the duplicate data sets in the EEPROM is defective and has been reconstructed without loss of data. A grid disturbance has occurred. Corrective measures • Check the grid connection and contact the utility operator if necessary. Corrective measures • Check the system design and grid conditions. Corrective measures Fac-Bfr Fac-Srr FacFast Fault Curr Meas Fault Curr Meas-Srr HW-Signal Iac-DC_Offs-Srr • If this fault occurs often. the inverter disconnects itself from the grid. it means that inverter operation is permanently disabled." "Fac-Srr" or "FacFast" faults are still being displayed. yet "Fac-Bfr. Overcurrent on the AC side.

contact the SMA Serviceline. Corrective measures • For more detailed descriptions of the operation modes "PhaseGuard" and "FaultGuard". contact the SMA Serviceline. the inverter does not connect to the grid for safety reasons. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often. This is equipped with the SMA Power Balancer for preventing asymmetric loads. The operating parameter "PowerBalancer" is set to "PhaseGuard" or "FaultGuard". The inverter checks the relays connecting it to the grid before feeding power into the grid.Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG Message MSD-dI Description and corrective measure Internal measurement comparison fault or hardware defect. If the grid relays do not function properly. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often. please refer to section 5. Fault in the acquisition of measurement data. Internal measurement comparison fault or hardware defect. The Sunny Mini Central is part of a three-phase system with two further Sunny Mini Centrals. Internal measurement comparison fault or hardware defect. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often. contact the SMA Serviceline. contact the SMA Serviceline. A grid relay does not close. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often. Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline.6 ”Connection of the SMA Power Balancer” (page 39). Internal measurement comparison fault or hardware defect. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often. contact the SMA Serviceline. MSD-Fac MSD-Vac MSD-Timeout offset PowerBalance REL_INV_CLOSE REL_GRID_CLOSE 70 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .

SMA Solar Technology AG

Troubleshooting

Message REL_INV_OPEN REL_GRID_OPEN

Description and corrective measure A grid relay does not open. The inverter checks the relays connecting it to the grid before feeding power into the grid. If the grid relays do not function properly, the inverter does not connect to the grid for safety reasons. Corrective measures • If this fault message is displayed repeatedly, it means that inverter operation is permanently disabled. If the inverter is equipped with a communication interface, try to rectify the fault using a communication product.

Riso

• Should this be unsuccessful, contact the SMA Serviceline. The electrical insulation between the PV system and ground is faulty. The resistance between the DC plus and/or DC minus connection and ground is outside the defined limit range. Corrective measures • Check the plant insulation. • Check the plant for ground faults as described in section 9.3 ”The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault)” (page 74). The insulation measurement has failed. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline. The inverter's firmware is faulty. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline. The inverter has detected an insulation fault on the DC side. Corrective measures • Check the plant insulation. • Check the plant for ground faults as described in section 9.3 ”The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault)” (page 74). The inverter has detected an overcurrent on the AC side. It disconnects from the grid for safety reasons and then attempts to reconnect to the grid. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline. The inverter has detected a fault in the power electronics. It disconnects from the grid and then attempts to reconnect to the grid. Corrective measures • If this fault continues to occur, contact the SMA Serviceline.

Riso-Sense

ROM

SD-DI-Wandler

SD-Imax

SD-WR-Bruecke

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Troubleshooting

SMA Solar Technology AG

Message Shutdown

Description and corrective measure Temporary inverter fault. Corrective measures • Contact the SMA Serviceline. Internal program run fault. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline. The grid voltage on line 2 is no longer within the permissible range ("Bfr" or "Srr" is an internal message that has no meaning for the user). This code can be caused by any of the following conditions: • Grid disconnected (line circuit breaker, fuse), • AC cable is broken or • AC cable is highly resistive. For safety reasons, the inverter disconnects itself from the grid. Corrective measures • Check the grid current and grid connection on the inverter. • If the grid voltage lies outside the acceptable range because of local grid conditions, ask the utility operator if the voltages can be adjusted at the feed-in point or if they agree to changes in the values of the monitored operational limits (operating parameters: Vac-Min and Vac-Max). • If the grid frequency is within the tolerable range, yet "Vac-Bfr," or "Vac-Srr" faults are still being displayed, please contact the SMA Serviceline.

STM Timeout

Vac-Bfr Vac-Srr

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Troubleshooting

Message VpvMax Vpv-Max

Description and corrective measure Overvoltage at DC input. The inverter may be damaged. Corrective measures Immediately disconnect the inverter from the grid! 1. Turn off the line circuit breaker. 2. Remove the Electronic Solar Switch. 3. Disconnect all the DC plug connectors. 4. Check DC voltage: – If the DC voltage exceeds the maximum input voltage, check the plant design or contact the person who installed the PV generator. – If the DC voltage is under the maximum input voltage, reconnect the inverter to the PV generator as described in section 5.5.4 ”Connecting the PV Generator (DC)” (page 36). If the message occurs again, disconnect the inverter again and contact the SMA Serviceline (see section 13 ”Contact” (page 90)). The internal hardware monitor has detected an overvoltage condition in the intermediate circuit of the inverter. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline. Internal program run fault. Corrective measures • If this fault occurs often, contact the SMA Serviceline.

UZWK-Max UzwkMax

Watchdog Watchdog-Srr

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the PV generator may carry high voltages. 2. The approximate position of the ground fault can be determined from the ratio of the measured voltages between plus against ground potential and minus against ground potential. • Do not connect strings with ground faults to the inverter. NOTICE! Excessive voltages can destroy the measuring device! • Only use measuring devices with a DC input voltage range up to at least 1000 V.3 The Red LED Glows Continuously (Ground Fault) The inverter has detected a ground fault in the PV generator.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56).Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG 9. 74 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . there is a ground fault in the corresponding string. Proceed as follows to find it: 1. Measure the voltages between the plus and minus pole of a string against the ground potential. Disconnect the inverter from both the DC and AC connections as described in section 7. DANGER! Risk of lethal electric shock! In case of a ground fault. • Wait until no voltage can be measured. ☑ If voltage is found. • Do not touch the frame of the PV generator. Example: The ground fault is between the second and third module in this case.

4 The Red LED is Flashing A flashing red LED can have different causes and depends on the corresponding fault indication on the display: • <Check Varistor> display message: At least one of the varistors is defective (see section 9. Restart the inverter as described in section 7.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59).SMA Solar Technology AG Troubleshooting 3.4. 4. The installer of the PV generator must remedy the ground fault in the affected string before you may reconnect the string to the inverter. but without reconnecting the faulty string. Observe the following allocation of the terminals: • Terminal A: outer terminal (varistor connection with loop [crimp]) • Terminal B: middle terminal • Terminal C: outer terminal (varistor connection without loop [crimp]) You can check the varistors as follows: 1. Position of Varistors You can determine the position of the varistors with the help of the illustration below.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). 9.1 ”Checking the Function of the Varistors (<Check Varistor>)” (page 75)).2 ”Replacing the String Fuses (<DC fuse>)” (page 78)).1 Checking the Function of the Varistors (<Check Varistor>) Varistors are wearing parts.4. Open the inverter as described in section 7. Their functional efficiency diminishes with age or following repeated responses as a result of overvoltages. 9. 5. It is therefore possible that one of the thermally monitored varistors has lost its protective function.4. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 75 . • <DC fuse> display message: At least one of the string fuses is defective (see section 9. Repeat step 2 for each string.

• Close the inverter as described in section 7. With the aid of a multimeter. SMA Solar Technology AG recommends that you replace both varistors. The respective varistor is not working and must be replaced. induced overvoltage). the inverter is no longer protected against overvoltages. • Replacement varistors should be obtained as soon as possible. Result ☑ There is a conductive connection: Action There is probably a different fault in the inverter. • Contact the SMA Serviceline (see section 13 ”Contact” (page 90)). 76 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG 2.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59). • Do not operate the inverter without varistors in plants with a high risk of overvoltages. determine for both varistors in the installed state whether a conductive connection exists between connectors B and C. proceed to step 3. Varistor failure is generally due to influences which affect all varistors similarly (temperature. If varistors are missing. The varistors are specially manufactured for use in the inverter and are not commercially available. ☑ There is no conductive connection: NOTICE! Destruction of the inverter due to overvoltage. • To replace the varistors. age. You must order replacement varistors directly from SMA Solar Technology AG (see section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88)).

☑ This releases the terminals. 6. As an alternative. If you do not receive an insertion tool for operating the terminal clamps with your replacement varistors. Close the inverter as described in section 7. please contact SMA Solar Technology AG.3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59). Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 77 . Insert an insertion tool into the openings of the terminal contacts (1). the terminal contacts can be operated using a 3. ☑ The check and replacement of the varistors is completed. The pole with the small loop (crimp) must be fitted to terminal A (3) when remounting.5 mm wide screwdriver. Insert new varistor (3).SMA Solar Technology AG Troubleshooting 3. 5. 4. Remove the varistor (2).

This also applies if fewer strings are connected! 78 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . All fuse extractors must be consecutively removed with the string fuses. 3. Have the installer of the PV generator check the affected string and order the upgrade kit for the defective string fuse from SMA Solar Technology AG (see section 12 ”Accessories” (page 88)). 2.Troubleshooting SMA Solar Technology AG 9. NOTICE! The inverter can be damaged if the string fuses burn out! When using commercially available fuses. it cannot be ensured that they will function correctly and in case of a fault. 5. Observe the illustrated assignment to the strings.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56).2 Replacing the String Fuses (<DC fuse>) At least one string fuse is defective. Equip all slots with a string fuse To ensure that the fuse monitoring function is working properly. • Only use add-on kits provided by SMA Solar Technology AG. all 5 slots must be equipped with the appropriate fuses at all times. To do so. Check the conductivity using the circuit indicator.4. 4. the fuses may burn out. proceed as follows: 1. Open the inverter as described in section 7. A non-conductive fuse indicates a fault in the affected string. Note the string assignment. You can detect which fuse is defective using a circuit indicator.

3 ”Closing the Inverter” (page 59). Insert the fuse extractors in the slots. ☑ The defective string fuses have been replaced. Insert the string fuse from the add-on kit in the fuse extractor provided. Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 79 .SMA Solar Technology AG Troubleshooting 6. Close the inverter as described in section 7. 8. 7.

2. 5. Open the inverter as described in section 7.1 Dismantling the Inverter 1. Remove the two screws on the left and right side of the inverter that attach it to the wall bracket. Close the inverter with the 6 screws and the corresponding tooth lock washers. if applicable. Remove the inverter upwards from the wall mounting bracket. 3. 4. 7. 80 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . Remove the air grills from both sides. 6. Remove all cables from the inverter.2 ”Opening the Inverter” (page 56). Disconnect the anti-theft protection.Decommissioning SMA Solar Technology AG 10 Decommissioning 10.

2 Packing the Inverter If possible. and labeled "ZUR ENTSORGUNG" ("for disposal") (contact see section Page 90) Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 81 .3 Storing the Inverter Store the inverter in a dry place where ambient temperatures are always between -25 °C and +60 °C. 10.4 Disposing of the Inverter Dispose of the inverter at the end of its service life in accordance with the disposal regulations for electronic waste which apply at the installation location at that time. The rod must be pushed through the enclosure openings. always pack the inverter in its original packaging. 10. The carton must be completely closeable. 10.SMA Solar Technology AG Decommissioning 8. Alternatively. If it is no longer available. Use the side handles (above and below) or a steel rod (maximum diameter 30 mm) to transport the inverter. ☑ The inverter is dismantled. have a handle system and be made to support both the weight and size of the inverter. you can also use an equivalent carton. send it back to SMA Solar Technology AG with shipping paid by sender.

. may not exceed the maximum input voltage.5 Hz . 54.Technical Data SMA Solar Technology AG 11 Technical Data 11.5 Hz 60 Hz: 55. AC power Nominal AC current Max.. PAC > 0. AC current Max. Grid connection data AC nominal power Max. PV input voltage Input voltage..15 kV 4 kV (serial interface: 6 kV) 0..5 PACNom) Nominal operating voltage Voltage range (extended operating range) Nominal operating frequency Frequency range PACNom PACMax IACNom IACMax KIAC UACnom UAC fACnom fAC 9000 W 9000 W 40 A 40 A 10000 W 10000 W 44 A 44 A 80 A <4% 11000 W 11000 W 48 A 48 A 220 V / 230 V / 240 V 180 V ... which can occur at a cell temperature of -10 °C. input current Max.15 W (extended operating range) Power factor (at nominal output cos ϕ power) Overvoltage category Test voltage (50 Hz) Test surge voltage Internal consumption in night mode 82 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .5 Hz .5 Hz 1 III 2. 500 V DC 400 V 400 V 400 V 28 A 31 A 34 A 9300 W 10350 W 11400 W < 10 % of the input voltage <8W SMC 11000TL-10 a)The maximum open circuit voltage. input power Voltage ripple Internal consumption during operation UPV 0 UPV UPV Start IPVMax PDC Upp SMC 10000TL-10 700 V a) (Based on -10 °C cell temperature) 333 V . fuse protection Harmonic distortion of output current (at KUgrid < 2 %.. adjustable Max. 64. MPP range PV start voltage. 260 V 50 Hz / 60 Hz 50 Hz: 45..1 Sunny Mini Central 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL SMC 9000TL-10 PV generator connection data Max.

. operating altitude Topology Fan connection Protection class Noise emission (typical) Protective function DC side All-pole disconnection unit on the DC input side Overvoltage protection Personnel protection Pole confusion protection Protective function AC side Short circuit proof Class 4K4H Extended temperature range: -25 °C to +60 °C Extended humidity range: 0 .) approx. 100 % Extended air pressure range: 70 kPa to 106 kPa class 2K3 Temperature range: – 25 °C .SMA.. +70 °C – 25 °C .. +60 °C 3000 m above mean sea level Transformerless Designed for safe disconnection in accordance with DIN EN 50178:1998-04 I ≤ 42 dB(A) ≤ 45 dB(A) ≤ 46 dB(A) Electronic Solar Switch. DC plug system SUNCLIX Thermally monitored varistors Insulation monitoring (Riso > 1 M Ω ) Via short-circuit diode Current control Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 83 .de/en 468 mm x 613 mm x 242 mm (approx.. 35 kg IP65 Transport of type E: Operation temperature range Max..SMA Solar Technology AG Technical Data SMC 9000TL-10 General data EC Declaration of Conformity SMC 10000TL-10 SMC 11000TL-10 Dimensions (W x H x D) Weight Protection rating in accordance with DIN EN 60529 Climatic conditions according to DIN EN 50178:1998-04: Location of type C: Enclosed documentation package Download area www..

50 switching processes 35 A 800 V Approx. efficiency European efficiency SMC SMC SMC 9000TL-10 10000TL-10 11000TL-10 Automatic disconnection device (SMA Grid Guard 2. 12 kW IP65 IP21 ηmax ηeuro 97.5 % 97.Technical Data SMA Solar Technology AG All-pole disconnection unit grid side Communication interfaces RS485 (galvanically isolated) Radio Bluetooth® Wireless Technology Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) Electrical service life (in the event of a short circuit.6 % 98 % 97.1) optional optional optional Min. with a nominal current of 35 A) Maximum switching current Maximum switching voltage Maximum PV power Protection rating when plugged Protection rating when unplugged Efficiency Max.5 % Efficiency curve 84 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .

adjustable Max..5 Hz 60 Hz: 55. configurable Overvoltage category Test voltage (50 Hz) Test surge voltage Internal consumption in night mode SACNom SACMax IACNom IACMax KIAC UACnom UAC fACnom fAC cos ϕ 9000 VA 9000 VA 40 A 40 A 10000 VA 10000 VA 44 A 44 A 80 A <4% 11000 VA 11000 VA 48 A 48 A 220 V / 230 V / 240 V 180 V . AC current Max. AC power Nominal AC current Max. 500 V DC 400 V 400 V 400 V 28 A 31 A 34 A 9300 W 10350 W 11400 W < 10 % of the input voltage <8W (at cos ϕ = 1) Voltage ripple Upp Internal consumption during operation a) The maximum open circuit voltage. input power UPV 0 UPV UPV Start IPVMax PDC 700 V a) (Based on -10 °C cell temperature) 333 V . 64. may not exceed the maximum input voltage.5 Hz .2 Sunny Mini Central 9000TL / 10000TL / 11000TL with Reactive Power Control SMC SMC SMC 9000TLRP-10 10000TLRP-10 11000TLRP-10 PV generator connection data Max... PAC > 0..8overexcited ..8underexcited III 2. fuse protection Harmonic distortion of output current (at KUgrid < 2 %...15 W Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 85 .15 kV 4 kV (serial interface: 6 kV) 0..5 Hz .SMA Solar Technology AG Technical Data 11.5 Hz 0.5 PACNom) Nominal operating voltage Voltage range (extended operating range) Nominal operating frequency Frequency range (extended operating range) Displacement power factor. which can occur at a cell temperature of -10 °C.. 0. input current Max. PV input voltage Input voltage.. 260 V 50 Hz / 60 Hz 50 Hz: 45. MPP range PV start voltage. Grid connection data AC nominal power Max. 54.

+60 °C 3000 m above mean sea level Transformerless Designed for safe disconnection in accordance with DIN EN 50178:1998-04 I ≤ 42 dB(A) ≤ 45 dB(A) ≤ 46 dB(A) Electronic Solar Switch.Technical Data SMA Solar Technology AG SMC SMC SMC 9000TLRP-10 10000TLRP-10 11000TLRP-10 General data EC Declaration of Conformity Enclosed documentation package Download area www. +70 °C – 25 °C . operating altitude Topology Fan connection Protection class Noise emission (typical) Protective function DC side All-pole disconnection unit on the DC input side Overvoltage protection Personnel protection Pole confusion protection – 25 °C ..de/en Dimensions (W x H x D) 468 mm x 613 mm x 242 mm (approx...SMA. 100 % Extended air pressure range: Transport of type E: 70 kPa to 106 kPa class 2K3 Temperature range: Operation temperature range Max. DC plug system SUNCLIX Thermally monitored varistors Insulation monitoring (Riso > 1 M Ω ) Via short-circuit diode 86 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide .) Weight approx. 35 kg Protection rating in accordance with IP65 DIN EN 60529 Climatic conditions according to DIN EN 50178:1998-04: Location of type C: Class 4K4H Extended temperature range: -25 °C to +60 °C Extended humidity range: 0 ....

12 kW IP65 IP21 ηmax ηeuro 97.1) optional optional min. with a nominal current of 35 A) Maximum switching current Maximum switching voltage Maximum PV power Protection rating when plugged Protection rating when unplugged Efficiency Max.7 % 97. 50 switching processes 35 A 800 V Approx.3 % Efficiency curve Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 87 .SMA Solar Technology AG Technical Data SMC SMC SMC 9000TLRP-10 10000TLRP-10 11000TLRP-10 Protective function AC side Short circuit proof All-pole disconnection unit grid side Communication interfaces RS485 (galvanically isolated) Bluetooth Electronic Solar Switch (ESS) Electrical service life (in the event of a short circuit. efficiency European efficiency Current control Automatic disconnection device (SMA Grid Guard 2.

including antenna. fuse protector) Add-on kit with 5 10 A fuses (incl.Accessories SMA Solar Technology AG 12 Accessories You will find the corresponding accessories and replacement parts for your product In the following overview. and PG threaded joint (metal) Bluetooth communication interface Power Reducer Box Set of thermally monitored varistors (2 pcs. fuse protector) Add-on kit with 5 16 A fuses (incl. fuse protector) Add-on kit with 5 20 A fuses (incl. If required. fuse protector) Add-on kit with 5 12 A fuses (incl.) including insertion tool Installation tool for varistors SMC 11000TL-10 SMC 11000TLRP-10 FUSEKIT 8A-NR FUSEKIT 10A-NR FUSEKIT 12A-NR FUSEKIT 16A-NR FUSEKIT 20A-NR PBL-YCABLE-10 485PB-SMC-NR BEAMPB-NR -- Bluetooth upgrade kit Power Reducer Box Replacement varistors On request POWERREDUCERBOX MSWR-TV 7 Insertion tool for replacing the varistors SB-TVWZ 88 SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . coaxial cable. Description Brief description SMA order number SMC 9000TL-10 SMC 9000TLRP-10 SMC 10000TL-10 SMC 10000TLRP-10 8 A string fuses 10 A string fuses 12 A string fuses 16 A string fuses 20 A string fuses SMA Power Balancer Y cable RS485 upgrade kit Radio upgrade kit Add-on kit with 5 8 A fuses (incl. you can order these from SMA Solar Technology AG or your dealer. fuse protector) Connecting cable (2 x 2 m) for SMA Power Balancer connector system RS485 interface Radio Piggy-Back for upgrading a Sunny Mini Central for communication with Sunny Beam.

5 mm² … 6 mm² Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 89 .SMA Solar Technology AG Accessories Description Brief description SMA order number SMC 9000TL-10 SMC 9000TLRP-10 SMC 10000TL-10 SMC 10000TLRP-10 SMC 11000TL-10 SMC 11000TLRP-10 ESS-HANDLE:04 45-7202 SUNCLIX-FC6-SET Electronic Solar Switch ESS handle replacement part Air grills Air grill set "right and left" as spare part SUNCLIX DC plug Field connector for conductor connector cross sections 2.

de SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 Installation Guide . contact the SMA Serviceline.SMA.de SMA Serviceline Inverters: Communication: Fax: E-Mail: 90 +49 561 9522 1499 +49 561 9522 2499 +49 561 9522 4699 serviceline@SMA.Contact SMA Solar Technology AG 13 Contact If you have technical problems concerning our products. We require the following information in order to provide you with the necessary assistance: • Inverter type • Inverter serial number • Type and number of the PV modules connected • Optional equipment.g. communication devices • Blink code or display message of the inverter SMA Solar Technology AG Sonnenallee 1 34266 Niestetal. e. Germany www.

SMA Solar Technology AG Sonnenallee 1 34266 Niestetal Germany Tel. Trademarks All trademarks are recognized even if these are not marked separately. where necessary. and any use of such marks by SMA Solar Technology is under license.SMA Solar Technology AG Legal Restrictions The information contained in this document is the property of SMA Solar Technology AG. All rights reserved Installation Guide SMC9-11TLRP-IEN100640 91 .de or from the usual sales channels.de and can be downloaded or are available on paper from the usual sales channels if required. Exclusion of liability The general terms and conditions of delivery of SMA Solar Technology AG shall apply. statutory safety regulations in the deployment location • Ignoring safety warnings and instructions contained in all documents relevant to the product • Operating the product under incorrect safety or protection conditions • Altering the product or supplied software without authority • The product malfunctions due to operating attached or neighboring devices beyond statutory limit values • In case of unforeseen calamity or force majeure The use of supplied software produced by SMA Solar Technology AG is subject to the following conditions: • SMA Solar Technology AG rejects any liability for direct or indirect damages arising from the use of software developed by SMA Solar Technology AG.de E-Mail: info@SMA. SMA Factory Warranty The current guarantee conditions come enclosed with your device. either partially or in full. However. Guarantee or liability claims for damages of any kind are excluded if they are caused by one or more of the following: • Damages during transportation • Improper or inappropriate use of the product • Operating the product in an unintended environment • Operating the product whilst ignoring relevant. These are also available online at www. The latest version is available online at www. Any internal company copying of the document for the purposes of evaluating the product or its correct implementation is allowed and does not require permission. The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by Bluetooth SIG. Inc. requires the written permission of SMA Solar Technology AG. Publishing its content. No guarantee is made for the completeness of these documents.SMA.SMA. discrepancies cannot be excluded.de © 2004 to 2010 SMA Solar Technology AG. This also applies to the provision or non-provision of support activities. The content of these documents is continually checked and amended. Missing designations do not mean that a product or brand is not a registered trademark. • Supplied software not developed by SMA Solar Technology AG is subject to the respective licensing and liability agreements of the manufacturer. +49 561 9522-0 Fax +49 561 9522-100 www.SMA.

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