Rotariu Alexandru Daniel

Discussion Group I

Literature and Science: Middle Ages
Pamela Gossin, Encyclopedia of Literature and Science

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The period from A.D. 500 to 1400. Medieval science and philosophy viewed nature as the universe created by God. Human beings has an assigned place in nature- a divine order In order to express moral order (to theorise it) the poetic mode was developed, based on allegory/ metaphor The moral level of meaning interprets heterogeneous natural phenomena Alan de Lille's Complaint of Nature : faults human pervesity in two areas: language and sexuality. Alan de Lille offers a clearer illustration of allegory in the poetic mode in his Anticlaudianus: the cart and the seven liberal arts. In the poetic mode, literature, philosophy, and science are not treated separately but in a special kind of medieval writing called "fabulous narrative." Aristotelian cosmology: o Earth was a sphere sitting in a much larger also spherical universe. o Earth in the center of the Universe o From Earth to the Moon was the sublunary realm: things were perpetual; prime matterwas thought to be inert and to possess no properties. But had four qualities that made it sensible: hot, cold, dry, and moist. o beyond the sphere of the Moon: changeless realm. Aristotle¶s doctrine of natural place: the world below the moon was structured into four concentric regions or proper places. Moving from the moon downward we have fire, air, water, and finally earth Dante: Aristotelian version of Christian universe; God as the prime mover Chauser: natural vs. judicial astronomy o Natural astronomy: the influence of planets on weather; o Judicial astronomy: influence of planets on human destiny. Mars as Infortuna Minor, Saturn as Infortuna Major

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