How to Conduct Bunker Survey

What is Bunker Survey? The survey is carried out to measure and ascertain the quantity of Bunker onboard at the specific time. This survey is produced the report that states the amount of bunker, usually Fuel Oil (FO) and Diesel Oil (DO), and sometimes Lubricating Oil (LO) is included.

Commonly this is done prior to and after a time charter period than mentions as On Hire Bunker (prior) and Off Hire Bunker (after), the Bunker Survey is required to check the amount Bunker transferred or supplied onto the Ship’s Tanks. This job is associated with Ship’s Chief Engineer, the Person who responsible for bunker onboard. In this post limits to how to conduct the Bunker Survey on the ship tanks only. Survey Tools required for Bunker Surveyor Notes Book, Sounding Tape, Thermometer, Density Meter for Oil (0.750 -1.000), Oil and Water Paste, Petroleum ASTM Table 54B (for Product Oil) and Table 56, Google and Glove, Flashlight, Sampling Can, Bottle or Can for Sampling (if required taken samples). Steps for Conducting Bunker Survey Identify and records the number and Depth of Tank, Reference Height, and Measuring Method recommended to use (Ullage or Sounding) for each Oil Tank. Sounding is determined the level of liquid tank from the bottom of the tank to the liquid surface (typically applied for light liquid). Ullage means to determine the level of liquid of tank by measured the empty space from top of the Tank (the mouth of

Sounding Pipe) to the liquid surface (typically applied for heavy liquid). The both methods will point to the same result. Record the Last Bunker Report, Time and Place of last Bunker supplied, includes the Oil density. Records the quantity of bunker onboard when the ship arrives at Port (arrival Condition) as per Engine Log Book. Checking the accuracy of the Sounding Tape, it is recommended to use your own Sounding Tape. In case we used Ship’s Sounding Tape, please checking the tape. Sounding each Oil Tank and records the level of Oil on the tank. Attached the sounding Tape with Oil Paste to make easy and clear to show of oil level (recommended for Light Oil). Check the Ship’s Draft Marks to get the Ship Trim for Trim correction, and check the ship Inclination or Listing for List Correction, that is required to calculate the Tank Quantity Table. Taken Oil sample, check temperature and oil density, for the accessible tank only. The Service and Settling Tanks are not accessible due to the oil on that tanks were in heating condition at the high temperature. We could records the tank gauging for determining the quantity, the temperature at the thermometer available on each tank, and the Oil Density from the Engine Log Book. If you could not taken the oil sample for checking density, it is recommended to calculate the Density Commingle, by means the Combine Density between two Oils (Old and New Oils) that has mixed on one tanks which they have different in Density. Where it is approaching the actual oil density, the pattern is {(Old Oil Quantity x Oil Density / Total Oil on Tank) + (New Oil Quantity x Oil Density / Total Oil on Tank)}. Calculations, this stage will involved the Sounding level of each tank, Ship’s Trim and List, Tank Quantity Table (provided by Ship’s Chief Engineer), Oil Density and Temperature, ASTM Table 54B to ascertain the Volume Correction Factor (VCF – to convert from Cubic Meter to Kiloliter) and ASTM Table 54B for Weight Correction Factor (WCF – to convert from Kiloliter to Metric Ton). Example to calculate Density Commingle: FO Tank No. 1 C, total oil on tank 400 Cu.M, Old Oil 200 Cu.M with density 0.9870, and New Oil 200 Cu.M with density 0.9720. Density Commingle = {(200 x 0.9870 / 400) + (200 x 0.9720 / 400)} = 0.4935 + 0.4860 = 0.9795. Issued the Tank Sounding and Bunker Report. I think now you could conduct Bunker Survey, the Detail of Bunker Survey Calculation will be post shortly. Let me know if I miss something by your comments and feedbacks. Regards, Surveyors

. Now.Table ASTM 54B (VCF) and Table ASTM 56 (WCF).20 M = 157.Tank Sounding data and Tank Capacity Table. The Corrected Sounding means below is the sounding after correcting with vessel’s trim and list. I have explained the general step for Bunker Survey conducts.27 Meter. the topic is about the way to calculate ship bunker that we have found on the ship tanks.Bunker Survey Calculation In my last post How To Conduct Bunker Survey.30 M = 163. 1 Center.60 Cubic Meter. Tank Volume at Sounding 3. ** Question : FO Tank No.and density @ 15*C = 0. It is suggested to read the last post to become familiar with calculation.9903 (given density). Now we could go with sample of 1 tank to test the calculation. Corrected Sounding = 3. at Sounding 3. The bunker calculation is simple and needs the following: .20 Cubic Meter.Oil Density @15*C. . . . Temperature = 34*C.Temperature of Oil on Tanks.

.27 – 3.9903 = 0.0011 = 0.07/0. .Observe Volume = {(3.20 = 161.85 MT. Sample calculation tanks sounding attached below.60 – 157.48 + 157. .20 = (0.20 = 4.So.9870 x 0.9892).T 54B (VCF) > Density @ 15*C 0.** Answer : .20) / (3.30 – 3. .M.20) x (163.68 Cu.0011 = 0.10) x (6. The Quantity in MT is 161.9870 (see the above picture you need to interpolate if any different numbers on both columns).9903 = 0.9892 = 157.68 x 0.The Quantity in Metric Ton = Oil Vol x VCF x WCF. We don’t need to see the table anymore.40) + 157.20)} + 157.9903 – 0.9892 (Quick formula with reducing factor for WCF is Density @ 15*C – 0. ASTM Table 54B – T 56 (WCF) : Density @15*C 0.

Note : If you do calculation with Volume in Barrel. . For the above calculation. you could try the software 7s-BunkerCal (Password: 123456). 2011 at 12:00 pm said: Thanks for your correction. Surveyors on November 30. just uses ASTM Table 6B for VCF. Surveyors 1. Dear Just drop your comments around this topic. Download available at thanking you naresh 2. would u plzz send me the soft copy of astm table nd 54b table for just reference plz send me in my mail thank you naresh 3.komara21@gmail. 2011 at 1:19 pm said: dear sir. ASTM Table 11 for WCF in Long Ton and then ASTM Table 13 for WCF in Metric Ton. plz send me astm table nd astm table 54b of copy soft copy in my mail naresh. naresh on December 21. The mistype has already fixed on the post.

2011 at 7:50 pm said: . 2011 at 11:14 pm said: What is the physical principle to use the WCF? 7. Dear Tore. naresh on November 15. Regards. 2011 at 9:46 am said: Dear Naresh. 2011 at 8:37 am said: WCF is a factor for converting volumes to weight-in-air. Surveyors 6. Surveyors 4. See also the definition at http://www.9870? Regards.9903? Isn’t the given density at 15C is 0. gaj on November 29. 5. I will post more next time. Surveyors on November 29. Tore103 on November 28. I have just inserted 2 posts about petroleum survey.Regards.sevensurveyor. Surveyors 8. 2011 at 6:06 pm said: Can you please clarify in worked example how you got the figure of 0. Surveyors on November 23.

Just find the ullage that point to 11. If use astm table 54b.9886 = 11.910 the factor in astm table 54b is 0. 2011 at 6:36 pm said: im looking for relation direct between density at 15 and density observed.910 @ 30*c) : VCF initial (0.250 m3.336. you should calculate the final volume m3 after heating where: 11.49 m3. Actually it has the simple formula. Check the astm table for your cargo density and heating temperature.25 m3 : 0.164. by this way: Density 15=f (Dobs.sir thank for ur tremodous information about bunker will plz give me some valuable information about petroleum products survey. As per above tank. If the heating applied.9886 = 11. That means you have loaded excessive volume to the intended ullage. Regards.T) and tanks.207.17 m3. Surveyors on October 18.250 m3 x 0.250 m3 x 0.910 @ 20*c) 11.121.164. the more volume reach. Then 11. If your tank capacity is 50m x 25m x 10m = 12.thank u waiting for replay 9. Nabil on November 9. you should find the the quantity in m3 at 1m ullage. then temperature increased to 30*c and density at 0. The oil nature is the more temperture hit.910 @ 20*c the factor is 0.17 m3. 2011 at 10:20 am said: Dear Harendra.250 m3 x 0. To cope with this issue.250 m3 is the maximum volume in m3 that required for your tank.9962. you 1m ullage is 50m x 25m x 9m = 11.9962 = 11. loaded volume = volume m3 at intended ullage x VCF final (0. dear all. and 11.9886 : 0.75 m3 : 0.25 m3 @ 15*c. Your cargo will be save at 1m ullage after heating.17 m3. 10.121.9886. The m3 @ 15*c. Surveyors . when density 0.500 m3.9662 = 11. and your volume m3 will be increased to 11.9962 = 11.

eng.910@15*c in vacuum is loaded at the temperature of 20*c. Q (1)–a cargo tank 50x25x10m has the ullagepipe 0. 2011 at 11:15 pm said: sir. 2011 at 2:56 pm said: sir can you give me some guide of how to calculate LPG ship’s that are discharging ammonia? . 2011 at 3:15 am said: hi can you send me astm table 54b (PDF) showing in the above example kind regards 15.(use ASTM table) pls give me full method with sove question. 2011 at 3:21 pm said: Bom dia Senhor. Bayot on July my question…. Benjamim on September 28.The oil will be heated during the voyage to a temperature of 30*c. ezzat awa on August 2.6m high.i am mariners to prepation for secondmate exam.I want to calculation regarding ASTM table for exam purpose. 2011 at 5:21 pm said: hi can you send me astm table 54b (PDF) showing in the above example 13.oil of density 0. thanks 12.11.calculate the loading which time a minimum ullage of 1 m from the top of the pipeis required. kumar on September 30. Remars S. Gostaria de receber mais informacoes sobre calclo de calado 14. harendra yadav on October 9.

Regards. Hi Korso. Faisal .Sivamagesh 18. As you are working with the surveyor company. Thks & Rgds G. thanks.i hope you can give me one sir…. My personal mail Hope you can work with it. 2011 at 11:43 am said: Dear Sivamagesh. Thanks for your comment.. Surveyors 17.D is sivamagesh777@yahoo. Surveyors on July 1. sivamagesh on June 27. My contact number is 09789903768. you could check at software page. 2011 at 10:00 am said: The copies you meant is not legal copy to distribute. it would be better to learn directly from your company colleague. Regards. 16. you should order it from ASTM website. I have load the simple program for ASTM table. 2011 at 9:17 pm said: Sir. For references. I want to known about draft survey basically what can i do for that now I am working in Inspecrate Griffth India pvt ltd as a tally clerk I want to known about draft survey and bunker survey accurately I want some examples about draft and bunker survey calculation.Kindly teach me ya. Surveyors on February 17.

2011 at 9:16 am said: Thanks. Faisal 21. Regards. I have some assignments to do. Surveyors 20. it is correct when the temperature at 31 and density 0. Faisal Regards. Faisal .org.9905 you will get VCF at for more detail. 2011 at 9:19 am said: You may take long distance course for marine survey at IIMS (international Institute For Marine Surveyor). Regards. Hi Naina. Surveyors on February 17. Dear Paul. Surveyors on February 17. there is no different way to calculate between small ship and big ship.9903 where the VCF is 0. The calculation presented on the post is for general use.9870. 2011 at 9:23 am said: Sorry for late reply. please check the site http://iims. You could check the software page where I have load table 54B program. Regards. Surveyors on February 17.9891. But I was made the calculation at temperature 34 and density 0.19. hope it useful. Hi Evgeny.

that would help me verry mutch. Regards Naina . Faisal 23. and also pls guide to me to calculate Draft survey of barge from the capacity of 5000 DWT to 20. KORSO T. and I would thank you verry mutch for all the informations you’re provinding us with. best regards 24. many thanks in advance. Your kind help in this regard is highly appreciated. I’m a young marine surveyor from algeria. I hv been assign to give presentatino about these two by Thursday. Regards. I hv been working as Executive Operations in a shipping company since 2006. and have a nice swell. and I would like to ask you if you can provide me with a copy of Table ASTM 54B (VCF) and Table ASTM 56 (WCF). Dear Surveyors Mohamed on February 8.000 DWT. 2011 at 9:11 am said: Thanks for commenting.22. Hi Zakir. 2011 at 9:50 pm said: Hi. in fact the country were I am information are practically not available at all. 2011 at 12:41 pm said: I am not suveyor. Surveyors on February 17. ILIES on February 13. I would like to know how to calculate bunker in tug boats with the BHP 2500 to 4000 BHP.

2011 at 4:09 am said: Thanks very much for your concern in educating people freely. Paul Okuneh 26.1 (ASTM D 1250-04 and IP 200/04).25. 2011 at 4:23 pm said: I am switching from sea to shore job as a bigginner in ship survey your works and comments will be of good help for me. Paul Okuneh on February 6. Regards. 29. 2011 at 4:03 pm said: Thanks Capt. Miguel. Best Regards.9905 and fuel temp. Good day! Evgeny on February 5. +31C the true VCF is 0. As per API MPMS Chapter 11. . Dear Faisal.9891. zakir on February 1. Surveyors on February 1. I need your advice on the best certification I should go as regards Inspection Jobs. 27. Thanks for your valuable contribution in sharing knowledge for the advancement of the shipping industry in the area of surveying 28. Surveyors on February 1. 2011 at 4:03 pm said: Thanks Gouanfo. I am a Nigerian. Table 54B for your density +15C 0. 2011 at 9:36 am said: You have a mistake VCF in example table and as a result next steps of calculation is wrong.

2011 at 1:32 am VERY GOOD INFORMATION …THANKS A LOT…. 17085010 – D I M A R – COLOMBIA N I T No. said: CAPT. Hope you could help the other surveyors.C. ( r ) MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY – surveyorsaiz@hotmail. http://surveyor2007. Faisal 30.).Welcome onboard of Marine Surveying. ON HIRES / OFF HIRES IN COLOMBIAN NORTH PORTS. . MARINE SURVEYOR. MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY on January 26. Regards. DELIVERY / REDELIVERY. gouanfo innocent on January 26. 17085010 de Santa Fé de Bogotá. No. 2011 at 6:45 pm said: as I am switching from sea to shore job as a bigginner in ship survey your works and comments will be of good help for me. de C. 39 – 222 – Piso 2 – Carrera 41 No. PORT You could contribute your sea experience here. 17085010 – DIMAR –Col. Surveyors on January 22. PORT OPERATIONS. DRAFT SURVEYS. CONDITION SURVEYS. INDEPENDENT SHIP & CARGO SURVEYOR – CURRICULUM VITAE Capt. Thanks for your valuable contribution in sharing knowledge for the advancement of the shipping industry in the area of surveying 31. 2011 at 1:05 pm said: Thanks Vasim. CARGO INSPECTIONS. BUNKER SURVEYS. ( r ) MIGUEL SAIZ MONROY ( Lic. – Licencia de Navegación 71 – 79 Piso 2 – Barranquilla – Colombia – S. 17085010 – 0 – Régimen Simplificado Tel / Fax No.A. C. MARITIME INSPECTIONS. 5 7 5 – 3 0 1 5 9 7 5 – M o b i l e s: 3 0 0 8 0 2 6 7 6 7 y 3 0 0 8 0 3 7 2 0 7 – VHF Ch 16 Calle 72 No.Capt. ISM & ISPS INSPECTOR CONSULTANT. 32. D.

Dear Erwin. Surveyors on December 8. Yes. Contact me on :. Best Regards.Regards. 2010 at 2:21 pm said: . I will sol for u people…. 34.S. 2011 at 7:06 pm said: Dear all Surveyor’s…… If u want any kind of imformation or problem in calculation or any dout …. you need to attach Table ASTM 54B for the calculation program. 2010 at 2:29 pm said: Thanks. Dear Silvio. 2010 at 2:25 pm said: Yes. on January 14.vasimjam@yahoo. Surveyors 33. it is the easiest way to do draft survey. Vasim A. Surveyors on December 2010 at 1:43 am said: that in a report i must mention the amout of the damage exemple the collision between the ship and the tugboat 35. Surveyors on December 8. Surveyors 37. captaouf on December 27. Surveyors 36.

ali hussein on November 24. dear sirs silvio duarte on December 1. in connection with ullaging of ship’s tanks and quantity calculation. Regards. 2010 at 5:44 am said: .Dear Ali. I will post it shortly. erwin on December 5. The computer system will be needed together with table ASTM 54B. Could you please revert on this issue. 2010 at 1:15 am said: We need information on discharging supervision of marine bulk oil. tks 39. Surveyors 38. we just only make vessel on evenkeel and going to calculated the quantity. capt yacine on November 26. 40. 2010 at 12:01 pm said: if found no trim and hell correction. dear surveyor. 2010 at 11:26 pm said: draft survey: 2 em trim correction: what the precedure the found 2 trim correction the are 2 methode i want now secon d methode for second trim correction thank 41.

Surveyors on October 20. Mr. the tanks or flowmeter will re-check to get the quantity. A. After completing the transfer. I have changed it on the mentioned post. Surveyors on November 2. the feeder will prepare the pump and hose to connecting to the mother ship manifold. Regards. send me and explain the wedge formula. Regards. Thanks in advance yours faithfully 42. Then the feeder cast off.A on October 29. The mother tanks and/or flowmeter is checked and prepared by the ship crews. 2010 at 1:54 pm said: The Bunkering Process is commonly as the transfering oil from one ship to another. The quantity agreed could be ascertained by sounding or pointed by flowmeter. the feeder ship or barge that carried oil. When all preparation is completed. 2010 at 1:53 pm said: Thanks for your correction. Surveyors 43. the feeder will start to pump the oil to the mother tank as amount agreed. Dear Tyler.20. Mr. it was mistyped and should be 3. After alongside. 44. 2010 at 6:30 pm said: sir i need to know about bunkering process in detail…….Dear Faisal Could you please. will be alongside at the ship that needs the oil (lets say it mother). Surveyors . The process is simple.

tyler on October 20. Hi VINAY on October 20. 2010 at 2:17 am said: 47.20)} + 157. . dear Faisal. 49.07/0. 2010 at 4:09 pm said: it is this bunker calculation can be used in ullage or sounding calculation. The 34C should not be there.05 (where does it come from) in below part Observe Volume = {(3. Surveyors on August 8.M.30 – 3. 2010 at 1:12 pm said: The ullage and sounding are only the method to find the level of liquid on the tank.20 = (0. 46. 2010 at 11:55 am said: Thanks for feedback.20) / (3. Surveyors on September 27. Regards. Faisal 48. 2010 at 2:25 am said: thanks very useful step by step but please explain why you use 3.45.48 + 157. Hi Ixora.20 = 161. fatihah on September 26.60 – 157. After finding the liquid level. I have make mistyping. you could use the calculation for both with same formula.20 = 4.27 – 3.68 Cu.05) x (163.40) + 157. Dear Nash.10) x (6.

Have a nice day as well.9903 – 0.0011 = 0. 2010 at 2:20 am said: Thanks. 2010 at 4:49 pm said: Hi Faisal. Have a nice day 53. Surveyors on July 30.9892@34 C. 2010 at 1:24 am said: i do understand everything but .0011 = 0. WITH REFERNCE TO THE EXAMPLE ABOVE IVE COPIED THE CONFUSING PORTION BELOW “”T 56 (WCF) : Density @15C 0. Hi Rahdian. Surveyors 50. you also could send your contribution for this blog. Surveyors on July 26. hello surveyors.Regards.9892). you give a good contribute for as . We don’t need to see the table anymore”" 51. nash on August 1. Regards. 2010 at 10:12 pm said: . Rahdian on July 28. you have not shown the T56 table here its very confusing here with WCF.9903 at 34 C = 0. Surveyors 52. You are great. i dont understand is how ure getting the 0.9892 (Quick formula with reducing factor for WCF is Density @ 15C – 0.. Hi Reene.

Plz…in the image above I couldn’t see any values. I need this table very urgent. you could re-read http://sevensurveyor. Then you could download at downloading sidebar on my website the “Bunker survey guide. surveyors on July 7. 2010 at 1:04 am said: I have published two posts about bunker survey. sankadio on July 24.pdf” and “MEASUREMENT OF PETROLEUM ON BOARD MARINE VESSELS.Please be noted that the author of this blog is Surveyors / Faisal not Sadanand as you are Dear Indran. 2010 at 1:43 am said: good calculation and http://sevensurveyor. Could you please send me this ASTM54B Table softcopy. Reene on July 24. . It’s request from me. 2010 at 3:15 am said: I need soft copy of this ASTM table . Regards.pdf”. Surveyors 54. The four resources is good enough to guide you for conducting bunker survey. 56. If you are 55. Plz send me soon. Dear Sadanand. you could learn by joining the survey company in your country as well. 2010 at 3:16 am said: oh sorry my mail ID is : reene50@ymail. Reene on July 24.

Surveyors 58. Thank you indran 60. 2010 at 8:08 pm said: I just starting to learn how to conduct bunker surveying .Regards. Hi Aly. Surveyors 59. 2010 at 12:38 am said: I have ever answers the same comment as you had. Pingback: Marine and Cargo Surveyors . best regards Aly Hussein Regards. Dear Surveyor. Dear sir. surveyors on July 7. Kindly check one of the comment at post Draft Survey Procedures and Calculation >> http://sevensurveyor. indran on July 2. give some info from where i start.kindly pls explain. in case there are no Trim & List correction tables are available on board. how I can calculate the Trim & List correction of sounding. 2010 at 7:31 pm said: thank you indeed for Your contribution on this site. aly hussein on June 17.

aly hussein on May 12. 2010 at 2:25 pm said: Thanks for your reading and comment. 63. Aly Hussein 66. 2010 at 8:05 pm said: THANKS FOR THIS INFORMATIONS 64.62. 2010 at 2:31 pm said: Good day Way of simple explanation and a wonderful Regards. Daer Abu. 2010 at 5:47 pm said: . yours faithfully Aly Hussein 65. surveyors on May 1. in case there are no Trim & List correction tables are available on board. Sadanad. surveyors on May 30. Dear Sadanand. how you find out the Trim correction & List correction for sounding. 2010 at 2:46 pm said: Could you please explain. ABU SMITH on May 17. Dear Sadanand aly hussein on May 12.

That’s all.0 / 1. Vessel’s Trim : 1.0 / 1. 1C in MM ——————————— PORT / STARBOARD ———— LIST ….00 M is 300 MM (by Interpolation) LC at List 1.0 / 0. Dear all. I can afford you with the calculation you meant.00 / … ….800 – 100 = 1.00 …………… -200 / 000 / 200 / 400 / … ….. Sadanand on April 27.70 M.700 MM or 1.0 degree to Starboard Side.00 M.0 / … Corr …… 300 / 200 / 100 / 000 / -100 / -200 / -300 / From the both tables we could get the corrected sounding as below : Corrected Sounding (CS) = Sounding (S) + Trim Correction (TC) + List Correction (LC) TC at S 1.0 / 2. / 3.00 / 2.0 / 3. . 2010 at 6:22 pm said: Please explain the specimen of calculation to find out the corrected sounding corrected with trim and list. 1C in MM ——————————– TRIM ——————————– SOUNDING …… -1.00 …………… -600 / 000 / 400 / 600 / … …. may be post later.00 / 1. Sounding : 1.50 M or 1. CS = S + TC + LC. Surveyors 67. 3. 1C.0 / 2.00 …………… -600 / 000 / 600 / 800 / … List Correction for Tank No.0 degree to starboard (the right part beside 0.500 MM. 2.Briefly.00 / 0.50 M and Trim at 1. Example with Capacity Table : Fuel Tank No. 1. Vessel List : 1.0 degree) is -100 MM. Trim Correction for Tank No. CS = 1500 + 300 +(-100) = 1.. For the complete one.

surveyors on April 14. Dear Surveyor. 2010 at 8:57 am said: Thanks Sadanand. Sadanand on April 13. Thanks a lot. Best Regards. Sadanand 68. Hope could find more interesting topic on the next post. Regards. Sadanand . Faisal 69.Regards. 2010 at 4:36 pm said: The above post is excellent and gives a detailed survey procedure. Your contribution to this site is phenomenal.

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