# TRUSS MEMBER STIFFNESS MATRIX

d1 d2 j

@i d4

d3 d2

@j

d1

2  c2 cs − c − cs   2 2   cs s − c s −s  AE  [k ] =  −c 2 − cs c 2  L  cs  − cs −s 2 2  cs s  
d3 i d4

c = cos θ =

x j − xi L

s = sin θ =

y j −yi L

Construct the structure stiffness matrix [ K ] by superimposing the member stiffness matrices. 2.Construct the stiffness matrix of each member [k ] . 6.Identify the structure members and its nodes (or joint). 3. 4. points of concentrated loads.Label the nodes with unknown displacements (matrix [d D ] ). corners.[ D ] = [ K ][d ]  D   K DD    ⋯ =  ⋯     R   K    RD ⋮ K DR  d D    ⋯ ⋯  ⋯    ⋮ K RR  d R  Direct stiffness method for the analysis of indeterminate structures The analysis of indeterminate structures using the direct stiffness method is outlined in the following steps: 1. supporting points. and points of interest where displacements need to be determined. 5. Nodes are interconnection points.Identify the external loads (matrix [ D ] ). points of change in moments of inertia. joints.Obtain the displacement matrix [d D ] using the following equation: −1 [ d D ] =[ K DD ] [ D ] 7.Obtain the unknown nodal force matrix [ R ] using the following equation: [15-14] [ R ] =[K RD ][d D ] [15-15] .