ASME SECT.

VIII DIV-I DIVCODES, STANDARDS & SPECIFICATIONS

ASME Section VIII Division-1, 2 & 3 DivisionHistorical Development of ASME Section VIII DivDiv- 1, 2 & 3
± In the early 20th century, explosion of steam boilers in U.S was frequent. Occurring rate 1/day. ± 1914: ASME Boiler and pressure vessel code is published. ± 1925: First publication of Section VIII ± Unfired Pressure Vessels. ± 1934: API+ASME jointly published unfired pressure vessel code for petroleum industry. ± 1952: These two codes are merged in to single code: ASME Unfired Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII ± 1968: ASME Section VIII Div-2 is published and Divoriginal code became Div-1 Div± 1997: ASME Sec VIII division 3 is published.

ASME Section VIII Division-1, 2 & 3 DivisionASME Section VIII codes are most widely used worldwide. Section VIII is divided into three divisions: ± Division 1: Rules for construction of pressure vessels ± Division 2: Alternative Rules for construction of pressure vessels. ± Division 3: Alternative Rules for construction of high pressure vessels. Division 1 is used most often since it contains sufficient requirements for majority of pressure vessels. The main objective of ASME Code rules is to establish the minimum requirements that are necessary for safe construction and operation. ASME Code defines the requirements for material, design, fabrication, inspection and testing which are needed to achieve a safe design.

± Code requirements do not apply to non pressure parts. however welds which attach non pressure parts on pressure parts shall meet code rules.ASME Section VIII Division-1 DivisionScope: ± Applicable for pressure between 15 psig and 3000 psig. .

. Inspection engineer to size the vessel properly for its safe operation.Fabrication. Advantages of design codes: ± Proven design based on experience. ± Amendments of codes are being done at regular interval based on feed back data. institutions and organizations have developed standards and codes of the pressure vessel for ± Design ± Fabrication ± Inspection These codes and standards help the Design.World Wide Pressure Vessel Codes Different industrial nations. design improvements and technological up gradation in materials and fabrication processes. ± Inbuilt factor of safety.

g. pumps. turbines).ASME Section VIII Division-1 DivisionScope: ± Code identifies specific items for which it is not applicable.g. Pressure containers which are integral part of mechanical devices (e. This includes: Fired process tubular heaters (e. Piping system and their components. furnaces). .

HEATING BOILERS V. RULES FOR INSERVICE INSPECTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS XII. RECOMMANDATED RULES FOR CARE & OPERATION OF HEATING BOILERS VII. FIBERGLASS-REINFORCED PLASTIC PRESSURE VESSELS FIBERGLASSXI. PRESSURE VESSELS ±DIVISION-1 . NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS IV. MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS III. .DIVISIONDIVISIONIX. RECOMMANDATED RULE FOR CARE OF POWER BOILERS VIII. WELDING & BRAZING QUALIFICATIONS. RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION AND CONTINUED SERVICE OF TRANSPORT TANKS.ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSELS CODES I.. X. POWER BOILERS II.DIVISION-2 & DIVISION-3 DIVISION. NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION VI.

ASME Section VIII Division-1 DivisionStructure of Sec VIII Div-1: It is divided Divinto three subsections: ± Subsection A: It consists part UG.Subsection C: It covers requirements for several C: classes of material. Subsection B consists of ± Part UW for welded construction Part UF for forged construction Part UB for brazed construction . . general A: requirements for Method of construction . ± Subsection B: It covers requirements that B: apply to various fabrication methods. that apply to all pressure vessel parts.

1 Consists of: DIV± Introduction -U ± Subsection A -General Requirements (Part UG) ± Subsection B -Specific Requirements . ULT. UHX) ± Mandatory Appendices -Appendix 1 to 40 ± Non Mandatory Appendices -Appendix A. UCD.Structure of ASME Section VIII Div-1 DivASME SEC ±VIII DIV. MM (25 nos. « LL. UNF.Methods (Parts UW. UB) ± Subsection C -Specific Requirements . ULW.) . UF. C. UCI. UCL.Materials (Parts UCS. UHT. UHA.

Subsection A -General Requirements Part UG : General Requirements for all Methods of Construction and all Materials ± Materials UGUG-4 to UG-15 UG± Design UGUG-16 to UG-35 UG± Openings and Reinforcement UGUG-36 to UG-46 UG± Braced and stayed surfaces UGUG-47 to UG-50 UG± Ligaments UGUG-53 to UG-55 UG± Fabrication UGUG-75 to UG-85 UG± Inspection and Tests UGUG-90 to UG-103 UG± Markings and Reports UG-115 to UG-120 UGUG± Pressure Relief Devices UG-125 to UG-137 UGUG- .

Subsection B -Requirements pertaining to methods of Fabrication of Pressure Vessels Part UW : Requirements for Pressure vessels fabricated by Welding ± ± ± ± ± ± ± General UWUW-1 to UW-3 UWMaterials UWUW-5 Design UWUW-8 to UW-21 UWFabrication UWUW-26 to UW-42 UWInspection and Tests UWUW-46 to UW-53 UWMarkings and Reports UW-60 UWPressure Relief Devices UW-65 UW- Part UF : Requirements for Pressure vessel fabricated by Forging Part UB : Requirements for Pressure vessel fabricated by Brazing .

Cladding or with Applied Linings Part UCD ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Cast Ductile Iron . Integral Cladding. Weld Metal Overlay.Subsection C -Requirements pertaining to Classes of Materials Part UCS ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Part UNF ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Non Ferrous Materials Part UHA ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of High Alloy Steel Part UCI ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Cast Iron Part UCL ± Requirements for Welded Pressure Vessels Constructed of Material non corrosion resistant.

Subsection C -Requirements pertaining to Classes of Materials(Continued) Part UHT ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Ferritic Steels with Tensile Properties enhanced by Heat Treatment Part ULW ± Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Layered Construction Part ULT ± Alternative Rules for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Material having higher allowable stresses at lower temperatures Part UHX ± Rules for Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers .

UGUG-34 ---. 4. 5.FORMED HEAD . 6.BRACED & STAYED SURFACE UG ± 53 ± LIGAMENT UWUW -12 & 15 ± WELD EFFICIENCY & WELDED CONNECTION DESIGN UCS -56 ± REQUIRMENT OF PWHT UG -99 & 100 ± HYDROTEST & PNUMATIC TEST REQUIREMENT . 9.STRENGTH OF REINFORCEMENTS UG -47 ----. 10.THK OF SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG. UGUG-27 ----. 11.-----STIFFENING UG-29 -----STIFFENING RINGS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UGUG-32 & 33 ---. COVERS ELLIPSOIDAL. 2. TORISHERICAL. HEMISHERICAL. 3. 8. 7. 12.ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 COVERS THE DESIGN OF PRESSURE COMPONENTS AS LISTED BELOW ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.THK OF SHELLS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE UGUG-28 ----.OPENING IN PRESSURE VESSELS & REINFORCEMENTS UGUG-41 ---.UNSTAYED FLAT HEADS & COVERS UGUG-36 & 37 ---. CONICAL & TORICONICAL HEADS.

PRESSURE VESSEL ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UGUG-27 ----.THK OF SHELLS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE UGUG-28 ----. TORISHERICAL.THK OF SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG.-----STIFFENING UG-29 -----STIFFENING RINGS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UGUG-32 & 33 ---. COVERS ELLIPSOIDAL.BRACED & STAYED SURFACE UG ± 53 ± LIGAMENT . CONICAL & TORICONICAL HEADS.FORMED HEAD .OPENING IN PRESSURE VESSELS & REINFORCEMENTS UGUG-41 ---.UNSTAYED FLAT HEADS & COVERS UGUG-36 & 37 ---.STRENGTH OF REINFORCEMENTS UG -47 ----. UGUG-34 ---. HEMISHERICAL.

UWUW-12 & 15 ± WELD EFFICIENCY & WELDED CONNECTION DESIGN UCS -56 ± REQUIRMENT OF PWHT UG -99 & 100 ± HYDROTEST & PNUMATIC TEST REQUIREMENT .

STRUCTURE OF ASME SEC VIII DIV -1 CODE .

ASME Section VIII Division-1 DivisionDivision 1 also consists mandatory and non mandatory appendices: ± Mandatory Appendices: Appendices: It addresses the subjects that are not covered elsewhere in the code. Requirements of these appendices are not mandatory unless specified in purchase order. ± Nonmandatory Appendices: Appendices: It provides information and suggested good practices. Requirements of this appendices are mandatory. .

ASME Section VIII Division-2 Division± Scope of division 2 is identical to that of division 1. . ± Allowable stress values are higher for division 2 that division 1. however there is no limitation on higher pressure. hence division 2 vessels are thinner ± Vessels constructed with division 2 are economical over division 1 when saving in material cost is higher than the additional cost required to meet stringent requirements of division 2. ± Economical for higher pressure applications and for more expensive alloy materials.

Pressure limit 2. Principal Stress 4.ASME Section VIII Division 1 and 2 1.3 * MAWP No limitation on pressure. Joint Efficiency 0.S.D. &Design Report Certification Required 1.5 Membrane Stress 3. 1 8. Material Weight Higher Than Div. Stress Analysis --> Max. however Div-3 is applicable above 10000 psig -->> 3 Membrane Stress + Bending Stress.0 6. 2 . Design Factor Up to 3000 psig --> 3. . Certification 7.Engineer.75 to 1. Fatigue Maximum Shear Stress Theory -->> No Joint Efficiency Factor U. Stress Theory Theory --> 5.25 * Design Pressure 15 % Less than Div. Hydrostatic Test Pressure Not Required 1.

± Design rules: Maximum shear stress Elastic plastic analysis Fracture mechanics evaluation ± Material and NDE requirements more stringent than division 1 and 2 .ASME Section VIII Division-3 Division± Applied to vessels operating at internal or external design pressure is generally above 10000 psig.

PARTS OF THE PRESSURE VESSELS 1. SUPPORTS 5. NOZZLE REINFORCEMENT PADS 6. NOZZLES 4. SHELL 3. INTERNALS & EXTERNAL ATTACHMENTS . HEADS/END CLOSURES 2.

LOAD DUE TO ATTACHED EQUIPMENTS. WEIGHT OF THE VESSEL AT OPERATING AND TEST CONDITION. I ( CLAUSE UG-22) UG1. 8. 6. FATIGUE LOADING DUE TO THERMAL AND PRESSURE VARIATIONS. 4. EXTERNAL / INTERNAL ATTACHMENT 7. 5. 9. 2. WIND LOADING. CORROSION ALLOWANCES.Design considerations FOLLOWING LOADINGS TO BE CONSIDERED IN DESIGNING THE VESSELS AS PER ASME SEC. 10. VIII DIV. WELD JOINT EFFICIENCY. 3. INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE AT DESIGN TEMPRATURE. EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE AT DESIGN TEMPRATURE. . SEISMIC LOADING.

VERTICAL VESSEL TYPE OF VESSEL DEPENDING UPON THE FUNCTIONS : 1. OR BY THE APPLICATION OF HEAT FROM A DIRECT OR INDIRECT SOURCE. SHELL & TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER . TYPE OF VESSELS DEPENDING UPON THE ORIENTATION: 1.WHAT IS PRESSURE VESSEL ? PRESSURE VESSEL IS CONTAINER FOR THE CONTAINMENT OF PRESSURE. OR ANY COMBINATION THEREOF. EITHER INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL. COLUMNS / ADSORBERS 3. STORAGE VESSEL 2. THIS PRESSURE MAY BE OBTAINED FROM AN EXTERNAL SOURCE. HORIZONTAL VESSEL 2.

UGFOR EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE. SPHERICAL SHELL DESIGN OF CYLINDRICAL SHELL UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE AS PER ASME SEC-VIII SECDIVDIV-1. UG-27. CYLINDRICAL SHELL 2. CL.SHELL SHELL IS THE MAIN PART OF THE VESSEL. TYPES OF THE SHELL 1. UG-28 UG- . SHELL TO BE DESIGN AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIVSECDIV1 CL.

VESSEL CONSTRUCTION
Long. Seam Circ. Seam

D¶end Shell Nozzle

Typical Vessel
BOT SPOOL D-End CIRC. SEAM LONG SEAM D/E SEAM

MANWAY NOZZLE D-End SHELL NOZZLE

HEADS / ENDCLOSURES
HEAD IS THE PART WHICH CLOSES THE END OPENING OF THE CYL. SHELL

TYPES OF THE HEADS :
1. HEMISPHERICAL HEAD 2. ELLIPTICAL HEAD 3. TORISPHERICAL HEAD 4. CONICAL HEAD 5. TORICONICAL HEAD 6. BOLTED BLIND FLANGE DESIGN OF ELLIPTICAL HEAD UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV-1, CL. UG-32. SECDIVUGFOR EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE, HEAD TO BE DESIGN AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV-1 CL. UG-33 SECDIVUG-

Formed Heads (Continued«) .

SINGLE PIECE DISHEND .

CROWN & PETAL D¶END Petals Crown Crow n Plate Petal Plate .

TORISPHERICAL DISHEND Seamless(one-piece head) .

HEMISPHERICAL DISHEND Spherical seamless head(ID 3..steel SA387 Gr 11) .. 92mmThk.4mt.

1mt.FLAT HEADS Flat Head (OD 4.Knuckle radius 100mm) .

BOLTED BLIND FLANGE Detail of Manhole .

FORGED NECK WITH FLANGE CONNECTION NOZZLE NECK TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I CL. NOZZLES CONSISTS OF NOZZLE NECK. UG-45 UGRF PAD FOR THE NOZZLE TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I CL. PIPE NECK WITH FLANGE CONNECTION 2. UG-36 UGNON STD.5 UG- . FLANGE TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I. APPXAPPX-2 & STD FLANGE TO BE SELECTED AS PER UG-44/ASME B16. FLANGE & RF PAD TYPES OF THE NOZZLES / CONNECTIONS : 1.NOZZLES / CONNECTIONS NOZZLES ARE THE OPENINGS PROVIDED IN THE SHELL/ HEAD FOR CONNECTING THE EXTERNAL PIPING WITH VESSEL.

Nozzle Details .

SUPPORTS FOR VESSEL SUPPORTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THE INSTALLATION OF THE VESSEL ON THE FOUNDATION. LEG TYPE SUPPORT 2. TYPE OF SUPPORTS 1. SKIRT TYPE SUPPORT (CYLINDRICAL/CONICAL) 3 BRACKET TYPE SUPPORT 4. SADDLE SUPPORT ± .

SKIRT DETAIL .

Detail of Skirt .

C & D REFER TABLE UCS-23 FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOW STEEL UCSREFER TABLE UHA-23 FOR HIGH ALLOY STEEL. PIPES. FLANGES & FITTING.MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION FOR VESSEL ASME LISTS THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF THE MATERIAL FOR PLATES. --. FORGINGS.ASME SEC II PART A.B. TUBES. UHA- .

WELD JOINT EFFICIENCY AS PER UW-12 UW3. IMPACT TEST REQUIREMENT AS PER UCS-65/66 UCS- .1 . WELDING/WELDER QUALIFICATION AS PER ASME SEC IX 5. PWHT REQUIREMENT AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV . UG-56 UG6. WELDING OF NOZZLES WITH SHELL AS PER UWUW-16 4.FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS 1. CL. WELD JOINT CATEGORIES AS PER UW-3 UW2.

ASME Section VIII Division-1: DivisionFabrication It covers the fabrication requirements as listed below ± ± ± ± Weld joint categories as per UW-3 UWWeld joint efficiency as per UW ±12 Welding of nozzles with shell as per UW ±16 Welding/welder qualification as per ASME Sec IX ± PWHT requirement as per UG-56 UG± Impact test requirement as per UCS-65 & UCSUG 84 .

ASME Section VIII Division-1: DivisionFabrication Weld Joint Categories UW-3 UW- .

g.NDT TESTING ALL BUTT JOINTS TO BE RT/UT/MPT/DP TESTED AS PER ASME CODE REQUIREMENT ALL CORNER JOINTS e. ALL FILLET WELDS SHALL BE DP TESTED.3 x DESIGN PRESSURE (UG-99) --> (UG± PNEUMATIC TEST ---> 1. NOZZLE TO SHELL JOINT SHALL BE MPT/DP TESTED.1 x DESIGN PRESSURE (UG-100) OFFICIAL STAMP FOR CODED VESSELS ± µU¶ STAMPS --. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR NDT REQUIREMENT FOR WELD JOINT Appendix 4 Rounded Indications Charts Acceptance Standard for Radiographically Determined Rounded Indication in Welds Appendix 6 Methods for Magnetic Particle Examination (MT) Appendix 8 Methods for Liquid Penetrate Examination (PT) Appendix 12 Ultrasonic Examination of Welds (UT) EQUIPMENT TEST : .1 . VIII DIV.ASME SEC.HYDROTEST --> 1.

45 % TO 0. MINIMIZES HARD ZONE ADJACENT TO WLED 3.45 % OPTIONAL 0.PREHEATING REQUIREMENT PREHEATING REDUCES THE SUSCEPTIBILTY OF THE WELDMENT TO COLD CTACKING /HYDROGEN CRACKING PREHEATING REQUIREMENTS DEPENDING ON THE CARBON EQUIVALENT (CE) CE % SUGGESTED TEMP UP TO 0.60 % 400 ± 700 F EFFECT OF PREHEATING : 1. MINIMIZES THE DESTORTION .60 % 200200-400 F ABOVE 0. MINIMIZES THE SHRINKAGE STRESS 4. ELIMINATES THE DANGER OF CRACK FORMATION 2.

TO REDUCE THE RESIDUAL STRESSES AT WELD & HAZ 2.TO MODIFY THE MICRO-STRUCTURE (HAZ) MICROEFFECT: 1.POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT OBJETCIVE: 1. SOAKING TEMPERATURE 3. PWHT PARAMETER 1. 3. RESISTANCE TO STRESS CORROSION CRACKING INCREASES. DIMENSIONAL STABILITIES INCREASES. SUSCETIBLITIES TO BRITTLE FAILURE DECREASES. COOLING RATE . 2. HEATING RATE 2.

Part UCS (Continued«) UCSUCS-56 ± PWHT .

HOWEVER 15 MINUTES MINIMUM 2 HOURS . HOLDING TEMP. NOM. PLUS 15 MIN. FOR EACH ADDITIONAL INCH ABOVE 2´ 2 HOURS .3 GR. PLUS 15 MIN. FOR EACH ADDITIONAL INCH ABOVE 2´ OVER 2´ TO 5´ OVER 5 ´ * POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT IS MANDATORY ON P-NO. . . PER INCH. F(593¶ C) 1 HR. NO.CODE EXTRACT FOR HEAT TREATMENT P. 3 MATERIAL IN ALL THICKNESSES. NO. THICKNE SS UPTO 2´ SOAKING PERIOD 1 ( CARBON STEEL) & 3 (LOW ALLOY STEEL) 1100 DEG.

5B Group no.g.g.4 [e.No.1.5A P .g.SA387GR22/ SA540Ty. P .Code Requirements for PWHT Material Normal Holding Temperatur e °C 595 Minimum holding time at normal temperature for nominal thickness Up to 2¶¶ Over 2¶¶ to 5¶¶ Over 5¶¶ P .4a] P . 15 min minimum 1 hr / inch 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5¶¶ .D Cl. 15 min minimum 1hr / in.No.No.5B P .g.No.No.No.No.3 [e.1 ] [e.SA516GR60/7 0] P . 15 min minimum 1hr / in.SA387GR11] P . 15 min minimum 2 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 2¶¶ 1 hr / inch 2 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 2¶¶ 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5¶¶ 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5¶¶ 650 675 1 hr / inch 705 1hr / in.5C [Group no.SA387GR91] 1hr / in.2 [e.

ADDITIONAL HEAT TREATMENT ETC. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT OF ALL POSSIBLE EVANTUALITIES LIKE REPAIRE. THE FINAL TEST COUPON ± FTC STC ± THIS IS BASICALLY THE TEST COUPON OF THE WELD JOINT. SAME WELDING PARAMETERS WITH SAME CONSTAINTS SIMULATED AS THAT OF JOB. THE PTC UNDERGOES IDENTIAL FABRICATION SEQUENCE. WHICH IS SUBJECTED TO THE SIMULATED HEAT TREATMENT CYCLE. BY THE SAME WELDERS. DONE SEQUENCE.REQUIREMENT OF PRODUCTION CONTROL TESTINGTESTING.PTC REQUIREMENT PTC SIMULATES THE ACTUAL WELD JOINT WITH THE BASE MATERIAL & WELDING CONSUMABLES FROM THE SAME HEAT & MELT AS THOSE USED IN ACTUL JOINT. . FTC ± THIS IS BASICALLY THE TEST COUPON OF THE WELDMENT. TYPES OF PRODUCTION TEST COUPONS 1. THE SMULATED WELD COUPON ± STC 2. THIS COUPON IS MADE SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH THE JOB. WHICH IS SUBJECTED TO THE ACTUAL HAET TREATMENT SEEN IN THE JOB.

1 X DESIGN PRESSURE THE METAL TEMPERATURE DURING PNUMATIC TESTING SHALL BE MAINTAINED ATLEAT 17 DRG C ABOVE THE MDMT TO MINIMISE THE RISK OF BRITTLE FRACTURE. .HYDRO & PNUMATIC TESTING OF PRESSURE VESSEL HYDROTESTING IS TO DONE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV-1-CL UG-99 DIVUGHYDROTEST PRESSURE = 1.3 X (P design) x (allow stress at test temp/ allow stress at design temp) HYDROTEST STRESS SHOULD NOT EXCCED 90 % OF THE YIELD STRESS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PNUMTAIC TESTING IS TO BE DONE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 ±CL UG100 PNUMATIC TEST PRESSURE = 1.

HYDROTEST WATER FILLING. PRESSURISING & INSPECTION Outlet Pressure Gauge arangement Heat Exchanger Tube Sheet Tubes Outlet Hose Inlet hose Venting Bucket Hydrotest Pump 5° Job to be kept approx. 5° tapered towards one of the tubesheet. Inlet Pressure Gauge arrangement Wooden Saddles .

PRESSURISING & INSPECTION Outlet Pressure Gauge arangement Tube Sheet Heat Exchanger Inlet Header Tubes Outlet Hose Inlet hose Outlet Header Venting Bucket One of the bottom nozzles have to be kept open at the time of hydrotesting.HYDROTEST WATER FILLING. Hydrotest Pump Wooden Saddles Inlet Pressure Gauge arrangement .

Sketch for Hydro test .

Arrangement for Outlet Pressure Gauge Towards Venting pipe Valves Pressure Gauge Square Bar Coupling .

Arrangement for Inlet Pressure Gauge Pressure Gauge Valves Coupling From Hydrotest Pump Square Bar Towards Drain .

B 31.1 &SEC.ASME SEC VIII DIV.B31.ASME SEC VIII DIV -1 3. ³U2´(PRESSURE VESSEL) ---. ³A´ ( ASSEBLY BOILER) --.ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CERTIFICATES OF AUTHORIZATION & CODE SYMBOL STAMPS SYMBOL/STAMP CODE BOOKS REQUIRED ------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. ³U´(PRESSURE VESSEL) ---. ³U3´ (HIGH PV) ----.1 & SEC -1 .ASME SEC VIII DIV-2 DIV4. ³qp´ (PRESSURE PIPING) -----.3 DIV4.1 & SEC II ±C &SEC2. ³UV´ (PV SAFETY VALVE)----ASME SEC VIIII DIV -1 /2 VALVE)----ASME 6. ³S´ (POWER BOILER) -----.B31. ³V´ (BOILER SAFETY VALVE) ----.SEC -1 7.1 & SEC-1 SEC5.

PRESSURE VESSEL CODE ASME SECTION VIII DIVISION 1 .

Introduction to ASME Codes (Section I to Section XII) .

KM. Fabrication and others AG. Normally from 10. AT. AR.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. ULT Similar to Division 2 KG. KF.000 psig Organisation General. KS Design Factor Design Factor 3. KD. UNF. UG.1 ³Unfired´ Pressure Vessel Rules Published Pressure Limits <1940 Section VIII Div. UCS. Construction Type & Material U. AF.7 . UW. AS Design Factor 3 on tensile (lower factor under reviewed) and other yield and temperature considerations Normally up to 3000 psig No limits. AD. usually 600+ psig General.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. UCD. Material. KE. AI. UHT.5 on tensile and other yield and temperature considerations Yield based with reduction factor for yield to tensile ratio less than 0. AM.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure 1997 1968 No limits either way. Design. UCI. KR. UF. KT. UB.

Some design rules provided.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. Fairly detailed design rules.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. In addition to the design rules. fatigue and other stress analysis considerations may be required unless exempted and guidance provided for in Appendix 4.5 or higher Section VIII Div. Residual stresses become significant and may be positive factors Shell of Revolution ± Max.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Maximum shear stress Elastic/plastic Analysis and more. 5 and 6 Experimental stress Analysis Normally not required Introduced and may be required Experimental design verification but may be exempted . Fracture mechanics evaluation required unless proven leakbefore-burst. Fatigue analysis required. discontinuities. Shear stress Generally Elastic Analysis Membrane + Bending. Little stress analysis required. pure membrane without consideration of discontinuities controlling stress concentration to a safety factor of 3.1 ³Unfired´ Pressure Vessel Rules Design Rules Membrane-Maximum stress Generally Elastic analysis Very detailed design rules with Quality (joint efficiency) Factors.

1 ³Unfired´ Vessel Rules Material and Impact Testing Pressure Section VIII Div. extensive use of RT.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. UT used for all butt welds. RT otherwise.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. Fracture toughness testing requirement for fracture mechanics evaluation crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) testing and establishment of Klc and/or Jlc values Even more restrictive than Division 2. extensive exemptions under UG20. Impact required unless exempted. impact required in general with similar rules as Division 1 NDE Requirements NDE requirements may be exempted through increased design factor More stringent NDE requirements. . MT and PT.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Even more restrictive than Division 2 with different requirements. as well as UT. extensive use of PT and MT Few restriction on materials. UCS 66/67 More restriction of materials.

interlocking stripwound and others User¶s Design specification with more specific details (see KG-310) including contained fluid data.1) include AD 160 for fatigue evaluation . layered.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div.1 ³Unfired´ Pressure Vessel Rules Welding and Fabrication Different types with butt welds and others Section VIII Div. wire-wound.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. etc.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Butt welds and extensive use of other construction methods such as threaded. Extensive use/requirement of butt welds and full penetration welds including non pressure attachment welds User User or designated agent to provide specifications (see U-2(a)) User¶s Design Specification with detailed design requirements (see AG-301. with useful operation life expected and others. Designer defined.

3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Same as Division 2 Manufacturer to declare compliance in data report Manufacturer¶s Design Report certifying design specification and code compliance in addition to data report Professional Engineers¶ Certification of User¶s Design Specification as well as Manufacturer¶s Design report Professional Engineer shall be experienced in pressure vessel design Professional Engineer Certification Normally not required Same as Division 2 but the Professional Engineer shall be in high-pressure vessel design and shall not sign for both User and Manufacturer. .2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div.1 ³Unfired´ Vessel Rules Manufacturer Pressure Section VIII Div.

M.25 . P. PS.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Safety Relief Valve UV Stamp UV Stamp UV3 Stamp Code Stamp and Marking U Stamp with Addition marking including W. HT U2 Stamp with Additional marking including HT U3 Stamp with additional marking denoting construction type.25 1. W.5 Design factor in the 1999 Addenda) 1. UQT.5 before the use of the 3. F. WW. RES. UB.3 (was 1.1 ³Unfired´ Vessel Rules Pressure Section VIII Div. WL. HT. SW Hydrostatic Test 1.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. RT.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. DF. L.

Mandatory Appendices Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Supplementary Design Formulas Rules for Bolted Flange Connections With Ring Type Gaskets Definitions Rounded Indications Charts Acceptance Standard for Radiographically Determined Rounded Indication in Welds Flanged and Flued or Flanged Only Expansion Joints Methods for Magnetic Particle Examination(MT) Examination of Steel Castings Methods for Liquid Penetrate Examination (PT) Jacketed Vessels Quality Control System Capacity Conversion for Safety Valves Ultrasonic Examination of Welds (UT) Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 Appendix 9 Appendix 10 Appendix 11 Appendix 12 .

Copper Alloy. Circular. Single. Centrally Located Openings Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Dimpled or Embossed Assemblies Adhesive Attachments of Name Plates Electrically Heated or Gas Fired Jacketed Steam Kettles Hubs Machined From Plates Jacketed Vessels Constructed of Work-Hardened WorkNickel Integrally Forged Vessels External Pressure Design of Copper.Mandatory Appendices Appendix 13 Appendix 14 Appendix 16 Appendix 17 Appendix 18 Appendix 19 Appendix 20 Appendix 21 Appendix 22 Appendix 23 (continued) Vessels of Noncircular Cross Section Integral Flat Heads With a Large. Titanium Alloy condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes With Integral Fins .

Mandatory Appendices Appendix 24 Appendix 25 (continued) Appendix 26 Appendix 27 Appendix 28 Appendix 30 Appendix 31 Appendix 32 Appendix 33 Design Rules for Clamp Connections Acceptance of Testing Laboratories and Authorized Observer for Capacity Certification of Pressure Relief Valves Pressure Vessels and Heat Exchangers Expansion Joints Alternative Requirements for Glass-Lined Vessels GlassAlternative Corner Weld Joint Detail for Box Headers for Air Cooled Heat Exchangers Rules for Drilled Holes Not Penetrating to Vessel Wall Rules for Cr-Mo steels With Additional Requirements Crfor Welding and Heat Treatment Local Thin Areas in Cylindrical Shell and in Spherical Segments of Shells Standard Units for Use in Equations .

Non mandatory Appendices Appendix A Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H Appendix K Appendix L Appendix M Basis for Establishing Allowable Loads for Tube-toTube-toTubesheet Joints Suggested Methods for Obtaining the Operating Temperature of Vessel Walls in Service Suggested Good Practice Regarding Internal Structures Suggested Good Practice Regarding Corrosion Allowance Suggested Good Practice Regarding Linings Suggested Good Practice Regarding Piping Reactions and Design of Supports and Attachments Guidance to Accommodate Loading Produced by Deflagration Sectioning of Welded Joints Examples Illustrating the Application of Code Formulas and Rules Installation and Operation .

Non mandatory Appendices Appendix P Appendix R Appendix S Appendix T Appendix W Appendix Y Appendix DD Appendix EE Appendix FF Appendix GG (Continued) Basic for Establishing Allowable Stress Values Preheating Design Considerations for Bolted Flange Connections Temperature Protection Guide for Preparing Manufacturer¶s Data Reports Flat Faced Flanges With Metal-to-Metal Contact Metal-toOutside the Bolt Circle Guide to Information Appearing on Certificate of Authorization (See Fig. DD-1) DDHalfHalf-Pipe Jackets Guide For the Design and Operation of QuickQuickActuating (Quick-Opening) Closures (QuickGuidance for the Use of U.Customary and SI Units in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Code .S.

wire-wound. may be incorporated into the Code sometime in the future. L. DF.Material and Impact Testing Few restrictions on materials. B. HT WL. impact required in general with similar rules as Division 1 Even more restrictive than Division 2 with different requirements. otherwise. M. Common Features . UB. denoting construction type. include AD 160 for fatigue evaluation Designer defined Manufacturer's Design Report certifying Manufacturer to declare compliance in Manufacturer design specification and code Same as Division 2 data report compliance in addition to data report Professional Engineers' Certification of Same as Division 2 but the Professional User's Design Specification as well as Professional Engineer shall be Engineer Normally not required Manufacturer's Design Report experienced in high pressure vessel Certification Professional Engineer shall be design and shall not sign for both User experienced in pressure vessel design and Manufacturer Safety Relief Valve UV Stamp UV Stamp UV3 Stamp U Stamp with Addition markings U3 Stamp with additional marking Code Stamp and U2 Stamp with Additional marking including W. HT.25 proposed 3. extensive exemptions under UG-20. It is believed that these code cases with the provisions. RT and PT. extensive use of PT and MT Extensive use/requirement of butt welds and full penetration welds including nonpressure attachment welds Butt Welds and extensive use of other construction methods such as Welding and Different types with butt welds and threaded. Marking including HT RT.5* Design Factor) autofrettaged vessels) * Code Cases 2278 and 2290 for ASME Section VIII Division 1 allow for alternative maximum allowable design stresses based on a factor of 3. layered. UQT. WW. extensive use of RT as well as UT. W. MT UT used for all butt welds. Impact required unless exempted.1) specifications (see U-2(a)) operation life expected and others. RES. F. PS. P.5 (To be lowered to 1. SW 1. UCS 66/67 More restrictions on materials. etc with useful User design requirements (see AG-301.Fracture toughness testing requirement for fracture mechanics evaluation Crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) testing and establishment of KIc and/or JIc values NDE Requirements NDE requirements may be exempted through increased design factor More stringent NDE requirements.25 (may be exempted for Hydrostatic Test 1. fabrication others interlocking strip-wound and others User¶s Design Specification with more User's Design Specification with detailed specific details (see KG-310) including User or designated agent to provide contained fluid data.5 under certain provisions.3 for the 1. Even more restrictive than Division 2.

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