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PE 106-2003

1250$7,93(1758352,(&7$5($ù,(;(&87$5($
/,1,,/25(/(&75,&($(5,(1('(-2$6 
TENSIUNE

Coordonator: SC ELECTRICA S.A.


Executant: S.C. FICHTNER ROMELECTRO ENGINEERING S.A
ÌQORFXLHúWH3(

2003
PE 106

NORMATIV
3(1758352,(&7$5($ù,(;(&87$5($/,1,,/25(/(&75,&($(5,(1(
'(-2$6 7(16,81(

CUPRINS

1.1. Domeniul de aplicare ............................................................................... 4


1.2. 7HUPLQRORJLHúLDEUHYLHUL..................................................................... 5
1.3. &RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice, JUXSDUHDvQF UF ULORU««««« 9
,,,&RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice ....................................................... 9
,,,*UXSDUHDvQF UF ULORU 10
,,,ÌQF UF ULXQLWDUHQRUPDWH 12
,,,ÌQF UF ULXQitare de calcul .................................................................... 13
,,,ÌQF UF ULVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHúLGHFDOFXO 16
1.4. Conductoare, fascicule de conductoare izolate ........................................ 19
IV. 1. Dimensionare ....................................................................................... 19
IV. 2. Detaliile constructive ........................................................................... 19
1.5. Stâlpi ....................................................................................................... 22
V. 1. Generalit L 22
V. 2. Dimensionare ....................................................................................... 22
1.6. )XQGD LL......................................................................... 25
1.7. Ancore ...................................................................................................... 25
1.8. Accesorii pentru liniile electrice aeriene .............................................. 26
1.9. 0RQWDUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSHVWkOSLVDXSHFO GLUL 26
IX. 1. Linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate .................................................. 26
IX. 2 Linii cu conductoare neizolate .............................................................. 27
,;/LQLLFXGRX VDXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWH 27
,;/LQLLDHULHQHFXVWkOSLFRPXQLSHQWUXMRDV úLPHGLHWHQVLXQH 28
IX. /LQLLDHULHQHSHVWkOSLFRPXQLFXDOWHLQVWDOD LL 28
1.10. 0 VXULGHVLJXUDQ úLSURWHF LH 29
1.11. &RQGL LLGHFRH[LVWHQ FXGLYHUVHFRQVWUXF LLVDXLQVWDOD L 30
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHF LIHUDWH 30
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHGUXPXUL 31
XI. 3. ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GH/($ 33
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFRQGXFWH 34
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFRQVWUXF Li în care
VHSUHOXFUHD]  GHSR]LWHD] VXEVWDQ HFRPEXVWLELOH
inflamabile sau cu pericol de incendiu (explozie) ................................. 36

2
PE 106

;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHPLMORDFHOe de transport


pe cablu suspendat ................................................................................. 36
;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL 36
XI. 8. ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWUDPYDLúLWUROHLEX] 36
XI. 9. 7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFXOWXULOHSHVSDOLHUHVDX
vQJU GLULOHPHWDOLFH 37
;,7UDYHUV ULVDXDSURSLHULID GHFO GLUL 37
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHSRGXULEDUDMHGLJXUL 40
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDSH...................................................... 40
;,7UDYHUV ULSULQSODQWD LLGHDUERULVDXS GXUL 40
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDHURSRUWXUL.... 40
;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULIDú GHWHUHQXULOHGHVSRUW 40
ANEXA 1 -OHJLGHFUHWHKRW UkULVWDQGDUGHQRUPDWLYH 41
referitoare la liniile electrice în vigoare la data
elabor ULLQRUPDWLYXOXL

3
PE 106

I. DOMENIUL DE APLICARE

Art.1. 3UH]HQWXO QRUPDWLY VH DSOLF  OD FRQVWUXF LD OLQLLORU HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH HQHUJLH
HOHFWULF FXWHQVLXQHDQRPLQDO SkQ OD9LQFOXVLYLQGLIHUHQWGHFDUDFWHUXOGHSURSULHWDWHD
acestora.

Art.2.3UHYHGHULOHDFHVWXLQRUPDWLYGHYLQREOLJDWRULLSHQWUXWRDWHLQVWDOD LLOH GLQGRPHQLXO


GHDSOLFDUH FDUHVHSURLHFWHD] GHODGDWDLQWU ULLvQYLgoare a acestui normativ.

Art.3. Adaptarea liniilor electrice aeriene existente la prevederile prezentului normativ se


YD IDFH GLQ LQL LDWLYD JHVWLRQDULORU DFHVWRUD FX RFD]LD OXFU ULORU GH PRGHUQL]DUH úL GH UHSDUD LL
FDSLWDOHvQP VXUDvQFDUHH[SORDWDUHDORUSUH]LQW LQFRQYHQLHQWHGHRVHELWH SHULFROHSHQWUXRDPHQL
SHQWUXVLJXUDQ DFRQVWUXF LLORUVDXSHQWUXDOLPHQWDUHDFRQVXPDWRULORU 

Art.4.1RUPDWLYXOVHDSOLF úLOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHUHDOL]DWHSHVWkOSL


IRORVL LvQFRPXQFRnform SR 831/2002.

Art.5. 1RUPDWLYXO QX VH DSOLF  OD FRQVWUXF LD OLQLLORU DHULHQH GH HQHUJLH HOHFWULF  D F URU
FRQVWUXF LHHVWHUHJOHPHQWDW SULQSUHVFULS LLWHKQLFHVSHFLDOHFDGHH[HPSOXOLQLLGHFRQWDFWSHQWUX
F LIHUDWHHOHFWULILFDWHSHQWUXWUDPYDLHúLWUROHLEX]HSHQWUXPDúLQLGHULGLFDWúLWUDQVSRUWDWHWF

Art.6.ÌQDIDUDSUHYHGHULORUQRUPDWLYXOXLODFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF 
FXWHQVLXQLSkQ OD9LQFOXVLYVHYD LQHVHDPDGHUHJOHPHQW ULOHFXSULQVHvQOHJLGHFrete,
VWDQGDUGHQRUPDWLYHFXFDUDFWHUUHSXEOLFDQVDXGHSDUWDPHQWDOUHIHULWRDUHODOLQLLúLODvQFDGUDUHDORU
vQ PHGLXO vQFRQMXU WRU SUHFXP úL GH OHJLVOD LD GLQ VHFWRDUHOH DGLDFHQWH HGL LD vQ YLJRDUH OD GDWD
HODERU ULL GRFXPHQWD LHL  0RGLILF ULOH DFWHORU QRUPDWLYH FDUH LQIOXHQ HD]  FRQVWUXF LD /($ VDX
FRH[LVWHQ D DFHVWHLD FX DOWH RELHFWLYH VDX DFWLYLW L LPSOLF  UHYL]XLUHD SUH]HQWXOXL QRUPDWLY 'H
DVHPHQHDVHYRUUHVSHFWDP VXULOHSULYLQGSURWHF LDPHGLXOXLFXSULQVHvQ/HJHD3URWHF LHL0HGLXOXL
nr. 137/úLOHJLVOD LDFRQH[ VSHFLILF SUHFXPúLFRQGL LLOHGHFDOLWDWHSUHY ]XWHvQ,62
úL

Art.7. $SDUL LD XQRU FRQVWUXF LL úL RELHFWLYH vQ ]RQD GH SURWHF LH úL VLJXUDQ  D OLQLHL
HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GXS  SXQHUHD vQ IXQF LXQH D DFHVWHLD nu se admite decât în cazuri obligate, cu
DFRUGXOIRUXOXLVXSHULRUDORUJDQXOXLGHH[SORDWDUHDO/($úLFXUHVSHFWDUHDSUHYHGHULORUSUH]HQWXOXL
normativ.

4
PE 106

II. 7(50,12/2*,(ù,$%5(9,(5,

 /LQLD HOHFWULF  DHULDQ  GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH HVWH LQVWDOD LD GH FXUHQt alternativ (50 Hz) cu
WHQVLXQHD QRPLQDO  vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH GH FHO PXOW  9 ILLQG DOF WXLW  GLQ
FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH DUP WXUL VWkOSL IXQGD LL úL LQVWDOD LL GH OHJDUH OD S PkQW
PRQWDW vQDHUOLEHUúLFDUHVHUYHúWHODGLVWULEX LDHQHUJLHLHOHFWULFH

 Circuitul unei LEA HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH FRQGXFWRDUH FDUH FRQVWLWXLH R FDOH LQGHSHQGHQW  GH
GLVWULEX LHDHQHUJLHLHOHFWULFH&LUFXLWXOSRDWHILWULID]DW WUHLID]HúLQXO ELID]DW GRX ID]HúL
QXO VDXPRQRID]DW ID] úLQXO 

 Echipamentul LEA HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH úL DUP WXUL PRQWDW SH
stâlpi LEA.

 Conductoarele LEA sunt funiile metalice, izolate sau neizolate, întinse liber între punctele de
SULQGHUHODVWkOSLVDXDOWHFRQVWUXF LLVSHFLDOH
ConductoaUHOH VHUYHVF SHQWUX GLVWULEX LD HQHUJLHL HOHFWULFH úL vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH OXFUX VH
DIO VXEWHQVLXQH
&RQGXFWRDUHOH L]RODWH SRW IL U VXFLWH vPSUHXQ  FD] vQ FDUH VH QXPHVF fascicule de
conductoare izolate torsadate.

 Izolatoarele sunt elementele componente DOH /($ FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH UHDOL]HD]  L]RODUHD
S U LORUDIODWHVXEWHQVLXQHvQWUHHOHúLID GHS U LOHOHJDWHODS PkQW

 Cleme úLDUP WXUL


Clemele VXQW GLVSR]LWLYHOH FDUH VH DIO  vQ FRQWDFW GLUHFW FX FDOHD GH FXUHQW úL SHUPLW
H[HFXWDUHDOHJ WXULORr electrice.
$UP WXULOH VXQW GLVSR]LWLYHOH FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH DVDPEOHD]  úL VH PRQWHD] 
FRQGXFWRDUHOHVDXL]RODWRDUHOH6HPDLQXPHVFúLaccesorii.

 6WkOSLLúLFRQVROHOHVXQWFRQVWUXF LLOHGLQPHWDOEHWRQDUPDWVDXOHPQFDUHVXV LQHFKLSDPHQWXO


LEA deasupra solului.

 )XQGD LLOH VXQW HOHPHQWHOH GH FRQVWUXF LH FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH IL[HD]  vQ VRO VWkOSLL VDX
ancorele.

 ,QVWDOD LLOHGHOHJDUHODS PkQWVXQWDQVDPEOXULIRUPDWHGLQFRQGXFWRUXOGHOHJDUHODS PkQW


úLSUL]DGHS PkQWSULQFDUHVHUHDOL]HD] OHJDUHDODS PkQW

 3UL]DGHS PkQWHVWH DQVDPEOXO GH HOHPHQWHFRQGXFWRDUH HOHFWUR]L vQFRQWDFWFXS PkQWXO


care servesc pentru trecerea curentului în sol.
3UL]D GH S PkQW QDWXUDO  HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH HOHPHQWH FRQGXFWRDUH DO XQHL FRQVWUXF LL VDX
LQVWDOD LLFDUHvQGHSOLQHúWHúLFRQGL LLOHXQHLSUL]HGHS PkQW
3UL]DGHS PkQWDUWLILFLDO HVWHSUL]DDOHF UHLHOHPHQWHFRPSRQHQWHVXQWFRQVWLWXLWHVSHFLDO
pentru trecerea curentului în sol.

 7HQVLXQHDQRPLQDO DXQHLOLQLL 8n) este valoarea eficace a tensiunii între faze, prin care este
GHQXPLW OLQLDúLODFDUHVHUHIHU XQHOHFDUDFWHULVWLFLGHIXQF LRQDUHDOHDFHVWHLD

5
PE 106

 7HQVLXQHDPD[LP GHVHUYLFLX 8m)HVWHYDORDUHDHILFDFHPD[LP DWHQVLXQLLvQWUHID]HFDUH


SRDWH V  DSDU  vQ FRQGL LL QRUPDOH GH IXQF LRnare în orice punct al liniei, într-un moment
RDUHFDUH(VWHGHILQLW FRQIRUP65&(,$

 6HF LXQHDUHDO DXQXLFRQGXFWRUIXQLH 6c) HVWHVXPDVHF LXQLORUILUHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOHXQXL


conductor.

 6HF LXQHD QRPLQDO  D XQXL FRQGXFWRU IXQLH este valoDUHD URWXQMLW  D VHF LXQLL VDOH UHDOH
YDORDUH FDUH VHUYHúWH OD GHQXPLUHD FRQGXFWRUXOXL ÌQ FD]XO FRQGXFWRDUHORU DOF WXLWH GLQ GRX 
PHWDOHVHF LXQHDQRPLQDO VHH[SULP SULQYDORULOHURWXQMLWHDOHVHF LXQLORUDPEHORUPHWDOH

 6DUFLQDGHUXSHUHFDOFXODW aXQXLFRQGXFWRUPXOWLILODUHVWHGHWHUPLQDW vQPRGFRQYHQ LRQDO


vQ IXQF LH GH FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH PHFDQLFH DOH PDWHULDOHORU ILUHORU FRPSRQHQWH úL GH DOF WXLUHD
FRQVWUXFWLY DFRQGXFWRUXOXLSRWULYLWVWDQGDUGHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQYLJRDUH
În cazul conductoarHORU PXOWLILODUH QHVWDQGDUGL]DWH IRU D VH GHWHUPLQ  FX DMXWRUXO PHWRGHL
indicate în standardele de conductoare similare.

 5H]LVWHQ D GH UXSHUH FDOFXODW  3rc  úLUH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHPLQLP  3r min) ale unui
FRQGXFWRUIXQLHUHSUH]LQW UDSRUWXOvQWUHYDORDUHDVDUFLQLLGHUXSHUHFDOFXODWHUHVSHFWLYDIRU HL
GHUXSHUHPLQLPHúLVHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL
1RW  ÌQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHFRQVLGHU vQFDOFXOH
UH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU

 ÌQF UF ULOH QRUPate VXQW YDORULOH H[WUHPH DOH vQF UF ULORU PD[LPH VDX PLQLPH SUREDELOH 
GHILQLWHVWDWLVWLFUHDOL]DELOHFXRDQXPLW SUREDELOLWDWH -97,5%).

 ÌQF UF ULOH GH FDOFXO  VXQW YDORULOH H[WUHPH DOH vQF UF ULORU FDUH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX R
probabilitate de 99,9% úLFDUHVHGHWHUPLQ SULQvQPXO LUHDvQF UF ULORUQRUPDWHFXFRHILFLHQWXO
SDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ 

 7UDF LXQHDvQFRQGXFWRU 7 UHSUH]LQW VROLFLWDUHDFDUHLDQDúWHUHvQFRQGXFWRUvQPXO LW FX


VHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQGLIHULWHVW ULGHIXQF LRQDUHWUDF LXQHDHVWHWDQJHQW ODFXUED
conductorului.

 7UDF LXQHD RUL]RQWDO  7o) vQ FRQGXFWRU HVWH WUDF LXQHD vQ SXQFWXO vQ FDUH WDQJHQWD OD FXUED
FRQGXFWRUXOXLHVWHRUL]RQWDO 

 'HVFKLGHUHDUHDO  D HVWHGLVWDQ DP VXUDW SHRUL]RQWDO vQWUHD[HOHDGRLVtâlpi consecutivi


(figura.1.).

 'HVFKLGHUHD QRPLQDO  Dn) HVWH GHVFKLGHUHD FRQYHQ LRQDO  OD FDUH SXQFWHOH GH SULQGHUH DOH
FRQGXFWRDUHORU VH J VHVF vQ DFHODúL SODQ RUL]RQWDO WHUHQXO HVWH SODQ LDU OD V JHDWD PD[LP 
gabaritul la sol al liniei este cel minim admisibil.

 'HVFKLGHUHDYLUWXDO , ah, a unei deschideri denivelate este GLVWDQ DODORFXOvQFDUHRUL]RQWDOD


GXV  SULQWU-XQXO GLQ SXQFWHOH GH SULQGHUH DOH FRQGXFWRUXOXL LQWHUVHFWHD]  FXUED UHDO  D
FRQGXFWRUXOXL VDX SUHOXQJLUHD HL GXS  FXP SXQFWXO FRQsiderat este inferior sau superior
punctului de prindere al conductorului la stâlpul adiacent (figura 1.).

 'HVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW Dv) este semisuma deschiderilor reale adiacente unui stâlp
GH FDUH GHSLQG vQF UF ULOH RUL]RQWDOH FDUH DF LRQHD]  asupra stâlpului, provenite din presiunea
vântului pe conductoare (figura 1.).
6
PE 106

/HJHQG :
„3RU LXQLOHGHWUDVHXvQWUHVWkOSLLúLFRQVWLWXLHDOLQLDPHQWH
„3RU LXQLOHGHOLQLHvQWUHVWkOSLLúLúLFRQVWLWXLHSDQRXULVWkOSLLúLILLQGVWkOSLGH
întindere;
an -HVWHGHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO 
ai, (i =1… n) - deschideri reale;
av -GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW
ag - deschiderea lavQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH
ah - GHVFKLGHUHDYLUWXDO 
hi, (i=1…n) - GHQLYHO UL
fn -V JHDWDFRQGXFWRUXOXLFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHGHVFKLGHULLQRPLQDOH
hc - vQ O LPHDGHSULQGHUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXL
hg - gabarit minim la sol;
2D - XQJKLXOvQWUHGRX DOLQLDPHQWHFRQVHFXWLYHDOHOLQLHL

Figura. 1.([SOLFLWDWHDJUDILF DQR LXQLORUDOLQLDPHQWSDQRXGHVFKLGHULGHQLYHO UL

 'HVFKLGHUHD OD vQF UF UL YHUWLFDOH Dg) este semisuma deschiderilor virtuale adiacente unui
VWkOS GH FDUH GHSLQG vQF UF ULOH YHUWLFDOH FDUH DF LRQHD]  DVXSUD VWkOSXOXL SURYHQLWH GLQ
greutatea conductoarelor (figura 1.).

 'HVFKLGHUHDODGLVWDQ DvQWUHID]H Df ) este GHVFKLGHUHDUHDO vQWUHGRLVWkOSLFRQVHFXWLYLvQ


FDUH VH UHDOL]HD]  R V JHDW  D FRQGXFWRUXOXL PD[LP SHUPLV  GH GLVWDQ D PLQLP  H[LVWHQW  SH
VWkOSvQWUHFRQGXFWRDUHOHGLIHULWHORUID]HVDXvQWUHDFHVWHDúLFRQGXFWRDUHOHGHQXO

 Denivelarea (h) HVWHGLVWDQ DP VXUDW SHYHUWLFDO vQWUHSXQFWHOHGHSULQGHUHDOHFRQGXFWRUXOXL


la doi stâlpi consecutivi (figura.1.).

 6 JHDWDunui conductor într-XQ DQXPLW SXQFW HVWH GLVWDQ D P VXUDW  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH SXQFWXO
UHVSHFWLY GH SH FXUED FRQGXFWRUXOXL úL GUHDSWD FDUH XQHúWH FHOH GRX  SXQFWH GH VXVSHQVLH DOH
FRQGXFWRUXOXL&HDPDLPDUHV JHDW DFRQGXFWRUXOXLSRDWHILFRQVLGHUDW SUDFWLF la mijlocul
deschiderii (figura.1.).
7
PE 106

 Aliniamentul HVWHSRU LXQHDGHOLQLHFRPSXV GLQWU-XQDVDXPDLPXOWHGHVFKLGHULFXSULQV vQWUH


GRX SXQFWHFRQVHFXWLYHDOHWUDVHXOXLvQFDUHOLQLDvúLPHQ LQHGLUHF LD ILJXUD 

 Panoul de întindere HVWH SRU LXQHD GH OLQLH FRPSXV  GLQWU-una sau mai multe deschideri,
FXSULQV vQWUHGRLVWkOSLGHvQWLQGHUHFRQVHFXWLYL ILJXUD 

 'HYLD LDHVWHSURLHF LDRUL]RQWDO DGHSODV ULLFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQLSRWH]DYkQWPD[LP

 ÌQFUXFLúDUHD/($FXXQRELHFWVDXRLQVWDOD LHHVWHDFHDVLWXD LHvQFDUHSURLHF LDRUL]RQWDO D


FHO SX LQ XQXLD GLQ FRQGXFWRDUHOH /($ vQ SR]L LH QRUPDO  VDX GHYLDW  LQWHUVHFWHD]  RELHFWXO
VDXLQVWDOD LDUHVSHFWLY 

 7UDYHUVDUHDúLVXEWUDYHUVDUHDVXQWDFHOHvQFUXFLú ULvQFDUH/($WUHFHSHGHDVXSUDUHspectiv
SHVXERELHFWXOvQFUXFLúDW

 Apropierea LEA GH XQ RELHFW RDUHFDUH HVWH DFHD VLWXD LH GH YHFLQ WDWH  vQ FDUH /($ QX
vQFUXFLúHD] RELHFWXOUHVSHFWLY

 3RU LXQLOH VSHFLDOH GH WUDVHX VXQW DFHOH SRU LXQL GLQ WUDVHXO OLQLHL vQ FDUH DSDUH FRH[LVWHQ D
LE$ FX HOHPHQWHOH QDWXUDOH RELHFWHOH RELHFWLYHOH LQVWDOD LLOH FRQVWUXF LLOH HWF VLWXDWH vQ
LPHGLDWD DSURSLHUH D OLQLHL VDX FX FDUH OLQLD VH vQFUXFLúHD]  )D  GH DFHVWHD OLQLD WUHEXLH
UHDOL]DW  DVWIHO vQFkW V  VH DVLJXUH SH GH R SDUWH EXQD HL IXQF LRQDUH LDU SH GH DOW  SDUWH
IXQF LRQDUHDFRUHFW DHOHPHQWHORUDIHFWDWHGHSUH]HQ DOLQLHL

 Zona drumului este SRU LXQHDDPSUL]HLGUXPXOXLSOXVFkWHGRX IkúLLODWHUDOHGHILHFDUHSDUWH


DHLGHQXPLWH]RQHGHVLJXUDQ UHVSHFWLYGHSURWHF LH

 RegimXO QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH DO XQHL /($ HVWH UHJLPXO vQ FDUH OLQLD vQ DQVDPEOX úL
HOHPHQWHOHVDOHFRPSRQHQWHI U DILDIHFWDWHSULQUXSHULGHIRUP ULGH]L]RO ULHWFVHJ VHVFvQ
VWDUHGHIXQF LRQDUH

 Regimul de defect (deranjament) al unei LEA este regLPXO vQ FDUH DSDU GHIRUP UL DOH
HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH UXSHUL VDX WRSLUL DOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU UXSHUL GH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH úL
DUP WXUL UXSHUHD VDX SLHUGHUHD VWDELOLW LL VWkOSLORU VDX IXQGD LLORU HWF XUPDWH vQ JHQHUDO GH
vQWUHUXSHUHD IXQF LRQ ULLOLQLHL5HJLPXOGHDYDULHFRQVLGHUDWFDLSRWH] GHFDOFXOHVWH
UHJLPXOvQFDUHL]RODWRDUHOHVWkOSLLúLIXQGD LLOHVXQWVROLFLWDWHvQPRGGLIHULWGHUHJLPXO
GHIXQF LRQDUHQRUPDOvQXUPDUXSHULLFRQGXFWRDUHORUVDXL]RODWRDUHORU

 &D]XULOH H[FHS LRQDOH VDX REOLJDWH sunt acele cazuri în care, din considerente tehnico-
economice, nu se pot aplica prevederile normativului.

Abrevieri:

LEA  /LQLH(OHFWULF $HULDQ


LTc  /LQLLGH7HOHFRPXQLFD LL
PE  3UHVFULS LH7HKQLF
Un  Tensiunea nomLQDO DOLQLHL
Um  7HQVLXQHDPD[LP GHVHUYLFLXDOLQLHL
SR  6WDQGDUGGHUDPXU
CEI  &RPLWHWXO(OHFWURWHKQLF,QWHUQD LRQDO
INMH  ,QVWLWXWXO1D LRQDOGH0HWHRURORJLHúL+LGURORJLH
8
PE 106

III. &21', ,,/(&/,0$72-0(7(252/2*,&(*583$5($Ì1& 5& 5,/25

III.1. &RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice

Art.8./DSURLHFWDUHDúLFRQVWUXF LD/($GHMRDV WHQVLXQHVH LQHVHDPDGHLQWHQVLWDWHDúL


IUHFYHQ D GH PDQLIHVWDUH D SULQFLSDOLORU IDFWRUL FOLPDWR-meteorologici: temperatura aerului, viteza
vântului, depunerile de chicLXU 
'LQDFHVWSXQFWGHYHGHUHWHULWRULXO ULLQRDVWUHVHvPSDUWHFRQIRUP67$6-90, în cinci
]RQH PHWHRURORJLFH ILJXUD  FDUH GLIHU  GLQ SXQFWXO GH YHGHUH DO LQWHQVLW LL úL DO IUHFYHQ HL GH
manifestare a principalilor factori climato-meteorologici.

Art.9. /D GHWHUPLQDUHD vQF UF ULORU QRUPDWH SHQWUX FDOFXOXO PHFDQLF DO /($ GH MRDV 
WHQVLXQH VH YRU FRQVLGHUD YDORULOH SUHY ]XWH vQ WDEHOHOH   úL   SHQWUX ]RQD PHWHRURORJLF  úL
tipul de amplasament respectiv.

Tabelul 1.

Presiunea dinamic GHED] GDW GHYkQW FRUHVSXQ] WRDUHYLWH]HLPHGLDWHSHGRX PLQXWH) la


vQ O LPHDGHPGHDVXSUDWHUHQXOXLúLJURVLPHDVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRDUHOH/($

3UHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GHED] 
Zona meteo Altitudinea (daN/m2) Grosimea stratului de
m Vânt maxim Vânt simultan FKLFLXU Ech 3,4)
I U FKLFLXU FXFKLFLXU (mm)
pvmax pvch
A 30 12 16
B 42 15
C d800 55 17 22
D1)
1000 40 16 Grosimea stratului de
1200 45 18 FKLFLXU VHYDVWDELOLSHED]D
1400 65 26 datelor statistice furnizate de
E2) 1600 90 36 I.N.M.H. sau rezultate din
1800 110 44 statisticile de exploatare ale
2000 130 52 /($ úL /7F GLQ ]RQHOH
2200 150 60 respective
2400 170 68
1RW 
 =RQD PHWHRURORJLF  FX FRQGL LL GHRVHELWH GH YkQW SHQWUX FDre se vor cere date de la Institutul
1D LRQDOGH0HWHRURORJLHúL+LGURORJLH
 ÌQ ]RQH FX DOWLWXGLQL PDL PLFL GH  P SUHVLXQHD GLQDPLF  GH ED]  OXDW  vQ FRQVLGHUDUH QX
WUHEXLHV DLE YDORULPDLPLFLGHFkWD]RQHORUOLPLWURIHFXDOWLWXGLQHDVXEP.
*URVLPHDVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU bchSHFRQGXFWRDUHVHFRQVLGHU FRQIRUPILJXULL
*UHXWDWHDYROXPLF DFKLFLXULLJchVHFRQVLGHU HJDO FXGD1GP3ÌQFD]XOFkQGVHDGRSW 
pentru zonele A y'JURVLPLDOHVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU GHSXVSHFRnductoare mai mari decât cele specificate
vQWDEHOXOúLSHVWHPPSHQWUX]RQD(VHSRDWHPLFúRUDYDORDUHDJUHXW LLYROXPLFHDFKLFLXULLSkQ ODFHO
mult 0,5 daN/dm3$FHVWHYDORULWUHEXLHV ILHMXVWLILFDWHSULQGDWHVWDWLVWLFHIXUQL]DWHGH,10+VDXrezultate
din statisticile de exploatare a liniilor aeriene de energie HOHFWULF VLGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLGLQ]RQHOHUHVSHFWLYH
úLV DLE IUHFYHQ DGHDSDUL LHGHFHOPXOWRGDW ODDQL
9
PE 106

Tabelul 2.

Valorile temperaturii aerului

Zona Temperatura aerului (0C)


PHWHRURORJLF PD[LP PLQLP medie de formare a chiciuri
7RDW  DUD 40 -30 15 -5
Zone cu altitudini 40 -30 10 -5
peste 800 m

Tabelul 3.

&RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HLYkQWXOXLúLJURVLPLL
VWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU

Coeficientul Simbolul Tipul de amplasament


I II III
&RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HL Ev 1,5 1,0 0,4
YkQWXOXLODUDIDO 
&RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDJURVLPLL Ech 1,0 0,6 0,4
VWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU
1RW 
Amplasamentul I FXSULQGH ]RQHOH GHVFKLVH FkPSLL GHDOXUL OLWRUDOXO P ULL Vau lacurilor
HWF SUHFXPúLDPSODVDPHQWHGLQ]RQHFRQVWUXLWHFXREVWDFROHFXvQ O LPLPDLPLFLGHP
Amplasamentul II FXSULQGH]RQHOHGLQORFDOLW L FXH[FHS LDFHQWUHORUPDULORURUDúH DOWH
amplasamente similare acoperite relativ uniform cu obstacolH FX vQ O LPL GH SHVWH  P GH
H[HPSOX]RQHFXPDVLYHIRUHVWLHUHúD 
Amplasamentul III FXSULQGH]RQHOHGLQFHQWUHOHPDULORURUDúHFXFO GLULGHQVFRQVWUXLWH
PDMRULWDWHDFO GLULORUDYkQGvQ O LPLGHPVDXPDLPDUL

3RWILOXDWHvQFRQVLGHUDUHúLVLWXD LLLQWHUPHGLDUHvQWUHFHOHWUHLWLSXULGHDPSODVDPHQWHFDGH
H[HPSOXvQWUHWLSXULOH,úL,,vQFD]XULOHvQFDUHvQ O LPHDPHGLHDREVWDFROHORUHVWHSkQ ODPLDU
GLVWDQ D GH OD DFHVWH REVWDFROH SkQ  OD FRQVWUXF LH QX HVWH PDL PDUH GH RSW RUL vQ O LPHD
REVWDFROHORUÌQDFHVWHFD]XULYDORDUHDFRHILFLHQWXOXLGHUDIDO VHRE LQHSULQLQWHUSRODUHOLQHDU 

,,,*UXSDUHDvQF UF ULORU

Art.10. /DFDOFXOXOúLGLPHQVLRQDUHDHOHPHQWHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQH
GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH YRU OXD vQ FRQVLGHUDUH XUP WRDUHOH JUXS UL DOH IDFWRULORU PHWHRURORJLFL FD
LSRWH]HGHvQF UFDUH VW ULGHGLPHQVLRQDUH 
a) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PLQLP WHPSHUDWXUDPLQLP YkQWXOúLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF
b) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLH GHILHFDUH]L WHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYkQWXOúLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF
c) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLHúLYkQWWHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYLWH]DYkQWXOXLGHPVFKLFLXUD
OLSVHúWH
d) ,SRWH]DYkQWPD[LPWHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYLWH]DPD[LP DYkQWXOXLFKLFLXUDOLSVHúWH
e) Ipoteza temperatura maxLP WHPSHUDWXUDPD[LP YkQWXOúLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF
f) ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU WHPSHUDWXUDGHIRUPDUHDFKLFLXULúLGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU SH
HOHPHQWHOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLHLYkQWXOOLSVHúWH
g) ,SRWH]D YkQW VLPXOWDQ FX FKLFLXU  vQF UF UL PD[LPH  temperatura de formare a chiciuri ,
YkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU úLGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU SHHOHPHQWHOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLHL
10
PE 106

Figura. 2. ROMÂNIA Zonarea teritoriului din punct de vedere al


FRQGL LLORUFOLPDWR– meteorologice

11
PE 106

,,,ÌQF UF ULXQLWDUHQRUPDWH

ÌQF UF UL unitare normate pe conductoare

Art.11. *UHXWDWHDXQLWDU DIDVFLFXOXOXL FRQGXFWRDUHORU VHFDOFXOHD] FXUHOD LD

g 1n gc , (daN/m)

în care :
gc  greutatea fasciculului de conductoare sau greutatea conductorului neizolat
gresat

Art.12. *UHXWDWHDXQLWDU DFKLFLXULLVHFDOFXOHD] FXUHOD LD

g 2n S ˜ b ch ˜ E ch ˜ b ch ˜ E ch  d e ˜ J ch ˜ 10 3 ,
 (daN/m)
în care :

Ech  FRHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF Le a grosimii chiciurii;


de  diametrul echivalent fasciculului sau diametrul conductorului neizolat;
Jch  densitatea chiciurii ( Jch = 0,75 daN/dm3).

Figura. 3.

Art.13. *UHXWDWHD XQLWDU  D IDVFLFXOXOXL FRQGXFWRUXOXL  DFRSHULW FX FKLFLXU  se


calculea] FXUHOD LD

g 3n g 1n  g 2 n ,
(daN/m)

x 9kQWPD[LPSHIDVFLFXO FRQGXFWRDUH QHDFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU 

Art.14. ÌQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLVHGHWHUPLQ FXDMXWRUXOSUHVLXQLL


diQDPLFHGHED] p, care se va luaGLQWDEHOXOVDXVHYDGHWHUPLQDFXUHOD LD
2
p v , (daN/m2)
16,3

v este viteza vântului, în m/s.

g4n C tc ˜ v ˜ p v max ˜ d e ˜ 10 3 ,

(daN/m)

în care :
Ctc  coeficientul aerodinamic a fasciculului sau conductorului (tabelul 4.);
pvmax  SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOPD[LP
12
PE 106

Tabelul 4.

Valorile coeficientului aerodinamic, Ctc, pentru conductoare.

6SHFLILFD LD Ctc
) U FKLFLXU
Diametrul conductorului mai mare sau egal cu 20 mm 1,10
Diametrul conductorului mai mic de 20 mm
&XFKLFLXU
1,20
Indiferent de diametrul conductorului

x 9kQWSHIDVFLFXODFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU :

g 5n C tc ˜ v ˜ p vch ˜ d e  2 ˜ b ch ˜ ch ˜ 10 3 ,

(daN/m)

x ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SHFRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LDYkQWPD[LP:

g 6n g 12n  g 24 n , (daN/m)

x ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SHFRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LDYkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU :

g 7n g 32n  g 52n , (daN/m)

,,,ÌQF UF ULXQLWDUHGHFDOFXO

Art.15. ÌQF UF ULOH GH FDOFXO FDUH VWDX OD ED]D GLPHQVLRQ ULL HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH DOH
/($ VH RE LQ SULQ vQPXO LUHD vQF UF ULORU QRUPDWH GHWHUPLQDWH FRQIRUP VXEFDSLWROXOXL ,,, FX
FRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOLGHVLJXUDQ  LQkQGX-VHVHDPDGHJUXSDUHDvQF UF ULORUSUHFL]DWHvQVXEFDSLWROXO
III.2.

Art.16. CODVLILFDUHDúLGHWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOvPSUHXQ FXFRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOL


GHVLJXUDQ FDUHVWDXODED]DGLPHQVLRQ ULLHOHPHQWHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOH/($VXQWSUH]HQWDWHvQ
tabelul 5.

Art.17. /D FDOFXOXO úL GLPHQVLRQDUHD HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH Dle LEA în regimurile
QRUPDOH GH IXQF LRQDUH JUXSDUHD IXQGDPHQWDO  GH vQF UF UL  úL UHJLPXULOH GH DYDULH JUXSDUHD
VSHFLDO GHvQF UF UL JUXS ULOHvQF UF ULORUGLQDUWLFROXOVHYRUIDFHGXS XUP WRDUHOHUHOD LL

i 5HJLPXULOHQRUPDOHGHIXQF LRQDUH
ƒÎnc UF ULQRUPDWH ¦ Pi  ¦ Vi LQWHUYLQODGHWHUPLQDUHDV JH LORUFRQGXFWRDUHORU
 

ƒÌQF UF ULGHFDOFXO ¦ ˜ Pi  ¦ ˜ Vi
 

n n

o Regim de avarie
ƒÌQF UF ULGHFDOFXO ¦ J a ˜ P i  ¦ J a ˜ Vi  ¦ J a ˜ E i
  

13
PE 106

Tabelul 5.

&ODVLILFDUHDGHWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOúLFRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOLGHVLJXUDQ SHQWUX


dimensionarea elementelor LEA.

&RHILFLHQWXOSDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ
Categoriile de
ÌQF UF UL Jn Ja
vQF UF UL Zonele Zonele Zonele Zonele
$%úL& 'úL( $%úL& 'úL(
Masa proprie
Permanente (stâlpi, cabluri, 1,10 1,10
(P) conductoare, izolatoare, (0,90)* (0,90)*
LQVWDOD LLHWF
a) Presiunea vântului pe
conductoare, stâlpi,
1,30 1,50 0,25 0,45
cabluri, izolatoare cu sau
I U FKLFLXU 
Variabile b) Masa chiciurii pe
conductoare (actiYHúLGH 1,80 1,80
SURWHF LH VWkOSL
(V)
(1,00)* (1,00)*
izolatoare etc.
F 7UDF LXQHD
conductoarelor în regim 1,30** -
QRUPDOGHIXQF LRQDUH
([FHS LRQDOH 7UDF LXQHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU
- 1,10**
(E) în regim de avarie

ÌQF UF ULUH]XOWDWHGin
Regim de
montaj 1,10 -
(M) schema de montaj

*)
9DORULOH  UHVSHFWLY  VH LQWURGXF vQ FDOFXO GDF  vQF UF ULOH UHVSHFWLYH DX HIHFW
GHIDYRUDELO DVXSUD UH]LVWHQ HL VDX VWDELOLW LL XQRU HOHPHQWH DOH VWkOSXOXL VDX IXQGD LLORU OD VWDUHD
OLPLW DQDOL]DW 
**)
 6H UHIHU  OD GHWHUPLQDUHD WUDF LXQLL vQ FRQGXFWRDUH SHQWUX FDOFXOXO VWkOSLORU úL VH DSOLF 
WUDF LXQLLPD[LPHQRUPDWH UH]XOWDW GLQvQF UF ULOHQRUPDWH 

14
PE 106

Tabelul 6.

'HWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUXQLWDUHQRUPDWHúLGHFDOFXOSHFRQGXFWRDUHOH
OLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHúLJUXSDUHDORUSHUHJLPXULOHGHIXQF LRQDUH

ÌQF UF UL Regim normal Regim de avarie


(daN) JUXSDUHDIXQGDPHQWDO JUXSDUHDVSHFLDO
Masa proprie a
g 1n gc
conductorului

S ˜ bch ˜ E ch ˜ bch ˜ E ch  d e ˜ J ch ˜ 10
Masa depunerii de
FKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRU
3
g 2n 

0DVDWRWDO  SURSULHúLD
GHSXQHULLGHFKLFLXU D
g c  ˜ b ch ˜ ˜ b ch ˜  de ˜ ˜ 10
ÌQF UF ULQRUPDWHSURYHQLWHGLQ

3
g 3n
conductorului ch ch ch 

3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH
conductorul g 4n C tc ˜ E v ˜ p v max ˜ d e ˜ 10 3
-
QHDFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU

PreVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH
C tc ˜ ˜ p vch ˜ d e  2 ˜ b ch ˜ ˜ 10 3 ˜ g 5n
a
conductorul acoperit cu g 5n g 5 na
FKLFLXU
v ch

ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH


FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOH g 6n g 12n  g 24 n -
vântului maxim
ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH
FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOHGH g 7n g 32n  g 52n g 7 na g 32n  g 52na
YkQWúLFKLFLXU
Masa proprie a
conductorului g 1c n ˜ gc
Masa depunerii de g 2c J n ˜ g 2n
FKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRU

0DVDWRWDO  SURSULHúi a
ÌQF UF ULGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQ

g 1c  g 2c
GHSXQHULLGHFKLFLXU D
g 3c
conductorului

3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH
conductorul neacoperit de g 4c J n ˜ g 4n -
FKLFLXU
3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH
conductorul acoperit cu g 5c ˜ g 5n g 5ca ˜ g 5n
FKLFLXU
n a

ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH


FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOH g 6c g 12c  g 24c -
vântului maxim
ÌQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH
g 32c  g 52c
FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOHGH
g 7c
-
YkQWúLFKLFLXU

15
PE 106

,,,ÌQF UF ULVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHúLGHFDOFXO

Art.18. ÌQF UF ULOHVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHVDXGHFDOFXOVHRE LQGLQvQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHQRUPDWH


VDXGHFDOFXOvPS U LWHODVHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL

Art.19. ÌQ FD]XO IDVFLFXOHORU GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWH SULQ VHF LXQH UHDO  D
FRQGXFWRUXOXLVHvQ HOHJHVHF LXQHDUHDO DQXOXOXLSXUW WRU

Art.20. 3H  ED]D  vQF UF ULORU  XQLWDUH  GH  FDOFXO VH  FDOFXOHD]   vQF UF ULOH  SH  ILHFDUH
element constructiv al liniei.

9ÌQF UF UL de calcul pe conductoare

o ÌQF UF ULRUL]RQWDOH:
- Ipoteza vânt maxim:

Fc g 4c ˜ a v ˜ sin 2 (daN)

în care :
g4c  vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLPD[LP
av  deschiderea la vQF UF ULGLQYkQW
 XQJKLXOGLQWUHGLUHF LDYkQWXOXLúLD[XOOLQLHL

-,SRWH]DYkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU 

Fc g 5c ˜ a v ˜ sin 2 - în regim normal (daN)

Fca g 5ca ˜ a v ˜ sin 2 - în regim de avarie (daN)

în care :
g5c, g5ca  vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU 

o ÌQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH JUHXWDWH :


 ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLH

Gc g 1c ˜ a g , (daN)
în care :
g1c  vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQJreutatea conductoarelor;
ag  GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH

 ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU 

Gc g 3c ˜ a g , (daN)
în care:
g3c  vQF UF ULOH XQLWDUH GH FDOFXO SURYHQLWH GLQ JUHXWDWHD FRQGXFWRDUHORU DFRSHULWH FX
FKLFLXU

16
PE 106

9ÌQF UF UL de calcul pe stâlpi

o ÌQF UF ULRUL]RQWDOH:

 Ipoteza vânt maxim:


Fst c n ˜ C ts ˜ v ˜ p v max ˜ A st , (daN)

în care :
Cts  FRHILFLHQWXODHURGLQDPLFSHQWUXVWkOSLúLDUHYDORDUHDGH
x SHQWUXVWkOSLFXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU 
x 1,4 pentru sWkOSLFXVXSUDIH HSODQH
Ev  FRHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HLYkQWXOXLODUDIDO 
pvmax  SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOPD[LP
Ast  VXSUDID DVWkOSXOXLH[SXV YkQWXOXL


 ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU 
Fst c n ˜ C ts ˜ v ˜ p vch ˜ ( A st ˜ 1,5) , - în regim normal (daN)

Fst ca J a ˜ C ts ˜ E v ˜ p vch ˜ ( Ast ˜ 1,5) , - în regim de avarie (daN)

în care:
pvch  SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU 
Ast  VXSUDID DVWkOSXOXLH[SXV YkQWXOXL
1,5  FRHILFLHQWXOGHPDMRUDUHDVXSUDIH HLVWkOSXOXLGDWRULW GHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU 
(numai pentru stâlpii cu alveole);

o ÌQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH:

ÌQF UF ULQRUPDWHSURYHQLWHGLQPDVDVWkOSLORUúLDGHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU 
 SHQWUXVWkOSLLQHDFRSHUL LFXFKLFLXU 
Gst n Gst , (daN)
 SHQWUXVWkOSLLDFRSHUL LFXFKLFLXU 
Gst n 1,1 ˜ Gst , (daN)
în care:
Gst  este greutatea stâlpului (daN);
1,1  FRHILFLHQWXOGHPDMRUDUHDJUHXW LLGDWRULW GHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU 

ÌQF UF ULGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQPDVDVWkOSLORUúLDGHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU 

Gst c n ˜ Gst n , (daN)


în care:
Jn  FRHILFLHQWXOSDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ 

17
PE 106

9ÌQF UF UL SHFRQVROHúLL]RODWRDUH

Art.21. $F LXQHDYkQWXOXLúLFKLFLXULLDVXSUDDUP WXULORUFRQVROHORUúLL]RODWRDUHORUSURGXFH


eforturi mult mai mici decât cele pe conductoare sau stâlpi; aceste eforturi se pot neglija.

9ÌQF UF UL de calcul GDWRUDWHWUDF LXQLL

Art.22. ÌQF UFDUHD GDWRUDW  WUDF LXQLL GLQ Fonductoare (T) VH GHWHUPLQ  SH ED]D
WUDF LXQLL specifice orizontale (po úLVHF LXQLLUHDOHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU

Tc n ˜ p o ˜ Sc , - regim normal ( daN)

Tc a ˜ p o ˜ Sc , - regim de avarie ( daN)

în care:
po  WUDF LXQHDVSHFLILF RUL]RQWDO  GD1PP2);
Sc  VHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL PP2).

Art.23. ÌQF UFDUHD GDWRULW  WUDF LXQLL GLQ FRQGXFWRU VH DSOLF  vQ SXQFWXO GH SULQGHUH D
FRQGXFWRUXOXLODVWkOSúLVHFRQVLGHU F DF LRQHD] vQGLUHF LDFRQGXFWRUXlui.

Art.24. 7UDF LXQHD VSHFLILF  RUL]RQWDO (po) VH FDOFXOHD]  vQ  FRQGL LLOH  FDS,,,   DUW
pct. g

18
PE 106

IV. CONDUCTOARE, FASCICULE DE CONDUCTOARE IZOLATE

IV. 1. Dimensionare

Art.25. Calculul mecanic al conductoarelor seHIHFWXHD] GXS PHWRGDODVW ULOLPLW vQFDUH


UH]LVWHQ HOH GH FDOFXO VXQW VWDELOLWH vQ SURFHQWH GLQ UH]LVWHQ D GH UXSHUH FDOFXODW  D FRQGXFWRUXOXL
(Prc).
3ULQ FDOFXOVH XUP UHúWHFD UH]LVWHQ HOH GH FDOFXO V  QXILHGHS úLWHFXPDLPXOWGHvQ
puncteleGHSULQGHUHDOHFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQFOHPHODGLIHULWHLSRWH]H VW UL GHIXQF LRQDUH
6HYRUYHULILFDXUP WRDUHOHVW UL
a) VWDUHD GH VROLFLWDUH PD[LP  DS UXW  vQ LSRWH]D FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH DUWJ FX
înF UFDUHDJ7cSHQWUXFDUHYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ Hi de calcul va fi de 0,7 . prc;
b) VWDUHD GH WHPSHUDWXU  PLQLP FRUHVSXQ] WRDUHDUWDFXvQF UFDUHDJ1c, pentru care
YDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXOYDILGH. prc;
c) VWDUHD GH VROLFLWDUH GH ILHFDUH ]L FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH SFW E FX vQF UFDUea, g1c, pentru
FDUHYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXOYDILGH. prc .
&DOFXOXOPHFDQLFDOFRQGXFWRDUHORUL]RODWHúLDFHORUFXILEU RSWLF LQFOXV VHIDFHvQDFHODúL
mod ca la conductoarele normale.
ÌQ SOXV SHQWUXFRQGXFWRDUHOHFX ILEU  RSWLF  LQFOXV  SURGXF WRULLWUHEXLHV DGXF GRYH]L
ED]DWH SH WHVWH F  vQ RULFDUH GLQ VW ULOH D  E  VDX F  GHILQLWH PDL VXV OD OLPLW  FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH
PHFDQLFHúLRSWLFHDOHILEUHLU PkQQHVFKLPEDWH

Art.26. 6 JHDWD PD[LP  VH FDOFXOHD]  vQ LSRWH]D FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH WHPSHUDWXULL PD[LPH
DUWH VDXLSRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU  DUWI 

Art.27. /D FDOFXOXO V JH LORU GH PRQWDM DOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU VH YD FRQVLGHUD VWDUHD LQL LDO 
UHVSHFWLY VWDUHD GLQDLQWHD DSDUL LHL IHQRPHQXOXL GH IOXDM 7UDF LXQLOH úL V JH LOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU
SHQWUXVWDUHDLQL LDO VHFDOFXOHD] SOHFkQGGHODYDORULOHPD[LPHDOHUH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXO
6 JH LOHGHPRQWDMVHFDOFXOHD] FXYDORULDOHvQF UF ULORUúLWUDF LXQLORUQRUPDWHSRUQLQGX-
VHGHODvQF UF ULOHGHFDOFXO J7c úLJ1c úLYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXODGPLV FDLSRWH] 
de dimensionare.
&DOFXOXOWUDF LXQLORUODDOWHVW ULGHFkWFHOHGHGLPHQVLRQDUHVHYDIDFHFXDMXWRUXOHFXD LHLGH
stare, aplicându-VHPHWRGDFXPRGXOHGHHODVWLFLWDWHLQL LDOúLILQDOHJDOH

Art.28. ÌQ FD]XO OLQLLORU DHULHQH HFKLSDWH FX FRQGXFWRDUH QHL]RODWH GH VHF LXQL GLIHULWH GH
exemplu: fazele 70 mm2 , nulul 50 mm2 úL LOXPLQDWXO SXEOLF  PP2  WUDF LXQLOH SHQWUX ILHFDUH
VHF LXQHGHFRQGXFWRUVHYRUDOHJHDVWIHOvQFkWV JH LOHFRQGXFWRDUHORUV DLE YDORULDSURSLDWHFX
UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,9

IV. 2. Detaliile constructive

Art.29. 3HQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHXWLOL]HD] IDVFLFXOH


de conductoare izolate torsadate. Fasciculele de conductoare torsadate sunt realizate dintr-un
FRQGXFWRU GLQ R HO-DOXPLQLX  VDX DOLDMH GH DOXPLQLX  úL FRQGXFWRDUH GLQ DOXPLQLX L]RODWH FX
materiale plastice rezistente la intemperii.
19
PE 106

6H DGPLWH SHQWUX OXFU UL GH UHSDUD LL vQ ED]D XQRU MXVWLILF UL WHKQLFR-ecoQRPLFH úL
XWLOL]DUHD FRQGXFWRDUHORU IXQLH GLQ DOXPLQLX QHL]RODWH LDU vQ ]RQHOH GH DPSODVDPHQW ,  úL
FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de aluminiu.
6H DGPLWH GH DVHPHQHD vQ ED]D XQRU MXVWLILF UL WHKQLFR-economice, utilizarea de
conductoare neizolDWH RE LQXWH GLQ GRX  VXEFRQGXFWRDUH GLQ DOXPLQLX FRQGXFWRDUH MXPHODWH  GH
DFHHDúLVHF LXQH&HOHGRX VXEFRQGXFWRDUHVHPDWLVHD] vPSUHXQ 

Art.30. &RQGL LLOH WHKQLFH JHQHUDOH GLPHQVLXQLOH úL FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH IL]LFR-mecanice ale
conductoarelor liniilor HOHFWULFH DHULHQH WUHEXLH V  FRUHVSXQG  VWDQGDUGHORU VDX QRUPHORU
SURGXF WRULORU

Art.31. 6HF LXQLOHPLQLPHDOHFRQGXFWRDUHORUGLQFRQVLGHUHQWHPHFDQLFHYRUIL


a) conductoare izolate torsadate:
- 35 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea
consumatorilor;
- 16 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea
iluminatului public;
- 50 mm2 , FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de
DOXPLQLXSHQWUXQXOXOSXUW WRU
b) conductoare neizolate:
- 35 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea
FRQVXPDWRULORU ID]HúLQXO 
- 25 mm2 , FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de
aluminiu, pentru alimentarea consumatorilor
ID]DúLQXO 

Art.32. Dimensionarea din punct de vedere electric a conductoarelor liniilor electrice


DHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHIDFHFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3(

Art.33. %UDQúDPHQWHOHHOHFWULFHVHYRUUHDOL]DFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXLSULYLQGSURLHFWDUHDúL
H[HFXWDUHEUDQúDPHQWHORUSHQWUXFO GLULFLYLOH 3( 

20
PE 106

Tabelul 7.
Caracteristicile fizico-mecanice ale sârmelor componente ale conductoarelor funie pentru LEA.

Rezistivitatea Coeficientul Greutatea Coeficientul 5H]LVWHQ D


Caracteristici
HOHFWULF vQFXUHQW GHWHPSHUDWXU YROXPLF  de dilatare Modulul
la
DOUH]LVWHQ HL (greutatea WHUPLF de elasticitate
rupere
continuu la 20qC
Material LEA Standard electrice VSHFLILF OLQLDU
:xmm2/m qC-1 kg/dm3 qC-1 daN/mm2 daN/mm2
18,5 y 17,3
LEA STAS 12488- -5 (I = 1,85y2,50 mm)
0,028264 0,004 2,7 2,3x10 5500
existente 86 17,3 y 16,4
Aluminiu

(I = 2,50y4,00 mm)
18,5 y 17,5
(I = 1,85y2,50 mm)
LEA noi SR CEI 60889 < 0,028264 0,00403 2,703 2,3x10-5 (5500)
17,0 y 16,5
(I = 2,50y3,50 mm)
32,5 (tip A), 29,5 (tip B)
(ISkQ ODPPLQFOXVLY
Aliaje de
aluminiu

0,032840 - tip A -5
- SR CEI 60104 0,0036 2,703 2,3x10 (5500)
0,032530 - tip B 31,5 (tip A), 29,5 (tip B)
(I peste 3,5 mm)

LEA STAS 0,2510 y 0,2493


0,0045 7,85 1,15x10-5 19600 117,6
categoria B

existente 3732/1;2-85 (I 1,45 y 3,20 mm)


2 HO

119,0 y 124,0
LEA noi SR CEI 60888 - - 7,78 1,15x10-5 (19600)
(I = 4,25y1,24 mm)

LEA STAS 0,2510 y 0,2493


0,0045 7,85 1,15x10-5 19600 137,3
categoria C

existente 3732/1;2-85 (I 1,45 y 3,20 mm)


2 HO

128,0 y 138,0
LEA noi SR CEI 60888 - - 7,78 1,15x10-5 (19600)
(I = 4,25y1,24 mm)

1RW Valorile dintre paranteze nuVXQWSUHY ]XWHvQVWDQGDUGXOUHVSHFWLY

21
PE 106

V. STÂLPI
9*HQHUDOLW L

Art.34. 6WkOSLL OLQLLORU HOHFWULFH DHULHQH VH FODVLILF  GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH IXQF LRQDO GXS 
FXPXUPHD] 
a) 6WkOSLGHVXV LQHUHXWLOL]D LSHQWUXVXV LQHUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU
b) Stâlpi de întindere,XWLOL]D LSHQWUXIL[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSULQvQWLQGHUH
FDSXQFWHGHVSULMLQvQOXQJXOOLQLHLvQORFXULGHWHUPLQDWHGHFRQGL LLOHGHIXQF LRQDUHVDXGHPRQWDM
c) Stâlpi terminali, XWLOL]D LSHQWUXIL[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSULQvQWLQGHUHODFDSetele liniei.
6WkOSLLGHVXV LQHUHúLvQWLQGHUHSRWILXWLOL]D LvQDOLQLDPHQWVDXvQFRO 

Art.35. ÌQOLQLLOHHOHFWULFHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHXWLOL]HD] GHUHJXO VWkOSLGLQEHWRQDUPDW


6HDGPLWHúLXWLOL]DUHDVWkOSLORUGLQOHPQLPSUHJQDWVDXGLQPHWDO.

Art.36. 6WkOSLLPHWDOLFLSUHFXPúLWRDWHFRQIHF LLOHPHWDOLFHDIHUHQWHXQXLVWkOSVH


YRUSURWHMDvPSRWULYDDJHQ LORUFRURVLYLSULQ]LQFDUHFXUHVSHFWDUHDSUHYHGHULORULQVWUXF LXQLL
3.2. L I-I 224/2002

Art.37. Stâlpii de la puncteOHD E úLF SRWILXWLOL]D LSHQWUXPRQWDUHDXQXLVLQJXUFLUFXLW


sau a mai multor circuite.

Art.38. ÌQ FD]XO HFKLS ULL VWkOSLORU FX PDL PXOWH FLUFXLWH DFHVWHD SRW V  ILH GH DFHHDúL
WHQVLXQHQRPLQDO VDXGHWHQVLXQLQRPLQDOHGLIHULWH

Art.39. În ca]XO OLQLLORU FX WHQVLXQL QRPLQDOH GLIHULWH SH DFHODúL VWkOS HVWH QHFHVDU 
YHULILFDUHDFRPSDWLELOLW LLGLQSXQFWGHYHGHUHHOHFWULFúLPHFDQLF

V. 2. Dimensionare
Art.40. 6WkOSLLVHGLPHQVLRQHD] SULQFDOFXOSHED]DvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOvQUHJLPQRUPal
GHIXQF LRQDUHvQUHJLPGHDYDULHúLvQFRQGL LLOHGHPRQWDM LQkQGX-VHVHDPDGHWLSXOIXQF LRQDOúL
FRQVWUXFWLYúLGLIHULWHLSRWH]HGHvQF UFDUH
/DGLPHQVLRQDUHDVWkOSLORUVHDGPLWHRGHS úLUHDUH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXOFXPD[LPXP

Art.41. PentrX GLPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH VH FRQVLGHU 
XUP WRDUHOHLSRWH]HGHFDOFXO
„Vânt maxim perpendicular pe linie (I.1)
a) SUHVLXQHDYkQWXOXLI U FKLFLXU  DUWG DF LRQkQGRUL]RQWDOvQGLUHF LDSHUSHQGLFXODU 
pe axul liniei sau înGLUHF LDELVHFWRDUHLXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDVXSUDVWkOSXOXLL]RODWRDUHORUúL
FRQGXFWRDUHORUSHGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW
b) PDVD I U  FKLFLXU  D VWkOSXOXL L]RODWRDUHORU úL FRQGXFWRDUHORU DF LRQkQG YHUWLFDO SH
GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH DUW.b);
c) WUDF LXQLOHRUL]RQWDOHvQFRQGXFWRDUHFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHSFWDUWGDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LD
bisectoarei unghiului liniei.

„9kQWSHUSHQGLFXODUSHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.2)
,GHP,FXFKLFLXU  FRQGL LDGHODart.10..g pentruSFWÄD´úLÄF´UHVSHFWLYart.10..f
pentru pct. „b”).

„Vânt maxim , la 45q pe linie (I.3)


,GHP,YkQWXODF LRQkQGGXS RGLUHF LHVLWXDW ODqID GHDOLQLDPHQWXOOLQLHL
sau bisectoarei unghiului liniei .

22
PE 106

„Vânt la 45q pe liniHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.4)


,GHP ,  FX  FKLFLXU    FRQGL LD  art.10.J  SHQWUX  SFW ÄD´  úL  ÄF´ UHVSHFWLY  art.10.f
pentru pct. „b”).

„'LIHUHQ DGHWUDF LXQHvQFRQGL LLGHGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.5)


a) ÌQF UF ULOHUH]XOWDWHGLQFRQVLGHUDUHDXQHLGLIHUHQ HGHvQWUHWUDF LXQLOH
RUL]RQWDOH  DOH  WXWXURU  FRQGXFWRDUHORU  GLQ  SDQRXULOH  DGLDFHQWH vQ  FRQGL LD
art.10.IDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDD[XOXLOLQLHL
b) ,GHP,EvQFRQGL LDart.10.f ;
c) ,GHP,FvQFRQGL LDart.10.f ;

„Vânt maxim perpendicular pe linie în montaj terminal (I.6)


a) Idem, I.1.a,
b) Idem, I.1.b,
c) ÌQF UF ULOH  SURYHQLWH  GLQ  WUDF LXQLOH  RUL]RQWDOH  XQLODWHUDOH  DOH  WXWXURU
FRQGXFWRDUHORUUHDOL]DWHvQFRQGL LDart.10.GDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDD[ului liniei.

„Vânt perpendicular SHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHUHDGHFKLFLXU


în montaj terminal (I.7)
,GHP,FXFKLFLXU  FRQGL LDart.10.JSHQWUXSFWÄD´úLÄF´UHVSHFWLYart.10.f pentru
pct. „b”).

Art.42. Pentru dimensionarea stâlpilor în regim de avarie VH FRQVLGHU  XUP WRDUHOH
ipoteze de calcul:

„5XSHUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUvQFRQGL LLOHXQXLYkQWSHUSHQGLFXODUSHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHUL
GHFKLFLXU  $ 
ÌQFD]XOLSRWH]HL$VHFRQVLGHU XUP WRDUHOHvQF UF UL
x SURLHF LLOH vQF UF rilor orizontale, F DF LRQkQG vQ OXQJXO OLQLHL VDX SHUSHQGLFXODU SH
bisectoarea unghiului liniei, rezultate din considerarea unor conductoare rupte numai
SHQWUXVWkOSLLGHvQWLQGHUHúLDQXPH
- VHFRQVLGHU UXSWXQVLQJXUFRQGXFWRULQGLIHUHQWGHQXP Uul de circuite;
2EVHUYD LL
- vQF UF ULOHFVHDSOLF DVWIHOvQFkWV VHUHDOL]H]HFHOPDLPDUHPRPHQWGHvQFRYRLHUH
sau de torsiune,
- vQF UF ULOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ SUHVLXQHD YkQWXOXL FRQGL LD art.10.J  DF LRQkQG RUL]RQWDO vQ
GLUHF LH SHUSHQGLFXODU  SH D[XOOLQLHLVDXvQGLUHF LDELVHFWRDUHLXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDVXSUD
VWkOSXOXLúLFRQGXFWRDUHORUSHGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW
- vQF UF ULOH YHUWLFDOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ PDVD FX FKLFLXU  D VWkOSXOXL L]RODWRDUHORU úL
FRQGXFWRDUHORUSHQWUXGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH FRQGL LDart.10.f).
- SURLHF LLOHSHELVHFWRDUHDXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDvQF UF ULORUFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHFRQGXFWRDUHORU
UXSWH SOXV vQF UF ULOH GLQ WUDF LXQLOH RUL]RQWDOH vQ FRQGXFWRDUH VDX ID]HOH FX
FRQGXFWRDUHU PDVHQHUXSWHDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDELVHctoarei unghiului liniei, toate luate
vQLSRWH]DGLQFRQGL LDart.10.g.

Art.43. 3HQWUXWR LVWkOSLLVHYDFRQVLGHUDRvQF UFDUHQRUPDW VXSOLPHQWDU SURYHQLW GLQ


JUHXWDWHDPRWRUXOXLúLDGLVSR]LWLYHORUGHPRQWDM6HUHFRPDQG YDORDUHDGHGD1
Se va  LQH  VHDPD  úL  GH  vQF UF ULOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ JUHXWDWHD FRUSXULORU GH LOXPLQDW úL
DUP WXULORUQHFHVDUHPRQW ULLORU EUD HVXSRU LEU ULúD 

23
PE 106

Art.44. ,SRWH]HOHGHFDOFXOSUH]HQWDWHPDLVXVVHYRUDSOLFDGLIHULWHORUWLSXULIXQF LRQDOHGH


stâlpi, conform tabelului 8.

Art.45.  /D GLPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU OLQLLORU GH IRORVLQ  FRPXQ  FX OLQLL GH DOWH WHQVLXQL
OLQLLGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLWUDQVSRUWvQFRPXQúD VHYRUFRQVLGHUDSHOkQJ vQF UF ULOHLQGLFDWHPDL
VXVúLvQF UF ULOHVXSOLPHQWDUHGDWRUate circuitelor cu care este în comun linia.
9DORULOHvQF UF ULORUVXSOLPHQWDUHYRUILSUHOXDWHGHODIDFWRULLFDUHPRQWHD] úLH[SORDWHD] 
LQVWDOD LDUHVSHFWLY 

Art.46. 3HQWUXSURLHFWDUHDVWkOSLORUPHWDOLFLFX] EUHOHVDXWXEXODUL FXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU 


VDXSROLJRQDO GHEHWRQVDXGHOHPQVHYRUOXDvQFRQVLGHUDUHvQF UF ULOHGHFDOFXOGHWHUPLQDWH
FRQIRUPDUWúLLSRWH]HORUGHvQF UFDUHSUHFL]DWHODFDSLWROXO9FXOXDUHDvQFRQVLGHUDUHDXQRU
GHVFKLGHUL OD vQF UF UL GLQ YkQW Dv úL OD vQF UF UL YHUWLFDOH Dg FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH GRPHQLXOXL GH
utilizare a stâlpilor respectivi.

Art.47. &DOFXOXOGLPHQVLRQDUHDDOF WXLUHDFRQVWUXFWLY úLDOHJHUHDPDWHULDOXOXLúLYDORULOH


UH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXOSHQWUXVWkOSLLFX] EUHOHYRUILvQFRQIRUPLWDWH cu prevederile “Metodologiei
pentru dimensionarea stâlpilor metalici ai liniilor electrice aeriene – PE 105”.

Art.48.  'HSODV ULOH OD YkUI OLPLW  DGPLVH DOH VWkOSLORU WXEXODUL FX VHF LXQH FLUFXODU  VDX
SROLJRQDO SULQDSOLFDUHDvQF UF ULORUQRUPDWHVXQt:
x GLQOXQJLPHDVWkOSXOXLvQFD]XOVWkOSLORUGHVXV LQHUHúLVXV LQHUHvQFRO 
x GLQOXQJLPHDVWkOSXOXLvQFD]XOVWkOSLORUGHvQWLQGHUHDQFRUD LúLWHUPLQDOL
/DVWkOSLLPHWDOLFLFX] EUHOHGHSODV ULOHODYkUIQXVHQRUPHD] 

Art.49.  6HF LXQLOH RUL]RQWDOH DOH VWkOSLORU WXEXODUL FX VHF LXQH FLUFXODU  VDX SROLJRQDO 
DIHFWDWHGHFRQVROHFRURQDPHQWVDXDQFRUHYRUILYHULILFDWHVWDWLFúLvQW ULWHFRUHVSXQ] WRU
-RQF LXQLOH SULQ SHWUHFHUH YRU WUHEXL V  DLE  OXQJLPHD SHWUHFHULORU GH FHO SX LQ 5 x
GLDPHWUXOPHGLDQFHOPDLGHMRVGLQWUHFHOHGRX SHWUHFHUL

Art.50. )HUHVWUHOHVWkOSLORUWXEXODUL FXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU VDXSROLJRQDO SUDFWLFDWHvQVFRS


WHKQRORJLFVHYRUSURWHMDFRUHVSXQ] WRUvPSRWULYDS WUXQGHULLDSHL

Art.51. Proiectarea stâlSLORU GLQ EHWRQ DUPDW úL EHWRQ SUHFRPSULPDW VH IDFH FRQIRUP
normativului PE 104, iar a stâlpilor de lemn se vor face în conformitate cu prevederile
“Îndrumarului pentru calculul stâlpilor de lemn ai liniilor aeriene de medie tensiune” - 1.LI-
Ip.4/16.-2000.

Tabelul 8.

,SRWH]HOHGHFDOFXODOHGLIHULWHORUWLSXULIXQF LRQDOHGHVWkOSL

*UXSDUHDGHvQF UF UL
Nr.
7LSXOIXQF LRQDODOVWkOSXOXL )XQGDPHQWDO 6SHFLDO
crt. (Regim normal) (Regim de avarie)
Ipoteza de calcul
6XV LQHUH
1. Echipat cu izolatoare de suspensie
ODQ XULGHL]RODWRDUH
I.1, I.2, I.3 , I.4 -
2. Întindere I.1, I.2, I.5 A
3. Terminal I.6, I.7 A

24
PE 106

VI. )81'$ ,,

Art.52.  )XQGD LLOH VWkOSLORU GLQ OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH UHDOL]HD]  vQ
XUP WRDUHOHYDULDQWH
a) IXQGD ii burate;
b) IXQGD LLWXUQDWH
c) IXQGD LLSUHIDEULFDWH
a) )XQGD LLOHEXUDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXVWUDWXULVXFFHVLYHGHFPS PkQWELQHFRPSDFWDW
b) )XQGD LLOHWXUQDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXEHWRQWXUQDWvQJURDSDGHIXQGD LHvQMXUXOVWkOSXOXLúL
pot fi poligonale, tip pahar sau forate injectate.
c) )XQGD LLOHSUHIDEULFDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXHOHPHQWHGHEHWRQDUPDWSUHIDEULFDW ULJOHVDX
coloane).

Art.53. &DOFXOXOGHGLPHQVLRQDUHDIXQGD LLORUVHIDFHSHED]DvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXODYkQG


vQYHGHUHIXQF LDVWkOSXOXLFRQIRUPnormativului PE 152.

VII. ANCORE

Art.54. 6WDELOLUHDVDUFLQLLGHUXSHUHDFDEOXOXLGHDQFRU VHIDFHSHED]DQRUPDWLYXOXL3(


DYkQGvQYHGHUHXQFRHILFLHQWGHVLJXUDQ FXYDORDUHDGHvQUHJLPQRUPDOGHIXQF LRQDUHúL
cu valoarea 2,0 în regim de avarie.
Tabelul 9.
&DEOXULOHGHFRQVWUXF LHVLPSO
(STAS 1513/80, clasa157,0 daN/mm2, 160kgf/mm2)

0 ULPHD Diametrul Aria ([HFX LD Sarcina


Tipul ancorei cablului VHF LXQLL 1XP UXO Diametrul de Masa
ancorei sârmelor de fire unui fir rupere

(kN) (mm) (mm2) - (mm) (daN) (kg/km)


25 9 48,35 19 1,8 6900 0,399
VLPSO 40 11 72,20 19 2,2 10300 0,598
60 14 116,99 19 2,8 16800 0,965

Art.55. ÌQVLWXD LDvQFDUHVWkOSXOFDUHVHDQFRUHD] HVWHGHEHWRQWRDWHDUP WXULOH


metaliFHLQFOXVLYDQFRUDVHOHDJ ODSUL]DGHS PkQWDVWkOSXOXL

Art.56. ÌQVLWXD LDvQFDUHVWkOSXOHVWHGHOHPQ L]RODWID GHS PkQW úLQXHVWH


SUHY ]XWFXSUL] GHS PkQWVHYRUPRQWDL]RODWRULGHDQFRU 

25
PE 106

VIII. ACCESORII PENTRU LINIILE ELECTRICE AERIENE

Art.57.  /LQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH FX IDVFLFXOH GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH
WRUVDGDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXDUP WXULVSHFLDOH DFFHVRULL QHFHVDUHPRQW ULLIDVFLFXOHORUSHVWkOSLVDX
SHID DGHOHFO GLULORU$FFHVRULLOHWUHEXLHV FRUHVSXQG VWDQGDUGHORUVDXQRUPHORUGHSURGXV

Art.58. $FFHVRULLOH DUP WXULFRQVROHVXSRUWXULEU ULúD VHGLPHQVLRQHD] GLQSXQFW


de vedere mecanic, prin calcul.
6DUFLQLOHGHFDOFXOQRPLQDOHVHGHWHUPLQ SULQDGRSWDUHDXQui coeficient de 50% din sarcina
GHUXSHUHPHFDQLF PLQLP 
&OHPHOH GH OHJ WXU  HOHFWULF  úL FOHPHOH GH OHJ WXU  HOHFWULF  úL PHFDQLF  WUHEXLH V 
FRUHVSXQG FRQGL LLORULPSXVHGH65(1

Art.59. În cazul liniilor cu conductoare neizolate, pentru montarea conductoarelor pe stâlpi


VH XWLOL]HD]  FRQVROHEU ULVXSRUWXULúLL]RODWRDUH$FHVWHDFFHVRULLVHGLPHQVLRQHD] FRQIRUP
DUW)L[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUQHL]RODWHSHL]RODWRDUHVHH[HFXW SULQPDWLVDUH OHJ WXU vQFUXFH OD
VXV LQHUHúLFXcleme sau matisare la întindere.

Art.60. $FFHVRULLOHOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQH FRQVROHVXSRUWXULDUP WXUL


úD WUHEXLHV ILHSURWHMDWHSULQ]LQFDUH

Art.61. /LQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHSUHY GFXHOHPHQWHSHQWUu realizarea


LOXPLQDWXOXLSXEOLFVWUDGDOFLUFXLWHHOHFWULFHFRUSXULGHLOXPLQDWDFFHVRULLSXQFWHGHDSULQGHUHúD

IX. 0217$5($&21'8&72$5(/253(67Æ/3,6$83(&/ ',5,

IX. 1. Linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate

Art.62. Montarea fasciculelor GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWH VH IDFH vQ IXQF LH GH
FRQGL LLOHFRQFUHWHGLQWHUHQ
a) pe stâlpi;
b) SHID HWHOHFO GLULORU IDVFLFXOSR]DWVDXvQWLQV 

Art.63.  0RQWDUHD IDVFLFXOHORU SH VWkOSL VDX SH ID DGHOH FO GLULORU VH IDFH FX FOHPH úL
DUP WXULVSHFLDOGestinate acestui scop.

Art.64. 'LVWDQ DPLQLP SHYHUWLFDO GHODIDVFLFXOXOWRUVDGDWPRQWDWSHVWkOSLvQSXQFWXOGH


V JHDW PD[LP ODVROWUHEXLHV ILHGHPFXH[FHS LDSRU LXQLORUVSHFLDOHGHOLQLHXQGHVHYRU
respecta prevederile de la cap.XI.

Art.65. 0RQWDUHDIDVFLFXOHORUSHID HWHOHFO GLULORUVHYDUHDOL]DFXUHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORU


FRQGL LL
- SHUH LL WUHEXLH V  ILH GLQ PDWHULDOH QHFRPEXVWLELOH úL UH]LVWHQ L GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH
mecanic;
- vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLvQWLQVSXQFWHOHGHVXV LQHUHD fasciculului vor fi astfel alese încât
V VHUHVSHFWHJDEDULWHOHPLQLPLPSXVHODVROFRQIRUPDUWúLFDS;,
- vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLSR]DWGLVWDQ DGHODIDVFLFXOODVROYDGHPLQLPXPP
- GLVWDQ DGHODIDVFLFXOODSHUHWHOHFO GLULLVDXDOWHHOHPHQWHDOHFO GLULLYDILGHFLUFD
FPvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLvQWLQVúLFPvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLSR]DW

26
PE 106

- VHLQWHU]LFHPRQWDUHDIDVFLFXOHORUSHFO GLULUHDOL]DWHGLQPDWHULDOHFRPEXVWLELOHSUHFXP
úL SH SHUH LL vQF SHULORU vQ FDUH DX ORF SURFHVe termice (de exemplu: centrale termice,
FRúXULGHIXPHWF 
- VHYDXUP ULV QXVHGHJUDGH]HDVSHFWXODUKLWHFWXUDO HVWHWLFD FO GLULL

IX. 2. Linii cu conductoare neizolate

Art.66.  &RQGXFWRDUHOH YRU IL PRQWDWH vQ GLVSR]L LH RUL]RQWDO  FRURQDPHQW RUL]ontal); în
FD]XULMXVWLILFDWHVHDGPLWHúLGLVSR]L LDYHUWLFDO  FRURQDPHQWYHUWLFDO 

Art.67. Indiferent de tipul coronamentului (orizontal sau vertical), conductoarele se vor


DPSODVDGXS FXPXUPHD] 
a) FRQGXFWRDUHOHGHID] DOHFLUFXLWXOXL FLUFXLWHORU GHXWLOL] ULFDVQLFHVHGLVSXQvQSDUWHD
dinspre case;
b) FRQGXFWRUXOGHQXOVHGLVSXQHvQSDUWHDGHMRVDFRURQDPHQWXOXLOkQJ VWkOS
c) FRQGXFWRUXO FRQGXFWRDUHOH  GH LOXPLQDW SXEOLF VH GLVSXQH SH SDUWHD GLQVSUH VWUDG  D
coronamentului.

Art.68. ConductorulGHQXOVHYDPRQWDGHUHJXO GLUHFWSHFRQVRO VDXSHEU DU  I U 


izolator) prin intermediul unei cleme. În cazul în care se vor folosi izolatoare, se va executa un inel
GHUHFXQRDúWHUHOkQJ ILHFDUHL]RODWRUGHQXO

Art.69.  'LVWDQ D PLQLP  vQWUH FRnductoarele neizolate (d), în punctele de prindere, pe


RUL]RQWDO  VDX SH YHUWLFDO  LQGLIHUHQW GH WLSXO  FRURQDPHQWXOXL VDX GH ]RQD PHWHRURORJLF  VH
GHWHUPLQ FXUHOD LD

d 0,5 ˜ f , (m)
unde ;
f -V JHDWDPD[LP vQGHVFKLGHre (m).
,QGLIHUHQWGHUH]XOWDWHOHFDOFXOHORUGLVWDQ DÄd” QXYDILPDLPLF GHP

Art.70. 'LVWDQ DGLQWUHFRQGXFWRDUHúLVWkOSVDXRULFHDOWHOHPHQWOHJDWODS PkQWWUHEXLHV 


fie minimum 5 cm.

Art.71. 'LVWDQ DPLQLP SHYHUWLFDO GHODFRQGXFWRDUHvQSXQFWXOGHV JHDW PD[LP úL


VXSUDID DVROXOXLWUHEXLHV DLE XUP WRDUHOHYDORUL
- PvQ]RQHOHFXFLUFXOD LHIUHFYHQW 
- PvQ]RQHOHFXFLUFXOD LHUHGXV 
- PvQ]RQHOHJUHXDFFHVLELOHSHQWUXRDPHQL GHH[HPSOXSDQWHDEUXSWHPODúWLQLHWH .
)DFH[FHS LHSRU LXQLOHVSHFLDOHXQGHVHYRUUHVSHFWDSUHYHGHULOHGLQFDS;,

IX. 3. Linii FXGRX VDXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWH

Art.72.  /LQLLOHHOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQHFX PDL PXOWHFLUFXLWH VH SRW UHDOL]D vQ
variantele:
a) cu conductoare izolate torsadate;
b) cu conductoare neizolate;
c) FXXQFLUFXLWFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHúLXQFLUFXLWFXFRQGXFWRDUHQHL]RODWH

27
PE 106

Art.73. /LQLLOHHOHFWULFHFXGRX FLUFXLWHFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FX


UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,;)DVFLFXOHOHVHSRWPRQWDSHDFHHDúLSDUWHDVWkOSXOXLVDXGHR
SDUWHúLGHDOWDDOXL
'LVWDQ DGLQWUHIDVFLFXOHQXVHQRUPHD] 

Art.74.  /LQLLOH HOHFWULFH FX GRX  FLUFXLWH FX FRQGXFWRDUH QHL]RODWH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX
UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,;FXXUP WRDUHOHSUHFL] UL
- FLUFXLWXOSHQWUXXWLOL] ULFDVQLFHVHGLVSXQHSHSDUWHDGLQVSUHORFXLQ H
- FRQGXFWRUXO FRQGXFWRDUHOH GHQXOVHGLVSXQHvQSDUWHDGHMRVDFRURQDPHQWXOXLOkQJ 
stâlp.

Art.75. În cazul liniilor cu un circuit cu conductoare izolate WRUVDGDWH úL XQ FLUFXLW FX
FRQGXFWRDUHQHL]RODWHGLVWDQ DPLQLP vQWUHFHOHGRX FLUFXLWHSHRUL]RQWDO VDXSHYHUWLFDO YDIL
de 30 cm.

Art.76.  'LPHQVLRQDUHD HOHPHQWHORU OLQLHL FX PDL PXOWH FLUFXLWH VH IDFH LQkQG VHDPD GH
vQF UF ULOHSURGXVHGHWRDte circuitele.

IX. 4. Linii DHULHQHFXVWkOSLFRPXQLSHQWUXMRDV úLPHGLHWHQVLXQH

Art.77. &LUFXLWXOGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHPRQWHD] VXEFLUFXLWXOGHPHGLHWHQVLXQH'LVWDQ DSH


VWkOSvQWUHHOHPHQWHOHOLQLHLGHPHGLHúLMRDV WHQVLXQHYDILGHPLQLPXP1,5 m.

Art.78. /LQLDHOHFWULF GHPHGLHWHQVLXQHYDUHVSHFWDFRQGL LLOHLPSXVHGHQRUPDWLYXO3(


104, cap. XV.3 tabelul 23.c.

Art.79.  'LVWDQ D SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH OD
FRQGL LDGHV JHDW PD[LP úLFRQGXFWRUXOVXSHULRUDOOLQLHLGHMRDV WHQVLXQHYDILGHPLQLPXP
PGDF GHVFKLGHUHDGLQWUHVWkOSLHVWHPDLPLF VDXHJDO FXPúLGHPGDF GHVFKLGHUHD
este mai mare de 40 m.

IX. 5. Linii DHULHQHSHVWkOSLFRPXQLFXDOWHLQVWDOD LL

Art.80. LLQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHSRWILUHDOL]DWHSHVWkOSLvQFRPXQFXDOWH


LQVWDOD LL WHOHFRPXQLFD LLWHOHIRQLHUDGLRILFDUHWHOHYL]LXQHSULQFDEOXWUDQVSRUWXOvQFRPXQúD 
Utilizarea în comun a stâlpilor pentru linii de energie electric WUDF LXQHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLúD
se face în conformitate cu prevederile SR 831/2002.

Art.81.  'LPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU XWLOL]D L vQ FRPXQ VHIDFH LQkQG VHDPD úL GH vQF UF ULOH
rezultate de la toate circuitele montate pe stâlp.

Art.82. Realizarea liniiORU DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH FX LQVWDOD LL SHQWUX WUDQVSRUWXO vQ
FRPXQ WUDPYDLWUROHLEX] VHIDFHFXUHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORUFRQGL LL
- ODGLPHQVLRQDUHDVWkOSLORUVH LQHVHDPDúLGHvQF UF ULOHGDWRUDWHLQVWDOD LLORUGHWUDQVSRUW
în comun;
- GHUHJXO FLUFXLWHOHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF VHGLVSXQSHVWkOSSHSDUWHDRSXV LQVWDOD LLORUGH
transport în comun;
- GLVWDQ HOHSHVWkOSvQWUHFLUFXLWHVXQWUHJOHPHQWDWHvQ65
- WUROHLEX]HOHWUHEXLHV ILHSUHY ]XWHFXOLPLWDWRUGHFXUV FDUHV UH LQ FDSWDWRDrele la
GHFRQHFWDUHDDFFLGHQWDO DDFHVWRUDGHODOLQLDGHFRQWDFW

28
PE 106

X. 0 685,'(6,*85$1 ù,3527(& ,(

Art.83. ÌQYHGHUHDP ULULLVLJXUDQ HLvQIXQF LRQDUHDOLQLHLúLSHQWUXSURWHMDUHDLQVWDOD LLORU


FRQVWUXF LLORUúDVLWXDWHvQYHFLQ WDWHSUHFXPúLSHQWUXSURWHMDUHDRDPHQLORUúLDQLPDOHORUFDUHSRW
YHQLvQFRQWDFWFXS U LDOHOLQLHLSXVHvQPRGDFFLGHQWDOVXEWHQVLXQHvQOLQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHVH
YRUOXDP VXULGHVLJXUDQ úLSURWHF LH

Art.84. 3ULQP VXULGHVLJXUDQ VHvQ HOHJHDGRSWDUHDXQRUVROX LLWHKQLFHFDUHV FRQGXF 


ODFUHúWHUHDVLJXUDQ HLvQIXQF LRQDUHDOLQLHL
$FHVWHVROX LLWHKQLFHVXQWXUP WRDUHOH

„VLJXUDQ P ULW – VHYRUDGRSWDXUP WRDUHOHP VXUL


- stâlpii vor fi de întindere;
- VHYRUUHDOL]DOHJ WXULGHvQWLQGHUH
- dHVFKLGHUHDQXYDGHS úL din valoarea deschiderii calculate (minimul dintre
GHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO GHVFKLGHUHDODYkQWúLGHVFKLGHUHDODVDUFLQLYHUWLFDOH 
- LQWHU]LFHUHD vQQ GLULLFRQGXFWRDUHORU vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWH
torsadate se LQWHU]LFHvQQ GLUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU

„VLJXUDQ – VHYRUDGRSWDXUP WRDUHOHP VXUL


- GHVFKLGHUHDQXYDGHS úL din valoarea deschiderii calculate (minimul dintre
GHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO GHVFKLGHUHDODYkQWúLGHVFKLGHUHDODVDUFLQLYHUWLFDOH 
- interzicerHD vQQ GLULLFRQGXFWRDUHORUvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWH
WRUVDGDWHVHLQWHU]LFHvQQ GLUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU

Art.85. 3ULQP VXULGHSURWHF LHVHvQ HOHJHDGRSWDUHDXQRUVROX LLWHKQLFHFDUHV FRQGXF 


ODSURWHF LDvPSRWULYDHOHFWURFXW ULL:
- vQ OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH IRORVHúWH SURWHF LD SULQ OHJDUH OD QXO
FRQIRUP67$6úL67$6
- SURWHF LD OD VXSUDVDUFLQL HOHFWULFH VDX VFXUWFLUFXLWH VH UHDOL]HD]  FRQIRUP SUHVFULS LHL
1 RE – Ip 45/90 în baza calculelor efectuate conform PE 134-2/96;
- DUP WXULOHPHWDOLFHGHSHVWkOS FRQVROHVXSRU LEU ULFkUMHDQFRUHúD VHYRUOHJDOD
FRQGXFWRUXOGHQXO)DFH[FHS LHDUP WXULOHSHQWUXPRQWDUHDIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUH
L]RODWHWRUVDGDWH DUP WXULWLMHVXSRU LúD ODFDUHSULQFRQVWUXF LHVHUHDOL]HD] L]RODUH
VXSOLPHQWDU GHSURWHF LH
- vQFD]XOXWLOL] ULLXQRUFOHPHGHvQWLQGHUHSHQWUXIL[DUHDIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUH
L]RODWHWRUVDGDWHFHQHFHVLW GH]L]RODUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXLGHQXOFOHPele se vor lega
ODSUL]DGHS PkQWDIHUHQW VWkOSXOXLUHVSHFWLYSULQWU-XQFRUGRQGHOHJ WXU GH
DFHLDúLVHF LXQHúLPDWHULDOFDDOQXOXOXLSXUW WRUSULQLQWHUPHGLXOXQRUSDSXFLGH
OHJ WXU 

Art.86. Stâlpii liniilor aeriene vRUILSUHY ]X LFXLQGLFDWRDUHGHLGHQWLILFDUHúLLQGLFDWRDUH


GHVHFXULWDWHFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3(úL67$6

Art.87.  /D OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH YD DVLJXUD SURWHF LD vPSRWULYD
supratensiunilor atmosferice, conform prescrLS LHL/M-I 85/2002.

29
PE 106

XI. &21', ,,'(&2(;,67(1 &8',9(56(&216758& ,,


6$8,167$/$ ,,

;,7UDYHUV UL úLDSURSLHULID GHF LIHUDWH

Art.88. & LOHIHUDWHVHvPSDUWvQXUP WRDUHOHFDWHJRULL


a) F LIHUDWHHOHFWULILFDWHVDXHOHFWULILFDELOH– F LOe ferate unde s-DLQWURGXVVDXXUPHD] V 
VHLQWURGXF WUDF LXQHHOHFWULF 
b) F LIHUDWHQHHOFWULILFDWHFXWUDILFSHUPDQHQW– F LOHIHUDWHQHSUHY ]XWHvQSURJUDPXOGH
HOHFWULILFDUHúLSHFDUHVHGHVI úRDU XQWUDILFSHUPDQHQWSHED]DXQXLJUDILFGHFLUFXOD ie;
c) F LIHUDWHQHHOHFWULILFDWHFXWUDILFLQWHUPLWHQW– F LOHIHUDWHQHSUHY ]XWHvQSURJUDPXOGH
HOHFWULILFDUHúLSHFDUHVHGHVI úRDU XQWUDILFORFDO F LIHUDWHLQGXVWULDOHX]LQDOHIRUHVWLHUHHWF 
6WDELOLUHDFDWHJRULHLGHFDOHIHUDW VHYDIDFHSULQconsultarea organelor SNCFR.

Art.89. 7UDYHUV ULOHúLDSURSLHULOHID GHF LOHIHUDWHVHYRUWUDWDFRQIRUPWDEHOXOXL

Art.90. 7UDYHUVDUHDFX/($SHVWHF LIHUDWHvQ]RQDVWD LLORUDGHSRXULORUGHORFRPRWLYHD


DWHOLHUHORUGHPDWHULDOUXODQWúDQX se admite.

Art.91. /DWUDYHUV ULOH/($SHVWHF LIHUDWHvQORFXULOHPDUFDWHSULQSRU LGHJDEDULWVHYD


UHVSHFWDGLVWDQ DPLQLP GHPP VXUDW vQWUHFRQGXFWRUXO/($ODV JHDW VDXGHYLD LHPD[LP úL
poarta de gabarit.

Tabelul 10.
7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULGHF LIHUDWH

75$9(56 5, APROPIERI
YHUWLFDO   vQWUH

'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH


RUL]RQWDO   vQWUH
IXQGD LDVWkOSXOXLúL
'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH

conductorul interior

0 VXULGH 'LVWDQ DPLQLP  0 VXULGH


7LSXOF LLIHUDWH VLJXUDQ VLJXUDQ
DO/($úLúLQ

„D” între axul


OLQLHLúLFHDPDL
DSURSLDW úLQ
úLQ

&DOHIHUDW  D !10 m Nu se vor lua


 HOHFWULILFDW VDXvQFXUV 1XVHDGPLWWUDYHUV UL P VXUL GH
de electrificare; 6HYRUH[HFXWDVXEWUDYHUV ULvQFDEOX siJXUDQ
 HOHFWULILFDELO 
&DOH IHUDW   QHHOHFWULIFDELO  -6LJXUDQ P ULW
cu trafic permanent sau - Unghiul de 7m Hst Hst  D  10 m Ä6LJXUDQ ´
intermitent traversare de
minimum 45q
Hst HVWHvQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDVWkOSXOXL

30
PE 106

XI. 2. TraverV UL úLDSURSLHULID GHGUXPXUL

Art.92. 'UXPXULOHvQFRQIRUPLWDWHFX2*5úL207VHFODVLILF DVWIHO


„'LQSXQFWXOGHYHGHUHDOGHVWLQD LHL
a) drumuri publice - RELHFWLYH GH XWLOLWDWH SXEOLF  GHVWLQDWH WUDQVSRUWXOXL UXWLHU vQ VFRSXO
VDWLVIDFHULLFHULQ HORUHFRQRPLHLQD LRQDOHDOHSRSXOD LHLúLGHDS UDUHD ULL

b) GUXPXUL GH XWLOLWDWH SULYDW - VHUYHVF DFWLYLW LORU HFRQRPLFH IRUHVWLHUH SHWUROLHUH PLQLHUH
agricole, energetice etc., de acces în incinte, din incinte, organizare deúDQWLHU 

„'LQSXQFWXOGHYHGHUHIXQF LRQDOúLDGPLQLVWUDWLYWHULWRULDO
a) GUXPXUL GH LQWHUHV QD LRQDO DSDU LQ SURSULHW LL SXEOLFH úL DVLJXU  OHJ WXUD FDSLWDOHL FX
UHúHGLQ HOHGHMXGH HOHJ WXULOHvQWUHDFHVWHDSUHFXPúLFX ULOHYHFLQH SRWIL
x auWRVWU ]L
x GUXPXULQD LRQDOHHXURSHQH ( 
x GUXPXULQD LRQDOHSULQFLSDOH
x GUXPXULQD LRQDOHVHFXQGDUH

b) GUXPXUL GH LQWHUHV MXGH HDQ DSDU LQ SURSULHW LL SXEOLFH D MXGH XOXL úL DVLJXU  OHJ WXULOH vQWUH
UHúHGLQ HOHGHMXGH úLUHúHGLQ HOHGHFRPXQHPXQLFLSLLRUDúHSRUWXULDHURSRUWXULRELHFWLYHOHJDWH
GHDS UDUHWXULVWLFHHWFSUHFXPúLvQWUHRUDúHúLPXQLFLSLL 

c) drumuri de interes local DSDU LQSURSULHW LLSXEOLFHDXQLW LLDGPLQLVWUDWLYHSHWHULWoULXOF UHLD


VHDIO SRWIL
x drumuri comunale (lHDJ  UHúHGLQ D GH FRPXQ  úL VDWHOH FRPSRQHQWH RUDúHOH úL VDWHOH
componente);
x GUXPXULYLFLQDOH GHVHUYHVFSURSULHW LILLQGVLWXDWHODOLPLWDDFHVWRUD 
x VWU ]L GUXPXULSXEOLFHGLQLQWHULRUXOORFDOLW LLLQGLIHUHQWGHGHQXPLUHVWUDG EXOHYDUGúRVHD
alee etc.),
x drumuri de exploatare (forestiere, petroliere, agricole, industriale, etc.).

Art.93. /DWUDYHUV ULOH/($SHVWHGUXPXULvQORFXULOHvQFDUHH[LVW SRU LGHJDEDULWSRU L


SXUWkQGLQGLFDWRDUHGHFLUFXOD LHHWFGLVWDQ DPLQLP P VXUDW vQWUHFRQGXFWRUXO/($ODV JHDWD
VDXGHYLD LDPD[LP úLVWUXFWXUDSRU LL Ÿ 0,5 m;

Art.94. 7UDYHUV ULOHúLDSURSLHULOHID GHGUXPXULOHVLWXDWHvQDIDUDORFDOLW LORUVHYRUWUDWD


FRQIRUPWDEHOXOXL6WkOSLLVHYRUDPSODVDvQDIDUD]RQHLGHSURWHF LH a drumului.
6H DGPLWH DPSODVDUHD VWkOSLORU vQ ]RQD GH SURWHF LH QXPDL FX DFRUGXO XQLW LL FDUH
DGPLQLVWUHD] GUXPXOúLOXDUHDP VXULORUVWDELOLWHGHFRPXQDFRUG
8QJKLXOGHWUDYHUVDUHVHVWDELOHúWHGHFRPXQDFRUGFXXQLWDWHDFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] GUXPXO

Art.95. ÌQ LQWHULRUXO ORFDOLW LORU XUEDQH VDX UXUDOH  DPSODVDUHD VWkOSLORU vQ FD]XO
WUDYHUV ULORUVDXDSURSLHULORUVHIDFHSHRO LPHGHPSHWURWXDUODPLQLPXPPGHERUGXU 
(fig.4.a.).

31
PE 106

Tabelul 11.
7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHGUXPXULOHGLQDIDUDORFDOLW LORU

75$9(56 5,
'LVWDQ HOHPLQLPH
SHYHUWLFDO vQWUH SHRUL]RQWDO vQWUH
Categoria drumului 0 VXULOHGHVLJXUDQ conductorul inferior IXQGD LDVWkOSXOXLúL
DO/($úLFDURVDELO DPSUL]
DXWRVWU ]L 1XVHDGPLWWUDYHUV UL
6HYRUH[HFXWDVXEWUDYHUV ULvQFDEOX
GUXPXULQD LRQDOH ³6LJXUDQ DP ULW ´ 7m Stâlpii se vor amplasa în
GUXPXULMXGH HQH ³6LJXUDQ D´ 7m DIDUD]RQHLGHVLJXUDQ 
VWU ]LXUEDQHúL - 6m a drumului
comunale
drumuri de ³6LJXUDQ a” 6m
exploatare
APROPIERI.
6WkOSLLOLQLHLVHYRUDPSODVDvQDIDUD]RQHLGHSURWHF LHDGUXPXOXL ILJE 
6H DGPLWH DPSODVDUHD VWkOSLORU vQ ]RQD GH SURWHF LH FX DFRUGXO XQLW LL FDUH
DGPLQLVWUHD] GUXPXOúLOXDUHDP VXULORUVWDELOLWHGHFRmun acord.

Fig. 4.D 'UXPXULVLWXDWHvQLQWHULRUXOORFDOLW LORU

32
PE 106

Fig. 4.E 'UXPXULVLWXDWHvQDIDUDORFDOLW LORU

;,ÌQFUXFLú UL úLDSURSLHULID GH/($

Art.96. ÌQFUXFLú ULOH úL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH /($ FX WHQVLXQHD SHVWH  V se vor trata
FRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3(³1RUPDWLYSHQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF FX
tensiunea peste 1000 V” .

Art.97. ÌQFUXFLú ULOH úL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH /($ FX WHQVLXQHD VXE  9 VH YRU WUDWD
conform tabelului 12.

Tabelul 12.

ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULvQWUH/($FXWHQVLXQLPDLPLFLVDXHJDOHFXY

Tipul liniei 'LVWDQ DPLQLP 


(m)
/LQLDFDUHWUDYHUVHD] /LQLDWUDYHUVDW Traversare Apropiere
Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare izolate torsadate 0,05
Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare neizolate 0,3
Conductoare neizolate Conductoare izolate torsadate 0,3
Conductoare neizolate Conductoare neizolate 0,5
1RW $FHVWHGLVWDQ HVHYRUUHVSHFWDúLSHQWUXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHPRQWDWHSHDFHODúLVWkOS

33
PE 106

$UW /($ GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH SH VWkOSL FRPXQL FX PHGLH WHQVLXQH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX
UHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORUSUHYHGHUL FRQIRUP3( 
a) /LQLDFXWHQVLXQHPDLPDUHVHYDPRQWDGHDVXSUDOLQLHLFXWHQVLXQHPDLPLF 
b) LEA de medie tHQVLXQHVHYDUHDOL]DFXOHJ WXULGXEOHFXL]RODWRDUHQHVWU SXQJLELOH
c) &RQGXFWRDUHOH OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH VH YRU vQWLQGH SHQWUX vQF UF UL QRUPDWH FX
WUDF LXQHDGHPD[LPXPGLQUH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXL
d) Se va prevede deconectarea autoPDW  OD SXQHUL VLPSOH OD S PkQW D OLQLHL GH PHGLH
tensiune.
e) $UP WXULOHPHWDOLFHDOHWXWXURUVWkOSLORUVHYRUOHJDODFRQGXFWRUXOGHQXO
f) 'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH OD
– 5q FXFKLFLXU úLFRQGXFWRUXOVXSHULRUDOOLQLHLGHMRDV WHQVLXQHOD– 5q I U FKLFLXU YDILGH
PGDF GHVFKLGHUHDvQWUHVWkOSLHVWHPDLPLF VDXHJDO FXPúLGHPGDF GHVFKLGHUHDHVWH
mai mare de 40 m.

;,7UDYHUV UL úLDSURSLHULID GHFRQGXFWH

Art.99. Conductele metalice sau din beton armat pot fi:


x Conducte supraterane;
x Conducte subterane;
&RQGXFWHOHGLQSROLHWLOHQ VXQWQXPDLFRQGXFWHVXEWHUDQH
ÌQIXQF LHGHIOXLGXOWUDQVSRUWDWFRQGXFWHOHSRWIL
x Conducte cu fluide neinflamabile;
x Conducte cu fluide combustibile, inflamabile sau gaze naturale.

Art.100. /D WUDYHUVDUHD úL DSURSLHUHD /($ ID  GH FRQGXFWHOH VXSUDWHUDQH VH YRU UHVSHFWD
prevederile din tabelul 13.a.

Art.101. /D WUDYHUVDUHD úL DSURSLHUHD ID  GH FRQGXFWHOH VXEWHUDQH VH YRU UHVSHFWD
prevederile din tabelul 13.b.

Art.102. $UP WXULOHPHWDOLFHVXSUDWHUDQHDOHFRQGXFWHORU URELQHWHUHIXODWRDUHYDQHúD 


vor fi tratate ca elemente ale conductelor.

34
PE 106

Tabelul 13.a.

7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULGHFRQGXFWHVXSUDWHUDQH

75$9(56 5,
'LVWDQ HOHPLQLPH
0 VXULOHGH SHYHUWLFDO vQWUH SHRUL]RQWDO vQWUH
Tipul conductei VLJXUDQ conductorul inferior IXQGD LDVWkOSXOXLúL
DO/($úLFRQGXFW FRQGXFW
Conductã suprateranã de fluide ³6LJXUDQ D´ 2m Hst
neinflamabile
Conductã Conductã
suprateranã de magistralã 186($'0,775$9(56 5,
fluide de transport
inflamabile Conductã de 7UDYHUV ULOHVHUHDOL]HD] GHFRPXQDFRUGvQWUHXQLW LOHFDUH
sau gaze naturale GLVWULEX LH DGPLQLVWUHD] OLQLDúLFRQGXFWD*)
APROPIERI.
'LVWDQ DPLQLP SH
RUL]RQWDO vQWUHD[XOOLQLHLúL Tipul conductei 0 VXUDGHVLJXUDQ
peretele conductei
Conductã suprateranã de fluide
neinflamabile 1XVHLDXP VXULGHVLJXUDQ
D ! Hst Conductã suprateranã de fluide
inflamabile sau gaze naturale
Conductã suprateranã de fluide 6H  YRU  OXD  P VXUL  GH  VLJXUDQ 
D  Hst neinflamabile VSHFLILFH  OLQLHL  VDX  OD  FRQGXFW 
Conductã suprateranã de fluide stabilite de comun acord între
inflamabile sau gaze naturale XQLW LOH FDUH  DGPLQLVWUHD]  OLQLD úL
conducta.
6HYRUDGRSWDP VXULGHVLJXUDQ VSHFLILFHDWkWODOLQLHFkWúLODFRQGXFW FDGHH[HPSOX
*)

 OLQLDVHYDUHDOL]DFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHúLVHYRUOXDP VXULGHÄVLJXUDQ ´
 conduFWDVHYDOHJDODS PkQW
 vQFD]XULREOLJDWHVHYRUPRQWDGLVSR]LWLYHGHJDUG 

Tabelul 13.b.

7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULGHFRQGXFWHVXEWHUDQH

'LVWDQ HPLQLPHSHRUL]RQWDOã
vQWUHIXQGD LDFHOXLPDLDSURSLDW
Tip conductã stâlp sau orice element al prizei Mãsuri de siguran ã
GHS PkQWúLSHUHWHOHFRQGXFWHL

Conductã subteranã de fluide 2m Nu se iau mãsuri de siguran ã


neinflamabile
Conductã
Conductã subteranã magistralã ÎQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDL Ä6LJXUDQ ´
de fluide de transport înalt stâlp din apropiere
inflamabile sau Conductã de 5 m*) Ä6LJXUDQ ´
gaze naturale GLVWULEX LH

35
PE 106

$FHDVW   GLVWDQ   SRDWH  IL  UHGXV  vQ FD]XULREOLJDWH SkQ  OD  PFX DFRUGXO XQLW LLFDUH DGPLQLVWUHD] 
*)

conducta.

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFRQVWUXF LLvQFDUHVHSUHOXFUHD]  GHSR]LWHD] VXEVWDQ H


combustibile, inflamabile sau cu pericol de incendiu (explozie)

Art.103. $FHVWH FRQVWUXF LL SRW IL GHSR]LWH vQFKLVH sau deschise de produse petroliere,
EXWHOLLGHDUDJD]PDWHULDOOHPQRVPDWHULDOHLQIODPDELOH IXUDMHLQFkQHS úD LQVWDOD LLGHIRUDM–
H[WUDF LHGHSHWUROVDXJD]HQDWXUDOHSDUFXULGHVHSDUDWRDUH L HLUDILQ ULLVWD LL3(&2GHSR]LWHGH
PXQL LLetc.

Art.104. 6HLQWHU]LFHWUDYHUVDUHD/($SHVWHDFHVWHFRQVWUXF LL

Art.105. 6HLQWHU]LFHDSURSLHUHDD[XOXL/($GHRULFHSDUWHDDFHVWRUFRQVWUXF LLODR


GLVWDQ PDLPLF GHRULvQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDLvQDOWVWkOSGLQ]RQ 
&D]XULOHREOLJDWHvQFDUHDFHDVW GLVWDQ QXVHSRDWHUHVSHFWDVHYDWUDWDGHFRPXQ
DFRUGvQWUHXQLW LOHFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] OLQLDúLFRQVWUXF LD

;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHPLMORDFHOHGHWUDQVSRUW pe cablu suspendat

Art.106. 0LMORDFHOHGHWUDQVSRUWSHFDEOXVXVSHQGDWVHvPSDUWvQXUP WRDUHOHFDWHJRULL


- PLMORDFHGHWUDQVSRUWSHUVRDQH WHOHIHULFFDELQ WHOHVFDXQWHOHVFKL 
- mijloace de transport materiale (funicular).

Art.107. Traversarea LEA peste cablurile mijloacelor de transport pe cablu a persoanelor


WHOHIHULFWHOHFDELQ WHOHVFDXQWHOHVFKL HVWHLQWHU]LV 
6XEWUDYHUV ULOHVHYRUUHDOL]DGHFRPXQDFRUGFXRUJDQHOHFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] LQVWDOD LD

Art.108. Traversarea peste cablurile mijloaFHORU GH WUDQVSRUWDW PDWHULDOH HVWH SHUPLV  FX
DFRUGXORUJDQHORUFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] LQVWDOD LD
'LVWDQ DGHDSURSLHUHvQWUHD[XO/($úLRULFHSDUWHDLQVWDOD LHLGHWUDQVSRUWSHFDEOXWUHEXLH
V ILHPDLPDUHGHFkWvQ O LPHGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDLvQDOt stâlp din zona de apropiere.

;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL

Art.109. ÌQFUXFLú ULOH úL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH OLQLLOH GH WHOHFRPXQLFD LL VH UHDOL]HD]  FX
respectarea prevederilor din STAS 6290, SR 831/2002, STAS 1999-89úL3(

;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWUDPYDLúLWUROHLEX]

Art.110. Traversarea liniilor de contact pentru tramvai sau troleibuz se face cu LEA cu
conductoare izolate torsadate, respectându-VHFRQGL LLOHGH³VLJXUDQ P ULW ” .

Art.111. 'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  úL RUL]RQWDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRDUHOH /($ OD V JHDW 
PD[LP úLOLQLDGHFRQWDFWWUHEXLHV ILHFRQIRUP67$6GHP

Art.112. /DPRQWDUHDSHVWkOSLFRPXQLD/($úLLQVWDOD LLORUGHWUDPYDLVDXWUROHLEX]VHYRU


respecta prevederile din SR 831/2002.

36
PE 106

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFXOWXULOHSHVSDOLHUHVDXvQJU GLULOHPHWDOLFH

Art.113. La traversarea LEA peste zone cu culturi pe spaliere (metalice sau din beton armat)
VDX SHVWH vQJU GLUL PHWDOLFH GLVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL OD
V JHDWDPD[LP úLSDUWHDVXSHULRDU DVSDOLHUHORUVDXvQJU GLULLPHWDOLFHWUHEXLHV ILHGHP

;,7UDYHUV ULVDXDSURSLHULID GHFO GLUL

Art.114. 'XS GHVWLQD LHFO GLULOHVHvPpart în:


- FO GLULFLYLOHORFXLQ HPDJD]LQHúFROLVSLWDOHVHGLLDGPLQLVWUDWLYHVDXFXOWXUDOHúD
- FO GLULLQGXVWULDOHIDEULFLDWHOLHUHGHSR]LWHúD

Art.115. ÌQIXQF LHGHSHULFROXOGHLQFHQGLXFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL,'FO GLULOHVHvPSDUW


în cinci categorii.

Art.116. 7UDYHUVDUHD SHVWH FO GLUL HVWH LQWHU]LV  FX H[FHS LD FO GLULORU FLYLOH FDUH SRW
traversate de linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate, respectându-VH GLVWDQ HOH PLQLPH LQGLFDWH LQ
figura 5.

Art.117. $SURSLHUHDID GHFO GLULVHUHDOL]HD] vQIXQF LHGHFDWHJRULDGHSHULFRODFO GLULL


GXS FXPXUPHD] 
a) ID  GH FO GLULOH GH FDWHJRULLOH $ úL % FX SHULFRO GH LQFHQGLX GLVWDQ D PLQLP  GH
DSURSLHUHvQWUHD[XO/($úLSHUHWHOHFO GLULLYDILGHRULvQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXi mai
înalt stâlp din zona de apropiere;
b) ID  GH FO GLULOH GH FDWHJRULLOH & ' ( úL FO GLULOH FLYLOH VH YRU UHVSHFWD GLVWDQ HOH
LQGLFDWH vQ ILJXUD  SHQWUX OLQLLOH FX FRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHúLvQILJSHQWUXOLQLLOHFX
conductoare neizolate.
DiVWDQ DSHRUL]RQWDO vQWUHXQVWkOSDO/($úLRULFHSDUWHDXQHLFO GLULWUHEXLHV ILHGH
minimum 1 m.

Art.118. /LQLLOHFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHSRWPRQWDSHSHUH LLFO GLULORUFLYLOHúL


SHFO GLULOHLQGXVWULDOHGHFDWHJRULLOH&'úL(UHspectându-VHGLVWDQ HOHPLQLPHGHDSURSLHUHOD
GLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHFO GLULLLQGLFDWHvQILJXUD

Art.119. Se interzice montarea fasciculelor de conductoare izolate torsadate pe elemente de


FO GLUH GLQ PDWHULDOH FRPEXVWLELOH 6H DGPLWH PRQWDUHD QXPDL GDF  vQWUH IDVFLFXO úL SHUHWHOH
FRPEXVWLELOVHLQWHUSXQHXQPDWHULDOLQFRPEXVWLELOFDGHH[HPSOXVWUDWGHWHQFXLDO GHFHOSX LQ
FPJURVLPHSO FX HGLQD]EHVWVDXD]ERFLPHQWHWF

Art.120. 'HSR]LWHOH vQFKLVHVDXGHVFKLVH FXVXEVWDQ HFXSHULFROGHLQcendiu sau explozie,


ca de exemplu: rezervoare cu produse petroliere, depozite de produse lemnoase, depozite de furaje
úDLQWU vQFDWHJRULD$VDX%

37
PE 106

1RW 6HLQWHU]LFHPRQWDUHDGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQ]RQDvQQHJULW

Fig. 5. 'LVWDQ HPLQLPHDGPLVLELOHODGLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHXQHLFO GLUL


în cazul liniilor cu conductoare izolate torsadate

38
PE 106

1RW 6HLQWHU]LFHPRQWDUHDGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQ]RQDvQQHJULW

Fig. 6. 'LVWDQ HPLQLPHDGPLVLELOHODGLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHXQHLFO GLUL


în cazul liniilor cu conductoare neizolate .

39
PE 106

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHSRGXULEDUDMHGLJXUL

Art.121. /D WUDYHUVDUHD úL DSURSLHUHD /($ ID  GH SRGXUL SDVDMH GLJXUL EDUDMH VH YRU
respecta urP WRDUHOHGLVWDQ HPLQLPH
- 2,0 m în cazul LEA cu conductoare neizolate;
- 0,3 m în cazul LEA cu conductoare izolate.
'LVWDQ HOH DWkW SH YHUWLFDO  FkW úL SH RUL]RQWDO  VH P VRDU  OD V JHDW  VDX GHYLD LH
PD[LP ODRULFHHOHPHQWDOFRQVWUXF LHL
Se vor respeFWDWRWRGDW GLVWDQ HOHID GHGUXPXULSUHY ]XWHOD;,

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDSH

Art.122. 3ULQ GHQXPLUHD GH DSH VHvQ HOHJ DSHOH FXUJ WRDUHGH VXSUDID  DSHOHVXEWHUDQH
ODFXULOHúLE O LOHQDWXUDOHODFXULOHDUWLILFLDOH

Art.123. 6H LQWHU]LFH WUDYHUVDUHD DSHORU FXUJ WRDUH ODFXULORU VDX FDQDOHORU QDYLJDELOH ÌQ
FD]XULOHREOLJDWH/($VHYRUUHDOL]DFXDFRUGXORUJDQHORUGHJRVSRG ULUHDDSHORUUHVSHFWkQGX-se o
GLVWDQ PLQLP SHYHUWLFDO vQWUHFRQGXFWRUXOFHOPDLGHMRVDO/($ODV JHDW PD[LP úLSRDUWDGH
gabarit a navelor (vârful catargului) de 1m.
&RQVWUXLUHDGH/($SHVWHDSHRULvQ]RQDGHSURWHF LHDDFHVWRUDVHIDFHQXPDLFXDFRUGXO
RUJDQHORUGHJRVSRG ULUHDDSHORU +* 

;,7UDYHUV ULSULQSODQWD LLGHDUERULVDXS GXUL

Art.124. /D WUDYHUVDUHD SODQWD LLORU VDX S GXULORU VH YRU XWLOL]D FRQGXFWRDUHOH L]RODWH
WRUVDGDWHQHILLQGQHFHVDUHFXORDUHGHGHIULúDUH6HYRUOXDP VXULFDIDVFLFXOXOGHFRQGXFWRDUHV 
QXYLQ vQFRQWDFWFXFUHQJLOHDUERULORUSHQWUu a nu se produce deteriorarea lor.
ÌQFD]XOvQFDUHVXQWQHFHVDUHGHIULú ULVHYDOXDOHJ WXUDFXRUJDQHOHVLOYLFH

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDHURSRUWXUL

Art.125. Se interzice traversarea LEA peste aeroporturi. Apropierile se vor realiza cu avizul
organelor specializate.

;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHWHUHQXULOHGHVSRUW

Art.126. 7UDYHUVDUHD /($ SHVWH WHUHQXULOH GH VSRUW HVWH LQWHU]LV  $SURSLHULOH VHYRUWUDWD
de comun acord cu organele specializate.

40
PE 106

ANEXA 1

/(*,'(&5(7(+27 5Æ5,67$1'$5'(1250$7,9(
REFERITOARE LA LINIILE ELECTRICE ÎN VIGOARE LA DATA
(/$%25 5,,1250$7,98/8,

Legea nr. 13 – 74: Legea drumurilor


Legea nr. 37 – 75: /HJHSULYLQGVLVWHPDWL]DUHDSURLHFWDUHDúLUHDOL]DUHD
arterelor deFLUFXOD LHvQORFDOLW LOHXUEDQHúLUXUDOH
Legea nr. 18 – 91: Legea fondului funciar
Legea 137/95 /HJHDSURWHF LHLPHGLXOXL
Legea 107/96 Legea Apelor.
Legea 26/1996 Codul Silvic.
/HJHD3ULYLQGFDOLWDWHDvQFRQVWUXF LL
2UGRQDQ D3/98 2UGRQDQ DSULYLQGHQHUJLDHOHFWULF úLWHUPLF 
2UGRQDQ D 2UGRQDQ DSULYLQGUHJLPXOMXULGLFDOGUXPXULORU
Legea 18/91, Legea fondului funciar.
UHSXEOLFDW vQ

Decretul nr. 237 – 78: Decret pentru stabilirea normelor privind sistematizarea,
DPSODVDUHDFRQVWUXLUHDúLUHSDUDUHDOLQLLORUFDUHWUHF
SULQS GXULúLWHUHQXULDJULFROH
SR 831 : Linii aeriene. Utilizarea în comun a stâlpilor pentru linii
GHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF GHWUDF LXQHúLWHOHFRPXQLFD Li
SR CEI 38+A1/1997: 5H HOHHOHFWULFH7HQVLXQLQRPLQDOHúLDEDWHULDGPLVLELOH
STAS 1999 /LQLLDHULHQHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL&DOFXOXOUH]LVWHQ HL
PHFDQLFHúLGDWHFRQVWUXFWLYH
STAS 2970 6WkOSLSUHIDEULFD LGLQEHWRQDUPDWúLEHWRQSUHFRPSULPDWSHQtru linii
electrice aeriene
SR CEI 61089 Conductoare pentru linii aeriene cu sârme rotunde, cablate în starturi
concentrice.
SR CEI 60104 Sârme de aliaj de aluminiu – magneziu – siliciu pentru conductoarele
liniilor aeriene.
SR CEI 60888 6kUPHGHR HO]LQFDWSHQWUXFRQGXFWRDUHFDEODWH
SR CEI 60889 6kUP GHDOXPLQLXWUDV ODUHFHvQVWDUHGHHFUXLVDUHWDUHSHQWUX
STAS 6290 – 80: ÌQFUXFLú ULvQWUHOLQLLGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF úLOLQLLGH
WHOHFRPXQLFD LL
STAS 7221 – 90: Acoperiri metalice. Acoperiri termice de zinc
STAS 7222 – 90: Acoperiri metalice. Acoperiri electrochimice de zinc
STAS 8074 – 76: ÌQFUXFLú ULvQWUHOLQLLGHFRQWDFWSHQWUXWUDPYDLHúL
troleibuze cu linii electrice aeriene
STAS 10101/20-90: $F LXQLvQFRQVWUXF LL$F LXQHDYkQWXOXL
STAS 12604 3URWHF LDvPSRWULYDHOHFWURFXW ULORU
PE 104 / 1RUPDWLYSHQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGH
HQHUJLHHOHFWULF FXWHQVLXQLSHVWH9

41
PE 106

PE 107 – 95: 1RUPDWLYSHQWUXSURLHFWDUHDúLH[HFX LDUH HOelor de


cabluri electrice
PE 116 – 94: 1RUPDWLYGHvQFHUF ULúLP VXU WRULODHFKLSDPHQWH
úLLQVWDOD LLHOHFWULFH
PE 122 – 82: ,QVWUXF LXQLSULYLQGUHJOHPHQWDUHDFRH[LVWHQ HLOLQLLORU
HOHFWULFHDHULHQHFXVLVWHPHGHvPEXQ W LULIXQFLDUH
ID 17 – 86: 1RUPDWLYSHQWUXSURLHFWDUHDH[HFX LDYHULILFDUHDúL
UHFHS LRQDUHDGHLQVWDOD LLHOHFWULFHvQ]RQHFXSHULFRO
de explozie
I 7 – 2002: 1RUPDWLYSULYLQGSURLHFWDUHDH[HFXWDUHDúLUHFHS LRQDUHDLQVWDOD LLORU
electrice interioare cu tenVLXQLSkQ OD9

NGPM 1RUPHJHQHUDOHGHSURWHF LDPXQFLL


Ordinul MMPS 1RUPHVSHFLILFHGHSURWHF LDPXQFLLSHQWUXWUDQVSRUWXOúLGLVWULEX LD
Nr.734/2000 energiei electrice.

3.2. LI-,,QVWUXF LXQHSULYLQGSURWHF LDDQWLFRURVLY DFRQVWUXF LLORUPHWDOLFHGH


UH HOHHOHFWULFHúLDWHKQRORJLLORUGHSURWHF LHDQWLFRURVLY 

42