You are on page 1of 206

InRoads XM Edition

Working with InRoads

Introducing InRoads 1

Working with InRoads

Introducing InRoads
Welcome to InRoads®! The latest in transportation engineering software by Bentley Systems, InRoads is a one-stop solution for transportation engineers and civilworks professionals. InRoads provides a comprehensive set of tools for transportation system design, civil and site engineering for roadways, highways, waterways, and airports. Developed using the familiar Microsoft Windows®, standards, InRoads runs on the Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, and Windows XP Professional operating systems. InRoads lets you work in a graphic environment to create a 3-D digital surface, create horizontal and vertical alignments, cut profiles, define template criteria and roadway conditions, generate cross-sections and 3-D model, calculate volumes, generate reports, evaluate the design, and create plan and profile sheets. These extensive features, along with additional application add-in tools, make designing a complex highway system or simply laying out a small subdivision an interactive and easy process. With InRoads, you can continue using the computeraided design (CAD) platform with which you are familiar. When starting the product, you can select AutoCAD®, or MicroStation®, as your CAD engine.
2

This multiple CAD environment is a hallmark feature of civil engineering solutions by Bentley Systems.

About This Tutorial
The InRoads XM “Working with InRoads” is a document designed to introduce the user to the various portions of the InRoads product that are used in a ‘typical’ design workflow. This working-with guide will cover the following topics: • • • • • • • • • Getting started in InRoads Setting up preferences Using Digital Terrain Models Creating Horizontal Alignments Creating Profiles Creating Vertical Alignments Generating Plan and Profile Sheets Evaluating the Design Generating Final Plan Sheets

For a complete tutorial focused on using the Roadway Designer commands in InRoads, please refer to the document “InRoadsRoadwayDesignerTutorialV89.pdf” located in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\InRoads Group V8.9\Sample Data directory.

InRoads and the Bentley InRoads Product Suite
InRoads is a member of the Bentley InRoads product suite. In fact, the InRoads product suite includes six civil engineering products:
3

Working with InRoads

InRoads provides complete solutions from field to design to construction for the transportation professional. InRoads Site provides site design and digital terrain modeling, lot layout, and geometry for civil-works, environmental, and site-development projects. Bentley Rail Track Suite provides advanced production tools for track layout and railway design. InRoads Survey helps surveyors transfer electronic field book data into the graphics environment. InRoads Bridge helps bridge design professionals define geometry and model complex, continuousspan bridges or simple span bridges. InRoads Storm and Sanitary offers an integrated package for storm water and sanitary sewer design, combining the power of CAD with proven analytical tools and enhanced interactive graphics. InRoads Suite bundles together all of the features of InRoads, InRoads Site, InRoads Storm and Sanitary, InRoads Survey and InRoads Bridge InRoads Site Suite bundles together off of the features of InRoads Site, InRoads Survey, and InRoads Storm and Sanitary.

InRoads: What’s New?
In this release, InRoads offers several new commands and enhanced features. To view these new features, go to the “C:\Program Files\Bentley\InRoads Group V8.9” directory and view the “new_InRoads_V89.html” document
4

For training facility information or a complete listing of training courses. 5 . Bentley Institute offers unlimited training for a fixed annual fee through the Enterprise Training Subscription program.com/.bentley. the InRoads product suite. You can also schedule a custom class to be held at any Bentley Systems facility that offers a training center.bentley. Standard InRoads product suite courses include: InRoads Basics InRoads Site Basics InRoads Storm & Sanitary Basics InRoads Survey Basics InRoads Bridge Basics InRail Basics Training Subscriptions For an efficient approach to product training. Instructor-Led Courses A full range of educational opportunities to learn the InRoads products is available. visit the Bentley Systems website at http://bentleyinstitute. Select a course through the Bentley Institute to secure a guaranteed a Certified Trainer and approved course materials. For more information. offer various levels and methods of product training. in conjunction with Bentley Institute. Standard courses are offered at various times throughout the year. visit: http://bentleyinstitute.com/subscriptions/.Product Training: Learn It Your Way In addition to the documentation provided with your software.

Virtual Classrooms For lecture-style training. Customized training often meets the needs of those customers whose training requirements exceed our standard offerings. You can use your data and specific workflow . wide. Workshops Bentley Institute also offers targeted workshop training. and provide an efficient way to get specific production questions answered. Technical workshops include hands-on exercises that allow these professional to put these production concepts into practice.utilizing our industry experts to help meet production and design deliverables. These courses are offered at no charge for a limited time. This program allows subscribers to utilize self-study courseware to learn how to use Bentley products at their own pace. For managers in the production environment. these workshops demonstrate process-oriented workflows to improve productivity. select a course offered as a virtual classroom over the world. 6 . You determine the content of the course based on your requirements. On-site Training On-site training can consist of the standard course offerings on InRoads products or customized training.Working with InRoads Self-Paced Learning A noted benefit of the Enterprise Training Subscription program is the self-paced learning option. web.

If they are joined by a plus sign. press them in sequence. For example: Click File > Open to load a file. Bold Unserifed Type An item in the graphical interface. such as the title of a dialog box or a tool. directory and file names. the first occurrence of a new or special term. For example: ALT. A document or section title. press them at the same time. For example: The civil.F5. For example: CTRL+z. Italic type 7 . or information about what the software is doing. Courier Type Information you type.ini file contains preference settings. For example: Type breaklines.Typeface Conventions Used in InRoads Documentation ALL CAPS Keyboard keys If keys are separated by a comma. Paths through menus use right angle brackets between items you click.dat in the dialog box field.

The documentation and tutorial in InRoads assume that you have: A basic understanding of the computer operating system The ability to move around in the Windows environment Working understanding of your CAD system General knowledge of engineering concepts and terms 8 . it is also an intuitive product in which a new user could become productive in a short time with some assistance.Working with InRoads What You Need to Know Before Working with InRoads While InRoads is a comprehensive design package.

2005 or 2006. See the CAD Package Requirements section that matches your operating system for a list of software tools. CAD Package Requirements CAD software (one of the following): AutoCAD versions 2004/2005/2006 or MicroStation V8 2004 Edition/XM Edition. You must also have installed CAD software on your machine. 128MB RAM or more recommended.and it will run on MicroStation V8 2004 Edition or MicroStation V8 XM Edition. InRoads will run on AutoCAD 2004. or Windows XP Professional operating system. Pentium or AMD Athlon. The following instructions assume that you have already installed one of these operating systems on your machine. 9 . 333 Mhz or more recommended. In Windows 2000 and Windows XP This section details what you need to efficiently run InRoads.Getting Started InRoads can be installed on Intel-based hardware using the Windows 2000 Professional.

where d: is the letter assigned to your CD-ROM drive.Working with InRoads 80MB hard disk space minimum. Insert the CD in your CD-ROM drive.html from the InRoads Explorer or File Manager. 200MB or more recommended. type d:\install.html. In the Run dialog box.exe. Internet Explorer 5 or better. the setup program automatically starts when the CD is loaded. 128-bit (for digital rights). Cipher Strength. 3. Access to a CD-ROM drive or Internet. Downloading Across the Network If you are downloading InRoads across a local area network. navigate to the product directory and run Setup. follow the steps below.0 is required to view XML Reports. mount the shared network CD drive and double-click on install. 2. 1. Or. Licensing 10 . If Autoplay is not enabled on your system. From the Start menu. 4. click Run. make sure you have exited all other civil engineering software. Mouse or compatible digitizer for input. VGA or better. In Windows 2000. Compatible plotter or printer for output (optional). Click OK and follow the instructions on the screen. Downloading from the CD Prior to installing InRoads. Internet Explorer 6.

9 folder location.A valid license file named “bentleycivil. AutoCAD automatically opens with a default drawing file at startup. selected your CAD platform. Navigate to a design file or demonstration directory and select a file or create a new one. To exit InRoads and the CAD software. MicroStation users must first select a design file. If you exit the CAD software prior to exiting InRoads. Exiting InRoads To exit InRoads and leave the CAD software running.lic” must be placed in the Licensing directory located in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\InRoads Group V8. Starting InRoads Once you have successfully downloaded the software. select File > Exit from the InRoads menu. click Start > Programs > Bentley > InRoads Group XM > InRoads. 1. you are ready to start the product. select File > Exit from the CAD main menu. The InRoads menu is displayed. the product will also 11 . From the Start menu. 2. and opened a drawing/design file. You have successfully installed InRoads.

12 . You are prompted to save any open files.Working with InRoads exit.

In addition. calculate end13 . and surface point data. compute triangle volumes. cut/fill conditions and roadway definitions. 2. InRoads provides the tools you need to create highways. The advanced programming tools offer ways to customize your work environment to accomplish unique tasks or meet customer deliverables. several add-in applications are available to assist you in completing specific civil engineering production tasks. create new horizontal and vertical alignments. roads. and other construction and transportation engineering projects. slope vectors and other terrain data. You can also compute volumes. you can do the following: 1. Through an iterative process.Using InRoads An Overview From project definition to plan and profile sheet creation. Starting with geometric. Generate crosssections. topographic features. and property boundaries. Display and analyze surface contours. alignment. Generate a 3-D model of the design. generate preliminary plan sheets. Graphically represent the base map ground surface. check the design and generate reports. Review existing or legacy plans to identify new controls. 3. specify roadway template criteria.

Working with InRoads area volumes. Others are simply ways of thinking about features. Some of these concepts are tools that provide more flexibility in the way you work. Generate final reports for production requirements or customer deliverables. and redesign as needed to meet specifications. preferences and symbology: how they interact with each other and how they function within the DTM. The next several topics discuss basic concepts in InRoads. 14 .z numerical coordinates. Prepare and plot plan and profile drawings. Basic Concepts in InRoads There are a few concepts to review prior to using InRoads.y. This data. such as customized toolbars. The results of your project can be stored for future use and integrated with other Bentley Systems civil engineering and GIS industry solutions. in x. Digital Terrain Model A computerized model of a 3-D ground surface is a visual representation of triangle and point data. defines the Digital Terrain Model (DTM). make modifications. also commonly referred to as a surface. 4.

Profile. make design modifications all in the design surface. is a top-level aerial view of the entire surface. The DTM requires fewer interactions with graphical menus and dialog boxes while expanding the function and definition of the traditional design feature. • 3-D planimetric view. This functionality allows you to place features. volumes and other design analysis and computations are performed on the data in the DTM. cross-sections. surface representation and features can be displayed in three different views or modes: 3-D Planimetric. and Cross Section.In InRoads. view surface properties. commonly referred to as plan. Feature data resides in the DTM and profiles. 15 . Types of DTM Display In the InRoads project. execute commands. the DTM remains an integral and important part of your project.

and so on) in the digital terrain model. each section shows surface configurations 16 . Displayed in individual graphic windows. A legend. • Cross Section is a portion of the roadway model at a specified location. correlating surface line symbology. breakline. contour. can also be displayed. surface name and the scale used on the profile.Working with InRoads This view allows you to see any of the point types (random. • Profile is an extracted side view of the vertical elevation of a surface along an entire active horizontal alignment (or just a portion of it).

color and so on) can be defined for any surface object or feature. weight. and design your project from various important perspectives. including predefined symbology. These settings. such as the horizontal alignment (often the centerline of the roadway).perpendicular or at a skew angle to a linear feature. Cross sections differ from profiles in that they show detailed sections of the surfaces. and is 17 . symbology can be set in two ways: named symbology using the Named Symbology Manager and basic command-level symbology. are stored in the civil. along with many other preference settings. In InRoads. Named Symbology with Symbology Manager The Tools > Named Symbology Manager allows you to define and name symbology settings for surface objects and features. Symbology Symbology (line style.ini preference file. from one station to the next transverse to an alignment. these display modes allow you to view. evaluate. profiles show surface elevations longitudinally along an entire alignment. Uniquely specifying symbology for objects or features allows for quick identification within the model as well as uniformity across the project. This customizable file contains basic default settings. Objects in the DTM can be represented in one view or all of these views. Together.

you can define additional symbology. New symbology is first given a name. By clicking New.Working with InRoads delivered when you install InRoads. These predefined symbology settings are displayed when you access Named Symbology Manager. Providing a name allows you to associate the symbology with a feature or object and later reference the symbology by this name. 18 .

you can set symbology for lines. text. point or text) or for more than one view (plan. Once you have defined symbology for more than one representation (line. profile or cross section). and points in one or all three of the views. you actually have a 19 .By double-clicking on an item or selecting the item and clicking the Edit button.

Working with InRoads set of symbology. In the Named Symbology Manager. Default symbology applies when specific symbology for Plan. the system settings delivered with InRoads will apply. Defined symbology is considered initialized after you click OK. you create named symbology sets. 20 . Profile or Cross Section is not defined. If default symbology is not defined.

Surface > View Surface. or text. pole. A feature. Once you have selected symbology for a specific command. The following are examples of common road design features: • • • • • A single random point A single interior boundary A flowline A single curb line A single utility (pipe. Features in the DTM In InRoads. features are key to the design process. is a unique instance of an item or 3-D entity that is represented in the DTM by lines. you are not required to do so. manhole) 21 . A line is actually a linear segment. Annotation is considered text. points. You may continue to select local symbology at anytime during the project by double-clicking the objects in the symbology list. For example.Named symbology can only be created and modified using the Named Symbology Manager command. Points can be represented as symbols or cells. the settings can be saved to a preferences file for future use. Command-level Symbology While InRoads provides the opportunity to name symbology.

features can be created or imported into the DTM with a level of “intelligence”. that is. indicate the point type. select a feature style. for features such as random points. they know what they are and how they are to display. 22 . and specify whether or not it is to be triangulated.Working with InRoads • A collection of utilities (poles. you can store more than one random point feature type in a DTM. such as manholes. In InRoads. you can indicate what a feature is before it becomes a part of the active surface. Intelligent Features Whether you begin your design by using Surface > Design Surface > Place Feature or File > Import > Surface. Further. You can provide a feature name and description. manholes) A feature then is any single component that is part of the DTM. This flexibility allows you to control the display of the random points in the surface separately from other features.

All of this information is associated with the feature and available for quick reference once it becomes a part of the surface. The key to working with features in the surface is determining how the features will display. How a feature is represented and where it displays can be specified by a style. Feature styles are created and organized by the Style Manager.

Feature Styles with Style Manager
A style uniquely defines how a feature is represented and determines the symbology for its display. Once defined, the style is one-to-many; meaning any one style can be used to display many features. For example, a feature style for centerline could be used for both the roadway centerline as well as for any other secondary road centerline. When you select Tools > Style Manager, any predefined styles currently in the XIN preference file are displayed.

23

Working with InRoads

Click New to create additional styles.

A feature style controls how and where Surface Features, Geometry Features, and Survey Features are displayed throughout the various InRoads products and
24

commands. The syle includes a unique name, description (optional) and named symbology for each data type. You can choose a named symbology that was predefined for this feature style; modify an existing named symbology and rename it; or create a new one.

When creating a new style, you first must specify what type of InRoads data that style will be used for (surface features, geometry elements, or survey features). When you look specifically at the surface feature settings, you will define how the feature is to be represented in the graphic view (as a line segment, point, annotation or attached tag). For example, to see the features using this style displayed in cross section, turn on Points in the Cross Section Display section.

25

Working with InRoads

Newly created feature styles are listed in the Style Manager and stored in the XIN file.

26

Styles can be created or modified from any of the Style buttons that appear on most Surface > Design Surface commands.

View Surface Features
Features that are a part of the active surface can be displayed for review. To see the features, use the Surface > View Surface > Features command.

27

Working with InRoads

After choosing a surface, you can select individual features from the list, select all of the features or click Filter to build a feature selection set to view.

Viewing Surface Features using the Feature Selection Filter

28

The Filter option on the View Feature dialog box is a shortcut to the Surface > Feature > Feature Selection Filter command. This command allows you to quickly specify a feature selection set.

29

Working with InRoads By clicking Save As. 30 . the filtered selection-set can be saved and associated with a name for future reference.

Turn on this lock by clicking Tools > Locks > Feature Filter Lock. 31 . make sure the Feature Filter Lock is on. If the filter lock is not on.Note: Before OK is applied. filters are not applied.

you can display and modify feature properties. 32 . modify the description or style. You can take action against all features in the surface. selected features are listed in the View Features dialog box. or against selected features. When you click Apply. Use this command to change the feature name. and set the criteria for triangulation. against a filtered feature-selection set.Working with InRoads When you click OK. these features are displayed. Feature Properties The Surface > Feature > Feature Properties command allows you to edit feature properties. Once features are in the surface.

Annotating Features The Surface > View Surface > Annotate Feature command allows you to annotate features within the DTM.Once features are defined or modified and displayed. 33 . you can annotate them within the design file.

Working with InRoads Click Apply to display the annotation. 34 .

preferences are now a flexible system that could be considered as a single group of information that is simply defined in four different ways: Preferences Basic Preferences Preference Manager Surface Preferences Preferred Preferences Basic Preferences Basic preferences are settings that are defined at the command level. In InRoads.Preferences Preferences allow you to define everything from general operating parameters (like units of measure. 35 . and symbology) to specific instructions as to which settings apply to a particular design surface. decimal places to display. stationing format. These values are set on the individual command dialog box located on most InRoads menus.

Preferences are stored in the XIN file. decimal places. and so on. you can load the saved file from the Preferences dialog box. local symbology. When you want these configured settings for a particular design session. all available preference files currently in the XIN are listed here: 36 .Working with InRoads Basic preferences govern general operating parameters such as units of measure. At start up. stationing format. Settings that have been selected across the various tab options can all be saved to a preference set.

using the Tools > Preference Manager command. Preference Manager now acts as the global editor that allows you to specify preferences across InRoads. as previously mentioned: Or.You can create or modify basic preferences at any time from the Preferences dialog box. Preference Manager You could set basic preferences for every command under each InRoads menu. 37 . you could globally set all of these values (in addition to other detailed settings required by some commands) in one place at one time.

begin by entering a Preference name. 38 . Here. or you could select an existing preference set from the list (any setting change will modify the set).Working with InRoads In Preference Manager. you could type a unique name for a new preference set.

you can modify the settings here and associate them with the new preference set. it is indicated whether or not a preference object has already been defined for this preference set (either at the command dialog box or in Named Symbology Manager). This is helpful if you want to standardize preferences across a design session or meet a specialized customer deliverable. Individually set each value for an object: 39 . preferences for the object have already been defined.Notice that in the Status field. double-click on an object. however. To set preferences. If initialized is displayed.

40 . the values previously defined in Symbology Manager populate the dialog box: You must individually save each object preference. you can select a named symbology.Working with InRoads Or. If you choose a named symbology.

click Close to dismiss Preference Manager: Named preferences are saved and stored in the civil.ini file. If Style Lock is not on. When a preference is associated with a surface. Note The Tools > Locks > Style command must be on. 41 . Surface Preference A surface preference is a named preference that you want to associate with a surface. the basic preferences from the command dialog box will apply. all of the settings and display characteristics that were previously defined will be active for the surface.When you have selected and saved all of the preferences.

42 .Working with InRoads A surface preference can be specified when creating a surface with the File > New > Surface command. In addition. you can change surface preferences at any time during a design session using the Surface > Surface Properties command.

select Settings. Preferred Preference The preferred preference is the default global preference set. use the Surface > Update 3-D/Plan Surface Display command to refresh the graphic display with the new preferences. access the Tools > Options > General tab. the preferred preference is the system Default (these are selected settings delivered with InRoads). At start up. you choose a different surface preference. during a design session. If you have created a named preference set and desire to have it as the default. 43 . For Category.If.

all of the InRoads commands that are affected by the preference change are updated to reflect the new preference settings. the system defaults continue to apply for that dialog box.Working with InRoads When specifying a preferred preference. 44 . if the Refresh Command Settings on Preference Change toggle is on. If a command dialog box does not have a named preference corresponding to the preferred preference.

45 .Click Apply to activate the preferred preference.

When a selection set is created using the Feature Selection Filter command. For quick access to the lock commands. select Tools > Locks > Toolbar: Feature Filter Lock The Feature Filter lock works in conjunction with the Surface > Feature > Feature Selection Filter command to automatically make available a filtered featureselection set. and Style Manager to streamline your required interaction with the software. Preference Manager.Working with InRoads Locks In InRoads. there are several lock features that work together with the Named Symbology Manager. 46 . it is given a name for future use.

ini file. these selection sets are now exclusively available for display without any further interaction with the Feature Selection Filter command dialog box. 47 . the name assigned to the set is listed in the Feature Filter List located on the Locks toolbar. When the Feature Filter toggle is turned on.Not only is the feature-selection set saved to the civil.

Or.Working with InRoads Subsequently. Style Lock The Style lock works together with Preferences. Click Apply to display the features in the surface. defined feature selection sets are not available or applied. when the Surface > View Surface > Features command is selected. you could use the Locate button to identify features (of the filtered type) by datapoint in the surface. Preference Manager and Feature Style Manager to automatically display global preference settings and 48 . only those feature types specified in the selection set are available for display. Note: When the Feature Filter lock is off.

and are listed in Feature Style Manager. 49 . Feature styles are created and named using the Tools > Style Manager > New command.defined features styles. preference settings are defined at the local command dialog box or globally in the Preference Manager. As previously detailed.

Pencil/Pen Mode The Pencil/Pen modes allow you to write to the design/drawing file in either temporary or permanent form. In contrast. writing in ink (pen) is a more permanent form that must be deleted to be removed. When Style lock is off. This command allows you to reduce required interaction with InRoads commands. the graphic is displayed and written to the CAD design/drawing file. For example. data preferences are active and displayed. without any further interaction with command dialog boxes. in InRoads graphics written in pencil are not retained between iterations of display. each time a command is selected a dialog box is presented allowing you to define display preference and style. When writing in pencil. you can quickly erase a drawing to remove it. and graphics written in ink are retained each time the object is displayed.Working with InRoads Once preferences and feature styles have been defined. you can turn on the Style lock toggle to have these settings automatically display during the design session. if you turn on Pencil mode and select the InRoads Surface > View Surface > Perimeter command. This idea is similar to drawing on a sheet of paper with pen or pencil. When the Style lock is on and a command is selected. no dialog box is presented. Similarly. 50 .

select Surface > View Surface > Perimeter to display it again. 51 .Then. using a CAD manipulation command. The previous graphic is “erased” and only the most recent graphic appears. such as Move you relocate the graphic. The Pencil/Pen mode that is active when the graphic is initially displayed determines whether or not it is erased when it is redisplayed. Note Graphics written in Pencil mode are retained only until the next time the same graphic is selected for display. Next.

the second appears because it is the most recent. To override this action. For Category. will be retained until you manually delete them. Both graphics appear. 52 . select Surface > View Surface > Perimeter again. Note In contrast. The first is retained because it was written in ink. select Settings and turn on the Omit Automatic Graphics Refresh toggle. using the CAD Move command. there may be an occasion where you do not want pencil graphics to automatically be erased.Working with InRoads During a design session in Pencil mode. Next. the graphic is displayed and written to the design/drawing file. Then. All graphics. you relocate the graphic. select the Tools > Options > General tab. if in Pen mode you select Surface > View Perimeter. written in pencil or ink.

if you have three iterations of a graphic that was written in ink. Delete Ink Lock The Delete Ink lock is available when Write lock is on. 53 . Turn on this toggle to quickly remove all graphics that were previously written in ink.All graphics written in Pen mode are retained until they are deleted. Graphics can be manually removed using the CAD Delete command or by activating the InRoads Delete Ink lock. For example. all three graphics appear in the design/drawing file.

54 . if you turn on the Delete Ink lock and select the command again. will be retained until you manually delete them. For Category. All of the previously displayed graphics are deleted. select Settings and turn on the Omit Automatic Graphics Refresh toggle. All graphics.Working with InRoads Then. written in pencil or ink. select the Tools > Options > General tab. To override the Delete Ink lock. only the current graphic is displayed.

edit and manipulate objects in two different environments: the CAD design/drawing file and the DTM model surface. you create. The Locate Graphics/Locate Features mode lets you quickly specify the environment from which to select objects.Locate Graphics/Features During an InRoads design session. For example. you are prompted to identify an element within the CAD design/drawing file. 55 . Objects located in the CAD design/drawing file are referred to as graphics. Objects located in the DTM model (design surface) are referred to as features. if you toggle to Locate Graphics and select the Surface > Design Surface > Set Elevation command for a Single graphic element.

The dialog box options dynamically change.alg) is another way to manipulate objects during a design session. Identify and locate individual features or select all available features in the surface. the geometry data in the alignment is not accessible from the Locate Graphics/Locate Features command. You can now identify features in the surface. While an alignment (*. Note 56 .Working with InRoads While remaining in the same command dialog box. you can toggle the mode to Locate Features.

length. For example. 2+39) and you are generating cross sections. This mode is helpful when using the direction. InRoads snaps to the element nearest the data point you place in the design file snap. InRoads applies a given command action to the first station. toggle this lock on and place a data point in the design file. This mode disables both point and element Element Snap. 3+00. 2+50. onto any geometry element (any object that would require multiple data points to define) in the geometry project. This mode is helpful when placing geometry elements. if you want to input point data into a dialog box. When this lock is on. When this lock is turned on. if the first station 2+39 and the station interval is defined as 50. and then forces all subsequent actions to even-numbered stations. This lock allows you to snap or lock Point Snap. InRoads will find the closest point and display the point data in the dialog box.Point/Element/No Snap Lock This lock is a three-way toggle that allows you to specify the snap mode when working with feature and geometry data. executing the roadway modeler. distance. and/or angle of an existing geometry element to design a new element. When the Station lock is turned off and the first 57 . • point contained in the geometry project. No Snap. For example. InRoads performs the command action at stations 2+39. or generating station type reports. and so on. radius. This lock allows you to snap onto any • • Station Lock This on/off lock is applicable only when the first station specified on the horizontal alignment is an oddnumbered station (for example.

the command processes and stores results without displaying them in an output dialog box. 3+39) and so on. 2+89. 58 .Working with InRoads station is odd-numbered. If this lock is off. 2+39. Report Lock This on/off lock is used by several commands to control whether or not the output displays in a dialog box as the command calculations are performed. InRoads applies the command action to odd-numbered stations only (for example.

and so forth.General InRoads Review While InRoads includes expanded functionality in several areas. The horizontal and vertical geometry of an alignment is designed separately. Its ability to maintain double-precision numbers is not dependent upon the CAD platform. It accommodates the intelligence needed to perform sophisticated 3-D design operations such as earthwork analysis. with the vertical being a child of the horizontal. access ramps. InRoads automates the creation of horizontal and vertical geometry. Comprehensive Data Structure The data structure for InRoads remains much more comprehensive than those of the CAD platforms on which it runs. InRoads tools accommodate doubleprecision input. You can define curve and tangents. There are no restrictions on how many vertical alignments you can attach to a horizontal alignment. Alignments are designed using the geometry component of InRoads. Horizontal and Vertical Alignments Alignments continue to represent longitudinal features. and superelevation. you can use a backdrop of graphics such as a DTM. As you place or locate design elements or coordinate geometry points. such as centerlines. In the initial design phase. lanes. and ditch grade lines. which has an array of features for locating points and designing the curvilinear geometry through them. in any order. aerial photo. profile generation. Even graphical selection tools automatically snap to points and elements in your geometry project with double-precision accuracy. with or without 59 . many of the software’s standard features remain. MicroStation graphics.

Contrasted with alignments. they define the surface of a corridor. These tools allow you to do the following: • • Display triangles and slope vectors and view them from any angle. you can do so as you define the circular curves. Evaluation InRoads continues to provide tools to make preliminary evaluation of your model quick and simple. Produce contours. and if you need to add spirals. you can begin to refine the alignment. cross sections. When typical sections are paired with horizontal and vertical alignments and superelevation. Templates can consist of any combination of backbone components and possible end condition solutions for your road design.Working with InRoads automatic spiral placement. 60 . templates represent transverse geometry. Templates Templates (or typical sections) remain one of the most powerful features of InRoads’ corridor design capabilities. maintaining coincidence and colinearity between all the elements where appropriate. and profiles to compare original surfaces with design surfaces. You can dynamically manipulate elements or use precision key-ins. Templates can be fixed or controlled by horizontal and/or vertical geometry. The software provides immediate visual feedback and automatically adjusts the geometry throughout the alignment. Typical sections are flexible design components--as easily applied to ditches and sidewalks as to multilane highways with superelevated curves and variable side slopes. When the rough geometry is complete. which represent longitudinal geometry.

The model features can then be displayed in the CAD design/drawing file. The designer places the templates from the Template Editor at the specified location and manages the transitions between them. InRoads provides Express Modeler. The end result of this is a DTM containing roadway components for the proposed corridor surface. You only need to provide an existing surface. More specifically. If you wish.• • Compute volumes using the triangle. Superelevation Superelevation relates to the banking applied to offset the lateral acceleration that vehicles experience when going around curves. which produces a model quickly. as well as checks right-of-way limits. it applies superelevation and adjusts the templates to the longitudinal features as necessary. you can also provide a vertical alignment. including the five AASHTO methods and numerous international methods. providing a full 3-D model of the proposed roadway. with parametric control over transition lengths and methods of transition. grid. For simple projects. and a single template. Plus. a horizontal alignment. it is the transverse slope between the inner and outer edges of a banked curve. InRoads gives you control over how superelevation is achieved longitudinally along an alignment. This DTM is comprised of 3D linear features xyz random points and components. 61 . InRoads continues to accommodate all commonly used methods of calculating superelevation rates. The Roadway Designer Roadway Designer pulls together all of your design data to create the corridor model. Produce Mass-Haul diagrams. In addition. or endarea method. with only minimal information.

such as plan/profile. cross sections. You can save your activities as report files or append them to other report files.Working with InRoads but InRoads will use elevations derived from a horizontal alignment if no vertical alignment is provided. Drawing Production Plan and profile drawings can now be easily generated from InRoads graphics. Visualization Designs produced with InRoads can be used with visualization software to create photo-realistic images. and earthwork data. Bentley Systems also complements InRoads with a range of applications for editing and manipulating images to create photomontages or video presentations. and detail sheets. they are invaluable for project documentation. which help your project team or client better visualize the design. InRoads also allows you to track your design activities. You can produce reports on any data that you have created or manipulated in the course of a project. Such reports might include listings of coordinate geometry points. These capabilities help you prepare presentations for non-technical audiences. alignment clearances. 62 . Reports Reporting in InRoads is flexible and comprehensive. You can create construction documents.

a subgroup of items displays just like a directory tree. From the InRoads Explorer. It works like the Explorer in the Microsoft Windows environment. you can “tear away” the left-pane Explorer tree.Getting Around in InRoads Using the Interface InRoads utilizes the Windows Explorer environment for file management. The InRoads Explorer provides a quick view of files that have been loaded and are available in a working session. By either clicking the plus sign (+) in the square next to an item or doubleclicking on the name. now referred to as the Workspace Bar: 63 .

Second.Working with InRoads There are several unique advantages of the Workspace Bar. click and drag the box to the desired location: 64 . First. Each tab corresponds to a particular view of the overall Explorer hierarchy. by clicking a tab. such as the Surfaces. you’ll see all (and only) the surface objects in the project. major objects are represented by tabs at the bottom of the view. Workspace Bar’s can be docked anywhere on the screen for easy access: To return the Workspace Bar back to the Explorer.

The status of the data is displayed in the bottom portion of The Explorer window. For example. a pop-up menu appears with additional options for surfaces. you can drag and drop your InRoads data directly from the Windows Explorer. In the Explorer. if you select (highlight) a surface and right-mouse click. 65 . you can access additional options that are available for an entity.Once you are in The Explorer.

Review file revision data.Working with InRoads The additional options that are available depend on the entity that you select. Click File > Open then. not just the first hundred. using the default text editor. • • Cut and paste between fields. you can also access to the following shortcuts: • • • • • • Press the Insert key to activate the New dialog box. In the Explorer. Click an item to rename it. right-mouse click to edit ASCII files. Drag-and-drop features between surfaces. to open and InRoads project file: 66 . Hold down the Shift key to display all the points in a feature. For example. Press the Delete key to delete the current item.

Review the right-mouse click menu for additional file and mailing options.

67

Working with InRoads

The Explorer can be moved to a convenient location on the screen and make several common tasks faster and easier.

Accepting/Rejecting Solutions
If MicroStation is your CAD platform and you are using the default mouse configuration, you accept an InRoads solution by clicking the left mouse button. You reject an InRoads solution by clicking the right mouse button. If AutoCAD or is your CAD platform, you accept an InRoads solution by clicking the right mouse button, by typing accept or a, or by pressing Enter. You reject an InRoads solution by typing reject or r. On both CAD platforms, you exit an InRoads command by pressing Esc.

Using Access Control
Access control allows you to share files among multiple users while controlling read-write access to the data.
68

Using access control, you can essentially “lock” your data so that another user cannot overwrite it while you are working on it. The other user can open the data (read-only access) but cannot make changes to it while you have it opened with read-write access. Likewise, if another user has some data opened with read-write access, your only option is to open the data with readonly access. Access control works with individual horizontal alignments, the cogo buffer, and preference files. However, with preference files, you lock the entire file−not individual preferences. When you have readwrite access to a horizontal alignment, you also have read-write access to all data associated with the horizontal alignment: vertical alignments, superelevations, vertical event buffers, and horizontal event buffers. To set the access status, right-mouse click the horizontal alignment, cogo buffer, or preference file in the Explorer. When the menu appears, select either Read-Write or Read-Only. The status is reflected in the Explorer. For more information about access control, see the InRoads Suite Help.

69

Working with InRoads

Menus
The Explorer contains menus that are the primary source of interaction with InRoads.

70

A small right arrow by a command indicates an additional menu with commands. They help you navigate to groups of commands used for a specific task. Menus and Application Add-Ins InRoads is delivered with several additional software modules that allow you to complete specialized or advanced tasks.The menu titles are intuitive to a function of the design process. including data translation. To access these features. 71 . select Tools > Application Add Ins.

when you select add-in applications.Working with InRoads By default. menus are dynamically updated and the commands are listed on the appropriate menu. these additional commands do not appear on InRoads menus because they are “turned off”. However. For example. the command is dynamically added to the menu: 72 . If you select it to turn it on and click Apply. by default the Geometry menu does not include the Horizontal and Vertical Element Add-In.

Add-in applications can be turned on and off at anytime during a design session. First. This command allows you to group specific commands together on a menu. 73 . select the menu on which to place the commands. Customize Menus You can also create customized InRoads menus using the Tools > Customize >Command tab.

74 . The command is added to the menu. There are toolbars for specific groups of menu commands. you can select predefined toolbars to display that provide quick access to frequently used commands. such as View Surface. Customize Toolbars With the Tools > Customize > Toolbars command.Working with InRoads Then. drop and drag the selected command onto the menu.

Select Tools > Customize > Toolbars > New.Contours Elevations Two Point Slope Gridded Model Update Surface Display Features Single Point Elevation Inferred Breaklines Color-Coded Elevations Perimeter Crossing Segments Fit Surface Label Contours Triangles Slope Vectors Color-Coded Aspects Color-Coded Slopes Annotate Features Single Slope Vector Profiled Model Notice that the Fit Surface command is on the toolbar but not on this particular pull-menu. you can quickly fit the surface in the view. The commands on the workflow toolbars may not appear together on any one menu or all of the available commands may not appear. 75 . you can create customized toolbars for unique workflows. Note There are also predefined toolbars for common design workflows. The command is added here for convenience: once you display various representations of the surface. but several are grouped together on the toolbar for a specific function. If a predefined toolbar does not meet your design needs.

Working with InRoads Click the Commands tab. you can step through the design process from surface creation to plan and profile sheet generation using a single toolbar. With customized toolbars. To dock a toolbar. Select commands from the list to drag and drop onto the toolbar. Once toolbars are displayed. click and hold on the toolbar. 76 . drag it to the Explorer and release it. they can be moved to a convenient location on the screen or they can be “docked” onto the Explorer.

You can create new shortcut keys or modify existing ones. click on it and drag it away from the Explorer and click the X button. 77 . click Tools > Customize > Toolbars > Reset All.Docked toolbars remain in the Explorer until you delete them. to remove all customized toolbars and menus. Or. To remove a docked toolbar. Shortcut Keys to InRoads Commands Use the Tools > Customize > Keyboard tab to create new keystrokes to activate InRoads commands.

you can click New to create a macro to run Notepad®. in a specific directory. Click Browse to locate the Notepad executable. 78 . Now. the new macro appears in the Commands list.Working with InRoads Customize Macros The Text > Customize > Macros command provides access to external software programs that can be run within InRoads. a Microsoft text editor. This automatically populates the command field. Then. For example. You can then drag and drop the new macro onto a toolbar or menu. specify the Argument (file on which to run the editor) and the initial directory (where the file is located). Click Close.

See the Bentley Civil Help for more information on customizing InRoads with APIs. Exporting Custom Settings 79 . APIs give you direct access to the InRoads alignment and surface data. double-click the icon to start the command. Select an icon to represent the macro.The Button Appearance dialog box appears. Now. You can also use the Tools > Customize > Macros command to run advanced software programs created using the InRoads Application Programming Interface (APIs). The icon appears on the toolbar.

select Tools > Customize > Export. • • Full Export – Use this option to save all custom settings. To access these settings. You may also specify shortkeys. Partial Export – Turn on this option to individually Importing Custom Settings Previously defined settings can be imported for a current design session.Working with InRoads Once custom menus. To access this command. macros or both. toolbars and command-shortcut keys have been created. choose which toolbars to save. select Tools > Customize > Import. you can save all of the settings to a file for use in future design sessions. 80 .

Click Browse to locate the settings file. Using the Online Help System To display Help when InRoads is active. click Help > Contents from the main menu. 81 .

82 . the list dynamically updates as the sorting feature narrows the search. InRoads allows you to design while integrated with other Bentley Civil applications. a detailed description of the dialog box options. This information is available through the InRoads Suite Help system. Note Click the Contents tab to display the Contents page for InRoads Help. After reviewing a topic. or click the Display button. you can access the online Help topics for these applications in addition to InRoads Help. If Help was not installed on your hard drive during setup. and a step-by-step workflow that shows how to use the command. you can close it or print it. This page is similar to a book index with items listed in alphabetical order. or word for which to search. you must have the InRoads CD in the CDROM drive or be connected to the network node containing the Help files. Double-click the topic when it appears in the list. Double-click a file to display it. In this environment. As you type a word.Working with InRoads Bentley InRoads Suite Help Topics InRoads is delivered with comprehensive online reference information for each command. The Help topics include a brief overview of the command. This page is similar to a table of contents in that it lists everything that is available in the Help files. Click the Index tab to enter a command name. phrase.

Double-click a located word or click the Display button to display the search results. 83 . You can also click the Help button on each dialog box.Click the Search tab to access a full-text retrieval search. you can search it for any key word. First. A workflow wizard steps you through this brief process. which means that you can press F1 to display Help for the active command or dialog box. the software builds a database of words from all available Help files. Once the database is compiled. Full-text retrieval allows you to search for specific words instead of alphabetized categories. InRoads Suite Help is context sensitive.

Define corridor 8. Start InRoads and open design/drawing file.Working with InRoads Workflows Looking at InRoads The following workflows represent typical paths you might take when designing a civilworks project using InRoads. Create and edit templates 7. Extract cross sections 84 . Your particular workflow may vary depending on the needs of your project. 2. 1. Master Workflow This workflow lists a few of the steps that you could take through the application to finish your project. Generate design surface 10. Place templates and calculate superelevations 9. Create and edit vertical alilgnment 6. Create and edit a horizontal alignment 4. Extract profiles 5. Create an original ground surface 3.

Creating a Surface The following diagram illustrates a general workflow for creating surfaces. Import/create Cogo points Locate commands Create/open a new geometry project Create horizontal alignments Cogo alignment commands Import alignment data Save geometry Display alignments Edit alignments Extracting Profiles 85 . Create a surface slot Import surface data Triangulate the surface View the surface Save the surface Creating or Editing Geometry Projects and Associated Horizontal Alignments The following diagram illustrates a general workflow for creating and editing geometry projects and their associated horizontal alignments. Create reports. 12.11. Compute cut and fill volumes.

This is an optional task. This is an optional task if you are using the vertical alignment editor. Set the desired active alignment Select the "Create Profile" command Set parameters as needed Plot the profile Creating or Editing Vertical Alignments The following diagram illustrates a general workflow for creating and editing vertical alignments. or import geometry to surface commands with similar results. 86 . You could also use the surface design.Working with InRoads The following diagram illustrates a general workflow for extracting profile information from your horizontal alignment. Import alignment data Set the active horizontal alignment Create a vertical alignment slot Edit the vertical alignment Save the geometry Display the vertical alignment Creating or Editing Typical Sections The following list describes a general workflow for creating or editing roadway templates. cross section editing.

3. Run superelevation wizard. Edit templates 4. Generate surface. Extracting Cross Sections The following diagram illustrates a general workflow for extracting cross sections from the roadway. Defining the Roadway The following list describes a general workflow for defining roadways. Save roadway design. 2.1. 3. Add point controls to points in templates. Load geometry Load surfaces Select the "Cross Section" command Data point for graphic location Click "Apply" Set parameters as necessary 87 . 5. Test end conditions 6. Add new end conditions or copy existing end conditions into template. Drop Templates at desired locations. Create or Open Template Library. 6. Load or create a roadway design. Save template library. Add new templates or copy existing components into template. 5. Create a new corridor. 7. 2. 1. 4.

Station Base/Offset d. 1. View XML reports to view reports already created. Legal Description 3. XML reports to generate new reports. a. Clearance e.Working with InRoads Computing Volumes InRoads calculates volumes in three ways. 2. Geometry c. 88 . End area volume Triangle volume Grid volume Creating Reports The following list describes a general workflow for creating reports. Stakeout f. Surface b. Format report with desired XSL sheet in the Report Browser.

the road_ref. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road. Extract roadlesson1. Loading Your Files 1. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. 89 .dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road.Setting Up InRoads Overview InRoads provides a complete set of tools for roadway design. For MicroStation users only. Open road.dgn. 2.exe.dwg file.dgn. Typically this workflow begins with loading project files and setting working preferences.dgn or road. Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads.

Click the Preferences tab at the bottom of the Explorer. The location of the civil.xin is shown in the Explorer when you click Preferences.Working with InRoads 3. Click the plus sign (+) next to Preferences . Click File > Open. Next. Click Tools > Options. you will use metric units in a file prepared for the entire InRoads road design tutorial: civilm_tut. Choose the Units and Format tab. Select civilm_tut. 8. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. You have opened the preference file for metric settings. 3. do the following: 1.xin file. Next. Setting Units of Measure InRoads uses the units of measure selected during installation.xin. 4. The civil. InRoads will start each session using this civil. Keep all other default settings and click Apply. modify the preferences file. 2. Navigate to the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads directory.xin file. either imperial or metric. 6. To define settings. select the following: • Linear: Metric • Angular: Degrees. This setting is saved in the civil. 5. set the units of measure within InRoads. Notice that there is already a preference loaded. 7.xin and click Open. 90 . Unless any other preference is specified in Project Defaults. For this task.xin file was loaded when InRoads started. 4. Under Units.

Click the Preferences button. 91 . 10. Click Save.9.

12.xin file is saved so that next time you start InRoads the settings are the same. 92 . 11.xin file.Working with InRoads This updates the settings in the file. or continue to the next chapter: Digital Terrain Modeling. When you exit the product. Close all dialog boxes. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. You’ve just modified the civilm_tut. the .

you load points from a field survey. Loading Your Files 93 . When you are done designing the proposed road.Models Overview Using Digital Terrain InRoads uses digital terrain models (DTMs) as the basis for much of its engineering calculations. Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. and display the surface perimeter. contours. Extract roadlesson2. and triangles. create a DTM. In this chapter.exe. One reason for modeling the existing terrain is to design the grade of a new road using the existing terrain as a reference. you compare the roadway surface against the original surface to compute earthworks (volumes) for your design. DTMs consist of a series of measured points connected together as triangles to form a 3-D faceted surface.

you create a surface using the File > New command. the first step in a project is to create a model representing the existing ground in the project area.dwg file. 2. assume that a survey has already been made of the area.xin. Open road. the road_ref. This preference file contains default settings for this tutorial. in the form of xyz coordinates. Select civilm_tut. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. Click Cancel to dismiss the Open dialog box. Before you can load any surface information from these files. such as when importing a surface. For MicroStation users only. In this task. Click File > Open 4. you must create a new surface to hold the data.dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. and click Open. Creating a Surface Typically. 94 . For this step. Note A surface can be created in several ways. The data.dgn or road.dgn. 3.Working with InRoads 1. 5. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road.dgn. has been put into two point files.

the TAB key accepts a key-in without processing the dialog box. and click Apply. Make or type the following selections: • Type: Existing • Name: original Note It is important that you to press the TAB key rather than the ENTER key after you type an entry in a field. Click the Surface tab. 3. 4. 2. Click File > New. • Description: existing ground. • Preference: default. The ENTER key can activate the command. InRoads creates a new surface named original.1. When the process is complete. Press the TAB key. original is listed in 95 .

Click OK. For each new file type that needs to be imported into InRoads surfaces or geometry projects. 96 . 3. Loading an ASCII Surface Next.*). 2.dat” Note: If you use the browse (…) button to locate the file. 1. 5. • Data Type: Surface • File Name: “C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\ InRoads\random.dat file. be sure to set the Files of Type to All Files (*. a wizard can be created and saved. These points define a surface that represents the existing (or original) terrain.Working with InRoads the Existing list box and it should be highlighted. load xyz points (collected by surveyors or photogrammetry) from two ASCII files into the surface you just created. This will begin the import process using an import wizard that was previously created specifically for the random. The highlight shows that it is the active surface. Make or type the following selections: • Wizard Name: random XYZ. Close the New dialog box. Navigate to File > Text Import Wizard.

Note: If the InRoads Report Lock is toggled ON. 97 . make or type the following selections o Surface: original o Seed Name: random o Feature Style: Default o Point Type: Random o Exclude from Triangulation: off 5. In the Surface Options dialog.dat to the surface original as random points.4. This dialog may be dismissed at any time. Click OK. InRoads loads the points contained in random. a report dialog will also appear detailing the results of the import.

Click OK. make or type the following selections o Surface: original o Seed Name: breakline o Feature Style: Default o Point Type: Breakline o Pen Order: One then Zeros o Exclude from Triangulation: off 98 . Select File>Text Import Wizard again in order to bring in the breakline file. In the Surface Options dialog.dat” 8. This will begin the import process using an import wizard that was previously created specifically for the break.Working with InRoads 6. 9. In the Text Import Wizard. 7. make or type the following selections: • Wizard Name: breakline XYZP • Data Type: Surface • File Name: “C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\ InRoads\break.dat file.

Click OK. Make sure that none of the toggles are on. 11. Click Surface > Triangulate Surface.dat to the surface original as breaklines.10. and then click Apply. For the Surface. 99 . InRoads loads the points contained in break. select original. 12.

Next. Click File > Save As. 14. define some criteria for the surface and display it. For Active. Save the surface you just created. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\ Tutorials\InRoads. When the process is finished. Click Save to save the DTM.dtm. 18. type original. 20. 15. For Save as type.Working with InRoads InRoads connects the points in surface original to form a faceted surface of triangles. 17.dtm). For the File Name. select Surfaces (*. You have created a surface and loaded ground survey points into the surface. 16. select original. Cancel the dialog box. the Triangulate Surface dialog box reports how many points and triangles exist in the DTM. 13. 19. Close the dialog box. 100 .

101 . Double-click Plan Line to edit. 3. you will select symbology for the surface perimeter. contours. isopachs. you can display the DTM that represents the original ground. InRoads contains more than a dozen commands to view terrain models (surfaces) in a variety of ways. triangles. type perimeter. Click New. symbology settings defined in the Symbology Manager are stored in the XIN file. and aspect. slope. 4.xin. the preference file is civilm_tut. such as symbology for objects that appear in the DTM. contours and triangles). Creating Named Symbology InRoads allows you to uniquely define criteria. The symbology is selected and given a specific name for future use. and use three of the viewing commands (perimeter. The settings here will apply to lines displayed in Plan view only. Typically. For this tutorial.Terrain Model Display Now that you have loaded the data from the field survey into InRoads. and so on. 2. triangles. In this section. For Name. you will create symbology for objects in the DTM. 1. Before displaying the surface. including points. The settings you select are only for the surface perimeter. create a preference set for the surface original. Click Tools > Named Symbology Manager. and color-coded representations of elevation. and contours.

8.Working with InRoads 5. 6. click on the color palette and select red or. Note: The Layer/Level “perimeter-plan” does not have to already exist in the CAD file in order for it to be defined in the named symbology. On MicroStation. select 1. type 10 in the field). type “perimeter-plan”. On AutoCAD. select Continuous. On MicroStation. type 19 (On AutoCAD. For Color. For Layer/Level. 7. 102 . for Line Style. When a command uses this symbology for the first time. for Weight. select 0. InRoads will create the Layer/Level in the drawing file. for Line Type.

For Layer/Level. 7. For Color. type triangles. Accept all other default settings and click OK. You have created named symbology named triangles. 103 .. Apply on the New Named Symbology dialog box. type “triangles-plan”. 13. 3. contours. type “contours-plan”. Double-click Plan Line. 2. Click Apply. 9. 5. type 2 (On AutoCAD. For Color. 4. For Layer/Level. You have created a named symbology named contours.1. Click OK. type 80) in the field. Perimeter. 10. 11. 8. then. Click Apply. and triangles now appear in the Symbology Manager list. For Name. type contours. Accept all other the defaults and click OK. click the color palette and select green or. click the color palette and select blue or. 6. You have successfully created a named symbology with the name perimeter. Double-click Plan Line. For Name. Continue creating symbologies by following the remaining steps. 12. type 17 (type 170 on AutoCAD) in the field.

18. For Name. 21. Accept all other default settings and click OK. type “breaklines-plan”. For Color. For Layer/Level. type 19 (type 10 on AutoCAD) in the field. For Color.Working with InRoads 14. Double-click Plan Text. For Layer/Level. 17. 104 . type breaklines. type 17 (type 170 on AutoCAD) in the field. 19. type “breaklines-plan”. click the color palette and select red or. Double-click Plan Line. 16. click the color palette and select blue or. 20. 15.

Width. Accept all other default settings and click OK. 31. 29. 25. and Line Spacing. Double-click Cross Section Text. For Weight. Make the Layer/Lever “breaklines-profile”. 105 . Select Arial 24. 27. Make the Layer/Lever “breaklines-section”. 33. Double-click Profile Line. 23. 26.22. Make the Layer/Lever “breaklines-section”. For Height. Repeat Steps 17 to 18. type 0. 30. Double-click Cross Section Line.004. 28. Repeat Steps 21 to 25. For Font. Repeat Steps 21 to 25. Make the Layer/Lever “breaklines-profile”. Double-click Profile Text. Repeat Steps 17 to 18. 32. select 1.

For Preference. Double-click the Object “Perimeter” in the Symbology box. create a preference set for the surface original. Breaklines now appear in the Symbology Manager list. 5. select symbology for the surface in the form of a preference set.Working with InRoads 34. Click Apply. Surface preferences may include specialized symbology or other criteria that distinguishes one surface from another. 3. A preference set is a group of settings that specify how objects that represent an individual surface are displayed. Next. type original and press Tab. In the Preferences section. select perimeter. Click the Surface tab. You have created named symbology named breaklines. 2. Creating a Surface Preference In this task. double-click View Perimeter. Click Ok. 35. The settings you previously defined for perimeter populates the dialog box. Close the Named Symbology Manager dialog box. Under Symbology Name. The preference set is named original to help remember the association with the surface named original. 1. 106 . 4. Click Tools > Preference Manager.

107 . 12. 7. you are modifying symbology here to create a preference set for the surface original. 9.The perimeter for surface original will display on layer/level “perimeter-plan” in Color 19. Remember. In the Preferences section. In the Symbology list. 8. select triangles and click OK. Double-click Triangles. 10. Choose the “contours” named symbology and select OK. In the Preferences section. Click Save. Click Save. double-click to edit Major Contours. double-click View Triangles. For Symbology Name. 11. double-click View Contours. 6.

Click Save. key-in 1. 14.0. For Minors per Major. For interval. key in 4. 108 .Working with InRoads 13.

and turn on Pencil mode. The default system settings apply to objects not yet initialized. 2. Next. Click Tools > Locks. Initialized indicates that the entire preference set for the object is now active. display the perimeter of the surface original to view the extent of the DTM data contained in the surface. you will display the surface. You have successfully defined symbology and created a surface preference. Click Tools > Locks. 1.The status for each surface object has changed from Not Initialized to Initialized. Close the dialog box. 109 . 15. and turn off Style lock. Displaying a Surface Perimeter In this task.

and then click Close. highlight “Original” and click Load. Close all CAD dialog boxes. Click Surface > View Surface > Perimeter. 110 . 5. Click Preferences. turn on all levels/layers. click Setting > Level > Display and ensure all levels are on. Click Apply. click Format > Layer and ensure all layers are on. 4. 6. From the CAD menu. On AutoCAD.Working with InRoads 3. On MicroStation. InRoads displays the perimeter of the surface original in the drawing file.

Displaying Surface Contours Next. 111 . with 4 minor contours between major contours. the dialog settings and symbology are set to the values that were defined earlier in the preference manager. 1. 4. display the contours of the surface original.Note If the perimeter is not visible on the screen. Note that by loading the preferences. Click Surface > View Surface > Contours. Contours will be displayed every meter. 3. ensure that all display levels/layers are turned on. highlight “Original” and click Load. Click the Main tab. 2. Click Preferences. Click Apply to view the contours.

Different preference sets can be saved for later use. Click Save. When the command is finished processing. Click Preferences.xin file is modified. 5. Turn OFF Minor Depression Contours 2. InRoads computes the contour segments for each elevation. At any point while using InRoads. 112 . In this task.Working with InRoads In the next few steps. connects them into polylines/linestrings. You can save and load preference sets for InRoads commands or surfaces using the Preferences button located at the bottom or right side of most dialog boxes. Remember. you can save the current settings of any command to a preference set. click Close to dismiss the View Contours dialog box. you edit settings in the View Contours dialog box and save them to the preference set for surface original.xin file. Make sure that original is highlighted. and then click Close. Click Apply on the View Contours dialog box. 1. 4. 3. and displays the contours in the drawing file. when you add to a preference set the . you modify the civilm_tut.

Click Surface > View Surface > Perimeter. These features are helpful when you want to display several iterations of a graphic until the desired graphic is displayed. 6. The perimeter is drawn on the screen. The Delete Ink Lock command is used to removed graphics drawn in ink. This command is Either/Or meaning you are either in pencil mode or ink mode 113 . Using a pencil. Fit the perimeter into the view. 3. Click Apply. Delete all graphics in the design file. after comparing the objects. you have the ability to quickly erase a drawing to remove it. Make sure that you are in Pencil mode. 4. Then. 1.Using Pencil/Pen The Pencil/Pen command lets you temporarily (pencil) or permanently (ink) write to the graphics file. 5. In contrast. you can remove those not desired. graphics drawn in ink are of a permanent form and must be deleted to be removed. 2. This concept is similar to drawing on paper.

15. 16. 20. is erased. move the perimeter. 13. The previous graphic. The perimeter is written to the design file because Write lock is on. 14. 114 . then click Close. move the perimeter. 10. Toggle to Pen mode. 9. 11. Ensure the Omit Automatic Graphics Refresh option is turned off. Using your CAD software. written in pencil. Using your CAD software. Click Edit. Click Surface >View Surface >Perimeter. The current perimeter is drawn in the graphics file in ink. Click Apply. 12. click on the color palette and select a different color. 18. Click Surface > View Surface > Perimeter. Click OK. The first perimeter was erased and the second (current) perimeter was displayed. 8. click Tools > Options. For Color. Click Apply. For Color.Working with InRoads 7. 19. Note If the graphic is not erased. graphic display is not refreshed: all graphics remain displayed. click the color palette and select a different color. When this option is on. Click Edit. 17. Click OK.

115 . select 2. 25. select 1. 27. Toggle to Pencil Mode. The second perimeter is displayed. select a dashed type. for Line Style. 29. On MicroStation. On AutoCAD. Click Apply. On MicroStation. Using your CAD software. click Apply again. The third perimeter is drawn in pencil. 22. for Line Type. move the second perimeter. for Weight. Click OK. 28. The first graphic remains because it was written to the graphics file in ink. In the View Perimeter dialog box. 26.21. 23. click Edit. 24. In the View Perimeter dialog box. 30. It has a different line style.

34. select 0. Pencil mode only allows you to display one. for Line Style. On AutoCAD. On MicroStation. for Weight. Click OK. 32. Click Close to dismiss the View Perimeter dialog box. 39. On MicroStation. 36. Turn on Delete Ink Lock. 35.Working with InRoads 31. 116 . for Line Type. click the color palette and select a different color. 33. Click Edit. 37. Click Surface >View Surface >Perimeter. select 1. For Color. 38. Pen mode allows you to display several versions of a graphic. select Continuous.

The current (last) graphic is displayed. The two perimeters written in ink are deleted because Delete Ink Lock is on. display the triangles that make up the faceted surface. Click Apply. 41. Note If you have previously placed a region or fence and the Region/Fence Mode is active. 1. Click Surface > View Surface > Triangles. select original. select Ignore. For the Surface. 117 . The perimeter written in pencil is removed because Pencil mode only retains the most recent graphic. Turn off Delete Ink lock. 2.40. 42. Click Close to dismiss the View Perimeter dialog box. 43. Displaying Surface Triangles In the next task.

For AutoCAD users only: if your triangles did not display in color. InRoads displays the triangles in the drawing file.Working with InRoads 3. that road is part of the original ground. You will design a new road to run through this region. Click Apply. 5. click Tools > Preferences. 4. Later you can examine cross sections comparing the newly designed road against the existing ground. This is an existing road. Looking at the displayed DTM. do the following: • From the AutoCAD menu. In this project. 118 . you should notice a feature running left-to-right across the entire surface. click Close to dismiss the View Triangles dialog box. When processing is finished.

Under Include Definition For. Click New. 6. Update the view to remove the triangles. type For surface original. you will define a feature style for surface breaklines. Now navigate to the Setting leaf under the Surface Feature folder. 4. 1. For Description. you can determine how and where features would appear in the surface. In this task. type breaklines. select Surface Feature. Breaklines commonly represent linear features. For Name. Click Tools > tyle Manager. • Turn off the Monochrome Vectors toggle.• Click the Display tab. How and where a feature displays is determined by the feature style. 119 . 5. such as curblines and ditches in a roadway project. • Click Colors. • Click OK on both the AutoCAD Window Colors and Preferences dialog boxes. 2. 6. 3. Creating a Feature Style Now that you have displayed the objects that represent the surface.

These setting instruct InRoads to display breaklines in plan view. click to turn on Line Segments.Working with InRoads 7. 120 . Click Apply. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 9. 10. You have successfully created a feature style. Now navigate to the Symbology leaf in the Surface Feature folder. 13. The new feature style is listed in the Style Manager dialog box. These settings determine how the feature displays. The new feature style that you are creating is borrowing the symbology that you previously set for breaklines. 11. These setting determine where the feature displays. 12. select breaklines from the list. For Name. Under 3-D/Plan Display. 8.

Under Style. 121 . Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. Next. select original. Click Surface > Feature > Feature Properties. For Surface. Highlight all breaklines in the Feature list. 17. 18. for Primary select breaklines. Note The standard Windows select controls work in most InRoads dialog. 15. 16. Therefore. apply the feature style to all of the breaklines in the surface original.14. it is possible to use the Shift and Ctrl keys to make a selection in the InRoads lists boxes.

For Mode. 1.Working with InRoads 19. Click the Add Rule button. you create a selection filter to only display breakline features. Creating a Feature Selection Filter Most roadway projects utilize many types of features. 6. The breaklines appear in the Current Results list. select Include. 2. select Breakline. 20. 5. you can build a selection set from which to choose features. 3. For Start With. The new feature style breaklines is applied to each breakline in the surface. For Value. for Attribute select Feature Type. Once you have created and applied styles to featuretypes in the surface. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 4. 7. Under Build Selection. Click Surface > Feature > Feature Selection Filter. Keep all other default options. select None. Click Apply. 122 . In this task. 21.

In the Feature Filter list in the Explorer. Click OK to dismiss the dialog box. select breaklines. In this final task. 10. You have successfully created a feature selection filter. Displaying Surface Features Once you have created a selection filter. Click Save As. 1. display all breaklines in the surface original. 123 . Turn on the Feature Filter Lock located next to the Feature Filter list field. Click OK and Cancel to close the dialog box. 9.8. 2. type breaklines. you can quickly display surface features. 11. For Name.

10. For Surface. save road. 7. Update the view. Click Apply. Scroll down the list. 124 . 8. 9. 5. From the CAD menu. Notice that only breaklines are listed and selected. Click Surface > View Surface > Features. Use the your CAD tools to delete the breaklines and perimeter.dwg.dgn or road.Working with InRoads 3. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 4. 6. select original.

125 . or continue to the next chapter: Creating Horizontal Alignments. From InRoads. click File > Save > Surface.11. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. 12.

From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the 126 . To do this. and transition and compound spiral curves. InRoads supports the definition of even the most complex alignments consisting of reverse curves.exe.Working with InRoads Alignments Overview Creating Horizontal Once you have modeled the existing surface by creating a DTM. Loading Your Files 1. compound curves. the next phase of road design is to define the planimetric position of the proposed road. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. 2. Extract roadlesson3. you must lay out a horizontal alignment. Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads.

123.road.dgn. and click Open. For Angular. Open road. select 0. confirm Metric. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box.123. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. select ddd.dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. angles and gradients.xin. Click File > Open. For Angular. For Slope. select 0. Click Apply. 3. Click the Units and Format tab.123. For MicroStation users only. you should set the working units and decimal precision for coordinates. Select civilm_tut. For Elevation.ss. For Aspect. 4. 3.dgn.123.dtm and click Open. the road_ref.ddd. 7.dgn or road. For Angular. for Station. select ddd^mm’ss.s”. for Linear. For Northing/Easting. confirm Degrees.1. stationing. Under Units. Click Apply. Click the Precision tab. Click the General tab. Click Apply.1234. Select original. Click Tools > Options. select 0.dwg file. select 0. Retain all other default precision settings. select 0. For Linear. select 0. 2. 4. For Station. 5. distances. 6. For Slope. 127 . 1. Under Format. select Northing/Easting. For Coordinate Sequence. select 50%. Setting Work Session Options Before creating a geometry project. select s+sss.

defining horizontal alignments. for Vertical. Click Apply.Working with InRoads 5. then. Click Preferences. select Bearings. the . This updates the settings in the file. 8. Under Curve Definition. select Arc. and defining stationing and station equations. Creating a Geometry Project 1. you define a horizontal and a vertical alignment. These alignments are the basis for defining the centerline for the proposed road. select Parabolic. Click Save and Close. When you saved the settings to the default preference. 7. 128 .alg file). Click File > New. within that project you will create horizontal and vertical alignments. For Horizontal.xin file was saved so that next time you start InRoads the settings are the same. This chapter describes several processes related to the geometry project: importing an existing alignment. For Angular Mode. Select default. Click the Geometry tab. 6. You’ve modified the civilm_tut. Turn on both toggles under Always Confirm. 9. The Geometry Project InRoads stores coordinate geometry information in a geometry project (*. Click Close to dismiss the Options dialog box. You create a geometry project. You can save as many alignments and sets of points as you like in a geometry project. This information is stored in the geometry project. As you progress through the tutorial.xin file.

Press the TAB key. For the Type. select Arc. then click Apply. For the Description. Press the TAB key. 3. type baseline. type road relocation project. type relocation baseline. type relocation. 8. Press the TAB key. Click the Geometry tab. 4. For the Name. For Type. select Horizontal Alignment. select Geometry Project. select default. and then click Apply. Press the TAB key. Press the TAB key. For Style. 7. For Curve Definition. 9. 5. For the Name.2. Press the TAB key. 10. For the Description. 129 . 6.

130 . type profile gradeline. For Type. Press the TAB key. For Style. Press the TAB key. select Vertical Alignment.Working with InRoads You have successfully defined the horizontal alignment name for the geometry. type relocation baseline. select Parabolic. Press the TAB key. 12. For the Description. then click Apply. 15. select default. Press the TAB key. 14. For the Name. 13. For Curve Definition. 11.

In the next task.You have successfully defined a vertical alignment name. for more complex road designs. you will create a horizontal alignment. InRoads provides several methods for creating horizontal alignments. you can use multiple element regression to create alignments. Click Close to dismiss the New dialog box. otherwise. continue to the next section. 16. Another method allows you to design alignments using horizontal elements. You can choose to complete either one or both of the alignment workflows. The first two methods are detailed in the following sections. To create a horizontal alignment using PIs. One approach lets you add points of intersection (PIs) and curve sets. Finally. skip to Creating an Alignment by Horizontal Element Design. Creating an Alignment by Horizontal Curve Set 131 .

click in the command key-in field. 3.8.3200 in the CAD command window. Click Surface > View Surface > Perimeter. identify the initial tangents of the horizontal alignment by placing PIs. 6. Press the TAB key. Fit the perimeter in the view. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. 132 .3124. Click Apply. Go to Tools>Locks and toggle the Pen/Pencil Lock to Pencil. click in the CAD command key-in window and type NE=3255.Working with InRoads Once the geometry project is created. type NE=3400. 7. For AutoCAD users. By connecting PI to PI. Move the mouse to see the beginning of the active horizontal alignment. At the prompt: Identify first point. click Utitlites > Key-ins on MicroStation. and then click Close. the centerline of the new road is created. 4. you can create the alignment for the new road. 1. You will finish up this task by creating curve sets to smooth out the alignment. 5. Note Make sure that Point Snap is turned off.5. 2. To begin. Click Geometry > Horizontal Curve Set > Add PI. Press the Enter key. Note If your command window does not appear.

right mouse click is reject.Note You can define a PI by keying in coordinates or by selecting the point graphically. 11. 8. 10.3825 in the CAD command window. 9. When using the CAD key in window. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. type NE=3540. Press the TAB key. On AutoCAD. For this lesson. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. When selecting the point graphically. At the prompt: Identify alignment end. reject. reject. right mouse click is accept and key in “R” is reject. Note Note: Remember. the coordinates are displayed in the lower-left corner of the Explorer. 133 .2 in the CAD command window.2. type NE=4064. on MicroStation left mouse click is accept. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. Press the TAB key.4470. you will key in each PI. you can press Enter or press the TAB key.

Press the TAB key. click on the first row (Maximum e of 4. 18. Click the Design Calc. you define the curves. Press the TAB key.Working with InRoads You have successfully added PIs to create tangents for the new alignment. 12. type N 27 30 E. 134 . 17. 15. 13. type 160. select Direction and Distance From Previous PI. Under Curve Design. Click Geometry > Horizontal Curve Set > Define Curve. For Length Back. 14. Under Horizontal PI. for Define By. Under Select Table Entry. button. For Direction Back. Next. select 80. for Speed. 16.00 and Radius of 280).

19. 135 . 20. For Trailing Transition. for Leading Transition type 50. type 50. Press the TAB key. Press the TAB key. Under Horizontal Curve. The Radius of 280 is displayed in the dialog box. Click OK.

Working with InRoads 21. Click Apply. InRoads computes a curve set at the second PI (between the first and second tangent lines) and displays the message: Successful completion in the Explorer status field. 136 .

24. type N 50 50 E. for Leading Transition type 35. for Define By. For Direction Ahead. type 35. 23. type 830. For Length Ahead. In the Horizontal Curve section. 25. 27. Press the TAB key. Under Horizontal PI.22. Press the TAB key. Click Next to move to the third PI. For Trailing Transition. Press the TAB key. type 500. Press the TAB key. For Radius. Press the TAB key 26. Click Apply. 137 . select Direction and Distance From Next PI.

29. For the Active. and click Save. 33. Click File > Save As to save the geometry project. The geometry project called relocation. 138 . you can periodically use the File > Save > Geometry Project command to save your project. Now is a good time to save your project. For the File Name type relocation. is saved. Note As you progress through the workflow. Now. skip to Defining the Beginning Station. Click Close to dismiss the Define Horizontal Curve Set dialog box. select Geometry Projects (*. 31. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. select relocation.Working with InRoads You have successfully created a horizontal alignment. 28. which contains the horizontal alignment data and the empty vertical alignment. 32. 34. For the Save as type. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads.alg). 30.alg.

Creating an Alignment by Horizontal Element Design Once you have created a geometry project. Direction and Distance. For Mode. 139 . In the Parameters section. click the Name check box to turn it on. Click Geometry > Horizontal Element > Add Fixed Line. In the Direction field. 5. 6. you can create the alignment for the new road. 3. Press the TAB key. type 3255. click the Distance check box to turn it on. Press the TAB key.8. 4. 7. Press the TAB key. 9.5. select By Point. type 3124. In the Point section. type 200. In the Distance field. type N 27 30 E. 1. In Easting field. click the Direction check box to turn it on. In Northing field. In the Parameters section. Press the TAB key. 2. 8.

Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. accept the solution. 11.Working with InRoads 10. select By Point and Radius. Click Apply. 12. Ensure that the Name check box is turn off. 14. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. 13. Click Geometry > Horizontal Element > Add Floating Curve. 15. For Mode. 140 .

20. Click Design Calc. 21. 18. button. select 80. The Radius of 280 is displayed in the dialog box. For Design Transition By. In the Select Table Entry section. 141 . select Length. Under Curve Design. click on the first row (Maximum e of 4. 17.00 and Radius of 280). type 50. In the Leading Transition field. 19. for Speed. Press the TAB key. Click OK.16.

Click Apply. place a datapoint in the middle of the surface where the road might go. 24. At the prompt: Identify a Point. At the prompt: Identify Element. Press the TAB key. 25. 142 .Working with InRoads 22. In the Trailing Transition field. type 50. place a datapoint on the linear element as shown below: You can dynamically place the floating curve. 23.

1965. 26. click the Name check box to turn it on. 27. 32. This step simply allows you to see that you can place a curve dynamically in graphics. type 3301. At the prompt: Identify element. In the Northing field. 28. Press the TAB key. reject. In the next few steps you will place the curve with actual coordinates. accept the curve. 29. 143 . At the prompt: Accept/Reject. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. At the prompt: Identify element.3151. Click Apply. 30. place a data point on the line. In the Point section. Press the TAB key. In the Easting field. type 3419.Note You can actually click anywhere in the surface because you are going to reject the solution. reject. 33. 31.

click the Name check box to turn it on. 37. type 3510. Press the TAB key. In the Northing field. 36.3444. 144 . 35. reject. Press the TAB key. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. For Mode. At the prompt: Identify element. 40. In the Easting field. select By Point.1723. type 3695.Working with InRoads 34. In the Point section. Click Geometry > Horizontal Element > Add Floating Line. 39. 38.

At the prompt: Accept/Reject. accept the line.41. 42. At the prompt: Identify element. 145 . Click Apply. place a data point near the end (but within) the circular arc as shown: 43.

In the Direction field. type 3849. Again. 54. Press the TAB key. Press the TAB key. 47. 45. 50. At the prompt: Identify element. click Geometry > Horizontal Element > Add Fixed Line. type 3558. click the Direction check box to turn it on. 53. type 800. In Easting field. click the Distance check box to turn it on. select By Point.Working with InRoads 44. In the Parameters section. 49. 146 . reject. 52.9504.0 E. In Northing field. In the Parameters section. 48. Direction and Distance. For Mode.9373. Press the TAB key. type N 50 50 00. In the Distance field. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. Press the TAB key. 46. In the Point section. click the Name check box to turn it on. 51.

Click Close to dismiss the dialog. 147 . You have successfully created a horizontal alignment. you will fix it later in the lesson. 58. Click Apply. 56. Don’t be alarmed by the gap in the alignment. accept the line. Click File > Save As to save the geometry project. 57.55. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. Now is a good time to save your project.

and click Save. 60. You will display the stationing later in the workflow. select Geometry Projects (*. Defining the Beginning Station Now that you have created an alignment. Click Geometry > Horizontal Curve Set > Stationing. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. and click Apply. you can periodically use the File > Save > Geometry Project command to save your project. 62. Note As you progress through the workflow. 1. For the File Name type relocation. 2. 61. For Starting Station.Working with InRoads 59. you can define the beginning station.000. For the Active. type 10+000. 63.alg.alg). 148 . Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. select relocation. The geometry project called relocation is saved. For the Save as type.

Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. now is a good time to review the alignment for any discontinuities. the element is highlighted in the graphics file. This option displays individual elements within the alignment. you can review the alignment. and stationing element by element. Reviewing the Horizontal Alignment Before fully displaying the alignment. You can review the entire alignment or check the tangents. Previous and First buttons to navigate elements in the file. 2. the review appears as shown below: 149 . spirals. Next. click Element. Notice that as you move along the alignment. If you created the alignment by curve sets. 5.3. Click the Next button to move along the alignment. You can use the Last. 4. In the Mode section. Click Geometry > Review Horizontal. 1. Take a few minutes to review the alignment. 3.

the review appears as shown below (For Mode select Alignment): Scroll down to the end of the file. Unlike creating an alignment with curve sets.Working with InRoads Creating an alignment by Horizontal Curve Set keeps elements collinear and connected. creating an alignment by Horizontal 150 . 6. This means there are discontinuities within the alignment. There are no warnings for this alignment. Notice the warning: Elements are not coincident. If you created the alignment by horizontal design elements.

skip to Displaying an Alignment. 2. accept the curve. type 35. 8. 7. At the prompt: Identify second element. In the Trailing Transition field. For Define Transition By. otherwise. 7. 8. If you just created the alignment by Horizontal Design Element. Resolving Discontinuties in a Horizontal Alignment Once you have reviewed an alignment and discovered discontinuities. Press the TAB key. 1. 4.Design Element does not force the alignment to be collinear and connected. At the prompt: Identify first element. Click Geometry > Horizontal Element > Add Free Curve. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 3. Press the TAB key. place a data point adjacent to the line to the left of the gap. place a data point adjacent to the line to the right of the gap. continue to the next task. Press the TAB key. you can connect elements to make them collinear. 6. 151 . Click Print (optional). 5. select Length. type –500. type 35. In the Leading Transition field. Click Apply. For Radius. 9. At the prompt: Accept/Reject.

Displaying the Alignment Stationing With the beginning station defined. or points of station inequalities. you are now able to display the stations along the alignment. Note For AutoCAD. The elements are connected. At the prompt: Identify first element. 11. 152 .Working with InRoads 10. In this task. along the alignment. you display the stationing along the centerline. you must have Quick Text (Tools > Drawing Aids) turned off. Click Geometry > View Geometry > Active Horizontal to see the elements and cardinal points of the alignment. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. and even define station equations. right mouse click to return to the dialog box. 1.

For Orientation in the MAJOR section. Click Geometry > View Geometry > Stationing. 4.2. 3. Click the Regular Stations tab. click Perpendicular. 153 .

For Direction. In this lesson. For Ticks Minors/Majors. Press the TAB key. Press the TAB key. For Ticks Right Offset. For Format. type 0. For Orientation. click Up Station. select Left. 17. 25. you only display major tick marks. 9. type –0. For Ticks Left Offset. For Precision. select Multiple Lines. select s+sss. 21. click Perpendicular. click Perpendicular. For Offset. 7. 22. Press the TAB key. 14. Press the TAB key.123. 20. For Offset. type -0. For Placement. Note The minor settings remain the default. click Up Station. For Justification. select Right Center.sss. For Precision. 154 . select 0.005. type 0. 8.007. 23. For Direction. Click the PIs tab. 13. select In.005. 11. Click the Cardinal Stations tab. Press the TAB key.Working with InRoads 5. 10. For Orientation. 24. select 0. 12. 16. 19. type 0. Press the TAB key. select s+sss. click Up Station.120. 15.sss. 18. For Text. For Leader 1. For Placement. For Format. 26. 6. type 4. For Justification. select Right Center. In the Direction section.

Cardinal Station. PI Station. 40. For Offset. 39. 29. 37. For Text. 35. select Right Center. 32.27. select Out. Use the Zoom command to see the stationing. Ensure that symbology for the following objects are turned on: Major Ticks. For Justification. select Multiple Lines.123. 155 . For Format. Press the TAB key. Major Stations. Press the TAB key. PI Leader.050. Select default and click Save to store the preferences in the civilm_tut. select 0. For Leader 1.xin file. For Placement. 41. 36. type –0. type 50. For Interval. 33. type 0. 34. Cardinal Leader. Click Apply. Press the TAB key.sss. For Precision. 38. Click the Preferences button. select s+sss. Turn off all other objects. 28. Click the Main tab. 31. Click Close to dismiss the Preferences dialog box. 30.

44. You can experiment with the different stationing displays by using the tabs or the Symbology Edit option located on the Main tab of the dialog box. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. or continue to the next chapter: Creating Profiles. toggle to Pen mode. 46. Using your CAD software. Click Apply one more time on the View Stationing dialog box.dwg or road. 45. click File > Save > Geometry Project. save the road. 43. and then click Close to dismiss the dialog box.dgn file. When you are finished. From InRoads.Working with InRoads 42. 156 .

the next step in designing a roadway is the definition of the design grade line or vertical alignment. Before you define the vertical alignment. skip to Generating a Profile Along an Alignment. This lesson covers profile generation. When profiles are created. called the profile window. As you add segments to the vertical alignment. If you just finished the chapter on horizontal alignments. you extract a profile of the original surface along the horizontal alignment. Then you use the surface profile as a reference for designing the vertical alignment. complete the following steps: 157 .Creating Profiles Overview With the location of the horizontal alignment in place. If you are just beginning the tutorial here. they are done so as a part of a set (even if there is only one profile within the set). When a profile is created. they appear in the profile window. it appears in the drawing file in a rectangular box. Profiles are maintained as a part of a set so that they are easily identified when you want to update a profile or edit features within a specific profile. The next lesson covers vertical alignment layout within the profile and profile annotation.

For Horizontal. Loading Your Files 1. 7.dtm. Open road.dgn. the road_ref. For Select civilm_tut.dgn. Click File > Open. complete the following steps.0. Click Evaluation > Profile > Create Profile. For MicroStation users only. 1. and click Open. type 10. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. Select original. 158 .xin. and click Open. For Set Name. 8. 2. Select relocation. type 1.dwg file. Click the General leaf.dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. and click Open. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. 4.alg.dgn or road. a default name is provided: baseline. Under Exaggeration. which represents the elevation of the existing surface original along the horizontal alignment centerline. 3. Generating a Profile Along an Alignment To extract a profile. 2.00. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road.Working with InRoads Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. 4. This profile set will contain only one profile and will be associated with the alignment baseline. 3. 5. Extract roadlesson4.exe. 6. for Vertical.

Under Symbology. original. Click on the Include leaf. This location identifies the origin of the axes used in the profile generation (justified about the lower-left corner). 9.5. 10. The graphics in the profile show the elevation of the existing ground along the path of the horizontal alignment. turn on the Surface. 8. Click the Source leaf . Click the Controls folder and select the Limits leaf. Under Limits. Make sure Alignment is set to baseline. and InRoads extracts and displays the profile at the specified point. 6. and place a data point somewhere to the right of the surface original. This tells InRoads that the elevation data in surface original should be used for the profile. 159 . ensure that all toggles are turned off. 7. Turn off all options. Click Apply.

modify the symbology colors and redisplay the profile. 12. such as the title and text. To save a setting.dgn file. Close. Use the CAD software Zoom commands to view the profile and legend. When you are finished. click Preferences on the dialog box. do not appear. 13. click Close to dismiss the Create Profile dialog box. 15. 11.dwg or road. 14. or continue to the next chapter: Creating Vertical Alignments.Working with InRoads Note If the details of the profile. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. Using your CAD software. click Save then. save the road. 160 . Select default.

you will create and define a vertical alignment. Loading Your Files 161 . In this way. complete the following steps: Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. This task includes defining the vertical alignment within the bounds of a profile generated along a horizontal alignment. If you are just beginning the tutorial here. the longitudinal grade of the road can be defined using the existing ground as a reference. It is important to understand that a vertical alignment defines the elevations for a given horizontal alignment. In this chapter. If you just finished the chapter on creating profiles. a vertical alignment is related to a particular horizontal alignment.exe. Extract roadlesson5. skip to Creating a New Vertical Alignment.Creating Vertical Alignments Overview Once an extracted profile of the existing terrain is created.

dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. 7. Another method defines the geometry by vertical element design.dtm. 1. You can complete the instructions for one method or. For MicroStation users only.alg. Click File > Open. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. Creating a New Vertical Alignment InRoads provides three methods for creating a vertical alignment.dgn.dgn. The first two methods are detailed in this lesson. Select relocation. and click Open. you can create a vertical alignment using regression analysis. skip to Creating an Alignment by Vertical Element Design. you create a new vertical alignment to define plan grade along the horizontal alignment centerline. 5. the road_ref. 8.dgn or road. Open road. Finally. otherwise. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. 2. and click Open. 3. 162 . continue to the next section. Select civilm_tut. 4. you can practice creating alignments using both methods.xin. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads.Working with InRoads 1. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road. To create a vertical alignment using curve sets.dwg file. and click Open. Select original. One approach lets you add points of intersection (PIs) and curve sets. Creating an Alignment by Vertical Curve Set In this task. Click Geometry > Vertical Curve Set > Add PI. 6.

At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. Select Apply on the Add Vertical PI dialog box. you will key in each PI in the CAD command window. 2. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. 10. 9. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. At the prompt: Identify Point/Reject. Press the Enter key.Note You can define a PI by keying in coordinates in the dialog box.296. Press the Enter key. 163 . by selecting the point graphically. type se=10850. Press the Enter key. 8. keying in coordinates in the CAD command window. Press the Enter key.65. reject.30 in the CAD command window. 5. At the prompt: Identify alignment end. Press the Enter key.7999. type se=11612.295 in the CAD command window. You may need to move the collapsed dialog box to see the prompts in the lower-left corner of the Explorer. click in the CAD command window and type se=10000.289. 3. 4. When selecting the point graphically.296 in the CAD command window. The beginning of the active vertical alignment is displayed in the profile. the coordinates are dynamically displayed in the lower-left corner of the Explorer. type se=10250. For this lesson. Close the Add Vertical PI dialog. 6. 7.278 in the CAD command window. Reject again to redisplay the dialog box. type se=11250.

type 2.65%. Press the TAB key. 11. 14. Next. select Length of Curve. you define the curves. 12. 164 . for Calculate By. type 120. For Entrance Grade. Press the TAB key.Working with InRoads You have successfully added PIs to create tangents for the new vertical alignment. for Define PVI By. select Station and Entrance Grade. For Length. 13. type 10+250. Press the TAB key. Under Vertical Curve. 15. Under Vertical PI. Click Geometry > Vertical Curve Set > Define Curve. 16. For Station.

26. select Lookup Speed. for Range. For Define PVI By. For Elevation. type 10+850. 165 . Press the TAB key. Click the Design Calc. 20. 22. 19. Click Apply. 25. button. The first curve is placed: The message: Successful completion is displayed in the Explorer.The curve set will have a length of 120 meters. 21. Press the TAB key. For Speed. turn on the Upper toggle. type 278. Next. 17. 18. For Method. Under Curve Design. you will use the design calculator to define the curve length. 24. For Station. select Station and Elevation. Click Next to move up the alignment to compute the next curve set. select 80. 23.

166 .875. Since it is best to use an even number for curve length. Note The calculated length of curve is 218. type 220 in the Length of Curve field. Click OK.Working with InRoads 27. Press the TAB key.

Press the TAB key.5%. 34. 32. For Calculate By. select Station and Exit Grade. Press the TAB key. 31. Press the TAB key. 29. For Exit Grade. type 11+250.28. 33. For Define PVI By. Click Next to move up the alignment to complete the curve set. For Length. For Station. type 0. select Length of Curve. type 180. 30. Click Apply. 167 .

you can define elevations along the centerline of the new road. Click Apply. 36. Click Geometry > Vertical Element > Add Fixed Line. Grade and Distance. 1. 3. The final curve set is computed with a length of 180 meters. select By Point. 168 . The message: Successful completion is displayed in the Explorer. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. Creating an Alignment by Vertical Element Design Once the horizontal alignment in a geometry project is in place.Working with InRoads 35. Click the Station check box to turn it on. For Mode. 2.

4. For Station, type 10+000. Press the TAB key. 5. For Elevation, type 289.65. Press the TAB key. 6. Click the Grade check box to turn it on. 7. For Grade, type 2.65%. Press the TAB key. 8. Turn on the Distance option. 9. For Distance, type 250. Press the TAB key.

10. Click Apply. 11. At the prompt: Accept/Reject, accept the solution.

12. Next, you add the last tangent to the vertical alignment. 13. For Station, type 11+612.7999. Press the TAB key.
169

Working with InRoads

14. For Elevation, type 296.30. Press the TAB key. 15. For Grade, type 0.5%. Press the TAB key. 16. For Distance, type –400. Press the TAB key.

17. Click Apply. 18. At the prompt: Accept/Reject, accept the solution.

19. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 20. Click Geometry > Vertical Element > Add Floating Curve. 21. For Mode, select By Point and Parameter. 22. Click the Station check box to turn it on.
170

23. For Station, type 10+310. Press the TAB key. 24. For Elevation, type 294.4475. Press the TAB key. 25. In the Parameter section, select r = (g2-g1) / L and in the field, type -4.7485.

26. Click Apply. 27. At the prompt: Identify Element, place a data point near the end, but within the extents of the first tangent as shown:

28. At the prompt: Accept/Reject, accept the solution. 29. At the prompt: Identify element, reject/stop.

171

Working with InRoads

30. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 31. Click Geometry > Vertical Element > Add Floating Line. 32. For Mode, select By Point. 33. Click the Station check box to turn it on. 34. For Station, type 10+850. Press the TAB key. 35. For Elevation, type 278. Press the TAB key.

36. Click Apply. 37. At the prompt: Identify element, place a data point near the end (but within) the circular arc as shown:

38. At the prompt: Accept/Reject, accept the line. 39. At the prompt: Identify element, reject/stop.

172

Grade and Distance.3438.1375%. type 11+100. 44. Press the TAB key. Click Apply. 46. Press the TAB key. Press the TAB key. 173 . 49. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 42. For Elevation. type 320.40. Press the TAB key. Click the Grade check box to turn it on. For Grade. type 200. For Length. Geometry > Vertical Element > Add Fixed Line. Click the Distance check box to turn it on. Click Close to dismiss the dialog box. 54. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. For Mode. 53. 48. 41. accept the line. For Distance. Click the Station check box to turn it on. 50. 43. Press the TAB key. 45. Click Geometry > Vertical Element > Add Free Curve. type 288. select By Point. type 4. 51. For Station. 47. 52.

At the prompt: Identify first element. At the prompt: Identify first element. 63. 60. 174 . For Length. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. reject/stop and return to the dialog box. place a data point near the second tangent: 57. At the prompt: Identify second element. place a data point near the third tangent: 64. 59. 56. accept the line. Next. accept the curve. place a data point near the last tangent: 65. At the prompt: Accept/Reject. place a data point near the third tangent: 58. Click Apply. place the final curve. type 180. 62. At the prompt: Identify second element. 61. Click Apply. At the prompt: Identify first element. Press the TAB key.Working with InRoads 55.

you can periodically use the File > Save > Geometry Project command to save your project. Save your project. 70. Reviewing a Vertical Alignment Before fully displaying the alignment. You can review the entire alignment or check the tangents element by element.66. For the Save as type. Click File > Save As to save the geometry project. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Civil\Tutorials\InRoads. Note As you progress through the workflow. select relocation. now is a good time to review it. 73. 67. Cancel the dialog box. 175 . Click Close to dismiss the dialog. 72.alg. select Geometry Projects (*. For the Active. Click Geometry > Review Vertical. reject/stop and return to the dialog box. and click Save. You have successfully created a vertical alignment. 1.alg). At the prompt: Identify first element. 68. 71. For the File Name type relocation. 69.

176 . Click the Next button to move along the alignment. Click Print (optional). In the Mode section. This option displays individual elements within the alignment. Take a few minutes to review the alignment. the stationing and elevation of the existing ground and design grade. 4. at a very minimum. Notice that as you move along the alignment. click Element. InRoads provides the ability to annotate many other alignment attributes. In the Mode section. then Close. Displaying Vertical Alignment Annotation 1. 6. Click Apply. InRoads gives you the means to properly blend horizontal and vertical alignment curves to meet well-established guidelines. Previous and First buttons to navigate elements in the file. 3. 5. By providing the ability to display these latter two parameters along the profile.00. click Alignment. including superelevation rates and degree-of-curvature. the element is highlighted in the graphics file. Close the dialog box. 7. You can use the Last.Working with InRoads 2. Click Tools > Options > Factors to set Text Factor to 5. Profile Annotation Many profile sheets are annotated with.

Click Apply. Click Geometry > View Geometry > Vertical Annotation.2. 3. 177 . Use your CAD Zoom commands to view the annotation. 4.

dwg or road. 6. Using your CAD software. save the road. Continue to the next chapter: Plan and Profile Generator. then exit your CAD software. Click File > Exit to exit InRoads.dgn file. 178 .Working with InRoads 5. Close the dialog box. 7.

Data for the profile views is created in your active CAD design/drawing file using this command. In InRoads. Creating sheets at this stage of the design allows you see where the sheets will fall along the alignment. plan and profile sheets. 179 . the sheets will always be composed in your current file. The plan view can be referenced from other files. The plan and profile views created are composed in a Host file as reference files or in viewports to your model file if you are using AutoCAD. the Plan and Profile Generator command is designed to assist you in assembling sheets along an alignment. The sheets may be plan sheets only. The Host file contains the title block and border information. Data for the plan views comes from plan view graphics already displayed in your CAD design/drawing file. If you are using AutoCAD.Generating Plan and Profile Sheets Overview Once you have successfully created a horizontal and vertical alignment for the proposed roadway. it is a good time to create initial plan and profile sheets for the project. or profile sheets only.

It is assumed that you know the basics of how to open and manipulate alignments and surfaces (See Chapters 5 through 8 for details or a review).exe. For this chapter the following preferences have been set for you and delivered with InRoads: 1) Plan and Profile Generator dialog box preferences. Note If you did not exit InRoads and the CAD software in a previous chapter.Working with InRoads When the parameters for all the tabs have been set. instead of continuing with the data from previous chapters. the dialog settings can be saved to a preference file that can be loaded in a future design session. It is also assumed that you know the basics of how to set up the parameters for plotting a profile from within InRoads (See Chapter 8. 180 . Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in the C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. and 2) profile preference border cells or blocks.exe and use these data files for Lesson 6. Extract roadlesson6. It’s important that you extract the files in roadlesson6. stop here and exit. Creating Profiles for details).

Click Cancel to dismiss the Open dialog box. Note The cell infra. 7. AutoCAD User’s only.dtm. 8. open plprseed.cel to the design file.dgn.xin. click Load. Then. Select ACAD. Select relocation. open road. Select civilpp_tut. Click Close to dismiss the preferences dialog box. 5. click Preferences. In MicroStation from C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. 4.cel to the design file. then. 3. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. This cell must be attached to both design files. 2. 6. and click Open. On the Main tab of the Plan and Profile Generator dialog box. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. and click Open.dgn and attach infra.dwg located in the \Tutorials\InRoads directory. 3. and click Open. Click File > Open. Select original.alg.cel is located in the \Tutorials\InRoads directory. 2. confirm the following settings: • Horizontal Alignment: baseline • Method 181 . On AutoCAD. Defining and Creating the Views 1.Loading Your Files 1. Click Drafting > Plan and Profile Generator. Attach infra. open road.

00 4.00 Length: 150. Click the Plan Controls tab.Working with InRoads Plan and Profile: on • Plan Views Use Station Limits: on • Sheets Generate Sheets: on VDF Information and Host Files: on • Station Limits Start Station Limits: 10 + 000.00 Stop Station Limits: 11 + 600. and confirm the following settings: 182 .

• Seed View Name: baseline • Width Left: -35 (in model units. This field lets you specify the number of chords on each side of the alignment view. meters). If you want to show data on only one side of the alignment make both widths positive or both of them negative. 183 . AutoCAD views will be rectangular view ports. to extend the clipping boundary beyond the start and stop station of each view.Note The plan controls determine how much of the plan will be shown to the left and right of the alignment. meters) • Overlap: 10 (in model units. This distance is measured before and after the start and stop station. • Boundary Chords: 6. Increasing the number of chords produces a smoother edge on the clipping boundary along curves. meters) • Width Right: 35 (in model units. respectively. Left widths should be negative and right widths should be positive. the Boundary Chords field is not available for this CAD system.

Click the Model Files button.dgn. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. Select road. 184 . 7. Click Open.dwg or road. 6.Working with InRoads 5.

185 . • Seed View Name: baseline • Set Name: baseline • Profile Preference: default • Vertical Alignment: None The surfaces that are highlighted and the vertical alignment that is chosen will be used to determine window clearances. and confirm the following settings: Note The profile height is in elevation axis units.8. Important Note The profile views always use the current design file as the model file. The surfaces that are checked (X) will be drawn in the profile. Click the Profile Controls tab.

• Horizontal Spacing Left to Left: on Distance: 400 • Vertical Spacing Bottom to Bottom: on Distance: 100 186 . meters) Left: 16 (in model units.Working with InRoads • Surface: original (highlighted and checked) • Profile Elevation Shifts Shift Where Needed: on • Profile Height: 12 • Profiles per Column: 1 • Margins Top: 3 (in model units. axis annotation) outside the profile window (axes). meters) Note These margins are placed around the profile or window and extend the clipping boundary for the profile view. the created view will not show any graphics (for example. If you set these margin values to zero. meters) Right: 3 (in model units. meters) Bottom: 12 (in model units.

Click the Sheet Layout tab.dgn • Seed Host File: plprseed.dgn Note If necessary. click Browse to locate these files in the \Tutorials\InRoads directory where you installed InRoads. Note AutoCAD user’s skip to Step 10. • Sheet Number: 1 • Name: Plan and Profile 1 • Host File: sheets. confirm the following settings. • Sheet Location Layout along Alignment: on 187 . In MicroStation.9.

Round to Nearest: off • Host File Content All Sheets in One: on • Clipping Boundary Unique Level for Each Sheet: on 10. the coordinates and bearing are preserved. AutoCAD user’s.Working with InRoads This means the borders will be scaled up to fit along the horizontal alignment. Confirm the following settings. click the Sheet Layout tab. • Sheet Number: 1 • Name: Plan and Profile 1 • Sheet Location First Sheet Location X=0 188 .

and confirm the following settings: • Location (Paper Units) Plan X: 0. Click the View Layout tab.620 meters from the Bottom edge of the sheet) Profile X: 0.100 (0.080 (0.100 meters from the Left edge of the sheet) Plan Y: 0. It is normally the same as the sheet scale.620 (0.100 meters from the Left edge of the sheet) Profile Y: 0.Y=0 Sheet per Column = 3 • Horizontal Spacing Right to Left: On Distance: 1 Top to Bottom: On Distance: 1 11.100 (0.080 meters from the Bottom edge of the sheet) • Scale: 1 : 200 (1 meter on paper equals 200 meters in the model) Both the plan and profile view will have the same scale. 189 .

Click the Border and Title tab.Working with InRoads 12. and confirm the following settings: Note Scale is not available in the AutoCAD because the border is placed in paper space at 1:1. • Border Cell/Block: on Name: A0 Level/Layer: 1 Unique Level for Each Cell: on Level/Layer Step: 1 Scale: 200 (1 meter paper units is equivalent to 200 meter model units) 190 .

750 (places the symbol origin 0.750 meters from the bottom edge of the sheet).000 ( places the symbol origin 1 meter from the left edge of the sheet) Y: 0.13. 191 . Click the Symbols and Details tab. and confirm the following settings: • North Arrow Attach: on Cell/Block: NORTHM Scale: 200 (In MicroStation) Scale: 1 (On AutoCAD) • Location in Paper Units X: 1.

15.Working with InRoads 14. Click the Match Lines tab.ss 192 . For Station format. select s+sss.

A suffix has been provided for the lesson.Symbology settings for the sheets were previously prepared for this lesson. the To Clipping Boundary is option is on. 193 . click Plan Start Station. • Under Object. • Under Object. This indicates that the match line will extend up to the clipping boundary. • Under Object. You can add a prefix or suffix to the previous sheet. You can add a stop station prefix or suffix to the stop station. Notice that you can add a prefix or suffix to the start station. click Plan Stop Station. click Plan Next Sheet. Notice to the right under Extend. click Plan Line. click Plan Prev Sheet. You can add a prefix or suffix to the next sheet. • Under Object. • Under Object.

18. At the prompt: Identify location. Take a moment to click through the Profile symbology settings. 16. Note For AutoCAD User’s. These views are used to define the start and stop stations for the profile view definitions. Click the Sheet Index tab. Individual 194 . Object Snaps (OSNAP) must be toggled off before executing the plan and profile generator. identify a location in the design/drawing for the profiles. 17.Working with InRoads All of these options are also available for each of the Profile symbology object settings. Click Apply. Horizontal alignment view definitions are created.

Your are currently in the sheets. The highlighted sheet is displayed in the view. 195 . you are now in sheets. Click Show Sheet to display the highlighted sheet in the Sheet Index list. The first sheet is displayed. In MicroStation.dgn design file. 20.dgn.profiles are cut and placed in the current CAD file using the profile view definitions. 19.

Uncollapse the Plan and Profile Generator dialog box. type relocation. and click Save then Cancel. and click Save then Cancel. or continue to the next chapter: Evaluating the Design 196 .Working with InRoads 21. In MicroStation. On AutoCAD. 1. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. Do not dismiss the dialog box. 2. Saving the VDF You can save the view definitions to an ASCII file and then load this file during subsequent design sessions. 5. for File Name. 3. Take a few minutes to view the plan and profile sheets. type relocationACAD. Click Close to dismiss the Plan and Profile Generator dialog box. Click Save As on the Sheet Index tab. Change to the tutorial directory. 4. for File Name.

Evaluating the Design Overview In this chapter. you will compute the volume of earth required to build a road. Volume Computation Methods The triangle volume method is the most precise volume calculation method available in InRoads. with each method supporting compaction and expansion factors. This method results in the exact mathematical volume between two DTMs: not an estimation of volume. fill. To compute volumes using this 197 . During processing. but generally takes longer to process. and computes the cut or fill volume within each grid cell. it projects proposed surface triangles onto the original surface to form three-sided columns of volume. The grid volume method overlays a rectangular grid network on top of the design and original DTMs. The third volume method uses the traditional end-area volume method. InRoads provides three independent algorithms for computing cut. You control the dimensions of each grid cell (grid density) and thus the accuracy of the volume computations. and net volumes.

dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. Select relocation. and net volumes from the cross sections. 198 .dgn. 6.xin.exe.dtm.pdf” document. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road. This is the method you will use in this lesson. Select original. 2.9\Sample Data” directory. The Roadway Designer Tutorial is located in the “C:\Program Files\Bentley\InRoads Group V8. the road_ref.Working with InRoads method. Before Getting Started Since the roadway design commands are covered separately in the “InRoadsRoadwayDesignerTutorialV89. Extract roadlesson7. you first extract and display two or more cross sections in the drawing file. and click Open.alg. Open road. and click Open.dwg file. For MicroStation users only. Click File > Open. 3. and then use the End-Area Volume command to compute cut.dgn. fill. Select civilpp_tut. 4. Loading Your Files 1. this tutorial assumes that the roadway has already been designed. and click Open. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. 5. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. 7.dgn or road. Locate the tutorial data in C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads.

On the Surface tab.dtm. 4. 199 . 5. In order to expedite opening all of the files necessary for the InRoads project. 3. turn on Add and Update for the original and proposed surface 6. turn on Add and Update for the civil preference. and click Open. The project file is simply a text file that lists all the files that will be opened and saved when the RWK file itself is opened and saved. For the Files of type. turn on Add and Update for the relocation project 7. do the following: 1. 9. . Select proposed. Additionally. With each method.Click Save in the Save As dialog. type “relocation. Click OK in the Project Options Dialog 9.rwk”. On the Geometry Project tab. a project (RWK) file can be created to automate the process. The project file can now be used to open and save all the files that were selected. 8.8. Click File > Save As. Click Cancel to dismiss the Open dialog box. Extracting Cross Sections InRoads provides several methods to extract and display cross sections in the drawing file. select Project (*. Creating a Project file. each method allows generation of several detailed ASCII reports. To create the RWK project file. Select the Options button. On the XIN Preferences tab.rwk). 2. For File name:. you have complete control over all the parameters affecting the left and right offsets of the cross section and the format and symbology of the cross section display.

Both surfaces should be selected in the Surface list. 5. type -50. type 50. For the Right Offset.Working with InRoads Before computing the volumes using the end-area method. 4. you must extract and display cross sections along the alignment centerline. 2. type 50. 200 . InRoads lets you set different left and right offset values that define the span of cross sections. click the original box and the proposed box. For the Interval. For Create. Press the TAB key. For the Left Offset. In the Symbology area. 3. The distance along the alignment between extracted cross sections will be 50 meters. 1. Click Evaluation > Cross Section > Create Cross Section. select Window and Data. 6. The cross sections will span 50 meters to the left of the horizontal alignment and 50 meters to the right of the alignment.

You extracted a cross section every 50 meters along the horizontal alignment centerline. On the Source leaf. 11. The cross section shows the site and proposed surfaces. make sure all toggles are turned off. Click Apply. 201 . 10. Click Evaluation > Cross Section > Cross Section Viewer. Verify that the active alignment is baseline. When processing is finished. InRoads extracts and displays the cross sections in the drawing file. you use the cross sections in the drawing file as the source for volume calculations. Later. and place a data point to the right of the perimeter of surface original and above the profile extracted earlier in this tutorial. 9. 8. The cross section matrix is displayed above and to the right of the data point. select Alignment.7. click Close to dismiss the Cross Section dialog box. On the Include leaf.

In the Cross Section Set field. compute volumes using the traditional end-area volume algorithm. On the General Leaf. 202 . 1. Turn on the Create XML Report toggle. InRoads supports the computation of volumes using three different methods. This will format the report and show the cut and fill details for every station. 4. Click Apply InRoads computes cut. Hit Escape to stop. 5. choose the “EndAreaVolume. as well as the data totals. and net volumes using the end-area method. In the left side tree view of the InRoads report browser. Next. Click Evaluation > Volumes > End-Area Volume. Click Run to view all of the cross sections. and generate a detailed report listing station-by-station quantities.Working with InRoads 12.xsl” report located in the evaluation folder. the name baseline is displayed. 3. 13. turn on the original and proposed sufaces. 2. Click Close to dismiss the Cross Section Viewer dialog box. Computing End-Area Volumes As noted in the opening paragraphs of this chapter. Also. an XML report is generated and the InRoads Report Browser is launched in order to view the report using the desired format. fill. The results are drawn into the design file. This name identifies the group of cross sections just generated for alignment baseline.

dgn or road. 9. you generated a volume report. 7. You computed end-area volumes between the proposed and original surfaces. Close all dialog boxes.dwg. Also. Close the Report Browser and view the data written to the drawing file. 203 . 8. Click File > Exit and then exit your CAD software. From the CAD menu.6. save road. or continue to the last chapter: Generating Final Plan Sheets.

view the final plan and profile sheets for a relocation project. In the topic Generating Plan and Profile Sheets. Before Getting Started Locate the tutorial data in C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. typical sections have been generated.dwg file. 2.Working with InRoads Sheets Overview Generating Final Plan In this final chapter. and the design has been evaluated the design. In this last task. For 204 .exe. Go to Start>Programs>Bentley>InRoads Group XM and load the product “InRoads”. If you have completed the entire tutorial. From C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads open the road.dgn or road. a roadway has been defined and modeled. view the final plan and profile sheets for a proposed roadway. Extract roadlesson8. Loading Your Files 1. initial plan sheets were created.

dgn. For Profile Set.dgn file that appears in this directory is a reference file for road. You are currently in the design file sheets. Creating Final Plan and Profile Sheets 1. 9. Open road. 2. 8.dgn. 5. Set the directory to C:\Program Files\Bentley\Tutorials\InRoads. 5. 6. select Display On. Click Evaluation>Profile>Update Profile. 3. For Mode. Select relocation.vdf (relocationACAD. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box. 7. 4.MicroStation users only. Highlight the Proposed surface and click Apply. Click Drafting > Plan and Profile Generator.rwk. 4.dgn. 6. 205 . Click File > Open. Click the Open to locate relocation. Select and highlight a sheet. This will update the profiles to show the proposed surface. Click the Sheet Index tab. Click the Show Sheet button. 3. Review the remaining sheets.vdf on AutoCAD). select the set that contains the multiple profiles created in the previous chapter. and click Open. the road_ref. Note that the profiles now have the proposed surface displayed as well as the existing. Click Cancel to dismiss the dialog box.

From AutoCAD.dgn. 11.Working with InRoads 10.dgn or road. From the MicroStation menu. save the road. 206 . reopen road.dwg. 13. return to model space. Click File > Exit from the CAD menu to exit InRoads. From the CAD menu. Uncollapse and Close the Plan and Profile Generator dialog box. 12.