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ͮ sLJĂƚƚĂ^LJƐƚĞŵ 

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ
Z&ZE'h/
&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ
^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ

sLJĂƚƚĂ
^ƵŝƚĞϮϬϬ
ϭϯϬϭ^ŚŽƌĞǁĂLJZŽĂĚ 
ĞůŵŽŶƚ͕ϵϰϬϬϮ
ǀLJĂƚƚĂ͘ĐŽŵ
ϲϱϬϰϭϯϳϮϬϬ
ϭϴϴϴszddϭ;h^ĂŶĚĂŶĂĚĂͿ

KWzZ/',d 
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sLJĂƚƚĂƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚƚŽŵĂŬĞĐŚĂŶŐĞƐƚŽƐŽĨƚǁĂƌĞ͕ŚĂƌĚǁĂƌĞ͕ĂŶĚĚŽĐƵŵĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶǁŝƚŚŽƵƚŶŽƚŝĐĞ͘&ŽƌƚŚĞŵŽƐƚƌĞĐĞŶƚǀĞƌƐŝŽŶŽĨ
ĚŽĐƵŵĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ͕ǀŝƐŝƚƚŚĞsLJĂƚƚĂǁĞďƐŝƚĞĂƚǀLJĂƚƚĂ͘ĐŽŵ͘

WZKWZ/dZzEKd/^
sLJĂƚƚĂŝƐĂƌĞŐŝƐƚĞƌĞĚƚƌĂĚĞŵĂƌŬŽĨsLJĂƚƚĂ͕/ŶĐ͘
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yĞŶ^ĞƌǀĞƌ͕ĂŶĚyĞŶĞŶƚĞƌĂƌĞƚƌĂĚĞŵĂƌŬƐŽĨŝƚƌŝdž^LJƐƚĞŵƐ͕/ŶĐ͘ 
ůůŽƚŚĞƌƚƌĂĚĞŵĂƌŬƐĂƌĞƚŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŽĨƚŚĞŝƌƌĞƐƉĞĐƚŝǀĞŽǁŶĞƌƐ͘
Z>^d͗&ĞďƌƵĂƌLJϮϬϭϭ 
KhDEdZs/^/KE͘Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ
Z>^t/d,͗Zϲ͘Ϯ͘Ϭ
WZdEK͘ϬͲϬϮϭϱͲϭϬͲϬϬϭϬ

iii

dĂďůĞŽĨŽŶƚĞŶƚƐ

YƵŝĐŬZĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƚŽŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ǀ
YƵŝĐŬ>ŝƐƚŽĨdžĂŵƉůĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ǀŝ
WƌĞĨĂĐĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ǀŝŝŝ
/ŶƚĞŶĚĞĚƵĚŝĞŶĐĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ ŝdž
KƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƚŝŽŶŽĨdŚŝƐ'ƵŝĚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ ŝdž 
ŽĐƵŵĞŶƚŽŶǀĞŶƚŝŽŶƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ dž
sLJĂƚƚĂWƵďůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ džŝ 

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ ϭ
&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯ
ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰ
ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϱ
ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϲ
ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϳ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϴ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϵ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϰŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϭ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϮ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϰ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϱ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϳ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϴ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϵ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƐͲŽŶůLJ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϮϬ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϭ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϲŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϮϮ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞďŐƉ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϯ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϰ
ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϱ

 iv ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϲ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϳ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƌŝƉŶŐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϴ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϵ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϬ ƐŚŽǁƚĂďůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϭ ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ ϯϮ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϯ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐKǀĞƌǀŝĞǁ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϯ ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϯ &ůŽĂƚŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϰ ^ŚŽǁŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞZŽƵƚŝŶŐdĂďůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϱ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϱ sĞƌŝĨLJƚŚĂƚ/Wǀϲ&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŝƐŶĂďůĞĚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϲ ĚĚƚŚĞĞĨĂƵůƚ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϳ ĚĚĂ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϴ ŽŶĨŝƌŵŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϴ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϬ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞх͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϭ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфĞƚŚdžх ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϯ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϱ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϳ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϵ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϱϭ 'ůŽƐƐĂƌLJŽĨĐƌŽŶLJŵƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ ϱϯ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

v YƵŝĐŬZĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƚŽŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ Use this section to help you quickly locate a command. ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϱ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϲ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϳ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞх ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϭ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфĞƚŚdžх͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϯ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϱ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϳ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϰϵ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϱϭ ƐŚŽǁŝƉĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϴ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϵ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϰŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϭ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϮ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϰ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϱ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϳ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϴ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϵ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƐͲŽŶůLJ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϮϬ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϭ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϲŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϮϮ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞďŐƉ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϯ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϰ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϱ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϲ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϳ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƌŝƉŶŐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϴ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘Ϯϵ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϬ ƐŚŽǁƚĂďůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϭ .

džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐ/WĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐƐƚĂƚƵƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϴ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϮ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞZ/ĂŶĚ&/ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϵ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϯ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƐƉĞĐŝĨŝĐĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϬ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϰ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐǁŝƚŚůŽŶŐĞƌƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϭ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϱ >ŝƐƚŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϮ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϲ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϯ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϳ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚƌŽƵƚĞƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϰ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϴ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞ&/ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϱ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϵ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞ&/͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϲ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϬ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞƐ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϳ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϭ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϴ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϮ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĂƐƵŵŵĂƌLJŽĨƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϭϵ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϯ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϮϬ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϰ ͞ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͗͟ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĂƐƵŵŵĂƌLJŽĨ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϬ džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϱ ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƚŚĞƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϭ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϭ ƌĞĂƚŝŶŐĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϰ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϮ ^ŚŽǁŝŶŐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϱ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϯ ĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞŝĨĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŝƐĞŶĂďůĞĚŽŶZϭ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϲ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϰ ŶĂďůĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϲ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϱ ĚĚƚŚĞĚĞĨĂƵůƚƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϰ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϳ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϲ ĚĚĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϮ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϴ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϳ ŽŶĨŝƌŵĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJďĞƚǁĞĞŶZϮĂŶĚZϰ ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϵ džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϴ ŽŶĨŝƌŵĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJďĞƚǁĞĞŶZϮĂŶĚZϰǀŝĂZϭ͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘͘ϯϵ .vi YƵŝĐŬ>ŝƐƚŽĨdžĂŵƉůĞƐ Use this list to help you locate examples you’d like to try or look at.

 

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ

vii

Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ

sLJĂƚƚĂ

viii

WƌĞĨĂĐĞ

This document describes the various deployment, installation, and upgrade options
for Vyatta software.
This preface provides information about using this guide. The following topics are
presented:

sLJĂƚƚĂ^LJƐƚĞŵ

Intended Audience

Organization of This Guide

Document Conventions

Vyatta Publications

Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ 

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ



/ŶƚĞŶĚĞĚƵĚŝĞŶĐĞ ix

/ŶƚĞŶĚĞĚƵĚŝĞŶĐĞ
This guide is intended for experienced system and network administrators.
Depending on the functionality to be used, readers should have specific knowledge
in the following areas:

Networking and data communications

TCP/IP protocols

General router configuration

Routing protocols

Network administration

Network security

IP services

KƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƚŝŽŶŽĨdŚŝƐ'ƵŝĚĞ
This guide has the following aid to help you find the information you are looking for:

Quick Reference to Commands
Use this list to help you quickly locate commands.

Quick List of Examples
Use this list to help you locate examples you’d like to try or look at.

This guide has the following chapters: 
ŚĂƉƚĞƌ 

ĞƐĐƌŝƉƚŝŽŶ

WĂŐĞ 

ŚĂƉƚĞƌ ϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ

dŚŝƐĐŚĂƉƚĞƌĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞƐĐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ
ĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚďĂƐŝĐƌŽƵƚŝŶŐ͘

ϭ 

ŚĂƉƚĞƌ Ϯ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ

dŚŝƐĐŚĂƉƚĞƌĞdžƉůĂŝŶƐŚŽǁƚŽƐĞƚƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ
ƵƐŝŶŐƚŚĞsLJĂƚƚĂƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘

ϯϮ

'ůŽƐƐĂƌLJŽĨĐƌŽŶLJŵƐ

sLJĂƚƚĂ^LJƐƚĞŵ

ϱϯ

Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ 

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ

Combinations of keys are joined by plus signs (“+”). when mentioned inline.arg... screens. or eth3. and representations of configuration nodes. tZE/E'tĂƌŶŝŶŐƐĂůĞƌƚLJŽƵƚŽƐŝƚƵĂƚŝŽŶƐƚŚĂƚŵĂLJƉŽƐĞĂƚŚƌĞĂƚƚŽƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůƐĂĨĞƚLJ͘ hd/KEĂƵƚŝŽŶƐĂůĞƌƚLJŽƵƚŽƐŝƚƵĂƚŝŽŶƐƚŚĂƚŵŝŐŚƚĐĂƵƐĞŚĂƌŵƚŽLJŽƵƌƐLJƐƚĞŵŽƌĚĂŵĂŐĞƚŽ ĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚ͕ŽƌƚŚĂƚŵĂLJĂĨĨĞĐƚƐĞƌǀŝĐĞ͘ EKdEŽƚĞƐƉƌŽǀŝĚĞŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶLJŽƵŵŝŐŚƚŶĞĞĚƚŽĂǀŽŝĚƉƌŽďůĞŵƐŽƌĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶĞƌƌŽƌƐ͘ This document uses the following typographic conventions.eth3. buttons. Objects in the user interface. bold Commands. as in <Ctrl>+c. such as tabs.. sLJĂƚƚĂ^LJƐƚĞŵ italics An argument or variable where you supply a value. ŽĐƵŵĞŶƚŽŶǀĞŶƚŝŽŶƐ x ŽĐƵŵĞŶƚŽŶǀĞŶƚŝŽŶƐ This guide uses the following advisory paragraphs. eth2. num1–numN A inclusive range of numbers. which means eth0. inclusive. An example is [enable | disable]. eth1.. ‘‘•’ƒ…‡ Examples.] A value that can optionally represent a list of elements (a space-separated list and a comma-separated list.. and panes. command-line output. as follows. <key> A key on your keyboard.argN A range of enumerated values. arg[ arg. and file names. which means 1 through 65535. An example is eth0. An example is 1–65535. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ . arg1. such as <Enter>.. [ key1 | key2] Enumerated options for completing a syntax.] arg[. keywords. respectively). „‘Ž†‘‘•’ƒ…‡ Your input: something you type at a command line.

com and www. To see what documentation is available for your release. sLJĂƚƚĂWƵďůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶƐ xi sLJĂƚƚĂWƵďůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶƐ Full product documentation is provided in the Vyatta technical library.vyatta.org. sLJĂƚƚĂ^LJƐƚĞŵ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ . see the Guide to Vyatta Documentation. Additional information is available on www. This guide is posted with every release of Vyatta software and provides a great starting point for finding the information you need.vyatta.

1 ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ This chapter describes commands for forwarding and basic routing. This chapter presents the following topics: • ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Forwarding and Routing Commands Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 2 &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ This chapter contains the following commands. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ EŽŶĞ KƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ ůĞĂƌƐƉƌĞĨŝdžůŝƐƚƐƚĂƚŝƐƚŝĐƐŽƌƐƚĂƚƵƐ͘ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ &ůƵƐŚĞƐƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ ůĞĂƌƐƉƌĞĨŝdžůŝƐƚƐƚĂƚŝƐƚŝĐƐŽƌƐƚĂƚƵƐ͘ ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ &ůƵƐŚĞƐƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞů/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐƐƚĂƚƵƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƚŽƌĞĚŝŶƚŚĞZ/ĂŶĚ&/͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϰŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐůŽŶŐĞƌƚŚĂŶĂƐƉĞĐŝĨŝĞĚƉƌĞĨŝdž͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐĚŝƌĞĐƚůLJĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƚŽƌĞĚŝŶƚŚĞ&/͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů ŝƐƉůĂLJƐŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƐͲŽŶůLJ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƚŽƌĞĚŝŶƚŚĞZ/ĂŶĚ&/͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϲŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐůŽŶŐĞƌƚŚĂŶĂƐƉĞĐŝĨŝĞĚƉƌĞĨŝdž͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞďŐƉ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/Wǀϲ'WƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞů/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƚŽƌĞĚŝŶƚŚĞ&/͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƌŝƉŶŐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲZ/WŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 3 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͘ ƐŚŽǁƚĂďůĞ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƚŚĞƐLJƐƚĞŵ͛ƐƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ͘ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ipv4net Optional. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Statistics for all prefix-lists are cleared.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 4 ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ Clears prefix list statistics or status. ^LJŶƚĂdž clear ip prefix-list [list-name [ipv4net]] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. Clears statistics for the specified network. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Clears statistics for the specified prefix list. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to clear prefix list statistics or status. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ list-name Optional.

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ^LJŶƚĂdž clear ip route cache [ipv4net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to flush the kernel route cache or a flush a specific route from the cache. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv4net Optional. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Flushes the entire route cache. Flushes the specified route from the kernel route cache.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 5 ĐůĞĂƌŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ Flushes the kernel route cache.

Clears statistics for the specified network. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to clear prefix list statistics or status. ^LJŶƚĂdž clear ipv6 prefix-list [list-name [ipv6net]] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĞĨĂƵůƚ Statistics for all prefix-lists are cleared. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ list-name Optional. Clears statistics for the specified prefix list.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 6 ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƉƌĞĨŝdžͲůŝƐƚ Clears prefix list statistics or status. ipv6net Optional.

hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to flush the kernel IPv6 route cache or a flush a specific route from the cache. ^LJŶƚĂdž clear ipv6 route cache [ipv6net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 7 ĐůĞĂƌŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ Flushes the kernel IPv6 route cache. Flushes the specified route from the kernel IPv6 route cache. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Flushes the entire IPv6 route cache. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv6net Optional.

džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-1 shows how to display the status of IP forwarding. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display the current IP forwarding status. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip forwarding ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 8 ƐŚŽǁŝƉĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐ Displays IP forwarding status. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐ/WĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐƐƚĂƚƵƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’ˆ‘”™ƒ”†‹‰ .

ˆ‘”™ƒ”†‹‰‹•‘ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 9 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞ Displays routes stored in the RIB and FIB. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route [ipv4 | ipv4net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. Displays routing information for the specified prefix. as well as those stored in the Forwarding Information Base (FIB). džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-2 shows how to display routes in the RIB and FIB džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϮŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞZ/ĂŶĚ&/ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡ ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists all routes in the RIB and FIB. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display active prefixes stored in the Routing Information Base (RIB). The routes shown in the FIB can also be seen using show ip route forward command. Displays routing information for the specified address. ipv4net Optional. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv4 Optional.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɥŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɥƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨř‡–Šɥ ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɥƄ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†ř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†ř‡–Šɥ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

128. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϯŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƐƉĞĐŝĨŝĐĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɨ ‘—–‹‰‡–”›ˆ‘”ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɨŵɪɩ ‘™˜‹ƒɑ‘•’ˆɑř†‹•–ƒ…‡ɨɨɥř‡–”‹…ɨɨř„‡•– ƒ•–—’†ƒ–‡ɥɰśɫɮśɥɮƒ‰‘ ƋɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř˜‹ƒ‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .1.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 10 ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɪɩŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɩɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫɬř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɨŵɪɩƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɰŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɪɥŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɪɨŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɩɮŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɯ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†řŽ‘ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɥŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɨŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɪŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɫŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɬŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɭŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɮŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɯŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɰŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫř‡–Šɥřɥɬśɪɬśɨɬ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɥŵɩɬ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†ř‡–Šɨ ʴƋɨɰɩŜɰɫŜɩɥɩŜɥŵɩɫƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɩɮř‡–Šɨ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ Example 1-3 shows information how to display information for the route to address 10.192.

192. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route ipv4net longer-prefixes ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 11 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϰŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ Displays prefixes longer than a specified prefix. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv4net Mandatory. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-4 shows how to list prefixes longer than the prefix 10.0/24. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϰŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐǁŝƚŚůŽŶŐĞƌƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɥŵɩɫŽ‘‰‡”Ş’”‡ˆ‹š‡• ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. Displays all prefixes longer than the specified prefix. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display all prefixes in the Routing Information Base (RIB) that are longer than a given IP address or prefix.128.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɥŵɩɫƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɰśɪɭśɩɥ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɨŵɪɩƃɨɨɥŵɨɨƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭř‡–Šɥřɥɰśɪɭśɩɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists routes in the kernel route cache. Displays kernel route cache information for the specified route. The route cache contains all paths currently in use by the cache. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route cache [ipv4net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-5 shows how to list routes in the kernel route cache. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv4net Optional. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϱ>ŝƐƚŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡…ƒ…Š‡ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř•”…ކ‹”‡…–ʴ—•‡”•ɨƒ‰‡ɫɩ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɬˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫɬ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř…ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɯƒ‰‡ɬ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɭɰŜɬɰŜɨɬɥŜɨɪɨ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɪƒ‰‡ɫɮ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ†‡˜‡–Šɥ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Multiple equal-cost paths are necessary before equal-cost-multi-path (ECMP) routing can be performed. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display information about routes stored in the kernel route cache.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 12 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ Displays the kernel route cache.

0. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϲŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡…ƒ…Š‡ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř•”…ކ‹”‡…–ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɪƒ‰‡ɰ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɭɰŜɬɰŜɨɬɥŜɨɪɨ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɮƒ‰‡ɨɥɩ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɨɥŜɥŜɥŜɪɥ–‘•Ž‘™†‡Žƒ›†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɪɪ‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .1.62 in the kernel route cache.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 13 …ƒ…Š‡—•‡”•ɨƒ‰‡ɫɩ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹–ɭɫ ɨɥŜɥŜɥŜɪɥˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ–‘•Ž‘™†‡Žƒ›˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜‡–Šɥ …ƒ…Š‡—•‡”•ɩƒ‰‡ɥ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹–ɭɫ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɬˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɬɭ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř…ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɯƒ‰‡ɯ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɬˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř…ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɯƒ‰‡ɥ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳ…ʴ—•‡”•ɨƒ‰‡ɩɨ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹–ɭɫ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɬˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř…ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɰƒ‰‡ɨ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ ɭɰŜɬɰŜɨɬɥŜɨɪɨ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜‡–Šɥ•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡—•‡”•ɨƒ‰‡ɫɮ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹–ɭɫ —Ž–‹…ƒ•–ɩɩɫŜɥŜɥŜɬ†‡˜‡–Šɥ•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽř…ʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɯƒ‰‡ɬ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹– ɭɫ ɭɰŜɬɰŜɨɬɥŜɨɪɨˆ”‘ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜‡–Šɥ …ƒ…Š‡—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɨƒ‰‡ɫɮ•‡…–—ɨɬɥɥƒ†˜••ɨɫɭɥŠ‘’Ž‹‹–ɭɫ Ž‘…ƒŽɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩˆ”‘ɨɥŜɥŜɥŜɪɥ–‘•Ž‘™†‡Žƒ›†‡˜Ž‘•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ …ƒ…Š‡ʳŽ‘…ƒŽʴ—•‡”•ɨ—•‡†ɨƒ‰‡ɥ•‡…‹‹ˆ‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ Example 1-6 shows how to display information about route 10.

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 14 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ Displays directly connected routes. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route connected ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-7 shows how to list directly connected routes. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϳŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡…‘‡…–‡† ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display routes directly connected to the local system.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†ř‡–Šɥ ʴƋɨɩɮŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɯ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†řŽ‘ ʴƋɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɥŵɩɬ‹•†‹”‡…–Ž›…‘‡…–‡†ř‡–Šɨ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 15 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ Displays routes stored in the FIB. Multiple equal-cost paths are necessary before equal-cost multi-path (ECMP) routing or WAN load balancing can be performed. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-8 shows how to display routes recorded in the FIB. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display the FIB. The FIB contains multiple equal-cost paths if existed. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route forward [ipv4net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists routes in the FIB. Displays information from the kernel forwarding table for the specified route. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϴŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞ&/ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡ˆ‘”™ƒ”† †‡ˆƒ—Ž–˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘‡”‡Ž•…‘’‡Ž‹•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɪɩŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫɬ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɩɥ ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɯŜɨ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɩɰŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɪɥŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv4net Optional.

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 16 ɨɥŜɨɰɩŜɨɪɨŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɭ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɨŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɪŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɫŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɬŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɭŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɮŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɯŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɰŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ‡–”‹…ɨɨ ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɥŵɩɬ†‡˜‡–Šɨ’”‘–‘‡”‡Ž•…‘’‡Ž‹•”…ɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɩɪ ɨɰɩŜɰɫŜɩɥɩŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɩɮ†‡˜‡–Šɨ’”‘–‘œ‡„”ƒ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ Example 1-9 shows how to display information from the FIB about route 10.1. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϵŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƚŝŽŶĂďŽƵƚĂƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞ&/ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡ˆ‘”™ƒ”†ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɥŵɩɫ†‡˜‡–Šɥ’”‘–‘‡”‡Ž•…‘’‡Ž‹•”…ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɭɩ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .0/24.0.

as in the following: ”‘—–‡ƒ††ސ‡–ɨɥŜɨɮɩŜɩɫŜɥ‡–ƒ•ɩɬɬŜɩɬɬŜɩɬɬŜɥ‰™ɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨ džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-10 shows how to display kernel routes. Kernel routes are routes that have been added through means other than by using the Vyatta CLI. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route kernel ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϬŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐŬĞƌŶĞůƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡‡”‡Ž ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 17 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů Displays kernel routes. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display kernel routes. for example by using the operating system route command.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɨɥŜɨɮɩŜɩɫŜɥŵɩɫ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨř‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display static routes in the Routing Information Base (RIB). džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϭŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡•–ƒ–‹… ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route static ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-11 shows how to list static routes.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 18 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ Displays static routes.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɥŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɥƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨř‡–Šɥ ʴƋɨɰɩŜɰɫŜɩɥɩŜɥŵɩɫƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɩɪɫŜɩɮř‡–Šɨ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route summary ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-12 shows how to display a summary of routes. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϮŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĂƐƵŵŵĂƌLJŽĨƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡•—ƒ”› ‘—–‡‘—”…‡‘—–‡• .ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 19 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ Displays routes summary. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display a summary of the various routes by route source. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None.

 …‘‡…–‡†ɫɫ •–ƒ–‹…ɩɩ ‘•’ˆɨɥ ‡„‰’ɥɥ ‹„‰’ɩɯɰɥɨɭɩɯɰɥɨɨ ŞŞŞŞŞŞ ‘–ƒŽ•ɩɯɰɥɩɪɩɯɰɥɨɮ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϯŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡•—’‡”‡–•Ş‘Ž› ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-13 shows how to list supernet routes.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 20 ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƵƉĞƌŶĞƚƐͲŽŶůLJ Displays supernet routes. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ip route supernets-only ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. Supernet routes are routes that have a subnet mask thatis less specific than the natural classful mask. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display supernet routes.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

”‘—–‡ ʴƋɥŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɥƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɥŜɨŜɥŜɨř‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route [ipv6 | ipv6net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Displays routing information for the specified IPv6 address. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display active IPv6 prefixes stored in the Routing Information Base (RIB).ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 21 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞ Displays IPv6 routes stored in the RIB and FIB. ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists all IPv6 routes in the RIB and FIB. ipv6net Optional. as well as those stored in the Forwarding Information Base (FIB). The routes shown in the FIB can also be seen using show ip route forward command. Displays routing information for the specified IPv6 prefix. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv6 Optional.

Displays all prefixes longer than the specified IPv6 prefix. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route ipv6net longer-prefixes ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv6net Mandatory. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display all prefixes in the Routing Information Base (RIB) that are longer than a given IPv6 address or prefix.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 22 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞфŝƉǀϲŶĞƚхůŽŶŐĞƌͲƉƌĞĨŝdžĞƐ Displays IPv6 prefixes longer than a specified prefix.

ĞĨĂƵůƚ None.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 23 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞďŐƉ Displays IPv6 BGP routes. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display IPv6 BGP routes. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route bgp ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 24 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐĂĐŚĞ Displays the kernel IPv6 route cache. The route cache contains all paths currently in use by the cache. Displays kernel IPv6 route cache information for the specified route. Multiple equal-cost paths are necessary before equal-cost-multi-path (ECMP) routing can be performed. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists routes in the kernel IPv6 route cache. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display information about routes stored in the kernel IPv6 route cache. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route cache [ipv6net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv6net Optional.

^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route connected ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 25 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ Displays IPv6 connected routes. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display IPv6 routes directly connected to the local system.

hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display the FIB. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route forward [ipv6net] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. Multiple equal-cost paths are necessary before equal-cost multi-path (ECMP) routing or WAN load balancing can be performed. Displays information from the kernel forwarding table for the specified IPv6 route. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ ipv6net Optional. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĞĨĂƵůƚ Lists IPv6 routes in the FIB.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 26 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ Displays IPv6 routes stored in the FIB. The FIB contains multiple equal-cost paths if existed.

WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route kernel ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display IPv6 kernel routes.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 27 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞŬĞƌŶĞů Displays IPv6 kernel routes. Kernel routes are routes that have been added through means other than by using the Vyatta CLI.

ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display IPv6 RIPng routes. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 28 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƌŝƉŶŐ Displays IPv6 RIPng routes. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route ripng ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode.

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route static ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display IPv6 static routes in the Routing Information Base (RIB).ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 29 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ Displays IPv6 static routes.

ĞĨĂƵůƚ None.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 30 ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ Displays IPv6 routes summary. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. ^LJŶƚĂdž show ipv6 route summary ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-14 shows a summary of IPv6 routes. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϰ͞ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƵŵŵĂƌLJ͗͟ŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐĂƐƵŵŵĂƌLJŽĨ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’˜ɭ”‘—–‡•—ƒ”› ‘—–‡‘—”…‡‘—–‡• . hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display a summary of the various IPv6 routes by route source.

 …‘‡…–‡†ɫɫ •–ƒ–‹…ɩɩ ŞŞŞŞŞŞ ‘–ƒŽ• ɭ ɭ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϭ͗&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐ &ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐĂŶĚZŽƵƚŝŶŐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 31 ƐŚŽǁƚĂďůĞ Displays the system’s routing table. ^LJŶƚĂdž show table ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Operational mode. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to display the system’s routing table. WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ None. džĂŵƉůĞϭͲϭϱŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶŐƚŚĞƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ•Š‘™–ƒ„Ž‡ –ƒ„Ž‡ɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒ˜›ƒ––ƒśɌɛ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . džĂŵƉůĞƐ Example 1-15 shows how to display the routing table.

32 ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ This chapter explains how to set static routes using the Vyatta system. This chapter presents the following topics: ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ • Static Route Configuration • Static IPv6 Route Configuration • Static Route Commands Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

The collection of all routes the router has learned from its configuration or from its dynamic routing protocols is stored in its Routing Information Base (RIB). cannot be updated dynamically from information the Vyatta system learns about the network topology. In general. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .0.26”. in effect. a static route is created that says. or to override the behavior of a dynamic routing protocol for a small number of routes.0. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ In this example. the system will be configured as shown in Figure 2-1. When you are finished. the router will remove routes.0.0/8 network should be forwarded to 172. In this example. in general.16.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 33 ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ This section presents the following topics: • Static Routes Overview • Configuring Static Routes • Floating Static Routes • Showing Static Routes in the Routing Table ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐKǀĞƌǀŝĞǁ A static route is a manually configured route. if a link fails. including static routes. which. Unicast routes are directly used to determine the forwarding table used for unicast packet forwarding. a sample configurations are presented for basic static routes. from the Routing Information Base (RIB) that used this interface to reach the next hop. static routes should only be used for very simple network topologies. “any packets destined for the 11. However.

0.0.0.0.0/24 This section includes the following examples: • Example 2-1 Creating a static route Example 2-1 creates a static route to network 11.0/24 eth0 172. perform the following steps in configuration mode: džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϭƌĞĂƚŝŶŐĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ ƌĞĂƚĞĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƚŽZϮ͘ vyatta@R1# set protocols static route 11.0.26 R1 10.0/8 next-hop 172.16.0.16.16.0.0.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 34 &ŝŐƵƌĞϮͲϭ^ƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ R2 11.0. A “floating” static route is a static route with an administrative distance greater than that for dynamic routes.0.16.0.26 ŽŵŵŝƚƚŚĞĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ͘ vyatta@R1# commit &ůŽĂƚŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ Usually.65 Static Route Destination: 11. and usually shorter than the administrative distances for dynamic (learned) routes.0/8 eth0 172.26 172 .0.0.0/8 directed towards 172. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .16. static routes have a relatively short administrative distance—typically 1. To create a static route.40.26.10.0/8 Next-Hop: 172 .16.0.

which can be forwarded through the static route as an alternate path. ^ŚŽǁŝŶŐ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞZŽƵƚŝŶŐdĂďůĞ To display route information. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϮ^ŚŽǁŝŶŐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒɨśɌɛ•Š‘™‹’”‘—–‡•–ƒ–‹… ‘†‡•śŞ‡”‡Ž”‘—–‡řŞ…‘‡…–‡†řŞ•–ƒ–‹…řŞ. use the show ip route static filter. At the same time.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 35 You can configure a static route to be a floating route by setting the administrative distance higher than the distance applied to the routes in your dynamic routing protocol. as shown in Example 2-2. This renders the static route less desirable than a dynamic route. To show just static routes. use the show ip route command. the static route is available to take over traffic. if the dynamic route is lost.

řŞ ř .

Ş.

.

řŞ řʴŞ•‡Ž‡…–‡†”‘—–‡řƋŞ .

ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .”‘—–‡ ʴƋɨɨŜɥŜɥŜɥŵɯƃɨŵɥƄ˜‹ƒɨɮɩŜɨɭŜɥŜɩɭř‡–Šɥ ˜›ƒ––ƒɒɨśɌɛ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ Figure 2-2 shows an IPv6 network with three nodes. In this example we will show configuration of the nodes using static routes to enable R2 and R4 to communicate via R1.

as is the case in Example 2-3.e.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 36 &ŝŐƵƌĞϮͲϮ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲƌŽƵƚŝŶŐĞdžĂŵƉůĞ R4 eth0 2001:db8:1::4 2001:db8:1::/64 2001:db8:1::1 eth0 R1 R2 eth2 2001:db8:2::1 eth0 2001 :db8:2::2 2001:db8:2::/64 sĞƌŝĨLJƚŚĂƚ/Wǀϲ&ŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŝƐŶĂďůĞĚ In order for R1 to be able to pass data between interfaces eth0 and eth2 (i. perform the following steps in configuration mode. between R4 and R2) it must be configured to enable forwarding. perform the following step in operational mode. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϯĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞŝĨĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŝƐĞŶĂďůĞĚŽŶZϭ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ ŝƐƉůĂLJƚŚĞƐƚĂƚĞŽĨ/Wǀϲ ĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ͘ vyatta@R1:~$ show ipv6 forwarding ipv6 forwarding is off If forwarding is not enabled. the system must be configured to enable forwarding. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϰŶĂďůĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ ŶĂďůĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ͘ vyatta@R1# delete system ipv6 disable-forwarding ŽŵŵŝƚƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐĞ͘ vyatta@R1# commit ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . To determine if forwarding is enabled. To enable forwarding.

eth0 ff00::/8 is directly connected.static. perform the following steps in configuration mode. O . eth0 Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .connected. I . S . B . R RIPng.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 37 džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϰŶĂďůĞĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ ŚĂŶŐĞƚŽŽƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůŵŽĚĞ vyatta@R1# exit exit vyatta@R1:~$ ŝƐƉůĂLJƚŚĞƐƚĂƚĞŽĨ/Wǀϲ ĨŽƌǁĂƌĚŝŶŐŽŶZϭ͘ vyatta@R1:~$ show ipv6 forwarding ipv6 forwarding is on ĚĚƚŚĞĞĨĂƵůƚ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞ On R4.FIB route. To configure the default route. C . * . eth0 fe80::/64 is directly connected. lo 2001:db8:1::/64 is directly connected. eth1 fe80::/64 is directly connected.ISIS. all traffic that is not routed elsewhere will be sent to R1. eth0 ::1/128 is directly connected.BGP.OSPFv3. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϱĚĚƚŚĞĚĞĨĂƵůƚƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϰ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ ĚĚƚŚĞĚĞĨĂƵůƚƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϰ͘ vyatta@R4# set protocols static route6 ::/0 next-hop 2001:db8:1::1 ŽŵŵŝƚƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐĞ͘ vyatta@R4# commit ŚĂŶŐĞƚŽŽƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůŵŽĚĞ͘ vyatta@R4# exit exit vyatta@R4:~$ sĞƌŝĨLJƚŚĞĚĞĨĂƵůƚƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞ ƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ͘ vyatta@R4:~$ show ipv6 route Codes: K . S>* C>* C>* C * C>* K>* ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ ::/0 [1/0] via 2001:db8:1::1.kernel route.

C . eth1 fe80::/64 is directly connected. R RIPng. use the ping6 command. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϲĚĚĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϮ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ ĚĚĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞŽŶZϮ͘ vyatta@R1# set protocols static route6 2001:db8:1::/64 next-hop 2001:db8:2::1 ŽŵŵŝƚƚŚĞĐŚĂŶŐĞ͘ vyatta@R1# ŚĂŶŐĞƚŽŽƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůŵŽĚĞ͘ vyatta@R1# exit exit vyatta@R2:~$ sĞƌŝĨLJƚŚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞŝŶƚŚĞ ƌŽƵƚŝŶŐƚĂďůĞ͘ vyatta@R2:~$ show ipv6 route Codes: K . eth0 ff00::/8 is directly connected. * . ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . eth0 fe80::/64 is directly connected.static. O .ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 38 ĚĚĂ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞ As an alternative to the default route we created on R4.ISIS. perform the following steps in configuration mode. we’ll create a static route on R2. To confirm connectivity between R2 and R4. S .OSPFv3. lo 2001:db8:1::/64 [1/0] via 2001:db8:2::1. eth0 ŽŶĨŝƌŵŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ To confirm that R2 and R4 can communicate.FIB route. C>* S>* C>* C * C>* K>* commit ::1/128 is directly connected. B . eth0 2001:db8:2::/64 is directly connected. I .kernel route.BGP. To configure a static route to the 2001:db8:1::/64 network.connected. perform the following step in operational mode.

0% packet loss.382 ms ^C --.2001:db8:1::4 ping statistics --2 packets transmitted.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐ/WǀϲZŽƵƚĞŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ 39 džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϳŽŶĨŝƌŵĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJďĞƚǁĞĞŶZϮĂŶĚZϰ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ WŝŶŐZϰĨƌŽŵZϮ͘ vyatta@R2:~$ ping6 2001:db8:1::4 PING 2001:db8:1::4(2001:db8:1::4) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2001:db8:1::4: icmp_seq=1 ttl=63 time=5.65 ms 64 bytes from 2001:db8:1::4: icmp_seq=2 ttl=63 time=0. perform the following step in operational mode. use traceroute6 to verify that the goes from R2 to R1 to R4.092 ms 2 (2001:db8:1::4) 4.148 ms 4.448 ms 4. 40 byte packets 1 (2001:db8:2::1) 4.382/3.016/5.650/2.306 ms 4. time 1011ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.297 ms 4. To confirm connectivity between R2 and R4 through R1 using traceroute6. džĂŵƉůĞϮͲϴŽŶĨŝƌŵĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŝǀŝƚLJďĞƚǁĞĞŶZϮĂŶĚZϰǀŝĂZϭ ^ƚĞƉ ŽŵŵĂŶĚ dƌĂĐĞƚŚĞƌŽƵƚĞĨƌŽŵZϮƚŽZϰ͘ vyatta@R2:~$ traceroute6 2001:db8:1::4 traceroute to 2001:db8:1::4 (2001:db8:1::4).634 ms As an alternative. 30 hops max.308 ms ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . 2 received.

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 40 ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ This chapter contains the following commands. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚх ŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞх ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞƚŚĞŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞĨŽƌĂŶ ŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲďĂƐĞĚƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚх ŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфĞƚŚdžх ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞƚŚĞŶĞdžƚŚŽƉŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞĨŽƌĂŶ ŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲďĂƐĞĚ/WǀϲƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞĂ͞ďůĂĐŬͲŚŽůĞ͟ƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞƚŚĞŶĞdžƚŚŽƉĨŽƌĂƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞĂďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ/WǀϲƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉ фĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх ůůŽǁƐLJŽƵƚŽĐŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĞƚŚĞŶĞdžƚŚŽƉĨŽƌĂŶ/WǀϲƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞ͘ KƉĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ ƐŚŽǁŝƉƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘^ĞĞƉĂŐĞ ϭϴ͘ ƐŚŽǁŝƉǀϲƌŽƵƚĞƐƚĂƚŝĐ ŝƐƉůĂLJƐ/WǀϲƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞƐ͘^ĞĞƉĂŐĞ ϭϴ͘ ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

You can define multiple interface-based routes by creating multiple interface-route configuration nodes. Defines an interface-based static route. The format is a destination subnet of the form address/prefix. ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static interface-route subnet next-hop-interface interface [disable | distance distance] delete protocols static interface-route subnet next-hop-interface interface [disable | distance] show protocols static interface-route subnet next-hop-interface interface [disable | distance] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . interface ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Mandatory. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡Ş”‘—–‡•—„‡–Ƈ ‡š–ŞŠ‘’Ş‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡Ƈ †‹•ƒ„Ž‡ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 41 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚх ŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞх Allows you to configure the next-hop interface for an interface-based static route. Multi-node. The next-hop interface.

Use the set form of this command to specify the next-hop interface for the route. Use the show form of this command to view the next-hop interface for the route. Sets the next-hop distance for this route. Routes with a smaller distance are selected before those with a larger distance. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. The range is 1 to 255. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Use the delete form of this command to remove the next-hop interface. The default is 1.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 42 disable Disables the interface-based static route. distance Optional. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure interface-based static routes on the router.

Multi-node. The format is a destination subnet of the form IPv6-address/prefix.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 43 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞͲƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚх ŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉͲŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞфĞƚŚdžх Allows you to configure the next hop interface for an interface-based IPv6 static route. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡Ş”‘—–‡ɭ•—„‡–Ƈ ‡š–ŞŠ‘’Ş‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡‡–ŠšƇ †‹•ƒ„Ž‡ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory. ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static interface-route6 subnet next-hop-interface ethx [disable | distance distance] delete protocols static interface-route6 subnet next-hop-interface ethx [disable | distance] show protocols static interface-route6 subnet next-hop-interface ethx [disable | distance] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Defines an interface-based static route. The next hop Ethernet interface. ethx ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Mandatory. You can define multiple interface-based routes by creating multiple interface-route6 configuration nodes.

Routes with a smaller distance are selected before those with a larger distance. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure interface-based IPv6 static routes on the system. Defines the next-hop distance for this route. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Use the delete form of this command to remove the next hop interface.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 44 disable Disables the interface-based IPv6 static route. distance Optional. Use the show form of this command to view the next hop interface for the route. Use the set form of this command to specify the next hop interface for the route.

The range is 1 to 255. distance ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Optional. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static route subnet blackhole [distance distance] delete protocols static route subnet blackhole [distance] show protocols static route subnet blackhole [distance] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. Routes with a smaller distance are selected before those with a larger distance. The format is a destination subnet of the form address/prefix.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 45 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ Allows you to configure a “black-hole” static route. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ”‘—–‡•—„‡–Ƈ „Žƒ…Š‘Ž‡Ƈ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory. Defines the black-hole distance for this route. The default is 1. Multi-node. You can define multiple static routes by creating multiple route configuration nodes. Defines a static route.

Use the show form of this command to view black-hole route configuration.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 46 ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. Use the delete form of this command to remove a black-hole route. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure a “black-hole” static route on the router. A black-hole route is a route for which the system silently discard packets that are matched. Use the set form of this command to set a black-hole route.

The format is a destination subnet of the form address/prefix. ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static route subnet next-hop address [disable | distance distance] delete protocols static route subnet next-hop address [disable | distance] show protocols static route subnet next-hop address [disable | distance] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ address Mandatory. Multi-node. disable Disables the static route. Defines a static route. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ”‘—–‡•—„‡–Ƈ ‡š–ŞŠ‘’ƒ††”‡••Ƈ †‹•ƒ„Ž‡ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory. You can define multiple static routes by creating multiple route configuration nodes. The address of the next-hop router. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 47 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх Allows you to configure the next hop for a static route.

Use the set form of this command to specify the next hop for the route. Defines the next-hop distance for this route. Use the delete form of this command to remove the static route next hop. The range is 1 to 255. Use the show form of this command to view static route next-hop configuration. hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure static routes on the router.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ distance ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 48 Optional. The default is 1. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. Routes with a smaller distance are selected before those with a larger distance.

ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 49 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхďůĂĐŬŚŽůĞ Allows you to configure a blackhole IPv6 static route. Defines the blackhole distance for this route. You can define multiple static routes by creating multiple route configuration nodes. ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static route6 subnet blackhole [distance distance] delete protocols static route6 subnet blackhole [distance] show protocols static route6 subnet blackhole [distance] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. Routes with a smaller distance will be selected before those with a larger distance. Multi-node. The format is a destination subnet of the form IPv6-address/prefix. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ”‘—–‡ɭ•—„‡–Ƈ „Žƒ…Š‘Ž‡Ƈ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory. distance Optional. Defines an IPv6 static route. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

A blackhole route silently discards packets that are matched. Use the delete form of this command to remove a blackhole IPv6 static route.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 50 hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure a blackhole IPv6 static route. Use the show form of this command to view blackhole IPv6 static route configuration. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . Use the set form of this command to specify a blackhole IPv6 static route.

Defines an IPv6 static route. ^LJŶƚĂdž set protocols static route6 subnet next-hop address [disable | distance distance | interface interface] delete protocols static route6 subnet next-hop address [disable | distance | interface] show protocols static route6 subnet next-hop address [disable | distance | interface] ŽŵŵĂŶĚDŽĚĞ Configuration mode. The IPv6 address of the next hop router. Multi-node. disable Disable the IPv6 static route. Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ . ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ address Mandatory. ŽŶĨŝŐƵƌĂƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ ’”‘–‘…‘Ž•Ƈ •–ƒ–‹…Ƈ ”‘—–‡ɭ•—„‡–Ƈ ‡š–ŞŠ‘’ƒ††”‡••Ƈ †‹•ƒ„Ž‡ †‹•–ƒ…‡†‹•–ƒ…‡ ‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡‹–‡”ˆƒ…‡ ƈ ƈ ƈ ƈ WĂƌĂŵĞƚĞƌƐ subnet Mandatory.ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 51 ƉƌŽƚŽĐŽůƐƐƚĂƚŝĐƌŽƵƚĞϲфƐƵďŶĞƚхŶĞdžƚͲŚŽƉфĂĚĚƌĞƐƐх Allows you to configure the next hop for an IPv6 static route. The format is a destination subnet of the form IPv6-address/prefix. You can define multiple static routes by creating multiple route6 configuration nodes.

Use the delete form of this command to remove the static route next hop. Use the set form of this command to specify the next hop for the route. The outgoing interface used to reach the next-hop address. ĞĨĂƵůƚ None. Use the show form of this command to view static route next hop configuration. it has a fe80::/64 prefix). hƐĂŐĞ'ƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ Use this command to configure IPv6 static routes on the system. This is necessary when the next-hop address is a link-local address (that is. Routes with a smaller distance will be selected before those with a larger distance. ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .ŚĂƉƚĞƌϮ͗^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞƐ ^ƚĂƚŝĐZŽƵƚĞŽŵŵĂŶĚƐ 52 distance Optional. interface Optional. Defines the next-hop distance for this route.

53 'ůŽƐƐĂƌLJŽĨĐƌŽŶLJŵƐ ACL access control list ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line API Application Programming Interface AS autonomous system ARP Address Resolution Protocol BGP Border Gateway Protocol BIOS Basic Input Output System BPDU Bridge Protocol Data Unit CA certificate authority CCMP AES in counter mode with CBC-MAC CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol CLI command-line interface DDNS dynamic DNS DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCPv6 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol version 6 DLCI data-link connection identifier DMI desktop management interface DMZ demilitarized zone DN distinguished name DNS Domain Name System .

 54 DSCP Differentiated Services Code Point DSL Digital Subscriber Line eBGP external BGP EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol ECMP equal-cost multipath ESP Encapsulating Security Payload FIB Forwarding Information Base FTP File Transfer Protocol GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation HDLC High-Level Data Link Control I/O Input/Ouput ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol IDS Intrusion Detection System IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IGP Interior Gateway Protocol IPS Intrusion Protection System IKE Internet Key Exchange IP Internet Protocol IPOA IP over ATM IPsec IP security IPv4 IP Version 4 IPv6 IP Version 6 ISP Internet Service Provider L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol LAN local area network ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

 55 LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol LLDP Link Layer Discovery Protocol MAC medium access control MIB Management Information Base MLPPP multilink PPP MRRU maximum received reconstructed unit MTU maximum transmission unit NAT Network Address Translation ND Neighbor Discovery NIC network interface card NTP Network Time Protocol OSPF Open Shortest Path First OSPFv2 OSPF Version 2 OSPFv3 OSPF Version 3 PAM Pluggable Authentication Module PAP Password Authentication Protocol PAT Port Address Translation PCI peripheral component interconnect PKI Public Key Infrastructure PPP Point-to-Point Protocol PPPoA PPP over ATM PPPoE PPP over Ethernet PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol PVC permanent virtual circuit QoS quality of service RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

 56 RIB Routing Information Base RIP Routing Information Protocol RIPng RIP next generation Rx receive SLAAC Stateless Address Auto-Configuration SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SONET Synchronous Optical Network SSH Secure Shell SSID Service Set Identifier STP Spanning Tree Protocol TACACS+ Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus TCP Transmission Control Protocol TKIP Temporal Key Integrity Protocol ToS Type of Service Tx transmit UDP User Datagram Protocol vif virtual interface VLAN virtual LAN VPN Virtual Private Network VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol WAN wide area network WAP wireless access point WPA Wired Protected Access ĂƐŝĐZŽƵƚŝŶŐ Zϲ͘ϮǀϬϭ sLJĂƚƚĂ .

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