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JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY: KAKINADA KAKINADA533003, Andhra Pradesh (India) R 10 II B.Tech (Electronics and Communication Engineering) II Year I Sem S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subject Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis Electronic Devices and Circuits Probability Theory & Stochastic Processes Network Analysis Signals & Systems Electrical Technology EDC Lab Networks &Electrical Technology Lab English Communication Practice Total Credits P P 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 2 C C 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 II Year II Sem Subject Electronic Circuit Analysis Control Systems Pulse & Digital Circuits Switching Theory & Logic Design EM Waves and Transmission Lines Analog Communications P P 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 2 C C 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 30
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MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Common to all Branches (w.e.f.2010 batch) Unit I Introduction to Managerial Economics: Introduction to Managerial Economics & Demand Analysis: Definition of Managerial Economics, Characteristics and Scope – Managerial Economics and its relation with other subjects Basic economic tools in Managerial Economics Demand Analysis: Meaning Demand distinctions Demand determinants Law of Demand and its exceptions. UnitII Elasticity of Demand & Demand Forecasting: Definition Types of Elasticity of demand Measurement of price elasticity of demand: Total outlay method, Point method and Arc methodSignificance of Elasticity of Demand. Demand Forecasting: Meaning  Factors governing demand forecasting  Methods of demand forecasting (survey of buyers’ Intentions, Delphi method, Collective opinion, Analysis of Time series and Trend projections, Economic Indicators, Controlled experiments and Judgmental approach)  Forecasting demand for new products Criteria of a good forecasting method. UnitIII Theory of Production and Cost Analysis: Production Function Isoquants and Isocosts, MRTS, Law of variable proportions Law of returns to scale Least Cost Combination of Inputs, CobbDouglas Production function  Economies of Scale. Cost Analysis: Cost concepts, Opportunity cost, Fixed Vs Variable costs, Explicit costs Vs. Implicit costs, Out of pocket costs vs. Imputed costs.Determination of BreakEven Point (simple problems)  Managerial Significance and limitations of BEP. UNITIV Introduction to Markets, Managerial Theories of the Firm & Pricing Policies: Market structures: Types of competition, Features of Perfect Competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition. PriceOutput Determination under Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Managerial theories of the firm  Marris and Williamson’s models. Pricing Policies: Methods of PricingMarginal Cost Pricing, Limit Pricing, Market Skimming Pricing, Penetration Pricing, Bundling Pricing, and Peak Load Pricing. Internet Pricing Models: Flat rate pricing, Usage sensitive pricing, Transaction based pricing, Priority pricing, charging on the basis of social cost, Precedence model, Smart market mechanism model.
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Unit V Types of Industrial Organization & Introduction to business cycles: Characteristic features of Industrial organization, Features and evaluation of Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Joint Stock Company, State/Public Enterprises and their types. Introduction to business cycles: MeaningPhases of business cycles Features of business cycles. Unit VI Introduction to Financial Accounting: Introduction to Doubleentry system, Journal, Ledger, Trial Balance Final Accounts (with simple adjustments) Limitations of Financial Statements. Unit VII Interpretation and analysis of Financial Statement: Ratio Analysis – Liquidity ratios, Profitability ratios and solvency ratios – Preparation of changes in working capital statement and fund flow statement. Unit VIII Capital and Capital Budgeting: Meaning of capital budgeting, Need for capital budgeting – Capital budgeting decisions (Examples of capital budgeting)  Methods of Capital Budgeting: Payback Method, Accounting Rate of Return (ARR), IRR and Net Present Value Method (simple problems)
Text Books:
1. J.V.Prabhakar Rao: Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis, Maruthi Publications, 2011 2. N. Appa Rao. & P. Vijaya Kumar: ‘Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis’, Cengage Publications, New Delhi, 2011 References: 1. A R Aryasri  Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis, TMH 2011 2. Suma damodaran Managerial Economics, Oxford 2011 3. S.A. Siddiqui & A.S. Siddiqui, Mangerial Economice and Financial Analysis, New Age International Publishers, 2011. ***
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Two Dimensional Motion. Zener Characterisitics.
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www. Injected Minority Carriers. Transistor as an amplifier. Electrostatic Deflection in Cathode ray Tube. Series and Shunt voltage regulators Unit. Simple circuit of a regulator using zener diode. ripple factor. Step Graded Junction.V Transistors : Junction transistor. full wave rectifier(with and without transformer). Continuity Equation. and Metals classification using Energy Band Diagrams. Force in Magnetic Field. Fermi level in Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductor Unit. Fermi Dirac Function.VoltAmper Characteristic. Harmonic components in a rectifier circuit. Electrons and holes in Intrinsic Semi conductors. Generation and Recombination of Charges.III
Junction Diode Characteristics : Open circuited P N Junction. Π. Punch Through/ Reach Through.com
. Typical transistor junction voltage values. Potential. Motion in Magnetic Field. Transistor current components. Capacitor filter. (P and N Type semiconductor) Hall effect. Varactor Diode. Photo Transistor. Characteristics with the help of Energy Band Diagrams. Parallel Electric and Magnetic fields and Perpendicular Electric and Magnetic Fields. LED. Energy Band Diagram of PN Diode. Photo Diode Unit IV
Rectifiers and Filters: Half wave rectifier. Lsection filter. Characteristics of Transistor in Common Base and Common Emitter Configurations. Diffusion Capacitance and Diode Resistance (Static and Dynamic). Semi conductors. Law of Junction. CRO. Diffusion.jntuworld. Mobility and Conductivity. Temperature Dependence on V – I characteristic. Tunnel Diode. Analytical expressions for Transistor Characteristics. Constant Electric Field. Diode Equation.section and Multiple Π section filter. Magnetic Deflection in CRT.section filter. Current components in PN Diode. Forward and Reverse Bias.jntuworld.www. Relationship between Field Intensity and Potential. Special Diodes: Avalanche and Zener Break Down. Multiple L. Inductor filter. Extrinsic Semi Conductor.com
Electronic Devices and Circuits UnitI Electron Ballistics and Applications: Force on Charged Particles in Electric field. PIN Diode. Magnetic Focusing. Unit.II Review of Semi Conductor Physics : Insulators. and comparison of various filter circuits in terms of ripple factors.
2006 5. UNITVII Transistor Biasing and Thermal Stabilization : Transistor Biasing and Thermal Stabilization: Operating point. Millman. Thermal stability UNIT. Basic Stability.com
Unit VI Field Effect Transistors: JFET characteristics (Qualitative and Quantitative discussion). Compensation against variation in VBE. Self Bias Amplifiers. Electronic Devices and Circuits – J. Comparison of Transistor Amplifier configurations Text Books
1. KBR Murty. Halkies. Kumar. Stabilization factors..parameters. 2nd edition ***
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www.. Collector to Base Bias. Ico. Second Edition 4. Transistor Hybrid model. Vallavaraj. Pearson/Prentice Hall.www. VGS Book Links 2. Determination of hparameters from characteristics. S'’). Chritos C. Thermistor and Sensitor compensation. Integrated Electronics – Jacob Millman. Electronic Devices and Circuits – K Satya Prasad.. Conversion formulas for the parameters of three transistor configurations. Tata McGraw Hill Reference
1. MOSFET characteristics (Enhancement and depletion mode). Electronic Devices and Circuits BV Rao. Stabilization against variations in VBE.jntuworld. Small signal model of JFET. Analysis of a Transistor Amplifier circuit using h. Tata McGraw Hill. S'.VIII
Small signal low frequency Transistor models: Two port devices and the Hybrid model. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky. (S.C. TATA McGraw Hill. PCR Pantulu. and β for the self bias circuit. Electronic Devices and Circuits – Salivahanan.com
. Introduction to SCR and UJT and their characteristics. Measurement of hparameters.jntuworld. Halkias. Thermal runaway. Pearson. 2009 3. Bias Compensation. Electronic Devices and Circuits – R. K Raja Rajeswari. C.9thEdition. Symbols of MOSFET.L.
N Random Variable case. Sum of Two Random Variables. Conditional Distribution.jntuworld. Moment Generating Function. Expected Value of a Random Variable. UNIT III
OPERATION ON ONE RANDOM VARIABLE – EXPECTATIONS : Introduction. UNIT V OPERATIONS ON MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES : Expected Value of a Function of Random Variables: Joint Moments about the Origin. Exponential. Chebychev’s Inequality. Total Probability. Properties. Conditional Distribution and Density –Statistical Independence. Probability as a Relative Frequency. Probability Definitions and Axioms. Nonmonotonic Transformations of Continuous Random Variable UNIT IV MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES : Vector Random Variables. Joint Characteristic Functions. Joint Central Moments. Independent Events: UNIT II THE RANDOM VARIABLE : Definition of a Random Variable.com
PROBABILITY THEORY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES UNIT I PROBABILITY: Probability introduced through Sets and Relative Frequency: Experiments and Sample Spaces. Linear Transformations of Gaussian Random Variables. Rayleigh. Mathematical Model of Experiments. Distribution and Density functions.www. Transformations of a Random Variable: Monotonic Transformations for a Continuous Random Variable. Equal Distributions. Conditions for a Function to be a Random Variable. Events. Characteristic Function. Joint Distribution Function. Properties.
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UNIT VI
www. Unequal Distribution. Joint Probability. Conditional Density. Discrete and Continuous. Properties. Discrete and Continuous Sample Spaces.com
. Gaussian. Moments about the Origin. Mixed Random Variable. Sum of Several Random Variables. Properties of Joint Distribution. Transformations of Multiple Random Variables. Binomial. Function of a Random Variable. Variance and Skew. Uniform. Marginal Distribution Functions. Central Limit Theorem. Central Moments. Conditional Probability. Poisson.jntuworld. Bayes’ Theorem. Jointly Gaussian Random Variables: Two Random Variables case.
(NOrder) and StrictSense Stationarity. Second. . The CrossPower Density Spectrum. CrossCorrelation Functions of Input and Output. Woods. Probability.Statistical Theory of Communication . Classification of Processes.P.com
.Probability Theory and Stochastic Process – B Prabhakara Rao . Arbitrary Noise Sources. BandLimited and Narrowband Processes. Band pass. 3rd Edition. MeanErgodic Processes. TMH. CrossCorrelation Function and Its Properties.jntuworld. UNIT VII RANDOM PROCESSES – SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS: The Power Spectrum: Properties. MC Gillem. George R. Average Noise Figure of cascaded networks. TEXT BOOKS :
1. UNIT VIII LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS : Random Signal Response of Linear Systems: System Response – Convolution. Probability Methods of Signal and System Analysis. REFERENCES : 1. 1999. Relationship between Power Spectrum and Autocorrelation Function. CrossPower Density Spectrums of Input and Output. Pearson Education. 2. Average Noise Figures. 2001.S. PHI. Gaussian Random Processes. Properties.jntuworld. 4th Edition. 2003. Eugene Xavier. Distribution and Density Functions. Clave D. Effective Noise Temperature. 4. FirstOrder Stationary Processes. 3rd Edition.
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www. Autocorrelation Function and Its Properties. Peebles. Relationship between CrossPower Spectrum and CrossCorrelation Function. Mean and Meansquared Value of System Response. concept of Stationarity and Statistical Independence. Unnikrishna Pillai. Deterministic and Nondeterministic Processes. New Age Publications. Probability. Oxford. Covariance Functions. Spectral Characteristics of System Response: Power Density Spectrum of Response. Probability and Random Processes with Application to Signal Processing – Henry Stark and John W.www. Oxford University Press.Peyton Z. Time Averages and Ergodicity.com
RANDOM PROCESSES – TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS : The Random Process Concept.Order and WideSense Stationarity. autocorrelation Function of Response. 2. Poisson Random Process. Properties. Random Variables and Stochastic Processes – Athanasios Papoulis and S. Modeling of Noise Sources: Resistive (Thermal) Noise Source. 2002. 4th Edition. 3. Random Variables & Random Signal Principles . Cooper.
Angular velocity and frequency.3. mathematical representation of sinusoidal quantities. Reciprocity. impedance concept. basic tie set schedule. Reference Books: 3) UNIT – IV Coupled Circuits : Coupled Circuits: Self inductance.3. Complex impedance and phasor notation for RL. Reference Books: 2)
www. Resistance parameter – series and parallel combination. anti resonance at all frequencies. Addition and subtraction of phasors. Conductively coupled equivalent circuits. Dot rule of coupled circuits. Mesh analysis and Nodal analysis problem solving with resistances only including dependent sources also. Compensation. nonplanar graph. problem solving.com
NETWORK ANALYSIS UNIT – I Introduction to Electrical Circuits : Network elements classification.problem solving. Inductance parameter – series and parallel combination. basic cut set schedule. RLC problem solving using mesh and nodal analysis. Kirchoff’s laws. Phasor representation. pure inductance.2. RLC circuits problem solving. Bandwidth of series resonance. Reference Books: 3) UNIT – III Steady State Analysis of A. Independent and dependent sources. Substitution. explanation with relevant theory. Condition for maximum impedance.2. Bandwidth of parallel resonance. (Text Books: 1. Milliman’s.pure resistance. Parallel resonance.www. Natural current. planar. Nonideal. Definition of Q. Coefficient of coupling. incidence matrix. Reference Books: 3) UNIT – II A.C Fundamentals and Network Topology: Definitions of terms associated with periodic functions: Time period.resistance present in both branches. Norton’s. tree. Energy sources: Ideal.jntuworld. Reference Books: 3)
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UNIT – V Network Theorems: Thevinin’s. Average value. Network Topology: Definitions of branch.problem solving. (Text Books: 1.3. analysis of coupled circuits.C Circuits : Response to sinusoidal excitation . series RL. general case. (Text Books:2. problem solving. Electric energy and potential. node. Series resonance. RC.3. Phase angle. (Text Books: 2.problem solving using dependent sources also. Mutual inductance. Principal of Duality with examples. RMS value.jntuworld. Source transformation. Max Power Transfer. (Text Books: 1. Resonance: Introduction. RC. current in anti resonance. Superposition. StarDelta conversion. phase angle. Capacitance parameter – series and parallel combination. pure capacitance.com
.2. Form factor and peak factor. Tellegens. Electric charge and current.
B. Inverse Transmission line parameters. Response as related to splane rotation of roots.P filters. H. problem solving using RLC elements with DC excitation and AC excitation. Band Elimination. Yparameters. (Text Books: 1. Reference Books: 1.P. Jaico Publishers. Network Analysis – ME Van Valkenburg.Network Analysis by K. 3rd Edition. homogeneous. Composite design of L. (Text Books: 1. Mderived filters of L. Reference Books: 1. Network Analysis and Filter Design by Chadha. (Text Books: 2. Parallel connection of two port networks. nonhomogenous. Cascading of two port networks. Evaluating initial conditions procedure. Transmission line parameters.F. 2000. Network lines and Fields by John. Electric Circuit Analysis by Hayt and Kimmarle.www. Relationship between parameter sets. 2.P. filters only.3. Umesh Publications. 2. Cengage Learning 3.2. RL circuit.
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www. and H. RC circuit with DC excitation. Definition of time constants.P.P. 2. TMH REFERENCES : 1.3) UNIT – VII Transients : First order differential equations. Basic Circuit Analysis by DR Cunninghan. series connection of two port networks. Prentice Hall of India.3) TEXT BOOKS : 1.F.com
. Ryder 2nd edition.P. Asia publishing house. Inverse hparameters. second order differential equations. Zparameters. Reference Books:1.F.jntuworld. problem solving including dependent sources also.Satya Prasad and S Sivanagaraju.com
UNIT – VI Twoport networks : Relationship of two port networks.P.2. All pass prototype filters design.3) UNIT – VIII Filters : L. hparameters. D. Solutions using Laplace transform method. 3. and H.jntuworld.
Orthogonal signal space. Extraction of signal from noise by filtering. properties of Fourier series. impulse response. Natural and Flat top Sampling.
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www. Energy density spectrum. Linear time invariant (LTI) system. Parseval’s theorem. Trigonometric Fourier series and Exponential Fourier series.www. Exponential and sinusoidal signals. Mean square error. Concepts of Impulse function. properties of Fourier transforms. Fourier transforms involving impulse function and Signum function. Signum function. Relation between auto correlation function and energy/power spectral density function. Fourier transform of standard signals. HPF and BPF characteristics. Reconstruction of signal from its samples. Introduction to Hilbert Transform. relationship between bandwidth and rise time. Dirichlet’s conditions. Closed or complete set of orthogonal functions. UNIT VI SAMPLING : Sampling theorem – Graphical and analytical proof for Band Limited Signals. Signal approximation using orthogonal functions. UNIT II FOURIER SERIES REPRESENTATION OF PERIODIC SIGNALS : Representation of Fourier series. system bandwidth. Convolution property of Fourier transforms. effect of under sampling – Aliasing. Detection of periodic signals in the presence of noise by correlation. Signal bandwidth. Filter characteristics of linear systems. Linear time variant (LTV) system. UNIT IV SIGNAL TRANSMISSION THROUGH LINEAR SYSTEMS : Linear system. impulse sampling. Introduction to Band Pass sampling.com
. Continuous time periodic signals. Cross correlation and auto correlation of functions.jntuworld.jntuworld. UNIT V CONVOLUTION AND CORRELATION OF SIGNALS : Concept of convolution in time domain and frequency domain. Fourier transform of periodic signals.com
SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS UNIT I SIGNAL ANALYSIS : Analogy between vectors and signals. Response of a linear system. Ideal LPF. Graphical representation of convolution. Fourier transform of arbitrary signal. Unit step function. Distortion less transmission through a system. Orthogonality in complex functions. Power density spectrum. Relation between convolution and correlation. Causality and PolyWiener criterion for physical realization. Complex Fourier spectrum UNIT III FOURIER TRANSFORMS : Deriving Fourier transform from Fourier series. Transfer function of a LTI system. properties of correlation function.
jntuworld. Relation between L. Laplace transform of certain signals using waveform synthesis. BS Publications. Concept of region of convergence (ROC) for Laplace transforms.S.Transform of a discrete sequence.Simon Haykin and Van Veen. Signals and Systems . Inverse Ztransform.Wiley. constraints on ROC for various classes of signals. Willsky and S. 2003. Systems & Communications . 2.com
. Robert. Cenage Pub. Periodicity of discrete time using complex exponential signal.A. Fourier and Z transforms. Oppenheim. Region of convergence in ZTransform. of a signal. Properties of L. 2008.H.T’s.T. A. 4. discrete time signal representation using complex exponential and sinusoidal components.Michel J. Signals and Systems – A Rama Krishna Rao. and F.V. Partial fraction expansion. 3. Fundamentals of Signals and Systems. REFERENCES :
1. 2nd Edn.jntuworld. constraints on ROC for various classes of signals. 2nd Edition.www. UNIT VIII Z–TRANSFORMS : Fundamental difference between continuous and discrete time signals.B. Distinction between Laplace. Signals & Systems. Concept of Z.T’s.P. PHI.Narayan Iyer and K Satya Prasad . properties of Ztransforms. Lathi. TEXT BOOKS :
1. Signals. Signals & Systems . Inverse Laplace transform. 2. Tata McGrawHill
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UNIT VII LAPLACE TRANSFORMS :Review of Laplace transforms. MGH International Edition. Nawab.
Synchros.jntuworld.www.EMF equation – Types of generators – Magnetization and load characteristics of DC generators UNIT II D. AC servomotor. AC tachometers. UNIT V THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR : Principle of operation of threephase induction motors –Slip ring and Squirrel cage motors – SlipTorque characteristics – Efficiency calculation – Starting methods. UNIT VI ALTERNATORS : Alternators – Constructional features – Principle of operation – Types EMF Equation – Distribution and Coil span factors – Predetermination of regulation by Synchronous Impedance Method – OC and SC tests. UNIT VIII ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS : Basic Principles of indicating instruments – Moving Coil and Moving iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters)
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ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY UNIT I DC MACHINES : Principle of operation of DC Machines.Shaded pole motors – Capacitor motors.
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UNIT VII SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS : Principle of operation . Stepper Motors – Characteristics. MOTORS : DC Motors – Types of DC Motors – Characteristics of DC motors – 3point starters for DC shunt motor – Losses and efficiency – Swinburne’s test – Speed control of DC shunt motor – Flux and Armature voltage control methods.com
. UNIT III TRANSFORMERS : Principle of operation of single phase transformer – types – Constructional features – Phasor diagram on No Load and Load – Equivalent circuit UNIT IV PERFORMANCE OF TRANSFORMERS : Losses and Efficiency of transformer and Regulation – OC and SC tests – Predetermination of efficiency and regulation (Simple Problems).jntuworld.C.
PHI Publications.jntuworld.Kamakshiah.Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering by Rajendra Prasad.TMH Publications 2. Oxford Publications.Basic Electrical Engineering by M.2nd edition REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.Sukhija.com
TEXT BOOKS: 1.Naidu and S.2nd edition ***
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.Basic Electrical Engineering by Nagsarkar.S.
DPDT. 2. C Components (Colour Codes). and DIP). Forward bias B. Potentiometers. FET characteristics 9. PN Junction diode characteristics Resistance calculations)
3. 4.jntuworld. Study and operation of • Multimeters (Analog and Digital) • Function Generator • Regulated Power Supplies 1.com
. Single layer and Multi layer PCBs (Identification and Utility). Identification. Diodes. Coils. L. BJTs. UJT. CE Amplifier 12. Lowpower JFETs. Transistor CE characteristics (Input and Output) & h Parameter calculations 6. DIACs. 5. Zener diode characteristics and Zener as a regulator 4.jntuworld. Specifications and Testing of Active Devices. Identification. MOSFETs. PART B : (For Laboratory examination – Minimum of 10 experiments) 1. LCDs. Study and Operation of CRO.
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A. Optoelectronic Devices. Testing of R. CC Amplifier (Emitter Follower). Rectifier without filters (Full wave & Half wave) 7. Switches (SPDT. Specifications.( cutin voltage &
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www. Power Transistors. 3. TRIACs. Relays. Soldering practice – Simple Circuits using active and passive components. Frequency measurment using Lissajous Figures 2. LEDs. Bread Boards. SCR Charecteristics 10. Gang Condensers.www. Rectifier with filters (Full wave & Half wave) 8. Transistor CB characteristics (Input and Output) & h Parameter calculations 5.com
ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS LAB PART A : (Only for viva voce Examination) ELECTRONIC WORKSHOP PRACTICE ( in 6 lab sessions) : 1. UJT Charectristics 11. Linear and Digital ICs. SCR. Reverse bias.
SCRs. 01 M Hz.diodes. UJTs. LEDs. 0200µA 050V. BJTs. LCDs. 0100µA. Decade Resitance Boxes/Rheostats 6. 0100V.jntuworld. Micro Ammeters (Analog or Digital) 8. CROs 3. Voltmeters (Analog or Digital) 9. MOSFETs.com
PART C: Equipment required for Laboratories: 1. Multimeters 5.www. FETs. Regulated Power supplies (RPS) 2. Decade Capacitance Boxes 7.transistors
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www. Capacitors. 0250V Resistors. Function Generators 4. 050µA.jntuworld.

020 µA.com
. Electronic Components

030v 020M Hz.
Time response of first order RC/RL network for periodic nonsinusoidal inputs – time constant and steady state error determination. Serial and Parallel Resonance – Timing. Verification on DC. Swinburne’s Test on DC shunt machine (Predetermination of efficiency of a given DC Shunt machine working as motor and generator). 7 Constant K . Magnetization characteristics of D. Determination of critical field resistance.LP. 4.jntuworld. Brake test on DC shunt motor. Composite Filters PART – B
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. Shunt generator. chain matrix and analytical verification. Regulation of alternator by synchronous impedance method
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NETWORKS & ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY LAB PART – A 1. HP.C. Experimental determination of Thevenin’s and Norton’s equivalent circuits and verification by direct test. OC & SC tests on Singlephase transformer (Predetermination of efficiency and regulation at given power factors and determination of equivalent circuit). Determination of performance characteristics. Verification of maximum power transfer theorem. 2. 6. Brake test on 3phase Induction motor (performance characteristics).jntuworld. Resonant frequency. Bandwidth and Qfactor determination for RLC network. 6. 3. 5. 5. m derived filters 9. Verification of Superposition and Reciprocity theorems. 3. verification on AC with Resistive and Reactive loads. 4. Two port network parameters – ZY Parameters. BP Filters 8.www. 2.
Method of Analysis of Feedback Amplifiers.π Common Emitter transistor model. Hybrid π conductances. FET as Voltage Variable Resistor. current series. Validity of hybrid π model. Low frequency common source and common drain amplifiers. Cascode amplifier. Common emitter amplifier with emitter resistance. Effect of Feedback on input and output Resistances.www. Emitter follower. RCphase shift oscillators with Transistor and FET with necessary derivation for frequency of oscillation. CE short circuit gain. Hartley and Colpitts oscillators. Variation of Hybrid Parameters.jntuworld. Difference amplifier Two Stage RC Coupled JFET amplifiers (in Common Source (CS) configuration). Choice of Transistor configuration in Cascade amplifier. High input Resistance Transistor Circuits – Darlington pair. Negative Resistance in Oscillator
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Unit IV Multistage Amplifier : Cascading Transistor Amplifiers.jntuworld.com
Electronic Circuit Analysis
Unit I Single stage Amplifiers : Simplified Common Emitter hybrid model. Transfer Gain with feedback. Biasing the FET UNIT. Miller’s Theorem and dual of Millers theorem. General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers. Voltage series.com
. Wein bridge oscillator. Feedback concept. Crystal oscillators. Hybrid. Frequency response and analysis of RC Coupling. Unit V High Frequency Transistor and FET Circuits : Transistor at High Frequencies. Direct coupling and Transformer coupling. Current gain with
www. FET small signal model. voltage shunt.II
Feedback Amplifiers : Classification of Amplifiers. and current shunt feedback amplifiers with discrete components and their analysis UNITIII
Oscillators : Condition for oscillations. Hybrid π capacitances. simplfied calculations for the common collector configuration and common base amplifier. Frequency and amplitude stability of oscillators.
Vallavaraj. 1. Pearson Education. 1972. Types of Regulators. Paynter. 5th ed. Higher order harmonic Distortion. and Common Drain Amplifier at High frequencies
Unit VI Power Amplifiers: Class A large signal Amplifiers. Efficiency of Class B Amplifier. Staggered tuned amplifiers. Second Edition A. 7th Edition 2.www. Emitter follower at High frequencies. Small Signal Tuned Amplifier – Capacitance single tuned amplifier.jntuworld. Class S amplifier. Effect of Cascading Single tuned amplifiers on Band width. Second harmonic Distortions. Micro Electronic Circuits – Sedra A.S.com
. 2006. Single stage CE transistor amplifier response.C. Class AB operation. Millman and C. Load Regulation. Efficiency. Thermal stability and Heat sink Unit VII
Tuned Amplifiers : Introduction. Smith. Electronic Devices and Circuits Theory – Robert L. Transformer Coupled Audio power amplifier.com
resistive load.Suressh Kumar. Complementary Symmetry push pull amplifier. Series voltage regulator . Effect of Cascading Double tuned amplifiers on Band width. Gain Bandwidth product. Pushpull amplifiers. Class B Amplifiers. McGraw Hill. Oxford University Press. Overload Voltage protection. ***
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References : Introductory Electronic Devices and Circuits – Robert T. Double Tuned Amplifiers. Mc GrawHill. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky. Stability of tuned amplifiers Unit VIII
Voltage Regulators : Voltage regulation – Line Regulation. MOSFET power amplifier. Pearson/Prentice Hall. Electronic Devices and Circuits .jntuworld. Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design – Donald A. Mc Graw Hill. Halkias. 3. 4. Neaman. QFactor. Integrated Electronics – J. and K. Class D amplifier. shunt regulators.C. FET: Common Source amplifier at Higher Frequencies.Salivahanan. N. Text Books :
1. 9th Edition. 2.
Time response of first order systems – Characteristic Equation of Feedback control systems. Translational and Rotational mechanical systems UNIT II Impulse Response and transfer functions 
TRANSFER FUNCTION REPRESENTATION
Transfer Function of DC Servo motor .com
CONTROL SYSTEMS Objective : In this course it is aimed to introduce to the students the principles and applications of control systems in every day life.Reduction using mason’s gain formula.Classification of control systems. UNIT – I INTRODUCTION Concepts of Control Systems.Time domain specifications – Steady state response . UNITIII TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS
Standard test signals .
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www.Open Loop and closed loop control systems and their differencesDifferent examples of control systems. FeedBack Characteristics.jntuworld.com
. The basic concepts of block diagram reduction.jntuworld. UNIT – IV STABILITY ANALYSIS IN SDOMAIN : The concept of stability – Routh’s stability criterion – qualitative stability and conditional stability – limitations of Routh’s stability Root Locus Technique: The root locus concept .www.Synchro transmitter and Receiver.Steady state errors and error constants – Effects of proportional derivative. proportional integral systems. time domain analysis solutions to time invariant systems and also deals with the different aspects of stability analysis of systems in frequency domain and time domain. Effects of feedback. UNIT – V FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS : Introduction. Transient response of second order systems . Frequency domain specificationsBode diagramsDetermination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function from the Bode DiagramPhase margin and Gain marginStability Analysis from Bode Plots. Mathematical models – Differential equations. Block diagram representation of systems considering electrical systems as examples Block diagram algebra – Representation by Signal flow graph .construction of root locieffects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci.AC Servo motor.
jntuworld. Lead. ***
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www.www.. J. Control Systems by N. Ltd. Nyquist Plots Stability Analysis..Solving the Time invariant state Equations.K. Control Systems Engineering – by I. UNIT – VIII State Space Analysis of Continuous Systems Concepts of state.com
UNIT – VI STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN : Polar Plots. 1998. Modern Control Engineering – by Katsuhiko Ogata – Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Sinha.Pub. 2. state variables and state model. REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Nagrath and M. 3rd Edition. New Age International (P) Limited. 2.jntuworld. LeadLag Controllers design in frequency Domain.State Transition Matrix and it’s Properties – Concepts of Controllability and Observability TEXT BOOKS:
1. Kuo 2003– John wiley and son’s.com
. PID Controllers. Gopal. 2nd edition. C. Diagonalization. derivation of state models from block diagrams. 3rd edition. New Age International (P) Limited Publishers. 1998. Automatic Control Systems 8th edition– by B. UNIT – VII CLASSICAL CONTROL DESIGN TECHNIQUES : Compensation techniques – Lag.
Ringing circuit. Commutating capacitors. Analysis & design of Astable multivibrator (Collector coupled and Emittercoupled) using transistors. Transfer characteristics of clampers. low pass RC circuits. clamping circuits using diode with different inputs. Transistor clippers. Emitter coupled clipper. transistorswitching times. Schmitt trigger circuit. attenuators.): Analysis & design of Monostable Multivibrator: Collectorcoupled and Emittercoupled Monostable multivibrators. clipping at two independent levels. Break down voltage consideration of transistor. practical clamping circuits.ECL and CMOS logic circuits . UNIT II Non – Linear Wave Shaping : Diode clippers.
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www.www. RC network as differentiator and integrator. double differentiation. saturation parameters of Transistor and their variation with temperature. square and ramp inputs. TTL. effect of diode characteristics on clamping voltage. Unit III
Switching Characteristics of Devices: Diode and Transistor as switches.jntuworld. Comparators. pulse. Triggering in binary. Transfer characteristics of clippers.com
Pulse and Digital Circuits
Unit I Linear wave shaping : High pass. Digital Logic gate circuits: Realization of Logic Gates using DTL.jntuworld. step.Comparison of logic families Unit IV
Multivibrators: Analysis & Design of Bistable Multivibrators : Fixed bias& self biased transistor binary. Triggering in monostable multi. RL and RLC circuits and their response for step input. clamping operation.com
.Applications UNIT V Multivibrators(Cotnd. Clamping circuit theorem. Design of transistor switch. applications of voltage comparators. their response for sinusoidal.
Millman and H. Applications of sampling gates.jntuworld. Digital and Switching Waveforms”. Reduction of pedestal in gate circuits. Transistor miller time base generator. 1991. PHI. Phase delay&phase jitters. Astable relaxation circuits.Third Edition 3 MS Prakash Rao – “ Pulse and Digital Circuits “ Tata McGrawHill ***
www. “Pulse and Digital Circuits. Sine wave frequency division with a sweep circuit. Unit VII Synchronization and Frequency Division : Principles of Synchronization. Fourdiode sampling gates. J.Synchronization of a sweep circuit with symmetrical signals. Unit VIII Blocking oscillators & Sampling Gates:
Blocking oscillators: Monostable blocking oscillators (Basetiming& Emitter timing): Astable blocking oscillators (DiodeControlled & RC controlled). “Pulse. Monostable relaxation circuits. 2005. Basic operating principles of sampling gates.com
UNIT VI Time Base Generators General features of a time base signal. Manmadha Rao G.Comer. Oxford University Press.” Pearson Education. Current time base generators.www. Anand Kumar. Frequency division in sweep circuit. Unidirectional and Bidirectional sampling gates.David J. Venkat Rao. Taub. Applications Sampling gates.Second Edition References :
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Text Books :
1 . A. 2.2008. McGrawHill. Transistor Bootstrap time base generator.”Digital Logic State Machine Design’. Ramasudha K. “Pulse and Digital Circuits”.com
. K. Miller and Bootstrap time base generators – basic principles.jntuworld. 2010 2. methods of generating time base waveform.
Two level NANDNAND and NORNOR realizations. BCD adder circuit Excess3 adder circuit.4) UNIT IV
Combinational logic circuitsI: Design of Half adder.. encoder. 4bit binary adder.and PAL. Degenerative forms and multi level realizations.(Text Books: 1. (Text Books: 1.com
. minimal SOP and POS Realisation. different forms. odd parity. standard SOP and POS.jntuworld. Gray code. full adder. problem solving for subtraction. Complement and dual of logical expressions. r1’s complement and r’s complement of unsigned numbers subtraction. Reference Books: 12. priority encoder. EXOR. OR. applications of full adders. full subtractor. parity checking even parity. Signed binary numbers.2.PAL. realization of Boolean functions using decoders and multiplexers. realization of switching functions using PROM. EXCESS 3.2. Demultiplexer. half subtractor.PLA. comparison of PROM.Boolean theorems. Reference Books: 1.. error detection and error correction codes. lookahead adder circuit. conversion of numbers from one radix to another radix. Reference Books: 1. addersubtractor circuit.2.. (Text Books: 2. 4bit codes: BCD. NAND and NOR Gates. etc.www. problem solving. 2421. Reference Books: 2. .2. alphanumeric codes. higher order multiplexer.2.4) UNIT III
Minimisation of switching functions: Minimisation of switching functions using KMap up to 6variables.2.4) UNIT II Logic operation. (Text Books: 1. Hamming code. Minimisation of logic functions using theorems.AND.jntuworld. (Text Books: 2. error detection and correction codes: Basic logic operations NOT.2 . 4bit binary subtractor. Reference Books: 1. Generation of self dual functions. Programming tables of PROM. (Text Books: 1.9’s complement. multiplexer. multi leveled ANDNOR Realisations. EXNOR Gates.4)
www.3) UNIT VI Combinational logic circuitsIII: PROM. higher order demultiplexing.PLA and PAL.com
SWITCHING THEORY AND LOGIC DESIGN UNIT I: Review of Number systems: Representation of numbers of different radix. Tabular minimization.PLA. different code converter using full adders.2. Reference Books: 1.3) UNIT V
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Combinational logic circuitsII: Design of decoder. Problem solving using Kmap such as code converters binary multiplier etc.PLA and PAL.
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www. TMH. control buffer register. analysis of clocked sequential circuits. shift register. Buffer register. nor RS latch. Johnson counters. Reference Books:
1. Meelay to Moore conversion and viceversa. design procedures. Jaico Publishers. bidirectional shift register. Digital design by Mano 2nd edition PHI. 2. (Text Books: 1. Modern Digital Electronics by RP Jain.
4. Design of registers. T flipflop. Reference Books: 1. Switching theory and logic design by Hill and Peterson McGraw Hill MH edition 2.4)
TEXTBOOKS:
1.2.jntuworld. EEE Editiion.Roth Jr.www.3) UNIT VIII Sequential circuits II: Finite state machine.2.jntuworld. RS flipflop. JK flipflop.2. D flipflop with reset and clear terminals). Design of ripple counters. Micro electronics by Millman MH edition. universal shift register. truth tables and excitation tables (nand RS latch. Fundamentals of Digital Circuits by Ananda Kumar. reduction of state tables and state assignment. Realization of circuits using various flipflops. design of synchronous counters. Fundamentals of Logic Design by Charles H. 3.com
UNIT VII Sequential circuits I: Classification of sequential circuits (synchronous and asynchronous): basic flipflops. (Text Books: 1 Reference Books: 1.com
. capabilities and limitations. ring counters.Conversion of flipflop to flipflop.
Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem – Applications. All Relations Between E & H. UNIT V EM Wave Characteristics – II: Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves – Normal and Oblique Incidences.jntuworld. Convection and Conduction Currents. Isotropic and Homogeneous Dielectrics. Surface Impedance. Inconsistency of Ampere’s Law and Displacement Current Density. Inductances and Magnetic Energy. Conductors & Dielectrics – Characterization. Brewster Angle. Continuity Equation. Related Problems. Electric Flux Density. Uniform Plane Waves – Definition. Sinusoidal Variations. Gauss Law and Applications. Wave Propagation in Lossless and Conducting Media. for both Perfect Conductor and Perfect Dielectrics. Maxwell’s Two Equations for Electrostatic Fields. Electric Field Intensity – Fields due to Different Charge Distributions. Capacitance – Parallel Plate. Energy Density. Forces due to Magnetic Fields. Dielectric Constant. Conditions at a Boundary Surface : DielectricDielectric and DielectricConductor Interfaces. UNIT IV
EM Wave Characteristics .com
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Maxwell’s Equations (Time Varying Fields): Faraday’s Law and Transformer emf. Coaxial. Maxwell’s Two Equations for Magnetostatic Fields. Electric Potential. Magnetic Flux Density. Ampere’s Circuital Law and Applications. Power Loss in a Plane Conductor. Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations. Related Problems. UNIT II
Magneto Statics : BiotSavart Law.jntuworld.I: Wave Equations for Conducting and Perfect Dielectric Media.com
EM WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES
Review of Coordinate Systems. Relaxation Time.www. Relations Between E and V. Critical Angle and Total Internal Reflection. Spherical Capacitors. Maxwell’s Equations in Different Final Forms and Word Statements. Vector Calculus : UNIT I ELECTROSTATICS: Coulomb’s Law. Related Problems. Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials. Related Problems . Related Problems. Related Problems. Wave Propagation in Good Conductors and Good Dielectrics. Ampere’s Force Law. Polarization.
Related Problems. Attenuations Factor – Expression for TEM Case. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E. Velocities. Wavelengths.G.O. Ltd. 3rd ed. New Delhi. 7th ed. Losslessness/Low Loss Characterization. Transmission Line Equations. TEXT BOOKS :
1. UNIT VII Transmission Lines . λ/4.Concepts and Analysis. 2006.C. Balmain. India Publications). Single and Double Stub Matching. ***
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www. 2001. Buck. Infinite Line Concepts. 2nd Edition. 4. Primary & Secondary Constants. Springer (India) Pvt. TE. SC and OC Lines. 2005. Pearson Education 2006 2. λ/8 Lines – Impedance Transformations.com
. Distortion – Condition for Distortionlessness and Minimum Attenuation. Related Problems. λ /2. REFERENCES :
1. Transmission Lines and Networks – Umesh Sinha. Hayt Jr. Cutoff Frequencies. Electromagnetic Fields and Wave Theory –GSN Raju. 2001. PHI. Elements of Electromagnetic – Matthew N. Jordan and K. Expressions for Characteristic Impedance.com
UNIT V Guided Waves : Parallel Plane Waveguides: Introduction. 2. Loading . Engineering Electromagnetics – Nathan Ida.. Propagation Constant. VSWR. 3. Oxford Univ.jntuworld. Parameters. New Delhi.jntuworld. Wave Impedances. Press. Phase and Group Velocities. UHF Lines as Circuit Elements...www. Smith Chart – Configuration and Applications.Types of Loading. TM. Related Problems.. Sadiku. Satya Prakashan (Tech. TEM Modes . UNIT VIII Transmission Lines – II : Input Impedance Relations. Reflection Coefficient. 2000. TMH. 2nd ed. Engineering Electromagnetics – William H. and John A.I : Types.
Detection of AM Waves. Envelope detector. Demodulation of SSB Waves. Constant Average Power. Generation of DSBSC Waves. Square law detector. power relations in AM waves.jntuworld. Phase discrimination method for generating AM SSB Modulated waves. Threshold effect in Angle Modulation System. Transmission bandwidth of FM Wave . Need for modulation. frequency stability in FM Transmitter. UNIT III
SSB MODULATION : Frequency domain description. Narrow band FM. Coherent detection of DSBSC Modulated waves. Detection of FM Waves: Balanced Frequency discriminator. Phase locked loop. Generation of VSB Modulated wave.
www. Wide band FM. Generation of AM waves. Vestigial side band modulation: Frequency description.Generation of FM Waves. Preemphasis & deemphasis UNIT VI TRANSMITTERS : Radio Transmitter .com
ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS UNIT I INTRODUCTION : Introduction to communication system. AM Transmitter. Switching modulator. Noise in DSB& SSB System.Classification of Transmitter. square law Modulator. Noise in AM System. Time domain description. Effect of feedback on performance of AM Transmitter. Spectrum Analysis of Sinusoidal FM Wave. Noise in Angle Modulation System. FM Transmitter – Variable reactance type and phase modulated FM Transmitter.com
. Comparison of AM Techniques. UNIT IV
ANGLE MODULATION : Basic concepts. COSTAS Loop. Ring Modulator.
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UNIT V NOISE : Noise in Analog communication System. Envelope detection of a VSB Wave pulse Carrier. Applications of different AM Systems. Time domain and frequency domain description. UNIT II DSB MODULATION : Double side band suppressed carrier modulators. time domain and frequency domain description. Frequency Division Multiplexing .jntuworld. Comparison of FM & AM. single tone modulation. Balanced Modulators. Amplitude Modulation. Frequency discrimination method for generation of AM SSB Modulated Wave. Time domain description. Zero crossing detector.www. Definition. Direct FM. Frequency Modulation: Single tone frequency modulation.
Frequency changing and tracking.jntuworld.P. Fundamentals of Communication Systems . John Wiley. SP Sapre. 2. Amplitude limiting. TDM Vs FDM TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2007 3rd Edition.John G. Principles of Communication Systems . PPM. Intermediate frequency. Proakis. TMH 2004. double polarity) PWM: Generation & demodulation of PWM. 2006. REFERENCES:
1.Receiver Types . Generation and demodulation of PPM. Superhetrodyne receiver.com
UNIT VII RECEIVERS : Radio Receiver . UNIT VIII PULSE MODULATION : Time Division Multiplexing. Communication Systems – B. PAM (Single polarity. RF section and Characteristics . Electronics & Communication System – George Kennedy and Bernard Davis.
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www. Principles of Communication Systems – H Taub & D. Schilling.Simon Haykin. 3. Second Edition TMH. Communication Systems– R.Tuned radio frequency receiver. AGC. Lathi. Singh. Comparison with AM Receiver. Gautam Sahe.
2.. Salehi PEA. Masond.. 2nd Ed.www. 2006. 2007. TMH. Types of Pulse modulation.jntuworld. FM Receiver. BS Publication.com
.P.. 4.
3.jntuworld. For software simultation of Electronic circuits i) Computer Systems with latest specifications ii) Connected in Lan (Optional) iii) Operating system (Windows XP) iv) Simulations software (Multisim/TINAPRO) Package Equipment: 1. Bistable Multivibrator 5.Impedances measurement 2.By designing the Circuit 1. 2.Design for different frequencies 6. Integrator) 2. UJT Relaxation Oscillator. Shunt Voltage Regulator II) Pulse and Digital Circuits ( Any Six). Monostable Multivibrator.Frequency convertor) 6.com
ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS & P D C LAB List of Experiments ( Twelve experiments to be done) : I) Design and Simulation in Simulation Laboratory using Multisim OR Pspice OR Equivalent Simulation Software.com
. Common Emitter and Common collector amplifierFreq. ( Voltage. Astable Multivibrator. Class A Power Amplifier (with and without transformer load ) 7. 8.jntuworld.. Sampling Gates Equipments required for Laborataries: i. 10. Linear wave shaping ( Diff. response. RPS CRO Function Generators Components Multimeters 0 – 30 V 0 – 20 M Hz. Two Stage RC Coupled Amplifier 3. 7. 0 – 1 M Hz
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www. Transistors) 4. Wien Bridge Oscillator using Transistors.Design for different frequencies 5. Series Voltage Regulator 10. Schmitt Trigger. & Veryfing the result by Hardware (Any Six):
1. Logic gates with discrete components ( Diodes.Freq. response.www.Clampers 3. Bootstrap sweep circuit. Current shunt and Voltage shunt Feedback Amplifier. 4. 5. Time Constants. Class B Power Amplifier 8. Non Linear wave shaping – Clippers. Single Tuned Voltage Amplifier 9.Impedances measurement( with and without feedback) 4. 9. RC Phase Shift Oscillator using Transistors . Differentiator.
Amplitude Modulation . Function Generators 4. b.com
ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS LAB
List of Experiments ( Twelve experiments to be done) .Mod. Components 5. B.) Computer Systems with latest specifications ii) Connected in Lan (Optional) iii) Operating system (Windows XP) iv) Simulations software (Simulink & MATLAB) Equipment: 1. Sampling Theorem I. Pulse Amplitude Modulation . PPM . & Demod. Preemphasis & Deemphasis F. CRO 3.DSB SC . MATLAB Communication tool box) A. Hardware. & Demod. K.www. PWM . & Demod.com
. Diode Detector E.jntuworld. G. Multimeters 6. & Demod. J. AM .Mod. AGC Circuits H. Spectrum Analysis of Modulated signal using Spectrum Analyser D.MATLAB Simulink. C.Mod.jntuworld. RPS 2. PLL
Equipments & Software required: Software : i. Spectrum Analyser
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